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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 3, 1915

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INDUSTRIAL *T
STBENOTH. *
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
SEVENTH' ^.EAR. No. 36.
►POLITICAL TOUT ; VICT01T i
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 3,1915
(Sa Taasotvoi\
Oltr, 11.00 )
$160 PER YEAH'
i
How the System Started and
How It Has Worked
In Antipodes.
Munition Blunders Due to
Official Ineptitude, Not
to Workers.
(By W. M. 0.)
In the midst of a national register in
Britain, end rampant conscription talk,
• brief glanee into their origin, operation, and effects, especially in regard to
organized labor, is both timely and desirable.
Prussia Started It.
According to the "Huddersfield Worker," conscription waa originally start*
od by tho flrst king of Prussia, tho
!   father of Frederick the Oreat, 200 years
1   ago.   France waa the first to feel its
effects, and bear its impress, by external
1   pressure..
France Adopted It.
When in 1792, the French people were
attacked by en Austio-Prusslan aristo*
/ cratic coalition for having dared to in*
trodnoe a free constitution, they had to
improvise an army of defence which
was at first voluntary. Ae the war went
i   on they first resorted to a Requisition,
'*  then to a National Organisation and a
i   National   Register,   whioh   ultimately
|   made it possible to Introduce a law of
conscription in 1798.  The French work*
:   ers have never taken kindly to this law
I  from its inception, and robust penalties
[. I had to be contrived and enforced to
;* bring them into line.
Australia asd New Zealand.
Coining nearer home, during the last
*  three years there haa been a determined
and increasing opposition of the youths
j of Australia and Now Zealand) to com*
pulsory military training.   For the two
years previous to the European war, fig.
ures issued by the Australian Defence
department showed that, to secure a
strength ot 130,000, it hu been neoes*
j sary to prosecute in nearly 28/100 oases,
and to imprison in military plaees near
i ly 6000 trainees. In New Zealand, with
', one-fifth of Australia'a population, 10,-
l  215 prosecutions had taken plaoe in 3
years—7030 of which occurred in 1913.
Not Popular With Workers.   *>
To put it mildly, conscription is an
extremely unpopular institution with the
workers; and wherever it' haa been tried
has met with strenuous opposition re-
'  quiring the expenditure of vast sums of
: money to suppress. While one of the
advantages claimed for tho conscript system is that it saves pay, it is a costly
experiment in other directions.   As the
' late Mr. Arthur, Labor member for Ben-
digo, Australia, reeently pointed out,
"Canada is paying 3s. Id. per head of
' the population for its defence, whereas
Australia is paying £1 4s. now, with tho
prospect of £2 per head in a very few
years. We cannot do it; and it will be
a crime to attempt it. i
Dardanelles Commander Says-
Sir Ian Hamilton, late adjutant-general at the war office, and presently in
command at the Dardanelles, has the
following to say of conscription: "Wore
rulers and governments always unambitious and honest, conscription might be
actually, what it so often professes to
be, a guarantee of peaee. Unfortunately, history is one unbroken series of
events tending to show that governments can very eaeily impose upon their
people, * • • The faot of the mat*
ter is that a voluntarily enlisted army
possesses greater staying power than
the force of a nation in arms. * *
Let the British workman undertake a
duty of his own free will ,and no one
WlU be at greater pains to execute lt
thoroughly. To the authoritative command, "Fall in!" his inclination (not
always repressed), is to retort, "Fall in
yourself, and bed—d to you." * *
"I myself deny, and ever will deny,
that to force food down a Briton's
throat with a stomach-pump will give
him an appetite for dinner. * • *
War is essentially the triumph of one
will over another weaker will. Are wo
to imagine young men whose elders,
safe from service themselves| have
passed a law compelling them to serve
willy-nilly—are we to imagine (hem animated by tho same moral force as young
men who have joined the colors from
sheer love of themt If so, then all I
ean aay is, Napoleon must be wrong, and
the ideal which has guided British the-
pry and practice for centuries must be
wrong, and doubly wrong."
Th* Noisome NorthoUffe,
All of which shows a vaat difference
of opinion between the military authorities, and the aristocratic clique whose
mouthpiece Lord NorthoUffe is, with his
ring of fifty newspapers. And all indications show that they will only yield
Jo NorthoUffe as a last resort, if public
opinion should awing round to insanity
STREET RAILWAYMEN'S
SITUATION UNDECIDED
The dispute between the B. C. Electrio Railway eompany 'and
the members of the Street Railwaymen's Unions of Vancouver, New-
Westminster and Victoria, has reached a perplexing stage. No one
can say just what will happen in the next week.
Situation Looked Critical.
During the past week matters moved apace, and last Tuesday
it was felt in labor circles and among the public generally that, unless the company agreed to better terms in the matter of wages than
the majority award of the recent investigation board called for, a
strike -would take place.
The Btrike Vote.
Actual figures are not available, but it is understood that the
vote of the men, as to whether they would strike if necessary, was
overwhelmingly in favor of doing so. It was assumed, of course, that,
International headquarters would furnish the requisite finances,
Sent to International; tha Reply.
The result of the vote was sent to the International, with the
request for endorsation of a strike. On Wednesday afternoon reply
was received that the International executive board could not accede
to the request. The chief reasons given were the adverse industrial
conditions prevailing in Western Canada, due to trade depression
and the effect of the war.
How the Big Meeting Received It
This reply was read to a 100 per cent, attendance of the men at
a mass meeting in the Imperial theatre, Vanoouver, last Wednesday
midnight. It met with a storm of disapproval and adverse criticism.
Company and Oommlttee Met
During the afternoon previous, through the endeavors of Mr. H.
H. Stevens, M. P., and Mr. J. McNiven, the representative of the Dominion government Labor department, an interview between the,
company management and the men's executive committee was arranged for.  This meeting took plaoe about 6 o'clock in the evening.
There were present Mr. G. Kidd, the general manager; Mr.
Coward, the Victoria manager; Mr. W. O. Murrin, the general superintendent, appeared for the company; Mr. J. H. MoVety, president
of the Trades and Labor couneil; President J. Hubble, of the local
branoh of the Amalgamated Association of Street Railwaymen; Mr.
Tates, and Mr. Fred Hoover, the business agent, represented the
men, and Mr, H. H. Stevens, M. P.
Company Offered Amendments.
On behalf of the oompany, the following amendments to the
award of the board of investigation were offered: The amendment
relating to the period of the agreement provides thaj the term of
the agreement shall be until six months after the cessation of the
war, and further provides that this term be not less than twelve
months ot more than twenty-two months from September 1, 1915.
Olause 1 Provides Union Recognition.
The amendment relating to clause 1 of the agreement reads: ;
The company recognizes the employees' union or association, and will not discriminate against any employee because of
his connection with same.   The company agrees that all employees affected by thiB agreement shall become and remain
members of the association in order that all questions and griev-
. ances may be dealt with by one head.  The mere fact, however,
that an employee,, has ceased to be a member' of the said em-   -
ployees' union or association shall not entitle the said employees' union or association to demand such employees' dismissal from the company's service, but the question of whether
the employee should be dismissed from the company's service
shall be referred to the general manager for decision, 'and in the
event of his decision not being considered just and equitable by'
the employees' union or association, the company agrees to refer
such question to arbitration.
A referendum vote of the street railwaymen on the question of
accepting the two foregoing modifications of the award is being
taken today.   *
Final Decision Tet to Be Taken.
Until that vote is taken, and a final decision arrived at, it is
not to be considered by any means that the dispute is at an end for
the time being.
Without the endorsation and financial support of the International, the situation is made very difficult. But in any case, the
Btreet railwaymen will protest against the terms of the majority
award
and allow NorthoUffe to dictate to the
war office.
The Harmless BUI
And tho National Begister BUI la apologised for on the ground that it will
do no harm; And the'' new statesman
calls it "an elaborate fraud.V
Trades Unions Opposed.
Trades unionism and conscription are
irrevocably opposed to one another, and
cannot long exist side by side. The one
or the other must go. Nor can conscrip
tion mix with democracy in any shape
or form.
Lights on SheU Shortage.
Here is something for the mental dl*
gestion of those sap-heads who think
that shell shortage is due to the slacking and boosing of tho Britlah workers.
In a letter to the presB, Lowden Macartney, a Dundee machinist, and member of the A. S. E., writes as follows:
"Towards the end of* May a squad of
Dundee artisans were sent to Newcastle
by the local war munitions committee to
be initiated into the art of making explosive, shells at the works of Armstrong, Whitworth A Oo. The squad
numbered 85 in all, and the termi were
the local standard pay, IBo per hour,
plus overtime, subsistence pay, and
travelling expenses. They put in four
weeks at the Armstrong works, drew
their pay all right, some of them even
putting in a Uttle overtime, but did no
work, never made a sheU.
Unskilled as Instructors.
There were other men from various
parts of the country, about 138 altogether, jn the same predicament, drawing f uU pay, aU busily engaged in doing
nothing, Eventually a few of them
wore placed beside handjpaen (laborers) at machines, ostensibly to learn
how to operate them; but as they had
acquired this knowledge during their apprenticeship, they refused to participate
in the farce, and were left alone." After repeated "kicks" about the continued inactivity, they were sent home. On
Experience of the Various
States With industrial
Disputes Act.
Southern Continent Finds
Problem Perplexing As
Others Do.
MACHINISTS' PBOOBESS
International Beport Shows Oreat Sains
ln Becent Months.
Tho past month has been one of the
most successful in recent years, is the
report just issued by the International
Association of Machinists, from its
headquarters in Washington, D. C.
Tho eight-hour day without wage re-,
ductions has been secured in the following plants:
Remington Arme Company, Bridgeport, Conn,
Winchester Repeating Arms* Company
with 10 per cent, wage increase.
Bliss Company, New Tork (My, and
the Remington Arms Company, Hion,
New York.
Scott Printing Press Oompany, Hall
Printing PresB Company, VUaphone Co.
Bosch Compnny| all of Plainfleld, N. J,
Bullard Machine Tool Company,
Bridgeport, Conn.
The Hendee Manufacturing Company,
Springfield, Mass., grants a 50-hour
week with a 10 per cent, wago increase.
Fond Tool and Machine Company, of
Plalnfield, N. J., with a 25 per oent.
wage increase.
Sauer plant of the National Motor
Company, Plainfleld, N. J., with a 20
per cent, wage increase. This also applies to this concern's Mack Truck Co.
Allentown, Pa.
The National Tool Company, Boston.
The Wheeling Can Company, Wheeling, W. Va., has signed a union shop
agreement which calls for a 31% cent
minimum.
The etrlke at the American La France
Fire Engine Oompany, Elmira, N. T.,
has been sotted on a compromise basis.
Mr. Wand Again Convalescent
H. P. Wand, an active member of the
Bricklayers' unloa, who has been a patient in the General Hospital for the
pact month, where he was operated upon, is again taking his place in'Labor
Temple .circles and receiving the congratulations of his many friends upon
arriving at Dundee they were informed his early recovery.   Mr. Wand will be
that, having broken their agreement, j chairman of the Congress convention
they would not get engagements at the subcommittee whose duty it will be to
government rectories, and would have I meet incoming trains upon the arrive!
to shift for themselves. | of delegates on and about the 20th inst.
- (By W. P. Ahern)
Of late much hae been said in the
American press regarding the concilia*
tion and arbitration acts of AustraUa,
and its working amongst the trades
unionists. I here give a comprehensive
ontUne of the system and its achieve*
ments in the settUng of industrial die
putes.
- Whit It Arose From.
It must be remembered that in the
various industrial arbitration acts now
in force in AustraUa, provision is made
for the prevention and settlement of in*
dustrial disputes by four methods: Conciliation, arbitration, registration of in*
dusttial agreements, and the prohibition
ot strikes and lookouts. In the matter
of conciUation, attempts were generally
made in the earlier acts to initiate a
system of voluntary conciliation, but
those had no power to compel the parties concerned to attend. This form of
conciUation was not successful.
How It Operates.
The railure led to the adoption ot
conciUation* by means ot compulsory
conferences for which provision is now
made in the arbitration acts of the various states as weU so in the. common*
wealth legislation. .
It should be observed that in the two
states of Victoria and Tasmania, where
the board system alone is in force, there
is, of course, no special provision for
the prevention or. settlement of industrial disputes either by conoiUation or
otherwise, though in the latter state
strikes and lookouts on account of any
matter in respect of which a board has
made a determination are prohibited.
Thus power' to summon compulsory
conferences obtains in the common*
wealth and in New South Wales, Queens*
land, South Australia and West AustraUa. In New South Wales provision is
also made for voluntary conciliation by
means of conciliation committees.
Experience of New* Sooth Wales.
In New South Wnles the principle of
voluntary conciUation was first -introduced by the trades disputes conciliation and arbitration act of 1802. This
act had the defect that it could not compel either party to aubmit its case to ar*
bltratlon, and that no provision was
made for the enforcement of an award.
Thus only one case was heard under it,
and it feU into abeyance at the end of
IBM.
In 1898 the conciliation and arbitration act came into force. The minister
was authorised in case of existing or
probable trade disputes to direct enquiry into the cause, and to take steps
to procure an amiable settlement. In
the event of failure, the. minister had
the power to direct a public inquiry, or
appoint an arbitrator.
This act also proved abortive, and in
the act of 1801 no provision for conciliation was included. This latter act, besides the settUng of disputes, had power
to fix minimum wages, hours and conditions of lnbor. By( the act of 1908 nn
industrial court and a board system was
introduced, with no provision for conciliation.
The 1912 Arbitration Act.
The industrial arbitration aot of 1912
had provision for the creation of more
ample conciliation tribunals. These are
of two kinds. In the first place a special
commissioner is authorized to require
the attendance of eAy persons to meet
in conference on any matter Ukely to
lead to a strike or lockout, or where no
boards having jurisdiction  had   been
(Continued on Page Four)
AND LABOR
Win Endorse Proposal to
Elect, City Aldermen
At Large.
Short, Busy Session Deals
With Many Matters of
Routine Business.
Reservations for
Delegates
Delegates to the
Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada convention here
next month who desire hotel reservations made for
them should at once
communicate with
the chairman of the
committee, R. P.
Pettipiece, Labor
Temple.
An average attendance of'delegates
was present when Vancouver Trades and
Labor council was celled to order at 8
o'clock laat night. In the absence of
Secretary Bartley, hia' duties were tem*
porarily undertaken by Vice-president
Pettipiece. A number of new delegates
were received into tht council. The
American Federation ot Labor wrote
asking for a list of any local organizations not in affiliation with the couneil.
Delegate Pettipiece reported on the
preparations being made for the reception of the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, full details of whioh appear
elsewhere in our columns. All wilUng to
help in this work are asked to do so by
attending: the next meeting ot the com*
mittee,. which will be held in 213, Labor
Temple, next Wednesday evening at
7:30.
The campaign of the cigarmakers to
promote the consumption of local made
cigars, will be pushed forward thia afternoon at a meeting with the hotel*
keepers' association.
Under reports from unions, Delegate
Hoover of the street railwaymen, re*
ported on their situation, which is dealt
with at length on this page. President
McVety said he had been very busy
since last meeting, using hia best en*
deavors on behalf of the atreet railway-
men and the longshoremen.
During the time this' order of bust*
ness was in order a large number of
delegates took part in discussion ot the
Btreet rallwaymen's situation, evincing
very keen interest in the men's relatione
with the eompany at this time. The
delegate from the cigarmakers said only
six of- their members were working.
They had conducted a' very vigorous
canvass of hotels and cigar stands to
promote the sale of their products, but
up to tho present their efforts had not
met with any appreciable amount of
success. More trade union support
could and should be given. Bartenders
reported the Astor hotel as unfair to
them.
Sheet metal workers reported only one
or two members working. Plumbers
were still locked out, and very slack. 0.
P. B, machinists are slock, but the general demand for machinists is very brisk
all -over the dominion.
Delegate Sully of the laborers, refer
red to the work to be done by the Canadian Northern Railway eompany on
Fnjse Creek. He pointed out that when
the agreement between the city and the
company was made, it provided for the
payment of wages on the same basis as
that for civic workmen. He beUeved
the council should endeavor to have the
work started up as soon as possible. He
also referred to Alderman Crowe's plan
to have city aldermen eleoted at large,
instead of by wards. He moved that
tho council do endorse the plan, and
urge that it be put into practice in timo
for tho civio elections next January, ae
he believed that it would faciUtate the
election of working men to the city'
council. Delegate Nagle felt it would
be wise to delay action until Alderman
Crowo's motion had been adopted. Sov-
oral other delegates favored this view.
Councillor Welsh, of South Vancouvor,
expressed the belief that elections of
aldermen at large would be good from a
working class standpoint, but ho favored
delaying action until the motion had
been adopted by the city cuncil. Dele
gate Sully's motion, on boing put to
the uestion, was adopted by a good majority.
Delegate Welsh said it was the intention of a concern to start up a submarine building works on the Burrard Inlet at Barnet. Sheot metal workors
reported being there and found building
work in progress, but no mechanics
were needed thore for a week or so.
The name of the firm wes the British
Pacific Engineering Construction company, limited.
A genoral discussion took place respecting the duty of union men to demand the union card and label at all
places of business where they spent
money.       i
Trposrephletl   Union   repn
{or British Colimbla, ot He*
A. A. STOK1T
International
tentative lor  _ _,  _„	
Wutmlniter, who will attend Ike Tea*
couver eonvention.of the Trades and Le-
hot Confreei ol Canada, at • Mefslo
trom Lata! So. 038/	
Unionists An Determined to
Change Its Reputation •-
For It
THE MAKING OF FEME
Proletariat Mast mora tr Ut tf Bow
Hsnuttorrhsfs
The durability ot whatever peaee
terme sre finally fixed upon in Europe
will depend, says the San Francisco Bulletin, on the ubiUty ot the varloua peoples to understand eaeh other. The
classes now controlling the governments
of the great powere ean never, by them*
selves, make an enduring peace, for if
they hod hod the sense for that they
would have prevented the war. The end
ot militarism must be decreed by the
democratic will of Europe.
Proletariat Must Aet
There must be compromises.' Hatreds
must be thrust out. Those who have
been appalled by certain barbarities
must remember that such acts are those
of a cUque, not of a nation. The savage
military parties are on top, and riding
the nations hard, but the peaceful, civil
parties; rebeUious under enforced alienee, are biding their time. Superficial
events are, the chaff of contemporary
history. The proletarians of Germany,
France and England must choke down
their hot resentments or perish by slow
hemorrhage; they must do lt and they
will. They will eventuaUy-flnd a basis
for peace, and woe betide Kaiser, Csar
or aristocracy that dares to oppose the
final adjustment.
THE CULINARY WOBKEBS
Want Business Agent Graham Botalntd
By International Offlca.
The regular weakly meeting of Local
No. 28, Cooks', Waiters' and Waitresses' union was held on Friday, Aug.
27th, President Cumming In the chair.
With the exception of routine matters, the only business of importance
transacted at the meeting waa the adoption of a resolution submitted by the
executive board of the looal asking the
general executive board at international
headquarters, to again appoint Business
Agent Graham, as local special organizer, for a month or two or nntil conditions become a Uttle more like normal
than they have been for some time.
Speaking to the question, the secretary
of the local executive board, made it
abundantly clear that ualess the general
executive board acquiesce, in the request
contained in the resolution or render
Local No. 28 somo other measure of material assistance, which wiU be equaUy
as beneficial, the possibiUty of the culinary workerB' union continuing to be
an active factor in the local labor movement was too remote to be worth considering.
The question of nominating a delegate or delegates to represent Local No.
28 at the forthcoming convention of the
redes and Labor Congress ot Canada,
was laid over for one week. Most of
the housos under the jurisdiction ot Local No. 28 report very poor business, a
state of affairs which is daily becoming
more acute.
Harvesters Idle on Prairie.
Over 17,000 mon have been brought
west on harvesters' excursions from tho
east, and it begins to look a though it
would be some problem to flnd work for
all. Froin various points oome reports
of large gangs of mon idle, with more
men coming in all tho time. Whothor
tho railways or tho government is re.
sponsible for this is not for us to say,
but it will probably bo the oitles that
will get the privilege of keeping these
men during the winter, if they fall to
get work.—Saskatoon Saturday Press.
Bricklayers Git Agreemnt
Ottawa bricklayers and stonemasons
have secured a 3*year renewal of their
agreement with the contractors which
had expired on April 30th. The old eon-
tract called for a wage of 55 cents sn
hour for an eight-hour day. The contractors offered 40 cents an hour for u
nine-hour day and later offered 45 cents
an hour. A deadlock resulted, and
further offer to renew the agreement for
live years at tho old terms was rejected,
Negotiations were continued, however,
with tho result that the agreement' calling for 65 cents an hour for an eight-
hour day hae been renewed for three
years. About 250 bricklayers and stonemasons were affected.
WHS OF
ZEAID
Tells About the Notorious
'Non-Union Camp of  *
Huntley.        '
Labor's Palmy Dsy.
The heyday of the medieval English
laborer enmo after ono of the great calamities of history—the Block Death. The
Black Death cut the laboring population
almost in half, but it naturally left the
land intact. The result was that farm
laborers passed at a bound from the status of serfs to that of freo workingmen.
"A great part of tho peoplo," said
the preamble of a royal ordinance issued
nt tho reuest of the employing olasses
of the day, "late died of the pestilence,
(and) many, seeing tho necessity of
masters, and great scarcity of servants, will not serve unless they may
receive excessive wages."
But the king might as well have ordered the wind to stop blowing. English laborers, in spite of their employ,
ers' opposition, gained a new access of
freedom,
The following letter tram tha mining '
camp of Huntley, in New Zealand, has
been received this week by The Federationist from one of the minera who went
through the Nanaimo strike. He Is well-
known in the labor movement here, hat
tor reasons whieh will be obvious tfter
reading Us letter, we do tot publish his
name. His epistle contains many thinp
whieh will be interesting to miners it
particular, and to readers generaUy. Ht
ssys-
Htnttoy Scabbiest damp.   .
I am in the mining eamp of Huntley,
about 414 houra from Auckland. ThitU
known ta the scabbiest eamp in N«w
Zealand, and it is well named. I dont
intend to go into details tbout prices,
etc., but I am, having my first experience of compulsory arbitration.
Flnt Basalt of Compulsion.
After the big strike of 1913, when
epeeial police and soldiers were used til
over New Zealand, scab unions wan
formed under the industrial arbitration
courts act, whieh unlona htve in mott
cases been captured by the old time
unionists. We htve succeeded In ousting the scab offlclsls in Huntly, aad
have now got a good buneh ot mm oa
the executive, including t number of aid
countyr miners among whom it yonr
humble servant.
We can't do muoh, tht rules tad
award drawn up by (he IS scabs that
formed the union with the lid ot mine
managers, and passed by the courts,
bind ue hand tnd feet. Bnt tht mtn
tre determined to flght victimisation,
whioh it rife in Huntly, as far as possible, by publicity both in tht labor prat
and by socialist tnd ltbor men In the
legislature.
MnfONtd by Union Miners.
A buneh of good union men have
drifted into Huntly. Some of them
from Nanaimo and other plaees in Canada and the United States, also Australia and the West Coast of New Zealand.
They are determined to bring Huntly
into the UmeUght. For instance, thty
passed a motion to have the Maori Land
Worker, the only labor paper in New
Zealand sent to every member of the
union, and paid for out of the funds of
the union.
Forming Miners' Federation.
A movement it on foot to form t Ntw
Zetland eoal miners' federation, t billot will be taken ot the pithead, Huntfy
in Augutt for or against this federation.
The labor movement in New Zealand
can be Ukened to a hive ot beet, whoee
honey has been robbed from them. The?
are deUgently working under tdverte
conditions, gathering up the fragments
that were shattered by the Mttsey government with the tid of epeeial poUee
and soldiers in 1913.
"Whiter" Country Thin Oaaada.
One thing I will sty tbout New Zetland, it is still possible to form unions,
with certain restrictions. It is t white
mafi's eountry to a greater extent thin
Canada. I have not aeen t Jtp or t
Chinaman doing manual labor yet t few
Chinese laundries, etc. By this I don't
want to give the impression that the
workers are any the less slaves than
elsewhere, but when you see white men
working as section hands and living
comfortnbto you seem to think there ie
something in government ownership
after all.
Socitlism and Unionism.
I have como to tho concision that the
only logical port socialism can play under present conditions is on tho educational and parliamentary fields. I think
this trying to mix socioUsm with unionism is a grove mistake. It hns caused
lots of trouble in the United Stntes and
Canada, and alao in New Zealand. Trado
unionism in my opinion deals absolutely
with present conditions, whilo sociaUsm
belongs to a future state of society. To
mix them only confuses tho minds of
the general body of wrkers.
Ntw Zetland ind* the Wir.
As far as I can judgo, New Zealand
is standing the ravages ot the war far
bettor thnn any other country, although
thoro are lots of unemployed. Most of
thoso aro outsido workers, and as the
spring advances outside work will be
more plentiful. But not on as great a
scato as past years, owing to the wtr.
First impressions of this eountry to t
Canadian or American aro very pessimistic. Indeed, everything seems about
100 years behind the times, ind It
makes you feel disgusted. One misses
the push tnd go of the Canadian ud
American ideae and practices, but thtn
again competition is not to keen. fAUE TWO
THE BRITISH-COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT  .SEPTEMBER 8,1911
INCORPORATED 1885
MOLSONS
Bank
CAPITAL tad EEBEBVB
88,800,000
96 Brtnchet ln Cintdi
A general bonking business trial-
acted. Circular letters of crtdlt.
Bank money ordtrt.
Savings Department
Interest tUowtd it highest
currant rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED IS
Rild-up Ciplttl
Rtttrvt 	
Total Aeeete - -
111,800,10
12,800,000
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DE-
P0»ITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
Ont   Dolltr will   optn
tht tocount, ind your
will   bt  wtl-
tamt  bt   It    large  er
tmtll
THIRTEEN BBANOHES IN
VANCOUVEB
THE
IMCOITOIATED
ISSS
BANK OF
TORONTO
.   ..160,000,000
.sei.ooe.N*
Out of Every
Wage
some portion ahould be banked
regularly, either it eeeurity
against tht proverbial rainy day
or tt t foundttlon to future proiperlty. (1.00 will optn tn tocount in Tht Btnk ef Toronto,
ltd InUreet is tdded htlf-yetrly
to tht balances on depoelt.
Ptidnp Oipltal.
..$5,000,000
..e**M0M78
Comer Hastings aad Ctmble nta.
THE B. C. FEDERATJOKIST
Published every Friday morning hy the B. 0.
Federationirt, Limited
R. Perm Pettipiece Manager
J. W. Wllkinaoa Editor
Offlce:   Boom 817, Lahor Tempi*
'  Tol. Exchange Seymour 7480
Subscription:   $1.50 per rear; In Vaneoaver
City, 12.00; to anions subscribing
in • bodjr, Sl.00
REPRESENTATIVES   ,
New Westminster.  . .W. E. Maiden, Box 831
Prince Rupert. W. E. Denning. Box 581
Victoria....  ....  ..A, 8* Walla, Box 1638
Afllitted with the Western Labor Proas
Association
'Unity ot Later: the Bops of the World/
FBIDAT.; 8EPTEJ-BJ3B 3,1815
SITUATION
aw we isnna-nawn
- To transact business auceeiifully,
there mast he no delay. Neither eat
yoa atord to guess what a mat't answer will he.
Mepketel Doa't welt half a week
ttt tie answer that's Important.
Doa't watt Sve minutes int. It
costs Ises to telephone both In th*
short and th* long mn.
AU th* Company's telephones ar*
available for lervle* day and night.
IB COLUMBIA  TXLBFHOH
OOKPABfTuilinD.
LAND
Splendid opportunities ln Mixed
farming, Dairying, Stock aal
Foaltry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptloni of ISO tins
to Actual Settle™—
TEBM8—Beeidenet on the lind
for tt leut three years; improvements to tht extent of 81 ptr
tore; bringing undtr cultivation
at least Ivt acre*.
For further Information apply to
DEPUTY MOTIBTBB OF
LANDS, VIOTOBIA, B.O.
SEOBETABT, BUBBAU OF
PBOVINOIAL INFOBMAnON,
VIOTOBIA, B.O.
HGYT'S
10 Cent Cakes
"ALWAYS FRESH"
ASK  YOUR GROCER
STBEET BAILWAYMEN could not
very well act otherwise thin they
have done, in face of the International's decision that it was net advisable to enter into a struggle, involving
considerable financial
expenditure,  at  thla
time.   How far that
EAILWAT decision waa justified
STBEET we   cannot   eay, be
cause we do know
all the reasons whioh may have led to
it. But we do know that it has.caused
keen disappointment locally especially
as we understand that the vote of the
men In favor of not accepting the majority award of the board of investigation was a very definite one.
•   ,•    .    .- .
The award was not one whioh, in our
opinion, the street railwaymen could af*
ford to accept in the form in which it
was handed down, unless obliged by
sheer pressure of circumstances to do
so. True, it has since been modified in
a way which is important from a union
standpoint, and in a way which is to
the benefit of the organization. But it
is not to-be expected that the men will
consider the concession valuable enough
to counter balance a direct cash reduction in' wages. It is a thousand pities
the matter ever had to come up at euch
a time aa this with the labor market in
the condition it is in. But with the
situation which confronted them at the
meeting lost Wednesday night they
practically had no option than to do
what they did.
*       •       •       •
LABOB  DAY  NEXT  MONDAY,
had its  origin in the  United
.   States.   In 1882 the Knights of
Labor paraded in New York.   They re*
peated the performance in 1884, tfter
which, the day wae of-
MUAinHO flolnlly   accepted   by
__—_ the, powers that were,
aa a ouitable day upon
MONDAY. ^oh labor might bo
. etfely permitted to
appear before an admiring populace, all
bedecked in lta badges of servitude,
Canada later adopted the idet.
' So for aa we oan discover, thie is the
only instance on record of the Canadian
government voluntarily recognizing the
International rolations between the
workers of the North American continent. In the estimation of many, a great
deal> of importance ataches to the dty,
as the one day in the whole yetr when
organisations of workmen should parade
elroue fashion, and make publie exhibition of their strength or weakoesB, just
at the cate may be.
•      .     '*      *      •'
The whole hearted way in which thousands of trade unionists do this, leaves
no doubt of their sincerity in the busl*
ness. But wt freely confess—even at
the risk ot mortally: offending some of
tke "pure and simples"—that many of
the functions which take place on Labor
Day tre t heavy tax on one'a sense of
humor. For one thing, the dty wae established not so much by ltbor it for
ltbor.
•-      e       •      «       •
The season of the year which wae selected, wat significantly distant from
the day choeon by that portion of the
workert whioh was best informed at to
the precise function of the working
class in industry. They chose t dty for
themselves. They did not tdopt one
which would have met such ready acceptance at the hands of their rulers.
Their choice was May 1st. The demonstrations which thoy held, and the sentiments whieh they expressed were not
such at might be expected to call forth
the approval of theee in authority.
f     .     .     .     .
Gradually,, In the minds of governments, Mey 1st came to be looked upon
at i kind of dinger spot for them. And
it it not tn be wondered at, that they
look with favor on a Labor Day as far
removed from May 1st as possible. At
a symbol, they do not mind Labor Day
at all. But if it should ever acquire the
meaning whieh might be given to it by I
working clots well informed tt to their
true position in the economic system of
their time, there might be a different
etory to tell. Just for the preient at
any rate, there does not seem to be
much pressing danger of thlt.
READEBS WHO BECOLLECT our
editorial of Auguit 18th, dealing
with the caae of a Miss Kimball,
a young school teacher, charged with
having caused the death of her newly-
born   child   the   day
tfter its birth in hos*
pital, will be pleased
to learn that we have
received the following
letter from Mr. I. I,
Bubinowlti her counsel.   He says:
A great deal of public interest ie
being evinced in this case, and a
number  of  representative  women
engaged in social movements in thie
city have boen in communication
with me ,and are taking a very ac-
THE CASE
OF MISS
KIMBALL.
tive interest on behalf of Miss Kins-
ball.
Such,action is along the lines we advocated in our editorial, and whether it
is due in any measure'to our suggestion
or not, we do not mind as long ae the
case is not allowed to slip into neglect
for lack of interest in the proper quarter.
AS WE EXPECTED, the blundering
arrogance of Walter Bunciman,
president of the British-Board of
Trade, has brought the South Wales coal
miners again into a striking frame of
mind.   His decision Of
MINEBS the PoiBto iB di"Pu'<*i
lASUEB *"" ^U*t  ""*  imPttdent
attempt to bamboozle
BUNCIMAN. tbe miners out of the
concessions promised a
few weeks ago by Mr. Lloyd George and
Arthur Henderson the two members of
the cabinet sent down to Wales to arrange a settlement. Into the bargala,
he also refused to meet a committee of
the men to lay their objections before
him.
..       .        .        .
One of the disputed point) waa
whether any Increase in wages at the
present time was to be regarded merely
as a war bonus or as a permanent advance. Mr. Bunciman decides "the new
agreement Is applicable only to the abnormal conditions prevailing during the
war, and is not intended to form a precedent ,or to apply to normal times.'1
The rest of the award is highly complicated and technical ,etrongly suggestive
of the fine Italian hand of employers'
attorneys. Even Vernon Hartshorn, one
of the miners' officials who advised
them to delay1 further before striking
last time.- admits that the award is use*
less to prevent a strike.
*.'.'• •       ,     • 0
Among other blunders, the entrusting
of the settlement to a man of Walter
Bunciman's training by the government,
Is not the least. He knows nothing of
miners, or any other working men, from
actual contact. Whatever else may be'
said of John Burns, his predecessor, he
at least did not suffer from that defect,
and It Is likely that he would have had
enough political sagacity at any rate
not to have goaded the miners thue far.
•      '•      •      •
Bunciman got his education and class
bias at Cambridge university. Since
then he has held a number of political
offices for which keen observers have
never been able .to discover his ability-
He has always been regarded ae one
of the fortunate "superior" young men
in parliament. As president of the
board of agriculture before the war,' he
was also a shareholder In Caramel, Laird
and Company, one of the shipbuilding
firms ln the armament ring. His whole
training hae unfitted him to deal with
men like the miners. They have evidently decided to train him.
those holding the certificates, just hold
them, but they do not attend the boiler.
They have Japs and Chinamen and'other inefflcients doing that in lots of cases.
Mr. Bowser's Inspectors can tell him
this if ht will ask them. Perhaps they
have already told him. If they have
not, others have. To those who know
how the law works out in actual practice
the only difference in the case of the
Doukhobors is, that they have not gone
through the formality of getting a certificate. If they hnd their record In
most things leoHs us to think that.the
man holding It would be the one handling the-boiler. But, as in the other
case, we strongly suspect that this is
just a pretext, a* means to an end. And
that end la, to make the Doukhobors
feel the official power of the law of
British Columbia.
THE DOUKHOBOBS are   to.   be
prosecuted at the Instance of
the 'provincial government for
breaches of the law.   One of the offences charged against them Is,  that
they decline to send
THEY ■""'' eklldren to the
WILL NOT pnbUc whool at Car-
son, Grand Forks.
BEHAVB It seems' that unless
the Doukhobors send
their children to the school It cannot
be kept open, because there are not enough children among the other white
settlers to make up the minimum number of ten, which is the leaat a achool
can be operated with.' So in ' order
that public educational, facilities may
be available for the other ohlldren the
government seeks to enforce the attendance of the Doukhobor Boys and girls.
* *. *'■'**,
Now we should like to feel that
those other kids were not being deprived of the chance of going to school.
But why the Dukhoboro should be
forced to send their, children to t kind
of school which they do.not approve of,
is something we ire Inclined to sympathize with them about. We feel pretty
certain we should not like to live among the Doukhobors. In fact, we feel
just about as certain on that point, as
we do that the feeling would be reciprocated by them. But we have a suspicion that this school business is just
being used as a pretext, to make the
Doukhobors show a deference for the
government whieh they may not be disposed to do voluntarily.
•'    •      •'     «      »
We seem to .remember a famous visit
paid to these people by Mr. Bowser, the
attorney-general, and Mr. Boss, minis-
tor of lands. They went to tell the
Doukhobors how to conduct their lives,
When they got there they found the
Doukhobors had solved tbat question a
great deal better for themselves, than
the government haa done for the rest
of tho people of this province. Even
the kindest newspaper reports of the
visit could not fall to show that the
Doukhobora "had it all over" both of
them. We believe thoee people then
said that the reason they did not wish to
send their children to the public schools
was because, for one thing, they did not
want them to be taught jingo and militarist ideas and ideals. There was not
then any Indication that the Doukhobors fail to give their children a good
grounding in the three "B's," and
other knowledge, which would enable
them to take their places In the worid
beside their own kind without glorifying tho killing of men.
*    *    *     •
So it will be interesting to watch
how that part of the prosecution goes.
The other part deals with the law whieh
requires those operating steam boilers
to have certificates of efficiency. The
Doukhobors have boilers on their farms
but, It is alleged, no certificates, It is
a good law whieh requires that men operating steam boilers should be of certified  efficiency.    Quite a number of
il
"Solidarity," says the I. W; W. in
Dakota, are "taking ln many new members even at the start."  We believe it.
Latt session of the provincial legislature of British Columbia passed t
"Noxious Weeds Act." But the government ia still in office.
' Jitney bue drivers in Bridgeport, Connecticut, are refusing to carry strikebreakers and non-union workmen during
the strike there.
FBIOHTFUIiNESS
OF PEACE.
THE INDUSTRIAL Belatlone Commission, which has been inquiring
into industrial conditions-in the
United States for some time patt, hae
Issued a report known, for purposes of
distinction     t s
rot; (ke Manley re*
„ port. It la signed by Frank P.
Walsh, J. B.
Leunon, J. O.
Connell and A. B. Gnrretson. This commission has several times been In the
fierce light of publicity during Its inquiries. Its work on route hoi attracted a great deal of attention. But it is
safe to say that all its previous doings
will be eclipsed by the' report which has
just been issued.
.      .      .      .      e
The document is a damning indictment of capitalism, and its ravages on
the national life of America. We wish
we had the space to'publish It In Its entirety. But we haven't. However, sum
inarlzed, it says this: One-third of all
the working class of the United States
are poverty stricken. Thirty-seven per
cent, of wives and mothers of the working class are forced to do laborious work
themselveB to help keep the wolf from
the door; $500 per year Is the average
income of half the wage earning fathers.
, ''.*'' '.      .      .      .
Less than 815 per week is the average
wage of two-thirds of male adult workers. Nearly half the women workers earn
less than $6 per week. Three or more
persons yOccupy every Bleeping room In
thirty-seven per cent, of workers'
homes. -Babies of the poor die three
times as fast as those of the rich. Nearly twenty per cent, of the school children of the country are underfed and
under nourished1. One out of every
twelve bodies buried in New York goes
to Potters Field. Need for supplementing the family Income forces two-thirds
of all children to leave achool before
graduating, and only ten per cent, go
through the high school;
• •      •      «      •
Of all the workers in "bnsfc" industries, one-fifth are out of work all the
time. Forty-four families have annual
Incomes equal to the wages of 100,000
working men. Industrial conditions are
responsible for the biggest crime problems. And so the report goes on from
one nauseating disclosure to another
tracing the devesting trail of industrial
iniquity from one end of the land to
the other. Wherever the probe was
stuck in the stink came out. The whole
industrial fabric of the States is rotten.
•    •    •    •
The real point is, what will be done
about the report* After its nine days'
wonder, wijl it go the way of similar
documents! What 1™> done about the
Stanley report on the conditions In the
works of the steel truett. it raised a
hullabaloo at the time. But nothing came
of it, and beyond the sustained interest
which only sociological students take in
such matters, it has been forgotten.
And tjte tragedy of it ie that those who
forget such things most ire those most
materially concerned.
*'   * V '.*   t
So far as one can judge, the only
chance of good coming put of the present revelations depends upon whether
the workers of the States ire able tnd
inclined to acquire sufficient political
power in congress, or to organize themselves tor revolt outside of congress in
such manner as will throw (he fear of
revolution into the place where the
h-larts of their industrial masters should
be. Looking at the situation from this
distance, they do not seem likely to do
either of those things.
• • e        e
In that case, when the first flush of interest has passed away, this Manley report will be no more than just mother
classic contribution to scores of other
documents of its kind. Sentiment may
revolt at the idea. But past experience
—a good deal of it the bitterest disillusionment—will prevent most of those
who have spent years in the movement
for the betterment of working class conditions from gushing unduly about the
report. The tragedy of the working
class Is Its seemingly unlimited eapaolty
for suffering, and patient submission to
the incubus whloh it it destined by birth
to carry from the cradle to the grave.
The Victoria "Week" puts it very
plainly this way, in speaking of reeruit-
ing: *
If compulsion is necessary, it can
surely be applied by. the government, by municipal councils, and by
employers generally. They owe it
to their country to save it from conscription by applying the compulsion which is within their control.
The old tost book by whloh the
Christian world ts supposed to regulate its life and conduct has it,
"If a man will not woirk, neither
shall ho oat.". A: modern paraphrase might well be,. "If a man
will not light, neither shall he
live."
Anyone who cannot understand that
will not be holped by comment.
The more you increase your points of
contact With which you must reckon,
the more you multiply your battles
against mlsconceptlgn, Blunder, envy
and malice.
Wonder if "Hill" Mackenzie told
Premier McBride last week-end when
he was to hold that provincial election.
If he lets many more week enda go by,
the end of it will be suoh a weak end
there will be nothing to it.
Georgia is so near to Mexieo, that the
United Statea will have some job on its
hands to convince some of the inhabitants of that oountry, (hat ltt intervention plant are for the purpose of Introducing civilization. Why not start on
Georgia first!
Westminster Trust Co;
HEAD OFFICE
J. J. JONEB. Man. Director.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.
J. A. EENNIB. SecTreua.
ACTS AS ASSIGNEES, LIQDTDATOES AND REOEIVEBS
INSURANCE IN ALL ITS BBANOHES
HOUSES, BUNGALOWS, STORES AND MODERN SUITES FOB RENT
it a Big Reaction
Stfety Deposit Boxts for Bent it 82.60 ap
Wills Drtwn Frit of Charge
Deposits Accepted ind Interest it Four Ptr Cent. Allowed
on Dally Balances.
TRAD! UNION DIRICTORV
Vancouver "Sun" soys the British
government has decided to Btand no
moro "nonsense" from the South
Wales miners. The "Sun" does occasionally reveal Its real attitude to the
working class, even though it does happen to be via the medium of a "head-
writer." _——
Practically the only town, city or set
tlement In British Columbia, from whence
distress and poverty aro not reported
is the Doukhobor reservo. They may
have fuany waye. But it's pretty cer*
tain they don't think much of ours
when they learn we have women and
children starving among us.
The newly-elected Manitoba Liberal
attorney-general says he cannot name a
specific date 'when prosecutions will be
commenced against oorruptionlsts in the
late Conservative government. He refused to deny that the ball might be
started* rolling in a week or two. It
looks like another "saw off:" Anyway, what else did anyone with a groin
of Intelligence expect.
A real live lord, Lord Norbury, Is
working in nn'English ammunition fao
tory for 14 cents per hour. The idea of
one of his species caning anything has
so struck the "news senBe" of newspapers and others that he has. beon
photographed and "moviegraphed" galore. . The Idea would seem to be to
impress the public with the notion that
when sueh a one gets busy on war work,
It is time for everybody else to do the
same. Like most of his tribe, he haB
but little sense of humor or he would
not have let a camera get within a
block of him at his sacrificial labors.
Medicines and Alcohol.
Dr. Menus S. Gregory, dlreotor of the
psychopathic ward of Bellevue hospital.
New Tork, says, in an Interview in the
New York Tribune, that "the American people spend 8800,000,000 annually
on patent medicines." It is estimated
by the United States internal revenue
department that there are manufactured
in the United States between three and
four hundred of these so-called "tonics," "stomach bitters" and "nervines." Many of these have big sales in
prohibition states and local option districts. Here are some of the patent
medicines and the amount of alcohol
contained in each, says the Tribune,
"according to labels in the possession
of the department of agriculture in
Washington": Buchu Juniper Com*
pound 16 per oent. alcohol; Electric
Brand Bitten, 18 per eent. alcohol; Pe*
runa, 18 per eent; Lydia Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound, 18 per oent; Bex-
all's Bheumatle Bemedy, 18 per cent;
Palne's'Celery Compound, 18.85 per
cent; Wine of Cardui, 20 per cent; Hankin'a Remedy, 22 per cent; Hall's Great
Discovery, 43 per cent; Hamlin's Wizard Oil, 85 per eent alcohol.
Assayers Chemists
tS-EUridgeftCo.
*Wt guarantee tccuracy
tf our eeults.
WRITE FOE PRICE LIST
Cave Bid*.   Vancouver, B. C
The Terminal Steam
Navigation Co., Ltd.
TAKE A TRIP
On on* of the Company's staamara to
point.. Tire* palatial stumers leave th*
union Deck dally at Ml am., Sunday at
10:30 a.m. This trip affords pauenger. a
munificent view ofthe »cenery among the
Islands aad glacier* «il day.
ROUND   TRIP
Good for Day of It iat Only
PRESIDENT
SUSPENDEP
NONE   SO
Allied Printing Tridei Council—R. H. Nw
land*, Box 60.
Barberi—8. H. Grant, .1801 7th Avenuo W.
Bartenders—H. Davit, Box 434.
Blackimlthi — Malcolm Porter, Vltw
Hill P. O,
Bookblndon—W. H. Oowdtroy, 1MB Thirty-
fourth mm* out.
Rol let-maker*—A. Fraier, 1161 Ho wo St.
Brewery Worken—Chis, 0. Austin, 788 7th
Ave. Eut.
Brieklayera—William B. Dafnall, Room
215, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenten Dlitrlet Council—F. Ii. Barratt, Room 109, Ubor Tom-
pi*.
Clgarmaken—Car* Kurt* Cigar Faotory. 78
water Streets
Cooki, Walten, Waltniiei—Andy Graham,
Boom 200, Labor Tomplo.
Eleotrleal Worken (ooUlde)—I. H. Morriion, Boom 307, Labor Temple.
Eleetrloil Worken (Inilde)—Boom 907; F.
. L. Sitingheoaon.
Engineer*—B. Preadergaat, Room lit, La*
kv Tomple.
Granite (jutton—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment Worker*—Libor Tempi*.
Honeihoen—'Labor Temple.
Lett*r«rrlen—Robt.  Wight,  Dlitrlet 08.
Loboren—George Harrlton, Room 330, Libor Temple,
Locomotive Firemen and Engineer*—0. How*
wd, 007 Divl* itreet.
Loco Engineer*—L, T. Sollowiy, 1157 Her-
wood,   TeL Bey. 1848R.   '
Longihoremen—J. G Kelly, 10 Powell Street
Machinist*—J. a MoVety, Room 211,
Labor Temple.
Mnileiani—H. J. Bruleld, Roomi 104-805,
Labor Tempi*.
Molden—
Moving Picture Operators—L. E. Qood-
min, Libor Temple.
Pain ten—Room 809, Labor Temple
Plumber*—Room 200 1*2, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 8011.
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Templt.
Plasterer*—John Jamea Cornlah, 1801
Eleventh Ave. Rut
Pattern Makei»-J. Campbell, 48» Argyle Btreet.
Quarry Workeri—Jamea Hepburn, oare
Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A. XL MoCorvllle,
Box 241.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,' 420 Nilion
Street
Seamen'* Union— >
Structural Iron Worker*—Room 808, Libor
Temple.
Stoneontten—Jame* Riyburn, P. 0. Box
1047.
Sheet Metal Worken.
Street Bailway Employee*—Jam** 1. OriRn,
108 Twenty-dfth avenue eaat.
Stereotyperi—W. Bayley, care Provinoe,
City.
Telegrapher!—E. B. Peppln, Boi 488.
Tradea and Labor Counoll-rGeo. Bartley,
Room 110 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelanda, Boi II.
Tailora-*!. MoDonald, Box 608.
Theatrical Stag* Employee*—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
TUeliyen and Helper*—A. Jamleson, 540
Twenty-third avenue eut.
VANCOUVEB UNIONSJ
T1UDES AND LABOR CODNOIL-MEETBl
tret   snd    third    Thursdays.     Executive!
Pettlplece,  vice-president;   Oeorge   Aartley,]
2f;.i?X'.url,l"> -""Wer; Fred. £ Hoover, I
il»,i"icl*n*. ••rgesnt-st-omu, John Sally: A I
iuSZT.'"* •*"• —"-i *- -w. *-**■■£ 1
AUJOO PBlNTINQ TBADBS COVltA
_ „,<?I*rH'5!t* ""ond Monday in tStl
6'"»,,» W"* "• J- B°<»«li ••er.lwSrTv'
B, H. M*el*nde. p. 0. Bes 00.       ™~"»«*»il
BABTBNpHRg' tb^i, NOr m.-<jrA
.t_."°0' Boom IM Ltbor Temnlt Milti
&£***■***..# etoaSontrPKMlS!!g!
fe _?_**__-* .V.W.&
n***.i. n*uiili,!,,» .noaneiai seoretary, H. I
Davis, Box 49*, phone Sey. 475*: reoordlni 1
secretary, Wm.\!tti.hs», Olobe AnSf Mali I
wrest. i
BUSINESS AOINT  DIRECTORY
A*k for Labor Temple  "Phone Exchinte,
Seymour .7495   (ulaei  otterwlaa  itand).
Brlcklayen—Wm, S. Dagnall, Room 915.
Cooki. Walten, Waltmie*—Room 208;
Andy Graham; phon* Bey. 8414.
Electrical Workon (outside)—E, H. Morrison, Room 907.
Englneen (iteam)—Room 916; E. Pnnder-
Lon»horem*n'*  Association —  Offloe.   145
Alexander itnet; G. J. Kelly; phon* Sey.
0809.
Muileluu—H. J. Braaltld, Roomi 904*105,
Labor Temple.
Street Railway Employee*—Fred. A. Hoover;
phon* Sey. 608.
Typographical—R. H. Neelanda, Boom* 819-
G.W.Carruthers
HIGH CLASS TAILOR
2S2 Broadway Eut
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & Co.
Men 'a Hatters and Outflttera
Three Stores
BHIUKLAYhiHS' ANU MASONS'   Nu.   1 1
> »TM'y" """ 'at and 3rd Tuesday. I
ti.!im.V Hoom 8U'* "-resident, Janus 1
SJH.M,V eorratpondlni secretary, W. a l
R*Rin-£°i. '? I ■"UK-la! woretorj, ft
... ■5""-* oosln*oo atant, i W. 8. Sot- J
noli, Boom ait, ™* I
BBOTHEBHOOD or B01LSB UAKUl 1
, and Iroo Ship Builder* ud H*|n*»
o( Anuria*, Vaneoaver Lodge Mo. ttt—
Meet, tret and third Mondays, I n. m.
President, A. CimpbtlL 71 SeventeenthTarn- '
nae vest; secreUry, A. Fraser, 1161 Haw*
strwt. ■
COOKS, WAITZBS AHD WAITRESSES)
Union—MeeU Irst Fridty In each '
month, 8: SO p. in., Labor Temple. A. On- '
ham, buineu repruenutlve. OBoe: Boom i
900, Labor Tempi*. Hoars t 8:80 a. m. to I
10 J 2 to fi p. at. Competent help famished \
on short notice.   Phono Seymour 8«U,
DIBTBIOT COUNCIL Of OABFINTEM
meete in room 208, Labor Temple, **o-
ond and fonrlh Thanday ol eseh month, I
p. m. President, 0. B. Hardy: leeretory,
t. Ii. Barratt: treaaorer, W. T.^sylet. TS-
cal No. 317 meete   Urol   and   third   Mon*
a!.7. **.**—I—\ ■*«•> ■**■*■«■■- tttn meeU
Srat aad third .Tqesdoy cl each month.
ELECTBIOAL WOBKEBS, LOOAL NO. lit
—MeeU room 801, Labor Tempi*, avery
?£*&• '■ •>• ml. Pre*ldent, Bam. Cawhar,
667 Templeton Drive: reeordlns aeoretary,
H. Hogan, Labor Temple: Inanclal eecretary'
•"J ;"•>"»■ agent, &. B. MorrUoo, Boom
207, Labor Temple.
HODOARBIEB8, BUILDING AND OOMMON
•i.i..iLS5;;m nnlon. No. 66—MeeU int aad
third Friday ol eaeh month, Ubor Templo.
Presidont, t. C. Appleby, lilt FendrUI St.:
■•wetary. Oeorje Harriion; baelnei. aj.nl,
John Solly, room 220, Labor Templo. All
laborera InvlUd to meeting.
MACHINISTS, NO. 182—MEETS SKCONr
and foarth Friday, al 8 p. m. Preildent
J. Mclvor; roeordlni iecretary, J, Broohat;
Unnnoiol saentary, J. H. MoVety
PLASTEBEBS' OPEBATIVE INTERNA-
TIONAL ASSOCIATION, No. 82 -»l
MeeU every Urn and third Wedneaday in th*
month ln room 801, Ubor Temple. President, A. Harry; vice-president, A. Berentien;
corresponding iecretary, Joe Cornlih, 1800
Eleventh avonno eaat: Inanclal aeeretary,
Oeorge Montgomery; treaaurer, Harold Bold.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OB*
. NORTH AMERICA.-Vancouver and
vlolnlty. Branch meets Iat and Srd Fri-
dan at Ubor Temple, room loi. H. Night-
assies, pmldeat, 171 Flfty-slitt avennei
gut; Joa* 0. Lyon. Anneal aeeretary, 1781
2KL'ISS!1*.5' a-"""**  rmr—e see-
retary, Mt Argyle atreet.
8TBP?.,£2B _mnm*o- BASwif tm-
!_ ,p"'rMS. W«e*r SlvUlon, No. loi— <
M**ta Ubor Tomple, second aad foarth Wed-
aeedaya at 2:80 and 8 p. m.   PrealdeM,rJoa.
SMlL "Z&V •—omr. 3m. a. Oriaa;
166, Twenty-lfth avenuo east; Inanelal see-,
S!ft!^J"4«Sl,," •••al. Tni. A. Hoover,
2*01 Olarh Drive.
JOURNEYMEN    TAILOBd'     UNION    Ot
i. m -.-SPSS*', '"f*1   *•!■' wa-MeeHiis
held jtrat Tueeday ta eaoh month. I pTsj.
President, S. BeamUh; vlce-preetdeot, Mlai
H. Onturldge; recording aeeretary, 0. MoDonald, Boi 603: Inanclal aeoretary, K.
Palereoa. P. 0. Bet 608.    '
TOPOGRAPHICAL    UNION.    So!—oa£^
M**ta last Sunday of each month at 2
p.m.   Pmldent, R. Ann. Pettlplece; vice*
£ resident, W. 8. Uetinr: aecretary-treaaurer
I. H. Neelands, P. 0. Boi 6«.
PBOVINOIAL UNIONS
PANTAGES
Unequalled Vaudeville  Maane
PANTAOII  V AUDI VILLI
THRU IHOWI DAILY
AM, T*>, 8.11   aaaaon'e Prleoti
Matinee, lie.) Ivenlngt, lie., Mo.
Sunday Summer Sailings.
Bnjoy tho Sander on th* water by taking
a trip to Oibson'e Landing. Robert a Greek
and Beohelt by tba taat pleaiure steamer
SANTA MARIA _
Leave Johmbn'a Wharf at .... 1:80 a. m,
Arrive! Oibion'a Landing .... 11:80 a. m.
Robert'a Creek .,  ... 12:16 p. m,
Sechelt     1:00 p.m.
Beturnlng leaves Beohelt at...   6:00 p. m.
Arriving Vancouver about ....    8:16 p. m.
FARE FOR RQUND TBIP ONE DOLLAR.
Full particulars Phona Soy. 4280.
aVNOMia  OP  COAL   MINING   RBOU*
LATIONI
Cool mining rlghu of tt* Dominion,
In Manitoba, Saakatohawtn ant- Albtrtt,
ttl Yukon Territory, tke Northwoet Territorial tnd In a portion ot the Province
of British Columbia, may be letted for
a term of twenty-on* yean at an annual
rental of |1 an acre. Net mora than
2.690 acres will be leaaed to on. applicant. -
Applications tor leaae mutt bt made by
tke applicant In person to the Atent —
 * "      *      ivklch -
th*
Sub-Agent of the dlitrlet In which
rlfhts applied for are situated. I
lit surv*y*d territory the land malt b*
described by sections, oT legal subdivisions of lection., and In unsurv*y*d territory th* tract applied for ahall be
atoked by the applicant blmeelf.
Each application moat be accompanied
by a fee of 16, whieh will b* refunded If
the rliht* applied for an net available,
but not otherwlee. A royalty ahall be
paid on th* merchantable Output ef th*
mine at the rata of Ave cente per ton.  ■
The penon -opemtlni the mine' shall
fiirnlsh the Atent with sworn, nturna
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable 4»l mined and pay tha royalty thereon, If the eoal mining rlghu
or* not helng operated, such nturns
should he furnished at laaat onea i roar.
The leaae will include the ooal mining
rights only, hut the lessee miy he.Mf-
mltted to purohaa* whatever available
aurftoe rlghu may be considered necessary for the werklng of the mine tt the1
rata of 110 an aore.
For full Information application ahould
be mad* to the Saoretary of the D*part-
mtnt of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
A-fsnt or Sub-Agent of Dominion ^inda
.   Deputy Minister of the Inti'rior.
N. B— Unauthorised publication of .this
tdv*rtle*m*nt will not ho paid far—INN
B.    0.    FEDERATION OF LABOR—MmU
ln annual convention In January. Eiecutive oHeerl, 1116*16: Preeldent. A. Watch,
man; vlce-preiidenti—Vaneoiver, W. F.
Dunn, J. H..MeVety; Victoria, B. Simmon*;
New Weatmloetar, W. Tataej Prlnea Rupert,
W. E. Denning; Revelitoke. J. Lyon; Dls
Wet 8lT0. tea. ol A. (Voucojvarl.uiaj,
S. Outhrle: Dlitrlet 18, U. M. W. ef A.
(Orow'a Neit Valley_ A. J. Carter; *eore-
t*ry-tr***ar.r, A. 8: W*ns. P. 0. boi 1688,
Victoria, B. 0.      , ;
VICTORIA, ■. C.
VICTORIA TRADES ADD LABOR OOUN-
fflL--M.ft.irsl sai laird Wednetday.
Ubor hill, 1424 Oovornmeal itri.t, at 8
p. ss. Pmld.nt, A. S. Weill: iecretary, F.
Holdridg*, Boi 802, Victoria, B. 0.
OBOAjnng LABOR COMPANIES,
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LIMITED—
Director!: Jaa. Brown, preeldent; R. P.
i_.—   -. .......   &„---   •  ...
Pettlpleoe, viceprealdontj   Edward
Jamea Campbell, 3. W. Wllklnaon, S
br, W. 3. Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. .
Uthian,
Oeo. Wll-
,-     ,      ,,  -   .. _. H. Free.
lanajing director and eeerelanr-treaourar, J.
H. McVity, nom 211, Ubor Temple.
B. 0. FEDERATIONIST. LIMITED—Meet*
•I call of preildent, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. 0. Director.: Jam.. Campbell,
preildent; J, H. McVety. •ecretarytr.a.nrer;
A. Watchman, A. 8. Weill.   R. Pant. Petti-
J loco,  manager.  217 Ubor Temple.    Tele-
hone:    Soymonr 7481
Vote agalnat prohibition I Demand personal liberty ia dueling what yea will drink.
Aak for thla Ub*l wire pnrchaaing Ban,
Ala or Porter, as a guarantee that It li Union Made. thli Is Out Label
Whenever you ean consistently do so,
when you require anything you aee advertised in The rederationitt, be sure
and explain that you saw his ad. in Tie
Federatlonist, and that lt was because
of that that he is patronised. Don't
forget thie, ••* ralDAT.......8EPTEMBEB 3, MM
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA PEDERATtONlST
DELEGATESWHOWILL
LECKIE SHOES
—BEST FOB STBEET USE
-BEST FOB THE WOODS
—BEST FOB TBE FABM
—BEST FOB THE MINES
—and best wherever BETTER SHOES are demanded.   For many yeara the
name "LECKIE" has stood for all that ia best in boot and shoe manufacture.
Into every pair of LECKIE'S goes the very best material!, the very best
British Columbia labor, the very best of everything—unconditionally.
There ia a LECKIE boot or shoe for every use or purpose.
, When you buy LEOKIE shoes, you buy SHOES—not high freight rates and
duty.
Be aure your next pair is LEOKIE.
AT LEADING SHOE DE ALEBS
World Shoe Co.
« Hastings St., W„ Phon. Sty. 1778
Beat Shoe Repairing "While You Wolf
-       Work called fir and delivered
Logger*' Mlaera' Cripples' and any kind
of apcclal Shoee made to order
Ask for
Named Shoes we frequently made in Nob-
Unioa Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
ao matter whit Itl nimi, unleee It bun I
plain ud readable Impreetlon or thli itamp.
All ahoea without tbl Halon itamp an
tlwiyi NotUulot.
■OOT 4 SHOC WORKER!' UNION
241 Summer Strut, Bottot, Hill.
J. r. Tobto, Prtt.   0. L. Bltint, Bto.-Trtti.
"NABOB    Products
Partial List Labor Officials
Who Will Meet Here
September 20th
Additional Names  During
Week Looks Most
Encouraging. '"*
Below will be found t partial list of
the delegates who will be in attendance
tt the 1916 convention of the Trades
and Labor congress of Oanada, which
meets in Vanoouver on Monday, Sep*
tember 20. This lilt will be added to
and corrected, at information it re*
ceived by The Federatlonist:
TBA SPICES
COFFEE IOINOS
JELLY POWDEB PUDDINGS
PLAVOBINO BXTBAOTS BAKINO POWDEB
AT YOUR GHQCER
Get and use "NABOB" everytime
Jingle Pot Coal
ONLY UNION MINED OOAL ON THB FAOIFIO COAST
More heat. No Clinkers
WOOD
Millwood tnd Kindling t *2.B0 load
Choice 16 iieh Hr  $3.00 load
FARM PROpyjCTS, HAY» OATS, Etc.
McNEILL, WELCH & WILSON, Limited
Phont: Seymour IMS
HOTEL IRVING
Comer Columbia and Hastings Street East
SPECIAL SPNDAY
FRENCH
DINNER
Hotel eonduoted European plan.
>7C—     Booms with be(h, single or en
IOC,       -tnife.
The Finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars sold at
buffet, with courteous Union mixologists to serve
you. JOHN L. SULLIVAN
Phone Seymour 3380 Proprietor
Buy Your Underwear Now
I have bought a lot of odd woollen undershirts for men that I can
sell to you at the regular wholesale price.
It means a great saving to you, so get in early before they are all
gone.   Snaps like these cannot be had always.
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 Cordova St. W. and 444 Main St
Vancouver, B. C.
That la ca erary bottle af CASCADE BEER.   Xrarr parcha*. of thla leadlnr
brew, adds lubatantialir to tha payroll of B, C. -
Aik for CASCADE aad aoc*|t no other brand.   Brewed aad bottled   br
CANADIAN UNION WORKMEN at " r
VANCOUVER BREWERIES Limited
Edmonton, Alberta—Trades and Labor
Couneil.
Edmonton —Maintenance*6f*Way   Em-
pliyees (O. N. A.)—S. Maggs.
Edmonton— Copks ltd Waiters.
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council—
B. A* Bigg, M. L. A, and President
H. Veitch.
Winnipeg—Machinists, No. 128—B.
Bussell.
Winnipeg—Bartenden—F. W. McGill.
Winnipeg—Machinists, No. 18»-r-
Winnipeg—Street Bailway Employees,
No. 6—A. Oammack.
Winnipeg—Steam«tters, No. tf»-JP.
Cann.
Winnipeg—Maintenanceof-Way Employees (G. N. B.)—Fred. Floajdole.
Wianlpeg—Maintenence*of-Way Employeea (0. T. P.)—Bobt. Noyes.
Winnipeg—Typographical union——
Souris, Man.—Souris Lodge, No. 174, International Brotherhood of Main*
tennnce-of-Way Employees—J. Bridle.
Trades  and  Labor.
Fraternal Delegate from American Federation of Labor—Harry J. Conway, seoretary-treasurer of the Be-
/tail Clerks' Protective Association,
Layfette, Ind.
United Association of Plumbers and
Steam Fitters af the United States
and Canada—John W. Bruce, Toronto.
International Printing Pressmen—Thos.
Hines of Vancouver.
International Typographical Union-
Samuel L. Haddon of Toronto.
Hod Carriers', Building and Common
Laborera' Union of America—John
Sully of Vancouver.
International Journeymet Tailors'
Union—Francis Williams, of Vancouver.
International Boot and Shoe Workers'
Union—E. O'Dell, of Hamilton,
Ont.
International Journeymen Barbers' Union—H. Halford, of Hamilton,.Ont.
International Brotherhood of Carpenters—J. Marsh, of-Niagara Falls,
Ont.
International Brotherhood of Blacksmiths—W. J. Bartlett of Winnipeg, Man.
International Brotherhood of Painters
and Decorators—A. E. Scott of
Winnipeg, Man.       ,
laternationnl Association of Stonecutters—A, Oosselin of Winnipeg,
Man. • ■ ,
International Brotherhood of Maint'en*
ance-of-Way Employees—H. Irwin
of Edmonton,-Alberta.
International Association Brass Finish,
ers—J. Pejy of Montreal.    "
British Columbia Federation of Labor-
President A. Watchman, Vlotoria.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
Jas. H. MeVety, Miss H. Gutteridge
and B. P. Pettipiece.
Vancouver—Typographical Union, No.
226—W. B. Trotter   and   Oeorge
Bartley.
Vancouver—Machinists' lodge, No. 182
i—John T. Brooks.
Vancouver—Brotherhood of Carpenters,
No. 617— Geo. H. Hardy.
Vancouver—Plumbers' Union—Councillor F. W. Welsh, South Vancouver.
Vnncouver. — Letter  Carriers — Fred.
Knowles.
Vancouver.—Sheet Metal Workers—A,
Crawford.
Vancouver—Bookbinders, Local No. 10S
—F. Mansell.
Vancouver—Theatrical Stage Employees
—F. Harrington.
Vancouver—Tailors' Union, No. 178—0.
McDonald.
Vanoouver—Builders' Laborers' union,
No. 65, Geo. Harrison.
Vancouver—Street Bailway Employees,
Division, No. 101—F. A. Hoover,
W. H. Cottrell, A. V. Lofting, Geo.
Hamaon, Jas. E. Griffin, W. Mur*
ray.
Vancouver—Brewery  Workmen,  Local
No. 281—A, Sykes.
Victoria Trades and Labor Council—A
8. Wells, Christian Slvertz and John
Day.
Victoria—Street Bailway Employees,
Division No. 109—Wm. Nunn.   v'
New Westminster Trades and Labor
Council—P. Paulson, H, S. Walsh
and W. Tates.
New Westminster—Typographical Union, No. 632—R. A. Stoney.
New Westminster—Street Bailway Em*
ployees( Division No. 134—Ralph
Jamleson, A. F. Duncan and Ar*
thur Bowell.
Prince Bupert Trades and Labor Council—S. D. McDonald, William
Thompson and M. Buddersham.
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL  DIRKCTOM  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Offlce and Chanel,
10S4 Oranvllle St., Phone Sey, 3481.
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
184.
Saskatoon, Bask.,
Council—-—-—
Prince Albert, Soak. Trades and Labor
Council—J, Davis.
Portage la Prairie, Mao.—Malntenance-
of-Way Employees (G. T. P.)—A.
E. arker. i
Portage la Prairie — Malntenance-of-
Way Employees (C. P. B.)—H.
Langrldge.
Portage la Prairie — Maintenanceof*
Way Employees.
Toronto—District Trades and Labor
Council—Fred Bancroft, viee*preei*
dent of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada; Jamea Simpson
and Mr. Bolph.
Toronto — Garment Workers — Fred
Bush.
Toronto—Typographical—Geo. Murray.
Toronto—Machinists—W. Nichols.
Montreal Trades and Labor Council-
Messrs. G, B. Brunet and J. Foster.
Montreal—Shoe Workers—Del. Lesper*
ance and -—-
Montreal—Brotherhood of Carpenters—
A. Martel and J. E. Vigent,
Montreal—Machinists—J. A. McClelland.
Montreal—Shoe Workers—G. LeBpSr-
enoe and —-
Montreal—Sheet Metal Workers—T.
Bertrnnd.    *
Ottawa—Typographical Union—P. M.
Draper, secretary-treaaurer Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada.
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1041 QEORQIA STREET
One  Blook west of Court House.
Use  of  Modern  Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons
Telephone Stymour 2426
E
ilfl
Preserves Autonomy Whjle
Encouraging: Closer
ion.'.
Seeks to fi»rther Unionists'
Interests Through the
From the inception of the American
federation of Labor it bus token the
stand that while unions for the various
trades and callings must each ind ill
bt left entirely fret to govern diem*
Women Are Enlistittg
More Art Needed tt Ull
Royal Crown Naptha Soap
_____s.        Ttomindi of women trt miking wish-   _^_^.
;bc.
Thotmnds of women ore a—iat math-
»lnf tutor by lttUng BOTAI. CBOWoT
NAPTHA SOAP do tin hud aett of tkl
wishing fir tktm. fir a tak* aad
will loot no tint allMag.
entirely
selves within their own borders, yet
between 'tbl members of ill these
union there ihould be t bond it frtit
oa thlt between ihe memben of the
same orginitttlon. And it ia tke aim
of tbt A. V. of L. to otrengthen that
bond by organisation, ind by education
aad inculcation of the feeling and consciousness bf unity of interest and solidarity tb place tht labor movement
upon a higher and more effective plane.
It seeks to organise the yet unorganized workers, the skilled and the unskilled, the permanently located md
the migratory.
The A. J*, of L. holds thlt whatever
a man may be So long as he works
honestly and seeks tp wrong no other
man Or to advantage himself at the
cost to another, and seeks to maintain
this standard regardless of how any
toilers may happen to be employed, he
is a man. Though the A. F. of L. does
not advocate strikes, yet it encourages
them *when all other -means to obtain
justice for the toilers have failed. It
urges that the workers*when struck,
strike back as best they ean. Though
strikes do not always win, even those
alleged to be lost at least induce em*
ployers to forbear in the future tnd
teacii them a lesson they do not readily
forget; namely, that Labor ia the most
important factor in production and en*
titled to a voice in the question of
wages, hours and conditions under
whieh work shall be performed.
The A. F. of L. etandi ae the most
potent factor in all our country in defense of the right of free assemblage,
free speech, and free press. It endeavors to unite all classes of wage-earners
under one head-through their severer
organizations with the purpose in view
that class, -race, creed, political and
trade prejudices may be abolished and
that moral and financial support mty
be given to all. It aims to allow in the
light of experience the utmost liberty
of each organization in the conduct of
its own affairs consistent with the generally understood praotice of the identity and solidarity of labor.
The A. F. of L. establishes intercommunication, creates agitation and educates not only thie workers but the educators. It is in direct correspondence
and conference with the representative
workert and thinkers the world over,
It urges the interests of the toilers in
congress, state legislatures, municipal
legislative bodies, administrative
ces, and judicial agencies. It initiates
measures ia the name of labor and
liberty,' and decides upon acta accord*
ing at they benofit or ire calculated to
injure the masses of the people. It hss
secured vast relief from burdensome
laws and government officials. It seeks
and' will achieve freedom and justice
for all. It encourages and has largely
achieved the interchange of ideas,
ideals and methods. It seeks to cultivate mutual Interest, and' to' secure
united action to announce to the world
the wrong! md burdens which toilers
have too*long endured. ' It voices the
alma and hopes of the toiling masses.
It asks and demands the co-operation
of the organizations, cooperation and
affiliation of all wage-workers who be-
Stmt Oirmea'i Oonrtntlon. Hove in the principle of unity, tnd that
The fourteenth biennial eonvention there is something better in life than
of the Amalgamated Association of long hours, low wages, unemployment
Streot and Electric Bailway Employees and all that these imply,
of Amerioa will be held in Boehester, N. j The A- p, 0j j_ endorses as basic
Y, beginning Monday, September 18th. tllMe economic ' principles: That
This convention promises to be one of trade or calling can long maintain
the most important in the history of the wages, hours and conditions above the
association, as many matters of Import*; common Jevelj that to maintain high
ance will be brought before the dele-: w(lgeb au trades and callings must be
Thl Mythical "Puhlic."
The public is supposed to be neutral,
while employer and' workingmen lean to
the one Bide and tbe other. In reality,
the '' public " is a rather nebulous body,
so shot through with competing interests as to have no real existence. The
public's represeniatives furnish the
gambling venture in any investigating
commission or arbitration board.
Their affiliations are more likely, however, to be with the employing side than
with the workingmen. Few working-
men become "prominent" enough to be
appointed on commissions, except as
representatives of their own interests.
A worklngman would- never be chosen to
represent the neutral public, but it
would not be thought out of the way to
aelect a corporation lawyer, who lives
by favor of great employing corpora*
tions.—San 'Francisco Bulletin.
OongrtH Antl-Ooiiicriptlon.
A resolution declaring against compulsory military service will be submitted to tho coming trade union congress.
John Hodge, M. P., aetiag chairman
Of the Labor party, haa called a special
meeting for Sept. 13 to consider the
question of conscription. He says that
a oomplete canvass of the labor mem;
bers of parliament hat shown tbat they
are all decidedly hostile to compulsory
military service.
gatos, and much interest il being manifested.
Congress Convention Oommlttee
Chairman B. P. Pettipiece and Secre*
tary Brooks bave their work out out
for them for the next three weeks in
connection with the reception and care
of the delegates to the 1916 convention
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, which convenes in Vancouver
two weeks from next Monday September 20. In the work, however, they
are being loyally supported by a live
committee. At Wednesday evening's
meeting reports of sub-committees all
indicated that they were doing their
duty and would be prepared for the
work ahead of them. At the next meeting, Wednesday, September 8, 7:30 p.
m., it is expected that all the sub-committees will have completed their work,
or at least all that can be accomplished
prior to the arrival of the delegates.
Council Htlpi Oops.
Ottawa police constables and detectives to the number of 90, at the result
of agitation on the part of the local
Trades and Labor council and the press,
have had their working time shortened
from seven days per week to six days
per week.
No woman was ever kissed "against
her will."   There Is a look of warning
organized; that lack of organization
among the unskilled vitally affects the
skilled, whther organlzod or unorgaa*
ized; that generally organization of
skilled and unskilled workers can be
accomplished only by united action—
federation; that tbe history of tbo labor movement demonstrates the necessity for the union of individuals and
that logic implies a union of unions-
federation.
The A. F. of L. urges the concentration of efforts to organize all the work*
er; within the ranks of the organized,
fair and open eontest for the different
views which may be entertained upon
measures proposed to move the grand
army of labor onward and forward. In
nn organizatloa on earth is there such
toleration, so great a scope, and so free
a forum as within the ranks of the A,
F. of L., and nowhere is there such a
fnir opportunity afforded for the advocacy of a new or brighter thought. The
A. F. of L. affirms as one of the cardinal principles of the trade union movement that the working peoplo must
organize, unite, and fedorate, irrespective of creed, color, sex, nationality or
politics. In the language' of the late
William E. Gladstone, "trades unions
aro tbe bulwarks of modern democracy. ''
The* A. F.' of L. stands unalterably
for tbe -abolition of all forms of invol-
ina woman's eye that freezes tho most | mit— ,ervltude nnd devotes its time
2**S "St".! «tt£SS2I J_a «»« effbrt. to make every day a day of
atone and makes his conscience strike
I through and button right up tbe back.
a better life.
BOYS'  SHIRT WAISTS
For Ages 6 to 16 years
from 50c. iip
CLUBB ft STEWART, limited
Patroniaa ttetfnion Label
ung
IPW (VNKffif-]
ForlaliafAUDealtn
IDEAL BROOM WORKS
!=::^***********
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Fint   {aCaa       ^P^^*»fewStom»tiwlerAiii»iciolic
Clui *)W.UU        ^   »$tU«Ha"......,..;.!SepM8|h
-^'aetata V   Y   *W**l^i^\;*.'.»iSfe
Clan   $65.00 A. A ."St Paul-;........iM 2nd
w^*"'"^t^......;..oci w,
data   $4U.UU ~i e™*y feturdiy thereafter   '
Compiny'lOffioet: 6» SE.CONO AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
08 LOOAL BAIL AMD STEAMSHIP AOBNTS.
Furniture
tartest anl mast select stock It Waat-
arn Canal*,   laay feme  aal   boat
"T treatnuut. at war Mm trices.
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
Daily Launch Trips Up North Arm
tolion Biver, WUwam Un aal ell way potato.   _
landni, etc.  Manlaeaot senary.   "Oasts no aura
Tickets oil farther information: '
that sttrlat It town."
Harbour Shipping Co* Gore Ave. Wharf; Sey; 9590
High Class Dental Services at
very Mpderate Prices
OOLD AND POBOBLAIN OBOWN8, Etch I 5.00
BBTDOB WOBK, ptr Tooth. ...*..   t.00
PBBPEOT PITTINO FLAXES    10.00
AMALOAM FILLINOS     MO
ENAMEL -riLIiINOS.*.....          8.00
Disuses of thi gums, including Pyorrhii, successfully treated.
All work guaranteed.
Dr. BRpTT ANDERSON
Phoni Seymour S3S1 offlce:  ui Buk tf Ottawa Building
MB Hastings Street Werf
You Can Save Money
BTUSINO
Tango Street Car Tickets
8
Rides
for
THIS IS HOW IT WOBKS OCT
Si Bides at 32 Bides on Tour String On
A S Cent Fare Tango Tickets |1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00     60c
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
They ue Mid by conductors on tht cars, at the B.O. Blectric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Hastings streets and 1138 Granville itreet; the Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastlngi and Carrall streets and south end of
Oranvllle street bridge; Depotmaster's Offlce at Main and prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Car Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at the
places of business of the following firms throughout the dty:
OBANVILLB   STBEET-
Hudson's Ber Oo. All departments
Georgia itnot corner.
Gordon Drndala'a  (Notion    Coon*
tor) near Oonimuir.
Owl Drugitoro — Dunimutr atreet.
Harrison's   Drugstore —. Robion
atreet corner.
Broime ft Beaton, drugglati, Davit
street corner.
PiU Box Drugitoro — Nelion atroot
corner
Lav's Drugitoro — Da-rlo    atroot
corner
Harriion'■     Drugitoro — Pender
street corner.
rAlBVXBW—
Uarrlioa'i   Drugitoro — Granvillo
■treet  and   Seventh  avenue,
MOUNT  PLEASANT—
Law's Drugitoro ■— Near Broadway
OBANDV3W—
OanpkaU's Drugitoro — Broadway
anil Commorclal Drive.
STANLEY PABK—
Mitcholl'i  OonfecUoaorr— Georgia
■treet entrance.
HASTINGS STBEET—
Woodward's  Dipt,   atom    (Drag
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner,
flpaneer'i Dept.   Storo   (Oaahter'i
offloe, Information Bureau and Exchange Deski), near Richards.
Wood's Pharmacy—8eyinour Street
corner.
Campbell's Pharpaer — Granville
Street corner.
Owl Drugitoro—Main Street corner,
Harriion7! Drug Storo—Near Car-
rail itreet
MAIN STBEET—
Browne    a    Boston,     Druggliti,
Ponder itreet cornor.
Lew's   Drugitoro — Harrli atreet
corner.
CORDOVA STREET—
Owl   Drugitoro — Abbott itreet
corner
POWELL STBEET—
Owl    Drugstore — Dunlevy itreet
corner.
DENMAN  STREET—
(English Bap)
Terrenes
corner.
B.C. ELECTRIC
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St
Near Df vie
J PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
TilDAT SEPTEMBERS,!
MILITARY OUTFITS
Our Gents' Furnishings Department is1 now prepared to supply all your
military requirements in tho regulation make and color.
•KHAKI MILITABY SHIBTS, with two loose collars, two pockets,
shoulder straps, etc., in cotton poplin cloth; full and roomy. Thia is tho
shirt which we have supplied to the various detachments from Vancouver.   Sizes 14% to 17%.   Price , (3.00
Tics to match above shirt made from same material. Price, each... .75c.
KHAKI SOISETTE MILITARY SHIBTS—Very light weight, good wearing cloth, with a silk appearance; two loose collars and tie to match.
Complete for  (2.50
KHAKI Ft.ANEI, SHIRTS of the heavier weight. Suitable for the
cooler weathor, with two pocket's and collar to match. Sizes 14% to
17%.   Price...... .; (2.50
KHAKI HANDKERCHIEFS, in Irish linen) full size.  Price.. .2 for 25o.
PURE SILK HANDKERCHIEFS—Hemstitched; regulation color. Each
 ' , 50c. and 75c.
MILITARY GLOVES—Dent's make.  Good wearing quality; guaranteed.
Tan shade.   Price, pair (1.50, (1.75 and (2.00
MILITARY SUSPENDERS—In strong, durable  elastic  webbing  and
real leather ends.  Price .' 500. and 75c.
BACHELOR BUTTONS, that can he put on and taken off in a twinkling;
ready for immediate uee.   Price, per box 10c.
FOX'S PUTTEES—The original regulation puttees, as supplied to the
British Army.  The correct shade of khaki. Price  .(2.25.
J^iOh^BudsonsBauCompanij. M
x-t«   V i   - omaammma  >*ta     maaon t _*a_____t* tw-wMia ( J*"**^
GRANVILLE AND GEORGIA STREETS
Mother Jones Coining*
'Mother" Jones, noted organizer of
mine workera, now 84 years of age, has
informed J. G. Brown, president of the
International Union of Timber Workers, that she will be in Seattle about
October 1st to turn her attention to organizing shingle mill, sawmill and lumber camp laborers. She will speak in
lumbering towns of Washington, Oregon, California and perhaps British Co*
lumbia.
Dave" Cameron Hospital Director.
'Dave" Cameron, well-known in
New Westminster labor circles, and n
late president of the Trades and Labor
council of that eity, has been appointed
on the board of directors of the Boyal
Columbian hospital. The labor men of
the Boyal City requested such an appointment a year ago.
HOTEL REflFNT Absolutely Fireproof. Local and Long-Dlitance
nVlEiU JUiU&NI phone in Every RodkaCafe ln Connection. Rates
■  ier day up.   Attractive Rates to Permanent Guests.
•Things Cooked as You Like Them"
GOOD EATS CAFE
110 Cerdovi Street, Weit,     3 Hooks east of C. P. B. Station.
Take home one ot our Chicken Lootcs—half 75c, whole $1.50.
Trays delivered to til putt of tht elty it tny hour.
OPEN ALL NIGHT. Phont Seymour 3316,
E. B. Perry   ' P. L. Wood
L
FOR SOLID COMFORT
HOTEL BURRARD
J. McGILLIVARY, Froprittor
AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN PLAN
60 outalde, bright, airy roams
Two blocks from Labor Temple and Depot
404-406 CORDOVA STREET, WEST
Comer Homer Street Vancouver, B. C
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capital,.... »i6,ooo,ooo      But  »is^oo,ooo
ICila Offlct:  Comer Hutlngi ud QrauTille Struts, Vtaeonvar
'   OITT BRANCHES LOCATION
ALMA ROAD .......Cor. Foarth Arena, and Alma Road
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. Flral Anna, and Commercial DrlM
EAST END    Cor. Psndor anl Main Striata
FAIRVIEW .Cor. Sixth Anna, aad Oraarlll. Straet
HASTINOS and CAMBIE Cor. Huling. and Cambl. Street.
KITSILANO..... Cor. Fourth Ar.au. and few Street    ,
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Areou. aad Mala Stmt
POWELL STREET .Cor. Victoria Drir. and Powell Stmt
SOUTH HILL ,.,... Cor. Fortrfourth Arson, aad Fraier Road
Alto North VoncoUTtr Branch, Corner Lonsdale Arenne ud Esplanade
UNION -» OFFICES
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
OAK SUPPLY TOU WITH THS ALLIED PaHtQIO TRADES UKIOB LABEL
BA8LET* SONS, 151 Haitian Straet Seymour 111
BLOCHBEROER.F. R., tit Broadway Eut Fairmont I0S
BRAND a PERRY. 120 Pander Stmt, Welt Bsimonr I57»
BDBRARD PUBLISHING  CO.  711  Samosr Stmt   Seymoar  S830
CHINOOK FRINTINO CO., MOl Main Stmt  Fafrmoat 167*
CLARKE I STUART, 830 Sqrmoor Stmt  Seymour 0
COMMERCIAL PRINTIN8 A PCBUSHINO CO., . .World Bnlldiui, Say* «6««*S7
COWAN I BROOKHOUSE, Lahor Tempi. Bolldlol Sejmour IW0
DUNSMUIR PRINTING OO, AIT Duuimolr Stmt Seymour 1101
EVANS a HABTINGS, Arti aad Crafts Bids., Seymour St Sejmour 6660
ORANDVIEW PRINTERS, 1MB Commercial. Hlfhland 7«lt
JEWELUM. L., 841 Pender SI * Saymaor Itti
KERSHAW, J. A„ 611 Howa 81   Seymour 8674
LATTA, R P. 883 Gore Ate Seymour lose
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8861 Hsln St Fairmont 1188
HeLEAN I SHOEMAKER, North Vaoeouter N. Van. 58
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Roliou SU Sermour 4548
' NEWS-ADVERTISER, 801 Pender St      Saymour 1018-41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancourer N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Bulldlni Seymour ISIS
PEAROE A HODGSON, 618 Hamilton Street Seymoar Sell
ROEDDE. O. A., 010 Homer Stmt Sermour 184
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Cambie St.. Seymour 8509
TERMINAL CITT PRESS, S408 Weitmlmter Hold Fairmont 1140
THOMSON STATIONERY, 825 Halting! W Sermour 8620
T1MMS, A. H., J80 Fourteenth Are. E Fairmont MIR
WESTERN PRESS, 838 Cordora W Seymour 7566
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dunemulr St Seymour 8636
WHITE I BINDON, 167-160 Cordora St Sermour 1315
Writs "Oolon Label" at Tear Copy when Tea lead It ta the Printer
To The Trades Onions of British Columbia
Despite the industrial depression and financial stringency we feel we should make a special effort to increase the
circulation of The British Columbia Federationist, official
organ of the labor movement of Vancouver and Province of
British Columbia. To this end we ask the various labor organizations to take up the question of subscribing for The
Federationist by means of the payment of a per capita tax
on each member of ten cents per month, to be collected from
each member when he or she pay their monthly dues. We
feel confident that hundreds of trades unionists would be
willing to pay for the paper in this way, ahd would support
a movement in your organization along that line.
If the labor organizations of the city would take this
matter up and get their entire membership on the subscription list of The Federationist, the added circulation would
give the paper a standing in Vancouver that no other paper
could possibly have. The amounts collected from the mem-
b«rs of your union could be forwarded to The Federationist
office monthly, or at such times as are mutually agreed1 upon,
and the papers would be aent to the home of each subscriber. In this way a labor paper can be made the power it
ought to be in this city and province in building up the
movement industrially and politically.
Have your organization take the matter up aa speedily
as pouible and let ua know your decision in the matter.
B.C. Federationistt Labor Temple Bldg. Vancouver, RC
"Dave" Cameron, ez-presldeat of New
Westminster Trades and Labor oounoil, recently appointed to board of
directors of tho Boyal Columbia Hospital.
ARBITRATION AND
CONCILIATION IN
AUSTRAUA
(Continued from Page One.)
constituted. If he Ib unable to adjust the
matter, he refers it to the government.
The matter is then referred to tht
court, which proceeds to investigate the
matter and make an award. Up to Dee.,
1913, 142 eases were dealt with. Stoppage of work wae prevented in 83 cases,
while stoppages were curtailed in 58
cases. In only three caseB did conciliatory efforts fail.
Since March ,1914, the operations of
the special commissioner have been ma*
terially limited by a judgment given in
the court that since strikes and lockouts
are, forbidden under the act, a board
cannot hear an application from employers looking out their men, or from
mon on strike, though of course the parties had power to confer voluntary.
The act of 1912 also provided for con*
dilation by committees consisting of two
men from ench side ,and a chairman appointed by the government. These are
not, however, compulsory conferences,
and have no power to enforce an award.
If an agreement, however, is reached, it
ie registered under the act.
Whit South Australia Did.
In South Australia the conciliation
act of 1894 was the first aot in Australia
having compulsory powers. Although
the principles of this act hive now assumed considerable importance, the aot
itself proved abortive,
In the case of a dispute, the let' compelled i compulsory conference, whieh
could settle the matter or make an
award and enforce it. But only one matter eome. up for hearing, and many disputes were too small to be taken under
teh net. But many cases were settled
by'voluntary conferences.
By the act of 1911 the president ol
the arbitration court could compel a conference, and ahould it prove abortive, hi
could refer the matter to a court. To the
end of 1914, nine compulsory conferences were summoned—six before stoppage of work and three after. Three
were Bottled, two by agreements, and
one by an award of the court.
Poor Result ln West Australia *
In West Australia by the act of 1912,
the president of the arbitration court
can summon a compulsory conference,
and refer the dispute to a court. An
earlier act had provision for voluntary
conferences, but it was repealed later
on, as it proved abortive.
The act of 1902 provided for the voluntary reference of disputes to a board
of conciliation, but the board does not
appear to have been over successful in
settling disputes, since a large number
had to be passed to the court for final
settlement.
Under the compulsory provisions of
the act of 1912, seven conferences were
dealt with up to January, 1915—five before stoppage of work, and two aftor.
Two resulted in industrial agreements,
and in the case of the other five, the
conferences wore abandonod, and the
former conditions resorted to,
Queensland Peice Act.
In Queensland, the Industrial Peace
act of 1912 made provision for compulsory conferences. Any agreement arrived at was registered ia the court, and
became an award.
Up to February, 1915, ten such conferences were summoned—six after work
was stopped, and four before. In nine
cases agreements were reached, and in
one case the conference failed, and an
industrial board was appointed to deal
with the dispute.
July Lahor Beport. ,
During July industrial and labor conditions showed little change from those
of June, according to tho monthly summary issued by tho labor department.
The uBual midsummer lull, the report
says was apparent in many lines of industry, and, if anything, conditions were
quieter than in the previous month. The
recruiting in Canada of some 1790 mechanics far work in munition factories
in Great Britain had the effect of diminishing the supply of this class of
workmea in the Dominion, and the effort' to fill the scarcity improved opportunities of employment for skilled workers in metal and similar trades. Harvesting operations which became fairly
active in some localities by the end of
the month also afforded additional op*
portunities of employment.
Where it Came From.
England's outflow of surplus capital,
according to a recently printed estimate,
amounted in ante-bellum days to a billion and a half dollars a year. At the
same time at least ten per eent of England's population, according to reliable
estimates, lacked the necessities of a
healthy life, and at least twenty-five
per oent were well below the poverty
line. The so-called surplus stood for
bread that hungry English children
were not allowed to eat, for open tracts
of land that English workingmen, cooped up in tenement!, were not allowed to
till or cumber, and for an economic system which impoverished workers in order to load down shirkers with aa embarrassment of richei.
There are many styles of flirtation-
simple and complex, all-silk and imitation, full-length and abbrevated—each
with a different label, but all with the
same design.
Ea Cools Down
"Every time I see grandfather's
sword I want to go to war."
"Well!"
"But every time I notice grandfather's wooden leg I cool down."'
Cheerful Building figures, '
During August, fifty building permits
were issued in Vanoouver, valued at
$55,320. During August laat year, 78
permits, valued at $229,381 were .issued.
For the eight months, of this year ending August 31st, 475 permits, valued at
$1,2*93,351 were issued. For the first
eight months of last year, 1045 valued
at $2,761,631 were issued.
Tet Bread Ii Higher.
The biggest drop in the price of flour
at Ottawa since the war began took
place this week, when the price per bar*
rel on number one patents was marked
down 75 eents, making the price per
barrel now $6.25 and $6.30.
The luBt fall ln price wae June, when
it dropped from $7.80 to $7.00. The
highest it reached during the last 12
months was $8.30 per barrel. The price
at the beginning of the war was $5.1
so that if flour comes down another 50
cents it will have fallen to the level of
prices before the war.
Flour has dropped all over the Dominion, yet Vancouver bakers have just
raised the price of bread. And the city
council helped them.   Whyl
"What did Bastus git married forf'
"Lawd only knows, chile.   He keeps
right on .workin'.'1
Phone Soymonr 8880
New Blectric Auto Bas Meets all Beats and Trains Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Moit
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ;  100 with Private Baths
EUEOPEAN PLAN, $1.00 per Day up.
COB. DUNSMUIR ind RICHARDS STREETS VANCOUVEB, B.O.
Absolutely Fireproof
THE ixmjs
"Serves Ton Bight'
HOTEL LOTUS
Oor. Abbott ind Pender
VANCOUVER, B, C.
Europein Plin
Boom with detached Bath for $1.00
per day up. ,
Boom with Private Bath for $1.50
per day up.
Grill unsurpassed; moderate prices.
Our Free Auto Bus meets all boats
and trains.
Provincial Hotels Co., Ltd.
Proprietors
W. V. Moran, Resident Manager       Howard J. Sheehas, President
% iwii>
VANCOUVER, B.C.
The most progressive and enterprising newspaper
in British Columbia.
Strictly independent in politics—the mouthpiece
of no corporation—the organ of no party.
Full Associated Press Service and Special War
News daily.
T. P. O'Connor cables a letter twice a week on the
war as it relates to British politics and public men.
The World's Editorial Page makes a strong appeal
to all classes.
A new novel complete every week.
Scoop, the Cub Reporter, every evening, is a sure
cure for "the blues."
Correspondents in evfery district.
The World advocates prohibition of the liquor
traffic during die war.
Subscription price by mail in Canada and British
possessions, $3 per year in advance.
Subscription price by mail to the United States,
$6 per year in advance.
By carrier delivery in Vancouver and Greater
Vancouver—
10 cents per week—or $5 per year in advance.
THE WORLD LIMITED John Nelson, Managing Director
An Ideal Home
!■'■ S    I ' . '
For $2,500
I will sacrifice my bouse and two lots, 66 feet frontage
by 122 feet depth, in 800 block, Eighth avenue east, for immediate sale; modern cottage; improved; lots more than
worth the money; mortgage oan be arranged. Biggest snap
in Vancouver. Am going to the front in a few weeks, Apply 857 Eighth avenue east, Vanoouver, B. C.
ter I
„
ictor
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
1
DAVID SPENCER, LTD,
Spencer's Boys' Shoes
Specially built for hardwear
These shoes are built to our special order with an extra heavy shank
continued through and forming part of the. heel: This is the foundation
for the solid wear that every parent, is looking for.
BOYS' BOX CALF CHROME BOOTS—Solid throughout, built with two
full soles through to the heel; stout uppers, on broad, easy fitting last.
Sizes i to 7**4; price  $1.75
Sizes 8 to 10%; price ,' $1.85
Sizes 11 to 13%; price   ' $2.45
Sizes 1 to 6%; price '. $2.85
BOYS' BOX CALF BOOTS—This is a slightly lighter ahoe than the
Chrome but haB the same heavy shank and sole feature. A flrat class ohoe
for Bchool or best. ■*.':■.,
Sizes 4 to 7%; price  $1.85
Sizes 8 to 10%; price $2.25
Sizes 11 to 13%; price  , , $2.65
Sizes 1 to 5; price. $3.00
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCER, LTD. I OAVID SPENCER, LTD.
THE  BEST IN THE WEST
HOTEL ST. REGIS
WILLIAM J. BUTLER, Manager.
European Plan Amerlcin Plin
Room, II and 11.60 per Diy.   . |2.50 to 13.50 per Diy
Boom, with Bith, $1.50 ud tt per Diy
THREE BLOCKS FROM DEPOT  .
THREE BLOCKS PROM WHARVES
ORE BLOOK WBST OP
LABOB TEMPLE
Cor. Seymour and Dunsmuir Sta.        Most Central Locition in Vincouver
Printers and
Labor Temple
Building
Phone Sty. 4410
rrinteraofThefaD.
Some Questions and Answers Concerning the B. C. Consumers' League
1. What is the B. C. Consumers' League}
The League is an organization made up of mafly of the
most representative people of Vancouver and vioinity. Any resident of B. C. may become a member, and the constitution provides for sections or branches throughout the Province. There
are no dues or fees.
2. What persons are conducting the League's affairs!
The president of the League is Mrs. JI G. Kemp, who for
many years has been a leader in public servioe organizations in
this Provinoe; the vice-president ia Mrs, Ralph Smith, who is
also very well known for public-spirited work; the treasurer is
Mr. James Hart, secretary of the B. C. Manufacturers' Association; the seoretary is Mr. J, Herbert Weloh, writer, editor and
publicity specialist. Represented by two members each on the
Board of Directors are the Women's Forum, Local Council of
Women, King's Daughters, Vancouver District W. C. T. U.,
South Vancouver Women'8 Forum, Women's Institute of Central Park, Board of Trade, Manufacturers' Association, Industrial Bureau, Retail Merchants' Association, Retail Grocers' Association.
■3.   What are the objecta of the Leaeguaf
To encourage B. C. production in industrial, agricultural,
mineral and all other useful lines.
. To promote the preferential buying in B. C. firat, of the
products of B. C; second, of Canada; third of the British Empire in general.
To bring the producer and consumer more closely together
for purposes of mutual benefit.
To insist upon healthfulness and purity in foodstuffs, and
the maintenance of high standards in all B. C; products..
To safeguard the interests of B. C. consumers.
To influence consumersr to pay cash, or if not, to pay
bills promptly.      •
To influence consumers to shop aa early as possible, and to
regulate their buying so as to make deliveries as few as possible.
4. What is the special need for the League in B. C.t
The huge sum of $22,000,000 a year, or above $70,000 on
each business day, is being sent out of the Province for agricultural products such as are grown here. Nearly as much is being sent away for manufactured goods. The immense amount
of money leaving the Province day after day and year after
year is enriching other oentres at the heavy expenae of British
Columbia.  There is urgent need to stop this.
What practical, patriotic work can the League accomplish?
The League can arouse the consumers of the Province to
the great importance of keeping in local channels of circulation as much as possible of the money now going out, and can
influence thousands of individual consumers to give the preference in their buying to B. C. products, thus bettering the
market for articles made or grown here; stimulating industry
and agriculture, increasing the opportunities for employment,
both for those here and for the soldiers when they return from
their heroic defense of British institutions; and, in general,
bringing about in B. C. a new area of progress and prosperity.
6. What are the League's chief plans for accomplishing
these purposes!
One of the plans is to remind all consumers, and keep reminding them, through the newspapers, bulletin boards, and
other mediums of publicity, that they oan change hard times to
good times if enough of them will give the preference in their
buying, price and quality being equal, to the products of British Columbia. Another plan is to have thousands of consumers
sign cards pledging themselves to give this preference. A
campaign is under way to obtain five thousand signatures
within two months, The aim is ten thousand signatures before
the end of the year.
7. Why is it important for me to sign a pledge oard, give
the preference, and induce others to do likewise f
Beoause the League needs your aid in this big, vital work
for more B. C. production and prosperity.
League offices: 183 Pender street welt .(Industrial Bureau
Building).  Telephone Seymour 4242.
J. HERBERT WELOH,
Seoretary.

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