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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 12, 1915

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Array ■*WS!"""?"<",!!l"^^^^«P!pPI*(PJ
FtSrSf).    $1.50 PER YEAR
Ducal Domain of Dreadful
Disease Still Able to
Come Back
Wars and Wars That Might
Be Really Worth Men's
[By W. M. C]
In tho midst of mutual rocriminations
between tho patriots and thoso "without tho pale," (it may also bo spolt
pail, without any incongruity), nnent
Blacking, nnd profiteering, and preying
upon the nation's necessity, the following oxcorpts ean well boar comparison.
At the Old Oame.
Tho following letter appeared in the
Highland News (Scotland), of 2nd October, over tho signature of the hon,
secretary of the Highland Land league.
"Sir,—The Highland Land league appeals to you and your readers to support
it in preventing tho Duke.of Sutherland
evicting a Highland family from their
homo under tho following circumstances: Maekay, of Crocan, Sutherland,
who is 83 years of age, has three sons
at present serving with the colors. . He
owes nothing to the duke, who merely
wants Maekay'a place   to   add to ™
grouse moor.
Tho case is down
for hearing at Dornach. ... Is the
nation going to permit the Duke of
Sutherland to take advantago of the
son's absence with the colors to throw
■the helpless old father and two women
out of thoir shelling just as the winter
is coming on?"
The duke certainly doeB not believe in
allowing such a small matter as the present war to interfere with his conducting "business as usual." ThiB action
must be very comforting to those workers who are fighting for "their" country!
.  In Scotch Mines.
Then about this "slacking" business.
The men in the Edinburgh (Scotland)
collieries lost several shifts lately, and
a howl went up from the "patriots"
about "more slacking." The mon retorted, by pointing to the facts of the
case, that "Carberry Colliery and Wai-
lyford Colliery were idle on 17th ult.,
and again on 20th ult.; and the Niddrio
. and Benhar Collieries were idle a half
shift on tho 20th and 22nd ult., through
wagon shortage.
Then tho Edinburgh 'Evening News1
raises its brows in surprise, and wonders what the men are getting So angry
about. They aro getting tired of playing scape-goat for a bunch of bunglers
that's all!
War All the Time,
quotation from Novikow's "War,
It's Alleged Benefits," is interesting at the present time: "From the
year 1490 B. C. to 1862 A. D., in 3358
years, thero wero 227 years of peace and
3130 years of war; or 13 years of war
to every year of peace Within the last
three centuries there havo been 286
wars in Europe.
"From tho year 1500 B. C. to 1860
A, D. more than 8000 treaties of peace,
meant to remain in force for ever, were
concluded. The average time they remained in force was two years. . . if
war was able to decide differences, how
Is it that 8000 wars have settled nothing!" Interesting question! Better
ask Riley; or Rothschild; or the Armament ring; or some of "our Empire
builders"; or Oeorge Bernard Shaw.
Wars are a national diversion or pastime; and are necessary as a national
blood-letting. This may come aB a surprise to many, and that in an age of
surprises, and other things too numerous
too mention. But it iB so. Have I not
said sof So also have others. Let. that
suffice. Of course, to be a diversion or
pastime, war must not occur within a
nation. It would then become a national calamity; a rebellion against law and
order; not violence; and anarchy.
A Different Kind of War,
For example, if a group of workmen
decided that thoy needed an extra sandwich in their dinner pails, or a new pair
of boots for the kids; and upon demanding the necessary increase in wages
from their employer to meet this extravagance, were refused; and quit work,
and demonstrated; and fell foul of the
militia, and got pumped full of lend;
this would not be a national diversion
or pastime, in the strict and proper
sense of tho term, (though aU nations
utilize these occasions to keop their
soldiers in fit and proper training for
the main event); but would be a case of
Sure and simple anarchy, and only in-
ulged in by traitors, slackers, socialists, trades unionists and other degenerates.
When the workers of a nation become adiposo and stale, and the wrinkles in their eating apparatus fill out,
through the consuming of too many sirloins, (from the neck), and the over indulgence in bank holidays; and the
workers of another nation or nations
war likewise, it becomes a national physical necessity, and in the interests of
humanity, that they be sent to tote
guns; dig trenches, drink foul water,
wear crummy clothes, and spill as much
blood aB possible in the least possible
And the more blood spilled,' and tho
more human vivisection! Bts engaged,
the better for all concerned; for the armament ring, the shipping federation,
the coal barons, the stock exchange,
and Rothschild. Those who are not concerned are degenerates, and lack manhood.
■*tt will thus be seen that war is nocefl-
sarv for the human uplift, and to make
us less selfish, and egoBtlc, and fat. Wnr
is not supposed to settle anything;
never was, and never did. Brains are
for that purpose.   Selah!
What WUl Bumper Crop Do7
It. would be interesting to learn from
the advocates of that celestial national
condition, back-to-the-landia, 'just by
how much the high cost of living is going to be roduced by this year's bumper
cropB. We assuredly had bumper crops
this season—that is, until the elevator j
trust, and the railroad trust, and the
Vancouver Trades and Labor couneil wishes to an-1
flounce that the first meeting
under the auspices of The
People's Forum will be hejd
in the Labor Temple next
Sunday evening, November
14, at 8 :l5. The speaker will
be Dr. Wesbrook, principal
of the new University oi British Columbia. The subject
of his address will be "The
People's University." Admission will be free. All trade
unionists are urged to be present, and a cordial welcome
is extended to the general
public. After the main address, there will be opportunity for questions and short
Again Legislature Will Be
Asked to Give the City
Later Next Year a Board of
Control May Be Added
to This
Tho city council met on Monday night
with a full board. The final loading of
Alderman Mcintosh's bylaw to reduce
the representation from each word to j
one alderman, passed the council without discussion, the vote being nine to
seven in favor of the bylaw. At the
previous meeting the vote stood eight
to seven, Aid. Enright being the absentee.
The vote was as follows:
For eight aldermen—Bryne, Enright,
Gale, Hamilton, Kirk, Mahon, Mcintosh,
Rogers and Trimble.
Against eight aldermen—Aid. Crowe,
Elliot, Hoskin, James, Eirkpatrick, McBeath and Woodside.
It will not be necessary for tho bylaw
to go before the people, becauso it is
provided in the city charter that the
council haB powor to regulate the number of wards in the city, as well as the
representation thereof. The proposed
new Bystem, which will go into effect
next January, is in keeping with the
board of control system, which will be
brought before the legislature noxt year
as an amendment to the city charter.
The board of control provides for a
mayor, four controllers, elected at large,
and one alderman for each ward, to be
elected by the ratepayers of that ward.
Two years ago the people voted in favor
of this plan by a large majority, and
now the board of control amendment is
in the hands of the city Bolicitpj...
Lnst year the city council endorsed
the people's vote and went to the legislature to have the necessary amendment
to the city charter passed. The houso
refused to pass it on the grounds that it
was Illegal, that the four controllers
wero not given sufficient authority, the
eight aldermen being able to override
their decision by a mere majority vote.
In almost every city where a board of
control is now elected, tho decision of
the four controllers cannot be rescinded
without a contrary vote of two-thirdB of
the aldermen.
On October 12th last, Aid. Mcintosh
urged the council to declare itself in
favor of the board of control 'system.
This proposition was turned down.
On October 25th, the aldermen went
on record in favor of tho board of control and instructed City Solicitor Jones
to bring in a draft of the proposed
amendment as submitted to tho legislature last year. This will be further
discussed at a special meeting of the
Aid. Crowo voted against the eight-
aldermen system Monday night. Last
September ho moved to have only one
ward in the city and have ten aldermen
and a mayor, all to be elected at large.
This proposition was defeated.
Although tho final reading of the
eight-aldermen system was carried by a
vote of nine to seven, it does not follow
that next year's city oouncll will only
havo half the present number of aldermen. Tho aldermen may change their
minds In the meantime.
He Never Saw Anything to
Equal It in the Old
European Conditions Here
in a Very Intensified
Degree Now
Mr. G. N. Barnes, the British" labor
M. P., who was in Vancouver a short
time ago on an official mission to secure
munition workers for Great Britain, is
giving his impressions of Canada to the
London Daily News and Leader. He
paints a blue .picture of conditions in
the Dominion and finds much to criticize.
Worse Than in Britain.
Canada iB a great country—in the
making—he said, on his return to England. It is a great .area, in variety of
climate, in natural resources—in fact, in
everything which should make it rich in
the welfare of itB people.
And yet it is reproducing in intensified form some of the troubles of the
Old World. I'have never seen in Great
Britain such an acute unemployed problem aB has been forced upon my attention during the lasf three months „in
Unemployed Everywhere.
Everywhere there has been a great
number of unemployed men, and on all
hands there have been stories of industrial depression. Some towna have been
denuded of 20 per cent, of their population during the last two years.
'Houses are empty and are falling into
delapidation. Buildings which hnd been
in course of construction when the
slump came on are boarded up and left
unfinished. Building, in fact, west of
Winnipeg is virtually at a standstill,
and likely to be for some time to come,
because every place is built far in advance of requirements,
Montreal and Vancouver.
At Montreal I had to wait to see the
mayor while he was trying to appease
a crowd of unemployed who had invaded
the city chnmbors; at Winnipeg there
wore snid to be 12,000 idle men out of
work; at Vnncouver there weronearly
as many; and at every place between
there were idrft men and signs of slackness.
I hnve beon there as, a momber of a
commission sent out to obtain mechanics
for Great Britain, and everywhere we
have been besieged by men who claimed
to answer to the description. Men have
surged around us begging for work, and
it has been a most painful task to reject those who had not the necessary
qualifications, and for many of whom
there is but the outlook of a rigorous
winter and nothing to do.
Suggested Scheme Outlined
by Executive .Council
at Convention
Advised that Each Nation
Send Two Delegates
to Conference
Norway Women's First Vote.
Women voted for tho first time 'at
Norwegian general elections on November 11. The new electors added to the
rolls number 170,000, of which the press
predicts the greater part will go to swell
the socialist representation in parliament. The ballot was won by the Norwegian women June 11, 1913, when the
Storthing unanimously agreed to extend
the right of all women to vote, without
regard to the amount of their income
banks, and the stock exchange, got hold
of them—but any appreciable reductions in the eost' of living has not been
noticeable thus far.
Of course, there's the war to blame—
or somo other convenient scapegoat.
There is always some blamed thing to
blame; but tho cost of living goes on
soaring. And the peculiar thing is, the
bumper crop don't bump the farmer so
very strongly* as he gets a lowor price
for his crops. Iu fact, the knowing farmer prefers an average crop, as thero is
less labor involved in it, and the prices
are better. So it looks as if tho ndvo-
cntos of thiB rural Elysium, and the
scekors after a lower cost of living, will
have to try another schome.' How about i
investigating the currency?
Results   Show   All
Have Carried.
Below is given the rosult of the vote
on the four amendments to the laws of
the International union submitted to
the membership under date of September 2, 1015:
First Proposition—To increase the
per capita tax 5 contB per month for the
purpose of extending the Union Printers' Home and for the support thereof:
For, 21,313; against, 14,900.
Second Proposition—To correct an
error of a previous convention by
which tho amount of the mortuary benefit was increased and tho word "continuous' inadvertently omitted from the
law: For, 32,741; against, 2,807.
Third Proposition—To amend the
priority law so as to make any substitute with an office standing of at least
sixty days eligible to a vacant situation,
and give subordinate unions power to
establish scale provisions governing the
filling of situations and the disposal of
extra work: For, 21,570; against, 14,054.
Fourth Proposition—To abolish seven-
day situations, establish a six-day standard for situations throughout the en-
tiro jurisdiction and amend Section 127,
General Laws, to conform to the six-day
standard if adopted: For, 24,074;
against, 10,806.
The Power of Organization.
Tho isolated worker, without the assistance and support of his fellow workers, cannot raise wages, nor can he shorten the hours of toil. Single-hnndod he
cannot resist reduction of wages successfully; neither can he prevent tho imposition   of   unfair   shop   conditions.
Regarding tho plan to call an international congress, of labor representatives at the same timo and place that
terms of peace are being arranged between warring nations of Europe, the
report of tho executivo council of the
American Federation of Labor ia con'
vention at San Francisco this week
Many Difficulties.
There are various difficulties that
arise in making a plan to convene the
proposed conference.,. Not all the organized labor movements of the world
belong to the International Federation
of Trade unions, and not all countries
have national centres or federated labor
movements, consequently any regulation
for representation in such a congress
must have considerable flexibility.
Tbe Plan Suggested.
This perhaps would be a workable
Let every national centre affiliated to
the International Federation of Trade
unions send not more than two dele'
gates to the conference.
The labor movement of any country,
even though not affiliated, could send
one delegate.
If there is no one general labor movement in a country, let the representatives of the organizations of that country agree to send one delegate. It happens that many of the European countries consist of several nations, which
have their separate national labor organizations.
The wage earners of many countries
have not yet effected national organiza-
"-     It would be extremely difficult to
got in touch with the responsible officials of these labor movements aB quickly as might be necessary in order for
them to send representatives to the proposed labor conference. It is necessary
then to make provisions for the representation of such countries in some
other than purely formal methods.
To Expedite the Scheme.
It is suggested that, in addition to the
formal invitations sent out to labor
centres, that publicity be given to these
invitations through the press, and that
the notice of the time and place of holding the conference shall constitute in itself nn invitation to ^participate in that
conference through authorized represen^
In the meantime until then if there
be timo the E, C. of the American Federation of Labor be authorized and em'
powered to oxtond formal invitations
and issue the call in the nnme of the A.
F. of L,, and at the earliest possible mo'
ment after action has been taken by
this convention.
Iu view of the fact that peace, when
it comes, will probably come very
quickly, and there will be comparatively
little time for making provisions for
the labor conference and for circulating
information in regard to that conference, it might be well to prepare in advance a circular to be sent to national
centres, national labor movements and
to be circulated by the labor p.'ess of
the world generally in order that a more
completo representation may be obtained.
Then it should also be understood that
representatives to this congress must be
either officials or duly accredited representatives of economic organizations of
wage earners. No representations of
political organizations, of philanthropic
associations or any other sort of an organization except a bona fide labor organization, shall be admitted as members of the conference.
Provisions for Publicity.
The delegates to this international
conference beforo lonving their home
countries should make provisions for
publicity through the labor press of
their countries for the deliberations nnd
tbe decisions of tho labor conference bo
that the wago earners of the whole
world would be in possession of the
truth in regard to wbat transpires.
In order that the position of the
workors of tho United States In regard
to international peace and wnr mny be
fully representative and carry with it
United with hla fellows'into a tradejthe weight of the unanimous voico of la-
union, safeguarded by a proper financial
system, nnd insuring the' payment of
benefits in cases of strikes and lockouts, his chances for Improvement increase one hundred fold.—Cigarmakers'
bor of tho country, wo recommond that
all international trado unions be urged
to give their endorsement and pledge
their co-operation to the progrommo and
plan outlined by thiB convention for the
holding of a world's labor conference.
"If thore were about 2000 more jobs available for up-
skilled.labor in Vancouver, the most of the urgently unemployed might be provided for this winter," said a local business agent to The Federationist this morning, "With the
thousands who have enlisted for overseas service, in both
war and industry, the few outdoor public works which have
been started, recently and the general feeling that conditions have 'struck bottom,' and must necessarily improve
from now on, the number of families in actual want is much
less than hitherto. The metaliferous mines are taking on a
number of men all over the province; coal mining seems to
bo picking up a.little; the timber industry is somewhat-active, but, of course, that concerns Orientals and Hindus
largely; a few.concerns are filling small orders for war materials, but most of that work is done back east, where the
manufacturers savvy politics, patriotism and profits. But,
at that, if half of the undertakings spoken of in tho looal
daily press are gone ahead with, the coming winter will see
less hunger and want than prevailed among the workless a
year ago. Many empty houses, left by those who have been
compelled to leave the city, have caused a slump in rentals,
and in some respects the cost of living has been slightly reduced, or, perhaps, the workers have learned to live on less.
At any rate, tho unemployed problem will not be so serious
as might have been expected, chiefly because there are fewer
people involved."
An Effort Made to Remain
Faithful to Its Former
Says War and Racial Animus Are Mere Episode
in History
In a recent appeal to subscribers, the
Berlin. Vorwaerts, official organ of the
sooial democratic party of Germany, sets
forth the lines upon which it has been
conducted since the outbreak of the
war, declaring that it has been at pains
to preserve, ItB character and remain
faithful to the socialist view of things.
' * The world war,'' wrote Vorwaerts,
"has now raged for 14 months. The
appear ance of the press has undergone
a complete alteration.
Political Trace to Silence.
"Political discussions havo for the
most part vanished under the influence
of tho political truce. In their place
war r.ews filled nun/ cr tunas of tho
papois. Even readen tmnong the hour-
goise complain of the uniformity of tho
press, and exclaim that one paper looks
almost the sumo as another.
"Dcspito the difficulty of tho situation, which difficulty can be by no
means adequately gauged by the groat
mass of the public, the Vorwaerts has
been at pains strictly to preserve its
Allegations Regarding Conditions ip a Vancouver
What Is Fair Wage Applied
to Work Performed
By Women
and that it is the function of all policy
that is far-seeing and based on real historical judgment, to begin to lay in the
present the foundation of the future."
Mexican Leader of Peasant Population
Remains ttae. Dominant Figure.
Amid all the comings and goings, Zapata still holds his own in Mexico. Four
years or so ago, at the very inception
of the revolution, the papers had killed
him almost daily. Since then the story
of his brutalities has been the favorite
theme of all that army of writers monopoly commands, but Zapata remains a
dominant figure, having apparently the
united support of the peasant population throughout the extensive terirtory
over which his influence now extends.
How could he retain that support,
year after year, if his rule was as tyrannical as represented! How could
this man, who hns had no powerful connections and no financial backing, have
kept on top so long if in some way he
did not represent the true aspirations
of the masses f
As Bangel informed the writer, Zapata knew little or nothing of the
"isms" that divide the revolutionary'
movement, and said simply that the
land belonged to the people and tbat it
was the business of the revolutionists to
help them win it back.
Preparedness ln V. 8. A.
The entire militia of Arizona has
been ordered out by Governor Hunt to.
proceed to Clifton where 6,000 copper
minera hnve been on strike for a month.
The miners are in the Morenci-Metcalf
district. The strike is for restoration
of the wage scale thnt prevailed before
depresio set in in the sonchnppr market,
depression set in in.tho copper market.
When the dull period commenced, wages
were reduced ten por cent., with the:
understanding thnt they would be restored when bettor times canio.
Tho demand for copper brought on by
the wnr has caused prices to rise, but
tho company holds that the old rate can
not be restored until the price of copper
reaches sixteen cents.   At other camps
StnM^^^^ilvlS-i to its' feii^^^
socialist view of things, a view for
which it has fought from the moment of
its foundation, and which is in consonance with tho economic and historic
views which have found their clear expression in tho programme and in all
the resolutions adopted by the social-de
mocratic party.
Kept on Correct Lines.
"These correct party lines, which testify to the noble idealism and faithful
representation of proletariat interests of
the socialist labor movement, have won
to the party ever broader masses of the
people, and have created for the Vorwaerts its wido circulation as the banner of tho modern labor movement,
function which it will also retain in the
"The Vorwnerts publishes carefully
compiled extracts of the reports of military events. Its abBtontion from mis-
lending and ephemeral sensational nows
has already frequently won for it recognition in discerning bourgeois circles.
Belies Upon the Future.
In the treatment of mattors of external policy, and in questions concerning tho relntions of tho belligerent
stntes to ono niiothor, tho Vorwaerts hns
conscientiously avoided poisoning tho
torriblo struggle of tho powers with partisan reports, which havo no effect upon
tlie course of military events, and aro
only cnlculatod to sow a harvest of national animosity for the future.
"In the midst of tho passage at arms
of the present the Vorwaerts never forgets that the state of war and a rncial
animosity can be only a passing episodo
In the cultural development of mankind,
strikers demand $3 a day for shovellers
nnd laborers, $3.50 for miners, nnd an
avorngo of 29 cents nn hour for smelter
and mill workers!
Mass Meeing Sunday Evening.
Mass meeting, Labor Tomple, Sunday
evening, Nov 14. Dr. Wesbrook, speaker. Admission free. Every unionist in
the city should attend.
VANCOUVEB CITY COUNCIL decided last Monday night that after
next January it would consist of
eight members instead of sixteen. The
election of aldermen will still be by wards,
and not at large as was
moved by Alderman
Crowe and endorsed by
the Trades and Labor
council. If his plan had
carried, it would have
given the working class of Vancouver a
fairly reasonable chance of securing the
election of at least one or two direct representatives on the council.
• • * •
This fact was fully realized by the aldermen last Monday, beeause a delegation
of the Trades and Labor council has already made the wishes of organized labor
in tho matter quite plain; and it will take
more than the plausibility of any one of
the city solons to convince us that they
did not intend to do their utmost to pre-
. vent the election of candidates of organized labor. What they wanted to do, and
did do was, to make the city council a still
closer corporation of property representatives.
The couneil will in future be a small
caucus of mediocre individuals in full control of all municipal affairs, and with the
emoluments of their office distributed over
a much less area, there is every reason to
believe they will be thoroughly satisfied
with such nn arrangement. Some, if not
all the present aldermen, will be up for reelection next January to the new Star
Chamber. Those who voted with the
"Yeas" last Monday should be remembered when that time comes.
Next Meeting to Be Held at Labor Temple, Wednesday Evening.
Tho pnrliamentary committee of the
central labor body will meet at Labor
Temple on Wednesday evening, Nov. 17.
Chairman Hardy is desirous of a good
turnout, as thero . are several matters
coming up for discussion of interest to
wage workors.
Unions nre also requested to send one
delegate each to the same meeting for
the purpose of organizing a separate
campaign committeo, to servo in both
municipal nnd provincial elections.
All Amendments Submitted By International Carried.
Internetionnl Hocretnry-Trensuror J.
W. Hays, of tho International union reports that all propositions submitted to
a referendum voto of the membership
on October 20, received large majorities
in favor of the nmondmonts voted on,
and which will bocomo effective on January 1, 1915.
The executivo committee has arranged
for a gathering of tho members of tho
union, to be held on the ovoning of No-
[By Miss Helena Gutteridge]
Under the heading of "Mr. Ramsay
Explains,'' Messrs. Ramsay Brothers, in
a letter appearing in the World of the
Oth inst., state that the charges made
against them at the last meeting of the
Trades and Labor council, re low wages
paid to their female employees, were
without foundation, and wero purely imaginary.
No Imagination About It
There is very little Imagination about
a statement of facts that are proven by
the threat of discharge held over the
head3 of the employees.
A threat to induce them to strain
every nerve in an effort to earn a minimum wage of $7:50 on piece work rates-
altogether too low, even before a cut
of 20 per centrhad been made.
There is very little imagination for a
woman trying to keep body and soul together on $5 per week, and too much
hard faot. There is nothing imaginary
about the desire for a new dress or a
good square meal and the lack of money
to purchase one or both.
Then Why Do Tbls?
If the statements are untrue, why did
Ramsay Bros., when paying off one of
the employees dismissed for not earning
the minimum, tell her that they would
see that she did not get employment in
any -candy factory in town, because
they suspected her of giving information with regard to conditions in their
If, as they state in their letter to the
World, they have always paid a fail
wage to their employees, why fear pub*
Hcity given as to amount earned per
week, or the "speeding up" required to
earn itf
What Is "Fair Wage"?
A great ddal turns upon just what
they mean by a "fair" wage. This
should be determined, not by the employer who considers a "fair" wage
just as little, as ho can get the girls to
work for without the general publie
having their attention drawn to it, but
the amount needed, and considered by
fair-minded, impartial persons to bo essential to. the well being of the individual. A wnge that not only just clothes,
feeds nnd shelters, but that will enable
women to bo well fed, well clothed and
provide a home that is a home and not
a bare shelter.
The World Letter.
A letter appeared in the World in
answer to that of Messrs. Ramsay Bros.
signed M. Gerrard, wherein the writer
drew attention fo the fact, that in the
state of Washington and in other states .
a minimum wage law is in force, regulated by a representative board of commissioners and not by the individual
em ploy it. regulated to prevent piecework prices being bo low as to bring
workers under the head of sweated labor.
To Help Investigate.
the appointment of a committee
from the Trndes council to seek an investigation re Ramsay Bros, is the first ■
step in the direction   of  a   minimum
wnge law for women in this country,
then it is up to thoso who are so very
oagor to help the "working girl"   to
como forward and act, not talk. To help
tho working woman to reach the positions where she will no longer be faced1. -
with semi-starvation or tbe alternative, .
only too common,   of   having a male'''
friend to "help" out.
Suspended Publication.
After an uninterrupted career of 142
yenrs the Nowburyport (Mass.) Herald,
one of the oldest newspapers in the
eountry, has suspended publication. It
wns started in 1773 and haB never
missed an edition, it is said. At ono
time William Lloyd Garrison, tho famous abolitionist, was an employee of tho
pnpor, serving his apprenticeship as a
Remains Found.
Advices from Campbell River state
that tbe remains of M, Now berg, a Pacific const logger, liave just been found,
nbout five miles from the spot ho was
Inst seen alive on September 18, 1014.
Ho wns an employee at the camp of tho
International Timbor company of Camp-
boll Rivor. Apparently tho body had
been attacked by wild beasts, for the
vomber 21, In Labor T°™pW Wljenfiw | JgX R.n_L "maAnin.g ,cIotj!i"ff. were
address will bo given by Sergeant Youhill, who recently returnod from the
wnr zone.
Up to dnte twenty-two members of
Vancouver Typo, union have enlisted
for homo nnd nversens military duty,
ono of whom. Lieut. R. P. Latta, was
killed at Ypres, and another, Sergeant
W. H. Youhill, hns boon invalided homo
on three months' lonvo of nbsenco. The
latest f'6 loave for tho front were Privates J. W. Ross of the World composing room, nnd W. Crn irk shank of the
Terminal City Press, who left with the
47th bnttallnn last Sunday. PrivntOB
W. Murdoch, A, McLean nnd M. McLean, all of the World composing room,
nre In trnining with the 02nd bnttnlinn
nt. Hastings Pnrk, as is also Private J.
T. O'Brien of Kvnns & Hastings offlce.
Employed 860 Men.
During tho month of October 800 men
were given employment on the scwernge
work, whilo 284 men were posted to
commence work but hnd not put in nn
appearance. To date 1243 applications
for work on the sewers havo been received. The committee hns decided thnt
in future the workmen will bo employed
for two weeks nt a timo, nnd tho engineer was instructed to put 400 mon to
sproad around in tho bush. It is impossible to tell whether Nowberg died by
being shot or not. He borrowed a riflo
with tho intention of going hunting, nnd
that was the last hoard of him. The deceased was well and favorably known
by loggers in Vancouver.
Letter Carriers Meet.
Tho regular meeting of branch No. 12
F. A. L. C. was hold in Labor Templo
on Nov. 6th. Dels. Knowles and Dodd
reported Trades nnd Labor council
meetings. A communication wns received from Federated Secretary Me-
Mordie, stating thnt the postponed biennial convention would bo hold in Vancouver, B. C, on or nbout Aug. 15, 1016.
Tho following were nominated for office in 1010: President, Frod KnowJes,
li. O. Carl; vice-president, 3. Griffiths, J.
CosB. W. Derrick, M, Buck; secretory,
H. Wright; assistant secretary, J. Dodd;
tyler, A. Rivett, W. Mnyne, — Roberts;
Trades nnd Labor council delegates, F.
Knowles, J. Dodd, A. Cook, J. CnsB, R.
Kirk wood; collectors, main offico, J.
Cass, L. Kompj Sub C, A. Cook; Sub B,
A. Rtvotts; North Vnncouver, A. Prime;
parcol post and mail collectors, — Roberts. Next meeting will be election of
officers.  Dou 't forgot dato, Dec. 3.
98 Blanches ln Canada
A general banking business transacted. Circular letters of credit
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at Ugliest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital • - • I 11,800,00
Reserve     12,800,000
Total Aeeete 180,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account,* and your
buelnesa will be welcome be It large or
Branches and correspondents
throughout the world
Assets ....
| Deposits ....
.. 261,000,000
.... $46,000,000
The Safe Investment
of Small Funds
is to most men a difficult problem,
and  many  have  lost  all  their
money   through   unwise   investments,
If your funds are deposited in
Savings Department yoa may be
sure they are in the safest place
Our   large   Assets   and   Reserve
Fund afford a comfortable feeling
of security to all our customers.
Interest paid on balances twice a
Paid-up Capital.. .. ..$6,000,000
Referred Funda $6,307,272
Corner Hastings and Gamble Sts.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities ln Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock anl
.Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions ot IM aeres
to Actual Settlers—
TERMS—Besldenee on the land
for at least three years; improve-  II
meats to the extent of tt per
acre; bringing under eultivation
at leut Ive aeres.
For further information apply to
To write or talk, that', the quo...
tlon I Throe minute, of quick, decl.lve
telephoning, or throe doys of indecisive corresponding!
Settle the matter now by a telephone call! Costa much leas than die*
tation, typing, atatlonery, .tamp and
the time lost I    Much leaa.
|    Take a talk trip by tolephone.
Printers and
Labor Temple
Phone Sey. tttO
printers of The Fkd.
Published every Friday morning by the B. O. Fedora-
tlontst, Limited
R. Parm Pettipiece Manager
J. w; Wilkinson Editor
Offlce: Boom S17, Labor Temple.   Telephone Exchange
Seymour 7486
Subscription: ,1.50 per year; tn Vancouver City, $2;
to unions subscribing in a body, $1.
M. L. Frailer Advertising Manager
Thos. Holtby Circulation Manager
New Westminster W. E. Maiden, Box 934
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning. Box 581
Victoria A. S. Well., Box 1S88
Afflliated with tho Western Labor Preaa Aasoeiatlon
"Pnlty of Labor; the Hope et the World"
convention, in the ordinary course
of things, will be held in Vancouver some time towards the end of next
January.   We understand that the executive officers of the Fede-
provincial       ration are now consider-
federation       'nB ""8 matter in view
CONVENTION.      °* t^ie oonditions which
prevail, and the desirability  of   pressing   for
working class legislation at a time when
the political situation may perhaps be expected to bring better results than at ordinary times.
• ';■*•• • •
In one or two isolated quarters, a convention next January may not seem to
be desirable. Last year that feeling existed also. "We ourselves inclined to the
opinion that a successful gathering could
not be expected in view of the deplorable
conditions obtaining then. But the Nanaimo convention enitrely disproved that
idea. From a numerical and every other
standpoint it was a gratifying surprise.
True, it only lasted three days as compared with the five days taken up by previous ones, but it was certainly one of the
most business-like of the conventions yet
held by the Federation.
• •      •      •
It left behind it a reassuring impression
which was needed—a fact which was commented upon by all the delegates who attended it. We do not know just what
considerations the executive officers may
have to take into account this year. But
from one viewpoint we feel the convention might be held as usual with very
good reasons. The new Workmen's Compensation act promised by the government
is not yet law;
• e       e       •
It is practically certain that another
session of the provincial legislature will
be held early in the year, when this measure will be dealt with. That session will,
in all likelihood, take place pretty soon
after ,thc usual time for the Federation
convention, and it would be well that the
government should be made to see that the
labor organizations are just as active in
this matter as formerly.
• •      •      •
With Vancouver as the convention city,
there shfuld be no difficulty in securing a
good attendance of delegates. The executive officers will no doubt discuss the matter in all its bearings, and take such action as seems best under the circumstances. In the meantime there could be
no harm in the local unions talking it
over. An expression of opinion from them
would doubtless be welcomed by the exec*
utive as a guide to them in their efforts
to come to the wisest dicision.
PEACE AND WAB is dealt with under one of the captions of the report of the executive council of
the American Federation of Labor, which
is in convention at San Francisco this
week. The section is
presumably devoted to
discussing ways and
means whereby the
Federation can be used
to bring the warring nations together in a peace satisfactory to
each other, and to the eternal glory of the
• •      •      •
But after reading it, one feels that the
path to immortal fame will be strewn with,
more risks than are involved in the wording of this pronouncement on the question. Practically speaking, it is no more
than a string of prose designed to say nothing as pleasantly as possible under
rather difficult circumstances. Nationalism, the fatal defect in the mental outlook of the workers of Europe, is what
the executive council of the A. F. of L.
was afraid of when it wrote this part of its
• •      •      •
It feared violent disruption in the convention, where nationals of every one of
the countries at war would be seated as
delegates. The lower the degree of international working class consciousness, the
higher the degree of nationalism would
be. And the vast majority of the delegates to the A. F. of L. convention arc certainly not strong enough on thorough-going internationalism, to stand the test
which a more definite pronouncement on
this question would mean.
• *      *      *
The executive council, ^knew this, and
evidently decided to maintain the integrity of the convention and the Federation,
even at the cost of rendering both useless
so far as being able to do anything real in
the promotion of peace in Europe is concerned. Thoir pompous resounding verbosity means nothing. And eventually it
will be found that that is as much as the
American Federation of Labor will be able
to do by way of setting its impress on the
peace negotiations in Europe when they
finally take place.
Lord NorthoUffe says that civil war is
coming in the United States. Being the
official head of one of the largest news
distributing organizations the world has
ever seen, it is perhaps no more than natural he should not have heard of Colorado
et al,
THE DEATH KNELL of the "born
to   rule"  type  of  man  is  being
sounded in Britain these days.  The
privilege to govern, whieh has up to now
been considered the heritage of the aristocracy and more well-to-
_„„   * do, will be a heap of
.„ IS ruins by the time they
ALL OVEB **ave comPle'ecl lhe pro
cess of proving their utter lack of imagination
and all round incompetence.   And they
will not be long doing that at the rate
they are moving now.
Just which element will exercise most
control over national affairs after the war
will remain to be seen, but it will have a
big job before it if the prophecy of the
London Clarion matures. That journal in
a recent issue says:
What sort of a world will it be to
which we shall open our eyes when
this nightmare is oveH It will be a
world of mourning, a world garbed
mostly in black. There will be a
proportion never before equalled of
widows, childless mothers and orphans. There will be an extraordinary lack of lusty young men, and a
. woeful plenty of crippled, blind,
broken, dependent men. There will
be a general impoverishment and
great misery. The labor market will
be suddenly glutted with vast armies
of unemployed and unemployable.
The workers' protective unions will
be dislocated and out of use. The machinery of war industry will have to
be scrapped, and the normal appliances of .peaceful production gradually restored. Wholesale and terrible financial collapse will occur.
Thousands of traders will be unable to
meet their liabilities. The money
market will be shifted from London
to New York, and the dollar will be
substituted for the pound sterling as
the standard of exchange. Taxes
must be piled upon taxes to carry the
dead weight of the nation's debt, for
the interest will in itself vastly surpass the whole of our former expenditure.
Can this be the possible condition which
inspired the recent utterances of Lord
Loreburn and the bottomless Bottomley?
Wait and see!
NEXT SUNDAY EVENING, Vancouver Trades and Labor council will
initiate  one  of the most public-
spirited experiments which it has ever
made.   The first meeting under the auspices of what is to be
jgj, known   as'   the   "Peo-
PEOPLE'S Ple's Fon*m>" will be
forum. 'le'1' 'n t'ie ^abor tem
ple. According to the
plans of the committee
which has this matter in hand for the
council, the work of the "Forum" will be
as broad and as liberal as possible in its
To its platform each Sunday evening,
will be invited men and women speakers
on one or another subject of public interest. It will not be required of them that
they avow allegiance to some particular
belief or party, either political, religious
or otherwise. Just so long as they have
something to say, of definite public interest and usefulness—and feel able to say it
— they will be welcome. That alone
should serve to guarantee immunity from
any approach to deadly uniformity insofar as the character of the meetings is concerned.
•      •      •      •  '
Speakers will not necessarily be invited
to occupy the platform because it is felt
beforehand that they will express views
entirely identical with the objects of the
Trades and Labor council. The object will
rather be to secure diversity of views, in
order that out of the conflict of ideas the
best will assert itself. The plan certainly
deserves, and should attract, the support
of the public in general, and the labor
movement in particular.
e.     •       • '     *
In securing Dr. Wesbrook, the principal
of the newly-established University of
British Columbia as the first speaker, the
council is launching its new experiment
with a speaker who has the reputation of
being lucid and thoroughly able to expound' his subject. Not very much is
known—in fact practically nothing is
known—among tho working class, as to
how far that institution can be useful or
available to the workers. Dr. Wesbrook
will doubtless make it his especial business
to deal with this aspect of his subject, and
for that reason his lecture should be interesting to working men.
THE LABOB DEPARTMENT at Ottawa is to be requested by Vancouver Trades and Labor council to inquire into the allegations made at a recent
meeting of that body, regarding the wages
and conditions under
which females work in
AGAINST t*ie "ooa" *ac*ory "f ^am"
RAMSAY'S say brothers. We realize
that the industry referred to docs not come
within the scope of the Industrial Disputes
Investigation act, because it is not a public
inquiry enterprise.
e t • •
For that reason the department would
have no mandatory power to order an inquiry. But from the following letter
which appeared in The World last Monday, it would appear that the firm in question would itself welcome an inquiry. The
letter read:
Sir,—In your issue of tho 5th inst.,
reference has been made to this company by a delegato of tho Trades and
Labor council. The apparent charges
contained in the resolution arc the
highest heights of imagination, originating from a brain evidently under
very high nervous tension. The statements aro absolutely false, very wild
and without any foundation what
ever, therefore a denial of the charge
is not necessary.
The company court investigation
into any matters pertaining to their
•female help. A federal investigation
meets with our entire approval, and
would be entirely welcome. This
eompany is at all times quite willing
to allow their records to be examined
in regard to wages paid their employees by responsible parties. An
examination will reveal at once that a
fair wage has always been paid. The
statements accorded to Miss Gutteridge are mud-raking tactics and a
very melodramatic way of endeavoring to secure for herself publicity and
fame. It is always a wise policy to
thoroughly" investigate first before
charges are made.
Thanking you for giving the above
space in your valuable paper, yours,
Vanoouver, Nov. 6, 1915.
With such willingness on the part of
this firm, it would seem that the department has every reason and encouragement
to proceed with an inquiry. We hope it
will lose no time in doing so.
political shuttlecock which it is today, there existed the worst of industrial conditions in the big manufacturing countries of the world.   Those conditions still exist.   They
it MAKES are not t*ne to t*le *^ac'*
NO REAL ^"at    al°0'10''0    liquors
niFiTRENOE       6an bc leeally manufae-
DIITBBENOE.        ^^ ^ ^    pr()hi
bition or no prohibition
Have nothing to do with the reasons for
their existence. Some of them strike at
the very foundations of physical fitness
of the race, and if prohibition were the
rule tomorrow they would still go on.
Take for instance two of them—child
labor and cheap female labor—in factories
and elsewhere. When it comes to a question of the fitness which the prohibitionist
professes to be desirous of, it is doubtful
if any other two causes contribute more to
physical and mental unfitness of the race
than these. Yet one docs not hear the advocates of prohibition attacking them, or
the cause of their existence.
*      *      *       •
That cause is not the consumption of,
or abstinence from, alcohol; and whichever is the rule it will not make any difference. It will take something deeper to
do that. Prohibition does not propose to
touch the foundations bf our modern industrial system, by exposing the fact that
the desire for large profits from industry
is the direct cause of most of the
worst industrial iniquities with their
corresponding social conditions. All it
can ever do is to effect a readjustment of
superficial things, to the material advantage of capitalists with no liquor trade investments. The business man, who contributes to the prohibitionist propaganda,
while at the same time he is taking advantage of an over-stocked labor market to
pay girls and women a wage on which it
seems impossible they can live—and wc
know a few such firms here—will certainly not pay a cent extra in wages, and sacrifice a part of his profits because prohibition wins.
Labor to him, the same as to any other
capitalist, is one of the things which he
must buy as cheaply as he can get it. He
must take advantage of any influence
which will bring the price of labor down.
It is one of the things which go to make
up the finished products from whioh he
derives profit when he sells them. And
the cheaper he can get it, the better his
chances of securing business in face of
competition. Personally, he really has but
little to do with the causes which force
him to act thus. It is the law of the industrial game as it is played today. Those
who do not like the idea of exploiting
someone else, must be prepared to submit
to exploitation or—well, or get out. There
is no third estate in the business. And so
it will continue to be so long as private
profit instead of social usefulness is the
objective of industry. So far as we are
concerned, we are indifferent whether the
law allows alcoholic liquor to be manufactured and sold or not. But we certainly
do not believe that prohibition can make
any basic change in the econtffhic position
of the working class in present day society. As long as their ability to live depends upon being able to find daily purchasers for the labor power of their
bodies it will require something more
than prohibition to make any real difference. They may not know that. But
there are a greBt many prohibitionists
who do.
Go to the "People's Forum" meeting at
the Labor Templo next Sunday evening
at 8:15.
What the lawyers look like doing to
what's left of the Dominion Trust finances,
if they are left to their own designs, will
have Arnold faded to a whisper. ^
Thomas Richardson, M.P, was the guest
of the Call, the New York socialist journal, at a concert, on his way back to England after coming to this country for
"Reader from the first" writes this
week to congratulate us on having kept
going through this strenuous period. He
wonders how we do it. So do we, until we
look in the mirror; then our emaciated
form supplies the answer.
San Francisco Bulletin says: The first
thing to recognize in the labor union
movement is that it is a natural product
of industrial conditions operating upon
tho ordinary msn. The same industrial
forces which created the capitalist and the
employer created the labor organization.
The interests of labor and capital are not
identical. The careful organization of the
one against the other is sufficient proof of
a conflict of interests,
Vancouver board of trade advises the
citizens of British Columbia to invest in
the new Canadian war loan. It iB to be
hoped that none of the few thousand
workmen who have been unemployed here
for the past twelve months will get rash
about the amount they invest.
It was bound to come sooner or later.
President Wilson has found a passage in
Ezekiel which justifies, in his opinion, an
increase of armaments in preparation for
war by the United States. He evidently
prefers $e pre-Christ prophets to the
"turn the other cheek" philosophy of a
later date.
Dr. William C. Gorgas, who had charge
of the sanitary work connected with the
building of the Panama canal, says: "The
increase of wages in the Panama canal
zone had more to da with the general
health conditions of the isthmus than any
sanitary measures employed there."
Bent strikes are going on all over Britain against the extortionate demands of
landlords, who in some cases have not hesitated to turn families of soldiers at the
front out into the street when they could
not meet the rise in rent'. The government
has promised to inquire into it. If that
gang of academic incompetents will only
keep at it long enough, even the dullest in
Britain will "get wise."
The British government has prohibited
shipping companies from .selling passages
out of England to men of military age,
unless they have a passport from the government. Latest reports "re to the effect
that Lord Derby's scheme for reoruiting
is a success, and that the voluntary system
of enlistment has been saved from failure,
making conscription unnecessary.
"Business" has but one interest in its
employees, and that is to secure the greatest possible amount of labor at the least
possible expense. The cost of living is increasing. When it increases to a point at
which the employees are unable to live, as
they havo been accustomed to living, they
will demand an increase in wages. If they
can force their employees to save a few
dollars that they have been spending for
alcoholic beverages employers can postpone the time when wages must be raised.
That is one motive.
Again we hear rumors that Premier Mc*
Bride is going to quit political office and
proceed to England as the agent-general
for British Columbia. This is for about
the fifty-'leventh timo. Charles the second
had the good grace to apologize for the
long time he was a-dying—it was about
the only creditable thing he did—but Dick
keops on saying nuff'n. Anyhow, when
he does go, he can be certain of a heartfelt send-off. The less his chances of com*
ing back, the more sincere his send-off
will be.
There is no other one factor so certain
to produce friction and strife as the Bpy
system, so often employed in great industrial plants, on railroads and traction
lines. It is very well understood, and by
none better than those who manage
the mis-named "Detective Agencies" that
the durance of the employment of spies
and spotters is contingent on their discovering that which the employer fears, or
suspects; therefore, it is to the advantage
of those engaged in that sneaking business
to report plots, and danger to the employers, whether the actual conditions warrant
such reports or not.
It is beside the point to argue whether
all women want to vote or whether women
would use it wisely. There has never been
a tyrant, individual or collective, who did
not believe that his subjects did not want
freedom and would use it unwisely if they
received it. The chattel slave owner repeated with monotonous iteration that the
negroes did not wish freedom and that
they would not know enough to use liberty
if it was given to them. There is not a
monarch in Europe who would not claim
that it is better for the people that he
should have absolute power. Sometimes
he does not express that opinion openly,
because his people have already relieved
him of some of his divine power, but in his
inner mind he believes that way.
Newspaper cables state that legislation
is to be introduced in Britain to prevent
some of the super-luxurious living which
has made its appearance there since the
war began. It will not be necessary to
apply it to the working class, whose wages
have only increased in the highest in
stances by 20 per cent, while the price of
living has gone up 40 per cent. That 40
per cent, accounts in a large measure for
the luxury complained of. It is chiefly
made up of the excessive profits of "patriots" who have taken advantage of the national crisis to make the poor pay still
more heavily for the privilege of living on
less, while their men folk are at the war,
whither they have continually been urged
to go by these same profiteers while the
latter stayed at home to carry on their
"business as unusual."
Says the Cleveland Citizen: Growing
discontent in Germany and rumors of revolutions brewing in both Germany and
Russia as a result of the war were reported by Mine. Alexandra Kollentay,
Petrograd, who arrived here from Chris-
tiania for a speaking tour under direction
of the German-speaking section of the so*
cialist party. Details of the conference
held September 5-8, near Berne, Switzerland, and participated in by some of the
leading socialists of Germany, Russia, Po
land, Switzerland, France, Italy and. the
Scandinavian and Balkan countries, were
given by Mme. Kollentay. She said that
large and influential bodies of socialists in
Germany and Russia planned to do all in
their power to end the war and1 to put an
end to imperialism in the countries named
—an end that oould only be obtained, it
was frankly stated, by the dethronement
of the Kaiser and the Czar. Mme. Kollentay is a friend and co-worker of the noted
German socialist, Karl Liebknecht.
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
3. 3. JONES,
Man. Director
Housee, Bungalows, stores
and modern suites for rent
at a big reduction.
Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at
(2.50 up.   Wills drawn up free of
Deposits accepted and Interest at
Pour iter cent, allowed on daily
first and third Thursdays. Executive
board: James H. MoVety, president; R, P.
Pettipiece, vice-president; George Bartley,
general secretary, 210 Labor Temple; Miss
If.  Gutteridtfe,  treasurer;  Fred,  A.  Hoover,
_...    —a-,   «**e*i"iwi   srea,   *\,   HOC...,
statistician; sorgeent-at-arms, John Sully; A.
—-■-*■-•»«. ■***<•>■*■•■■■-"'■■■"■arras, joni
J. Crawford, Fred. Knowles, V
trustees, *    *
ALLIED  PRINTING  TRADES    COUNCIL.—Meets  second  Monday  In   tbt
month.    President, H. J. Bothel; secretary,
R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
fice, Room 208 Labor Temple, Meets
flrat Sunday of each month. Preaident.
James Campbell; financial secretary, H,
Davis, Box 424, phone Sey. 4752; recording
secretary, Wm. MotUshaw, Globe Hotel, Main
—Meets every 1st and Srd Tuesday,
8 p.m., Room 307. President, Jamea
Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. fi.
Dagnall, Box 63; financial eecretary, F.
it. Brown; business agent, W. S. Dag-
null. Room 216.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vaneoaver Lodge No. 194—
Meets first and third Mondays. I p. m.
President, A. Campbell, T8 Seventeenth ave-
Union—Meets first Friday in each
month, 8:30 p, m., Labor Temple. A. Graham, busineu representative. Office: Room
206, Labor Temple. Hours: 8:80 a. ra. to
10; 2 to 5 p. ta. Competent help furnished
on abort notice.   Phone Seymour 8414.
meets room 205, Labor Temple, every
Monday, 8 p. m. President, Sam. Cawker,
557 Templeton Drlve;*recording secretary
R. N. Elgar, Labor Temple; financial secre*
tary and business agent, E. H. Morrison,
Room 207, Labor Temple,
NORTH AMERICA.-Vancouver and
vicinity. Branch meets 1st and Srd Fridays at Labor Temple, room 206. H. Night*
aealM, pretident, 270 Fifty-sixth avenue
east; Jos. G. Lyon, flnanclal aeeretary. 1781
Grant street; J. Campbell, reeordlng aeoretary, 4869 Argyle atreet.     *■-
PLOYKES, Pioneer Ulvlsloa, No. 101—
Meets Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 2:80 and 8 p. m. Preaident, Joa.
Hubble; reeordlng eeentary, Jaa. K. Grifln;
166, Twenty-flfth avenne eut; flaanelal aeeretary and buslneas agent, Fred. A. Hoover,
2409 Clark Drive.
AMERICA, Local No. 178—Meeting*
held first Tuesday la eaeh month, Id, a,
President, Francis Williams; vice-president,
Mlas H. Gutteridge; recording aee, 0. Me-
Donald, Box 608; financial aeeretary, K.
Paterson, P. 0. Box 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL    UNION,     NO.     220—
Meeta last Sunday of eaeh month at 2
p.m.   President, R. Farm. Pettipiece;  vice-
Sresident, W, 8. Metsger; secretary-treasurer
, H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
in annual eonvention in January. Exeoutlve officers, 1915-16: Preaident, A. Watchman ; vice-preaidontl—Vanoouver, W. F.
Dunn, J. H. MeVety; Victoria, B. Simmons;
New Westminster, W. Yates; Prince Rupert,
W. E. Denning; Revelstoke, J. Lyon; Dlatrlct 28, U. M. W. of A. (Vancouver Island),
S. Guthrie; Dlatrlct 18, U. M. W. of A.
(Orow'a Neat Valley), A. J. Carter; secretary-treasurer, A. 8. Wella, P. 0. bos 1688,
Victoria, B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR OOUNOIL—MeeU flrat and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 1424 Government atreet, at 8
p, m. Preaident, A. 8. Wells; aeeretary, F.
Holdridge, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
of America,  local  784,  New  Westmlnater.
Meets second Sunday of each month at 1:80
p.m.   Secretary, Pi W. Jameson, Box 496.
Dlrectora: Jas. Brown, preaident; B. P.
Pettipiece, vlce-pruldent; Edward Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Wll-
br, W. J. ftagle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free.
Managing dlreotor and secretary-treasurer, J.
H. MeVety, room 211, Labor Temple.
at call of president, Labor Temple, Vanoouver, B. 0. Directors: Jamea Campbell,
president; J. H. MoVety, secretary-treasurer;
A. Watchman, A, 8. Wells. R. Farm. Pettlplece, manager, 217 Labor Temple, Telephone:   Seymour 7491,
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei
           (I -E3QD*
^ _ Of America *Q>tr
conrsuNT amU H«iwmm5gff,.t
Vote  againat  prohibition!    Demand  per- ]
■ons-1 liberty ln choosing wbat you wtll drink.
Ask for this Label when purchasing Beer,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that It la Union Made. Thla If Onr Label
 r aammm
"ftciilt iSs- Weea-.fi^le
Made In
There are a number of
reasons WHY you should
purchase LECKIE
SHOES in preference  to
others.   One good reason
are made in British Columbia in a British Columbia institution by British Columbians.
Every penny you pay for LECKIE SHOES remains
here in British Columbia.  You pay no duty.
Another reason is that you can not purchase a better
shoe on the market.  Any man who wears a LECKIE
will testify to that.     '
—At Leading Dealers Everywhere—
World Shoe Co.
U Haatinge St., W„ Phon, Say. 1770
Beit Shoo Repairing "While You Waif
work called for and delivered
Loggers' Miners' Cripples' and any kind
of special Shoes mado to order
Largest ud moit Hint stock IB Wast-
am Canada. Easy Tamil and decant
treatment, tt wat time {ileal.
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St. West
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
Established 1903
Capital and Labor Endorse
Beer appeals to the workingman because it
is a mild and inexpensive beverage, which
promotes not only sociability, but furnishes
relaxation after the hours of toil. The regular and moderate use of CASCADE BEER
means sobriety, steady nerves and healthy
With the wealthier classes, beer is the favorite beverage, not because of its low cost,
but because of its scientifically proven food
value. The sentiment against intemperance
is steadily leading all broad-minded men
toward pure beer, the great temperance
Rich in valuable food elements, secreted
from malted barley and hops. At all liquor
Six pints for 50c       Three quarts for 50c
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Modern Science
hat long recognized the true food Data
tn a Beverage at: Vht unfermented
extract tt contains.
Premier Bottled Beer
li rich In Food and lot in Stimulant.
Westminster Brewery
Highland 291
Vancouver Distributer
Three Hundred and Seventy-
five Delegates Are in
Japanese Not Seated,
Invited to Address the
The convention of the American Fed-
oration of Labor in San Francisco last
Monday, upon the recommendation of
the credentials committee, invited the
two Japanese, S. Fuzuki and S. Yishi-
matsu, to attend the sessions and to address the convention at the proper time.
They were not seated as delegates.
The credentials committee reported
approximately 375 delegates in attendance, not including the fraternal delegates from Great Britain and Canada,
the Federal Council of the Church of
Christ ih America, the Women's International Union Label league and the
various Catholic societies.
Opening Formalities,
The convention jvas opened by Daniel
Murphy, president of the San Francisco
Labor council, who is chairman of the
local convention committee.
The invocation was offered by Archbishop Hanna. Addresses of welcome
werq delivered by Governor Johnson,
Mayor Bolph, President C. C, Moore of
the exposition; Daniel P. Hnggerty,
president of the California State Federation of Labor; P. H. McCarthy, presidont of the State and San Francisco
Building TradeB councils, and other labor oilicials.
The opening formalities took place in
the main assembly hall at tho international exposition.
Result of Mothers' Pensions.
County Judge Zwick, of Oklahoma,
says the mothers' pension law, in force
in that state, has "opened my eyes to
a wonderful amount of misery and decrepitude" because of tho large number
of women who can not be aided by the
law which provides that a widow must
have a continuous two years' residence
in" a county before making application
or her husband must bo either dead or
in prison or asylum,
He Gets Our Vote.
A speaker in the British labor union
conference, held at Bristol recently, proposed pint six of the leading editors of
London should be hanged to lamp posts.
—The Masses.
Trades and Labor Council.
November "13, 1890.
H. Cowan and P. Body reported draft
of advertisement and a circular for notification of employees and others if
the action taken by -the council in
adopting a "uniform working card"
system for Vancouver to go into effect
January 1,1891.
'' One of the benefits to be derived
from this system by the employed is,''
reads the circular, "that' he may from
time to time rest satisfied in making
contracts, that no increase of wages or
reduction of hours will be asked without djie and ample notice being given,
thus permitting him to tender with
All unions in Vancouver are in affiliation with the Trades and Labor council,
Bev. B. B, Maitland complied with
the council's request to preach a sermon
on the eight-hour day.
(The church stood on the site of, the
present Temple.)
The Morning Telegram will
labor column in its Saturday
George Irvine, president and J. A,
Fulton, secretary.
sue oi, tn
ill nrfnt
- edition.
By the way, how many union labels
have you upon; your persont
In Sweden the labor forces are struggling hard to prevent their country from
being dragged into the conflict.
Votes for Women,
" Wher.e are you going, militant maid!
"I'm going a-voting, sir," she said.
He triod to kiss her with all his might,
So she closod his eye with her woman's
Defendant (in a loud voice)—Justice!
Justice!    I demand justice!
Judge—Silence! The defendant will
please remember that he is in a courtroom.
Have you ever thought seriously of
marriage, sirf
Indeed I have, ever since toe ceremony.
Send in the news! Every union in
tho city and province should have a
press correspondent. You want news
of your union to appear in your paper.
Then see that someone is especially appointed to send it in. And see that it
reaches this office on time. All local
news must' be in not later than Thurs'
day morning, if it is to appear the same
week. Address all news matter to Fdi
tor B. C. Federationist, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C. ***
The wages of sin are only paid in
full when the job is completed, but lots
of men draw something on account day
by day.
A municipal, a provincial and a federal
olectlon will lake place during the next few
monthH. Unless TOU are classified with the
Indiana, lunatics and propertyleu women,, re-
glster at once. Do It now or hold your peace
on election day!
> WuitraUl Catalog!! Tna
840 Granville Btreet
Unequalled Vaudeville   Mesne
8.46, 7.80, 9.15    Season"!   Prlcea:
Matinee, 1Be.| Evenings, 18c, tto.
Following excerpt is taken from the
Vancouver Twenty Years Ago," (November 9, 1895), article appearing daily
in the News-Advertiser:
The Vancouver Trades and Labor
council met in the Union hall on Friday
with President C. Boardman in the
chair. F. Harris, Hugh Wilson and J.
Ker were duly accepted. W. Hepburn
was appointed secretary."
It may be added that F. Harris represented tho old Mainland Steamship-
men's Protective and Benevolent association, and at present is employed on
the waterworks system at Stanley Park.
Mr. Wilson afterwards became one of
the contractors on the present court
house. Mr. Ker is now in the custom
house, and Walter Hepburn, ex-alderman for ward one. Last three named
were delegates from the Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners.
From the North.
Jesse McCall, an old-time miner nnd
prospector, has returned from Alaska,
where he has been for the past five
years. He was a visitor to the Labor
Temple this week. He left for San
Francisco on a business and pleasure
trip, and will return to Vancouver next
February on his way northward. He is
very optimistic in the future of Alaska.
False Creek Reclamation.
The filling in of forty acres on False
Creek flatB at Granville street bridge
iB being rapidly pushed forward by the
harbor commissioners. Already the secretary of the board has received more
applications for ground space than it is
possible to grant. Commissioners Cotton, Fullerton nnd McClay have-adopted
a wise policy, inasmuch as they will
not lease land only to independent bona
fide manufacturing concerns. Heretofore the land monopolists havo held
their foreshore properties at prohibitive
prices, and it is the purpose of the harbor board to relieve this situation as
much as possible. Fifty men are at
work on this big reclamation scheme,
"Black Eyes" Goes' East.
J. H. Lewya, of Victoria, called In uu
his way to St. Paul.   He   reports   the
printing trade very much on the blink
in the coast cities.—Winnipeg Voice.
Reports of Unions Show Little Improvement in
Trade Conditions
Council Changes System of
Representation to Meet
New Conditions
Ask for Labor Templt   'Phone  Exchange.
Seymour ,7496   (anion   otherwise  stated).
Bricklayers—Wm.  S.  Dagnall,  Room 316.
CookB,     Waiters,    Waitresses—Room    804
Andy Graham.
Electrical  Workers   (outalde)—E. H.  Morrison, Room 207.
Engineers   (steam)—Room 216; E. Frender-
Halibut   Fishermen's   Union—Russell   hear-
ley,  437 Gore avenue.    Offlce phone, P
• mour 4704; residence, Highland 1344L.
Longshoremen's Association—G. J. Kelly; 10
Powell Street; phone Sey. 6350.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 305, Labor
Sailors—W.   S.  Burns,   213  Hastings  street
Street Railway Employees—Fred A. Hoover;
phone  Sey.  608,
Typographical—R. H. Neelands, Rooms 212-
Allied Printing Tradea Counoll—R. H. Nee
lands, Box 66.
Barbers—8. H, Grant, 1801 7th Avenue W.
Bartenders—H. Davis,. Box 424.
Blacksmiths — Malcolm Porter, View
Hill P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty
fourth avenue east.
Boilermaker*—A. Fraser, 1161 Howe St
Browory Workers—Chas. G. Austin, 732 7th
Ave. East.
Brieklayera—William S, Dagnall, Room
216, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Council—F. L. Baratt, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Cigarmakers—W. H. McQueen, care Kurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Street.
Cooka, Walters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 804, Labor Temple,
Electrical Workors (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Eloctrical Workers (inside)—Room 207; F
L. EstlnKhauBcn.
Engineers—E. ProndergaBt, Room 216, _„■
bor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Garment Workors—Mrs. Jardlne, Labor Tomple.
Halibut Flshormen'B Union—Russell Kearley,
437 Gore avenue.
Horseshoers—Labor Templo.
Lettercarrlers—Robt.  Wight,  District 68.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Locomotive Firemen and'Engineers—C. Howard, Port Coquitlam.
Local Englneera—L. T. Solloway, 1167 Har-
wood.    Tel. Sey. 1848R.
Longshoremen—J.  G Kelly, 10 Powell Street
Machinists—J. H. Brooke, Room 211, Labor
Milk Drivors—Stanley Tiller, 812 Eighteenth
avenue west.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Room 806, Labor
Moving Picture Operators—L. E.* Goodman,
Labor Temple.
Painters—Geo, Weston, Room 80S, Labor
Plumbers — Room 206%, Labor Temple.
Phone Seymour 3611.
Prossmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—John ,1 nines Cornish, 1800 Eleventh avenuo East.
i'littern Makers—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, care
Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A. B. McCorvilU,
Box 241.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb, 420 Nelson
Soamen'B Union—W. S. Burns, P. 0. Box
Structural Iron Workeri—Room 208, Labor
Stonecutters—James Rayburn, P. 0. Box
Sheot Motnt Workers—J. W. Alexander, 2120
Ponder street east.
Street Railway Employeea—James E. Griffin,
160 Twenty-flfth avenue east.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province,
Telegraph-»ni—E. B. Peppln, Box 432.
Trades and Labor Counoll—Oeo. Bartley,
Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H.  Neelanda, Box 68.
Tailors—C. McDonald, flbx 608.
Theatrical Stags Employesa—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers   and   Helpers—A.  Jamleson,   640
Twenty-third avenue cast.
The regular meeting of the Trades and
Labor council was called to order by
President Maiden.
A letter sent by the Cigarmakers'
unions of Chicago, warning men about
coming to Chicago to look for work,
wae read. The letter stated that since
ihe closing of bars, etc., on Sundays
niat a large number of men were out of
employment, and there was no use any
more coming to look for work.
Committee Beports.
Del. Knudson reported having visited
the Brewery Workers, and that they
had promised to send at leust one delegate to the next meeting, and that they
would elect two more to take the place
of tho others.
Del. Paulsen complimented Del. Knud-
sen for the work accomplished, and
moved a motion that the committee be
thanked and instructed to- continue
•their efforts,   Carried.
Beports of Unions.
Typos.—The state of employment
about the same as usual; the expected
improvement did not materialize, as the
47th battalion had left town before they
started to publish their paper.
Bartenders reported business very
Cigarmakers—rOnly two or three men
working, the other five having been laid
off recently.
Street Railwaymen reported that the
shop had been shut down entirely, and
the staff in the other mechanical departments had been reduced and that there
was no prospect for improvement in the
near future
Electrical    Workers—Business    very
quietj'fhe city men ond telephone men
had both been put on three-quarter time.
Brewery Workers—Pretty quiet.
Notice of Motion.
That the constitution be amended by
striking out the lust four lines of sec.
1, article 2, and substituting therefor
the following: "Organizations belonging to this couneil shall be represented
by the delegate for each 25 members or
major fraction thereof, provided, that
no organization shall have less than
three delegates,'-*
Motion by Yates-Stoney to adopt the
amendment brought out a lot of discussion. Del. Walsh and Knudsen spoke
against the motion on the ground that
it would give too much power to one
union in a town where thero was only
ono largo union and several small ones,
Knudsen stating that in the old dayB
the representation had been satisfactory
and should be now. Del. Stoney drow
attention to the system of taxation
when all unions were taxed the same
amount and as the taxation had been
changed to a per capita system. He
thought tho representation ahould also
be changed to the aame principle. Del.
Paulson thought the discussion was oil
unnecessary, as in these times of depression, it was hard to get delegates to
attend, and that the more that wore entitled to come would be a means of getting a greater interest taken in the
meetings of the council. Del. Yates
spoke on the necessity of getting larger
meetings of the council, and declared
that was the sole object in asking for
the change. On a show of hands, the
motion carried.
Questions by Members.
Del. Knudsen wanted to know who
was responsible for the articles publish'
ed in the Westminster Columbian and
the Vancouver World on Oct. 28th.
about the meeting of the of the council
the previous evening. He stated thnt
the reports were entirely false, nnd
thought that something should be done
about it. Del. Paulson said that the reports wero partly wrong at least, aB no'
thing had been said about men having
no jobs to go to if prohibition was passed in the province. He objected to
anything being-given out to the papers
unless they had a reporter to take his
own notes, and thereby having someone
to hold responsible if the reports were
not correct.
Knudsen-Paulson—"That the secretary be instructed to deny the Btory
that prohibition had boen discussed, as
published in the two papers."
Del. Stoney warned the council that
there might be an attempt to stop Sun
day concerts in New Westminster, and
thought that the council should do something to prevent the move being accomplished. Ho recom in ended that the
municipal committee should look after
the matter.
Mea are buying them at Spencer's because, in spite of tbe scarcity,
this store has a plentiful quantity and, furthermore, they were bought
before tbe tremendous advance in wools, which is the despair of merchants who are having to buy now, and which plaees these Spencer coata.
outside the pale of competition.
We have a coat to suit your purse because our stocks are complete, but
everyone seems to want these better grade wool coats.
AT $3.60 — A medium heavyweight, warm, serviceable coat
that will give splendid wear; V
neck, in' plain brown and tan,
trimmed with brown.
AT |5.96—Heavy pure wool coat
sweaters; Norfolk shape with
shawl collar, in dark crimson; a
superb garment.
AT $8.(5—Heavy all-wool coat
sweaters, with shawl collar, in
plain brown; also smoke, trimmed
with maroon and.grey trimmed
with green.
AT $5.60—A heavy pure wool
coat in the ordinary style with
shawl collar, in crimson, brown
and grey.
David Spencer Limited
Modern — Fireproof
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
* Now under the management of W. V.MOBAN
Room with detached bath ; $1.00 Ml day ap
Boom with private bath 11.50 par day ap*
Special Winter Reduced Rates to Permanent Guests
Our electric motor hot meets all boatl and trains tree
LOTUS GRILL-Open Continuously
FBOM 1 a.m.  to MIDNIGHT
Music from 6.30 to 8.30 and 10 to midnight
A municipal, a provincial and a federal
election will take plnco during tho next few
months. Unless YOU are classified with the
Indians, lunatics and proportyless women,, re*
gister at once. Do it now or hold your peace
on election dayi
Seriously Injured.
A. Moncrioff, employed on tho government docks, Victoria drive, foil from
a scaffold Wednosdav morning;. No
bones were broken, but he sustained
severe bruises about the hoad and badly lascerated handB. Ho is at the General hospital.
Vancouver—Offlce and Chapel,
1034 Qranvltlo St., Phone Sey. U»t.
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
Refined Service
One Block  went of Court House.
Use  of  Modern  Chapel  and
Funeral  Parlors  free  to  all
Telephone Seymour 8426
Phone Seymour 8880
New Electric Auto But Meeta all Baata ut Trains Free
Hotel Dunsmuir
Vancouver's Newest and Most'
Complete Hotel
250 ROOMS ;  100 with Private Baths
EUBOPEAN PLAN, (1.00 per Day up.
Two Stores and Three Offices To Let
At Low Rentals, in the
Cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets
.   . The completion of the Georgia-Harris Street viaduct hu placed
the Labor Temple In the flow of down-town traffic.
If interested call on or phone
Seymour 749S
ROOM 211
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8^25 Cents
32 Bides at
A 5 Cent Fare
38 Bides on Tour Saving On
Tango Tickets »1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
They are sold hy conductors on the cars, at the B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Hastings streeta and 1138 Oranvllle itreet; the Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and south end of
Oranvllle street bridge; Depotmaster's Offlce at Main and Prior streeta;
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at the
places of business of the following Arms throughout the elty:
Woodward's   Dept.   Stores    {Drag
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner.
Spencer's Dept.   Store   (Caehler'a
offlee, Information Bureau and Exchange Deilce). near Rlehardi.
Wood's Pharmacy— Sermoor Street
OsmpboU's Phenrecy — Qranvllle
Street corner.
Owl Drugitore—Main Street eorner,
Harrliou'a Drag Store—Near Oar
rail atreet
Browne    *    Beaton.     Druggleta,
Pender atreet corner.
Law's   Drugstore — Harris atreet
Owl    Drugstore — Abbott street
Owl   Drngstoro — Dunlevy street
(Engllib Bay)
Torrance Drugitore — Davie atreet
Hudion'i Bar Oo. All departments
Georgia etreet corner.
Oordon Drndals'a  (Notion    Counter) near Dunemulr.
SSJ?rf rt05 — Bn«nulr stnet
Harrison's    Drugstore —    Robeoa
street corner.
Browne A Boston, druggleta, Davis
etreet corner.
Ml Box Drugitore — Nelson street
lew's Drugitore — Davla   street
Harrison's     Drugitoro — Pender
etreet eorner.
Harrison's   Drugitoro — Oranvllle
itreet  and   Seventh avenue.
Law's Drugitore — Near Broadway
CampboU'i Drugstore — Broadway
and Commercial Drive. .
Mitchell'! Confectionary— Georgia
■treet entrance.
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St
Near Davie PAGE FOUR
Great Sale
of Men's
Actual $6.00 to
$9.00 values,
selling for
—every pair is of the wanted kind—made by reliable manufacturers in
tne United St'atos and Canada—right up to date in style; made on the
London and New York flat recede toe lasts, in black and tan, and on
the popular medium high, round toe last in box calf, gunmetal calf, tan
Russia and visual calf, with double soles, half double Boles, rubber Boles
and viscolizod waterproof soles with rubbor heels. Every pair porfoct,
and sold to our patrons with the same guarantee of satisfaction as
though tho regular price was being paid for them.   Sale price $4.75
Wlip5ttdsotfsBau(fotnpani}. fid
\_  .    J \_tt___na   it.ro      me mut i mwbc«. itwh ___n_t_uon__ ■*. ^—J*
Granville and Georgia Streets
Many of our mechanical and scientific
achievements of the present day were
considered the impossible by our forefathers on our yesterdays.
Edison, Ford, Bell and thousands of
other thinkers have today materialized
that which the pessimist said could
never be done—that which he considered the impossible.
The dreams of Wright brothers are
now trains gliding over aerial waves.
Marconi's little agets have harnessed
the magnetic currents and now transmit
intelligence through the avenues of oxygen rays.
At last science is conquering the impossible.
Old Father Edison left his eastorn
workshop several weeks ago to attend
tho San FranciBco fair. Here he found
a pale-faced boy who had his dreams on
exhibition, and after this old wizard of
invention had performed hi sinBpection,
he turned to Neuland, the inventor of
the Nculnnd electric generator, and
said: "Why, my boy, you have revolutionized electricity—you have made a
modern school out of my kindergarten."
Neuland had conquerod the impossible.
Old Whiskers from Maine—jtiBt an
old village blacksmith, is making razors
out of copper. The diamond-edge drill
and its many contemporaries will sing
its valedictory because Old Whiskers
haB harnessed a hidden thought—bo
cause he has conquered the impossible.
*       »       #       t
Don't be a pessimist—there is nothing
The Price to Pay
for Good Clothes
We advise you to. pay_ at least $20
for a suit or overcoat; not because of
the $20 we may get, but beeause of
the clothes you will get.
Semi-Heady Tailoring is satisfying
thousands of the best dressed men,
Semi-Beady clothes sell as low as $15
and as high as $35. At every price
the full value is in the garment.
Suits (or men and
young men, $15 to
Overcoats for men
and young men, 115
to $40.
Single Trousers, 94
to »8.
Full Dresi Suits, 925
to |50.
Morning Coatl, 925.
Tuxedo Suits, 925 to
Tuxedo Coats, 916.
Special Orders—iu 4
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
High-class and painless dentistry at very moderate prices, which anyone ean afford—
Oold Crowns, 22k W.00
Oold Bridgework, per tooth $1.00
Perfect Fitting Plates, each $5.00
Porcelain fillings, each $1.00
Amalgam fillings, each ,...$1.00
Teeth extracted free of pain.
All work guaranteed for TEN YEABS.
Office open every evening from 7 to 8 p.m.
Phone Seymour 5381 Office:   101 Bank of Ottawa Building
Telephone 89S
Wholesale, retail and family trade
Oornar Bagbia tad Front Striata
is the
Greatest Amount
of Heat
Amount of Coal
Phone your next order and "Jingle Pot'
is a fact.
coal will prove what we stnto
80 Fender Street Wert
Phones: Seymour 6408-5409
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what lta name, unless lt bears a
plain and readable Impression or thla stamp.
All ahoea without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobta, Pres.   O. h, Blaine, Bee-Tress.
Conquering the Impossible
In the tomorrows the dreams of the
thinkers will bo building aeroplane stations o nthe stars and cutting key-ways
in tho Aurora Borealis.
There is nothing impossible.
It has been conceded by'tlio it-enn-be
done folks that tho building up of a National labor press is an. impossibility,
but you have started out to overcome
theso obstacles, and if you want to bo
ono of those like Nculand, Edison and
the village blacksmith from Maine, who
are the pioneers of the unbeaten paths,
the builders of new institutions, then
you are invited to come in with your
blueprints now.
If you are an agent of persistence you
are big enough to take the Foderationist
out of the kindergarten class and make
out of it a large, modern, national publication that will be in a position to
sorvo you and the entire labor move'
Your duty is to procure subscriptions
assign yourself to an agency—-build up
h circulation in your community—you
nre big enough for the job, and if you
will give ub that necessary action we
Shall in the not distant future be conquering the impossible.
Will youf
Oregon Women's Wages.
According to the investigation conducted in Oregon last year by Hiss
Marie L. Obenauer and Miss Bertha von
der Nienberg, the minimum wago law
for women which went into effect in
that state In 1913 has had none of the
disastrous effects upon women workers
so freely prophesied by the opponents
of the measure. The substance of the
roport of these two investigators is that
women have not been replaced by men,
and the rates of pay for women have Increased, both for the experienced and
the inexperiencod workers. ..
A municipal, a provincial and a federal
flection will tako place during tbe next few
months. Unless TOU nro classified with the
Indiana, lunntics and propcrtyleBB women,, register at once. Do it now or hold yonr peace
on election day!
Capital $16,000,000        Best  $13,600,000
Main Offlee:   Corner Hastings and Granville Streets, Vancouver
ALMA ROAD. Cor. Fourth Avenuo and Alma Rnail
»»%»««• »WV» • • .Oor. Firs. Avenue «„d CoS!e?oil Dri™
• ittnrrmr £"' ' ""I*1". •*"■• •-■•■■•> Streete
vramtflm       0AMBIE Cor. Hsst ng, .nd Osinbl. 8lre„tl
Kl 1 MII.ANU Cor. Fourth Avenue and V..w Ri...,
Also North Vancouver Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, In
Manitoba, Haskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Terirtory, tho Northwest Territories and
in a portion of the Province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more tban 2,500 acres will be leased to one
Applications for lease must be mado by tbe
applicant In porson to the Agent or Sub-Agent
of the district in which (he rights applied
for aro situated.
In surveyed territory the land most be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of
sections, and In nnsnrveyed territory the
tract applied for ihall be staked by tho applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of $5, which will be refunded if the
rights applied for are not available bnt not
otherwise. A royalty Bhall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five conts per ton.
The person operating the mine ahall furnish tho Agent with sworn returna accounting for tho fall quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay tho royalty thereon. If
tho coal mining rights aro not being operated,
such returns should be furnished at least once
a year.
Tho lease will include the coal mining
rlghta only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working
of the mine at the rate or 110 an acre.
For full Information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
tho Interior, Ottawa, or to any' Agent or Sub-
Agent of Domlnidn Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorized publication of this advertisement will not be paid for—80690
put up in
pint bottles
in quarts
B. C. Vinegar Works
Factory: 1366-7 Powell Street
Telephone Highland 285
Est. 1904 Vincouver, B. O,
Coming of Oriental Delegates to A. F. of L. Revives Question
Writer in Well-known Magazine Sees Considerable
j#iti* x$_
■^ ■-WMUTMriMO       _Jm
jywtrflc ■____
The appearance of two "fraternal
delegatea from the lnbor movoment of
Japan ".at the recent convention of tho
California State Federation of Lnbor,
and tbe fact that they are also present
nt tho convention of the American Fed*
eration of Labor, which is now in session at San Francisco, has revived the
whole question of the presence and influence of Japanese workmen in California.
In tho course of an interesting article.
in the Now Review, Austin Lewis has
the following to say on tho subject:
Some of it is distinctly new information, after some of the statements which
have appeared dealing with the question of the Japanese down in California.
The Credentials Doubted.
"Japanese 'fraternal delegates,' B.
Suzuki and S. Yoshimatsu, addressed
the San FranciBco labor council on August 27. These delegates nre supposed
to represent labor.unions in Japan. But
Katayama, a Japanese socialist, says
that according to law, labor unionB do
not exist in Japan, for in 1901 the Japanese Diet passed a law prohibiting labor
unions and labor movements. What labor movements, then, did the 'fraternal
delegates' represent? Katayama says,
apparently truthfully, that they represented paper unions, and mere aggregations of names, not workers but bourgeois, capitalists and employers.
Message They Brought
"Suzuki told the labor council thot
he and his colleagues represented tho
laborers' friendly society of Japan,
which was an organization of about
eight thousand, had been organized
about three years ago, and increased at
tho rate of about five hundred a month.
His concluding words will bear repetition:
" 'We ore learning in Japan that the
laborers of the world have the same interests and the same enemies. We are
learning that a worker is a human laborer—a world laborer—exposed to the
same enemies. I' believe that the laborers of the world must so understand
each other across the boundaries of race
and nation that at the flrst blast of the
trumpet we shall not be driven as sheep
to the slaughter, but shall stand as a
rock, firm in our confidence in one an-
othor, as the immovable guard of eternal peace.
" 'I bring the most cordial greetings
to you from the wage earners in Japan.
I boliove we havo a oommon work in
the solution of the labor problems of
the world. Lot us co-operate for tho
performance of this common task with
full understanding and friendship between the laborers of tho land of the
rising stm and those of the land-where
the sun hns risen.' »
Is There a Problem?
"But what is the problem in California which can be called a Japanese
problom, and to which, the president of
the San Francisco labor council so mysteriously referred?. A close investigation fails to discover any.
"It is certainly'hot in the field of
labor, for in the only grade of labor in
which tho Japanese come into any competition with white labor, thoy aro in
advance of white labor, both as regards
wages and working, conditions. Investigation among industrial workers, farm
workers, fruit packers and the like lead
to the conclusion that the Japanese by
their organized methods get higher
wages than the whites engaged in the
same occupations,
"In fact some'-of the farmers havo
come into inland towns like Fresno
seeking white labor with which to offset
the 'extortionate demands' of the Japa-
Ab for- scabbing, the Japanese do
not scab. On the contrary, whenever,
as in tho Wheatland strike, a struggle
for better conditions has been made,
the Jnpancse havo. always been sympathetic,
Oriental League Gone.
"The Oriental exclusion league has
vanished and no one careB anything
about it further, Evon the school question, which had a'basis of reason, has
ceased to trouble and for the present, at
least, and as far as one can see into the
future, thero aro no grounds for trouble
between California and the Japanese.
Racial Feelings Exists.
"On the other hand, there is no particularly good feeling. It cannot be denied that racial prejudice exists to as
great an extont as ever, and it is certain that the advent of any large numbers of Japanese immigrants into this
community would meet with the greatest opposition, and would tend to revive ut once the old hostility.
"This seems to be thoroughly recognized by tho Japanese, at least such of
them as are at all familiar with local
conditions. Thus K. E. Kawakaml in a
very recent statement gives a sketch of
the basis which he regards as essential
to the maintenance of peace between
Japan and the United States, and among
other conditions lays down the following:
'1; .Japan shall strictly restrict the
immigration of her subjects into the
United States,
Tlie American government shall
insuro fair and just treatment of the
Japanese who aro lawfully in this country. This will call for the naturalization of the Japanese.'
Naturalization Unpopular.
"There is very little doubt that the
enforcement of the latter condition
would meet with "very considerable opposition in Iho stae of California.
"The social dislike*is obvious and it
is not nt all easy to explain. Nowhere
as I have already said, does Japanese
labor eome into conflict with whito labor to the detriment of the latter.
"But there is unmistakably a latent
hostility among the skilled workers
against tho Japanese. Although the
skilled workers nro not brought into any
contact with tho Japanese, Of course
this doos not apply to the revolutionary
portion of tlio migratory laborers, but
which is ton rnnnll to be of any value in
determining things as they are.
Employers Dislike Japs.
"Even the employers who use Japa
nese labor do not like the Japanese.
Thus one man who employs seven hundred of them admits their efficiency but
does not like them. He complains that
the Japanese laborers demand an unusual concession as regards bathing facilities and camp conveniences and that
group bargaining is necessary instead of
individual hiring. For the rest, he finds
them good workmen but' would prefer
white labor is he could get it of the
same quality.
Question Is Racial.
"Ab regards California, the Japanese
question is racial and proceeds very
largely from the fact that there is a
prejudice in the mind of the ordinary
Cnlifornian that an Omental is necessarily inferior. But'Ihe Japanese is not
inferior, cannot be treated as inferior,
and hence there arises a sort of puzzled
indignation which finds expression in
dislike and contemptuous treatment.
"Evfen in this respect, however, the
Japanese must be approached with caution, for he is not, like the milder-man-
nerod Chinese, prone to take insult and
stone-throwing without reprisals, and ho
is a fighter who giveB at least as much
as he takes.
Feeling Has Changed.
"Thero are no special grievances or
problems in this state whieh would tend
to accentuato any differences which
might arise between the governments of
the United States and Japan. This conclusion is tame enough and porhaps disappointingly so to easterners who havo
been misled by newspaper exaggeration.
"Indeed, a Now York socialist who
has recently made a tour of tho state,
and particularly of tho rural districts,
confided to me his great surprise- that
there is no feeling on the Japanese
question. The irritation, unreasonableness and crass provinciality of a few
years ago have fortunately disappeared,
with the result that a Japanese problem
in California might bo sought carefully
but in vain.'*
Send in tho news! This moons you.
If you bolong to a union it is your duty
to see that the labor news of your or-.
ganization is sent to Tho B. C. Federationist. In the.summer season unionists
like to be out doors. They do not care
to sit inside and read. During the month
when we all liko to gather round the
fireplace wo all read more. And union
men and women attend union meetings
moro regularly. Wouldn 't you like to
soe a breezy budget of newB items, pertaining to your union, in your paper
every week? This paper wants items
about accidonts, sickness, donths in tho
local; election of officers, visits of international officers, changes in hours
and wage scales, strikes, etc. It does
not want poetry, and it is more anxious
to receive news, actual news happenings
of your local than lengthy theoretical
articles on subjects already e.overed by
specialists. Be sure you appoint a press
correspondent and have him mail or
bring his contribution to The Federationist, All mattor must be in the office
by Thursday morning. Send in the news.
The War Lord.
Consider the ways of the War Lord.
He foils not, neither does he spin; yet
Solomon in all his glory wna not able
to gather together so much gold braid
and so many brass buttons. .He has
much to say about the honor of his
country, but he does nothing to add to
the said honor. On the contrary, he
adds to the country's ecenomic burdens
in time of peace and to its miseries in
timo of war. He has much to say about
defending his country, but he doos not
defend it with his own life, which he
considers much; he dofends it with the
HveB of other men. Considor the War
Lord well, for you may never see him
again. He has somehow got into the
wrong country.—Life,
The "Nut-Splitters,"
According to Emmett L. Adams, a
special agent for the United States department of commerce, who has investigated the subject, fully 60,000 machinists have secured the eight-hour workday and higher wages or both. In seven
eastern cities alone 35,000 men have
won improvements. Besides the machinists, thousands of workers in other lines
of business who caught the spirit of the
oight-hour movement have been greatly
Listens Like "Lemon" Act.
Under tho authority contained in the
organic act of tho United States department of labor to mediate in labor disputes and to appoint commissioners of
conciliation in his discretion, the secretary of labor, through the commissioners of conciliation, exercised his offices
in fifteen labor disputes between July 1
and September 15, 1015. On September
15, negotiations were still pending in
six of the disputes find in several others
only preliminary reports of the results
were available, so that the total number
of men affected directly and indirectly
can be stated in only a portion of the
North Vancouver Ferries.
"Better management—not altered
rates were required to make the North
Vancouver ferry boats pay," is the
claim of the ratepayers' association of
that burg.
Independent Political Olub.
At the mass meeting held Sunday
evening in the Labor Temple, Italian
citizens formed an independent political
club. Eugenio de Paolo was elected president'; Frank Spatari, vice-president,
and A. Delia Schriava, general secretary. The next meeting will be held on
Monday evening next.
This Speaks for Itself
Established in London (Eng.) 1863'
Telephone Seymour 7166
Telegrams, "Tin, Vancouver"
Merchants, P. O. Box 908
Messrs. Cowan A Brookhouse,
Labor Temple Building
Oct. 7th, 1915.
Dear Sirs,—
We foel that we cannot treat this
matter aB dono with, till we have given
you our.best thanks for—and offered
your our hearty congratulations on—the
above most artistic production.
We are very particular people, and,
when we say that the folder came up to
our best hopes and expectations, we are
paying you a very high compliment,
Tours very truly,
W. Howard Head
607 Northwest Trust Building,
S08 Bichards Street
This Speaks for Itself
Sells in the usual way
at $1.75 a bottle, now
—make a delicious and nutricious hot drink for cold weather. Keens out
the cold, and builds up strength, and is pronounced by connoisseurs to
be unequalled as to flavor, taBte and nutriment. Always ready—simply put a tenspoonf ul in a cup or glass, and add hot water, and salt and
pepper to taste.
■—All high-class restaurants and hotels sell it. Por sale in our Grocery
Per bottle, $1.00; regular $1.75 value
istn'onnii lift        ■imt«a a. aaaaratoThaata tawwuviawft    _ . j?    j
Suits and Overcoats
up before War Prices
We forsaw a year or more ago that all woollens would take a sharp ad-
vanco in price. We laid our plans accordingly, and bought early, and aro
in a position to sell you today at before war prices.
You will bo surprisodao see the SMART, SNAPPY STYLES in Suits
and Overcoats that we can soil you at
$12.50        $15        $18       and       $20
Ask to seo our weathor-proof overcoats; neat and dressy for the fine days.
Keep you dry and comfortable when it rains.
125-127 Hastings Street West
Also Tates Street, Victoria
Latest reports from the firing line tells the good, news that "DIETY
PLAOE," situated near "EVERT PLACE" has gladly sir/rendered to
the mighty leader "061. Boyal Crown," for tho last forty years has successfully headed tho forces of all Soaps, Washing Powder, Naptha, and
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
First-class, (85; second clan, $60; third clus, 137.50
"Finland" (for Falmouth and London Not. '30th
£.       C0C ftflI,ar*0' Fa8t American steamers.   Under the American
Clui if«»D.vU flag,  No contraband of war carried,
Second *-P aa O    O   "Philadelphia" Nov. 20th
Clui   $65.00 \    \   "St* Paul" Nov 27th
«      140 Aft "Stlouia" ....Deo. llth
Clau   eJtV.VV And every Saturday thereafter.
Company's Offices: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
Each Week
We sell only the best quality Wood
and Goal—we give honest weight and
our PfclCES aro ALWAYS LESS, and
in addition we are giving away free $25
cash prizes weekly.
Full printed particulars on the back
of eaeh delivery note.
Every .purchaser has the same chance
to win tho first prize of $10.
Phone your orden to
BAYVIEW 1076-1077
And South Wellington-
You may win a
Prize of $10.00
1st—12,855  (10
2nd—   885 ....... $5
3rd—13,637   |2
4th—   823   |2
5th—11,851 ........ |2
8th—     11   |2
7th—    402   12


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