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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 3, 1915

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Array ■**■*■
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■^■■■■■■■■i^pp
FEDERATIONIST
<3-   i'KDEBATION OI* LABOB
POLITICAL UNITT ! VICTOBTI
(la Vaaeoor.r\
Cltr. M.oo /
$1.60 PER YEAR
:S INVESTIGATION OF
DEP. MAG. SOOTH'S METHODS
iat Deputy Magistrate South of Vancouver is grossly unjust
decisions, and entirely inefficient in his methods of carrying
■duties, was the allegation made at last night's meeting of
ies and. Labor council. Attorney-General Bowser will be re-
1   t»y  that body to investigate the charge.
Impatient,   High Handed and Intolerant.
ce-President Pettipiece in bringing the matter to the attention
council, said that he believed it to be the opinion of all impar-
servers  that Deputy Magistrate South was thoroughly unjust
nethods,  and that he had outlived any ability he might ever
ossessed for his office.    He was a survival of Vancouver's vil-
*a*y*s,   tout   was  now  quite incompetent.    Maladministration of
•3.   justice  characterized his daily practice in the police court.
lit.   had money and could hire counsel he stood some chance of
ng-.      But if he had none, he got neither hearing nor anything
the   way of fair treatment.    President McVety said that the
expressed  by Delegate Pettipiece were pretty generally sup-
toy   the   opinion  of the majority of the lawyers in the city.
Magistrate   South 's methods had become notorious.    If he
good   decision, it was. recognized as an accident, and not be-
te   had  ability or competence to justly administer the serious
[>f his office.    Be'ov is the account of an imaginary case being
y-    UVtag-istrate   South,  and typical of the kind of procedure
rxas hecome no notorious.    Following that are the accounts of
ttxa.1   cases.   ' /
Typical   Vag   Case.
Magistrate      South *s     court,
aes       charged      witli     vagrancy.
stled     into     court. Asked     to
leads    "Not    Guilty."      Officer
the   box.
worship, I met this man on
ttreet. X asked hizu to- give an
■£ himself. He said that he
ome to town. He had been
E:<jr the past' two months har-
TTe only had GO cents in his
Ie said he had a room paid up
; week. * '
■tor Ha-ve        you       seen      him
'3-^ -■-■■•_ i. TJ1UII    Ham    tus:    i.u.iiriu   uj     .............    .
—&__,   yes;    lie   has   been hang-   k aI1 ^nter on the bread line,
for    -tlie    past    three    or   four r *
Court—Yea, and how much did your
fare  cost you?
Jones—1 paid $36 to Kamloops. I
thought I could get work there.
Court—jOh, ho, you hove been at Kam
loops, have youT Can you tell me the
color of the station there f
Jones—I-T think that it is pink.
Court—No, you are wrong. I find
you guilty and sentence you to three
months in jail. You came here expect*
ing the citizens of Vancouver to feed
you when you ane too lazy to work. You
had $53 when you left the harvest
fields, and you spent $39. You must
have spent the balance in drinking and
then  want the people of Vancouvor to
to    prisoner) X>o   you.   want  to
ny    questions f
(unaccustomed to court's and
L *»y being suddenly thrust
n-xsoner *s tx>2c, and unable to
use       of      tlie    accoustics)—Yer
■fcolcl    him    that	
-fce Stint    np.       You    can   tell
later.        Have   you   any   ques-
C nervously)——No-OrO.
Blank Yonr   worship,   this
► een. hanging around the Cor-
rfc saloons. We have had all
complaints     about    him.      The
in.   the   botel say that he
hanging     around    drunks   and
j>u*fc    him     out    several   times,
ich   evidence is inadmissable.X
[ave     you.      any      questions   to
yonr   worship,
I 'll   hear   you
-I    have      not,
tte Shut    np.
■or That *s   tbe   case.
ones (taking       tbe      witness
am     a    hard-working   man.     I
ng   during tbe  harveesting^	
'___     you    "were    on    the   prairies,
t    you.   stay   tbere? t
It    was   getting  cold  and I	
■ih,     ha,       that's      it too   cold,
__,        33Io"W   much   money  did you
you   left   the   harvesting?
~ha<i    $53.
An Actual Case.
An instance happened about a year
ago, when a mnn who declared that he
hailed from Sydney, Australia, was
charged with vagrancy. The magistrate himself is a native of that'country.    The following dialogue ensued:
Magistrate—So you were in Sydney?
Yes.
Do you know Flattery<s (?) wharf?
Yes, sir.
Court—On the hill above the wharf
there is a big building with a big stone
fence around it, and a tall flag pole,
and there is always a flog flying there.
Do you know what that place is?
Accused1—Oh, yes, I know it. That's
the jail.
Court—Ah,   ha,   I   thought   that you
would know it alright.   I sentence you
to six months in the common jail.
Another Actual Case.
Six opium smokers appear before the
court and plead guilty.
Magistrate South—I fine you $10 and
costs. .....-.-.,..
Inspector Jackson—No you don't,
your worship. You have got to fine
them more. I 'm tired of bringing men
in here to have them let off with a light
fine.    I insist on the limit.
Court—But inspector, you must not
say "insist."
Inspector—But I do. I have raided
this place several times.
Court—Oh, you have. Well, I fine
them $25 and costs.
A
Best Meeting of Late Discussed a Number -of.
Live Issues
An Inquiry -Into Magistrate
South's Methods Will    «i
Be Asked For
in the engineering and fit-
er-making and machinery
x-e were reported to be few
i, a tendency being noted in
naking trade for tbe demand
-fco exceed tbe supply. The
r of enlistments for military
■>xn this section further en-
tendency,
irnment Making Shells,
g upon the receipt of news
British government, that 18-
igb explosive shells be re-
federal government organ-
tie for the manufacture of
Ln    Australia.
fa. is "being steadily gone on
the following equipments
Lons are also being made
ther, cloth, clothing, hats,
cl- veterinary stores, scientific
boots, enamelled water bot-
X>roof sheets, wagon parts,
;s, harness mounts, drop
seshoes, mess tins, camp ket-
rireless sets, telephone ecjuip-
ness and. saddlery, knives,
spoons, compasses, tents,
brush work.
od   Trades  Are Bnsy.
i-fcill xnnch unemployment in
, especially in the meat-
kid storage and allied indus-
is due to a general shortage
>n account of the embargo
-fc l>y the government, in or-
serve supplies for army relit tie improvement in the
g tra.de, tbough there should
i.es   ahead,   as   we   arc  to  have
leat    harvest tbo   biggest  in
Conditions   in   the   baking
ao    better   than   at   last  week,
work       of      pastry     cooking
only    be     announced   as   nor-
THE PEOPLE'S FORUM
MEETING LAST
E. Wilton and G. Hardy
Spoke   on   Social
Problems
Government  Ownership  of
Public Utilities Was
Favored
Inters    in    Demand.
&     big     boost    in    tbis    trade,
s     likely    to   last    till   the   end
at   least.       One  factor  of this
hands       is       tbe     fact    that
enlisted    for   tbe   war,   -while
newspapers     bave     started
Then,       too,      the      jobbing
soeived   a   decided   lift-up.
-nd.    Transport   Workers,
ction    matters   are   about  the
ast   writing,   saw   millers and
ers      being     still     with    many
Tbe        furniture      trade     is
though    not    busy   enough   to
those     unemployed    through
the    wicker   work   section.
*    show    a   tendency   to  slack-
the      exception     of    tramway
cvhere        an       improvement   is
being   no   unemployment—
hand,     tbo    government   is
sed    of   men   to   replace   those
■wa r.        Taxicab    drivers   reemployment,    but    horse-cab*
many   out   of  work the high
a-der adding to this factor,
trolley men, conditions are
i in e as at last report.
rs and Ooal Miners.
are very much tho same
sport . Tliero is a slight im-
Lroong tbe coal lumpers, owning .showing somo activity.
m      decided     improvement   in
Speaking at tho People's Forum last
Sunday evening, on tho "Relation of
the Workers to the Conservative and
Liberal Parties," Mr. J. E. Wilton and
Mr. G. Hardy, whose subject was ''Social Service and Socialism,'1 arrived at
a similar conclusion, namely, that it is
in the hands of tho workers to work
out their own salvation.
Both Parties Are Useless.
Mr. Wilton dwelt on the fact that
there was no relation between the
workers and tho Liberal and Conservative parties, both parties representing
certain well defined interests, which
were diametrically opposed to those of
the workers, and only by the formation
of a party of their own could tho workers expect to havo their legislative interests attended to.
For Governmont Ownership.
Mr. Hardy advocated a similar action
as being a more direct nnd better
method of furthering tho interests of
the working class, than that advocntod
by the socialist party of Canada, advising gradual development in tho direction of government ownership of public
utilities, and a fuller development of
tho capitalist system, which would -ultimately lead to a better Btate of society,
and at the same timo procure for the
workers the best livelihood during tho
development of that system, construction and not destruction being tho main
idea.
The various points raised by the
speakers were discussed by the nudienco
in an interesting manner for over an
hour beforo the meeting adjourned.
mining during tho last month. This is
duo to the fact that the throat of striko
as intimated in my last report has boen
withdrawn, consequently the mon nre
receiving a fair increnso through tho
Commonwealth   arbitration  court.
Generally in tho interior thoro is
much activity owing to tho mnny works
being carried ont by tho government,
and the fact thnt n record harvest is to
be  gathered  in  Australia.
W. FRANCIS AHERN.
President J. H. McVety resumed Ml
duties as chairman, at hut night's
meeting of the'Trades and Labor council, after an absence of two monthi'
utith the workmen's compensation commission. A good attendance of delegates was present.
Deputy minister of labor F. A. Ac-
land, Ottawa,.wrote saying that separation allowances to the wives of war
munition workers taken from this country by the British government would
be paid through the department of labor.
Miss Gutteridge Selected.
The United Women's Suffrage society notified the couneil that' it intended to send a deputation to interview
the provincial government, and urge the
granting of the franchise to women.' It
requested that the oounoil seleet a delegate to form part of the deputation
which It ta desired to make as numerous and representative as possible. Miss
H. Guttoridge, the secretary-treasurer
of tho council was unanimously selected as the council's delegate to go along
with the deputation to Victoria. Delegates McVety, Trotter and Cottrell will
represent the council at tonight's annual meeting of the Social Service '
council. Former delegate H. Spear now
in San Francisco, wrote thanking the
council for giving him credentials to
the recent convention of the American
Federation of Labor.
Forum Meetings Earlier.
The People's Forum committee reported having hold successful Sunday
evening meetings. In response to many
requests tho time of Ihe meetings has
been changed. It will now be 7.30 instead of 8.15 each Sunday evening. Mrs.
Ralph Smith will speak neA Sunday at
7.30 p. m. The committee having these
meetings in charge was enlarged to five
by the adidtion of Delegates Gutteridge
and Knowles. It is intended to have
interesting and able speakers at the
Forum meetings each Sunday evening.
Beports df Unions.
Brewory Workers reported having
delegated Vine-president Pettipieco to
represent them on the anti-prohibition •
delegation which recently appeared before the provincial government. 0. P.
R. machinists are now working full
time, and more machines have been laid
down in the shops.
Delegato Dodd of tho letter enrriors,
moved thnt a collection be tnken up for
The Province newspaper Santa Claus.
fund. Delegate Graham moved an
amendmont thnt the council donate $10
to tho fund.   Both proposals were lost.
Case of Magistrate South.
Vice-president Pettipiece moved that
Attorney-General Bowsor bo requested
to investigate the mnnnor in which deputy magistrate South carries out his
duties at tho city police court. After
considerable explanation and discussion
thu motion carried unanimously. This
matter is dealt with in more detail in
another column. A financial statement
of tho council's expenditures in connection with rocont Trndes Congress convention was presented. The total receipts wero $1550, and disbursements
$1502.01. Delegato Sully called the at*
tention of the council to the fact that
the daily newspapers had given the impression that Delegato Pettipiece appeared with tho an ti-prohibition delegation at Victoria, as the president of the
TradeB and Labor council. He introduced a resolution repudiating any suoh
impression. The question was discussed
at considerable length. Delegate Kelly
moved in amendment thnt the matter
be laid on the table. This course was
decided upon by a vote of 20 in favor,
to 12 against.
John Davidson Dead.
John Davidson, nn old-time member
of the carpenters' union ,iind a life-long
worker in the trade union movement of
Vancouvor, died this weok. The secretary of tho council waB instructed to
send a letter of condolence to the bereaved family, and to Bend a wreath to
tho funornl on behnlf of tho local lnbor
movement. The stroot railwaymen announced thnt one of their mem tiers, Robert Rigby, would run ns a candidate for
school trustee in Smith Vnncouver.
After ono of tho busiest and most interesting meetings held for some time,
tho council adjourned at 0.30.
Money to Burn.
Presidont Marsden 0. Scott, of the International Typographical union, recently received from W. P. CaBarez, a member of Mailers' union No. 43, El Paso,
Texas, a souvenir collection of all the
different kinds of Mexican paper money
that wero and are in circulation in that
trouble-ridden republic. Mr. Cnsarez
sayB:
If somo of tho boys wish to get rich
quick, now is their only chnnco, as I can
givo t"0m $300 (Mexican) for $1 United
States currency. Paul Dodge, former
secretory of El Paso Typographical
union No. 370, left ub recently, and
just before he left he came in to say
good-bye and to buy some Mexican
monoy. Well, I sold him $300 worth for
a dollar and mado him 9 present of
$2,500. Thnt shows that the El Paso
mailors are very liberal and have money
to burn. I offered Mr. Dodge several
thousand more, but ho mndo tho remark
that ho couldn't afford to hire a wagon
to haul it and then pny freight on it.
Business Is Business,
The Krupps have given five million
dollars for tho relief of tho families of
dead soldiers. No doubt this puts their
minds at onso. Thoy havo helped thttr
country, they havo declared a 12 per
cent, dividend, thoy have given a dole
to tho widowed and tho fatherless, and
business is still good. A comfortable
world, indeed, in which there Ib profit
oven in tho buying and soiling of
wounds and death. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY DECEMBBB 3, 1915
INCORPORATED 1886
THB
MOLSONS
Bank
CAPITAL ud BESEBVE
$8,800,000
86 Branches ln 0«n«d»
A general tanking busineu trine-
acted.   Circular letters of credit
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada...
INCORPORATED IHf
Paid-up Capital
Reserve - - - - -
Total Aeeete ■ ■
12,600,000
WE ALLOW  INTEREST ON DE-
-POSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
buelneee will be welcome be It large er
email
Branches and correspondents
throughout the world
THE
INCORPORATED
1855
BANK OF
TORONTO
Assets $61,000,000
Deposits 646,000,000
The Safe Investment
of Small Funds
Is to most men a difficult problem,
and  many  havo  lost  all  their
money   through   unwise   investments.
If your funds are deposited in
THE BANK OF TORONTO
Savings Department you may be
sure they are in the safest place
possible
Our  large  Assets  and   Beserve
Fund afford a comfortable feeling
of security to all our customers.
Interest paid on balances twice a
year.
Paid-up Capital 16,000,000
Reserved Punds $8,307,272
Corner Hastings and Gambia ltt.
British Columbia
LAND
Splendid opportnnltiee tn Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Foultry. British Oolnmbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 160 aeres
to Actual Settler*—
Free
TBB
3BMB—Besldenee on. the land
for at leait three yeara; improvements to tb* extent of $8 per
acre- -bringing under cultivation
at least Ave acres.
For further information apply to
DEPUTY lONISTBB OF
LANDS, VIOTOBIA, B.O.
BEOBBTABT, BUBEAU OF
PBOVINOIAL INPOBMATION,
VIOTOBIA, B.O.
DO TOU REALIZE
IBB POSSIBILITIES
Or YOUB TELEPHONE7
Why hu the telephone become so
popular ln ell countries I Because it
transmits the human quality of tbe
human voice.
When a person is speaking over tho
telephone, the tones and accent of tbe
voice are very distinct; each talker
recognises instantly the voice of the
other.
That's what makes Ions distance
telephoning so satisfactory. Tou know
whom you are talking to, you know
your message Is being received, and
yon get your answer. And all In a
moment's time,
BBITISH  COLUMBIA  TELEPHONE
OOHPABT. LIMITED
Printers and
Labor Temple
Building
Phone Dey. UtO
printers of The Pun.
THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Prlday morning by the B. 0. Federatlonist, Limits*
R. Parm Pettipiece.,. i Manager
J. W. Wilkinson. ..„. ..■■■■■■■■ Editor
Offloe: Boom 817, Labor Temple.   Telephone Exchange
Seymour 7196
Subscription: $1.60 per year; in Vancouver Olty, $2;
to onions subscribing In a body, 11.
M. L. Frasler 1.. Advertising Managor
representatives'""
New Westminster W. E. Maiden, Box 934
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning Box 531
Victoria A. 8. Wells, Box 1588
Afflliated with the Western Labor Press Association
"Unity of Labor: tha Hope of tke World"
FBIDAY DECEMBEB 3, 1916
HENRY FORD CAN AFFORD at this
stage oi his career to indulge almost any of Kis whims and fancies
which come within the compass of his
financial possibilities—especially if the accruing publicity is not
calculated  to   be   com-
MOBE
INNOCENTS
ABBOAD.
mercially harmful.    So
it need not be a mat
ter for any great amaze*
ment that he has hired a
whole ship, ond will go asailing across the
raging main to Europe where—providing
the tackle holds—he will bring the war to
a closo on Christmas morning; banish militarism from the earth forever; establish
peace on earth goodwill towards men; and
make the welkin ring throughout its
entire length and breadth, about the virtues of the cheapest automobile ever put
on the market, and its remarkable pro*
ducer.
•      *      •      •
Mr. Ford is supported in his efforts to
provide the most spectacular and diverting vaudeville which will be provided for
the entertainment of the world this coming Yuletide, by a hand-picked aggregation of "uplifters." They never struck
anything quite so soft, and the rush for
the first performance threatened to become positively indecent, but that Henry
—realizing how desirable it was that peace
pilgrims should not fight before they
started out—very thoughtfully hired more
space on another ship. And tomorrow
they are due to set sail upon the deep blue
sea; resolutions, spell-binders, profiteering
pacificists, golden rulers and the Lord only
knows what ehse. They will attract a certain amount of sustained attention from
the newspapers—until they get into the
censor zone—but they will never begin to
be taken seriously by the people in Europe,
who are in control of the diplomatic machinery through which alone will peace
terms be discussed, which are destined to
reach a practical stage. If there were
more real democracy in Europe now than
at the beginning of the war, it might possibly be different. But there is not. Still
Mr. Ford's efforts will not be entirely
wasted. The drama is so intense that,
anyone so thoughtful and enterprising as
to furnish some occasional "comic relief"
cannot fail to meet with approval. But
minds which have specialized on the usefulness and versatility of the monkey
wrench, aro not of necessity equipped to
solve the little problem which is troubling Europe just now.
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT has many
effects.   It has its effects on the
criminal classes, tending to prevent
them from  committing  capital  crimes.
This is, in theory, its, principal object—
and this is why capital
., „__ punishment is a delusion
fJL fro"11 the standpoint of
avote criminology. It scarcely
ever prevents a crime.
History shows that
crimes increase as punishments become
more severe. There was a time in England when the stealing of anything—a loaf
of bread, a rabbit from the heath—was
punishable by death. The orimeg so punished were innumerable.
•      •      •      •
These laws were enforced, too. There
were no delays, no appeals. The felon
was hanged, drawn and quartered. But
it did no good. As civilization progressed
and humanity set itself against theBe
things, milder punishments were adopted
and gentler methods. Those who predicted that orime would increase with the
lessening of the horrors of its punishment
were surprised by the lessening of -crime.
Merciless punishment creates desperation
and makes for orime!
BAVINO
UP TEE
NICKELS.
ECONOMY OF RESOURCES in Bri-
tain is to be encouraged by parliament. The legislators themselves
are in future to use paper pipe lights and
serviettes, and by a variety of similarly
modest examples gradually inculcate a desire
for larger and more general economies on the
part of the mass of the
people. In the meantime the Evening News of October 18th,
makes a point whioh may seem to many
people well taken.   It says:
There are men in high places to
whom in times of peace we pay high
salaries—hoping thereby, though—
the hope may not always be justified,
Jo obtain the best brains for the government of the country. We pay
most of the cabinet ministers £5000 a
year, and our lord chancellor £10,000
a year. Surely theso rulers of ours,
patriotic as we know them to be, '
could exist on half the salaries that
they are now getting. Then we have
three retired lord chancellors receiving £5000 a year each for having been
lord chancellors at a princely wage,
and a certain number of ex-cabinet
ministers who are pensioned in proportion, Cannot they be convinced of
the need for an example of self-denial for their country's sake? Again,
there are the law officers of the
crown, whose salaries and fees together make even a lord chancellor
look poor. Have they nothing to l'e'n-
der back to the country which has
paid them so lavishly in time of
peace?
Now, it hardly seems fair to rush these
people too much. They cannot stand poverty so well as the poor who are used to
it. Let the poor be a little patient. Mr.
Eustace Miles, the food expert, has shown
them how to make very enjoyable stews
and broths'from potato parings and vegetable rinds. Can't they be satisfied with
that?
M°
OST OF THE THINKING about
the war, which is being done now
by the majority of the general
public,'and by the working class in particular, is occupied with the possible time
and terms of peace, and
LOOKING w't'1 wnat W1" haPPcn
TO THE a^ter t*"at*    ^e t*° not
FUTUBE See  S0  mU0*1 nowttdays
in the newspapers about
how this, that, or the
other, working class organization collapsed into a ruin of its previously avowed
principles at the first call to war. Men's
thoughts on the matter are now mostly
directed forward, in effort to glimpse the
future, and what may best be done with it.
That there will be a condition confronting
human society in all the war countries,
such as history can furnish no preocdent
for, is admitted by all; irrespective of
their political views or any other considerations. ' The tragedy of the situation is,
that the machinery of government is
everywhere chiefly in the hands of a ruling element which has displayed an absolute lack of ability to comprehend the instinctive aspirations of the social mind of
the masses; coupled with a frantic desire
to retain for vested interest and outworn
aristocracy every one of the privileges
which they have filched from the common
wealth of the state in years gone by.
If, after the war is over, control of the
destinies of nations is still to remain in
the hands of men of the type which have
brought Europe to its present state, then
all the lessons of the past year will have
been of no avail; and the experience of
the common people in that time may just
as well be consigned to the garbage can
of history. There are many^-even among
those whose every hope lies in the opposite direction—who believe that that is
just about what will happen. Democracy,
for them, hag become an amusing myth,
to which reference is only possible in
terms of cynicism and ridicule. And, unpalatable as it may be, they are the deeper
and more analytical thinkers at that. On
the other hand, there is a very optimistic
—if somewhat superficially ponderous—
clement, which airily assures all who have
the privilege and patience to hear, that at
the end of the war the working class, in
most of the principle countries involved,
will rise in revolt, and drive from power
for ever the ruling caste whioh are responsible for the present condition of things,
These people are perhaps more hopeful
than anything else—considering the spec*
tacle which the working class of Europe
has presented for the edification of the
world during the past sixteen months.
But in any case, they mostly deal in homespun theories, and affect a very lofty indifference towards the fact that human
beings are really quite human after all—
with all the inconsistencies and contradictions which, that includes.
The idea of working class revolution in
Europe does not, after examination, appear to be a hopeful quantity, or one from
which permanent good results can be expected. Reduced to its essential feature
it practically contends, that several millions of men, who require two or three
years' experience of killing their kind to
bring them to a sense of the uselessness
and folly of it all, are the mental types
which, at the end of that brutalizing experience will be able to grasp the tangled
mess and out of it bring social order by
armed revolution. There may be suoh revolution in some places, but it is not likely
to be much more in the long run than the
blind mob fury born of desperation taking the short cut to worse disaster.
The psychology of the various groups
will almost certainly manifest itself differently in the various countries. Students
of political history arc curious as to what
effect a defeat of the aspirations of the
ruling class in Germany may have. Will
the big capitalists decide like thoso of
France did in 1871, that the monarchical
form of government has brought disaster
to their interests? If so, will they take
advantage of the disgust among the proletariat to urge it on as the French bourgeois did, to depose the monarchy, and
place the control of the state in the hands
of the commercial class? The French experiment along that line of investigation,
cost the lives of 30,000 men, women and
children of the working class, before the
bubble of the illusion was burst. The popular conception of revolutions as all being
inspired from below, does not in many
cases stand the perspective test of history.
Such movements usually have for their
object the transference of political power
from one element in a state to the other.
They all require the active participation
of the proletariat, but they are not always
inspired frohi that class, which often finds
at the end of the story that it has simply
been used as the tool of an even more astute and cunning element than the one
which it.risks its life to depose.
In England there is little likelihood of
revolution as it is commonly oallcd. The
elasticity of constitutional methods there,
acts as a sort of safety valve to protect
the interests which would be endangered
by such a condition. But there will be
some fundamental readjustments of politi
cal power. The political party system,
with its mock antagonisms, will likely be
one of the first things to go into the discard. Liberals and Conservatives as such
will unite in one body representing a definite economic interest, as opposed to that
of the working class, which is bound to be
forced by very pressure of circumstances
into closer political co-operation. It will
be Capital and Labor lined up against
each other on more sharply defined lines
than formerly—the product of the economic determinism arising out of the war.
The old type of political leader, who has
proved such an absolute incompetent and
bungler, will be scrapped by the commercial interests which will participate more
openly and actively in affairs of government than before. From the standpoint
of working class politics, that will be an
advantage. They will see more clearly
what they are facing. Just what they will
do about it, remains to be seen. That
they will do something is certain—because they will be forced to. That is the
only reason which has ever stirred them
to action on their own behalf.
Improved machinery has made it possible for a man to do almost as many things
as a woman can do with a hairpin.
A war loan is the price which this generation charges posterity for the privilege
of reading about the war, long after those
who caused or took part in it are dead.
If they go on killing men at the rate
they are doing in Europe, it is quite within the bounds of possibility that for some
years after the war, human life will receive almost as much consideration from
legislators as property has done hitherto.
A great deal is being made in the press
about a woman spy sentenced by the Germans to death, being allowed to live at
the request of the King of -Spain. The
publicity given to this is, for the especial
benefit of the mob, mediocrity of all
grades of society, which constitutes the
major part of the circulation of the average daily newspaper. It will not cause
any lapse of memory to come upon those
who remember the murder—the word is
well and truly chosen—of Francisco Ferrer by the Spanish government in 1909.
The News-Advertiser calls on the moving picture censor to prohibit the exhibition of a film in which the leading actress
is some person who is known to have
strong German sympathies. We notice a
number of very fine organ recitals being
given at various of the city churches just
now. Quite fifty per cent, of the best
music played at all of them is by German
composers. "What would our morning
contemporary do about it? Try and make
a little capital by playing on one of the
most stupid of all the passions which have
been aroused by the war?
Those Teutons. Poor myopic plugs!
They certainly have had .Hheirs" for not
being able to see where they were being
led these forty years. Why, the very perfection of their political organization,
which so impressed visitors, was not at
bottom anything more than a reflection of
the discipline which their masters had
stamped on their grey matter against
"Der Tag." The rest of the working
cIbbs of Europe arrived at pretty much the
same place—only by another route. They
followed.  The others led.
As Bhowing the way the A. F. of L. recognizes the inevitable line of procedure
which industrial development is imposing
on labor unions, the convention adopted
the recommendation of the committee on
adjustment that efforts be made to amalgamate in one organization the following
unions: Lithographers, lithographic press
feeders, printing pressmen, photo-engravers and poBter artists. The executive
counoil was instructed to bring about the
amalgamation. It was also instructed to
continue its efforts to bring about the
amalgamation of the International Brotherhood of Steam Shovel and Dredgemen
with the International Union of Steam
and Operating Engineers.
An eastern United States correspondent
speaking about prohibition, says:
Take conditions in somo of our
West Virginia coal mines, for example, the owners of which were extremely activo in behalf of prohibition
in the reoent fight.   Their men labor
nine, even ten hours  a day under
hardships almost inconceivable. Here
, the cry for tonnage and still more
tonnage drives the men to tasks at
whioh a horse would balk.
It only goes to support the faot that the
chief interest which big business has in
the issue is not a moral one at all, but
just a plain and selfish desire to make the
carcass of the worker" more productive
and consequently more profitable.
Sam Gompers, speaking on the proposal
that the American Federation of Labor
should inaugurate a legislative campaign
in favor of a minimum all-round eight-
hour day in* the industries of the United
States, said at the recent convention of
the A. F. of L.:
Some are afraid of battle and believe that they can do things by dropping a ballot in the box.  They forget
that power is gravitating from the
ballot box to the economic field more
and more.   We must fight not by
pieces of paper, but by the scars of
battle, the hunger of stomach.
That sounds more like the syndicalist
argument than many an argument we
have read or heard from the syndicalists.
Looks as though Sam again allowed his
intense dislike of the socialists to cause
him to lose his sense of proportion.   In
spite of all his experience and sagacity,
this pet weakness of his grows upon him.
Mennonites'are looking over the Princo
George district with a view to settling
there.  A news despatch says:
Louis Kou, immigration agent of
the G. T. P. railway, and other civic
and railway officials are lavish in
their praise of the Mennonites as agricultural   Bettlers   and   developers.
They are naturally farming people
and are of the most industrious class.
The railway spider flatters the settler
fly, and will doubtless hand out all the
Kon it can consume; in return for the future   privilege   of   extracting   from   it
through the medium of freight rates and
express charges the entire value of the
product of its industry, with the exception of sufficient to keep it just fed,
clothed and sheltered so it can keep on
being industrious.
During the last days of last century,
the New York World sent out the following question to most of* the men prominent
in the public life of the world: "What is
the chief danger, social or political, of the
coming century?" Mr. Asquith and Mr.
Keir Hardie both replied "Militarism."
It has already killed one, and the other
says this week there must be more of it,
even to the point of compulsory military
servioe in the country of which he is head
of the government. The Spenoerian definition of life is "the ability of the organism to adjust itself to its environment."
This is just as much applicable to politicians as to ordinary humans.
Francis W. Hirst, editor of the London
Economist, says of the situation in Germany:
The long-suppressed discontent of
the drilled proletariat who form the
material of war is gradually becoming formidable, even in Germany.
The mere use of the term proletariat—
not to mention the admission that it forms
"the material of war"—is a notable sign
of the times.  If the proletariat, drilled or
undrilled,   of Europe,   could   once  be
brought to recognize the real significance
of such a statement, some eminent economists might be in a. fair way to learning
the difference between political economy,
as they have learned and taught it, and as
it ought naturally to be.
What shall a sturdy man do who has
not the price of a meal? Clearly, he must
go to work and earn it. But, if none will
give him work? Right here we impose
the death penalty for his failure. We
sentence him to starvation. He can escape this punishment in no way that is
lawful. We have had the foresight to see
to that, by laws against robbery, theft and
mendicancy. Mere vagrancy, too, is a
orime; if without visible means of support
a man may be sent to jail. If, like the
Son of Man, he "hath not where to lay his
head," he will be safer from the rest of
us if he pack it about with him, remaining
awake or sleeping afoot. He might sleep
in the park or on a wharf or in some other
unconsidered place. That would be no
great hardship to society, but society has
provided against it by prisons.
THE SUN
LEADS THE WAY
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE, not for
any class of the people. Clean, newsy and
bright*—a newspaper you can trust. THE
SUN upholds the principle of government
by the people.   .
KEEP IN TOUCH with the news of the
day by reading THE SUN.
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Subscription Department,
VANOOUVER, B. 0.
Westminster
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
3. 3. JONES,       J. A. BENNIE,
Mas. Director Sec-Tress.
ACTS AS ASSIGNEES,
LKJUIDATOB8 AND
BEOEIVEBS
INSUBANCE IN ALL
ITS BBANOHES
Houses, Bungalows, Stores
and modem mitts for rent
at a big reduction.
Safety Deposit Boxes tor rent at
$2.50 up.  Wills drawn up free of
charge.
Deposits accepted aad Interest at
Four per cent, allowed oa dally
balances.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
m\
TBADES AND LABOR OOUNOIL—MEETS
first end third Thursdays. Executive
board: James H. MoVety, preildent: B. P.
Pottipieee. vice-president; George Bartley.
general seoretary, 210 Leber Temple: Miss
=**• Gutteridge, treasurer; Fred. AT Aoover,
. .... .      • •  ""■"'"'".  *rea.  a.  uoover,
statistician; eergeaiit-at-erms, John Bully: A.
1    n.....,...,    «,-.,     ^  w>Uki
-.-..-..v.-.. ,   ■D.SD«..,*a.->riua,  noun   C
J. Crawford, Fred. Knowlea, F. W,
trustees.
A'-UgD   PRINTING  TRADES    COUN-
CIL.-*--Meets  second Monday In the
genth.    President, H. J. Bothel: secretary!
B. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 06.        ••"•""■■•■'*
BARTENDERS'   LOCAL   No. HI.-OP.
. lice, Room 208 Ltbor Temnle. Meete
flret Sunday of each month. Preaident!
Jamee Campbell j Inanelal secretary K
Davis, Box 424. phone Bey. 4752; recording
secretary, Wm. MotUshaw, Olebe Betel Main
street. ««»«, —•»
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
—Meets every 1st and Srd Tueeday,
8 p.m.. Room J07. Preaident, Jamee
Haslett: corresponding secreUry, aw. a
Dagnall, Box 63; flnanclal eecretary, F.
R., Brown; business agent, W. S. Dagnall. Room 216. ••".». w
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Inn Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vaneoaver Lodge No. 194—
Meete first and third Mondaya, 8 p. m.
Preeldent, A Campbell, TS Seventeenth avenue west; aeeretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe
atreet.
COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES
Union—Meeta Srat Friday in eaeh
month, 8:80 p. m., Labor Temple. A. Ore-
ham, bualneaa representative. Ofiee: Room
208, Labor Temple. Hours: 8:80 a. m. to
10; 2 to 6 p. m. Competent help furnished
on short notice.   Phone Seymour 8414.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. Sit
meets mom 206, Labor Temple every
Monday, 8 p.m. Preeldent, D. W. Mclbougslf.
1102 Powell etreet; recording aeeretary,
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; Inanclal secretary and business agent, E, H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE Or
_ NORTH AMERICA.—Vanoouver and
vicinity. Branch meeta let and Srd Fridays at Labor Temple, room 90S, H. Night-
assise, preeldent, ate Fifty-sixth ansae
eaet; Joa. 0. Lyon, Inanelal aeeretary, 1791
Orant atreet; J. Campbell, recording aeeretary, 4881. Argyle Btreet
STREET AND ELEOTRIO BAILWAY EM-
PLOYEES, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, seeond and fourth Wednesdaya at 2:80 and 8 p. m. President, Jos.
Hobble; reeordlng aeeretary, Jaa. I. Orlfla;
166, Twenty-flfth avenue out; flaanelal see-
EeJrS£!,,'-,f,,'i Speto"* eient, Fred. A. Hoover,
2409 Clarh Drive.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION Of
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meetings
held flrat Tuesday la eaeh month, I p. a.
Preeldent, Francis Williams; vice-president.
Hiss H. Outterldge; reeordlng aee, 0. Ms-
Donald, Box 508; flnanolal aeeretary, K.
Paterson, P. 0. Box 508.
TYPOORAPHIOAL UNION, NO. 226—
Meets laat Sunday of eaeh moath at I
p.m. Preaident, R. Farm. Pettlplece; vice-
'resident, W. A Metsger: secretarr-troaour-w
R. H. Neelanda. P. 0. Box 66.
PBOVINOIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets
In annual eonvention In January. Exeo*
atlve oBeera, 1916*16: President, A, Watchman; vlce-presldenta—Vancouver, W. F.
Dunn, J. H, McVety; Victoria, B. Simmons;
New Woatmlneter, W. Ystes; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Denning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; District 28, C. M. W. of A. (Vaneoaver Island),
8. Outhrle; District 18, U. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Nest Valley), A. J. Carter; secre-
tary-treesarer, A S. Wells, P. 0. box 1691,
Victoria, B. 0.
VICTORIA, ». C.
VIOTOBIA TRADES AND LABOR OOUN-
, ' OIL-Meeti flnt and third Wednesday.
Labor ball, 1494 Oovernment street, at i
fc S*.1pr,ttdw"j A* J; Wells; secretary, F.
Holdrldge, Box 809, Victoria, B. 0.
NEW WESTMINSTER
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAOUI
of America. local 784, New Westminster,
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameson. Box .498.
OBOAWEBP LABOB COMPANIES.
LABOR  TEMPLE   COMPANY, LIMITED—
Dlrecton: Jaa. Brown, preaident; R. P.
Pettlpleoe, vice-president; Edward Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Oeo. Wllby, W. J. Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free.
Managing director and aeeretery.treasurer, J.
H. MeVety, room 211, Labor Temple.
B. 0. FEDERATIONIST, LIMITED—Meets
st call of preeldent. Labor Temple, Van-
couver, B. 0. Directors: James Campbell,
president; J. H. McVety, sooreterrtreasurer;
A. Watchman, A. 8. Wells. R. Parm. Pettlplece, manager, 217 Labor Temple. Tele*
phone:   Soymonr 7491.
T. B. CUTHBERTSON A Oo.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
Union ^*   -™
MADE
Deer,
_ » Of America     _
CtmUHT 8TM0I Hwt.nwTt.so isoa
Vote afalnit prohibition I Demand par*
tonal liberty In ohooilni what you will drink.
Aik for thla Labal whan porehaatng Baa*
Ala or Portar, aa a narantaa that It la Union Mala. Illi la Oar Labal wtr
■™^™e
FBIDAY DECEMBEB 3, 1915
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THREE
REAL SHOE ECONOMY it provided when the shoes
actually withstand every demand made upon them
over a fixed period of time. The only kind which give
service are those which are HONESTLY built of HONEST
leather by experienced manufacturers.
The reason for the success of LECKIE SHOES is because
these essentials exist in LECKIE SHOES—there is absolutely
no "experiment"
Some shoes are made merely to sell at a low price, They may
look as good as a LECKIE. But LECKIE SHOES are made
to give SATISFACTION and WEAR. A LECKIE SHOE
will be worn long after the other kind is forgotten.
That's real shoe economy—the only kind you can afford.
"AT LEADING SHOE DEALERS EVERYWHERE."
1
I!
[{zm&msHMwi}
II
r&sfi
VWCiRKERS UNION/
iNon-
UNIO^TAMPl
Jidory
Named Shoes are frequently made ia
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no matter what Its name, unless lt hears a
plain sail readable Impression or this stamp.
AU shoes without tbt Union Stamp sre
slwaye Non-Union.
■OOT A (HOE WORKERS' UNION
146 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobln, Pres.   0. h. Blaine, Seo.-Treaa.
Telephone 895
E. G. McBRIDE
Wholesale, retail and family trade
WINES AND SPIKITB
Corner Beghla aad Front Streets
HEW WESTMINSTER, B, 0.
ASK FOR
B. C. Special
RYE
Whisky
Nine Years in Wood
UNSURPASSED
IN QUALITY
AND FLAVOR
Established 1903
An Interval of
Keen Enjoyment
Is that when you can put aside
your work for a time, forget
that there even is such a thing
and sip the goodness from a
glass filled with sparkling
_\        PREMIER BEER
Beally we believe thereis no other beverage that you can partake of with
so great a relish.
PREMIER BEER
Is a boon to the man who works.   The human body, being simply a machine, must be kept in good repair for best results,
PREMIER BEER
nourishes, tones and strengthens, because of the barley malt and hops it
contains.
Westminster Brewery
A. E. SUCKLING & CO.
VANCOUVER DISTRIBUTORS
THE LABOR PRESS
IS A VALUABLE
A. F. of L. Executive Says
It Should Be Well
Supported
Has to Face Many Foes and
Other Innumerable
Obstacles
Your Xmas Beer
PURITY QUALITY FLAVOR
That's where
It can't be< otherwise.  Made carefully by
is pre-eminent
Canadian Union Workmen.
From tlie choicest materials, in the most modem and up-to-dato plant on
the Pacific Coast. Its sales exceed by thousands of bottles the sale of
any other brand in the province of British Columbia. Do you km<w-
WHY 1   Just try It.   Speaks for itself.   At all dealers.
Six pints for SOc      Three quarts for 50c
Vancouver Breweries Limited
TWENTY-FIVE YEABS AGO
Trades and Labor Council.
Friday, Dec. 5, 1890
Unquestionably the newspaper is the
chief literature of Americans, In form,
In method and in spirit it is adapted to
the needs of the titnos. The paper habit
has become so firmly established as a
national custom that every cause must
have the means of publicity. It is the
only way to get the news quickly and
surely to those who must be reached.
The policy of the paper depends usually
upon the motives in the managing room.
The ordinary daily paper is published
for profit. Thero may be ideals in the
editorial room and scattered among the
reporters but these may be checkmated
at any time by the decisions, from the
managing room based upon the balance
sheet,
..These conditions mean that the cause
of the people is often neglected to make
room for the special interests of those
who can afford to pay. They mean-that
news will be edited, suppressed, perverted—for those who will pay. The cause
of the toilers, the wronged of humanity,
falls to secure space if its publication
affects profits.
These conditions made labor papers
necessary, and they have struggled
against tremendous obstacles—hampered by lack of appreciation, friends, facilities and opportunities.
Each year brings Increases in the
power and the number of the labor papers of the land1. They are tremendous
dynamic forces giving publicity to the
cause of human welfare and the struggle
of the workers for justice and a better
life. They herald abroad the news of
labor—the ideals that touch the things
of daily life and make them to glow
with the glory of humanity. They tell
the facts of the workers' lives and of
the struggles for a better life.
Usually in a secluded office, work the
labor editors who dedicate their lives
to the cause of publicity for labor.
Their reward has been frequently but a
meagre living and the satisfaction of a
great work done. The labor movement
stands for fair wages—an ideal that
must be extended to labor editors. Yet,
on the other hand, great care must be
exercised lest the power that comes
through a labor paper should fall into
the hands o'f those unfit to use it. La*
bor papers must.be kept clean, free
from outside or political partisan domination.'
The labor papers by bringing about
understanding of conditions are a powerful element in helping to unify and
give direction to the labor movement.
They journey through the length and
breadth of the land, entering into the
mental life of each reader, expanding in
some way his thought, and consequently his nets. They are an incalculable
power in the labor movement and ought
to be supported financially and morally
by all the workers, and those who genuinely sympathize with the great cnuBe
of labor.
Trades and Labor council held special
meeting in Union hall, Thompson-Ogle
block. I
Among those present were: President I
Oeo. Irvine, Wm. Towler, B. H. Short,
Geo. Walker, H. Wilson, Duncan Mc-
Rae, Thos. Hallam, Pat Cody, H. Cowan.
A discussion took place on- the desirability of memoralizing the present city
couneil, so as to arrive at a distinct
understanding with that body on the
nine-hour day on civic contracts; but it
was thought that as the new council
would assume offlce in a few weeks, it
had better stand over for the present.
Mr. Heaps, of the Granville street
sash and blind factory, will commence
the manufacture of sashes, doors, etc.,
by piece-work on Monday, Mr. Heaps'
proposed plan met with the heartiest
condemnation of the trades council.
J. A. FULTON, Secretary.
Control of the Press Is Used
to Influence German
Elections
Popular Rights Suspended
for the Benefit of the
Reactionary
Barbers' Organlaer Was Busy.
f~ Our Vancouver, Westminster and
other coast locals were visited by fourth
Vice-President Bro. H. Halford., while
attending the Trados and Labor Congress of Canada's convention. The
western membership was pleased at Bro,
Halford's visit and loudly praised the
men of our Canadian movement.—The
Barber.
If there ia not an abundant supply of
union made and labelled clothing, hats,
boots, underwear, ties, etc., in your city
—what are you doing to encourage the
merchants to put them in! ***
Salesman—Let me show you our latest machine. We have a motor car that
can climb any hill on earth.
Customer—That's nothing. The last
ona you sold me tried to climb a tree.
How strange it is that only sensible,
folks agree with ns.
Atk for Ubor Tomplo   'Phono  Exchange.
Seymour .7490   (nnlott  ottierwtM  stttod).
Bricklayers—-Wm.  S.  Dagnall,  Room 215.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Boom 304;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Workers (outside)—E. H. .Morrison, Room 207.
Engineers (steam)—Room 216; E. Prender-
gast.
Halibut Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear*
ley, 487 Gore avenne. Office phone, Soymonr 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen'a Association—G. J, Kelly; 10
Powell Street; phone Sey. 6859.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 305.
Sailors—W. S. Bnrns, 213 Hastings street
west.    Sey.  8708.
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union.    Phone Sey. 508.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands. Room 206.
Miners' Convention January.
The biennial convention of the United
Mine Workers haB been called to meet
in Indianapolis the third Tuesday in
January. As the wage scnles in both
the anthracite and bituminous districts
expire this spring, the interests of S00,-
000 men will have to be given attention
and there will be plenty of excitement
to suit the most exacting.
COMPENSATION IN WASHINGTON
Under New Insurance Act Accidents
Far Less Numerous.
Industrial accidents in the state of
Washington during the last year-caused
a time loss of 7359 work days. Although this figure is tremendous, it represents a mnrked decrease from the
accident results of the previous year,
which caused aggregate time losses of
12,912 work years. During the last
yonr there wero less accidents and the
percentage of fatal accidents was less.
During the flrst year under the Industrial insurance act, accidents attributed
to lack of safeguarding comprised 6.4
per cent, of the total number. During
the Inst year such accidents comprised
only 1.3 per cent, of the total number.
The ' industrial insurance commission
gives the labor commissioner and his
corps of factory inspectors credit for
this reduction.
SEND IN THE NEWS
Send In the newsl Every union In
the city and province should havo a
press correspondent. Tou want news
of your union to appear in your paper.
Thon see that someone is especially appointed to send It in. And see that it
reaches this office on time. All local
news must be in not later than Thursday morning, if it is to appear the same
week.' Address all news matter to Editor B. C. Federatlonist, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C. ***
IS TOUE NAME ON
THE VOTERS'
LIST?
A municipal, ft provlnolal and ft federal
eleotlon will take place during the next few
months. Unless TOU are classified with the
Indians, lunatics and propertylcss women,, register at once. So It now or hold your peace
on eleotlon dayt
PANTAGES
Un.quallad V.udevllls  Means
PANTAOE8  VAUDIVILLI
THRM SHOWS DAILY
tM, 7.80, 9.15    Season's  Prlees:
Matinee, 11c.| Evenings, lit,, Me.
ARGUE!
delumeAGofc
aoco.
BUSINESS AQINT  DIRICTORV
TRADE UNION  DIRECTORY
Allied Printing Trades Council—R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Barbers—S. H. Orant, 1801 Tth Avenuo W,
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424,
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, View Hill
P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1886 Thirty
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1111 How* St
Brewery Workers—Chaa. G. Austin, 783 7th
Ave. Eut.
Bricklayers—William S, Dagnall, Room 216,
Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters Dlstriot Council—F. L. Baratt, Boom 208, Labor Temple.
Cigarmakers—W. H. McQueen, care Kurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 304, Labor Tomplo.
Electrical Workors (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple,
Electrical Workers (inside)— F. L. Estlng-
ha   uBon, Room 207.
Engineers—K. PrendergaBt, Room 216, La*
bor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Hotel.
Garment Workers—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Halibut Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley,
487 Gore avenue.
Horseshoers—Lobnr Temple.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, District     68.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Locomotive Firemen and Engineers—O. Howard, Port Coquitlam.
Local Engineers—L. T. Solloway, 1157 Har-
wood.   Tel. Soy. 1848R.
Longshoremen—J, G* Kelly, 10 Powell Street
Machinists—J. H. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Temple.
Milk Drivers—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805, Labor
Temple.
Holders-
Moving Pictnre Operators—L. E. Goodman,
Labor Temple.
Painters—Geo. Weston, Room 808, Labor
Temple,
Plumbers — Room 206%, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—John James Cornish, 1809 Eleventh avenne East.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 4860 Argyle
Street.
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, care Columbia Hotel,
Railroad Trainmen—A. E. McCorvlllo. Box
248.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb, 430 Nelson
Street.
Seamen's Union—W, B, Burns, P. O, Box
1365.
Structural Iron Workers—Room 208, Labor
Temple.
Stonecutters—James Raybnrn, P. 0, Box
1866.
Sheet Metal Workers—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Street Railway Employees—James E. Griffin,
166 Twenty-flfth avenue east.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province,
City.
Telegraphers—R B. Peppin, Box iti.
Trades and Labor Council—Oeo. Bartley,
Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands. Boi 61.
Tailors—C. McDonald, Box B08.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Goo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenue east.
SYNOPSIS   OF   OOAL   BONING  REGULATIONS.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terlrtory, the Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 2,660 acres will be leased to one
applicant.
Applications for lease must be made by the
applicant in person to the Anne or Sub-Agent
of the district in which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and In nnsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall bo staked by the applicant himself.
Eaeh application most bo accompanied by
• fee of |5, whloh wtll be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of Ave cents per ton.
The person operating tbe mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
eaa) mined and pay the royalty thereon.   If
Ights
the coal mining rights are not b'alng'operatcd,
snch returns should be furnished at least once
a yf ar.
The lease will Include ths eoal mining
rights only, bnt the lessee may bo permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rato or §10 an acre.
For full Information application shonld b.
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
_.,„,,      W. H. CORY.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this ad-
vertlsement will not be paid for—80690
IJ
Vorwaerts, tbe socialist daily of Berlin, Germany, in its issue of Oct. 26.
vigorously^objects to tho secret political
newspaper service wbich tbe Prussian
government', in violation of the pledged
party truce, is establishing by the help
of the provincial and county governments for tho purpose of influencing the
next national elections.
"It is evident," writes thiB paper,
"that an extensive and efficient apparatus has been at work for a long time to
shape political opinions. ThiB influence
has been and is still being exerted according to Prussian police standards.
"The minister of police has instructed his provincial governors, county prefects and local heads to hire a staff of
able newspaper men and to get busy on
the job of steering the elections In the
direction agreeable to the heart of the
department chief.
"The working class is prevented
from expressing its wishes in "Such matters as the right of assembly, the right
of organization, the reform of election
laws, the handling of taxation, the extension of social legislation. But the
minister has not instructed his satellites
to introduce any new ideas into politics.
On tbe contrary, the older, the better.''
TOEONTO ELECTRICIANS LOSE
Hydro Electric Commission Strike Is
Called Off By Union.
Toronto electricians, after their offer
of a compromise had been turned down
by the Hydro-Electric commission,
which absolutely refused to make even
the slightest concession, the Electrical
Workers voted to call off their strike
and allow their members to return to
work on the terms offered by the commission, which were less liberal even
than those embodied in the minority
report submitted by its own special representative on the board of Investigation and conciliation.
Makes a Precedent.
This is the first time on record tbat a
municipally controlled publie utility hns
seen Ht to absolutely reject an award
of this nature handed down by a duly
authorized board of investigation and
conciliation appointed by tbe Dominion
government under the Industrial Disputes act.
This ends another chapter in the
drama, but does not by any means complete the volume. Publie opinion bas
generally not been in faVor of tbe overbearing policy of tbe commission, whosp
manager receives the princely wage of1
$40 for overy working day in the year,
the year.
WOMEN AND THE WAB
Ever Widening Scope of Female Employment,
Another occupation opened up to women by the enlistment of men is that
of electrician. Miss May Trail a girl
of twenty, is now tbe electrician of
Studley Horticultural college, where
she Ib in full charge of a fifty h. p. gas
engine and suction gas plant, driving
two dynamos.   Votes for women.
Tbe flrst British woman diplomat hns
recently been appointed in Miss Pears-
ley Smith, a well-known suffragist, who
haB been appointed secretary to tho British legation at Christiana. Wonder if
tbis appointment would have been made
if the women of Norway were not the
political equals of ment Votes for women.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
A woman 'a face may be her fortune,
but men usually get by on their nerve.
Ten Snb. Cards for $10.
Ten yearly Fed. sub. cards for $10. j
Pay as sold.  Order ten at once and help
to push tbe Fed's, circulation.
PLANT YOUB ROSES
AND PEONIES NOW
This month and next are the
bi-Kt in tho year to plant Roses
and Peonies.
We carry a large atock always on hand—hardy ones that
actually grow and flourish. We
keep thom In the best condition. They are hardy and always thrive. They are kept In
the fcruund. Come In and let
us tell you about the difference in bulbs and planta—
whero thoy differ and tbe proper conditions under which they
ahould be planted and tended.
Our facilities for taking the
proper csro of plants, seeds and
bulbs are splendid.
RITCHIE'S
510 Qranvllle Street
Just Above Bobson
Vancouver, B. 0.
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Offlce and Chapel,
1034 Oranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3486.
North Vancouver — Office and
Chanel, 122—Sixth SL West, Phone
134.
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOROIA STRUT
One Blook weet of Court Houie.
tin of Modern chapel and
Funeral   Parlors  free   to  all
Patrone
Telephone Seymour M26
1
, DAVID SPENCER, LTB.
Stanfield's Underwear I
For Men
Thia underwear is the best value we know today of whieh we ean
give our eustomen a complete selection.   Our English lines have so ter
failed to put in an appearanee, and we do not expect they will owing to
the war.   Bo there is every reason why a man should turn tot Stanfield's .
and be well satisfied with it
FOB f 1.26 A OAEMENT—Medium weight, unshrinkable wool underwear
in Hne elastic rib finish.
Two heavier weights in the same finish at 11.60 and |1.75 per garment
COMBINATIONS are available in all three weights at twice the price ef
single garments.
Please note that these are prices of a year ago.
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCER, LTO.
T
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
Furniture^?
Bur Term  aat  tteet*
treatment, al war time pricei.
Hastings Furniture Co.. Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
IT \J 1 II L-  New — Modern — Fireproof
T   /^TTTC    C0R" ABB0TT AND PBNM.R sts
JLrlS lUO   VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under the management of W. V. MOEAN
Beam with detached bath 11.00 per dsjr Dp
Boom with private bath. 11.50 per dtjr up
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Our electric motor bno meete ell boats and trelni free
LOTUS GRILL—Open Continuously
FBOM 1 a.m. to MIDNIGHT
Music from 0.80 to 8.80 and 10 to midnight*
Phone Seymour 8880
New Electric Auto Bu Meets all Beats and Trains Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Most
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ;  100 with Private Baths
EUBOPEAN PLAN, $1.00 per Day np.
OOB. DTOSMUIB lad BIOHABDB 8TBBET8
FREE!  FREE!  FREE!
All the wrappers of BOTAL OBOWN SOAP and BOTAL OBOWN PBO-
DtJOTS exchanged for beautiful presents
SEE OUR CHRISTMAS DISPLAY
Call whether you have coupons or not.
Special offers for Christmas and the New Year, contained in oar new
Premium Bulletin just issued. Write for catalogue of premiums and
special offers.
Fancy teapots, Nippon hand-painted china ware, cut glass, 100 styles
and shapes of aluminum utensils, ladies' hand bags, music rolls, purses,
etc., and an elegant display of beautiful dolls, toys, games, etc., eto.
You can save money by saving your coupons off Boyal Crown Soap,
Royal Crown Washing Powdor, Royal Crown Naptha, Boyal Crows
Cleanser, Boyal Crown Lye.
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
You Can Save Money
BT U8INO
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 If 25 Cents
THIS IS HOW IT WOBKS OUT
82 Bide, at 32 Bide, on yonr saving On
A 8 Cent Far. Tango Tiehet. „ inv„tlIlent
$1.60    $1.00      60c
Tango Tickets Are Now OnJfoje
They are sold by conductors on tbe can, at the B.O. Electric Baltarooms.
Oarrall and Hastings streets and 1138 Granville street; the Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastlngi and Oarrall streeta and south end of
Qranvllle street bridge; Depotmaster's Offlce at Main and Prior streets*
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenne, and at the
places of business of the following firms throughout the dty:
BASTINGS STREET—
Woodinrd'i   Dept.   Stores    (Drag
D«pt.) Abbott Btreet Comer,
Spencer's Dspt   Ston   (Cashier's
offlee,  Information  Bureau ud El*
«binge Disks),  near Richards,
rood's Pharmacy—Seymour Street
eorner.
Campbell's Phanrscj — Granville
Street eorner.
Owl Dngston—Main Street corner.
Harrison's Drag Store—Nesr Car*
rail street
sum STREET—
Browne    ft    Beaton,     DranliW,
Pender atreet eorner.
lew's   Dragster* — Harris stnet
eorner.
CORDOVA STREET—
Owl    Drugstore — Abbott stnet
eorner
POWELL STREET—
Owl   Dngston — Dunlevy stnet
eorner.
DEKKAV. STREET—
(English Bay)
Torrence Dngston •
eorner.
• Dsvle street
ORANVOLB  STREET—
Hudson'a Bay Oo. All departments
Georgia street eorner.
Gordon Dnrsdale's (Notion    Oow
ter) near Dunsmuir,
Owl Drugitore — Dunsmuir stnet.
Harrison's    Dngston —    Robson
street corner.
Browns * Beaton, dnggtats, Davit
street eorner.
Pill Boa Dngston — Kelson stnet
corner
Law's Dngston — Darts   etreet
eorner
Harrison's     Dngston — Panda?
atreet eorner.
PA1BVIEW—
Harrison's   Dngston — Oranvllle
street end  Berentb anna*.
MOUNT PLEASANT—
Law's Dngston — Near Broadwer
ORANDVXBW—
Campbell's Dngston — Broadwer
and Commercial DriTt.
STANLEY PARK—
Mitchell's Confectionery— Georgia
straet entrance.
B.C. ELECTRIC
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St
Near Davie PAGE POUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY DECEMBER 3, 1915
Buy Furniture on Our
Easy-to-Pay Plan
You will find it a pleasure to buy house furnishings on our
easy payment plan. Our methods are upright and our prices
fair.
BEDROOM SUITES
In quartered oak, mahogany and satin walnut finish, for this
week only $75 suite, $25 cash, balance $10.50 month. See them
on display in the furniture department.   The suite comprises:
Pull size bed, any-finish, with 2-inoh continuous posts, full
size all-felt mattress covered with fine art ticking; full size
double weave spring with cable supports; dresser with two
long and two short drawers and large plate mirror, chiffonier
to match. Choice of the three suites this week for $75.00
MQh^udsonsBai} Company, m
__..__\      -_■ iMMMRMte   uta     ntaam a satmtHt, ttaatt *twminnim> ( ^ay
E IN STATE
OF
Data Up to the Present Provides Facts to Interest
Every One
Suggest that In the Main
Women Have Made
Some Gains
Granville and Georgia Streets
<I If what you buy here does not
please you—you won't come again.
fl That is why we have Semi-ready
Clothes—they bring you back
again and again as the seasons
follow.
4 Semi-ready Tailoring means
good clothes and a perfect fit-
always the best, better than the
rest. $15, $18 and up, according
to wool quality.
•fcrmt-ttafcg Mitring
THOMAS & McBAIN
':    655* GRANVILLE STREET -
J.D. McNEIL
Mayoralty Candidate
Solicits Your Vote
and Infuence
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
•. Hlgh-elass and painless dentistry at very moderate prices, wblch anyone can afford—
Oold Crowns, 22k  14.00
Oold Bridgework, per tooth H00
Perfect Fitting Plates, each (6,00
Porcelain fillings, each 11.00
Amalgam fillings, each... 11.00
_■ Teeth extracted free of pain.
AU work guaranteed for TEN YEAR8.
EXAMINATIONS AND ESTIMATES GIVEN FREE
- Offlce open every evening from 7 to 8 p.m.
Dr. BRETT ANDERSON
Phone Seymour SSS1 Offlce:   101 Bank of Ottawa Building
The
Home Guard
f
Ogilvie'8
means (
Economy
means __\-&
IS YOUB NAME OK
THE VOTERS' LIST?
A municipal, a provincial and a federal
election will take plrtco during the next few
■mint hit. Unloai YOU are classified wltb the
Indians, lunatics and propertyleis women,, ro*
glster at onee, Do it now or hold your poaco
on election day!
^tE^T?^-*-
Ogilvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
In Bulletin 17(1 of^ho United States
bureau of labor Btutmics, just issuod,
in presented an interesting study of the
effect o| minimum wage determinations
in Oregon, as shown by a comparison
of the records of 40 department, dry
goods, 5 and 10 cent, specialty, and
neighborhood stores for the two spring
months, March and April, in 1013, and
the samo two months in 1014—periods
ending live months before and beginning flvo months aftor the date on
which the first minimum wage determi
nations went into effect and at the same
time nearly one month after the date on
which the last retail store determina
tions took effect.
Data from Store Records.
These stores employed in the selected
period before the determinations went
into effect 1930 women and girls, and
974 men; and in the period aftor the
determinations went into effect 1042
women and girls nnd 902 men. All records were copied from store books by
agents of the bureau. In addition 443
women were personally visited, and
record was obtained, showing their age,
experience, place of employment, occupation, rate of pay, earnings and hours
of work, before and after the minimum
wage determinations.
Minimum Awards Raised,
The first of the Oregon awards fixed
a minimum of $1,00 a day for girls under 18, and took offect October 4, 1913;
the second taking effect November 23.
1913, fixed a minimum of $0,25 a week
for experienced adult women in Portland; and two taking effect February 7,
1014, fixed a minimum of $8.25 a week
for experienced adult women outside of
Fortlnnd, and of $6.00 a week for inexperienced adult women throughout the
state.
Women's Wages Increased,
Since the awards came into effect the
rates of pay for women as a whole havo
increased, but the wages of the three
groups (girls under 18, adult inexperienced women, and adult experienced
women) have been differently affected,
Oirls under 18 wore benefited, the proportion receiving under $6.00 a week
decreasing from 2(1 per cent, before the
determinations to less than 1 per cent.
after the determinations; the proportion getting $6 a week was 53 per cent,
before and 70 per cent, after the determinations, while the proportion getting
more than $8 wns practically tlie same
both before and after. In the period
before the determinations the average
rate for the whole group under 18 wns
$5.03 while afterwards it was $6.24.
Unskilled Wages Decreased.
For adult inexperienced women the
resnlts wero not so favorable The average rate per week decroased. slightly,
falling from $0.88 to $6.84. Before tho
determinations 50 per cent, and after
the determinations only 50 per cent, of
this group received more than $8* Tho
old employees did not suffer a reduction
of wages but the plnco of a $28 or a $30
a month girl was filled by a $20 girl.
Skilled Women Benefit.
For adult experienced women the
wage determination brought an improvement of conditions. Thero was an
incrooso not only in the proportion receiving $9.25 a weok (the legal minimum in Portland) but also in tho proportion receiving more than $9.25, The
proportion of tho forco getting $12 and
over a wook also increased, although
the actual number decreased. The average weekly rate of pay for the whole
group in Portland was $11.74 before
and $11.97 after the determinations.
Somo experienced women in Portland
were still receiving rates below the
minimum to which determinations entitled them, but tho number receiving
these lower rates had decreased under
the determinations from 344 to 102.
Raise to Aggregate,
Thus tho net result seems to be an
advance for the women as a whole.
There hns been no levelling down of
wages to a minimum. Some women
upon reinstatement after an ab
were compelled to accept only tho rate
to which thoy were legally entitled, although it was lower than thoy recoived
during their oarltor service, but when
ever the wage rates of old employees
have beon changed sinco the minimum
wage rulings, the employees were benefited.
Summarizing Results.
In studying the effect of tho fixing of
minimum wage rates, it should bo borne
in mind that regardless of minimum
wage determinations there are constant
changes in business organizations from
year to year which have a material
bearing upon the opportunities and conditions of employment. In tho period
considered a general business depression
was felt by Portland mercantile establishments which, complicated somewhat
the problem of determining the effect
of tho minimum wago. The effect of
this.depression was to reduce the numbers employed, and this reduction affected men as well as women, though
to a less degree, as the non-selling male
force is not as adjustable as the non-
selling female force. Tho wage determinations have not put men in positions
vacated by women. All the changes
arising from decroased business, reorganization of departments, and increased rates of pay resulted in an increase
in the female labor cost and also in tho
total labor cost of 3 mills por dollar of
sales.
SOUND BANKING
Notwithstanding the War Molsons Bank
Li Stronger Than Ever.
Under existing conditions, it could
not be expected that the earnings of
The Molsons Bank, whose annual statement for tho year ending Oct. 31st,
1915, was presented to the shareholders
at their annual meeting, a fow days ago,
would have beon as largo as those in
previous years. Yet the net profits of
the bank for the year ending September
30th, 1915, were 13.9% on its capital,
bo that after paying the usual dividend
of 11%, a comfortable balance was
carried forward. Last year (1914) the
earnings were 15,2%, and the previous
year (1913) 17.4%. The interest-bearing deposits last year exceeded that of
the two previous years by over $2,500,-
000. Liquid assets show a considerable
increase amounting to 41% of the liabilities to the public, as against 30% less
than a year ago. Tho Molsons' statement is of special interest, it boing the
first chartered bank to report a full
year's business under war conditions,
and the showing made will, under the
circumstances, afford considerable satisfaction to the public, as well as to the
shareholders of the bank. **"
JAWN DEE'S OWN UNION
What One American Newspaper Thinks
x Of It.
The "plan" of Mr. John D. Rockefeller, jr., to bring tho millennium in tho
coal fields of Colorado is now being
voted on by the miners. It is a nice,
pretty, decorous plan, whieh provides
for tho settlement of all unimportant
questions by joint conferences between
representatives of tho employees and
representatives of the company. What
these conferences amount to may be
judged by a glance at their selection
and authority.
The employees elect thoir representatives at' raeotings called by tho president of the company. Presumably, if
he doesn't call a meeting, no such election can be held. Also, undor certain
circumstances, easy to bring about, tho
president of the company may inspect
the so-called "secret" ballots cast at
this meeting. Also, by reason of their
powor to hire, discharge nnd lay off
men, the company can dotormine who
shall and who shall not vote at the
mooting. Also—but what need of more?
Under the Rockefoller pjpn, the company is autocrat. The Journal believes
]\lr. Rockefeller would prefer to bo
benevolent autocrat, but that is not the
question. All history, industrial as well
as political, shows that autocracy never
snfegunrds tho rights nnd well being of
thoso subject to its sway.—Chicago
Daily Journal.
SCIENCE STUDIES
CAUSES OF I
EOF
I WAR
Make Prophesies Regarding
the Various Countries
Now at War
Each Likely to Briijg Forth
Very Many Different
Manifestations
Former U. S. socialist congressman V.
Berger has made some predictions concerning the courso of events in the war-
stricken nations of Europe that are interesting. ' Mr. Berger is editor of one
of the few newspapers that is disposed
to take the side of labor on all questions, and his utterances and writings
are of particular interest to the workers. Herewith are presented, briefly,
his prophesifi:
For Russia.
A bloody revolution, no matter what
happens. Until the country gets a semi-
constitutional monarchy there will be
murder and bloodshed.
For England.
The working class will not be satisfied to keep on slaving for an arrogant
nristocracy and plutocracy. This does
not by necessity mean a bloody revolution.' It may simply mean a decade of
stormy and violent evolution.
For France.
Tho clerical clique is even accused of
having a king in the background. I
can seo stormy days ahead for Franco
right after the wnr.
For Italy.
Tha masses will severely punish the
monarchy for yielding to the mob spirit
for war.
For Germany.
The outcome in Germany will depend
on the wisdom of a ruling class that has
very little wisdom.
Already Prophecy Bloodshed,
Next April tho working agreements
between miners and operators in the anthracite and bituminous coal fields of
five eastern states will simultaneously
expire. Strengthened by the cessation
of immigration, the withdrawal of many
foreign laborers, and the general demand for labor the unions wilt probably
demand an eight-hour day, an increase
in wages, and a more advantageous
method of sottling disputes. The operators will not readily concede theso
points, and there will bo a strike. The
spokesmen of the employers are already
taking it for granted that thero will be
bloodshed.—San Francisco Bulletin.
Most Born Defective and
Made Worse By Their
Surroundings
B.C. VINEGAR WORKS
Factory: 1366-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 285
Est. 1904 Vanoouver, B, O.
Ignorance  of  Criminalogy
Responsible for a Lot
of Injustice
The subject of crime and criminals
hns beon ono that for many years has
engaged tho serious thought of earnest
and hi him're students of social phenomena. Various reasons and explanations havo boen offered by eminent
alienists and scientists, which, in tho
last analysis, may be summed up into
two well-defined schools of thought.
The Two Attitudes,
Aside from tho theologicnl interpretation, which attributes   crime   to   s
bad n ess" of tho heart, tho two
schools may bo described as consisting
of those who insist that' economic environment is tho solo cause of crime
and thoso who, while recognizing the
important rolo played by environment
ih the make-up of the individual, yet
find contributory causes that largely
enter into the study of the psychology
«f crime i.nd criminals.
Science Studies the Criminal.
It was the Italian, Professor Enrico
Ferrl, who,,in a recent work entitled
"The Positive School of Criminalogy,"
analyzed the scientific basis of crime,
and declnred that criminals aro to be
considered largely diseased individuals
who should bo given medical and surgical troatment largely the same as other
diseased people. This idea, of course,
does not preclude the fact that both environment and heredity are great and
contributory factors in the making of
criminals.
Gaining Recognition.
It would seem that this "positive"
school so ably championed by Professor
Ferri, is now recognized by eminent
scientists and students, *ui woll as those
who, through practical contact as officials of penal institutions, are in a position to intelligently pass judgment'. In
various states experiments have boen
conducted with a view of applying
scientific methods in tho treatment of
criminals, which, undoubtedly, will result in tho correction of abuses founded
upon ignorance nnd injustice.
All this Mammon Gospel of Supply
and Demand, Competition, Laissez-faire,
nnd Devil-tako-tho-hindmost, bogins to
be one of tho shabbiest Gospels ever
preached.
November Building Permits.
During laBt month Vancouver city
issued 32 building permit's, valued at
$13,800. Last year for November the
number wns 49, valued at $1,584,475.
The principle part of that represented
tho new government olevator.
Oar Shop SheU Factory.
Tho B. C. Electric Railway company
car building plant nt New Westminster
has boen leased by tho company to
Messrs. Webb & Gilford.
Machinery is boing laid down for the
manufacture of shells. A contract for
75,000 3-inch shells has beon signed up,
and the work is expected to givo employment to 150 men.
Very Simple, Too,
Old Salt—"Yus, lady, that's how
they do it. A torpedo boat sees a submarine a basking. A mnn ;ops over-
bonrd with a spanner in his tooth, undoes tho rudder, raps on the sides,
wakes tho crow. Thoy 'ops off at speed,
'Aving no rudder, round and round they
goes. All of 'em gets giddy and—thank
yer very much, mum."
Substance and Shadow.    .
It is not by tho wax and parchment
of lawyers that the independence of
man can be preserved. Such things are
the mere externals; they set off liberty
to advantage; they are as its dress and
paraphernalia, it's holiday suit in times
of peace and quiet.
But,-when the ovil days set in, when
the invasions of despotism havo begun,
liberty will be retained, not by those
who can show the oldest deeds and the
largest charters, but by those who have
been most inured to habits of independence, most accustomed to think and
net for themselves, and most regardless
of thot insidious protection which the
upper classes havo always beon so ready
to bestow, that in many countries thoy
have now loft nothing worth the trouble
to protect.—T. Buckle, "History of
Civilization in England."
Surely Not a Lahor Paper Editor?
I'm vory fond of exorcise,
I'm getting much too fat,
And I would take some oxcrciBO
If it wore not for thnt.
h —Canadian Courier.
Wife (nt 1 a.m., angrily)—Don't try
any ovnsion with me, sir. Whore havo
you beonf
Hub—My dear, what's use? If I
nnsh'er your ques'hn, you'll ques Tin
my anBh'er.
The invisible submnrino and the invisible aeroplane aro the latest triumphs of naval and military science.
The tragedy is that nobody seems able
to invent an invisible soldior.
Charity may cover a multitude of sins,
But it doesn 't cover the sins of tho multitude.
if
$12.00, $15.00
or $18.00
Is your limit for
A NEW SUIT
see what wo hnve to offer.
Good Variety, New Styles
PEABODY'S OVERALLS
UNION MADE
W.& J. WILSON
The Mon 'a Clothing Contro
1217-1219-1221    Government   St.
ud Trounce Avenue
VICTORIA
CARO
A LIQUID FOOD
IN 16 OUNCE BOTTLES
i
$1
.00
Sells in the usual way
at $1.75 a bottle, now
—make a delicious and nutricious hot drink for cold weather. Keeps out
the cold, and builds up strength, and is pronounced by connoisseurs to
be unequalled as to tfavor, taste and nutriment. Always ready—simply put a teaspoonf ul in a cup Or glass, and add hot water, and salt and
pepper to taste.
—All high-class restaurants and hotels sell it. Eor sale in our Grocery
department.
Per bottle, $1.00; regular $1.75 value
jKfieBudsorfs Bern (fonram^K
GRANVILLE and GEORGIA STREETS
-SOME— ,
OVERCOAT BARGAINS
VOU SHOULD NOT MISS
We have about 20 MEN'S OVERCOATS left from tho Annivorsary Snlo.
The lowest priced one in the lot-is *15.00, tho highest priced $27.50i
Sizes 35 to 3ft only.   Yon can havo your 0-0 A AA
choice while they Inst for $J,U.UU
MEN'S SHOWERPROOF OVERCOATS with convertible collars. Sises
34 to 42.  Regular up to
$12.50
♦16.60, for
FIFTY MEN'S WINTER OVERCOATS—In fancy twoods and mixed
browns. Some havo convertible collars; others Belf or velvet collars,
Sizes 34 to 44. Rogular prices *20.00 to 435.00. On sale this woek at
throe special prices—
$14.50     $17.85     $21.75
This iB your chanco to got a good, stylish, comfortable OVERCOAT for
much less than its murkot value.
A FEW BOYS' SUITS—Sizes 29 to 31 only.  Regular
$8.50 to $12.50.   While thoy last this week.	
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign
$5.00
Two Stores ln BrltlBh Columbia
J. N. HARVEY, LIMITED
126-127 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Also 614-616 Tates Street, Victoria
Jlllgle   IrOl       Tho moit best nd leant amount ot waste.   Lump, JO.60.
C08l Mut> *6*60 Per ""■•
Builders' In our '"■■r0***"'*'0** on -******10 Cre°k *. entry a complete
c. ,. "took ot oommon and fire brick, planter, ooment, lever
Supplies and drain pipe, eto.
FumitUre,     Bag-Wo do all kinds ot rartago work, bnt wo specialise on
gage and     '    ,ll° nll-T*,1e **' furniture, pianos and baggage.   Oor men
Pj„„„ TU—,~-a    m •"'Per's, »nd thoy are also careful when handling
JrianO InOVerS    household effects.
TOTO PATRONAGE IN ALL THESE LINES SOLICITED
McNEILL, WELCH & WILSON, Limited
80 Pender Street West
PHONES: Seymour 405, 605, 5408, 6409
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
tn       CQC flftLatge' rast m—aiem steamers.   Under the American
Clui  <p30.UU &>6<   No contraband of war carried.
Second *fi- nfl #|    A   "New York" Dec. 4th
Class   $OJ.0U \    V    "St. Louis" Dec. llth
Third *.« «. On U. "PWkdolphia" Dec. 18th
ClW $40.00 "** Pm1"   D90- 24th
v        T  !•»» And every Saturday thereafter.
Company's Offioea: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
OR LOOAL RAIL AND STEAMSHIP AGENTS.
WOOD %S_SS_ COAL
tmft»%a $25 FREE!
LAST WEEK'S WINNERS
1087— E. Cnrvor, 1055—10th Avo. W     $10 00
1417*1—M. Frasor, 082 Howo St  j 00
807(1—Mrs. Hosford, 91—32nd Ave. E         ' 200
14302-W. E. Law, 1051-ldth Avo. W  a.00
2128—E. C. York, 3034—8th Avo. W  2 00
1001—S. S. Bhinohnrt, 845 Smytho 8t  2.00
2032—W, Curtor, 44—0th Avo. W  2.00
BUY FROM HANBURY'S-YOU MAY WIN A PRIZE OP $10.00
EVERY ONE HAS AN EQUAL CHANCE
We sell only the best quality Mill Wood and GENUINE SOUTH
WELLINGTON OOAL
Wo guarantee the biggest lond of wood and tho biggost ton of conl
in Vancouvor, and in nddition wo are giving awny free $25.00 cash
prizes weekly.
Pull printed particulars on the back of eaoh delivery note.
Prompt delivery guaranteed.   Forty teams at your service.
Phone Your Orders to
J. HANBURY & CO. LIMITED
BAYVIEW 1076-1077
FAIRMONT 2624
S0UTHVANC0UVERMILKC0.I
"SOU-VAN MAKES
THE SUPER-MAN"
QUALITY    SERVICE     CLEANLINESS

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