BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Nov 5, 1915

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345104.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345104-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345104-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345104-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345104-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345104-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345104-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 i.   i    !■!.  J»«i)|P(l'}|J "Wtm
(tn v»nrnnTi>r\
oitr. w.oe)
$1.50 PER YEAR
' Notable Speech Which Made
Profound Impression
on His Hearers
Historic Survey, Proves that
White Sailors Are
Quitting Sea
The speech of Andrew Furuseth, eecretary of tho Sailors' Union of the Pacific; at tlie recent convention of tho
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
mude a profound impression on those
who heard it, and has beon very much
commented upon since then. Muny
Federationist readers have inquired if
the address eould be secured. It cannot
be obtained in full, but following is an
account of it, and containing the more
important passages:
The question I bring beforo you js one
of supreme importaneo to you as making part of the British Empire. It was
by seamen that the Empire wns built,
and it will have to, be maintained by
ttfem. Tho sen powor i^ everything to
you, and if you lose that power you will
lose everything.
In studying the development, of tho
past thirty years, it is not only you but
'the Caucasian race that is losing in the
sea race and therefore in their sea
power. This will mvt be loBt altogother,
but will go to other nations. It is the
rule that the nations that have furnished tho men have aftorwards owned
tho tools. You have seen seamen around
the dock at their worst aad have given
the seamen who went to sea the name
they had earned around tho dock. You
have not seen him at: his best and cannot understand his life.
The Seaman's Cradle.
Mr. Furuseth then made aa historic
reference to seumen and pointed out
that in the days of Babylon they., were
nothing but chattel slaves. They were
next heard of around the Mediterranean
In the Roman period tho seaman was
a free man and a member of the college
to take care of transportation. Theu
the seamen of Rome met the seamen of
Oarthngo and the result was inevitable.
The freer men have always had the better in tho physical argument called war.
Similar coaffict occurred in the Mediterranean again and the men with the
greater freedom won.
If you go to the institutions on the
coast of the Baltic, among tho Norsemen you will flnd that sea power was
. developed in absolute freedom. The relation of men to master was the same
as their relation to tho burgomaster or
mayor of tho town. Tho freedom of the
north followed along tho shore of
France, Britain nnd Spain, meeting with
the slnve system of tho Mediterranean.
The concept of individual freedom of
II the north developed the statutes of Olo-
( ron, from which enmo tho British law
that developed tho sea power of Gront
The Status of the Bailor.
[ The seaman was tied to the
ship and the ship was tied to him, but
he was free in port, tho freest of all
labor people. Men on land wero aerfH,
tied'to tho manor, but the sea developed
] a body of men who wero oblo to defend
their vessels from pirates, attacks of
men, and the forcos of nature.
There were sent to sea the kind of
men that manned tho fleets of England
to meet the Spanish armada. Spain had
more guns and men thnn England, but
•British seamen had chnnged vessels, had
great mobility, and English vessels circled around and destroyed the armada.
The best blood of England reconstructed rigging and helped England to
come off victorious. The boy with love
of adventure would seek the son. He
could make enough to support n family.
In 1803-4 and 5 seamen had live guineas
a month. He waB on a par with mechanics nnd was superior economically,
to tho average man oa shore.
The Sailors' Position Today.
Tho Fronch revolution enmo along
and wiped out serfdom and ns men
learned to mobilize for freedom, wnges
doubled and trebled but seamen's
wageB havo stayed rb thoy were.
Sixty per cent, of the mon at Bea are
under tho law of common hazard.
Twenty per cent, nre held to tho vessel
by the open yawning jail. Twonty per
cent, nre unemployed and unable to follow tho trend of modern society. Slavery was abolished in the West Indies
and the fllave who sot foot on British
soil was freo.
A Boamun who sots foot on British
soil in violation of contract is delivered
back to his master. Slavery had beon
abolished in Brazil and Russia but seamen got nothing out of freedom although ho fought to gel it for everybody else. Employers of Beamon have
power to call upon pence officers on land
and sea to force their employees to go
back on the ship.
If a man gets dissatisfied with his
work he cannot leave. Tho marks of
the chains aro upon them and there is
an effort to put some of them on you.
Thoy may look like ornamentB but we
want to lift them off and we want to
look all men in the face and say we arc
free nnd you have no right to rob us
of our freedom by law.'
Owners Fight Improvement.
The shipowners have boon fighting
the Seaman's bill. Those of Britain
and other countries havo asked the par-
Hamentarians to protest against the bill.
When you touch a Bhipownor on the Paelfle the shipowner in the Mediterranean feels the touch.
Having lost out in the United States
congress thero has been a furious attack made on the bill by tho shipowners.
This legislation provides that men employed on American vessels shall have
the right to one-half their wages and
leave the veBael. If they do not loave
the veflsel they will get all their wages
when they arrive at port.
The bill will come into operation on
November 4, and will apply to foreign
vesaela about July, 1916.
White Sailors Leaving Sea.
fc As  conditions became ■ worse  white
men began to leave the sea.   What so-
(Continued on page 3)
An ftctivc member of Vancouver Typrograplii-
cat union, who returned home from tho
war zono last 'week, on Ittave, and who
attended lust Sunday's meeting of Local
Absence of Five Months was
Terminated Last Wednesday Night
Local Unions on the Coast
About to Negotiate a
New Agreement
VICTORIA, Nov 3.—That the international trade union movement, after
all, is the only snfe hitching-post for
wage workers to tie to has beon once
moro demonstrated. After being away
from international affiliation for the
pnBt five months, the Brewery '"orkors
of the Capital City havo voted to return to the fold. At a meeting of the
ex-members of the old local, held in
Foresters' linll hero this evening, the
decision wns mado by an aggregate vote
of nearly four to one. >
The president of Vancouver TradeB
and Lnbor council, R. P. Pettipiece, acting for tho international executive
board of tho Brewery workmen; the
president ond secretary of Vancouver
local of the Brewery workmen, Messrs.
Miles and Austin respectively, wero
present and uddrossed the meeting,
along with President A. S. Wells of the
locnl central labor body.
It is expected thnt the chnrtor will
hnve been restored and the status of the
old local with its various affiliations arranged in timo for tho next meeting,
Wednesday, Nov. 17.
It is understood hero that tho Vancouver, New Westminster and Nanaimo
locals are now negotiating a new working agreement, carrying with if a number of improvements for tho membership. Tho re-established Victoria local
will awnit the ontcomq nnd then aak
for the same schedule.
Carpenters' New President.
William L. HutcheBon is the new gen-
oral president of the United Brotherhood of Carpentera and Joiners of
America. Mr. HutcheBon was flrst vice-
president of the United Brotherhood,
and upon tho death of James Kirby,
who was general president, according to
the law the flrst vice-president becomes
Massachusetts Wage Commission Sets
Minimum for the State,
Tho minimum wago commission of
Massachusetts has mado two decrees
with regard to female employees working in laundries and retail stores within
the state.
Laundry Workers.
No experienced female employee of
ordinary ability shall receive less than
$8.00 por week and no employee of ordinary ability shall bo deemed inexperienced who hns worked in laundries for
one year.
Wages of learners aad apprentices:
Por week
Employee of !) months' experience.$7.50
Employee of 0 months' experience 7.00
Employee of 3 months' experience 6.50
No one of ordinnry ability to be
paid Iosb than     6.50
A worker of less than ordinary ability
may bo paid less than the prescribed
minimum wage provided that certain
aections of tho act nro complied with.
Retail Clerks.
Minimum  wago  for experienced
workerB above 18 years of ago. .$8.50
Inexperienced workors above 18.. 7.50
Minors between 17 and 18 years.. 6.00
Minors under 17 years of nge 5.00
In order to facilitate the enforcement
of both theso orders female employees
in these occupations oa leaving their
situations are requested to receive a
card showing how long thoy had worked
in that establishment.
British Delegates to A. F. of L.
When tho convention of the American
Foderntion of Lnbor convenes in Snn
Francisco noxt Monday morning, there
will be present ErncBt Bovin and Chas.
G. Ammon, fraternal delegates from the
British Trades Union Congress, who
bring the greetings of some three million organized workers of the United
Kingdom to tho two million organized
workers of the United States nnd Canada, afflliated with *the Amorican organization.
Fishermen Affiliate; Municipal Employment Bureaus Favored
Government Subsidies  for
Privately Owned Ships
Were Denounced
A good attendance of delegates was
present at last night's meeting of Vnncouver TradeB and Labor council when
Vice-President R. P. Pettipiece took the
Fishermen Affiliate.
The local union of halibut fishermen,
numbering 100 members, applied for affiliation. The request was acceded to,
and' a very cordial welcome extended to
the now delegates, who then took their
seats along with a number of other newcomers from other unions.
Committee Reports.
The executive committee recommended that the'services of temporary busi-
nosB agent John Sully be dispensed
with. The recommendation was
Tho parliamentary committeo reported that they had disciiBsed tbe matter
of private employment agencies, and
the fraudulent practices of some of
them. Tho committee recommended
that tho council take action to have
privnto employment agencies abolished,
and municipal agencies established, under civic control. It waB further advised that the provincial government be
asked to establish a department of labor
which could handle this matter in rural
Tho proposal which has for some time
been before tho board of trade, that the
Dominion government' be naked to subsidize the building of ships to have
their home portB in British Columbia,
formed part of tho report of this committeo, it waa decided that the council
would oppose the subsidizing of ships,
whether they were intended to carry
white crews or not. On this point, Delegate Trotter voiced tho prevailing sentiment of the meeting. He said he
would rather Bee all the lumber in British Columbia rot—considering that moBt
of the workers in the mills are Orientals—than support nny proposal to subsidize ships to such a product to other
countries; no matter if the ships were
manned by white crews.
The next meeting of tho city council
will be attended by a committee from
the trades council, to support n proposal
to havo city aldormon elected at largo
instead of by wards* Delegates Trotter,
Sully and Knowles wore selected for
the duty. The secretary was instructed
to circularize the unions requesting each
to sond ono dolognte to augment tho
committeo, which line in chnrge the campaign of the candidates who will contest' on behalf of tho council at tho coming provincial election.
Under the auBpices of the People's
Forum the council has arranged with
Dr. Westbrook, principal of the British
Columbia uoiversity, to nddress a public meeting in the Lnbor Temple, Sunday evening, November 14, nt 8,15, on
the subject of "The People's University."
Ex-business agent Sully reported on
his duties for the pnBt two weeks. Ho
had visited the submarine workB at
Barnet. He had aot been nble to verify
the report thnt a large number of men
had been lnid off nnd workmen from
tho United StntcB engaged in their
places. Some dispute hnd taken place
at the works. A number of workmen
had claimed time and quarter for overtime, the claim had been rofusod and
the men discharged. Two or three men
from Seattle had been engaged ob platers. Delegate Sully reported further
that Mr. W. Nicol, proprietor of tho
Province newBpnper, was having his
house painted by non-union German
Sheet motnl workers reported a visit
from Organizer Kennody. Thoy had
visited shops and held an open meeting,
which waB attended by a number of
non-union men, aad good results were
aaticipatcd from these efforts. Brewory
workers reported on the affairs of their
union in Victoria, a full account of
which appears elsewhere in these columns.
H. Spear, n member of tho local
union of stage employees, who is now
in Snn Frnncisco, was given credentials
to represent tho council nt the convention of the American Fcderntion of Lnbor in thnt city, A motion by Delegate
Crawford, to supplement the credentials
by a grant of $;*S0, was defeated.
Secretary-treasurer Miss H. Gutteridge drew the attention of tho council
to tho conditions under whioh girls
work in the candy factory of Romany
Brothers, particulars of which appeared
in a signed nrticlo by Misb Gutteridge
in last weok's issue of Tho Federationist. It was decided thnt a committee,
consisting of Delegates Gutteridge,
Sully and Pottipioce should iaterview
Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P., with the ultimate object of having tho fedornl department of labor conduct nn investigation into this matter.
Addrdessing Soldiers' Mall.
In view of the number of union men
who have enliBtod, the following particular for addressing mail are published:
(n) Regimental Number 	
(b) Rank 	
(c) Name 	
(d) Squadron, Battery or Company ...
(e) Battalion, Regiment for other unit)
Staff appointment or department...
(f) Canadian Contingent	
(g) British Expeditionary Force	
(h) Army Post Office, London, England.
Unnecessary mention of higher formations, such ns brigades, divisions, is
strictly forbidden, and causes delay,
A municipal, a provincial "ant! a federal
election will take plane during the next few
months. Unless TOU are clBsnifi-ed with the
Indlani, lunatics and property Icnk women,, register at oncp. Do It now or hold your peace
on election dsy I
Shadow and Substance of
Wage Raises and the
Price of Living
Munition Slaves Supply Sinews for the | War for
[By'W. M. C]    . .
According to a report of the United
States department ol' labor, just ittsued,
covering a period from 1907 to 1913 inclusive, the average ■ weekly earnings
af workers around blast furnaces increased 11%; in BeBSomer plantB, 10%;
and in bar mills, 8%,* while the average
weekly working hours decreased 2 or
Facts and Fallacies.
Comparing these items with the venomous scroeds found In the newspapers
and magazines railing against the exorbitant demands of labor in that they
are ruining business; running it out of
the country; eating up all the profits,
and other heinous "(fences against the
good patriots that charitably provide
them with jobs, maimed limbs, occupational diseases, und adtilteruted food;
tho details don't seem to jibe somehow.
It would be interesting to know the
rise in the coBt of living during this
period; but the report doea not give it.
However, ita a safe bet that the rise in
wages is a lap or two behind the rise in
the cost' of living; and losing every lap
—especially since war prices have loomed lurge on the horizon. Taking all departments of the steel and iron industry
covered by this report, the average
hourly pay of common labor,—and com-
dustrieB—rose to the dizzy heights of 18
3-10 cents per hour. For a 10-hour day,
and 0-day week, this is about $11 per
week—and no allowance for sickness,
etc. What the workers do with all this
wealth is one of the wonders of the
The Juicy Bawbee.
Thero's a rumpus in church circlos in
tho "Land 'o Cukes and Whusky."
Some clergymen there have been unpatriotic enough to their kind and country and cloth, as to make a noise because volunteer army chaplains are
drawing their regular church salaries,
plus their army pay (£1 per day and ull
found). They even went the length of
pointing out; that many of these double-
salaried aaints don't even go to the
bnck of the front; but do their "bit"
for K. und C. in the home bnrrucka.
.Tefrlmtflj-j gentlemen, J-Sitlotisy! and professional at that!   Why, most anybody
in poet nnd painter might be regarded us
the forerunner of William Morris and
Walter Crane tn being the poet-artist of
lahor. As & craftsman he loved his art,
and as a poet ho wrote "Songs of Experience" through overy line of which
there breathes a democratic spirit and a
claim that labor Khali not only have tho
means of living, but leisure and opportunity to enjoy the sweets of life,
would be only too willing and glad to
"kill the Kaiser with their mouths" ut
! that price.
Near-Rebel Oarsons Says.
As an aftermath of tho confiscatory
raid upon the '' Labor Leader'' the
other day, Sir E. Carson waa naked in
the British parliament if ho hnd himself read the -pamphlets ordered to be
destroyed, and could he say from his
own experience that they were "poisonous." To, which tho honorable gentleman replied, "I havo read some of
them, nnd may I say that tho German
papers have described the ' Labor Leader ub n wholesome study." (Loud
laughter.) Then they all arose and
joined in the 'Hymn of Hnto.' "
The Oentle Muse.
Apropos of the "Bnck to the Land"
campaign, here nro n couple of verses
which hit it oft somowhat pertiaontly.
The author hns been sentenced to censor
the Harm worth periodicals for the duration of the war, ns the extreme penalty.
"I honr thee speak of a bit o' land,
And a cow for overy laboring hand;
Tell me, dear  mother, where is that
Where I shnll flnd it and work no more?
Is it at home this promised ground,
Where the ncres throe and a cow are
Is it where pheasants and partridges
Or in fleldB where tho farmor is sowing
his seed?
Ts it on moors so wild nnd grand
I shnll flnd this bit of arable land?"
"Not there! not there, my Giles! "
"Eye hath not acen thnt fair land, my
Ear hath but heard an echo wild—
The nightmare of an excited gorge,
That   dreamers   hnve   like    'Wclshy'
Far r.wny, beyond tho ken
Of sober, pra'cticnl business men;
Fnr awny beyond the sight
Of mon  whose hends nre screwed  on
Where castles in the nir do stand,
Behold the cow nnd the bit of lnnd!
'Tis thorel  'tis there, my GileB!"
The Westminster Horrorcle.
"The one thing which threatens serious trouble on thia question (conserlp-
W.H. Youhill Back from the
War Front Received a
Rousing Welcome
Printers Will Increase Dues
to Extend Their Colo-
. rado "Home"
A well-attended regular meeting of
Vancouver Typographical union No. 22(1
was held on Sunday, Oct. 31, all the
officers being present and in their
placeB. Quartermaster Sergeant W. H.
Youhill, who left Vancouver with tho
first* Canadian contingent a year ago
lust August, and who is home on three
months' leave of absence, was in attendance. He was given a rousing reception by his fellow members, all of whom
expressed their pleasure at his safe return.
An entertainment is being arranged
by the executive committee to bo held
at an early date, at which it iB expected
Sergeant Youhill will give some of bis
experiences while on active service.
Delegate Trotter gave a very interesting report of the proceedings of the
convention of the TradeB and Labor
Congress of Canada held hore recently.
Mr. L. Manning was initiated into
full membership, and Mr. F. W. Mutlix
into two third membership.
After amending the local bylaws to
provide for election of officers in May
of each year instead of November, the
present officors were asked to remain in
office until May, 1910.
Typographicul union offices are being
moved from rooms 212-214 to room 206,
Labor Temple.
It wus reported that an amendment
to International Typographical Union
law providing for an increase of five
cents per month for dues, had carried
by a substantial majority on a referendum vote, taken on October 20. This
increase is to cnablo the trustees of the
Union Printers' Home to further extend tho hospital facilities of that institution so as to be able to deal moro
promptly with applicants for admission.
DeL Qeorge Hardy Elected Chairman to
Succeed John Sully.
Goo. Hurdy was elected chairman of
the parliamentary committeo of Vancouver Trades and Labor council, to succeed John Sully, at Wednesday oven-
itig's session. There was a fair attendance of delegates," including somo of tho
Labor candidates at the forthcoming
provincial elections. Municipal and
provincial election mntters wero discussed by the committee at some longth,
which will result in a few recommendations to bo made to the central labor
body. Tho next mooting of tho committee will take place on Wednesday
evening, Nov. 17, when every union in
the city should be represented.
Saw Trouble Coming.
By nn order issued by tho Canadian
Coppor Co., Sudbury, Ontario, effective
November 1, all smelter and surface
employees will hereafter work nn eight-
hour ahift ,instend of ten and twolve
hours, the rato of wages for the shorter
hours to be the same aa for the previ
ous long hour shift. In auch depart
ments where the new order cannot immediately be put into force, a corresponding increase in pny per hour is announced. For some time previous to tho
recent provincial enactment underground employees of this company have
been on an eight-hour shift. The new-
order will increase the smelter and surface employees by upwards of three
Fred Bancroft Calls Here.
Fred Bancroft, fraternal delegate
from the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canndn to the American Federation of
Labor convention, which meets in Snn
Francisco next Monday, passed through
Vancouver yesterday on his way south,
accompanied by Mrs. Bancroft.
tion) is tho suspicion of some working
people thnt tho compulsion demanded
for the army is to bo used in tho workshops." Thus saith the Saturday Westminster. KPrezactly!" us Dan Lono,
of revered memory, would have snid.
How Munitions Act Works.
To prove that the suspicions of these
Ignorant working people nre utterly unfounded, hore nre n few samples of the
Munitions uct at work upon several men
who didn't happen to be nt work.
Messrs. Armstrong, Whitworth & Co.,
of Elswick Works, Newcastle, on tho
H. Earl was charged before the court
with having absent from work three
times without permission. On Tuesday
he had buried his fnther-in-lnw; and on
the following Sundny, his son; these
being two of the dates on which he
wns absent.   Fined £1.
Henry Holland, charged with being
absent. Absence due to pains in the
eye, he having lost on eye in tho navy,
Fined 10s.
Arthur Smith, charged wilh creating
n disturbance nt the works, was fined in
his absence., Tt transpired afterwards
that he had received no summons. The
gist of the chnrge was that the foreman
lind addressed him in nn improper mnn-
ner, and he resented it.
Why Not Work Through?
Cases similar to these are very numerous] The employers, knowing n good
thing when thoy see it, nro not slow to
use the act. for purposes of intimidation, nnd having men summoned and
lined ns a "horrible example" to tho
Recent ensefl show dearly thnt numbers of workmen, with new laws to
right of them, nnd new pnnishmonts tn
left of them, hardly know which wny to
turn, lest this or that turning Bhould
prove to be the wrong turning. The
men nre strongly opposing what they
term "tho nlnvc clauses of the net";
nnd nil indications point to trouble unless they are repealed. All Prussians do
not live in Germany!
This cut Ib Interesting in a labor paper because it is a recruiting picture which appeals for the woman and the child, and
in the present war women and children
hove indeed been victims. It in interest-
in); also because the artist Is Dorothy
Stanley, widow of Henry M. Stanley, the
man who found David Livingston. Dorothy Tennant as she wbb beforo she married tho explurer, used her pencil and
her skilful paint brush to depict scenes
ntnld the slums, and her art did as much
ns the eloquent pen of Sir Walter Besant
to wake up the powers that be to the
necessity of Improving the sanitary conditions and the entire environments of
what are called the laboring clashes,
Lady 'Stanley is not only a clever artist,
hut the friend of labor and social reformer.
Much Be-Lauded Kansas Is
Prohibition But It Has
Some Defects
Proves Workers' Problem Is
Deeper Than a Mere
Liquor Question
The state of Kansas is a "prohibi:
tion" state which is often pointed to
as an example worthy of emulati
Regarding this a statistical analysis is
concluded by former United States commissioner of internal revenue Royal E.
Cabell, with fthe following series of
As to Longevity.
If prohibition is tho cause of a wonderfully low death rate, and prohibition
does prohibit in Kansas, why has Topo-
ka, the capital of Kansus, n death rate
higher than that of 17 capital cities in
states in which liquor is lawfully sold,
and its death rate is exceeded by the
rate in only eleven •npital cities in registration areas, four of which are in
prohibition states! *
And Varied Violence.
If prohibition prevents death by violence, whether by accident or design,
and prohibition docB prohibit in Kansas,
why do the registration cities in the
state of Kansas show a death rate from-
this cause higher thnn the death rato
from the sntno cause in the registration
cities in twenty-eight states in which
liquor is lawfully soldt
Homicide Flourishes.
If prohibition prevents homicide, and
prohibition does prohibit in Kunsns,
why is the homicide rate in Kansas
higher than the homicide rate in fourteen out of the 23 registration states,
attention being called to the fact that
of these fourteen stntes having a rate
of homicide lower than Kansas, in 22 of
them liquor Ib lawfully Bold!
And Suicide. Too.
If prohibition prevonts suicide, nnd
prohibition does prohibit in Kunsns,
why is tho suicide rate in Kansas higher
than in twenty-one states in which
liquor is lawfully soldt
The Connubial Contract.
If prohibition makes homes happy,
and prohibition dees prohibit In Kansas,
why is the annual average divorce rate
in Knnsns higher thnn tho divorce rate
in 20 stntes in which liquor is lawfully
sold, nnd why the higher rato of divorce to wives on accounl of drunkkon*
ness nnd cruelty, and why the rapid
rate of increase In the number of divorces?
Make 'Em Go.
If prohibition is a benefit to tho
church, nnd prohibition dues prohibit in ,
Knnsns, why Is the percentage of church :
members in Kansas lower than the percentage in .17 states in which liquor is
lawfully Bold!
Juvenile Delinquency.
If prohibition saves the boy nnd the
girl, nnd prohibition doos prohibit in
Kansas, why is the rnte of juvenile delinquency higher in tho state of Knnsns
thnn in 10 states in which liquor is
lawfully sold!
That Explains It All.
Tf prohibition improves the mental'
status of the community, and prevents.
Insanity, and prohibition does prohibit
in Kalians, why is the rate of insanity in j
KnnsnB higher thnn tho rate of Insanity j
in sixteen states in which liquor is law-1
fully sold, and why the tremendous increase in the rate of Insanity in Knnsns
ia recent years, although so many counties report no insane, nnd why should it
cost Knnsns nearly one million dollars
ntmunlly in care for her insane, juvenile
delinquents, imbeciles nnd epileptics?
Tf prohibition eliminates crime, and
prohibition does prohibit in Kansas,
why is the rate of prisoners confined
for' grave nnd lesser homicide higher in
Knnsns thnn in 24 stntes in which liquor
is lawfully sold, and for general offenses
Best Meeting for Some Time
Deals with a Variety
of Matters
Boilermakers  Allege That
Aliens Are Now Being
Imported Here .
Victoria Trades and Labor council
met lost Wednesday evening with Fre-   ■
indent A. S. Wells in the chntr, and a
very fair average attendance of delegates.
Violating Lord's Day Act.
For some time the council has been
trying to have Sunday work stopped at
the chemical and explosive works on
James Island, and Attorney-General
Bowser has been reminded that such
work is in violation of the Lord's Pay
act. At the above meeting, this
matter was again up for discussion,
but no decisive action has been taken
as yet by the responlsble authorities,
according to the committee which reported on the question.
Soldiers and Aliens.
Tlie council may appoint representatives on the Returned Soldiers' committee, and the Unemployed Soldiers' com*
mittee, if after consideration the executive board deems such action desirable.
It will be decided at next meeting.
Boiler-makers reported that alien
workmen were being imported to the
submarine works at Vancouver from
Seattle tyough Victoria. The secretary
was instructed to notify Vancouver
Trades and Labor councU of this, with
n view to it being taken up with the
department of Immigration at Ottawa,
ns a violation of the order in council
forbidding the entry of workmen from
foreign countries Into British Columbia.
Beports of Unions.
AU building trades delegates reported
trade very bad—in fact that there was
none. Typos, street railway men and
longshoremen said trade was almost fair
with them, but the plumbers said they
still were locked out.
A special committee was appointed to
go to work on the framing of a new
constitution for the council to govern
Itself by, as the present one iB constant*
ly leading to misunderstanding and
Meeting Was Good One.
Before the meeting terminated, President Wells was called to the special
meeting of the-Brewery. Workers, whieh'
, Ib reported elsewhere in these columns.
1 The council meeting itself wns one of
the best which has been hold for some
time, and in view of the appalling conditions which prevail in Victoria, the
local men consider thoy have overy rea-
, son to bo pleased that organizations are
■holding together and showing as much
' activity as they are.
After This, the Deluge.
The workers should not be led Into
| extravagances bocauseof tho present
1 prosperity due to war ordors 1n the
United States. Both tho individual
members of unions, and the unions
themselves, should cling to their money
for tho reaction that is bound to come
shortly after tho close of the war. If
such a policy be not adopted grief is
suro to follow. Employers that now
yield to demands easily will fight stubbornly to re-establish old conditions,
and the workers must bo prepared to
battle just ns strenuously to maintain
them, und this can only be done by husbanding every resourco, both in our organized and individual capacities. Remember those words of warning and do
not lightly cost them aside.
Ottawa Munition Strike.
Machinists nnd other workmen employed in the 12-inch explosive shell department of tho WostinghouBe Machine
company walked out of the plant last
Monday after thoir demand for a readjustment of the working scale had been
Socialist Presidential Candidate.
The socialist presidential and vlco-
presidentinl candidates for the 1916
campaign in the United Rtntes, nre to
be chosen by a referendum vote of tho
party, The nominations will all bo in
by December 10.
This ts probably the first time in the
history of any political party in America that the candidates for president
nnd vice-president hnve been chosen by
I referendum. This is the first timo it has
■been tried by the socialist party. It fs
I expected that this move will arouse considerable interest in tho socialist campaign.
Jack McMillan Writes.
Jack McMillan, a former member of
tho local union of painters, and business
agent of the Building Trades council, is
now a member of tho 'list' battalion of
tho Canadian contingent. He writes to
sny thnt he Ib just about to leavo with
tho regiment for "somewhere in
France." ue wishes through Tho Federationist, to bo remembered to all who
knew him hero.
higher in Knnsns than in nine stntes in
which liquor is lawfully sold!
Poverty Just the Same.
If prohibition prevents pauperism
and produces prosperity, and is the
cause of thrift, nnd prohibition does
prohibit in Knnsns, why is the paupor
rnte in Kunsns higher than tho pauper
rnte in ten Btates in which liquor is
lawfully sold, nnd why is it that Kansas
hns a smaller proportion of its citizons
with snvings accounts than 37 states In
which liquor is sold, and why is it thnt
the savings accounts of the relatively
few Knnsans who hnve thom nvernge
only nbout ono-hnlf of the nvernge savings accounts of the rest of the country!
And, finally, even in the matter of
education, in which Kansas makes a
splendid record with respect to literacy,
why Is it that she is equalled by one
state and surpassed by four othors, in
each of which liquor Ib lawfully sold! PAGE TWO
88 Branches ln Canada
A general banking business transacted. Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
i Published every Friday morning hr the B. 0. Pedera-
tlonlit, Limited
R. Parm Pettlplece Manager
J. W. Wilkinson Editor
Offlce: Boom 217, labor Temple.   Telephone Exchange
Seymour 7495
Subscription: $1.50'per year; in Vancouver Olty, $2;
to unions subscribing in a body, $1.
J'* L* Frailer Advertising Manager
Tboa. Holtby Circulation Manager
New Westminster W. E. Maiden, Boa 934
Prince Rnpert W. E. Denning. Box 681
Victoria A. s. Wells, Box 1538
Afflliated with tbe Western Labor Press AssocTatlon
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital • ■
I 11,600,00
fetal Aeeete    ...
P08IT8  IN
One Dollar wilt open
the account, and your
bualnese will be wo!-
oome be It large nr
Branches and correspondents
throughout tha world
Deposits ..
.... 181,000,000
The Safe Investment
of Small Funds
Is to most men a difficult problem,
and many have lost all their
money through unwise investments.
If your funds are deposited in
Savings Deportment you may be
sure they are in the safest place
Our large Assets and Reserve
Fund afford a comfortable feeling
of security to all our customers.
Interest paid on balances twice a
Paid-up Capital 15,000,000
Reserved rnnda $8,307,272
Corner Hutlngi and Cambie Sts.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities tn Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock aid
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Preemptione of 180 aerea
to Actual Settlers—
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at least three years; improvements to tbe extent of $5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least live acrea.
For further information apply to
Tho telephone is the short cut to the
person you want to roach. You got
Into direct, personal communication.
You know your message is being received and you get your answer Immediately. Could anything bo more
satisfactory 1
We will locate your party any hour
of the day or night.
Three times tho day period for the
regular oharge between 7 p.m. and 8
British Columbia Telephone Co., Ud.
Printers and
Labor Temple
'   Building
Pheae Sey. 4490
printers of The Hrd.
"Unity of Labor: the Hope ot the World"
ARIST1DE BKIAND, who has just
stepped into the shoes of Viviani as
premier of France, haB a distinctly
interesting record as a politician, and one
which lias engaged the close attention of
the students of proletar-
•fOBTOHH'S j?'1   hlSt0'7   '"   .EU™P"'
TURNING " in "antes m 1862,
wheel. of a t>0U''Bl!0'8 family,
like many others of the
middle class who have
attained political eminence, se set out
with a very fiery programme, which has
gradually cooled as he reached the various
altitudes en route to his present day position.
.     *     .     .
He originally wrote for the anarchist
journal Le Pcuplo, later going to the Petite Republiquc. He left the latter to
found L'Humanitie in co-operation with
Jean Jaures. Briand took a prominent
part in the formation of labor unions, and
evsntually became one of the leaders of
the French socialists. In 1902 he entered
the chamber of deputies after several unsuccessful previous attempts to get there.
L-Yom that time onwards, he became far
more occupied with the practical work
■uid political intrigue of parliament, than
with the abstract exposition of plans for
proletarian emancipation whieh had engrossed much of his time until then.
* *     #     «
This led to much dissatisfaction among
his former associates, and eventually resulted in his exclusion from the unified
socialist party, in March, 1906. He was
always enamored of the idea of officially
separating the church from the state in
France, and was perhaps more responsible
than any other individual for ultimately
bringing that about—a political feat
which he accomplished without smashing
the old parties up right and left.
,     *     .     .
By that time his name had become anathema in the organized labor world of
France, and particularly with the syndicalist school. Then came the outstanding
aet of his career, insofar as his relations
with the labor unions is concerned. In
1910 a general strike of railway employees
all over France, threatened to spread to
othor industries.
* .     .     .
The postal workers were about to join
in, and a political crisis was caused. To
meet it, Briand issued a call to all army
reservists in tho affected industries, to
join the colors; under the usjjial penalty
which failure to obey such orders would
meet with in France. The plan worked,,
and the strike collapsed. As a politician
he belonged, in the eyes of the socialists,
to the reform school; as opposed to the
stand taken by Jaures.
•       a  ■ .*-...  a
Of course, since the war broke out,
mosteof these definitions have gone into
the melting pot in France—and for that
matter, other countries, too—and doubtless no one in all battle scarred Europe today, ponders with more quiet cynicism
upon the amazing turns of Fortune's
wheel than Premier Aristide Briand.
is being urged by a certain section
of the influential press of that country to plunge into a very pretentious
scheme of armaments. As an initial step
in this plan of "preparedness," it is recommended that the modest sum
of $500,000,000 be appropriated by next session of Congress. President Wilson, according to authoritative
news dispatches has expressed himself
as favoring the principle of the proposal,
but does not appear to have made up his
mind as to.how far to go into it juft now.
e       e       e        •
He will probably know more about that
later. Politicians do not think for the
public; they only tell it what it would
it thinks when it has made up its mind on
that point—otherwise it would not know.
Incidentally there is to be a presidential
election in the United States next year,
and it is more than anyone aspiring to
the nomination of the Democratic convention would be wise in doing, to declare
himself on the armament question until
the caucus has given his "dope." But
there is already one grape juice and olive
leaf  Candidate  in  the  field   and—well,
thero cannot bo two presidents,
• •       a       •
But anyhow, that's all by the way. The
big question for the curious and analytical is: Why is it considered necessary by
any considerable body of men in the
United States that the country needs to
greatly augment its armaments? Are they
afraid of attack? If so, when, and by
whom? No one could start on the job except one of the big European powers;
and without shadow of doubt thero is not
the slightest chance of that taking place
at present. The only one which might be
likely to want to attack would be Germany; and even taking into account the
military versatility of that nation, it hardly seems as though it will be ablo to transfer its main activities to this side of the
Atlantic for at least a generation or two.
• •      •       •
By the time tho United States could be
in R "prepared" state, the war will be
over.  All the big powers, from a military
standpoint, will be exhausted. So what
can these American capitalists who are
advocating increased armaments have at
the back of their minds? Do they fear
for the repayment of their loans? Do
they think that the present political makeup of some of the powers is likely to be
tossed into the melting pot of revolution,
with consequent danger of their indebtedness being repudiated?
. Jn that case, does a handful of Wall
street money sharks and international
usurers, hope to use tho bodies of one or
two millions of ordinary American citizens as debt collecting agencies whose
chief equipment is bayonets and bullets.
That may be what they intend; for, as
things are going today, it seems very likely that the United States will in future be
the great creditor nation, with all Europe
for its debtors. In plain terms, that means
that perhaps a hundred or two super-rich
American financiers will be the creditors.
The balance of the people of the United
States will have no further material interest in the proposition than goes with
the distinction of belonging to tho same
e       •       e        •
We cannot see in what way these proposed militarist plans of'a comparatively
faw big American capitalists are going to
benefit the great mass of the common people of the States. But it can plunge them
into tho insane game of continually piling
arms on arms, until the logical day arrives with its logical result, as it has done
in Europe. Surely sqch a lesson will have
some sobering effect even in face of the
noisy campaign which these armament
manufacturers arc organizing.
• *        #        e
lt is they and their usurer friends who
want to lead the United States into this,
the maddest business ever devised in the
maddest of ages. To them it hs the psychological moment. The mind of the
world is obessed with war. The factories
of the United States are choking with
munition making appliances, which are
destined to the scrap heap of superseded
capital once the war is over, unless America can be nationally deluded into keeping
them going.
• *   ''• •
Not one of the "preparedness" advocates has yet been heard to say that the
States should nationalize its armament
industry. If they had the regard for the
safety of the countrf which they profess
to have, they would at least have dono
that. But with them, it is all a question
of taking advantage of the moment to organize a stupendous national scare to
bring them profits. If there is any real
democracy at all, in a country which is
Always assuring the world that it contains
more to the square mile than any other,
now is the time for the common people of
the United' States to show it—or get ready
to eventually have an experience like that
through which Europe is goirig today.
THE MISSION of the working class—
if it has one other than to illustrate
to posterity the limit of human
stupidity in the twentieth century—is to
save itself, and the first business of its
would-be saviours is to
try and get a correct estimate of their class. Nothing is easier than to
climb on the hind legs
and brazenly assure an
audience of workers that they represent
the cream of intelligence and the salt of
the earth, for the simple reason that being
neither, they will the more readily believe
both. What we are is not our fault since
we are in no way responsible for the parental preliminaries which are the cause
of our being here. Coming of ancestors
who are slaves, it is but natural that up
to now tho workers have not done anything half so well as those things they
were told to do.
• •      •       •
But with the knowledge of how to read
and write, and how to exchange thoughts
and ideas tending to the improvement of
their condition, has come a wider outlook
on life and a more spacious conception of
\hc possible destiny of their class. Increased literacy and intelligence have
opened the floodgates of yearning and aspiration for a larger and fuller life, and
the problem of the working class today is
how to organize that new force and mar-
shall its efficiency to produce the desired
result as quickly as possible.
• •        e        •
The mere cramming of tho cranium with
the terms and phraseology of some particular school of economic thought, so that
when the head is shaken it sounds like a
tin can with stones inside, is no proof of
ability to grapple and deal with the practical difficulties of the question as it confronts us. The world as we find it is the
given quantity from whioh tho solution of
ll'i- problem has to bo extracted, and out
of the fabric of the old order the new
one lias to he woven; and in spite of the
desire of some for violent and sudden readjustment of the social and industrial relations of men, nothing will ever be accomplished by such means which is not
in danger of being itself swept aside by
similar methods.
value of anything that happens
until/it has taken its place among
the sum-total of oik experiences, and by
the time experiences have been ours Youth
has passed on its joyous
way. Youth has been
sung by minstrel and
poet for ages, but the
eternal tragedy of mankind is that it is born
■ver young, and eaeh unit is replete with
all the possibilities of folly and failure,
which have tripped the footsteps of its ancestors on their inarch from cosmic slime
to boiled shirts and pictuto shows, and by
the time a man has to die he has gathered
just about half enough information to
know how to live. If the scheme of things
had boen so arranged' that men could
take up the threads of life where their
fathers laid them down, the race might ad
vance in worthier fashion, but it is not so,
and perchance the gods are satisfied, lest
men should become even as they, knowing
food and evil.
•       •      »      »
It is true that each generation slightly
alters tho pattern of the social fabric of
its time, and the aggregate of those
changes is the measure of the real and
abiding progress which is made by the human family in its journey to—well, who
knows? That is on the.kneesof the gods,
and 'twere too curious to meddle o'er
much with such matters for "he that in-
creaseth wisdom increaseth sorrow." But
what youth lacks in experience it possesses in enthusiasm and that abounding
belief in everything whieh is only fully
attained by those who know nothing—in-
eluding themselves. The precocity of
youth and the faith of the fanatic arc
twins begotten of the loins of well-inten-
lioiled ignorance wandering at large in
the highways and byways of a world
which only smiles at the bubbling vitality
of the former, the whilo it builds prisons
to save itself from the latter.
OP MEN.     .
application to industry during the
last one hundred years is the history of tlie working class during that
period. • Labor organization as we know
it, is the human reflex of
applied mechanics and
the discovery of steam
with its application to
the processes of production, marks the dividing
line befween the age of hands and the age
'of machines. The use of machinery has
ftcilitated the production of all those
things which men need for thoir daily life,'
a hundred fold. Whereas formerly one
men's labor would scarce suffice to satisfy
his own wants, today by the help of the
machine he can produce in one day more
rlp.n a hundred of his kind can consume
in a month.
»       •      •      •
The result is that, while more wealth is
created, less men are needed in the profits of its creation. That is the explanation of the paradox of unemployment
coupled with the fact that the workless
are wanting the cardinal necessities of life
not because they are not able and anxious
to produce them, but because they have
produced too much. It is the explanation
of the starving multitude, divorced from
the products of their labor. But the fact
that less men are needed docs not make
the needs of men less, and whatever arguments may be put forward by apologists
desirous of justifying the present day
economic system, the natural fact remains
that all men are entitled to food, clothing
and shelter. But it is also a fact that
while machinery has made the production
of those things easier and more rapid, yet
it is harder for the workers to obtain
them, and it becomes obvious that thore is
some difference between those who make
and those who take.
• •      •      •
The fairy wand of science has been
. waved over the land, and all the powers
of earth and air have been rendered subservient to the purposes of man. The advantages of invention, however, are the
privilege of the few—and that few does
not by any means include all the inventors—and the problem of this and coming
generations is how to put the mass of
the people in correct relation with the
natural resources of the earth and the
agencies whereby the needs of men are
produced and distributed. As it is today,
these things are passing into the hands
of a minority which grows more powerful
with reduced numbers, and unless the
signs of the times belie themselves, the
day is fast coming when society will be
divided into two camps.
• •      *      *
On the one hand will bo a small minority owning ond controlling all the means
of; life. On the other hand will be the
multitude of the masses, owning nothing,
and lacking everything. In that day, human hunger, the most elemental and basic
instinct of human kind, may prove the
motive .force which will declare the new
economic principles which shall make the
mass of the people the possessors and not
the slaves of machinery. As owners of
the machine and administrators of its products, "the proportion of men to the output" will mean time for healthful leisure
and culture. Today it means the haunting
fear of a hreadlcss morrow because men
aro so many and jobB arc so few.
was calculated from the flrst to
cause vexation and friction which
would ultimately lead to trouble. Wc
said so at the time, and from the look of
British newspapers it
seems we were not far
wrong. The bother is
mostly due to.what have
become known as "the
slave clauses" of the
act. Theso practically make a man a
bondslave who works in one of the state
controlled factories, and subject to all the
petty annoyances whieh small-minded officials vested with a litle brief outhority
eau visit upon those under them.
• e       e       •
So wo see in each day's paper accounts
of workmen being hauled before the local
"beak" to say why they stayed at home
to bury grandpa, or blew their nose without consent of the foreman or some such
charge as being absent from work without permission. The result is that organized agitation against the act is growing,
and unless some of the PrUBsian-like provisions of it are cut out or ignored, there
will be strikes in the munition factories,
act or no act.
• •      •      •
At least we believe so, and hope so, too.
The act in the first instance, depends for
its success upon being ablo to bully individual workmen into submission, after
trade union officials have thrown away
most of the economic weapons which trade
unionists have been struggling years for.
When it comes to a body of determined
men who know what they want, and do
not intend to take anything "just as
good"—like the south Wales miners
proved themselves tb be—then the government can very conveniently suspend the
act because it was frightened as to the
result of trying to enforce it.
ft # * O
The Welsh miners showed the way. Let
the munition workers imitate them if it
seems necessary to do so in order to save
themselves from methods which belong to
the system of a Prussian drill sergeant,
rather than a nation which is supposed to
be fighting to down such practices, for
Politicians are all very much in favor
of democracy—as long as it does not work
at it.
From an exchange we learn that a society has been formed in New York
known as the "New York Society to
Lower Rents." Now isn't that nice? And
you know, there's really no harm in it
after all.
Most street car companies suddenly do>
velop a very serious regard for the physical safety of the general public when the
jitney first makes its appearance. Considered in the light of their previous attitude, this is positively "touching."
A few thousands of property poor individuals in this western country, who
would be delighted just now to get a job
at $1 a day, are beginning for the first
time in their lives to learn the difference
between the value and the price of land.
This is Guy Fawkes Day. Wonder if he
would have felt'inclined to change any
of tho famous arrangements he made for
the British parliament if he had been alive
today. Almost seems as though, like
many another notable man, he was born
before his time.
This war has shown that neither preparedness nor lack of preparedness insures
either peace or success in war. No nation
can be strong enough to insure peace unless it is stronger than all the rest of the
world. At every point the paradox of militarism and capitalism is maturing, and
that means their collapse.   .
The International Moulders' union, by
a vote of about nine to one, at a recent
referendum election, decided against amalgamation of all metal trades in one
union. King Canute once sat on the seashore and commanded the tide to recede
and cease wetting his august feet.
Speaking of Lord Derby's new recruiting plan in Britain, a news despatch says
it "appears to be a great success. Establishments of all kind3 are giving up young
and skilled men who can ill be spared."
Wonderful how British capitalists rise to
o sense of duty once they are shown what
they should do.
The war haB had the effect of rending
the international into shreds, and it should
never be reconstructed upon its former
foundations. The war has revealed to us
how extremely nationalistic were its various 'component parts, and has taught us
that in the future true internationalism
must be preached with much deeper understanding and greater cmphasiB. -
Governor Dunne of Illinois has appointed President Walker, of the State Federation of Labor; President Fitzpatrick of
the Chicago Federation of Labor, and Mrs.
Raymond Robins members of a commission of nine to investigate unemployment
in that state. There now, it's to be hoped
the eminent gentleman's action will be a
lesson to Unemployment not to do it again.
The annual convention of the American
Federation of Labor will meet in San
Francisco next Monday. It is expected
that this gathering will have the same far-
reaching and important effects upon the
social and economic status of the workers
of the American continent as have previous functions of a similar kind.
The true farmer is not interested in the
increasing prices of land, for he wants to
keep his little farm; he is interested in
getting a square deal in the social exchange of products. Really, the farmer
could almost haul his product to market
in a topbox and bring hack what ho gets
in exchange in a wheelbarrow, for he only
thinks he owns his land. Those who control the market virtually own the land.
There are some who vote for the old
political parties, knowing exactly what
they do. They clearly perceive the reason
for their vote and their reason is all sufficient. We do'not blame anybody for voting for the old parties when his interests
demand tlie support and perpetuation of
thoae political parties. But these parties
would be back numbers long ago if they
were supported only by this class of property owning voters.
Under a system of competition, or the
doing of things individually; men are
weak. Acting collectively they are strong.
That lesson is taught by nature. A single
honey bee that would compete with all
others, would fail. Acting with a thousand of his fellows he would succeed. An
individual ant that would insist on going
it alone on the principle of every fellow
for himself would soon be a dead ant. Cooperating with all his fellows he is provided with a good home, plenty to eat and
lives to a good old age.
Land is sold at a price that represents
a discount of the possible rents of such
land for a term of years, taking into consideration the prevailing rate of interest,
When rent, proflt and interest have disappeared, land will havo neither value nor
price, on the market, though it will li8vc
use-value, which is another thing. Just to
the extent that profits of landlords, speculators and loan sharks can be lessened,
just so much drop the prices of land and
increase the number of actual owners of
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
3. 3. JONES,
Man. Director
Hoium, Bungalows, storei
and modem smtei for rent
ot a big reduction.
Safety Deposit Boiei for rent at
*2.60 up.   Wills drawn up free of
Deposits accepted ud Interest at
Four per eent. allowed on daily
first end third Timrsdaj-s. ExeJntlvo
k"* *■■*•*■?» H. McVet,, pfo.ldont: H. "
Pettlpleoe, vice-president; Oeorje Bartler
Moral aoorctar)-, 210 Leber Temple; Mill
H, Outttrldgo, treaaurer; Fred, a' Hoover!
etatlatlolenj aergeaaCiat-ania. Joan Bull**; A
J. Oraw/ord. Fred. Knowlee, F. W. Welek
truBteea. .>■*■->■-.
™ ,.V   •    .!'"   i,e*-°****   Monday  In   the
FttaSEStf. oWf" —*
«~,"£e' ?°°m.2M L»bor Temple. Meete
Jral Sunday of eaoh month.. Preelden"
Jamea Campbell| Snanolal aeorelarr H
Davie, Boi■ 424, phone Be,. 4752; reSJrdlnV
■otretary, Wm. Moltlahaw, Olobe Hotel, Mel!
8 p.m., Room 307. Preaident, .iame-i
Haslett* coireeiiondlim secretary. W k
gagnall, Bo; SR: Ananol.l eeore ary   l.
SuuSKSi &'""" *•*""*• "' a' W;
and Iron Ship Billdera and Helpers
of America, Vaneoaver Lodge No. 104—
Meeta Ural anil third Mondaya. 8pm
Preaident, A. Campbell, 7a Seventeenth ava.
nue veal; aeoretary, A. Fraatr, 1161 Howe
Union—Meata Ural Friday In eaek
month, 8:80 p. m., Labor Tomple. A. Graham, bualneaa representative. Offloe: Room
208, Labor Tomple. Hours: 8:80 a. m. to
10; 2 to 6 p. m. Competent help furnished
on short notice.   Phene Seymour 8414,
meets room 205, Labor Temple every
Monday. 8 p. m. Preaident, Sam. Cnwker,
567 Templeton Drive; recording aeeretary
R. H. F.I«»r, Labor Temple: flnanclal aecre.
tary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Templu,
NORTH AMERICA.-Vuneouver anil
vielnity. nranch meets let nm! aril Fr|.
daya at Labor Temple, room 206. H. Night*
aealea, preaident. 278 Flftyalith avenne
east; Jos. 0. Lyon, flnanolal aeeretary, 1721
Grant atreet; J. Campbell, recording aeeretary, 4889 Argyle atreet.
PLOYEES. Pioneer Dlvlelon, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, aecond and fourth Wed- '
nosdnya at 2:80 and 8 p. m. President, Joa. *
Hubble; recording secretary, Jaa, E. Orlfla:
168, Twenty-llftb avenue eaat; flnanclal ■aeoretary and bualneaa agent, Fred. A. Heover,
240) Clark Drive.
AMERICA. Local No. 178—Meetinga
held flrat Taeadey In eaoh month, 8 p. m,
I'roaiilont, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Miss H. Outterldge; recording see, C. MoDonald, Boi 608; flnanclal secreUry, K.
Patoraon, P. 0. Box 608.
Meets last Sunday of eaeh month at 3
p.m. President, R. Farm. Pettlplece; vice*
ireeident, W. 8. Metsger; aecretary-treaaurer
t. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 86.
in annual flonventiou tn January. Exec
ullvc officers, 1915-16: 1'resldenl, A. Watchman ; vice-presidents—V ancouver, W. P.
Dunn, J. H. MeVety; Victoria, B. Simmon*,
New Westminster, W. Titos; Prlnco Rupert,
W. IS. Dunning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; DU
triet 28, U. M. W. of A. (Vancouver Inland),.
H. Guthrie; Dlatrlct 18, U. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Neu Valley). A. J. Carter; seer*
tary-treasurer, A. 8. Wells, P. 0. boi 15H8,
Victoria, B. 0.
VICTORIA  TRADES  AND  LABOR  COUNCIL—Meeta flnt ind tbtrd Wednesday,
Labor  hall,   1424   Government  atreet.   ai   H
Bm.    President, A. S. Welln; secretary, f
oldrldge, Bos 003, Victoria. B. C.
of America,  local  784,  Now  Wes tm lifter.
Meets eecond Sunday of racli month at 1 :30
(Mil.    Secretary, V. W. Jameson, Hex 4011.
Dlrecton: Jaa. Brown, preaident; R. P.
Pettipli.ee, vice-president; Edward Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, J. W, Wilkinion, Oeo. Wllby, W. J. Nagle, P. Blumberg, H H. Free.
Managing director and secretary-treat urer, J.
H. McVety, room Sll, Labor Templo.
at call of president, Labor Temple, Vancouvor, B, C. Dlrectora: James Campbell,
presidont; J. II. McVoty, aecrotary-treasurer;
A Watchman, A. S. Wells. R. Parm. IVttl-
pir-co, manager, 317 Labor Toinp'e. T*i]o-
phone:    Seymour 7491
Men's Hatters and Oultiltora
Three Storei
. Of America
Vote agalnat prohibition) Demand port
■onil liberty In choosing whit joa will drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee tbat It Is Union Made. This Ii Onr Labal mmm*
REAL SHOE ECONOMY is provided when the shoes
actually withstand every demand made upon  them
over a fixed period of time.  The only kind which give
service are those which are HONESTLY built of HONEST
leather by experienced manufacturers.
The reason for the success of LECKIE SHOES is because
these essentials exist in LECKIE SHOES—there is absolutely
no {'experiment."
. Some shoes are made merely to sell at a low price. They may
look as good as a LECKIE. But LECKIE SHOES are made
will be worn long after the other kind is forgotten.
That's real shoe economy—the only kind you can afford.
World Shoe Co.
-54 Hastings St., W., Phono Sey. 1770
Beit Shoe Repairing "While You Walt'
Work calle i for ami delivered
Loggers' Miners' Cripples' a id any kind
of special Shies made to order
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
Modern Science
Aim long recognised the true food oalu
in a beoeragt as: Vhe anfermmted
extract it contains.
Premier Bottled Beer
Is rich In Food and ht In Sllmulanl.
Westminster Brewery
Highland 291
Vancouver Distributer
Capital and Labor Endorse
—! > (%$&$** <	
Beer appeals to the workingman because it
is a mild and inexpensive beverage, which
promotes not only sociability, but furnishes
relaxation after the hours of toil. The regular and moderate use of CASCADE BEER
means sobriety,' steady nerves and healthy
With the wealthier classes, beer is the favorite beverage, not because of its low cost,
but because of its scientifically proven food
value. The sentiment against intemperance
is steadily leading all broad-minded men
toward pure beer, the great temperance
Rich in valuable food elements, secreted
from malted barley and hops. At all liquor
- stores-
Six pints for 50c      Three quarts for 50c
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Largest Ml moit eeleet itock la Weitern Owed*. Ztt, turn, ud decent
treatment, et war Ume pricei.
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St. West
Commonwealth Premier
Against More Compulsory Service
Labor Unions All Over the
Continent Register
Their Protests
[By W. Francis Ahem]
The udvocutea of compulsory" service
in Australia, which is plainly conscription under another name,'received a
rude awakening, when they read the
views of tho labor prime minister of
Australia as given out to u deputation
in Melbourne recently.
Premier Is Opposed to It.
He declared that he was irrevocably
opposed to conscription, and said that
the federal government had no intention of extending the provisions of the
Defence act to allow of service outside
of Australia.
If any change were to be made in
the policy of the government, it was for
tho people to say by a deciaive vote—
not for the governmont. It is not the
policy of the government, he said, to
announce its intentions through a coterie of agitators for a particular aim,
but it would declare its' policy through
its own official channels, us it has always done.
Not to Be Stampeded.
What persons hav« said on the public
platform in favor of conscription must
not be understood to mean that they
have spoken for the labor party or the
I, snid Mr. Fisher, am the only person
who can speak on this matter for the
government, and I shall not allow outsiders to announce what our policy
should be. Outsiders cannot bring in
conscription by public meetinga.
Our country is the freest in the world,
and it is not our intention tn bring in
conscription at any time. What I and
my fellow men are against, and what
every worker in Austrnlia is against, is
that men should be trained by vested interests to fight against nations or pnrts
ef nations at the will of a few people,
instead of tho whole.
A Federation of Nations,
The only system of world government worth thinking of was a congregation of nations, with the establishment of international courts to deter-
wino in equity the rights of the nations; with power to punish nations,
inst as individuals were now punished
for violating the law.
'(T nm irrevocably opposed to conscription in nny form, and I nm sure my
"ollencues are of the same opinion. Before the government does anything in
th" matter, it will give the people who
put us there n chance to decide the
matter for us."
Labor Unions Protest,
At a large meeting of trades unionists
affiliated with the Trndes and Lnbor
council nf Sydney, N. 8. W., the following resolution was carried: "That this
meeting of working clnss citizens pro-
'efts against conscription in nny form,
and trusts that the federal government will not be misled by meetings
held bv the privileged class advocating
compulsory service, ns the operations of
the Wnr Precautions bill prevents
workers from fully discussing' questions
involved, and that the anti-trndes union*
fats nre taking ndvantage of the situation "hen the voice of democrary is
Anti-League Formed.
Throughout' Australia a Inrge anti-
con smptin n Ien'giie is being formed,
while public meetings on its behalf are
l.jioing held, nnd literature boing dis-
■ tributed among tho workers.
Press Comment Orystalizes.
Tho official organ of the Australian
labor party (The Australian Worker)
stuns up the matter pretty plain in the
following words: "If the promoters of
the universal service league hove not
read the signs of the times aright, and
tn profit by the perusal; infinitely worso
■•ill assuredly follow.
"It hns seen how the British Trades
Union Congross, representing over -V
(Wfl.OIW workers, emphnticnllv told the
British government thnt Jho British
workers will do their share so long ns
they nre not driven bv ennservntives
who hnve been labor's enemies, not
•inni- the outbreak of wnr, but long before the wnr was thought it.
"No seer's wisdom is needed to de-
ilnce tho meaning nf their answer to
*he tr-rv scheme for conscription. And
'•ere in ^ustrnlin, nrgnnized lnbor hns
denounced conscription in no uncertain
way. The working class will have none
of it. Consequently, to attempt to foist
it on the nation is a direct invitation
to a controversy which will cleave society in twain. Dbes the universal service leagfie want the sort of trouble
that ought to be avoided at all costs?
If it does, it is certainly going tho right
way about getting what it wants."
Sums Up the Position.
'' This about sums up the position as it
really appears in Australia. We have
reached a position at which we must
either accept this "new" idea or offer
a bitter opposition to it. As ve cannot
accept it, and be true to our pledges as
unionists in every sense ef the word,
there is nothing else for ns but a-bitter
warfare against the idea. And it is
bound to come, unless the matter is
dropped now, once and for all.
In common with other bodies, the
unionists affiliated with the Trades nnd
T.nbor council of M*»lhonrne, Victoria,
have pnqped the following resolution:
"That this meeting is in entire opposition to the objects set forth in the
"innifesto o'f the universal service
leacrue, and urges the people of Australia to resist to the utmost (iny attempt
to foist compulsory service upon them."
AU Round Opposition,
GenernPv there is all-mppd opposition
to the ary for conscription put up by
one i«eHr-n of the community in Anstrn-
lin. We hn"e nnlv tn look around and
so-* who comprise *his enper minoHtv
Tho nn'-snns cnllintr for conscription
ore those interefif'd in hnrre capitalistic
'entiir-ou. trest* nnd "ombinej'. federn-
Hr-nti of ernployers nnd so forth. These
nersops who hnve from times immomor-
ilild Vfi-n the bitter fop nf the working
n-n.qn-ap. do not want copsenptinp for
my otTiflf -oiirTiose thn-n to T'enVen the
r-ir-Vinpr ninsspq, n-nd undermine the
rndps union stren-rth of the country.
PflTfd«tence Meant TrouW*.
Hnppilv the working men of the com-
mon-n-oflltn „rp sopipg- Mr matter in its
tie light, nnd unless the matter"of urn*-
*» "onserintion is dropned there is
br-nml try be very serious trouble in the
"■•■* future.
TV***entinltv. T think, following on the
ime mlnfator's •n-rone'incenrent -n-rpi-not
•M-p movement «nd fill1 fne.t that he ■»"•«■"»
he  "-ill   not  nl]oT- opt^dnrn  to  dic+i*n
tim •onlicT of the lnbor government   the
•Jl'Mo -mnttor "'i1' fl***"***!**- opt     Which fa
♦he boot thing thnt can happen at this
To nnrsue the pinker further will
"cnn the dividing of the commpnitv
nf-*. two groups hostile to each other,
•nd "-hire tho matter would end thon is
-lo-iorM*--..-!-1 do pot enre to pot forMi rit
this date.
Illustrated Catalogue Free
840 Qra-ivlUe Start
Unequalled  Vaudeville   Means
2.45, 7.20, 9.15    Season's   Prlcea:
Matinee, 15c;  Evenings,  IBs., SSe.
Ask   for  Labor  Temple   'Phene   Exchange,
Seymour  .7498   (unless  otherwise  statea).
Bricklayers—-Wm. *8. Dapnall,   Room 215.
Cooks, Walton, Waitresses—Room- 304;
Andy Graham, ■
Kleutrlcal Workors (outildeJ—E. H. Morrison, Room 207.
Bn(tlnee«( (steam)—Room 216; E. Prender-
Halibut Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear-
ley, 437 Gore avenue. Office phone, Seymour 4704: residence, Highland 1344L.
Longshoremeirs Association—G. J. Kelly; 10
Powell Street; phone 8ey. 8369.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 305, Labor
Sailors—W. 8. Burna, 213 Hastings street
Street Railway Employee!—Fred. A. Hoover;
phone Sey. 508,
Typographical—R. H. Neelanda, Rooms 212-
Question of Nominating a
Labor Candidate Is
Not Decided
Maintenance of Way Men
Formed a New Local
Union Up There
well-attended meeting oi! delegatea to
the Trades and Labor council met in
Carpenters-' hall, for their semi-monthly
seBfllon, on Monday evening. President
McDonald presided, and the usual routine of business was attended to.
Complaints were received from the
Cooks and Waiters' regarding the employment of. non-union help by the Hotel
Prince Rupert, and the Savoy hotel. It
was ^ explained by the delegates representing tho culinary trades, that tho
hotels complained of were paying
considerably less wages tban were
payable under union conditions.
They asked that the council take the
matter up by having a committee wait
on the employers in question. Their request was complied with, and the following delegates were appointed to
Bervo on the committee: Dels.- Thompson, Anderson, Nichol.
Proposed Labor Candidate.
The question of a labor candidate
was again up for discussion. It was decided to refer to a future meeting, pending n full report by' the legislative
committee, who were instructed by the
couneil to gather all availablo data on
tho subject.
Malntenance-of-Way Men Organise.
If succcsb is judged by results tbe efforts of Organizer West, representing
tho Mnintennnce-of-Way Employees,
showed thnt another notch hnd been
gninod by organized labor by his success in lnying the corne'rstone of a new
lodge of his organization at Prince Rupert. In response to his efforts, a good
representative meeting of track-men
and men engaged in the bridge and
building department of the G. T. P. Ry.
Co. mot in Carpenters' hall, Friday
evening, when the pioneers of the new
lodge were initiated.
Organizer Denning in a brief address,
congratulated Organizer West on the
success of his efforts, and in a few well-
chosen remarks, dwelt on the necessity
of organization. The officers elected to
govern the destinies of the young lodge
Presidont. J. Gillts.
Vice-president, M. Thomas. ,
Pnst-prosident. G, Rudderham.
Secretnry, J. Nuttnl.
frpneml agent. H. J, Smith.
Chaplain, ,T. Williams.
Warden, Bro. Doherty.
Conductor. Bro. Kelly.
Sentinel. ,T. Smith.
Outer sentinel, Brn. Mclntyre.
Allied Printing Trades Counoil—R. B. .Net--
lands, Box 68.
Barbera—8. H. Grant, 1801 7tb Avenue W.
bartenders—11. Davis, Box 424,
uiackHtnlthB — Maidiitn Tuner, View
Mill I'. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1888 Thirty
fourth avenue east,
iiimthrt,,. i..- .,   i-'rasei,  ti&i  Howe St
Brewery Workers—Ciias. G. Austin, 782 7th
Ave. Eaat.
OtitKlayoia—William S. Dagnall, Room
_i&. Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Council—F. L. Baratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
CiKftrmakors—W. H. McQueen; care Kurtz
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Streot.
Cooka, Waiters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room ;nu, Labor Temple.
Eleotrleal Workera (outside)—B. H. Morrison. Room 207, Labor Temple.    .
Electrical Workers (Inilde)—Room 207; F.
L. Kstinghaunpu.
Engineers—E. Prendergaat, Room 116, Labor Temple.
itr-um-.- i.'utters—Edward Hurry, Onium-
M:i   Hr-M
Garment Workors—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Templo.
Halibut Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley,
Ull Gore avenue.
Horseshoers—Labor Temple.
Lettercarriera—Robt.  Wight,  Dlatrlct 68.
Latiiffera—■ Uuorgo Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Locomotive Firemen and Englneera—0. Howard, 607 Davie atreet.
Local I-InKiiiuers-—L. T. Solloway, 1157 Har-
wood.    Tel. Sey. 1348R.
Longshoremen—J. G Kelly, 10 Powell Street
Machinists—J. H, Brooks, Room 211, Labor
■Milk Drivers*—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west.
.d-iokmna—li. J. Brasfleld, Room 805, Labor
Moving Picture Operators—L. E. Goodman,
Labor Tomplo.
Palntera—do.   Weston,    Room    1103,    Labor
Plumbers—Room 20fl  1-2,    Labor   Temple.
Phone  Seymour 8611,    ,
Pressmen—r\ D. Edward, Lnimr Temple.
Plasterers—■John   Jamea   Cortiinh,   ind*
Kleventh Ave. Ktist.
Pattern   Makers—J.   Campbell,   4869  Ar-
gyle Street.
Wn.irry   uoiiters—Jnme«   Hepburn, care
i oh.mbla Hotel,
'tarmm.I   Trainmen—A.    _.     MoCorvill*.
U.iJt   243.
... -vi.)   i itrMien—A    Ui-hli     (Ud    Nel-f.ii
Statnan'a   Union—W.   S.   Hums,  P,  O,   Hon
136 5.
Structural Iron Workers—Room 208, Labor
Stonecutters—Jamea   Hay burn,   P.   O.   Box
Shoot Metal Workerg—J, W. Alexander, 2120
Ponder street enst.
Street Railway Employee!—Jamee E. Ortffln,
166 Twenty-flfth avenue eaat.
Stereotype™—-W. Bayley, cure Province.
Tplpwruphern—K   H. Pt-pnln, B»x  182.
Trades and Labor Council--Oeo. Bartley.
Room 210 tabor Temple.
TyiirmraptiicHl- H.   Net-Jntidf-    Box   (IB.
Tftllnri—C.   Mcrmttnlrt.   Box   Mfl
Thi-atriral Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tili'layrrs   and   Helpers--A. Jamleson,   640
Twenty-third avenuo east.
VnnPiMivci—Oflloo ai"l Chapel,
tow Qranvllle Pt.. Pimm* Rt*v ;mso
North VancMiivpr — Oill**.. nm!
Chatiel. 122—Hlxth St, Weet, 1-lmn**
Refined Service
one   Wool*   ivm   nf  Cnurt   Tiouifl
I'«h   ..f   Mitrt.-rn  Chapel   and
Funeral   Parlnra   frro   to all
Telephone Seymour 2426
Andrew Furuseth's Speech
(Continued from page 1)
ciety can keop itself alive on those conditional As the new concept of freedom came into the minds of the boys,
men left tho sea. The English men
have been quitting the sea. Out of two
hundred and tlfty thousand about one
hundred thousand are Orientals. As in-'
surance becumu a gamble, from l!*0!t
und 1914 more thnn five thousand hu-
mnn lives were lost in ptiSsenger vessels |
alone. Tho lute Joseph Chamborlain',
stated that when a ship is lost the!
owner nnd merchant may get more than
they lose.
Our Seaman's law wns tnken from
England. We tried to improve it again
! afterward. If thoy hnd beon permitted
to go on all the time Englishmen would
I have left the sea nnd you would have
[been helpless in the hands of your enemies. We want you to call the attention of the government of Canada nnd
of the United Kingdom to the law passed in the United States.
This is not the time to start agitation,
but when the wur is over we shnll expect you to do as we have dono. "Take
the devil by the board and say you
want to know what he is up to."
Provisions of New Law.
The Seaman's law gives seamen of
the different Countries tli<> right to get
wages und clothes, otc. If employei-1-1
renlize that they muy have to nay all
eventually but only half when the mon
leave the ship they will prefer to pay
the half. The law will wipe out the
conditions whii-li provide for arrest of
seamen wishing to leave n vessel. At
the present time if n vessel ciitnn into
Sail Francisco a captain could pick n
man out if he didn't want him, but if
he did want him he kept him by force.
Whttt do you think would be the con*
ditioti if Ihe Maintenance of Way men
were compelled to contract to work for
111 year and were sentenced to three
months' imprisonment for quitting work
Individually and collectively before that
itime? It would be tho sewage of hu-
Inutility that would take your jobs. I
have spoken to men in Liverpool who
looked like proverbial hooligans nnd
the same night I spoke to eight him-
1 fired in Wellington linll. These men
; have lost ull nnd they set the wage under which seamen must work. These
men set the pace, and when we go on
the vessel we must do the work for the
Orientals. The real Englishman is quitting the sen nnd I glory in his ncHun.
He wouldn't be n real Englishman if he
didn 't.
Driving White Sailors Out.
The American lias left tho nen long
ago, Everything is arranged to drive
the white mnn off the ocean, and then
will pass tho sen power of the white
race. We have been making the fight
In all countries, wo are fow and we
have no votes because our men »rc on
the sea. We have no appletn-ci to
shake for the benefit of politicians. We
are up against the shipowners of the
His Closing Appeal.
"We come to you as blood of your
blood, and bone of your bonc,|niid appeal to you us the women and men of
Canada, to bring our desires to the attention of the governments of Canada
and of tho British Empire, so (hut the
sailor may again ho free, nnd the slavery of the oca be banished for ever. If
this is not done, sea power will not vanish; but it will pass into the hands of
other nations as it hns done before in
history for the same reasons; nnd with
its 'passing will go most of tlie things
which make for progress in a world
which con ill afford to sacrifice any ono
of them."
Men are buying them nt Spencer's because, ia spite of the scarcity,
this storo hns a plentiful quantity and, furthermore, they were bought
before the tremendous advance 'n wools, which is the despair of merchants who ure having to buy now, and which places these Spencer coats
outside the pale of competition. f
We have a coat to suit your purse because our stocks are complete, but
everyone seems to want these better grade/wool coats.
AT $3.60 —' A medium heavy-.
weight, warm, serviceable coat
that will give splendid wear; V
neck, ir plain brown and tan,
trimmed with brown.
AT $5.96—Heavy pure wool coat
sweaters; Norfolk shape with
shawl collar, in dark crimson; a
superb garment.
AT 13.96—Heavy all-wool coat
sweaters, with shawl collar, in
plain brown; also smoke, trimmed
with maroon and grey trimmed
with green.
AT 96.60—A heavy pure wool
coat in the ordinary' style with
shawl collar, in crimson, brown
ttnd grey.
David Spencer Limited
10 f.F-:'Ncir« lti..
oavId »>'km;i-r   tin
11 \J 1 J-* J-» New — Modern — Fireproof
i-\J 1   UO   VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under tho management of W. V. MOBAN
Room with detached bath  .11.00'per der up
Rcom with privete bath  .$1.50 per der tip
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Our electric motor bus meets ell boats end trains free
LOTUS GRILL-4)pen Continuously
FIMJ!  1  n.m. to MIDNIGHT
Music from 0.30 to 8.80 end 10 to midnight
Phone Seymour 8880
New Electric Auto Bus Meets ell Beete end Trains Free
, Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Most
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ;  100 with Private Baths
EUROPEAN PLAN, *1.00 per Day up.
J. Mc6IU.IV ARY, Proprietor
60 outside, bright, airy rooms
Two blocks from Labor Temple and Depot
404-406 Cordova Street, West
Corner Homer Street Vancouver, B. C.
HOTfcL REGENT it"">""f1> '••r«p«-°'* L°<*ai »nd i.Ui,„.i.,„,„„.,
.r„.        . ...   Phone In Every Hooin.Caf. In Connection. ll«t,«
$1.00 pur <ln.v .11.    Attractive Kates to Permanent Quests.
Oottinghsm It Butty, Proprietors ise Hastings Street Best
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 T 25 Cents
32 Hides at 32 Rides on Your Having On
♦1 tnvostmont
A 5 Cent Fure
Tnngo Tickots
$1.60    $1.00      60c
Tango Tickets Are^ Now On Sale
They aro nold hy conductors on tbe cars, at tbe B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Hastings streeta and 1138 Oranvllle street; tbe Company's
Interurban Termlnnls at Hastings and Carrall streets and south end of
Granville street bridge; Depotmaster's Offlce at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at tbe
places of business of the following firms throughout the city:
Woodward's   Dept.   Stores     (Drug
JM>t.) Al-l-ott Stri-ft Corner
Spencer'i   Dept.    Store    (Outiler'H
otllco,  Information   Uur-uihu and K*-
ch»HKfl I)-"!-U). near Hkliarrif..
Wood'l Pharmacy—Seymour Strwt
Datupbel) i Fharn-i-cy —  Oranvllle
Street corner.
Owl Drogatoie—Main Street corner.
Harriion7!  Drug  Store—Near  Car-
rail atreet
Browne    *    Beaton,      Drngfrleia,
Pender itreet corner.
Ltw'i    Drugitore — Harrli itreet
Owl     Drugstore   —   Abbott   itreet
Owl    Drugitore  — Dunlevy itreet
(EDglllh Bay)
Torrence Drugitore — DiTle it reel
Hildaon'i Bay Oo.  A)] department!
Gnorgld itreet corner.
Gordon  Dryidale's   (Notion    Coun*
ter)  near Duniinulr.
Owl Drugitore ■— Dunsmuir street. ,
Hariinon-a    Drugstore —    Kobmn
itreet corner
Browne A Beaton, dniKgfiti, Davie
street corner.
Pill Box Drugitore — Nelion itreet
Law'i Drugstore  — Davie    atreet
Harrlion'i      Drugitore — Pender
street  corner.
Harrlion'i   Drugstore — Qranvllle
street   and   Heventh   avenue.
Law'i Drugitore — Near Broadway
Campbell'! Drugstore — Broadway
nnd Commercial Drive.
Mitchell'i   Confectionery—   Georgia
h'-vi-i entrance.
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St.
Near Davie PAGE POUR
Great Sale
of Men's
Actual $6.00 to
$9.00 values,
selling for
—every pair is of the wanted kind—-made by reliable manufacturers in
tne United States and Canada—-right up to date in style; made on the
London und New York flnt recede tne lasts, in black and tan, and on
the popular medium high, round too lust in box calf, gunmetal calf, tan
Russia and viseal calf, with double soles, half double soles, rubber Holes
und viscbllzod waterproof soles with rubber heclB. Every pair perfect,
and sold to our patrons with the same guarantee of satisfaction as
though tho regular price wns being paid for them.   Sale prico $4.76
mC*MM*«riB    thtt        HMMUT I HlMlflcT Wll C-BHHUUBMB .
Granville and Georgia Streets
The Price to Pay
for Good Clothes
We advise you to pay at least $20
for a suit or overcoat; not beeause of
the $20 we may get, but beeause of
the clothes you will get,
Semi-Ready Tailoring is satisfying
thousands of the best dressed men.
Semi-Ready clothes sell as low as $15
and as high as $35. At every price
the full value is in the garment.
-Suits for men and
young men, $15 to
Overcoats for men
and young men, $15
to $40.
Single Trousers, $4
to $8.
Full Dress Suits, $25
to $50.
Morning Coats, $25.
Tuxedo Suits. $25 to
Tuxedo  Coata,   $18.
Special Orders—'in 4
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
High-class and painless dentistry at very moderate prices, which anyone can afford—
Oold Crowns, 22k M-00
Gold Bridgework, per tooth $4.00
Porfect Fitting Plates, each S5.00
Porcelain ratings, each $1.00
Amalgam tilings, each Sl.00
Teeth extracted free of pain.
All work guaranteed for TEN YEAB8.
Offlce open every evening from 7 to 8 p.m.
Phone Seymour 3381 Offlce:  101 Bank of Ottawa Building
To The Trades Unions of British Columbia
Despite tbe industrial depression and financial stringency we feel we should mako a special effort to inorease the
circulation of The British Columbia Federationist, official
organ of the labor movement of Vancouver and Province of
British Columbia. To this end we ask the various labor organizations to take up the question of subscribing for The
Federationist by means of the payment of a per capita tax
on each member of ten cents per month, to be collected from
each member when he or she pay their monthly dues. We
feel confident that hundreds of trades unionists would be
willing to pay for the paper in this way, and would support
a movement in your organization along that line.
If the labor organizations of the city would take this
matter up and get their entire membership on the subscription list of The Federationist, the added circulation would
give the paper a standing in Vancouver that no other paper
could possibly have. The amounts collected from the members of your union could be forwarded to The Federationist
office monthly, or at such times as are mutually agreed upon,
and the papers would be sent to the home of each subscriber. In this way a labor paper can be made the power it
ought to be in this city and province in building up the
movement industrially and politically.
Have your organization take the matter up as speedily
as possible and let us know your decision in the matter.
B.C. Federationist, Labor Temple Bldg. Vancouver, B.C.
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
BAULKY & SONS,  151  Ilmtinm Stroot .' Hrriiiiiiii* ale
BLOOHBBRGER, P. R-. 319 Broadway East Fairmont 208
BI1AND &  I'KKKV,  029 Pender Street. Welt   Seymour 2578
IIL'IIRAHD   Pl'BI.IHIIINO   CO.,   711   Seymour   Street    Seymour   8530
CHINOOK   PRINTING  CO.,  4801  Main  Street    Fairmont   1874
CLARK K &   STUART.  320  Soymour  Street   .., Soymonr  8
COMJIKRC1AL PRINTING * PUBLISHING CO,  ..World Building, Boy. 4686-87
COWAN ft imooKIIUUHK, Labor Temple Building Seymour 4490
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 437 Dummuir Street Seymour 1106
EVANS ft HASTINGS. Arte and Crafts Bids., Soymour St Seymour 5650
GRANDVIKW PRINTERS, 1443 Commercial Highland 741L
JEWELL, .NI. L, 841 Pender St Seymour 1444
KERSHAW, J. A., 639 Howe St Seymour 8674
LATTA, R P.. 333 Gore Aye Soymour 1089
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8851 Main St Fairmont 1988
McLEAN * SHOEMAKER, North Vanconyor N. Van. 58
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Robson Sta Seymour 4543
NEWS-ADVERTISER. 301 Pender St Seymour 1028.41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouvor N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Seymour 9602
PEARCE A HODGSON, 618 Hamilton Street Seymour 2928
ROEDDE, G. A, 616 Homer Street ' Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 317 Cambie St Seymour 6509
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 2408 Westmlnater Road Fairmont 1140
THOMSON STATIONERY, 826 Haatinga W Seymour 8620
TIMMS, A. H, 230 Fourteenth Ave. E Fairmont 82IR
WESTERN PRESS, 323 Cordova W Seymour 7668
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO, 831 Dunemulr St.. Seymour 8626
WHITE k BINDON, 167-159 Cordova St Seymour 1216
Writ* -'Unloa I*W oa Tour Ooyy whan Too Sand It to tba Printer
Department Was Created to
Handle the Workmen's
In Competition with the Old
Companies Balance
Shows Credit
[By W. II. Ahem]
The Btate of Victoria, Australia, established a government insurance department on September 7, 1914, mainly
to cany out the work' necessary under
the Workmen's Compensation act.
Experiment Was Justified.
Although it entered a' field that had
been held for many years by private in
surance companies, the first balance
sheet, now just issued, shows that it
has justified its existence. The profit
and loss account shows that claims have
been paid amounting to $0480, nnd
others aggregating $5550 nre still outstanding. Unearned premiums are put
down at $71,800. The net premiums received amounted to $187,510j after allowing for reinsurance, rebates and refunds.
Premiums Cheap; Policies Liberal.
A balance of $21,225 is carried forward, which represents the profit for the
year. In other words, the government
has saved this amount to the people, besides giving the people u fairer deal
than they would havo got from the private companies. The premium rates
charged by the Victorian state government are the cheapest in Australia or
New Zealand, and from what can be
seen, the policy issued1 by the government is about the most liberal we have
in the southern hemisphere.
He Tbat Lovoth a Book.
He that loveth a book will never be
without a faithful friend, a wholesome
counsellor, a cheerful companion, an effectual comforter. By study, by reading, by thinking, one may innocently
divert and pleasantly entortain himself
as in all weathers, so in all fortunes,—
Isaac Barrow.
Their Domestic and Industrial Interests
Require Political Power.
[By Flora M. Beals]
"Enough to live on and to rnise workers to take our places"—this is tho
value of our labor power, if we are
wage workers.
But "woman's work" is unpaid labor. It hns no recognized standard of
value. The "enough to live on nnd to
raise more workers" to take her place
must therefore be included in the
wages of her mate.
Inequality of Wages.
The difference in the pay checks
handed out to the man and to the woman working together, performing the
same t'aska proves this to be true. Society concodes his right to build nnd
people his nest by making provision
for it—(though usually inadequate.)
She is supposed to work a few years,
"nnd then"—to enter upon an indefinite period of dependence for herself
and potential family. The wnges which
the man and the woman reeeiee at tho
end of the week's work bear silent witness to this fact.
Both Are Necessary.
The home is impossible without both
the masculine and the feminine attributes. Man furnishes the raw material
for its construction1—woman's skill
erects the structure. Both contributions
are essential. The one must compliment
the other. Why Bhould not society recognize them nt their true worth! Why
should not both have their Btandard of
Will equal suffrage change this condition!
Women's Votes Alter Things.
One of the "first things" to be done
in the countries where woman hns been
granted the ballot wns the equalization
of wages for like service of the sexes
in the government employ.
The ballot is simply a too] which shnll
enable woman to carve from life the
better destiny of her children. She is
thus using it in the plncos where she is
allowed the opportunity. She needs
more light, and with broader vision will
come the greater conception of her relation to society.
Stands as a Guarantee of
Humane   Working
Is Public Assurance Against
the Evils of the Sweat
Shop System
Question Will Be Raised by
the California State
Japanese Delegates May Expect a Good Deal of
The question of Asiatic exclusion will
be ono of tho main topics of discussion
at the annual convention of tho Amori-
[oan Federation of Labor, to beheld in
San Francisco next month.
Tlie matter will be introduced by the
California delegates, who will nsk that
the American Federation of Lnbor at
the next session of congress to attempt
to hnve the Chinese Exclusion aet
amended so ns to include nil Asintics.
From California State.
Resolutions to this effect were adopt-
[By Walter McArtbur]
Uses of Union Label to Trade Unions.
It is invulnerable to the injunction,
the lockouts and the blacklist.
It facilitates organization by increasing the demand for the products of organized workers.
It constitutes recognition of the
union by making certain the recognition
of union products. .
It protects the trnde union against attack by constituting the purchaser an
indirect employer.
It is the most economical agency ofjod at the recent eonvention of the Call-
trnde union work, its cost being little fornia State Federation of Labor, and
compared to its results. the delegato to the American Federa-
It is a constant reminder of the com- j tion of Labor eonvention instructed to
mon interest and common duty of all introduce same and work for its adop-
trades  unionists  in  and  toward  each tion by the A. F. of L. convention,
other, and a certain guide in tho dis- \    Whilo desiring the exclusion of all
chnrge of that duty. j Asiatics, the California trade unionists]
represented by the California Stute
Federation of Labor, express themselves as willing to do all in their powor
to nssist the Japanese in their own
country to organize.
Uses to the Employer.
It is the best medium for advertising.
It is advertising that costs nothing.
The union pays for it.
It guarantees full returns on tho outlay in the form of increased business. The Japanese Delegates.
It enlists the support of unions, their. This explanation wns made by the
members nnd friends. I delegates  who introduced  tho Asiatic
It insures stability in business, be- j exclusion resolution in the convention of
cause the principles it stands for are,the California State Federation of La-
sound, enduring and unchangeable, (bor  at   Santa   Rosa   two   weeks   ago,
It saves time and talk in making i where two Japanese, B. Suzuki and S.
sales. It sells itself, and it rarely de-1 Yoshmatsu were seated ns frnternnl
ceives the purchaser. j delegates from the Laborers' Friendly
It signifies merit in the article—the Society of Japan.   Two weeks ago the
merit of good, clean workmanship—as gan  Francisco  Labor   Council,   by   a
well as decent treatment of employees.  | tions which favored admitting to this
Uses to the Public, -tions which favored admitting to the
Tl . .... ,,   '    - j U. S. A. a limited number of Asintics
It is essentially an emblem of peace,      h nnd   rovided for thoir natur.
both in suggestion and in practice. JalizatJon alth6Jgh but a ahort time
It directs and concentrates public sen- ioug th» L bo* Council ftCCOrdJ n
imen against the evils peculiar to c«- h rt welcomo to tho Japaneao repri3.
tain industries and against the evita t-' th Laborers) Friendly Socfety
common to many industries. \aP T««nn
It is the medium through which the
public may enforce its power or arbitrament between employer and employee.
of Japan,
Will A. F. of L. Seat Them.
There seems to be some doubt as to
whether  the  American  Federation  of
Labor Temple Directors' Meeting.
The regular monthly meeting of the
directors of Vancouver Lnbor Temple
Co., Ltd,, will bo held this evening in
room 211.
A tminiHwil, n provincial nn'l n federal
l«rtlon wtll tnlfp iilncp during the next few
mnpfhu. TlnlnHR TOU nro olnsnlflefl with thr
TmttnnR, IiitmIIcr nn<l propertvines women,, re-
\y\%itv* «t nit*-**-. T)n it now or hold yonr pennon election dayi
Coal mining rights of tho Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, thu Yukon Torirtory, the NorthwoBt Territories and
in a portion of tho province of British Columbia, may bo leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Nut
moro than 2,500 acres will be leased to ono
Applications for l.-usc must be made by the
applicant in porsun to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district in which the rights applied
■or are situatol.
In survey .-il territory the land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in untturveyed territory the
tract applied for shnll be staked by tbe applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of $*>. which will be refunded if the
rights applied fur are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The peisim operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns Accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coat mined nod pny tho royalty thereon. If
the ennl mining rights are not helng operated,
such ret urns should be furnished nt least once
a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may bo considered necessary for the gorging
of the mine nt tho rate or $10 an ncre.
Por  full   iinrticulorshesdETAOINUNTAWD
For full information application should be
made to tlie Hecrotary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. H.  CORY.
Deputy Minister of tbo Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication nf this advertisement will not l» peld for—80690
It is the inspiration, the guide-post ]ini,or convention will seat the fraternal
and the rallying point of the energetic delegates from Japan. B. Suzuki, one
and conscientious women in every com-, 0f the delegates, recently visited Wash-
munity. It makes possible the Women 's.jngton, D. C, where he interviewed
Union Label league. -    , Samuol QomperB, president of tho Amor-
It ia peculiarly adapted to the nnture icnn Federation of Labor, and some of
of that factor which typifies the high- the members of the executive council of
est morality and controls the purchns-1 the A. F. of L. Suzuki himself does
ing power of every commodity, to wit, {not know whether the credentials of he
the mistress of the household. ! ana his colleague will be received by
It appeals not to force, but to reason;; the A. F. of L. However, he was much
establishes confidence in plnce of fenr;! pleased with his interview with Prosi-
makes no one ashamed; but, on the con-uient Gompers, who is well-known to
trary, invites nnd encourngeii tho peo-'have said that if it is agreeable to the
pie to take pride in well-doing. ! California trade unionists the Japanese
It organizes  tho  purchasing power delegates will be received by the con-
upon   lines   of   decent   conditions   for vention.
labor, as against those conditions thnt! .
destroy the health nnd morality of the B „   w u   H     „ „ , d
producer and endanger the well-being1    _      „   	
of tho purchaser Bert v° Weile, at one timo secretary
It is an appeal'to principle—principle ■ of "«• Greenwood, B. C., union of tho
that is above price; the principle that a Western Foderaticin of Miners, well-
dollar expended in tho maintenance of -"""V1 ns "' "■"-'J ■»* in that district, is
lnbor is worth more in tho end thnn n nowln oomo at Shorncliffo, Englnnd, he
dollnr saved at tho bargain counter.       11*"**"**. enlisted for service in tho Cnna-
It is the "in Hoc Signo VinceB" of dinn contingent.   Before taking up the
the crusndo to rescue tho child from  K'°rk ™ !"otaI mimilg, Mr. De Weile
the workshop, fnctory and mill; the wn* had served several yenrs in the army,
man from   sweat   shop   and tenement'
houses nnd the millions of lnbor from
the clutches of greed, degradation nnd
Ask always for Union Label products.
Labor Temple Vancouver
When ln Need of Printing,
or Book-Binding Try Us.
Telephone Seymour 4490
Each Week
And South Wellington
Wo sell only the best quality Wood
and Coal—wo give honest weight and
in addition we nre giving away free $25
cash prizes weekly.
Full printed particulars on the back
of each delivery note,
Every purchaser has the samo chance
to win the first prize of $10.
Phone your orders to
BAYVIEW 1076-1077
You may win a
Prize of $10.00
iat—12,556  S10
2nd—   325   $5
Srd—12,637   $2
4th—    323   $2
5th—11,861    .'. $2
6th—      11     $2
7th—    402    $2
Telephone 895
Wholesale, retail snd family trado
Corn" -**"SMe and Front Striata
Sells in the usual way
at $1.75 a bottle, now
—make a delicious and nutrioipus hot drink for cold weather. Koeps out
the cold, and builds up strength, and is pronounced by connoissours to
be unequalled as to flavor, taste and nutriment. Alwaya ready—simply put a teaspoonful in a cup or glass, and add hot water, and salt and
pepper to tnste,
—All high-class restaurants nnd hotels sell it; For sale in our Grocery
Per bottle, $1.00; regular $1.75 value
Latest reports from the firing line tolls tho good news that "DIBTT
PLACE," situated near "EVEBY PLACE" has gladly surrendered to
the mighty leader "Col. Boyal Crown," for the last forty years has successfully beaded the forces of all Soaps, Washing Powder, Naptha, and
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
18-20 Cordova St W. and 444 Main St
     Vancouver, B. C.
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Firjt   .„,„ Large fast American Steamers under Ameiican flag
Class $95.00 "St. Louis" Nov. 13th
.      , PC*    "Philadelphia" Nov. 20th
n       tfil M) \   \    "s*' paul"  Nov. 27th
Class   •Pro-UwOsVi "New'York" Deo.   4th
Third *.« «« "St. Louis" Deo. llth
Class   $W.UU and every Saturday thereafter
Company's Offices : 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
Jingle Pot Coal
LUMP  $6.50 NUT    $5.50
Now is the time to put in your winters supply
Phone: Seymour 1936
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what Its name, unlnas It tieara a
plain and readable trapreeslon or thla stamp
All ihoes without the Union Stamp arr
alwaya Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Huatim. mimh
J F Tobln, Prea.    C. L. Blaine, Sei: -Treea
or moro—members of any trudea union in Canada may have
mailed to their individual addresses for $ J a year
Union Secretaries Please Note.
Apple Cider Apple Cider Apple Cider
No Need to Send to Ontario or Elsewhere,
Keep your Money in B. 0.
Our first two (Milords of new npbhoii'h pure B. C. Cidor.tbD juice of B, O. apples,
itrown in BrltlHli Columbia orchards by British Columbia farmers, from the famous
Mciiitndh nnd Wo-.lthy varietius, direct from the presHeH.
Apple juice Is the most valuable of all food juices, as it not only contains fond
proportioH, out Is the most useful of all tonics. In places where Cider is the prevailing beverage it has long been regarded as tho cradle of male and female beauty.
A great preventative and cure for rheumatism,   No family should be without a keg-
We are now putting down our now pack of B. C. BAUER KEAUT, made from
Lulu Island's choicest cabbage.
Factory: 1866-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 286 Est. 1904 Vancouver, BV O.*


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items