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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 28, 1916

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\      EIGHTH YEAJfetfo. 4
Cc^ST)     $1.50 PER YEAR
Andrew Fisher's No Con
scription Statement Is
Big Ructions Are Inevitable
Among the Labor
[Special Australian Correspondence]
SVDNEY, N. 8.vW-( Jan. 7.—Australia was tlie flrst English speaking country to introduce compulsory training
. for national defence. Will Australia be
the flrat English Bpeaking country to introduce conscription for somo other
country's defence?
That Ib the moBt important question
in Australia today. Shall the conscript
army which we, in this free country,
have decided and scoffed at as the iron
rule of older nations, be introduced
into our midBtt That is what most of
us are asking today.
The Future Looks Ominous.
I confess, as I write, that the futurb
lookB very dark. I am filled with misgivings. The movements of the last few
months have caused me much serious
thought—aye, even pain.
For many years now I have been
bound up in the progress of Australia
as a democratic country—as a country
rushing at express speed towards socialism. 1 know our rise from our birth as
a party, i have seen our overy victory
almost—in tho past few years, ns ono
aftor another we rolled down the capitalist oppositionists as so many skittles.
Elections one after another wero won
to our side. Stato after state was captured. We at last controlled tne destinies of the national parliament of federated Australia. We were like school-
boyB at a picnic, then, from sheer madness of joy.
Feels Workmen Are Betrayed.
And now—we feel we have been betrayed. Our nntional parliament haB
committed us to an army for foreign
service of no less than 300,000 men. At
the beginning of the war we sent away
an army of 20,000, arid it was then
hoped that we would be able to send an
army of 100,000 if necessary to see the
war through. But slowly and surely
our numbers have been mounting up till
today we arc-committed -to- en army -of-
250,000 men to be sont to he front before next June, 1916, with a further
army of 50,000 to be raised by tbe samo
time—making in all some 300,000 men.
Putting the Screws On.
Even with this, much as we would
protest against the legalized murder
systom, we should have suffered in Bil-
ence, but the passage of laws and acts
makes us raise our voices against even
the government we put into power to
rule for us.
First came the cenosr—a gentleman
who has to be respected. Thon we got
the war precautions' act, undor which
many memberB of the socialist groups
were jailed. Then came the taking of
the national register.
Andy Fishar's Legacy.
> Even at this data we had serious misgivings, but they were allayed by the
pronouncement of itne ox-prime minister,
now the Australian high commissioner
in London (Mr. Fisher), that he was irrevocably opposed to conscription in
any shape or form. Now we get an organized attempt, not only sanctioned by
parliament, but actually promoted by it,
of recruiting an a method which smacks
distinctly of conscription.
And mark you, it is to be conscription
of human flesh and blood only—not conscription of wealth. While the worker
must be prepared to lay down his life
for his country, the capitalist is only
asked to lend his money at 4% per cent.
Doing It Gradually.
Twelve monttio ago the workers gladly, went into tho Australian army of
100,000, thinking that at least that waB
a proper quota to send from these shoros.
The worker did not think that further
drafts would be required to keep up thiB
Tho war lords wero crafty. Thoy
knew thot in timo further drafts of mon
would bo levied for, that sovoral hundreds of thousands would bo required
from Australia. And they also knew
that if they suddenly announced at the
outbreak of wnr that 300,000 would bo
BBked for within olghtoon mouths, Australia would bo alarmed and would
think twice over the proposition.
And so the neceBsary number was
soft-pedalled whilo the press worked
up the multitude with thunderous descriptions of the enemy's atrocities. And
during this time, as I have said before,
several things have happened, which, if
they had happened all at once would
havo bc,en made ub sit up and think,
Labor Premier Forces Issue.
A tremendous number of men have
been sacrificed in tho Dardanelles campaign. Troopship aftor troopship came
back, laden wih sick and wounded, telling tales which were confirmed by their
own injuries. Then the Universal Service league camo into the field with a
demand for conscription, but their attitude was too sudden and as I have said
before, they fizzled out. Their objective
had to be reached by a back alley.
And here is just where tho national
parliament has betrayed tho workers.
We wore told that we must get together
10,000 men evtry month to keep our
end up. And thon on top of this, camo
the sudden demand fqr an extra 50,000.
The prime minister, Mr. Hughes, said
that he was sure the number would
come willingly to the colors, and within a few days, to help them to come to
the colors, he issued a mandate that no
man of military age would bo allowed
to leave Australia without a passport,
or with more than 50 golden sovereigns
in Ms pocket.
And this is what is styled voluntary
' enlistment.' It is just ho same kind of
appeal that waB issued in England, in
New Zealand and elsewhere.   And if it
Old-timo delegato from United Brotherhood
of Carpentera to the central labor body,
who wan elected as a trustee at last
meeting—Presidont nf ti. C, Federatlonist, Ltd.—Re-t-1-Scted as a director of the
Vancouver Labor Templo Co., Ltd.,
laat shareholders' meeting to succeed
is not conscription under another name,
then I don't know what it is.
The Available Material.
The government feels sure that it can
get the extra 50,000 men—and the fij
ures given by the war census make
painfully true that, by force this force
can be raised.
Wo have in Australia, out of 978,0.70
men of- military age, 63 per cent, who
are fit (617,975), 31 por cent, who are
doubtful (304,789) and 0 per cent, who
are unfit (55,306.) Of this numbe* of
fit men, 40 per cent, are single men, 2
per cent, are widowers, and 58 per cent.
are married men.
It is thought that the single mon will
havo to toe the mark first, then the
married men without families, and then
those with families. It is not said what
is to become of the wives and children,
of the married men who enlist, but if
the present is any precedent, they are
to be made to exist on a miserly pension
that will scarcely fill their stomachs
with bread.
Labor Is Opposing It,
It must not be presumed for a moment that trades unionism is looking on
and Baying nought. It is sitting up and
doing sonjo plain talking. Every federation of labor in Australia has opposed
the proposed conscription. In New Zealand tho workers are prepared to fight
it oven if it comes to industrial revolt,
while in Queensland they have decided
to voto out every labor man at the
enrlioBt opportunity who favors the governmont plan of raising mon by con-
Bcription. Meetings are being held all
over the continent against the betrayal
of labor, and sooner or later the storm-
cloud will burst.
What Will Happen.
It might bo organized revolt—it
might be open revolt—I cannot say
what will happen, but I onco said in
those columns that the government that
introduced conscription would be hounded out of office, and I say that again.
This is shown by tho action of tho
Brisbano, Queensland, industrial council, which controls the destinies of every
rnilcs union organization in that state.
Early in December the prime minister
went to Queensland to further the interests of the labor candidato at' tho
seat rendered vacant by the resignation
of the ex-prime minister to take, up tho
position of high commissioner.
He mot some very plain talk, on the
way. He was told that unless he withdrew tho governmont assistance and .repudiated this qUast-conscriptlon dodge,
tho labor men of Wido^ Bay, the ex-
prime minister's sent, would vote out
their own candidate nnd put in an opposition member, and would follow this
up, till they smaBhed n labor government
that sanctioned conscription.
It may mean that they were wrecking
Australia's prospects for a time, but
they would never Buffer a government
to live that forced conscription on them.
They carried the following resolutions:
Advises Defiance of Oovernment.
"That the secretary be instructed to
write to every union in Australia advising them not to All in tho militaiy questions asked by the government, also to
request unions, as soon as possible, to
carry n resolution condemning the conscription proposals of tho primo minister.
"That in tho event of Mr. Hughes'
replies to them being unsatisfactory,
telegrams be at once sont to tho Wide
Bay electorate, and to tho press, asking
the InVor electorate to refrain from
supporting the labor candidato.
Mr. Hughes' replies were very unsatisfactory, He would give no answer as
to whether the governmont would repudiate tho idea of conscription or not.
Whether tho men will carry out their
throat at tho ballot box remains to be
May Oause Disruption.
The big question that Australia work
ors cannot got nway from is the fact
that Mr. Fisher said two months ago
that there would bo no such thing ub
conscription, yot today conscription is
almost on top of ub.
There is nothing surer than that it. will
start internal disruption from one end
of Australia to the other. It is nothing
short of an insult to the intelligence of
people who put the lab'or government in
power. And tho peculiar part of the
whole matter is that wo aro asked to
fight Qcrman militarism, and at tho
same timo adopt something on a similar
Call It "The Oreat Betrayal."
Somebody said, when the Australian
cruiBer Sydnoy rolled over tho Emden
In the Indian ocean, that wo were making history fast. How true that waa the
speaker perhaps did not, at that time
We are making history, though not
of the kind we like. If conscription is
forced on us by the preBont labor govornment, it will go down to history for
future generations to road, and they
will understand what we are today
terming "The Great Betrayal."
Protective Provisions Now
Being Put to Test, Says
Bus. Agent Burns
New Measure Has Taken
American Sailor Out of
Absolute Slavery
"Like most legislation of ita kind,
the new LaFollette Seamen's act is all
right bo far as intont is concerned, but
it is a question of how to enforce its
provisions," said Business,Agent W. 8.
Burns of the local Seamen's union to
The Federationist yesterday. "Down at
San Francisco our members are wrestling with the 'language test,' covering
the Oriental crew of the steamer China.
The United States department of commerce, in circular 265, has construed the
language test in such a manner that the
government official who is authorized
undor the law to determine, the fact
must leave the aetual test wholly in the
hands of the officers who happen to
serve in the ship. In other words, the
real test is given by the ship's officers,
men who are paid by the shipowner,
and not by the customs collector or any
one acting in his behalf. Notwithstanding this construction of the law, and
notwithstanding the admitted fact that
the 142 Chinese on the steamship China
had been carefully selected at Hongkong to meet the requirements of the
Seamen's law, the engineer's deparment
failed to. qualify the necessary 75 per
cent, of the men employed therein.
Andrew Furuseth's Opinion.
"There is no moro chance of repealing the Seamen's act than there is of repealing the Ten Commandments," declared Mr, Andrew Furuseth, president
of the International Seamen's union,
recently in an address before a labor
forum in the state of Washington. The
former sailor strongly defended the law,
•traced its origin, and predicted for the
country a merchant marine law that
would bring tho American back to the
."The Seamen's act," Mr. Furuseth
Baid, "has taken the American sailor
out of slavery. It has given him a living wage, but in many respects it has
left much room for improvement. It
will take study for people to understand it, like all now laws, but one
thing is certain and that is that it will
serve to fill that need for 18,000 sailors
that the navy needs, folf it will bring
back to the sea the man of American
Several Local and Provincial Unions
Alive to Necessity of Labor Press.
The twenty-two memberB of Vancouver local union No. 105, International
Brotherhood of Bookbinders, decided
this, week to give Tho Fed. a lift, by
subscribing in a body.
Business Agent Nixon, of tho Longshoremen's union, has also placed a
card in The Fed.'h union directory list
and ordered a bundle of ten to go to the
hall at 10 Powell street each week.
The Moving Picture OperatorB have
also come across with a tangible boost.
ThiB, along with renewals by the
Street mil wny Employees, which leads
in point of numbers; the Machinists
Electrical workerB, Vernon and Prince
Rupert TypoB., Tile LayorB, Pattern
Makers, Steam Engineers, Prince Rupert, Painters, Barbers, Victoria, and a
dozen or so local unions of the minors
throughout the provinco, helps to "pay
the printer" and keep the only labor
paper left west of Winnipeg on the
Thero is still room for d few additions on the mailing Hst.
"Jack" MacMlllan In the Trenches.
A field service post card was received
on Wednesday by Tho Federatlonist,
dated Jan. 2, from "Jack" MacMillnn,
reporting, "I am quite well"; also the
receipt of November copies of The
Union Labor in California May Oo Into
State Politics Soon.
Labor in California is considering the
advisability of organizing politically
nnd pluclng a complete ticket in tho
field nt the next general olection.
The proposition originated with tho
TiOS Angeles County Building Trades
Council, which, with tho sanction of
tho Conral Labor Council of that city,
has requested tho California State
Federation of Labor to issue a call for
a stato labor political convontion at nn
early date for tho purpose of organizing politically and perfecting plans to
place a complete ticket in the field at
tlte next election.
Resolutions to this effect wero unanimously adopted by the Building Trades
council of Lob Angeles county, approved
by the Lnbor council of Los Angeles,
and sent to the California Stato Fedo
ration of Labor.
The meeting, of the people's
Forum in Labor Temple next
Sunday evening at 7:30 will he-
addressed by Mi*. W. A. Cantelon,
a local barrister. His subject
will be. "Direct Legislation,"
and will deal with the initiative
and referendum as applied to
law-making.    .
Elect Officers and Decide to
Start an Organiaztion
Patriotic Civic Authorities
Join in a Reduction
of Wages
Was Formerly Head of the International Typographical Union.
W. B. Prescott, former presidont of
the International Typographical union,
died nt his home in Chicago on Tuesday of apoplexy. Mr. Prescott was born
in Toronto in 1862.
May Oause Social Revolution.
" « * * If tho AIHob maintain
the blockade for five yoars thero will
probably not bo in all Germany at the
end of that timo a single big industry
oporatcd for profit. Engels used to Bay
that tho coming groat war would create
tho necessary conditions for tho overthrow of capitalism. He seems to have
known what he was talking about."—
The Voice.
Brewery Workers' Smoker.
Local 281 of the I. V. U. B. W. A.
will pull off a grand smoker, for the
benefit of a sick member, tomorrow
evening, Jan. 29, in tho small Dominion
hall, commencing nt 8:30 p. m. President Chun. A, Thomas und Secretary
Chas. O. Austin will officiate. Tickets
muy bo obtained from any member of
tho Brewery Workers or nt the door.
All trnde unionists and their friends
[By W. Yates]
The Trades and Labor council held its
regular semi-monthly meeting tonight,
with a fair attendance. A communication from Winnipeg Trndes and Labor
council, asking for all councils to protest against the i&te of wages being
paid on war contracts in some places,
waB read and the secretary instructed
to write to the militia department and
request the insertion of a "fair wage"
clause in all future contracts.
No Trade Improvement.      *
Reports of unions showed no improvement in the state of work during the
laBt two weeks.
Election of Officers.
Nominations of officers were re-open-
od, and an election held, resulting in the
election of the following:
President—W. E. Maiden.
Vice-president—B. Chapman.
Genernl secretary—W. Yates.
Financial secretary—W. Morris.
Sergeant-at-armB—J. Downes.
Trustees—R. A. Stoney, H. Swayn
and L. Grimmer.
B. O. F. of L, Delegate's Report.
The report of the delegate to the convention of tho British Columbia Federation of LaboT Ws read and approved'
of by the council.
New Business.
Delegate Knudsen again called the
attention of the delegates to the necessity of getting more interest taken in
the council by thc affiliated locals, and
nskod that a committee be appointed to
visit all tho locals and get them to elect
dolegates to the council >who would attend more regularly than they had been
doing in the past. Tho president appointed Delegates Yates, Stoney and
Tho inactivity of the workers was the
subject' of a great deal of discussion,
and the advantage that the employers
are taking of the depressed conditions
to reduce wages.
An active campaign of organization
wns decided on to awaken the memberB
of the working class to the need of getting busy now instead of after they had
lost all the rights they have.
The action of the city council in reducing wages last Monday night, in
spite of all that Alderman Dodd could
do to prevent it, showed the necessity
of having more working men on the
council to look after the interests of the
workers in the matter of wages.
Royal City Notes,
Tho city council, at the regular meeting Inst Monday night, decided to reduce the wages of the day laborers to
$2.40 per day and teamsters and other
employeos in proportion. Alderman
Dodd put up a notable fight against the
proposed reductions, but. ns there wore
six ngainst one, he could not succeed in
resisting it. Ho pointed out that the
reduction only meant a saving to the
Inrge taxpayers and thon it would only
he a saving of a few cents por year,
but that it would bo the means o'f reducing the standard of living of a considerable portion of the population of
the city, with a loss to the merchants
as well as the workers themselves. With
a steady increase going on nil the tiino
in the cost of living, ho did not think
that a reduction of 20% in wages wns
justified, nor won it in tho best interests of the city as a whole.
ChiiB. McNeil and Tom Todd, two of
the standbys in local trade union circles, got partriotic laBt week and put on
the uniform, which makes 38 who havo
gone from tho ranks of Division 134 of
the Street Railway Men's union in New
The heavy fall of snow during the
past week has resulted in providing a
few days' work for some of the citizens
clearing railway tracks, etc., and thereby staving off stnrvntion for a few days
Oriental Coolie Labor Rapidly Displacing AU
Other Races
Modern  Slave Plantations
Have No Redeeming
Seattle Tailors Support Paper.
After a presentation of the claims of
the Union Record to the support of tho
Journeymen Tailors' local No. 1 of Seattle, at their last meeting, by E. B.
Ault, editor of the paper, tho organization voted almost unanimously to assess
ench member 5 centB per month for subscription and havo the paper sent to
the home of ench member.
"No Criminal Negligence."
'We flnd that the deceased eawie to
his death as thc result of tho breaking
of the gooseneck of thc derrick on
which ho was working, but that the
contractor used nil reasonable care. No
criminal negligence was shown by anyone, but wo find that the base of tho
derrick was defective at the time of tho
Tho abovo was tho purport of ihe
verdict returned at the inquiry into thc
circumstances attending tho death of J.
E. Morris, who was killed by tho falling of n derrick at the local government
elevntor on Thursday week.
If the present rate of gradual increase
of Asiatic labor in the coal mines on
Vancouver island is maintained, then-
the Caucasian coal miner there is, of
course, doomed to be supplanted by the
Asiatic workman. But unlike otherwise
similar conditions in the coal mines of
the United States, where the English-
speaking coal miner is gradually, but
surely being driven out of the coal mining industry by a workman of his race,
but who speaks the various languages
of the southern European nations, in
the change taking place on Vancouver
island entirely different elements enter,
so that one is led to believe that sooner
or later the present programme on Vancouver island will havo to undergo a
radical change, because of the undermining of commercial institutions which
to maintain is of vital importance to
other interests than that of workmen.
Asiatics Employed Increasing.
From an authority that cannot be
questioned, we have it that on January
4,1916, at No. 6 mine on Vancouver island the number of Asiatic underground
workers was 186, out of a total of 230
underground workers employed in that
mine. Of the total number of Asiatics
employed, 70 per cent, were Japanese,
the balance Chinese. On the same date
at No. 7 mine, out of a total of 300 underground- workers employed, 227 were
Asiatics, and of these 60 per cent, were
Chinese, the balance' Japanese. On
January 5, 1916, out of a total of 350
underground workers employed in No. 4
mine, 258 are Asiatics, of whom 80 per
cent, are Chinese and the balance Japanese.
Asiatics Classified.
Moreover, at the Union Bay wharf
works washer and coke ovens, all the
employees are Asiatics, and divided,
there wero 33 Japanese and 87 Chinese.
The bosses, however, are white men.
Outside of the way boss on the mine
tipple and the engineer, all the outside
employees of the three mines mentioned
are men of the yellow'race from China.
No. 4 mine on January 5, employed 23
Chinese; No. 6 mine, 11 Chinese; No. 7
mine, 14 Chinese. For cutting mine timber Chinese labor is exclusively- used,
and on January 4, 1916, 23 of .these
were employed; the same is true of railway repair work, which on all roadbeds
controlled by mining companies, is performed exclusively by Chinese; on January 4, J916, 70 Chinese w^re thus employed,
Threefifths of Wages to Asiatics.
An examination of tho payrolls cf the
company operating these three mines
discloses that fully three-fifths of tho
amount paid out in wages goes to Asiatic labor, and if in addition to that, the
payroll of tho Union Bay company, who
exclusively employs Asiatic labor, then
four-fifths of the wholo pay goes to
Asiatic labor.
Chinese Merchants.
But, as has boon pointed out before,
unlike the United States, on Vancouver
island an entirely different olement enters, easily recognized by nn examination of the records aB they apply to imports for merchants. During tho months
of November and December, 1915, 48
per cent, of all freight and imports at
Cumberland were consigned to Chinese
merchants; 21 per cent, to Japanese
merchants, and only 31 per cent, to merchants of tho white race. From above
figures thon it would nppenr'that 69 per
cent, of all the commerco at Cumberland is conducted by Asiatics, and 3.1
por cent, by white merchants. While
exact figures with roferonco to commerco or labor prevailing in other mining towns of the island nro not at hand,
but it is well known thnt both aro very
similar at Nnnnimo, Ladysmith and
South Wellington.
Is White Man Doomed?
Will this commercial revolution in
progress in tho coal mining region
Vancouver island succeed and finnlly
terminate in thc driving out of the
white merchants, tho samo as tho helpless white miner could bo driven outf
Suicidal Policy.
While ono may wonder that the large
commercial interests, not only on Vnncouver island and beyond in British
Columbia, but all Canada, have not
raised a protest beforo thiB; it must
nevertheless be assumed that beforo
long powerful influences will be brought
to boar not so much on tho operating
mine companies—more or less foreign
companies—but on tho government
which finally will find methods which
successfully will cause coal companies
to exterminate Asiatic commercialism,
and thus preservo tho employment of
white labor in the coal mines on Vancouver island.
General board member of Victoria
Street Railway Employees' union,
who has been elected, by acclamation,
as councillor for Esquiraalt, Vancouver Island, municipality.
Future Meetings Will Be Held on Seeond and Fourth Wednesdays/
Night men will no longer be called
upon to sacrifice their leisure time to
attend an afternoon meeting. The day
men have decided that in future' the
business of the division can be transacted on the second and fourth Wednesday evenings of each month.
Many expressions of sympathy are extended to the conductors these days on
account of having to stand several houra
on the back of a street car. People are
continually asking why the company do
not equip the cars with doors on the
back end during the winter time! But,
of course, that would mean unnecessary
expense, as this climate on the coast
does not warrant it. However, the next
best thing is being done. Plain glass
iB being placed in the front, behind the
motorman, so now the conductor will
have the pleasure of seeing the front-
end man sitting in his warm vestibule,
and that should help some.
The last meeting decided that Brother
G. Hubble, who has been acting business agent for some time, shall retain
that office during the time that F, A.
Hoover is away. Bro. Hoover is expected back early in February.
Some of our members are apparently
not very well acquainted with the various clauses in the agreement between
this division and tho employing company. For instance, there is a clause
whereby tho company agrees to pay
time and one-half to a man after working nine hours. No person could reasonably expect a man to work for any-
thindg less than that after finishing a
day's work. •
Any member not In possession of a
copy of the agreement can secure one
from the recording secretary, who will
provide them with a copy if he has to
break open the kiddies' money box to
pay for it.
Our sick committee has several reports of sick brothers.   You can easily
secure tbe addresses if you feel disposed
to visit either of the sick members.
J. E. G.
Electrical   Workers   and   Commercial
Telegraphers to Co-operate.
The first steps toward a closer affiliation and practical co-operation betwoen
the Electrical Workors and tho Commercial Telegraphers woro taken at tho
St. Paul convention of the former organization when a resolution instructing
thc incoming executive board to seek a
conference with the proper officers of
tho Commercial Telegraphers' union for
tho purpose of conducting a joint campaign of organization among the om-
ployccs of the Westorn Union and Postal Telegrnph companies nnd perfecting
an alliance to bring about thorough organization in the telegraph field. The
offlcors of tho telegraphers wolcomo the
proposition, and it is expected that
some satisfactory working agreement
will bo arrived at before long.
Activities of Michel Local Union at
Last Meeting.
MICHEL, B. C, Jan. 24.—At the Inst
meeting of Michel local of the U. M.
W. of A., it was decided that the pillar-
men should go back to work, and mako
another trial to Bee if it is possible to
make wages. Meantime the membership have assessed themselves #1 per
month each to assist those in need.
A communication from tho district offices in re a resusitation of the official
paper, tho District Ledger, wns up for
As nil educational medium we need
our own papers. Economic ignorance is
a curse; it is deadlier than poverty. Indeed, but for ignorance, poverty and
n.iilimn.irefl could not exist side by side.
Ignorance makes it possible for tho employing and ruling class to uphold their
power and the poor to endure tho injustices and criminal follies of society.
Mr. T. Connor of Vancouvor wns in
the camp on Friday last, but the cold
weather put a crimp in his meeting.
The answer of tho minister of labor
to tho request ot the district officers fm
n now nppointment to tho chairmanship
of tho disputes committeo in this territory was tho reappointment of tho sumo
gentleman wo hnd protested ngnuiit,
Local Union Secures New Agreement
With B. C. Breweries, Ltd.
After negotiations extending over a
period of three months, tho members of
local 281 of tho International Union of
United Brewery Workers have succeeded in signing up a new working ngreement with the British Columbia Breweries, Ltd., embracing Vancouver, Nanaimo and Cumberland. Somo slight
concessions over the old agreement were
secured, but for tho moBt pnrt tho provisions of the old agreement stilt obtain.
The agreement will not expire again
until six months after tho declnrntioii
of peace. It was formally endorsed by
tho local Trades and Lnbor couneil at
last meeting. The Now Westminster and
Victoria locals which havo been waiting
for a sottlomont in Vancouver, are now
negotiating their respective scales
along similar conditions. K. P. Pettipiece, who wns acting-president of tho
central labor body at the timo thc scale
expired, represented tho international in
assisting tho local union.
Shipping Hogs Are in Clover
Up to the Knees in
the Trenches
What One Newspaperman
Has to Say About the
Joys of Battle
Coal Dealers Organise.
Local eoal dealers have joined forces
—gone on striko—with the result thut
the price of coal hnfl been increased $1
per ton. The miners' wages remain tho
same and they are still denied ovon the
right to organize.
The Oat ln the Bag.
"Wo are not going to war just because wo mako an increase in our military equipment of from twenty-five to
fifty por cent. We need an army for
its moral influence, if for nothing else,
In a nntion of 100,000,000 there are
liable to be riots, moliB and Insurrections, which ennnot bo regulated except
by tho presence of an army."—Ex-President Tnft in World's Chronicle.
[By W. M. O.]
From the Glasgow Herald of 86tk
November: "Bates (shipping freight!)
are advanced on the food routes any; *
thing from 50% to 80% since the war
began. In the case of refrigerated tonnage from both Australasia and tht
River Plate, the government has takes
over the whole refrigerated freights
space. The advance in the rates in the \
Australian route approximates about
50%. On the Argentine route rates an
fully -100% up. But on the north At*
laatic routes, from the United States
and Canada, the increase in refrigerated;
freights, it is .said, represents anything
from 400% to 800%."
For suoh as these, -Britannia rules the
wavesl Did anyone mention the Defence of the Realm actt
Making Things Fit In.
The Bradford Observer reports the
Rev. E. A. French, of Kirk gate chapel,
Bradford, thusly: "It was in the life
of the days ln which we live—reflected
in the daily press—that he would expect to find the suueme proof of the
Christian religion. He was prepared te
take the daily newspaper, full of war
and tumult and bloodshed and.bitterness and confusion, and to aay that It
was the witness to and vindication of
the claim of Christ."
Which all goes to prove that yon
never can tell! Given the proper proportions of patience, perseverance and
sweet oil, we will yet learn what Christianity really is.
From tbe Table of Dives.
Among the many "useful gifts" sent
to the Craegronach Military Red Cross
Hospital, as reported in the troon and
Prestwick Times of 26th Nov., is to be
noticed the following: "Mrs. Hamilton
Wallace, the Bungalow, bread crumbs."
Crumbs from the master's table, what!
That Gargantuan Quisle.
Here 'a a pointer worth while for budding campaigners. In order to start the
economy campaign, and induce the riv-
etter's wives to buy fewer SO guinea
pianos, a banquet, in fact a lord mayor's banquet, was held at the London
Guildhall, whioh eost £860 for food and
drink alone. Champagne cost 12s a
bottle; turtle soup 2s (id a plate; and
cnsserolos of partridge 2a a portion.
Somo people, other than the Scotch,
have a very poorly developed sense of
Where the Scotch Oet Off.
The Rev. Norman McLean, in an article in the London Standard, denounces
the depopulation of tbo rural districts
by the lairds in no unmeasured terms.
Ho says, "They took the earth from
him; they took the sunlight from him;
they darkened the moon and the stars
for him—-until at last they took Ood
Himself from him. And it has all been
so cunningly wrought that he is all unconscious that he has been driven out of
Paradise. That is the essence of the
grim tragedy."
Norman has no illusions about the
hereafter. Ho works for tbe present
If thore were a few moro like him in
the churches, many of us might listen
to the organ plnying on the inside, instead of us we pass by tho door.
Back to the Fundamentals.
Wiegand, the well-known newspaper
correspondent, writing from the Austro-
Italian front, gives tho following pen-
picture of the actual joys of the battle-
Held: "Officers from the western front
sny that tho wounded who lay in tbe
Argonne woods and elsewhere made the
battlefield resound all night long with
cries for 'Mother.'
'They particularly observed that the
Germans nnd French did tho same. Thia
is cHpouinlly true of the new troops,
and in tho earlier part of tho war. Officers here told mo that it was heartrending to hear tho pitiable cries after
charges, and especially ut night those
of the Italian sold torn crying 'Mamma,
nun,' often mixed with the sobs ot the
dying, lower and lower, ns unconscious*
ness npproachod." This iB war, shorn
of its glory and glamor, and bubble reputation!
Didn't Notice the Deficiency,
The Irish still maintain their reputation for modesty. The other day, while
a "son of the sod" wns sailing for
"fiirrin parts," a kind old gentleman
remi tided him that he was leaving his
eountry behind. Pat thanked him, and
ami answered that it didn't belong to
him; but to the landlords.
According to recent reports, tho flnan-  *•
cicrs terms for allowing tho Allies to
win nro likely to bo raised within the
next few weeks.
Seventy-five Per Oent. of Contributions
Are Not Distributed.
According to a report recently published by officers of the Salvation Army
in Dayton, Ohio, about 25 por cont. of
tho funds received goes to assist'the
poor, for whom tho money is intended,
and 75 per cent, goes for salaries ami
oxponsos incident to tho giving away of
the 25 por cent.
Tho reports show that during the year
ending September 20, 1015, a total of
t40.H0.54 was received, of which $1150.49
was expended for relief, groceries, coal,
clothing, shoes, lodging, otc, and the
remainder, or 12404.10, wns expended
for rents, salaries and tho liko, with a
balance of $41.05 left on hand.
Tho report of tho army's "Christmas
effort" shows thnt $500 hod been collected and that $750 was received from
the fodoration of ohnrlty and philanthropy. Out of this $1250 only $558.42
actually wont for food, and outside of
nil the expenses a balance of $454.44 ro-
■■mined on hand, which tho captain said
"wont into their relief fund."
86 Branches is Canada
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters ef credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at Ugliest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital
Tetal Aeeete • -
. | 11,600,00
One Dollar will open
the aeoount, and your
bualneaa will ba welcome bo It large ar
Brandies and correspondents
throughout tbo world
Asteti ..
Deposit! .
.. |6S,000,000
... 48,000,000
Saving, and household accounts In*
vlted. Joint accounts opened when re*
qnlred for two 01 more penons, toy
one of whom msy depoelt or withdrew,
money.   Intereil le paid on balances.
Bsnklng iceounte opened (or Socle*
tie., Lodgee, Trustee., Executor, or
(or private purposes.
Paid op capital    6,000,000
Reeerve (und      6,43»,a62
Comer Hastings and Cambie Its.
When yoa want to phone to Vancouver Island, to the Kootenay or down
tha coast, ase tbe telephone right be.
elde roe.    Every telephone le • long
There 1. no difficulty ia bearing the
party at the other end. ,,■■'■ .	
So when yon want to telephone long
distance, do so from your own house
or offlce. .    ,4
Tou get yoar party, or you don I
oay. That moans yon get your answer. And all ia a few moments, too.
Printers and
Labor Temple
Phone Say. UOO
priatenof The pud.
Unequalled Vaudeville Mesns
1:45,7:20,9:18    Season's Prices;
HstlnH,   l»Ci   Bventots,   18c,   25c.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities In Ulxed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
I-oultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of IM aeres
to Aetual Bottlers—
TERMS—Besldenee on the Und
for at least three years; Improvements' to tbe extent of »5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at leaat Are aeres.
For further information apply to
Published every Friday morning by tbe B. O.
Federatloniat, Limited
B. V. Pettipiece Managing-Director
Offlce:    Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7496
Subscription:    $1.50 por yoar; in Vancouver
City, $2.01); to unlona subscribing
in a body, $1.00
Now Wrstminster \V. Yates, Box 034
Princo Bupert W. E. Donning, Box 531
Victoria A. S. Weill, Box 1538
'Unity of Labor: tbe Hope of tbe World."
the company to send men here.
Juat what the coming inquiry will
bring forth round ns to be seen, but to
thoae who have followed thc iniquitous
truil of private detective agencies in
industrial disputes, the outcome is not
in much doubt.
If "thinking is a disease," it certainly is not an epidemic.
from ,the headquarters of one of
the local regiments recruiting fpr
overseas service, to employers of lubor,
makes very interesting reading.    The
time will come, wo believe, when it will be
a historic document of
„ considerable argumen-
tativo value to workingmen.   That will be
after the war is over, and a labor situation has arisen which will give the
communication a cogent relation to it,
*       •       #
It has appeared in full in the local
press, and has been the subject of com
ment from that source.   But we have
not noticed that any one af the newspapers has thought itself fit or able to
say in plain English just what the request contained in it means.   It says:
May I suggest that you hold to
your organisation a skeleton crew
of   your   older,   experienced   and
trusted employees,  and encourage
the enlistment of those whom you
can spare for the Empire's noedf
Many men now only await your
suggestion and guidance.   You undoubtedly can fill their plaees temporarily, for, say—a year or bo—
with older men br capable young
Considering how very difficult it is to
get a job here at thiB time, we cannot
see any other interpretation to such a
suggestion aB is contained in the above
letter but this: "Discharge men of military age from your employ, so that they
will be confronted with a choice of
either starving or enlisting," Conscription 'bets are not the only means
of securing compulsory service. We
have several times said we would
neither urgo a man from enlisting nor
to enlist, because we feel he Bhould be
in a positidn to make such a choice entirely of his own free will. To put a
man in circumstances whore he must
either enlist or starve is to give him
no option—except to steal.
THE   MINISTERIAL   Association
recently invited- the editors of the
newspapers bf thiB city to meet
them at a kind of informal lunch, to
diBcuss the part which the press can
play in the social and
mU« mamamtl general welfare of the
THB PED. "..        m   ,
«..« «*- citizens. In due course
the event took place,
and was reported in
the daily newspapers.
We were not invited, and 00 consequently cannot say if the report was a true
one or not. Nor do we deeply deplore
not having been permitted to participate in the costly collation which doubtless formed the gastronomic part of the
But we do take it as significant that
these men of God did not deem it fit or
proper to have the representative of the
press of organized labor with them on
that occasion. We feel sure we could
have done justice to the gathering—
both at the time and after. But we are
a somewhat lowlier quantity in the
press of the city than the big daily
papers with their large circulations,
and perhaps what our friends of the
cloth sought chiefly was advertisement
and publicity. Certainly they were not
seeking stimulating criticism, or they
would have come and fetched us; rather
than run the risk of the appalling gap
which our absence would havo made in
their numbers.
achieved a good deal of notoriety
as the result of a destructive industrial disturbance which took place
there. Thfee men wero killed, a number were injured, and
many buildings destroyed, following a
fight between armed
detcctlvca and workmen. The daily press
contained roports which woro calculated to leave no doubt in the minds of
the rending public that the trado unionists of that city wore to blame for the
trouble. That was only natural, the
policy of the press in auch cases being
when in doubt, don't spoil the story,
lay it all on to the labor unions."
#        a        *
However, now that the excitement
hns cooled down a little, more and reliable information is obtainable. District
Attorney A. M. Henderson, whose official duties called upon him to investigate the affair, says:
After 48 hours of constant and
careful investigating I can say that
organized labor haB a clean bill of
health in thc east Youngstown riot,
and, not only that, but loaders of
organized labor did everything
they could to prevent trouble,
though the men wero not their men
and were not organized. President
James A. Campbell, of tho Youngs- ,
town Sheet and Tube company, will
bo summoned to go before the
grand jury, and Campbell'will be
ordered to bring with him all books
and records showing what detective agencies have been hired by
LABOR   CONDITIONS   in   Britain
ufter the war is over, arc a mat-
tor which is giving a good deal of
uneasiness to people anxious to see tho
workers drop buck to the former Bteady
drudgery as docile aa
GETTING V°SBme-    Th°y  C°Unt
on the situation being
READ"trnn*2       0ne wMck is ab™hltfl-
THE SHOOK.      ly   wUhout  preeedentj
both as to magnitude
and quality, in the history of the economic life of the country. They are
right about that, and are making preparations to receive the shock with as
little disturbance to their material
equanimity as they can devise.
One aspect of this is seen in a letter
recently uddressed to employers of labor by the National Free Labor association.   It runs:
At tho conclusion of hostilities
the return of throe million soldiers
into civil lifo must inevitably result   in   a   huge   social   upheaval,
whon lubor will be thrown into the
melting pot.   Please read the enclosed printed matter and you will
see that organized labor is already
moving in a suspicious manner. This
iB no time for Blackened effort, if
we are to counteract their machinations, and we trust you will favor
ua with a renewal of the contribution which it has been our privilege
to receive for so many years.
The association ia a society formed
for the purpose of promoting a stronger
sense of independence and individuality in workmen, so that they may escape
the blighting  influences   which arises
out of combining with others of their
class for common economic protection,
Its activities have for years been well-
known to the organized labor movement
in Britain, and doubtless this most recent' spasm will get the attention it deserves.       _]_	
MB.   P.  M.   DRAPER,   secretary-
treasurer of the Trades and Labor  Congress  of Canada, does
not strongly approve of tbe existence
of provincial federations of labor.   He
made    'that   -very
.>*.**.«.«<. clear  in   a   BPeectl
™™?,^J   «"»•"«*»   of   the
* **i* m*. wauu *       Congress    recently
held here. The British Columbia Federation of Labor has,
up to the present, borne the ehief part
of the burden, both financially and
otherwise, of trying to secure a better
Workmen's Compensation act for the
workers of this province.
»      *      *
But there is still a good deal of agitation work to be done if the act when it
■is finally pasBed, is to be worth having.
That will require some money, besides
constant vigilance on the part of those
who have charge of labor's interests in
connection with thiB matter. We
lieve the Congress made appropriations
amounting to something like $1700 to
assist the trade unionists of Ontario to
get their act.
There is no federation of labor in
that province. But that should not con
stitute any reason why the Congress
should be less ready to help British Columbia financially to a,t least the same
degree as Ontario. The $100 sent laBt
week to the British Columbia Federation of Labor by the Congress, cannot
be regarded as anything more than "on
account," considering the assistance extended to Ontario.
for better wages and working
hours. They are entitled to both,
but they will have to do more by way
of getting them for themselves by organization, than by
continually going as
supplicants to the city
hall. The last time
they got an improvement in their conditions, it was the reault of assistance
rendered them by Vancouver Trades
and Labor council. At their request it
organized them into a union.
«      *      *
Tho city authorities then offered to
give way to their request if they would
abandon their union. They did that,
and got what they wanted. Since then
they have got a lot which they did not
want—und they aro likely to,get moro
of it unless they are prepared to organize themselveB to got it as a matter
of their right.
aro censored before the public-
are permitted to soe them,'by a
moving picture censor. He Ib an official
of the provincial government, whose
primary recommendations for hia job were
his political views, He
was put into office by
Premier Bowser, who
was Only attorney-
general nt that time. He had no special
qualifications for the work then, and
has proved that he has not acquired any
since, Hia methods of administration
are narrow/stupid, puritanical and pettifogging to a degree where it has now
become almost impossible to see a really
good moving picture in local theatres.
Joe—not Joe Martin—Joe of Austria
is dying again. His illustrious prototype Charlie number two of England,
at least had the decency to apologize
for the delay he required over the aame
job, but Joe evidently declines to be
rushed, and intends to do it in his own
The quickest way to make timo pass
is to put your name on two or three
promissory notes.
War is very much like many another
human passion—the moment of gratification is the beginning of disillusionment.
Will local employers pay men's wages
to the "capable young women" whom
the military authorities recommend
them to take on in the place of young
men of military eligibility whom they
are advised to discharge?
'Bill" Crooks, the labor member in
the British parliament, has been made
a privy councillor. Press reports say
his wife is insisting that ho shall wear
tho comic opera clothos called court'
dross.   Servo him right.
Andrew Fisher, late prime minister
of Australia, "Ab to conscription, I am
irrevocably opposed to it." He might
have added) "incidentally I am leaving
Australian politics for good, ao it makes
no difference anyway."
Sir Richard McBride has reached
London safely. That^a aoraetbing to be
thankful for theBe gray days. Ab long
as there was a chance that something
might cauae him to turn back, this province was in danger of getting him
The correct meaning of the word patriotism, according to most persona in
authority in Britain today, aeema to be
to follow without question the instructions of a group of incompetent politicians who never began to know what
administration means.
The history of government in Canada ia a trail of political patronage,
honeycombed with peculation and official corruption.* Since the war commenced all past records in thia regard
have been excelled. Scarcely a cent of
money has been spent on war contracts
which has not been the subject of a
"graft" inquiry.
Financiers loolf upon the suggestion
of repudiation in regard to the war
loans with horror. But if all the nations go in for it then thinga would
eventually right themselveB, and there
would also be the advantage of the
probability of war ceasing on account
of the unpopularity of war bonds.
"Scraps of paper," "the rights of
small nations," "tho dignity of international law," and moat of those
phrases which were so often heard a
year ago, have apparently died as natural a death as "Tipperary." All the
talk now iB trade, trade, trade.
Said the News-Advertiser last Wednesday/"Some comfort is found in the
reflection that thiB will be the laat great
war in the world." The net result of
tbo war up to now, has beon accelerated
and accentuated militarism. If our
contemporary if eels as it spcakB, we can
not help it; it must feel that way
cause it wants to and not because there
is a single material reason .for it doing
As a patriotic fund suggestion, the
Winnipeg Voice puts thiB forward;
Here is a further request to Premier Borden.   Let him make a call
upon 50,000 of the accredited well-
to-do and wealthy men of Cnimda
to pay a pro rata assessment upon
their holdings to maintain the families of tbe enlisted men and to take
care of the returned soldiers.
But that's another story, of course.
Some of the banks are turning a bit
eold on the recruiting business. First
of all they offered to keep open the jobs
of all employees who liked to go, and
cheerfully filled the empty stools with
girls. But such a lot of clerks have decided that a bank is a good thing to get
away from that the managements are
concerned. They don't like to employ
the cheap girl clerkB on responsible
work, and they are afraid of losing
many more men.
Local undertakers appearod before
the civic health committee last Monday
to inform thnt body that tho manner in
which the city disposed of its pauper
dead was "n disgrace to the citizens."
This touching regard for the reputation
of the citizens was tempered with an
evon moro "touching" regard for the
material interests of the undertakers.
What they really meant waB that thoy
are not making enough proflt out of the
disposal of the pauper dead, but after
the manner of their craft they did not
want to make so much noise grinding
their axe as to attract too much attention.
Since so many socialists have been bo
busy trying to kill other socialists, the
business of keeping the Marxian lamp
burning has been participated in by
newspapers which are perhaps just as
much astonished to find themselves doing it as others are. For instance, the
New York Times in its editorial columns recently, said;
Believers in the materialistic or
economic interpretation of history
know that economic influences take
countless forms.    They make and
unmake dynaatiea and overcome racial   prejudices.    Distress   drives .
men together, and for a proflt men
of any other    color or language or
religion will trade together.
As a sign of the times, that will do
very well to be going on with.
It looks quite possible that the military question will split the labor move?
ment in Australia, as it has done elsewhere. Itf so, it will be the capitalists
of that country who will get the biggest
final advantage out of the dispute. They
havo been striving for years to accomplish the same thing by their own efforts* Now it looks as though the war
will make them a present of it.
The San Francisco Bulletin evidently
does not intend to be stampeded by the
Mexican question, or to be reduced to
that mental condition whore it loses its
sense of proportion.   It says:
No falser conclusion could be
drawn from the present Mexican
crisis than that life is held in uncommon respect in the United
States. There is not one great manufacturing city in this country
where life is under all circumstances as sacred ' as property.
Hardly a great industry but has at .
its call a force of private murderers
who can be hired to kill. The furnishing of gunmen is a business in
itself in which agents grow wealthy. Mexican outrages, hideous as
they have been, can be matched
lifo for life by outrages committed
for pay by gunmen on the free soil
of the    United States. s
For a "capitalistic sheet"—and an
exceptionally well edited one at that—
this is* pretty plain Bpeaking,
WiU Also Be Ceded Bight to Sit for
Any Public Office.
Premier Sifton announced, at Edmonton, on Tuesday, that the provincial
legislature would meet on Thursday,
February 24, In connection with the
Women's Suffrage bill, giving women
the right to vote at provincial elections,
which will be introduced by Premier
Sifton at the forthcoming session, it is
the intention of the government to go
still further and introduce the principle
not only into provincial but into municipal and school arenna, giving women
the right both to vote and to hold offlce.
The premier also stated that all
city charters and towns, villages and
school acts would be amended, bo aB to
carry these intentions into effect. Thero
thus will be not a single representative
body in Alberta for which women can
not vote arid in which they can not sit.
In other words) they will be on an absolute equality with men in all public
matters in Alberta.
Carpenters Win Jurisdiction.
Tho dispute of years' standing between the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and the International Bridge and Structural Iron
Workera, na to which organization
should have jurisdiction over dock
workera' unions, was decided Tuesday
in favor of the carpenters by a committee appointed by Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of
Labor, to determine the morits of the
controversy. The committoe was headed by John Ferguson, president of the
Maryland Federation of Lnbor.
Still Another Federationist.
A few weeks ago the Nevada Federationist reached the editorial sanctum.
Now the Oklahoma Labor Unit has
passed from private hands into the ownership of the Oklahoma State Federation of Labor, and its name changed to
the Oklahoma Federationist. Ollie S.
Wilson is editor, and Edgar Fenton
business manager under the new dispensation. There seems to be a growing
tendency toward the ownership by local
and atate central bodies of all labor
papers,   .
Are you
a Lover
of nice dinnerware, looking
for extra good quality at
a low price. We are
pleased to quote prices
and give estimates on our
stock of patterns.
Special—07-piece dinner
set, English ware, in
white and gold, with a
thread line in black; extra
good quality; handsome in
design, 915.76; regular
Millar &Coe,
120 Hastings Street
776 Granville Street
not for any claaa of the people.
Clean, newsy and bright—a newspaper you can trust. THE SUN
upholds the principle of government by the people.
KEEP IN TOUCH with the
news of the day, by reading THE
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By carrier 10c per week, or- $5
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States, 50c. per month.
Laat Disgraceful Chapter Is About to
Be Written by Foreclosure.
The last and what may be the most
momentous chapter in the history of
the famous Danbury Hatters' caae, in
which D. E. Loewe & company of New
York, sued more than 200 members of
the United Hatters of North America
under the provisions of the Sherman
anti-trust law for boycott and recovered $252,000 .■ damages and cogts after
ten years of litigation, waB closed in the
United States district court in New
Haven & week ago yesterday, when
Judgo Edwin S, Thomas granted a motion for foreclosure made by attorneys
for Loewe & company.
The order,is directed against 140 of
the defendants, and the foreclosure proceedings run against 140 separate pieces
of property in Danbury anij thirty in
Bethel and Norwalk. In nearly every
instance the homo of a defendant is involved. * 1
"Say, pa, who are the deserving
Pa—Those who don't deserve to be
poor, my son.
Aik  for Labor Temple  'Phont BMhSBit,
Seymour ,7400   (ueImi  othtnrlH  stated).
Cooks, Walten, Waitreiiei---Boom 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Worker* (ouUide)—E. H. Morriion, Boom 207.
Engineers   (iteira)—Room 216; E. Frender-
5 lilt.
Ibut   Flihermen'i   Unlcn—Ruisoll   Kear-
ley,  437 Gore avenue.    Offlce phone,  Seymour 4704; reiidonce, Highland 1344L.
Longihoremen'a Association—G. J. Kelly; 10
Powell Street; phone Sey, 6860.
Musician!—H. J. Brasfleld, Boom 805,
Ballon—W.  8. Burni,  213 Hutlngi itreet
weit.     Sey.  8703.
Streot Railway Fmployeea—Fred A. Hoover;
cor.   Main  and  Union.    Phone  Exchange
Seymour 6000.
Typographical—B. H. Neelanda. Boom 206.
Allied Printing Trades Oounoil—B. H. Neelands, Bos 60.
Barbers—a H. Grant, 1801 7th Avenne W.
Bartenden—H. Davie, Box 424.
Blackamithi—Malcolm Porter, View Hill
P. O.
Bookbinder!—W. H. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty
fourth avenue eut.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Bt.
Brewery Worken—Chu, O. Austin, 783 7th
Ave. Eut.
Brlcklayen—William 8. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpentera District Council—P. L. Baratt, Boom 208, Labor Temple.
Clgarmaken—W. H. McQueen, care KurU
Cigar Faotory, 72 Water Street.
Cooki, Walten, Waitreiiei—Andy Graham,
Boom 804, Labor Temple.
Electrical Workeri (outiide)—E. H. Morriion, Boom 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical. Workeri (Inilde)—F. L. Kiting-
hausen, Boom 207.
Engineers—_, Prendorgait, Boom 216, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Colombia
Garment Worken—Mn, Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Halibut FlBbermen'i Union—Bunetl Kearloy,
487 Gore avenue,
Horseshoers—Labor Temple.
Letter Carriers—Bobt. Wight, Dlitrlet     68.
Laborers—George Harrison, Boom 220, Labor Temple.
Locomotive Firemen and Engineers—O. Howard, Port Coquitlam.
Local Engineen—L. T. Solloway, 1167 Har-
'   wood,    Tel. Bey. 1348B.
Longihoremen—J. G Kelly, 10 Powell Btreet
Machinists—J. H. Brooke, Room 211, Labor
Milk Driven—Stanley Tiller, 813 Eighteenth
avenue weit.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806, Labor
Moving Picture Operators—L. II, Goodman,
Labor Temple.
Painters—Goo. Weston, Boom 808, Labor
Plumbers — Boom 206 %, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Prenmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—John James Cornish, 1809 Eleventh avenue Eait,
Pattern Makers—J. Campboll, 4669 Argyle
Quarry Workers—Jamee Hepburn, care Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A. E. MeCorvIlIe. Box
Railway Carmen—A. Robb, 420 Nelion
Seamen'i Union—W. S. Barm, P. O. Box
Structural Iron Workers—Boom 208, Labor
Stonecutters—Jamei   Eayburn,   P.   O.   Box
Sheet Metal Worken—J. W. Alexander, 9120
Pender street eait.
Street Railway Employees—-Jamee E. Grlffln,
166 Twenty-flfth avenne eut.
Stereotyperi—W. Bayley, cart Province,
Televrtphera-j-n. B. Peppln, Boa 412.
Tradea and Libor Counoll—Oeo. Bartley,
Room 110 Labor Temple.
TvpoKranhlcal—H. Neelanda, Box II.
Tallore—C. McDonald, Box 101       ^
Thoatrieel Stage Eapleywi   Ota, W. ABla,
Boa Til.
Tllelayers   and  Helpers—A. Jamlwoa,   540
Twenty-thlH avenue tut.
1 flnt aad third Thursday!. Exeoutlve
board:   Jimei H. McVety, preaident; H. P.
U'eUipiece, vice-president; Mists Helena Gut-
|terldge, general iecretary, 210 Labor Temple;
Fred Knowles, treaiurer; W. H. Cotterill,
■tatistician; iergeant>et-arini, John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brookos, trustees,
$12.00, $15.00
or $18.00
Is your limit for
see what we have to offer.
Good Variety, New Stylet
The Men's Clothing Centre
1217-1219-1221    Government   St
and Trounce Avenue
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terlrtbry. tbe Northweit Territoriei and
in a portion of tbe Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
yeara at an annual rental of $1 an aore. Not
more than 2,660 acrei will be leaiod to one
Applications for lease muit be made by the
applicant In person to the Agent or Sab-Aaeflt
of the district In whioh the rlghta applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land muit be described by lections, or legal lubdivliione of
section!, and in unBurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be itaked by tne applicant hlmielf.
Eaoh application muit be accompanied by
a fee of 15, whieh will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available, bat not
otherwise. A royalty ihall, be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at tht rate
of five centi per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish tbe Agent with iworn returni accounting lor the full quantity of merchantable
ooal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the eoal mining rlghta are not being operated,
sneh returni ahould be furnished at leait onee
a rear.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted'
to purchase whatever available nrfaee rights
may be considered necessary tot; ihe working
of tha mine at tha nte or flO an acre.
For fall information application ihould be
made to tht Seoretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to aay Agent or Sab-
Agent al Dominion Landa.
W. H. CORT.   .
D.pity Mlnliter of tha Interior.
Ht. B.—Uaautleriied poMleaUoa at this ad-
virilism** wlU net ft pell to-10610
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
J. J. JONES,      3. A. EENNIE,
Man. Dlreotor Sec.-TreM.
Houses, Bungalows, Storei
ud modem nates for rent
it a tig reduction.
Safety Depoelt Boxee for rent at
(2.50 up.  Wills drawn np free of
' oharge.
Deposits accepted aid Interest at
Four per cent allowed oa dally
ALLIED   PRINTING   TRADES    COUNCIL.—Meets second  Monday  ln  the
month    Pn.ld.nt, H. J. Belkeli eesnwf,
B. H. Nocland., I'. O. Box 06.
Doe, Room 208 Labor Temple. Meeta
flnt Sunday or eaoh month. President,
Jams. Cunpb.ll; luneitl Moratory H.
Usvls, Box 4114, phons Soy, 4753; recordina
secretary, Wm. Moltlanaw, Glob. Hod, Mala
—Meets every 1st and Srd Tuesday,
8 p.m., Room S07. President H. P. Wand;
corresponding seeretsry, W. S. Dtgnall, Box
63; financial secretary, W. J. Pipe.; business
stent, W. S. Dssn.il, Room 815.
end Iron Ship Builder, ud Helpers
oJ America, Vsneouwr Lodse No. 1»4—
Haets Irst snd third Hondsys, I p. a.
Pnsldtnt, A. Campbell, 71 8mniHalh annua wtat; ssmtsry, A. Itaser, 1151 Have
.. J*"""! Kmx mi L'bor Temple, mry
Kl8.-U% 8 -■,■,"•• *P»s«ent, D. W. Mc6oug.II,
1162 Powell street! recording secretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; flnanolal secre*
If "Sf. b.""!11'*! Oauu, «. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
I SOCIATION, Local B852. Office, As.o-
clatlpn hall, 10 Powell slrecl. Meets every
Sunday. 2:30 p.m. Thomas Nixon, aeeretary.
».Hi?PRTg AMBMOA.-Vane?OT?r and
vlelnlty. Branch meeta 1st and 3rd Fridays al Labor Tampls, room JOS.   H. Ntgkt-
•est; Jos. O. Lyon, flnanolal aeeretary. 1711
?"■>« •'»•'. J* Osmpb.ll, reeordEfc ,'S
retary, isss Argyle etreet.
*"jOTMS. «f»eer tHtSot si 101-
Heets Labor Tsmpls, seeond and fourth W.d-
m "..*!? *!,'( *!'° I?4 8 PJ"* Treeident, W.
It. Cotterill; recording secretary, Jas. E. Orif-
On, 106 Twcnty.fitth avenue east; financial
secretary and business agent, Fred A.
,0D*a«KS5y    M»WW     ONION    0»
AMERICA.   Loeal   Ne.   17S—Meatlnie
Md flrst Tnaaday la eaa montb. il   £
Miss H. Oauerldsei reeerdtat e.e, O.  M»
________r» t- -
p.-"Mvr,iu' ?.?,«? t_\
B.    0.    FEDERATION Of' LABOR—Meete
In annual convention la January. Eiecutive officer., 1016*17; Pre.ldent, Joi. H. hte-
votyi , vice-presidents —■ Vancouver. 3.
Brookss, E. Morrison; Vletorle,  O.  Siverts;
f; a. Denning; Rml.teke, J. Lynn; Dls-
*J«^ ■•. B. >? W. tt A. (Vaneoowr Island).
WJBead; District 18, U. M. W. ol A
(Crow's best Tallsyl. A. J. Carter; seer*
_!_______&. R A tab US
OIL—MeeU flnt sad third Wednesday,
£*£' a^J^.**SUm*V* l-"™ "tJ
Ir !!-,JpM,Jd"l'i A* J* Wells; sscretary. a*.
Holdrldge, Box loa, Vlctoris. h. 0.      '
M-0.'..-V,;rlt?'o1'"?1 ".'• N;w Wesimtaslet.
Meets second Sunday of eaeh month et 1:80
p,m;_ Secretary, T. W. Jameeon^Box 406
ADA—Meets In convention September ol
each year. Executive board: Jas. C. Walter,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B. C; secretary-treasurer, P. M. Dra-
per, Drawer 515, Ottawa. Ont.
Directors: R. p. Pettlplece, James
Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wiliiy, W ™
Ne«|e. F. Blumberg, H. H. Free, Miss Helena
Gutteridgo J. Byron. Managing director:
Jas. H. McVety. room 211. Labor Temnle.
at call of president, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. O. Dlrecton i Jones Campbell,
president; J. H. McVety, secretary-treasurer;
A Watchman. A. 8 WeUs. R. Perm. Pettipiece, managing director, Room 217, Labor
Temple.   Telephone: Seymour 7485
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
. Of Amebic*  Jcbr
Vote agftlnit prohibition! Demand por-
tonal llbtrtjr ln chooilnp what yon will drink.
Aik for thli Label 'when purehwlnf Beer,
Ale or Potter, at a Aartattt that it la Union Made. Thli la oar Label
> ■■■
*/   FRIDAY ....
JANUABY 28, 1916
REAL SHOE ECONOMY is provided when the shoes
actually withstand every demand made upon them
over a fixed period of time, ^he only kind which jive
service are those which are HONESTLY built of HONEST
leather by experienced manufacturers.
The reason for the success of LECKIE SHOES is because
these essentials exist in LECKIE SHOES—there is absolutely
no "experiment"
Some shbes are made merely to sell at a low price. They may
look as. good as a LECKIE. But LECKIE SHOES are made
will be worn long after the other kind is forgotten.
That's real shoe economy—the only kind you can afford. ,
Named Shoe* are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
ra matter what Its name, unless lt bears a
plain and readable Impression or tbls stamp.
AU shoes without tbe Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
246 Bummer Street, Boston, Mus.
3. F. Tobln, Pres.   0. L. Blaine, Sao-Traaa.
Telephone 895
Corner BeiUe aal Treat Streete
Wholesale, retail and (amlly trade
mw WES-namm. b. o.
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 190S
"Why should any man or body of men tell you,
that after a day's heavy toil you cannot have the enjoyment
of a glass oi beer; he is a tyrant, who says
Be on your guard, or the tyrant will steal your liberty.
Let our distributor deliver a case of our products. We make
two brands: Britannia and Premier.   Try them.
The Name
stands for all the essential requirements of a first-
class bottle beer. CASCADE on a bottle of beer is—
"• like the Sterling mark on silver—proof that it's good-
honest beer, brewed right, bottled clean, in the most
modern plant on the Pacific Coast, by CANADIAN
UNION WORKMEN. We also manufacture high-
grade—UNION MADE—aerated waters.
You'll find they are of thui same high standard as
you are accustomed to in our brand of CASCADE
BEER. On sale everywhere.
Vancouper Breweries Limited
Delegate to the central labor body (rom thu
Tailors' union—Eleoted aB general nee-
i-etnry at laBt nieeting to succeed George
Enlistments Brings Labor
Scarcity in Bounds of
Employers   " Kidnapping"
Workers from Each
Other's Shops
[Special Australian Correspondence]
SYDNEY, N. S. W.yNJan 7.—My lrt-
est report on the conditions ot the Australian labor market, specially secured
from aU sources for The Federationist,
is act out hereunder, Reports generally
are very optimistic, showing that with
the advance of enlistments, we are fast
approaching the time when labor will
be hard to secure,
The Building Trades.
Generally the position in this section
iB much the same as at laBt report.
Thore wore slack conditions in the plastering und bricklaying trades,
while there was little demand for bricklayers ' laborers. On the other hand,
there was a decided improvement in the
carpentering, plumbing, painting and
allied sections, transport work also absorbing a large body of men. Sustained
activity in the marble and slate trades
were also recorded.
Clothing, Textile, Etc.
There was a general improvement
under this heading. The boot making
trade and order trade section of the
tailoring trade showed activity, following upon a belated seasonal trade demand. Thc dressmaking, hat making
and sail making trades also show marked activity.
Metal TradeB Very Busy.
Under this heading trnde was the best
ever since the war. Particularly was
thiB thc case in regard to the more
skilled branches of tne trades, and the
larger engineering establishments.
The demand for machinery and appliances in connection with the gathering
and transporting of the wheat harvest,
still continues, and with it activity in
the trades affected.
In the electrical trades, there
was slight unemployment, and generally
conditions were good.
Among the wire netting workers
much slackness is still prevailing,
though large orders should now be coming to hand from the pastoralists of the
country. Still, the wire workers are
showing up better than before.
Food Trades Improve.
There was also a decided improvement in this section of trade. While
cold storage and baking work did not
come up to expectations, consistent with
the period, the butchering and moat
packing industries are fast recovering
ikimeoh uobc
put up in
pint bottles
Factory: 1365-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 286
Eli 1W4 Vancouver, B. 0.
the stagnation reported during the last
few months. '
Climatic conditions are still hampering these trades to some extent. The
pastry cook section reports a busy time
since last report. In the flour milling
trade the improvement indicated in last
report, still continues, preparation for
the milling of the new harvest wheat,
being, the occasion for much, employment.
Printing and Other Trades.
Employment in these sections is good.
The government' printing offices are
taking all the labor available at the
present time.
Woodworking conditions are much
about tho same aa at last report. The
wicker working section is still comparatively inactive.
Brick "making and brick carting show
a little falling-off. The same can be said
of the tanning industry, owi-ng to tho
demand for leather falling off)
General Laboring,
In this section, I must report increased activity. The wharf laborers are doing better than at last report, owing to
the shipping of the wool. Harvesting
and shearing work is absorbing all the
available rural labor, together with a
good number of general laborers.
In railway construction there is a
great demand for labor, especially of
the more skilled classes. Although the
coal trade was good for the month,
coal lumpers are not quite, as busy as
they might be.
These Are Busy Ones,
The following industries have reported to Tho Federationist's Australian
office as being good, with plenty of
work offering: Painters, tile .layers,
boot makers, felt hatters, sail makers,
tailors, tuiloresscs, textile workers,
saw millers, furniture makers, bookbinders, paper rulers, letter press machinists, lithographers, typographical hands,
blacksmiths, boilermakers, electrical
trades, ongineers, fitters, turners, pattern makers, farriers, tin can makers,
ship painters, dockers, hair dressers,
rock choppers; brush makers, marble
and slate workers, rope makers, railway
and tramway men, engine drivers, firemen, gas workers, trolleymen, carters,
marine engineers, seamen, fencers, letter
carriers, storemen, shop assistant's and
These Are Normal
The following report normal and fair
conditions: Bakers, millers, sugar workers, tanners, leather dressers, and confectioners.
Beports received from all the Australian states show tbat improvement is
the general order of the day. There
iB a substantial decrease in the numbers of unemployed. Today the number out of work in Australia is approximately 9.5 per cent., as compared with
12 per cent, at the opening months of
the yean The decrease is more marked
in the building trades, clothing and in
the general laboring groups.
Enlistment Affects Conditions.
Enlistments for the army still continue to have an effect on the -skilled
industries of the country. To date
over 200,000 men have enlisted from
Australia, and we are committed to a
total enlistment of 300,000 up to June 30,
1916. While a great number of general
laborers have filled tho armies, it must
not be forgotten that' a large number
nf skilled workers have also gone to the
Employers Want Female Workers.
The effect on the industrial field
would have been more marked than it
has, but for the fact that, wherever
possible the employers of labor aro
asking for female labor to fill the temporary positions vacated by men who
have gone to the front. These positions
have been^ filled, to a great extent by
wives and' dnughters ot enlisted men,
thuB having in many places comparatively little effect on the question of
Of course there is generally a shortage of manual labor, and as time goes
on, consequent to the general enlistment', this must get accentuated. As a
case in point, a leading merchant of
Sydney told me he advertised a whole
week for a competent ledger clerk, and
was unable to secure even one applicant, and was forced to engage female
What the shortage will bo in a few
months' time, I can hardly see, but it
seems to me that we are faced with a
serious depletion of the labor market,
and the time is fast approaching when
a man will be able to "pick his job."
Already a system of industrial "kidnapping''' is going on, many employers
of labor, not being able to secure men,
enticing the men from other works with
advanced pay. Which looks a good
omon for the workerB.
Recent A. F. of L. Convention.
The delegates to the recent A. F. of
L. convention, held at San Francisco,
Boem to hnve .entirely failed to get the
spirit of the speeches made by the fra-
ternul delegates from Great Britain—
C. G. Ammon and E. Bevan, Bays the
San Francisco Blast.
"The British workmen," said Ammon, in addressing the convention, "is
ready to give his lifo to the nation as
soon as tho capitalist and landlord arc
ready to give up their property to tho
The significance of these words fell,
apparently, upon deaf ears. The convention of the greatest organization of
labor in America failed to take a definite stand toward tlie most burning
questions agitating tho country today—
questions upon the solution of which
will vitally depend the fortunes of labor
in the coming years.
Oregon Compensation Act Valid.
Tho supreme court of Oregon held
constitutional tho Oregon Workmen's
Compensation act in a stirring opinion
by Justice McBride. Every contention
aB to the validity of the act was swept
aside and the honorable justice, in conclusion of the opinion says:
"It has been a boon to employers,
the employed and the community, which
latter could, only offer to the injured
laborer the charity of the aim-house instead of that just compensation which
he may now receive without the humiliation of pauperism or the loss of self
Probably no law that wag ever enacted in the state of Oregon has been
fought moro stubbornly by the casualty
companios, and tho ambulance-chasing
lawyers than the compensation act. It
was bitterly contested in the legislature, sent to tho referendum and then
brazenly fought out in the courts—but
it has won every heat and is now a part
of the fixed policy of the state of Oregon in dealing with the problem of recompensing the injured workmen and
their dependents. Tho whole-hearted
support given by the employers, employees and the people alike attest to
its popularly and the wisdom of its enactment. The next step which should be
taken is to make the law compulsory.—
The Timberman.
Delegate to the central labor body from the
Lettor Carriers' association—Elected as
flnanclal   aeeretary   at   laBt   meeting  to
succeed MIib Helena Outterldge.
Wants Heated Street Can;
Editor Federationist: Why is it that
we bave no heat in the street cars!
Where the B.C.E.B. have suoh cheap
power and charge three times as much
per killowatt hour for light as any other
city in Canadaf Besides, they don't
have to spend thousands of dollars
every winter shovelling snow to operate
their cars, like the eastern cities. It
is ridiculous tbat we have to come out
of warm offices or theatres and have to
wait from twelve to fifteen minutes
as that Ib the service on some of the
lines; annd then sit in a car as cold as
a barn, all for the sake of a little heat.
Now, I think it is up to the city council to get busy and look into this state
of uffiairs. \ Look at the poor conductors, standing there from 5 to 7 hours
a shift! I saw one conductor whose
hands were so cold, the other night,
he could hardly make change. It is a
beastly shame and disgrace.
Vancouver, Jan. 26.
Labor Paper Unburdens Its Soul on the
Oreat Question.
' Everybody thinks he can run a paper
better than the benighted souls who
hnve boen placed in that unenviable
position. Maybe it's because tho editor's faults are glaring on-pa—out in tho
open in black and white—or possibly,
it is a queer quirk of human nature,
and tho 30b is so easy, anyway. Running the paper is a sort of sideline with
dots of people. They offer advice in the
same spirit as they would play golf or
One would have the editor a militant
suffragist, another demands that ho rail
against women voting. The prohibitionists can't see how any decent person
can be for the regulated' saloons and
accuse him of selling out to the liquor
interests if he takes that side, while
the "wets" say ho Ib intimidated by
the churches and ruled by the "dryB"
if he is opposed to the saloon.
If the oditor is for anything, the
antis condemn him, and vice versa. If
he doesn't take a stand, he is a molly*
coddle and a jellyfish; if he takes a
stand he tries to dictate to the community; he is a crank, a reformer, a fanatic,
a four-fiushor, a crook, a disturber of
the peace, or just a plain idiot, according as he meets with the desires of his
readers or goes again them. If ho tends
to business, he's a "dead one," if he is
a mixer, he's a "bum."
And there you are.—Oregon Labor
What! In California, Too?
The surplus laborer is always with
ub, in good years and in bad. In good
years he is often able to save enough
during the summer to buy him sufficient
food und abominable lodging during the
winter season. In bad years he becomes a "problem," which various private and public organizations condescendingly potter with, but never settle.
As an individual he inevitably sinks
rapidly from degree to degree of lessening efficiency, steadiness and ambition
until he joins the Bad army of the unemployable.
Daylight Milk Delivery.
By agreement with the milk denlors
of that city, the Milk Wagon Drivers'
local of Oakland, Cal., have entirely
done away with night and early morning delivery of milk. The dealers were
offered the alternative of any hours
from S a.m. to 8 p.m. and ucccpted from
8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Though the agreement
provided a considerable period of time
for adjustment most of tho dairies complied immediately.
Floral Art-
We mako a specialty of wreaths, |
crosses,   harps,  anchors,  pillows,
etc.   See us for subscription designs.   Wo can give you special
810 Oranvllle Stroet
Seymour 2405
Refined Service
One Blook  west  of Court House.
Use  of  Modern  Chapel  end
Funeral  Partore   free  to all
Telephone Seymour MSB
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
1014 Oranvllle St., Phone Sey. lill.
North Vancouver — Offloe and
Chapel, Ul-SUth St. Weat, Phone
HOTEL New-Modfern - Fireproof
T  /**\qpTrrj   cor. Abbott and pender sts
LU lUO   VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under the management of W. V. MOHAN
Boom with OetecaoA bath.
Boom wltb private bsth..
...|l.oo par der ap
.. .91.50 per Sty np
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Our electric motor bus meeta all boats and trains free
LOTUS GRILL-Open Continuously
FBOM 1a.m. to MIDOTOflT '   *.
Music from 0.80 to MO and 10 to mldnlibl
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops
• by Union Labor.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
And on sale at all Liquor Stores in       .
Phons Seymour S880
New Electric Auto Bus Meets sll Bests aad Trains Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Moit
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ; 100 with Prints Baths V
EUBOPEAN PLAN, «.00 per Day np.
Two Stores and Three Offices To Ut
At Low Rentals, in the
Cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets
The completion of ths Georgia-Harris* Street viaduct has placed
the Labor Tsmple ln ths flow ol down-town trafflc
It Interested ull on or phone
Seymour 749S
or more—membera of any tradei union in Canada may have
mailed to their individual addresses for $ J a year
Electric Light
The merchant who uses electricity for the general
lighting of his store, but who does not avail himself
of the advantages afforded by the electric current
for Adverising Purposes is not improving all his opportunities, The advertising value of a brilliantly
lighted show window cannot well be estimated.
Trade follows electric light wherever, and in whatever form it appears, and the strong appeal of brilliant electric illumination, and of electric signs, is
but the working of a natural law.
Tempting show window displays enhanced by electric light indicate the progressive store.
Carrall and Hastings Streets
1138 Granville St, Near Davie
Phone Seymour
mmfmmma**^mm. PA0E SIX
FRIDAY ....... JANUABY 28, 1H6
Whitewear Sale
Monday, January 31
Now is buying time; stocks are large, garments are
well cut, sewn and finished, and prices unmistakably
low. Take time by the forelock and supply your
future wants now. Prices may not be as low again.
______*   lata      W»KW I saatAM, it-mi* eartniotioat*.
Granville and Georgia Streets
Jingle    "Of      Th8 most hest nd lesst smount of wsste.   Lamp, $6,60.
Coal       Ii°*' *>M °"tm-
Buildfirs' *n w **rebousss oa False Greek we carry a complete
uaiu itock 0| eommon tQj flre ),rlokt plaster, cement, sewer
OUPPiieS and drain pips. eto.
Furniture,    Bag-We do sll kinds ol csrtsge work, bot ws spsolsllse on
grams at»A th. moving ot furniture, plsnos snd baggage.   Our men
-, 1M*   * .. srs experts, snd they are slso careful when handling
rianO AlOVerS    household elects.
80 Fender Street West
PHONES: Seymour MS, 60S, 6408, 6409
Phone Seymour 210 Phone Seymour 210
Wellington Lump $6.50
Wellington Nut No. 1 $6.00
Wellington Nut No. 2 ...$5.00
Comox Lump $6.50
Comox Nut  $5.50
0. H. Hnmm tt Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte Is Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sons, Highland Cream Whisky
White Book, Uthia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Oarnegies Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Frailer ft Oo.'s Clarets, Sauterttes and Burgan-
dies, eto., eto.
Good tor one year's subscription to The B.
O. Fefler.tionlst, will bo melted to sny ad*
10 SUB. CARDS *""•'"?"$"** ~   ''**- J*'S0'"■■"iw*""
outside of Vsncouver city.)    Order ten to*
dsy.   Remit when sold.
- .The
Home Guard
means t
OgiIvies Royal Hotjsehol/l
Canada's Best Flour
Professor of the University
Lectures to the People's Forum
How the" Movement Fell to
Pieces When the War
Broke Out
Why tho French syndicalists, who hnd
boon loudust protcstunta against militarism, responded so enthusiastically to
the call to arms, was eloquently explained on Sunday night beforo the Peoplo's
Pur uni in the idtibor Tomple by Dr.
Muck Eastman, professor of history and
political economy at the University of
British Columbia. Briefly, the syndicalist had come to learn, after years of
strenuous efforts, to reach a condition
of international union, that the Gorman
syndicalist was limited in his liborty
and, after all, in Franco the propaganda
of thc syndicalist had been permitted to
be spread by the democracy of the
Freneh Bystem whore tho German system of military governmont hud limited
Syndicalism,  the   speaker explained,
was  the same in Latin countries  as
what in America is known aB "industrial unionism," and in England, "new
unionism."   It was not socialism, for
socialism admitted all classes, but syndicalism    was    setting    the    masses
against the   privileged minority,   not
alone in France, but all over Europe.
The denouement had come shortly before the outbreak of war.   There was
an international meeting of syndicalists
in Brussels.  Tho French representatives
went prepared to say what they would
do in the event of wnr being forced
upon the peoples of the two countries.
The question of what the German representatives woro empowered to promise was put to them and they could
not promise.   They were riot at liberty
to do so, as wore the French under their
democratic government.   After this international gathering there was a tremendous gathering in Paris and eloquent speeches were mnde in favor of
peace.   Numerous telegrams were sent
to Berlin to the syndicalists of Germany, but to no avail.   He was surprised to- learn, following his return to
thiB country, Dr. Eastman said, how ignorant men having intimate knowledge
of European affairs were as to the conflict between the socialists and the syndicalists.   As to the great peaee meeting at Paris, Dr. Eastman said, all he
rend about it in Canadian papers was
thnt it wus "Just a Uttle noise by hoodlums inspired by Germans," when, in
reality, it had been u big demonstration.
Nothing,'the speaker Baid, hud been
more perplexing' than the right-about-
face of the syndicalists on militarism
and patriotism.   He outlined the princi
pies of the syndicalist who hoped event
unlly to put the eapitalist class out of
business altogether.   One of their binding ideas, he said, was a general strike,
which deep-thinking syndicalists recognized as a social myth, but n powerful
influence to bind the working class together. They did not believe' in destruction of property, but of the economic
system, In arriving at their objects and
in this connection Dr. Eastman gave the
real meaning of ' sabotage,'' which originated in a Btrike when the workers in
a shoe factory stopped the machinery
by wrecking the machines with their
shoes, out of which had grown the term
when workers, aB in that case, "made
their machines go on strike with them/'
by interfering with some of the parts
such as when in the great railway strike
the men had taken tho small valves out
of their engines.   This manner of striking, Dr. Eastman said, had been represented as something   more   barbarous
than it really was.
The ideal of the syndicalists was internationalism nnd a breaking down of
armaments and their only hope was international anti-militarism. But the nation wns welded when the German emperor, through "his hatred of democracy," as a syndicalist writer had put
it, "willed war."
| Is Public Assurance Against
the Evils of the Sweat
Shop System
Ex-president of Pioneer Division No.
101', A. A. of S. nnd E. R. E. of A.,
who has been appointed ns instructor
of Frsh Aid, attached to the 18th
Field Ambulance, C. A. M. C, with
headquarters in Vancouver.
The work of "First Aid , to tho
Injured," under the uuspiceB of the St.
John Ambulance association, the flrst
lectures of which wero given ,by Dr. W.
D. Brydone-Jack in 189.3, who is now
spoken of as tho "Father of First Aid
in British Columbia." From then not
much was heard of the movement until
1905. In October of that year Pioneer
Division No. 101 of the Street Railway-
men's association introduced the movement among its members, H. S. Schofleld was ..elected chairman of a committee appointed to make the necessary
arrangements and with Dr. F. T. Underbill as lecturer tbe work was soon in
fijll swing. This class was followed by
the Y. M. C. A., police and flro departments, C. P. R. and many others, and
when the flrst centre was formed in
British Columbia in 1007, Mr. H. S.
Schofleld wns appointed secretary. The
promoting and developing of First Aid
to the injured was slow and tedious
work for thc first few years, and the
St. John Ambulance association, the
pioneers, deserves great credit for the
perseverance shown, and now has the
satisfaction of seeing some results for
their untiring efforts. Mr. H. S. Schofleld 's activities in the movement are
well-known hnd date back for nearly
twenty years, he holding nursing and
first aid certificates medallion and labels for some half-score examinations,
besides competition trophies. That the
value of the work of Mr. Schofleld is
appreciated is shown by the certificate
of thanks from the general executive at
St. John's Gate, London, signed by the
Earl of Plymouth, as chairman and Sir
Herbert C. Pierrot as secretary. |
Stands as a Guarantee
Humane   Working
Seattle Boilermakers Win. .
Striking boilermakers and shipbuild
ers havo won their strike against the
Seattle Construction and Dry Dock company. Wages are increased 25 per cent,
with pay for overtime. Another gain
Ib abolishing the practice of seeking
omploymont at this plant through the
Motnl Trades association.
Borne Uses of Christmas-tide.
Try tn imagine a Chrtstmns with no
poor to bo pitied und patronized. Thero
would be no "Big hrothers" or "Big
Sisters," no long lines of Salvation
Army and volunteer ftnnta Clauses begging on the Btroetfl, no newspaper campaigns with sob sisters salting front
pages with readers' tears, no heart
throb editorials imploring the club man
to savo a bottle of champagne nnd feed
a child.
Cartoonists could not picture little
Johnnie shivering outside the bakery
window while the wind bloWB through
his rugged [Mints, or Sister Susie shed
ding sobs because '-"muhmuh c-c-can't
buy me tho beautiful doll this year.
, A Christmas without poverty would
lack most of the slush and gush and
guff and bluff. Patronage would not be
paid for with servility. In time Christmas in a povertyleBS society might be-
como u time for the expression of mutual good will and wishes between
equnls instead of a time in which to
conceal injustice beneath a cover of supercilious charity.—Milwaukee Louder.
Another Vancouver Bricklayer Dead.
The secretary of Vancouver Brlcklay-
irs' union received a letter Inst Wednesday morning from Mrs. Allison, Detroit, Mich., stating that her husband,
Bro. Fred Allison, died in that city on
January 6, from acute meningitis. He
hnd only been thoro a few weeks, and
what makes it particularly sad is that
Mrs. Allison had just broken up her
home in Vancouver and with her little
daughter, 18 months old, had gone to
join her husband. Since arriving thero,
another increase in the family has taken place, leaving her practically help-
loss und in a strange city. Bro. Allison
was only 32 yearB of ago, and had been
foreman at ono time for Purdy & Henderson, also.he acted as foreman bricklayer on tho canning factory on Railway
street, for-Carver & Jones. He had resided in Vancouver for over five years,
and leaves a lot of friends. j
My  father waa s -.farmer upon  the Carrlck
And carefully he brought me up In decency
and order, j
THE people's poet was born on
January 23, 1759, in a clay-built
cottage, near the town of Ayr,
Scotland. From childhood to manhood
he worked on a'farm. His early education wns menglte, but he studied grammar and roud with ardor. A few of the
best books of Itis youthful days hud
soon astonished the world with his writings, which ultimately became very extensive. After ifarming four years at
Ellistand, he failed and removed with
his family to Dumfries, where in 1791
he became an excise official nt £70 a
year. He died there, July 21, 1790, as
a result of a fever, leaving a destitute
family. A copy, of the first edition of
his poems, issued by subscription, originally sold for three shillings each, is
priced by a Chicago bookseller at $2080.
Seeking Work Mortifying.
This being the birthday week of Robbie Burns, a few} notes gleaned from his
great works regarding labor's trials befits tho occasion:
"He used tv remark to me," says his
brother Gilbert, Vthnt he could not conceive a more mortifying picture of hu-
mun life than u man seeking work. In
casting about in his mind how tho sentiment might be!brought forward, the
elegy, 'Man Was Made to Mourn,' was
"See yonder poor** o'erlabontd wight,
Ho abject, moan and vile,
Who begs a brother of the enrth
To give him leave to toll;
And see hla lordly fellow-worm
The poor petition spurn, ,
Unmindful, tho' a [weeping wife
And helplean offspring mourn."
"I go with Mi(. Hood to see a roup of
nn unfortunnto farmer's stock—rigid
economy, and dicent industry, do you
p jsorvo me fropi boing the drnmntis
persona in such * seeno of horror!"—
Burn's dinry (1T87.)
He Tries a Trade.
"Afy twenty-third yoar was to mo nn
important era. [Partly through whim,
and partly that (I wished to set' about
doing something)in lifo, I joined a flax-
dresser in a neighboring country town,
(Irvine) to loanilhis trade and curry on
tho business of manufacturing and retailing flax. This turned out a sad, unlucky affair. My partner was a scoundrel of the flrst water, who made money
by the mystery of thieving, and to finish the whoIA, while we were giving a
welcome carousal to the now year, our
shop, by the drunken carelessness of
my partner's wifce, took fire and burnt
to ashes; and I was left like a true poet
—not worth sixpence."—Burns.
"It was ever, my opinion thut tho
great unhappy mistakes and blunders,
both in a national and religious point
of view, of which we see thousands
daily guilty, are] owing to their ignorance or mistaken, notions of themselves.
To know myself jhad boen all along my
constant study.';—Burns.
The Losp of a Father.
" 'TiB here that I envy your people
of fortune. A father on his deathbed,
taking un everlasting leave of his children, hns indeed; woo enough; but the
mnn of competent fortune leaves his
sons and daughters independency and
friends; whilo I—but I shall become
distracted if I think any longer on the
subiect."—Biirn^ (1793.)
"When my father died, bis all went
among the rapacious hell-hounds that
growl in tho kennel of justice; but we
made a shift' to scrape a little money in
the family amongst us, with which (to
keep us togethe^) my brother and I
took (MoB8gieI);a neighboring farm."
"I am in such miserable health as to
be utterly incapable of Bhowing my loy-
[By Walter MeArthur]
Uses of Union Label to Trade Unions.
It is invulnerable to tho injunction,
the lockouts and the blacklist,
It facilitates organization by increasing the demand for tho products of organized workors.
It constitutes recognition of the
union by making certain the recognition
of union products.
It protects the trade union against attack by constituting the purchaser an
indirect employer.
It ia the most economical agency of
trade union work, its cost being little
compared to its results.
It is a constant reminder of the common interest and common duty of all
trades unionists in and toward each
other, and a certain guide ia the discharge of that duty.
Uses to tbe Employer.
It is the beBt medium for advertising.
It is advertising that costs nothing.
The union pays for it.
t It guarantees full returns on tho outlay in the form of increased business.
It enlists the support of unions, their
members and friends.
It insures stability in business, because the principles it stands for are
sound, enduring and unchangeable.
It saves time and talk in making
sales. It sells itself, 'and it rarely deceives the purchaser,
It signifies merit in the article—the
merit of good, clean workmanship—as
well aB decent treatment of employees.
Uses to the Public.
It is essentially an emblem of peace,
both in suggestion* and in practice.
It directs and concentrates public sentiment against the evils peculiar to certain industries and against the evils
common to many industries.
It is tho medium through which the
public may enforce its power or arbitrament between employer and employee.
It iB the inspiration, tho guide-post
and the rallying point of the energetic
and conscientious women in every community. It mnkes possible the Women's
Union Label league.
It is peculiarly adapted to tho nature
of that factor which typifies the highest morality and controls the purchasing power cf every commodity, to wit,
the mistress of the household.
It appeals not to force, but to reason;
establishes confidence in place of fear;
makes no one ashnmed; but, on the contrary, invitos and encournges the people to take pride in well-doing.
It organizes the purchasing power
npon lines of decent conditions for
labor, as against those conditions that
destroy the health and morality of the
producer and endanger the well-being
of the purchaser.
It is an appeal to principle—principle
that is above price; the principle that a
dollar expended in the maintenance of
labor is worth more In the end titan a
dollar saved at the bargain counter.
It is the "in Hoc Signo Vinces" of
the crusade to rescue the child from
tho workshop, factory and mill; the woman from sweat shop and tenement
houses and the millions of lnbor from
the clutches of greed, degradation and
Ask always for Union Label products.
alty in any wny. Rnckt as I am with
rheumatisms, I meet every faco with a
greeting like that of Bnlak to Balamm
—'Come, curse me, Jacob; and some
dofv me. Israel.' "—Burns (George
Ill's birthday, June 4,1796.)
Peasantry Intelligence,
"West Lothian, August 20, 1787.
The more elegance and luxury among
the farmers, I always observe, in equal
proportion, the rudeness und stupidity
of the peasantry. This remark I have
made all over tho Lothinns, Morse, Box
burg, etc., and for this, among other
rensons, I think that a man of romantic
tnste, n mnn of feeling, will be better
pleased with the poverty, but intelligent minds of the peasantry in Ayrshire (peasantry they aro all below the
justice of tho poace) than the opulence
of u club of Mcrse fanners, when at the
sumo time he considers the vandalism
of their plough folkB, etc. I carry this
idea so far that nil unindoscd half-im-
proven country is to me actually more
(.'greoablc, and gives me more' pleasure
nn n prospect than n country cultivated
like a garden."—Burns. (He'd make
a good pioneer for B. C.)
The Idiosyncrasies of Civilization,
'tl huvo not the most distant pretensions to what tho pye-coatcd guardians
of escutcheons cnll a gentleman. When
ut Edinburgh last winter I got acquainted at the Hcarld's office, nnd,
looking thro' the granary of honors I
there found nlmost every name.in the
kingdom but me,
"My ancient but Ignoble blood
Haa   crept   through   scoundrels   since   the
flood."    '
Gules, purpure, argent, etc., quito disowned me.
Burns gave great offence to the tories
of his town at a gathering when he
proposed to them the obnoxious toast-
"May our success in the present war i
equal to the justice of our cause"—'
toast that the most outrageous frenzy
of loyalty cannot object to," ho adds
"What a poor pimping business is a
Presbyterian place of worship! dirty,
narrow and squalid stuck in the corner
of old popish grandeur, such as Linlithgow, and much more, Melrose. Ceremony and show, if judiciously thrown
in, are absolutely necessary for tbe bulk
of mnnkind, both in religious and civil
Count on a .Friend.
While Hlghlttndmen hate tolls and taxes,
While moorlan' herds like guld fae .braxles,*
While terra firma on her axis
Diurnal turns.   ,
Count on a friend, lnTaltb an' practice
In Robert Burns.
A name for a sheep that has died naturally or by accident regarded and claimed as
tbe shepherd's perquisite.]
"The egotist naturally leads n lonely
life becauso as all men, nre egotists
thoy do, not want to listen to the other
Some Splendid Values in
Men's' Overcoats
at $12.50 and $15
If any man has occasion to buy nn overcoat he will serve his best interests by buying at Spencer's. Practically every overcoat in onr present stock wns bought to advantage. We had cash when manufacturers
I needed it, nnd found a greatly curtailed market for their stocks because
of the necessity of selling "safo." It is no exaggeration to say that
these coats avorage$5 a garment better than they would if they had
been bought under normal conditions. If you. must economize you cannot nfford to ignore such an opportunity. Plenty of choico and from first
to lust they nre sound practical coats, well made and lined.   All sizes,
—Main Floor, East Wing
David Spencer Limited
1916       1916       1916
■ May your washing of clothes be lightened.
May your hard rubbing and boiling be nil,
May you know you can save money and frighten
All worry and trouble kill.
This only by using
SENTB.  Write for premium catalogue).
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver. B.C.
(We Keep British Columbia Clean)
C___-__ •j.___--k —Gluteal most NlMt itock la Wast-
_* lirni   ire "* "*""■ eut ianu —* *hmi
*   **** amaohoaaa, *—» ^^a,,^ „ „„ am j,^
t astings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St. West
If any of them are mUiinff you tre not living .up to yonr full efllol-
i-ni-y—your registered hone-power. But In replacing them be mire
that you aro mlly replacing them with others that will worthily
take their place. Are all your teeth gonat Then get a plate that
will give you the fooling and the functions of a aet of Nature's own
teeth. I aak you to come and let mo aeo what you need and to show
you the highest attainment! of dental art ud craft.
Hygienic Crowns Expression Plate
and Bridges (tbe finest made)
$4 per Tooth $10 per sit
Crown and Bridge Specialist
2 Oranvllle Street Bank ot Ottawa Bldg
This Official List Of Allied'Printing Offices
BAOLK.Y A SONS, 161 Hastings Stmt Sermour 816
liLOCHBERQER, P. B., 310 Broadway Esst Fairmont 203
BRAND * PERRY, 880 Pander Strest, Wut  .....Sermour 2578
BURRARD  PUBLISHING  CO.,  711  Seymour Street   Bovniour  8530
CHINOOK PRINTING CO., 4801 thin Stmt  .....Fairmont  1874
CLARKE * STDABT, 320 Seymour Street  ......Soralour 8
COWAN * BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple BulldlDf Seymour 44»0
DUNSMUIR PRINTING St., 497 Dnnsmulr Straet     .    Miaow UM
EVANS A HASTINOS, Arts and Craft. Bldg., Sermour St Sermour 5860
JEWELL, M. L, 841 Pender Bt   . SiymoSr 1444
KERSHAW, J. A., 539 How. St ..... Seimour 8674
LATTA, R P., 338 Qore Ave , Sermour 1080
MAIN PRINTINO CO., 8851 lltln St.. ... F.lraont 1088
McLEAN A SHOEMAKER, North Vsncouver N. Van  58
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville wd Robson SU Seymour 4543
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 301 Pender St Sermour 1038-41
NORTH SHORE PRESS. North V.neouw .'.,, H Vu  80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Bulldlnf Seymour 05»2
PBARCE * HODGSON, 518 Hsmllton Stmt Soymour 3028
ROEDDE, G. A., 818 Homer Street Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., SlV Csnibl. 81 Seymour 6600
TERMINAL OITT PRESS, 2408 Westminster Bold P.lrmont 1140
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 BHUnn W  Stymour 8620
TIMM8, A. H., 230 Fourteenth Ave.'E F.lrmont 621R
WE8TERN PRESS, 828 Cordova W Soymour 7566
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 381 Dunsmuir St Seymour 8626
WHITE t BINDON, 157*152 Cordova St Seymour 1215
Wilt. "Union Labal" ea Your Oopy whea Ton Snd It to thi Printer
(union label
1KB Ullt
' n on
baok ram
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
'"--"-■1 —


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