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The British Columbia Federationist May 26, 1916

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 THP BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTBIAL UNITmSsTBENGTH. 4@» "™* "    ~.-~™ ™	
EIGHTH YEAIa No. 21
«.!
OFFICIAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL AND B.C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
'VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, MAY 26,1916
POLITICAL CNltt: VIOTOBTI
s
Ex-Vancouver Typo. Writes
Interestingly of Events
in the "Cent Belt"
Labor Men of Toronto Are
trongly Opposed to
Conscription
§tr
(By L. E. D.)
TORONTO, MAY 20.—The next
event" in provincial labor activities is tho fourteenth annual convention of the Labor Educational Association of Ontario, winch will convene
in Berlin, Ont., olf Wednesday, May
24. Special invitations have boen sent
out to all central and Labor bodies
throughout the province to send delegates to this convention, ns questions
of vital interest to Labor, particularly
at this epoch-making time, will be
brought up for discussion. Among the
delegates who,will bo present will be
Dr. Hugh StevenBon, tho labor mayor
of tho city of London, Ont. Dr. Stevenson hus taken a particular interest in
tho work of thi) Labor Educational Association.
An Educational Body.
Tho name oft this organization explains its purpose and the reason for
its existence. It exercises no authority or power over itB affiliated organizations, so far as tho individual
work and purposes of thoso organizations are concerned. It is simply what
it professes to be, a purely.educational
body along labor linos. It meots
nually to discuss such subjects as may
be of the greatest importance to Labor,
in view of future action us to Dominion
or provincial legislation directly affecting tho interests of Labor. Hence,
at the coining convontion, the reasonB
why Labor at this timo moro than at
any previous stage in its history, should
b<rTiiore directly represented in Parliament and in the legislatures than it
has been in tho past. Tho measures
taken or to be taken to securo such
representation will bo discussed. Thero
is need for such preliminary discussion,
in order that the weak points and the
mistakes mado in tho past endoavorB
may be reviewed and, if possible, eliminated in futuro attempts to secure di-
dect representation of Labor.
Daylight-saving Scheme.
The daylight-saving idea is gaining
ground very rapidly here. Tho executivo
of thc Ontario Associated Boards of
Trade have wired Premier Borden
favoring the idea, and asking that it
be made law this year if possible.
James Stevenson, of tho Toronto Typesetting Company, and an old-time member of tho Toronto Typographical j
Union, is a firm boliever in tho utility
of the daylight-saving schemo, and at
a rocont meeting of tho Toronto Lacrosse League, he moved a resolution to
that effect, and pointed out that most
of the matches wero played in the eve
nings, but oftimes wero forced to be
cut Bhort on account of darkness. A
longer evening gives tho worker i
chance to seo a ball or Incrosso garni
before dark, as well as to get acquaint
ed with his wifo and family by duy
light.
Lake Steameu Activity,
All indications point to a record-
breaking season on the lake steamers,
and wages in all tho crafts engaged in
that work have materially increased.
Skilled men are scarce, and ns a great
many boats cannot got full crews, tho
condition is serious. Prospects were
never better thnn at tho present time.
Many Carpenters Overseas.
No. 3 branch of Amalgamated Carpenters of this city unveiled their roll
of honor for their memberB at the front
nt a recent mooting. Locnl 2041 of the
U. B. Carpenters have nlso unvoiled an
honor roll of their men at the front.
That "General Strike."
A New York Btory that tho Trndes
and Labor Congress of Canada was
going to dcclaro a general striko if conscription is put into force wns ridiculed
nt the Labor Temple when representatives of Labor wero approachod on the
subject. "There is absolutely no foundation for such an nbsurd statement,
and the matter has never even beon
considered or discussed by us, "said
one. "In fact, thbusnnds of our mon
nre engaged in tho manufacture of
munitions nnd wnr supplies, while
thousands havo enlisted, nnd if con
scription were ^eclnrod, their rnnks
could not be further depleted, ns thoy
are of moro use to the government in
their present capacity."
A circular did eome beforo the Toronto District Labor Council, which
is affiliated with tke Trades nnd
Labor Congress of Canada, but no action was taken. The wholo thing waB
considered premature, and did not receive any serious consideration.
The Labor men in Toronto aro strongly opposed to conscription, and only
recently tho members of tho United
Carpenters entered an emphatic protest to tho recent amendment enacted
by the Dominion parliament with respect to workmen on ships, vessels,
works, buildings, munitions, ordnance,
guns and explosives, as boing a deliberate encroachment on the liberties of
the working classes in Canada.
ASIATIC LABOR EMPLOYED
iiiii ___11 .1111 - iiiii
TTTTT TTTTT TTTTT TTTTT"
ON ROGERS' PLANTATION
IN LAST WEEK'S ISSUE of The Federationist, some slight attention was given to the activities oil the B. C. Sugar Refining Co. and
the. personality which is behind! that name—Mr. B. T. Rogers. To
say that the article Avas read with interest is putting it mildly, as the
references to last week's issue, made at The Federationist office this
week, have invariably opened with words of commendation for its
enterprise in throwing aside the curtains and giving the public a
glimpse of the local "Holy of Holies" of the sugar trust. This week
The Federationist would take its readers on a trip over the Pacific to
the island of Viti Levu, one of the Fiji group, where are situated the
great sugar plantations upon which the B. 0. Sugar Refining Co. depends for its supplies.
A Little Ketrospective.
UNION DAIRIES
Assist the Milk Wagon Drivers' Union
By Patronizing "Fed." Advertisers.
Union men and their friends can
holp the Milk Vfimon Drivers' Union
by dealing only with dairies employing
union drivers. The union dairies are
fairly well represented in the advertising columns of The Foderationist.
Look them over and see that these only
aro patronized.
"A man nover seems to be half so
worried about the temptations ho may
meet in this life aa he ia about those ho
may mias." '
A fow years ago tho daily papers of
Vancouver Culled attention, through
full and hulf-page advertisements, to
the fuot thut the stores of the city wero
offering "Chinese" sugar for sale. In
flaring display typo the public was
warned against purchasing this sugar;
bocauBe of the fuct that it was the product of Oriental eoolio labor. The ad<
vertisements wore based on the supposition that the mere mention of this fnct
would be sufficient to damn the offerings of this shipment in the eyos of the
public. But, for four the mention might
not produce the desired rosult, cleverly
worded text wus also used with the object of bringing homo to the reudor tho
indescribable conditions whieh accompany Oriental labor in connection with
the manufacture of sugar. These advertisements were signed by the B. C,
Sugar Refining Co,, the Vancouver concern which, as noted in laBt week^S
Federationist, operates its refinery in
Vancouver with white labor, paid on an
Oriental wage basis.
Incidentally, while the cargo of sugar
was beiog marketed in Vancouver, the
B. C. Sugar Refining Co. dropped its
price, to advance it again when thVj
cargo was disposed of. And, if memory
serves right, the prico went evon higher
thai) thc old rate. Probably, in order to
provido for the payment by the pubjic
for the advertising campaign which il.
T. Rogers was obliged to curry on during tlio weeks of tho "sugar wnr."
It is probable that a number of Federationist readers wero moved by the
pitiful pleadings of these advertisements to "Ask for B. C. Refining Co.'s
sugar," trados unionists uot having
much love for tho products of Oriental
labor. However, had the advertisements told tho entire Btory, it is doubtful if oven tho most ardent trades
unionist would have gone out of his
way.
Modem Slave Plantation.
And now for our trip. Taking the
Canadian-Australian liner wo arrive in
the course of time at Suva, the seat of
government of the Fiji group and loent-
od" 6n VithLcvn. In Suva is tho great
sugar mill of tho Colonial Sugar Refining Co, nnd, on enquiry, wo are told
that Tamuua, the sugar plantation of B.
T, Rogers, was locatod nt Nnvun, a
short distance south of Suva.
With the memory of Mr. Rogers
ringing words against the purchasing of
sugar which was the product of Oriental
labor we take tho trip to Navua, along
the river of the bpuio name, being locat
ed the Rogers' plantations. Hore we
expect to see an extensive-fortile area,
populuted by white laborers engaged ifi
tho cultivation and preparation of the
sugar fields.
But, horror of horrors, what is this
we aeo?
That's Tamuua, all right, we nro told.
Yes, it is tho Rogers' plantation wo ure
looking at.
"But," we ask, "who are thoso peoplo working in the fields!" "Why,'"'
we nre told, "they aro Hindu coolies.
That's the only class of labor employed
on the plantation."
"But," wo reply, "Rogers' refinery
don't believe in 'coolie' sugar. They
warn people against purchasing it. It
urges its claims for patronage on tho
fact that supporting its product means
supporting white labor,"
A shrug of tho shoulder and the reply
"Nothing but coolies' round here" is
tho only answer.
Gradually, us you look around, tho
fact dawns upon you that Rogers bus
"put ono over" on you again, and that
tho man who urges the support of white
labor nt Vancouver is an employer of
coolie labor on his Fiji plantation, And,
nfter several days at Tamauu, you will
find this is undoubtedly the caso.
How Slaves Are Shanghaied.
Fiji is undor the British ling, nnd
since 1878, tho govornment labor agents
havo been sending shiploads of Hindus
from Madras and Calcutta to the islands, Mr. Rogers wants somo more
hands for his plantation and this is the
wny it worka. His man meets the boat
na it arrives and tells how many labor
ers ho wants. Aftor some haggling as
to number nn agreement is reached, and
tho required number is signed over to
the plantation.
"Signed over," says tho reader.
"Yes, that's just what was said. For
theBe men (and women, too) nro by that
act handed'over to' the mercies of tlio
ovorsccrs oi tho Rogers plantation for a
term of five yearB, their pay being, it is
understood, about n shilling a day and
rations. The agreement means that the
mon, now known ns indentured lnborers,
are virtual Blaves on tho plantation for
fivo years, the only vnrintion from slavery conditions being the stated wago
which they ure at liberty to Bpend at a
store kept by a Mr. Marks, whero they
alao. securo such rations as aro furnished..
Cheerful Job—Steady, Toot
Day in and day out for five yeara rain
or Bhino, nnd the Fijis aro in the wot
belt, the laborer must toil for his shilling a day on the Rogers plantation.
For convenience, tho gangs are in
charge of a number of overseers who
may be trusted to seo that they do their
work. Escape there is none, for thoro is
nothing but bush acrosB tho rivor wherein they may hide, and hungor will soon
drlvo them back to their masters. Cheerful job, isn't it?
Travel over the Rogers' plantation as
you will, you will find that Asiatic
coolie labor prevails everywhere. In
the fields, during tho preparation and
cultivation period, and during the cutting nnd hauling by tram to tho mill; in
tho mill whero tho cane is stripped,
crushed, pressed and concentrated, an'd
Chemical   Science   Offers
New Opportunities
for Patriots
May Do More for Fatherland After They Are
Dead Than Before
B. G, WORKMEN'S
COMPENSATION
ACT IS PASSED
After  Eleven  Years'  Agitation
Organized labor Secures
Recognition
THE new b. o.
Compensation
WORKMEN'S
Act received
its final reading on Tuesday morning, and it will receive the assent
of the lieutenant-governor in a few
days. Organized labor has heen agitating and working for the enactment of such an act for the past
eleven years, and, naturally, the
twelve thousand trade unionists
and many other unorganized workmen, including the loggers, feel
somewhat repaid for the expenditure of their money and the efforts
of their representatives. As finally
amended, the act received the
unanimous vote of the government
side of the House and also that of
the four members of the opposition.
The organization of the department
to administer the provisions of the
belated concession to wage-workers
will date from September 1, while
the measure as a whole, will become
operative on January 1, 1917. Inasmuch as the splendid provisions,
of the act will depend so largely*
upon its administration and enforcement, lt will still be necessaiy
for organized labor to make sure
of the personnel of the board of
three commissioners—and these
have not yet heen named. Until
then it might be just as well to
withhold jubilance and reserve
judgment.
(In Vancouver \
City |2.00  /
$1.50 PER YEAR
CAN A III LI
DECENTLY ON $5
AM?
THE FOLLOWING, clipped from thc
columns of the Labor Call, of Mel
bourne, is respectfully dedicated to all
who may bo enthused with patriotic for
vor to the extent of being willing to lay
down their lives in defence of "Kaiser
and fatherland." It should add greatly
to patriotic enthusiasm to know, that
ihey may not only light and die for
their country, but also by exploding for
it nfter death, in a mnnner no doubt terrifying and it is to be hoped effective.
If it is true that tho German government is manufacturing explosives in the
manner hinted at below, it affords added
testimony to German efficiency and
might also bo used by those socialists
who see in every move of Germany in
tho direction of increasing her military
efficiency by what is termed the "nationalization of industry," an evidence
of progress towards socialism, as one
more striking illustration of such progress. If thc control of any industry by
a military government for the purpose
of strengthening its power ns such is
evidence of a tendency towards socialism, thon surely the nationalization of
so important nn industry as boiling dead
patriots into high explosives, should be
made use of as propngandn.
■ Glycerine and Glory.
A press despatch sent out from Chi* j
cngo during the conference of tho Nitro-
Glycerine Manufacturers' association
reads as follows:
'' U'siug the bodies of men slain in
battle to make nitro-glycerine is being
discussed by the members of tho Western Nitro-UIycerino Manufacturers' association in session hero to deviso some
means of increasing the output of their
product.
"They say the war is necessitating
tho use of so much glycerine thut the
entire supply of the United States will
bo exhausted in ninety dnys.
"If glycerine is exhausted, it will not
only havo nn important effect on the
wnr," speakers snid, "but much work,
including oil development, will be
brought to a dead stop." Ono of the
delegates says:
Glycerine is produced but from
onc source, animal sinews, nnd there is
no way of incrensing the production unless we can make use of tho bodies of
horses and mon killed on the field of
battle.'*'
The utilizing of tho bodies of slaughtered soldiers to mnke more bombs and
shells is said to account for tho incx-
huustible supplies of explosives with
whieh the Germans nre now bombarding
Verdun. Every dead Gorman, properly
boiled anil mixed with nitric and sulphuric acids may kill more mon after he
is dead than when he is alive. That's
German method. We regnrd it ns glorious and great to be dead and buried,
but tho German is happy in the knowledge thnt his remains will bo dumped
into n vat, stowed into high explosives,
and then loaded into a shell that will do
yet moro glorious work for tho fader-
land.
We ought not to bo outdone in this
stewed corpse business. Every profit-
monger, everyone of us who stays nt
home, could, at least, give onr corpse
for onr country. Tt should onse our dying moments tn know that, thanks to
the- advance of modern science, wo enn
kill moro people with our carcase than
we enn with our tongues.
Thero is no limit to the possibility of
this enterprise. Whnt n hell of n 'wnr
wo enn have if everybody will only consent to be choniicnlizcd into explosives
ns fast as they die.
NANAIMO COAL MINE
OFFICIALS CONVICTED
The United Statos circuit court of appeals at San Francisco last Monday, denied the petition fit the Western Fuel
company's officials, convicted of a conspiracy to defraud the government, for
a- rehearing. Six weeks ago tho same
court upheld the conviction of tho defendants in .fudge Cooling's court.   Jas.
B. Smith, vice-president and general
manager of the Western Fuel compuny,
was sentenced by Judgo Dooling to
eighteen months' imprisonment at San
Quentin, aud a fine of $5000; Frederick
C. Mills, superintendent of the ''coul
trust,'' wns sentenced to eighteen
months at San Quentin; Edwurd H.
Mayer, coal weigher, to ono year in the
county jail.
'Uplift'and'Social Reform'
Matured Snifflers Scratch
Away at  the Effects
Ample Scope for Investigation Into Causes of
Social Evils
OPPOSED TO CONSCRIPTION
Trail, B, 0., Brotherhood of Carpenters,
Will So Report *;c Labor Congress.
Geo. H. Hardy, "provincial organizer
for the People's Prohibition Movement
of B. C", was billed to speak at the
Star theatre, Trail, B. C, last Sunday
evening, his subject being "Compensation to the Liquor Interests."
Mr. Hardy advises Tho Federationist
that upon receipt of the "conscription"
circular from the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada, the Brotherhood of
Carpenters of the Smelter City, with a
membership present of 51, declared
themselves opposed to conscription by a
vote of 22 to 4, and by the samo vote
decided that they were prepared to call
a strike in ease an attempt were mado
to enforco such a measure.
oven down to tho timo when the Rogers'
tug, the Adibelln, tows her long line of
punts laden with raw sugar to Suva, for
shipment to Vnncouver, nil tho lnbor employed is Asiatic. Possibly ono exception might bo noted, in connection with
the carpenters, these being not Hindus
but Jnpnnose. The only white employees
on the plantation are tho officials of the
company, a fow men such ns engineers,
chemist, etc., whero tho intelligence of
tho white is absolutely neccssnry and
tbo overseers.
The noxt time the reader reads an nd-
vortisomont of the B. 0. Sugar Refining
Co. warning the public against Oriental
sugar, ho is advised to weigh against it
tho Asiatic coolie lnbor of the company's plantations on* the Fijis. "A
distinction without a difference" tho
philosopher would sny.
But wo don't. sec such advertisements
now, tho reason probably being thnt thc
scarcity of bottoms provents competitive shipments from coming to Vancouver.
Incidents Uy, tlio prico of flugar is going up.
Why?
MACHINISTS' CAMPAIGN N
Organizer Meeting   With   Success In
Increasing Membership,
Tho Machinists' organization meeting last Saturday evening was a pronounced success. President J. A. Mclvor occupied the chair. Orgunizer D.
McCallum nnd R. P. Pettipiece addressed the meeting. After a general
discussion  of  local questions,  a dozen
\v npplicntions for membership wore
made, with good prospects of many
more at tonight's regular meeting and
tomorrow evening's speciul meeting. It
is reported thnt already some of the
local munition manufacturers hnve increased wages—all of which goes to
show the value of organization.
TEACHERS' FEDEBATION
F. of L. Has Issued Charter to the
New Organization.
The American Federation of Labor
has just issued a charter to tho Amorl*
Federation of Teachers, which has
its headquarters In Chicago. Charles B.
Htillmnii is president und Margaret
Nnodgrnss is corresponding secretary.
Offices are maintained at 110 West
Washington street, Chicago.
A LD. MAHON is credited with hav-
** ing recently heard complaints from
members of local "uplift" and "soeial rjform" women's organizations,
concerning the morals of. certain jitney occupants of the feminine variety,
aud there is likely tu be a move made
to further investigate the subject. In
thiB/ connection The Federationist suggests a perUBul of tho remarks made
by Mifthael Casey, vice-president of tho
International Brotherhood of Teamsters and Chauffeurs, at San Francisco
a few dayB ago, before the California
Woman's Club. Snid Mr. Casey:
Where to Commence Investigation.
"If you women are interested ...
safeguarding the morals of the working
girls I would suggest that you investigate conditions under which girls nro
compelled to work, their salaries, etc,
and refuse to patronize firms that do
not pay decent living wages to their
female employees	
"And while I am on this subject,'
continued Mr. Casey, "I beg leave to
present some facts which may prove
helpful to those of you who are interested in safeguarding the morals of
young working girls:
Wages $3.50 per Week.
"There aro employers in San Francisco who pay their female employees
us low a wage as $3.50 per week. No
girl can live decently on such a paltry sum. There ore many employers
who pay their female employees $5 or
$0 per week". Could you live decently
on such a wage? What are these girls
going to do? What would you do if
you were in their predicament?
One Way to Assist.
"Now, if you ure really interested
in safeguarding the morals of young
working girls there is a wuy in which
you can render them practical assistance. It is this: Go to the merchants
and othor employers of lubor whom
you patronize. Ascertain what wago
is paid their female employees. Investigate working conditions. If you find
a firm that is not paying a decent living wage to its female employees, tell
that firm that you will not patronize
them until they do pay a decent living wnge to their female help. Then
tell your friends about it and get their
assistance.
"If you will do this you will not
hnve much cuuse to worry nbout the j
morals of the young working girls.
Deal With Cause—Not Effect.
What Vice-president Casey had to say
of San Francisco is almost equally true
of Vancouver. Let the reformers start
in by paying a visit to Ramsay Bros.'
biscuit nnd candy factory on Powell
street; go over to tho B. C. Sugar Refinery; call on most any of the dressmaking and millinery shops; investigate
the 5c-10c-15c stores. In fact, start in
any place. They will then the bettor understand several viewpoints. In fact, if
tho denr well-meaning "upliftcrs" will
sincerely go into the question far
enough they will have plenty of work
ahead of them. The mission of saving
souls is a laudable one. But the first
essential is to see that it. is made possiblo for girls to have healthy bodies
to place their souls in. There is altogether too much time wasted in social
surface-skimming and scratching away
at effects. Why not break through the
veneer und deul with the cause of most
social evils? Such a change and programme would be refreshing.
W. F. OF M. WILL
HAVE NO PART IN
NATIONALISM
President Moyer Repudiates Inter-
_,    changeable Oard System
Without Delay
PRESIDENT MOYER of the Western Federation of Miners, has lost
, no time ia repudiating any action on
the part of his organization that
makes for "nationalism" in the organized lnbor movement of this continent. A few weeks ngo it wns announced that the W. F. uf M. had
agreed to an interchange of cards
with the Canadian Union of Steam
and Operating Engineers, with headquarters in Vancouver. Officials of
the B. C. Federation of Lnbor at once
plabed Presidont Moyer in possession
of the facts, with the result that an
official letter has been mailed to Secretary E. Prendergust of the "Canadian" organization, us follows:
"Information has .just reached
ine that tho organization of engineers, of which you are secretary,
hus surrendered its charter in the
International Union- of Steam and
Operating Engineers, und formed a
purely Canadian union. I think you
will fully understand that hud I
been in possession of this information when the proposition was mado
by you for an interchange of cards,
that under no consideration would I
have entertained the same. The
Western Federation of Miners, as
you woll know, is an international
of the American Federation of Labor, and as such, cannot give its endorsement to any movement dual to
any other international or recognize
it in n|y manner. You will therefore nccept this ub official notico
thnt the nrrnngement entered into
for interchangeable cards as between the Cnnadian Union of Engineers and the Western Federation
of Miners ia hereby abrogated and
an official notice will bo published
in the next issue of our Magazine
to that effect. I sincerely trust that
you mny renew your affiliation with
tho international at the earliest possible moment, and thereby secure
recognition by the Lubor movement
of America, which Bhould be desired by nil trades unionists."
LABOR DAY WILL BE
AI
Committee Reports Indicate
Renewed Activity in
Capital City
Suggest Half-holiday Legislation Can Be Applied
To All Workmen
LETTER CARRIER
Some $700 Already Raised
By Union and More Is
Expected
President Watters at Cobalt.
Jas. C. Watters, president of the
Trades nnd Labor Congress of Canada,
wns cnllcd to Cobalt, Out., last week to
assist members of the Western Federation of Miners.
A. S. Wells Leaves for Old Country
A, S. Wells, secrotnry-trensurer of
thc B. C. Federation of Labor, will bc
in Vancouver on Monday en route to
thc Old Country, where ho is to nltond
a convention of tho Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners ns one
of the two representatives from Canada. Seeretary Wells will remain in tke
old hind for at least threo montliB, nnd
has promised to contribute n series of
articles to Thc Federationist.
UBOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, May 28—Typographical union.
MONDAY,    May   20—Electrical
,    Workers No. 213,
TUESDAY, May 30—
WEDNESDAY, May 31—Press
Feeders executive.
THURSDAY, Juno 1—Garment
Workers, Trades and Labor
Council.
FBIDAY, June 2—Railway Car-
men, Letter Carriers.
Labor Council Next Thursday.
Vancouver Trades nnd Lnbor Council will meet next Thursday* June 1,
The parliamentary com rait too meets
Wednesday evening, May 31. It muy
not-bo generally understood that in addition to press representatives visitors
are mnde welcome.
Victoria Will Entertain the
Delegates to Vancouver
Convention
Railway Shopmen Quit.
Abnul 12fi shop hands employed by
the Toronto, Hamilton und Buffalo
Hail wny walked out last Saturday,
after fniling to come ot an ngreement
with the company regarding wages and
hours. Tho award of the federal conciliation board recently made, was not
satisfactory to either party.
Artificial Limbs in Big Demand.
Title seen on sorocn at New Westminster movie show last week: "Demand
for artificial limbs in Europe increases
- output of United States factories by
nr fi00%." Thil wu followed by
pictures showing huge packing cases being filled with wooden limbs, to be sent
to Europe. Ono wonders to whnt extent
the employees working in those fnctories profited by the 500% incrensc in
business. Also to whnt extent the exhibition of theso pictures will stimulate
recruiting.
"Jim" Oreer on Hedley Gazette.
-.» will bo a pleasure to ngnin get n
newspnpor with Jim Oreer at its editorial head, Jim, up to a few weeks ago
ran the Slocan Record at Now Denver.
He told some unplcssnnt truth nbout
mining conditions in Hlocnn, nnd the
"big squcezo" behind the plant pinched him out. Khyr which time Jim has
been waiting for Opportunity to knock.
Tt found him rendy. Ho is now editor
and proprietor of the Medley Gazette
—the right mnn in tho right field.—
Enderby PresB.
VICTORIA, May 23.—Through the
energy of President Bird, Treasurer
Davidson and the other members of tho
committee acting ns trustees for the
Hnrdman fund, the amount secured, so
far, in nid of the widow and children of
T. Hnrdman, a recently deceased member of the Letter Carriers' association,
is approaching the $700 mark. It is
hoped that not less than $.1000 will uc-
crue from all sources for the family in
question, through the instrumentality of
the association.
Letter Carriers iu Session.
The Letter Carriers of Victoria held
their regular nieeting last Tuesday, with
an average attendance of mem Iters present. The report of the delegates to tho
Trades and Lnbor council showed that,
according to the regulations of the Vancouver Island Development association,
representatives from any labor organ!
zution would be udmittcd to member
ship, etc. In view of which it was
pointed out thnt were all the Labor or
gnnizations to act on the information
given this institution could very easily
fall Into the hands of the workers.
To Entertain Convention Delegates.
Tlie-meeting   took   definite   steps to
provide entertainment for any delegates
nd their friends who mny find it pos-
iblo to visit  Victoria    in    connection
with their duties at the Letter Curriers
joint ion, which will lie held iu Van
ver on August 17.
A Little Retrospective.
The secretory was directed to write to
the general CXOOUtlve of th<? Federation
and nsk whut steps, if nny, liavo been
tnken to secure leave with pay, to carriers temporarily employed in places of
enlisted postmen. The meeting was bf
the opinion that it was highly desirabh
to have a definite understanding on this
mutter before the convention meets.
"Paddy" Draper Re-elected President.
P. M. Draper, secretary-treasurer of
tho Trades nnd Labor Congress of Can-
udn, superintendent of the government
printing bureau, Ottawa, has been reelected by acclamation as president of
the federal Capital City Typographical
union.
Wages on G. N. R. Work.
nnswer   to   the   request of
the
Trados und Lnbor Council, that a
proper wago schedule bo drafted for
tho work on tho new O. N. station work,
Aid. Woodside asked for nnd secured
a special committeo to denl with the
question. This committee, Aids. Wood-
side, Mcintosh and Mahon, will report
tO a special meeting of tho couneil to
be held today.
Scandal ond weird Btorics travel 1000
yards a second, according to Prof. Bon-
jamin Snow, of tho university of Wig-
cousin, who bases his calculations on
observations around the university, but
which might bo applied to other localities, including Labor tcmplos.
VICTORIA, May 23.—President Taylor was greeted with a good attendance at last meeting of the central
labor body. Messrs. J. Gardner and E.
Christopher, tailors; T. Jncklin and D.
linkers, iron molders, and E. W. Nelson, electrical' workers, were received
as delegates.
Executive Board Report.
The matt ter of returned soldiers
strike-breaking at Calgary on the Moving Picture Operators', inasmuch as
further information has been received,
was referred to President Taylor with
instructions tp keep tab on, be being
on the sub-committee of the Returned
Soldiers' Aid committee.
Assisting Brewery Worken.
President Taylor   and Vice-president
R. W. Nunn were working together in
an endeuvor to bring about a settlement covering tbe brewery workers at
the Silver Springs brewery.
To Celebrate Labor Day.
Del. Fox  reported for tho    special
committee   having   in   hand   the   ad*
visability of Labor celebrating Labor ^
Duy this year. They recommended that
the day be observed and that a field
day of sports be arranged. Permission
had been granted by tho B. C. A. A. W.
The council  concurred  in  the recommendation.     The   following   delegates
were appointed  to make all preliminary arrangements and report: Dels. Fox,
Day, Marsh, Sivertz, Buss and Simons.
Munition Work.
Tho dclegntcs named at last meeting
to   investigate    the conditions   under
which ammunition boxes   were   being
made reported progress, and DiJs. Fox
and Simons were added to the committeo.
'  International Organizer Wanted.
A communication was received from
tho headquarters of the International
Union of Steam and Operating Engineers, covering the question of placing
.an organizer in this district. Secretary
instructed to answer,    urging prompt
action.
The Wily Chinese.
It has been reported to members of
this council for some .time past that
certain Chinese tailors were advising
prospective customers tbat they bad
actually made the "union label" suit
alleged to hnve eome from a white
union shop. Tho Tailors' delegate advised the council that this wns n regular stunt uf the wily chink to get business, but emphatically assured the delegates that any union shop taking nn order for suits invariably made the suit
on their own premises, nnd thnt it was
impossible for a chink to hnve dono any
part of tho work. It was decided to
havo the executive run the rumor to
earth nnd report.
To Organise Turner-Beeton's.
Tho executive committee was instructed to denl with the organizing of
garment workers in the employ of
Messrs. Turner, Beeton & Co., Limited.
At present the employees have a
!' union'' nil by themselves*—and a
label, loo. But this condition, it is
thought, will bc altered und the employees re-organized us a part of the
international union movement.
Favor Half-holiday Legislation.
The council placed itself upon record
ns being in favor of the Itetnil Clerks'
half-holiday movement, nnd "that tlio
same legislation should apply to all
workers and that the parliamentary'
committee take steps to secure it if
possible."
Wages in Saanich.
Dels. Watchman, Simons and Fox, together with President Taylor and Secretary Holdrige, were selected as n committee to interview the Hannich council
and the city council with a view to
holding them to their promises regarding wages lo be paid workmen. When
the wnge was lowered it was on tho
understanding that the old scale would
be restored when steady work begun.
Steady work has been started—but nt
"relief" wages. In Saanich the authorities nre trying to force a nine-hour
workday on the men.
MACHINISTS' UNION
International Officers Elected By Referendum Last Week.
The International Association of Machinists elected officers for tho ensuing
term, by referendum, lust week, as follows: President, Wm. H. Johnston, reelected; vice-president, United States,
J. F. Anderson, re-elected; vice-president, Canada, J. A. McClelland, re-elected; secretary-treasurer, Oeo. Preston, reelected; editor Machinists' Journal, F,
Hewitt, re-elected; executive board,
Messrs. Savage and Nicholson, re-elect*
od, nnd Messrs. Amos, Hnnnon nnd Kep-
pler, ox-vice-prcsidonts; delcgntes to the-
American Federation of Lnbor, J.
O'Connell, T. VnnLear, J. Tnylorf well-
known on tho Pacific const) and O. W.
Whorton. James Somerville of Moose
Jaw failed rc-oleetion to the executive
board, having run 23(1 votes behind Mr.
Kopplcr.
Better Conditions for Longshoremen.
Tho Longshoremen's convention nt
Seattle, May 1-11, decided to amend
their wago scale on June 1, so that it
will bc more in harmony with the
"prosperity" prevalent among shipping
interests. The B. C. membership
will, of course, share in tho betterments. G. J. Kelly, who has boen district secrctnry-trensuror for Borne
months, is ngntn in Vnncouvor representing tho international. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
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Member of  the Canadian Press Association
'Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World"
FRIDAY Hay 20, l!)l(i
IF THEBE IS ONE WORD in the
English language that should rouso
tho ire of any one fit to bo free,
that word is work.   It eould never havt
j beon coined until the slave was invent
ed,   und   must   have
THE PENALTY been designed for tho
OF express purpose of in-
SALVATION. dioating tho penalty
that must bo suffered
therefor. Work is for horses, mules,
oxen und other enslaved animals. It
expresses the suffering they ure compelled to undergo because of their enslavement. No free animal ever was
guilty of working. Not even thut biped
known as man, in many ways the most
stupid of all animals, ever sunk to such
stupidity as that, until he had first
submitted to enslavement ut the hands
of some more cunning and unscrupulous
fellow, and then he had to accept it as
a penalty for his submission. That
work is both a sin and a penalty is
clearly proven by the fact that tho harder and longer ono works the worse
one's bones and muscles ache. It is
well-known that a volume of aches and
agony can be obtained in this way that
could not be duplicated lu Vny other
manner sanctioned by law. That work
is a shameful condition is also known
by the fact that everybody possessed of
normal common sense avoids taking on
the habit if possible. If they are, by
unfortunate circumstances, forced to
contract the habit, they never require
the application of strong medicine to induce them to break away from it, once
the opportunity offers.
* ♦      •
Tho gospel of work has always been
zealously taught the enslaved workers,
by their masters. So long as the foolish
slaves could bo kept sufficiently foolish
to remain happily ruminant over the nobility of work and pleasingly intoxicated under the jag of dignity supposed to
be apportioned to honest labor, their
masters were securo in the saddle and
free to enjoy existence without suffering the ignominy of having to work. If
life has a purpose, it must be to express
tho joy of living, tho pleasure of existence. Proof of it? All nature smiles.
Tho birds sing. The ilowers bloom. The
forest takes on its resplendent foliage.
The animal world becomes joyous with
netivity, and insect land abuzz with the
harvest. The brook babbles to tho
river, thc rivor sweeps on to the sea,
there to bo met with tho oceans' welcoming roar. The only Deaths' Head
at this banquet of life and joy of living,
is that dull-witted ass who has been so
doped up with thc gospel of work, that
ho meekly submits to that accursed pen-
nlty under the fool notion that he is
pulling off such a noble and dignified
stunt us to merit tho plaudits of an admiring world. The only part of the
world thnt is justified in commending
the victim of the work habit for his
misfortune, is that portion that escapes
work because of it.
* *      *
Georgo R. Kirkpatrick, the socialist
candidate for vice-president of the
United Stutes at the elections next fall,
recently addressed a public meeting at
Los Angeles. In thc course of his nd
dress he said: "That everybody ought
to work; that evorybody should bo
given an opportunity to work." Either
wc have not' understood tho philosophy
of socialism correctly, or it is about
time that some effort was made to save
the movement from its friends. The
working class of the world hns for some
thousands of years been groaning nnd
suffering and dying under tho burden
which that' supreme curse of slnvery has
inflicted upon it. Of recent years it
has boen possible for some of tho workers to temporarily escape the penalty
of work, for tho renson thnt tho supply
of dinners exceeded tlie number of
ponnllies available. Wc liavn been led
to believe that a sane nud proper arrangement of thc industrial affairs of
mankind upon the basis of collective
ownership and control of the means of
production, and the production of
wealth for use instead of for profit ns
ut prosont, would set tho workors freo
by relieving them of that curse that has
rested upon them for ages in tho shape
of work, work, work. But it scorns thnt
there is to bo no relief from thut curse,
according to Kirkpatrick at loust, but it
is to be made to apply to all nnd sundry
alike. ThoBe who are now so fortunate
as to escape ita terrors, through lack of
opportunity, or because of thoir wealth,
or because they havo better senso, aro
to bo rounded up and compelled to participate in the agony now suffered by
tho working cIobs alone. The only recompense in sight for them is a similar
participation in tho "dignity of labor,"
of which labor bnmboozIorH have babbled and the npostles of idleness touted,
us moro precious than gold, silver and
precious Htones. Whon all aro converted
to tho gospol of work, by that socialist
state that Kirkpatrick, likewise Samuel
Gompers, has in mind, and are elevatod
tn the condition of dignified beatitude
now so painfully enjoyed by flat'
chested, knock-kneed, stiff-jointed, blis
tered, calloused and work-scarred victims of the same gospel, gold, silver and
precious stones will, no doubt, be loft to
the dustman. Anyhow, that sort of
trash never did soem to fit in with the
"dignity of labor." About the sole redeeming feature of this "everybody
ought to work" scheme is its impartiality. All must suffer the penalty. In
that respect it should appeal to overy
"lover of justice" and the woods arc
full of them these days.
* * *
It is time this infernal "gospel of
work" was cut out. It is the gospel of
ruling class hell, well calculated to so
dull the sensibilities of tho slaves as to
make it possiblo for tho masters to keep
on frying tho fat out of them, without
danger of their jumping off tho griddle.
Work is only for slaves. That is what
slaves are for. Slaves were invented
for that purpose. Work must have been
especially designed to fit thoir case. The
slave lives to work nnd suffer. All other
uniiiiulo things live to piny and enjoy.
Out upon this accursed gospel of work.
We have had too much of it all down
ihe ages. It has never brought anything but agony to thoso who have beon
its victims, and it hns beon the cause of
widespread debnuchory and profiigacy
upon the pnrt of thoso who hnve not.
Because one part of human society has
been doomed to work, another has boon
afforded the opportunity of living without feeding itself. Onc has worked itself into misery, the other has sucked
itself into a vulgar and debauched parasitism. This misery upon one hand and
vulgar parasitism upon the other, are
twin fruits of the much-lauded gospol of
work. It is safe to say that fully one-
half of the labor of tho world today is
expended uselessly. That is it satisfies
ao real human requirement, although it
may be necessary to the continued operation of the slave driving processes of
civilization. But that is not a human
requirement. It is a ruling class requirement. It represents an absolute
waste of energy, as far as tho workers
are concerned. But it is strictly in accord with the precious gospel of work.
May we, somehow or other be saved
from any further extension of that gospel. If work is to be the penalty of
our salvation from the present order,
we beg to be excused. Too much work
is inflicted upon us as it is now, but it is
still possible to occasionally escape from
torture through loss of a job, but oven
that is, evidently, to be denied us in the
sweet bye and bye, when the millenium
shall have been ushered in. Against
that we protest. We prefer to stick to
the evils wo now have, rather than fly
to others of the same kind only of vastly greater volume Every time we are
called upon to glorify work, it comes to
mind that whenever a judge deems it
necessary to deal out to a criminal a
particularly Bevere sentence, he invariably docs so by adding the words "at
hard labor." Then wc refuse lo glorify.
SOME SIR, OR LORD, or other title-
holder has informed the British employers of farm labor that they
must lay aside their prejudices against
the employment of female labor in the
conduct of farm oper-
MUST LAY ations.  It seoms that
ASIDE THEIR the chief and most
PREJUDICES, importnnt European
industry of the present time, thnt is tho converting of masculine animals of the "genus homo,"
into fertilizer and distributing the same
over Wide stretches of terirtory, has so
depleted tho labor market of male workers thnt it has become nccossary to resort to tho omploymont of large numbers of females in industrial and farming operations. It comes somowlint as a
surprise to learn that any British employer now lias, or evor had amy prejudice against employing nny sort of
labor, regardless of sex, color, age, or
other limitations. Tho only reason fur
prejudice, against any class of labor,
that might stand a show of finding lodg
ment in the breast of any British em
ployer now has, or over had nny preju
the prejudice that would urise because
of its higher cost. It is doubtful if any
thing could plant a prejudice, arouse an
emotion, or stir a scntimont in the
breast of tho avorage employer of labor,
whether of the British, or uny other
breed, unless it possessed an intimate
relation with tho lodger und cash book,
As it is not likely that female labor will
be paid any higher wages than has formerly boon paid to males, it may rea
Bonably bo hoped that ull prejudice will,
eventually, bo broken down. Of course,
wo ull know thut women can he ami
will be compellod to work for less wages
than men, and this will hasten thc elimi
nation of all prejudice against their cm
ploy ment.
* * *
A most pronounced increase in tho
number of children employed in industrial operations, ob a consequence of
this war, is also of striking significance.
This will, no doubt, have a tendency to
break down such prejudice as may havo
boen entertained by employers ngainBt
the employment of child labor in tlieir
industries. Everybody nt all familiar
with tho history of capitalist industry,
fully understands just how strong that
prejudice has ulways been. Then again,
many parents have been possessed of a
stubborn antipathy against tho grinding
of their children into profit for capitalist employers. Some have boon foolish
enough to believe that children, oven up
to tho ago of puberty, ought to be allowed to waste timo by going to school,
and somo are ao lost to all consideration
of capitalist nood for profits afl to bo
actually in favor of allowing them to
waste time in play. Happily, however,
these prejudices and arftipnthies are boing wiped out, in this glorious proccBS
of affirming twontloth century civiltza-
tion aud culture, that Is being so successfully accomplished in Europe, under
the direction of a world ruling class
gone mad. By the time this delightful
performance ends all prejudice against
tho employment of female labor will
have ended. Women will bo in all occupations and ahe will be there to stay.
The same, with regard to child labor,
will obtain. Child labor will displace
the labor of women, wherever it can
mure profitably bo used, just as tho
lnbor of women will havo supplanted
Umt of men. All prejudice against such
innovations will vanish iu the cruciblo
of this world holocaust.
* # *
if the survivor of war returns from tho
trenches, where ho haa most nobly defended hiB country and fought valiantly
to preservo it for his musters, their heirs
and assigns, forovermore, still obBessefl
with a prejudice against boing crowded
out of industry by the lubor of women
and children, this will, no doubt, bo
knocked out of him by tho club of a pei'-
haps bitter, though useful, experience,
Whatever lubor may come into tho market and establish its right to bo there
becauso of its cheapness, will remain
thoro in Bpito of all tho silly prejudices
that may spring up against it. If it is
found during tho period of this war
that the labor of women and children
can better satisfy tlie profit require
ments of supital than that of men, the
latter may rest assured of tho privilege
of remaining in the industrial background, whethor they like it or not.
Thero is, already, evidence of an uncertainty amongst male workers us to
whether employers will return to tho
employment of men, after the war. In
referring to thiB fear among workers
that the conditions of labor prior to the
wur will not return, thc Sun of this city,
editorially sends forth the following
beam of consolation to the affrighted
sons of toil: "There is no basis for this
£eur, If man is not able to meet the
competition of female labor, he does not
deserve the supremacy which he is apt
to claim. That, however, doos not alter
the situation. In Great Britain, women
have taken the places of men in a vuri-
oty of occupations, thus releasing tho
men for service at tho front. Already
there are more women than men in the
eountry, so that unless employers return
to the eld syBtem after tho war, there
will be thousands of men unemployed."
There you have it and with a brutal
frankness that could only come from
one illy-equipped to fill the editorial
chair of a sheet whose sole misBion ia to
cover the nakedneas and oxcuse the
ahameleaanosa of capitalist exploitation
and torture of the working class. If
the workers hud uny prejudice against
their undoing, prior to this war, it
should bo removed by the time it is finished. It is a pity they could not have
been enlightened by thc Sun's editorial
shine in timo to have savod them the
shock they will receive upon returning
from the wur, only to find themselves
Pariahs in the industrial wilderness. If
they cannot stand up in competition
against women and children, let them
go down without prejudice.
It is said that mines hnve been picked
up in the North Sea recently, inscribed
with the words, "Christ has risen."
Had a ship struck one of them, it is
more thun likely that hell would also
have popped up.
"The labor problem is neither n sex
question, a class question nor a race
quostion," suys an exchange. Certainly
not, cortuinly not. It is merely a slave
problem, and none but tho slavos have
any interest in solving it.
'' What Labor expects from the
courts." Thus reads the caption to an
article iu tho Americnn Federationist,
by John P. Frey. But why go further!
Surely from past experience, everybody
not only knows what Labor may, with
absolute certainty "expect from the
courts," but also where it will got it.
Every timo organized lnbor achieves
a victory it not only raises the status
of the union man and his family, but of
tho non-union man nnd his family as
well. And on thc other hand, when a
non-union man tnkea another worker's
place and crushes the union, it lowers
the stutus of all workingmen, non-union
and union, who sharo the degradation
of labor.
The man who carrioB a union card he
does not respect, or wm. makes no effort' to get others to join hiB union, or
wno stays away from i-c meetings of
his union without a good reason, or who
shirks any duty he owes his union, or
who buys non-union goods whon ho can
get the union kind, is as useloss to his
union as a goose in an ostrich farm.—
West Virginia Federatioaist.
"That the possibilities of the .union
label are moro fully recognized by the
onemioB of lnbor than by tho organized
toilers thoro can be but little doubt.
A fow daya ago ono of these employers snid: 'You folka do a lot of boasting nbout tho power you possess—and
you do really possess tremendous
power—but you are unable to moke
intelligent uso of it. Your averago of
mental equipment ia too low, and personal pelflshness too predominant. I
know whnt I am talking nbout, becauso
I wns n member of a union myself.'
How much of this man's criticism fits
your case? Are you n Belflsh shirker
or n truo trade unionist? You may bo
able to deceive others about thia matter, but you can not dodge your own
conscience."
Thc reckless abandon with which the
tools of American capitalism are forcing
tho yoke of military despotism upon tho
necks of the workerB, has just been convincingly demonstrated in tho State of
Now York. Fivo vicious military bills
wore passed nt the recent sitting of the
state legislature, nnd have received the
governor's signature, that makeB every
able-bodied male between the ages of 18
and 45 subject to draft into the militia
at any time tho governor may see fit.
Service therein is compulsory. All children over the age of eight must accept
"physical training" under the supervision of a military commission, and
boys between 16 and 19 yeara of age
must undergo military training, whether
thoy or thoir parents liko it or not. No
more bold and reckless move has ever
been mnde to enthrone upon this western continent thut beast of military reaction and savage brutality that is now
tearing so viciously at tho vitals of
Europe.
Giving The Fed. a Boost.
Whon you are through with this pnper
tako it along on your way to work and
leave it on the car seat. Hand a copy
to your acquaintances now and then.
Among your friends und fellow workers are many who would appreciate n
certain article. Mark tho item for
thom; thoy will enjoy rending it. Thousands never had a copy of this paper
to read. You can place every copy
whero it will find new readers. Don't
destroy this copy, but pass it on.   ***
■:*mmmtamsiv>
£0tfe£
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is good to the last drop—
Your Grocer Has It
Howe Sound Trip
Bouts leaving Union Dock Daily
nt 9:15 a. in. Sundays at 10:30
a. in., calling at Bowon Island,
Britannia Minos, Mill Creek and
Squamlsh. Returning nt 7 p. m.
Sunday Special, $1 Round Trip
Terminal Steam
Navigation Co., Ltd.
Seymour 6330
W. R. OWEN
Malleable   Ranges,   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware;  screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
1. B. CUTHBERTSON & Oo.
Men 'a Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Established 1004
VINEGAR
PICKLING
Wo operate our own distillery
at New Westminster, where our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making are prepared with
great care from the beBt solectod
grains thnt monoy can buy.
Don't forget when ordering
from your grocer to ask for the
B. O. article.
B.C.
Vinegar Works
1365 POWELL STBEET,
VANCOUVER, B. O.
Telephone High. 286
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, I. D
U. 13. W. of A.—Meets first And third lion*
joy ot each montb, Room 302, Labor Tomplo
n ";'"'„prSlld".?'. A* By*"*; secrotary, Chns'.
*-** Austin, 7112 Seventh nvonuo oast
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. JM
moots room 206. Labor Temple every
, ,«°od,,i 8 p.!"' Pr««'*l™'. r>. W. MeDonnlL
1162 Powell atreet: recording aoeretarr,
S'~ •."]'?• \*°™ T"»P'»! «nanelal aeore*
■KLni. b.M!nMl, I'M, E. H. Morrison.
Room 207, Labor Temple.
'•"■a^ATIpKALlisaiSoMMBH'8 AS*
ni.«„S.0SWAL»l9l 8862* °"«. Aaioclatlon boll, 10 Powell atreet. Meeta every
Sunday, 2:30 p.m. Thomaa Nlion, aeeretar/.
MACHINISTS. NO. 182—MEETS SEOOND
t iu"? '™"a "iM*1-* «' 8 P***** President,
J. Mclvor; recording eecretary, J, Brookes;
flnanclal secretary, J. H. MoVety.
MILK WAGON DRIVERS' UNION, No. 96—
Meets second ond fourth Thursdaya, Labor
SSVySj P*ni, President, George Anderson,
iiiSn o ,*'*W'"''J «*™<.t; Phono Fairmont
1720*0. Secretary, Stanley Tiller, 312 Elgb*
teenth street west; phone Fairmont 763L
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
SAVE ALL BOYAL OBOWN COUPONS AND WBAFPEBS
THEY ABE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MEETS
firat and third Thursdaya. Executive
hoard: James H. McVety, president; R. P.
Pettipiece, vice-president; Helena Gut*
toridge, general aeeretary, 210 Lahor Tomple;
Fred Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill.
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A.
.1. Crawford, Jos. Campbell, J. Brooka, true*
teea.       *
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL —
Meets   socood   Monday   In   the   month.
President, J,  McKinnon;  sercotary,   R.   H.
.Neelands, P. 0. Box 60.
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 676.—OOlce
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets firat
Sunday of each month. Preaident, Jamea
Uainphell; financial secrotary, H. Davis, Bex
'?*■! Phona, Soy. 4752; recording aocrBtary,
Win. Mottlsbaw. Globe Hotel, Main Btreet
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATION-
al Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays in tho month,
room 206, Lubor Temple. President, L. E.
1 lorritt! socretary, S. H. Grant, 004 Georgia
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
—Meets overy 1st and 3rd Tunnrtav
8 p-m., Room 307, President H. P. Wand;
corresponding socretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
63; nnanclal secretary, W. J. Pipei; bualneas
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 216.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Holpora of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meets
Ilrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenuo weat:
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Btreet.
D^E.P,JP? FISHERMENS UNION OF THE
PACIFIC—Moots at 437 Hore avenuo overy
TucBday,  7 p.m.    Russell Kearley, bualneaa
agent.
_L
M0VS2    PICTURE    MACHINE    OPERA-
...i t .YP'„M' °*—Me°t> 8r"' Sunday of
eaoh month, Room 204, Labor Temple.
aSSW*, S' F' "oOartnoy; Business
Agent. E. J. Huttlemayer; Financial and Corresponding Socretary, H. C. Roddan P. 0.
tins 345,
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
AMKRICA—Vancouver    nnd    vicinity—
■ ranch moots second and fourth Mondays,
Room 20o, Lnbor Tomplo. President, Ray
MoDougall. 601 Seventh nvcuue west; tnin-
col secrotary, J. Campbell, 4809 Argyle
VJSS'L1™"'''"!. aeoretary. E. Westmoreland,
™1**_L0W  street:   piiini,*   Bayviow  2098L.
I'K,!mn^(?.,1'1.,ESSlll!X'S •"»■-«■ (VAN^
COUVER), No. 09—Meets second Toes-
oSon ■&'"" Ro("" 2M* President, W. Bell
---ll tine street; secretary-treasurer, B
Waterman, 1167 Georgia street; recording
secretary,   w.  Shannon,   1730-28th   avenue
S™Wf^r^ECTlt.° RAILWAY"™*
PLOYEES, Pioneer Division, No. 101-
Moota Labor Temple, second and fourth Wed*
u"<S If, Z:3° ",74 8 P-,n* p™»ldent, W.
«» !!,,i m1 recording secretary, Jas. E. Grif.
tin, 166 Twenty-fifth avenuo east; financial
socretary and bualness agont, Fred A.
Hooter, 2409 Clark drlvo.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
a i ■ « RI,0A' Loc»* No* 178—Meetings
held first Tuesday In eaeh month, 6 p.m.
President Francis Wllllnms; vlco-prosldont,
JItss H. Outterldge; recording boo., 0. McDonald, Box 508; financial secretary H.
Nnrdlanj, P. 0. Box 503.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO~226^:
Meets last Sunday of each month at 2
P*m*.. Presidont, R. Perm. Pettlplece; vlco-
prosldont, W. S. Metsger; aecrotarytroaaurer,
K. H. Neelands, P. 0   Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B, C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Moots
in annual convontion in January. Executivo officers, 1016-17: President, Jab. H. Mc-
Vety; vieo-presidents — Vnncouver, John
Brnoks, E. Morrison; Victoria, 0. Sivertz;
Now WoBtininstor, W. YatoB; Princo Rupert,
\V. B, Thompson, P, 0. Box 158; Rossland,
H. A. Stewart; District 28, U. M. W. of A.
(Van couver Island), W. Head; District 18,
U. M. W. nt A. (Crow's Nest Vnlloy), A. J.
Curler. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8. Wells, P.
0. Box 15,18, Vlcioria, B. C.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meets first and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Govornment stroot, at 8
|i. in. President, 0. Taylor; secrotary, P.
HoMridgo, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0."
NEW WESTMINSTER
BARTENDERS' INTBRNATIONAL LEAGUE .
of America, local 784, Now Westminster.
Moots second Sunday of oach month at 1:80
p.m.    Secretary, F. W, Jameson, Box 496.
SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING REGULATIONS.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, tho Northwoflt Territories and
in a portion of tho Provinco of British Columbia, may be leased for a torm of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 2,560 aeres will be leased to one
applicant.
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant in person to the Agont or Sub-Agent
of the district ln which tho rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and tn anaurveyed territory the
tract applied for ahall be staked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fco of 15, which will be refunded If the
riphts applied for are nm available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish the Agent witb sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should bo furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will Include the eoal mialng
rights only, but the lossee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may bo considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate or flO tn tore.
For full Information application ahonld In
made to tho Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. H. CORY.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—30890
RENNIE'S SEED!
HEADQUARTERS FOR SEEDS, PLANTS.
BULBS AND SHRUBS
SEYMOUR 8550
Wm. RENNIE Co., Limite
1 18 HOMER ST.    --    VANCOUV F.
cKA> Of America
COPYRIGHT &TRAPE HARK REGISTERED 1903
Vote against prohibition I Demand personal liberty in chousing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Alo or Porter, sb a guarantee that it Ib Union Mado. This Is our Label
The Provincial Prohibition
Referendum Places a
Premium on the Sending
of Money Out of British
Columbia for Products
Now Manufactured
Here.
Ssc. 57. Olause 2: " Nothing in this Act shall he construed
to Interfere with the right of any person to import FROM
WITHOUT THE PROVINOE liquor for honafide use in
his private dwelling house."
Tho meaning of the nbovo clause is thnt tho man who
has money at his command may secure all the liquor ho
desires for his private use by sending out of the provinco
for it.
IB SUCH AN ACT FAIR FOR THE INDUSTRIES   OF   THB   PROVINCE   AND    THE
WORKMEN NOW EMPLOYED IN THESE
ESTABLISHMENTS'? PBIDAY, MAY 26,1916
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA1 FEDERATIONIST
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
GOOD MALT and HOPS,
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
THE BREWING of CASCADE   BEER   is   the
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
THE  PRINCIPLE   OF
TEMPERANCE
is good—be temperate ip
all things.
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
A FOOD AND DRINK IN
ONE FOR SALE AT ALL
DEALERS
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
VANCOUVER
BREWERIES LTD.
.«
^sa^JfOl*
BREWED i»yV
HOTEL &FM"tV
/A
y^BREtHtW*
VANCOU!/**.***' '
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
MANUFACTURED  BY THE
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
VANCOUVER and VICTORIA
TEMPERANCE
ia good for all mon; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for some
men. The total abstainer has no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
tho abstainer to drink what' he neither likes or chooses by forco of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
brands.
BRITANNIA, PALE
OR
PREMIER
WESTMINSTER BREWERY
LIMITED
A. E. SUCKLING & CO. LTD.
VANCOUVER DISTRIBUTORS
ASK FOR
B. C. Special
RYE
Whisky
Nine Years in Wood
UNSURPASSED
IN QUALITY
AND FLAVOR
Established 1903
IN REALM OF PEACE
PLENTY
Labor Is in Rebellious Mood
Throughout the Great
Republic
PAGE THREE
Miserable Labor Conditions
Responsible for the
Outbreaks
THE UNITED STATES of America
is, at thc present time at peace with
all tho rest of the world. The only rift
in the lute is the small matter of the
punitive expedition now in Mexico in
quest of the oliisivo Villa. Lest any
reader should bo led away with thc notion that the Great Republic is not the
land of plenty, we beg leave to mention
that the iucomc of all the people of
that country, for the year of 1914, according to Basil M. Manly, an American investigator, amounted to forty-six
billions of dollars. Presumably no one
will doubt that the yoar 1915 was equally prolific, if not moro so. At present
there is everything to warrant that
1916 will prove fully as good. Now
forty-six billions of dollars, divided
among one hundred million people,
would amount to the tidy little Bum of
$4(50 for each person. At the average
of live to each family, this should mean
ii family income of $2300. Any country,
therefore, that affords such generous returns as that for producers of wealth,
may justly bo termed a lnnd of plenty.
But whether those figures arc correct or
not, of ono thing we may be certain, and
that is, that in no country of tho earth
is it possible to produce such an enormous volume of wealth with the samo
expenditure of human labor, as in the
United States. At leaBt it is not yet
equalled in any other land.
Unrest and Brutality.
As to the condition of the working
people, the producers of wealth of that
country, however, there is much to indicate that something \s radically
wrong with tho nationul arrangement of
things. Never was industrial unrest
more pronounced and widespread, than
at present. Never was tho temper of
tho workers more threatening to tho interests of the ruling class. This unrest,
this disposition to open rebellion against
employers and musters, is not confined
to any one section of the industrial field.
There are outbreaks occurring all along
the line. In and around the city of
Pittsburg, Pa., the heart of the iron and
steel industry, the situation has become
very acute. The strike of tho employees
of the Westinghouse company's plant at
East Pittsburg was speedily followed by
those of other concerns, until the entire forco of tho various Westinghouse
plants and others aggregating over 100.
000 workers, were out. A largo number
of concerns wore affected, all through
the Pittsburg district nnd thousands of
workers besides those actually involved
wero drnwn into closer and more active
sympathy with tlieir fellows who were
thus struggling against the common enemy. It is almost needless to state that
the usual high-handed and brutal methods were resorted to by the masters, in
order to cope with tlie situation, for
that is always a foregone conclusion.
Ia fact there is no other course the masters can pursue. Tho Homestead tactics of 1892, were repented. The Steel
('orporation, recognizing that the men in
its Edgar Thompson works, a. Carnegie
branch at Brad dock, were going out, at
once proceeded to import Coal and Iron
Guards from Gary, Ind. On May 2,
theso armed guards, tlmgs, special policemen and (ietectivofl poured volley
after volley from riot guns and repeating rifles into the ranks of the strikers
and sympathizers—men, women nnd
children—killing three, fatally wounding three others nnd seriously wounding
from forty to sixty more. Following
this open violence, tho legal machinery
of the courts was colled into activity to
put tho wrong persons in jail. Many of
tho more prominent of the lenders of
these rebels against capitalist extortion,
wero thrown into jail and kept there
without bond nnd without trial. But
why recount the proceedings! They are
familiar to nil who have followed tho
history of Labor's experience in its
struggle with its capitalist overlords, in
tho "land of the free and the home of
the brave,'' since tho star spanglod
trade mark of American products and
trade was first flung to tho breeze.
Home Life of Worker,
Some of the immediate reasons for
tho Pittsburg outbreak may bo found in
the conditions disclosed through an inquiry recently conducted under thc direction of thc secretary of the Christian
Social Service Union of thc 500 Protestant churches of the Pittsburg district.
Just why this particular aggregation of
pious effort saw lit to make the investigation, or what it proposes to do nbout
tlio interesting conditions uncovered
thereby, we have no means of knowing.
Ono thing, howover, wo may rest assured will never be nttempted by this,
or any other Belf-appoinlod social saviors of the working class, and that is tho
overthrow of the baneful syflt'em of
property and exploitation that
makes such conditions not only
possible, but inevitable. According to
a report of the findings of the "Union"
in question, and which has reached this
offico through tho courtesy of the Committee of Industrial Relations, Washington, D. C, there is a portion of the city
of Pittsburg, comprising .57 of a square
mile, which is known as "the Strip."
It lies in tho very heart ot the city, and
may quito properly bo termed a residential district of the working class. No
Pittsburg millionaires dwoll therein. A
little more thnn one-half of the "Strip"
is occupied by great industrial plants.
The balance iB exclusively residential.
Within tho loss thnn one-fourth square
milo loft for dwellings for tho workers,
the investigation founoTmore thnn 15,-
000 persons living. In ono half-block
wore found 43 industrial "homes," of
which 32 kept boarders. In 32 houses,
containing 177 rooms, thore were 110.
members of the several families, and 174
men boarders—a total of 384 persons in
177 rooms. Eight families, each family
living in threo roomB and keeping boarders, averugod two persons to a room.
From January 1 to Sept. 15, 1915, tho
average rate of wages paid to the men
living in that hnlf-block was $10.40 nor
week, but as they wore given employment but four-ninthB of the time, the
average pay receivod by them was $4.66
per week. These are But Bnmples of the
conditions surrounding millions of the
workers in that land of plenty, even
during times of peace, under the glorious regime of capital and its scheme of
exploitation and world trado. The only
difference in conditions for fhose workers during these war times is that they
now have a little more steady employment. Their misery may be a trifle less
acute, for the time being, but they have
no assurance of being able to retain
even that slight advantage, It may be
swept away at anjr moment through the
vicissitudes of capitalist production and
trade. That the workers still have
enough spirit left in them to revolt is
one of the most cheering signs of the
times;
Chins Must Be Spiked,
May that spirit persist and grow
stronger ench day, and may the workers
becomo so imbued with class instinct and
class solidarity, as to direct their efforts
to th'e end of ousting their capitalist
rulers from the control of industry and
thus break the bonds that now fetter
thc hosts of Labor to such brutal exploitation and shameful conditions of
life. That is a task requiring a wider
scope of activity and a more intelligent
line of action than merely occasional
outbreaks of blind rebellion against industrial tyranny and oppression. It
calls for uncompromising and sustained
attack upon the very buttress and bulwark of ruling class power nnd privilege. It demands uncompromising and
unceasing warfare along partisan lines
of working clasa interests, for the complete conquest of government and the
spiking of its guns that are now so remorselessly used for the purpose of perpetuating the enslavement of Labor and
the crucifixion of the world's toilers
upon the Calvary of profit nnd trade.
Its legislative, judicial nnd executive
machinery, backed by the soldier with
his bnyonpt and the policeman with hiB
club, constitutes the artillery in question, and which must be spiked before
there can be peace and plenty for thoy
who produce the wealth of the world,
either in the United States or elsewhere.
Until then, struggle and misery, and
agony and travail will continuo to be
the portion of the workers, in times of
alleged peace aa well as in times of war.
If is useless to cry out for peace, in the
midst of a regime of slavery. Slavery
renders peace impossible. Let us never
forget that our class is an enslaved
class, and must so continue as long as
the means of production remain as capital and tho toilers as wage workers.
BETUBNS TO FXBST LOVE
"Billy" Mac Adams Again Bucking the
Fortunes and Misfortunes of Mining.
Many old-time Kootenaians will remember Wm. Mac Adams. So, too, do
many of his Vancouver friends in the
printorial, newspaper and Labor world.
"Billy" is now interested in the butterfly life of the mystic mining camp
—this time in the copper fields of the
northern country, east of Prince Rupert. *ere's what Editor W. B. Wilcox
of the Trail Nows has to say of him:
" 'Billy' MacAdams in yearB agone
conducted the lively weekly called the
Paystrcak at Sandon, when that Slocan
metropolis waB a booming burg. He
was a fearless writer, hitting right and
left and permitting the chips to fall
where they might—and it got him into
jail once for contempt of court. Later
he migrated to Edmonton, and was the
chief 'push' for a daily called The
Capital, for several years, till the wnr
put tho final touch to what was left after the collapse of the realty boom,
Now, at last, 'Billy' is tho promoter and
manager of a real mine in upper British
Columbia, and one would bo safe in
making a wager that ho will make more
in n couple of years mining than he
would all his life as a bloated newspaper proprietor. For, be it known to the
uninitiated, that a newspaperman's Ufe
iB far—vory far—from being one continuous round of beer and skittles."
Help the Barbers' Union,
Of all callings, probably none is subjected to such unfair competition as
the barbers are forced to meet, Fake
"barber colleges" in many cities do
tonsorial work free, in ordor to
"teach" the trade to prospective barbers, Then there are innumerable five
and ten-cent shops conducted by
Asiatics. Within recent years "lady
barbers" havo invaded the field, attracting to their "parlors" many silly
patronB, both young and old. There
iB only ono way in which practical help
may do rendered: Patronize no barber
shop that does not employ union barbers. Look for tho shop card.
"To a man life is a banquet at which
women nre the flowers, kiBses the wine
and work the solid food; to a woman
love is the wholo feast, and when that
is finished there is nothing left but tne
black coffee of regret and the sweet
liqueur of memory."
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
LET THE
Hillcrest Dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
Valley.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS TO
FAIRMONT   1934
TEe Hillcrest Dairy
131 FIFTEENTH AVE. WEST
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
1 -\\%fr\l\mm\ Miners
Leckie Boots arc made for
hrad work—any kind—nny-
where—
In the mine—on the farm—
in    the    woods—over  the
hills—there's     a     Leckie
Boot   to meet the   condi
tions.
Every    known     condition
that  puts  footwear   to   a
severe test has been met in
the Leckie Boot.
Men and Boys about town
will be glad to know also
that    thc    Leckie   Street
Shoes    carry    the    same
Leckie standnrd   of vnlue,
only of course aro modelled
for city use.
At All Shoe Dealers
Madtjn British Columbia
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the  Union  Stamp are
always Non-Union.
BOOT ft SHOE WOBKERS' UNION
240 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
PITHER & LEISER, LTD.
WHOLESALE
WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS
VANCOUVER
VICTORIA, B.C.
RBPRRSENTINO- ,
0, H. Mumm & Oo., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whiiky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whiiky
White Book, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Oaraegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
Q. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, Sauternei and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Milk Users!
ARE YOU STILL SUPPORTING A NON-UNION
DAIRY?
OUR DELIVERY SYSTEM COVERS ALL TERRITORY SOUTH OF FALSE CREEK, WEST OF
BRIDGE, TO THE FRASER RIVER
SOU-VAN MILK
Fairmont 2624 Fairmont 2624
BeaC0IISfi e 1 d III    What about Hot Water
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
"BIG HORN" BRAND
UNION
MADE!
WHY NOT WEAR THE BEST ON THE MARKET?
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, MACKINAWS
TENTS,'ETC., ETC. \
GIVE YOURSELF SATISFACTION ANO A BRITISH COLUMBIAN:
INDUSTRY YOUR PATRONAGE BY USING THIS SUPERIOR BRAND
Chinese- made Skirts ^Overalls
MUST GOf
iRNBRAND^^
BUTTING AHEAD.;
SOLO BV AU THE LEADING STORES
Turner, Beeton a Co., Ltd.  Victoria,'B. Cy
" WHOLESALERS ANO M.NUr.CTVAEAS ,
when your furnace lays
up for the summer?
D
A Gas
Water Heater
is the only
solution
□
Don't fret; Summer WILL come.
It never failed to come yet and you'll
want to have hot water just the same
as in winter for washing and
other things.
Carrall and Hastings       Phone Seymour
1138 Granville Near Davie     5000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBipAY, MAY 86, 1916
Shirts For Men
98c7
Values to $3.50
to Sell for
—the greatest shirt sale
ever inaugurated in this
city. They are samples-
no two alike, but include
almost every kind of shirt
for men, made negligee
{j&£*\styles—sport styles, etc.,
£/etc, and every shirt well
made, and in perfect condition—all sizes. Special
for 98c
MOhrButlson'sBauCompanj). m
J mcMwuTcn   tern      hmbcrt t aitaaiSot. it-wii continue.!* \ ^_F
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Most Popular Moving Picture House in Vincouver
REX THEATRE
25 Hastings St. West, near Carrall Street
First Vancouver Bun of AU
"Triangle" Pictures.
"Triangle" Pictures Are tlie
World's Best Films.
MONDAY, TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY
MAT 29, 30, 31
Jordan is a Hard Road
Fatty and the Broadway Stars
THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
JUNE 1. 2, 3
Martyrs of the Alamo
Her Painted Hero
Entire change of programme for latter part of the week.
ADMISSION
Matineo (to 6 p.m.)   10c Children (all the timo) 5r
Evenings IBo Boxes (all the time)  25c
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capital $15,000,000        Best 113,500,000
Main Ofllce:   Oorner Hastings and Granville Streeta, Vancouver
OITT BRANCHES LOCATION
ALMA ROAD Cor. Fourth Avenue ind Alma Rotd
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. First Avenue and Commercial Drlva
EAST END Cor. Pender and Main Streets
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Qranvllle Street
HASTINGS and CAMBIE Cor. Hastings and Cambie Streets
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEABANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraier Road
Also North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
UNION IS STRENGTH
\W*H&.
I
When you recognize this aa a
fnct you will boost for the products of home industries by cutting out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
BUTTER, EGGS, LARD
BACON, HAM and SAUSAGE
Tho only government-inspected
plant in 8. O.
"NORTH BY WEST IN THE SUNLIGHT"
FREIGHT AND PASSENGER TBANSPOBTATION BY
UNION
STEAMSHIP CO.
OF B.C., LTD.
Camps are now open for commerce and pleasure
Our regular sailings touek at nil ports and camps up the const.
To Logging Camps and Canneries
During each week we go into every logging camp
and cannery up the B. C. coast.
Captains always willing to oblige by calling any
small ports for passengers and freight, on being
signalled.
Special Week-end Trips
On and after June 1 special week-end and season
rates to popular resorts will be in effect
Phone or call for particulars.
HEAD OFFICES and WHARF: UNION DOCK
Foot of Oarrall Btreet.
Take Oar to Columbia Avenue.       Phone Sey. 306
WL ELECTION OF
OFFICERS LAST
National Holiday Results in
a Very Small Vote
Being Cast
Installation of New Officers
to Take Place at Next
Sunday's Meeting
Owing to the foot thut tlio Onto foi
holding election of local und interna
tional officers of the Typographical
union fell on Wednesday, May 21, Em
pire Day, only a small proportion of tin
Vancouvor membership turned out tq
vote. A majority of the members took
advantage of tho holiday and wero
either out of town or with their families
visiting the mnny pleasure resorts adjacent to thc city.
ln the election of locul officers, Mr.
VI. II. Youhill defeated Mr. H. C. Benson in tho contest for presidency—Mr.
Youhill receiving 4!l voles and Mr. Benson 32, ' Mr. \V. E. Trotter wns elected
vice-president by neclnmntion, as wai
nlso Sccretnry-trensurer B, H. Neelands,
who sucooeds/himself in that position.
Out of a list.of ten candidates for the
executive committee, of which fivo wero
to be elected, Messrs. \V. S. Armstrong,
B. Fleming, J. Munro, ,T. J. Thompson
und W. H. Jordan wore tho successful
ones, und out of the same number of
cundidntC8 for delegates to the Trades
nnd Lnbor council, of which six were to
bo elected, Messrs. W. It. Trotter, W. S.
Armstrong, H. C. Benson, Geo. Bartley,
W. H. Youhill nnd H. L. Corey were
selected.
Vice-President Metzger und Mr. W.
R. Trotter were chosen ns delegntcs to
tho Internntionnl Typographical union
convention, to bo held, nt Baltimore this
yenr, nnd Messrs. H. h. Coroy nnd W.
Ii. Trottor ns dolegates to tho Northwestern Typographical conference.
The following offices wero nil filled by
acclamation, viz., nudit committee,
Messrs. 51. B. Archibald, M. D. Buchnn-
nn nnd J. E. Wilton; conciliation committee, Messrs. H. C. Benson nnd B. P.
Pettipiece; trustees, Messrs. H. O. Bon*
son, W. B. Trotter nnd Ueo. Wjlby;
reading dork, Mr'. J. E. Wilton; ser*
gonat-iit-nrms, Mr. C. H. Prosko; delegntcs to Allied Printing Trndes council,
Messrs. Geo. Bartley, E. C. Hartson and
E. H. Ncelnnds; delegates to Trades and
Lnbor Congress of Cnnndn, Messrs. H.
C. Benson nnd W. B. Trotter, und sick
committee, Messrs. W. 8. Armstrong, F.
W. Fowler, W. H. Jordan, W. C. Metz-
gor and A. Pelky.
.For internntionnl officers, President
Marsden G. Scott, Vice-President Walter W. Barrett nnd Agent Union Printers' Home Joe M, Johnson were reelected by acclamation. Tho result of
voting for other officers wns us follows:
For secretary-treasurer, present incumbent J. W. Hnys, (10 votes, W. E. Merritt, 20; delegntcs to Amerienn Fedora*
tion of Labor, Mr. Hugh Stevenson, 7ti
votes, Mr. Max S. Hayes 44, Mr. H. W.
Bennett 37, Mr. Frank Morrison 3U, Mr.
T. W. McCulIough 2(1 und Mr. U. B. Pit*
tinger, 12; delegates to Trndes nnd Lnbor Congress of Cnnndn, Mr. W. E. Trotter 70 votes, Mr. Samuel Hnddcn 10 and
Mr. James Drury 1; trustees Union
Printers' Home, Mr. Michael Powoll, 77
votes, Mr. Thomas McCaffrey, 40, Mr.
Malcolm A. Knock, 18, Mr. Jeromo V.
O'Hara IB, Mr. William Mounce 14 and
Mr. T. T. Nock 11. Out of u field of
thirty-four candidntes for I. T. U. auditors, of which threo were to be elected,
Mr. George A. Tracy, 43 votes, Mr. Fred
Barker, 31) and Alfred O. Phillips 27,
were the ones selected by Vnncouvor
union.
Tho nowly-clceted officers of No. 22(1
will bc installed at the regular monthly
moetifig to be held on Sundny next,
May 28. B. H. N.
STREET RAILWAYMEN
Double    Misfortune   Visits    Popular
Member of Pioneer Division.
Thero seonm to bo some truth in tho
statement that troubles como in a
bunch, Bro. Dun Robb hud the misfortune a short time ugo to full sick nnd
for four months was unable to earn
a cent, and now, to pile on the agony,
his home wns burnt, down n few days
ago. it is not known just how badly
this latest misfortune will effect Bro.
Rees, but it is certain that the boys
of Pioneer Division will rnlly to bis ab-
sistuncc.
The dairies that are unfair to the
Milk Wagon Drivers' Union are certainly acting up to their reputation. Wo
have direct evidence that theso unfair
firms are using contemptible methods
to obtain former customers. The Standard dairy is using its men (?) as tools
to inform thc consumers that tho
trouble is settled and thut the men are
buck to work again. Wc have seen
tIiih statement in writing and it can be
produced at any time. However, our
business agent is wutching pretty close
and will soon put a stop to such .low-
down work. Never mind what you are
told about, this strike being settled,
such is aot the case.
ihe B, C. Federationist certainly
came in for a lot of favorable comment when it attacked thc sugar combine. But what nbout the city coun
cilf They made a pretonsc of doing
something when the price of bread wus
raised. But tlio prico of sugar doos not
seem to interest them. Maybe they arc
too busy fighting over tho reduction
of the wages of the men who huve
grown old in tho service of the city.
Business Agent F. A. Hoover has
been busy for severul duys working on
tho voters' list. Bro. Uoover reports
good results and has succeeded in getting tho names of many of our members back in tho Hst. Brothers, it is
now up to you to Bfio that your name
is kept on the list. Don't forget when
you change your address next timo to
send a notlco.
While Conductor Lynch cannot ordinarily bo classed ns a star-gazer, he
got caught in tho act n fow nights" ago.
Jovial .1 nines was backing up his car
at the terminus and managed to get
tho trolley ropo around his nock. Whon
tho trolley loft the wiro Bro. Lynch
was lifted off his feet sovernl feet, but
hns recovered fully from his near
Lynch-ing ndventure.
Bro. Hugh Kennedy wns somewhat
pcoved on May 24 nt having to work
These Are
"Middy
Waist"
Days
And you will find that we
have provided ample assortments of the very best
styles for your choosing.
For instance:
An attractive middy waist
of fine white drill, made
with short sleeves, breast
pocket and1 neat sailor
collar, with Copenhagen or
navy blue braid trimming
at $1.00.
jt  #  j*
All good models in plain
white, striped or with colored trim m i n g s and
straight or Norfolk designs. A splendid assortment.
Six different styles in middy waists al $1.25 each.
Jl  jt -Js
Many other lines of middy
waists at $1.75, $1.85
$2.26 and up.
i&
ustnn
575 GRANVILLE STBEET
tho run allotted to him. Ho says his
run was changed so that he hardly
recognized it. Full particulars of this
particular outrage can bc had by applying to Bro. Kennedy. J. E. G.
PERCY WHITWORTH
A pioneer printer in tho person of
Percy Whitworth passed away nt St.
Paul's Hospital on Thursday, May 18,
1916, at fi:30 a. m. Tho deceased had
been ailing for a few weeks with pleurisy, but his most intimntcs did not realize how sick he really was, and tho-
news of his demise came as a shock
to his many friends and acquaintances.
The late Mr. Whitworth arrived in this
city with his parents in 1884. Ho served
a compositor on the Herald, News
and Advertiser before Vancouver's baptismal fire, end wns one of tho firo
heroes of 188(i. When tho Evening
World was launched by the late John
C. McLagan, Percy joined the stnff. In
May, 1889, ' he left for Seattle, and
held "cases" on tho Post-Intelligencer
.mi tho great lire occurred iu that
city thnt year. Since his youthful experiences he had travelled extensively
in tho western and const states, working nt one time on the Chicago Inter-
Ocean, and beat me one of the most
widely und favorably-known printers in
the West. llo recently arrived here
from Port Angeles, where he had been
employed on tho Herald of that city.
Mr. Whitworth was n charter member
of the local printers' union and was n
pioneer delegate to the Trades nnd
Labor Council. Of a retiring disposition nnd generous to n fault, he made
friends of nil whom he beenme acquainted with. Ho always nnmed Vancouver as his home town. Ho leaves to
mourn his loss two brothers ond three
siBters, namely, William, engineer of
the Nortli Vancouver ferries; Ernest,
of tho Seattle Times; Mrs. Lawson,
Mrs. G. Buscombe, both of Vnncouver,
and Mrs. D. MucmUlan of Calgary. Deceased was a native of Wales and was
nbout 45 years of age.
Tho funeral was held under the auspices of Typographical Union, No. 22(>,
on Saturday last, and was lnrge-
ly attended." Rev. IL 'G. King, of
St. Paul's Anglican Church, assisted by
Rev. Mr. Hughes, conducted the funeral
services nt the chapel and tho grave.
Tho pall-benrers wore John Bohle, W. S.
Armstrong, R. P. Pettipiece, F. W. Fowler, W. K. Shivlock and Georgo Bartley.
Interment took place in the family
plot nt Mountain Viow cemetery.
PLEASANT WEEK-END TRIPS
Union Steamship Oo.   Announces  Its
Special Summer Rates.
This week the Union Steamship Co.
announces, elsewhere in The Fod.,
special week-end trip rates to the most
populor summer resorts along tho Pacific coast. The backward weather of tho
past few months has made it possiblo
to moro appreciate the present ideal
summer climate, and theBe short excursion trips will bo taken full advantage
of by mnny. Tho low rates mnko it possible for hundreds of trade unionists
and their fricndB to take an outing in
tho "soft snlt-sea breezes of the briny
Pnciflc."
A man's memory proves that' it is
much easier to forgot whnt to remember
than to remember what to forget,
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Offlce and Chanel,
10J4 Granville Sl„ rhone Sey. MSB.
North Vancouver — Office and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
184.
BREWERY WORKERS'
APPEAL TO
Feel   That    the   Brewing
Industry Should Be
Exempted
Serious Matter to Add 500
More Unemployed to
Local List
pOR SIX YEARS to my knowledge
* the question of inducing maiiufnc-
turers to locate here has been more or
less ii live issue. We all know the results, or lack of them. Notwithstanding
that fact, the prohibitionist; would destroy ono of the principal industries of
thc community, the brewing industry.
Lot us look at this matter ns union
mon nnd wngo earners. Compare the
wages paid by the Vancouver Bretfery
and all tho other broweries in British
Columbia with any other industry in
the same territory. The employees arc
organized 100 per cent., which makes
for Btubility of working arrangements.
Tho average wngo works out at n fraction over $20 por week. Compare that
with tho much lauded lumber mill industry, in which 80 por cent, of the labor
employed is of oriental extraction, nnd
the avorage wago is something under
$1.50 per 10-hour day.
If by your action on election day you
force on the street nnd into an already
overcrowded labor market somo 5000
well-paid workors engaged in this and
allied industries, to competo for your
job, thereby tootling to lower your present scale of wages, you must accept
full responsibility for your action. Thc
men in tho brewing industry do not ro-
qulre to offer nny apology for their vocation or tho1 beverngo they manufacture. They know thnt beer, ns it is
manufactured in British Columbia, is
not only a very harmless stimulant, but
also one of the oldest, best and cheapest
of tonics.
Then ngnin prohibition is clnss legislation. The.moniod man who haB liis
wine cellar always well stocked, will
not suffer any inconvenience. It is the
working man who hns only got n few
cfents to spend nnd who should not be
depfivod of any luxury ho may havo access to with .the limited means nt his
disposal. Personally, I do not think
tho nverago prohibitionist; hns paid
much attention to tho sale of beer. Ho
hns confined his activities almost wholly
to rum, gin, whisky and other spirituous
liquor. But should prohibition como into
force next week, we would find that tho
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.   I
Men Who Want
STRAW HATS
Will Find Plenty of Them at
Spencer's
FINE ENGLISH STRAWS.—A light weight EngliBh sennit straw in a
lino bright braid, self conforming sweat bands, silk trimmings and
outside bunds.   Extra good vnlno at  ?1.76, 2.00 and $2.60
SPLIT STRAWS—Split straws nre light in weight nnti -s'oor well. Wo
show two popular shapes.   Prices  J1.75 and 52.00
SPECIAL BOATER $1.26—Thia is un English sennit and a spociol value
at our price. Nicely'trimmed, Russia leather sweats and black silk
bands. Price   $1.26
SOFT STRAWS—Por the mun'who docs not liko tho boater or hard
shaped hut we have throe good shupes in soft straws; a height of
crown und width of brim to suit all.   Prices  66c, 76c, $1,00
GARDEN STRAWS—Wide brim plain straws for garden or country
....wear.   Prices   20c. ond 26c.
MEN '8 LINEN HATS 50c.—Theso nro made in the regulation jmnuniu
shape, nicely trimmed.   Colors tan, grey and green  50c.
David Spencer Limited
I      DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
DAVID SPENCER, LTO.
salo. of whisky, etc., would go on as
merrily as ovor. (See Seattle) Owing
to its bulk, and that there being not
enough of monoy in it, tho salo> of bocr
would bo practically Btoppcd. According to latest official rcportB from tho
United Stntos, tho production of wins-
koy increased 1V_ minion gallons for
tho year ending Juno 30th last, notwithstanding tho fact that seven stntes hove
gono dry sinco July, 1915, whilo for tho
samo period, tho sale of beer decreased
1% million barrels.
Now, surely in face of this official evidence you can not pretend to believe
that prohibition really doos prohibit. It
is a popular error thnt a largo number
of peoplo that you can mako a man refrain from drinking by legislation. I
appenl to you to use your vote, irrespective of pnrty, to prosorvo for tho men in
the brewing and allied industries the
right to follow the vocation they hnve
spent tho best part of their lives iu.
R. N. MYLES,
First vice-president B. C. Workers'
Equal Rights Association.
President Marsh at Spokane.
E. P. Marsh, president of tho Washington State Federation of Labor, was
a visitor at the regular meeting of Spokane central council, last Monday evening. He arrived there from Walla
Walla, and will spend some time visiting unions in behnlf of the Initiative
campaign now under wny.
"'Tho wages of sin aro always
promptly.paid,' snys a philosopher; but,
dear mo, sometimes a womnn has an awfully hard timo collecting them."
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
10« GEORGIA STREET
One Blook weit ot Court Hoiua,
Uie of Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors free to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymour 2426
AROUE!
.jCtoNJONES
<3elu> frednoobaao.
Maple fp Leaf
Dairy
Dealers in high-grade
Milk and Cream
produced from tuberculin-tested herds and Pasteurized in the best-equipped
dairy on the Pacific Coast.
This milk is never touched by humanhands, and has stood the test in all bacteriological examinations as a safe milk at all times for children.
Delivered to your door
for 10 cents per quart
Milk,Cream,WhippingCream
and Butter Milk
OUR BUTTER MILK IS CHURNED, NOT SOURED SKIM MILK
WE ARE ALSO MANUFACTURERS OF
Butter of the Highest Quality
We Deliver in All Parts of the City by
\.\    Union Labor
We Boast of No Alluring Trophies, but Deliver the Goods
1935 Second Avenue West
PHONE BAYVKW 1417

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