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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 9, 1916

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Array THE B1ITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY :   STEENOTH. «®» <? OFFICIAL PAPEB ■ VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL AND B. C. FEDEBATION OP LABOB ^gm,   POl ittpat  itnttv . vto-rnow i
EIGHTH YEAR.   No. 23
OFFICIAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 9, 1916
POLITICAL UNITY : VICTOBYI
(In Vancouver\
Cltjr $2.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
INMEAS
Annual Toll on Industrial
Battlefield Is Simply
Astounding
Profit, Pomp and Power the
Underlying Motive of
Industry
FIGURES RECENTLY mado public
by the Interstate Commerce commission at Washington, show that 2581 persons wero killed and 43,618 injured by
railroad accidents during thc three
mouths ending September 30, 1915. It
must bo remembered that this did not
happen "somewhere in France" during
times of war, but in the United Stntes
during times of pence. And this killing
and maiming has been a result of rnilwny operation alone. Just what the
grand total of killed and crippled would
be if all oilier branches of industry hnd
mnde returns, is aot known, but it would
certainly have attained no inconsiderable proportions, nnd might have oven
given the toll of Mara ax close run for
supremacy as a quarterly report of
blond and butchery.
Industrial Casualties.
Tho terrific loss of life nnd the crippling nnd maiming incidental to the
boasted industrial processes of today, is
truly appalling; The magnitude of it is
quite sullieieut to prompt us to pause
and consider whether the achievements
of modern industry are worth the terrible price the workers have to pay for
its operation. Not only do they pay
with tlieir sweat and ngony, but with
their very lives ns well, and all thoy
get out of it is, at the most, but n bnre
nnd meagre existence, oven if they nro
fortunate enough to escape being maimed, or killed outright.
Thoro is upon this western continent
something like 125(1,1)0(1 miles of ruilway,
equipped with hundreds of thousands of
locomotives nnd millions of cars und all
the other necessnry puraphronalia for
the handling of traffic. Outside of the
rnilwnys the industrial machinery of
the continent is the most gigantic, nnd
powerful on earth.
Is Worker Any Better Off?
The amount of wealth turned out and
poured into the world's market is almost beyond computation; And yet we
may well nsk if the average working
mnn is nny better oil' thnn his ancestor
of two centuries ago? Can the worker
make his living any easier than his fore-
hour eould back iu those days when the
production of wenlth was still a hand
process? Does the enormous volume of
wealth now turned out by menus of this
complicated und powerful industrial establishment, conserve any genuine and
healthy human purpose? Does the toting of millions of human beings and
countless tons of wealth up nnd down
the lenglh nnd breadth of the earth,
renlly tend to satisfy any legitimate
and worthy human need? Does it iu
nny manner lighten the burden of toil
upon human sliouldorat Does it in-
creuse the well-being of the toilers and
widen their opportunities to live, to
know and to enjoy? Does all of the
world's Industrial und transportation
power conserve any other purpose than
that of gratifying the ambition of rulers nnd ruling classes to hold the swny
of empire over the world's toilers nnd
revel in the fnt that is ground out of
their blood nnd sweut?
And All for "Profit."
Ruling clnss pump, power nnd aggrandizement is the underlying motive of
modurn industry, and it is for the coil-
Btfrvatiou of such vulgarity that this
monstrously brutal und bloody industrial mechanism of capitalist production
exists. Wo know of no other excuse to
offer in its defence. Thut is conserves
any legitimate nnd healthy human purpose we deny. That a multitude of useful human beings nre sacrificed upon its
bloody ttltftr, in older that a savor may
nriso unto the nostrils of the ruling
class God, capital, is shown, uot only
in the record of ruilway and other industrial neeidents, but nlso iu the glorious carnage now going on "somewhere" in various places, in the name
of liberty and "an enduring peace."
Hut thnt is as it should be. for are wo
not living under Ihe rule of property,
nnd is not the toiler still "brother to
the ox!" E. T. K.
WHY WORKERS ARE LEAVING
B.-G. ATAN ALARMING RATE
VANCOUVER IS MENTIONED by Tho Voice, Winnipeg, as one
of the points at which private detective agencies have been able
to secure "scabs" to replace the striking teamsters of the
Prairie Capital City. That such is thc case, is not to the credit of this
eity or province. However, to the decreasing number of members of
the organized labor movement left in this province, it is not so hard to
understand. Wage-workers with average intelligence, and where possible, are leaving British Columbia as rapidly as possible. They have
lost hope and arc anxious to secure any excuse or means of getting
out. When any proposal for "free" transportation or opportunity
comes up from uny source, these men lose no time in accepting any
terms or conditions, on the ground that they will at least get away
trom unbearable working conditions here. "It can't be any worse
elsewhere" they reason. And it will be found that in many cases,
after they reach their destination they will baulk at strike-breaking
and move on in search of the elusive job or to get away from pestering
recruiting agents.
Mighty Qood Reasons, Too!
And, after all, is it any wonder? More than 70 per cent, of the miners in the Slocan district are "alien enemies." Practically all the employees ol' Messrs. Foley Bros., Welch & Stewart, railway and tunnel
contractors, are "bohunks" ol* the Austrian species. The timber industry is almost exclusively in the hands of Japanese, Chinese and
lOast Indians. In fact more than 30,000 Orientals are now residents of
British Columbia, and their number is constantly increasing. The
fishing industry, and market gardening, is exclusively in the bauds of
Orientals. The majority ol: miners employed at the Britannia mines,
Howe Sound, are Austrians and other foreigners. The coal mine operators are increasing tho number of Japanese in the mines.
"Aliens" Take Places of Those Who Enlist.
In fact for every man who enlists for overseas service, an "alien
enemy" or an Oriental takes his place in the industrial world. And it
is further announced that interned Germans are to be liberated to help
(ill these vacancies.
An agitation is being started in certain quarters to put: the "war
widows" to work in place of the. few male, citizen workers left on the
street railway system and in other places. Those who are belching
the loudest about the workers failing to enlist are themselves taking
no chances of getting their precious hides punctured.
Some of the "jungle" element of the Labor market recently secured
a few dollars from old-party politicians for "plugging,".but this
doubtful industry seems to have pretty well petered out: of late.
Tho real estate boom has pinched out, and the formation of trust:
companies is no longer a lucrative pastime for adventurers.
Workers' Stupidity Alone to Blame.
Under anything like sane social conditions, British Columbia is one
of the rarest spots on the planet. It abounds in natural resources, and
is capable of providing for thousands upon thousands. But practically everything in sight, has been handed over to American trust magnates, old country pay-triots and "Bill and Dan." This was all made
possible through thc political stupidity of the working class on each
succeeding election day.   .
What WUl Labor Do?
There is another general election in sight for September next. But
the chaotic mess the labor market is in just now makes organization
and intelligible protest almost, impossible. The outlook is not: promising. But there are still enough trade unionists and wage-workers in
the provinoe to keep the Hag of Labor afloat. And upon these rests a
gigantic responsibility. They, undoubtedly, will do their very best.
None can do more. But what the near future holds in storo for the
wage-workers of British Columbia is problematical. II takes so much
Hope to make a meal. The triumph of old Capitalism is about complete so far as this province is concerned. Probably, later on, sheer
necessity will compel the remaining workers lo adopt methods and
policies making for the solution.
ONTARIO LABOR
VOICESPROTEST
Action of the Federal Authorities
in Placing Munitions and War
Supply Workers Under tho
Scope of the Canadian Industrial Disputes Act Is Roundly
Condemned.
By unanimous vote the Labor
Educational Association of Ontario, in eonvention nssembled,
voices its dissent nnd unalterable
opposition to snid action as being
unjust nnd uncalled for, and decides to forward a request to the
executive of tho Trades and Labor Congress of Canada to prepare a protest tn be forwarded tn
tlio various labor organizations
throughout the Dominion, with
the suggestion thnt they endorse
the same and send them on to tho
premier ut Ottnwn with the request that the ordrr-in-cnuneil bc
immediately repealed.—Industrial
Banner.
When a Feller Is Out of a fob.
OF ROYAL CITY
m
Elect Officers and Initiated
New Members at Last
Meeting
Cheap Female Labor Is In
Demand—No Room for
Family Man
con si
Recent Conference Refuses
to Recognize Members
of I. T. U.
LETTER CARRIERS'
Letter Carriers Endorse Retail Clerks'
Saturday Half-Holiday.
At the regular meeting of Brunch 12,
F. A. of I,. C., held lust Fridny, the
following resolutions woro unanimously
pnssed:
Resolved, that branch No. 12, F. A. of
L. C, endorses tho movement in favor
of the Saturday half-holiday for retnil
clerks, etc., and be it further
Resolved, that this branch do nil in
its power to nssist in obtaining the Sat*
itrduy as the legal half-holiday, nnd, be
it further
Resolved] thnt copies of the resolutions be forwarded to tho Retnil Clerks'
association, and to the local press.
Bros. Dodd and Knowles reported the
Trndes and T,nhor couneil meetings. Bro.
Knowles' report covered the second an-
nual picnic arrangements, nnd he gave
nn extended report on the proceedings
of the convention entertainment committee, Considerable discussion took
place on the proposed nmendmentH to
tin1 constitulion. as outlined on tho
ngeuda subaiitted by the federated see-
rotary.
Further discussion on the convention
resolutions will be in order at the next
meeting. Friday, July (1, also a more
complete report re the eonvention enler-
tuiinneiits, and full details of the picnic
will bo submitted. Flense attend, it is
your duty. F. K.
United States Printers May
Place M. E. Church on
Unfair List
Many local unions of the Internntion
al Typographical union in thc United
States uro just now mnking n hot light
against tho non-union Methodist Book
concern. Wallace Watson, in the Union
Labor Journal, snys, in part:
" ... At any rnte Methodism
has loft organized lubor no longer in
doubt. At its conference, just closed,
by u 2 to J vote, it hns declared itself
opposed to tho use of organized lnbor in
itH great national bookroom. Those who
henceforth rend its publications, or sing
praise to the Carpenter Christ from a
Methodist hymn book will know they
nre using unti-uuion productions. Summed up, it simply menus that its great
printing department refuses to recognize
a band of men who have struggled for
years to give men a living wngo to provide for its people when sick, and put
its infirm into its own homo rather than
leave them a public chnrge, und when
dead, bury thom in its own ground
rather than see the county do it from
public funds. The recent devision of
the Methodist conference means it refuses all this Christly work and prefers
to pny a lower wage, leave u man unprovided for in sickness and a public
charge when cither infirm or (lend. It
simply decrees to got ull the work it
can out of him in health, and when
worn out leave the taxpayer to maintain him. If the printers (if the United
Stntes do not put the JI. H, church on
the national unfair list, it will be because they arc kinder und more merciful
than the divine (?) teachers in tho Methodist church."
ONTARIO FEDERATION OF LABOR
Labor Educational Association Convention on May 24 a Success,
Speaking of tho recent convention of
Ontario's equivalent to a provincial
federation of lnbor, the Industrial Banner says: "Perhaps, however, the most
significant fnct iu connection with tho
convention wns the recognized necessity
on the pnrt of the delegates generally
in regard to the necessity for the election of Labor representatives to the Dominion parliament aad the Ontario legislature, and for Lnbor to assert itself
at the ballot box. Never at any former
gathering of Labor representatives hus
this phase of the Labor movement been
so strongly omphnsized, und it indeed
promises more than well of the immediate future. From every viewpoint the
recent convontion wus n pronounced success, and it has certainly nnd unmistakably laid the groundwork for future
effective action nnd success."
CANADA A GOOD SECOND
Industrial Toll Reaches Frightful Figure Each Year.
' Workers to the number of :ir>,0n0 nrei
killed in tho United Stntes every yonr
while engnged nt labor in tho mines,
mills, shops und rnilroads of the capitalist class. The total number of''workers
injured annuully is 1,600,000. A million
anil n half of cripples made every year
by capitalism. The workers give'life
and limb in times of ponce to multiply
the millions in wenlth of the capitalist
class. Tho workers give life and limb
in times of wnr to secure the multiplication of the millions in wealth of the
capitalist clnss. The workers give, give
und give. It's lime they wero learning
to tnke.—Cleveland Citizen.
]U EW WESTMINSTER, Juno 7.-Tho
** second meeting of tho newly-organized Civic Employees' association
was held in the Labor Templo Friday,
night. From the attendance und spirit
displayed by the members the success of
the orgnnization is assured. The committee appointed to draft bylaws made
Iheir report, and the recommendations
of tho committeo were accepted, with n
few minor alterations. The election of
officers resulted in the election, nfter
several ballots, of R. Morgan, president;
G. McMttrphy, vice-president; T. Wood,
secretary; T. O'Brfon, treasurer; 11.
I'rousc, warden; R. Rcid, G. O'Malley
and T. Gregory, trustees; .T. W. Grigor,
W. Blackburn and W. Cherry, executive
committee. Aftor election,'the ollicers
look np their duties and the meeting
then considered several items of new
business pertaining to Ihe extension of
the association to cover all employees
of the city. Tho quostion of afflHating
with the Trades und Lnbor council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor was laid
over to next meeting for discussion.
Four now members were admitted to
membership nnd several applications received from others not present. Tho
next nieeting will be held iu the Labor
Temple on Friday, July 7, at 8 o'clock.
New Industry for Royal City.
The city council has leased two wafer-
front lots to a new firm for the purpose
of erecting n faotory to dry vegetables
nnd fruit. The factory is lo be started
ui once, nnd will cost about $16,000,
and when completed, will employ about
150 hands to oporato.
Feminine Berry-pickers Wanted.
There is a demand hero now for berry
pickers to go to Hatzlc for the summer
to pick berries. The wages paid will be
26 cents por crate, and it is said that a
good picker can pick from 4 to 7 crntes
per dny. Tents or cottages with camp
furniture and mattresses nnd cooking
utensils will be furnished free, and
other supplies can lie purchased on the
ground. Applications should be inudo
ut once to Mr. T. Turnbull at the city
hall.
White Workers Being Starved Out.
That low wng's are gradually starving white men out of the country aad
forcing thom to leave for other places
to seek omploymont, wns proved very
fully last week when one of tlie local
mill's found it necessnry to send to Victoria to get Chitlks to operute tlie mill.
With young men working for wnges
ranging from Sc per hour up in the shell
factories and girls working It) hours per
duy nnd six duys per week for sj-li a
tt'CCk, there does not seem to lie much
chance for n mnn with n family to sup
port to stny here nny longer, unless hi
happens to'be one of those lucky ones
who have a steady job to anchor to,
[By Snm Walter Fobs]
All nature is sick, from her heels to hor hair,
W'en n feller is out of a job;
She is all out of kilter un' out of repair,
W'en n feller is out of a job.
Ain't no juice in the earth an' no salt in tho sea,
Ain't no ginger in lifo in this Innd of the free,
An' the universe ain't whut it's cracked up to be
W 'en n feller is out of a job.
Wat's tho good of blue skieB an' of blossomin' treeB
Won n feller is out of a job?
W'en yer boy he/, lurge putches on both of his knees
W'en n feller is out of n job?
Them pntches, I say, look so big to yer eye
That they shot out tho Ian 'scape an' cover tho sky,
An' the sun can't shine through 'om the best it can try
W'en u feller is out of a job.
W'en n mnn hus no pnrt in the work of the eurth,
W'en u feller is out of a job;
He fools the whole blund'rin' mistuke of his birth,
W'en a feller is ont of a job.
He feels he's no Bhnro in tho whole of the plnn,
That he's got the mitten from Nature's own han',
Thnt lie's a rejected an' left-over man,
W 'on a teller is out of u job.
For you've jest lost' yer holt with tho reBt of the crowd,
W'en a feller is out. of a job;
An' you feel like a dead man with nary a shroud,
Won a filler is ont of a job.
You ure erawlin*' aroun' but yet out of thc game,
You  may bnstle  about—but yer (lend jest the sume—
Yer dead with no tombstone to puff Up your nrimo,
W 'en u feller is out of a job.
Ev'ry man that's a mun wants to help push the world,
But he can't if he's tail of a job;
He is left out behind, on the shelf he is curled,
Won a feller is out'of a job.
Ain't no juice in the earth nn' no snlt ia the sea,
Ain't no ginger in life in this Innd of the free,
An' the universe ain't what it's cracked up to be
Wen a feller is out of a job.
From "Dreams in Homespun.'
ton, Mass.    .'f.l.50 postpaid.
Copyright by Lee and Shopnrd, Bos-
III
SAY WORKERS OF APPEAL TO TRADE
Acting Prime Minister, Senator Pearce, Makes a
Statement
STREET RAILWAYMEN
HALF »y
WiU Assist Retail Clerks to
Secure the Day That
They Want
'Bull Pen" Chatter Covering
Multifarious Current
Subjects
Fifty Per Cent, of War Profits Must Be Paid Over
to Government
British Trade Union Congress.
It hus boon decided that the British
Trnde Onion Congress will meet this
yonr. Tho session will lie hold in Birmingham, week of Sopt, 4. Tt is likely
thnt, besides tlioso from America aeons*
tomed to attend, fraternal delegates \vill
bo present from Franco nnd perhaps
other continental countries.
Next Labor Council Meeting.
Vnncouver Trades and Labor council
will moot next Thursday ovoning, June
15. Tin* parliamentary committee will
convene on the preceding Wednesday
ovoning. Every delegate to the central
labor body Bhould make it a point to
attend. Roprosont'ntlVos ot the press
nnd visitors nre welcome nt the meeting.
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. ff, liny 10—(Special
Correspondence to The Fedcrntion-
ist.)—Speaking in tlie Commonwealth
Australian parliament, tho acting prime
niinislcr, Solictor Pearce, said thnt the
Commonwealth Lnbor government wus
totally opposed to conscription, lie
gave out thc following reasons ior the
above: (1) That it could aot be definitely stated how long the war would
last, consequently the time during whloh
Australia will be required to send men
to the front is indefinite, end uny compulsion will have u disastrous effect on
recruiting, because when thc number
decided on hud beon rnised, it would
have boon contended thut Australia hud
fulllllod its obligations. (The number
decided lo be raised is 300,000,—W. F.
A.) (2) There nre reasons which are
•onlidcutinl why the date should not be
Used for the reconsidering of the whole
question of voluntary enlistment. (3)
The prime minister of Australin, .Mr.
Hughes, is now in thc closest consultation with the British authorities, lie
will return shortly to Australia, und
will bring with him full Information ns
regards tlie military position und othor
Factors which peculiarly nffeot Austin*
lin. These factors nre of such a iialiire
that they ennnot be mnde public, but
later on a private disclosure will be
made to members of parliament.
Australia Has Contributed 251,000 Men.
Tlie prime minister snid that up tn
Muy (I, there hus ombnrkod from Ann*
truiiu 180,000 troops, while u further
08.000 were in training—making a total
enlistment from Australia of BSj.OOO
The federal treasurer delivered his
budget ut thc opening of parliament, lb
snid Ihe receipts from ull sources up till
■luiic Ml nest would be $446,000,000,
nnd Ihe total expenditure would In*
$880,000,000, leuving n bnlunce of $115,.
WMi.ouf) lo commence the new {Inanclal
yonr with. Wur expenditure would be
nearly $880,000,000,
War Profits Taxed 50 Por Cent.
The federal treasurer announced,
iiniidst ringing cheeis. thut the wnrtimc
profits would be taxed at Ihe rate of 50
per ceo*.
Pension Increased.
[By J. E. O.]
■THE ONLY ITEM of interest in and
1 uround tho "bull pen" this week is
the new running schedule, which is now
being signed up. Mnny and varied nro
I lie complaints regarding some-of tho
runs, but we should worry nbout the
bull pen" grouclicrs. The Lnbor
Temple is the plnco where nil kicks and
grievances nre considered oa their merits, where legitimate complaints rcceivo
courteous consideration, und where you
inve the udvice and experience of
brother members to help find a solution
to your troubles. A big meeting en-
'ournges the officers of the division and
gives them the idea thnt they are voicing the requests of the locnl as a wholo
when they journey down to tho bond
ifliee on their periodical trouble-smoothing pilgrimages.
Tho Company "Bulletin."
The bulletins on the cars lust Friday
d .Saturday caused quito a little com*
■nt.   There seems to be u lot of people
ia  need  of the $15, and .$10 aad $5
prizes.   The only discordant note was
relative to the fact that thc bulletins
bore  no  printers'  union  Inbel.    This,
however, can easily bc remedied, as wo
indeistnnd thut the folders ure to be is*
lied each week.
"Overseas" News.
There wns u rumor afloat some time
ngo to Ihe effect that one of our members who wns one of the Ilrst to lenvo
for fhe seul of wnr, wns very seriously
injured. We hnvo received Information
this week to the effect that Bro. Bob
White is still iu gooil health and not injured in uny way: so wc dispose of that
yarn, * .* .* No, Mac, w;e do not
know when Bro. Joe Brown will receive
his commission. Neither do we know
when the "hot air battalion" will be
formed.
"Movie" Houses and "Aliens."
The movie picture hbtiso proprietors
propose to ignore the Operntors' union.
All right, so long us they don't make
too much noise nbout it. Bnf there is a
persistent story uround thnt certnin of
the larger houses nre controlled by what
| we know* ns "alien enemies." If this
f is so, then wo havo no need to worry,
rccenlly chartered by tho' '•'■••' people of this city will bc ia posses-
American Federation of Labnr, has is- j 8io" "f tl,c faots in d"° mm0'
sued an nppeul fo all national and inter* |
national unions to assist the teachers in ;
their organizing campaign. The tench*
cr.s sny:
"Thorough   going   changes   in   our
Ask for Co-operation in the
Building Up of a Strong
Organization
Issue Message to All Teachers to Join in Helping
Themselves
Tin*:
Tcnc
A.MKIIIt'AN    Federation
Machinists Are Busy.
Organizer 1). JfoCallllm of the Machinists, who hns been doing good work
bore for tho past few weeks, paid Victoria a visit during tho week. No do-1
tailed word hns been received covering:
scule negotiations at Winnipeg. Severn! t
more new members were initiated at '
list night 's mooting.
MORE JAP THAN WHITE
BABIES BOEN ON COAST
SACRAMENTO, June ll.—In Ihe rural
portion of Sacramento county (hore
hnve been more Japanoso than white
babies born ench yenr for three yenrs,
there being 108 Jnpanoso to 107 white
babies in 1(115. In the city of Wnfsiui*
villi! IIP Japanoso nnd 108 while bnbies
were born Inst year.
Oppose "Preparedness" Parado.
The wuge-euriicrs of Snn Francisco
will be conspicuous by their absence in
the so-called prepureilness parado to be1
held in thui city on Saturday, July 8,
 ler Ihe auspices of the Vnciflc f'nasl ,
Defense lengue. The entire organized
lnbor movemont of San Francisco is on j
record as being "unalterably opposed
to the so-cnlled preparedness parado,"
and hns "repudiated the military pre* j
purcdiiess boosters." I
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS DURING
THE COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, June 11—Stage Employees, Musicians, Moving Picture Operators.
MONDAY, June 12—Amal. Engineers, Paternmakors, Electrical
Workors No, 213, Brotherhood
(if Locomotive KnginrorH.
TUESDAY, Juno 13--Btono Cutters, Pressmen, Barbers.
WEDNESDAY, .Inn.' II—Storm-
typors, Stroot Rallwaymen.
THURSDAY, Juno 16—Malnton-
anco-of-way Mon', Trades and
Labor council.
FRIDAY, .htm' 10—Railway Carmen, Molders.
Wn
pensions are tn uo incroasoti in
the caBo of private soldiers Prom .$5 to
$7.80 por week.
Waiting Return of Mr. Hughes.
It is thought tin' government will not
ilo anything in the mutter of a radical
nature until tho return of Mr. Hughes,
tlie prime minister,.next August. Thus
it Booms that wc 'nre freo for about
three months nt tho very outside. But
the govornment makes no secret of tin.
fact thnt if the results of voluntarism
nre ;i failure when the prime minister
comes Imi'k, it will he liis work to face
the situation.
Workers Hold Conscription Conforonco.
Personally, I oxpect thnt much will
depend on Ihe attitude of the oonBCrtp-
tion conforonco thui in Hilling in Melbourne noxt week. It is from the workerB who will attend Hint conforonco
Umt tlio Labor politicians got their positions, nnd if the position is mn'le plain
to the politicians Hint the workers will
nut hnve conscription nt nny uld price,
nnd nre prepared lo retaliate on the
politicians nt next election for any nelion they liny tnke in Hie matter of furthering' conscription, then tlioy will
hardly enro tn risk losing *3000 n year,
nnd a comfortable Ment ia parliament.
Politicians nre not built Hint wny.
schools will nnd should eome. but lh
.should lie worked out along democratic!
lines to meet the needs of Hie entire'
community. And Labor enn well afford
to watch closely the direction ami pro-
gross of the reconstruction. Por tho
powerful reactionary interests oppoBod
to real democracy art; seizing with all
their vigor this tempting opportunity
to fasten more Bocuroly nn autocratic
educational system, designed through
an army of subsorviont teachers, lo turn
out a servile generation inviting exploitation.
"Wo will appreciate your co-operation in OUr movement to develop nn aggressive citizenship in tlie ranks of the,
teachers, to democratize tho schools, and
thus guard against this insidious danger
threatening the fibre, of our children
nnd the future (if every organized offort
fur democracy,J'
Message to Teachers.
The American Federation of Teachers
has also issued a "Message to Tench-'
ers," in which it is .stated: "The teach*
ers nre the last Hae of defense of popu-'
lar government.
"A groat tight is now going on for
the control of public, opinion. The
majority of you rend daily only what
tho plutocracy wants you to read'. They
have bought up the muckraking magazines nnd long ngo they gained control
of the public press.    The plutocracy ih I
now attempting to gathor in the control
b nation by controlling the publie,
system."
Preamble of A. F. of T.
following is the preamble of the |
can Federation of Teachers:
believe in dernocrncy, nad ia the I
Labor Temple Co. Report.
We expect  to have  Bro. Joe Bryon
with ns nt our next  meoting to report
ns a director of the Lnbor Temple company ro tho finances of Hie company.
Boosting Saturday Half-holiday.
Doa't forget, those of you who have
votes, to vote for a Saturday afternoon
holiday. Never mind the piffle that a
certain element nre advertising in the
popers. The girls and other employees
want Sntnrday afternoon. Have a talk
with them aiid lind out for yourself
what they want. Help givo them a
half-holiday Hint is worth while.
Councillor James Has Spckon.
Speaking with regard to recruiting,
Councillor .lames. South Vnncouver,
thinks the B. C. E. II. should employ
women ns conductors. We begin to think
that the councillor does not fi'el very
kindly disposed toward the gentler sex
of Vancouver. Anyway if they employed Councillor .lames they would
hnve n "woman" alright, nnd not n
chicken, either.
of thi
Bchool
Thc
Ame
' We
I. T. U. ELECTIONS
Advance Reports Indicate Probable Result of May 24 Referendum.
Returns received on the results of the
election of International Typographical
union officials indicate the re-election of
Secretary John W. Hays over W. E.
Merritt 'of Houston by one of the largest majorities over given a candidato
for tbat position. IL W. Dennett, of
Los Angeles, was elected ns one of the
delegates to the Amorican Federation
of Labor from the International Typographical union.
The official returns have not as yet
been received, but it is probable that
Thomas McCnffory of Colorado Springs,
Malcolm Knock of Boston and William
Mounce of New York hnve been elected
ns trustees of the Union Printers' Home.
Samuel Haddon of Toronto was elected delegato to Trades nnd Lnbor Con-
fniled of their fullest attainment. bo-lgroSB of Canada, with Jas. Drury, Mon-
cause of undemocratic administration,ureal second, and W. R. Trotter, Van-
adherence to tradition and lack of re- i couver, third.
spoiisiveness lo the needs of the com- David W. Bnird of New York and
munity; and that tlio teachers must lind John M. Pagan of Cincinnati nre ns-
the remedy, if it is to be found. *surcd  of election  as two of the three
"We believe that servility broods [auditors, with three other candidates
servility, and that if the schools are to, running close for the third auditor,
produce freo, unafraid men and women,! President Marsden O. Scott, Vice-
citizens of tin- highest type, Hie teach-' President Barrett and Joe M. Johnson
ers must live and work in an atmos-; for agont of the I'nion Printers' Home
phere of freedom aad self-respect. j had no Opposition.
"We believe that the teacher is one 	
of the most highly productive of work- Joins Oriental Procession,
ers, und that the best interests of the The lied Cedar Lumber Co., operating
schools nnd of the people demand aa in-; Ilt p0tlnch Creek, hns tlghtonod up its
timate contact nad an effective CO-Opor-j pay.trlotlo belt nnd fired nil its white
niployoes,  who  woro being puid  on]^
chools as the chief agency of demo
racy.
'Wo believe that   the  schools have
nlioii   between   the
other workers of the
which Ihe future Of d
pond."
effective Co
lachora  and   ihe
ommnnity—upon j jjjjjo \{ j|ay   These hnve been replace
j wilh Orientnls at $1.1(1 per dny.
cracy must de
Ontario Typographical Conference.
The    Ontario   Conference    of   Typo-
rnnhical unions will hold their annual
nil
ni in
Pi
terlioro, om.,
i.i
.In in*
11*111.
li
ti'i-iiul
ij
ml Presldon!
Miimlrn
(i. Sc
ilt
IS I'X)
tod l" he preu
III
'Jock
Held Relented
",loo
i.l
k"
lias
Reld
«
ncliod   tin*   r
in roloiuod fri
ly
tlinl
Lotli*
bridg
nil   1
s
Saturday.
11
liml
Sl'lltl*
1 n
n*i>
l».l*li.
fur   1
11
«f nn oightoon
god sedulous
in
rL
HltllK'
murks
llllllll*
at
u pel
ti
•nl mootiug.
Bricklayers' and Masons' Union.
t This union hus gono on record as unanimously endorsing the stand of the
Rotail Employees' association in their
fight for the Saturday half holiday, being satisfied that if Wednesday wns
adopted il would aot prove any real
bonoflt lo Ihe employees' wives nnd
! families, il. P. Wand 'writes from Montreal that there is a scarcity of men in
■ ihe building business, as most of tho
! men loft belli nil are working in tbo
'• munition factories nnd making more
I money than they would bo by following
I their own trades. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY JUNE 9, 1916
INCORPORATED 1855
Molsons
Bank
CAPITA! and RESERVE
$8,800,000
96 Branches in Canada
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Intereat allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 1IM
Capital  » 12,000,000
Reserve      13,000.000
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DEPOSITS  IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will optn
the account, and your
bualneaa will ba welcome ba It large or
amall
Branches and correapondenta
throughout tha world
THE
INCORPORATED
185S
BANK OF
TORONTO
Assets ..
Deposits .
,. 100,000,000
...  18,000.000
The   Most   Convenient   of  AU
Small Investments
Tho Bank of Toronto will accept
deposits of $1.00 and upwards. A
pass-book showing the amount of
your balance will be given you
whon you make your first deposit. You have thon a Bank Account, to which you can add or
from which you eaa withdraw at
any time. Interest is paid on
balances.
Paid up capl'il     5,000,000
Reserve fund        6,489,882
Corntr Hutlngi and Gamble SU.
PANTAGES
Unequalled Vaudeville Means
IANTAGEB VAUDEVILLE
THBEE SHOWS DAILY
2:45, 7:20, 9:16    Season's Prices:
Matinee,   16c;    Evenings,   16c,   26c.
IncreateYour Husband's
Salary
Every woman can Increase her husband's Balary; all she has to do is to
use good judgment when purchasing
anything for the home. Every time you
aave money on a piece of furniture
you aro that much bettor off. We
Kludlv invito you to como In and inspect same.   Dash or easy paymentB.
Hastings Furniture Coltd
41 HASTINGS ST., WEST
British
Columbia
Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
GrantB Pre-emptions of 100 acreB
to Actual Settlers—
Free
TEHMS— Residence on tho land
for ut leaat threo yeiirs; improvements to the extent of iff per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least five acres.
For further information apply to
DEPUTY MINISTER OF
LANDS, VIOTOBIA, B. O.
SECRETARY, BUREAU OF
PROVINCIAL   INFORMATION,
VICTORIA, B. O.
IB. 0.
Published every Friday morning by the B. O.
Pederatinnist, Limited
B. Para. Pettlplece Manager
Office:   Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7496
Subscription:    $1.50 per year; In Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
REPRESENTATIVES
Now Westminster W. Yaies, Uox 1021
Prince Bupert W. E. Denning, Uox 681
Victoria A.  S.  Wells,  Box  1538
Member  of  the   Cmiailiiui   Press  Association
"Unity of Labor: tbe Hopo of tbo World"
FRIDAY..
JUNE
l!H.*
T
HROUGHOTJT   THB   length   and
breadth of the earth there ia to bo
found ample evidence of a world
mo rand.   Nations thnt aro mn actu-
ly engaged in fratricidul und sanguinary    slaughter   tire
thor standing ready
to plunge into it nt aj facts.   They liocumu more insistent each ,
moment's   notice,  or day in forcing themselves forward fori
WHAT
SHALL THE
HARVEST BE?
are making preparations to engage in it at some future
timo. It is most decidedly unpopular to
even speak of "peace on earth," lot
alone work for it. To kill, to maim, to
destroy, seems to bo the chief ambition
of man and to attain pro-eminence in
this laudable occupation, the noblest
and mont praiseworthy of human aims.
Tlie chief business of the world is wnr.
Tlie daily record of the world's cveats
is made up of tales of butchery, rnpiir
and devastation. The
Christian civilization is boing most
gloriously rendered to the tune of tho
cannon's roar and tho shrieks aad
groans of the mangled and dying. Thc
diapason of human brotherhood has
been struck by thc summoning of Mars
to the work of cultural uplift, and, if
we aro to believoour betters, the furtherance of domocracy nnd liborty
throughout the earth. In spite of tho
assurances of our rulers and guardians,
however, we are at times in doubt as to
just what the harvest shall be. Possibly
liberty and democracy muy be extended
in those war-striekon and war-threatea-
ed lands. And then it is possible that
such may not be tho caso. We have
never yet heard that liars was either
an apostle of liberty or a democrat.
THE
IRREPRESSIBLE
CONFLICT.
THAT THERE is a conflict of interest between the employers of labor
and those whom thoy employ, is
evidenced by the fact that trouble is
continually breaking out between them.
No sooner is one
diilicully patched
up and harmony
once more established, than another row breaks out somewhere along the
line, and the whole performance is gone
over again with similar unsatisfactory
results. Hatters will not stay settled,
however carefully terms may have beea
arranged to provide against future outbreaks. The arbitration of diU'cronees
between capital and labor, is, for some
mysterious reason, barren of satisfactory results, other than of a temporary
and trunsitory character. The more I
highly developed the L-npitnlist system
becomes, the more arbitrary and exact- j
ing it becomes in dealing with tlie working class and the more impossible for
tho existence of anything like pence
between these conflicting interests. It'
is  useless  to  blind  our  eyes   to  these:
ency of her military establishment. Tho
longer thc war lasts, however, the more
we ure convinced that the real reason is
to bo found in tho fact that the British
and Russian armies aro not made up of
Frenchmen.
The net rovoauc of the railroads of
the United States for the eight months
ending with February, 191C, were $200,-
IIIIU.DOO greater than for the liko period
(fading with February, 1015. All of
which goeth to show that the virtue of
ownership hath its own reward and all
efforts of the slaves of transportation to
get something for nothing by demanding increased wages or shorter hours,
should be frowned down.
our consideration, a consideration that
we cannot expect to avoid by pretending that they do not exist.
Arthur Ponsonby, u  Liberal member,
eently shocked tin? British House of
minions by a "plea for peace."    As
e military bunch is in the saddle what
sc  was  to  be  expected?    Could   nny-
ing more shocking to Wars bit thought
thnn such a plea?    What is a mili-
ry estnblishment  Cor it not for war?
is noae but the foolish who fancy it
be tor the purpose of peace.   Pon-
nby ought to havo been thrown out.
ir even speaking of peace.
* * *
That the capitalist industrial estnblishment in all lands has been seriously
turned from the ordinary channels followed during peilce times, is apparent
to nil. A tremendous impetus has been
given to the manufacture of things required for military purposes, while
thero has beea a pronounced slackening
of production along many other lines.
Many plants have boon turned into
munition works, that were formerly
used for entirely different purposes.
Huge nnd well-equipped factories have
been put up 'solely for thc purpose of
turning out war materials. Many of
these will bo shut down ns soon as tho
war ends, as sometime it must. That
there will be a tremendous slackening
along tho lines of wnr material production goes without saying. That there
will bo a corresponding increnso in production along tho line of things required during times of peace, is not so certnin. In fact wo mny be tolerably sure
that such will not bo tho case. It may
bo nil very well to assert that there
will bc a tremendous demnnd for labor
in tho building up of the countries laid
waste and impoverished by the war, but
it will bo well to remember that u nation that hns become bankrupt ns a rosult of war, or any other cataclysm,
will, no doubt, find it as difficult to recover as would aa individual, in like
case. If the nations involved in this
terrific wnr are to escnpe bankruptcy as
a restdt of it, just how it is to be done
is not readily discernnble nt this moment. With ensh gone and credit shattered this upbuilding business is not going to bo quite ns ensy ns fulling off a
log.
* * *
That there will ensue a period of extremely hard times and much suffering
among the'poor, after the war, may bo
expected with reasonable certainty.
Thnt there will bo actual stnrvntion in
many of tho European countries, soems
a foregone conclusion. That, the suffering masses will quietly submit  to the
; miseries thnt will be heaped upon them
is scarcely tn be expected.   Thnt there
j will be emphatic, protests, uprisings
and probably nets of rebellion, wo mny
be son1. Tf such should not occur,
there would be no hope left. A people
so utterly spineless as to lay down nnd
die without a kick, ought to hnve died
sooner, nnd thus made way for more
sturdy and worthy metal. Wc may rest
nssured of an epoch following this wnr
that  will
Thoro are reasons why no conditions
ot pence can long exist between capital
and labor. These reasons aro not difficult to understand by anyone who is not
too mentally lazy to make tho effort.
Tho sooner the cause thut lies at the
source of that irresponsible conflict of
interest between the workers and tlieir
affirmation o'f | employers and masters, is known to tho
workers, the sooner may their efforts
and energies be turned to bettor purpose thnn that of trying to patch up a
peaee and maintain a truce between interests that are fundamentally antagonistic and cannot, therefore, harmonize.
Thc function of cupital is to bring to
its owner, wealth that costs him nothing. Thero is but ono source from
which wealth can be drawn, and that is
from the labor of human beings. All
which appears in the world's market ns
wealth is simply that which has beea
wrung from tho resources of the earth
by the hand of labor. If the masters
of capital are to get some of this wealth
for nothing they can only do so by, or
through somo scheme or device that wilt
compel the producers of that wealth to*
give it up, for surely no one would be
SO foolish as to surrender it unless un-!
der compulsion. By means of their ow- j
nership and control of the means of pro- j
duetion, i. e., the resources of the earth!
and the instruments of labor, thc capi- j
talists stand in a position to command
the services of the workers iu the pro-1
duetion of wealth and to determine
whnt disposition shall be made of tlio j
wealth brought forth. The only consid- j
erntion for the workers that is forced
upon the employing clnss is thnt of allowing them sufficient of the wealth
produced, to enable thom to continue to
work in tho industrial process. The interest of tho employer is to force tho
workor to accept, as his portion, the
minimum amount of this wealth thut he
eaa be compelled to live upon, because
thc less the workers' portion, the
greater will bc the nmount left for the
employer, or capitalist. The workers'
portion is termed his wages. The portion accruing to the capitalist is termed
profit, As both must come from the
same source, that is from the wealth j
brought forth by tho workers, it logically follows that the larger the portion of
one, tho smaller must be the portion of
the other. Tho wages of the workors
cannot be raised without the profits of
tho capitalists being diminished in corresponding ratio. Tlie profits of the
capitalists cannot bo increased without
a corresponding diminution of wages.
The Waitresses' union of Toledo,
Ohio, has prepared n new wage schedule
which calls for a nine-hour duy, a weekly increase of $1 and a minimum of $8
per week. Scandnlous! Scandalous!
Talk about the greed and avarice of tho
rich. Why these young women make it
look like a clumsy work of amateurs.
And what in tho world eaa they do
with thc inordinate wealth that will
como into thoir hands if their extortionate demnnds are granted?
lt is stated that if the war continues
another year, Britain will have borrowed a trilling matter of somewhere
around $17,000,000,1100. Lord Rosebery casually remarks thnt by the time
the war ends all of tho nations and peoples will be bankrupted and exhausted
and it is more than likely that new governments will be established. It seems
that occasionally a member of the ruling class catches a glimpse of the handwriting on the wall. If Rosebery's
prognostications come true, there may
be some hope for human kind, for surely no governmental scheme could be devised that eould prove a more rotten
failure than the present one, nor a more
bloody and destructive one. If, perchance, the administration of public
affairs should be taken over by the
working clnss, there might bc a chance
for decency to enter into the social and
industrial life of nations.
From this is may easily be seen why
it is impossible for tho relntion existing
between thc working class and the capitalists, to be a harmonious one. Under
circumstances of industrial activity, ac-
eoinpunied by a condition of tho lubor
market that is marked neither by n
pronounced surplus of labor, or a pronounced shortage thereof, n period of
truce inny for a time prcvnil. But it
will be broken by a resumption of hostilities ns soon as tho temporary equilibrium litis been disturbed, in consequonco
of the fluctuating exigencies of capitalist production and trade. Theso fluctuu-
tions are always occurring and uffording
the opportunity fur either ono side or
the other to open hostilities. Not only
is the opportunity afforded, but the outbreak is inevitable. There oan bo no
pence between these continually antng-
onistie elements. There can be no harmony, for thc conditions requisite for
harmony are lacking. Thero enn be nothing but war, either smoldering, or
openly active. It is an irrepressible
conflict that will not down, and ennnot
will bc marked with stupendous j , , h    hn fl0ciety remftill9
changes in social nnd industrial nffnirs.
That it will bo a period of revolution
thnt will sweep awny class rule nnd its
accursed regime of blood and butchery,
is thc fervent hope of evory worshipper
at the shrine of liberty nnd pence. Mny
thnt be the harvest resulting from tho
bloody sowing now going on in Europe.
Unless that shall be, the ngnny suffered
by the European proletariat in this
struggle will havo been in vain.
I divided into the two warring camps of
masters and slaves.
The big political quadrennial jamborees of tho republican nnd democratic
parties of the United States, are being
pulled off this month at Chicago. Aftofr
they are over tho proud "American
sovereign" who ekes out a narrow lifo
by working for a bIuvo's pittance called
wages, will proceed to lustily shout on
behalf of a set of candidates, in the
selection of which ho had nothing to
say. What his masters pick out is good
enough for him. He is a "wise guy,"
he is.
About 14,000 women arc employed on
stroot railways in Germany. Their
wages run from 15 to 17^! conts per
hour, and their working time from 5 to
11% hours per duy. Just how thoy are
able to keep n husband and children on
such earnings is not stated.
The servant question hns beon solved
in England, according to tho Wall
Street Journal. England has no more
servant troubles, for thero ere no moro
servants to bo obtained. The erstwhile
servants aro now working in tho munition fnctories and their mistresses nro
scrubbing tlieir own floors aad emptying
their own Blops.
Wo havo been led to boliove that tho
reason that Germany has not long sinco
been bcaton to a frazzle is because of
the remarkable organization and efllci-
Mibs Julia T. Sneeden, at one time n
Brooklyn society girl, hns boen for tho
last thirty years an inmate of the Pennsylvania hospital for the insane. During that time her fortune has grown
from nbout $300,000 to nearly $1,000,-
000. She became insane ns n result ef
an attack of scarlet fever. Sho was
stricken with this illness while going
around in a carriage distributing money
to the needy. As worldly success is
measured jn terms of money, it would
appear thnt this lady litis been fairly
successful, although her success has
evidently been due to lier insanity. Had
she remained sane and charitable, her
present fortune would, undoubtedly,
have been less. Commercially speaking,
it is evidently far more profitable to bo
insane thnn charitable. Then ngnin it
appears thnt these capitalist fortunes
have a sort of habit of growing whether
the owners nre in the asylum or not.
This might lead some carping critic to
assume thnt the capitalist is not a
necessary factor in the process of
wealth making.
PERISCOPINCS
permanent partial disability awards to
23,14 per cent, and permanent total disability awards to 2.3 per cent.
In the first eighteen months of the
componsntioa law's operation there was
a total of 337,500 industrial accidents
reported to tho commission, resulting in
50,374 pases in which claimants wero on-
titled to awards. Tho temporary total
disability cases comprised 88% per eent.
of all cases filed. Tho average medical
cost for euch injury reported was $10.05.
Thore was a total of 1214 death cusos,
in 81 per cent, of which there were dependents. In 9 per cent, of the death
eases there were alien dependents.
Send in the news! Every union in
tho city and provinco should havo a
press correspondent. You want news
of your union to appear in your paper.
Then seo that someoue is especially appointed to send it in, And see that it
reaches this office on time. All local
news must bo in not later than Thursday morning, if it is to appear the same
week. Address all news matter to Editor B. C. Federationist, Lnbor Temple,
Vancouvor, B. 0. ***
[By Emanuel Julius]
Ono touch of capitalism makes the
whole world shudder.
The New York Museum of Natural
History is sending u number of scientists to the west iu order to hunt for
fossils. We advise them to direct their
efforts mainly to the old political parties.   Go enst, young scientists, go enst!
The business of wnr is tho biggest
thing going. Think of civilization thnt
develops its greatest industry for the
express purpose of destroying itself! Insane, isn't it?
Capitalist charity is like tho vampire
bat that draws the blood of its victim
whilo it funs him.
Tho rights of the mnny should supersede the privileges of the few.
Capitalism isn 't a system—it's a
bloody mess.
It mny not be disgraceful to be poor,
but it certainly is disgraceful to voto
for poverty.
Fight for your rulers in war times so
that the capitalists mny have dividends
In peaco times.
The reword under capitalism; the
scrap heap for the toilers who havo become old and bent in service
The worklngman who believes in
lighting his muster's battles is solid
from tho jaw up.
Preparedness advocates uso scared-
ness as a means for turning tho peoplo
of this nation into legalized dyaami-
tards.
It's the income, aot the income tax,
that's worrying mo.
The Prince of Peace was not born at
Bethlehem, Pa.
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION
Average Award in New York Is Less
Than 9200.
Aa analysis by Chief Statistician
Leonard W. Hatch of thc first 30,000
workmon's compensation claims in Now
York state wns contained in the annual
report by Deputy Commissioner William
C. Archer, of tho Btate industrial commission. Tho anaylsis showed that the
averago valuo of awards, exclusive of
medicul treatment, waB $157.20. Other
average awards were as follows:
Death awards, $3240.72; permanent
total disability, $7475.12; pormanent
partial disability, $520.38; temporary
total disability, 42.41.
Death awards amounted to 41.0 per
cent, of the total compensatioo awarded
by tho commission, tempornry total disability awards amounted to 24 per cent.,
Howe Sound Trip
Bunts leaving Union Dork Daily
nt 9:15 n. m. Sundays nl 10:30
n. m., calling nl Bowon Island,
Britannia Minos, ilill Crook nnd
Squamisu. Returning nt 7 p. m.
Sunday Special, $1 Round Trip
Terminal Steam
Navigation Co., Ltd.
Seymour 6330
W. R. OWEN
Malleable    Ranges,   Shelf   and
Heavy Hardware;  screen doors
and windows.
2337 MAIN ST. Phone: Fair. 447
TARGUE!
CON JONES
^felta freohbobaexo.
Established 1904
VINEGAR
PICKLING
We operate our own 'distillery
at New Westminster, whero our
grains (our raw product) for Vinegar making aro prepared with
great care from the best selected
grains that money can buy.
Don't forget whon ordering
from your grocer to ask for the
B. C. article.
B.C.
Vinegar Works
1385 POWELL STBEET,
VANCOUVER, B. O.
Telephone High. 285
Nabob
.* . i' -.
'
JsPFFEL
N£
Yoi
bob
even:
is on
such t
Ser
of  th
bover
flavor
prcmc
OET
ibob—
The Coffee oi
Superior Stre
need use but Ktl
n   making  your
f you like it strong
3 reason why Na
n economical coff(
NABOB
Coffee
vetl steaming hot
c   most   delicious
lges.    In   color,
and purity it ran
ET AT YOUE ORC
TODAY
f
ngth
o Nn-      1
coffee,
. That
iob is
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is onc
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"        1
OERS
RENNIE'S SEEDL
lll.ADQUAHTF.RS FOR SEEDS, PI.ANIY
HU1 HS AND SHRUBS
SEYMOUR 8550
Wm   RENNIE Co., Limite
I ih IIDM1.R ST.   -  -   VANCOUV F.
AS GOOD AS GOLD
Is Gold's best recommendation
AS GOOD AS ROYAL CROWN
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Grown products
SAVE ALL BOYAL OBOWN COUPONS AND WBAFFEBS
THEY ABE VALUABLE
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
Stop!
Look!
Listen!
WORKINGMEN
Protect
Your
Rights
Re Weekly Half-Holiday for
Retail Stores
You are vitally interested in the plebiscite vote,
whieh will be taken next Wednesday, (June 14),
whon thc question as to whether Wednesday or Saturday afternoon shall be the time wben practically
all the retail stores within the limits of Vancouver
shall be closed for a weekly half-holiday.
Saturday Afternoon
Is Now Your Day
It is the weekly week-day period whieh, through
your unions and organizations, you bave won for
yourselves.
One of the reasons behind the battle you fought
and won for a Saturday half-holiday was the need
which you felt for some daylight period when you
might visit —shopping centres with your wife and
family to make necessary purchases.
It is tlio natural day for such a purpose, being
payday for many of you. It is tlie day best suited
for your demands as your wife's work of the week
is done and your children are out of school.
lt is the day before Sunday, a day which you may
spend at home, looking toward which time you usually make preparatory purchases, if indeed, you do
not lay in provisions for tlie coming week.
Ihe declaration of Saturday afternoon
as a holiday for retail stores would bar
you from your Saturday afternoon shopping trips, as well as prevent your making your purchases for Sunday use, either
downtown or at your neighborhood store.
WORKINGMEN—It is up to you to turn out in
force at the polls next Wednesday and vote that tbe
rule for Vancouvtr retail stores shall lie—
A Wednesday Half-Holiday
How Does the Operation of
Prohibition Acts Affect the
Interests of Labor?
Readers of The Federationist will be interested
in thc following clipping from tbe Winnipeg Tribune
of June 3 which outlines thc results of thc Manitoba
Prohibition Aet going into force on June 1.
Thc references cover thc situation in thc eity ol!
Winnipeg only. ' .
"According to Flem. W. McGill, former-
ly Business Agent of the Bartenders'
Union, 292 members of the Union were
paid off by Winnipeg hotels on Thursday.
Mr, McGill states that fully 75 per cent,
of these men were married and that 60 per
cent, of them have families of three or
more. He says that practically all have
left the city and describes them as being
'exiled from their native land,'
"Mr. McGill states that in Winnipeg
over 400 brewery workers and drivers,
100 hotel porters, 4S0 clerks in wholesale
liquor stores and about 60 hotel clerks
were also thrown out of work on account
of the McDonald Prohibition Act going into force.
EVERY WORKWOMAN IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
IS ASKED TO CAREFULLY CONSIDER THE
ABOVE ITEM IN CONNECTION WITH THE REFERENDUM ON THE B. 0. PROHIBITION AOT,
ON WHICH A VOTE WILL BE TAKEN SHORTLY
Would you consider it "fair" for
your fellow workman to vote you
outof your job? FRIDAY...
...JUNE 9, 1916
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THREE
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
GOOD MALT and HOPS,
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
"The Beer Without a Peer"
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
THE BREWING of CASCADE    BEER   is   the
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
THE   PRINCIPLE   OF
TEMPERANCE
is good—be temperate in |k
all things. ■
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
A FOOD AND DRINK IN
ONE FOR SALE AT ALL
DEALERS
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
VANCOUVER
BREWERIES LTD.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
PHOENIX BEER
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
MANUFACTURED  BY THE
Victoria Phoenix  Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
VANCOUVER and VICTORIA
TEMPERANCE
ia good for all mon; total abstincnco ia a matter of expediency for somo
men. The total abstainer lias no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by forco of law, than the temperate man Imb to compel
tho abstainer to drink what he neither likes or chooses by forco of law.
Beer is tho temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
brands.
BRITANNIA, PALE
OR
PREMIER
WESTMINSTER BREWERY
LIMITED
A. E. SUCKLING & CO. LTD.
VANCOUVEB DISTRIBUTORS
ASK FOR
B. C. Special
RYE
Whisky
Nine Years in Wood
UNSURPASSED
IN QUALITY
AND FLAVOR
Established 1903
Skilled Workers to Sweat in
Munition Mills and
Factories
Unskilled Are to Be Shot to
Glory By the Output
Thereof
•"THAT THE BIG interests in the
* United States are determined to
forco tlio nation into an armed imperial*
Istio policy, is becoming more certain
oach day. The power of American bapi-
talism is to bo extended throughout tlio
oarth ut all cost and at all Hazard, provided that cost bo paid and that: hazard
taken by tho wealth producers ot! the
land, lt may bo well enough to not?
that all of tho tremendous boosting of
tho preparedness scheme now being
touted so lustily, comes from tlio large
centres of population. That New York
city should be tho first to launch the
cry for preparedness is readily understood if we do not overlook the fact'
that it is tho counting houso for the
plunder of a continent nnd tho chief
channel through which that plundor is
poured into the indiscriminate and anarchistic scramble known as the world's
trnde and commerce. That tho time having come to prepare, with club and bludgeon, to forco this plunder upon tho
outside world, ngainst all opposition,
what more logical than that tho announcement be made from the counting
house of the plunderbundf And how
lustily all tho agencies of tho big interests are proclaiming "tho glad tidings
of great joy," may bc seen by merely
following the columns of tho papers.
All .sorts of ir.oves aro being made, both
in federal and state legislatures and by
means of manufacturers' associations
and other bodies to further the good
cause of leading thc nation into a condition of military subservience to tlie
world ambitions of tho masters of industry and trade. That theso schemes
of preparedness are being pushed"
through undor the pretense that such a
course is necessary in order to protect
tho country against threatened attack
from outside, is tho veriest hypocrisy.
If that were the purpose all that would
be necessary would bo means of coast
defence, such as fortifications, mines,
submarines and oilier naval craft. According to high ollicers in the coast do-
fence service, the means already at
hand arc ample, or can easily be mado
so, to withstand any strain thnt is likely to bo mado upon, them within tho
near future. It is well-known to all
military and naval strategists that modern coast fortifications, in conjunction
with mines, submarines and other naval
craft, will render any coast impregnable
against an enemy foolish enough to
cross thousands of miles of water to
attack it. The Gallipoli adventure affords a case in point. Had Turkey been
a first-class power, and wero the Suvla
and Anzac coasts fortified as was the
Dardanelles, and with plenty of mine
and submarine equipment, there would
never have boon a landing effected. It
is also probable that not an enemy ship
would have lived to tell the talc of the
foolish adventure.
To Boost the Game.
Among tlio mnny working parts of
the great scheme now being worked out
for the crucifixion of the working class
of tho United States upon the altar of
world conqucBt and trade, is one that is
termed tlie "Industrial Organization
Committeo," It is maintained by tho
interests behind the great scheme and is
working hand und glove with the government officials who have been commissioned to boost the game. As thc purpose of the scheme in question is to
build up a greater nnd more powerful
military and naval establishment than
any other country may possess, it logically follows that enforced service in
its ranks must not only bc imposed upon
those who will lie required to do the
actual killing, bot upon all who will lie
necessary to keep up tho requisite supply of things needed to mako such killing possible. So industrial conscription
will be as necessary as military conscription. This is tlie part of the delightful game that is being looked after
by tho "Industrial Organization Committee." Tho following is, in part,
what the chairman of this committeo
told tho uaval affairs committee of the
house the other day:
A New Deal.
"Wars of the past havo boon
fought by tlie laboring men nnd the
mechaaics, by mon taken from the
factories and mills, armed with muskets aad sent to tho front. I wonder
i.' you huve stopped to think how absolute a reversal of conditions has
coaio about. Now, the skilled mechanic is, to use a figure of speech,
boillg curried tin a -platter to Europe,
for tear something may happen to
take hiin olT the jolt, while the lighting at the front is being done by that j
portion of tho population not skilled
in mechanics nnd the workings of the ]
machine shop. Tho machinist is being ■
kept at home. I do not think uny of
us need worry about the attitudo of
the American mechanic, Wo must arrange to hold him at his work, iu order that some other follow may carry
tho musket. Sweat, aad not blood
must be labor's contribution to war."
There you have it in good plain English. Tho ranks of the toilers must not
be too greatly depleted of mechanics
and workors in tho machine shops, lest.
the blood-spillers at the front become
short of thc necessary moans to spill it
in sufficient quantities to suit tho masters of the game. Thoso skilled workers
must be kept at work "in order that
some other follow may carry tho musket," To this no sensible mnn can have
any objection, provided that thc "some
other follow" iH he who is to profit by
the bloody business. But tho scheme of
this precious band of rapscallions is noY
thusly devised, ovidently. Tho "skilled" worker is to bc conserved for munition making and other purposes requisite to tho successful carrying on of the
damnable business, whilo the unskilled
workor of city and country, is to be fed
directly to tho cannon. "Sweat and not
blood must bo labor's contribution te
tho war," says the chairman of the
committee. It scorns from this, that this
preparedness schemo then, is not a preparation for peace, but for war. If
labor's contribution to this war that is*
being prepared for, is to be confined to
sweat alone, the query is, who is to contribute tke blood? We should resolutely object, however to the working class
furnishing both, even though the sweat
bo apportioned to the skilled and the
blood to the unskilled. The most satisfactory solution, however, would be for
the working class to donate all tho
sweat, and the masters and their apologists and boosters, donate all of the
blood.
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Council.
June 12, 1891.
By IJelegates Franklin aad Hartley:
Resolved, That this council hereby
places on record its deep regret and profound sorrow with which it learns of
tho nation's loss in the death of her
eminent statesman, Bight Hon, Sir John
A. Mucdonnld, and extends to Lady
Macdonald and family its sincerest sympathy in their hour of trouble. Unanimously carried.
Building ia tho city in general is reported to have a brighter outlook.
Meoting was well attended and adjourned at a late hour. Vice-president
Geo. Irvine presided, and Goo. Bartley
acted as secretary.
UNION-MADE TEXT BOOKS.
Pres. Marsden O. Scott of I. T. tr. Beports Latest Achievement.
Tho Indiana contracts for school text
books wore awarded May 8th. Tho
American Book Co., Rand, McNally &
Co., Houghton, Mifflin Co., Lippineott,
nnd other non-union concerns got nothing. The contracts wero let to the following companies, all ia Class A of the
I. T. U. text-book publishers: Chas.
Scribner's Soas, history; Silvor, Bur-
dett & Co., physiology;* 1). C. Heath &
Co., Inngungo and grammar; World
Book Co., speller; Macmillan Co., geography. The campaign in the state of
Indinnn against the non-union concerns
publishing text-books was most successful.
John Pennington, a steward on the
steamship Wapama, may be a lord, according to his English attorneys. Wo
know several waitresses who aro queens.
SOCIALISTS'  OPPORTUNITY
Probable Clue As to Where Liberals Got
Campaign Fund.
D. G. McKenzie, in last issuo of the
Western Clarion (socialist) reviews the
provincial political situation, from a
wage-worker's viewpoint. In part he
says: "We repeat that no political
party can exist except it.represents an
economic interest. Neithor can a capitalist party prosper without campaign
funds. The Liberals represented no
great economic interest, so they died.
That thoy have resurrected moans only
that they must have found an economic
interest to 'represent. And they have;
and tho campaign funds are forthcoming, as we huve seen. Were the source
of those funds made public they would
stand exposed ns tho 'mcaslycst' bunch
of hypocrites thut ever posed as saviours of the people, and P. W..<would!
again havo occasion to mop his brow, j
On the other hand to let tho disintegra- j
tion of the Tory support continue I
awhile, and then to drop a nice fat
bomb in tho Liberal fold, should create
a very promising situation. A largo
section of tho working class, having
forsaken the Conservatives, for reasons,
nnd suddenly finding tho Liberals utterly insupportable also, would, in the
middle of a campaign, find themselves
without a political home. They should
prove good material for us to work on
—if we happen to bo in good shape for
propaganda. Either way tho situation
looks not too bad. We shall seo what
we shall seo."
It is cloarly up to The Clarion to
"drop a nice fat bomb in the Liberal
fold," or any other "fold" where
needed. Where did the monoy come
from?   Why this susponse?
"The grentest quarrols in the world's
history have beon mado betweea peoplo
who were once friends."
"Quite frequently one hears an employer advocate 'the principle of the
open shop.' This statement is wrong.
To speak correctly, he should say, 'tho
principles of thc non-union shop.' "
Patronize those who patronize you is
a good rulo to follow. Those who advertise in Tho Fedorationist patronizo
you. Deal with them and tell them
why. But always ask for union-label
products.
UNION IS STRENGTH
wm
When you recognize this as a
fnct you will boost for the products of homo industries by cutting out tho imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
BUTTER. EGGS. LARD
BACON, HAM and SAUSAGE
The only government-inspected
plant in B. C.
WE EMPLOY UNION LABOR ONLY
LET THE
Hillcrest Dairy
supply you with pure, fresh Milk—Ours is a Sanitary
Dairy—not sanitary in name only—having every
modern facility for handling milk. All bottles and
utensils are thoroughly sterilized before being used.
The milk comes from the famous Fraser River
Valley.
PHONE YOUR ORDERS TO
FAIRMONT   1934
TSe Hillcrest Dairy
131 FIFTEENTH AVE. WEST
Leckies
Soldier-
-:Boy
Shoes
Got your boy a pair of LECKIE'S
SHOES.
—tlie best boys' shoe on the market.
it is tbe logical sboe for overy
boy from every viewpoint.
Buys lnivo got to play, run, jump,
skip, climb mountains, play Indian, ana
it's all hnni on footwear.
I.ochip's Boys' Boots art* there with
(In* Borvioo—tiioy'11 stand the hardest
knocks, tho hardiest boy can givo them.
For sale at leading Shoe Stores.
Made in British Columbia
Union Delivered Milk
for Union Men
The Best on the Market
Beaconsfield
Hygienic Dairy
Office: 905 Twenty-fourth Avenue East
Tel. Fairmont 1697
Ring us up and we'll tell you all about it.  Or watch
for our drivers.
HOTEL ST. REGIS
(Strictly modern), ono block from Labor Tomplo.   Hore, evory comfort
uwnita you.
TRANSIENTS $1.00 PER DAY AND UP
LOW RATES TO PERMANENT GUESTS
Union Cigars and best brands of bovoragos our specialty.
First-class cafe ln connection.
Named Shoei are frequently made in Non-
Union Factoriei—Do Not Boy Any Shoe
no matter what its name, unless it bearB a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without the  Union   Stamp  are,
always Non-Union.
BOOT & SHOE WOBKEBS' UNION
24f> Summer Street, Boston, Mnss.
J. P. Tobia, Pres.     C L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
PITHER & LEISER, LTD.
WHOLESALE
WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS
VANCOUVER
VICTORIA, B.C.
REPRESENTING—
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog'8 Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
G. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Milk Users!
ARE YOU STILL SUPPORTING A NON-UNION
DAIRY?
OUR DELIVERY SYSTEM COVERS ALL TERRITORY SOUTH OF FALSE CREEK, WEST OF
BRIDGE, TO THE FRASER RIVER
SOU-VAN MILK
Fairmont 2624 Fairmont 2624
Household
Coke
more satisfactory than coal
We Can Now Guarantee
Regular supply
Superior quality
Prompt delivery
PRICES
Delivered in downtown section:
One ton  $ 7.50
Half ton     4.25
Quarter ton    2.50
Two tons in one delivery  14.00
Cash with order.
Coke Sales Dept.
Phone Sey. 5000 PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY JUNE 9, 1816
Saturday Sale of
Men's Suits
$11.85
—One of the best suit values ever offered in Vancouver; we've 50 of them,
but while they last, men bave the opportunity to purchase thc best suit value
$11.85 ever bought. All this season's
style in fabrics tbat will retain their
shape and give splendid service. A bar-
. gain at $11.85
^* (]hpBud5onsBau([bnipanu. Jjtf
_r)      ihhhmwi  ii»     <_v__*____M_______\mg__ai_\ \ ^"^ .
Granville and Georgia- Streets
The Most Popular Moving Picture House in Vincouver
REX THEATRE
25 Hastings St. West, near Carrall Street'
First Vancouver Run of All
"Triangle" Pictures.
'Triangle" Pictures Are the
World's Best Films.
MONDAY, TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY
JUNE 12, 13, 14
The Corner
Fatty and Mabel Adrift
THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
JUNE 15, 16, 17
The Lilly and the Rose
Great Vacum Robbery
Entire chunge of programme for hitter part of tbe weok.
ADMISSION
Matinee (to 6 p.m.;  10c Children (tili tlio time)  5r
Evenings 16c Boxes (nil tho time)  26c
MOVIE OPERATORS' UNION
Elected Officers for Ensuing Term at
Last Sunday's Meeting.
The Moving Picture Operators elected
officers for the ensuing term at last
Sunday's meeting, as follows: President, J". C. LaChanee; vice-president, J.
O. Thomas; business agent, W. E. McCartney j financial secretary, H. C. Roddan; recording secretary, E. B. Marshall ; sergeant-at-arms, J. H. Leslie;
executive, W. Worby; board of trustees, J. Lowden, J. H. Leslie, E. S.
Holdsworth; examining board, J. La-
Chance, E. Hornby, J. H. Lucas; delegate to Trades and Labor council, J. 0.
Thomas.
Wm. Woolridge, one of the operators
at the Globe theatre, left the city lnsr
Monday for Trail, B. C, to manage thc
Star theatre there. He will replace J.
P. Pitner, another member of Local No.
348, who is taking ehargo of the Gem
theatre at Nelson, B. C, which is operated by the same company.
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS   AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3486.
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
184.
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & Co.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION AOT
Copies   WiU   Be   Largely   Circulated
Throughout the Province.
Copies of tlio Workmen's Compensation act are now ready and can be obtained from .las. H. McVety, president
of the B. C. Federation of Labor, who
has already had copies of tho report of
tho investigating committee—the draft
bill and the bill us it passed the ho
—sent to the secretaries of the various
unions throughout the province.
Starting next week, The Federation
ist will contain a series of articles ex
planatory of the principal points of the
act, that all workmen may fnmiliarize
themselves with during the next few
months, beforo the measure comes into
operation.
Looking for Arthur Descamps.
Mrs. Juliotte Descamps, Carbonado,
Wash., U. S. A., writes The Federation
ist that hor husband, Arthur Descamps,
French nationality, left home last November to seek employment in British
Columbia, and has not been heard from
since. Mrs, Descamps and live children
nre left in circumstances which merit
any assistance possinglo in locating the
bread-winner or giving any information
as to his whereabouts or fate.
"Bob" Matheson in Town.
Dr. Robt. Matheson is in town from
Kelowna, nnd will probably stay here
for a few days. He certainly should remain, if possible, for the anniversary
fin. men's banquet, which will be held in
commemoration of the great Vancouver
fire of thirty years ago. "Bob" was
hore when that event occurred—an
event from which old-timers date tlieir
chronology. He was in the old days associated with Vancouver newspapers,
and prlnterdom in general—in its very
beginnings, He helped to found the
first firo brigade, along with the late
Rev. Father Clinton, Wm. McGirr, Pete
Larson, Abe Thomas (then a boy) Chief
Carlisle, John Taylor, Wm. Sanderson
(member of No. 226), and many others.
He rocked the cradle of many Vancouver tnterprisos, and those of the pioneers who are left will accord an old
comrade n hearty welcome, and when
returning to British Columbia's great
fruit and tobacco-growing country, pnrt
with him with regret.
Who Wouldn't?
"    ...    Wall street is as pntrioti
as any other spot in the country."—
Wall Street Journal.
Well, who could be expected to love
a country moro than its owners do.—
New York Daily Mail.
Organized Labor Has Spoken—It Will
Vote for
SATURDAY
Weekly Half-Holiday
All the trade unions (except the Barbers, who are exempt under the act),
have endorsed SATURDAY for thc holiday.  It is the ONLY LOGICAL DAY.
A so-called holiday any other day of thc week would bc a farce. Married
employees could not take their children for an outing. A holiday is robbed of
its pleasure by a return to work the next day. Every store employee, man,
woman and girl, wants SATURDAY.   *
Tho act provides for shopping until !).;)0 o'clock Friday night and until 1
o'clock SATURDAY. If thc payday interferes, that can easily be changed. A
number ol' employers are arranging to alter the payday now where it is ncces-
Bary.
In Sydney, Australia, the SATURDAY HALF-HOLIDAY has proved a tremendous success. II is not necessary to work women and girls, or men, until
nearly midnight on SATURDAY.
Thi! retail storekeepers of Vancouver themselves voted 4 to 1 in favor of it.
Then* nre just a few who see nothing but Ihe imaginary loss of a few dollars.
Think of the thousands of workers and their friends who will benefit in
health and happiness when tbey enjoy a SATURDAY HALF-HOLIDAY, Vou
who have il now, think of those wbo are lighting for it. Help them in their
light.
A SATURDAY HALF-HOLU)AY meajis that your wife will get her shopping done a few hours earlier, and will confer a boon on hundreds of hardworking fellowmen, women and girls who never know the pleasure of a weekend mil ing. At the same time your wife will enjoy the rest instead of trudging
around stuffy stores getting a shopper's headache.
I'Vij* humanity's sake and for thc sake of organized labor, help the RETAIL
EMPLOYEES' ORGANIZATION by getting out yourself and by influencing
your friends lo gel oui and boost for SATURDAY.
And above all else, get to the poll on Wednesday next, June 14th, and
Vote for Saturday
Mark your ballot thus:
Are you in favor of a weekly SATURDAY half-holiday ?
X
Warners
Corsets
Will Phase
You
$1.50 to $5.00 a Pair
If you arc one of thc
many who seek the best
possible value you take
particular interest in
choosing a Warner Corset.
Warner's possess an unusual amount of good
style, the fabrics are superior and the finish is all
that could be desired.
There are many fine models to select from—styles
for every normal figure
type. Come and view
Warner's Corsets. Allow
onc of our corsetieres to
show you wherein tbey represent the best corset
value at the price. All
sizes in stock now at $1.50
to $5,00 a pair.
675 GRANVILLE STREET
ABE LINCOLN ON
PREPAREDNESS
Evidently there were "preparedness" scare-mongers and advocates in
the days of Abraham Lincoln. An inkling as to how the great wnr president
sized up the danger of attack by other
countries, may be gleaned from the following extract from a apeech delivered
by him before tho Young Men'a Lyceum
nt Springfield, 111., on Janunry 27, 1857:
"At what point shall bo expect tho
approach of danger) By what means
shall wo fortify against it? Shall we
expect aome trans-Atlantic military
giant to step across the ocean and crush
us at n blow? Never! All tho armies
of Europe, Asia and Africa combined,
with all the treasure of the earth (our
own excepted) in their military cheat,
with a Bonapnrto for a commander,
could not by force tnke a drink from
the Ohio or mako* a track on the Blue
Ridge in a trial of a thousand years.
"At what point is the approach of
danger to be expected? I answer, if it
ever reaches us, it must spring up
amongst us; it cannot come from
abroad. If destruction be our lot, we
must ourselves be its author aatl finisher. As a nation of free men, we
must live through all time, or die by
suicide."
As tlie United States is now a country of 100,0(10,000 poople ns against
about 85,000,000 in 1S57, nnd is equipped with a power of production a hundred fold greater thnn then, it would
seem that his size-up of the situation
might be considered a not unreasonable
one today. The only dnngcr threatening the common people of nny country
lies within the confines of that country
itself. Of no country is this more true
thnn of the United Stntes.
Photo-Engravers' Convention,
Tho executive council of the Internntionnl Photo-Engravers' union hns ap
proved changing the date of this
union's convention from August 21 to
August 14. This change was mnde in
order to permit President Mnthcw Woll
to attend the British Trndes and Labor
Congress na a fraternal delegate from
the American Federation of Lnbor. President Mnhon of the Amalgamated
Street Car Employees' union is the
other fraternal delegate.
When a widow remarries, it is simply
because she has como to tho ago-old conclusion that a little uahnppiness with a
husband is better than a lot of loneliness without one.
FERBY P. PETTIPIECE
Brief mention wns made Inst week of
the tragic death of Ferby P. Pettipiece,
the second sun of Air. and Mrs. R, P.
Pettipiece, caused by the overturning of
a_ steam shovel nt Bear Creek, which
pinned tho unfortunate young mnn beneath it.
After an inquest at Revelstoke, the
body was brought on to Vnncouver, and I
the funeral held on Saturday last. An
impressive service wns conducted nt
Center & Banna's pnrlors by Dr. Fraser
of First Presbyterian church, who nlso
conducted the graveside ceremony nt
Mountnin Viey cemetery.
The labor organizations of the city
wero well represented nmongst the
friends in attendance, who crowded the
chapel to overflowing. The executivo
and members of the Trndes and Lnbor
council, preceded by the members of thc
Typographical union, formed the funeral
procession. Acting as pall-benrcrs were
the following young printer friends of
the deceased: D. Cameron, ,T. R. Mel-
som, E. F. Trotter, J. Hesson, 3. Mac-
gillivrny and T. Miller.
Many were the expressions of regret
heard on all sides, but especially among
those with whom Ferby had become
moro closely associated while working
in The Daily Provinco ofh'eo. His, however, was a nature that cnlled for the
sunlight, and did not tnke kindly to an
indoor occupntion.
The profusion of floral tributes is a
testimony to tlie widespread sympathy
with the bereaved family. From those
thus associating themselves, together
with wreaths from parents nnd family,
wer# the Typographical union, Trndes
nnd Lnbor council, Internntionnl Association of Machinists, "Thc Bunch,"
(Daily Province chnpel), the Daily
World chnpel, employees Cowan &
Brookhouse, Cowan & Brookhouse, the
Sun Publishing Co., Alexandra Review
No. 7 of Wome'i's Benefit Association
of the Maccabees, Queen Mary Review
No. 22, Hollistcr Review, Review No. 2,
First Presbyterian church, Mr. nnd Mrs.
,L Hi Pettipiece (Revelstoke), Mr. nnd
Mrs. L. E. Pettipiece, Mr. nnd Mrs. J.
W. MogR, Mrs. John Rutherford, Mr,
nnd Mrs. M. King and Reggie, Mrs. Mc*
Onllunt, Mrs. E. H. Pettipiece, Mr. nnd
Mrs. Hell, Mr. and Mrs. Robison, Mrs,
W. ,7. Hooper. Mrs. ,T, C. Kemp and family, Mr. and Mrs. Oeorge Pettipiece,
Mr. nnd Mrs. Wm. Bowers, "Mr. and
Mrs. Lars Tyckoson, Mr. nnd Mrs.
Scott, Mr. aad Mrs, McCoombs, Mr.
and Mrs. C. Keeler, Mr. and Mrs. Jas,
H. MeVety, Mrs. Sniithson nnd children,
Mr. and Mrs, R. H, Neelands, Mr. and
Mrs. H. Roifol, Mrs. F. McVety, Mr.
Collins nnd R<isy and Berthn, Mrs. M,
L. 'Frnzier, Mr. and Mrs. Chalmers A.
Rutherford, Mr. J, W. Wilkinson nnd
Mr. nnd Mrs. F. Hnrris. W. R. T.
Poverty and Tuberculosis.
A report of the United Stntes public
health service recently made public,
gives official proof to what organized
labor lias so long reiterated, viz., that
tuberculosis is chiefly a social disease,
due to poverty and intolerable working
conditions. One-sixth of all tuborculo'
sis cases, (ho report states, develop in
cheap lodging houses and one-fifth nre
traceable to occupational hazards and
bad working conditions. Yet some still
profess to regard ns Inordinate the
claims (hat n socialized system of industry abolishing poverty, would introduce
such an era of human happiness that it
might well In- considered n millciiium
"No one but Solomon wns ever perfectly satisfied with domesticity: and
no doubt even ho felt thnt ho' might
have done better if he could hnve divorced his whole harem and started all
over again."
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 GEORGIA STREET
One   Block   west of Court  Houie.
Use  of  Modem   Chapel  and
Funeral   1'arlors.   free   io   all
Patrons
Telephone Seymoar 2426
DAVID 8PENCRR.  LTD
DAVID SPENCER, LTO.
TheManBuyingWorkshirts
will find ninple provision made to meet his requirements at any price he
cares-to pay at Spencer's.
AT 60c—Durable shirts in stripes; grey and white, black and whit'o, etc.
AT 76c—Shirts in double warp chambrays, in groy and blue and white
stripes, and plain grey. This is a most satisfactory shirt equal to most
of the dollar shirts selling today.
AT $1.00—Shirts in heavy gnlntens and drills, in black and white, and
blue aud white stripes, nnd plain tan and khaki.
OUR BLACK SATEEN SHIRT AT A DOLLAR is unequalled in the
trnde. It is impossible for storeB to soil this shirt at a dollar today,
owing to tlie rise in wholesale cost.
Men's White Cotton Nightshirts
—tend to sleeping comfort during the summer months. We have tho
best line in the trnde at $1.00—a gonorous garment in whito twill cotton, with turned-down collar.   Another stylo without collar at $1.26
—All sizes,
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
OAVID 8PENCER, LTD.
"BIG HORN" BRAND
UNION
MADE
WHY NOT WEAR THE BEST ON THE MARKET?
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, MACKINAWS
TENTS,'ETC., ETC.
GIVE VOURSEIF SATISFACTION AND A BRITISH COLUMBIAN
INDUSTRY VOUR PATRONAGE BV USING THIS SUPERIOR BRAND
Chinese- made Shirts £;Overalls
must oor ^j^jj
BUTTING AHEAD.
SOLD BY Alt THE LEADING STORES
Turner, Beeton a Co., Lto.  Victoria, B. C.
WHOLESALERS AND MUNUMCTUKM
Maple j|g Leaf
Dairy
Dealers in high-grade
Milk and Cream
produced from tuberculin-tested herds and Pasteurized in the best-equipped
dairy on the Pacific Coast.
This milk is never touched by humanhands, and has stood the test in all bacteriological examinations as a safe milk at all times for children.
Delivered to your door
for 10 cents per quart
Milk,Cream,WhippingCream
and Butter Milk
OUR BUTTER MILK IS CHURNED. NOT SOURED SKIM MILK
WE ARE ALSO MANUFACTURERS OF
Butter of the Highest Quality
We Deliver in All Parts of the City by
Union Labor
We Boast of No Alluring Trophies, but Deliver the Goods
1935 Second Avenue West
PHONE BAYVIEW 1417

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