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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 4, 1916

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Where Did Asquith Get the
"Pledge of Honor"
Biographical   Sketches   of
the Personnel of the
Holy Trinity
[By W.M.O.]'
ConBcrijition, partial conscription of
the " single slackers," may be considered an accomplished fact in Britain;
and what a howl of joy from the Mil-
ner-George-Carson-North cliffe combina-
Took It for Granted.
There was very litle pretenee made
that Derby's "voluntary" scheme had
fallen flat, or that there was an actual
shortage of the necessary material to
fill the gaps at the front, or provide for
contingencies: but a "pledge of honor"
had to be fulfilled, and there you are!
Who gave the premier permission to
make'this "pledge of honor" history
recordeth not, nor can it be found in
the pages of Hansard; but the plighted
troth^ a peered thing, much more than
the ten commandments.
About Industrial Conscription.
Assertions have been made by disreputable labor leaders and journalists
that the main idea is to procure industrial conscription, and thus put all labor opposition to the profiteering pilfering of the patriots down and out for
the count; but, of course, no sane per*
son Would believe such calumny of our
worthy pilots of the ship of state. Have
they not denied the allegations, and, as
the Irishman put It, proved the "alle*
gators" bosom friends of Judas ahd
Ananias, f Well, we shall see what we
shall see.
Th* Precious Trinity. -
A brief synopsis of the Milner*
George-CarBon-Northcliffe combination
may elucidate much to those personally
unacquainted with the gentlemen, Milner, born in Germany, was the organizer
of the South African campaign against
amall nationalities,
George ia the defender of liberty by
and- through the insurance and munitions acts. Carson is the modern St.
Patrick of the Emerald Isle, whose incantations are guaranteed to charm the
snakes of the Vatican from the land of
the Shamrock; and is the associate of
those who declared they were in negotiation with the German emperor during the Ulster campaign.
And NorthoUffe, well, he controls
fifty newspapers and magazines, and
has a deep and abiding love for the
workers, and their liberties, anl all tho
rest of it—we Bhould say not. Anyhow
here are a few opinions in regard to the
necessity of the action taken:
A Few Opinions Expressed,
Saturday Review, 21st Aug., 1915:
"National service is required as much
for the effect it will have upon miners
and munitions, as for the part it will
play in the actual raising of armies."
Spectator, 28th Aug., 1915: "Not
every man will be wanted as a soldier,
but. all will be ' fetched' to do what is
wanted of them, whether in work shops,
or government departments, or mines,
or merchant ships."
Lieut-Col. W. H. Maxwell, in the
Outlook, Sept., 1915: "Trade unionism
—that shelter for slinking shirkers—is
imperilling our existence, and by its action a rot of our national soul has set
in. Que remedy, and one alone, can eradicate this state of- rot—martial law
will cure it.''
"Our national soul" sure needs saving!
A Typographical Error,
The presB now report's that the
"Welsh rarebit" is now campaigning
for the "dilution of labor." This Ib
apparently a case of "printer's pie."
Should be ."Delusion of labor,"
Certain leading financiers and bankers have issued a statement declaring
that the one thing now needed to finish
the war is money. Very well, since the
"worst has now come to tho worst,"
with a heavy heart we submit to the
conscription of wealth.
While there have been many casualties among the lives lent to the atate,
there have been no casualties among the
sums of money lent to the state, In
fact, they wax exceeding fat with the
progress of time, and maturity.
Says the London Times, in relating
the capture of Kum, in Persia, by the
BusBians, it iB a place where "the population is much addicted to bigotry."
Ottawa, we are pleased to say, has escaped capture so far.
Working for a "dead horse" is a labor of love compared with working for
a total imaginary horse, and never getting out of debt.
The more the capitalist can. cut down
the .cost of production and the higher
he can raise the selling price of his commodities, the greater is the proflt. Their
business ideal, therefore, is '' nothing at
all" to the worker.
Toronto Joins the Big Procession for
■   Shorter Hours and Longer Pay.
The International Association of Machinists in Toronto is in a position to
enforce the fifty-hour work week, and
the union rate of wagea, says the Banner. Already fifty-three local establish -
ments have conceded the shorter workday, and will pay the recognized union
rate, of wages.
During the past week four of the
most important firms in the city were
signed up, and in two cases the men
had decided to lay down their tools on
' the following morning if their demands
were not complied with.
.      A. S. Wells to New Tork.
'Secretary-treasurer A. S;J Wells, of
the B. C. Federation of Labor, has gone
to New Yo^k in connection with the affairs of the Amalgamated Society section of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners.
Secretary, of New Westminster Trades
and Labor council and a delegate
from the Street Railway Employees''
union—Vice-president of B. C. Federation of Labor-—Royal City representative of The B, C. Federationist.
Railway and Tramway Men
WiU Amalgamate in a
Joint Union
Day of Craft Organization
Is Fast Coming to
Its Close
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Jan 14.—One
more link in the chain of big unionism
in Australia haB been forged.
An important move has been made
which will amalgamate the railway and
tramway men of Australia into one
union, each state becoming a branoh
with autonomous powers in itB own
looal affairs, the whole to be governed
by a council of representatives from
each state, which will direct the policy
of the union, with power to affiliate
with other units of the big union movement.
Headquarters at Melbourne. ...  .
The headquarters for the present, at
Melbourne, where for several days past
delegates have been in conference
drawing up tbe new constitution. The
matter has to go to the members for a
full vote on the matter, but I am em-
powered'to say here that the verdict
will be unanimous!
The only difficulty in the way is the
several Btate arbitration awards, but it
iB hoped that soon these will be consolidated. At any rate the council is now
in existence, and awaits only the mandate from the members, legal recognition and registration.
Ere long, it is safe to say, that every
state railway and tramway man will be
under the banner, of big unionism.
Australian Craft Union Dead.
With thiB consummated it will take
its place in the labor movement and by
its power and Influence speed the day
when democracy shall strangle the octopus of capitalism that today holds the
masses in its tentacles and deprives
them of the fruit of their industry.
The move by the railway and tramway men is full of purpose and progress, and it is welcomed by other bodies
of unionists in Australia. The big
union movement is surely growing, and
at no distant date we hope to be able
to say that Australia has over half-a-
miliion workers under the one big banner. The day of the craft union is past
in Australia.
Pungent Paragraphs by Correspondent
No. 101, A. A. of 8. and E. B. E.
Every week sees 'more enlistments
from our ranks. One of the latest is
W. Shankster, our bantamweight from
the barn department, who has joined
the D. C. 0. R. as a bugler.
The names of the tailors who were
successful in obtaining the contracts for
making the uniforms for tho next year
will probably be announced in a few
No person can accuse the conductors
of being too fresh any more. They
have boen standing in salt water ever
since the beginning of the cold spell.
Many of them are packing various
kinds of mats around with them for use
on the cars rather than stand several
hours; on' the wet floor. If, Foster 'b prediction regarding the weather this
month turn out correct, it's a cinch
that the division will have to provide
several wreaths. Maybe the Vancouver Auto Club will supply us with rub-
ber mats. '
Speaking about records. Bro, Beattie
holds the moat unique. He has. seven
brothers-in-law at the front. Bill evi- j
dently believes in Bending his wife's)
relatives first, and "tho cynic at our
elbow" remarks: "J-UH come pretty
near joining the 72nd himself—once."
The division donated $100 to the
Danbury Hatters. This is very unsatisfactory to some of the memberB, who
claim the educational" value of the appeal is lost through not making individual donations. Another good reason
why all hands should attend tho meetings and have a say in disposing of
division funds.
Month's Building Recdrd.
Tbi smallest month for building permits since the establishment of the civic
building department is recorded for
January this year. During tho month
only 18 permits were taken out and
these were for repairs amounting in
value to but $8315. In January, 1915,
there were 49 permits1 issued for a total
value of $48,525.
Ask Co-operation of Other
Branches to Secure
Better Conditions
Delegates Elected to Van-
couver Convention
Next August
VICTORIA, B. C., February 2.—
The letter carriers of Victoria are
asking the post office department for
several improvements in the conditions
of their employment. Loyal imperialists
as they are to a man, they do not intend
to permit the interests of their members
to suffer through any false sentiments
on the point of citizens' duty, or patriotism. The fact is that they feel that
the better the legitimate interests and
the obvious rights of the membership
is protected, a higher conception of citizenship and patriotism is developed.
This idea, having once taken hold, the
Victoria branch association goes right
ahead seeking to improve here and
strengthen there, as the occasion may
call for. Accordingly they are asking
the department, through their federal
executive, to grant holidays to the extra
men now working in the various ppst
offices throughout the Dominion, on the
same conditions as the annual leave
granted to the permanent carriers.
Every branch association will be communicated with on the subject, and
asked to take such steps as seem best
calculated to secure the object sought,
It is suggested that the postmasters in
the respective cities be asked to endorse the request to the department.
Want Priority System.
Another matter of Dominion-wide importance which the Victoria branch association is bringing to the attention
of the department, through the federal
executive, is the question of priority in
appointments, etc. The carriers wish
the department to adopt as a rule, a
method somewhat along the following
lines: Any vacancy among the permanent staff, or new position created by
extension of the service, to be filled by
the man who has been longest on the extra or waiting list. New appointees,
usually recommended by the members
of parliament,.for their respective cities
to be placed at the foot of the waiting
Election of Delegates.
The- last meeting of the branch decided to ask for several items in the
way of betterment, among which the
two subjects referred to above are the
more important. Election of delegates
to attend the bi-ennial convention of
the Letter Carriers' of the Dominion in
the city of Vancouver, next August, resulted in the selection of A. J. Bird and
Christian Sivertz, president and secretary respectively, with Bro. F. Hold-
ridge and G. Pretty, as alternates.
Six Terms as President.
Pres. Bird is a thrice-blssed man thiB
season. In the flrst place, he was elected as president of the branch association for the sixth time. He was also
elected a delegate to the general convention of the Federation for the second time, and just about tho same day
found himself in the very pleasant position of entertaining a blue-eyed young'
lady at his home, as a permanent
boarder.   Both are doing well.
Short,  Lively Meeting Last  Sunday
with Good Attendance.
The regular meeting of Vancouver
Typographical union was held on Sunday afternoon last. President Pettipiece was in the chair, and a good representation of the members was present. Ab only regular business was on
the table, the meeting was a brief one
—lasting only about forty-five minutes.
As evidence of the promptness with
which the mortuary benefit of the International Typographical union is paid
to the beneficiaries of it's members by
the head officers at Indianapolis, it .is
stated that within eleven days from
the time the local officers received the
documents proving death of the late
Lieut. R. P. Latta, who was killed on
active service in France, a cheque for
$400 was placed in the hands of the
executors of his estate. The local union
is paying the duos of all its members
who may enlist for military duty, and
is thereby guaranteeing to them and
their families all tho benefits of the organization.
During the past week, Mr. Joe Tylor
and Mr. Craig, of Nanaimo, passed
through Vancouver on their way to
Chicago. Mr. Craig just completed his
apprenticeship in the Coal City, and
Joe took him in charge as a travelling
Clarke W. ("Pat") Pettipiece, oldest son of President R. P. Pettipiece, a
two-third member of No, 226, and a
member of the Dally Province chapel,
is confined to the General hospital,
where he underwent an operation last
____*.^_—— %
Hospital Working Overtime.
Nurses in the Vancouver General
Hospital are working twelve hours and
more a day and are poorly paid considering tho work they are called upon to
do. The institution is full to overflowing, and is working short-handed. Sure-
ly the directorate could devise some
meana of placing the burden where it
would not be so keenly felt.
Death of Junes Brown, Jr.
James Brown, the only son of "Jimmy" Brown, the well-known old-time
member of the local Bricklayers' union,
died at his father's house, 1840 Sixth
avenue west, last Tuesday. The cause
of death wns grippe. The deceased,
who was only 24 years of age, was interred at Mountnin View cemetery yeB-
torday, members of the Bricklayers'
union acting as pallbearers. "Jimmy"
Brown is well-known throughout the
local trade union movement, and the
deepest sympathy iB expressed for him
in his bereavement.
PEOPLE'S POBUM .      ''
Next Sunday evening in ths
Labor Temple, at 7:30 p.m., the
regular matting of the People's
Porum will be held.
The speaker'wiU be Mr. J. H.
McVety, president of Vancouver
Trades and Labor council, and of
the Britisa Columbia Federation
bf Laber.
The subject of Us address will
be "Workmen's Compenaation."
In view of the new Workmen's
Compensation act, which Is to be
Introduced at tbe coming session
of the provincial legislature,-this
meeting has an especial Interest
for working men as being directly affected, and also for those
who may not be included In its
provMons, but are Interested In
it as a piece of legislation.
Mr. McVety ,1s considered ln
the labor movement as the leading authority on this Und .of legislation, and all who wish to
learn something or more about it
should make a point of being pre-.
sent at this nieeting.
City Council Reduces Salaries from Last Day Laborer to Mayor
Prices of Foodstuffs Is Still
Going up—Unemploy-'
ment Increases
[By W. Yates]
the regular weekly meeting of the eity
council laBt night, the third and lsst
reading was given to the salary reduction bylaw, which outs all salaries paid
by the city from thp mayor down to tha
last day laborer. The original cut for
laborers wat a reduction from t3 per
day to $2.40, but the only representative of the laboring men* on the council,
Alderman Dodd, succeeded in getting
an amendment through making the
rate t2.50 per day... She .mayor received
a cut of $400 per year and the aldermen
4100. The firemen were cut 10 per
cent.; tho linemen, in the electric light
department, were cut to $4.10 per day,
and everyone else got a cut that will
put a considerable crimp in their pay
The "Commodity" Labor.
Whilo most of the employers of labor
theBe days are taking advantago of the
congested condition of the labor market to reduce wages and thereby increase their profits one hardly expected
represeatatives administering the city's
business to do likewise, especially at a
time when the cost of living is going
up day after day as it is in this city
at' present.
Living Oost Still Going Vp.
Tho price of the best grades of flour
iB still going up, thero being an advance of 40 cents in the last six days.
Local wholesalers are quoting flour at
$7.50 as against $6.50 last Nov. 30, a
raise of $1.00 in two months. Retailers
have had to increase prices, the best
patents selling from $1.85 to $2 per
sack. Sugar -has increased 15 cents
per 100 lbs. in the laBt month, 18*11),
sacks now selling for, $1.55. New Zealand butter soils now at 47*4 to 50 cents
and local creamery at 45 cents..- Potatoes are going up, the price of Ashcrofts
rising 25c last week, and they are now
selling at $1.50 for 100-16. sack retail.
Apples are selling at $1.35 to $2 por box
and eggs at 50c per dozen. At the
weekly market last week there was an
advance in the wholesale price of near-
ly all meats and poultry.
Unemployment Increases.
The amount of unemployment in this
city is probably worse now than it has
beon for the last ten years, in spite of
the large number of enlistments, but
this ia partly accounted for by the
mills being most all closed down by tbe
jlieavy snowfall, but even then it is a
good place to keep away from for any
one in need of work.
Look! Votes for Woman!
• A mass meeting to celebrate tho enfranchisement of the women of Manitoba, with Mrs. Bongough as principal
speaker, will be held under the auspices
of tho United Suffrage societies, on tho
evoning of February 8, at 8 p.m., in
Lester Court, Davie street.
Th. heavy snowfall hu at
least made it possible for many
of tha unemployed to secure a
ten days' work. All the extras
around the B. O. E. B. cu barns
have been busy and trafflc on the
entire system has been maintained, with the assistance, of these
and ten mow plows. The plumbers and steam fitters are happy,
even if Dad hu to foot the bills.
Physicians are working overtime.
Building trades continue at a
standstill. News printers fairly
well employed. Metalliferous miners seem to be somewhat ln demand. No coal miners needed, as
Orientals are taking their places
on Vancouver island. Despite the
increase ln enlistment for overseas service, the unemployed problem is Increasing. Ooal and
wood has increased in price, and
is mighty scarce at that. Ex-Premier McBride's "confidence"
abounds in plenty, but it takes a
lot of it to make a meal.
WW Again Protest the Ho-
tels Employing Asiatic
Chinese Take Places! of Island Miners Who Have
From the' standpoint of numbers present, laBt night's meeting of Vancouver
Trades and Labor council was not as
large as the previous one, at which the
election of officers was the great attraction. But for lively and intelligent
discussion, it was one of the best held
New Officers Installed.   .
Owing to the lateness of the hour at
which {he previous meeting adjourned,
the newly-elected officers Were not in-
stU'ed, so this formality was made one
of the first orders of business last
Executive Board Report.
An appeal from the Danbury hatters
for financial assistance was reluctantly
filed. ■
The American Federation of Labor
wrote, pointing out that the war in Europe would likely entail some alterations in the maps of that continent,
and in. the text books used in schools.
Organized labor was urged to get busy
and Bee that the new' maps and literature was printed under union conditions.
The same   body   also   advised the
strongest of protests against any attempt to repeal the Seamen's aet, recently passed in the United States.
Standing Committees Appointed.
Be, .legates Pipes, Wight and McDonald were appointed auditors of the
council's-finances.  . * ;
Delegates Sully, MeVety and
Knowles will attend to organization
work and grievances.
The parliamentary committee for the
ensuing term is composed of the following delegates: Graham, Hardy, Sully,
Davis, Pettipiece, Crawford, Brooks,
Trotter, Orant and Burns. In addition
to these, each union is entitled to send
one .delegate to the committee meet-'
ings, which take place on Wednesday
night's previous to each council meeting.
Parliamnetary Committee Beport
: The committee reported that at the
•factory of Hanbury & company, Chinese
were being employed making ammunition boxes for the government contractors. ThiB will be brought to the attention of Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P. and
the Dominion government.
A letter was ordered to be sent to
Mr. Lome Campbell, M. P. P., calling
attention to the fact that the number
of Chinese employed in the coal mines
of Vancouver island was increasing,
and tbat they were taking the places of
men who have enlisted.
The People's Forum.
Another good meeting had been held
at which union men were conspicuous
by thoir absence. President McVety
will be the speaker at the meeting next
Under New Business.
President MeVety, along with Delegate Sully and Graham, will appear before the next meeting of tho license
commissioners, to again request that
one of the conditions, of that body
granting- an hotel license shall be that
the person to whom it is granted shall
undertake not to employ Asiatic labor
on the licensed premises.
The council's library will henceforth
be established in itB office—210 Labor
Gait Brothers were alleged to be operating a garment factory putting out
goods bearing the label "Made in B.
C.," and which were chiefly made by
Chinese labor. It was stated that in
the factory were about "a baker's
dozen" of Chinese and one white girl
and a white man.
This gave rise to a general discussion
on the) Oriental labor question as a
whole, and resulted in Delegates Hardy,
Trotter and Sinclair being selected as a
committee to report on the 'matter, not
only locally, but ob it applied to tho
The secretary was instructed to write
the federal department of labor asking
for a copy of the report of the investigation into the conditions prevailing in
tho factory of Bamsay brothers.
The attorney general will be informed
that tho factory inspector is not enforcing tho sanitation clauses of the Factory act, especially as they apply to
tailor shops.
B. S. Sexton, one of the international
organizers of the Cigarmakers' union
was at this time present in the meeting,
and upon invitation from the chair,
made a short address, after which adjournment was taken at 0.45 p.m.
Sheet Metal Workers' Convention.
The Northwest District council of
the Amalgamated Shoot Metal Workers hold their annual convention at Taeoma during the past week. Fourteen
delegates, representing seven cities,
were in attendance. A. J. Crawford
was the Vancouver delegate.
Colossal Stupidity of the Past.
Most men are workingmen, Workingmen need not argue about war.
They need only refuBo to be used in
war. That they are not yet prepared
to refuse-is altogether too obvious. It
is quite possible that a carefully aimed
emotional appeal would sweep the
working classes even of the United
States into wholo-hearted support of an
unjust war. "Yet it Ib clear to nil of us
now, Whether we nre workingmen or
not, that the working people of Europe
are doing themselveB, collectively,
ghostly harm, and that' their possible
gains from war, whether economic,1 political or moral, are at the most an infinitesimal fraction of their cortaln
losses in aill throe of those ways; Thoy
oven know this themselves, but they
have been trained and organized in such
a way that this knowledge is of no ubo
to them.—-San Francisco Bulletin.
Ex-presldent and acting business agent
of Pioneer Division, No. 101, of the
Street Bailway Employees' union,
who also takes an active interest'in
the affairs of the central labor body.
Demands Same Freedom as
the Other Workmen
to Quit
Bus. Agent Burns Points
Way to Solution of
.'.'i   theProblem
Discussing editorially the question of
-building wooden or steel ships on the
Pacific coast, a few days ago, the News-
Advertiser concludes:
"The problem is to find the sailors. Able seamen and ordinary seamen may yet be found In large
cities, but those now sailing before
the mast are represented  to be
mostly derelicts.  It will be part of
the business of the directors or committee of the proposed British Columbia organisation to consider the
. human element in the eut."
Mr. W. S. Bums, local business agent
of the Sailors' Union of the Pacific,
threw some light on, the subject when
interviewed b^sThe Federationist.
"As the News-Advertiser states, the
problem is to find the sailors," said Mr.
Burns. "It is the same problem that
confronts every maritime nation today.
The white man Ib leaving the sea, and
his place is being taken by the Oriental.
Sailors Seek Freedom.
"Why! Because the sailor no longer
wishes to be a slave. He wants to be
as his fellowman ashore, free to quit
his job if he does not like it; to be'able
to earn a wage that will keep him in
the necessaries of life/ and to have a
decent place to live in.
"Any seaman will tell yon which he
would sooner go in, sail or steam. The
answer would usually be steam. His
wages are usually a little higher and
the work a little easier. It Ib usually
through force of circumstances that
they go in sailing ships and he stays no
longer than he can help.
The Sweet Here and Now.
'' We have sailors' homes and churches
and everything else to look after his
spiritual welfare, but nothing is ever
thought of for Mb comfort while on
earth. Give the sailor the same freedom as his fellowman enjoys.
"The United States has taken the
first step in that direction, by passing
and placing on the'statute books a law
declaring all men who sail on United
States ships free men and giving them
better accommodation, better food and
many other improvements. The results
will not be noticeable for a few years,
but wehn it does, it will be seen that a
better class of mon will man tbeir ships,
cither sail or steam.
The Solution.
"Canada can do no other than follow
tho example set by the United States,
if sho wishes to havo a merchant merino. Make the sailor a free man, and
thu problem of where to find sailors will
not exist for long."
Their Entire Membership in Canada
with Trades and Labor Congress.
Tho Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers ' International Union of North
America has voted to affiliate its mem-
bcrtihip in Canada with tbe TradeB and
Lnbor Congress of Canada. This action
was taken at the Toronto convention
last week, after the large delegation
hnd been addressed by Mr. Jamea Simpson on behalf of the Congress. According to Business Agent Dagnall, the affiliation will mean an addition of somo
8000 to the membership of tho Congress.
Australian Typos. Amalgamate.
The printers of Australia have decided to link into one national union,
and do away with the stato sectional
crafts ns they before existed. It is to
be known undor the name of the National Union of Printers.
A provisional council has been appointed to carry out the necessary details, and the first meeting of the now
body is set down to take place at Sydney early in 1016. Prior to this date
thu various bodies have never been an
effective organization, but merely a
loose affiliation of various unions.
Railroads and Electricity,
In the annual report of tho United
States bureau of mines prediction is
mado that the railroads of tho country
will be operated by electricity during
the present generation. It Ib stated
that tho power to create tho electricity
will bo obtained from gigantic plants
at big coal mines.
$■ EtH
Still in PoeMnion of Militant Minority on the
Civic Board    '.--'A
The Central Labor Body Wt>
Offlcen   ■'     '.:!,
commentary on the recent *«nWf«l
election*, which changed tho pensonaal
of   tbe civic   board, placing Labor'*
repreaentativee on opposition beach**,
using the phrue in  the  Mtn Vtm'i
Labor'a representative are in the minority.   Prior to tho election tho labof j*
men believed, ud atlll belie?*, thnt
the policies which the, advocate! wei* ■
superior in quality and more conducive'
aenee df criticism on the part of i	
coalition adminiatration, now in power,
waa proof conclusive that the bosine**
acumen, in which they claimed * mo***'
opoly, could not detect any lawa te'.
the late adminiatration, controlled, aa
they itated, by "a bunch of Insignil-
cant working men." Neither eonM
they advance reaaona that a change at
administration waa deeirable. . HOMO*
their reaaona muat ■bo sought in tht
underground workings to which it
would not be deeirable to ball on tha
dear elector to sample the concoction*
prepared until they wero safely ea-
echoed in offlce.    ; ■ *■ .->,,- -    '
.  "forewarned—Forearmed/
It would not have boon good politic*
prior to tho election, to have told tha
Eublic they intended to make change*
I tho administration   of tho   public
market, with the hope that tho medicine thoy had ao carefully prepared
would ao cripple that institution that
it would.not aurvive the dose, thua leaving the Held clear to demand whatever '
price they care to aak.
- Neither would it,have been conducive in securing their election to offloa.'
if thev had frankly intimated to th*
horny-handed aon of toll their till at
retrenchment, to reduce the wagee of
elty employee*, a* ia contemplated la
tho light department, ",','j
Decided on a Chang*.
But ajnajority ft tho elector* decided that a change wa* neceuary, aad
they wero only fooled ln one particular.
They expected that the service of tha
gentlemen elected were going.to ba
given freo gratia, in the Intereat* of
the city; but the benevolent publie
spirited gentlemen in question decided
at a recent meeting that the impression .
was entirely incorrect and felt deeply
aggrieved that auch an impreaaloa
should have gone forth, as they intended doing business at the old ratea.
Merely Strategic Retirement.
In the minds of some of Labor's more
vindictive opponents, with especial
reforenoe to the activities of members
comprising the Trades and Lnbor council,, giving vent to their high glee at
what they consider Labor's croahlag
defeat, which, in choioenes* of language, is described as the blow quietus
—the solar plezua wallop.
It is to be regretted that the Labor
movement does not make a very well-
behaved corpse. To be fashionable wa
could say, with the military leaden of
the day, that we had accomplished "a
etragetic retirement," but that would
be expressing so much piffle.
However disquieting It may be to
those who have entertained these day
dreams of Labor's demise, we again
announce that we are still very much
olive, with all the vitality of Kilkenny
cats, refusing to leave this mundane
sphere, however harrowing it may bo
to that estimable aggregation who insist that we indulge in a respectable
Trades and Labor Council Meets
A good live aggregation of delegates
assombled at the Carpenters' hall at *
the semi-monthly meeting of the Tradea
and Labor council. President Macdonald presided, with all officers present.
The regular routine of business Wl*
speedily attended to, the bulk of the
evening being turned over to the election of officers for tho ensuing term*
Matters pertaining to tho city market
were discussed, along with proposed
changes contemplated by tbe new administration at tho city hall, re the proposed reductions affecting the englneera *
employod in tho light department
Plans wero approved to meet the contemplated changes. Upon motion the
last meeting night of ench month will
be set osldo on lines suggestive of a
public form. Aid! Cnsoy paid the
council a visit, addressing them
in his own appropriate way on matter* '
of general interest. Aid. Barrie, th*
new Labor representative, thanked the
council for the support tendered him
in securing his election. Tho balloting
for officers resulted in most of the old
officers being re-elected: President, 8.
D. Macdonald; vice-president, Dan.
McLean; recording secretary, Wm.
Thompson; financial secretary, Anderson; treasurer, O. Rodderham; legislative committee, Dels. Anderson, Mo-
Lean, Donning; press committee, Dels.
Denning nnd Thorfole.
Albeit* Socialist, ox-Soldier, Fay* for
Having an Opinion
John Reid, socialist candidate for .the
Alberta legislature for Red Deer riding, was sentenced to fifteen months ia
jail, last Friday, after having been
found guilty of sedition by a jury in the
criminal court at Red Deer.
In tho course of speeches on the public platform last year, Beld, who la a
Scotchman and a veteran of the Boer I
war, had said tho British equalled th*
(tomans when it enmo to atrocities.
Ho had also advised people neither ta
enlist nor give to the patriotic fund.
The average British capitalist teem*
to expect every British workman to do
his duty—whilo he doe* hi* eountry.   V
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LAND*. VIOTOftU, fttt
enterprise is the rule in industry. It is
wasteful, senseless and unjust. It gives
the maximum of reward to the non-
producer, and the minimum of sustenance to those by the labor of whose
brains and hands the daily life of the
world is made possible.      •
has   reached   such   a   chronic
stage, that some time ago the
govornment of that province appointed
a commission to inquire into its causes,
and  to   devise   reme-
WE BEG dies, if it could think
_q of or find any.   The
REPORT. first    reP0C*   °*   *na
commission was published recently, and contains numerous
recommendations as to dealing with the
evil in question. In thiB respect it resembles a few thousand other reports
by similar bodies on the same subject,
and in the end it will achieve just about
•is much of real value to the working
class as the' others did—which "was nothing,
* #   ■ '»
The altitude of the ruling class mind
towards the unemployed is not really a
desire to entirely abolish them. And
when governments Bay that unemployment is an evil, they generally mean it
is becoming too prevalent for political
peace. They know thut practical personal experience of misfortune iB the
most likely thing to make those suffering it inquire into its causes, and that
if the habit of inquiring into the causes
of unemployment were to become a
habit among the workers, the makeshift methods which politicians use in
handling it might be exposed to thoir
subsequent inconvenience.
* *      «
' They also know that the vast'masses
of the workers will not take the trouble
to think out, or otherwise find out, the
precise part they play in the economic
fabric of nations, aB long as they have
got! that glbrious possession whieh con-'
stitutes about nine-tenths of what they
cull happiness—a job. So their efforts
are directed to the devising of conditions so that at least a good clear majority of workmen have jobs. They aro
also not directed to the formulation of
plans whereby all workmen would have
jobs—for which there is, in their estimation, and out of regard for their
economic interests, a very good and
sufficient reason.
* .   •      *
This is the reason. Industry is car*
ried on with one main idea—to make
profit. If it cannot make profit no
other reason can keep it in existence.
Industry cannot be carried oh without
workmen, wherefore they arc looked
upon as a necessary eyil in the scheme.
The higher i the wages they are in a
position to demand, the greater are they
considered as an evil. Workmen can-
act, be too oheap—providing their productive capacity iB not unpaired—in
tho eyes of the owners of industry. For
that reason it is only natural they are
interested in promoting or maintaining
any condition which will give them an
ample supply of cheap workmen.
* ' '■#      *
Workmen are cheapest when thoy
aro more numerous than the jobs they
seek. In other words, unemployed
workmen are on economic advantage to
employers of workmen. The government of Ontario, like most other governments, is composed of employers or
men with the' economic interests nnd
outlook of employers, elected to their
positions in the house of legislature by
workingmen'b votes. That is why it Ib
absolutely useless to look to such people
to devise or even attempt to deviso,
moasures having for their object the
complete abolition of unemployment.
* «       c
Under the capitalist form of industry, unemployment is just as much a
necessary part of the economic Hy stems
of nations, as aro markets for the disposal of the products of industry. Employers know that the most effective
curb on tho aspirations of workmen
for higher wages is tho threat that if
they persist they will bo dischurged and
others taken on in their plnceB, ileum;
they favor the continual existence of
an element of unemployed workmen
who, pressed to it by the hunger urge
which knows no answer but food, can
be relied upon to take the places of
thoso who ask for more wages in case
they go to the point of striking to enforce their demit mis.
* *       «
Putting it in shortor terms, that
means that it Ib not the mnn who bas
a job who determines what ho shall get
for doing that job. The man who hns
not got a job, is tho man who determines the wagos of tho man who has
got a job. The truth of this demonstrates itself so practically and plainly,
that employers look upon the unemployed as an industrial factor which
could not be abolished without serious
results to their yearly balance shoots.
* «      *
Commissions may come and commissions may go, but it will mako no difference to the unemployed as long as
the labor of men is an articlo of mor-
chundiso bought and sold just like
bricks and bacon, and, like thom, subject in price to tho laws of supply nnd
demand. That will continue as long as
the chaotic jumble known as private
wants the Dominion government
to put a heavy duty on fuel oil.
So do similar bodies in other coal mining districts of British Columbia. Their
object iB to subsidize
FUEL OIL the coal mine own-
AND THE ors in their competi-
MINE OWNERS, tion with the oil
merchants; and
doubeless, if they hod thoir way, they
would put such a prohibitive tax on
fuel oil us to, drive it out of the market
altogether, thus leaving them an absolutely free field for exploitation.
To those who know the history and
present conditions of coal mining on
Vancouver island, this .request of the
Nanaimo merchants really means that
the coul mine owners want the Dominion government to give the utmost
measure of economic advantage to the
largest and most consistent employers
of oriental labor in Canada. Backed
by the silent support and administrative apathy of the provincial government, the mine operators of the island
are gradually driving the white miner
out, and putting Asiatics in his place.
# #      *
With the armed assistance of the
same authority, they broke down the
resistive power of the miners' union.
The only thing that now seeuiB to them
to offer any obstacle to their complete
monopoly is the competition of oil and
fuel. We hope 'they will not get what
they are asking for, and in so doing we
do not feel we are expressing an opinion
which, if realized, would make any detrimental difference to the position of
the white ■ miners working over there
• .       .
The ideal of the coal owners of the
island would be to have every white
miner enlist in the army, and his place
filled by an Asiatic. That would bring
the price of coal production to the minimum. They would like oil fuel taxed
out of tbe market. That would enable
them to fix the selling price at the maximum figure the purchasing public could
be made to pay., Such a combination in
their eyes would be ideal. In seeking
it they are true to their record as one
of the most gluttonous aggregations of
exploiters to be found from here to the
STREET RAILWAYMEN were disappointed last fall, when the international office of their organization advised them not to go to the
length of a strike in resisting the terms
offered to them by the
SAID THE B- c* Electric Railway
SPIDER TO company. A consider-
TBE FLY. Qble amount of sore
ness and dissatisfaction resulted from it, which was quite
natural. Tbis feeling iB being taken
ndvantage of in a quarter which has no
real sympathy with the men—indeed,
it is the opposite—to create a sentiment among them to drop their affiliation with the international union, and
form a Canadian organization.
« * •
This proposal is not a new one, as
many of tho older members of the
Street Railwaymen's union know. But
the time Is considered, by some of those
who favor the step for reasons they do
not mention in their arguments, aB a
good one to revive the idea. It is a
plan which has- been advised at ono
time or another to every union in Canada which is afflliated with the American Federation of Labor.
• •      «
It is also an object! vo which has been
the ideal of Canadian employers for
many, years, and several attempts have
been made to get legislation through
the Dominion parliament whieh would
bring about the severance of the Canadian locals of the International unions
from their parent bodies. It is a movement which we have always opposed,
and shall continue to opposo, because
we are convinced that it would, if successful, be to the detriment of organized labor in Canada which, up to now,
has drawn far more money in the way
of strike, organization and other financial assistance from the internationals,
thun it has paid in.
• «      »
So fur as the particular instance of
the locnl street railwaymen is concerned, we will mnke this statement. If
they hud actually gono out on strike
lust fall, they would have received the
constitutional amount of strike pay
ftom tho international office. Thut
would havo happened despite the tele-
gra n which came advising them not to
strike. It is a very definite statement
to mnke, but wo mako it because it
wub made to us by one of the highest
officials of tho international union, in
fact by a member of the international
executivo board, who was present when
the telegram referred to wns sont to
Vancouver last fall.
• «      •
For tho street railwaymen to learn
this now, may not be of any practical
value nt tho moment, but it Ib a fact
well worth knowing, and filing for reference Thoy are not at the ond of
their troubles by a long way if we judge
tho signs aright. Indeed, they aro probably only at thc real beginning.' Tho
future shows the need for them to be
ready to moot it with a strong and well-
knit organization wherein every member Is fully apprised and alive to the
nature and extent of the difficulties facing them.
• •      t
Another thing whieh will need care
ful watching is the possibility of espionage right inside the union itself.
Several instances have occurred lately
in various parts of this continent which
show tho danger of paid Bpies within
the ranks of the street railwaymen.
They aro a Bteady1 and indispensable
adjunct to the companies in their dealing with the unions, and must be looked
for everywhere. The more they are
looked for the'• less of them there are
likely to be. Thoy flourish most where
the membership iB most apathetic and
ndifforent to what iB going on and boing dono on their behalf in the union.
« *- *
These men, so fas., as the Canadian
union is concerned, are not likely to be
hoard loudly advocating such a course.
Their work Is of a mere cunning typo,
dono below the surface. They would
strive to use other mombors who wero
perfectly sincere in thoir views about
it but who, being entirely honest themselves, would not suspect they were being used. The main argument in tho
whole question ia contained in the fact
that Canadian employers—and particularly street railway companies—would
be delighted if the labor unions of this
country would sever their connection
with the internationals.
• ,    *       * *
' What they want in this respect must
of necessity be something which they
consider would give them more strength
with which to oppose the unions. For
that reason it is obvious the unions
should not want it. And despite many
minor complaints which they may just'
ly make against somo of the methods
of the international executive board,
wo nre satisfied that in the long run
the local Btreet railwaymen will not
want it. It is a would-be gift horse
whoso mouth will well repoy for exami
SYNDICALISM, in Latin countries,
nccording to the reported statement of Dr. Muck Eastman, pro-
fessor of economics in the University
of British Columbia, is "similar to
what is known as in-
THST ABE duBtnal unionism in
2fOT America."   That is a
THE SAME. very sweeping assertion, and one whioh
we do not believe to be correct. It
may be partly true, but in any case it
Should not be tnken to imply that syndicalism and industrialism are one and
the same in their meaning and objectives.
*       *      *
Industrial unionism means the organization of aU the workers in any
one industry into one union. The machinery used in the industry, and the
finished product of that industry, would
still be the property of the private individual or public company which
owned the enterprise. Syndicalism
means that the men engaged in an industry would own both the machinery
used in it and also the finished product. The latter form of organization
seeks to eliminate the exploitation of
the workers, at least insofar as their
position as workers in that industry is
Industrial unionism would not change
the fundamental relation between employer and employed, because it would
not interfere with the ownership of
natural resources, or the machinery,
necessary to make them into things of
social usefulness or demand. In a word
it would leave the proflt system essentially intact, although perhaps a little
less powerful by reason of the increased
economic strength of an industrial
union, ns compared with the weakness
of a dozen different unions trying to
look after the interests of the workmen
in one industry.
Europe after the war ie over!
That   ia   the   all-absorbing
question which is exercising the minds
of politicians, rulers, governors, financiers, and others  in-
BUT WE terested in a return to
ABE ON as   far   as   possible,
OUR WAT. s i m 1 i a r conditions
which prevailed before August 4th, 1914. They are troubled chiefly about thoir property and
class status. The molting pot seems so
near, and the fumes of it waft their
way with most disquieting frequency
and disagreeable odor. None of the
exhaustive data and statistics of the
past look like being of much practical
use in laying plans for tho future.
The war in the abstract struck them
at first as being very much like previous troubles of its kind. It was bigger,
but that seemed the only difference.
They had neither the imagination nor
the knowledge of economic history and
processes, to aid them to even remotely
conceive some of tho possibilities which
tho conflict might hold. Their deficiencies in that respect have boen considerably reduced by practical demonstrations since thon. Discomfiting facts
havo been forced upon thom. They
themselveB havo discovered, and have
been obliged to declare more facts,
which were doubly discomfiting beeause
while they did not like them, they had
no option but to declare them.
#      #      •
Among these disagreeable revelations
the one thoy like least iB that labor
holds the entiro situation in its hands.
As long as it continues that way, thoy
feel there Is a gleam of hope left. But
thoy nro very afraid that labor may
hold the situation less In Its hand, and
begin to consider it more in itB head.
That is why they are uncertain to an
almost panicky degree about the future. They do not know what will
happen. Nor does labor know what it
will do. We might try to forecast what
It will do, but the events of the past
eighteen months have bred in us a caution about the working class where war
is concerned. The condition of economic pressure which will be upon the
workers after the war, will provide the
answV to the riddle. *
Magistrate South has proved that he
is not too inefficient to take a warning
when it comes from the Trades and Labor council.
If it were not for unemployment,
many a political party hack would havo
been unemployed inBtead of'getting u
job "for value received" on a commission to inquire into the causes and extent of unemployment.
Ask  for Labor  Temple   'Rhone  Exchange,
Seymour  .74i»6   (unlesa  otherwise  stated).
Cooks, Wait cm, Waitresses—Boom 804;
Andy Graham,
Electrical Workers (outalde)—B. H. Morrison, Room '-U7,
Englneera (steam)—Room 310; E. Premier-
Halibut Fishermen's Colon—Ruaaell Kear
ley, 437 Uore avenue. Ufflcu phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Aaioclatlon—Thomai Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey. 6i!59,
Musicians—II. J. Braifleld, Room S06.
Sailors—W. 8. Burns, 213 Heatings etreet
wuai.     Soy.  '87UH.
Street Railway Employee!—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phono Exchange
Seymour 5000.
Typographical—R, H. Neelanda. Room 306.
The working class, owing to centuries
of servile labor for the upper and capitalist classes, haB grown to regard* its
position as the right order of society,
und cannot conceive of (he sense of
such a suggestion us that the wealth of
a country should be of no more importance than human Uvea.
The crowd lift up- a man to serve
them, and then, forgetting that he is
not over their heads by his own transcendent merit, are dazzled by his eminence. He in turn, being flattered and
overbalanced by their adulation, forgets that he was elevated for their service, and not for his own glorification,
and—well, and that's how it happens.
When an infraction of law is brought
to the .attention of the provincial government by a labor organization, formal
reply' asks for information which will
establish the allegations made. That
practically amounts to the government
Baying it is no part of its duty to look
into the administration of the laws it
makes, or to see that they are enforced.
What is a government for thenf
* At the meeting of the industries committee of Vancouver city council last
Wednesday, it was stated that in normal times many householders had' purchased their wood supply from Hindus,
to the detriment of the "white" yards.
We hold no brief for the. Hindus, but
we know many '' white'' yards as they
are called, 'which have no use for white
men either in their yards, or on their
wagons as drivers. In ordinary times
it is customary for citizens of this city
to see quite as many Asiatic drivers of
wood wagons as white drivers. A
"white" yard often means a woodyard
run by a white man who employs only
Asiatic labor.
English papers announce the doath of
G. W. Foote, editor of tho Freethinker.
He wns probably the ablest writer
which religious criticism in Britain has
produced) and many British papers have
printed kindly notices of his death. The
Daily Chronicle, after reforring to him
ns "a scholar of ripe judgment and
wido learning," added: "There have
boen, in recent years, few men of such
uncompromising honesty nnd candor of
character; few men whose public utterances seemed anti-Christian to the point
of intolerance, yet whose private actions wero so tolerant, generous, and
free from malice nnd personal nmbi
tion." G. W. Foote wob a keen critic,
a polished satirist .;nd a sound reasoner.
The Ottawa Evening Citizen, in an
inquiring moment, makes the following
Wilfrid Gribble, a socialist agitator in St. John, New Brunswick,
is alleged to have referred to the
king as "a puppet." For this alleged offence, on tho evidence of
one man, Gribble has been sentenced to two months imprisonment.
Hon. J. K. Flemming, a year or so
ago,' while premier of Now Brunswick and, of course, the king's flrst
citizen in the province, was found
guilty by a royal commission of
taking money from governmont
contractors, the royal commission
Baid that, by virtue of the position
of public trust Premier Flemming
held in the province, he might' bo
said practically to havo compelled
the contractors to pay him tho
money. What sentence has the loyal
provinco of New Brunswick imposed upon Hon. J. K. Flemraingt It
hns nominnted him ns Conservative
candidate for tho federal house of
commons, to represent tho county
of Carletonl
The point ns we see it is, that If
there wero more working men in tho
federal house or legislatures in this
country, such anomalies would be less
possible. The existence of them proves
that tho class responsible for thom feels
itself in uncontested possossion of tbe
administrative power whereby thoy are
not for any class of the people.
CJean, newsy and bright—n news-
pnper you can trust. THE SUN
upholds the principle of government by tho people.
KEEP IN TOUCH with tho
new3 of the day by reading THE
SUN. 8
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Local Engineers—L. T. Sollowey, 1167 Har-
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Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenne west.
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Moving Picture Operators—L. B. Goodman,
Labor Temple.
Palntera—Geo, Weston, Room 808, Labor
Plumbers —Room 208%, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611,
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—John Jamea Cornish, 1809 Eleventh avenue Eaat.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, ears Columbia Hotel,
Railroad Trainmen—A. E.  McCorvlllt,  Box
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,   429  Nelson
Seamen's Union—W. 8. Burni, P, 0. Box
Structural Iron Worken—Room 908, Labor
Stonecutters—James   Rayburn,   P.   0.   Box
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street Railway Employees—James E. Griffin,
166 Twenty-fifth  avenue east.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province.
Tele&rapherB—E. B. Peppin, Box 842.
Tradea and Labor Council—Miss Helena Gutteridge. Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelanda, Box 66.
Tailors—C. McDonald, Box 508.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Oeo. W. Allln,
" Box 711.
Tllelayers   and   Helpers—A.   Jamleson,   540
Twenty-third avenue east.
Coal mining rlghta of tht Dominion, ln
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alborta, the Yukon Terlrtory, the Northweit Territories and
In m portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an aere. Not
more than 2,660 aorei will be leased to one
Applications for lease muit be made by the
applicant In person to tke Agent or Sub-Agent
of tbo dlstriot. In which the rlghta applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by seotlons, or legal subdivisions of
seotlons, and ln unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be ataked by the applicant himself.
Each application mut be accompanied by
a fee of 15, which will be refunded If the
rlgbti applied for are boi available, but not
otherwise, A royalty ahall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five centa per ton,
The penon operating tht mint ihall furnish the Agent with iworn returni accounting for tbe full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay thl royalty thereon. If
the ooal mining rights an not being operated,
such returns ihould be furnished at least once
a rear.
The lease will include tht coal mining
rights only, but tht lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available aurface rights
miy be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rati or 110 an acre.
For full Information application should be
made to the Secretary of tha Department of
the Interior, OUawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lmds,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of tbls advertisement will not bt paid for—80690
Vote against prohibition! Demand personal liberty In choosing whit you will drink.
Ask for thla Label when purchasing Beer,
Alt or Porter, aa a Atarantee that It li Union Madt. Thli la our Labil
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
J. J. JONES,       J. A.
Mu. Director Bec-Treas.
Hoimi, Bungalows, Store,
ud modem mltei for rut
M t tig reduction.
Safety Deposit Boiei for rest at
♦a.50np.  Will, drawn ap free of
Depodti accepted ud Interest M
Four per cut allowed; on dally
flrst and third Thursdays. Executive
board: James H. MoVety, president; R. P.
Pettipiece, vice-president; Misc Heiona Gutteridge, general secretary, 210 Labor Temple;
Fred Knowles, treasurer; W. H. (Mterlll,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms. John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J, Brookes, trustees.
ALLIED   PRINTING  TRADBB    COUNCIL.—Meeta aeoond  Monday  ln  tha
month.   Preildent, H. J. Bothel; leeretanr,
R. H. Ntelaadi, P. 0. Boa 68.
BARTENDERS' LOOAL No. 676.—Office,
Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets fint
Sunday of ench month. Preaident, Jamea
Campbell; financial seoretary, H. Davia, Box
424; phone, Sey. 4752; recording secretary,
Wm. Mottlshaw, Globe Hotel, Main street.
—Meeta every let and Srd TuemUy,
8 p.m., Room 807. President H. P. Wandj
corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
83; flnanolal aeeretary, W. J, Pipea; bualneaa
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 218.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpen of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
fint and third Mondaya, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue weat;
aeeretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe stnet.
meeti room 205. Labor Ttmple. every
Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MoDougall,
1162 Powell street: recording secretary,
R. N, Elgar, Labor Temple: flnanclal aeon-
tary and busineu agent, E. H. Morriion,
Room 20T, Labor Temple.
Laboren' union, No. 85—Meats first and
third Friday of each month, Labor Temple.
Presidont, E. C. Appleby; secretary, George
Harrison; business agent, Jehn Sully, room
220, Labor Temple. All laborers Invited to
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S ASSOCIATION,  Local 3852.    Office, Association hall,  10 Powell stnet.    Meets every
Sunday, 2:80 p.m.   Thomas Nixon, secretary.
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity.
Branch meets 1st and Srd Fridays at Labor
Temple, Room 205. H. Nlghtscalea presidont, 276 Fifty-sixth avenue east; Jos. O.
Lyon, financial secretary, 1721 Grant street;
J, Campbell, recording secretary, 4860 Argyle
PLOYEES, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:80 and 8 p.m. President, W.
H. Cotterill; recording secretory, Jaa. E. Griffin, 166 Twenty-flfth avenue east; financial
seoretary and business agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2400 Clark drive.
, ,. AaMERL0A' Lom1 No- 178—Meetlngi
held flnt Tuesday In each month, 8 p.m.
Preaident, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Outterldge; recording sec, C. McDonald, Box 508; financial aeeretary, K.
Pateraon, P. 0, Box 808,
Meeti list Sunday of each month at ■
p.m. Pmldent R. Farm. Pettlpleoe; vice-
pwldent, W. 8. Metsger; lecretary-tnaiunr
R. H, Neelandi, _. 0. Box 60.
In annuil convention In January. Executive officers, 1016-17: President, Jas. H. McVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, - J,
Brookes, E. Morrison; Victoria, C. Siverts;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Denning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; District 28. U. M. W. of A. (Vancouver Ialand),
W, Head: District 18, U. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Nest Valley), A. J. Carter; secretary-treasurer, A. 8. Wells, P. 0. Box 1588,
Victoria, B. 0.
OIL—Meets flnt and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government street, at 8
p. m. President, A. S. Wells; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 302, Victoria, B. 0.	
of America, looal 784, New Westminster.
Meets lecond Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F, W. Jameson. Box 498.
President—Samuel Gompers, Washington, D.
C; Clgarmaken International union,
First vice-president—James Duncan, Quincy,
.Mass.; Granite Cutters' International
Second vice-president—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. C; International Associa-
*   tion of Machinists.
Third vice-president—D. A. Hares, Philidel-
phia; Glass Blowers' association.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine* of
Cincinnati; Molders' union of North
Fifth vice-president—John R, Alpine, Chicago; United Association of Plumbers.
Sixth vlce-prealdent—H. B. Periiam, St.
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphers.
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis ; United Brotherhood of Carpenten.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
- United Mine Worken,
Treasurer—John' B. Lcnnon, Bloomlngton,
III.; Journeymen Tailors of North America,
Secretary—Frank Morrison,  Washington, D.
C; International Typographical union.
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meets in convention September of
each year. Executive board: Ju. C. Wattera,
president; vice-^reaident, A. Watchman, Victoria, B, c.j aecretary-treaaurar, P. M, Dra-
per, Drawer 515, Ottawa. .Ont.	
Dlrectors: R. p. Pettlplece, Jamea
Campbell, J, W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wllby, W. J,
Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free, Mlsa Helena
Gutteridge, J. Byron. Managing director:
Jas. H. McVety, room 211, Labor Temple,
at call of president. Labor Templt, Vancouver, B. 0. Dlrecton: James Campbell,'
president; J, H. MeVety, leentarytnuurer;
A. Watchman and A. 8. Weill. R, Parm.
Pettlplece, managing director. Room 217,
Labor Ttmplt,   Telephone Seymour 7496, Tn**^!t^^
THE B fiTffgff CQLUMglA F
ftoilt An- We«,
Made In
There* tre a number of
reasons WHY you should
purchase LECKIE
SHOES in preference  to
others.   One good reason
are made in British Columbia in a British Columbia institution by British Columbiana.
Eveiy penny you pay for LECKIE SHOES remains
here in British Columbia.  You pay no duty.
Another reason is that you can not purchase a better
shoe on the market Any man who wears a LECKIE
will testify to that.
—At Leading Dealers Everywhere-!* .
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unless It bears a
plain and readable Impression or this stamp;
. All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
!M Bummer Street, Boston, Mass.
3. F. Tobln, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, Seo.-Treae.
Telephone 808
Wbolsssls. rsttll ud family trsds
Oonur B«Ma ul Tnat Stmts
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
is good for nil mon; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for some
men. Tbe total abstainer hns no more right to compel the temperate
man *> i abstain by force of law, thnn the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what he neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate mt }'s drink; it's'a food.   Ask your dealer for our
The Name
stands for all the essential requirements of a first-
class bottle beer. CASCADE on a bottle of beer is—
like the Sterling mark on silver—proof that it's good
honest beer, brewed right, bottled clean, in the most
modern plant on the Pacific Coast, by CANADIAN
UNION WORKMEN. We also manufacture high-
grade—UNION MADE—aerated waters.
You'll find they are of the same high standard as
you are accustomed to in our brand of CASCADE
BEER.  On sale everywhere.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Objects of the Movement
Are Outlined by Fed.
The Conscription of Wealth
Before Human Life Is
[Special Australian Correspondence]
SYDNEY, N. 8...W., Jan. 14.—In the
columns of this journal) under date of
October 15 last, I gave some particulars concerning the movement on the
part of the Australian women for peace,
at the same time asking for co-operation
in the United States and Canada. I
urn glad to say at thla date that my appeal has not fallen on deaf ears.
Letters are now reaching me, offering
co-operation in a movement that, I
hope, will not have been started.in
vain. The Women's Peace Army of
Australia desires me, at this date, to
thank one 'and all, for the proffered
assistance. Steps will bo taken in due
time to get the movement in an international footing.
Objects of the Movement.
As many readers will doubtless wish
to know just what our objects are, I
think it well to state briefly the salient
points of same.
We intend to bind together all the
forces that are sympathetic to the establishment of peace and the maintenance of same, by means of international
arbitration and such other methods ob
may be favored.
In Australia we intend, to create a
central council in each state of all organizations which are in sympathy with
the movement. ThiB for the purpose of
consolidating interests to secure the one
common goal.      ■
Iu addition we wish to co-operate
whenever possible with international
peace and kindred, organizations in
other parts of the world.
We appeal for the establishment of
an effective and permanent international arbitration court, elected on a democratic basis, including women delegates;
the setting up of adequate machinery
for ensuring democratic control of foreign policy; general reduction of armaments and the nationalization of their
manufacture; organization of the trades
unions and workers' associations with
a definite view of ending war; termination of the present war at' the earliest
possible moment.
We consider that the principles that
should govern the terms of peace are
that no territory or province shall be
transferred from one government to another without the consent, by plebiscite
of the population of such province; control by the British parliament of treaties and foreign .policy, and the abolition of conscription and compulsory.
military training.
Parliamentary Action Requested.
Those, briefly are our objects. Apart
from the lecturing tours that have been
undertaken to further the government,
the central bodies at present located at
the seat of Commonwealth government
—that is, at Melbourne, Victoria, have
lost no time in getting some very concrete proposals before the national government. At a recent meeting, December 2, 1915, the following resolutions
were authorized:
'' That the Women's Peace army asks
that the Commonwealth parliament be
summoned immediately to consider the
prime mintBten's mission to England,
and give him a peace mandate from tho
people of Australia.
"That the method by which it is
proposed to raise a new army of 50,000
men in Australia is nothing short of
conscription for military service abroad
and we are prepared to support those
who in their love for humanity and
freedom, desire to resist this shameful
violation of the rights of mankind."
Other Resolutions Adopted,
A further series of resolutions have
also been carried, as follows:
"That in view of the possibility of
the terms of peace being considered by
the forthcoming Imperial conference,
the Australian peace alliance places on
record its opinion that, as the peace
settlement should aim primarily at" the
maintenance of world peace upon the
lines of the democratization of foreign
policy, tho prime minister should officially represent democratic views at the
said conference, nnd in this connection
bear a mandate from the federal parliament or from a specially-convened
federal labor conference; and as a basis
for such mandate the alliance suggests
the following as necessary provisions in
the event of the peace settlement being
'' No province or terirtory in any part
of the world shall be transferred from
A Royal City trade unionist, and aldermanlc candidate, who has enlisted for
overseas service, and is now in the
Trades and Labor Oouncll.
.February 1, 1891. .
put up in
pint bottles r
Factory: 1365-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 886
Est 19Ci4 Vaneoaver, B, O.
Hon. Robert Bevan, M. P. P., gave
notlco of motion in the legislature:
"That the committee on standing orders and private bills, and the committee on railways, should see that all private bills granting franchises or rights
contain sections providing against the
employment of Chinese on any work to
be undertaken in pursuance of the
bill.1' The trades and labor councils of
Vancouver and Victoria endorsed same.
Parliamentary committee appointed)
composed of Messrs, Wm, Towler, 3, L.
Franklin, Wm. Pleming, A. B. Campbell and J. Qale.
Resolution carried: "That the principle of eight hours constituting a day's
labor should be adopted in carrying on
provincial works; and that a clause
should be inserted in aU contracts for
such, to the effect that the hours making up a day's work of the workmen
and laborers to be employed under it
shall not be more than eight; and a
penalty for the violation of Buch provision by the contractor or sub-contractor should be included."
Where Is PhlL Obermeyer?
What has become of Phil. Obermeyer
and the labor page in the Hamilton,
Ont,, Herald every Saturday t Without
thiB feature, the Saturday Herald is too
humdrum to bother with.
''Jim" Oreer and the "Plague."
Next week there will be no issue'of
the Slocan Record. With an epidemic
of la grippe in the district, people need
linament outside and dope inside, and
the publisher wants a whole week's
rest.—Slocan Record.
"The man who has no enemies has
no following."
Thc Vancouver woman who divorces
her husband to marry a Winnipeg man
and goes to that town to live is certainly making an awful sacrifice for love.
one government to another without the
consent of plebiscite of the population
of such province.
"No treaty, arrangement or undertaking shall be entered upon in the
name of Oreat Britain without the sanction of parliament. Adequate machinery for ensuring democratic control of
foreign policy shall bo created.
'' The foreign policy of Great Britain
shall not be aimed at creating alliances
for the purpose of maintaining the balance of power, but shall be directed to
the establishment of a concert of Europe and the setting up of an international council, whose deliberations and
decisions shall be public,
"Oreat Britain shall propose as part'
of thc peace settlement a plan for tho
drastic reduction of armaments by the
consent of all the belligerent powers,
nnd to facilitate that policy shall attempt to secure the general nationalization of the manufacture of armaments
and the prohibition of the export of
armaments by one country to another,
"The universal abolition of conscription and compulsory military service.
Country Faces Conscription.
Meanwhile pressure is to be brought'
to bear on the matter of compelling
men to answer certain questions as to
whether they are prepured to enlist now
or at some future date.
It is as well to say here, that we nre
on the eve of conscription in Australia
und as a preliminary the government
in offering to provide an extra 50,000
men for the battle front from Australia, havi' decided to enter on a monster
recruiting -campaign.
Every man between the ages of 18
and 60 is to bo circularized by tho government and asked thc following quostions: (1) Are you prepared to enlist
now for service outside of Australia?
(2) Are you prepared to enlist at a
later datef (3) If you are not prepared to enlist, state the reason?
No Conscription Fellowship.
To deal with this matter a No-Conscription fellowship has been formed.
Briefly it' has decided that it wiU not
answer the first two questions, but shall
answer the third in thiB wise:
"Because I am a member of the No-
Conscription fellowship, an organigation
of men, likely to be called upon to undertake military service in the event
of conscription who will refuse, from
conscientious motives, to bear arms.
We deny the right of 'governments to
say, 'You shall bear arms,' and will oppose every effort to introduce compulsory military service, and whatever tho
consequences may be, shall obey our
conscientious convictions rather than
tho commands of governments."
Wealth Conscription Wanted.
Since the ugly head of conscription
seems to bo showing in our midst, there
is a great force behind the peace and
no-conscription movement. Besides the
present arrangement is by no means
As the official organ of thc labor
party in Australia point's out, what iB
wanted is conscription of wealth beforo
conscription of lives.
The wealth can be made all over
again, but life, once taken, cannot be
given back again.
Switzerland  Alone  Makes
Provision for Other
Displaced Workers Demand
Equal Opportunities
to Work
The idea of demanding compensation
from the state where property was confiscated through prohibition legislation
is not new, says the Brewery Workers'
Journal. When in 1910 the manufacture of absinthe was prohibited in
Switzerland, provision,* were made for
compensation of all concerned—landowners/ employers and employees. "In
England, in France and in some parts
of Canada, after prohibitory laws were
adopted, compensation of the license
holders for the loss of their property
was provided for. In a decision given
in 1887, Judge Brewer, of the United
States circuit court of Kansas, held
"that the state can prohibit the defendant1 from brewing, but before it
can do so it must pay the value of the
property destroyed." All these precedents are encouraging the employers in
the manufacture of alcoholic beverages
to demand compensation wherever prohibition compels them to go out bf business; in fact, bills to that extent have
been or will be introduced in the legislatures In several states. ■
Wage Workers Overlooked.
, But in all'these cases, with the exception of Switzerland, the wage-earner is
not considered, the one who loses not
capital in the common sense of. the
word, but capital consisting of his
working power and his acquired knowledge in his trade. He has only his
labor and his knowledge for sale, and
if the market for that is taken away,
he is left helpless, as he cannot compete, for lack of skill and experience,
with wage-earners in other industries;
at least not without being compelled to
make undeserved sacrifices and injuring
thoBe with whom he nas to compete.
Compensation of Jobs.
When it appears that the principle of
compensation has been recognized for
those who lose their business through
prohibition lnws, why should the worklngman not be compensated who loses
forever . the opportunity to make an
honest living in his accustomed way?
The only just compensation is, providing or creating an opportunity to
work. Any other form of compensation
might be looked upon as some form of
charity. But they do not want charity,
they demand justice and work.
A. F. of L. Suggests That Even Its
Editors Should Have Decent Wages.
The 1915 report of the executive
committee of tho A. F, of L. to the San
Francisco convention, says of the Labor press:
'ThoBe conditions made labor papers
necessary and they have struggled
against tremendous obstacle*—hampered .by lack of appreciation, friends,
facilities and opportunities.
"Each year brings increases in tho
power and number of the labor pnpers
of the land. They are tremendous dynamic forces giving publicity to the
cause of human welfare and tho struggle of the workers for justice and a
better life. They herald abroad the
news of Labor—the idoals that touch
tho things of daily life and make
them to glow with the- glory of humanity. They tell tho facts of tho workers' lives and of the struggles for a
better life.
'Usually in a secluded office, work
the labor editors who dedicate their
lives to the cause of publicity for Labor. Their reward has been frequently
but a meagro living nnd the satisfaction of a great work done. The Labor
movement stands for decent wages—
an ideal that must be extended to labor
'The labor papers by bringing about
understanding of conditions, are a powerful element in helping to unify and
give direction to the Labor Movement.
They journey throughout the length
and breadth of tbe land entering into
the mentnl life of each reader, expanding in some way his thought and
consequently his acts. They nre an
incalculable power in the Labor movement and ought to be supported financially and morally by all the workers,
and those who genuinely sympathize
with the great causo of Labor."
Floral Art-
Wo mako a specialty of wreaths,
crosses, harps, anchors, pillows,
etc. See us for subscription designs. We can give you Bpecial |
840 Granville Street
Seymour 2405
Refined Service
One Block west of Court Houee,
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free  to all
Telephone Seymour 1485
Vanoouver—Office and Chanel.
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. she.
North Vancouvor — Offloe and
Chapel, li!—Sixth St. Weat, rhone
New — Modern — Fireproof
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
{Now under the management of W. V. MOSAN
Boom with detached bath ;....;.; < .ai.oo net iu as
Bern with private hath ../......tlM pu tS it
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Oar electric motor but meeti all boats aad trains fm
LOTUS GRILL-Open Continuously
FBOM 1 a.m.> to MIDNIGHT .
Hnsle from (.SO to S.S0 and 10 te nldoliht
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops
by Union Labor.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
And on sale at all Liquor Stores in
When the
call boy comes around
ISHH HAT shape will you be in for work if you
■ Wl **ave been sw,alce half the night tossing
^LILII restlessly with aching teethf
HE3I Aching teeth come from continued
^•^^1 neglect*—putting off from day to day
■QlCl when you know you should have your
LJKJ    teeth attended to.
Not only is a man out of condition
for work if his teeth are not right—it affects his digestion if he cannot chew his food properly, and that
opens the door for a whole train of trouble. '
Put It down on your call sheet to make a date with me
to have your teeth looked over. Examination coata
you nothing. Estimates given before you bave any
work done.
Hygienic Crowns and
Solid 22-karat gold, best
where—and the price only
work you can get any-
If you must have them,
have tho best—restoring'
facial expression fully. .
per tooth
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St., W.
Cor. Seymour St.
Phone Sermour 3555
per set
Advertising Value of
Electric Light
The merchant who uses electricity for the general
lighting of his store, but who does not avail himself
of the advantages afforded by the electric current
for Adverising Purposes is not improving all his opportunities. The advertising value of a brilliantly
lighted show window cannot well be estimated.
Trade follows electric light wherever, and in whatever form it appears, and the strong appeal of brilliant electric illumination, and of electric signs, is
but the working of a natural law.
Tempting show window displays enhanced by electric light indicate the progressive store.
Salesrooms— Phone Seymour
Carrall and Hastings Streets CAAA
1138 Granville St., Near Davie OUUU
|Ten Fed. Sub. Cards for $10
1000 Sacks of
to Sell
M^heBudsonsBayCompany. Ml
L|f.   J taaaaaaama  ura     oxastms. saamSM.atmtt cwiwnmm *^  _'^^/
Granville and Georgia Streets
1916       1916
May your washing of clothes be lightened.
May your hard rubbing and boiling be nil,
Mny you know you 'can save money and frighten
All worry and. trouble kill.
This only by using
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
(We Keep British Columbia Clean)
Phone Seymour 210 Phone Seymour 210
Wellington Lump  $6;50
Wellington Nut No. i .$6.00
Wellington Nut No. 2...... .'. $5.00
Comox Lump .'. $6.50
Comox Nut '.. .'. $5.50
0. H. Mumm ft Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whiiky
Whyte & Maekay, Whiiky
William Teaoher A Som, Highland Cream Whisky
White Boole, Lithia Water
. Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Letup's Beer
O. Prdler & Oo.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., eto.
  Goo.l lor one year's subscription to The B.
n /\ r-. t t -T-. f\ a r% t«v rn c* Federatlonist, will be mailed to any ad.
Ill SIT K I A RTl'S Oreu in Osnede lor »10. (Oood anywhere
•«WU *-*. \**AA\.AJ*J mtl\de 0, y.neouver elty.)    Order tsn to-
dsy.    Remit when soil.
goo* Of ■"■gr
Noumhin^jr )
Ogilvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
Saskatchewan Congress Executive Met Cabinet
v Last Week
Agenda Comprises Subjects
Very Familiar to Organized Labor
A minimum wage of not less than $8
per week for women; equal suffrage
and state accident insurance are among
tbe matters upon which the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada labor executivo of Saskatchewan are seeking legislation at the present session of the provincial legislature. When the members
of the Saskatchewan labor. executive
waited upon the representatives of the
government last week, twenty-two
items were on the agenda paper in regard to which legislation was sought.
The Labor Deputation.
The labor deputation consisted of
Messrs. B. H. Chadwick, vice-president,
Moose Jaw; F. B. Judson, Prince Albert; J. D. Wallace, Saskatoon, and Alderman H. Perry, Regina, and they were
introduced to the memberB of the government by T. M. Molloy, provincial
labor commissioner. Hon. J. A. Calder,
Hon. A. P. McNab and Hon. Oeo. Bell
received the deputation on behalf of
the government.
Prior to the meeting a short session
of the labor executive was held in Be-j
gina on Thursday, when a programme
of the matters requiring attention was
drawn up.
Included in the list are such items as
direct legislation, ammendments to the
Cities act, compulsory contribution to
the Patriotic Fund, standardizing of all
school books and compulsory school attendance.
Complete Agenda.
The complete agenda was as follows:
1. ' State accident insurance a« in Ontario. In regard to this clause in waB
suggested that it would be advisable to
look into the provisions of the Ontario
Workmen's Compensation act, which includes this feature, with a view to
amendments ta the Saskatchewan act.
2. Compulsory inquest into all fatal
accidents. " ■
3. Minimum wage for women not
less than $8 per week.
4. Equal suffrage for men and women over 21 years of age.
5. Abolition of the election deposit.
It was explained that at the present
session of the house the election act
would probably be up for amendment,
and this will be one of the things which
will be considered.
6. To enact a law providing for direct legislation. '*
7. Abolition of nil private employment agencies.
8. Union label on all government
printing, including school books and
that all government printing, ruling
and book binding, in so far as Ib possible, be done in the province and that
contracts for government printing
should contain a clause stating that all
work be done in the province.
9. That the Building Trades Protection act bt) amended by adding a new
section providing for the proper disin-
fection of workmen and their clothing j
when engaged in plumbing, renovating,
or altering plumbing or any other work
in hospitals or similar institutions,
10. An act calling for the licensing
of all plumbers. ,
11. Amendments to the Cities act.
Several-amendments to this act were!
asked for, including the lengthening of
the period up to which a householder
could register his name on the voters'
list, -and also -asking for reduction in
the amount of rent whieh must be paid j
annually by a tenant before he eould
be placed on the list. In addition it
was asked that the office of the city
assessor be open for thirty days prior
to the last day on which names could
be placed on the list from 9 a.m. to 5
p.m. and during the hours of of 7 p.m.
to 9 p.m. Another amendment asked
was tnat any. person oh paying taxes
for thevcurrent year or poll or income
tax should be automatically placed on
the voters' list. Another feature of the
Cities amendment was the request that
in addition to the lock block plan, etc.,
on the voters' list, there should be
added the last known address of the
12. , Compulsory contribution to the
Patriotic fund. This clause asks for an
act to provide for taxing, for the funds
of the patriotic fund, so as to include
everyone on a fair and equitable basis.
13. The enforcement of regulations
for the protection of the Electrical
WorkerB as provided for under the order in council passed at the 1914 session.
14. An amendment to the Cities act,
calling for a change in the amounts paid
to aldermen, changing the amount per
meeting from 43 to $10, and fixing the.|
maximum amount which may be paid in
any one year as 4500 in place of 9150 as
Id. Asking for a pamphlet to be
printed outlining the rights of farm laborers and harvest help.
16. That justices of the peace be
compelled to hoar all cases laid before
In this respect the ministers had before them correspondence in regard to
this matter, citing an example where a
justice of the peace refused to hear a
case. It is understood this matter will
be tnken up and investigated.
17. Bureau of labor to have control
$12.00, $15.00
or $18.00
Is your limit for
eee what we have to offer.
Oood Variety, New Styles
The Men's Clothing Centre
1217-1219-1221    Oovernment   Bt.
and Trounce Arenas
Secretary-treasurer of District No. 18,
U. M. W. of A., Fernie, who attended
the recent Vancouver convention of
the B. C. F. of L., and hurried home
to attend both the District and International conventions.
of the granting of licenses to moving
picture operators.
IS. Standardizing of all school text
books, the said books to be provided
free to scholars, or sold at actual cost.
Also urged school attendance to be
made compulsory,,
19. Medical, surgical and optical
treatment be made free to school children and that no school board be allowed
to make vaccination compulsory.
20. That the, teaching of the English langauge in all public schools of
the province be made compulsory.
(With regard to the two above matters it was thought that aa the whole
educational question was now being
discussed it would be good policy to
continue co-operation with the educational league and that as this matter
would probably be taken up at the next
session the view's of the labor organization could be presented at that time.)
21. That situations advertised as vacant shall in all cases state .the name
of the prospective employer.
22. That the Factories act be amended by adding certain regulations for
the controlling of metal and gas fumes
arising from typesetting machines in
printing offices and providing for the
installation of proper systems of ventilation;
Delegates Speak.
These matters were gone into in detail
by the delegates .of the congress provincial executive and each delegate spoke
in behalf of several of tho items on the
agenda paper. The cause of state accident insurance was championed by Delegate R. H. Chadwick of Moose Jaw.
Alderman Perry waB the speaker on behalf of the clause relative to minimum
wage for women; equal suffrage was
championed by Delegate F. B. Judson
of Prince Albert, while Delegate J. D.
Wallace spoke on behalf of direct legislation.
rThe prevailing severe weather is responsible for the temporary * closing
down of sewer work' throughout the
municipality of South Vancouver, Between three and four hundred men are
thereby thrown out of employment,
There is considerable speculation
amongst the municipal employees as to
the probable outcome of a resolution
passed by the new council giving one
month's notice to those in all departments. The notice expires on February
29, and is given with a view to reorganization. For the purpose of inquiring into the systems prevailing in the
surrounding districts, Reeve Winrara
and his council visited Point Grey, Burnaby and New Westminster during the
past week.
At a meeting of the school board
I held on Friday, January 28, estimates
''for ordinary expenditure for the year
1916, aggregating $158,085.60 were
.passed. This amount is made up as follows; Teachers' salaries, $83,140; janitors' salaries, $10,585; school supplies,
repairs, etc.,.$37,000; officials' salaries,
management expenses, etc., $21,300.50.
Several times during the meeting,,
Chairman -Neelands was called upon to
exercise his casting vote—chiefly in
cases where drastic reductions in salaries were proposed, his decision'always
being against any unreasonable cut in
favor of the salary more-in keeping
with the services rendered, and that
would make for a continuance of the
present high standard of efficiency of
tho school system of South Vancouver,
Reflections on War and Peace.
Editor B. C. Federationist: The argument's against war have changed with
the age in which they have been put
forward. And so, in this capitalistic
age they amanate from the profit and
loss theory that nowodays wars do not
pay even the victor.
This argument, though it may be the
most obviouB and indisputable ever put
forward against war, will not abolish
war, because it ascribes war to a most
superficial cause, the lust of material
It iB said that capitalistic interests
nre the real causes of wars nowadays,
but in reality they are an ephemeral
incentive for the real causes of war td
assert themselves.
Tbe real causes of wars, at least of
all wars of today, are conflicting ideals
and the will of man to fight, to suffer
and to die for an ideal. When such
ideals are lost, .wars, will cease, and
then humanity oh our planet will live
to fill its stomach and obey the rules to
prevent indigestion. Such a humanity
it is abject to conceive.
So when in a perhaps not distant future socialism will have achieved its
end, and will have endowed everyone
with roof and bread conflicting ideals
will be the torches that will light futue
Until one supreme ideal is conceived
by all humanity, conflicting ideals will
preservo war. Yet what may ty the
one supremo ideal, absolving humanity
from wars without precipitating it into
abject meanness? Perhaps it may be a
world religion. Yet for us today such
an ideal it is affirms life, is as yet inconceivable and It being so it is a question if its existence is possible at all;
Yet this world deligion may 'be a
negation of life come to through a
weariness of the strife of conflicting;
there are such, and their being recognized as the supreme error, the essence
of life, the trick the world spirit has
played upon us.
Or else such recognition, if it refuses
to negate life, may come to exalt it and
all It means into a religion of life. Then
life will stand for its own sake, be
accepted as its own meaning and its
conflicting ideals as a means to attain
life's fullest realization which may
come tq man only in a supreme contest
with himself, a conflict where only
through readiness to throw away life
he may attain the heights of its realization—in the end a negation of life, indeed, but through its first fullest and
most primitive realization—heroism.
(MRS.) C. B. h.
Porcupine Bristles -with Profits.
Notices are again appearing in the
newspapers containing the information
that the Hollinger Gold Mines, Ltd.,
of Porcupine, Ont., have declared a four
per cent, regular four-weekly dividend,
payable on January 28, 1916. This, it
may be said, is the 43rd dividend that
hns been paid. Four per cent, on a
four-weekly basis would mean 52 per
cent, per annum.
This is the corporation that imported
Thiol private detectives and gunmen a
couple of years ago to overawe the miners in its employ who were striking
against a practical reduction in wages.
It would appear to be up to the federal
government to raise a part of the war
expenditures by the taxation of big
profits, If men are asked to sacrifice
their lives for the country, wealth
should be forced to sacrifice, at least, a
Sart -of its fat dividends,—Industrial
Ten Sub. Cards for $10.
Ten yearly Fed. sub. oards for $10.
Pay as sold.  Order ten at once and help
to push the Fed's, circulation.
Speculation  Amongst Employees as to Outcome
of Notice
Estimates of School Board
for Year—No Drastic
.   Reductions
Private Detective Agencies Should Be
Legislated Out of Existence.
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., Winnipeg, in
the law amendments committee, when
dealing with the Private Detectives
bill, suggested that they ought to' be
legislated out of existence, was a very
good-1 one. These institutions aro dangerous to any community in which they
operate, as Winnipeg has learned from
experience. During a street car strike
here some-years ago a bunch of these
private detective thugs' was imported
from the States and sworn in as special
constables, and given authority to club
all and Bundry citizens. They aupply
spies of all descriptions—gunmen, slug,
artists and any old artist at a price.
Reports also to suit the price. Eliminate them, the community would be the
gainer.—The Voice.
Tho mysterious suicide, a .couple of
weeks ago, in the local Thiel office, Rogers' building, as a result of which one
of the officers has been committed for
trial, lends additional interest to tho
stand made by Mr, Rigg.
"Saving the Empire!"
F. B. Carvell, member for Carlton, N.
B., certainly got after the federal government in regard to shell contracts
and other easy money propositions. He
quotes some of the firms and some of
the profits that were made in "saving
the empire" at so much per save for
the political friends of the government.
He took a crack at the government's
travelling whitewash machine that has
been soothing tke minds of the disturbed citizens, but it is quite evident that
the shell scandal is of such proportions
that it will not bo downed.—Winnipeg
More Women Workers Wanted. ,
The British Labor Gazette for December says: "The shortage of both
skilled and unskilled labor became still
more marked. To some extent women
have been used to make good the deficiency, but there is room for further
developments in thiB direction during
the war. The number of women ordinarily employed is not, however,' sufficient to meet all the demands of the
situation created by the withdrawal of
so many men from their usual occupations, and by the requirements of the
forces. A new supply of labor is therefore required, which, in the present circumstances, can only be drawn from
among those women who have not hitherto been engaged in industry."
Men and Mules.
Under a new law in Pennsylvania,
said to have been enacted to protect
miners, it is provided that no less than
200 cubic feet of air por minuto must
be pumped into a mine for each man
working therein, and it is likewise decreed that each mule employed shall be
the recipient of at least 700 cubic feet
of air per minute. Perhaps if the miners live long enough and the "working-
man'b friends" in the legislature remain sufficiently diligent .and stick to
their task as saviors of society the men
may yet be placed upon a parity with
the mules. Pennsylvania has long, very
long, enjoyod the distinction < of being
the foremost state in the union in the
matter of harboring within its confines
the most' shameless plutocrats and jackass voters that ever nave come into juxtaposition anywhere.—American Socialist.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Largest and molt select itock ln
Western Canada. Easy Terms
and decent treatment, at war
Ume prices.
Hastings Furniture Co.Ltd.
Best Selection in the West in Men's
Better Grade Goat Sweaters
atgpencer's "
Toil can discriminate all you wish for there is ample choice here. Pay
the price-that suits your purse. You can't get a poor coat or one that
is not -worth every cent of the price -asked. To enumerate a few—
AT $3.96 we have a heavy weight two-ply worsted coat. It looks well
- keeps its shape well and.is a splendid wearer. For conductors, chauffeurs and men working in factories and shops this is a coat we recommend. Shawl collar. Colors plain and contrasty trimmed.
AT $4.50—A heavier weight 3-ply worsted coat, with a shawl collar,
in plain colors;
AT $4.76—A medium weight coat in two-ply yarn—pure wool, soft and
springy.   Also a three-ply pure wool in a fancy stitch, heavy weight.
Both excellent coats.
AT $6.60—An extra heavy largo roomy coat in three-ply yarn—very'
firm.and calculated to wear splendidly.
AT $6;76—"Pride of the West" pure wool coats.   A boautifully finished garment that has every good attribute a sweater coat can have,
We have sold thousands and never one complaint.
"Pride of the West" heavy "jumbo" knit $9.60
Sportsmen's coats, with leather reinforcements at  $8.60
David Spencer Limited
Phona Seymour 8880
New Blectric Auto Bu. Meets all Beats Md Trsins Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Moat '
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ; 100 with Private Baths
EUBOPEAN PL&T, »1.00 per Day op.
Capital. 815,000,000        Bait.... 113,000,000
Main Offlce;  Oorner Hastlngi and Qranvllle Streeta, Vancouver
ALMA ROAD Oor. Fourth Avenue and Alms Bosd
COMMERCIAL DRIVE, i Oor. First Annus .nd Comment.] Drive
EAST END Oor. Fender and Main Streets
FAIRTIEW Cor. Sixth Annus and Granville Strset
HASTINOS and CAMBIE Cor. Hastings and Cambie Streets'
KITSILANO , Cor. Fourth Avenu, and Tew Street   .
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
POWELL BTREET Cor. Vletorl. Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Frsssr Read
Alio North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue ud Esplanade
This Official List Of Allied Printing- Offices    '
BAOLET * SONS, Itl Hestlnts Street Sermour 810
BLPCHBEROER, F. R„ ait Broadway East Fairmont 108
BRAND * PERRY, 620 Pender Street. West  Seymour 9676
BURRARD PUBLISHING  CO.,  711  Seymour Street    ....Seymour  1580
CHINOOK PRINTINO CO., 4001 Main Street   ..Fairmont  1874
CLARKE A STUART, 830 Seymour Street Stymour 8
COWAN 4 BROOKHOUSE. Ubor Temple Balldinf Seymour 4400
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 487 Dunsmuir Street Seymour 1109
EVANS tt HASTINOS, Arts and Oralis Bids'., Seymour St Seymour 6650
JEWELL, M. L., 841 Pender St... Seymour 1444
KERSHAW, J. A., SSO Howe St Beymour »«74
LATTA, R P., 983 Gore Ave Beymour 1080
MAIN PRINTINO CO., 8851 Mala St Fairmont 1088
MoLEAN A SHOEMAKER. North Vancouver N. Van. 68
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Robson BU Seymoar 4848
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 901 Pender'St Seymour 1038-41
NORTH SHORE PRESS. North Vancouver N Van. 60
PAOIFIO PRINTERS. World Bulldlnf Seymour 0503
PEAROE A HODGSON, 619 Hamilton Street Seymoar 3036
ROEDDE, O. A., 916 Homer Street Seymour 364
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Csmble St Beymour 6603
TERMINAL OITT PRES8, 3408 Westminster Road Falrm»nt 1140
THOMSON STATIONERY, 835 Hsstings W Seymour 8610
TIMM8. A. H.. 280 Fourteenth Ave. E Fairmont 68IR
WESTERN PRESS, 838 Cordova W. Seymour 7666
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dunsmuir 81 Beymour 3636
WHITE * BINDON, 167*163 Cordova St Seymour 1815
Writ. "Union Ubel" oa Tour Oepr whan Tn Sand It ta the Printer
Two Stores and Three Offices To Let
At Low Rentals,! in the
Cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streete
Tha completion ol the Georfla-Harria Street viaduct hu placed
the Labor Temple ln the flow ol down-town trafflc.
II interested call on or phono
Seymour 749S
ROOM 211
Sey. 7495
csn supply sll your Printing
needi, No Job too large or
too amall. First-class work*
manship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices sre right and we
deliver when wanted.


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