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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 20, 1915

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(Ia Vueraw \
|Failure of Hague Tribunal
Does Not Damp Hopes
for the Future
letter International Understanding Needed Among
Working Class
| [Special Australian Correspondence.]
Sydney, N. S. W,, July 80.—At the
Australian commonwealth annual labor
conference just held at Adelaide, South
Australia' the matter of the settling of
national wars by arbitration came up
'for diaoussion. It was decided by conference that "the settling of international disputes should be by a oounoil
of civilized nations."
Wast Universal Arbitration
. To .further this end, the conference
I * decided that the Australian labor party,
believing that the time had come when
the nations should be prepared to settle their differences in a more rational
and humane method,, favored an alliance
of nations pledged to settle their international differences more in accord*
ance with enlightenment   and  intelli
railwaymen's investigatiori'board was reached last Friday when final arguments were presented by each side,
in summarizing their cases. The morning session was
taken up with a lengthy and technical discussion of
the status of motormen in respect to the agreement
with the eompany. With the termination of the open sessions in the
afternoon, the board retired into private conclave to consider their
finding, and have been occupied with that work this week. It is not
possible to conjecture with any degree bf-certainty what the terms
of the award will be, or when it will be publicly available. But to
judge from the mass of varied evidenoe submitted, it is not likely
anything will be known for a week or two. Below will be found
main points of the final arguments:
Mr. Hoover, in dosing his case for
Brief Meeting Disposes of a
Good Deal of Important Business
the men, said: *■■*■■'
"In the outset of my statement, I wish to submit out views on
the question of wage principles involved. While a fair wage for any
kind of work cannot be determined
with mathmetical precision, and is in
some measure a broad question of judgment, yet we submit that there are certain principles or rules which are clearly marked and which must guide the
board in the exercise of its judgment.
Baals of Wago Claims   >
First—Wages_ ought certainly to be
years, to the year 1010, when the men
received their last increase, to make
comparison, on the coat of living at
that time, with the eost at the present
Ume, Also to note the fluctuations in
the cost of living between these periods, which on account of the high
prices and inflated values in all commodities, which gradually rose from the
year 1910 and reached its height in the
latter part of 1913, had the effect of reducing the purchasing power of the
men's wages since that time. *    v
"During all theBe five years the
wages of most trades and occupations
(except Btreet railway men) have risen
to meet .the increased cost of living to
no loWer than thoso which prevailed in! such an extent that; to make any com*
the past yeara.    By wages we mean parison between the street railwaymen
what economists term, 'real wages,' or and other trades at this time is moat
value received.   Thus, if it takes one unfair,
dollar now to purchase what 60 cents I Company and Unemployed
would have bought a few years aeo, a     1<The eomp0     has refe„ed to the
,. „„„.„.»„„.„. _\*™!>™l'«W?>*'»l°™OF™W,\monJ of   unemployment  throughout
genie by referrfng such matters to arbi-"^»™.rf,e!*;™5«"M P"? in. Canada, as proof ttat they can get
"ration. As a means of putting this •"••V »» ht^^X!T; *» Hd..Jpto»^ rf m(™ »* a leM ">*> of W«S88-
into operation, it was decided that theL.Sf^'^i.^Lf^ltelMl'Oran&iig that this is true, it does not
above resolution should be a plank of £"*■'?. l,v IAZ K» ?J\Jtt ""** «»* ""> °«*W»y «»n ?et » "*'*
the Australian labor platform, that a , J™*1' Xf.w"k £ "Jf *""*!'aBi°"? Anient number of men ot the kind which
committee be appointed to bring it nn-i'f»E0°8ible' or U " "I"1"' «re,ter. they need at this time,* particularly under tho notice of the workers of other I .J™.1. «._„. ,„. „„_.„«„■—'..v' der* the present trying conditions of
countries/and that suoh action Bhould |„„„"k?T.-fj.,iVL^yi.^LT*„ competition an* operation, which re-
be taken as would be best able to bring; WW. w„h.!c>„*1? f?JS ?"" **L"q£™**.w q«-™ men of the wghest degree of skill
about nnited action in.the interests o!: T**** '»•' *,1M?°"/B.fAe*m)±,™ ! *>»d "fflclency.
_....„- , . ■ days per week, ought at the minimum     llnn ^       * ,     ....
^"   *       B»-•Hi.f.n.. IM t" *><• sufflcient to maintain a normal]      ,Tfce80 are quahtio. I believe  the
*,   S\   B0WBM<1™"7 I family (husband, wife and three eUl. ■ employee* of this oompany have to as
In debating the matter, the leading dren under earning age) in health and ''Sa> or higher degree on the average,
sneakers nt the conference pointed ont I reasonable comfort. We believe that ""ln n,iJ* o"1" °°^7 oi men in tbe same
that the Hague tribunal had been tried, i «he resources of this country are amply !line ot WOI'k °n thiB continent. All
,and the present war had proved that j Bnffleient t0 maj,,tRin 8UCh a standard' '*">** railway companies know and ad-
any decision of such a body, no matter Lnj ti,at jt j8 8eif eTiae„t that the mit'that the highly skilled man, even
how ,iuSt had no effect on a nation ani-1 eountry e0n not be sound, healthy and »* * WgW' *™g'*l> i« «"•' all the cheap-
mated ,by the lust of conquest.   It was happy under any other basis. I es*». w-*eh compared with the unskilled
then no use having beautiful theoretical j    < < j,**01]rth Wages for any* such work mnn at a l*-*****-* wage.
ideas unless accompanied by. practical I should in(!reaM ab0Te this minimum in | Wages Not Beduced Elsewhere,
propositions to give them effect. Thns proportion to the skill and endurance J".Zt t^X,X. ttZ^ihTyht.
there should be some means of settling J,,*^, aad tlie ^ponribiUty and risk | „wtv°°'„.S'' °'„!» iTLiwJS
internet kraal disputes. The confer- ..?„_„*. 0ti„,rai,a inopntlvo for nro- when tnousands nre out of employment
ence was strongl/of the opinion that | ™Zlni ^^ke$Wb\Z&*°V*^ tU5 "TO *!^&n
tho old idea of secret d plomacy should 8 «w" j„ nntnrmn tw the fnrcmS: WRRC'S been nimei ■»••>» those being
give way to'a methoK whereby the L, ^ ™iV\ffi>liT which sD poWhy the company, is the indisputable
voice   of* the   peoplo .Should   decide XeratfcUrf in ito 4e^^ T5e
.I.J.M Ik. J..1...J .. goje'n we noaro in its ^ewrminaiion, i jjti      fc      reductions have been made
?i* £«?- ™, &^V-_fc£_-i.; are still lying a higher^verago rate
than the B. O. B. B. company.   In the
are clear and in'accordance with reasonable and sound public policy.   We sub
Iwhether a war should bo declared or
lind tho Broken Bead
The.greater number Of the speaker.
ton the mattpr wera nf the oninlon that tf tf	
I the real solution of the problem of war | or else of uncerfaii value"
liny In the intrductlon of international
■incialism.   The workers should demand
|that they have a say in the matter of
ted by the company i. either immaterial, *« _] ^SZVed Z?__l
Wages Other Companies Fay
"Any evidenoe submitted tending to
ma wMch coicera^d'them" mostrttrily'!j Pr0.v.e *at «" company is pacing wages j
—        '"" nnomnllalied   thorn as high, or higher, than the wages paid I     « ,r—.- —  ■-.-■• --.---—
would bo no  war.. Directly this war by ?thcf companies for similar work,*P^JS'- tb!,:°»^L*™i? SS
streot car men have received no reductions anywhere. On the contrary are
getting increases in many places.
Tlie Importance of Skill.
From every point of view it Ib ira-
^•n"tMiWw^M.o^ ?8 ^fb or W8her»"th^ the wag'es paid
wmild ho no   wnr    Directlv this  wnr by otller compamea for similar work, . . .
p. over, e«r™ vlltoel^tlon  hoZ | would not in itself be evidence that this a tho=hly trained  permanent body
fasten   to   advocate international dis- "™P*>ny's wages are fair.   It wou^d of   -notomen,   end1  eonduc "™!    well
armament, and the future workers ™tIle'to cvldonc? that *« w»6f,s P»id ^•,S*Lt?^S™,S^1^ ^rt
ihould be taught not to Aght each other, Jy •*""* companies wore equally nn- (the addedi knowledge whuA comes with
L-i i._- ,i„„.i. ^__ a-l? j ifair. iexpenence  and long yeara of service.
1...t to amalsnmate for the"common goodi !*■■•'•        , !■■ i experience and long years of sen*
tnternational socialism was the true re*' •*»«■• » proof of fair wages, it i>' Jh« .vnf' *b'»f «« *?! ** f» W*
nedy, and if all the workers 0f the P'?"^ *-v*d'-nt tbat the employees of a point consistent with the hardships
yorld combined, war would be a thing *W» fW could never hope for any and difficulty which belong to the wort;
if the past.-W F. Ahem. "**— ",*™ "" *•'-*—■■'--• -' --■-■   »'"1 **-*■■ «■• -"""•'»' nualiAeation. and
■Albert   Oosselin  Will   Bepresent   International at Uie Congress
thing above the highest level at present and with tho special qualifications and
maintained by any company—which "k*** which it requires dike from tho
would be absurd. man in his first year and the man in his
1010 and 1913 Agreements tenth or fifteenth year of Bervieo.
Mr. Murrin hai stated that the last1   ? the company will pay  the   rates
The i
■-      JIM.   JI.U111U   JIM   .MWU   MM*.    Wit   IMl ...       ..**      _^.    ^.-..a.",."  _J,t     Jl-JA,
_^^ wage, agreement was based on boom ^___±I___,^_"iJ^__t
thirty-first annual conveation of conditions, that it represented the peak J*» "f^SSSu?&!--^^£X-m»
the Trades and Labor congress of Can- of generoi treatment by any large rail £?___*_ _t_fl ? * KSSl
ada will convene in Lnbor Wple, Van- way company, and one whicl it was Un- ««»»»«•» «Jd »"f«* VlSta.,/2S__
couver, B. C, Monday, Septembir 20, possible to maintain under the altered »•»,Jjj «U "JJLgf J?™J2taJS ta
1915. Albert GosBelln, member of the conditions since that time. We have K"°f,«'^A SV?SZuM
executive board for the eighth dls- submitted tables showing the compara- ** «*lXZt^\£lli„J% the ,tan
trict, was elected a delegate by the tive rate of wages received by the 1910 J « *».th«»d^^ r„Z,,„itv
Kansas City convention to represent agreement, and tho 1913 agreement. ItW mi the whole <">n»^<"a^-
the Journeymen Stone Cutters' associ-1   "They show beyond a doubt that the Wbat the Company Bald:
!iatlon at this convention. The approaoh- wages of the men on en average aro "That this company realizes that
ing session will probably be tie most now lower than they would be if the it ],„„ BmB B ),ody 0f men noWi js
important meeting ever held by the men still had the 1910 wages. All that proved ),„ the fact that the General
Trades and Labor congress. In addi- is'necessary to prove that statement la Superintendent came and addressed the
tion to many legislative questions of that we made an offer right here be-; men a jew montha ag0, asking them to
vital importance to labor, a great num- fore this board to the company, to re-100.0perate wjt|, t^e compan3r ja mcet-
ber of difficulties arising out of the vert back to the old 1910 agreement, an j„. the 0omp8tition of the jitney-buss*
present European confiict, as well as offer which was very promptly turned eB|>
the present industrial situation in Can- down by the company, which is indis- Ia talking to the men on that occas-
adn, will come bofore the delegates for putable proof that the 1913 rates are 9ion) h(! rcferred to the splendid op-
i consideration and action.   Those of our not boom rates. portunity there was for the   men   to
local unions who may havo questions Wages Really Declined create a public sentiment in favor of
which they wish_ brught beforo the com-1 "The present rates are not boom the company. That tho hundreds of
Ing meeting should communicate at ni(08| a8 jw are about the same as men who work on the cars for this com*
once with Brother Oossolln, as the rales tboite adopted in 1910 when conditions pnny, come in daily contact with thou-
i governing the convention necessitate wei*o fairfy normal. We have not only sands of citizens; and that a word well
the presentation of all resolutions to received no beneAt in the way of in- spoken for the company would help in
the secretary-treasurer ten days prior creased wages whioh almost all other tho creation of a different feeling in
to the date of the opening of the eon-; trades secured to meet the increased the minds of the citizons about tho
vention.—Stone Cutters' Journal. jco8t   of living, but we have suffored a company itself.
 ™ ! reduction in our real wages in propor-     This is his idoa of co-operation.   The
Local Carpenters' Delegate tion as the oost of living has increased, men are to do everything and tho com*
George H. Hardy has been elected as ,   " The employees ns a whole have re- pany nothing.   This sumo officer comes
I delegate to the congress convention by i ceived no beneAt from the 1913 agroo* bofore your board and asks to have tho
I local 617, Brotherhood of. Carpenters.    Intent, so that we have to go back Ave wages of those men reduced as ho can
get plenty of men at 30 por cent, less
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^    wages than nre nbw.bcing paid.
these men leave the service of the
company, because the company can get
others. While we are here before your
board endeavoring to retain the few
working conditions and the wages that
:we now have, the company are showing
other evidences of their ideas of cooperation and help.
"The trouble with this company is
.that it has n wonderful feeling of co-
i operation when there is any danger of
jits own pocket being affected but no
such feeling whenever there is no such
Men's Duties and Responsibilities.
'' The work whieh motormen and conductors do, is not simply uniform work
made up of constant mechanical mo-
tins. The conditions are never the
sn me one minute after another. It is
trying, laborious work, which imposes
a strain upon the body and mind.
"Tt requires knowledge, skill, presence of mind, good- judgment", tact,
courtesy, diligence, patience, loyalty and
many other qualifications. The motor-
men and conductors are the life blood
of the company, in fact arc the company while they are on duty. The pro-
ducticn of proflt* for the company depends to a large extent upon the habits,
honesty and good judgement and tact
Tuesday won two victories in the legal war which has
succeeded the strike pf Colorado coal miners. The
state supreme court granted a writ of superscdas, preliminary to a review of the John B. Lawson case, and
at the same; time: barred Judjge Granby Hillyer from
presiding at future trials growing out of strike disorders, The Law-
son supersedes stays the execution of the sentence of life imprisonment pronounced by Judge Hillyer upon the labor official after his
conviction of first degree murder at Trinidad last May. Lawson
still is in jail, the court having deferred settlement of the question
of'admitting him to bail. •  . ■
By granting a writ of prohibition barring. Judge Hillyer from
hearing three strike- trials at Walscnburg, attorneys believe the
court has, in effect ended Hillyer's connection with strike cases, as
the motion decided to-day was admitted to be a test of the supreme
court's attitude toward the jurist who was-charged with bias by
reason of having been an attorney for the coal mining companies.
Several hundred cases still are to be tried in the third district,
which includes the coal, mining fields near Trinidad and Walscnburg. ..Hillyer was appointed to the bonch last spring by Governor
George'A. Carlson, in compliance with a law enacted at the last session of the legislatureproviding for an additional judge in the third
Idistrict. •
President  of  Trades and
Labor Congress Made
Short Address
A good average attendance of delegates waB present' when president McVety called the council to order at- 8
o'clock last night, Four new credentials were received.
Executive Board Beport
Letter carriers would have liked: to
have Hon. Charles Casgrain, postmaster-
general, address the council, but as he
only stayed here one day, that was not
possible. Saskatoon Trades and Labor
Council sent a very lengthy circular re
organising relief of the unemployed.
CongMM Reception Oommlttee
Delegate Pettipiece reported on the
plans made to entertain the delegates to
the Trades and Labor Congress convention next month. Full details of this
appear in another1 fcolumn. The committee's work was endorsed. Preaident
J. C. Watters, of the Congress at this
time entered the'meeting, and. was
called to the platform by the president.
Ttae President's Beport -
Preaident McVety stated that the
City Council .would1 send the $1000 pro*
iniseil to entertain the delegates to the
Congress convention with, but wished
the couneil to wait for it until a Uttle
later. Mr. F. A. Ahefn, Sydney, N.'S.
W., wrote assuring the council of his
intention to have the employment of
Orientals in B, C, lumber mills brought
before the federal parliament of Australia. Machine shops were discriminating against union men in the carrying
out of war contracts. The Vancouver
Engineering Company was a particular
example of this, and the whole oircum-
stances had been brought to the attention of Hon. T. W. Crothers, federal
minister of labor, tbe president had
been busy sinee the lest meeting In connection with the etreet rallwaymen's
inquiry, and negotiations of the longshoremen.       .     ''
Beports of Unions   '
Pressmen are negotiating with local
newspapers for a new agreement cov-
eriug wage scale and working conditions, Cigarmakers reported they were
still'busy agitating ror the consumption of locaf made cigars. Results up
to now had not been too encouraging.
President W&tters Speaks
Mr, Watters was invited by the chairman to address the council. During his
speech he, said that the depression prevailing had produced much apathy in
the labor movement. He urged the
delegates to make evory effort to keep
their unions intact until times improved. He dealt at considerable length
with the legislative work of the Trades
and Labor congress of Canada which,
in his opinion, deserved the support of
organized labor, not only, because of
legislation it had secured, but also on
account of bad legislation which had
been proposed, but the pressing of
which had been prevented by the alertness* of the congress. He did not consider the department of labor safeguarded the interests of labor nearly
aa much as the department of agriculture looked after the farming and commercial classes. In this connection he
criticised at some length the working of
the Industrial Disputes .act which, in
his opinion, by no means an unmixed
blessing to the working class. His experiences in Ottawa had*convinced him
thnt n good deal of the work of the
federal parliament was little short of
rascality. No matter whieh of the old
parties was in office, the criticism of
the other was* never any more sincere
than a desire to make party capital.
Most of the members were mannikins
—not men—who did what"" they were
told when they were requested to did it by the party whips. What
parliament needed was men—not politicians, and it was* for the working
class to send them from its own ranjts.
JAMES C. WATTERS, president of the Tradei and Labor Congress of Canada, whose home prior to his election to'
the presidency at the Calgary convention in 1911 was
Victoria, returned to Vancouver from Vancouver island
on Monday last. President Waiters will make Vancouver
his headquarters for the next three weeks, in an endeavor
to'Stimulate interest in the forthcoming Vancouver convention of
tho Congress.- He addressed the central labor body delegates here
last night, and will be present at next Wednesday evening's session
of New Westminster Trades and Labor council. Since his arrival
Mr, Watters has been visiting local unions every evening.'' At Wednesday evening's meeting of the' convention committee President
Watters expressed himself as well pleased with the arrangements
being made for the entertainment of the visitors from all parts of
Canada. "In spite of the industrial depression, intensified by the
war, a fairly representative delegation to the convention is nevertheless assured," said President Watters to The Federationist this
morning. "Naturally," continued Mr. Watters, "the subject of unemployment will occupy considerable attention at the hands of the
convention. Of course, such legislation as Workmen's compensation, etc., will reoeive consideration. But the: unprecedented situation arising out of the European conflict will necessarily demand
the greatest measure of oare and judgment to conserve the interests
of the workers both during the period of the war and after/'
Large Numbers Am Enlisting or Leaving til* Olty Every Day
Wm. Murdoch and Alex. McLean,
both Vancouver boys and members of
Vancouver Typo, union, No, 226, have
enlisted for overseas service in the
d and have already left for Vernon
training camp. As in the case of others gone before their cards will be
cared for by the union.
O. A, Rowan, who will be remembered
among Vancouver unionists as secretary
of the Britannia Miners' union some
two years ago, with'headquarters in.the
Labor Temple, is away at the front—■.
and a sergeant at that.
Earl B, Pettipiece, a member of the
O, B. T., and for the past year or so
employed on the O. T. P. at McBride,
B. 0., youngest brother of B. P. Pettipiece, was among the last draft which
sailed for England some weeks ago, from
Vernon camp.
Huiiger-scription has induced many
trade unionists to enlist during the
past few weeks in Vancouver. As a
result of this and the general exodus
of unemployed to all corners of the
earth local transfer companies are doing a rushing business, shipping and
storing household goods,, with a consequent number of empty, houses in all
parts of the city.  .
Recruiting is going on at the rate of
about 50 a day in Vancouver; about 30
a day in Victoria and in about the
same ratio in other parts of the province, sheer necessity, making most of
the decisions.
Many Carpenters Enlisted.
Organizer .T. A. Kinney of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners,
speaking ot Winnipeg last week, said
that over 40 per cent, of the active
membership in Canada had joined the
various military bodies, and were either
at the front or in active training for
service. This upplied to all unions in
Manitoba, Alborta and. Saskatchewan,
nnd he believed the proportion in British Columbia was also great.
A. F. of L. Delegate WlU AttMd Van-
couver Congress Convention.
Harry 3: Conway seeretary-treasurer
| of the Detail Clerks'Protective asioeia-
'tion, with headuarters at Lafayette,
'Ind., will be the fraternal delegate from
he American federation of Labor to
[the Vancouver convention of the Tradea
and Labor congress of Canada next
Owing to unsettled conditions consequent upon the war there will be no
fraternal delegate this year from the
British Trade Union congress, and for
the some reason Alphonse Verville, M.
P., will not go to Britain as Canada's
representative from the congress.
Council Congratulates Bigg,
Last week the eity council of Winnipeg congratulated Alderman B. A.
Bigg on his election to the provincial
legislature of Manitoba, and presented
Mrs. Rigg with a bouquet, As secretary of Winnipeg Trades and Labor
couneil "Dick''has also received many
expressions of pleasure at his election.
Old Kootenallan la the Olty
William MacAdoms of Edmonton,
who has been on the coast for some
.days, left for home during tho week
■via Prince Bupert. "Billy" was edi-
otr of the Daily Capital in the northern
Alberta capital up fo the time'of its
■uspension some weeks ago.
Ntw Westminster Typo. Scale,
I. T. U. Representative B. A. Stoney
I of New Westminster has succeeded
this week in securing a new ngreement
with the Daily 'Columbian nnd other
printshops of the Royal City, it being
.practically a renewal of the old agree*
'ment. '
No Labor Day Oelehration Here
For reasons patent to any wage-
worker in Vancouver the Trades and
Labor council will make no special provision for a Labor Day celebration this
year. Two weeks later the Trades and
Labor congress of Canada will be meeting in eonvention in the Labor Temple,
and the task of caring for that gathering will be sufficient for the unionists of Vancouver to tackle daring the
next few weeks.
Printers' Delegates to Congress
Messrs. Geo. Bartley and W. B. Trotter will represent Vancouver Typo*
graphical union, No. 226, at congress
convcnti--*! "nxt month. Fred. Fowler
of the World chapel attended the Los
Angeles convention of the I. T. TJ. ns a
Vancouver delegate, accompanied by
Mr.*. Fowler, both of them having taken
In the Panama Exposition at San Francisco en route. ™.
B. 0. F. of L. Delegate
President Andy Watchman of the
British Columbia Federation of Labor,
Victoria, will attend the congress eonvention here next month, having been
elected at the Nanaimo convention of
the Federation last January.
Western Fuel Picnic
The Western Fuel eompany of Nanaimo gave a picnic to its employees
last week, at Departure Bay. Only
employees of the eompany were there.
Mayor Planta snd a local clergymen
were the speakers.
Plumbers' Delegate
Councillor F. W. Wehh, South Vnncouver, has been elected by the Vancouver local of the Plumbers, to represent that union at the Trades and Labor congress of Canada eonvention here
next month.
of the motormen and conductors in dealing with all kinds of people.
"Thoy havo to bear In mind that,
in making quick stops, the adhesion of
the wheels to the rails is just as important as having proper braking pressure;
and that the adhesion changes sometimes changes very quickly with tho
condition of the rail.
"A shorter stop can be made on a
bud rail, with the'whcels turning, than
can be made with the wheels skidding.
Therefore it is very important for
motormen to know tho condition of tho
rail, applying brake pressure accordingly when it is necessary to mako n
quick stop.
Avoidance of Accidents.
"Presence of mind, und care in avoiding accidents, nro part of the many
duties of a motorman; although they do
not come into the part of the business of picking up passengers, to such i
large extent as they do in avoiding accidents to people and vehicles on the
"A motorman is alwayB under the
risk of the sudden appearance of a fire,-
department rig, running at a high rate
of speed from a side atreet; of automobiles, runaway horses, bicycle riders,
and so on; not merely nt stfeet crossings
but everywhere else.
"There iB also the risk of persons
stepping carelessly in front of your ear,
nnd of children playing in the streets,
Prompt Action and Speed.
"These risks must be observed before
the car reaches the point of danger,
and the car must be kept under perfect
control at all times; which is a very
hard thing to do at the speed the men
nre required to run in this eity,
"In addition to tho skill and knowledge required of n motorman, and the
risks he must assume, he Is under a constant strain on body and mind, working
nine hours or more per day and standing on his feet or sitting on a amall
hard springless stool subject to the con-
(Continued on page 8).
I. B of M.-of-W. E. Delegate
J. Bridle, secretary of Souris Lodge,
No. 174, of the International Brotherhood of Mnintennnce-of-Wny Employees, Suris, Manitoba, will be a dele-
gnti to the Vancouver convention of
the .Trades und Labor congress of Canada, whieh convenes on Soptomr"
He will bo nccompanied by Mrs. Bridle
and their three children.
Brass Workers' Delegate
Jamea Daly, of Montreal local, No.
.120, will represent the International Association of Brass Workers at the Congress convention here next month.
Local Machinists' Delegate
J. T. BrookB, secretnry of the local
congress committee, has been elected
jby Machinists' lodge, No. 182, to represent tho "nut-splitters" nt the big
j convention next montn.
Local Mixologists' Delegates
H. Davis and C. R. Lear will represent the Bartenders' local, No. <J7fl, at
the Congress convention next' month.
Laborers' International Delegate
.Tohn Sully, of Vnncouver, will bo the
representative of the Internntionnl Laborers' union at the congress convention, having this week been delegated
to do so by tho oxecutive board of
that organization.
Spokane Typo Visitor.
A. F. Wilson is a typo visitor in Vancouver nnd Victoria thiB week, from
Spokane. Mr. Wilson wns n member of
The Province chapel here Borne four
yojirn ago, nnd took un activo pnrt in
union affairs.
I Boilermakers' Secretary in Hospital
j Angus Fraaer, veteran secretary of
>tho Botlcrmukors' union, is in the hospital with appendicitis. His many
! friends in the lnbor world will bo
jplt-nsed io leurn tJ.nt Sj will soon bo
around again.
1    , Labor Day at Prince Bupert
Prince Ruport will hold a Lnbor Day
celebration. Close upon $300 hus al-
ready been collected in the way of
sports prises. In tho evening a big
"Bmoker" will bo held.
Oalgary Stops Overtime.
Calgary city council lias abolished ull
overtime on civic work.   The workmen
will be permitted from now on to work
no more than eight hours a day.
Longshoremen Raise Wages.
Sun Perdo, Cal., members of the Long-
[shoromen's Union have secured, a wngo
j increase ns tho result   of   conferences
I with employers.
Favorable   Conditions  for
the South Blocked
by B.C. Finns
Local Situation Precariour
Due to Obetiniwy of
The Longshoremen's Union in the Pa- ■
dflc coast district, whieh extends from*.-
San Pedro in the south, to Prince Bu-;;
Ipert in the north, hsve for some ttaej!
I past been endeavoring to negotiate a"
uniform wage scale, based on the Sao'
Francisco rates.
Attitude of the South.
Employers in the south hare conceded
the requests of the union in respect ta
both wage scale and closed shop copdi-J.
-tions. in Seattle the employen haver
voluntarily offered the men increased
wages and other improved conditions,
which, It is expected, will meet wit*'tha.
'approval of a, considerable number of!
the longshoremen in tint pert.
There is, however, a proviso to this,
that it will be given On condition that
British Columbia shipping companies
nre willing to settle on a similar basis..
Meanwhile all agreements in the south.
are held up.
*'    Obstinacy of B. 0. Companies.
The British Columbia companies, however, in spite of long and patient effort on the part of tbe longshoremen to
bring them to see the fairness of adopting the Seattle scale, have shown all
'along, an obstinate desire not to do so,
despite the serious situation which those
closest to the facts feel may eventually
arise if this attitude of the companies Is
persisted in.
Ooucesdons By the Men.
The. position of the longshoremen in
this province have always   been   the.
most unfavorable on the coast,, both as
regards wages and working conditions.
Since the war commenced,the companies,
have shown no desire to avoid strife..'
On the other hand, they have reduced.'
wages without previous announcement
Lof their intentions, and which caused
'the strike of a few months ago.   In a
. word, the key to the entire Paelfle coast
situation Ib held by the Vancouver com- -
paniea.    If  open  strife  should  eome
about, the blame-will be at their door.
Union  Printers*   Home   and  Yukon
Climate Hu Restored HU Health
Al. Hoerle, an old-time member of
Vancouver Typographical union, 'who
left here two years ago to receive;
treatment at the Union Printers'
Home at Colorado Springs, is renewing;
acquaintances in the Terminal City this
week. After a partial restoration of
health Mr. Hoerle left the Home about
a year ago and has since been working
out of doors up In the Yukon, at Dead-
wood Creek, near Circle City. He is
looking in splendid health and will probably endeavor to ■ give printshops a ;
wide berth in future, after having
worked some fifteen years in B. C. of-1
flees on night shift.
Boyal City Unionists Doing Their Bent
To Be Represented at Congress.
The unions of New Westminster aro
being hard hit by the industrial collapsed but will be fairly well represented nt the congresB convention,
"Peto" Paulson will be -Jhe central
labor body delegate, and the other two
may be elected next Wednesday evening, when Pres. J. C. Watters will be
Sresent to urge thnt course. R. A.
toney has been elected by tbe Typos,
of the. Royal City, and three delegates
have been elected by the Street Railway
Employeea, two of wriom ore Messrs.
A. F. Duncan and Ralph JnniU-son.
Northern Central Labor Body Elects
Three to Congress Convention
Prince Rupert Trndes and Labor
Council hns elected its full quota of
delogntcs to the Vnncouver convention
of tho Trndes nnd Labor Congress of
Canada. At lust meeting the following
three delegates wero Beloded: Messrs.
& D. McDonald, William Thompson nnd
Mr. Ritddershnm.
Congress of Cannda eonvention committee met on Wednesday evening and practically completed all arrangements for
the reception and care of the delegates who will be here four
weeks from next Monday, September 20.
Tho executive officers will make their headquarters at the Hotel
On Monday evening a "get-together" will be held in Labor
Temple. The Musician's union will furnish a seven-piece orchestra
for the occasion. Light refreshments and cigars will be served, under the care of Messrs. 11. Davis and Andy Graham, with an impromptu programme.
On Tuesday afternoon the delegates will be taken to Wig-Warn
Inn, Indian River, where dinner will be served and the dancing pa-
villion utilized. The Musicians' union orchestra will provide music,
the return trip being made in the moonlight.
On Thursday afternoon the delegates will bo entertained by an
auto tour of sixty miles, leaving the Labor Temple at 2 p. in.
'round Stanley Park, Marine Drivo, Eburne to New Westminster
via River Road. At Now Westminster the Royal City unionists will
have a luncheon ready for the visitors. Return via Kingsway to
Shaughncssy Heights and back to the city in time to attend theatres, etc.
Mr. Bcntlcy, of tho Spencer, Limited, Studio, has been designated as the official photographer.
Mr. R. A. Stoney was present aB a delegate from New Westminster, and assisted the committee in every way possible to make '
the stay of the delegates to the big convention tho best possible.
The, next meeting of the oommittce will take plaoe next Wednesday evening, August 25, at 7:30 o'clock. PAGE TWO
PBIDAY ........ AUGUST SO, l!
96 Branches Is Canada
A general banking burineu transacted. Circular letters of credit
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital
Total Aeeete • •
. I UMOfiO
One Dollar will (pen
the aeeount, and your
bualneaa will be welcome  be  It   large  er
...   ..$80,000,000
Out of Every
some portion should be banked
regularly, either ea security
against the proverbial rainy day
or aa a foundation to future prosperity. ♦l.W will open an account in The Bank of Toronto,
and interest is added half-yearly
to the balance! on deposit.
Paid-up Capital.. .. ..W.000,000
Bcoomd -funds fMOT,*B
Comer Ht*l*Tt* and Cambie Its.
The World's a
New Paper
There's a new owner running It
and It's coming up with a tush.
AU tht news and a novel
eaeh week
Ordtt lt from tht D07 or pbont
Seymour 4616
Corner Hutlngi ud Blcfcwdl Sti.
8BBVX0I     _
Prompt me of the telephone Bftved
tbe rnldenoe of a Siinlch Vaneonver
Iiland, rancher from Are recently.
The Incident alio eerved to ihow how
the B. 0. Telephone Company itrlrei
to impreii lti employee! to be ever
ready to serve. ...    „- .   .»
On the morning of Jnly 28rd, Mr.
P. W. Sproule, a iiibiicrjber at Sidney, Vancouver Island, exchange, called up the local manager, Mr. R. L,
Pickering, and aiklng for a numbpr,
Incidentally mentioned that hla ranch
was on fire After making the conation Mr. Pickering had the Are
alarm rung by two peojilB and he alio
called up all the people .n Sidney who
had automobile!, reaueitlng them to
proceed to the Are hall and pick up
available help and rueh to the fire
which waa two mllea away. There Ii
no Are wagon at Sidney, but the poo*
pie appealed to reaponded willingly,
•nd gathering the Are bucketi, were
loort on their way to the scene of the
Are, Aa Ur. Pickering was concluding
hli meiiagea the Ant arrival called
ap from Mr. Bproule'e and reported
that the home could be aaved aa only
tha eorner wai ablaie. A basket brigade had been formed and water wai
being transported from the well and
ths creak by those who had hurried
Published every Friday morning by tha B. 0.
Federationist, Limited ;
R.   Parm   Pettipiece Manager
J. W. Wilkinson Editor
Offlce:   Boom 217. Lahor Tempi*
Tal. Exchange Seymour 7405
Subscription:    $1.60 per year;'In Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00      ■	
New Westminster.  .. W. E. Maiden, Boi 984
Prince Rupert.. .  , .W. E. Denning, Box 631
Victoria.... A. S. Wells, Box 1588
Affiliated with the WeBtern Labor Preu
"Unity of Labor: tha Hop* of tha World."
FBIDAY     AUGUST 20, 1915
Investigation act is undergoing
a practical test at this time in
Vancouver.   Tbe outcome of it is something   which   should     be     carefully
watched by all work-
TESTING in* men' Bnd Parti"
nfBnnmill eularly by those in
DISPOTBB the employ ^ pub.
—^ lie   utility   corpora-
tiona. The decision
promises to be one whioh will attract
attention from one end of the dominion to the other. The B. C. Electric
Bailway oompany ie out to test the act
in one of ita section! which haa always
been considered of flrat importance.
.    .    .    .
The facts alleged are thus: The local
union of outside electrical workera entered into a working agreement with
the company. - Consistent with the
terms of that agreement the company
notified the electricians that the agreement would expire June 30th last. By
way of future arrangements, the company offered the men a 10 per cent, reduction in wages, and working conditions whioh were not considered by the
men to be as good .as those they had
before. The men responded by a request
for renewal of the old agreement.
Three meetings were held between
representatives of both sides. No aettlement waa arrived at, and at the third
meeting Mr.* Kidd, the manager for the
company, said the matter would have to
go to arbitration under the aot. The
company, however, took no steps to apply to the Department of Labor for a
board of investigation. The men ap*
plied for a board, which was granted;
the department notifying the company
and requesting it to select its repre*
aentative as provided by the act.
«    •    .    •
The company took no steps to comply. The department then appointed
a representative for the' company and
chairman for the board. In the
meantime, it ia alleged that the com*
pany dispensed with the .'services of a
number of the men Involved in the ap*
plication, in suoh a way as to amount
to a lockout. Theae men are known for
their union activities, and the electrical
workeri believe they were dismissed in
an effort to weaken the union's position; and that further, their discharge
ia in violation of the terms of the act.
•    •    •    •■
It ia on thia point that the controversy hingea. Section 86 of the act
It shall be unlawful for any employer to declare or cause a lockout, or for any employee to go on
strike, on account of any dispute
prior to or durng the referenice of
auch dispute to a board of conciliation and investigation under the
provisions of this act.
The electrical workers believe that
the company hu violated this olause.
And that if their contention ean* be established, they ean then proceed to discover whether workmen ean secure protection from auch acta of employers,
along rhe lines which the aot provides.
The decision which it ie expected will
be given in the police court next Tuesday   by   Magistrate Shaw should in
consequence be carefully watched for.
keep them still aloof from each other.
Let them seize their hour then, whilo
it is with them. A new and real Inter-
national should be possible from motives of joint preservation if no other.
They will have learned their bitter lesson. Let them apply it then, though
every crown and thorn in Europe is
cast on to the rubbish heap of history.
WE DO NOT hear much these
daya from the preas about
those high ideals whloh tig*
ured so much in the flrst daya of the
war, aa reasons for it. Then it was to
be "the last great
war," the "war on
_„ war,"   and   so
"" The dreadful  tumult
rOEOET w„ to bring the na
tions to their senses,
and out of the humility bred of suffering wus to arise wisdom which would
bring a "peace which passeth all understanding." But a year has gone since
then. A year of carnage unexampled
in world history. And the nations are
girding their loins afresh in preparation for yet greater slaughter.
.        t        *        •
Instead of the .conflict being lessened
in area it ia increased, with every likelihood of being more so in the near future. And Instead of talk of this being the final war, we read that it is to
be the first of a series of world staggering conflicts by land and air and
If it is left to the people who
brought about this war, and the methods they use, it may be that the prophecies of these pessimists will mature.
But in the meantime there must be a
breathing space. Mere munitions and
mechanical contrivances alone cannot
make war. Men are needed. . And they
take time to grow. It is in that interim
that the great opportunity of the
world's workers should be snatched.
Chastised by their terrible experiences,
there ahould be humility enough among
them to prevent loss of time in getting
together. What is past will be put.
Let them try to forget it. Their masters will do plenty of reminding to
AT    THE    INQCIBY    into street
railway matters, which has just
closed, a very significant remark
was made by the chairman of the board,
in the most casual fashion.   Street railwaymen's conditions
in Chicago were alluded   to,   and   the
atatement was made
that    20,000    men
were unemployed in
that city.   The chairman remarked that
20,000 people out of work in a "city con*
taining 1,000,000 was not anything very
extraordinary nowaday.
• ...        •
The statement was true. The signlflcant part of it was the airy way in
which it was made. And to those who
caught it and understood, it spoke vol-
umes as to the attitude of the non-
working class mind towards the phono*
menon of unemployment. It' auggeated
that the existence of thousands of workless men is quite an unimportant matter, whloh should not cause more than
the moat passing or casual comment. In
that respect it was a true reflection of
the way in which unemployment among
the working class is looked upon by
those who are not Included in that eate*
• •        •        •
But what does 20,000 workless men
mean reallyf It means that 20,000 men
who cannot get food unless they have a
job to work at, are out of work, and
consequently cannot eat. What are they
to dot Try to flnd nourishment in the
nonchalant philosophies which oc
from bodies well fed by assured income)
Or are they to respond to the natural
urge of hunger and get food whether
or notf We would like to have the
worthy chairman's views on the ques*
tion. He is an eminent jurist, who
would be able to give the legal aide of
the matter.
■   •      •      e      •
It iB not necessary that his remark
Bhould be made to appear any more re*
markable than the mental outlook of
those whose economic status in human
society enables, them to look upon the
essential problem of the working class as
purely a matter of academic Interest. It
ii for the working class itself to transfer the problem from the realm of the
academic to the arena of practical and
insistent politics. That time ia coming.
It will be here when the working claaa
can no longer flnd an opportunity of
eluding ita duty to itself.
the front every day in British Columbia, u a question which sooner
or later will be the subjeot of a public
expression of opinion through the medium of the franchise. Organisations
of "business men"
have been formed,
both for and against
it, and have commenced to propagate their respective
views. The standing army of those constantly advocating it is also more active
than formerly. Thla ia doubtless in
some meaaure due to encouragement de
rived from the success they have recently achieved in Alberta. One dally
newspaper in the city—The World—hu
also announced itself as favoring prohibition, and from all signs it looks like
being a political issue of front rank
position in the very near future.
•       •       •       •
We ore not so much concerned about
taking sides on the issue as in trying to
sift the reuons why others do. Those
reasons seem to be economic in the caae
of "business men," religious in the
ease of the "moral reform" element,
and more or less scientific in reapect to
a considerable body of opinion, which
hu no material interests at stake or
religious convictions to satisfy. Of each
of these we take a different view.  The
business men" prohibitionists, while
likely in the long run to exercise more
influence than the rest, do not command
a great deal of respect from thoee who
can analyse the motive which lies at
the back of their desire to see prohibition adopted. Their reasons are chiefly selfish ones, arising out of a regard
for their personal material interests.
Thoy believe that if working men can
be prevented from obtaining alcoholic
liquor, they will thereby be more productive and consequently more profitable to employ. Of eourse they will not
say so, but will join their efforts with
others who desire the same object with-,
out having material gain in view.
tt        •        •        •
This economic objective, lays open to
challenge and suspicion, the "business
men's" organisations on both sides of
the prohibition issue. Each has an economic interest to serve, and neither ean
be expected to be an unblued advocate.
Nor, for that matter, can anyone else
who has n material consideration at
stake in the issue.    Next comes the
moral reform" party. With the exception of a certain section of the "business men" element which attaches to
the party only to use it, the party is
animated by a desire to see prohibition
adopted as a matter of religious conivc-
tlon. It bolieves thnt morality, u it
understands that term, would be thereby more extensively promoted and
strengthened to the advantage of the
community in general. Its idea,'
whether right or wrong, ie sincere, according to its lights. In the main, its
motive is more emotional than economlo
or scientific, as ie natural in a move-
meat inspired by religious conviction.
True it supports its contentions by a
certain amount of scientific data. But
this is only mastered and used by a
few; the mass of its adherents being
content with the enthusiasm of their religious feelings on tbe subject.
.      .      .      .      .
Then there are those who advocate
prohibition purely out of a conviction,
after having studied the scientific aspect of the matter, that alcohol is detrimental to the physical and mental
health of men and women. Neither the
business man's motive nor the religions
tract influence them. But a work like
"Alcohol and the Human Body," by
two such eminent medical authorities as
Victor Horsley and Mary Sturge weighs
a great deal in .their estimation. Of all
the .various advocates of prohibition,
these are the best equipped to do justice to the subject and the community.
This is especially the case if they also
grasp the true meaning of the economic
values which enter into the prohibition
issue. Then their judgment ia not en-
Cumbered by emotionalism or ulterior
economic motives. And only in that
mental condition,is one really capable
of forming a true opinion as to whether
much less or no alcohol is good, bad or
indifferent in its effects on the individual, or the body social.
these object lessons will be forgotten.
Many national services which have formerly been regarded as the prerogative
of private enterprise, are likely to be
permanently taken into the charge of
the state; and it will depend a great
deal on the extent to which the working class penetrates into the business of
government, as to how they will be
affected by the new order of things. If
they are content to surrender their political power to the element which has
ruled Britain in the past, it is likely
they will soon be wondering where the
freedom is which they are called upon
to risk their lives for today.
There is going to be a provincial elec*
tion—because MoBrlde can't avoid if.
SOUTH WALES COAL Mine Owners' Association haa issued a balance sheet which Messrs. J. C.
Harte & Son, chartered accountants of
Leeds, certify to be correct.   It states
that returns were re*
ceived from 70 firms
with an annual out
put    of    83,083,820
tou, and employing
121,722   men    The
total proflt for the past year, after the
payment of the interest on debentures
and other loans and preference shares,
wns £1,712,047, or a little over 21 cents
per ton.   The statement is put forth by
way of offsetting the exposure of callous
greediness on the part of the mine own*
ers, which led to the recent miners'
The report is a piece of Impudent
bluff, and 'not even clever at that. How
were the 79 firms picked out t And why
were not all the Arms included, instead
of only some of themf Moreover, why
ia not the amount of the debentures and
preference shares mentioned*" How
much did the interest on them come tof
It would have to be derived from profits just the same as the dividend on ordinary shares. In any case, a proflt of
£1,712,047, after meeting all other
charges, does not seem auch a bad return. Evidently the alogan of theae
vampires is "Do your bit'while we do
thoae you leave behind u much u we
No wonder thinking people whose
natural inclinations would be to have
and rear children take a look at Europe to*day—and then decide.
For the flrst time on record, this war
has brought forth the recognition by
the state of the individual's right to
work.   The work is that of the soldier.
The new recruiting tent erected outside Vanoouver oity hall will most likely be the answer given to those applying at the hall for work thia coming
It la pretty safe to say that no one
is watching with more interest the inquiry into the street railway dispute,
than jitney bus' drivers and would-be
jitney bus drivers.
were noticeably active in eeveral places at the time the Barnes
commission wu seeking mechanics for
Britain, trying to prevent workmen being taken. The official organ of the association, "Industrial
Canada," puts it this
way in an article entitled "Dangers of
Indiscriminate Recruiting":
Unless recruiting is scientifically organized so as to exercise care
that too many skilled workmen are
not taken away from the country,
the efficiency of Canada's induatrial
ayetem as a contributor to war
munitions will be greatly impaired.
... .During the put few
months, hundreds* of mechanics
have left Canada for Britain in response to the demand for skilled
men to engage in the production
of munitions. If drains on the supply of our skilled workera continue,
there will come a time when onr
Industrial system may be seriously
affected. Consequently, hence*
forth, recruiting campaigns ahould
be directed in a manner which will
ensure that the supply of akilled
men who may be needed in the
manufacture of munitions of war
shall not be dangerously diminished.
The article then goes on to outline a
plan whereby,
If military men, manufacturers
and farmers formed recruiting committees in a great number of small
centres   throughout   Canada,   the
supply of available men could be
ascertained, with the result that
successive     campaigns   oould   be
planned to secure the enlistment
of certain individuals and classes,
with due regard to their usefulness
to the country and to their individual responsibilities.
Summed up, the plana of the Menu*
facturera' association should,   in   the
opinion of their paper, be directed towards keeping those men   here   from
whose labor proflt can be derived, and
vigorously   bombarding   the   balance
with employers ideas on the subject of
* Wonder if the Western Fuel eompany
paid for that picnic last week out of the
proflti it made by selling Nanaimo coal
to the German cruiser Leipsig In San
Francisco harbor last August,
Jim Hill, the railroad magnate, speaking at a banquet recently, said Americans Bhould learn fo live on ten cents a
day. If he will come to Vanoouver or
Victoria he will be able to flnd a lot of
Canadiau doing it here now.
A couple of miners were fined at Na-
nalmo lut week for taking i smoking
materials into the mines in violation
of the law. Evidently the mining company does not want to have its property
damaged by any more explosions.
Winnipeg "Voice" says we ahall not
live to to aee compulsory arbitration
of industrial disputes in Manitoba,
Considering the precarious financial
position of most papers theBe daya,
the atatement strikes ua u containing
possibilities in the way of construction.
Westminster Trust Co.
J. J. JONES, Mas. Director.
J. A. RENNIE. 8ec.-Treu.
at a Big Reduction
,   Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent at 82.60 up
Willa Drawn Pree of Charge
Depoalts Accepted and Interest at Four Par Cant. Allowed
on Daily Balances.
A business college advertisement on
hoardings uka the question, "What
are you worth from the eyes up!"
Well, if you have only one eye, and
can see properly with that, you should
be worth enough to be able to detect
that if you have a Jot) you are worth
more to your bss than anybody else.
dently come from either end of
the state—the top or bottom. The
German variety was invented at the top
and applied downwards. The motive
behind it was not to
Improve the economic and social condition of the masses
beyond a certain degree, but just up to
that point where they would be a more
useful asset to bolster up the power of
those above. The object was to place
the national resources and human life of
the state as completely in the control of
the ruling oligarchy aa possible.
tt •      ,;;•;'   .-'•
There is a good deal of state socialism
in practice in Britain today. And after
the war, it is not likely that some of
Premier Veriselos says his policy is
Greece for the Greens. To judge by
the way politicians of that country are
slipping about these days trying to figure out how to get the maximum of
material advantage by playing both
sides of the war against each other, it
does not look' as though tney need any
more grease.
The Germans, to establish "kultur,
have treated Belgium just about as well
as the unspeakable Alva did, in trying
to establish the Spanish inquisition.
Wonder if any of the ecclesiastical dignitaries of Louvaln learned about that
little episode in Netherlands history.
For "frightfulness," even this'war has
not beaten it yet. But there, Time is
so healing. And few people read Mot*
ley's "The Rise of the Dutch Bepub
If Nature, in laying down her scheme
ot things, had only glimpsed a little
more of the propensities of man for the
un-natural, she might perhaps have de
signed his physical economy for hibernation. Then in the winter he could
crawl into a hole, and dote hla way
along to the spring time; instead of
having to flght like « wolf all winter
to keep his hide on a living body. A
bat, a bear, a badger, a dormouse, a
marmot or a hedgehog, are infinitely
better off during that seuon than many
thousands of workmen.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities ia Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock aad
roultry. British Columbia
Grants Preemptions of 1(0 acres
to Actual Settlers-*--
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at leaat three years; improvements to tha extent of $8 per
aere; bringing under cultivation
at leaat ire acrea.
For farther information apply to
Allied Printing Trades Council—R. H. Mee*
lands, Box 08.
Barben—S. H. Grant, 1801 7th Avenue W.
Bartenders—H. Darii, Box iat.
Blacksmiths — Malcolm    Porter,    View
Hill P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Oowdeny, 1811 Thirty*
fourth afsaM sast.
Boilermakers—a. Fraaer, 1111 Howe St.
Brewery   Workttti—frank   Omasa,  Labor
Brieklayera—William 8. Dainall, Room
218, Labor Temple,
Brotherhood of Carpenten Dlatrlot Counoll—r. Ii. Barratt, Beam IM, Laber Tom-
Clgarmaken—Can Hurts Cigar Factory, 71
Water Stmt.
Cooki, Walters, Waltreisia   Andy Graham,
Room 808, Labor Temple.
Eloolrieal Workera (oatslde)—I. H. Herri*
son. Room »0T, Labor Tomplo.
Ileetrleal Workers (leaido)—Boom 107; T.
h. Eitlngbauien.
Englnoon—E. Pnadorgut, loom 111, Labor Tomplo.
Oranlte cuttora—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment Workon—Labor Temple.
Honoahoora—Labor Tomple.
Leltorearrlora—Bobt. Wight, Dlstriot 81.
Laborers—George Harriion, Boom 880, La*
bor Tomplo.
Locomotive Firemen aad Engineers—OL 'Howard, 807 Davie atroot.
Loco Engineer!—L. T.'Solloway, 1157 Har*
wood.   Tel. Sey. 1848R.
Longahoreuen—J. G Kelly, 10 Powell Btreet
Machinists—J. H. McVety,   Boom  111,
Labor Temple.
Mualelane—H. J. Bnalald, Booma 104-105,
Labor Temple.
Moving Picture Operaton—L.  B. good-
man. Labor Temple.
Painten—Boom 80S, Labor Tomplo
Plumber!—Room 808 1-3,    Labor   Temple.
Phono Soymonr 8611. .
Preaamen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plaaterera—John  Jamea   Cornlati,   1808
Eleventh Ave. But.
Pattern Makera—J. Campbell, 4188 Ar*
ayle Street. >
Quarry Workera—Jamea Hepburn, care
Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A.   E.    MeCorvllltt,
Box 841.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,   itO Nelaon
Seamen's Union—
Straetaral Inn Worken—Room 801, Labor
Btonoenttin   Jamea  Barbara,   P.   O.   Box
1047. ~
Sheet Metal Workon.
Street Railway Employeea—Jean 1. OrMta,
186 Twenty-fifth anaae east.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, car* Province.
Telegraphere—B. B. Pepplp, Box 488.
Tradee and Labor Council—Oeo. Bartley.
Boom 116 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelanda, Box 16.
Tallora-C. MoDonald, Box 668.
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Oeo. W. Aula,
Tllelayers  and   Helper*—Evan Thomas,
Labor Temple.
Aak ttt Leber Temple 'Phone Bxeaaaie,
leymou .7411  (ulan otherwise stated).
Bricklayer!—Wm. 3. Dagnall, Room 815.
Cooka,   Walten,   Waltrieeoa—Boom   808;
Andy Graham; phono Soy. 8414.  .
Electrical Worken (outoldo)—E. H. Morriion, Room 807.
Englnoon (ateam)—Room 111; I, Pnnder*
Lonnhoremen'o Aiioclatlon — OBee,   145
Alexander etnet; G. J. Kelly; phono Sey.
Mulelaae—H. J. Bnalald, Booms 104-105,
Labor Temple.
Street Railway Employee*—Fnd. A. Hoover;
phone Soy. 508.
Typographical—B. H. Meelands, Booma 812*
232 Broadway East
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
,    LATION8
Coal mining rlghta, of th* Dominion,
la Manitoba. Sukatchewen and Alberta,
the Yukon Territory, the Northwest 'Ter*
rltorles and In a portion of the Province
of Britlah Columbia, may be leased for
a term af twenty-one yean at an annual
natal of 11 an aon. Net mon than
1,116 acrea will be leased te one appll*
Applications for leaae muat be made by
the applicant la penon to tha Agent ot
Sub-Axont of tha dlatrlct In whloh the
rlghta applied for an altuated.
In aurveyed territory the land mut bo
described by eaotlou, or legal eubdlvle
lou of eeeuona, and la unaurveyed territory tbe tract applied for ahall be
ataked by the applicant himself.
Eaoh application muat be aeoompanled
by a fee of HI which will be refunded If
tbe rlghta applied for an not available,
but aot otherwlaa. A royalty ahall be
paid on the menhantable output of the
mine at the nte of five eanta per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall
furnlah the Agent with aworn returna
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty, thereon. If the ooal mining rights
are not being opented, auch returna
ahould be furnlahed at leut once a year.
The leaae will Include tbe coal mining
rlghta only, but the lesaoe may be permitted to purchase whatever available
aurface rlghta may be considered necea-
aary for the working of the mine at the
nte of 816 an acre.
For full Information application ahould
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Landa.
Deputy Minlater of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thla
advertlaemen' will not be paid for—86166.
Unequalled Vaudeville  Meana
1.48, 7.S0, 1.11   leaaon'a  Prlcee:
Matinee, 15c. I Ivenlnga, 11c, ate.
Sunday Summer Sailings.
Bnjoy the Banday on tho water by taking
a trip to Glbioa'a Landing, Robort'a Crook
and Seehelt by the fait plaann atiamer
Leave Johnaon'a Wharf at ....   9:80 a. a.
Arrlrai Glbioa'a Landing .... 11:10 a. m.
Robert'a Onek ..    .. 11:16 p. m.
Soehelt      1:00 p.m.
Refining leevee Sechelt at..,   5:00 p. m.
Arriving Vanoouver aboat ....   8:15 p. m.
fall pertlcalere Fkane ley. 4880.
Meete flnt and third Thursdays. Executive board: Ju. a. McV«yT?rildSiti
£'...¥ ""laghauaa, vin.preiUint; Geo
SSLII"' t10""£ aeeretary, 810 Labor
Temple; alias H. uuueridge, treaaurer;
Ifreo A. Hoover, atatlauewn; aergeant-
at-erma, John Sully; a. J. Crawford, Fred)
Knowing, W. H. Trotter, truatees. I
UL.—Meeta second Monday In the
month. PnsMoat, H. J. Bethel; eeentary,
B. H, Neelaadi, P. 0. Box 86,
„_."2"' SMm.m Labor Temple. Meeta
Jnt Sunday of each month. Preaident,
Jamea Campbell; Inanclal iecretary, H
Davis, Box 484. Phono Sey. 4751; recording
••notary, Wm. Moltiihaw, Globe Hotel, Main
a »v"'l? ""R.1" ■u"> ,rd Tueeday,
8 p.m„ Hoom 107. Pruldent. Jaiuw
Hulatt; oorreapondlng aeoretary, w a.
Dagnall, Box 6ai nnanclal ucretary,,-t.
a Brown; bualneaa agent, wf& Bat
nail, Room 811. ^
, and Iron Ship Bailden aad Helpen
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 18*—
Meiti aril and talrd Mooneye, a p. m.
Pmldent, A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth are-
Union—Meeta 1m Friday In eaeh
month, 6:80 p. m„ Laber Tomplo. A. Graham, fraalnui repreientiliro. OBee: Room
806, Ubor Templo. Henri: 8:80 a. m. to
10; 8 to 6 p. m. Competent help furnlihid
on abort notice. Phone Seymoar 8414.
mull ln room 806, Labor Temple, aas*
oad aad fourth Thunder of each month, I
p. m. Pmldent, G. tt Hardy: iientary,
F. L. Barntt; Malum, W. T. Taylor. Looal No, 217 mnta   Int   ud   third   Mon*
i". "'."'S ."i!"**. •»*> —— "47 meete
Int ui third Tuiedai of eaeh moath.
„ —Meiti room 801, Labor Temple, erery
¥?"*!*■ '.'■ m- Pruldent, Sam. Cawker,
667 TempletoB Drive; reeordlng Iientary
H. Houn, Labor Temple; flnanolal iecretary
and buiineu agent, &. H. Morriion, Boom
207, Labor Tomplo.
... Laboren' anion. No. 66—MeeU Int and
third Friday of eaeh month, Ubor Temple.
President, E. C. Appleby, 1418 Pondrill St.;
iecretary, George Harriion: burinm agent,
John Bully, room 220, Ubor Temple. All
laboren Invited to meeting.
and fourth Fridayi at a p. m. Pneldoat,
J. Mclvor; recording iientary, J. Bnekea;
lauelal eeentary, J. H. MoVety. *
MeeM erery tnt ud third Wedneiday la the
month In nom 801, Ubor Temple. President, A. Hurry; vlee*pnildent, A. Bennteen;
oormponding eecretary, Joe Coraiih, 1801
Eleventh annuo eaat: Inanclal aeeretary,
George Montgomery; tnuanr, Harold Reld.
NORTH AMBRICA.-Vancouvor and
vicinity. Blanch matte let and Ird Fridays at Ubor Temple, nom 805. H Night-
eealee, preeldent, 171 FlflyeUth ar'iioo
ent; Ju. O. Lyon, lauelal eeentary, 1711
Grant itreet; J. Campbell, reeordlng aee*
nary, 4868 Argyle atreet.
„ PLOTEES, Floaeer SItUIob. lo. Ml—
Meeta Ubor Temple, aecond aad fourth Wed-
uadaya at 2:80 and 8 p. m. Pnaldiat, Joa.
Hubbf.; wording iientary, jaa. I. OrlBa; i
166, Twenty-lflh avenao aaal; lunelal aee* '
mSTJfi. hmftuu agent, Fnd. A. Hoover,
1408 Clark Drive. .
AMERICA. Local No. 178—Meetinga
held dm Tueiday la eaoh month. 8 p. m.
President, R. Beemiih; vlce-prcildent, Mill
H. Gutteridge; recording iecretary, O. Me-
Donald, Box 608; Inanclal iientary, K,
Patmon, P. 0. Box 608.
Meeta laat Sunday of eaeh month at 2
p.m.   Pnaidmt, R. Parm. Pettipiece:  vice* .
Sneldeat, W, S. Metiger; aecntarytreaiunr
1. H. Neelandi. P. 0. Box 66, I
in annual eonvention ln January. Exec*
utlve oDeere, 1816*16: Preaident, A. Watoh*
man: vlcepniidenU—Vancouver, W. F.
Dunn, J. H. MeVety; Victoria, B. Simmons;
New Weitmlmter, W. Tatei; Prince Bupert,
W. E. Denning; Rovelitoko, J. Lyon; Dlitrlet 26. C. Sf. W. of A. (Vancouver Iiland),
B. Guthrie; District 16, C. M. W. of A.
(Onw'e Nut Valley). A. J. Certer; eoere-
UrytriMunr, A. s. Wella, P. 0. box 1681,
Victoria, B. 0.	
viotobia. a. c.
OIL-Meela Int ud third Wedaaeday,
Ubor hall, 1424 Government stnet, at 6
6 m.   Preildint, A. 8. Weill! eeentary, F.
oldrldge, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Dlneton: Jaa, Brewn, prieident; R. P.
Pettlplece, Tieepmldent: Edward Lothian,
Jamn Campbell, J. W. Wllklnaon, Oeo. WM-
by, W. J. Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Fn«.
Managing director ud lioretary-tnainrer, J,
H. MeVety, nom 811, Ubor Tomple.
at call of pnotdont, Ubor Temple, Vucouver, B, 0. Dlncton: Jamea Campbell,
incident; J. H. MeVety, eeentarr-tnannr;
. Watchman, A, S. Wella. R. Farm. Pettlplece, manager, 817 Ubor Temple. Telephone:   Seimoar 7481.
Of America
Vott lytinit prohibition I Demand ptr-
tonal liberty In enooelni what you will drink.
Ilk for thie Label Then purchulng Beer,
Ala or Porter, ae a guarantee that It le Union Made, Thli Ii Oar label
10 Cent Cakes
occa m——m~w
'■*       ... -7=*'
School Opens August 23rd
Fit Your Boys With Leckie Shoes
Mothers and fathers whose boys give shoes hard .use should have
them try a pair of LECKIE SHOES. As sehool opens your boy
should be well clad, and LECKIE SHOES will serve the purpose
are made in British Columbia
by British Columbians. Only
HONEST leather ia used in
their manufacture. Wben you
buy LECKIE SHOES every
penny you pay is for SHOES .
—not high freight rates and
duty from foreign countries
or tbe east. / ,
LECKIE SHOES are built
exclusively for men and boya
wbo require shoe investment.
One pair will convince you
the logical ahoea for every
British Columbian.
LECKIE SHOES are most econo
mical because they wear longer-
look better—keep their shape longer than practically any other
shoe oft the market.
Leading Dealers Handle
To-day—or before school opens-*-
take yonr boy to any leading shoe
dealer and have him try on a pair
of LECKIE SHOES. Ask. the
dealer his opinion of LECKIE
SHOES—he'll tell you IT IS THE
World Shoe Co.
OS Haatinga St, W., Plana Sey. 1770
Bait Shoe Repairing "While You Walt'
Work caUod for aad delivered
Loggen' Mlnen' CrlpolM' ud any kind
of special Shoe! made to order
Named Shoes are frequently made in Nqn-
Uaioi Factories-Do Not Boy Any Shoe
no matter what lti nam*, unleu It Mars a
plain ud raadabla Impruslon or this stamp.
AU ahoaa without th* Onion Stamp an
always Non-Union.
IM Summer Stmt, Boetoa, Mass.
J. P. Tobla, Prae.   C. L. Blaine, Seo.-Treu.
Ask for   "NABOB    Products
Get and use "NABOB" everytime
Jingle Pot Coal
More heat. No Clinkers
Millwood nnd Kindling .......  »2.50 load
Choice 16 inch Fir  13.00 load
General Cartage, Baggage and Furniture Moved and Stored
Phona: Seymour 1938
(Continued trom Page One.).
study to this great question. And when distant future* Do the men and women
we try to keep our wages u near et who own the stock of this company ex-
possible to tbis minimum, we cannot b- neet that then, women and children, af-
guided by the theory that dividends fectcd by the operation of these can,
and interest must be paid on millions are forever to live in the same old way,
 »f dollars of ill-advised or unprontab v no matter how rich and prosperous tbis
oa- vibration of .be car all day long-j'"!?^ £«*   h„ shoml that „„. Hjg -Jjg"-*- *•_£*"*•
¥S "ete7nr\?Z \Tt-'rl\_} B'***™ *V^«™ to protest LmeoVeL^ht Sr'a UttVS
years in street car inn Dy tnere-, theit jnterert,   one 0f wbich is their tlons in dividends,
cults of the continued vibration, which!   e§ent 8tt     J to redui,e ,    ro.'
oniiaou   v.n<nii,   ..in.    rolran   .,nh..   n.   -.....--. . °.     ' .
causes varicous veins, fallen arches of
the feet, kidney disease, etc.
The Conductors Work
"The conductor has  charge of the
living human freight which an electric
toct their, investments, and to protect
Employeu Produced Progress
their dividends.    But'they have not|   "Then   come  the   employeea them*
shown you any stakes driven to protect j "elvos.   No one can say too much for
the interests, of their employees. [them.   Many of them have given the
"Gentlemen, the hour hu eome when best years of their lives to the  service
able to deal with them.
"All men arc equal when they meet
as patrons of any public utility, but
when it becomes the busineu of one
man to meet these same men in an official capacity then that man becomes
superior over the many by reason of
his authority.1       <
Tha Variable Public.
car carries.' He is responsible for its a stake must be driven to protect labor. -Jf this eompany. Oreat progreu
transportation in safety and in com-jA stake beyond which this company, in-1 heen made in every department of thie
fort. He must have a large amount of spired by greed and avarice, cannot or ayetem, and we believe that our-men
patience, as he comes into contact with 'dare not go. That atake is in my opin- bavo been the most important facton
all kinds of human nature, and must be ion that out of thie industry there must in tUt progress.   There 'hu been im-
"  first be given a living wage to the men provement   everywhere   except   with
who work for thia eompany.   Ahd I do .thorn.
n*t mi-iu bj a living wage that bare I   "They have to pay more to present
amount on which a man may exist and,a decent appearance on the can while
propagate his species.   I mean an am- at work.   They have to spend much
ount which'will allow bim to live in |more money in order to live. They have
comfort! and I aubmit. that amount is to do ft '•* more work to perform the
somewhat near the estimate set forth Offl } S'K'mu^ grSr"
,.„. .... .    " t»e table whioh we have submitted     "Everybody and everything haa nro*
*Jm.   tC&biiib*l,il,A"i0,.*,'e«t *?' t0 J™* «""red* and Mtl7 everyone else has
various desires of every one without    "I do not intend to take up much of great earning power of the eomnnav
the least bit of friction, or  he  will your lime talking about the cost of Uv- lu the future, ie the property of the
ffffiP^JC^OTWh  l •"»"• W *- *• evidence .to.kh.ld.w.hhi..oiJ,p.T7
the human nature of his passengers, and whl011 J*0" *>av» •*••*■"'* during this in- Ih* Employees' Future
that he meet discourtesy with courtesy, Ivestigation, and the atatementa that [ "Hhat ia the investment of the men
unreasonableness with reuon, impa-:have been put in by both sides taken who work for thia eompanyf What ia
tience with patience.. [from the Labor Oatette, the fact that to ht their dividend! They can lock for-
"In the course of a day'a work, a the cost of living haa not decreased ward to no pensions from the eompany,
conductor comes into direct contact since the lut adjustment of wages in they must save from the little they
with several hundred penona. He must 1910, hu been established beyond a earn When they are sick they mus*
protect the weak and infirm, and see to doubt. >tay in bed at home, and get along the
their comfort; answer all kinds of ques- i "In fact every source of Information but way they can. Bnt the dividends
tions, maintain his self control with'the has shown that the price of food atufls! of tbe stock holders, about which we
rude and insolent, detect the dishonest is continually rising.   And while it is have heard so much, still go on.   When
** '" "     !>..•   e1...i*  Al ___   t__—   _____   __J Al__     man    mmn   _!_1. M ..    _T _ __i    il      !	
101 Hastings Street East
Ever Try Our
. The Finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars sold at
buffet, with courteous Union mixologists to serve
fm' JOHN L SULLIVAN, Proprietor.
Phone: Seymour 3380.
We have just stocked up with a new line of Union-
made Shoes. All the newest styles and lasts.
Union-made Gloves. Short and Gauntlets from 50c
to $1.60 pair.
18-20 Cordova St. W. and 444 Main St
Vancouver, B. C.
and restrain or remove the drunken and
Company's "financial Poiltlon
"The company's figures show that,
notwithstanding the Increase in fixed
true that there hu been some reduction men are sick, even for a abort time, we
ln rents, we aubmit that a very small huvj to take up collections to help sup-
proportion of our men have profited by port them and their families.   Salens
that reduction u, according   to   the j )f these collections are taken up every
„„„ „„ ,„g™B»e in meu ■"""P"*/'" ''atement, there are '40 per yoar.   In sickness   and   sometimes in
charges and dividend requirement*, itlceI,t: ".'the men whp are making pay health, we have to look after our peo-
has been able to meet them all and still __* '" *beir hom!»i and, «•>• ma- H", **"_» »e wages paii by this
jorlty of these are paying prices which company do not permit them to look af-
were sot_ during the boom days of 1912 ter themselves.  This work we are glad
pay a substantial dividend,
"From 1908 to 1914 inclusive, the investment of the company has increased
at the average rate of over six million
dollars a year.
"Fixed charges have been regularly
paid, u well u dividends of 6 per cent,
on stock, and 8 per cent, on the deferred'
stock. Besides having put nearly five
million dollars to reserve fund.
"Mr. Murrin states that twenty millions of the capital expended by the
company is not earning any revenue.
He has also stated that the profits will
only pay about one-thirtieth of the
amount of interest on debentures.  Yet
t d i because no one else will do lt;
and our otganisation is not going to
nsk our members to live'on charity.
"In conclusion, I will aay that onr
and 1918, and they' have had no reduction either in the price or the size of
their payments.   *
Main Points Established -.     --
"I have not much more to say at this £*3 ^^£53*"
time, but would Uke to make a short: en have your dividends, but you eai-
summary i of the main points covered 1>y' not Lave 6 per cent, or any other per
thie investigation.   I do most earnestly j cent, if, in order to receive that divi-
desite to impress upon you that we be- ,don1 you fail to pay the men who work
lieve   that   the   weight   of   evidence for you a wage which will permit them
shows: ito '■■ve these things which they need
First—That the motormen and con* i for the proper upkeep  of  themselves
duct'ors employed by tbe B. C. E. B. land families."
the company hu just'paid 5 per cent. 'TW *" F******* ™»S carefully «e- Oompuy OonctadM Caw
on.ccrtafn stock for the^rst ha& of thi. *« ^mTu K? _?,%__ {_**_*?____\V £". t
or mental requirements. I.   i™?   ^' ""bmlt»J* ??aI orammfa
eecond-TL the m_ are careful.? !£,__T*i__?^JmT ZS. *!
trained and instructed before they are J" T?^*i,?-llth;™r? _
put to work, and are subjected to thor- il Sf .^LS;"1?'i?
™,»i .nj ..™. ...i. ..& „..i..u... °ooa reported at considerable length in
year. As I have previously stated, the
financial management of thiB company
is one thing with which the employees
have nothing to do. And if the company Ib to furnish the' improvements
demanded by the community, or if the
company hu put millions of dollars into
unprofitable investments they ought not
to come out of the pockets of ute em-
which eliminate a a.b.tanti.1 percent- '^.^SSn^ to wSt.'CS
"Third-That,  notwithstanding tll0 Allowed the aoeount •*««»•
careful selection and instruction, large Dapremtm and Wagu
• "Any suggestion or argument which "T^'L"1, mm.VT",»»"Bi»»ble rftar I He laid particular stress on the point
I have made concernlnir  the   flnanchS; Mt"al triali or *'d «*'»«»« conditions that the industrial depression through-
SionrfXeoSyhutoeS " T^eW?" ""* "T J"w .** °Ut ft C°Un"y l*i"2l-* ia ™**
solely because of Ae evidence intro* l«rvtoe of-their own accord after a few men being unemployed, with consequent
duced  and not heeiiuia I b«ll«v. tbat,——-' experience. reduction of wages in most trades and
'■tht fiitandal^fondition ofMf Jomnanv "F»>"*th-That the work is skilled, occupations. In his opinion the con*
hu an^Sng o do ^i?h the SS "*"**• Iwk- «*>« *» V**f «V 1,af.;<,a'»•, «• *«» a«vantage of
laubmitteTSTthie boardI    Onr E la ProPerI>r> and requiring  muoh  knowl- that condition, especially in view of his
I hat the demand of oui membSSThi ?*?> i"0*"""*' ™?™» T*^ ■"****? ^T**** ""T"'-*' *A iMa
Z*^..nh! «>*«„« 4,.™. v."Liu   tact and other special qualifications.        paying too high wages in veare paat.
iSlaKS?o5ftart^r^f«SjSJ'l- "nfth-Thatthe working hour, in fce'eltod government flgu™s7in support
!but absolutrtv imuS?atlve    rtS,*>*"*Wt-i general are trying, irksome and disad- of his claim that wages had been"ra-
I _   i   J_   «.._, vantngeous in important respects. duced in many trades and places: and
The Standard of Living "Sixth—That the work  has  grown also called the attention of the board
"It requires no citation of elaborate'distinctly harder, more difficult, and to the evidence of several employers
j statistics to bring convincing proof that more responsible in the last few years, who had tstifled that they had reduced
;J700 to *800 a year is wholly inade I "Seventh—That the cost of living wages locally. These reductions he said
quate to maintain a proper standard of has steadily increased during the last had been accepted without question by
"living. No self respecting family shoi.d few years, the percentage of increase employees because they realiesd that
be expected or asked to live on suoh .being since 1910 about *■* per cent. conditions were responsible,
an income.   We believe that with an |   "Eighth—That the increue in wagee j jma Wages High Enough '
income of *1,000 per year, a family can during the same period has been insig*     „„ „„„.„„.?,.  . '.        „',,,.
barely eupport itself. niflc, nt, and utterijt insufficient to com-' .h?°l°;'°*L**?a Sf,} 5LW*«G' p*,*J,b?
"Provided that it is subject to no pensate for the Increase in the cost of ^%t™^J J l918.*?™ <1*,lte *\ligh
extraordinary expenses by reason of living to sav nothing of the incm.* » thq- "hortd have been, even those
sickness or death, and other untoward in the difficulty of the work, the skill when *• homn" conditions of that
circumstances, suoh a family can live required and the responsibility im- "'.elir *•? «<«"'«■•"«• Now th»tjpondi-
without     charitable   assistance   only posed. , .tions had changed wages ihould faU to
through very careful management, andl Ninth—That the majority of the mo- "mtr The company could get all the
by the absence of emergencies. tortnen and conductors now receive pay "J™ tt want™ at ""y time> tx,i e"Pe*
"There is another consideration por venr insufficient tamaintaln a nor- « ally now when co many were unem-
whicb should bo taken into aocount In m,l ctandard of living for the average P.1<7ed' Further than that, the finan-
doaling with the increase in the cost of family of five. ' ?'al P™"*on of the company obliged it
living, and tbat is that the cost of liv-1   Tjnth—That this insufficiency of in* ,t0 Mek a 'eduction,
lug probably does determine or nearly com3 wot.ld be still more marked if the I Al to Living Coat
determine the wagea of the man ro- mea worked as men should be allowed I As he read the figures of the Labor
ceiving the smallest pay. But as you to work; that is eight hours per day Department living had declined in
rise in the scale of wages, you obvious- and not more tban six days per week, price Bihce 1913.   That was the way he
That li ea everv bottle of CASCADE BEER.   Every pureaaae ef thla leadlni
brew, add! aobetaatiallr to the parnll ef B. 0.
Aak fer CASCADE aad aesept ae ether bread.   Brewed ud bottled   hr
ly gradually depart from the mere coat
of living, and instead of paying to a
man a wage determined by the necessary cost of living, you begin to tako
into account skill, ability, knowledge,
judgment, and other factors.
Oompany Should Pay Ability
"If a company needs in its employ a
man having skill, ability, knowledge
and judgment, it must pay for these
qualities. It cannot secure snch a man
by saying to him: 'We will pay you the
Summing up and Conclusion interpreted the figures in the Labor
,,r   .... .        . Gazette which he maintained were the
"I   have   discusse*  now  at  aome mMt re,*able onM available   for   the
length—perhaps you will think too long purposes of the Inquiry.   From those
—thl almost countless difficulties that figures be contended the price of liv*
we in this business have to face. ing had dropped 15 per cent, since 1913,
"Our pa.. .i> the last two years par- and he had not been shaken in his con-
ticulurly, has been a hard one to travel, viction by any of the arguments or evl-
And it may be snid to the credit of the deoce brought forward by tho men dur-
men employed by this company, that in ing the course  of the inquiry.   That
a great many  trades,   and   in  many point, in his opinion, had been estab*
bodies of men In our own trado, that Hahed beyond all possibility of refuta-
cost of living.'   These qualities"hBve e jur difficulties would have been settled tion.                            /,„_„„«
value, and a man is paid accordingly. So je a different way than by arbi ration, Alkl Board to Compaia
that in dealing with the wage question, ■''* were not for the restraining in-1   Mr. Murrin,   continuing,   requested
the cost of living   would   have   some Huence of the organization   which   is the board to very oarefully compare th*
bearing when considering wages at or based on the principle of arbitration figures which he had produced dealing
near the minimum only.                         ■••• *Be correct method of getting our with wages   of   street railwaymen in
"We have submittsd a table ehow-'r-Sl'ts*   The men of this organization j Winnipeg and other cities, and alao to
l«g the necessary sinenses of an aver* have been looking forward for some note the prices of staple commodities
nge family of five to be about *1,I133 per *ime ta' " »°lution of their difficulties, In those places.   In Seattle, and many
lyear, and we will challenge anyone to'wbid. would be baaed on a proper no* Canadian cities   ho   considered wages
jshow any items in that table that can derrtandlng of the real conditions uu-[bore a more reasonable relation to the
'be considered a luxury, or even not es* dor which tbey   work   and   live* but price of living than they did in Van*
sential to the ordinary requirements of thoy have never uked and do not now | couver.   Facts which in his estimation
an average family.                                 »h for  anything which  they do not should weigh very materially with the
earn.  Justice is all that wc ask and all board in making its award,
that we expect to receive.
No Desire for Strife
"we have no wish to array the peo*
pie in this city one against the other
or to have one clnss opposed to the oth-
Whenever you can consistently do so, er clnss. But we do ask for, and will
when you require anything you see ad- insist upon,fair dealing and the real
ver,tlsed in The Federationist, be sure practice of tho brotherhood of man.
and explain that you saw his ad. lu The i "As long aB men arc differently made
Federationist, and that it wu becanae ip, and endowed with differing degrees
of that that he is patronized.    Dou't of intelligence and understanding, so
Living Waga First Consideration
"Tbis table has been made up from
the opinions of some of the brightest
minds who  have  given   thought and
forget this.
Vancouver—Offloe and Chanel,
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. Slit.
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chanel, III—Sixth St Weet, Phone
Refucd Service
One Block  weet of Court House.
Du of Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlora  free   to all
Telephone Seymour S4SS
long will they occupy different stations
in the world's work. Some have re-
sponslhility and'the power to lead and
even' in labor work we are called upon
sometimes to travel along high .and
lofty paths, and the power and responsibility that we have we always try to
wisely exercise.
'It is our business to arrange aB far
na we cun, the inequalities of life for
those who aro compelled to struggle and
toll, and in doing that, we always aro
governed by the very wisest judgment
wo can command. The responsibility is
so great.
Whole Question in a Nutshell
"The great question before this
board is, 'Does tho B. O. E. B. company
pay its employees more than they arc
entitled to receive V Does it give them
enough to live ont Does it hold out to
tho women of the families any hopo for i
anything beyond drudgery! Does it
give to the wives and children of ita
employees any promise for their future
Uveal Are their hopes always to be
chained to the wheels of these cars
whhh their fathers run, or is there nay
I chance of help for them in the dim a id
The Terminal Steam
Navigation Co., Ltd.
On oh or the Company'" *>tuntra to
pointt. Three paUtlal ■teamen leave tbe
Union Dock dally at 9:19 a.n„ Sunday at
10:30 a.m. Thla trio affordi paeMBgera a
magnificent view of the icenery among tbe
iiland! *ud flacleri all day.
■1       °00<1 fof P*y °f Un* °Mtr
t ' Phone Seymour (HO
Women Are Enlisting
Hon Ar* Kaeded to Dm
Royal Crown Naptha Soap
Thousands of woman* are making washing easier hy letting BOTAL OMWcT
NAPTHA MAP do the hard part of tha
washing for that Try a oak* aad yoi
wiU loss no tin* enlisting*.
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
BMDOBWOKK, per Tooth..     mo
nnraoT nrrnra platbi.  mm
Diseases of tt* torn, including Pyorrhea, sneesstfilly Mated.
All work guraatatd.       .
Phon* Mymon JS81 Ms*;  Ut Itik *t Ottawa 1
M2 Haatinga Stnet Wast
For Ages 6 to 16 yeara
from 50c. up
iomu aAiimoa nun mar
Fatronln tbo Union label
by Mring
For Sale at All Dsalwi
398 Dnfferln Stroot
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Fint   »»...       Larg*«astAmeric»nSteunoi»«nilarAm«riouiaaj
Out #95.0U "Hew York"  .Aug. Mot
***** sue aa V   V   "PW^elphia- Aug. 28th
CU   ?65.00 d. A   "St Louio- Sept 4th
Thft MnAn "StP*Ul" Se«,tllth
Qui   -J4U.IIU »nd MtMT thereafter.
. Company's Offloes: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
latitat aad mast salad stack la Western Canada. lass* Tanas aad dceaal
treatment, at war Han prices.
Hastings Furniture Ce., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
Daily Launch Trips Up North Arm
ladlaa liver, Wlfwam Inn and all war point.. Bwlmmlaj, teatlaf, laklni,
ductal, ate. Hasniacaat aoaasry. "Coata ae tint than etaflag to ten."
Mekete aad furtb.r IntemaUaa:
Harbour Shipping Co., Gore Ave. Wharf.  Sey. 9590
~" !      "■   » _______' ' '
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8R^ 25 Cents
32 Bides at 38 Bides on Tour Saving On
A S Cent Fare Tango Tickets (1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
They u« Bold by conductors on tbt cars, »t tho B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Bastings streets and 1138 Oran-rtlle stroot; tba Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and aoutb ond of
Granville street bridge; Depotmaiter's Office at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Car Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at tbo
places of business of the following firms throughout the city;
Woodward's   Dept.   Stores    (Drug
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner.
Spencer'l  Dept.    Store    (Cashier's
offlee, Information Bureau and Ex*
change Desks), near Richards.
Wood'i Pharmacy—Seymour Street
Campbell's Fhanrecy —- Oranvllle
Street corner.
Owl Drnirtore—Main Street corner.
Harmon's Drag Store—Near Car-
rail atreet
Browne    a    Beaten,      Dragglate,
Pender atreet corner.
Law'i   Drafitore — Harris atreet
Owl    Draiatore  — Abbott atreet
Owl    Drugstore — Dnnlery atreet
(EmUih Bey)
Torrence Draiatore —
Davie atreet
Bndaon'a Bay Oo. All departmenta
Qcntgim street corner.
Gordon Drysdale'a  (Notion    Conn*
ter)  near Dunsmuir.
Owl Draiatore — Dunsmuir street,
Harrison'!    Drugitoro —    Robson
street corner.
Browne * Beaton, dragilata, Davie
atrwt corner.
P1U Box Dm gitors — Nelion atreet
Law'i Drugstore — Davie    street
Harrison's      Drogitoit — Pender
atreet corner.
Harrison's   Drugstore — Oranvllle
street   and   Seventh   avenue.
Law's Draiatore — Near Broadway
Campbell's Drngitore — Broadway
and Comraereial Drive,
Mitchell's  Oonfectlonery—  Georgia
atreet entrance.
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St
Near Davie PAGE FOUR
FBIDAY ........ AUGUST 20, 1918
Outing Shirts, Hats and Neckwear
for Men of Discriminating Taste
—and prices which fully demonstrate our position as the low price store
of this city.
THE "OLU" SHIRTS (registered)' ae illustrated, with the shirt
tails made into drawers; particularly comfortable, frustrating the uncomfortable feeling experienced when the shirt works up the back. The s
"Clus". ia always in its place; permits of free movement, is loose fitting
and fills the requirements of the atheleie. Choose from plain white or
with pin and'fancy stripes, Al   *7C    AND   fcO CA
Price only eple/O *p£oOU
MEN'S WHITE SOX—Of cashmere, in light' and medium weight
and seamless.   A full range of sizes. Cft*%     TO     7ts-_*
Prices    OUC #OC
MEN'S OUTINGt HATS in white and natural linen shades CA/*
in sizes 6% to 7%-.   Price.  ..;... OUC
LAND AND WATER HATS FOR MEN of nice soft felt in red and
white, green and white and purple and white—just the hat for camping
and boating.   Light and cool and can be rolled up and ' gA
pocketted.   Price '. OUC
^rOh^ButJsonsBayConipanij. m
l_ .   V staaaaaamta  >*ta     mam t saamaaa. tnatt aanmmwm \ /***-y -
Consumers Buy Direct
from Producers
The Vancouver City Market
Special Values in DRESSED POULTRY,
Visit the Market
Your friends will be there
I Fresh Fruitsand Vegetables
Selling at Wholesale Prices
Boost the Market
for your own interests
Fairmont 2178  Main St Bridge
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
BAOLET t SONS. 151 Haitian Stnet Seymour 818
BWCtaZME_J. JLt 81* BVoa^dwajr Eaat. -.....—
BRAND A PERRY, 888 Pander Street, Weet 	
BUBKAKD PUBLISHING  CO.,  711  Se/moar  Straet
—      4801 Main Street  .......
.Fairmont 808
..Seymour 8878
 r      ..Seymour  8580
CHINOOK PRINTING CO., 4801 Main Street Fairmont 1874
CLARKE * STUART, 820 Seymoar Street Seymoar 8
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Temple Building  Soymonr 4480
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO, 4ST Dunemulr Street .Seymoar 1108
EVANS A HABTINGS, Arte and Cralti Bldg, Seymour St Seymoar 6850
GBANDVIEW PBINTERS, 1448 Commercial. Hlfhlaad 741L
JEWELL, li. L, 841 Vendor St   ...... Seymour Mil
KERSHAW, J. A., 688 Howa £1   Seymour 8674
LATT A, R P, 838 Gore Ave Seymour 1089
MAIN PRINTING CO, S8S1 Main St Fairmont 1888
UeLEAN A SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver N. Van. 68.
MOORE PRINTING CO, Oor. Granville aad Robion Sta Seymour 4848
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 801 Pender SU... .. .Seymour 1028-41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver.... N Van. 80
PAOIFIO PRINTERS. World BuUdlni.   Seymour 8608
PEARCE A HODGSON, 518 Hamilton Street Seymour 1888
ROEDDE, G. A, 816 Homer Street Seymour 384
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO, 817 Cambie St    Seymour 8608
TERMINAL CITY PBES8, 2406 Weilmlnater Road....   Fairmont 1140
THOMSON STATIONERY, 888 Haatinga W.. Seymour 8680
TIMM8, A. H, 180 Fourteenth Ave. E.;       ... .Fairmont 681R
WESTERN PRESS, 828 Cordova W Seymour 7668
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO, 881 Dunemulr SL Seymoar 8526
WHITE A BINDON, 157*158 Cordova St. Seymour 1316
Write "Unloa Label" oa Toar Oopy whsn Ton Sand It ta tha Prlatai
Capital $16,000,000        Beit 113,500,000
Main Olllce:   Corner Haatinga and Oranvllle Streeta, Vancouver
ALMA ROAD Cor. Fourth Avenue and Alma Road
COMMERCIAL DBIVE Cor. Firat Avuntie nml Commercial Drive
EAST END -. Cor. Pender and Main Streeta
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Granville Street
HASTINGS and CAMBIE Cor. Haatlnte and Gamble Streete
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT  .Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraeer Road
Alto North Vancouver Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
XIA'PI?! Pfi'tflFNT Alwolutely Fireproof. Local and Long-IJlniHiii-e
IUIIE1L1 RliUrjlll Phon, ln Bv,r„ Roonucafa In Connection. Raton
81.00 par day up.   Attractive Ratea to Permanent Guests.
'       i * Baattr. Proprietors 188 Haitian Straet Baal
"Things Cooked as You Like Them"
110 Cordova Street, West, 3 blocks east of C. F, B. Station.
Take home one of onr Chicken Loaves—half 70c, wholo tl.60.
Trays delivered to all parts of the city at any hour.
OPEN ALL NIGHT. Phone Seymour 3316.
B. B. Perry P. L. Wood
J. McGHAIV ARY, Proprietor
60 outside, bright, airy rooms
Two block! from Labor Temple and Depot
Corner Homer Street Vancouver, B. C
How Wars Arise Which the
Workers Are Expected
to Fight Out
How  International  Hucksters Trade in the Lives
of Nations
(By W. M. C.)
A petep behind the scenes of international diplomacy is a' rare occurrence to
the average work-a-day individual, as
diplomatic intricacies are considered be*
yond the powers of his understanding,
and in fact none of hia business.
The Sport of Kings.
Diplomacy is alone the sport of kings,
and of thoso with blue-blooded corpuscles coursing through their veins. Those
of the red-blooded corpuscles must not
meddle in this realm whatsoever, their
sole duty being, when diplomatists agree
to disagree, to seize guns and endeavor.
to shoot all those whom the said diplomatists label "enemy."
The peep behind the scenes in this
instance is afforded by the "secret
memoirs" just published of the late
Count Tadasu Hayashi, and dealing
with the why and wherefor of the Anglo-Japanese treaty. It is not likely,
under present circumstances, that the
patriotic press will contain many editorials on, or excerpts from, these memoirs; which iB all the more reason why
the workers should learn a few facts
about this treaty, especially (in relation
to the recent Japanese demands upon
China. ,
Letting the Oat Out.
The Hon. Hayashi was Japanese embassador to Great Britain, a member of
the secret order of diplomats, and high
in the councils of thoso from whom the
unrs come.
, In 1895 France, Russia and Germany
[strenuuBly opposed and prevented Japan
from reaping any fruits from her victory over China. Japan plainly Baw
.that, to gain her purpose in this direction, she must have a "big brother."
Who this "big brother" should happen
to be, Japan was not at all particular,
so long as the end was gained; and
different cliques favored either Britain,
Russia, France or Germany.
The Kaiser Gets His.
, Baron von Eckardstein, representing
Germany in London, proposed a German-
I British- Japanese alliance, and both Lord
LanBdowne and Hayashi nibbled at the
idea. Germany, however, was ultimately cold-shouldered out' of the deal, and
jit remains for posterity to decide "how
much German opposition to Britain waa ■
developed by the manner of her treatment in tho Far East.''
So far as Britain was concerned, the
alliance was due to "the fear of Russian aggression on India and Constantinople. So far as Japan was concerned,
it was the absorption of orea, and a
predominating position in China. Britain was to keep the ring whilst Japan
|attacked Russia."
And the Czar Gets His.
Lord Lansdowne told Hayashi that
Korea was of little Interest to Britain,
"but she does not want to see Korea
fall into the hands of RuBsiu." Still, in
the first draft of the proposed treaty,
ho failed to insert a clause recognizing
|Japan's "paramount' interests in .Korea," which did not at all satisfy the'
Hon. Hayashi, who felt that this was:
the whole essence . of the treaty, and
must be made clear, and if Great Britain was likely to feel embarrassed by
putting a clear statement in the treaty,
then it must be covered by a secert
Flirting With the Bear.
To make Britain toe the line the wily
.Hayashi suggested to the Japanese Moguls that a bluff be made of treating
with Russia, a suggestion which the
Japanese head men Snapped at; and
Mnrqnis Ito, who was in the United
'Statea at the time, wss sent to Russia,
| via the English Channel, ostentatiously
missing Britain on the way.
Lansdowne fell for the play, and th,e
alliance was formed, Lansdowne telling
Hayashi that "we want to make.it as
I unnoticenble as possible, aB otherwise
the treaty may meet with opposition in
I parliament."
Bo That's What Happened.
There is no question that Japan's np-
igrfsHion in China has been greatly aided
{and abetted by this treaty, and a situation developed which looks like leading to serious complications in the near
lllt-PC.      j
As an aid to th" prevention of wars
the workers, and all anti-militarists for
that matter, should make it their business to Bee that these secret diplomats
and their secret treaties are wiped off
the slate, and International relations
i handled openly in parliament. '
Bruin's New Clothes.
Latest reportB from the Eastern front
are to the effect thnt the Russians
around Warsaw are now wearing
"Deutschland overalls." It has not
yGt been determined if they benr the
union label.
Sweet Charity in the 'Peg.
The Associated Charities in Winnipeg
nided 532 women workers in May: The
causes given ns the need for uid are as
follows: Unemployment, 114; general
sickness, 08; widows, 94; inadequate
wage, 35; under employment, 35; desertion, 35; tuberculosis, 24; man away,
21; old age, 18; imprisonment, 12;
rheumatism, 0; cripples, 8; insanity, 8;
nccidenta, 7; scpilrntion, 5; non-support,
3; intemperance, 2; immorality, 2; misfortune 1; lnzinoss, 1.
The.jjosition of the figures benring on
unemployment, sickness, widows, intemperance and laziness are noteworthy.
Carpenters' New Printery.
The July, 1915, number of The Carpenter, official journal of' tho United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
of America, was issued from the now
printing plant of the Brotherhood, located in the bnsement of the building
owned by tho Brotherhood in Indianapolis. Beginning with the September
issue, tho official journal will he sent
each member of the'goat Brotherhood
at his home address, making it oae of
the most widely circulated trades union
publications in the World.
Inquisitive Motorist — Hey, Bub,
what do you get for hoeing those
weed! Bub—Nothin» ef I do, an* hell
ef I don't.—Puok;'
Parker Williams, H. P. P., to Mr. Day.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Your correspondent, Mr. John Bay, has made
two discoveries, on page 24 of the government 'a pamphlet on mining, he found
it' Baid, that somebody's bright expectation for increased value of mining
output during 1914, had been shattered
by the war. This caused Mr. Day to
conclude that the assurances as to
shortage of labor, as given on page 8,
meant something other than what it
said. And. also that these conditions
no longer obtained- The statement at
page 8, ''there is consequently plenty
of work in the country for miners and
mine workers generully, and the attention of British miners is directed to this
field of labor." This iB not Bald of
1914. It purports to state labor conditions at the time the booklet is circulated, 1915, and as such it Ib a vicious
Again, "the current wage (not 1914)
in and about the mines are as follows:
Miners receive from $3.30 to $4.60 per
day." This is another cruel He. At
the present moment thore are better
men than I or Mr. Day ever., knew how
.to be, glad to work for $2 per day, and
even less.
And again, "the conditions of life nre
eoBy—want is unknown," Any mnn
who, having lived on thiB const during
the last two winters, places his official
guarantee to such a statement, haB lost'
all semblance to usefulness, .and the
John Day who seeks to condone this
crime has other motives than truth, or
the best interests of the working class.
It would be interesting to know how
it occurred to Mr. Day to inouire how
many of these pamphlets had been sent
to San Francisco. If my figures aro incorrect, I assume the responsibility for
a mistake, but in view of the character
of the booklet itself, Mr. Day can
scarcely ask the reader to accept the
statement of the mine development, and
as the gentleman himself believes that
the publication "ahould serve a useful
purpose," merely finding "some,statements that I would question," and
"theBe I would deal with without reference to the pamphlet,'' (would hitch
them on to the moon,- probably, and
deal with them as a-lunar phenomenon.)
I submit that Mr. Day is in no condition to deserve serious attention.
Ladysmith, B. C, Aug. 16. .  .
The War Will Make the Disproportion
The preponderance of women in the
belligerent, countries of Europe will be
one of the results of the war. Its effect
on social conditions can hardly be
overestimated. The thirty years war
produced such slaughter in Germany
that in parts of that country bigamy
was actually legalized.
Even before the war the number of
unmarried women in Britain presented-
a large problem. At the last census
there were in England 1,202,694 moro
females than males enumerated, in Scotland 144,000, and in Ireland 6,000, Wales
being the only one of the four countries which wub able to claim more
males than females (the actual excess
was only 24,000.) For the United Kingdom as a whole the excess of females
was then 1,338,594. Today it. is estimated that it must be over a million
and a half. The number of unmarried
women.is reckoned to be over 2,000,000.
Of the young people on the threshold of
adult life and responsibility, roughly 65
per cent, of these young women marry
and settle down in homes of their own,
while another 20 per*oent. have private
means or are living at home with prospects of private means. Altogether,
about 80 per cent, of Great Britain's
unmarried women are obliged to face
life in a very practical' way. A royal
commission found that the average wage
of the women worker in Britain was
seven. shillings per week.
Philadelphia   Committee   Last   Tear
Urged Unanimous Affiliation.
The affiliation of the railroad brotherhoods with American Federation of Labor has been under consideration for
several years, and has been urged by
those who earnestly desire to see the
American labor movement attain its fullest development and usefulness. Organizations that are not affiliated lost
the full measure of benefits that might
be derived for their members through
associated efforts with the general labor
movement, and tlie general labor movement is in turn hampered by every organization that remains isolated. This
was the thought expressed in a resolution adopted by the Philadelphia (1914)
X. T. U. Convention at Los Angeles
From all accounts to hand the I. T. U,
convention at Lob Angelea laat week
waB a hum-dinger, the best ever. The
souvenir, issued by the local union, was
a work of art.
Reservations for Delegates
Delegates to the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada convention here
next month who desire hotel -reservations made for them should at once
communicate with the chairman of the
committee, R. P. Pettipiece, Labor
What is "fair Wage?"
It was Thomas Carlyle who said:
A fair day's wage for a fair day's
work, and it was novelist Grant Allen who said that "There was no such
thing as a fair day's wage, as the moment it became fair it ceased to be
a wage.. Nothing short of the whole
product was fair.to the producer, or
the worker."
Building The Next Army.
It was stated recently, at a meeting
of the Kingston, England, Education
Committee, that in one school 87 children worked before and after school
hours (including one child of 7# years,
who worked from 6 to 8 a.m. on six
days, and from 9.30 till 11 a.m. on Sunday—for 6d.) and arrived at school too
sleepy to be taught.
The parliamentary secretary to the
board of education (Mr. Herbert Lewis) stated in answer to a question by
Mr. Jowett, on July 22, that a bill safeguarding the conditions of employment
of school children was not at present
I ■  £7
Seattle Woman's Wages.
The Industrial Welfare Commission
haa established $0 as the minimum wage
for all females of 18 or over employed
in hotels and restaurants, or other
'places where lodgings are supplied or
food prepared in Seattle, this order to
| take effect August 17. The minimum
| wage rate for girls under 18 ia $7.50.
If board and room are given in partial payment, the deduction on this account must not exceed $5 per week.
Tailors' Organizer Appointed.
James Watt,  Toronto, has been appointed an organizer of the Journeymen
Tailors' Union of America, his term to
begin in September.
"Jack" Bruce a Delegate.
J. W. Bruce will represent the Plumb-
era' International Union at the forthcoming convention of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada in Vancouver next month. He is at present in his
home town, Toronto.
The kind of people who are constantly going to soothsayers tb have
their minds read nnd their futures predicted are mostly those who haven't
A " near-bohemian" is a woman who
would choke if she tried to smoke a
cigarette, but who can talk of the different "brands" just like a tobacco
An Ideal Home
For $2,500
I will sacrifice my house and two lots, 66 feet frontage
by 122 feet depth, in 800 block, Eighth avenue east, for immediate sale; modern cottage; improved; lots more than
worth the money; mortgage can be arranged. Biggest snap
in Vancouver. Am going to the front in a few weeks. Apply 857 Eighth avenue east, Vancouver, B. C.
To The Trades Uuions of British Columbia
Despite the industrial depression and financial stringency wc feel wc should make a special effort to increase the
circulation of The British Columbia Federationist, official
organ of the labor movoment of Vancouver and Province of
British Columbia. To this end wc ask the various labor organizations to take up the question of subscribing for The
Federationist by means' of the payment of a per capita tax
on each member of ten cents per month, to be collected from
each member when he or she pay their monthly dues. We
feel confident that hundreds of trades unionists would be
willing to pay for the paper in this way, and would support
a movement in your organization along that line.
* *
If the labor organizations of the oity would take this
matter up and get their entire membership oh the subscription list of The Federationist, the added circulation would
give the paper a standing in Vancouver that no other paper
could possibly have. The amounts collected from the members of your union oouldl be forwarded to The Federationist
office monthly, or at such times as are mutually agreed upon,
and the papers would be sent to the home of each subscriber. In this way a labor paper can be made the power it
ought to be in this oity and province in building up the
movement industrially and politically.
Have your organization take the matter up as speedily
as possible and let us know your decision in the matter. "'.'
The Spencer Label on Paint
is the surest indication you can have that the paint is good
and all that is claimed for it. And you can buy erery kind
of paint, yarnish, oil, etc., here at an average lower price than
anywhere else we know.
SPENCEB'S PAINT—No..1 guaranteed. <
Light colors; per gallon.    $2.40
High colors; per gallon ....$2.60
White; per gallon,   , $2.85
Sold in every size tin from quarter-pint.
SPENCEB'S GLAZOL, or Enamel Paint; gallon $2.75
Sold in every size tin from quarter pint.
SPENCEB'S OLAZOL LAC or Varnish Stain; half gallon (1.55
Sold in every size tin from quarter-pint.
SPENCEB'S'FLOOB WAX forall kinds of woodwork; lb..........43c.
SPENCEB'S WALLFAPEB CLEAVES for cleaning wallpaper, water
color's window shades etc.; a tin , ....,,.,  t 25c.
' **fl>8N08B'S ABT ENAJlEL-rrWhite, pint ..i". 50o.
Quart.. Q0c.
water finish; 10 shades; 5 lb. package    35c.
SPENCEB'S SHINOLE STAIN In 12 shades; gallon 95o.
SPENCEB'S OIL STAIN penef rates the wood and is lasting; gal.. .$1.75
Bold In every size tin from one pint up.
David Spencer Limited
European Plan American Plan
Boom, II and 11.60 par D»j. $2.50 to 13.50 per Oar
Boom, with Bath, 11.50 and »2 par Day
Cor. Seymour and Dunsmuir Sts. "Most Central Location in Vancouver
Labor Temple
Phone Sey. 4410
printers of The Fed.
Some Questions and Answers Concerning the B. C. Consumers' League
1. What is the B. C. Consumers' League ?
The League 'is an organization made up of many of the
most representative people of Vancouver and vicinity. Any resident of B. C. may become a member, and the constitution provides for sections or branches throughout the Province. There
are no dues or. fees.
2. What persons are condueting.the League's affairs J
The president of the League is Mrs. J..C, Kemp, who for
many years has been a leader in public service organizations in
this Province; the* vice-president is Mrs. Ralph Smith, who is
also very well known for public-spirited work; the treasurer is
Mr. James Hart, secretary of the B. O. Manufacturers' Association ; the seoretary is Mr. J. Herbert Welch, writer, editor and
publicity specialist. Represented by two members each on the
Board of Directors are the Women's Forum, Local Council of
Women, King's Daughters, Vancouver District W. C. T. U.,
South Vancouver Women's Forum, Women's Institute of Central Park, Board of Trade, Manufacturers' Association, Industrial Bureau, Retail Merchants' Association, Retail Grocers' Association.
* 3.   What are the objects of the Leaeguef
To encourage B. C. production in industrial/ agricultural,
mineral and all other useful lines.
To promote the preferential buying in B. C. first, of the
products of B. C.; second, of Canada; third of the British Empire in general.
To bring the producer and consumer more closely together
for purposes of mutual benefit.
To insist upon healthfulness and purity in foodstuffs, and
the maintenance of high standards in all B, C. products.
To safeguard the interests of B. C. consumers.
To influence consumers* to pay cash, or if not, to pay
bills promptly. , • ,
To influence consumers to shop as early as possible, and to
regulate their buying so as to make deliveries as few as possible;
4. What is the special need for the League in B. C. f
The huge.sum of $22,000,000 a year, or above $70,000 on
eaeh business day, is being sent out of the Province for agricultural products such as are grown here. Nearly,as much is being sent away for manufactured goods. The immense amount
of money leaving the Province day after day and year after
year is enriching other centres at the heavy expense of British
Columbia,  There is urgent need to stop this. -    ,
What practical, patriotic work can the League accomplish'/
The League oan arouse tho consumers of the Provinoe to
the great importance of keeping in local-channels of circulation as much as possible of the money now going out, and can
influence thousands of individual consumers to give the preference in their buying to B. C. products, thus bettering the
market for articles made or grown here; stimulating industry
and agriculture, increasing the opportunities for employment,
both for those here and for the soldiers when they return from
their heroic defense of British institutions; and, in general,
bringing about in B. C. a new area of progress and prosperity.
6. What are the League's chief plans for accomplishing
these purposes?* .
One of the plans is to remind all consumers, and keep reminding them, through the newspapers, bulletin boards, and
other mediums df publicity, that they can change hard'times to
good times if enough of them will give the preference in their
buying, price and1 quality being equal, to the products of British Columbia. Another plan is to have thousands of consumers
sign cards pledging themselves to give this preference. A
campaign is under way to obtain five thousand signatures
within two months, the aim is ten thousand signatures before
the end of the year. *,.,.'
7. Why is it important for me to sign a pledge card, give
the preference, and induce others to do likewise f'
Because the League needs your aid in this big, vital work
for more B. C. production and prosperity.
League offices: 183 Pendter street west (Industrial Bureau
Building).  Telephone Seymour -424?,'   .' *


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