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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 21, 1916

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Array f
mmm—mmm
m
ji"-;.:. EIGHTH YEAR, Na|
FEDERATIONISf
, POtmCAL UNITY : VIOTOBTI
^ANCQUVER, B. C FRIDAY, JANUARY 21,1916
(utJtTaVS »     $1.60 PER Y|AR
our mm
IS BACK ON
ira
He Surveys the Wondrous
Scheme pf Things
Once Again
Finds It Just As Curious
and Contradictory
As bf Yore
4
/..>[By W..M. C]
.It is Btran go whut stray benmB  of
" reason may now and then emanate from
the hide-bound plute press.   It may be
^ difficult to believe; but the following
appeared in an editorial in the Morning
Post of 26th ult: "It may be urged,
what many people feel, that it is hard
to ineulcate patriotism in the minds of
the thousands of children who are born
and bred in poverty and squalor, ill-fed
und illrclothed. Their country, it seems,
has not done much for them that they
should consecrate themselves to it's
cause. It iB Badly true. The England
for which men flght iB not the England
ot slums, drunkenness and want, but
the nobler England which exists in part,
which has always existed in part, and
which one day, as we hope, shall exist
whole and entire, in this 'green and
pleasant land'." The editor must
have had a spasm of conscience.
Oovernment by Newspaper.
Lord Northcliflfe is promoting a new
candidate for the premiership of Britain, in the person of Sir E. Carson, the
well-known defender of the faith and
liberties of small nationalities, including Ireland. Lloyd Qeorge must have
got himself in wrong somewhere.
■ Getting Mote Like Russia.
The Increasing suppression of free
speech, and the censorship of the labor
pre-js, is moving, It is an extremely diffi-
. cult matter for socialists and labor
unionists in Britain to meet and discuss
their Bocial and economic problems, yet
the true patriots may get together at
any time in any old place, and howl as
they will to their heart's content, and
there is not protest raised. Truly, some
people 'b conception of liberty is about
as lop-sided as an elephant's ear, and
their hides as thick. Their conception
of liberty is the liberty to net and think
according to their prescription, which
won't jibe with the facte of the case
tt all, and is nothing more nor lee* than
a piece of gross impertinence. Aa several liberals end labor M. Ps. have
asked in an unguarded moment, "what
are wo fighting fort 1' -....„. ^,<^_
Conscription Needed—For Ships.
According to the London Corn Circular ot 22nd ult.: "Linseed cake is now
from £11 16s to £12 per ton, and cotton
cake from £S 15b to £9—a rise in each
case of about £4 per ton. The reason
for the increase can he expressed in one
word—freights. It Is monstrous. A
memo* of Lloyds' told me the other
FEDERATION CONVENTION
MET HERE THIS WEEK
THE SlCp ANNUAL CONVENTION of the-British ColumliiBi;
Pederatibn;.of Labor commenced in Vanco"ttver Labor Temple
last Monday morning at 10 o'clock, Mr. Jas. H. McVety,
president of tlie Vancouver Trades and Labor counoil, formally
opened the proceedings, and extended welcome to the delegates on
behalf of the local labor unions.     ' -      ■
Buring the course of a brief Bpeech, he referred to the smaller
number of delegates present than has been usual at the Federation
conventions. He did not feel that was any.matter for apology, but
rather was it a reason for congratulation. Considering the industrial conditions prevailing, it was a satisfactory thing to feel that a
convention could be held at all.
Reviewing some of the work before' the gathering, he advised that
special attention be given to the task of securing a good new Workmen's Compensation act for the province. In his experience, when
any legislation of real value to the workers had been obtained T>y
them, it was as the result of centralizing their efforts on one thing'
until they got it.
-     Preaident Watchman Presides.
President A, Watchman then took charge, of the convention. In
doing bo ho said, the Federation had not made the progress in sccur-.
ing working class legislation whibh he would-have liked it to. That
was not the fault of the Federation, but was duo to the type of men
who constituted the govetnment. They gaye no consideration to the
claims of the working class, and in his opinion, before those claims
could receive thc attention they were entitled to, it would be necessary for the workers to send men of their own class to parliament:
An entire change in the personnel of the legislature was needed,
Appointment of Committees.
Thc president then appointed the following committees, the first
named in each being the chairman: *
Credentials—A. J. Carter, E. H. Morrison, H. Marsh.
Constitution and Law—B. Simmons, G. Gold, J. H. Armstrong, B.
M. L. Myles, J. Brookes.
Officers' Reports—C. Sivertz, W. Head, W. Taylor-, P. Sinclair, W.
Gibson. '•
Resolutions—Jas. H. McVety, A. J. Carter, B. Simmons, T. Cough-
lin, J. Richardson, T. Fawkes. ;
Ways and Means—J. Brookes, H. V. Connell, W. Head, J. Dayi
Fraternal Delegate Appointed.
At this time Seci-otary Wells called the attention of the delegates
to thc fact that thc Washington StateFederation of Labor was commencing its annual convention in Yakima, that morning, and -that
Vice-president W* Dunn*was over there afid could act as the fraternal delegate of tho British Columbia Federation o| Labor to the
Washington body. The convention instructed* the secretary to wire
credentials to Vice-president Dunn,, requesting him to act in that
capacity. . ,'
-A short adjournment was then taken in order to enable the credentials committee to prepare its report.      -
On recommendation of the credentials committee, the following
delegates were seated:
lay., ."•?.■_!••!? l™/f J'SSSSf,!* .""Jli i«ff ^isM^litoria.
r*
V
I
wotild have t'o pay £100,000,000 as excess proflt tax.. This speaks for itself.
I was speaking recently to a ship owner
who told me he has 35 steamers which
'at the end of six months oost him no*
thing. They had nald for themselves.
All these abnormal profits came from
, the consumer. As about 7% million tone
of German, Austrian and Russian shipping is presently interned, and about
naif of the world's available tonnage
is British owned, it is not difficult to
understand for whose particular benefit
"Britannia rules the waves."
Algy Works for First Time.
It was reported recently in the British newspapers, with much hullabulloo,
that a certain peer had worked steadily
for a full hour as if he were a oommon,
ordinary individual. Aa this is- the first
occasion that such an untoward event
has happened since the dawn of history
it Has been duly recorded as the beginning of a new era, and a sure sign of
the coming revolution. The attendant
• physicians report taht the gentleman is
progressing favorably.
, ,yx-. An -Epochal Discovery.
A' <. orkman recently made the remarkable discovery that low wages paid
by a conservative did not go any fur*
ther than low wages paid by a liberal.
Most people have long been under the
delusion that it was otherwise. Yet the
working class do not receive their just
credit for inventive genius.
Work It Out Yourself.
To be an ownor of Canada it Is not
necessary to be a Canadian. Yet one
mny be a Canadian and not share in the
ownership of Canada. There Is some-
- thing wrong bere thnt requires a few
demonstrations from Euclid or possibly
from the "big stick."
Then! That's It.
Here's a straight tip for the trade's
unionists,    M. J. Granger, jr., in his
presidential address at the annual conference of the national federation of
Boot Trade association (manufacturers)
said, "You must all determine, ■ from
now onwards, that today's prices, no
; matter what they come to, are going to
\ be your prices in the future.''   Sounds
Uke a "combination in restraint of
trade," what!   ,
PRESSMEN'S ORGANIZER HERB
OrguUier Hall Negotiating New Scale
for Local Pressmen's Union.
Charles S. Hall, Seattle, representing
the International Printing Pressmen
and Assistants' union, has been a visitor in Vancouver during the past week,
Mr. Hall is here at the request of the
local union, for the purpose of assisting
in the negotiation of a new scale with
the Vancouver newspaper publishers.
No settlement hss been reached as yet.
Organizer Hall left on Tuesday to attend the annual convention of the
Washington State Federation of Labor
at Yakima, but will return on Monday
next to again take up negotiations. Tho
publishers, so The Federatlonist understands, nre asking for a reduction in
wages, which Is being resisted by the
pressmen.
1 In this connection it is also stated
that the local stereotypes have not yet
secured a renewal of their agreement,
now expired.
Delegates Present.
A. S. Wells—Trades and Labor council, Victoria.
C. Sivertz—Trades and Labor council, Victoria.
B. L. Miles—Brewery Workers, No,
281, Vancouver.
, J..T, Brookes—International Association Machinists No. 182, Vancouver.
B. Simmons—Amal. Bro. Carpenters,
No. 2651, Victoria.
J. Day—Plumbers and Steamfltters,
No. 234, Victoria.
W. H. Gibson—Streetrailwaymen No.
189, Victoria.   .    .
J: Richardson—Streetrailwaymen No,
180, Victoria.,,
A. Watchman—United Bro. Carpen
J. Taylor—Longshoremen No. 3846,
Victoria.
iW. Carterr-U. M. W. of A., No. 18,
Fernie.
Jas. H,' McVety—Trades and Labor
council, Vancouver.
E. H. Morrison—Trades and Labor
council, Vancouver.
S. Tiller—Milk Wagon Drivers, No.
96, Vancouver.
W. Tinney—Moving Picture Operators No. 348, Vancouver.
F. L. Estinghausen-—Electrical Workers No, 213, Vancouver.
T. Fawkes-U. M. W. of A. No. 2299,
Cumberland.
T. J. Ooughlln—Bro. Railroad Trainmen No. 1-44, Vancouver.
H. V. Connell—Bro. Railroad Trainmen No, 144, Vancouver.
P. Sinclair—Longshoremen No. 3852;
Vancouver. ■
W. Head—U. M. W. of A. No. 872,
South Wellington.
H. Marsh—International Stage Emp.
No. 168, Victoria.
G. Gould—U. M. W. of A. No. 2388,
Ladysmith.
J. Read—Boilermakers and Shipbuilders, No. 101, Victoria,
W. Yates—Trades and Labor council,
New Westminster.
President's Report
Fellow Delegates—It gives me pleasure to meet you again in annual convention, although in the passing of the
year industrial conditions hnve made
no improvements.
In submitting the following report of
my activities during the year, it is
with a measure of satisfaction to know
that the affiliated organizations have
continued to give to the federation
tbeir 'support and co-operation, as in
past years. While there may have been
a numerical decrease in tho membership
of tho organization, largely caused
through the industrial depression which
hns continued through the last' two
yenrs. The large amount of unemployment, nnd the consequent evils thereto,
has compelled a large number of the
industrial population to seek other
fields for their efforts, to achieve an
existence, and whilo it is with regret
that we have to acknowledge this, still
it is With some satisfaction that we
realize the number is Iobs . who have
to exist under theso deplorable conditions.
Taking all theso things into consideration, it is with some pleasure that I
can report that our financial position is satisfactory, as the report of
the Secretary-treasurer will show.
At the last session of the Legislature
I was In the fortunato, or unfortunate,
Sositton of being able, in company with
ecretary Treasurer Wells and Vice-
President Simmons, to attend practical-
lv all sessions of tbe house, and endeavor to get the government to pass 'legislation in our interests.
Unemployed Situation.
I took up tho unemployed situation
with Premier McBride, and early in
March a .relief officer was appointed
for the province, which brought to the
attention of tho govornment the prevailing conditions in tho various' districts, and enabled some little relief
to be afforded.
Regulation of Jitney Buses.
As a result of the representations
made with regard to the regulation of
jitney busses, cities nnd municipalities
now have the power to make regulations to cover their operation. In view
of the unemployed situation, and the
Unreliability of the figures and data regarding the number of unemployed in
the province, I in company with Secretary Treasurer Wells, took up the
question of the appointment of a commissioner of labor for the province, to
gather data, on tbe lines of the labor
commissioners in the different states in
the U. S. A., and also in the Province
of Saskatchewan, to aid in the distribution of labor, and to relieve congested districts, and to furnish to the
people a reliable statement of the prevalent conditions.
The Premier stated that he was rath
er favorable to the idea and would take
it up with the government.
I would recommend that the incoming executive take up this question
with the government and urge its introduction.
Re Election Act.
The Election Act, which was refrred
to Secretary Treasurer Wells and myself, was taken up with President Waiters of the Trades Congress, and the
following quotation covers the subject
so thoroughly that further comment is
needless.
(1) Amendments to Election Act':
The parliamentary'report submitted to
St. John Convention contained the following:
(10J    "Revision of Elections Act.
1' A select committee under tho chairmanship of the Hon. C. J. Doherty,
have had under consideration the revi
Blon of tho Elections Act. The purpose of the revision is, particularly, to
insure greater purity in elections.
"Advantage was taken of.the meetings held by the committee to urge the
amending of the Act by the abolition
of tho election deposit, extension of tho
franchise to women, election day to be
a public holiday, provision to be mnde
for train crews to vote, and compulsory
voting.
"The representatives of the Railway
Brotherhoods made a strong plea for
provision being mnde by which train
crews will be guaranteed the use of
their ballot, irrespective of whore duty
calls thom at the regular hours set for
an election. The committee scorned to
bo unanimously of the opinion that
such provision should bo made.
"Your representative mado an urg
ont plea for the abolition of the election deposit, to which the chairman expressed himself in agreement, while
the discuBslon following "left the impression that the committee, as a whole,
were favorably disposed to Buch action,
No hope was held out for the immediate enfranchisement of women, nor for
election day becoming a public holiday,
but it was generally agreed that it
should be made compulsory on the part
of employers to guarantee at least two
hours to the emploees in which to
cast their votes, particularly if compulsory voting became law.
"The chairman expressed himself in
favor of compulsory voting, i.e., compelling^ voter (unless sufficient reason
was shown why he could not' go) to go
to the polling station and by taking a
ballot paper, irrespective of whether he
voted or> simply spoiled his ballot, his
name would be removed from the list
and thus lesson the possibilities of* impersonation.
"Tho committee is continuing their
work and will In all probability report
at tho next session of the bouse,"
The committee submitted thoir
port, the result of which may be summed up, in so far as the desires of
Labor are concerned, in the following
section:
"Evory employer shall on polling
day give to every voter In his employ
one additional hour for voting other
than the noori hour, and shall make no
deduction in tho pay of such employees
nor impose or exact any penalty from
A. S. WELLS
Re-elected for third year to succeed
himself aB secretary-treasurer of the
British Columbia Federation of Labor
any employee by reason of absence during such hour." ■'.
Of the above enumerated amendments proposed by. me, only one met
with that measure of consideration necessary to express itself in action. A
holiday was ask for—an hour was giv-
The amendment should go far,
however, in guaranteeing a wider UBe
of the franchise by! insuring a greater
measure of persojiul liberty in its use,
Workmen's Compensation Act.
In view of the fact that the Attorney-general, and now Premier Bowser,
has given his assurance that this legislation will be plnced on the statue
books at the next session of the house,
I would urge that every effort be made
to. secure such legislation as will assure
to those injured in: industry and their
dependents freedom from poverty.
This is a question; tbat has been used
na a political football for some considerable time and should be settled.
In conclusion. There aro various mat-
maters that will he brought bofore
you that require your serious consideration, and I trust that your efforts will
bring results that will be of some relief. ;■■
Having been, ih office for two years
it has been forcibly impressed upon me
that much better and lasting results
could be .procured, legislatively, were
the workers to use the franchise in the
election of men to the legislative halls
that are interested!in the cause of humanity and understand the working
class position in society.
Respectfully submitted.
AJ WATCHMAN. ^
President.
Spirited Contest Last Night
At the Election of
Officers
The Delegates Said It Was
.   Quite Like the Times
Gone By
Report of the Executive Committee.
To the Delegates, of the sixth annual
|-courentiftn ttl ■ th-rHiritisir Columbia
Federation of Labor—Your Executive
Committee, submits tho following report for your consideration:
On the adjournment of the last convention your executive met nnd took
into consideration the many matters referred to it, and submitted the following to the Provincial Government:
Amendments to the Mines Regulation
Act, amendments to the Truck Act,
registration and examination of plumbers, and the enforcement of sanitary
conditions.
Amendments to the Master and Servants' Act. The enforcement of the
minimum wage of three dollars per day
on all relief work carried on by municipalities and cities, with money loaned
by the government.
A law to cover the inspection of all
construction, instalation and operation
of all electricul work, such-rf power
stutions, pole UneB, etc.
Tho printing of all text-books, etc.,
in the government printing plant.
Amendments to the Municipal Clauses Act, to give power to cities and
municipalities to regulate the closing of
barber shops. And to the Shops Regulation Act on thc same subject.
To amend Municipal Clauses Act to
provide for cities and municipalities to
invest their sinking funds in she
time debentures of their own.
To amend tbe Factories Act to bring
all factories under the act, irrespective
of the number of employees.
The protection of the .workers under
tho proposed Moratorium. Unemployed problem.
Workraon's Compensation Act, and
an net for tho prevention of the employment of Caucasian womon by Ori
entals.
The Executive wns received by the
Premier nnd Attornoy-Gcnoral, the
Minister of Education nnd thc Minis-
tor of Lands, ond each of tho subjects
were tnken up in dotail, and tho replies
of the members of the governmont nro
as fullows:
Mines Regulation Act.
The Premier replied "that tho gov
ernment was considering the matters
relating to tho act, but was not in a
position to say that they would bo
dealt with at that session, and that
they had no complaints about any of
thc mine Inspectors.
The Truck Act wbb promised consideration, as were also the following:
Musters' and Servants' Act, ro the employment of white women by Asiatics,
the question of barber shops, was favorably received, and legislation hns
since beon enacted, but tho ouestion of
municipal finnnco was not likely to bo
considered, said the Premier. The remainder of our requests were promised
coneideration, nnd how favorable it hns
been, will be seen by the legislation
that was enacted at the last session of
tho house.
The question of jitney busses was deferred until the wishes of tho Street
Railwaymen were known, and on a wire
being received by tho secretary treasurer, President Watchman and Secretary Wells waited upon the Prcmior nnd
copies of the resolutions upon the subject wero requested by tho Promier,
which wero sent, and the matter was
promised consideration by tho government.
On the question of picketing laws,
copies of the resolutions wero sent to
congress, nnd replies received from
President Walters and Secrotary Treasurer Droper. Tho organizing of the
timber workors was also taken up with
congress, and President Brown of tho
Timber Workers' International, President Brown promising that the organizing of the timber workers of tho Province would bo taken up as soon bb It
"Just like old times" was the general comment heard last night arapng
the delegates to Vancouver Trades and
Labor council, after one of the most
strenuous sessions which has ever marked the election of.the officers of that
bddyj Vice-president Pettipiece polling
the highest vote of the evening.
■ The Council's New Officers.
Tho following accepted nomination,
and were .voted upon: .
For president, J. H. McVety and G.
H. Hardy. The result of the ballot gave
J. H. McVetv 34 votes and G. H. Hardy
22, thus re-electing thc former ob president of the council for the ensuing six
months.
For vice-president, R. P. Pettipiece
and J. Sully. When the ballot was
counted, R. P. Pettipiece secured 36
votes and J. Sully 21.
Two Ballots for Secretary.
For general secretary, G. Hartley, F;
Knowles and Miss H. * Gutteridge accepted nomination in an election which
took two ballots to decide it." On the
first trial the vote stood at Bartley 13,
F. Knowles 19, H. Gutteridge 24. The
second ballot came out F, Knowles 26,
H. Gutteridge 31, thus electing Miss
Gutteridge secretary of the council.
Likewise for Secretary-treasurer.
The. contestants- for the secretary-
treasurership were J. Campbell, F.
Knowles and G. Bartley. First ballot,
Campbell 22, Knowles 25, Bartley 10;
second ballot, Campbell 24, Knowles 33,
thus electing the latter.
F. A. Hoover, W. Pipes, W. H. Cottrell and J. Brookes stood for tho office
of statistician, W. H. Cottrell being
elected on the 'first ballot, after secur-*
ing the decisive number of 29 votes, .as
compared with Hoover 13, Pipes 5, and
Brooks 8.
Sergeant at Arms No Walkover,
In the running for sergeant at
arms, were W. E. Beattie, H. P.
Wand, J. Sully and J. Brooks.
Three ballots were necessary. On the
first the vote was Beattie 11, Wand 14,
Sully 15 and Brooks 15. At the second,
it. Mood Wand 12,-Sully 22, and BrJbks
20. The third ballot elected J. Sully
with 29 votes to J. Brooks 25.
A Large Field for Trustees.
In the trustees election no less than
seven candidates turned out in the persons of A^ J. Crawford, J. Brooks, G. H.
Hardy, R. E. Rigby, G. Harrison, J*.
Campbell and W. Pipc.B. Of this number it took four ballots to select the
required three.
First ballot, Crawford 27, Brooks 22,
JAB. H. McVETY
Elected by acclamation as president of
the British Columbia Federation of
Labor, to succeed Alex. Watchman,
resigned, to devote his time to his
duties as: vice-president of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada.
TEMPLE COMPANY'S
Thirty-four Were Present,
Representing the
Shareholders
Auditors' I$eport Adopted
and New Directors    -
Were Chosen
was possible, but owing to the fact that
they hi'1 a gigantic struggle on tbeir
hands in the State of Washington it
would hr.vo to be deferred for a short
time. He expressed his thanks for the
interest shown.
Compensation Act
lit line with the policy adopted lost
year a special committee was appointed
to deal with this subject. The committee consisted of J. H. McVety,
chairman; W, Yates and Secrotary
Treasurer Wells. This committee has
be-in engaged in many ways, in the desire to secure legislation along broad
Hues, and will make a report on their
etfoits, and as to their stand when appearing before the government special committee whieh held sittings in
Vancouver during December.
At the Trades' Congress convention
the Hon. W. J. Bowser, Attorney-General of tho province, in the course o'f
his address, requested that the* convention appoint a member of organized labor, resident in the province, on a committer that was being formed by the
government for the purpose of investi
gating tho different compensation ucts
on this continent.
Your oxecutive mc$ in Vancouver and
finally decided that they would recommend a man to the convention, tho
member chosen being J, H. McVety,
Vice-President for Vancouver, he being
the iinsinimoiia choice of the executive,
with Vico-Presidont A. J. Carter alternate, Wo also nuked tbat Congress endorse tho man chosen for the committee, ns ono of the commissioners for the
administration of the act when finally
pnBBod.
Organisation Work.
Owing to the trado depression nothing could be accomplished except by
the individual activities of the members
of the executive, nnd tho circularizing
of tho different organizations by the
secretary treasurer, and by these moth-
ods a few now affiliations were secured, but with unparalleled conditions
organizations are loth to take on new
financial obligations, and wo can only
say that the membership, while decreased, hot by withdrawals but by the
loss in membership of the affiliated organizations, is under tho conditions
very satisfactory, and shows that the
provincial organization Is meeting the
wishes of the workers of the province
and that they are satisfied as to its
usefulness.
In conclusion. With the trade depression still in evidence we can only
suggest that our efforts be continued,
with tho forceB at present to hnnd, in
order thnt when conditions are somewhat changed, we mny -again take n
moro active policy in line with the activities of the federation in tho pust.
Respectfully submitted.
A. Watchmnn, President.
J, n. McVety, Vice-President.
B. Simmons, Vice-President.
W. Yntcs, Vice-President.
A. S. WcIIh, Sec 'y-Trons.
Hnrdy 27, Pipes 8, Rigby 12, Harrison
10 and Campbell 26.
Second ballot, Crawford 20, Brooks
17, Rigby 7, Hardy 24, Harrison 4 and
Campbell 26. "The laBt named was elected on this eount. - '
Third ballot, Crawford 23, Brooke 18,
Hardy 21, and Rigby 1, A. J. Crawford
being elected. .
Fourth ballot, Brooks 21, Hardy 18.
Brooks elected.
The most spirited competition marked
the contest from the'Start to the* finish,
whioh did hot come till 1L15, when the
council adjourned, ,*■",.,'
The General Business.   .;
A large number of - new credentials
wero received and IB delegates took the
obligation.: ■ ^ - ; .
. Portland Trades and Labor council
was: voted. $10 to assist in the fight
whieh it is making in the Oregon city,
against the attempt of the employers
to force open'shop conditions on thc
butcher's union.
Parliamentary Committee Beport
The committee recommended that tbe
council endorse the effort which is being made by the eity. council and other
public . bodies to have, the provincial
government' amend the Deserted Wives
act, in such .manner ae will-bring better
chances for redress for women left in
such a plight.' The advice of the com
mittee was unanimously adopted.      ,
It was resolved in response to a re*
commendation of the same committee
that no officer of the council be permit
ted-to'attach his official endorsation to
the candidature of any aspirant to public offlce, unless definitely authorized to
do so by the council aa a whole.
People's Forum Oommlttee.
This body reported having held two
successful meetings since the new year,
both of which, in its opinion, would
have been even more successful if attended by more union labor members,
Next Sunday the meeting will be addressed by Dr. Mack Eastmnn, professor of- economics in the British Columbia university.
Delegate Miss Gutteridge reported
that executive officers of the council
had attended the annual general meeting of the Vancouver .Labor Temple
| company, a report of which appears
elsewhere in these columns.
Delegate E, Morrison, who was one
of the council's delegates to the recent
convention of the E. O. Federation of
Labor, reported on a number of the
matters which appear in the extended
nccount of the proceedings of that body
Contained in this issue of The Federationist.
The audit committee presented its
annual report, which was adopted.
The President's Beport
President McVety gave a brief account of the business of his office since
laBt meeting,
He had received a request from-"Mr.
W. Francis Ahern, the Australian correspondent of Tho Federationist, for information concerning the firm of Norton Griffiths, which constructed Vancouver Labor Templo.
The firm had stated in Australia that
it had never employed non-union labor
and Mr, Ahern asked for an account of
its action at the timo tho templo was
built, nnd when it had to be restrained
by injunction from employing nonunion lnbor on that job. The presidont
rend a comprehensive statement of the
facts of tho case which he had sent to
Mr. Ahern,
"Bill" Foxcroft Sends a Line.
A lottor had nlso been received Wy
liim from W. Foxcroft, a former delegate to thc council, nnd now in Australia. Two notable statements contained
therein wore that tho writer believed
workmen In Australia woro hotter off
than in any other country; also, that if
it had not been for tho determined opposition of organized labor over there,
conscription would have boon introduced into tho country sinco the war began.
Reports of Local- Unions.
Bartenders reported that the Leland
hotel was still on their unfair list. C,
P. R. machinists have again gone on
Report of the Secretary Treasurer.
To tho Officers and Delegates of tho
sixth annual convontion of the British
Columbia Federation of Labor—Gontle-
(Continued on Page Two.)
THE FEDERATION
EXECUTIVE MET
LAST WEDNESDAY
Tho executive of tho B. C. Federation of Labor met on Wednesday afternoon in the Labor Temple, Vancouver, when the various
matters referring to by tho convention, were doalt with. Tho
policy of Inst year was continued
on tho question of workmen's
compensation, and tho following
committeo appointed. A. S. Wells,
A. J. Carter and W. Yates.
The appointment of vicc-presi-
denta for the two districts, Prince
Rupert and the interior, was dealt
with, and the names will be published as soon ns replies are received.
Tho question of a six-day week
for street car men was dealt with
and the secrctary-treaBuror was
instructed to write tho different
locols of the street railway mon
In the province.
Arrangements aro being mnde
for tho usual interview with the
government on legislative mat-
tors.
The fifth annual general meeting, of
tho Vancouver Labor Temple Co,, Ltd.,
took plaee iu Labor Temple otl Tueeday
evening. In tbe absence!, through sickness of President Brown,' Vice-president
Pettipiece presided.
There were, thirty-four shareholders
present, representing 66,076 shares.
Secretary-treaaurer MeVety read the
report of Messrs. Crehan, Martin * C©%
chartered accountants, covering thirteen
months up -to November 30, 1916, It
showed a lose for the period of $4832.05,'
This waa unanimously received, after I
little discussion.
The secretary-treasurer then reported
-j-the conditions generally of the company's affairs, and submitted a recommendation from the directors, Covering
a proposed plan for the sale of shares
among local and outeide unions, to meet
certain obligations which were pressing .
for settlement.* After a generouf diseur-'
sion the recommendation wns concurred
i, and the report received.
The three* vacancies Occurring ita the
directorate, "by rotation, were then
filled, Mr. Jas. Campbell, to succeed hia- ■
self, Mr. J. Byron and Mies H. Gutteridge being the successful nominees.
The nominations were: Messrs. Isaacs,
Sully, Campbell, Brown, Knowles, Byron
and Miss Gutteridge. Messrs. Crawford and Williams declined nomination.
The same firm of auditors were retained for tho ensuing year.
The board of directors will hold a
special meeting shortly for the purpose
of giving effect to its previous recom-*
mendations, now that they,-have been
endorsed by the shareholders.
SOUTH   VANOOUVER   ELECTION!
Many-Changee But Union Mea Oamt
Out Welk ;■-■:
The municipal elections of Souti
Vancouver held Saturday Set, resulted
in practically a new Council being
placed , a charge, -geeve Oold was defeated by Mr. William Wlnrem, an ex-
councillor of the year 1014, "who obtained upwards of 600 majority, st. ,
. Of the four councillors seeking reelection, Councillors Russell, Rowling,
Welsh and Cnmpbell, the latter met the
same fate as the reeve.
Mr. O. J. Mengel, a new councillor
elected to represent Ward Seven, haa
been prominently connected with the
labor movement in Vancouver for a
number of years, and is well-known
amongst the workers.'
Of the candidates for positions on the
board of school trustees, Secretary
Harry Neelands, of Vancouver Typographical union, who was the. only retiring member of the 1015 board who
sought re-election, Mr. W. W. Robertson and Mr. G. A .Stevens were the
successful ones out of a ticket of six.
Mr. Neelands has been a member of
the board during the past four years,
and at the last two elections, 1914 and
1916,' was placed at the head of the
poll. On Tuesday evening last the nen
board elected him as their chairman fol
the ensuing year.
Mr. R. E. Rigby, of the Street Rail
waymen _ union, who was also a candidate, put up a good fight, and, consider*
ing it wns his first appearance, made a
very creditable showing indeed, and no
doubt'will be again heard from at some
future date.
ADVOCATES ELECTION AT LABOB
Ex-Aid. Crowe Strikes Popular Chord
In Retiring Speech Last Monday.
Ex-Alderman Crowo, who has for
somo years been the chairman of the
civic board of warks, voluntarily relinquished office nt the end of the year.
With him The Federatlonist has often
disagreed, but his remarks last Monday
morning, ns the retiring aldermen made
their valedict'orios, wns very much to
the point. Said Mr. Crowe: "While
thc reduction in the number of aldermen
from sixteon to eight is a step in the
right direction, I regret they woro not
elected from the oity at largo." It will
be remembered tbat some months ago
Mr. Crowo introduced n bylaw in favol
of such n plan, but it met defeat. The
central body should ngnin tako up the
question nnd try out the new council In
plenty of timo for next year's elections,
Ohf But That's Different
William Crawford Anderson, lnbor
member of parliament for Sheffield, hu
made public tho text of a bill that he
purposes to introduce in tho house of
commons at the onrliest possible moment for the conscription of wealth.
The Anderson bill provides for the sequestration of oil unearned income for
tho period of tho war, including rents,
interests, dividends, royalties and annuities. Alt such payments, undor the
bill, would be tnken over by a government trustee who- would make moderate
allowances for the maintenance of the
persons from whom the funds are taken.
short' time. Painters had no men working, but they had a sum of money which
they were to consider spending in the
purchase of some more Labor Temple
shares. Streot Railwaymen have for
somo time past boen trying to make
things better for their members by all
laying off in rotation so as to give all
a chance to mnko a living. The eompany had announced its intention of
trying to stop tho practice, with the result that the street railwaymen are going to seek tho six-day weok by legislation from the governmont.
New Typo. Scale at Medicine Bat
A now scnlo for Medicine Hat, Alta.,
hns boon signed, to expire October 31*,
1917. An immediate increase of 10 per
cont. was granted, and another increaso
of 10 per cent. «ill be made at tho close
of tho war.
______ PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT, JANTJABY 21, 1916    \
f
INCORPORATED 1866
THB
Molsons
Bank
CAPITAL and RESERVE
(8300,000
96 Branches ln Canada
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rat*
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
The Royal Bank
pf Cahada
'INCORPORATED 1MI
Paid-up Capital
Reaerve -
Total Aaaeta - •
t 11,600,00
12,600,000
* 1M,000,000
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DEPOSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will span
ihe account, and your
business -will ba welcome ba It large er
amall
Branches, and eoneaponflanta
■     throughout the world
THE
INCORPORATED
IMS
BANK OF
TORONTO
Assets »il,00p,-H»
Deposits...., $48,000,000
The Sate Investment
of Small Funds
Is to molt men a difficult problem,
JI  and many hare lost all their
\ uiBllejr  through   unwise • Invest-
meats.  .   \
U your funds are deposited in
THE BANKiOF TORONTO
Barings' Department yon may be
sure they aw in the safest place
possible.
OUr large, Assets and  Beserte
Fund afford e comfortable feeling
of security to all our customers.
Interest paid on. balances twice a
year.
Paid-up Capital *W,000,000
Beserred ruda *6^07,«78
Corner Hastings and Cambie Sts,
British Columbia
LAND
Splendid opportunities ln 1—taT
Farming,  Dairying,  Stook  and
roultry.   Britlah    Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Actual Settlers—
Free
TERMS—Residence on the tend
for »t leut three y«n; improvements to the extent of |6 per
acre; bringing under enltWetton
et leut five icree.
Pur further Information apply to
DEPUTY MINISTER OP
IiANDS, VICTORIA, B.O.
SECRETARY, BUREAU Or
PBOVINOIAL INFORMATION,
VICTORIA, B.O.
1\ Pettipiece.
. Managing-Director
Offlce:   Boom 217. Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495 '
Subscription:    $1.50 per year; ln Vancouver
Oity, $2.00; to unions subscribing
ln a body, 91.00
W~       REPRESENTATIVES
New Westminster.  . .W. E. Maiden, Box 934
Prince Ruport W. E. Donning. Box 591
Victoria  '    "   "" "     "      '""
.A. 8. Wells, Box 1538
Affiliated with tho Western Labor Press
Association
"Unity of Laboj: tbe Hope of the World.
FRIDAY JANUARY 81, 11*10
THE TELEPHONE TAKES
THS   MILES   OUT   07   DISTANCE
When you want to phone to Vancouvor Island, to the Kootenay or down
the coast, uso tho telephone right beside you. Every telephone is a long
distance telephone.
Thero is no difficulty in hearing too
party at the other end.
So when you want to telephone long
distance, do so from your own house
or offlce. ,    ,,
You get yonr party, or yon don t
p»y. That means you get your answer. And all In a few moments, too.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE
COMPANY, LIMITED
T-ttE CONVENTION of the British
Columbia   Federation   of  Lnbor,
which has boen in session hero
this week, wns not so large, nor did it
last as long as some of the previous
gut he rings    ef    that
body. Those facta itry
FEDERATION    .^      Rttributablo
CONVENTION {o jho gon^l indus-
THIS WEEK.     trilll d0l)1.qfl8ioil wlli(;Jl
prevails all ovor tho
province. This has greatly rcdneotl the
membership of unions, and has placed
a very heavy financial burden on those
organizations which, up to now, have
been able to stand up undor the sovor-
eat .teat which the labor movement of
the province has yet had to face.
# #        ' #
Bearing in mind these' conditions, it
wds a foregone coneluaion that the convention would bo of smaller aize aod
shorter duVation. But after allowing
for thoso things, Secretary-Treasurer
Welle wns still able to report an approximate membership of 4000, distributed
among 70 organizations affiliated with
the Federation. Moreover, the finances
are this yeny in better shape th^n tl*ey
have been ^or the past three years.
■    t       * # #
' When Seoretary Wells took office at
New Westminster,'he-inherited a small
balance in tho bank, and a pile of unpaid billft which the Federation has
only thiB year, by hard struggle and
strictest economy, succeeded in paying
off. Today, if has a small balance over
and above all its liabilities, und despite
its greatly reduced membership. " Thus
so far as that Bide of* its affairs are
concerned, it is in a very creditable
Much of tho best of its. work has
been done during the past two years,
and is just beginning to show signs .of
Wring fruit. The now Workmen's
Compensation act,' which the government has announced its intention to
pass ot .the coming session of the provincial legislature, is in very large
measuro due to the work of the Federation in that time. The activities which
havo led up to it may not have been ae
spectacular aB eome of those iu tho past,
but they are certainly calculated to be
of more permanent benefit to the working class of the province, both organized and unorganized.
• . » •.'
The debate which.took place regarding the advisability of continuing tbo
Federation brought forth tho very definite opinion thnt to dissolve it, or even
to suspend its annual gatherings for a
few years/ would be a mistake. At the
same time it was -just as well the discussion of that question found a place
in the convention. It.cleared up a good
deal of doubt and indecision, and put
the future of tho Federation on'a much
better foundation. It furnished a con-
eluaive answer to tho chronic croakings
of a typo of working claas pessimist
who has really been dead for some time,
but.is not convinced of that because ho
haa not yet had tho good- grace to lie
down and prove it for himself.
• •    '--"§'•"       ja
The change in the presidency was not
unexpected, since ex-President A.
Watchman was elected to tho vice-presidency of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada laBt September. He
voluntarily retires from tho position of
chief executivo officer of tho Federation
after two years of entirely creditable
.service rendered at a trying period in
the history of tho organization.
• « «
A notable feature of the convention
\\\\a the presenco, for the first time, of
delegates from the Brotherhood of Rail-
road Trainmen, one of tho best organized nnd most influential of tho railroad
organizations. They made it plain thnt
the final factor whieh doeidod their
coming io was the work of tho Federation ia connection with workmen'e compenaation legislntioo which, in view of
the very hazardous nature of their
work, they arc vitally Interested in.
Their nction should- oventually reeult in
the affiliation of other unions in the
samo line of industry as themselves.
» t  '       «
Looking back over all tho previous
conventions, and taking into account
tho particularly strenuous conditions
which confront the orgunizod labor
movement just not?, this week's gathering will not rank among the least useful
of them. Tho industrial life of this
province has hardly-begun yet, but it is
far enough on its way to prove that the
work of tho Federation is a necessary
quantity in the totality of the efforts
of tho working class to secure better
conditions of lifo. It has a future of
usefulness before it. Conditions if nothing else will determine that.
W. C. Anderson, one of the labor
members of the British parliament who
opposed the conscription bill, is introducing a bill calling for the conscription of wealth. Its political value will
be very considerably discounted by its
not being introduced bofore tho conscription bill instead of afterwards.
The comparisons it would have produced would have*- been moro instructive, and most likely, as u consequence,
mor    effective.    \
B.C. FEDERATION
CONVENTION MET
HERE THIS WEEK
112     33.45
16.40
.114     35.00
(Continued from page One.)
men: I submit for your consideration
the following financial statement pertaining to thc office of tho Secretary-
Treasurer for the year 1915.
Receipts and Expenditures.
Per capita tax receipts—
.Taouury $ 322.61
February :     53.30
March    120.25
April  ...-   15.00
May        1-02
July    . -134.20
August        34,57
September -.;     96.92
October       -8.34
November      28.76
December      87.25
Total per capita tax receipts.   908.72
Received from CongresB    200.00
Baiunco,. Doc., 1914       18.41
Total receipts ..... $1127.13
Disbursements.
January $435.25
February ...."     113.60
March ....          145.00
April   *.'        3.00
May ....;..■.'..-. ".       5.00
July         84.50
August      33.86
Septembor     141.25
October. ,   67.50.
November      33.45
Decembor      52.00
Total disbursements ... .
Balance Dec. 31, 1915 ..
..$1114.40
..     12.73
$1127.13
Bills Payable December 31st, 1915.
B. C. Federationist; Ltd.  $ 30.00
Cownri &.Brookhouse, printing.. 37.15
Secretary, salary 2 mos. 60.00
Per capita tax', Trades Congress   10.00
$137.15
Disbursements.
January..
Check
;.'.'    '  No.Amount.
1—J, W. Gray, balance account attending exocutive
sessions  63 $ 13.10
11—A. Watchman, expenses
to Vancouver und wire..64      6.90
Remington Typewriter Co.05     10.00
15—T. N. Hibbon Co./offico
supplies  66      4.25
Miss H, Gutteridgo, on account attending Washing,
ton State Fed. of Labor
convention  ...67     20.00
A. S. Wells, sec. sal. for
Nov., 1914 and exchange..68     31.05
Cowan & Brookhouse,   on
account for printing 69     30.00
19—T. N. Hibben Co., stat... 70      1.10
23-A-W. Robson  71      2.50
25—R. P. Pettipiece, B. C.
Federationist on account. .72     16.00
20--A. S. Wells, sec. sal. for
Dec, 1914 .,73     30.00
27—J. Simpson, janitor's
.sorvice for convention... .74     18;00
.  A.   Watchman,   attending
executivo sessions   .' 75    35.00
S. Guthrie, attending executive sessions 76     26.85
' W. YatcB, attending execu- .
tive sessions ,..? 77    26.00
J. Lydn, attending executive sessions-.  •..••78     25.00
B. Simmons, attend executive sessions- 7ft    32.00
J. H. McVety^   attending
executive sessions  80     37.80
A.  J.   Carter,   attending
executive sessions  81     15.90
W. E. Denning, attending
executive sessions 82     16.00
W. F. Dunn, attending executive sessions ,. 83     37.80
$435.25
48,60
30.00
30.00
5.00
$113.60
October.
8—A. S. Wells, salary July
and August ..- 110     60.00
A. Watchman, balance of ■
account    ....; Ill       7.50
$67.50
November.
27—A. S. Wells, salary for
Sept.,     poetago   and   ex
change ;
December.
21—Miss     Helena     Gutteridge, bal. of acct'. ,.113
A. S. Wells, salary for
October, postage jind ex
change	
',"■ " -1 JS'i $52.00
Membership.
The per'capita tax. receipts spook for
themselves, and show a decided decrease ih the membership; ndt however because of withdrawals, but bo-
causo of the decreased membership of
the affiliated organizations, and while
some* withdrawals have been made they
have been duo to tho conditions prevailing, and for that reason I havo not
mado any detailed statement as to tho
withdrawals or to new affiliations.
The por capita tax receipts wil'l give
a good iadiention as to tjie number of
mcmbe('\ affiliated, but many are still
affiliated that have not been able to
meet their payments, and will-'in the
nofcr, future bo ablo to meet .all obligation*; v
Financial Position.
In spite of-tho prevailing conditions
tho financial! position of the Federation is better than last year; our indebtedness boing only for a very Bmall
amount; and while strict economy has
been practiced I am of the opinion that
with stricter economy the Federation
will be able to weather tho storm even
with the reduced income, and would
suggest that the incoming executive
delegate the duty of interviewing the
government to a sub-committee, and
thus materially reduce the expense entailed. |
Conclusion.
Aftertwo yeijrs aa an executivo officer of the Federation, and understanding its limitations, I hold the opinion
that the Federation can be made the
most useful body in the province to the
workers as an educational medium, nnd
also for legislative purposes.
The attack made on provincial Federations at the CongresB convention was
unwarranted and without foundation.
Legislation that affects the workers, is
more provincial than federal, as practically all legislation that we are seeking can only be enacte d provincially,
and the geographical nature of the Dominion, with its great distances, would
alone be a factor in proving the necessity for the workors to organize provincially, and it is only by their coming together that they can understand
the needs of the different sections,
and while depreciating the fact that
divisions exist and that wo are still
some distance from our goal, the fact
remains and it is for us as Trades Unionists to use our efforts in endeavoring to secure some palliative measures
and to resist the encroachments of
capitalism until the time when, born of
a knowledge of the working class position, the workers will reach the gopl
so long striven for, when war shall
cease and the product of labor shall belong to those that produce it. I desire
to express my appreciation to all that
have assisted me in the work during
tho yearj local officers by their loyal
support and prompt replies to corret-
spondence, and th«r many exprossiona
for the welfare of tho Federation, nnd
would again point ont thatMihe Federation nrfiy become a greater power by
the interest in the work thnt is taken
by tho membership and their active
support being extended.
Respectfully submitted.
A. S.'WELLS,
Secretary-Treasurer.
February.
5—A. S. WellB,    attending
exocutive sessions   and   3
days before convention.. .84
9-aCowan & Brookhouse, on
account' printing 85
13—Herald Print. Co.,    Nanaimo  86
26—Remington     Typewriter
■ Co 87
Par-lia-mont—if there wero moro
meant and less of the middle syllable
about it, then it might be more useful.
According to F. M. Searest, a member
of the Ohio Industrial commission, there
were 94,000 accidents to workingmen
and women in that state during the
year 1915. It sounds like a report from
a battlefield.
March.
1—A.   S.   Wella,   postages
und exchange  88 5.6(1
2—J. H. McVety, long distance phono  ..89 1.05
Victoria Typewriting Co..90 1.60
9—A. S. Wells,    Sec. sal.
Jan., exchange, etc 91 {30.60
24—Herald Print, bal acct..92 33.50
Cowan   & Brookhouse, on
account   ...93 25.00
A. S. Wella, sal. Feb. and
exchange 94 30.65
Nanaimo Socialist Hall Co.
rent for convention hall..95 12.00
Remington Typewriter Co..06 5.00
$145.00
April.
0—Postmaster Victoria P.O.
box rent 97      3.00
May.
27—A. S. Wella, postages.. .98      5.00
July.
2—Trades Congress, per
capita     99      10.00
12—A. S. Wella,    aee.    Bal.
for March ...100   ,30.00
15—A. Watchman, expenses
attending meeting .of Federationist trustees 101     12
A.   S.   Wells,   expenses
attonding meeting of Federationist trustees 101     12.60
Ling distance phone messages  103      4.50
20—Victoria Printing ft
Publishing Co., on account
printing 104    15.00
August.
5—A. S. Wells,   sec.   sal.
for April,   exchange   and
supplies  165     33.85
September.
10—Victoria     Printing     ft
Publishing Co 106     11.25
Cowan & Brookhouse ...107    20.00
A. S. Wella, sec. Bal. May
and Juno 108    60.00
A. Watchman, expenses to
Congress convention, on
account..... 10ft     50.00
$141.20
ty-five dollars per month for the widow
or widower as mentioned, and a minimum of aevon dollara per month for
each child, not however to exceed fifty
dollars per month, raising the maximum
and setting a minimum as well, and
also asked that tho same minimum be
made for pormunent total disability,'
viz., thirty-five dollars per month.
, Tho composition of the commission
was taken up, nnd we asked for the
commission to be composed of three
members, one of whoni should bo -a
member of organized labor. We urged
that no appeals be allowed, either on
questions of fact or law, being of the
opinion that tho commission should bo
more capable of understanding the
facts, and as to the questions of law,
than would a judge, or number of
judges, or any other tribunal.
Schedule 2.
.This schedule provides for tho individual 'liability of large corporations,
and was strongly opposed by tho railroad brotherhoods, as well as by your
committoe, on tho grounds thnt tho
state fund was n surer guarantee o€ the
benefits than any other concern, and
removed the.injured from the personal
dealings on questions of compensation
with the omployera that would otherwise occur.
Beport of Special Committee on Compensation for Industrial Accidents,
• To the Executive and Delegates to
the British Columbia Federation of Labor—Your committee beg to report ns
follows:
On the introduction by the Attorney-
General of his draft bill for the compensation of injured workmen and their
dependents your committee renewed
their activities, and articles were written and published- in the labor proas of
the province criticising the draft bill.
At the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada convention tho Attorney-General stated that a special committee "was
to be appointed by the governmont for
the purposes of investigating the compensation nets of the different states
in the U. S. A., and" asked that a member of organized labor be appointed
on the committeo by Congress, and Bro.
J. H. McVety was appointed. On the
return of this committee sittings were
hefld in the City of Vancouver for the
purpose of hearing the views of the
different interests; your committee
were in attendance nnd stated their
views,' and asked that the draft bill
be amended in n good many respects,
and nre as follows:
Clause II.—Interpretation: Outworker. Workman. Being of tho opinion
that the outworkers were excluded from
the act, that it would tend to tbe introduction of sweat shop conditions, we
asked for tho elimination of this exclusion. And also asked thnt females
should be specifically mentioned, in order thnt no confusion should arise nftor
the act became law.
Waiting period. Clause in.—Wo
took exception to any wniting period,
pointing out' that a largo percentage of
accidents did not incapacitate for a
longer period than two weeks.
Section IV. Casual labor—Under this
section casual labor is eliminated,frorn
the act. Casual labor as interpreted in
the net would in a groat many cases
bar from the act men working in the
building trades, ns well as many others
engaged casually by employors but not
for thoir usual business or trado. This
was in our opinion a very serious weakness in tho act and we UBkcd for its
elimination. The question of the assignment of compensation was the next
one token up, and objection was taken
by your committee to tho compensation being assigned under any circumstances.
Scale of Compensation. Clause 33,.
sub-sections b., et.c.—While tho scale of
compensation is set at 55 per cent, of
the wages of the injured, and a maximum thus fixed, this can again be reduced in the case of widows and children being dependent by the following
method:
Sub-section "c." reads: "Where
the^ dependents are a widow ot an invalid widower and one or more children, a monthly payment of twenty
dollars, with an additional payment of
five dollars for each child under the
age of sixteen years, not exceeding on
the whole forty dollars,1"
Section five of the same clause reads;
"And if the compensation payable un
der that sub-section would in any case
exceed that percentage it Bhall be reduced nccordinly." We urged that a
minimum payment be inserted of thir-
As this occupation was not specifically mentioned in tho industries covered Jjy the act wo nscked that it bo inserted, and that the commission tako
into consideration the many quostions
that' havo arisen under the old nct,-such
as the Admiralty Law, the question of
foreign bottoms.
Safety First.
* Dooling with this question we naked
that the commission be. placed in
charge of the administration of the
factory act, and nlll other acts concerning the safety of tho workers in their
different callings, and that thoy be
empowered to make such rules and regulations in the different' industries as
would tend to eliminate accidents to a
very small percentage. Tho commission would be through the working of
the act, and tho data thus secured, fully
informed as to the cause of accidents,
and ns there are at present in some
states provisions made along tho lines
given and have been found to be of
great benefit, there should be no objection to this course Tieing adopted.
Penalties.
In the interests of the workers and
to ensure their safety as far ns possible, we asked that "some syatem Bhould
be adopted that would place a penalty
oh careless omployers, who had more
thnn the usual percentage of accidents,
and suggested the merit syatem or the
reduction of ratings on those who by
their care and the introduction of safety appliances and methods came below
the usual percentage in tho number of
accidents in their occupations.
The question of the compensation of
government employees was taken up,
nnd while the provincial government'
have not the power to enact legislation
covering'federal employees, yet we asked that provision be made for provincial employees, and some steps be taken
to cover the federal employees by some
arrangement which would give tho
same compensation at least.
Medical Act
The question of medical aid and tho
wniting period are so closely .connected
that the chairman of the committee
asked the employers' representatives,
and the representatives of labor to
meet him in nn informal manner, and
he would give the facts gathered by the
committee on these quostions, ThiB was
carried out and much valuable information waa thus secured by both inter-
eats; and, as a result, and on the suggestion of the chairman, an informal
session wns held between the employers' representatives and your committee and the representatives of the railroad brothrhoods, a"d the following
suggested medical aid provisions woro
agreed to by both interests.
Memo, of suggested medical aid provision for Workmen's Compensation Act—British Columbia. .
1. Board to be empowered to provide
out of the Accident Fund reasonable
medical and surgical aid for all injured workmen at time of injury and
thereafter during disability to cure ond
relieve from effects of injury, such nid
to include necesaary tranaportntion,
nursing and hospital aervicea, crutches
and artificial members.
2. To equolize the coat of such medical aid, employers to be required to deduct from wages of workmen one cent
for each day or part of day employed
and remit same to the board.
3. Plans of medical aid existing or to
be established between employer and
workmen which, after ascertaining the
views of employer and workmen, the
board approves as being not less effective in the interests of both employer and workmen generally thnn the provisions of the Act are to be preserved.
So long as such approval stands unrevoke^ the workmen undor such plan
will not be entitled to claim medical
aid from the board under the Act, nor
will they be required to contribute the
one cent per day to the fund.
4. The board to have full supervision
and control of all medical aid furnished under the provisions of the Act.
"' 5, The contribution received as above
from workmen to be used ih defraying
the oxpenscs of medical aid, apy further amount required* .for"this purpose
to be taken by the board from fyie Ac:
cident Fund 'or provided in some appropriate assessment from employers generally, except employers operating under a plan approved by the board under Clause 3 above.
The undersigned interests, agree to
the insertion in the proposed Workmen's Compensation-Act for British Columbia of a medical aid provision aB
above outlined, subject'to such amplification or'wording--as may be found necessary to adapt the samo to tho Act
as finally passed, on the condition that
the Act ahall also contain a provision
for a waiting period to the effect that
no compensation other than medical aid
shall in any case «be allowed for the
first throe working daya of disability.
Vancouver, December 22nd, 1915.
For Joint Committeo of Employers, •
E. C. KNIGHT. -
For B. C. Federation of Labor,
A, S. WELLS.
For Railway Brothorhoods,
M. A. CRAWFORD.
T. J. COUGHLIN.
While the proposod medical ajd provisions may not come.up to tho ideal
wo have had in mind, the fact' remaina
that in the acta in the states not all
have these provisions, and ono of thc
reasons boing that the two interests
could not agree, and the results are
that no medical aid provisions nre
made, and as wo considered the insertion of such an aid was nocesBary bofore t'Jie Act would materially benefit
thoso. injured to any groat extent, owing to the hpavy cost of medical attention, we felt tnat ov.en with tho contributory clause that wo could not afford1 to bo: without this feature, and
while it -was with reluctance wo agreed
to this contribution on tho part of the
workers, but having in mind that the
wniting period was reduced .to three
days, and no further or bolter provisions could be agreed upon, we place
our action before you with the impression that our action will be endorsed.
Miss Helena Gutteridge, on behalf
of the Vancouver Tradea' Council,
spoke on behalf of the women workers
of the province, and put n capital
case before the committee on behalf of
our sister workers.
The railroad brothorhoods woro represented by several of their membera, and
co-operated, with ub on .. all occasions,
and wo wish to express our appreciation for their oBsiBtancc and ready Jielp
on nil occasions.
Respectfully submitted.
W. YATES.
A. S. W^LLS.
DELEGATE TO CONOBESS.
Beport of Delegate to Trades and Labor
Congress Convention, Vancouver,
Sept. 20 to 25, 1916.
To the Officers and Delegates to the
sixth annual convention of the British
Columbia Federation ot Labor—As* delegato elected by the last convention to
attend the- thirty-first' annual convention of the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, I hereby submit the following report: •
The convention open-ed in Vancouver
on September'20th and continued in session till September 25th. Mr. J. H.
McVety, president of the Trades and
Labor Council, welcomed tho delegates
in a pleasing address. There wore also
present on the platform: Mayor Taylor, of the city; the Hon. W. J. Bowser,
Attorney-General of the province; the
Hon. T. W. Crothers, Minister of Labor;
Mr. H, J. Conway, fraternal delegate
from the A, F. of Lnbor; Mr. Andrew
Furuseth, of tho Seamen's Union; and
myself; aa president of the British Columbia Federation of Labor.; The report of the credential committee showed 189 delegates entitled to a 'seat in
tho convention. The executive officers-'
report gave a,review of the work" which
they have beon doing during the past,
year, nnd will no doubt,, bo of im^ens-
urablb value to the workerB of tho Dominion. .Secretary Treasurer Draper
reported a decrease in membership for
the year, but when we realize the industrial condition in the Dominion for the
last two years we must considor Congress very fortunato in being able to
show such a good membership. The financial statement showed a balance of
$2014.18 for tho year of receipts over
expondituroB, a very creditable condition, president Waiter's report dealt
with a variot'y of subjects that would
be of immense educational value if
read by the workers of the-Dominion,
Ninty-six resolutions were *presei,te^
dealing with all kinds of gintter that
concern the interests of workers, many
entailing lengthy discussion' and debate,
As the printed reports of the convention are now available no useful purpose would be served by giving a summary of nil the various matters sub*,
mittod. I would urge every delegate to
get a copy of the report; give it their
consideration and so familiarize themselves with the various subjects dealt
with, and the work of the officers of
Congress on behalf of the organized labor movement of the Dominion. However I would call the attention of tho
(Continued on -page Fivo.
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VANCOUVER UNIONS
TBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MKETB
flnt snd third Tinu-idari. KxesnUvt
botrd: Junes H. MoVety, preildent: K. P.
Pettipiece, vice-pmident; Qeorge Birtler.
general leoretwy, 810 Libor Temple: Mill
il. Outterldge, treaiurer; Fred. A. Hoover,
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J. Craw/ord, Frtd, Knowlei, F. W. Willi
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ALLIED   PRINTING   TRADES    COUN-
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Son.ih\, p,mv4wft H-*J- Bothtli iecretary,
H. Neelandi, P. 0. fiox 66.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.-OH-
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flnt Sunday of eaeh month. Preaident.
Jamea Campbell; flnanolal aeeretary, H.
Davii, Box 424, pfaone Bey. 4763; recording
iecretary, Wm. Jtottlikaw, Globe Hotel. Mala
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corresponding secretary, W. S, Dagnall, Box
53; financial secrotary, W. J. Pipes; busineu
agent, W. 8. Dagnall, Room 215.
BROTHERHOOD   OF   BOILER    MAKERS
and Iron Sttlp   Bullden   and   Helper*
ol America,   Vancouver   Lodge   No.   194—  V
Prealdenl, A. CAnpbell, 7* Seventeenth avenue weat; 'aeeretary, A. Fraaer, 1161 Howe
atreet.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. Sll
meets room 205, Laber Temple, every
Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. McDougall,
1102 Powell street; recording iecretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; flnanclal iecretary and buslnesa agent, fi. H. Morriion,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
PATTERN    MAKERS'     LEAGUE     0? -
NORTH AMEIUCA.-rVancouver and
vicinity. Branch meeta Tat and Srd Friday! at Labor Temple, room 90S. H. Night*
Bealee, pnaldent, 176 Flfty-alxtfa avenue
eait; Joa. Q. Lyon, financial aeeretary, 1791
Grant atreet; J. Campbell, recording iee*
retary. _m Argyle atreet.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
PLOTEES. Pioneer Ulvlilon. No. 101—
Meeta Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wednesday! at 2:80 and 6 p. m. President. Joa.
Hubble; ncording lecreta*, Jaa. E. Oriffln;
166, Twenty-flfth avenne eait; financial aee-
retary and buiineu agent, Fnd. A. Hoover,
9409 Clark Drive.
JOURNEYMEN    TAILORS'      UNION    OF
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i 'held flnt Tuesday la eaeh month, I p. ■,
President. Francis Williimi; vice-president,
Misi H. Gutteridge; ncording aee, O. He-
Donald, Bos 508; Inanelal eeentary, K.
Patewon. P. O. Boa 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO 226—
Meeta teat Sunday of each month at I
p.m. Pmldent, R. Farm, Pettlplece;. vice-
prealdenl, W. 8. Metrger; lecretary-treasnrer
R. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 66.
PBOVINOIAL UNIONS
B.    O.    FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU
In annual convention in January. . Executive offlcen, 1815-16:   Preildent, A. Watch-    *>
man;      vice-presidents—Vancouver,    W.    F.
Dunn, J. H. McVety; Victoria, B. Slmmona;
New.weitmlmter, W. YatMj Prince Rupert,     -	
W. E. Denning; Revelitike, J. Lyon; Dli- *•
trlot 28, U. M. W. of A. (Vancouver iiland),
8. Guthrie; Dlatrlct 18, TJ. M. W. of A.
(Crow'e Neat Valley), A'. J. Carter; aeon-
tary-tnaauiyr, A. S. Wella, P. O. box 1688,
Victoria, B. O.
VICTORIA, B. C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUN-
OIL—MeeU Int and third Wedneaday,
Labor hall, 1494 Government atnet, at 8
6 m.   Pnaldent, A. 8. Weill; aeeretary, F.
oldridge, Boa 802, Victoria, B. O.
NBW WESTMINSTER
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
of America, local 784,  New Westminster.
MeeU second Sunday of eaeh month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson. Box 496.
OBOAN1ZBD  LABOR  COMPANIES.
LABOR   TEMPLE   COMPANY, LIMITED—
Dlncton: Jaa. Brown, preaident; R. P.
Pettipiece, vlce-preildent:   Edward   Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, J. W. Wllklnaon, Geo. Wll
by, W. J. Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free.
Managing director and eecretary- trea-mi
H. McVety, room 211, Labor Temple.
B. C. FEDERATIONIST, LIMITED—MeeU
at 'call of president, Labor Tomple, Vancouver, B. O. Dlrecton: Jamea Campbell,
preildent; J. H. McVety, lecretarytroesurer;
A, Watchman, A. 8. Weill. R. Perm. Pettlplece, manager, 217 Labor Temple. Tele*
phoue:   Seymour 7491.
PANTAOES
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THRU SHOW* DAILY
2.«, 7.M, ».t»    Seaaon-e  Prlcee:
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Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
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•Ale
AND
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Vote afalail a-reMMUeal    Vmetat  rv     r
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lak far Ikla Lab.1 vkea panhaaln, Bnt,
Ala ar Farter, aa • naraitee Oat It le Galea lfe4a. TU. Ia Oar total OFFICIAL     FATES    TAVOOVTBB
TBADBS   AMD   LABOE   OOTOOH,
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
EIGHTH YEAR, No. 3
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 21,1916
/ la V*uuoinr\
V    atty, ii.oo ;
$1.50 PER YEAB
MR. J. W. DeB. FARRIS REVEALS ACTUAL ClJOTiii^
PREFERS GRAVE CHARGES
J AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT
'HE LABOR FORUM MEETING last Sunday evening in the Labor Temple was addressed by Mr. J.
W. DeB. Farris, and despite the many counter attractions, the hall was comfortably filled. Mr. J.
E. Wilton occupied the chair. Mr. Farris was in
good form and for nearly two hours held his audi-
,      „ cnce with a vivid recital of some of the history of
the Vancouver Island miners' late, strike. His subject was: "The
Policy of the Provincial Department of Mines in Relation to the Mining Industry on Vancouver Island." Of such interest is the subject
matter that The Federationist feels amply justified in publishing Mr.
Farris* address in full
Bir. Farriss' Address.
Mr. Chairman, Ladles and Gentlemen:
The subject upon which I propose to
speak to you is the provincial government's attitude to labor in connection
with the eoal mines on Vanoouver Island.
My connection with labor in this eity
has been of a professional nature. I
bave been engaged to do certain work
as a lawyer on behalf of certain organizations of workers, or individual workingmen. I have performed these services to the best of my ability, and I
have been paid for them, and there Is
an end of the matter; there is nothing
due from the one side or the other.
Counsel for the Miners.
But in eonnection with my duties in
that way, I have been forced to observe
certain things. I was engaged as one
of the counsel to defend those unfortunate men on Vancouver Island who engaged in certain riotous proceedings, or
were alleged to have engaged in certain
riotous proceedings, aB the result of the
strike on Vancouver Island. In my professional capacity I saw certain things
which evon a blind man could not help
but see. Since that time, as most of
you no doubt are aware, I have been
engaged by relatives of some of the
minera who lost their lives in the disasters on Vancouver Island, and once
more it has been my privilege to see
certain things as they existed on that
island.
A Message,
I offer you no apology for appearing
here tonight, because, as a result of the
experiences which I have had in a professional capacity, as a result of the
further investigations which I* have
made, and, influenced by certain conclusions whieh I have been forced to draw
from the facts which I have seen and
learned, I believe that I have a mes-
"|[ht for you people gathered
larks are to be in rela-
itude of the government
d in connection with the
intion on Vancouver Island.
yer, and I think a good deal
lawyer than a politician, I
a legal procedure.
      Grave Charges,
I have a charge to make against the
government, I will adduce certain facts
and evidence which I have in my possession to Buppart that charge. I will
then attempt to draw my conclusions,
and I leave it to you to reach a verdict of "guilty or not guilty" in regard to the government of this province.
I will read the charge against the government. It is on that charge that I
propose to adduce the evidence, and it
is this; ' ^.
#*^"TBat the miners on Vancouv«|
/ Island have been unfairly treated;  "
I   that tbere has been a failure to en-
I   force the proper precautions for the
/   safety of human   life   ln these
(    mines; that the government of this
>•    province Is responsible; that there
I    haB been, and tbere is, a bond of
/    sympathy and understanding  be-
I    tween the coal mine operators and
the government of this province,
which is a menace to the interests
of labor, and a crime against the
cosl miners and their families."
Now, there is no halfway measures1
about that.   It is no milk and water
charge.   It is, if I understand it, a
serious and solemn allegation to mflke.j
I ask you to listen to what I have tol
^offcr in support of the allegation.     _j\
^* Offers of Proof. *^|
Your chairman haB referred briefly to
the strike on Vanoouver island. That
strike occurred in September, 1912; that
strike is a very significant thing, in
view of and in connection with the
charges whieh I have made. There nre
other things before and since which
will merit your consideration. The
strike looms rather large in the popular
mind and I will start from that.
Act Not Enforced.
There is in British Columbia an act,
which is a very good act, If it were only
enforced, known as "The Coal Mines
Regulation act." Now these miners
are men who go down under the ground
and work at coal mining, which is their
occupation or calling in life. Thoy earn
- their daily bread by working in these
mines, underground, a dangerous occu-
pation at the best of times; under the
best circumstances and the best conditions, which can be given to these men.
They are practically taking their lives
in their hands when they go down into
these mines; when thely leave their
homos and bid farewell to their wives
and children at daybreak or at nighttime—for often they work during the
night shifts—there is no assurance that
they will ever return, and in all too
many cases in this province of British
Columbia, these miners, after they have
bid farewell to their wives and children
to go to their daily toil, have never
come back to them until they have been
brought back corpses after an accident
has nappened. There is little doubt
about that. There will be less after you
have heard what I have to Bay tonight.
Om Oommlttee.
The Coal Mines Regulation act has
for one of its main provisions or objects, the lessening of the dangers
whloh these men have to encounter in
the mines. One of those provisions is
that a committee shall be appointed by
the men, known as the "Gas Committee," and the duty of that committee
is to keep a constant lookout for danger signals in the mine; for gas or for
any other dangerous conditions which
may be a warning to the men tbat
something is not right. And it is the
duty of this "gas committee" to report these danger signals so that precautions can be taken to ensure the
safety of the miners. The provincial
government places that important and
responsible duty upon the shoulders of
these men. They are the guardians not
only of their own safety, but of the
safety of every man in the mine, and
they are responsible, morally and absolutely not only to their fellow workmen, but to the wives and children of
every man for the safety of the workmen in these mines. This committee is
a recognized thing by statutes of the
province.
Enter "BUI and Dan."
At Extension there is one of the coal
mines under operation by the Canadian
Collieries, Dunsmuir Limited, a company whieh we have occasion to point
out is under the control, and is now
controlled by two of the moBt notorious
men in the province of British Columbia, Messrs. Mackenzie & Mann.
Discrimination Starts.
Back in July; 1912, the "gas committee" for the Extension mine was composed of two workmen, of the names of
Ike Portray and Mottishaw. These
mb& uis-JOVerdtf'-gSs intra mine. It Ib
the signal which means death for the
miners, if proper precautions are not
taken; but the report of gas in the
mines sometimes means something else;
it means expense to the operators; it
means that mines have to be closed and
tho mine-owners paying out money, and
sometimes it may happen that the report can be disregarded and that the
warning is unnecessary. Every now and
then, if these warnings are not heeded,
something happens.
Reported Gas.
These men, in pursuance of their regular duties, reported that there was gas
in that mine. Now this did not please
the gentlemen who were running the
mine. It did not please Mr. Coulson,
the imported manager of the mine, who
had been brought in from the United
States. The result was that Mr. MotUshaw was dismissed; he was thrown out
of his job. He went from Extension to
Cumberland, to another mine controlled
by the sumo concern, and he got employment up in Cumberland. Now his
job up in Cumberland lasted just-long
enough for the information to get there
from Extension that he had reported
gas at Extension. As soon as that was
dono he was dismissed; no reason given.
Miners Organised.
There was at that time a union—the
United Mine WorkerB of America—on
Vancouver island, and they were organized there. The union took this up and
they sent representatives to the company to ask why this thing was done.
The company refused to give any answer or explanation. Bight there they
absolutely confirmed, in the men's
minds, the fact taht thiB man waB being
discriminated against because he had
had the audacity, in the performance of
his duties, to report gas in the company's mine.
Called Mass Meeting.
What did the men do then! They
called a meeting, and they all quit
work for one day in order to attend the
meeting, and they passed resolutions
protesting against this conduct of the
company.
Ordered to Quit
The next day when the men
went to work they found a notice posted requiring them to take their tools
and go away. They were not wanted at
the mines again.
A Lockout; But a Strike.
What was the meaning of thisf It
was that the so-called strike at Vancouver island was not a Btrike at all. It
was a "lock-out." The employers of
labor locked theBe men out, and they
wero not allowed to go back to work
the next day. The company did this in
defiance of the federal Industrial Disputes act. The word went down to Ex-
tension, and the men there also called
a holiday; thoy had a meeting; they
made a similar protest, and similar
treatment was moted out to them. Then
thiB great industrial fight was on. Call
it a strike or a lock out. It makes no
difference.
Called Sympathetic Strike.
Now, what happened! The strike
wont on until the following May. No
settlement had been reached. The
United Mine Workers, who had the organizations in all the mines on the island, after taking a vote of the men,
called a sympathetic strike, and all the
other miners on the island came out on
strike.
"Blots" Started.
Along about August, 1913, the men
had become so desperate, from the conditions existing and the high-handed
treatment they were receiving, that
these well-known riots started, and the
riots were followed by the importation
of special police on the part of the government of this province, followed up
by the use of the militia, and the minera, in hundreds, were seized, ball was
refused, and they were kept in jail for
many months before they were tried,
and many were convicted and sent to
prison.
Oost of the Strike.
Now this is the Btrike on Vancouver
island, a strike which has cost the publie for special police and for militia and
for legal fees and witness fees and
other expenses, over $500,000 in cold
cash. This cost is in addition to the
millions of dollars, that we cannot estimate, which was lost by interfering
with the industrial life of the province
of British Columbia, It has resulted in
the demoralisation of the unions of the
miners, sd far as Vancouver island is
I have) a charge to make against the government. I will adduce certain facts and evidence which I have in my possession to support that charge. I will then attempt to draw my
conclusions, and I leave it to you to reach a verdict of "guilty or not guilty" in regard to
the government of this province. I will read t^e charge against the government. It is on
that charge that I propose to adduce the evidence, and it is this:
"That the miners on Vancouver Island have been unfairly treated; that there has been
a failure to enforce the proper precautions for the safety of human life in these mines; that
the government of this province is responsible; that there has been, and there is, a bond of
sympathy and understanding between the coal mine operators and tho government of this
province, which is a menace to the interests of labor, and a crime against the coal miners and
their families."
Now, there is no halfway measures about that. It is no milk and water charge. It is,
if I understand it, a serious and solemn allegation to make. 1 ask you to listen to what I
have to offer in support of the allegation.-^Mr. J. W, DeB. Farris, at Labor Temple Forum
meeting last Sunday night.
concerned.   I ask you to consider with
me the responsibility of the provincial
government in connection therewith.
Not a Question of Wages.
Back in 1908 complaints were made
to the government regarding the safety
of the mines. Bear well in mind that
all through this trouble the question of
increased wages is not involved. It was
never discussed. The whole basis of the
struggle haB been in regard to the
safety of the men in the mines,
and in regard to the non-enforcement of the law provided for the safety
of the men, and the whole contention,
all through, has been thai the mine-
owners and operators have acted in
gross and open violation of the law, and
that this has been permitted, from start
to finish, by the government officials
appointed and controlled by the government of British Columbia,
Laws Openly Violated,
Back in 1908 complaints were made
about theBe operators and their failure
to adhere to the regulations for the
safety of the miners. So insistent were
these complaintB'that they came up before the legislature. At that time there
was an opposition in Victoria, and the
members of the opposition enlarged on
this condition very much, and insisted
that a committee be appointed to investigate and find out if it was true
that the coal mine operators of the is-
hind were violating the "Mines Regulation act, and that the lives of the miners were in danger. Every supporter
of the government in the legislature in
1908 voted that resolution down.
The Extension Tragedy.
In 1909 a tragedy happened in the
mine at Extension; a tragedy that warnings were given of, and after that tra-.
gedy it came out that the violations of
the law were persisted in right up to
tho time of the tragedy. A man told
me, who claims to know a good deal
about it, that the rats were deserting
this mine, because of the warnings that
were, given there. The men could not
desert. Their lives were in peril, but
they had to go back to their daily toil,
because that was tho only way they
could provide bread for their wives and
families. The rats could go, but not
the men.
Thirty-two Lives Lost.
In spite of the fact that this company was openly violating the provisions of the Coal Mines Regulation aet,
the men were forced to go back to their
daily toil. On a day that ia known as
"Black Friday," in October, 1909, an
explosion occurred and thirty-two of
those men lost their lives. After the
explosion litigation ensued and all theBe
facts came out. And while it was difficult to establish the cause of the accident it was not difficult to prove that
there had been serious violations of the
law, and that the government inspectors
had shut their eyes to these violations.
Gross intimidation.
In 1911 James Black, a fire boss in
that very mine at Extension, made a
report of gas, and a man by the name
of McKinnal, a mine inspector and a
good friend of the government, came
out and1 said: "Tou have to cut this
out—reporting gas; it does not look good
to the company or on the government
books." Black persisted, and McKinnal discharged him. There wbb an outcry, an investigation occurred, and McKinnal lost his license. In 1912, however, an election waB on, McKinnal
could control several votes, and his license was given back to him.
Explo3ion In Nicola Mines.
In March, 1912, just a few days before the election, an explosion occurred
iu tho Diamond Vale, in the Nicola,
and seven men lost their lives. An inquest was held, and the inquest resulted
in a verdict censuring the government
mine inspectors and placing the responsibility for the loss of theBe seven lives
upon the government mine inspectors of
the provinco of British Columbia. Then
Sir Richard McBride came out and said:
"I am going to have an investigation
of this." Then ho went to the old
country on one of his famous trips. The
whole thing, even the coroner's verdict,
was suppressed until after the election
and Sir Richard McBride took another
trip to the old country. He never had
an investigation of that terrible thing
until the following October, and when
-be did have an investigation he got a
real estate agent from the city of Ladysmith, a man by the name of John Stewart, a well-known Tory in that
city, to hold the investigation, and he
exonerated everybody.
Government Fails; Men Strike.
In the meantime the island strike
had started, and it was no wonder in
view of the inactivity of the government; in the face of the tragedies that
had been happening, and the loss of so
many lives; there was was no wonder
taht these men were prepared to fight
for their rights; that they were prepared to go out on strike for their
rights; in order that safety of lifo
might be secured for them and a reasonable degree of justice meted out to
them. This strike took place in September, 1912.
Appealed to Sir Richard.
Thc miners reasoned, here is Sir Bichard McBride, he is the minister of
mines, ho is supported by Mr. Bowser,
the great and mighty attorney-general
of this province, and Sir Bichard has
said if we had aay grievances we must
-^flJEHS-ifl*
MB. J. W. DeB. FA8BIS
Who Addressed the People's Forum in Labor Temple Sunday
Night.
Mr. J. W. DeB. Farris was the
speaker at the last meeting of the
People's Forum in Labor Temple.
The Bubject of his address
was "The Policy of the Provincial Department of Mines in
Relation to the Mining Industry
on Vancouver Island.''
Mr. Farris is well-known in labor circles aa the counsel of Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
and the Labor Temple oompany.
He will also be remembered as
leading counsel in the defence of
the coal miners of Vancouver Island, who wero thrown into jail
at the time of tho miners' strike
over there.
His experience in connection
with those and more recent eases
Bhould make his address, published in full in this issue, on this
particular subject of exceptional
interest to Federationist readers.
go to his government and they would
redress them.
Could Not Interfere.
They sent delegations to the government at Victoria in September, 1912.
Sir Richard received them with that
graciousness of which he is so capable,
and asked them to put their complaints
in writing. They made their charges in
writing, in writing both definite and
explicit. Sir Richard replied: "I cannot interfere in a struggle between capital and labor; there is nothing I can
do; tbe strike must go on."
That was the condition of affairs,
that vas the attitude the governmont
took up at the time this strike started.
An Inquiry Sought.
Let us trace the attitude of the government from that time onwards. Another deputation went to tho government, not merely to Sir Richard, but to
the govornment of this province. They
suid: "We have rights; we aro right
in this matter; we aak for an inquiry."
One would have thought that they
would have gained the car of tho government, because as soon as you ask for
an "inquiry" it means a job for some
party heeler; but thiB is ono instance
where the government were able to resist the temptation of giving a supporter a fat job, by turning down tho
demand or request of theso miners for
un inquiry into the facts.
Miners' Bequest Refused.
These men asked for tho holding of
an investigation by a committee, undor
the Coal Minos Regulation act, und promised to go back to work if such an investigation were granted. Sir Richard
nnd his government refused this reasonable request; they could not interfere
between the rights of capital and labor.
B. C. F. of L. Demanded Inquiry.
In January, 1913, the British Columbia Federation of Labor met, and they
passed a strong resolution, calling upon
tho provincial government to inquire
into and take steps in this matter. Nothing was done.
Tried the "Labor" Commission.
In February of that year the
labor commission, which had been
appointed by the provincial government to investigate labor matters
throughout the province, hold sessions
in regard to this Btrike, Now I submit
to you, ladies and gentlemen, in all fairness, that there never was a question in
regard to labor matters in this province
that was more fitting for investigation
and action than tbe question of the
strike then raging on Vancouver Island.
They went and held meetinga, heard
the evidence, and members of this commission told .Mr, Farrington, one of the
officials of the organization, that the
caae of the striking miners was so
strong that they felt they must take
some action; but after they made this
admission they apparently received instructions from those higher up, and nothing was doae.   As a result Mr. Far-
SHOWS MALADMINISTRATION
CAUSED MINERS'TRAGEDY
lurj
i
rington wrote the chairman, reminding
him of his promise, and asking that
some aetion be taken. Mr. Parson, the
chairman, was a member of the legislature. There was no answer. On the
7th of March Mr. Farrington wrote another letter; on the 20th of March another. It took three letters, over a
period of one month/before any answer
came. Then this answer was written to
Mr. Farrington from Mr. Parsons:
Golden, B. C, Srd April, 1913.
F. Farrington, Esq., International Board
Member, District 12, United Mine
Workers of America, Nanaimo, B.C.
Dear Mr. Farrington: Tour letter of
the 20th instant has just reached me,
and it ia with considerable regret that
I have to state that I know nothing
which the Royal Labor commission can
do in regard to the matter referred to.
Yours truly,
H. G. PARSONS.
"SUence Was Golden."
A queer thing about that letter, which
is dated in April, is that it is written
from i Golden. I suppose he thought
that "silence was golden," and it is
significant too, in view of the fact that
Golden was just about as far away from
the troubles on the Island as the labor
commission could get in the provinco of
British Columbia.
Miners' Families at Victoria.      (
But the government were not permit-,
ted to lose sight of this trouble. A(
trainload of the families and children
of these minera went down from Cumberland and Extension to the City of
Victoria and stayed there. They even
went and camped on the parliament
building steps, in order that the government might have it brought home to
them, with the greatest possible force,.
as to the poverty and the suffering!
which was being incurred by these men
and their families who were fighting for
their rights and the preservation am'
safety of their lives.
Nothing to Arbitrate.
Mr. Coulson, the local head of the
organization of Mackonzio and Mann,
absolutely refused to hold any conferences with the men. Sir Riehard would
say: "I would like him to talk to you,"
but Mr. Coulson refused to have anything to do with them, and one wonders, when we see the high-handed aetion which this man took, who was really the master in the province of British
Columbia, Mr. Coulson or the government
Mr. Coulson Declines Mediation.
I have here a copy of an interview
from tho Province newspaper, with Mr.
Coulson. Remember that the B. C. Federation of Labor had made all the efforts tbey could to have them meet the
men and thresh this thing out, but nothing could be done because the company would have no conference. Sir
Richard McBride had been pressed to
uae his influence, without any rosult,
and it had been rumored that Mr. Crothers, minister of the Dominion department of labor, wbb to come here, and on
July 2nd Mr. Coulson was interviewed
by the Vancouver Province. Thia is
what he said:
Vancouver Province, July 2nd: "If
Mr. T. W. Crothers, miniOster of labor,
is coming from Ottawa to offer his services as mediator with the object of
settling the coal mines trouble on Vancouver island, we shall decline hia good
offices as wo did a similar offer of the
Vancouver oBard of Trade. There Is
nothing to arbitrate, as the coal miners
in our employ walked out of their own
accord.''
Backed By tbe Government.
Now, that was the attitude of this
man, representing the coal mine owners
on Vnncouver island, and that is tho attitude that the government of this provinco Btood for from Btart to finish.
Did Worse Than Nothing.
Wns there nothing that the government of the province could do? It seems
very queer that there was nothing. Was
thero no pressure that thoy could bring
to bear to compel this man to arbitrate? It seemB very strange, docs it
not, ladies and gentlemen, but it happens that there were a good many
things that this government could have
dono in order to bring these coal mine
owners to a more reasonable frame of
mind, but tbey did not do them.
Strike-breakers; Asiatics.
In ordor that the coal mine owners
could carry on their operations in defiance of tho strike it was necessary to
import strike-breakers, in violation of
the labor laws and the federal immigration laws. I know that, becauBe on one
occasion the Tradea and Labor council
.of this city saw fit to enter a prosecution against a labor agency which was
bringing these men into tho province in
violation of tho law. I acted as counsel
and we brought the case into tho police
court at Vancouver and got a conviction by proving that these men were
brought hero for the coal mines in violation of the law. But the government
did nothing. Did the attorney-general
of this province, Mr. Bowser, lift his
band to assist us? No, he never did a
single thing, In this very interview
which Mr. Coulson gives to the Province he said: "We have 1S00 men working at Cumberland in our mines." He
did not need to enro about the union.
What were the fnet's? The facts are
that 800 to 900 of these men were
Asiatics and it has been stated that 90
fier cent, of these Asiatics were work-
ng underground in defiance of the Coal
Mines Regulation act, and these Asia
tics are working in that mine at Cumberland today.
Labor Congress Takes a Hand.
The Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada met in this hall last September,
and sworn statements were produced to
that congress "That there were 800
Asiatics working ia the mine at Cumberland at that time."
Med Legal Talent.
I know, during the strike, that the
officials of the miners eonsulted me and
the othor lawyers engaged to see if we
could not get to the bottom of this
thing; to see if we could not stop thiB
well-known violation of the law at Cumberland. Well known and responsible
citizens told me that it made them
ashamed to be a white man to see the
class of mine labor engaged at Cumber-
lnnd. The miners wanted to prosecute
for the violation of the law. The government requirements are that the meu.
employed underground must be able to
read the notices posted in the mines for
the prevention of accidents and the
safety of the miners. That did not
make any difference. Of course in many
cases the Chinamen and Japanese eould
not do it, but that did not make any'
difference.
Bir. Foster Wrote Premier.
Mr. Bobert Foster wrote to Sir Richard McBride, and what was Sir Rich-
nrd's answer? "If you will lay definite
charges we will prosecute.'' That was
nonsense to say the least of it. Mr.
Foster could not get within a mile of
the mines. They kept the thing within
their own hands. Do you mean to tell
me that if this government had been
anxious to exercise that fairness of balance between capital and labor which it
is their duty to do, they could not have
gone into the mines at Cumberland, and
insisted that these mine operators carry
on their operations in accordance with
the law? If they had done that Mr.
Coulson would not have talked in the
way he did. Mr. Coulson apparently
said: "Leave this to US; we will break
up this union organization on the island; you just keep away, leave it to
us."
Now, as late as July, 1914, a year
afterwards, Mr. Foster write to Sir
Richard McBride. He pointed out the
conditions which everyone knew existed
in the mines at Cumberland; that those
[Asiatics were employed, while white
men were out of work, and that the
union waa being destroyed, and that
organized labor was being wiped out
becauso of the fact that the coat operators were able to employ Asiatics and
were importing scab labor in violation
of the laws and employing Asiatics in
violation of the law and the Coal Mines
Regulations act of this province. This
not only in violation of the word of the
law, but directly contrary to the spirit
of the law, because the safety of the
men working in the mines depended
upon the ability of the mon to read the
posted notices, and the warnings, etc.,
of the government and other inspectors.
It is very significant, in view of the
calamities which have happened, and
the loss of lives which has taken place
in these mines, to read the closing lines
of the letter from Mr. Foster to Sir
Richard MoBride:
"Now, moro than ever, is tbe time
to show whether or not you are in earnest. Up to now it has been words,
words, words! For God's sake forget
politics for once. This is a matter involving the lives of in on."
Unanswered Letters.
Mr. Foster told me that he could
never get an answer to his letters from
the premier of this province, unless he
registered the letter so that he knew he
got it, and sometimes ho wrote a registered letter and apologized because ho
had not registered the previous letter,
Summary of Men's Appeals.
Now, I am afraid tbat I am going to
take longer than I should, but I ara
going to put certain facta before you,
so that you may pass your verdict accordingly.
The attitude of the government
changed. Up to now thoy had been
holding up their bands and saying:
"But wo cannot Interfere between capital nnd labor." Then something happened. The men became desporate.
They had done everything in order to
got these matters threshed out, und decided upon its merits. Thoy hud appealed to the government and. to the
B. C. Federation of Labor. They had
appealed to tho Vnncouver Board of
Trade. They had gone to private individuals of influence and appealed to
thom; they had even appealed to the
minister of labor at Ottawa; nil simply
in order that thero might bo an investigation, and that they might have an
opportunity of proving to tho publie
that tbe position thoy took was the
right onc, and tho honest one. The mine
operators nil stood pat. They said:
"We will not see anybody."
Sympathetic Strike "Blots."
Matters became desperate. Tho
men called a sympathetic strike of all
the men in the other island mines;
things became worse, and worse; they
went on month nftor month. There
woro nli theso mon and their families
living in starvation, while Cliinnmen
and Japs porformed thoir duties. Tliey
stood it aa long as thoy could. They
saw this senb labor parudod before
them in open defiance up nnd down tho
streets, simply to excito the men to
desperation. In August, 1913, human
endurance could stand it no longer, and
they got mad. Theso men woro no hoboes or criminals. Thoy hnd lived on
tho inland for yours, nnd enrned thoir
living by tho sweat of their brow. They
wero earning tbeir living and supporting their families and bringing thom up
ns respectable citizens of this community. They stood it to a certain point,
and then thoy let loose—and we had
tho "riots" on Vancouver Island. We
hnd these good citizens, as good as any
in this audience or in the legislative
halls at Victoria, turning out nnd carrying on in a way that was surprising.
They certainly destroyed private property and raised ructions on tho island
for a few days.
Contributing Causes.
Now we had a pnsaive government,
which did nothing and permitted their
officials to do nothing while the laws
of tbe province were being violated and
the safety and tbe lives of these men
were in peril.   We have seen the evi
dence of the man Coulson aad his associates. We had seen the attitude ot
the government of the province of British Columbia.
Shoe, on Other Foot
The scene now changes. Where onee
it was the coal miners who suffered, it
is the coal mine operators that suffer
now. We find that the government la
no longer spineless, Mr. Bowser eomes
forward and he shows the mailed fist,
and shows that HE is the attorney-general of the province.
Mr. Bowser sent a squad of epeeial
police up on the train and a lot of the
miners met the train and stopped it,
and sent it back.   Mr. Bowser could
stand all the loss of the thirty-two lives
at Extension.  He could stand the condition where these men were driven
into poverty and their wives snd families into starvation; but be could not
stand the indignity of bis special police
being sent back.   He gives this interview in the Province, August 15, 1913:
"Victoria, Aug. 15, 1913: When
day broke this morning there were
nearly 1000 men in the strike sone
wearing the uniform of his majesty,
and prepared' to quell the disturbances   that   threaten   Ladysmith,
Nanaimo, Cumberland and South
Wellington.   This is my answer to.
the proposition of the strikers that
they will preserve the peace if they
are left unmolested by the special
police."
Mr. Bowser to the Strikers.
The answer these men sent was: "We
will keep order here now; we do not
want the special police."
Mr. Bowser says: My answer is, 1000
militiamen pointing their guns at these
men to see that they keep the peacel
And he continues in effect: I understand theBe men do not want the police,
but I will show them they must have
them; the provincial government is the
one most interested and now that we
are in the field, we are here to stay and
thoy will take back the very identical
police they sent away. He was going
to chastise them, like a lot of bad boys;
and he then goes on to say: "I hope
there will be no bloodshed; but if there
is, we are ready for them."
A Sudden Awakening.
We have an awakened Mr. Bowser
now, ready to fight, and to call out the
forces, and he calls them out and saye
what he can do. Why, he is right up
in arms!
Jails Now Big Enough.
Mr. Bowser had been very much embarrassed before this, because the jails
were not big enough. There had been
prosecutions instituted in this city
against disreputable women, who were
plying their unlawful calling In this
city. Now theae women were brought
into the local police court and charged
with prostitution, and they wore convicted and sentenced by the police magistrate of this city to terms of imprisonment in the jail. They were taken
to the provincial jail, 'i'heir friends
wore waiting outside with automobiles,
and the jail-keepers took the papers of
commitment, signed by the lawful magistrate and threw tbem Into the gutter,
and theso women were back in the city
before the policemen. The explanation
was tbat Mr. Bowser bad given instructions that there was not room in the
jail for theae prisoners. But when the
private property of the coal mine owners on the island was interfered with, a
miracle was performed. The very identical jails which could not hold these
convicted prostitutes were able to hold
hundreds of unconvicted miners in the
province of British Columbia. And they
stayed there months, without bail, before they could secure trial. Bail was
refused. The trials came on, and some
of these men were convicted, and sent
to prison.
To Break Spirit of the Miners.
About this time Mr. Bowser gave a
very significant interview. I have not
the interview with me. I can get a
copy of it again if necessary. It was
in the Provinco, Mr. Bowser bonsted
of how well his prosecutions against the
miners were succeeding, and ended up
with tbe statement "that there was
evory indication that the spirit of the
minors was being broken." What was
the spirit of tbe miners? The spirit of
a body of mon, citizens of this province
who were fighting for their livos. No
question about thnt. This is not an extravagant stntoment. Tho men wero
fighting for their lives, becnuse their
lives depended upon tho propor enforcement of tbe governmental regulations
in the coal mines. These regulations
woro not being enforced, and yet Mr.
Bowser boasts that the spirit of tho
miners was being broken. It wns
broken to the extent thnt tho strike
was quelled and that these mon were
left without an organization, and are
without an organization an Vancouver
islnnd to this day. So much for the
strike;
Capital's Triumph.
Do not forget tho chnrge which we
aro laying against tho government.
Tilings had happened since the strike.
I say this strike dragged on for a couple
nf years. Tho men bad these riots;
they wero put into jail; their spirit was
broken, and after a while the strike was
over, and Mackenzie and Mann and Mr.
Stockett, and tbe othor operators were
in chnrge of tho field.
The spirit of the men was broken,
broken in a way that you could not
realize, ladies and gentlemen, unless you
had it brought home to you in the way
it has been brought home to me,
Toil of Human Life.
There have boen some things whieh
throw a lot of light on the situation
over there. In 1909, tho thirty-two
mon previously mentioned, lost their
livos in the Extension mine.
Then we bave something else happening. There is a little town of South
Wellington, about seven miles below
Nanaimo. It has had other troubles.
Only a few years ago a fire swept away
the town and the cottages of tne miners of this little community, where the
men earn their daily bread in the occupation of coal mining. The families of
the men lived in these houses. On tbe
9th of February last, nineteen of these
men went down Into tke workings of
that mine, nnd they never came out
(Continued on page 4)     I PAGE POUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY JANCABY 21, 1918
ACTUAL CAUSE OF
VANCOUVER ISLAND
MINERS' STRIKE
(Continued from page 3)
I:
l
again until some time in May, and then
they were brought out putrid corpses,
after the water had been pumped out
of the mine.
Sue to Criminal Carelessness.
That calamity was due to criminal
carelessness. I went over thero in May.
Tbey had an inquest. They found the
bodies and the inquest was held in Nanaimo. I waB engaged as counsel for
the widows of some of these men. I
went to tbat inquest to perform my
duties in that capacity. Mr. Leighton
of Nanaimo, who was associated with
me, 'and Mr. Bird in the Btrike cases,
was there also, representing one or two
of the unfortunate victims.
Tbe Chief Mining Inspector.
This inquest was conducted by the
coroner in Nanaimo.   Mr. Thomas Gra-
I" ham was there. I have not previously
made 'any detailed reference to him. He
-is the chief mining inspector of this
province, the man appointed by the provincial government to tnke chargo of
the mines department and see that the
law is carried out, and by this very act,
in ease of an inquest, it is his duty to
be there as the representative of the
government, to ensure that tho investi-
Stion is properly carried on and all the
sts are brought out. An inquest is to
get to the bottom of accidents, and to
see if, as the result of the victim's
death, any one should be prosecuted for
criminal negligence. We, the lawyers
■for the families, went to find out. We
unew very little about mining. I had
the pleasure of meeting Mr. Graham
P^'-ve the inquest started, and I shook
is with him. In the court room
e was a little blackboard, and on it
a map. Now let me tell you about
accident.
Drowned Like Bats.
The Pacific Coast Coal company' was
>perating in the mine there.   Adjoining
chis mine there was another mine called
the Southfield, which had not been operated  for  twenty-five  years.    It  was
looded and filled with water, and what
tappened is that the people operating
this new mine worked until they cut
into the Southfield mine, and the black
snd stagnant water ran in from the old
mine, and these unfortunate men were
drowned like rats in a trap.   That was
to be investigated, and this was the
coroner's inquest. Here wns a map posted up there; it showed the Pacific Coal
company's mine, with the tunnel running down to the centre of it.   Here is
the Pacific Coal company's mine. Here
* is the old Southfield mine with the stag-
\ nant water in it.   Here is the line showing the  old workings  of  the flooded
I mine, and here is the new one.   This
J was put there in the court room; Mr.
I Graham was there, and his duty was to
I take charge of this inquest.    A line
f was drawn showing where the accident
. happened.   It showed 415 feet of solid
t coal between the two mines; the fact is,
j that there was only two feet instead of
\ the 415 feet when the accident happened.
The Bogus Map.
This map was marked in  plain  let-
; ters, "100 feet to the inch scale." Now
Mr. Graham waB there in charge.   Mr.
Graham called the mining engineer from
the Pacific Coal Mines Co., who made
this map, and upon whom the safety of
these men rested. Here waB Mr. Graham
conducting this inquiry.    He put this
man into the box to testify regarding
the plan.  He says: " This is a hundred
feet to the inch."   He had this plan,
and found it there when he came; some
years ago it was got from the Western
Fuel company, when Mr. Graham was
an employee of the Western Fuel company, and he was the man who handed
that plan out.   Bo not forgot also, that
Mr. Graham is still chief of that department for   the   provincial government.
Triad to Befuddle Issue.
Now, then, what happened? Mr.
Graham examined this e*c«ineer, who
said: "I cannot understand it at all.
Here is our plan, there is no doubt
about it, we are 415 feet apart; the
thing is a physical impossibility; how
did the accident happen? I cannot make
it out." We examined various witnesses, and we were all at sea.
Season for Concealment.
Then Mr. Leighton and myself put
our heads together; there is something
wrong, we said; 415 feet cannot be
converted into two feet; miracles do not
happen nowadays; this inspector does
not mean to get to the bottom of it; we
will have to do it ourselves. We found
that the original of the old plan of the
Southfield workings was filed in Victoria.
Had the Ooods on Graham.
I asked for an adjournment of
the ease. Mr. Graham said: "Oh, well,
if you want the old plan, I have it with
me; I brought it from Victoria." That
plan was an exact duplicate of the
'right hand of this picture. And we
found that the scale of that plan was
182 feet to the inch, and the scale of
this side was 100 feet to the inch. Suppose you had two maps, one of Canada,
and one of the States, side by Bide; one
10 inches and the other 12 inches long;
you have the city of Vancouver right
opposite the city of Spokane. That is
exactly what happened. They had figured both these plans at 100 feet to the
inch, while the old plan was 132 feet to
the inch.
"Counsel for Coal Oompany."
I had been very much dissatisfied
with Mr. Graham's conduct. He had always taken -the attitude of protecting
the company; so much so, that I would
•ay to Mr. Leighton, aftor Graham got
| through talking, "The counsel for the
eoal company has concluded." We had
some of the miners called. They had
their, jobs depending upon the goodwill
of the company.
Ample Warning,
We had previously received information from the wives of these victims to
tke effect that the husbands of tho
widows would vomit sometimes when
returning from work as the result of
the putrid smell from the old stagnant
waters of this abandoned mine. Finally we got some of these witnesses also
to admit it, and one man said he actually vomitted in the mine. Then the
mines inspector of this province got up
and said: "Bo you not think you had a
bilious attack?"
Inspector's Conduct Public Scandal.
After the facts about this plan came
out I was astounded and indignant, and
I told the coroner: "I consider the conduct of the mines inspector a public
scandal In the province of British Columbia," and I repeat that statement.
A Reluctant Witness.
I asked that Mr. Graham go into the
witness boa; and he refused. I asked
that the stenographer specially take
down that I had asked him to go into
tke witness box, that I had made this
charge, and that he had refused to do
Admitted the Crimes.
He then went into the witness box,
and admitted that he know, and had
known for two months, that these maps
were on a different scale, and that he
knew that the maps produced at the
coroner 'a inquest were false statements,
and that he intended it to go through
the coroner's inquest, so far as he was
concerned, as if the two maps were on
the snmo'scale. The chief mine inspector of this province had deliberately
come to this inquest, and with malice
aforethought let the witnesses give evidence, all the time himself knowing
that these maps were on two different
scales.
Government Equally Guilty.
Not only did he know, ladies and gentlemen, but the government knew it.
We found out afterwards that he had
written to the governmont two months
before, setting out the facts in regard
to theae two scales. He was the sole
representative of the government at
tho inquest, and yet he deliberately deceived everybody "there, and intended to
deceive them. It we had not stumbled
upon the facts, no one would have
known about tho maps, and the two
scales. And what was his explanation?
The excuse he gave us was that, seeing
they intended to havo a government investigation afterwards, what was the
use of bringing out the facts until
then?
What waa the use of a government investigation afterwards, if the facts
were brought out' at this inquest? He-
member that the Diamond Vale accident
happened in February, and that the
government investigation was never
held until October, months afterwards,
and conductod by a real estate man,
who white-washed everybody. This is
about what we thought would have happened in this case, had we not dragged
the truth out right then and there.
Made Public Protest.
I came back to Vancouver, and publicly complained about these things. I
got access to somo cf the papers, with
the result that we had a real investigation, and for once in his life, Mr. Bowser had his hands forced. Mr. Justice
Murphy waa appointed to hold thc second investigation.
Government Wholly Responsible.
The charge that I started out with
tonight was not made against Mr. Graham. I care nothing about Mr. Graham.
We never vote for him. The charge I
made was against the provincial government. You may say' that I have
brought my case home to Mr. Graham,
but not to the provincial government.
The Hand of "Bill and Dan."
I have already mentioned the fact
that the Canadian Collieries, which was
the primo factor in regard to this
strike, was owned and controlled by
Mackenzie and Mann, and surely I need
not tell a labor audience, iu detail, the
facts of the influence which Mackenzie
and Mann have exerted upon the government of,thia province. If you have
not found it out by thia time, I cannot
hope to drill it into you now.
The Pacific Coast Coal company was
the company owning the mines where
the disaster occurred, where the water
camo in and these men lost their lives,
und the matter was investigated at this
inquest.
Illegal Practices.
There are several things about thiB
company which are of great interest.
Recently there waB a law suit in Victoria in regard to the bonds of thia
Pacific Coal company, and what happened there? It camo out about this company, in the flotation of the bonds by a
Mr. Arbuthnot, that ho had taken a
largo amount of money in payment, and
also stock and bonds, for the purchase
price of the property.
White-washed to Order.
It also came out that the whole proceedings had been so absolutely illegal
that these promoters had gone to the
legislature to get a white-washing, and
they asked the legislature to pass legislation to white-wash the whole thing,
and of course this waB done.
Minister's Finger In the Pie.
Further, it came out at the trial that
Dr. Young, one of the cabinet ministers
in the provincial government, about this
time, was presented with a block of
preferred stock in this same eompany,
to the amount of $105,000 worth. Now,
sometimes atock does not mean very
much, but,this stock means a good deal,
because Dr. Young drew down the nice
little sum of $6000 yearly from it-
more than his annual salary as a member of the provincial government. One
of the facts you want to consider iB this,
why did he get it?
Was Young Only Involved?
One of the directors from New York,
supposedly used to Tammany methods,
said, during the trial, right out, that the
stock wsb given for political purposes.
Dr. Young is not the whole government,
and I wonder why he got it? It is
something hard to believe, that if it
went for political purposes he waB allowed to keep it all. He may have
been the goat and the others may have
got away, but it would be hard to believe that Dr. Young alone got the full
benefit of thia $6000 per year which he
was given.
Charity Did Not Begin at Home.
Mr. Arbuthnot had another explanation. He said Dr. Young was an old
friend of his. Mr. Arbuthnot has a brother living on the island. He is working for the Pacific Coast Coal company
as a blacksmith's helper for $2.50 per
day. It is a wonder, if this Mr. Arbuthnot iB so kind to his friends, that he
would not holp his brother and family
out, ns they are by no moans in pros-
porous circumstances. Gentlemen, you
can believe that kind of a story if you
like, but these are the facts.
"Private and Confidential."
I have a copy of the draft prospectus
of this company. It is marked'' Private
and Confidential." I am afraid it will
not be "private" after this meeting.
It is about three pages, nicely printed.
It shows about tho bond issues and the
preferred stock and all those sort of
things.
Other Legislators Involved.
Here is the point: That this "private
and confidential" prospectus contains
also a list of the directors printed in it,
and I find that one of the men consenting to be a director was the Hou. Price
Ellison, one-time minister of finance for
the province of British Columbia, tho
man who haB the reputation of being
able to buy cows "very cheap," and
who was minister of finance until he
was caught with the goods on him. He
was a piker, because he only got away
with some cows instead of a railroad or
a portion of the provinco; so they let
him go apparently. He was a director
just about the time all those nice little
things were being pulled off.
I find also that there is another who
had consented to be a director, a man
who is a member of the legislature for
the city of Vancouver, Mr. A; H, B.
MacGowan, a man who is a candidate
and a supporter of this government for
the forthcoming election, and who Is
also described in this prospectus as president of the Vancouver Island Collieries. i'1
The "Higher-Ups."
Now, I think we" are getting
a little warm on the trail. Lot us get
a little closer home. There is a gentleman who cannot be overlooked in matters of this kind. I refer to the present
premier of the province, who has been
attorney-general for many years, and
given ftedit for dominating the government. Mr. Bowsor was attorney-general
and a great many times he was acting-
premier.
I want to take up Mr. Bowser'b attitude as premier and minister of mines,
as attorney-general and as minister of
finance, because he has occupied all
these positions during the last year.
After Mr. Price Ellison waB caught
with the cows, Mr. Bowser acted aB
finance minister. After Sir Richard got
the sulks and wont to the old country,
Mr. Bowser was acting-premier and
minister of mines. He was minister of
mines at other times, and during the
Btrike conditions.
Asked for Graham's Dismissal.
Now when thiB man Graham, inspector of mines, attempted to deceive the
coroner's jury at Nanaimo—and I do
not know of any more serious thing
that a man might do in a public capacity—I came back to Vancouver and the
matter was discussed in the papers. The
labor organizations of this city took
the matter up. and they put it up to
Mr. Bowser, und demanded that Graham
be dismissed at once.   Mr. Bowser said:
I cannot do that; I shall have to have
more evidence than that of the inquest;
I must have another inquiry.""
Inquiry Finally Granted.
Of course we had been making strenuous demands for an inquiry, and Mr.
Bowser hud no choice. It waB only
by a mere fluke that everything had
come out. Mr. Bowser therefore, with
aB much grace as he could command under the circumstances, granted or ordered an inquiry, and Mr. Justice Murphy
was appointed to conduct that inquiry,
and Mr. H. A. McLean was the assisting lawyer. Now understand clearly
that tho thing which ought' to be investigated was not the Pacific Coast Coal
company, because we had investigated
that and had foun4 out exactly what
the trouble waB, namely, that they had
done this fool thing in using the two
maps. The thing that should have been
investigated was the mining inspector
of this province. I thought thai it was
my duty, in the interests of the public,
to Bee tho thing through. I had my
suspicions as to how the thing would
bo conducted. So I waa preaent at the
inquiry.
Inspector Not investigated.
Now, I am making no criticism of
Mr. McLean. He acted up to his instructions and that was all he had to
do, but Mr. McLean never investigated
Mr. Graham. I make this statement,
and I have not the least doubt in tho
world that Mr. McLean never had instructions from Mr. Bowser to investigate Mr. .Graham. Instead of Mr. Graham being under investigation, he 'aat
at the right hand of Mr. McLean and
instructed him as to what he should do
at every stage of the inquiry.
Mr. Justice Murphy Not Satisfied.
Wo got after Mr. Graham in the witness box. I put it up to him as to his
conduct during the inquiry, and his failure of duty to protect the men. His
answers were so unsatisfactory that finally Mr. Justice Murphy was so impressed with the monstrosity of the thing,
that he broke right out in court and
said: "I want to say this, in justice to
Mr. Graham, I am not at all satisfied
with the explanations put forward by
him as to the suppression of the evidence at this inquest, and if he has any
further explanations, to give, I think he
should do so. If you have any other explanation, Mr. Graham, make it now, in
justico to yourself.. You know what a
coroner's inqueat,is, and that the-object
of it is to find out, not that people
were drowned, but why they were
drowned, ond you had -a vital piece of
evidence there and did not adduce it.
Why not?"
"Paltry" Explanations.
Now, could there be a more damning
statement than that. Could there be
anything which confirms the complaints
of theae men that they were not getting
a fair deal from the government officials of thiB province more than that
statement, spoken by Justice Murphy,
that he waB not satisfied with these
paltry explanations? Mr. Graham was
unable to give any other explanation
than the one given, namely, that the
government were going to have an investigation a little later on, and that
therefore he did not consider it necessary to have the facts brought out at
the coroner's inquest.
It came out at this same investigation, that the government had known
two months before the inquest of these
very facts which Mr. Graham deliberately attempted to suppress at that inquest.
Mr. Justice Murphy's Beport.
Mr, Justice Murphy made a report, a
very scathing report, against Mr. Graham regarding hia conduct as inspector
of mines in connection with this South
Wellington disaster. This report was in
effect a charge of tho most serious kind,
for the responsibility for the loss of
these lives, caused by his neglect of
duty.
Prosecuted But Not Discharged.
Mr. Bowser had Mr. Graham charged
with manslaughter, but strange to flay
he did not hnve him fired from his job.
He was still chief minos inspector for
the province of British Columbia. That
waa a strange thing. Mr. Bowser said:
"I have appointed another investigation to get to the facts, and then I
have charged this man, Mines Inspector
Graham, with ' manslaughter,' as the direct result of that investigation." Mr.
Graham came in due course before the
grand jury in Nanaimo. I knew one of
the members of the grand jury, and he
said that the grand jury did not find a
true bill because thore was no evidence.
The jury sat in secret and threw out
the charge against Mines Inspector Graham.
Criminally Negligent; Still Inspector.
Whether the evidence was brought
before tho grand jury or not, we do not
know. Whether or not there was evidence of the charge of manslaughter,
we know he was guilty of another
charge, We do know that Mines Inspector Graham had deliberately attempted to hold back evidence at that
inquest, implicating the Pacific Coast
Coal company for the loss of theae lives.
Ho had admitted, at the inquest, and
again at the seoond inquiry, that theBe
were the facta, yet and notwithstanding all this, he is still inspector of
mines for the province. I hope and I
trust that ns we have forced this man
to tell the truth at the time of the inquest, as we have forced the holding of
the subsequent investigation, that we
may yet make'Mr. Bowser bow before
the demand for some semblance of decency in the management of a great
provincial department, and force the attorney-general, now premier of the province, to see to it that thiB man Graham
no longer occupies the position of chief
mine inspector for this province.
Must Try Other Means.
You know there are several ways to
get at a government and to bring criticism home to them. If you force them
to do something and they take the position that it is the right thing to do, it
is an admission from the government
that the course adopted in doing that
something is the proper course to pursue, and should be followed in similar
cases where the same principles are
involved.
Self Condemnatory.
In any cases where the government
has granted an investigation, after being forced to it, thus admitting that an
investigation was the right thing, they
are condemning themselves; for the
many cases where they failed to hold
an investigation, and where these unfortunate people, whose interests are
supposedly being protected by such investigations, have to rely, not upon
lawyers chosen by themselves, but upon
the government officials, mine officials
or the nominees of the employers, because on many occasions they are afraid
to get lawyers for themselves, and havo
to rely upon the government to carry
on tho investigation. The spirit of
these men on the island had been broken, and they are often quite unable to
take any steps for their own protection.
Twenty-two Lives at Nanaimo.
In May wo had the inquest at Nanaimo, and the charge waB made in the
newspapers, regarding the conduct of
tho chief mining inspector of this province, that it was a publie scandal. In
that very month- an explosion happened
in the Reserve mine at Nanaimo, owned
and controlled by the Western Fuel
company, managed by Mr. Stockett, a
man who is reported to have boen influential in securing for Mr. Graham his
government position, he having previously worked in the same mine for Mr.
Stockett.
Died Heroically.
Twenty-two lives were lost in that explosion in the mine at Nanaimo; a regular casualty list, and I want to Bay this,
that some of thoso men who died in
these different explosions, died aa great
heroes as any man ever died in a
"charge" or in the "trench" on any
battlefield. Some of them diod like heroes, sacrificing their lives in an endeavor to save the lives of their fellow-
workmen. I say that such heroism is
entitled to as great praise and recognition ns the heroism on the field of battle.' Twenty-two of theBe men lost their
lives in this explosion at Nanaimo.
Another Graham "Inquiry."
Now then, Mr. Bowser had set a precedent for public inquiries, and even
had a lawyer representing the department at such inquiries. Ho had set
that precedent because his hand was
forced, and not with any intention of
protecting the lives of the workers of
the province. So when thiB further accident happened, he had a chance to
adopt a similar course. Here was Tom
Graham, chief minea inspector of the
province; ho was under grave suspicion. He had been charged in open
court that Mb conduct was a scandal to
the province. The workers had demanded his discharge. Another explosion
had happened. Lives had been lost. It
was the duty of the government to take
tho trouble to get to the bottom of the
whole affair. But Mr. Bowser, knowing
nil theBe facts, sent Mr. T. Graham to
conduct the inquiry, and this same
Thomas Graham was the only represen-"
tativo of tho government at that inquiry, and this at the vory time when
he was under such gravo suspicion
himself.
Facts Carefully Concealed.
The reason that the workers did not
have independent lawyers at the inquiry waa, as I have before shown, the
strike had destroyed tho unions; there
was no organized labor in these minea.
Theae people had tho fear of God in
their hearts, and they dare not send a
lawyer there for fear of the company.
Tho result was that the only lawyer at
the inquiry wub the lawyer representing
the company, and the only official representing the publie waB Mr. Thomas
Graham. The inquest went on; a lot of
evidence was given; Mr. Graham conducted the whole thing with the assistance of the company's lawyer; the company settled with the relatives of the
victims by paying comparatively small
sums, spread over a considerable time
in weekly or monthly instalments, and
no one is any wiser today as to the
cause of this accident than they were
before.
Here are two cases. The first one we
got to the bottom of because we lawyers probed it, and a complaint was
made, with the result that Mines Inspector Graham came under very grave
suspicion. At the second inquiry the
only man sent by Mr. Bowser to conduct the inquiry and act for the government was this same Thomas Graham,
who, bear in mind, was himself under
suspicion at the same time and in connection with that very same accident,
because it was suggested that the responsibility rested with the government
officials as well as with the mine officials, because those government officials
were supposed to'see and upon them
rested the responsibility of seeing that
the mine officials carried out their
work in proper form.
Farcical Inquests.
I have referred to the South Welling
ton disaster. There have been a long
series of disasters and accidents in the
Vancouver island mines, and in many
cases the inquests have been farcical.
Take a single typical instance of one
of those smaller cases, which pasBes unnoticed by the general public. Mr. Bird,
n lawyer of this city, tells me that to
his knowledge a man by the name of
Adams was killed at the Extension
mine. Later on an inquiry was held
and the dead boy'a father, living within,
three miles of the accident, was never
told of the inquest until after it was
over.
Too Timid to Give Evidence.
I was on the island lost weok, acting
for the widow of Samuel Dickson, killed
in the same mine, It appears he was
coming up the main shaft out of the
mine, walking along a mile almost from
where his work was. There is a tramway there where the cars run. The roof
caved in. There was a fall of some
kind; the timbers broke or something
happened, and he was caught and killed.
I went to South Wellington to see the
widow. I interviewed her, but it is
difficult to see witnesses, because the
feur of God is in their hearts. I wub
not very much surprised at the difficulty
to secure witnesses, Iu another case
which I had boen engaged to fight
against another coal company, the man
told me that hie fellow workmen were
afraid to speak to him in the daytime
for fear they might be spotted and lose
their jobs.
Death and Inquest ln One Day.
I went oh down to Victoria; I went
to Mr. Bowser'b department, stepped
up to the counter and asked to see the
depositions in the case of Samuel Dickson. I found them there. They had to
produce them on my request, and they
consisted of three little pages written
in long-hand. I discovered that the Inquest was held the same day as the man
was killed; that the members of the
jury were employees of the company,
und one of the deputy mine inspectors
was there. The witnesses described the
fact that the man was dead;'that a rock
had hit him, and that the earth had
crushed the life out of him. They even
had an elaborate plan of the man and
how he exactly lay undor this fall, dead.
The witness described all that, but will
you believe it, although the deputy
mine inspector was there, they never
asked the witnesses whether the timbers broko or slipped; whether the timbers were rotten, or how long they had
been in there. They never asked how
the cave-in took place. The evidence
was that the earth had hit the man and
he was dead, and that he would never
come back to life again. The jury returned a verdict of "accidental death,
with no one to blame." That* is the
kind of inquest they conduct; that is
the kind of protection that the laboring
community in British Columbia mines
get.
Credentials to Order,
When this man Graham came under
Buapicion, .they wont to work in Nanaimo and circulated a peition to be signed
certifying that Mr. Graham was a very
fine fellow, and one of the newspapers
in Nanaimo, friendly to the mine-owners thore, camo out with a published
atatement and Baid that only four men
had refused to sign. The inference waB
that the others dare not refuse.
"Inquest" of Britannia Victim.
Another instance of a mine disaster
inquest happened closer home. At Britannia there is a large copper mine, and
last March sixty people, minera and
their wives and children, were killed
when a slide# occurred. I am informed
that the inquest took place two daya
afterwards.    The only lawyer present
was representing the company. The
jurymen produced were all employees of
the company but one, and he was objected to by the company's lawyer. The
only witnesses examined were company
men, and it waB all over in an hour or
so. The government waa represented by
Inspector Newton, one of the Mr. Graham's deputies.
Conclusions.
Now, I have spoken for an hour and
forty minutes, and I think I am
through. I thank you for your BeriouB
consideration of theBe questions. I ask
you, ladies and .gentlemen, if I have not
proved my charge. I at least have
given you xertaimfacts, and if they are
not substantiated, the contrary can be
shown. In conclusion I want to gay
this: This is Sunday night, and I suppose I have to justify myself for speaking tonight, because I understand Mr.
Bowser refuses to speak on Sunday
night. In justifying myself I will take
a text, and that text 'will be: "By
their fruit's ye Bhall know them." I
think that text-is of itself a condemnation of the present government, and if
any further condemnation is needed, it
is to be found in the action of the government, which iB trying to get away
from thoir past record, and trying to
seek suffrage on promises of what they
are going to do in the future.
Judge by Record; Not Promises.
If a responsible government Ib to be
returned in this province; if you are
really sorious in trying to forward the
interest's of labor in thiB province you
must judge thiB government, not by
what they promise to do in the future,
but by what we know and you know,
they have done in the past. And in
judging that past, be sure that the record of events in the coal mines of
Vancouver island is not overlooked.
Election Bait.
The government is holding out promises as election bait for you, the bait
of a Workmen's Compensation act. Before you swallow that bait you are entitled to ask, why when this government has been in absolute control of
the legislature at Victoria, why if this
act is a good act, did. dot they pass the
Workmen's Compensation act during
tho past years of office? The fact that
they did not do so is its own condemnation of the government.
Mr. Tlsdall'a Fish-hooks.
I stopped the other ay in front
of the Hon. Mr. Tisdall's sporting goods store. I saw a flne
display of bait of many kinds hung
in the window. But every piece of bait
had a hook in it. There was the fly
bait; there was the Bpooner bait, thore
were baits of many kinds and colors, all
designed to tempt the foolish fish to
rush in and swallow the bait, and get
the cruel hook. It struck me that the
gentleman who sells fish-hooks is well-
equipped and a very fitting man to be
in Mr. Bowser's government when, as
at the present time, a knowledge of
baits and hooks is so necessary to the
return of that government to the legislative halls at Victoria. ,
I say to you, the workers of Vancouver'and of this province, it is up te
you to conBider, as you have never con-
sidered before, and to decide whether
you nre going to jump at the bait and
get the hook, or whether you are going
to be true to yourselves and to the best
interests of your fellows and of this
great province. Let the bait shine and
fascinate in the political waters as it__
may. "By their fruits ye shall know
them." We know them, you. know
them, and you should accopt that knowledge and govern yourselves accordingly.   I thank you.   (Applauae.)
ADVERTISEMENT
MR. M; A. MACDONALD, who
for the past three years has
been president of the Provincial Liberal association, and as
such closely identified with formulating the Liberal provincial
platform, was unanimously nominated by Vancouver Liberals to
oppose tho, Hon. C. E. Tisdall in
an expected bye-election, made
necessary by the latter fy appointment to the position of minister of
public works.
Mr. Macdonald is also chairman
of the provincial organization
committee of the Liberal party,
and has given a great deal of attention to perfecting an organization which it is claimed is highly
efficient and in a position to cope
with the machine organization of
the government, notwithstanding
the many advantages possessed
by the party in power.
Below are editorials from leading Conservative, Independent
and Liberal newspapers on Mr
Macdonald's nomination, and it
would appear to be generally conceded that the Liberals have not
only selected a strong candidate,
but also one who will be an acquisition to the public life of the province. That the Liberal party
has made striking headway since
1912 in arousing public sentiment
against the government, notwithstanding the lack of representation in the House, is conceded by
all. The provincial government is
clearly on the defensive. The re*-
cent cabinet shuffle introducing a
few new men, caused by Sir Richard McBride's removal, and the
practically forced retirement of
other ministers involved in questionable transactions, does not, in
thc public mind, change*'
the character of the administration. The new premier, Mr, Bowser, was in
the past and Btlll is the
head and front of the government, and its record for
tho past twelve years, not
for the past few weeks,
must be reviewed by the
electors. Mr. Macdonald
will, in the forthcoming by-
election, appeal to all classes without distinction of
party, to perform the public service which Beems to
be generally admitted as an
urgent necessity, namely,
to provide the safeguard of
an opposition in the House
until a general election is
held.
In 1009 tremendous railway obligations to two railway magnates were incurred because tho government was given a free unrestrained hand. Today it
iB suggested that another
great transportation problem relating to the shipping industry will be dealt
with nt tho noxt session, if,
as expected, by-elections
are flrst held. It remains
to be seen if the people of
■Vancouver, after their experience in 1900 and in later years will repeat the
mistake   then   made,   and
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
M. A. MACDONALD
President of the Provincial Liberal association, who will oppose Hon. C.
Tisdall in expected bye-election at Vancouver,
again give the government
a free hand. That the problem requirea oppoaition
sifting, should go without
aaying. In assisting in
the framing of the platform of the Liberal
party, in convention, Mr.
Macdonald has taken advanced ground as the various planks of the party
platform would indicate,
The Liberal party led the
way in adopting the policy
of a workmen's compensation act without litigation,
It declared for the eight-
hour day on all publie and
government-aided work;
payment of wages fortnightly; publlo ownership
of utilities and the creation
of a provincial department
of labor and, free government labor bureaus.
The dally press, commenting upon Mr. Macdon
aid's nomination, says:    ,
VANOOUVER DAILY PROVINOE
Vancouver Province, Dec. 29: The Liberals have selected Mr. M. A. Macdonald, the president of the Provincial Liberal association, to oppose the Hon.
C. E. Tisdall, minister of public works, in the expected by-election. The citizens will be pleased with this choice, as Mr. Macdonald is known to them as a
hard-working, enthusiastic executive, who lias not been mixed up with previous
Liberal party politics in this city, which frankly speaking, assisted the Conservatives to their present dominating position in the province, far more than
anything else1. Mr. Macdonald is representative of the new Liberalism, and
through him it may be hoped there will be expressed the full strength of that
Liberalism. Thus everyone will hope for a straight, clean fight between two
men, both of whom are respected members of the community.
It is an excellent thing when such a contest is fought to a finish, and the
community will trust that both men will be given a fair field without thc usual
personalities which do so much to spoil the flavor of a good political contest.
Mr. Tisdall has the advantage which his position as a minister gives him, and
he also has several years of experience as a legislator behind him. On the
other hand, Mr. Macdonald is new blood, and thprc is a general sentiment
among the people who are not concerned with what may be called strict pa^y '
politics, to give some new blood a chance. Thus the fight is likely to be ant*f< -
tremely interesting one, and both parties will probably have to bring their full
forces into the field in order to secure victory.
A by-election of this nature would provide plenty of excitement, and be
rather more interesting than a general election. For if Mr. Macdonald could
succeed in winning he would be the legitimate leader of the Liberal party in
the House, unless Mr. Brewster, if he runs against Mr. Flumerfelt in Victoria,
can also succeed in winning his contest.
The general opinion seems to be that thc Liberals in Vancouver have
chosen an excellent candidate.
VANOOUVER DAILY WORLD
Vancouver World, Dec. 29: The Liberals have selected a good candidate
in Mr. M. A. Macdonald to contest the Vancouver* seat vacated by Mr. C. E.
Tisdall, on his appointment to office under the crown.. Mr. Macdonald, as president of the Provincial Liberal organization, is certain to receive thc full support of his party, and to put up a good fight. But from the point of view of
the non-party observer, the chief value of the coming election will reside in
the scope it will offer for full and free discussion of the host of problems now
facing the province. As to Mr. Macdonald's qualifications in this regard, students of public affairs in the province of British Columbia will recall how,
when the Mackenzie and Mann subsidies were first mooted in the legislature,
the most illuminating and keenly analytical criticism came from a little-known
barrister than practising in Cranbrook. That barrister was Mr. Macdonald,
and the ability he showed in criticising tho government's proposals then will
get further scope for its exercise during the coming campaign,
VICTORIA DAILY TIMES
Victoria Daily Times, Dec. 29: In selecting M. A. Macdonald as their candidate in the event of a by-election in Vancouver/the Liberals of that city have
made an excellent choice. Mr. Macdonald is a man of exceptional attainments
and ability. There are few, if any, in this province, who have a wider knowledge of public affairs, for although he has not held office, he has been for
years one of the foremost figures in his party. He possesses, in a notable
measure, all the attributes which make for success in public life. He knows
the province and its problems. As an orator and political campaigner, he has
few equals in Canada. He has strong convictions, ia deeply earnest, and has a
wholesome hatred of sham and pretence. He is a type of which this province
is sorely in need' today, and we have no few that Vancouver will not record
its appreciation of the fact when given an opportunity. ,; THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
pagepivb
j
ji'
Why should any man' or body of men tell you,
MR. WORKER
tliat after a day's heavy toil you cannot have the enjoyment
of a glass of beer; he is a tyrant, who says
YOU SHALL NOT
MORAL
B& dn your guard, or-the tyrant will ^eal your liberty.
Lei our distributor deliver a case of our products.  We make
twi/Arands: Britannia and Premier.   Try them.
WESTMINSTER BREWERY
LIMITED
A. E. SUCKLING & CO. f-TD.
-    VANCOUVER DISTBIBUTORU
B. C. FEDERATION
CONVENTION MET
-.,,     HERE THIS WEEK
.(Continued-itom Page Two.) <
delegates to the report, of the special
committee, on immigration and unemployment—Resolution "B," committee
on constitution andMaw.' A*, resolution
wob presented for the-purpose' of pre-;
venting Provincial Federation .of Labor'
receiving a.chnrter from'Congi'ess. Thus
was concurred in by the committee-Vut
was "defeated by the convention. 0ur-
ng, the course of the remarks by the
Hob. Vf. J. BowBer, Attorney-General,
he requested the convention. to recommend ft man to: represent labor on a
commission to gatheif,'dato on the Workman's Compensation Aat/to advise the
government on tin up;to-da1:e act. .Mr.
J. H. McVety, vice-president of the
■Federation) waB elected for this position. An address was delivered by Mr.
Conway', fratemaA, delegate from the
A. F. of.Jj., and oho I think the most
notable I have heard, by Mr. Andrew
Furuseth, the chnirtpion -of the Seaman 's Bill. The following officers were
eloeted for the year: .President, J. C,
Watters; vice-president, A. Watchman j
sccretnryjtreasuror, P. M. Draper; delegate to the British' Trades Congress,
James Simpson of Toronto; delegate to
-the American Federation^of Labor, -F,
Bancroft of-Toronto. '-
'•■ The next convention will be held in
the City of Toronto.
Whilo there are many matters that I
would like to enlarge on in this report,
many things accomplished *by the .officers of Congreaa on behalf of the workers of tbe Dominion.that should receive
favorable* comment, to comment on one
while each is of like importance would
be- beyond, the purview of this roport.
In conclusion I wish to express my appreciation df-.-the honor1 conferred upon
me by this Federation in sending me as
your delegate to CongresB. I trust that
the experience gained by me will be of
a benefit -to.the labor movement of this
province.
EeBpectfully submitted.
A. WATCHMAN.
British Columbia Federationist Trustees
Report for tbe Tear 1916.
Your trustees beg to report aa follows:
At a.directors' meeting, held in July,
your trustees were elected as directors
to replace"; H. Glbbs and G.'J. Kelly,
retired. Tho term of A. Watchman to
expire in 1817, and A. S. Wells in 1916.
At this meeting it/was decided to continue the present/staff untiUat least
after the Congress convention. We attended the annual shareholders' meeting on January 8th, and also the directors' meeting which followed, when
the financial statement for the year
was rendered.
Messrs. Crehan & Martin, chartered
accountants, submitted n profit und loss
account which showed after a libera)
writing off for.depreciation of cuts,
furniture, etc.,. a mnrked'decrease in/
the revenue earned by the company
and a loss on the year's workings of
J201.51.       •
Administration.
During the -year two minor complaints
were made to .jour trustees, and the
same were taken'up with the management, and having hoard no' further
complainta #i& tako it 'that the conduction of the paper has been satisfactory
since the complaints. Editorially tho
paper has maintained the standard of
last year, which is of a high character.
Recognizing the financial depression,
and its of feet on all institutions, wo
consider that the showing made by the
paper is satisfactory, and-at the laBt
meeting of the shareholders it was decided to maintain the prosont Btaff and
hope for tho best; and would respectfully request the support of all trados
unionists in the provinco for the papor,
being of the opinion that it fulfills tho
equirements of the workers of the
province.
Respectfully submitted.
A. WATCHMAN,
A. S. WELLS,
\ Trustees,
The Name
stands for all the essential requirements of a first-
ciass bottle beer. CASCADE on a bottle ofteer is—
like the Sterling mark on silver—proof that it's good
nonest beer, brewed right, bottled clean, in the most
modern plant on the Pacific Coast, by CANADIAN
UNION WORKMEN. We also manufacture high-
grade*—UNION MADE-^erated waters.
SILVER TOP SODAS
You'lKfind they are of the same, high standard as
you are accustomed to in our brand of CASCADE
BEER.  On sale everywhere.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
MONDAY AFTERNOON SESSION.
With the commencement of the afternoon Bession the convention, nt tho suggestion of President Watchman, resolved itself into a committee of the whole
to consider the best policy to be adopted as the result of the industrial depression, and its effect upon the affiliation
of unions with tho Federation.
Convention Less in Numbers.
It was pointed out taht with loss
than thirty dolegates preBont, the convention had become very seriously ro-
duced in size, and the advisability of
not holding one noxt year wus suggested.
[ Tho co nee n su a of opinion was against
making any definite decision of that
kind.
Delegate Taylor, Victoria, favored
that view.
Delegate Simmons, Victoria, said he
considered the convention juat ns noceB-1
sary noxt year as now. He believ'od'-'it
would bo best to leavo tho calling of
that convontion a matter of constitution as it was'then.
Delegato Day, Victoria, wbb surprised
that thero should be any hesitancy on
the part of tho delegates. Considering
conditions, he maintained that both
this convention and ajso tho one at Nanaimo last year, were matters for congratulation and not despondency. After
A Lonely suit awaits you at the Semi-
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SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING .REGULATIONS.
Coal mining rights of tbo Dominion, tn
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon IVrirtory, the Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of fl an acre. Mot
moro than 2,500 acrea will be loaaed to one
applicant.
Applications for louse must bo made by the
applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of tho district in whieh tho rlghta applied
for are situated. ,
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivision! of
sections, and in unsurveyod territory the
tract applied for ihall be staked by the applicant himself,   j
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of IS, which will be refunded If the
rights applied for are noi available, but not
otnorwlso. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five eenti per ton.. t ,
The person operating tha mine ahall furnish the Agent with sworn returni accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
tho coal mining rlghti are not being operated,
such returni should be famished tt least once
The'lease will  Include  tha  eoal  mining
mar he permitted
rights only, but tha lessee i
to purchase whoever available surface rights
may be. considered neeeisarj for the working
of the mine at the rate or 110 an acre.
For full Information application ahould be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agaat or Bub-
Agent of Dominion Lands. „__
W. H. CORT.
Deputy Wtlstar of tht Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publteatloa of this ad-
vertliement wlU not bo paid for—IOM0
the war. the Federation would, in 'his
opinion, be bigger and stronger than
ever.   He favored going ahead.
Pres. Watchman Supports Federation.
.President Watchman said that if conditions remained bad it might be advisable to suspend the convontion for at
least one year next, year. The Federation had beraNrf great educational
value to the workers of the province.
He had recently attended the Trades
and Labor: Congress of Canada, and it
was his conviction tbat, man for man,
the'delegates who came to the Federation gatherings, displayed a much wider
knowledge of working class problems
than those at the Congress.
Provincial federations were needed
beeause most of the legislation, sought
by the workers was enacted in provincial parliaments. He strougly supported keeping the.Fedeihtion in existence,
as he was convinced it had a great deal
of work beforei it*]* jjind a wide sphere of
usefulness in the future.
Secretary, Wells Reiterates,
I Secretary-Treasurer Wells made a
very spirited reply to the nttack made
upon the provincial federations at the
recent Trades Congress convention by
Secretary Pi M. Draper of that body.
He reiterated the opinions expressed by
him concerning that matter under the
head "Conclusion," in his official report, and which appears a little earlier
in tb\ia report..
,    Head Is Very Critical.
Delegate Head, South Wellington,
was frankly pessimistic as to the usefulness of provincial federations. He
did not think thoy could do much good,
except prove they could do no good.
To put men not of the working class
in parliament, and then go and ask
them for thingB on behalf of the working claas was, in his estimation, the
height pf folly. He considered the only
value the federations could have was an
educational one.
Incidentally, they wore very convenient for politicians who wanted to flnd
out what tho workera 'were talking
about.
Ra   ilroad Trainmen Optimistic.
Delegate Coughlin, Railroad Trainmen, said they had organized to the
point where they could exercise very
powerful influence ovor the conditions
under winch they worked. But they
found that employers secured the passage of laws unfavorable to them'.
, He spoke enthusiastically about the
work' of the Federation in connection
wUh attempts to secure a better workmen's compensation act for British Columbia. , He favored holding conventions. That meant getting together,
and the railroad men were desirous of
co-operating with workmen in other industries.
His experience had beon that workmen rarely got brains into their heads
until they had suffered a vacuum in the
stomach.*- They Bhould not be content
with just a square meal and a place to,
hang their hats, all tho whilo letting
someone else govern.them. He favored
keeping the Federation going,
McVety Satisfied—Considering.
Delegate McVety, Vancouver, considered that if the Federation had not accomplished anything moro during the
uast year than to bring the railroad men
into the organization, with closer union
of forces which thnt meant, than it had
fjllly justified its oxistonce.
' No one could forecast what Conditions.would be this time next year, and
he favored leaving it to the executive
to call the convontion or not just according as conditions warranted. Ho
did not favor building ups^essimism
for next yoar, but optimism for this.
Tho proposed new workmen's compensation act was still far from all it
might bo, and if they wanted a finished
act better than tho draft bill, they
would be well advised to preserve unanimity of purpose among them. He wns
convinced tho Trades Congress could
not serve provincial needs anything
like the federations of labor could.
Bx-Preaident Siverts Says Why.
Delegate Sivertz, Victoria, contended
for the continuation of the Federation.
To let it lapse would be a serious step
back in organization which, to his
mind, waa tho only thing which explained why a white man was not working today for wages the equal of colored cooties.
Tho fact that only twenty-six delegates wero present did not discourage
him i-n view of industrial conditions.
He believed the Federation should
continue its.work with all tho forces at
its disposal, and concentrate its efforts
chiefly on some ono thing of outstanding benefit to tho workers rathor than
spread its efforts over a wide field and
perhaps accomplish less.
The time for adjournment having arrived, tho convention roso till 9 o'clock
Tuesday morning.
TUESDAY MORNING SESSION
The flrst matter to be dealt with by
the convention was a resolution from
the Victoria letter, carriers, asking that
tho call for the annual conventions of
Ihe Federation, be sent out sixty days
before tho date set for it's meeting, instead of thirty as the constitution calls
for.
Afler an explanation of the request,
by Delegate Sivertz, and a short discus-
flfon, it was decided not to change tho
Federation low as it stands on this
matter.
Chairman Sivertz, on behalf <if thc officers reports committee, mado tho following roport, which was on motion,
adopted as a whole.
OFFICERS' REPORTS COMMITTEE.
To the Officers and Members of .the convention:
Fellow workers—Your committee on
officers' reports havo carefully considered the several reports referred to it,
and hereby submit its report and ro-
commendations on same.
President's Report.
The committeo concurs in tho review
nnd statement of facts contained in the
flrst paragraph, it also commends-tho
watchful endeavor of tho president', tho
secretary-treasurer and Vice-president
Simmons in trying to influenco legislation favornblo to the workers.
The committeo is pleased to note that
ns a result of the president's insistency,
tilo government felt obliged to appoint
a relief officer, which rosu'ltod in some
relief being extended to the destitute
workers. Considering the well-known
reluctance of the government to act in
thoso matters, it iB more than an ordinary achievement to have brought
about a recognition by the provincial
authorities of the prevailing suffering
among tho unemployed.
Regarding Jitney Busses.
As tho various municipalities have
the powor to regulate thoir operation,
tho committee recommends that the int
coming executivo make representations
to tho various municipal authorities to
exorcise their power by passing bylaws
regulating same.
Commissioner of Labor.
Tho committee endorses the recommendation of the president in this respect.
Rogarding suggested amendments to
the Elections Act, the committee recommends that the subject be referred to
the executive, with a view to promoting
its enactment according to its best judgment and the opportunities afforded of
furthering same.' <
In view.of the fact that the convention has by a resolution, referred this
report of the special committee on compensation for industrial accidents to the
convention as a whole for consideration,
the committee does not think it necessary to refer to the matter except to endorse the views of the president on the
subject.
In concurring in .the president's report as a whole, the committee wishes
particularly to express its entire agreement with the opinion set forth in its
concluding paragraph, and commends it
to the earnest consideration of the. delegates.-
Your committee concurs in the report
of tho executivo, and desires, to emphasize .the necessity of special efforts being mnde by the .incoming executive to
sepiire proper enforcement of the Coal
Mines Regulation net. It also considers
that further efforts should be made to
obtain legislative prohibiting Asiatics
from etr.pbyjng white girls and women.
The committee (indorses the action of
the executive in nominating one of its
members for the position on .the commission appointed by the. provincial
governmont for the' purpose of investigating the operations nnd provisions.of
the different workmen's compensation
acts in Canada and the United Staths,
end regard the appointment of Vice-president McVety ob a matter on which the"
members of this convention may' congratulate themselves.
Respecting organization, the. committee is of the opinion that every endeavor should be made to organize the timber workers of the province;- as indicative of greater activity in the lumbering industry In the near future are.reported to exist all along the coast;   .
The committee endorses the sections
of the Becretary-treasurer 's report
whieh was referred to it and in connection therewith wishes to record its pleasure over the recent and most important
acquisition to the strength of the Federation in the affiliation of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, ulthough no
mention is made of that in the report,
The suggestion that the incoming 'executive delegate the interviewing of the
government to a sub-committee, in or--
der to save expenae appeals to the committee as reasonable and practical.
The committee .concurs in the report
of the delegate to the Tradea and Labor
Congress, it nd takes this opportunity to
express itB satisfaction at the defeat of
the movement made at that convention
to destroy the Federation. It also .wishes
to congratulate the president on Mb
election to the vice-presidency of the
Dominion body. '.
Tbe B. 0. Federationist.
The cbmmitte* approves1 of the report
of the B. C." Federationist trustees, and
hopes the appeal for a more general
support of the paper by ths delegatea
and workerB of the province will meet
with prompt response.
In Conclusion.
The committee has beon impressed by
the painstaking thoroughness with
which the several officers of the Federation' have endeavored to discharge their
onerous duties, under tho most adverse
conditions and commend their work to
the delegates and membership of the
Federation in general.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
CHRISTIAN SIVERTZ,
% Chairman.
W. H. GIBSON
WALTER HEAD
PETER SINCLAIR
J. TAYLOR.
Auditing Committee.
Tq tho President, Officers and* Delegates
of the Sixth Annual Convention of
the B. C. Federation of Labor;
We have this day examined tho books
of tho secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells,
und flnd the same correct as per report
furnished by him under Officws' Reports, '
Wo wish to compliment the secretary-
treasuror on the efficient mannor in
which the books have been kept.
PETER SINCLAIR
JOftN DAY
STANLEY TILLER
Facts About the Membership.
During the presentation of the foregoing reports, Secretary Wells mado
the statement that tho strength of the
Federation now includes 7ti local organizations affiliated with an approximate
membership of 4000. Tho most recent
affiliations arc Pr;nco Rupert Trades and
Jjnbor council, the Vancouver membership of the Railroad Trainmen, nnd
Vuncouvor Milk Wajjon Drivers' union.
Workmen's Compensation Act.
The convontion then wont into committee of the whole to consider thc report of the special committee on compensation for industrial accidents.
Chairman J. II. MtVety presented the
report, and in doing so mado a very
comprehensive survey of tho history of
workmen's compensation in the chief
countries of the world. His speech,
which occupied nn hour and forty min
utOB, wub followed with tho closest attention by the dolegates, and bore evi
donee to the exhaustive, stuffy which he
hits made of this question.
TUESDAY AFTERNOON SESSION
This session was chiefly taken up
with u general discussion of tlie draft
bill of tlie new Workmen's Compensation act, which is to bo introduced at
tho coming session of the provincial
legislature.
Delegate McVety answered many
questions as to the proposed new act.
Delegate A. J. Carter, 'representing
the minors of the Crow's Nest Pass,
said tho minors were fery vithlly interested ih tho act. The old act had
been n very unsatisfactory one to thom,
and "they were looking for tho removal
of many disabilities when tho n»v ono
became law.
Ho was satisfied when tho organized
labor movement selected Delegate McVety as its roprescntntivo on tho commission, which had boon investigating
(Continued on page 6)
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FOB $1.26 A OABMENT—Medium weight, unshrinkable wool underwear
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COMBINATIONS are available in all three weights »t twice the price of
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Two heavier, weights in the same finish at lt.80 and $1.75 per garment.
Please note that these are prices of a year ago.   *
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1916
191j6       1916
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5000 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY, JANUARY 21, 1914
Our Clearance Sale
Ends on Saturday
January 22nd
Don't fail to take advantage of its economies: everything in the store is reduced except about six contract lines, and standard lines of groceries.
Many things are clearing at half-price—some less
than half—but on everything you buy you effect
a saving.
KlSBttdSDtfsBauCotnpanji. M
1   .   _/ _______  ___     **au— i wtMisSa. warn whmimwhb ' VJ^^,
Granville and Georgia Streets
"Jingle Pot"
Coal
Builders'
Supplies
Furniture,     Bag-We do all kind, of cartage work, bat we apeoiallie on
fraiTfi And tbe mov'n** °' furniture, pianos and baggage.   Onr men
geiSB mu        w6 eJtp6rta( Mlj y,ey gre t]80 urefo] when handling
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YOUB PATRONAOE IN ALL THESE UNEB SOLICITED
The most heat nd least amount ot waate. Lump, $6.60.
Nut, 16.60 per ton.
In onr warebon.e. on False Creek we carry a complete
stock ot common and fire brick, plaater, cement, aewer
and drain pipe, etc.
McNEILL, WELCH & WILSON, Limited
80 Pender Street West
PHONES: Seymour 405, 606, 5108, 5400
MACDONALD MARPOLE Co.
LIMITED
Phone Seymour 210 Phone Seymour 210
COAL
Wellington Lump $6.50
Wellington Nut No, 1 ...$6.00
Wellington NUt No. 2 ...$5.00
Comox Lump t •;..;. $6.50
Comox Nut...; t  $5.50
■     i , ii '***    -" '
PITHER & LEISER, LTD.
WHOLESALE
WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS
VANCOUVER
VICTORIA, B.C.
REPRESENTING-
O. H. Mumm is Oo,, Champagne
''Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
s      Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Oarnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Preller i Oo.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc.
Goo.l lor one year', subscription to The B.
* y\ rtTT T"» /■* a T-. r\ f-t c* fc'oder.tionl.t, will be mailed to any ad*
lllSIIK I A K I JX **"*■ In Canada for |10. (Good anywhere
IV lJUO. *Oril\.J-»0 oa„|de „r"v.noonver city.) Order ten today.   Remit when aold.   .
- .The
Home Guard
Ogilvfo's
means c
Econonw
ocuvitt i
* -J
OgiIvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
C. FEDERATION
CONVENTION MET
HERE THIS WEEK
(Continued from page Five.)
similar acts in tbo United States and
elsewhere.
He considered the choice was a good
one, and that the .work had been well
done so far at least as labor's representative was concerned. He believed
that if the work of Mr. McVety eventually became part of tho new net, it
would bo ono of tho bost of its kind in
existence.
Delegato Carter asked a number of
questions about the draft bill as it
concerned the miners.
Tho discussion nn .this question was
continued during tho afternoon, and
was participated in by Delegates Wells,
Taylor, Head, Sivertz, Coughlin, Day,
Watchman and- Sinclair. ' At-its termination the report of the special committee was adopted.
Election of Officers.
Officers for tho coming yeur wore
elected nt this session. During the election, tho chair was occupied by J. W.
Wilkinson, at tho nequost of President
Watchman.
The following officers were chosen:
Presidont, J. H. McVety. Delegate A.
Watchman declined nomination for a
further term. Secretary,treasurer, A. S.
Wells; vice-presidents for the Various
districts wero elected as follows: Vancouver, J. Brookes and E. Morrison;
Vicfftrin, C. Sivertz; New Westminster,
W, Yates; Vancouver Island, W. Head;
Fernie, A. J. Carter. Selection of vice-
presidents for tho districts of Prince
Kupert and NelBon was left' in the
■ hands of the executive.
Trustees of the B. C. Federationist,
A. S. Wells and A. Watchman.
Delegate to Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, A. S. Wells, with the
question of an alternate referred to the
executive.
Bevelstoke was chosen as the convention city for 1917.
Congress Sends $i00 on Account.
Secretary Wells read a letter which
he had received from Secretary P. M.
Draper of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada. It stated that the
Congress was sending $100 as a contribution towards defraying the expenses
connected with the legislative work of
the Federation.
Secretary Wells was instructed to acknowledge the money as a donation
'' on account.'' It was pointed out that
the Congress had-felt' itself justified in
contributing something like $1700 towards the cost of securing the Workmen's Compensation act of Ontario.
Employers in British Columbia aro
preparing to fight many of the best
clauses in the proposed new act for this
province, and the opinion was expressed
that thc Trades Congress should contribute more towards the cost of opposing them—especially considering some
of the items which appear in the annual
"confidential document" dealing with
the finances of the Congress.
Secretary Wells said thnt in response
to the special appeal seat out' to the
British Columbia unions for funds to*
finance the compensation act agitation,'
$89 in all had been received. Ail monies
expended in this work up to date had.
been paid out of that, amount.
This ended the session for the day,
id the convention adjourned at 5
o'clock until 9 0*clock Wednesday morning.
WEDNESDAY MORNING SESSION
This, tho closing sfession, wns occupied
with the disposal of a number of resolutions and routine matters.
Election of Vice-PreBldents.     *
The constitution and law committee
recommended that in future tho vice-
prosidonts for the various districts
should be.elected from tho floor of the.
convention, inBtead of being nominatod
by tho unions in those districts. This
course was agreed upon.
The Ways and Means Committee.
This committee recommended that the
salary of tho secretary-treasurer be reduced from $30. to $20 per month, in
view of the reduced work of that officer. This waa in line with, tho suggestion of Secrotary-trenBurer Wells, and
was adopted by tho convention.
Ten dollars was also voted to be paid
to the employees of Vancouver Labor
Temple company.
Only ft Few Resolutions.
A resolution by Delegate A. J. Carter,
pro viding for the holding of the conventions .bi-ennially, and requiring the
oxecutive to take a referendum vote of
the affiliated membership regarding
holding a convention in alternate years,
was non-concurred in.
A six-day week for street railway-
men, proposed by Delegate Watchman,
to be established by legislation, will
form the subject of representations to
be made by the executive to the provincial government.
Delegato J. Day advocated, the provincial govornment registration of
plumbers, a suggestion which was concurred in.
By resolutions of Delegate Taylor of
Victoria longshoremen, th$_- executive
wns instructed to make a special effort
to"*have longshoremen included in the
provisions of the new Workmen's Compensation act, and to press for the ap
pointment of" government inspectors of
all hoisting and other gear on wharves.
Delegato Yates introduced a resolution
calling for the abolition of all property
qualifications for civic office, by ftn alteration to .the Municipal act. His proposal was endorsed.-
Miss H. Gutteridge, who was present {
as a .visitor, was invited to address' the
convention. . In the course of. a very
able speech dealing with the manner in
which women _are taking ,tho place of
men in industry, she strongly urged .organized labor to press for the payment
Of , equal'wagoB to men and .women for
the same work. ■■**   -
McVety Endorsed for Commission.
President McVety was unanimously
endorsed for the position of labor representative on the permanent board of
commissioners, who will administer the.
new British Columbia Workmen's Compensation a«t after it is paBsed.
Oii motion of Delegate' Wells, the
principle of equal- pay for men and
women for oqiial work was endorsed,
and the executive instructed tb request
the provincial government to introduce
a measure at tho next session of parliament, providing for the enfranchise-
mont of women.
J. W. Wilkinson, editor of the B. C.
Federationist, was invited to address
the convention, and did so....
Secretary Wells reported that $6 still
remainod in the special fund for financing compensation agitation, and that
ho proposed to close that fund by transferring the amount to general fund. -
. This terminated the business, and
President McVety, in a brief, speech,
declared the sixth annual convention of
the B, C. Federation of Labor adjourned sine die.
UNION OPERATED ' 'MOVIES' *
List of Moving Picture Houses Employing Union Operators.
Tho following .theatres in this province employ union operators:
Vancouvor—Bijou,. Colonial, Columbia, Dreamland, Family, Globe, Kitsilano, Mnple Leaf, Orpheum, Pantages,
PrinceBS, Progress, Star, Strand.
North Vancouver—Empire.
■    New Westminster—Edison, Royal.
Nanaimo—Bijou.
All theatres in Victoria, and "The
Birth of a Nation" film, playing in thiB
province at the present time.
Royal Olty Street Railway Employees.
Less th.nn two years ago the.member-
ship of the New Westminsted division
of the Street Railway Employees numbered around the 500 mark;* Today the
deerea-se has brought it. down -to * 2-*k
Thirty-two member8\hnve enlisted for
overseas service, the latest being Recording Secretary A. F. Duncan.
VANCOUVER LABOR TEMPLE CO., Limited
'BALANCE-SHEET AS AT NOVEMBER 30,1915
■   Vancouver, B. 0., January 5th, 1910.  '"
To the Directors and Shareholders of the Vancouver Labor Temple Company, Limited, Vancouver^ B. t*£   ■-
.  Gentlemen,—According to instructions we have audited the books ot the Company for. thirteen months ended No*
vember 30th, 1915, and herewith present you with the result of our examination as set forth on the following exhibits:
Exhibit "A"—Proflt and Loss Statement for 13 month a ended November 30th, 1915.
"B"* Balance Sheet as at November 30th, 1915. ■•,'■'. '   ~
Profit and Loss Statement.       -
On Exhibit "A" we submit a detailed statement of .this account, which shows a loss for the thirteen months of
$4852.05.   The rent receipts have fallen from $18,921.00 for the previous twelve months to $12,310.15 for the present
thirteen mouths.
Balance Sheet
On Exhibit "A" we submit a detailed statement of thc Company's affairs as at November 30th, 1915.
Cash—We have verified the correctness of this item.   Building and Fixtures—No depreciation has boen written off.
Liabilities—We have taken to account all accrued interest on the Company's liabilities which are bearing interest.
The Balance Sheet annexed and signed by us as relative hereto, is in our opinion a full and fair Balance Sheet
containing the particulars required by the regulations of the Company,' and is drawn up so aB to exhibit a true and
correct view, of the Company's affairs, according to the best of our information and the explanations given to us, and as
shown by the books.
We have obtained from the Officers of the Company all the explanations and the information we have required.
Yours faithfully,
(Signed CBEHAN, MABTiN ft OO.
Chartered Accountants and Auditors.
Cash-
In Bank
On hand
ASSETS.
389.50
20.00
Sundry Debtors-
Open accounts      5,474.02
. Unexpired insurance ......       291.60
Labor Templo Building 153,658.56
Furniture arid fixtures     3,611.55
Billard room fixtures........    1,498.16
* 1	
Real Estate—,
Lots 21, 23, block 35, S. D.
541, eost ...* ,..,'.    50,000.00
Appreciation on valuation,
Oct. 31, 1912 :-v......   80,000.00
409.50
5,768.62
158,768.27
Incorporation expenses	
Profit and Loss account—
Balance   undivided   profit,
October 31, 1914     4,454.03
Loss for period     4,852.05
130,000.00
328.50
398.02
$295,669.91
LIABILITIES.
To the Public:
Sundry Creditors— / ,
Prudential Assurance Com:
pany,    secured    by    firat
mortgage^  .$107,000.00
C. Docring, security by second mortgage    15,050.00
Accrued Interest      6,730.65
Salaries       1,410.00
Wages, Janitors         135.00
Taxes      3,720.69
Bills Payable      1,800.00
Open Accounts ....'.        147.57
Sundry Loans      1,000.00.
To the Shareholders-
Appreciation Account	
Capital Account—   *
Authorized: 100,000 shares
of $1.00  $100,000.00
Allotted: 80,346.- 80,346.00
Less cancelled 185...185.00
136,993,91
80,000.00
Less Unpaid
80,161.00
1,535.00
Paid on cancelled shares.
78,626.00
50.00
78.676.00
$295,669.91
Certified as part of our report of even date.
CKEHAN, MARTIN & CO.
VICTORIA
B.C.
CARD OF
THANKS
I bog to thank tho electors of
• Victoria for having re-elected me
as' one of the soard of Aldermen
for tho city of Vfatoria, for the
year 1910.    ■ .'.'.,    •
A. E. TODD
A. P..DUNCAN ■',..
Recording secretary of the Street "Rail-
way Employee^' union, New West-
• minster, for tho past six years, who
last week enlisted, with the. 18th Field
Ambularicr \Vcorps, along with
"Harry'1' Sehofield, an active -member of, the same union in Vancouver,
THS PEOPLE'S FORUM
MEETING IN LABOR
TEMPLE SUNDAY.
Mr. Muck Eastman, professor
Of economics at .the British Columbia university will -apeak at
the People !s Forum -in-" the La-*-
bor Temple next Sunday evening
at 7.30; His subject will be
"Labor Conditions in France be-
More and since the war commenced."
$12.00, $15.00
or $18.00
la -your limit for
A NEW 8011,
see what wo have-to offer..
Oood Variety, New Styles
PEABODY'S OVERALLS
UNION MADE
W, & J. WILSON
Tho Men V Clothing Centre
1217-1219-1221    Government   St.
and Trounce Avenne
VICTORIA
THE  STREET  RAILWAYMEN.
Short   Budget   of   Items   Gathered
Around the Oar Barns.
Always around election time you will
meet lots of men who are very anxious
to register their vote, but for some reason or other they'are not'on.tho list.
Can't- understand why;they are. not
on this/year and all this kind of talk.
They are bo terribly keen oh recording
their vote thnt they think it too much
trouble to-find out whether they aro
on the voter's list or not.
Two'of the "also rans" in the "Vancouver city elections were remembered
by some of tho working class.. The
workers may have short memories but
it is hard to forget a man.who hns the
nerve to propose that cjvic employees
should not' vote in city elections, or a
candidate that fuvoru the adoption of
a wage of $2.25 in place of #.1.00.
There is considerable talk of women
taking the place bf men ia various cap*
aeitics, such as elevator attendants,
and possibly street Ncar .conductors.
This is a spirit of patriotism to stimulate recruiting.
But-wait until the question of wages
comes up.: Watch thoBe patriotic employers offering the same amount of
wages to women ns the men were earning.   I don't think I
Several more enlistments this week
from our ranks. One of our past presidents, H. S. Schofleld, who is well
known as a top notchef in "flrst aid
work" has become attached to the local C. A. M. C. as an instructor with
the rank of quarter master sergeant.
[J. E.  G,]
ALREADY 80 SOON
Toronto Unionists Take Preliminary
Steps to Receive Labor Congress
There was a very good turnout of the
committee of management appointed by
the District Labor council to arrange
for the Tradea and Labor Congress of
Canada convention, which will convene
in the city next September. The meeting was held in the Labor Temple. Walter Brown was appointed as temporary
secretary. It was decided to send out a
circular asking all local unions in the
city to send two representatives to a
meeting to. be held on the evening of
February 26 (fourth Friday), when the
permanent organization will be affected
and the permanent officers appointed.
It is expected that every local will get
in line, and be represented upon this
occasion.—Industrial (Toronto) Banner.
Fitting "Hard-times" Opening.
With unparalleled splendor the fifth
session, of the third legislative assembly
of Saskatchewan formally opened at
Begina on Wednesday afternoon. Every
available inch of space was taken up by
tho crowds who gathered in the parliament buildings.
Thomas & McBain are holding their
Lonely Sale of Bend-ready suits. Get
yours. ***
The Semi-ready Lonely Sale will not
come again until January, 1917.     ***
B.C VINEGAR WORKS
Factory; 1368-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 885
Eat. 1904 Vancouver, B. O.
Floral Art
FUNERAL DESIGNS
Wo make a specialty of wreaths,* I
crosses, harps, anchors, pillows, j
etc.   See us for subscription designs.   We eaa give you special
prices. •   .
RITCHIE'S
810 Granville Stnet
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Seymour 2405
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3486.
North Vancouver — Office and
Chapel, 112—Sixth SL West. Phone
PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT FOR 13 MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 30,1915
To Salaries  $1,200.00
" Janitors' Wages ... 1,942.25
" Janitor's Supplies..    212.90
"Bepairs       82.12
" Fuel      893.41
" Light      241.40
'" Taxes  1,405,38
" Insurance      864.80
"Water      218.75
"/Telephone      122.93
" Elevator powor ....    167.00
" Scavenging      38.90
" Towel Service      142.00
" Legal and audit...    130.00
" Offlce Expenses ...    390.67
" Int. on mortgages.. 7,557.15
" Int. and discount...    229.15
" General Expenses..      30.00
" Offlce Rent     260.00
" Tool room rent....    120.00
" Labor Temple Club    802.84
" Bad debts     105.55
 $17,162.20
" Loss for period  $
4,852.05
By Rentals $12,310.15
THE CANADIAN  BANK
1}   OF COMMERCE
Capital $15,000,000        Best 113,500,000
Main Offlce:   Oorner Hastlngi and Granville Streets, Vancouver
OITT BBANOHES LOCATION '■■
ALMA ROAD  .Cor. Fourth Avenue and Alma Road
COMMERCIAL DBIVE  .Cor. Fint Avenue and Commorelil Drive
EAST END Cor. Fender and Main Siren.
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Oranvllle Street
HASTINGS and CAMBIE Cor. Haitlnn and Cambie Street.
K1TSI LA NO Cor. Fourth Avenue, and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT.. '....Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
POWELL. STREETS.... r Cor. Victoria Drlve'and Powell Street
SOOTH HILL......... Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fr».er Road
Also North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
__
HOW MANY TEETH
HAVE YOU  GOT?
If any of them are missing yoa are not living up to yonr full efficiency—yonr registered horse-power. But In replacing them be sure
that you are really replacing them with others that will worthily
take their place. Are all your teeth gone! Then get a plate that
will give you the feeling and the functions of a set of Nature's own
teeth. I auk you to come and let me see what you need and to show
you the highest attainments of dental art and craft.
MY "' *     '    b / AND MYy
Hygienic Clowns Expression Plate
and Bridges (tbe finest made)
%4t per Tooth $10 per'set
Dr. BRETT ANDERSON
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Oranvllle Street
Bank of Ottawa Bldg

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