BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Oct 1, 1915

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcfed-1.0345102.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcfed-1.0345102.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345102-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345102-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345102-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345102-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345102-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345102-source.json
Full Text
bcfed-1.0345102-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcfed-1.0345102.ris

Full Text

Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUBTBIAI, UNITT i 8TBENOTH. -4^> OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVEB TBADES ASD LABOB C0UN**1I. ASD B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB ^^POLITICAL UNITY: VICTOBTI
I SEVENTH*    i***$o.40
:>-*g —
VANCOUVER; B. C, FftlDAY, OCTOBER 1,1915
EMPLOYMENT
[Reliable Information from
Special Correspondent
of Federationist
(Conditions  Generally  Are
Better—Slackness in
Some Trades
j Special Australian Correspondence.
(By W. F. Ahern)
,     SYDNEY, N. S. W., Sept. 10.—My
i latest report on the conditoin of the
Australian labor  market   is   compiled
from authentic information specially secured from all quarters for The Federa-
11 tionist.
In the Building Trades.
In this section an improvement is noted when compared with last reports.
This is mainly due to the great activity
now going ou in the building of private
dwellings. The improvement iB noted
mostly in the bricklaying, carpentry,
plumbing and tuck-pointing sections,
Painting and plastering are about tho
same as at last report.
Looking over the applications filed
with the municipal councils for permits
to build, it would seem that we are undergoing a revival of tho building activity in progress prior to the war. In
the carpentry and joinery sections especially is this noticeable, and I have
the further assurance that much work
ia talked of for the future.
Tailora and Textiles.
There Ib very little demand for labor
at present, in ' the tailoring section,
'there is, however, great activity in military contracts, which offsets.any slackness In the ordinary trade. In the wool-
, lea textile - making, great activity still
prevails, owing to war orders for soldiers' clothing. Overtime in this section will be worked for some considerable time to come. In the boot trade,
work was not as plentiful as at last re-
Sort; and in some places part time only
> being worked.
Engineering and Metal.
The activity reported last month still
. continues.  In the boilermaking and en-
11 gineering there is very little unemployment.  In the electrical section work is
limited, but any shortage of work here
was more than met by the great demand
for men for military and naval requirement!. " In'  the   ironmouldlng section,
work ii plentiful.   Owing to the difficulty of procuring spelter, it is feared,
(however, that work in this section will
/get slack, and wire-work may have to
'■ close for ji time.
Food Supply Trades.
Owing to a shortage of raw material
j there was some unemployed in the sugar
Industry.   This, however, is but a local
item, and will right itself in thq course
\ of a few days.' In the flour milling in-
S dustry the shortage of wheat as last
1 reported still continues.    Prospects in
I this section are not too bright till the
I new harvest wheat comes forward.  The
[ demand for labor in the meat packing,
I butchering and cold storage trade was
, Jess than at last report.   The old difficulty of securing shipping space still
■ continues, together with the embargo
placed on meat exports by the military
| authorities.   Another reason for slack-
< ness is a shortage of contracts from the
i British government' for canned meats.
Among tbe Printers.
A slight improvement is reported in
this heading.'  The government printing
offices are working overtime, as beforo,
but the edmand foe labor in private
shops and works is still short.
Shipbuilding and Woodworking.
For some months past the demand
for labor in this section has been exceptional, the various secretaries reporting that they have not a single man out
of work.   The future prospects seem as
good as the experience of the past few
months.
With the exception of the sawmilling
branch, the demand for labor iB bettor
than at last report. In the furnishing
trade there is less unemployment, and
the coopering trade is good and has
prospects of a bright nature for some
time to come.
Nationalised Brlokmaktng.
Matters, as before reported, are still
b»d hero. Many of the works are overstocked, and operations are suspended.
The revival of the building boom, however, will find work for many in this
trade.
Another reason for the slackness in
the brick-making industry, especially In
New South Wales, is the fact that the
government bricjimaking works are getting all the trade they can do, owing
to their bricks being 43 per 100 cheaper
than the bricks of tbe private makers.
Indeed, since the operations of the New
South Wales government yards have assumed great proportions, several private
companies have been forced to abut up
altogether. Whereas the private yards
supplied all the government works with
• bricks, these orders now go to the government yards—one government yard
having a capacity alone of over 1,000,-
000 bricks per week.
Transport and Miners.
Demand for labor is good in tanning,
fell-mongerlng, papermoking, rope making, tallow and allied1 works, and few
men are out of work.
There is a better report to be made
for this section than that of last month.
The timber carting sections, which in
the early months of the war were much
unemployed, aTe now very busy. Owing
to the wool season being In fall swing,
the carters in this department are also
busy. Carters and storemen are also
benefiting because of this activity.
The demand for general laborers of
all classes is slack, at time of writing.
The miners are still suffering much
unemployment, as last reported, owing
to the embargo on coal by the military
authorities. The government have had
to open relief work's to take up some
of the unemployed,   there Is no immo-
PBBD MANSBL
A South Vancouvor member of the Bookbinder!' union, who represented that body ti
a delegate to thr recent Vancouver convention of the Tradei and Labor Congress of Canada.
diate prospect of the  matter getting
l better, either.
Conditions Generally Better.
Since writing the above, I have had
a message from the federal government
stating that for all Australia, conditions
are better than at' any time during the
war. At the outbreak of Vftxr, last August, 1914, the percentage of unemployed in Australia was 10,7. At the present time it is but 9.5 per cent.
In New South sWales the conditions
are better than in any other state -—due
to the action of the Labor government
of that state, taking a firm action in
directing operations, controlling works
and fixing prices of foods.
FOB RETURNED SOLDIEBS
New South Wales Preparing Scheme of
Land Settlement,
The Labor Congress last week recommended that public lands Bhould be
opened up to enable returned soldiers to
settle on them instead of going to swell
the army of unemployed1 at the close of
the war.
The New South Wales government is
setting aside 250,000 acres for a similar
purpose.
The lands will be made available for
homestead farms, which can be taken up
by payment of a nominal deposit. An
exemption from paying rent for the flrst
five years can be obtained by settlers
effecting improvements to an equivalent
value. In addition arrangements are
being made to advance settlers pound
for pound on all improvements as they
are effected on crown tenures, such as
homestead farms. By this means, it is
anticipated, settlers with .but limited
means will be enabled successfully to
occupy and work the farms.
PRINTERS ADVBGATE
NDUSTRIAL
Closer Affiliation of Allied
Crafts Is Believed
Now Necessary
Changed Industrial Conditions Bring Many New
Problems
Another Socialist Enlists.
Boy Matthews, ex-secretary of the B.
C. provincial executive of the Socialist
Party of Canada, and late assistant editor of the Western Clarion, has enlisted
as a telegrapher for overseas service,
Carpenters Leave Town.
J. A. Key, well-known locally as a
member of the Carpenters' union, left
Vancouver this wook for Montana.
"Jimmy'* Smith alBO left for "parts
unknown."
Machinists' New Editor.
Fred Hewitt, Washington, D. C, has
been elected editor of the Machinist's
Journal by a referendum vote, to succeed Arthur E. Holder, who haB been
acting editor since the death of D.
Douglas Wilson some months ago.
McGilllvray Writes.
W. McGilllvray writes this week from
St. Nazaire, France. He arrived there
on the Carpathia with horses and grain
from America. "Bill," who will be
remembered as a member of the looal
Painters' union, is evidently seeing life
these days. From St. Nazaire he expected to go to Liverpool,
Mr. Holtby to Boost Circulation.
The Federationist has just completed
arrangements with Mr. Thos. Holtby to
take charge of und push its circulation
throughout British Columbia. Mr. Holtby proposes to make a tour of the entire
province in the interests* of this paper,
and any assistance rendered him by the
members of organized labor will be appreciated by the directors. *"*
California Federation.
The annual convention of tho California State Federation of Labor will convene in Santa Rosa noxt Monday, and
continue in session throughout the week.
More than 300 delegates will be in attendance, and many matters of vital importance to the wage earners of tho
state will be considered.
New Trial for Lawson.
The supreme court of the State of
Colorado haB ordered a new trial in the
Lawaon ease, and has forbidden the notorious Judge Hillyer to sit as judge in
any more of the strike oases. The infamous attempt to railroad Lawson to
state's prison for life for a crime that
he did not participate in or have knowledge of, aroused a storm of protest all
over the eountry, the newspapers generally condemning the affair as an outrage
and the decision of the Colorado supreme court is only an act of belated
justice leading, it is to be hoped, to a
complete reversal of his infamous conviction.
Labor in Britain.
Reviewing the effect of the first year
of war on the labor market, the British
Board of Trade Labor Gazette says that
although the flrst shook of war caused
muoh disorganization, there is now very
little unemployment except in a few
luxury trades, while in a number of industries, notably coal mining, engineering, shipbuilding, agriculture and transport, the demand for labor greatly exceeds the supply. On August 6 there
were 17,274 men and 41,374 women on
the registers of the labor exchanges,
against 19,993 and 43,700 respectively a
month ago. During the year two and a
half million working people have had
Increases in rates of wages or war bonuses amounting to over two million
dollars a week, or over three shillings
per capita to those benefiting.
For some years the question of closer
affiliation of trades unions in the printing industry has been more or less discussed, but no action tending to bring
this about has resulted. The idea seems
to prevail that the unions cannot come
together in closer affiliation until the international officers give consent. If this
idea is permitted to dominate,the membership, closer affiliation of the printing
trades unions will never be effected.
The Officers' Way.
There are two forms of closer affiliation. One-(that apparently favored by
the international officers) merely seeks
to have the wage scale agreements entered into and expire at the same time,
and, in the event of lockouts or strikes,
each union to guarantee its share in
financing the same, etc.; the workers
remaining divided along present craft
lines, with all the separate headquarters and international and local offices
to maintain at great expense, and the
possibility of developing another set of
paid officials to prey upon the already
overburdened membership. This form
of "closer affiliation" would be of little
or no benefit to the workera in the industry, but would, undoubtedly, give'
our so-ealled "high" officials a longer
lease on their well-paid jobs.
Want More Industrialism,,
The second form of closer affiliation
proposes to eliminate all craft divisions
and terms that now separate the workers into small isolated groups and bring
them together into one industrial union
for the purpose of promoting the common interests of all workers in the industry. This would, for one thing, do
away with the numerous headqnarters
asjd international officials maintained at
great expense to. the dues-paying membership. This is closer affiliation in the
real sense of the term, and will not be
brought about by permitting the matter
to rest in the hands of those whose
material interests are promoted by perpetuating the present craft division. The
closer affiliation having as its object
the amalgamating of all craft unions in
the printing industry into one solid industrial union can only be brought
about by the dues-paying members of
the unions.
Conditions Have Changed.
Industrial conditions have changed,
and are continually* changing, and we
must endeavor to conform thereto. All
about us we see consolidations taking
place in the newspaper, and book and
job industry, which means the elimination of many plants. This, together
with continued improvement in machinery, development of new processes,
Bpeeding up, etc., displaces many workers, thereby greatly increasing the number of unemployed. We cannot cope
with industrial conditions divided, as
We were, into small,groups, each a law
Unto itself, seeking to promote its interests irrespective of and many times
at the expense of each Other; to say nothing of the fact that many workers in
the industry are unorganized.
Advise Only One Union.
Our interests as workers are the same.
All workers in an industry are integral
parts of that industry; the labor of all
ib essential to the production of the finished article. If we are necessary to
the employer, then we are accessary to
each other.
Employers sink their personal differ-
enceB and organize in one union for the
promotion of their mutual economic interests. But we, tho workers in the industry, nre divided and at war with
each other.
Fellow trade unionists, if in the past,
through our isolated craft groups, we
have gained benefits for those eligible
to membership, how much more could
we gain by organizing all the workers
in the printing industry into one industrial unionl
Seattle Takes the Lead.
Realizing the urgent necessity of
closer affiliation that will result in tho
industrial organization of all workers in
the printing Industry, and that this can
only be brought nbout through the efforts of the rank and file of the printing trade unions, a number of Seattle
workers In good standing in their respective trades unions have organized
the Printing Workers' Industrial Educational League, with headquarters at
424 Harrison Street, Seattle, Washington, for the purpose of carrying on a
campaign of education for industrial
unionism.
We call upon our fellow trade unionists In the United States and Canada to
co-operate with ub and establish
branches of the Printing Workers' Industrial Educational League.
The Printing WorkerB' Industrial Educational league will, as Ub means permit, issue leaflets, devoted to industrial
unionism, for circulation among trade
unionists In tbe printing industry.
Industrial unionism must be developed from the bottom up; not from the
top down.
Bead, think and act with us, Pass
this to your fellow worker. For information, address aa above.
TO INCREASE THE
USEFULNESS OF
FEDERATIONIST
Th* management of The B. O.
Federatlonltt 1> dadioni of extending the wop* and uaef nlneaa
of thla paper, particularly lh tbe
Province of Brittah Columbia.
With, thla object lh -dew, we ue
prepared to tend the paper free
for three months to anyone who
may fMl eo far Intereited aa to
accept onr offer.  ;
We make no disguise that we
are ont for circulation, and tho
lncreaaed preatigo which accruea
from It.
In thla endet-ror we aak the active lntereat and eupport of all
our readera.
Do you know anyone whom
you believe would* be Intonated
ln thla paper? If ao, will yon
pleue beatlr yourielf enough to
■end u hla name and address.
That'a all.  We will do the reat.
The B. O. Federatlonist ia the
most free lance and really Independent of all the publications ln
British Columbia, ind we believe
lt hu a field of usefulness wblch
could be considerably enlarged by
the active assistance of our readers.
Will yon help? If so, please
get a move on.
UP LOCALLY
Delegates from Other Provinces Were in Great
Demand
Every Local Union Put on
Its Sunday Clothes for
the Occasion
(VOT)     $L50 PER YEA«
Interesting Statistics Show
Varied Results of the
Measure
Misuse of the Word "I"
Avoid the use of the personal pronoun "I"as much as possible. Though
the shortest of words it breathes the
spirit of egotism, arrogance, selfishness
and coneelt. Among people of ordinary
manners, "I" is diatastcful. Its too
frequent use by a former president
helped not a little in his defeat for reelection.—Life.
Not since the American Federation of
Labor met in Seattle has there been so
much activity seen in and around labor
olrclea in Vanoouver as during the convention of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada here last week. There
may be depression in overy part of the
Dominion, but there is no discounting
the value and beneficial effects of the
visit paid by the more active spirits
from other provinces. Pessimists would
say that it is a question of misery liking eompany, but' those who know better
than to approach thoso bugboars of the
labor movement with anything short of
a ten-foot pole think differently.
For that reason, they took full ad
vantage of the occasion to talk over
and take counsel with the visitors as to
the best ways and means of tiding over
till the dark days hnve passed into the
limbo of things forgotten.
International organizers who came
here figuring that they were going to
have a quiet spell, met with the disallu-
sion of their lives. Every local union,
evon •down to thoso who could only
raise a quorum, rallied to a meeting of
its membership, books, papers and other
properties, and insisted upon their particular international representative being there to tell them all the news from
far and near.
"Jimmy" Simpson, interviewed by
The FederationiBt upon his arrival, gave
It out for the edification of all and sundry, that he was hero in the moat private of all capacities, outside of his
duties as a delegate. But he got "roped
in" even beforo tho convention started.
On Sunday evening, Sept. 19, he addressed a crowded meeting in the First
Presbyterian church. Last Sunday he
completed hiB repertoire by addressing
his "very own" organization, to wit,
local 220 of the I. T. U., in a speech of
twenty minutes, which wae thoroughly
enjoyed by all present.
The case of "Jimmy" was only typical of the fate which mot any one of the
delegates of outstanding notability who
attended the convention.
ENLARGE PRINTERS! HOME
Plana to Add Accommodations at Considerable Oost.
Extensions to the printers' home at
Colorado Springs at a big cost are to be
started soon, according- to Marsden O.
Scott, president of the International
Typographical union. The recent typographical convention endorsed the plan
and the question will be submitted to a
referendum vote of the union printers
this month.
In the event the plan Ib favored the
tax on the union printers will be increased five cents per month per member, which will net about $30,000 more
a year for the home. At present the
Institution is a £100,000 a year proposition. The plans for the extensive improvements have been drawn. There
are 210 aged printers in the borne, and
the waiting list contains 25 names.
Carpenters Would Re-affiliate.
Local union 617 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners decided last Monday night to apply to toe
Trades and Labor couneil for re-affiliu-
tion with that body. If tbe application
is accepted, the following will be the
delegates: Jas. Campbell, O. H. Hardy
and J. W. Sherman.
Tom Besson Is Dead.
Tom Beeson, a very well-known socialist of Nelson, B.C. and a former proprietor of the Nelson Club Cigar fac-
oory died at his brother's home in Nelson last Tuesday. Details of his demise
are not available in the bare announcement w,hieh eamo just as the Fcdern-
tionlst was going to press. Among
others, his friend Clem Stubs will bo
present at the funeral.
Much Data Is Added to the
Information Bearing on
This Problem
At the Baltimore convention of the
Cigarmakers International union, O. W.
' Perkins, the president, was instructed
to ascertain through his offlce from tbe
various locals throughout the United
StateB and Canada what effect prohibition had on their trade in the localities
wherever it was instituted.
A List of Questions.
Answers were requested to tbe following questions:
1. Has prohibition ever been tried
in your city or jurisdiction f
1    If sofa)   How many members were employed before prohibition, became oper-
I atlvet
ib) How many members were employed on an overage during- prohibition!
(c) How many lost employment during the prohibition periodf
(d) What would you estimate the
natural increase in the number employed in the trade if it had not been for
prohibition f
2. Were there what waB known as
"Speak Easys" or "Blind Pigs" established during prohibition?
(a) Did prohibition result in having
intoxicants Bent in to bo consumed in
kitchens,--clubs, etc.f
3. Did the population increase!
(a) Did the population decrease!
(b) Were other tradesmen thrown
out of work!
(c) Did the cost of living increase
or decrease!
4. Were wages generally increased
or decreased during this period!
6, Do you know whether the Bale of
drugs (dope) increased during this
period!
6. Do you consider tbat drunkenness
decreased!
The Replies from Un/ons.
When the replies came in, 136 unions
reported that prohibition had been tried
under their jurisdictions.
. One hundred and thirty-one unions reported 661 members were employed before prohibition became operative; 115
unions reported that 4060 members
were employed on an, average during
prohibition, and that 1247 members lost
employment during' the prohibition
period1. - j
Sixty-seven unions estimated tlje nat-I
urtol increase in the number employed
in the trade if it had not been for prohibition, as 2505.
One hundred and eight unions reported that 118 Speakeasys, or Blind Pigs,
were established during the prohibition
period.
One hundred nnd twenty unions reported that intoxicants were Bent in to
be consumed in kitchens, clubs,, etc.
Twenty-seven unions reported the
population Increased during, tbe prohibition period; 57 unions reported that
the population decreased during the
prohibition period. •
Seventy-three unions reported thnt
other tradesmen were thrown out of
work during the prohibition period.
Sixty-nine unions reported the cost of
living increased during the prohibition
period; five unions reported the cost of
living decreased during the prohibition
period.
Ten unions reported wages generally
increased during the prohibition period:
20 unions reported wages decreased
during the prohibition ppriod.
Eighty unions reported nn increase of
drugs during the prohibition period.
To the question "Do you consider
that drunkenness decreased during prohibition," 05 unions reported "No."
T% the question "Do you consider
that drunkenness Increased during prohibition," 18 unions responded "Yes."
The summary of the foregoing interesting statistics, which were given over
the signatures of the presidents nnd
secretaries of the unions, nnd bearing
tbe union seal, among other Interesting
things show that of the 1.16 unions reporting, Involving all told 6601 members, 1240 members lost employment,
and the estimate shows that 2505 really
lost employment.
One of the most important things disclosed by the summary is that 108
unions reported that 118 "Speakeasyc"
or "Blind Tigers" were stnblishod
during the prohibition period, which
shows that the sale of alcoholic drinks
continued under prohibition, but that
the city or state received no fevenue
whatsoever, which menus thnt an added
tax was placed npon the citizens generally, and tbat despite prohibition drunkenness did not decrease, on the contrary, 18 unions reported that in their
judgment drunkenness increased.
Eighty unions reported thnt thero
had boen an increase in the use of
drugs (substitutes for alcoholic stimulants) during the prohibition period.
THE COMPENSATION COMMISSION
Held Its First Session tn the Court
House Last Wednesday.
What was practically the first sitting
of tho commission, which is to gather
Information for tho guidance of the
government in framing the new Workmen's Compensation act, was held in
Vancouver court honso last Wednesday
night. Mr. A. Pinco, D. Robertson and
J. H. McVety, the commissioners, were
all present and received a deputation of
employers, chiefly consisting of builders,
who laid their ideas on the proposed
new aet before the commission. There
wns no objection to the general principle of the measure, but it waa asserted
that the rates of compensation which it
proposes to. pay, arc too high.
"Why didn't you lnugh at the boss's
joke, Bill!"
"Don't have to; I quit Saturday."
JAMES KEIR HARDIE    .
The veteran Labor member In the British, parliament who died of pneumonia at Glasgow last Sunday.
A. F. OP L. CONVENTION
Will Consider Promotion of Peace ln
Europe.
The official call Ib Issued for tbe
thirty-fifth annual convention of tbe
American Federation of Labor to be
held at Eagles' Hall, San Francisco,
Cal., beginning 10 o'clock' Monday
morning, November 8, 1915.
Representation in the convention will
be on the following basis: From National or International unions, for less than
4000 members, oen delegate; 4000 or
more, three delegates; 16,000 or mr
four delegates; «J2,U00 or more, five delegates; 64,000 or more, six delegates;
127,000 or more, seven delegates, and so
on, and from central bodies and state
federations, and from local trade unions
not having a atioal or internatiool
union, and from federal labor unions,
one delegate.
Reference to tbe War.
On the subject of the war, the call
says: "The tremendous conflict now being waged in Europe and lta possible
consequences and results, not only upon
the people of Europpean countries, but
upon the people pf America, as well sb
on the whole civilized world, must of
. necessity receive the deepest solicitous
consideration of the working people of
' America. How and what further action
can be taken by the American labor
movement to help bring amout an early
peace among the warring nations in
Europe; how that peace can be secured
with theestablishment and maintenance
of justice, freedom and brotherhood the
world over./*
Day Labor *t Xaalo.  ..
While the war lasts civic work in JjJSSf ^^ *ith the amount
Kaslo, B. C, will be done by day labor ?f SKmi W"1* de-emed *■«—1
and be given to men with families to ? i.l"t!l?,ie* ?°fBtl}^ and indeed
Bupport. thlTS ♦     countrie8» i* *■ Grange to
Congress Committee Meeting. -.
The final meeting of the local Congress convention committee will be held
in Room 217, Labor Temple, on Wednesday evening, Oct. 6, nt 7:30 o'clock.
Every member should be present.
Director G. A. Laing Says
British Columbia Is
Behind Times
Explains Objects aiid Pur-
poses of the City
Night'Schools
(By O. A. Laing)
Director of Technical Instruction, Van-1
couver City Schools.
There are still a great number of people who believe that a man can do several different kinds of work satisfactor-
I ily; that the jack of all trades is not'
necessarily a poor worker in each.
The Age of Specialisation.
They find it difficult to understand
the necessity in these days for careful
training, and above all specialization in
[occupation. In aU new countries the
worker has to be adaptable, be must be
able to turn his hand to, many different'
occupations. But the newest of countries soon finds that this first work is
1 of a temporary nature. The log cabin
gives place to tbe frame house, and
| the frame house is replaced by the
brick, stone nr concro'e building
What suits the pioneer will not suit
those who come after him, and if the
work is to improve, the worker must
not attempt to do everything by himself. The work must be specialized.
Each man must seek his special occupation which suits him, and must spend
his time in following that faithfully until he is master of It.
Subdivision of Labor. -
There is not a trade of any importance which has not been split up during
the last twenty or thirty years into
'several different branches, each branch
carried on by journeymen more or leas
acquainted with the other'branches. So
much has this altered conditions that in
any long established country it is an
accepted fact tbat the man or woman'
who is to become a first-class workman
must have special training in his or her
own particular occupation.
Technical Training ln B. O.
To anyone familiar with the amount
mj   Dci'UiiK   i»«   iii.iiiiiii.-ii   unu   AW*   pUUUU
to club the outdoor speakers and those
who listened to them, is working on a
lathe in a munition factory in the Old
Country.
Protest Against Taking Miners.
A deputation representing tho conl
mine operators of British Columbia, appeared before Messrs. Richardson and
Bnird, who have been sent by the Brit-
< ish government to this province to engage miners to go to England, last Tuesday, to protest agninBt miners being
tnken from the Crow's Nest Valley dis
trict.
Miners Take Notice.
Thomas Richardson, M. P., who hns
come over hero at tho instructions of
tho British government to engage miners for Britain, is staying nt tho Windsor hotel, Nnnnimo. All minors wishing
to get into touch with Mr. Richardson
should write bim thero giving full particulars of their mining experience, and
where they acquired it.
Votes for Women.
Equal suffrage will be a live question
before tho next session of the Alberta
legislature. The United Farmers' association nnd organized labor have both
agitated strongly in Its favor, and it is
I claimed thnt it would carry If submitted
to a vote of the eletorate. Premier Slfton has announced that he will take action on the question when tho House
meets.
 „  — vm.uhivbj n, is ni range to
think that a province like British Columbia is so backward in providing
facilltierfor technical education.
Building Op Industries.
The authorities are not so much to
blame for this lack ns the people themselves. The people must demand their
i education, and insist that their demands
are met. And therefore the peoplo must
roulize their own needs. If this province. Of lnrlnn.1  Hi-So «**•-   '■■■ ■*■--■■■
Anyox Miners Out and In. 	
#              »» vh. wu «.. .vuu«« muir own neeus.   if this prov-
Last Monday tho metalliferous miners ince, or indeod this city, is to become a
at Anyox, near Granby, B. C, walked permanent home of a largo population
out owing to a dispute with the mining tho basis of the existence of that podu-
company.   The trouble was settled on lotion must be made moro sure than a
Wednesday, and the union up there baB real estate boom oan make It.   '
wired that details will be sent down. Wo  must  realize  that  there  is   no
T. Organ... Sho, a*__ C^i" W^^jSjH*
While  hero   ns   a  delegate  to  the *"• _f speculate.    Tho basis of all
Trades nnd Labor Congress at Cnnada 'J"** prosperity ia work, and not merely
convention, E. A. O'Doll, international "le expenditure of brute force, but tho
organizer for the Boot nnd Shoo Work* «<**entiflcnlly directed and controlled ef-
ers, mnde the flrst arrangements for the *or' °-* the people..
formation of a local union of his orgnni* Technical Education Naadari
Findlayovaky at Wo*.           ! S^^tSnTat' £
James  Findlay,  sometime mayor of that they get this system.    They wiU
Vancouver, and who achieved notoriety evince their determination   to   secure
for his efforts to suppress freo speech something   hotter   when   they   realise
by Betting the mounted and foot police what the existing opportunities are.
to club the outdoor snnnJterN nml  tlinan Tf  ia   ntA: n»»   ni.,,..*.   *„   L.itiii.   _*.
It is not our place to belittle what
has been done. But what has been done
is the mere beginning. If tho existing
facilities are used to their utmost,
greater advantages must bo provided.
At present the nearost approach to
technical training in Vnncouver is to be
found in the night classes, which reopen
next month,
A effort is being mnde in these night
schools to provide for the educational
needs of those whoso school yours are
over, but who fed the necessity for fur-
ther study either along nesthotic lines
or in tho subjects with which they come
in contact in their daily avocations.
Past Work of Classes.
Those who have followed tho history
of the development of these classes enn
not but appreciate the good work that
they have (lone nnd arc still doing. Each
year sees an improvement in the class
of work, as well ns nn increase in the
number of students who take advantage
of them. The number of subjects taught
increases year by year, and is determin-
' ed only by tbe demand of tho students
for instruction. When this demand begins to become really equal to the needs
of the city and of the provinoe, tho present facilities in tho way of buildings
and equipment will bo seen to be inadequate.
What Toronto Has Done.
Toronto has spent a couple of million
dollara on a new technical school build-
| Ing. At present this building houses
about a thousand students—about one-
fifth of tho number it could accommodate. Vancouver should havo its technical school, and while wo do not suggest that at tho present moment It
would be possible to spend n quarter of
the sum tho school has coat Toronto,
we do hope that the citizens of this city
will discover before it Ib too late that if
tho city Ib to take advantage of the
good times tbat are predicted for "Canada, tt will havo to bo prepared with
tt.   .Lilt.,.!    t-I —Ll-i.    ••--
Trades Council Next Thursday.
There having beon five Thursdays
during September, tho noxt meeting of
Vancouver Trades and Labor council
will take place noxt Thursday night.
The report of the delegates to tho
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
convention will be among other business rr"' _*,„'_"."£*" *" "" p^nu wpi
,to come before tbe meeting, and all ™° *     .» ]abor 7hiah tho new P™*1-
delegates should make special effort to Wv.™ dSmnni A Kood *>««*nuing
lbe present. J0"'* be m,n,do *"* ™ expenditure of
_____ na,f * million dollars;  but the city
XfaA   ai Wamaama Wm. *h°U,d   n0t   bo   "Ontent   With   anything
Had a Pleasant Wot. §hort of tho bei)t                     7  *"«
Departing   delegates   who   attended Above all we must remember that the
last week's convention, woro unanimous safest economy   is   wise expenditure.
in their expressions of pleasure and sat- Hoarding money In a safety vault is not
isfaction at the way they hud  been saving.    Careful   expenditure,  backed
treated during their stay hero by tho and directed   by   scientific knowlodffe
locnl trade union movement.   No effort will secure its return  a hundred-fold'
wns spared by both private Individuals What the citizens want really badly
nnd the Trades and Labor council to they will get.   The people of a olty no
give tho delegates a happy recollection less than tho inhabitants of a state'snt
of thoir visit to Vancouver. the government they deserve.          *
f PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY OCTOBEE 1, 1915
INCOBPOBATED 1885
MOLSONS
Bank
CAPITAL and BESEBVE
(8,800,000
96 Branches in Canada
A general banking business transacted. Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 1NI
Paid-up Capital • - • I 11,100,00
Reserve      12,MO,000
Total Aaaata	
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DEPOSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
On* Dollar will open
tha account, and your
bualneaa will b* welcome ba It large or
amall
Branches and correspondents
throughout tbe world
THE
INCORPORATED
1S5S
BANK OF
TORONTO
Aiwta $62,000,000
Deposits $46,000,000
Joint Savings
Accounts
A joint savings account may be
opened ot The Bank of Toronto in
the names of two or more persons.
In these accounts either party
may sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different members of'a family or a Ann a joint
aeeonnt is often a great convenience, Interest is paid on balances.
Paid-up Capital.. ■- ..15,000.000
Besemd ftndi tt-807,171
Corner Hastings and Oimblt lti.
British Columbia
LAND
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of IM aeres
to Aetual Settlers—
Free
TEBMB—Besldence on the land
for at leaat three yearej Improw
meats to tb* extent of W per
aerej bringing under cultivation
at least Iv* aeres.
For further information apply to
DEPUTY umiSTBB OF
LANDS, VIOTOBIA, 8.0.
SEOBETAEY, BTOEAU OF
PBOVINOIAL INFOBMATI01I,
VIOTOBIA, B.O.
USE THE TELEPHONE
SAVE CAR FARE
It com money to travel. If you go
down town, thore is car fare to pay
both ways, and benides the trip takea
up the whole of tho morning or after-
noon. Thon, too. there in tho trouble
of getting ready.
Save al) expense, time anil worry
by using tho telephone. The telephone is particularly convenient to
peoplo ln suburban or outlying ilm-
trlcts. Al all tint A thoy can ordor
what thoy want from any Btore. Be-
aide*, thoy are always within reach of
their friends. No writing of Jetton, to
effect social engagements.
It la cheaper to telephone than to
travel.
It costs less to talk than to write.
TWBMTT-rOOB HOTO SBBVIOB.
British Columbia Telephone Co.
Llmltad
Published every Friday morning by tbo B. 0. Federations, Limited
R. Parm Pettipiece Manager
J. W. Wilkinson yi.yy ■sd"or
Office: Boom 217, Labor Temple.   Telephone Exchange
Soymonr 7495
Subscription: $1.50 per year; in Vancouvor City, $2;
to unions subscribing in a body, $1.
M. h. Frasler .....Advertising Mnnagor
Thos. Holtby Circulation Manager
REPRESENTATIVES^ ~"~"
New Westminster W. E. Maiden, Box 934
Prince Rupert ;.. .W. E. Denning   Box 581
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1538
Affiliated with tho Western Labor Preaa Association
"Unity of Labor: the Hope or tbe World"
FBIDAY OCTOBEE 1, 1015
ONE WEEK IS NOT a long enough
time for the conventions of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada to deal properly with the volume of
business which they have to transact eaeh
year.     This   opinion
has been growing in
COMOBBSB tho minds of many re-
OONVENTIONS        gul(ir. delegates to the
TOO short. ventions    for    some
years, and it has developed1 into a conviction after watching
last week's gathering in Vancouver.
o       •       •       •
Three night sessions had to be held, thus
adding another day and a half to the convention. Yet in spite of that, a number
of important resolutions and questions did
not receive the amount of consideration
they should have done, during the last
day of the convention. No one who was
present could truthfully say that was due
to time wasted] while in session, or on excessive entertainment.
»      •      •      •
Por the latter, only two half days were
set apart; and certainly the proceedings
were at all times conducted with an eye to
disposing of them in as expeditious and
as business-like a way as was consistent
with efficient and sufficient consideration
of them. Even the old-time delegates admitted that debate was never allowed to
wander far away, or get "sloppy" for
want of good chairmanship. They agreed
also, in speaking about it privately, that
another day or two would havo given a
much needed opportunity for dealing with
some things which could not be thoroughly considered as things were.
•      •      •      •
What time was available was spent to
the best advantage. The whole trouble
wbb that one week was not sufficient; and
the labor movement may as well make up
its mind that the time is pretty close at
hand when these annual conventions will
have to be spread over more than one
week, if they are to adequately serve the
purposes for which they are held. The
movement is growing. So is the number
and gravity of the many questions which
it has to deal with. And it is only natural
that sooner or later the duration of the
conventions will have to be more than
just one week.
VANCOUVER CITY COUNCIL has
turned down the motion of Alderman Crowe to submit a bylaw to
the people before next munioipal elections
which would call for the aldermen to be
elected  at large, instead  of  by  wards.
OAO This   was  no   more
S"18 than was to be expect-
WOK. e_ from the reaction
ary element which had
lined up against the proposal during the
past week or two.
»     .     .     •
There are two reasons why they did not
want the new plan adopted. One was that
it would have given the working class, a
much better chance of securing direct representation on the council. The other
was that it would have deprived some
aldermen of the vote catching device of
gaining special concessions and consideration for their wards. The impudence of
the whole thing lies in the reactionary
aldermen being able to prevent the electors saying what they wanted to do.
THE B. C. WESTERN CATHOLIC
calls attention in a recent issue to
what it considers the unjust imposition of municipal taxes on church property,  and adviseB the  members of its
church   to    organize
their vote for the pur-
TAXATIOK pose 0f electing ald'er-
011 men who will favor the
OHOBOHBS. exemption of that pro
perty from taxation.
It says in the article referred to;
Apart from private property in this
city, Catholics have hundreds of
thousands of dollars invested in
churches, schools, hospitals, convents
and other institutions and it is an imperative duty upon them to protect
those interests.
This is no new proposal, and makes its
annual appearance eaoh year about this
time. '
•a      ...     -.       9
But we cannot see that the B. C. Western Catholic has a leg to stand on after
examination of thoir case. This is how
church property is taxed in Vancouver.
Tho ground actually covered by the
church is exempt rom taxation. In addition to that, exemption is given on 25 per
eent. of the ground covered by other, property of the church. If ,it has grounds
surrounding it, they are ihcluded in the
amount upon which the 25 per cent, rebate is given. All ground other than
those mentioned is assessed and taxed in
the same way as other property.
....
That practically means that the ground
on which the institutions stand, whioh are
revenue-producing propositions, is the
only church property which is taxed.
These convents, hospitals and schools arc
all places where education or nursing arc
sold for money.   They are business insti
tutions just like any other. So ■ why.
should'they expect or claim exemption?
It would be just as logical to ask the same
privilege for the Labor Temple. The fact
that exemption is asked* in this case should
serve as a pretty plain intimation of what
will be done if those wanting it could secure enough control in the eity council to
force it through.
HE
HAB
GONE
KEIR HARDIE IS DEAD. The war
killed him, just as surely as if he
had been shot in battle. Wc do not
say this as a matter of sympathetic assumption, but out of a knowledge that it
is literally true. By a
coincidence, one of his
closest friends, and
who saw him but a
short time ago when
he *was in London for
the last time, came to Vancouver this
week. He snid that the old man was dying then; dying literally of a broken
heart.
....
All the ideals to which his life and great
powers had been devoted, seemed to be
shattered and broken. He had set his
heart on building the bulwarks of international concord out of the class consciousness of the world's workers. But in the
hour of test and trial, all his hopes and
wonderful visions came clattering about
his cars like a house of cards. Then followed public abuse, and all the persecution which falls to the lot of such as he,
when mob psychology for the time takes
control of a people and its press.
He was no longer a young man, and his
powers of physical endurance could not
withstand) the travail of spirit through
which he must have passed since this war
started. So he sank to his last long sleep;
not as he'would have done, with the knowledge that the working class of the world
was nearer than ever to realizing those
dreams of international solidarity which
shall banish war from the earth; but surrounded by the wreck and ruin of every
ideal for whioh he had fought the fight of
a giant, against all the powers of evil
which set man against man, and nation
against nation.
«   ■ .     .     #
His career was a monument of persistent purpose and faithful devotion to the
cause of the working class. Born in 1856
of working class parents in Ayreshire,
Scotland, he had no schooling, but he
taught himself to read, also to write long
and shorthand at a time when the latter
was considered a rare and exclusive accomplishment. At eight years of age he
went to work, and by the time he was ten,
was in the coal mines. The newly-formed
Ayreshire Miners' union had him for its
honorary secretary, and included in its
membership Andrew Fisher, the prime
minister of the commonwealth of Australia.
In 1888 he contested Mid-Lanark constituency for parliamentary honors, but
was not elected to the House of Commons
until 1892, when he entered the house as
an independent labor member for South
West Ham, a seat which he retained until
1895. In 1900 he was returned as labor'
member fbr Merthyr-Tydfil, and has retained that seat with increased majorities
at three elections since then. In 1892 he,
along with others, founded the Independent Labor Party.
#     .     *     .
The work of journalism claimed a good
deal of his time. From 1882 to 1886 he
edited the Cumnock News, and the following year founded and edited the Miner,
which afterwards became the Labor
Leader, which is in existence today. He
was always a firm believer in the propaganda value of the written word, and like
nearly every other man who has struggled to give the working class a newspaper of its own, he has experienced the
disappointment which comes of less than
lukewarm support,
.     ,     .     .
He had a heart as big as his ideals, and
his visions of working class possibilities
scorned the limitations set by national
boundaries. Canada, and the future of its
workers, claimed his closest interest. During his visit to the Guelph convention of
the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
he took occasion to gather around him
men from every part of the Dominion to
discuss with them the best ways and
means whereby the working class could
improve their industrial and political prospects in this country.
•      •      *      •
Those who were present at that meeting
will not readily forget the sterling advice
he gave them out of the wealth of his
practical experience of suoh matters. But
he has gone, and no man can yet measure
the effect of his passing at such a time.
Like Jaures, his death is an irreparable
loss; not only to the working class of the
country of his domicile, but to the proletariat of the whole world.
ply plain at any rate—that it did not intend to leave any ground for over-zealous
people to.make out that it supported prohibition.
*      #.    #     i.
Delegate Rigg of Winnipeg, told how
some of the clerical gentlemen in that city
had misrepresented the attitude of the
Trades and Labor council there on the
matter of prohibition. That undoubtedly
had some influence in causing the convention to take such action as would prevent
the Congress from being the victim of
similar sharp practice.
is not one of the least of its tragedies: The
relative efficiency of the cave man to the
college graduate of today was immensely
in favor of the cave man. The college
man can neither be fed, clothed nor sheltered without the multifarious services of
myriads of his fellow men. No cave man
ever went in fear of starving because the
cook had gone on strike.
OUTTINO
THB
PAINTER.
IT WAS WISE on the part of the convention not to mix the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada up with the
prohibition issue.   Ajjood deal of that
will be disposed of cither one way or the
other beforo Congress
meets again; but if it
had ranged itself on
one side or the other
of    the    flght,    the
"chances arc that the
detrimental  effect of having done  so,
would have remained long after prohibition as an issue had passed away.
....
Just whether it was necessary to absolutely sever the affiliation of the Congress
with the Social Servioe Council of Canada
in order to make the attitude of the Congress towards prohibition quite plain, is
an open question. The point which seemed
to weigh with the delegates was, that the
council had endorsed prohibition, and emphasized that by putting it in as a plank
in. its platform. The Congress, by withdrawing its affiliation, made one thing am-
IT WAS A
PARADOXICAL
FIOTOBB.
THE LAST TIME wc saw Keir Hardle was at the Guelph convention of
the Tradef and Labor Congress of
Canada, when he came as the first fraternal delegate from the British Trades
Union Congress to
Canada's parliament
of labor. The keynote
of his inspiring ad-
address was—as it always was—internationalism, and prevention of war by the
joint aetion of the workers 'of all countries. And surely no man ever spoke on
suoh a theme in a more inappropriate environment. The gathering was held in the
local armory, and the walls were covered
with a choice selection of blood spilling
tools in the shape of rifles, swords, revolvers, bayonets and various other implements used to emphasize the arguments of
war. But Keir did not seem to see them.
The fire of his faith outshone the glittering steel. Or perhaps it was the paradox
of the situation which spurred him to a
degree of eloquence which made his
speech a memory which will never pass
from those who heard it.
WHICH
DESTBOTS
THE HOME.
A STOCK ARGUMENT of those op-
opponents of socialism who had
not enough imagination to think
out original or well-founded reasons for
their views, was that it would destroy the
sanctity of the married state, and by so doing sap the foundations of society at
their most vulnerable
. point. It was to bring
"free love," and the begetting of children
was to be divested of all regard for the
legitimacy of their position in society.
That way, we were told, madness lay.
t • • •
But since the war started, it has remained for the governing class itself to relax
its attitude towards such fundamental institutions as matrimony and parentage.
Germany in particular, with its characteristic foresight and systematic way of doing things is already lowering the age at
which girls may marry, and adopting generally a more tolerant tone towards the
relations of the sexes. It is, in the language of that country, "a military necessity."
• .      •        a        •
Under that head, the oommon people of
Germany are expected to get busy and
make good the ravages which war has
made among the proletariat; so that when
the time comes for the next war, there
will be a sufficient supply of able-bodied
workers to be slaughtered. Such proposals, no matter under what guise they are
put forward, should deceive no one who is
not so stupid as to deserve to be deceived.
And there will not be as many of those
people in Germany—or any other European country for that matter—after this
war is over, as there were two years ago.
THE ONLY TIME we have felt reason to suspect the provincial government of a desire to be serious in
the inatter of working class legislation, is
in respect to the new Workmen's Compensation act. We
„„.„.„„.,.-™. know practically no-
,°2™^S^i thing of the other two
LEGISLATION member8 0f the com-
COMMISSION. mis8ion   wMch  Btarts
'■'.'■ on Monday to collect
evidence, but the trade union representative, J. H. McVety, has for years made a
close and effective study of the subject,
and is admitted on all sides to be the most
competent man for the work. No doubt
the act is meant to be a vote catcher. That
is what we mean by the government being
serious over it. But it's an all-wind these
days whieh Wowb no good.  .
Tho stock of gold in tho United States
is stated to be $500,000,000 greater than
before the war. The guilt of war is one
thing; the gilt of peace is another.
If only the same thoroughness with
which men are trained for war, were applied to training them for peace, there
would be less chance of war.
We know a few miners on Vancouver
island who, if they are taken to England
by the British government, will never
want to see this province again.
Professor Garner, who has made a life
study of monkeys, says they reason like
men. But looking around the world today, we should have thought it might have
been put the other way about.
ONCE UPON A TIME when the simple tool was owned by the individual worker who used it, the product of his labor was his, and he, in consequence, enjoyed a certain amount of economic freedom.   But
. in this age the tool,
f™0* T0 which is now the com-
„" plex machine of so-
pbinoiples. cialized productivity,
has passed out of the
possession of the class which uses it, and
into the hands of the class which docs not
use it. Here is where the antagonism of
interest centers between the working class
and the owning class.
• •      •      •
The resultant conflict and struggle arising out of this, is destined to grow in intensity until the ownership of the tools of
production iB restored to the class that
uses them. It is necessary that it should
be so bofore equity can be established in
the relations of human society. It is also
necessary in order that the integrity of
the human race may be preserved and its
progressive development assured.
• •      •      •
The working class, dispossessed of the
means of life in the shape of the machinery necessary to produce its daily life
necessaries, is known as the proletariat—a
class having no property to sell but its
power to labor. Into this class the present
middle class of society is steadily being
forced, by the same laws which operated
to dispossess the former owners of the
simpler tools and the resources of life.
Society is as yet in solution. The logical
development of oapitalism will precipitate
the new order. That will be social ownership of the means of life.
CIVILIZATION IS A NAME for a
Bocial scheme which undermines
the self-reliance and initiative of
men. The subdivision and the distribution of the labors necessary to maintain
men in food, clothing
and shelter, has pro-
THE PENALTY ,iu(,e(j a complex eco-
FOB BEING nomic   order   which
CIVILIZED. getg out of gear as an
entity immediately
any one of its units ceases to function.
The loss of individuality to the individual
With the conclusion of the war, a revolutionary situation is almost certain to
arise in one or more of the countries on
the continent of Europe. In that case,
the workers over there will get a chance
to strike a blow for freedom such as they
havo never had before.
Westminster
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
3. 3. JONES,       J. A. RENNIE,
Mao. Director Sec.-Treas.
AOTS AS ASSIGNEES,
LIQUIDATORS AND
RECEIVERS
INSURANCE IN ALL
ITS BRANCHES
Houses, Bungalows, Stores
and modern suites for rent
at a Wg reduction.
Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at
$2.50 up.   Wills drawn up free of
charge.
Deposits accepted and Interest at
Four per cent allowed on dally
balances.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
The Rev. Welch, who made a brief address at last week's Trades Congress convention, appealed to the working class to
"see that the Carpenter of Nazareth got
a sqvfere deal." He evidently thought it
was no use leaving the job to the parsons
these days.
Whoever owns the means of production
owns everything else, including, in the
last analysis, the producer as well as his
product. From a strictly eoonomio standpoint the laborer, under capitalism, is no
more than a means of production himself.
British Columbia is, to a considerable
degree, a bubble blown out of the soft
soap of people who managed for a time to
make outsiders think that speculation in
land which had never been improved in
productiveness, was a sign of genuine development.
As between nations, allies may become
enemies, and foes may become officially
friends at the stroke of a diplomat's pen.
But the exploiting class and the working
class are mutually hostile by the very law
of their being. The temporary conflicts
within either class must in the long run
give way to the need of showing a solid
front to its natural enemy.
The military "experts," who do not
seem to be expert at anything except being inexpert, tell us a lot about "the key
to the whole situation" of the war. The
real key is coal, or rather the man who
digs it. Both spend most of their time
out of sight, which perhaps accounts for
"experts," who cannot see anything until
it hits them on the nose, not having mentioned the fact.
While the politicians of the Balkan
states are see-sawing on the war question,
the representatives of the socialist and
labor union bodies held a conference
and formed a Balkan federation of labor.
They also voted to demand the formation
of a Balkan republic, protested against
their several countries being dragged into
war, and instructed their officers to notify
the labor bodies of the world of the action
they had taken.
. The action of the British Columbia coal
operators in protesting against miners being taken from the Crow's Nest Valley is
a dog in the manger attitude. Representatives of the miners of that district were
in Vancouver last week and told of the
large number of unemployed miners there.
Do the operators want them to stay
there as a menace to the jobs of those who
are employed, so that the latter ean be
scared into docility by fear of losing their
employment.
Count Zeppelin is counted as a great
count because he haB devoted his life to
the production of an instrument for taking other peoples' lives. But it does not
seem to have accomplished much, even as
a weapon recognized under the laws of
"civilized" warfare. The chief thing it
has succeeded in doing up to now is to
kill people who wore not engaged in actual fighting. Considering all the brains
and intelligence which must have been
necessary to bring it into being, its work
has been the most miserable of all the
things which are part of war, the most
miserable game on earth. What a business for a man endowed with full physical and mental powers to devote his life
to!      • ;>.\
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-MEETf
tot   and    third    Thursdays.     Ezeettlm
Pettlptac, viee-presldonti Scorn Butto
fhtatiffiB****'?' 'U0 L'b»r «Sple?*ffiS
SmShm.'"*'• tn>»'i'™r; Frod. A. Hoover,
.tntlitloian   eorgeant*at*ariM, John Sully* A
TatsS__j „H«h8li *WS
BABTBNpi***-"-'   -^OCAI,   No.  lis^ST-
n™,"Se' ?oom m -****-*-°r Tetania.—Ma
BK1UKLAYEKS' ANU MASONS', NO.".
9 •,„*&■* """r lB« and 3rd Tuesday.
HaSiSV* S?.°m "h. Preaident, JiraM
H.      ,7 Sprreaponding secretary  wi .
BKU'i'llEBHOOD   OF   BOILER    MAKERS '
«(/£L£ni,m» ■""■J"™ *■*"- a-?
or Anuria,   Venoouvor  Loin   Ho.   I*
"•••J «r«  and   third  MonKy.,1  p" m.
KT-iEh ^ 0,.ol)b,1!t 'J tnin-ithm
Un.7'     """"r, A* »raa.r. 11J1 Bom
WOKS,    WAJTEBB    AND    WAITRESSES
S!!****. ';" "' m" —°" T-mJ>'*-*   A. Or"
Ma* vS""."* -Staftmmttttt,   Otto.:   Room
iS?'eL?J°J tm"»„ Hear.:   ano a, m. to
li'.LULX' "' -PoBPi'"" k«lp Jnrniri.4 j
oa short nou...   Phon* BeyMoar aau.        '
DISTRICT COUNCIL Of OABPENTlil
. B..U In room 30), Labor Tmn\,. mo.
oad and toarth Thursday al aa-- -*-V"!
8' ,n«p™f!M*". O-H* Herd,
*:.L»B'?fi'' '""onr, W. T.'         „.
cal No. 117 meats   tot   and   third   Hon*
tot and third Tawday .t eaek month.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. Ill
„    —"••'a room 101, Labor Temple, erery
?,?,•"■#• '.»' »•    Pnald.nl, Sam. dawk!?
H. Hogan, Ubor Tempi.! Inanclal secretary
UODOARRIERS, BUILDING AND COMfoit
.hl-jlte? "'•n. No. et-lluta tol and
™rd.«lday ol .aoh month, Labor Temple.
Pre.ld.nl, t. 0. Anpl.br, rtl» PendrUI S.I
••.rrtery, Oiorge Harrison: business arent
John Sub j, room 280, Labor Temple. IS
laborer, intlt.d to meetlag.
MACHINISTS, NO. Itl—MEETS SEOOND
i u-Sift"1 'l!4"" " ' »• »• *re.ldeat,
j. Molror; rosudlag ...Mary, J. Brooks.:
Inanelal aeereiair, J*U. M.y.it.    ""'"'•
PLASTERERS' OPERATIVE INTERN*
TIONAL ASSOCIATION, No. 1» -
MeeU .T.ry tot and third Wednesday In Ihe
month In room 101, Ubor Temple. Pruldent, A. Hurry: Tlc.-pr.ild.nt, A. BiruUea;
.orr..pondlug .ecretery, Joe Oorniah, 1101
El.T.nth annua .aal| Inanelal sscretary,
Qeorge Montgomery; treasurer, Harold Raid.
PATTBRN MAKERS' LEAGUE OP
.,..,-NPRTS A»"lRtOA.-Vanoouver and
vicinity. Bmnoh meete 1st and Srd Fri-
day. at Labor Tempi., room 101, H, Nliht-
"H"1, ""S".'-". V' a«>r—ih anna,
east: Jos. O. Lyoa, Inanelal aeeretary, mi
0rl"1' " Jtt'i J* OampbBll, recording aaV
retary, Wll Argyle atreet.     "__   —"
"■Pfc^SB lUOTBIO RAILWAT EM=
H-Onu, Pioneer slrlaion, Na. 101—
SSSt^V'J IS""'1!' J""""1 "* '""'H- Wed.
nudus at 9:10 and t p. m. Preildant, Joa.
Hnbbb; recording aeeretary, Ju. I. OrUU*
iJt-JtSW1 *™1M HSi: «"*»nelal ee»
SoWJi __" __ *«. A. Heorer,
JOTONEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OP
AMERICA Local No. 171—Meeting.
h.ld dret Tuesday In eaeh month, 1 p. m.
«'i°''fe'"i, !r*n."il11 William.: vic.-pre.Id.nt,
MlssH. Outterldge; recording see, 0. M»
J**.**"***' ■»« «M| nnanclal secretary, K.
Patereon. P. 0. Bon 601,
TYPOGRAPHICAL    UNION,    NO.    Ill—
Meeta laat Sunday of eaeh month at 9
p.m.   President, R. Parm. Pettlplece; vice*
£ resident, W. S. Metsger: ..cr.tary.trea.urer
:. H. Neelanda, P, 0. Box 68.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOB—Meets
ln annual eonvention ln January, Exec-
utlve offlcen, 1815*16: Preeldent, A. Watchman ; vice-president.—Vancouver, W. F.
Dunn, J. H. McVety; Victoria. B. Simmons:
Hj" Westminster, W. Yam; Prince Bupert,
W. E. Denning; Revelstoke. J. Lyon; District 28, U. M. W. ot A. (Vancouver Island),
8. Sutbrle; Dlitrlet 18, U. M. W. ol A.
(Crow'. Nut Veltey), A. J. Carter; eecre-
tarytreaaurer, A. S. W.lie, P. 0. boi list,
Victoria, B. 0,
VICTORIA, B. C.
VICTORIA TRADEB AND LABOR OOUN-
. . OIL—Mut. tot and third Wedaueey.
Labor hall,  1414 Qov.rnm.nt atreet, at  1
6 m.   Preaident, A. S. Well.: secretary, F.
eldridge, Boa 102, Victoria, B. 0.
OBQAWE1D LABOB COMPANIES.
LABOR TEMPLE OOMPANY, LIMITED-,
Dlrecton: Jas. Brown, pruldent; R. P.
Pettlplece. vice.pre.id.nt; Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson. Oeo. Wllby, W. J. Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free. ,
Managing director and ...rotary-treasurer, J.
H. MflV.tr, room 111, Labor Tempi..
B.  C.  FEDERATIONIST.   LIMITED—MeeU ,
at call ot preeldent, Labor Temple, Van-
couver, B. 0. * Dlreotor.: Jamea Campbell,
president: J. H. MoVety. .eoretary-treasurer;
A. Watchman, A. 8. Wells. B. Farm. Petti- ,
piece, manager, 217 Labor Temple. Tele*
phone:   Seymour 7491.	
ADGUE!
acoai m*y^*ymmirm
W
FRIDAY* OCTOBER 1, 1915
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THREE
iGCklS&Ugge3**3
Boot
F°IIA»»Aic Sarr boote
aad Shm h>n mob maoa
by Lacxn. ihoa daaian,
mlaan, lcggara, farmera—
all who ton food hater
boots have universally acknowledged uoxm bSoti
aa ttlUR TBAT  CAM
possibly aa nosuoas.
The xaOZla reputation
ataads behind avary LBOZia
ehoe whether It la tha heavy
boot ot lha nntleman'a
atreet walMng ahoa. Meetr
LSOKia ehoa la made of
aoBBii leatnar—moral
workmanship***-mommas ma-
tarlal throughout.
Tou dealer win be glad lo
ahow yoa LBOKXa 800TC
andiaoas. Aak him today.
M«k in British Columbia
Four Active Continental Women Labor Officers
MISS ANNA rlTZOBBALD, CHICAGO
President    International   .Women's    Label
League.
Utttti Shoe* ire frequentlj* made in Non-
Uiioa Factoriei—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter whst Its nam*, unless It bean a
plali ud readable Impression or this stamp.
All shoae without Uu Union Stamp sr*
alwari Non-Union.
BOOT A SHOE WORKER*' UNION
Mt Summer Street, Boston, Msss.
J. r. Tobla, Prei.   0. L. Blaine, Ssc.-Trsns.
World Shoe Co.
64 Hastings St, W., Phono Say. 1770
Beit Shot Repairing "White Yoa Watt'
Work called for and delivered
Loggen' Miners' Cripples' and any kind
of special Shoes made to order
Ask for   "NABOB    Products
TEA SPICES
OOFPEB I0INOS
JELLY POWDEB PUDDINGS
PLAVOBINO EXTRACTS BAKINQ POWDEB
AT YOUR GROCER
Get and use "NABOB" everytime
Jingle Pot Coal
REDUCTION in PRICE
LUMP * $6.50 NUT    $5.50
Now ia the time to put in your winters supply
FARM PRODUCTS, HAY, OATS, Etc.
McNEILL, WELCH & WILSON, Limited
Phon*: Seymour 1936
\_m
3
dominion government ihould he the welfare
of Canadians; and
8. Whereas—We believe that the beat Interests of Canada and the empire will be
■erved br respecting the autonomous rights
of its component parts; and
9. Whereas—Canada, baa already -done
much for imperial Interests as the recent generous contribution on Canada's behalf, made
by Lord Alverstone In tbe Alaskan boundary
award; and
10. Whereas—The continuance of the Japanese. Treaty act, 1906, means the depopulation of British Columbia of white people and
possibly the loss ot tbat province altogether,
to the dominion of Canada; therefore be it
MISS MABY McARTHUB, OHIOAOO
Leader Stockyards Girls'  Union.
Secretary-Treasurer Draper
Outlines Its Aims and
Objects
Legislative Policy and Historical Survey of
the Congress
^^§ii*
BOYS'  SHIRT WAISTS
For Ages 6 to 16 years
from 50c. up
CLUBB & STEWART, Limited
809-315 HA8TMQS IIXEBT WEST Phon. Sajmnir 701
Two"Stores and Three Offices||To Let,
At Low Rentals, in the
LABOR TEMPLE
Cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets
The completion of the Georgia-Harris Street Viaduct has placed
the Labor Temple in the flower of down-town traffic.
If interested call on or phone
BUILDING MANAGER ROOM 211
Seymour 7495
Capital and Labor Endorse
Beer appeals to the workingman because it
is a mild and inexpensive beverage, which
promotes not only sociability, but furnishes
relaxation after the hours of toil. The regular and moderate use of CASCADE BEER
means sobriety, steady nerves and healthy
body.
, With the wealthier classes, beer is the favorite beverage, not because of its low cost,
but because of its scientifically proven food
value. The sentiment against intemperance
is steadily leading all broad-minded men
toward pure beer, the great temperance
drink.
Rich in valuable food elements, secreted,
from malted barley and hops. At all liquor
stores—
, Six pints for 50c       Three quarts for 50c
Vancouver Breweries Limited
[By P. M. Draper.]
(Concluded from last week)
Legislative Policy.
Whereas—The organlted worken of Can*
ada have for years through this congress,
been endeavoring by legislative action to ae*
cure the amelioration of their conditions
and to promote the passage of lawa concern-'
Ing tbe welfare of the workera in the mines,
tbe factories, the forests, In fact, ln aU walks
of life; and
Whereaa—It has been made manifestly
plain that effective legislation in this regard
and sympathetic and energetic enforcement
of the laws oan best be obtained by the presence ln parliament and ln the local legislatures of representatives elected by labor for
the direct interest of labor] and
Whereas—This congress has been, and
mast continue to be, the legislative month'
piece of organised labor In Canada, irrespective and Independent of any body engaged
ln the effort to send representatives of the
people to parliament and the legislature! of
this country; and
Whereas—The "platform, of principles"
of this congress contains tho epitome of the
best thought and effort of organised labor
during the period of Its existence and struggles In Canada; therefore be It
Eesolnd:
1. That this congress endorse the Idea of
sending representatives of labor to parliament and to the local legislatures for the
direct purpose of conserving the Interests of
the working people of thla country.
5. That such action as may be necessary to
attain this object ihall be independent of
this congress.
8. That the "platform of principles" of
this congress be recommended as the platform to be adopted by those engaged In this
independent effort.
4. That immediately upon the adjournment
of this eonvention the provincial executives
of this congress take the preliminary steps
to summon a convention of the trade unionists of their respective provinces and those
In sympathy with organised labor, for the
purpose of forming the necessary association
to carry on thereafter the work of electing
labor men.
6. That upon such conventions being summoned and convened the functions of the pro.
vincial executives ln this regard shall cease.
Japanese Immigration
The next (1907) convention was hold
In the eity of Winnipeg, this being the
second time the congress met in the
city familiarly known as the "Gateway to the Greater West." The outstanding feature of this convention was
the appointment of a special committee on Japanese immigration which submitted the following, which carried
unanimously and was telegraphed to the
then premier. His reply waB considered absolutely unsatisfactory by the
delegates assembled:
Right Honorable Sir Wilfrid Laurler, O, 0.
M. G., Premier of Canada;
The Trades and Labor congress of Canada
In convention assembled and representing organised labor from Halifax to Vancouver,
unanimously passed the following resolution
and ask, If you can assure a favorable reply
to the request embodied in It:
1. Whereas—A crisis has arisen in British
Columbia by reason of the unprecedented influx of Japanese; and
2. Whereas—The Japanese have already
usurpod the opportunities for labor in tbe
fisheries in British Columbia and are threatening to entirely supplant white labor ln the
mines and lumbering industries; and
8, Whereas—Tho expulsion of white labor
from tho mines, lumbering and other industries of British Columbia, will entail a shortage of fuel and lumber supplies this approaching winter, for the poople, moro particularly of western Canada; and
4. Whereas—The willingness of the Japanese to accept a lower standard of living enables them to oust from employment, citizens
of Canada who, under higher and better conceptions of moral, social and industrial well
being, have trained themselves to conform to
a standard of living, more In accord with
British ideas and who are determined to
maintain that standard as the surest guarantee of Canadian citizenship;  and
6. Whereas—The continued Influx of Japanese, constitutes a menace to the predominance of British institutions by driving white
labor out of all Industries and depriving them
of the means to maintain themselves and their
families and- thus lessening the amount
available for merchants, shop-keepers and
other business people; and
6. Whereas—The continued importation or
Immigration of Japanese, inevitably means
the departure of white labor from British Columbia to the utter loss and mln, not only
of British Columbia, but of all Canada; and
7. Whereas—The flrst consideration of the
HISS OEETKTJDE BABNUM
Daughter of Judge Barnunt, Chicago, the first
woman A, F, of it. organizer appointed
by President Gompers.
Printers and
Ubor Tpple
Building
Phone Sir* 4480
printers of The Fun.
HOYT'S
10 Cent Cakes
"ALWAYS FRESH"
ASK  YOUR GROCER
Beiolved; ■   ,
1, That we respectfully, but firmly ask the
abrogation of the treaty so far as Canada Is
concerned; .      * t
W. That as necessary preliminary to that
ond, the dominion government be urged to
Immediately call upon the Japanese authorities to give the alx months' notice required
to terminate the treaty with Japan;
8. That pending the termination of the
treaty the Japanese authorities he called
upon to restrict the immigration of Japanese
la accordance with the alleged convention
that not more than 400 or 500 be allowed
to come to Canada during any one year.
Sir Wilfrid's Reply
OTTAWA, Ont.,
September 21, 1907.
Alphonse Verville, M. P., President Trades
and Labor Congress, Winnipeg: .
I have given due consideration to your request that Immediate steps bo taken to terminate the treaty with Japan. I would observe
that this treaty, when brought into existence
some fifteen years ago, did not apply to Canada, and that aome two years ago, In response
to repeated expressions of public opinion,
and with a view of affording Canadian producers an opportunity of taking their share
of the growing Japanese trade, tbe Canadian
government became a party to tbls treaty,
-and that it wss unanimously ratified by the
'Canadian parliament.
The treaty has proved of great advantage
and our trade with Japan under It has considerably increased. You base yonr appeal
for the denunciation of the treaty on the
allegation that a crisis has arisen In British
Columbia by reason of the unprecedented influx of Japanese. Whilst It is true that most
regrettable incidents have lately occurred In
Vancouver, there seems reason to doubt that
the cause was the influx of Japanese, as I
am In possession of a telegram from the
mayor of Vancouver, which has been rendered public, which expressly avers that the
disturbances were directed against Asiatics,
generally, rather than against Japanese, Under such circumstances any precipitate action
might be regrettable, and before committing
themselves to such a course the government
think tbat tbey should carefully Inquire Into
. the causes which within the recent past have
caused a greater Influx to our shores than
previously of Oriental people.    (Signed.)
| WILFRID LAURIEB.
Immigration from British Isles
! The undermentioned resolution on
immigration from the British isles carried unanimously:
Resolved—That as the Canadian Manufacturers' association have established a labor bureau In Oreat Britain, undor the man-
BKt-ment of tbe notorious Louis Leopold, with
n view to increasing tho surplus labor In Canada, and that as under the presont Immigration policy a large number af craftsmen are
induced to come to this country undor misrepresentations of tho true conditions; that
an agent of this congress be appointed in
Great Britain with a vlow of more effectually representing tbo true conditions of labor
in this country.
From Montreal to Halifax in 1908,
where a most successful convention was
held, the congress convened in the old
historic city of Quebec in 1009, and decided to meet in 1910 at the head of
the Great Lakes at the "Twin Cities"
of Port Arthur and Port William, whore
many resolutions of importance were
adopted. The progressive city of Calgary, Alberta, was visited in 1911,
where a large representation was in attendance from the mining and other
western industrial centres. This convention was among the most strenuous held
by the congress, a determined effort being made to repeal the Industrial Disputes Investigation »ct, 1907, with the
miners' delegates being unanimously in
favor of the repeal.
Was Largest Convention
This brings me to the Guelph convention which, up to that period, was
the largest numerically, in the history
of the congress. Many resolutions of
great importance to the wage-earning
classes of our fair dominion wero presented and passed.
The passing of the convention from
one centre to tho other seemed by this
time to have gotten into somewhat of
a regular swing. No section of tho dominion had been neglected, the congress has hold its annual meeting in almost cvQry'part of Canada. Tho year
1913 saw the delegates congregating at
the city of Montreal. This, of course,
is the commercial metropolis of Canada;
it is the largest city and the one in
which labor Interests are the most vti-
MISS MART DRIER, NBW TORE
Women's Trade Union League.
rled and complex. The convention was
still larger than that bf Guelph and the
Interest awakened might be judged by
the outsiders who made it a point to
follow the deliberations, including cab'
inet ministers and some of the leading
capitalists of the dominion. This in itself was a fair indication of the importance of the role that the congress
is beginning to play in the great economic drama of Canadian contemporaneous history.
Widespread Influence
Some of the resolutions adopted at
Montreal have had a widespread influence upon the legislative action of
governments. Elsewhere will be found,
especially in the "report of the proceedings" of that year's convention
and that of 1914, details as to the various and momentous problems submitted
for study and upon which action has
been tnken.
The last convention was that of
1914, held at the city of St. John, New
Brunswick. This also was equally a
well-attended and important assembly
of delegates from all over the dominion.
It, however, had a special and exceptional importance, in the fact that the
war which has now convulsed the
world for over a year had just commenced. There wbb, at the time, no
means of foretelling how long or how
widespread the upheaval might be.
There loomed up before the representatives of the wage-earners' interests
the awful phantom of uncertainty and
the absolute certainty of a mighty
change in conditions in every land.
Looking back to-day over the expanse
of the past year, problems and studies
arise before the convention' of 1915
that did not confront, at least in the
same degree or in the same manner,
the delegates' assembled in 1914,
"Hu Oome to Stay"
It is well for labor interests to-day
that the Trades and Labor congress is
in active existence. Never before was
it more emphatically an acknowledged
necessity in Canada, nor was there
stronger evidence that it "has come to
stay." Its future usefulness and powor
for good will be in proportion to the
confidence reposed in it, and the willing and steadfast support accorded it.
Granted these essential adjuncts,
there can be no doubt but that the
Trades and Labor congress of Canada
will always be found a vigilant and
vnliant "sentinbl on the tower,"
watching over and safeguarding the
rights and the interests of the working
people of the whole dominion.
PLATFORM OF PBXNOIPLES.
1. Free compulsory education.
2. Legal working-day of eight hours, and
six days to a week.
3. Oovernment Inspection of all Industries.
4. The abolition of the contract system on
all publlo works,
5. A minimum living wage, baaed on local
conditions.
6. Public ownership of all franchises, suoh
as railways, telegraphs, telephones, waterworks, lighting, etc.
7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation on Industry and Increasing It on land values.
'     B. Abolition of the dominion senate.
I    9. Exclusion of all Asiatics.
I     10. The union  label  to  be placed  on all
I manufactured   goods, where practicable, and
\ on all government and municipal supplies.
;    11. Abolition of child labor by children
under   fourteen   years   of   age;   and  of   female labor In all branches of industrial life,
such as mines, workshops, factories, eto,
12. Abolition of property qualification for
all public offices.
13. Voluntary arbitration of labor disputes.
H. Compulsory    vote    and     proportional
representation with grouped constituencies
and abolition of municipal wards.
IS. Direct legislation through the Initiative and referendum.
If), Prohibition of prison labor In competition with free lahor,
17. Equal suffrage for men and women
over 21 years of age.
Cumberland (Eng.) Minera Object
The Cumberland coal conciliation
board 'b proposal to send Thomas Cope,
miners' agent, to British Columbia to
recruit and import miners In order to increase the war time output in Cumberland is displeasing to miners' working
in ono of tho largest Cumberland pits,
They have unanimously passed a resolution emphatically protesting against
the board's proposal. Thoy Bay thero
are 100 Cumberland minors ia British
Columbia, that many are unemployed,
and that if the aliens there were interned there would be work for British
ers,
Retaliatory
Teachor—Willie, what is your greatest ambition?
Willie—To wash mother's face!
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS  AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey. 3486.
North Vancouver — Office ami
Chapel. 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
134.
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1041 GEORGIA STRUT
One  Blook  weat  of Court  Houae.
Uae of  Modern  Chapel  and
Funeral  Parlors  free  to  all
Patrons
Telephone Seymour 2426
WAR NEWS
Latest report! from tile firing line telle the good news that "DIBTT
PLACE," situated near "EVERY PLACE" bsa glad); surrendered to
the mighty leader "dol. Bo/al Crown," for the laat forty yeare haerae-
cessfully headed the forces of ell Soaps, Walking Powder, Naptha, and
Cleanser. ■• -   .
(SATE ALL TOUE BOTAL CROWN WRAPPERS FOR PREUUKS)
Remember!   WE KEEP BRITISH COLUMBIA CLEAN
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
a . 'i' "'j i        ii i'i ■'  i   Mii
To England Under Neutral Flag J
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Fint   «ai> AA        —rP ttt American Stamen noder American Hag
Clus $95.00 SS. "New York"..;Oct 9th
Second tcci_\ X ■*''**• ^xto"- • -'-Ok 16th
Clui 9D5.UU Qa |)a SS. "Philadelphia".Oct 23rd
™ tiAAA S& "St Paul".....Oct 30th
Clan   <f4U.UU ...' 'end every Saturday thereafter
Compeny-e OHoes: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.      •
OB LOOAL BAIL AMD STEAMSHIP AGENTS.
Phene Seymour 8810
New Blectric Auto Bus Meets all Beats aad Trains Free
V   ,.  •■.
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vencourer'e Newest and Molt
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ;  1001 with Private Bathe
EUROPEAN PLAN, 81.00 per Day up.
COB. DUNSMUIR ud RICHARDS STREETS VANCOUVER, B.C.
 , ,	
FOR SOLID COMFORT
HOTEL BURRARJb    '
3. McGILLIVARY, Proprietor
AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN PLAN
60 outside, bright airy rooms
Two blocks (rom Labor Temple and Depot
404-406 Cordova Street, West
Corner Homer Street Vancouver, B. C
Lone-Distance
Conneotlon.. Ratea
"santais MrsaS lt«
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
OOLD AND PORCELAIN CROWNS, Each f 6.00
BRIDOE WORK, per Tooth     5.00
PERFECT PITTINO PLATES    10.00
AMALOAM FILLINOS        1.80
ENAMEL PILLWOS      2.00
Diseases ef the sums, including Pyorrhea, successfully treated.
All work guaranteed.
Dr. BRETT ANDERSON
Phene Seymour 8881 Offlce:  101 Bask of Ottawa Building
(02 Haatinge Street Weet
You Can Save Money
BT CSINO
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 m 25 Cents
THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT
38 Rides at 38 Bides on Tour Saving On
A 5 Cent Fare Tango Tickets 81 Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
Tbey are sold by conductors on the cub, at tht B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Carrall and HaBtings streets and 1138 Qranvllle-street; the Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and south end of
Granville street bridge; Depotmaster's Offlce at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Car Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at the
places of business of the following firms throughout tha dty:     ,
BAB-HMOS STREET—
Woodward's   Dept.   Atom    (Drag
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner.
Spencer's Dept.   Store    (Ceihler'i
offloe,  Information  Bureau and Exchange Desks), noar Richards.
Wood's Pharmacy—Seymour Street
corner.
Campbell'i Phann-cy — Oranvllle
Street corner.
Owl Drugstore—Main Street corner.
Harrison7! Drag Storo—Near Car
rail atreet
MAIN STBEET—
Browne    *    Beaton,      Druggists,
Pender itreet corner.
Law's    Drugstore — Harrli itreet
corner.
CORDOVA STBEET—
Owl    Drugstore — Abbott atreet
corner
POWELL STREET—
Owl    Drugitoro — Dunlevy atreet
corner.
DENMAN  STREET—
(EngUih Bay)
Torronce Drugitore — Davie street
corner.
ORANVILLE   STBEET—
Hudiou'a Bay Oo. All departments
Oourgla itlm-t corner.
Oordon Drysdsls's  (Notion * Coun*
ter)  near Dunsmuir.
Owl Drugstore — Dunemulr itreet.
Harrison's    Drugitoro —    Kobion
street corner.
Browne a Boston, druggleta, Davlo
street corner, '
Pill Box Drugitore — Nelson street
corner
Law's Drugitoro — Davlo    atreet
corner
Harriion'a     Drugitoro — Pender
itreet corner.
FAIBVIEW—
Karrlion'i   Drugitoro — Oranvllle
street   and   Seventh   avenue,
MOUNT  PLEASANT—
Law's Drugitore — Near Broadway
OBANDVIEW—
Campbell'« Drugstore — Broadway
and Commercial Drive.
STANLEY PARK—
Mitchell'i  Confectionery— Oeorglt
atreet entrance.
B.C. ELECTRIC
Carrall and Hastings Sts. 1138 Granville St
Near Davie FRIDAY ;:.OCTOBEB 29, 1916.
OF    ENGLAND
r    'Widows   and   Orphans
Members.
>f England - Record, To-
►1-g-a.xi of the society of
li ti ons its members re-
iptions to relief funds.
"act, it says, that a large
•als    are   being   made   for
ostensibly for the bene-
rvice men, members are
» person nor persons, no
;mbers, have authority
me Itea-d to collect subtly cause -whatsoever.
>nist is 'informed that a
us ex-members of other
»s in "Vancouver have
sollecting a  few  kopecks
ces along these lines.
bers of labor unions are
f some benefit organiza-
and the stand that the
cl have taken will be of
y workingman.
Ijigland "widows * and or-
nd now amounts to $16,-
tributiors send their do-
o   headquarters.
SO*  SHOULD ORGANIZE
Making     Certain    That
-Will    Be   Adjusted.
where the firemen have
intl their reassonable de-
fl to the people's vote it
ualifiedly.      \Vith   this in
seem that city firemen
tould reorganize and nf-
American Federation of
zed ^abor will support
i at all times in every-
?s for betterment of in-
ctns,0 -whether they are
t", hut it is much easier
1 improvement in work-
tvhen     such    organization
many  cities  the firemen
Ld in   a  number of others
forming     organizations
tfMiating  with  the A. F.
ed that Vancouver fire-
i?r this matter and take
»wn**d organizatton, and
-    time   conies   -will   again
ent   of   their   grievances.
ikDinders Entertain,
g meeti ng of Victoria
Brotherhood of Book-
1 last Saturday evening
ng the visit of the Indent, Bro. A.. I*. Sovey.
a. very interesting ad
s m uch appreciated by
the local and officers
aphical and Printing
as. Addresses -were de-
lent J. Oh row and Sec-
of the Typographical
aleolm and W. Neil, of
■nion. A. -very interest-
ramme -was rendered by
B. Cart-wright and Miss
'as very much en j oyed.
i presided over by Bro.
.•resident    of    the   Book-
__> Protected.
was the author of the
"3". R., which passed the
•ther night. It provides
igreement of the C. MT.
n record as protecting
nst the company for
fht he incurred in con-
proposed sea -wall to be
ss False creek, near
s contract has beea let
eelman   ■&   Co.,   contrac-
. pioneer printer of the
Lved in town the other
a. eity, Yukon. He is
tie    as    ever   about   the
•Ale
AND
Porter
J4 ERICA.       #4^*-»
hlbition I Demand     p-er*
aksx«   -whst   rou  -will drink.
when     purchasing    Beer,
jCQ.mrmn.te-e   that   it   is   tJn-
Tbis   Xm   Our Labal
IDENT
NDER
FROM
JURY'S
»y    win   a
>f $10.00
DINNERS
,-A.ST   WEEK
L2.55S      SIO
3*25     as
2.63V       «2
323       92
1,861       *2
XX       S2
402       52
MINSTEB.    B.    O.
DAVID  SPENCER,  LTD.
DAVID.SPENCER,  LTD.*
GOOD  CLASS WOOL COAT-
SWEATERS FOR MEN
Men are buying them at Spencer's because, in spite of the scarcity,
thia store has a plentiful quantity and, furthermore, they were bought
before the tremendous advance in wools, which is the despair of inert
chants who nre having to buy now, and which places these Spencer coatB
outside the pale of competition.        ' ■*■
We have a coat to suit your purse because our stocks are complete, but
everyone seems to want these better grade wool coats.'
AT $3.50 — A medium heavyweight, warm, serviceable coat
that will give splendid wettr; V
neck, in plain brown and tan,
trimmed   with brown.
AT $6.95—Heavy pure wool coat
sweaters; Norfolk shape with
shawl collar, in dark crimson; a
superb  garment.
AT 13.95—Hoavy all-wool coat
sweaters, with shawl collar, in
plain brown; also smoke, trimmed
with marooti and grey trimmed
with green.
AT' $5.60—A heavy pure wool
coat in the' ordinary style with
shawl collar, in crimson, brown
and grey.
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
I
DAVID 8PENCER, LTO.
THE CANADIAN  BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capital $16,000,000 Bast *1S,500,000
Main Office:   Corner Hastings and Granville Streets, Vincouver
OITT BRANCHES LOCATION
A«™A«.5S-.£P,' 'A^V,;^,' • -■* Cor* *■**>»-•!•> Avenue snd Alms Bold
*SffiKfSB*SAI' DRIVE* * • •' 0*"' F„lr"' Av-""*» ■"•<• Oommerelil Drlr.
WiSTrina V-V Wiirn™ £°r' !xth, A,"nu! "nd a»"vUle Street
?iSrilS."d CAMBIE Cor. Hsstings and Cambie Streets
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue snd M.ln Street
f °WELL, STREET Cor. Vlcto'rl. Driw «S pfwe". IK!
SOUTH  HILL Cor. Forty.fourth Avenue snd Pruer Bosd
Also North Vancouver Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
First    Qger AA La*'e fMt A""-****** Steamers,«ndertmeticanBag
Clau $95.UU     * "New York" Nov. 6th
Second *cc nft -P   -P   "Philadelphia"....Nov. 13th
Clau   $0i>.UU Qm Qm "St. Louis".......Nov. 20th
Third tAlolii. "StPaul" ..Nov.27th
Clau    <94U.UU and every Saturday thereafter
Company's Offioes : 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
OB "LOCAL BAIL AND STEAMSHIP AGENTS.
;
Jingle Pot Coal
REDUCTION in PRICE
LUMP   $6.50
NUT   $5.50
kow ia the time to put in your winters supply
FARM PRODUCTS, HAY, OATS, Etc.
McNEILL, WELCH & WILSON, Limited
Phono: Seymour 1988
WORKERS UNION/
UNIOwjrerAMF
factory
Named Shoes we frequently made in Non-
Union Factories--Do Not Boy Aay Shoe
no matter what Its name, unless It Dears e
plain and readable Impression or this stamp'
' AU ahoea without the Union Stamp are
alwaya Non-Union.
BOOT A SHOE WORKERS' UNION
146 Summer Street, Boston, Mus.
J. F. Tools, Pres.   0. L. Bialps, Seo.-Troaa.
IN  CLUBS
OF TEN—
or more—members of any trades union in Canada may have
The FEDERATIONIST
mailed to their individual addresses for $1 a year
Union Secretaries Please Note.
Two Stores and Three Offices To Let
At Low Rentals, in the
LABOR TEMPLE
Cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets
1 •
The completion of the Georgia-Harris Street viaduct has placed
tbe Labor Temple In the flow of down-town trafflc
If interested call on or phone
BUILDING MANAGER
Seymour 7493
ROOM 211
CIDER-CIDER^CIDER
JUST ARRIVED
Our first tvo carloads pf new season's pure B. 0. Older, the Juice of British Columbia apples, grown in B. C. orchards by B. 0. farmers, from the famous Me*
Into-sh   and  Wealthy  varieties,  direct from the presses.
Apple juice ta the most valuable, of all food juicee, aa It not only contains food
properties, but Is the most useful of all*'tonics. In plaees where Cider is the
prevailing beverage it has long been regarded aa the cradle of male and female
beauty. A great preventative and cure for rheumatism. No family should be with*
out a keg. .
We aro now putting down our new pack of B. 0. Saner Kraut, made froth Lulu
Island's choicest cabbage.
,      B. C. VINEGAR WORKS
Factory: 1366-7 Powell Street'
Telephone Highland 285 Est. 1904 Vancouver, B. 0.

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcfed.1-0345102/manifest

Comment

Related Items