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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 31, 1916

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Array mmmmmmmmmmi
(I* ViBMavir\
Oily 11.00   /
$1.60 PER YEAR
oan prepare fgjr mailing, the appeal of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor coiinil to 12,500 locals, scattered at every Labor centre over the entirc^-jntinent, for assistance which will make possible
the saving of the Labor Temple for the great cause of Labor, is being
forwarded. The original intention of the committee in charge was to
send out only 7500 appeals, but, as the addressing progressed, it was
seen that this did not by any means tap the possible sources of aid
and the order was promptly given for an additional 5000 appeals.
The appeal as sent out consists of a set of literature which should
attract the attention of any organization interested in the Labor movement, It consists of a circular letter to the local, briefly outlining
the facts and a handsome 12-page booklet which goes into the question
in detail, giving a complete history of the Temple project, auditor's
statements andl endorsements of the appeal by prominent trades union
officials. A double-page, insert of this booklet Bhows a view of the
Temple, which is bound to attract attention, the out and press work
being of such a character aB to make it probable that the view will
grace the walls of many a local's meeting-room. On the reverse of
this insert is a fac-simile of a share certificate. Printed forms for remittances and return envelopes are also enclosed with the literature.
In connection with the specific appeal to thc locals, a general appeal
for public publicity has been sent out from The Federationist office
to about 75 Labor journals and trades union publications at various
points. The general dissemination of the facts of the case through
thc columns of these publications will greatly help the specific appeal
and with this end in view, the journals have been forwarded double-
column cuts of the Labor Temple as a heading for a "r,eady-to-run"
story giving, in condensed form, the Labor Temple story as contained
more fully in the booklet.
The condensed article, which covers fully the material used in con*
nection with the appeal, reads:
to outside labor organizations for assistance in order to save for the
cause of labor the magnificent property of the Vancouver Labor Temple
at Vancouver, British Columbia.
This Temple has been pronounced by prominent labor officials to be the best
equipped central labor headquarters on the continent and, with one exception,
representing the greatest capital investment of any such project in America,
Its loss to labor would be a severe blow to trades union interests in British
Columbia aad the appeal of the Vancouver trades unionists should elicit a hearty
response from all locals to whom it is being made. Especially is this the.case
as the present call is the first appeal of the Vancouver organization for aid
during its history of 25 years.
The appeal is unique in that the Vancouver council does not come "hat in
hand" but offers, dollar for dollar, full return for such assistance as may be
given in the form of fully paid up, non-assessable shares, in an investment
having behind it assets valued at $275,000 with obligations, other than share*
holder's claims, of less than $135,000. Under normal conditions the project
should yield sure returns and labor officials declare it a good investment,
The Vancouver Labor Temple was opened in May, 1912. It represents an
investment of $275,000. The building was financed by the organization of the
Vancouver Labor Temple Co. Ltd. with a capital of $100,000 divided into shares
•*f $1.00 each. The Vancouver Trades and Labor council took 51 per cent, of
the stock and Vancouver tradei. unionists nbout 30,000 shares'. Net a share of
stock has been issued except to trades unionists, it being intended that the
absolute control of the Temple shall be perpetually in the hands of Labor. To
complete the building a ten-year mortgage for $107,000, bearing 5% per cent.,
was given. For a time the building was a money maker, the monthly rentals
running aa high as $2,200. Early in 1914 came a general depression of business
in British Columbia, followed by the great war. These conditions seriously
crippled trades unionism throughout the province and reduced the Labor Temple
rentals to approximately $800 per month.
The situation became acute several months ago, when the mortgagees sought
to foreclose on account of non-payment of interest. A full statement of the
case was made and an extension of time has been secured, which is being utilized
for the appeal now being made.
The vancouvor council states that if a reasohable response is made by each
trades union on the continent, It will be enabled to secure a further extension
of time from its creditors, by the expiration of which normal conditions will
probably have returned and the Temple be again able to carry its financial
burdens without difficulty.
The appeal of the Vancouver organization is now being forwarded to the
various unions. It covers a full statement of the case and should bo carefully
perused by every local executive. Prompt action is necessary on tho appeal
as, unless sufficient aid is forthcoming in the immediate future, the great monument to tho causo of Labor represented by the Vancouver Labor Temple will
probably fall Into the hands of the mortgagees.
AFTER JOINING THB UNION, a great majority of young men
seem to thiifk that they have performed their full duty. In
taany cases they become careless and take no interest whatever
in the affairs of the organization. It is not expected of them that they
should immediately bo elected to fill some office of importance, or
start to turn things upside down, or anything of that sort, but they
should attend the meetings regularly and try and acquaint themselves
with the affairs going on and eventually understand tho Labor movement more thoroughly; by so doing they will learn to protect their
interests as they should be, and relieve the older men of the burdens
that they have carried before them. N4w ideas and new blood is the
life of any organization, says the Bakers' Journal, and therefore the
young man should not be backward to express his opinion on any
subject that may be in discussion before the organization; their ideas
may not be of such a character that would be acted on favorably in
thc start, but they will receive the attention and respect of the mem
bers which will inspire the confidence in themselves for further effort.
Banish the idea that the other fellow knows it all, for the innocent
child asks the most unanswerable questions and by asking and inquiring deeply into things they become interesting and the desired
information is obtained. There is another very important matter that
the young man must remember and that is, the responsibility rests
upon his shouldcrB of the successful continuance of the organization
which is his only protection against the conditions that would bo
forced upon him by the unscrupulous employers, and he should make
every effort to fit himself in that knowledge that would enable him
to protect the only thing that stands between him and free manhood
—the trade union.
Movement of Retail Clerks
for Half-holiday Is
Near Success
Meeting of Employees and
Employers Is Asking
for Legislation
* movement for retail stores, based not
on any mere verbal or written agreement of the clerks wltb their employee, but backed up by provincial legislation, received a hearty boost in Van*
couver this week. A mass meeting was
held at Labor Temple on Monday night,
which was attended by over 600, with
a large number turned away. The meet*
ing was unique because employees and
employers mingled together and' the
voice of the meeting, which goes up to
the provincial authorities, was expressed in a resolution which was introduced by Mr. H. T. Lockyer, manager
of the Hudsons Bay Co., and seconded
by Mr. D. W. Poupard, provincial secretary of the employers' organization.
Tbe Speakers.
Among the employers and representatives of employees who addressed the
moeting were Mr. Lockyer, Mr. Poupard, Mr. Bishop of David Spencer Co.,
Ltd., Mrs. J. C. Kemp of the B. C. Consumers ' League, Miss Gutteridge of
Vancouver Trades and Labor couneil,
and Mr. Bruce.
The committee appointed by the meeting to go to Victoria and interview the
provincial authorities, acting in conjunction with a committee from the Retail Orocers' association, is composed of
Messrs. Williams, Campbell, Bruce,
Watson, Bingham, Buscombe, Bishop,
Dick, Matthews and Edgett.
Interview with Mr. Poupard.
As The Federationist is interested
in the half-holiday movement from the
standpoint of the workers, an interview
was sought with Provincial Secretary
Poupard, before he left for Victoria, as
he has been the nerve-centre for several
years of the movement which is now
within sight of a successful issue.
Mr. Poupard was smiling all over
when seen on Tuesday morning, the
smiles being the result of the "bumper" meeting of the previous evening.
"The chances of our success were
never rosier,'' he declared emphatically.
"The movement is now launched in
such a manner as makes us almost sure
of positive results.
"Why am I so optimisticV Well, the
opposition to the movement has been
rendered hors de combat by the sheer
weight of reason and the force of public opinion. The best of the employers
are with us, heart and soul, and those
who are neither hot or cold on the plan
are now only too pleased to lend their
support to a movement which, on every
band, appears near the verge of a successful issue. 'There's nothing succeeds like success' is a saying which has
been well proven by the Saturday hnlf-
holiday movement.
The Psychological Time.
"Is there any danger of mutilated
legislation being passed/' Mr. Poupard
was asked. '' None whatever,'' was
prompt reply. "You must remember
that the province is on the eve of a
general election. The workers behind
our movement have already demonstrated the value of their immense voting
power. This is a factor which will give
our cause power where it is needed.
"Then, remember also, that many of
the retail merchants, including the largest and most influential firms now realize, with other employers of labor, that
shorter hours mean increased efficiency
on the pnrt of their staffs and are joining with the clerks in the half-holiday
"What will be the result of the movement, you askf I believe they will be
wonderful. A new face will be put on
the whole field of retail business. With
the half-holiday established, the clerk
will be enabled to get some real enjoyment out of life and the result will be
reflected in greater efficiency all round,
I tell you that tho Saturday naif-holiday
movement Ib coming, and that it is going to be a success."
Resolution Passed at Meeting.
The resolution passed by the meeting
was as follows:
"Resolved, thnt whereas at tbis time
tho Clerks'-Association of British Columbia are petitioning the government
to enact a law providing for a weekly
half-holiday, this meeting respectfully
submits to the premier that the only
law which would solve the question satisfactorily for all parties would be a
law compelling the closing of all stores
one half-day each week. We believe
that no hardship would result, but that
employers and employees would be benefitted, and therefore this meeting
pledges its hearty support to the bill.
This meeting also expresses itself in
favor of having the half-holiday on
Merchants who advertise in
other papers but fail to do bo in
yours indicate by this fact that
they care little for your patronage, and you should reciprocate
by ignoring their stores. This is
not mere phraaing. It iB sound
reasoning. It is advice well
worth following. Tho B.C. Federationist is your paper, owned by
you and conducted under your
direction. Patronize its advertisers, and shun tlioso who do not
think enough of your patronage
to ask for it through the medium
of an advertisement In your own
©riwtate KapiMg
-a A a. A. A. A A A Ai ________
giaplaring fflfiitra
iff drastic is done within a
>***very short time, Orientals will predominate in practically every industry in British
Columbia/' said a prominent
business man to The Federationist yesterday afternoon.
"Workingmen are rapidly
being reduced to a standard
where they are compelled to
pktronize Orientals, in order to
meet the competition of the
Labor market, and this, of
course, cuts into our trade,"
continued the employer of
more than 200 men. "With
Orientals in control of the fishing industry; in the majority
in the mills and shingle-bolt
business; doing nearly all the
hotel and restaurant work,
nearly all the market gardening, and now taking the places
of men who have enlisted for
overseas service in the coal
mines of Vanoouver Island,
they are creeping into every
line of business as well; including the purchase of land all
along the coast. I say, that unless something very definite iB
done, and that at once, we
might as well prepare to paek
up and get out, for in another
ten years it will be. impossible
for a white man to make a living in British; Columbia."
J5THIS IS NO new argument or
*»* revelation to the members of
organized labor thi this coast. They
have been emphasizing this in*
evitable development for years, but
nothing has been done to stem the
increase of Oriental population.
Thousands of members of trades
unions in Brltlih Columbia have
given up the struggle from time to
time, and left for "the south."
Those who are left are trying their
best to awaken the authorities to
the menace, but With little success,
and as the number of whites decrease in number and the Orientals ,
increase each year, the struggle becomes more hopeless. The standard of wages \s downward, the
price of other commodities ever upward. And unless the government
soon takes some definite action, thiB
glorious provinco woo't be fit for a
white man to stay in., True, the
employers were primarily to blame
ior the influx.of prientala in the
flrst place. But now that practically all white men are agreed that
the Oriental should be eliminated,
there seems to be no real reason
Why some definite measures should
not be taken—bofore it is altogether too late.
The Government Give Banks
Credit, Then Borrow
at High Rate
Province-wide Movement Is
Inaugurated By the
Allied Trades
Workers' Equal Rights Association Is Formed—
Meeting Sunday
A mass meeting of wage earners di
rei-tly affected by the proposed prohibition legislation of tho provincial government nnd their sympathizers was
held in the Labor Temple on Sunday
afternoon, thero being n good attend
ance present.
It was decided to form a now organi
zntion which would be non-political in
itB activities, so far as tho different
parties wero concerned, and to bo known
as the "B. C. Workers Equal Rights
Thc chief objects at present of tho
nsHociiition nre to endeavor to influence
the legislature at Victoria to refrain
from pnssing prohibition enactments.
However, in case its proposod referendum should be submitted to tho elector'
ate, tbnt the government will ece the
justice of having a reasonable compensation clauso form part of tho legislation,
Witb this ond in view tho memberB
nre enlisting the votes and influence of
all affected workors, union and nonunion alike, also any of the general public who are in sympathy with the plans
of thc association.
Provincial Scope.
Secretary Wm. Mottishaw was
structod to write New Westminster,
Victoria, Prince Rupert, Nanaimo, Nelson and other centres advising thom of
the course being adopted in Vancouver.
Thc mooting wns convened nt 2.30 p.
m. Representatives of the Brewery
WorkerB, Bartenders, Cigarmakers,
Electrical WorkerB nnd others were pro-
sont.   J. A, Smith occupied tho chair.
Oeorge Hartley spoke of tho benefits
of organization and suggested sending
delegates to Victoria to confer with La-
borites and memberB of tho legislature
In regard to thoir foeltngs on tho question of prohibition. That mon would
bo thrown out of work for tho sake of
appeasing the' notions of extremists
was not a light matter. Mon who had
served the beat part of their lives at
tho trade and were suddenly deprived
Freight Rates Enable Shipowners to Declare Biff
(Continued on page 2)
[By W. M. 0.1
The Imperial Bank of Russia, and
the Commonwealth Bank of Australia,
are purely state institutions. In the
Bank of New Zealand, the government
appoints a majority of the directors,
and owns 50 per cent, of the capital
The Gorman government takes three*
fourths of all profits earned by the
Beichsbank, after the shareholders have
received '&y_ per cent, in dividends. But
here, in thia land of hope and glory, the
money lender runs wild and1 happy.
Matter of Viewpoint.
The lord provost of Glasgow, speaking of trade union restrictions, says:
"They are the most hellish thing I ever
heard of.'' But he didn 't mention the
ship-owners "restrictions" in freight.
It's a Grand Old Oame.
The French wars, entered into in 1793
(and one impelling motive at least,
transpired later, was a hatred on the
part of the British rulers for the new
upstart republicanism!) left Britain
with a debt of £600,000,000. But for
this £600,000,000 the Btate did not re
ceive that amount. We are told, indeed, that for his 3 per cent, debentures,
the chancellor of the exchequer only got
£57 for every £100 of scrip issued. In
other words, the nation got £57 and
contracted to pay £100 in return, and
to pay 3 per cent, (thus really over ft
per cent.) until the £57 investor got
£100 for his scrip. We read further of
cabinets issuing government stock at
absurdly low rates to themselves, and
selling out next day at a premium of
10 per cent. And we know that the
war loans of 1781 had been repaid three
times by 1850; and we are most likely
still paying them. It's a grand old
Pity the Poor Employer.
The Morning Post of Dec. 22 ii
stirring appeal to the employers up to
the arrogant trade unions, says, "The
onus is laid on the employers, from
whom the government haB taken away
the incentive to carry the war with
their men to extremities by depriving
them of the profit which would ordinarily accrue from Increased production,
The men are paid for overtime*, but the
employers—'tired and overstrained men'
—get nothing." This is much more
pathetic than the '' Song of the Shirt'';
and only awaits the pen of some budding spring poet to polish the idea into
a deathless lyric.
The Modem Syndicalist.
The real syndicalists of Britain are
doing exceedingly well at present,
thank you, and are, in fact, ablo to sit
up and take a little food. The most
powerful syndicate of them all, the
bankers, have had the year of their
lives. By the end of the war, we can
all cheerfully look forward to being the
prototype of Markham's "Man with
the Owe."
Question of Bookkeeping.
Just how the money-lending business
is conducted we do not profess to know,
and after much intensive culture, of
many treatises on banking, frenzied and
otherwise, we are still in the dark, as
doubtless was the intontion. But this
we do know, ot tho outbreak of the
war, the British state stepped forward
with £200,000,000 of national credit to
the banks to prevent a smash, and since
then we know thnt the banks have been
lending credit to the state at a high
rate of interest. And now all the banks
are declaring big dividends to thoir
shareholders, the London city and Midland bank nlone handing over to itB
owners three-fourths of a million dollars, This is "no sne bad" for a little
book-manipulation! Let's all become
War Profits of Shipowners.
According to the Statist, shipping
freights have risen 800 per cent, on
pre-war prices nnd the shipowners, thus
raising the price of imported foodstuffs,
have enabled the British farmors to
raise their prices to tho level of tbo import prices. This additional coat to tho
British people is estimated at the huge
figure of £400,000,000. The not profits
in the shipping industry for 1915 wero
£250,000,000, as compared with £20,000,
000 for 1013. Even when tho ozcess
profits tnx of 50 per cent, is deducted,
the result shows an increase of 543 per
cent. Of courso, the shipowners aro per
flonally very patriotic, and Home nf
them, in magisterial offices, veto the use
of public halls for discussions and lectures on such economic subjects as shipping profits.
Rapidly Receiving World-wide Recognition of Governments.
If proof wero needed of the rapid
growth of tho idea of compensation of
workmen for injuries received in thc
courso of employment ns a substitute
for tho old liability nets, it would be
found in Bulletin No. 185, by the bureau
of labor statistics of tho United States
department of lnbor. Tho bulletin presents tho legislation for tho years 1014
and 1015, together with amendments to
a number of earlier laws, which in somo
case:*) are so extensive as to necessitate
the reprinting of tho ontiro law. Thia
bulletin is in effect a supplement to
bulletin No. 120, issued two yours ago
ns a compilation up to that date of ex
iating legislation In this field.
Sevonty-five per cent, of tho prominent anti-militarists of South Africa
sorvod in the Boer war. Few of them
wero evon confessed socialists in thoso
days. How many socialists are going
to emerge from tho proscnt unprecedented holocausts! —Wilfrid Harrison.
the city are working has been the subject of public attention doping the week, extended articles on the question appearing in tht
daily press as the result of a police court prosecution.
The point to whioh special attention was drawn is that phase of tht
conditions under which the men work, which makes them personally
liable, with daily settlement, for all milk taken out on their rigs,
whether payment is made by the customer or not. The press states
that Magistrate Shaw, when considering the case at issue, made
special reference to the injustice of suoh an arrangement, stating that
it made the employee take all the chances and made him responsible
for losses incurred by reason of his endeavoring to hold trade for hi*
The police court prosecution was that of S. Corlett, a wagon driver,
who was charged by the Pure Milk Dairy. He held back $73, hia
collections for two days, pending settlement of his wage account, the
dairy then making a charge of theft. The evidence showed thai on a
settlement the discharged employee would still have money cominr
to him in excess of the amount he had retained, and the magistrate.
dismissed the charge with an order that settlement be made.,
As the milk wagon drivers have a union, which is affiliated with th*
Trades andl. Labor council, and which is rapidly growing in numben
and power, The Federationist has made investigation as to the conditions under which the drivers work, and secured facts whieh every
trades unionist should read carefully with a view to future action.
A General Practice.
It It found that, with tew exceptions,
every dairy in Vancouver exacts from
ita drivers the responsibility for collection of accounts, which Magistrate
Shaw declared to lie unjust. The men
take out sufficient milk in the morning
for their routes. On their return from
their run they must, before going home,
make settlement in cash or tickets for
every pint of milk taken out and not
returned. This makes the men dig
down and turn in real money for milk
which has been delivered and for which
for various reasons, the customer has
not paid that day. It also makes him
pay for milk which may have been lost
because of the accidental breaking of
bottles while rushing around to make
his deliveries as promptly as possible.
"Magistrate Shaw was right when he
declared this practice unjust," said one
driver who was interviewed on the
street by The Federationist. Every re-
tall trade in the city follows the practice of charging accounts to a degree
fixed by the employer. Are the clerks
held liable where theBe accounts are not
paid! No, the employer, who makes
the profit, takes the cbanceB, merely
laying down the general which marks
the limit of credit. That's fair, and if
a clerk exceeds his instructions as to
charges, he ought to be held responsible.
Responsible for Every Out.
But, In our caae, we are held liable
for every cent of charge accounts. We
don't deliver without payment just for
the pleasure of running up a porch and.
delivering milk. Wj do it became we
want to hold trade for our employers.
And, because we are working in his interests, we are expected to stand good
for the account.
"There are many reasons which make
small charge accounts necessary if we
are to hold trade. And, if we don't
hold it, we know our days as a driver
are numbered. We deliver as early as
possible in the morning. Often a woman runs out of tickets. She hesitates,
in these days when sneak thieves are
active, to put but money for milk or
tickets, and when we come around be-
fore the family is up, we find an empty
bottle and directions as to quantity.
What are we to dot We have no reason
to believe the milk won'e be paid for,
but if we deliver, we have to pay at
the end of our run. If wo follow the
safe course for us, we don't deliver. The
customer gets mad and my employer
probably loses the trade. I tell you, it
ain't fair to hold me for all these
'charges.' Let the dairy fix a reasonable limit and expect me to live up to
it and report for furthor directions
when the amount is reached. That
would meet the situation fully."
Early Deliveries a Factor.
One driver who was interviewed,
called attention to the meaning of the
practice during the summer. "We always deliver then before the people are
up," be snid. "We turn In our rigs,
then, beforo we can mako tho daily settlement, we often have to have to ro
nearly ull over our route again to make
collections in case we haven't the cash
in our pockets, Thnt means double
work." This driver also said that
"paydays" had much to do with
"charge" deliveries.
Thc goneral information rocoived
from tho drivers shows that tho nvernge
"charge" deliveries of n driver nre
nbout tt per day, and sometimes run up
to tt. In a month the "chargo"
amount for each driver always totals at
least 025, nnd sometimos runs to <50 or
higher. The usunl dnily sales on each
route nmount to from $25 to 430 per
Information ns to dairy practice at
other points where drlvors aro held responsible for "chargo" deliveries are
thnt monthly allowances are made the
drivers for bad debts. Ono dairy of this
class allows its men (5 per month on
this item nnd also makes nn allownnco
of 15 cents per day for accidental
Wages Paid Drivers.
In its investigntions, Tho Federation
ist lenrns that overy Vancouver dairy
makes separate ngrcoments with its
drivers. (Incidentally, it is also learned
that ono dairy puts up to its employees
an agreement which stipulates that tlio
man must not join nny union.) Tho
majority of the dairies pny on tho basis
of salary und commission, tho latter being ono per cont. of tho sales receipts
from tbo route, nnd a monthly salary,
on which t10 mny bo takon as a mlii*
morn. Ono dnlry, which pays a i'
snlnrv without commission, gi<
drivers from $05 to *75 por month, tho
•TODAY'S two. sasnro
Splendid Dtattrten Covering qnHIsS
tlons far Apprentice
An exceptionally well attended meeting of Vancouver Typographical unloa
was held on Sunday laat. Pretident
Pettipiece waa in the chair, ui all th*
officers were in their places.
Considerable discussion took place oa
a proposed amendment to tha bylaws
to provide that apprentices upon entering their third year at the trade, ahall
take the course of instruction given by
tho-1. T. IT. commission, or some other
course in technical training approved
by Vaacouver union. The apprentice
question haa for a number of yean
been receiving special attention in ths
various unions throughout the I. T. V.
jurisdiction, and, in the early part of
1908, the I. T. U. Commission on Supplemental Trade Education introduced
a technical course, whieh has proved a
great boon to the membership. Quite •
number of unlona insist that apprentices take this course aome time during
their apprenticeship, and No. 226 it now
taking the queation into consideration.
Keen interest in the debate on tha proposition waa taken by all ihe members
present, which indicated that thar wen
alive to the necessity of something being done to supplement the ' training
given apprentices ill printing offleee.
Tha proposition was referred buk to
tha examining committee of ths union,
ud will ba presented again at next
mating, in slightly uuadsd torn. ,
'ItWUiKtM not WWhd « »e%jttf
to the Northwestern Typographical
Conference, which convenes at Walla
Walla, Wash., on Monday, April 10.
Next meeting of the union will be
held on Sunday, April 30, when nomination of officers for 1916-17 will be msde.
Proposal to Organise Civic Employeea'
Union Discussed.
Laat week's meeting of the Trades and
Labor council was the best attended
meeting for some time paat. The atrike
of the electrical workers waa discussed
at length, aa reported in last week's
Federationist, and the subject of the organisation of a Civic Employees' union
was also taken up.
Notice of the annual meeting of the
Labor Temple Co. was received, giving
the date as March 31, and Delegate
Stoney was appointed to attend and
vote the shares of the couneil.
The reports of union delegates showed
a fair state of business, the cigarmakera
and street railwaymen both reporting
a little improvement over last month.
The bartenders reported that tbe one
hotel which had cut wages had been approached by the officers of the union,
and had again put in a card and resumed paying the union scale
During a discussion on the use of the
union label, Delegate Tates asked the
trade unionists in the city to remember
that the commodity which his union had
for sale could not carry tho label aa it
was transportation. Trades unionists
should remember, however, that it
waa furnished by men, every one
of whom had a union card, and worked
union hours, whereas the drivers of the
jitney cara were not oither fair to the
unions or to themselves, nB they worked
ub much as 18 hours per dny and ren*
dorod their service unsafe as well aa
keeping other men out of employment.
Organised Unskilled Workers Receive
More Pay Thu "Professionals."
"You think thnt you nro profotsloaal
people, but I tell you the hod carrier
yon soe in tho streets is getting mare
money thnn you, "said President Oompers in n recent address to teachers ln
New York, who are discussing affiliation with the American Federation of
"Musicians did not want to mingle
with machinists somo years ago," he
continued. "Now every imprcssario of
note belongB to tho union and they are
getting 60 per cent, moro monoy to live
on thnn ever bofore.
"There Ib not the slightest dnngor of
your union boing called out in a sympathetic strike. I pledge yon my word
there is no power in tho A. F. of I..
     *,.*,., ,   . ..   thnt can direct you to Btrike or not torn.   Onei dairy, which pays a Straight  fl|rikc   That Is fat in your hands,"
nry without commission, glvcB it's "        ;
A ronsonablo man soldom finds time
men Bigning up for Individual routes.
■n signing up rot ■namuuai routes.    ,„ „„ th„ ,, in(.0I1,lgt(,„Cy „, hu.
fho drivers atate that their routes  mn *nt,lr0,,. ho trcttt, tho ,',„„,„(
vnry considerably, but thot thoy havo
to put in from 8 to 14 hours por dny.
During delivery times, thc work is of
tho hardest kind, ns thoy must bo on
tho jump evory minute In ordor to moot
tho demand of customers for propor delivery as to time. Thc work gives a
man no reBt, as it covers a seven-day
wook. DcllvoricB nro nlso mndo on holidays, so It is a SOS-day year, with Fob.
21) thrown In this yenr for good luck.
It also means all weathers, nnd an one
drlvor remarked, "last winter was a
caution,'' a remark which every reader
prononted on ItB merits.
who remembers tho heavy snows and
continued rains of tho season will ap-
Toko lt all in all, the lot of the milk
wngon drlvors Ib not a picnic by uy
meanB. And whon, in addition to hard
work and long hours, tho driver bu to
bear the responsibility for his employer's ncoounts, a situation ia created
whloh certainly calls for public consideration ns to thc justice of the case. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY :... .MARCH 31, 1916
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New Weatminster W. Yates, Box 1021
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'Unity of Labor: tbe Hope of tbe World*
DURING A SERMON, delivered by
Rev. Dr. Bland, at Port Arthur,
Out., recently the good man took
occasion to pay his compliments to certain persons und interests that' havo
been busily engaged    making    hay
„. «„„.„ while    the    sun
shine of war made
full flower and fruitage of business can
be nothing short of graft, corruption,.
vice, crime and all the other vicious
and stenchful nuisances that now pester
human society and perplexes our Dr.
Bland and other well-meaning persons.
* * *
Instead of expending energy in verbally castigating enterprising profit-
chasers along the pathway of business,
the good Dr. Bland should more carefully consider the scriptures, wherein it
is said that "a tree is known by its
fruit." If we correctly remember, the
admonition is also therein to be found
thnt "ye cannot gather grapes from
thorns, nor figs from thistles."
the jubilation in evidence in certain quarters over what is termed
the downfall of the socialist movement
in England, owing to the outbreak of
the present war, the
RIGHT Sl°Cful   Predietio11
Zl« ™ that safe  and  Bane
it possible to har
vest a prolific nnd
profitable crop. In part he said:
"Whilo Canada was sending
forth an army of men, the Bpirit of
whom was unequalled since the
days of the crusade, and paying the
men $1.10 a day, sho was sheltering at home hordes of others who
were digging tbeir hands into th*)
money sent from Britain and given
by our own peoplo for supplies taking them out covered with filth and
corruption, yet waxing rich. An
unparalleled reign of graft had
sprung up since the war started all
the way from the Annapolis valley,
where decrepit horses were sold to
men wishing to uae them in fighting for their country, to the British
Columbia coast, where submarines
of doubtful value were bought at
outrageous prices. The government
dare not allow it all to become
known, but it will become known."
* *       *
We have heard a great deal about
graft and corruption in connection with
the purchase of various lines of merchandise, on behalf of the government
of Canada and Great Britain, to be used
for purposes of war. We have not been
unduly alarmed because of these accusations of graft and corruption for the
simple reason that disclosures of such
practices are so common, either in times
of peace or war, as to deserve little
more than passing notice anyhow. We
would respectfully urge upon aU Rev.
Drs. and other well-meaning persons to
refrain from unduly inflaming the public mind against these alleged grafters
and corruptionists at the present time,
because all of the inflammation of that
character available Bhould be directed
towards the annihilation of the country 's enemies and not against our own
enterprising horse dealers,, ammunition
merchants and financiers.
* *      *
With all due deference to Dr. Bland,
and with proper respect for his opinions,
we yet fail to see why all of this row
should be kicked up because some wideawake business men have taken advantage of the opportunity afforded by the
war to turn such opportunity to their
own account. It is no doubt true that
decrepit horses have been, sold to the
government at fancy prices, but there
is nothing alarming in that.
* J      *
It is in strict accord with the time-
honored ethics, not only of the horse
business, but of all other lines as well.
That is all there is to business anyhow.
Buy as cheaply as possible, and sell for
the highest figure obtainable. Resort
to whntover trickery may be necessary
in order to realize the much desired profit and stopping at nothing except the
risk of the penitentiary and you will
be rated as a safe and Bane business
man, and one of our foremost citizens.
* *      *
Dr. Bland's attention should be called
to tho fact that no working men havo
yet been implicated in any of this digging of "hands into tho money sent
from Britain," etc. It has all beon
done by business men and other respectable person. Workers are so busy
producing the things needful to human
kind that they rarely acquiro the art of
stealing from funds, cither public or
* *       *
As all business is built upon tho plunder of tho working class, and tho subsequent scramble over tho division of
tbat plunder, success in the scramble
depends upon a schooling along lines
entirely at variance with that required
in honest production of wealth. The
worker becomes skilled in the production of wealth; tho business man becomes skilled in the seizure of that
wealth after it iB produced, Tho one
deponds upon his labor for his existence; the other upon his wits. The one
toils and makes; tho other schemes and
takes. As business is based upon the
plunder of labor its every expression
must, of necessity, bo morally and ethically as unclean as the fundamental
principle from which it springs. Business is unthinkable apart from an enslaved and exploited working class.
That upon which business feeds and
thrives must first be stolen from the
working class which produces it. That is
what has always been dono since slavery became an established order of human society. The basis of present society being slavery, by the wage process, it can bring forth nothing less
corrupt and unclean than itself. The
graft nnd corruption complained of by
Dr. Bland and others is no more un
cloan and malodorous than the ordinary
every day processes of capitalist production and exchange. Based upon the
enslavement and robbery of labor, the
It now develops that the recent "labor riots" which occurred at Youngs-
town, Ohio, and resulted in widespread
destruction of property, were not labor
riots at all, but were the result of efforts made by certain small steel interests to prevent being swallowed' by the
United States Corporation, Just a little hostility between swallower and
swallowee, as it were. The grand jury
has now brought down an indictment
against Gary, the head of the Steel corporation, as a vesult of the affair, but
it remains to be Been whether he will
be hanged or merely imprisoned for life.
henceforth shape the
policy  of  Labor  in
Britain and dominate its. thought, tho
Winnipeg Voice, of last weok, indulges
in a little prophetic forecast upon its
own account, in part as follows:
Aftor the war, the men that have
held true to tho idea of the old international will be able to make
their appeal to tho international
working class.   The essential sanity of their position will become
clear.   They will be able to talk in
an atmosphere unclouded by passion and prejudice and fear,   And
they will address an appeal to the
strongest instinct in the heart of
man—the instinct of self-preservation.   *
i * * *
Right you are, brother. We, therefore, heartly second the motion, for we
are firmly convinced that the most interesting and eventful period in all history will begin with the ending of that
sublime spectacle, new being staged in
Europe, of the very culmination of all
the achievements of the world's ruling
class for the past sixty centuries and
* *   -   *
Thousands of. years of human slavery,
replete with blood and slaughter, murder and rapine, have been required to
furnish the setting for this triumphant
and glorious spectacle of a ruling class
gone mad through lust for plunder and
a working class gone equally mad
through ignorance of being the victim
of that plunder.
* *      * --
This European spectacle is absolutely
unthinkable except as a logical outcome
of the enslavement of Labor and the
appropriation of the wealth it can bring
forth; War, itself, is unthinkable apart
I from plunder. All wars have hinged
upon this one fact; all have been fought
for this one purpose. In fact there is
nothing else to fight about, although
statesmen, financiers, professors and
pulpiteers are not in the habit of so
* *      *
If this European fracas does not result in dislocating the spine of capitalist rule and thus bring it to an end, it
will certainly give it such a jolt that it
will be at lenst shaky on its legs and
ready for a trip-up. It is beyond reason
that the millions of men of these warring countries will return to civil life
without first having many of their previously petrified ideas and notions
knocked ont of them \)y the experiences
thoy have encountered during the war.
It is inconceivable that they should return to their previous walks of life and
finding conditions, in many cases, far
worse than before the war, tamely and
meekly submit to these harsher circumstances of life. It comes to us, through
underground channels, front at least
some of the counties involved, that even
now veterans of the war are coming
home from the front in that frame of
mind that prompts them to mutter
threats of dire portent to their own precious rulers, once the war has been
brought to an end: It is alleged that
some have even asserted that they and
their fellows who have been at the front
have not only lost all fear of death in
battle with the enemy, but have also
lost faith in nnd fear of a job lot of
rulers and ruling class institutions at
home, with which they propose to settlo
as soon as opportunity may offer. A lot
of information reaches ub in a fragmentary way from various parts of Central
Europe that throw an encouraging light
upon future international prospects and
possible developments.
* *      *
There has novor yet beon a Labor
movement that was not destructively
diluted with national aspirations and
impossible conceptions. Out of this war,
and close upon its heels, will come a real
Labor movement, revolutionary in its
character and international in its conception and field of action. That the
nucleus of-such a movement exists in
every country we have reason to know,
and that it has not only withstood the
shock of war but has gained in integrity
and strength of purpose we have equal
reason to feel assured. Right you nre,
brother; the hosts of Labor will again
take up the struggle for emancipation
and take a commanding position upon
the stage of events in the near future.
The provincial govornment is now
taking steps to recover some millions
of acres of land previously sold, but
upon which payments have not been
kept up. These lands are to be thrown
open to free entry to returned soldiers
who havo been honorably discharged,
crown grants to be forthcoming when
certain residence and improvement provisions have been complied with. We
havo been hoping that the misery and
discomforts of those who have beon doing "their bit" would cease with the
ending of tho war.
A certain bucolic Kansas editor, who
recently visited New York, having
made note of the tireless activity of
business life In the metropolis and also
of the fact that the entire western continent paid tribute thereto, foels called
upon to designate that city as the very
heart of America, This reminds us of
the character in Bellamy's famous
novel, "Looking Backward," who mistook the "throbbing of an abscess for
the beating of a heart."
Organized labor in British Columbia
has made no official pronouncement
upon the subject of prohibition, for obvious reasons. Affiliated with the trades
union movement are men and women of
all shades of opinion, social, political
and religious, many of thom earning
their living in the crafts directly and
indirectly affected, For thiB reason the
American Federation of Labor and the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
the parent trade and legislative bodies,
respectively, on this continent, have repeatedly voted to leavo the question to
the individual membership to decide for
the benefits to brothers going on active
service. The subject caused a lively discussion, and the meeting decided that
as this matter waB fully gone into at
the last convention,, nothing further
should be done. Bro. Hoover quoted
figures showing that our insurance benefit was run on a very close margin, and
that it was impossible to pay benefits to
members on active service without increasing the assessments. A few minutes' study of the subject will convince
all concerned that the risk is too great.
J. E. G.
Mixer and Server Gives a Live One on
How the "Drys" Woik Out,
According to one official journal, the
youngest bootlegger ever captured in
West Virginia was picked up last week
by Constnble Harry Connor when ho arrested Ross Barber, 14 years old.- The
boy was arretted with two pints of
whisky in his pockets. He told Justice
Fleming that he was selling the liquor
at 20 cents a drink. Ho claims he was
selling about 300 drinks a week. Sheriff
Conway now has ono "bootlegger" 85
years old, in jail, serving time, and tho
youngest is now awaiting trial. *
(Continued from page 1)
Topical Talk
Trusty Tillicum
I regret to inform the wage-earners
of Canada thnt they will have to economize in the matter of motor cars, the
importers having announced that ■ in
consequence of the heavy increase in
freight and other charges, due to the
war, they have found it necessary to
advance their prices, nnd the price of
* *       *
I want to see harmony in the local
movement. But I can't see how anyone
can expect to have harmony and go
around telling how he is going to put
all those out of business who won't play
his game in his way. The person who
really wants harmony must learn to
have respect for the rights and ideas
of others. Ho must learn the plain old
lesson of give-and-take.
* *   .   *
A London newspnper scribe says that
truth is only stranger than fiction in the
sense that we are less accustomed to it.
* *       *
Somebody has satirically suggested
that in years to come retired army contractors may expect their young hopefuls to ask, not "what," but "whom
did you do in the great war, daddy f"
* *       *
Necessity knows no law—nnd neither
do some lawyers.
* *      *
The other day a United States youth
shot a girl of seventeen several times,
and then put a bullet into his own head.
"It was a case," said one paper naively, "of boy and girl affection." Come
to think of it, affection is a curious
thing. ^
* *       *
I wns talking to a man who enrrtos
a union card—I was going to call him a
union man—in the front part of the
Labor Temple the other day. He went
to roll a cigarette and pulled out a sack
of tobacco that had a tag with a picture
of a gentleman cow on it. He had just
been telling me about a do-it-quick plan
he had to orgnmzo Vancouver.
* *       *
"The union label is always ready to
do its part to promote the interests of
the organized workers, but it remains
for the workers to demand it on all
purchases in order that it may be effective. Do your part in demanding it,
and be an intelligent, 'honest trade
Object to Short Special Runs Arranged
By B. C. Electric.
The attendance at the last meeting of
the street railwaymen was very good.
It takes a good big grievance to fill the
meeting hall, and the list of grievances
discussed was long and varied. The
junior men were well represented, seeking a solution to their troubles in being
held responsible for the miserable little
specials which gives them in some cases
only from two to five hours per day.
This is certainly a hardship on men who
have been with the company for three
years or more, ami' a spirit of resentment is being shown by the men affected.
Our dologatos to the Trades and Lnbor couneil reported that the milk
wagon drivers' union was appealing for
moro support from orgnnized labor, and
asked the stroot railwaymen to see thnt
the men delivering their milk wore the
union button. Anyhow, we have our
mail delivered by good union men,
whether wo like it or not.
Bro. Hnnk Drew wishes to thank his
many friendB who made enquiries during his recent indisposition. Hank says
ho will give the recipe for curing boils
to any person similarly affected.
Bro. John Hendry, the champion
checker player, has a fino big man's
size camera for sale or exchange for a
few packets of 'gardon Beeds.
Always regarding it as a delicate subject and not wishing to hurt anybody's
feelings, we have hitherto kept the
knowledge to ourselves until backed up
by the Weokly Scotsman of Feb. 5,
which puts it this way in big headlines:
"Scot and Gurkha bothers-in-arms,"
This Burely will close the discussion
that the "bull pen" debaters have been
arguing for many years.
We are ploased to announce that Bro,
West; a respected member of the division, is back to work in the armature
room, after an extended lay off through
slackness of work. Let's hope that Bro.
WeBt has lost nono of his old enthusiasm.
A delegation from the New Westminster local, consisting of President Olapp
and Bro. Botton, wero present, seeking
the feeling of our members regarding
Westminster Trust Co.
-   Head Office: New Westminster, B. C.
Managing Director   Secretary-Treasurer
Houses, Bungalows, Stores and modern suites for tent at s big reduction. Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at $2.50 up. Wills drawn up free
of charge. Deposits accepted and Interest at Four per cent, allowed on
dally balances.
in annual convontion ln January. Executive officers, 1916-17: President, Jaa. H. MeVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, J.
Brooks, E, Morrison; Victoria, 0. Sivertz;
Now Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Denning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; District 28. U. M. W. ot A. (Vancouver Island),
W. Head; District 18, U. M. W. ot A.
(Crow's Nest Valley), A. J. Garter. Secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, P. 0, Box 1538,
Victoria, B. 0.
first and third Thursdays. Executive
board; Junius ii. MoVety, president; K, P.
1'ettipieee, vice-president; Alias Helena Gutteridge, general secretary, 210 Labor Temple;
Frod Knowles, treasurer; W. JU, Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-anus, Jehu Sully; A,
J, Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brooks, trustee!.
VIOTOBIA, B, 0. '	
of their means of livelihood, through no
fault of theirs, hnd a right to Bpeak
strongly on the subject.
F. Graham, n brewery'worker, said
that prohibition legislation as proposed
would affect their craft by throwing 50
or more men out of work in this city.
He was in full accord with tne movement.
Oeo. Girard and J. Haliwell guaranteed the support of the cigarmakers,
and stated their trade would be seriously affected by a prohibition law.
Other speakers were H. Davis, K. D.
McCaffrey, B. A. MeDougall, S. Johnston, W. Laurie, K. Plum all being in
favor of the movement.
W. Laurie moved, seconded by G.
Girard—" That thiB meeting is in full
sympathy with the object for which it
waB called."   Carried unanimously.
Moved by C. R. Leer, seconded by R.
D, McCaffrey, and "Resolved, that the
association be composed of wage-earners in the industry and sympathizers
with the objects of this association."
Tho next meeting will be held in Labor Temple on Sunday, April 3, nt 2
p.m., at whieh a report of the committee
appointed to draft a preamble and constitution will be presented. Intending
members and supporters are cordially
invited to be present.
' OIL—Meets fint and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p. in. President, A. S. Wells; aeeretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 802, Victoria, B, 0.
ot America, local 784, New Westmlnater.
Meets second Sunday ot each month at 1:30
p.m.    Secretary, F. W, Jameson, Box 496.
Aak for Labor Temple 'Phona Exchange,
Seymour   7485   (unless   otherwise   stated).
Cooks, Walten,, Waitresses—Room 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Workera (outside)—E. H. Morri-
'   Bon, Room 207.    Bey, 8611).
Englneera (steam)—Room 216; E. Prendergut.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue. Office phone, Beymour 4704; residence, Highland 1S44L.
Longshoremen'a Association—-Thomaa Nixon,
I     10 Powell street; phone Sey, 68SB.
Musicians—H. * J. Braifleld, Room 806,
Sailors—W. 8. Barns, 218 Hastlngi atreet
west.     Bey,  8708,
Street Railway Employeea—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymour 6000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelanda. Room 206.
British Columbia.
Cranbrook Trades and Lahor Council—Secretary, F, McKenna, Watt avenue.
Nekon Trades and Labor Council—F. Peserll,
Box 074.
Now Westminster Trades and Labos Council
—W. Yatea, Box 1021.
Prince Rupert Trades and Labor Council—
W. E. Thompson, Box 6B4.
Revelstoke Trades and Labor Council—Phil
Parker, Box 468.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—Miss
Helena Outterldge, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Victoria  Trades and  Labor Council—Frank
Holdrldge, Box 802.
Calgary Tradei and Labor Counoll—J.   E.
Young, Box 1404.
Edmonton   Trades   and   Labor   Council—A.
Farmilo. Box 1403.
Lethbridge   Trades   and   Labor  Council—H.
Morris, 226—14th street north.
Medicine Hat Tradea and Labor Council,—
W, Burgess, 590—4th avenue N. E.
Moose Jaw Trades and Labor Council—B.
H. Chadwick, Box 1317.
Prince Albert Trades and Labor Council—H.
D. Davis, 676—5th St. S.
Regina Trades and Labor Council—C.   W.
Walker, Labor Temple, Oiler atreet.
Saskatoon Tradei and Labor Council—J. D.
Wallace,  212—81st  St. W.
Transcona Trades and Labor Council—John
Weir, Box 617.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council—R. A
Rigg, H. P. P., Room 14, Labor Temple.
Berlin Trades and Labor Council—U. Strub,
Weber Apartments, Young St,
Brantford Trades and Labor Council—H. J.
Symons, 115 Cayuga St.
Fort William Trados and Labor Council—8.
P. Speed, 510 N. Brodie St.
Ouelph    Trades    nnd Labor Counoll—Thos,
Hall, 80 Kathleon stroet.
Hamilton Trades and Labor Council—W. R.
Rollo,  Box  828.
Kingston Trados and Labor Council—W. J.
Drlscoll, 112 Lower Bagot street.
London TradeB  and  Labor  Council—Joseph
Hill, Linwood streot, Knollwocd Park.
Niagara Falls Trades and Labor Council—D,
Wagner, 619 Ferry streot.
Ottawa Allied Trades and Labor Aiioclatlon
—W. Lodge, Box  51.
Port Arthur Tradei and Labor Council—A.
F.  Manchee,   116  Jean   St.
Peterborough Trades and Labor Conndl—W.
M. Stevens, Box 928.
Sault Ste Marie and Steelton Tradea Council—Wm. Gregory, East End P. 0., Sault
Ste. Mario.
South Waterloo Trades Council—A, L. Philp,
63 Centre Btreet, Oalt.
St. Catherines Trades and Labor Council—
Leo. T. Coyle, 208 St. Paul Btreet,
St.  Thomas Trades  and Labor  Council—A.
R. Robertson,  124 Redan street.
Toronto    District    Labor Council—T,    A.
StovenBon, 24-Haselwood avenue.
Welland   Trades    nnd    Labor   Couneil—W.
Powrie,  Box  23.
Windsor Trades and Labor Council—Harold
Clarke, 04 Howard avenue.
Montreal Trades .and    Labor    Council—G.
Francq, 2 St. Paul itreet.
Quebec  nnd   Lovis   Trados i Council—Joseph
Gnnvln, 74 Scott Mroet, Quobec.
St. Jean Trades and Labor Council—George
New Brunswick.
Moncton  Trades  and   Labor  Council—Chas,
H. Cameron, 105 Uonnacord atroet.
St.  John  Trades  and  Labor  Council—John
Kemp, 320 Main street.
Nova Scotia.
Amhorat Trades and  Labor Council—Tboa.
Carr, Box 631.
Halifax Trndes and Labor Council—Robert
Millar, 57 Almon Btreet.
Pictou County Trades and Labor Council—
Alox.  M.  Ferguson,  Box  980,  New Glasgow, N. S.
Sydney Trades and Labor Council—J. A, Mclntyre, 80 Louisa Btreet.
President—Samuel Gompers, Washington, D.
C.; Clgarmakors International union.
First vico-presldont—James Duncan, Quincy,
Mass.; Granite Cutters' International
Second vice-president—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. C.; International Association of Machinists,
Third vice-president—D. A. Hayei, Philidel-
phla; Glass Blowers' association.
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati; Molders' union of North
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chicago; United Association of P'umbers.
Sixth vice-president—H. B. Perham, St.
Louts; Order of Railway Telegraphers.
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis; United Brotherhood of Carpentera.
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio;
United Mine Workers.
Treasurer—John B. Lennon, Bloomington,
111.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Seeretary—Frank Morrison, Washington, D.
G; International Typographical union,
Directors: R. P. Pettlplece, president_3t,n.
Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wllby, W. J.
Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H, Free, Miss Helena
Gutteridge, Fred A. Hoover, J. Byron, Jaa,
H, MoVety, manager and aeeretary-treaiurer,
Room 911, Laber Templt,
Moots   second   Monday   In   tho   month,
Presidont,  H,  J,   Bothel;   iecretary,   R    H,
Nfelaiids, P. 0. Box 00.	
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Office,
Room liUtJ Labor Temple. Meets lirst
Sunday of uaoh month. Presidont, James
Campbell; flnanclal aeeretary, li. Davis, Box
424; phono, Soy. 4752; recording secretary,
Wm, Mottishaw, Globe Hotel, Main atreet.
—Moots every 1st and Srd Tuesday,
8 p.m., Room 1)07. President Ji. P. Wand;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
68; financial aeoretary, W. J. Pipes; builneia
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 216.
BREWERY WORKERS, L. U. No. 281, 1. U.
U. B. W. of A.—Meets first and third Monday of eaeh montb, Room 302, Labor Temple,
8 p.m. President, Chas. A. Thomaa; iecretary, Chas. G. Austin, 782 Seventh avenue
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meata
firat and third Mondaya, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue weit;
secretary, A. Fraier, 1161 Howe atreet.
PACIFIC—Meets at 437 Gore avonue every
Tuesday, 7 p.m.    Russell Kearley,  business
met-ts room 206, Labor Temple, every
Monday, 8 p.m. Preildent, D. W. MeDougall,
1162 Powell itreet; recording seoretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple: flnanolal secre-
I tary and builneia agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
Allied Printing Tradea Council—R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Barbers—S. H. Grant, 1801 7th avenue west,
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424,
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill
P. 0.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty-
fourth avenne eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraier, 1151 Howe atreet.
Brewery Workera—Chas. G. Austin, 732 7th
avenue east.
Bricklayers—William S. DagnaU, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpentera Dlstriot Council
—F. L. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Soltoway, 1167 Harwood atreet. Beymour
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen—0. W. Pulham, 1808 Beymour
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen—D. A.
Munro, P. 0. Box 248.
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen—M. D.
Jordan, 1060 Granville street.
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees— E, Corado, 286 Clark drive.
Cigarmakers—W. H. McQueen, ears Kurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Btreet
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenne.
Electrical Workera (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical Workera (inilde)—F. L. Eating-
bauson, Room 207.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Horseihoers—Labor Temple.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177—17th
avenue weat.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J. Brooks, Room 211, Lsbor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 819 Eighteenth
avenue west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806, Labor
Moving Picture Operators—H. C. Roddan, P.
0. Box B46.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch, 761
Beatty Btreet.
Painters—Geo. Weston, Boom 808, Lsbor
Plumbers — Room 206%, Labor Temple.
Phono Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia St.
Plasterers—John James Cornish, 1809 Eleventh avenue East. ■
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, eare Columbia Hotel.
Seamen's Union—W. 8. Barns, P. 0. Box
Structural Iron Worken—Room 108, Labor
Stonecutters—James   Rayburn,   P,   O.   Box
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender atreet east.
Street Railway Employees—Jamea E. Griffin.
166 Twenty-fifth avenue east.
Stereotypers—W, Bayley, care Province,
Telegraphers—E. B. Pepnln, Box 842.
Trades and Labor Council—Miss Helena Gutteridge. Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H, Neelands, Box 66.
Tailors—C. McDonald, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo, W. Allin,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenne east.
bricklayers—H. Wand, W. Pipes, W. Dagnall.
Barbers—8. II. Grant, J. P. Farris,
Bartenders—H. Davis, W. Laurie, W. Mottishaw, G. Kelly, J. Smith.
Bobkkblnders—F. Mansell, F. Napier,
Brewery Workers—A, Myloi, J. Sykes, J.
Cigarmakers— *
Civic Employees—J. Sully, G. Kilpatrick, F.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—A. Graham, W.
Carpenters, No. 617—James Campbell, Geo.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison, R. N.
Garment Workers—
Horso Shoors—   ■
Doep Boa Fishermen—Russell Kearley.
Lotter Carriers—Fred Knowles, R. Wight, 3.
,Dodd, R. Kirkwood, A, Cook.
Longshoremen—F, Williams, D.  Sinclair.
Machinist!—.!. Brooks, J. H. McVoty, A. R.
Milk Wagon Drivers—A. H. Porter, 0. Borden, Geo. Anderson.
Moving Picture Operators-
Printing   Pressmen—J.  J,  Bothers,   Thomas
Plumbers—J. Cowling.
Pattern Makers—R. MeDougall, H. S. Night-
Painters and Decorators—W. J. Nagle.
Printing Pressmen's Assistant**—
Pile Drivers and Wooden Brldgemen—
Street Rallwsy Employees—F. Haigh. F. A.
Hoover, W. H. Cottrell, W. E. Beattle, J.
Anton,  H.   Wlttlngton,   A.   Lofting,   R.
Stone Cutters—J. Downle.
Sheet Metal Workers—A. J. Crawford.        ,
Stage Employees—A. M, Harrington, G. 0.
Sailors—W. F. Burns.
Tailors—Dan  Leigh,  0.  MoDonald,   Helena
Typographical—R. P. Pettlplece, W. R. Trotter, J. E. Wilton, H. L. Corey, J. R. Mel-
som, Geo, Bartley,
Tile Layers—F. Rlngle, B. Neville.
Laborers' anion, No, 66—Meets flrst and
third Friday of each month, Labor Temple.
President, E. C. Appleby; aeeretary, George
Harrison; business agent, John Sully, room
220, Labor Temple, All laborers invited to
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S ASSOCIATION, Local 8862.   Offlee, Association hall, 10 Powell street.   Meets every
Sunday, 2:30 p.m.   Thomas Nixon, secretary.
and fourth Fridays at 8 p.m.   President,
J. Mclvor; recording secretary, J. Brookes;
financial secretary, J. H. MoVety.
S. E. A M. P. M. 0.—MeeU flrst Sunday of
each month, Rum 204, Labor Temple.
Preaident, W. E. McCartney; Business
Agent, E. J. Huttlemayer; Finanoial and Corresponding Secretary, H. C. Roddan, P. 0.
Box 346.
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity.
Branoh meeta 1st and Srd Frldaya at Labor
Temple, Room 205. H. Nlgbtacales, president, 276 Fifty-sixth avenue east; Jos. G.
Lyon, financial secretary, 1721 Grant street;
J. Campbell, recording aeeretary, 4869 Argyle
UNION, No. 69—Meets second Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room 204. President, W. Bell, 2220
Vine atreet; secretary-treasurer, E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia atreet; recording secre-
tary, W. Shannon, 1789—28th avenne eaat.
PLOYEES, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temnje, second and fourth Wedneadaya at 2:80 and 6 p.m. President, W.
H, Cotterill; recording secretary, Jas. E. Griffin, 166 Twenty-flfth avenue east; financial
secretary and busineu agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2400 Clark drive.
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
held first Tuesday ln each month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Gutteridge; recording sec, G. MoDonald, Box 608; financial secretary, K.
Paterson, P. 0. Box 603.
Meets last Sunday of each montb at 2
p.m. President, R. Parm. Pettlpleoe; vice-
president, W. 8. Metsger; secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P. 0   Box 66.
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meets In convention September of
each year. Executive board: Jas. C. Watters,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B. G; secretary-treasurer, P. M. Draper, Drawer 615, Ottawa, Ont.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tho Yukon Terlrtory, the Northwest Territories and
In a portion of tbe Provinoe of Britlah Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of f 1 an acre. Not
more than 2,660 acres will be leaaed to one
Applications for lease muit be made by the
applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of tbe district In which the rlghta applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by seotlons, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and la unaurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the applicant himself.
Eaoh application must be accompanied by
a fee of 86, wblch will be refunded If the
rights applied for ara noi available, but not
otherwise, A royalty shaU be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rata
of five eents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish tho Agent with sworn returns accounting for ths full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such roturm should be furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, but tha lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate or 110 an aore.
For full information application should be
msde to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any1 Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of tbe Interior,
N, B.—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80690
_ Of America
Vote against prohibition I Demand personal liberty In choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee tbat lt Is Union Made, Thli la our Label
Because it measures up to
the highest standard is the
reason for the popularity
"The Beer Without a Peer"
It appeals to you from the
first on account of its superior and delicious quality. Cascade not only refreshes but tones up the
system and does you real
good. Any dealer will
supply you with any quantity.
Pints $1.00 per dozen
Quarts $2.00 per dozen
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops
by Union Labor.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
And on sale at all Liquor Stores in '
is good for all men; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for some
men. The total abstainer has no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what he neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
Urge Adoption of Measure*
Familiar to Unionists
of All Canada
Want Provision for First
Aid in the New Compensation Act
[By L. E. D.]
TORONTO, March 20.—Organized
labor of Ontario has just submitted
many important requests to the local
house here for itB consideration. A
joint deputation from the Trndes and
Labor Congress of Canada and the Ontario Labor Educational association,
waited on the government this week
with resolutions praying for the following:
1. Abolition of property qualifications
for candidates to municipal office; 2,
Licensing of all private detective agencies and their employees; 3. Franchise
for \vomen; i. Defeat of bill providing
for increaso of poll tax from $1 to $5
on all individuals under 65 years of
age; 5. Establishment by firms of lunch
rooms for employees so that they might
secure proper noonday meal; 6. Amendment to elections act to allow trainmen
to vote when away from home; 7.
Amendment to Workmen's Compensation act to provide for payment .of physicians from funds of act for first aid
Jos. T. Marks, secretary of the Ontario Labor Education association, said
the deputation believed it represented
the organized sentiment of the province.
The history of the Labor movement
showed that no measure advocated by
the working people, had ever been defeated permanently. The first request
Mr. Marks had to make was for the
abolition of the property qualification
for candidates for municipal office.
Abolish Qualification.
Aid. Halford, of Hamilton, pointed
out that while the premier of the Dominion needed no, property qualification
in order to hold his position, yet a man
seeking to run for alderman had to put
up a bond of $1000 in the shape of
property. The Labor men, said Mr. Halford, were going to the front on a basis
of from 50 to 55 per cent. Surely these
boys wero entitled to recognition.
Aid. Joe Gibbons, of the Street Railwaymen 's union, read a resolution providing for the licensing of private detective agencies. The resolution pointed out that many of the operatives used
by the agencies were of low moral character, and in many cases aliens, aome
of whom had served terms in jails in
the United States and Canada. Mr.
Gibbons strongly urged that detective
agencies be compelled to secure a license for each man, that such licenses
be issued by the provincial license department, and that it be a certificate of
character for the operative, "We don't
object to honest men doing this work
and checking other men," added Mr.
Amend Election Act.
J. C. Watters requested the govern'
mont to amend the Elections act so that
trainmen away from their homes on the
day of election could vote at the poll
which thoy were near. This could be
arranged by the appointment of representative scrutineers.
Bancroft on Compensation Act.
The Workmen's Compensation act
needed amending, said the deputation,
and Mr. Fred, Bancroft spoke particularly as to tho needs of providing for
the payment, from tho funds of the act,
the bills of doctors for first aid work,
Ih many cases prompt action on the
part of the physician prevented a minor
accident from becoming a major ono,
Simpson on Suffrage.
Mr. James Simpson advocated womens suffrage because from the points
of intelligence, patriotism and sense of
responsibility women were entitled to
vote. He gave a rehearsal of arguments, ofter heard, in support of votes
for women. Mr. Simpson said he had
boen discussing the suffrage question
sinco a boy of 16. He also spoke of
the necessity of compelling firms to
provide lunch room accommodation for
Hydro's Contracts.
Mr. T. Moore, Niagara Falls, claimed
that tho Hydro Electric commission
gave orders and contracts to firms which
did not pay the union or the prevailing
rate of wages. Now that the Hydro
was at work in the Niagara peninsula,
ho urged that the government provide
that all firms securing orders or contracts must pay the union rate of
Bruce on Labor Department.
J. W. Bruce of Toronto, dealt with
put up in
pint bottles
Factory: 1385-7 Powell Street
-   Telephone Highland 285
Bit 1904 Vancouver, B. O.
the tiil providing for the establishment
of a Labor branoh of the publie works
department. He thought the Labor interests should be taken care of by a
distinct department, and not by an ad*
junet of another department. Mr. Bruce
hoped that the government would see
that its Labor acts were enforced.
"I may say that we have no faith
whatever in the labor department of
the Dominion government, because of
the routine you have to go around in
order to get the act enforced," con-
eluded Mr. Bruce.
'I may say that the last speaker
speaks for himself," apologetically remarked President James Watters.
Personnel of Deputation.
The deputation included John Sutherland, S. ft Neanion, PeterDoro; Jas. C.
Watters, Ottawa; Fred. Bancroft, Jas.
Simpson, T. A. Stevenson, T. Black,
Jos. Marks, A. E. Woodward, J. Mc-
Cahon, H. J. Halford, Hamilton; J.
Sauve, Kingston; Jas, Scott, Thos.
Moore, Niagara Falls; Jas. A. Hart, W.
J. Hart, J. F. MfirBh, J. W; Bruce, Joe
Trades and Lahor Council.
April 3, 1891.
Special meeting of Trades and Labor
council held this evening in Thompson-
Ogle block. Vice-president Geo. Irvine
in the chair. Among those present
were: Frank Gale, Dan O'Dwyer, Alex.
Bruce, J. L; Franklin, J. Dickenson,
John Dale, W. Macey, Goo. Bartley, C.
Hoaro, J. Harrison, W. B. Steele, Robt.
Cosgrove, Pat Cody, Wm. Pleming, A.
B. Campbell, J. A. Fulton (secretary.)
Thos. Tidy, secretary Bricklayers'
union, wrote withdrawing from the
councU, it not being in harmony with
the Executive board of the international
union to be amalgamated with the
Trades and Labor council.
Delegato Hoaro said the trouble was
due to the fact that the hodcarriers, instead of the sliding scale in force of
$2.25 to $3, had adopted a uniform rate
of $2.50 for nine hours. Several delegates severely criticized the action of
the Bricklayers' union, and held it had
no jurisdiction over the hodcarriers.
Contractor Carter, of the postoffico,
stated he would employ nobody that
had any connection with the trades
It was unanimously decided to strictly adhere to the card Bystem.
Meeting of New Westmin
ster Labor Temple Co.
Held Tonight
Although Profit Is Shown,
Advise No Dividend
Be Passed
The fourth annual gathering of the New
Westminster Labor Temple Co., Ltd.,
will be held at the Labor Temple tonight, when reports will be presented
showing the result's of the operation of
the building during the year.
The directors of tho company report
that although the year has been a hard
one in all lines of business, careful and
conservative management has enabled
them to present a financial statement
which shows that the Labor Temple
project is still on its feet. After making allowance for depreciation and bad
debts, a profit of $220.37 is reported for
the period, which, with the not balance
from last year, brings the ne\ profits on
hand to $711.81.
In view of existing conditions, the
directors recommond that no dividend
be paid this year, but that the profit be
utilized to reduce the liabilities of thc
company arising trom capital expenditure.
Detail of Financial Statement.
The financial statement of the Labor
Tomple  Co.  to Dec.  31,  1915,  as  reported by the auditor is as follows:
Ledger Balance.
Share account  $    443.17
Capital stock     7,077.83,
Roal estate    $ 4,740.86
J. J. Johnston   	
Incorporation expenses
Trustees, K. of P....
Furniture account   ...
l'rotit and loss	
Building        6,101
Stationery nnd printing
Interest account ......
Joint trustees K. of P.
Accts receivable, rent..
Acct   receivable,  «hiirt>n
Dividend ncct	
CbhIi on hand	
Insurance $
Incorporation exp,  .$90
Lobs   ..'	
Htiitlonery and printing
Depreciation, furniture,
Mini accts. written off.
Bal.  at credit	
.    $14,402.79  14,492.79
Profit and Loss.
  $ 1,606.50
Families of Workers Should
Be Receiving Weekly -
City Munition Worker Get
Twice Pay of the Old ,
Country Worker
qTOAT THE ARTICLE appearing in
1 The Federationist of March 10, concerning the conditions under which men
who wont from British Columbia to
work in wnr munition factories in the
Old Country, was widely read, has boen
proven by the number of enquiries and
tho scope of the facts which came to
tho office as a result of the appeal of
the closing paragraph for further specific information'.
One important point covered by thiB
information deals with the question of
separation allowances to families of
munition workers, the individuals giving the basis of The Federationist's
former story ndt having been in reoeipt
of this aid.
The information now furnished is
that every family of a munition worker
is entitled to a separation allowance of
$4.25 per week. In order to obtain the
payments, action must be taken by the
munition worker in the Old Country,
when the allowance will be forwarded
with a lump remittance for back allowance from the time the worker started.
The Federationist's informant states
that if adidtional information as to the
allowance is desired, it can probably be
obtained through inquiry addressed to
the deputy minister of labor at Ottawa.
All Wives Should Benefit.
This lady's husband was one of the
first contingent of munition workerB to
leave British Columbia, and started
work last August. It was November
before she received her first payment, a
remittance of $59 for back payments
being then made. Since that time she
has been receiving her allowance every
two weeks. She states that wives of
other munition workers whom she
knows, are also receiving the allowance,
nnd says that there is no reason why
the family of any worker should not be
receiving the remittance regularly.
The factB sent to The Federationist
concerning the conditions -under which
munition workers are working in the
Old Country are similar in character to
those previously given.
One man who left Vancouver with
the first contingent of workers, writes
that he is making 41 shillings a week.
A peculiar condition in this case is that
the man's son, who stayed at home, is
now working on munitions work "some*
waere in British Columbia," and
earning $27 per week for an 11-hour
day, as compared with hiB father's wage
of 41 shillings for an 80-hour week.
One man went to the Old Country on munition work because he was
rejected for overseas service here on
account of weakness in his lower limbs,
Today this man works at the lathe from
14 to 15 hours per day, receiving for his
skilled labor less than the pay of an
overseas private, taking into account
the board, clothing and attention guaranteed the latter.
Barns 42 Shillings Fer Week,
He writes that he earns about 42 shillings per week, whereas he was led to
expect, when going, that he would have
no difficulty in making $20 per week.
Ho says that some workers can make
£3 per week, but this is through overtime and bonus and wors of this class
is saved in his factory for the old
Out of hiB wage he has to pay 18
shillings per week for board and room,
as well as car fare and incidentals. He
writes that, not taking into account the
question of clothing, he would not have
more than $5 por week from his wages
to send homo. Tho Accommodation and
food given tho workers is not by any
means what thoy are accustomed to, as
tho centres whero munition factories
are located are now overcrowded and
tho lodgings offered the men nro by no
means comfortable. The standard of the
board furnished is steadily being lowered with the advance in the cost of
Does it require deep insight to understand that with changes in man's material conditions of life, social relations
and social system, his ideas, views and
conceptions, iu one word, his consciousness also changes? What does tho history of ideus prove but that intellectual
production changes with material production f The ruling ideas of any ago
have ovor beon only the ideas of its ruling clnss.—Marx.
Prize Winning
Sweet Peas
420 00
9 1,506.50 1,566.50
Amt. lirt. forward Dec. 31, 1914. .$1,005.29
Profit for year 1915      226.37
Lew dividend paid       519 85
Bal. standing at credit proflt & Ioss$
Assets and Liabilities.
Real estate and bldg. .$10,8.
Furniture and fixtures..
Incorporation Exp	
Cash nn hand	
Unclaimed bal. dlv. sect
Dlv. not claimed	
Share account	
Capital stock   	
J. J. Johnston .......
Trus. K. of P.  	
Joint tms. K. of P	
Bat at credit P. and L.
$12,707.11 12,707.11
Compensation Act Upheld.
Four justices of the California supremo court this weok decided that tho
Workmen's Compensation act was constitutional in respect to tho allowance
of compensation by the Industrial Accident commission to dependents of employeea accidentally killed.
l'ho soason Is well along, but growth
lias been so slow  that you may  yet
plant sweot pe&s—but do not delay.
(tet   ono   of   our   fine   collections   of
Spencor varieties:
Ritchie's Exhibition Collection 12
best named  $1.00
Ritchie's Royal Collection, 12 well-
known named      76c
Ritchie's Favorite Collection, 12
choice, named    35c
Catalogue mailed free. Send address.
840 Granville Street
: Opp. Globe Theatre
Refined Senrice
On. Blook wen of Court Houn.
Uie of Modern Chapel and
Fun.nl Parlor. free to all
Telephone Seymour MSB
Vancouver—Offlce and Chapel,
10S4 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3181.
North Vanoouver — Offloe and
Chapel, HI—Sixth St. Weat, Phone
There ire • number of
reasons WHY you should
Surchate LECKIE
HOES in preference to
others.  One good reason
are made in British Columbia in a British Columbia institution by British Columbiana.
Eveiy pennv you pay for LECKIE SHOES remains
here in British Columbia. You pay no duty.
Another reason is that you can not purchase a better
•hoe on the market Any man who wears a LECKIE
will testify to that
—At Leading Dealers Everywhere-
Named Shoes are frequently Bade ia Nm-
Union Factories**-Do Not Boy Aay Shoe
ao matter what Us asms, unlaaa It bears a
plain and rsadabl* Impression or this stamp.
All SIMMS without ths Unloa Stamp ate
always Non-Union.
146 Summer atroot, Boston, Mass.
3. F. Tobla, Pros.   0. L. Blaise, See .-Tress
Have your teeth
examined I make
no charge
Every one should coautt a
dental surgeon regularly. It
saves trouble, often uvea
money, alwayi saves tooth.
Hygienic Crowns
and Bridges 1
Made to replace loBt or injured teeth, solid   $4 061* tOOtfl
gold moulded and cast to stand wear; beautiful finish, best workmanship.
Modelled and moulded to St the face aa   djl A ryetf. aetr
well aa the jaw; give back the natural ex-   T1U P"*   ™*
presaion and facial appearance; solid wearing
and exact "bite" with comfort in use.
Offlce open Tuesday and Saturday
My modern painless methods on
sll my work
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St., W.
Cor. Seym
Phone Seymour 3331
Ooo.l for on. ynar'n aubieriptlon to The B.
Irt OTTIl   /*>• A T"» T\ r» °* B'.J.r.tionUt, will hi mailed to tny al*
* v  w w s~f. v..»i/u outside of Vancouver city.)    Order ten to*
  day.    Remit when .old.
Electric Coffee
The Best Coffee
The Electric Percolator is ready for
service day and night.
Operates on connection
with any ordinary household socket and makes
coffee at the table for
meals in the scientific way.
Starts to percolate from
cold water within 30 seconds.
Makes five cups of coffee at one time in 10 to 15
minutes at a cost of only One Cent for current.
1138 Granville St Near Davie
Carrall and Hastings Streets
Phone SeVmour
FBIDAY MABCH 31, 1918,
a MEN —
for $1.00 pair
One you can depend on—its well cut, made of good
material, strongly sewn and with bib and pockets.
You can pay $1.25 for overalls that are not as good
as these. All sizes, per pair $1.00
m___m_ru urn    ma*«_T2__________^__*____________
Granville and Georgia Streets
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for sny Boyal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
/ Vancouver, B.C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
macdonald-Marpole Co.
LUMP, PER TON, $7.50   PEA, PER TON, $515
NUT, PER TON, $6.50   SLACK, PER TON, 4.50
0. H. Humm & Oo., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whiiky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte a Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whiiky
White Rook, Lithia Water
Dog'i Head, Bass and Guinness
Oarnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Preller & Co.'s Clarets, Sautemes and Burgan-
dies, etc, etc.
Outline of Schedule Which
Kootenay Convention
Endorsed .
Increase in Price of Metals
Will Automatically Advance Wages
THE RECENT CONVENTION of District 6, W. F. of Miners, at Trail,
adopted a wage scale which will be the
basis of negotiations with the operators
of the district in connection with a new
ngreement. This scale was considered
at a conference of delegates from each
local, held at Nelson last Sunday. It
is now in shape for submission to the
operators, the negotiations being in
charge of a subcommittee, whieh will
act in conjunction with representatives
of the district and international executives.
The convention decided on a sliding
scale, based on the priee of metals. In
the case of copper, the minimum is
baaed on a market price of 16 cents per
pound. When tho price exceeds this
figure, an increase of 25 cents per day
shall automatically come into effect on
the wages of all men working in this
field and there shall be a further advance of 25 centB per day for every,
further advance of 2 cents per pound
for copper. In the case of lead and
silver, the minimum scale shall be the
rule when quotations on the Montreal!
market stand at $5.22 per cwt. for lead
and 50 cents per oz. for silver. With
the price of lead between (5.22 and $6
an advance of 25 cents per day shall
cover all workers with a further advance of 25 cents when lead goes over
$6. For every advance of one cent in
the price of silver, a reduction of 2
cents shall be made for lead in order to
determine the effective wago.
Detail of Proposed Scale.
The scale as adopted is based on the
minimum wage per day of hours as
specified, as follows:
Blisters, 94; hammer men, $8.60; timber-
men (head), |4; pipe men (head), $4; skip
tenders, $3.50; hoist men (one-drum underground), 99.G0;1 hoist men (surface), 94;
motor men, 93.50; mucking machine operator, $3.50; ore sorters, $3; machine men,
$3.50; timber men, 93.60; pipe men, 93.50;
pump men, 94; cage tenders, 93.75; hoist
men (underground two drums), 94; hoist
men (surface, lut motion), 94.50; muckers,
$3; chute men, $3.25; trackmen, 93-50.
Men working in shafts, upraises, wet
places or bad air to receive 50 cents extra
per shift.
Surface Work, Nine Hoars.
Blacksmiths, 94; Carpenters, 94; machinists, 94; crusher men, 93.50; ore shipper,
93.60; teamsters (two horse), 93.50; compressor men, 94; laborers, 93; blacksmiths'
helpers, 93.50; carpenters' helpers, 93*60;
machinists' helpers, 93.50; crusher men's
helpers, 93; tram men, 98,75; teamster*
(four horse), 94; firemen, 93.50.
Men Working in and Around Concentrators—Sight Hours.
Crusher men, 93,50; jig men, 94; ore sorters, 93; tram men, 93-75; oiler, $3; table
men, 93.75; ore sorters, 93.50; repair men,
94.50; terminal tram, 93.50; laborera, 93.
Stamp Mill Men, night Hours.
Amalgamators, 94;  cyanide operator, 94;
amalgamators' helpers, 98.50; cyanide operators' helper, 93.50.
Diamond Drill, Eight Hours.
Copper Smelter Men.
Furnace  men,  94;   loader,   98.60;   slag
spout, 98; laborers, 93; feeder, 94; pot poller, 93-50; clay men, 93.
Lead Furnace Men.
Furnace men,  94; aecond feeder, 98.50;
slag tapper, 98.50; feeder, 94; loader, 98.50;
slag spout, 98.25,
Converter Scale,
Skimmer, 94; tuyer punchers, 93,80; head
liner, 98.25; furnace men  (roadsters), 94;
skimmers (helpers), 93,50; srane men, 93.65;
tampers, 93; furnace men'a helper, 93.50.
Sample Mill Scale.
Crusher men, 93.50; head mill men, 93.50;
foremen (night scale), 94; sample cotter,
98.50; laborers, 93 El feeder (matte plant,
Power House Men.
Head liners, 98.25; Hlag motor men, 98.50;
crane men, 13.85; charge motor men, 93*50,
Electrical Department, Nine Hours.
Electricians, 94; laborera, 98.25; electricians' helpers (8 hours), 93-25; motor men
(traction), 93.25.
Mechanical Department.
Machinists, 94; boilermakers, 94; pipe fitters, 94; chain gang boss, $4; laborers, 93;
machinists' helpers, 93.25; boiler shop blacksmith, 94; oilers, 93.25; machinists' helpers,
93.25; boilermakers' helpers, 93.25; pipe fitters' helpers, 98.26; chain gang (straw
boss), 93-60; blacksmith (head), 94.50;
boiler shop blacksmith's helpers, 93.25; laborers, 98.
Carpenters (Smelter.)
Carpenters, 94; flume foreman, 93.50; laborers, 98; carpenter's helpers, 93.50; head
track layer, 94; flume laborers, 93.
Masons, 95; laborers, 93; mason's helpers,
Lead Refinery, Tank Boom.
Short circuit man (head), 94; anode caster (head), 93; sheet hanger (head), 93,
Slime Building Scale.
Shifter operator, 94; laborera, 93; furnace
men, 93.25.
Refinery Power House Plant.
Engineer,  94; engineer's helper, 93.60.
Wage Scale for Men Working in and
Around Silver-Lead Mines.
Machine mon, 93.50; timber men, 93.60;
*iipe men, 99-50; pump men, $4; cage tenders, 93.75; hoist men (surface), 94; motor
mon, 93.50; mucking machine operator,
99.50; track men, 93,50; hammer men,
98.50; timber mon (head), 94; pipe man
(head), 94; skip tendors, 98.50; hoist men
(underground (one drum), 93.60; blasters,
94; muckers. 93; ore sorters, 98,
Men working In shafts, upraises, wot
places or bad air to receive 60 conts por
shift extra.
Nine-hour Shifts.
Blacksmiths, 94; carpenters, 94; machln
lsts, 94; crusher men, 93.50; ore shipper,
93.50; toamsters (two horse), 93.50; compressor mon, 94; laborers, 98; blacksmith's
helpers, 93.50; carpenter's helpers, 93.50;
machinists'   helpers,   98.60;   crusher   men's
Bricklayers' and Masons' Union Say
Goodbye to Enlisted Men.
Over fifty members of the Bricklayers' and Masons' union gave a hearty
sendoff to a number of their members,
who have enliBted for overseas service,
ut a smoker in the Labor Temple laBt
Friday night. President Wand occupied
the chair, and addressed tbe men who
are leaving. He said that their fellow
members would miss them from their
accustomed places, but would have the
recollection that they were combatting
the country's enemy at the front. While
they were gone, their fellow workmen
would do all in their power to care for
those whom they left behind. They
would leave with Godspeed and hopes
for safe return from their fellow workmen.
A very enjoyable concert programme
was then1 given, in which MesBrs. T.
Weedon, W. Nesbitt, H. Smith, C. Smith
and a quartette from the 72nd Highlanders took part. Short addresses
were also delivered by President McVety of the Trades ond Labor council,
and members of tho union. At the conclusion of the concert, light refreshments were served by tho wives and
daughters of the members, under the
direction of Mrs. Wand and Mrs. Dagnall.
The arrangements for the smoker
were made by a committee consisting
of Messrs. Dagnall, Towers, J. Brown
and F. Brown, the latter of whom has
since joined the overseas contingent of
the Engineers.
Seven Million Woman Voters.
In England there are over seven millions of women workers—and they are
gradually becoming organized not with
the help of, but in spite of the men.
The war has forced women into employments never dreamt of before. She has
fought her way into every sphere of
human activity, and the exploiting
class, knowing her ability to live more
cheaply than man, has eagerly seized
the opportunity of securing cheaper
A municipal, a provlnolal and a federal
election will take place during the next few
months. Unless TOU are classified with the
Indians, lunatics and propertyleis women,, register at once. Do It now or bold your peaee
on election dayi
Some people don't believe in signs.
They carelessly pass them and meet destruction.
Ogilvie's Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
Printers and
Libor Temple
Phon. Sty. 4410
printer, of The Fan.
Unequalled Vaudeville Maans
S: 46, 7:20, 9; IB    fission's Prlcea:
Matlnit,   lBc;   Evenings,   16c,   88c.
helpers,  $8;   tram   men,   $3.75;  teamsters
(four horse), U; firemen, $3.(0.
The scale of wages proposed for men working in and around lead and sine concentrating
mills Is the same as that for workers in copper mills,
Employees on Contract for
Piers Have Applied for
a Charter
Trades and Labor Council
Receives Encouragement
from Up-country
VIOTOBIA, March 28.—At the Inst
meeting of thc Trades and Labor council, a report was.presented from the executive committeo concerning tho strike
on the work of Orant, Smith and McDonnell, This stated that the workers
had beon organised, twenty-eight having already enrolled. Application had
been made for a charter and, pending
its receipt, organization work would bo
A resolution proposed by Delegate
Watchman was adopted which requested
the B, G. Federation of Labor to ask
tho provincial authorities to ennct such
legislation its will compel employers of
labor to pay their employees nt least
twice a month.
On motion of Delegate Nunn, the
council endorsed, and asked tho B. 0.
Federation of Labor to approve, the
action of the street railwaymen in connection with their movement to secure
a six-day week.
Communications were received with
reference to the complaint of the steam
engineers, presented nt a previous meeting. The letter from the Structural
Iron Workers' union of Vancouver
stated that as far ns their local was
concerned, the report that tbeir men
wero working with the new local of
steam engineers, was a pure fabrication.
TheBe letters were referred to the executive.
A special committee, consisting of
Delegutes Caldwell, Pecle and Nunn was
uppointed to visit locals which were not
being represented at thc council meet'
The local of the Steam Engineers' re
fiorted that a non-union mnn was work
ng at Pontages theatre, and the iub-
jt'rt wus referred to tbe executive.
The executive was also instructed to
enquire inin the enso of the Tailors
union in connection with the making of
uniforms for thc street railwaymen.
Message from Up Country Mlnen,
Bro. A, J. Carter, vice-president of
District 18, IT. M. W. of A., was present
and addressed the meeting. He spoke
chiefly of the miners in his district,
saying they wore in very good condition nnd he believed that in the near
future thev would be organized into
practically an nil-union shop. They had
lately been granted a raise of 10 per
cent. He also spoke in high terms of
the now proposed compensation act
which, in his opinion, if onacted ns
proposed, would be tho finest of its kind
ever placed on any statute books. Tho
preaident thanked Mr, Carter for his
presence, nnd said It wns gratifying
that the miners were, instead of falling
bnck, going ahead in spite of tho
depressing times,
Tho attendance nt the meeting wns
excellent, and the discussions were
handled in n manner which showed tho
interest of tho delegates in the work,
Tho council adjourned to meat on
April 5, when thc chief business to
come tip will bo thc consideration of
tho proposed new constitution and bylaws. This subject has boon under discussion for some time ond evory delegate should bo presont nt the next mooting to express views on somo rather
drnstic changes which it is now planned
to mnko in the polloy of the council as
expressed by its constitution and by'
Australian Writer Says Labor Is Surely Dying of
Dry Rot
Militants Must Take Control
to Save Work of Quarter of a Century
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. 8. W., March 29.—
(Special to The Federationist.)—A decade ago, we honestly thought in Australia that our road to emancipation
was through political action. I mako
bold to say at the outset, that we have
taken the wrong road. The dreams of
the olden days, wherein we tried to
combine political representation with
socialist principles, are not realized
by time. Indeed, it would seem that
in the intervening years we have forgotten the original objective of our
With other countries, our objective,
was the destruction of the wage-system. Instead, wo have been fooling
with wages boards, arbitration courts
and so on until we see today these
palliatives are useful only bo long as
we are iu sufficient strength to enforce
them. These partial reforms have really left ns no better off, since we have
been dealing with but one end of the
proposition all the time, and, meanwhile, the employer has beon allowed
to go along on his own road.
We Bee today, and it has taken the
great war to waken us up to the fact,
that political power is useful only after
we have secured economic power. What
struggle we have, must and will yet
have to be fought on the industrial
field. Nationalizations, which have
boon good in their way, have but led
us into a sorry system of state capitalism, nnd evon today we see the sorry
spectacle of labor beating its own joss
with a big stick when a striko takes
place among the state industries.
Reaction Setting Ita.
Today we are faced with an alarming
reactionary drift and decline within thc
political machine. Many of our union
officials are prone to stand by*and wring
thoir hands and indulge in frothy denunciations instoad of making swiff
und sure retaliation upon the mischievous leadership wo have followed.
It is everywhere admitted in Australia today that tho labor movement
is npproaching demoralization nnd degeneration. The discontent extends
from one end of thc continent to the
other. Those of us among the militant
section can count numerous instances
of tho false promises and pledges of
Labor. Thorn waa a time when to proclaim a defection on the part of Lnbor
was to face a bunch of officials ready
to prove thc assertion a lie. Today,
there is not a single critic who can honestly say that Labor has not deserted
its original principles.
The brenk seems to have como with
tho war. Tbe very attitude tnken by
the Austrullnn Labor party was in itself a startling revelation. What has
followed since is but n repetition of tho
party's lack of honesty nnd backbone,
A great chnnce has boen lost. There
was the chanco offered to Australian
Labor, now gone, to make history which
would have brought pride to future
generations. But tho opportunity has
gone, and our Lnbor party has chosen
the easy way, and become us imperialistic ns ony Conservative party of old
England. No Conservative party could
hove done more for capitalism in the
war than we have done; no party could
havo spurned its own supporters in such
a way es we have done.
What Haa Labor Party Done?
That as regards the war.   Industrially, it cannot bo shown that the Australian Labor party has shown much
sympathy   for   the   organized   worker
Increase Your Husband's
Kv.ry woman en Inore.*. her hue-
band'a HRlavy; .11 .he h.H to do in to
UNO itnod juditm.nt whon purchstiin-t
anything for tho home. Every time you
nave money on a piece of furniture
you are that much better off. We
gladly Invito you to come In and Inspect name.   Oaah or .uy payments.
Men'a Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Labor Unions, Attention!
fl Let us print your
next Bylaws and Constitutions. We know how
and our prices are
right, ft We can give
you prompt service on
all your printing. Giv:
us a trial.
The B.C. Federationist
ROOM 217
SEY. 7493        LABOR TEMPLE
Note These Points
which Stand Out Pre-eminent in Spencer's
P»   • For a watch at this price there is none better in
TCClSlOn    Vancouver.   For whatever purpose needed you can
11   * reply on its precise timekeeping qualities.   It is
quickly adjusted to your particular wear. Week in week out it is on
Bteady time.    It is non-magnetic and not affected by the strongest
5     1 a   |.,        Every wheel, pinion and jewel hole is soundly and
0 It U Ity    solidly finished and the general principles on whieh
■ "■    ■■■ ■    '      the movement is constructed bear evidence that it
is a thoroughly dependable watch suited for the man or boy who leads
an active out of door life.
r\ I •!•■        The guarantee is for a year, but with anything Uke
MmJUTQDulty fair treatment you can keep on using it year after
—————    year and it will continue to serve you faithfully and
well.   The case is of nickel silver and wears white throughout.
Seven jewel 13.50      Fifteen jewel 15.00
—Jewelry Section Main Floor
David Spencer Limited
since it got to power. Before the elections it manifested a great deal of concern for the workers, but, once clothed
with brief authority, the matter of concern for the workers seems to have vanished. Today, Labor representation, as
we have it in war time in Australia, is
but a mockery. We see the workers
beaten down, we see our Labor politicians visibly annoyed because the workers dare engage in union activity
uguinst tho employer class, we are
dubhed as unpatriotic to our country.
How can a man be unpatriotic when he
is fighting for dear life for his wife and
children against the rapacious vampires of capitalism, and against the ever
rising tide of increased cost of living.
Where is the relief coming from to protect us against those prices rising and
still rising.
I don't wish it to be understood that
I am condemning the smaller state actions in combatting the evils; they are
good in their way. What I am now
talking of is the general and big question of labor and its future as it affects
Australia as a nation. The good work
done by the various states will always
stand as an attempt to honestly deal
with the matter. But what is the use
of state reform when we have a federal
parliament, military-ridden, whieh can
override the work of the various states?
We may claim advance in tho movement from tho states, but not so from
the federal parliament.
No Conscription of Capital.
Today, conscription is virtually the
law of tho land, yet for years past Labor strenuously vowed that it would
never consent to pestering and picayune
methods on the part of any military
system. Today thero iB no recollection
on the part of our officers of ever taking this stand in the past days. Good
reason, forsooth. For years we were
led to believe by our officers that should
a war como our way, tho nationalization
of capital would and must precede the
nationalization of human flesh and
blood. But to date, no card has been
sent to the capitalist asking him to givo
his wealth and be prepared to hand it
over within 14 days. But Labor is undergoing the sad 'spectacle of being
dragged through the mud,
And now we have reached an impasse. How is the politician to face
those women who for years underwent
capitalist domination and who bravely
took courage and said, "wait till Labor wins—things will be different."
What will the politician havo to say to
the patient burden-bearers when he
next faces themf
But the position must be faced, and
faced now. We have to decide at once
what we will do, for today is the most
momentous period in the whole history
of the    Australian    Labor movement.
Our politicians must be made to understand that they owe their place, nay
and power to the hard yet thankless
work done by the workers. The politician must be made to realise that if
that support is withdrawn their future
is oblivion. That is the pressure that
must be exercised on politicians immediately. For when we see our Labor
party receiving the official thanks of
capitalism, conservative newspapers,
'and stock exchanges, then wo must
wake up to tho fact that all is not well
with the party. The time is ripe for action on the part of the workers now,
and, if the chance is lost, then there
vanishes once and for all the fruits of
25 years' work.
MiUtant Workers Umt Act.
There is no use waiting for the conservative element within our organization to act. The militant members of
the Labor movement in Australia must
wake up, and make thebselveB felt. Today is not the time for frothy sentiment, or watery spines. If we refuse
to act, worse will surely come upon us.
There is a chance to do deathless deeds
right now, deeds that will live in the
future of our movement. The present
may be ever so dark, but that is no argument that the dazzling light of the
new thought does not exist. The militants within the movement could make
their presence felt and to them must bo
given tho honor of redeeeming the rot
that has set in.
But -if we refuse to move—if we sit
wailing and weeping—then the days of
dirt-eating are surely coming. For today our democracy is paralyzed by a
servile subserviency to the whim of
politicians anxious to make capital out
of the misfortunes of war. Our most
precious heritage, that of freedom, haa
been sacrificed to thiB war and, whether
rightly or wrongly, we aB Australians
are opposed to compulsion as regards
military service. The fact remains that
our "peace" leaders have vied with
each other in whooping for war and
conscription. Today we see our hitherto
trusted officials of the workers willingly lending themselves to a campaign to
morally and politically stampede the
Is it any wonder that there are rumblings of revolt against such leadership.
The time is surely coming when the
peoplo, militant or otherwise, will want
to know why they have been used in
the interests of capitalism. When that
day comes, it will be the end of a 25-
year dream in Australia.
That is why the militant's in Australia should seize the opportunity of saving the Labor party from rushing to
the rot-pit. This is a golden opportunity to get back to the right road, But
if the chance is thrown away, then we
have lost indeed, a pearl.
"Spring Has Come"
and thus provide yourself with the means for healthy and pleaaurablo
enjoyment throughout the long outdoor season before us.
1    MASBEY HARRIS (Silver Ribbon)  US
108 Hastings St. East, Vancouver Phone Seymour 2794
When you recognise this as a
fact you will boost for the products of homo industries by out*
ting out the Imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only government-inspected
plant in B. C.
New — Modern — Fireproof
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under the management of W. V. MORAN
Room with detached bath 11.00 par tty ap
Room with privet, bath |1.10 por it, ap
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Onr electric motor boa meet, all boata aaO tralna fre.
LOTUS GRILL—Open Continuously
Mualo from 8.30 to 8.80 and 10 to midnight


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