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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 17, 1915

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Array my*
SEP 2 0 1915
ITISH
OFFICIAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADBS AND LABOB COUNCIL AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
FEDERATIONIST
►POLITICAL UNITT: VICTOBTI
(Oongreii Number)
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17,1915.
(In Vancouver\
City. 93.00 /
$1.50 PER YEAR
AND LABOR CONGRESS OF CANADA CONVENTION OPENS MONDAY NEXT IN LABOR TEMPLE
■ _ Looking Backward-$rom 1915 to 1873—=
BABUBB CONGRESSES
"t 0*70 The Toronto Tradei assembly
iOlO Issued a call for the first Canadian labor congress, which convened at Toronto September 28*26 inclusive, there being
in attendance 44 delegates from Ontario and
Quebec, among whom were: D. J. O'Donoghue
(Ottawa), J. W. Carter. A. _. Jury, Chas.
Maroh, E. F. Clark, John Hewitt, J. T.
Carey, J. B. Williams.
Principal subjects dealt with were: (1)
Legislation, (2) organisation, (8) the creation of a labor bureau, (4) hours of labor,
(5) arbitration, (6) assisted and Imported
cheap labor, (7) prison labor and (8) a
constitution.
The title chosen was: "Canadian Labor
■Union,'*
In his opening address to the delegates,
president John W. Carter of the Toronto
Trades assembly dwelt upon the Inauguration as one of the grandest events In connection with the labor movement that ever
took place in Canada. They determined to
centralise their energies to promote the adoption of lawa and regulations for the good and
protection of labor and the many problems
touching the moral Ind social position of the
masses must be solved, "I venture to aay
that the result of your deliberations at this
congress," he said, "shall tend to Influence
the   'great ruling powers,'  and make thein F. H. DBAFBB
feel that your efforts, though apparently un-   Secretary   Treasurer   of   Trades   and   Labor
important, are of a magnitude which cannot | Conm-n™ nf Canada
be over estimated."    They met for the pur-' wmiriM oi uanaaa.
pose of disseminating the true principles of
unionism, to foster a spirit of common broth*
erhood, to seek the promotion of laws whloh
shall make no distinction of man aa man. In
conclusion President Carter said: "I urge
upon you the necessity of being wise and
moderate in your deliberations and enactments, and let thoso who are watching yonr
movements at this, the flrst. Canadian labor
congress be compelled to admit that we are
honest, earnest and prudent workers."
*      *      *
1 __\*7A       On August 4, the second an*
IOl*I nual convention of the Canadian Labor Union met at Ottawa, ln No. 6
committee room, house of commons. This
meeting place apparently indicated that the
"great ruling powers," alluded to ln tbe
president's address the previous year, and
expressed by the late D. J. O'Donoghue
later nn,- "had already realised that workingmen were possessed of power to think and
to act, and the great men of the land In eome
degree at least were now acknowledging the
faot."
Besides discussing and elaborating the sub*
jeots dealt with In 1878, this convention added to the list the very vital questions of the
Criminal Law Amendment act, the Masters
and Servants aot, also that respecting the
law of conspiracy.
The name of the union was changed to
that of "Canadian Labor Congress," Delegatea Jury and O'Donoghue proposing same.
1875-6-7
1887
The third session of the T.
and L, congress was held at
Hamilton, Ont., September 27-29 Inclusive.
Forty-live delegates wero present. Messrs. W.
Carson, M. P. P.; A. B. Ingram, M. P. P.;
D. J. O'Donoghue, ex-M. P. P.; A. F. Jury,
A. W. Wright, R. J. Olockling, David Hastings, M. O'Halloran, James Smith, W. H.
Parr, Geo. W. Dower, J, T. Carey, G. T.
Beales, David Ireland, Chas. Phllllmore, A. S.
Hardy, J. F. Keefer were among the delegates.
President Maroh bid them a hearty welcome to their "labor of love" In the cause
of right and justice.
Hamilton held a big labor demonstration
on the 28th, in whloh the delegates to the
congress and all the local unions participated.
Congress petitioned the government to
compel all vessels on Inland waters to carry
competent crews, and to stop loading vessels below a certain mark.
The establishment of armed and uniformed
private police and detective bodies condemned unanimously.
It was held that "all" householders should
be untitled to vote on all money by-laws:
and that no employee on public works shall
work longer than eight hours a day and five
on Saturdays.
Other resolutions were: (1) Free achool
books; (2) government shall not continue to
sell the labor of convicts to contractors In
competition with "free" labor: (8) against
I land speculation;   (4)  that labor candidates
depression and unemployment the annual
meetings of the Canadian Labor congress
were attended by delegates chiefly from
Western Ontario.
August 8, 1876, the congress met at St.
Catharines, and declared "that the electoral
franchise should be extonded so as to give a
vote, both municipal and parliamentary, to
every man of sound mind and unconvicted of
crime, and not being a burden on the country."
Although the delegates were not the same
persona on each occasion, lt was notable that
the tone was always In the same direction
on almost every question dealt with. This
demonstrated the fact that "the bodies represented had evidently devoted time and attention to tbelr study, and always to an extent Miftlolent to enable their representatives
During these years
of   continental • wide. for local and dominion elections be nominat-
to apeak with Intelligence and authority.
Win. Magnus elected president.
Adjourned to meet at Toronto In 1876, but
did  not   formally   convene   till  seven years
afterwards in that city.
1070-82 1881 "incluTe flnd trade \ h™?™'
ed; (6) that goods aold for debt should he
fairly appraised; (6) to demand manhood
suffrage: (7) that the contract system be
abolished on all publlo works; (8) inspection of stationary engines and boilers, and
engineers to be legally certified as competent;
(0) the organisation of female labor wherever
possible; (10) that ratepayers elect police
and license commissioners; (11) lieutenant-
governorships abolished and governor-general
elected by popular vote.
Owing to the rapid growth of cities large
nnmbera of workpeople were being huddled
together In small and badly ventttled veritable
sweat shops. "In many bakeshops ln To
ronto and Montreal men and boys were employed In underground places that were not
fit to stow coal In," said Delegate James
Clagaton. Girls and women were employed
at dressmaking in unhealthy room.
The membership of 88 organisations afflliated with congress was estimated at 6,800.
1888
The   fourth  session  of  the
T. and L. congress was held at
Ont.,    September    4-8    Inclusive.
Forty-one delegates represented 28 labor organizations. For the fourth time President
March presided. At this gathering many
able speeches were delivered on the various
subjects that came up for consideration.
The executive and parliamentary commit-
     „  t«e  of tho  congress  entered Into  an agree-
of the International Typographical union was' m.en* (March 8) with the committee appoint- aJx^a
held at Toronto, and the presence of so many ed «f tha general assembly of the Knights [ .?"„;
delegates had a stimulating effect on tbe or-1 ?/_,*™.™r». ™, *?*™   the jrogross   of   labor
unionism at a very low ebb. Owing to the
hard times not only the Canadian Labor congress ceased to exist, but the prime mover
for Its existence, the Toronto Trades as-
1 semb]y,  "went out of business."
However,  ln  1881,  the annual  convention
HE Vancouver convention of the Tripes and Labor Congress of Canada, which meets
on Monday, will be its thirty-first anjiual meeting, dating from 1883, the seoond session
being held! in 1886, since whieh time this national labor body has met every year. Although it must be remembered that the first representative gathering of workingmen
in the dominion was held as far back as the year 1873.   To read a list of the meeting
places since the first convention is to gather the meaning of the oft-repeated quotation,
"Westward the course of empire tak$s its way."
The first thirteen sessions of the congress were {held east of the Great Lakes, and nine of these
meetings were held in Ontario, and four in the Provjhec of Quebec.   The first convention west of the
Great Lakes was held in 1898, when '' labor leaders of; the east and west met at Canada *s Hub' '—Winnipeg.
At the Pacific Ooaat.
Bight years later (1906) congress came to the Pacific coast—Victoria being the rendezvous of the
delegates.  Next year they went to Winnipeg, and then in 1908 they travelled to the Atlantic seaboard,
and camped at the historic city of Halifax, N. S.  Thi fourth time Canadian labor representatives came
westward was in 1911 at Calgary.
In tht Terminal Olty.
Next Monday the delegatea will foregather
In goodly numbers In the Labor Temple In
Vancouver, B. C. Thus It will be aeen that
the Trades and Lahor congress of Canaada
only assembled west of Ontario five times
during Its whole existence. However, the Pacific coast Is coming Into lta share of conventions, and Vancouver In particular.
The first time British Columbia sent representatives to the congress waa In 1800—a
quarter of a century ago—wnen the late Thos.
Salmon, of Nanalmo. tbe late Harry Cowan,
of Vancouver, and George Bartley (present
secretary of the Trades and Labor council,
and delegate to the Vancouver convention),
attended the Ottawa session.
Ever since organised lahor In thiB province
has retained Its affiliations with the congress, j
Vaneouvar Twenty-five Years Ago.
In 1890 the population of British Columbia
was held to be considerably less than 100,000, I
including all nationalities, of which number
some 10,000 dwelt In Vancouver. In 1901
the population of the provinoe was estimated
to be something less than 180,000, and that
of this city to a trifle over 25,000. Now the I
population of the provinoe Ib put down at'
about 400,000, while that of Greater Vancou- ,
ver Is stated to be around the 200,000 mark, ■
or 20 times as many as It had when the local
TradeB and Labor council flrst joined the [
congress.
All of thta may not have a direct bearing j
on the progress of labor tn the nation, but,
nevertheless, it Is of great moment to Van*
couver.
What Delegates WIU Sat.
The direct Import of holding tbe convention ln thla olty Is the opportunity it gives to
the representatives of labor throughout Canada to aee for themselves, most of them for
the first time, what has made Vancouver and
British Columbia grow at these almost record
strides.    Our visitors will aee what Vancou-
the climatic conditions of the ooaat la conducive to health and energy. Financiers point
to It with pride and state to prospective Investors that Ub tuu.-glsing power means 100
per cent, efficiency to the man who works
with hts hands or hla head. Thla Is another
reason why wages should soar.
Ai to tht Convention.
Our visitors will learn why and how. Van*
J. 0. WATTERS
President of Tradea and Labor Congress of
Canada.
works, replying to • congress deputation (re
fair wage   clause), aald  moat  emphatically
.  „„„ „„„  ,»„. that ,lln his opinion the government ought
couver, after four years' agitation, secured !not to be asked to Interfere aa between em-
this Important convention, and they will no Iployer* and employees in matters of wagea."
doubt want to come to the coast again. And this was so decided by the government
Every delegate at this  eonvention repre*,« the day.   (Septembers.)
snnta  labor, and Vancouver,  or any other'
place, Is just what labor haa made it.   They
are the advisers and real legislators directly
nnd indirectly to and for the wage-earners of
the dominion of Canada, and upon their 'Opinions and decisions, many a worker of the east Ont., September 8*14 Inclusive,
will decide whether to cast In hla lot with the |    pre))ideIlt Btnt(m of the loal T. mA L.
■       . .oounoil ln his address of welcome said that
Meet for tht Common Good the congress bad been called the "working*
The delegates to the Tradea and Labor men'a parliament," and he expressed tht
Congress of Canada assemble for the common hope that the day was not far distant whan
good of the masses as against the classes, and  •*■*■*«  would   have   direct   representation   In
Representatives from the T. and L. con*;
gress. Patrons of Induatry, Dominion Grange*,
Knights of Labor, Toronto T. and L. council,
anu rioelsl Problems Conference, held a meeting at Toronto (April 12) wben planks for •
joint political platform were agreed to by ,
tboae present.
Membera of the city council of Montreal
and delegates took a sailing trip through tbt.
canal and down the rapida.    (September 7.)
The communication from Geo. Bartley, of
the Vancouver T. and L. oouncll, rt tht problems of Chinese Immigration and tbt tamos
fishing industry, waa referred to * special
committee, comprising Delegatea O'Donoghat
and Olockling (Toronto). Patterson (Ottawa), Lamarche (Montreal), and Jobin (Qua*
bee City). Tbe subjects matter dealt with
at length by the committee and letter printed
In fall In the minutes.   (September 8.)
Resolutions carried: (1) That the offloa
of Canadian high commissioner to England
bt abolished; (2) tbat tht int Monday In
September ln each year bt made ft statutory
public holiday known aa Labor day; (8) that
tbe hours of polling In all publlo elections bt
extended to eight o'clock; (4) tbat contractors on public worka observe tht union houra
and pay union wagei in tbo locality In whieh
said work Is done; (S) that sweating ahopt
be abolished; (0) that a single tax bt placed
on land and natural opportunities; (Tj thai
tbe contract system l-» abolished on all government work; (8) tbat tha government reduce the rate of postage to two cents for tbt
dominion and to ont cent for all cities; (0)
In favor of free trada; (10) that tho govern*
ment adopt regulations preventing women and
children In factories from carrying or dragging loads exceeding ln weight, for children
and   for   woman   40 -
1892
Tht Tradea and Labor oongreii of Canada held lta eighth
session in the oity hall chambers of Toronto,
their resolutions and recommendations are of both houses of
Hie most Importance to the oommon people, cap of Kelr-Ha _
their    proceedings   are   therefore   serious.'commons," he said,
__   parliament,	
cap of Kelr-Hardle  In  the British home of
The
 Ish L	
led to remarks about
Nevertheless, the visitors, during their stay, representatives of labor being boorish, lnso-
will be entertained and looked after by the lent, and not fit for high places. Those who
reception committee of the Vancouver Trades .threw stones of that kind ahould remember
FRED BAtOROPT
Vice President of Tradei and Labor Congress
of Canada.
ver is like, "even ln war times," and will
discern at flrst hand tbe factors that made
Vancouver what ihe la today, the chief city
of the far weit.
Visitors will iee, among many other things,
tbat Vancouver has a harbor unsurpassed In
the world.   They will realise at a glance that
who
v  •■uniuTw imuKH  ""u"  »»•»■•«• vi  tiiair mihu ■noma remember
and'Labor "couiicir R. K Pettipiece   and  J.  that  'boorlshness and   InBoIenee'   were   not
Brooks being respectively chairman and sec-1found ©xclnslvely among workingmen, but ex*
j ..-. ' -tended to the so.catled cultured classes."
President Lafontafne of the congress said:
retary of same, 	
Felicitation! of B. 0.
Let us hope that the results of the deliberations of the congress—not to Vancouver, nor
to the Pacific coast, bnt to every province In
this vast dominion—will be to the eternal
credit of organised labor. For the workers
of the east will come to know those of the
west, and those of the west will know better
the workers of the east.
Our sojourning brethren wtll find In Van*
ctent provincial arbitration law was needed.
Magistrates ahould have power to punish
judgment debtors for non-payment of
wages. The Ontario Factory act should be
amended to bring all manufacturing establishments, regardless the number of employees, within Its operation; and that female Inspectors be appointed.
Evidence taken by a royal labor commission proved that in many cigar factories women and children wer* subjected to gross
cruelty and Injustice. Congreu aiked workingmen not to patronise non-union made
elgari.
"That the government of Ontario ahould
take steps to establish a printing offlce, tn
which all Its printing and the publication of
school books should be done.*1
Congress disapproved the aetlona of builders' exchanges of Ontario for importing (un*
der false pretences) mechanics, thereby
flooding the country with unemployed men.
The evils of intemperance were ao clearly
manifest, that congress believed that organized labor would give Ub hearty support to
any practical effort to reduce the consumption of Intoxicating liquors.
Manual  training and  technical  education
progress
„  ....    „.. „..„.„„ „„.   .*      -          The K.
Btarted by the printers and others, resulting \_1™* comprised:    Messrs. A. F. Jury, J. F.
In  the  permanent  organisation  of  the  now i Redmond  and   Geo.  Coltlss.     The   congress
existing Trades  and  Labor  council  of that * «>mniItteo  wero^   ^C.   March,  president;   A,
city.   During tbe remainder of the year and
1882 and subsequent years hundreds of labor
unions and KnlghtB of Labor assemblies were
Instituted In Ontario and Quebec.
TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS
Resolved—That tbls  congress  desires to
fiut itself on record ib In favor of tbe estab-
Ishment by the dominion government of a
'labor day as a national holiday'."
The       parliamentary       committee       was
Ingram, M. P. P.; W7 GarBoii "ifp' p" 'merged  Into   the   executive,   and  elected  as
D.  R.  Gibnon;  J.  F.  Keefer;   I). Hastings!''°*,0W8:    Messrs.  March. Wright,  Jury and
secretary, Ami A. W. Wright.   The K. of h.  Gibson.
committee  waB  officially  present  during the *      *      *
whole sesBlon of parliament and rendered
valuable services to the parliamentary committee, which was represented at Ottawa by
Mr, Wright.
_ __,__.-_*.       _, ,„.»   .     .   ...I    The congress protested   against   the   (1)
1 fifi^       Tho   yettT   188      ,0U opening and  working of  the  Welland  canal
lOOll   Toronto    Trades    and    Labor  nn  Sundays,  (2)  the Immigration system of
council considering the navigability ot once' Canada,
again calling a congress of representatives ot'
' labor organisations throughout Canada together, and the subject was referred to its
Legislative committee towards the fall. This
committee Issued circular-letters to the different labor organisations of the country on
the matter and the replies being very favorable, a congress was summoned to meet at
Toronto on December 26. Soma 47 delegates attended, among the most prominent for
the first time being J. T. Carey, Wm. Gar-
eon, John Aldridge, John Armstrong, James
R. Brown, M. O'Halloren.
President Charles March of Toronto T.
and L. oouncll being a delegate was elected
permanent chairman, and D. Hastings secre-
try.
Although no labor congress was held between 1877 and 1888, It must not be inferred
that education as to subjects affecting the interests of labor had been neglected In the
Interim. Following questons stood In the
order of business: (l) Chinese Immigration, (2) assisted European Immigration,
(8) shorter hours, (4) factory act, (6) seamen's bill, (6) property qualification for I
municipal offlce, (7) manhood suffrage, (8)
land question, (9) Insolvency law, (10)
cumulative voting, (11) extension of magistrates' powers respecting tho wages of employees, (12) land grants, (18) tax exemptions, (14) government aid to colleges. (15)
organisation of female labor, (16) pauper
Immigration, (17) tho temperance question,
(18) Tor mis' system of land transfer, (19)
direct lahor representation in parliament, and
(20)orjiRnl*ntlrin.
Tho 188:1 congress adjourned until such
time as would be determined on by the Toronto T. and L. council, which was not till
1886. Since then the congress has not
missed an annual session.
*      *      *
I _\__A    t_   ft Organised labor   now
100t*0"W proved to be a factor
In the domain of practical politics In On.
tario. j
In 1884 the legislature of that province I
(1) amended the Mechanics Lien act, atlll
Improving that important measure; (2)
passed an act to secure wives and ohlldren
the benefit of life Insurance, and (8) an extension of provisions of a revised atatute of
masters  and servants. I
Also in 1886 an act was passed (1) respecting wages, securing the priority of,
wages or salaries In case of Insolvency; (2)
Franchise act, giving votes to earners of $260
wages annually, part of which may be In the
form of board and lodging. !
' At Toronto on September 14, 1886, the ,
congress convened In due form, with 110!
delegates present, representing 67 labor or-1
ganliattons. It wis at this convention tbat
formal steps were taken to Institute a permanent organUtion.
' 'The Trades and Labor Congress of the
Dominion of Canada'' was the title chosen for
the new organisation, and It was decided i
that It should meet annually at such time j
and place as determined on. !
Charles Maroh, painter, of Toronto, and
David Hastings, printer, of Toronto, were
elected president and secretary respectively.
The 1886 congress was remarkable for the
variety and scope of the large number of
subjects dealt with. In passing It may be
noted that the Toronto Trades and Labor
council has heen the centre from whloh radiated the enthusiasm that tn later yean resulted In bringing together representative
labor men from coast to coast. The obstacles have been groat and transportation
eostlr. Since the sixties, Messrs. Dan. J.
O'Donoghue, E. F. Clark, J. W. Carter, W.
SJlSrSw. W. Cullln J, S. Williams and
others had been leading lighta In the pioneer labor movement.
Tho laws governing masters and mates
required amending.
Existing laws were Inadequate for the protection of railway employees.    A more effl
Mayor Taylor Welcomes
Congress to Vancouver
1889
"On behalf of the citlsens of
Vancouver, I wish to extend cordial greetings and welcome to the
officers and delegates of the thirty-
first annual convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada. I trust that your visit to
our city will be pleasant to you
during tbe coming week, and one
of your happiest recollections In
the future.
"Tou meet at a time whloh is
destined to prove historical in the
history of the nation. The burden
which the working class is called
upon to assume In this crisis is
ono which I feel your gathering
will fully realise, and I trust that
your deliberations will result in
measures for the advancement and
protection of the workers, and for
the welfare of the nation. During
your stay In our city, we wish you
to feel thoroughly at home. Please
help us."
LOUIS D. TAYLOR,
Mayor.
Eighty three delegates, representing lome 47 organisations foregathered at Montreal, Que., for the
fifth session of the T. and L. congress, September 8-6 Inclusive. This was the flrst occasion tbat an inter-provincial gathering of
this character had assembled In the province
of  Quebec.
President J. T. Carey said tbat "the congress was to a great extent an educational
organ iiatlon, as it was believed that only by
educating the masses could the ends desired
be obtained, that is, obtained without trouble."
Miss Emma Witt (Toronto), the first women delegate to congress, moved (September
5) that female inspectors of factories and
workshops be appointed by tho government.
She was ably seconded by D. J, O'Donoghue,
ex-M. P. P.
, A. Lafrance, clgarmaker, Montreal, was
, appointed the flrst French aeeretary and
' translator to the congreu.
The executive committee (J. T. Carey,
chairman) met at Ottawa (January 10) for
the first and last official intercourse with tho
legislative committee of the Knights of Labor,
and Interviewed (January IS) Right Hon.
Sir John A. Macdonald on labor legislation.
Congress strongly maintained (1) that the
system of subsidizing railways by land and
'money grants Is detrimental to the best interests of the country; (2) that provlnolal
f:overnments should pass stringent employers'
labilities acts; (8) that free schools ahould
. be established In Quebec,
I Delegate Darlington (Montreal) claimed
that manual education In schools would tend
\ to tho benefit of the working classes, and
should assist thoso who wished to provide It.
i CongresB appointed a committee to com-tld-
or the advisability of forming an Independent political party, tho platform of which to
be based upon the Inalienable right of man
to life, liberty and the pnrsult of happiness. *
Congress also "recommended (September 6)
to labor organisations the advisability of
placing In the field, where practicable, labor
candidates, otherwise to support tho party
whloh Is prepared to do the most for organ- ,
Ised labor."
Delegate Ed. Latter (Montreal) said labor
organisations formulated cortaln demands,
but still they voted for the old partlea. They
were the most Inconsistent set of mon (himself included) he had ever met with. Let
them form ah independent party for the carrying out of their plans.
Delegate Alf. Jury (Toronto) said when
they talked about corruption, let them remember that political parties could rise no
higher than the electorate. Thero was just
as crooked things done ln their societies as
was done by tbe politicians. Let them look
to themselves, and If they were honest they
could certainly elect their own men, for they
had numbers enough, but the trouble was
that when the elections came round other
subjects Interfered—tbe man was a catholic
or a protestant, or an infidel or a pagan—
and the labor vote was knocked out of line.
In spite of all. promises, when a man got to
parliament he ceased to he an Individual, he
became the member nf a party, and h*> would
not leave It even upon the most urgent occasions.
John Armstrong (former) and Wm. B.
Prescott /afterwards), presidents of International Typographical union; A. T. Leplne,
M, P.; Frank Plant; L. Z. Bondrean; Chas.
March, D. R. Gibson; J, T Oroiler; P. J.
Jobin; M. H. Brennan; W. H. Parr, and G.
T. Beales were among the delegates.
Labors Programme
for Next Week
MONDAT, 10 A. If,—Convention convenes tn Labor Temple. Addresses
of welcome by President MoVety of
Vancouver Trades and Labor council; A, Watchman, president of B.
C. F. of L,; Mayor L. D. Taylor;
Hon. W. J. Bowser, acting premier
2 P. M.—Regular session begins.
8 P. M.—"Get-together" In Labor
Temple. Music, refreshments, songs,
etc
TUESDAY, 9:30 A. M.—Regular session till 12 noon.
1:80 P. M.—Excursion to Wigwam
Inn, Indian River. Luncheon at
5 p. m. Music, dancing (6:80) tfli
boat leaves for moonlight return.
WEDNESDAY,  9:30 A.
session all day.
M.—Regular
THURSDAY, 9:30 A. M.—Regular
session till 12 o'clock noon.
2 P. M.—Automobile trip round Stan*
ley Park; Marine Drive; New
Westminster; luncheon at Hotel
Russell at 4 p. m.
Fire brigade demonstration at corner
of Thurlow and Georgia streets at
2:15 p. m.
FRIDAY,   9:30  A.
slon all day.
M.—Regular  sea-
The result of our deliberation! will prove
our desire to settle the labor queatlon by constitutional meana; we propose to have publlo
opinion on our aide by making nothing bnt
fair and equitable demand! to our legislators."
Seventy-seven delegate represented 64 labor organisations.
The Meroler government of Quebec, from
whom labor bad expected considerable new
A HEARTY WELCOME 'Hon. Mr. Pelletier held out no hope to the
 __ i labor deputation,  and    practically   told   It
   ■— ■■ = ."nothing doing this session."
-i«n- \,m tt.- ww .un,,*. „# thm TW™t*t«n ' *WftW«t tf. UfoBUlnc, A. W. Wright,
alons be the labor platform of the Dominion 0hMt K„eh h At i^im and Secretary O.
T'iii.fft   «..   *m.Am-   .-j   ww w- *"»■", «companied by A. T. Leplne, M.
- iSft IVvZ SFLJ^J&SLtt? (Su? P- Wlltt,d on the federal government, there
?vhl*i£»u?2!l ££Jn£2Fh- ™J2H.T beIn* P»»™t Pwmlep Bir J. J. C. Abbott,
tat Immigration were acted upon by congress. 8fr 5„fn Thompion. Bir A. Caron, Hon. Joi.
Four Montreal printers, through a prlvati A, Outmet. Hon. John Carting and Hon.
detective, were arrested for picketing tbe Frank Smith. Tbe premier promised "care-
Herald ofllce. A congress deputation waited ful attention" to tbe proposed measures sub-
upon Hon. John Thompson, who said that If mlttod by the deputation—"that was all and
the Comblnee act was responsible for the con* nothing more." (March 26.)
victlon of the men, he would appeal the oaie In the province of Ontario several useful
to the highest court ot the realm.   Tbe men measures wen nuim-i hv th> w-t.1*.*.—
i men measures were passed by the legislature,
The Chinese Immigration question received
of Immigration came (September 4) before *o the president and offlcen.
:.!»i^n'fe.li.1' on tBe ""wtaf *»y » Urge      "Our legislators, at   a rale,   are   lll-dti-
partyiam.    This assertion wat not true. at. Wenda an fe%-an* sn ft— £
lll-dts-
ise; onr
partyiam.   This assertion wat not trae'ex- «••** »™ few--an*
cept in ao for as voting In favor of or against pw«Iaent Lafontalne.
th* Elju^rt •"■•"I*-* «•• continuance of *«•""*« _M  • big   labor  demonstration
sll SSi'WlJTV.* ln '£?fl-   n WM »n ■■• AT™!*** ^P**""0" "). I" which tbe dele*
aue that affected all workmen of the domin- »•*•■ to congress participated.
ion,   and muBt be  to some   extent a partr . c°niwe«  wanted:     (1)   Convict  labor In
21™-    £w»!«r   Mackensle   in   187i \7- «• »'°rm »<*ools of Quebec abol shed;  (2)
&&*. SW,ll.h V'J,t*d P«"B« to Imml- *r°;cent »le,? "»"«> tor peisengers on rail.
\Ymmh \d en,finded contracts to the Allan "•?"!, (*\ »»«>  labor under contract  pro-
Hne of steamers then tn existence, and also nltblltedi /« Provincial lists used In all do-
ledlng I
lounds,
14 years 25 noun _.     ___--   ■—
pounds; and that women be prohibited from
drawing tracks tn factories.
The resolution of Delegatea W. Darlington and R Ktyi (Montreal) wat tabled,
namely, "that this congress ia in favor of
state socialism and will not bt satisfied with
■nythlng else."
That the government aubmit to a popular
vote the following questions: Maintenance of
our present colonial status, Imperial federation, Canadian Independenee, or political tan-
Ion wltb tht United SUtea.
Congress recommended that all labor organisations urge the general nubile to eupport labor papen.
1894
Ottawa taw the tenth i
session of the T. and L. congress of Canada, September 4-7 Inclusive.
Fifty-three delegatea representing 85 organ-
isatlona were preient and were welccmed by
Mayor Cox and President Choqaette of Ottawa Tradea counoil.
President Bealea of the congress referred
to the splendid fight and grand results of
the Patrons of Industry, and aald tbat "tbt
farmera of Ontario preiented to ot a lotion
of tbe effect of united action." Later tbey
were granted representation at tbe congress.
Premier Sir John Thompson, replying to a
congress deputation (April 0), aald tbt government fully appreciated tbe Interests thiy
represented, but "of course, tbo deputation
would undentand that tbe government had:
different Interests to consider and harmonise,
and If they failed at all In meeting tht
wishes of tbi deputation It waa not beeause
of want of sympathy with them or with tht
working elan."
Flnt Monday in September waa enacted a
legal holiday by tho government.
Governor-general of Canada gave oaicnt to
188 different billi. only three of whieh won
of intereat to working people.
A bill by Wm. Mulock, M. P., compelling
electric rallwaya to provide enclosed vestibules for motormen enacted into law. .*
The government voted down a resolution
that a fair wage clause be Inserted ln government contracts. (Submitted to parliament hy
E. Coatsworth, H. P , June 4.)
The premier of Quebec refused to receive
a deputation from the congress.
Congress favored the system of grouped
constituencies and cumulative voting,
Wm. Houston, of Toronto, addressed congress on "education," and wu tendered a
vote of thanki. '»
The Quebec legislature petitioned to ;
irehl
yean.
Congress decided to Issue charters and perform duties ib pertain to a national organisa
tion.
pertain to a national organise-
Congress voted against Sunday atreet can,
Congress favored a scheme to colonise unemployed citlsens   tn    specified   sections   of
Canada under which  direct financial  assist*
SATURDAY,    9:30    A.    M.—Regular
session till close of convention.
 ........ ,„ v*.Bir„Cc-, »n« biro    -.-■---•   --'  h—»««o;»«  iww ubbu in an oo- ance from dominion  resources would be ad-
Imade contracts with the Dominion line.   The P™ ™ ™"*'ffii ' L  Ll .SET S'K- v»2£ed *° **ch "e.UIer-
1890 convention of oongreta wanted the sys-  oy !*w, connected with  the train service to The government was requested  to appoint
tem .hniilhSj               *'™" WBn"a inB ■'"   work eight houn a day; (6) the government letter-carriers In all ctnei over 5,000 popu-
_      ,      -.,-..    to appoint a board of conciliation and arbi* utfon.
-Premier  Sir John  A,  tration for tho ..nu«.> »' •-»-- -»—*---
.tem abolished,
I    Chinese Exclusion.
Macdonald and Hon   John  Oarllng received £?'",for th? ""lement of labor disputes;
ig deputation from the T   and L IILSlHS ,Sormi.i5> ••tter-carrlers not to
Messrs    Tbnmu p"bIw. le" *h,n .|80° ■ J** '» *«*«*: the
mesin.  Thomas railroads of Canada to adopt a standard draw
the following deputation from the T. and L.
congress (September 8): Meun. Thomas
Salmon. Nanalmo: A. Ingram, M. P., St.
Thomas; Geo. Bartl-v. Vancouv"*: Hi-fh
McLean, London; Harry Cowan, Vancouver,
and Alex. McDonald. Ottawa. They were
commissioned to draw the government's attention to the resolutions paaaed by the con- , ,
press calling (1) for the total exclusion of ™"™-
Chinese from Canada, and   (2)  for their
Mil-Inn    #■—.-    ■•»■-    -**■*---        "» "   '
1895
The    eleventh    annual    session was held at London, Ont.,
September 3-6 Inclusive,   owing to the trade
-                               depression all over   the continent   unionism
*| QQQ       The ninth session was held  w«"  °n  the decline,  the old unions  being
lOa/O   »t Mnn twill   fcmUmh** fi.B in.   practically "broke," so far as financeB wen
T         Montreal, Heptemner 5-8 tn*   „„,„„,,/ COn>e(|uently the delegation at tht
Four tradea and labor councils, five    **-- — —'■ - '-- ~
Montreal, September 5-8 In-   Practicmlly "broke,
on thflHt) matters.
   —    .»■" uuieg.iM aa* cil union, and 28 Knlghta of Labor local aa-
drfl.Hfd the minister, of tho crown at length  seinbHr,—t"'-' "'    	
"" "^                           " P-'emlor In reply aald j-re., by 7                                                                             „ .. „„„   „,,
lo. owing to the obllw Pretlden. i™»ie. pninioo to tne tact, that *i,"P,?,;l.«K   I   M.«in   p.lrl.k J
 oatlea,   to   exclude   the the labor movement In Europe, eipeclally In «•.£■, l^_A_i,_' «•■*••»*. p"r!S1' J*
Chinese.     Em  now.  he  aald.-t China   was  England, had made l.l<* .li*l.l.« i~ "... ■"  Jiiliin.    " ■""'-"
-„  . „. Chaa.   C.   Sleuart   being  the   delegate   firom
..   - y,    The premlm in'reoly'^ld VJnmT~^t'} ,6*-*""" reP"««nted at con* Winnipeg T. and L. connell.   Among the dele.
bat Canada wa. unable, owing to th, obl|5a   " i>" 'ft 7!'if"1?*""™*, Oj*   '»   .Kondance were:    From Quebec
,Hons of imperial treaties,   to   oxclade   th, lh   1i " p,"ln""1 t0 ""' '*"*'• ■**•*■» S'-TJfl,n °* *"'• Ed* ""■■>. *'l- ««roU.
tishut her gate, in retaliation*in TJ! ?■!.,.''"'■"• W """J." hl' "m°* ln ~ dfrec* * Jobin ■
I States.   Canada stood a *mS rtan*" 11".°.'. ™.'°.1!-,i-Jm.,_ nol..M ln ?«">**■ »*« l5»*l!i..?i:?
Organized Labor Bids
Congress Welcome
1890
Tht congress held Its sixth
convention at Ottawa, September 2-B Inclusive, Ninety delegates, representing seven trades and labor counolli, alx
district assemble!i of the K. of L., one mln-
ers association, 26 unlona, and 22 local as-
semblleB of the K. of L., making a total of
62 organisations.
For the first time British Columbia sent
delegates.
unanl-
LATE DAN. J. O'DONOOHDB
"rather of tht Oongrtu"
The   Winnipeg   convention    (1207)    .......
mously agreed to ondow a room in tho
Sick Children's hospital, Toronto, to be
known aB the ' 'D. J. O'Donoghue
mom," as a fitting memorial to the late
lamented brother and fellow* worker
who did so much for the cause of the
working class.
abont _.          „_.   ,.„.   nt.    in    i.annua,    Mill
United «,.«»,    . HinMin stooo: a (rood chance  chief cause arising from the exodus of work-
nf securing the trade the United States would  Ing men to the United States, owing to lack
lose.    Bnt, he continued, "wo could Increase  of employment hen.
the noil tax. and r*->rsnnsllv he was In favor
nf that."   Re would do all In his power to
nrovont the Chinese coming here, and he was
■.warn that they were not a dnslrahlf class.
He would  lav  tb"  mstt«»r   he-Torn   his   onl-
lenttues and the n»xt sitting nf the house nf
commons     Sir John also said that he could
not rpp how tW cniiM admit  Chinese Into
th«*  country,   and  oxclnd**    them    from    th*
mln"". Kn further asked that tho laboring
' rn»n of British Columbia wonM furnish him
■ with statistics In snnnnrt of the representations of the cosst delegates,
lOQI        President Urhaln Lafontalne
** OaV X presided at tho snvonth aesslon
of congress held nt Quebec Cltv Atimtst 81
to September 4 Inelnslve. Mayor Fremont.
M. P., and President Luc Rnutlnr, of the
Onelicf and Levis Trades and Labor Cnii«-
1*11 made addresses nf welcome t<> It*" r.n
iMegntes who represented 40 r-rfanizBtlnns,
Premier Merrier of Ouebec and members
of the government addressed the delegates at
some length.
Joseph Cote wss ajinolnted French secretary.
On Monday, Mny ifl. tbe executive eom-
mittee waited on Premier Sir John A.
Macdonald nt Ottawa, when the varlnim suh*
ientn of Interest to ennsresn were laid before
him. Owing to his death loss thnn three
iv«eits later, nnd the ronseqitnnt rennranUn-
Hon of the cabinet, prartirnllv not hln n* resulted from the Interview with Sir John.
The leelnlatlve committee for Ontario. Bobt.
Olorklinir. .T. T. Carey and A. R Macdonald.
reported thnt on the whole nnH»nl*«d lnh«r
mav falrlv cnmrratitlnte itself itfion tbo ]e<*I».
latlon enacted In that nrnvinen In 1601, Tbe
■nh-commlttep nlsn felt Its dntv to bear (es-
tlninny to the nnvarvlng r«tirt»av of Pr»mler
Oliver Mnwat and bis  ■■nllesmies. I
Vonentiv-T "ent. n lentrthv letter tn enntfress
i  Oriental Imitation  and   the  labnr sltna*
nn  Ii  Tt*ttl«t> fWnnifcf*     **"•-  «.*.•.w«M*f«i -
>l«nd t" »sV tbe goverpnm»
*nr»t<"r Importation nf Chin'
Canada.
tn  nrnhlblt
labor   Into
Rnsnti-tlons ef regret were nnssert nnon
the .lemlse nf O, O. Corrtvesn dala"ttn 'rflrt
Jaeniie* Cartler Tvpnffrapb|r«l nnlon, Montreal, in Ottnwn convention -MflftOt nf T »nd
Ti. eoinrress. and nlsn nnnn the rfnutb o' Wnr.
tin Carey, brother tn Deleante D. A. Cnrev.
of D. A . Nn. 126, Toronto.
r*e.nnt.naa      m-el'-Ail—"Tt.-*     tht.     ^rtni»t«-n
government sbnnM |s*ne full 1"««1 ♦""I*--	
ntonev. redeemable In from 80 tn 60 years.
In snlflc'ent onnntllv t* «t*-t »*•« e^r* e»
eon«tntctInir necessnrv pnhllo wnrfca. nnd Insn
f-itrh mnP"v to mnelrl-nnlltl—• "» p *■•'- -* '■"
lorest sufflclent nnly to cover (he cost of
Inane  nml mons-/ement "
OenniriM  Mil  thsl   tl   ah*•■'•'   V-   n   n-l-ln-l
-a-- [offence to establish or retain  private detective agencies In Cinndn.
President Carey said tf ever tbere was a i    *■..  ... __ ......
time for calm, sober reasoning 1; waimww, !.  ™. ES&Wi wp" f*i *° ,n,po"ft, "5
._j ..._ „,_._._'-« i.i _» ".."M no7'.Import dnty of thrse cents per nqnare Inch
and the views of workingmen should be made "Tit .V«r." IB7". wnV '"T ,,"in"0 IB?h
known. It was necessary to hav™ Saltgata IE SiSCKStt ffi'Jt""1 fn,rtri«1 ™*A •«
In Ottawa during the se.slona it parliament, ^hlTO&tf 5S",,Wn* of n*w,P,!«"'
Tt wai held that where employtn In any
«««\ —j "wty ftih.iiAiiL.-'i't; -'—v* i"1"** ittempted to prevent the organisation nt
fflSit rS^JSLiiL. <!!SS&!£ltta. ^^P^tefc- tfcMr "*»»3WM. «■« their manufactured
nM-lin^Tift •SS&.W »?*-!*W»ty «""•«■ ■*«M be placed on the free list by the
of forming a labor  platform."    A  lengthy covemment.
fi™ ML JET »n cnWSd .1Vh,, M,0,Q* I    CWIHU voted tn favor of extending 'he
tlon,  after which It was decided  "that tfo Ifre-eblse to women.
resolutions passed by this and previous aei-     Hon.   Prank   Smith,   minister   of   public
Montreal—Wm.   Darlington,   P.   J,
. ... J. Kerrigan, John Brennan, Jos,
Qoodfellowi Ottawa—J. W. Patterson, A. B,
Macdonald. B. O. Hay, VV. L. St. Pierre,
Bichard Mies; Toronto—Dan. J. O'Donoghue,
Chan. March, D. A, Carey, Oeo. W, Dower,
A. W. Holmes, John Tweed, Oeo. T. Beales,
Arthur Callow, Hugh McCaffry; Hamilton-
John Flett, David Hastings; London—Joseph
Brent, Thomas Crooks, John Summers, Frank
Plant. Jos. Hawthorne, H. B. Ashplant, Wm.
MrOeary; It. 11. Hesse), Walter Toll, Joa. T.
Marks, Michael Powell.
President Walter Toll of the London T.
and L. council and Mayor Little made addresses of welcome, and replied to by President P. J. Jobin (Quebec) of the congress,
who declared the convention open for business.
The most Important question of the day
was the "Immigration system of Canada."
The president wanted congress to adopt
measures that would have for effect the entire prohibition of Chinese immigration,
which was "nothing more thsn an unmitigated curse," he said.
Executive for B, C. Elected.—Thomas Salmon (Nanalmo), Wm. McKay (Victoria),
Oeo. Bartley (Vancouver).
Oeieral win, Booth of tho Salvation Army
wanted a grant of lOO.Ono acres from the dominion government, and organised labor opposed bis scheme "(onlh and nail."
A. F. Jury was appointed t" represent labnr on *he Ontario Board of Coneillnllon nnd
Arbitration,
Conirress nilted for Ihe hearty support of
Ihe following labor pspsHl Montreal Saturday Times, Ottawa Free Lance, London In-
-limtrlnl Banner, nnd Winnipeg People's
Voice; also Le Trnvlal. which wns tn be In-
sited by Qtiebee T. and L, couneil.
Name ehnnged from "T. and L. Congress
of the Dominion of Canada'.' to "Trades and
Lnbor Congress of Cnnada."
1896
"With many of the Ideals of the
working class shattered by the
eventualities arising out of the
war, mado possible only by the
willingness nf the workers to take
up tho quarrel of others, the
thirty-first convention of thoTrndes
and Labor congress of Canada bids
fair to mark an epoch in the bin-
tory of the organised workers of
this country.
"In welcoming the delegates to
the best the local movement
affords, may I express the hope that
tho Vancouver convention will be
credited In years io come as having, through cool reasoning and
prophetic vision, clearly forecasted
the position of the workers in Canada after the conclusion of hostilities.
"JAS. H. McVETY,"
Pres. Vancouver Trndes and Labor
Council.
The congress held Its twelfth
annual session tt Quebec, P,
Q.. September 16-18 Inclusive.
President P. J. Jobin of the congress
thanked President John C. Sn.tt of the local
tratlen connrll snd Mavnr N. H. Parent for
"the cordial and kindly sentiments expressed and the hospitality promised" during
the stay of the delegates in the city. John
Appleton (Winnipeg), Wm. B. Hughes (Vancouver) and Italph Smith (Nanalmo) were
the western delegates present.
President Jobin said thnt "the question
of labor for the unemployed is one that must
he solved by our legislators If they have any
desire to be recognised as statesmen because
our country Is truly described as one wltb
enormntin and as yet undeveloped resources.
It naturally follows that It must be a criminal
waste to allow men willing to work and eager
In obtain employment going Idle and becoming a burden upon the municipal governments
of our large cities."
"The Trades and Labor congress owes a
debt of gratitude .tn Her Majesty's representatives—His Excellency Lord Aberdeen, for
his sympathy nnd assistance when both were
needed, and we are also indebted to Her Excellency Lady Aberdeen, to whose energetic
efforts we owe that reform so many year!
soiiirht for by this body, namely, the appoint-,
ment of female fartorr Inspectors In the In-
teres!* nf women workers In the province of
Quebec."—President P, J, Jobin.
The congress exerutlve succeeded In ieeur>
Ing the elvht-hoitr ilav for the employeea of
the government In the Ottawa printing bn-.
ean and in the Quebec cartridge factory, tab1
Ing eff-ri May 1, 1[
"We are iiimn the r-'« of mere priWn*rniij
times, a« |i «"v-»r(i1 In-is-c-" xn\*_ haVR
(Continued on Page Two) PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY SEPTEMBEB 17, 1915
—Private Munro writes:
"Send me another pair
ofLeckies'"
"/ haoe worn them In Canada, England, France and
Belgium, In all kjnds of Weather and on all kjnds of
roads, besides giving them a couple of months in mud<hj
trenches, and 1 haoe no hesitation In saying that there
Is not a boot made anywhere for this army or any other
which will compare with them for actual mar and
comfort."
FUntt Monro ia with tha 151b Battalion Canadian., Machine Oui Section ud
bll original letter may to men u II, bf u> HI Intonate! In th. factor? et I.
Lacklo Co., Ltd., Vancouver.
LECKIE
BOOTS AND SHOES
I
are made of iron-strength quality leather. They are
made to wear, AND THEY DO WEAR. No greater
care to make shoes lit well cannot be taken than is
taken with LECKIE BOOTS AND SHOES. This is
why LECKIE BOOTS AND SHOES LEAD IN
WEAR AND FIT.
They are made in B.C.
Ask your dealer what HE thinks of LECKIE
BOOTS AND SHOES—and next time TRY ON A
PAIR.
COAL   COAL
TO HOUSEHOLDERS
You now have an opportunity during this
month to take in your winter's supply of our celebrated Lump Coal at
$6.50 PER TON
Remember that this coal is the highest grade
carbon coal sold on the Pacific Coast. It contains
from 20 to 25 per cent more heat units and is
worth more than $1.00 per ton extra.
MACDONALD, MARPOLE
CO, LTD.
427 Seymour St.
Phone Sey. 210
W. B. TBOIIEB
Organizer for the congreaa. and delegate of
Vancouver Typographical onion, No. 226.
PIONEER
Steam Laundry
Limited
ESTABLISHED 1890
Head Offlce and Works:
Corner Richards and Smythe Streets
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Phones: Seymour 5864 and 5865
Trades and Labor Congress
(Continuod from Page One.)
been increased. . . . Trades and callings
beat organized are always flrst to benefit,
as they are the least to be made feel the
influence of a commercial depression."—Executive report.
Congress did not send a deputation to Ottawa this year, but Instead the Legislative
Board of the Railway Brotherhoods interviewed the government and submitted lta report to congress which was approved.
A monster petition waB Bent to Ottawa re
the head tax on Chinese coolie laborers, to Increase aame from $50 to |500,
Congress resolved to oppose the Introduction of manual training Into the publie
schools..
Manitoba Executive Elected.—W. J. Hodg-
ins, Harry Cowan and John Appleton (Winnipeg).
B. O. Executive.—Oeo. Bartley (Vancouver), Wm. McKay (Victoria), Tully Boyce
(Nanalmo).
The "Socialist-Labor Party" was refused
-representation at the congress by a vote of
86 to 0.
*■'*.-*
| OQ7 At Hamllt0D> 0nt> Septem-
10e7# ber 18-17 inclusive, congress
held its thirteenth session.
President Carey paid a compliment to the
"pioneers" of the movement In Canada, and
Baid tbat "the labor problem to-day 1b receiving more attention at the bands not only
of politicians but of philanthropists, the public and tbe press tban It has previously, and
that attention was generally of a favorable
character.
This year marked 60 years of Queen Victoria's reign and 25 since "the first meeting
of the congreBS which waB the outcome of
good seed sown by tho old Trades Assembly
of Toronto In 1872."
This convention favored: (1) Proportional
representation; (2) enforcement of legislation for the benefit of the workers now on
the atatute booka, rather than to pressing
for new legislation; (8) union labels; (4)
further restrictions on Chinese immigration;
(5) government employment bureaux; ( 0)
government bureaux of labor statistics; (7)
conciliation and arbitration; (8) creation of
a "law fund" by congress; (9) amendments to alien labor law, which Is disguised
as a measure of retaliation against the
United States rather than to prevent the degradation of Canadian workingmen by the
importation under contract by unscrupulous
employers of cheap foreign laborers; (10)
extension of the work of organisation at
Sault Ste. Marie, Algoma and Muskoka; (11)
tbat steps be taken to organise the vast number of unorganised wage-earners In Canada.
Tbe president suggested that • permanent
membership of the congress be established to
enable ex-delegates and others to become active members of the congress.
The report of Oeo. Bartley, member of the
executive for B. C, was approved. It re*
ferred to (1) Oriental Immigration; and (2)
the fishing and canning industries.
"That the Municipal act ot Ontario be
amended io that every subject 21 yean of
age or over be entitled to vote at municipal
elections."    Carried.
Congress dealt with the new federal regulations for the control of gold mining In the
Yukon; and held that tbe government should
retain possession of the gold claims, and to
operate them for the good of the people at
large.
Mr. Lancefleld, librarian of Hamilton public library, addressed congress on question
of "Canadian Copyright."
Among the delegates were: Thos. Killen,
St. John, N. B.; D. J. Marsan, John C. Scott,
P. J. Jobin, Quebec, P. Q.; H. Gravel, J.
Dowton, H. McCamley, R. Keys, Wm. Keys,
Montreal; R. Q. Hay, Robt. Meckel), Jas. P.
Walsh, Chas. St. Jacques, Ottawa; T. H.
Fltipatrlck, W. V. Todd, A. Q. Horwood,
Geo. Crowhurst, M. J. Connors, Wm. Henderson, D. A. Carey (president), D. J.
O'Donoghue, H. Stevenson, Geo. W. Dower
(secretary), T. H. Fltspatrtok, Toronto; W.
J. Eagleton, D. R. Gibson Ed. Williams, David J. Walsh, Hamilton; James Donnelly, J.
T, Marks, London; John Appleton, Winnipeg:
Ralph. Smith (vice-president), Nanalmo, and
others.
President H. Robinson of the local T. and
L. council and Mayor Colquhonn welcomed
the delegates to Hamilton.
• * »
1 QQI2 Congress opened Its four-
lOJ/O teenth session at Winnipeg,
September 16. This was the flrst convention
of Canada's national labor parliament to assemble west of the Great Lakes, consequently
the west was well represented.
In a report submitted to Vancouver T. and
L. council by Delegates Joseph H. Watson
and Harry Cowan (both lately deceased) It
was pointed out that the one thing which
seemed to permeate tbe members from the
Atlantic to the Paelfle was, "If we wish to
gain the ends we are aiming at, we must
Uke a more active part In polities than we
have hitherto done. We recognise the day
of strikes as past or as a last resource, and
that the ballot box must be the weapon we
must use to fight capital, combines and land
speculators," eto. ■
Congress adopted a "platform of principles' ' to govern organised labor.
A discussion took plaee on the Crow's
Nest Pass investigation, which proved tbat
gross and criminal neglect and cruel methods had been nsed by the contractors to Intimidate and force men to work for starvation wages, tbelr Ill-usage going so far as
to cause the death of two men employed on
that work. The government was asked to
fix a minimum wage In snch cases.
A protest was made against men working
seven days a week ln the metalliferous
mines of British Columbia.
The anti-Chinese bill of Geo. R. Maxwell,
M. P. (deceased), was praised as worthy of
labor's support.
A resolution on the letter carriers' grievances was carried, that two dollars for eight
hours be paid with a prospect for promotion.
System of prison-made goods In competition was condemned.
'Pride of the West'
BRAND
OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and
MACKINAW CLOTHING
MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER
BY
Mackay Smith, Blair & Co., Ltd
Wholesale
"BUY GOODS MADE AT HOME, AND GET BOTH
THE GOODS AND THE MONEY."
The B. C. delegation advised that a provincial labor convention be held shortly "to
press our claims and tlie different planks In
our platform affecting (he province on the
government."
The delegates were wolcomed to the city
by Acting Mayor Wilson, Hon. J. D. Cameron, Hugh J. MacdonaM, P- 0. Mclntyre, M.
P. P., Geo. Saults, Jot-* Osborne, Thos. Taylor, Mr. Bethune, Rev Hugh Pedley, President Appleton of the T. and L. council, and
D. L. Mclntyre.
Thirty-four bodies were represented by 48
delegates, who met In the legislative chamber. Those present wore: Prom Washing-
ton, D. C, A. F. of L.—Thos. I. Kidd;
Quebec—Ed. Little, P, J- Jobin, Wm. KeyeB,
Edward Jackson; Montreal—P. C. Chatel,
0. Belanger, S. Fltipatrlck, J. H. Dodd, H.
Gravel, D. Verdon; Ottawa—0. S. 0. Brou-
dreault, John Day; Toronto—D. J. O'Donoghue, J. T. Later, Clins. March, Wm. A.
Vlckery, C. H. Holloway, Jacques Bobt-
tallle, T. H. Fltspatrick, D. A. Carey (president), G. W. Dower (secretary); Hamilton—
John Flett; Bat Portage—Joshua Large;
Winnipeg—John Appleton, R. A. Pyne, 0. 0.
Steuart, Robt. Underwood, W. D. Foster, T.
Ching, John W. Street, Win. Scott, Sam Car-
cary, John Roche, Wn.. Small. R. W. Mc-
Gowan, John T. Mortimore, James Birch,
Bell Hardy. A. W. Puttee; Rossland, B. 0.
—James Wilkes; Vancouver—Harry Cowan,
Joseph H. Watson; Victoria—Wm. McKay.
*      *      *
| QQQ The T- an<*- L- WBTess held
10#7«7 Us fifteenth session at Montreal September 19-22 Inclusive. Seventy-one
delegates represented 47 organisations.
Dlegates from B. 0. were; James Wilkes
(Rossland), R. Smith (Nanalmo), and F. W.
Fowler (Vancouver).
"It Is tbe business of this congress," aald
President R. Smith, M. P. P., "to represent
to our dominion politicians our national grievances. These to-day are represented from
this congress by delegates from the Atlantic
to the raciflc."
D. J. O'Donoghue was accorded praise for
his militancy with the dominion senate over
the passage of the Trade Mark and Design
aot.
Premier Laurler had positively stated to
a deputation that he agreed with the principle of further restricting the immigration of
Chinese. The session of parliament, however,
closed without results so far as Oriental Immigration was concerned.
Considerable strife marked the history of
labor for the year 1809, notably the London,
Ont., street railway atrike.
Congress desired a friendly intercourse
with the Provincial Workingmen'a Association, the membership of whloh embraced the
minera of Nova Scotia.
The report of the executive for B, 0. dealt
with matters bearing on the successes
achieved during the year. The Semlln government "redeemed every pledge given to
labor." The growth of unionism in Manitoba and westward to the coast was phenomenal during the year.
James H. Sullivan, A. F. of L. fraternal
delegate, In an able address made a strong
Elea for organisation and spirit of brother-
ood between unionists on both sides of the
line.
W. D. Mahon, International president of
the Street Railway Employees' union, also
addressed the delegates.
Congress petitioned parliament to compel
street railway companies In Canada to construct their ears so as to avoid the necessity
of employees being compelled to work along
the foot rail of said cars, which "is a risky
and deadly trap to life and limb."
A. W. Puttee (Winnipeg) nominated labor
candidate for federal parliament.
The Ontario executive committee recommended "that ln all cities and towns the
local labor organisations should be requested to do all In their power to elect men
pledged to support labor Interests, Irrespective of what political party tbey may belong to."
Congress recommended that the various
central bodies take steps to form themselves
Into political organisations on Independent
lines. It further declared that "hereafter
members of labor organisations found on the
platform and advocating the Interests of the
old political parties be regarded with suspicion, as decohys of the wage-earners, and
should be regarded as opponents of the advanced labor movement." Later congress
took a referendum vote on "Independent
political action."
*     *     *
1 Qf\fi       The sixteenth annual session.
A VVV held at Ottawa, September 18-
22 Inclusive, was an historic one, Premier
Laurler and many members of parliament being present to extend addresses of welcome
to the delegates. Moreover, this waa the
flrat time that any national labor body in this
country had been addressed by a minister of
the crown, the honor of which fell to Hon.
J. O. O'DOHOOBUB
Son of the late Dan J. O'Donoghue. As a
lawyer in Toronto he is considered a
specialist In labor oases.
P.  W. WELSH
A municipal councillor of South Vancouver
and delegate from Vancouver Plumbers'
union.
JOB* W. BRUCE
Canadian organiser of International Plumb'
ers'   association  and  delegate  of  that
body.
W. Mulock, minister of labor. He drew attention to the policy of the government regarding labor, and reviewed aome of the
measures wblch the government had introduced and Invited from congress criticism of
these. At a subsequent meeting the congress
availed Itself fully of the Invitation.
The government Labor Gasette made Its
flrst public appearance on the opening day
of the congress, the initial number being
presented to the president.    Some 65 dele-
Sates were present, Will. Mc. Clain, of the
[aohlnlsts*   union,  representing Vancouver.
"Organised labor was making steady
growth, and the first fruits of onr work are
to be seen more and more by the Introduction of a few important principles already
operated by the government," said the president. The resolution of the minister of labor that all government contracts Bhall contain conditions preventing abuses arising out
of sub-letting of same, and the paying of a
standard wage ln the district where the work
Is carried on, was a boon to labor. The late
D. J. O'Donoghue, the father of the national
labor movement of Canada, was appointed
the commissioner to see to the enforcement
of this new labor law.
A. Puttee, of Winnipeg, was eleoted labor
representative to the federal parliament.
The strike on the western section of the
0. P. R. of malntenance-of-way men terminated In favor of the men.
The Chinese poll tax was Increased from
ISO to $100.
E. P. Bremner, of the Western Federation
of Miners, was appointed to enforce the alien
labor law In B. C.
The congress on a vote of 88 to 22 decided
In favor of political aotlon, and that only
candidates who have been members of some
organised labor body for twelve months bo
supported as labor candidates.
After a spirited debate representatives of
the Canadian Socialist League were refused
seats at the congress by a vote of 48 to 11.
David A. Carey, Toronto, advocated a
closer alliance with the trade unions of
Great Britain. The membership of the Canadian unions affiliated with the A. F. of L.
was 10.457.
W. D. Mahon. A. F. of L. fraternal delegate, was presented with a diamond ring.
George W. Dower, secretary-treasurer for
fourteen years, retired.
is *r *W..WM *lvBB bF *ne loc»I nnlon«
miMi^Y0881,1 t0 the Agates, at which Sir
Wilfrid Laiirier and Hon. Mr. Mulock were
present. Delegates were also entertained at
dinner by tho painters.
* * *
1 Of) 1 Congress held Its seventeenth
**/V •*■*■• annual session at Brantford,
Ont., September 17-20 Inclusive. Eighty-one
delegatea were present, representing 69 or-
EBfftS*^16 trade" *nd Ubor «oonett«. a
of  Labor  district  assemblies,   10  K.  of L.
lift ofVSSr&M on,on,• a ,Bdep»I nn'0"".
Sn. 'r*ltePn8l delegates.
™-!ule Mnt.r,lbwtlng short addresses at the
3iiJ£» nntl?f wwe: Thomas Bremner,
fi"dw0,J*nntfwd; John R. O'Brien, of Buf-
flt a iini ,r*iepni1 delegate of A. F. of L.;
IL.i *.« r' ,n,tenta! delegate of Interna-
■Eh Jrrney"lfn Tailors' union, and John
Flstt. vice-president of the congress.
Ralph Smith, M. P., preaident of the congress, explained the principles underlying
the trade union movement In Canada and
the purposes of the congress.
Congress was concerned In several big
strikes, A long one ensued In one ot the
coal mines on Vancouver Island; 5,000 white
and Indian fishermen refused to fish on the
Fraser river for the price offered; 1,200
miners and carpentera of Rossland wanted
more wages; and the great C. P. R. malnten-
anoe-of-way strike won by the men.
A fair-wage schedule should be put tn
all government contracts, so Insisted congress.
George Bartley, B. C. executive member,
reviewed In detail the nvidence taken In this
province during tbe year by the royal commission on Oriental immigration, and suggested for tbe consideration of the congress
certain legislative measures for restriction of
Asiatic Immigration. V&os. H, Twlgg, another member, outlined the acts passed at
the last session of the legislature effecting
labor, while James B, McLaren (Rossland}
dealt with mining conditions in the Interior,
The congress for the first year of the new
century had a member of the house of commons for president (Ralph Smith), and also
another one (A. W. Puttee) on the executive.
This was tha flrst occasion when all the
provinces—through their respective executive committees—presented reports of the
work done during the year. These were exhaustive and well prepared,
ThlB province was represented by five delegates,
The debates were ably conducted and
showed that the delegtes were strictly practical In all matters proposed.
A committee waB appointed to enquire Into
the feasibility of forming a Canadian Federation of Labor.
A large deputation of the Lord's Day alii-
anace was received by congress, headed by
Mr. Shearer. By a unanimous vote congress
appointed a standing committee of five to
work with the alliance.
All union men were urged to abstain from
joining military organisations, excepting
when this country be invaded. ThlB resolution was a protest against the authorities for
calling out the mllltla to flght organised labor In recent strikes at Vancouver, B. C;
London, Ont.; Valleyfleld, Que., and other
places.
The practice of railway companies advertising for more harvest workers In the west
than were needed was condemned by congress.
George W. Dower, for many yeara secretary of the congress, waa presented with an
address and a purse In recognition of his
services. J. R. O'Brien, A. F. of L., was
presented with a diamond ring.
Delegates visited the Ontario Institute for
the blind, and were received by Principal
Dymond, and the Brantford T. and L. council tt  -     - -
I tendered them a banquet.
| QAO One hundred and two labor
a\ a7\M__ organisations were represented
at Berlin. Ont., convention of the congress,
September 15-19 Inclusive.
By a vote of 78 to 43, delegates, representing assemblies of the Knights of Labor, were
excluded from the T. and L. congress, thus
ten organisations were effected. For nineteen
years the K. of L, had been affiliated with the
T. and L. congress of Canada,
The report of the royal commission on
Oriental Immigration Issued.
A letter stated that tho Phoenix (B. 0.)
Trades and Labor council did not desire affiliation with the congress, because It believed that the congress was rather an appendage of a capitalistic party than a body
devoted to the advancement of the interests
of the working people of Canada. A committee of Investigation on these charges was ap
Solnted, consisting of Delegates J, D. Mc-
iven, Victoria; J. A. Rodler, Montreal; C.
S. 0. Boudreault, Ottawa; T J. Griffiths,
Montreal, and D. W. Kennedy, Toronto. This
special committee reported that in Its belief
the accusations wero absolutely ridiculous,
most unjustifiable and palpably untrue,
which report was adopted.
A workmen's liability bill was Introduced
by the government of New Brunswick.
Congress asked government of Quebec to
Sass a nine-hour law and a minimum wage
or laborera. That of Montreal for civic em*
ployees waa 11.50 for ten hours.
Number of unions in affiliation with con*
gress, 212; members, 18,465, and amount of
revenue, $1,478.61.
Sabbath Observance.—Bev. W. A. Bradley
asked congress to help ln movement to secure
a better observance of the Lord's day. He
hoped that the time wonld oome when only
five days would be worked and Saturday be
a day of recreation, and Sunday a day of absolute rest. During the session a resolution
condemning Sunday excursions and In favor
of a Saturday half-holiday was adopted by
the congrosa
Dy a vote of 78 to 12 the resolution against
compulsory arbitration was carried.
A resolution ln favor of "free apeech'
was carried.
Some 68 resolutions were presented to the
congress and acted upon, among which were:
(1) Against calling ont the mllltla during
strikes, (2) against assisted Immigration, (8)
against property qualification of mayor and
aldermen.
Mr. Driscoll, delegate from the A. F. of L.,
was present and fraternally "ringed."
The retiring president. Ralph Smith, M. P.,
was presented with sn Illuminated address.
The  delegates  were   banquetted   (September 18) by the T. and L. council, and a ball
was held (Friday, September 19) under auspices of the Women's Label league,
*     •     *
1 Qfft Ta *nd L' con»rMI of Can-
1 %f\J%J ada held Its nineteenth session
at firockvlllo, Ont., September 22-25 Inclusive. One hundred and twenty delegates were
seated, representing 19 tradea councils and
61 unions,
"Owing to active hostilities on the part of
the   Employers'   and the Mnufacturers' --■-
(Continued on Page Five.)
J. D. KcWVBH
Dominion    government    fair-wage    officer—
Western representative of federal depart*
ment of labor.
THE LABOUR
GAZETTE
The Official Journal of the Dement of Labour of Canada
PUBLISHED MONTHLY
EACH issue of The Labour Gazette contains much
statistical and other information relating to
industrial conditions, cost of living, etc. Referring more specifically to the contents of
this publication, it may be said that among matters dealt with are the following: (1) A letter from
each industrial centre in Canada dealing with local
events in the industrial world; (2) Special letters
from women correspondents as to women's work in
leading industrial centres; (3) Trade agreements;
(4) Changes in rates of wages; (5) Particulars of
Trade Disputes; (6) Statements of all proceedings
under the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act;
(7) Judicial Decisions as to Industrial Matters; (8)
Wholesale and Retail Prices in Canada; (9) Fair
Wages Schedules placed in Dominion Contracts;
(10) Reports of Industrial Conventions; (11) Special Articles on Current Economic Questions. The
average issue of The Labor Gazette contains about
120 printed pages.
Subscription Rate — 20 cents per
annum to any address
Postage Prepaid
Address—Circulation Clerk,
Labour Gazette, Ottawa
THE
VICTORIA PHOENIX
Brewing Co.
Limited
THE OLDEST AND
MOST UP-TO-DATE
BREWERY IN THE
PROVINCE
VICTORIA, B. C.
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Phones: Seymour 800 and 8630
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Trial Order Solicited
Satisfaction Guaranteed
SUBSCRIBE TO THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST OFFICIAL     PAPEB     VAH0OUVE8
TBADES   AND    LABOB   COUNCIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
SEVENTH YEAR.   No. 38
(Congress Number)
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17,1915.
EIGHT PAGES
IB VuwovtrV
.    Oitr, 11.00 7
$1.50 PER YEAR
—■"-l HE BUSINESS OF INSURANCE in all its branches,
n   rrt     although a comparatively modern feature of the
■   *      trade and commerce of the world, has become an
^^flk   indispensable adjunct of the industrial and econom-
^■M   ic life of civilization.  The extent and ramifications
-J^U   of insurance and its influence in the realms of pro-
*9E3I duction and finance are but dimly comprehended by
the average individual.  Even among those whose training and
daily life bring them into close contact with the inside facts
relating to big business, there is a tendency to overlook the
commanding position which insurance now occupies as the
bridesmaid of commerce.  It will come as news to most people
that the great life insurance companies of Europe and the
United States, by virtue of their surplus and invested funds,
are easily the wealthiest corporations existing in the world today.  Only recently a single group of British Life Offices took
up at one mouthful $500,000,000 worth of the great government
war loan recently floated in London.
But the department of Life Insurance is only one of the
many branches of this vast business, and under the heading of
Employers' Liability, Sickness and Aocident, Fire, Marine and
General Insurance, the position is equally important.
A. S. MATTHEW, Manager
Nowhere perhaps have the genuine services of insurance
performed in the interests of workers and capitalists alike been
more pre-eminently displayed than in our own Province of
British Columbia, where the basic industries of lumbering, mining and fishing, and their development sidle by side with a
transportation system and the growth of new centres of population, call for the employment of skilled and unskilled labor
and vast sums of capital in enterprises entailing heavy hazards
to those undertaking to exploit under pioneer conditions the
vast resources of this last, best west.
It is safe to say that the labor and capital required for
our productive industries, without whieh British Columbia
would have been handicapped for years, would never have
been forthcoming except for the extension to this province of
an insurance organization which, by virtue of its experience
and resources, acquired in older and more settled communities,
was able to provide protection against those hazards which had
so long hindered development.
Among those leaders in the insurance world, whose connections with the insurance circles of other countries and
knowledge of Canadian and Western conditions, combined
with personal energy and business ability, enabled them to
play a useful part in bringing the benefits of insurance within
reach of the struggling industries of British Columbia, none
have played a more prominent or honorable part than Mr. A.
S. Matthew, whose photograph is here reproduced. Mr. Matthew is manager of the Guardian Casualty and Guaranty Company, and is regarded as one of the best authorities on liability
insurance. He is a member of the International Association of
Casualty and Surety Underwriters, and for some years took
an active part on the various committees of this organization.
Mr. Matthew haB figured prominently in his trenchant
criticisms of the government bill to establish state compensation insurance. He has addressed the Trades and Labor Council, the Rotary Club, Victoria, and various other organizations
on the subject, and was the principal speaker at an open meeting of employers recently held under the auspices of the builders' exchange. Mr. Matthew contends that if this proposal is
enacted into law, it will seriously cripple the development of
the province.
Under Mr. Matthew's able direction, the Guardian Casualty and' Guaranty Company has built up one of the largest
casualty businesses in this territory.
U/>e
British Columbia
Permanent Loan Company
Vancouver, B. C.
Paid Up Capital -   $1,000,000.00
Information gladly given in regard to investments of from $5.00 to $5,000.00.
*
T. D. MACDONALD, Manager.
n DEPARTMENT
ARE LESS
Tact of Officials Prevents
Many Troubles from
Growing Worse
Informing  Reports
and Keeps Watch on
Food Prices
B. A. EIOO
Newly Eleoted Social Democratic Member of
Menltob* Legislature. Delegate from
Winnipeg Trades and Labor council.
Department Issues Beports.
The activities of the Department of
Labour in these mutters are specially
illustrated in the two reports which it
has -just issued, entitled respectively
"Labour Organization in Canada,
1914" and "Wholesale Prioes in Canada, .1914." In the first report are
found the figures above mentioned as
to trades union recruiting; also much
valuable and timely information as to
/   V     HE WOULD WAB has quite
J inevitably affected the industrial life of Canada from
. practically every point of
view and the effects are reflected in the various publications of
the Department of Labour. Without
attempting here any general discussion
of the industrial situation, one may deal
for a moment usefully with a particular
phaso of the subject whioh should be
particularly gratifying to Canadian
workers.
Practically No Strikes
There has been nn almost entire ces- ,k„ „,. „,            .   -,         ....
cation of strikes in Canada from >_\ Jr°f ™ f *IttdM ""-oni'm during
the beginning of the war. The monthly. _\ Le" ,1.9"; °ne ™?lt •'"» *»'
strike  record,  maintained by the De*'^'b"n„fth,e if""' dr*ng 191t " v*?e
pnrtuicnt of Labour, and published in <Zu%\ft£*?°A ?tV\ fj^jtf'
the Labour Gazette, has    for   several'™SieJ ?' the <""*'* ln* •*°ai »» 168.*
months contained mention of no strike ",3* ^"g,.80™? thousands below the to-
whi«h has represented    any grave in* *A 175'™' »•»*"»■>.« »' *M «•><• «« WM-
terruption of industry.   The few strikes T!"ts ?" the wllc>le ,s to have been 8I*
reported have been comparatively un- Pected*
important and have been either quickly Cost of Living Is Traced,
ended or have proved small affairs, The Wholesale Prices report contains
hardly noteworthy save in the exact information of particular value in re-
figures of the statistician. searches in matters relating to cost of
Ooal Mining Uninterrupted. ]M"el 1uesti*,*>8 arising out of which
The coal mining industry is well ond tables scattered plentifully through-
kiicvn to bo somewhat prolific out the pages of the report ore both in-
m strikes in Canada, as in othor 8truetive and interesting. While the
countries, but since the outbreak information collected shows that prices
of the war it has been practically are still slowly advancing, yet, looking
free of this trouble. The prolonged 0vor the country nt large, no violent
strike of coal miners on Vancouver Is* upwnrd movemenf i„ reported and the
land, which had continued down to the uutliorities hnve not apparently found
time of tho beginning of tho war ill „ny reason for drastic action aiming at
Europe, wns formally cnlled off a weok remedy,
or two after hostilities commenced. It ' vn,.t .,,.^..,1. ....
he, been a matter for satisfaction also T . ?""•* A,utalU» •"*•
that the agreement made in November, " ls interesting to note in this
1811, between the Western Coal Opera* connection thnt the Australian Corn-
tors' Association and the United Mine monwealth, as well as most of the
Workers of America in the Fernie-Loth* st"*te** ol "*■■> Commonwealth, following
bridge coul mining district nnd which different lines, took steps immediutely
torminntod on March 31, 1915, was the m the outbreak of war, for the actual
flrst time on record followed bv n now oontrol of prices and many laws were
agreement without any interruption of Passed on the subject. Much confusion
work. So it has been practically right "-si-ted without improving the sltuo-
down tho line of industries. It must tion ■■•"- »ft<"' efforts for several months
not be inferred that thero have been in ""> "'"J* ot Pril*<- fixation, such at*
no labour difficulties. tempts were abandoned as imprnctio-
_ ■_. - .-_ , __ _ .. nble or fruitless; the latost Australian
Department Solves Many Troubles. „dvices indicate that price conditions
Those who are in touch with there were normal. It is true that Ger*
the Department of Labour will be many has found it necessary to regu-
awnre that many times it has Into food prices and to put the popula-
been only by careful and tactful work tion partly on rations, but this same
on the part of its experienced officers necessity fortunately has not existed
that the wheels of industry have beon here,
kept going.   In this way   and   other- Canadian Officials Watching.
wise it has been possible to bring tho     T„   .. „   „„n„,in,n ...   •   „„    ., .„
strike record to its present low level. J"   'hne. iT1"  ™ At ZZ. ?„L°
The Minister of Labour shortly after *°wu*h»l£°„'™?"■!?«/. SVl    fh
.wa .....i...nni.  ne ....... a i.-..! -„ aoa is not being neglected, and that the
™JZ rt. L f,il< rt u™ ** • t »-*»«««" ia bei»g «*>™*W watched and
gnrd to the ngitntion in the public mind, .a„i..aA „„   ,„.R, „    .a,.f j„..i,.  ...
appealed  pu&icly to    employe™    and'   Xrv ntior !^JL^^ft\£
workers to mako more than  ordinary p„"^™r
efforts to secure amicable arrangement   '     '
of such differences as must inevitably
occur between them from time to time,
and the Minister's view seems to have
found general favour.
Period of Comparative Peace.
The   records   of    the     Department
show    that    the    number    of   strikes
during    the    past      twelve      months
has been greatly smaller than during
intervention of some sort should eir-
necessity for the
Some Things the Wu it Doug for
Merchandising in B. C.
"It's an ill wind that blows nobody
good." If the wur is doing one thing
more than another for Vancouver, it is
any equal period since statistics on the weeding out a clasB of merchants that,
subject have boen collected, and these in many cases, wore really of no credit
statistics, it may be remarked, extend to the community,
back to 1901, covering thus the most; During the period of real estate
active industrial epoch in the history of. ffHmb]ing, when extravagances in the
the Dominion. Tbe situation in Canada j verbal and written word were rife,
in these matters is the more remarkable 80me merchants undertook to apply tho
and the moro satisfactory when it is mme motbods to thoir merchandising,
realised that in countries where, as in nnd in tMs way much wm done to up-
Great Britain and Germany for instance, 180t the confldence in advertising and
war conditions are more acute than in
Canada, disputes of the gravest nature
have from time to time named up.
U. S. A. Not So Quiet.
In the United States, too, where although the evil of actual war has not
yet appeared, industrial conditions have
been none the less profoundly affected
by the war prevailing over the world,
presB reports do not indicate that the
.strenuous times through which we are
passing have materially eased the ten-
Ision between capital and labour, and the
past few months have seen many dangerous and difficult strikes, with violent disturbances in not a few cases.
Canada seems, in fact, fortunately uni-1
quo almost in its comparative freedom
from strikes.
Labor Officials Co-operated,
Oillcials of the Department of
Labour bear cordial witness to the
good work done in these matters
by officials of leading labour organizations. Again and again have these
latter, without in any way departing
from principles of the best unionism,!
the merchants generally. But like the
real estate gambler, this unreliable
merchant is passing.
The merchants that nre standing the
jtreJi and strain of the present crisis,
and who will weather the gale, are those
who refused to adopt the questionable
methods of doing business, but who, in
the face of the seeming success of the
newet style of "business getting," instead rf the older style of "business
building," maintained the right kind of
merchandising and store service. It hns
been Ibis latter kind cT merchants that
The Federationist has always endeavored to keep before its readers through
its advertising columns.
Pet Imps we could best illustrate what
we mean by "the proper kind of merchandising and store service," by an
experience of tho writer who was spending a few days in Victoria a short time
Ugo, and found himself in need of some
men's wearing apparel. Starting out to
flnd some reliable place, he turned the
comer of Government nnd Yates street,
nnd looking up Yates he saw the big
buyers. It is merchandising of this
kind and store service Buch as that
itand the test whon the real stifling
time comes.
worked with employers and Govern-1 red nnw -, • wjth th nnmo of j, tf
ment officers to prevent the outbreak Harvey across the con.re, ao familiar to
of a strike. This testimony i" tlie vancotiveritoa. This decided at once
more gratifying in viow of the misap- f fc, R8 t h ,,e h ,fl h
prehension, too common on the part of Hardl had he fc inflide thfl door &
those outside tho actual ranks of the he foJnd ,]im^lf 81irrounded b tho
workers, that trades unionism, and par-1 gam0 enia, fttm0flphl)re  and  there
ticularly the international trades union- .va8 the abame promp/ttnd carofu, ftt.
ism of Canada, is too seldom found Jn | tention to nia nereds tlmt have mndB m
hne with the larger interests of the | J; K Har*v©y Olothing atores eo popular
Dominion. There is plenty of evidence, ..j,,, .,„ fllJftaRfla of British Columbia
fortunately, that orgnmzed labour is
standing shoulder to shoulder with the
other great elements of Canadian life
at the present' time.
Many Unionists Enlist.
The returns published by the
Department of Labour show that the
trades unions have furnished many
thousands of enlisted men, besides
the reservists of different countries, and in every case, so far as the
reports of the Department show, the
unions have arranged that their enlisted members shall be under no penalty in the way of dues, insurances,
etc.; in other words, the orgnnized
workors have shown in the most practical way in their power their cordial
endorsation of the action of those of
their brothers who have gone to the
front. It is a distinct advantage to
the public to have a clear view on such
points.
Brown Bros.
Limited
Nurserymen, Seedsmen
and Florists
Cut Flowers and Funeral Emblems Seeds, Bulbs and Plants,
Ornamental   Trees   and   Shrubs.
Vancouver, B. O.  Victoria, B. O.
Hammond, B.O.
Imperial Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital 17,000,000
Reserve -find 17,000,000
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
PELEO HOWLAND,  E. HAT,
President.      General Mgr.
Savings Buk Department
at all branchei. AU clones
of basking business undertaken.
VANCOUVEB BRANCHES:
640 Hastings Streot Wtat,
A. Jnkot, Manager.
84 Hastings Stroot West,
A. B. Owen, Manager.
2013 Oranvillo Stroot,
J. S. Olbb, Manager.
Invest In
Mortgages
We can
give you high-
class first
Mortgages
paying
7% and 8%
Royal
Financial
Corporation
Rogers Building
Vancouver
Capital paid up
$523,646,50
M. J. Orehoa, F. O. A.
W. S. Martin, O. A.
Crehan, Martin
&Co.
Chartered Accountants and Auditors, Liquidators and Financial
Advisors.
Correspondents: Williamson, Hig-
gins & Co., Toronto, Ont., West &
Drake, London, Eng., H. B. Brandon, Belfast, Ireland
Suite 607-8-9-10-11 Crown Bldg*
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
A Personal
Inspection is the only means of
appreciating the variety of
MEN'S UP-TOOATEFUENI3H-
INUB we carry. We may say wo
are quite out of the following:
Saucy cut slot with fakement
seums and little artful buttons at
the bottom; suit all comers; for
business or pleasure. Cut very
serious, to suit ptoughmon, dustmen, sneaks, -.ushrcom faker:-,
trottcrmen, costers, actors, parsons, bruisers and gentlemen; peg-
top, bell bottoms, tights or drop-
over-tlie-hocps; black or dandy
vests mado to (lash the rug or
dicky, or tight up round the
scrag; lavender In every shade,
built spanky, to suit the ikcy and
flimsy lads of Notting Hill, Shepherd 's Bush, etc., etc.
E. Chapman
BRITISH IMPORTER
545 Granville St.
Favored Styles in New Fall Suits
for Women
The latest ideas are expressed in the wide
variety of styles now on display—a choice collection of models that will appeal to those seeking suits of practical worth.
The fabrics are fine quality Serges, Gabardines,
Worsteds and various effective novelties, while
the color range is complete with the leading
shades.
AT 195.00—A smart suit ln navy blue
worsted with black velvet trimmings, Tho
coat is designed to At close to tho neck,
and is Moused above the narrow bolt in
front, whilo the back falls in box pleats
over the hips. Skirt is made plain with
patch pockets.
AT 829.60—A practical suit in green
mixed tweed features the Norfolk lines.
The coat ia pleated, belted and has patch
pockets. The skirt is made with yoke and
is gored.
AT $35.00—A semi-tailored suit in African
brown Gabardine. Coat is cut square and
is made with semi-fitted back. The skirt
has a panel front with cluster of pleats on
tbe hips.
OLDEST AND LARGEST IN WESTERN CANADA
-BEST SERVICE    LOW CHARGES-
PHONE   SEY    7M>0
Campbell Storage Company
CAPITAL   $300 000 00
MAIN OFFICE   857 BEATTY ST.    "
JOIN THE ARMY OF $2.00
HAT WEARERS
All our stock is absolutely new and up-to-date.
Our values cannot be beat in Canada.
QUALITY      STYLE      SERVICE
—And don't overlook the fact that we stand behind evory bat that
leaves this store
Our motto:   "Satisfaction Guaranteed."
$2 Black and White Hat Store $2
100 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Vha
CLARKE & STUART CO., Ltd.
MAtTOFAOTDBINO ADD OOKMSBOIAL STATIONERS AMD PBDTTEXS
BOOKBINDERS, LOOSE LEAF DEVICES.
School Outfitters, Students' Materials snd Supplies.
Engineer.', gumjrors', Artists' tnd Drawing Materials.
Mail Orders receive prompt snd careful attention.
S20 SETMOUB STBEBT, OOBNEB OOBDOVA
: SET. Ne. 3 Opposite C. P. R. Depot VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
New Wellington Coal
From tho Famous No. 1 Mine, Nanalmo Collieries.
WASHED NUT COAL, $6.00
LUMP COAL, $7.00
For Ton Delivered.
J. KINGHAM & CO.
Phono 647        p.mberton Block, 1004 Broad Stroot.      Victoria, B.C.
Our Method: 20 Sacks to the ton, lOOIbs. of Coal in onch suck.
Delegates Visit
HOTEL
ST. REGENT
162-4-6-8 HASTINGS ST. E.
Fireproof Storage
f    FINEST DEPOSITORY FOR   W
FURNITURE. PIANOS. AND VALUABLES IN
.-C^THE CITY *-*^
SAFETY SILVER VAULTS. PRIVATE LOCKED COMPARTMENTS
9honc Seymour 3200, Qffici ft68»*TTY*
tfwuvtfo Ifireproof Storage
AHD M0VIN6 COMPANY ClMITED.
World Shoe Co.
64 Hastings St., W„ Phons Say. 1770
Bxt Shoe Repairing "While You Walt'
Work called for and delivered
Logger*' Mlnen' Cripples' ud any kind
of special Shoes made to order
ARE YOU GOING TO MOVE?
THAT'S A QUESTION,
BUT THERE'S NO QUE TION AS TO WHO
SHOULD DO YOUR
MOVING - PACKING - SHIPPING
- STORING —
Johnston Storage Company, Ltd.
SEYMOUR 9688
1160 HAMILTON STREET PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 17, 1911
His name is "Paddy." If you don't
believe it go and tell Wm so, and you'll
find he's got one.
INCORPORATED 1886
MOLSONS
Bank
CAPITAL and RESERVE
$8,800,000
98 Branches In Canada
A general banking business transacted. Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interut allowed at Ugliest
current rata
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED INI
Paid-up Capital
Reeerve 	
Total Aetata • -
I 11,KKWW
12,100,000
WR ALLOW INTEREST ON DEPOSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will open
tho account, and your
business will bo welcome be It large er
email
Branches and correspondents
throughout the world
THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
PobUshed every Friday morning by tbe B. 0. Fad,rs-
Uonist, limited
B. Perm Pettlplece Manager
J. W. Wilkinson Editor
Office: Boom 217, Lsbor Tomple.   Telephone Exchange
Soymonr 7406
Subscription: $1.50 per yesr; ln Vancouver City, $2;
to unions subscribing in a body, $1.
REPRESENTATIVES
New Wutmlniter W. E. Maiden, Boi 084
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 581
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1588
Afflliated with the Western  Lahor Press  Association
"Unity of Labor: tbe Hope of tbe World"
FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 17, 1916
THE
nKORFOIATED
1SSS
BANK OF
TORONTO
 160,000,000
Deposits 141,000.000
Out of Every
Wage
oome portion ihould be banked
regularly,, either as security
agalnat the proverbial rainy day
or as a foundation to future prosperity.. 11.00 will open an account in The Bank of Toronto,
and interest is added half-yearly
to tho balances on deposit.
Paid-up Capital $8,000,000
Reserved Punda $6,307,872
Comer Hastings and Cambie Sta.
TO THB OFFICERS and delegates
of the thirty-first annual convention of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, we extend a cordial welcome on behalf of the trade unionists    of    Vancouver.
WELCOME M*rlay    T^^    nSXt-
TOTHR^ will  see  the   consumma-
™ ™„„ tion   of  the   plans   and
congress. hopeB of those who have
labored go diligently to secure for this city the pleasure of seeing
the representatives of organized labor
from the far east to the last great west
gathered here.
0 0 0 0
During the coming week, it will be
their work to grapple with some of the
gravest questions affecting the future of
the working class in Canada, which any
convention has ever had to face. The
coming days are dark with unfamiliar
problems, begotten of a condition in world
affairs which is without equal either in
history of the memory of men.
•        to.*
Of precedents, there are none to
guide, and it will require all the personal
ability and imagination of every delegate,
to so direct the course of the Congress, as
will prove best in the interests of those
whom it is designed to serve. We trust
that the deliberations will be fruitful of
such beneficial results, as will in future
years mark the Vancouver eonvention as
the best of conventions held at the worst
of times.
British Columbia
LAND
Splendid opportunities In Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Columbia
Qrante Pre-emptions of 160 acres
to Actual Bottlers—
TERMS—Residence on tho land
for at loaat three years; improvements to tho extent of $5 por
aerej bringing under cultivation
at loaat Ivo acres.
For further information apply to
DHPDTT MTJtflgTBR OF
LANDS, VICTORIA, B.O.
■BOUT-JIT, BUREAU OF
PBOVWOIAL HfFORMATION,
VICTORIA, aa
THE TELEPHONE
SUPERSEDES
THE REVOLVER
Tbere is no necessity for firearms in tbe bouse, if you bave a
telephone. If you are alarmed ot
night, reach for your extension
telephone and send out your an*
fieal for help. Noiselessly, quick*
y tbe message is speeded forth.
No need to turn on a light and
search for your loaded revolver,
with the probable danger of
Bhooting a member of your family. Besides loaded weapons are
dangerous things where there are
children.
The Telephone is quicker,
Wben you telephone, you know
surer, safer.
in a moment that your appeal bas
been heard, you are assured that
help is being sent.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY, LTD.
BRITISH  TRADE   UNIONISTS in
convention at Bristol last week,
rejected by an overwhelming majority, a resolution calling upon the parliamentary committee of the labor party
to formulate and advocate
______ terms  of peace satisfac-
BRITISH tory fa the wor]5Jng olass.
WORKERS We ^j^ we Can see what
AND PEACE. they meant) i,ut reading
between the lines it seems
as though the gathering was pervaded by
an atmosphere of slightly hysterical haste.
0 0*0
Now, note the resolution. It says
"to formulate and advocate terms of
peace satisfactory to the working olass."
Not satisfactory to the committee or to
any one section of the working class, but
to the working class as a class. We presume the convention really wanted to express its disapproval of the peace proposals of a minority of the working class, and
that it passed the resolution with that object.
0      •      •      •
But is there any reason to think that
the majority of the working olass in Britain to-day is in favor of the views of that
small section! The convention itself represents three million of the organized
workers. It includes the great trade unions whose members have enlisted in their
thousands and which have pledged their
support to the government in its war
plans. Outside the unions are many thousands of workers. Is there reason to believe that any considerable number of
them incline to the views of the peace
minority t
0 0 0*
If there is, we have not have been
able to detect it from careful observation
of the actions of the workers of Britain
during the past thirteen months. And,
so far as we can see, the desire of the vast
majority of British workmen is opposed
to terms of peace which do not include
the complete destruction of the military
power of Germany and Austria, and the
driving from power of the militarist parties in those countries.
0 0 0*
That being the case—and there iB no
considerable body of evidence to the contrary—it would seem that the best thing
the convention could have done to achieve
its object, would have been to forward
plans for the formulation of terms of
peace "satisfactory to the working
class." The working class evidently
wants the war to continue until the military power of the Teutons is destroyed.
The convention of the trade unionists was
plainly of the same mind. Then why turn
the resolution down. It looks as though
a slight touch of hysteria was responsible
for submerging the very point which the
convention wished to bring out.
THE
F0X7
LIBERAL.
THE LIBERALS of British Columbia
decided at a smoking concert last
Monday night that, if the people
of the province, by a plebiscite vote indicate that they want prohibition, all they
will have to do iB to put
the Liberals in office at
Victoria, and they will see
the people get what they
want.
0*00
On the other hand, if the people by
their vote decide the other way, they need
not get despondent about it, and think
they have thrown away the priceless services of the Liberal party. Just let them
go to them, and tell them they do not
want prohibition, and the Liberals will
see they do not get it. What the Liberals
want ia office.
0 0 0 0
The question of prohibition or no pro
hibition, is a matter of secondary importance with them. If it were not, they would
have come out plain and straight with
prohibition or anti-prohibition right in
the front of their platform.
• 000
Instead of that, under the pretence of
democracy, they propose to try and fin<l
out how the votes of the electorate would
go on the question, and then drop down
on that side of the fence which offers the
best prospects of political success for
them. The Conservatives would sell the
province to retain office. The Liberals
would sell their souls—if they had any—
to get into office. Fancy asking a man
with any independent political judgment
to support either of the parties.
MINERS
FOR
BRITAIN.
CUMBERLAND MINERS in England, would seem to be against the
plan to take miners from Vancouver island to work over there. From news
advices, they fear that if men are taken
from this country to work
in those mines, the unemployed among themselves
will be very numerous
^^^^^ when the war is over. It
is difficult to get the real
facts of the situation, and nothing would
be more desirable than to "have an authoritative statement direct from the Cumberland miners' unions on the subject. There
is one thing however which can be said
with absolute certainty, and that is, that
there are very many miners on Vancouver
island who would' be glad of the chance
to go anywhere to get work.
*      •      •      *
The majority of them are old countrymen, and all those we have in mind are
men who have proved their mettle as union men during the past Btrike, which
was one of the most severe ever known
either in this country or any other.
Wherever they go their fellow workmen
will need to have no fear as to how they
would behave, in any situation involving
a struggle for better conditions for those
who follow the work of coal mining.
British Columbia has seen them in action.
That's why we know.
BEGIN
WITH
THE CHILD.
MINDS OF GROWN MEN of today are unreliable, for the purpose of putting into effect the
idea that democracy should rise in the
might of its numbers, to prevent Buch a
terrible experience as the
world is passing through
to-day. The war has
proved it, and has consigned to the scrap heap
a very choice assortment
of theories to the contrary. The physical
environment of men has proved stronger
to move them, than the immature ideas
that were just beginning to take shape in
their mentality.
0 0*0
It is the old story over again, that the
child is father of the man. And if ever a
change is to be made it is down in the
foundations, in the minds of children, that
the first work must be done. That is the
secret of the success enjoyed by those organizations of human kind, which have
best stood the stress of time and its varying fortune. The idea back of the boy
scout movement, is the idea the anti-
militarists will have to grasp and apply
before they make much reliable progress,
That idea is, "Give us the child, and we
shall not be disappointed in the man."
THE
BURDEN.
THREE THOUSAND unemployed
have been shipped out of British
Columbia to the prairies to do.
harvesting work under
the oheap fare plan ar-
shifting ranged by the provincial
government with the Canadian Pacific Railway
company. The farmers
welcomed their coming, because the men
who were already there were not so numerous but that they could demand a wage
which the farmers did not like paying.
•       oo*
Everybody was pleased, and many
expressions of approval were heard at the
splendid spirit of co-operation which the
British Columbia authorities showed. But
things are not always what they seem to
be in this world.   The government has
been at its wits end for some time past, as
to what to do with the unemployed this
winter.   It does not forget the outburst
last year when starving men looted stores
for food, and this year's prospect was no
better.
0      t      t      a
Indeed it was infinitely worse, and
the chance to unload some of the workless on the prairie provinces was an opportunity not to be missed. Now, from
reading the prairie press, it is plain the
municipalities there are beginning to
think they have been handed a lemon.
While the men wero working they could
not make more than was needed by them
to live on and Bend to their families, and
at the end of their labors their plight is
no better than it was before. The federal
government will either have to give some
comprehensive measure of relief or there
is likely to be a condition in the prairie
towns whereby the unemployed will relieve themselves and the store-keepers too.
THE FORD SCHEME of "profit
sharing" does not seem to strike
all its critics as the millennium
making plan which some claim it to be.
It has been good "copy" for a drove of
writers, carefully mar-
wnr msn 8halled into Peri-°nally
ca^jStohd    em*™iei    *<"»•<■  of the
™i££    soheme' F, Publi<!ity
agents   who  know most
of      the     tricks      of
their trade.   For that reason it is useful
to get a view from the actual workman's
stand point.
•      0      0      0
At the convention last week, of
the Wagon, Carriage and Automobile
Workers international union, held in New
York, W. P. Mavill, the secretary-treasurer of the organization gave out some first
hand information.   He said:
We are not fooled by those efforts
to benefit the workingmen, for they
are not on the square. The men work
three times as hard for Ford now and
really get but 35 cents an hour based
on their work before they were speeded up. Ford is working 1,000 less
men, turning out many more cars and
Belling them cheaper, and he can only
do it by working the very lives out of
the men. There are other requirements besides the six months' service.
A man has to show his grocery bills,
the number in his family, all his
trade accounts, and they figure down
so fine they can tell whether this nationality or that religion in a man is
of the most worth to the concern.
Not 50 per cent, get the $5. Less
than one-third speak English. Henry
Ford has not lifted the working
people out of the mud, as some suppose. He has reduced them.
The boasted minimum wage of five
dollars a day does not begin to be compensation for the humiliating position in
which men who are subjected to that kind
of thing are placed.
• •      •      •
This Bocalled profit sharing is a subtle and carefully conceived plan for
breaking that common bond of fellowship
and interest whieh the labor movement
has bred1 among the workers. It appears
to offer a direct monetary and economic
advantage to the individual worker, while
actually it is only a method of stimulating and organizing his highest powers of
production for the benefit of his employer
by making a cunning appeal to that element of cupidity and selfishness which is
present to a greater or less degree in all
men.
0 0*0
It operates much in the same fashion
as a bunch of luscious carrots continually
held two feet above and two feet in front
of a donkey's nose. It keeps his head
well up in the air so that he cannot see
what is really going on around him—but
he never gets the carrots. It puts the
"speeding up" medium inside the worker as well as outside. He "rushes" and
"drives" himself in order that he may
produce more value for his employer out
of which he receives a very minor portion—not enough in fact to repair the excess wear and tear on his constitution
whereby he is bringing himself to his employer's "too old at forty" scrapheap.
• •00
The system not only makes each
worker drive himself, but it also makes
him anxious to drive his neighbor, and
destroys that atmosphere of comradeship
which trade-unionism has built up. It
makes worker spy on worker lest the portion of Lazarus should be less. The workers might with advantage become interested in profit-sharing — they have been
engaged in it a long time but not interested. All the profit which has ever been
made has been produced by the mental
and physical labor of the workers, and
they have shared those profits with their
capitalist masters on the basis of ten
tenths to them in return for wages enough
to reproduce their daily stupidity.
»      •      0      •
Profit is the difference between the
value pf labor, and the value of 'the product of labor. The product of labor is
produced by labor but belongs to the
capitalist, because labor is content with
the ten-tenths ratio of profit-sharing.
Wages are that part of the value of the
product of labor which must be appropriated for the reproduction of labor, so
that labor may continue to produce value
in excess of what it receives for its folly.
• 0*0
This "profit-sharing" is only another
of the red herrings whioh are continually
being passed under the nose of the worker
to lead him away from habits of thought
which might prove inimical to the economic interests of his employer. It is not
quite so "sniffy" as some but infinitely
more rotten and insidious in effect. Perhaps, when the workers have sampled all
the quack devices and nostrums which
the charlatan economists of capitalism
can invent they will seriously set to work
to discover for themselves how and by
whom profits are really made. Meantime
it will be wise to remember that "profit-
sharing" is a present to the workers
from the capitalist.
If the Congress could only meet inside the federal parliament house instead
of outside, then there would be doin's.
It's very nice to know that "our"
wheat crop this year is such a heavy one,
and so much bigger than ever before.
Wonder if anybody will be hungry in
Canada this winter.
Those sour grapes fellows who tell
you that attending a convention of the
Trades Congress is a junketing trip, ought
to get put on the resolutions committee.
One trip would be enough.
The reason for great fortunes is that
land and special privilege have been given
to schemers, and the profit system haB
been used to increase that which came
through fraud and theft.
THE WORLD SAVS Prohibition is
"the leading issue before this province."   There are thousands of
men unemployed, and thousands of women and1 children in want by reason of
that.     If   to-morrow   it
_.™_ „»_     were  absolutely  imposs-
2^i^2       iW« to purchase alcoholic
SSU^L,   IMor of any kind in Brit-
0IMTOATI0N'  ish Columbia, would that
fact make a scrap of difference to the plight of the unemployed
and their families?
0000
Would it increase the number of jobs
available for those whose lot in life condemns them to starvation unless they can
get a job? If there is a "leading issue
before this province" it is the question of
how to feed, clothe and house a very large
section of population which at the present moment is destitute, with winter confronting them into the bargain. Why
does not the "World" take up their case
if it is so dead anxious to do something
real to improve social conditions in British Columbia.
From east to west, eaoh of the best,
they will be there.
Plans to prevent some people drinking moderately, do not interest us as much
as plans to enable all people to eat regularly.
There are indications that some of the
belligerents are willing to consider negotiations for pieces.
The reason for poverty is that the
worker is robbed and industry is conducted on a tremendously wasteful basis.
There is enough known and demonstrated
about industry right now, if applied, to
absolutely banish poverty from the worid.
It is called to our attention that Mr.
J. H. Tonkin who, along with Mr. T. Graham, is being prosecuted by the provincial
government, is general manager of the
Pacific Coast Coal Mines, limited, and not
of the Western Fuel company, as stated
in our issue of last week.
Some rich people in England who are
foremost in advising the poor to exeroise
every economy during war time, are
much exercised over the fact that, owing
to a shortage of the right kind of casks,
champagne will be pink this year instead
of its usual color—whatever that is.
The first session of the British Columbia university will open Sept. 27th. All
male students will be required to undergo
military training for two sessions. As the
war is to be the last war, it is not expected they will ever need to practically apply the lessons they learn.
The labor party of Australia has recommended to the labor government in
control of the commonwealth parliament
that the land tax on large estates be doubled. Last year the income from this
source was $7,500,000, and it is desired
that the amount be raised to $15,000,000.
The daily press has discovered many
different kinds of socialism since the war
started, in fact quite a number of varieties
never suspected by socialists to be in existence. But it has remained for Vancouver "Sun" to uncork the very latest
variety known as "monarchical socialism." Ye Gods! There'll be some cleaning up needed.
Henry Ford's peace propaganda is
the more notable because he is one of the
greatest makers of war munitions in the
world. He would not make guns at any
price, but for modern warfare motor cars
are as indispensable as guns, and the
country which can make them most cheaply and in the hugest quantities enjoys a
great advantage,
Peter Fisher, formerly a member of
Victoria Longshoremen's union, died suddenly last week. The cause of his death
was heart disease. Those who have attended the conventions of the B. C. Federation of Labor, will rememner him as a
strenuously earnest debater, and full of
humor whieh has many a time "brought
down the house." We deeply regret his
decease. He was still a young man, and
endowed with qualities which the labor
movement of the province ean ill afford
to spare.
In our exchanges this week we have
received a copy of the Labor Leader from
England. It is still being published despite the police raid on its offices a few
weeks ago. From all appearances that
incident has, up to now, resulted in a
very appreciable increase in circulation,
and in calling public attention to the fact
that big newspaper barons like Lord
Northcliffe—erstwhile Alfred Harms-
worth—can say pretty nearly anything
they like about the war but less influential
publications do not enjoy that immunity.
Vancouver "Sun," in a notable outburst of editorial candor says:
The fact that a quarter of the exceedingly small population of Canada
are either out of a job or working for
such small wages that life for them is
a great struggle would suggest, to a
stranger unacquainted with the truth
about this country, that Canada was
a barren waste without fertility.
Just so. But the poor stranger would
not know how the country had been exploited by Liberal and Conservative governments and their friends for the Lord
only knows how many years.
The Conservative party says it wants
the question of prohibition to be decided
by a plebiscite of the people. The Liberal
party says it wants the question of prohibition to be decided by a plebiscite of the
people, There is no difference between
them. They both want to see which way
the oat is going to'jump before they can
make up their minds what their own political convictions on the subject are. In
other words, whichever of the two—prohibition, or anti-prohibition— seems
most likely to return either of them to
ofllce, that they will profess as their political faith. To both of them, politics are
a joke, To the working class, they are
bread and meat and sustenance,
Westminster
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
J. J. JONES,
Man. Director
J. A. RENNIE,
Sec.-Treaa.
ACTS AS ASSIGNEES,
LIQUIDATORS AND
RECEIVERS
INSURANCE IN ALL
ITS BRANCHES
Houses, Bungalows, Stores
and modern suites for rent
at a big reduction.
Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at
$2.50 up.  Wills drawn up free of
charge.
Deposits accepted and interest at
Four por cent allowed on dally
balances.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AHD LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
first and third Thursday., Executive
1 board; James H. McVety, president; it. P.
Pettipiece, vice-president; Qeorge Bartley,
general secretary, 210 Labor Temple; Miss
H. Outterldge, treasurer; Fred. A. Hoover,
statistician; sergeant-at-arms, John Bally; A.
J. Crawford, Fred. Knowles, F. W. Welsh,
trustees.
ALLIED   PRINTING   TRADES    COUNCIL,—Meeta  second  Monday  ln  th*
month.   Preaident, H. J, Bothel; aeeretary,
K. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL No. 676.-OF-
flee, Room 208 Labor Temple. Meet*
drat Sunday of eaoh month. Preaident.
Jamea Campbell; finanoial secretary, H.
Devil, Box 434, phone Sey. 4759; recording
secretary, Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main
■treet.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS'. NO. 1
—Meete every let and Srd Tuesday,
8 p.m., Room 307. President, James
Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. 6*
Dagnall, Box 58; financial aeeretary, B.
R. Brown; business agent, W. S. Dag*
nail, Room 215.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKEB8
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers,
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 184—
Meeta first snd third Mondaya, 8 p. m.
President, A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth are*
nue west; aeoretary, A. Fraaer, 1151 Howe
atreet.
COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES
Union—Meeta flrat Friday ln eaeh
month, 8:80 p. m,, Labor Temple. A, Ore*
ham, business representative. Offlee; Room *
806, Labor Temple. Houra: 8:80 a. m. to
10; 2 to fi p. m. Competent help furnished !
on abort notice.   Phone Seymour 8414.
DISTRICT    OOUNOIL   Of   CARPENTERS
meeta in room 80S, Labor Temple, aee*
oad aad fourth Thursday ef eaeh month, ■ |
S, m.   President, Q, H. Hardy: seeretsry,
. L. Barratt i treasurer, W. T. Taylor.   Local No. SIT meeta   flrat   aad   third   Monday ef each month, and Loesl 8647 meets
flrat and third Tuesday of eaeh moath.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 818 '
—Meeta room 801, Labor Temple, every
Monday, 8 p. m.    President, Sam. Cawker,
657 Templeton Drive;  recording secretary  I
H. Hogsn, Labor Temple; flnsnclsl secretary j
and business agent, E. H. Morrison, Room
807, Labor Temple.
HODCARRIERS' BUILDING AND COMMON j
Laborers' union. No, 66—Meeta first nnd 1
third Friday of each month, Labor Temple.
President, E. 0. Appleby, 1419 PendrUl St.; ,
seeretsry, George Harrison; buslneas agent,
John Sully, room 336, Labor Temple.    All J
laborera Invited to meeting.
MACHINISTS,  NO.  183—MEETS  SECOND I
and fourth Fridays at 8 p. m. Preaident, I
J. Mclvor; recording aeeretary, J, Brookes; f
flnanclal secretary, J. H. McVety.
PLASTERERS'     OPERATIVE    INTERNA- ,
TIONAL    ASSOCIATION,   No.   69   — '
Meeta every flrst and third Wednesday In the
month In room 801, Labor Temple.    President, A. Hurry; vice-president, A. Berentaen;   i
corresponding seeretsry, joe Cornish,  1809 4
Eleventh avenue   east;   flnanclal   aeeretary,
Qeorge Montgomery; treaaurer, Harold Reld.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OET
NORTH AMERICA.—Vancouver and
vicinity, Branch meeta let and 3rd Fridays at Labor Temple, room SOS. H. Night*
assies, president, 376 Fifty-sixth avenue
east; Jos. G. Lyon, flnanclal secretary, 1781
Grsnt street; J. Campbell, recording see*
retary, 4669 Argyle atreet.
STBEET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY NM*
PLOniB, Pioneer Division, No. 101—
Meeta Lsbor Temple, seeond and fourth Wednesdaya at 3:80 and 8 p. m. President, Jos.
Hubble; reeordlng seeretsry, Jas. E. Oriffla;
166, Twenty-flfth avenue esst; flnsnclsl sec
retary and business agent, Fred. A, Hoover,
3409 Clark Drive.
et-Mvw  viwa   utiTO,	
, JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
I        AMERICA,   Local   No.   178—Meetinga
I held flrst Tuesday ln each month, 8 p. m.
President, R. Beamish; vice-president, Miss
H. Gutteridge; reeordlng seeretsry, C. McDonald, Box 608; flnanclal seeretsry, K.
Paterson, P. 0. Box 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL    UNION,     NO.     336—
Meeta laat Sunday of eseh month at 8
p.m.   President, R. Farm. Pettlplece;  vice-
£ resident, W. 8. Metsger; secretary-treasurer
1. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
PBOVINOIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION Or LABOR—Meet,
In sonusl eonvention In Janusry. Eieo*
utlre officer,, 1,19*10: President, A. Welch*
msn; vlee-presldenta—Vsncouver, W. P.
Sunn, J. H. McVety; VIctorie.B. Simmons;
New Westmlnater, W. Yetea; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Denning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; Dls*
trlct 98, V. If. W. ot A. (Vsncouver Iiland),
S. Outhrle; Dl.trlct 18, U. II. W. of A.
(Crow's Neat Valley), A. J. Carter; score,
tsrytreaaurer, A. 8. Wella, P. 0. boi 1886,
Vlctoris, B. 0.
j/iotohia,
* c.
VICTORIA TRADES AMD LABOR CODS-
OIL— MeeU list snd third WodnMday,
Lsbor hsll,  1421  Oovernment street,  st 8
6 m.   President, A. 8. Well,; secretary, T.
oldrldw, Boi 808, Vlctoris, B. 0.
OBOAljIjlD LABOB COMPAKma.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LIMITED—
Director,: Js>. Brown, preaident; R. P.
Pettlplece, vice.preeident; Edward Lothian.
Jsmca Campbell, J. W. Wllklnaon. Oeo. Wllby, W. J. Nsgle, P. Blumberg, H. H. Free.
Managing director snd secretary-treasurer, J.
H. MoVety, room 211, Labor Tempi,.
B. 0. PEDERATIONIST, LIMITED-MeeU
st call ol president, Labor Temple. Van*
**"!}• ?' O*   Mweton:   Jame. fismpbell,
sa:ns&87v.lubo*Ten""-* **■
AQQUE!
aaa FBIDAJ SEPTEMBEB 17, 1015
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
Union Men, see that the flour used in your home is
"Canada's Best Flour"
OGILVIE'S
Royal Household Flour
A Canadian company employing Canadian labor, us-
" ing Canadian wheat, paying freight on Canadian
railways only. If you are a loyal union man this
must appeal to you. Ask your wife to write us for a
free Cook Book. We will be pleased to mail one by
return.
The Ogilvie Flour Mills Co.
Limited
314 Dominion Building, Vancouver, B. C.
STAR
LAUNDRY
Phone Seymour 2800 1115 Richards Street
VANCOUVER, B. C.
SEND A COPY TO YOUR FRIENDS
TR British Columbian
In New Westminster since 1860; is a reliable
guide to events in the city and province.
Ask for the Weekly and mail it   Your friend will
appreciate the attention.
"IT'S ALL OOMTOBT'
W. D. WOOD, Manager
The Woods Hotel
LIMITED
Vancouver, B. C.
Corner HASTINGS and CARRALL STS.
IN CRNTRE OF ALL BUSINESS.
HEADQUARTERS for BUSINESS MEN
American Flan, 12.60 and $3.00.  European Plan, $1.00 Vp
STRICTLY MODERN AND FIBBT-OLASB
PHONE SEYMOUR 581
Hot and Cold Water in Erery Boom.  Hot Water Heating
UTe Carlton Hotel
Under New Management
RED. YO.NO and OEO. OOUOH
Proprietors
jt
OOR. CAMBIE and CORDOVA STS.
VANCOUVER, B. O.
Centrally Located
Thoroughly Modern
PHONE SEYMOUR 2087
Grand Union Hotel
Under New Management
EUROPEAN   PLAN
HANAPIN 4 LUCAS,
Proprietors
32 Hastings Stnet Wast,
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
HOTEL MAIN
Cor. MAIN ST. and GEORGIA ST. EAST
Exchange  Telephone:   Sermour  1S71
Plrat-olaaa Osfe and Buffet
ln connection
Transient Betas:.  (1.00 psr Ssy °P
Special Weekly Bates
Hotel Canada
III RICHARDS STBBBT
Vancouver. B. 0.
Phone conneotlon snd Hot snd Cold
Water  In  every  Room
Steam Hested
EUBOPEAK PLAN
Free 'Bus meeta sll hosts snd train,
T. B. HYNDMAN,     J. A. HYNDMAN
Proprietor Manaser
Phone Soymonr 7930
GRANVILLE
PALACE
BOLLINS BROS. Props.
1221 GRANVILLE STREET
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
ALLAN STUDHOLME, M. L. A.
The veteran labor member for Hamilton In
the Ontario Leglwatlve Assembly.
Trades and Labor Congress
(Continued from Page Two)
■Delations seeking to hamper and disrupt oar
movement, an unusual amount ot work was
placed on the executive committee in meet'
ing this opposition," said Preaident Flett
This year parliament enacted very little
labor legislation of a substantial character,
and the necessity of more labor M's P. was
never more manifest.
Immediate abolition of the senate was
urged by congress.
Poll tax on Chinese increased from |100
to $500 by parliament.
Parliament passed an aet to build a transcontinental railway and lease It to a private
corporation. The government refused tc
adopt an amendment of A. Puttee, lubor M.
P., that It should operate and control this
railway in the public Interest.
Chief Justice Hunter of B. C. and Dr. Elliott S. Rowe (Vancouver) were appointed a
royal commission. After full enquiry Into
numerous disputes between coal and metalliferous mine owners and workmen, and between transportation companies and their
employees, the report drew a sharp line of
distinction between "the legitimate trade
union and 'a olass of so-called union whloh
Is not really a trade union at all, but a secret political organ i aat ion.' To tbe latter
class are assigned tbe American Labor Union, the 'Western Federation of Miners, and
the United Brotherhood .of Railway Em*
ployeos, which are in confederation with each
other and whose leaders were engaged in a
conspiracy to sweep all the employees of the
C. P. R. Into the tf. B. of R. E., and all coal
miners into the W. F, or M., with a view of
being able to stop all transportation and a1!
mining whenever it might appear expedient."
In July, 1902, the executive council of the
A F. of L. refused to grant a charter to the
U. B. of R. E.
The A. F. of L. made It a qualification of
issuing charters to trades and labor councils
in Canada that (hey will affiliate with the T.
and L. congress.
The Vancouver Trades and Labor council
was now opposed to the congress and strongly supported the U. B. of R, E. in its contentions.
Congress protested against the action of
immigration agents In the British tales who
misrepresented labor conditions in Canada.
Congress In favor of Independent labor candidates in both parliamentary and municipal elections.
Resolution adopted by T. and L, congresB
endorsing the action of the  British Trades
congress   in   its  condemnation  of  the  fiscal
policy of Hon, Joseph Chamberlain, M. P,
*     *     *
1 QO--L ^e twentieth annual session
<*****> vwTT opened at Montreal, September 19. Seventeen tradea and labor councils sent 82 delegates, 64 local unions 97,
and one A. F, of L. fraternal delegate—total
130 delegates.
At the opening meeting addresses were
delivered by A. Verville, president of Montreal T. and L. counoll; Mayor Laporte; John
H. Richards,, A. F. of L. fraternal delegate;
James B. Mack, vice-president of the congress, and Chas, March, vice-president of International Brotherhood of Palntera and Decorators.
It was held by congress tbat the people
should own the O. T. P. railroad.
Government was censured for not passing
the Union Label and Alien Labor bills, as
well aa for its immigration policy.
Congress recommended that secretaries of
unions give full Information regarding trade
affairs to the correspondents of the Labor Oasette.
The report of the B. C. exeoutlve stated
that "it was a question of prudence to cooperate with the old parties wher.* constituencies cannot elect straight labor candidates."    Congress opposed to thiB scheme.
B. C. legislature enacted a law making
eight hours a legal day's work in coal mines.
Reference was made to the loss of a case
in the courts under the Alien Labor law, and
also to a verdict for $12,500 damages against
the Rossland Miners' union.
Hon. Messrs. Weir nnd McCorkill stated
that next year Montreal would have its free
school and compulsory education, but for
Protestant children only.
Congress appointed a committee of five
to meet the Canadian Manufacturers' association at the city of Toronto.
Following resolutions were pass-d: (1)
All government work be performed by day
labor; (2) in favor of Women's Union Label
leagues; (3) in favor of having members of
trade unions abstain from use of intoxicating
liquor on Labor-day; (4) In favor of bringing out labor candidates wherever practicable; (5) In favor of an arbitration treaty
between Canada and the United States; (6)
disapproving of holding caucuses for the purpose of selecting officers of the congress or
any other purpose; (7) in favor of tbe abolition of property qualification In public office.
John A. Flett (retiring president), of
Hamilton, Ont., eleoted fraternal delegate to
the A. F. of L. convention.
1 Qfl**^ Cougn" held Its twenty-
*-*****• vviv first session ln Labor Temple,
at Toronto, Ont., September 18-23 Inclusive,
President Robert Hungerford of District Labor council welcomed the delegates in a
felloitlous and warmly-worded address.    Act-
penditnre of public money on anna ud armament. "The voice of united labor from all
lands should go op against war and all its
causes," he aald. This wu the last time
Prof. Smith spoke to worklngman.
Other speakers: Ralph Smith, M. P.,
former preaident of the congreu for five
yeara; Frank Feeney, Philadelphia, Pa.; Mr.
Cummerford, St. Paul; John Tofaln, Boston;
W. N. Merrick. Chicago; E. H. Randall, Toronto; P. J. Downey, Albany; A. B. Lowe,
Kingston.
Of the 140 delegates present, following
were from western Canada: Winnipeg—J.
0. Gruaiek, E. J. Reynolds, L. J. Walker;
Victoria—J. D. MoNlven, M. P. P., Arngrim
Johnson,
Report from Prince Edward Island stated
tbat owing to the lack ot organisation
among mechanics tbeir wage rate waa no
higher than that of laborers.
New Brunswick urged that the annual
sessions ahould be held ln eaeh province In
turn.
W. D. Mahon (Detroit, Mich.) president
Delegate Hugh Stevenson (Toronto) referred to the eight-hour fight of the International Typographical union In several cities
in tbe United States, and read telegrams
from headuarters announcing several important victories, which were received with loud
acclaim.
Congress endorsed British Trades unionists in their flght against the Imperial tariff
policies of Rt. Hon. Joseph Chamberlain.
Some resolutions pused: (1) Asking the
A. F. of L. to hold its 1906 session in Canada; (2) against the use of side steps on
street cars; (8) asking that letter-carriers
be paid for lost time through sickness or
accident; (4) that all tenants vote on all
money by-laws; (6) In favor of legislatures
incorporating sanitary Regulations for cities
of 16,000 or nnder; (6) In favor of uniform
free school text books in the various provinces; (7) in favor of giving support to
labor papers; (8) ln favor of technical
schools; (9) against tne incorporation of
trades unions; (10) that local legislatures
establish employment bureaux.
Three hundred and seventy-eight unions,
with a combined membership of 22,004, were
affiliated with the congress.
1906
_jgP___-\6A
J. W. DB B. FARRIS
Legal   Adviser   ot   Vancouver   Tradea   and
Labor Connell.
Congress held Its twenty-
second annual eonvention at
Victoria, B. C, September 17-22 inclusive.
Addresses of welcome were made by Preaident G. F. Gray, of the local Tradea and Labor council; Premier McBride; Hon. Wm.
Templeman; F. A, Pauline, vice-president of
the Board of Trade; 0. 0. Young, fraternal
delegate, Olympia, Wash.; Mayor A. J. Mor-
ley. Alphonse VervilN, M. P., Montreal,
president of the congress, replied. Ninety-
two delegates were present, of whom 25 represented 12 trades and labor councils, 66
represented 00 unions, and one fraternal
delegate were present. Number of unions,
446; membership, 27,667.
Congress dealt with 81 resolutions, some
of them being: (1) Joseph Alney (Montreal)
endorsed as labor candidate for house of
commons; (2) expressing sympathy of Iron
moulders of London and Toronto who were
on strike; (8) in favor of workmen's compensation acts; (4) asking tbat all extension of armaments cease and the military
forces be gradually disbanded, and International arbitration substituted; (5) against
Immigration schemes of benevolent promoters in the British isles; (6) against ap-
fointment of Hon, James Dunsmuir to the
leu tenant-governorship of B. C; (7) commending the action of Alf Jury re Investigation of Canadian commissioner of emigration
in Great Britain; (8) expressing confidence
ln W. D. Haywood, Chas. H. Moyer and J.
Pettibone, officers of Western Federation of
Miners; (9) wages paid weekly and ln currency.
Deputation of Vancouver Allied Printing
TradeB council urged that school books
should be printed and sold by the government of the province at cost.
J. ftlllott, president federal unton of Dun-
cane, B. 0., only Indian delegate present, addressed tbe congress. Resolved—"That favorable consideration should be given to the
claims of these Indians to the right of ex-
erclnlng the franchise."
T. A. Rlckert (New Tork), A. F. of L.
delegate, presented greetings from 2,500,000
organised workers.
Tha platform of the "Socialist Party of
Canada ' was defeated by a vote of 21 in
favor to 49 against.
"Canadian Labor Party of Quebec" was
endorsed on a vote of 68 to 7.
False representations to .workmen of
Great Britain about Canada condemned.
Congress expressed by resolution Its regret at the retirement cf Sir Wm. Mulock,
first minister of labor, from active service.
In reference to Japanese and Hindu immigration, committee recommended the
passage of a law similar to the Natal aot.
Adopted,
The condition of organised labor in New
Brunswick was not good, though it was reported very satisfactory In British Columbia.
The presence ofi the militia on the streets
of Wnnipeg in connection with the strike of
street railway employees was condemned.
1907
The twenty-third annual convention opened at Winnipeg, Monday, September 16, In the uaembly
hall of the provincial legislature. Delegates
present, 149—29 representing 16 trades and
labor councils, and 118 from 89 unions.
Membership directly affiliated 32,997; unions, 615.    In addition, 42 trades and labor
Dr.  Smith made an eloquent attack upon      ?.]
war, advising labor men to oppose (he ex-
ing Mayor J. J. Ward (delegate to congress I™ Wni ii in Ch™'er? fKm .the oon»""*
in 1886-87-88) spoke on behalf of the citlsens £'V£fU» *"' ' membw,hlP °' approximate-
of Toronto.   Aid. J. J. Graham followed suit. \V "0'0,00;. .       .:        _   ' ■     .
Professor Goldwln Smith received a stand- *m,on«K »°" who addressed he delegates
Ing ovation. "I am pleased to be here for fc .t,J^ I?* "i K*cKim' J?re!,idenf W!*
old times' sake," he said. ". . .. Mr. BenghI?"d/!(f"difcbupJT?,0"- P?S fr F" P-
John Burns, M. P., noted two labor badges j5°WH A£"P* Mayor Davidson of Winnipeg;
on my walls in my home and, asked were IST'Jt,,Jr00??* >*"""_. ?"M1" de'-V**"
they mine. 'To be sure they are,' I an- i&V& "A B-C. Owen, Edmonton, Alta.,
swered. I was connected all tne time I wasl^;"8 Tof /*" ?*nnad 8n 4"'^ Equityi
In England with the political party which'?h T. 1 j? ' C, lcwc; _\- deIef*B «
was doing most for the cause of libor. I i $'£"£1" JSde^tlon„ °' **»-»*?'» *«- .J"
have never lost an opportunity of promoting, riJCTK, ■M.JaT' tf' R°oh"Ifr- of the
the election to parliament of a labor enrtf }*&,■ Jfti.SW^wi Hamilton Wlgle.
date. . . . Arbitration by law, I am ££fff. delegate of the Winnipeg Ministerial
afraid, has failed.    ...    It started well, ■HSSSS  ... a   ..*,. .  .   a ,   , o.
but it bu failed. The reason. I think, Is .JS™" £*&!__._, *"•' tr*de« •nd W*»
that you cannot enforce the awards of the SJJl/Si.-li?'*."■. f eW" ""mbl1l"
arbitrators. . . . Everyone has his own H™™_5 "ffiSft *ni ty _*&• them the
idea of a cure for social ills. Mine is that TOJS* ™j__*_\ S' M*»n'«* labor,
in deciding a strike a ballot should be taken th.^E",*°A?d ,dow,f! » ""lution to repeal
and that married men should have two ?* °BI*,"8flJVthel, k^," Di' •*"**- Prohibiting
votes" tne •,*™ °* hooks and newspapers on Sun-
Chinese and Japanese riots In Vancouver,
B. 0., September 6. Congress condemned in
unmeasured terms these disturbances and the
parties responsible for them as being unworthy of Anglo-Saxon people. These attacks on the Orientals were not made by
trades unionists, led by foreign agitator.,
was the contention,
1 Congress appointed W. R. Trotter labor
agent for Great Britain.
I After 16 delegates had spoken, congress
; by a votB of 51 to 89 voted down a resolution to the effect "that it (congress) stands
for absolute independent political action on
the part of the working class, with tho collective ownership of tho means of life as its
ultimate aim.    .    ,    ,"
i A special committeo drafted a telegram ro
'Japanese immigration, which wu aent tn
Premier Laurler, who replied thereto. Full
text of telegrams In Mr. Draper's sketch of
congress printed elsewhere in this issue.)
I Congrnss declared against bonuses being
paid on immigrants sent to Canada, and d-
;nounced the influx of Hindus, Chinese and
Japanese Into Canada.
; Industrial Disputes Investigation aot discussed by about 25 delegates. Congreas approved of the principal of the act by a vote
of 81 to 19. Other resolutions re separate
clauses dealt with.
I Congress protested against private detective agencies.
Congress approved the bill of F. D. Monk.
M. P., respecting Industrial and co-operative
societies.
I Congress passed a resolution favoring the
establishment of a separate portfolio for the
■ minister of labor.
I Congress endowed a room In the Sick
Children's hospital, Toronto, as a suitable
memorial   to  the   late   D.   J.   O'Domighii"
ern Canada; Allan Studholme, M. P. P., for
Ontario, and A. Verville, M. P., for Quebec
and maritime provinces.
Some 70 resolutions were submitted by
the delegates.
At Toronto (March 29) the Independent
labor party of Ontario was launched.
The Winnipeg branch ot tne Canadian labor party wu formed October 16, 1906.
In Regina and Moose Jaw much progress
was reported in organising the various
crafts.
W. R. Trotter elected fraternal delegate to
the A. F. of L.
B. C. executive elected.—J. C. Watters
and C. Siverts, Victoria; 8. Kernighan and
A. G. Perry( Vancouver.
* #    *
1 QAQ Twenty-fourth annual con-
******** VwO ventlon of congress assembled
In legislative chamber, Halifax, N. 8., September 21-25 inclusive.
President Robert Scott of the Halifax T.
and L. council, said that "the outlook for
tradeB unionism was never better, . . and
as a political power Halifax wu yet fn lta
infancy, but was feeling its war io the light."
J. Kler Hardle, British M. P., aald he was
not present as a delegate, bnt In the capacity
of a wandering agitator.
Ninety-three delegates were present—one
from the A. F. of L., 35 from 19 trades and
labor councils, 56 from 46 local unions.
Tho Halifax convention was one of great
and inspiring significance, being the lut link
necessary to weld the organised working peo-
file of Canada Into one solid body, working
n perfect harmony for the elevation of the
toilers from Victoria, B. v., in the far west,
to Sydney, 0. B., In the extreme eut.—Report of Executive.
Re Free School Books.—Dr. H. E. Toung,
minister of education for B. C, writing
(March 20th)  to Harry Cowan,  Vancouver,
B. C, said: ". . . The department have
finally formulated a scheme by which blank
booka, copy books, readers ana arithmetics
are to be furnished free to the schools of
British Columbia.    .    ."
Oriental Immigration was atlll an unsolved
problem in B. C.
"A feature of the year was the effect of
the large influx of immigrants upon the conditions surrounding the toilers of Canada."
W. R. Trotter was the congress representative in Great Britain to post the public regarding the views of Canadian organised labor on the question of Immigration. He sailed
again for England on October 16.
The Salvation Army was fiercely scored for
bringing more hungry Immigrants to Canada.
Special Committee on Immigration.—W.
Olockling, Toronto; Alex. Champion and Eire
H. Taylor, Moncton; P. Patterson, Fernie
R. P. Pettipiece, Vancouver.
Unions in affiliation wtth congress, 628
membership, 40.728.
Vice-president James Simpson, as special
envoy to the Norfolk (Va.) convention of the
A. F, of L., reported that his "work wm particularly among officers of International unions whose Canadian membership were not affiliated with the congress."
Dominion parliament held Us longest session In history—began November 28, 1907',
and ended March 20, 1908, Many matters of
every-day concern to work people were partly discussed, and "became marooned on the
order paper." The Election act was discussed for three months.
Hugh Fra.ne (Philadelphia), A. F. of L.
fraternal delegate, made a stirring address.
He was for the expulsion of Asiatics. The
relation of the "white plague" to hygienic
conditions for workers was well set forth hy
him.
Rev. Dr. Shearer, B. A., D. D., moral reformer, was heartily welcomed, and spoke at
length.
More vigorous and thorough "propaganda
work" among the farmera of the Northwest
was urged by Organiisr Pettlpl<-c». Their
"colossal Ignorance" of the labor problem
astonished him.
Organiser Trotter spent four months in the
maritime provinces organising unions.
Delegate Stoney (New Westminster) urged
congress to upend more money on trades and
labor councils and less on organisers.
About 50 resolutions on various subjects
were dealt with by congress.
Western Delegates.—From Winnipeg—W.
J, Bartlett. W, N. Goodwin. Tt. 8. Ward. T. F.
Bobbins, W. R. Trotter, S. W. McKinnon;
Vancouver—R. p. Pettipiece; New Westmln-
—R. A. Stoney; Victoria—W. H. Gibson, Christian Siverts.
* *    *
1 mwXafmW ty-flfth annual session of congress, September 20-24 inclusive, held ln the
legislative building. There were 124 delegates present, of which 34 represented 22
trades and labor councils and 90 were from
70 trades unions.
B. C. executive report favored publlo ownership of coal mines, telephones, canneries,
etc. Asiatics Interfered less with breadwinners obtaining a living than In any other
year since immigration from Asia commenced,
Labor movement of Alberta was very unsettled.
The laborers won their strike for higher
wages on the legislative buildings ln course
of erection at Reglna, (task. Wages Increased from 17'A tu 22% centa an hour.
Quebec reported progress in the labor
movement and also urged the appointment nf
organiierrs who could speak both English
and French.
The work of the lasi session of the federal parliament, so far as labor le gin] at Inn
went, was satisfactory, -o reported John 0.
O'Donnghue. solicitor. Witness: (1) The
creation of a separate portfolio of labor with
a responsible minister In cnarge; (2) the defeat of the bill to outlaw officers of International unions; (8) an increase in pay of
letter-carriers, amounting to about $150.
W. R. Trotter, agent of congress In Great
Britain, recommended that all immigration
literature be censored by the government,
and the date of publication of same be
stamped thereon.
Among those who delivered addresses
were:    Jerome Jones, Atlanta, Oa., A. F. of
(Continued on Page Six)
B. H. NEELANDS
Secretary-treasurer Vancouver Typographical "father of the congress,
vancouvtr. wer(1 sni,m|tted by W. R. Trotter, for weit-
MISS  HELENA   OUTTERIDOE
Secretary-treasurer Vancouver Trades and
Labor council and delegate from that
body.
High Cost of Living Reduced
We Must Economize
Twwrty ptr ctnt of yonr grocery and pro virion bills can go to
your savings account when yon buy here. Ton My how ean thu bo
done! I flnd by being able to boy ia largo qnantitiea from tho pro*
due era and packera, I can do away with tho wholesale aad commiuion
men's profit, whieh you are entitled to. Ton will plainly •» by cheeking my lilt that there ia a clear saving of 90%. I guarantee all goodi
and cheerfully refund any money or replace goods not satisfactory.
Reg. Price.   Our Price
Five Roses, Purity, Robin Hood, 49& tacks     $2,00 fl.05
Snow Drift. 40-D aaok ,      $1,75 1.40
Purity, 7-ft  sack   , 85 .$0
B. k K. Oata, National        .45 .SS
B, * K. Superior Oata SB .10
Robin flood Oata $5 j|
Roman Meal          so 1ft
B. ft K. Wheat Flakes         ._& JO
Kootenay Jam. 6'a 75 ,55
C. h B., and Empress Jam, l's as .80
Moluses..... 10 ,Q8M
Pure Cane Syrup, 5*§ 10 M
Pure Cane Syrup, 8'a uu ,10
Lemons                 an nit
Seeded Raisins                 1914 'SJ
St. Charles, B. G. and Buttercup Milk 10 .OS 1-8
Royal Crown Oatmeal Soap, 8 cak t 25 10
Royal Crown Oatmeal Soap, 9 cakes 35 %_
Royal Crown Washing Powder as aa
Rlckett's Blue, oft .04 1-0
Feb Naptha Soap 10 bars 60 55
Sunlight Soap OS .041-«
Lard, pun, 8-Ib palls         .45 ,40
Lard, pare, 5- n> palls  75 ,70
a In 1 Shoe Polish  ; 10 .08
Stove  Polish    10 .08
Corn Starch 10 o__
Laundry Starch 10 .o«U
Monk * Glue Custard Powder as ,80
Cream of Tartar 80 IS
Eggo Baking Powder as .15
Magie Baking Powder as .18
Com, Peas and Tomatoes 10 08 1-8
Malt Vinegar is ,10
Tomato Catsup is 43U
Colman's Mustard    30 .IS
Colman's   Mustard 80 95
Si?*****-* 85 .as
Olives    ,          40 «a
Hard Wheat No. 1, 100-ft sacks         3.46 a!oo
B, A K. Scratch Food       3.45 3 00
Canadian Cheese             25 18
Good Potatoes g0 6ft
Ramsay's Sodas 35 38
Helns Pork and Beans          15 t0
Fresh Ground Coffee                 'gs as
Corn Flakes         'j0 'm-_
Grape Nuts    ,......'.*.'.!        15 13*2
Slam Rice No. 1         '05 "os2
Jap Rice, No. 1 08 ios
V?""    08 .06
£»,moiX-         .05 .041-6
King Oscar          15 1*3 y_
F.*tra Fancy Butter         .40 .88 1-8
Picnic Hams         14 eay.
Sugar Cured Hama, rolled, sliced         .80 .86
Ayrshire Roll go 30
Salt Bacon, light i« 44
Sugar Cured Bacon, back 35 .80
fancy M*ht Bacon, by th* piece, per Ib          25 21
Fanoy Slleed Bacon, per 16         .80 85
FRESH MEATS
Sirloin Steak and Route          30 22
Prime Rib Roasts   20 j8
Rump Roasts    30 jg
Legs, local lamb           27 28
Loins, local Iamb         '35 jq
Loins, roasts pork 33 jo
Best quality local fowl 21 47
S. T. WALLACE
44 Hastings St. West       Phone Seymour 784
WESTERN CANADA
POWER Company
Limited
POWER HOUSE ON
STAVE RIVER, B.C.
For power rates for all industrial purposes apply
CONTRACT DEPARTMENT,
Carter-Cotton Building,
Vancouver, B.C.
Tel. Exhange: Seymour 4770.
BACK AGAIN BOYS
McMASTER, Limited
MAKERS OF
Mac's Mogul and Buck
Brand Overalls and
Shirts
Made in Vancouver by a Vancouver industry, employing only white union labor
NONE OF YOUR MONEY GOES EAST WHEN
YOU BUY THESE BRANDS
EUHOPEAN FLAH, BOOM OKLY AMEBICAX PLAH, BOOH ABD BOABD
ate, <0o sad 7»c psr tty 11.25 ent II.BO psi tty
PHONE SET. KM
THE GRAND HOTEL
HODEBH AND UP-TO-DATE » BVBBT PABTIODUB
T. J. ROBERTS, Proprietor
BUS ABSOLUTELY FREE—BATHS FREE TO QUESTS   VANCOUVEB, 1. C. PAGE SIX
TKE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT SEPTEMBER 17, 1
EDGETT'S
The Big Grocery Store
118 HASTINGS W.
THE 0B0WD8 ABE OOMINO TO ODB STOBE TO BOT QROOEBIES, PBOITS
AND PBOVISIONS
SEPTEMBER SPECIALS
The greatest eut yet. Try an order and be convinced. Tbere never was a
time In Vancouver that you could purchase good fresh stocks of groceries and provisions at such low prices as WE are offering. WE are indeed offering wonderful
bargains.
FLOUR—49-lb. sack No. 1 Manitoba Hard Wheat Flour, no better bread flour in
tbe city, selling regularly for $2.25 per sack; our special low cut price Is only,
per sack  $1.76
STARCH
Laundry, or Corn Starch, large, lOe. packages ; extra special, 4 for 25c.
SOAP
Fels'   Naptha    (Genuine),   reg.. 75c,   for
10 bars; our special, 10 bars for. ,60c,
BAOON
Mild Cured, nice streaky, sliced or piece;
reg.  35c. lb., for 25c.
VXNBOAB
White, Wine or Malt, large quart bottles,
double strength, reg. 20c, for 10c.
JAM
5-pound Pails, Pure Fruit and Cane Sugar. Okanagan Grown, reg. 75c, for
per pail     60c
TBA
Our own Special Blend, "Victor,
English  Breakfast,    reg.   45c.
for   	
Finest
8 lbs.
11.00
Finest  Canadian   Full Cream,  reg. price
26c; onr price    20c.
Fancy Fresh gathered Eggs, reg. 40c; special, 3 dosen for  $1.00
BUTTER
Edgewood Creamery—the Finest Creamery; fresh made dally: reg. 40c; 8 lbs.
for    $1.00
PRICE, QUALITY, AND SERVICE MAKES EDGETT'S THE BIG STORE.
THROUGHOUT THE EMPIRE HAS GONE THE CALL FOR PERSONAL SAVING. MEET THE EXTRAORDINARY CONDITIONS—SAVE YOUR MONEY
NOW BY TRADING AT EDGETT'S. NO INFERIOR GOODS AT OUR STORES-
ONLY WHAT PASSES THE HIGHEST STANDARD IN GROCERIES. FRUITS.
OB PROVISIONS HANDLED—AND OUR PRICES ARE THE LOWEST*!
Conaignmenta of Fruits and Vegetables received freah daily direot from Growers
and Producers.
The reason we can sell so cheaply such high grade gooda la becanse we buy
direct. No middleman's profits. We carry big lines—have big turnover—keeping
our goods always FRESH AND CLEAN.
Rolled Oats, Corn Meal,   Whole   Wheat   Flour,   Graham Flour, regular 45e sack
for 86c
Sugar—18-lb. Sack Fine granulated Pure Cane Sugar, regular price. ..91.50'
TEA—"Victor" regular 45c. grade, highest blend, 3 lba. for   1.35
The above are our regular prices, for both, total $2.85
Extra Special Price (saving 60 cents) only $2.25
Tat Sey. 6868, connecting all departments. Standard Hall Order Department
Gooda delivered everywhere. Orders shippea aay of raatpt
WATCH THE DAILY PAPERS FOR SNAPS—See onr Store Prices
Ask for   "NABOB" Products
TEA SPICES
COFFEE ICINGS
JELLY POWDEB PUDDINGS
FLAVORING EXTRACTS BAKING POWDEB
AT YOUR GROCER
Get and use "NABOB" everytime
Jingle Pot Coal
REDUCTION in PRICE
LUMP  $6.50 NUT    $5.50
Now is the time to put in tout winters supply
FARM PRODUCTS, HAY, OATS, Etc.
McNEILL, WELCH & WILSON, Limited
Phons: Seymour 1936
Daily Launch Trips Up North Arm
Indian Blnr, WlfWun Inn and all way pelntl. Swimming, bosuns,
ludnf, etc. Maialtcent leaner?. "Costs no nun Hun sUXw in
Tlcktts snd further Information:
Harbour Shipping Co., Gore Ave. Wharf.  Sey.
The BEST in the WEST
jor the money
Hotel
St. Regis
Beautifully furnished rooms, with telephone, running hot and cold water and beds of ease, at $1.00.
Very low rates to permanent guests.
Best Meals at 50 cents.
COR. SEYMOUR AND DUNSMUIR STREETS
One block from Granville Two blocks from Hastings
European Plan, 76c to $1.00
American Plan, $1.50
HOTEL DOMINION
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
160 bright and airy rooms, famished up-to-date
Large, well-ventilated dlningroom and rotunda
Our extensive patronage proves that our
accommodation and service Ib satisfactory
PHONE SET. 981
ADTO BUS TO AND FBOM HOTEL
Phones Seymour 230, Seymour 77120 (OueBts) Hot and Cold Water
Steam Heated
RAINIER HOTEL
BATES BY DAY OB WEEK
O. McNEIL, Manager Oor. Carrall and Cordova Streeta
SUBSCRIBE TO THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Trades and Labor Congress
(Continued from Page Five)
L. fraternal delegate; Chas. L. Baine, Boston, Mass., general seoretary-treasurer Boot
and Shoe Workers' union; P. J. Jobin, ■%•
president of the congresB, Quebec; John flinr-
ters, organiier, International.Printing Pv.itn-
men'a nnion; J. Desroslers,, president Quebec
and Levis Federated TradeB,and Labor council; Sir Loraer Gouin, premier; Sir Oeorge
N. Garneau, mayor; Hon, W. ts M-irkonzie
King, minister of labor; Will Crooks, British
M. P.
The executive committee Interviewed tbe
government (January 12) and urged among
other matters (1) tbe abolition of bonuses
on immigrants; (2) the establishment of old
age pensions; (3) the appointment of a commission on technical education; and (4) opposed the proposed sale of the Intercolonial
railway.
The calling out of the militia in connection
with the strike of coal miners at Glace Bay,
N. S„ was unwarranted and their protracted
stay unjustifiable. While congress was not
an advocate nor a defender of violence, it
held that the public arm snould not be easily
invoked.
Proposed imperial labor conference in 1910
endorsed.
B. C. Executive Elected.—J. C. Watters,
Victoria; O. O. McGeer, Vanoouver; Phil
Parker, Revelstoke; J. A. Ackln, Vancouver.
Congress endorsed the aetion of the Canadian Peace association in petitioning federal
government to join with the U. S. in holding
a demonstration to commemorate a century
of peace between the two countries.
Congress urged leglmRtton to havo employment bureaux mainiatned hy cities of
7.1,000 or over, and to report to the publie
quarterly.
*    *    *
1 Q1 A OongreBH held its twenty-
■^vlv sixth annual convention, September 12-17 inclusive. Sessions of flrst
three days held ln the auditorium at, Fort
William, while tbe remaining meetinga took
place In the Finnish labor temple, Port Arthur, Ont.
Lionel Coursolle and James Booker, presidents of Trades and Labor councils of both
cities, and Mayor L. L. Peltier, Fort William,
welcomed the delegates at the opening session. Other speakers were: A. Verville,
M. P.; Allan Studholme, M. P. P.; A. W.
Puttee, ex-M. P.; Donald McNabb, ex-M. P.
P.; Mayor George Hastings of Guelph, and
John J. Manning. A. F. of L. fraternal delegate. At a subsequent meeting Mayor I. L.
Matthews of Port Arthur extended greetings.
President W. Olockling replied to the addresses of welcome and formally called the
convention to order.
There were 158 delegates present—38
from 23 trades councils, 120 from 107 trades
unions and an A. F. of L. delegate.
The groat industrial activity during past
year commented upon.
Electorate should have been given an op-
fortunity of expressing its views on a navy
or Canada.
Formation of provincial federations, with
charters from congress, was strongly recommended by congress.
Congress disapproved efforts of London.
Eng., central Immigration board to establish
labor exchanges in Canada.
G. T. R. conductors and trainmen won
their strikes, securing increase of wages from
i May 1.
! Efforts were made to establish govern-
I ment labor bureaux in Manitoba and Quebec.
Sir Wm, R, Meredith appointed by f
1 tnrio government  to draw up n now workmen's compensation act.
j    Pay-SB-you-enter street care with vestibules
and centre aisles endorsed.
t    Thirty-nine trades councils and 916 inter-
i national   trades   unions   affiliated   with   con-
' gress.
j Thousand-dollar head tax on Chinese immigrants, in lieu of total exclusion, was favored by congress.
"Tho workers of Canada respected the law
just so long as its administration is not of
the jug-handled variety." Congress con-
| demned the persecution of Deceux, miner, of
; Frank, Alta., charged with murder.
International Peace.—Instructions were
given to tho executive to communicate with
I all labor congresses and federations of the
(world to arrange an international peace conference.
| Congress favored federal legislation regarding co-operation.
Independent political action.—Congress resolved that "the best Interests of organised
labor can be conserved by recommending and
permitting provincial autonomy."
Weekly pay-day concurred In.
Members of United Mine Workers union at
Sprlngbfll, N. 8., and Lone Seamen's union
on strike.
Congress urged organised labor to support
the labor press.
Government by injunction denounced, also
the calling out of militia to quell strikes.
About 70 resolutions concurred jn hy con-
gri>BB,
B. C. executive elected.—J. C. Wattew, R.
A. Stoney, R. P. Pettipiece. H. Kempster.
R, P. Pettipiece elected fraternal delegate.
ml Twenty-seventh annua] con-
m\ vention held at Calgary, Alta.,
September 11-16 Inclusive. This was the first
time congress met in Alberta. There were
185 delegates present. W. J. Dyson, president local trades council; Mayor J. W. Mitchell; Premier A. L. Slfton;. I. S. G. Van
Wart, ex-eeriff; A. Masters, R. B. Bennett;
Frank Duffy, A. F. of L. representative, addressed the delegates, to which President W.
Olockling replied.
Best wishes extended to King George and
Queen Mary for a long and happy reign. For
the flrst time labor was officially represented
at the coronation.
Recommendations adopted: (1) That a
campaign be urged for subscriptions to the
McNamara defence fund; (2) that the executive keep up the agitation for making the immigration law effective; (8) that congress
endorse independent political action.
Committee considered tbat (1) race track
gambling was a minor issue with gambling
on the stock exchanges; (2) that in the matter of social vice, the solution is only to be
found in the ultimate social and economic
equality of the sexes. Report debated and
carried on a vote of 52 ror to 50 against.
By Delegate Midgley (Vancouver).—"Resolved—That this convention endorse the
principle of Industrial unionism." Carried
on a vote of 70 to 521
By Delegate Bancroft (Toronto).—"Resolved—That congress endorse the Idea of a
general strike of workers between countries
considering war, to prevent it, so that the
workers also may Bee the pitiful exhibition
of fighting of those capitalists who seem bo
fond of it. That this resolution be sent to
the A. F. of L., the British Trades Onion
congress, the German Federation of Labor,
nnd any other country with a federation of
lahor."    Concurred in.
Minister of Labor King reported about
2,000 workers killed every year and 10,000
permanently impaired. Congress wanted a
royal commissioner appointed to investigate
these accidents and to recommend legislation
for their prevention.
Technical education and industrial training endorsed by congress.
Executive council was Instructed to ask
for a commission to enquire into the steel
Industry in Canada.
By Delegate W. Hammond (Winnipeg).—
"Resolved—That this congress Is totally opposed to the attitude of any bndv of organised lahor making agreements with employers, in which agreement there exist*' a n'on-
sympathetic strike clause," Carried. During the discussion the building trades strike
In Vancouver was referred to. The sympathetic strike was in high favor wtth th« del-
gates. It was nlsn argued that alt such
agreements should end Bimiiltaneously.
C'in(rr*-SH opposed the boy scout movement.
Tnylnr system of so-called "scientific shop
management" condemned.
Cnngri-'B favored the establishment of
"first aid" clauses.
On motion of Del-gate G. H, Hardy (Nelson) comrrpps approved the idea of free discission of politics] issues in the union**.
CongrsB asked for the repeal of the Lemleux act.
On motion of Delegate J. W. Wilkinson
(Vancouver) conitress instructed its erect-
tive to flnnaldM- th% posslbillti-v of ertabliih-
ing a labor cn]]«ge in Canada, and report
at next convention.
Report of R Pann. Pettlni-c, frafrnal
delegate to A. F, of L„ at St. Louis. Mo.,
reived.   He wbb disappointed with the con-
v2,",'|nn I,"0,f' MI tmnA ttlftt my P°"tlcal
B*«Mat(nn had tir-crtc-l m*\ and it wss tnnst
dlflcult to start a thaw, with th« old-partv
mfrigerator worklntf on low gea»-," h» estd,
There w»r<- 387 'M" irate* prTK-nt. 22fl being
representatives of international unions, and
Wb than 40 carried the major voting
sfren/th nt the convntinn.
T. and L. congress dealt with 111 resolutions.
*      *      *
1Q10 The twenty-eighth* annual
■■"■■" session held at Ouelph, Ont.,
September 014 Inclusive, 252 delegates being present. President J. O. Watters presiding. Addresses were delivered at the opening meeting by Hon. W. T. Crothers,' minister of lahor; Hugh Outhrle, M. p.; H. O.
Schofleld, M. L. A.; J. T. Smith, Kansas
City, U. S., and J. Keir Hardle. M. P., London, Eng.
The executive urged the (1) repeal of the
Industrial Disputes aot; (2) denounced talk
of war with Germany, and urged union .with
British lahor interests to avert it; (ft) described fraternal relations with the United
States and the congress as the official mouth
piece nf the International trades union movement In Canada for legislative purposes.
Committee    on     Immigration    d--alt   with
'Arthur HawkeB* report as follows: "Should
this report be adopted by the government
there would follow sn entire reversal of previous Immigration policies, and the introduction of manifestly worse conditions in our
Industrial centres..than have yet bBen known
in Canada." This view waa accepted by
congress as the correct one.
A resolution wbb carried emphatically protesting against any further public aid being
given by the dominion government to the G.
T. P. railway until it "agrees with its employees to give thtm terms of employment
as favorable as those enjoyed by the employees of other railway companies operating
In the same territory." The government was
also asked to take ever and operate sections
of this railway as soon as completed.
A resolution in favor of international unions adopting a universal and interchangeable membership card, was passed, as waa one
in favor of a law forbidding payment of
wages by cheque.
An eight-hour day resolution was passed
without dissent.
Fifty other resolutions dealing with an infinite variety of subjects were adopted: (1)
Government support to military training of
children, as expressed in the boy scout or
cadet movements, was condemned; (2) uniform school text booka in Quebec were requested; (8) government was urged to appoint a fair-wage officer for each province;
(4) co-operative credit banks were supported; (5) royal commission of inquiry into the
steel industry of Nova Scotia waa requested;
(6) and a general campaign for International
unionism ln the maritime provinces waa advocated; (7) ayBtemaftc government inspec-
I tlon of railway construction camps, and (8)
government conservation of water powers
and coal lands, with eventual publie ownership, were urged.
J,   T.   Bruce,   Toronto,   elected   fraternal
delegate to the A. F. of L.. and P. M. Draper
to the British Trades Union congress
*     *      *
1 QIO Twenty-ninth annual conven-
X 27 1 O tlon held at Montreal September 22-27 inclusive. At the opening session
the speakers were: J. T. Foster, preaident
T. and L. council; A. Verville, M. P.; Mayor
Lavallee; Louis Guyon, chief Inspector;
Joseph Alney; controller; Will Thome, M. P.,
London, Eng.; W. J, McSorley, A. F. of L.
fraternal delegate; Allan Studholme, M. P.
P.; Frank Duffy, secretary U. B. of Carpenters. President J. C. Watters of the congress
thanked the speakers for their greetings, and
formally declared congress opened for bufli-
ness.
The reports of officers and committees were
very voluminous, besides some 120 resolutions were dealt with.
Membership afflliated with congress was
80,801, being an increase of 14,778 during
the year.
Early in the summer Mayor L. D. Taylor of
Vancouver issued a warning against any influx of immigrants to the Pacific coast. This
was followed by the congresB sending circulars broadcast throughout Britain and on the
continent warning tho public against tbe
misrepresentations of Immigrant agents as to
the real labor conditions prevailing in Canada.
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and
Joiners were denied affiliation with the congress. "We are pleased to see the disguise
has heen ripped from tbe congress and they
have now intimated that tbey are part and
parcel of the American Federation of Labor
.—a sorry spectacle," wrote Wm. Young.
secretary  Canadian executive hoard   of   the
[ Amalgamated Carpenters' society.
"The great armament octopus which la
gobbling up the heritage of the people of the
{world, bids fair to topple of Its own weight
as yeara   go on."—Kxcerpt from  report of
I executive.    Militarism condemned.
I    The building trades of St. John, N. B., on
, May 1 inaugurated the eight-hour day.
John   W.   Bruce,   frternnl   delegate   to   A.
j F. of L. reported to congress.
! Jumrs Simpson, lnbor representative on
the royal commission (Industrial training and
technical education), appointed June 1, 1910,
| reported the work of the commission complete ln May, 1013.
I Delegate J. W. Wilkinson (Vancouver)
made a lengthy statement re the miners'
strike on Vancouver  island.     United   Mine
{Workers provided over |16,000 a week to
support the strikers, Same organization
spent $1,300,000 during the atrlke in Nova
Scotia. Others taking part in the discussion
on   the    miners'    si tun tion    were   Delegates
| Simpson, Rigg, Rees nnd McLennan.
Delegate Rigg (Winnipeg) said 01 union
miners of Durham had been brought to Can-
| ada under misrepresent tion to work on Vnncouver island. They refused to be strikebreakers.    Hon. Crothers had stated that he
| (Rigg)   had inspired tho men from Durham
I with discontent and so left them a charge
on Vancouver municipality.   This was not bo.
J     "Resolved—That all officials and members
I of the Trades and Lsbor congress of Canada  he  requested to Inform   themselveB   on
i the commodity nature of labor-power and also
!on the theory of value." Crrled on a vote
of 135 to 100.
I President Kirby of tbe United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners spoke briefly, and Bald he did not think the delegates
I realized the potential power of the western
'part of the dominion which would be one
of the chief contributing factors to Canada's
. greatness.
i Resolutions of sympathy passed re Geo.
Pettigrew and other imprisoned Nanaimo
miners.
A trade depression had set in (a year before the war) and was keenly felt during
1913.
Delegates present: j Fraternal delegates—
W. J. McSorley, Cleveland, O., A. F. of L.;
Will Thorne, M, P., London, Eng., British
Trades Union congress, Federations of Labor
—John O. Jones, Alberta; J. W. Wilkinson.
British Columbia. Internationa) representatives, 24. Twenty-eight T. and L. councils
sent 49 delegates, nnd 155 local unions 259.
Total, 386 delegates, j
!
; 1 Q 1 A The thirtieth annual may be
;4»*»"   cited as the "war convention,"
held in St. Andrew's rink, St. John, N. B.,
.September 21-26 inclusive. This waa the first
time congress ever met ln New Brunswick.
The opening proceedings were preceded by a
fiarade ot the delegates to the place of meet-
rig, where addresses were delivered by Jas,
L. Sugrue, president T. and L. council and
also president of N. B. Federation of Labor;
Mayor James H. Prink; Commissioner Frank
Potts; Hon. John E. Wilson; J. O. Watters,
President of the congress; Mortimer M. Dona-
ue, Butte, Mont., A, F. of L. fraternal delegate.
Delegates'present: Fraternal, 3; federations, of labor, 1; 17 internationals, 17; 11
trades and labor councils, 28; 80 tradeB unions, 105—total, 149 delegates.
After referring to the appalling loss of life
and destruction of property, owing to the
war, tho executive recommended that the
convention reaffirm Its utter abhorrence of
-war as a means of settling disputes.
| Amendments to Industrial Disputes act, together with old age pensions, and pensions
for mothers and children were chief subject-
urged on tbe federal government.
Concerning Vancouver island coal miners'
strike, tho union nnd strikerrs were congratulated for their magnificent struggle. Robt.
Poster, Nanaimo, president of the miners' union, and Frank Farrington, Springfield, 111.,
executive board member, U., M. W. of A.
made able addresses, covering the strike situation. Hon. T. W. Crothers, minister of
labor, endeavored to defend the actions of his
department. A resolution was carried condemning the minister of labor for failure to
use Impartially the powers of his office to
effect an equitable settlement of the strrike.
j Executive endeavored to secure the releas**
of Joseph Angelos, a 'striking miner servinit
a sentence of four years. (Several months
later he was released.)
Miss Letiora O'Reilly, of Brooklyn. N. Y..
fraternal delegate from the Women's National
i Trade   Union   League of America,   conveyed
fraternal greetings to congress.
)    Government control wa** urged of all d*-
tectives operating In Canada; also the abolition of all private detective agencies.
[    C-if-nrrss   favored   legislation    f«r   proper
training of motormen and conductors.
j    Congress   favored 'a   weekly   half-holiday
for tetter-carriers during the months of. .Tun**,
■Ink nd  August.    (This went Into effect in
11915,)
Comsi-sH favored assisting brewery work-
jers of Ouebec to organise, and endorse'' th»
Btrike of th" members of the Brewery WorkerB* union. No. 807.
| Pnn<rr«si on-nosed nrtvate and provincial
labor exchanges in fnvor of municipal labor
j bureaux.
j Federal and provincial ' governments
urged to disassociate themselveB from so«-i -
'tins and a*encl**s promoting immigration t"
Cnnada. and to discontinue aiding and bonus-
ing same.
I Onn-rrnss continued Its affiliation with the
Social Service congress of Canada.
Trades and labor councils were urged to
establish co-onerative societies In their r-j
spective  Incnlllies,
I "No. 17.—The extension of the franchise,
(to all women over 2\\ years of age," wat"
add to the "platform nf principles."*
Reside* the voluminous ronorts of officers
and committees, congress dealt with 67 resolutions,
The Mock clouds of war hovered over labor
and unemployment stalked throughout th»
land.
i H, W. BaHtt nnd W. R. Trotter wer*i delegates from Vancouvere.
• * *
1 Q1 Et Thlrtyiflret eonvention of the
1~ 1 «J ' T. nnd L. 0.^ off 0. will convene
In Labor Temple, Vancouver, commencing
September 20. President Walters, Vice-
president Bancroft nnd Secretary-treasurer
Draper will be In their places and a large
number of delegates preaent.
Among the many subjects that will be discussed are:
The proposed eight-hour lahor bill.
Workmen's compensation acts in varloua
provlncea, .;
Amendments to the Industrial nnd Investigation act.
Fortnightly payment of wages on all railways.
Proposed amendments to federal Elections
aot. Including: (a) the abolition of the 1200
deposit now exacted: (b) the making election day a public holiday.
Old age pensions and all the Issues that are
therewith connected.
NIGHT SCHOOLS TO OPEN
Night Classes Start ln Vanocuver on
October 1st
The seventh season of evening classes
in Vancouver will open on Oct. 1st, according to a timetable and prospectus
just issued by Mr. G. A. Laing, superintendent of tbis branch of the publie
school Bystem. Enrollment will take
place at the school board offices on Sept.
27th, 28th, 30th and Oct. 1st, between
7:30 and 9:30 in the evening. The
classes will be conducted on the same
lines aa last year, practically all of the
features which were inaugurated last
year being again continued. A foe of
$5 will be charged Ciose who enter tbe
classes in advanced electrical work and
assaying, but for continuation work,
commercial English and arithmetic no
fee will be charged. Special classes for
foreigners will be held in Britannia
high school on Monsuys and Wednesdays of each week.
PANTAGES
Unequalled Vaud.vlll.   Meana
PANTAOES  VAUDEVILLE
THRU IHOW* DAILV
«.«, 7.80, ».1»    Soaaon'e Price.:
M.lln... 1Sc.| Evenings, ISo., no.
TE OLDE FIBME OF HEINTZMAN
* 00. PIANOS
OBANDS. UPRIGHT, AHD PLATES
PIANOS
Sol. Agent.
Walter F. Evans
Limited
626 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
VANCOUVEB. B. 0.
Phone Bey. 221     Day ot Night
Nunn, Thomson & Clegg
FONEBAL  DIBEOTOBS
"Special attention to shipping cases"
620 Bichards      VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
MADE IN B.C.
CANAPA APPROVED
THE BRAND OF
"QUALITY"
We are the only house in British Columbia
having government inspection. The quality
and goodness of Shamrock Brand Goods is
unsurpassed. Support home industry by
using Shamrock Bacon, Ham, Butter, Eggs
and Lard.
P. BURNS & CO.
LIMITED
Vancouver, B.C.
CANADA APPROVED
MADE IN B.C.
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Olllce and Chapel,
1034 Qranvllle SI., Phone Sey. 3486.
Norlh Vancouver — Office and
Chapel. 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
134.
CENTER & HANNAp Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1041 GEORGIA STRUT
One Block  weat of Court Houee.
A New B. C. Product
Um of  Modern  Chapel and
Funeral   Parlors  free  to all
Patrons
Telephone Seymour 2420
BAPCO
KALSOMINE
WHEN TOU ABE FOB BAPOO PRODUCTS, TOU GIVE A FELLOW
WORKER A JOB.
: RENNIE S BULBS
"THE FINEST IN THE LAND"
Now Is tbe time to plant Hyacinths, Tulips, Daffodils, Crocus, etc.
for winter bloom ln tbe boose and for early spring bloom ln tbe garden.
CATALOGUE FREE
Wm. RENNIE Co., Limited
1138 HOMES STBEET VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
Also at Winnipeg, Toronto and Montreal
ROGERS  BUILDING
DOES YOUR OFFICE CARRY PRESTIGE?
Undoubtedly if in this building I   A location therein indicates to your clientole-
The ten story structure depicted above is by far the leading office building on the Pacific CoaBt.    Scientifically constructed.   Scientifically operated,
^'Acknowledged the best kept and most up-to-date.      Seek your offices here.
Elevator service Twenty-four hours—Night and day.
The Building Management Invites your inspec tion. Call and See.   :
009 ROGERS BUILDING Oor. Fender and Granville Stroeta. DAY SEPTEMBER 17, 1915
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
BRITISH COLUMBIA
CANADA-
british COLUMBIA
British Columbia, Canada's maritime Provinoe on the Pacific Ocean, is the largest in the Dominion—its area, ae-
cording to the census of 1011, being 355,855 square miles.
It is a great irregular quadrangle, about 700 milts from
north to south, with an average width of about 400 wiles,
lying between latitudes 40 degrees and 00 degrees north.
It is bounded on the south by the Straits of Juan de Fuca
and the States of Washington, Idaho and Montana; on the
west by the Pacific Ocean and Southern Alaska t on the
north by the Yukon and Haokeniie Territories, and on
the eut by the Province of Alberta. From the 20th degree
north to the 54th degree the eastern boundary follows Uie
axis of tbe Rooky Mountains, and thence north the 130th
meridian.
The last census (1911) places the population at 809,480;
ln 1001 the population was 178,057.
HISTORY
Previous to 1868 British Columbia, then known as New
Caledonia, formed a portion of the Hudson's Bar Com*
pany's concession, hut In that year it was constituted a
Crown Colony, owing to the large Immigration consequent
on the discovery of gold. Vancouver Island was leased to
the Hudson's Bay Company In 1848, and was made a
Crown Colonv In 1840. In 1880 the colonies of British
Columbia and Vancouver Island were united, and on July
20th, 1871, British Columbia entered the Canadian Federation, and is represented by three members In the Senate,
and seven In the House of Commons of Canada.
DESCRIPTION
The vast tract comprised within the limits of the Prov*'
Ince—extending as it does through nearly 13 degrees of
latitude, with a varying breadth and elevation—naturally
affords a great diversity of climate.
The Coast region has been described as "having a climate wonderfully like that of England, only the summers
are much drier.'' The warm tropical waters of the Pacific
Oulf Stream (Japan Current) striking the Coast gives to
Vancouver Island and the Coast generally A mild and agreeable climate; there Is little frost or snow, and there is a
difference of at least ten degress of latitude In favor of
places on the Coast as compared with corresponding positions on the Atlantic Cosst. The interior Is subject to
greater extremes, both of heat and oold, but nowhere are
the extremes so great as on the eastern slope of the Rocky
Mountains; the climate Is for the most part drier and the
— -—»**il -|*--------*fl— i—
snowfall consequently less.
CONSTITUTION
The. Provlnolal Oovernment Is administered by a Lieutenant-Governor and Legislative Assembly of forty-two members on the system of executive administration, known as a
"responsible government." The Assembly is eleoted for
four yean, every male adult (British subjects) having resided six months In the Provinoe, duly registered, being
entitled to vote. The present legislation consists of forty
Conservatives and two Socialists, the Liberals having failed
to return a member at the last general election (1913.)
EDUCATION
A oomplete system of free education was established by
act in 1873. The central control Is vested ln the oouncll of
publlo instruction, composed of the members of the executive council. The minister of education directs the general
management of the schools through the superintendent of
education. In each rural school dlstriot trustees are elected
to attend to the local affairs of the school, and in the elty
school districts seven, Ave or three (according to grade,
whether first, second or third class) trustees are eleoted for
this purpose.
There are at present thirty high schools In the Provlnee.
The number of schools ln operation in 1912-13 was 046,
under 1507 teachers, with an enrollment of 46.756 pupils.
The schools are free and non-seotarlan. The highest morality must be inculcated, but no religious dogma nor creed Is
permitted to be taught. School districts are formed wherever there are twenty children between the ages of six and
sixteen years available for school purposes.
GUBERNATORIAL
Seat of Government—Vlotoria.
Lieutenant-Governor—His Honor P. S. Barnard.
Private Secretary—H. J. 8. Muskett.
EXECUTIVE COUNCIL
Premier—Hon. Sir Richard McBride, K. O, K. O. It. G.
Minister of Finance and Agricultore—Hon. William J.
Bowser, K. 0.
Minister of Mlnee—Hon. Sir Richard McBride, K. 0.,
Attorney-Genersl and Commissioner of Fiaherlea—Hon,
William J. Bowser, K. 0.
Provlnolal Secretary, Minister of Education—Hon. Henry
E. Tounf, M. D, LL. D.
Minister of Lands—Hon. W. R. Ross, K. 0.
Minister of Public Worka—Hon. Thomaa Taylor.
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
Speaker—Hon. D. M. Eberte, K. 0.
Clerk—Thornton PeU.
Constltaencles and Members—Forty-two members.
Vancouver Oity—William 3. Bowser, K. 0., H. H. Wat*
eon, G. A. McOnlre, 0. E. Tlsdall, A. H. B. McGoWan.
Greenwood—3. R. Jackson.
Vlotoria Olty—H. F. W. Behnsen, Frederick Darey, Bir
Richard MoBrlde, K. C, K. 0. M. G.i Henry B. Thomson.
Richmond—Hon. F. L. Carter-Cotton.
Skeena—William Manson.
Sloean—William Hunter,
Okanagan—Hon. Price Ellison.
Cowichan—W. H. Hayward.
Grand Forks—Ernest Miller.
Kamloops—J. Pearson Shaw.
New Westminster Oity—Thomas Gilford.
Comox—Michael Manson.
Kaslo—Neil Frankly McKay.
Nanalmo City—J. Place.
Tale—Alexander Lucas.
Nelson City—W. P. McLean, Michael Callahan, M. D.
Cariboo—John A. Fraser.
Cranbrook—T, D. Oavan.
Rossland City—L. A. Campbell
Chilliwack—8. A. Cawley.
Dewdney—William J. Manson.
Llllooet—A. MoDonald.
Alberni—J. G. 0. Wood.
Delta—F. 3. A. Mackensle.
Islands—W. W. Foster.
Esquimau—R. H. Pooler
Fernle—Hon. W. R. Rose, K. 0.
Slmllkameen—Lytton W. Shatferd.
Haanleh—Hon. Dayld MoE. Eberte, K. 0.
Revelstoke—Hon. Thomaa Taylor.
Columbia—H. E. Footer.
Newcastle—Parker Williams.
Ymlr—Jamee H. Schofleld,
Atlin—Hon. Henry Eason Tounf, M. D., LL.D.
THE RICHEST PORTION Or NORTH AMERICA
IN NATURAL RE80URORI
It hu in un ot tint* hundnd and a—ttj-ato
thousand square milii; a eoait-llae of MTtn tbou-
and mUaa- twantj million acres of wheat land; In
million acrea of fruit land; flftom million acres of
standing Umber; larftit eoal atoas ln North America; lta minea hare produced four hundred and sixty
million dollara; lta fisheries one hundred and elxtr-
five million dollara; th* tnoet and safest harbors on
the Pacific Ooaat; the best all-jeer climate, by the
records; the banner Province of Canada.
NVCMBTS
British Columbia's educational syitem Is second
to none ln North America. Schools are free, well-
taught, numerous and undenominational.
Serious crime is at a minimum ln the Piorinoe,
both ln the dtles and country.
The great majority of the population la Anglo-
Saxon; chiefly British.
Manhood suffrage prevails and voting la by ballot.
The University of Brittah Columbia la now in
course of construction*
British Columbia's climate secured site of Dominion Observatory.
RAILWAYS
Thero an 2,M0 miles of rallwin in operation.
Rallwaya being constructed, 8,907 adlee.
Over 1,000,000 how-power of water-power available.
Distance of Oreat Britain shortened 0,000 miles
by Panama Canal
PRODUCTION IN 1914
Agriculture «7,tt3,M_
Fisheries  15,000,000
Minerals  88,SW,WS
Timber  8S,MO,oo
Total   tti,m,m
British Columbia Is Canada's largest Province,
Canada's furthest west Province, and Canada's
greatest Province, In the number and extent af lta
natural resources, end In tta variety and beauty of
lte natural scenery.
Agriculture in British Columbian
Population, 630,191 Ana, 288,010,000 Acres
Production in 1814, 127,493,012.
British Columbia possesses millions ot acres of good rich
eerlcultural land with suitable climatic conditions, a large
area of fruit lands, millions of acres of grazing land, irrl*
{rated and non-Irrigated land, pre-emption and homeetead
ends.
British Columbia offers good opportunities for mixed
forming, fruit-growing, dairying, stock-raising, poultry-raising, vegetable-growing and market-gardening.
" V ..'     *
'■'^v^l  KJ
British Columbia, Canada.   Mixed Farming
&:.'J$h
British Columbia,  Canada,  Vegetable-raising.
British Columbia bas good railways, good roads, good
climate, free and undenominational aenools, good laws wisely administered, good markets and remunerative prices for
' all kinds of farm produce.
For free and accurate information, free books and pamphlets, and answers to questions, write to the department
of agriculture, Victoria, B. C, Canada; or the seoretary,
Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria, B. C, Canada;
or Hon. J. H. Turner, Agent-General for British Columbia,
Salisbury House, Flnsbury Circus, London, England.
British Columbia, Canada, 6falfrfrowln|>
Brltlih Columbia, Canada, Fruit-ranching,
Angling in British Columbia
Salmon—Spring or tyee salmon; 40 and 50 pounders are
not uncommon. Cohoe salmon, 7 to 15 pounds. Both
these kinds are very plentiful ln the season. All these
salmon take the fly, and the spring and cohoe saltion are
also caught In great numbers by trolling. Good grilse-
fishing from January to Hay. Atlantic salmon-flies are
used.
Trout—Steelheads, rainbow, cut-throat and sea trout take
the fly. Very large lake trout, running occasionally to
25 pounds and upwards, are caught by trolling. Successful dry-fly fishing is had. Some grayling fishing is
hnd In northern British Columbia. English files suitable
for British Columbia waters.
British Columbia Tnat-
    Usually, January 1st to November 15th for salmon.    Steelheads, November 15th to Maroh 26th; trout,
March 26th to November 15th.    Seasons fixed by Do*
minion Government.
Wcinst—Fishing license 95, good for one year.
Ht. B.—Best resorts easily reached by train, boat, or motor-
ears. Fine fishing either by waders, bank, boat or canoe.
Unsurpassed scenery. Comparative freedom from files;
no discomfort.
Miscellaneous—For free speolal Information, write tp Do*
partment of Fisheries, Victoria, B, C.; Provincial Game
Warden, Vancouver, B. 0.; or secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria, B. 0.
Britlah Columbia Salmon tod Trout Fishing.
Britlah Columbia Salmon-Ashing.
Resources of British Columbia
 British Columbia's eoal measures, are estimated to eon-
tain forty billion tons ot bituminous coal and sixty-one billion tons of anthracite coal. It possesses the greatest compact area of merchantable timber In North America; the
importance of the fisheries, apart from salmon fishing, is
only beginning to be realised; there are immense deposits
of magnetite and hematite iron of the finest quality which
still remain undeveloped; the area of agricultural and fruit
lands Ib estimated at 60,000,000 acres and less than one-
tenth of the available land is settled upon, much less cultivated; the province has millions of acres of pulpwood as
yet unexplolted; petroleum deposits, but recently discovered, are among the most extensive ln the world, and most
of the territory is unexplored, and its potential value unknown.
Agriculturally, It Is at the threshold ol a great future.
It has the last great Btand of Douglas fir, red cedar, spruce,
and hemlock timber. Its mines of coal, lead, gold, silver
and copper steadily increase their output. It Ib the centre
of the halibut, salmon and herring fisheries. It is the big-
game hunter's and the angler's Promised Land. Scenfcally,
it must be soen to be appreciated, description cannot do it
justice.
Facts Concerning Fisheries of
British Columbia
Production In 1914, 916,000,000.
Chief food-fisheries, salmon, halibut, herring, cod, totalling 912,600,000 in value. Many other valuable fish, totalling 9600,000 In value. Whales and whale production!
totalled 9450,000 In value. The halibut banks are of Immense area. Their commercial possibilities are very important. Deep-sea fishing in British Columbia Is free to a
great degree from the perils of the Atlantic -fisheries.
British Columbia Salmon.
Common and blaek cod, sea-bass, sole, flounders, rock-
fish, oolaehans, pilchards, clams, shrimps and prawns are
found In large numbers.
British Columbia produced almost half of the entire
fisheries value of Canada for fiscal year of 1913-18. Oyer
seven million dollars' worth mora than Nova Scotia, the
next Provinoe ln importance.
British Columbia HaUbut.
Cleaning tht Catch.
Britlah Columbia salmon pack represents close to one-
quarter of entire pack of Pacific Coast, Its value In 1014
totaUed 9M84.000.
The opening of the Panama Canal offers a abort cut for
fresh salmon, halibut and cod to Old World markets.
Present railway development gives more and quicker
routes, and shipping of freshly caught aea-flsh to Eastern
and Middle Cauda and to the United States offers excellent
field lor Investment.
British Columbia Herring Fisheries.
The shipping of freshly caught sea fish from British
Columbia to Eastern and Middle Canada, and the entire
United States, Is likely to develop into an important branch
of the trade.
For detailed and accurate Information, write to Department of Fisheries, Victoria, B. C, Canada.
British Columbia HaUbut.
Long-line Fishing.
Mining in British Columbia
British Columbia Is essentially a mining eountry; today
mining is the most important Industry in the Provlnee,
closely, followed by lumbering.
Up to the end of 1014 the value of the total recorded
output of minerals In British Columbia is about 9-87,000,-
000, of whioh over 50 per cent, has been produced in the
last ten years. In 1918 the mineral production was 930,-
296,898. This was made up of: Metalliferous minerals,
917,700,888; coal and coke, 98,107,460, and building materials, etc., 93,898,100.
The Important mining districts of the Province are: For
lode mining, Boundary, East and West Kootenay and Coast;
for coal mining, Eaat Kootenay and Coast; for placer mining, Casslar and Cariboo. The Important lode minerals
produced are ores of gold, silver, lead, copper and sine
Hydraulic Mining In Britlah Oolumbl.
Rawhide, Oold Drop and Suowshoe Mines, B. 0.
For the treatment of the various ores, there are in operation several large smelters—that of tbe Granby Company
at Grand Forks being the largest In the British Empire,
and one refinery at Trail.
Over 200,000 square miles of the Provlnee has not yet
been properly prospected, and there remains a vast virgin
field tor the prospector.
The mining laws of British Columbia are very liberal,
and the terms under which lode and placer claims are held
are such that a prospector 1b greatly encouraged In his
work, and the titles, especially for mineral claims and hydraulic leases, are absolutely perfect.
For detailed and accurate Information In regard to mining, write to the Department of Mines, Victoria, B. C.
Western Full Oo.'a Fit-head, Nanalmo, B. 0.
Touring and Motoring in
British Columbia
Scenery—Moat beautiful and diversified scenery in the
world. Mountain peaks and ranges, glaciers, gorges,
waterfalls, sea-beaches, primeval forests, lakea of exquisite loveliness, rivers, plains and pastoral communities.
Motoring—Finest and most thrilling picturesque motor
highways on the North American continent. Excellent
hotel accommodations and months of cloudless weather.
Fishing and shooting in nearly every part of the Provlnee,
A British Colombia Mountain Lake.
Golf, Sea-bathing, etc.—Salt and fresh water bathing, golf,
ice-skating (natural and artificial fee), sailing, yachting,
canoeing, motor-boating and all outdoor sports. River,
lake, and ocean excursions. Hallways, steamers and automobiles take travellers everywhere.
Stratheona Park—Stratheona National Park, 58Qi000 acres
of Nature's wilderness marvels. This park has no equal
on either continent for variety and rugged grandeur of
scenery.
Climate—Both as a summer and winter resort British Columbia and its various cities and districts, east, west
and interior. Is unsurpassed.
Information—For free detailed Information, write to secretary, Bureau of Provlnolal Information, Victoria, B. C,
Canada.
B. 0. Copper Smelter, Greenwood, British Columbia.
A Sea-beach, British Oolumba.
*
Summer ln Central Britlah Columbia.
Timber Wealth of British Columbia
British Columbia eontalns more than half the standing
timber In Canada. Over half the commercial wealth of the
Province is invested In timber and lumbering.
British Columbia's average cut Is about 1,700,000,000
board-feet; 80,000 men employed In 794 logging camps and
425 mills.
British Columbia's Most Important Timber—-Douglas fir,
best structural and general building material in America
because of strength, slse, durability, beauty, medium
weight, and ease of working. Figure, hard surface and
ability to take stains make It a superior finish wood.
 :
-i,
BR
I
[
^1
s
Wm-x i
mha
ISl^Sr&4L'J
Lumbar Export Fleet, British Columbia.
Western Bed Cedar—Durability and weather-resistance
make It peerless outside lumber. It finds a wide market
for poles and shingles.
Western Yellow Pint—Fine-grained,   resembling   white
Sine,   Meets same uaea in box-making and planing-mlll In-
■•try.
Iltka Spruce—Lumber obtainable In targe elear sises,
and free from resin or pitch. Used for boxes, oars, sheeting, finish, etc.
and more easily worked
suited tor boxes, barrels,
Weetern Hemlock—Stronger
than Eutern hemlock, WeU
framing, flooring and finish.
For free and detailed Information, writa to Provincial
Forestry branch, Vletorl*, B, C, Cauda.
A British Columbia Paper Mill.
Shooting in British Columbia
Big Game Moose, wapiti (not allowed to bt shot) caribou,
sheep, (four species), mountain goats, deer (three
species), both blaok and gristly bear, cougars, wolvee
and all fur-bearing animals. (Guides and outfits obtainable In the chief hunting districts.)
Expenses and Btasons—Average estimated expenae for six
weeks' trip tn Cassiar 91000 np to 91300 per man;
southern interior, 912.50 to 916 dally per man, every*
thing Included. Launches needed on tbe Coast; eost
varies from 915 a day up. (Only engage best guides,
who must have licenses.) For northern interior tht
middle of August is tbe best time to start. Bear shooting Is best in the spring, about tht middle of April to tbt
middle of June, according to the c	
British Columbia Big Game.    Caribou.
Licences—8100   includes  everything,  fishing  also.    Bear
licence for spring shooting only 925; season's bird 11-  .
cence, 950; British subject's bird licence, 95 per week.
Birds—Pheasants, bine and ruffled grouse, prairie- chicken,
ptarmigan, Callfornlan quail (Vancouver Uleuu uuiy.,
Wild fowl of all kinds.
Seasons—All seasons are fixed by order in connell yearly;
those for birds vary considerably. Generally speaking
the season for big game commences September 1st,
Information—For special free Information, write to tht
Provincial Game Warden, Vancouver, B. C.
British Columbia Big Game, Mountain Sheep.
British Columbia Big Oame, Moose.
Winter In Northern Britlah Columbia. PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PEIDAT SEPTEMBEB 17, 1915
Special Sale of Ladies' and
Mens' Boots
For fall and winter wear, dJO -TR
regular $5 to $6.50 values. Sale Price t|H_r« I O
—A shoe-buying opportunity the more important because of its timeliness, coming ns it does right on the threshold of a new season—when
ladios, and men too, are requiring walking boots for fall wear. The opportunity of saving from $1.25 to $2.50 per pair is one not to be missed—
especially aa the saving is on guaranteed Hues—boots of quality, style
and service.   Description follow—
LADIES' BOOTS—Made up of short lines of Burt's, Luxura and Dr.
Reed's cushion-sole boots, in kid, calf and patent leather; regular $5.00
to $6.50 values for $3.75
MEN '8 BOOTS—Made up of short lines of H. B. quality boots, Accurato
brand, and Just Bight lineB, in brown calf, patent colt and cnlf; standard $6.00 to $0.00 vah'03.   Sale price, por pair 93.75
udson'sp&uCompanuJM
Wl   ll»      SMSSST I satatiat. itoato aartttiaaiaain \ ^mr   ,
GRANVILLE AND GEORGIA STREETS
Conventions.
CONVENTIONS AND OFFICERS OF EAELIEE OONOBESSES.
 Presidents. Vice-presidents.	
1873—Toronto "..John W. Carter D. J. O'Donoghue.
1674—Ottawa John W. Carter D. J. O'Donoghue.
1875—St. Catherines.. .Wm. Magnus D. J. O'Donoghue..
CONVENTIONS
Conventions.
AND OFFICERS OF TBADES AND LABOB CONOBESS.
Presidents. Vice-presidents. Secretary-treasurers
1883—Toronto	
1886—Toronto	
1887—Hamilton	
1888—London	
1889—Montreal	
I860—Ottawa	
1891—Quebec City	
1892—Toronto	
1893—Montreal	
1894—Ottawa	
1895—London	
1898—Quebec	
1897—Hemilton	
1898—Winnipeg	
1899—Montreal	
1900—Ottawa	
1901—Brantford, Ont..
1902—Berlin, Ont	
1903—Brock villi*. Ont.
1904—Montreal	
1905—Toronto	
1908—Victoria, B. C.
1907—Winnipeg	
1908—Halifax, N. 8...
1909—Quebec	
1910—Port Arthur*...
Fort William...
1911—Calgary	
1912—Ouelph, Ont...
1913—Montreel	
1914—St. John, N. B..
.Charloe Maroh D. J. O'Donoghue DBVid Hastings
.Charles Maroh Devld H. Gibson David Heet ngs
Charlee Maroh J. T. Corey David Hastings
Charles Maroh Robt. Olockling Oeo. W. Dower
. J. T. Carey V. Lafontaine Oeo. W. Dower
J. T. Carey John Armstrong   g<">* W. Dower
. Urban Lafontaine Geo. T. Bealee g**°* W. Dower
Urban Lafontaine p. J. Jobin ge»* W. Dower
.Oeo. T. Beales P. J. Jobin geo. W. Dower
Geo. T. Bealee Alex. R, Macdonald.... g<">* «• __*
P. J. J»Wn Alex. R. Macdonald.... g«»* $* Dower
P. J* Jobin Balph Smith 8~- $' S??5!
*D. A. Carey .Ralph Smith S~- S' 5™"
Helph Smith, M. P. P... .John A. Flett J}"- $' E"
.Ralph Smith, M. P. P... .John A. Flett 9??' S' £™S
Ralph Smith, M. P. P....John A. Flett P  M  Drener
Ralph Smith, M. P John A. Flett ,5' __l
John A. Flett J. B. Meek £• 5* D™5.r
* John A. Flett .3. B. Mack v _ DraSer
■ Alphonse Verville Jas, Simpson. p*, m! Draper
Alphonse Verville Jas. Simpson p M Draper
•A. Verville, M. P Job.  Simpson P* m" Draper
■ A. Verville, M. P Jas.  Simpson     p  M  Draper
■ A. Verville, M. P jaB. Simpson P.M. Draper
Wm. Olockling Gustave Francq P. M. Draper
I Wm. Olockling Oustave Francq P. M. Draper
James 0. Watters .Fred. Bancroft p. M. Draper
James C. Watters Fred. Bancroft. P. M. Draper
.James O. Watters Fred. Bancroft P. M. Draper
, James C. Wattora Fred. Bancroft p. M. Draper
Vancouver Night Classes
THE NIGHT CLASSES BE-OPEN ON MONDAY, OCTOBER 4th
Tht Syllabus includes: English, Literature,   French,   Building   Trades
Courses, Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Commercial Courses,
Domestic Science, Art Courses, Etc., Etc., Etc.
DISTRIBUTION OP CEBTIFICATES—ABEBDEEN SCHOOL
Burrard Street.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBEB 2Bth.        At 8 p.m.
PUBLIC COBDIALLY INVITED
ENBOLLING DATS, September 27th, 28th, and 30th, October 1st
7.30 to 0.30 p.m., in School Board Offices, Hamilton and Dunsmuir Streets
Copies of Syllabus may be obtained at School Board Offices
For Information see MB. O. A. LAING,
Director of Night Classes.
Hf-TITt   PFfiFIMT  Absolutely  Fireproof.    Local  and  Long-Hlateme
nUlIlli R_lU_il"l   phone in Every RoomCafe ln Connection. Ratea
•1.00 per day up.   Attractive Ratea to Permanent Quests. _.
Oettlaataai A Beatty. Proprietors IM HaaMags Street laat
European Plan, $1.00 Up.
Phones: Seymour 8208 and 812
THE NEW
Hotel Europe
AN ABSOLUTELY FOEPBOOF HOTEL
Comer Powell wd Alexander Streets
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Phone Seymour 706
Pool Boom in Connection
Atlantic Hotel
FBANK MAECHESE, Proprietor
Pint-dan Restaurant—Open Day and Night
73-79 COBDOVA STBEET WEST
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
"A Room with a Bath for a Dollar and a half"
EXCHANGE TELEPHONE SETMOUB 1230-1391
FIB8T0LABS OEILL AND BUFFET IN CONNECTION
HOTEL BARRON
Corner Granville and Nelion Streets
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Every modern convenience and comfort for commercial, business men and tourists-
All rooms have outside exposure and are lavishly appointed.    Everything of the
best at "sensible prices."    Free auto bus moots all trains and boats.
CENTRAL LOCATION
BATES FBOM $1.00 FEB DAT,  EUBOPEAN  PLAN
Undor Entirely New Management. A. J. LISTER, Manager
"Tho Dost Thought of and Most Talked of"
RETURN CALL BELLS THROUGHOUT—ELECTRIC   LIGHT  THROUGHOUT-
STEAM HEAT—FREE HUS TO AND FROM HOTEI,—TELEPHONE 807
HOTEL BLACKBURN
Newly built and Refnrnlahod
A, E. BLACKBURN, Proprietor
RATEB: AHEBIOAN FLAN, 11.10 TO l?.00 FEB DAT; EUBOPEAN PLAN, Tie
AHD 11.00 PEB DAT
318 Main Street
Vancouver, B. C.
INSIST ON HAVING
Teas
Spices
Coffees
Extracts
Canned Fruits and Vegetables
Because they ARE the best
TBADES AND LABOB CONOBESS OF O.NADA.
Yeer.
Memberehlp.
Receipts.      Expenditure. Balance.
1609.,
1900..
1901..
1902.
1903.
1904.
1906.
1900.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912..
1918.
1914.
8,881
18,465
16,108
22,010
22,004
27,676
82,290
40.728
86,071
51,000
57,259
66,128
80,801
60,094
t 611.71
828.46
1,009.88
2,842.41
3,858.84
3,747.96
4,700.29
6,747.40
7,474.79
8,906.44
7,899.47
9.432.34
12,454.88
15,699.79
19,871.40
23,713.14
0     647.95
018.79
908.00
1,796.67
3,868.88
8,346.29
4.001.36
8.970.08
6,570.26
7,442.09
6,667.74
7,108.56
9,139.64
10,219.82
10,475.44
12,762.10
0        88.76
209.66
101.88
546.84
494.96
401.67
698.93
1,774.62
904.53
1,464.35
1,281.78
2,878.78
3,356.96
5,479.97
9.396.05
10,951.04
WAR NEWS
Latest' reports from tho firing line tells tho good news that "DIBIT
PLACE," situated near "EVEEY PLACE" has gladly surrendered to
the mighty leader "Col. Boyal Crown," for the laBt forty years has successfully headed the forces of all Soaps, Washing Powder, Naptha, and
Cleanser.
(SAVE ALL YOUB BOYAL OBOWN WBAPPEBS FOB PBE-OUMS)
Bememherl   WE KEEP BRITISH COLUMBIA CLEAN
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
BOYS'  SHIRT WAISTS
For Ages 6 to 16 years
from 50c. up
CLUBB & STEWART, Limited
309-815 HASTINGS STBBBT WEST Phona Soiaoer 70S
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
'■'■**•'   tO C A A       L"ge t"t American s—mat —tot American Hag
Clus J95.00 "St. Louis" Sept. 18th
S~~i tee aa V   V    "PhUad«-'PMa" Sept. 25th
Claw   $65.00 J. J. "St. Paul-  .Oct.   2nd
JIM Wi Wl "New York" Oct.   9th
Clau   $40.00 and evei*y S«t»rfay thereafter
Company's Offioea: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
OB LOOAL BAIL AND STEAMSHIP AGENTS.
Ltrgiit and meet select eteek In Western duals. Easy Terms nd decent
treatment, at war tune prices.
Furniture
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St. West
You Can Save Money
BT USING
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 T 25 Cents
32 Bides at
A 5 Cent Fare
THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT
, 32 Bides on Tour Saving On
Tango Tickets
01 Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c.
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
They are told by conductors on tha ears, at the B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Hastings streets and 1138 Granville strset; ths Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and south snd of
Granville Btreet bridge; Depotmaster's Office at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at tha
places of business of the following Arms throughout the elty:
HASTINOS STBEET—
Woodward's  Dept.  Stores    (Drug
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner.
Spencer's Dept.   Store   (Oeebler'e
ofllee, lnformetlon Barest! end Ex*
obenge Deake), near Rlchsrdi.
Weed's Pbsrmacj—Soymour Street
corner.
Campbell's Phenrjey — Granville
Street corner.
Owl Drugitore—Main Street corner.
Harrison's Drag Store—Near Car-
rail street
MAIN STBBBT—
Browne    A    Beaten,     Druggists,
Pender atreet corner.
Law's   Drugitore — Harris street
corner.
OOBDOTA STBBBT—
Owl    Drugstore — Abbott  street
corner
POWELL STBBBT—
Owl   Drugstore — Dunlevy street
corner.
(BngUib Bay)
Terrenes Drugstore — Davie street
ORANVILLE   STBEET—
Hudson's Bay Oo. All department!
Georgia atreet corner.
Gordon Drjridall'i  (Notion    Counter) neer Dummnlr.
Z_Pmf**9. — Dnnimulr itreet.
Harmon's   Drugitore —   Robion
atreet corner.
Browne * Beaton, druggleta, Davie
atreet corner.
Pill Bes Drugstore — Nelion itreet
corner
Law'i Drugitore — Davie   itreet
corner
Harrison's     Drugitore — Pender
street corner,
rAIBVIEW—
Hsrrilon'l   Drugitore — Granville
atreet  end  Seventh avenne.
MOUNT PLEASANT—
Law's Drugitore — Near Broadway
OBANDVIBW—
Campbell's Drugstore — Broadway
•*™ Commercial Drive.
STANLEY PARK—
Mitchell's  Confectionery— Georgia
atreet entrance.
B.C. ELECTRIC
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St
Near Davie
P. WAND,
Member of Reception snd Arrangements Com*
To the Headers of the
B.C. Federationist—
Wo beg to thank tho readers of this
paper for their past support, and ask
for u continuanco of the same. Wo have
now added homo-maHe pios, pastry,
cakes and cooked incuts to our storo.
Trusting you will have a beneficial
time, while your conference is Bitting,
wo aro,
Yours with best wishes,
OLOVEB LEAP BUTTEB STOBE,
A. L. GROUT, Proprietor
Corner of Oranvllle and Nelson Streets
VANCOUVEB, B. C.
Phone Sey. 1985
Assayer* Chemists
G. S. Eldridge & Co.
We guarantee accuracy
of our results.
WRITE FOR PRICE LIST
Cave Bldg.   Vancouver, B. C.
HOYT'S
10 Cent Cakes
"ALWAYS FRESH"
ASK  YOUR GROCER
Sunday Summer Sailings.
Enjoy the Sunday on tht water br taking
• trip to Gibson'i Landing, Robert's Creek
tnd Soehelt by the fast pleasure steamer
SANTA MARIA.
Leave Johnion'i Wharf tt .... 0:80 t. m,
Arrlvei Glbion'i Landing  ....  11:80 t. m.
"        Robert1! Greek  ,,     ,.  12:15 p. m.
"       Beohelt ....'     1:00 p.m.
Retaining lewei Beohelt tt... 6:00 p. m.
Arriving Vancouver tbout .... 8:18 p. m.
FARE  FOR ROUND  TRIP ONE  DOLLAR.
Full ptrtleultrt Phone Bey. 4280.
G.W.Carruthers
HIGH CLASS TAILOR
232 Broadway East
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & Co.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
PRESIDENT
SUSPENDER
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
MEN! NOTE THIS WORTHY
UNDERWEAR
All our Winter stocks are in Stanfield's, Penman's, Turnbull's nnd the
best EngliBh makers. For the present we concentrate our efforts to display medium weight lines, but ell others nre available for those who ere
partial to any particular kind.   Note theBe particularly:
FLEECE LINED SANITARY  COTTON TJNDERWEAB, well finished
and remarkable for wear.   Sizes to 44, at B0C
PENMAN'S MEBINO—A medium weight underwear of undoubted merit
and the best we know of its kind at 50c.
PENMAN'S MEDIUM WEIOHT LAMBS' WOOL DNDEBWEAB, at SI
8PENCERIA UNDEBWEAE, English manufacture j about 90 per oent.
wool, at, per garment   fl.00
STANFIELD'S MEDIUM WEIOHT UNDEBWEAB (guaranteed un-
shrinknblo), elastic ribbed,* splendid fitting; in two weights et, a
garment   |i,2B and S1.BO
Combinations   $2.50 and 13.00
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.      I     DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
Phone Sey. 7907
Castle Hotel
Opposite Orpheum Theatre
and Hotel Vancouver
F. L WALLINGFORD, Manager
CASTLE HOTEL CO.
Owners
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Absolutely Fireproof TJ-""ITT? T      T  _"_"!*. TC5
Oor. Abbott and Pander
VANCOUVER, B. C.
European Flan
Boom with detached Bath for $1.00
per day up.
Boom with Private Bath for $1.50
per day up.
Grill unsurpassed; moderate prices.
Our Free Auto Bus meets all boats
and trains.
Provincial Hotels Co., Ltd.
Proprietor*
W. V. Moran, Resident Manager        Howard J. Sheehan, President
THE LOTUS
"ServeB Tou Bight"
FOR SOLID COMFORT
HOTEL BURRARD
J. McGILLIVAKY, Proprietor
AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN PLAN
I outside, bright, airy rooms
Two blocks from Labor Temple and Depot
404-406 Cordova Street, West
Corner Homer Street Vancouver, B. C.
GRANVILLE STREET
Phone Seymour 8880
Now Blectric Auto Bui Meeti all Basts and Trains Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Most
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ; 100 with Private Baths
EUBOPEAN PLAN, (1.00 per Day up.
OOB. DUNSMUIR and BIOHABDS STREETS VANCOUVEB, B.O.
HOTEL IRVING
Beer is the beverage of
the poor and rich alike,
cheap enough for the
humblest.   Ask for old
PREMIER
it has stood the test
against all comers.
Westminster Brewery
Corner Columbia and Hastings Street East
™S9J^  SUNDAY     Hotel conducted European plan.
FRENCH        7Kr\   Koom" wilh batll> 8">sIe or e
DINNER 'D
suite.
The Finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars sold at
buffet, with courteous Union mixologists to serve
you. JOHN L. SULLIVAN
Phone Seymour 3380 Proprietor
BREAD
MADE WITH
Fleischmann's Yeast

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