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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 19, 1915

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SE\^NTH*YEAR, No. 47
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$1.50 PER YEAB
Party System of Government Has Proved a
Ghastly Failure
Noble Lord's Enlightening
Comment on Uses of
Citizen Army
Fred Bancroft Explains
Congress Work To
Big Convention
Tells How Recent Convention Here Viewed
The Big War
[By W. M. C]
Many of our idols nnd institutions are
going into the melting pot these days;
not because of any laudable desire to
test their worth, but beeause of the national exigencies developed by the war.
Among them may be noted the party
system of government. Following the
lead of Britain, France has now formed
a' coalition cabinet in an .endeavor to
abate factional strife, and to consolidate the purposes of the nation. And
further, by way of innovation, has
placed men at the head of departments
who had at least somo knowledge and
experience in the business under their
This is as it should be, under any 'system of governmont; or of administration
—which is another matter. The idea
that any favorite political nincompoop
can assume control of some department
of a nation's affairs, becauso of his
flowing locks and flowery oratory, and
develop over night the necessary genius
hnd knowledge to pose as the fountain-
head of wisdom in that particular
sphere, is one of our long-nursed fallacies that are sadly in need of weaning,
or possibly choloroforming.
Oould Not Stand It.
No private business could stand it,
and expect to live as long ns the proverbial snowball in the regions of brimstone and high temperatures. The party
system is a jokej a national joko as well
as a party joke; and results in the acme
of ineflicioncy, which appears to be its
only reason for existence and perpetuation. A parliament should bo the business administration of a nation, and
only those who understand the business
should be sent there, irrespective of
their religious, political or other beliefs.
Any change in the constitution or system could then be met by the initiative
and referendum method of legislation,
without' the deterring and stifling effects
of the party whip. The present method
of conducting affairs through the medium of an aggregation of college-fed
lawyers is tho result of a nursery myth,
on a paf with "Jack the Giant Killer"
and the "Cow that jumped over the
moon." If tho party system cannot produce the necessary efficiency in time of
war, can it reasonably be expected to do
so in timos of peaco, so-called f
Home, Sweet Home.
Ton by twelve, and a seven feot roof;
a door that won't shut, nnd a window
that won't open; two bedsteads with
rock-filled mattresses and quilts that
have long ago celebrated their '' golden
wedding days"; a chair of questionable
stability; a row of nails where the
dress suits ought to hang soparately—
but they mostly hang together on the
floor; a collection of crack's and crevasses specially provided by the ingenious builder for the ingress and egress
of several battalions of alien enemies of
the genus bed-bug; and a few sweet-
scented sooke.
For trimmings: A cat that is a sure
"eat"; a dog that is "dog," and nothing more; and a gramophone of the
gramo-phonist kind provided, and mani-
Sulated by one of the star "guests."
uch is "Home, Sweet Home" in
metalliferous mining camp—and nothing
humble about itl   How dare you tty to
destroy it, you vulgar Boshulist fellah f
Very Unfortunate Isn't. It
The martial music of some of the
..charging battalions at the front is
rather interesting, and often appropriate. So also is much of tho martial
music to which they are supposed to
charge, according to various unreliable
A Scotch minister, the other day told
his congregation, with great' gusto,
about "an English regiment which en-J
terod upon a bayonet charge singing,'
'There Is a Green Hill Far Away!11''
The second verse, as this true Christian
said, "showed the real spirit of the
BrltlBh soldier: 	
'Oh, dearly, dearly has He loved, and
we must love Him too,
/ And trust in His redeeming blood, and
try hiB work to do.' "
What a rovivaliBtic ecstacy must' this j
regiment of proselytising missionaries
have felt as they converted tho 'Orrible
'ITnB at tho point of the bayonet—if it
were true. Is it far more likely that
they wore warbling "tt's the Wrong
Way to Tickle Mary," or some Bimilar
national anthem. But our friends of
the reversed haberdashery must' have
their little texts. .
State Ship Insurance.
While government ownership, under a
system of capitalism, can by no manner
of means be confused with social ownership, yet it is always a step beyond private ownership; and, in the case of the
war-scare-mongoring munition manufacturers, would eliminate one of the
- causes of war. In this regard, the following extract taken from a recent roport of the United States treasury department is interesting:
"The operation of the bureau of war-
rish insurance in the treasury department, during its flrst year just closed,
demonstrates, despite persistent claims
• to the contrary, that the government
can conduct a private business enterprise economically, efficiently and profitably."
The premiums received were $2,004,-
605.65; and the net losses paid $695,-
420.08, leaving a surplus of premiums received of $1,300,274.67. Which surplus,
of course, under the present system, can
be pork-barrelled; but the principle still
holds good.
Valuable Neutrality.
The market value of thirteen representative companies in the United
States directly benefited by war orders
Fred Bancroft, the fraternal delegate
from the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada to the American Federation of
Labor, which is now in session at San
Francisco, in addressing that body said
in part:
How It Started
To the student of the development of
America, as viewed from the standpoint
of our Canadian brothors, one period
stands out pre-eminent in its importance. This was the period during which
the great national organizations of the
United States opened their charters to
Canadian members and made!them international in character. From that
period commences the real development
of tho trade union movement' in Canada.
The history of the trade union movement in the United States goes back
well over 100 years. Thore was a local
organization of boot and shoe workers
in Now York in about 1796.
Foresight of Pioneers
The period of whieh I speak was after
tho civil war, commencing from 1860
and onward. The history of the trade
union movement in America from that
period to the year 1881, from which the
conventions of the A, F. of L, date, is
most interesting and a subject on which,
however, many of you are better able to
dwell upon than mysolf. What I do desire to point out is the great foresight
of the loaders of the movement here at
that time, when with prophetic vision,
they undertook to throw around tho
trado unionist of Canada the protecting*!
armour of the national organizations of [
that time. It has been because of that
action that the labor movement in Canada has grown to the dimensions and
power it enjoys today.
Canada Ib Debtor
, It is a well-known fact that your
members in Canada have never paid in
the aggregate any more thnn a comparatively small proportion of the great
sums of money spent by tho international unions in benefits, organization
and development of the labor movement
in Canada; yet there aro mistaken individuals, gradually growing less in num-,
ber, who in ignorance of the facts, and
in face of the blessings of designing employers, imagine that a separatist movement is going to help them. Under the
protecting strength of tho great national organizations of the United
States, made international by opening
the charters to Canadian wage earners,
has tho movement in Canada grown, under that' they will remain, each year
growing stronger and more able to meet
some of the obligations incurred, until
the time when the great population in
Canada, you will gain from us in
strength as much, perhaps, as has been
Conditions Bad Before War
Contrary to what many think, it waB
not the war which brought about the
industrial depression in Canada. Before
war broke out unemployment stalked
abroad, and the winter of 1914-15 was
looked forward to by those in the labor
movement in touch direct with the membership, ub one sure to produce one of
tho worst unemployed problems Canada
had ever seen.
Some Of The Seasons
Permit me to give you an explanatory
glimpse. Canada's borrowings before
war broke out resulted in this, that
Canada had to find $150,000,000 a year
in interest alone to meet her obligations.
The variouB governments and other in*
terested parties had fostered immigration to such an extent, that the Dominion could not posBibly flnd employment
for the newcomers. Steamboat companies, railway companies, etc., undoubtedly were reaping a rich harvest, but
the problem of the labor market and its
gluttednoas didn't seem to interest
The repeated wnrnings and protest of
the labor movement was unavailing.
Positively, the labor movement in Canada, has no objoction to legitimate immigration and never haa had. ""But it
does object to the misrepeBentation
which induces many to leave good
homes, and eome to a market where
they are placed in tho position of being
worse off, as well as being used as much
as possible -by unscrupulous employers.
So tho labor market was glutted, tho
money market became tight, and Canada
camo face to face with the proposition
of standing on her own feet financially,
and providing tho wealth to meet her
obligations without borrowing more
money to do it with. It wasn't overproduction, not at all.
Wbat It Means
One hundred and fifty million dollars
interest on borrowed money. You know
what that moans in straight financing!
It means that' tho wage earners of Canada must produce $150,000,000 of wealth
a year, before they produce anything
for themselveB. And who owns the
wealth which has been borrowed on the
basic credit of the people!   The wage
has increased 492 millions since January
1. Some more Bothschilds in the making herel   /
Lord We' Thank Thee.
Lord Methuen, in the London Times,
declaring in favor of compulsory cadet
graining, pointed out that in South Africa, where tbe system wns adopted in
the formation of a citizen army, thiB
force "scotched a strike and quelled
rebellion.'' Which is quite concise and
clear, and to the point, and requires no
college education to understand. We
have long had "doot'sw about the purpose of theae "citizen" armies; but are
quite willing to accept tho noble lord's
authoritative and pungent statement aB
the correct one—and the one to act
earners? Not a bit of it. Bailway corporations, financial corporations, and
the great manufacturing interests. History will show to any one who will take
the time to peruse it, that great manufacturing eras have followed all great
wars. Of course they do. It is necessary that thie wage earners produce
more wealth to pay the great national
debts incurred in the struggle. In face
of the financial situation on this continent, and in the shadow of the terrible
struggle in Europe, isn't it a standing
indictment of those entrusted with the
government' of great nations! Could labor governments do any worse! I)o the
ideals and aspirations of the labor movement not suggest a tremendous improvement in the world's relations if the
power was obtained to make them effective!
Canada After Tbe War
A man is considered rash who attempts to predict the future, but one
fact.seems to stand out clearly, that
Canada must grow industrially after
this war is over, to produce the wealth
to meet her obligations. She is destined
to havo treraendouB Increase in population. It will be necessary for the wage
earners to be gathered into the fold of
international trades unionism, to insure
the onward march of the movement ih
Canada with increased strength and
powor, reflecting the spirit of those who
have to well built already.
As To The "Lemon" Act
With regard to legislation. In view
of what happened at our recent convex
tion I would consider myself lacking in
frankness if I didn't mention a piece of
legislation in which many of you are
interested, namely, the Industrial Disputes Investigation act. It was only
just prior to our recent convention that
we were able to obtnin from the hon.
ininistor of labor, draft copies of the
amendments to the legislation which
have been foreshadowed for so long. A
special committee of the congress was
appointed to doal with the whole question, and the minister of labor was in
attendance, and endeavored to answer
the many questions, which the commit'
tee and the delegates bombarded him
with for many hours. ,
A motion to ask for the repeal of tho
act was defeated by a vote of 97 to 55.
That is, the committee reported non-
concurrence in the resolution, and the
report of the committee was carried by
the vote mentioned.
Tho action -of the congress on the
whole subject waa as follows:
'' Thnt tho matter of the Industrial
Disputes Investigation act be referred
to the executivo council with instructions to securo the necessary interpretations from competent counsel and that
when the act comes before the House,
the executivo council bo authorized to
bring to Ottawa . such officers as if
deems necessary to assist in combating
the objectionable, and supporting the
favorable amendments.''
Opinion About It Divided
It is onty fair to say, and I have bad
somo experience on boards of investigation and conciliation under this legislation, that' thero is a very divided opinion upon itB merits among the organizations in Canada. Some are very bitterly
opposed to it, and others are just as
stout advocates of it. On the other
hand there are those who take the position that the government will not repeal
it; therefore it is best to seek amendments to it.
An Important Point
Thoro is one section of the proposed
legislation, upon which I took the opportunity at our recent convention to
draw to the attention of the hon. minister of labor. It is a section by which
it seems to me, that an international
officer from the United States may be
prevented from advising an organization
belonging to his international union during strike preliminaries, with the penalty of a very heavy fine'or imprisonment. The minister of labor cannot seo
it in that light. It will be remembered
though that some years ago in the Canadian senate, a body which we would
be delighted to wish upon you, an attempt was made to pass legislation
which would have prevented an international officer from the United States
from taking any part in industrial trouble in Canada. It looks to me as if the
same idea could be read into the section
of which I speak. I would advise tbat
you procure, if possible, copies of the
draft act, v read it carefully and- consider it.
Would Apply It to U, 8. A.
It is also true that legislation passed
in Canada has an indirect influence upon
our brothers here, as evidenced by the
desire in some quarters to wish the Industrial Disputes Investigation act upon
you. On the other hand it is also true
that legislation passed here has an indirect influence in Canada. For instance,
at a recent meeting of industrial insurance commissioners at Seattle from
various states of the union, and at
which a commissioner from the Ontario
Workmen's Compensation board was
present, it was decided as far as possible to adopt a uniform system of classification of industries, and so on which
would facilitate comparison of costs,
etc., in administration of workmen's
compensation legislation.
Ontario Compensation Aet.
So that your administrations hero
will be compared with the ones in Canada. We havo had in operation since
last January 1st in Ontario what has
been credited with being one of the finest piecoa of workmen's compensation
legislation in existence. I could speak
at length on that matter, but prefer to
wait for the first year's report of its
operation. The province of Nova Scotia
passed a bill along similar lines Inst
year. British Columbia has laid a bill
before tho legislature, modelled upon
tho Ontrio act, which it is proposed to
deal with at the forthcoming session
during the next few months. A special
committeo of the government is now
touring; the United States and Canada,
gathering information for the purpose
of advising the government.
Manitoba Would Follow
Tho workmen in the province of Manitoba are holding conferences with the
employers over tho Manitoba legislation
which will bo introduced into the Manitoba legislature at nn early date. It is
probable that within a year or two
overy province in Canada will havo legislation modelled upon the Ontario net,
with Improvements as thoy can bo obtained. ThlB Is Borne of tho work of
the TradeB and Labor X!on gross of Canada, the legislative work in Canada of
the international trade union movement.
For not only is the work done from a
federal and provincial standpoint, but
also from a municipal standpoint. Labor representatives successfully breaking into the municipal councils, and
their influence is being felt far and
Rev. Oeo. D. Ireland,
civic relief officer, will be
the speaker at next Sunday evening's public meeting in Labor Temple, at
8.15 o'clock. The meeting
will be held under the auspices of the "People's Forum, a subsidiary organization of the Trades and
Labor council.
The committee in charge
of the programme consists
of Dels. J. 13. Wilton,
chairman; Geo. H. Hardy
and Jas. Campbell.
On this occasion the
committee will endeavor
to provide 'music during
the evening. Trade unionists ahd their friends, including the ladies, are invited.
The hall- is well-heated,
well lighted and comfortable—and the elevator will
be running. If the attendance warrants it, it is the
intention* of the central la-
Vbor body to continue these
Sunday evening meetings
throughout, the winter
Last Sunday's address
by Dr. Wesbrook was a
classic, and should have
been heard by every unionist in .Vancouver.
Mr. Ireland's subject for
next Sunday has not been
announced, but he is sufficiently well known as a
public speaker to need no
introduction by The Federationist. Come along and
bring your friends.
Oriental Labor Envoy
Given a Voice But
Not Vote
Tells Convention About Conditions of Labor in
Far Japan
The two delegates who came from the
labor unions of Japan to tho American
Federation of Labor convention, were
not given a vote, but were afforded the
opportunity of addressing the gathering.
In view of the varied impressions ,which
their presence in California has given
riae to, the following speech by ono of
them—Mr. B. Suzuki—was looked forward to with great intereat.
He said:
I come here representing the Laborer's Friendly Society of Japan, with
the message of good will to you, my
American comrades.
For Those Who Doubt.
When I say that I "represent a labor
organization in Japan,'' some of you
may doubt if thero is any labor organization in my country. Furthermore,
there may be others who wonder whether there be among Japanese laborers
those who have spirit and self-consciousness enough to organize a labor movement. There may be Btlll others who
sincerely believe that the Japanose government sti^tly prohibits any lnbor
movement, trad that a laborer in Jjtpan
merely lives as a slave to wages or machinery. I believe it iB my duty to answer all these questions.
The Awakening Orient.
Japan is one of the oldest countrios
in the world, and nt the same timo one
of the youngest.   Old because her his
wide. A brief glimpse shows the great
work being done by the congress on tho
legislative field.
Congress Against Conscription
The Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada at its recent convention set its
faco absolutely and uncompromisingly
against conscription. The merits of tho
war I shall not discuss, tho trade
unionists in Canada aro members of
your international organizations, and I
must respect the fraternal obligations
and remember that while our country is
at war, your country is in a neutral position. The congress has taken a firm
stand with regard to tho .relation of tho
labor movement in Canada to the present struggle in Europe.
When Peace Comes
It agrees that a general labor con-
gross should be colled to meet wherever
the diplomatists of tho various nations
meot to settle the terms of peace. That
labor representatives from various na*
tions must be on hand to tako part In
shaping the destiniea of the countries involved in tbe settlement, The international trade union movemont of Canada
will, through the congress, take such
steps as are necessary to see that Canada takes its part in the general labor
tory dates back two thousand six hundred years;, and new because it is only
fifty years since ahe appeared before the
eyes of the world, having been awakened from her long slumber under feudalism. Because she ia an old country,
there are various circumstances, customs and eonventioni that may sometimes be at variance with the forces of
progress. Because she is a new eountry
there must necessarily be elements of
imperfection and disorder. We cannot
pass' unnoticed the faot thrift there are
these forces of old and new that are
conatantly'complicating our labor problems.
The Influence of Europe,
Japanese civilisation of today ia almost wholly a result of the importation
of European and American civilization.
Although the excellence of Oriental civilization, which has prevailed for tbe
last three thousand years, has not been
wholly lost, it is an undeniable fact that
the Occidental civilization has wielded
a great influence along the lines of education, politics, religion, military affairs, architecture, dreaa, food, commerce and industry. Especially, it is no
exaggeration to say that modern indue*
try is entirely an importation from Europe and America. Japanese industries
in the past have been but manual and
domestic industries.
Steam and Thirty Tears.
It is only within the last thirty years
that the whistle of the steam engine
has been heard in our cities and ham*
lets. Japan is very small in size and its
skill is yet undeveloped. This latter is
true of its labor, for unlike Europe and
America, the Japanese laborer is not definitely classified. Tlie working hours
are from nine to ewelve, and the wage
of an average worker is about one yen,
although that of the most skilled worker
is more than two yen. Women's wages
are from one-half to two-thirds of
mon's. Although the price of commodities in Japan is much lower than-in the
United States, it' cannot be denied that
the living conditions of Japanese workers are harder than those of the Ameri
Number of Japanese Workmen.
At present there are in Japan nearly
1,000,000 factory workers, 400,000 mine
workers, 200,000 railroad firemen, engineers and workers, 200,000 common laborers, 60,000 seamen. ' I believe the
total number of laborers, therefore, excluding farm hands, will not be less
than 5,000,000. The majority of theso
workers have no vote, their social standing is comparatively low, and their
standard of living is inferior. This ia
the great problem we have to contend
with. /
Watching the Wolves.
But, there is one thing that needs an
explanation. During tho last half century Japan haB been compelled to pay
her whole attention to foreign policy
and diplomacy, and consequently, she
has not had time to devote to internal
affairs. She has lived under the constant pressure brought to bear upon hor
by the powerful nations of the west.
To her no respite has boen allowed so
that she might look around and see
where she stood. She had to maintain
a large army and navy to protect her
existence against, the aggressions of one
power br another. The result is that
she had to neglect social problems and
in particular the welfare of the laboring
Visit of the Webbs,
Tot such a condition is not confined to
Japan. Other countries have passed
through much the same stages. Thoso
of you who are familiar with the history of the industrial revolution of
Great Britain will bear me out in this
statement, A few years ago, famous
English-.socinlists and students of labor
problems, Sidney and Beatrice Webb,
visited Japan. After inspecting various
factories in my country, Mr. Webb snid
that the industrial condition in Japan
was seventy years behind that' of England. Seventy years may be too long,
but there may be a difference of fifty
years in the industrial development of
the two countries. I feel certain therefore, that those of you who know the
labor condition of England fifty years
ago will not blame Japan alone in this
Oovernment Wakes Vp
Fortunately, the Japanese government
has finally been awakened to the need
of the situation. After investigation
and study for the past ten years, the
imperial parliament passed, in 1912, factory legislation with the intention of
protecting working men, especially women and child laborers. And, according
to a recent report, tho Japanese government intends to appropriate 250,000 yen
in tho budget in order that the legislation might be in practical operation
from next yoar. This sum of 250,000
yen would dof ray the expenses and salaries of four inspector-generals in the
central government and of 200 provincial inspectors. Already these inspectors
havo been appointed, and at present tho
department of agriculture and commerce, under whoso control the new
legislation will be carried out, hns boen
studying tho question of its practical application.
Social Work ln Japan
Thoro is an organization called the
Society of Social Politics, organized by
lending scholars, educators, statesmen
and financiers, whoso object is to study
various social problems from a scientific
point of view in order to improve the
condition of our society and to alleviate
the ills of modern industrialism. The
association, with its deep sympathy for
the oxiating lnbor condition in Japan,
has contributed, directly and indirectly,
toward the betterment and uplifting of
laborers' conditions.
Interesting Lecture on Work
and Purpose of the
Object to Train Experts to
Develop Industry in
the Province
Troubles of Girl Worken
Are Brought Into
the Light
Action Will Be Sought on
Mechanics9 Separation
The first meeting of the People's Forum, under the auspices of Vancouver
Trades and Labor council, was held in
the Labor Temple last Sunday evening,
when Dr. sWesbrook, principal of the
University of British Columbia addressed a fairly well-attended meeting. His
subject was '-'The People's University."
Purpose of the Meetings.
Mr. j. E. Wilton, the chairman, explained the object of the Forum as being to provide a neutral platform from
which speakers on all subjects of broad
publie interest might, expound' their
views. Politics would not be encouraged, nor the efforts of political parties
to.uBe the platform for thoir partisan
ends. The TradeB1 and Labor council
wished the Forum to be used as an educational medium in the broadest possible way.
Believes Forum Good Idea.
Dr. Wesbrook, at the outset of a highly interesting and somewhat lengthy address, said that he welcomed the idea
of a Forum as a means of getting peoplo togother to talk over all questions
affecting tho public good. By such
methods he bolieved that many difficulties which now seemed insuperable
would disappear.
Work of Universities.
In dealing with the work of universities, the speaker said they had become
necessary, the result of changed methods
of producing the daily life necessities of
the people. In early ages social life
had been very self contained for the
people of those times. By their own labor they supplied themselves with all
their simple requirements, and each family group was sufficient unto itself. But
with the coming of the age of mechanics, specialization had also come, making industrial and social life very complex and interdependent.
Age of Specialists.
This process was natural, but' it
brought ninny difficult problems in itB
train. Science had. taken the place of
rule of thumb, and specialism had become the rule in order that the fullest
knowledge might be obtained on all matters relating to the resources of the
earth and their possibilities. It was
part of the work of the universities to
train mon and women scientifically along
definite lines by affording opportunities
for specialised Btudy of the subjects
which they wished to take up as their
life work.
Praises B. C. Schools.
The speaker Baid that in his opinion
the public school system of British Columbia was one of the best, but more
rogard should bo paid to the preparation and payment of teachers whoso
duties he declared, were among the most
responsible and onerous of all public servants.-* Their work sapped the vitality
and nerve power more thnn most kinds
of manual labor, because of the infinite
attention which children required if
they were to be properly* educated.
The War Interfered.
Before the war broke out, the university authorities had mapped out a very
elaborate and comprehensive plan for
the building and equipment of the institution, but had been forced to suspend
a good deal of it as the result of developments in Europe, and the strained
finances of British Columbia. If the
province was to train the experts which
its industrial possibilities required, that
work would have to bu taken up again
at tho earliest chance. He did not con
tend that all experts came out of uni
versitios, but it eould do them no harm
to have experience in such institutions.
Vancouver Trades and Labor council
meeting last night was better attended
than some of the recent meetinga.
Xj_ the absence of President MeVety.
the chair waa taken by Vice-President
Alleged Imported Labor.
Victoria Trades and Labor eonnetl
wrote saying that one of its affiliated
unions had complained that workmen
were being brought from Seattle to
work on submarines in-British Columbia. The information .already obtained
by the council on this matter Wll be
sent, to the Victoria council.      ~   /
Delegate Hardy reported oa the work
of the People's Forum to the effect that
the first meeting had been a success.
The committee in charge of hoped to bo
able to obtain a number of speakers
from among delegates returning trom
the A. F. of L. convention In Ban Francisco. '*.'.'
Delegate Miss H. Gutteridge reported
that a girl discharged by Messrs. Bam-
say Bros, hod secured, through her, omploymont with another firm in the city.
Shortly after the girl started at the new
job, the manager of the firm phoned to
Miss Outterldge saying he was informed
that thia girl was being used'as a spy.
Upon being assured that snch waa not
the case, no attempt, was made to discharge the girl. The incident gave the
impression that she was being persecuted by her former employers. Another
ease brought to light was that of a girl
worker in a paper box factory.. After
working for nine days she was paid
$4.00 in wages, and was fired beeause
she would not work overtime for nothing.
Delegate Trotter reported that the
city council had decided to reduce its
number by. half. It had turned down
the proposal to eleet aldermen at largo
instead of by wards. Machinists at the
local C. P. B. shops are to commence
working nine hours per day Ave days
per week, and five hoars on Saturdays.
Dr. Young, the provincial secretary,
will be requested by the council to
make provision for a representative of
the trade unions to be a member of the
committee which is to arrange for pio-
viding employment for ex-soldiers.
Delegate Crawford (Criticised Secretary Bartley for being, as he bolieved,
remiss in his correspondence work. Secretary Bartley explained the matter, and
it was dropped.
The federal department of labor will
be urged to see that separation allow-
unccB due to tho wives and children of
mechanics who have gone to work on
munitions in Britain, are fully and
promptly p"aid.
Tho council adjournod at 0 o'clock,
after a strong appeal from the chair to
the delegates asking them to bring to
the attention of their unions the necessity of a fall attendance of delegates
at meetings of the council.
Delegate Ward reported that it was
desirable the council should be further
represented at the meetings of the Juvenile Protective association. Delegate
Cottrell will in future be Delegate
Ward's associate in that work.
What About The Harvest
A groat writer and economist hns said
that force is the midwife of every social
era pregnant with a new birth. One
wonders what the new birth which will
come out of this struggle will bo. Oae
thing stands out cloorly, that tho labor
forces of tho world havo never been so
powerful as thoy aro at tho present
timo, and their strength must be used to
prevent any possibility of such a conflict as this ever again taking place
Workers Awakening Too
Finally, I wish to call your attention
to the awakening of the Japnneso work-'
ingmon.    By their   constant   economic
rtreasure and by tho progress of know-
edge due to education thoy hnve been
forced to awaken to thoir prcsont position. The special causes that have led
thom to their solf-realization aro tho
compulsory educational system of my
country and tho univorsnlity of newspapers, magazines and other publications. Thus, in 1912, we organized tho
Laborers' Friendly Society of Japan,
During tho three years of its existence
tho society has grown with tromendous
rapidity until today it has 62 branches
throughout tho Empire iwth a member'
ship of 10,000. Of course, thede is no
comparison betwoon your great organization and ours,
A Young President
Your organization iB thirty-two years
oldor than our infant society. If I am
not mistaken, President oGmpers is
sixty-two yoars of ago, while I, as humble presidont of the Laborers' Friendly
Society of Japan, am but thirty years
old. After thirty-two years of tho development of our Laborers' Friendly So
ciety yet to come, when my hair turns
ns grny as your venerable president 'b, I
am sure that our society will have
grown into as poworful an organization
as your groat Federation of Labor. We
come hero, therefore, to learn from you
the secrets of your succoss and receive
your kind advice. We look upon you
as our big brother, whoso guidanco and
co-operation will give great impetus to
the growth of the labor movemont in
No Baal Difference
My friends, American fellow-workers,
I have learned in Japan that there are
no national barriers in labor. The laborer is tho worker of the world, the
worker of humanity. Neither high
mountains nor wido oceans can sever the
true friendship of tho world lnborors.
The laborers indeed, have thoir common
enemy and their common interests. Wo,
laborers of the world, must march on to
attain our common goal regardless of
race, religion nnd nationality. Look at
tho overwhelming power of modern capitalism. For thoir common interests,
capitalists have co-operated and fought
together without regard to the difference
of langunge nnd color. Shall wo not
emulnte their examplnf Your great
George Washington woll said in employing his servants that they should re-
ceFvo equal treatment and duo consideration, '' If they aro good work men,
though thoy mny bo from Asia, Africa
or Europe; they mny be Mahommodans,
.Tows or Christians, or AthoistB."
Prejudice The Enemy
Prejudice is nn enemy of the laboror.
Misunderstanding is an enemy of the
laborer. Hatred is an enemy of the laboror. Wo havo to co-operate with ono
another with a thorough understanding
and warm friendship. Instead of being
like a flock of sheep driven into a
slaughtering pen, wo must go into the
bnttlo in answer to a buglo coll and
fight courageously with single aim and
purposo to become tho eternal protector
of justice ond peace. I boliovo if thore
were true understanding and mut uni cooperation among tho laborers of Europe,
thoy could have prevented the present
great catastrophe.
Typo. Smoker Next Sunday.
Vancouver Typographical union No.
226 will hold an extraordinary meeting
on noxt Sunday evening, which' will
take the form of a smoker. The star
attraction will be a lecture by Sergeant
Youhill, a member of the local union,
who hns just returned from France on
leave of absence. There will also be
music, instrumental nnd vocal, and refreshments, liquid and otherwise.
'this is the first get-together that the
local printers' union hns had in years,
and it is looked forward to with a great
deal of interest,
Toronto's Labor Paper.
Tho annual meeting of shareholders
of the Labor Educational Publishers,
Limited, Toronto, will bo held on Saturday, Dec. 11. The annual report of the
board of directors and the flnanclal
statement of tho auditor, will be presented, nnd the directors for the ensuing yonr will bo elocted.
Ten Sub. Cards for $10.
Ten yearly Fod. sub. cards for $10.
Pay as sold.   Order ten nt once and help
to push the Fed's, circulation.
After nil, life is mostly a roundabout
process of trying to get a square moal.
Everything hns its troubles. The dog
hns Its fleas.   Tho fleas hnve their dog.
At prcBont tho British Columbia university had 378 students on its books.
A Diversified Lecture.
During the course of his lecture, the
speaker covered a very wide nnd diversified range of subjects. Referring
specinlly to the medical profession, he
snid that what wns needed was not so
much more doctors as better ones. Their
shortcomings were in many ways, he believed, due to their economic position, a
defect which ho folt would bo to some
extent remedied in future by socializing
tho profession more thnn It was today.
The Germnn educational system he described as one of the most thorough kind,
and which in hts opinion had been per-
vcrtod from its rightful purpose. It had
been chiefly used to spread the ideas
nnd views of tho governing clnss among
the working clnss for the benefit of tho
former, nnd with results which aro to be
seen in Europe todny.
At tho termination of his nddress, Dr.
Wesbrook wns necorded a hearty vote of
thanks, in response to which he expressed his pleasure nt bring able to bo of
service to nn organization having sueh
plans ns tho People's Forum. Next
Sunday ovoning at 8:15 o'clock, the
mooting will be addressed by Mr. Geo.
Trelnnd, the head of the civic relief department. PAGE TWO
96 Branches in Canada
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The Royal Bank
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Paid-up Capital
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Branches and correspondents
throughout the mrld
Deposits .
, 161,000,000
The Safe Investment
of Small Funds
ia to most mon a difficult problem,
and many have lost all their
money   through   unwise  investments.
It your funds are deposited in
Savings Department you may be
sure they are in the safest place
Our  large  Assets and Beserve
Fund afford a comfortable feeling
of security to all our customers.
Interest paid on balances twice a
Paid-up Capital. 15,000,000
Reserved Fundi.. ... ..16,307,373
Comer Hastings asd Cambie Sts.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities ln Mined
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Grants Fre-emptlona of 160 scree
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For further information apply to
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To writs or tllk, that's the quel*
tlonl Three minutes of quick, deelelve
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Settle the nutter now br • telephone cell I Costs much less thsn die-
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the time lost I   Much leu.
Take ft talk trip br telephone.
Printers and
Labor Temple
Phsas ter. ttOO
printers of The Fkd.
Published every Friday moraine by ths 8. 0. Federations, Limited
R. Farm Pettlpleoe .*. .Manager
J. W. Wllklneon Editor
Offlce: Boom 317, Labor Tempi*.   Telephone Exchange
Seymour 7485
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Afflliated with the Weitern Ltbor Press Association
"Unity of Labor: the Hope of tbe World"
THE PEOPLE'S FORUM was addressed last Sunday evening by
Principal Wesbrook, of the newly-
established University of British Columbia.  He did not have a "capacity" audience — considering   the
beitish mental requirements of
COLUMBIA t**e mo')' w*"° oou'^ ex*
UHIVEBSITY        p0ct  tlu*t  **6 would'—
but   he   certainly   did
have one whieh followed
his address from beginning to end with
close and appreciative attention. He gave
what was obviously an entirely satisfactory exposition of his subject to his hearers, if one may be guided by the very generous measure of applause which was accorded him at the termination of his lecture.
• •       •       t
Por our part, wc must confess we did
irot join in the enthusiasm of the occasion
so much as we might have done. The worthy doctor allowed himself to be announced to talk about something which he really
did not mention. Certainly he talked
about the British Columbia university;
but at no time in his talk did he begin to
show how that establishment could ever
be the "People's University."
• •      •      •
What we expected him to show—if
there was any genuine merit in the title of
his lecturer-was, how the child of a working man could hope to enter the university, and pursue its courses to their finality,
in the same way that a student with a cash
reserve at his or her back could do. But
the doctor never began to talk along such
lines; and from the substance of his remarks, it was obvious that no portionless
child could hope to avail itself of -the advantages of an institution which would be
more aptly described as "Some People's
• .* *    •      •
True it has been endowed from the revenue of the province, in the form of vast
tracts of.land in various parte of British
Columbia, which have been deeded to it
by the government. But that has not
made it possible for the boy or girl of
working class parents to embrace its curriculum. The term fees, and the expenses
of personal maintenance during the time a
student is taking the courses, constitute a
prohibitive charge which working class
parents could not surmount, no matter
how anxious they might, be that their
child should take the several years' course
of university training. In that respect,
this British Columbia establishment does
not differ from other universities elsewhere. We are not disappointed by the
revelation; nor does it dispel any illusion.
It works out exactly as we had anticipated
it would do.
IT CERTAINLY IS NOT good business
for a manufacturer to burn up his employees.   We have never heard the
question threshed out in any ohamber of
commerce convention, but there are reasons to believe that it is
oamblebb no*:* as some maintain,
IN SAFETY "more profitable to ig-
LJUI npre all safety devices
and take chances with
human life." The fact
remains, however, that human life is not
protected, that men and women are continually being bumed up or blown up or
out up by their bosses. Why! Not because it is good business to ignore safety
devices, but beoause there is a gambler's
chance that the firm can "get by" without
them, As long as there is a hundred to
one chance to make a dollar, astute business men can be depended upon to take it.
The public recognizes this and establishes
in theory fire inspection and factory inspection. Business men, it is understood,
are generally a mad lot of gamblers, without even business sense, and these precautions, which it actually pays to take, must
be made mandatory, or they never get further than the paper they are written on.
IP YOU EVER MET a man or woman
whom you thought was always in the
same mood—always uniformly nice,
it is a million to one you hit upon yourself.
The dullest person on earth is the faddist,
the crank, the one-idea
VARIETY man'   beMUSe   he   keeP8
I^r^Bwrsi harping on his pet sub-
otufe ject, in season and out of
season, and is the least
changeable in his moods.
And the most fascinating woman of your
acquaintance—whether you will admit it
or not—is the one who is the most varied
in temperament.
• t       e       •
Nothing interests and amuses the
thoughtful observer so muoh as to note the
apparently irreconcilable moods of his
friends, And if he is at all an introspective cynic, with a sense of humor, he must
spend much of his time laughing at himself. But just as there is no special virtue
in consistency, which is often only another
word for pigheadedness, so there is no
particular virtue in uniformity—of manner, of dress, of taste, or of mood.
• •       e       •
It is the world's dazzling varieties of
color, costume, habit, type and lauguagc
that make it the amazing wonderland it is,
with ite myriad flowers, birds, animals,
mountains, valleys, sunshine, storm, land
scape, seascape and' sky. Nature is decked in many garments, and her moods are
ever changing. So we poor mortals have
the frailties of our faculties, and cannot
escape our destiny. The only hopeless
mood is callousness—kindliness covers all
CONTINUAL EXISTENCE of unemployed workers is not looked upon
by the capitalist of today as an altogether evil thing for they render him
very effective assistance in his efforts to
keep down the wages of
j™ those who are employed.
useful "^e worker is in the pe-
UNEMPLOYED.     «uliar P»sit™ f.^eiaS
the most perishable of
all commodities. The
need for satisfying his hunger and other
wants does not cease beoause he loses his
job. He cannot be stored away, like boots
in a warehouse, for months, until the demand for his services improves, but must
plunge into the struggle for daily bread—
a struggle which grows more ruthless as
each day goes by.
• •      •.      •
In that condition he is suitable for the
purposes of the capitalist, seeking to reduce wages, by setting unemployed in
competition with employed for the bread
which both need. Thus unemployment becomes a necessary part of the modern capitalist state because it has a definite function to perform on behalf of the ruling
class in that state. Schemes of "insurance" for providing the worker with the
barest subsistence during bad times are
nothing more in the last analysis than
plans for keeping him alive until required
again. None of those things touch the
rootB of the trouble nor are they intended to.
• •       e       e
The first and most important question
for any people in any age is to feed, clothe
and shelter themselves. The outstanding
paradox of our time is that while civilization has taught men how to fly in the air,
to swim in boats under the sea, to speak
to each other across oceans and continents
and to perform a thousand wonders undreamt of fifty years ago, yet it has not
taught the state of today how to feed its
citizens. The entire natural resources of
the earth are the private property of a
few, the machinery by which all the necessaries and luxuries of life are produced is
also theirs, but the final and essential factor in the production of all wealth is the
labor power of the workers. When the
.day comes that they are sufficiently conscious of that fact and ready to do business, that will be the day when the unemployed problem is tackled properly for
the firat and last time.
IT IS AN ILL WIND that blows nobody
any good, and the Liberals of British
Columbia are trying had to make the
present conditions of bad trade and unemployment serve their ends. They are anxious to win the confidence
and votes of the workers
in time for the provincial election, which will
take place some time
during the next six
months. Their lust for power would be pitiful if it were not funny, and its only saving grace is that ohances of satisfaction
are in inverse ratio to their hopes. If
Liberalism ever had the right to be called
a definite political creed anywhere, that
day has gone by in this province, if indeed
it ever really existed at all.
• *      *      •
Liberalism found some place in British
politics in the middle of the nineteenth
century. It represented the bourgeois
mind as opposed to the old landed aristocracy in the newly developing industrialism of that day, and its mission was to
secure for the middle class the control of
political power for the exploitation of the
workers in their factories and various
commercial enterprises, They succeeded
in their efforts and contrived to attach to
their party name a reputation for being
progressive, while really they only represented one section of the possessing class
struggling for mastery with the other.
They typified the tradesman mind in politics, coupled with tbe snuffling attributes
of the nonconformist temperament in matters religious; as opposed to the patrician
conservatism of the old feudal families
who maintained themselves in political
power by the "pocket borough" method.
- «      •      •      •
And so for a time there seemed to be a
difference between the two, although actually each was trying to reserve for itself
the privilege of exploiting the working
class through either the medium of land
ownership or manufacturing capital. But
just as the economic conditions at that
time were responsible for the apparent
difference, so, as industrial development
went on apace did that peculiarity disappear and the material interests of both
parties become the same. It may not be
that they were consciously desirous of
that, but politics are only a secondary factor in the process. It is the industrial system of any age which determines the politics of that age and not vice versa.
• •      •      •
In the mid-Victorian era, capitalism was
more personal than it is now. Employer
and employed saw and knew each other,
and that personal contact, to a certain extent and in some ways, ensured better relations between the two. But industry
has passed rapidly into the small limited
liability company stage, then into the corporation, and on still further into the aggregation of corporations in the form of
a trust. Employer no longer sees worker.
Often he never sees the plant in which his
money is invested, and he may not know
the least thing about the industry—except
that .he wants his profits, This rapid maturing of capitalism has reduced the human equation in industry to a minimum,
and the extraction of profit from the labor
of the workers to a science.
• e       •       •
This is the condition of industry in British Columbia today. We have not had to
pass through the intermediate stages as in
Europe, but wc sec capitalism established
from the very beginning in its most modern aspects. The difference between capitalist and worker is thus made clearer and
more sharply defined; and the real meaning of the opposition between liberal and
lory here is that they are equally desirous
of being the chosen henchmen of the
American and British money bags, which
are in control of the province. There is
only one function that liberals and conservatives alike can perform, and that is
to manipulate the political power of the
province in the interests of capital for the
exploitation of the workers.
•    ■■-!»•       • •
The outstanding feature of the conservatives is that they are shameless pirates;
but the disaster of the liberals is that they
have nothing to offer but liberalism, and
at that they have not mastered the first
principle of their trade, which is that
there must be some honor even among
meet with the approval of some of the
international officers of the organized
labor movement of this continent.   They
make statements, and issue solemn warnings from time to time,
wTiimTOTiT        against what they call
will oome " IS a matter of doubt
at times to decide whether they are really uninformed on the subject, or whether they
are desirous of maintaining the purely
single craft character of their organizations, for the sake of some motive which
does not occupy a visible plaoe in their
arguments. Another of their number has
just given full-throated vent to a tirade
against industrial unionism. We once
heard one of them ssy that the American
Federation of Labor was founded on the
ruins of industrial unionism. If he had
said that the strongest and most effective
unions in that body today aro those founded on the principle of industrial unionism,
he would have been nearer the truth. To
say that the A. F. of L. was founded on
the ruins of industrial unionism, and that
that form of organization has been tried
long ago, and failed, is either deliberately
misrepresenting facts, or not properly understanding them. The Knights of Labor,
which preceded the A. F. of L., was not
based on the principles of industrial
unionism as it is understood today.
Neither did it fail because of its industrial
character, but rather as the result of corrupt politics and religious influence,
■•'•'•      •
In England, as far back as 1834, the
workers were organized on much the same
plan as the K. of L. They were beginning
to raise their heads after the repeal of the
combination laws in 1824, and the period
of general unemployment which followed.
The workers had the idea of "one big
union," and formed the National Association for the protection of labor, whioh
eventually gave place, in 1834, to the
Grand National Consolidated TradeB
union, formed by Robert Owen. He was
a very advanced economic thinker of his
day—and incidentally the owner of successful cotton mills at Chorlton. Unions
and lodges of all kinds of workors from
agricultural laborers to women bonnet-
makers, were a part of that organization,
which attained a membership of 500,000, a
phenomenal number, for such a body, in
those days. But it was too loosely put together, and its organization was too defective for permanency. The'workers flocked
into it from sentiment, and as a reflex of
the terrible repressions under which they
had suffered previous to the repeal of the
laws prohibiting unions. But it was not
an industrial union. The time was not
ripe for the appearance of such an organization. That is one outstanding feature
of labor unionism—it does not anticipate
the necessity for itself. A minority of
keener students and thinkers within the
ranks may see the need of changing the
form of labor organization, as the result
of their deeper study of the economic phenomena of their time. But the great bulk
of the membership do not grasp those
facts until the shortcomings and imperfections of a simpler form of organization
have brought failure, with material loss
whioh breeds new thoughts and convictions.
• •      •      •
St0it is today. Industry and general
commercial practice have evolved out of
all recognition from the conditions of 70
years ago. Then-a-day, industry was almost entirely carried on by hand labor.
Machinery was scarce. The application of
steam and mechanical power to industry
was in its infancy. Men had to serve long
apprenticeships to learn their trade. They
performed all the processes of production
with the skill which their hands and
brains had acquired during their training.
Just as labor was on a more individualist
basis, so was capital, Small* employers
were the rule. Limited liability companies
were very few, and large corporations,
like the big trusts and aggregations of
capital today, were unknown. Men worked at one trade all their lives, and their
ability to do so could not be easily infringed upon, owing to the period of training necessary to the acquisition of the requisite skill. That fact itself militated
against industrial unionism, apart altogether from other reasons. Men had a
kind of trade pride or jealousy, whieh
made them clannish and snobbish, to the
point where a worker of high skill considered himself superior as a man and a
tradesman to one of lower skill. Both
joined in contempt of the laborers and unskilled workers.
• •      •      •
But the onward march of machinery,
coupled with the consolidation of capital,
has changed all that—and changed it forever, too. The skilled workers have gradually seen the machine encroach, step by
step, upon their skill, and the personal advantage whioh they derived from it, until
today most of the skill is furnished by the
machine. The worker tends to it, and hia
employer reaps the benefit of the change,
This process has broken down a great deal
of the trade snobbery. It has brought
them all nearer to a dead level of medio
crity aB workers. It has reduced the demand for their labor, at the same time
that it has increased the product of it, and
has placed them more than ever at the
mercy of their employers and the terms
which they dictate. IJ is the realization of
these facts which has given rise to the
modern demand for industrial unionism.
It is seen that if tbere is any difference
between workmen now-a-day, it is a difference of the industry in which they
work, not of a trade, which has gone.. So
the need has come for organizing the
workers in unions which embrace all the
parts and processes of the industries in
whioh they work, in order that "unified interest will bring united action for the
joint advantage of all in the industry. In
the A. F. of L. such organizations as the
coal miners, the metalliferous miners, the
brewery workers and others are examples
of industrial unionism in practice. Ih the
building trades, the process is not so far
advanced, a greater amount of skill still
lingers with some of the trades. But such
bodies as building trades councils, are a
sign of awakening, and of a realization
that a process is at work which is driving
the workers closer together industrially,
whether they have the intelligence and
forethought to hasten it or not. The allied
councils of the printing trades are another
•      •      •      •
Thus the process goes on, and must inevitably do so. It is the effect of industrial development and evolution producing
economic determinism, which cannot be
eluded. "It is not a case of wanting to try
some new fanglcd idea. It is a case of
cither get on or get out. It is the mandate
of the machine, the slave of the master,
and the master of the man. Therein lies
the secret of this modern Alladin's lamp.
The workers may exchange old lamps for
new; they may get closer together industrially. But that will not increase the demand for their labor. Neither will it give
them all a larger share of the product of
their increased efficiency, which the machine has made possible. When all is said
and done, the machine and its owner are
the masters of men. When men grow big
enough to feel that it is not befitting the
dignity of living men to be the bond
slaves of dead metal, they will make themselves masters of the machine, and it
shall be their slave. Until then, industrial
unionism-will do its part, and in the fulness of time will bring no shame to its advocates.
- Robbery under alms—charity.
There are two sides to every question—
the wrong side and our side.
The lawyers union in the province of
Quebec have succeeded with a legal decision to exclude women taking examinations for the Bar because of their sex.
The lawyers have some union.
Whether Napoleon died ih St. Helena
with a broad-arrow on his clothes, or in
Paris with a crown on his head, did not
matter muoh. What did matter about
that time was the discovery of the steam
The mayor of Dunedin, N. Z., to some
departing soldiers; "You leave with the
best wishes and heartfelt prayers that God
will protect you from the ladies of this
city." If that mayor isn't careful about
his commas, his grammar will be getting
him into serious trouble.
The martyr is the embodiment of that
supreme self-sacrifice which gives all for
faith. He is also the embodiment of that
supreme conceit which thinks the rest of
mankind will be impressed by his action.
Usually half of it never hears of him, and
the othor half forgets him before he is
The drug habit is increasing alarmingly
in the dry states of the south. Dr. Lucius
P. Brown, state pure food and drugs inspector of Tennessee, is authority for the
statement that there are 22,500 persons in
Tennessee suffering from the drug habit,
and that $540,000 is spent yearly in that
state by habitual drug users.
At a meeting of the Dallas, Texas, Labor
Temple association, it was decided that
this inscription should be arranged in a
circle on a stone in front of the building:
"Labor is no commodity." Of course, if
they find things that way down there,
they might just as well talk like that. But
that is the steer country. We trust the
dear brothers have not made a bum one,
and called it the Dallas Labor Temple instead of the alas labor temple.
Ben Turner, president of the British
Textile Workers' union, had this to say
recently: "The chairman of the Yorkshire
munitions tribunals are chiefly lawyers,
and their secretaries chiefly lawyers, so
that on the committee of three there will
be a lawyer as chairman, a manufacturer,
and a workmen's representative, and a
lawyer secretary. It is nearly three to
one against the worker to start with."
Yet some people wonder what the British
workmen has to complain about, as the
Munitions act treats him so fairly I
any class of the people. Clean, newsy and
bright—a newspaper you can trust. THE
SUN upholds the principle of government
by the people.
KEEP IN TOUCH with the news of the
day by reading THE SUN.
Subscription Rates.
By carrier 10c per week, or $5 per year
in advance, in Vanoouver or vicinity.
By mail, 25e per month, or $3 per year
throughout Canada, Oreat Britain and all
countries within the Postal Union. United
States, SOo per month.
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
A J. JONES,       J. A. BENUTB,
Mu. Director Sec.-Treas,
Homos, Bungalows, Stores
and modern suites tot rut
at a Dig reduction.
Safety Deposit Boies for rent at
♦2-60 up.  Wills draws up free of
Deposits accepted ud Interest, at
Four par cent allowed on daliy
tnt snd third Tburidayi. Keratin
board: Jime, H. MoVety, president: HP.
Pettlplece, vlce-preildent; Oeorge Battler,
generalI seeretsry, 310 Lsbor Temple: Mis
H. Outterldge, treaeurer: Pred. A. ioorir.
SUtletioIan-aerjeaiit-stsrme, John Sully; A
J. OrawfordrFred. Knowles, P. W. ■Welea,
-~.w n"?!1". "SS0",'1 Monday In the
month President, H. 3. Bothel; aeeretary,
R. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Boa 06.
.-."S8' fom.*t Labor Temple, Htela
Ont Sunday of eaoh month. President!
Jamea Campbell; Inanelal seoretary H
Bills, Box Mt phone Sey. imi^iootiltt
secretary, Wm. Motllahaw, Globe Hotel, Mala
—Meets every 1st and ird Tuesday.
8 p.m    Room 107.    Preildent,   Jamee
Haslett; corresponding iecretary, w. (J .
gMB"i„Bo; 6*5; flnanclal i£»<an, r.
, and Inn Ship Balldors and Helpers
ol America, Vanoouver Lodge No. lit—
Meets Irat snd third Mondays, • p. m.
President, A. Campbell. Tl Seventeenth en-
"Sic?       "**—*•*' *****, HSt Howe
Union—Meett Unt Friday la east
month, «:80 p. m„ Labor Temple. A. Graham, business representative. onee: Row
SOS, Leber Temple. Hoars; 8:80 a. m. te
10; a to 5 p. m. Competent help furnished
on short notice.   Phons Seymour 8414.
meeta room 806. Labor Tempi* erery
firtS*' *.' *■ "•- .*•••■■•'■"•*. Sam. fawker,
667 Templetoa Drive; rooordlne seoretary
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple: Inanelal aeeretary and buslneas agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
NORTH AMBRICA.-Vancouver and
vlelnlty. Branch meete 1st and 8rd Fridays al Labor Temple, room 105. H. Night*
eesles, president, 176 Fifty-sixth ensue
east; Jos. O. Lyon, Inanelal sserstary, 1711
SHlTi. tUSfO- ?•»**   leserdlM   see*
retary, 4111 Argyle atreet
„ PLOYEE8, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meeta Libor Temple, seeond and fourth Wednesdays it 3:80 ind 8 p. m. President, Jos.
Hubble; reeordlng seeretary, Jas. I. Orlffia:
166, Twenty-Silk annuo eut; Snanolal see.
R'S'ofH \Hb"n **"*, JVed. A. Hoonr,
3400 Clark Drln.
AMSBtOL Local No. 17»-MceHnn
held Int Tuesday ta each month, S p. m.
President, Francis WSIUms; rice-president,
MtosH. auttarldge; recording see, a MoDonald, Boi 60S; Inanelal secretary, K.
Petereou, P. 0. Box (01.
Meets last Sunday of each month at 2
™—"—"  "  Parr  "■'■■ ■
p.m.   Prealdenl, R. Parm. PatUpieee; rice-
£mS}'Q w* f Metsger iieereterytreesurer
;. H. Neelands. P. 0. Bos 66.
ln annual convention ln January. Exeo*
utlve officers, 1016.16: President, A. Watoh*
man;. vlee*preaidentt—Vancouver, W. F.
Dunn, J. H. lleVetyi Vletorla, B. Simmons;
tow Westminster, W. Yatea; Prince Raperfc
W. E. Denning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; Die-
Irict 88, U. MT W. of A. (Vancouver leland),
S. Outhrle; District 11, U. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Nesl Valley), A. J. Curler; secre-
lerytnasursr. A. 8. Wells, P. 0. hoi 1688,
Vlotoria, B. 0.
, OIL—Meets Irst and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1484 Government street, at 8
ti *&?*mi/lm% £•£■ Walls i secretory, F.
Holdrldge. Boi 803, Victoria, B. 0.
of America, local 784, New Westminster.
Meete aeoond Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, F. W. Jameion, Boa 406.
■ Directors: Jss. Brown, president; B. P.
Pettlpleoe, vice-president: Edward Lothian,
Jamea CampbeU, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wllby, W. 3. Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free.
Managing director and seeretery-treeearer, J.
H. MeVety, room 211, Labor Temple.
et call of preildent, Labor Temple, Van*
oouver, B. C. Directors: Jamei Campbell,
president; J. H. McVety, seeretary-tresaurer;
A. Watchman, A. S. Wells. B. Para. Pettipiece, manager, 817 Laber Temple. Tele,
phone;   Seymour 7401.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
^S^. of Annum
■ttBBffig Atom _______ no.
Vote against prohibition I    Demand  persons! liberty ta choosing what you will drink.
ilk for this Label whoa purehaalw Beer,
       - -.n^fc, uu |f l, -
TMs Is Oar Label
Ale or Porter, ss. a
lea Made.
Ua- ■■m
M&de it?
British Cdlutijbia
Bailt for
Wear, Style,
& Cowfbrt
QUALITY Is the principle upon
which LECKIE Boots and Shoea
are built Every essential to pre-
eerve that principle la maintained
la the big lbckib Institution.  .
World Shoe Co.    ~*t&-%"*n*>m""
tt Hastings St, W., Phone Sey. 1770
Work called lor and dellnred
Loggers' Miners' Cripples' and any kind
of special Shoes made to order
Lsrs.it aad most select sleet In Weet-
era Canada.   Easy Terns   snd   decent
trsatmeat, at nt- tune prises.
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Wake up, Canadians, and
do your duty. Stop and consider when you are making a
purchase. Buy home products. We are now at a point
when endurance will surely
Premier Beer
Is a home product. Insist on
getting it.
Highland 291
Vancouver Distributer
Capital and Labor Endorse
—I >   _\i€%e*r   <
Beer appeals to the workingman because it
is a mild and inexpensive beverage, which
promotes not only sociability, but furnishes
relaxation after the hours of toil. The regular and moderate use of CASCADE BEER
means sobriety, steady nerves and healthy
With the wealthier classes, beer is the favorite beverage, not because bf its low cost,
but because of its scientifically proven food
value. The sentiment against intemperance
is steadily leading all broad-minded men
toward pure beer, the great temperance
Rich in valuable food elements, secreted
from malted barley and hops. At all liquor
Six pints for 50c      Three quarts for 50c
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Trades And Labor Oonndl.
November IS,    V*.
Granby  Mining   Company
Warns Men to Stay
Away from There
The Early Closing Bylaw
Recently Passed Goes
Into Operation
[By W. E. Denning]
PHINOB .BUPEBT, Nov. 18r-The
general cordition pertaining to the securing of employment is not auch &i to
warrant the jobless in other districts
looking, with any degree of hope, to
Prince Bupert and its adjacent districts,
as a Mecca fo look forward to for obtaining employment. The number of
idle men now here feeling the keen
edge of poverty are more than sufficient
to handle all the work now being undertaken. The outlook for the future Ib
extremely dull.
The Granby Mining company are run*
ning front page ads. In the local papers,
warning men not to go there, as they
have got all the men they need. Possibly it may be that the Granby company
has discontinued the three-gang system,
or it may be that the Vancouver employment agents are being deprived of
too big a percentage of graft, but, but'
which ever way it happens to be, the
fact remains that they are Issuing notices to the- men in Prince Bupert to
stay away.
From interior points comes the same
sorrowful tale of unemployment. This
is not confined to any particular trade,
but embraces nearly all crafts.
Mining Industry Quiet.
The mining industry, whioh -provides
in the interior the greatest amount of
employment in the- summer months, is
rapidly beiw* curtailed with the approach of winter, as most of that work
is in the nature of developing prospects.
There are only two mines which are
as yet shipping ore in the Hazelton district, and the number of miners they
require can be well furnished without
going outside the district. This does
not emanate from the broodings of a
pessimist mind, but from careful enquiry made by The Federationist representative, and given with the hope that
it will serve to assist the unfortunates
in search of employment.
Early Closing Bylaw.
The early closing bylaw, which has
passed by the city fathers some time
ago, and which aroused the ire of ex-
Alderman Morrison, engaged in the grocery business, and raised strenuous objections to its enactment, utilizing a
technical omisBion in its formation as a
lever to prevent it being put in operation at that time, has now been amended and favorably passed upon by the
city council.
. Vancouver Miner Sailed.
The body of John Ward, who was
killed at Granby bay, was taken south
to Vancouver. The deceased was a
miner, and while at work at Granby
Point quarry he was killed by having a
rock crush him. The inquest was conducted by Dr. E. H. Hyde. The victim
of the accident had been a resident of
Ask for Labor Ttmplt  'Phone  Bxob»n«,
Btyaiou .7490   (onltss  otherwise  stated).
Briflkiayepi—Wm, B. Dagnall, Room 215.
Cooks, Waiters, Waitresses—Boom 804;
Andy Graham.
Electrical Workon (outiide)—E, H. Morrison, Room 207.
Engineers (iteam)—Room 216; E. Prender-
gait. '
Halibut Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear-
loy, 487 Gore avenue. Offlee phone, Seymour 4704; residence, Highland 1344L.
Longshoremen'! Association-—G. J. Kelly; 10
Powell Street; phone Sey. 0859.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 80S, Labor
Sailors—W. S. Burns, 218 Hastings atreet
Street Bailway Employees—Fred A. floorer;
phone  Bey. 508.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands, Booma 212-
Brewery Workers.
Ohio has again defeated a state-wide
prohibition amendment by a majority of
some 55,000 votes.
A writer in the New Tork Sun pointB
out that prohibition of the manufacture
and sale of liquor will likely include the
tobacco industry next. Mention is made
of the fact that the W. C. T. U. state
conventions in Ohio and Kentucky are
already on record as opposing the use
of tobacco in any way, and that a bill
was, introduced in the last session of the
Louisiana legislature to prohibit absolutely the manufacture and sale of tobacco in that state. In Boston and
other cities the prohibition is being agitated to prohibit smoking in public
places. This new coercion is entirely
West Vancouver Voters' Idst.
The new voters-* Hst for West Vancouver is now in course of preparation. The
municipal clerk says: ''All those whose
names appear on the last revised assessment roll, after the court of revision in
May, as deed holders, will be on. the
list; but those who have obtained their
deeds since that time will have to make
a declaration before the assessor, along
with all the agreement holders. This
must be done before November 30.''
Send in the news! Every union in
the city and province should have a
press correspondent. You want news
of your union to appear in your paper.
Then see that someone is especially appointed to send it In. And see that it
reaches this office on time. All local
news must be in not later than Thursday morning, if it is to appear the same
week. Address all news matter to Editor B. 0. Federationist, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. O. *•*
A municipal, a provlnolal and a federal
election will take place during the next few
months. Unless TOU are classified with the
Indians, lunatics and propertyleia women,, register at once. Do It now or hold your peace
on election dayi
Unequallsd Vaudeville   Meana
I.«, 7.80, ».U   Season's Prion*
Matin.., 1le.| Bvenlnge, Ue, Me.
President Geo. Irvine and P. Cody, ap-
Stinted to interview United Brother-
ood of Carpenters and Joiners, and engage their rooms in the Thompson-Ogle
block. (Now put of David Spencer's,
Limited*.) .
Messrs. H. Wilson, Geo. Walker, Wm.
Towler and John A'. Fulton appointed a
committee to get up a raffle in aid of
the. locked-out miners at Wellington,
Vancouver Island.
H*. H. Nelld elected member an finance committee, vice F. ProsBer resigned,
- Geo. Walker reported that he, had
seen Or. Carroll with reference -to the
mayoralty election. The doctor said it
wbb impossible for him to offer himself
aB a candidate for mayor.   Adopted*.
All subordinate unions will take up
a collection at each meeting in aid of
the miners of Wellington, who are lock'
ed out.
Compulsory Arbitration a
Success—If You Are a
Strong Union
West Vancouver Waterworks.
Construction work on the -new waterworks system at West Vancouver has
been in full swing the past week. A
gang of men has been laying pipe on
Eleventh street. The original plans have
been altered, .and wooden pipes will be
used instead of iron, while the dam will
not be constructed on the elaborate lines
as was the intention at flrst. These
changes will reduce the cost some $40,-
000. The bylaw called for an expenditure of $150,000. About fifty men are
leather Workers.
Workers on horse goods, report trade
very active in this city at present. Some
are working overtime. Storey & Campbell, leather dealers, have received another large war order from the government, stimated at $18,000, for saddles,
etc., for cavalry purposes.
Allied Printing Trades Council—R. H. Neelanda, Box 06.
Barbara—8. H. Grant, JS01 7th Avenaa W.
Bartender*—H. Darli, Sox 434.
Blacksmiths — Malcolm Porter, View
Hill P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1685 Thirty-
fourth avenuo eut.
Boilermakers—A Fraser, 1151 Hows St
Brewery Workera—Chas. G. Austin, 788 7th
Ave. Eaat.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Room
216, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters Dlstriot Council—F, h. Baratt, Room 208, Labor Tempi*.
Clgarmaken—W. H. McQueen, ear* Karti
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooka, Walton, Waitress**—Andy Graham.
Room 804, Labor Temple.
Electrical Workera (outside)—K. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical Workers (inside)—Room 807; F.
L. Estinghausen,
Engineers—E, Prendergast, Room 216, Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Harry, Columbls
Garment Workers—Un. Jardlne, Labor Tem
Halibut Fishermen's Union—Russell Kearley,
487 Gore avenue.
Honeahoera—Labor Templo.
Letter-carrier*—Robt. Wight, District 08.
Laborera—George Harrison, Room 280, Labor Tomple.
Locomotive Firemen and Englneera—O. Howard, Port Coquitlam.
Local Engineers—L. T. Sollowsy. 1157 Har
wood.   TeL Bey. 1848B.
Longshoremen—J, G Kelly, 10 Powell Street
Machinists—J. H. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Milk Driven—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenne west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 805, Labor
Moving Picture Operators—L. E. Goodman,
Labor Temple.
Palntera—Geo.  Weston,   Room   808,   Labor
Plumbers — Room    208 %   Labor   Temple.
Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—John James Cornish,  1809 Eleventh avenne East.
Pattern  Makers—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
Quarry Workeri—Jamas Hepburn, ears
. Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A   B,    McCorvil!*,
Box 248.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,   420  Nslson
Seamen's Union—-W. S. Bona, P. O. Box
.  1866.
Structural Iron Worken—Boom 206, Labor
Tempi*. '
Stonecutters—Jamea   Raybnrn,   P.   O,   Bos
Sheet Metal Worken—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Ponder atreet east.
Street Railway Employees—Jamea E. Griffin,
166 Twenty-fifth avenuo east.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, cars Province,
Telegrapher*—E. B. Peppin, Box 482,
Trades and Labor Council—Geo. Bartley,
Room 810 Labor Temple,
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box U.
Tailors—C.  McDonald, Box 508.
Theatrical Stage Employee*—GwjVW. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayen   and   Helpen—A. Jamleson,   640
Twenty-third avenue eaat.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberts, the Yukon Torlrtory, the Northwest Territories and
In a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
yean at an annual nntal of $1 an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acres will be leaaed to one
Applications for lease mast be made by the
applicant In person to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the dlstriot in which the rights applied
for are situated.
In surveyed territory tbe land must be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and in unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked by the applicant himself.
Eaeh application must be accompanied by
a fee of 85, which will be refunded If the
rights applied for are not available but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on tbe
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating th* mine ahall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon.   If
iay t
the coal mining rights an not being operated,
such roturna should be furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will include the eoal mining
rlghu only, but tbe lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of tho mine at the rate or 810 an acre
For full Information application should be
made to the SecreUry of the Department nf
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-
Agent of Dominion Lands.
« «    5epotI Mlnist8V?.' ■»• Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this ad
vertlsemont will not b* paid for 80600
Miners Formed One Then
Felt Ready to Talk
It AU Over
[Special Australian Correspondence]
SYDNEY, N. S. W, Oct. 2»-I have
already written an account of the operations of the Commonwealth arbitration system and its operations in the
way of benefiting the worker in Australia All that I have already said is
amply backed up with the latest ease
that has come vp for hearing before it.
Big Strike Threatened.
Some time ago there was every sign
~! a gigantic miners' strike throughout
Australia. The men had many strikes
in past years, but these had been sectional strikes, insofar as they were state
matters only, and the separate state arbitration courts did not have the necessary power to compel their awards. The
men, seeing that after all they did not
get so verv muoh out of these strikes in
a sectional way, determined to organise
into one big union.
Then They Arbitrated.
ThuB they got all the miners throughout Australia and Tasmania linked up,
with the promise of moral and practical
eupport from the New Zealand miners
in ease of strike. With this done, they
went to the Commonwealth court, demanding a compulsory court, or the alternative of creating a strike extending
throughout Australia.
The Commonwealth court was not
slow to see the danger of such an happening, and at once called a conference
to commence sitting before the men
oould get out on Btrike.
Court dot Move On.
The Commonwealth court decided
that the men Bhould bold a conference
with the masters, and ally decision they
might come to would be registered as an
award, if satisfactory.
At first the ooal mine owners demur-
red to this, Baying that all their members could not be got together, whioh
cauBed some very plain speaking from
the Commonwealth arbitration judge,
Mr. Higgins.
He told them that they would not be
allowed to take up this stand, and thus
cause a large strike through their obstinacy. He said that unless genuine
attempt was made to Bottle the matter,
he would use the fullest extent of his
powers to compel them.
Still the owners asked for a week's
adjournment, and while this was granted, Mr. Higgins laid it down that he
could not allow them to carry out the
old-time methods of delaying time to
precipitate trouble so aa to alienate
sympathy for the men.
Increases Wen .Recommended.
So at last a sitting was held and a
decision come to, whieh the men think
good. They get an all-round increase
of 6 per oent. in wages and in many
eases better conditions. Wheelers are
to get tl.86 to 42.09 per day; miners
are to get an increase all round of 8
cents per ton hewing rate—making the
rate now J1.08 per ton. And for every
24 eents per ton that eoal rises, the
men are to get an extra 8 cents.
For machined coal they are to get
one-eighth of a cent for every 6 cents
increase in the selling rate. Shiftmen,
roadsmen, on-setters and banksmen get
an all round increase of TA per cent,
in their wages.
Minera' bedded Victory.
It can be said that the men have won
a decided victory, and beat of all this
has been won without a strike—through
the efforts of compulsory arbitration.
The miners are naturally highly at sat*
isfled ot their first case under the Com*
monwealth arbitration court.
This example should be worth noting
by thoBo in America who are apt to
criticize our arbitration methods—that
is, compulsory arbitration.
Women to Qualify.
Women in Queensland, Australia, will
not only have the right to vote, but to
stand for election and sit in the state
legislature on the same footing as men
if the labor pnrty hns its way about it.
A municipal, . provincial snd s federal
election will tako plaeo during the nest few
months. Union YOU are clsailfled with the
Indiana, lunatic, snd propertyleia women,, re*
(■later at once. Do it now or hold your peace
on election dayi
For a beautiful display noxt Bummer, plant now.   Named varieties
30cMCh-    ROSES
Imported direct from Ireland; all
leading varieties, 30c each.
List free.
$3.00 Per Dozen
$3.00 Per Dozen
140 Oranvllle Street VANCOUVER, B.C.
Vancouver—Offloe and Chapel,
1084 Oranvllle St., Phone Soy. MU.
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chapet 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
Refined Scrrice
Ons Block west of Court House.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral parlors free to all
Telephone Seymour MIS
■ Men are buying them at Spencer's beeause, in spite of the scarcity,
this store has a plentiful quantity and, furthermore, they were bought
before the tremendous advance in wools,*which is the despair of merchants who* are having to buy now, and which, placet these Spencer costs
outside the pale of competition.
We have a coat to suit your puree because onr stocks are complete, bit
everyone seems to want thea* better grade wool coata.
AT  13,60 — A  medium  heavy- *
weight,  warm,  serviceable  coat
that will give splendid wear; V
neck, ln plain brown and tan,
trimmed with brown.
AT W.96—Heavy pure wool eoat
sweaters;. Norfolk shape with
shawl collar, in dark crimson; a
superb garment.
AT W.W—Heavy all-wool cot
sweaters, with shawl collar, in
plain brown;.also smoke, trimmed *
with maroon and grey trimmed
with green.
AT ttM—A heavy pure wool'
coat in tha ordinary style with
ehawl collar, In crimson, brows
and grey.
David Spencer Limited
xitKJ 1 mmtoamt New — Modern — Fireproof
_-\J iUO   VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Now under the management of W. V. MOEAN
Room with detached bath ...,.,....* 11.00 per day an
Boom with privets bstlt Y.............,,.,..|1.50 per day ap'
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Oor' electric motor bot meets oil boots ud trains free
LOTUS GRILL—Open Continuously
Muaic from 6.80 to 8.80 sad 10 to mldnlsht
Phona Seymoar 8880
New Electric Auto Bus Meets sll Bests and Trains Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Most
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ; 100 with Private Baths
EUBOPEAN PLAN, »1.00 per Day np.
All ths wrappers of BOTAL OBOWN SOAP and BOTAL CROWN PBO-
DOOTS exchanged for beautiful presents
Call whether you have coupons or not.
Special offers for Christmas and the New Tear, contained in our new
Premium Bulletin just issued. Write for catalogue of premiums and
special offers.
You can save money by saving your coupons off Boyal Crown Soap,
Koyal Crown Washing Powder, Boyal Crown Naptha, Boyal Crown
Cleanser, Boyal Crown Lye.
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 T 25 Cents
88 Bides at 38 Bides on Tour Saving On
A 6 Cent Fare Tango Tickets tl Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
They sre sold by conductors on ths cars, st the B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Hastings streets snd 1138 Oranvllle strset; the Company's
Interurban Terminals st Hsstings snd Carrall streets snd Math end of
Granville street bridge; Depotmester's Offlcs st Main snd Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main strsst snd Thirteenth avenue, and st ths
Pisces of businsss of the following Arms throughout the dty:
Woodward's   Dspfe.   Stores    (Drag
Dept.) Abbott Bfreet Corner.
Spencer's Dept.   atore   (Cashier's
onee, Information Derosa and Exchange Deaks), near Rlebsrda.
Wood's Pharmacy— Sofmonr Stmt
Campbell's Pharrsey — Oranvllle
Btreet eorner.
Owl Drugstore—Main Btreet eorner.
Harrison's Drag Store—Near Car-
rail slre.1
Browne    *    Beaten, - Dnggtsts,
Pender strset corner.
Lew's   Dragsters — Harris strset
OOBDOTA stbbbt—
Owl   Dragsters — Abbott stnet
Owl   Drugstore — Daalsvy street
(English Bel)      ~ _   ,
Torrent. Dngstore — Davie etreet
Hudson's Bay Oe. All departments
Oeorgis etreet eorner.
Gordon Dmdals's (Motion   Coaster) nesr Dummnlr.
Owl Dngstore — Dansmnlr stnet.
Harrison's   Drogsten —   Robsea
street corner.
Browne * Boston, drngglsts, Davie
stnet oorner.
PU1 Boi Dngstore — Nelson stnet
Law's Dngstore — Davie   etreet
Harrison's     Drngaton — Psnier
stnet corner.
Harrison's   Dnfston — Onavllle
etreet  and  Seventh avonae.
Law's Drngaton — Kear Breedwey
Campbell's Dragiton — Broadway
.   and Commercial Drive.
Mitchell's OonleeUonsrr— Oeorgla
street .atnnoo.
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St.
Near Davie PAGE FOUR
Commencing Monday
November 22nd
Department Managers
Offering opportunities to save on everything to
wear, and for the home.
If you want some real bargains, attend this sale-
See Saturday evening's papers for fuller particulars.
^OhpBudsonsBQaConipany. i^
V   .    J hwwmmtii  iota     hihwt i wmiim. itoms earmnpoata t /~*\ ■
Granville and Georgia Streets
Explains Why the Unions
Decided to Support the
The Price ta Pay
for Good Clothes
We advise you to pay at least $20
for a suit or overcoat j not because of
the $20 we may get, but because of
the clothes you will get.
Semi-Eeady Tailoring is satisfying
thousands of the best dressed men,
Semi-Beady clothes sell as low as $15
and as high as $35. At every price
the full value is in the garment.
Suits for men 'and
young men. |15 to
Overcoata /or men
and young men, (15
to 140.
Single Trousers, (4
to (8.
Full Dress Suite. (25
to (60.
Morning Coats, (25.
Tuxedo Suits. (25 to
Tuxedo Coata, (18,
Speolal Orders—in 4
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
High-class and painless dentistry at very moderate prices, which anyone can afford—
Gold Crowns, 22k ; W.00
Gold Bridgework, per tooth 94.00
'   Perfect Fitting Plates, each   $6.00
Porcelain fillings, each..... 11.00
Amalgam fillings, mch ..11.00
Teeth extracted free of pain.
AU work guaranteed for TEN YEAES.
Offlce open every evening from 7 to 8 p.m.
Phont Seymour S3S1 Offlce:   101 Buk of Ottawa Building
Telephone 80S
Wholesale, retell sod family -trade
Corner BefMs aal Front Streets
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what lti name, unless It bean a
plain and readable Impression or tbii itamp.
Ail ihoei without the Union Stamp are
alwayi Non-Union.
IM Summer Street, Boston, Mail.
J. P. Tobln, Prei.   0. L. Blaine, Sec.-Treaa.
Union Printing
We specialize in printing constitutions, bylaws,
booklets, publications and stationery of all kinds for
union organizations everywhere.
Our departments cover printing of pamphlets, books
and catalogues.
We Print Everything But Money
Labor Temple Vancouver, B. C.
British Capital Made Shells
Which Destroyed the
British Ships
Mr. E. Bovin, one of tho fraternal
delegates from the British TradeB Union
Congress to the American Federation of
Labor eonvention in San Francisco, in
making his address, said the following
among other things:
Difficult to he Loyal
A great difficulty at this moment is
coming from a country whoso relatives
are wounded and whose friends are on
tho fighting lino, it is very difficult to
talk with ono's head, one is apt to talk
with one's heart'. In the old country I
know it is very, very difficult to cooly
sit down and logically reason the great
problems which face the labor movement, when all the time our own flesh
and blood are out in thoso horrible
trenches fighting. On the other side in
the central empires the position must be
very similar. Whenever one talks of
the consequences of the war or what is
happening during the war, the only
thing which rises uppermost is what is
the best way to end tho war in order
that peace may be re-established.
The Test of War
The great Ibbuo—and it will nriBe in
this country if ever you are faced with
a great war, and if I may use a vulgarism, one never knows the future or
your luck—the problem is that as labor
grows stronger so its responsibilities get
greater, and tho very strength of our
movement in Britain calls from the
Trade Union,CongresB and-from the representatives of labor the exercise of
the greatest responsibility that any labor movement has ever been called upon
to exercise sinco its inception, as you
will realize from the figures given by
my friend Ammon, representing, as it
does, 4,000,000 out of a population of
The Terrible Responsibility
When the parliamentary committee of
the Trade Union Congress, the federation executivo of the labor party and
the management board of general trade
unions, which now constitute, the joint
labor board for the old country, was
convened, representing this mass of humanity and further representing 90 per
cont. of the men who would have to do
the fighting, I ask you to imagine the
serious and terrible responsibility that'
had to be exercised in that conference
room before they decided to support the
What The War Prevented
What was the position prior to this
outbreak? I want to say to you, as.
American trado unionists, that we were
cooly and deliberately planning for the
perfection of a largo organization -in
order that we could come to death grips
with the great social problems of the
old eountry. We had nearly completed
our plans; and in spite of the war we
have since completed an arrangement
between the miners and railwaymen and
general transport workers of Great
Britain, in order to avoid long starvation strikes and at the same time be
sucb a power in our country that those
great problems which are the result of
feudalism and the heritage of despotism,
and after great problems arising from
capitalism should be grappled with. We
were tired of seeing the shoeless children; we were tired of seeing the maimed
miner; we were tired of seeing the mutilated railroad man; we were tired of
seeing children in the mills at the early
age of thirteen. We were tired of all
these things, and if the politicians
would not legislate we determined to
perfect our organizations, and that compulsion should be behind legislation.
The Growing Menace
The aggregation of capital is grow*
ing, and it haB grown even stronger,
I believe, in the old country than it
has in your country, because of the in*
ternational character of our trade. The
huge shipping federation with all its
millions—the American Federation of
Labor knows what tbat means, and bo
does Andrew Furuseth, becuuse I venture to suggest that the great opposition
to the Seamen's Act of America is inspired by that great shipping feder*
A municipal, a provincial and a federal
election will take place during tha next few
month*. Unh-Hs TOU are classified wltb tbe
Indiana, lunatics and propertyleas women,, register at once. Do It now or hold your peace
on election dayi
Factory: 1366-7 Powell street
Telephone Highland 285
Est, 1904 Vancouver, B. O.
ation—that shipping federation is organized throughout the wholo world,
and is only one of the great capitalist
organizations to contend with.
And then in the great London strike,
and in the great miners' struggle of
1912, when the whole resources of the
state were behind the employers, we
eame to the conclusion that the only
way to grapple with these great social
problems was by backing our demand
by the strongest industrial force that
the human mind could conceive. Then
again, in spite of all that, in apite of
all the opposition, we had accomplished
something. Previous fraternal delegates
must have told you of the advance we
had made in the recognition of labor in
the old country.
Picketing is Legal
We have made secure our position
from- the point of view of picketing
under the TradeB Dispute Act; we had
enacted the old age pension scheme,
national health insurance scheme, etc.;
we had brought pressure to bear to improve the legislation associated with
working people in our factories; we
we were beginning to grapple with the
maimed and mutilated motherhood of
our country; and let me say that this
is the greatest erime of all civilization
in my opinion; the greatest crime of
capitalism in general is that it is so
Boulless, so inhuman, so long as it can
wrench profit, so long as the dollars can
be wrenched from the human body,
whether it Ib a mother whoso maternity
has to be wrecked, who has to be made
a physical ruin, whose child can be
taken from school to labor, or tho son
denied n decont chance for life, everything within that sordid capitalist world
has to be sacrificed to the wrenching
from the* human the highest point of
production to render value to increase
the dividend and profit.
Remembered but Chose
These are the things that were beside
us when we came to that great decision
to support thie government. We had to
chooBe. We thought of all our work;
wo thought' of all our plans, and then
another realization came—we may have
been -wrong in our deductions, but it
was not the foreign policy of England
that decided the labor movement, und 1
would like to say this in Berlin as well
as in San Francisco, it was not that; it
was not that we agreed that ull the diplomats had done was right—no. Wo
felt that at last the thing that the German social democrats themselves had
told us was tho great fight of tho future
had come. We found the light which
we thought would have beon fought out
between German labor and tho German
junker party in their own country hnd
embroiled us. It became a clash of institutions. |
How They Viewed It
We felt it was a clash betweon domination of militarism and the domocracy
of our own country; and friends, lot me
say with all sincerity, that that was the
basis of the decision of the labor movement to support the war, because of
that clash of institutions-1-! t was this
and this alone which led to the decision.
Then we determined to save the economic condition and we made up our
minds to this quite decidedly, that if
f amino* came we would share with the
rest of the community; if our sea communication was cut off, we would tell
our working people that we would share
with the rest of the community, but
while our seas were open, while food
was in the country, we would maintain
the standard of living; we said you shall
not use this wnr to lower the standard
of life which it has taken centuries to
build up.
The Homeless Vulture
Friends, in every country there is the
vulture class. You must have them in
America. Human instinct doos not exist
in that class; they have become bo sordid that nothing appeals to them. I
mean the man who says, Hero is a war.
I can become a millionaire, grovel, you
dogs, in the dust. Patriotism to them
is in a speech upon a platform and looking for political honor. Patriotism with
us means not merely love of country; I
want to say that many years ogo I decided that my patriotism should be lovo
of class, which I think is a much higher
patriotism. However, we had this vulture class. They immediately began to
rob the women and children of the very
men who had gone to fight; we had to
fight them, but they were strong; they
were strong in the nation; they were
strong in the state department.
Soldiers Now Cost More
In order to stop their machinations
and their exploitations, the labor movement had to come to the rescue. In
spite of the great finanoial stress in
England at the present moment the labor movement has increased the cost per
soldier from £100 per annum to £250
per annum; that means an increased allowance to his wife and children, an increase in the food of the soldiers and
improvements in his clothing, better
equipment that is being brought about
to make hia life us comfortable as possible, that is an increase from £100 to
£250 per head per annum of those now
uuder arms, and we don't regret it. I
would double-it if I could. If kings and
nations are te have war, the more expensive that war is the less they will
have of it. I want you to appreciate
that. One gentleman in talking of conscription—a man who had fought us
very bitterly in tho transport trade—
said: "If we only had conscription in
Brituin we could save so many millions
per year."
What Asquith Declined
War then wotifd merely be a pastime
for them. They would be homo while
tho other.fellow was getting killed. Tho
labor leaders told Premier Asquith, "If
you will take over the moans of living
and prevent an increase in the cost of
living, wo will not ask you for an increase of wages." He failed to accept
our offer. We determined to maintain
that standard of living that we had
prior to tho war while any one else was
making n cont out of the war. I think
our policy is right", and it is just, and it
ia in accord with tho best traditions of
our movemont.
Reason For Miners' Strike
And that is the roason of the great
South Wales strike. W.hen the cabinet
minister went down to settle'the strike
ho gave the minors what thoy asked-for
before the Btrike commenced. The sensible politician would have given it at
first and thus avoided the strike, becauso if it was just and fair after the
strike it wns just as just beforo the
Btrike commenced. You know what they
thought. They thought becauso the
men woro out fighting, because tho
trenches were filled with miners from
South Wales, because the minds of tho
men wore filled with tho Buffering, loss
and death and rapine of war, that they
would bo able to trade upon that fact
and make their profits and keep the men
in the mine.
Sounds Alright, But—
The minors havo worked loyally and
honorably Binco their concessions havo
been granted. I am very pleased,
friends, tho men took ihe attitude thoy
did, because there was a time not many
years ago when the employers would
Congress Convention il
Editor B. C. Federation^
been reading over the off
of the proceedings" of thi
couver eonvention of the]
Labor Congress of Canada!
to see any record of tl
though I remember that a n
at each session. The A. F.
now coming to hand from-
tain this information, ahd.
me there is no good reason
not have made a part of"
Vancouver, Nov. 16, 191j
So Many Workers Gone 1
Is Likely ShortaJ
The latest reports from '
seventy trndes organizati^
South-Wales show that a
provement is on the way 1,
WuIob. Some sections of"
trades had good qmplof
bricklayers, plumbers, tuck
plasterers report no improv
speaking of. Iron trades ni.
and have no unemployed.
ing industry, however, is i
most of theBe workers bain other avenues of trade. >
Railway Laborers Ve
There is plenty of work ■
labor on railway works no'
in the country. Men are"
for continually. Great diking experienced in obtainr
to railway construction w
platelayers. tOut of nearlj
quired recently, but 25 co
Lots Gone to the
The great difficulty now (
tho best workmen have goi
and if the present rate ol
persistod in, the day ia m
worker will be eagerly soi
Australia. *
School Teachers' V
There are twelve locals*]
erB' Union of Queenslut.
They net in nn advisory ca
government in rccoinmem
ments in school studies an1
ters that'tend to improve t
al institutions. Reeently
mado a study of the sche
been introduced at the roqu
tic folk to have tho childre:
nies for the war funds. Lai
erB signed a resolution
against the innovation or
abuses that accompanied
pointed out that, in their e
exceed each other, the you
likely to find it ensy to bo
Bional beggars und thiev
whose parents were slow ti
nnd others besides, accost
on tho streets for money,
few made way with valuabl
house, which wero sojd for i
plenish the funds in the war
a noblo, moral, uplifting i
war and its votaries who pr
have succeeded, but they ca
now.   The man who is mt
out' of the war is being reg
old country as a man on!
socially ostracized.    Peopb
In tho old days it would hav!
is  a clever man;  my wa*
smart," and he would havt
a peer, but today, and it is |
hope of tho world when the
of humanity begins to look *
called upper classes, aa my :
says, the dirty  classes—bi
never wash themselves and •
us to do it for them—when i1
upper classes   are   soeiallj1
when it is felt and quite se1
a man's money is made by 1
little children of the man v
ing in the trenches. ■•
The Caution King's \
■ Another thing that has bed
as a result of thiB war waa i
dous power and influence ol
international armament riifl
me, Mr. Chairman, for inter
your politics, but when Ij
reading your papers the art*
much like those we read the
almost as if they were wrif
same man. However, that
ring was international in.chit
British ring was representee
Krupp directorate, and the 1
torate was represented on
British Shells Sink Owt
The shots that were mod?
in the Dardanelles and sunt
were mode by British capitafc
I said I wanted to tear thi.
and I want to do it. It hai'
on the whole of the working
mont. If you will read the
utterances of all the nations '-
a particle of evidence to
either nation tried to get tl
the trouble; but all of them
ing "if you support thia ei
you refrain from supporting':
tryf If you do this, willyou^
And the diplomacy of Kurt?
last fifteen years has been tl
lution- of balances to satisfy
tlon of kings, and I am m\*
people of Europe will boo*
choose betwoen deBpotism of*
the triumph of domocracy.   l
This Speaks for ]
Established ln London (Ei
Telopbone Soymour 7166     ,'
Telegrams, "Till, y,
Merchants, P. O. Box *
Messrs. Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor Temple Bulldli
Oct. 7
"Shetland Pony Fold'
Dear Sirs,— j
We feel that wo cannot ,
matter as done with, till wc V
you -our host thanks for—-a.
your our hearty congratulation
above most artistic productio.
We are very particular ps'
when we say that tho folder ol
our best hopes and expectation
paying you a very high comp*
Yours very truly, '
W. Howard Head |,
607 Northwest Trust Bui
BOO Bichards Street
This Speaks for It


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