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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 2, 1916

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°^;T MINERSI world-wide war forseen thirtyj c iv IC
(to«£gg)     $1.60 PER YEAR
Preliminary Discussion on
Terms of Next Year's
Alberta Is Asked to Strictly
Enforce Underground
Working Hours
FERNIE, March 1.—The thirteenth
annual convention of District 18,
United Mine Workers of America, was
held here last week. As the agreement
with tho operators does not expire until March of next year, before which
time another convention will be held,
the question of the relations between
the mine workers and the operators
was merely discussed in the form of
preliminaries, on the basis of which
leflnlte reports on various points were
requested for presentation to next
vear'B convention, with a view to having the matters which will be brought
forward by the mine workers in con-<
lection with a new agreement presented
for consideration in such a form as to
make the representations telling and
forceful. Along this, line tho convention passed several resolutions with
reference to the conditions of tho working ngreement which tho scale committee will take as the preliminary
basis for its report at nrat year's convention, which will bo hold shortly prior
to the expiry of the agreement.
Settlement of Disputes.
The convention thorougly discussed
the method now prevailing of settling
disputes through the medium of nn
Independent chairman and unanimously
decided the methodtobeunsutiBfactory,
No alternative idea was approved, the
convention leaving the matter over for
careful consideration by the membership of tho locals during the year in the
hope that a plan which will satisfactorily settle this point may be presented
in connection with next year's convention discussion of the new agreemont.
The convention decided to make an
t ppeal to the Alberta legislature for
he strict enforcement of the provincial regulations governing the hours of
libor of underground mine workers
md also to press the Alberta authorises to repeal   the   existing order-in-
,     ouncil governing safety lamps used In
_  nines.
Ai    '■• European Wm Discussed.	
* \ The subject of the European war was
Iought forward In the annual report
President Graham, which pointed
I j the disastrous effect of the world-
Vie conflict on all peaceful pursuits.
''.*- )i his mind, organized labor should
'*■ i ke a firm stand as opposed in prin-
plo to all wars and thus do its part
in bringing to an end such wasteful
i ud disastrous conflicts as are now
being carried on. The convention
heartily applauded the remarks of its
1'resident and later passed a resolution
in connection with the war which
'■laced it on record aB endeavoring to
p-otect the membership of its locals
'iom being subjected to any encroachments or unfair methods by employers
tending to influence the extensive depletion of the mine workers' ranks
throughout the district by coercive or
conscriptive methods.
Convention Well Attended.
'The convention was thoroughly rep-
. resentatlve, all the executive officers
being in attendance and the delegates
representing, with proxies, 45 votes on
the floor. Among the delegates were
tl e following: Gladstone, T. France
» id J. Flent; Michel, H. Beard; Colo-
nan, D. Gillespie; Blairmore, S. Jen-
- b n; Frank, J. D. McSweeney; Belle-
vne, R. Leavitt; Ooalhurst, C. Phillips;
Commerce, A. Sac; Lethbridge, M. Login; Taber, E. Brown; Canmore, Thatcher; Bankhead, J. Bole; Drumholler,
W. H. Hopkini; Hillcrest, W. Faggan;
Nordegg, W. White; Georgetown, E.
E. Mallabone; Carbondale, J. Lonsbury;
Corbln, J. Hodson.
The business coming before the convention was carefully considered but
the action on all the principal matters
was practically unanimous.
The report of the Secretary-treasurer,
A. J. Carter, showed that owing to war
conditions, which had materially lowered the paid membership, a financial
deficit existed. The active member
ship throughout the district wns now
4475, as compared with 7000 before the
outbreak of the war. About 1500 members of the organization had joined the
overseas forces.
New Locals Organlied.
Mr, A, Reese, member of the inter
ational board addressed the convention on organization matters, stating
that three new locals had been organized in the Drumheller district during
the year. '
The delegates were made thoroughly
at home at Fernle, the convention being
welcomed by Mayor Uphill. Entertainment features which lightened the labor
of the business sessions consisted of a
dinner tendered the delegates by Mr,
W. B. Wilson; a smoker given by tho
Fernie entertainment committee and
another smoker at Coal Creek, tendored
by the Coal Creek club.
What Frederick Engels, co-laborer of Karl Marx and author of several socialist classics, thought' about
a future world-wide war is clearly
shown in a part of the preface
written by him in 1887 for a new
edition of Borkheim's book, ,,(Zur
Erinnerung an die Deutschen
Mordspatriot'en,'' (A Memento for
the German Jingoet).
In this foreword Engels places
the responsibility on the system of
competitive armament, and declares
this to be the factor which will
finally bear fruit in making war
The moBt remarkable .passage
written by Mr; Engels, almost
THIRTY YEARS AGO, Ib as follows:
"And, finally, no other wars will
be possible for Prussia (Germany)
but a world war, a war so extensive
and frightful as has been hitherto
un thought of. Eight or Ten million soldiers will murder one another
and incidentally devour Europe as
would a swarm of locusts. The
devastations of the Thirty Years'
War pressed together into three
or four years and spread over the
entire continent; famine, epidemics,
a partial return to savagery on the
part of the armies and the masses
of the people, brought about by
acute suffering; demoralization of
trade, industry and credit; ending
in general bankruptcy! An absolute impossibility to predict how
all will end and who will be the
victor. One thing is absolutely
certain: general exhaustion, and
the bringing about or tue conditions which will be necessary for
the final victory of the working
"This is what must be looked
forward to when the Bystem of
competitive armament will have
borne its inevitable fruits, To
this pans, princes and statesmen,
you have brought Europe, and if
nothing else is left to you but to
' start uie Inst great war dance,
we may as well be satisfied with it.
The war may, perhaps, force us
into tbe background for the moment; may even take from us many
a position we had conquered, but if *
you loose the forces which you are
afterwards unable to control,
things might as well go as they
will.''—Translated from the Volks-
zeituhg by Philip Egsteln.
Will Be Assisted By Central
Labor Body in the
Electrical Workers Will Ask
for a Federal Board
of Inquiry *
^B ■
Youngest regular attendant of Vancouver Trades and Labor council;
nged 4 years. Eldest son of J.
Perley Farris, a delegate from the.
Barbers' union.
Local Typographical Meeting Last Sunday Well
Special Course of Education
Proposed for Future
The Union Label Ib your label,
and when you ignore it you ignore your own best interests and
hinder your own progress toward
bettor things, If you do not demand the Union Label on your
purchases you are not only failing to use your purchasing power,
but you are violating your obligation as a union man. Try being a ,W0 pw eent* union man
and demand the Union Label. Do
it today.
Miners' Convention
To Meet at Trail, B-C,
On Wednesday Next
TRAIL, B. O., March 1.—Special to The Federatlonist)—The miners' annual convention will convene
here next Wednesday, March 8.
Reports from Secretary-treasurer
Andy Shilland, Sandon, District No.
6, W. F. of M., Indicate that there
wlU be a representative number
of delegates present from all over
the province.
The Secretary of the local here
has been advised that President
Ohas. H. Moyer, Denver, Colo., wtll
be present. District 18, U. M.
W. of A., will send a fraternal delegate, probably Secretary-treasurer
A. J. Carter. It is expected, too,
that President. Jas. H, McVety of
the British Columbia Federation of
Labor wlU accept an Invitation to
attend the convention, for tha purpose of giving information covering the proposed Workmen's Compensation Act, in which the miners
are vitally concerned.
A circular just received from
Secretary-treasurer Shilland concludes: " .... In view of the
many important problems for which
we have hitherto vainly sought a
solution I would again enjoin you
as to the great need of each local
sending Its full quota of delegates."
Marked Activity ln Law-making Business at Capital Oity.
The government has announced that
it will enact rigid amendments to tho
act governing the stile of liquor in this
province, during the present session of
the house. A new bill will also bo introduced along the lines of the Alberta
measure covering the sale of intoxicants. It will then be submitted to
popular vote on election day, and if it
receives sufficient support will become
effective Jan. 1, 1917.
The proposed new Workmen's Compensation act, based upon the recommendations of the recently-appointed
commission, is also to be made law this
Rossland Miners Endorse Dingwall.
Rossland Miners' union, No. 38, W.
F. of M,, has endorsed the candidature
of their secretary, George Dingwall,
for the offlce of secretary-treasurer of
the international, in the forth-coming
elections, in opposition to Ernest Mills.
Seoretary-treasurer Mills was an official
of Greenwood local prior to his election
and subsequent removal to headquarters
at Denver, Colo.
Socialists to Run Full Ticket.
A member of the Socialist Party of
Canada telephoned The Federatlonist
late last night that he waa glad to
hoar of the decision made at laat
night's meeting of the Tradea and
Labor* council. ..Local No. 1, he aald,
would have a full ticket of six candldatea for the workers of thla city to
vote for.
At the regular meeting of Vancouver
Typographical union, held Sunday last,
nominations of international officers
was the principal item of business occupying the attention of members present.
Of tho present officers, President Marsden G. Scott and Vice-president Walter
W. Barrett are unopposed, and Mr. Joe
M. Johnson is the only candidate for
agent of the Union Printers' Home.
For the office of secretary-treasurer,
Mr. J. W. Brumwood received 13 votes,
Mr, J. W. Hays 40 votes and Mr. W. E,
Merritt 45 votes. This office requires a
majority of votes cast in order to endorse a candidate, therefore no one was
chosen by Vancouver union.
.Mr. H. W. Dennett, Mr. Max S.
Hayes, Mr. Frank Morrison and Mr,
Hugh Stevenson were endorsed as delegates to the American Federation of
Labor; Mr. Thomas McCaffery, Mr. Jerome V, O 'Hara and Mr. Michael Powell as trustees of tho Union Printers'
Home, and Mr. W, R. Trotter as candidate for delegate to the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
Reports to date indicate that Mr.
Trotter, who is a member of the local
union, has also been endorsed by Ottawa, Winnipeg, Calgary, Seattle, Taeoma, .Spokane Falls and Nanaimo unions.
New Law for Apprentices.
A notice pf motion was offered by
Mr. H. L. Corey to amend tbe bylaws
by adding a new section to provide that
apprentices, upon entering the third
year of apprenticeship, shall be required
to take tho course given by the I. T. U.
Commission on Supplemental Trade Education, which course they shall be required to complete before being accepted as journeymen. The value of the
instruction received through taking this
course is admitted by all who have
taken or investigated it, and the above
proposed action is a step towards producing more efficient and finished workmen in the printing trade.
Chapel Notes.
Mr. Bert Elsey of tho Sun chapel,
finds that linotype operating is seriously affecting his eyesight, and is therefore temporarily leaving tho trado to
take up another Occupation.
Typographical union members continue to enlist for military duty—tho
latest to don tho uniform being Mr. C.
Uren, Mr. A. E. Laing and Mr. W. Q.
Laing, attached to the 158th battalion,
and Mr. W. Fogarty, who haB joined tho
B. C. Bantams. Mr. H. Robins has
been transferred from home guard duty
to the 158th Overseas battalion.
Mr. Percy E. Coffin deposited an
Everett travelling card and is showing
up at the Sun offico.
Should the Oovernment Leave Its Support to Popular Charity 7
The Trndes and Labor council of
London, Ont., recently took a decided
negativo stand on tho proposal of the
London Board of Trade to request the
city council to put in force a two-mill
civic tax rate for tho benefit of tho
Canadian patriotic fund.
Tho resolution adopted by the council
wob as follows.
"Tbat this Trades and Labor
council of London, Ont., go on record as unanimously opposed to
the Living Tax for patriotic purposes. They furthermore ask the
city council to petition the federal
government to provide for the children of soldiers, the separation allowance for wives to be $20 per
month ob at present with the addition of $5 per month for each
J. Lawton, chairman of the legislative committee of the London Trades
and Labor council, Bays tho meeting
considered that the government should
look after the children of soldiers and
then the wives would not be compelled
to ask for charity, as the patriotic fund
was really only a form of charity.
The regular meeting of the central labor body took place this evening, with
President Maiden in, the chair.
W. C. Harris, of the Street Railway-
men, and J. Halter, of the Cigarmakers,
were obligated and seated as delegates.
A communication krom T. W. Crothers, *ninister of labofr, in re the appointment of a new correspondent for the
Labor Gazette, was filed.
* Another from M.jG. Scott, International Typographical union, Indianapolis, Ind., stating thut the Phelps Publishing Co. were pushing tne sale of the
following publications: The Farm and
Home, Current Events, Orange Judd
Farmer, Northwestern Farmer and
American Family Magazine and that' as
this company employed only non-union
labor, it wns requested that all union
men refrain from using these publications. On motion ihe delegates were
instructed to carry this information to
their locals.    s   r*
The auditing committeo reported having audited the booka of the secretary-
treasurer up to Dec. 31, and had found
them correct.   The report was adopted.
Delegates Knudsen and Stoney reported for the visiting committee that;
several locals had been visited and that
the attendance showed some results.
Committee continued.
Reports ot Unions.
Typos.—Nothing hew; trade about
the Bame. Bartenders—Four men idle,
Cigarmakers—Getting a little worse, as
there is only throe men working. Street
Railwaymen—A little improvement in
the freight department; five more men
being put to work. Brewery Workers—
The same as before; short time for all
except the engineer and teamster.
A request for some information in re
the late Wm. Walter Sayer wob received from his wife, and the secretary waB
instructed tn get what information ho
could and turn the letter over to the
chief of police.
New Badness.
Delegate Stoney brought up the question of organizing the civic employees,
from the heads of the departments
down, pointing out that Calgary, Vancouver, Burnaby und other places had
Buch organizations, and that they were
doing good work for their members,
and he thought that now waB the proper
time for New Westminster to get busy
and do the same. The treatment handed out to the civic employees this year
showed that they needed some oganiza-
tion. He stated that on top of the cut
they had been asked to give a day's
pay per month for patriotic purposes,
citing one case where a returned soldier
had worked ono day, and the next was
assessed a day's pay.
Delegate Downes thought it would be
a hard job to get all city employees in
one union, ns some of the department
heads and some clerks and school teach-
ors, etc., might not wish to affiliate with
the Btreet laborers and teamsters.
Delegate Grimmer said it would be
practicable to get all of them in, including firemen, police and evory one
else drawing pay from the city.
In answer to a question, Delegate
Stoney stated that the teachers alrendy
had an association of their own, and on
motion of Knudsen-Grimmer it was decided to write to the association and
request them to send delegates to the
council, or to meet the executivo committee and make arrangements for some
kind of affiliation.
Delegate, Knudsen, chairman of the
organization committee, announced thnt
there would be a meeting of the committeo on Friday night and Delegate
Stoney offered his services to the committee and expressed tbe hope that they
would get as busy aB possible, as he!
considered the present the most oppor- i
tuno time thero had ever t)oen for tho
formation of suoh a union in this city.
Electrical Workers WiU Fight.
The city council was notified by letter, from tho International Electrical
Workers, locnl 55S, that the electrical
workers employed by the city and who
were cut down to $4.10 per day, would
not accept the out, and that they would
refer the matter to a board under tho
federal Industrial Disputes act. As
these men are the only ones working
for the city who aro organized, they
are the only ones who have tho means
of resisting tho cut and protecting
themselves.   Moral: Organize now.
No Business Without Workers.
In a recent addross a prominent exponent of organized labor attracted the
attention of his auditors by declaring
that "no effort of wage earners to improve wages and working conditions
was ever defeated by an employing
corporation only ae the corporation can
lino the wnge earners up against themselveB." Was he right! An employer's
businosB depends upon the w#ge earners for profit. In fact, the business and
investment without the employee is absolutely worthless.
■www ww W VW W^^^FW WamwW*! WVW
THERE WILL BE NO LABOR TICKET in the field for the district of Vancouver in connection with the general provincial
elections which will be held this year.  This verdict was given
by a decisive majority, only one negative being recorded, at a meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor council on Thursday evening.
The meeting was well attended, and very representative, the word
having gone out widely that the proposal to drop the Labor
ticket was to be the principal subject of discussion. The resolution
was thoroughly .discussed! from all points of view, the argument becoming very heated at times. When the vote was taken, however,
all the delegates were impressed, from one point of view or another,
with the fact that thc proposal was a wise ono at the present time,
and thc vote was, as stated, practically unanimous.
The arguments covered a wide field and showed that the delegates,
although seeking the advisability of dropping the ticket at this time,
favored this policy because of lines of thought which were at.distinct variance. The sentiment was expressed by several speakers
that the Labor party movement was one which the Trades and Labor
council should not tako up, but that such a project should originate
from outside and thus enlist many who might not be interested if
the affair was a purely trades union movement,
and the vote war, as stated, practically unanimous.
The question as to whether Labor candidates shall run in Point
Grey and South Vancouver was not covered by the resolution, and
this point will be later considered by the parliamentary committee.
The, report favoring the dropping of
tho Labor ticket waa preaented by Delegate Hardy, and also co-iered an additional clause to tbe effect that a Labor
party be formed outside the Trades and
Labor Council. A number of delegato
took exception to the additional clause,
and the meeting finally took up the matter in the form stated in the official
minutes of the campaign committee,
which merely recommended the withdrawal of the Labor candidates for
Vancouver city.
Views of Del. Pettipiece.
In making the motion for the adoption of the report. Delegate Pettipiece
said he favored the proposal because
he was tired and sick of the painful experiences which had been his lot in connection with the whole Lnbor party
business. When such a movement was
organized, he always found that either
tho movement somehow or other became
attached to something else or something
else became attached to it. As a
socialist he had offered to surrender
his membership and support a real
Labor party, but the result of this
movement was tbat some of the same
old treachery, on the part of, members and candidates alike, was in
evidence. With reference to the present situation it was found that two
of the Labor candidates were supporting the Liberals and one of these
had taken his place on a platform at
a Liberal meeting. If that waa the
kind of Labor ticket which was going
to represent the council, he /didn't
want to have anything to do with it.
The Labor movement was Imuch better off without such hocus pocus proceedings. |
w City
Matters of Importance to
the Lumber Locale,
President Says Employment
Along tbe Pacific Coaat
Very Slack
Trust Price of Ooal Btlll Obtains in the
Oity of Vancouver
When the conl miners wanted to
raise the price of their labor they hnd
to ask tho boss. When the bosses wanted to raise the prico of what that labor
produced they did not ask anybody
about it.   Oet It!
Fight or Get Out.
Mayor McBeath snyb tho city may
dismiss men wbo do not go to tho front,
to give work to thoBo who do.—News-
Changed Times Affect Situation.
The Labor ticket proposal had been
made a year ago, when conditions were
such as made it possible to believe that
finances could* be managed and a real
showing made. The Labor cause had,
however, met with difficulties during
the year and, as a result, every meeting
of the campaign committee showed less
interest. The logical result of the conditions with which the council was
faced was to fire the whole campaign
committee and list of candidates and
select three men who would stand firm
to their colors.
Delegate Hardy, in seconding the motion, said he had not called the meeting
of the committee for the purpose of
railroading the recommendation to drop
the ticket. There were two views to be
taken of a Labor ticket: Either it was
the purpose of electing the candidates
or it was put up for the purpose of pro-
venting some other ticket winning. Personally, he was willing to tnke money
for financing tho Labor ticket from
either the Liberals or Conservatives.
Reference had been made to his being
on the platform at the Parker Williams
mooting in Labor Hall, He was there,
and considered that every candidate on
the Labor ticket should also have been
on that platform and taken a Btand
against the Conservative party.
Many Insinuations Made,
The position was one in which thero
were many rumors afloat and insinuations being mado. Undor these circumstances it was the best thing for the,
council to drop the Labor ticket. What
was tho situation regarding the candidates? Tho speaker had gathered certain facts from the mon who had been
selected. He found that two who had
been chosen wanted to know where the
money to run the campaign was coming
from, and would not stand unless the
funds enmo from wage workers;
other would be willing to renounce all
parties; another would rather run as an
independent; another thought the socialists wero the right party, and would
go back to its fold if it secured more
votes than the Labor ticket, whilo thc
sixth candidate had said nothing. What
was the use of carrying on a campaign
with such a showing behind it!
Mr, Hardy closed by saying that ho
bad no means lost faith in tie Labor
party movement. It had been successful in other places, and the time would
come when such a party would bo a
power hero without any Tory or Liberal
in its ranks,
Ten Years to Organise Party.
Delegato Miss Gutteridge criticised
Mr. Hardy, saying that he evidently expected that tho Labor tickot was to be
financed by ono of the old parties, and
when this support was not forthcoming,
ho had made his appearanco on a Liberal platform. As to a Labor party,
she believed such a movement was a
crying need. Such a project could not,
however, bo organized in five minuteB.
It would tako probably ten years to put
such a movement soundly on its feet.
Delegato Wilton said he hnd always
taken an active interest in the Labor
party movement. He had come to believe, however, that there waa something in the argument against trndes
and lnbor councils taking the lead in
this direction owing to the dnnger of
disrupting tho unions which represented
all Bhades of political opinions. There
was also the question of machine influence coming up and the insinuation as
A Vancouver unionist who is now secretary-treasurer of the Pacific Coast
District of the International Longshoremen's union, with headquarters at Seattle.
Officials Winking
At U. S. Shipping
Law Violations
President of Seamen's Union. Charges
Bureau Chiefs Ara in League
with Capitalists.
Charges that the Lo Pollette Seamen's act Is not being enforced In
the United States, because the shipping Interests have too much influence with officials of the department of commerce, were made at
Boston this week, In an address before the Economic club hy Andrew
Furuseth, author of the act and
preaident of tha International Seamen'a union.
The commissioner of navigation
and the inspector general of steam
vessels were specifically named by
President Furuseth as the officials
responsible for failure to enforce
the law.
A. A. of S. and E. R. E. Accomplishes
Remarkable Work for Its Members,
Few organizations of labor in this
country can show a record superior
to that of tho Amalgamated Association of Street and Eloctric Railway
Employees of America during the past
year. Increases in wages wore received by this organization to an amount
in excess of three million dollars, covering 70 locnl unions and 34,030 members. And the most important thing in
connection with this tremendous increase in wages is tho few strikes that
wero necessary to bring it about.
Strikes wore necessary only in 17 instances, covering the entire country
and nonrly 100 locals that had up the
question of new agreements.
There was paid out by tho organization in death and disability benefits
a sum aggregating $6,800,000, this
large sum being distributed to the members who had boen disabled and to thoir
dependents in case of death.
The organization also added a large
number of new members to its rolls
during tho year 1915, many new locals
being organized.
Two prominent officers in the tradea
union movement along this coast via-
ited Vancouver this week, in the per*
sons of Mr. John Kean of San Francisco, president of the Pacific Ooaat
district of the International Longshoremen's union, and Mr. Gordon
Kelly, of Seattle, secretary-treasurer of
the same organisation.
The visit of the labor officers to Vancouver was made in their official capacity, being in connection with a complete tour of the Longshoremen's locale
on Puget Sound and northern points.
Conferences were being arranged with
each organisation for the discussion of
internal affairs of great importance to
the organization. It was believed that
this tour and the visitation to the various locals- would result In the devising
of ways and means whereby the general organization would be greatly
strengthened and closer and better
connections be established between the
various locals. One of the principal
subjects which would be discussed st
the conferences was'the consideration
of matters of vital importance to tha
lumber locals of the northern points.
"Black" Business Reported
Speaking concerning conditions pertaining to their organization as regards
employment, the visitors reported that
matters were reported by locale aU
along the line as very slack, the sole
exception to this general report being
from the Pugenf Sound locals.
"There are indications, however,"
said Mr. Kelly, "of an early and unusually heavy movement to Alaska
from points on the Sound as well as tha
early resumption of brisk conditions la
deep water traffic along the entire coast.
"One of the difficulties we are up
against, is, however, tbe scarcity of
bottoms to handle the awaiting traffic.
Why, on Puget Sound alone, there Is at
**"■   present time   fully   twenty-five
to money being handed around. Personally, ho did not believe that there
had beon any money given to any Labor man in connection with tho Labor
Labor could not, however, oxpect anything from the other parties. It morely
had to tnke what it could get. Under
present conditions it waB probably best
for the Labor ticket to bo dropped and
tho question to be considered ns to
whether it should bo revived outside
the trndes council. Tho resolution before the meeting did not cover the
ticket in Point Grey and, aB the candidate for that district, tho speaker expected to be in tho field on election day.
Wage Workers Should Finance.
Delegate Trotter said he had nover
(Continued on page 4)
million feet of lumber cut and ready for
loading, bnt shippers can't find the bottoms to handle the business. -Io tht
vicinity of 'Seattle the"" railway yards
for miles are filled with cars loaded
wjth war material for transport to
Vladivostock, but there are no bottoms
to carry the shipments. You can easily
understand from these illustrations
why we are receiving reports from our
locals of "slack" business."
Scarcity of Carrying Bottoms.
President Kean came north after
making a tour of thc locals of his organization from San Diego to the
Sound, His report ns to general conditions, as observed on his trip, was the
same as that given above by Mr. Kelly.
"One feature which has undoubtedly
hod much to do with the prevailing
slackness in our line," said Mr. Kean,
"is the closing of the Panama Canal.
This condition has certainly led to large
shipments being made overland by rail
which would otherwise have been sent
through the canal. Take the case of
grain shipments from Portland. It waa
expected that this business would be
handled during the past season via the
canal. Now that It is closed, the shipments nro being diverted to an overland rail route to New Orleans, thenca
by bottoms to the desired points. All
this, of course, doesn't spell work for .
the members of our organization."
Shipbuilding in B.O.
Tho question of the plans for establishing a shipbuilding industry in British Columbia, to meet the demand for
bottoms in which to carry tho business
from Vancouver, was briefly discussed
with the visitors nnd thq question put
ns to whether it was considered that
the carrying out of this project would
tend to reliove conditions somewhat.
Thoir comment on the proposals waa
that, whether tho ships were built of
wood or steel, the owners would fiat
themselves in possession of something
which would be more in the nature of
a liability than an asset unless the plan
was taken up promptly and carried out
Messrs. Kean and Kelly stated that
after visiting the Longshoromen's locals of B. C, they would continue their
trip and make a complete tour of the
locals at all points on Puget Sound.
Local Barbers' Movemont for Shorter
Hours Now Secure.
The early closing of barber shops in
Vancouvor has been once more provided
for, in a new bylaw thiB wook, tho one
formerly passed having the defect that
it was put in force ns soon as passed,
whereas one week had to lapse according to statute. Shops must not open
before 8 o'clock in the morning nnd
must dose at 7 o'clock Jn the evening
except on Saturday and on days before
u holiday, when 11 o'clock In thc evening is tho hour.
Merchants not advertising In
your paper (The Federationist)
do not desire your patronage. Do
not force it on them. Patronize
thoso who patronize the only
weapon of publicity in the hands
of organizod labor west of Wlnni-
pi*.'.?at', of cott™°» members
of affiliated unions are urged to
demand the Union Label when
making purchases. PAGE TWO
06 Brandui In Cauda
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money ordejps.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at blgbest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital ■
Total Aeeete • •
. | 11,MO,00
Ono i Dollar will
tho account, and
busln.se  will   ba
come  bo   It   largo
> .       amall
Branches and correspondents
throughout U» world
Anita ..
Deposit. .
. 8SS.000.000
,', 48,000,000
Savlnga end hooaehold .Mount, invited. Joint assents optn.d whan m-
quired for two or mor. peraona, any
one of whom max deposit or withdraw
money.   Interest la paid on halanoea.
Banking aseonnU opened for Societies, Lodge., Trustees, Bieeuton or
for print, pnrpose..
Paid np e.plt.1     1,000,000
Beserre fond     0,tM0.ttt
Comer H—""P and Oamble SB.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities to Mind
Fuming, Dairying, Stock aad
Poultry. British' Columbia
, Grants Pre-emptiooi of IN ures
to Actual Settlers—
TEB1IS—Residence on tha laud
for at least throe years; lmprore-
ments to the extent of #5 per
acre) bringing under eultl.atlon
at lout ire ures.
For further information apply to
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, ln
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terlrtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of tbe Province of British Columbia, mag be leased for a term of twenty-one
gesrs at an annual rental of 91 an aore. Not
more than 3,660 aeres will be leased to one
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district in which the rights applied
for are situated. -u    .        ...
In eurveged terrltorg the land must be described bg sections, or legal aubdlvlslona of
seotlons, and in unanrveyed terrltorg the
tract applied for ahall be ataked bg the ap*
plloant himself.
Published every Friday morning by the B
Federatlonist, Limited
B. Farm. Pettipiece Manager
Office:    Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7406
Subscription:    $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
Each application most be accompanied by
a fee of 96. which will be refunded If the
light! applied for ara boi available bat not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on the
merchantable output of tho mine at tbo rate
of Ave centi per ton. '
Tht person operating the mine ahall fur.
nlih tha Agent with awora returni account.
lac for the fall quantity of merchantable
leal mined and pay tha royalty thereon. If
the eoal mining rights ara not being operated,
inch retnrna ahould bo furnished at least onee
* ThV' lease will Include tha eoal mining
WghU only, bnt tha leasee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
»ay be considered necessary for tha working
of tha mine at the rata or 110 ao aero.
For full Information application ahould be
mtde to the SecreUry of the Department of
the InUrior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Bub-
Agent of Dominion Lands,
W. H.   UUKT.
Deputy Mlnisur of tha Inkrtor.
K. B.—Unauthorised publication of thli ■*
wrtlsement will not ba paid for—80600
Now Westminster \V. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 581
Victoria A. S. Wolls, Box 1588
"Unity of Labor: the Hope of the'World"
ago, received a letter from a Slo-
can correspondent, containing
what looked like well-merited criticiHm
of the Labor movement in general, and
tlie Vancouver portion
of it in particular.
Now we find we w
duped. Consideration
wus givca the Jetti
on the assumption that
the writer, with twonty years-1 experience in the Labor movement, had at
leust advanced to the place where it
was conceded that if the workors want*
od anything of real worth accomplished
they would have to do the job for themselves, But wo wero mistaken. This
week he lets the cunine off the clothesline. The reply mailed to tho Slocan
correspondent, upon receipt, followa:
Am in receipt of yours of
Feb. 20, and also your Inter epistle of
Feb. 25. So fur as I am concerned, the
following excerpt from your letter of
tho 25th mokes your position plain. It
" 'Many of us see no chance
whatever of electing o Labor man,
nnd aro coming out strongly for
thc Liberal candidate. Anything
at all to bust the machine. I AM
"Under tho circumstances I refuse to
make The Federationist n rag-chewing
medium for the squabbles of old-party
politicians. So long as I am manager
of this paper it will stand for absolute
independent political action, und conform, as nearly as possible, to the international movement in this respect.
"If you have been identified with
the Labor movement for the past
twenty .years it must be self-evident
that both the old-line political parties
stand for precisely the oame form of
property ownership.
"Need I refer to the history of either
of themf What the Conservative party
has done to the miners of B. C, the
Liberal party has duplicated with the
miners of Spring Hill.
"In fact to line.up with either of the
old parties at' this or anyother time is
too much like going back to where wo
started twenty years ago.
"If there iB necessity for a working
clnss movement on the industrial field,
thero is equal necessity for its reflex on
the political Held. If the workers of B.
C. are not yet ready to take that position, I, for one, will wait. I refuse to
be stampeded by the present tactics of
old-party politicians, who are making
a vigorous attempt to ubo members of
the organized Labor movement, to once
more get us fighting each other over
' tweedle-dum and tweedle-dee.'
"A strange phenomena about the pre'
sent political situation in the Labor
world is that as soon as certain members of the trade union movement ally
themselves with the Liberal party they
can see all their opponents in the pay
and service of the Conservative party.
All their old-time viewpoints and pretentions of loyalty to the working class
seem to be forgotten.
Tbere never was a time in the history of the international Labor movement when the workers should be so
alert nnd alive to the mission of their
class, as just now. Tho problems we
will be called upon to face and responsibilities we will be compelled to
assume during the coming few years,
both because of the war and consequent economic conditions, will demand
the deliberation of men thoroughly
armed with a knowledge | of the Labor
movement, and certainly bigger men
than those who are influenced by the
temporary exigencies of either of the
employers' parties, be they labelled
tvhat they may.
So far as The Federationist is con-
corned, your ense is thrown out of court,
on tho grounds of your being an alien
political enoray."
sity of bringing labor to heel in England.
»     . #      *
After a little exploring among thc
ideas and prejudices of the unorganized
workers one turns with relief to the organized. The latter may be backward
in many respects, notably in their contempt for political and economic knowledge. But they certainly know thnt
thero is a flght on—a ch^s fight,-and
they dp not scruple to wage it with all
tho skill nnd energy .at their commnnd.
As a result, they'have obtained a degree of recognition and respect which
promises soon to be transformed into
power. They fight for what they wnnt
instead of cringing and begging for it,
and the world loves a fightor bettor
than it loves a lover.
#       #      #
There is a law hero which every
worker should engrave into his brain.
Fear and subservienco nover did anyone any good. But the erect posture of
cournge and uggressiveness frequently
wins battles without a blow being
struck. It is to the lasting glory of organized labor that it does not grovel,
bnt stands erect. As soon us it adds
intelligent purpose to itB cournge and
self-reliance things will begin to
FRJDAY y MABCH 3, 1916
A union man should vote a union
ticket. Some wuy must be found to
prevent political scabbing by some
It will bo a pretty safo bet for wngo-
workerB to believe what the old political parties arc saying nbout eaeh other
just now.
A great deal of new legislation has
been promised by the government for;
this session. But no mention is made
of enforcing gomo ff the legiBlntion already on the statutes, such as the Coal
Mines Regulation Act. In fact^ Chief
Mine Inspector Graham .has .been reinstated nnd is rendy for thc next
Judging from daily newspaper reports, tho governments of Saskatchewan and Alberta, or rather agents, "in
snch cases made and provided," frisked the liquor men for all tho election
funds they could raise-wind then
double-crossed the donors. Hence the
So long ns any candidates of members
of "Labor" parties or tickets can bo
induced to take sides with either of
the old  parties on election day, just
So long us.atiy candidates or members
Better to clear tho decks entirely than
stand for nny such political trading
or compromise. Has the advice and
exeprience of the late Kier Hardie been
forgotten already f
radical ideas, he usually gets
extremely impatient with the
trades unions. Ho cannot tolerate their
onservntive methods nnd point of
viow. But a calm
study of the working
THE WORKER cjU88 mjm] (.„mi()t fH\)
AND THE t„    (.onvince    anyone
CLERK. tbnt tho unions appre
ciate tho fundamental
facts about socioty pretty well. They
thoroughly understand, for instance,
thnt the interests of the workers clash
with those of tho emptors at many
points. Not mnny unorganized workers
realize this profound truth, snys the
•       4       «
Clerks, bookkeepers, salesmen and the
Hko hardly over feel conBcious of their
class position. Having never come to
grips with their employers in u fight for
higher wages or better conditions they
usually look at evory problem from the
employers' point of view. One sees them
enthusinstic for u bigger city, oblivious
of tho fnct that n larger population
means n keener competition for jobs
nnd nn aggravated social problem. They
talk about "our" province, und discuss what "we" shnll do as soon as
capital begins to como here again,
a,        «        a
Wilh men of this psychology tho odii'
cator and orgunizcr of the labor movemont can do nothing. His most vigorous onBlaught' fall back from a wall of
ignorant conceit, nine-tenths of which
consists of the fatuous belief that such
men do not belong to thc working class.
Who has not heard puny little clerks
and bookkeepers talk about, the necess-
It muat bc conceded that thc pro
hibitioniBts are overlooking one of the
strongest arguments they have in favor
of their proposals. "Harry" Sibble,
a Federationist circulntion promoter,
has just returned to Vancouver from a
trip through the Kootenays, via Washington state. He atates that, as a result of prohibitory measures in thnt
state, the Snlvation Army is being
driven out of business in the small
towns and its work curtailed in the
larger cities. Their occupation iih so-
cinl scavengers and importers of cheap
labor is disappearing. And, by the
way, in this connection, has any one"*
ever noticed where tho Salvntion Army
has gone upon record on the prohibition question!
'     [By W. M. C] ——^
The co-operative idea is making
great headway in Russia, much more so
there than1 one would suppose nt first
glance. Co-operative credit banks,
patterned after the Raiffeisen system in
Germany, are multiplying rapidly, the
membership at present being somewlmt
over 700,000. Whore the peasants formerly had to pny from 40 to 00% for
money—and luckly to get it ut that—
these banks loan to their members at
8 to 12%. Interest on deposits varies
from 4 to 0%, most of the money coming from tho membership. These societies also brunch out into other fields,
conducting libraries, restaurants, and
manufacturing enterprises for tho benefit of their members. Along the lines
of agricultural development, one of
the most' efficient societios Is the
Khurkof, which is aided government-
ally. It deals wholesale in farmers'
products and supplies; sends out lecturers to educutc tho farmers in ui)
phases of farm work; conducts courses
in scientific ngriculturo in thc publie
schools; publishes agricultural journals,
and papers on co-operation; and oporates to much advantage along many
similar linos. For the use of co-operative banks, tho Imperiul Bunk of Moscow Ib required by law to Bet aside
$10,000,000 a year. The losses in these
enterprises nre but .02 of \r/o: Thc
government hns also built 200 grunu-
ries where the fnrmer may, store his
grnin, nnd ho can obtain (10% of its
mnrkct value from tho governmental
banks. This in benighted RnssioJ
*       *       a
The four-year agreement between tho
operators and the Pennsylvania coal
miners expires on March 81. and the
mon aro working towards putting a few
improvements in it. The main features
of the men's demands arc, recognition
of tho union; ti 20% incronso in wages;
shorter hours; n shorter agreement
period; a stumlnrd ton; a change in
the method of settling disputes; and n
few other minor mutt ers. Thc demands
are, all quite reasonable, ns anyone who
knows the coal-fields is well nware
that the men nre by no means living
in the lap of luxury but thc conl-
barons nro true troglodytes. Tho last
incrense tho miners got wns-in 1012,
when they received 5%, or an nvernge
increase of 0 cents, per ton; following
which tho operntors wept n terriblo
tale of poverty, und of tho greed of
lubor, and raised the wholesale prico
25.82 cents por ton, the surplus profits nccrulng to them therefrom being
13 % million dollars. Quite a nice little
nest egg; nnd they are shaping their
course in a similar direction this trip,
providing the public is gullible enough.
The miners claim that, in tho last 12
years, while the cost of food-haa increased 40%, wagea have only incroused
5!6%; and that further, while the miners' average annual wage is only $600
u recent U. S. report fixed the Fuir
Standard of living at $731.98, a matter
upon which experts widely differ, Dr.
Chapin asserting that "$800 is not
enough to permit the mnintennance of a
normal standard,"" but that "$900
probably permits it, so far as the physical being is concerned." This exorbitant sum of $600 per annum represents tho greed (oftlabor so vehemently
denounced by the "truo patriots,"
Compared with thi?, tho greed of Cnpi-
tal is a mere flea-bite, as we shall see.
The Reading company is tho back-bone
of tho anthracite coal monopoly. Hero
aro n few remarks anent .Reading by
Mr. John Moody, a recognized financial
expert and statistical.: "From the reports nf the Reading company itself,
it would be quite impossible to learn
what the profits actually aro; but from
tho U. S. census bulletins fairly satisfactory information ib obtainable. . . .
Figuring on a price of $;U)5, nnd a cost
delivered in NewiYork harbor of $2.61,
thero is shown a not profit of $1.04
per ton over nnd ubovo transportation
charges. Of this $1.04, thero is included in the earnings of 12.76% on
Rending company common stock last
year, only 19.13 cents per ton. Tho
earnings not included in figuring tho
surplus for dividends on Roading company common stock aro thns estimated
at 84.87 cents per ton; and the company carried last yoar from ita own
mines, 10,120,051 tons. Mutiplying
this hy tho undisclosed proflt of 84.87
cents per to;i, we hi.ve a total undisclosed profit of $8,589,226 for the year.
This ia oquivalent to 12.27 per cent,
on the common stock, which, added to.
the 12.76 per cent, divulged by the figures of the report of the Rending com-
pnny itself, giveB us a total of 25.03%
ns the true earnings on tho $70,000,000
of Reading company common stock. If
the miners were possessed of n spirit
of true patriotism, or even of common
decency; they would work for nothing,
and help keep these poverty-sfricken
stock-holders out of the -poor-house!
Or perhnpa they mny take nnother notion, nnd, like MncBeth's "boots," refuse "To devil-porter it nt hell-gate
no longer."
Finnnce is founded on the assumption
thnt tho worker will keep on produc-,
ing wenlth above his cost of living;"*
that: he will then turn over this wenlth
to the capitalists to take fcnre of; nnd
will give no further thought to it.
The theory of company promotion,
followed by reorganization ia like the
natural phenomena of the distribution
of moisture,—ocean to clouds, clouds to
mountain-tops, nnd mountain-tops back
ngain to ocenn.
There is one thing, nnd one thing
only, thnt n professional politician can
point to with pride, nnd thut is—a
spotless future.
«       *       *
In describing a patriotic meeting recently, a correspondent1 somewhat sarcastically remarked that there were
present "several hundred Americans of
all nationalities." Which surely
clinches the argument'that "wo must
progress along national lineal"
Companies Want Power to Write Employers* Liability Policies.
Four prominent insurance men, acting ns a committee representing the
casualtyjCdmpanies doing business in
British Columbia, visited Premier Bowser tTuesdity to urge upon him that in
the proposed Workmen's Compensation
act provision be made allowing private
companies to write employers' liability
policies. The insurance men do not
wont the aet to make this business
purely the right ot the government, nnd
have beon urging this viow consistently
upon the government:
i The report of tho .commission which
heard evidence on workmen's compensation legislation has been signed and
is now in the hands of the printer. It
will be presented to tho legislature today or tomorrow.
Cultivation of good habits is also an
excellent way of getting rid of bad
Hnve you ever reckoned up how
mnny frionds you hnve lost by giving
them advice?
To-morrow never comeB, but the
morning after tho night before always shows up.
Most men like dogs. Thnt is the
reason they hate to see a woman
kissing a dog.
Not only cathedrals hnve been shot
to nieces in wnr, but n good many
castles in the air.
Tho Stree Railway Employees' In-
ternntionnl union has a membership
exceeding 100,000.
The great trouble with the multiplying efforts for social improvement
is tbnt those who have the energy to
undertake them lack proper direction,
whilo thoae who might direct them
safely lack the energy to try.—Cleveland Universe.
Promotion of the use* of the union
Inbel is n union mnn's business, nnd if
ho does not attend to his own business,
surely he enn not expect others to do it
for him. No business prospers without'
attention and promoting the use-of the
label is business. Govern yourself accordingly,—Labor Clarion.
Orgnnizcd workers should wake up
nnd note carefully tho circular recently issued by the Tobacco Workers' in-
ternntionnl union, in which it calls
attention to the indifference of orgnnizcd workors in reference to demanding tho label on goods purchased by
them. When n firm like tho Tuckett
Tobacco Co. decides to discontinue using the Inbel on their goods owing to
tho poor demand for samo, it is about
time the union men were jncked up in
somo wny and brought to their senses.
If organized labor is not prepared to
fight its own flght, how con thoy expect
the employers to fight, for thom. Be
men, nnd demand the label on all your
purchases whon this is possible.
Are All Provincial Voters' Lists to Be
Used ln Federal Elections?
In the federal house this week members nro wrostllhg with the question of
extonding the franchise to women in
general elections, in those provinces
where their names appear on the provincial voters' lists. In the discussion,
Dr. Michaol Clark of Red Deer, Alberta,
snid that he understood that the intention of the resolution was to substitute
the vivacity of the women for tho vnst
stupidity of men in our public affairs.
If ao, he ngreed with Mr. Pugsloy. The
greatest political evil in Conndn, he
added, was political corruption. Nine
out of ten of the people with whom
he had discussed the question snid that
you could not buy a woman to do tfny-
thing against her will. The greatest
political'evil would ceaso to exist if you
had as many women tnking part in
politics as men, Thore was no force in
tho argument that women could not. go
into the trenches. If tho women had
the vote, tbwre would bc no war. Thoy
would not be such fools ns men.
"Doing His Bit."
Peter Brown, of Vnncouvor,'a soldier,
has this week beon sontonced to three
months' imprisonment for changing regiments too often to suit the authorities.
Trowel TradeB Will Boon Amalgamate
Under A. P. of L.
Tho action of the Bricklnyors' convontion nt Toronto recently, in voting
to join tho A. F. of L., provided that
they ore not drawn into sympnthic
strikes Or jurisdictional controversies
without the consent of the international
officers, seems to cinch this long-ponding question of affiliation, as tho laws
of the. Federation provido for autonomy for nil chartered international
unions. .
Already the Bricklayers ond Plasterers have interchangeable cards. Not
long Binco the Bricklayers amalgamated
the Mnrble Setters, while the Plaster-
ors took in the coment industry. The
Tile Setters have so far been loft out,
but will come in nt the right time, it
is believed. All theso moves look to
ti closely federated trowel tradeB.
Will* Take Advantage of Provisions of
Industrial Disputes Act.
29.—Thanks to the efforts of Aid. Dodd,
the electricians of the Royal City will
hnv6 nn opportunity of making the city
cdhncil show cause why thoy should reduce tho wages of this particular crnft,
without notice. The electricinns, following the precedent of tho Civic Employees of Vancouvor, will, if necessary,
make an nppeal to the federal department of labor for a board of investigation and conciliation, and tnke full advantage of the provisions bf the Industrial Disputes act.
Westminster Trust Co.
Head Office: New Westminster, B. C.
Managing Director
Houses, Bungalows, Stores and modern suites for rent at a big reduction. Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at 92.50 up. Wills drawn up freo
of charge. Deposits accepted and interest at Four per cent allowed on
daily balances.
Eight-Hour   Movement   Continues
Make Substantial Progress.
Tho eight-hour movement continues
to swing along in a highly favorable
manner, and the shorter workday has
become pretty firmly established. Shop
after shop is granting the demand.
One Way to Do It
The quickest and surest way to pny
off the debt on the Labor Temple is to
got all the workers possible into the
unions. And' one wny to do this is by
making tho groatest possible demand
for local union-made products.
Tbe Hatters' Fund.
Secretary Frank Morrison, American
Federation of Lnbor, reports that up to
nnd including Feb. 11 he hnd received
from the unions over the country the
sum $42,638.80 on tho Danbury Hatters' fund. The money is still being
forwarded from various labor organizations.
A Dog's Life.
"Your husbnnd says he lends a dog's
lifo," said one woman.
"Yes, it's very similar," answered
the other. "He comeB in with muddy
feet, mnkes himself comfortable by the
fire, and wnits to be fed."
Printers and
Labor Temple
Phone Sey. 44*0
printei. od The Fed.
Unequalled Vind.Mll. Means
2:45, 7:20, 8:16    Season'a Prlc..:
Matin..,   ISo;   Evenings,   lie,   25c.
not for nny clnss of the people.
Clean, nowsy nnd bright—a newspaper you can trust. THE SUN
upholds the principlo of governmont by the pooplo,
KEEP IN TOUCH with the
news of the dny by roading THE
Subscription Bates.
By carrier 10c per week, or $5
por year in ndvanco, in Vancouver
or Vicinity.
By mail, 25c. por month, or #3
por year throughout Canada,
Groat Britain and all countries
within the Postal Union. United
States, 60c. per month.
| Vote against prohibition! Demand personal liberty in choosing what you will drink,
Ask for this Label when purchasing Bear,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that It la Union Mado. This U our Label
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OP CANADA—Meeti In convention September ot
each year. Executive board: Jas. O. Watters,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B. p.; secret ary treasurer, P. M. Draper, Driver 615, Ottawa, Out.
Allied Printing Tradea Council—R. H. Neelands, Box 06.
Barbers—S, H. Grant, 15)01 7th avenue west.
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424.
lilac ksmiths—Aialcolm    Porter,    View    Hill
P. O.
Bookbinder*—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser,  1161 Howe street.
Brewery WorkerB—Chas. G. Austin, 732 7th
avenue east.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple,
Brotherhood of Carpentera Dlatrlct Council
—F. L, Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Cigarmakers—W.- H.  McQueen,  oare Kurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooka,   Waiters,  Waitresses—Andy  Graham,
Room 1104, Labor Temple.
Deop Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear-
ley,  437 Gore avenue,
Electrical Workera  (outside)—E.   H.   Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical   Workera   (inside)—F.   L.   Eating-
hausen, Room 207,
Engineers—ti.  Prendergaat,  Room   216,   Labor Temple.
Granite   Cutters—Edward   Hurry,   Columbia
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
HorHt'shocrs—Labor Temple,
Letter    Carriers—Robt.    Wight,    177—17th
avenue west.
Laborers—Georgo Harrison,  Room 220, Labor Temple. \
Loeomotlve Firemen and Englneera—0. Howard, Port Coquitlam.
Local Engineers—L. T. Solloway. 1167 liar-
wood.    Tel. Sey. 1846R.
Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J.   Brooks,   Room    211,    Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west,
MustciHns—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806, Labor
Moving Picture Operntors—H. C. Roddan, P.
O. Box 345.
Painters—Geo.   Weston,   Room   808,   Labor
Plumbers — Room     20614.    Labor   Temple.
Phono Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—John James Cornish,  1809 Eleventh avenue East.
Pattern  Makers—J.  Campbell/  4860  Argyle
Street. ' ,
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn,  eare Columbia -Hotol.
Railroad  Trainmen—A.   E.   McCorville,   Box
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,   420  Nelson
Seamon'a Union—W. 8. Burnt, P. O. Box
1865. S
Structural Iron Workers—Room lOl, lnbor
Stonecutters—James   Rayburn,   P.   O.   Box
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street Railway Employees—James E. Griffin.
166 Twenty-flfth avenue east.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province.
Teleuraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 842.
Trades and Labor Council—Miss Helena Gutteridge. Room 210 Labor Tomple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 66.
Tallow—O. McDonald. Box 60S.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo. W. Allln,
Box  711.
Tilelayers   and   Helpers—A.   Jamleson,   640
Twenty-third avenue east.
first and third Thursdays. Executive
board: James H. MoWty, president! HP
Pettipiece, vice-president; Miss Helena Gutteridge, general secretary, 210 Labor Temple:
Frod Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A
tee? Campbell, J. Brookes, tn£
C1L.-Meeta  second  Monday in  tha
month.   President, tt J. Bothel; iwwtttj!
B. H. Nwlands, P. Q. Box 66. ■«»"**
BARTENDERS'    LOCAL   No.   67fl.-01flce,
Room  208  Labor Templt.    Meets  first
Sunday  of  each  month.     I'rosident,   James
Campbell; flnanclal secretary, H. Davis. Box
wi'' *&h».\Hey-^7M; »ftdtai -ecretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, Glebe Hotel. Main atwi
-Directors: R. P. Pettipiece, Jamea
Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wilby, W. J.
Nagfe, F. Blumberg, H, H. Free, Miss Helena
GuttorlcUte, J. Byron. Managing director
Jas. H. McVoty, room 211, Labtf Temple.
at call of president. Labor Temple, Vancouvor, B. C. Directors: James Campbell,
prosldent; J. H. McVoty. secretary-treasurer;
A. Watchman and A. 8. Wella. R. Parm.
Pettipiece, menacing director. Room 217,
Labor Temple.    Telephono Seymour 7495.
Brittah Columbia.
Cranbrook Tradts and Labor Counoil—Secretary, F. McKenna, Watt avenue.
Nelson- Trades   and   Labor   Council—John
Notman, Box 674. t
New Westminster Trades and Labor ouncil—
B. D. Grant, Box 084.
Prince Rupert TradeB and Labor Council—
F. E. Jackaon, Box 108,
Revelstoke Trades* and Labor Couneil—Phil
Parker, Box 468. **■
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—Mlsa
Helena Gutteridgo, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Victoria  Trades  and  Labor Counoll—Frank
Holdrldge, Box 802.
Calgary Trades and Labor Council—J.   E.
Young, Box 1404.
Edmonton   Tradea   and   Labor  ^Council—A.
Farmilo, Box 1493.
Lethbrldge   Tradea   and   Labor   Couneil—J.
O. Jones, 1504—6th Ave. 8.
Medicine Hat Tradea and Labor Council,—
B. W. Bellamy, Box 989.
Moose Jaw Trades and Labor Council—R.
H.  Chadwick,  Box  5B8.
Prince Albert Trades and Labor Council—H.
D. DaviB, 576—5eh~Bt. S.
Regina TradeB and Labor Council—W.  B.
McNeill,   1426  Retallnck  St.
Saskatoon Trades and Labor Council—J. D,
Wallace,  212—81st St. W.
Brandon Trades and Labor Council—W. Busby, 240 Frederick Bt.
Transcona   TradeB   and   Labor   Council—D.
Shea, Box 617.
Winnipeg Trados and Labor Council—R. A
Rigg, M. P. P., Room 14, Labor Temple.
Ontario, '■*>
Berlin Trades and Labor Council—U. St rub,
Weber Apartments,  Young St.
Brantford Trades and Lahor Council, H. J.
Symonds, 115 Cayuga St.
Fort William Trades and Labor Council—S.
P. Speed, 510 N. Brodlo St.
Gait Trades and Labor Council—A. L. Philp
53 Centre St.
Guelph    Trades    and Labor Counoll—Thos.
Hall,  140 Bridge St.
Hamilton Trades and Labor Council—W. U.
Rollo,  Box  823,
Kingston Trados and Labor Counoll—W. H.
Godwin, 14 Nelson St.
London    Trades    and Labor Council—Jack
Lawton, 8 Sycamore St,
Ottawa Allied Trados and Labor Association
—W. Lodge, 21 CreigWon St., N.E.
Port Arthur Trades and Labor Council—A.
F,  Manchee,   116 Jean  St.
Peterborough Trades and Labor Counoil—W.
M. Stevens, Box 928.
Sault Ste Mario and Steelton Tradea Council—R, G. Logan, 849 North St., Steelton,
South Waterloo Trades Council—A. Osaigen,
24 East St., Gait.
St, Catherines  Trades and Labor Council—
Leo. T. Coy le, 138 Church St.
St.  Thomas  Trades  and Labor  Oouncll—A.
R.   Robertson,   92   Curtis   St.
Toronto     District     Labor   Cornell—T.     A.
Htcvonson, 24 Hazel wood Ave.
Wetland  Trades   and  Labor,  Council—W.
Powrio,   Box  23.
Windsor  Trades  and  Labor Council—If. J.
Cook, 88 Marentette Ave,
Montreal  Trades  and    Labor    Council—G.
Francq, 806 St. Paul
Quebec   and   Levis  Trades  Council—Joseph
Clirmont, 88 Petit St., Champlaln.
Sherbrooke    TradeB    and  Labor  Council—
Chas. Dunsmore, 106 King St.
St. Jean Trades and Labor Council—Thos,
Howe,  Box 251.
Three  Rivers  Trades  Council—O.  Lapolnte,
44 St. Phillippe.
New Brunswick.
Moncton Trades and Labor Council—S. G.
Day,  210 HlghAold St.
St. John Trades and Labor Council—F. Hyatt
44  Forest  St.
Not* Scotia.
Amherst Trades and Labor Council—Thos.
Carr, Box 981.
Halifax Trades and Labor Counoll—M, D.
Coolen, 8 Maltland St. .
Sydney Trades and Labor Council—H, Gregory,  Box 418, |
—Meets every 1st and 3rdI TtiMdu
ud Inn. Ship Builder, and H.lpm „<
Amnio, Vancouvor Lode. A. M«Zj5i.K
tat .nd third Mond.,*., 8 im. Preilden,
A. Campbell, 73 Sovontoontl inrnTamt-
...rotary, A. Fra.or, US1 How. .tr°°.      "'
me.t. room 206, LiSor Trail" ...JJ
ileaf'WJiP- /"•i**"-*. »■ wTaSthSH
H  M m™.",'?Mti "■""'dint, .icrotiri
third fc"   J"1*"1! N"' 66-M»«t. tat and
and fourth Friday, ,t g p.m.   p,2ont
J. Molvor: recording s.cretaVy  l.SSSSt-
!____!ni,ry, j, h. ___ """"" •
l± v •■••,••••-•«••«.»«»' ..."*'j„ro
M-,, fr? Woneer D vijlon, No  101—
nX.uiWd "r°rd »S«W
S_____na*Jrhe_°™' A-
ta annual eonvention In January Eiia*
utivooacer., i9l«.l7: Pre.ld.nl "2 HM*
vety; vlce*pro>ldent. — Vancouver J
Brooke., E. rforrjaon;  Victoria, O   Si'vert.*'
(OroW. Neat Valley), 'a. J. Carter',   aecrt
vSSTc.*4' S* W'"1,* *• 5 B" "»"■
L.eo?kii i'IS/o" ""J ,hiti Wedn..d.y,
„ ™ o* ,}*a* ?«v»*-nn>ent atreet, at j
^„uUAP"iim'iJt- ?.■ Well»; "e«re ary F.
Holdrldge, Box 802, Victoria, B. O.
od America, local 7«4, Now W.itmta.t."
Meet, aecond Sunday ol each month at l].o
P.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameaon. Boi 4»8.
5** i« 1*hot Ttmpia  'Mon Suhun
s»wonr ,7«» (utairthtttuimSzfil
*%*$!_-    w""™"-b«™   ""I
WXMsp SKISfe* * """•
Englneera  (.team)-Hoom 2161 E. Prmdel-
Halibut   Fishermen's   Onion—Rua.ell .K....
ley, 187 Ooro avenue.   Offlce Jhon.   s£
Leng.horo,non'» Annotation—Tlioma. N ion,
M.ii? .p°woll sfrootJ phone Soy. 0868.
Mnaintana—H. J. Braahold, Room 805
Sallon—W. S. Burni, 218 Halting, atraat
weat.    Sey.  8703 ,   ™p  ilM"
S"Zi "mK"7 ^■"tJ'-l'eoa-Fred A. Hoover!
SO.rym"rn500n0*1  U"""*-    *"""> *5'«1"°«?
'IJTP^rapMcal-H, H. Neelanda. Room 206.
F,Sl »lM-»g"ld«nl--Jam«a Duncan. Quincy,
Ma...;    ar.nl,.    c'uttera'    Internationii
S°ffl?£»l«o;P">ld™t-;J«me<  O'Connell, of
■oSll«&.prelid!jl~",Jo"Ph  Valentine  of
America        M»W8*,«     union    of    North
F"™* nC„1;prridim'r-?ohn R* Alpine, Chic*
go; United A«.oo!ation of P'umbera.
Sixth   vice-president—H.   B.   Perham,   St.
H..1",;1 ?rd'"' °'B****way Tolegranhera.
,,"*fi0""  """od Brotherhood of Carpenter..
TlilJf «""";: "nf-Willlam Oreen, Ohio;
United Mine Workon.
Treaiurei—John   B.   Lonnon,   Bloominglon,
(i.Sj.JSW".?""?'' ■>' N»rth America.
cl"?J'ZrF,'"'?J'°"l,°'>- Waihlngton,  D.
o.: International Typographical union:
*Vm   RENNIE Co, Limiledi
I IS  IIOMI.R ST.    .   .    VANCOI'V I I'
jA. ■ . ■■ PBIDAY * MABOH 3, 1916
This Beer
"Ik Beer Without a Peer"
differs from ordinary beer
in all the prime essentials
of quality.
Every bottle is brimful of
the nourishing elements
derived from large plump
malt berries — its fragrance of aroma and delici-
ousness of flavor is due to
the exclusive use of the
best B. C. hops.
Your dealer has CASCADE. Phone him TODAY sure, for a trial case.
-6 PINTS for.....50c
3 QUARTS for.. .50c
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops
by Union Labor.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
And on sale at all Liquor Stores in
iB good for nil men; total abstinence is a* matter of expediency for some
men. The total abstainer has no more, right to compel the temperate
man. to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what he neither likes or chooses by force of law.
'Beet is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
Oae*) (or one year's aubacrlptlon to The B.
0"       nrrn   /MnrtO °   FodorBtlonl»t, will be mailed to any ail*
SIIR   I     AKIlS  ■•"*" ■" <-*"*****» tor »10.    (Oood anywhere
*"7 \J MJ. \_/fl.l.\.iVvJ mlMe of Vancouver city.)    Order ten today.   Remit when aold.
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
.Commendable Work by Fred
Hoover and Edmonton Local
Established 1903
Barn Men Now Are Assured
of Protection As
to Rank
Mr. P. A. Hoover returned to Vancouver recently, after an absenee of
several months at Edmonton, where ho
was engaged in his official capacity us
a member ef the international executive of the Street Bailwnymen's organization in the settlement of a number
of disputes arising between the Edmonton municipal street railway employees
and their employers. He brings back
the report that, by careful handling,
the points in dispute were finally adjusted in a manner fairly satisfactory
to the men, and that, in addition, the
Edmonton authorities have agreed to
an amendment to the working agreement, under which the men operate,
which specifically extends the scope of
the seniority rule to the car barns as
well as on the platform, tho point
about which the original differences
arose. ■.
History W Case.
Last November, Supt. Moir laid off
six of the barn men on the Edmonton
lines, giving aB-his reason for their
dismissal the necessity of curtailing
the service. Later the superintendent
presented a report to the city council
on the subject, stating that the men
were laid off for inefficiency. The Edmonton local took up the matter with
the municipal street railway commission
and the city council but could not obtain any satisfaction, and Mr. Hoover
was requested to come and take charge
of the matter,
Arriving at Edmonton and investigating the conditions on tho ground, Mr.
Hoover found that it would be useless
to make further appeals to the city
council as they bad already decided to
back up Supt. Moir's action. He advised that' application be made for a
hoard of concillintion and this application was granted, Mr. W. MacAdam
being chosen as the men's representative and Mr. J, E. Wallbridge, K.C.,
for the city. Mr. Justice McCarthy
was first chosen as the cnairman of the
board but as he was unable to give the
time for the investigation, Mr. Frank
Ford, E.C. took his place.
'Amicable Adjustments Made.
The first session of the board 'was
held on December 23, and about eight*
teen sessions Were held in all before
the final report was signed on Jan. 28,
That the work of thEf board was done
outside as well as inside the place of
meeting is amply attested, however,
by the fact that its report noted the
amicable adjustment between the parties concerned of every point in dispute except one. This case covered
the dismissal of Mr. W. H. Clark, president of the Edmonton local, on
account of a rear-end collision, the
incident taking place ufter Mr. Hoovor
being summoned to Edmonton. On this
case the board recommended tho substitution of a penalty suspension in place
of the superintendent's dismissal.
The amicable adjustment of the di'
fferences is the more creditable to the
men inasmuch as the Edmonton author
ities at first backed up Supt. Mbir fully
in his action when dismissing the men
and later took a strong stand in opposition to the formal statement of the
men, made in connection with the appointment of the concillintion board,
strenousl£ denying all their contentions.
Recommended Reduction of Penalty.
The unanimous report of the board
noted that owing to the amicable adjustment of differences between the
parties, the only case on which it was
asked to present a finding was that of
tho dismissal of W. H. Clark. In this
case it wus found that while Supt. Moir
might have been justified in his penalty
of disn\iagal, in view of the facts
brought forward at the time, the facts
placed before the board were such as to
make it appear that the interests of
justice ;vould be fully met by reducing
the ponulty to suspeiaion until Feb
and the board so recommended.
Tbo chief point at issue in the dispute, that of the recognition of the
seniority rule among the barn men,
was made the subject of an amendment
of the working agreement under which
tho street railwaymen aro employed)
tho agreement being signed by Aid.
Frilh, after the passage of the neces-
wiry resolution by tho city council, and
Mr. Hoover for the employees.
New Seniority Rule.
In tho working ngreoment now gov-
put up in
pint bottles
Factory: 1366-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 285
Est. 1004 Vancouver, B. O.
Trades and Labor Council.
Friday, Feb. 27, 1891.
Alex Bruce, of the Amalgamated
Carpenters, und Oeorge Leslie of the
Plasterers, accepted as delegates to the
Thos. .Salmon, Northfleld, V. L,
furnished names for a labor directory
of the province.
. A letter from F. L. Carter-Cotton,
with reference to pending elections
was received.
Delegate .1. L. Franklin reported for
the parliamentary committee and the
candidature of E. S. Scoullar for the
house of commons was endorsed.
The action of the city council in
amending the city charter to tax
church property was endorsed.
Thos. Hallam, statistician, reported
re state of trado, wages, etc.
erning employment on tne Edmonton
lines the rule ns to seniority reads as
"Sec. 3. Seniority.-—Ench motor-
man and conductor shall be entitled
to hold the run in accordance with
his age in the continuous service
in tbe employ of the department
and preference of runs shall always
belong to the oldest man in con-*
tinuous service, except when in
the opinion of the superintendent
such men are incompetent to hold
such runs."
The amendment to the above section
approved by the council and now forming part of the men's working agreement reads as follows:
"When it is necessary to curtail expenses by laying off workmen -
in any branch of the trades, the
last man employed viill be laid off
first and so on. When employing
a man for service in any of the
respective trades, the man last
off in that particular branch of
trade, if available, will be given
. preference of employment and a
man shall not be considered a new
mnn in restarting.
"Where men in the car burns
have been advanced to any position and in case such men are
affected through a reduction of
force, they shall be reduced to the
position and rank from which last
advanced in preference to being
laid off.
"Seniority lists to be available
to the Association."
The above nmendment is stated by
Mr. Hoover to fully protect the barn
men in the operation of the seniority
rule and to have settled in favor of
the employees the chief cause of tho
dispute for which the federal arbitration board was formed.
AU Individual Oases Settled.
The seniority clause, aB applied to
the barn men, was a question the arbitration board had no power to specifically deal with, but by the adoption of the
amicable agreement of both parties to
the dispute to the question is satisfactorily disposed of, much to the advantage of the employees.
The agreement aB authorized by the
council also covered the disposition of
the individual cases of the barn men
whoso original dismissal brought the
dispute to an issue, tbis settlement be'
ing according to the nmicuble adjustments arranged during tbe sessions of
the concillintion board. It also accepted the finding of the board in. the
case of Mr. Clark.
The outcome of the settlement of the
points at issue at Edmonton is in every
way commendable to the efforts of Mr.
Hoover and the officials of the Edmon
ton local for the protection of the interests of the men whom they represent. '
From Pann's
Potato Patch
In a Quandry.
Dear Parm.: How's the "Putch
coming upT I suppose you are busy
grubbing among tbe stumps and Atones
and sand and things. But take time to
listen fo this. I have made an important discovery, and it may be of great
assistance to the "down-trodden"
working class. Anyway I want your
opinion. Well, it was this way. I was
speaking to my friend McTavish yesterday. First of all I must explain who
McTaviah is. Ho is a political friend
of mine; he works for the city> and be-
gorra he sure has a fine job. He ia a
atreet manicurist, and receives the munificent sum of two dollara und u quar-
tor por day, and after he has worked
two weeks, sure they give him two
woeks fo rest up in (without pay.) But,
to get on with my story. My friend
McTavish says da ye ken laddie the
f)oople in Vnncouver aro boginning to
get wise to tho elections. Snya I, and
how do you make that out, Mc.? Says
Mc, why did yo no seo that thoy elected Macdonald on Snturdnyf Says I,
and what of that; Met Saya Mc, why
havo ye no been reading your papers,
mon, about Bnwsor nnd the Conservative partyl Thoy hnve been stealing
nil our land away from us. Is thut so,
unyn I; well, bogorra, now that's too
bud; but I did not know thai I own-pd
nny land, for my old-timo socialist
friend, Pettipiece, told me that ull the
land and everything of any value had
boon stolen from me long ago by those
gol-derncd capitnlistB, and that if we
voted for socinlism, I would get it all
back again. Says Me., dinno yo believe
those socialists laddie; if we lind socinlism we would all be fighting for onc another's jobs. You tnke my advice, says
Mc, nnd nt the next election you vote
for opposition! thnt'a what we want.
Says I, well Mc, J'11 write niy friend of
thc Potato Patch and see what he
thinks of opposition us a diet. Snys
Mc, romomber it's opposition we want.
Bo golly, says I, it's intelligence we
need, but'it's opposition you'11 have till
wo get it. —The Janitor.
,01d "Dick" Hill, o^ Hyak Canyon,
was up agnin this morning bofore Judge
Jones for "boozing." The judge was
somewhat wrathy whon ho said: "Sir,
you have been here twenty-five times
since Now Year's for being drunk, sir—
for being drunk, sir. .Why don't you
be like me—I limit myself to twenty
drinks a dayf You are, sir, worso thon
a beast. Why do you ffrlnk so hard and
so often?" "Well, yer honor," replied "Dick," "it's jas like this: I
don't drink hard—its easy for me owing to my life-long experience with an
unquenchable thirst." The judge ordered "Dirk" bnck to the "Bkookum
house' '—there to be kept till he stopped
seeing little birds, flowers and such
The Old' Boys huve formed un nsso-
Lively Sparks, Fuse Blowouts and Emergency,
"Bull Pen" Correspondent's
Observations Covering
the Week
Maybe as tbe yoar grows older the
attendance at our meetinga will, grow
larger/ Anyway the number nt lost
meeting was twice ns many as at tbo
mooting two weeks previous. This is a
little more encouraging to the officers
and those members who tako an active
part in the work of the organization.
For the love of mike get wise. Look a
little further ahead than next pay-day.
That "unity is strength," you have
been told times without number, and
this is going to be brought home to the
workers in no uncertain manner in the
near future, and organized labor will
need all the strength it can muster.   *
A man who went to the front had
been promised his job when he returned. In due course the soldier returned,
time expired, and applied for his job
back. He did not get his same job, although he got other work, and the reaaon he got any work at all was because
he was a member of organized labor.
The individual that has the hiring and
firing of the section of the workers
this particular man belonged to mnde
the highly patriotic romark that he
(the boss) was sorry that tje man had
returned at all. How kind and charitable and so Christian-like. Let brotherly
love continue. If Bobbie Burns thought
that "Man's inhumanity to man made
countless thousands mourn," in his day,
wonder what he would aay we're ho alive
at this late date?
Boys, don't worry. Lota of fun com-
irtg, and there will be plenty for all.
The division has granted leave-of-ub-
sence, for an indefinite period, for military service, to the following brothers:
H. Morton, T. Shott, C. A. Ronald, J.
H. Wilcox, R. Gales, J. Conner, W. H.
Miller, J. Gerhen, W. T, Perkins.
"Stan" Moore was also granted leave
of absence for two montbs. Guess
MStan" feeia somewhat run down after
his nerve-racking experience with the
snowplow and sweeper.
A chief justice in Vancouver, last
July, said that it took a strong man to
change his mind; that any weak-minded
person could get an idea under his bonnet, and refuse to change their opinion,
or words to that effect. This being so,
then we have the champion strong man
in division 101.
While employees and employers have
(so we are told) much in common, still
one must admit that when it comes
down to cold hard facts that thore is
sometimes a slight difference of opinion
between them. For instance, the light
in which practical patriotism is viewed
by each side differs somewhat.*'Thetr
respective ideas on this mutter are na
far apart as the two poles. This matter was discussed at our last meeting,
and some of the patriotic employers
would probably not feel quite so comfortable were they fully aware of tbo
feeling of the rank and file on this matter.
Brothors are expected to be famjlinr
with the luws of our association. ' A
new bylaw has been passed governing
th-p working of overtime, and as every
member of the division ia supposed to
receive a copy of The Fed. ouch week,
this ahould be sufficient wnrning. See
the red? J, E. G.
Milk Drivers Winning Ont.
But one duiry company in St. Louis,
Mo., is non-union. The Milk Wagon
Drivers' union, about a month ago,
called a strike in ono of those concerns,
and after a ahort suspension of work
secured on agreement and wage increases. The drivers continued their
campaign' and now only one plant re
mains outside the fold. The union has
secured increases that total about $100,-
000 a year.
ciation and will meet nearly overy night
in the hall over Pete Larson'a drive
shed, whero they will piny checkers and
the irrigation committee will look after,
the rest of the evening's programme,
The Hvnck Canyon Vindicntor says
thoy all should bo Oslorlzefl, and prints
the following touching plagiarism:
I am now sixty one,
My work on earth is done.
Pence should follow after a storm,
Hand me down the chloroform.
Now romly for mull inn
fr-'i* on Amplication. Semi
in your narno and address.
Tbo fjunlfly nf tho flood*
And plants wo carry \r.
stock is unsurpasfiod. Full
tlpscrlpilvo directions for
oil flu worn nnd vogc-t allien.
Start your garden right by
buying Ritchie's Seeds.
Oet our Special Offers on
and Gold Medal Sweet
our  Famous  Irish  Roses
Refined Service
One  Blook  west  of Court House.
Vne  ot  Modern  Chapel  and
Funeral  Parlors free  to alt
Telephone Beymour 2425
A Good Upper
and a Good Sole
Wear a pair of LECKIE BOOTS
and test the wear yoa get from
' them with any pair of boots yoa
havo worn before EEQABDLEB8
oro solid—made from good, honest, substantial leather. They
are strong—durable—and yonr
feet always feel easy and comfortable in them. Thon, toff,
they're made here at home, Nam*
stamped on every pair.   .
Named Shoes are frequently made in Nm-
Union Factories-Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no matter what lti nam*, nnleu tt bears a
plain ud readable impression or this stamp.
All shoes without tbo Union Staofo are
always Non-Union.
146 Bummer Street, Boston, Hus.
3. I*. Tobla, Pres    CJ,. Blaine, l«e.-Trau.
Gibe your
teeth a chance
IP you are fairly equipped, Bndset to work at somo task
you are used to, you can give a good account of yourself.
Don't ask your teeth to work under a handicap, you
would not stand for yourself—what can you expect if you
And do not runaway with the idea that you can keep
on delaying giving'due attention to these important parts
of your digestive process.
Ever stop to think just how important tho digestive
process is—just like grist to the mill—no use bringing it
if the mill cannot grind.
Grinding is the business of your teeth—my business iB
putting your teeth in shape to do the grinding properly,
so that digestion may be right.
It may ba you require a whole set of teeth and a plate
is necessary—but often several teeth may be preserved by
crowning and just as often a gap of two or three teeth
can be bridged.
Solid foil, SJ-kerst
tnt, 50ga. tlilcK-
doii, heavily reinforced; splendid
"Medal of Honor" teeth, the beet
made, only-
Come in and I will
examine yonr teeth;
oo charge, and no
obligation, sod yoa
will know exactly
wbat yon nnd to
pnt tbe "mill" right
por tooth
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St., W.
Cor. Seymour St.
Phone Seymour 3331
Open Evenings, Tuesdays sad Saturdays
Diving exactly tbe
"bite" yeur teeth
should bave, restoring the true facial
expression; "Medal
of Honor" teeth,
tbe best made, only
per set
Vancouver—Ofllce and Chapel.
1034 Oranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3486.
North Vancouver — Office nnd
Chapel, 128—Sixth St. West, Phone
It will take the chill off the bathroom or make the bedroom
comfortable in the morning while you are dressing.
Radient Electric Heat is pure and clean and vitalizing like
sunshine. A small portable electric radiator can be attached
to any lamp socket in any part of the house, and will instantly
throw out a genial heat and bring both comfort and satisfaction. Will quickly provide added heat for baby's bath or comforting warmth for thc sick or infirm.
Costs but a few cents-an hour to operate, weighs only four
pounds, and is durable, convenient and* a comfort bringcr to
the entire household.
Visit any salesroom of the company nnd sec thc various
types of electric heaters in operation; they will both surprise
and please you by their efficiency and ready adaptability.
Carrall and Hastings Streets
1138 Granville St, Near Davie
Phone Seymour
FBIDAY... MABCH 3, 1916
'— MEN P
for $1.00 pair
One you can depend on—its well cut, made of good
material, strongly sewn and with bib and pockets.
You can pay $1.25 for overalls that are not as good
as these. All sizes, per pair $1.00
Granville and Georgia Streets
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products'
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
LUMP, PER TON, $7.50   PEA, PER TON, $5.00
NUT, PER TON, $6.50   SLACK, PER TON, 4.50
0. H. Mumm & do., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whiiky
Old Smuggler Whiiky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland dream Whiiky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog'i Head, Bail and Ouinneii
Oarnegiei Swedish Porter
Lemp'i Beer
0. Preller & Oo.'i Clarets, Sauternei and Burgan-
diei, etc, etc.
Goon   mf™&
Jttwrttmmy'j I
OgiIvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
Labor Will Demand Equal
Treatment with
If Labor Offers Life Then
Capital Must Provide
the Money
[By W. Francis Ahern.]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Feb. 14.—(Special to The Federationist.)—We aro on
tho eve of great doings in Australia.
And the popular position is one in
which we do not quite know whero we
stand. Conscription in somo shape or
form has already been passed in tho
British pnrliamerit, and it looks very
much as if we are to have something
on the same lines in Australia. And,
what is worse still, some sections of the
labor movement, hitherto irrevocably
opposed to the enforced marshalling of
forces, are beginning to waver at the
last moment. The Sydney Trades and
Labor council which some time ago,
as recorded in these columns at the
time, decided to oppose conscription
tooth and nail, is now taking up an attitude of sitting on the fence.
Public Opinion "Smoldering."
And with it all there are serious
smoldorings going on in various parts
of tho country. Among the miners,
both coal and metal, there are strikes
on tho move which may yet become big
affairs. All the men in the metal
mines are likely to come out at any
minute and tie up the manufacturing
of munitions. These men rightly argue
that they have boen sold by the government. All along, the governmont hns
promised them a 44-hour week, and
eight hours from bank to bunk in the
mines. For this reason the men have
made no attempt to got this clause
ratified in their agreements with the
mine owners. Well, the government
brought in a bill, but it was bo hopelessly mangled that they withdrew it
and decided that the matter of concessions to the men could stand over
till the end of the war. What do you
think of that from a worklngman's
parliament, from the mouthpiece of democracy? Well, the men are up in nrmB,
and, as I said above, rightly so.
Where it will end, I do not know. It
may be a general strike, or it may not
bo.   That is for the future.
May Suspend Wage Agreements
And along on top of this comes the
naive assertion on the part of the employing class that the agreements with
the men under the Arbitration court
should be suspended till after the war,
High wages, they say, will demoralize
the country nt a time when "every
energy should be strained to bring the
war to a glorious and victorious conclusion." [I quote this from a capitalist paper. You may bo sure they are
not my own .opinions.] At any rate
the employing class is going cap-in-
hand to the government and asking
for the suspension of all labor awards
till after the war, and it remains to be
seen whether, the government will betray us.
Why Not Enlist?
Most of us ati the present time are
hard at wdt-k filling in the war census
returns, informing the government
whether we will enlist to-day, to-morrow, or not at all. I can tell you it is
rare job, and the government will
get some very peculiar answers. A
great number will object on the ground
that they "havo no desire to take another man's blood, or any desire to
spill their own." Others say, "it is
better to be a live coward than a dead
hero," while others are quite content
to say that they do not intend to enlist even if the enemy was beseiging
tne gates of heaven. On the other
hand, it is significant to note that since
the '' appeals'' have gone out there has
been a great rise in enlistments at the
recruiting bases. The enrolling officers
are working day and night in the big
cities enrolling the men. It is something like the "Derby rush" in England preceding conscription, though an
a smaller scale. A large number of answers are demanding the conscription
of wealth, and more than one labor
paper is asking in all seriousness when
wealth is going to be forcibly used to
carry on the war—without any interest. The official organ of the Australian labor party has this to say on the
Wealth Should Help Fay
"The workers are being asked
to give their lives to the Moloch
of war, and thero is oven talk in
certain quarters of them being
forced   to   make   this maximum
$12.00, $15.00
or $18.00
la yonr limit for
aee what ire have to offer.
Good Variety, New Stylet
The Men's Olothing Centre
1217-1219-1221   Oovernment   St.
and Trounce Avenue
sacrifice. And all the lime the
Shylocks are drawing their fat interest with the one hand, and forcing up the eoBt of living with the
other. Is there any justice—any
semblance, or even pretence of jus*
tice—in this remarkable arrangement? There isn't..Why Bhould
tho workors suffer the infliction
of this lop-sided burden? Why
shouldn't the capitalists be asked
to give their wealth the same way
that tho workers are asked to give
their livesfWhy are they notasked
to give their money free of interest? ..We want to know if they
arc willing to lend their money
free of interest now, at a later
date, or not at all."
That about sums up the whole matter.
And it seems that if the workers
stick to their guns thero will be serious
attention paid to this matter of wealth
for tho war-god. We havo it right in
our power to-day to decide just how
much wealth can be conscripted. Wo
have all the information at our finger
tips, since all this had to be stated on
the recently taken war census.
Tho government, as soon as the
census papers wero classified
nounccd just how many men were
fit, and so on. What Labor wants to
know is just how much money thero is
that can be used. But tho government
refuses to divulge this information.
Naturally we ask: "Why is wealth
Treat Labor and Wealth Alike.
Wo havo had too much of this lopsided publicity. If politicians are
allowed to bawl themselves honr.se ns
to the number of fit men in the country
who should be at the war, wo want
to know just who has money and why
it is not doing yeoman service at the
front also. Things have come to a
sorry pass when human life can be
bandied about on the street' corner,
while wealth is kept behind the veil of
secrecy. It is coming to a sorry pass
if we arc to believe thnt wealth is more
precious than human life.
If it is a fair thing to throw the
human resources of Australia open to
exploitation by the war-god, then it
must also be fair to treat wealth in
the samo way. As both records were
taken at the one time, both rosults
should havo been announced at the
same time. There nro only two
answers. Either Australia has enough
money to mako it worth the while of
tho ownors of that wealth to lend their
money free of interest, or to directly
finance the country's share in the wnr
—either that, or Australia is so miserably poor that all the talk of our
great resources is moonshine. If the
former is the case, then the workers
should be made aware of the fact,
so that they can insist on money being
recruited as vigorously as men. If
Australia, on the other hand, has not
enough money to call up, then the
workers also should bc made aware of
tho fnct.
Whether the labor councils go back
on their pledged words of a few months
ago, ns in the case of thc Sydnoy
Trades and Labor council, the fact
still remains that the rank and file of
the workers nre opposed to conscription tooth nnd nail—thnt is, unleBB
wealth is first conscripted. The nation
aliBntion of human beings, with the ob
ject of sending thom into the trenches,
irrespective of their objection to tak'
ing part in the war, should not be the
first proceedings for the propor conducting of the campaign. So long as
voluntary enlistment brings forth
sufficient number of men to fill the
ranks there should1 be no conscription,
and those who are advocating conscription are doing just what is necessary to damn the volunteer movement.
What will suit England will not suit
Australia, for the simple reason that
our public spirit against being driven
is stronger thnn it is in that country.
Australian Democracy Needs Ment
Truly, the times are out of joint.
When we look around and see bow the
various pledges of the labor movement
have been swept tiwoy as chaff in the
wind, we are bound to seriously think
whether our political sheet-anchor is all
we believed it to be. The mailed fist
nnd clanked spur of militarism has set
heavy on tho land—democracy has
given way to autocracy, till now we
seem to have drifted right back to the
days of old-fogeyism and conservatism.
Outstanding Figure Wanted.
We have no real leader of democratic
thought in Australia, no real deliverer
from bondage to-day. Our political
mainstay seems to have gone down like
a pack of cards, till it gives us reason
to think that after all political control is not what wo desired after all.
What Ib the ubo of our powerful industrial organizations if we are to wake
up and find them honeycombed by political intrigue that, in tho hour of danger, sella the workerB to Moloch.
Calling for a New Shuffle,
Things might right themselves, but
there will havo to be a oomplete reshuffle. In other words there is decay
in our ranks to-day. The rot has set in,
and it will tako strong pulling to set
the matter right. In a future article,
I will deal with tho decudence of the
political party ns I see it in Australia
—for tho present it iB too big a question
to dwell on under this heading. Today ia the timo of strong men nnd
strong action, but now woefully deficient we oro in both these attributes.
Mirnbeau was right when he snid "Men
can be led like rabbits by the earn."
It is a sad concession, and unfortunately, it is true—evon in Australia.
Warm Reception to Visiting:
Brother on Tuesday
Evening Last
Local Owes Much to Untiring Efforts of the New
The Street Railway Employees' In-
Edmonton and Oalgary
General business conditions at Edmonton are reported to be slightly "on
the mend," according to Mr. F. A.
Hoover of the . Street Railwaymen's
union, on his return from the northwest, where he was engaged on the settlement of differences between the Edmonton local and the city council.
Conditions are , reflected in some improvement of the business of the street
railway, although this was possibly due
to the presence of somo 3,000 soldiers
in tho city. Whon these men are despatched "overseas," it was feared that
there would be some curtailment of
the street railway service.
On his way to the coast Mr. Hoover
stopped over at Calgary and installed
tho officers of the recently-organized
streot railway employees at that point.
He reported thot tho union movement
was gaining ground among the employees and had good prospects beforo it.
Neutrality at Hamilton.
The question of opposing prohibition
was laid on tho table at last meeting
of Hamilton Trades and Labor council,
on tho grounds that the council had for
years remained neutral on the matten
A vory pleasant ovening wns spent
at tho I. L. A. hall, 10 Powoll streot,
on Monday evening last, when tho mem
bers of Local 38-52 met to present Bro,
Gordon J. Kelly, their late secretary
and business agent, with a watch and
chain, as a token of their esteem. Bro.
Kelly has quito recently boen elected
secrotary-troasurer of tho entire district, with headquarters at Seattle, but
was in Vancouver Monday and Tuesday, accompanied by District Presidont
Kean, on business connected with his
President Sinclair, of tho local, presided, and in a few well-chosen remarks
extended a hearty welcome to tho visitors.
A musical programme then fallowed,
in which the following brothers took
part: G. McCrae, S. McLean, W. Fra-
sor, F. Langdon, G. Addison, C. Dolby,
W. Gordon, W. Duff, and D. Willfams.
Bro, Ji Mulone presided nt the piano in
his usual artistic manner. Socrotary
Nixon made the presentation, and in tho
course of his romnrks said, in part, that
Bro, Kelly's departure from Vancouver filled a good many with concern
for the future of No. 38-52. However,
they all felt proud that 38-52, almost
the juvenile local on the coast, should
have been selected to supply such nn
illustrious person as the secretary-treasurer of the district, and all were unanimous that tho membership on this coast
mnde no mistake whon thoy 'elected
Gordon J. Kolly to that position.
■ Thc position of this local today is due
ontircly to his untiring energy and aggressiveness, and tho district has certainly been fortunate in securing snch
a pilot.
In replying Bro. Kolly said ho wns
embarrassed by the generous act of tho
members, nnd the splendid reception ac
corded to him. Ho said he was very
pleased with the beautiful present, and
wished to nsBure thom that, although
he was on the other side of tho imaginary line, he would always remain true
to* his flrst lovo.
Tho singing of "For He's n Jolly
Good Fellow," and "Auld Lang Syno
brought the very happy evening to
Spencer's Dry Cleaning Price List
Men's suit thoroughly cleaned and pressed  $1.50
Men's trousers  60c
White flannel and serge trousers for ,75c
Men's fancy vests SOo
Men's overcoats  $1.50
Men's sweater eoats 75c
Ladies' suits in dark colors. $1.60
Ladies' suits in light colors $1.76 and $2.00
Ladies' plain skirts 75c
Ladies' pleated skirts $1.00 Up
Ladies' waists .....'.. ,75c Up
Ladies' plain dresses $1.50 Up
Fancy dresses $1.75 to $3.00
Short jackets $1.00 to $1.60
Long jackets $1.60 to $2.00
Short gloves 15c
Long gloves 26c
Prices on application, and work guaranteed.
David Spencer Limited
(Continued from page 1)
Supt. Jas. Hilton severs his Connections
with B. C. E„ After Four Tears,
On Wednesday Mr. Jas. Hiiton, traffic
superintendent of the B. C. Blectric on
its Vancouver and suburban system,
severed his relations with tho company,
after a term of service of over four
years. While occupying the position,
Hilton necessarily came in close
touch with the men operating the cars.
Now that he is leaving, it can be said
that considerable regret is felt among
the men on account of his departure as,
although compelled to look at situations
from thc standpoint of a company official, he was considered to havs generally endoavored to deal fairly with the
men who were "on the carpet," or
who had dealings with him in connection with matters of a more satisfactory nature. It is understood that Mr.
Hilton will remain in Vancouver for
some time, getting better acquainted
with various parts of the province, be*
fore he looks around with a view to entering the service of another company
Mr. Hilton's duties at the B. C, Electric head effice have been taken over
by Mr. W. H. Densmore, in the capacity
of "acting superintendent.1"
The resignation of Mr. J. M. Dacent,
nf the publicity department of tho B.
C. E. R., was accepted a tew days ago.
Mr. Dacent succeeded Mr. Frank Harris last November. No new appointment has been announced.
Man with Wife and Six Ohlldren Victim of Fernie Accident.
FERNIE, B. C, Feb. 29.—A cave-in
in B mine, North Coal Creek mines, occurred yesterday morning in which
Michael Sikora was instantly killed nnd
his partner, P. Batallato, wns severely
injured. Whilo the injuries of the
wounded man are painful they ore not
considered fatal, and he was brought to
the Fernie hospital, whore he is resting
quietly. Sikora left a wife and six
Local Socialists will Endeavor to Secure
Release of An Alberta Member.
A mass protest meeting will be held
on Sunday evening next, in the Rex
theatre, Hastings Btreet, under tho auspices of Local No. 1, S. P. of O. The
protest is againBt the sentence imposed
upon one of their members in Alborta,
Mr. Roid of Red Deer, who is now imprisoned for alleged seditionnry remarks
some months ago. Mr. J. Connor, the
socialist candidate in Fernle riding, will
be tho speaker of the evening.
Largest ud moat select atock ln
Western Canada. Eaay Terms
and decent treatment, at war
Ume prlcea.
Hastings Furniture CaLtd.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
favored moro thon two men on tho
ticket, and really preferred only one,
That was as far as the Labor mon were
wnrrantod in going nt this timo. He
was ono of the candidates who told Mr,
Hardy ho would not stand unless the
campaign funds camo from wage work*
ers exclusively, and he considered his
opinion .was sound. There had boon
much criticism and talk on tho streets
about the ticket the council had approved, and thiB was bad for the interests
of Labor and the standing of the ticket
in tho public eye. As far as there be*
ing any money passed, he had yet to
seo it. He would not have appeared on
tho Liberal platform, but if Mr. Hardy
chose to do so, that was a question for
him to settle.
Referring to tho Pnrkor Williams
mooting, Mr. Trotter said he had heard
that the Liberals wore planning to run
Mr. Sloan at Nanaimo against Jack
Place at tho elections.- What kind of
treatment was that for Parker Williams
after tho great sacrifice he had made by
appearing at tho Liberal mooting in Labor hall?
Mr. Trotter embraced in his remarks
a plea for tho necessity of grenter interest being taken in tho trades union
movement, und placing tho council in
such a position thut it enjoyed public
confidence and respect. His remarks
in this connection led to somo rather
warm passages between President McVoty and himself, which kopt tho meeting on edge for a few moments.
Proposal for Liberal-Labor Ticket.
Delegate Kilpatrick said he had voted
for Macdonald because he wanted to
smash the Bowser machine for its connection with the coal mine troubles on
tho Island. Personally ho thought a
six-man Lubor ticket was in the interest of the Conservatives, ond it wus a
good idea to drop tho wholo thing. If
the Labor party was launched again it
should be dono outside the council, such
an idea being approved by President
Watters of the Dominion Congress.
After several other speakers had deplored the necessity of dropping the
ticket, but stated that they deemed the
action advisable, President MeVety
took the floor.
Mr. MeVety said he had always favored a six-man ticket. Whon the rumors as to a general election wero in the
air, he had been approached by representatives of the Liberal party. It was
proposed that a coalition ticket be
formed, composed of two Labor men
and four Liberals. Ono of the Labor
men was to be the late Harry Cowan,
and the Liberals were to select the
other. He had promptly refused to con*
aider any such proposal.
Campaign Committee Discharged.
Personally, the speaker said he had
been a supporter of the Socialist party
at the polls for 15 years, and could
show ns straight a record as any in supporting this party. Ho thought last year
that somo combination might be effected which would enablo Labor to show
some real results at the polls. He had
never been optimistic as to tho old parties providing the funds. He had not
aeon any contributions of thiB kind yet,
nnd as ho learned the Liberals only paid
thoir workorB $2 a day, a dollar under
the standard wage, ho didn't think
thero was much going in that direction.
Tho one thing about tho whole Labor
ticket affair which he couldn't under*
stand was how tho chairman of the parliamentary committee could say one
night that ho was opposed to both of
the old parties, nnd yet tho next night
he could be found speaking from a Lib*
oral platform.
After somo desultory passages, the
voto on the resolution was taken with
tho result stated in tho opening paragraph of this article.
The bampaign committee of tho council was discharged, and the question as
to tho continuance of the Labor ticket
in Point Grey and South Vancouver left
for the parliamentary committee to
consider. The secretary waB instructed
to call in tho receipt books distributed
in connection with the efforts to secure
campaign funds, Miss Gutteridge offering tho remark thot the expenses were
in excess of tho contributions.
Mother is a suffragist— .
She states the fnct with pride,
A motorist is father,
And he travels far and wide.
Big Sister Julia laughs at care,
An optimist is she;
While Brother Will's a socialist—
He's for equality.
Wee Sister's a somnambulist—
She walks round in her sleep;
And Cousin Nell's a futurist—
Her pictures mako you weep.
My Uncle Jim's a pessimist
Whoso eroaking never ceases;
And Unele Ike's a specialist
In brain and nerve diseases.
I guess I'm 'bout the only one
Left out in all the list:
But when I'm grown, I'll  write
"Ted Johnson, a farmerlst."
—Helen Metzger,
New — Modern — Fireproof
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under the management of W. V. MOBAN
Room wilh dtt.ehed b«h 11.00 pet tty op
Room with prlv.te b.th 11.50 per dty op
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Oar electric motor ba. meet, ill bolts end trains fre*
LOTUS GRILL—Open Continuously
Music from 6.80 to 8.80 lad 10 to ialdnlfht
Take up these Questions
at Next Meeting of
your Union
in a Body
10 yearly aub. curds $10.
Union Secretaries
Please Notice
Thefo are still a number of
local unlont throughout Britlah
Columbia that have not given
the assistance thoy should to*
wardi The Federatlonist, now
the only Labor paper publlihed
weit of Winnipeg.
Will your organisation plaoa
a eard In our unloa directory,
eosttng only 91.00 per month!
Will your organisation sub*
serlbe In a body to The Feder*
atlonlst at tbe rate of $1.00
each, to be mailed to Individual
addresses f
Will your organisation ap*
point • correspondent to lend
ln union items of interest eaoh
And, by the way: la yonr
union affiliated with the central
labor body of your locality! Ia
your union afflliated with the
D. O, Federation nf Labor! If
not,'what about It!


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