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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 14, 1916

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 i.   <f.
h:'X   EIGHTH YEAF %. 2.
(la Tiimw
Ottr W.
a?)    $1.50 PER YEAR
Company Rules-Prevent the
Minimum Legal Wage
Being Made '
Many Old-time Miners of
PaSs Are Leaving
The District
MICHEL, B. C., Jan. 10.—Throughout the Crows Neat valley industrial
conditions are very much in keeping
with what seems to be the general state
of affairs.' Especially is this true here,
The members' of Michel local, U. M. W.
of A., have more than their share of
grievances. Foremost among these is
the dispute between the coal eompany
and the pillar-men in No. 8 North mine.
The company forbids the use of powder
in pillars, with the result that the employees are unable to make the minimum
wage of $3 aet forth in the agreement.
The company refuses to pay the $3 on
the grounds that' the men are not try*
ing to make good. Having been deprived of the. mechanical power hitherto
used, it is difficult for the men to do
anything like the same proportion of
work. These men are now idle, but expect to be taken on in preference to
outsiders. If this happens not to be
the case, there is trouble brewing.
The district officers have notified
Commissioner McNeil, of the Western
Coal Operators' association, that they
will no longer submit any grievances
to an "independent" chairman to decide for them, an attitude which very
much pleases the members of this local.
If Belf-interest be the propelling motive of human activities, then it followa that if the men want a thing
done right, they must do the job themselves,   f
The coal company haa completed ita
labors covering rock tare, wj*th approximately a gain'of one-half pound per
ear. Th'ey now contemplate taking a
tare of empty cars, but this may be
postponed till the summer months, when
the cars' are dry and clean.
A few more of the old-time minera
are being compelled to aeek employ*
ment elsewhere, and while the pit bosses
admit the superiority of their workmanship, new comers seem to be getting
the preference.--        —    ..
It is difficult to make ondB meet on
$3 a day, and uncertain employment,
where the cost of living ir as high as
in this camp.
v Some of tho Cumber-land boys havo
returned to Vancouver'island, where it
is thought conditions are improving
Employers' Conception of Beclproca-
tion for Services Rendered.
The British government, in the interests of national economy, has notified
• all trade unions in the country that in
-view of the pressing emergency no further advances in wages should be considered, except those arising automatically from existing agreements and
necessary adjustments of local conditions.. In accordance with tho foregoing notice, tho board of trade arbitrators and the government committeo on
production have refused several demanded increases.—Daily press despatches. ^
And.this in spite of the fact that the
unions of Great Britain have shot all
the traditions of their organization into
the air in an effort to meet the needs
and requirements of those interested in
* Hrade.'' All the workers are expected
to do ia.to dig tho coal, keep the wheels
turning, supply the cannon-fodder and
assist in building up the same sort of
"freedom", sought to be overthrown.
All this and hold their peace! Long
live the spirit of the Welsh miners.
Tradu Council Bfections Thursday.
Vnncouver TradeB and Labor council
meeting next Thuraday, in the Labor
Temple,, will elect officera for the, coming six months. All accredited delegates, should be in their,.places to see
that the most suitable are chosen for
the various executive duties of the
Candidates at People's Forum.
The platform at last Sunday night's
meeting of the People 'b Forum in Labor
Temple, waB occupied by a number of
the candidates for civic office, who addressed the meeting on the subject of
the city riectionB which took place yesterday*1 ,
Visitors Welcome at Convention.
At the seaalons of the B. 0. Federation of Labor, commencing Monday
next, visitors will be welcomed who dealre to listen to the proceedings. They
will flnd ample and comfortable apace
.  reserved for their convenience.^
Parliamentary Committee Wednesday.
The parliamentary committee* of
Vancouver Tradea and Labor council
will meet in 210, Labor Temple, next
Wedneaday evening, at 7:30.
The provincial legislature is said to
be scheduled to meet at Victoria on
March 1st.
BOJSLAND, B. 0., Jan. 10.—
Tour correspondent haa been advised by the aeeretary of Boss-
land Miners' Union, No. 38, to
warn job-seekers that there are
already nearly a hundred idle
men in thia camp, an'd that there
ia little use of coming here expecting work.
CONSCRIPTION IN GREAT BRITAIN of all single men, and
widowers without dependents, and who are between the ages
of 18 and 41, is the most important issue from a democratic
standpoint, which the war has yet raised in that country. It involves the abandonment of the principle of voluntary enlistment in
the army, and brings all European nations on to dne footing, insofar
as compulsory military service is concerned. Prom the standpoint
vof the present, and with regard to the future of the common people,
it is a matter fraught with possibilities calculated to cause the gravest concern.
Labor Men Like Sheep.
The men Ao in the British parliament were supposed to specifically understand thc position of the working class, and to voice its
political aspirations as a body, are divided on the question. The
majority, including many of the more eloquent and influential ones,
have been content to follow Premier Asquith, like so many sheep,
into the conscription camp. '*
A Liberal—of AU People.
It required a Liberal—of all others—at'this historical crisis to
champion the voluntary principle. Sir John Simon, the home secretary, could not be led by thc baubles and bawbees of offlce, nor yet
stampeded by yellow press influence. He said the proposal should
be resisted. It meant the abandonment of British freedom of choice
as to joining the army, and substituting in its place the Prussian
system of militarism.  He said further:
Don't condemn your young men.   Don't pay this compliment to Prussian militarism of imitating the worst of its institutions.   Don't surrender one of,the real heritages of the
British people for a mess of pottage.
He also pointed out that thc results of the bill, if it became law,
would be a negligible* addition to the ranks of the army."  -
Industrial Conscription the Real Objeot.
The number of single men who did not respond to the enlistment call under the Lord Derby canvass is officially stated to be
651,160.   Allowing for the rejections which would have to be made
from that number for physical reasons, it is reasonable to assume
that not more than 500,000 of these single men are fit for military
Doubtless it was a computation of that kind which led Sir Jorn
Simon to speak of the "negligible addition." A great many thinking people do not believe that the conscription party is so much
concerned about that'500,000, ns they are about securing the adoption of the principle of conscription.
This Feeling Is Growing.
The feeling is growing that conscription is desired by the eom-
pulsionists for industrial purposes, in order that the working class
may, be subjected to it both while the war lasts and after it is over.
This belief is partly founded on the utterances of public men and
newspapers in Britain.
Here are a few of them. Colonel Sir Augustus Fitzgeorge, a son
of the late Duke of Cambridge, speaking at the Service Club August
26,1915, said among other things:
Compulsory service is necessary at this time when the people are getting out of hand.
Lieutenant-Colonel V. H. Maxwell has pretty definite views as
to how he would deal with trade unionists.  He says:
The abuse of personal freedom has reached its climax in
Secretary-treasurer of the British Columbia Federation of Labor, which will
meet in convention for the seventh time at Labor Temple, Vancouver,
next Monday morning. *
this country.   Trade unionism—that shelter for slinking shirkers—is imperilling our existence, and by its aetion a rot of our
national soul has set in.  Ono remedy and onc alone can eradicate this state of rot—martial law will cure it.
Colonel Arthur Lee, M. P., would like conscription in order to
get soldiers to work for low wages.' He made a speech at Fareham,
August 17,1915. The Times spoke of it as "well and clearly stating
the facts of the matter" when he said:  .
We have the spectacle at the front of motor and lorry
'drivers drawing 6 shillings a day, and living in ease and safety,
'   while their comrades who work the machine guns and heavy
artillery, and who must also be machanics, are only paid 1 shilling and sixpence and are risking their lives every moment.
People who think an ordinary man's life is of any account
would logically suggest raising the wages of the low-paid men to at
least as much as the others. '
Another military man, Major-General Sir A. E. Turner, writing
in the Saturday Review, August 7,1915, tells what he would do witll
eoal miners who strike, although he does not say anything aoout
mine owners who double or treble the price of coal. Referring to
the South Wiles dispute he said:
The, strikes gained their ends, and with them an everlasting
stain on their reputation, which not all the rain of heaven can
wash out; the stain of showing themselves ready to betray
' their country for filthy lucre.   Compulsory service might not
produce loyalty, but it would produce a sense of duty and discipline which would prevent such disgraceful and damaging incidents.     v
A writer in thc Spectator of September 14, 1915, says that:
As a supporter of the National Service League I regret that
compulsion is not to be applied to the shops.  It is moro necessary there than in the army. '
John Bull, the screaming screed of Horatio Bottomley, observes:
The miners who refuse to work must be conscripted—put
under military control and made to work at soldiers' pay.   That
is the way they do things in Germany, and that is the way we
must do with them here. I
Mr. Asquith, in introducing the conscription bill, said it was
"only temporary, and for the duration of the war.
Mr. Benjamin Kidd, author of "Social Evolution," and "Western Civilization," in giving an interview to the Daily News of Sep-
(Continued oa page 8)
At tbe People'• Forum Sunday
Ur.' 3. W. DeB. Farris will bo
the speaker at next Sunday
night's mooting of the People's
Forum in the Labor Templo, at
7:30. The subject of his address
will be "The Policy of the Provincial Department of Mines in
Belation to the Mining Industry
on Vancouver Island."
Mr. Farris is well-known in labor circles as the counsel of Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
and the Labor Tomple company.
He will also be remembered as
leading counsel in the defence of
the coal miners of Vancouver Is-
land, who wore thrown into jail
at the time of the miners' strike
over there, when Premier Bowser—who was then attornoy-general—sent several hundred local
militia men with ball cartridge
and cannon to preserve order for
the mining companies by intimidating the strikers.
His experience in connection
with that case, should make hia
address on this particular subject
of-exceptional interest. .
I 111
Will Not Enforce the Fair
Wage Clauses in the
War Contracts
And Soldiers' Clothes Will
Still Be Made in
, Sweatshops
According ! to the Ottawa Evoning
Freo Press of last Tuesday:
"There will bo no fair wngo committeo on munitions. Tho executive of
the Tradea nnd Labor Congress Inst
week represented" to tho governmont
that in many munition fnctories wnges
woro so low that workmen found it difficult, to get along.
"They asked thnt nil factories engaged in the production of munitions
shculdbe plnced in the sumo position
regarding wnges as othor firms engnged
upon Canadian governmont contracts.
These nre<fcubjact to the reports of fair
wago officers. Tho executivo asked that
Cunadian factories engnged upon Ciitin-
dinn uniforms and similar contracts
should be dealt with by tho proposed
wnge committeo as well as tho fnctories
engaged upon sholl orders for tho Brit*
ish war office.
"Tho government holds tbat it has
no right to interfere in tho enso of. institutions filling said orders, mid -questions tho wisdom of appointing a committee to look after tho wages in Canadian munition factories."
Government Suppressed Forward.
"Forward," the organ of tho Scotch
socialists, in defiance of the British censor, printed fin account of the meeting
of Glasgow trades unionists Christmas
day, which was addressed by minister
of munitions Lloyd George. Tbo newspaper said Lloyd George's roception
was hostile. The police seized tho current issue of the paper,
The fifth annual general
meeting of tho Vancouver
Labor Temple Company, limited, will be held on Tuesday
evening next, January 18,
1916, at 8 p.m., in the Labor
Temple, corner Homer and
Dunsmuir streets,
Tho statutory notices, together with the financial
statements, have been mailed
to all shareholders, but
changes of address, of which
the company'has not been
advised, will probably prevent proper delivery. Shareholders are therefore invited
to accept this notice if the
letter sent through the mail
has not been received.
1 (By Helena Gutteridge)
force in Britain, and the replacement of men so recruited
from industries by women, it will be a very simple matter
for Canada to follow the precedent established and do likewise.
Thin Edge of the Wedge.
Indeed thc thin end of the wadge has already been inserted. An
eloquent appeal has gone put from the military authorities responsible for recruiting in British Columbia, urging employers of labor to
use their influence on the men in their employment, so that they will
speedily enlist, the suggestion being made'that "suoh men be replaced by capable young women."
Crystallizes Women's Problem.
This action of the military authorities, which has received the
hearty endorsation of several employers already, now makes imperative the immediate enfranchisement of women, an'd more important still, their industrial organization, both in their own interests for their own protection, and in the interests of labor as a whole,
both organized and unorganized.
Equal pay for equal work is an absolute necessity for the protection of both men and women workers, but while this has been recognized for a long time by thinking people, who have observed the
steady influx of women intp industry, and, recognizing the inevitable have, advocated the opening of every trade or profession to men
and women, with organization of .both sexes, there are many hundreds of men and women who do not realize, the grave danger of
unequal standards of pay for men and women.
The New Order of Thingi.
The war has had a great effect on the minds of many, especially
those in authority, with regard to what is women's work and what
is man's, and the cry is going out for women to do their share in the
saving of the Empire.
The women as usual are responding, but beeause of their lack of
knowledge of economics, and a desire called patriotism, to serve
their country, there is great danger that they will accept the honor
and glory of bo doing in part payment for services rendered, instead
of hard cash to the same amount as that paid to the men, whom they
have replaced.
Employers Want Oheap Labor.
' Another factor that should be taken into serious consideration
by both' men and women,.particularly by organized labor, is thc
temptation for, and the willingness of employers to make profit by
thc exploitation of women as cheap labor, under the guise of patriotism.
An example of patriotism wag recently displayed by a local employer of labor, who very kindly discharged from his employment
a man'who was receiving $75 a month, taking on in his place a returned soldier at $40 a month.  All in the name of patriotism.
AU employers of labor are not quite so mean, but it will be as
well if the temptation is removed from their way as speedily as possible. A very determined stand must be made by those who soe further ahead than thc end of thc week.  In fact it is necessary to look
President of tho British Columbia Federation of Labor, and vice-president of
the Tradea and Labor Congress of Canada, who will preside at the convention which meets here on Monday morning.
ahead to thc time when the war is over, and see what will be the
consequences of thc replacement of men in industry by women.
After the War, What Then?
When thousands of men return from active service to find their
places filled with women, who arc doing their work, sometimes better than they did themselves, sometimes worse, but on the whole to
much thc same effect, but at a lower rate, what will happen ? •
Will thc women be ejected to make room for the men, and tho
women be put out of employment! Will the employer be willing to
pay men at thc old rate, or will they be expected to work for the
standard established by thc women in their absence? Or will there
be industrial and sex war?
. Just what will happen when thc war is over will depend entirely on what is done now. If thc standard of wages established
by men, is lowered by women accepting loss at thc time of change,
then the lowered standard will prevail after the war, and tho men
seeking their work again will have to enter into competition with
women for their jolis at a wage whioh will mean semi-starvation for
those with families to support.
Equal Pay the Solution.
It will be no use groaning and cursing and calling women
blacklcgs'aftor thc war, the time is now, for both men and womon
to demand insistently that thc work shall be paid for at,the standard
wage already established, and the sex of the worker ignored.
Which is it to be, industrial organization, protecting all concerned, or industrial chaos, sex war and labor organizations shot to
pieces, and a wage standard so lowered that for a family to live, all
tho members of tho family, men, women and children will have to
turn out into an overcrowded, underpaid labor market f
A number of women havo already offered their services to a
local engineering firm as munition workers, while the possibilities of
women as tram conductors and elevator attendants are being seriously discussed. Now is the time for organize^ labor to get buiy.
Ten Per Cent Given to Meet
the Double Increased
Living Price „ '
W#r Has Brought Fabulous
Profit increases to the
The United Statea Steal' company kks
raised the wagea of ita employeea 10 par
cent. TMa la the flrat general raise ia
the wagea of the ateel treat workera ta
20 years. During moat of tbat tUa
wages, says the Milwaukee Leader, hart
been forced steadily down. Tha oartk
haa been searched to flnd cheap labor
power that could be used to grind atiU
lower tha wagea paid in ateel mills.
Living Price Has Dnbtod.
In thia 20 yean the coit of living has
more than doubled. For organised
workers the standard of living haa been .
raised. The productivity of the steal
workers haa gone up aa ateadily aa their
wages have gflne down. New proteases
have revolutionized the production of
articles of iron and steel. Mills have
been reorganised,, consolidated aad
built into more economical instruments
of production.
Speeding Up Ia OanaraL
The Taylor syatenl with lta merciless
driving has been introduced more widely in the steel mills than in any other
industry and ita advocates boast that it
bas more than doubled the production
of the workera in many departments.
The power of monopoly has enabled the
owners to double the price of much of.
their output.
Stockholders Doing Nicely.
A glance at the returna reaped by
thc owners of ateel atock shows how
profitable this increased power, of prov
Suction has been./ When tba United
States Steel company waa organlted it
was agreed even by those who crested
it that the (800,000,000 worth of common stock represented nothing but ths
expected power of the monopoly to extort surplus value from ita workers.
This estimate of power was correct. This
stock which waa once worth bnt 8 cents
on the dollar, had risen to 60 by tha
outbreak of the war, and is now quoted
at 88.
The Oreat Sacrifice.
The managers of the United States
Steel company announce that the 10 per
cent increase in wages will add (10,-
000,tdO to their annual payroll. The
raise in common stock alone has added
1100,000,000 to the wealth of its owners
sinco the outbreak of the European war.
There was a timo when the steel
workors wero among tho best organized
laborers in America. Tho first step in
consolidating was to smash this union. -
When the United States Steel company
was formed it refused to admit any
union man to its shops, but it adopted a
method of cheap benevolent bribery instead.
Ita offlce employees were encouraged
to buy common stock, thus dividing the
rnnks of its employees. Vow when the
war bas cut off the supply of cheap imported labor and feverish production
has raised wages in other industries, a
crumb is thrown to tho employees.
Appeal for Danbnry Hatters Comes Before tha Next Meeting.
zTwo more of our membera have applied for leave of absence for'military
service. Mnny moro express their intention of joining tho colors at an early
date. This makes an honor roll of 72
men from* Division 101.
Aftor many yoars seeing visions of
wealth, our heavyweight ddlogate to
tho Trades and Labor council at laat
struck oil.
Wo have mado a splendid start for
the now year by not having a quorum to
make a meeting in tho afternoon.
Wo have an eloquent appeal from our
international president on behalf of the
famous Danbury hatters. As every
union mon is awaro this case hns been
drugging through tho United Statea
courts for about olovon years, nnd aa
was cipected, organized labor lost out.
Tho amount of money that the Hatters ' union is called upon to pay meana
that all the possessions of these people
many of them old and grey, will hav*
to bo sold to satisfy the claims that
have been secured against them.
Tha appeal, which cmoes from the A.
F. of L., is earnestly endorsed by oar
international. The arrangement is for
every organized man and woman in
America to donate one hour's (or more)
of thoir pay on the 27th of January.
This appeal will come before our next
regular mooting for discussion, and, if
it is decided that the appeal ia a worthy ono, thon li)t us como through with
our two bits like union men.   J. E. 0.
Want Referendum Vote.
Tho Winnipeg TradeB and Labor
council petitions tho Trades Congress of
Canada to immediately take a vote of
trnde unionists on tho question of conscription.—The Voice.
OTTAWA, Jnn. 10.—Details of
the National Begistration act recently passed by the New Zealand parliament have been received by the department of trade
and commerce here. The set is
of interest to Cnnuda aa being
along the line of possible adoption here in case the war ahould
be protracted and more drastic
action should become necessary
to secure the authorized increase
of the Canadian foreea to half a
million. PAGE TWO
06 Branches In Cauda
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Buk money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rata
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital
Total Aaaata • •
< I 11,1
. 180,000,000
Ons Dollar will, open
tha account, and your
business will bs welcome bs It large sr
Branches and correspondents
throughout tin world
Deposits .
. 161,000,000
... $45,000,000
The Safe Investment
of Small Funds
is to most men a difficult problem,
and many havo lost all their
money through unwise invest-
If your f undo ara deposited ln
Savings Department joa may bo
sure they are in the safest place
Our Urge Assets and Beaerve
Fund afford a comfortable feeling
of security to sll our euatomora.
Intereat paid on balances twice a
Psid-ap Cspltsl $6,000,000
Besamd rsnds »S,S07,Z7*
Const Bassists aad Cambie Sts.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities ll Mixed
Forming, Dairying, Stock ud
Toultry. British Colombia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 scree
to Aetual Settlers—
TERMS—Bosldenao oa tbo Und
for at least three years; Improve-
ments to tbo extent of 66 per
acre! bringing nnder snltWatlon
at leut Its acres.
For farther Information apply to
This li the the kind of weather
when tbe telephone le Invaluable. It
Is ot utmost service at all times, but
when you do not wsnt to go oat, you
eaa roach anywhere with the aid or
the Instrument on the wall.
Tour telephone can bo used to talk
to Vancouver Island, to Kootenay
towos, or down ths coast. There Is
no such a thing as distance with tho
long distance telephone.
Published eyory Friday morning by ths B. 0. Fadera-
Uonlst, malted	
B. Parm Pettlplece Manager
J. W. Wilkinson, ■■..■■.■■■■Editor
OBce: Boom SIT, Labor Tsmple.   Telephone Bxchanie
 Seymoar 7496
Subscription: 61*60 per year; In Vancouver Olty, S3;
to anions subscribing La a body, Slot. L. Frailer Advertising Manager
New Westmlnater W. B. Maiden, Boi 994
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning. Bot 681
Victoria A. 8. Wells, Boa 15SS
ABUated with the Western Lsbor Press Association
"Unity of Labor; tta Hope at tba World"
evening, was again distressed about
the attitude of this publication on
the question of prohibition.   AVc have noticed several paroxysms  of perplexity,
from the same quarter,
PROHIBITION       °An *is ?ubJeCf. h°ion'
AND THE *^S journalistic re-
WOBKINO CLASS.flexi0n ot\the sm?U b.usj-
nessman type oi mind,
the World is utterly incapable of understanding the fundamental economic aspect of the prohibition issue. It merely voices the material aspirations of one group of capitalists as opposed to another. That, at bottom, is
what the prohibition issue amounts to.
One group believes working men will be
rendered more productive—and therefore
more profitable—by being denied opportunity to consume alcoholic liquors. Tho
material interest of thc other group lies
in the profit to be derived from the sale
of alcoholic lnquor. So they oppose prohibition for precisely the same economic
reason which causes the other group to
advocate it. That reason is profit.
• •    ' •      •
We have previously made our position
on this matter quite clear enough for all
persons not animated by ulterior motives,
or minus a knowledge of the precise position of the working class in modern industry. Let us state it again. We are not
concerned as to whether or not alcoholic
liquor can be manufactured or sold—or
both—in this country. In either case, we
maintain the economic status of the working class would not be changed in one
fundamental respect. The worker—if
prohibition became law—would still be
the exploited proletarian. He would still
have nothing to sell in return for the food,
clothing and shelter necessary to keep
him in a physical and mental condition
which make him worth exploiting, except
his labor power.
c       •       •     _•
He would still be in the position where
he and his would be deprived of the necessities of life, unless he could find a master
to hire his body for the sake of the profit
to be derived from its labors; and in return for a sum of money barely sufficient
to cover the cost of subsistence. Life and
death to the working class is not a question of beer or no beer. It is first, last
and always, under present industrial conditions, a question of jobs. If prohibition
became law tomorrow in Vancouver, New
Westminster and Victoria, would that fact
increase the number of jobs available for
the unemployed who now abound in each
of those cities? We do not believe it
would, because we cannot see how it
could. Unemployment is a universal economic phenomenon. It is synonymous
with, and indispensable to, ihe capitalist
system of industry the world over. It is
the life problem of the working class, and
it cannot be eradicated by the mere passing of a law forbidding workingmen from
gaining access to alcoholic liquor.
• •      *      •
Let it be understood by the World—and
by any person who, for purposes of gathering material for specious argument on
the subject, would try to misrepresent our
contentions—that we hold no more brief
for the manufacturers and purveyors of
alcoholic liquor than we do for the prohibitionists. Nor do wu think the consumption of alcoholic liquor is necessary
to the physical or mental health of working men. But what we are certain about
is, that prohibition is a capitalist scheme
for making working men more profitable
to employers who are not financially interested in the liquor traffic, The prohibition movement, in the last analysis, and
from the viewpoint of the student of economics, is one of thc numerous phenomena
which, summed up in their totality, are
known as thc materialist conception of
history. Incidentally, the policy of the
World, regarding prohibition, is determined solely by materialistic considerations.
COLONEL JOHN WARD hss undergone considerable structural modifications since he was altered from
plain John Ward,  head  of the British
Navvies' union   Shortly after the war
broke out, the British
IS THE BBITISH       B»verament.wflnted B
regiment of men accustomed to digging
trenches. John agreed
to raise such a body,
and was made a colonel in thc army. Or
perhaps it was the other way about. At
any rate the regiment was formed and
John is its commanding officer, as well as
boing a member of parliament. So that
altogether "John is now a man of many
parts, and doubtless feels he is in a position to speak as one having authority—if
not a great deal of anything else except
physical stature, and a somewhat picturesque appearance.
Sinco John has hob-nobbed with the
officers' mess,"ho seems to have become a
little contemptuous of some of his former
connections. Last week at a special convention, the British Trades Union Congress, by an overwhelming vote, rejected
the proposal of the government to introduce conscription, Speaking about this in
parliament, John said the Congress—al
though 1000 delegates were present—need
not be taken seriously, as it did not represent the true attitude of organized labor
in Britain towards the question of conscription. How he felt able to say that—
except as a mere matter of personal opinion—we do not know. Perhaps he based
his assertion on the idea that labor conventions are usually made up of the more
active and deeper thinking members of
labor unions. And that the mass of the
membership they represent are indifferent
about the great questions which exercise
the minds of men of the calibre chosen
as delegates.
• •      •      *
If he did so, we do not think he was in
any better position to speak in the positive manner which he did. We also think
the British government would rather accept his statement as true, than try to
prove it true by reference of the question
to the members of the trade unions as individuals. But when considering this matter of representation it would not be
amiss or illogical to inquire how far the
British parliament itself is representative
on such a question. These conscription
proposals apply to single men and widowers without families. To what degree
does the British parliament represent
those men! How many of them have a
vote in the election of its members? Further than that, it might be asked what
proportion of all the inhabitants of Britain have a vote in the selection of members of parliament. Such inquiry does
not provide evidence that the mass of residents in Britain have much to say in this
matter—a revelation which makes the
British parliament anything but representative of the people of Britain.
t      *      *      •'
The war. has. taken several million men
out of civil life, but the British parliament
was elected before the war commenced.
At that time England and Wales together
had a population of approximately 37,-
000,000. Out of that number, only 6,500,-
000 had votes, and returned 495 members
to parliament. Scotland had a population
of 4,700,000. Of that number 812,400 had
votes and returned 72 members. Ireland
which is not a part of Great Britain, but
of the British Isles, had a population of
4,300,000, of whom 696,000 had votes and
returned 103 members. Roughly speaking, for every 68,000 inhabitants of the
British Isles there is one member in the
British parliament. Making allowance
for minors of both sexes,, that does not'
furnish a very democratic result.
• a. .   a   .  a
The parliamentary franchise in Britain*;
is not democratic. It is chiefly on a pro-'
perty, and partly on a rent-paying basis.
It is not on a manhood suffrage basis as
it might be, or on a manhood and womanhood suffrage basis, as it ought to be. The
consequence is, that the members elected
to parliament by such a franchise, aro not
representative of the whole of the adult'
population, but only of a minor part of it.
They may impose conscription on the nation, but not because they are representative of its toiling masses. In that respect
the Trades Union Congress-is far and
away a more reliable guide, let its shortcomings be what they may. And unless
we are much mistaken, the British government has yet to learn that fact. Things
which are closest to the eye are often the
hardest to sec—especially .with the purblind vision of the average British politician.
LAST MONDAY NIGHT a meeting of
shipping men was held in the board
of trade rooms in Vancouver. , The
object of the gathering was to form a company to build and operate ships, chiefly
to carry lumber from
Vancouver to Australia.
After preliminary discussion, the scheme was
started on its way by
promises of financial
support. In answer to the specific question as to whether the provincial government had promised any assistance to the
enterprise, the chairman said the government would "do something."
That "do something" will most likely
eventually crystallize into guaranteeing
the bonds of the company, C. Gardiner
Johnson said tho vessels were needed to
"carry our own lumber to our own people in Australia." To those who know
the conditions under whioh lumber is
chiefly manufactured in this province,
that means that the ships will be used to
take the products of Oriental labor to the
markets of Australia. Over there Orientals are excluded as a menace through
their lower wage rates and standards to
the white men's standards of living. Labor is supposed now to be practically in
control of the federal parliament of that
•      •      •      •
Vancouver Trades and Labor council
has already informed thc labor movement
of Australia as to the conditions in the
lumber manufacturing industry in British
Columbia. If this shipping scheme goes
through it will be up to the government
of Australia to demand proof"from the
shippers that their cargoes are the product of white labor. In addition to that,
it should carefully watch how many of
the crews of these vessels are white men.
The British Columbia government has for
many years now been the protector and
servant of employers of cheap Oriental labor, and it is prepared to continue being so.
AWHILE BACK the United States
Congress passed a measure called
the Clayton bill. It was stated that
"labor is not a commodity," a little touch
of terminologioal twaddle which has kept
the "sane and conservatives" talking about it
ever since. The latest is
a Chicago lawyer who
attended the convention
of the Ohio Manufacturers' association last week in order to confide to them the following rare specimen
of his legal lore:
Don't confound labor with so many
pounds of sugar or so many tons of
sand or steel, said the speaker. Labor
is not a commodity. It's a human
proposition, and the sooner you gentlemen recognize that fact the better
it will be for you.
Just as though Ohio manufacturers care
whether labor is called a commodity or
not, so long as the price of it continues
subject to the law of supply and 'demand
—a thing which it will do just^as long as
there is a class in the community which
depends for its daily bread upon being
able to find a purchaser for tho only thing
it owns which it can exchange for food;
that is its power to labor.
THREE MINISTERS appointed from
the labor party in Britain to be
members of the coalition government threatened resignation as the result of the attitude of tho British Trades
Union Congress on the
subject of conscription.
Their action was due
more to political sagacity
than to political principle. • At heart they are
all Liberals, who find the labor party the
most convenient channel through which
to satisfy their liking for political prominence*.
•      •      •      *
Arthur Henderson and William Brace
belong to. thc pre-nincteen-hundrcd-and-
six lib.-lab. type, which drifted into politics via the nonconformist preaching circuits and the temperance platform. Geo.
H. Roberts is a different and dapper type,
who would Have succeeded admirably
in charge of the ribbon counter in a departmental store, if he had not by some
strange twist of ciroumstanocs hypnotized
the electors of Norwich into sending him
to parliament. Their offer of sacrifice
was -a practical demonstration of
the Spcncerian doctrine that, in order to
survive, the organism must adjust itself
to its environment.
Attend the sessjons of the B. C. Federation of Labor in the Labor Temple next
The" difference between the cost of labor power, and the value of the product
of labor when applied to the natural resources of the earth, that is profit.
Many thousands of homes in Australia
have realized ih the last twelve months
where the Gallipolli peninsula is, It will
hot Be forgotten in the next twelve generations.
Henry Ford must havo known quite a
deal about cranks before he went to Europe and back to stop -the war. To judge
from press reports, the incidents of the
journey must have added considerably to
his knowledge. -      .
What Arnold did to the Dominion Trust
depositors was a mere flea bite, to what
the lawyers and auditors and tho balance
of the buzzards which are now feeding off
it's carcase will do before they get
through with it.
The war contract graft investigation
department of the Dominion government
looks as though it will have to remain
constituted for at least "the duration of
tho war and six months after." Every
cent's worth of work awarded to privato
firms seems to be costing about two cents
to investigate it.
The Snn says "the purpose of a political machine is to destroy representative
government." The chief regret of the
Liberals is that they have not got a machine capable of destroying representative
government as effectively as the Conservatives have done by their machine
By an oversight, the writer of the article on the history of the press in British
Columbia, which appeared in our news
columns last week, spoke of our contemporary, the West*"* Clarion, as having
ceased publication a year ago. The paper
in question is now being published
The Civic Federation, that curiously
composite body in the United States,
which inoludes hj its membership labor
officials and multi-millionaire captains
of industry, announces that at the closo
of the war it will send a committee to
Europo for thc purpose of "investigating
war socialism." These new brands aro
coming so fast thoy rather bewilder the
A general election in Britain on the
conscription issue wpuld give a no more
democratic result than by the government
forcing it through. The only honest way
to decide it, would be to take a referendum vote of that part of the male population which will be affected by. the
scheme. No man who knows.beforehand
that he is immune from the conscription
call has a right to Vote in favor of conscription for another man.        ,-   ;   .
Sam Hughes says there are something
like 25,000 bank clerks in Canada that he
wants for the army. A banking official,
writing "in last Wednesday night's Province, says-that is not so. He says, moreover, that the banks have done more good
for the country during this war trouble
than most institutions. They certainly
have done thc country good—and plenty
—what with their rake off on war loans
and what not. The war is "duck soup"
for' them. With so many friends in the
government they would not mind if the
struggle continued for another ten years.;
According to news despatches, when
W. C. Anderson spoke against the conscription bill in the British parliament
last Tuesday, he wag disavowed as the
spokesman of organized labor by Will
Thome. "Bill" got into the house as a
socialist—and that's all he ever knew
about any school of economic thought
w.hich' passed under that name. Physically he is big, bluff and hearty. Mentally
he is—well, we "are certain the government benches listened more carefully to
Anderson than to him, even though
Thome's speech was more politically useful, and fitted their needs of the mdment.
Lord Milner is one of the chief conscrip-
tionists of England, and the London Nation, radical organ, tells him he is "the
son of a German, and perhaps tho most
German mind in the empire." Milner's
methods in South Africa earned the sobre-
quet of "Milnerism," and there is no es**-
sential difference between Milnerism and
Prussianism. _
Premier Asquith, speaking in the British parliament last Monday: "Thc evacuation of the Gallipoli peninsula has no
parallel in military and naval history."
We feel sure nearly everybody who has
read the ghastly story of the expedition-
even that part whieh bas been officially
told for public consumption, not to mention thc part which has not—will agree
with him.   I
A poking person, writing to thc News-
Advertiser about the activities of various
railway companies in Vancouver, asks:
"What is the nationality of oapital?" It
has none. It finds it can get along better
without it. If labor could attain to the
same degree of wisdom a great deal of
working class trouble and suffering might
be avoided. The present conditions in
Europe are thc price which the working
class has to pay in return for indulging
in the luxury of nationalism.
A writer in the New York Call, the socialist daily of that city, discussing "pre*
paredness," lapses into linguistic lucidity
The line between questions of principle and questions of policy-is not a
hard and fast one: Just as differences
of degree become differences of
quality under certain circumstances,
so in some junctures do what have
beonTnatters of policy become mat- .
ters of principle.
Sounds like the noise of a worm squirming through mud trying to get to his hole
quick enough to escape thc duck which he
knows is around.
Conservation, a monthly bulletin published by the commission of conservation
at Ottawa, carefully sifts the sentiment
out of thc "Safety First" slogan in the
following comment:'
lt has been figured that the average cost of apprenticeship, including
the cost of bringing a man to the
working efficiency necessary to profit, is approximately $1000.   If this'
man is disabled from any cause, the
employer must immediately recognize
a charge for the cost of training anther workman, in addition to whatever damage he may be called upon
to pay as a result of the accident.
That phrase "tho cost of bringing a
man to the working efficiency necessary
to profit," puts is very nicely.   "Safety
First" really means it is more, profitable
to keep live men alive, than to make dead
ones of them and have to train others.
In a recent issue of The American, published by tho National City Bfak, a Rockefeller institution, occurs the following illuminating comment.   Advocating extensive military preparedness, it says:
A basic clement in the industrial
organization of any country is, of
course, the individual efficiency of
workmen.   Dr.* Karl Hclfferich, who
has had charge of the financing of
Germany since the war and is one of
the leaders in shaping its coming industrial policy, was a strong believer
ih universal military training and service, not only for military purposes,
but because, as he said, the military -
training had contributed very import- _
antly to effective 'discipline in the *
high organization of German industry.  Military service, for labor, may
be analogous to higher education and
technical courses for business administration.
If these people have their'way, it looks
as though the net results of.this "last
war" will bo to completely, militarize
those countries which had not adopted the
Prussian system" before the trouble com*
Trust Co. ,
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
J. J. TONES,      J. A. BENNIE,
Man. Director Soc.-Treaa.
Houses, Bungalow, Stores
and modern sultei for reat
at a big reduction.
Safety Deposit Bona for rent at
♦2,60 up.  Willa drawn up free of
Deposits accepted aad Interest at
Tour par cant allowed on dally
. Unt and third Thandafa. Executive
hoard; Jamea H. MeVety, pf.ild.-Sa™
Petllpl.so, »l«Hpnild.at; 6»r™ iarUW
Iteuerol aaeretary, 310 Labor TSapl., Ui..
fi. Oattwldg.- treasurer; Fred. A. Hoover"
st»tl.llclan{ sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; ti
3. Crawford, Fred. Knowlm, t. W. Welsh!
CIL..—Meets   second   Monday   In   tha
g'""„P««ia-»t. h. j. Bothei7..erW£
B. H. N..laod.. P. O. Boa 68.
«_."2*' ?Mm .*08 L»b*1*' Templo. Meets
?.»* **?***. ?.' *i°h """■"'• Preaident,
nSS n***n5&11" tataoel secretory. H.
Dovla, Boi 484, phoue Bey, 4761; recording
■•crelory, WmllotiUhow, Globe ioteUlofi
—Meem every Iat and Urd T„»«rtaT.
8 p.m., Room B07. Pre.ldent H. P. Wand*
OorrapopdiM socretary, W. S. Dsgnall, Boa
5 ' ananolal .ecrctsry, W. J. Pip.., bnslneso
ag.nl, W. S. Dagnall, R„om jij.   '
ol Am.rfea. Vancouver Lodge No. lti—
Proaldeal, A. Campbell, 71 Seveatcnth'em-
oireef    ! umtKT' * ''""■ tu> H°wa
meet, room 805,  Labor T.mple, every
K?M 8 m-   Pnaldent, D. W. flcftongolt
n   »  H251 rffc^ii  WWdl-W   ■'.retard
S'J"-.Ei"f !*b" Tempi.! Soantlal seer*
uSLan. ■Tl'""'!, "I"'*  *•  H* Mortiaoo,
Boom 907, Labor Temple.
AMERICA.    Local   Ne.
Are you
a Lover
of nice dinnerware, looking for extra
good quality at a low price. Wo are
pleased to quote prlcea and give estimates oh our stock of patterns.
Special—07-pieco dinner set, English
ware, in white and gold, with a thread
lino in blnck; pxtrn good quality; hand*
,     somo in design, 915.75; regular $19.75.
Millar & Coe, Ltd.
776 Oranvllle Street 120 Hastlngi Street
any class of the people. Clean, newsy and
bright—a newspaper you can trust. THE
SUN upholds the principle of government
by the people.
KEEP IN TOUCH with the news of the
day by reading THE SUN.
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UNION     Of
w u *i™7*«£"** ""."" "."• tie—VMtlaia
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Pr.sld.nt. rr.n.l. William.; Tiep-prrildenL
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Donald, Boa SOS;   laantlal  seoretary.   K.
PaUnoa, P. O. Boi 60S.  .	
Meeta lait Saaday -ot eaeh montb at I
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Kreeldsot, W. B. Metsger; seeretorrtreseaAr
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ullt. oncers, 1916.16: Preildant, A. Watch-
moa; vlee-presldent.-- Vancouver, W. F.
Dana, J. H. MeVety; Victoria, B. Simmons;
New Westmlnater. W. Yntea; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Donning: ReTclitoko, J. Lyon; Dlatrlct 98, U. M. W. of A. (Vancouver Ialand),
S. Onthrle; Dlatrlct 18, TJ. M. W. of A.
(Orow'a Nest Valley), A. J. Carter: secre-
lory-treaourar, A. S. wells, P. O. hoi 1638,
Victoria, B, O.
VICTORIA  TRADEB AND LABOR COUNCIL—Heel. Int and third Wednesday.
Labor hall,  1434  Government atreet.  at  a
6 m.   President. A. 8. Well.; ...retary, F.
oldrldge, Boi 909, Victoria, B. O.
of America, local 784, New We.tmla.ter.
Meet, .econd Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. w. Jamesoo. Boi 494,
Director.: Joa. Brown, prp.ld.nt; R. P. .
Pettlplece, vlee-pre.ldent;' Edward Lothian.
James Campbell, J. W. Wllkln.on, Geo. WU-
by, W. J. Nagle, F. Blumb.rg, H. H. Free.
Maaaglag director aad aecr.tary*tr.ai,ar.r, J.
H. MsVsty, room 911, Labor Tempi..	
at eall of preeldent, Labor Temnle, Vancouver, B. O. Director.: Jam.. Campbell,
pruldent; J. H. MeVety, aeeretary.trpa.urer;
A. Watchman, A. 8. Welle. R. Perm. Petti,
piece, manager, 917 Labor Temple. Tela*
phoae:   Seymoar 7491.
Vols against prohibition! Demand per-
aoaal liberty la ohooolng what yoa will drink.
Aak tet this Label whoa purchasing Boor,
Ale or Porter, as e nerantes that It Is Da-
loa Msde. Ms Is Oor Lsbel
. "FBIDAT, JANUARY 14, 1916
r |ecki£hoes
L*]       Colombia
There are a number of
reasons WHY you should
purchase LECKIE
SHOES in preference   to
others.   One good reason
are made in British Col-   .
umbia in a British Columbia institution by British Columbiana.
Every penny you pay for LECKIE SHOES rematai
here in British Columbia. You (Jay ho duty.
Another reason is that you can not purchase a better
shoe on the market  Any man who wears a LECKIE
will testify to that.
—At Leading Dealers Everywhere—
■ -HI
Named Shoes ire frequently made in Non-
Union Factoriei—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no mattsr what Its name, unless It bears a
plain and readable Impression or this stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp ara
alwaya Non-Unloa.
146 Bummer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. P. Tobln, Free.   0. L. Blaine, Seo.-Traas.
Telephone 89S
Wholesale, retail and family trada
Cornor Bogota and Front Strssts
B.C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
"Wty should any man or body of menf tell you,
that after a day's heavy toil you cannot have the enjoyment
of a glass of boer; he is a tyrant, who says
Be on your guard, or the tyrant will steal your liberty.
Lot our distributor deliver a case of our product.
The Name
stands for all the essential requirements of a first-
class bottle beer. CASCADE on a bottle of beer is—
like the Sterling mark on silver—proof that it's good
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UNION WORKMEN. We also manufacture high-
grade—UNION MADE—aerated waters.
You'll find they are of the same high standard as
you are accustomed to in our brand of CASCADE
BEER.  On sale everywhere.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
B.C. Federationist Ltd.,Officers Re-elected
The annual general meeting of the shareholders of tho B. 0. Federationist, Limited, took place in Labor
Temple on Saturday evening list. The statement of Messrs. Crehan, Martin & .Co., chartered aceountnas,
as at June 30, 1915, was read and unanimously received. It showed an operating loss for the year of $201.01.
Messrs. Jas. Campbell and J. H. McVety were re-elect od as directors to succeed themselveB. At a meeting
of the newly-elected directors the same evening, President Campbell, Secretary-Treasurer McVety and Managing Director Pettipiece were re-elected by acclamation, Messrs. A. S. Wells and A. Watchman, present
as representatives of the B. C. Federation of Labor, came over from Victoria on Saturday afternoon's boat,
and returned to the Capital City the same night.
For Meiti
(Continued {rom page 1)
tember 7,1915, plainly showed that he thought differently. He said:
I have not much hope that Ance compulsion is introduced
we shall get free of it after the war.   There are many of the
advocates of conscription who press for it for purely military
reasons.  But there are others—some of the chief of them, have
frankly admitted aB much to me—who desire it as the only
weapon against the growing power of the trade unions.   And
it is in that direction that conscription must in any case inevitably tend.
Other statements of a similar kind might be recorded in almost
unlimited number, but these are sufficient to show how thc conscription idea appeals to thc class interest of those desirous of keeping
the working class in industrial subjection.
It appeals to them as a most excellent way of meeting the industrial problems which threaten to crowd upon them when the war
is over. With German markets captured, and the working class
under military control, they evidently feel they would have an ideal
arrangement of things.
How differently they talk.today compared with August, 1914.
Floral Art-
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. North Vancouver — Office and
Chapel, 122-Slxth St. Weat, Phone
184.   *
Refined Service
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Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors  freo  to all
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Coal mining rights of ths Dominion, In
Manltobt, Saskatchewan and Alberts, the Tn*
kon Ti-rlrtory, the Northweit Territories md
In i portion of the Provinoe of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of ft an ton. Not
more tban 3,660 aeres will be leased to one
Application! for lease must be made by tbe
applicant In person to the Agent or Sab-Agent
of tbe district la which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and tn onsurveyed territory the
traet applied for shall be staked by Jno ap*
plleant himself. *
Each application mast bs accompanied by
a fee of t6, whieh will be refunded if the
rights applied for are hoi available, bnt not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on tba
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five eents per ton,
Tho person operating Uie mine ahall furnish the Agent wltb sworn returni accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coil mined and par tbe royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returns ibmld be furnished at least onee
a year.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rlghta
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate or S10 in acre.
fat full Information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department nf
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or 8nb-
Agent ot Dominion Landa.
Deputy Vlntster of tb% Interior.
N. fl.—Unanthorlsed publication of this ad*
vertlsement will not ba paid for—80690
Firemen of 1886 Celebrate
Anniversary of Fire
Each Year
Chief Carlisle Only Member
of Old Brigade on the
Present Dept.
Trades and Labor Council. .
January 15th, 1890
(By Oeorge Bartley)
Although the volunt'eor fire brigade*
was organised before the big fire of
June 13, 1886, it waa not until May 1,
1902—16 years afterwards—that tho
Vancouver Veteran Firemen's association wns formed. Among the prime
movers to organize this association
were: Chief J. H. Carlisle, C. Giguer, P.
Larson, Wm. McGirr, J. McAllister, C.
M. Hawley, B. Leatherdale. T. Lilloy,
(J. Thomas,'jun. and several others.
Buch anniversary of tho Are is celebrated by the veterans with a banquet
hold on the evening of June 13 each
Public-Spirited Young Men.
Coincident with the new Vancouver
that nisi* from tho smouldering situ of
ono of the worst fires that* ever vis
ii western city, beforo the fishes had
cooled, cume also tho birth of a volunteor department, composed of it number
of public-spirited young men, who gnvo
thoir services gratis to save life and
property, and did it so well thut they
laid the foundation for the present excellent fire department now hold up as
a modol all over the American continent.
This veteran volunteer fire brigade
has good reason to feel proud of its record. It was so prompt in'responding!
to all alarms that no blaze evor got
much beyond tho incipient stngeB.
Holds World's Becord.
. Prouder still are the veteran firemen
of the still unbeaten world's record
held by the old Alert hose team No. 1,
which, although composed entirely of
local mon, not only dofentcd tbo world's
champion huso team in the national
tournament held at Taeoma in 1889, but
also set a world's record that to this
day remains unbroken, an eloquent testimony to tho perfect team work, speed,
skill and stamina of those fire-fighting
nthletos of nearly thirty years ogo.
Brigade Organized:
A few days after the big fire a meeting was hold in Oeorge Chetko's store,
corner of Powell and Cordova streets,
when the brigade was organized. Two
hose companies were formed for tho
hand reels which were thou in use, Then
a hook and ladder company was orguo-
ized by Wm. McGirr.
The membership or this organization
is limited by iron-clad rules to members of its original volunteer department and the heads of the business firms
at the time of tho fire. Chief Carlisle
is tho only momber of the old volunteer
brigade who is now in the present department.
Tho uniform worn by the volunteer
firemen was a striking creation of brilliant crimson, black velvet and pearl
trimmings—bright onmigu to make a
man need smoked glasses to view a
Letter from Arthur Dutton (Victoria)
wus thoroughly discussed, and the basis
of representation at the British Columbia Federated Labor Congress as quoted by him was uccepted.
Committee. appointed to interview
Mayor David Oppenheimer wds directed
to make a searching Inquiry into the
violation of tbe nine-hour clause on city
A committee interviewed Mayor I).
Oppenheimer on the anti-Chinese clause
of the proposed graving dock bylaw.
Report satisfactory.
Workers Expected to Sweat for Generations to Fay Interest.
The productive power of mankind,
per capita, will be at least as great, a
few years after the war ends, as it was
in 1914. The crushing national debts
which are now being built up constitute
special claims against the products of
each nation's industry, and thus help
to distribute property in a corlain way,
but by themselves neither add nor subtract from the sum total of tho world's
material wealth.
They crush because they give to a
special creditor class an actual powor
to lay a perpetual tax upon their fellowmen, and through this tax to force
the standards of living downward. The
various governments will collect a great
part of their revenues, not for themselves, but in tho capacity of agents for
All the ■ material wealth that has
been wasted will be rapidly replaced,
The financial hardship under which the
masses of tho people are expected to
labor for generations to como, and from
which no relief is promised, will be one
that' is daily reimposed as a property
Tbe workera of Europe will sweat,
not for a glorious and abstract principle, but for the rule that i nvest'ed
monoy, not repaid, is entitled to draw
interest forever.
Thus the credit system, in so many
ways the most fruitful of modern inventions, in this instance performs the
melancholy function of prolonging indefinitely the material cost of war.—San
Francisco Bulletin.
Next War May Be Against Makers of
The dream of the peace-lovers of nil
nges is, perhaps, about to be realized,
not because peace has conquered war,
but because war has almost eaten itself
up. The financiers and tho armament
makers, says the San .Francisco Bulletin, nmong them, have over-reached
They havo finally created a situation
in which all the money that the powers
can raise by taxation is needed twice—
once to pay interest on war debts and
once to make adequate preparation for
now wars. Obviously rt cannot bo used
for both purposes. As ccrtuinly, though
not as obviously, it cannot, by any alchemy of finance, be doubled.
The pooplo who pay for wars, with
the sweat of their bodies and tho weariness of their limbs, will not rest quiet
whilo their living standards are cut in
two. Even though tney onjoyed wars,
and wcr*§ recompensed by the patriotic
thrills which accompany wars, they
would consider fighting too expensive a
Or, if they fight in tho future, it may
bo to overturn the precious crew who
are responsible for vnrs and preparedness and national debts and low standards of living, and monopolized land
and child labor and racial degeneration
nnd a few miscellaneous evils -not here
Dan Poupard Calls.
Dan ,Poupard the editor of Tho Retail Employee, tho mngnzino of th*. organized rctnil storo clerks, was a visitor
to The Federationist office this wack.
Thomas & MeBain are holding their
Lonely Sale of Semi-ready salts. Get
yours. ***
company wearing thnt garb in n march
Vancouver's First Brigade.
Vancouver's volunteer fire brigade,
among others, composed the following
members: J. H, Cnrlislo, J. O. Garvin,
G. L. Schetkv, G. Thomas, jun., J. Mc-
Allistor, R. Rutherford, H. Cnmpboll,
W. McKinnon, R. Leatherdale, J. Campbell, C. F. Giguer, F. Upham, F. Gladwin, S. H. Ramage, J. Moran, Pete Larson, Wm. McGirr, A. M. Tvson, J. A
Mnteer, T. Lilly, Wm. S. Cooke, John
Taylor, J. Boudello, J. N. Danzey, J. De
Witt, C. W. Hawley, F. Beckett, E.
Robc, J. M. McKonzic, C. T. Perry, W.
Saunders, Joe Hoskins. 1). Biggar, E, C.
Britton, 0. Blair, F. Duhamcl.
tfhis underwear is the best value we know today of whieh we ean
five onr eustomen a complete selection.  Our English lines have to far
ailed to put ii an appearance, and we do not expect they will owing to
the war.   So there ia every reason why a man should turn te Stanfield's
and be well satisfied with it.
FOB $1.26 A GARMENT—Medium weight, unshrinkable wool underwear
in flne elastio rib finish.
COMBINATIONS are available in all three weights at twiee the pries of
single garments.
Two heavier weights in tbe sams finish at $1.50 and $1.7$ psr garment
Please note that these are prices of a year ago.
Best Workshirt Value at $1.00
The makers tell us it is value
for $1.25 in all other-stores where
sold. We believe this to be true,
for there are few stores that can
or care to sell fit the fine margins
that Spencer's do; Made of heavy
twill, tough, almost untearable.
In plain khaki and black with pin .
stripe. .Large, roomy fitting. All
sizes to 17%.
Men's Pyjamis, $1 a Suit
This is the garment nine buyers
out of ton want. A suit that has
every useful attribute—a suit
that is well and roomily made of
good quality, soft finished, striped
flannelette. For $1.00 this garment offers remarkable value. All
David Spencer Limited
a 11I*T11l11I*6 -*•*•ca^ —>*—• -**—•
\~** ^^mmtmrmm, *^r mmammt. Uiula pUMa.
Hastings Furniture Co.. Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
New — Modern — Fireproof
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under the management ol W. V. MOHAN
Room wtth detached b»th ...; 11.00 per i.y np
Room with print, bith 91.S0 per tty .p
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Ojir electric motor bu meet. .11 boot, ud tnlu tne
LOTUS GRILL—Open Continuously
Mu.le from 8.80 to 8.80 .nd 10 to midnight
Phon* Seymour SIM
- New Blectric Auto Bn. Meot. aU But. and Train. Frae
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Host
Complete Hotel .    ,
250 ROOMS ; 100 with Private Baths
EUBOPEAN PLAN, (1.00 per Day up.
DUCTS exchanged for beautiful presents
Call whether you have eoupons or not.
Special offers for Christmas and the New Tear, contained In our new
Premium Bulletin just issued. Write for catalogue of premiums and
special offers. *
Fancy teapots, Nippon hand-painted chinaware, eut glass, 100 styles
■1 shapes of aluminum utensils, ladies' hand bags, music rolls, purses,
., and an elegant display of beautiful dolls, toys, games, otc., etc.
Tou can save money' by saving your coupons off Boyal Crown Soap,
Boyal Crown Washing Powder, Boyal Crown Naptha, Boyal Crown
Cleanser, Boyal Crown Lye.
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
Advertising Value of
Electric Light
The merchant who uses electricity for the general
lighting of his store, but who does not avail himself
of the advantages afforded by the electric current
for Adverising Purposes is not improving all his opportunities. The advertising value of a brilliantly
lighted show window cannot well be estimated.
Trade follows electric light wherever, and in whatever form it appears, and the strong appeal of brilliant electric illumination, and of electric signs, is
but the working of a natural law.
Tempting show window displays enhanced by elec-.
trie light indicate the progressive store.
Carrall and Hastings Streets
1138 Granville Si, Near Davie
Phone Seymour
With Everything in the
Store Reduced. Take
advantage of the opportunities it presents to
save money.
\^|.  _) \m_v__n_ iwi     **__*_ i am—Ht, _a_t ww__mt_ *_J^^_*
Granville and Georgia Streets
"Jingle Pot"
• Supplies     	
Furniture,     Bag-W. do all klnil. of e.ruj. work, but wo specialise on
flfaflfe &nd the mo"',**& °* 'urnStu.ro, pianos .nd baggage.   Onr men
iv nt       ■        **re experts, and ther uro alao eareful wben handling
riano Movers houaehoid.»,«•.
Tho moat heat nd leaat amount of waite. Lnmp, $0.60.
Nut, IS.60 per ton.
In onr warehon.ee on Pal.e Greek wa terry s 'complete
atoek ol common and Are brick, plaater, oemont, sewer
and drain pipe, eto.
80 Fender Street West
PHONEB: Seymour 405, 606, 6408, 6409
Phone Seymour 210 Phone Seymour 210
Wellington Lump ,  $6.50,
WellingtonfoutNo. 1  $6.00
Wellington Nut No. 2 , ...$5.00
Comox.Lump r  $6.50
Comox Nut  $5.50
O. H, Mumm & Oo., Champagne *
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
William Teacher & Sow, Highland Cream Whisky
White Book, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Ban and Guinness *
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Letup's Beer
O. Preller & Oo.'s Clarets, Sauternes and BiufcAn-
dies, etc., etc.
Ooo.l for one year's anbaerlptlon to The B.
a f.  Mf. T-.   r\ a v% w r* O. Federationlit, will be mailed to tny ad*
10 SUB CARDS dr"f.|n P1.!*-* '°r "?• .(0.,'.°4 ■">.*"»■•■!•■•
outalde of Vaneoaver olty.)    Order .tea today.   Remit when aold.
Home Guard
OgiIvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
On the occasion of the British trade
union congress the annual conference
of the' Women's Trade itnion league
took place. It was reported that there
are n*pw 400,000 women trade unionists-
which is 10 per cent, bf the women
workers of the country. Thanks to the
trade boards act, real improvements.
haye been secured lately. How much
room there is for this improvement,
the New Statesman says, may be judg-
ed by the fact that the defeat' of an at-:
tempt to fix a rate of 2d per hour for
the work of a grown woman has to be
recorded as a triumph. The average
oarnings of all the adult. working wo-
'men industrially employed do not reach
11 shillings' per week. .The paper,
therefore, recommends that rich women
financially assist' the league, in order
effectively to support their own sex. Income and expenditure of the league
leave's, balance of about £1000 a year.
Even ^his very poor result involves a
great^Leal of trouble on the part of the
local groups. Amongst the more than
000 delegates to the trade union congress there were not even a dozen women.
Officers for Tear Installed—Much Oen
era!/ Business Sone.
Branch No. 12, P. A. L. C, hel^ their
regular monthly meeting on Friday,
January 7, in the Labor Temple. A
very moderate attendance saw the 1016
officers installed,- F. Knowles acting as
installing officer. Seven temporary carriers were initiated as temporary members. R. Kirkwood was elected to represent the beneficiary members at the
biennial convention, which iB to be held
in Vancouver some time in August this
year. President L. C. Carl and Secretary ,B. Mtyright were elected to represent the t general membership. F.
Knowles as lirst and M, Buck as second
alternates. The balance sheet for 1015,
showing an increase, both financially
and in point of membership over any
previous year, was presented by the auditors, W. A. Squires and L. Kemp,
who received the usual vote of thanks,
A motion to elect a committee to take
control of the arrangements for the
convention, was laid over till next meeting. A notice of motion was presented,
asking for a referendum of the local
membership, on the question of changing the meeting night. B. W. Casg, delegate-elect to the Trades and Labor
council, resigned in favor of J. Dodd,
who, it was stated, had attended 19
out of a possible 24 meetings of the
Trades and Labor council in 1015. A
lengthy report of the Trades and Labor
council meetings was given by Delegates Knowles, Wight and Cook. The
next meeting, Feb. 4, is important, aB
resolutions to be placed before the convention will be discussed. Please attend,
Confiscation Tbat Is Different
Nothing produces a howl more quickly from the safe, sane and respectable
citizen than the suggestion of confiscating of property. The courts never utter
that dreadful phrase without wrath,
the conservative presp never prints it
without a virtuous shudder. It is like
putting an oath into a prayer.
Property is so utterly sacred, so far
above such frivolities aa human happiness and human liberty, and confiscation is so odoriferous of the ignorant
envy of the common herd, bo suggestive
of the ever present dangers of an un-J
restricted democracy.
But when it comes to confiscation of
the liberty and livos of common men,
which occurB in the military system,
the conservative mind stamps the Bug-
gestion with unqualified approval.—San
Francisco Bulletin.
What About War Pensions?
What about the war pensions. How
much longer are widows and orphans of
those who havo died for their "grateful" (?) country going to suffer for
the necessaries of life? When will the
disabled men be given enough to live
on without the aid of charity? When
are our ministers who shout for enlist-
ing going to shout' for a decent recompense? What is the matter with the
Returned Soldiers' association that
they don't start something to get justice? Never mind the cost, it is the
only part of the expense that must be
met nt all hazards.—Winnipeg Voice.
New Title; Same Income.
William Waldorf Astor has been made
a baron. Although his title is conferred
by the British government, Americans
will continue to pay the tribute necessary to maintain his aristocratic state.
The tenants in the Astor -.tenements in
New York eity may be proud that their
rents go to maintain a real baron instead of just an ordinary American
landlord.—Milwaukee Leader, '
Plasterers Ban Overtime.
The Seattle Plasterers' union has notified employers that its rule will henceforth be enforced whieh debars its members from working overtime while other
members are unemployed.
A X-onely suit awaits yon at the Semi-
ready. Ont lot, 108 suits, at $12; one
lot, 129 suits, at 919. ***
put op in
pint bottles
Factory: 1388-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland SU
Be*. 19M        Vuemva, B. O.
Now ox-president of the local Bricklayers', union, after having, served three
years in that capacity.   Well-known
in football and other sport circles.
Ex-President Haslett Takes Federationist to Task.
» " I 've got a kick to make against The
Federationist,'' said '' Jimmy'' Haz-
left, ex-presidont of the Bricklayers'
union, yesterday morning as he swung
into the office to get close to the radiator. "You're always slamming the
Conservatives and Liberals and the
governments for things they do and
leave undone. But you're all wrong.
The men you should go after are the
working men themselves, especially the
members of organized labor. They
alone* are to blame for present conditions. Size it all up and you will find
that- they are now getting just exactly
what they have been voting for during
recent' years. Take a tumble to yourself, Mr. Federationist, ond turn your
attention to our own people."
Having got warmed up by this time,
"Jimmy" sauntered into the Bricklayers ' headquarters further along the Labor Temple corridor. «
Transcona Shell Shops.
Organizer J. McClelland, of the machinists, writing in the January issue of
the machinists' journal, says:
Our Canadian members will be especially interested in learning something
moro about tho shell department of the
Transcona shops. These shops were in
the hands of the Grand Trunk Pacific
railway, and during that time were
equipped for the manufacture of shells,
but when the Canadian government
took over that part of the road in
which these shops are located, they immediately proceeded to lease the shell
department to n private corporation,
and it will be very interesting to know
what excuses will be given for this action when some of the government officials attempt to answer the question.
Manitoba Women May Vote.
A petition asking for the enfranchisement of women and signed by 39,534
women of the province of Manitoba,
has been presented to Premier Norris
by a deputation from the political
equality league. The premier assured
the women thnt .the bill providing for
equal suffrage had been prepared, and
that tne government hoped for its oorly
pnsgage at the opening -session of the
Elected president of the local Bricklayers' union last week.
Toronto Has Forty-fifth Gathering of
tbe International Union.
Three hundred delogates were prdsent
last Monday night at the opening biennial convention of the Bricklayers,
Masons and Plasterers' International
union jn Toronto. Tbe meeting is the
forty-fifth which tbe organization has
held and Is attended by members from
all over the United States and Canada.
The delegates marched in procession to
tbe new Technical School, where the
opening ceremonies were held. Hon.
Finlay O. MacDiarmid, the provincial
minister of publie works, welcomed the
visitors on behalf of Premier Hearst
nnd the provincial government.
Labor Department Begins Distribution
to Munition Workmen's Dependents.
The department of labor began during the past month the distribution of
the separation allowances granted by
tho British government to Canadian
workmen who, by arrangements mado
with the British munitions mission
which visited Canada during the summer, have been Working now for some
montbs in British munitions concerns.
The separation allowance Is fixed in
most instances at 17s fid, thie amount'
being paid to the dependant named by
the workman, subject to certain regulations laid down by the British authorities having tho matter in hand. The
classes of men chiefly concerned are
machinists, moulders, shipwrights,
black b, etc.
At the close of the month separation
claims had' reached the department in
about <V)0 cases, and the allowances
wero paid accordingly, the necessary
steps being taken for verification. The
department has not been informed ae to
the exact number of allowances which
will be granted. In a number of eases,
however, the workmen were unmarried
and without dependants in Canada and
there will be no claims in such cases.
Tho Semi-read* Lonely Salt will not
— ■ --^jntjl^      "t
Next week's issue'of tbe B. C. fe&e-
rationiat will contain a "news story"
of the proceedings o'f the B. C. Federation of Labor convention, which will be
held in Vancouver Labor Temple commencing next Monday morning.
Lack of space will "not permit of a
full verbatim report, but a summarized
account of all the principal matters
dealt with will be given. This will be
in line with the procedure followed last
year in connection with the Nanaimo
Results of Elections ln Vancouver Held
on Thursday.
The results of the civic elections held
on Thursday last, are appended below:
<     . For-Mayor.
McBeath    3122
Klrkpatrick    2488
Martin        1908
Hepburn     1502
McNeill   ...,.'"     1234
Ward One—ThoB. W. Kirk.    .
Ward Two—Walter Hamilton.
Ward Three—W. C. Marshall.
Ward Four—Dr. Mcintosh.
Ward Five—C. E. Mahon.
Ward Six—R. H. Gale.
Ward Seven—Frank Woodside.
Ward'Eight—Fred Rogers.
School Board.    ■
Dr. W. H.Lang, Fred Welsh, J. R.
Seymour, H. C. N. McKim, Mrs. Irene
Moody, A. M. Harper and A. C. Stewart.
Licence Commissioners.
Thomas Duke, Walter Leek (two to
be appointed.)
Park Board.
Jonathan Rogers, M. S. Logan, G. W.
Hutchings and W. R. Owen.
Election of Officers for Ensuing Term
Held Last Saturday.
At a meeting of the Moving Picture
Operators' union, local No. 348, held on
Sunday, officers for the ensuing year
were elected as follows: President, W.
E, McCartney; vice-president, J. O.
Thomas; Becretary-treaBurer, A. O. Hansen; recording secretary, William
Tenny; Bergeant-at-arms, William Wool-
ridge; business agent, E. Huttlemayer;
member of executive at large, William
Worby; examining board, W. E. McCartney, J. O. Thomas, Joseph La-
Chance; trustees, P. Pitner, J. H. Lea-
lie, E. G. Holdsworth; delegates to the
Trades and Labor council, P. Pitner, J.
D. Thomas; delegates to B. C. Federation of Labor, A. O. Hansen.
At the conclusion of the meeting, the
members spent the evening at tho home
of Mrs. Pitner, 1100 Beaton street.
Guests of tho union were E. Fortune of
Denver, Colo., local No. 260, nno* Harry
Foster, Atlantic City, Jocul No. 310,
operators with "The Birth of a Nation," which reel is now being shown
at the Avenue.
Frank Farrington Re-elected President
With Record Vote.
feolow is a statement showing, the
number of votes cast for the various
candidates who aspired to the four
principal offices in the Illinois Miners'
union, at the election held December
For International Board member—
J. M. Zimmerman  32,082
Adolph Germer  25,918
For President—
Frank Farrington 50,195
For Vice-president—
Frank Hefferly   34,107
W. C. Argust  22,655
For Secretary-treasurer—
Duncan McDonald  '.... 31,951
Walter Nesbit  26,135
W. C. Argust, defeated candidate for
vice-president, has accepted a position
ns assistant superintendent at tho No-
komJB mine of the Peabody Coal company.
To the Ratepayers pi WanJ 3
South Vancouver       '
Day labor at a minimum wage '
of $3 per day.
Abolition of contract system
wherever possible.
Encouragement of industries
and the development of Fraser
Efficient administration with a
minimum of expense.
Endorsed by Ward 3 Ratepayers'
Association  and Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council
Conscription in New Zealand.
Mr. W. F. Ahern, Federationist
correspondent in Australia, writes: It
seems that conscription is coming soon
in New Zealand, if signs count for anything. '
Lately there haB been a great migration of young men to America, over 60
leaving on the last boat. New Zealand
muBt be a very healthy kind of country
to be in at the present time, seeing the
government has taken action and empowered the military to prevent' all men
of military ago leaving that country
without permits—that is between 19
and 45 years.
J. B. Macdonald Resigns.
J. Ramsay Macdonald bas resigned
aB the representative of the British independent labor party's representative
in the international socialist bureau,
and has been succeeded by Will Thorne,
member of .parliament and president of
the General Laborers and Gas Workers'
Wilfrid Oribble Convicted.
A St. John. N. B., despatch this morning says Wilfrid Grlbble, well-known
here as a socialist, speaker and writer,
has been found "guilty" of using seditious language, and has been remanded
for one week for sentence,
Editor—Do you know how to run a
Applicant—No, sir.
Editor—Well, Ittl try you. I guess
you've had experience.
Keep warm ln a Semi-ready overcoat
There are some dandies in the Lonely
Sale. ***
$12.00, $15.00
or $18.00
Is yonr limit for
iee whtt we have to offer.
Good Variety, New Stylei
The Men's Olothing Centre
1217-181*1221   Government   It.
and Trounce Arena.
(Member Street Railway Employees' Union)
Ward Three Ratepayers' Association.   Ward Two Ratepayers' Association, Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
R. H. Neelands
respectfully solicits your
* *"~ Tim       '       ~-~* -~
Vote and [Influence for'?
I       Mil ll"	
Ibis Re-election as]
■ ■' : e_- ■    "
Roll Up and Vote for
Candidate for
For WARD 6, Burnaby
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
High-class and painless dentistry at very moderate prices, which anyone can afford—
Oold Crowns, 22k  WOO
Oold Bridgeport, per tooth 14.00
Perfect Fitting Plates, each 18.00
Porcelain fillings, each ! $1.00
Amalgam fillings, each 11.00
Teeth extracted free of pain.
All work guaranteed for TEN YEARS.
Office open erery evening from 7 to S p*m.
- Phone Seymoar SS31 Offlce:  101 Bank of Ottawa- Bnlldlng
or more—members of. any tredes union In Cam* da may have
mailed to their individual addresses for J J a year
at Moderate
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needi. No Job. too large or
too amall. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specially.
Our Pricei are right arid we
deliver when wanted.


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