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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 18, 1916

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/In Veoeonvwy
V  citr, tt.o»;
$1.50 PER YEAR
Scotch Temperament Seems
Neither To Forgive
Nor Forget
Coeur d'Alene Mine Owners
"Voluntarily" Grant'a
New Wage Scale
[By W. M. C]
Despite tho war, the relations between tho British workers and the capitalists are by no manner of means of
the brotherly type, deBpite contrary reports in the, daily press. A few days
ago Mr. Lloyd George was billed, to
speak before the Glasgow, Scotland,
munition workers on the Munitions act
■ and tho dilution of labor, in an endeavor to appease their hostility to those
schemes in particular; but, according to
reports, the meeting resembled more of
a Donnybrook, or an exchango of compliments between the Orange and Green
on the 12th of July, than a family reunion. The Clyde workerB are somewhat hostile to the honorable Georgo,
und are not in the least backward in
making their hostility known. The
Scotch temperament seems neither to
forgive nor forget an insult or injury.
Mr. Lloyd George's Reception.
A few excerpts from a labor report' of
tho meeting will servo as an iodex: On
rising to Bpcak, Mr. Lloyd Georgo was
received with loud and continued booing and hissing. There was somo cheering, but two verses of tho "Red Flag"
were sung before the minister could utter a word. Tbe meeting here became
very disorderly; and there wero frequent cries of "Freo Speech," and a
delegate asked "Is this a meeting of
trade union officials, or police officials!■'.'
evidently hitting at the surprisingly
largo force of police in tho hall. Aftor
the chairman had appoaled for quietness, Mr. George resumed by remarking
that he had addrossed many meetings
in Scotlnnd, and had never seen Scotchmen deny tho right of freo speech. We
need a very large number of heavy guns
and projectiles, and I am going 'to put
to you a business proposition (voice:
for the exploiters.) Do you think these
men in the trenches are exploiters.
(Voices: Don't hedge; the Bhip owners
are doing their bit.) Do let me state
the facts.   (We know them.)   Wo havo
• started great national factories; state-
owned and state-controlled; everytim-
ber nnd sail in them belonging to the
stnto. My friends, theso nre great socialist factories. (Violent interruption.)
Does anyone dony that these factories
we nro building nro stato factoriost
(Yes.) I will aBk any man representing
you iu thc house of commons—nnd surely thero is someono you trust? (No.)
Not even Mr. Rnmsny McDonald J (Yes,
yes, and loud cheers given for Rumsny
McDonald.) You got Mr. Ramsay McDonald. He will tell you thoy are national factories. Is it too mueli to nsk
tho British workmen ia help his comrades in tho field? (No, but what nbout
tho Munitions net?) The responsibility
of a minister of tho crown in n grent
wnr is not nn enviable ono. (Voice:
The monoy's good.) There will be un-
hoard of changes in every country in
Europe; changes thnt go to the root of
the social system. You socialists watch
them, It is a convulsion of nature; not
morely a cyclono that sweeps away tho
ornnmentnl plants of modern society,
k nnd wrecks tho flimsy trestle-bridges
of modern civilization. It is more. It
Ib nn earthquake that uphenves tho vory
rocks of Europeon life. (Fino peroration.)
Mr. Arthur Henderson Too.
Nor did tho chairman, Mr. Arthur Henderson, receive nny bettor
treatment. Hero is the sort of thing
he suffored: "I am delighted to hnve
the opportunity of appearing in this
hall with the minister of munitions.
(Whnt nbout tho hull for tho workers?
[referring to tho recont refusal of tho
magistrates to let tho workers have a
hall]) to lay beforo you tho groat issuo
of the present moment so far ns tho wnr
is concerned, (Ay! and profits.) You
are all nwnre of tho fnct thnt wo aro
now ongngod in probably tho greatest
war (at hnmo) thnt; ovor the Old Country hns beon concerned with. The issue
that was raised in August, 1014, when
tho neutrality (Oh, henvonsl how long
have we to suffer this?) of n brave nnd
independent people was trodden upon in
tho most shameful way. (That's
enough.) The scheme of dilution Hint
Mr. Lloyd Georgo will recommend to
you did not come from nny employer.
It enmo from a committee (interruption) upon which thero wero seven
trado unfohists> (Traitors. Give their
names.) Tho chairman hero mentioned
the six men nnd one woman, a Miss MeArthur. (Voice: Miss MeArthur is the
best man of thc lot.) What is it thoy
ask you to do?   I will bo done directly.
EVERY MEMBER OF ORGANIZED LABOR in British Columbia is aware that it -was the Orientals, employed in the mines
of Vanoouver Island, that made it possible for "Bill and
Dan" to break the recent strike of the United' Mine Workers
in that portion of this province. It is equally oommon knowledge
that Chinese are being employed in increasing numbers since the
advent of the war, to replace white men who have volunteered for
overseas service. The mine owners seem determined to stop at nothing to 'prevent the organization of their employees and enable them
to grind out more profit. Something more than a rumor is current
this week that Japanese are now to be introduced in some of the
mines, as an experiment. Mr. Lome Campbell, of Rossland, is the
new minister of mines. He is seeking the endorsation of his elector-
orate onc week from tomorrow. His electorate is largely made up
of metaliferous miners, who should have many things in common
with the bituminous miners. "Why not pass the buck up to Mr.
Campbell and ask him point blank what he intends to do about it?
The miners on Vancouver Island'have done all they can be expeoted
to do, politically and industrially. "What they need now is assistance from other, sources. "Will the workers of Rossland rise to the
Appointed by Provincial Oovernment to represent employers'     interest    on    Workmen's Compensation Act    Investigation
(Hear, hoar.) They only nsk you to
enable tho skill of the worker to be
utilized during the crisis in the best interests of the state. (Yes, of the capitalists.) We must havo the workers
necessary to equip the vast army.
(What about the unemployed after the
war?) The whole position will be restored to you after the war. (Question:
Don't think! Why don't you put it in
the bill?) Mr. Lloyd Oeorge wns sent
to organize munitions, and no man has
had a harder task, (Tripe; nonsense.)
If wo win this war, as I believe we
shall, much of the credit will be due to
him. (Commotion.) And so on, in the
samo strnin. The meeting eventually
broke up in disorder. Whilo a. certain
percentage of tho remarks (in parenthesis) pnBsed by the workers may be con-'
siderod ns tho efforts of the "hocklers,"
(and tho Scotch hecklers are no mean
craftsmen) the hostility, and bitterness'
of the workers' attitudo was very pronounced.
Coeur d'Alenos' New Wage Scale.
A now wngo scale has been adopted
by tho mining companies of the Coeur
d 'Alenes district, and took effect the
1st of February. It,.is of tho sliding
variety, and is based upon the price of
lead in tho Now York market, as givon
in the Mining and Engineering Journal.
It is as fallows:
25c incrcaso when lead is between $5
and $5.50.
25c more when load is between $5.50
and $0.
25c more when lead is betweon $0 and
25c moro when lend is between $6.50
and over.
Tho scale was granted "voluntarily"
by tho companies, ob nn evidence of tho
goodwill and friendship existing between themselves and their employees.
As many of the mines thore run strongly
to zinc, and zinc hns been "up in the
clouds" for tho past 15 months, and
lead is a rather uncertain quantity, the
generosity can readily bo seen through.
However, we thank Thoo, O Lord, for
the crumbs from tho master's tablo, and
pray Thee that our spirit may ever bo
properly meek, nnd humble, and submissive to tho 'steenth degree, as befits
our station in lifo.   Amon,
Mcrclinnts not advertising in
your paper (Tho Federationist)
do not desire your patronage. Do
not forco it on them. Patronise
those who patronize the only
weapon of publicity in tho hands
of organized lnbor west of Winnipeg. But, of course, members
of affiliated unions aro urged to
domand tho Union Lnbel when
making purchases.
A  BYE-ELECTION WILL take place in Vancouver City electoral riding one week from to-morrow, February 26. Hon.
C. E. Tisdall, whose entry into the Bowser cabinet a few
weeks ago made the election necessary, is seeking thc endorsation of the electorate on behalf of the Conservative party.  Mr.
M. A. Macdonald has been chosen by tho Liberal party to contest
tho scat.  And ox-Mayor L. D. Taylor announces that he will be an
independent candidate   Thus a three-cornered flght is  assured.
Vancouver Trades and Labor council, upon thc recommendation of
its campaign committee, will not enter the flght at this time, preferring to wait for the general elections.   Tho Liberals have argued
that if it were not for thc proposed Labor ticket they could be
elected in this city.   Thoy now have a glorious opportunity to boo
what thoy can do, unmolested by any save thoso of their own political persuasion.
Another election will be that at Rossland on tho same date, when
•Mr. Lome Campbell seeks re-election.
SANDON,    B.   O.,   Teh.   *.—
(Special to Tlie Federatlonist.)—
Mr. A. Shilland, secretary of District 6 of tlie Western Federation
of   Miners,   announces  that  the
seventeenth annual convention of
the miners will take place at Trail,
B,   O.,   commencing   Wednesday,
March 8.   Secretaries of affiliated
locals throughout British Columbia
are advised hy the disrict executive
to at once prepare and forward any
resolutions they may wish to introduce at the convention.
Tho convontion "call'.' closes, with
this forecast: "    *    *    *   In view of
tlie fact that we were unable to hold a
convention last year, the coming one
promises to be an interesting and important one, and your executive board
feels it to be their duty to urge upon
nil locals the advisability of sending-j
tho full number of dolegates to which
they are entitled."
There is a string tied to the proposal of the Bricklayers' and Masons' international, in the matter
of affiliating with the American
Federation of Labor. Although the
organization has been playing a
lone hand in the Ipbor movement
for years it has been in union -with
the A. F. of L. at two different
periods, the last one ending sixteen years ago. The Toronto convention authorized action looking
toward affiliation, but one matter
must first be adjusted: The bricklayers must be assured that there
is no law that will force lt into a
sympathetic strike without the consent of its international officers
having flrst been obtained.
War Munition Workers in East After
More Money and Better Conditions,
Secretary-treasurer P. M. Draper, Ottawa, of tho Trades and Labor Congreaa
of Canada, writes, in port: " * * *
Havo been vory busy Biace returning to
Ottawa, in the getting out of proceedings of tho convention—English and
French—and holding interviews with
thc Dominion government in re wages
puid in manufacture of war munitions.
I bolicvo President Watters is preparing a statement detailing Bomo of our
activitiea sinco returning east. I returned from Toronto today, where I
wns on Congress business,, President
Watters will return from tho Cobalt tomorrow, iu connection with W. P. of M.
matters. Tho Dominion govornment has
taken tho position that no legislation,
except that bearing on tho war, will bo
introduced this session. Tho machinists
and other trades are keeping ub very
busy with their requests for moro money
and bettor conditions for members employed nn war munitions."
Organizer Hall Negotiates New Scale
for Period of Three Years.
Vancouvor local, No, (Ji>, of tho International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' union, with Charles S. Hall, of
Seattle as thoir representative in tho
negotiations, has at last socurod u
renewal of their agreement with tho
four local daily newspapers. The now
agreement covers a period of three
years, with provision mado for a further extension of two yeara, by mutunl
consont. Membera of tho local scale
committee express satisfaction with the
work of Org. Hall and Walter Reeves,
Seniority Rights of Railway Brotherhoods to Include Whole System.
President Porhiim, of tho Order of
Railroad Telegraphers, has secured a
decision from U. S. Secretary of Labor
Wilson which will protect tho interests
of members in Canada of the various
railroad brotherhoods. Secretary Wilson rules:
"PorBons employed in tho transportation divisions of railroads crossing tho
boundary lino between Canada and tho
United States who come to tho United
Statoa for tho purpose of accepting
positions growing out of seniority regulations connected with thoir omploymont on Buch roads, shall not be considered as alion contract laborers."
Railway Employes to Confer.
Officers of tho railway employes' department of tho A. F. of L. havo issued a call for the third biennial convontion, to be held at Kansas City, Mo.,
beginning April 10,
The Australian Government
Adopts Practical Scheme
of Co-Operation
Leases Land and Works on
Share Basis with
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Feb 1.—(Special
to The Federationist.)—At the present
time the New South Wales government
is throwing open many farms, on the
share lease system, bordering on the
new railways now being constructed
throughout the back country.
Eight hundred acres are allotted to
each settler; 500 for cultivation, and
300 for sheep raising.
Lease Conditions.
Of the 500 acres, 250 acrea muat be
sown each year, and 250 fallowed.
Ten acreB-are tb bo given to affores-
tration purposes.
Oovernment Assists.
The government also assists in tho
purchase of sheep for the farms. The
farmer has to find his own equipment
for putting in and taking off the crop,
his ahare of the baga, and pay hia share
of the cartage. He is to have two-thirds
of the wholo crop, and is to pay rental
at the rate of 2% per cent, on the improved capital value.
On Share Basis.
The government's share will bo one-
third of the crop, the government finding its share of the bags, pays its share
of the cartage, and finds all the manure
necessary for the land.
Houses are built for the settlers, the
land cleared, and stores established
nearby. A sawmill is erected to cut
material for the houses and schools and
recreation halls erected.
Labor's Policy.
The various governments of Australia
are putting forth all energies to try aad
induce the men of tho city to take up
land in the country, even to guaranteeing them against all loss, and the fixing
of standard prices for their product.
Labor in Australia has at least done
more for the men on the land than in
any other part of the world.
Australian Factory Inspector Makes a Few
Position   Makes   Them
Buffer Between Both
"Notwithstanding tho belief that is
held in somo quartors thnt union secretaries nnd other offlce holders of
unions aro tho real fomentorB of industrial disputes, as a general rule
theso men are tho forco that holds
tho workers back," says H. M. Murphy, an Australian factory inspector,
in his annual report to Sir Alexander
Peacock, minister of labor.
"The union secretary has a peculiarly difficult post. Ho his blamed by
both sides. Of course, ho is most iu
evidence whenever disputes occur.
"It is ho who must pull tho strings
for tho man ho represents, and so it is
perhaps not surprising tliat ho should
be l-huiied.
"He is, as a matter of fact, frequently forcod by a vote of tho most ignorant, titrbulant and irresponsible section
of his union to take np a position which
lie knows to bo wrong.
"It is inevitable that among unions
a BQCtlou will bo found that think reforms .should bo accomplished with n
sledgo hammer, Tlicso peoplo arc enemies of tho legitimate objects of unionism, though thoy nro unawnro of it,
and they arc thc thorns in tlio side of
thc union officials, the majority of whom
nro honestly working for tho' objects
of thc workera by equitable means.
"Thero is a distinct cleavage bo>
tween tho outlook of tho irresponsible
individual worker who, with little to
loso, and, it may bo, without anyone
depending on him for support, lightly
votes for a strike, and tho union which
stands to lose its all, and perhaps suffer tho Iosb of most of ita members in
the aftermath."
A mass meeting of Returned
Soldiers from the European wnr
will bo hold in tho Labor Templo
on Monday evening, Feb. 21. Tho
purposo of the meeting will be to
discuss somo form of organization, with a view to looking after
own interests in future. Mr, N.
F. Taggart is sponsor for the
mooting, having boen chosen to
organize the meeting at an informal gathering of a few of tho
veterans thia week. Every qualified soldier is invited to bo pro-
m -
r *•'
.- Si;
• .
' • .,
Charter member of Woodman of the
World and Pressmen's Union—Former Delegate to Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council   .
Campbell, minister of mines, Rossland, by the central, labor
body tonight, seeking information covering the report that
Japanese are to be introduced in one of the mines on Vancouver Island, to supplement the large number of Chinese already
employed, and asking him what he intends to do about it. A special
committee waB also named) to further investigate conditions obtaining among local firms handling war contracts.
The Letter Carriers reported that their/postponed national convention would convene in Vancouver on August 17.
A wire from Rogers' Pass tunnel announced the sudden death of
"Curly" Curnock, a well-known business agent and delegate to the
The meeting was fairly well attended and the session short and
business-like, reports of Committees being the feature of the evening.
Vancouver Trades and Labor council
met last evening, with President Mc-*"
Vety in the chair aad other officers present, save Executive Member Brookes,
(machinists), who ia en route to Winnipeg-
Credentials were received for John
Porter and A. E. Smith, Milk Wagon
Drivers, No. 96, and the delegatea obligated.
The executive committee's report
contained, other than routine communications, a reply from Hon. Lome Campbell, minister of- mines, covering the. increased employment of Orientals on
Vancouver Ialand. Mr. Campbell said
that he was having a departmental report prepared and would then give the
matter his "earnest consideration."
A lotter from the Tobacco - WorkerB'
International union, asking for a demand of their union label, waB read and
rcfened to the delegates to report back
to their respective unions.
Portland central labor body acknowledged receipt of the $10, which the
council voted at last meeting in aid of
the Meat Cutters' strike.
Parliamentary Oommlttee.
Chairman Hardy reported that the
committee was not satisfied with the
doily press' denial of Messrs. J. Han-
bury & Co., that thoy were employing
Orientals. The matter was roferred to
the special committee, named at last
meeting, to mako further investigation
aad report.
It having come to the attention of
the committee that Japaneae were being hired to start work ia coal mines
on Vancouver Island, it was recommended thnt a lettergram be sent Hon.
Lome Campbell, minister of minea, asking if he was aware of such a move,
and if it wero true, what did he intend
to do about' it.
The secretary was instructed to write
the local board of trade, asking for information aa to the wages paid and
hours worked in local concerns having
wnr contracts.
The proposed importation of Old
Country "war widows," emanating
from Commissioner Lamb of the Salvation Army, was referred to Delegate
Trotter, to take up with his general
Congress work in that connection,
Reports of Unions.
Delegate Cotterill, Street Railway
Employees, reported that he had attended tho last meeting of tho Juvenile
Association. The council endorsed the
movement to raise tho school-age limit
to 10 years.
Letter Carriers reported that their
national organization would meet in
convention, in Vancouvor, for three
days, oa Aug. 17 next.
Paintors reported thnt certain firms
in the city woro cutting wages.
Bartenders reported that thoy hnd
received a wire today from Rogers' Pass
advising them of tbo death of "Curly"
Curnock, ex-biiBiness agont, and delegate to the council. Tho secretary was
instructed to forward a resolution of
condolence to the widow.
Another resolution of condolcnco is to
bo forwarded to tho widow of thc lato
Goorgo F. Pound.
A Veteran Pressman Passes Away In
His 71st Year.
On Thursday, Feb. 10, 1016, there
passed away at his Into residence, ■J522
Quebec street, South Vancouver, George
Filmer Pound, in hia seventy-first year.
Deceased gentleman was bora ut
Plymouth, England, on December 10,
1845, und enmo to Canada 50 yours ago,
taking up his residence in Toronto,
whero he followed his trado ns pressman for a number of years, thero joining Typographical union, No. 91. He
then moved to Winnipeg, in which city
he resided for eight and a half years,
being employed on tho Freo Press,
Morning . Call and tho Stln, Mr.
Pound then docided to eome further
west, and in JS87 located at Victoria,
working in tho job oflieo of Messrs.
and on tho Colonist.   The fol-
lowing year ho camo to Vancouver,
where he was connected with the News-
Adverliser for nearly 24 years. Tin
do ■lean ed gentleman wns a member ol
the firm of Ward, Ellwood & Pound,
limited, printers, 318 Homer street, i>
survived by his widow, two sons,
Georgo H. and ex-Rcevo W. A. Pound,
und two daughters, Mrs. F. Ferguson,
all of this eity; and Mrs. Angus McDonald, of New Westminster. Tho inn-
oral, which was largely attended, took
place from the family rosidouco Inst
Saturday to Mountain View cemetery,
Rov. J. R. Craig, Officiating clergyman,
The sympathy of a largo circlo of
friends and acquaintance is extended
to Mrs. Pound and family in their irreparable Iosb. Rov, Mr. Pctrie of New
Westminster, who wns an esteemed
friend of tho deceased nlso took part iu
the service at the residence.
More   Than   Seven   Million   Persons
Killed or Wounded Annually,
Two hundred and fifty thousand men,
women nnd children nre killed ench year
in tho United States, and 4,700,000 aro
wounded becauso statesmen remain silent in (ho fnco of tho daily atrocities
wrought in timoa of "peace" by a system of oconomic nnd industrial exploitation, Such is the toll each year in
tho United States of poverty and its
offspring, provontablo diseases. Tho
figures aro ultra-consrrvntive,* being
but half the total number of deaths nnd
illncsacH, which, according to tho highest medical authority, could bo prevented by stamping out poverty, or morely
by appropriating a third of tho eost of
one battleship for tho public health.
Department of LaborCIaimg
Measure Has Benefitted
Using Organization to Re-
Adjust War-Made
Taeoma unionists, through their
central labor body, have hit upon
the idea of getting the merchants
to make a special window display,
for one week, of union-labelled products. The flrst try-out hu proved
such an unqualified success that tbe
merchants will ba asked to repeat
the demonstration at an early data.
Why not try the scheme ln Vancouver? Might flnd ont in ibis way
who the "friends" of organlted
labor are and how far the local
merchants are prepared to go ln
pushing union-label products _____
ference to sweat-shop goods.
Duluth Chapel Gets Practical Demonstration of Equality.
Miss Agnca Collins, of Duluth Typographical union, No 130, has beon
chosen as chairman of the IfcwB-Trib-
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. 8. W., Feb. V~(8pe<
to The Federationist.)—During tha
three years whioh have elapsed since
the passage of the New South Wales
Industrial Arbitration act of 1912,
scores of thousands of pounds sterling,
which were wrongfully withheld by ent* .
ployers of labor, have been made to
flow into the hands of the employees to
whom they belonged. The rule has bean
applied to a number of cases, and tha -
reparation made since June, 1911, represents the payment of a sum of nearly £19,000. The additions which have
been made -up from time to time to the
rates of wages payable in industries are
' responsible for an accumulated money
' benefit to employees generally in New
South Wales of between £15,000,000
and £20,000,000.
Industrializing Oovernment.
By and through all its labor-providing ogencies the government probably
placed in employment, during the hut
year, not less than 30,000 industrial
workera. The government labor exchange was brought into existence earlier than was intended for the purpose
of enabling the government to ascertain
and wateh the extent to which its resources of skilled wrokmen were depleted by enlistments for war service.
The project did not contemplate as one
of its original ends the replacing of returned soldiers in eivil employments,
but it was not long bofore the government realized that the system of departmental work can be seen in the allaying
of alarms with regard to tho lifting of
the record wheat harvest, the prompt
organization of labor for munition manufactures, and an almost complete stifling of the horrors of great unemployment.
Average Wage Slightly Increased.
Modifications of wage rates recorded
during the past decade exhibit an upward tendency only, with a range of
from 3 to 60 per cent, of increase. Tha
cost of living has, 'on tne other hand,
increased materially, and, apart from
war effects, may for general purposes,
be regarded as 20 per cent, more than
it was at the beginning of the period of
ten years.
It must not, however, bo forgotten
that the minimum wage Ib not based
strictly on tho coat of living, but is
fixed in relation'to a standard of life
which is doaigned to reflect tho ideals
of tho community.
In a number of industries there hus
been not only an increase in tho wngo
uno day chapel     Miss Collins is Ithojrate, but also a substantial decrease in
first women member of too Typography j tbo_ hours required to be worked.
cal union to hold such a position 'in
Duluth. According to trade union principles, and whero organized labor has
tho power to demand it, a woman receives tho aame wago as a man for doing tha same amount of work. Every
woman member of the Typographical
union enjoys tho full right of suffrage
U. M. W. OF A. AND W. F. M.
Amalgamation of Miners' Organizations Postponed at Least.
By a unanimous vote tho Indianapolis
convontion of tho United Mino Workers of Amcricn, now in session, has decided not to amalgamate with the Western Federation of Miners.
Quits Brussels for The Hague.
Cnmille Huysmnns, secretary of tho
Internationrt soeinlist bureau hns received permission from tho German
government to go to Tho Hague and
take up his work in thnt city.
Tho Union Label is yonr label,
nnd when you ignore it you ignore your own best inlerests and
hindor your own progress trt wnrd
hotter things. If you do not do-
mnnd tho Union Label on your
purchases you nro not only failing to use your purchasing power,
but you nro violating your obligation ns a union mnn. Try being a 100 per cent, union man
and demand tho Union Label. Do
it today.
During tho decade, employees, as a
class, havo benefited in the distribution
of from £16,000,000 to £20,000,000. in
addition to the share which they might
have expected under the superseded
wage rates.
Employers Benefitted Host.
This forward movement in wages dtu
not iu any way affect tho development
of enterprise in the secondary industries. Tho vnluo of machfn*r**y and
plant used in manufactories wns, in
1004, £7,700,700, distributed over 3032
ostahlishmcuts. Iu 1010 tho value had
increased to £11,600,000, with 4821 establishments. And in 1913 tho value
had increased to £14.000,000, and tho
number of establishments to 5343. Tho
value of output wns £27,160.000 in 1904,
£40,650,000 in 1010, and £05,800,000 in
1913*; On tho other hand, the wagos
paid wore, in 1004, £5,020,000; in 1010,
£8,700,000; and in 1013, £12,700,000.
Tho number of persons employed during tho period under review rose from
68,100 in 1904 to 09,710 in 1010, and
120,590 in 1013. In short, then, whilo
tho wago rato iu secondary industries
increased by from 25 to 30 por cent.,
tho wago fund increased by no less than
150 per cent.
Working Conditions Maintained.
For months after tho commencement
of the war it was thought thnt by the
dislocation Of oversea trado very many
enterprises would bo compelled to suspend Operation)] and tliiis throw out of
employment largo numbers of workers.
Tho definite policy of the government
helped the community to regain confidence iti itself nnd its resources. The
court of industrial nrbitration had boon
affected by tho alarm and the minister
was compelled to issuo a mandate that
(Continued on nago 3}
IS PROHIBITION A CONSTRUCTIVE piece of legislation ? Such
was the query Rev. A. E. Smith, o£ Brandon, Man., sought to
answer In thc affirmative at last Sunday night's mass-meeting
in Labor Temple, under tho auspices of the Labor Forum, a committee of the central labor body. Mr. Smith at once disabused the
minds ol! his audience if they thought he espoused prohibition as a
panacea for all human and social ills. Without resorting to statistics or sentimental flourishes tho speaker dwelt with his subject in
a broad, liberal and comprehensive manner, from the viewpoint of
a sociological sludent, rather than that of thc orthodox pastor. He
argued that while the temperance movement, as he preferably termed it, was not all that could be desired as a method of Bolving the
problem presented by the drink traffic, it wns a reform worthy of
support as a prelude to nationalization and thc abolition of profit-
making. Mr. Smith merited the appreciation of his audience, and
after thc address answered a few questions ns only an economist
could. A few more men with his grasp of such subjects would be
helpful in aiiy community. PAGE TWO
FBIDAY  .FEBBCABY 18, 1916   ^  |
96 BtuchM ln O«oid«
A general tanking baslntu traM-
acted.   Oiiculu letteri of credit.
Buk money orden.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at llghert
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital • ■ • 111,MM0
Reeerve     1M0M*"t
Tetal Aeeete 1M,000,000
One Dollar will epen
the aoeount, and your
kuelnese will be welcome be It large or
Branckee and coneipondenti
tbrongbont tba world
Depo.it. ....
.. 196,000,000
... 48,000,000
Savings and household accounts invited. Joint accounts opened when re-
quired for two or more persons, any
one of whom may deposit or withdraw
money.    Interest Is paid OB balances.
Banking accounts opened for Societies, Lodges, Trustees,. Executors or
for private purposes.
Paid op capital /...   8,000,000
Reserve  fund        6,480,882
Corner Hastings aad Gamble Stf.
When yoa want to phone to Vaneoaver Island, to the Kootenay or down
the cout, oae the telephone right beside you. Every telephone is a long
distance telephone.
There Is no difficulty lta hearing the
party at the other end.
So when yoa want to telephone long
distance, do so from your own house
or office.
Tou get your party, or you don't
pay. That means you get your answer. And ail in a few moments, too.
Un.qu.U.d V«nd.TlU. Muni
2:46,7:20,0:10    Solon'. Pric:
MitlnM,   IBo;   Et.o1o|.,   ISo,   26c.
British Columbia
Splendid opportnnltlei la Idled
Farming, Dairying, Stook aad
Tonltry. Brltlih Colombia
Orants Pre-emptions ot IM acres
to Actual Bettlero—
TERMS—Eeildence on tbo land
for at least three rears; Improvements to tbe extent ot It per
acre; bringing under enltWatlon
et leut tie aeres.
For further Information apply to
Published every Friday morning by the B. O.
Federationist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettlplece .Manager
Offlce:    Boom 217, Lahor Templt
TeL Exchange Seymour 7496 *
Subscription:    $1.50 per year; ln Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
Now WeBtminster W. Yates, Box 1021
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 581
Victoria A. 8. Wells, Box 1538
'Unity of Labor: the Hope of the World'
STRAIGHT OPEN and above-board
criticism is at all times refresh-
'ng. Especially is this true when
applied to tho Labor movement. This
week The Federationist hus received a
letter from a trade
unionist of long stand
ing, in the Kootenays,
and so candid are the
convictions expressed
that we propose to breaK%ne of the
rules of the office in order to set in motion a discussion that may possibly result in a better understanding. We intend to use a personal letter in such a
way that our readers will at least get
the giBt of what we are driving at without disclosing the identity of the writer. The contents are of such human
interest that we feel bound to give them
further publicity and, if neceBfl'ary,
start something that may result in a
better understanding between those directly responsible for the publication of
The Federationist and those whose cooperation is necessary, in a more practical way, before its full usefulness is
The letter received is from the Slocan, under date of Feb. 0. It reads, in
" » * * Herewith please find
$1.75 for Federationist for 1916. The
one issue of 1915 that' I wbb very anxious to see was the one containing Parker Williams' speech, in the Labor
Temple, and your comments thereon. I
did not get it. * * * I have been
in the labor movement in the interior
for 20 years, and have had to take more
than my share of dirt for being so, and
I am almost coming to the conclusion
that 'it has been wasted energy, and
that we have suffered to no good. In
many wnys we are worse off than we
were 20 years ago. I am willing and
anxious to help the labor movement in
every fray but it is terribly disheartening. We, in the interior, look to the
coast to take the lead, aa you are more
advantageously placed than we are. It
looked as if you had a splendid leader
in Parker Williams and The Federationist certainly damned him with but
little praise and support. It looks to
many of us in here that you are out to
boost a little bunch of your own clique
around the Labor Temple, and to hell
with the rest of the labor movement.
This is not' meant in any carping or
jealous feeling, as I am not personally
acquainted with any of you; but honestly it is the opinion of many of the
boys who take an interest in the labor
movement (f). I know, to my coat', that
there are no people more ready and willing to throw dirt on our lenders than a
certain element in labor. We are not of
that class. Honestly, at this distance,
you seem to be nbout the most peculiar
bottle of 'mixed pickles' that I have
heard of. * * * Take for instance
your report of the Trades and Lnbor
council in re Asiatic labor. Now I can
just close my eyes and look back 13 or
15 years, and it is the same old sloppy
slushy dope that the old parties used to
peddle out to a bunch of labor suckers.
* * * What on earth is the use of
appealing for reform to the very people
that brought about the very condition
of which you are complaining f If it
wasn't so d—— pitiful it would be
laughable. Actually to think that you
people out there would appeal to Lome
Campbell, one of Bowser's poodle dogs,
and knowing what haB been going on on
Vancouver island for the last few years.
Straight goods boys! You ought to consult an alienist. As a labor man I
would sooner bum my grub than degrade myflelf by asking that combination in Victoria for a crust. There is
ono party, and one party only, that can
bring the reforms we want, and that is
the Labor party itself—call them1 socialists, laborites, syndicalists, etc. It
is tho one general movement. * * *
This kow-towing to nny of the old parties is a sign of weakness and tondyism.
Now you can blnmo for thia letter. He wrote me a vory pessimistic
letter nnd I am just "passing along the
•      «      •
Inasmuch as the letter was addressed
to the mnnnger of Tho Federationist,
nnd cnused a quickening of tho blood,
tho answer, under date of Feb. 14,
though not written for publication, is
herewith reproduced, in part:
" * " * I want to thank you for
your valentine this morning, enclosing,
too, $1.75, which pays your sub. to
March 1, 1917, tho annual sub. price being $1.50.
"Your frankness is refreshing and I
thank you for tho enndidness of expression. Ifad we moro of it thero would
be Icbs misunderstanding in the labor
"With somo of your experiences I
can heartily sympathize, but tlie trouble
Ib: What are we going to do about itf
No use of becoming discouraged and
turning philosopher altogether.
"I havo tried to stick to my ideals
and get a sufficient number of the
workers to agree with what seemed to
me to bo the solution, but must admit
disappointment with the progress of the
past fifteen years. Wo seemed nearer
our goal in 1903 than right now.
"Even Parker Williams has been
forced to change from tbe S. P. of C. to
thc 8. D. of C, and Beoms to have accepted the palliative position—so much
bo that the Liberals will not run a candidate against him nt the noxt electionB.
He, too, has discovered that he cannot
go any faster thnn the rank and file
will permit.   *   »   «<
"It is easy enough to pick out' some
'bunch' or other and ascribe the blame
to them. But that 'bunch' could not
Inst very long were they not n reflection of the membership or the only
thing left on tho job. It would be a
tribute to labor's weakness or the
'bunch's' greatness to reason other-.
"In re Fed's report of Trades and
Labor council.    Great Godl    Don't I
know it, but what is one to do?   We've
tried all the other routes.
So far as I am concerned, I nm now
prepared to let the other fellows flnd out
what they DO want—then give it to
them; stay with them and try and
eventually line them up for the only
"It iB trying; it is discouraging. But
see, most of the 'revolutionists' are
now in the trenches, fighting for -Iron
and Steel's triumph over the textile
industry of old. You and I may holler
our heads off, but of what avail. I'm
afraid there is a lot of educational
work to do yet.
"I nm trying to meet the wishes of
those in the majority here, and at the
same time print as much good sound
reasoning and educational editorial
matter ub possible. Have you any fault
to find with, our editorial policy? What
i-more can one man dol
"As to 'appealing' to old party politicians for anything. After all, it is
more to prove what they will not do
than otherwise, and thus,- if possible,
emphasize the necessity of the workers
depending upon themselves.    *    *    *
"Truth to tell, there is no life in
the whole movement juBt now—too
buBy fighting and looking for jobs; too
cowed nnd tame; too meek and docile.
Starvation does not breed revolution,
'revolutionists' to the contrary notwithstanding. It makes cowed slaves
of men and women.
"We have tried to respond to the
demand here for a 'Labor' party, and
have even now a full ticket nnmed for
the next election. But the unions are
broke and bo is the membership. And
elections are not won by prayer.
"Organize! Why, we are further
away from that ideal than we were in
1903. A thing to live must have something to live for. What has. been the
matter with the Socialist Party of Canada? It is as dead, as a party, aB John
Brown. True, the ideal lives. But why
leave it to some 'bunch' to crystallize
the sentiment? Are we of the working
class, not all units, each as much responsible as the other? The workers themselves have the power, therefore the
right, to change their officers, their programme, their policies; in fact to anything they can get away with. Tho
weaknesses of any 'bunch.' are the
weaknesses of those whom they represent. The fault lies nearer home. A
littlo more of your sort of plain speaking, in the open, and much less of the
whispering sort of tactics oftimes used
in the Labor movement, would redound
to the advantage of us all. Come again.
I like it."
R. P. P.
The sidestep will be the popular
dance in political circles for the coming
"Freedom" describes Will Crooks as
the comedian of the British Labor
"About the only difference between
repartee and impudence is the size of
the man who says it."
The city of Vancouver has an official
purchasing agent, but some of the aldermen seem inclined to render him unsolicited assistance.   What, ho!
After looking over those lawyers'
bills, for "salvaging" the Dominion
Truat estate, we have about decided
that the newspaper method of "acquiring" coin of the realm Ib a sure route
to the poor house.
War began when Borne rude bnrbarinn
flrst encroached upon the right of nn-
other. It assumed a more vigorous
form when one tribe attacked another
and robbed them of their fields and
flocks and their women, nnd renches its
most dreadful form in the modern
struggle of nation against nation. But
ever and always there is somewhere in
the cause a greed for economic gain.
The more refined sentiment of the twentieth century always interprets the
cause in the terms of "patriotism," but
that does not conceal the fact from the
one who makes a determined analysis.
gentleman who was officially responsible for presenting to Canada the Industrial Disputes Investigation act, which working class experience has since dubbed
CANADIAN tbe Lemon act—wants
LABOR the Dominion govern-
BUREAUS. ment to 6° on record
aa favoring a system
of national labor .bureaus, to deal with
the immigration conditions which he
believes will prevail in this country
after the war. Hon. T. W. CrotherB,
minister of labor, will have none of the
iden. He contends it is a matter for
the provincial governments to deal
* *      »
Organized labjpr has several times
expressed itself on the subject of labor
bureaus. On one point it is absolutely
unanimous at any rate. That is, that
private labor bureaus, or employment
agencies,* should be abolished in * this
country. The evils which they give
rise to, have been dragged into the
light of day often enough to prove the
wisdom of that contention a hundred
times over. But the most the Dominion
government has done to remedy those
things up to now, ia to appoint more or
less incompetent politicnl supporters to
"supervise" the nctivitiea of those
• «      •
If we are to have labor bureaus, the
mora de-centralized their administration is, and the more they are under the
direct control of the cities and municipalities, the better it will be. Each district knows its own conditions far better than those conditions can be served
by the semi-detached interest of n
government department three thousand
miles away. That would not prevent
the establishment of a system of report's being mnde to one central point,
where all persons wanting to know
what the demand for labor in the various localities was might inquire.
Mrs. Sidney Webb, the social student
in Great Britain, is deeply concerned in
the woman labor problem that is reaching an acute stage. She points out that
there has been a tremendous increase
in, female labor during the past twelve
months and that, unorganized, uneducated, narrow and timid, those workers in new occupations will be a positive menace to a reasonable standard
of living. After the war, Mrs. Webb
says, the situation will be still more
serious. "There will probably be an
additional million women competing in
the labor market," she says. "All customary barriers between men and women, between the skilled and the unskilled, will have to be thrown down;
all limits to overtime will have been
abolished; all restrictions of output
will have been discredited."
AMBASSADORS and those who
make up the staffs of British
embassies are a very exclusive
caste. In their hands, along with diplomats in London, largely rest the chances
of peace and wnr.
Their'secret schemings
may go on for years,
gradually leading to
tinned conflict between
nation and nation, and in which the
working clnss of the countries involved
are expected to sacrifice their blood
nnd lives, without knowing anything
about the reason for it except such na
may be given them by as a cloak for
the real truth. The only time the work
erB are considered flt to take an intereat in "foreign policy" ia when they
nre told to go and kill their kind in
somo foreign country. Then there is no
lack of high sounding but none the less
specious reasonB forthcoming from
these god-like arbiters of national destiny.
To the machinations of their kind in
every country involved in the European
conflict, the war is largely due. And if
the working class of that continent
really menus to Btrike at the causes of
its present position, here is one of them,
and ono of the worst, too. Their work
entB like a cancer into the vitals of international amity and goodwill, until
the day comes when otherwise peacefully disposed peoples are thrown into
mortal conflict with each other, They
nre a class by themselves, utterly removed by all tradition and experience
from the workers, whom they despise nt
ordinary times, and* flatter when they
want them to flght. '
Will Hold Their Annual Conference at
Edmonton in July.
It is very probable that thiB year's
convention of the Western Canada
Typographical conference will be held
at Edmonton, the week of July 11 to
15, at which time the big fair will be
in full swing, says B. W. Bellamy in
the I. T. U. Journal. July 11 falls on
a date unsuitable to take advantage of
excursion rates, as the convention would
have to open on Friday and extend over
the following Monday. Edmonton union
has a committee at work on the preparation of a programme for the entertainment of the guests.
As a result of an interview between
Vice-president Knott, of the conference; Secretary Farmilo and Mr. Kinney, of the Alberta Federation of Labor, and Premier Sifton and Hon. C. R.
Mitchell, our officers are very hopeful
that the proposed factories act will receive the favor of the government
while, on the other hand, tho premier
expressed himself that he war. dubious
ns to whether labor bureaus si.nuld be
instituted, feeling that it was a matter
for federal and municipal enactment.
Eleotrleal Workers (outside)-—E, H. Morrison, Room 207.    Sey. 8511).
Engineers (steam)—Room 210; E. Prendergaat,
Halibut Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear-
ley, 487 Gore avenne. Offloe phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Association—Thomas Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey. 6350.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805.
Sailors—W. S, Burns, 218 Hastings street
west.    Hey,  8708.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phone Exchange
Seymour 5000.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 200.
Hard Work, Long Hours and Low Wages
Having Disastrous Effects.
"Tbe great demand for female labor in England, to fill the place of the
men who have gone, or are going to
tho front, has become a very Berioua
question," says an exchange from the
old land. "The long hours that they
are compelled to work, the low wages
they are receiving and the high cost
of living are destroying their health,
and, in many instances, not only, have
they broken down in health, but in mind
also. These poor, "dumb" creatures
go on wrecking their health and minds,
and their* very aouls, with no hope of
Trolley Sparks from the "Bull Pen"
of Oood Old No. 101.
Ninth Vice-president F. A, Hoover
has returned from his labors in the
prairie cities and has again taken up
the duties of business agent of Division
101. Brother Hoover bears evidence
of having benefitted by the change.
We expect to hear an interesting account of his work at our next meeting
Brother Samson signed off his first
shift and went to join the B. A. M. C.
Unfortunately they were full up so
.Pete went buck to work (still smiling).
Brother Robinson, an old member of
Pioneer Division who was formerly employed as a blacksmith was a visitor
to the business agent's office this week.
"Rob." is alwayB there with the smile,
in spite of the adverse conditions he
has been up against, on account of a
bad accident which deprived him of
th partial use of his left arm. He is
unable to work at his own trade. Although only just making a living,
"Rod." has-the right spirit and intends
to continue taking out his card.
"P. B." stands for P. Bridges (not
P. Burns) one of our genial conductors—also an nuthority on turkeys. He
will guarantee each bird to weigh not
less than 32 pounds. Any person likely to have the price of 32 pounds of
turkey is invited to place the order
Brother J. Conner, W. Miller and
Austin are the latest to enlist, the two
former in the artillery and the latter
in the R A. M. C. Many more to follow in a few days.
Will the party that borrowed John
Hendry's grumaphone kindly return
same at their earliest convenience aa
there are certain repairs that are necessary to the machine that John woufd
like done before the spring rush commences.
The Fairwoather transportation company has started business again. Now
watch the daily papers for accounts of
accident. A big motor truck got
stuck in the mud Tuesday afternoon
near 25th und Fraser, What that driver
Baid about his truck and motor trucks
in general would not look good in the
puritanical pages of '' the only labor
paper west of Winnipeg," so must be
omitted. However by the time the
choice flow of epithets had become exhausted a Fraser avenue car drew up
on the starboard bow, and the crew,
noting the situation, fastened a line to
the stern of the freightor and gen
hauled it back, to firmer ground. Well
what's a public utility for anyway!
J. E. O.
Winter Weather Along Pacific Coast
Has Affected Union's Plans,
[By Sec.-Treas. Wm. H. ReidJ
SEATTLE,   Feb.   14.—Tho   unusual
severe weather on the Pacific coast during the past five weeks, with the attending cessation of shingle manufacturing, has necessitated   an   indefinite
A Jurisdictional Squabble Settled.
A water tank is a barrel. By this
decision at a joint conference in Kansas City, Kan., carpenters nnd coopers
decreed that coopers hold the right to
build water tanks on buildings. A
problem that hns caused many jurisdictional disputes has thua been disposed of.
Aak for labor Temple  "Phone Exchange,
Seymour .749*5   (unless .otherwise  itated).
Cooks,    Waiters,
Andy Graham.
Waitresses—Room    804;
Three Modern Definitions.
A Conservative is one who ngrees
with the radicalism of all history—up
to a century before his timo.
A Liberal is one who agrees with the
radicalism of everywhere—up to ten
thonsand miles from where he lives.
A Radical is one who agrees with the
contemporary reformism of here and
now, everywhere, in everybody—except
An Onklnnd man wrote his will upon
a shoe. Would that make his beneficiary
the sole heir?
The human race is in the beBt condition when it haB the greatest degree of
The moat dangerous place in the
world for a man is a secluded cozy corner whore he and a fascinating widow
can be safe from prying eyes.
Those of us who "hae oor doota"
about the Golden Times coming, aftor
the war, should get in touch with the
optimistic old lady who Baid that "all
the people who aren't killed will be
living quite comfortably on war loans
for the rest of their lives.''
Allied Printing Trades Council—R. H. Neelands,, Box 80.
Barbers—S, H. Grant, 1801 7th avenue west.
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm    Porter,    View   Bill
P. 0.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 188S Thirty-
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser,  1161 Howe street-
Brewery Workers—Chas. G. Austin, 732 7th
avenue east.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood  of  Carpenters  District  Council
- —P. b. Barratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Clgarmakers—W.   II.  McQueen,  eare Kurts
Cigar Factory, 73 Water Street.   .
Cooks, Walters, .Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear-
ley, 437 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workers (outside)—E.  H,   Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical  Workers   (inside)—P.  L.   Estinghausen, Room 207,
Engineers—E. Prendergaat, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Granite   Cutters—Edward  Hurry,   Columbia
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Tem-
;  pie.
Horaeshoprs—Labor Temple.
Letter   Carriers—Robt.    Wight,    177—17th
avenue west.
Laborers—George Harriion, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Locomotive Firemen and Engineers—C. How.
ard, Port Coquitlam.
Looal Engineers—L. T. Solloway, 1157 Hap
wood.   Tel. Sey. 1848R.
Longshoremen—Thomas Nixon, 10 Powell St.
Machinists—J.   Brooks,   Room    211,    Labor
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
•venue west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room SOS, Lahor
Moving Picture Operators—L, E. Goodman,
Labor Temple.
Painters—Geo.   Weston,   Room   808,   Labor
Plumbers — Room    200 %,   Labor   Temple.
_ Phone Beymour 8011.
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—John James Cornish, 1809 Eleventh avenue East.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
Quarry Workers—Jamea Hepburn, eare Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A. E.  McCorvllle,  Box
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,   420  Nelion
Seamen's  Union—W.  S.  Burns,  P.  0.  Box
Structural Iron Workers—Room 208, Labor
Stonecutters—James   Rayburn,   P.   0.   Box
Stone nutters—
Sheet Metal Workere—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street Railway Employees—James E. Griffin,
166 Twenty-fifth avenue east.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province.
Telegraphers—E, B. Peppin, Box 842.
Trades and Labor Council—Miss Helena Gutteridge, Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 66.
Tailors—C. McDonald. Box 508.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers   and   Helpers—A.   Jamleson,   540
Twenty-third avenue cast.
not for any class of tho pooplo.
Clean, noway and bright—a newspaper you can trust. THE SUN
upholds tho principle of government by the people.
KEEP IN TOUCH with the
news of the day by reading THE
Subscription Bates.
By carrier 10c per week, or $5
per year in advance, in Vancouver
or Vicinity.
By mail, 25c. per month, or $3
per year throughout Canada,
Oreat Britain and all countries
within the Postal Union. United
States, 50c. por month.
Coal mining right, of th. Dominion, In
Manitoba, Sssk.toh9W.il and Alberta, th. Yukon Terlrtory, the Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Province of British Colombia, mar be leaaed for a term of twenty-one
year, at an annual rental of $1 an aore. Not
more than 2,660 acre, will be leaaed to on.
Application, for lease muat be made by the
applicant In person to the Agent or Snb-Agent
of the dlatrlct in which the rlghta applied
In surveyed territory the land must be de*
aorlbed by sections, or legal subdivision, of
aeotlons, and in nnsnrveyed territory the
tract applied for ahall be staked by the
plicant himself.
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
I. 3. JONES,       J. A. RENNIE,
Mtn. Director 8ec.-Trea».
Houeei, Bungalowa, Storei
and modem raltei lor rent
*t A big reduction.
Safety Deposit Boxee for rent at
M.50 up.  Willg drawn up free of
Depoitti accepted and Intereit at
rom per cent allowed oa dally
flrst and third Thursdays. Executive
board: James H. McVety, president; R. P.
Pettipiece, vice-president; Miss Helena Gutteridge, general secretary, 210 Labor Temple;
Fred Knowles, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A.
J. Crawford, Jas. Campbell, J. Brookes, trustees.
ALLIED  PRINTING  TRADES    COUNCIL.—Meeta  second  Monday In tht
mouth.   Preaident, B, J. Bothel; iecretary,
K. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Boi 86.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.—Offlce,
' Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets flrst
Sunday of each month. President, Jamea
Campbell; financial secretary, H. Davis, Box
424; phone, Sey. 4752; recording eecretary,
Win. MotUshaw, globe Hotel, Main atreet.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
flnt and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A, Campbell, 79 Seventeenth avenue west;
secretary, A. Frasor, 1161 Howe street.
meeta room 205, Labor Temple, every
Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. McDougall,
1162 Powell atreet; recording aeeretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple: financial eecretary and business agent, B. B. Morrison,
Boom 207, Lahor Temple.
Each application must be accompanied hy
fee of 86, which will be refunded If the
rights applied for are no* available^ but not
postponement   of   the   reorganization L-»n8, '°f  _» £li "quantity of merehanUbje
JmoSg theahinglo wouvo™, fct it will f #£___* S^.%'llf%&ll°,%J,
be prosecuted aa soon as possible,
Next week International President
Brown nnd President Marsh, of the
Washington State Federation of Labor,
will visit Willapa and Grays Harbor in
the interests of the reorganization campaign that is taking shape in both those
As previously announced, the publication of our official organ, The Shingle
Weaver, will be resumed at the earliest
possible date. The management of the
Seattle Union Record, the official organ
of the central labor council of Seattle
and vicinity, and one of the best labor
papers published, has made a tentative
proposal to combine the two periodicals.
The proposition will be carefully considered.
That new leg trouble from which
chauffeurs ore suffering—why not call
it jit knccT
Card of Thanks.
Mrs. Oeo. F. Pound and family desire
to express their thanks and appreciation for the many kindnesses extended
to them during their recent bereavement; also for the floral tokens of respect.
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paltl on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton,
' The person operating the mine ahall furnish the Agent with eworn returns account-
ng rights .. ., ,
aueh returns should be furnished at least once
• year.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at tbe rate or 110 an aere.
For full Information application should be
made to the Seoretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B,—Unauthorised publication of thla advertisement will not he paid for—80690
 Of America dc-or
______ MWS _______ |>0?
Vote against prohibition! Demand per
sonal liberty ln choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Boer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that lt la Un*
ton Made. -This la onr Label
Cranbrook Trades and  Labor Council—Secretary, F. McKenna, Watt avenue.
Nelson   Trades   and   Lahor   Council—John
Notman, Box 674, (
New Westminster Trades and Labor ouncil—
B. D. Grant, Box 984.
Prince Rupert Trades and Labor Council—
F. E. Jackson, Box 108.
Rcvolstoko Trades and Labor Council—Phil
Parker, Box 468.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—Miss
Helena Gutteridge, Room 210, Labor Temple.*
Victoria  Trades  and  Labor Council—Frank
Holdrldgo, Box 802.
Calgary TradeB  and Labor Council—J,   E.
Young, Box 1404.
Edmonton   Trades   and   Labor   Council—A.
Farmilo, Box 1493.
Lethbridge   Trades   and   Lahor   Council—J.
0. Jones, 1504—6th Ave. S.
Medicine Hat Trades and Labor Council,—
B. W. Bellamy, Box 9B0.
Moose  Jaw  Trades and  Labor  Council—R.
H.  Chadwick.  Box  538.
Prince Albert 'Trades and Labor Council—H.
D. Davis, 576—5eh 8t. 8.
Reglna  Trades  and  Labor  Council—W.   B.
McNeill,   1426  Retallack  St.
Saskatoon Trades and Labor Counoil—J. D.
Wallace, 212—Slst St. W.
Brandon Trades and Labor Council—W. Busby, 240 Frederick St.
Transcona  Trades  and  Labor Council—D.
Shea, Box 617.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council—R, A
Rigg, M. P. P., Room 14, Labor Temple,
Berlin Trades and Labor Council—U. Strub,
Weber Apartments, Young St.
Brantford Trades and Labor Council, H. J.
Symands, 115 Cayuga St.
Fort William Trades and Labor Council—S.
P. Speed, 510 N. Brodle St.
Gait Trades and Labor Council—A, L. Philp.
53 Centre St.
Guelph    Trades    nnd Labor Council—Thos,
Hall,  140 Bridge St.
Hamilton Trades and Labor Council—W. R.
Rollo,   Box  828.
Kingston Trades and Labor Council—W, H.
Godwin, 14 Nelson St.
London    Trades    and  Labor Council—Jack
.  Lawtan. 8 Sycamore St.
Ottawa Allied Trades and Lahor Association
—W. Lodge. 21 Croighton St., N.E.
Port Arthur Trades and  Labor Council—A.
P.   Manchee,   116  Joan   St.
Peterborough Trades and Labor Council—W.
M. Stovons, Box 628.
Sault Ste Marie and Steelton Trades Council—R. G. Logan, 849 North St., Steelton.
South Waterloo Trades Council—A. Craigen,
24 East St., Gait.
St. Catherines Trades and Labor Council—
Leo. T. Coylo, 188 Church St.
St.  Thomas Trades  and  Lahor  Council—A.
R.   Robertson,   92   Curtis   St.
Toronto     District     Labor   Council—T.     A.
Stevenitan, 24 Heselwood Avo.
Welland   Trades   and   Labor   Counoil—W.
Powrle,   Box  23.
Windsor  Trades  and  Labor  Council—F.  J.
Cook, 88 Marentette Ave.
Montreal Trades  and    Labor    Council—G.
Francq, 806 St. Paul
Quebec  and   Levis  Trades  Council—Joseph
CHrmont, 88 Petit St., Champlaln.
Sherbrooke    Trndes    and  Labor  Council—
Chas. Dunemoro, 106 King St.
St, Jean Trades and Labor Council*—Thos.
Howe,  Box 251.
Three  Rivers  Trades  Council—0.  Lapolnte,
44 St. Phllllppe.
Moncton  Trades  and  Labor Counoll—S.  G.
Day,  210 Hlghfleld St.
St. John Trades and Labor Council—F, Hyatt,
44 Forest St.
Amherst Trades and Labor Council—Thos.
Carr, Box 981.
Halifax. Trades  and  Lnbor  Council—M.  D.
.Coolen, 8 Maltland St.
Sydney Trades and Labor Counoll—H. Gregory,  Box  418.
—Meeta every ltt and Srd Tueaday,
. p.m., Room 807. President B. P. Wand;
corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
63; flnanclal secretary, W. J, Pipes; buslneas
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 315.
Laborers' union, No. 65—Meets flrst and
third Friday of each month, Labor Temple. .
President, E. C. Appleby; aeeretary, Oeorge
Harrison; business agent, John Sully, room
220, Labor Temple. All laborers invited to
SOCIATION,  Local 8852.    Offloe,  Association hall, 10 Powell streot.   Meets every
Sunday, 2:80 p.m.   Thomas Nixon, secretary.
S. E. & M. P. Af. 0.,—meets flrst Sunday of
each month, Room 204, Labor Temple.
President, W. E. McCartney; Business
Agent, E. J, Huttlemayer; Financial and Corresponding Secretary, H. C. Boddan. P. 0.
Box   185.
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity.
Branch meets 1st and Srd Fridays at Labor
Templo, Room 206. H. Nlghtscalei. president, 276 Fifty-sixth avenue east; Jos. G.
Lyon, financial secretary, 1721 Grant street;
J. Campbell, recording secretary, 4869 Argyle
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:30 and 6 p.m. President, W.
H. Cotterill; recording secretary, Jas. E. Griffin, 166 Twenty-fifth avenue east; flnanclal
secretary and business agent, Fred A.
Hoover, 2409 Clark drive.
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
held flrst Tuesday tn each month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Outterldge; recording sec, C. McDonald, Box 603; flnanclal seoretary, K.
Paterson, P. 0. Box 603.	
Meeta lut Sunday of eaeh month at I
.p.m.   Preaident*, R. Farm. Pettlpleoe;  vice-
Sreaident, W. 8. Metif er: aeeretary-treaaunr
1. H. Neelanda. P. 0. Box 86.
i  ■—
In annual eonvention In January. Executive officers, 1916-17: President, Jas. H. McVety; vice-presidents — Vancouver, J.
Brookes, E. Morrison; Victoria. 0. Siverts;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Denning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; District 28, U. M. W. of A. {Vancouver Island),
W. Head: District 18, U. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Nest Valley), A. J, Carter; secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, P. 0. Box 1588,
Victoria, B. C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Moeta flrat and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government street, at 8
p. m. President, A. 8. Wells; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 302, Victoria, B. C.
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meets aecond Sunday of eaoh month at 1:80
***•*■   Secretary, P. W. Jameson. Box 496.
Directors: R. P. Pettipiece, Jamea
Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wllby, W. J.
Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free, Miss Helena
Gutteridge, J. Byron. Managing director:
Jas. H. McVety, room 211, Labor Temple.
at call of president, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B, C. Directors: James Campbell,
president; J. H. MeVety, seoretary-treasurer;
A. Watchman and A. S. Wells. R. Parm.
Pettipiece, managing director. Room 217,
Labor Temple.   Telephone Seymour 7496.
President—Samuel Gompers, Washington, D.
C.; Clgarmakers International union.
First vice-president—James Duncan, Quincy,
Mass.; Granite Cutters' International
Socond vice-president—James O'Connell, of
Washington, D. C; International Association of Machinists.
Third vice-president—D. A. Hayes, Philldel-
phla; Glass Blowers' association,
Fourth vice-president—Joseph Valentine of
Cincinnati; Molders' union of North
Fifth vice-president—John R. Alpine, Chlca-
.   go; United Association of Plumbers.
Sixth vice-president—H. B. Perham, St,
Louis; Order of Railway Telegraphers,
Seventh vice-president—Frank Duffy, Indianapolis; United Brotherhood of Carpenters,
Eighth vice-president—William Green, Ohio:
United Mine Workers.
Treasurer—John B. Lonnon, Bloomlngton,
III.; Journeymen Tailors of North America.
Secretary—Frank Morrison, Washington, D.
C; International Typographical union.
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—-Meets In convention September of
eaoh year. Executive board: Jas. C, Watters,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B, C; seoretary-treasurer, P. H. Draper, Drawer 61S, Ottawa, Ont.
Ten Sub. Cards for $10. fl
Ten yearly Fed, sab. cards for $10.
Pay as sold. Order ten at onee and help
[to pusMhe Fed'e. circulation.
____________ *«■
t     FBIDAY.. PEBEUAEY 18, 1918
Your Feet Slush-Proof if You
Wear Lecltfes
■ These kind of days your shoes are either your
friends or enemies.
Leckie Boots
are made so solidly, so honestly, of such good
material and1 with such eare—they keep your
feet dry, warm and comfortable. After all,
that's the only kind to wear.
Name stamped on every pair.
Named Shoes art frequently nude in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no matter what Its name, union It bean a
plain and readable Impression or this stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp an
always Non-Union.
IM Summer Street, Boston, Haas.
J. F. Tobln, Pres.   0. L. Blaine, 8eo.-Tree».
or more—memberB of any trades union in Canada may have
mailed to their individual addresses for <fc J a year
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
is good for all men; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for eome
men. The total abstainer has no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
the abstainer to drink what he neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
The Name
ihe JN ame Jj%
stands for all the essential requirements of a first-
class bottle beer. CASCADE on a bottle of beer is—
like the Sterling mark on silver—proof that it's good
honest beer, brewed right, bottled clean, in the most
modern plant on the Pacific Coast, by CANADIAN
UNION WORKMEN. We also manufacture high-
grade—UNION MADE—aerated waters.
You'll find they are of the same high standard as
you are accustomed to in our brand of CASCADE
BEER.  On sale everywhere.
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Australian Workers Not In
Unison With "Labor"
Trades and Lahor Council.
February 20, 1891.
The parliamentary committee was in-"
strueted to obtain an interview with a
certain New Westminster gentleman
with reference to the coming provincial
election. Delegates Irvine and Dickenson were added to the committee.
Two men ore employed at the electric
power house attending fires, and are
paid one at $60 and the other at (70 a
month. Their hours are twelve per day
and seven days a weok,
Bev. Mr. Clinton' was given information on labor topics.
Dislike Passage of Laws and
Orders Without Being
[Special Australian Correspondence]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Feb. 1.—It is an
unfortunate fact that our leading labor
politicians seem suddenly to have turned into mad militarists, and are ready
to go to any length in order to please
thoBe who happen to be in power, politically, in England. Up to the outbreak
of the present war, our labor officials
were the prime performers at peace society meetings, and declared in perfect
uniBon that wars were the outcome of
secret^ diplomacy and capitalist greed,
in which the workers were sacrificed ae
pawns in the international chess game.
The people of Australia were not Blow
to^ become educated to this way of
thinking. For that reason the average
Australian does not quite understand
his political advocate now. We have
our politicianB—once ardent peace pilgrims—now standing up and declaring
that they will give the last man and
the laBt shilling to fight the wars of
Great Britain. And in this the democracy of Australia has not been consulted; the working people, who supply
the necessary flesh and blood to the
campaign, have given no mandate that
they desire'this sacrifice.
Conscription Without Consultation.
Now the whole matter has progressed
another stage. We who have not been
consulted aB to our views in the matter,-
are now told that the government has
made certain promises and that if they
are not honored by voluntary enlistment, they must be honored by enforced
conscription. In other wordB, we are
to be subjected to the very self-same
system of Prussianism that we set out
to destroy. I do not suppose that there
is one Australian who is in favor of
the military system as it exists in Germany, but that is no renson why we
should adopt the self-same ByBtem.
And what makes the whole matter
worse is the fact that our leading politicians, who under the Defence act, be
it remembered are exempt from military
service, have thought fit to offer another 50,000 men without waiting to be
asked whether they were wanted or not.
First we had the late prime minister,
Mr. Fisher, offering "the last man and
the laBt shilling" (the first for nothing,
und the latter at 5 per cent, interest,
free of all taxation). Then we had the
New South Wales labor premier demanding the conscription of every
available man. And this has now been
followed by the present prime minister^
Mr. Hughes, offering an additional 50,-
000 men—although these soldiers have
not as yet volunteered, nor were they
asked for by the British government,
Seeming Unbridled Power.
And because our loading politicians
have taken it on themselves to make
these offerings, we now find the governors and the governor-general striking
"patriotic" attitudes and . saying a
great deal more than they should tako
upon themselves. The other day tho
commonwealth governor-general Baid
that we should probably send a total of
300,000 men to fight in this war. What
authority had he for saying this? Has
he been told this by his political advisors? If this is so, then it is about time
our leaders recognized their responsibility to the people who elected them.
This sending away of large bodieB of
men, without the consulting of parliament has gone about far enough without protest. Our government, by means
of special war acts, has acquired the
powor to do a great many things which
it would not poasess nt any other time,
but it must not thing that is can go
along^ these lines ignoring the people all
the time. In another way it is shown
how far a governor can outdo his authority in war time.
Some "System" Underlying Action.
Recently wo hnd a strike in South
Australia. The mon employed at the
railway works were guilty of the "treasonable" offence of asking for more
money. Getting no satisfaction from
the railway department, the men went
to their parliamentary representative
with a view to having the matter talked
ovor in parliament. This was the occasion for an extraordinary outburst from
tho Btate governor. He Bald "he would
like to put tbo men in khaki, and ship
them off to tho front." This is tho
kind of thing labor militarism Ib bringing on us in Australia. Hero we have
a  governor saying ho  would do just
(Continued from page One.)
the established standards of life were
in no wise to be lowered.
The "Leaven" at Work.
The policy of official intervention In
industrial disputes was adopted late in
the year 1911, and in the next 2%
years 99 dislocations had been prevented, 89 had been curtailed, and only 3
resisted government influence.
In May, 1914, the industrial court issued its ukase against intervention in
disputes in which a strike had actually
occurred, and the wbrk of a special commissioner was confined to the holding of
conferences in anticipation of industrial
In thia way many dislocations of
great importance have been settled, such
as the wharf laborers' strike, northern
coal miners' strike, ironworkers' strike
in 1911; northern and western coal miners' strike, wharf,laborers' strike, Brisbane Btrike, in 1912; southern coal miners ', ferries, Tailwa'y porters' strikes of
1913, and several strikes in 1914.
Busier Times Ahead.
At the present time, with prevailing
unrest throughout, the whole df Australia, following on the increased cost bf
living, and the consequent demand for
higher wages, it would seem that the
arbitration court has a busy time in
front of it.
Kansas Rector Candidly Advises Its Failure as
a Solution
"Drug Store" Substitutes
Cause Men to Sneak,
Deceive and Lie
put np in
pint bottles
in quarts
Factory: 1365-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 285
Est 1004 VancouTer, B. O.
Alleged to Be Practiced by Mine Own
ers of Phoenix and Rossland.
"The mine operators of Phoenix and
Rossland, B. C, are very, terribly, awfully patriotic," says the Kootenay
correspondent of the Seattle Union Record, '' and have driven out many ypung
English-speaking workers to take up
arms for the mother country in the
trenches of Europe. By various devious
means the English-speaking worker is
let know that "his king and country
need him—the company does not," and
as Boon as he enlists his place Ib filled
with one of the ' hated enemies' an Austrian.
" As a result of this policy there are
thousands of Austriana working in that
district, under the thin disguise of Montenegrins, Italians, etc., while the English-speaking worker goes into the army
or starves.
"There is another little patriotic
duty the workers are compelled to do
when in British Columbia—or at least
in this particular part of the province.
Each pay day, one day's pay is deducted by the company for tho 'patriotic
fund.' None of the workers know to
whom it is paid or what it is used for,
but they lose it just the Bame. In addition, the agents of tho Red Cross are
posted outside the doors of the bank
and hold up each worker as he comoa
out with his pay.
"That iB the workers' side of patriotism—now see the employers' side.
"There ib a war tax of 2 cents on
each cheque and to a company hiring
hundreds of men it would be a considerable item in making up the month'b
payroll—so the gentlemen just issue one
cheque for the payroll, give each worker an identification slip and post a cheap
clerk at the bank window and the bank
paya out the entire payroll on one
cheque, Thua the company BaveB a few
dollars in war taxes.
"Patriotiara seome to be a good thing
for tho worker to practice and a bettor
thing for the boss to sidestep."
what we seo done in a country vested
with autocratic monarchy. Wo aro told
that in"Gormany or Russia, where mon
are discontented they are enrolled and
shipped to the firing line, to cool their
ardor, and if one governor, at least,
had his way in Australia, thiB is juat
the kind of thing we would get hero.
Suffice to say that the tradeB unions of
South Australia uro calling upon tho
governor to apologize for his brief remarks, but whether he will humiliate
himself is another mutter. It haa been
said already that he will refuso to apologize, und will say that an industriul
body has no right to interfere with him.
This muy bo so, but ut the samo time
ho must bo told thut a govornor haB no
right to mako u public utterunco favor-
ing compulsory military service This
is a matter for public discussion by tho
workorH, since it concerns them very
much, not for a governor to mako use
of just as it may Huit him. And it is
the one matter that the peoplo uro very
keenly divided upon ut the present
Like Begets Like.
It is time tho gloves enmo off. The
people of Australia did not build up a
democratic commonwealth in ordor that
it muy be debased to the level of u military district of Prussia. Bernard Shaw
once told ub thut thero wus no difference between thc German Junker nnd
tho British Junker, and we are pain*
fully awakening to the truth of thut re-
May Oome to a Show-down.
Meanwhile circulars calling for men
have gone out, and we are being told
by thoso responsible for the raising of
tho men that if tho men who are eligible to not come forward, then they must
bo forced to come. Whether this is a
threat in word only, or whethor it will
hv backed by punitive action is a matter for the future. Tho people of Australia are divided into two camps on
the mutter, and if I mistake not, thore
will bo some very plain speaking und
action before tho matter ia Been
through. The workers rightly Bay that
wealth should be conscripted first, and
that if they are to go, their lives should
bo capitalized ns a fair Retoff to the
part the financial man ia playing, nnd
any loss should be borne by tho latter
gentleman as u price of his remaining
in security at home. Which after all, is
a fair argument. Why the working mnn
hna allowed fat financiers to sit at
homo and draw 5 per cent, blood money
while he is defending his oily carcase
free of charge is a matter I could never
understand. Seems to be that the working man needs a lot of horse sense, even
in Australia.
Rev. J. |\ Millbank, rector of St.
Paul's Episcopal church at Kellington,
Kansas, writes as follows in the St.
Joseph, Missouri, Observer:
'Ypu ask for my opinion in regard
to this great issue.
"First, let me say, I dislike prohibition intensely. To my mlnd.it is all
wrong, or at least it goes about that
which it desires to accomplish altogether, in the wrong way.
"To my mind, prohibition is tantamount to moral weakness. I have seen
a great deal of it—have watched its
comings and goings, and have even done
my beBt as a just-minded man to see
reason in it.
"To me it stands weighed in the balance and, as a working factor, even in
that which it desires to accomplish or
promote, found sadly wanting.
Makes Cranks and Criminals.
I believe a nation of prohibitionists
would be a nation of hypocrites. Prohibition breeds' and fosters suspicion
among neighbors. It means 'behind
doors.' It means all that is not open
and above board. It not only breeds a
sort .of secretiveness of one's actions
but, worse still, it introduces a condition repulsive to any free English-
speaking citizen.
"I hate drunkenness; it is beastly,
inexcusable; but I fear and loathe prohibition still more. I would rather
Bee a son of mine come home drunk
(beastly aB that would be) than to
think that my boy was a sneak and a
liar. Tou ean cure and sober a drunkard. Many have been redeemed. But
never yet have I known a sneak or a
liar changed into a decent man.
Prohibition Breeds Dishonesty,
"No, I hate prohibition intensely,
because, as I have said, it breods dishonesty and a lack of candor, and
were my church—the Episcopal—to
commit itself to such an unscriptural
platform (as many churches have) I
would resign to-morrow, send in my
vestments, and go to work at something else.
"Temperance is one thing (and it
applies to nil our appetites and desires); prohibition is quite another.
The one is strength—the other weakness,
"Drug Stores" Poor Substitutes.
"After living Borne yeara in an anti-
saloon Btate I have come to the conclusion that the absence of the (licensed) saloon proper by no means abrogates or doos away with drinking
or drunkednoss. It only seems to me
to help tho druggists grow rich on
that pernicious 'signing u lie,' as I
call if, when a mnn snonks into a drug
store and whispers what he wants—
holdB up his hand and swears."
History of B. O. Journalism.
In the British Columbia Federationist, the official paper of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor council, in its issue
of Jan. 7, was published a 0-column
"Brief History of tho British Columbia
PresB." This chronicle Ib not only extremely interesting, but even valuable,
and one could wish to see it reproduced
in pamphlet form, ot better still ub a
cloth bound volume. The preparation
of an article of this sort involves great
research, and the results of so groat
labor deserves more permanent expression thnn is provided by the columns of
a newspaper. Printer and Publisher
compliments the writer of this article
on his work, and tho editor of Tho Fed-
eraticnist on securing for his pnper so
fine a feature.—Printer and Publisher,
HOTEL Ne* — Modern — Fireproof
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Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
And on sale at all Liquor Stores in
Union Name Ib Changed.
The Halibut Fishermen's union of tho
Pacific, with local headquartera nt 437
Gore avenue, and union headquarters in
Seattle, is no more, and in its place is
tho Deep Sea Fishermen's union of the
l'nciffc. Tho union has been up till tho
present almost entirely composed of
thc men who man the halibut boats on
thc north Pacific, but of lntc members
have beon joining from the ranks of the
cod und herring fishers. To mnke the
name representative it wns changed.
None nro moro hopelessly enslaved
thnn those who falsely believe they nre
?lant Now
Selected Bushes, 2 year old, from
25c. etch
Refined Service
One Blook weat of Court House.
Uee ot Modern Chapel and
Funeral   Parlors  free   to  all
Telephone Seymour 2428
Vanoouver—Ofllce   and   Chapel,
1414 Oranvllle Bt., Phone Sey, S4I4.
North   Vanoouver — Office  and
Chapel, IM—Sixth St. Weet, Phone
When the
call boy comes around
QSflsB HAT shape will you be in for work if you
I Wl    *"ave *-ecl* awake haIf tho "'Kb* tossing
■^fl     restlessly with aching teeth f
J| Aching teeth come from continued
|^^T| neglect—putting off from day to day
HH0I when you know you should have your
____t    teeth attended to.
Not only is a man out of condition
for work if his teeth are not right—it affects his digestion if he cannot chew his food properly, and that
opens the door for a whole train of trouble.
Put tt down on yonr call sheet to nuke a date with me
to have yonr teeth looked oyer. Examination cuts
yon nothing. Estimates given before yon have aay
work done.
Hygienic Crowns and
Solid 22-karat gold, best
work you can get anywhere—and the price only
If you must have them,
have tho best—restoring
facial expression fully.
H Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St., W. $1 A
Cor. Seymour St. X W
Phone Seymour 3331 per set
per tooth
Ten Fed. Sub. Cards for $10
It will take the chill off thc bathroom or make thc bedroom
comfortable in the morning while you arc dressing.
Rndicnl Electric Heat is pure and clean and vitalizing like
sunshine. A small portable electric radiator can bo attached
to nny lamp socket in any part ~ "lc house, and will instantly
throw out a genial heat and bring both comfort and satisfaction. Will quickly provide added heat for baby's bath or comforting warmth for the sick or infirm,
Costs but a few cents nn hour to operate, weighs only four
pounds, and is durable, convenient and' a comfort bringcr to
the entire household.
Visit any salesroom of the company and sec the various
types of electric heatere in operation; they will both surprise
nnd please you by their efficiency nnd ready ndaptnbility.
Carrall and Hastings Streets
1138 Granville St, Near Davie
Phone Seymour
..FEBHUABT »8, 1918
500 Sacks of "Seal of
to Sell for
Per Sack
__ .   _) \____m_   \tia      mmm t wmaT wwtii canniumt*. \J^^>
Granville and Georgia Streets
1916       1916
May your washing of clothes bo lightened.
May your hard rubbing and boiling be nil,
May you know you can save money and frighten
All worry and trouble kill.
This only by using
SENTS.  Write for premium catalogue).
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver,-B.C.
(We Keep British Columbia Clean)
j%ik ii l
LUMP, PER TON, $7.50   PEA, PER TON, $5.00
NUT, PER TON, $6.50   SLACK, PER TON, 4.50
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whisky
Whyte & Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher & Sont, Highland Cream Whisky
White Rock, Lithia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Oarnegies Swedish Porter
Lamp's Beer
O. Preller & Oo.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, etc., eto.
Goo.l for one year's subscription to The B.
O. Federatlonist, will bo mailed to any nd*
10 SUB   CARDS dr?*?.In .0»*!*****- »•" *1?.- .(0»»4 anywhoro
outside of Vancouvor eity.)    Order ten to*
day.    Remit whon sold.
Ogilvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
Voted to Re-affiliate Mem-
.   bership with B. C.
F. of L.
Will Retain Business Agent
To look after Union
[By W. Yates]
Div. 134 of the Street Railwaymen'a
union held their regular monthly meeting last Tuesday night' and to judge
from the size of tho meeting and the
earnest discussions that took place there
is no danger of this division dying from
dry-rot for somo timo yet, although we
hear a great deal from some croakers
now-a-days about the trado union movement being dead.
The Six-day Week.
Tho report of tho executive of the
B. C. Federation of Labor re the request for a six-day week law was read
and filed, there being no need for any
action as the men of this division work
on the six-day plan without any compulsion.
New Tailor Wanted.
As the contract for the making of
uniforms expires in April it was decided to call for new tenders for the
following year as the holder of the
present contract has not been giving
satisfaction to some of the men.
Re-Affiliation with B. O. F. of L.
After a somewhat lengthy address by
the business agent, outlining the activities of tho B. 0. Federation of Labor
and explaining tho nature of the work
thnt it is doing for tho working class in
B. C, tho division decided to again bo-
come affiliated with the Federation.
Retain Business Agent.
Owing to the decreased membership
and the numerous calls on tho treasury
for assistance for sick members, etc.,
it was advocated by some of tho members to abolish the position of business
agent for the present, but after considerable discussion in which it was clearly shown that such a position was necessary, it was decided to retain ono
as long as the financial position of tho
division would allow.
A notice of motion was given that
at the next meeting tho question of
working straight shifts would be
taken up, and as there is a great deal
of difference of opinion on this subject, it i would be advisable for every
member to attend the next meeting and.
express his views and cast his vote, or
else abide by the decision of those
who do attend, without making his
kick on the street corner or in tho
'' bull pen'' afterwards, as so many
have dono in the past.
The funeral of "Ben" Storey, a late
member of the Street Railwaymen's
union, was held this afternoon in the
Fraser cometery. Bro. Storey died on
Sunday night, after a long lingering
illness, lasting nearly two years.
There was a large turnout of the members of Division 134, as well as of other
friends. His death Ib very much lamented by a large number of Now
Westminster people, as ho was a very
popular and well-liked conductor and
had a large circle of frionds.
At a meeting held by tho city coun
cil nnd the officers of the Canadian
Northern railway, to "discuss plans for
tho location of trnckB through the city,
tho railway peoplo agreed to pay tho
current rato of wages that is paid by
tho city and to hire only white labor,
residents of the city. They alBO agreed
to hire all throuch tho city's employment office, as long as it could furnish
the men. This is the result of having
an active central labor body in
the city and perhaps if such a bocy hnd
been in existence some years ago the C.
P. R. would not employ Chineso and
the B, C. E. R. Italians for this kind
of work.
Tho snow having disappeared from
tho streets the jitnoys have made another effort to accommodate the public
with transportation at a price and it is
now up to those people who appreciate
the efforts of the electric railways to
keep things moving during tho snow
period to withold their patronage
from the jitnoys who did not' spend a
single cent nor an ounce of effort to
got them to thoir business nnd back
homo again, as long aa tho snow lasted. A public utility that is deserving
of^pntronage is one that is a public
utility with four feet of snow on the
ground, the same as when there is no
snow at all.
Two more mombors of Division 134,
Stroot Rnilwnymon's union, havo enlisted sinco last report; Bro. A. Richmond with the Engineers in Vancouvor,
nnd Bro. Wm. Conk with tho 12lBt
hattallion in New Westminster.
$12.00, $15.00
or $18.00
Ib your limit for
see what we have to offer.
Oood Variety, New Styles
The Men's Clothing Centre
1217-1219-1221   Oovernment   St.
and Trounce Avenue
Another A. F. of L. Affiliation.
The Masters/ Mates' and Pilots' association has voted to affiliate with tho
American Federation of Labor, and the
Marine Engineers' Beneficial association is voting on the matter.
Chas, Ferry Taylor in Spokane.
Charles Perry Taylor, of Taeoma',
hccretnry-troasurer of the Washington
State Federation, arrived in Spokane
last week and will be thore for a few
days on business connected with tho organization.
Fred Hoover Back Again.
Fred Hoover, the well-known business
agent of the local street railwaymen, Ib
back in town after a lengthy trip in the
interior in connection with his office as
a vice-president of the international
Parker Williams to Speak.
A mass-meeting of the electors of
Vancouver City riding will be held in
Labor Temple next Wednesday .evening,
Feb. 23. Mr. Parker Williams, member
of the provincial legislature, will discuss tbo issues of the day.
"Dick" Rigg Flays Lone Hand.
R. A. Rigg, M. P. P., wants tho ago
limit- of childron who have to work
raised and the hours reduced. Hear!
Heart Mr. Rigg—did you riBe to make
a remark that tho Social Service and
Ministerial association were assisting
you in that laudabloobject? What?-—
Winnipeg Voice.
Victoria Typos.
The membership of No. 201 continues
to show a stendy decline, and a sympathetic movement in tho volume of business is alao apparent, leaving the unemployment problem still acute. Indications nro not lacking, however, that
Victoria will bo one of tho first cities
to go ahead whon tho carnage in Europe has run its course,—Janies Chris-
ter, in I. T. U. Journal.
"Harry" Sibble .Returns.
"Harry" Sibble, who has been in the
upper country for tho past few weeks,
on bohalf of Tho Federationist subscription list, has been snowed out—at least
temporarily. He is at present in Seattle
doing a little missionary work for Bro.
Ault of tho Union Record, but he will
return to Vancouver next month and
then go into tho interior for The Fede-
rn tionist throughout' the summer
Back from the Trenches.
William Ford, a former car repairer
with the B. C. Electric Railway company, and a member of the Street Rallwaymen's union, was called up as a
reservist when the war broke out. His
time ,is now expired, and he has returned to Vancouvor. While away ho Bpont
ten months in the trenches, but was
lucky enough not to be injured. Ho retires from military service with the
rank of corporal.
Offered Plenty of Work by Their San
Francisco Local.
Striking employees of tho Seattle
Construction and Drydock ompnnyMF
Construction and Drydock company, ISO
of whoso iron shipbuilders went on
strike last week, have boon offered
work in San Francisco by tbo San Francisco local of the International Boilermakers, Shipbuilders and Helpers. A
communication from the San Francisco
union said any striking shipbuilders going to Snn Francisco would bo provided
with work in yards there, which aro
glutted with orders. Announcement
was also mado that the international
union would pay strike benefits of $7 n
week to members of tho Seattle union.
Tho men aro seeking a nine-hour day
and increased wages.
Declaring thnt the belnled interoBt
in the White British Columbia by Con-
sorvutivCB was nn election sign, and asserting that while Mr. Bowser preached
a White British Columbia his practice
belied his profession, Mr. M. A. Macdonald, Liberal candidate for Vancouver in tho expected by-election in Vnncouver, gnvo a stirring address at a
public meeting in thc Liberal headquarters on Pender streot on Feb, Q. under
tho auspices of the Liberal club of the
west ends of wards three and four.
Mr. Macdonald dealt particularly
with the question of tho employment of
Orientals. "Who does not remember,"
ho asked, "the furore that was made
in this province on tho question of a
Whito British Columbia by the McBride
government, whoso chief spokesman
was Mr. Bowser, tho present premier?
It was simply one of those empty cries
—as empty as their treasury with which
that government sought support in tho
past. I notice," he snid, "that at' a
Conservative meeting in ward seven it
is reported that Conservative sponkerB
dealt vigorously with the need of excluding Orientals from employment in
developing tho resources of tho provinco. This belated interest in this question is an election sign The same old
protease will bo mado by tho same old
party that this question is peculiarly
their own. You can fool some of tho
people all thc time but not all tho peoplo all the time. Any ono who looks to
Mr. Bowser for reliof must be patient
and long suffering and he proposed to
show tho reason why. "Look up Mr.
Bowser's record," ho said, "and you'll
find that while he preached for a White
British Columbia his practice belied his
profession. Ho did not scruple in the
past to resort to trickery on the eve of
The Election of Officers for
The Ensuing Year
Takes Place
State of Trade all Branches
Reported to Be Very
Tho regular meeting of Vancouver
Allied Printing TradeB council was held
on Monday, Fob. 14. Presidont Bothel
occupied the chair and a fair representation of delegates attended.
Credentials wore received from Mr.
W. F. Bushman and Mr. A. Swanson of
tho Bookbinders union and Mr. S. Vernon of the Pressmen's union.
Delegates reported stato of trade
quiet in all branches.
Mr. A. Boll was received as a frntor-
nnl delegato from the Seattle local of
tho Photo Engravers' union.
Election of Officers.
Election of officers took place and
resulted in Mr. .T. McKinnon of the
Stereotypers union boing olocted president for the ensuing year. Mr. W.
F. Bushman, of tho Bookbinders union,
vice-president; Mr. H, Neelands, of tho
Typographical union, secretary-treasurer. The executivo committee comprises Messrs. H. Neelands, H. Wheatland,
W. F, Bushman, M. Woodbury and S.
Knowles; and Mr. A. Swanson and S.
Vernon nro auditors.
Rossland Socialists Charter Engine to
Enable Speaker to Fill Engagement
Thoro is evidently some kick left in
the socialists of Rossland, according to
a Daily Provinco despatch from that
lively mining camp city last Monday.
Tho members of tho Socialist Party of
Canada thero arranged with Mr. W. W.
Lefeaux, who was in Vancouvor till
Friday last, to address, a mass mooting
thero on Sunday night. En route Mr.
Lefeaux was hung up at Marcus, Wash.,
by a big mudslide on the G. N. R. Not
to bo outdone the boys nrranged for a
special engine, nnd tho speaker waB
thus enabled to fill his engagement on
time. Sounds like a little touch of old
In tho school of experience a man receives a practical education from his
sisters, an advanced education from his
wife, and then is astonished to discovor
that hia daughter can put' him through
a "finishing course" that loaves him
feeling limp and dizzy.
Spencer's is Headquarters for
Better Grade Coat Sweaters
AT $3.95, we have a heavy weight two-ply worsted coat. It looks well
keeps its shape well and is a splendid wearer. For conductors, chauffeurs and mon working in factories and shopB thia is a coat wo recommend.   Shawl collar.   Colors plain and contrasty trimmed.
AT ?4.fi&—A heavier weight 3-pIy worsted coat, with a shawl collar,
in plain colors. . •
AT $4.75—A medium weight coat in two-ply yarn—pure wool, Boft and
springy. Also a three-ply pure wool in a fancy stitch, heavy weight.
Both excellent coats.
AT $5.60—An extra heavy large roomy coat in three-ply yarn—very
firm and calculated to wear splendidly.
A Splendid Ail-Wool Pull-Over
Sweater for $1.50
This is an excellent garment—a good weight and nice clean rib knit.
Warm and very comfortable. This sweater should sell for *2.25 if we
had to pay today's wholesale price, but we had a quantity on hind, hence
this lower quotation.   Sizes 34, 30 and 38.
David Spencer Limited
a similar outcry was raised against the
arrangement made bjr tho federal government to restrict thoir number to 400
a year, yot no protest is made against
the Borden government continuing that
"But this question," he said, "has
moro than a federal aspect. It has a
provincial aspect as well and the Bowser govomemnt cannot escape responsibility for inaction, if not actual encouragement of the employment of Orientals in this provinco. Wo hnve hnd unfortunately many lessons lately on Vancouver island for the need of tho utmost enro for tho protection of life,
apart altogether from tho economic sido
of the question and tho employment of
white labor. Notwithstanding tho
provisions of the coal mines regulation
act nlroady referred to we are told on
good authority that at number 6 mine
on Vancouver Island 1S6 Asiatics are
employed underground out of a total
of 230; 75 per cont. being Japanese,
the remainder Chinamen. This was at
the beginning of- this year. At tho
samo time at mine number 7, out of a
total of 300 underground miners, 227
wero Asiatics, of whom 00 per cent,
wore Ohinose. At number 4 mino 350
wero employed underground, of whom
258 aro Asiatics, 80 per cent, of them
Chinese, tho balanco Japs. About threo-
fifths of tho wages paid at theso mines
goes to Oriental labor. If this situation is allowed to continue the commercial life of theso centres will gradually
pass into tho hands of a clasB who by
their standards of living make the
smallest possible contribution to the
development of tho provinco. Some
further figures will show the trend of
events in this direction. During the
months of November aud December
3915, figures hnve been published
which show that 48 per cent, of all
freight and imports at Cumberland
were consigned to Chinese merchants;
21 por cent, to Japanese merchants, and
only 31 per cent, to merchants of the
Caucasian race. These figures are a
fair indication of what is going on not
only at Cumberland but at Nanaimo,
Ladysmith and South Wellington.''
"This situation," the speakor declared
"is a striking commentary on the sincerity of the men and the governmont
who led tho people of tho province to
believo that they wore firmly committed- to tho policy of a White British Columbia. "Should they," he aBk-
ed, "bo trusted any longor or supported by any man who is interested in
this question?" No government in
this provinco could havo a moro favorable opportunity to put into practice
what they so loudly declared to be
their unalterable determination, to
mako this a white man's provinco"
elections and in tho legislature either
in, inventing storios of the influx of
Orientals under contract by tho Lauricr
government or by passing a Natal act
into which a word was inBertod which
gave it tho opposite construction to
what was intended. "Evory ono remembers," Mr. Macdonald went' on,
"that whilo the Laurior govornment
was in power up to September, 1911,
Mr. Bowser in seuBon and out of season
used this question to arouse public feeling—posing as tho champion of a White
British Columbia while sinco 1911 after
the Borden government was installed ho
has been as dumb as tho oysters from
his oyster bed leases." Tho same thing
is true of their bettor terms cry.
Today, tho speaker declared, this
question is becoming acute. Thero has
been a steady increase in tho number
of Oriontals in tho provinco. They are
displacing white labor, particularly in
the mining Bections of the provinco
over which tho government have control. Thoir omploymont in largo numbers continues in violation of the law
requiring underground workers as a
matter of safety to be ablo to read signals and notices, and this is particularly true in mines controlled by Mackenzie and Mann, who, while thoy have
not been in office in this province, have
always been in power.
Proof In Figures. '
That thero might be no doubt on this
question ns to the increase in the number of Orientals employed ho proposod
to give tho figures. As was well-known
one-hnlf of the head tax of $500 goes
into tho financial treasury. He would
give tho figures showing the number of
Chineso who pnid tho tax in tho last
year of the Laurier regime, with tho
amount received by the provinco, then
following that tho number admitted
and revenue received sinco 1911 whon
Mr. Bowser hnd a friendly government
nt Ottawa to assist him in keeping his
election pledges if ho ever seriously intended to do so.
In 1910-11, the last yenr of tho Laurier government, 1435 Chineso wero admitted, for which tho province received
$350,250. "Notice tho increases since
that timo, ond draw your own conclusions:"
1011-12, amount' received, $1,00(1,000;
number of Chineso, 4204.
1912-13, nmount received, $1,432,000;
number of Chinese, 5730.-
1913-14, nmount received, $1,723,900;
number of Chinese, G890.
1914-15, amount received, $1,279,351;
number of Chinese, 5117.
"Theso figures," Mr. Macdonald declared, "afford tho bost answer to the
pretensions made in past years that
this government1 would, if thoy could
only defeat the Laurier government,
prevent tho influx of Oriontals into the
provinco." Thon it was well known
that in regard to Japanese immigration
Largest and most select stock In
Western Canada. Easy Terms
and decent treatment, at war
time prices.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
It's Time for a
and Opposition
Tomorrow Evening, Feb. 19, 1916
In the Interests of the Candidature of Mr, M. A. MACDONALD
Liberal Party Nominee in the Bye-Election, Saturday, Feb.
26th. Mr. H. 0. BREWSTER and the Candidate will address the Meeting.


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