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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 10, 1915

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No. 50
The Pleasant Ways of the
Balkan States in Days
Gone By
Some Sound Philosophy of
Trench War at the
War is ennobling and enlightening,
tnd develops man's spiritual character.
This is proved by assertion. A few excerpts from "The Report of the International Commission to Inquire Into the
: Causes and Conduct of the Balkan
Wars," of 1918-13. will silence any
doubting Thomases,
The Bellicose Balkans.
The report was published in America
by the Carnegie Endowment for Inter*
; national Peaoe, and is, for obvious reasons, not on sale to the general public.
It is a regular chamber of horrors. It
will be remembered that Qreeee, Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro joined
hands to destroy Turkish dominance in
Europe. -After putting the Turks down
and out for the count, the "Christian
Allies" quarrelled over the spoils, and
the others turned upon Bulgaria and
whipped her. Bahui Eftendi of Strum-
mitsa, in giving evidence of the flrst
. war, said when a Moslem prisoner was
summoned .before the Serbian commander,' the local Macedonian Bulgarians
were asked, "Is this man good- or
bad!"   If one   private   enemy   said
- "bad," .the prisoner was stripped of
his outer clothes and bound. . . .
Those sentenced were bound together by
' threes, and taken to the slaughterhouse: their ears and noses were often
eut off before they were killed."
Pleasant Variations.
There is page after page of this sort
of thing, with an occasional alternation.
Thus: "Village of Palibor: Six Moslems killed by the band commanded-by
Demosthenes, head master of the Greek
School of Palihor, and pillage to the extent of about 13000. One woman
(named) was violated by Domosthenee
and another."
! - Tho official missionaries of the
''Christian faith" to the Moslems were
also at work. '' Leftorn, the wife Of Ar-
nant Agonohaha, who voluntarily embraced Islam fifty years ago," was ordered to be "reconverted to Christian-
* ity." She refused, and was released;
but was, later, "lynched by Greek-savages." Thus perish all who follow not
the "True Faith!"
Commander Cardale, R. N., saw the
village of Doxato after the Bulgarians
had evacuated it, " Arriving," he says,
"at Doxato, we found it like a town of
the dead, everything burned and devas*
tated, and such an odor of blood and
decomposed bodies aB I never hope to
encounter again." Here the Bulgarians
and Turks hnd united to butcher the
Greek Recruiting Posters.
The Greeks were also there in full
war regalia—the Greeks whose "popular" war posters, reproduced by the
commission, represent a Greek gnawing
at a Bulgarian with his teeth, and another gouging out a Bulgarian's eyes
with a sharp-pointed knife*—pillaging,
burning, massacring prisoners; and violating women wholesale.
The Bulgarian   army   captured the
Sost bags of the 19th regiment of the
reek seventh division, and the soldiers'
letters home were made available to the
i Here is a specimen, translated: "M.
Sotlr Pannioannon, in the village of
Vitrinno, parish Ithicon, Tricafa de
Thessalie, River Nesto, 12th July, 1013.
Here at Vrondon (Brodi) I took Ave
Bulgarians and a girl from Sires. We
•hut them up in a prison, and kept them
there. The girl was killed) and the Bulgarians also suffered. We picked out
their eyes while they were still alive.
Yours affectionately,
A nice,  kind,   Christian gentleman,
Costil   Such are the elevating, Christianising effects of warl
War Lords and Credit
We hear a great deal those days
about the terrible' taxes imposed upon
the wealthy Britons to finance the war:
how they are giving of their good gold
to the laat ounce. Here is part of what
Philip Snowden, labor M. P., had to say
about it in the House: "The credit of
this country haa, during the last fifteen
months, fallen from a little over 3% to
—what shall I say, taking the basis of
the last loan, the American loan—to
something like 7%. (Hon members—
"No, noil") Of course, I am perfectly familiar with the excuse that the
chancellor of the exchequer gave yesterday; but I do not for a moment accept it.
Take the rate of our last war loan,
fA%. Before the war, British credit
stood at a little over 3%, say 3*4%. A
person who had £10,000 to Invest In government stock could have obtained a
return of £325 a year. Now, before the
war, he paid an Income tax of Is 3d in
the £1. Ho now pays 3s Od, and a little
sum in arithmetic will show that, after
Eaying the Increased inoome tax, he still
i £67 a year hatter off than he was before." Such are the ways and actions
of the true patriots!
IB Bawbee Land.
Hore is some  more patriotism,  al*
* though somewhat of an international
character. It is alleged that a Glasgow,
Scotland, householder, waa complaining
to the factor's clerk about the increase In her rent, and said she would
not pay It. The clerk retorted: " That 'a
what my boss wants, because he can get
every house in his properties filled with
Belgian refugees, and the corporation
to be security, and also be at the expense of putting the houses in order.'
Pumping In the Kultur.
And here is some kultur!   In the social   Demokraten,    Swedish    socialist
.journal, for 22nd Sept.: "In an article
concerning impressions from Germany,
the lord mayor of Stockholm, in deal*
The only working class representative
in the British Columbia parliament,
and who will speak at the People's
Forum, Labor Temple, next Sunday
evening at 7.80..
IN 1919
New Westminster Printers
Initiate the Move to
Bring It
Vancouver Will Join, and
Start the Ball Rolling
Very Soon
(Continued on page t)
Vancouver—No doubt—19191
The slogan refers to the International
Typographical union convention, and
was brought into being at an impromptu
chapel meeting, hold ln the Boyal City,
during the recent visit of "Jumbo"
Stevenson en routo to his home in Toronto from the 'Frisco convention of
the'A. P. of L. "BUI" Mniden, H. 8.
Walsh and "Dick" Stoney provided
the inspiration, and it was duly moved,
seconded and oarrlod unianimously that
New Weatminster Typo, union would
Initiate an agitation among Western
Canada locals to bring the great I. T.
U. convention to Vancouvor in 1919. It
ia now a matter of record that "Jumbo" put In with the idea, and IS bound
hand and foot to abide by the decision'
of the salmon banks chapel, having
been sworn on a blood-stained lacrosso
It wns pointod out that the I. T .V.
would meet In Baltimore in 1916, Colorado Springs in 1917, Scranton, Pa., In
1918 and "no doubt" Vancouver in
1019, provided always the unions concerned go out for it.
That the question will he shoved up
to the unions of Western Canada is assured by the genuine determination of
the Royal City typos, to start the ball
rolling at once. In all probability a
delegation from Now Westminster will
appear before the next meeting of No.
226 to place their cards on the table.
The idea is not exactly new to the
members of No. 226; in fact many of
them have a distinct recollection of the
efforts made at the 'Frisco convention
some years ago to bring the I. T. TJ. to
But that does not alter the audacity
of the present move on the part of the
Salmon-bellies one whit. That Vanoouver will be in a position by 1919 to care
for and entertain the big eonvention is
almost certain. That a majority will
be in favor of accepting the responsibility of such a campaign during these
times ia another question. The Federatlonist admires the spirit of the movers
and will endorse and assist in every
way possible any plan that will result
in bringing the I. T. U. convention to
Vancouver in 1919.
Vancouver—No doubt—1919!
3. A. Madsen Resigns.
While he was at San Francisco attending the convention of the International Longshoremen's association recently, J. A. Mndsen tendered his resignation as secretary-treasurer of the Pacific Coast district of the organisation,
to take effect as soon as tho vacancy
can be filled. The appointment of his
successor Is expected to be made before
the first of the year.
The dove of peace is just now a very
small piece of dove.
Chairman Vanoouver central labor body
parliamentary committee and an
executive member of tho Typo,
union, who will be a candidate for
councillor in the municipality of
Point Grey.
One Candid Newspaper Has
Given the Whole Show
Dead Away
It Said Compulsory Service
Would Be the Finish
Ab I intimated in my laBt despatch, it
would seem'that the cry of conscription
haa reached a dead-end, for nothing haa
been heard of it for several weeks past
The names of prominent capitalists on
the manifesto for conscription gave the
show away as to its real meaning, and
when organized labor sat up straight
and said what it would do, conscription
talk faded away in the gloom.
Telling It AIL
One newspaper unconsciously gave
the show away in Sydney reeently. Under a cartoon headed "Hamlet up-to-
date—John Bull soliloquises,-" it said:
"To be, or not to be—that is the question; whether 'tis wiser in the end to
Buffer the strikes and lookouts of industrial warfare, or take means against
that sea of trouble, and by conscription
end themf"
The workers then saw the real motives behind the conspiraey against the
working class. Conscription was intended solely to end industrial trouble, fo
end the demands of the toiling masses
for economic justice. 80 the eat .came
out of the bag, and—well, it gft in the
way of the sharp axe wielded by Ubor.
And I think it is dead,
lively Session Transacts a
Variety of Important
Reports Show Employment
in Building Trades Is
Still Slack
VIOTOBIA, Deo 8.—President Wells
presided over the laBt regular meetnig
Of the Capital City Trades and Labor
council. Eighteen delegates were present.
Committee Reports.
Delegate Sivertz, chairman of the
parliamentary committee, said that the
public meeting whioh should have been
held Nov.- 24 had unavoidably been
postponed till after the convention,
which is to be held in the Labor hall,
Dee. 8. All union men are invited to
attend this meeting.
Delegate Taylor, chairman of the
Bpecial committee to see into the matter of starting a local labor paper, reported progress.
The secretary and Del. Day reported
regarding the Returned Soldiers' Employment committee.
Del. Bowers, chairman of the special
committee on bylaws, reported under
unfinished1 business. The council went
into committee of the whole to discuss
the new proposed bylaws. It is the intention of the conncil to devote one
hour each meeting to this report until
ready for adoption. No delegate
should miss these meetings.
From the Dominion immigration inspector, Vancouver, asking for information regarding machinists wanted by
the V. M. D. The secretary had supplied the information.
From local 348, Vancouver, regarding
K. 0. Bridges. Answered by the seoretary. Council ordered the letter referred to local Stage Employees.
From Vancouvor Trades and Labor
council, in reply to one from here in re
aliens working on submarines at Vancouver. B. 0.
A circular letter from the Victoria
Patriotic Aid soolety, asking for help,
was ordered to be answered to the effect
that local unions were doing as they
saw fit; therefore tho counoll would
not take any action,
Reporta of Unions.
Reports showed building tradeB bad.
Plumbers' delegate stated that two men
from Vancouver were working at the
Naval hospital, Esquimau. In view of
the fact that many plumbers are idle in
Victoria, it wbb decided to notify the
The Letter Carriers' delegate Bald
that he had been instructed to bring before the notice of the council the fact
that a storo in town, advertised as the
he matter was left for
British toy shop, was selling German-
made goods.   The mi " - -  -
the delegates to note.
Delegate Nunn waa appointed as trustee for the council's shares in the Labor Temple eompany, Del. Sivertz notified the connoif that the general meeting of the company would be held on
tho 21st inst.
The secretary was ordered to keep
copies of all correspondence.
After a good meeting council adjourned 10.16 p.m., till the 16th Inst.
The fly probably regards mankind as
a bit or a nuisance.
, If the road to hell is paved with good
intentions, I wonder what road Ib paved
with the other ones.
CcSrag)    11.50 PER YEAH :
Mr. Parker Williama, H. L. A.,
will te the'speaker next Sunday
evening at the People's Forum in
the Labor Timple at 7.30. The
subject of hie address will be
concerned with politics in British
Columbia. Mr. Williams always
attracts big audiences, because he
is one of the best of speakers.
All working men particularly
should make a real effort to be at
this meeting. . As the weekly
meetings of the Forum are becoming more widely known, the
attendance is quickly growing,
and they are now coming to be
looked upon' as a permanent feature of the social life of the oity
on Sunday evenings.
ftfrs.  Ralph  Smith  Spoke
About Women's Work
in the World
Advocated Political Franchise and Wages Equal
to Men
Mrs. Ralph Smith was the speaker
before a good-sized audience at last
Sunday evening's meeting of the People's Forum in Labor Temple. Miss H.
Gutteridge in the chair.
In advocating the granting of the
ballot to women the speaker said woman's position, today was one of slow
emancipation. History revealed the
fact that women once stood free, the
equal of man, intellectually and politically. Mrs. Smith quoted writings to
prove the force of her' arguments in
that respeet and to show that women
had taken an important part in the betterment of the race and for the freedom
of humanity.
Votes for Women.
The speaker took strong exception to
the superficial criticisms made by men
who were opposed to the enfranchisement' of women. In refuting these arguments she held1 that the suffrage
movement was not a. craze, women did
not want to vote simply because it
would be fashional}31S,.but because of
the very real interest they took in the
larger affairs of life and government,
and because of their intellectual equality with men. Somo men had advanced
the argument that going to the polls
and otherwise taking an active part in
the political life of the country wbb not
Member of Typo, union 226, who Ib a
candidate for councillor for Ward
VI, Burnaby municipality, at the
forthcoming election. Member of
the 1915-16 board of school trustees.
within woman's sphere. But the speaker
wanted to know why men had any more
right to dictate what woman's sphere
was than women had to dictate what
man's sphere was. These and other arguments to the effect that women would
lose their refinement and womanly qualities by actively participating in political affairs had been shattred by tne results attained in other countries where
women had been given the voto. Man
hnd been forced to fight hard for his
enfranchisement, and should for that
reason be sympathetic in his attitude toward women in their struggle for the
Eulogised Work of Women.
The speaker told of an interview
given a Brooklyn Catholic newspaper
by Archbishop O'Shea of New Zealand,
in'which the prolate eulogised' the work
of women in his country since they had
obtained the right to vote and called
attention to the fact that not only bad
they taken a very active interest in
politicB, but that actually 2 per cent,
more women than men had cast their
votes at the last general elections in
New Zealand.
Notice U hereby firen thst tho
Oommlttee of Investigation on
Workmen's Compensation Lews,
appointed by the GoTtrnment of
British Columbia, will hold a fine!
public meeting it the Co-art Houm*,
Vancouver, beginning on Thurmlay,
December 16th, at 11 o'clock a.m.,
and continuing on following day*,
for the purpoie of hearing oil par-
tloi Intereited who deilre to attend
or be represented at i-acn meeting.
In order to facilitate arrangements for the meeting, employer*'
Mioetatloni, labor organisations,
and other partlea Intending to bo
preient or npreaented br solicitor
•re requested to notify th* Committee by letter tddnatad to the
Chairman tt Parliament Buildings,
Victoria, B. 0., Dm, 0th. IMG.
And Advocates the Course
Advised by the Wise
Yeara Ago
A Ponderous and Profound
One Endorses Industrial Unions
"In adopting a policy of closer affl
■iatlon or amalgamation of unions of
allied crafts I believe the American
Federation of Labor has hit upon a solution of the jurisdictional disputes
that for years have retarded the progress of the American labor movement
and whioh is the most serious problem
that has ever confronted the A. F. of
L." says Andrew F. Gallagher, who represented1 the San Francisco Labor
council as delegate to the recent eonvention of the American Federation of
End Jurisdiction Disputes.
"If the unions affiliated with the
American Federation of Labor will comply with instructions and, whenever the
conventions of the American Federation
of Labor recommend the amalgamation of two or more unions, these organizations honestly endeavor to bring
about such amalgamation, I believe
that jurisdictional disputes will In time
become a thing of the past and the
American labor movement will go forward by leaps and bounds," says Gallagher.
Most Important Action. *
*I am of the opinion that the most
important action of the recent convention of the American Federation of Labor was the urging of closer affiliation
asd, in some cases, amalgamation of
unions of allied crafts."
Pitiful Wages of Female Labor on Government
Work and Orders
Woman Organizer Says Low
Women's Wages Lower
Men's Wages, Too
Isabel Sloan, one of the organizers of
the British Federation of Women
Worken, Bays this organisation demands
the same wages for piece work done by
women that the men receive, and the
same time wages, provided the same
amount of product ia turned out. If the
help of a man is necessary for certain
operations, the man's wages are to be
deducted from the woman's. The minimum demanded for women working -48
hours iB one pound sterling, and this is
to begin at the age of 18.
Demand Minimum Wage.
This minimum has not been reached
in many industries. Miss Sloan reports
that Borne women have to work on government jobs for 2%d per hour. She demands that the eweat shop laws be extended to all industries in which less
than 3 pence is paid per hour, The women are very poorly paid in the bottle
factories and laundries. For certain
work in the cloth industry they receive
ah average of 9b 6d per week.
WUl Putt Men's Wages Down.
Miss Sloan fears that cheap female
labor will pull down the men'a wages,
and thinks that a strong organization is
the only means of securing decent wages
for women and preventing a drop in
men's standards. The street car employees of Newcastle have proved that
men and women can accomplish most-by
joint organization. Thoy refused to admit women into their organization^ un-
loss women received the same wages as
men, and the companies had to give in.
Women Most Organiie Now.
The female car employees now receive 28s per week. The men get 30s,
but the women turn 2b over to the conductors for helping them in certain operations. In the government controlled
factories, women work from 60 to 70
hours for 14b, and organization is indispensable there for the purpose of compelling an improvement.
"The three shift system of eight
hours with a minimum wage of £1 per
week should be heaven on earth for wo-
l," Bald Miss Sloan.
Vice-President Fred A. Hoover Expects
to Return from Alberta Christmas.
Fre-d A. Hoover, business agent of
Pioneer division No. 101, Street Ball-
way Employees, and a vice-president of
tho International, writes President' Hubble that he is in Calgary at present. He
will return to Edmonton irf'a few days,
to be present at a federal arbitration
board meeting, and hopes to reach Vancouver in time for a Christmns dinner
with Mrs. Hoover and the family.
Tlie Seal Union Spirit.
Councillor F. W. Welsh of South Vancouver, and president of the Plumbers'
union, recently had his home badly damaged by fire. Liko all his fellows just
now, he has no funds for building.
Some union carpenters have offered to
go out and donate their services to help
him in the work of rebuilding wben he
is ready to go ahead. Other union building tradesmen hnve promised to do
Business agent and secretary of Vancouver Typo, union, No. 226. who
will be a candidate to succeed himself as school trustee in the muni*
eipallty of South Vancouver.
Returning from A. F. of L,
Will Call on Many
Coast Unions
Refers to the Recent Local
Street Rallwaymen's
Situation    •
Bezih Orr, international treasurer of
the street rallwaymen's union, has been
in Vancouver this week, accompanied
by Mrs. Orr. Mr. Orr was one of the
street railwaymen's delegates to the recent convention of the American Federation of Labor in San Francisco, and
is now visiting the local unions in this
Last Wednesday he attended the
meeting of the Vancouver local union,
and spoke on various matters of especial
interest to the street railwaymen. Last
night he visited New Westminster. Tonight, he is to be in Victoria, and tomorrow will visit Seattle on his way
back to headquarters in Detroit.
Asked by The Federationist if he had
any comment to make about the recent
street car situation in Vancouver, New
Westminster and Victoria, he said,
"The international exocutive board did
not like to refuse to accede to the request of these local unions for funds to
finance a strike at that time. We acted
according to our very best judgment,
and information. In view of the industrial depression prevailing in western
Canada, and the war situation, too, we
could not agree that it would be a wise
course to assume the responsibility of a
strike. We made the best decision we
could from the facts before ub."
Mr. Orr, on inquiring as to the support The Federationist met with at the
hands of local trade unionists, and
learning that the Btreet railwayman's
union is the biggest of the unions which
take the paper regularly for all their
membership, said some very complimentary things.
Yesterday he was entertained by the
local union. President Hubble took
charge of Mr. Orr at midday, and a trip
was taken by car through Stanley Park,
round Marine Drive and back through
Scotch Landlords Rapacious.
The working peoplo of Scotland are
engaged in a country wide striko against
'•'war rents." The landlords on the
lookout to squeeze the last penny from
their tenants, have advanced rates. The
consequence has been that great mass
meetinga have been held and organizations'perfected to make a combined re
sistance against the advancos. In Glasgow, Dundeo, Paisley, Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Ayr and othor places action has
been taken to defeat tho aims of the
landlords, and word has gone out to the
labor people to refuse to pay the increases, evon though eviction follows
such action.
Winnipeg Inborites havo nominated
J. C. Winineton, a member of the Bookbinders' union to run as an aldermanic
candidate in wnrd seven in place of
Dick Rigg, who won a seat in tho provincial house in the recent elections.
Exocutive member of Vancouver central labor body and on active participant in Plumbers' union activities, who will bo a candidate to
succeed himself as councillor for
Wnrd m in tho municipality of
South Vancouver.
Makes It Penal Offence to
Leave the Employer's
Service *
Other Onerous Conditions
Are Gradually Leading
to Trouble
The New Statesman, t Britlah pubH-
cation strongly la favor ot carrying «a *
tba war aa vigorously aa poaeiMt, in a
recent inue haa aome very plain aad
critical thlnga to aay about the Munition* act, under whieh war munition *
factories under the control of th* Brit
iah government are operated.  It sayii
Penal Offence to Quit Weak.
What the act. dom ia to make li a*
penal offence for the wage earner to
leave his employer's service without tho
employer's consent, even at the equation of his contract of service, and wjth
due notice. It makes it a penal offense
for the men in any workshop to refuse
to undertake a new job, however low
may be. the, wage or piecework prise
that the foreman offers.
Courts Art Overbearing.
The munitions court habitually refuses to listen to the workman's plea
that the rste of wages tbat he waa offered was not the proper rate, or wae ■
inconsistent with either the contract or
Bervice, or with the munitions department's undertaking. The court deeunee
to discuss wages or hours of labor, or
conditions of employment—its jurisdiction, it Bays, extends only to enforcing
the employer's will. Thns it haa been
held to be an offence for any workman,
aftor he has worked the full contract
day, to refuse to worh overtime, Including night work and Sundays, whether
or not anything extra is paid for such
overtime, A workma i may not, even
after-due notice, ohanjji his employment
-■-not even from one Munition making
Arm to another—in ordor to get higher
wages—however low may be the wagee
he is getting.
Preference to Employen.
But it is the lack of "mutuality"
about the proceedings under the ut
that the workmen most strongly resent.
The employer is allowed to make what
arbitrary rules he likes, and to change
them from time to Ume, without the
workmen's -torment—not merely the
model rules drawn up the munitions department (ln an unnecessarily harsh and
peremptory phrasing, to which the
workmen nro not accustomed) but also
any rules that tho individual employer
may choose to mako and to enforce by
flne (one man was "suspended" for
four weeks, and thus flned £20, yet not
allowed to leavo the employment). It
has actually been held in many cases
that, although a workman may not,
without his employer's consent, go off
to another situation, the employer Is not
bound to give him work or wages.
Workmen Must Bear Lome.
Oases are constantly occurring ln
which workmen are told to "stand by"
because materials are not ready, or because there are, for the moment, no '.
more jobs. Then they lose hours, sometimes whole days, occasionally even several weeks, earning nothing (although
knowing that other Arms badly want
their services, and would pay high
wages); but the employer will not give
them the discharge certificate, without
which no other employer dare engage
them. Every day in the week the munitions courts are hearing several dosen
cases in which the employer haa refused
a leaving certificate, and in about half
the cases the court holds him to have
been wrong. But even if he wins the
case the workman has no redress for
the injury he has suffered in having
been refused his discharge.
Fisher Now Commissioner.
Andrew Fisher has been appointed
high commissioner in London for the
commonwealth of Australia in succession to Sir Qeorge Beld. W. M. Hughes
succeeds Andrew Fisher as prime minister.
Winnipeg Municipal Candldatea.
Organized labor in Winnipeg will
have at loast throo candidates who will
contest for places on tho council board
in the forthcoming elections, A. Heaps
in ward three; H. Queen in ward five;
Aid. Simpson in ward six and 3. L. Win-
ington in ward seven. The determination
is to put up a strong fight for increased
representation on the municipal board,
and there are splendid indications of
coming success ln the effort to be put
Building Trades Offlcen.
Tho Building Trades department of
the American Federation of Labor at its
recent convention, elected Thomas J.
Williams, of Washington, president;
Ooorgo F. Hedrlck, of Lafayette, Ind,
first vice-president, and William J.
Spencer of Washington, secretary-treaaurer. New officers chosen were; John
Donlln of Chicago, second vice-president; William J. McSorley of Cleveland,
third vice-president; D. D'Alessandro,
of Albnny, N. Y., fourth vice-president,
nnd William L. Hutcheson of Indianapolis, Ind., fifth vice-president.
Carpentera May Baton.
The action of the Building Tradea de-
inrtmont, American Federation of La-
>or, ln session in San Francisco, in revoking the charters of tho machinists,
boilermakers and iron ship builders, it
is said, will probably result In ihe re-
affiliation of the carponters, with their
big membership. The trouble haa been
over a jurisdiction conflict whieh haa
beon smouldering for some time. The
fight turned on the situation of the
millwrights, whose work waa gradually
lost when the mills began to build with
steel and concrete. The carpenten
claimed the machinists were not a
building trade union, and the eonvention voted ln accordance with the aame PAGE TWO
96 Branches in Canada
A general banking busineu transacted. Circular letten of credit.
Bank money orden.
Savings' Department
Intereat allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital
Total i
* II
One Dollar will open
the account, and yonr
husln.se will be welcome be It large or
Branches and correspondent!
throughout the world
. »61,000,000
The Safe Investment
of Small Funds
is to moat men a difficult problem,
and many havo lost all their
money   '*      "*" '*
through   unwise  invest-
If yonr funds are deposited in
Savings Department yon may be
sure they an in the safest place
Onr large Assets and Beserve
Fund afford a comfortable feeling
of security to all our eustomen.
Interest paid on balances twice a
paid-up Capital., r. ..15,000,000
Eeaarved Pnnds 10,807^7*
Corner Hastings aad Cambie Sta.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities ia at—at
Faming, Dairying, Stock aid
I-oeltry. Britlah Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 1*0 asrse
to Aetual Bettlere—
TEBMB—Besldenee on the land
for at leaat three yean) Improvements to tbe extent of Ot per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at leaat Ive acres.
Tat further information apply to
Wbr bu tb. t*l.phon. baeom. so
Bpular in all countries I    Became tt
inimlU the hamaa quality ot tk.
human voles.
Wben a penon la opeaklng mr tb.
lelepbona, ib. tooM and accent of ta.
nit. an vary dialinat; each talker
SMOialaM lnatantly th. vole, ol tha
That's wbat nates loot dlataaee
M.pbonlng ao setlafaetory. Ton know
whom roa art talklni to, yoa know
you meaa.se la ballf received, and
yoa fat yonr answer. And all la a
■meat's tints.
Printers and
Labor Temple
Fhou ley. 44*0
PaUlahai svsry Friday morning by tha B. O. r.Sm-
tlonlit, Limited
R. Pans Pettlplece * Manager
J. W. Wilkinson Editor
Offlo.: Boom 117, Labor Tempi..   Telsphons Exchange
Seymour 7405
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to union, cnbceriblng la a body, $1.
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AOUated with th. Western Lsbor Press Aaioclatlon
"Putty of Labor: the Hope ot the World"
JOHN DAVIDSON, who died last week,
was one of the most aotive men the
trade union movement in this eity has
ever included in its numbers.  He was always in the closest touch with its work,
and was at all times
ANOTHBB ready  t0  «ive his 8er"
pioneeb v'ces> or to advise from
POLLS OUT. tne store °f his extensive
practical experience if
requested to do so. To
put it in a word, he was one of those trade
unionists who "worked at it." Besides
that, he found time to read widely,, and
took the closest interest in all movements
calculated to increase the opportunities of
the working class for securing more and
better edueation. His death is a great loss
to the local labor movement, to which the
best of his ability and a large part of his
life were devoted.
in session this week, and finds itself
confronted with the task of making
I a decision on a far graver issue than it has
had to deal with for some time. The ques-
I tion before the house is,
whAT whether    the    United
WIL1 States shall or shall not
they SO? emb&rk on a stupendous
programme  of militarism.    The word whieh
has been adopted to describe the proposals
of those who want a larger army and navy
is "preparedness."
e      •       e   ■ e
The element in the nation whioh is demanding it is chiefly composed of powerful
financiers, and those who handle the political end of their plans for them. The element which will be required to carry those
plans into effect if they are adopted, will
not be this small group of schemers, but
the mass of the common people. For that
reason it is worth inquiring how far the
latter may be expected to benefit, and
what are the reasons which lie at the back
of the plans of the preparedness advocates.
a      a      a      a
They say that the United States-needs
a very much larger army and navy to
proteot itself against the possible aggressions of outside nations. But pray what
nation at the termination of the present
war will be in any position to think of attacking America?—a proposition which
means among other little considerations,
orossing the Atlantic ocean. It is absolutely certain that no European nation will
be able to undertake such a business for
financial reasons alone, not to mention
that people will be fed up with war by
that time.
• tee
Looking round for reasons of that kind
brings forth none. So there must be
others, The big American* money lenders
have loaned many millions of dollars to a
number of the fighting nations. Their
prime purpose in doing so is to make profitable investments, bearing interest which
they can feel sure they will be able to
collect; and of principal which they can
feel certain of eventually having returned
to them. Stated in' plain terms that is
their position; and arguing logically from
that premise, it may be safely assumed
that their political efforts will be directed
to securing those results.
• •      •     •
How will the interest and principal of
these loans be paid—if they are ever to be
paid at allf They will have to be paid in
values produced in the shape of commodities by the labor of the working class in
the indebted countries. To do this, exploitation of the producing class will have
to be very severe, and for a long term of
years. After going through the war with
all its hardships, the workers will be required to make up their minds to forego
everything in the way of improved industrial conditions and social amelioration in
order that these debts may be paid.
• e       •      •
Now there is every reason to believe
that the greatest disillusionment of the
working olass which the world has ever
seen, is due by the time the war is over.
Even among conservative students of economics, speculation is rife as to the precise manner in which proletarian discontent will manifest itself. It is almost certain that one way in which it will demonstrate is, in a struggle for enlarged political power with the object of curbing the
exploiting proclivities of those who propose to sweat the war debt whieh Europe
owes to America from the bodies of the
workers. Further than that, there are
some who believe that much of thiB loan
money will never be repaid, because it will
be impossible for the workers to endure
the excessive and unremitting pressure
which the burden of doing so would place
upon them.
e      •       e      e
Some Europe governments may very
likely find themselves in the position
where they cannot force the business of
sweating interest from the bodies of their
working class population, beyond a certain
point, without having to face the possibility of a political upheaval which would
end in oblivion for the state as it.was constituted at the time the debt was incurred.
In that case, what will these usurers dot
In our opinion, they are asking themselves
that very question. It answers itself that,
if they cannot get their loans back from
Europe any other way, thoy must have
sufficient preparedness on hand to be able
to go, or threaten to go, and knock them
out of their debtors. In a word, the big
financiers of America want the common
folk of that country to back them up in a
scheme for forcing the working class of
Europe to continue producing values
under such conditions as will bring them
back their loans and interest safely. Besides this comparatively small group of
actual money lenders, there is the more
numerous tribe who are engaged one way
or another, in the production and sale for
profit of armaments* to be taken into account.
* * * *
So many are in the business now, that
they constitute a far more formidable
force than the anti-militarists would have
to face in ordinary times. Thousands of
factories have been converted into war
munition works. The business has brought
big profits, and those controlling such establishments doubtless view with dismay
the coming of the time when the demand
from Europe ceases. Naturally they will
help to swell the "preparedness" cry.
They will, like the rest, be right up on the
band wagon with an' assorted list of patriotic reasons why the United States
should do what they advise. But if Congress were to decide that the entire work
of producing armaments should be nationalized, thus eliminating profit from the
game, these profiteers, like their kind in
other countries, would wilt with a rapidity
only equalled by the melting of the proverbial snowball in the place to whenee
most of them might appropriately be consigned. For that is all it amounts to in
the long run—pronV-with what they call
patriotism used as an advertising medium
for their wares.
e       •       e       •
Into this maelstrom it is sought to lead
the American nation with all the ultimate
horrible Possibilities which are attendant
on such a course. And it looks as though
the business will be entirely successful.
Led by the President's message at the
opening of Congress, backed by a very
powerful section of the press, and assisted
by every psychological influence which its
most enthusiastic supporters could wish
for, it will without doubt mark the beginning of an era of militarism in the
United States; which -will assuredly lead
up some day to similar circumstances to
which it has done in Europe. To talk of
it as a mere measure of defence, is to give
it a name which has not even the merit
of originality to oommend it to the slightly incredulous. Every armament scheme,
and every extension of every armament
scheme, in Europe, wbb described in just
the same language. From beginning to
end it is a business which starts in deceit
and finishes up—well, look at Europe today, that's where it finishes, Still it is a
nice time of the year to start the proposition up. In a couple of weeks from tomorrow it will be the day of "Peace on
earth goodwill towards men." As long as
the world finds as much pleasure in symbols as it does today, realities will pass
by unnoticed.
THE NOBEL PEACE PBIZE, instituted as an annual recognition of
"the greatest service to the oause
of peace during the year," will not be
awarded in 1915. It is unfashionable
nowadays to serve the
cause of peace. Anyway,
the prize does not seem
to have had much lasting effect in the time
that has passed since it
was first given in 1901. The world* stopped fighting for a little while to read some
peace-advocating book that had won the
prize, and then returned placidly to. bloodshed. Perhaps this was only to be expected when it was remembered that Alfred Nobel, however benevolent with his
bequests in the causes of peace and prog-,
ress, made the money thus awarded by
the manufacture of explosives in war.
a stronger factor in world affairs
than any other influence which
moves men to action.  Religion, compared
to it, takes a subsidiary place, and a very
subsidiary one at that,
.**»«»««« considering that thous-
!£S,N<,BB ands of men of similar
AT^-rmiM      religion in the various
ALL OTHBBS.       ^^ m yjj^ ea(jh
other, or trying to. Before the war, most of the talk at big national and international gatherings of
working class representatives, was all
about internationalism and how the spirit
of it was growing.
•      •      e      a
National boundaries were scornfully
described as "imaginary boundary lines,"
quite appropriate as political catchwords
and playthings for parochial minded people, but having no meaning capable of being translated into terms of war as it has
been. But it was all a mirage of the mind,,
conjured in the brains of a mere handful
of idealists too exclusively occupied in
thinking about the final excellence of a
new social order, to pay much analytical
attention to the nature of the material
out of whieh it had to be built.
e       •       e       e
It has proved since then that the workers as a class had no settled convictions
on the matter. Down at bottom, below the
thin crust of hypnotizing terminology,
Germans were Germans, British were British, French were French, and so on; and
some of those most politically heretodox
previously, proved most national under
test. A lot of people, whose wishes had
been busily engaged fathering their
thoughts, were very much amazed, But
after all there was no great amount of
excuse for them being so.
e       e       4       e
It was a clear case of determinism—the
logical result of heredity and environment. Pray what has there been in the
lives of the majority of the working class
of Europe to make them realize the inter
national idea? What percentage of them
ever leave the town or country they were
born in? From youth up their lives are
narrow and circumscribed by the necessity
of working daily for the bare needs of
their physical existence. They have neither
money nor leisure to go abroad and see
their kind in other lands.
•       eto
It is but natural that men should have
a sentimental regard for the plaoe around
which their earliest recollections are centered. And if after life does not bring experience of other lands and peoples, it is
not to be wondered that the mass of men
remain national in their conception of life
and its meaning. Perhaps the praetical
lessons of the war will change this in some
, •      •      e      e
But from the opinions expressed on the'
subject of peace by those who still hold
fast by the international idea, it would
seem that they consider national boundaries must be the starting point from which
all discussion must begin. The war itself
will leave behind it a hindering legacy of
bitterness and recrimination, and taking
the world as we find it now, it looks as
though it is destined to pass through an
acute period of nationalism before the
federation of nations begins to take praetical shape.
officials of the American Federation
of Labor towards the question of
amalgamating trade unions whose craft
interests are closely allied, is in direct contradiction to the policy
of but a short while ago.
It is due to the necessity
for self preservation on
the part of the Federation, and the reading of
some writing on the wall at the recent
convention in San Francisco.     ■
Careful observers who were present at
the recent convention of the American
Federation of Labor prophesy that it-will
eventually prove to have been one of the
moBt important in its effects on the internal economy of that body. The stand
taken by Samuel Gompers on the eight-
hour day by legislation question has astounded many even among thoBe who have
hitherto come to be looked upon as his supporters, no matter what policy he adopted.
Sam has had long and varied experiences,
but if he fails to recognize the industrial
signs of the times—or refuses tp do so—
and does not move with them, they will
move him.
NOT 80
ninety-six of the largest towns in
Britain, show an aggregate falling
off at the rate of 40,000 per year; while
death rates show a corresponding increase.
This is ascribed to the
abnormal conditions due
*o the war. The* former
figures constitute an interesting example of the
social results due in
large measure to the disproportion of the
sexes, as the result of vast numbers of
men being drawn from civio life into circumstances entirely non-conducive to propagation of their kind. They also suggest
that—with the end not yet in sight—w^hen
the war is over, far more conscious and coordinate attention will be given by the
nations involved to the business of devising such conditions as will lead to an increase of births, particuarly among the
•       tee
Records covering a long period prove,
that the first requisites in that direction
are* guaranteed sufficiency of food, clothing and shelter. Periods of "prosperity" always coinoide with increased birth
rates. Cycles of depression, marked by
unemployment and the privations arising
out of it, record a decrease. So it means
in a word that, if a scheme ean be devised
to assure the bulk of the people—the
workers—of the opportunity to secure
enough of the requisites of at least mere
physical comfort, there will likely be an
increase in the number of children born.
But with the burden of taxation now settling upon Europe, whenoe will oome the
means to supply these propagation conditions? Moreover, whenoe will oome the
men to restore a sex balance already heavy
on the female side? When the war is
ended every government in Europe will
be crying out for more children. Monogamy in all the countries has been at least
the nominal and socially official relation
of the sexes. But material reasons at the
bottom determine the moral standards of
each age, as an intelligent study of soeial,
as opposed to court chroniclers' history,
will prove. So, will the pressing necessity
for replenishing the male population of
Europe result in the encouragement of
polygamous relations (?)—for the common people, of course.
The late lamented Catherine of Russia:
"The only way to save our empire from
the encroachments of the people is to engage in war, and thus substitute national
passions for social aspirations."
"What," asks a contemporary, "are
the most inspiring words in the English
language?" Much might be said in behalf of these: "Enclosed flnd cheque."
The power to reason is an attribute of
man that chiefly distinguishes him from
the brute creation. Of what avail is this
faculty if it is not used to establish and
maintain peaceful relations among the nations of the world? j
Earl Derby, who is in charge of the
government recruiting plans in Britain,
will be remembered by the older employees of the postal service as Lord Stanley, a former postmaster general, who described the officials of the postal workers
trade union as "blood suckers and blackmailers" when they went to him to ask
for raises of wages for the men they re-
Some years ago someone invented a nail
machine that enabled one man to do the
work that it formerly took 1200 men to do.
This would be a good thing if the 1200
men it replaced owned the machine. But
they don't own it, some capitalist owns it.
The only way the workers will ever get
any benefit from improved labor-saving
machinery will-be by collectively owning,
operating and managing it.
A woman has written to the department
of militia asking that her husband, —ho
has enlisted, be put in the front of the
fighting in the hope that he would be shot.
Wonder if she got the notion from King
David, of biblical fame, after reading
what he did in that little affair of Uriah
and Bathsheba.
Says the San Francisco Bulletin: "The
labor movement cannot be defeated. It is
a democratic movement and the cause of
democracy will not be finally beaten until
the last man, and the last woman, and the
last ohild is dead. It may change in form.
To the extent that it does not yet contain
all of the skilled and unskilled working
people of America it should change its
form. But as it stands, in all its imperfections, it is a courageous and indispensible
champion of liberties and rights that are
not guaranteed in the constitution nor
mentioned in political campaigns,
The Milwaukee   Leader, commenting
editorially on the effect which the spending of vast sums of money on war munitions will have in the United States, saya:
Hereafter industry will be controlled by a handful of New York bankers.   There has been muoh boasting
that this war will make America the
centre of international finance. It will
certainly create a class of capitalists
who draw their income from the exploitation of workers beyond national
boundaries.  Such a olass in any country is a centre of imperialist ambitions. It gathers around it a parasitic
class opposed to all economic change.
These people will certainly be opposed
to economic change in Europe, too, in order to insure the uninterrupted flow of interest on their investments.
The Australian Worker, commenting
upon the plan for providing land and
homes for returning soldiers, notes a situation in that newly settled country that is
surprisingly like that of older communities. The state lands department of New
South Wales reports that there are no accessible crown lands available for this
purpose. There is plenty of good unused
land in the state, but it has already passed
into private hands. It is proposed to appoint a repurchasing committee to buy
baok these unused lands and give them to
the returning soldiers. This, as the Worker so clearly points out, means a sharp
advance in the price of these lands and big
war profits to their owners. As an alternative, the Worker suggests that the government spend its money in making accessible lands that are now too remote
from transportation. ..___
The small farmer is a peculiar quantity.
He, on the average, probably toils as hard
as the wage working mechanic, laborer or
faotory operative, and gets hardly a better living. In relation to the banker from
whom he borrows money, the railway and
the produce house to whioh or through
whieh he markets his crop, and the companies from which he buys machinery and
fertilizer, he is a victim of exploitation.
But, in relation to the farm laborer who
helps him to plow and reap and thresh, he
is a direot and aetive exploiter. Thus he
is neither capitalist nor wage worker, but
a "third something," sharing enough of
the characteristics of eaoh of these to set
him in opposition to the other. He is willing to act with the industrial proletariat
against the trusts on certain lines and up
to a certain point; but it iB not to be expected that he will support any attempt to
organize the agricultural proletariat or
proteot it from overwork and underpayment.
The New Tork Call makes the following
comment on the attitude of Sampel Gompers to the question of attempting to secure the eight-hqur day by legislation.
It is reported that the president of
the American Federation of Labor,
speaking in the San Francisco convention against the resolution in favor
of legal limitation of the work day,
and in general depreeating reliance
upon political action as a method of
improving the conditions of labor, described the ballot as "a piece of paper
dropped into a box." Would Samuel
Gompers or William D. Haywood be
the more scandalized on having his
attention called to the fact that they
both use the same phrases? But, after
all, there is nothing to wonder at in
the verbal coincidence. Syndicalism
is nothing but conservative trade
unionism dressed up in red clothes.
Similar comment has been made in quite
a number of other papers.
any class of the people. Clean, newsy and
bright—a newspaper you oan trust. THE
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by the people.
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Of America  rQ>*r
tewmat »t«aoi hmmuitisib ,ao,
Vote uainst prohibition I Demand pa-
sonal liberty la ehecslaf what yoa will drink
Ash for this Ubel whoa purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a naraatse that It la Ca!
lon Made. (hla II Our Ubel ■■■■
DAT... DECEMBEB 10, 1915
Made lit,
•British  c
Then are • number of
reasons WHY you should
purchase LECKIE
SHOES ia preference to
others* One good reason
are made in British Columbia in a British Columbia Institution by British Columbiana.
Eveiy penny you pay for LECKIE SHOES remains
here In British Columbia. You pay no duty.
Another reuon Is that you ean not purchase a better
shoe on the market Any man who wears a LECKIE
will testify to that
—At Leading Dealers Everywhei
T.l.phon. 116
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Boy Any Shoe
no matter what Its name, unless lt bean a
plain and readable Impression or this stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
IM Summer Street, Boston, Maes.
J. F. Tobln, Free.   0. L. Blaine, See.-Trees.
Wholesale, retail ud family tnda
Comer BogMe ud Trout Street.
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1003
An Interval of
Keen Enjoyment
Is that when you oan put aside
your work for a time, forget
that there even is sueh a thing
and.sip the goodness from a
glass filed with sparkling
Beally we believe thereis no other beverage that joa eau partake of with
ao great a relish.
is a boon to the man who works,   The human body, being simply a machine, must be kept In good repair for beat results,/
nourishes, tones and strengthens, beoause of tbo barley malt and hops lt
Westminster Brewery
Your Xmas Beer
That'i where
It ean't be otherwise.  Made carefully by
is pre-eminent
Canadian Union Workmen
From the eboleest materials, in tbe most modern and up-to-date plant on
tbe Pacific Ooaat.   Its sales exceed by thousands of bottles the sale of
any other brand In tbe provinoe of British Oolumbia.   Do you knofw
WHY!   Just try it.   Speaks for itself,  At all dealers.
Six pints for 50c      Three quarts for 50c
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Government of New South
Wales Had Introduced
the Scheme
One Central and Four Other
Subsidiary Offices Are
[Special Australian Correspondence]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Nov. 19.-Oue of
tie earliest acts of tbe labor government of New Soutk Wales waa to introduce into parliament measures which
would authorise the establishment of
state labor exchanges, and a scheme for
the insurance of workers by the state
against the evils of unemployment.
Beaaona Given for It.
While work was at times irregular because of the industrial effects of fashions, seasons, climates, new labor-saving devices, new consolidations of eapl-
tal, financial panics, crop failures,
plagues, strikes and war; employment
was intermittent in the main because of
the failure of the community to organise and control the domestio labor market.
The regulation of private employment
agencies and the establishment of state
labor exchanges were considered to be
the means whereby the unemployed
oould be directed into channels of employment, and employment itself established on a more permanent basis. For
the purpose of properly marshalling the
forces the unemployed were to be Indexed under three heads.
Assorted Labor Fewer.
Able-bodied workers equal to any reasonable degree of manual labor; those
who could not do a day'a manual work
mostly by reason of infirmity or advanced years; and those who wished to live
at the expense of others without work,
and those incapable of employment in
the ordinary avocations.
There is every reason for supposing
that in normal times there Is always
sufficient work for those who are included in the first class. Those of the
second class coll for special treatment,
for while their interests, when employed, are safeguarded by the Industrial
Arbitration aot with its provisions for
the issuing of permits on special conditions to aged, infirm or slow workers,
there is a reluotauce on the part of
ployers to engage them.
Curbing Private Agencies.
Tho question as to whether the labor
exchanges should be made self-supporting, or partly self-supporting, did not
enter into the argument. It was resolved that they should be entirely free to
the people, as one of the main objects
of the act was to combat the insidious
work of the employment agenoy shark.
The Btate lays it down that unemployment means distress and inefflcioncy,
which should be relieved by the state,
while it is to the best interests of the
state that each man should be fully employed, and that the Btate Bhould be the
first to give all possible help and facilitate persons in tke work of seeking employment.
War Hade a Difference.
On August 6, 1914, in view of the
industrial crisis which then threatened
by reason of the war, it waa decided
that the matter should not be carried
on along the comparatively small lines
it operated, but that an enlarged scheme
Bhould be at once proceeded with.
Prior to this, however, a woman's em*
ploymeut agenoy as a means of amelior*
ating the condition of the women workers of the community was established
by the government, and up to date is
doing good work.
Within a few days of the declaration
of war, a system of self-registration by
cards was established throughout the
Btate. By this means men out of work
could communicate with the department
their needs free of all postage cost.
Special letter cards were made available
at very post offlce for the purpose.
At the same time the same facilities
were provided whereby an employer
eould communicate his needs to the department. By the end of the first month
1747 employees availed themselves of
the opportunities offered, and to the end
of tho year, 7409 had registered their
names under the government scheme, By
the end of June, 1915, some 15,000 people had handed in their cards from all
parts of the state for employment. .
Some of the Machinery.
Offices for the transaction of tho exchange business were opened at four of
the principal towns in the itate, apart
from the head offlce in Sydney, N. S. W.
The four centres co-operate with the
head offloe In connection with the self-
registration system, and they discharge
local functions. The self-registration
cord has enabled the governmont to determine from month to month tho gravity of the problem of unemployment; to
take steps for the Investigation of the
degree of distress prevailing amongst
those out of work; and properly distribute the relief work offered by the
Boys Trained for Parma.
While many had enlisted for the war,
some 35,000 in New South Wales, It was
found that the part-time employment
offered by the state as a temporary measure to combat entire employmopt, fell
hard on the worker with tt large family.
It was thus decided to give relief to
parents with large families by offering
o take boys freo of charge on the state
agricultural farms.
A minute wai issued by the minister
Unequalled Vaudeville  Means
tM, TJB, MS   Seaaon'e  Prloeei
Matinee, lie.) Ivenlnge, lie., tto.
for labor that any boy of good health
may, without any charge of any kind,
enter and remain at the departmental
farm for three months—and at the end
of that time be sent to work on a farm
if so desired. The boys were offered a
sound elementary training in agriculture, and it waa freely availed of.
V. B. Copies Scheme.
Of the 15,000 men and women who
have registered for work up till last
June, 1915, ,1979 women have been
found work, while 11,731 men wore
placed in positions of some kind.
It ia interesting to note that five
months after we had introduced the
scheme in New South Wales, the self-
registration card system was introduced
by the United Elates government, under
the direction of Seoretary Wilson of the
department of labor, Washington.
Tradee and Labor Council.
Friday, Dec. 12, 1890.
Franols Curry, Amalgamated Society
of Carpenters and Joiners, succeeded
Oeo. B. Baker as delegate.
The oouncll decided not to interfere
between Mr. Glbbs, contractor, of Victoria, and the Stonecutters' union re
contract on new building for Bank of
British Columbia, corner Bichards and
Hastings streets. Delegate Cody stated
that Oibbs waa a sub-contractor under
Mr. Cook, of this city.
A motion emphatically protesting
against the new post offloe, corner Pender and Qranvllle streets, being finished
on the ten-hour day system was carried.
Letter Carriers Meet.
The. local branch of the F.A. L. O.
met on Friday last in room 306, Labor
Temple. A very moderate attendance
was called to order by President Cart
A communication was received from
federated secretary MoMordio, stating
that the government had favorably received our request! for uniforms and
shoes for the temporary carriers, who
are taking the places of carriers on active service. An arrangement has been
made, whereby; temporary carriers may
join the association without initiation
fee; suoh fee, however, muat be paid if
such temporary carriers are placed on
the permanent staff, and wish to retain
membership. Six temporary carriers
were initiated.
The following were elected as officers
for 1916: President, L. O. Carl; vice-
president, J. Cass; secretary, B. Wight;
assistant secretary, W. A. Squires;
treasurer, B. Eirkwood; tyler, M. Buck.
Collectors: main office, J. Cass, J. King
A. T. Hudson; Sub C, A B. Cook, F
Knowles; North Vancouver, J. L. Mo*
Kelet. Sub B, no appointment. Trades
and Labor oounoil delegates, F.
Knowles, J. Cass, B. Kirkwood, B.
Wight and A. B. Cook.
Local Union 226 Members
Are Active in Many
Ways and Places
A Slight Improvement in the
Trade Gives More Men
Allied Printing Tradei Counoll—B. H. Km*
lands, Box 06.
Barbara—0. H. Orut, 1101 TO IraH W.
Bartendere—H. Davis, Box 494.
Blaokimltha—Malcolm Porter, View Hill
P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderojr, 1885 Thirty*
fourth avenue eaat.
Boilermakers—A. Fraier, HBI How* flt
Brewery Worktn—Chu. O. Austin, 788 7th
Ave. Eaat
Brieklayera—William 8. Dagnall, Boom 215,
Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenten Diatriot Council—P. h. Baratt, Boom 206, Labor Tern*
Clgarmaken—W. H. McQueen, ean Kurta
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street
Cooka, Walten, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Boom 804, Labor Temple.
Electrical Worken (outalde)—E. H. Morriion, Boom 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical Workera (Inside)—P. L. Sating*
ha   usen. Boom 207.
Engineers—E. Prendergut, Boom 216, La*
bor Temple. ;-      x:
Granite Cuttere—Edward Hurry, Colombia
Garment Worken—Mn. Jardlne, Labor Tem*
ibut Flahermen'a Union—Boiiell Keariey,
487 Gore avenue.
Honeihoera—Labor Temple,
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight Dlitrlet     68.
Laborera—George Harrison, Boom 220, Labor Temple. _
Locomotive Firemen and Englneera—0. Howard, Port Coquitlam.
Local Englneen—L, T. follower, 1157 Her*
wood.   TeL Bey. 1S46B.
Longihoremen—J, G Kelly, 10 Powell Street
Machinista—J. H. Brooke, Boom 211, Labor
Milk Driven—Stanley Tiller, 813 Eighteenth
avenne weet
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805, Labor
Moving Picture Openton—L. E. Goodman,
Labor Temple*.
Palntera—Geo.  Welton,   Room   808,   Labor
Plnmben-—Room    206%,   Labor   Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pnaimen—P. D. Edward, Laber Templt.
Plasterers—John Jamee Cornish, 1809 Eleventh avenne Eaat.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell,  4866 Argyle
Quarry Worken—Jamee Hepburn, care Colombia Hotel.
Railroad Tninraen—A. E. McCorvllle,  Box
Railway Carman—A. Robb,   416  Nelion
Seamen'a Union—W. 8. Burnt, P. 0. Box
Structural Iron Worken—Room 80S, Labor
Stoneentten—Jamei  Raybun,  P.  0.  Box
Sheet Metal Worken—J. W. Alexander, 8130
Pender atreet east.
Btreet Railway Employeea—Jamea I. Griffin,
166 Twenty-fifth avenue eaat.
Stereotype™—W. Bayley, cart Provinoe,
Teleirraphera—B. B. Peppln, Box 482.
Tradea and Labor Counoll—Oeo. Bartley,
Room 110 Labor Temple.
Tvpnirraphlciil—II.  Neelnndu, Box 16.
Tallort-C. McDonald, Box BOS. '
Theatrical Stage Employeea—Geo. W. Allln,
TOelayen 'and  Helpere—A. Jamleson,   540
Twenty-third avenne eut.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terlrtory. the Northweit Territories and
In a portion of tho Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term ot twenty-one
yean at an annual rental of |1 an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acrea will be leued to one
Applications for lease muit be made br the
applicant in penon to tbe Agani or Bab-Agent
of the district In which the rlghta applied
for an altuated.
In aurveyed territory the land must be described by aietiom, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and In nnsurvtyid territory the
tract applied for ahall bt etaked by the applicant hlmielf.
Each application muit ba accompanied by
a fet of 85, which will bt refunded If the
rlghta applied for are nei available, but not
otherwise. A Toyalty ahall be paid on the
merchantable output of tht mint at the nte
of five centa per ton.
The penon operating the mint ihatl furnish the Agent with iworn returni accounting for tbe  fait  quantity of  mere* en (stile
coal mined and ga/ the royalty thereon.   If
rlghta only, bnt the lessee may be permlttc
?ay t „  __... 
t   Jihti are not being operated,
The' le.aie. will  Include the .eoal  mln In
iuch returni
nr rlghti
ahould be
furnished at least oner
to purchaie whatever available inrface rlithtu
may be considered neeenary for the working
of the mine at the rate or 810 an acre.
For full Information application ahould nn
made to the Seoretary of the Department nf
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
Depotr Mlnlatar of lh. Interior*
K. B.—UnaotWliod publication of tlil> ad*
Tertlaemant will not bs paid lop—10600
Since tlie outbreak of hostilities in
Europe, twenty-six members of Vancouver Typographical union have volunteered for military duty in some capacity or other, The following is a complete list of printers who have donned
the uniform: Capt. L. A. Elliott, Lieut.
B. P. Latta (killed at Ypres), Quartermaster Sergt. W. E. Youhill of the Province offlce (discharged after active service in Belgium), Sergt. A. D. Newberry
of the Sunset office. Privates W. Cruick-
shank of the Terminal City Press, L. E,
Dennison (discharged), P. Fleetwood bf
Clarke 4 Stuart, F. B. Fleming of the
Province, J. V. Jones of the Sun, F.
Leach, E. Mason of the World, W. Murdoch of the World, A. McLean of the
World, J; T. O'Brien of Evans A Hastings, L. 0. re, H. Palmer of 0. A,
Boedde, T. H. Potts, H. Bobbins, J.
Boss of the World, I. Snelgrove of Terminal City Press, W. Taylor of Evans o*>
Hastings and A. Walker of the Province. Mr. F, Farrell is with the naval
volunteers at Esquimau, and Mr. J.
Jackson is in the Old Country, having
left Vancouver with the munition
workers last summer.
Typographical members are also active in the political field. Messrs. H.
0. Benson, W. B. Trotter and J. W.
Wilkinson (newswriter) are candidates
for the provincial legislature at the
forthcoming election, Mr. Trotter being
also a candidate for aldermanic honors
as representative for Ward V of the
city. Mr. J. E. Wilton and Secretary
B, H. Neelands are candidates for the
provincial legislature as representatives
of Point' Grey and South Vancouver-
Burnaby ridings, respectively.   Mr. A.
A. Brookhouse, who is at present a mem*
ber of Burnaby school board, is seeking
election as councillor for Ward VI, Bur*
naby. Mr. H. L. Corey has been mentioned as a probable candidate for the
school board of Point Orey. Mr. E. A.
Morden is a member of the school
board of North Vanoouver.   Seoretary
B. H. Neelands has held a seat on the
school board of South Vancouver for
the past four years, and has announced
his intention to be in the running for
the same position at the January elec*
Voters' lists being printed and the
holiday trade have caused a slight improvement in the printing business, and
some members who have done nothing
for several months are at least gaining
a meal ticket.
Word received from Mr. E. Eirkpatrick, a former member of the local executive committee, indicates that he is
doing well In Chicago.
After experiencing several months of
the "baok to the land" idea, by engaging in agricultural pursuits on Lulu
island, "Hen" McConaghy is again sub
blng on the Province.
Travelling cards have been received
from Messrs. I. Bostrom and W. Leaky,
the former from San Francisco and the
latter from Vernon.
Ask for Ubor Temple 'noae Ixeaaue,
Sojmour ,T4M  (anises ottorwlso stated):
Brltklajm—-Wm. 6. Dafitall, Room 916.
Cooka, Walton, Wsltraeea—Room 104;
Andy Graham.
Eleotrfoal Workon (ontalde)—E. H. Morrison, Room 90T.
Englneera   (attain)—Boom IU; K. Piendar-
Halibut. Ftahermen'e Union—Rnaaell Kear*
lor, 487 Ooro ...nae. Offlee phono, Boy*
monr 4704; noldenoo, Highland 1S44L.
Lonsahoremen's Aaaoelstlon—O. J. Kelly; It
Powell Street; phone Sey. 88BB.
Hnalelsna—H. J. BraaHeld. Room SOS.
Sallon—W. 8. Bona, SIS Haatlnfa atreet
weat.    Sey. 8708.
Streot Rallwsy Employeea—Fred A. Hoover
_ cor. Main and Union.   Phono Sey. 808.
Typographical—R. H. Neelanda, Room 906.
Thli month and neit are tha
beet In the year to plant Roies
and Feonlei.
We carry a large atock alwayi on band—hardy onee that
actually grow and flourish. We
keep them in the beat condition. They are hardy and alwayi thrive. Thoy are kept In
the ground. Come In and let
na tell yoa about the difference In bulbs and plants—
whore thoy differ and the proper conditions under which they
ihould be planted and tended.
Oar facilities for taking the
proper care of plants, loeds and
bulbs are iplendld.
840 Oranvllle Street
Just Above Bobson
Vanoouver, B. 0.
Vancouver—Offlce   and    	
1084 Qranvllle St., Phone Bey. 34
North Vancouver — Offloe and
Chapel, Ill-Sixth St. West, Phono
Refined S*rric«
One Block weat ot Court House.
Use ot Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors  free  to all
Telephone Seymour 8428
Stanfield's Underwear
Far Men
?This underwear is tbe best value we know today of wbicb wa ean
lye onr customers a complete selection. Our English lines bave to fsr
ailed to put in aa appearance, and we do not expect tbey will owing to
tbe war. So tbere is evory reason why a man should turn to Stanfield's
and be well satisfied with it
FOB Jl.26 A OABMBNT-Medium weight, unshrinkable wool underwear
in fine elastic rib finish.
COMBINATIONS are available In aU thns weights at twice the pries ot
single garments. .
Two heavier weights in the same finish at ILM and IMS per garment..
Please note that these are prices of a year ago.
Best Workahlrt Value at fl.00
The makers tell us it is value
for 61.25 in all other stores where
sold. Wo believe thia to be true,
for there are few stores that cu
or care to sell at the fine margins
that Spencer's do. Made of heavy
twill, tough, almost untearable.
In plain khaki and black with pin
stripe. Large, roomy fitting. All
sises to 17*.
Men's Pyjamas, tl a Mt
This is tha garment sine buyers
out of ton want. A suit thtt hai
every—useful attribute—* suit
that ia well asd roomily mads of
good quality, soft finished, striped
flannelette. Por $1.00 this garment offers remarkable value. All
David Spencer Limited
Furniture «£»* ^zltztzi
*** *a*fcl*a \a» mamamt, el wtr ttae msss.
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St. West
rlVj 1 £lL> New —Modern —Fireproof
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under the management of W, T. MOBAN
Boom wtth dotsohed bath .....81.00 ptr dsr an
Boom with private bsth ......*1.S0 per tar a£
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Oor electric motor bu meata all boata ud tralna Int
LOTUS GRILL-Open Continuously
Mualo trom 0.80 to 8.80 snd 10 te midnight
Phons Seymour SMO
INow Blectric Ante Bos Moots all Bests sad Trains Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Most
Complete Hotel
250 R00M9; 100 with Private Baths
EUBOPEAN PLAN, 81.00 psr Day up.
mill *B3¥^*M*SB*^*B'aaaaaaa!tataata
All the wrappers of BOTAL OBOWN SOAP and BOTAL OBOWN PEO-
DUCTS exchanged for beautiful presents
Call whether you have coupons or not.
Special offers for Christmaa and the New Tear, contained in our nsw
Premium Bulletin just luued. Write for catalogue of premiums snd
special offers.
Fancy teapots, Nippon hand-painted chinaware, eut glass, 100 styles
id shapes of aluminum utensils, ladles' hand bags, music rolls, punas,
c, and an elegant display of beautiful dolls, toys, games, etc., eto.
Ton can save money by saving your coupons off Boyal Crown Soap,
Boyal Crown Washing Powder, Boyal Crown Naptha, Boyal Crown
Cleanser, Boyal Crown Lye.
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
^MMMMQ   '   __\mmammmZm_-_______________________m
—!———*^—— --I- a_______\__mam\___\ m\.'_r~r=
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 T 25 Cents
li Bides at 82 Bides on Tour Saving On
A B Cent Fare Tango Tickets #1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
They are sold by conductors on ths cars, st ths B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Oarrall and Hastings streets and 1138 Oranvllle strsst; ths Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings ud Carrall streets snd south snd of
Qranvllle street bridge; Depotmsstsr's Offlce st Main snd Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main attest snd Thirteenth avenue, snd at ths
places of busineu of ths following Inns throughout too dty;
Woodward's Dept  Stoics   (Ding
Dopt.) Abbott Bfr.it Conor.
Spencer's Dept.   Hers   (Ossein's
offle., Information Benea ead Ea-
efaaasa Deeke), nasr Bleksrda.
Wood's Pharmacy—Beraeai Stroot
Campbell's Phamey — Orssrlll.
Stroot sonar.
Owl Disasters—llaln Stroot oonor.
Hsirlsoa-s Dim Stsre—User Oarrall atroot
Hudson's Bsp Oo. All
*    Beaten,     Dnntsls,
Pender street oonor.
' Law's   Dnsston — Harris stnet
Owl   Dragsters — Abbott street
Owl   Snfstoro — Dietary atroot
(Bullsk Bw>
Torrenot Drvfftott ^
Davie street
tar J    uveas    armmasawir.
Owl Dragatore — Daaaanir stroot.
Bartaoo'a    Dn|«on -   Bokooa
stroot oonor.
Brown. * Beales, dn(lUU, Davie
stroot oonor.
PHI Bes Dregstare — Xelsoa stnet
Uw'e Drugstore — Davie   atreet
Bairlsoa's    Dragsters — teatte
stroot oonor.
Bairlsoa's   Dngsten — OrsavOe
atroot and  Seventh evoaas.
Lew'a Dnsston — Hoar Broadway
OampMl'e Drwtore — Broadway
and Commercial Drive.
straet aatrease,
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St
Near Davie
We have the best toys in town. We have the largest
stock in town, and we have the best selection. All
are British, American and Canadian made, and the
prices range from 5 cents each.
iMMNwm  tm     amm s smmmas.ajtatat aaamaaaam
(Continued from page 1)
Granville and Georgia Streets
0, If what you buy here does not
please you—you won't come again.
■U That is why we have Semi-ready
Clothes—they bring you back
again and again as the seasons
■J Semi-ready Tailoring means
good clothes and a perfect fit-
always the best, better than the
rest. $15, $18 and up, according
to wool quality.
£*ttttf-**adg Mortag
J. D. McNeill
Mayoralty Candidate
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
High-class wd painless dentistry st wry moderate prices, which sot-
cos can afford—
Oold Crowns, 22k  -WJ
Oold Brtdgssrort, per tooth..   H._
Perfect Pitting Plstsa, eseh f&W
Porcelsln fllling* each   81.00
Amalgam twinge, each.. 81.00
Teeth extracted free of pain.
AU work guaranteed for TEE TEAKS.
Offlca span arsry evening from 7 to 8 pa
Phons Sermour 8881 Offles:  101 Bank sf OtUws Building
Home Guard
ing with the opinions held by the upper
classes in Germany, remarks upon the
difficulty of getting anyone to take a
reasonable view of things in general,
because the official view is one-sided,
and the right of free speech and discussion is being strangled. The ministers
of religion are the worst sinners in this
respect, and their war sermons, in obvious opposition to their Master's teachings, are the most repugnant one could
listen to."
In Suggestive Sequence.
The following anecdote of the war is
taken from a wounded officer's letter in
the Manchester Guardian: "A day before the great attack a curious thing
happened. A board was hoisted in the
German trenches bearing the inscription:
'•The English are fools.'    ,
No one wasted a bullet on such poor
abuse.   The board went down, and reappeared with the addition:
'The Trench are fools.'
It was ignored by the British.   Then
the board came up again with a third
'We are fools.'
A lively interest was now awakened
in the board.   On its laBt appearance it
bore the inscription:
' Why not all go home.'
A very sensible suggestion, indeed;
and   naturally   arouses   the   question,
Why in the devil did they ever leave
home!"  Such "writings on the wall,"
as it were, tend to show that all the
uniformed artists are not blinded by the
"Hymn of Hate"; nor is reason entirely overthrown in the mad turmoil of
slaughter and destruction, "Somewhere
in France.'' They 're thinking.
In Te Olden Times.
Those American advocates of "Preparedness," who desire a large army
and navy, and who quote freely of the
scriptures to prove that their policy has
the divine sanction, can not feel themselves quite so strongly entrenched in
the "armor of righteousness" as were
the ancient Gideonites, who, upon the
advice   of   their   supreme   councillor,
threw their armor aside, and beat the
supreme mackinaw out of the Midian-
ites with some second hand crockery and
a few toots on the trumpets.   For verification, see the 7th chapter of Judges.
Few Antipodean Comparisons.
While government ownership, or con
trol of industries, is by no means the
millenimum, it still possesses the power
to dull the edge of "the gouge" to a
certain   extent.    A  few   comparisons
from Australia will point the moral and
adorn the tale.   In New South Wales,
the state bakery charges 13b 6d for 100
lbs. of bread; private firms charge from
13s fid to 16s 8d.  In New South Wales
(which has a labor'government), flour
Ib £1117s 6d per ton; in liberal Victoria
£17 per ton.    The average prices of
commodities, from   August, 1914,   till
August, 1915, rose 13.2%.   In liberal
Queensland they rose 21.3%; in  New
South Wales only 8.6%.   Sugar in N.
8. W. sold for £21 per ton; in Victoria,
£21 2s 6d; in South Australia, £22, and
in Queensland, which is the sugar-growing atate, £23.  In N. S. W. butter is Is
3d per lb; bread 8d per 4 lb, loaf.   In
Queensland, butter iB 2b 3d per lb, and
bdead 10di per 4 lb. loaf.   A little difference of tbis description  can make
quite an inroad, or quite a saving, as
the case may be, in the average worker's coupon, despite what theorists may
say to tne contrary.
The following is taken from the New
Tork Times: Beacon, N. H.,- 12th Au-
iist. Governor Whitman sent to Dr.
_ lieb, superintendent of the Mattewan
state hospital, today, pardons for three
inmates, Italians who want to return
to their native land to take up arms
with the allies. Mattewan is an insane
asylum. Any comment upon this would
spoil it.
Consideration for Carson.
Sir Edward Carson, who was on gov-
ernment work, has left his employment
because he was not pleased with the
way things were managed by the foreman;'' Workmen who have done this
have been jailed and fined for the offence, under Mr. Lloyd George's Munition act'. The date of Sir Ed.'B trial,
we understood, has not yet been fixed;
and when it does not eome off, we will
understand why it did not come off.
A Few of Onr Own.
All the Bernhardt's and Treitschkes
do not live in the land of the Terrible
Hun. We have a breed of our own as
virulent as "anything ever produced,
from the university firing squad. Listen to a fow of their preachments.
In 1877, Jas. Bam published the
"Philosophy of War." In it he argues
that war, and the fitness for war*, are
an integral portion of the conditions of
creative advance. He advocates "lending ourselves diligently to the prosecution of nature's plan (warfare) for the
advancement of the inhabitants of the
Local old-time trado unionist, who died
in Vancouver laBt week. A member of the Carpenters' union, and
former delegate to Trades and Labor council.
Following resolution of condolence was passed unanimously by
the Trades and Labor council at
its regular meeting, held in Labor Temple, on Thursday, December 2:
WhereaB, On the 1st December,
1915, the inscrutable decree of
Providence haB removed from the
ranks of organized labor in Vancouver our valued and worthy
brother, John Davidson, member
of the Amalgamated Society of
Carpenters and Joiners, and former delegate to the TradeB and
Labor council; be it
Resolved, That this council express its deep Bympathy to
Mrs. Davidson and daughter in
the loss of a husband and father,
whose life work has been given
to the cause of the workers, and
whose faithful work will endure;
and be it further
< Resolved, That the charter of
the Trades and Labor council be
draped for thirty days and that
a copy of this resolution be forwarded to Mrs. Davidson, be
spread on the minutes of the
. -council, and published in Tbe B.
C. Federationist.
Adam had his troubles, but he missed
the dressmaking and millinery bills.
A municipal, a provlnelt] and a federal
eleotlon will take plue darlnf the next few
months. Unless TOU an classified with the
Indians, lunatics and propertyless women,, register at once. Do It now or hold your peace
oa election day!
Passes Away on December 1—Funeral
Held Last Saturday.
Friends and acquaintances will be
sorry to hear of the passing away of
John Davidson, aged 63 years, whieh
sad event took place on Wednesday,
December 1, 1915. Although he had
been ailing for a long timo, but not
confined to the house, death, as a result
of stomach trouble, oame unexpectedly,
at tho General Hospital, where he had
been for a day or so. He leaves to
mourn his loss a widow and one daughter, Mrs, T. Foster, who have the Bin-
cerest sympathy of a large circle of
friends in their irreparable loss and bereavement.
Mr. Davidson was very well-known in
the building trades, having been a lifelong member of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners, and
for several years had represented that
body on the Building Trades council as
well as the Vaneoaver Trades and Labor
council. Before coming to this eity
from Chicago, 111., some fifteen years
ago, he had travelled extensively, working as a ship's carpenter for five years
on vessels sailing the Atlantic and Mediterranean, and also in different cities
of Canada and the United States. During his lifetime he held nearly every
important office in the gift of bis union,
and was always a staunch and true
unionist. He was a native of Nova
Scotia, and a Fenian raid veteran. -Generous to a fault, his life was spent most
industriously at his trade and for the
good of humanity, which was well
worth the living. He will live long in
the memories of those wjio knew him.
On Saturday, December 4, at 3 p.m.,
the funeral took place from the family
residence, Seventh avenue, near Oak
street, to the crematorium at Mountain
View cemetery by automobile, and was
well attended. Bev. M. H. Jackson, of
St. George's church, conducted the
burial services, held at the house and
the cemetery. The pallbearers were: T.
Coope, F. L. Barratt, G. Bichards, F. W.
Foster, F. Phillips and G. Bartley.
Among the many beautiful floral tributes were: "From Mother," Tom and
Gladys, Ned and May. Bill and Fannie,
Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Foster, Old Friend,
Mr, and Mrs. Saunders and family, Mrs.
Q. W. Robertson, Madge Bobertson,
Mrs. E. Ftorheller, Miss Fierheller,
Trndes and Labor council,
means by which, as between' nations or
races, the universal law that the higher
shall supercede the lower, continues to
work. . . . From Great Britain, and
from the United States, whence the
military spirit is passing away, the bleat
of feebleness is now proceeding." .
And thus Col, Sir Lonsdale Hale on
"foolish scruples" in war: "We, in
this country, have to a great extent,
drifted into a state of namby-pamby
humanitarianism. . . , but the Germans have no such foolish scruples, .
. . arid, very rightly, they will not
let humanitarian scruples stand in their
And many others of the same ilk may
be quoted, ad nauBeum. Militarism is
not a geographical expression, and confined to any one nation; but belongs to
the Simon Legrees everywhere, whether
they- hail from Britain, Germany,
France, Mexico or Timbuc too. They
are cancers of the social body, and urgently require surgical attention.
On the other side of the fence we
have Mr. Anatole France, the greatest
of French writers, whb declares that:
'' The horrors of our military system are
such that a Frenchwoman, if she haB a
son, will rejoice in being a widow, because the son will then be exempted
from two years of tho martyrdom."
And the German authority, who calls
the German barracks 'a great national
misfortune.' "
Mars Makes Morgan Mighty,
From tho New York American: "By
the time the last shot is flred in war-
ridden   Europe,   when  fortunes   there
have been dwindled and shrunk, Morgan
will be the richest man ln the world,
outdistancing Bockefeller,   He and his
banking  house   have   capitalized   the
bloodshed in terms, not of millions of'
dollars profit, but hundreds of millions.''
Here is how it accumulates: "First,
he gets commissions  direct from  the
governments of the allies.   Indirectly,
he gets a profit from transporting the
supplies, both, on land and sea, and from
a thousand other industries.   And, last
of all, but not least, from underwriting
the enormous war loans."
And here is where the strings are
pulled: Mr. Morgan's right hand man,
it appears, is E. B. Steinins, who was
president of the Diamond Match company,  of Illonois,  and  "now  has his
headquarters under the Morgan roof of
WaU and Broad streets.   Under him is
a staff of 300 men, chosen for their
ability to keep secrets, as well as handle
purchases that run into millions."
Bather a prophetic son of a profit,
this man Morgan I
The Balkans—And Looking Backward.
. .A glimpse at volume 4 of Justin McCarthy's "HiBtory of Our Own Times"
will elucidate many of the tangles in
the Balkan situation.   The Turks were
massacring the Bulgarians by the -thousands.    Gladstone  waB gaining much-
popularity by advocating driving the
Turk out of Europe; but was countered
by Disraeli, who said tnat( if the Turk
were driven out of Constantinople, in
would come Russia; and then—good-bye,
British Empirel
By the treaty of Berlin, in 1878, (Britain being represented by Disraeli and
Salisbury) which called a truce, for the
time being, it was heralded from the
house-tops that the way had been paved
for the "gradual self-development and
independence" of  the  Balkan states,
but, the author states, "it must   be
owned thnt the object of some of the
powers—and especially,- we are afraid,
of the English government, was rather
to maintain the Ottoman government"
in Europe.
By the treaty, Bulgaria was left as a
self-governing state, tributory  to  tbe
sultan of Turkey, and owning his suzerainty; Roumania was left under the direct political and military authority of
the sultan.    Austria took Bosnia and
Herzogovina and Russia took Bessarabia
from Boumania; Disraeli declaring that
the reason why Austria got Bosnia and
Herzgovina was to allow her, and not
Russia, to fall heir to Constantinople,
"if the succession to the Porte should
ever become vacant."
Russia regained everything she had
lost after the Crimean war.   "The impression left in the minds of the Greek
delegates was, that the Influence of the
English ministers had in every instance,
been given in favor  of  Turkey,  and
against the claims of Greece.   .   .   ....
an uncomfortable impression everywhere that the whole congress was a
pre-arranged business."
That the Greek delegates were not
far wrong in their impression was later
on proved by the London Globe,'
through the treachery of a foreign office clerk, and that, as a matter of fact,
Disraeli and Salisbury had signed secret
arrangements with Russia and Turkey
on 30th May, some days before the issue
of the invitations to the congress of
Wonderful are the ways of the war
lords! Russia and Turkey were left
on top; the Balkan states in the mire;
and the way paved ior the present rumpus. The popular music hall ditty of
the time was, "The Booshians shall not
take Constantino-o-o-ople." Now, our
dear patriots are breaking their hearts
because they can't give it to her. No
wonder the Balkan stntes are guessing
which way to jump!
No Use for Them.
A. A. Brookhouse a Candidate.
A. A. Brookhouse, of Cowan & Brookhouse, and former delegate to the
Trades and Labor counoil, has announced his candidature as councillor for No.
6 ward, Burnaby municipality. He is a
well-known resident of that ward, having resided there for some years. At
present Mr, Brookhouse is school trustee of Burnaby, and is well-posted on
the needs of that flourishing district,
and if elected should give a good account of himself. He is a strong supporter of the preient policy of H. M,
Fraser, and has promised to assist in
every way the new scheme of tho reeve
ond council to place the financial affairs
of the municipality on a stronger basis,
Had more people lived for their
country, there would be less need to die
for it.
eaTth to higher forms of being." To
him, military glory is the highest form
of glory—"the life of a soldier commends itself in the abstract to the imagination as, moro than any other worthy of.honor."
The late Trofessor J. A. Cramb, in
his lecture, "Reflections on the Origin
and Destiny of Imperial Britain," delivered in 1000, hailed with joy, tumultuous joy, the advent of the new era of
military conquest in thiB country, find
appealed for conscription. He said:
"In war, and tho right of war, man has
a nosscRBion which he values above religion, above industry, and above social
comfort; in war, man values the power
which it affords to lifo of rising above
life, the power whieh the spirit of man
possesses to pursue the ideal."
* Mr, H. F. Wyntt, founder .and hon.
secretary of the Maritime league, says,
"Efficiency for war is God's test of the
nation's soul.   .   .   ,   War remains the
It's a million dollars to a doughnut
that the Kaiser and his clan do not figure on "occupying" the slums of either
Glasgow, Liverpool, Belfast or London,
or Montreal.
History and Progress.
Thus Viscount Bryce in tbe Hibbert
Journal: "After more than forty centuries of civilization, and nineteen centuries of Christianity, mankind—in this
case more than half mankind—is settling its disputes in the same way mankind did in the Stone Age. In some of
the belligerent countries the final and
vital decisions were taken by four or
flvo persons only, in others by six or
seven persons only."
And its a sofe guess that they will
"settle the dispute" only when they
feel so disposed. Of course, the other
millions of mankind do not possess the
necessary brilliancy of intellect to grapple with such intricate problems,"
$12.00, $15.00
or $18.00
Is your limit for
see what we have to offer.
Good Variety, New Styles
The Men's Clothing Centre
1SM.7-1219.1221   Oovernment   St.
snd Trounce Avenne
Hanbury's Give        4»OB    T7-D"E**1? f
Away Each Week   JJ^O   £ Llt-Li I
14308—W. E. Law, 1051—-16th Ave. W .'.
We sell only the best duality Mill Wood snd OENUIJJE SOUTH
We guarantee the biggest load of wood and the biggest ton of coal
in Vancouver, and in addition we are giving away free $25.00 cash
prises weekly.
Full printed particulars on the back of each delivery note.
Prompt delivery guaranteed.   Forty teams nt your servioe.
Phone Tom Orders to
BATTIBW 1076-1077
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
p.-.,. Large, Fast American steamers.  Under ths American
ri       Wl A A "*''  No oat——oaA of war carried.
wj A   am  "Philadelphia"....Dec. 18th
n^TlftimC   V  "StPsnT Dec 24th
Om  HKMW \   \  „New York„ De& 3l8t
nT $40 00 "St Louis" Jan. 8th
UaiS   iptV.VV And every Saturday thorsattsr.
Company's Offioes: 6» SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
Jingle   x Ot      The moat best nd lesst emonnt ot waste.   Lump, $6.00.
Coal        N"1- *lM *',on-
Builders' *n oar w.rohou.e. on Fsls. Creek we carry a complete
—        .. stock ol common and Are brick, plaster, ..ment, .ewer
SUPPlieS snd drain pipe, .to.
Furniture,     Bflg-Wo do .ll kinds ol cartage work, bnt w. speelsllie on
SrafiTe and ***e movIn*r °' furniture, pi»no. and bsgs.se.   Onr men
n. ■■» are experts, snd ther an alio careful when handling
riano Movers houehou einis.
80 Fender Street West
PHONES: Seymour 405, 605, 6408, 5409
Phone Seymour 210 Phone Seymour 210
Wellington Lump $6.50
Wellington Nut No. 1 $6.00
Wellington Nut No. 2 $5.00
Comox Lump , $6.50
Comox Nut  $5.50
Cspltsl 116,000,000 Bast.. 613,600,000
Main OSes:  Corner Hsstings snd Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
ALU A ROAD : Oor. Fourth Avenne and Alma Bond
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor   Pint A.enue .nd Commerce] Drlto
EAST END Cor. Fonder snd Main Straet.
FAIRVIEW Cor. 81.1b A.tnu. .nd Or.n.111. 8ln.l
HASTINOS snd CAMBIE.  Oor. Hutlngi and Osmbls 8tr»U
KITSILANO Oor. Fonrth Anna, and Taw Stnet
MOUNT PLEASANT Oor. Eighth Anna, and Vain Stnal
POWELL BTREET Cor. Victoria Drln and Pow.ll Slrral
SOOTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Annuo and Frassr Road
Also North Vsncouvsr Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenue snd Esplanade
Union Printing
We specialize in -printing constitutions, bylaws,
booklets, publications and stationery of all kinds for
union organizations everywhere.
Our departments cover printing of pamphlets, books
and catalogues.
We Print Everything But Money
Labor Temple Vancouver, B. C.
Two Stores and Three Offices To Let
At Low Rentals, in the
Cor. Homer and Dunemulr Streets
The completion ol the Ooorgla-Hsrrls Strsst viaduct hss plsced
ths Labor Temple In the flow of down-town trafflc.
If Interested call on or phone
Seymour 7495
ROOM 211


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