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The British Columbia Federationist May 12, 1916

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Profit-takers Still Cling to
Large Salaries and Five
Per Cent, or More
Br tish Newspaper Excerpts
Give a Line on Trend
of Events
[By W. M. C]
thek uses of economy; but greater
far tho ubuses." An economy campaign is being preached by the I'owers-
That-Bc in Great Britain, to bo practised by the "base-bora." In other
words, it's a case of "Don't do as I
do; but do as I say." Here are a few
samples of how it works out:
Dundee Advertiser: "Sir Georgo
Paiah and C. J. Stewart had an unfortunate experience yesterday—aa protagonists of economy. When they arrived
nt tho Waverley station to proceed by
fail to Dundee they found that the railway company had already given practical effect to their teaching by cancelling, in tho name of thrift, the train by
which they proposed to travel. But the
missionaries of economy, though.they
thus, ns it were, 'hoisted by their own
petard, were not to be baulked ia their
purpose. It was determined that they
Bhould go to Dundee to preach economy,
though it might be necessary to practise
extravagance in doing so. Consequently, a special train was cnnrtered for
tho economists, which cost £14 15s. plus
first-class fares for the travellers.
"Economy" Salaries.
Lord Kitchener speaks at the Guild
hall on economy; but fails to mention
the fact that '■his salary is well over
£0000 u year, or that he intended to
squeeze along on a trille less. Says the
London Times, rather unkindly: "The
Guildhall meeting could hardly bo described ns inspiring, and it was at least
unfortunate thut tho last impression
left on the minds of some of those present wus that of a stream of private
carriages, motor cars and taxi-cabs
driven by men, not iu any obvious respect unlit for militury service, being
marshalled by policemen up to the porch
of the Guildhall to eoavey on thoir vati-
ous ways those whom Mr. McKenna had
"called the 'pioneers of tho economy
movement.' "  Pioneers!   Oh, pioneers]
From the Glnsgow Nows, of 1st inst.:
"Nothing personal enters into the discussion of thc salary of £1750 a yoar
proposed to be given to Uyril Jackson,
ns vice-chairman of the Sailors' and
Soldiers' Pension committer The retiring chairman of the London county
council—he vacates ollice this month—
has hnd a useful career in connection
with public bodies and has earned the
respect of all with whom he has come in
contact. But thero is nothing particularly difficult ia the duties he is about
to assume, and ttt such a timo as thc
present, the emoluments appear to bc
out of proportion to the labor involved." £33 10b, a week, and no deduction
for his insurance money, nor for holidays! Of course, wo still maintain there
arc no classes, nor class-distinctions.
Typical "Economy" Example,
Then the cabinet, tho brainy chaps
who daily rant and exterminate tho 'or-
riblo 'uns, with bayonet, cartridge and
'gus' in and aroand tlio benches in
Westminster—oponed the campaign by
announcing that they would sot an example to the nation; an example thut
would tie all purse-strings in a double-
cinch; an example that would mako
even the sour-faced man from Mars
crawl into his hole, and pull it ia after
him; an example that would make a
Scotch Jew out-Jew himself; to wit, and
behold, they would tako a quarter of
their salaries in war loan stock—at 5%.
In other words,*thcy would lend the nation one-fourth of their salaries, on condition that thc nation could see their
wny eleur to give them 5% for the privilege. Highly patriotic stock, this—
laughing stock, in fact!
Captain of Industry "Economy."
And here is how our worthy "captains of industry" economize on tho nation.
From the Scotsman: "Chartering was
again conducted on narrow Hues, owing
to the dearth of tonnage, und the strong
attitude of owners, who held for further
advances." No restriction hero. Only
i trade-unions restrict business.
Bradford: The somewhat better tone
in thiB market last Thursday has been
fully maintained today, and it is believed that those who have been working
with tho object of bringing down the
value of raw material will lind the verdict of the London wool sales against
them. . . It is acknowledged that
good orders for khaki clothing hnve
been given out, and because of tho scarcity of medium cross-bred wool, top-
makers consider it best to wait if they
cannot get what they quote. A very
nice policy of "watchful waiting," to
be sure.   ,
Government "Economy."
Hansard, 1st March: The government
spends £.17,000 in buying three acres of
land ndjacent to the residency at Cairo,
in case at some future timo it may be
necessary to extend thc presidency
buildings. Economy, at £12,838 1-3 per
acre.   Land sakes, alive!
Then our economical government goes
into the horse-racing business. Accepts
nn offer of u gentleman, nt low figure,
for his establishment and stud: "White
Engle," says Mr, Acland of the board
of agriculture, is worth £15,000, and
"Red Realm" is worth £10,000. The
government spends £07,000 on tho business, and faces nn annual expenditure
of £4000; during the war, thc horses
will bo run undor Lord Lonsdale's colors, and that gent will take half the
winnings. This is another socialistic
Before the war, the secret servico expenditure wfls £50,000; today it is £400,-
000. And we are suro getting plenty of
Beerecy for tho money.
Workers Compelled to Economize.
But here's whero we do economize.
■m4+ ♦+++>■ •♦-»■+♦♦ *f++++-
BUSINESS AGENT BURNS, of the Sailors' Union of the Pacific,
has been hard at work all week pressing the demands of the men
employed on the B. C. coast steamers for better wages and working conditions. Ho reports .that although his right to represent the
men in their negotiations was refused by Capt. Troup, of thc C. P. B.,
he still had the satisfaction of placing their petition before the official
and receiving a reply, though of only an indefinite nature, to take
back to the men. This reply was received in a spirit which showed'
thBt while they were willing to wait a reasonable time for a reply to
their requests >they intended to take a determined stand for what they
considered only just demands. Mr. Burns went over to Victoria last
week and, at that point, secured thc signature of every man on the
steamers whom it was possible to reach to the petition Btated in last
week's Federationist to have been signed by the Vancouver men.
Armed with this petition, be called on Capt. Troup on Friday and presented the men's requests. Capt. Troup asked who his visitor was
and, learning that ho was the representative of tlie Sailors' union, told
him that he understood that he was to meet a committee of bis company's employees. Mr. Burns said thnt such an arrangement was
practically impossible, and explained to Capt. Troup the manner in
which the petition had boen circulated and his instructions from the
THE MACHINISTS' International union has decided., by referendum vote, to hold a special convontion, and an official "call" has
been issued to all affiliated lodges to
send delegates to Baltimore, Maryland, to convene on Monday, June
20. Increased activity among the
metal trades, consequent upon tho
war/has increased the membership
of the Machinists' union by leaps
and bounds, both in the United
States and Eastern Canada. This
has made possible a groat deal of
new organization worK, and, as
might be expected, thc question of
goitig after a general eight-hour
day will receive the consideration
of the convention. The membership realize, too, that these abnormal conditions will let up with the
making of peace, and if they aro to
hold what gains they have mnde, it
will be nedessary to build up a
gigantic defense fund. And this the
Machinists' union proposes to do if
possible. Tho membership will
probably be asked to assess themselves the sum of $1 each for a
period of at least two months,
which will provide sufficient funds
for any emergency that may arise.
The tuuehinists arc alive and active.
That their convention will be a further evidence of the "safety first"
policy of their international executive officers is certain.
Notice Given of Minor Amendments As
Result of Discussion in Committee.
The Workmen's Compensation bill is
now in committee stage. As the result
of the discussions in committeo of the
whole during the week, Mr. Ernest Miller, member from Grand Forks, who is
handling the measure for Premier Bowser, has given notice of a number of
amendments. Theso do not change the
general character or scope of tho bill,
tho majority of tho alterations being intended to make more plain tho meaning
of certain clauses and tho interpretation
of others.
Several of the amendments touch
upon the medical aid clause of the bill.
It is proposed to provide that any medical aid system now in existenco or contemplation which might bo made available, shall meet the conditions of the
bill. Seamen and othors who pay into
a medical aid fund under thc Canada
Shipping act, nre to be relieved from
this part of the measure, and the commissioners aro authorized to contract
for medical aid and agreo on a scale of
fees for tho work.
In order to cnuso employers to foil
the rule of "Safety First," it is mado
compulsory upon thc board to toko tho
risk in certain employments into ac
count when preparing tho scale of as
sessments on the industries. Special
provision is jilso to be made to cover the
cases of men engaged in mino rescue
work, or those voluntarily training for
this work with the consent of the employer.
The question of granting compensation to workers on nccount of accidents
received whilo working outside tho province will restrict such cases to men
who arc still in the service of a concern for which they hudpreviously worked within tho boundaries of the provinco.
Percy Whitworth 111.
Yesterday morning Percy Whitworth,
charter member of Vancouver Typo,
union No. 220, entered St. Paul's hospital for treatment for » very severe at-
tuck of pleurisy, Dr. Hoyes is tho attending physician. \
Driver Smith, O.'IOSO, 110 Battery, Royal
Garrison Artillery, wns kicked by a
horse from a train shortly after leaving
Abbeville, France, and killed. Tho
widow received the following letter
from the record office, Woolwich, on
17th January, 1010: "Madam, I am directed to inform you that, as the accident which caused the death of your
husband was due to his own fault, it is
regretted that yourself and children arc
not eligible for pension from army
funds. Yours faithfully, Oeo. Mns(
captain, for Col. C. R. H and R. F. A.
Yet Major C. J. Hickling, command,
11!).heavy battery, says, iii a letter to
the widow, that "Driver Smith died doing his duty, and his death should bo
mourned as if he had fallen on tho actual field of battle."
The widow has two boys, ono n cripple, who will never bo able to work, and
sho is wandering tho streets seeking
charing work to keep them from the
poor houso. ,
As the nuld Scotch crofter prayed,
'God bo guid tae tho guid Laird o'
Balmaghie, for he never tn 'en muir frne
a puir man than a' he had."   Amen!
Position Explained to Capt. Troup.
Placing the petition beforo Capt,
Troup, Mr. Burns outlined the men's
demands and told him that they were
in earnest ia seeking an improvement in
the conditions under which they were
working. They were not now getting
the wages paid on similar craft operating from the other side of the line and
the working conditions hore wero way
behind thoBe prevailing on steamer's
running from Seattle and other ports on
tho Sound. Tho petition had beon voluntarily signed by every man who could
be reached, and oxpressed their unnni
mous decision on tho matter. If no at
tcntion was paid to their requests, Mr.
Buhis said ho would not bo responsible
for holding tho men.
Capt. Troup snid he preferred to deal
directly with his own employees or re
presentntives from thoir number. Mr.
Burns replied that ho did not caro how
tho matter was handled so long as some
consideration was given to the petition
and a definite answer made.
Aftor some discussion, Capt. Troup
said tho matter was onc on which he
must consult the C. P, R. officials at
Montreal before giving a decision,
Asked as to when a reply would bo received, ho would give only a very indefinite reply, and added that he would
also havo to consult with the representatives of the other companies. Mr.
Burns thea left, saying that he would
tako the reply to the men and leave it
to them as to what action should be
Men Are Determined.
Upon telling the men tho facts noted
above, the general opinion prevuiled
that a reasonable time should bc given
Capt. Troup to receive a reply from
Montreal. Should nothing develop by
that time they would consider what fur
ther action was advisable to secure
their demands.
It is understood that during tho week
the man employed by the C. P. R, on the
Vancouver-Victoria run have beea offer'
ed a slight advance in wages, covering
Sunday work, the intimation being then
given that; the men on the other C. P. R.
runs would not be given any increase.
Mr. Burns says that organization
work among thc men on the steamers is
progressing satisfactorily. They realize
that if they are ever going to obtain
better conditions, now is thc time to
press their demands. Tho recent advance of wages and improvement in
working conditions on steamers operating from Seattle has placed the men on
these craft in a much better position
than thc men running from Vnncouver
aud, with similar conditions prevailing
at the two ports, they believe they
should bo t rented equally ns well. It is
believed that there are many men accustomed to the work on the boats who are
now follow! ng\0th or lines because of the
uninviting prospect offered them on
steamers operating from Vancouvor.
Comment of Sailors' Official Paper.
Thc Coast Seamen's Journal, published at Sau Francisco, aud the official
organ of tho Sailors' Union of the Paei-
j lie, takes an editorial crack at the situation in British Columbia, under the
heading, "Forcing the Issue," as follows:
"In striking contrast with the almost
universal acceptance of collective bargaining by shipowners iu California,
Oregon and Washington, the shipowners
of British Columbia have absolutely refused to negotiate with the Sailors'
union's authorized representatives.
"Of courso, whoa wo bear in mind
the past performances of these British
Columbia labor skinners, nothing else
was expected. Several years ago thi;
organized seamen of British Columbia
were practically forced to submit several very modest demands to a board of
conciliation which was formed under
the provisions of the notorious Canadian Industrial Disputes (Lemleux) net.
This Lemieux act, by the way, was especially designed to forestall strikes and
lockouts upon the theory thnt both parties to a dispute will prove amenable to
"Notorious" Lemoeux Act.
"But in actual practice the 'theoretical' law did not work out that way.
Certainly not with the greedy gentlemen who control the destinies of the
Canadian Pacific Steamship company.
For when the board of conciliation (on
November 20, 1010), rendered its findings mainly iu favor of the seamen, thel
Canadian Pacific Steamship company
simply ignored the decision and continued its 'scientific' labor exploiting]
"So much for the past contemptible
but doubtless eminently rospoctublo
conduct of British Columbia shipping
interests. In the present instance it
can bo proved that tho crews on all vessels operating in adjacent American
waters already enjoy bettor conditions
of omploymont than arc now being
asked for by the senmen in Vancouver
and Victoria, Yet thc shipowners of
British Columbia have again refused to
'grant an audienco' to tho ropresonla-
Act Only Works One Way.
lives of thoir organized employees.
"Under the terms of thnt charming
Lemieux act, tho seamen of British Columbia aro not 'supposed' to go on
strike until thoir grievances havo been
submitted to a board of conciliation.
But why should workors bo oxpoctcd to
submit to another such farcical proce-
Too-Late After Next Monday to
Oet It Put Back—Act
This Week.
Tho court of revision bpens in
Vancouver on Monday, May 15.
Over 18,000 names now upon tho
voters' list havo beea objected to
and are linblo to bc stricken off.
Yours may be among them. Make
it your business to see that this is
not dono.
Go to the court house at once
and attend to the matter. Ro-
member, this is not a matter to bc
safely delegated to nny ono else.
Attend to it yourself, and do
it now.
Also make it your business to
call tho attention of others to the
necessity of doing likewise.
Will Advise Labor Congress
That It Is Opposed to
Reports of Unions Gives a
Line on Outlook in the
Royal City
regular semi-monthly meeting of the
Trades aud Lnbor council, last night,
was better uttended than usual, which
shows thnt there is an active interest
being taken in the movement to get the
representatives of Labor in the muni'
cipal offices to look after tho workers1
welfare. Geo. Bacon, Cigarmaker's
union, was received as a delegate and
seated. The following delegates were
added to the parliamentary committee:
Sangstcr, Downs, Gunn, Bacon, Parlett,
Bond, Harker and Holbrook.
Opposed to Conscription.
The circular from the Trndes and
Labor Congress of Canada, asking how
far the workers were prepared to go
to oppose conscription, received a great
deal of discussion, as there wore some
of the delegates who thought that a
general strike would be disastrous nt
tho present time, but as it was found
that a simple protest would do no good
it was decided, after a divided vote
hud been taken, that we would oppose
conscription in any form to the fullest
extent of our ability.
Reports of Unions
The reports of unions showed u fairly
satisfactory state of affairs as most
of the men in town hud some work,
tho worst condition being among the
cigarmakers, who had only three men
working, but who reported that there
was several jobs for eigurmnkers at a
new factory in Stettler.
In reply to a question, the bartenders
stated that the matter of forming an
Equnl Rights League in New Westminster would receive attention at tho next
meeting of the union.
The Electrical Workers reported that
the strike on tho city job was still on,
but that they had some evidence hy
which they expected to get the principal
strike-breaker deported, and if they succeeded ia doing so they might bc ablo
to do someuiing toward tho settlement
of tho strike.
Tho Street Railwaymen have a committee busy making arrangements for
the holding of a smokor aad concert
in the near future, and if it is as successful us tho last one held it will well
repay anyone to attond it. At the last
nieeting of Division 1,'I-i the union decided to make aa effort to have an efficiency ordnunco passed which would provide for the examination of men before
starting work as motormen or conductors iu tho city.
The improved conditions in the labor
mnrkct has resulted in the mills losing
a great many of their mon as it is difficult to hold mon iu jobs at the rate of
pay the mills aro willing to give.
(InoiT;T^r)^   $1.60 PER YfeAR
"*■♦♦♦+• -M-f-C-f -M-H-f* "-H-m-
ALTHOUGH THE CONFERENCE of thc committed from thc
Milk Wagon Drivers' union and representatives of the Vancouver dairies failed to reach the settlement which was expected
when The Federationist went to press last week, the men have made
distinct progress during the present week, a number of the dairies
having signed the agreement, and are now .operating under strictly
union conditions. It is expected that the steady work which tho individual members of thc union are doing in the lino or persuasion of
customers along their old routes as to the justice of their case will result in other dairies being brought into line within the next few days.
The dairies which have signed up and aro now operating under
union eohditions are as follows:
Union men should look over this list and see whether their milk supply is being obtained from one of these dairies.
The striking drivers went back to work last Thursday night, after
arrangements had boen made for a friendly conference with thc men.
This arrangement was made with a committee from the union and was
naturally taken as a tacit recognition of that organization in accord
ance with the terms of the draft agreement submitted.
Another Screen Favorite
.Mr. K. *T. Huttlimnyor, operator ut
Colonial theatre, and business agent of
Local No. 848, announces the arrival,
yesterday afternooa of a son.
dure wliea they know beforehand that
tlieir employers will ignore the decision
if it goes against thom?
"Surely here is u case where the ship*
iwnors' greed is running counter to
every consideration of public interest.
And if a tie-up of British Columbia
shipping should be tho Until outcome wo
want the public and the press in all
Canada to know that it was thc despicable attitude of the shipowners rather
than the work of tho 'agitators' which
forced the seamen of British Columbia
to use their one remaining weapon—Ihe
SUNDAY, Mny U—Stage Em-
ployoosj Musicians) Brother-
hood Locomotive Engineers.
MONDAY, May 16—Bollornmk-
ers; IJloctrlctil Workers No. 13j
Brewery Wurkers.
TUESDAY, May Ki—Carpenters;
Bookbinders; Railway Firemen.
THURSDAY, May 18—Maintcn-
nnco-of-waymon; Trndes and
Labor council.
FRIDAY, May 10—Railway Carmen : Molders.
Recognition of Union Refused.
When tho conference was held, it was
found thut the dairy owners had decided that they wonld not in any way recognize the anion. As this wns the vital
point of tho agreement, nnd one which
the committee thought had already been
covered in connection with the arrangements for the conference, all other eon-
cessions which might have beon obtained through the meeting were of no
As one of-the members of the committeo points out: "Once the men returned to work -without any recognition
of the union, their only source of protection,'it is reasonably certain that
within a short period every member of
the union would have been quietly dropped for ono reason or another. Having
got rid of these mon, the dairies would
be in tho position of falling buck to the
old working conditions nnd the men,
with no organization to support them,
would have been compelled to accept
the conditions laid down by their employers. That was a situation we did
not expect to face at the conference.
When it was put up to us, thero was
nothing for the committee to do but to
leave the meeting and continue the
Offer to Arbitrate.
"We offered to hnve the question
settled by n friendly appeal under the
Lemieux aet, but the employers refused
to consider this proposal. The offer was
renewed through the daily press and is
still open, but, so far, thc dairies hnve
shown no inclination to settle the dis-
put in this matter.
The tie-up of the dairies on Saturday
and Sunday was practically complete all
over the eity. On Monday the dairies
put out n few rigs and the union saw
jthnt each rig was accompanied on its
rounds by one of its members who put
up to the customers, houso to house, the
"unfair" conditions under which the
milk wns being delivered. Missionary
work of this character had good results,
and many housewives refused to take
milk under theso conditions.
Other Unions Helping.
The correspondent of tho Street Railwaymen 's union states that the case of
tho Milk Wagon Drivers wns considered
by the officers of tluit large and powerful organization, the result being thut
the street car men unanimously decided
to take up the cause of their fellow-
workers and demand that milk served
to their households be delivered by
union men. The ofilcinls of the drivers'
union state that this strong endorsement wus of great assistance to them
when denling with tho proprietors of
tho dairies, and that similar work of as
strong a character by other unions
would further nssist them.
Situation at Present.
The situation at the present time is
that five dairies have .signed up with
the union. The other dairies arc operating a partial service with missionary
work of a telling character being done
among the customers by union drivers,
who follow up the rigs and state their
ease to the housewife. These dairies
are alsp delivering diminished supplies
us thc result of unionized dairies taking
their trnde during the days of the tie-
up aud the inability of the new mea to
cover routes in a dny which tho old
drivers were able to cover in a part of
a night.
Resort to Police Court.
.1. Anderson, president of thc union,
was summoned in the police court on
Wednesday, charged with the theft of
his route book. Mr. Anderson admits
that ho has tho baok, but claims that it
is Ins property, as he paid tp his former
employer all accounts represented by
the book, aud that it is the oMy record
he hns on which ho can collect tho
charge accounts for which ho has made
advances to the dairy. Mr. .1. W. DeB.
Farris appeared for Mr. Anderson and
the case was adjourned until today.
Provincial List Will Bo Finally Closed
Next Monday.
Readers of The Federationist who
havo not made certain that their names
are Included on the new provincial voters' list, should get busy at once, ns
tho court of revision sits at the court
house on Monday next, al 10 a.m. After
this session it will be impossible to
change tho list.
The rovisrd list may be seen at the
ourt Ihiuso or at the committee rooms
f either political party. If the mime
of the enquirer litis been protOBtfld without due cause, a form may be filled onl
which states thc facts of'the case, and
thus secures enrolment or restoration on
the list.
The work of the political parties in
connection with tho list will practically
close on Saturday night. Parties who
tile forms at these headquarters need
not attend thc session of thc court on
Monday, as Iheir interests will bo looked after. On Monday the only method
of meeting the conditions is to make a
personal nppcarnnce at tho court.
in viow of the fact that over 18,000
names on tho old list havo been protested and that, since the last revision,
many wnge workers luivo chnnged their
place of residence, it is highly important for every trades unionist to make
certain whether his name is on the new
Looal Industrial Conditions Forcing Choice of These Two
Drivers' strike on; the cout
steamship employees seeking better
terms; the machinists conducting
an organization campaign; the
walk-out of nearly the full complement of the Niagara's crew; the readjustment of employment among
civic employees; the license commission still discussing the question of barring Orientals from employment in hotels; no less than
three new unions under way; the
new Workmen's Compensation nt
up ln committee at Victoria, and a
general discussion of industrial conditions arising out of what employers are pleased to term "war
measures," the officers and active
workers of the local organised lahor movement have had an Interesting week.
"It's a little touch of old times,"
said one of the business agents to
The. Federationist this morning,
"Working conditions and wages
have become so rotten that there Is
no alternative. The few white
wage-workers left in the province
must organize and fight back or get
out of the country and leave it to
the Orientals and 'alien' bohunks.
The 100 per cent, trade unions have
shown the way. Tho unorganised
must emulate them and lose no
time.   There is no other way."
Com. Kearus Making a Becord As Absentee at the Board Meetings.
The attitude of tho license commission on thc quostion of the employment
of Orientals in connection with licensed
premises is still an unknown quantity.
Meetings of tlie commission have been
held, but Com. Koams hus always been
an absentee when this question threatened to come up, so thc innttcr still remains ut u deadlock, awaiting n full
board meeting. 8omo Irudo unionists
uro wondering whether such n meeting
will bo held before the dntc of thc provincial elections.
Bridgeport Machinists' Local Beport a
Becord Increase.
Organizer MeCullum of thc International Association of Machinists, 1ms received a letter from Bdltor Hewitt of
the Machinists' .lourtiul, which states
that at a recent meeting of Looal .'Id,
in Bridgeport, 1000 men were initiated.
.Mr. MeCullum believes that this constitutes ii record for increase of membership nt n single mooting, thc highest
previous record he reculls being ltlflO.
The accession to tho rnnks ut Bridgeport illustrates the active organization
work uiniing machinists which is now
going un in the oustern slates.
Sccuro New Newspaper Scale Carrying
Wago Increase.
The lust meeting uf Winnipeg Typo,
union adopted thc new nowspnper scale;
which gives members a 50 cent increase
per year for two years. The new scule
went into efVert on JIuy 1, uiid includes
machine operators und iloonnon working
in tlie three newspaper office's. The new
scale is ns follows: Day, lirst yoar,
$20.60; secnnil veur, *f'-7; night, lirst
your, JI2&.60; second year, $30; The new
scule menus nn iltcrOnsO in wngOS uf
$10 for the two years thai the employers will pay members of 101.
Not as Partners But Deadly
Enemes In the Fight.
for Life
The Absolute Command of
Industry the Goal
of Each
Victory for Organized Sailors.
Afton lengthy conferences tlie shipowners operating from Ran Frauciaco
havo granted praetieally all tho demands of the throo Pacific district organizations of tho International Nen-
inon'a union. Thia agreement, which
was reached without any walkout or
.strike, gtvOB tbo mon an avoragO wage
Incroaao of about Ml per cent. The
tigroomont also secures working conditions for tho mon for which they have
long boon Btriving. The Coast Seamen's
Journal points oat that the men socarcd
this victory solely ijecuuso of the
strength of'thc organization which presented thc demands.
WAB LORD?, CZARS, kings,-kaia-
era, emperors, proBidents, capitalists, captains'of induatry, employers and
labor-skinnerB rule tho world. For
thousanda of yeara thoir brigand ancestors have held aimilar sway. Their glorious reign has at last been brought to
tho climax of its flower and fruitage,
thunks to their wisdom and ability to
rule over the destinieB of men. The eminently pleasing and soul-satisfying display of the Christian virtues of faith,
hope, charity and love, the living exemplification of the doctrine of the "fatherhood of God and tho brotherhood of
man," and tho wholesome affirmation
of the precepta, "love thy neighbor as
thyself," and "do unto others as ye
would that they Bhould do unto you,"
now being staged under ruling class
direction in Europe, should smother all
doubts as to ruling dnss wisdom, and
silenco all criticism of the motives and*
morals of rulers, Sole credit for this
splendid production should not be given
to the ruling bunch now living. Had it
not been for the excellent spade work
done by those who have ruled and robbed before them, it would have been
impossible for our present rulers to have
pulled off such a magnificent display of
the. supreme achievement ln civilization
aad culture of which a ruling class is
capable. As rulers und robbers, the pre-
sont-day type is not one whit behind ita
illustrious,ancestry, either iu wisdom or
efficiency. That is has uecomo so tangled up in a veritable cataclysm or rapine, slaughter und destruction, ua to
seriously threaten the final collapse of
class rule, only goes to show that robbers cannot always be depended upon to
divide their plunder without quarrelling. Even this, however, ncod not bt
considered as any reflection upon the
ability and efficiency at their particular
trade. •
Tbe Business of the Capitalists.
Laying aside all reference to titular
rulers, or heads of government, and
coming down to tho real power that lies
behind them in the more advanced civilized states, capitalist proporty 'rules
the world. All that is meant by the
term, rule the world, rs the rule of tho
working class of tho world. To rule is
to rob. Robbery is the physical expression of, rule. Therefore, to rule and
to rob, ore synonymous terms. They
both meun thc same thing. There is nothing else on earth that it ia worth
while to rule, outside of the workers.
As they produce all of the wealth of the
world, and payment can bo mado in no
other coin, there is nothing else on
earth that ctm pay for being ruled, except the working class. It is not a
matter of record that rulers uro any
more inclined to do business for nothing than anybody else.
Capitalist property rules tho working
class for tho purpose of getting us much
profit out of the business as possible.
That is the sole business of capitalits,
and right well do they look after it.
They never waste any time boosting the
interests of tho wonting cIusb. To bo
guilty of such folly would be to neglect
und even destroy their own business interests. Tho interests or cupltal lies in
holding the working cluss in closo subjection to the process of exploitution
and extracting tho maximum of profit
out ol thc undertaking. Capital has no
interest in the workers beyond that of
skinning profit out of them. It is unhampered by nay moral consideration
or humanitarian impulse. Its operations
cannot, be successfully conducted by
men who ure weak enough to allow tiny
sentiments of humanity and decency to
Influonoe their business Judgment. Capital is said to have neither "soul to
save, a heart to feel, nor a body to
kick." All of tho great, dominant in-
lustries of the world wear the garb of
capitalist property. By this token tho
capitalist ('lass holds absolute dominion
over thc working clnss. Its business
and that of its horde of flunkies, apologists, attorneys. licksplttTes and pnrasi-
tic vermin is to maintain that hold und
continue the rich stream of revonuo that
nvs into its coffers.
The Business of tho Wonting Gloss.
From the standpoint of race usefulness, tho working class comprises the
only useful portion of human society,
lt produces all of thc foO(L clothing,
shelter and all other things that make
continued existence possible. The workers aro tho only things on earth that
can produce vah/es, us expressed iu
terms of property and exchange. They
are, therefor.', not only the source of
this value, but the actual value itself.
They, ulone, aro nil there is to tho
world's boasted wealth and property,
that runs up into countless billions of
dollars, when expressed In terms of the
market. The business of tint workers
up to the present has been to produco
wealth for their masters and then to
take all kinds of pains to see that they
did not keep too much Of It for themselves. This might loua some to think
thom lacking in wisdom, but as stupid
as the workers may be, the fact still remains, that whatever knowledge thero
is in the world that is of nay valuo to
human society, lies solely in tho heads
of these same workers. Every move
that humanity has made along the pathway of progress, since primitive mnn
lifted himself above the lower animal
world by becoming a tool-making and
tool-using animal, has not only beon
mado pussible by tho workors, but over
since slavery wus born, it has dovolvod
upon them to force the advance, against
all tho powers of ruling class reaction.
Thc rule of capitalist property has long
sinco becomo an unsuffcrnble nuisanct
in tho pathway of human progross. It
no longer conserves any legitimate hu-
(Continuod on page 4) PAGE TWO
FRIDAY. May 12, 1916
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Published evory Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Federatlonist, Limited
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Offlce:    Boom 217, Labor Temple
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Subscription:    $1.50 per year; in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
New Westminster \V. Yates, Uox  1021
Prinoo Rupert W. E, Donning, Box 531
Victoria A. .S. Wells, Dos  1538
"Unity of Labor: tlio Hope of the World"
PHI DAY May 12, 1910
THE PEINT1NO mid distribution of
100,000 copies of tho lindiuga of
the  United States Commission on
Industrial Relutions and 10,000 sets of
thu testimony and exhibits brought out
any revenue, or make their lot as slaves
any easier, is concerned, the workers
arc most decidedly not guilty. Even us
lo food, clothing and other actual necessities, it is a well-known fact that the
by the commission at I workers arc at uo time in possession
THE its hearings of 1914-
DISTRIBUTION 1915, has been sanc-
OF WEALTH. tioned by tho action
of congress and tlie
president. Tlie results of this searching
and fearless inquiry into economic and
industrial conditions is thus to bc inudc j produce all the wealth of the nation.
available to thc American people.    Iu *       $       *
thc (hidings of tho commission there is j    The report of tho commission finds
enough to cover their needs for moro
thnn a few days, or weeks,,at the most.
And yet these very workers, these
"poor," along with those in thc small
property class just above them who tako
active part in the industrial process,
ACCORDING  to the editor of the
London Economist, tho new con
scription bill is stirring uy some
apprehension among business men aud
foremen and managers of industrial and
commercial   concerns.
ARE It seems some thous-
BEGINNING amis of this class will
TO SQUIRM. be called to the ser
vice if the bill passes.
It is all right to have common working-
men called to do duty ut the glorious
calling of blood and butchery, but when
these '' better class'' gentlemen are
called, thc shoe is on the other foot. So
long as they muy remain sufc at home
and, probably, drawing down as great,
or even greater revenues than in times
of pence, they may bo depended upon as
great shouters for war. But when the
scene shifts and they are threatened
with thc probability of beiag forced to
face the deadly music of war, it is a
safe bet that many of them will squirm
like stuck 'pigs. Much of the glory of
war vanishes upon too close nn approach
to its realities and the value of having
their own names inscribed upon the
roll of honor," becomes a minus quantity to these disciples of business, bc-
ause it cannot be expressed in terms of
the ledger und cash book.
gathered, not only much food for
thought, but a great deal that may
servo us u vuluablc guide for future
aetion by the workers and all others
who would see human society raise itself to a more decent and wholesome
level of existence.
*       *       *
After examining more than 700 witnesses, drawn from all walks of life, the
commission iinds that the "rich," con*
thut one of tho causes from which industrial unrest springs is the "unjust
distribution of wealth." From the .figures already given heroin, H would seem
thut it is even worse than Mint. Surely
any arrangement whereby Ihe producers
of all wealth are unable to get possession of but five per cent, of it, could
not be termed, either "unjust distribution," or any kind of distribution. It
would  be no distribution nt nil, just
stituliug but two per cent, of the popu- j merely a wholesale robbery, leuving no-
lution, own sixty per cent, of the wealth j thing but a few crumbs for the victims.
not for any class of tho peoplo.
Clean, newsy and bright—a newspaper you can trust. THE SUN
upholds tho principle of governmont by tho people.
KEEP IN TOUCH with the
news of the day by roading THE
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within the Postal Union. United
States, SOo. per month.
City and business men are also said
to bc beginning to discuss the pros and
cons of peace. They are even hinting
at tho advisability of settling matters
by tbe restoration of Europe us it wus
before the wur, of course, however, with
guarantees against future outbreaks of
militarism. JuBt what vuluo may be
ensonably expected to attach to Euro
penn gunrantees has long since been
fully demonstruted. The surest guarantee that could be given no doubt lies in
such complete exhaustion and insolvency
as to mako it impossible for any of
theso nations to continue their military
and "naval armaments. The growing
dunger that lurks in the financial situation is becoming a Veritable nightmare
to the politicians nnd so-called statesmen. Debt and inconvertible currency
is piling up to such magnitude as to as-
sumo positively staggering proportions.
There must come such n crash eventual'
ly, as will shnke the present regime of
property ond industry to its very foundations, evon if it docs not cause its
complete collapse,
From other quarters than London
signs may be noted thut go to show
that at least some interested parties
havo about been fed up on this game of
war. Rumors oro becoming more and
more frequent ond persistent that no
less a person than tho German "war
lord" himself, has had almost onough
of this delightful game that was supposed to be his most dearly loved hobby.
When supremo war lords themselves become so satiated with blood and carnage that they begin to squirm with
fear of the future and throw out feel
ers for peace, while the financial world
is trembling on the brink of its own
bankruptcy, it begins to look as though
the calling off of the bloody game would
be imperative in the near future, if war
lords and financial kings arc to save
their dynasties from utter and complete
collapse. But what of the workersf
How are they to fare when the "war
drums beat no longer and battle flags
nre furled?" What is to be their portion when they return to civil life only
to find industry so disorganized and
crippled as to make it impossible for
them to pick up the threads of peaceful
life so rudely broken by the war? It
will then be their turn to squirm and do
it good and plenty. They will havo
thousand and ono of their old battles
against their brutal masters to fight
over again. Thoy will have to struggle
as they nover struggled before to lift
themselves out of the misery that war
of their masters own making shall havo
heaped upon thom. Yes, they will squirm
aad lot it be hoped they squirm to some
purpose. Let it bo hoped that they have
so completely lost' reverence for rulers
and ruling class institutions that they
will henceforth bend nil their energies
to the struggle of tho working class of
the world against thc capitalist class of
tho world for tho complete control of industry nnd its products by tho workers.
Thnt will mnke the masters squirm
somo more. But we should worry. Let
them squirm.
of tho nation, uud the "poor," representing sixty-five per cent, of tho population, own but five per cent. The small
business and small property-owning
class, being possessed of only moderate
menus, can neither bo classed as rich
nor poor. Theso findings uro very interesting, oven though wo go no further,
but tho moro closely they aro examined,
and tho more persistently they are followed up, thc moro interesting they become. They uncover nn exceedingly
rotten state of affairs und afford overwhelming evidence of tho baneful and
deadly effect of capitalist proporty and
rule upon tho physical and moral well-
being of mankind.
* * *
An analysis of thc wealth hold by tho
various sections of the population referred to, discloses u mnrked difference in
the nature or character of that wealth,
in each case. The wealth of the '' rich''
coasists of shares, stocks, bonds, mortgages and similar evidences of capitalist
property rights, from which the bonefi-
cinriob draw down revenue with no
greater effort on their part than drawing their breath. The control of the
great industries, the transportation
liaes, the huge distributive agencies,
the banks and the press, which is covered by these puper titles, gives these
big "rich" absolute dominion over all
who depend upon smallor proporty, or
their lubor for their existence. This
dominant, or ruling class, constitutes
the capitalist clnss, proper. Its sole interest lies in holding on to its property
rights and perpetuating its existence, at
the expense of whatever social strata
may lie beneath it. It in no manner
aids in production, but, on the contrary,
is a drug upon it, to the extent of whut
ver it absorbs from the social product,
either for its own sustenance or for the
iucrease of its capital. The real capitalist class is purely parasitic.
* * *
The wealth of the small property
owning clnss takes on less of tho characteristics of capital, and presents itself
moro in tho nature of means of production by nnd through which the owners
I hereof employ themselves nnd convert
their energy into wenlth, either for
tlieir own use or for sale in the market.
At the upper end of this class its members approach more and more closely to
the status of capitnlists. The larger
tlieir property interests and the greater
the number of workera they aro able to
exploit, the more loyal are they to the
cnpitnlist regime nnd the more zealous
in its defense. At the other end this
class gradually loses the last remnants
of its capitalist character and shades off
into that of the working class. No
matter whether tlieir holdings bo minute or of moro genorous proportions,
the position of these small property-
owners is, by no means an enviable one.
This class is always nt the mercy of the
big dominant interests above it. Its
one-time boast of independence has long
sinco become an empty one. The dny
of small property in tho means of production hns passed. The doom of small
production hns been sealed. Its sceptro
has passed tn the hands of gigantic production under the command of great
aggregations of capital. Its former
beneficiaries nro slowly but surely sinking into the ranks of the wago and salaried dependents of capital. Small property in the means of production instead oft being, as at ono timo, n budge
of independence, hns become a delusion
nnd a snare. A delusion bocauso it forever fosters tho hope of a rise to affluence, a hope that becomes moro and
moro impossible of realization as tlio
development of capitalism goes on. A
snaro because it blinds its victim to tho
certainty of ongulfment in that slough
of misery and dospond that hns been
especially prepared for he who has too
little property and ho who hns none.
It isn't much of a wonder that there are
somo slight indications of industrial unrest ns u consequence of such reckless
marauding as that.   And when wo take
note of the fact thut there never was u
working class of nny land more productive thnn that of tho United States, nor
a master class  that over attained  to
such fabulous fortunes us have tho capi- *
tulist high-pirates of that national slave
plantation, aad that, too, in so short a
time,  wo  are  prono  to  wonder   how
much longer the sixty-live per cent, of
"poor" people will need to have it rubbed into them before thoy will become
afflicted with something moro dangerous und threatening than just merely industrial unrest?   If there was anything
even approaching an equitable distribution of the wealth   produced   by   thc
working class of the world, the burden
of actually gorging the members of that
precious two por cent, of "rich" with
the best of grub, rugging them out in
purple und lino linen that would mako
royalty turn green with envy, housing
thom in palaces at least good enough for
them and providing them with all other
necessary facilities for wasting their
useless lives in idleness and debauchery,
would be of such little cousequenco to
the working class as to mako it scarcely
worth  while  to bother about kicking
them into tho gutter in order to get rid
of thom.   But to keep thorn as thoy are
being kept now, is rapidly becoming in-
tolcrnble.   It is a burden that cannot
much longer be borne.   Thc only legitimate and reasonable purpose lying behind tho production of wenlth is that it
muy be used for the comfort and happiness   of  those   whose   labor   brings   it
forth.   It ia the workera who produce
all wealth.   It is up to tho working
class to become master of that wealth
to thc end that it mny bo so distributed
amongst its members  us  to  best  conserve their highest and best interests.
The working class must rise lo the mastery of the capitalist state and use its
powers to assort the mastery of labor
over industry and ita products, so that
they who produce may eat thereof; they
who build may inhabit nnd thoy who
weave mny woar.   In the United Stntes
tho pathway leading to the conquest of
the public powers, is a comparatively
eaay ono.   Thc workers have the franchise.   As thoy outnumber the "rich"
many to one, the victory is theirs whenever they become wise enough to act
along the lines of their class interest.
When they put us much zeal into the
furtherance of tho political nnd economic fortunes of their own class aB they
hnve   hitherto   expended   in   boosting
those of their capitalist musters, the
problem  will soon bo solved  und  the
hosts of lnbor sot free from the domination and robbery that keeps the workers
"poor,"   while   thoir   rulers   become
"rich" beyond compare.    There  will
never be a proper distribution .of wealth
until   labor   becomes   tho   distributor.
That ia a proper distribution, from tho
atiindpoint of the workera.   And from
what other standpoint aro we justified
in considering the matter?
J. Rnmsny Macdonald, M. P., Bays the
policy of crushing Germany economically, "can bo pursued only by outraging tho moral sonso of the wholo of
civilization." Civilization spells slavery, and its moral sense is beautifully
expressed in thc plundering of the
slaves, tho cheating, haggling nnd swindling incidental to tho pleasing process
of disposing of the plundor, and finally
in tho edifying nnd prodigious spectacle of moral and ethical excellence now
being pulled off in Europe. Anything
that could shock that brand of "moral
senso" would be ahocking indeed. Civilization, based aa it ia upon slavery,
can have no "moral sense" to be shocked,   It iB unmoral.
The wealth of tho working clnss la a
joke. To bo sure tho report of tho
commission speaks of the "poor," but
what can constitute tho "poor" if it
bo not tho workers? Rich people aro
never "poor," oven in spirit, nt least
so as you could notice it. The wenlth
of tho working class, which class represents sixty-live per cont. of tho population, amounts to fivo por cont, of tho
wenlth of the nation. Of what docs this
\nst nmount of wealth consist? It needs
no argument to show thnt no ownership
of tho means of wealth production can
bo embodied in this stupendous five por
cont. From observation, wo know that
tho workers have no such proporty, or
wealth. All thc workors own is a miserable and petty mesa of cheap junk in
tho shape of wearing apparel, houaohold
belongings and a few gimcracks and
odds and ends that, as a rule are scarce
worth mentioning in the archives of tho
assessor. Ah far as anything in tho
shape of wealth that can bring them
socialists had a majority in tho roich-
stag, or could create one with the aid
of othor parties, nobody could prevent
them from getting a measure of administrative power." When, along with
tbis interesting disclosure of tho kaiser's political and economic faith, thore
comes accounts of personal nttentiona
to socialist soldiers at the front, such aa
pinning of cast iron labels upon their
gallant breasts and assuring them that
'' Germany has been saved by her socialists," the significance and importance
of this accession to the socialist fighting strength may bo seen. From all
this wo feel sure that the kaiser's socialism is not of that pale pink type so
common throughout the rest of thc
world, but is the genuine "alte genos-
sen" red that has made Gennan'social-
ism famous.
* * *
Granted that there is a measure of
truth in thoso reports that the German
wnr lord is flirting with tlie socialists of
that country, it should uot be a difficult
matter to understand. It should fool no
one, except those duly qualifled by nature to bo fooled. A very small quantity of soft soap, howover, is quite suifi-
cicnt to bofuddlo thc average porson,
whether in Germany or elsewhere, und
enable them to be used for any purpoac
required by knaves and rogues. Tho
only requisite is that tho soft soap bc
applied by some one wliom the fools
have boon led to reverence as superior
to themselveB. Tho kaiser has used thc
workors of Germuny to further whatever mad schemes may have hitherto
obsessed him. That he has used thom
to their undoing goes without Baying.
That ia whnt always results to he, or
they, who are weak onough to bo used.
Even with tho loyal aid of all tho socialist workmen of his empiro, the kaiser's schemes havo beon goiug none too
well. Present prospects aro none too
bright. In fact things nre looking moro
gloomy oach day. The kniscr may have
noted signs of evil portent upon the
horizon. It may hnve occurred to him
that it is well to cast' nn anchor to
windward, in cose the fortunes of war
should eventually result in such disaster
to his plans as to bring lus dynasty facto face with threatened extinction at
the hands of a deceived and outraged
people. That the Gorman social democracy has counted in its ranks several
million workmen probably accounts for
the kaiser's present intcrost in the
movement. In case matters come to tho
worst with him, it will bo of the utmost
importance that this large body of
workingmen and others hnve not been
so completely estranged ns to render the
continuation of tho Hohenzollcrn regime
no longer possiblo. But whatever his
motive in "peddling the bull" to his
dear socialists may bc, thoy may rest assured it is not n good ono for them. If
they fall for it thoy will pny dearly for
their folly later on, oven ns thoy at
now paying for Iheir folly of the past
But the spectnele of n war lord, nn
"Admiral of the Atlantic," descending
from his lofty pedestal of furbishing nr
mor, rattling the sabre nnd shaking tin
mailed fist, to the level of a peddler of
bull con iu the market place in order to
exorcise the ghost of revolution, is a
sight for the gods. It shows a versatility of talent upon the part of William
of Hohenzollcrn that should enable that
distinguished chnracter to secure steady
and lucrntivc employment on tho vaude-
villo stage in thc event of losing hia
present job.
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
in minimi convention In January. Executivo officers, 1010-17: President, Jim. U. Mc-
Way; vice-presidents — Vancouver, John
Brooks, Hi Morrison; Vieturin, (!. Sivertz;
Now Westminster, W. Yates; PrlllOO Rupert,
W. 0, Thompson, P, O. Box 1581 RoWJltHld,
11. A, Ktnwurt; Dlstriot "JS, U. M. W. of A.
(Vancouvor Island), W. Heiul; District 18,
U. M. W. of A. {Orow'fl Nest Vnlloy), A. J,
t'nrler. HriTi'tarj-treHHurc]', A. S. Wells, P.
O. Box 1538, Victoria, B. C.
. O.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Moots flrst nnd third Wednesday,
Lnbor hull, 1424 Oovernment streot, at 8
p. in. Presidont, G. Tuylor; secretary, P-
HoldPldgO, Box 802, Victoria, B. C.
of  America,   local  784,  Now  Westminster
Meets second Sundny of each month at 1:80
p.m.    Socrotnry, F. W, Jameion, Box 496.
lirst nnd third Thursdays. Exocutive
board: Jiuneti 11, McVoty, president; R. P.
1'eltipiece, vice-president; Helena Gut-
terldgO, guttural secretary, 210 Labor Templo;
Fred Knowles, treusurer; W. il. t'ott frill,
statistician; surgcum-nt-anus, Joint Sully; A,
J. Crawford, Jus, Campbell, J. Brooks, trui-
Moots   second   Monday   in   tho   month.
President,   J.   McKinnon;  surcetary,   R.   H,
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BARTENDERS'" LOCAL No. 070.—Offlce,
Room 208 Lubor Temple. Meets first
Sunday of ouch month. President, Janief
Campbell; llnuiiciul secretary, H, Davis, Boi
424; phono, Sey. 4752; recording secretary,
Wm. Mottislinw, Globe Hole J, Main atreet. __
nl Union of America, Locnl No. 120—
Moots 2nd and 4th Tuesdays in the month,
room 205, Labor Temple. President, L. E.
Herritt; fjocrctnry, S. JI. Grant, 004 Georgia
—Meets every 1st nnd 3rd Tuendav,
8 p.m., Room 807. Presidont H. P. Wand;
corresponding socretary, W. B. Dagnall, Box
53; flnancla! secretary, W. J. Pipes; busineu
agent, W. 8. Dagnall, Room 216.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alborta, the Yukon Terlrtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Provlnee of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one.
years at an annual rental of *l an aere. Not
moro than 2,560 acres will be leased to one
Applications for lease must bo made by the
applicant in person to the Agent or Sab-Agent
of the district in whioh the rights applied
for aro situated.
In surveyed territory tho land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
soctions, and In unsurvoyod territory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the applicant hlmielf.
Each application mast be accompanied by
a foe of $5, which wtll bo refunded If the
rights applied for are noi available but not
otherwise. A royalty shall ho paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of live eents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon, If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least once
The lease will include the eoal minim
rights only, but the lessee may be permittOL
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may bo considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rats of §10 an aere.
For full information application should ta
mado to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B,—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80690
Bill" himself,
A "RED."
cheering news thnt' the runks of tho
German socittl democracy now con
tain no less a personage tlmu "Kaiser
It seems that the war
lord, just before go>
ing to the front at
Verdun, entertained
the socialist leaders,
Evert and Schneido-
man at his shark ut Potsdam and discussed war mutters with them, also so
cialist party affairs, As he unbosomed
himself to his new found comrades, it
became clear that he was of tho samo
revolutionary type as themselves. Ho
assured them that ho had never assailed
socialist' economic principles, although
he had, at times, felt aggrieved because
of anti-patriotic activities upon tho pnrt
of the socialists, Such activities, ho
declared, "wore not un essential pnrt of
social democracy as propoundod by Karl
Marx," Bill of Hohenzollcrn hastened
to assure his delighted listeners that,
"the socialists having abjured thoir
anti-patriotic doctrino, and now atand
solid for order and discipline during thc
wnr, the gulf between us is narrower.
* * *
As ti still further indication that this
latest recruit to the ranks of the mili
tnnt German domocracy is amply qunli
fled to servo undor its bannor, the kaiser
explained at some length, so it is reported, "that Germany is thc loading
socialist slat e in tho world. While
Franco had done nothing to advanco socialist legislation, official Germany
hnd nationalized the railroads, passed
insurance aad factory laws and had now
practically nationalized all industry.
Nothing now remained to bo settled bo
tweoa tho socialists and tho government
except tlio question of powor, and if thej
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor Temple,
8 p.m. President, A. Bykes; secrotary, Chas,
Q. Ainilln. "HZ Ni-vn.Ui ai.-ini.. ,u-t
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver hedge No. 194—Meeta
first and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avonue west;
secretary, A. FraBer, 1151 Howe street.
PACIFIC—Meeti at 437 Gore avenue every
Tuesday   ■»  -*™     D "  "---■ —   '    '
7 p.m.    Russell Kearloy7busliesi
moots room 205, Labor Temple, even
Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MeDougall,
1102 Powell street; recording secretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; financial aeerstary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Tomple,
SOCIATION, Local 8852. Office, Association halt, 10 Powell street. Meets every
Sundny, 2:30 p.m. Thomaa Nixon, secretary.
and fourth Fridays at 8 p.m. President,
J. Mclvor; recording socretary, J. Brookes;
financial secretary, J. H. McVety.
Moots second and fourth Thursdays, Labor
Temple, 8 p.m.    President, Georgo Anderson,
2310 Prinr- "-•      '   ■■■•
1720-0.    L„
toentb  stroot West;  pin
ico Edward street; phono Fairmont
Secrotary. Stanley Tiller, 312 Elgh-
io Fairmont 70BL.
Wm. RENNIE Co. Limite.
118 HOMER ST.    -  -    VANCOUVF.
Law is tiie science of injustice applied to the conduct of lmmn.ii affairs.
It used to be applied raw, with a club.
It is now applied by means of blue papain! othor portentious documents,
with the club lying conveniently in the
background) for use In case of emergency.   Kong live the law.
A "free" laborer is a human animal
entirely destitute of food, or any menus
of getting it, except by offering himself us ti sacrifice upon tho altar of proflt, in oxehango for a largosB (wage)
Sufficient to temporarily ward off starvation. Immediately thereafter ho is
free to do it again. Ho is no slave,
any ono can readily see.
Snme 711,000,000 lbs. of wool wns exported from Australia in 1914. From
whnt wo loam it seems tltnt the Australian workers were able to got only nbout
one pair of pants each, during that
year, nnd these wero built principally
of shoddy and cotton, or, possibly jute.
Great is capitalist production. Equally
great is tlie stupidity of tho workors.
A correspondent asks why it is necessary for any country to build up foreign
trude ? Is it necessary in order to
conyort tho surplus value squoczed out
of their workers by the capitalists of
Hint country, into additional capital,
thereby extending thoir .economic dominion over more slaves and increasing tlieir
power and plundor. In foudnl times dominion was extended by conquering territory. Now it is done by extending
trnde. This is loss crude, far moro effective and infinitely cheaper.
s£S>o Of America  rQ»r
Vote against prohibition! Demand personal liberty In choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, aB a guarantee that it Ib Union Mado. This la our Label
TORS' UNION, Local 848., I. A. T.
S. E. & M. P. M. 0.—Meets ilrst Sunday of
oach month, Room 204, Labor Temple.
President, W, E. McCartney; Businesa
Agent, E. J. Huttlemayer; Financial and Corresponding Secrotary, H. C. Roddan, P. 0.
Box, 84S.
AMERICA—Vancouvor and vicinity-
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Rboin '205, Lnbor Templo. ProBldpnt, Ray
MeDougall, 001 Seventh avenue west; financial secretary, J. Campbell, 4800 Argyle
-»---». rdtng secretary, E. Westmoreland,
UID   Ye-
'Qt;, phone' Bayvlew 2608L."
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION (VANCOUVER), No. 69—Meets second Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room 204. President. \V. Bell,
2220 Vine street; secretary-treasurer, E.
Waterman, 1167 Georgia street; recording
secretary, W. Shannon, 1739—28th avenue
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:80 and fi p.m. President, W.
H. Cotterill; recording secretary, Jas. E. Griffin, 166 Twenty-fifth avonue east; financial
secrotary and business agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meeting!
held first Tuosday in each month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Outterldge; recording see., 0. McDonald, Box SOS; flnanclal secretary, H,
Nordlund, P. 0. Box 503.
Meets laBt Sunday of each month at 2
p.m. President, R. Farm. Pettipiece; vice-
president, W. 8. Metsger; secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P. 0   Box 66.
Labor Unions, Attention!
I Let us print your
next Bylaws and Constitutions. We know how
and our prices are
right. €|We can give
you prompt service on
all your printing. Give
us a trial.
The B.C. Federationist
ROOM 217
Control and regulation of
Licensed Premises Under
License Law.
The unregulated and illegal
sale of Liquor
now prevailing
in Prohibition
"Prohibitum is not tcmpcrnncc. Temperance innkeH for
human progress. It should be invoked in regard to onr food,
onr drink, our dress nnd even our physical cxervisc. As many
peoplo die from overeating ns diefro m the excessive use of
"Temperance harms no one; on the contrary, it doea good.
Prohibition, on tlio othor hand, has generally resulted in
making men liars, sneaks nnd hypocrites. If men want liquor
thoy can invariably got it, nnd thoy can got it oven in prohibition stntes.
JULIUS EAHN, U. 8. Congressman from California
"There is stale wide prohibition in Maine and yet thero
are cities in Mnino which have more shops per capita for tho
sale of liquor than my homo city, which is the greatest distilling city in tlio world.
"In parts of Maine, candidates for sheriff, who havo boen
enforcing the lmv, cannot' bo elected to office if they do not
givo a public pledge that they will violate their oath of offico
and will not enforce the law."
Claude Stone, U. S. Congressman from Illinois
Readors of Tho Federationist, fellow workers
with thousands of mon who will be thrown out
of employment Bhould a prohibition law prevail
in British Columbia are asked to carofully consider the above statements. PRIDAT May 12, 1916
Drink Cascade
the Home Brew
good intelligent brewing
and clean, sanitary bottling make
"The Beer Without a Peer"  '
Open a bottle and see it
sparkle. It is full of life
and health-giving properties.
means of distributing
thousands of dollars every
month to union workmen.
is good—be temperate in
all things.
CASCADE is the temperate man's ideal beverage.
PINTS, $1.00 per dozen.
QUARTS, $2.00 per dozen.
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
is good for all men; total abstinonce is a matter of expediency for some
men. Tho total abstainer has no more right to compel tho temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the tomperato man has to compel
tho abstainer to drink what' he noither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is tho temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your doolor for our
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1003
Labor Power Is a Commodity Bought and Sold in
the Market
Industrial Unrest a Denial
of Improved Conditions
for Workers
MR. SAMfHL GOMPEKS is the excutive head of the American Federation of Labor. He has long held that
position. He lias always remained unshaken in his faith in the offleaey of tho
trade union to effect the betterment of
conditions for the workers so devoutly
to bo wished by all who have the welfare of the world's toilers at heart. Ho
has always opposed tho idea of tho
unions enlarging their Held of activity
by participating in the political struggle along the lines of working class interests. His political policy has rather
been that of endorsing and aiding such
candidates of tho parties of capitalism
as would promise to safeguard the interests of labor, ia case of their election,
those interests to be interpreted, of
course, by Mr. Gompers and his economic school of thought. The socialist
movement has always had the same effect upon Mr. Gompers as the proverbial "red rag upon a bull." There is
intention to liken Mr. Gompers to a
I>u11, although the socialist emblem is
red. It sometimes would appear, however, thnt his antipathy to tho socialist
ovement and its philosophy, is due to
an abnormally stiff neck, rather than to
reason. To him tho purpose of the socialist movement is to emasculate his
pet trado union organization and thus
render if impotent to continue its triumphant career as an improver of conditions of Lnbor for tho sons of toil. To
anyone with the slightest knowledge of
socinlism, the absurdity of such a notion
will bc apparent.
Something Out of Joint,
Mr. Gompers upon frequent occasion
bitterly complains becauso socialist
speakers and writers affirm that in spite
of all the efforts of trade unionism in
tho past, the average condition of the
workers is continually getting worse.
Now, if this wore not true surely these
worthy spokesmen for a great movement
could accomplish nothing good for their
cause by making such false statements.
In fact they would but work on irreparable Injury by so doing. But let us see
whether there is any warrant for tho
presumption thnt tho conditions of
Labor arc growing worse, rather than
better. If there is one thing particularly noticeable at present it is the number
of strikes, or.threatened strikes. This
evidenoe of industrial discontent covors
n very wide aren nnd involves an extraordinary number of workers, a considerable portion of whom arc from among
the best paid trades at that. An increase of wages has been very recently
granted to over 700,000 workers in the
United States, amounting to about $64, ■
000,000 per year. It wns not even forced,
or otherwise brought about by any trnde
union action. As tho industrial unrest
already noted is going on in spite of all
the previous successful action upon the
part of the trade unions to rniso wages
and better conditions, which Mr. Gompers assures us has occurred, nnd utterly
regardless of the phenomenal wage advances made by an extremely lnrgo section of employers, it seems there must
bo a "fly in tlie ointment" of the betterment of conditions theory. Something
seems oui of joint in tho calculations of
theorists other than socialists.
A Merchant Who Must Sell.
A scrutiny of the huge wage increase
mentioned above will show it amounted
to $1.75 per week for each worker involved. According to tlie government
statistics, the cost of eating has goae up
fully tcu per cent, during the lust four
years, to say nothing of tho advance in
prices of other tilings necessary to the
existence of the worker. And this in-
creased cost of living lias more than offset nny udvuncu of wages that has boon
secured. Every working mnn knows
that he could live just as well, or even
potter, on the wages received ten years
ago, ns he can on those received now, although the present wage is higher ns expressed ill dollars and cents. The nc*
tual wnge is not expressed in the money
received, but in tlio actual amount of
food, clothing, etc., that this money
wngo will buy. It is usoless for Mr.
Gompers and others to delude themselves with the idea that tho labor
power of n worker is "not a commodity," no matter how many legal enactments may be passed to the contrary,
nor however many learned judges may
so rule. The fact stares the worker in
the face that he possesses the power to
do useful tilings, That is he hus the
power to produce wealth, if he has the
opportunity.   He cannot ger food unless
Daily press despatches tell of a train wreck
near Toronto during the past week, in
which ' 'ox-Councillor Simpson had a
miraculous escape," having experienced
the sensation uf being an occupant of a
coach which wus hurled down a twenty-
foot embankment. Dollars to dough-nuts
"Jlmmle" crawled out smiling.
Brewery Workers Believe
Failure of Washington
Law Will Affect Vote.
Suggestion   for   Vote   on
License with Restrictions
of Advanced type.
*"* ^ik\vXa
'trm. mi
*wow..»i)C *
put up in
pint bottles
in quarts
Factory; 1366-7 Powoll Street
Telephone Highland 285
Est. 1904 Vancouver, B. O.
he finds the chance to expend that energy. ^In fact he does not expect to obtain the things he needs except by producing them, or their equivalent. But
all avenues of production are closed to
him becauso all means of production,
outside of himself, are legally held from
him as the property of others. What
must he do, what cun he do, under such
circumstances? There is but one alternative to starvation, and that is to sell
something in order to obtain the wherewith to purchase the food, etc., ho needs
must have or perish. Tho only thing
ho has that stands a chance of being
marketable, is his labor power. This he
must offer in tho market as a commodity, a thing for which ho has no use,
inasmuch as he controls no means
whereby its use is possiblo and a thing
that he must sell in order to convert its
exchange value into things that he can
utilizo to satisfy his pressing needs. A
commodity is anything thrown upon the
market for sale. It may be cloth, sugar,
potatoos, electric power, horse power,
water power or labor powor. And in
all cases the circumstances of the market will determine tho price that must
be accepted, if a sale be made. An|
ample Bupply to meet the demand for
any commodity will tend to hold thc
prico down. Should the amount offered
fall short of the demand, the price
would stiffen. And no amount of juggling by the sellers or purchasers of
commodities can alter that law of tho
market. Especially is this true of thc
owners of such a perishable commodity
as labor power. The owner of that has
to effect an early sale or perish by starvation.
See the Point.
From the Calgary News-Telegram, of
a recent date, ia the following clipping:
Despite   the   enactment   in   the
United States of tho famous law, a
year ago, exempting labor from prosecution under the Sherman act, on
the ground that labor was not a
commodity, it is becoming more and
more apparent that, in practice, labor really is a moro commodity and
nothing else.
"When there is a demand for it,
the price of the commodity rises.
Whon there is not, tho price fulls.
It is obvious, in either ease, that
the  price,  that   is   wages,  is  not.
based on any ethical principles or
on any proportion of tho profits derived from labor.  It iB based solely
on supply  and  demand,  like any
other commodity."
That lnbor power is a commodity is
pretty  generally  known  and   acknowledged.    That, like all other commodities, its price is determined by the sumo
inexorable,  though  perhaps  unwritten
laws of tho market that determine the
price of all other commodities, is also
n matter of common knowledge.   It is
also   fairly  well   understood    by   most
persons that it is folly to expect to
force prices up in the face of n market
that  is   fully   supplied   with   the  commodity in question and this is tho chronic slate of the market, ns far as tho
commodity  labor power Is concerned.
In   fact  everybody  seems  able  to  seo
this, Father Gompers.
Place and Date of Organized Labor Annual Meets for June and July.
Juno 2, Indianapolis, Ind., International Brotherhood of Bookbinders.
June 6, Pittsburg, Pa., International
Slate and Tile Hoofers' union of
June JO,  , Ceramic, Mosaic and
Encaustic Tile Layers and Helpers' International union,
Juno 15, New York, N. Y., White
Huts Actors' Union of America.
Juno lBj I'ressiuen's Home, Tenn., International Printing Pressmen und Assistants' Union of North America.
July .'{, Titlin, O., American Flint
Glass Workers' union,
July 10, Atlantic City, N. J., Glass
Bottle Blowers' association.
July 15, Newark, N. J., American
Wire Weavers' Protective association.
July 17, Ottawa, Canada, International Steel and Copper Plato Printers'
Union of North America,
July —, Detroit, Mich., Stove Mounters' International union.
July —, Atlantic City, N. ,T.( National
Brotherhood of Operative Potters.
The very unsatisfactory manner in
which the prohibition measure in the
state of Washington is working out iii
actual practice is believed, according to
thu local correspondent for the Brewery'
Workers' union to be certain to have a
marked effect upon the vote when the
provincial prohibition referendum is
submitted to tho electors or British Columbia.
Despite the strictest efforts of the
Seattle authorities'to. enforce the law,
oven going so far as to engage a new
chief of police on the policy that "a
new broom sweeps clean," tho number
of drunks in Seattle has been increasing monthly since the first of tho year.
For tbo month of May a new record in
this line will probably bo established,
as on last Monday 01 drunks faced
Judge Gordon, the largest number for
any day in the year.
The prohibitionists already admit
that the Washington law has not by
any means stamped out drinking and
the central committee of 100, which had
charge of tho prohibition campaign last
year, has been summoned to meet in
Spokane shortly for the purposo of considering the situation. The chairman of
the committee openly admits that it is
extremely difficult to enforce the measure, und that "bootlegging" ib going
on at' an alarming rate. The only hope
he has of remedying conditions is by
advising the stato legislature to go one
step further and endeavor to absolutely
stop the sale or import of liquor.
Moonshiners at Work.
In the mountain districts of Washington, tho Seattle press states that many
"moonshine" stills have cropped up
and the federal authorities are being
kept busy trying to get on the track
of these parties.
On tho other hand, a movement is
being started by men who supported the
prohibition measure by their voto,
though thoy did not take any active
part in the campaign, for the remedying of conditions by starting tho machinery of tho initiative and referendum
for a return to the license system under
stricter regulation than has previously
prevailed in Washington. Somo of the
leaders of this movement are acquainted
with the regulations in B. C, known as
the "Bowser Liquor Act" nnd they
believo that such legislation with slight
alterations, Would about moot the needs
of the case.
A number of membera of tbe union
were discussing the prohibition referendum recently when ono suggested
that in order to bc fair to all parties,
an opportunity should be given tho electors to vote either for prohibition or
the operation of licensed premises on
the bnsis of an advanced type of regulation such us tho abolition of tho bar,
the prohibition of treating, tho limitation of hours, otc. Tho voters could
then record their choice between prohibition or the operation of tho business
under n license along the lines of stricter regulation. It is believed that, on
such a vote, the public would, in the
face of the experiences of Washington,
decide in favor of the restrictive measure.
Prohibition and Hotel Service.
A sidelight on the manner in which
prohibition affects hotels was given this
week by D. McCallum, organizer for
the International Association of Mn
chinists, who is now in Vancouver. He
states that in Saskatchewan tho serv
at the hotels is greatly inferior to that
provided before the provincial prohibitory law went into effect. At Brandon,
where the Manitoba prohibition legislation has not yet come into force, thc
hotelkeepers are already preparing for
tho future, announcement having been
made of an advance of the hotel rates,
If this is not done, the hotel men say.
they cannot continue in business.
Mrs, Bartley Laid to Best.
The funeral of thc late Mrs. Margaret
Bartley, mother of Georgo Bartley and
Mrs. Cowan, took placo on Saturday
last nt 2 p.m. to Mountain Viow come-
tory. The pallbearers, all old-time acquaintances, were: Messrs. J. B. Campbell, Walter Brown, Bruce McKolvio, S.
It, Robb, W. S, Armstrong and F. W,
Fowler. Bev. Mr. Wilson of St. An-
drow's, conducted tho funeral services,
If is easier to tear u thing down
than to build it up, and sometimes moro
profltnblo. Tho divorce lawyer gets a
bigger fee than the minister.
One trnde unionist who demands tho
union label on all purchases is of more
real value to the Labor movement than
a dozen of the careless and indifferent
The workers have no country. What
they have not got can not be taken
from them. Since the proletariat must
first conquer political power, must rise
to be the dominant clnss of- tho nation, must constitute itself fho nation,
it is so far national itself, though not
at all in the bourgeois sense.—Marx.
oellcs rreon(jobaceo.
Refined Service
One   Block  west of Court  Houie.
I'fh!   of   Modern  Chape)   and
Funeral   Parlors   free   to   all
Telephone Sermour 2425
Vancouver—Odlco and Cliapel,
1034 Qranvllle St.. Phone Key. 34S6.
North Vancouver — Olflce and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phtfne
& Loggers*
Eim maar rttn tbe
* wraxo—ut—xrrhoott
ut thtm met atta oata
hr liWIITl    *be> laalwa,
mlnu,  leffan, farm in
all who kaow nod hater
i rmoavoam.
■boo wkMbu It li ttu
boot   or   Uu   nstuniaa'f
atroot wtataa thao. antra
LDOran thoe It teata of
SOHMT lMtliar—«0»M«
workmanship—HOMMV material throof hon
Tou dsalsr wUl 1m flad to
and MOM.  AjfcUmtoda*
Madi in British Columbia
' Named Shoei are frequently made in Non-
Union Facloriei—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter whut itB iinine, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All  slioes without tho  Union  Stamp  are
always Non-Union.
2i6 Summer Street, Boston, Mobs.
J. P. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Blaine, Sec-Treas.
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
G. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, SauternOs and Burgan-
dies, etc., eto.
(Strictly modern), one block from Labor Templo.   Here, overy comfort
awaits you.
Union Cigars and best brands of beverages our specialty.
First-class cafe in connection.
9 a.m.
Have you visited National Gas Range
week at the Vancouver Gas Company's Carrall Street showrooms. Demonstrations going on all week. It
will be worth your while to sec what
industrial and household uses gas can
he put to.
Special prices good until Saturday
all gas appliances and free service
and fitting.
Candy making exhibit; samples
given away free. Music and refreshments.
9 p.m.
Carrall and Hastings Streets
1138 Granville St. Near Davie
Phone Seymour
FKIDAT. May 12, 1916
Never Such Suit
Values as These
for $15
—Look for all the world like
high-price suits—latest models
— reliable fabrics —and neat
designs and colors. We show
them in sizes from 34 to 42,
and conscientiously recommend hem for everyday and
business wear. Our leader, or
we couldn't afford to sell them
at this
low price...
______  iota     mwwT I muBitfcT. ___ c__ntu___
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Most Popular Moving Picture House in Vincouver
25 Hastings St. West, near Carrall Street
First Vancouver Run of All
"Triangle" Pictures.
"Triangle" Pictures Are tbe
World's Best Films.
MAY 18—19—20
Is the comedy feature for Monday, Tuesday und Wednesday.
MAY 16—16—17
On the same bill is a Keystone  comedy,  entitled — "Hia
"Father's Footsteps," starring Ford Sterling. *
Entire change of programme for latter part of the week.
Matinee (to 0 p.m.)   10c Children (nil the time) 6c
Evenings j 15c Boxes (all thc time)  25c
Gou.I  for one year's subscription to Tbe B.
___ _ _ _.     —.   »   —. -.-v ,-» C- Ft'di-rationist, will be mailod to any ad-
IH QTlK    I     A RI l^dri'SR in Canada for $10.    (Good anywhere
IV/ O \J AJa V'*xlx*-'*-JoiitBide of Vancouvor eity.)    Order ten today.    Remit when sold.
When you recognize this ns a
fact you will boost for the products of home industries by cutting out tho imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only government-inspected
plant in B. 0.
Chinese- made Shirts £jOveralls
Turner, Beeton a Co., Ltd.  Victoria, B. C.
As important
as your watch
Your teeth perform, lei us Buy, fully nn Important dalles ua your watch—thoir nor-
views cannot l><* dl-sponsou with nny moro tlinti your watoh,
—You koop your wntuli rogulatod—
It Jn .wen mow Important to k.M|> your tooth rogulatod.   If it camo to a pinch you
might got on without a watch, ami still bo In n position to fulfil your duties lh lifo.
Hut your tuW.li ar.   positively IndlBponflttWO.    You milBt  have them   and  to got pro-
pa- service oui of them yon should havo thom in „wnl rundiilun all the time,
Come in ami lei mo regulnto your teeth. 1 ex am I no thom free—no cost
for ennsullalmn and nilvlco—oxpori nilvtco Hint will loll you what you do
not know about your tooth.    Telephone or call in for nn appointment nnd
I'erinani'iu *
Evening  ■
owns mid HridfcoN
••.'lth all my work,
floe hours—Tuos-
unlays. 7 to 8.
per  iooth.
Save your timo.
Expression Plates
IplO a set
I study your case, thon I model
the plate to Milt thi< exaat form
of your face; and thon I make
tho  mould,   taking   thu  correct Crown nnd Bridge Specialist
"bltef'^fo that yoir havo" tho fl02 HASTINGS STREET WEST, Oorner Beymour
functions of the tcoth perfectly Opening Evenings from T to 8 i-.m.
restored. Tel. Sey. 3331
Candidate for tho presidency of tho Typographical union for the toriu biiglnntng
Juno 1—Election to tnke plnco liny 24—
An nld-time Winnipeg Typo, who recently
ro turned "from the front," after more
ilmn a -year's sorvloo—A member of the
Daily  Province  chapel;
Australians on the Niagara Secure Fair
Treatment for Fellow Employee,
There wns n short, sharp nnd decisive
labor struggle on the waterfront lust
week which, while it resulted in the
Cnnndian-Austrnlinn liner Niagara; being held over for several hours, ended
iu the settlement of the difficulty in accordance with the views of the men
who mnn the steamship. These are
members of tho Federated Seamen's
Union of Austrulasin, nnd they greeted
the successful issue of their contentions
with hearty Australian cheers when tho
matter wns settled to their satisfaction
nt a conference in the Labor Temple on
Wednesday night.
The dispute arose over the case of D.
Lawrence, employed in the lnundry on
the Niagara, whoso hand was crushed
Inst Saturday, necessitating his removnl
to St. Paul's hospital. The men demanded that thc steamship company
should guarantee the wages of the injured man until he could rejoin his family in Australia nnd, as Capt. Rolls nnd
Supt. Irons did not see the matter in
that light, the men took a stroll uptown on Wednesday nnd then kept on
Conferences were held by Tiffin &
Alexander, representing the oompany,
nnd Camoron & Cameron, representing
the men, iu tho afternoon. The street
walking employees wero invited to personally attend a conference on the liner,
but, with visions nf whnt might happen
after they lind passed over the gangplank, they replied "They'd be blymod
if they would." Finally a meeting was
arranged in the Lnbor Tomplo for the
evening, at which the matter wns adjusted by the company guaranteeing
thnt the injured mnn should receive £5
per month from tho date of his injury
up to the time nf his nrrivnl in Australia, the nmount to be deducted from''the
payment which would be authorized hy
tho Australian compensation board.
Then, .to complete the "kiss and make
up" programme, it wns promised thnt
Capt. Rolls wouldn't remember, after
the men got aboard, thnt they ever left
the tjtenmship to tnke a day's walk seeing the sights of Vnncouver.
Great Necessity of Lahor Fighting Constantly on Educational Campaign,
The central labor bureau of New
York calls attention to the fact that in
evidence brought out by the United
States Industrial Relations committeo,
it was shown that the Rockefeller interests wero paying Ivy Leo $10,000 per
year for acting as the Rockefeller press
agont. It is suggested that organized
labor litis concentrated its energies so
completely on wage fights that it has
neglected educational opportunities
such ob organized capital employs with
great' skill.
All of which goes to show tho necessity of organized labor supporting publications such as The Federationist in
order thnt the renl facts of the case
from the viewpoint of Labor may be
properly put beforo the public.
Wobbling Waverers Worthless.
The powor ,to decide firmly and
quickly strikes nt the very marrow of
ability. The world is ever looking for
the man who has this power, with whom
action follows on thc heels of decision.
The vacillating, wavering mnn, tho mnn
wlia-doesn't know his own mind, who is
always reconsidering, waiting for more
favorable moment to act, will never Bet
the world on firo. He will never
achieve important victories. It is the
maa of decision and quick action who
carries things before him. The vacillating man, however able in other respects, is pushed 'aside in thc race of
life by tho decisive, determined man,
who knows whut he wants to do and
does it.
Send in tho nows! Evory union in
the city and provinco should havo a
press correspondent. You want news
of your union to appear in your paper.
Then seo that Bomeono is especially appointed to send it in. And see thnt it
reaches this office on timo. All local
nows must be in not later than Thurs-
ay morning, if it is to apporfr the same
week. Address nil news matter to Editor 11. C. Federationist, Labor Templo,
Vancouver, B. C. ***
Tlio B. C. Fcdarntionist
is a recognized medium
for Legal„AdveHisinR.
Legal notices printed in
The Federationist receive the personal attention necessary to insure accuracy.
B.   0.  Federationist
Labor Temple
Sey. 7495
New Spring
Lines of
These perfect Jilting hand-finished garments merit tho consideration of every womnn
who would associate herself
with the best in underwear.
Quality considered, thc prices
are very moderate. Let us
show you the new Spring lines.
"MEEODE" Hand Finished
Cotton Union Suits, in sleeveless and short sleovo styles,
knee length, 75c; extra sizes,
"MEBODE" Hand Finished
Lisle Vests, in no sleeve, short
and elbow sleeves, with low or
Dutch neck, 75c; extra sizes,
"MEEODE" Hand Finished
Lisle Tights, in knee length,
closed or open styles, 75c; extra sizes, $1.00.
"MEEODE" Hand Finished
Lisle Union Suits, in a large
variety of styles, both knee
und uiiklc length, $1.76; extra
sizes, $2.00.
Must Keep Faith with Governmental Pro
mises Made ln tlie United Statea.
Editor li. C. Federationist: The article in
your Issue of April 28, headed "Will Workors of Canada Accept Conscription I" unfortunately, will not reach a majority of the
citizens of Canada, who are not making money
out of the wur. Nevertheless, as to the
opening shot, upon the question raised iu this
article, it is n real introduction, and in my
opinion, it will only he a mutter of time, until
the quiiKtiun conies to a showdown. Might 1
he permitted to suggest ""it what probably
would be the strongest argument with the
lion-tight ing, non-working conscriptionists to
combat the condition which President Watters deals with, was overlooked In your article. That question Is. "How Is such a campaign going to affect the non-producing, moneyed class, especially Western roal estatersi"
It is only a few months ago that tbo publicity
agonts of the various western status, seeking
the strongest material to place before United
States citizens to prevent or liisBuade them
from emigrating to Canada, "falsely and maliciously" circulated tho "unfounded calumny," that if the good citizens were Induced to
emigrate to Canada, they would be subject to
conscription in the near future, and also thoir
land would be taxed tn pay for the war when
It is over. Yon will remember that the real
estate sellers were so anxious to nail this
"lie" that a conference was hold in Chicago,
at whieh there wns present not only a representative of the federal government and of
tho Ontario government, bnt also tho premier
of Manitoba. Mr. Norris. Mr. Norris left
Manitoba when things were fairly exciting,
and in the natural order of political programmes, Mr. Norris had his presence sorely
needed at home just then. Nevertheless,' the
necessity of demonstrating the falsity of the
United States' cninpnlgn tn stop land buyers
coining to Canada, was no pressing that Norrls joined the other representatives In Chicago
to point out the falsity of this base calumny.
If those assurances were given in writing, or
offered as gentlemen, man to man, now whon
thore is not likely to lie any more Immigration
for a year, and the conscription advertisers
of the United Slates have their campaign to
dissuade immigration justified, would it not
be possible for them to say. If the non-con-
scriptionists succeed, that Canada also has
treated the assurances of hor Chicago envoys
as a "scrap of paper or wind." In other
words, if stress was laid upon the fact that
even tho advocacy of conscription In Canada
will work pcrlous detriment to the land speed*
lators and money-lonners of Canada more than
anyone olse. they might listen more than thoy
would to the wailing and protests of a lot of
people who nre here already, nnd dont do
anything but work, and happen to be nnfor-
tnnnte enough to liavo nothing to show that
thov even <to (hat, There tin* boon no nnoii
for conscription or anything like It in Canndn,
hut having listened only last nltrht to n i»«b-
ln*)v address oh Ili» Vir\n Commune of 1R70,
T am Inst now of onlnlon that so far as tlie
,h.».ii-..|.],n,. ,tnrn „„,. I)rnj,,^ 0f workers
will be nt least iunnrod, hut If von can allow
..•■■-rn thov nm e-nlnir tn lose money. In niv
opinion, the majority of onr "conscrlntors"
wniim oven Mon nrolntf to church. During
•"irtl'-l lew pnrlnds Boms to tin hnrvest for
ill officials, and the bttPV season for onr-
nwMncHvi*. bnsylwdliift, r>o mn notice tbnt
our Canadian crafts in hlirh official plnoen **«
not nt nil cnnf]i>.*.1 to munitions nnd the ]|Va.
The "crane*." of Mnnttnlm. Sn«katchewnn. Al-
•*tt\ n«ri British Cnlnmliln haven't even sold
ti**a-«*lmn|or vet, but have been 'int<**r nrnttv
-11 thn«v vnn and thnv niWt nil Innwht
>♦ nni li,- n cabinet f»11 or two No, Indeed,
T thon"l'l, after n r-nrpfii] tionmel of voiir •••■)(.
el", tbnt lhn Bntwtion**- herein rnntalnod
mMit he worVrtd with advantage l»i» pome
subsequent articles on this some aiiflrMnn;
Bdm'onton, May 1, into.
"Co-ops" nnd the Labor Movement.
By the amount of thought nnd cn-
orgy Intoly givon to tho principle of
consumers' co-operative schemes, ono
would imagine thnt mon who Bhould
know hotter regard "co-ops" ns short
cuts tn llio revolution. As nn nppnnnge
nf industrial organization for tho nllevi-
tition of prico fluctuations and the
provision of n commisurint, thoy nro till
that could bo desired. But of nil tho
royal rnt*ds to revolution devised by a
hundred years nf middle clnss Utopians,
the phalansteries, communes, land tnxes,
mutual credits of tho Proudhons,
Robert Owens, Saint Simons nnd Henry
Georges, this ono is tho most hare-
brainod, because, let us hope, the last'.—
The Intornntjpnnl, South Africa.
Candidato for the presidency of the Typo-
graphical union for the term beginning
Juno 1—Eleotlon to take plttCO May 24—
Ex-proBluonl for three terms and uu old*
Minor in Vancouver Typo, circles—A
member of the Daily World chapel.
[By Eugene V. Debs.]
The timidity, the downright crtivon-
neas of so many working pooplo is
the most discouraging thing about the
Labor movement. It is this more thnn
any other one thing that is difficult to
overcome. But oven this can and will
be conquered, for there is nothing, not
oven the gates of hell, that can stay
the march of tho earth's grand army of
toilers to emancipation.
And how thc weak und cowardly are
punished for their ernvenness! Thoy
nre in constant dread; they shiver with
fear. The sight of n petty boss unnerves
them. The very job to which they cling
seems to despise and muke sport of
A thousand times better is it to stand
up and be bold and strong, manly nnd
sel^j-eliant. The coward is a continuous and everlasting loser; the brave
mnu an eternal winner.
"I faced the Power of Darkness
And trembled at Iheir might;
Then hurled at them my challenge—
And tlieir darkness turned to light."
Dare to be u man in this great
struggle and to do a man's part to win
the victory for man! Dure to issue your
challenge ttt fate and your darkness will
turn to light, your weakness to strength,
your defeat to victory.
Wage Dispute at Ooal Creek.
Employees of tho Coal Creek mines
of the Crow's Nest Pass Cont Co. stopped work last week, owing to a dispute
as to the wages of the drivers. At a
mass meeting it was decided to temporarily return to work nnd hnve the request presented to tho operators by the
district representative of the union.
Not Alone Grind and Grub.
Tho Lnbor problem is not confined lo
work and grub. It has to do as well
with the higher interests of the people.
Luther Burbank writes: "The fact is
too often lost siglit of, or not known at
all, that the tops of the trees absolutely
govern the roots." And the wizard proceeds to show that tho loaves are of
prime importance becauso in them tho
food of the tree, iu condensed air nnd
sunshine, is mnde accessible to tho tree
as a whole. If a tree be rich in foliage,
it will be powerful in all its parts, becauso it has the capacity to take so
much nourishment from the air and
light. So organized labor recognizes
that the development of tho higher
faculties aro imperatively necessary in
order that the life may be rich and
strong.—Los Angeles Citizen.
"One touch of nature    makes    tht
whole world sia."
The renl man behind the gun is the
man who makes it.
Most women are curious, but tho most
curious thing in the world is u womnn
who isn't.
Safety moans freedom from danger,
injury or damage. Constant vigilance
is tho price.
Militarists want to make soldiers of
socialists because of their scientific
"It is the duty of tho great orator
to howl for war, and thon hold some
other man's coat whilo ne lights."—
Bill Nye.
The Tnppan Siding mnn who stole a
number of windows laBt w.oek could
safely be described as a panes-taking
Britain may have "tho freedom of
the seas," but you can't deny that tho
capitalists already have "the freedom
of the seize!"
"You can't keep u good man down/'
quoted tho Wise Guy. "Yes, but n
courso in aviation costs a lot of coin,"
udded the Simple Mug.
If everybody had a sense of humor
there would be no political campaigns,
no smnrt sets, no derby hnts, no silk
ditto, no spats, no frock coats, no cignrB
moro than one inch in diameter nt the
point of greatest thickness, no lorgnettes, no operas, no prominent citizens,
no hot dog sandwiches, no societies of
descendants of anything or anybody, no
sentimental songs, no country clubs, no
charity balls, no class struggle and no
wins. But if everybody had a senso of
humor Ihis would not bo such a humorous world.—San Francisco Bulletin.
Merchants who advertiso in
other papers but fail to do so ia
yours indicate by this fnct that
they enre little for your patronage, and you should reciprocate
by ignoring their stores. This is
not more phrasing. It is sound
reasoning. It is ndvico well
worth following. The B. C. Federationist is your papor, owned by
you and conducted under your
direction. Patronize its advertisers, and shun thoBe who do not
think enough of your patronage
to ask for it through the medium
of aa advertisement in your own
Summer Stoves for Home
and Camp
We havo selected what we consider the best, safest and most convenient of tho many small stoveB now on the market and our customers will
find one apd all thoroughly satisfactory for any small cooking operations,
CAMP STOVE—Sheet iron, two
holes, with oven and good size
fire box •. $2.00
■4-hole $3.00
A STOVE with a sheet iron body
and cast top, 4 holes and
oven.  Price $6.00
• of heavy steel, with oven; very
satisfactory and durable; two
holes $6.60
4 holes $8.60
OIL STOVES —Burn ordinary
coal oil. This stove is most useful in the home during tho summer months and will save you
lighting a lot of (ires. Metal
base, glass founts, Stoves
with 2 wicks $1.25
Stoves with 3 wicks...: $1.76
Wicks can be burned independently.
DOUBLE STOVES on the same
principle—two suucepanB can
be boiled at the same timo.
Prico  .,  $2.75
1 burner $ 3.50
2 burner cabinet stovc....$10.00
3 burner cabinet stove....$12.00
4 burner cabinet stove....$15.00
PORTABLE OVENS suitable for
use  on any of   theso   stoves.
Priced according to sizes at $2.00
to  -  $4.50
—Fourth Floor.
David Spencer Limited
(Continued from Page 1.)
man good. It is the complete negation
of all possibility of peace, order and
liberty. Undor its callous and brutal
sway the only uBefut part of human'
society can no longer bc assured of sustenance and is, therefore, drivon continually nearer to that despair that has
often led to wild nnd destructive revolt,
without tlio gain of compensating nd-
vantages. It is up to the working class
to add to its business of wealth production that of assuming complete command
of industry and of its product's. The
rule of capital must be brought to nn
end if tho workers are to survive. It is
the business of labor to seo that thc
job is done. This should be taken on,
not as a side line, because the control
of the products brought forth by labor
is even of greater importance to the
workers than their production. This
part of labor's business should, henceforth, be considered of the first importance. Thc working class has for so long
mnde the production of wealth its principal concern, and so cloBely havo the
workers applied their talents to that
purpose that it has come nbout that the
production of enough wealth to fairly
smother the capitalist world is inevitable if anything like the full working
'force ia kept at work. Labor has become so skilled and powerful at production that the industrial processes are
conducted almost automatically. It is
high time that the labor giant devoted
a considerable part of his time to mastering in like degree his control and enjoyment of the wealth he conjures forth
so prolilicnlly. That should be the chief
business of alt workers from now on.
Unequalled  Vaudeville Means
2:45, 7:20, 9:16     Season'a Prices:
Mttlnee,   ISc;   Evenings,   iflc,   26c.
Increase Your Husband's
Every woman can Inorenso hor hus-
blind's salary; nil sho hns to do Is to
use good judgment whon purchasing
anything for tho home..Every time yon
snvo money on & pioce of furniture
you nro thnt much better off. We
Kindly Invito you to coino In nnd inspect same.   Cash or easy payments.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Union-Operated Movies.
Vancouvor—Bijou, Colonial, Columbia, Crystal, Dominion, Drenmland,
Fairmont, Family, Globe, Grandviow,
Kitsilano, Majestic, Maple Leaf, Orpheum, Paatagos, Princess, Star, Strand.
South Hill Palace of Varieties, South
Vancouver; all theatres in Victoria,
New Westminster and Nanaimo; Empress theatre, Kamloops; Star theatre,
Non-union in Vancouver—Broadway,
Fairview, Progress, Rex and Empire
theatre, North Vnncouyer.
Printers and
Labor Temple
Phone Sey. 4490
printers of Tile Prd.
Ten Sub. Cards for $10.
Ten yearly Fed. sub. cards for $10.
Pay as sold.  Order ten at once and help
to push the Fed's, circulation.
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
BAOLBY & SONS, 161 Hastings Struct Seymuur 'H9
ULOCHDEKQKK, F. B„ 818 Broadway East Fairmont 208
BRAND & PKKRY, 620 Ponder Street, Welt   Seymour 2678
BUItltABD  PUBLISHING   CO.,  711  Seymour  Street    Soymour  8680
CLARKE &   STUART,   820 Seymour Stroot    .' Seymour 8
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIR PBINTINO CO., 487 Dunsmuir Street Seymour 1101
EVANS & HASTINOS, Arts and Grafts B!d|„ Seymour St Soymour 5650
JEWEL.L, M. 1... 841 Ponder St '. Soymour 1444
KERSHAW, J. A., 589 Howe St Seymour 8674
LATTA, R P., 383 Gore Ave Soymour 1089
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8851 Main St Fairmont 1988
MoLEAN & SHOEMAKER, North Vancouvor N. Van. 68
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Robson »s Soymour 4543
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 137 Ponder St Seymour 41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouvor N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS. World Building Seymour 9592
PEARCE & HODGSON. 518 Hamilton Streot .- Seymour 2928
ROEDDE, 0. A., 618 Homer Street .s Seymour 284
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 317 Cambie St Seymour 6509
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 203 Klngswny  Fairmont 1140
THE STANDARD, Homer Stroot  Soymour 470
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 Hastings W Seymour 8520
TIMMS, A. 11., 230 Fourteenth Ave. E Fairmont 621R
WESTERN PRESS, 323 Cordova W Soymour 7598
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., SB1 Dunsmuir St Soymour 3628
WHITE * BINDON, 528 Ponder West Soymour 1214
Writ* "Union Label" on Your Copy wben Ton SMd It to tha Printer
Vancouver Labor Temple Co., Ltd,
Comer Homer and Dunsmuir Streets    -    -   Vancouver, B. C.
Desirable hulls for rent for fraternal and sooial organizations. Con-
trally located aiid convenient to all ear lines. Adequate elevator service Halls range in capacity from HO to 700. Rates will compare
favorably with thoso charged for similnr halls throughout tho city. Por
rates, call or phono at Room 211, Labor Templo.
Oorner store and one Inside store to let reasonably.


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