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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 6, 1915

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E   E.R.
ESTIGATION of the matters in dispute between the Street Railway-
anion and the B. C. Electric Railway company was continued in the
House under the chairmanship of Mr. Justice Macdonald, during Monet Tuesday of this week, ahd Friday of last. The main arguments for
des are n<bw practically finished, and these later proceedings consist
t-*g*e measure of rebuttal argument covering points already presented
other. This must of necessity be so, and considerable appi-eciation
an for the informality and latitude which he permits to enter the in-
est s—s it seems to him that by so doing he can further the object of it
rial Disputes Investigation act legal counsel cannot appear without
k_ parties. Consequently the case on each side of this inquiry is being
men inexperienced in many of the finer points of court procedure, and
formality is, as a result, often as necessary as welcome. During this
. -reply to the court, both parties admitted that they felt sure of being
.xxi oer of (disputed points connected with the working conditions, by
exit at a private session consisting of just themselves. This' was
ay, with, we are given to understand, satisfactory result, several con-
s—T-s disposed of. The sessions commence again this afternoon, and
*>oks as though they will continue the chief part of the coming week.
a.x-cl will go into private session for the purpose of preparing its
,  as the case may be. *
(In Vumt« \
. $1.50 PER YEAB
High Paras, Jitters, Tangoes
Continuing bis argument, Mr. Hoover
declared that ono ot tho reasons why
. plying   Mr.   Murrin  said tbere was
gely        occtjqpiect I mn»1wimn  speed. .   -uunnuuing nis argument, jar. lioover
••w   speeding  ur> I      The '   greater     speed, he   said,    waa ! declared that ono of tho reasons why
_      *^ . *    z, 'largely     the     result   of reduced traffic 'the oompany Buffered a loan in its re-
-cue    motormen j Rnd fe^or stops.    "ly, 1913 the average Ivenno was bocauae it railed the price
b    -mo   work. number   of  passengers carried by each 'of farea at a time when it proved very
1     -whctlier    -tine   car per hour was 54; to-day, even with unpopular with the people.   Thia waa
>a.lly imposed    the tango tickets,'it is only 38, and the 'alao  one of the reasona, Hr. Hoover
. — ■aJzL—   «_^_   «i.. ' tango   tickets  bring   lis   in   a   smaller thought, why.the company had not been
^^lli mad   «iat   rm—trn. . able   to   got   regulations passed that
made   on   the I      Mr.   Hoover   responded:    "I do  not would place it on an equri footing with
ixrnifl-    care  what the figures show.    We know .tke competing jitneya.   When the eom-
Uttle ■ that   the  men  are  worsting harder and Iv*"/ increaaed its   fares, Mr. Hoover
'under  harder  conditions,    here    is    no »"? *">*? -*,0°«,le W—et tho habit of
[ByW.M. 0.]
The queatlon Of atate pensions for
widowed mothen to enable tbem to personally and propar\y rear their children
is one whieh is insistently pushing itself
to the fore-front of modern soeial problems. The present method ot leaving
I thoae widowed mothers with ohlldren to
'the parsimonious attentions bf private
charity is nothing short of a crime,
both human and soeial. Those sharlty
organisations can only reaek a very
small percentage of the cues, aad what
aid they do give is entirely Inadequate.
Apart from this, lt la 'nndamentally
wrong in principle, as charity cannot
than otherwise fall to be; and is an
extremely costly and wasteful experiment, aa, from their own showing, out
of every dollar subscribed, 43 cents goes
to the needy, and 87 cents to the organisations. It fails fundamentally in that
it doos not prevont the separation of
the mother and chiiaren, the mother
having to hire out to work in order to
provide tho necessities of life for herself snd thom, and in consequence they
> lose her care and attention at tho most
widowed imv«e ii
Of ISM      CM
[Expense and the Charity
Societies Are Some of
the Obstacles
W. VL C. Advises College
to Spread Working
Class Ideas .
Elects Delegates to Tradea
ami Labor Congren
Election Caavaijn WID Be
Lef t to ParHaaientar-f
"«    "t>y   tlie   doz-
eds»       who      are
racier   oath   that j
tm    harder   -upon
Kvea-.       He   then
sl statement
stween the old
3 under        the ,
rariou#  of    the '
L    -to   -the   board
en.     street    ears
trough   certain
set down by
i.s eight miles
portion of the
hour    on    other
: people were  using the jitneys out of
'spite against the oompany.
Chairman Mr. Justice Macdonald in*
y company to
*ca.t e of only
a. physical im-
in the firat
it, and in the
ould afford to
low rate. ' -A.s
necl, 1Vf*r. Mur-
it *-^a.s one of
^r     which \   -was
of    the    com-
na  -when, a car
to    allowed  l>y
Mr.   Murrin
question  waa
of   the   board.
the    responsi-
»f   can   accident
IMTr.    McVety.
so board that
tance to the
p system, in-
The duties
»ased and the
h the motor-
sld -was con-
:>re the speed-
tnenced. The
had put addi-
he said, but
ra work -with-
"t -this was as
Id   aak   of  the
way they can. j^^^^^^^^^^^^m
Mr.   Murrin   asked  if  the inspectors
were    considered   '" drivers,''   and   was
' given the reply that, they were as loyal
to 'the   company as  such officials could
The figures of interurban track repairers was produced by Mr. Hoover.
"There were 69 men in 1013; now
there are only 39 men to do the work
that used to be done by 59.''
"Freight Handlers Reduced
A.  protest  against   the    short    hours
, of  five   freight-handlers was made    by
j Mr.   Yates,,   who  asked that these men
j be   placed   on  a. monthly   wage.    Supt.
"Murrin   said   he -would   be  glad  to do
so,   but   it   would   mean that   some   of
the   Ave   would   have
. as   there   was   not     enout
Ave men to be fully emp
*' "We do not   want   any  of  the  men
; discharged.     We     would    prefer    they       „ „ ,„,, lu ra„
worked    full   hours    having  a   day   on BeBsion read the following extract from
B     .-a.   57 °£'   turn   and   tu">'about," the address of Mr. Homo Payne, chair-
r«plied  Mr. Yates.  ---- .---»    -  -•    ■        -  *
.Retail Orocers' Secretary
Mr. T. J. Corley, secretary of the e"d **.** ?"■""-! *<>»
Retail Orocers' Association, Sailed as ah?!^t?rZ^f^Lm. i. A»i m.
a witness by the men, put in a list of . ' The increase in business is still go-
prices of staple articles* of food and ™l™*l£°S^Z*1^-*?''**.
domestic us£ All tne prices were "» "e .now 5 T . "fwV 1*2*
taken from sale slips of reputable th.?, 8*rail1 *ni l h°?e *Jat *hs fm°
retailers    Bread,     80P  ounces    for    25 J"» _______ ^_*i*Tl a*'d
eents   in   1913,   now    costs    28%    cents th?tt£'ZVlh?M^%X?tl	
for an equal amount. Ten poinds of h '7rEA.»L0*9' _&%£"_*
pastry flbur costing 40 cents in 1913 «»ps I kad better mention to you aa a
Sow   costs   45   cents6   A b£ of house- ™B**!r°'LfiSffil'JKV S„'W
hold   flour costing *1.75   *-   *"*•■* lt 8<-emB DomlWe tIlftt d"'""' A° "",f
costs   #2.10. M	
MONDAY ATTEENOON BEBSION our business by reducing some of our
Messrs. Welsh and McTaggart, two ebargea for light nnd power. There is
t..!!   ^~..V. «"  .  -P.I-S l-Str—-^* nosound reason for this, aa our oharjes
  .-— -i***"-; """ r»"u
bands of the executive board.
President's Beport
Tho Homo and Domestic Employees'
I union had notified the preaident that it
had gone out of business temporarily.
The secretary sent $16 balance of funds
in hnnd, to be taken care of by th*
.. . oounoil, and to be used later on whoa
 .*.  .......c.. warmnaiif wiw.iu mo proouction   of   healthy sound conditions improve to re-establish the'
was responsible for the drop in the'citlsens, and thia breaking-up of the union in Vancouver.   Trail and Boat-
company's revenue in other cities, was home bodes 111 /■**• #*,«..»«. "— i-    -     -
After three weeks' interval Vanaoa.
ver Tr»doa and Labor council aastai
bled in rejnlar session at' 8 O'clock last
night with a fair attendance of delegates preeent. A number of new dele)!
gates war* obligated and took tkslf
•■'ata. '
"Biocnttvo Committee iapott
A number of routine matters -mora
dealt with in communication form. The
International Peace association of Ne*
Sork wrote'informing the couneil that
ie associatioh would hold a conference
in San Praneiaeo commencing October
10th, and inviting tbe, eouncll to Mai
representation. The matter was tied. .
President Watters of the Trades and
Lnbor congress of* Canada, notUed the
oonneil that he intended to be in Vaar
couver August 16th, and tho three iuh»
sequent weeks. The matter of arranging a mass meeting, at which Preaident
Watters will speak, was placed in the .
'company's revenue in other cities, wns
|the introduction of "tango" tickets in
Vancouver without giving other places
the   same ' privileges.   In   New West*, u-jtu-r attention to ner off-spring than
minster,  for  instance,  he said, many will a stranger t   And who will further
home bodes ill for fntSnTmSerationji  iT   i Tl"0""'":   *Trall and Bo*^ *
Who wiU deny that tKoC ft ^S**1*, Mmi k'*,rt'« tni-
very few oMeptlona, -rill Z'e mush f.°U Cii^£ t*,elL°?BV ^i*™*' seek-
better attentio/to her^ff-.fri^*?h*Si[hfm ' WWeh h"   Be9'1  "" *°''
  B-* •   -.uu nuu wm xannor
{deny thnt they will receive still better
attention were she able to devote her
entire time to their up-bringing, than,
ns it too often happens at present, only
being able to devote a few hours after
vjuirmau jnr. dusnce macuonaia m*' hoini, iM. »„ j„.f.
quired at the beginning of the session a h"rd*d9'J tmVeL" ^_.-~~.
if there wero any of the difieulties I ft ,, .iS„' !?i 1^,* *?_ P««»»e*l
.about working conditions whieh could! "„r of th» .htS?..^ *? .*i5 m-.ottl*r'
be settled at a private conference* be-' JS' „ th9 f"__. •*»*•** bread-
tween the company and the men. Both Ir.Zn£«., p,*rt9<-* ?, *! *lie re"ult
agreed that many points could be "so ?J tS'Td T'l7^ .*"? Slve
*P        *   *    -*      isult was that at the ."°v0™'*;ol'a°?".MuId be treated aa
What the Chairman Said
Mr. Hoover at the Tuesday morning
Mr. W. F. Ahern, the Australian correspondent of the B. 0. IMerntionlat,
wrote saying he had notified the news-,
papers and government officials of
Australia aa to tbe'connell'a attitude
on the question, of Oriental labor ia'
lumber mills, and would be wining to'
nssist the council in this regard. Owing to the president having been busy
in connection with the B. 0. E. B. conciliation board, and no meeting of the
K. K.
rgument pre-
isted of com-
ichedules of
cities com-
l>y the com-
nlbers exf the
tnd also the
loyed on the
.   _..r „„, ?*.. u nu impoBS-1 band played at non-union rates.   Th*
Iblo task to attempt to educate children band was a separate organisation al-
{who are not being fed and clothed nnd 'though it was publicly associated with
„...■ «»u™ ui ar. iiorne royne, enair- l«ored for properly.  It is quite na much jtho K. of P, which did not relish the
mnn of the board of directors of the \ ■*• duty of society to provide for theso I aotlon of the band with respect to the
B. C. Electric Bailway company, dellv- necessities, ns it is to provide for their union wage scale. ,
ered nt the annual-general meeting of education. Mrs. H. Cowan wrote erpresslng her
.v—v.ij— i- r.-J"— Obstacle Expense as Usual thanks to the council for its  expres-
-        ,     ■ .,.....,   ..   'sions of condolence and sympathy on
The main obstacle that stands in the!tIle „«,„!„„ of the death o< her bus-
Vlt^i^'nt. V" 0lT'* ™ ' band the late Harry Cowan,
raised that it would be too costly.   This ,
is a policy of "penny wiso nnd pound I Benorts from ttnim
foolish," and Is one which is poor business in any sense of the term.   The initial expense may seem large when'col- ^^^^^^^
.... ., „,...„, looted into ono sum; but it is a good Britain to work   oh   war   munitions,
of house- J"""!'" " JSS5t;*!H!.V S„o"ih.:Zm '"veatment in futures, and   will   un-1 They had also decided not to sever their
1913   now it'J^n,5Sh? Le mav b^cmnXd doubtedly   curtail criminal liubilltles, I connection with   the  connell.    Oignr-
^,SJS!!^t^ta^tfte2Serf,,,,d   PrOTide   «ooa   aMe"   lB   «<">»d makers are bnaily   co-operating  with
??.°".9-m-P-9v---'-?-**-- °     ™ ^ healthy citlsens, which, after aU, are;the retail tobacconists to push the aale
the only assets worthy of consideration, 'of locabmade cigars.
■weet Charity la Bitter | .vM"iBl»I"1. IT"9** *he 51™!?*f "ai*
m.   v.. j       .   .      , the Lotus hotel were on the fair list.
Tho bitterest and most strongly en* \ mmttiax worlorf employed by the B.
trenched opponents of this measure are 0! Elv,t,-K Hallway oompany stated
the charity organizationa. They see they were pr0Mclltiig the company for
their best assets, the orphaned kiddies breach „f the Industrial Disputes In-
and their pnthetlc mothers, in danger | Te8tigution aet, in locking out some of
of disappearing. Their hug«i incomes their members psnding.au inquiry into
nro. mainly derived from the well-\mMtn in a^ ttnder the act.
spring of sympathy In the heart of tho
public for the helpless victims, of dosti- Delegatee to Congress
tute motherhood, and they desire to re
Benorts from Unions
Sheet metal workers  reported  tkat
j Mr. 3. Fraser, one of their members,
bad been accepted nnd had gone to
Britain to work   oh   war   monitions.
-W..B.3D.B.     .. v.bu    nuu    jiiviHggart,   TWO
retail grocers in a fairly large way of ~ "~","_a™''Z","VI"Vi T«™. "^.H'''"
business, were called to the session by f™ it^La^ II^Z.^^1
M>.   Tt.«»i»A   Wo»jnn.»   —j  —i—j  vi ing local conditions, and if onr oomoetl.
'"T.°-i-"«",-^r"^trr«iii'  ^i'IX.j tZ inglMalTondittonsTand'ifolnrcompetl-
>2^SSJIS  «JJ?S#^ri«Sf  mStfa i0" "~ <"-¥ »bow a reaaonable amount
^.^,„*?„ FtFtZU   »ifl -w?! n1f*»7w„   o* P8*16"00 """» wiu be plenty of good
Sly™ K^es^were1 "£2&"2'SlS;'^— 9t '™»-rativePpric.. f£ .
m.    ___™     *  -m—«.„-  a»-A«4.    „,:*%,   ™,i,™ " " pleaaeB our competitors to try and
♦JK^   ~?fw]^2f™     /«»i'      tL    «S'»t0Bl <""■ business by selling light and
£.-Ll   r^wSSS» „/lL, .TS?  nl^'P0"""- below th0 ««* o' Paction, we
showed  an increase of 2 per cent, over _M not B*t ,HU Bnd _^v tlm tJ do
— ' - „»»,.. 8°i but shnll meet cut by cut, strong ln
Board Member A. G. McCandless the knowledge that it is only a small
asked Mr. Hoover if he thought the po-' portion of our business that ean be af*
si tion of a B. C. Electric Bailway com-1 fected, thnt we can produco power at a
pany employee was any worse now lower cost than they can, nnd that we
tban it was two years ago, especially hnve large flnanclal reserves accumu-
in view of reduced rents. He replied, hited to meet just such a contingency
that reduced rents did not affect the as this
street   railwaymen  as  they    did    most
—_ —.~v—»u, ui m; ueiire to re* | Miss H. Outterldge, B, P. Pettipiece
tain their hostages. Dr. Devlne, the • and .3. B. MeVety were elected by ac-
true leader of organised charity, aent ] demotion as delegates to tbe oonven-
the call to arms verey plainly in the'tlon of the Trades and Labor congress
following words: "I point out . . .!of Canada convention, which meeta here
that the eery large sum now raised September 20th.
annually  by  the charitable  aooietiea I j,     fc<m,
.   .   .   would bo endangered by any _"" f™™"; .   ,.
system of public relief of the poor in     Under this head a letter waa dealt
rd    were    sv
-j..™ „. ,,u„,re rouei 0i tne poor In >J""er mis neaa a lottor waa dealt
[thoir homes, even though it were limit- >'"> '"m the Bookbinders' union, pro-
ed  to  widows  with   ahlM»i<.»   Anil  testing against the nninc of Mr. Man*
lis argument
npany *a new
a much    in-
tormen.        XXe
ncreased    du-
obaerve     15
        to       the
speed in the
r- Consider-
9 the        cars
asked what
m     -would    "t>e
others, because so many had bought thatyZ^ ma? beZTitnei "ft* JS ,0 P}™1 «"* «"Wr.n." Tnd «■**« against tho name' of E^C
tSe™ °WTil,h0weS "nd ^rVtiU buyi,,e be »'»™ed should you notice^ halt Ini 1" _£,^«*-" »P the howl, and'■*<•*. being included In tho referendum
^o»M JS%.Murr"V?»dv ^ company the increase in proflts during the com' fflM'-iiiH' T??"™ »ith »« **« ?,0,e ,or P»rii»*nentnry candidate, for
could not be expected to pay the in- ing yenr. You may rest nssured ^hat I nl??"' """"■f*!" at thelr disposal. Tho Vancouver, Instead of Bouth Vancouver
-tS£.JS a man's investment, and no .this Is only n pn™»Tng eond it "o^ wUciffl1'» °J'"dlt is "up t."" organised >. they wished. After some discussion
nrbitra^on could be based on such an cnn be onl/tomporarlfy of a aortas na- ll"■">r'?nd »','•">•' organisation?»hleh the letter was (lied.
,deB'      Board   Member  MeVety said  it turo and that at the, worst Vi"unlike-11'aV0 .ths° iwelilttr*' of humanity at heart,     Reeve Oold of South Vancouver wrote
w?r ly to cause us more injury than po«s* \\li^L*_%"2."J«fc. A"d morf P»'»* f°'«»«*>K .ng«ln»t alleged mlsrepresen-
th. il._ . . - -    .4. i  .       '       culnrly is it the light of organized 18-itntion of his attitude on such quostions
    *-*•- •*--'-u  • He
seemed. to   him   to  be  the
_.^....i, i„ „,,„ TO do tne otner way iy to cause us more mlury thnn noae-1 i i ,,.3. "??' Ani m<'"' parti- protesting ngoinut alleged mlsropr
about—the company wanted to cut the iDiy to prevent our adding to ouf re* l"h'ty '" ' .*• Wt »•■ orgnnlsed la-itation of his attitude on such quasi
men 's wages to pay the interest on tho se/m flI^d for a yonr or two at the ?'' "r9 " 'l1*19 wlv0" ond «*>»dren •• day labor on publie work, etc.
shareholders' investment. |outside." i0' worl-«8r who are tho sufferers.        said that offort was being made in
1 TMn.M..     ._J     atwm^J.  I ... ! t Iti Tt    OUnrtnrffi    tn   TIPntltdinn    him    lea
shareholders'   investment.
Finance aad Wages
Dealing-  -with   the   statement
Financial Condition of tbe Compiny
saraflnJ&^tf -ptro-n"whjhthir.po'v'0T?; ^jx^^
m.       —• —,w'—  runway companies ts ob   old   as  the
said:       "The   company's   present   flnan- street  rnilwny systems themselves.
cial  condition  has nothing whatever to      "Irrespective of the flnanclal condl-
do with the claim of the men for a fair Ition of this company or nny other coin-
living   wage.     The  claim has been put pany tho mon nnd women who work
ialf of the comnan-r thnt!#«. i*  —  „_.i.i-j .. --i    ,  ...
forward in behalf of the company that
on account of the heavy Toss in business
it' is unable to pay the rate of wagea
prevailing during the past two years.
This   is   one phase  over which the men
 Bn   ,-^vanx-    have   no   control  ,and it is but natural
t;1ie   law.   HTe    that   tbey  feel  that they should not be
*he    company ; held   responsible  for it."
nd difficulty
is argument,
is    ave   liable
in.    trying   to
ay,"  -were   in-
t    their   rule.
of        other
speed    over
?s    per    ttotXT.
3d    tp   *fc»e   iti-
ecl    made   tyy
tuded    stops,
question    of
street rail-
"h^ best evi-
t»e obtained
of       the
held   responsible ^^^^^^^^
*' Then you think the board of conciliation should not consider the company 's present financial condition until
the question of n fair wage has been
settled t" asked Mr. Justice Macdonald.
Fair Wage Pint Oharge
Mr. Hoover frankly admitted that
was the view he held. He further declared that in view of the fact that the
B. C. E. B. was a public utility it was
bound to pay a fair wage' to its employees.
Mr. McCandless asked Mr. Hoover if
such an argument would be advanced
in behalf of the men if the company happened to be enjoying record
"business and the attendant prosperity.
ir informed the mem-
-—        -—~ i Dussneas   ana   tne   a
the   only    In reply Mr. Hoove _   _
rd    conld I |,er   0f   tl,e   board   that  wnile  the men
"■ I —:" *l «—.    ...-a*..»   ......   wmiB  iae   men
| might use the argument it would not bo
i j the main one, which would be still that
the    m«Ti.   the company must pay the men a living
car.       Re- J *wa«e.
quests; and any attempt on the part
of either teachers or scholars to deviate
for  it  are  entitled to and  Bhould receive a sufficient wage to enable them
not only to live nnd support their fami-,of oltllcr t08chers or scholars to debate
lies with a reasonnblo degree of com* l(rom the straight nnd narrow wnv is
fort and happiness, but to enable them|B00n BUppre8sed with an iron hand,'and
from the small pittance which they re-1 th, „„,$,, mtingiy puniBhed. ^hore
ceive to ley aside something for the|h„, ,,„/„ it0 an'ipfeaval In Amerl*
future day when they nre getting oldiC„„ eoUog*;, ,„,e, 0Jer tM hei„0u8
nnd feeble, nnd when the winter of|Crime „f "tenchlng tho truth, and many
**•?!■■» I,ff,.5" *"? aPProacb »([•       ,.     | prominent professors hnve come under
"Anything less than this .Js serfdom [he guiilotiSe. Noted among them are:
nnd slavery which in thia enlightened ^ott Nottring, of the University of
dny can neither be endured or tolerated. Pennsylvania'James H. Brewster, Uni*
"The men who nro working on this;veraity of Colorado) J. K. Hart, Uni-
railway system and who are making it.VOTlty „, UtoIl. 0eor„ 0, 0ox, Dart-
possible from day to day to carry It on |mouth' College. 'j, T, ^elda    _hho.
are entitled to a fmr and living wagoimn city High g,,,,,,,,, ,nd m_y oihm
quite independent of the flnnncUl i«;! ,oo numerous to mention.  In dismissing
tricac.es which mnv possibly be sought, tb   „ tenoher8 the CapjtaH,ts show thnt
to be wound about and undertaken to ,h     ,„„   rMOgnize, what the workers
involve the questions   whieh   we  be* |     ',low f„ j,")     thot 00„troI rf tho
hove  are here  at issue.    We believe    ho„Ig ,   th« 0bJ^ort,„, „, priWlogo.
ihf7nJ°.V.V?-}i ~J?™-   "*■- — !»>'«" it is the duty or organised labor
to fight with nil the power at its dls-
,.,.... ..,„..„ ™..B "»■•»"• w» oavo |      j j endeavor to suppress theso
absolutely nothing-to do. Be, ft, as P™wtwtal meMl, we Vnnnot fall
creating the condition is concerned, we L] „„„.„.„ the „'CMrity for a coi.
believe it is not for us to d.further »"    ( « In  ,„ *;ndeaTor t0
thnn to rely_   upon   the   presumption|^,     w t  tt   "People's Col-
  ...... .u.r. ..... uui..|| muuu in certain quarters to prejudice him in the
«   . . ..     i- .    _..   »   .            public mind.
Proletarian Univeraity Needed ,r From tt ,t,tomont mado, it waa
A collogo for tho propagation of brought out that conductors on street
working-class Ideas and laonls Is a need cars had been notified by the B. C. E.
which hus long been felt by thoae in* j B. company that they would be dla-
terested in tho welfare of labor. Tho', charged if found issuing transfers on
presont institutions are chiefly devoted j"tango" tickets for any reason what-
to the capitalist mode of thought, which ' ——
Is quite natural, seeing' thnt they nre
mainly   supported    by   capitalist   be
The parliamentary committee of the
council will invito unions to scud ono
delegato each to form an election committee to take charge of the council's
campaign in the coming provincial elec*
tions. A short nnd busy session terminated at 0:30 o'clock.
I. T. U. Convention ~'*V
The KI15 convention of the International union will meet next Monday at
I.os Angeles Col., and there will be a
bumper attendance of delegates with
many visitors.
l»<i»   .„   mij      u|,u„     hm*     ureBuaipuon
which we believe ought to be indlsput-
(Contlnued on page 3)
lege" hns lately been inaugurated at
Fort Scott, Kansas, U. S. A. Among
its directors nro auch well-known labor
advocates as Eugene V. Debs, Arthur
Lo Sueur, Marlon Whartan, George Allan England, Oeorge B. Eirkpatrick,
and others of Uke capabilities and tested integrity. The two aims of the college are: (l) To bring education within the reach of every man, woman and
child; (2) To teach from the viewpoint
of the working-class, Tho school comprises both a residence and a tones-
| pondenee department, and likewise publishes a magazine of it) own. This
venture deserves the active support of
all workers, and those so disposed can
obtain full particulars from the "People's College," Fort Scott, Kansas,
90 Branches ln Canada
A general banking business transacted. Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.   *
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital • • • I UMtfit
Total Assets 11
One Dollar will open
the soeeunt, and year
business will be welcome be It large or
Published every Friday morning by the E. 0.
Federstlonilt, Limited
lt.  Farm Pettlplece  Manager
J. W. Wilkinson Editor
Office:   Boom 217, Lsbor Temple
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
Subscription:   ai.50 per year; In Vanoouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00 *
New Westminster.  ,.W. E. Maiden, Box 931
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 531
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1588
Affiliated with the Western Labor Press
Association      '
'Unity of Labor: ths Hope of ths World."
.   ..$60,000,000
Out of Every
some portion should he banked
regularly, either as security
against the proverbial rainy day
or aa a foundation to future prosperity. ♦1.00 will open an aeeonnt la The Bank of Toronto,
and interest Is added half-yearly
to the balances on depoelt.
Paid-np 0*1*1 18,000,000
Baserredrnls.. .. . .ta,tm,m
Corner Hastings and OiaOU ■*•.
Corner Hastings tad Oiirall Sta.
The World's a
New Paper
There'a a new owner running It
and it'a coming up with a rash.
AU the news and a novel
eaoh week
MB. BOWSER, at bis meeting
last week, soemed to bo under
tbe impression that he was uncorking an' absolutely new piece of information when he told tbe audience
tbat tbe Bev. Cooke,
one of the sponsors
of the pamphlet
"The Crisis in B.
C," was a Liberal.
Perhaps it really was
news to tbe majority 'of tbe Conservative voters present. But it waa not
news to us. Neither do we think it was
Mr. Cooke's fault if the faot was not
generally known. For as far aa our recollection goes he baa never hidden his
political faith under a bushel. Wo
have bad personal' acquaintance with
bim for aome time. And certainly to
us'he bas never dissembled or disguised hia Liberal opinions.
.      ,.        .        *
Indeed, on tbe other hand, he has
alwaya appeared to derive genuine
pride and satisfaction from that fact.
Further than that, unless he has
changed his views of late, he is convinced that the working class should
support Liberal politics. On the
cnslona of his visits to our offlce he has
sometimes discussed this; and when
Vnncouver Trades and Labor council
decided to put a ticket of its own into
the field at the coming provincial elections, Mr. Cooke expressed the.opinion
that the council would bo well-advised
to merge its political efforts and aspirations with those of the Liberal party;
rnat was not tbe opinion of the oouncll. Nor was it oure. But it was obviously the firm, if—as we believe—
misguided, conviction of the Bev.
Cooke. As to the truth or otherwise of
the statements contained in "The
Crisis in B. C," that ia another matter. But juat why Mr. Bowser ahould
think he had made a unique discovery
when he learned that Mr. Cooke was a
Liberal, ia something ot a puzzle. We
bave known it for aome time, and we
certainly do not think he will feel
much put out about all the world
knowing be is a Liberal.
alono it will find enough to engage itB j minds one of a rag picker groping in a It is rumored thot Joe Martin is go-
attention so thoroughly that it will not{garbage can. Tbey ore the world's bo- ing tt* resurrect the Journal. If that is
even have time to notice tbe people ciul scavengers. No wonder "the bet* true, if means that joe figures a pro*
bathing on Sundays, much more to raise ter classes fully approve of their aetivi* vinciul election is really going to take
its voice in a wail of borriSed protest ties." place.   It will require a good deal to
Kft the cloud of darkness off the peo-
against it. But it is not likely to do
that. It would mean running foul of
its well-to-do patrons, the pillars of society and the church. So it follows the
line of loast resistance by seeking to
humbug the poorer- folk out of one of
the most enjoyable of their secular
pleasures. Incidentally, let it take a
look ut English Bay beach here, any
Sunday in the summer, and' figure out
how *its anti-bathing proposal. Would
fare in Vancouver.
Order lt from ths boy or phone
Seymoar 4010
Owner Hutlngi and Richards Its.
One hundred and eighty words per
minute, speaking slowly and distinctly—at our reduced rate to Nanalmo ot
fifty oenta for tne first minute, each
word coata less than one-third of a
This Includes your reply whloh Is
received without any waiting.
The telephone ia the only meana of
Long Distance verbal communication.
No other meana gives personal con*,
It Is the cheapest, fastest and most
THE LOBD'8 DAY Alliance has
not succeeded in having Sunday
bathing stopped in Toronto, despite its strenuous efforts to do ao. We
are glad it failed, because we think
such a proposal waa
very narrow-minded.
It aavored too much
of the time when
long faces and bigotry, and a lugubrious
air of "miserable ainnerlsm" were
considered the hall mark of common social fitness. It is of a piece with that
cumbersome and stupid solemnity call*
ed Puritanism, whieh considers that all
which ia natural and spontaneous in human nature ia inherently had; and must
be suppressed with gloomy rutblessness
in order to save mankind from ever*
lasting perdition, lta latter day manifestations, are alao open to the suspicion that some clergymen feel it is a
distinct material loss to' them, to see
thousands of people bathing their bodies
in clenn water, instead of bathing their
souls in one or another of the innumerable doctrines by the teaching of which
those clergymen get their living,
• « . •
Somebody said: "Cleanliness iB next
to godliness." The latter condition is
as varied aa religious belief. One fervently religious man will assert that
the godliness claimed by another is little' short of rank blasphemy. But
cleanliness is an objective condition,
the opposite of dirtiness, and which, can
be clearly understood by everyone. And
we confess tbat we think sanitation is
a necessary preliminary to saivatlon
either here or hereafter. Pray what
barm nan thore be—except to minds
contorted by some curious theological
twist—in people enjoying a good
healthy aplaah in clean oold water, on
the only day in the week when thousands nre freo to indulge in the joy of
it? Why, the mixed bathing beaches
nre a genuine delight to the eyes on
Sundaya. And certainly they are one
of the most effective enemies of that
bloodless and mincing prudery which
meun-soullcd' people take for modesty,
because their minds ate not big enough
to be ventilated.
Now if the Lord's Day Alliance feels
time hanging heavily on its hands; and
wants to turn its energies to the doing
of something which it would be well-
occupied in doing, let it use its machinery to discover how many women
and children are going hungry nowadays, not only in Toronto, but in every
Canadian city from the Atlantic to the
Pacific. Then let it call on this nation,
in the name of Eim whose holy day it
professes so muoh eoneern for, to purge
its body social of a condition which is
criminal disgrace in a land where there
are so many ehurchea that one can hardly throw a brick up without it falling
on one of them. Ia the elty of Toronto
who express, so  much  satisfaction at the passing of acts based
on the principle of state insurance of
workmen  against  industrial accidents,
should     not     allow
their   jubilation    to
run away with their
critical judgment. In
their speeches it ia a
common    thing    for
them to point out that the idea first
made Its appearance in Germany at the
instigation of Bismarck, when he was
chancellor of tbat pushful state.   He
was not inspired with any love for the
working class.   Nor did he intend to
give more tban be expected to gain.
*        •        •        •
At that time he waa driven to desperation by the failure of hie repressive measures against the sooial democrats, who. only seemed to grow in numbers and Influence, the more he assailed them. He considered that new
tactics were necessary if he waa to accomplish his purposes. So'he turned hia
mind to the devising of legislation
which would woo the working class out
of the arms of the social democrats.
One of his plans was the state inaurance of workmen against industrial accidents.
How far the end he sought was
achieved, is something which the student of German political history must decide for himself. The point to be borne
in mind is, that he did what he did with
the object of undermining the political
initiative of the working claas. He
knew better than tho mass of German
workmen did,.that anything voluntarily given to the workers by the ruling
class, is given with the ulterior object
of keeping the workera more in control.
History proves that only those thingi
which the workers have struggled for,
and secured by their own efforts, are
of any abiding value to .the class.
•       »       .       .
For that reason these compensation-
act gift-horses ahould be very carefully
examined in the month. Like moat other working-class legislation they make
their appearance at a time when the
signs on the political horizon seem to
portend the workera going into politics
for themselves to get some of the things
through their control of the political
power of the state, whieh experience
has proved to them they cannot get by
any other means. Threatened with politics, the politicians make an offer. It
usually consists of a bouquet with a
brick in the heart of it.
THE ANNUAL REPOET   of   the ple of,tUfl cityj but ^ two fluch hila.
Steel Trust gives a partial ex- riou9 event8 in pr0Bpect for the fallj
plankton of current discontent' Vancouver will not be the dullept city
with  conditions,in  industry.    In  the on the eontinent)'even _f it ia about
first  place,  the Steel  Corporation  ob- the most destitute and poverty Btricken.
viously relies upon a •       	
STEEL '   labor     8urPluB*     Iu     Two "internationals" which the war
TRUST 1913)  When busine8B has not been able to reduce to ruins are
BObT was   brisk,   It   em- Fashions   and   Music.   Berlin   admits
WAGES ployed  on an  aver- with captious regret that the sartorial
'■ft age, 228,906 men; in inspirations of Paris still hold their
1914, when business waB duller, it own in Germany. And the French have
hired only 179,553. As business picks come to the conclusion that Mendels-
up it will again hire more men; indeed, sohn will be worth listening to, when
it' acta upon the certain knowledge that von Ifackenaen is no more than a stone
it is at liberty to use labor when labor statute and a military momory. The
can be used with n maximum of profit universal appeal of genius annihilates
and to add its thousands to the swell- the baneful limitations of national pre-
ing army of unemployed at times when judice.
labor cannot be so profitably used.        . 	
•    •    *    • I   The   skid-road   attractions   of   the
The salary and wago averages show- Vancouver exhibition are to be of a
ed a condition almost as unfortunate veory high order this year, according to
as the employment figures. In the mills nil account. Included in the galaxy of
the average wage was |2.88 a day. As fair and freakish talent whioh is to de-
this average doubtlesB includes the light those willing to expend the nim-
wages of foremen, and of a numbere of ble nickle will be "a trained monkey
highly-skilled mechanics, it means that show," We understand the exhibition
the wage for unskilled labor, by which people have scoured the continent far
all wages have to be measured, is much and near to secure these "acts." But
leas than 42.88 a -day. Inasmuch as $3 just why it should be necessary to im-
a day is certainly the bare minimum Port a trained monkey show while the
on which a family can be kept going provincial parliament is still in exist*
with any degree of comfort, it iB per- ence, is not quite clear,
fectly clear that the unskilled labor of
the Steel Trust is receiving a great deal
less than a living wage.
week extracted' a highly moral
lesson  from  the  gallows condemned  extremity   of   "Mickey the
Dago."   First of all they picked out of
him the high Bpots of
hii   somewhat   lurid
career.    Then   they
"worked     up     his
MILL dope"     along    the
lines of Callous Kate
the Magdalen of Mile End, at a testimony meeting. It was nothing more,
to those who could read between the
lines, than a life atory in economic and
moral determinism; beginning in the
sordid limitations of poverty, and ending where the line of leaBt resistance
• ■ •    •     •
But Mickey was evidently a very
promising case from the standpoint of
Salvation Army procedure. So, having
whisked his record into readable shape
for him, Mickey signed it, the Province
newspaper published it,, and thus that
journal was able to offer its readers
last Wednesday evening a thoroughly
finished piece of yellow sensationalism
in the best Hearst style. The Salvation Army official positively gloats over
the case, because according to him the
condemned man thoroughly repented of
his crime, and was a complete "surrender, ''
t        •        *        •
The illogical part of the affair seems
to be that' Mickey did not confess he
committed the crime for which he was
hanged. Even when he was only a few
moments from death ne did not 'Confess. Yet the Salvation Army officers
who bad been in close contact with him
for some time, expressed the conviction
privately that Mickey was the man who
actually shot the police officer. Knowing this, and knowing that Mickey did
not confess, how can tney regard his
case as a hands up "surrender!" It
seems they are quite content to just
hold him up to public gaze as a "horrible example."
* •     •     *
What they did not do was, to point
out from the life story of thiB poor
wretch, that the economic conditions
under which ho was brought into the
world, gave him a pre-disposition to go
out of It the way he did. Society manufactures its criminals dally, and when
one of them is convicted, it is not so
muoh the individual who Ib condemned
as the social order which breeds the
type. Murderers are are all of them
either scraps of sooial sewage, or else
permanently or temporarily unsound in
mentality.    The.  Salvation  Army  re-
Militarism in fhf Schools
Military drill has no proper-place in
the public schools of a democracy.   It
1    is not needed on physical grounds, be-
And the meu who work with their cauae boys can easily be induced'to ex-
hands are not *-*.- only victims of low ercise and stand straight without it.  It
wages. In the administrative and sell- j» not neeflJd «? aj™ati«ial grounds,
.      , ,   . because such education as it gives is
ing departments wages-or salaries, as the wrong kindt   The formB of •mtojr
they are called when the recepient can drill grew out of the necesaity of en*
wear a white collar while he works— forcing discipline in the armes of Euro-
stood at an average of $2.97 a day.!??? M-»*oeraeies. They were intend-
tt f     t    ii a. .    ,1.   ed to destroy such democratic instincts
Here, even more largely than in theIB8 tne ioHi;n hadj to teach them to
mills, the average must include many shoot, to teach them to stab and to kill
incomes very'much above $2.97 a day, in other convenient ways, and to re-
and many more very much below $2.97 Place, ci^lian moralB *Jth, —tour?
n«tMM*i. +.,*> wiau. —n— jm. morals. They were meant also to re-
Evidently the white collar does pkce indivi/ual initiative   with   nn-
a day.
not guarantee a living salary.
questioning obedience to orders, and to
paralyze thought.
__. forms the public that he is tary drill. It would be foolish to as-
having a special kind of medal sort that drill does a moral harm to ev-
or label made, which he will give to "H* *-'°J* "posed to it, and yet it ia cer-
«... ,.u v... T,.„.„„tnj n,„„.„i„„. .„. tain that it doea turn some good-na-
men wbo have presented themselves *«|tnred> weii.rae(ming men into murder*
enlistment, but who „„. We have seen that in America in
could not be accepted timo of peace as well as in Europe in
owing to physical de-, t'Ine °** *"""*•
,„,   rm,.„ «,.„ „. '   If the older boys wish to become fa-
feet.  Theso they ean nmm ^ drin*'gj,m„a8tiM they wU,
wear publicly, and j„d it easy to join the militia or some
thus be distinguished private organisation; lt iB not necessary
from those who ore not thua labelled. :*■> provide militoriam as part of their
Now wo have said several time, before, —* * ta«*i^tl-*t.
that we do not Intend to advise nnyjout of the kindergartens.—San Fran*
man not to enlist, nor do we intend to olsco Bulletin,
advise any man to enlist. That wo believe should be a matter of free choice
for each man.
Westminster Trust Co.
J. J. JONES, Han, Director,
J. A. KEimiE. Sec-Treas.
at a Big Seduction ^T
Safety Deposit Boxes for Bent at 12.80 np
Wills Drawn Free of Charge
Deposits Accepted and Interest st Four Psr Cant. Allowed
on Dally Balances.
I. T. U. Delegate
Samuel   Haddon, of Toronto   Typo*
graphical union,, No.    91,   has   been
unanimously decided upon by the exec*
But this new scheme looks like one | utive council ns the I, T. U. representa-
of those indirect methods   of   compul* ;**•*"" »* ■*■>■> Vancouver convention of the
sinn    B,,«.nn.inn « ...... »™w ni... *„ TradeB and Labor congress of Canada,
sion    Supposing a man would like to!to g^ on th   mh of next month.
enbat, but would not like to carry an, '	
advertisement round on his coat, pro* I Monarchy Ib now stronger in Belgium
claiming to 'all tho world that he had "■■»■*■ before the war. This talk of the
a physical defect .nfflclently serious to ^"'J*,^ * ""^ *",
prevent him from passing tho recruit- j' __^__*__
ing standard. Is he expected,to pro-1 Mon learn by doing, but they don't
claim from the housetops facts about seem to learn much from being done,
which most men of oommon human decency are very sensitive, juat because
of some extra-enthusiastic recruiter!
We would advise him not to do ao. We
would alao advise him to have a good
"punchy" retort ready for anyone wbo
wants to know where his label Is.
The ultra-urban female of tho species
is most deadly to the male.
' Ir tbere waB any place for Fuck in tbe
general scheme of things to-day do you
think there would be any seed for him
to change his famous philosophy "What
fools these mortals be."f
. Some people who hope for heaven
hereof tor couldn't get past the devil
with the manners they have—much leaa
get into the other place.
City .aldermen have reduced their
salaries to (60 a month. Some of them
would be nn expensive civic investment
nt thnt many cents a year.
According to press dispatchea both
the German emperor and the Cear of
Russia have promised self-government
to tho Poles. After their experience
of the past fifty years the Poles will
be fully able to judgo juat how much
worth tbere is in both tho promises.
Tyrants are proverbially generous in
pledges when they find themselves ln
the position where tbe well justified
distrust of their victims is likely to
be embarrassing.
Local employees who received
slip with their last pay, Baying "Your
King and Country Need You—We
Don't," mny be expected to develop
somo very definite ideas of their own
on the subject. It is peculiarly human
for n man who is told he must do a
certuiu thing, to think out a dozen
reasons why ho should not. Whloh
lends to tho thought that if the working mule wore driven moro he would
not be so easy to load.
The Nanaimo Herald says that people
who interrupt recruiting meetings, like
those in Montreal, should be interned.
Now we spook as thoae less wise in re-
speot to such matters. But we would
like to timorously inquire whether the
Nanalmo Herald thinks the Germans
who advise their countrymen not to go
to war, should be interned. Let it bo
clearly understood wo are not trying to
start anything. We nre juat makinfc a
plain, unvarnished, Inquiry of our esteemed contemporary.
For  Fire
in Good Board Companies
Trust Company
122 Hastings St. West.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stock ui
Poultry. Britlah Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of IM aarss
to Aetual Settlers—
TEBMS—Besldenee on ths land
for at least three years; Improvements to tha extent of (5 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at leut ire aent.
For further information apply to
Allied Prlnlinj Trades Council—R. H. Net*
Isndi, Box 66.
Birben—S. H. Grant, 1801 7th Avenue W.
Bartenders—H. Dsvls, Box .94.
Blapksmltha — Malcolm    Porter,    view
Wtll P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Oowdmr, 1116 TUH-r-
fourth avenue .set.
Boilermaker.—A. Fraser, 1111 Row. 81.
Brewerr   Worken—frank   Qrabaas,  Ubor
Brieklayera—William I. Dasnall, Room
tls, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood ot Carpentera Dlstriot Council—I. L. Barratt, Boom tM, Ubor Tern*
Olnrmsken—Oare Eurti dfsr factor;, 71
WaUr Street.
Cooks, Walters, .WsltressM—Andr Orabsiu,
Room 206, Laber T.mple.
Electrics! Worken (oulsld.)—1. B. Morrison, Room 907, Lnbor Temple.
Electrical Work.™ (Inilde)—Room 907; f.
L, Eotlnfh.neen. (
Engineer.—E. Fnndmast, Room lit, Labor Templo,
Uninlw cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment Workers—Lsbor Temple.
Horseshoers—Lsbor Temple.
Letlercerrien—Robt.  Wight,  Dlitrlet 68.
Laborer.—George Harriion, Room 290, Labor Temple,
Locomolin firemen aad laslaeua—a Howard, 807. D.Tle etreet.
Loco Engineer.—L. T. Solloway, 1187 Hu*
wood.   Tel. Soy. 1848R.
Longehoremen—J. G Kelly, 10 Powell Street
AluclunlHi.t—J. H McVety, Knom 211,
Labor Temple.
Muslclstu—H. J. Braalild, Rooms 804*108,
Labor Temple.
Molden— *
Moving Picture Operators—L. B. Goodman, Lsbor Temple,
P&lnton—Room 808, Labor Temple
1-lumberi—Room 208 1-2,    Lsbor -Temple.
« Phone Seymour 8611.
Pressmen—P. D. Kilward, Labor Tomple.
HlautererH—Juhn James Cornish. 1808
Eleventh Ave. Bast.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 41U Argyle Street.
Vluarry Workers—Jams. Hepburn, ear.
I.'olumbla Hotel.
Itallroad Trainmen—A. B. MeCorvlllf.
Box 241.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb. 420 N.l.on
Seunen'e Unton—
Struotur.1 Iron Worken—Room 208, Labor
Stoneculten—Jsme. Rayburn, P. 0. Boi
Sheet Metal Worken.
Streot Rallwsy tapbya«—James I. OrUto,
168 Twenty-flfth avmae east.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, ear. Provlnc.
Telegraphers—B. B. Peppln, Bot 482.
Trade, and Labor Couneil—Oeo. Barltey,
Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box II,
Tailors—C. MoDonald, Box SOS.
Theatrical Stage Employes. „Qse. W. Allln.
Bex Til.
Tllelayers and Helpers—Evan Thomaa,
Labor Tempi..
tSmK; -Th T[1Si m —*"
____W,;T'tir«ti&lr%^ "ni-.
g.«h *£BSt.'BTf __$*„* "■•
lfc_&_i!»lsu*l., j». o. Box 66
'■■■Al{TBNUIiBM'~Gj*OAL   No   neZnv
fe*™ .Camjibeill;
t»«CKl,AH;H8   AM> A1A8UAB     V.,—
_ *?i-rr___^iPfe
Meete   Urn  and    tnird  Mondlti   a  .T _
&73S-s^SS?"} ?*S«L.\S
etne*       """'•■■■■' *• '"aer, 1161 How.
district ooomvrm~maasms
..d K«a*t,*Ss
&• L•B.t"!!*,^•,,• ™* «"^? ""Star,*
307, Labor Temple.
Art  for Labor Tomplo   'Pkoao Bxebooco,
Sojmour .7480   (nalou  otttnriM  itatod).
Brlckloyari—Wm. 8. DogntH, Room  215.
Cooko.    Wilton,    WoltnoiH—Room    308;
Andy Qrihim; phono Sey. 8414.
Electrical Worken   (ouUlde)—_. H.  Morrl-
■on, Room 207.
Enjrlnewi (itetra)—Room 11*1; B. Prendor-
Lotwihoreratn'i  AhocIoUob —  Ofloo,   148
Alexander otroot; Q. J. Kollf; phono Bot.
«889.       *
Moilelino—H. J. Brwflold, Roomi 104*100,
Libor Tomplo.
Streot Railway Employee!   tnd. A. Hoover;
phone 807. SOS.
Tn>o|Tiphiul—R. H. Neelinde, Room* 212-
"B.C. Special"—belt rye whisky—
distilled in B. 0, by competent workmen and dispensed at all leading bars.
Ask for "B.O. Special" •'•
2S2 Broadway But
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
. Morriion, Room
t^a_\___*\\r^ ,BU14*W*» AND COMM03
.... .-**bor.rs' union, Ho, 88—M..u .*•■• •*"*..
(hird Fridar of ,.— montn~Ub?r iw?.**
l-l-Mldent, i, 0. Aw3,by; Si,I p.„'d,in™#'.'
■ffifS'l, ""V »rttni htSSaVatm ,
John Bully, room 220,  L.bor T,i!S.     Ill
■sboren Invited lo meetlii,
MA0HIHMT8, NO.  1SS—MKET8 SEiliun ,
ud tourtn Friday, u a * ™ lffi„?
«;.Mof1M| »<»-**Uns ■eoen—r.i.aSSS!',
snanolal wcrcury, J. a, McV«iV.    "™,*""l
Mm 0 every flr.t Md u,ird w.dn..dsy ta tbe
H VV'",U* *.lU' Utor T»aple. i-ree'
™LA' S?'"1 «-""P«»idonl, A. Berentieii
SSI*""*" """"T. Jo. OomlehTseoi
JLveuth .venue out* an.nol.l mmur.
Omte. Mont,..**.,,. tt«.a„,. H.*loTffi
1Mb*   president, 'j*e   ruiy-iUh   ,,Xm
o?.,.i.J'".' °1 L'.mJ. *»»*«1 secretary: 1711
________lL-i. "•"*u5 '"
M..U Lsbor Temple, second end fourth W«l.
neidsy. .1 i:so and 8 p. m.   Pre.u.«i j™  ,
Hubble* ncordlnt secretary i 1 nifc,'
"i'''"5,t"^*»nn. MtrtofJre'
amTtm-V£r *fM"' ** •*• B°°™'
n^rR'tag-Hei. »wrd|»l lecretary,   0.   Mo-
_______$rM =R,-»'K*
TIP08RAPK10AL   union,   no.   aae^:
Mails last Sunday of .sch month it 9
£—JZPvw$ •S*/*™' ^'"PlMsi "m*
I'-aN Jtft TTaoeT,in"m'
In jnuuBlconnntlonln January.   Ei.c
in .onu., convention in January.   Ei.c
utlv. offieere, 1018-18:   Pruldent, X. Watoh*
w,  „ ^ -.—sl "■ i«m; Prince Rupert,
«. E. Denning: Reveletoke. J. Lyon: Dli
'■*'""• P' *%*_ »' A* <V*a»eou»; iiland ,
S. Outhrle: Dlitrlet 18, U. M. W. of A
(Crow's N..t V.R.,)   A. J. Osrtw; Mott
sam,1 *-•w,u''p/ °- -> "'*■
Lshor hsU,  1494*-Oovernment street, at S
6 *-.,*"*&-}!Jh & w«M»Lsecr.tary, F.
oldrldg., Boa 809, Victoria, B. 0.
Coal mining right, of th. Dominion.
In Manitoba. Saskatchewan and Alborta.
the Yukon Territory, th. Northwest Territories and In a portion of th. Province
of British Columbia, may b. leased (01
a term of twenty-one yeara at an annual
rental of fl an aer.. Not mor. than
1,680 acres will b. leased to one applicant.
Applications for leas, must b. made by
the applicant In person to th. Agent ot
Sub-Agent of th. dlstriot In whloh the
righto applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory th. land muat b»
described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unaurv.y.d territory the tract applied for shall be
staked by th. applicant himself.
Bach application muat be aeoompanled
by a fee of |8, whloh will ba refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall b.
paid on th. merchantable output of the
mine at the rata of Ave cents par ton.
The person operating th. mine ahall
furnish tha Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable eoal mined and pay th. royalty thereon. If th. eoal mining rlghta
are not being operated, such returns
should be furnished at least one. a year.
The lease will includs th. ooal mining
rights only, hut the lessee may be par-
surface rights may be considered nWM-
sary for the working of th. mln. at the
rat. of lit an aer..
For full Information application ahould
be made to the Secretary of the Department of th. Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of th. Interior.
N. B.-Unauthorlsed publication of thla
advertisement will not he pall for—IMM.
Whenever you ean consistently do ao,
when you require anything yon aee advertised in The Federatlonist, be sure
and explain that you aaw his ad. in Tha
Federatlonist, and that it was because
of that that he Is patronized. Don't
forget this. *"
Un.ou.llsd Vsudavlll. M.ana ,
tM, 7J0, 1.11   S..scn'i  Prleui
11c. 1 Ivanlnfa, 18c„ SM>
Directors: Ju. Brown, pnaidont; R. P.
Pettipiece, vice-preeident: Edward Lothi.n,
James Campbell, 3. W. Wllklnion, Oeo. Wllby, W. J. Nagle, F. Blumberg, B. B. Pre..
Managing director and leeretarytreuurer, J.
B, McVity, room ill, Labor Temple.
at call of preildent, Labor Temple, Van*
couver, B. 0. Director.: Jamee Campbell,
preildent: J* H. McVety, McreUry-treaiurer:
A. Watchman, A. a Walls, R. Farm, Petti*
piece, manager, 917 Labor Temple. Tele-
phone:   8.ymour 7481.
Or America rQ*-
__w ___ __m___ »»■»»
Voto  ORotnot prohibition I
nil liberty In ohootlni •
Aak for_ tbii Label whoa purohulnv Boor,
r whtt you will {
lontl liberty la enooilni
Aik for thli Labol wL_    -....
AIo or Porter, ao a naraatoo that lt lo Union Hido. Tbii Ii Onr Labol
10 Cent Cakes
The Terminal Steam
Navigation Co., Ltd.
On one of the Compeny'i rt.lm.re to
Good fer Dty of Ihuo Only
Phono SoynourUJO ^^memateatm
There are  a number of
reasons WHY* you should
. purchase LECKIE
(SHOES in preference" to
others.   One good reason
are made in British Columbia in a British Colum- •    ,
bia institution by British Columbians.
Every penny you pay for LECKIE SHOES remains
here in British Columbia. You pay no duty.
Another reason is that you can not purchase a better
shoe on the market.. Any man* who wears a LECKIE
will testify to that.
—At Leading Dealers Everywhere—
World Shoe Co.
«4 Hastings St, W„ Phone Sey. 1770
Best Shoe Repairing: "While Yon Walt*
Work called for and delivend
Loggers' Miners' Cripples' and any kind
of special Shoes made to order
Feminine Writer Condemns
Sensational Publicity
Given Some Cases
within the past ten years, much of
_._.-.. —..__:.— wh'**1* undoubtedly has proved to be
GATION CONTINUES on unprofitable investment, as veil as
,„     .        •■        „      '      ,        • a still further large amount wasted on
(Continued from Page One.)        *iabor ttnd materi3 through faulty en-
 r-**--—'  ginooring and management, it is not at
able, that these men fop the service all surprising if  this  company  were
that they render, which service alone only paying 4.69 per cent, on their en-
make it possible to carry on, this work tire investments,
.are entitled to a fair living wage re-     "Mr. Murrin has told you that this
gardless of dividends or any other pro* company have invested $22,000,000 in
position of that kind. , . .the railway'business alone, but he has
"1 contend that in the operation of not told you what part of the 22 .mil*
a car system like thiB, the services of lions is invested in actual plant, and
the men and what might be termed what part'is the'result of mismanage-
that whioh is produced by the men, is ment and waste. ■
an indispensible element in the produc*     "They told you that they made a
tiveness which those who are in control profit in 1906 of 5.67 on seven and one*
of the utility expect to be realized from third millions investment, but have not
I its operation and that those who have told you that they paid 6 per eent. on
undertaken the management and con- their common stock that year.
trol its operation enjoy sufficient pro-!   "As I have  previously  stated  the
fits to pay a fair living wage at all financial condition of this company is
times, i one thing with which we have abso-
"As long as the men are not.charged lutely nothing to do, and if .the com*
with the function of the management pany is to furnish all ne improvements
and control of the eompany. have no demanded- by the community, or if the
voice in it, and no duty and reaponsi- company has put millions of dollars into
bility in it, it is my belief that the ill-advised and unprofitable investments,
eompany should be expected to pay a they ought not to eome out of the pock-
living wage and particularly a public ets of these men.
|utility like the B. 0. E. B. company;   .<We believe the company are in a
more than in any other capacity, be- position to pay a fair living wage. But
cause they opernte by virtue of fran- {j this board should consider that the . .    ■ „    _■■ » -.-, ^„« «,.
chses received from the people. company's financial oondltion of inn- "PP*"'1"" *> ••- **» hBW 8"™ **'
When they have undertaken such ymy to pay are matters which would I matter any serious   thought   or   who
•SeyZe 'ulr^ZloZhM^i ta rfXr^ltaftf^ *7 ™k**" iP,?Vrt "d
prok Mt in altruistic manner, A _,-______ ?e"Lu£ltoZ?h£i< Z_t__* ffSXl or*-**
profit.   Toese who are In the rnanane* .....ii— , .,~.f-  • *   ■ ■    court might not only deal mtn ineii
«■ —.     -[ immorality,   but   days
apart for domestic eases,
Domestic   and   Morality
Cases Not Improved by
[By Mrs. Bose Henderson.]
The advantages*, to be gained by establishing courts for women. must be
apparent to all who have given the
i <f
Women Are Enlisting
' Hon Are Needed to Use
nav theaa man. wl.ltn,,. «,!,,.■. -J«. v —{'.  •'■ .  . -. _.vj.i.
Named Skoes are frequenll-f made a Non-
Union Factoriti-Do Not Boy Any Shoe
no matter what lta nam*, unless tt beam a
plain and readable Impreeslon or this stamp.
AU shoes without th* Union Stamp art
always Non-Union.
IM Summer Street, Boston, Han.
J. P Tohta, Prw    C. L. Blaine, Bm.-Tmm.
Ask for   "NABOB,"   Mad*
Get and use "NABOB" everytime
Jingle Pot Coal
More heat. No Clinkers
Millwood and Kindling....  M.I0 load
Choice 16 inch Fir ....".... , $3.00 load
General Cartage, Baggage and Furniture Moved .and Stored
Phone: Seymour 1936
Our new fall stock of Stanfield's Underwear has arrived,
although wool has materially advanced our prices remain the
Truro Knit     $2.60 per suit
Bed Label      3.00 per suit
Blue Label......    3.60 per suit
Brown Truro    2.60 permit
Heaniih Brown  ..   4 00 per Ait
18,20 Cordova St. Branch Store: 444 Main St.
 > ' _L__^_
-Enjoy Health-Sleep Out-doors
Under a "Pioneer" Tent
Camping Tents, Fishing Tents,
Tente for the Yard, Tents for the
Sleeping Porch, Tents for tho whole
crowd, or Small Tents for Packing.
runout Pioneer Brand.
pay these men, without whose produc* " t*
tiveness and without whose oo-operti* that
.tion there could be no profits; they Dv
iXstdttafauXXKe ""'""h,?  "Tf   <*"*"   -1-MStaN-.
paid a fair living wage, -i—'>-■«  ' -   •-
tlvenea, and without who.. ^ooett-thtt thl ™U^mUe\ ™ffi * f— —■* » — «%-* — —
Hon there oould be no profit.; they bv extensive ™«J....„ ~! . P T* ««peot of the family and home is to
have nndertake. It nnde/the implied IS^tS ta5l2*,J> -*«-* and tie law tato-be a
2___*_*J_**- •£. w?0..*PI Immmlt..Tu^cenS."!™ »»-1 P^ting, instead of a'destroying, »
wuu.u   uv   an   <,,.... v   . w.    .vwnu.   u»ovb,
Tr_„„a   I most of whieh should never be aired in
.„«!!: » P»*>"*- <-•"»•% « t*» dignity and self
i law is tcte a
paM a fair living wage. ■■■'--_::   piaMd tn the reserve' fund during the
"In the city of Chicago where it is rs,t   „iM   years:   1906,   ♦827,988^6:
estimated there are J.0,000 unemployed, ■ 1907    «ir,702.20j   1908,   *3M6*M.16;,. „„.„„„-„„„.,.„ wouia una no resnn|
the street car men who were receiving 1909,   *S1<*,059.80(   19J0,  t_tMaM; place: reporters no sensational stories,
a maximum of 82 cents in the second lm   m&,mM; 1912,   ♦946,872.44; | white-slavers no quarter; petty lawyers
year, jhave   received  an increase in 1913   $963,049.24;  1914,  »749,182.80— <- -•     -"•A •'* *'
wages of 4 cents per hour on this rate, making a total of »4,812,483.24.
malting the maxximnm rate 36 cents per
Banish Morbidly Curious
In a'women's court the morbid rag*,
tag-and-bob-tail would flnd no resting!
hour, or 7 cents per hour higher than
that paid by this eompany for a corresponding period of service
3*—0 Troubles
Replying to the suggestion that the
company was buying power from the
If it were true that the eompany vZc„!LT„JT g Poww *"» «"
.could get a sufficient number of Wen 0? „TCTri».Z °?m',.8t a mm)l
the kind which it needs under present Et tL^Z^hl *T l*" con*I,et**
[condition, it would rather iSdi'at. '"' ""JS".F"?1?, Pow<* 0.0,n*
that the present wages in other occu- ^ S fLL"^^^^
pations were unfair and unreasonable; K™L? li frS™ *!8elf-, 8*,pt* Mur*
it 1. .  11 ,_.',   ."*..• nn said  that the sale of power was
no clients; officials wouldn't need to
display their generosity, and an army
, of the coyotes of the underworld
I would be without well paid jobs. The
gain to the community, in this respect
alone, would repay tenfold the expanse incurred.
Th* Doubt* Standard
If a stranger from Mars dropped into
our  courts any  morning, particularly
after one of our periodical and spasmo-
it ia a generally recognised fact that „1_. .»'A **le .°f powm WM ■,'*-" ""° "' "ur !"""»""" »»» ■paemo-
working men have no means of effect- STm. j mm7 n'T"a conditions die raids—if he were to judge by the
ively protecting and advancing their in- It , p !. wa" n0 "ritmion of 1 number of women up for sentence, or
terosta without organisation, and it ia J£L""! °      * conditions were the line, and the absence of their male part-
teroata without organisation, and tt is
eually true that In many instances they,   ..At the preBeBt time we would be
are still unorganized. \gM   t0   ,_   tt the ,Bme    ri(.e th
"Any evidence submitted tending to powet we „e buyillg from 0M 00nl.
prove that the B. C. E. railway is pay petitor;" he aald.
ing high wages as compared with some. ,
other companies   in   eastern   Canada, Kore Food Experts
would not in itself be proof that the |   Mr. F.   W.  Welsh, of  the  London
wages paid by thoee other companies 0mety a„a Mr, Li MoTgggMt pro*
are unfair.    Were it a* proof of fair | duoed for th, beneflt of the commis- _r ,.   	
wages it must   be   evident  that_the ,1(m' u,t,   ol prices of staples taken Is who suffers all the scoffs, kicks, lo*
street railway employees of the B. C. from invoices In May  and  June   of clal scorn, and ostracism.   Supposedly
B. railway could never hope for any- 1913 and  of. 19jB   ,ent t0 the  ,jme tie We»kest one, it is she who-is the
thing above the highest level at pres- customers.    These showed that bacon,' object of prayer, polite and veiled about maintained by any company, which i„d) eggs, coffee, starch and vinegar cussion in churehes and clubs, the viols absurd. ....       ..  ....      were constant in price; tea and sugar tim of persecution, police surveillance,
-.    -^"iSSRSr'ffW?'-STtl,,Jr oui increased 26 per cent, in coBt on advice, abuse, medical Inspection, flnes,
hate t46,m0.060 invested in this pro- the iinM quoted. :. (imprisonment, and Jnolly, loathed and
vlnce, and. that last year they earned| N-5_i_.3 %_ ',.   *--   - --   -       - •
only 4.66 per cent ol this investment. ____   ____ vii<j „,„„„,     „.g„Uj
?** J.*?.» S»- -1°* .t0!d yo? -**?w m™*!   Mr* Murrin presented   a   statement o'fTt air,""as lf"to"add ignominy upon
which   showed   decrease in the gross ignominy, arrested, accused, defended
—u. ...,   n,« uuv lulu yuu now muCU
of this $46,000,000 is invested in specu-
i_.i— —.—.— ... -   .  -
mi ME*MrS
own Borrims
?i____y_t__ ____________
^m^m\^l0^*tm™a***aHK wMBVPM^W
Tb*t li od vfsrf bottle of CASCADE BEER.   ETtrjr parebM* of thla Indies
brow, iddi anbattDtfollr to tht pipo)) of B, 0.
Aak for CASCADE ud teooyt no othtr brand.   Bnwod ud bottled   br
. nets, he would be justified in concluding that there were more immoral wo*
1 men than men. But, if we ean put any
faith in the facts and figures brought
. forth from the investigation of the vice
commission of Chicago, we are told that
there are twenty rimes as many immoral men ae there are women. Tet the
woman, not the man, Is held up* as the
horrible example of immorality. She it
is who Buffers all the scoffs, kicks, 'so-
,u.|>..DUUIUCUV,    RUU    UUHI1J.,    lUHtUBU    UHU
nn«>nni* I.....,.., «_.. «„   Idespised by all, dies a lonely and hor*
TOBSDAT AWBBNOON SESSION   1,^ de»th; and the crowniig tragedy
  of it all, «*	
— ,--,---,— .» .-.»...... .u ■(*».* which   showed   decrease in tto gross ignominy, _      ,
lu^'Z^A-n   * JlESnSE PM»■'»8■!'• earnings of the company for sentenced' and railroaded to jail or to
thing now, and will not earn enythlng «,, month of June, 1815, compared with the street by the very sex for whose
tor years to come. the month of June, 1913.   On the three pleasure and convenience   she   exists,
™,I»L ,3  rt!  p„,.i   nZ   15.  I<,Bdin« ,u,a in «*• 6«y. n<UB«13r. Bob* »h»* out from every uplifting Influence
EE Lljili tfnUZZ i!Si ,on' D^ie and Fourth avenue, the drop of home and frienu*s, while for betray
rt. L!„.nv ¥.. ™3TSffifiiS^A in rovmn" iu *"• two ye"» WM. M* er". P«rtM™ »"• fmehetete maintain
i».ll ™H -* !hP. it/S'T.™ »Pei!»TOJ?'   M*8» P«r wut. 46.26 per their standing in ciurch, state and so*
hSni P,«.r»!! i,WPZZ TJ oent- •""' 46'97 P" cen«-   ^ dm™»«8 «i»l 1"«. '""Pfxl -»*o «-•-> l-OKt families,
n, L rtf uLJ-&J$'W-%& over "•• "y"'8"1 SroP°r WM •» fo«ow»! booming    fathers,. husbands,   public
ffi-Sf-i-l SlLtft t-_-—t Vancouver City, Bl.75 per cent.; West- guardians and administrators.    ^'The
! It ™**.S2L™ Ul rtT^™y rain3,er raty- 4426 P« «ont.; Westmln* Woman Pays."
in any way whatever, and so the com* ,ter Interurban, 68.84 per cent.; Lulu Is-1 .    .„.«u „»„,.„
pany receive no returns on these mil- land   nM     'r mnt* ^^ VJ, An Averag. Morning
lions they hnve invested in these spoou- 34,45 per oent. Burnaby, 36.35 per cent. ■    °" *-Imost any morning, particularly
lative   enterprises.    Then   again,   un- North VnncouVeer, 25.79 per cent.; Vic! »«*« » —*, the speotacle in the po-
doubtedly there has been a very large tori    40^6 ent   On the city lines I'00 "ourt,   if  not   so' disgusting and
nmounr of capital ana material wasted which have no competition from jitneys senseless, would make ample material
on the Coquitlam dam and power plant, the decrease was as follows: Sixteenth for "tory and verse, tears and laughter,
estimated to amount to millions of dol- avenue  2260 per ceilt. Dunbor 38,54 comedy and tragedy (particularly tho
hre.   On the transmission line in the per oe^.. Sasafmat| 44.6'7 pe, oeit.        latter).
Fraser yaUey, we believe much money r       *   ' '        / 1    Oould there be anything more illogi*
has beon wasted in the extra cost of |      BW» w««e Bchednl* Increasing .'   foalj or more inoongrUous than the spec*
construction  in  labor   and   material     Taking up the wage schedule again, tncle of a big burly policeman, morality
which was entirely unnecessary, maten* Mr. Murrin went at length into the inspector, or detective, swearing solemn*
al such u poles, stays, insulators and schedule of wages paid the company's ly, even assuming an air of righteous
cross arms were used for every pole employees, contending that the rate paid indignation and injured respectability,
(these poles are 50 to 60 feet long) experienced men hod been gradually in- "to tho best of his knowledge, so help
when it only required every other pole creasing during tho paat few yeara, and me Ood," that the woman before the
of this length with high tentlon equip- with the aame asreement prevailing a bar is   Immoral,   addicted   to   liquor,
""jut* . further increase would take effect next smokes and stays out nights, evon fre-
"Over-head charges have been very year.   Mr. Murrin also complained to quents houses of ill-fame, accusing her
excessive, scores or even hundreds of the board that according to the present of the very sins which, while he may
high-paid officials, clerks, stenographers, seniority clause'in the agreement the be all right, his sex openly admits be-
etc, have been laid off lately. most efficient men chose to work on the ing guilty of I
"With all this huge Investment that lines on whioh efficiency was not need-l .   ...   .... ,,_
1 comnanv have made In thl. nrnrlnn. .ed 80.much as on other lines.  Mr. Mur- •^,, "*u' "*u,c"'
;rin stated that the company could not I The daily press of every city, year in
govern this phase of the question, the arid year out, reeks with the most lurid
men having the right to say where they rand nausoating accounts of tho graft
should work. land nctual participation in the vice of
the underworld by the  guardians   of
Should Imitate Montreal !low and morality.   Bven  school boys
Mr. Murrin also quoted the wage are aware of these facts. Tet we con-
schedules of Edmonton and Montreal, | tinuo to take the evidence and word of
contending that whilo the rotes paid in mon, many of whom aro not any bettor,
[Edmonton wore practically the same as somo not as good as, the women they
paid by the B. C. B. B. company, tho nrro3t ond testify against! This is
cost of living in Edmonton was muoh about as sane as if we allowed the in-
higher thnn in Vancouver, which is sane to examine and cortify to, the
I practically on a par with Montreal in sanity or insnnity of other patients,
this respect. On these grounds Mr. I Surely, suroly, justice is ns blind as a
Murrin thought tho rato of wage, in but. If our sense of honor waB not so
I Vancouver Bhould be the same as is dolled,   and   tho  faculty   for   npprc*
Royal Crown Naptha Soap
Thousands of wonwn an making walking easier ty letting BOTAL OBOWW
HAPTHA SOAP do'the hart part *f tk*
washing far th»m. Try a cake and you
irill lot* n* —ot *nliitlng.
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
AMAI0AK rnxmas    mo
BKAimrouHM......    too
DImum ef tb* gams, Including trorrAot, toootttt_y tmtod.
nntfcrmrmi m**i MM*«rottm
602 HaiUnp Stnet Wot
I "ini an nun imga invtJurni.eni mat
tne company have made in this provinoe
Vancouver—Ofllce and ChaaeL
1084 Granville St., Phona Say. 8481.
North Vancouver — Offloe and
Chapel, 122-Sixth St Weat, Phona
puid in Montreal
Another Comparison of Pricei
Tin' evidence submitted by Mr. Hoover in beholf of the men woh reviewed at
■•hit in j? the ridiculous almost lacking in
us, we would have seen our stupidity
ami inconsistency ere this and would
hnve wiped out long ago this injustice
to women.    We would   have   been   nt
SLiiAVf' M"r*!\ll.fl "•»' ic..»'r«r'merc'iful"t'o"wnrd"them""as wc
™S "g„.,h"L„,1,C.J.™t.J0fJ!.v,i"e,!..n.!'»ve   been   toward, men, and would
have made sure that'
were moral persons
their    accusers
What a tremendous expeditionary
force could be made up from those who
do nothing but advise others to got
Fairmont 810
Patterson* Chandler
Manufacturer, of
Vaults, Curbing, Etc.
Offloa and Works:
Oor. 16th Ave. ud Main St.
Branoh Offlce: 40th * Fraaer Avee.
.general hns beon reduced in this city
during the pust two years. In an endeavor to offset evidence submitted in
bohalf of the men to show that the cost
of living wns lower in Seattle than in
Vancouvere, Mr. Murrin called Mr. C.
> A. Lee, who submitted a list of pricts
'obtained from the same store in Seattle, showing the* price for certain foodstuffs to be considerably greater than
was quoted when the list was submitted
in behalf of the mon. Hr. Murrin said
that he merely put in this list to show
that it was a very difficult matter to
obtain a list which could be really relied upon to show the exact coat of certain foodstuffs.
Mr. Hoover then dealt with the
standard of living and fair living-
wage as defined by tbe Bussell Sage
foundation, as well as several persons
of standing and prominence'who have
spent much time in investigating and
studlng this question. The normal
standard of living as defined by theso
authorities on the question, prove that
a man who lives a respectable life in
this city under the environments that
1 prevail here should have at least #1,200
a yesr, and no one can dispute that is
not a conservative estimate to  main-,   ---—-» ~~ ;r ^JSTZTKL.
tain a normal standard of living in this j, W %***?'^l Sffi £f
I city.   The average earnings of the car „„,i feech.Tt by lh. f»*t   pltuurt   .tenter
mon are less than 4900 per year, which  saxta MARIA,
proves that the employee, of the B.|t*»» '•>»»*''.*- ¥*••'.'. •'••'•»   ••*° *' m
IC. E. Bailway company are not receiv-
Sunday Summer Sailings.
i-» - . T ii , r—i •»* nos receiv*
ng a fair llvlng-wage and cannot maintain even anything like t normal stand*
Arrive* Gibeon'. Landing  ....  11:80 .. ~.
Robert's Creok ..    .. 11:11 p. m.
"      8eeh.lt      1:00 p.m
Returning lures Reehrh at...    5:00 p. m
Arrlvln. Vueoaver ebnet      B:lft n, n
1    roll panlwtors Fhose Ser* «'I0.
For Ages 6 to 16 yean
from 50c. up
iM-tM uinm rnmnii nw attmm tm
Patronise the Union LtM
bjrtuinf    t
For Sale »t All D«*Iew
285 Duffwin Stmt
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Pint   ... ..       Lug* trt American Stamen ate American tag
Out $95.00 X't "New York" Aug. 21st
Seeond.       - V   V   "PMMelpMa" Aug.28th
Ow   $65.00 O.Y "StLouta"....* Sept 4th
" Wn We „st p,ul. ggpt^ uth
q^   $40.00 *nC WMkly th««rft.r.
'    Company1* OBoes: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
Leri.et aa* most select stMk la Wast-
D^a. Easy Terns ud deoeat
treatment, at war Ome ptteee.
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
Daily Launch Trips Up North Arm
Indian River, Wlfwsm Ian an* ^1 way points, Iwttuslaf, ketUnj, OMao.
dsndni, Me. HetnUeeit sonny. "OmU ne mere tkaa suyla* la town."
Tickets aad farther laferaattw:
Harbour Shipping Co., Gore Ave. Wharf.  Sey. 9690
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 ^25 Cents
32 Bide, at 32 Bid., on Your Saving On
A 5 Cent Fare Tango Tieltet. tl Investment
$1.60    $1.00     60c.
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
They are Mid by conductors on the cue, at the B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Hastings streets and 1138 OranrlUe street; the Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and south end of
OranrlUe street bridge; Depotmaater's Offlce at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Car Barn, Main street asd Thirteenth avenue, and at the
places of business of the following firms throughout the dty:
Woodward's   Dopt.   Stores    (Drug
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner.
Span car'i Dopt.   Storo    (Ouhler'a
oftce, Information Bnreiu and Ki<
ehanie Desks),  near Richards.
Wood's Pharmacy—Soymour Street
OaapboU's Pharri-cr — Oranvlllt
Btreet corner.
Owl Dmgatoro—Main Street corner.
Harrison7! Drag Storo—Near Car
rail atroot
Browne    *    Boaton,      DruvgUti,
Pender atreet corner.
Law's   Drugstore — Harris itreet
Owl    Drugstore — Abbott itnot
Owl    Dmgatoro ***-*- Dnnlery street
(EngUih Bay)
Torraaoo Drugitoi
m — Dario itreet
Hudson's Bay Oo. All departments
Ot'orgia stroet corner.
Gordon Drysdale'i  (Notion    Coun*
ter)  near Dunsmuir.
Owl Drugstore — Dummnlr atroot.
Harrlson-i    Drugstore —    Robson
atreet corner.
Browno * Beaton, druggists, Davlo
ntreet corner.
P1U Boi Drngstoro — Nelson street
Law's Drugstore — Davlo    atroot
Harrison's     Drngstoro — Pender
titroet corner.
Harrison's   Drngstoro — Oranvllle
Mreet   and   Seventh   avenuo.
Law's Drugitoro — Near Broadway
OampboU'i Drngstoro — Broadway
anil Commercial Drive.
KitchoU's Oonloetlonory— Georgia
■treet entrance.
Carrall and Haatinga Sta.
1138 Granville
Near Davie
lie St I Vo»d
FRIDAY........ AUGUST 6, Wll
Commencing Monday and
Continuing for Ten Days
the greatest sale of high grade,,.'
perfect shoes ever held in
Canada-thousands of pairs, in
scores of different styles, actual
$5.00 and $6.00 values
PER PAIR  tfc&.t/0
\^ .   _J maaaaama itta     mam t pttattat. aroatt aattrntamt*. ■
Consumers  Buy Direct
from Producers
The Vancouver City Market
There will be an abundance of all varieties of Food Pro-
duets on sale at the VANCOUVER CITY MARKET this
It will certainly be to your interest to visit the market
and buy direct
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
Selling tat Wholesale Prices
Boost the Market
foryour own interests
Fairmont 2178  Main St Bridge
HOTEL REGENT A/^olutely Ktrwrjot   Looal and Loos-utsuuic.
Javaau UKUCiUl phjutin Bv.ry Room.Ce/. In Conneotlon. Ratea
JI.SS par dayjip.   Attractive Rates to Permanent Que ■
OsMnfknsB a .aetetr, .risfsiotofo lis
This year will be bigger
and better than usual
No effort is withheld that
will promote its success.
| Full Classifications in all Departments
$50,000 in Prizes
AUGUST 13th to 21st
Special attention this year
to Agricultural Exhibits
\ Remember Peach Week
August 16th to 21st
The One Big Fair in B.C. in 1915
"Business as Usual"
Cheap Excursions
Admission 25c.
Exhibition Grounds - - Vancouver
E S. Rolston, Manager
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: Patriotism ia a very needful thing these days.
It covers the naked truths that shock
some people's sensibilities.
It serves especially well to cover up
contracts with the government for war
supplies, etc., as the following local circumstance might prove:
The Victoria Chemical Works is
about to enter into a contract with, the
government. This particular institution was up to the time of the. war,
managed by the celebrated Col. Hall of
Nanaimo fame. It will be remembered
that it was he who went to Nanaimo
during the strike, and who while there
prepared the way for the Austrlans
and Germans, who subsequently occupied the jobs formerly held by the
striking miners.
Since war was declared he went to
the front, but since he was wounded,
he has been in the employ of the Brit-
iso government with their chemical experts. Of course, it ia not inferred;
that there is any connection with that
fact, and the contract .to be giyen to
the above named firm.        ->.,   -,.,■"
The peculiarity that is . adwiated
with this patriotism, however, is that
for years Chinamen have been employed- Furthermore, mere,are soldiers
stationed at the works for its protection.- There are British subjects walking around starving, and so there is no
excuse for the employment of Asiatics.
They have made it the policy for some
time to dismiss single white men, giving, them the hint that they are required somewhere in France. Thus beneath the protection of British soldiers,
the white single men must starve, and
the yellow single men are kept on. It
will be contended, of course, as is usually done as an excuse for such action,
that white men are' not able to do the
-kind of work that the Chinamen do,
but the writer is informed that any
white man can do that kind of work.
However, some form of compulsion
must be resorted to aB a substitute for
conscription, otherwise the ranks will
not fill up quick enough. The white
race ia an alleged superior race over
the Orientals, yet the single white men
must be sent for gun fodder, while the
single Chinamen have their jobs. Of
course, we must have British soldiers to
protect this kind of patriotism. "Line
up," you single white men, what right
have you to exist anyhow.
Victoria, B. C, Aug. 3,1915.
Editor Bennett's Experience with Ledger View of Many
In its editorial, valedictory last week
the District (Fernie) Ledger concludes:
'', . . Having briefly reviewed the
Ledger's career and its activities on behalf of the worker, it is opportune to
touch upon the business phase. Any
publication primarily existing for the
{inunction of ideals and adhering strict-
y to its principles must sooner of later
clash With divergent interests. Advertising is- the bone and sinew of the ordinary newspaper, and its character is
not called into question "so long as its
insertion is not contrary to law and the
payment therefor is forthcoming. Not
so with a labor organ. For example
To be consistent it cannot sell space to
any firm or corporation that iB known
to be unfair to union labor. Furthermore, in the. performances of its duties
care must be taken to exercise supervision over other advertising matter to
see that nothing is allowed publication
that may be regarded as inimical to
the interests of the worker. Following
this course of action, the Ledger haB refused profitable advertising, viewed by
the.dollar and cent standard, because
of its dubious character when regarded
in its relation to the worker's welfare.
This, perforce, whilst in the abstract
may have been productive of good
(ethically considered), in the concrete
it has adversely affected the cash column of the assets. We regret the suspension because we know the value to
the worker of a medium of expression
ever ready to meet any emergencies
that may arise, as well as serving as
an educative propaganda sheet. Moreover, candor compels us to admit that
whilst financial stringency has been
ascribed as the cause of the defection,
apathy, indifference. and illogical opposition were more, potent factors than
financial stringency. We do most sincerely hope that the time is not far distant when the resurrection will take
place, and that once accomplished the
lessons learnt by practical experience
will be taken to heart, and no effort,
looking to the building up of a Btlll
more powerful exponent of the workers' interests will be omitted, and the
District Ledger redivivus will in the
future, as in the past, be a tower of
strength to the proletariat."
"Jack" McMillan Enlists
According to private advices,
"Jack" McMillan is* now in Britain,
and has enlisted in some branch of the
military forces. He will be remembered as a very active worker in the local
labor movement where his friends and
well-wishers are innumerable.
Woman, Industry and Legislation
Since women are in the economic
world, and have come to stay, it Ib just
thnt thoy should have their opinions
counted concerning the law-makers and
the officials who govern their world of
labor and life. The working women of
England have been much more alive to
their disadvantages ttinn our own women wage-earners. The increasing independence of women will be the power
to settle the entire uestion of the enfranchisement of women. The womanhood of our country has been the enfeebled by a prevailing sentiment, foolish as it is untrue—that frailty and dependence are attractive qualities in a
woman. Let us be fervently thankful
that such ideals have taken flight. The
question of the franchise for women Ib
a political question only so far aa it is
a question of right and wrong and of
fair-dealing. When we analyze the
conditions under which women are
placed to-day, nnd their part in this
cruel conflict, surely we are .ready to
say that they are entitled to their ahare
in tbe choice of the men who will make
the laws under whieh they must live.—
Women's Century.
Smoke Local Hade Cigars
Support those who support yon. The
brands given below are made by* union
men in Vancouver. All dealers have
them in stock. Ask for them. Give
them a trial. They are sure to please:
Kurtz's "Pioneer," "Terminus,"
Booth's "Bouquet,'* and "P. and B."
A lawyer is a man who settles Us
own differences ont of court.
Capital 115,000,000        Best  »1S,600,000
Mais Offlce:   Owner Hastings and Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
ALMA ROAD i Cor. Foarth Avenuo and Alma Bo*d
COMMERCIAL DRIVE*. Oor. Flnt Avenue and Commercial Drive
EAST END Cor. Fender and Main Street!
FAIRVIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Granville Street
HASTINOS and CAMBIE.; Oor. Hastlngi and Cambie Streeti
KITSILANO Cor. Foarth Avenuo and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT.....' Cor. Eighth Avenuo and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL  Cor.. Forty-fourth Avenu. and Fraier Road
Alao North Vancouver, Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
ll I. '    ll ll ll ll
J. MeGOLIVAHY, Proprietor
60 outside, bright, airy rooms
Two Hocks, from Labor Tsmple and Depot .
Corner Homer Street Vancouver, B. C
' This Official, List Of Allied Printing Offices
BAOLEY * SONS, 161 Halting. Street .'Seymour 816
BLOCHBEROER, r. 8., 310 Broadway Ent Fairmont SOI
BRAND & PERRY, 680 Pander Street, Wut  .Sajmour 3878
BURRARD PUBLISHING CO.,  711  Seymour  Street   Seymour  (SSO
CHINOOK PRINTING CO., 4801 Main Street   Fairmont 1874
CLARKE A STUART, 820 Seymour Street   .'. Seymour 8
COMMERCIAL PRINTING A PUBLISHING CO., ..World Balldinf, Sey. 4886*87
COWAN * BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Temple Balldinf  Seymour 44(0
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO., 487 Dummnlr Street Seymour 1108
EVANS a HABTINGS, Arti and Crafti Bid.., Seymour St Seymour 8660
GRANDVIEW PRINTERS, 1448 Commercial. Highland 741L
JEWELL, M. L., 841 Pender St Seymour 1444
KERSHAW, J. A., 580 Howe St Seymour 8674
LATTA, R P.. 888 Gora Ave * , Seymour 1089
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8851 Main St Fairmont 1088
McLEAN * SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver N. Van. 58
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Robion SM. Seymour 4648
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 801 Pender St Seymour 1038*41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver ....» Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building .Soymonr 0603
PEARCE * HODGSON, 518 Hamilton Street Seymour 3036
ROEDDE, G. A„ 816 Homer Street .Baymour 364
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 617 Cambie St Seymour 6600
TERMINAL CITV PRESS, 2408 Weitmlmter Road ....Fairmont 1140
THOMSON STATIONERY, 826 Halting! W Soymonr 8520
TIMMS, A. H., 230 Fourteenth Ave. E Fairmont 631R
WESTERN PRESS, 338 Cordova W. Seymoar 7666
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 881 Dummnlr St.. Seymour 8536
WHITE » BINDON, 157-169 Cordova St    Seymoar 1115
Write "Union Labal" on Tour Copy whin Ton Sand It to the Printer
Some Questions and Answers Concerning the B. C. Consumers' League
• 1. What is the B. C. Consumers' League ?
The League is aa organization made up of many df the
most representative people of Vancouver and vicinity. Any resident of B. C. may become a member, and the constitution pro-'
vides for sections or branches throughout the Provinoe. There
are no dues or fees.
2. What persons are conducting the League's affairs?
The pretident of the League is Mrs. J. C. Kemp, who for
many years has been a leader in publie service organizations in
this Province; the vice-president is Mrs,. Ralph Smith, who is
also very well known for public-spirited work; the treasurer is
Mr. James Hart, seoretary of the B. C. Manufacturers' Association ; the secretary is Mr. J. Herbert Welch, writer, editor and
publicity specialist. Represented by two members each on the
Board of Directors are the Women's Forum, Local Council of
Women, Kinjg's Daughters, Vancouver District W. C. T. U.,
South Vancouver Women's Forum, Women's Institute of Central Park, Board of Trade, Manufacturers' Association, Industrial Bureau, {Retail Merchants' Association, Retail Grocers' Association.     |
3. What are the objects of the Leaegue?
To encourage B. C. production in industrial, agricultural,
mineral and all other useful lines.
To promote the preferential buying in B. C. first, of the
products of B. C. j second, of Canada; third of the British Empire in general.       ,
To bring ithe producer and consumer more closely together
for purposes j>f mutual benefit.'
To insist upon healthfulness and' purity in foodstuffs, and
the maintenance of high standards in all B. C. products.
To safeguard the interests of B, C. consumers.
To influence consumersr to pay cash, or if not, to pay
bills promptly.
To influence consumers to shop as early as passible, and to
regulate their buying so as to make deliveries as few as possible. <
4. What.is the special need for the League in B. Cf
The huge; sum of $22,000,000 a year, or above $70,000 on
each business day, is being sent out of the Province for agricultural products such as are grown here. Nearly ss much is being sent away for manufactured goods. The immense amount
of money leaving the Province day after day and year after
year is enriching other centres at the heavy expense of British
Columbia.  There is urgent need to stop this.
What practical, patriotic work can the League accomplish!! ',
The League oan arouse the consumers of the Province to
the great importance of keeping in local channels of circulation as much as possible of the money now going out, ahd can
influence thousands of individual consumers to give the preference in their buying to B. C. products, thus bettering the
market for articles made or grown here; stimulating industry
and agriculture, increasing the opportunities for employment,
both for those here and for the soldiers when they return from
their heroic defense of British institutions; and, in general,
bringing about in B. C. a new area of progress and prosperity.
6. What are the League's'chief pla'nsvfor accomplishing
these purposes!
One of th^ plans is to remind all consumers, and keep reminding them,! through the* newspapers, bulletin boards, and
other medium's pf publicity, that they can change hard times to
good times if enough of them will give the preference in their
.buying, price arid quality being equal, to the products of British Columbia. Another plan is to have thousands of consumers
sign cards pledging themselves to give this preference. A
campaign is under way to obtain five thousand signatures
within two months. The aim is ten thousand signatures before
the end of the year.
7* Why is it important for me to sign a pledge card, give
the preference, and induce others to do likewise?
Because the League needs your aid in this big, vital work
for more B. C. production and prosperity, '
League offices: 183 Pender street west (Industrial Bureau
Building).  Telephone Seymour 4242.
Spencer Mattress Vahes Uosarpassed—Aug. Sale Price
Quality for quality, price for price, they bave so superiors in this
vicinity. They .are made in' a sanitary factory and guaranteed to. be
filled with sanitary wood fibre or pure cotton felt. Instances of our
August sale val»»—■
$2.85  for wood fibre mattresses with felt top; all sizes.
mm mm   for wood fibre mattresses, extra heavily topped with cotton
<P<J.li)  felt, in heavy ticking casing; all sizes.
A 4 |ji||  for wood fibre mattresses, heavily felted on both sides, fancy
y4adU sateen ticking cover; all sizes.
COLUMBIA MATTRESSES — Filled With pure cotton felt, band laid
"' in layers, roll edge, closely stitched and tufted, fancy sateen ticking.
All sizes.   Price ,15.90
VICTORIA MATTRESSES — All felt, extra thick.   AB alze W.M,
DE LUXE MATTRESS — This ia the best all felt mattress money can
buy. Hand laid, thoroughly stitched, in heavy fanoy art ticking cover;
L guaranteed'not to mat or become lumpy. Begular 416.00 value. August sale.....   113.00
PERFECTION MATTRESS — A combination of hair and felt—five'layers of felt with interlayers of bait) covered with high grade ticking,
Reg. *22.00 value.  August sal*. $16.50
David Spencer Limited
"Things Cooked aa You Like Them"
110 Cordova Street, Wast, 8 blocks east of O. P. R. Station-
Take home one of our Chicken Loaves—half 70c., whole 11.50.'
Trays delivered to all parte of tbe city at any hoar.   .
OPEN ALL NIGHT. Phone Seymour S316.
B. B. Perry. P. L. Wood
,, 101 Hastings Street East
—as the only all-union hotel of its kind in Vancouver, has been designated'as
The Finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars sold at
buffet, with courteous Union mixologists to serve
JOHN L. SULLIVAN, Proprietor.
Phone: Seymour 3380.
American Plan
18.60 to 13.150 pet Day
European Plan
Boom, fl and $1.80 per Day.
Boon), with Bath, »1.W snd IS per Day
Cor. Seymour and Dunsmuir Sta,        Moat Central Location in Vancouver
Co., Ltd.
EataUMnl 1M8
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
B.C. Whisky
Is a
Ask for %C. Special?


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