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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 10, 1915

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.political unity• ticroiTi
SEVENTH /.iR. ?No. 87
/In VaaooawY
I   aty.tl.00 I
$1.60 PER YEAR
National Sentiment Buried
the Sense of'International Solidarity
Scales  Beginning  to  Fall
Since War of Conquest
Was Declared
[By W. M. 0.] f
Precept and Pricttce.
The attitude taken by many socialists.
lad socialist groups towards the present
European war, has been, a source of
muoh surprise to many people both inilde and outside the movement. That
men and women who had so strenuously
voiced their anti-militaristic opinions
from press and platform, and many of
whom had served lengthy periods in
jail for so doing, should overnight turn
a oomplete mental somersault and be*
oome rabid militarists of tho most active type, ia sufficient to make the
Sphinx gape.
Attitude of thl Germans.
The germ of the situation seems to lie
in Germany. At the various international socialist congresses held during
recent years repeated attempts have
been made to impress upon the congress
the urgent necessity for providing some
eounter action to be taken by the work-
era in the event of war. Particularly
active in this regard were the delegates
from France," Italy and Great'Britain, as
well as many others from the various
nationalities represented. The main war-
preventatlve measure advocated by
these delegates was to declare a general
strike in the nations involved in the dispute, and by this means endeavor to.
prevent mobilisation. This practically
meant a war against war, a class war
against a capitalist war. Or, as the
Frenchman Herve put it, "Revolution,
rather than war."
Perfect Cohesion Enquired.
For this meaaure to Btand my possible chance of being effective| it demanded the complete cooperation between
the workers of the nations involved. If
nny* national group of workers bold
aloof ,nnd refused to take aetion, the
meaaure inevitably fell to the ground;
oa otherwise the other natione would be
* 'at the mercy of an invading army of the
Whit They Slid.
There the German delegatee, with a
' few exceptions snch as Karl Liebknecht
and Bosa Luxembourg, (and all honor to
them for their clear class stand, then
and now), proved the stumbling-block.
While declaring that they would strenuously oppose any offensive war, they
persistently took the stand that it waa
their duty to defend the Fatherland
against invasion. It was useless for the
other national delegates to point out to
them that all wars were necessarily of
sn offensive character, a fact whieh the
ilermans themselves demonstrated upon
Belgium and France. They remained
obdurate and Immovable. The fear of
Russia had beea too assiduously drilled
into them by their ruling class.
v Nitloniliiti Pint,
Their socialism was more of a national, than of an international character. Consequently a certain amount of
bitterness was engendered against them
in the socialists of other natlona, a bitterness whioh the outbreak of war fanned into a positive hatred on the part of
many erstwhile rank revolutionists and
anti-revolutionists, particularly among
t'io Belgians and French ,and in the
case of men like Herve, "The man
without a country." And the heat of
this haired on Herve'a part haa warped
hia judgment so that he even lambasts
the Welsh ooal miners for daring to
strike under present circumstances.
General Strike Idea
Whether the general atrike Would
have proved an effective weapon against
war still remains an open question. The
opportunity has come and gone, and
found us unprepared; andl wo can only
hopo that it will never eome again.
Where the principle of the general
strike hae been tested, however, in certain industries, and Industrial groups,
and in the suffrage instance in Belgium,
it haa shown itself to be a powerful
weapon, and one worthy of more consideration, particularly on the part of political groups,, than it has heretofore obtained.
When Hell Laughed.
True to their declarations, when their
ruling olass sounded the toosin in an offensive war for the purpose of defenoe,
the German workingmen swarmed to the
colors without a murmur, what few
waverers there were being swept off
the! r feet and their voices drowned in
the irresistible rush. While doubts may
have existed about the possibility of deception on the part of their rulers in
presenting the faats of the cue, aa Bis-
morck had deceived them by a forged
telegram in tta Franco-Prussian wir,
To Ask Premier to  Grant
Tax Time Extension
For Unemployed
Delegates  to  the  Trades
Congress Instructed
on Immigration
Last meeting of Victoria Trades and
Labor council waa well attended, with
President Wells in the chair.     , -
To Extend thl Time
A good deal of discussion resulted in
the opinion that should the provincial
government decide to grant the request
which will be made by the Civic Retrenchment association to the effect
that legislation be enacted providing
that the time for redemption of lands
belonging to men on active service and
sold for taxes at any tax sale held thiB
year be extended for not less than two
years from the termination of thhe war,
the same extension should be granted to
industrial workers whose homes may
be sold.
It was also decided to appeal to
Sir Bichard McBride te take this
phase of the question into consideration
when the matter ie 'before the executive council.
Immigration After the War
Another matter which the council
discussed was that pertaining to immigration after the war. It was referred
to a committee composed of Messrs.
Wells, Sivertz and* Day, who will attend the forthcoming. annual sessions
of the Tradea and Labor congress at
Vancouver as delegates from the Victoria oounoil..
No Band for Him
A report waa received to the effect
that no civic funds would be expended
in connection with tho forthcoming reception to be tendered by the eity to
the visiting head in Western Canada
of the Salvation Army, and this attitude of thhe oity wai approved by the
The boiler makers reported that everything possible had been done to see
that men received proper treatment on
the work of construction of the oil
tanks at Maclaughlln Point.
Widow's Oompenutlon.
Notification waa received from Hon.
Thomas Taylor that the compensation
paid to the widow of the late Mr, Jones
who was killed while engaged on work
on the former Indian Reserve, was
$1,000. The Trades and Labor committee waa thanked for assistance given in
the matter.
Other items of business Included the
need of Improved bathing facilities at
the Gorge and reports from various
delegatea dealing with local trade condltlona.
The revelations which followed on the eoal mine disaster at
South Wellington February 9th last were such as The Federationist
considered made it incumbent upon the provincial government to
prosecute Mr. Thomas Graham, chief inspector of mines.
Oovernment Will Prosecute ■, ■ -.
The announcement is now made that-this is to be done. Mr.
J. H. Tonkin, manager of the Western Fuel company, Nanaimo, is
also to be prosecuted. In the case of Mr. Graham, the reasons why
we considered the government should take the action it has done,
have been fully set forth in these columns. The case is now sub ju-
dice, and outside tho scope of legally justified comment. Trade
unionists should follow the case closely, bearing in mind the important interest which it has for suoh a large aeotion of the working
class as the miners.
Following Mr. Justice Murphy's Report
The step taken by Attorney-General Bowser as the representative
of the government was decided upon after full consideration by the
Executive Council of the report of Mr. Justice Murphy, who was
commissioned to investigate the cause of and responsibility for the
accident that occurred on February 9,1915, in the No. 1 slope of the
South Wellington coal mine, resulting in the loss of 19 lives. The
charge is manslaughter.
The commission was issued to Mr. Justice Murphy on May 29
last, ahd the investigation was held at Nanaimo on the Sth, 6th and
7th of July. '    '
What the Beport Says
Mr. Justice Murphy's report says in part:
The responsibility for the South Wellington disaster on
Mr. Graham's part is, however, purely negative. He is'to blame
not for what he did but for What, he did) not do and what his
official position made it his duty to do. Mr. Tonkin played the
active role. With the full knowledge that Mr. Graham was
leaving everything to him, that he, Mr. Tonkin, proposed to-remove the 100-foot barrier wall right up to the boundary and
then turn and run west direotly towards the supposed location
the old! Southfield workings again, to his knowledge long-abandoned and partly filled with water, and with the,further
knowledge which he must have had as manager that water was
freely flowing into the South Wellington No. 3 Noijth level
three hundred feet, from the faoe, which; water
might be from a surface swamp and might be—as turned
out to be the fact—from the old Southfield workings, fully
aware in addition that error meant death in all human probability to many miners, what did he do 1 He proceeded to South
Wellington to inspect the data and come to a decision; (he did
not reside at the mine, but visited it once a week). He was
aware that at Nanaimo, four and a half miles distance,1 the original map of the Southfield workings was open to inspection in
the offices of the Western Fuel Company. Instead of obtaining
it, he had Wright, produce, he says, exhibits 3, 4, and 7—
Wright says exhibits 3 and 1—superimpose them, and on this
he decided. The main fact in this connection is that Mr. Tonkin knew he could have access to the original Southfield map
at the offlce of the Western Fuel company at Nanaimo, four
and a half miles distant. Instead, he used copies, and copies
which on their faoe, considering the problem being deoidted,
ought to have aroused suspicion. On him, in my opinion,
rests the direct primary responsibility for the accident.
The case will attract a good deal of intereat from trade unionists
in particular, and the public generally, by reason of the recent
trouble in the coal mining districts, and the terrible disaster at
South Wellington.
"jlmmi«" Simpson Will Spook.
"Jlmmle" Simpson of Toronto will
speak in the First Presbyterian church,
corner of Gore and Hastings on Sunday
evening, September 19th, the evening
preceding the opening of the Congress
convention, at the regular service.
Coming Hen for Miners.
The BrltlBh government has appointed Thomas Cape of the Cumberland
Miners' association and Mr. Baird of
Scotland as representing the mine-
owners to visit British Columbia- at nn
early date' for the purpose of enlisting
miners' to come over.
(Continued oa I
All duly accredited delegates to Vancouver Trades
and Labor council should
make a special effort to be in
their places at the regular
meeting noxt Thursday evening. It will be the last
session before the big convention sf Trades and Labor
congress of Canada. It is
expeoted that by that time
the executive council of the
congress, and' those delegates
chosen to be the resolutions
committee, will be here and
most likely some or all of
them will be at the council
meeting. For that reason
alone it is desirable to have
a good attendance to hear
the short addresses which
will likely be made by the
visitors. It will be one
among the rest of the opportunities for west and eaat to
get a good look at; and more
closely acquainted with each
Working   Class   Progress
Must Be General Or
Is Impermanent
Neglected Opportunities Responsible for Some
What organized labor needs most is
self-consciousness. Its individual members,, says San Francisco Bulletin,
should think of themselves as parts of
an individuality greater thaa themselves. Their sympathies should be as
broad as the world. There should be
no boundaries and no jurisdictions in
their minds. They need to realize, as
we all do, that no progress can bo attained through tho solf-centered ambition of individuals. The world goes for*
ward group by group, race by raco, not
man by man. High wages are not permanent unless all wages are high. Liberty is Bafe nowhere unless it is safe
Mm Progress hy Mass
Organized labor can hardly be blamed for the incompleteness of it's organization and of its sympathies. Masses of
men progress as rapidly as masses of
men can progress, and it is probably
events and conditions beyond their control which decide whether they shall
have the speed of a river or only the
speed of a glacier. Thore is ample basis for optimism in tho evidence that
workingmen are beginning, howover,
slowly, to gain control of tho world.
A fow hundred yoars ago English
law, which is the fussy old grandfather
of American law, prescribed maximum
wages for workingmen, forbade them
to wear clothing costing more than a
fixed Bum per yard, ond prevented
them from going from town to town in
search of work.
It has not been a hundred years since
workingmen were Indicted ln the United States for conspiring to raise wages.
But during the recent session of congress conservative publications complained bitterly that worklngman's representatives sat tn the galleries of congress and by their silent presence co
erced aongress into legislating In their
Part ln Govinimint
Labor la thus well enough organized
to take part in government. Tet lawa
are but a small portion of its possible
gain. It needs to turn baok toward Its
internal problems. The two million union working men and workingwomen,
should come to a better understanding
with af least tweaty million others of
all ages and sexes, representing the
great body of the nation, who oan fairly be called working people. Could
such an understanding be brought about militancy would   be   -unnecessary.
. . . Labor haB been hard pressed
because it has not msde use of all the
power at its disposal. Its main problem now Ib to organize and to co-operate, and not to fight.
Many trado unionists from Calgary
have enlisted in tho army, Among the
officers of the Trades and Labor council and .of the city unions who have enlisted are George Howell, former secretary of tho Trades and Labor council
F. A. Bngley, district officer of tho
eleventh district, American Federation
of Musiciana, who iB now a captain with
tho 82nd battalion! C. B. Smiles, of tho
Fourth Field, member of the district
council; J. Ward, secretary of tho
Stone-cutters' union; E. ,T. Attwood,
secretnry of tbe Brewery Workers' union; W. A. Leggott nnd 0. D. Joiner,
members of tho Musicians' union; C. B.
Smiles, president of the Brotherhood of
Carpenters, who went away with the
first contingent and is new a prisoner in
Germauy; Alex. Melville, formerly re*
cordlag'secrotary of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters, who is now sergeant in the Fourth Field Troop Engineers; Charles Spaulding, of the Un-
it»d Brotherhood of Carpenters, killed
while servlag with the Princess Patricias; H. Chapman, formerly secretary of the Carpenters' union, now with
tho Army Medical corps; G. Pilkinton,
formerly secretary of the Trades and
Labor council, with the Army Modical
Corps; Jack Currle, formerly director of
the Lnbor Temple compiny, and a member of the Plasterers' union, now with
the 31st battalion at Shorncliffe; W.
Finlay, former secretary of the Structural Ironworkerrs' union; J. W. Jen*
kinson, former secretary of the Plumbers and ' Steamfltters' union; T.
O'Brien, lat'e warden of the Trades and
Labor council; W. J. Dyson, a former
president of the Trades and Labor council, and G. Squires, former seeretsry of
the Bookbinders; W. Emmery, of tho
Machinists' union, and W. 0. Henderson, of the United Brotherhood of Car*
Increased Cost of Living Is
Responsible in Almost
Every Case
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Publishes Information  ,
Little Known    •
Beyond the. reoent colliery strike in
Wales, aad the Krupp atrike in Germany, the general publie is unaware
that France has been disturbed by labor troubles at all, or that Germany
and Great Britain have suffered any
Unrest ln Prance
It ia stated by the Monthly Beiew,
a new publication of the United States
Bureau of Labor Statistics, thit in
France between January and April of
this year no less than fifteen strikes
and three lockouts were brought to the
attention of the Minister du Travail,
and of these four succeeded, five were
compromised1, and line failed. The
chief cause was a demand for increase
in wages. One strike, the most serious
lasted nearly two months. All the
strikes occurred in industries producing war supplies.
Germany Hu Others
In Germany, between August, 1014,
and last Maroh, flfty-two labor disputes
arose, involving altogether* 10,218 workmen. Again, the question of wages was
the chief cause. But these strikes were
not largely supported by the unions,
Twenty-six of them were settled by
conciliation, presumably through the
Great Britain Leads
Great Britain has been the most
prolific in labor troubles since the war.
Between January and May no less than
labor disputes have diaturbed the
country. Workingmen affected numbered 100,693. Over two-thirds of these
strikes were caused by the demand
for incr'ease in wages. Engineering
and textile trades suffered most severely from strikes.
Living Oost Among Causes.
One of the great factors provoking
these strikes Is the high cost of liv*
ing. The Monthly Bevtew gives some
interesting facts about war prices. It
is stated that throughout Europe the
flrst effect of tho war was a sharp rise
tn prices, due to panic and uncertainty,
which was followed within a fortnight
by a drop, though not to the pre-bellum
level. Thereafter, fluctuations in prices
have oeourred in most food products
with a steady upward tendency. But
strange to say, potatoes and meat have
shown a uniform low level. Flour, on
other hand, has undergone decided
Bantu Food Cheaper.
In Bussla, where the war shut off
exportation to, foreign markets, the
price actually fell and has remained
low ever since. But in Germany and
Great Britain, the price of wheat-flour
has increased steadily 34 per cent, in
the former country and 33 per cent in
the latter. It must.be borne in mind
that all-important bread prlcea almost
always follow those of wheat-flour. In
Vienna the price increased 82 per cent.,
which caused starvation among . the
poor of the oity and led to the troubles
reported last winter.
Queensland Unionists Oppose Oompul
sory Military Service.
At the Brisbane, Queensland, industrial council, the matter of conscription
was recently discussed. The question
was raised as to how tho peoplo stood
in regard to tho mntter, and it was condemned in no mistnkonblo wny. The
members of the council snid that conscription would not ba entortained in
any shape or form, and If it woro Introduced, would meet with the most strenuous opposition.
Two Will Not Mix.
As ono member rightly Baid, "wo
cannot stand for industrial unionism
and conscription at tho same time. We
should revolt against it as the Welsh
miners did." Another member snid
that the mon who mnde the guns today,
might have them trained against them
when tho wnr was over unless tho matter wob decided once and for all.
It has been decided to circularize all
unions in Australia to get their opinion
on the matter. After this the matter
will bo laid beforo the Commonwealth
Many OM • time Unionist!
and Vancouverites
Were There
"mom" simpson
Who will speak it the First Presbyterian Church (Dr. Fraaer 'i) in
Sunday evening, September 19th,
in lien of thi regular service
WIU Keep Military Members ln Good
The Vancouver Letter Carriers met
on Friday, Sept. Srd, is Labor Temple,
a moderate number of members being
present. One new member wai inltiat*
ed. Preeldent Watters of the Tradei
and Labor Congress of Canada addressed the meeting. The following resolution wu unanimously adopted:
Siturdiy Hilf-HoUdiy.
"Whereu, a Urge majority of the
letter carriers of the Dominion government hu enjoyed, and have been bene*
fitted by the establishment of a half-
holiday on Saturday afternoons during
the months of July and August, and
"Whereu, there are certain other
letter carrion not on actual street delivery who have not- been granted the
wish of the people of the Dominion of
anada, to enjoy these privileges. Be it
"That we, the Trades and Labor
CongresB of Canada, representing organized labor, urge upon the postjnast-
er-general to grant an extension of the
Saturday half-holiday to ill grade men
classlfled u letter carriers, whose duties do not call for being on actual
street delivery, ind,
"Be It further reeolved,
"Thit the postmuter-general extend
to all grade men who ue paid on i per
diem buls ind graded similar to letter
carriers, namely, panel post porters,
porters, collectors ind messengers, thi
privileges of the' Saturday half-holl*
Ply Soldiers' Dues, Etc.
A motion to piy the beneficiary as
sessmenls, u well u the association
dues, of all members who have, or may
join the colors, wu passed after eon*
siderable discussion. The next meeting
will be held on Friday, Oct. 1st, when
the report of delegates to the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada will be
received. B is your duty to attend.*
Agreement with Company Signed up—
Convention September 13th
The amended award of the recent
board of investigation, as givon verbatim in our last Issue, wu formally ac-
jted by the street railwaymen by referendum vote lut Friday. On Saturday the agreement with the B. C. Electric Railway eompany was signed up.
P. A. Hoover Goes But
Mr. F. A. Hoover, business-agent of
the streot railwaymen, left last Tuesday evening for Bochcster, New Tork,
to attend tho convention of thhe Amalgamated Association of Street end Electric Railway Employees which meets
September 13th.
A gentleman is often a man who gets
corns on his hands from watching other peoplo work.
W. P. of M. Unions Bevive
The activity in metnl mining in British Columbia hns revived many* of tha
locnl unions of the Western Federation
of Miners, and it ih likely thnt some
of them will have delegates at tho con-
gross convention a week next Monday.
A snob li merely a pathetic person
who is trying to get Into society by
the wrong door.
Typos of Okanagan and District Assembled at
Our next issue will be a
special convention number of eight pages printed on
hook paper, and resembling
previous "specials" which
we have issued from time to
time and) with which readers
are familiar. It will contain
besides a number of features
articles, a chronological review of the Trades and Labor congress of Canada and
its activities over a course of
many years, from'which a
comprehensive knowledge
on that subject can be obtained. Photographs of
many of thhe more active
men in the labor movement
of the dominion will also appear, and a number of other
illustrations of topical and
particular interest. This edition will take the place of
our "regular" nc*tt week,
and will,, we believe, be
found of much intereat to
(By B. B. CampbeU.)
Labor Diy proved to be oae of unusual Interest 'to thl printers of thl
Okanagan who, foe the put thru yun, '
hive held on thlt diy a joint meeting
of the memben of Virion Typographical union wtth Kelowni u a central
point it which to eongregite. Thli yen
the Vernon memben wen of oplaioi
thit thl charter town, in view of tta
lumber of prlnten in the mobilieatloa '
camp, wu the proper plue for i gith-
ering, u It would alio afford in opportunity for thi Bevelstoke membere to
ittend. Wiyi md menu wire considered and i recommendation made thit
the union piy transportation, thu
equalizing the expense for then attending. Invitations were seat out for Sunday, Sept. 5, in thl hope of a complete
round-up of thl membera of thl jurti-
diction, Bevelstoke to Hedley, ind olio
of the soldier typos of whom thl names
of sixteen had bun secured, though ill
ire not now on the utive list.
Busineu ind Plumrs.
Plans did not fully materialise, however, for upon arrival of the trains it
was found that two memben from Pen-
ticton, J. C. Hanley and B. B. Rogers,
were the only ones from outside thi
elty to respond to the nil.
The adjourned regular meeting wu
called to order it 8 o'clock, ud ln order that ill oould tike put, thl credentials committee ind sergeant at-anu
were dispensed with, and free discussion of all points raised wu indulged ia
by visitors and memben alike.
Amongst the busineu before tha
meeting wu the adoption -of I scale to
run for three years, the preunt igrw
ments expiring October 31st. No change
wu made in the expiring scale of *4*60
per d^y (8 houn) oa the floor, ud (5
per day, 7% houn, on machines, with
SO centa additional In tuh eon for
sight work.
Provision ia alio made for apprentices. The question of priority of journeymen accepting machine apprenticeship was discussed at length, and resulted in the adoption of Vancouver
law u offering the most inducement to
all members to become operaton by
granting the option of returning to former position on tho floor or taking the
foot of list on maohine at expiration of
apprenticeship.        >
Notice of motion wu also given to
amend the law in regard to offlee apprentices placing them as lut sub. instead of flrst as at present. It wu expected that. Representative Trailer
would have been present to report on t
T. U. eonvention, but he not having returned, a written report was submitted.
For Monday morning all were invited
to again gather and take part ln u
automobile drive and picnic.
Thi Soclil Side.
Arriving at the appointed plue, thl
boys were unanimous that this record!
get-together would not be complete
without a souvenir photo, eo a photographer was summoned and a picture
taken of the party occupying three antes and with the most appropriate
background of the city water wagon, or
sprinkler, which wu called into line.
Leaving the city, a trip was made
round the famous Coldstream orchard!,
thence paat Knlnmnlkn lake and on te
Okanagan lake, where a suitable campling ground was found and picnic luncheon partaken of prior to tho "departure
of tho Pontloton visitors on tho afternoon boat, after which tho remeinder
of tho party returned to town on thl
northbound train, all voicing tha opinion that it had been a most enjoyable
gathering. ,
Muy Old-Timers Thin.
The guests included C. F. Burkhart,
an old-time printer, but now a member
of the Barber'a union, and former seoretary of Vancouver local, now residing
in Vernon, and who took great Interest
in the prceedlngs; J. V. Jones, F. B,
Fleming, J. Boss, W. Murdock, Alex.
McLoan and James McLean, all of
Vancouver Typo, union; G. B. Northey,
bandmuter ot tho 02nd, and now hailing from Vancouver, though not engaged at the printing trade since leaving
the Lardeau some pears ago; W. H.
Mlnton, of Fernle; E. Murray and A.
R. Hllller, now with the soldiers but
formerly of Penticton and Revelstoko
resptcelvely and affiliated with Vernon
union. In addition to the above, then
are in camp "Hoot Mon" Stuart of >
Nelson, on leave visiting Vancouver;
Pete Qrennon, of Cranbrook; Percy
Rushton, of New Westminster. As new
recruits are continually arriving, thl
local typos would be pleued te register
any new arrivals belonging te the craft PAGE TWO
.SEPTEMBER 10,1015
96 Branches in Cuoda
A general banking business transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
Published every Friday morning by tbe B. 0.
Fedeutloni&t. Limited
H.  Perm  Pettlplece Manager
J. W. Wilkinson Editor
Office:   Boom 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange Soymonr 7485
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital - - • I 11-M0-00
Reserve      12,600,000
Totll Allltl 180,000,000
One   Dollar will   open
the locount, md your
buiineu   will   be   welcome   be   It    Urge   or     -
. .141.000.000
Out of Every
some portion ihould be banked
regularly, either u security
against the proverbial rainy day
or u i foundation to future prosperity. »1.00 will o^en an ae-
count ln The Bank of Toronto,
and interest la idded half-yearly
to the balances on deposit.
Paid-up Capitol.. ..16,000,000
Reserved Funds 16,307,278
Corner Hutlngi ind Cambie Sta.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock and
Poultry. British Oolumbli
Grants Preemptions of 160 urea
to Aetual Settlers—
TERMS—Residence on the land
for it leut thru years; Improvements to the extent of (I pr
lore; bringing under cultivation
at leut Ive aeres.
For further information apply to
Subscription:   (1.50 per year; ln Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, 91.00
Now Westminster,  .. W. E. Maiden, Box 084
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 581
Victoria A. S. Welle, Box 1586
Affiliated with the Western Labor Press
'Unity of Labor: the Hope of tf World."
now   practically   complete,   and
everything in order for the convention, and tho reception of the delegates, who should begin to arrive to-
wnrds   the   end   of
A the   coming   weok.
All doubt aa to the
WEEK numerical buccbbb of
MORE; the gathering ia set
at rest by the list
of those who will como growing bigger
oach day. With that part assured vanishes the last argument of the pessimists who foretold that the industrial
depression and the war combined would
spell failure to any plan for holding the
convention here.
The deliberations of the gathering
will have to do with proDlems graver
than have ever been debated in the annual meetings of the Congress. Indeed,
in future years, this convention will be
seen in its proper perspective as an historical one, coming at a time when the
beat brains the labor movement could
assemble were needed to meet new and
unprecedented difficulties. If by force
of circumstances it had turned out to be
impossible to get together a sufficiently
large and representative gathering, Buch
a thing would have been a tragedy
from'the standpoint of the future of
labor in Canada.
"When emergencies arise—and
they arise frequently—assistance
can always be Bccured by means
of the tolephone. It iB right at
your hand, ready for service day
or night.
It may be the doctor has to be
summoned and, if so, no time
need be lost'. Help may bo needed from yonr neighbor, from the
police—rely on the telephone.
The telephone is the greatest
of all domestic utilities. What
is the cost, compared to the security and Bense of relief in
knowing that the means of -in-
stunt communication iB available
at any  time!
THE SPECTACLE of a number of
worklngman arguing before a
tribunal of their  fellow-beings
that,' because   a  certain   amount   of
money to requisite to buy the bare necessities of life, they
ABOUT       v  '    Me confle(!ueDtly en*
-  titled to that amount
ARBITRATION   ^ money   fw  thflip
BOARDS vva% ia not a very
'pleasant thing to
watch, for thoBe whose thoughts are
prone to philosophising on the inner
meaning of things. Yet, reduced to
plain fact, that is what most industrial
arbitration proceedings amount to.
It is humiliating. And most labor
union officials who today are entrusted
with that work feel it to be so. Many
of them are conversant with economic
axiom which defines wages as the cost
of the commodities necessary to reproduce the labor power of the worker, so
that tonforrow ho may be in fit mental
and physical condition to produce values for his employer equal to those
which he produced yesterday.
[       »       *       e       a
And when the same official finds himself charged with the practical duty of
using all his wits and persuasive power
to secure that, it is not calculated to increase his respect for the economic order which places the workers in such a
position. But just ao long as natural
resources, and the machinery whereby
they are converted into things necessary
and useful to the daily life of men are
in the hands of private persons for the
primal purpose of making profits for
them, this condition of things will continue.
•        •        •        •
When the worker receives the value of
the product of his labor power, instead
of the value of his labor power—as expressed by the things needed to reproduce it—then thore will be no need for
arbitration boards, to determine the
bare cost of subsistence, and say that
should be tho wngeB of a workman.
But instead of that, they invest their
property in the war, and sit back in the
confidence that their money is protected
by the most gilt edged promise in the
field of investment—the promise of the
the ordinary common dozy donkey, is generally considered to
be one of the stupidest of all laving
things.   But he can always find somebody  to   give   him
EDWARD *00* an^ 8ae^er *n
return for his labor.
W0ULD Canyon*  But then,
NOT DO IT. of eourae, the don
key has no vote. If
he had, it is doubeful if he
would use it to continue a scheme
of things which did not even recognize
his right to eat until his carcass had
previously been made to produce values
about five times the worth of his food.
of bewildering proportions. Only
the Interest can be paid, and to
do even that it will be necessary to increase taxation enormously. Unless tho
debts are repudiated, they will Btlll be
owing for generations after the actual property loaa
caused by the war
has beon replaced. A war debt is aim-
ply a device by whlcn certain persona
advance money, taking in exchange a
perpetual mortgage on the property of
a nation.
•      •      •      •
The intereBt on a war debt ia a constant claim on the productive capacity
of a nation, and under the arrangement
by which taxation ia passed on to thoBe
least able to pay, it finishes up at last
on tho shoulders of the working clasB.
They may not pay in actual money, but
| they pay in arrested progress unless
they revolt and make the propertied
cIubb ahirk the debt.
A war debt Ib possible because no.
government ever dareB to impoae a tax
heavy enough to pay for the war as it
goes olong. If such a tax were put on,
the rich, who would have to pay the
greater part of it, would howl that it
was blood-sucking and confiscation. If
it could be imposed, there would be no
more wars, because each war would
wipe out property of the ruling class.
IT IS A HABIT of the average man,
to go to places whore he will hear
thinga said which are pleasing to
him, and to buy reading matter which
expresses ideas and sentiments which
conincide    with    his
own.   It is also true
of  men  allied  with
some    movement   or
STAGNATION      otheri   They follow
their own procession
most   of  the  time,  and  do  not   devote as much attention to the activities of those opposed to them as they
should do.   The result is, that when the
time comes for open fight, they are not
as well informed about their opponent
as they might be. ■
# *     #     *   *
Yet, previous to that, they are fully
convinced that the consistent enthusiasm of their own group ia evidence of
the progresB of their propaganda. If
they only knew it, the truth often is
that they are not much more than a
mutual admiration society, operating
unconsciously along the lines of least
resistance for the same reason that
many men and moements follow that
line—because it is pleasant. Just for
experiment', attend the regular meetinga of the adherents of almost any
movement engaged in propaganda work
as they call it, and careful observation
will disclose the fact that pretty nearly
the same people attend all the time.
• *    *     »   *
Of course they enjoy themselves. But
it is not propagation. It is stagnation,
Lots of these people, who profess to be
out to fight something or other because
they believe it to be wrong, would look
with horror on the suggestion that they
should attend a meeting, or buy a paper or book from which they could get
the arguments of the other side. The
working class is no exception to this
weakness. In most cases, the various
sections in it, which are each working
in their own way for its advancement,
stay pretty close to home, and do not
go much out of their way to become
conversant with the views of the others.
But it won't work, No man can go
through life properly with one eye
shut, and the other looking into a mirror moat of the time.
to apply leBBons learned, so effectively
that they can really control the militarist mania, and prevent the repetition
of the horrors which nre Blinking the
political fabric of Europe to its very
foundations to-day? If they expect to
do that, how do they propose to go
about it', unless they secure the co-operation of the working class in the most
militaristic of all the warring countries)
#     *     *     t«
The first approaches will no doubt be
a trifle frosty, and some of the more impetuous may.be inclined to recrimination. But it may just as well be decided
first as lust that the working class of
Europe, when it takes up the broken
threads of its own affairs again, will
either go forward as an united body, or
backward ub a disorderly mob. No
doubt these paper makers feel in deadly
earnest on this exclusion idea juat now.
« # * # a
,But when the carnage iB over, it will
most likely be found that the pressure
of economic circumstances will make
more internationalism and solidarity
than they want at this time, a matter
of absolute necessity) unless they are
prepared to assist the workerB into
economic and political oblivion. When
the world really gets time to think
again, a lot 'of people will not know
what to think about the way thoy have
been thinking during the last year or
bo. And they are not all in Britain or
Germany,-or France, or Russia either.
Labor organizations are charged with
bias and exaggeration when they say
anything about the Oriental labor problem.     So let the other fellow say a
word.    The Dominion Creosoting company Bent a letter to the civic board of
works thia week in which it says:
Every mill on the coast employs
Oriental labor to a far greater extent than wo have ever done.
It's nice to got such weighty testimony from those who know.
i There ib talk of making the bosa of
the Chinese revolution king of that
country. Is this one of the secret conditions in the recently made agreement
with Japan? It would not be tlie first
time a powerful outside nation had
stepped into the affairs of another to
give its form of government a more autocratic name. Contagious and contiguous sound a good deal alike and have
much in common.
Oh shucks! Quit your knocking.   Get
in and boost.   Or go out and die.
No city in all Canada has had a worse
gruelling of - unemployment than Calgary.
Motto of the author of 'fThe Age of
Unreason "—The world is my country.
To make money is my religion.
State-wide prohibition went into effect in Georgia July 1st last.   Every saloon and dispensary was closed.    The
following day the Btate legislature of
Georgia passed the following rule:
"No member shall be permitted
on the floor of the house while in
an intoxicated condition, and the
doorkeeper  is directed to keep a
close watch and eject   any   member who is intoxicated.''
Why!  But there, they do auch funny
things ih Georgia.  It is moral to lynch
a Jew, or negroes, but it is wrong to
drink beer.
An earthquake was recorded this
week in Victoria. There is another due
about provincial election time.
The eminently theological mind Beema
to be a quantity strenuously trained to
believe the incredible.
IT HAS COME OUT in the report of
the Ontario commission on unem-
ent, that in 1914, no less
than 70,000 people were unemployed
for IS weeks at least. Upon a modest
computation each
worker would have
three persona dependent upon bim.
STORY That   means   more
than 200, 000 people
for nearly four months la the year
were without meana of livlihood except
such as the grudging hand of charity
might give.
«      «'      •      *
But that la not all. The 70,000
workmen with their dependents, do not
include those in building and other
seasonal trades, in which unemployment
ia inevitable during a large part of the
year. The commissioners agreed to the
statement that there are at leaat 83
idle duya in the year in the building
tradea. That figure was put in by the
provincial bureau of labor, so there is
no danger of it being exaggerated.
Tbe report, with true capitalist ring,
says industry needs a "reeerve" of labor. Just bo. To keep tKoBe who are
employed, in tho atate of mind where
they can be forced to accept Buch conditions us are offered out of fear of
losing thoir jobB.
If the government had disciplined
some of its mining officials long ago,
as the miners requested, and aa the government should have done on the evidence submitted, it might not have
been necessary to prosecute aome of
them now.
THOSE PAPER MAKERS in England, who want a new international organization of the trado
unionists of Europe, with the specific
exclusion of the workers of Germany
nnd Austria, might
juat as well take
.things easily for a
while, so far aB that
OUT matter   goes.     Feel
ing is running very
high just now. Nobody or anything is
normal. But when they become so, it
may very well come about that second
thoughts will sanction a modification of
first ones.
•     *     *     •
Supposing nil that has been said
about tho Touton proletariat iB true—
and in order to get along with the argument we will not aay it isn't—just
because the rest of the working class
refuse^ to have anything to do with
them, would not by any means annihilate them. It might make them a little worse perhaps. Certninly if they
could be kept permanently sore towards
the rest of the workers of Europe it
would suit the German militarists and
junkers very well.
And prny what' iB it the working class
of Europe—including our friends the
paper makers—hope to do about it all
after this war ii over?   Do they hope
Have you elected your delegates to
the Congreaa f If not, get busy. Remember the five foolish virgins. Be
juat—in time—and fear not.
Thoae who think the labor movement
is dead will have the chance of viewing a pretty lively corpse the week
after next'.
The terrors of Toronto; tbe mentors
of Montreal; the wise ones of Winnipeg; the Solona of Saskatchewan; and
the international heavy weights, will
all be there.   Come and see 'em alive.
The Vancouver Sun calls attention to
the large number of crows to be seen
in the city. Our contemporary jplwaya
did have a weakness for posing aa a
martyr to the cawa.
Premier McBride. ia atlll "earnestly
considering" measures for the relief of
the unemployed. Before he makes a
decision he is likely to be included in
that category himself.
If the labor movement did npt have
its dull times like most other human
institutions, some people would never
have a happy spell.
There haa hardly been a aingle dollar'a worth of war supplies purchased
for the Canadian contingents which has
not had to be made the subject of government inquiry. Business as usual.
Patriotism in public and speculation on
the aide.
Remember you small unions, who
think you may not have enough members to entitle you to a delegato at the
congress convention, that "Two or
more trade unions, whose aggregate
membership does not exceed 150, may
unite and send one delegate."
Bocauae a lot of people in Europe
wiah to kill each other, a lot of people
in America have got a job.' In many
places there are so many jobs, that supplying the means of death to Europe ia
enabling' many thousands of workmen
to make a Btand for better conditiona
of life. So, aa things go, is one man's
death another man'a lifef ,.
The hard and intricate road to peace
continues to be tested in the belligerent
countries. The suggestion of possible
negotiationa for ending the war made
by the editor of the London Economist
in reproduced by the Berlin Voasiche
Zeitung, and meeta with no scorn, Comments of a conditibnlesa peace imposed
by a triumphant victor are*no longer
We rend in the Victoria Colonist
The provincial government, after
long and careful consideration, haa
felt' obliged to decline to act upon
the suggestions made by a committee of citizens to the offect that
work should be provided for the
This will be n great shock to those
who romember the paat benevolence of
the government in this connection.
Business Ab Usual.
Says the Toynbee "Record," England: "Clothing contractors for the
army are paid 28s. by the War Offlce
for every greatcoat; the contractor
spends 17s. 8d. on material, and pays
the sub-contractor 3s. 3d. for making
up. The sub-contractor pays 2s. 3%d.
in wages, and makes a profit of ll%d,
The contractor makea a profit of 7s. Id,
—three times the anlount paid in wages
—for passing on the order to the subcontractor."   Business as usual!
More Delegates Elected to Congress
Last Wednesday
The regular meeting of the New
Westminster Trades and Labor council
Inst Wednesday night was about the
shortest on record, although there was
an average attendance there was very
little business to do, The reports of
unions showed there was very little
change since last meeting in the state
of employment, certainly no improvement.
Owing to tbe important nature of the
coming Trades and Labor congress convention it was decides! to send two additional delegates, and W, Yates and
H. S. Walsh were elected which makea
three in all from the council.
AU Machinists Busy.
There are no machinists unemployed
in Winnipeg at the present time, according to the business agent of the Machinists ' union there. Ordera for munitions of war ere keeping every lathe
in every Winnipeg shop working at
high pressure, and a large number of
the men are how able to put in quite
a lot of overtime.
War Work Brings Dispute. Labor Department Gets Busy.
A board of conciliation has been appointed to inveatigate and report upon
the dispute between the Novia Scotia
Steel company of New Glasgow, N. S.,
and the Eastern Car ompuny of Trenton, N.8., and a subsidiary concern of
the former, and .their employees. Wages
and other matters are the trouble. This
concern is busy on war orders.
The parties named their representative who could not agree upon a
chairman, and the minister of labor has
appointed Judge Contsworth of Toronto,
to act.
The other members of the board will
bo R. H. Murray, barrister of Halifax,
representing the men, and B. A. Weston, barrister of Halifax, representing
the company.
A board of conciliation has also been
appointed in connection with another
Novia Scotia dispute.
Wages is the chief trouble between
the Intercolonial Coal Mining company
of Westervlllo, and their employees.
Tho men applied for the board. Judge
W. B. Wallaco of Halifax, will bo
chairman. Controller John Mackeen of
Hnlifnx, will represent the company,
and Simon Lott of Pictou, tho men.
■ A. F. of L, Jap. Delegate.
MesBra. B. Susukl and S. Yoshimatsu,
officials of the organized labor movement in Japan, who will attend this
year's A. F. of L. convention at San
Francisco aa fraternal delegates, havo
arrived in America, and are now studying labor conditions on the Pacific
coast. They attended the printers' convention in Los Angoles, nnd will attend
the California State Federation of
Labor convention and other gatherings.
Assayers Chemists
&S. Eldridge & Co.
We guarantee accuracy
of our results.
Cave Bidt.   Vancouver, B. C.
Westminster trust Co.
J. J. JONES, Man. Director.
J. A. RENNIE, Sec-Trees.
at a Big: Reduction ,
Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent at 92.60 up
Wills Drawn Free of Charge
Deposits Accepted and Interest at Four Per Cent. Allowed
on Daily Balances.
Allied Printing Tradei Council—R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Barbara—8. H. Grant, 1801 7th Avenue W.
Bartenden—H. Davis, Box 424.
Blacksmiths — Malcolm Porter, View
Hill P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderojr, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue eut.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1181 Howe St.
Brewery Worken—Chaa. CI. Austin, 732 7th
Ave. Eaat.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Room
216, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpentera District Counoll—F, L, Barratt. Room 209, Labor Tem*
pU.   ,
Clgarmakers—Care Kurti Cigar Faotory, 72
Water Stnet.
Cooka, Walten, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 206, Ltbor Temple.
Eleotrleal Worken (outside)— E. H. Herri-
son, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical Workeri (Inside)—Room 207; F.
L, Estinghausen.
Engineers—E. Prendergaat, Boom 910, Ls<
bor Temple,
Granite <jutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment Worken—Labor Temple.
Horseshoers—Labor Temple.
Lettercarriera—Robt.  Wight,  District 68.
Laboren—George Harriion, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Locomotive Firemen and Engineers—O. Howard, 607 Davie atreet.
Loco Engineers—L. T, fiolloway, 1167 Har-
wood.    Tel. Sey. 1348R.
Longshoremen—J.  Q Kelly, 10 Powell Street
Mai-nliiluts—J, H. McVety, Room 211,
Labor Temple,
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Rooms 804-805,
Labor Temple,
Moving Picture Operators—L. E, Goodman, Labor Temple.
Pninters—Room 803, Labor Temple ■
Plumbers—Room 206 1-2, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour '8611.
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—John James Cornish, 1809
Eleventh Ave. East.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell. 4869 Argyle Street,
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, oare
Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A E. McCorvlIlt,
Box 243.
Railway carmen—A. Robb, 420 Nelson
Seamen's  Union—
Structural Iron Worken—Room 208, Lsbor
Stonecutters—James Rayburn, P. O. Box
Sheet Hetal Worken.
Stnet Railway Employees—Jsraei I. Griffin,
166 Twenty-flfth tvenue esst.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province,
Telegraphers—E, B, Pepptn, Box 482.
Trades and Labor Council—Oeo. Bartley,
Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 68.
Tailors—C. McDonald, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpen—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenue esst.
Ask for Lsbor Temple   •Phone  Exchange,
Seymoar .7495   (unless  otherwise stated).
Bricklayers—Wm. 8. Dagnall, Room 215.
Cooks,    Waiters,    Waitrenei—Room    208;
Andy Graham;  phone Sey.  8414.
Electrical Worken   (outiide)—E. H.  Morri
ion) Room 207.
Englneen (steam)—Room 810; E. Prendergaat.
Longshoremen's   Association —   Offlee,   145
Alexander street; G. J. Kelly; phone Sey.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Rooms 804*805,
Ltbor Templt.
Street Railway Employees—Fred. A Hoover;
pbone Sey. 508.
Typographical—R. H. Neeltndi, Rooms 212-
232 Broadway East
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
Unsqualled  Vsud.vlll.   Meant
SM, 7.90, 9.U    Saaton'a Price,:
Matin.., 16e.| Ivanlng,, 1Je., ate.
Sunday Summer Sailings.
Bnjoy the Snnday on the water by taking
t trip to Gibson's Landing, Robertfi Creek
and Sechelt by the fait pletsnre steamer
Leave Johnson's Wharf tt .... 9:80 t. m.
Arrives Gibson's Landing .... 11:80 t. m,
Robert1! Creek  ..     ..  12:15 p. m
Soehelt       1:00 p.m.
Returning leaves   Sechelt tt...    5:00 p. m.
Arriving Vancouvor about  ....    8:15 p. m,
Full particulars Phone Sey. 4280.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion,
ln Manitoba. Saskatchewan and Alberta,
the Tukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the Provlnee
of British Columbia, may be leased for
a term of twenty-one yean at an annual
rental of 11 an aore. Not more than
2,580 acres will be leased ts one applicant.
Applications for least must bs made by
the applicant, in person to the Agent or
Bub-Agent of the dlstriot ln whioh the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be
staked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of IB, which will be refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of Ave cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay tht royalty thereon. If the coal Ailnlng rights
are not. being operated, suoh returns
should be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will Include the ooal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the
rate of 110 an acre.
For full Information application should
be made to the Seoretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Asent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
m W. Hi CORY,
Deputy Minister of ths Interior.
N B.—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for—19190.
tot   ,nd    third    Ttarsdays.     Executive
pettlpleoe, vioe-preeident; Oeorite B»rtley,
■eoenl ..wetorr, 210 L.bor Temple! Mi,,
$•..????—*• "•eesurer: Pr.4. A. hoover,
statlsticljn; «er«eaot-M;«ra», John Sully: A
traSSZ,' ***"•*■ Ki°w'"' *• W- *•■*
•""•^J?0   PRWTJNO   TRADES    COON-1
™».,t    »   I",1*  •"•••"nd  Monday  in  tha (
?____%&. oVo^r-"«-■*
«»,."£e* ?°om m ^hor Templo. Moot*
Ont Sunday of each month. Preaident.
Jams, C>inplell; flnanol.1 aeoretary h!
Davie Box 424, phone Soy. 476»; recording
Kt '• Wm- "°'u"*"". Olote Hotel, Mai!
flKlUKLAKEKS'  ANU MASUNS', flu.   1
. „T uts evmy let and Srd Tuesday,
h.Su.V. **00ra mi. P™ dent, JauSa
Haalett; corresponding seoretary, VV   fc
____\ IT"" •*•""*•• W: *-- -*
and Iron Ship Bullderi and Helped
of America, Vanoouver Lodge No. 104—-
Meeta Srat and third Monday., 8 p. m.
President, A. Campbell, 78 Seventeenth, av**
nue weet; aeeretary, A. Fraaer, 1151 How*
Union—MeeU    flrst   Friday   in    eaeh
month, 8:80 p. in., Lsbor Temple.   A. Graham, businees representative.   Office:   Room
206, Labor Temple.   Hours:   8:80 a. m. to
10; 2 to 6 p. m.    Competent help furnished
on short notice.    Phone Seymour 8414.
meeta in room 208, Labor Temple, aee*
ond and foarth Thursday of each moath .1
p. m. President, O. H. Hardyi secretary,
F. L. Barratt; treasurer, W. T. Taylor. Looal No. 217 meets flrst and third Moo-
day of eaeh month, and Local 2647 m< '
flratand third Tuesday of eaeh month.
—Meet, room 801, Labor Temple, every
Monday, 8 p. in. President, Sam. Cawkor,
5j7 Templeton Drive; recording eecretary
H. Hogan, Labor Temple; financial eecretary
"n; business agent, E. H. Morrison, Room
207, Labor Temple.	
.,., JL!,b?Ier"' 5n'on' N°* 66—Mrets flret nnd
third Friday of eaeh month, Labor Temple.
Preeldent, E. O. Appleby, 1419 Pendrill St.;
secretary. Qeorge Harrison; business agent,
John Sully, room 220, Labor Temple. All
laborers Invited to meeting.
and fourth Fridays al 8 p. m. President,
i. Mclvor; recording secretary, J. Brooke.:
flaanelal aeoretary, J. H. McVety.
Meets every flrst and third Wednesday in th.
month in room 801, Labor Temple. Presl-
dent, A. Hurry; vice-president, A. Berentsen;
corresponding secretary, Joe Cornish, 1809 \
Eleventh avenuo east; flnanolal aeoretary,
George Montgomery; treasurer, Harold Reld.
NORTH AMERICA.-Vancouver and
vlalnity. Branoh meeta 1st and 8rd Fridays at Labor Temple, room 208. H. Night. 1
leotai, preaident, 276 Flftyalxth avenue
east; Jos. G. Lyon, flnanolal secretary, 1721
Grant atreet; J. Campbell, recording aeo- i
rotary, 4869 Argyle street. *
PLOTEEa Pioneer Dlvblon, No. 101— '
Meets Labor Temple, second and fonrth Wed. '
nesday. at 2:80 and 8 p. m.   Presidont, Joa.'
Hubble; reeordlng <eeretary, Joa, I. OrlOn:
166, Twenty-flfth avenue east; financial aee* I
ESHWi *?■'»•■■ agent, Fred. A. Hoover,
9409 Clark Drive.
held flret Tuesday in eaeh month, 8 p. m.
President, H. Beamish; vice-president, Miss '
H, Gutteridge; recording secretary,   0.   Mo*
Donald,  Box  508;   financial   aeeretary.   K   '
Peterson, P. 0. Boi 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL    UNION,    SO.    «*"""■■■.
Meets last Sunday of each month at 2 I
p.m.   President,  B. Parm.* Pettlpleoe;  vice-
president, W. S. Metsger; seoretarytreasurer
R. H. Neelanda. P. 0. Box 60. '
In annual convention ln January, Exeoutlve officers, 1915-16: President, A. Wstfih-
man; vlco-presi dents—Vancouver, W. ?£.
Bum, J. H./MoVety; Victoria, B. Simmons;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prinee Rupert,
W. E„Denning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon: Dls- ■
Wet 26, U. M. W. of A. (Vsncouver Iiland),
8. Guthrie; District IS, U. M. W. of A.
(Crow's Jleit Valley), A. J. Carter; secretary-treasurer, A. S. Wells, P. 0. box 1688,
Vlctorls, B. 0.
VICTORIA  TRADEB  AND  LABOB COUNCIL—Meete first snd third Wednesday,
Lsbor  ball,   1424  Government  street,   at   8
6 m.   President. A. 8. W«1U; seeretsry, F.
oldridie, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Directors: Jas. Brown, preaident; R. P.
Pettipiece, vice-president; Edward Lotblan,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wit-
br, W. J. Nagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free.
Managing director and secretary-treasurer, J.
H, MoVety, room 211, Labor Temple.
at call of president, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C. Directors: James Campbell,
prosldont; J. H. MeVety, •ecretary-treasurer;
A. Watchman, A, 8. Wells. R. Parm. Pettlpleoe, manager, 217 Labor Tomple. Telephone:    Seymour 7401
Vote against prohibition! Demand per
sonal liberty In choosing what you will drink.
Ask for tbls Lsbel when purchasing Bear,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that tt Is Union Made. Tbls Is Our Label
10 Cent Cokes
llo r-^ooHo
acco. mammmamam
«I Do you know that if
every person in B.C.
bought shoes made in
B.C. there would be 15
large ehoe factories here
employing over 100
hands each full time.
These extra shoemakers
would help to keep you
busy at your trade.
Remember this fact
when buying your next
pair of shoes.
Hens L114 Box Kip Heavy Sole
One of oui beat aellera
Boys L 240 Box Kip Heavy Sole
Neat aad very serviceable
Company Ltd.
Shoe Manufacturers
Vancouver, B.C.
Partial List Labor Officials
Who WiU Meet Here
September 20th
Additional Names During
Week Looks Most
Below will be found a partial list of
the delegates who will ba ia attoadaace
at the 1015 convention* of the Trades
and Labor congress of Canada, which
meets in Vancouver on Monday, September 20. This list will be added to
and corrected, as information ia received by The Federationist:
World Shoe Co.
M Hastings St, W., Phone Sey. 1770
 ,—Jine "  ..
Work called for aad delivered
Loggers' Miners' Cripples' and any kind
of special Shoes made to order
Npmed Shoei are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
so matter what Ita nam*, unleu It bean a
plain and readable Impression or tbls stamp.
All shoes without tba Union Stamp ara
always Non-Union.
248 Bummer Street, Boston, Mus.
J. F. Tobln, Pres.    O. L. Blaine, Sao.-Traas.
Ask for
"NABOB" Products
Get and use "NABOB" everytime
Jingle Pot Coal
LUMP   $6.50 NUT    $5.50
Now ia the time to pat in your winters supply
Phone: Seymour 1988
Corner Columbia and Hastings Street East
Hotel conducted European plan.
Booms with bath, single or en
The Finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars sold at
buffet, with courteous Union mixologists to serve
Phone Seymour 3380 Proprietor
That Is oo owy bottle of CASCADE BEER.    Evory purchua of thla leadlne
brow, add. substantially to the payroll of B, O.
___&&>%$___#. °° °th" br"nd'   Br*Wed •*"* '-■•""•   b'
Fraternal Delegate from American Fed-
oration of Labor—Harry J. Con-
way, secretary-treasurer of the Bo-
tail Clerks' Protective Association,
Layfette, Ind.
United Association of Plumbers and
Steam Fitters of tbe United Statea
and Canada—John W. Bruce, Toronto.
International Printing Pressmen—Thos.
Hines of Vancouver.
International Typographical Union-
Samuel L. Haddon of Toronto,
Hod Carriers', Building and Common
Laborers' Union of America—John
Sully of Vancouver.
International . Journeym* i Tailors'
Union—Francis Williams, of Vancouver.
International Boot and Shoe Workers'
Union—E. O'Dell, of Hamilton,
International Journeymen Barbers' Union—H. Hnlford, of Hamilton, Ont.
International Brotherhood of Carpenters—J. Marsh, of Niagara FallB,
International Brotherhood of Blacksmiths—W. J. Bartlett of Winnipeg, Man.
International Brotherhood of Painters
and Decorators—A. E. Scott of
Winnipeg, Man.
International Association of Stonecutters—A. Gosselin of Winnipeg,
International Brotherhood of Malntenance-of-Way Employees—H. Irwin
of Edmonton, Alberta. t
International Association Brass Finishers—J. Daly bf Montreal.
International Seamen's Union of America—Andrew Furuseth.
New   Westminster—Bartenden-* un
i      ion,' No. 7Mr-W; C. K. Baker.
Prince Bupert Trades and Labor Council—S. D. McDonald, William
Thompson and M. Kuddorsham.
Edmonton, Alberta—Trades and Labor
Council—A. Farmilo.
Edmonton — Maintena nce-of -Way Em-
pliyees (C. 'Ni S.)—S. Magga.
Edmonton—Cooks and Waiters.
Calgary — .Maintenanco-of-way Employees—Jas. Stokes.
Calgary—Brotherhood of Bailway Carmen—M. Stephenson. **
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council—
R. A. Rigg, M. L. A., and President
H. Veitch.
Winnipeg—Machinists, No. 12&—R.
Winnipeg—Bartenders—F.  W. McGill.
Winnipeg—Machinists, No. 18ft——
Winnipeg—Street Railway Employees,
No. (J—A..Gammack.
Winnipeg—Steamfltters, ! No. 479—P.
Winnipeg—Maintenance-of-Way Employees (C. N, R.)—Fred. Flozjdale.
Winnipeg—Maintenance-of-Way' Employees (G. T. P.)—Robt. Noyes.
Winnipeg—Typographical union	
British Columbia Federation of Labor—
President A, Watchman, Victoria.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
Jas, H. McVety,, Miss H. Gutteridge
and R. P. Pettipiece.
Vancouver—Typographical  Union,  No.
226^-W.  R. Trotter   and   George
Vancouver—Machinists' lodge, No. 182
—John T. Brooks.
Vancouver—Brotherhood of Carpenters,
No. 617—Geo. H. Hardy.
Vancouver—Plumbers/ Union—Council*
lor F. W. Welsh, South Vancouver.
Vancouver. — Letter   Carriers — Fred.
Vancouver.—Sheet Metal Workers—A.
Vancouver—Bookbinders, Local No. 105
—F. Mansell.
Vancouver—Theatrical Stage Employees
—F. Harrington.
Vancouver—Tailors' Union, No. 178—C.
Vancouver—Builders' Laborers' union,
No. 65, Geo. Harrison.
Vancouver—Street Railway Employees,
Division,    No.    101—A.    Bunting,
W. H. Cottrell, A. V. Lofting, Geo.
Hamson, Jas. E. Grimn, W. Murray.
Vancouver—Brewery  Workmen,  Local
No. 281—A. Sykes.
Victoria Trades and Labor Council—A.
8. Wells, Christian Sivertz and John
Victoria—Street    Railway   Employees,
Division No. 109—Wm. Nuun.
New Westminster Trades and Labor
Council—P. PaulBon, H. S. Walsh
and W. Yates.
New Westminster—Typographical Union, No. 632—R. A. Stoney.
New Westminster—Street Railway Employees Division No. 134—Ralph
Jamieson, A. F. Duncan and Arthur Rowell.
Souris, Man.—Souris Lodge, No. 174, In*
ternational Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees—J. Bridle.
Saskatoon,  Sask.,   Trades   and ..Labor
Council ,
Prince Albert, Sask., Trades and Labor
Council—J. Davis.   .
Portage la Prairie, Man.—Maintenance-
of-Way Employees (G. T. P.)—A.
E. arker.
Portage la Prairie — Maintenance-of•
Way Employees (C. P. R.)—-fi.
Portage . la Prairie — Maintenance-of-
Way Employees.
Toronto—District Trndes and Labor
Council—Fred Bancroft, vice-president of the TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada; James Simpson
and Mr. Ralph.
Toronto — Garment WorkerB — Fred
Toronto—Typographical—Geo. Murray.
Toronto—Machinists—W. Nichols,
Toronto-—PlastererB' and Cement Fin-,
ishers—James Ward.
Toronto—Street Railway Employees—
Jas. Gibbons.
Montreal Trades and Labor Council—
MessrB. G. R. Brunet and J. Foster.
Montreal—Shoe Workers—Del. Lesper-
ance and ——
Montreal—Brotherhood of Carpenters—
A. Mnrtel and J. E. Vigent.
Montreal—Machinists—J. A. McClelland.
Montreal—Shoe Workers—G. Lesper-
ence and ——
Montreal—Sheet Metal Workers—T.
Ottawa Trades and Labor Council—W.
Ottawa—Typographical Union—P. M.
Draper, secretaryrtreasurer Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada.
(Continued from Page One.)
the exigencies of war precluded all possibility of enquiry at the time.
' Kill First, Then. Enquire.
It was a case of fight first, and investigate afterwards, a part left to- their
parliamentary representatives when the
voting ou the'war budgets afterwards
occurred, and whatever facts of the case
distorted or otherwise, were there presented, they seemed well satisfied with
them, and their doubts silenced for the
time being. Latter events, however,
have clearly proven that Russia had
more to fear from Germany, than had
Germany from Russia; and. the somewhat easy waylaying of the Russian
bugaboo has caused a widespread revulsion of feeling in favor of immediate
peace. Combined with this, alarm is being felt at the frank declarations of
conquest and annexation recently made
by the kaiser, crown prince and imperial
Canada's Casualty List,
During the month of July, 1915, according to the industrial accident record of the department of labor, fifty-
eight work people were killed and 254
njurcd. The record for the month of
June was 84 killed and 205 injured, and
that for the month of July, 1914 was 94
killed and 596 injured. A comparison
of the July record with that for the
•month of June shows that there were 26
fewer work peoplo killed and 49 more
injured in July than in June. There
were '36 fewer work people killed and
342 fewer injured in July, 1915, than in
July, 1914.
Beginning to Get Wise.
Tho avowed war of defence has become an open war of conquest, and the
scales are falling from the eyes of the
social democracy. Bearing on these matters, a manifesto declaring for, the
opening of peace negotiations has lately
been issued by the executive of the German social democrats;, .and while it
contains much recrimination against the
attitude of the French party, and of
Vandervelde of Belgium, and comes at
the high water mark of success in the
Eastern*campaign, and thus lends itself
to the stigma of being sanctioned by
the war party; still, reading between
the lines, a twinge of conscience manifests itself, and the outstretched hand
cannot altogether be ignored.
Denounces Parliamentarians.
Different in tone and texture is the
open letter to the German socialist executive signed by 700 officials of trade
unions and of the soeial democratic
party. It declares "the majority of the
parliamentary group have avoided all
working class issues." They "uttered
no word of protest against the violation of Belgian neutrality, nor raised a
voice against the torpedoing of the Lusitania.     Nor did they protest when
the imperial chancellor proclaimed a
war of conquest quite openly at the
meeting of the Reichstag on May 28th,
the object of which, as the parliamentary group were aware, included the
open annexation of Russian and French
territory, and the masked annexation of
Belgium under the term 'compulsory
economic federation,' " "Nobody who
now hesitates can claim in the future to
be ignorant of the designs of the ruling
clnss. The facts of the situation are
quite plain; the last of the mists which
hid the reality from our eyes has been
dispersed. The alternative is simple: Is
the party to be saved or destroyed f"
What Should Be Done?
Laying all recriminations aside, and
remembering that a real fear of Russia
existed in the breasts' of our German
fellow-workers, it is our duty to grasp
the outstretched hand, and co-operate
with them in bringing the war to a
speedy termination. The desire expressed in many quarters to continue the
war until Prussian militarism is crushed is foolish in the extreme.' To do so,
we must create a greater militarism of
our own, under which we ourselves are
in danger of being crushed.. And the
danger is a real one, to those who are
watching the signs of the times, and the
actions of the NorthoUffe clique. The
only people who can effectively crush
German militarism are the German
Trade Unionists in Australia and Their
According to the official statistics of
the Commonwealth of Australia, there
arc 523,271 tradea unionists in Australia, made up aB follows:
New South Wales, 240,023; Victoria,
138,810; Queensland, 55,580; South Australia, 41,603; West Australia, 38,106;
Vancouver—Offlce and Chanel
1034 Qranvllle St., Phone Sey, 3486.
North Vancouver — Olllce and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
Refined Service
One Bios*  weal  ot Court House.
Uae of  Modern  chapel and
Funeral   Parlors  free   to all
Telephone Seymour 2426
Met Last Wednesday Night to Farther
Reception Flans.
Tho Trades ond Labor Congress reception committee mot in the Labor
Tomplo lost Wednesday evening to
completo its plans. The arrangements
for decorating the hall wero reported as j
made. I
Delegato Wand has arranged with tho I 'W^, ,w*       ,     *    * ,  .
fire chief of South Vancouvor to give a'    Th°.tr°d8 iiairtt"lUoa ot ul»0°18" is
display for tho entortainmont of the, "MS" T ,    *..
,i„,„,,,„, _i,.. ... „     '  . Wood, furniture, otc, workers, 17,*
delegates when thoy go on tho drive „.- .      .      '       ,        ,     '  .„'
through that municipality. j388;  ""foeenne, ™M w°rkl,re. «."
n,.i,........ Q..11..     io      i      t*    .   'lOS; foods, drinks, tobacco, etc., 39,702;
Uolcgate Sully and Secretory Brooks    . ,'..      .'. .    '      .     ,„,»„.,'
■*■ illnfhinif     hniit     ltoofu     nln        1 tl  IRQ,   tinAbii
were empowered to form a committee
of ladies who are willing to make arrangements for tho comfort of tho visiting ladies.
The committees'   work   is   now op-
pronching completion insofar ns plans
clothing, hats, boots, etc., 16,159; books,
printing, etc., 8363; othor manufacturing, 211,002; building, 36,593; mining,
quarrying, etc., 39,733; railway and
trarawny services, 71,200; other land
transport, 17,087; shipping, etc., 44,536:
ore concerned. Al that remains now ia P««to™l, "grloultural, etc 44,593 • do-
to carry them out. When tho time > mC8"1°' J"'0'' *%• 11'135; m,al!<!l1'"""
comes for   that, it will   bo  seon   how'""*8'   ™
much labor and thought has beon involved in those preparations.
Immigrants Much Lees.
Immigration    to Canada this    year
has been less than one-tenth of what
Manitoba Favors Ontario Act,
Manitoba trade uninists have decided
to cease negotiations looking   for   nn
agreement betwen the labor men und
the    Manufacturers'     Association    on
it was during tho Same period last amondnients to the present Workmen's
year. Whorcas formerly 10,000 people j Compensation Act, and turn entirely
would loavo the British isles in ono ,to thc tnsk of 8ett'**g " new Act along
month for tho Dominion, in an ordinary ;tl10 lincs of lll° On*"*'1'* Aot*
year, this year tho number is loss thon
1000 on an average Tho latest available figures that havo beon published
ore thoso for April a.nd Moy, the
months when immigration is at its
highest. During these two months this
year 4508 British people camo to Canada, compared with 18,864 in tho same
two months of 1014.'
'Frisco Six Hour Day.
Son Francisco carpontors nro now voting on the question of adopting a six-
hour workdny as < moons to relieve
unemployment at present nnd to reduce
J suffering and expense during the dull
I winter months.
Latest reporte from the. firing line telle the good news that "DIBTT
PLAOE," situated near "BVEET PLAOE" haa gladly surrendered to
the mighty leader "Col. Boyal Crown." for the last forty years hae successfully headed the forces of all Soaps, Washing Powder, Naptha, and
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C..
For Ages 6 to 16 yean
from 50c. up
Soe-SU HMTDtO* fTBBBI WUT   ■ . FMae I
To England Under Neutral flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Fint   -   ■• a a        ■*-*N*.e fast American Steamera under American flag
Clau $95.00 "St Louis". Sept. 18th
Second *>. MC   C   "Philadelphia" Sept 25th
£   $65.00 V O. "StPaul".. .....Oct  2**.
Tkird "New Y°rk" ' '0<;t   *h
Clui   $40.00 ond every Saturday thereafter *
Company's Offioes: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
Lariaat aad moat salad stoek In West,
am Canada. Bear Tens aat detent
treatment, at war Urns prices.
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
Daily Launch Trips Up North Arm
i Hlvar, Wigwam Ion aad aU way palate. Swlnmlaf, fceatlag, flablar,
dancing, etc Magnificent scenery. "Costs ao mere then staying in town."
Tickets end farther information:
Harbour Shipping Co., Gore Are. Wharf.  Sey. 9590
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
BBIDQE WOBK, per Tooth      6.00
-      ENAMEL FILLINOS....            2.00    ;
Diseases of the gums, including Pyorrhea, encceisfully treated.
All work guaranteed.
Phon* Seymour 3361 Offlce:  101 Bank of Ottawa Building
602 Haatinge. Street Weet
Printers and
Labor Temple
Phone Soy. 4410
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 T 25 Cents
32 Rid™ »» 32 Bides on Tour Saviog On
A 6 Cent Faro Tango Tlokote (1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c.
Tango Tickets Are^Now On Sale
They are sold by conductors on tba cars, at tlie B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Oarrall and Hastings streets and 1138 Granville street; ttae Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and south end of
Granville street bridge; Depotmaster's Office at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at the
places of business of the following Arms throughout the city;
Hudson's Bay Oo. All departments
Georgia ttreet corner.
Gordon  Drysdsle's   (Notion    Conn-
ter)  near Dummufr.
Owl Drugrtorj — Dunsmuir itreet.
Harrison1!    Drugstore —    Rob.un
streot cornor,
Brown* * Beaton, dmniits, Davie
Mreol cornor,
Pill B» Drugstore — Nelion itreet
Law'i  Drugstore —  Davlo    atreet
Harrlion'a      Drugstore — Ponder
street corner.
Harrison's    Drugstore — Granville
strset   and   Sovonth   arenue.
Law's Drugstore — Near Broadway
Campbell's Drugstore — Broadwar
nnd Oommorolsl Drive,
Mitchell'i   Confectionery—  Georgia
• tr.'i't entrance.
Woodward's   Dept.   Stores    (Drag
Deiit.) Abbott Street Cornor,
Spencer's Dept.   Storo   (Caahior'i
office,  Information  Bureau  and Ex*
change Do»ki), near Ilk-hard*.
Wood's Ptisnucy—Soymour Street
Campbell'!  FharpWy —  Oranvllle
Street corner.
Owl Drugitore—Main Stroot corner.
Harrlion's Drug Storo—Near Oar*
rail itreet
Browne    *    Beaton,      Drugglite,
Pendor atreet cornor.
Law's    Drugitore — Harris street
Owl    Drugstore  —  Abbott  atroot
Owl    Drugstore —  Dunlevy stroot
corner i
(Engliih Bay)
Torrance Drugitoro — Davlo itreet
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St
Near Davie PAGE FOUR
Special Sale of Ladies' and
Mens' Boots
For fall and winter wear,
regular $5 to $6.50 values, Sale Price
—A shoe-buying1 opportunity the more important because of its timeliness, coming as it doos right on the threshold of a new season—when
ladies, and men too, are requiring walking boots for fall wear. The opportunity of saving from $1.25 to $2.50 per pair is one not to be missed—
especially as the saving is on guaranteed lines—boots of quality, style
and service.   Description follow—
LADIES' BOOTS—Made up of short lines of Burt's, Luxura and Dr.
Reed's cushion-sole boots, in kid, calf and patent leather; regular $5.00
to $6.50 values for $3.76
MEN'S BOOTS—Made up of Bhort lines of H. B. quality bootB, Accurate
brand, and Just Bight lines, in brown calf, patent colt and calf; standard $5.00 to $6.00 values.   Sale price, per pair 93.76
V        _*      . \a__at_m_  tan     _*__**_ * staatw. ataatt ammumm 1
Vancouver Night Classes
The Syllable Includes: English, Literature, French, Building Tradee
Courses, Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Commercial Courses,
Domestic Science, Art Courses, Etc., Etc., Etc.
Burrard Street.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBEB 29th.       At 8 p.m.
ENROLLING DATS, September 27th, 28th, and 30th, October 1st
7.30 to 9.30 p.m., in School Board Offices, Hamilton and Dunsmuir Streete
Copies of Syllabus may be obtained at School Board Offices
For Information see MB. O. A. LAING,
Director of Night Classes.
tWYTIPf PRflirNT Absolutely Fireproof. Looal and Long-Distance
nUl&LJKEiUZini pi,0I1, ln Every RoomOafe ln Connection. Ratea
>er day up. Attractive Rates to Permanent Guests.
A Butty. Piopiloloie IH —
"Things Cooked as You Like Them"
110 Cordova Street Wait     3 blocks east of 0. P. X. Station.
Take home one of our Chicken Loaves—half 7Se., whole $1.60.
Trays delivered to aU parts Af the elty at any hour.
E.B.Perry '_
Phone Seymour 3316.
P. L. Wood
f. MeOOUVAKY, Proprietor
60 outside, bright airy roomi
Two blocks from Labor Temple and Depot
Comer Homer Street Vancouver, B. C
Tbis Official List Of Allied Printing: Offices
BAOLET A SONS, lil Belting! Street.    Seymour SU
BLOCHBEROER, F. »., Sit Broedny lut Fairmont 101
BRAND A FERHT, 029 Ponder Stmt, Weet  Seymour 9171
BURRARD PUBLISHING  CO.,  711  Seymour Btreet   Seymour  S5I0
CHINOOK PRINTING CO., 4901 M.in Street Fairmont 1174
CLARKE A STUART, S30 Seymour Stnet SetauSr I
COMMERCIAL PRINTING * PUBLISHING CO, ..World Balldinf, Sey. 4.01*17
COWAN * BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Temple BaUdlni. , „ Seymoar 4410
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 417 Dnnemalr Street Seymoar 1101
EVANS A HASTINOS, Arte aad Crafte Bide., Seymour St Seymour 5650
ORANDVIEW PRINTERS, 1441 Commercial. HlfMand 741L
JEWELL.ll L., 841 Pender St .Seymour. 1444
KERSHAW, J. A., Sit Howe 81 Seymoar 1674
LATTA.RK 153 Gore Are Seymoar 1050
MAIN PRINTING CO., 1S51 Mala St Fairmont 1S88
MoLEAN » SHOEMAKER, North Vancourer N. Vaa. 58
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville aad Robion St. Seymour 4548
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 801 Pender St Seymour 1038*41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vaneoarer  ,N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS. World Building Seymour S6S1
PEARCE a HOPOSON. 913 Hamilton Blreel Seymoar 803S
ROEDDE, G. A., 616 Homer Street Seymour 364
TERMINAL CITV PRESS, 3408 Wutmlniter Road Fairmont 1140
THOMSON STATIONERY, 125 Hutlngi W Sermour 1630
TIHHS, A. H., 380 Fourteenth Are. E -. Fairmont 631R
WESTERN PRESS, 123 Cordon W     Seymour 7566
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dummnlr St Seymour 8538
WHITE* BINDON, 157-159 Cordova St Seymour 1316
Write "Union labor' on Tour Oopy when Tou Bend It to the Printer
Despite the industrial depression and financial stringency we feel we should make a special effort to increase the
circulation of The British Columbia Federationist, official
organ of the labor movement of Vancouver and Province of
British Columbia. To this ond we ask the various labor organizations to take up the question of subscribing for The
Federationist by means of the payment of a per capita tax
on each member of ten cents per month, to be collected from
each member when he or she pay their monthly dues. We
feel confident that hundreds of trades unionists would be
.willing to pay for the paper in this way, and would support
a movement in your organization along that line.
If the labor organizations of the oity would take this
matter up and get their entire membership on the subscription list of The Federationist, the added circulation would
give the paper a standing* in Vancouver that no other paper
could possibly have. The amounts collected from the members of your union could be'forwarded to The Federationist
office monthly, or at such times as are mutually agreed upon,
and the papers would be sent to the home of each subscriber. In this way a labor paper can be made the power it
ought to be in this city and province in building up the
movement' industrially and politically.
Have your organization take the matter up as speedily
as possible and let us know your decision in the matter.
B.C. Federationist, Labor Temple Bldg. Vancouver, B.C
Immigration of Illiterates
Has Prevented Wages
from Rising
Labor Surplus Is Recorded
Even When Industry
Is Busiest
The demand for labor in the Eastern
States, caused by the activity in the
manufacture of war munitions, is likely
to cause a "labor famine," as the-financial journals call it. An Eastern correspondent says of the situation:
"A shortage in unskilled labor will
be one of the moBt fortunate things
that can possibly happen to this coun
try. In late years our gravest troulbcs,
and our most glaring injustices, have
arisen from an oversupply of labor. In
federal law labor is no longer a com*
modlty, but in practice it has been
frankly regarded as suoh.
"The 'going, wage' and sot the living standard has been the test of what
a laborer should receive. In. the great
eastern industries races whose stand*
ards of living were rising have been
successively replaced by newer, more ignorant immigrants, who would be content with less. Some great industries
are literally parasites upon the incoming immigrants.
Always Some Workless.
"The statistics of unemployment are
as yet very incomplete, but those in existence indicate that there is a constant
labor surplus, which .is not entirely absorbed, even in the most prosperous
times. In slack times the surplus increases. When it becomes too great to
be ignored there is a brief flurry of
public interest, with sporadic public and
private charity, and other symptoms.
"The point to remember is that most
employers of unskilled, unorganized labor pay eaoh worklngman a wage determined by the presence of unemployed workingmen who would be glad to
take hie job.
'By this system wages are continu
ally kept down, and as wagee are low
the standard of living ia low. And low
standards are a menace to the nation,
counterbalanced only by tho limited
convenience and proflt derived by employers of cheap labor. Oheap labor
makes a cheap nation, inasmuch as the
great bulk of the people are included
under the head of 'labor,' asd mUat
gala or loee as working people gain or
. Effect of Oheap Labor.
"The existence of a labor surplus,
with its accompanying symptom of low
J wages, has soother result which should
appeal even to the money-minded.
Cheap labor is a brake on mechanical
progress. Muscles take the place of
skill and brains. But as soon as men's
time and strength are valued at something approaching their real worth,
there is a tendency to expand their
power by inventions.
"And in almost every respect a nation which has developed a privileged
'employing class, and an abundant unprivileged laboring class—ss we are on
the way to do the moment we begin to
tolerate a chronic labor surplus—is
bound to stagnate and to harden into
something like a caste system."
Soclaliit Organiser Enlists
Mr. H. Martin, the well-known organiser of the Social Democatio party
in Ontario, haa joined the military forces in that province, for overseas service.
Autocracy WIU Ba (Had.
The National Union of Paper Workers has taken the initiative among British trades unionists in refusing to main-'
tain relations with German and Austrian labor federations. The decision was
taken in connection with an invitation
to a conference in Switzerland with the
object of receiving the International organization of trades unions.
Tho executives of the union propose
the calling of a conference in London
or Parle for the institution of a now international secretariat, from Interest in
which, Gorman ahd AuBtrians shall bo
R servationsfor
Delegates to the
Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada convention here
next month Who de-
Sire hotel reservations made for
them should at once
communicate with
the chairman of the
committee, R. P.
Pettipiece, Labor
Elected by Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada as fraternal delegate to
British Trades Union Congress, in
session this week.
Editor B. 0. Federationist:
Sir,—Aid. Crowe's resolution to re*
duce the board of aldermen from sixteen to ten members elected at large,
will come up at the meeting of the
council, and all citizens who take an
Interest in' the welfare of the city
should see that their representatives
vote for it.
There is no doubt the present system is cumbersome, inefficient and
wasteful. Instead of a united body of
representatives'working fo* the whole
interest of the city, wo have eight
wards working with a majority of those
who can be influenced, to get all it ean
for itself. The result is a continuous
performance of log-rolling or "you
scratch my back and I'll scratch
yours." One alderman wants to put
through something for his ward which
may or may not be in the interest of
the whole city, but it means votes for
him in his ward. So he goeB to the
members of* other wards, who also want
to put through something to their own
advantage, and makes a deal for their
support on the condition that he will
support their schemes. And so it goes.
Good measures aro constantly being
traded for bad ones. Necessary expenditures are put through at the expense
of unnecessary ones, and the whole city
is made to bear the cost. Hundreds of
thousands of dollars are thue squandered often for an adequate reason.
Take the False Creek bridges as a
glaring example. The Granville street
bridge wae a crying necessity, but in
order to get the bylaw through the
council, the Weat End aldermen were
compelled to eupport the Main street
structure, with the result that over half
a million dollars was spent on a bridge
which inside of a year will be spanning dry ground. It was known too at
the time that sooner or later the lead
of False Creek would be filled in and
that the Main street bridge would bo
worse than a useless structure.
Tou can go into certain parts of the
city and flnd granolithic sidewalke run*
ning through brush ahd vacant lots,
and' thickly settled parts of the city
without decent roadways, and only
three-plank sidewalks for miles. These
anomalies are the direct result of the
log-rolling methods engendered by the
ward system.
By electing the members at large,
only men who Btand Well in the com*
munity as a whole will have' a chance
to be elected. A man who is a little
tin god in one section of the city, will
have ao chance for election unless he is
known to be a valuable mln throughout
the eity.
The reduction of the number of aid
ermon ia a good provision also. The
present membership Is cumbersome and
leads to inefficiency. No big business
can be successfully managed by a board
suoh as the city council ie. Why should
good results be expected in the man*
agement of a city with a system tnat
would be ruinous to' an ordinary large
One result of benefit to the working*
man would be to make his vote more
valuable, as instead of being divided
among eight wards, lt can be coneen
trated On one good man. The measure
has been endorsed by the Trades and
Labor council, and should receive the
hearty approval of all workingmen in
the city. ' '.
' Thanking you for the above apace,
yours, etc.,
John Day to Parker Williams, M. P. P.
Editor B. C. Federationist: First,
allow me to apologize to P. W. for having caused him to lose his temper. If
one letter, of opposition to his opinion,
irritates him to the extent of stating:
"The John Day who seeks to .condone
this crime has other motives of truth,
etc.," and again, "That at the present
moment there are better men than I or
Mr. Day ever knew, how to be, glad to
work for *2 por day, and even less. I
have a personal friend in the old country—'an actor,' I once questioned him,
how ho accounts for his great success;
ho stated, 'By pitying to the gallery,
and by keeping iny temper' " Personally, I core little for my friend P.
W.'s opinion of me, but t am sure the
more ho knows of me the better he will
like mo. I would like tho sentence better if it rend, "There are better men
than Mr. Day, or 1 ever knew how to
be," etc.
Now, lot mo take the pamphlet, and
let the readers judge:
On tho front page "191" stands at
the top on the first inner page. It
states, "A short history of mining in
the province; a synopsis of the mining
laws in force; statistics of mineral pro
duction up-to-date, and a brief sum*
mary of the progress of mining during
'' Victoria, B: C. printed by W. H.
Cullen,'printer to tke king's most excellent majesty.   1915."
Next page gives the production of
minerals, and state*, "The mineral production for 1914."
On page 6, ip 1914 it gives the production,' aiid states the reduction of
output in the inland and coast collieries
was.accounted for "Owing to the conditions arising from the European
It then goes on with various minerals.
On page 8 it states the total production
of gold, etc*, was produced in 1914.
Further stating, "Such then is a brief
summary of our mineral developments,
the details of which will be found in
the 'statistical table' following."
Then cornea in the criminal part re*
ferred to by .my friend-P. W., giving
conditions, wages, etc. On page 15 in
the statistics they conclude 1914, $26,.
388,825. Page 10, table 3, it states:
"Quantities of values, etc., for 1912,
1913, 1914. Output of minerals to
Pages 18 and 19: "Yield of gold
production of lode mines and coal.
Production per year up to date, namely,
Pages 20 and 21: "Production of
details and districts."  Still up to 1914,
Page 24, it states that during the
first half of 1914 they gave promise of
exceedingly favorable conditions and
that' the mineral productions would exceed that of any previous year, but the
expectations were shattered through the
great European war.
Giving a summary of clauses and
tables dealing with various mines and
minerals, in each case it refers t'o 1914.
On page 29, it states: "The falling
off in the Boundary districts was on account of the European war. The same
applies to Nelson."
Page 30, it states, as compared with
the year 1913: "The figures of 1914
show a decreased production of 3.13 per
cent. The decrease iB accounted for by
the war conditions."
These figures (page 31, referring to
coal) indicate a serious decrease which
is, however, only temporary, being
mainly attributable to the European
war. Through the pamphlet it states,
"ThlB year and the past year."
In not one instance does it refer to
1915 (only the time of printing), and
in referring to 1914 it' states only dur*
ing the first half of 1914'were there favorable conditions. The most import*
ant point proving my argument Is in
the statement. Attention Ib invited to
these statistics (whicti surely means to
include everything), and to the growth
of the mining industry as therein indicated, Bince they speak both clearly
and with due authority of the present
and future prospects, etc., meaning, as
I take it, 1914.
P. W. would again mislead. He
States: "Again, the current wages
(not 1914) In and about the mines, etc.,
it distinctly states, 'the current wages
paid in and about the mines were as
follows.' It does not say 'not 1914,
but to anyone not pledged, or having
other motives; they would know, and
from my references it proves that it
means up to 1914."
I would like to ask my friend P. W,,
what were the wages about the middle
of 19141 Were they sufficient to make
conditlbns of life easy! Although
luxuries may be scarce, want was
known. If this was not so, then the
pamphlet is somewhat misleading.
As I am not an M. P. P., nor likely
to be one, I have the privilege of criticizing anyone's actions, and those who
know me better than my friend P. W.,
know that (allowing for Ignorance and
mistakes), I try to give, and get, a
square deal, and up to now I have had
no need to play to the gallery. In all
good feeling to my friend P. W. .
880 Madison street, Victoria, B. C,
Soptember 8, 1915,
Bricklayers Enlist
About forty members of the Hamilton Bricklayers' and Masons' union are
now either overseas or in training for
the front.
Not Even Quorum Left.
The Ottawa Horse Shoers' Union, owing to so many of its members having
onllsted, has    temporarily    ceased to
An Ideal Home
I will sacrifice my house and
two lots, 66 feet frontage by 122
feet depth, in 600 block, Eighth
avenue east, for immediate sale;
.modern cottage; improved; lots
more than worth the money;
mortgage can be arranged.
Biggest snap in Vancouver.
Am going to the front ln a
few weeks.
Apply 167 Eighth avenue east,
Vancouver, B. O.
Spencer's Boys' Shoes
Specially built for hardwear
These shoee are built to our special order with an extra heavy shank
continued through and forming part of the heel. This is the foundation
for the solid wear that every parent is looking for.
BOYS' BOX OALP CHEQUE BOOTS-Solid throughout, built with two
full soles through to the heel; stout uppers, on broad, easy fitting last.
Sizes 4 to TA; price. .". $1.75
Sizes 8 to 10%; price.,..".. ......  ...... .......1.85
Sises 11 to 18%; prjee ....: (2.45
Sizes'1 to 5%; price .-. ,....42.85
BOYS' BOX CALP BOOTS—This is a slightly lighter shoe than the
Chrome but has the same heavy shank and sole feature. A flnt class shoe
for school br best.
SlzeB 4 to 7%; price.  '. , $1,85
Sizes 8 to 10%; price $2.25
Sises 11 to 13%; price .12,65
Sites 1 to 5; price ,$3.00
David Spencer Limited
-■■I " **"" ■'!■■-'     HI-'      —       !--■ ■ —■! .11—1 .        ,_
European Plan
Boon, tl and »1.50 ptr Bay.
Boom, with Bath, |iJW and 12 per Day
i American Plan
12*60 to 13.50 per Day
Cor. Seymour and Dunsmuir Sts,        Most Central Location in Vancouver
Two Stores and Three OfficesTo Let,
At Low Rentals, in the
Cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets
Tbo completion of tho Geonjia-Harrls Streot Viaduct has placed
the Labor Templo ln the flower of down-town traffic
II interested call on or phone      ^^^
Seymour 7495
ROOM 211
|^|   Phone Seymour
New Blectric Auto Bu* Meeta til Beats -si Trains Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Most
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ; 100 with Private Baths
ECBOPEAN PLAN, (1.00 per Day np. *
Absolutely Fireproof
"Serves Tou Bight"
Oor. Abbott and Ponder
European Plan
Boom with detached Bath for #1.00
per day up.
Boom with Private Bath for $1.60
per day up.
Grill unsurpassed; moderate prices.
Our Free Auto Bus meets all boats
and trains.
Provincial Hotels Co., Ltd.
W. V. Moran, Resident Manager      Howard J. Sheehan, President
m mrffo
■mil -ftiir.
The most progressive and enterprising newspaper
in British Columbia.
Strictly independent in politics—the .mouthpiece
of no corporation—the organ of no pjirty.
Full Associated Press Service and Special War
News daily.
T. P. O'Connor cables a letter twice a week on the
war as it relates to British politics and public men.
The World's Editorial Page makes a strong appeal
to all classes.
A new novel complete every week.
Scoop, the Cub Reporter, every evening, is a sure
cure for "the blues."
Correspondents in every district.
The World advocates prohibition of the liquor
traffic during the war.
Subscription price by mail in Canada and British
possessions, $3 per year in advance.
Subscription price by mail to the United States,
$6 per year in advance.
■' By carrier delivery in Vancouver and Greater
10 cents per week—er $5 per year in advance.
THB WOULD LIMITED John Nelson, Waned nt Director
amg!tWi-:.-i "i-.-r-et.**,.


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