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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 28, 1916

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 ««'i! ^**)!*t*^**%mimamPm**!m
Seeking   New   Fields   of
Profit-making  While
Others Fight
"White" Standard of Living Is Seriously
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S.W., April 3.—I
cial B. C. Federationist Correspondence.)—Gradually we ore boing brought
face to face with one of the most serious situations evor known in Australia.
An enemy of huge proportions is looming on the horizon, which means ill for
industrial Australia, and that is the
cheap trade of Japan. Hypnotized by
the war, Australia Labor legislators
seem to have lost thoir grip of the
country, which is gradually yet surely
slipping from us. It is serious enough
to bo mixed np in a bloody feud on the
European battlefields, but we will hnve
to face a danger far moro serious when
the present war is over, and that danger
is the .Tap economic and industrial
menace. It has been rumored here that
matters industrially are not as good as
they might be between Japan and England, and indeed, it ia openly stated
that one of the reasons of Primo Minister 'b Hughes' journey to London is to
deal with this vory matter.
The Busy Jap Trader.
Already thero are distant rumblingB
of the coming dangor. I pointed out
in a former despatch how Japan was
capturing the Australian trade, under
the guise of patriotism, ond it seems
that nt this date Australia is waking up
to thc fact thnt thore is something mofe
than seeing wo should not be Bhort of
products while the output of tho cheap
European countries is curtailed, on the
part of Japan. Nor aro thc industrialists alone in this rospoct. The Australian manufacturers nre also waking up
to the fact that a BeriouB inrush of
cheap Jap trade means damage to Australian industries.
Tariffs Will Not Suffice.
Parliamentarians have dismissed from
their mind any idea of industrial danger
by saying that a heavy customs tariff
will moot the case, but they forget the
fact that what coats 25 cents to make
ln Australia can be made in Japan for
about two cents.   'I'his has been pointed
out to the parliamentarians by manufacturers in Australia, who agree that
whilo Japan should have some Bay when
tho pence terms  nre being called, it
must be understood that Australia will
rogard Japan as an industrial menace.
Japs Must Have "Expansion."
What does Jap competition mean to
Australia f   Just exactly what it meant
to America in the Hawaiian question,
only on a more extensive scale.   We are
in a much move serious condition than
America is in, for thc simplo reason that
should we make  a serious discouragement of Jap trade at tho present time,
anything may happen.   For yeara Japan
has had her eyes on the rich landa of
Northern   Australia   nnd   the   Pacific
Islands.     Her   ambition,   openly
pressed,  is to  be  "Empress    of    the
Pacific."    Her nation    at   present is
cramped and an outlet' is wanted badly
for an evergrowing population, and it
is natural that sho should look to tho
south for empty lands, more especially
as wo havo auch lands available   ThiB
is a matter wo have so far overlooked
*    in Australia.
Whites WUl Have to Oet Out,
What is going to happen with all this
Jap trade coming into Australia? Emigration, for a cortainty. Today we
hove Jap commercial agents all over
Australia, spying out the land. Jap
goods are sold in hundreds of shops,
and quito a boom has set in for Jap
goods, which are being turned out at
express speed and rushed into Australia.
Today wo lenrn that thousands of
women aro at work in tho factories o'f
Japan at seven cents por day, which
means a rough awakening for Australia very shortly.
Confusion Worse Oounfounded.
Australian Labor Beoms to have lost
step of the times. When Labor gained
tho foderal legislative halls some six
years ago, it was hailed as tho national
party. But today Australian Labor has
turned imperialistic with a vengeance,
with all tho free-trado axioms of the
mid-Victorian ago, and Australia has
been forgotten. To ub Japan is an
industrial enemy on a far greater scale
than Germany could ever have been,
for Japan is in a position to control
our empty northern lands and make
them productive, which no other nation
could have done.
Skeptical of Prime Minister Hughes,
At the time of writing most Australians are wondering what will be
the result of the misaion to England,
on the part of the prime minister. What
arrangement will be made between
John Bull and Nippon! That ie the
great question that is troubling us. Today our destiny is not our own, for
it belongs to others, since our country
virtually is in pawn. Because Australia industrially Is dismal in the extreme, the mission of Prime Minister
Hughes to England is fraught with
great poaaibllitiea, and it remains to be
seen how he is going to look after the
welfare of the Australian workers. We
have already seen Hughes, the agitator,
bud out as Hughes the imperialist, and
lauded by those who denounced him a
short time ago. What other surprise
is in store for ust If we are to be
•old on the. Industrial field as we have
been aold on the political field, then
the future is very black for us. And
the prime minister, to redeem himself
In the eyes of Australian Labor if such
is hia mission, is up against one of
the greatest problems that ever confronted a politician in Australia,
The Significance of the Struggle in Europe and Its Probable Effect Upon the Status of Labor in the
Various Warring Countries at Its Close.
Strong Campaign Is To Be
Waged Against Trades
Union Haters
Civic Employees Organizing
and Preparing for the
Breakers Ahead
NEW  WESTMINSTEB,  April 211.—
At a regulur meeting of the Trades and
Labor council last night, it wbb decided
to appoint an active committee to prepare plans and ways and means to tako
part in the election of civic officials
next winter.    ThiB action was decided
on after Borne discussion of the attitude
of the present council toward the Electrical Workers in their wage dispute.
The men of the light department having been locked out and their places
filled by scabs who are not able to handle the work as well as the regular staff,
ia imposing an added burden on the taxpayers of the city, and apart from the
injustice and unfairness   of   the   city
council, it is felt that it is necessary to
have some one in ofiice who will attend
to the efficient operation or the several
departments    without   wasting tho revenue of the city ns the present council
is doing.   At the present time the council hove two scabs working as linemen
and the foreman admits that there is
only ono of them who knows nnything
about the work nnd that the rest of the
gang ia a dead loss to the city, and aa
the one man who is of nny account is
looking for a chance to get out, the
council will be left without' anyone to
attend to the light department if he
succeeds.   He has approached the offi-
cers of tho Electrical Workers' union
nnd offered to quit nnd leave the city
in the lurch if the union mon will pay
him $300 in ndvance to do bo.   NeedleBS
to say, the union did  not accept the
offer, as it is only a matter of time until
he will quit to accept a place where the
wages are larger just ns soon ns a strike
occurs anywhere else, as this mnn is a
professional strike-breaker.
B. A, Stoney Elected President. I
The president of the council, having
enlisted in the 131st battalion, tendered
his resignation, and the council wns
forced to nccept it with a great deal of
regret, ns Bro. Maiden has been an outstanding figure in the Lnbor movement
for some years past, and his absence
will be keenly felt by the organised
workers in the city. Delegate R. A.
Stoney was elected to fill the vacancy
caused by the resignation of Bro. Maiden.
Civic Employees Organising,
The organization committeo reported
that very successful meetings had been
held of the city employees and the prospects for tho formation of a Civic Em
ployees' union wero bright.
Reports of unions showed taht thero
waa some improvement in the state of
work, but in all tradea thero were still
some men out of employment.
A THOUSAND AND ONE REASONS are given as to why half
the world is plunged into the most terrible and devastating war
ever yet recorded in history. As a rule these reasons are more or
less colored, to conform to the preconceived racial or national prejudices entertained by they who Offer them. Needless to say, such
prejudices are more than apt to so warp tho judgment of the
advocate as to, invariably, prompt him to throw the onus of blame
upon the particular sid'e of the controversy with which he is not in
sympathy. To every Teuton it is plainly apparent that the war
was caused by the machinations of England, France and RusBia,
because of their jealousy of the superior virtue of Teutonic culture
and the greater efficiency of Central European industry. To every
loyal partisan of the Entente Allies it is equally plain that the row
was purposely started by the Teutonic nations for the purpose of
breaking the power of those nations of Western Europe, who have
been especially charged with the mission of uplifting the world and
securing to all people a heritage of liberty more priceless than gold
end precious stones. Nearly every reason for the war that iB offered
is accompanied by such a wealth of venom and invective as to amply
guarantee the sincerity and zeal of he who puts it forth.
 — "♦   King Peter, of Serbia,, during the re*
treat' of his troops ttefore the overwhelming onslaught of the Germans and
AustrianB, remarked to an interviewer
that this terrible war is "a struggle
between the feudalism of yesterday and
the freedom of tomorrow." A reasonably thorough enquiry into the political
development of the various nations involved will demonstrate the correctness
of King Peter's conclusion and lend
to an understanding of the cause of thiB
frnticidal blood-letting, that will tend
to remove the responsibility therefor,
from the shoulders of kings, kaisers,
czars, cabinets, diplomats and ambassadors, and place it where it properly
belongs, in the category of labor pains
announcing the passing of an old and
the birth of a new social order. To
paraphrase King Petor's words the
present '' war is a spasm of agony
heralding the death of the feudalism
of yesterday and the birth of the
freedom of tomorrow."
Feudalism ln Britain.
Beginning with King John and the
barons, the absolutism of the feudal
rulers of Britain was gradually broken
down, through long and persistent
struggle upon the part of those whose
interests and conception of things demanded a greater liberty and a wider
field of activity than was possible under feudal restrictions. The job was
fairly well completed when King
Charles lost his head and Cromwell and I
his pious followers found theirs. There
is little now left of feudalism in
Britain, other than such relics as are
kept for show purpoBCB. Constitutional
government, made up of duly elected
representatives, is in the saddle, subject only to the whim or enprice of tbe
electorate. The landhalding class, that
one time reigned supreme in all its
feudal glory, thanks to the bishop's
blessing and the pike and cross-bow of
its trusty retainers, has given way to
the modern capitalist claas thnt nn-
ostentntiously rules by the law, the
ledger and the cash book.
The French Revolution.
What Britain accomplished j by slow
degrees, running through several centuries, France brought about in the
great revolution of 1789-93, The absolutism of the church and the nobility
was broken and the last' remnants were
swept into the discard during the century following. Prance is fully abreast,
if not considerably in ndvance, of Great
Britain ns a constitutional state. In
both countries the divino right of rulers
has long since been classified ns a joke.
So much for the two mnin combatants
*~  Western Europe.
Twentieth Century Feudalism.
Germany   and   Austria-Hungary   are
almost as completely feudal today as
they were two hundred years ago.   The
governing clnsa in either of them is the
junker   or   land-holding   class.     The
titular head of each is a profound believer in the divine right of kings nnd,
in consequence of this, their rule is an
absolutism that remains   undiluted   in
spite of all parliamentary powers supposed   to  be  vested   in   reichstags  or
other elected bodies.   There is no government, outside of the autocrat'  upon
the throne.   Prior to the war the people,
of theso countries and   the   world  nt!
largo wero deluded into believing that
the parliaments of these    lands    hnd
something to say and do about the matter of governing.    From advices that
have reached the outside one learns that
no such pretense   is   longer  mnde  in
either  country.    The mask   has   been
thrown nside nnd a feudalism as bloodthirsty and moro ruffianly thnn during
the middle ages, struts the stage in a
drunken frenzy of goro and slaughter.
That thiB feudalism is more ruffianly
nnd deadly thon its prototype of two
or three centurieB ago, is due to the
fact  that this twentieth century survival is equipped with an enginery of
slaughter infinitely more efficient and
horrible    than     anything     previously
known.     It   is   a   feudalism   of   the
eighteenth century armed with twentieth century machinery of devastation
and1 butchery.   The absolute power of
a war lord who rules by divine right,
coupled up with the modern machinery
of human slaughter and n»*rifl/.<» »«!».-
Two Looal Branches Have Amal
gamated, With Over 400
*• Union of Vancouver is in a
class by itself. It is able to report
improved trade condtions and pro-
press all along the line. At the
outbreak of the war the C. P. R.
Empress liners were pulled off the
Oriental run, with disastrous results to local wharfmen. But with
increased shipping at this port and
the return of the liners the membership is well over the 400 mark,
and nearly back to the old S00
point prior to the big strike, whieh ,
eventually resulted ia union agreements covering the entire waterfront.
Two Locate Amalgamated.
Another move which has made
for solidarity and a better understanding all round is that the lumber handlers, hitherto members of
a separate branch, 30-57, have surrendered (heir charter and amalgamated with the cargo handlers, embraced in branch 3S-52. ThiB has
enabled the stronger organization
to place another business agent on
the job, in the person of Mr. P.
Sinclair, who will now assist Mr.
Thos. Nixon in looking after the
interests of the membership.
Pacific Coast Convention Hay 1.
Local 38, Pacific Coast District
of the I, L. A., will hold a convention at Seattle, opening next
Monday, May 1st. This local embraces all the waterfront organizations from Juneau, Alaska, to San
Diego, Cal., and all of them will
be represented. Indeed the San
Francisco branch, with a membership of some' 5000, will have no less
than thirty delegates present—for
reasons that will be made manifest
when the convention meets. Messrs.
H, Howard and P. Sinclair will
represent the Vancouver branch.
I our W.QQ )
$1.60 PER YEAR
Executive Council of Trades and Labor Congress of Can*
ada Puts the Question Squarely Up to Members
of Organized Labor for a Decision
The Milk Wagon Drivers' union
presented a working agreement to
the local dairy owners a few days
ago, and the union's scale committee has been busy since negotiating
with several of the larger concerns,
with encouraging results. Only one
flat refusal to sign up with the
union has been met with bo far. A
complete list of tho union-operated
dairies will be published by The
Federationist next week, along with
tho salient provisions of the new
agreement. In the meantime union
men can assist the Milk Wagon
Drivers' union by insisting upon
the delivery of milk at their homes
by union men, who wear the button for the currrent term.
It's queer how convinced one can
be just before he goes to bed that one
is smoking too, much, and how utterly
at variance one's opinion on that subject Ib about two minutes after having
had a cup of Jnv' in the morning.
human slaughter and sacrifice, makes
it possible to stage a display of the
noble art of murder upon such an awe-
inspiring scale that the performances of
ancient feudal rulers appear aa petty
and childish affairs in comparison. The
Teuton empires have never thrown off
the feudal yoke. The revolutionary
epoch of 1848 passed with little more
than a feeble flash io the pan, as far aa
Central Europe was concerned. These
empires are at least one hundred years
behind their western antagonists in
political development.
Russia and Turkey.
All the remaining countries of
Europe, except Russia and Turkey, i
are under constitutional governments,
more or less advanced along democratic
lines. That Turkey is allied with the
Teutonic powers is partly due to that
affinity tbat brings birds of a feather
together and partly to the efficacy of
President James Taylor Says the
Capital Oity Unionists Are
"Coming Back"
* Victoria Trades and Labor Council
and an active member-official of the
Typo, union of the Capital City, was
a week-end visitor in Vancouver. Mr.
Taylor took advantage of his visit hore
to renew a number of old acquaintances
in the printorial world, aa well as discuss with a number of Labor Temple
union officers various matters affecting
Labor interests in British- Columbia.
Since assuming the duties of president
of the Capital City central labor body
Mr. Taylor has succeeded in organizing
a few live committees to look after the
various trndes and legislative duties of
that body. Among these committees
is one to endeavor to again "inter-i
nationalize" the employees of the Silver Springs Brewery and have them
cast in their lot with the employees of
the Victoria-Phoenix Brewery. Already
encouraging negotiations have been
opened up and Mr. Taylor seems confident the wholo unpleasant controversy
will Boon be a closed incident.
Mr. Taylor says that next Sunday
the Typo, union over the Gulf will have
up the new scale for discussion, the
old scale expiring at the end of May.
Tlie proposal of the publishers and employing job printers for a "war" reduction hns already been turned down.
Another matter the Typos, will have up
for consideration is the question oi re-
affiliating with tho B. C, Federation of
An ndjourned meeting of the central
labor body was scheduled for last Wednesday, for the specific purpose of fully
discussing the provisions of tho new
Workmen's Compensation bill.
Mr. Taylor ia a brother of tho Hon.j
Thomas Taylor, minister of education.!
who has represented tne Revelstoke rid
ing for many years.
B. C's New Compensation Act.
The proposed B. C. Workmen's Compensation Act seems to be about thi
best that has over been ndopted h.
Canada, and probably in America. It is
founded upon thc Ontario net, which is
very complete and thorough, and seems
to bc an improvement to it. Tho Alberta government would do well to
make a careful study of tho B. C. legislation for the purposo of introducing
similar legislation next session. The
Alberta Workmen's Compensation Act
is not up to date.—Calgary Albertan.
After a man has posed for a cynic
for a few years he begins to think too
little of his neighbors and too much
of himself."
«1«0 PREVENT ANYTHING that 'savors of conscription'
1 are you prepared, if every other means should fail, to use
the most effective and almost the only weapon within your
reach? Are you prepared to use the same weapon that was
used effectively in Belgium to secure legislative concessions;
by the Welsh miners against the Munitions Act being made to
apply to them; and by other organisations to insure protection
for their members? Or, should occasion require it, are you prepared to simply register a protest?"
Unions Are in Open Revolt
Against Parliamentary
Reactionaries  .
thc trade unionists of Canada this week by the executive couneil
of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada. "Think calmly, reflect
carefully and reply Nearly," is the further admonition of President
J. C. Watters, who signs the circular on behalf of the Congress. The
questions leave little room for ambiguous platitudes or phrasemongering. They call for a clear-cut declaration of policy, with a
fixed determination to enforce whatever position is taken by Organized Labor. There has been no stutter in the position taken by the
trades unionists of Great Britain. They will have none of it. And
in Australia the same question has started a miniature revolution in
the Labor world, which will result in tho dethronement of a number
of Labor parliamentarians before the issue is cleared away. What is
to be the answer of Organized Labor in Canada t
(Continued on pige 4)
SUNDAY, April 30—Typographical union,
MONDAY, May 1—Boilermakers;
Electrical Workers No. 213;
Brewery Workers; Tailors.
TUESDAY, May 2—Carpenters;
Cigarmakers; Bailway Firemen.
WEDNESDAY, May 3 —Press
Feeders; Plasterers; Tile Layers.
THURSDAY, May 4—Garment
Workers; Trades and Labor
FRIDAY, May 5—Railway Carmen; Letter Carriers.
Wheels Within Wheels.
That thore are things going on at
Ottawa < of which the membership of
unions affiliated with the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada are not
aware is patent to anyone with a glass
eye and a cork one. That the federal
government is at least considering some
form of conscription is the only inference to be drawn from the circular.
That there haa been no full meeting
of the executive board of the Congress
since the Vancouver convention is well
known, but it must be presumed that
Vice-president Watchman has been consulted. That there should be such a
meeting without delay, and the pronouncement of the last convention adhered to until another convention.passes
judgment is tho only reasonable and
logical position for the executive council. That tbe affiliated bodies should
and will immediately and unhesitatingly affirm the action of their delegates
at the Vancouver convention on this
subject is obviously the only position
they can take and remain true to themselves.
The OfficMU Circular.
The official "ircular reads:
Office of tbe President.
Ottawa, April 20th, 1916.
Statement re request of the Canadian
National Service league for national registration.
"To the officers and members of affiliated organizations:
"Follow Workers: Several days ago
a large deputation, representing recruiting leagues, interviewed the prime
minister, Sir R. L. Borden, and presented a memorial, it is understood,
calling for some form of conscription
beginning with u national registration
and working out the same method as
adopted in Great Britain. At a conference of these representatives, held
while they were in Ottawa, birth was
given to 'The Canadian National Service League.' The honorary president
is given as Chief Justice Mather, Winnipeg; chairman, John M. Godrey; secretary, Dr. Albert H. Abbot, Toronto.
The purpose of the association iH to 'to
promote any form of national service
which the need of the hour may demand.'
"Whilst there is no reason to believe
thnt the prime minister or the government havo any intention of giving effect to the wishes of the deputation
referred to, it is considered well by tho
Congress executive, nevertheless, to be
propared for any emergency that may
result from the activity of 'The Canadian National Service League.'
"To that end your attention is drawn
to Section 4, of the executive's report
to the   Vnncouver   convention—which
was    unanimously   adopted—the    concluding paragraph of which reads:
" 'For   these,    amongst   many
other valid reasons, this convention
of the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, registers its unchangeable opposition to all tbat savors
of conscription, either here or within the Empire.'
"It is highly desirable to know,
therefore, whether this pronouncement
meets with the approval of your union,
und if so, to what extent are you prepared to give effect to the same, should
occasion require itf
"To prevent anything that 'savors
of conscription' aro you prepared, if
every other means should fail, to use
the most effective and almost the only
weapon within your roach t
"Are you prepared to use the same
weapon that was used effectively in
Belgium to secure legislative concessions; by the Welsh miners agninst thc
munitions act boing made to apply to
them; and by othor organizations to
insure protection for their members!
Or, should occasion require it, arc you
prepared to simply register a protest!
"Think calmly, reflect carefully and
reply early."
For Executive Council.
Modern Christian Tribunal
Remembreth Not Jesus
and Pilate.
"This War Is Eastern
Its Origin and
. , [ByW.M-Cl.. -..., a
" things about Christianity, and
God, these dnys.    Here is tbe latest,
from tlie Bishop of Chelmsford: "It
ecoms ns if God is sitting on the fence.
, . . , God has his politics. We
have now got to get God out of the
dilemma, and make it possible for Him
to give us the victory." The worthy
bishop seems bent upon out-kaisering
the kaiser, und wresting his "Me und
Gott" laurels from him. That outlandish heathen, Bob Ingeraoll, would
never have thought of indulging in such
blasphemy as this. But then, tbis is a
civilized age, my brethren.
As to "Conscientious Objectors.
Mr. Lloyd George, otherwise known to
fame as Wee Keekurafunny, tho munitions manufacturer from Wales, when
talking about the conscientious objectors to warfare the other day, suggested
that they be put building barbed-wire
fences between the combatants. It is
not so many years ago that L. G. was
a strong conscientious objector to fighting Germany himself, as witness tbis
speech mnde in the Queen's Hall, London, on 28th July, 1908: "Suppose we
had here a possible combination which
would lay us open to invasion—supposo
Germany and France, or Germany and
Russia, or Germany and Austria, had
fleets which in combination would be
stronger than ours. Would not wo be
frightoned, would not we build, would
not we arml Of course wc should,
want our friends, who think that, bc>
cause Germany is a little frightened
she really means mischiof to us, to remember that she is frightened for a
reason whioh would frighten us under
the same circumstances." If L. G.
were true to his salt, he would bo out
defending the conscientious objectors
who did not change their spots overnight. But, then, a frightened politician is blood-brother to the weather-
Days of "Liberty and Freedom.'
Want Initial Aims of Movement Restored and
Adhered To.
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S: W., April 3.—(Special B. C. Federationist Correspond-
i.)—Much has been said in these
columns regarding the rot that appears
to have set in in Australia among the
political Labor bodies. Thns it comes
as a healthy sign to note that at last
several sections of Australian Labor
are awakening to the fact that a more
militant prosecution of Labor principles
is necessary. The new movement, for
thus it is, began in the state of Victorii
during the last week of February! whei
nearly thirty industrial unions met U
conference to initiate a more of a fo*
ward character for the more militant
prosecution of the fundamental prln
ciplea for which the1 Labor party—industrial and political—stands in Australia. The conference of unions assembled expressed the opinion that the
time was ripe for a forward lead in
the Labor movement, nnd that all onions
desirous |>f militant and progressive action, making for emancipation from
wage-slavery, should so organise as to
constitute themselves guardians of basic
working-class interests, and therefore
should form a loose fraternity of members, united and pledged to do collectively what is now being done spasmodically and without arrangement,
lending too often to defeat and confusion.
Declaration of Policy.
It was decided that the unions represented should use every endeavor to
establish a militant wing within the
movement for the purpose of compelling
recognition of the principles of the
It was also urged that the Tradei
and Labor councils be urged to mil
power to call a general strike ihonj
conscription become law, by proelama
tion under the War Precautions Alt
and that a committee should be formed
to lay tbe matter before tho unions of
The conference also urged that workers should watch the attitude of Lahor
members, at present in power*, towards
conscription, so that when election time
came for tho next parliament, the proper remedy should be availed of—that
of refusing election to such parliamentarians.
Demand a Say In Settlement.
It was also decided to approach the
federal government, to secure tho transmission of tbe following message
throughout tho world: "That this conference, representing 100,000 organized
wage-workers of Australia, Bends fraternal greetings to organized workers
in every country, and implores them to
take simultaneous action to force their
respective governments to openly pronounce themselves upon tbe terms of
peace and the time of negotiation."
Room for Militant Minority.
It is time some such action was taken,
and if this matter is followed up, it
means tbat the workers of Australia will
have a chance to show their hands,
since they hold the real key to the
situation, if they choose to use it, that
is, the power of stating who will be
thc selected candidate for the future
parliaments of Australia, If parliamentarians are told, should their action be
in favor of conscription, they will be
turned out in thc cold politically, it will
compel them to think twice before they
act. Altogether the move in a healthy
one, and will mean much to Australia,
so far ns the future outlook   is  con*
Mr. W. E. Thompson Succeeds W, E.
Denning for Prince Rupert District.
With the resignation of Mr. W. E.
Denning, Prince Rupert, as a member
of the executive board of the B. C. Federation of Labor, the central labor body
of the northern terminal city has recommended the appointment of Mr. W.
E. Thompson. This request has been
complied with, advises Sec.-Treas. A, S.
Wells, Victoria,   A complete list of the
S resent officers of the Federation will
e found in the union directory Ust on
page 2.
Here arc a few specimens from the
tribunals being held to judge upon
conscientious objectors:
At Beaton Dolavnl. Chairman—You
have a conscientious objection! Applicant—Yes. Chairman—Would you enter non-combatant service! Applicant-
No. Chairman—You nre liable to be
shot if you refuse!
At Harrow, the science ami mathematical master, who appealed as a conscientious objector, was told he "should
be put across someone's kneo and
At Shaw, near Manchester, a con
scientious objector, n man of high scion
tific attainments, engaged in research
work by the Manchester corporation,
and invited by tho British Association
to engage in resenrch work, was told by
a member of the tribunal that ho wns
"n shivering piece of unwholesome
fat." These be days of liberty, freedom and extreme civility, in fact, civilization!
Before a "Christian" Tribunal.
There is nothing betrays more the
simple faith of many of the people of
Great Britain these days than the fnct
that tbey plead Christianity before the
tribunals ns a reason for exemption
from warfare. Evidently, they believe
that thc members of the tribunal—who
are chiefly church members, and very
often ministers—are influenced by the
teachings of Christ, They forget that
Christ's teachings are open to two opposing interpretations; and the interpretation of official Christianity these
days is based upon the saying, "I came,
not to bring peace, but a sword," as an!
The International Association of Machinists is taking a referendum vote on
the question of an assessment of $1 in
May and $1 in Juno from each member. The membership should not only
vote these assessments, but Bhould vote
nsBessbients for thc creation of a large
reserve fund, because they will surely
need it after thc close of the European
war, says tbe Labor Clarion. Employers are ccrtuin to fight to restore the
conditions that prevailed before tho war
and if the machinists, as well as tie
other iron trades, arc not prepared to
maintain their conditions then they will
lose them. They can afford assess*
ments now. Later they may not bo
in such n happy position. A word to
thc wise should be sufficient.
Generally the Real Motive.
"I want a man who doesn't smoke
or drink."
"Whnt nre the wages!"
"Six dollars a week."
"Guess you want a man who doesn't
eat, eithor."
objector was tersely told at Sandown.
Bible students will recall a somewhat
similar situation between Jesus and
Pilate, But now the situation is reversed. Official Christianity now sits
on tho bench. Other days, other manners!
Cause WIU Be Devulged Later.
The Manchester Guardian will soon be
in the samo trouble that tbe Times got
into when it derided the idea that
Britain entered the war solely because
of Belgium. In its isaue of 4th ult. ita
military correspondent declares, "TUe
war, it con not be too often repeated.
is Eastern in Hs origin and motive."
With a little patience, persenreraaee
and sweet oil, we will find out after a
while, what did cause the rumpus! PAGE TWO
FRIDAY April 28, 1016
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Reserve land   	
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Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Forming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Actual Settlers—
TERMS—Residence on tho land
for at least three yoorsj improvements to the extont of $5 per
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For furthor information apply to
Published every Friday morning Dy the B. O.
Federatlonist, Limited
Offlce:   Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7496
Subscription:    $1.50 per year; In Vancouver
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'Unity of Labor: tlie Hope of the World'
.April 28, l!)l(i
ALMOST WITHOUT exception tho
columns of the Labor und socialist publications reaching us
are replete with howls    and    protests
experience with civilization. He was
the undisputed owner of this continent
up to the arrival of the white man with
his industrial arts and social concepts.
Tho Indian could not assimilate the
white man's civilization. It marked
countless thousands of years of growth
und development in advance of his own.
Aa he could not assimilate he had to
succumb. The law of growth is onward und upward, not backward. Ho
could no more pull the advanced civilization of the white man down- to the
level of his own, than he could conquer
the white man ut tho game of killing,
with his bow and arrow ugainst the
settlers' flintlock. Let our disturbed
ones rest assured that unless our Mexican neighbors, within the near future,
manifest some disposition and ability to
allay their passions and arrange to
comport themselves, and conduct their
national affairs, in close conformity
with the general   code   of   procedure
ailed forth by the action of the United  followed by civilized states, in matte
not for any class of tho people.
Clean, newsy and bright—a newB*
paper you can trust. THE SUN
upholds the principle of government by the people.
KEEP IN TOUCH witb tho
news of tho day by rending THE
SUN. i
Subscription Bates.
By carrier 10c per week, or (5
per year in advance, in Vancouver
or Vicinity. ,
By mall, 25c. per month, or $3
per year throughout Canada,
Oreat Britain and all countries
within the Postal Union. United
States, SOo. per month.
States authorities in
ON MINDING sending an armed
OUR OWN forco    into    Mexico.
BUSINESS. The  publications  re
ferred to are those
doming to us from thc United States.
Of course tho howls ami protests are,
al least ostensibly put forth because it
is assumed that the action of the governmental authorities is something akin
to a gross invasion of the rights of a
people to conduct their own national
or tribal affairs in such a manner as
best suits their peculiar taste or fancy.
Any disposition upon the part of an
outside authority to in nny manner in-
terfer therewith, is immediately denounced by those who plainly see, at
least to their own satisfaction, an evil
intent in every act of those who may be
entrusted with authority in present day
civilization. These howlers, it appears
to us, fail to attune their howla to
anything, even in the least particular,
bearing any relation to rhyme or reason, and furthermore we believe they
are, us a rule, laying themselves open
to tho suspicion of poking their noses
into that which is none of their business.
* *       *
We all know enough about Mexican
history, during recent years to make us
feel reasonably sure that conditions of
tranquility and peace have been an unknown quantity there for somo years.
From whnt wo have been able to learn
tlie condition of the poon during the
Diaz regime was uot an enviable one,
to say the least. That lie was held in
.submission to intense und cruel exploitation we muy be certain. But ns
bad as was tho Diaz regime, there was
still maintained, harshly perhaps, at
least some semblance of order, some
sort of tranquility and peace. It may
have been the tranquility nnd peace
that was positively intolerable, such as
our own forebears Mere at onc time
forced to endure nt tho hands of their
rulers. But even so, theso were con
dltiona which could not and cannot bo
remedied in any other manner than that
followed by our forefathers in the long
ago and which we, of the Labor world,
are following at this day. A steady and
persistent forcing of our class ambitions
and aspirations for a fuller und freer
lifo into the very teeth of our constitutional enemy, tho master class of.all
lands aud all climes. No reversion to
the anarchy of prehistoric man will
avail. No killing of ruling class ruffian, looting thoir estates and destroy-
ng their authority without substituting
another, will suffice. Aud besides all
thut, no people are qualified, or can be
qualified, to supplant the tyranny of
capitalist proporty with tho freedom of
man,, except n peoplo that has been
trained in that school of industrial and
social experience that hus brought that
type     of     property    to   its     pros-
nt stage of development and of which
it is the vory breath and life.
* *       *
That long procession of revolutions,
so-called, that havo wended or aro still
wending their way along the pathway
of Mexican history, have brought freedom and relief no nearer to thc Mexican
pooplo than was thc case under the Diaz
regime. In fact they are farther away
than ever, beeuuse the semblance of order that then prevailed, und which might
have been shaped to case tho burdens
pressing so heavily'upon the peon, has
been destroyed and chaos reigns in its
stead. It is no long journey for the
Mexican back to the wild and primitive |
savago'ry of his Indian ancestry. It is
inconceivable that he could lift himself and his uilhappy land out of tho
present confusion und chaos and establish anything that would pass muster
anr.-ng civilized nations. We moan by
that, any governmont or authority
under which the processes of industry,
proporty nnd trado amy proceed with
tho same safety and security as in the
other capitalist nations of tho earth.
We may vent our spleen by asserting1
that capitalist nations aro merely
bands of robbers, each seeking whom it
may devour, but it will not alter the
fact that the civilization expressed
therein is tho dominant type or social
organization on earth today and by that
token tho highest. Slowly but surely
tho moro backward typos are forced to
grow into the higher civilization, either
by development from within or prossurc
from without. Those which cannot, or
will not, move forward in response to
tho pressure of tho civilizing influence,
will bo ns ruthlessly exterminated aB
weeds in a furmer's garden.
* * *
Thoy who are so much concorned over
iniquities boing honpod -Upon tho Mexicans by the Unitod States govornment,
might acquire some understanding of
the futility of howls and protests aB a
means of preventing the growth and development of human socioty, by reading
up on the American   Indian   and   his
relating to property, industry und
trade, the United States, or some other
competent power, will step into their
country and arrange, theso matters for
them. It may further be remarked,
that the only alternative to the civilizing process is extermination. And
that is not a matter to cause howls of
protest or bring forth tears of sympathy. It is tho dictum of growth and
lifo. Adopt nnd assimilate or perish.
•   *       *       #
What howls of protest ascended to
high heaven whon the United States
went into Cuba. All tho invective and
I'cnom in Btock was poured out upon the
government and those interests at
whoso instigation it was said to have
beea done. Yet Cuba wns cleared of
Spanish ruling class rubbish that belonged to u. past age and her people
wore ushered into a governmental regime up to date. And then she was
loft to paddle her own caaoo. Once
since then she got into a tangle and
tho United States extricated her therefrom and left her oaco again to depend
upon herself. The Philipines wero
treated in much the sumo wny, the degree of harshness of such treatment,
being, presumably, determined by the
necessities of the case, in each instance.
The Philipines are to bc turned loose
upon their own national account in the
not distant future. It will bo a mercy
to the Mexicans, if some competent
power does eome to their aid by stepping in and saving them from themselves by either civilizing or exterminating them. The latter seems to be
the only chance they havo if left to
*       *       *
If the invasions and conquest of
Mexico is, as wo infer, merely an incident in the development of a civilized
society, from the more ancient and
primitive forms, then whut is there to
make u fuss about? If it is morely a
capitalist scheme of conquest and
plunder, as so many of tho howlers
affirm, what business is it of ours anyway? Have we so little to do in the
way of effecting our own escape from
the meshes of capitalist exploitation at
home, that we must needs expend our
energy in howling iu protest against
every logical und inevitable move that
caputilists makes, as though these
moves wore cunning deviltries maliciously concocted by evil persons for use
upon occasions especially favorable for
the practice of damnable infamies
against the meek and lowly? Can we
not see that if we expend ull of our
effort, as working-class rebels against
the master class of our own country,
in stripping that class of tho power to
longer rule and rob us, that we are
not only attending to our own business, but, incidentally, doing more to
aid struggling Mexicans and others
than nil tho howling we are doing now?
A little closer attention to our own business und Iosb time spent in howling
about contemplated capitalist schemes
elsewhere, would bring more satisfactory results.   Let us try it.
the acquiescence of President Watters,
is dangerously near tho point of industrial conscription'and no effort should
be spared to have the matter put right.
Perhaps ii\ Labor unions affiliated with
the Congress were consulted a little
oftcner and taken into the confidence
of thc executive council from time to
time, there would be fewer blunders of
this kind. The circular letter published
elsewhere in this isBue indicates that
some such courso has been adopted—
and it is probably uot yet too late to
remedy tho threatening menace.
* * *
lastead of attempting to justify the
action of tho governmont and taking
tho '' it-is-uot-mine-to-commcut'' position President Watters must make up
his mind to got out und fight side by
side with tire Machinists and othors
who aro immediately and vitully interested. Organized labor will stand for
no side-stepping and soft-pedalling. The
issue is plain. Presidont Watters is at
Ottawa, whore the wheels go round.
If ho doesn't know what is going on
he should. Lot him keep the membership informed as to just how things
stand, and thero will bo no doubt of
the outcome.   Lot there bo light.
N  A  CAREFULLY prepared  statement, sent out' by the Associated
ProBs service from Ottawa, President Watters of the Trades und Labor
Congress of Canada is quoted as being
"in fnvor of tho use
WHAT of tho Industrial pis-
IB putcs     Investigation
GOING ON? Act   us   against   tho
proposed fair wnge
board iu munition work." This on the
ground that "an award made by such a
board must b.e accepted by both parties
Irrespective * of the justice or equity of
such an award. An award made by u
board appointed under the Lemieux Act,
on the contrary, leaves free to bo accepted or rejected."
*       #       #
All of which is merely drawing a red
herring across tho issue. What tho
trade unionists of Canada wanted was
the insertion of a "fuir wago" clause
in all contracts for war supplies, with
a board commissioned to sec that the
provisions of tho contracts wero carried out to the letter. This tho federal
govornment refused to accede to. And
on top of that it otxoadcd tho scope of
tho Industrial Disputes Act to include
munition factories, so that the employees should bo tied to their posts,
irrespective of conditions for a sufficient period tp permit tho employers to
secure scabs, while tho omployers, ng
usual, will do as thoy blame woll chooBe
If the govornmont had no right to
interforo with tho "imperial" authorities in the matter of fixing wages and
working conditions it certainly had no
right to extend tho provisions of thc
Lemleux measure to prevont the workers striking if they founjjf it necessary.
*'     *      *
The action of the governmont, and
THE PRODUCER of wealth, under
the present system of property,
is decidedly the most guileless
and unsophisticated good thing that
ever yet rambled down the turnpike of
time. If he works
for wages ho throws
hiB chest out on pay
day and assumes tho
lofty swagger of
buccaneer, because he is a "free" laborer, one who gets paid for what he
does, the proof of which ho carries in
his pocket in the shape of a week's
pay check for $13,50, «ome times more
und moro times less. While he has a
job and the puy is sufficient to keep
his stomach tame aad his hide from
frost bite, he can strut around arrayed
ia the most brazen counterfeit of independence and affluence, imaginable.
The haughty abandon with which he
will accomplish the incineration of a
five cent stinkadero, could scarce be
duplicated by a scion of nobility equipped with the choicest and most costly
havana. When out of a job he soon
comes down from his lofty perch of
independence and affluence. As the
accumulated plunder that he hus gathered into his coffers during the days
of steady work and high wages, melts,
away to nothingness, he takes on a
"lean nnd hungry'* and hunted look.
He no longer makes reckless purchase
of high priced stinkaderos, but, upon
occasion, hns been known to "shoot
snipe" along the pathway trod by those
who bum sacrifices at the shrino of
'' Lady Nicotine.'' Soon, or even
sooner, he becomes the meekest, the
tamest, the sorriest looking apology for
a "free man," that could be conjured
up. He would oy.cn yet, be as happy
as a lark if he could only realize what
an intensely comic figure he cuts. A
"free man," a "citizen," a "sovereign," the "equal of a king," and
busted at that. That he is blissfully
unconscious of the ■ humorous incon-
jgruity of a "freo man," a "citizen,"
a "sovereign," the "equal of a king,"
being broke, jobless and hungry, in
sight of plenty, is whnt makes his
plight   so  excruciatingly  mirth-provok-
* *        *
Tho working farmer is another
case in point. We moan the chap who
either works his own land with his own
tools and stock, or works laud rented
or hired from others. He is the small
farmer, who hires very little, if any,
abor, but conducts his operations by
means of his own labor and that of his
family. This type of small farmer constitutes the vast majority of farmers
upon this Continent. This chap feels
his importance because of two fact's.
He is a proprietor. He, therefore, does
not work for wages and can, justifiably,
look down upon the wage worker. Being a proprietor ho has stoady employment, which again places Wm in a position superior to that of tho plebion
toiler who depends upon dodging death
by having a job. The small farmer.'s
steady employment, however, seems to
seldom bring him any greater recompense during the year, than comes to
the outright wage worker. On what ho
raises upon his farm and ho and his
family consumes, he suffers no exploitu
tion. In so far as that goes ho gathers
unto himself thc full product of his toil.
But as to what lie is compelled to turn
into the market tho caso is different.
The market is a thing over which he
has no control. Its circumstances and
conditions are beyond his influence and
his ken. To mako a long story short,
he workB tho year round steadily and
of ton-times long hours. His wife and
such children as aro old enough, do
likewise and when ho figures up at Ihe
ond of tho year he finds that hu ib
very fortunate if he is able to come
out even, after all his exponses havo
beon puid. In other words tho year's
earnings of the smnlj/ farmer and his
family nro, upon the average, equal to
tho cost of koeplng the farmer and hi
# *       *
The average yoarly wageB of
a wago workor and his family are tho
same. The labor power of a worker and
his family is a commodity that is sold
in tho market, just liko any other com
modity. Liko all other commodities,
this commodity, labor power, exchanges
in the murkot with other commodities
according to thoir relative cost of production, That is to say, that if the
amount of food, clothing, shelter and
other necessaries requisite to charge
the carcase of a workingman with the
amount of energy required to perform
one day's work, thot amount of energy
--termed one day'B labor power—would
be equal, in exchange value, to the
aforesaid amount of food, clothing,
shelter, etc. The seller of th e commodity, labor power, can make no profit in selling. Ho can only get, upon
tho average, tho cost of its production,
back again. This, in turn, he can con-
sumo in tho production of another duy's
lubor-pow'or to be again sold upon the
sumo terms. In this way he can repeat
the process until his folicitious oper-
ntions are interfered with by sickness,
old ago, death, or the loss of his job.
The farmer's caso is exactly the same
as that of the wage earner, with the
exception that he stands less risk of
losing his job. But' he works for wages,
as docs his follow slave of industry,
only his wage servitude is hidden be-
'hind the mask of his property rights
in land and tools. These blind him to
the real facts of his exploitation and
lead him to believe himself in a class
apart from tho wage earner.
* * *
It must bo patent to every one that
the wage of the workers must be paid
out of tho products of tho workers
themselves; whether tho workor is a
farmer or a wage worker, makes no
difference. To put it moro broadly, tho
wago of the workers is paid oirt of the
products they bring forth by their labor.
As tho average wage can only be equal
to tho average cost of producing tho
labor power expended, the averago
wage is merely tho average keep of a
worker. To simplify matters it
might be said that by means of his
wages, the worker morely boards himself. Now it is a well known fact that
the overage worker can accumulate
nothing. As'thc average wago is but
equivalent to the average keep of the
worker, this requires no furthor explanation. Thc conclqsion then reached
is that the workors work for nothing
and board themselves. That is pretty
bad but the worst is yet to como.
Capitalist industry brings to its owners
and masters an enormous stream of
revenue. That is what these worthy
capitalists get for nothing. It cannot,
however, be gotten from nothing. It
can come only from the source whence
comes the workers' stipend termed
wages. It comes from the sole source
of all exchange values. It comes from
the wealth produced by tho workers.
It is what romains after thc workers
have paid thoir own wages. Then we
arrive at this final and most startling
conclusion. The workers not only work
for nothing and board themselves, but
they pay to their capitalist masters an
onormous sum for the privilege of doing
so, Did we hoar some one muko reference to "easy marks," "rubes" and
other "good things?" Throw him out.
There never was but one really genuine
"good thing"' on earth. That is tho
wago slave. To him the credit that is
his due. Capitalist civilization could
not bo wore it not for his weak head
and strong back. Work for nothing,
board himself and pay for tho privilege.
Well, if that isn't the limit!
Westminster Trust Co.
Head Office: New Westminster, B.C.   .
Managing Director Secretary-Treasurer
Houses, Bungalows, Stores and modern suites for rent at a big reduction. Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at $2.60 up. Wills draws up free
of charge. Doposits accepted and interest at Four per cent, allowed on
daily balances.
iu minimi convontion in Junuiiry. ISxoe-
utivc. officers, 1910-17: President, .las. 11. Mc-
Vnty; vicu'P'i'osidouts — Vnncouver, John
Brooks, E, Morrison; Victoria, C. Slvert?.;
Now Westminster, W. Yntos; Prince Rupert,
\V. E, Thompson, V, 0. Bus ids; RokbIiuhI,
11. A. Stewart) District 28, I). Mi W. of A.
(Vancouver Inland), .)>'. Hud: District is,
U. II. W, of A. (Crow's Nost Valley), A. .1.
Cartel-. Heeivlury-Ireawiircr, A. M. Wells, i\
t). Bos 1588, Victoria, B. C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meets Jlrst nnd third WednoBdny,
Labor hull, 1424 Government Btreet, nt 8
p. in. President, (J. Taylor; secrelary. I\
Koldrldgo, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
.May tho First ia International Labor
Day, set aside by the workers as tho
duy upon which they would meet in all
lauds, for tho purpose of extending fraternal greetings throughout the world;
renewing their pledges of faith in the
final triumph of Labor in tho conflict
between master class and slave classj
and reconsecrating themselves to the
solidarity of Labor und its ultimntc victory. Its observance, more especially in
European iountrics, has boen marked by
imposing gatherings and demonstrations,
down to quite recent times. It is a
most painful reflection that millions of
these European workmon whb havo so
joyously and earnestly participated in
these "Slay Day" expressions of La'
bor's growing consciousness and
strength, are now so buBily engaged in
murdering each other, in obedience to
their muster's bidding, that the only
cause on earth worth lighting for and
dying for, will bo, by them, forgotton on
this coming First of Mrfy. Is it possible
thnt the slave's first consideration is always lo be his master's business, rather
than his own?
of America, local 784,  Now Westminster
Meets second Sunday of eaoh month at 1:80
p.m.    Secretnry, F. W. Jameson, Box 496.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, ln
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terlrtory, tho Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an aere. Not
moro than 2,560 acres will be leased to one
applicant, *
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant in person to the Acent or Sub-Agent
of the district in whloh the rights applied
for are sltuatod.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and In ansurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the applicant himself.
Each application most bo accompanied by
a fee of IS, which will be refunded if the
rights applied for are rto» available but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mint at the rate
of five eents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall fur-
nlsh the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and nny the royalty thereon. If
the ooal mining rights are not being operated,
snch returns should bo furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, but tho lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at tbe rata or 810 an ton.
For full Information application should ba
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80690
ilrat and third Thursduys. Exocutive
hoard: Juiuoa H. McVety, president; B. P
I'ottipioco, vice-president; Helena Gut*
toridge, general aeeretary, 210 Labor Temple!
Frod Knowlos, treaaurer; W. 11. Cotterill
statistician; sergeant-at-urius, John SullA A.
J. Crawford, Jus. Campbell, J. Brooks, true-
Meets   aeoond   Monday   in   tllo   month.
Presidont,  H.  J.   Bothol!   accretury   lt    H
Neelands, P. 0. Ilox flu.
BAKTIiNDEHS' LOCAL No. 070.—Offlce
Room 208 Labor Templo. Moots flrat
Sunday of each month. President, James
Campbell; financial secretary, H. Davis Box
424; phono. Sey. 4752; recording secrotary,
Wm. Mottishnw, Olobe Hotol, Main street
—MfiotB every 1st ood 3rd Tuesday
8 p.m., Room 807.   Presidont H. P. Wand*
corresponding socretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
S2L??wo1d WM*P,3f' •■■ ripoa; liuelnesl
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 215.
U. B. W. of A.—Moots flrat ond third Monday of each mouth, Room 302, Labor Temple
8 p.m. Preaident, Chos. A. ThomoBj secretary, Chas. G. Auetln, 782 Seventh avenue '
and Iron Ship Builders aud Helpers of
Amorica, Vancouvor Lodge No. 194—Meeti
flrat and third Mondays. 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 73 Seventeenth avenue weat*
seoretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street
PACIFIC—Moota at 437 Gore avenue evory
Tuesday,  7 p.m.    Russell Kearley,  business
moots room 200. Labor Tomple every
i'".",''"*;*, » l')»* 1'resident, D. W. iloliouglK
»6St   j.°woll   street;    recording    aeeretary
!? '  *i •»»••■'•" »gont,   k.  H.  Morrison.
Room 207, Labor Tomplo. """son,
Nm. RENNIE Co. Limite
1.18 HOMER ST.    •-    VANCOUVR
*^&> Of America etQxr
tbl,,t v,1?" . ■ °nl "°- ""--Meets first and
third Friday of each month, Labor Temple.
Presidont, E. C. Apploby; secretary, Cer,™
Harrison; business agent. John Sully, room
230 Labor Temple. All khorora invited to
.l.ll^°?IWAI""!S1'8S62' °»**». Association hall, 10 Powell street. Moots every
^ay,j :80p,m. Thomas Nixon, aecrotag
t uS '°1"'"1 *$*'*' " 6 Pro* President,
J. Mclvor; recording secretary, J. Brookes*
flnanclol_aecrctnry, J.J1. McVoty.       ■ '
M0VT™a,ri!tmiB MAChFnE OPErI
o  „T9E.?   0"IOJt,  Loca   348.,  I.  A   T
each  month,  Room   204,     Labor    Temple
A»nt4'SS ?•»?• "'O'-Ai BusK
Agent, t. J. Huttlcmayor; Financial and Cor-
Box MS     BMro,"r'' "' °* R<"-d*">. *-0.
AMERICA,—Vancouver and vicinity—
iranch meets second and fourth Mondays.
Room 205. Labor Temple. President, Ray
McDongnll, not Seventh avenuo west; llnan*
■•III secretary .1. Campbell, 4860 Argyle
,-,'S'v1""""'""1*' ••■WIMT, K. Westmoreland,
i.,l-   lew   etreet;   phone- BuyvUw  2flfl8L.
COUVER)    No.   09-Mects   second (T«...
■!& -!,';"'" "'""" 204* President, w. Bell
mi- \ine street; seoretnry-treasnror. E*
Waterman, 107 Georgia streot; recording
seeretary, W. Shannon,  1739-28th avenue
Vote against prohibition! Demand personal liborty in choosing what yon will drink.
Ask for this Labol when purchasing Beer,
Alo or Porter, as a guarantee that it is Un-
Ion Made. This ia onr Label
PL0YEE8, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Moots Labor Tomplo, second and fourth Wed*
SrtSS! 1, 2:30 S?4 8 »■">• President W.
B. Cotterill; recording aeeretary, Jas. E. Grlf.
An, 166 Twenty-flfth avenue east; fln.nelil
secretary and business agent, Prod A
Hoover, 2408 Clark drive.
. ,, AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meeting!
held flrat Tuesday ln each  month, 8 pm
M.i*.M§,''nS;'°f ' W"""msi vico*pr.,ldP.n™
Miss H. Outterldge; recording sec;, 0. McDonald, But 503; flnanolal secre ary H.
Xordland. P. 0. Box 50,1. "'      '
Moots last Sunday of each month at 2
p.m. President, R. Parm. Pettlplece; vice-
president, W. S. Metsger; secretary-treasurer.
R. H. Neelands, P. 0   Box 66.
A vory niurked chnnge ia noted in the
treatment necorded Pnrkor WillinmB by
UIb libenil friends nnd nllios since tlie
lute election. Up to tliot timo tlie. guileless Parker was tho recipient of a generous and f ulsontely applied doso of lint*
tory from all quarters of the liberal
camp. Ho was quoted most approvingly by the liberal press and his nagging
criticism of tho tory government was
heralded abroad as indisputable evi*
denco of tito robust qualities of statesmanship und shrewd political wisdom
ensoon.sed 'neath Parker's hat. Now it
is dill'erent. The chestnuts having been
pulled from the tire, neither tho monkey
nor the poker embody furthor utility
Parker's querulous heupooking of the
government is now. listened to by his
erstwhile iluttcrcrs with the utmost unconcern. Tho nearest approach to interest in his fretfulness, manifested by
his liberal colleagues, finds expression in
certain facial contortions upon tho part
of the liberal member from Vancouver,
which observers declare to bo strangely
suggestive of a supercilious sneer. But
evory turncoat who changes his apparel
undor suspicious circumstances will
ovontunlly receive recompense according
to his deserts.
Union-Operated Movies.
Vancouvor—Bijou, Colonial, Columbia, Crystal, Dominion, Dreamland,
Fairmont, Family, Globe, Grandview,
Kitsilano, Marjostic, Maplo Loaf, Orpho*
mn, Pontages, Princess, Star, Strand.
South Bill Palace of Varietios, South
Vancouver; ell thcatros in Victoria,
New Westminster aad Nanaimo; Empress theatre, Kamloops; Star theatre,
Non-union in Vancouver—Brondwny,
Fairview, Progress, Eex and Empire
theatre, North Vancouver.
Gas Range
May 8th to 13th
The uses of gas, especially during
the summer, when fires add to the
burdens of the household, are too
numerous to mention.
Are you prepared
for the warm weather by having a
complete gas installation in your
home? No fires to kindle; no duSt;
no worry.
Look out for the demonstration of
the household and industrial uses of
gas at our showrooms beginning.
Monday, May 8th
Carrall and Hastings Streets
1138 Granville St Near Davie
Phone Seymour
5000 FBIDAY...
..April 28, 1916
Because it measures up to
the highest standard is the
reason for the popularity
"The Beer]Without> Peer"
It appeals to you from the
first on account of its superior and delicious quality. Cascade not only refreshes but tones up the
system and does you real
good. Any dealer will
supply you with any quantity.
Pints $1.00 per dozen
Quarts  .$2.00 per dozen
the aa*^5 $
'* BREWER'**
"The Temperate Man's Drink"
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops,
and, incidentally, furnishes a living to
some forty odd brewery workers.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
On sale at all Liquor Stores in
is good for all men; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for some
men. The total abstainer haa no moro right to compel tho temperate
man to abstain by forco of law, than the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what' ho neither likes or chooses by forco of law.
Beer is tho temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
T. and L. Council Approve
Legislation to Protect
Wage Workers
The President Explains the
Medical Fund Clause at
Special Meeting
a T A  SPECIAL   MEETING, callod
A. for the purpose of considering tho
Workmen's Compensation Act, the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council on
Monthly evening went on record as
approving tho Act as now being considered by the legislature.
Del. Trotter, whose enquiry led to the
culling of the meeting, wus unable to
be present. Speaking for Mm} Del.
Wilton asked for an explanation of the
uHsi'rtsinen1, of wage-workers for the
■Wdical (lid fund. This tax of one cent
per day, lie said, was a return to the
poll tax policy. Organized Lubor had
not been consulted on tho matter. Had
it been, the clause would havo been
opposed. The medical uid fund should
be u charge on the industry.
Pres. McVety asked Del, Brooks, of
thc Machinists' union, to take the chair
and then replied to Del. Wilton. He
said that a medical" aid fund was
deemed advisable by all up-to-date
authorities on compensation acts, in
the United States the fund was generally covered either by a limit as to expenditure or period. In many places the
clause covering a medical fund had
been dropped from the compensation
legislation owing to differences of opinion between the employees and employers. Legislatures usually followed
the line of least resistance and dropped
contentious clnuses on which the interested parlies could not agree.
Legislation at Other Points.
The assessment in British Columbia
was one cent for each day a man
worked, not for every day in tke year,
so the poll tax analogy was not proper.
The Oregon act hud a Bimilar provision. In Nevada an assessment of $1
per month was made. In Washington
the employees objected in 1S)11 to the
medical fund clause. Two years later
an effort was mnde by the workers to
insert the clause but this was defeated.
A later effort of the employers was also
unavailing because of a veto.
In Ontario, where there was no medical aid fund, it was found that tbe
hospitals were compelling injured workmen to assign their compensation allowance for their hospital bills.
The question of the waiting period
and the medical n'.d fund were usually
interlocked. In Massachusetts there
was ,a two weel; waiting period nnd it
was found that this term covered nearly
80 per cent, of tho cases, while m Washington the term covered about 57 per
The British Columbia commission, in
preparing the act, decided that a medical aid fund was necessary. The fund
provided for reasonable medical and
surgical aid, transportation, nursing aud
hospital services, crutches, artificial
members, etc. The employers objected
to a one eent a day assessment, on tho
ground that it was too small. The
workers also objected to any assessment and a compromise was reached by
reducing the waiting poriod from two
weeks to three days and including the
assessment.'' It wus nlso decided ti
absolutely protect any compensation al
lowanco from attachment.
Labor Agreed to the Terms.
The compromise arrangement was
reached December 22 of last year, tbe
B. C. Federation of Labor, the Brother
hoods and employers agreeing. It was
provided that whero satisfactory medi
cal aid societies were now provided, the
assessment should not rule but the Compensation Board would be the judge as
to the facts of the case. Even the
doctors were satisfied with tho arrangement as they snid that they often lost
80 per cent, of tlieir first aid fees.
The present complaint as to tho as
sessment, the first made since the aet
was drafted, oame from a member of
the Typos, and the speaker, rather than
see the medical aid fund .struck out of
the act, would rather see the Typos,
exempted from the clause.
Replying to -Del. Manson aB to overlapping where men were now connected
with fraternal organizations, President
McVety said this might possibly occur.
The medical aid fund covered, however,
expenses and caro which a fraternal society physician would   probably   not
Sive* ,r x
Pres. McVety replied that copieB of
the act had been Bent to the secretary
of each -union. As far us its administration was concerned, it was not in
the hands of the government as tho commissioners had the entire say as to
carrying out its provisions. As to tho
consensus of opinion among workers,
it was found that whero such acts were
in force, the wage-workers wore endeavoring to improve the legislation
and whero there were no nets, efforts
were being mude to secure them.
What tbe Act Covers,
Replying to other queries, President
MeVety said that in considering compensation acts, they could not bo compared clause by clause. ThiB would
meet Dol. Wilton's objection as to tho
Manitoba act being superior to the B.
C. legislation. The Manitoba net provided for medical aid up to $100 without, assessing the workman, but it wufl
easy to run up a bill for a physician to
thut amount.
It was explained thut the act covered occupational diseases and the work
of civic omployees. Casual labor was
not included unless the employment was
listed on the classified trades but, whore
a man was building a house by day
labor, he would eome under tho terms
of tho measure.
Iu reply to objections as to memberB
of city unions paying more into the
fund thnn they would receive, it was
admitted that this might bo tho case.
Taking a broad view of the question,
the scattered location of hospitals
throughout tho provinco, etc., it waa
necessary to consider genorul rather
than individual benefit. If the fund
was insufficient to meet tho demnnds,
tho employers would be assessed for the
After somo general discussion the
resolution approving the act was introduced. An amendment to lny the matter over until tho regular meeting of
the council was pressed on the ground
of the 'small attendance and the fact
thut the delegates were not fully informed on the terms of the act.   On a
Brewery Workers' Correspondent Gives Result of
Show Regulation Under the
License Is Superior to
The correspondent for the Brewery
Workers' union stutes that inside facts
have recently been secured which show
in a most unmistakable manner that
prohibition does not prohibit in Seattle,
aud that conditions are now even worse
in tho Sound City than they wore during the days when the stato was operating under u license system.
This information is based on assurances from reliable quarters that during last week two Vuncouver men spent
several days in Seattle securing evidence as to the ease with which liquor
could be secured. Theso men returned,
not only with many, drinks under their
belts, but also tangible evidence in the
form of 25 bottles of liquor which were
secured without difficulty. The greater
part of their evidence is in the shape of
Bealed .bottles, though some of it was
secured on prescriptions which were
filled at the down-town drug stores. Tbo
fact that the men were very healthy
specimens appeared to make no differ-
nco to the physicians, who obligingly
wroto out the prescriptions.
No Trouble to Get Drinks.
One of thc facts brought out by thc
visit is that while it is fairly easy to
got bottles of hard liquor, it is comparatively difficult to get bottles of beer
for consumption ut home. This shows
that the most dangerous form of drinking is the easiest in Seattle. Another
fact, brought out by tho visit is that
tho price charged for liquor has gone
vote, the amendment was "decisively'doJ]"P_ jn.,8™*^..^r ^ ?"^ ^0U"fe"fl,"d
fentod and the resolution of approval
Unequalled Vaudeville Means
2:45, 7:20, 9:16     Season's Prices:
Matinee,   16c;   Evenings,   15c,   26c.
Name Committee to Co-operate With
Vancouver in Entertaining
Convention Delegates.
VICTORIA, April 25.—Although attended by only twenty-five members,
the last meeting of tho Letter Carriers' was ns interesting and full of
business as any ordinary gathering of
the fraternity. The sad announcement of the death of ono of tho members, in the city hospital only twenty-
four hourB beforo the, meeting, served
to give an air of solemnity to the proceedings. Satisfaction was felt by all
present over the fact that everything
possible had boen done by the association for the deceased brother. As the
widow and fuinily of three nre left
without support the branch appointed
a committeo for tho purpose of devising ways and moans of rendering effective assistance.
Easter Monday Not a Holiday.
Por the firfet time in the history of
the Victoria post office Easter Monday
was not observed us n statutory holiday, it no longer being recognized by
the federal department.
Convention Committee Reports.
Reports were received from the delegates to the Trades nnd Lnbor Council,
and also one from the parliamentary
representative of tho Trades and Lnbor
Congress of Canada. The special committee, to consider feasibility of cooperation with the Vancouver brunch in
entertaining delegates to the coming
convention thero, reported, but wns laid
over till next meeting. Several letter
were received from branches ro holidays for temporary carriers.
that a premium price is demanded for
any kiad of liquor.
As far us drinking is concerned, the
mon, who were strangers in tho city, say
it is no trouble to get drinks. The class
of liquor served is, however, way below
standard, nnd somo of it was judged to
be distinctly dangerous if indulged in
to even a moderate amount. Ono of the
bottles filled at a drug storo on a physician's prescription is said to consist of
a beverage of a typo which led to the
belief that a couple of "shots" would
pretty nearly put a man out of business. /
The correspondent understands thnt
the facts above briefly noted nro to be
made publio in full through the daily
press in the near future. Tho brewery
workors say thut this publicity will give
full support to thc chum previously put
forward by tlieir union through these
columns—that the electors of British
Columbia would bo very ill-advised if
they alter the licensed nnd regulated
sale of liquor existing hero today for
the condition of affairs which is shown
to exist in Seattle.
H    New
ii    Season's
^    Boiled
put up in
pint battles
Factory: 1385-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 286
Est. 1904    i   Vancouver, B, O.
Ten More Members of Pioneer Division
Join the Overseas Forces.
Applications for leave of absence for
military service from ten more members
of Pioneer Division of the Street Railway men's union were received this
week. The question as to why our members are quitting in such numbers can
easily nnd readily be explnined by those
who are left. The discipline of
the army is about tlie same as the dis-
ipline of u street railway company.
Wo thought that when tho women of
the old country \oo\\ on tho jobs of
Street-car conductors they hnd sunk
pretty low in the soeinl hcuIo, but i(
Isl)Gins thai tlie end is not yet. We find
i that WOnion have been working as dock
laborers on tho Liverpool docks, but
have boon withdrawn on account of thc
opposition nf tlie members of the
Dockers' union who declnred that thoy
■ would not work with women us the employment of females militated against
tlie safety of the men.
i Bi'othor Beattio is among the latest
hunch to join up wijli the overseus
forces. "Hill" being n railroad man
und "safety first" being more or less
:i railroad Slogan has no connection with
the fact that our respected brother
joined the foresters' battalion. Bro.
Beattie informs us that lie and his comrades ure going to cut down trees in
England. Quite so; Bill is the kind of
a mnn that would cut down a lot of
trees fin a lung time). Well, wc wish
our old friend nil kinds of luck in his
new undertaking, but feel thut owing
to tho fact that we suspocted Bill of
having socialist tendencies, there is
un apology coming to him.
Acting on instructions from the division, our committee had an interview
with the B. C. E. K. band and the result, us it appears to bo shaping, will
be: "No union, no bnnd." When a
person hns to choose from ono of two
evils, it is gonorully tho loBser that is
Regarding the "dny off" proposition,
Pres. Cottrell nnd Business Agont
Hoover recently met tho representatives
of the company nnd Tramway Inspector Rae nnd it was ngroed that tho
block system will probably bo in operation again early in Juno.
J. E. G.
White Berry Pickers WiU Probably Be
p!ace Orientals This Year.
Reports from New Westminster stuto
that a plan is on foot to oust Orientals
from a field of work which they have
occupiod for some time and replace
thom with white lubor.Vrhc work consists ia the picking of berries in Ihe
Frnser valley, a field which usually
takes considerable help. Lust yaor
a large number of girls from Vancouver were employed in this work in the
Hat;uc district, the employers saying
that their work was dono in a far more
satisfactory manner than by Orientnls.
The New Westminster Consumers'
League is taking tho matter up and
trying to arrunge for assembling u
forco of berry pickers who will start
at Gordon Head, on the Island, whore
tho Btrawborry season is early, and
work west on the mainland ns tho crop
Vancouver Aldermen Haven't Forgot
Oame of Childhood Days.
Vancouver aldermen nre adepts at the
old gamo of "ring around the rosy."
Recently they insisted on the school
board cutting down its o.stimutes. Under
strong pressure, the school trustees cut
out tho special training given by supervisors. Then tho T. and L, council
passed n resolution of protest. The
council's reply in that it has no power
to interfere with the school board on
mutters connected with curriculum. And
so the "circle" game of childhood days
goes on.
Ctelto rreon\5obacco.
A man must bo very unpopular whon
his barber cuts him.
Refined Service
One  Block   wext  of  Court  Home.
Use of  Modern  Chapel and
Funeral   Parlors   free   to  all
Telephone Seymour 242ft
Vancouver—Olllce and Chapel,
1034 Oranvllle St., Phone Sey. sm.
North Vancouver — Office and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. Weat, Phone
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no mutter what its name, unlesH it bears a
plain and readable impression of this stamp.
All shoes without tho  Union   Stamp  nre
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Streot, Boston, Muss.
J.-F. Tobin, Pres.     C/L. Blaine, Sec.-Treas.
.   C. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky     ,
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whiiky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Preller & Oo.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., etc,
Chinese- made Shirts £; Overalls
Turned, Beeton 4 Co., Ltd.  Victoria, B. C.
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
. Accept no substitute for any Royal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(Wo keep British Columbia clean)
(Strictly modern), ono block from Labor Templo.   Hore, overy comfort
awaits you.
Union Cigars and bent brands of beverages our specialty.
First-class cafe in connection. PAGE POUR
PBIDAY........ April 28, 1916
Womens Suits
—made of good quality whipcords, serges, fancy weaves
and shepherd's checks, in a
diversity of styles, including
sport effects. All are well
lined. Colors of navy, grey,
Copenhagen, fawn and American Beauty. Sizes to 20 for
misses and to 44 for women—
a nice chance to buy a good
suit for spring wear at a small
price $15.00
ffilipSttdson'sBauCoinpanB. M
\^ . ^J hhwmwi  wa    _*tm—t saaaitAti. ttaatt wwimiiim , t ^*mr  ,
Granville and Georgia Streets
New Organization Formed
With That Object
in View.
Pacific   Northwest   Union
Will Be Asked to
Tbe Host Popular Moving Picture House in Vincouver
25 Hastings St. West, near Carrall Street
First Vancouver Bun of All
"Triangle" Pictures.
■Triangle" Pictures Are the
World's Best Films.
i uli'l-Mi rr''rims•flTiirrrmril'l*"~Mfc"*"*?*i *"''■ '^t^~*fTjamsif*-:''- iJAksKl* n^rjmtd^'"'
Saved By Wireless
Entire change of programme for latter part of the week.
Matinee (to 6 p.m.)  10c Children (all the time)  Be
Evenings ISo Boxes (all the time)  25c
Good lor out year's subscription to The B
io sub cards utsaas E&ri-ttjSta-
When you recogniso this as a
fact you will boost for the products of home industries by cutting out the imported article
Start right now by using
Shamrock Brand
The only government-inspected
plant in B. 0.
[By A. C. Phelps]
PORTLAND, Ore., April 24.—The
Northwestern Conference of Printing
Trades Unions was organized nt Walla
Walla, Washington, April llth, by representatives from various printing
trades unions in Oregon, Washington,
Idaho and British Columbia, who met
there upon invitation tendered by both
tho Northwest I. T. U. Conference and
the Northwest Pressmens' Conference,
which met at Walla Walla, April 10th
and llth.
Much credit is due the ■ Northwest
Typos, and the Northwest Pressmen for
their efforts, which have led to the
confederation of the several unions that
have gone into the conference. They
have Bpent much time and energy in the
past in efforts to bring the union about,
Officers Elected.
Officers that were elected for the ensuing year are: President, A. M. Fallon, Photo Engraversj No. 23, Seattle;
Vice-preBident, Chas. H. Buckley, Bookbinders, No. 87, Seattle; Secretary-
treasurer, P. H. Blacker, Stereotypers
and Electrotypers, No. 65, Seattle. The
following three were elected to act with
tho president, vice-president and secretary-treasurer on the executive committee: Philo Howard, Typo union, No.
202, Seattle; W. R. Daugherty, Mailers' union, Portland; E. A. Roselle, Web
Pressmen, No. 17, Portland,
Aim at Closer Affiliation.
The purpose of the new organization
is closer affiliation of the printing
trades unions of tho Northwest. This
is the first attempt of its kind among
tbe printing trades unions of this section. The future success of this endeavor will depend solely upon the
efforts put forth by the local unions in
selecting men ns representatives to
future conferences who are capable of
efficiently handling the organization so
aB to make it a power in the life of
the northwestern printing trades unions.
By sending as delegates men who hnve
the intereat of the organization at
heart, who are deeply interested in the
work, the conference' should become an
instrument of much good Influence
among the unions interested.
Co-operation the Watchword.
Co-operation is said to be the keynote of any successful business. We
must also co-operate to be successful.
Each local union, each individual member, should feel in duty bound to work
for the success of this organization.
"Big business" succeeds because it cooperates; because it gets together;
and boosts together. Is it not likely
that this confederation will also succeed
in its purpose by using exactly the
aame means? * Tbe adage ".United we
stand, divided we fall" is just as true
in this case as in any other.
Silk Sport
T HE FACT that
*■ our display is
more replete now than
at any other time should
induce you to view assortments. We particularly direct attrition to the fine
showing in Italian
and Milanese silk
which we offer in
various popular
plain colors and
combination effects.
These coats are in
the newest styles
and many of them
have caps to match.
Pine values at
$19.50, $22.50, $25
to $35.
Special line of fibre
silk coats in white,
rose and Paddy
green, made with
sash and with pockets at sides. A
limited number only
it $8.50.
if /
Nomination of Officers for Ensuing Year
On Agenda.
The regular monthly meeting of Vancouver Typographical union will be held
Sunday next, April 30, at 2 p.m. As
thie is tho meeting at which nomination
of officers and committeemen for the ensuing year takes place, it is expected
that a good attendance of members will
be out. Election of officers will be held
on tho fourth Wednesday in May—the
same date as voting for selection of international union officers for the noxt
two years.
Both President Pettipieco and Vice-
President Metzger hnve announced that
they will not be candidates for re-election.
Mr. H. Taylor is withdrawing from
the printing trade to devote his time to
another line of business on his own account.
Over a Thousand Men From Coast Have
Left for the Northwest.
The call from tho prairies to British
Columbia for help to got in the spring
crop resulted in over a thousand men,
who would otherwise havo been walking the streets looking for work, leaving
the coast citios for tho northwest. Mr.
F. J. Fitzpatrick, who was sont from
Saskatchewan to engage help, has sent
out 1230 men of whom 784 were from
Vancouver und its suburbs nnd the
balance from Victoria and New Westminster. In addition to this forco n
number wort* also sent to Alberta.
And still it iB probable that next fall
British Columbia will hnve to put up
a strong case for equal treatment with
Eastern Canada nnd the States in the
matter of special harvesters' rateB for
men to get in the harvest.
WIU FuUy Keep Its Agreement with
Civic Employees at thejFront.
A load wns lifted from the minds of
the i'n mi lies of Vancouver civic employees who have gone to the front,
when the city council decided last Tuesday night that they- would carry out
their second obligation to the city employees who are now on overseas service under an ngreement covering a percentage payment of their city snlnries.
The mnyor siiid tbe arrangement was
mado possible by cutting down tho es*
timntta for lighting. Tlie approvnl of
the council's stand by "men on the
street" proves thnt Vnncouver citizens
would rnther go with less light than
have the city violate itB obligations to
tho men in the trenches.
For the Best Range of
Garden Tools
Ah, What!
A laborer arriving in Mission City on
Tuesday reported that while walking
across the river he stopped at a work
camp in search of employment. The
foremen informed the laborer in search
of work that no Englishmen were wanted. The track 'gang are AustrianB.—
News-Advertiser, April 15.
"Brevity is the rnrist gift of
Production andThrift
' rVO win the war with the deciiivoieit which will eniure lasting peace, the Empire
A, will require to put forth lta hill collective power In men end in money. From
this viewpoints !• our true policy to augment our financial strength by multiplying our
productive exertions and by exercising rigid economy, which reduces to the minimum
all expenditures upon luxuries and non-essentials. Only in this way shall we be able
to make good the loss caused by the withdrawal of so many of our workert from industrial activities, repair the wastage of thc war, and find thefundaforits continuance. It
cannot be too frequently or too earnestly impressed upon our people that the heaviest
burdens of the conflict still lie before us, and that industry and thrift are, for those
who remain at home, supreme patriotic duties upon whose faithful fulfilment
our success, and consequently our national safety, may ultimately depend."—
SIR THOMAS WHITS, Minister 0/ Finance.
The war is now turning on a contest of all forces
and resources—men, munitions, food, money. The
call to all is to produce more and more, It may be
necessary to work harder. The place of those who
enlist muit be taken by those at home, men and
women, old and young. The more we produce the
more we can lave. Produce more on the farms and
in the gardens.   Save more and help to win the war.
In this war-time all labour should be directly productive or should be assisting in production. Make it
as efficient as possible. If your labour is on something
that can be postponed, put it off till after the war and
make your labour tell now. Making war is the first
business of all Canadians. Efficiency in labour is as
important aa efficiency in fighting.
Begin at home. The larger portion of salaries
and wages is spent on the home—food, fuel, light,
clothing. Are any of these things being wasted T
$20.00 a year saved from waste in every home In
Canada will more than pay the interest on a war debt
of $500,000,000.
Are you spending your money to the best advantage ? What do you think of extravagance in war
time? Tens of thousands of Canadians are daily
risking their lives for us at home. Is it not our duty
to be careful and economical f Canadian dollars are
an important part of the war equipment. Make them
tell. Have a War Savings Account Buy a War
Confusion Worse Oonfonndtd.
Editor B. C. Federationist: The more
enquire into the merit or otherwise of the
various argument!) offered, both pro and con,
relating to prohibition ot the liquor traffic,
the more confused 1 become. If this sort
of thing continues much longer I shall be
impelled to emulate the action of that congressman who, when thrown intu confusion
through the interruptions of others, endeavored to relocate himself by the historic query
of "Mr. Speaker, where was 1 at("
i By the parsons and other "holier than
thou" folk, 1 am assured that the prohibition
movement springs solely from the disinterested desire of well wishing friends and ail
those who have been charged with the special and sacred duty of safe-guarding souls
against the insidious and destructive Influences ot evil, to so successfully carry out
their missions, that wa ahall arrive at St.
Peter's gate, angelB In every respect except
wings. According to theBe authorities the
question is one of purely moral and spiritual
significance. This places it upon such an
minently lofty and admirable plane that I
am quite carried away In its favor. I become
a rabid prohibitionist and, with militant In-
ent, assume the "holler than thou" atti-
ude and am ready to go forth in battle for
he purification of the morals and souls of
hose who slop up boose by the wayside.
Then along coined the argument of the
uthorlty on efficiency, who convincingly
points out that he who imbibes, ever so Utile,
s less capable of performing an honest day's
work for his employer, than he who "touches
not, tastes not," the'unclean thing. As such
a sinful wight can not produce the results to
his employer that the latter is justified in expecting, ln view of his benevolent intentions
in glvingjiim work, It logically follows tbat
the benevolent one can not, either in Justice
o himself or his hireling, pay to the latter
the greatly augmented wage that he would be
entitled to receive under conditions properly
and puritanically abstemious. Such being the
case all along the line, it may be readily
seen that because of the smaller wage resulting from tho unwise application of booie
to the delicate and sensitive profit-making apparatus encased within tho hide of the weak
and sinful one, the deposits of the workers
in tho savings banks could not reach thoBe
extremely generous "nest egg" proportions
equisite to thai life of ease and affluence
during old ago evidently Intended by those
unselfish humanitarians who invented the
lavings bank scheme.
When this viewpoint was presented to me I
was Immediately impressed with lti superior
virtue as compared with the previous one.
The first, though based upon purely moral
and spiritual grounds, seemed like the "Rock
of Ages" to me. The second not only possessing the mural and spiritual urge for uplift,
but in addition thereto, a fairly plausible
efficiency roason for such upward thrust, appears like unto the "Rock of Ages" and
then some. 8A I became converted to the
newer and more plausible viewpoint.
And now comes another argument entirely
upsetting all previous ones and dropping the
entire prohibition wrangle to the level of a
vicious little scrap between two seotlons of
the trading class over the question of whose
pasture shall bo fertilised by the wages paid
to the working cIsbb, It is uncovered in an
article In the World of recent date, intended
to squelch the pretensions of those who
argue in favor of compensation for the
liquor interests, in case prohibition carries.
The World argues that as the workman's pay
envelope "was emptlod at the bar," thero
was "no money for the grocer, the butcher,
the baker, the milkman, the clothing dealer,"
etc, It may be easily understood how the
trade of these latter suffered thereby, Their
little material pastures received no droppings. They were not fertilized to their
proprietors' satisfaction. Hence, the World
demands, as an offset argument, that the
liquor interests compensate the "cock*
roaches" in these other lines. It seems, from
the World'B statement of the case, that the
workman has spent hla wages at the "bar"
and cheated the "grocer" out of the food
upplled him. Compensation is demanded
or the grocer. Further, It is charged tbat
'the. clothing dealers, the shoe dealers, and
undreds of other busineu men ... can
ot Bell their goods—which the wage-earner
eeds—because the wage-earner (exercising
Is rights of Individual liberty) goea without
hose things" and buys a jag, Whloh all
tends to bring confusion worse confounded.
If the prohibition wrangle Is a scrap be*
ween traders in different lines of plunder,
I feel like the old woman who remained
strictly neutral while her old man and the
bear fought it out. If it In an effort to
curtail the Individual liberty of any man to
buy a Jag, go without clothes and cheat the
Kocer I am against tt, beeause I am not In
vor of restricting the liberty of any person
to acquire a bad taste In the month and a
U. S. Warns Men Against Coming to
B. C—Employers Want Bars Down,
On the strongth of statements made
by the American consul in Vancouver
the U. 8. authorities are, through its
department of immigration, warning
men against coming to British Columbia in search of employment. Such a
warning hardly coincides with the reported movement of employers to secure
a modification of the order-in-council
prohibiting the entrance of labor into
the province on tho ground that the
supply of labor hero is insufficient to
meet the demnnds.
"Be thou aB chaste as ice, as pure
as snow, some old hen will gossip ahout
thee."—Hamlet a la Mike Jay.
The mnn who gets mad at what the
Labor paper says about him should return thanks three times a day for what
thc paper knew nbout him and did not
Adopted tn September, 1915, by the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada
1.    Free  compulsory   education,
'2. Legal working day of eight hours, and
six days to a weok.
H. Government Inspection of all Indus'
4. The abolition of the contract system
on all public works.
5 A minimum living wage, based on
local conditions,
6. Public ownership of all franchises,
such as railways, telegraphs, telephones,
water-works, lighting,  etc.
7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation on
industry and increasing it on land values.
8. Abolition of the Dominion Senate.
9. Exclusion of all Asiatics.
10. The Union Label to be placed on all
manufactured goods where practicable, and
all government and municipal supplies.
11. Abolition of child labor for children
under sixteen years, and the establishing of
equal pay for equal work for men and
VL Abolition of property qualification for
all public offices.
IS. Voluntary arbitration of labor die*
14 Compulsory vote and proportional
representation with grouped constituencies
and abolition of municipal wards.
15. Direct legislation through the initiative and referendum.
18. Prohibition nf prison labor ln com*
petition with free labor.
17. Equal suffrage for men and women
over 21 years of age.
headache, nor of going without clothes If
tbey so wish, and as to cheating the grocer
J am not jn the grocery business. That's
the  grocer's   business,   not   mine.     If    the
ampalgii   against   liquor   is  waged   for  the
ood of the worklngman's soul I refuse  to
tied any of my gore ln the scrimmage until
receive tho necessary assurance to satisfy
a Missourian that he possesses the goods.
I have no longer any desire to engage In
any "holier than thou" stunt for I am convinced that my condition of holiness is equal
to that of any other person on earth and It
keeps me eternally busy to keep it up to
Its present high standard of perfection, without expending any energy trying to pry any
one else up  the slope.
If    the    motive    behind    prohibition  is
hat of increasing the efficiency of the slaves
of production I am emphatically opposed to
t. They are far too efficient in production
now for their own good, Were it* possible to
reduce that efficiency In production to the
evel of the actual necessaries for their continued existence there would be neither a
master or a slave upon earth.   There would
e, at leaat, peace and freedom and the work*
Ing   class   of the world would be Immeasur-
bir bettor off than now. In view of all ol
which I am in the midst of confusion worse
nnfounded.   Where else can one "be at"!
Vancouver, April 10. CONFUSED.
(Continued from page One.)
flim-flam judiciously applied. Russia is
still feudal, in a political sense, and
should be aligned with the Central
Powers, by the ties of consanguinity.
It is well known that Russia'has been
at a disadvantage alongside of her
equally unscrupulous feudal neighbors
owing to the latter'a moro highly developed Industrial power. Actuated by
no higher purpose than that of promoting the noble art of war the rulers of
the Teuton empires have turned all the
energies of their peoples to that purpose. The manufacture of war material
has been pushed to the limit and every
able-bodied serf has been trained and
disciplined into the most docile and
submissive brand of "cannon fodder"
Here you will ind not only the
, right price and quality, but the
most complete range of garden
tools to be secured in any one
Garden Barrows $4.90
$4.60 ond   $2.78
Navvy Barrows, each  11.50
Garden Hose—50 feet, coupled
ready for use, with nozzle; the
best value in B. 0.j roll, $3.90
l.awn Mowers—Compare our 5-
blnde ball-bearing with any
similar machine,
14-inch; each   $7.76
Ill-inch; each   $8.25
18-inch; each   $8.76
English Grass Shears $1.36
$1.46 and    $1.60
Hoea—each  60c, 66c, 76c
Garden Rakes; each   36c,
46c, 60c, 66c and.;  76c
Cultivators; each  86c
Forks; each $1.46, $1.66
English Spades; each $1.76
and  ia.00
Canadian Spades; each...  $1,10
and     $1.36
Garden Potting Trowels; each
i   20c, 26c and     S6c
Weeding Porks; each  16c
26c and     36c
Weeders; each  10c
Grass Hooks; each   36c
Brush Hooks; each             $1,10
Daisy Grubbers; each   36c
and       60c
'Atomizers; each   90c
David Spencer Limited
that was ever shot to hell for the
glorification and aggrandizement of
feudal or any other type of war lord
and tyrant. That Russia would, single-
handed, have found it extremely difficult to cope with this menace upon hor
western borders may be readily understood. Although with u preponderance
of population over Germany her lack of
powor to equip und arm would seriously
militate against Russia's chance for success should a reBort to.arms be made.
Besides this there are other reasons
why Russiu is in alliance with the Western Powors. Financial ties bind her to
France and probably to Britain. Fur
thermore, hor long cherished ambition to
obtain access to tho ice-free waters of
the Moditcrranian stands a much better
prospect of realization through nn alliance with France, Britain and Itnlyt
than with the Teuton empires. And on
top of all this the Russian people will
light ugainst the Germans with a great*
er relish than against nny other European people, for every Russian work-
ingmun knows that the drowning of tho
Revolution of 11105 in tbe blood of the
proletariat was not only at the instigation of tho German war-lord, but at
his expross commund, backed up by a
threat that German troops would enforce it if Russia failed to comply. And
German troops were moved towards tho
Russian border to emphasize tho throat.
Tho revolutionary element of Russia
looks upon Berlin ns the centre of re*
action in Europe
"I Am the State."
The feudal concept is thnt of torri*
toriul nggrandizement. Its ethics are
the ethics of land-grabbing, or seizure.
Its political concept is thnt of armed
force. Territory cannot bo arbitrarily
BOizod and held by nny other menus.
It never was seized and held in any
other way. It can not be governed,
against the will of its pooplo, by any
other moans. From the feudal viewpoint the ruler is tho Stato and the
military establishment is its guarantee.
Everything must bc subordinated to it.
Thero enn be no other legitimate object
or aim of humnn endeavor thon to
safeguard, bulwark and buttress the
State; i.e., tho ruler. "All for thc
Stato" is the slogan in Central Europe
today. "I am tho State," said Louis
XVI of Franco in 17811. Tho war lords
of Central Europe doclaro "wo nre
lighting for our very existence." They
are neither joking nor lying. Their
struggle is for tho continued existence
of a feudalism that has boen ablo to
hold over into capitalism, for a century or more aftor thc pooplo of Western Europe havo kicked it into the
Undtr Capitalist Rule.
To break the rule of feudalism and
establish tho kingdom of Capital, may
require a resort to arms. With the capitalists once in snddle, and a sufficient
police force to maintain order at home
and a navy powerful onough to bo ablo
to compel payment by delinquent debtors abroad, tho capitalist rulers require no further military establishment,
provided it is not confronted or threatened by some feudal survival still in thc
offing. Should such feudal survival obtain a struggle to the death will in-
ovitably come, ns it has now come in
Europe, Nothing could hnve averted
this European holocaust, but tho overthrow of tho foudollsm of Central
Europe by the people of those.countries and thus bringing them politically
abreast of thoir western neighbors nnd
opening the way to some more courteous
and decent method of exchanging
neighborly civilities tban by splitting
each others eardrums by powder explosions and n more polite and pleasing
manner of conducting neighborly inter*
courso thnn by plastering the circumjacent landscape with human blood and
Thc Hour May Strike.
If the nations engnged in this awful
struggle shall come out of it so com*
pletely exhnusted thot their respective
rulers and ruling classes flnd it impossible to longer to maintain conditions
for their slaves conducive to contentment under the process of exploitation;
then will the hour havo struck for the
ending of tho slavery of the ages and
tho uBherlng in of the freedom of Labor
from tho tyranny and exploitation that
has cursed the race since the first slave
was shackled and the first master plied
the lash.   Then would it be made clear
that tho present war is a struggle between '' the feudalism of yesterday and
tho freedom of tomorrow."
A Critical Period.
If, on the contrary, the ending of
this war finds the ruling classes of
tho moro advanced and democratic countries, in command of huge
military establishments made up of
dumb-driven cattlo that can be used
to crush the efforts of the harried and
brutally exploited workers to rise to
better industrial and living conditions
and to drown their ambitions in a deluge Of their own blood* all that the
workers have gained through centuries
of bitter struggle will be lost and human society will suffer a kick back into
a feudalism aa much worso than its
predecossor as the present war is worse
than tho wars of past centuries. The
ond of this wnr and tho years immediately following will be fraught with
danger to everything that is good and
worthy in modern civilization. These
years will cover a critical period in the
history of Labor in its ago-long struggle
against its rule and robbery by chattel
slavo masters, feudal lords and capitalists. Interesting times are coming
in the nonr future. Not only interesting, but probably, tragic. Porhaps
more tragic than in Europo even now.
Who can tellt
Increase Your Husband's
Every woman csn Increase her husband a salary; all aha haa to do ia to
use good "Judgment whon purchasing
anything for the home. Every time yon
save money on a piece of furniture
you are that much batter off. We
gladly invite you to coma In and In.
apect lame.   Oaab or eur payments.
Hen's Batters and Outfitters
Three Stores
Equals Earning! of all American
Trade Unionist*
THE liquor bill of the V. 8. Juat about
equals the; wagea earned by all the
trade unionists* In that country.
According to a study made by the
Bureau of Statistics of tbe New York
State Department of Labor, tbe average
yearly earnings of trade unionists In that
atate. Including men and women, amount
to $750. This would be a fair average
tor the entire country, counting only days
actually worked.
They spend annually $2,000,000,000 for
boose. Divide 750 Into 2,000,000,000, and
you get 2,606,066, which ia just about
the number of trade unionists of various
kinds in the country,
Tha enormous waste ef ths money spent
for booaa becomai Impressive whan ens
considers that lt equals tht total stun of
money paid to thla highly intelligent amy
of workers—the Ones! body of working-
man In tha world!
How can this army of workingmen con-
slstently defend a traffic which la ao great
a drain upon the resources of all kinds'if
people—resources, which, if spent for
more legitimate objects, WOULD MOT
As important =—
as your watch
JlZ HSH ,P"^^'°Jm• '" "j" "ft *** " Important duties aa your watoh—their advices cannot be dispensed with any more than your watoh.
.. ,    . —Ton keep yonr watch regulated—
ml»hi"™t"„'!!°I!fi,i,rap?rt"".'0,.k"e? »•»''••!' regulated.   It It came to a pinch yon
But vou, '...lh 'S^ii-KIP',*!!* """ t! In * "Mi"°" '» '°m rout duties In life.
P p™. i„ . 5','?™ m "f0"15 '*" •*■"» ln I"1*"1 condition all the time.
KJaiiuiJ?'.!? W*"1 *°°*. "}'?• J M»*nl"» •■»•» »"•—no cost
;„i 2X2"**,"0? "' 'Mn-expetl advice that will tell you what you do
save ,Z uZ.    " Telephone or' call ln for an appointment and
Expression Plates
a set
I itudy roar mm, then I model
tbo plate to suit the eiict form
of your flee; tnd then I make
the mould, Uklng the correct
Imprenion of your natural
"bite," io that you hire the
fnnctlona of the teeth perfectly
Permanent Browne ind Bridget a .
Guarantee with ill my work. 3)t
Evening once  houra—Tuei- '
diyi ind Saturdays, 7 to 8. P" l0°».
Crown and Bridge Specialist
Opening Evenings from T to I p.m.
Tel Say. 3331


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