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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 10, 1916

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Vancouver, b. c.^ Friday, march iq, 1916
(E •
The Owners of Independent
Fleet Refuse to Accept
Vancouver HaUbut Fishermen Are Not Affected
By Dispute .
The owners of the Independent vessels operating in the halibut fishing in-
' dustry and owned by Beattle parties
have failed to come to a new working
agreement' with their fishermen, all of
whom are members of the Deep Sea
Fishermen's union of the Pacific. As a
result, it iB probable that about seventy-
five fishing boats will be tied up and
about 151)0 fishermen lie idle for a time.
The headquarters of this fleet is aj
Prince Bupert, and about ten of the
vessels have already gono to Seattle to
,be tied up as' the.roBuIt of the mon
learning that the owners would not
agree to the terms of the "new working
agreement. The Seattle fleet constitute
the great majority of the independent
halibut .fishing vessels operating from
Prince Rupert, but about six or seven
bouts are Canadian bottoms. These
crafts are still working aB, although the
owners have not signed the new agreement, they have tentatively promised
their fishermen that they will grant the
concessions requested.
Points in Disputed
The principal points in dispute between the ownerB of the independent
craft and their fishermen deal with the
questions of the cost of gear and the
repayment of losses on individaul trips.
Tho owners of independent vessels
operate on a co-operative basis with
their fishermen. The old agreement
provided that the men should keep the
fishing gear in order and replace it
when lost or damaged. This clause the
men claim, was unfair, as an owner
might equip hiB vessel with second-hand
gear or a captain might have the gear
so placod as to mako it liable to be destroyed, not taking much account of
conditions, as the men were responsible
for its replacement. The new agreement provides that the maintenance of
gear shall be a charge on gross stock,
which means that tho owners, would be
liable for one-fifth of the expenditure
necessary in thiB line.. As the men are
still liable for four-fifths of the item,
they consider such an arrangement vory
reasonable, especially as the captains
give tho orders as to its use while fishing.
On the question of losses on single
trips the owners, according to the old
rule, would deduct from the profits of a
' trip tho entire total of losses which
might have resulted from previous
trips. The clause which the Seattle
owners refuse to consider provides that
on u paying trip every man shall have
his share, up to $25, paid him and that
half of any excess over this amount
coming to him Bhall be deducted, should
losses have occurred on previous trips.
In this way the fisherman would take
his share of the losses, but would make
repayment on the instalment plan,
something being assured him of the results of a successful tirp.
Price of Second-class rish.
Another feature of the new agreement which the independents refuse to
- 'accept, covers the price for second-class
fish as compared with first-class. The
old rule wob that second-class fish were
paid for at half-price of first-class, and
tho men now seek to hnve tnis increased
to 75 per. cent. As the proportion of
second-class flsh in a vessel's catch is
growing each season, owing to the ex-
■', ;insive operation this point is bound to
become increasingly important to the
Russell Kearley, local representative
of the Fishermen's union, Btntofl that
the existing dispute does not affect
halibut vessels about Vancouver. Tho
fishermen have two agreements, one
with the Fishing Vessel Owners' association (the independents) and anothor
covering such concorns as tne Canadian
Fishing Co. and the New England FiBh
Co., which control tho local business.
The differences now existing deal with
thc agreement with the indepondentB,
nnd include only a few Canadian bottoms which, as noted above, aro still at
work, having loft Prince Rupert undor
n satisfactory tontativo arrangement
with the owners. ,
Halibut Fishermen Say That the Manner in Which Subject Was Dealt With Is a Crying Shame—Demand that Log of Estevan Be Published.
along the coast, and in Vancouver and Prince Rupert iij. particular, are up in aftns and talking in vigorous language concerning the efforts put forward by the owners and the government to
search for the missing local halibut fishing steamer Onward Ho
They characterize the search made for this vessel as absolutely
ridiculous, and utterly unworthy of any company or government in
the face of the fact that the lives of the thirty-seven men composing
the crew were possibly at stake—precious lives which mean more to
families and) relatives than pen can tell,
Day after day enquiries -are coming to the local headquarters of
the unionconcerning the vessel, only to elicit the reply that absolutely
nothing is Whown. It is with a feeling of shame for those responsible,
for the search for the vessel that the union officials confess that absolutely nothing can be said concerning the probable fate of the ship
or its crew,
"We wouldn't feel so bad when we
answer these enquiries," said an official of the union, "if we could add
thut everything possible had beon done
to ascertain whether the vessel had
beon disabled and driven on some of
the rocky islands of the northern seas.
But, with the paltry and puny efforts
made to search for the vessel, we can
give absolutely no information to the
anxious enquirers. I say it's hard, and
I also have no hesitation in saying it's
a crying shame and I am supported in
thltt opinion by every member of our
union, the majority of whom know the
inside facts of the case."
Left Fishing Ground Jan. 19.
Tho Onward Ho is owned by the B.
C. Packers' association, and haB Steveston as- itB home port'. With its crew of
37 men, the vessel left the Alaska fishing grounds on January 18, laden with
20(1,000 pounds of halibut. The crew of
tho New England Fish Co.'s steamer
New England, saw the vessel leave the
grounds. On the following day a Seattle fishing steamer again saw the boat,
which she reports as then being heavily
coated with ice and considerably down
at tho head.
Ab the Onward Ho did not arrive at
her home port within a reasonable time,
considering the severe weather then
prevailing, attention to the matter was
directed by the public press. The owners did nothing at that time toward
sending out a searching party and now
claim that the only vessel it had which
could be used for the purpose was not
ready for service. The men Bay this
may be so, but that it is peculiar that
when thiB vessel was needed for halibut
fishing, it took but a short time to get
it ready, and it is now in order for a
Lighthouse Tender Sent.
-After strenuous efforts on the part of
parties interested the Dominion authorities gave orders that the lighthouse tender Estevan be sent out ty search, for
the missing vessel. In the opinion of
the men, this solution of the problem
was almost worthless to a great degree,
inasmuch as the Estevan is absolutely
unfitted to meet such weather conditions as would be encountered in the
northern seas at the time,
fin Vumnr\
■> Qltt.ii.oy;
$1.50 PER YEAR
Wife of One Mechanic Receives Only $225 in Seven Months
to Support Family of Five—Net Earnings of Workers Less Than Pay of Canadian Privates.
Mine Owners Using This
Method to Exterminate
Situation So Acute That the
Local Paper Raises
a Protest
Business agent for the Deep Sea Fishermen's union, with headquarters at
437 Qore avenue.
The Estevan waB out on its search fir
a week, and then returned to Esquimalt
to refit. Pressure was again brought to
bear to renew the search, and the Estevan was again sent out, thiB time, according to District Manager Cassidy, of
the 'B, 0. Packers, with instructions to
prosecute the search to the westward,
the probable course of the Onward Ho
at this season if tho vessel was disabled!. ,
this latter searching party of tbe Estevan, which covered about two weeks,
the men say they would class as a joke
if tbe matter of the possible loss of-human life was not too serious a matter
for levity. They Bay that the reports
us to thu tender's whereabouts'during
the greater part of the time show that,
instead of cruising around to the west,
whero there was a chance of finding the J
vessel or its crew on some barren island, the boat hung around the Queen
Charlotte islands, nightly putting into
the harbors and bays and coming to anchor.
Where Did the Estevan Go?
Beports from Capt. Harry of the Canadian Fishing Co.'s steamer Celestial
Empire, and by the independent fishing
steamer Progress of Seattle, aro to tbe
effect that the Estevan was under their
observation for several days during this
last trip. The vessel was lying in various harbors near these steamers every
t night of this period, its crew being engaged at fishing or hunting. Trips out- j
side were made during the day, but I
such a trip as could be made in the
timo the Estevan was out of the harbor
is said to be absolutely worthless when
the demands of the case are considered,
As might be expected, the Estevan returned with the report that no trace
could be found of the vessel, and that is
the end of the chapter at the present
time. -
The mea of the Fishermen's union
want to know why better provision was
not made for a searching party than
was covered by the designation of the
Estevan for the purpose. Even then
they ask why some details nag to the
manner in which the search was prosecuted are not given out. They say that
if the Onward Ho had been a passenger
(Continued on page 4)
has given the organized wage-
workers of the Slocan mining district vexntious concern is the employment of "foreign" labor in and around
the mines, Not the least of this evil is
the fact that these employees, forltho
most part, have no vote and are therefore unable to register a protest against
legislative evils, on election day. This
condition is not peculiar to the Slocan
camp. It is equally true of practically
the whole upper country, especially at
Grand Forks and Phoenix.
Eighty Per Cent. "Aliens" Employed.
The Slocan Becord, published by
"Jim" Greer, an old-time member of
Vancouver Typo, union, has given no
striking evidence of being very radical,
but it at least recognizes the danger
ahead, if tho present situation is not
soon altered. LaBt week the Becord
We were in error that fifty per
cent, of the employeea in the mines of
the Slocan were aliens. It should have
been ' eighty per cent.' It was not our
aim to start a controversy but to point
,out to mine managers, superintendents
and foremen their grave responsibility
at a time when the empire is in a death
struggle to maintain the liberty enjoyed
under no other flag. A sense of decency
should have prevented an alien from
rushing into print on a question of vital
importance1 to subjects of the empire
alone, and that did not concern him in
any way. His misstatements to the
press, even if they had been true, were
in very bad taste, indeed, and a gross
impertinence. If the Standard company
must employ aliens, thc managing director Bhould instruct them to leave the
discussion of national questions to citizens of the country."
After An Aiwnce of i'welve Tears, Hr.
Cowling, Charter Member of
No. 213, Sees Many
loud cry from the munition workers who left the province last
year, iu response to the call -for skilled workers in munition
works, as to the manner in which thoy are* being dealt with. And
from "somewhere in British Columbia" is also heard an answering
echo from thc wives and children of these men, who now flnd themselves in difficult and even destitute circumstances, owing to the husbands and fathers being unable to send them sufficient funds to keep
the "wolf from the door."
When these munition workers, men who were skilled at their
trades, left British Columbia, they went in response to the "call of*|
their country" just as tfuly as did thc soldier who enlists for work
in the trenches. They expected and were led to believe that their
services would be accepted as those of skilled' workmen, and that such
compensation .would be given them as would enable them to properly
provide for their families.
Eight Hout Day Propaganda
a         rf
Officers' Reports Indicate That Organization It In Old-time Fighting Mood.
Trail, B. C, March 6.—(Special to
the Federatlonist)—The annual convention of District 6, W. F. of Miners
opened here today, twenty delegates
being present representing all parts
of tbe field. One woman delegate was
present, representing the Rossland
auxiliary. International Pres. Moyer,
Messrs. David Rees and A. J. Carter
trom the Crow's Nest district and Pres.
McVety of the B. C. Federation of
Labor were als» present.
The reports of the officers on the
year's work were received. The tenor
of the reports indicated that the organization was working rapidly toward tbe
restoration of the old-time militant
organization which made District 6 a
great force ln compelling attention to
the demands of labor.
The convention was addressed by
Mrs. Davidson on the subject of women
suffrage, her remarks being well received.
Pres, McVety of the B. G. Federation
addressed the convention at length on
the question of re-affiliation which now
appears practically certain. Great Interest Is being manifested among the
delegates on the subject ot the B, G,
Workmen's Compensation Act, and Mr.
McVety will address an open meeting
on this topic on Friday night, outlining
the terms of the draft measure which
It is probable the provincial legislature
will pass at lta present session..
Mr. G. Cowling, an old-time Vancouver member of the Electrical Workers'
union, in fact a charter member of No.
213, iB in the city this week from Seattle, after an absence of twelve years.
Union meetings wero men being held in
the old church building on the present
site of ihe Labor Temple, and Mr. Cowling haB experienced mixed feelings in
meeting old colleagues and inquiring
for others who have passed away for all
time. Mr. Cowling's family is in Seat
tie at present; but if possible, Mr. Cowling will once more make Vancouver his
Needless to say he marvels at the
changes here during n's absence. "I
feel like a total stranger," was the remark made to The Federationist. "I
note, too, politically, the workers are
about where they were when I left here,
To judge by daily paper reports of your
last' meeing of the Trades and Labor
council, some people would have others
believe it waB the fault of the officers;
but I know better. Long experience
has taught mo that. Who has not heard
A. F. of L. officers criticized for its de-
linquencyf And, after all, is it not all
that the membership have made it?"
Employees, Musicians, Bro.
Loco. Engineers.
MONDAY, MARCH 13—Amalgff-
mated Engineers, Electrical
Workers No. 213.
Painters, Pressmen, Barbers,
Stone Cutters.
tennnce-of-Way Men, Trades
and Labor Council.
li FRIDAY, MARCH 17—Bro. Railway Carmen, Pattern Makers,
Granite Cutters, Molders.
The Labor Centre Association of New York city iB fathering a nation-wide
project in behalf of the 8-hour day through the constant circulation of the propaganda literature in tho form of stamps, which are so affixed to correspondence
as noted on tho above cut. The Center believes that the juseice and fairness of
tbe 8-hour day will be impressed upon the gonernl public in a telling form by
tho use of these stomps and is offering the "stickers" to unionists and others
at pructically cost on application to its home office, Union Square, New York.
The suggestions of the promoters of the plan iB for the use of tho stamps as
follows: i
1. Havo everybody at home paste on tho back of all mail leaving the house.
2. On literature and newspapers ^distributed,
3. Have one as a piece of decoration on your "card."
4. On your shop or office*mirror where the hnbit of looking is strongest.
5. Have your children paste a stamp on their lesson papers with this note to thoir
school teacher "Teacher, teach these truths!"
6. Send one to your priest or preacher suggesting a sermon: "Nearer to Justice
—the eight-hour work-day."
7. Persuade organizations, societies and public officials who express sympathy
with the eight-hour cause to supply themselves with large quantities of the
stamps for use on their correspondence.
8. Call for more stumps—don't let up I r
Men Lay Off Pending Investigation-
Form Permanent Organization.
VICTORIA, March 8.—On Ft*. 28,
the men engaged by Grant, Smith Co,
nnd Mr. McDonald on the piers contract
hore, struck, on account of excessive
hours and Sunday labor. It wob claimed
by the men that they woro compelled
to work from 0 to 11 hours per day,
including Sundays, and that no overtime rato was paid, only straight time
boing; pniil for the extra timo worked.
The men furthor stated that they had
no desire to work overtime nt all, being
content with the regular 8-hour working day.
Wires were sent to Hon.1 Robert Rogers, minister of public workB, and Mr.
G. H. Barnard, M. P. for Victoria, explaining the situation, both of whom
roplied that Fair Wage Officer McNiven
had been instructed to go to* Victoria
as soon hs possiblo and arrnngo for fair
treatment of the men affected.
Every effort has been made by thc
central body to effect a settlement of
the points in dispute, but so far without
tangible result's. Ab Fair Wngo Officer
McNiven is not expected to arrive in
Victoria until Friday of this woek, tho
men are biding their timo--until his decision aB to their complaints is given,
Tho men are taking out a charter in
tho Building and Common Laborers'
union, realizing tho necessity of organization, after their experiences on thc
work they hnve been engaged upon.
Temporary officorfl have been elected
pending the rceipt of the charter and
outfit and efforts will then bo made to
organize ull men, following the same
92—8 Houra—Point Grey.
Point Grey council this week decided
to abolish "relief work" and to pay
laborers 30 cents an hour instead of 42
a day of eight hours.
Expensive Litigation Forced Upon Defendants of Killed and Maimed
In Famous Mine. ^
Charles Ehlers, miner, 1222 Wood-,
land drive, Vancouver, has issued a
writ claiming damages agalnBt the
Britannia Mining and Smelting
company for injuries received while
in the employ of the defendant
company. He is asking for damages of $15,000 under the common
law, or in -the alternative $6000 under the Employers * Liability act.
Civic Oommlttee Will Consider Question
When Awarding Contracts.
When tenders were opened by the
Vancouver fire and police committee for
the uniforms for firemen and other
branches of civic work, on Wodnesdoy,
Aid. Woodside very properly put forward the enquiry as to whether the tenderers provided, .that the garments
would bear the union label. The point
was not discussed in detail, but the
special committee considering the tenders will consider the subject, ns well
as working conditions in the various
shops, before making the recommendation for an award.
But what do we find} Lotter after
letter is received from these workers
telling stories of misrepresentation, inability to obtain a hearing of protests,
etc., until auch conditions are created
as lead the writers to heartily wish they
had never heard the call. But, now
'that they are at the work, the government is holding them tight and fast,
giving no ear to their demands for fair
and just treatment.
Matter Is Crying Shame.
It is certainly a crying shame that
the civic authorities of Vancouver and
New Westminster have been obliged to
take up the complaints of the munition
workers in the form of consideration of
applications for relief from the families
of the men. Now that tbe subject has
boon brought forward, even in this regretful form, it is trusted that the public will be so aroused as to "raise a
holler'' which will reach the ears of the
proper officials and lead to the altering
of the conditions to such an extent as
will enable these skilled munition workers to bo provide for tbelr families as
to make it unnecessary for them to
apply to charity in order to provide for
the absolute necessities of life.
The Federationist has been making
some individual investigations as to the
merit of the complaints of the munition
workers ond their families, and finds
that there is ample ground for the protests which are being made.
One case covered by the investigation
is that of a Vancouver man whose
name, if published, would be known to
many readers as that of a thorough mechanic, sober and industrious, and a,
man who has held excellent positions in
the city. Seven months ago this man
loft to take up munition work in the Old
Country, and in all that time his wife
has. had from his employers and her
husband only $226 with'which to support a family of five.
Extracts from letters of this man to
his wife will be interesting and to the
point, as they come straight from the
field. One letter received recently contained the following paragraphs:
Whtt Munition Workera Make. I
"I noted the cutting about the big
pay tbnt tho people are getitifg in Sheffield. Well, there is one of them downstairs now, and he tells ub something
quite different. It is only on night
work and piece work that a few of them
can make it. There .are 15,000 employed In one shop, the workers being
of all nationalities, Danes, Swedes,
Americans, etc. There Is one American
girl who can turn out 12 shells a day.
She gets a shilling apiece, and Is the top-
notcher. There Is a lot of dissatisfaction there, because the bum workmen
get the same rate as the good ones.
"Merry England—merry hell, more
(Continued on page 4)
More Street Railway Men
Are Enlisting for Overseas Service
Urges the Payment of Doea
During  the  Present
"Pay Up Week"
'       TO ORGANIZED LABOR =====
Awl This ln tfar-tlmel
George Reid, veteran British socialist, was recently elected from Ht.
George's in a bye-election. No mention
has been made of tho election in the
local daily press.
AN APPEAL TO ORGANIZED LABOR throughout the entire continent
on behalf of the Vancouver Labor Temple is now being whipped into
shape, ond the full outline of the project will shortly bc presented to the
Vancouver Trades und Lnbor council, which is the majority stockholder in,tho
projoct, for consideration.
As this is tho first time in thc history of the Vancouver council when an
appeal has boen made to outside labor organizations for assistance, it is thought
that it will rosult in thc proffer of such assistance as will tide tho Labor Temple company over its present difficulties. Especially is this tlio case ns tho
council docs not have to go to the outside organizations "hat in hand," but
is ablo to offer stock in a legitimate paying investment under normal conditions, the basis of the appeal being tho purchase of treasury stock in tho holding corporation.
Every render of Tho Federationist knows tho reasons for tho difficulties
which now confront the Labor Temple project, There is no noed of reciting
facts concerning gcnerul depression, war conditions, reduction of population,
etc., all of which have mado the problem of making it impossiblo to carry out
the plans which a few years ago enabled tho project to be taken up witth evory
hope of success.
The parties holding' tho mortgage on the proporty have granted tho Labor
Templo company an extension of timo for the ndjustmont of its financial affairs, the further attitude of the mortgagees boing dependent on the showing
mndo during the period granted. After careful consideration of,all the facts,
the Labor Temple company has decided to propose tho special appeal to labor
organizations nil over the continent as tho best solution of tho problom.
The Federationist is sure that its readers will give hearty endorsement to
tho plans now being outlined and that, whon the proper timo comes, the
unions and individual wnge-workcrs within its field will unitedly support tho
effort now being put forth to save for the trados unionists of British Columbia
a labor headquarters at the metropolis of the province worthy of tho importance of tho wngc-wokcr as a leading factor in tbo development of the country,
the property being the finest for its intended purposes and, with ono exception,
representing thc greatest capital investment on tho entire continent.
President Cottrell and Bro. Hoover
took a jaunt over to the Capital City
on Monday to interview Premier Bowser with regard to six-day week legislation for street railwaymen in this.province. In cbmpany with W. Tates from
the New Westminster looal and Brof.
Nock, Nunn and Dewar, representing
the Victoria boys, they put the cate np
to the premier. While the government
is apparently not very keen to pawing
any special legislation, it is thought
that the Tramways act will be amend'
ed to suit the wishes of the street nil*
way men. In this case the enforcing of
the law would be in the hands of Mr.
Rao, tho provincial tramways inspector.
We regret to announce that onr business agent has received news of the
doath of his mother tack in Ontario.
The news, came as a blow to Bro. Hoover, as he visited hiB old home -only a
few months ago, and found his mother.
enjoying good health at that time. AU
members of the division join in extend*
ing to Bro. Hoover onr, heartfelt sympathy.
Did you notice the look of contentment on Brother H. Stahger 's faoe
theso last two weeks! He became the
father of a fine baby boy on Feb. 26,
Mrs. Stanger. and tho baby are doing
fine.   Congratulations, brother.      ■
It might be necessary to remind some
of our members that there is a union of
milk wagon drivers in Vancouver. It
costs no more to have a union man de*
liver your milk.
In accordance witb instructions of
our last meeting, our business agent haa
written Tuckett Bros, with regard to
their attitude on the union label queition. This surely will help some, as no
doubt Jim Fletcher will quit smoking
T. & B. Brother Fletcher says he ia
prepared to sacrifice his favorite*tobacco for the cause of organized labor.
We have another list of applications
for leave of absence for military service as follows: J. McClymart, G. A,
Perkins, W. Allison, J. A. Thorp, B.
Conner, ,T, Goldsbongh and M. Cutler.
This brings up the number to about 80
from Pioneer division, and the end la
not yet. Asked aa to Mb opinion with
regard to the green and tbe tango street
car tickets, a gentleman of Hebrew ex*
traction stated he preferred the green
tickets as he only had to walk six times
to save two bit's, while he walked eight
times to save the same nmount whon
thc tangos were in use.
We come pretty near having some
fun at our last meeting. One member
(who has not enlisted yet) said he was
looking for blood, and in due course
was invited by President Cottrell to the
floor when tbe fighting one said, "He
had forgotten what he was going to
say." Some dangerous individual, ehf
Tbe gavel in the hand of the presiding officer iB an emblem of authority,
and while that authority may be abused
by tbe premature closing of any debate,
it is also possible to be too lax. President Cottrell is a very capable and fair
officer, but remember, Harry, we have
to get up pretty early next morning.
Bro. Hughes, the popular executive
board member for North Vancouver, is
a pretty good sport. Every time any
of the boya from this side visit the
North Shore, he gives them a sack of
spuds and a 30-pound vegetable marrow
to bring away as a memento. Ask
Bro. Beattio.
Speaking about music, William Eric
Beattie is the latest to join the B, C.
E. R. band. Bill was to have played
the tenor horn, but the bandmaster decided to give him a snxnphone ns thore
was a danger of Bill blowing the horn
out straight.   Safety flrBt.
RuIob of order nre something that
Bro. Shrapnel is quito prepared not to
bother with. Having been, 14 times
around the world and still n young man,
Bro. Shrhpncl decided to break iflto decent society and attended our Inst mooting. Come again, brother, nnd bring
your "melting pot" and "rip saw"
eloquonco with you.
This ib "pay up weok" and thoso
mombors in arrears will kindly note the
fact. To have a paid-up card means
that you are entitled to benefits should
anything happen to you. Don't take
chances. Remember that thero aro people dying now that' nevor died beforo.
Many enquiries hnve been made regarding thnt part of last weok's article
relative to the strong man. Certainly
an explanation should bo forthcoming
from somebody. We havo interviewed
tho editor of Tho Fcdoratiomst and ac*
ceptcd his apology, also bis assurance
that he will bo more careful in the future. J. E. G.
U. S. Capital Lines Tied Up for Two
Days—Recognition Demanded.
Becauso tlfoir demands for the recognition of a recently organized union,
bettor working conditions and an in*
crensod wago scale were refused, the
street railway employees of Washington, D, C, went out on n strike at the
beginning of tho weok. For two days
all the street car lines in the District
of Columbia, except two interurban
divisions, woro tiod up. The men finally
returned to work aftor their representatives had Bocured from the two companies concerned an agreement that the
questions kt issue should be submitted
for arbitration.
Demand Decent Wagea.
Trouble ngain is thneatened among
tho Clyde workors, says a London despatch, owing to the refusal of the government committee on production to
concede an advance in wages there. ... i.i    .i    smnm      _[»j, ■. ■■
08 Bruelui In 0»md»
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Total Assets ...
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Paid ap capital     6,000,000
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Conar HMtingi ud OamUt ttt.
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tions in Vancouver, Victoria and
Rosslund hus been a most pronounced victory for tho Liberals as
against tho Conservative machine. In
Vancouver the Liberal candidate was
THE POLITICAL Q]ciitfi_ by a mujor.
ROAD TO ity   0f   0yor   4000
TAME. vot08 out 0f n totnl
of 15,000 polled; in
Victoria the Conservative came within
15 votes of losing his deposit, and in
Rossland the Conservative was elected
by the vory narrow margin of less than
a dozen votes,
* #       *
This sudden and successful onslaught
upon the well entrenched Conservative
machine has Beriously upset tho previous calculations of its manipulators,
while at the same time openiag up most
enchanting prospects to the lean und
hungry Liberal pilgrims who have, for
lo these many moons, wandered disconsolately in a political wildernoss devoid
of manna.
«       *       «
For a matter of twelve years or more
the Conservative wing of capitalism's
political machine has held supreme command in this province. For fully two-
thirds of that period its rule has been
almost undisputed. While this has been
the situation in British Columbia, in
other provinces it has been aonietimes
Liberals and again Conservatives in
power. The Bame haa been' true in regard to the Dominion government as
* #      *
The gang which has been excluded
from the treasury benches has always
vociferously proclaimed from the very
house-tops that the gang in control was
rotten and corrupt and ita only excuse
for existence was to wax sleek and fat
upon the plunder of the public treasury
and the alienation of the public resources.
* *      • -
It is more than probable that these
accusations were in every case true. At
least it would seem so if we are not to
overlook the disclosures not long since
under the Liberal administration in the
Yukon, revelations that are even now
going on in reference to certain federal*
matters as well as the delectable mesa
being uncovered in Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
* *      #
Tbis rottenness and corruption
against which so many well-meaning
persons cry out with lusty zeal, aeema
to express itself with equal certainty
and vigor whether the boiling of the
pot be under the supervision of either
Liberal or Conservative pot-boilera.
This might lead some impertinent ones
to entertain the suspicion that the real
cauae of this corruption and rottenness
might Ho in that from which the Liberal and Conservative parties, both
alike, spring and, therefore, be due to
a cause, or causes, over which they have
no control,
•> «       #    • •
The fact of the matter is that all
political parties that spring into existence as spokesmen and defenders of the
present syfltem of property and wealth
production, are, in every particular,
ulike. They are "tarred with the same
stick." They all belong to tho same
species. They all become rotten and
corrupt because they are the concrete
expression of a rotten and corrupt thing,
i. e., a ayatem of property and industry
based upon the enslavement and exploitation of tho working class. As the
good book aays "a tree is known by
ita fruit." What other reault or expression could reasonably be expected!
The ntiro artillery of the various precious factories of capitalism's political
army consists of accusations of grnft,
thievery, corruption, etc., nnd the hurling of epithets and vile insinuations,
each at the other. A sort of a continuous trench warfare is thus carried on,
between the iub and tho outs,.in which
tbe throwing of stink-bombs and tbe
dodging thereof, in time becomes a fiiu
I #      •      #
Nearly everybody knows that there is
no difference, for instance, between the
Liberal and Conaervative particB of this
country, except that one is out and tli>
other is in.
At least everyone in this province
knows this except Parker Williams and
possibly a few more. Just why bo many
human animals can bc, however, stam
peded, first one way and then the other
in the dirty scrambles for power and
pelf, between these various capitalis
political factiona, ia a problem in psychology tho study of which would drive
one to smoking hop.
A still groater mystery is how any
one who professes to have made a study
of cupitoliat production and has arrived
at an understanding of the economic
and political position of the workers,
under the rule of capital, can be led to
commit political "hari kari" by going
back upon hia previously professed con
victions and thus sinking to the love,
of a stink-pot manipulator in the inter-
ddi of somo capitalist political factiu.
Ralph Smith, at one timo elected as
a Labor representative from Nanaimo,
to the Dominion parliament, attained u
certain brand of fame by deftly discarding the Labor gurb which ho had
donned for election purposes and thus
disclosing himself in his true colors as
a clieup Liberal. His quick-change stunt
was not particularly startling because
he never pretended that his conception
of the Lubor movement and its needs
and aspirations were based upon a
scientilic analysis of capitalist production and its corollary, wage slavery. HiB
conception of the Labor movement being purely bourgeois, the casting of his
election coat and his appearance upon
the stage in Liberal guise wus a matter
of little consequence. It was not enough
of u change to cause more than pussing
The theatrical stunt of Parker Williams is different, however. He hu.-.,
for yours, professed to be a disciple of
that cult of political and economic
science that bases ita action upon the
class character of modern society, und
persistently points out the irrepressible
conflict of interest between capitalist*-.
und wage-workers, a conflict of interest
thut makes it impossible for these two
classes to act together, either politically
or economically, without injury to the
interests of either one or the other. The
interest of one of theso classes cannot
be furthered without a corresponding
injury being inflicted upon the interest
of the other. Parker Williams oithei
knows this to be true, or he hus been
obtaining political preferment under
fulso pretences for the past twelve
a        a        a
Compared to Parker WilliamB' change
of political coat, that of Ralph Smith
is not worth mentioning. The fume attained by the latter will be in equal
measure outclassed by that which will
be measured out to the former. These
two worthy exponents of the art of
political quick-change, while everybody
is looking on, need not delude themselves with the notion that any man
can "blow both hot and cold" in political lifo these days without being cast
into oblivion, leaving nothing but a
bud odor behind.
comes in for a tidy increase in not'
earnings, which will cause a glow of
satisfaction to suffuse tho mug of every
loyal Canadian who justly takes pride
in tho prosperity of this, the foremost
of nil the institutions in this Canada of
#       #       tt
Tho net earnings of the C. P, R. for
the month of December, 1915, was $5,.
702,321, as against $3,502,798 for December, 1914, Lot no carping critic
dure assert that "we" are not prosperous, even in Bpite of tho war.
It is often said thnt the working
people are tsupid, and juat for tho sake
of argument let ua asaume they aro.
But what ia to bo aaid for the nvisdom
of our muatera whon they so openly and
brazenly publish the figures of our exploitation and openly boast of the magnitude of the swag ho artistically gathered from the sweat of our cIobs.
t       #       #
The magnitude of this exploitation,
us set forth in the railway earnings
herein quoted is duplicated in evory
brunch of human industry. When these
figures cun bo openly circulated under
the very eyes of the workors themselves
and they see not the exploitation that
is practiced upon them; when loudmouthed braggarts mako oratorical boast
of the large volume of plunder taken
from our class, and without protest on
our part, and we hear not therein tho
proclaiming of our own Kinmo as dolts
and slaves, it iB time we acknowledged
our stupidity to be even greater in degree than our masters have supposed
t       t       *
At any rate we hope tho ruilway employees will be sufficiently moderate in
their demunds, to the end that their
masters muy not bo forced into tho
bread-line next winter. That sort of
experience should be reserved for thoso
to whom it properly belongs, i. e.,
slnvea out of a job und out at the elbow
and elsewhere.
IT 18 GENERALLY known that the
men in the train service throughout
Canada and the United States are
preparing to make demand for a substantial increase of wages within the
near future.    They
not only propose to
DISMAL make demands, but
OUTLOOK TOE n]8() to enforce such
RAILROADS. demand's, if posBi.
ble. The knowledge of such an impending
The knowledge of such an impending
catastrophe as the loosening up of a
fow dollars in extra wages to their employees, has nearly caused the death,
through heart palpitation, of a number
of railway presidents and other high up
ractotums of those sorely-harried benevolent institutions. Some of the reasons put forth by the high priests of
the railway world why such raise of
wagea cannot be met without bankrupting the poor corporations, are touching
in the extreme. One would almoat be
led to believe that an lncreaae of 10%
in wagea would force the roads into
liquidation, aad the present owners and
beneficiaries, from the highest official
and the heaviest stockholders down to
the poor widow and the orphan, into the
bread line.
But just as we are brought to the
verge of tears through the heartrending
wail of the seriously threatened railway
owners, who, in the goodness of their
hearts, have so unselfishly provided the
ungrateful public with ample means of
transportation, the skies clear and the
sunshine of hope dries up the sob stuff,
so to apeak. This clearing of the aky
and the passing of the wet spell is due
to the arrival Of the Wall Street Journal with news most cheering, something aftor this fashion; ''
The net earnings of the railways of
the United Statea for the year 1915
amounted to $955,004,313. This tidy
little sum waB left in tho treasury of
the owners after ull expenses of operation hud beon paid. It waa 25.5% in-
creaBe over 1914.
If thoro nro 1,500,000 employees in
the service of theBe railways, this
would mean that over $600 of plunder
had beon taken out of the pocket of
each wage-worker in tne service, after
all expenses, including wages, hud been
puid. There wna no chattel alave owner
of the south, before the war, tbat ever
got $000 per year out of his "niggerB."
A "free" laborer is a fur more profitable slave than ever a chattel dared be,
or could bo.
The net earnings of all the roads for
the month of December, 1915, waB $99,-
513,498. Thia waa an increase over December, 1914, of 75.6%. The report
for the month of January of this year
shows that this phenomenal increase of
earnings is not only holding up, but increasing. It really lookB ns though dl
vine providence is putting forth an ear
nest effort to shape things up so that
the railways may be ablo to stand and
increase of wages to their employees in
the near future without being actually
forced into bankruptcy. Provided, of
course, that tho selfish and grasping
wage-workers will bo satisflod with a
reasonable advance; say, 5%, or possibly a trifle less.
It is pleasing to note also that "our"
own Canadian Pacific railway likewise
After all, our worst misfortunes never
happen, und moat miseries lie in anticipation.—Balzac.
Sorrows ure visitors that come without invitation, but complaining minds
send a wagon to bring their troubles
home in by the load. Many peoplo are
born crying, live complaining aad die
disappointed. They chew the bitter pill
which they would not even know to be
bitter if only they had the senso to
swallow it whole in a cupful of patience and nice, pure water.—Charles H.
Aa there Ib bo social sensoriam, it results that the welfare of the aggregate,
considered apart from that of the units,
is not an end to be sought. Tho society
exists for the benefit of its members;
not its members for tbe benefit of the
society. It has ever to be remembered
that, great as may be tho efforts made
for the prosperity of the body politic,
yet the claims of the body politic are
nothing in themselves and become something only in bo far aa they embody
the claims of its component individuals.
—Herbert Spencer.
[-———. [By W. M. C] ■■
The British Shipping federation is
Btill at the trough—in fact, in it with
all four feet. Far from being satisfied
with gouging British objects, in truly
ompire-ical and liberal (or rather libertine) spirit, they are also taking a
swipe at the "allies." The Lavero of
of Rome, plaintively remarks that five-
eighths of the price of coal in Italy is
freight. A ship trading betwoen Cnr-
diff and Genoa earns 300 per cent., although she goes one way in ballast.
Twenty-seven per cent, of the price of
bread is freight. And, as previously
remarked "Britannia rules the waves,"
and the "bottoms" are British, also
the profits. To be sure, the government
ia taking excess profits over 6 per cent.,
by 50 per cent.; but the B. S. F. aforementioned hire managerial brains for
patriotic—and other purposes. For example, when the Finance act was accomplished, some 200 odd ships wero
promptly transferred to foreign ownership to escape taxation; but, being a
trifle raw, and lacking the necessary
finesse of frenzied finance, thia was
stopped by the government. Here enters the brains. A confrere abroad
charters tho steamer at a price which
will give 0 per cent., thus escaping the
excess profits tax; and the surplus ia
quietly divided, Of course, all cannot
escape, otherwise tho excess profits tax
would havo no field of action, a contingency to bo carefully avoided. Here ia
how brains earned its salary, as explained in tho Times of January 20:
"Aa indicating the largo profita now
being mado by owners the caao of tho
British steamer Elmoor muy be given;
Sho belongs to the Moor Hue, of which
Messrs. Runcimun arc managers. Young
Runcimnn ia president of the bourd of
trade, tvhich is tho department of Btate
in control of shipping. This is by the
Her , present value is £35,280.
She has just been chartered to Italians
for 12 months at 30 shillings per ton,
or £109,728, Running expenses amount
to £13,800 per annum, leaving a yield
of £94,248, allowing £1680 for depreciation, Assuming that the average profit
before the war wbb £5000 per annum,
the excess proflt would be £89,248."
Which is very modornte, taking all
things into account. Can any sensible
person blame Young Runcimun for declaring that national ownership of
shipping would not bo a good thing!
t :■'."#'.       t
• Lord NortheliflVs scheme for ttio
limitation, (or elimination, he'a not
quite clenr on the matter) of tho Shipping Federation's profit is a gem of
"brightost ray serene." He would run
tho ships, for the period of the war, at
thc risk of the state, under control of
an expert committee of ahippera, the
profits to be set aBide to form a-fund
from which shipbuilders may borrow,
after the war, without interost. Still
somo people claim thia la a decadent
And Mr. Lloyd George, the minister
of admonitions, has been confiding to an
Italian newspaper man that it might
have been more satisfactory for the
successful prosecution of the war had
tho mercantile marine, like the railways,
been taken over by the state on that
memorable day in August, 1014.    Lai
la! let's all kneel at the penitent's
bench, and conduct "business us
usual," Thero will be some very dirty
linen to wash by the imperial washerwoman when this war ;s over; und if
certain irresponsible politicians posing
us statesmen get their just deserts they
will be in sack cloth und ashes for the
remainder of their dayB. Much has
been written in the preaa about the
faithlessness of Greece towards Serbia,
and it's ingratitude towards Britain;
but a recent debate in tho house of
commons threw an entirely different
light on the matter. The question under diacussiou was the Dardanelles
tragody, Mr. Outhwaite, M. P. for Han-
ley, desiring to know who wus roBpoiiBi*
ble for Britiah diplomacy in the near
oaat, seeing that the tragedy was largo-
ly blamed to the failure of diplomacy.
It transpired that the Dardanelles operations were undertaken for the satisfaction of RusBin, aa thero wus u feeling there, chiefly fanned by pro-Germans, that Britain was not' doing her
ahare. Greece offered to take part in
the operutions; but while Franco and
Britain were amenable, Russia demurred, as she hnd set herself to the conquest of Constantinople, and, for historical reasons, was somewhat jealous of
Grecian participation, Aa the prime
minister of Greece put it, "Wo wero
free to shed our blood in the attempt
to force the DnrdnnellcsJ but we wero
warned that on no account wero we to
dream of marching to Constantinople in
tho event of an allied success. In fnct;
it was expressly forbidden, in tho event
of your success, for the GreekB to show
their national flag within fifty miles
of tho ancient Byzantine capital." And
again, "You have bullied us; we havo
simply turned the other cheek, meekly
and uncomplainingly. Wo honestly
Bought to aid you, and proffered you
aid—which you rejected." Thia allows
Greece in quite another light thnn that
of the colored press reports. It also
transpired during the debnte thut that
eternal busybody and neur-Bocinliat,
Lloyd George, when ministor of finunce,
hud beon doing some private diplomacy
on his own hook, over the head of Sir
E. Grey, but wns ignored by thc Gre-
cinn premier na not be\ng me proper responsible person. As Mr. Outhwaite put
it, "It is a very serious matter when
we find negotiations going on, not
through the foreign office, but through
another office altogether. A groat responsibility is going to attach to some
peoplo in tho future ub regards the Dardanelles tragedy, nnd we want all tho
light we can today upon tnat question,
because high-placed individuals and
their reputations aro at stake."
And in yet another mntter haa Lloyd
George failed to show himself as possessing sufficient' honesty and integrity
to conduct even a pea-nut atand in thc
wilds of Borneo. This is in regard to
tho suppression of an I. L. P. organ, tbe
Glasgow Forwnrd. It will be remembered that Lloyd George recently addressed the Clyde munition workers,
and, as he had no reason to expect a
very hearty welcome, the press bureau
issued the following intimation: "Mr.
Lloyd George will address meetings at
Glasgow, and it is particularly requested that no report other than the official
version of hia speech should be published." The Forward did not receivo
thiB intimation, and published an exact
report of the happenings at the meeting; whereat tho minister of nd-moni-
tiona waxed wroth, and hnd the screws
applied himself, utterly over-riding the
jurisdiction of the law courts. However, tbe papor has been allowed to resume publication on the following
terms: That it will publish nothing (1)
Prejudicing the military interests or
the safoty of the country; (2) Interfering with the production or Bupply of
munitions of wur; (3) Causing disaffection with the munitions of wnr acta, or
with the policy of the dilution of labor.
The editor wisely swallowed the pill.
What a team Lloyd George and Dick
McBride would make—with Bowser as
Seattle Meeting of Delegates Will Consider a New Minimum Wage Scale.
A bulletin from tho Seattle headquarters of the International Shingle Weavers' union states that a convention of
the organization will open in Seattlo on
Monday, April 3. The meeting will
take uction on a minimum wago scale
and other important mattera. The bulletin statea that many Washington shingle mills nro still idle owing to inability
to secure raw materials or cars for ship,
ments. With the logging camps now resuming operations und the release of
"empties" now sidetracked in Montana on account of storm conditions, it
is expected that conditions will quickly
Westminster Trust Co.
Head Office: New Westminster, B.C.
Managing Director   Secratary-Treasurer
Houses, Bungalows, Stores and modem suites for rent at a big reduction. Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at $2.50 up. Wills drawn up free
of charge. Doposlts accepted and Interest at Four per cent, allowed on
dally balances.
In annual convention in January, Exec
utlvo officers, 1918-17: President, Jaa. H. McVoty; vice-presidents — Vancouver, J.
Brookes, E. Morrison; Victoria, O. Siverts;
New Westminster, W. Yatos; Prince Rupert,
\V. E. Donning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; District 28. U. M. W. of A. (Vancouver Island),
W. Head: District 18, U. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Nest Valley), A, J. Carter; secretary-iroasurer, A. S. Wells, F. O. Box 1688,
Victoria, B. O.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—Meots flret and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Oovernment Btreet, at 8
p. m. President, A. S. Wells; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 302, Victoria, B, C.
of America, local 784, New Westminster
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson. Box 496.
Jirat and third Thursdays, Executive
hoard: James It. McVety, president; R. P.
Pettlpleoe, vice-president; Miss Helena Out*
terldge, general secretary, 210 Labor Temple;
Fred Knowlos, treasurer; W. H. Cotterill,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A.
J, Crawford, Jas. Campbell, j, Brookes, true-
ALUED   PRINTINO   TRADES    COUNCIL.—Meeta   aecond   Monday  in  tht
montb.   President, H. J. Bothel; seeretary,
R. H. Neelands, P. O, Box 86.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 678.—Offlce,
Room 208 Labor Templo. Moots flrat
Sunday of each montb. Presidont, Jamea
Campbell; financial socretary, H. Pavis, Box
424; phono, Sey. 4762; recording secretary,
Wm. MotUshaw, _____ Hotel, Main atreet.
—Meeta every 1st and Srd Ttiendav,
8 p.m., Boom 807. Presidont H. P. Wand;
corresponding secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
63; flnanclal secretary, W. J, Pipes; business
agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 215.
Bricklayers—H. Wand, W. Pipes, W. Dagnall.
Harbors—S. H. Grant, J. P. Farris.
Bartenders—H. Davis, W. Laurie, W. MotUshaw, G. Kelly, J. Smith.
Bonkkbinders—V. Mansell, F. Napier.
Brewery Workers—A. Myles, J. Sykes, J.
Civic EmployeoB—J. Sully, G. Kilpatrick, F.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—A, Graham, W.
Carpenters, No, 617—James Campbell, Geo.
Electrical Workers—B. H. Morrison, E. L.
Estinghausen, R. N. Elgar.
Garment Workers—
Horse Shoers—
Deep Sea Fishermen—Russell Kearley.
Letter Carriers—Fred Knowles, R, Wight, J.
Dodd, R. Kirkwood, A. Cook.
Longshoremen—F. Williams, D, Sinclair.
Machinists—,1. Brooks, J. H. McVety, A. R.
Milk Wagon Drivers—A. H. Porter, C. Borden, Geo. Anderson.
Moving Picture Operators—
Printing Pressmen—J. J. Bothers, Thomas
Plumbers—.1, Cowling.
Pattern Makers—R. McDougall, H. S. Night-
Painters and Decorators—W. J. Nagle.
Printing Pressmen's Assistants—
Pilo Drivers and Wooden Brldgomen—
Street Railway Employees—F. Haigh. F. A.
Hoover, W. H. Cottrell, W. E. Beattie, ,T.
Anton, H. Witltngton, A. Lofting, R.
Stone Cutters—J. Downle.
Sheet Metal Workers—A. J. Crawford.
Stauo Employees—A. M. Harrington, G. 0.
Sailors—W. F. Burns.
Tailors—Dan Leigh, C. McDonald, Helena
Typographical—R. P. Pettlplece, W. R. Trotter. J. E. Wilton. H. L. Corey, J. R. Mel-
nom,  Geo. Bartley.
Tile Layers—F. Rlnglo, R. Neville.
Decrease of 100,000 Since Outbreak of
War Is Reported.
Thc provincial health board has filed
a roport which states that tho population of British Columbia has decroased
approximately 25 por cent, since thc
outbreuk of the war. Thc actual reduction is placed at 100,000. The general
depression prevailing throughout thc
provinco is said to have been responsible for 50,000 people removing from its
bounds, while tho cessation of ruilway
uctivity led to a further reduction of
fully 20,000. War conditions account
for the remaining 1)0,000, covering men
who havo enlisted or gone to the front,
munition workors whohuve gone-to tho
Old Country, etc.
Kootenay Miners Drifting Back.
Mr, C, H. Towns, one-time secretary of Hedloy Miners' union, some
years ngo an employee at Phoenix, and
latterly working at Taeoma smelter, hus
returned to, his old love—British Columbia. He paid a visit to the Britannia
mines, Howe Bound, but, as he ucknow.
lodged that he had alwaya worked in
union cumps, the company "dctocs" at
tho wharf lot him no further, no union
man being permitted to work for this
"open-shop" layout, Mr. Towns left
for Van Anda during tho week and will
drift north. As an old prospector and
one interested in mining tie thinks that
things aro about to pick up in that line
—and the lure of the "IuIIb" did tho
Aak for Labor Tsmple  'Ffaoni Bxebuge,
Seymour ,7106   (unless  othirwlw iUUd).
Cooks. Walters, Waitresses—Room 804;
Andy Graham,
Electrical Workera (outside)—B. H. Morrison. Room 207.    Sey, 351b.
Engineers (steam)—Room 216; E. Prendergaat.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue, Offlce phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L,
Longshoremen's Association—Thomas -Nixon,
10 Powell street; phone Sey, 6869.
Musicians—H, J, Brasfleld, Room 806,
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 318 Hastings atreet
wost.     Sey,   6708.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phono Exchange
Seymour 6000,
Typographical—R. H, Neelands, Room 300.
U. B. W. of A.—Moots flrst and third Monday of each month, Room 802, Labor Temple,
8 p.m. President, Chas. A. Thomas; secretary, Chas, G. Austin, 732 Seventh avenue
and Iron,Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—Meets
flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m. President,
A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth avenue west;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe streot.
PACIFIC—Meets at 437 Gore avenue every
Tuesday, 7 p.m. Russell Kearley, business
meets room 206, Labor Temple, even
Monday, 6 p.m. President, D. W, McDougall,
1162 Powell streot; recording secretary,
R. N, Elgar, Labor Temple; flnanclal seoretary and  business  agent,   E.  11,  Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.    	
Laborers' union, No. 66—Meets flrst and
third Friday of each month, Labor Tomple.
President, E. O. Appleby; socretary, George
Harrison; business agent, John Sully, room
220, Labor Temple. All laborera Invited to
SOCIATION, Local 8S52. Offlee, Association hall, 10 Powell street. Meets every
Sunday, 2:80 p.m. Thomas Nixon, eecretary.
and fourth Fridays at 8 p.m. President,
J. Mclvor; recording secretary, J, Brookes;
financial secretary, J. H. McVety.	
8. E. & M. P. M. O.—Meets flrst Sunday of
eaoh montb, Room 204, Labor Temple.
President, W. E. McCartney; Business
Agent, E. J. Huttlemayer; Financial and Cor*
responding Secretary, H. C. Roddan, P. O.
Box 846.
AMERICA—Vancouver and vicinity.
Branch meets 1st and Srd Fridays at Labor
Temple, Room 205. H. Nlghtscalei, president, 276 Fifty-sixth avenue east; Jos. G.
Lyon, flnanclal secretary, 1721 Grant street;
J. Campbell, recording secretary, 4860 Argyle
Britlah Columbia.
Cranbrook Trades and Labor Council—Secretary, F. McKenna, Watt avenue,
Nelson TradeB and Labor Council—F. Peieril,
Box 674.
New Westminster Trades and Labor ouncil—
B. D. Grant, Box 984.
Prince Rupert Trades and Labor Couneil—
W. E. Thompson, Box 694.
Revelstoke Trades and Labor Council—Phil
Parker, Box 468.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—Miss
Helena Gutteridgo, Room 210, Labor Temple,
Victoria Tradea and Labor Council—Frank
Holdrldge, Box 802,
Calgary Trades  and  Labor Council—J.    E.
Young, Box 1404.
Edmonton   Trades   and   Labor   Council—A,
Farmilo, Box 1403.
Lethbridge   Trades   and   Labor  Council—H.
Morris, 226—14th streot north.
Medicine Hat Trades and Labor Council,—
W. Burgess, 690—4th avenue N. E.
Moose Jaw Trades and Labor Counoll—R
H..Chadwick. Box 588.
Prlnco -Albert Trades and Labor Council—H.
D. Davis. 576—5th St. S.'
Reglna Trades and  Labor Council—C.    W.
Walker, Labor Temple, Ash street.
Saskatoon Trades and Labor Council—J. D.
Wallace,  212—31st St. W.
Brandon Trades and Labor Counoll—W. Busby, 240 Frederick St.
Transcona Trades and Labor Council—John
Weir, Box 617.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council—R. A
Rigg, M. P. P., Room 14, Labor Temple,
Berlin Tradea and Labor Council—IT. Strub,
Weber Apartments, Young St.
Brantford Trades and Labor Council—H. J.
Symons, 115 Cayuga St.
Fort William Trades and Labor Council—8.
P. Spoed, 610 N. Hrodle St.
Gait Trades and Labor Council—A. L. Philp.
53 Centre St.   •■
Guelph    Trades   and Labor Council—Thos,
Hall, 60 Kathleen street.
Hamilton Trades and Labor Council—W. R.
Rollo,  Box   823.
Kingston Trades and Labor Couneil—W. J.
Drlucoll, 112 Lower Begot streot.
London Trades  and   Labor Council—Joseph
Hill, Linwond street, K'nnllwond Park.
Niagara Falls Trades and Labor Council—D.
Wagner, 019 Ferry street.
Ottawa Allied Trados and Labor Association
—W.  Lodge,  Box 61.
Port Arthur Trades and Labor Council—A.
F.   Mancbeo,   116  Jean   St.
Peterborough Tradea and Labor Council—W.
M. Stevens, Box 928.
Sault Ste Mario and Steelton Tradea Council—Wm. Gregory, East End P. O., Bault
Ste. Marie.
South Waterloo Trades Council—A. L. Philp,
58 Contra street. Gait.
St. Catherines Trados and Labor Council—
Leo. T. Coyle, 208 St. Paul street.
St.   Thomas. Trades  and  Labor Council—A.
R. Robertson,  124 Redan street.
Toronto     District     Labor  Council—T.     A.
Stevenson, 24 Haielwood avenue.
Welland   Trades   and   Labor   Council—W.
Powrle,  Box 23.
Windsor Trades and Labor Council—Harold
Clarke, 04 Howard avenue.
Montreal Trades  and    Labor    Council—G.
Franca, 2 St. Paul street.
Quebec   and   Levis   Trades   Council—Joseph
Gmivin, 74 Scott street.
Shcrbrooke    Trades     and  Labor   Council—
Chas, Piini-Tiii.ro, 100 King St,
St, Jean Trades nnd Labor Council—George
Threo Rivers  Trades  Council—O.  Lopointe,
44 St, Phlllippe.
New Brunswick.
Moncton  Trados  and Labor  Council—Chas.
H. Cameron, 105 Bonnacord streot.
St.   John TradoB  and Labor   Council—John
Koinp, 320 Main street.
Nora Scotia.
Amherst Trades and Labor Council—Thos.
Carr, Box 081. >
Halifax  Trades  and Labor Council—Robert
Miller, 57 Almon street.
Plctou County Trades and Labor Council—
Alex,  M. Ferguson, Box  080,   New  Glasgow, N. S.
Sydnoy Trados and Labor Council—J. A. Mclntyre, 80 Louisa street.
UNION, No. 69—Meets second Tuesday, 8
p.m., Room 204. Preaident, W. Boll, 2220
Vino street; secretary-treasurer, E. Waterman, 1167 Georgia street; recording secre-
tary, W. Shannon, 1739—28th avenne east.
Street and electric railway employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:30 and 8 p.m. President, W.
H. Cotterill; recording secretary, Jas, E, Griffin, 166 Twenty-flfth avenue east; financial
secretary   and    business    agent,    Fred    A,
Hoover, 2400 Clark drive.	
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
held flrst Tuesday in each month, 8 p.m.
President, Francis Williams; vlco-president,
Miss H. Gutteridge; recording sec, C. McDonald, Box 508; financial secretary, K.
Paterson, P. O. Box 603.
TYPOGRAPHICAL     UNION,     NO.     330—
Meett latt Sunday of eaeh month at I
p.m.   Preildent, R, Parm. Pettlplece; vlee-
Sreeldent, W. 8. Metsger; secretary-treasurer
;. H. Neelands. P. O. Rox 68.
Dlreetors: R, p. Pettipiece, James
Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wllby, W. J.
Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free, Miss Helena
Gutteridge, J, Byron. Managing dlreotor;
Jaa. H. MoVety, room 211, Labor Temple,
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA—Meets In convention September of
each year, Executive board: Jaa. 0. Watters,
president; vice-president, A. Watchman, Victoria, B, C.; secretary-treasurer, P, M. Draper, Drawer 515, Ottawa, Ont.
Coal mining rlghta of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of tbe Provlnee of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
yeara at an annual rental of 91 an acre. Not
more than 2,660 acrea will be leased to one
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district In which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and In unsurveyod territory the
tract applied for ahall be staked by the applicant himself.
Each application mast be accompanied by
• foe of 15, whioh will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available but not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid oo the
merchantable output of the mine at tho rate
of five centa per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish the Agent with sworn returna accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
such returni should be furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will Include the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate or 110 an aere.
For full Information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80600
_    Of America rQ>r
COPmitHT STMOt HAWK WtltTtfllO 1003
Vote against prohibition! Demand personal liberty In choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beor,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that lt Ib Union Made. This la our Label
This Beer is
'The Beer Without a Peer"
differs from ordinary beer
in all the prime essentials
of quality.
Every bottle is brimful of
the nourishing elements
derived from large plump
malt berries — its fragrance of aroma and delici-
ousness of flavor is due to
the exclusive use of the
best B. C. hops.
Your dealer has CASCADE. Phone him TODAY sure, for a trial case.
6 PINTS for 50c
3 QUARTS for...50c
Brewed from the finest Malt and Hops
by Union Labor.
Victoria Phoenix Brewing
Company, Limited
And on sale at all Liquor Stores in
is good for all men; total abstinence is a matter of expediency for some
men. Tbe total abstainer has no more right to compel the temperate
man to abstain by force of law, than the temperate man has to compel
tho abstainer to drink what' ho neither likes or chooses by force of law.
Beer is the temperate man's drink; it's a food.   Ask your dealer for our
Qooil for one year's subscription to The B.
„   _    rfiK.vwk     jmm   .   «*****«*-**.*«--<*«   0.  Federatlonist,  will  be mailed  to  nny  nil-
1ACTTU    rARim dr<"" ln Canada for $10.    (Oood anywhere
IU  JU JJ« V^-TlXXJ^vJ  outside of  Vancouvor city.)    Ordor ton today.    Hem it whon sold.
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
Dominion Publications Are
Thoroughly Discussing
the Issue
The Toronto Labor Council
Takes Stand for Personal Liberty
Tho correspondent of local 281, In*
ternational Union of Brewery Workers,
reports that considerable attention is
being given by the press throughout
Canada to the "wot or dry" campaign
which has become sucti a prominent is.
sue at many points of late.
The Toronto press reports the pass-
nee of tho following resolution by the
District Labor council of that city:
"Whereas, organized efforts are be*
ing made throughout the province of
Ontario to bring about provincial prohibition of the sale of malt, spirituous
and vinuous beverages; and,
'' Whereas, the success of such efforts
would cause thousands of our fellow
trades unionists to be thrown out of employment, thus adding to the unemployment now prevailing among the working people; and,
"Whereas, we believe in the British
principle of personal liberty in its
broadest applications, as long aa the exercise of that liborty is witain keeping
with law and order and good government; and,
"WhereaB, that prohibition breeds
dives and joints where an illegitimate
traffic in alcoholic beverages is carried
on in violation of the law, resulting
not only in 'the government being deprived of any revenue to which it iB
justly entitled, but, in addition thereto,
creating a demoralizing effect and contempt of all law; therefore, be it
'' Resolved, that' the Toronto District
Labor couucil in session assembled
hereby declares itself opposed to measures in any form prohibiting the legitimate sale of alcoholic beverages; but in
so declaring our opposition to the doctrine of prohibition, we wish it clearly
understood that we favor the supervision and control through the proper of*
cials of all hotels and all placos where
alcoholic beverages are sold and dispensed; and be it further
"Resolved, that in the adoption of
.thiB resolution we demand, complete recognition of the just demands of labor
employed in the manufacture, Bale and
distribution of alcoholic beverages, as
expressed through their various organizations affiliated with the Toronto District Labor council; nnd be it furthor
' '' Resolved, that the Toronto District
Labor council in regular meeting assembled, is opposed to the enactment
of prohibitory legislation of the liquor
traffic in tbe province of Ontario, believing thut the system of strict license
regulation is in the best interest of all
Working of Saskatchewan Act.
In noting the lirst report of Commissioner Bole, in charge of the Saskatchewan dispensary system under the
"dry" law now prevailing in that province, press despatches from Rcgiua indicate that tbe act has not' worked out
as its promoters thought it would; that,
contrary to expectation^ the act has
not resulted in an increased consumption of beer and a corresponding do
crease iu the use of spirits and that it
is possible another referendum on the
subject may shortly be placed before
the electors. This press despatch reads,
in part, as follows:
'■The Scott government adopted the
system after wide discussion lust year.
It was a compromise measure between
the conflicting elements involved. In
spite of tho financial success ns a business measuro, the plan, after six months
trial, is not uccepted as an entirely popular measure, not that the people of
this progressive province would return
to the high license system, but the operation of the system has not worked
just as its supporters thought it would
aside from moral considerations.
More Spirits, Less Beer.
' Tho opponents of the license Bystem
clnimed that government monopoly
would decrease tho consumption of
whisky and increase that of beer. Many
temperance ndvocates favored the system on this basis as a compromise measure. Six months' test has proven that
this theory is false, ot at least it did
riot work out that way iu Saskatchewan. It was tho roverse, for the consumption of beer hns substantially decreased and that of whisky increased.
Just why, neither the supporters nor opponents seem to understand, but the
records of sales tell the story. Now it
is said that the etctors mny soon have
n chance to vote on a referendum thnt
wiil abolish ull sales of spirits and per-
Trades and Lahor Council.
March IS, 1891.
President Joseph Dixon presided at
the regular meeting of the council.,
B, Leonard appointed on finance committee, vice F. Curry resigned.
Employment of Chinese in a number
of industries discussed.
Harry Brooks and F. Davenport, delegates of longshoremen, reported re proposed withdrawal of that union from
Trades and'Labor council.
mit a license for beer and wines or they
may vote on total prohibition.
"The record shows that in six
months of 1915, 4033 gallons of beer
was sold as against 17t2(J7 gallons for
the same months in 1914 under license
operations, but in 1915 the dispensary
sold 37,885 gallons of spirits as compared with only 22,889 gallons of Bpirits
under license in the same months of
Correspondent Says Meeting Shows Organization Is Not "Shot to Rags."
A Fernie sorrespondent Bends The
Federationist some detailed items concerning the convention of the Crow's
Nest mine workers, which were not
covered by the report of the meeting
published last week.
Tho question of reviving the District
Lodger will be the subject of a referendum vote on March lli, the publication
to be authorized on a two-thirds favorable vote. The action provides that
every mepiber must pay 10 cents per
month to the Ledger fund, which covers
a subscription.
The preamble of the organization,was
amended by eliminating the clause
pledging the members to support the
Socialist Party of Canada, it being
shown that the clause was unconstitutional. The constitution was amended
to include a clause directing district
officials to take up economic questions
when visiting locals or at public meetings and thus keep to the front the
claim of workers, "to be entitled to the
full social value of our product."
The convention approved strongly of
the passage of compensation acts by
both thc British Columbia and Alberta
authorities, and advised that locals be
represented at conventions of the
Trndes and Labor Congress, R. Livett
of Bollevue, waB appointed as representative to the meeting of District 8,
Western Federation of Miners.
The Federationist correspondent
closes by saying that although Parker
Williams says the Crow's Nest miners"
organization was all "shot to rags,"
the recent convention has shown conclusively that there is still a live, active
and healthy organization in the field.
put up in
pint bottles
Factory: 1366-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 285
Est. 190-1 Vaneoaver, B. C.
Report on Local Shipping Conditions-
New TJ. S. Regulations in Force.
The thirty-first anniversary of the or
ganization of the Sailors' union of tbe
Pacific coast was celebrated at San
Francisco last Monday by a great gathering at which Mayor Kolph was present, aiid in which representatives of all
branches of labor activity took part.
Representatives of the Vancouver
local of the Sailors' union state that
shipping conditions nt this port are at
present fairly good. There is, however,
a scarcity of mea just ut this time.
On last Saturday a new United States
regulation went into force with reference to shipping, which npplies to all
foreign vessels of 100 tons gross and
upwards (except fishing and whaling
vessels, yachts or vessels operating on
riverB or inland lakes exclusively) departing from any U. 8. port. This con-
sifts in the application of section 13
of the U. S. Sailors' act to vessels of
the class and provides that after the
lirst year 40 por cent.; after Becond
year, 45 per cent, and through succeeding years to 65 per cent, for the fifth
year, of tho deck crew, exclusive of
licensed officers and apprentices, must
have the rating of able seamen. Provision is made for'A. B. certificates issued
by competent foreign authorities being
recognized on such vessels. The Coast
Seamen's Journal suys it remains to be
seen how far tho United States officials
will actually enforce the new rule on
foreign shipping.
Federal Figures for January Show Increase in Hilled and Injured.
There were recordod by the federal
department of lnbor us having occurred during the month of January 4(1
fatal und 289 non-fatal industrial accidents. As a result of these accidents,
75 work people were killed and 316
injured in the course of thoir employment. The record for December was 55
work people killed and 2118 injured,
while the record for January, 1915, was
34 killed nnd Kill injured. It will be
seen on comparing tlie January record
willi thnt for December that there were
20 more killed and 47 moro injured in
January than in the previous month,
while thoro were 42 moro killed nnd 149
moro Injured than in January, IJU3,
Vancouver Branch to Submit Many; Important
Attractive    Entertainment
Programme Outlined
for Visitors
At the meeting of branch 12 of the
Letter Carriers' union, held last Friday
night, preliminary action waB taken
with reference to the Dominion convention of the organization, which will
bo held in Vancouver on August' 17, and
will be one of the most important gatherings to be held in the city this year.
Among the subjects which Branch 12
will present to the convention for action, will be the very important question of the bringing together all the
civil servants of the Dominion in one
organization. Other subjects, covering
the postal field in particular, which the
Vancouver branch will submit are the
change of the union constitution to
moet new conditions, the provision of
different uniforms and matters pertaining to transport facilities. '
Attractive Entertainment .Programme.
The next meeting of the branch,
which will be held on April 7, will be
the last meeting at which matters can
be outlined for consideration at thei
convention. Members having subjects
which are deemed worthy of consideration at the gathering should submit the
questions in writing to the secretary of
the branch before that date.
That the convention will have an attractive entertainment programme for
the visiting delegates is already assured, the Victoria and New Westminster
boys having promised to assist the Van.
couver branch in this field of convention activity. A great banquet of the
united forces of the carriers will be the
principal feature of the entertainment
programme, and the Victoria branch
will co-operate in -giving the visiting
delegates a week-end trip to their home
city, and the New Westminster boys
will see that the delegates see all thut
is to be seen at the city on the Fraser
where lacrosse champions are made. A
moonlight trip up the inlet forms another attractive feature of the programme.
No Change in Meeting Night
The meeting of branch 12 was well
attended, and keen interest was taken
in the discussions on subjects of importance to. the membership. Two new
memberB were initiated. The referendum as to the time for holding meetings resulted by a large majority in
the decision to make no change.
The Federationist correspondent
closes his report of the meeting with
the trite saying: "If you want anything dono to your own satisfaction,
you must do it yourself," and asks
that all members of Branch 12 take tbis
thought to heart and make an effort to
turn up at all meetings, thus helping
us individuals to bear their share of tho
burdens and work of the organization.
Enjoyable  Social  Evening  Given   ln
Labor Temple Last Week.
A vory enjoyable smoker was given
under tho auspices of tho Vancouver
local of the Railway Carmen in the Labor Temple last Friday night, a largo
number of the members of tho organization and their friends being present.
The locul provided v. programme which
was varied and furnished entertainment
for all, tho following taking part in the
programme: Orchestra, MeBBrs. E. Penn,
T. Clayton und i, Tcccheu; instrumental numbers on banjo, muudoliii and au-
tolinrp, Messrs. A. B, ltcilly, H, Stewart and W. W, Gndon; vocal numbers,
Messrs. J. Konncdy, R, Weaker and S.
Macrae; elocutionary numbers, Messrs.
W. 8, Robertson nnd C. Islip.
Half Holiday Legislation.
Legislation in favor of it weekly half-
holiday would be supported by tho retail inerehnnts of Vnncouver, according
to the statement of Mr. T. J. Corloy,
secretary of the merchants' organization. Thero is snid to bc a general
agreement that Saturday is the best
day, but if a Saturday half-holiday law
be enacted, it is considered that a weekly payday measure should bo attached
to the act and that Friday be fixed as
the time for the payment of wages.
"Do His Bit" Or Do "Time."
Warning "deserters" that thoy |
would meet their just deserts if they'
CatUO before him, Magistrate Davidson,
Cnlgnry, on Tuesday sentenced Private
O. Black of thc Both battalion, charged
with absenting hiinHelf without leave,
to six months' imprisonment with hard
Proposal of State Commission to Better
Conditions Opposed By Employers,
The Oregon industrial welfaro commission recently decided in favor of a
regulation covering female labor which
reduced the maximum weekly working
hours from 54 to 48, nnd advanced the
minimum weekly wage from $8.25 to
$8.64. The legislation under which the
commission acts would make the regulation binding throughout Oregon without further procedure. The preliminary
announcement of the commission's decision resulted in a conference of large
employers of female labor convening in
Portland and presenting a vigorous protest against the proposed regulation.
They objected strongly to the reduction
of the minimum weekly hours, saying
that on such a basis Oregon factories
could not successfully meet competitive
prices for thoir output. The welfare
commission has now laid the matter
over for discussion at a conference of
the employers and employees.
"Relief" Meals at Chinese Joints.
Aid. Woodside has called the attention of tho Vancouver relief authorities to the fact that relief meal tickets
nro being cashed in nt Chinese rcstnur-
ants, and asked the relief officer to tnke
steps to provont tho continuance of
such conditions.
REAL SHOE ECONOMY ii provided when tbe
actually withstand every demand made upon them
over a fixed period of time. The only land which give
service are those which are HONESTLY built of HONEST
leather by experienced manufacturers.
Tbe reason for the success of LECKIE SHOES ia because
these essentials exist in LECKIE SHOES—there ia absolutely
no "experiment"
Some shoes are made merely to sell at a low price. They may
look as good as a LECKIE. But LECKIE SHOES are made
will be worn long after the other kind is forgotten.
That's real shoe economy—the only kind you can afford.
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no matter what tta name, unleu tt bain a
Plata and readable Impression or this stamp..
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union. r
IM Bummer Street, Boetoa, Uses.
J T. Tobln, Pres.   C. L. Blaine, Bec-Treee
Lifo ia too short to take chances. !.<>-
grets do not bring back lost legs, arms
or eyes.
Now rr-nil)- fur innilint!
frou on application. Si-ml
in yonr namo and- ad-in*-*..
Thu t-milily of tlm Ni-i-rts
and plants wo carry ir.
Ntock is unsurpassed, Full
doiorlptlvo directions for
all flowers and vegetable)!.
Start your garden right by
buying Ritchie's Seeds.
Oet oar Special Offors on
and Oold Modal Sweet
our Famous Irish   Roses
=====   VANCOUVEB, B.O.
Mr. Skilled Workman,
meet my Skilled Specialists
Your teeth, when they need care, will be better looked after in,my
office, beoause of tbe high-claaa of tbe special equipment installed for the
work—no finer or more complete modern dental offlce anywhere.
Then, too, I have a staff of highly trained specialists in each depart*
ment of my laboratory. They, like you, hold their positions by reason
of their special training and skill. I take care tbat X have none but men
of exceptional ability on my staff. Come in and look tbem over and at'
the same time let us look your teeth over.
No man should let more than six'months go without a visit to his den*
tist, to have bis teeth carefully inspected. Let' me be your dentist. It
costs you nothing to consult me and have a complete examination of your
teeth.  All dental work is done at extremely moderate prices in my offlce.
Offlce open evenings, Tuesdays tnd Saturdays.
These are my prices for the highest class dentistry and guaranteed
prinless methods:
Oold Crowns, euch $4.00
Porcelain fillings, each ....$1.00
Porcelain crowns, each $1.00
Amalgam fillings, each $1.00
Full upper or lower plates,
each $6.00
Expression plates; the very
best, per snt $10.00
Bridge work, per tooth....$4.00
Painless extraction    60c
Repairing plates    60c
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown end Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St., W.
Cor, Seymour St.
Phone Seymour 3331
Ten Fed. Sub. Cards for $10
Refined Service
One   Ulock   weRt   of  Court   Hou...
Un. of  Moderr* Chapel  .nil
Funeral  Parlori  free  to all
Telephone Seymour 2428
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
10.14 Granville St., Phone Bey. 8411.
North Vancouver — Office and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. Well, Phon.
may have been based on logic, but it
left out of account the human factor.
In the affairs of individuals, companies
and even nations, the old doctrine of a
good word or a good deed was never
more evident than at present.
That is why
public utility companies are adopting
the principle of SERVICE, because
they sincerely believe the time for cold
unsympathetic business is past.
The B. C. Electric's aim is to serve the
public—to make life for each person depending upon it for light, power or
transportation just a little bit brighter.
It is for them alone that the B. C. Electric exists.
Carrall and Hastings Streets
1138 Granville St. Near Davie
Phone Seymour 5000 PAGE FOUR
n MEN n
for $1.00 pair
One you can depend on—its well cut, made of good
material, strongly sewn and with bib and pockets.
You can pay $1.25 for overalls that are not as good
as these. All sizes, per pair $1.00
V „    J       . maaa*a+ana  ttra     hmmw i.w»iiig.iTwn timnwinw _~^_
Granville and Georgia Streets
Is Gold's best recommendation
Is Soap's best recommendation
Accept no substitute for any Boyal Crown products
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
(We keep British Columbia clean)
LUMP, PER TON, $7.50   PEA, PER TON, $5.00
NUT, PER TON, $6.50   SLACK, PER TON, 4.50
0. H. Mumm & Co., Champagne
"Johnny Walker," Kilmarnock Whisky
Old Smuggler Whiiky
Whyte ft Maekay, Whisky
William Teacher ft Sons, Highland Cream Whiiky
White Rook, Uthia Water
Dog's Head, Bass and Guinness
Carnegiea Swedish Porter
Lemp's Beer
O. Freller ft Co.'s Clarets, Sauternes and Burgan-
dies, eto., eto.
0§iIvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
Provincial Minister Advised
to Pay Close Attention   ,
to Examinations   )
Many Routine Matters Are
Considered at T. & L.
The question of the employment of
Orientals in the Island coal minea was
discussed at last meeting of the Vancouver Tradea and Labor council on
March 2. The subject waa introduced
by the reading of a wire from Hon.
Lome Campbell, stating that the report
us to 100 to 200 Japanese coming to
work in tho mines, concerning which
the council had entered a protest, waB
unfounded. The new minister of mines
stated that it was his intention to move
along the line of privy council decisions
and do all in hia power to have preference given to the employment of white
men in the minea.
It waa suggested that tho minister
could do much to carry out his ideas if
he would see that considerable more attention was given to tho enforcement
of the Coal Mines Regulation act in
connection with tho prescribed exami
nations. The strict enforcement of the
educational requirements of the act
would probably reduce the possible employment of Orientate in the mines to
a minimum. Tho secretary was instructed to write the minister to this effect.
Local War Contracts.
Tho award of war contracts to Vancouver Arms came up on the report of
the secretary to tho effect tnat the semi-
public committee considering methods
to secure new contracts for local firms
had held several meetings, but that tho
net result of the discussion waa practically nothing. Sho stated that she had
learned indirectly that Gault Bros., who
are alleged to employ Oriental labor,
were endeavoring to secure a war contract, and was instructed to inform the
local committee and. the Ottawa authorities of the facts of the case.
With referenco to the houra, wagea,
etc., of local firms having wnr contracts
the secretary said she could obtain no
'nformation, the aeeretary of the manufacturer ' association being only able to
give her a list of the firms' having contracts.
■* Delegate Hardy reported that on investigation, it was found that no Oriental were actually employed on the am.
munition box contracts given to the
Hanbury firm, although the company, in
common with all others in the vicinity,
employed Orientals largely in the preparation of the lumber, etc.
Unfair Printing Firms.
The Ottawa authorities wrote concerning the council's complaint as to
alleged conditions in Kamsny Broa.' fac
tory, stating that tho matter had been
referred to J. D. McNiven, the government's labor department representative
in this district.
Premier Bowser wrote stating that
the complaint "as to conditions in tailor
shops had been referred to the factories
inspector for report.
On the basis of a letter from the
Victoria Trades and Labor council, the
local unions of the longshoremen, boilermakers and structural iron workers
were advised as to the possibility of
their members being employed with
men in a manner whieh was contrary to
the spirit of international trades unionism.
A communication from the American
Federation of Labor stated that unfair
conditions existed in the printing shops
of the G. Merriam Co. at Springfield,
Mass., publishers of Webster's Dictionary, and B. B, Donnelly & Co., of Chicago, printers of the new edition of the
Encyclopaedia Britannica. President
McVety stated that the latter firm was
the concern which printed the catalogue
of Cope & Son, who were such vigorous
advocates of supporting home industries.
The* council confirmed President McVety as ita representative on the local
branch of the Canadian patriotic fund.
Beport of Forum Committee.
Delegate Wilton reported for the Forum committee, recommending tluit the
meetings be closed for the season. Fourteen sessions had been held and the attendance, although fair, was not aa good
as the prominence of the speakers and
tho importance of the subjects warranted. The attendance of trades union representatives was very small. The fin.
annul side of the project resulted in a
Delegate Hardy asked that' the unions
support tho efforts of the Milk Drivers'
union by seeing that the men delivering
milk to their homes wore the union
President McVety reported that he
waB taking up with the government a
complaint of the halibut fishermen on
account; of American bottoms engaged
in halibut fishing and operating from
Vancouver not being assessed for the
hospital fund. . One caso was now before the fishermen's union, in which liability of $200 for hospital bills would
havovto be considered.
Another matter which the president
had taken up in preliminary form was
the question of a Bix-day week for the
street railway men.
Labor Being Imported from Seattle.
Delegate Wilton said ho understood
thaf a large number of men had recently been brought over from Seattle to
work for the Comox Lumber Co. The
roport was sent to the executive for investigation and attention.
Delegate Bigby ^reported that the
ward three representative on the South
Vancouver council had voted for a reduction in the wage for aewer work,
after having promiaed to, favor the old
The parliamentary committee will
consider the advisability of the council
entering a protest agulnst the clause of
Vancouver street traffic regulation
which compels pedestrians to cross
streets only at intersections.
It was reported that the complaint
as to the Leland hotel being run along
"unfair" linea, had been satisfactorily
Western Canadian Firm Loses Work
Because of Unjust Trtaemtn.
Ottawa despatches state that the Dominion department of labor, acting with
tho imperial; munitions board, has cancelled the contract of a Western Canadian company for shell work. The action was taken because the firm was unwilling to treat its employees engaged
on tho contract in a manner deemed
just by the department of labor. The
report of the action was given to the
press in such a form as .to make it u
note of warning to other firms having
munition contracts as to tho attitude
of the authorities regarding proper
treatment of employoea vcarrying out
the work. -
A peculiar feature of the publicity on
the cancellation of the contract is tho
careful elimination in the published reports of the firm whose contract was
Flying Machines Are Now Being Constructed at a Factory on Front St.
The Hamilton Aeroplano Co., Ltd.,
has started operations at its factory on
Front street, on fivo aeroplanes which
will be used by the members of tho B.
C. Aviation school on the Terra Nova
flying grounds during the coming summer. One machine, a military single-
seated plane, is now about' two-thirds
completed, and work has been started
on the others. The factory iB under the
direction of Mr. T.'F. Hamilton. Should
tho war continue for a year or so, it is
expected that the factory will be called
upon for a considerable output' to meet
the demands of volunteers for the flying corps from Wostern Canada,
Comprehensive System of
Registration for Apprenl
The International Typi
union iB establishing a Bystem!
tration for apprentices in tm
fourth or fifth lear at the tri
foufth or fifth year at tho tn
cure the data necessary to inslatTt at
union headquarters. A complete record
of all boys completing two yeara at the
trado will thus be on file' at I. T. U.
offices from that time until the end of
their union careers.
Mr. J. T. O'Brien, of Evans & Hastings, Alex. McLean and M. (Jimmie)
McLean of the World, three members
of Vancouver Typographical union, are
leaving with the 62nd battalion, which
iB going overseas within a few days.
Mr. William AHinson is receiving the
congratulations of Mb friends over the
arrival of a daughter on Tuesday last.
The little lady and her mother are both
doing well.
San Francisco Typographical union
has endorsed a straight administration
ticket, nominating the following candidates for office in the International
Typographical union: President, Marsden M. Scott; flrst vice-president, Walter W. Barrett; socretary-trensurer, J.
W. HayBj dolegates to tho American
Federation of Labor convention, H. W.
Dennett, Max S. HaycB, T. W. McCulIough, Hugh Stevenson; trustees Union
Printers' Home, Malcolm A. Knock,
Thomas McCaffery, William Mounce;
ngent Union Printers' Home, Joe M.
Johnson; delegate to Trndes and Lnbor
Congress of Canada, Samuel Haddon.
A special referendum election will bo
held on Wedneaday, March 15, on the
propoaition to create an auditing board.
Owners of San Francisco Fleet Refuse
to Consider Agreement with Men.
The Son Francisco local of tho Deep
Sea Fishermen's union has called out on
strike all the cod flshermon working on
the fleet which makes that port thoir
headquartera, as the owners, have refused to consider a new working agreement for 1916. It is said to bo possible
that the Btrike may extend north and
affect tho cod fiishermen operating from
Seattle. The local representative of tho
union states that thero is practically
no cod fiBhing being done from British
Columbia ports at the present time.
Were Proper Efforts
Made to Search
for <)nward Ho?
(Continued from page 1)
Must Families of
Munition Workers
Ask for Charity?
(Continued from page 1)
like.    Fancy Christmas and a week off
and a pay of only 7 shilling**)-    The best
fiaid girls get only from IU to 17 uhil-
Ings, then they have to pay the Lloyd
Oeorge' fees, etc. One fellow who worka
In our shops earns 24 shillings per week
, and sometimes gets up to 30 shillings.
He Ib a good worker, and daren't say
boo, ns he might get fired. Nine and a
half pence is the highest wages we have
heard of a penny more an hour than we
are getting, but the difference is made
up in different ways, I have made careful enquiries, and And cases where some
get more on piece work, Dut those men
aro cutting -their own throats, as thoy
will ho expected to keep up the same
rate of work at the old rateB."
Hundred Hour Week.
The wife of this man says the $225
her husband has sent her in seven
months represents the results of his
working up to nearly iOO hours per
week at times.
Letters from another mechanic of exceptionally high-grade note the fact
that the men are not able to even work
full time, as is shown by the following
extract from a letter:
"We get overtime and on night work
we only get five shifts. Yet they are
.crying all the time for more munitions
with ma walking about from Saturday
morning until Monday night before again
Btartlng work. I could do with one more
shift anyway. I have asked for more
shifts, but can't get them. Work is
slackening down a piece, also the money
and I'm not getting sufficient to keen us,
living apart. It's through no fault of
mine we are being kept, and they won't
tell ub for how much longer. I feel just
mad. I've been thinking of writing
Lloyd Oeorge about It, but I guess I'll
just have to grin and bear it. The government have got us and intend to keep
us now. When I get a full week's pay
It Ir only £2 5s. Now I will be compelled to buy some clean clothes to
cover me, and I am needing a pair of
working boots. In fact, I am needing
lots more than I can seo my way in the
meantlino to get. There is nothing left
for you to do hut to do tho same as me,
grin and bear It."
Printers and
Ubor Temple
Phone hy. 4410
printer, of Thc Fed.
Unequalled Vaudeville Means
2: IB, 7:20, ,0: IB    Season's Prices:
Matinee,   16c;   Evenings,   18c,   26c.
Comparison with Soldiers' Pay.
Figures hnve been secured as to the
wages of munition workers for comparison with thc pay of privates enlisted for overseas service, who receive
$33 with board, clothing, medical attendance, etc., nnd ar separation allowance
for dependents of $20 per ftionth, n
total of $53 or £10 12b. Od. Working
on a 7-foot Buller lathe on night shift,
(the highest paid work) a munition
worker working full time can mnke
£12 10s. fid. per month, and a full day
shift on this lathe gives a wage of £10
Is. Od. per month, while on small ritti*
chines full time gives £0 3s. Od per
month. The munition workers have to
pay weekly 17s. fld. fbr board, and (in
the ense mentioned) Is. 3d. for car fare.
This leavea the skilled workmon on a
considerably lower wage scale than the
Canadian private in the ranks, even
whon getting full time. And,-where the
informant is working, the men are
working only fivo shifts per week.
When the munition workers left, it
was understood that a separation allowance was to be provided for their de-
pendents, and last' fall press despatches
from Ottawa stated that such prevision
had been made. In the investigations
made by The Federationist, no ease
wns found where such an allowance was
being received and letters from the
munition workers were shown which
atoted that enquiries on the point in
the Old Country resulted in no satisfactory replies, in fact, those in charge
seemed to know nothing about the
matter. ,
Fed. Anxious to Secure More Facts.
Tho Federationist will be glad to secure from its readers or their friends
nil pOBBible letters or interviews which
will throw nny additional light on tbo
conditions under which the munition
workers from this aeetion are working.
Tho situation, viewed from the facts
now known, seems to be one which calls
for all the light whieh can be thrown
on tho subject.        \
steamer far bette/ efforts would have
boen put forward to ascertain the probable fate of those on board and depore
the fact that the matter had been treated merely as a side issue because the
37 lives, which wero poasibly at atake,
were merely those of fisnermen. There
was a possibility that, in a disabled
condition, the Onward Ho might have
drifted on some of tho barren islets of
the Aleutian or Kadiak group, and the
searching party been ablo to effect a
rescue. So far as known, nothing has
been done to meet thia very possible
Methods of Prosecuting Search.
Russell Kearley, business agent of
the Fishermen's union, says a comparison of the efforts made by the government authorities to find missing
fiBhing veBaels of the Newfoundland
fleet and thoBe put forward in connection with the Onward Ho is interesting.
In Newfoundland, where Mr. Kearley
became acquainted with deep sea fishing, the government always sent out
two or three Boarching parties when
even a single fishing vessel, with a
small crew, was misqing. On the return
of the search parties tho logs of the
vessels were always made publie in order that the friends of the missing crew
might know for certain that everything
possible had been done to find the missing vessel. "Compare such a procedure
with that taken in connection with the
Onward Ho," said Mr. Xearley, "and
you'll easily understand why the members of my union fe^l deeply aggrieved
in connection with the misfortune
which has probably fallen to the lot of
so many of our brothers in the organization. "
j frBIDAY MABCH 10, 1916
■ , —
Avid spencer, ltd. david spencer, ltd.
P|        « 1—;	
Spencer's Dry Cleaning Price List
fc's suit thoroughly cleaned and pressed $1.60
Men's trousers ] 60o
White flannel and serge trousers for 75c
Men's fancy vests 50c
Men's overcoats $1.50
Men's sweater coats 75c
Ladies' suits in dark colors.  .$1.50
Ladies' suits in light colors $1,75 and $2.00
Ladies' plain skirts ' 75o
Ladies' pleated skirts $1.00 Up
Ladies' waists , 75c Up
/ Ladies' plain dresses $1.50 Up
Fancy dresses $1.75 to $3.00
Short jackets $1.00 to $1.50
Long jackets $1.50 to $2.00
Short gloves , 15o
Long gloves  ,26c
Prices on application, and-work guaranteed.
David Spencer Limited
Capital $15,000,000 Best. $13,600,000
Main Offlce:   Oorner Hastings and Granville Streets, Vancouver.
ALMA ROAD Cor. Foarth Avenue and Alma Road
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. First Avenuo and Commercial Drlvo
EAST END Cor. Pender and Main Streete
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Granville Street
HASTINGS and CAMBIE Cor. Haatinga and Cambie Streeti
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue «nd Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOOTH HILL Cor, Forty-fourth'Avenue and Fraaer Road
Also North Vancouver Branch, Oorner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
Prohibition of the License System.
Editor Federationist: As a eonstant reader
of your progressive paper, I feel sure yot
will gladly publish a rebuttal of Mr. Mill
bank's indictment of tne oople's prohibition
movement. Mr. Millbank informs us that his
church has never endorsed prohibition, and
is against it, We are, however, not surprised at this attitude of the Episcopal
church, since it represents "big business,"
both in the Old Country and on this ennti
rient, and because brewery and distillery
stock aro everywhere important factors to
our privileged classes, nnd therefore to their
religious representatives, History also reveals the fact that tbe Episcopal church, to-
Largest and most select stock in
Western Canada. Easy Terms
and decent treatment, at war
time prices.
Hastings Furniture Co.Iid.
Men's Hatters and.Outfitters
Three Storei
Labor Unions, Attention!
$ Let us print your
next Bylaws and Constitutions. We know how
and our prices are
right. <JWe can give
you prompt service on
all your prihting. Give
us a trial.
The B.C. Federationist
ROOM 210
SEY. 7496        LABOR TAMPLE
gether with somo others, at ono time opposed
the abolition of chattel slavery, and superintended tho persecution of heretics, and the
burning of witches, even on this continent.
Mr. Millbank Beems somewhat of a blind
guide when he "seeks the living among tho
dead," and like many of those of bis profession looks backward instead of ahead for tho
golden ago of mankind. He even terms prohibition an "unscriptural platform," and It
may bo no, but if the Bible Is a record of
change, of religious and moral evolution, and
Jesus was a rebel against the established
superstitions and orders of his day. Were
He here now He would doubtless once moro
be crucified for "sedition" by the patriotic
classes which controls the helm of state. He
was as far ahead of his day and of the priest-
made laws of the tribal fetish of the Israelites as electric light is ahead of the candle.
Not "an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a
tooth," the spirit of militarism and revenge,
"but I say unti you, love your enemies, do
good to them that hate you. The roverend
gentleman informs ub that ' 'prohibition Is
tantamount to moral weakness." If so, the
saloon and its products would ho tantamount
to moral strength. The fact is the best of
men and women, owing to constitution and
environment, sometimes become victims to
alcohol, morphine and other drugs. Is It
moral weakness that induces men and women
to remove and penalize these dangers 1 Is It
not rather an evidence of intellectual and
and moral strength! When our drinking
causes our brother to offend, and we forego
this habit and personal liberty, in order that
he and his family should be happier thereby.
Why the only star of hope visible for humanity today lies In the growing realisation that
we are our brothers' keepers in the increasing knowledge of our social powers and
moral responsibilities, and prohibition today
in British Columbia to a great extent expresses
this idea. For the benefit of those who
"must have it," I would like to call attention to the fact that the Alberta act, which is
endorsed by tho prohibitionists of B. O., permits each household or individual to import
and havo on his premises a quart of spirits,
and two gallons o.f malt liquor at a time, so
that prohibition does not attempt to abolish
the drink habit at one blow, and any physician can prescribe liquor for medicinal purposes. Prohibition will, however, abolish
"treating," and thiB is most Important.
There aro some people in this'movement, who
if they realized where the referendum led,
would instantly become its bitterest opponents, for it is a precedent fraught with immi
nent danger to property interests and the
exploiting class. Experience proves alcohol
to be a narcotic poison consuming vitality,
producing moral degeneracy and reducing ef- i
ttciency in physical and mental activities. It
Is therefore an enemy of the community;
which the electors have the power of abolish*
ing or retaining. Already millions invested
in distilleries'and breworios and saloons on
this continent have been swept away by thia
mandate of tho peoplo, and if ln tbo interests
of the public a section of that class which
lives through ownership and the exploitation
of labor can In this way be dispossessed of
its vested rights and revenue, what is to
prevent the peoplo, through the same process,
from deciding to abolish other interests now,
owned by the exploiting class, and whieh
stand in the way of progress) Supposing
the people doclde in the same manner that
publlo interest necessitates the establishment of government banking institutions, and
in this way confiscate the business of the
financial institutions of Canada. Or If the
facts regarding the matter were clearly stated
would not the people of this province be
willing to confiscate the timber, fisheries,
land and other natural resources now owned
by corporations! Or would we hesitate to
take over tho railroads, mines and mills of
Canada) and to establish Industrial democracy
and production for use In place of production
for dividends, and through those means substitute co-operation for competitions, plenty
tor poverty, and peace for warfare 1 This
is the reason why I and others of similar
views are today In the prohibition movement.
The public desires all these things, and this
precedent of the referendum will show them
how to secure them. Of course, we understand that poverty is the fundamental canie
of Intemperance, but today there' Is no gen-
oral movement In B. C. to abolish poverty.
Many misinformed prohibitionists attribute
poverty and the chief Ills of society to
"drink," and especially in thfe the attltudfl*
of the middle classes and the" employers of
labor, and to have this "red herring" once
and for all removed from the path of the
people, is a worthy object. At the same
time we must admit that a sob-r working
class can fight ItB enemies and solv-i its problems much more efficiently than a class which
deadens Its sensibilizes, destroys Its powers
of rosiBBtnce, snd squanders Its wages on alcohol, and this Is the reason why labor
unions and socialist parties everywhere advocate abstinence.
Vancouver, March 1, 1916.
New — Modern — Fireproof
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under the management of W. V. MOHAN
Room wilh detached bath ni.oo .et d>r on
Room with print, bath .91.SO p." dnj op
Special Winter Reduced Rates ttt Permanent Guests
Onr electric motor bu meeU all boat! and tralni bet ',
LOTUS GRILL-Open Continuously
Munlo trom 6.80 to 8.80 and 10 to midnight
Take up these Questions
at Next Meeting of
your Union
in a Body
10 yearly aiib. cards $10.
Union Secretaries.
Please Notice
There are still a number of
local unlona throughout British
Columbia that have,.not given
tho_ assistance they should towards Tho 'Federationist, now
the only Labor paper published
west of Winnipeg.
Will your organisation place '
a card in our unton directory,
costing only $1.00 per month!
Will your organisation subscribe In a body to The Federationlit at the rate of fl.00
eaoh, to be mailed to Individual
addresses t
Will your organisation appoint a correspondent to send
In union items of Interest eaeh
And, by the way: la your
unton afflliated with the central
labor hody of your locality! Is
your union affiliated with the
B, O. Federation of Labor t If
not, what about itt


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