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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 24, 1916

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Over Sixty Per Cent, of One
Week's Tickets Go to
Pressure Brought By White
Landlords to Prevent
the Practice
Tho fact that 60 per cout. of the meal
tickets provided by the Vnncouver relief bureau aro being used ot Chinese
eating joints, wns brought out at the
meeting of the civic relief committee
last Monday, tho report on tho Bubject
being of such a striking cbarnctcr as to
provoke lengthy discussion. This diB-'
cussion covered a wide Held, and touched upon the possible amendment of the
restaurant license bylaw so aa to prohibit the issuance of permits to places
employing Chineso labor.
The question of relief menl tickets
being returned by Chinese restaurants
was brought up by Aid. Woodsido at
the previous meeting of tho committee
as tho result of a discussion at a ward
seven ratepayers' meeting. At that
time full particulars as to the extent
of the practice were not available, and
the subject was merely laid over for
On Monday tho desired information
was provided by Relief Officer Ireland,
and the showing was such us made
nearly overy member of the committee
at once see that tho mutter was one
which was well worthy of consideration. • Mr. Ireland Baid that the value
of the meal tickets issued during one
month waB $1086.25. Of this amount,
Chineso restaurants cashed in tickets to
the amount of $623.30, nearly two-
thirds, while white rostauants took in
only $420.40. A Jap restaurant returned $17, while there was no account
of $25.55 in tickets.
"Wheels Within Wheels."
ProsB reports of the committee meeting state that tho entire committee
thought tho matter should be investigated with a view to the reported conditions being rectified. Aid. Rogers,
whilo saying that he had no love for
the Chinese, pointed out that there was
a legal aspect to be considered, and
that, anyhow, many white restaurant's
employed Chinese help.
From investigations which have been
made by The FederationiBt, it would
seem that thero are "wheels within
wheels" on this relief meal ticket proposition. Immediately the question of
preventing the cashing of these tickets
nt Chinese restaurants assumes a
threatening aspect, the proprietors of
the places visit their white landlords,
the white firms who sell them supplies,
etc., and tell the woeful tale of posaible
loss of trado with rosultant smaller returns. Promptly these whites rush to
the defence of their Chineso tenants or
customers and raise a hullabaloo where
thoy think it will do some good in putting a stop to the movement. It iB understood that' pressure of thiB kind is
brought to bear on the civic authorities
from sources which would surprise the
general public.
Relief Officer Ireland says he is anxious to have the meal tickets used at
white restaurants, but that the cuse is
so mixed up as to make it difficult to
carry out his ideas. He is willing to
adopt any course his committee will
outline to overcome the conditions
which obtain according to his last report.
^ The upBhot of tho committee's action
was the appointment of a special committee, consisting of Aids. Hamilton,
Woodside and Mr. Ireland to take up
the matter and report at the next mooting.
One method of dealing with the subject which has been suggested, is that
the authorities shall arbitrarily designate the restaurants at which the
tickets may bo used, the specific facts
as to the character of the place being
oept the Oriental standard of living as the standard of life for
the province?
Are the wage workers of British Columbia willing to have their
wages reduced to a level corresponding with that accepted by the
Oriental as sufficient to meet his ideas/of a living wage?
Are the employers of British Columbia anxious for the day when
the Orientals, now their employees, assume the position of competitors?
If, as is expected, the answers of readers of the above queries is in
thc negative, then the advice of The Federationist is "WAKE UP."
The great war which is now engaging the attention of the world,
and British Columbia in an especial manner, is now taking the attention of the public to such an extent that the question of thc growing
power of Orientals hero is being lost sight of. But, during thc war,
the wily Asiatic has kept plugging steadily along and is constantly
using for the advancement of his interests the peculiar local conditions created as a result of the war.
What is the Oriental doing today in British Columbia? What
about thc fisheries? What about the forest resources? What about
the mines? An investigation will show that in each of these fields
which cover particularly the natural resources of the provinoe, the
Oriental is steadily gaining a foothold, and that war conditions have
given him an opportunity for strengthening his position which makeB
thc consideration of the matter of special importance right now.
/In Vumw\
\   Oty. tt.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Insurance Agency Lobbyists
and Workers' Officials
In Conflict
Nothing but Fearless Action
Will Save Act from
first ascertained.
Chinese Help in Hotels.
In the discussion of the above question, allusion was made to tho fact that
tho Trades and Labor council wbb now
pressing for action which would bar tho
employment of Chinese at hotels and
would probably bring the matter before
the city council for consideration. This
question was argued before the license
commission Inst week, ub noted in The
FederationiBt, when it waa laid over
for consideration at another meeting. A
session of the commission was held last
week, but the subject was given the
"go-by," no montion boing made of tho
An editorial appearing in tho World
of this week strongly endorsed the attitude of the Trades and Labor council
in its opposition to the employment of
Chinese in hotels, dealing with the
question as follows:
"Employment of Chinese in the
hotels of this city is bard to defend.
The chief objections urged against the
abolition of such help is that it is more
capable than white labor, less difficult
to manage and will undertake tasks that
Europeans refuse to do. Incidentally
it is cheaper.
"Those who urge these reasons in
favor of retaining Chinese help forget
that' hotolB in eastern cities, where conditions are not radically different, conduct the;r business with white employees and seem to be able to do so
successfully. At any rate we hear no
complaint from them.
"But there are other considerations,
applying with peculiar force in Vancouver, to make us give the preference
wherever we can to the European worker At present thore are many capable
women out of work here and numberB
of returned soldiers atill awaiting employment. The civic relief office is supporting many widows and deserted
wWcb for whom opportunities of making a livelihood simply do not exist.
Some of these are quito willing to' work
in hotels. "Why should thoy not be given
the chance!
"Why should-Chinese, even if they
i are cheaper or more amenable to con-
tion of Labor and the railway
brotherhoods are this week engaged at
Victoria in furthering the interests of
the workers, in bo far as they are represented in the Workmen's Compensation
Advices from the Capital City are to
tho effect that the casualty insuranco
companies are bringing considerable
pressure to bear on tho government to
prevent the adoption of an exclusive
state insurance system.
Insurance Companies Worried.
Aa has been the case before every
legislature in America whero legislation
of this kind has been undor consideration, the representatives of the insurance companies are circulating weird,
untruthful statements about the effects
of state insurance, ana pointing ont
how eBaential it ,is that thoy be permitted to carry on operations as heretofore. The offects of their campaign is
found in various quarters—among the
members of the legislature—reflected in
the changed attitude of some employers
who seem to think the real reason for
their opposition iB concealed by hiding
behind the insurance companies.        ,
The case of the private insurance
companies resolves itself into a question
of whether the employers desire to pay
10 per cent, for state administration, or
40 per cent, for administration through
the insurance companies, and the government, in considering tho matter, if it
has the best interests of provincial industries at heart, cannot load them
with an unnecessary economic'wnste of
30 per cent, of premiums for administration.
Lobbyists All Busy.
The representatives of the workers
have spont considerable time in explaining the matter to members of the
legislature and pointing out that they
are not prepared to accept or ondorse
any system differentiating from that in
force in Ontario,11 Washington, Oregon
and Ohio.
No definite date for the actual introduction of tho bilt haa yet beon fixed.
Strong Indictment of Governmental Red
Tape in Fulfilling Promises
to Volunteers.
It was an ominous and disquieting finish to a strike of motion picture operators at Calgary, when the
places of tho men wero tnken by
returned soldiers. The returned
soldiera had recently been loarning
the work and had beon granted
certificates of competency by the
provincial governmont. It was their
availability which led the managements to take isBue with their old
employees, the object, no doubt, being to get the work done cheaper
after a little while.—Winnipeg
Cupid Acts as' Shipping Agent When
Business Agent Bums Signs Up.
Mr. W. S. Burns, tho populnr buainesB
agent of the Vancouver local of tho
Sailors' union, signed up for a life
cruise on Thursday evening, when he
was united in marriage nt the Mount
Pleasant Presbyterian church to Miss
Ella Murray. The newly-wedded couple
will remain in Vancouver, taking up
residence at the Acadia apartments,
Keefer street. Tho Federationist joins
with the waterfront boys in wishing
Mr. and Mrs. Burns a long and prosperous life.
trol bo givon the preference f After all,
our duty is to our own people first. They
nro an economic strength and support to
thc country and not an economic weakness na the Chineso only too often are."
Whites Benefit in Washington.
The Soattle daily press recently called
attention to the fact that the revival
of the lumber industry would this year
mean the large amount of $90,000,000
to the Washington mills. This is noted
undor flaring headlines as moaning much
to labor aa 63.3 per cent, of the wage-
earners in the stato are dependent on
the lumber industry for support, and
02.0 per cent, of the Washington wage
earnings go to these men. The distribution of their share of the flow of $90,-
000,000 during the year, $360,000 per
day, is said to guarantee prosperity to
the Washington wage-earners this year.
Thc point of the Btory, aa far as British Columbia iB concerned, is that the
Seattle article moans the distribution of
money to white men, for in Washington
thc Asiatic is not employed in the lumber industry.
What about British Columbia? A
considerable portion of the output of
tho Washington mills will be from logs
coming from British Columbia. In
Washington the white man getB the benefit, but in British Columbia, what happens! This year, for the flrst time,
and because of the revival of the demand for lumber, Orientals are taking
their places in the logging camps in
considerable numbers, and lire here getting the rcaultB of conditions which in
Washington are obtained for white
Orientals Benefit in B. C.
Suppose tho entire flood of $90,000,-
000 which is going to Washington mills
had come' to British Columbia. Would
tho white man have benefited! Take a
walk around tho lumber mills in this
section of the province; see tho hordes
of Orientals working for wagos which
would not give support on a white
man's living standard; and there is but
one answer to the question. In British
Columbia the Oriental gets the benefit
of increased prosperity in the lumber
trade and, where the white man is employed, he has to accept wages based on
the scale set by the Asiatic wage. One
case of this character could be quoted
where a white man waa compelled to
work for a large lumber company fot\
15 centa per hour nnd, evon then, work
15 hours a day with no allowance for
overtime pay.
It has been proved, time and time
again, that when the Oriental onco gets
u foothold in a certain line, the standard of wage in that field at once drops
becauso of his basing his wage demands
according to his standard of living. It
is not a case of possibly raising the
Oriental to the white standard; it is a
case of the certain lowering of the
standard of the whites. And thc effect
of this movement iB seen all along the
line of family life, fltore billa, otc, the
showing not being to the advantage of
any community. And the Oriental is
the only one who gets the benefit.
What About the Mines?
Thoro is no need of special mention
of tho field of fishing. It iB well-known
that the Japanese have gained n strangle hold on this important field of activity and nro, year by year, driving the
white man from tho waters whero ho
previously mnde a living support.
And what about the mines? Hon,
Lome Campbell may Bny as ho will
thnt he favors white labor in tho mines,
but it is cortnin that tho Oriental is
gaining ground iu this field. It is understood that only recently as many na 150
Japanese applied for certificates of
competency with a view to working in
the Extension mines. What about the
giving of such attention to tho educational features of this examination ns
will be a real test? Men who aro acquainted with'mining conditions on tho
island any that a real educational tost
applied to the Orientals in the coal
minos would result in tho greot majority of thoae now working disappearing
from the field.
It was only last week that a miners'
convontion at Trail passed a resolution
protesting against tho employment of
Orientnls in the copper mines owing to
the common danger to aU employees becauso of the timidity and ignoranco of
the Asintics and his lack of understanding of English.
Orientals in Other Fields.
It is not only in the field of natural
resources that the Oriental is making
his way. At meetings of Vnncouver
civic committeos last week, it was
pointed out thnt in tho restaurant business the Asiatic is now driving the
white man out of business, nnd tho
Vancouver Trndes nnd Labor council is
now compelled to put up a vigorous
fight in an effort to oust Orientals from
their work in licensed hotels, a field
which they aro practically monopolizing
deapito the number of unemployed
whites. When the question of farm
labor for the Northwest camo up, ono
alderman vory properly put tho question aa to why tho Fraser valloy farmers were employing Orientnls, thus forcing men who wero capable of working
on the land to loavo tho district,
1 Employers are, said to tako tho position that they engage Oriental labor bo-
No Consideration Given to
Appeal of Electrical
Meeting May Be Called to
Acquaint Public with
Real Facts
(Continued on pnge 4)
The electrical workers employed by the
New Westminatcr city lighting department, who went on strike last week,
are still out. During the week, events
have taken a turn which the workers
believe iB distinctly, to their advantage
nnd steps, both locally and at outside
points, are now being taken which 'are
expected to result In the city council
abandoning the arbitrary manner in
which the men were treated by Aid.
Eastman, and consenting to a consider-
tion of the wage question, Which iB the
point at issue.
Last Thursday afternoon the lighting
committee finally discussed the matter
at issue, and Aid. Bryson was in favor
of approaching the men and securing a
further extension of time until Mayor
Gray had returned from Victoria. Aid.
Eastman would not consider such a proposal, and the men went out that night,
as briefly noted in last week's Federationist.
On Friday morning the light committee considered the situation, nnd it
was decided, on the recommendation of
City Electrician Digby, that tho council
should meet the men in the evening to
go into the question again. It was decidedly the temper of the meeting tha*
there ahould be no Surrender, and Aid.
Eastman and Goulet snid that if the
demands of tho men wore mot, they
would resign.
Aid. Eastman Is Arbitrary.
The meeting with the men took place
in the evening, and tho results amounted to nil, as far bb a settlement goes.
The chairman of the light committee
started to engender bitter feeling before the men wereh nrdly seated by refusing to havo Mr. Dunn state the case
for them, or even ask any questions on
their behalf. A motion by Aid. Dodd
that Mr. Dunn should be heard was lost,
Aids. Eastman, Johnson,' Jardine and
McAdam voting against, and Dodd,
Bryson and Goulet voting for.
The mayor and some memberB of the
council then adopted the old method of
asking the men, individually, some
leading questions nnd getting answers
which showed they wero all of one mind
on the matter. The mayor also tried all
tho other old-time methods of scaring
the men by telling them how much they
would lose even if they won the strike,
and nlso threatening thnt if they won
the council would have to lay some of
them off, whereaB if they went back to
work at tho reduced scale they would
all bo kept on. The mon refused to become alarmed at thc prospoct and, seeing no chance to get a fair deal at the
conference, left.
Aid. Dodd then moved that tho matter be submitted to a board of arbitration, stating that the men could go
back to work in the meantime and the
board could settle the wholo affair by
tomorrow night. Aids. Eastman nnd
Goulet tried to block tho motion by
moving an adjournment, while Aid.
Dodd was speaking but, for a wonder,
they did not succeed. The motion was
lost, also another by Aid. Dodd that
the city pay 10 cents per day increase,
instead of the 20 cents asked by the
Local Inquiry Refused.
After the men had left thc meeting,
the secretnry of the Trades and Lnbor
council addressed the meeting, and
asked as a ratepayer to have tho authorities submit the dispute to a local
board of conciliation, so the general
public could get the true facts of the
case. The council refused this request
nlso, the mayor stating that if they did
so, it would open the way for other city
employees to ask for the same thing,
or, in other words, his statement meant
that thoy could not give the electrical
workers a fair deal because, if thoy Jul,
the other city employeea would nlso
want" a fair deal. The mayor wns also
of the opinion that if the council did
not hnve the executive ability to decide
the matter, they should resign. (With
the latter part of this view the writer
is in accord,)
At the time of this report the men
art1 all standing firm as the city lias
so far failed to get any competent men,
although they havo a few "blacklegs'*
working as strike-breakers, all of whom
nro green mon and will not bo able to
do tlie work if nny Berious storms
should come nnd damage the lines.
Charge of Violence Answered.
Two wires woro broken by the high
wind storm of Tuesday night, and Aid.
EttBtmnn immediately blamed it on the
striking men, although the breaks occurred so far away from a pole that' it
would bc impossible for any man to
reach to cut them, Tho mon, through
their representative, Mr. Dunn, havo
asked nil citizens who aro in sympathy
with the men not to commit any nets of
violence, ns they will bo ablo to convince tho public of tho morits of their
case by peaceful means and to eventually win the strike by such methods.
At tho meeting or tho Tradea and
Labor council on Wednesday night, the
roport of tho striking workers wns that
they considered they had a good* show
of winning out. They stated that tho
source of greatest danger was from City
Eloctricnl Superintendent Digby, who
wns continually "double crossing" tho
men by promising thom nil the assistance he could givo thom in order to get
a lino on their movements nnd, nt the
same time, wns urging tho light committee of the city council to fight them,
as he was ablo to get' all the men required.
On motion of Delegates Yntes nnd
Morris, if was decided thnt nil the mom-
hern of thc Trades council should attend the next meeting of the city council in a body and to call a public mass
mooting, if deemed necessary.
IMMEDIATE AND CONCERTED ACTION by the parties in British
Columbia who are interested in relieving the situation as regards
unemployment existing in this province will be necessary if any
relief is to be found in the field opened up by the starting of spring
work in the Northwest.
All that stands in the way of hundreds o'f men leaving Vancouver
at once for farm work on the prairies, thus relieving the local conditions and meeting what is stated to be a crying need in the Northwest,
is the establishment of harvester rates from this province to the field
of work. So far, the railways have paid no heed to such a demand,
even when made in telling form by representatives of the coast cities
and municipalities. On the other hand, special harvesters' rates from
eastern Canada to the prairies have been in force since March 14, thus
creating a condition which is distinctly prejudicial to British Columbia interests.
It is also understood that wholesale efforts are being made in Chicago and other middle western states to secure farm help from across
thc international boundary for the prairies, a movement which is distinctly unfair to the entire Dominion, and especially the Pacific coast
district, in view of the unemployment conditions now existing.
As was the case last fall, strong and concerted pressure must be
brought to bear on the railways if British Columbia is to send any of
her unemployed to the Northwest fields this spring.
Farm Help Is Needed.
The fact of the immediate need of
men for work on tho prairies waa
touched upon at the last meeting of the
Trades and Labor council, on statements
aB to the needs in Saskatchewan, the
secretary being instructed to write the
labor department of that province to
the effect that good men were available
here and requesting that the bureau arrange td^nke some of the needed help
from British Columbia
As to this need of help for the prairie
farmers, there is no doubt. Mr. G. D,
Ireland, relief officer for Vancouver,
says that many representations of thiB
character have been made to his office.
One man from Alberta went so far as
to send him $75 in order to cover advance expense for a man whom the
writer was willing to engage at $45 per
month. Mr. J. C. Belling of the Swift
Current board of trade, writes the Burnaby council asking if labor from that
municipality will not be again forthcoming to meet the demands this spring
as was done last fall, the farmers being
now nt their wits' end to meet the requirements. Relief Officer Fleming of
South, Vancouver states that he has
been informed from many sources as to
there being a great demand for men on
the prairiea at once.
Situation in Saskatchewan.
All these officials have tried to do
what they eould to arrange for the unemployed in their districts who are
suited for farm labor being sent to the
prairies. But, in every caae, they have
found that they are up against a stone
wall on the question of securing
special rate from the railways for the
Relief Officer Ireland wired Mr. T.
Molloy, secretary of the labor bureau
of Saskatchewan on March 14 as to the
possibility of farm latior being taken
from Vancouver. In reply he received
the following wire:
"As special reduced settlers and
homeseekers' rates from Eastern Canada
and the United Stntes were put in force
on all railways on March 14, a supply
of help is expected from theBe sources.
No reduced rates from British Columbia, therefore our opinion no use seeking help from that province,"
A confirming letter from Mr. Riley
states that Bhould the number of men
from the east and the States be insufficient to meet tho demands of Saskatchewan farmera, pressure would probably be brought to bear on the railwaya
to declare special rates from British
Columbia. Ab to the facts of tho case,
there was a groat demand for farm
labor with wages from $40 to $46 per
month and' board. Any capable men
who came from British Columbia would
have but little difficulty in finding work
in Saskatchewan.
Hundreds Are Ready to Oo.
On the strength of his message from
Mr. Molloy, Mr. Ireland wired Mr. H.
H. StevenB, M. P., stating that he had
fully 250 farm laborers from Vancouvor who wero anxious to get to the
prairies, while North Vancouvor had 50
such men in its limita and other adjoining districts could provido hundreds
more. It was asked that pressure be
brought for special harvesters' rates
from this coast to tho prairioa.
The South Vancouver authorities interviewed Mr. Brodie of tho C. P. R. on
Tuesday. Thoy statod that fully 400
men from tho municipality were anxious to go to the prairies this spring,
and that the declaring of a harvesters'
rate from Vancouver would greatly relieve the unemployed situation in South
Vnncouver, now acute on account of the
abandonment of extensive sewer work,
as woll aa meet tho demands on the
prairiea. Mr. Brodie replied that he
would consult tho Winnipeg officials,
and see what the situation waB at present, in view of tho declaration of
special rates from tho enBt and States.
He gave but little hope of the request
being granted, as the railway would
rather bring in farm help from the east
and tho States.
Tho Burnaby authorities took up tho
matter with Provincial Relief Officer
Fleming, asking that tho provincial authorities urge tho declaration of special
rates from British Columbia as many
mon from Burnaby would then go to
tho prairies.
Appeals Are Turned Down.
As far as is now known, all theso appeals to tho railways for special rates,
have been unavailing und, daily, the
chancos of British Columbia men getting work on tho prairies this spring is
growing loss. Mr. Grant Hall of the ('■
P. It., gives out a statement to tho effect that British Columbia will probably get tho special rates if tho authorities of the prairie provinces nsk for it,
but, in the samo breath, ho declares
that tho specinl rates now offered from
tho east and States, will probably meet
tho needs of the case.
It is understood that it. is useless to
approach tho G. T. P. or the Canadian
Northern for independent nction on the
rate question, as these railways are
guided on tho subject by the attitude
of tho 0. P. It. The position of the C.
P. R, is suid to be that for twenty years
it hns been  building np a policy of
Publicly Invites Applications
for Work on the B. C.
Electric .Cars
Officials of Men's Union Ex*
plain Reasons Leading:
Up to Action
1 years, the B. C. Electric railway this
week inserted an advertisement in the
classified columns of the local dailies
calling for applications for positions as
motormen and conductors on its cars.
It is understood that nearly 200 applications were preaented .as the result of
the advertisement.
Officials of the Street Railwaymen's
union state that the conditions which
led to the insertion of the advertisement have been gradually developing
for some time, and came to a point
when the new running sheet was posted
on March 15.
Tho policy of the company has for
some time been to increase the number
of evening rush hour specials. These
runs aro made only from nbout 4 to 7
p.m., thus providing only three hourfl
daily work for a crew. Thoy are so arranged that it is practically impossible
for thc men taking the runs to combine
them with other work offered so as to
make a living wago.
Enforce Nine-hour Day Rule.
In tho past it has been the practice
of the company to have theBe specials
manned by crews who were on regular
runs and had already done a full day's
work. For operating the special runs
these crews received only atralght time
pay. As the number of special runs was
boing constantly increused the union
was compelled to take action on the
matter, and to demand that the mon
should live strictly up to the terms of
the working agreement which provided
for a nine-hour dny with overtime wago
for overtime work. The union felt that
this action was absolutely necessary as,
with tho constantly increasing number
of specials, the tacit violation of the
nine-hour clause of the working agreement was rapidly making a farce of
tho provision.
Tho difficulties of the union to provide an ndequato amount of work for
tho crows consistent with a living
weekly wngo wero increnBed by tho
abolition of "block runs" on the new
running sheet. By the arrangement for
block runs, provision was proviously
mnde for every crew to have a day off
each week, thus providing work for a
larger number of men and also making
it possible for n man to get a pay envelope of proper amount for bis support
who, according to prosont arrangements
would not bo able to slick to his job,
"Spare" Men Now Scarce.
When the new running sheet was
signed, thirty-four men from the spare
1 ist were required to fill up the demands
for the three-hour evening specials,
tlniH leaving only eleven conductors and
sixteen motormen ns spnro men. Aa a
result of this condition, men on regular
runs find it. very hnrd to secure men to
take their places if they desire to lay
off for a dny. With the abolition of
the "block run," nnd the scarcity of
spares, because of tho allotment of 34
men for the three-hour special runs, a
regular man is thus virtually compelled
to work seven days evory week, without
any provision for a lny-off.
Business "Agent Hoover, of tho enr
men's union, stntes that thero hns been
no wholesale reduction in tho ranks of
tho mon recently, tho semi-monthly reports showing men leaving tho service
at the rate of only four or five for tho
Sailor Gives Reasons Which
Lead Him to Abandon
His Calling
Shortage Remedy for Crews
Lies Entirely With the
Ship Owners
(Continued on pago 4)
Will ThlB Evening Pay Their Respects
to Members Leaving for the Front.
The Bricklayers' union wilt hold high
jinks in the Lnbor Temple this evening.
The occasion is that of a aend-off to
membera of their union who will leave
during next week for the front, among
them being Messrs. Jimmio Hazlett,
Jack Pliair, Bud Osborne, Bill Kerr,
Jnck Klligot, M. McLeod and Jack
Riley. Not' only will thero bo aplenty
of smokes, but an attrnclivo musical
and vocal programme. A goodly number of local trade union officials will be
present to nssi«t the knights of tho
trowel in giving a fitting fnrewoll to
the boys going overseas,
"Once a Bailor, always a sailor," \4
an old Baying, but one which it is difficult to apply on this coast at the present time. With a general complaint of
insufficient bottoms to handle the butt*
nesa offered there is, on the other hand,
a complaint that there are insufficient
Bailors to man those bottoms whieh are
even now doing business from Paelfle .
ports. As a result, we constantly read
of vessels leaving without full crews
and, on the other side of the line, mas*
tera voluntarily paying fines under the
United States Seamen's act in order to
leave port with less than the stipulated
number of certificated men. Why, with
the existing conditions of unemployment, does such a condition prevail t"
The above query was put by The FederationiBt to a deep sen Bailor recently,
and his reply showed that Ballon are
abandoning the seafaring life chiefly
because of the conditions under which
the shipowners expect them to work.
Conditions on Sailing Vessels.
"Tou'11 find," said the informant,
"thnt the scarcity of men is moat noticeable on sailing vessels. And there
are very good reasons for this condition. Take the one question of wages.
On sailing vessels the pay is from $15
to $20 per month leas than on steamships and, as long as there is a possibility of getting on a steamer, the sailor '
who sticks to his calling will certainly
fight shy of the Bailing vessel.
"The accommodations provided for
sailors on the great majority of sailing
craft are enough to drive any except
the most hardy from the field of work.
The quarters are very small, from 6 to
8 men being obliged to make their quarters in a space which is only about large
enough for one man to move around la
with comfort. These quarters are
usually dark and very often are extremely damp. The deck is nearly always awash in bad weather, and there
is no chance for a man to properly dry
either himself or his clothing. The
fo-castle is also the mesa room. Once
in a while a table is provided but, if
there is none, the men have to eat with
thoir plates on their knees.
Food Usually Poor.
"Then, take the food provided. Usually, it is of the coarsest kind and the
poorest quality, but it is a case of eat
or go hungry, as thero is no choice.
"Only those who have been on a sailing voyage and seen for themselves the
conditions under which the Bailors are
compelled to live realize the hardships
they undergo. A person who has not
tnken such n trip will find it hard to
adequately understand the real condition of affairs. The man who once gets
an understanding of tho case, however,
will not be at a loss to give a reason
for a shortage of men to man such vessels.
"Thon, take tho case of steamships.
There is a general opinion that the men
are working on them under much better conditions than on sailing vessels.
They refer to the consting steamers,
and say that on these the men get good
food, adequate accommodations and are
Bure of getting their monoy regularly.
They imagine that the lot of the sailor
on a steamer is a pleasant ono, indeed.
Remedy Lies with Owners.
Far from it, however. A sailor's
life, even on steam craft, is anything
but a bod of rosea. It means hard work
at low pay. It means that a man is
tied down hand and foot by lnws which
bind him to the ship, make him subject
to the whims of the master, make him
liable to imprisonment if he attempts
to leavo, etc.
The lifo of a Bailor, under conditions existing on this const, is anything
but congeninl work. It's no wonder
there is a scarcity of men to man the
ships. No mnn with any flense of manhood will stick at the job if there is nny
chance of his getting other work ns tho
sailor's life is only another form of
What is the remedy f Let the shipowners make things worth while for tho
men who go to sen. Let tho men havo
the right to own their own bodies nnd
njoy some of the privileges of a freo
man. Then the owners will find thnt
mnny Bailors who hnve forsnken the sea
will drift bnck to it again in response
to the mysterious cull which makes
overy mnn who has onee been a sailor
long again for tho 'lifo on tho rolling
wavo,' "
Conference of Interested Trades Unionists Will Meet Sunday Afternoon.
A call has been issued by a committeo
of Local 676, Bartenders' International
Icaguo, for a conference which will bo
hold in the Labor Templo noxt Sunduy
afternoon ut 2 o 'clock, Tho call is addressed to nil Labor organizations, tho
livelihood of whoso members would bo
threatened or affected should tho prohibition legislation, on which n referendum will probably be taken at tho coming provincial elections, carry. Tho
meeting will bo of a preliminary nature
and will tako up tho subject entirely
from the workers' point of viow.
Tho meeting is being arranged in accordance with tho terms of a resolution
passed at the laBt meeting of tho Bartenders' local na follows: "That in
view of the prohibition bill which iB to
bo introduced nt the prosent sossion of
tho provincial legislative assembly, and
to be voted on by the electors at tho
provincial election, which will take
plnco in tho near future, it behooves
the organization whoso livelihood will
be affected by such legislation to get
together in committee und deviso wavs*
to opposo the efforts of those whose ambition it is to tako our livelihood away
from us." PAGE TWO
88 BtuebM In Om«d»
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'Unit; of Labor: tbe Hope of tho World'
contributed as groat a per cent, of
her population to the military
forces of the empire during the present
war us nny other subdivision of that
empire. Many havo
alreudy lost their
lives upon the field
of buttle, and more
will follow. Mirny
will return more or
less incapacitated from following their
previous avocations. Others, and it is
to be hoped ttoeir numbers will be great,
will return unscathed from tho carnage
und slaughter of war-mad Europe. Just
what the conditions are to be which
theso returned soldiers will bo compelled to face upon this coast is a matter
to which we may well give our earnest
consideration. Problems are more than
likely to ariso for the workingmen of
British Columbia to solve that cannot
be properly solved unless the workers
are guided in their actions by a clear
understanding of the situation from
which these problems may arise.
* *       #
That  there  has  long  been  a  large
amount of Oriental labor in this province is known to every one. That
some of this labor, more especially Jap
nnese, affords a most serious threat to
the welfare of white labor is also a
matter well-known to ull who have
given any thought to the question. With
a tireless persistence the Japanese
workers have crowded, und are still
crowding, themselves into the industries of this provinco and they are being aided and abetted by the sagacious
profit-mo ngeri 11 g element which
seems to direct the destinies of this
neck of the woods. Tho white fisherman hus all but been put out of business already by the Jap, and it is an
open secret that he is to receive his
complete finish in the salmon fishing in
the near future, if the plans of tho salmon cannery interests do not miscarry.
The artfully devised fishing regulations
whereby the canners each receive a job
lot of fiBhing licenses each year, which
they can and do use for the purpose of
employing Japs, to whom these precious
canners supply all boats and other fishing gear, enables them to secure the
bulk of their fish at a price that spoils
ruin to the freo white fishermen who
must furnish his own license and fishing gear. Tho cannery interests, in
conjunction with Dominion officials of
tho underling type, are each year forcing the white fishermen out of the field
by this and kindred allied schemes.
* *       *
We learn that tho move is now on
foot to introduce Japanese labor into
coal mines, not a thousand miles from
Vancouver Island. It appears that application has already been made for a
large number of licenses or permits to
work in theBe mines, and theso applications have been made either by, or on
behalf of Japs. And now comes word
that the Jap is being introduced into
the lumber camps of British ColumbiU,
a field that has hitherto been practl
cnlly monopolized by the lumberjack of
white extraction.
* *       *
Let it be distinctly understood that
wo have no quarrel with the Japanese,
or any other worker. They, like the
white workers, are morely pawns upon
tho chessboard of capitalist exploitation, and used without conscionco or
mercy, one against the othor, wherever
and whenever the interests of overlords
und profit-mongers may require. No
Oriental, or other alien labor is in thiB
province and pressing upon tho whrte
labor previously hore, that has not been
brought here by or through tho instlga
tion of somo capitalist interest that
could bo conserved thereby. Whatever
quarrel we have must, therefore, be
with that interest in human society
which foBters such a condition and fattens upon itB results.
4t * *
We will be told that cheap labor,
more especially of the Oriental type, is
necessary to the successful operation
of the industries of thiB. province. This
is beliod by the fact that, in the Balmon
canning industry, for instaucc, upon
the other side of tho lino, no Orientals
are employed and yet.the goods are fat
upon the samo market in which tho
British Columbia product is disposed of
and sold in competition with it. Fish
uro actually bought in thc Fraser river
district of British Columbia and towed
across the line to Beilingham and Arm-
cortes and packed by white labor and
sold in the English market in competition with the pack of tho Fraser river
cannories. Thii talk of the necessity of
having Oriental labor if industry ia to
survive, is pure guff. Tho fact is that
no white community can survive that
resorts to it.
* ♦       *
When   the   '' boys   como   marching
home" they will return to conditions
far worse than when they left. More
avenues of labor will have been filled
by the tireleBB and docile Oriental. The
struggle for a living will be harder
than ever and If low wages and docility
are to be the tokens of employment
and, therefore, food and shelter, the returning veterans of the war will have
to accept theBe conditions as the logical reward for having "done their bit"
for king and country. The war in
Europe is truly a gigantic one, replete
with horror and devastation. When it
is over and the survivors having returned to civil life find themselves in
the midst of industrial conditions even
worse than before, they may well ask
themselves if the preservation of a
civilization that entails such awful
sacrifices is worth the price. Slavery
and scant living in times of peace and
slavery and slaughter in time of war,
is not a very pleasing picture to say
the least. When tho boys come marching home and find jobs still Bcurcer
than before, perhaps they will think it
over.   Thoy may even wonder why.
VANCOUVER Trudes and Lubor
council is entitled to congnitula-
tions for having withdrawn its
candidates and abandoned its efforts to
take part in provincial politics as a
Labor party. In taking this action tho
members of the
council were,
doubt, prompted by
a realization of the
fact that a political movement of La
bor, to bo effective, must be nation
wide, and baBed upon such principles
as must appeal to overy member of thc
working class, either organized or unorganized. It is unfortunately true that
organized Labor is, as yet, made up of
mon of conflicting economic and political views. While somo may realize the
necessity of action upon absolutely independent lines ond at all times in the
strictest opposition to all capitalist political and economic requiremuts, others
are still laboring under the delusion
that the interests of Labor may be conserved by means of concessions obtained through the political parties of the
employing class. So long as this delusion
rests in the minds of a sufficient number to enable them to shape the political activities of Labor, any effective at
tack upon the privileges and powers of
capital will be impossible. No appreciable amelioration of thc harsh conditions confronting the workers need be
oxpectcd. All attempts to launch Labor
parties that are to work at all in harmony with any of the political parties
of capitalism and all efforts to induce
the workers to, in any manner, support
such political parties, are a danger to
the cuuse of Labor and if successful,
tend to prolong the miseries that the
working class suffers under this regime
of profit and plunder.
* *       *
As to the virtue of capitalist legislation on behalf of those who toil, many
instances may be found in current history. In this province we have "Coal
Mines Regulation acts" and other similar measures upon the' statute books.
They read well and some of them are
already quite ancient. But is there an
observing person in thiB province that
does not know that every provision in
these acts calculated to protect the
workingman and safeguard his interests
is either openly ignored or artfully
dodged by the employers? Compensation acts are also upon the statute
books, and yet the victim of industrial
misfortune must run the gauntlet of
legal chicanery and court buffoonery in
order to obtain what the law, upon its
face, evidently promised him. That
which the workmnn is promised by capitalist law and that which he has bunded
to him by thc mechanism of legal juggling and artful dodging, are two different things.
* *       *
A most striking instance of thc superlative virtue of a Labor law enacted
by a capitalist legislature and depend
ing upon capitalist executive machinery for its enforcement, is afforded by
the much-heralded "Seaman's Law" of
the United States. Tho fame of Andrew Furuseth, who lobbied for the bill
for more than twenty ycarB at Washington and waB finally rewarded by its
passage, hus spread throughout the
earth as the man who freed the sailor,
Tho sailor waB, by thiB bill, to be
lifted to the pinnacle of freedom and
affluence so long and happily enjoyed
by the wage earner of terra Jlrma. And
thero was great rejoicing among those
whose political policy has long been
that of "rownrding our friends and
punishing our enemies.'' In other
words, those who hold thnc the political
activities of Lnbor should be confined
to boosting for whichever political
party of capitalism would make tho
most rosy promises. Well, the "Seaman's act" has been in force for some
months, That is it is supposed to be in
force. Strange to Bay, however, the
shipping interests are only paying attention to it in such manner ub they
aeo fit. The law, as is the case with
all laws, will not enforce itself and all
of the machinery whereby a law could
be* enforced being in the hands of tho
shipping and allied interests, it is not
a matter of record that such interests
ever travelled a costly pnthway when a
chenper route could be found. Hence,
tho "Seaman's law" is a joke. Hav
ing no power with which to enforce it,
the promised betterment of conditions
for the seaman has, like dead sea fruit,
turned to ashes upon Furuseth'a lips,
So much for the virtue of capitalist
Labor law purchased by twenty years
of lobby sweat.
* *      *
The two namos for tho same thing
here in British Columbia, i. 0., Liberals
and Conservatives, are also prolific in
their promises of salvation for the harried slaves of capitalism. The Conservatives are in and want to stay in,
They are, therefore, dangling certain
promises before the delighted eyes of
the workera for the purpose of leading
them into supporting the Tory candidates once again. The Workmen's Compensation act is the chief-among these
promises at present. In fact it is the
most promising one. No doubt this bill,
as it will probably be presented to the
house at Victoria, will contain much
that might be of advantage to workers
who might receive injuries or death in
the operation of industries, but it
should not be forgotten that its enforcement would bo in the hands of the
Belf-same legal machinery expertB who
so thoroughly and effectively do not enforce the provisions of tho '' Coal Mine
regulation" and other presumably Labor-benefiting laws. The multitude of
laws enacted, plus those already promised und yet moro to come, are but so
much edifying junk, so long as the enforcement theroof remainB in tho hands
of thoso interests nguinst which these
acts and laws are directed.
* »      *
The Liberals, being out, of course,
want to get in. As they havo no other
known policy thnt in any manner diffors
from that of tho Conservatives, such
political bull con und labor soft soap
us they peddle should find no takers
among working peoplo.
# # ■»
Those who look for relief from the
brutal exactions and tyrannies of capitalist rule, through the ngeucy of those
political movements that spring into
being solely for the preservation of
capitalist interests, will look in vain.
In . fact auch simple-minded working
folk ought not to be allowed to run at
large lest they meet with a fate similar
to that of the old horse who follows the
bunch of carrots, dangled in front of
his nose from a pole 'tied to his own
fool neck, into the hopper of a mill
from which he eventually emerges in
the shape of commercial fertilizer and
It is more than doubtful whether the
Victoria aggregation of promiseful politicians will have sufficient time during
the present session to put forward dny
compensation or other Labor promised
legislation. Each gang is so busy calling the other gang hard names nnd arranging or trying to arrange for royal
commissions und other contraptions for
rooting into each other's rascality that
all other and less serious matter mny
have to be shelved. But even so, the
laboring people of the province will lose
nothing thereby. They may reBt assured of that.
provinco aftor provinco declare
themselves moro or less emphatically opposed to the traffic in spirituous
und malt liquors, it does not require a
prophetic adept to ar-
rive at tho conclusion
Stir?,- that   a   multitude   of
bibulously    incl i n e d
persons now living arc
doomed to suffer the
experience of an extreme dry spell not
long hence. Everything points to the
complete triumph of the prohibition
cnuse within the near future. However much we may object to being thus
arbitrarily deprived of our long cherished right to load ourselves up with
the stuff that befuddles the brain, upsets the stomach, makes us wobbly in
the legs and a general all around nuisance to everybody, including our own
precious selves, we might as well cheerfully face thc fact that we nre to be
made good by law. We are to be saved
from our own weakness and folly, and
Bhould we henceforth desire to make
fools of ourselves by the intoxication
route we shall bc compelled to resort
to tea, milk, or even plain water for
our inspiration. A sorry sort of job will
be turned out on that sort of stuff.
* *      *
While the parsons and the rest of the
"holier than thou" folk are vociferously engagd'd in furthering the prohibition cause upon the ground of solicitude for our moral welfare, there is
much in evidence to show that the purpose tbat lies behind the movement is
far from a moral or ethical one.
' * * *
It has long since been noticed by employers of lubor that a worker who did
not partake of intoxicants was more
efficient than ono who did. In other
words, liquors possess no food value,
but on tho contrary use up and waste a
certain nmount of energy because of the
necessity of the human body expelling
the non-assimilublo und poisonous matter and recovering from itB evil effects,
Energy thus expended brings no profitable results to the employer of labor.
In fact the employer feels that he has
been swindled by such practice and in
truth he has, As he purchases the labor
power of tho workman he is properly
entitled to the delivery of the maximum
quantity and quality that can be delivered by the normal workman, who is
physically and mentally fit, more especially physically. Men who have
even lightly indulged in intoxicants are
found to bo less efficient and, therefore,
profitable than total abstainers. The
heavier drinkers are still worse. As
thia is tho ago of efficiency, that sort
of thing must be cut out. The greater
the efficiency of labor tho greater the
profit accruing from itB employment,
either in peaceful industry or the noble
art of war.
* *      *
The apostles of efficiency and their
"holier than thou" lieutenants need
not, however, "lay tho flattering unction to thoir souls" that the moral,
ethical and material purification of the
workers, via prohibition, is going to
extend tho lease of life of the present
system of property and its capitalist
beneficiaries. On the contrary, it will
tend to hasten its end. A sober work-
ing class is a far greater danger to
tyranny and oppression than a drunken
one. A class, that Ib free from the debasing effects of malt and spirituous
liquor will not be so readily amenable
to the influence of patriotism, religion
and other mental and metaphysical
vagaries and ebullitions. That will
meun danger to rulers and ruling class
*       *       #
The closing down of the liquor traffic
will throw hundreds of thousands of
workera into other occupations, and a
horde of defunct liquor dealers into
other lines of business, thus tending to
aggravate a situation that is even now
none too satisfactory from either tho
business man or workman's standpoint.
It will emphasizo the struggle for business on tho one hand, and for jobs upon
tho other.
Greater efficiency means a wider margin between wages and profits. It
means a greater accumulation of surplus value, therefore a moro rapid augmentation of capital, a fiercer struggle
for the world's market, hence a speedier
realization of the final collapse of capitalism, because of it's inability to dispose of its products. Howover much we
may deplore being deprived of our
champagne and other choice old wines,
let us solace ourselves with the reflection that everything is for tho best in
the end. Our rulers and their apostles,
henchmen and toudies, can do nothing,
either of us or to us, without driving a
nail iu the coffin of the capitalist
Just in passing. Ever notice the absence of tho Union Label on practically
all the recruiting campaign literature
being circulated throughout Canada?
Tho latest batch of it hails from Hamilton, Ont'.
According to tho charges mude
against the shell committee at' Ottawa,
the British and Cauudiun treasuries
havo been mulcted to the tune of $80,-
000,000 or $100,000,000. In our youth
wo were trimmed by tho shell game occasionally upon circus day out of from
$2 to $5, All of which goeth to show
that the shell game has kept puce in
both scope and mugnitude ulong with
the other basic industries of this capitalist age.
Quite a "tompest in a teapot" was
recently stirred up in the city council
recently over tho discovory that most
of the meal tickets issued by the city
rolief bureau wore us*od in Chinese res-
taurants. The worthy council evidonlty
overlooked the fact that a chink meal
is tho only ono it is possible to purchase with a ticket of such lilliputiun
proportions as those issued by the commercial and financial metropolis of British Columbia.
Great Brituin, France, Germany,
Italy, Belgium and Portugal possess betwixt them nearly all tho continent of
Africa. They are all using native black
men to do thoir fighting down in that
region. The Taeoma Tribune remarks
that: "Black man is shooting black
man in the white man's quarrel. The
reason of the war is beyond the com
prehension of the native aolider, and its
outcome is n matter of small importance.'? Of course the samo could not' be
said with equul truth of the white man
fighting in Europe.
Tho Industrial Banner, official publication of the organized Labor movement In Toronto, hus found it necessary
to reduce to four pages. Liko The Federationist, two years ago, The Banner
was an eight-page paper, but it man
aged to hang on to six pages up to last
week. The Voice, Winnipeg, has managed to hold on with eight pages, six
columns, as of yore. No less than half
a dozen Labor papera in Canada have
beon forced to suspend publication
since the outbreak of war. There is
now a prospect of the District Ledger,
Fernie, resuming publication. It' begins
to look, howover, as though rock bottom had been struck, and that from
now on there will be at least some im-
provemont in industrial conditions and
consequently in tho Labor press. Newspapers generally have experienced their
own troubles during the past' two years,
and the record of suspensions haB beeu
by no means confined to the LuEor
press. The Federationist has more than
held its own ao far as circulation is
concerned, but loss of advertising patronage necessitated a reduction to four
pngCB somo months ago, Expenses havo
now beon reduced sufficiently to meot
the cut in rovenuo and The Federationist will surely pull through, thanks to
the hearty support of its many friends
throughout the organized Labor movement of tho province.
The Labor movement', liko overy
other movement that moves, is subject
to a good deal of uncomplimentary remarks from those who Btand still and
sneer. Probably the mule who looks
over the fence and wobbles un oar at
the lightning express has a rather small
opinion of railroad speed.—Coast Seamen's Journal.
"Those gold-trimmed, diamond-bedecked mastera of our country are more
dangerous to the liberties of our people
than a hundred dens of red-shirted,
flannel-mouthed anarchists; for the anarchist Is opposed to all government,
and all law, while these soft-pedalled
pussy-footed pirates in politics and marauders in business, without one restraining sentiment for the love of God
or the respect of human rights, would
make government a mighty machine to
rob, plunder and pillage a helpless people under pretext of law." The above
remarks listen like the "ravings of a
soap-box socialist," but it la simply a
quotation from a apeech made by the
Hon. James H. DnviB, a congressman-
nt-large from Texas.	
Dlrecton: R. P. Pettlplece, president [Jas.
Campbell, J. W. Wilklnion, Oeo. Wllby, w. J.
Nagle, P. Blnmberg, H. H. Free, Mln Helena
Gutleridie. Fred A. Hoover, J. Byron. Ju.
H. MeVety, manager and iecretary-treamrer,
Room 311, Labor Temple,
Westminster Trust Co.
Head Office: New Westminster, B. C.
Managing Director   Secretarjr-Twaaurer
Houses, Bungalows, Stores and modern suites for rent at a big reduction. Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at $2.50 up. Wills drawn up free
of charge. Deposits accepted and interest at Toox per cent, allowed on
daily balances.
In animal convention in January. Executive officers, 1010-17; President, Jas. H. McVety; vico-presidonts — Vancouver, J.
Brooks, E. Morrison; Victoria, C. Slvorta;
Now Westminster, W. Yatos; Prince Rupert,
W. li. Denning; Rovolstoke, J. Lyon; District 28, U. M. W. of A. (Vancouver Island),
W. Head; District 18, U. M, W. of A.
(Crow's Nest Valley), A. J. Cartor. Sucre-
tarytronsuror. A. 8. Wells, V. O. Box 158B,
Victoria, B, C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meets flrst and third Wednesday,
Lnbor hall, 1424 Government street, at 8
I), in. President, A. S. Wells; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 802, Victoria,  B. O.
of America, local 784,  New  Westminster.
Moots second Sunday of each month at 1;30
p.m.    Socretary, F. W. Jameson, Box 49'
Ask for Labor Tomple  'Phone  Exchange,
Seymour   7496   (unless   otherwise   itated),
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Room 804;
Andy Graham,
Electrical Workers (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207.    Sey. 3511).
Engineers (steam)—Room 216; E. Prendergaat.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenne. Office phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey, 6869.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 305,
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 213 Haatinga atreet
west.    Soy.  8708.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymour 5000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelande. Room 206.
Allied Printing Tradei Council—R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Barbers—S. H. Grant, 1301 7th avenue west.
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—Maloolin Porter, View Hill
P. O.
Bookblndors—W. H. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty-
fourth avenue eait.
Boilermakers—A. Frasor,  1151 Howe street.
Brewery Workors—Chas. G. Austin, 732 7th
avenuo cant.
Bricklayors—William 8. Dagnall, Labor Tom
Brotherhood of Carpentors District Council
—F. L. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T,
Sollowny, 1157 Harwood street. Seymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and En'
glneineri— C. W. Pulham, 1308 Seymour
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen—D. A,
Munro, P. O. Box 243.
Brotherhood of Railway Cannon—M. D.
Jordan, 1060 Granville street.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees— E. Corado, 286 Clark drive.
Cigarmakers—W. H. McQueen, oare Kurti
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 304, Labor Templo,
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenue,
Electrical Workeri (outside)—E. H, Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical Workers (Inside)—F. L. Eating*
hausen, Room 207.
Granite Gutters—Edward Hurry. Columbia
Garment Workeri—Mn. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Horseshoers—Labor Temple,
Letter Carrien—Robt. Wight, 177~-17th
avenue west.
Laborers—George Harriion, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 913 Eighteenth
avenne west.
'Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805, Labor
Moving Picture Operaton—H. 0. Roddan, P.
0. Box 845.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty street.
Painters—Geo. Weston, Room 808, Labor
Plumbers — Room 206 _, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—E. Waterman,  1167 Georgia St.
Plasteren—John James Coralih, 1800 Eleventh avenue Eaat,
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 4660 Argyle
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, ean Columbia. Hotel.
Seamen'i Union—W. S, Burni, P. 0, Box
Structnral Iron Worken—Room 908, Labor
Stonecutters—Jamea   Rayburn,   P.   O.   Box
Sheet Metel Worken—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street Railway Employees—Jamea E. Griffin,
166 Twenty-flfth avenue east.
fltereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppin, Box 842.
Trades and Labor Council—Miss Helena Gutteridge. Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 66.
Tailors—C. McDonald,  Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 540
Twenty-third avenue east.
Bricklayers—H, Wand, W. Pipoa, W Dagnall. t
Barbers—8. H. Grant, J. P. Farris.
Bartenders—H. Davis, W. Laurie, W. MotUshaw, G. Kelly, J. Smith.
Bookkbinden—F. Mansell, F. Napier.
Brewery Worken—A. Mylei, J. Sykei, J.
Olvlo Employees—J. Sully, G. Kilpatrick, F.
Cooks, Walten, Waitresses—A. Graham, W.
Carpenten, No. 617—Jamea Campbell. Ge«.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morriion, R. N,
Garment Workers—
Hone ShoerS'—
Deep Sea Fishermen—Rnssell Kearley.
Letter Carriers—Fred Knowles, R. Wight, J.
Dodd, R. Kirkwood, A, Cook.
Longshoremen—F. Wllllama, D. Sinclair.
Machinists—J. Brooks, J. H. MoVety, A, R.
Milk Wagon Driven—A. H. Porter, C. Borden, Geo. Andenon.
Moving Picture Operaton—
Printing Pressmen—J. J, Bothers, Thomas
Plumbers—J. Cowling.
Pattern Makers—R. MeDougall, H. S. Night-
Painters and Decorators—W. J. Nagle.
Printing Pressmen's Assistants—
Pile Drivers and Wooden Brldgemen—
Street Railway Employees—F. Haigh, F. A.
Hoover, W. H. Cottrell, W. E. Beattie, J,
Anton, H. Wlttlngton, A, Lofting, R.
Stone Cutttrs—J. Downle.
Sheet Metal'Workers—A, J, Crawford.
Stage Employees—A. M. Harrington, Q. 0.
Bailors—W, F. Burni.
Tailors—Din Leigh, C. MoDonald, Helena
Typographical-R. P. Pettlpleoe, W. R. Trotter, 3, E. Wilton, H. L. Corey, J. R, Mel-
■om, Geo. Bartley.
Tile Layers—F. Rlugle, R. Neville.
lim mil tbi'rd 'i'nursduya, Executive
board: Junius ii. McVoty, pruBideut; R. P.
Pettipiece, vico-pruBidonl; Ml., Hulona Out*
teriuge, general secretary, 21u Labor Temple*
r'rod miowJob, treasurer; W. ii. Cotterill
statistician; sorguant-at-aruiB, Joliu bully; a
J. Cruwlord, Jub. Campbell, J. Brooks, Inis*
Moots second .Monday ln tlio mouth
rroBidont. ii. J. Botliol; secretary, B H.
NeuluudB, 1'. 0. Box till.
BARTENDERS' "LOCAL-Ni. 076.—Office,
Boom 2D6 Labor Tomple. Moots tint
Sunday of oacti month, Prualdent, Jamea
Campbell; flnanclal aeeretary, 11. Davis, Box
424; puoiie, oey. 47a2; rocurumg secretary,
wm. inottisnaw, tilooo Hotel, Juuiu atroot.
—.Meeta every tal una jm iueaduy.
8 p.m., Boom Siu7. President ii. i\ Wand;
corresponding secrotary, >v. a. Dagnall, Box
bB; nnanclal secrotary, VV. J, Pipes; business
agent, VV. a. Dagnall, Boom 2io.
U. B. vv. oi A.—Aleuts lirst and third Mon.
day of each month, Boom 802, Labor Templo
8 p.m. President. LhaB. A. Thomas; secretary, Chas. G. Austin,  73a Seventh avenue
and iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouvor Lodgo No. 194—Meets
flret and third Mondays, 8 p.m. Presldsnt,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenuo weat:
aeeretary, A. FrOBer, 1151 Howo atreet.
PACIFIC—Meets at 487 Gore avenuo overy
Tuesday, 7 p.m. Russell Kearloy, business
meets room 206, Labor Temple, every
JW*% 8 *:?■ Preaident, D. W. flofiougall
116.! Powell atreet; recording secretin
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; flnanclal secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison. .
Room 207, Labor Temple. """raaon,
.*., ■ ■!,bfl"* U"10*1' *No* 65—Meets flrst and
third Friday of each month, Lnbor Temple.
Preaident, E. 0. Appleby; aeeretary, Oeorge
SKvfy •"S"1"*1"8 »8™*, John Sully, room
220, Labor Tomple. All laborers Invited to
SOCIATION, Local 8852. Offlce, A.,",
elation hall, 10 Powoll atreet. Moots every
Sunday, 2:30 iun._Thoraas NUon, sccrotar"
and fourth Fridays at 8 p.m. President,
J. Mclvor; recording secretary, J. Brooke,
flnancjaljiecrotary, j, h. McVoty.
TORS' UNION, Local *&., IAT
S. E. & M, P. M. 0.—Meets flrst Sunday of
each month, Room 204, Labor Tomple.
President, W. E. McCartney; Bnainesa
Agent, fc. J. Huttlemayor; Flnanclal and Cor*
B*P°345        oere"r'' H* c* Roddan. P. 0.
AMERICA—Vnncouver and vicinity
Branch meeta let and 8rd Fridays at Labor
Temple, Room 205. H. Nlghtacales nresl*
dent, 270 Flftyslxth .vennS ...t; jo? G.
Lyon, flnanclal secretary, 1721 Grant street:
J. Campbell, recording secretary, 4869 Argyle
VV?m»V»B J'1".,"'"'0 PASSMEN'S
UNION, No. 69—Meets aecond Tuesday. 8
p.m., Room 204. Preaident, W. Bell, 2220
Vine street; .secretary-treasurer, E. Water-
man, 1167 Georgia street; recording secre-
tary, W. Shannon, 1739—28U1 avenuo east.
PLOYEES, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wed-
un?? tf. 2:S0 'J!d 8 P*m* Preaident, W.
H. Cotterill; recording Becretary, Jas. E. Grif-
fln, 186 Twenty-Hfth avenue eaat; financial
seoretary and business agent, Fred A
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
*, ,JA.MISRJ?A'J L°c.'' No* "8—Meetings
held flrst Tuesday In each month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vlce-iresldent,
Miss H. Outterldge; recording sec, C. Mc
Donald, Box 608; flnanclal seoretary, K.
Paterson, P. 0. Box 60S.
MeetB laat Sunday of each month at 2
p.m. President, R. Form. Potllploco: vice-
president. W. S. Metsger; secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands. P. o   Box 66.
ADA—Meeta ln eonvention September of
each year. Executive board: Jas. 0. Watters
preaident: vlce-prealdent, A. Watchman, Victoria, B. C.i secretary-treasurer, P. M. Dra-
per, Drawer 615, Ottawa. Ont.
Ooal mining rights of th. Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saakatcbewan ud Alberta, the Yukon Terlrtory, ih. Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
mere than 2,600 acrea will be leaaed to ono
Applications for leas, most be made by tbe
applicant ln person to tbe Agent or Sub-Agant
of the dlstriot In which tba rights applied
for aro situated. r¥,
In aurveyed territory tbe land must ba described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and ln unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for ahall ba staked by th. applicant himself.
Each application must bs accompanied by
a fee o( it, which will bo refunded if thi
rights applied for ara not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on tb.
merchantable output of tha mine at tho rata
of five oenta per ton.
The parson operating tha mine ahall furnish tho Agent with sworn returna accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
ooal mined and par the royalty thereon.   If
"* ' -'-'— rignta r—    '
mid be:
file' leaae will Include tha eoal mining
rights only, but th. leasee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rlghta
may be considered neeeosary for the working
of the mine at tha rata of llo an aero.
For full Information application ahould he
made to tha Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Landa,
....      tt. H. OORY.
DelintT Minister of tha Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thla ad*
rertlsement will not be paid for—80890
the ooal mining rights are not being operated,
suoh returns ahould be furnished at least onee
Tote agalnat prohibition! Demand per-
sonal liberty in choosing wbat you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, aa a guarantee that it Is Un*
ion Made. Thla la our Label
A\i   RENNIK Cd    Limited FBIDAY. MABCH 24, MM
This Beer is
"The Beer Without a Peer"
differs from ordinary beer
in all the prime essentials
of quality.
Every bottle is brimful of
the nourishing; elements
derived from large plump
malt berries — its fragrance of aroma and delici-
ousness of flavor is due to
the exclusive use of the
best B. C. hops.
Your dealer has CASCADE. Phone him TODAY sure, for a trial case.
6 PINTS for 50c
3 QUARTS for.. .50c
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops
by Union Labor.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
And on sale at all Liquor Stores in
is good for all men; total abstincnco is a matter of expediency for some
men. Tne total abstainer has no mora right to compel the temperate
mnn to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what he neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.  Aak your dealer for onr
(liio-l (or one year'e subscription to The B.
.. «   mvw%    *-. .  nr>rt  c* Federatlonist, will be mailed to any ad<
10 SUB. CARDS saW"tS^-»» ■(0°°4 "r""-"
Vancouver city.)    Order ten today.   Remit when told.
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1003
Twenty-one Years Without
a Dispute or Trade
Showing Attributed to Business Methods of Officers
and Members
Trades and Labor Council.
March 27,1891.
Resolution by Amalgamated Society
of Carpenters  and  Joiners discussed:
Resolved—That oil and after the first
day of June next the wages of all carpenters working in factories and shops
be equal to the rate of wages received
on outside jobs, namely, $3 a day of nine
hours.'' The Trades and Labor council
unanimously endorsed the action of the
carpenters, and decided to extend its
working card system to the various factories in the city; and Messrs. Brooks,
Brown, Cody, Hoare and Franklin were
appointed a committee to take charge
of organization work.
Vice-president George Irvine in the
chair, and John A. Fulton ucted as secretary.
Twenty-one years without a dispute
or trade disturbance! Union annals contain few prouder records than that of
tho Vancouver Printing Pressmen 'a
Union No. 69 of this city. During an
existence covering two decades, whilst
steadily advancing the status of the
craft as to wages, hours of labor and
conditions, no inharmonious note has
crept in between the employing printers
and this body. At all times both organizations huve met as man to man, reason and conciliation governing their
counsels, with "the result today that few
cities of similar size to this one can
show more thorough organization, better hours, better conditions or a more
contented and loyal body of craftsmen
to the interests of their employers,
This has been very largely due to the
sane methods pursued by the organizers
and charter members of No. 69 in the
earlier days of unionism in Vancouver
and British Columbia. As long ago ns
1898, a small body of men, with true
prescience, recognizing the future of
the Terminal City, banded themselves
together and secured from the International Printing Pressmen's and Assistants' Union of North America, a charter for the establishment of a local.
Staunch Trail-blazers.
Men have come and men have gone
in endless numbers, but the names of
theso stalwarts in unionism should find
a generous niche in the structure, the
foundation of which they so staunchly
laid. Buch names as Geo. Filmer
Pound, William Bailey, senior, William
Bell, A. H. Timms, F. McCanna, J.
Howard, Robt. J. Fowler and Geo. H.
Pound should be accorded all honor.
Two of these have left the city a long
timo since; one, Geo. F. Pound, a respected president for several terms, just
died last month at a ripe old age, with
over 50 years in unionism to his credit;
another, A. H, Timms, is owner of one
of the largest plants in Vancouver, and
Mr. Bell, after serving for many years
us secretary, is at the present time president and carrying along the good
work with all his old-time vigor.
From small membership in 1898 the
organization hns advanced with, relatively, giant strides until tho numbers
in this year of grace approximate the
century mark, though it may be remarked incidentally that during our late
lamented boom times the membership
attained a very much higher figure than
Worthy Successors:
This splendid showing in later years
is directly attributable to the business
acumen of the officers elected from year
to yenr, and the self-sacrificing spirit
of those so chosen in carrying out well-
considered schemes on behalf of the organization.
No. 69 is unusually favored with
capable, public-spirited men and the re
cord of presidents and secretaries of
this union is a matter of pride second
only to that accorded its founders.
The names of William Bell, Jack
Munro, T. D. Edwards, F. Lacey, T. J.
Ourrell, E. Waterman, S. P. Moore and
R. J. Fowler will forever be associated
with its growth and to S. P. Moore, who
capably presided for three terms belongs, in very largo measure, the honor
of finishing the structure so well begun
by its early sponsors.
Modern Development.
Mighty changes and vast improvements have taken place in the trade
since the days of this union's charter.
The newspaper field has been revolutionized. The day of the -flat-bed for
newspapers has long since gone, and
with the advent of the web machine,
a body of craftsmen second to none in
America, have foregathered in No. 69,
and so numerous are they that old-timers are astounded at the growth in this
particular branch. In the job or fiat-
bed end improvements are so avidly
seized by No. 69 that nothing new remains so very long, and, it in' a well-
known fact, Vancouver pressmen can
compete with all the world in the excellence of their product.
Space forbids mentioning the veteran
membors who have contributed so vastly in bringing this local to such an
eminent position in tho world of labor;
but justice dictates that they and those
who have come tutor should receive a
meed of praise for their loyalty, their
unfailing devotion, their willingness to
Upon Labor Alone Depends
the Future of Social
What Are You Doing to
Meet Present Critical
Factory: 1366-7 Powell Btreet
Telephone Highland 886
Bit 1904 Vancouver, B. O.
work for and contribute to the cause
and the never failing harmony and good
humor that throughout tho history of
this union has characterized its meetings and its business.
Many Establishments.
Nor has the call of country been unheeded. Seven of its members are on
the firing line today, und others are enlisted for overseas servico whilst those
who remain undrafted are doing their
bit by substantial contributions to the
various patriotic funds and keeping
their fighting representatives in good
standing ior the duration of the war.
Unionism is synonymous with good
citizenship and in the brief recital here
given enough has been shown to class
the membership of Vancouver Printing
Pressmen's Union No. 69 with the highest type of citizenship—obedient to the
call of country and duty, helpful to the
brotherhood and others, loyal to themselves and their employers and supreme
in their craft.
Letter of Thanks.
In 'recognition of tho services of R.
P. Pettipiece, president of Typographical union, No. 226, who assisted Pressmen's union, No. 69, in the recent negotiations for a new scale, the following
letter is self-explanatory, and stands
out nmong the very few testimonials
for services rendered that organized
labor in general seldom officially notices:
"R. P. Pettipiece, Esq., Room 211,
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C:
"Dear Sir: I have been requested by
the above union to convey to you the
sincere thanks of:the membership for
the hearty co-operation and assistance
you tendered No. 69 in the recent controversy with the publishers of this city
in getting our web press contract
signed. Although this contract did not
become the subject for arbitration proceedings, No. 69 fully appreciates the
fact that had it done so, you would
have fought this case for us to the best
of your ability to secure a verdict favorable to the web pressmen of Vancouver, which, under present business conditions in this locality, would have
been no easy job. With sincere thanks
and kindest regards, I remain, yours
"E. WATERMAN, Sec-treas.
"Vancouver, B. C, March 15, 1916."
Want Increase in Wages.
Division No. 268 of the Street Railway Employees, is preparing a new
wage scale to be presented to tho Cleveland Railway company, which calls for
un increase in tho minimum of three
cents an hour, making the rate 32 and
.15 cents.
Labor Omni Vincit.
This is Latin for "Labor conquers
all." We say it is Latin because it
isn't true in English. Labor has never
conquered a right to its own produc
tions.—Snn Francisco BlnBt.
From Parm's
Potato Patch
The Hynck Canyon Vindicator says
the local political situation has somewhat changed its comploxion during
the pust week. Judge Jones made a
great speech last night, and completely
lifted his opponents—and they were legion—off their feet. He was in flne fettle, and spoke as a real statesman. The
"old boys" one and all cheered their
popular president to the echo. Cy. (Ananias) King said thiB morning that
sometimes you must make a sharp turn
in this political game if you want to
win. The Vindicator has noticed several
sharp turns of late.
A Oreat Speech.
Judge Jones, J. P., arose nnd said:
''As free men, we gain in moral
strength through individual assiduity to
work—not by cant, hypocrisy and swindle actuutin' prohibition.   (Cheers.)
"My 'dry' friend Doucon Brown suid
the government won't let white phosphorus bc used in niakin' matches, so
thoy should abolish liquor. The deacon
itl.vuy.H talks about Are, brimstone and
sulphur. He'll get his on election day.
(Loud applause.)
"Deacon Brown (old you a gallon of
alcohol was equal to ono of gasolene—
in power. He wants to abolish gnsolene
us woll as pure liquor.   (Laughter.)
"Fancy n fellow with his tank filled
with alcohol to run his engine, wantin'
to ' wot his whistle.' I say, fancy
a man In this great and glorious climate of Hyack Canyon in summer, dusty
roads, and a drouth dry and gritty
enough to light a match on the roof of
your mouth, quenchin' his thirst with
gnsolene. (The judge's 'wet' friends
cheared, for they fancied.)
"On the other hand, if a man gulped
down a dose of the deacon's power alcohol he'd act like a Squaraiah si wash—
kickin' up his heels, imagining himself
an automobile loaded with gasolene—
chuckin' up hill like. (Audience hilarious.) Ross will never bo premier and"—
The audience went wild and sang out
—"We'll hang Deacon Brown on a
sour apple tree."
"Quiet being restored, Judge Jones
said alcohol is a by-product of starch
factories and costs only eight cents a
gallon to mako. It can easily be made
a wholesome beverage fit for a lord.
"I'm out for a bonus for a starch
factory in our district," said tho judgo;
"no better place to grow potatoes for
starch in the world than Parm's Potato
Patch. Whiskey license, too, must be
reduced." (Loud and prolonged cheers.)
Deacon Brown will speak next Thurs
day night.
Brer. Jim Grier blew into Hyack
Canyon from Denver this week. He's
not sure if he will start his twenty-first
journal.here or at Smith's Slough. Nothing short of asbestos eaa stand by
Deacon Brown.—Vindicator.
* Perhaps even a revolutionist. You
belong to this or that school of social
philosophy. You believe that present
conditions are wrong; that they create
misery and poverty, crime and degradation. You long for a saner and happier life.
What are you doing to help bring
it about? You know that things don't
change of themselves. You admit that
effort is needed. You realize that it is
necessary to get more people to think
ns you do, to make them dissatisfied
with what IS, and to inspire them with
the passion and courage to strive for
the better.
How is that to be done? Discussion
alone won't do it. Making programmes
for future generations will not change
the present.
You know that'it is not enough to
curse the capitalist, to ravo at the intellectual,, or io sneer at the masses. That
may be good to relieve your feelings.
But it does not get you anywhere. Nor
is it enough to say: "What's the use?"
When you are hungry, you don't satisfy
yourself that way. You have to do
something to get a meal. And generally you get it. If you didn 't, you wouldn 't
bo here now. Not that it would matter,
but the fact is, you are here. You
usually get the thing you go after, if
you go after it hard enough.
That's how things nre'obtnined. We'll
get a better world if we want it hard
enough. A great thinker once said,
"We could have an ideal society tomor
row if enough people would imagine
it." It we would imagine and want a
thing hard enough, we'd do something
to get it. What are you doing about it?
What's to be done? you nsk. The
very first step is to make people dissatisfied with the things that are. Conscious discontent is the beginning of
change. The second step is to rouse
the hope of something better and the
determination to achieve it. This is
the urisBion of organized labor and The
Federationist is striving to do its Bhare.
Nominate for I. T. V. Elections—No
Delegate to Northwest Conference.
No. 632 will not be represented at tho
convention of the Typo, conference this
year, owing to lack of funds. At the
February meeting the union endorsed
the following candidates for I. T. U.
offices: President, Marsden G. Scott;
first vice-president, Walter W. Barrett;
Becretary-treasurer, J. W. Hays; delegates to A. F. of L., Max S. Hayes, T.
W. McCulIough and Hugh Stevenson;
trustees to tho Union Printers' Home.
Malcolm A. Knock, Thos. McCnffroy
and Michael Powell; agent Union
Printers' Home, Joe M. Johnson; delegate to the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, Samuel Haddon.
Members of No. 632 who have enlisted for overseas service today number:
Sergt. Jas. A. Wylie, 6th Rogt. D. C. 0.
R., Vancouver; Sergt.-Major J. T. Burnett, 104th Regt, Now Westminster;
Pte. F. J. Moffatt, 47th Bath; Pte.
Percy Jackman, Fort William Bntt.
Pte. R. A. McDonald, 131st Batt., New
Westminster; Pte. E. Austen, 131st;
Pte. Geo. S. Vickers, Royal Army Medical Corps.
M   hii   reft
*  MIMtDlinT
wt thorn htm Mn ■*•*
ht mm   ahoa Amimo,
■Hm, Sttattt, tetmeee
aa waa aamrjaea haarr
Named Show ire frequently made ia Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Boy Any Shoo
no matter what IU name, unleu lt heata a
Dials aad readable Impreailoa or thla itamp.
All ahoea without the Union Stamp an
alwaya Non-Union.
346 Summer Street, Bolton, Haae.
J. F. Tobln, Prea.   0. L. Blaine, Bee-Treat.
Mr. Skilled Workman,
meet my Skilled Specialists
Your teeth, when they need care, will be better looked after in my
office, because of the high-class of the special equipment installed for the
work—no finer or more complete modern dental office anywhere.
Then, too, I have a staff of highly trained specialists in each department of my laboratory. They, like you, hold their positions by reason
of their special training and skill. I take care that I have none but men
of exceptional ability on my staff. Come in and look thom over and at
the same time let us look your teeth over.
No man should let more than six months go without a visit to Ms dentist, to have his teeth carefully inspected. Let me be your dentist. It
costs you nothing to consult me and have a complete examination of your
teeth.  All dental work is done at extremely moderate prices in my offlce.
Office open evenings, Tuesdays and Saturdays.
These are my prices for the highest class dentistry and guaranteed
peinless methods:
Gold Crowns, each $4.00
Porcelain fillings, each ,...91.00
Porcelain crowns, each $4.00
Amalgam fillings, each $1.00
Full upper or lower plates,
each $6.00
Expression plates; the very
best, per set $10.00
Bridge work, per tooth. ...$4.00
PainlesB extraction    60c
Repairing plates    60c
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St., W.
Cor. Seymour St.
Phone Seymour 3331
Int. Sec.-Treas. Beld Says Seattle Convention Will Be Well Attended,
A member employed at New Westminster, B. C, writes that considerable
interest in organization affairs is being
manifested in that vicinity. An effort
will be made to reorganize Locnl No.
28 of that city, after which better
working conditions will be demanded.
According to reports received, the
convention to be held at Seattle next
month will be well attended.
All of the locals previously reported
are holding enthusiastic weekly meetings.
Union working conditions now prevail throughout the jurisdiction of local
61 of Raymond, Wash., which iB practically 100 per cent, organizod.
Ten Fed. Sub. Cards for $10
Every warning sign menns a dangor
is pointed out there. Take the wny to
Now ready for mailing
free an application. Send
in your name and address.
The quality of the needs
and plantB we carry is
atook is unsurpassed. Pull
descriptive direction! for
all flowers and vegetables.
Start yonr garden right by
buying Ritchie's Seeds.
Get oar Special Offers on
and Oold Medal Sweet
oar Famous Irish Hoses
Refined Senrice
On. Blook wait of Court Hou...
Cm of Modem Chapel and
funeral  Parlor, free  to all
Telephone Sermour MIS
Vaneouver-OIBce and Chapel,
1014 Oranvllle St., Phone Sey. sill.
North Vanoouver — Ofloaud
Chapel, llt-Slzth St. Weat, Phone
Now YOU can have
Electric service too
Why not wire your home for electricity this spring. It can be done without
muss, fuss or damage to walls or floors.
Electricity is inexpensive to install and
Electricity will make
your home more cheerful
That Electric Iron you have longed *
for will now be within your reach—the
twitch of a switch is all the effort you
will have to make when your home is
Wired for Electricity
Consult Our Light Department
Vancouver New Westminster Victoria PAGE FOUR
-]   MEN p
for $1.00 pair
One you can depend on—its well cut, made of good
material, strongly sewn and with bib and pockets.
You can pay $1.25 for overalls that are not as good
as these. All sizes, per pair $1.00
\_ .  ^ mmmjata  itra     M*at— i suamiat. nam umtiMaw -nZSL*^
Granville and Georgia Streets
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
LUMP, PER TON, $7.50   PEA, PER TON, $515
NUT, PER TON, $6.50  SLACK, PER TON, 4.50
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whiiky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bail and Guinness
Oarnegies Swedish Porter
Letup's Beer
O. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc,, eto.
Ogilvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
Regulations Governing B. O. Extended
for Six Months—Loophole in Rule.
The local immigration authorities
have advised The Federationist _that an
order-in-council has been* passed by the
Dominion authorities extending for sis
months the terms of the regulations
which expire on March 31, and which
prohibits the entrance of labor from
outside points into British Columbia.
While the order iB, on itB face, sweeping and inclusive, it is understood that
a loophole is provided by the general
rules of the immigation department.
This covers the caBO of men along the
international boundary or other boundary lines of the province who have
regular employment in British Columbia
although rosiding over the boundary.
In 3uch< cases special permits may be
Hecured by these mon, enabling them to
cross the boundary when going to and
from their work.
The loophole above referred to would
govern in such a case ns was mentioned
by Vice-president Pcttipioce at tho Inst
meeting of the Trades and Lnbor council, whon ho instanced the fact that
practically all the white employees of
the Campbell River Lumbor Co. locnted
at White Rock, roBidod in Blaine.
Men Working on Local Steamers from
Seattle Demand Higher Wages.
A strike on all the steamers operating
between Seattle and other Puget Sound
ports went into effect on Monday, all
local traffic by water from the Sound
port boing affected. The men aro all
members of the Puget Sound Steamship
Men's union, and are holding out for
nn advance of wages ranging from $5
to $15 por month, with 50 cents an hour
for overtime, as well ns better working
conditions. Tho wages' asked by tho
men are the same as those now being
puid on coastwise steamers,
Business Agent Burns of tho Vancouver local of tho Sailors' union, has had
no special advices from Seattle concerning tho strike. He states, however,
that it was about time the crews on the
steamers affected by the strike did
something to better their condition, as
tho men were receiving only nbout $40
per month, wore working a 7-day week,
and wero subject to call nt any hour of
tho day or night.
Everything Is Not As It Seems Concerning Mexico's Rebellion.
According to several authorities Villa
has a partner in the United States, and
moro than likely in Wall street and
connected with the armament defense
propaganda. The American generals are
practicing bad tactics in despatching
their wholo forco to Mexico and not
using some portion of it to guard Wall
stroet and endeavor to find who it is
that put tho money up for Villa and
bought the bullets which he uBed in tho
raid. They were made in the United
States. It is to be hoped that Villa
may be taken alive. If the American
people can leara who his partner is it
will tear the whole mask off tho preparedness proposition, and show whnt
butchers frenzied financiers are.
Mass Organization Meeting Last Friday
Followed By Another Tonight.
Secretary Harrison of the Civic Employees' union, reports that a most successful organization meeting took place
in Lnbor Temple last Friday evening,
when all but two of those present mnde
application for membership. After a
thorough discussion of the situation, it
was decided to hold another open mass
meeting for civic employees in the same
place tonight, when it is expected that
the organization will then be strong
enough to make an impression upon the
city council, if it becomes necessary.
That full time to employees be restored
will be one of the subjects up for consideration this evening.
Railroads Now Thriving Under Eight-
Hour Day.
That there is not much justification
for the contention of the railroads
that the eight-hour day is impossible is
proven by the fact' that at the present
time there are seven roads in the southeastern, and one in the western terrir
tory, that pay overtime on an eleven
miles per hour basis. Fight in the
southeastern, and five in the western
territory, pay overtime on a twelve
and one-half miles per hour speed basis.
U. S. Presidential Socialist Candidates,
The socialists have nominated Allen
L. Benson of Yonkers, N. Y., for president, and George R. Kirkpatrick of
New York city for vice-president. The
above waB the result of tho recent referendum vote of thc socialist party
"Jack" McMillan Heard From.
A field Borvice postcard reached The
Federationist this week from ".lack'*
McMillan, an old-time member of Van
couver Painters' union, from '' the
front." "I am quite well. I huvc re-
reived your paper,, dated Jan. 10," is
all that remains of the printed ready-
made missive. The card is dated February 2.
That Promise.
"Mnny returned soldicrB compluin
that the promise of employers to keep
their jobs open has been broken."—
News item.
Banker (to roturned soldier)—"Yes,
sir; possibly I did say something about
keeping your position vacnptj but it
has lately been capably filled by. a
charming young woman (to whom
wages are no object); und I feel sure
that you, as a soldier, will not be so un-
chivalrous as to ask me to discharge
her to reinstate you!''—Australian
Important Meeting Next Sunday—New
Weekly Publication.
Vancouver Typographical union will
hold itB regular monthly meeting on
Sunday afternoon, March 26, at 2
o'clock. Very interesting and well-attended meetings have been held of late
and it is expected tbat next Sunday's
meeting will also have a good representation of the membership.
With the advent of the Saturday
Evening Globe, another weekly publica*
tion is added to the journalistic field of
Vancouver. Ex-Mayor L. D. Taylor is
its managing-editor and the first number is scheduled for tomorrow evening.
Mr. H. F. CroBS has deposited a travelling curd from Ban Francisco.'
Owners of Seattle Independent Fleet
Still Refuse tb Sign Up.
Business Agent Kearley, of the Deep
Sea Fishermen's union, Btntes that
there is no change in tho situation regarding the strike of the fishermen
on the licet of tho Seattle independent
fleet. About twenty-two independent
owners have signed up with their men,
but these vessels are not connected with
Ihe Scuttle association which operates
about forty-five vessels.
The halibut fiBhing craft coming into
Vancouver this weok report stormy
weather on the fishing grounds and
bring in only small catches.
lies neon oobo
Printers and
Lsbor Ttmple
Phone Sey. 4490
prhilcTsof The Hrd.
Unequalled Vaudeville Means
2:46, 7:20, 0:16    Season's Prices:
Matinee,   15c;   Evenings,   16o,   2Sc.
The Mission of Labor.
"If we are to escape tho fate which
has overtaken most of tho warring
countries," says Louis B. Boudin, "we
must go to the root of the matter, and
Btart a vigorous campaign of education, designed to teach the working
class of this country the principles of
tho class-struggle and to wean it"
away from the bourgeois principle of
Nationalism, whose main office now is
to keep the workers of thc world
divided into separate groups competing with each other in times of peace
and slaughtering each other in «ase of
Friend of Asiatic Crews Sees Dire Results of U. S. Seamen's Act.
Capt. Dollar, the patriot who withdrew his vessels from United States
ports owing to his objections to the new
Seamen's act, which would compel him
to man his ships with other than Asiatics, is busy again prophesying dire results if shipowners are not allowed to
follow their own sweet will as to tho
manning of their ships.
In an address at' San Francisco, Capt.
Dollar is quoted as saying: "Look out
on the ocean and see what has happen'
ed. The Seamen's law was drafted to
drive American ships from the sea, and
that is oxactly what it haB accomplished." The doughty captain iB also quoted in un eastern journal aB saying:
'' The American merchant marine
gained 583,000 tons under the emergency shipping act, and in all we now
have about 1,700,000 tons engaged in
foreign shipping, which is a great deal
moro than we hud four years ago when
we had only about 500,000 tons enguged
in foreign shipping."
The Const Seamen's Journal says
Capt. Dollar lucks logic when ho shows
the recent growth of the merchant murine and then, with a wave of his band,
wipes tho whole fleet off the map at one
Coming Labor Conventions.
March —, Rochester, N. Y.—International Molders' Union of North
April 20-;i0, Philadelphia, Pa.—National Print Cutters' Association of
Mny 2-16, Cleveland, Ohio—Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and
Tin Workers of North America. \
Mny 2-16, Kingston, N. Y.—Amalga-1
mated Lace Operatives of America.
May 8-13, Cincinnati, Ohio—American Federation of Musicians.
May 8-16, Dallas, Texus—Brotherhood of Railway Clerks.
Note These Points
which Stand Out Pre-eminent in Spencer's
Q •    • For a watch at this price there is none better in
iteClSlOn     Vancouver.   For whatever purpose needed you can
*   ■ reply on its precise timekeeping qualities.   It is
quickly adjusted to your particular wear.   Week in week out it is on
steady time,
It is non-mugnetic and not affected by the strongest
n     I •   1 • a Every wheel, pinion and jewel hole is soundly and
tjO llCLl ty     solidly finished and the general principles on which
••—   *   -     the movement is constructed bear evidence that it
is a thoroughly dependable watch suited for tho man or boy who leads
an active out of door life.
T\ L*]*i        The guaranteo is for a year, but with anything like
LstiraDlllty     fair treatmont you can keep on using it year after
1     year and it will continue to serve you faithfully and
well.   Tho case is of nickel silver and wears white throughout.
Seven jewel 93.50      Fifteen jewel  95.00
—Jewelry Section Main Floor
David Spencer Limited
"Doing Their Bit."
The  fellow   who's  out  for  the  label
May neither be bright nor clever,
But he's wise to the fact that each one
of us can
Count fo} something in Labor's endeavor;
And I place him beside our greatest
For the work he is doing to enable
The toilers to prospor and    gain    in
By 'boosting' the UNION LABEL! "
—P. J. Doyle.
Starting Trouble.
"Why is it that the attendants in
telephone offices are all women?" Mrs.
Brown made thiB inquiry of her husband.
"Well," nnswered Mr. Brown, "thc
managers of the telephone offices aro
aware that no class of attendants work
so faithfully as those who are in lovo
with their labor; and they know that
women would bc fond of thc work in
telephone offices."
"What is the work in a telephone
office?" Mrs. Brow.n further inquired.
"Talking," answered Mr, Brown.
And that conversation came to an end
and a different kind of a conversation
(Continued from page 1)
cause they can get it cheaper than
white help. Leaving aside the question as to whether men who are banking their future on the development of
British Columbia are wiso iu foBtering
the creation of Oriental conditions and
standards here, there is also another
side of the question which these employ-
era should consider.
Orientals As Employers.
The Oriental iB a born imitator and,
especially among the Japanese, their occupation of a field as employees means
their possible gradual advance to the
position of employers and competitors.
And, as employers, will they employ
whites? Not much! An instance of
thiB character is seen in the fishing
business. Here Japs who formerly operated cannery boats are now following
their business in their own gasoline
launches, many of which were built by
Jap workmen and all of which are manned by Jap fishermen.
Thore nro muny crooks and turns of
thia Oriental problem which are j'tts't
now of particular importance to citizens of British Columbia, and, in viow
of conditions which will probably obtain in the near future, IT IS TIME TO
(Continued from page 1)
bringing men from the enBt and tho
States to Western Canada, and that tho
offering of special rates from British
Columbia to tho prairies would bo distinctly ngninst that policy. The policy
is .based on the idea that men from the
cast and south would be more likely to
locate permanently on the prniries,
while farm laborers from British Columbia would be more likely to work
only for tho season.
Concerted Action Demanded.
Enquiry aa to men from the coast
who went to tho prairies last fall remaining in the northwest was made of
tho lofcal roliof offlcors. Mr. Ireland
Btates that many men who went from
Vancouver have permanently located in
the northwest, some of thom having
sinco sent for their families. Of the
South Vnncouver contingent to the
prniries, Mr.* Fleming Btntes that fully
20 per cent, had located there.
After a desperate fight, British Columbia last fall secured the concession
of special rates to tho northwest, with
the result of greatly relieving tho labor
conditions on the const. The facts of
the case reported from the prairies this
spring aro such as would seem to call
for a united and vigorous protost from
the provincial, civic and municipal authorities against thc unfair manner in
which British Columbia is being treated
by tho rnilways and the bringing of
pressure to bear .which will secure the
declaration of special rates such as will
inert the situation.
Urge Union-made Text Beeks.
The American Federation of Labor,
in a circular letter just issued, suggests an agitation bc started to have
ull school books printed under anion
conditions. The     communication
states that the close of the war will
be followed by a general revision of
textbooks used in the public schools.
When Women Are Not Required and
When They Can Be Made Use Of.
Before tho War.
Women Take Men's Jobs Away.
Suffragettes Arrested Again.
Forciblo Feeding of Suffragettes.
Suffrngettca Threaten Parliament.
Suffragettes Destroy Work of Art'.
Club Women Havo Hair Pulling.
Womanhood Degenerating.
Policemen Use Clubs on Suffragettes.
Woman Neglects Child to Vote.
Women to Blame for Wnr in Colorado.
The Great Feminine Intrusion.
Unsexcd Women Demand Ballot.
Husband Divorces Suffragist, Wife.
Hysteria and Votes for Women.
The Invasion of Petticoat Government.
Equal Suffrage Means Sex War.
Suffrage Wife Deserts Her Home.
Feminist Principles Unsound.
Anti-Suffrage for Outside Work.
During the War.
Women Playing Big Part.
Women Help Feed Stnto Army.
Women Provide for Wnr Orphans.
Women Dry Tears and Take Arms.
Women to Harvest Crops,
Women Must Take Men'b Jobs.
Women Replace Men in Factories.
Women Aviators Serve ns Scouts,
Women Serve as War Nurses.
Women Join Red Cross.
Women Meet to Repudiate War.
Mounted CorpB of \>omon Nurses.
Women of 26 Nations Sue for Peace.
Women Parade for Peaee.
Women Street Sweepers in Budapest.
Women Must Do Jury Duty.
Mother Gives Six Sons to the War.
Women Have No Time to Weep.
Women Serve on Police Force.
Women Place Ban on Military Dress.
Dr. R. Mathlson, of Kelowna, B. O.,
Refers to the Local Press.
"Tho 'History of the B. C. Press' in
The Federationist of January 7, 1916,
was very interesting reading to me, and
recalled to memory many people and
incidents of early days in Vancouver,"
writes Dr. R. Mathison. of Kelowna,
B. O.
"Bob" Mathlson was the pioneer
job printer of this city, his successors
being the firm of Evans & Hastings.
He printed the first city voters' lists,
nnd was a member of the pioneer fire
Dr. Mathison says "tho staff of the
Herald ot the time of tho fire in June,
1886, comprised : Wm. Brown, editor
and proprietor; M. Picken, reporter;
Jas. M, Wright (now of Princeton, B.
C), news compositor; Robert Mathison
(now of Kolowna, B.C.), job printer;
Largest and most select stock In
Western Canada. Easy Terms
and decent treatment, at war
time prices.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
Labor Unions, Attention!
<J Let us print your
next Bylaws and Constitutions. We know how
and our prices are
right. <JWe can give
you prompt service on
all your printing. Give
us a trial.
The B.C. Federationist
ROOM 217
SEY. 7495        LABOR TEMPLE
Wm. H. Sanders (now with Puget
Sound News Company, Seattlo, Wn),
pressman; Albert Gillis, devil; Johnnio
Fraser, deceased, trainer of the lacrosse
team in early nineties), newspnpor carrier. E. HarkneBS, afterwards of the
News, was on the Herald for a short
time whon it was first stnrtod.
' "The first issue of the Herald after
the (Ire was 'set up' nnd printed by
Bobt. Mathison in the Columbian office,
eitnv Westminster, and was a four-page,
four column sheet. The last page was
a 'phat tnke' (government advertisements), lifted from the 'forms' of the
"Chris. Behnsen, of Kurtz Cigar
Factory, has a copy of tho first issue
of the Advertiser published after the
fire. Ho should be numbered among
the pioneer printers as he helped to get
it out.
"The Pacific Coast Canadian was a
weekly sheet printed from the Advertiser plant for a few weeks in tho summer of 1886. Later the Evening Register got out two issues with the Bamo
plant. The AdvortiBer was again resurrected und used as a 'meal ticket'
during the winter of 1886-87.
"The Chestnut can hardly be called
a newspaper, yet in comparison its fo>v
issueB at tho timo were in more demand
than the 'war extras' of to-day. It
wob 'published by the editor and edited by the publishers,' and made its np-
pearanco at the time the provincial
government suspendod Vancouver's
charter, and put the burgh under tho
care of tho chief of the provincial police and forty special constables, on account of the Chinese riots during the
winter of 1887. Jack Sevy wns the
man boliind the Chestnut, and it was
printed iu Munro-Miller's office at Victoria, because of the 'gum shoe' work
of tho specials around tho Vancouver
print shops.
"J. Souter, publisher of the New
Westminster Guardian, also printed a
paper for Port Moody in the Guardian
office. He was never known to admit
that there was such a place as Vancouver,
"The Kelowna Record rewrote The
Fed.'s item, re voters' list of Vancouver to read: "In 1886 tho first list
of voters for the city of Vancouver waa
printed by Robert Mathison, father of
Dr. Mathison, of Kelowna, and contained 506 names.' This is what comes
of living in a country whero one never
grows old.
"Owing to a strike in tho World,
early in 1892, Typographical Union, No.
226, President Mitchell (Arizona Pete),
issued the New World a week or so.
A. McG. R. Gordon, editor; J. Shina-
bergor, manager, and Geo. Bartley foreman. It was printed by Trythall & Sons,
thon located behind the Dunn-Miller block on Cordova Street. The print-
orial staff was the largest in the city
at tho time. It only worked a. three
or four hour ahift. Thia included time
for diatribution, the typo boing set by
hand. The reportorial staff comprised
about ten reporters who put in nbout
two hours furnishing all the latest local news.
"The New World Bold like 'hot
cakes,' and ceased publication after it
had accomplished its purpose, namely,
the winning of the strike."
Next Week is Bicycle Week
 Boost for the Massey-Harris	
The Wheel that Stands the Test
When you recognize this as a
fact you will boost for tho products of home industries by cutting out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only govcrnmont-inspoctod
plant in B. C.
Capital (15,000,000        Beat 113,600,000
Main Offlce:   Corner Haatinga and Granville Streets, Vancouver
ALMA ROAD Cor. Fourth Arena, and Aim. Road
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. Flrat Avenue and Commercial Drive
EAST END Cor. Pender and Main Street!
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Qranvllle Street
HASTINOS and CAMBIE Cor. Halting! and Cambie Street!
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Tew Streot
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
POWELL STREET Oor. Victoria Drlvo and Powell Streot
SOOTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraaer Road
Also North Vancouver Brand, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
New — Modern — Fireproof
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under the management of W. V. MORAN
Room with detached bath fl.00 per day Dp
Room with private bath ._ fl.SO par day np
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Our electric motor bui moeti all boati and tralna free
LOTUS GRILL—Open Continuously
PROM  7 n.m. to MIDNIGHT
Music from 6.80 to S.80 and 10 to midnight


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