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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 17, 1915

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THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH.
Us
SEVENTH YEAR,/■ j£l
OFFICIAL PAPER : VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL AND B. 0. FEDERATION OP LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1915
Behind the Scenes Politics
Make Very Interesting:
Reading
The Official Reason for War
$    Is Usually Not the
True One
[By W. M. C]
Tho London Daily Chronicle of 30th
ultimo, contains an interesting comparison. On one page is given the
"Kning's Call to the Nation," calling
for moro sacrifices, and "to make good
theae sacrifices" already mado. On another page is given a full account of the
winning of the Quoenabury Handicap by
his majesty's colt Friar Marcus. After
all the "thrift" campaign too. It
would appear a very reasonable deduction that'' sacrifices, like charity, ought
to begin at home."
What It Is Like.
Anent the civilized methods of modern warfare, the Manchester Guardian
of 23rd ult. contains an officer's letter,
from which the following excerpt' is
taken: "Now is the time to give the
ftntiimt infantryman his head. Scrnmb-
ing over the high parapet and slithering down tho other side, he advances
-*- through the long,-gruss with a yell, his
fleet-footed platoon commander leading
by a few yards."
The latter may be brandishing a light
cane, but preferably he has a revolver
in one hand and a knuckle-duster in the
other. Theso, knuckle-dusters are bloodcurdling things, more unpleasant to the
imagination than tho largest gun. Thoy
slip over the hand with a strap, and
havo a nasty steol point about three inches long. With this instrument you
jab n-yGerman in the eye."
Head hunters of North Borneo, please
note!
Wbat About Jaures Munrder?
It, will be remomberod that, shortly
after the murder of M. Jaures, it was
stated in the press that "a number of
Political personages in the chamber
nave been examined and placed under
arrest in connection with the assassination of M. Jaures by Itonul Villian."
It would be interesting to know wbat
further became, of tbese "political personages. '' Perhaps the French authorities hpve "'forgotten" the incident—
but have the workers?
.   An Interesting Case.
We are progressing, and that rapidly.
James Houston, an Ayrshire "laddie,"
"waB tried and found guilty on two
counts, one of which was with making
the statement "that the present war
was desired and caused by capitalists,
who would derive pecuniary benefit
therefrom." The statement was made
during the course of a speech; and the
malicious slander was deeply rosented,
and denied, by the local patriots. Another noteworthy incident of the trial
wbb that the crown sought to put forward military witnesses. This, in a civil
case, but the sheriff, to his credit, refused to allow it.
The verdict was peculiar, considering
that the statement was a purely political one—one that haB been made the
world over thousands of times in regard
to war by all shades of opinion, even by
British consuls; thougn it had always
been levelled, by them, against tbe Germans, or somo other nation. And the
Germans, and others, had consistently
charged it to the British, and others.
But Houston sqems to havo struck home
—and it hurt.
That capitalists desire, and cause, and
benefit from war, the following excerpts mny aid in proving to those who
are still undecided on the question:
Some Previous Opinions.
Thus Dr. E. J. Dillon, in the Contemporary Review,January, 1912: "The
root of the British-German antagonism
is this: We want to keep what wo have,
and, therofore, favor the status quo;
whereas our discontented cousins crave
for what thoy have not got."
Prof. Usher's "Pan-Germanism":
"The exports from England to the English colonies alone, sho (Germany)
knows to total sevornl hundrod millions
of dollars. Such a market she is determined to havo, cost what it may."
Herr Hnrden, of Germany, has openly
declared   thnt   Germany's   opponents
. have "seized, possessed and colonized
J;reat stretches of the most fertile soil
n the world. Now Germany's hour has
struck."
In 1875, tho loading British financiers
appealed to Lord Dorby to got the British govornment to act against Turkoy,
and bo secure tho interest and tho capital of Turkey's foroign bondholders.
And nobody ever made any bonos
about who doflired, caused and benefited
from the Boer war.
Behind the War Scenes.
And now a few excerpts, as space Ib
limited, from H. N. Bradford's "The
War of Steel and Gold": "Conquest,
in the old sense of the word, has become obsolete. Our bankers will not do
in China, what Cortes and Pizarro did
in the New World. They build a railway, or sink a mine. Our Ahab 's do
not take Nabotb's vineyard; they invest money in it.
"The inner history of the Russo-
Japanese war shows that all the ministers of the czar were sincerely disposed
to evacuate Manchuria, and no less opposed to any advance towards the Yula
river and Korea. They failed, because
the timber enterprise, which was the attraction of the Tula district, was a
court venture. To defend tho interest
of Lord Rothschild and his fellow bondholders, Egypt was first' occupied, and
thero practically annexed by,Great Bri-1
tain.
To the Poor Parson.
To avenge the murder of a German
missionary by a Chinese mob, the Germans annexed Kiaou-Ouau, and a district stretching 100 miles inland—tho
town being noted, not merely for its
dislike of German missionaries, but also
as a very valuable port. To protect investors who had speculated in its debt,
LABOR CAMPAIGN-COMMITTEE
TO MEET NEXT TUESDAY EVENING
The flutter in provincial political circles during the past few
days was reflected in the attendance at Wednesday evening's meeting of the parliamentary committee of the Trades and Labor council,
and for two hours there was a refreshing breeze of old times in evidence, which seems to demonstrate that trade unions are influenced
by much the same human interests as other mortals.
Municipal Elections.
The municipal elections were discussed at some length. The
difficulty of finding qualified candidates with the necessary property,
clear of incumbrances, was once more brought home to the committee, resulting in no definite recommendations to the central labor
body, so far as new candidates are concerned. The candidature of
Councillor Welsh and School Trustee Neelands for re-election, was
recommended for endorsation, as also was that of Delegate Bigby of
the Streetrailway Employees' union, for school trustee, all of South
Vancouver municipality. In Point Grey, Delegate Wilton, of the
Typo, union, was endorsed by the committee and passed up to the
parent body for ratification.
Provincial Politics.
After an informal discussion, of the provincial situation politically, it was decided to call a special meeting of the campaign committee, which will now be separated from the parliamentary, for
Tuesday evening, Dee. 21, in room 210, Labor Temple, at 8 o'clock.
To this meeting the several candidates of the central labor body,
recently chosen by referendum .vote, will be invited, it being the
intention of the committee to put things in proper order for eventualities in tho way of elections.
Protection for "Movie" Operators.
Upon recommendation of a delegation from the Moving Picture
Operators' union, it was decided to recommend that a committee
from the council be named to co-operate with the union in an endeavor to secure from the civic authorities somef urther protection
for moving picture operators and movie attendants. A new examination of all operators before being granted licenses for 1916 was
urged,
foreign financial control was imposed on
Greece.
The claims of various financial adventurers, who had grievances against
Prosidont Castro's government, induced
Britain nnd Germany to conduct a naval
expedition against Venezuela. A naval
expedition was undertaken by France to
the Island of Mytilene to collect a usurious debt due by the Sultan to a pair
of Levantine financiers with Italian
numes (M. M. Lorando and Tubino.)
Dividing the Spoils.
The French and German ambassadors
in Constantinople ongnge in an incessant strife over tho rigat to supply Turkey with armaments from the forges of
Covensot and Essen. The banks take
their share in tho competition, and the
usual procedure now is, that Turkoy is
offered a loan by a French or German
bank, on condition that the proceeds are
expended in buying cannon, as tho case
may be, from Schneider or Krupp,
Austria has been known to mako it a
condition of concluding a tariff treaty
with Serbia that she should buy her
cannon from Skoda. Our recent rap-
pro ichment with Spain, which included a royal marriage, a treaty for the
defence of the Spanish coasts, and some
protection 4or Spanish interests in Morocco, was completed by the rebuilding
of tho Spanish navy by British firms."
And bo on, ad infinitum. If the capitalists do not benefit from wars, then
who in Jericho does?
The British Brand.
Wm. LeQueux, in the '' Deadly
Peril": "Patriotic English merchants
have supplied the German army, without restrictions from the British government, with 20,000,000 lbs. of tea,
with the result that the price to the
English worker has risen 3d per lb.
Coul t'elieverod in London at 16s per'
ton before the** war, is now delivered at
nothing less than 40b per ton. At a
time when the British navy dominates
the trade routes, we have seen food
prices steadily mounting until the purchasing price of a sovereign has fallen
by 25%." Who got this difference! If
it weren 't a criminal offence, wo should
say the capitalists got it.
Our "Stupid" Ancestors.
- From the San Francisco Star: "Go to
the monkey, thou voter; consider -his
ways and be wise. Do the monkeys
pay ground rent to the descendants of
the first old ape who discovered the
valleys where the monkeys live! Do
they hide the trees from the chimpanzee who first found the forest? Do
they buy the cocoanuts from the great-
great-grand-children of the gorilla who
invented a way to crack themf
"Do they allow two or three monkeys to form a corporation and obtain
control of all the pnths that lead
through the woods? Do they pormit
some smart monkoy, with superior business ability, to claim all tho springs of
water in tho forest as his own, because
of some alleged bargain made by their
ancestors 500 years ago?
"Do thoy allow a smart gang of monkey lawyers to sp tangle up thoir conceptions of ownership that a fow will
obtain pOBBesBion of everything? Do
they appoint a' few monkeys to govern
them, and then allow these appointed
monkeys to rob tho tribe and mismanage all its affairs?   "
"Do they build up a monkey city,
nnd then hand ovor the land, and tho
paths, and the trees, and the springs,
and the fruits, to a few monkeys who
sat on a log and chattered whilo the
work was going on?"
No, sir, no such monkey-business for
them.
Old-timer of Boyal Oity Dead.
An old-time member of the Street-
railway Employees' union at New
Westminster, Fletcher Shaw, aged 61,
died suddenly on Doc. 7, of heart failure. He had boen out of active service
for two years, but was well-known in
the Royal City.
Fossil, Oonscriptlonists.
Lord Northcliffe recently published a
manifesto, signed by 38 prominent men,
demanding conscription. Correspondents
promptly got on the job, and showed
that of these 38 worthies no fewer than
28 wero over 60 years of age, five over
70, and one over 80.       ^
Typos Sign Up New Wage
Scale in All of Their
Jurisdiction
The Council Will Consider
the Selection of Civic
Candidates
The last meeting of Now Westminster Trades and Labor council, Dec. 8,
1015, opened at 8.10 with President
Maiden in the chair. Minutes read and
adopted. Credentials for B. B. Chapman from the Bartenders' union were
read and the delegate obligated and
seated. Typographical union reported
that they had signed up two more shops
at the new scale, one in Burnaby and
tho other in Chilliwack. This leaves
only two shops in the jurisdiction out.
Bartenders: Trade very slack; musicians, work very short at present,* cigarmakers, all men in, town working now;
street railwaymeii, same as" before,
about half the mon employed; electrical
workers, no change; engineers, local is
defunct, only five or six men left in
town; brewery workers, very quiet.
Questions by membera: Does the
council intend to take part in the municipal campaign this year? Delegate
Paulson stated that he would be very
much opposed to such action this year.
Motion by Stoney-Yates, that "a committee of three be appointed to report
at the next meeting on the advisability
of putting candidates in the field."
Stoney, Yates and Knudsen were appointed on the committee. Delegate
Stoney introduced Quartermaster Sergeant Youhill, who addressed the council for a considerable time on his experiences in the trenches with the 7th
battalion. He gave a vivid description
of modern warfare, and told his audience that the Canadian soldiers had no I
superiors anywhere in the world. His
talk was received with close attention,
M DOINGS AMONG
!        THE LOCAL TYPOS
The regular monthly meeting of Vancouver Typographical union will be held
on Sunday afternoon, lgth inst., at 2
o'clock. Owing to Christmas Day immediately preceding the date of meeting, ordinarily, the December meeting
is to be held one week earlier. It is understood there will be up for discussion
a proposition which originated in New
Westminster during a recent visit of
Mr. Hugh Stevenson of Toronto, I. T.
TJ. delegate to the A. F. of L., to that
city, that' Vancouver endeavor to secure
the 1919 convention of the I. T. U.
At a conference of western premiers
held in Victoria this week, the matter
of having text books printed in the
west was taken up and received favorable consideration. This is a question
which was laid before the government'
at Victoria by a joint committee from
Victoria and Vancouver Typographical
unions a short while ago. At that time
assurance was given that the idea was
a worthy one, and would be given earnest attention. Evory printer in the
west Bhould be an enthusiastic booster
for this idea, as it means more work,
more money and moro printers.
Commencing January next, every
union printer in Canada and the United
States will contribute five cents a
month more to the Union Printers'
Home at Colorado Springs. This increases the por capita tax from 45 cents
to 50 cents, and the additional revenue
thus provided is to be used in extending the accommodation of that great institution. The five cents addition will
amount to approximately (40,000 extra
each year.
Mr. A. A. Brookhouse, candidate for
councillor in Burnaby, has been fortunate in securing the services of Mr. W.
S. Armstrong on his campaign committee. There iB quite a' large number
of Burnaby voters resident in Vancouver, and, as chairman of the committee,
it will be "Billy's" duty to see that
none are overlooked. "
Mr. Harry Fletcher, printer-miner,
well-known on the coast from Seattle to
Dawson, has deposited his card with the
local union.
Mr. J. Lucas took out his travelling
card and is leaving for Toronto, where
it is Mb intention to enlist for overseas
service.
After four months military duty, Mr.
W. Murdoch has secured his discharge,
and is again showing up at the World.
m^ POLITICAL UNITY: VICTOBT!
(boSra£i     $1.50 PER YEAB
,   m,y' ,   ,        =
We know bow to grow wheat, enough
      7|for all.   We know how to make bread,
nnd at the end he was given a vote of j enough for nil.   But we nave not yet
thanks for his kindness in coming to learned how to make it possible for all
the meeting.
to get bread.
B. C. F. of L CONVENTION CALL
STREET RAILWAY EMPLOYEES
Election of Officers Taking Place today
for Ensuing Term.
Election of officers for the onsuing
torm for Division No. 101, Street Railway Employees, is taking place today
at headquarters, corner Prior and Main
Btreets. Installation will tuko place at
Lnbor Temple next Wednesday. W.
Yates, New Westminster, vice-president
of the B. C. Federation of Lnbor, will
address tho afternoon meeting on Dec.
*"* on behalf of the Federation.
'Frisco Painters Win Out.
Union paintors in San Francisco have
defeated tho lockout of the Mnster
Painters' association, which attempted
to break the recently adopted rule of
the paintors that from November 1 to
March 31 five days would constitute a
week's work. 'Contractors wore not interested in this attempt to benefit tho
unemployed, and they locked out over
1000 employees. After a short idleness,
however, the boss painters accepted the
new system.     ,
To All Organized Labor in British Columbia:
Pursuant to the constitution, a call is hereby issued for the Sixth Annual Convention of the British
Columbia Federation of Labor, to convene in the Labor Temple, Vancouver, B.C., at 10 a.m. on Monday, tho 17th of January, 1916.
REPRESENTATION.
Bach organization affiliated with the Federation shall be entitled to one delegate for the first hundred members or less, and one delegate for each additional hundred members or major fraction thereof.
Central labor bodies, district boards, building trades councils, allied councils and similar bodies
shall be entitled to two delegates each. Delegates from central bodies must be members of unions
affiliated with the Federation.
No proxies shall be allowed.
Delegates shall receive their credentials from their local unions in duplicate and send one copy to
the Secreatry of the Federation' at least two weeks previous to the date of the convention and deliver
the other to the committee on credentials.
No credential shall be considered valid bearing more than name of delegate and' alternate: provided that if alternate presents credentials and is seated he shall be the only recognized representative throughout the sessions of the convention. -
Tho Executive Board will meet prior to the date of convention for the purpose of preparing reports, appointing committees, etc.
You should therefore elect your delegate at once, as affiliated organizations who leave the selection of delegates to the last moment have very little chance of representation on the committee.
REVENUE. \
Any union or central body that has not been previously affiliated may become affiliated by paying
six months' dues for the term they make application.
The revenue of the Federation shall be derived as follows: A per. capita tax of two cents per
member per month from all local unions. From central bodies, district boards, building trades councils,
allied trades councils, and similar bodies, one dollar per'month. All moneys shall be payable'in advance
to the secretary of the Federation in two half-yearly instalments due and payable in January and July
of each year. .
If your organization is not yet afflliated, you may become affiliated and entitled to representation
at the convention by paying the per capita tax for the January to June, 1916, term, at the rate of two
cents, per member per month.
■ A list of tho hotels and lodging houses, will be published later, and a copy forwarded to each delegate, as soon as duplicate credentials are received by the-Secre'tary-Trcasurcr.
ELECTION OF VICE-PRESIDENTS. *
Article Seven of the Constitution reads as follows:—
The Election of President and Secretary-Treasurer shall take place at the Annual Convention.
And the Secretary-Treasurer shall in issuing the call for tho annual conventions instruct all affiliated bodies to nominate one candidate for Vice-President for their respective districts, the candidate
for Vice-President receiving the endorsement of the majority of the affiliated bodies of said district,
shall be declared elected, for the ensuing year.     .'
Districts to be represented as follows:
Vancouver, 2 Vice-presidents. Victoria, 1 Vice-president.
District 18, U. M. W., 1 Vice-president. Vancouver Island, 1 Vice-president.
Nelson and Interior, 1 Vice-president. Prince Rupert, 1 Vice-president.
New, Westminster, 1 Vice-president.
All affiliated organizations arc therefore requested to send in the names of Nominees for the
office of Vice-President for their respective districts. Affiliated organizations in Vancouver will be
eligible to nominate two candidates, to cover the two Vice-presidencies. All nominations must be in
the hands of the Sec.-Treas. not later than the 17th of January, 1916.
Organizations affiliating prior to that date, will bo eligible to nominate candidates.
All nominees must be members of local organizations affiliated with the Federation.
CONCLUSION.
What may appear to be sacrifices, may have to be mado by local organizations to be represented
at this convention, but with conditions prevailing, that aro unparalled in the history of this, or any
othei; province in the Dominion, with the interests of the workers being daily jeopardised, it is essential that organized labor in the province should guard well their position.
If it is. necessary for the employing class to organize provincially and the governmont of domestic affairs ofdhe province to be a provincial matter, how much moro necessary is it for the workers
to organize provincially, when by the legislation passed in the provincial legislature, and the activities
oi' the employers' associations, the position of tho workers may at any time be threatened; true the
position of tho toilers is none of the best, true that we have little to lose, yet we have muoh to gain,
this can only be accomplished by interest in our own affairs, and the building up of our organizations,
it therefore becomes the duty of all -organizations affiliated with the Federation to be represented
at this Convention and for organizations not yet affiliated, to do so and aid the central expression of the
labor movement of the province.
Many matters of legislation will bo brought before the Convention, the outstanding feature of
which will be the Workmen's Compensation for industrial accidents and1 diseases, this is of vital importance, and if we arc not watchful, legislation along theso lines may be placed on the statute books, that
will not be in our interests. NOW is the time to place our views before the province, and not after
we find that the act is lacking in the essentials to provide for those who aro deprived of the means
of livlihood through industrial accidents and diseases.
Many other matters will be placed before the Convention that arc of vital importance, and you
are urged to make spcoial efforts to have your representative at this Convention, in order that you
can place YOUR, needs and requirements before tho workers of the province.
A. S. WELLS, Seoretary-Treasutcr,   P. O. Box, 1538, Victoria, B. C.
PEOPLE'S TOKUM   ,
LECTURE NEXT
SUNDAY AT 7:!
The platform at the People's
Forum in Labor Temple next
Sunday evening will be occupied
by Mr. S. P. Panton. The subject of his address will be "Monetary Conditions in Canada."
These meetings are attracting
more attention each week, a fact
which is indicated by the* increasing size of the audiences.
The general publie are cordially
invited, and no one need leave
without having any or all parts
of a speaker's address made
clear. Questions and discussion
are welcomed.
STREET RAILWAY
IN ROYAL
CITY MEET
Much Slackness in Some of
the Departments Is
Reported
The Men WiU Wear Monthly
Working Buttons in
Future
NEW WESTMINSTEB, Dee. 15.—
The regular meeting of Division 134,
Street Railwaymen 'a union, was held
last night in the Labor Temple, and in
point of numbers present and business
transacted, was the most successful
meeting held for some time. There was
one new member installed and three
withdrawn for service,in the army,
Business Agent's Beport.
Beport of the business agent showed
that everything was going fairly well,
except for the slackness of work in
some of the departments, which is
worse now than it has been for the last
six years.
Section 5 of the bylaws was amended
to make ten constitute a quorum.
Tho use of a monthly button was discussed at some length, and it was decided to order some and require all
members to wear them while on duty,
An illuminated roll of honor containing the names of all members who had
enlisted for active service up to date
was unveiled with appropriate remarks
bly the presiding officer.
The business agent was appointed to
represent the division on the committee
tnht is engaged in obtaining a six-day
week law for street railwaymen in the
province.
The question of tho operation of one-
man cars was discussed, and the division went on record as being opposed
to any such move, as it would be a direct violation of agreement with tho
company.
A proposal to dispense with the business agent did not receive much support, and the question was referred to
the executive committeo to make a report at the next meeting.
Election of Officers.
The annual election of officers resulted as follows:
President—G. H. Clapp.
Vice-president—W. J. Holme.
Secretary—A. P. Duncan.
Finnncial-Secret'ary-Treasurer — W.
Yates.
Conductor—P. Barnes.
Warden—B. P. Jamleson.
Sentinel—A. S. Passmore.
Correspondent—W. Yates.
Delegates to the Trades and Labor
council—W. Yates, Wm. Banks, O. H.
Clupp, A. S. Passmore, J. Bnrr, H.
Swan, L. Grimmer, G. Harris, W. Morris, J. Bond.
Visiting Committee—L. Grimmer, W.
Yates, B. P. Jamieson, H. Swan, F,
Thornton.
Executivo Committee—W. J. Ellison,
L. Grimmer, P. Barnes, B. P. Jamieson,
S. Hughes, I. Bates, A. Eowell, W. A.
Bowes, Geo. Bolton.
CHINESE AND JAPANESE
IN THE UNITED STATES
An interesting roport, which bears on
the Astatic question in the United
States, nppeured in The Mixer and Sor-
ver, the official journal of one of the
unions affiliated to tho American Federation of Labor.
According to this report, the Chinese
population of tho United Stntes hns,
during tho last thirty years, steadily
decreased, whilst n rather amazing increase is recorded in tho Jnpanoso population. Tho steady decronBO of Ctiineso
population in the United States is
Bbown as follows: In 1890, 107,488; in
lt,^, 80,863; in 1010, 71,531. The sendy
increase of Japanese population is
shown as follows: In 1800, 2030; in
1900, 24,320; in 1910, 71,157.
In 1010, thore wero among the Chinese population fourteen times ns many
males as femnlcs, whilst tho Japanese
population showed seven times as many
males ns females.
Tho roport explains tho unequal proportion of the sexes among the Chinese
born in tho United States (11,921 males
ngoinst 3014 femnles) by tho fnct thnt,
a considerable number of foreign born
Chinese have incorrectly reported thorn-
selves ns natives for tho purpose of obtaining the protection and privileges of
United Stntes citizenship.
Tho Japnneso population is distributed as follows: California, 41,350; Washington, 1229; Oregon, 3418; Colorado,
2300; Utah, 2110; Wyoming, 1500; Montana, 1585; Idnho, 1363; New York,
1247.
The distribution of Chinese by lending states is as follows: California, 30,-
248; Oregon, 7363; New York, 5206;
Washington, 2709; Massachusetts, 2582;
Illinois, 2103; Pennsylvania, 1784; Arizona, 135; Montana, 1285; Now Jersey,
1139.
Chinese operate 760 fnrmB in tho
United States and Japanose 2052.
mm TRADES
AND LABOR
L
Somo men think a luxurious stand of
whiskers adds to their dignity.
Candidates Are Endorsed
for Coming Municipal
Campaign
Public Defender for the Police Court Is to Be
Advocated
Vancouver Trades and Lnbor couneil
assembled in good numbers at last
night's meeting, when several new dele*
gates from various of the affiliated
unions were obligated and took their
Beats. Seattle brewery workers wrote
that the products of J. G. Fox and company were on the unfair list,
Mrs. G. D. Foster, daughter of the
late John Davidson, wrote thanking the
council for its expression of sympathy
at the death of her father. Premier
Bowser wrote saying that if the councU
would give particulars of cases in whieh
the methods of Magistrate South had
been objectionable, he would investigate the matter. This was referred to
Vice-president Pettipiece.
Workman's Compensation Aet
The council donated $50 'to the eost
of presenting the -views of organised labor in British Columbia before the government commission appointed to investigate this question. The commission is
holding sittings in Vancouver this week
end. Delegate McVety was elected to
represent the council on the committee
which has been empowered by the government to look after returned soldiers.
Public Defender Advised.
The executive board of the council
recommended that the city council appoint a lawyer to act in the city police
court aB a "public defender" to watch
tho interests of poor prisoners. Delegate Harrison raised an interesting
query. He pointed out that such an
official would be paid by the city. The
city treasury benefited by tbe fines imposed on such prisoners. For that reason he thought it quite possible that a
"public defender" might not flght for
the interests of poor prisoners as siren- ■
uously as he might do. It was mentioned that Los Angeles had tried the
"public defender" idea out, and had
found it successful. Finally the couneil
decided to advocate a similar course of
procedure for Vancouver.
Delegates Crawford, Welsh and MeVety were appointed as a committee to
appear at the city hall, to urge that
licem.es be not granted to moving picture operators unless they can pass the
examination which new applicants have
to pass today.
Endorses Election Candidates.
On the recommendation of the parliamentary committee, the council endorsed tho following as candidates in
the forthcoming municipal elections.
For South Vancouver, F. W. Welsh as
councillor. For school trustees, B. H.
Neelands and B. Rigby. For the city
of Vancouver, W. B. Trotter will be
supported in ward five, unless the council itself makes a nomination for that
ward. A similar course was adopted
with regard to the candidature of J. E.
Wilton in Point Grey. Delegate Trotter, as the council's representative on
the Social Service council, reported on
the work of that body. At the recent
election of officers, he had been selected
as second. vice-president of the Soeial
Service council for the ensuing year.
Dues to the amount of $10 to the council were ordered to be paid.
The Reports of Unlona.
The new union of milk wagon drivers
reported having made considerable progress during tho past few weeks. They
all wore buttons in making their rounds,
nnd they wished to ask all union men
to Bee that the man who delivered thoir
milk was wearing a union button.
Tho federal department of lnbor had
written to Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P.,
stating that delay in tbe payment' of
separation allowances to the dependents
of war munition workers in Britain wai
due to the fnct that the men themselves
had .not notified the British government.
that they wished tho allowance to be
made.
Delegate Sully moved that bis resolution of last mooting be raised from
the table. The motion was ruled out of
order. The council adjourned at 10
p.m.
Light on "Preparedness.'*
If the people of Europe repudiate
their war debts after tlio war, and
American capitalists have nn outstanding loan to the Allies which thoy are
anxious to collect, it can havo only one
result and that is war between America
and tho pooplo of Europe. Tbe capitalist governments of Europe will try to
quell their revolting subjects, and make
them submit to the gigantic burden;
tho peoplo of America will be called to
shoot down tho pooplo of Europe that a
group of capitalists may socuro their
unholy plunder. A war lonn would be
treason to tho peoplo of America.—Appeal to Reason.
Compensation Act Commission.
A. S. Wolls, Victoria, secretary-treasurer of the B. C. Federation of Labor,
nnd W. Yates, business agent of tho
Streetrailway Employees' union, Now
Westminster, nro in the city this week-
ond, attending tho sittings of the provincial government Workmon 's Compensation Act commission, and giving
evidence on behalf of trade unionists.
A Giant Confederation.
Tho Minors' Federation of Great Britain, tho National Union of Transport
Workers, and the National Union of
Railwaymen have ratified tho proposal
for the amalgamation of unions. This
creates an alliance of between 1,25,000
and 1,500,000 workers.
A gay and giddy Emperor assumes a
royal bun, and kicks his royal neigh-
bora' dog, and this is royal fun. The
royal neighbor calls to arms his royal
gronadiers, and starts a royal little war
that lasts for seven years. Tho royal
bankers buy tho bonds due forty years
from date, for everybody knows the
common herd will pay tho freight.
VI PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
, PBIDAY DECEMBEB 17, IMS
INOOBPOBATED 1885
TBI
Molsons
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CAPITAL and BB8EBVB
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A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit
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The Royal Bank
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INCORPORATED IM*
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Total Aaaata 180,000,000
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J. W. Wllfclmon.........,i.........„.......Editor
OlBot: Boom 817, Libor Temple.   Telephone Exchange
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Sobicription: 91.60 per yew; la Vanoouver City, $2;
to unions lubierihfnff lu *, body, $1.
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BBPBBSESTATIvir^^
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Affiliated with the Weitern Labor Premi Aiioclatlon
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Or TOOK TELEPHONE?
Why has th. telephone become so
Kpuler In .U countries I    Boc.au 11
rasmtU   th.   huni.n  quality  ol   th.
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Whan a porson U spesklng onr th.
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"Unity of Labor: th. Hop. of the World"
FBIDAT DECEMBER 17, 1915
HE NEVER
WILL
BE MIS8ED.
SIB KICHARD McBRIDB, Premier of
British Columbia, retired from offlce
last Wednesday, and will take the
place in London of Mr. J. H. Turner,
agent general for this province. In taking this step at this time,.
McBride has proved
himself true to himself
as a type. Ho was a politician^ first, last and always. He never had the
beginnings —not to mention the makings
—of a statesman in him. While the province ran riot in an orgy of speculation,
in the eyes of the unseeing he was a god.
When the bubble burst, and the crazy
house of make-believe collapsed about his
head, not all the seven seas or the five
continents sufficed to hide his feet of clay.
• .      •      •
He was a politician always. The most
sagacious thing he did in his whole career
was, when he recognized that fact last
Wednesday and, taking time by the forelock, quit with comparative comfort, to
save himself from the public ignominy of
being kicked out. From a worlting class
standpoint, his entire administration contains not a single creditable feature. He
was from beginning to end, the creature
of the financial brigands whose methods
have made British Columbia to stink in
the nostrils of all men who wOrk for some
measure of decency in the lives of those
whose labor is the  foundation of all
wealth.
t       a       •       t
As a sort of glorified drummer—for that
is all his new job really amounts to—he
comes nearer to his natural level than he
has.ever been to it since first he became
leader of the government. His eloquence
will be suitably occupied in extolling the
excellence of British Columbia vegetables
and lumber and fish. Respecting the latter commodity, he should excel, considering the numerous "fishy" propositions
in whioh he has figured during his term
of office.
• e       o       e
No one at heart will really regret his
leaving this province. Even his sometime
political associates will heave a sigh of
relief at getting rid of Buch a picturesque
incubus so cheaply. Mackenzie and Mann
et al., may fittingly say, "Well done thou
good and faithful servant, thou hast been
useful in many things, we will make thee
lord over a few." Labor has nothing to
thank him for. But it has much to remember him by. In the annals of British
Columbia, his administration will for all
time rank as tho darkest era in the working class history of western Canada.
STREET RAILWAYMEN of Vancouver have been, and are today, among
the best supporters of the B. C. Federationist.   Since its first issue they have
subscribed for it as a body, arid each week
it goes into every one of
copy the their hoDie8,   This iB an
street example all unions might
«4tT.wATMEW    C0Py with advantage to
BAttWAYMEH.    ^ themselves and thc
paper. Some of them do
so, and in most of them there is an appreciable number of regular readers subscribing as individuals. By contributing as
unions, money would be saved to members
beoause the rate comes cheaper. The street
railwaymen favor that method, and we
cannot be charged with lack of modesty if
we assume from their long, consistent support that they think it worth while. In
such a large organization there must be
very much diversity of view on questions
of working class importance, and we do
not for one moment presume that all we
have to say finds every member in accord
with us. That is not primarily what wo
seek. To make tho paper interesting is
our first consideration. We venture to
think the street railwaymen find it so and,
without trying to pass bouquets one way,
or pitch bricks another, we believe that a
paper which finds acceptance at the hands
of a large union like the Btreet railway-
men, would be no unprofitable investment
for smaller organizations.
tion at the request, or at least at the suggestion, .of the government, The whole incident bore all the earmarks of having
been carefully staged, for the benefit of
a listening worid screwed up to the highest pitch of interest, by the work of advance agents versed to the last degree in
the psychology of publicity. The performance was a farce with-*-appropriately
enough—Schiedemann as leading comedian.
•       e        •       • .
He could not have been speaking as millions of the class he waB supposed to be
representing must be thinking. His was
the voice of his master, speaking by permission and with the approval of a ruling
caste which, at bottom, has naught but
scorn and contempt for the class in general which elected him and—if thc truth
were known—has thc same sentiments regarding him in particular, for being such
a willing tool of their bidding. The man
who really should have asked the question is Leibknecht. But his name is now
anathema, both with the government and
with the majority of the elected representatives of thc social democratic party, to
some of whose former ideals he has apparently remained more faithful than most
of his colleagues. That he did not mako
the now famous "interpellation" is highly significant. Doubtless he was not
choson to do thc job because it was known
he would not do it in the way he would
have been told to do it. But he can afford
to bide his time. There is a day coming
in Germany when his fidelity to the real
interests of the proletariat of that country
will stand as a monument of credit to one
whose vision glimpsed the aftermath of
misery through the "mad fool fury."
PERTEOT
HARMONY
PREVAILED.
WITH THE WHOLE WORLD for
audience, the Gorman Reichstag
last week discussed the question
of peace terms. Dr. Scheidemann, one of
the more prominent of the social democratic members of thc
house, had officially asked that the govornment
should make a statement
of its attitude on thc
matter of peace terms.
Chancellor von Bcthmann Hollweg made
thc requested announcement and was followed by. Schiedemann, whose reported
speech read so much like Hollweg's, in
most of its essential features, that it is
difficult to detect any very marked divergence of views between them. That is
pretty much what all have come to expect
since the collapse of thc social democratic
illusion in Germany.
•       o       •       •  '
The debate was a perfect example of
machine politics. That it would be so,
was certain from thc moment it was first
announced that the government would accept a question bearing on terms of peace.
Moreover, it is thc most likely thing imaginable, that Sheidemann asked thc ques-
really worth while. The place which Nature intended should be inhabited by
their minds, is the lodging place of that
egregious type of venality which is known
as "commercial instinot." That would
not matter so much, were it not that they
as a type exercise thc dominant voice in
thc direction of human affairs. An age of
shop-keepers is satisfied, to place its destiny in the keeping of the grocer mind.
So what wonder that the cash register
should become the final arbiter of human
affairs? None, so far as we can see. But
it is daily becoming more apparent as a
sorry basis for the world to rely upon.
"Every man for himself and devil take
care of the hindmost" does not work out
to the common good. The sulphurous individual himself seems so busy elsewhere
that he cannot even find time to look after
his end of the bargain. Human kind will
cither have to bid farewell to laissez faire
and get down to the business of looking
after itself, or be prepared to slip back
into the "age of tooth and claw."
WOMEN
IN
INDUSTRY.
THE SIXTH
ANNUAL
CONVENTION.
THE CONVENTION CALL for the
sixth annual convention of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, is now issued
for the eonvention to meet in Labor Temple, Vancouver, Monday, January 17th
next. Those who assemble hereon that date,
will have to deal with
far more difficult conditions than have confronted some of the earlier gatherings of the Federation. The
gravity of the working class situation
throughout the province is a problem
which will tax the resourcefulness of the
delegates to the utmost limit.
• e       *       *
Unemployment has reduced thousands
of the workers to destitution and want,
and to the point where every cent in the
family purse must be looked upon as thc
last desperate margin between them and
actual starvation. All those who have
been in the labor movement any length of
time, know that suoh things have an adverse effect upon the membership both
numerically and financially. It may not
be over pleasant to have to swallow that
fact, but ignoring it will not avail anything. It means a reduction of power to
resist the economic iniquities which the
movement is attempting to abolish.
t 0 0 t
It has come at a particularly unfortunate time in British Columbia, for never
before was there more need of a big and
solidly organized labor movement, with
ample funds to push forward its propaganda. Right at this very moment, some
of the more important legislation which
the Federation has been striving for during the past four years, is in the balance.
Unless the working class are alive to the
position, that legislation may be pigeonholed indefinitely by politicians who know
no law but the necessity for votes.
• •      •      •
The debates of the convention will serve
to make that plain, arid to emphasize the
necessity of making serious effort to bring
the movement successfully through this
time of stress. The presence there of delegates from all parts of the province—even
though they may be a little reduced in
numbers compared to previous years—
will show that hard though times are, the
workers throughout the province are determined that, insofar as sacrifice and sincerity can avail, they are prepared to put
forth their utmost effort to continue the
work of thc movement.
TKE
MAW
OF MARS.
Wftft AT ONE TIME MAY have destroyed tho weak and left only
the strong to reproduce their
kind, but now, even physically, this is not
true. Instead of war as it is carried on today eliminating the unfit it Bccurcs their survival by keeping them out
of the conflict. The
strongest only arc
accepted for the fighting
line where they are slain in their thousands. This inevitably will leave the weakly and unfit in a far greater proportion to
propagate the race. It will take many
generations for thc countries at war to
overcome this destruction of the flower of
their physical manhood. The contention
that war makes for the survival of the
fittest is one of the poorest propositions
whioh ever tried to gain acceptance without having a leg to stand on.
QUITE A NUMBER of prominent
journals which, before the war,
ridiculed the feminist movement,
find it within thc scope of their capacity
now to speak differently. They refer in
congratulatory terms to
the surprising adaptability women have
shown in taking up
many kinds of work
which it was formerly
thought only mon could do. Their praise
is like that bestowed by the fox upon the
crow with the cheese in her mouth. These
eminent -writers are voicing the approval
of their employers at the discovery that
women can be got to do a man's work for
a lower wage than men. A writer in the
Australian Worker disposes thus of some
of the gush which has been written recently on this Bubject.  He says:
A. host of prominent English writers think they see "the beginning of
a welcome soeial and economic revolution brought about by the war."
The phenomenon, or what they regard as such, is "the wholesale introduction of women's labor into trades,
occupations and professions hitherto
exclusively staffed by men." Revolution? Rats! The thing is reversion
to primitive conditions. Among savages the burden of all hard labor bar
fighting falls almost wholly on the
weaker sex. Who ever saw the Australian black fellow, when on the
"walk about," humping the family
goods and chattels? Who ever saw
thc un-Europeanized Maori planting
or digging the communal spuds and
kumera? War is savagery, and one
of* its first effects is to throw woman
back into conditions from which civilization has always done its best to
lift her.
Too bad to disturb this dream about
woman's "industrial emancipation" in
this rude fashion.
It is a distinctly questionable privilege
at times to be human.
Work less, think more and live better.
Leisure does not mean laziness.
Get busy now, and elect your delegate
to the Federation convention next month.
It takes an unusually smart man to
speak seven languages, but it takes a
smarter one to remain silent in one.
"A living wage" usually amounts to a
sum of money sufficient to keep a workman from actually dying.
A financial journal publishes rules for
discovering counterfeit bank notes. What
the average man wants is a few simple
rules for discovering the genuine article.
When one says of this or that organization that it has been brought to such a
point of system and efficiency that "it
will run itself," look out for the downgrade.
Doctors are poor business men when
they are good doctors and poor doctors
when they are good business men. There
are doctors who are neither, but thoy arc
in politics.
Financing the war by loans to be repaid
many years hence, means that the present
generation is quite willing to extract the
price of it from the laboring bodies of
millions yet unborn.
THE
SOLID
PEOPLE.
TO LISTEN TO the average group of
business men discussing an economic issue is, for the thoughtful and
discerning person, a distinctly illuminating experience. In most cases, they are
specialized from their
youth up in the art of
making money by the intense application of all
their faculties to some
one particular way in
which that object can be achieved. They
have learned "to do one thing and do it
well." And so long as they stay in their
own bailiwick they are quite impressive—
to tho unsophisticated observer, who
knows no better than to accept them at
their own valuation. But when they come
to be examined, and tested out on broader
lines, they arc a miserable failure.
e e a a
They ustfally know nothingr-or at least
very   little—about   anything   which   is
For the first timo in their career, the
Illinois unions gathercd.in the State Federation of Labor will elect their officers by
referendum. Thc ballots have already
boon sent out by the seoretary-treasurer,
and will be gathered on Dec. 14.
Most likely Mr. J. H. Turner, the trade
representative of British Columbia in
London has been induced to make way
for McBride by the promise of a useful
sort of pension. Watch for this in the list
of government measures at the coming
session of the legislature.
A scientist has discovered the skeleton
of a horse in Dakota, He says thc fossil
is two million years old. According to
the bible the world is about six thousand
years old. The savant must be a little
weak in arithmetic.
Peculiar thing but, from the pictures we
see in the newspapers of ladies prominent
in thc women's suffrage cause in the United States, we cannot say they strike ustas
thoso of women who would be found
among the most ardent supporters of the
labor organizations which have endorsed
their efforts to secure votes for women.
Yuan Shih Kai may be shy in the middle, but at the end he is certainly not.
After being asked once, and having refused, at the seoond request, he "reluctantly" consents to become emperor of
China. This coy old mandarin, at 75, has
had a varied career. One time, during
the life of the departed dynasty, he was
"senior guardian of the heir apparent."
After that oame the revolution of 1911,
and the establishment of the Chinese republic. However, it U apparent that Yuan
Shih Kai still remained "senior guardian
of the heir apparent."
The Union Leader, the organ of the
Chicago street railwaymen, says: "No nobler or grander organization was ever instituted than the American Federation of
Labor." If that is true, such gush as that
is likely to help it the other way as quickly as anything we know. It is sycophancy
undiluted.
The war is making things come "pretty
soft" for many of the metal trade unions
in the United States. They are securing
increased wages and reduced hours wholesale without strikes. They will do well to
give some thought, while thoir hour is yet
with them, as to how they intend to go
about retaining these better conditions
when the war is over.
Here are a few names of shareholders
in the London Times: Baroness Eliza von
liotberg, Rheinweiler, Grand Duchy of
Baden, Germany; Baroness Catherine Hall
von Arnim, Carlsruhe, Grand Duchy of
Baden, Germany, and Agnes A. von Malt-
zahan, Paneslow, Demmin, Pomerania,
Germany. They are probably quite as inoffensive as some of the aliens whom the
federal government has put into internment camps, but their presence in such
company is, to say the least, interesting.
President Wilson in introducing his
"preparedness" programme in Congress
last week, was naively truthful when he
said:
I, for one, do not doubt the patriotic devotion either of our young men
or of those who give them employment—those for whose benefit and
protection they would in fact enlist.
It's all there in a nutshell.
The ultimate purpose of the labor union
is to combine in one organization all the
men employed, or capable of being employed, in a given industry, and to demand and secure for each and all of them
a definite standard of wages, hours and
conditions. It does not demand that all
shall be paid alike, but that'none shall
receive less than the standard set as a
Canada is likely to have a case similar
to that of Professor Scott Nearing, who
was dismissed by the governors of Penn
sylvania university for speaking too plainly about economics. Professor Laski,
speaking before the Canadian club at
Montreal recently, declared that Canadian
industries were run by an oligarchy of
capitalists and some millionarics, who but
for the grace of God and a pull at Ottawa
might still be laborers. Professor Laski
teaches at McGill university. Watch
what they do to him.
The Wall Street Journal has itemized
the obligations of the various nations and
finds that up to the present time debts in
exccsB of $25,000,000,000 have been piled
upon the backs of the producers. Another
year, the same authority estimates, an additional $33,000,000,000 will be piled upon
this already crushing load. Twelve
months more of war would give a debt
reaching the inconceivable sum of $5,000,-
000,000. This will be repaid by surplus
values created by the labor of this and
future generations—perhaps.
Public ownership is no panacea for all
the economic ills of the body social. But
we notice one little trick of its capitalist
critics. Money invested by a municipality
in say an electrio light plant, they call
that "municipal debt." Money invested
by capitalists in a public utility enterprise
they call "capital investment." They
consider one a capital investment and the
other a burden on the community. Thc
distinction is made for the benefit of thc
ratepayer, who has no time left after
grumbling about bis taxes to try and
think thc thing out for himself.
TOYLAND
home of
SANTA CLAUS
The finest display of up-to-the-minute
toys in Vancouver.
All Wood Dolls, thc great invention of
the age, artistic and indestructible.
American Model Builder for boys, $2.00
set makes 173 models.
Miller & Coe, Ltd.
776 Granville Street 120 Hutlngi Street
Westminster
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
J. 3. JONES,      J. A. BENNE3,
Man. Director Sec-Treat,
ACTS AS ASSIGNEES,
LIQUIDATORS AND
BECEIVEBS
INSURANCE IN ALL
ITS BBANOHES
Houses, Bungalows, Storei
ud modern suites for rent
at a big reduction.
Safety Deposit Bozos for rent at
♦2.50 up.  Wills drawn up free of
charge.
Depoalti accepted and Interest at
Four per cent, allowed on dally
balances.
VANCOUVER UNIONS |
TBADES AND LABOB OOUNOIL—MEETS
first snd -third Thursdays. Siccative
hoard: James H. MeVety, pmldent; H. t.
Peltiploee, vice-president; Qeorge Bartley.
general secretary, 310 Lsbor Temple: Hiss
»• gutteridge, treasurer; Fred. A. Homer,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Sully; A
3. Crawford, Fred. Knowles, P. W. Welsh,
trustees.
ALLIED  PRINTING   TRADES    COUNCIL.— Meets  second  Monday  In  the
month.    President. H. J. Bothel; secretary.
B. H. Neelands, P. 0. Bos 08.
'BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. I76.-OI*.
<wnSe- ?«"**>•» IJ>l»r Temple. Meets
flrst Sunday of each month. President.
James Campbell; flnenelnl seeretsry. —
Paris, Boi 421 phone Soy. 4751; recording
secretary, Wm. Mottiehew, Globe Hotel, Hal!
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
„ —MeeU every 1st and Srd Tuesday.
8 p.m„ Room 307. President, James
Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. S.
Dagnall   Box 63: flnanclal secretary. F
SdifSSK m!™' —* w* a **
THE SUN
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bright—a newspaper you oan trust. THE
SUN upholds the principle of government
by the people.
KEEP IN TOUCH with the news of the
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COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES
Union—Meets flrat Friday In eaeh
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ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. SM
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Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W. MoDougsil,
1102 Powell stroot; recording eecretary,
B. N. Elgar, Labor Temple: flnanolal secretary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Templo.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE or
, NORTH AMBRICA.-Vancouver and
vicinity. Branch meets 1st and Srd Fridays at Labor Temple, room 805, H. Night-
assise, president, 278 Flftyslith avenuo
east; Jos. 0. Lyon, Inanelal secretary, 1711
Grant' street; J, Campbell, recording see*
rotary, 4869 Argyle Btreet.
STBEET AND ELEOTRIO RAILWAY IK-
PLOYEE8, Pioneer Division, Ho. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wedneadaya al 9:80 and 8 p. m. President, Jos.
Hubble; reeordlng seeretsry, Jaa. B. Griflnl
168, Twenty-flfth avenue esst; flnanolal aeeretary snd buslnese agent, Fred. A. Hoover,
2408 Clark Drive.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION Of
AMERICA. Local Ne. 178—Heeltap
hell flrst Tuesday la eaeh month, t p. ss.
Preaident, Prancls Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Gntterldge; reeordlng see, 0. Ue-
Donald, Bos 808; flauelal sscretary, K.
Paterson, P. 0. Boa 508,
TYPOGRAPHICAL    UNION,.   NO.     226—
Meets laat Sundsy of eaeh month at 0
p.m.   President, B. Perm. Pettlplece; vice-
irealdent, W. 8. Metsger: secretary-treaaurer
t. H. Neelands. P. 0. Boi 86.
PBOVINOIAL UNIONS
B. C. PEDERATION OP LABOR—MeeU
in annual convention In January. Exec*
utive officers, 1915.16: President, A. Watchman; vlce*presldenta—Vancouver, W. P.
Dunn, J. H. MoVety; Victoria, B. Simmons;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Bupert,
W. E. Denning; Bevelstoke, J. Lyon; Die-
trict 28, U. M. W. of A. (vsncouver Island),
8. Guthrie; District 18, C. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Nest Valley). A. J. Carter; secretary-treasurer, A. 8. Wella, P. 0. hoi 1688,
Viotoria, B. 0.
VICTORIA, a. c.
VIOTOBIA TRADEB AND LABOB OOUNOIL—MeeU flrst sad third Wednesday,
Labor ball, 1424 Government street, at 6
> m. Prealdenl, A. 8. Wells; aeeretary, P.
Holdrldgo, Boi 809, Victoria, B. C.
NEW WBSTMINSTEB
BARTENDERS' INTERNATIONAL LEAGUS
of America, local 784, New Westminster,
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, P. w. Jameson. Boi 496.
OBOANIZBD LABOB COMPANIES.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LIMITED—
Directors: Jas. Brown, preeldent; R. P.
Pettlplece, vice-president; Edward Lothian.
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. WU-
bv, W. J. Nagle, P. Blumberg, H. H. Pres.
Managing dlreotor and aeeretary.tressurer, J.
H. MeVety, room 911, Lahor Temple. •
B. 0. FEDERATIONIST, LIMITED—MeeU
st call of president, Labor Temple, Van-
eouver, B. 0. Directors: James OampbelL
preaident: J. H. MoVety, eeeretary-treasureri
A. Watchman, A. 8. Wells. B. Farm. Petti'
piece, manager, 217 Labor Temple. Telephone:   Seymour 7491.    .
T. B. CUTHBERTSON a, Oo.
Men's Hatters' and Outfitters
Three Stores
Union ^*   "•-
MADE
Deer
*&> OF AMERICA	
oomHor ___ __________ ___\
Vols against prohibition I
soul liborty la choosing what yoa wUl drink.
Ask for this Ubel when purchasing Bev,
Ala or Porter, ss a funnies that It Is W
loa Mads. This Is Oar Label ft
•FBIDAY. DECEMBEB 17, 1MB
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Shoes
Ma.de h?
British Coltm»bia
Built for
& Comfort
QUALITY Is ths prlnolple upon
which LBCKIE Boots end Shooa
are hout. Every essential to pre-
eerve that prlnolple la maintained
In the big LECKIE Institution.
•"Made-ln-Brttleh Columbia" la
only ONE REASON why you
ahould demand LECKIE shoes—
mull find every other reason
built ln the shoe itself.
Dealers who expect to make you
a permanent customer will ehow
you LECKIE shoes.   They'll tsU
Su that there Is no better shoe on
e market—«nd there Isn't.
\W0RKERS UNION/
Named Shoes sre frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what lta name, unless lt bean >
plain ud readable Impression or tbls stamp.
AU ahoea without the Union Stamp are
alwaya Non-Union.
BOOT A SHOE WORKERS' UNION
243 Bummer Btreet, Boston, Mus.
J. F. Tobln, Pros.    0. L. Blaine, Seo.-Treaa.
Telephone 885
E. G. McBRIDE
Wholesale, retell ud  family  tride
WINES AND SPIEITS
0«n« Biftto ud Trout Street!
NEW WESTMINSTER. B. 0.
ASK FOR
B. C. Special
RYE
Whisky
Nine Years in Wood
UNSURPASSED
IN QUALITY
AND FLAVOR
Established 1903
An Interval of
Keen Enjoyment
Is that when you oan put aside
your work for a time, forget
that there even is suoh a thing
and sip the goodness from a
glass filled with sparkling
PREMIER BEER
Ecally we believe therein no other beverage that you can partake of with
so great a relish.
PREMIER BEER
is a boon to the man who works.  The human body, being simply a machine, must be kept in good repair for best results.
PREMIER BEES
nourishes, tones and strengthens, becauae of the barley malt and hops it
eontains.
Westminster Brewery
A. E. SUCKLING & CO.
VANCOUVER DISTB3CBUT0BB
Your Xmas Beer j^
PURITY QUALITY FLAVOR
That'a where
la pre-eminent
It eant be otherwise.  Made carefully by
Canadian Union Workmen
From the choicest materials, in the most modern and up-to-date plant on
the Paelfle Ooaat. Ita sales exceed by thousands of bottles the sale of
any other brand in the province of Britlah Columbia. Do yon kuofw
WHYt  Just try lt.   Speaks for Itself.   At all dealers.
Six pints for 50c      Three quarts for 50c
Vancouver Breweries Limited
IS
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
Trades and Labor Connell.
December 19, 1890.
Thonsands Are Subservient
to Its Most Baneful
Influences
Millions Pay Tribute of Labor to the Moloch of
Industry
Ina recent number of the Independent magazine, Frank P. Walsh, chairman of the federal commission on Industrial Eolations, thoroughly dissects
the Bockefeller foundation. He points
out the potential danger of such institutions to democracy in America, and
declares that Mr. Rockefeller is taking
money obtained from the toil of thousands of poorly nourished, socially submerged men, women and children, and
spending these sums, through a board of
personal employees, in such fashion that
his estate is in a fair way not only to
exercise a dominating influence in industry, but, before many years, to exact
a tribute of loyalty and subserviency to
him and his interests from the whole
profession of scientists, social workers
and economists.
Breeding Prostitutes.
There are literally thousands of men
in theBe professions, receiving subsidies,
either directly or indirectly, from the
Rockefeller estate, who can not take
any step toward effective economic, social and industrial reform without running directly counter to the interests of
their benefactor. No sensible man ean
believe for a moment that research
workers, publicists and teachers can be
subsidized with money obtained from
the exploitation of the workera, without
being profoundly influenced in their
points of view and in the energy and enthusiasm with whieh they might otherwise attack economic abuses. And there
can be no question that the income of
the Rockefeller Foundation comes, in
large part, "from the exploitation of
wage earners.
Rockefeller's Insurance.
It should be remembered, says Mr.
Walsh, thnt the Rockefeller Foundation,
in protecting its own hundred millions
of securities, will give similar protection to tho vnBtly greater fortune still
held by the family in purely private
ownership. The list of tho securities
held by tho foundation contains the
names of most of tho corporations in
which the family fortune is invested.
In a day when society sees it as a burning wrong that one man can levy tribute on the right of millions of other
men to live and-:to work, Mr. Rockefeller could lind no better insurance .for
his hundreds of millions thnn to invest
one of them in subsidizing all the agencies that make for sooial change and
progress.
Tribute of Millions.
Tlie wealth of the great foundations
is wealth created by the many. Even
woro those directly concerned in its
making accorded a decent wage and a
voice in determining their conditions of
employment, the surplus should still be
available for the work of scientists and
scholars, in such form that these devoted men could pursue their studies for
the benefit of mankind without wearing the uniform of Rockefeller and the
others. Already there are thousands of
eager young scholars and scientists
who know that Borne day, for the sake
of their work, they may be drawn into
the retinue of the foundations. It will
becomo increasingly bad form for
man engaged in social betterment to
sneak ill of Mr. Rockefeller,. Mr. Carnegie and the other men who have amassed fortunes in industry, and the universal instinct of self-justification will
inevitably lead them to seek excuses
and justifications when the cry of exploitation or tainted money is raised.
Support the Labor Press,
Ono of the best tests of loyalty of a
union mnn to the cause of the workers
is his attitude toward the labor press,
When you hear a union member
knocking the labor paper, just keep
your eye open and you are apt' to find
that he is not doing it for the good of
organized labor.
The labor [taper is just ns vital a part
of the labor movement as a labor council or a labor temple.
It may make mistakes and it may
not suit every member of the organization it represents. But what institution
of labor is without mistakes and jilst
what every membor of labor would havo
it bet—Trade Unionist.
The raffle committee's report showed
that the sum realized for the Wellington miners was $75.25, added to which
is $4, contributed by one br two printers, making a t,otal of $19.25.
Mr. Wilson was appointed a committee of one to interview A. S. G.
ixamersley re rejecting lumber left at
Brockton Point on Labor Day.
Mr. Woodley stated that a contractor
wanted to know what action the council
would take in the event of separate ten
ders being wanted for any job, and the
following notice to architects and eon-
tractors was! then passed and ordered to
be inserted in the newspapers: "Union
men refuse to work on any building for
which the contract has been let, and on
which non-union men are or have been
employed after the 1st of January,
1891."
PAGE THREE
L
The Printers Support Home.
With the ushering in of a new year
every union printer in Canada and the
United States will contribute 6c a
month more to the Union Printers*
Home at Colorado Springs. The per
capita tax henceforth will be 50c instead of 45c.
UNITED STATES WOMEN'S VOTES
Eastern
Trade   Union   Journal   Says
States WiU Change,
Although woman suffrage was defeated in New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and New Jersey in the recent
elections, there is every reason to believe that the cause will eventuality
triumph, and that, too, in the very near
future. Out of about 2,000,000 votes
cast in New York, Pennsylvania and
Massachusetts, woman suffrage amendments received approximately 1,000,000
votes as against 1,500,000,
These figures show the wonderful
progress that haB been made during the
past few years. When it is taken into
consideration that less than 300,000
votes for woman suffrage would have resulted in victory, there is, indeed, reason for encouragement, and the elections of last month demonstrate that
women will get the ballot.—Machinists'
Journal.
Some Circulation But	
A country odi'tor wrote to a catalogue
house for some advertising. They replied that thoy would be glad to uso his
spaco but would liko to know whnt territory his paper covered, whereupon ho
told thom: "This paper goes from Now
York to San Francisco, from Canada to
the Un If, and it keeps me working until
2 o 'clock in the morning to keep it from
going to hell."
Spokane Labor Gets Legacy.
Mrs. May Arkwright Hutton, who in
her lifetime was over a loyal and stond-
fust supporter of the labor movement,
has bequeathed the sum of $5000 to the
building of a labor temple in Spokane,
according to her will, which waB filed
for probate laat weok.
Of 517,591 union metal workera in
Germany, 228,594 have enlisted.
PANTAGES
Unequalled Vsudsvllls   Mesns
PANTAOBS  VAUDEVILLE
THRU •HOW* DAILY
J.4J, IM, ».1S    Season's   Prices:
Mstlase, 1Bo.| Evenings, ttt.. Mo.
AROSE!
ocoot
Night Schools.
Public night schools have been in existence, in thia city for the past'seven
years. This term started off with 2200
pupils at the different schools throughout the city. There are 75 classes and
48 tenchers. The classes are held at the
King Edward high school, Britannia
high school, Central school and rooma in
the school board building.
As long as a young mnn can't tell
the color of a girl's eyes he is safe.
Our Manufacturing Patriots
Make the Nation Pay
Through Nose
Labor Cost on Munitions for
the War Is the* Very
Least Charge
TRAD!  UNION   DIRECTORY
Allied Printing Tradei Council—B. H. Nee-
lands, Box 60,
Barben—S. H. Grant, 1301 7th Arena* W.
Bartondera—H. Davit, Box 43*.
UlackBmtths—Malcolm Porter, View Bill
P. 0.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenne cast.
Boilermakers—A. Fraaer, 11(1 How* St.
Brewery Worker*—Chu. Q. Austin, 782 7th
Ave. Bait.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Council—F. L. Baratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Clgarmaken—W. H. McQueen, care Kurt*
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooka, Walten, Waitreseea—Andy Graham,
Room 304, Labor Temple.
Electrical Worken (outside)—-. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical Worken (Inside)—F. L, Estinghausen, Room 207.
Enginoen—E. Prendergast, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Harry* Columbia
Hotel.
Garment Worken—Mn. Jardlne, Labor Temple.
Halibut Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley,
487 Gore avenue.
Honeshoen—Labor Temple,
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, District     68.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple,
Locomotive Flrotnen and Engineers—O. Howard, Port Coquitlam.
Local Englneen—L. T. Rolloway, 1167 Har-
wood.    Tel. Bey. 1848R.
Longshoremen—J. G Kelly, 10 Powell Street
Machinists—J. H. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Temple.
Milk Driven—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
- avenue weat.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805, Labor
Temple.
Molden—
Moving Picture Operaton—L. E. Goodman,
Labor Temple.
Palnten—Geo, Weston, Room 808, Labor
Temple.
Plumbers — Room 208%, Labor Temple.
Fbone Seymour 8611.   -
Prenstnon—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plant-Tors—John James Cornish, 1809 Eleventh avenue Eut.
Pattern Maken—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
Streot.
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, care Co-
'    ibf	
—A.   E.   MeCorvllle,   Box
-A. Robb,   420   Nelson
lumbia Hotel,
Railroad   Trainmen-
248.
Railway Carmen-
Btfaat.
Seamen's Union—W. 8. Burnt, P. O. Box
1365.
Structural Iron Worken—Room 908, Labor
Tomple.
Stonecutters—James   Raybnrn.   P.   O.   Box
1365.
Sheet Motal Worken—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Pender street east.
Streot Railway Employees—James E. Griffin,
166 Twenty-fifth avenue east,
storeotypera—W. Bayley, care Province,
Olty.
TeWraph-sra—W. B. Peppin, Box 4S2.
Trades and Labor Council—Geo. Bartley,
Room 210 Labor Temple.
Tvpnuraphicnl—H.  Neelnnds. Box 68,
Tflllort—C. McDonald, Box B03.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Goo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayen   and   Helpen—A. Jamleson,   840
Twenty-third avenue east.
SYNOPSIS OF OOAL MINING REGULATIONS.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Torlrtory, the Northwest Territories anil
in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twonty-ono
yoan at an annual rental of 81 an acre. Mot
moro than 2,560 aeres will be leased to one
applicant.
Applications for lease must be mado bv tho
applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
nf the district In v.-hieh the rlghta applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdividing of
unctions, and In nnsurveyed territory the
tract applied for lhall bo staked by the applicant hlmielf.
Eaeh application muat be accompanied by
_ fee of 85, which will be refunded tf the
rights applied for are noi available but not
otherwise. A royalty ahall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five centa per ton.
Tbe penon operating tbe mint lhall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for tho full quantity of menhantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated,
sueh returna should be famished st least once
a year.
The lease will Inelado the eoal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available aurfaee rltcl-itu
may be considered necessary for tha working
of the mine at the rato or f 10 an aere.
For full Information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department nr
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
„. .       W- H. CORY.
Deputy Mlnliter of tho Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thin ad-
vertliement will not bt paid for—80690
Dealing with the matter of profits
mads by Canadian manufacturers of
war munitions, the Ottawa Citizen says:
It would be a revelation to the citizens of this c-ountry, to. learn how little
of the actual price paid had gone to labor. One group of privileged interests,
the Steel and .Radiation company of
Toronto, has admitted a profit of $200,-
000 on a $380,000 order for 18-pounder
shells, and told of having repeated itl
The patriots said it' would cost $380,000
to machine 100,000 British shells, and
then boasted that it had cost them only
$180,000,, Thus Britain had to pay
$3.80 for machining each 18-pounder
shell, although it cost the company, including all charges, only $1.80 to do it.
While Britain had to pay $3.80 for machining the 18-pounder shell, nnd the
privileged interests boosted that it cost
them only $1.80, even the $1.80 does
not' tell tho Canadian people what the
actual sum is for cost of labor.
Dividing Up.
Possibly on certain 18-pounder shell
machining orders not' more than 60
cents would go to labor. On a basis of
national service it could be done for
less than 60 cents. - An analysis of the
cost and the price of machining the 18-
pounder shell, where $3.80 had been
charged, would possibly show something
less than 60 cents to labor, $1.20 to
capital, and the remainder to profiteering. For machining tho flrst 100,000
shells, it- would mean only $60,000 to
labor, $120,000 to capitul and an additional $200,000 to privileged profiteering. The repeat order would mean less
than ever to labor, and- a fatter haul
from the British treasury to a few of
Canada's pillars of society,
.    WITH MICHEL MINERS
Many Men from Vancouver Island Now
Going to the Camp.
MICHEL, B. C, Dec. 11.—A number
of the boys here nre taking an enforced
holiday for a week, owing to a cave-in
in the return airway of old No. 3 mine.
Another bunch has been laid off for a
few days because a few pounds too
much rock got into their cars. Our
Cumberland brothers still keep coming,
thanks to the government, and somo of
them keep going, as they have not
found things bere as good as they were
led to believe, namely, that wages were
from $4 to $7 per day, with a minimum
guarantee clause of $3.30. But the pit-
boss has to bo satisfied first of all that
a man has done a "fair" day's work,
and many of us know what kind of a
day's work it takes to satisfy some pit-
bosses.
The $3.30 minimum in reality only
reaches $3. Union men would do well
to communicate with our local secretnry
before coming here. They would then
learn that already we have too many
men here for the number of jobs available. In fact many of our old-timers
ore being forced to seek work elso-
where, while others would be bettor off
if they were fired "straigtaway, and thus
end the expectancy and suspense.
There is plenty of room at tho top.
But thore is more company at the bottom.
BUSINKM AGENT   DIRECTORY
Ask  for Labor Templt   'Phont  _
Soymonr  .7480   (unliia   otbtnrtw  stated).
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Room 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Workera (outside)—B. H. Morrison, Room 207.
Engineers (steam)—Room 218; E. Prendergaat.
Halibut Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenue. Offlce phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1844L.
Longshoremen's Association—G. J. Kelly; 10
Powell Street; phone Boy. 6359.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805.
Sailors—W, S. Burns, 218 Hastings street
west.     Soy.  8708.
Stroot Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
cor. Main and Union. Phono Exchange
Seymour BOOO.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands, Room 206.
HOLLY AND
POTTED PLANTS
FOR CHRISTMAS
Whnt moro wolcome at this season
than n box of berried holly or a growing fluworlng |>lantt Theso make gifts
vnliii-il at far above what thoy cost—
far mnn. welcome than anything at
four times tho price.
ENGLISH HOLLT
Well berried holly tii fancy boxes exactly    suitable    for    Christmas    gift.
Ready   for inniling  or  shipping,   per
box     60c
POTTED PLANTS
Beautiful UegoninB, Cyclamens, Ferns,
?nlnifl, etc., growing and blossoming.
Guaranteed sturdy and woll-grown up,
from   60c
—RITCHIE'S--
840 ORANVILLE STBEET
Just Above BobHon
SET. 2105
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Ofllce and Chanel,
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3480.
North Vancouver — Ofllce and
Chapel, 122-Slxth St. Weat, Phone
134.
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Semite
104) OEOROIA STRICT
One  Blook west of Court  House.
Uae of Modem Chapel and
Funeral Farlora free to all
Patrona
Telephone Seymour SOB .
OAVIO SPENCER, LTD.
I
OAVIO SPENCCR, LTB.
.'Stanfield's Underwear
For Men
This underwear ia the beat value we know today of whieh we ean
give our customers a complete selection. Our English lines have ao far
failed to put in an appearanee, and we do not expect they will owing to
the war. So there is every reason why a man should turn to Staaleld's
and be well satisfied with it
FOB fLSS A OABMENT—Medium weight, unshrinkable wool underwear
in fine elastic rib finish.
COMBINATIONS are available in all three weight* »t twice the price of
single garments. *
Two heavier weights in the same finish at 1140 and »1.7J per garment
Please note that these are prices of a year ago.
Men's Pyjamss, II a Mt
This is the garment nine buyers
out of ten want. A suit that hss
every useful attribute—a nit
tha^ '• well and roomily made of
good quality, soft finished, striped
Best Workshlrt Value at 11.00
The makers tell us it is value
for $1.25 in all other stores where
sold. We believe'this to be true,
for there are few stores that can
or care to sell at the fine margins
that Spencer's do. Made of heavy
twill, tough, almost untearable,
In plain khaki and black with pin
stripe. Large, roomy fitting. All
sizes to 17%.
quvu ijubui./, w« iiiiisucu, einpea
flannelette. For $1.00 this gaff
ment offers remarkable value. All
David Spencer Limited
OAVIO SPENCER, LTO.
DAVID SPENCER, LTO.
Furniture—
mest send stock ta West.
laey (eras   aad  deem
LOTUS
Now under the management of IV. V. MOBAN
Room with detsebed bath sl.00 ner dar id
Boom with private bsth S1.50 Jer d»J n|>
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Our electric motor bus meets sll boats and trains free
LOTUS GRILL—Open Continuously
FBOM 1 a.m. to MIDNIGHT
Music from 0.30 to 8.80 and 10 to midnight
Phone Seymoar 8880
3New Electric Auto Bus Meets all Beits and Tnlns Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Most
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ;  100 with Private Batha
EUBOPEAN PLAN, $1.00 per Day np.
BAsnnoa stbbbt—>
Woodward's Dept. Stares (Dies
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner.
Spencer's Pspt Store (Cashier's
offlee, Information Boresn aad Ei*
ehinse Desks), near Rlebirds.
Wood's Pharmacy—Seymour Street
eorner.
Oamptell's Paarmcy — Oranvlllt
Street eorner.
Owl Drugstore—Mlln Street eorner.
Harrison's Drag Store—Near Carrel! strset
Browne   A    Beaten,     Dmggltts,
Feeder atreet. corner.
law's   Pratelne — Harrla stnet
OOBDOVA L	
Owl   Dngstore — Abbott stnet
earner
POWBLL STEM!—
Owl    Dngston — Danlsvr Stnet
eorner.
DEXMAK STBBBT—
(English Bo)
Totnace Dngston —
Deris stnet
OHAKVOLB STBBBT—
Hudson's Bar Oe. All dspartiaoala
Oeergli street eorner.
Gordon DrndaU's (Motion   (heater) near Doismnlr.
Owl Dragsters — Diasmalr street.
Harrison's   Dngston —   Hobsoa
street comer.
Bnwas a Beaton. droggUu, Deris
street corner.
Pill Boi Dngston — Selaoa stnet
eorner
lew's Dngston — Deris   street
comer
Harrlion'i     Dngston — Feeder
strset eorner.     -
MTBVIBW—
Hirrtna'i   Dngston — Onarllla
•treet  and   Sennit  .......
MOUNT PIXASAHT—
law's Dngston — User Broedwar
OEABDVIBW—
OsmpteU's Dngston — Broadwer
and Commerelll Drln.
STANLBT PARK—
Mitchell's OenfeaWssusy     Oeorgls
itnot —
B.C. ELECTRIC
Carrall and Hastings Sta.
1138 Granville St
Near Davie
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
Jtl \J 1 L_ JL> New — Modern — Fireproof
COR. ABBOTT AND  PENDER STS
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
COB. DtTNSMUIB tnd EIOHABDB STREETS
FREE!  FREE!  FREE!
All the wrappers of BOYAL OBOWN SOAP and BOTAL OBOWN PBO-
DUOTS exchanged for beautiful-presents
SEE OUR CHRISTMAS DISPLAY
Call whether you have coupons or not.
Special offers for'Christmas and the New Tear, contained in our new
Premium Bulletin just issuod. Write for catalogue of premiums and
special offers.
Fancy teapots, Nippon hand-paintod china waro, cut glaaa, 100 styles
and shapes of aluminum utensils, ladies' hand bags, music rolls, purses
etc., and nn elegant display of beautiful dolls, toys, games, etc., etc.     '
You can save monoy by saving your coupons off Boyal Crown Soap,
Boyal Crown Washing Powder, Boyal Crown Naptha, Boyal Crown
Cleanser, Boyal Crown Lye.
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.(
You Can Save Money
BY USING
Tango Street Car Tickets
8T25Cents
THIS IS HOW IT WOBK8 OUT
32 Bides at 32 Bides on Tour Saving On
A 5 Cent Tare Tango Tickets $1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c
Tango^Tickets Are Now On Sale
They sre sold by conductors on tbe cars, st the B.O, Electric Salesrooms,
Oarrall and Hsstings streets snd 1138 Uranvlllo street; tbe Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Oarrall streets sod south end of
Oranvllle street bridge; Depotmaster's Offlce st Main snd Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Car Barn, Main street snd Thirteenth avenue, and st the
places ef buslneas of ths following firms throughout ths dty:
/ PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT DECEMBEB 17, 1915
Time is Flying
Do your Xmas
Shopping Now
—We've immense stocks to choose from—and our
low prices cannot be matched anywhere. Gifts
purchased here carry with them a guarantee of service and satisfaction.
A WORD TO THE WISE
Shop in the morning before everybody thinks of it.
^TSh^Bucisons Bay (Tompany. Ml
l_ ,   _J ittaaatmma  \tta     wmsf i wmiw? itsoss wwwswmm \ J*y -
Granville and Georgia Streets
Custom-made^ Clothes
to Special Order
$ 18    ' ^ *'u't or an overcoat
Suits and    w'" be sPec'aUy made to
Overcoats    measure in four days at
the shops—with express
delivery here.
9300 patterns to choose
from, in Worsteds, Serges,
Cheviots, Tweeds—of
British importation.
<I The Special Order department of Semi-ready
Tailoring is conducted
with precision and
promptness—the same
full measure of satisfaction as in an original
Semi-ready Suit. The
price is plain on every
sample—the exact value'
of the wool is in* the
cloth.
Four-Day    1 Suits to measure—$18, $21, $23, $25 and
Delivery     up. Overcoats of ascending value from $lfr
THOMAS & McBAIN
666 GRANVILLE STREET
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
High-class and painless dentistry st very moderate prices, which anyone csn afford—
' Gold Crowns, 22k **•■»
Oold Brldgework, per tooth ..K00
Perfect Pitting Plates, each 18.00
Porcelain fillings, eseh $1.00
Amalgam fillings, each. Sl.00
Teeth extracted free of pain.
i All work guaranteed for TEN TEABS.
EXAMINATIONS AND ESTIMATES GIVEN FBEE
Offlee open, every evening from 7 to 8 p.m.
Dr. BRETT ANDERSON
FLATTERY GALORE
BUT NO VOTES
Phone Seymour I
Offlce: 101 Bank of Ottawa BnUdlng
II Qooil for one year's subscription to Tlie B.
II . A *— v •» «-t s*. a «•% *■«. i-H C. FederatloniBt, will be mailed to any ad*
fllfl-^TTK I A Rn> ore,, ln Csnsd. for 110. (Good anywhere
II IV fcj \J J-». V/iTH\L/vJ ou„id, „f Tmeouver oltjr.) Order ten toll  day.   Remit when sold.
The
Home Guard
■•■-
Ogilvie's
means ^ '  "
Econonw
■■t***^1^*
Platitudes  of  Patronizing
Politicians Are Bared
to Public
Worth of Women Extolled
But the Franchise Is
Still Denied
THE AUSTRALIAN PARKER WILLIAMS
AT PEOPLE'S -
IS BETTER
Recruiting:   Is   Causing   a
Shortage of Men in
Industries
Conditions in General Show
a Decidedly Marked
Improvement
[By Helena Gutteridge]
With the neur approach of the legislature of British Columbia arises the
question, what about votes for women?
Surely the time is ripe for the admiration expressed by tongue and ven,
on platform and in tho press, for wo-
mon's work, to take the practical
forni of women's enfranchisement,
Same Old Guff.
Women are being told that to press
for votes for women at tho present time
would be seljish and unpatriotic, but
women also realize that while the memory of individual man may be long, the
memory of man collectively is exceedingly short, and they muBt therefore
keep the Hug flying and demand recognition for their work, when the work is
-considered so very valuable.
Mow is tho time to remember the legend of the devil sick, and the devil
well.
The Eeal Reason.
Signs are.not wanting, that in spite
of tne praise given to women for taking up work that' was considered Ht and
proper for men only, there is an increased tendency, especially in the males of
the ruling class to exploit women, in
fact the usefulness of women from tho
male point of view,, is the dominant
note just now.
It seems as though man is inherently
incapable of looking upon woman as a
human being with desires, aspirations
and understanding much like their own,
and who are seeking equality, not
special consideration on the one hand
becauso they are women, or exploitation
and all the drudgery of the world's
work, just when it suits the male kind.
The Platform Person Prorates.
Two meetings wero reported recently
on one page of an old eountry paper,
showing how eager men are to exploit
woman. One speaker, an eminent educational authority, said: "We need the
help oi* the women in solving the international problem which lies before us
at the close of tho war. Women suffer
most from the war, therefore, it is up to
the women after this to make war for
ever impossible."
"We need" the help of the women
to make war for ever impossible. Here
wo have the saviour of the race attitude. Woman, who for years has been
told that the woman's place is the
home, and war does not concern her because she is a woman and could not possibly understand international politics,
is now to make war for ever impossible.
Women, who for asking for tne right
to elect those who have.it in their
power to declare war, and for which
many hundred were Bent to prison and
tortured, are now, without even the
power of the ballot, to be made responsible for the elimination of war in the
future.
What useful creatures women are,
and how we admire theml
Platitudes Galore; Pay Never.
The other meeting showed, how this
wonderful patriotic ardour of the women is being appreciated, Miss Mary
MeArthur, one of the women working
so hard to establish equal pay for equal
work for munition in the old country.
In her address, Miss MeArthur told
of women working seven days a week
making guns in a government factory
at the rate of twopence an hour (four
cents), of women and -girls making
guns and field telephones, women who
had replaced men receiving ten pence
an hour (twenty cents), and who were
receiving twopence" an hour, and even
of women and girls working on night
shift, kept standing in the dark from
9 p. in. to 3 a. m. on account of a Zeppelin raid, and having their wages
stopped for this time at tbe end of the
week.
Wonderful are the uses of women!
The particular country or state makes
no difference in this attitude of the ruling mule to regard women as angel
idiots who must be protected and adored, or useful drudgeB, but never as responsible human beings.
'       The Patronising Politician.
A short time ago at' a meeting of the
OgiIvies Royal Household
Canada's Best Flour
Says Conditions in B. C. Are
Worst in the Whole
Dominion
White Miners Forced Out to
Make W«r for Wily
Chinamen
[Special Australian Correspondence]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Nov. 2(i.—I havo
to issue my usual monthly report on
conditions governing employment in
Australia. This information, and I
wish to stress the fact in view of prob-
ablo immigration to Australia, is compiled from the very best sourceB—from
governmont reports, union secretary
reportB, and from my own personal observations—exclusively for The Federationist. I have arranged a Bystem,
with the result that the reports come
in with faithful regularity every month
—a system I hope to keep going regu-
lnrly in the future.
Recruiting Reducing Surplus.
As I have suid before in former reports, the time is now coming when we
will have a real scarcity of employment
in Australia. Enlistments are draining
the country of many men. To understand this it is only necessary to refer
to the statement issued by the defence
department, which shows that to the
ond of October last', no less than 171,-
449 mon from Australia had volunteered for the war. Of this amount, 100,949
nre actually at the battle front, while a
further 70,500 are in training camps in
Australia.
The scarcity of labor will be more accentuated when the munition factories
got going. Many have started here already," but as we are to opon a great
number yet, the time seems to be coming when the "kidnapping" of workors
by rival bosses will be the order of tho
day. Dealing with the industries sec-
tionnlly, I have to say:
Building and Manufactures.
In the building trades: There is an
improvement over "Inst report here.
Painters, carpenters and stone masons,
plasterers and tuck-pointers are all
working well, especially in the carpentering tradea.
The activity noticed in the clothing
and textiles trndes as reported hist
month is still well maintained. In the
clothing trades conditions are good,
military contracts providing much employment', and entailing much overtime.
When I say that over eight million
yards of cloth have been run over the
mill looms, the amount of work in this
branch of the trade will be understood.
In tho tailoring, order made clothing,
section there ia, however, much broken
time.
There is considerable activity in the
sail-making and tent-making branches,
yet little improvement in the boot-making trade, and the uaual seasonal activity has not yet set in.
Leather, Woodworking, Etc.
Conditions are good, a strong demand
prevailing—both for export and local
requirements, and for the manufacture
of military boots and.accoutrements.
Shipbuilding and repairing: Conditions are much the same as at last report? the slackness, however, being of
limited extent', and mainly restricted 'to
the ship-painting section.
Wood working: A general improvement here is noted1, excepting in the
wicker-work section, which for some
months past has been reporting slack
time. Coach-making and furniture
trades show much activity.
Less Workless This Tear.
i There is less total unemployment
than at last report, while at the same
time the part time workers increased.
The latter increase wus chiefly in the
briekmaking and brick carting sections.
Fell mongering and wool scouring reported more work than at last month,
while tanneries were kept busy.
Power, light and heati Conditions
the same as before, though there are
many gas employees still out of work.
Transport: In every branch of this
industry there is increasing activity,
tbere being firm demands for draymen,
carters and tram employees.
WiU Want Employees.
There iB an increased  demand, for
Mr. Parker Williams, M. L. A., Bpoko
last Sunday night in Vancouver Labor
Tomple under the auBpicos of tho People 'a Forum. His address was a slashing attack on the methods of the government during the past few years, and
waa closoly followed by a good-sized
audience.
B. O. Worst in Dominion.
Mr. Williams, during the course of a
lengthy speech, said working class conditions are worse in British Columbia
than in any other part of the Dominion.
White miners have been forced to leave
the province and they were crowded out
of their positions by Chinamen. British
Columbia is the only part of the British
empire whero Chinese aro permitted to
work underground... So negligent has
been the government, the speaker said,
that thousands have gone from the
province, and this province suffers as
does no other province or part' of tho
continent. . Not to the war nor to anything but mala'dminiBtration of tho government can prosent conditions be
charged. The boundary country,
through the influence of A. C, Flummer-
felt, a man who ia slated for a cabinet
Sosition, has been made a miniature
alkan states, Mr. Williams asserted,
and a man with a good Anglo-Saxon
name cannot get a situation.
Men Workless Everywhere.
In every corner of tho province there
are men absolutely dependent on the
two months or so of work the govornment gives The government is tho
largest single employer of labor, and
the largest purchaser, and with the lowest type of patronage ever designed |
All legislation has been remodelled to
rob tho individual und place all power
and right in the hands of the government.
Lahor Legislation Obsolete.
During the past ten or twelve yenrs
there has beon progress on all parts of
the continent on labor lines except in
B. C. Protective legislation to make
life easier from day to day, there has
been none. Ten years ago B. C. stood
foremost "in this respect. But the last
ten years haa added nothing and industrial progress has been rapid with the
result that such legislation as exists for
the protection of labor today is obsolete.
18 YOUB NAME OK
THE VOTERS* LIST?
A municipal, i provincial and a federal
election will take placo during the next few
months. Unices YOU are classified wtth the
Indians, lunatics and propertyless women,, register at once. Do it now or hold -four peace
on election dayi
B.C. VINEGAR WORKS
Factory: 1366-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 286
Est. 1904 Vancouver, B. O.
Wago Earners' Suffrago league, a number of working women, speaking on the
need for women's enfranchisement, exposed many fallacies with regard to
their abilities, each taking as their text
quotations from speeches made by senators sotting forth reasons why women
should not vote.
Clara Lemlich, a shirtwaist maker, selected a sentonce from a senator who
aaid: "We want to relievo women from
the burdens nnd responsibilities of
life," Clara Lemlich pointed out how
little men had relieved women of their
burdens, and how by the rofusnl'to enfranchise women they were making the
burden of earning a living in an already
crowded labor market, harder to bear.
Figures Say Things Plainer.
She went on to point' out thnt there
were 9,000,000 women working for a
living in the United States, whose average wage was less than a living one,
that hundreds of widows were having a
desperate struggle to flnd means of
support for themselvos and families,
thnt thousands of little children were
working in the factories, that thousands
of women, unable to earn a living, wero
selling their bodies in preference to dying of starvation.
"Wo wnnt to relieve the women from
the responsibilities and burdens of
life."   It is surely a grim joke.
Realization, however, is here with
many women, in spito of being called
selfish for seeking their right of self-
government, are going ahead, knowing
that the true patriotism consists, not of
being released from nil responsibilities,
or in having responsibility thrust upon
them without power to act, but in accepting their full ahnre of responsibility
in the world's work, and demanding
the power which should and must go
with that responsibility.
Poet: I fenr I haven't written anything that will live.
Friend: Look on the bright side of
it.   Be thankful that you are alive
spite of what you havo written.
New Zealand has 76,000 trade union
members.
workers for restaurants, hotels and
boarding houses. Hair dressers and marine stewards are also in demand.
General laboring: It seems that there
is to be a great demand shortly for
general laborers. The demand for labor
for the gathering of the harvest iB taking most of the surplus men from the
cities, while the handling of tho wool
is taking much labor.,.
Generally there was a general improvement among the workers since last
report.
These Repdrt Good Prospects.
Thc following trades report good to
very good prospects: Carpenters, paint-
era, plasterers, atone masons, tile layers,
sail makers, blacksmiths, boilermakers,
electrical trades, engineers, fitters, turners, pattern makers, farriers, moulders,
bread carters, tobacco workers, marine
engineers, seamen, letter carriers, letter
press machinists, lithographers, process
engravers, typo hands, furniture trades,
cooks, stewards, hair dressers, restaurant employees, marble and slate workers, rope makers, railway and tramway
men, trolley, draymen and carters.
Among the Metal Workers.
With the exception of bedstead makers, and wire netters, every branch of
the metal industry is working well. In
the electrical tradeB matters are about
the same as at laBt report, and in this
and other trades requiring technical
skill thore is a genuine scarcity of Ichor.
This will become moro acute as the
men are diverted from private works to
the manufacture of munitions for the
government. In the railway works, following on the huge requirements of roll
ing stock for the coming harvest, there
is considerable activity.
Pertaining to Food.
Conditions are much the .same aa at
last month. Meat packing iB still showing much unemployment, owing to tho
embargo on meat still being'in force.
The Commonwealth government has,
however, stated that it will lift the embargo shortly, so this should secure the
meat packers more work than has been
their lot the past few months.
Tho baking industry is about the
same as at laat report, but in the milling sections an activity ia recorded,
which will increase aa the harvest is
gathered. Thia year there will be a record harvest of 150.000,000 bushels, of
which 30,000,000 will be used for home
milling purposes, and the balance for
export, so there should be much activity
in this section ere long.
My next report will follow in a month
from date.
W. FRANCIS AHERN.
The views of a judge are delivered
with conviction.
$12.00, $15.00
or $18.00
Is your limit tor
A NEW SUIT
see what we have to offer.
Good Variety, New Styles
peabody's oveballs
•Union made
W.& J. WILSON
The Men's Clothing Centre
1217-1210-1221   Oovernment   St.
and Trounce Avenue
VICTORIA
WOOD .y&JEZS COAL
Hanbury's Give
Away Each Week
$25 FREE!
LAST WEEK'S WINNERS
15301—Mr. .Grant, 1087 -fourth Ave. Wert |lo.oo
2026—Balmoral Apartment*, 1U8 Thuflow Street.... W.00
27S8—F. Temple, 3417 Second Ave. West 2,00
2015—O. M. Oibhs, 1370 Davie Street 2.00
15131—Mrs. M. L.Kendall, 001 Seymour Street J2.00
2685—P. Buettner, 863 Fourteenth East  $2.00
16168—J. A. Qood, 3680 Fifteenth West  $2.00
BUT FBOM HANBURY'S—YOU MAY WIS A PRIZE OF $10.00
EVERY ONE HAS AN EQUAL CHANCE
We sell only the best quality Mill Wood and GENUINE SOUTH
-     WELLINGTON OOAL
We guarantee the biggest load of wood and the biggest ton of ooal
in Vnncouver, and in addition we are giving away free $26.00 cash
prizes weekly.
Poll printed particulars on the back of each delivery note.
Prompt delivery guaranteed.   Forty teams at your service.
Phone Your Orders to
J. HANBURY & CO. LIMBED
BATVEEW 1076-1077
J. D. McNeill
Mayoralty Candidate
SOLICITS YOUR VOTE
AND INFLUENCE
VOTE FOR
Dr. T. G.
MOODY
Who will run in the coming
Municipal Elections for
Licence
Commissioner
Jingle   rOl      Th. mo,t hut nd hut .mount ol wMte.  Lnmp, 16.10.
COS) "■"' l5'10 ft ton.
Builders' In oar wareIloa-,*,a *••• r.\eo Creek tt. mny e complete
a_ ,.  ttoeh ot common and fire brick, plutor, cement, .ewer
OllppUeS and drain pipe, etc
Furniture,  Bag-we do »u kind. ,t -»-«.» work, bnt w. ip-.-i.ii.. on
gage and "" m°,ln' °' tarn-tare, Pluet and baggage.   Onr men
Piano Movers 2JKV£""'" *u° ""*" whra '"""*•'
YOUB PATRONAGE IN ALL THESE LINES SOUOTTBD
McNEILL, WELCH & WILSON, Limited
80 Pender Street Wert
' PHONES: Seymour 406, 605, 6408, 6400
MACDONALD MARPOLE Co.
LIMITED
Phone Seymour 210 Phone Seymour 210
COAL
Wellington Lump $6.50
Wellington Nut No. 1 $6.00
Wellington Nut No. 2 $5,00
Comox Lump ,. $6.50
Comox Nut $6.50
Union Printing
We specialize in printing constitutions, bylaws,
booklets, publications and stationery of all kinds for
union organizations everywhere.
Our departments cover printing of pamphlets, books
and catalogues.
We Print Everything But Money
SEND YOUB NEXT JOB TO THE   I
B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Labor Temple Vancouver, B. C.
Two Stores and Three Offices To Let
At Low Rentals, in the
LABOR TEMPLE
Cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets
The completion of the Georgia-Harris Street viaduct has placed
the Lahor Temple in the flow of down-town trafflc.
If interested call on or phone
BUILDING MANAGER
Seymour 7495
ROOM 211

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