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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 25, 1915

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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
DJDUI
tar. IWW
Dec.311lS fH.«
OFFICIAL PAPEB : VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB OOUNOIL AND B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
► POLITICAL UNITY s VICTOBTI
SEVENTH YEAR. No. 39
=f
^VANCOUVER, B; C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER, 25, 1915
(In VeaeoavtrV
Oltj, 11.00 I
$1.50 PER YEAR
TRADES AIM THE TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS CONVENTION IN VANCOOVER
OF
Secretary-Treasurer Draper,
Outlines Its Aims and
Objects
Legislative Policy and His-
torical Survey of
the Congress
[By P. M. Draper.]
THE Trades and Labor congress of
Canada, within the limits of ita
own jurisdiction, is to-day to the
wage-earners of this dominion what the
Trades Union congress is to those of
Oreat Britain and what the American
Federation of Labor Is to those of the
United States. It is readily understood
that tho scope of activities that presents Itself to any one of these larger
organizations is far more extensive and
important than comes within the range
of any mere local body—no matter how
perfeotly equipped it may be. Just as
tho legislative systems here or in the
United States—a dual form—which
gives to each province, or to each state,
as the case may be, its own legislature,
and establishes one grand federal authority that extends its influence over
the entire country, so is it with the
labor movement.
Tha Paramount Pnrpoaa
In different localities trades and labor councils attend to the interests of
those who belong either to such localities or to special brotherhoods, while
this federal Trades and Labor congress,
which embraces the requirements of the
entire country, so far as the working-
man's interests are concerned.
The main and paramount purpose is
the watching over and the directing,
as far as possible, 'he current of legislation, the Inauguration of suoh lav,
or amendments to laws, as will lead to
the betterment of labor conditions, the
careful study of requirements and the
systematic representation of needs before the legislative bodies whose privilege It is to create legislation. The
main object is to secure unity of aetion
in the pursuit of a common aim.
Han Influence
In Oreat Britain and in the United
Statea the organisations just mentioned
have, in their respective countries, attained a degree of influence that has
worked for the betterment of conditions on all aides, and without whieh
wage-earners would have no voice la
the fabrication of the very lawa that
are destined to govern their Uvea. We
seek to emulate the examples given us
both In Oreat Britain and the republic
to the south of us; and In ao doing the
Trades and'Labor congress of Canada
has awakened a new spirit in the land;
it hu built up a certain degree of influence in the councils of the nation; it
hu year after year, impressed the legislatures of the provinces, as well aa the
L federal government of the eountry, with
! the importance of its existence and the
I power wielded by Its activities.
' Wide Expanse
It would be a most interesting study
to follow the progressive increase in
in that Influence since its initial
move and organisation down to the present hour. This, however, is neither
the time tor place for such an anyll-
tlcal study. Suffice to say that, thanks
to the creation of the Tradea and Labor congress and to ita yearly expansion, tho effects of Its endeavors are
being more and more tangibly felt,
both in the halls of legislation and in
the wider circles of workmen'a require*
ments.
In a land like this, so vast in its proportions, so remarkable in ita distances,
. ao scattered in Its population, the educating of the people up to an appreciation of their own needs and of their
own rights aa well as instilling Into the
governing powers a proper estimate of
the importance of the laboring classes,
cannot be other than a matter of slow
and long process—an evolution that
must ba carried on smoothly and with*
out interruption—rather than by spas*
modio leaps and bounds,
Th* Advance of Labor
While this has always confronted
those most advanced in the organised
labor movement In the dominion, yet
the formidable difficulties In the way
have not deterred action, looking towards a remedy, for as far back as (he
year 1873 the Toronto Trades assembly
issued a call for the holding of a convention of representatives of the trades
unions of the country. The appeal
was well responded to throughout Ontario, and on September 23 of that
year, the flrat organised labor congreu
of Canada began its sessions In the
Trades assembly hall at Toronto, there
being forty-three delegates in attendance. These delegates represented
trade organisations of Toronto, Hamilton, Ottawa, St, Catherines, Seaforth,
Bowmanville and Cobourg—all at Toronto.
Meeting ln 1878.
That the ('labor men," who met for
the flrst time In Toronto in 1873, were
fully seised of the needs of the time
Is evidenced by the nature and scope
of the subjects upon which the congress went upon record on that occasion, and among the principal of these
were resolution: in favor of a law
against th. employment of children of
ten yeara of age in factories, mills and
other manufacturing establishments,
where machinery is used; the enactment of an equitable and jest lien law;
arbitration In labor disputes; a Saturday half-holiday; a regular system of
labor organization throughout the Dominion; a(mere stringent apprentice
law; the appeal of the Criminal Law
amendment act; tho abrogation of the
contract ayatem In connection with the
dominion and provincial prisons; a nine-
hour working day; and the creation of
a bureau of lawi and statistics. Beso-
lutlona condemning overtime work and
(Continued on Pag* Vott)  '
HE THIRTY-FIRST ANNUAL CONVENTION of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, which has
just been in session in this city during the past week,
will go down in the history* of the labor movement in
Canada as one of the best conventions of the Congress
which has ever been.   Close upon 200 delegates were
    present, far larger and more representative gathering
.than had been expected. The problems which this sear's gathering
had to cope with, were tbe most perplexing and* unique which
have ever been on the agenda of the annual meetings of Canada's
parliament of labor. That this would be so, was realized long before the convention was called to meet, and the delegates came
fully prepared to take part in the disoussion and decision of questions of more than ordinary gravity. This was reflected in the demeanor of the delegates, and in the serious tone of the debates from
the flrst moment the gathering convened until its final adjournment.
The Federationist would have been pleased had space limitations
permitted it to publish the proceedings, ineluding the debates, in
full. That not being possible, we are confined to the scope of a
"news story." Many of the resolutions of secondary importance
gave rise to debate of the most interesting character, but they must
of necessity give place to those involving the greater questions of
general policy, and those whioh, by reason of the unique conditions
prevailing today, are placed in the front rank of the most interesting and momentous questions which the convention had to deal with.
MONDAY MOBNINO
The thirty-first annual convention
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, commenced its sessions in the
Labor Temple, Vancouver, last Monday
morning, at 10:30.
J. H. McVety, president of the Trades
and Labor Council, on behalf of the
local trade unionists, welcomed the assembled* delegates. In the course of a
brief apeech, he said the size of the
gathering was very much larger than
the most optimistic had expected it
would be, in face of the conditions of
depression which prevail all over Can*
ada. He referred to the very grave situation which the war had given rise to
in Canada and throughout the British
possessions) Many of the most cherish*
ed ideals of the working class all over
the world had been seriously interfered
with, if not actually shattered, and he
looked to the Congress to play an important part in future work of restoring
the international relations of tho working class to a sounder basis.
Notable Visitors' Addresses.
On the platform at the opening were;
Mr. J. H. McVety, Hon, T. W. Crothers,
minister of labor; Hon. W. J. Bowser,
attorney-general of British Columbia;
Mayor Taylor, of Vancouver, Alex,
Watchman, president B. C. Federation
of Labor; H. J, Conway; fraternal dele*
gate from American Federation of La*
bor; Andrew Furuseth, iecretary of the
Paelfle Coast Sailors' union, besides
President Watters, Vice-president Fred
Bancroft and Secretary-Treasurer P. M.
Draper, the executive counoil of the
Congress.
President Watchman, oh behalf of the
trade unionists of British Columbia, extended greetings to tha delegates. Be*
minding them of the exceptionally grave
matter* with which they had,to deal,
he urged them to weigh well all their
actions, with the one view in mind of
serving.the interest! of the claas they
had come there to represent.
Mayor Taylor welcomed tho convention on behalf of the elty. He trusted
the delegates would take advantage of
their visit to Vancouver to enjoy its
attractions, and that the outcome of
their deliberations would be profitable
to the workers and the community in
general. Ho felt it an honor to be
mayor at thia time, and having been
elected twice to that office this year,
he considered he eould fairly claim to
represent the citizens. In a brief
speech. he eunmerated many political
views which he believed would} if put
into practice, be to the benefit of the
working class: He was convinced, because he had taken paina to inform
himself, that tho work of the Congress
was constructive and not destructive.
Hon. W. J. Bowser said that as one
of the representatives of Vancouver in
the British Columbia parliament, and* a
minister of the crown, he welcomed the
Congress. After referring to the work
which the convention had before it, he
said the government wu desirous of
passing into law a new Workmen's
Compensation Act, which would1 be one
of the best of ita kind. Before that
wu done, however, the government in*
tended to appoint a commission consist*
ing of one representative of the govern
ment, one of the employers, and one of
tho working class. The work of that
body would be to visit tho chief cities
of the United States, and of the Province of Ontario, gathering information
as to the working of compensation acts
in those places, and which could be used
for tho guidance of the government. He
suggested that the working class repre*
sentative should be selected by the Con*
gross. If that course was followed, the
government would be glad to accept the
nominee of tho convention, providing
only that he wu a British Columbia
man. The commission would commence
its labors October 1st next.
Hon, T. W. Crothers said he wu glad
to add his expressions of congratulation
to those of the previous speakers. He
dealt at some length with the war ln
Europe, and the necessity, ln his opinion, of the working claas giving every
assistance to the government In the
task of carrying the struggle to a successful issue.
H. J. Conway and Andrew Furuseth
both voiced their pleasure at being present, and said that later on they would
be glad to speak to the delegates.
President J. 0. Watters then took
charge of the convention. He thanked
the various speakers for their attendance and expressions of welcome, and
exhorted (he delegate! to bring their
beat judgment and reuonlng powers to
bear upon the many important questions which were to come before them.
Th* AccradlMd D*legatei.
The repo.'t of the credentials committee wu then presented and, with supplementary reports, It was shown that
there were altogether 179 delegates fully
accredited. Of this number, one wu
the fraternal delegate from the American Federation of Labor, one from the
B. 0. Federation of Labor, twenty-five
representing directly international
unions, sixteen from Trades and Labor
councils, and UK from local unions of
the international unions in Canada.
Bx*nttv» Council Beport.
Following immediately on the receiving of the credentials, Secretary-Treuurer P, M. Draper read the report of
the Executive Council of the Congress.
This naturally wu a very lengthy docu
ment, which owing to limitations ' of
space, cannot be reproduced in full.
Summarized it wu as follows:
The war cannot be stopped until con*
stitutional freedom and democracy triumph over military autocracy.
Under existing conditions labor must
lend overy assistance to Britain and her
Allies in a mighty effort to secure early
and final victory. We endorse the plan
of the American Federation of Labor to
hold an international congress at a time
and place to be fixed upon by diplomat*
to secure peace terms.
Conscription Opposed.
Conscription wu opposed by the executive as antagonistic to labor Interests and at variance with the fundamental principles of constitutional freedom. Tho help of labor must be free,
not forced. It must be dictated by
duty, not by coercion. To bring about
conscription in Canada an entire and
radical change in.the constitution would
be necessary, otherwise .the freedom of
self-government would be effaced. Conscription once admitted and put into
practice under the excuse of war pressure would be made permanent afterwards. For these and other reasons the
Congress wu recommended to register
its unchangeable opposition to all that
savors of conscription either in Canada
or elsewhere within the Empire.
Oomponiatton and Alleni.
The executive committees of eaeh province were urged to make a special effort to secure workmen's compensation
cats, based on principles similar to the
Ontario act, and (o contain provisions
for the placing of medical expenses of
Injured workmen on a state insurance
fund derived from assessments on the
various industries or in the cue of in*
dividual liability on the employer direct. Attention was called to the widespread unemployment throughout the
country. A special committee waa advised and appointed to get the views of
delegatea from each province and to
outline a policy from a national, provincial and municipal standpoint. At (he
close of hostilities the excutlve anticipates that many thousands of workmon
will be released from war or war work.
Many new immigrants are expected to
come from Britain with a consequent
grave problem of unemployment further aggravated by the release of interned aliens. On this point the report
adds:
"It will require the exercise of the
greatest care on the part of the directing force of government to prevent social chaos." It wu recommended that
this whole question should be considered by a special committeo in conjunction with immigration and the attitude
of labor to the releue of interned
aliens.
Unemployment and Pension!.
The report also advised that an effort
be concentrated on the securing of old
age pensions and pensions for widowed
mothers with children. Special attention was called to the report of the Ontario commission on unemployment and
municipal employment bureaus. The
opinion wu presented that municipal
control of free registration bureaus ia
best and it is probable that this commission 's report will influence the other
provinces in whatever action they take.
It was the declared that a most important duty of the state arising from the
war was the provision for care of widows and children of soldiers and tho
care of disabled soldiers. The pension
system of the Dominion Government
was wu described as pitifully inadequate so far as the rank and file is concerned. A better system was urged on
the government to be administered by
a national pensions board.
Munition Workon' Wag*.
Protest had already been made to the
British government at the low rote of
wages to munition workers in Canada.
Mr. Arthur Henderson a mombcr of the
British eablnet, replied that the financial seoretary of tho war offlce would
try to have a fair-wage clnuse Inserted
ln contracts aent to Canada. Congress
was urged to continue making representations to the government for tho establishment of a federal system for
technical education. The committee
pointed out the necessity of competing
with tbe efficiency of German workmen
to enable Canada to develop industrially.
The report wu referred to the committee on Officers' Beports, which along
with other committees was appointed at
this session.
a lobbyist to -urge, the passing of a
workmen's compensation act on. the
lines of the Ontario and Nova Scotia
acts, by the New Brunswick Legislature. The request was turned down.
In supporting that, course Secretary
Draper said the time was coming when,
after four or five years' test, It might
be wise to consider the work of the
provincial federations, also their utility
and necessity.
An Executive Breete.
The first proposition involving prolonged debate was from Moncton
Trades and Labor Council, to the effect
that the Dominion government should
pus a workmen'a compensation act to
protect government railway employees.
It was stated that these workers were
not included in the provisions of the
compensation acts of the various provinces, nor were any other government
employees. The committee opposed the
resolution on the ground that it be-
lieved better results could be achieved
through the Provincial Legislatures
than the Federal parliament. The debate was marked by a noticeable difference of opinion between President Watters and Vice-President Bancroft, the
latter supporting the committee. President Watters produced letters from
eminent legal authorities, including the
minister of justice, saying that the class
of workmen referred to wero not included in the jurisdiction of a provincial compensation act. Finally it was
felt that more information was desirable. This the incoming Executive
Council was instructed to get, and proceed to such steps as were necessary to
proteot the rallwaymen.
MONDAY AFTEBNOON SESSION
With the opening of the session,
Chairman B. A, Bigg, of the resolutions
committee, commenced his report on the
67 resolutions which up to that time had
been handed in.
It was agreed that no section on a
main line railway ihould be more than
six miles in length, with one section
man to every mile ln lummer, and two
ln winter, not including the foreman;
also that no aeetlon should be more
than seven miles In length on any
branch line of railway, with foreman,
and one man to the mile, in summer,
and foreman, and three in winter; government ownership of all railways in
Canada wu endorsed.
Oooki and Carpenters,
A working week of not more than six
days for employees in the restaurant
business will be made the subject of
requested legislation from the Federal
government.
Carpenters in tho Eut want to have
the fair wage clause in government
contracts strengthened so as to provide
that the established union rates in a
district shall be recognized u "fair"
rates.  Their request will be supported.
Ouelph Complains of Alieni.
Ouelph Trades and Labor Council alleged' that certain alien enemies had
been interned, and afterwards released
by the authorities On the understanding that they went to work for the
International Malleable Iron Company.
It was stated this had resulted in the
discharge of British workers who wero
paid'better wages than the aliens. An
amendment to the order in council of
August 15,1914, wu requested in order
that all unnaturalised workmen from
enemy countries could be interned. The
request was turned down by the Congress on the recommendation of the
committee on the ground that it might
result in unnecessary distress to members of some of the International unions.
The convention endorsed the proposal
that all government servants ahould receive their appointments after a civil
service examination and not u a mat*
ter of political patronage.
Manitoba and Quebec have no system
of compulsory education. The provincial executives of the Congress were instructed to work for the abolition of
that condition in the provinces men*
tioned. A further proposal to tako a
census of Illiterates in the Dominion
was not endorsed.
Compulsory payment of wages at
least bi-monthly by all employers In
Sault Ste. Marie will be sought by legislation. In the same locality stricter
enforcement of the Lord's Day aet wu
stated to be necessary as many Arms
work their employees seven dayi per
week.
Half-hoKday for,Poital Employees.
The postmaster-general will be urged
by the Congress to grant the Saturday
half-holiday to certain grades of postal
employees coming under the head of
letter carriers, who have not yet been
included in that privilege.
The Dominion government will be requested to pass laws providing for
the greater safety of trackmen and repairers working In railway y,ards and
sidlnga.
Prince Albert Tradei and Labor
council wants the National Inaurance
act of Britain duplicated in Canada.
The new executive council of the Congress was instructed to go into the
merits of the British act carefully and
report Its findings and recommendations
to next year'i convention.
So Not Want "lemon."
Transcona machinists do not want an
amended Industrial Disputes act, according to a resolution presented by
them, and which was referred to the
special committee appointed to go into
the proposed1 amendments to the Industrial Disputes Investigation Mt.
To Protect Worktn' Homos.
A moratorium covering payment of
principal on real estate purchues,
sought by Montreal Trades nnd Labor
council, came in for criticism. It was
pointed out that a blanket moratorium
would enable big speculators to take
advantage of it to keep their holdings
until later, and sell at boom prices after
the depression. It was finally decided
to seek a moratorium covering the principal payments on the homes of workingmen.
Th* Evening "Oct Together."
In the evening a largo'gathering of
the delegates with their wives and
friends was held in the big hall of the
Labor Templo, for the purpose of social
enjoyment, and to enable everybody to
become better acquainted' with everybody else. Music ny a seven-piece
union orchestra, songs, dancing and refreshments, all combined to make the
affair a great success, and to give satisfaction to guests and their hosts the
Trades and Labor council.
TUESDAY MOBNINO SESSION
At the commencement of Tuesday
morning's session a number of resolutions were banded In dealing with a
variety of subjects. One from the coal
miners of Cumberland, Vancouver la
land, stated that 80 per eent, of the des
titutlon among British subjects in that
district would be don* away with if
Premier McBride, as minister of mines,
would cause the provisions of the Cosl
Mines Begulation Act, which deal with
Orientals, to be applied. Th* resolution
set forth that many of these Orientals
were not qualified under the act, and
if tested, would be fouad inefficient,
I
The Desire for Cheapness
Banishes  the  Sham
Chivalry of Men
Women Helpless Economically Need Political Power for Protection
A. WATCHMAN
President of the British Colniuliln Federation nf lienor! who wss oelcted vice-president of
tbe executive council of the Trades and Labor Coni*r'*ss, yesterday afternoon. .
Comox district, as to the number of
Orientals employed there waa described
u misleading. It stated that 800 Orientals were engaged in or around those
mines. Comox was described as'"the
only place oa the British Empire Where
Asiatics are employed underground."
Andrew FuruMth Speaks.
Andrew Furuseth, secretary of the
Sailors' union of the Paelfle, was then
called upon, and made an eloquent and
inspiring address, the theme of which
was that unless better lawa are devised
for the protection of white seamen they
will continue to leave the sea. He prophesied that unless Britain awakened to
that fact sea power would paas from
her and with ita passing would vanish
her paramount place in the maritime
nations of the world. The address was
made in support of a vigorous resolution dealing with the question and submitted by Delegate Burns of the local
branch of the Sailors' union.
The apeech of Secretary. Furuseth
made a profound impreaeion, and
brought forth an ovation at ita close,
when he said, "I come to you to say,
we are blood of your blood and bone of
your bone. I apepal to you as men and
women of Canada and the British Empire to bring to the attention of your
government our claim that the seaman
shall be free and that tho slavery of the
sea ahall cease." The resolution wu
adopted by a unanimous standing vote
of the delegates.
Ministers Bequest Staling,
The Ministerial Association, in a let*
ter to the Congress, sent fraternal
greetings with the request that representatives of that organization be given
an opportunity to address the convention, That request was eventually
acceded to on the motion of Sec*
votary 'Draper; not however, bofore a very lharp debate,
which at times approached the acrimonious, had taken piece. The time set
to hear, the ministers wu Wednesday at
3 o'clock.
At 12 o'clock the convention adjourned until 9:30 Wednesday morning. In
the afternoon the delegates were taken
on a boat trip up the North Arm of
Burrard Inlet, to the Wigwam Inn,
where an excellent lunch wu served,
The return trip wu made In the moonlight.
dal, F. McKenna, D. Bees, J. Gibbons,
A. Bunting nnd 0. J. Kelly.
Delegate Peebles of Edmonton Intro*
duced a resolution with the object of
abolishing the Alberta provincial Federation of Labor.
WEDNESDAY MOBNINO
At this session Secrotary-Treaauror
Draper presented his report for the past
year. This showed that the total -nan
cial assets of the Congress amounted to
^12,014.18. Of this sum (10,000 is hold
as reserve fund in the Boyal Bank of
Canada at Ottawa, and (2,014.18 is on
current account. Tho total membership
afflliated with the Congress on Septem
ber 1 this year was 71,419, a decrease
since last year of 8075.
On this point Secretary Draper said
thnt official returns proved that the
majority of tho 8875 represented pnrt of
the large numbor of trnde unionists
who had enlisted.
Federal Lahor Unions.
He again emphasised that tho Con-
gross was., a legislative body and did
not encourage the granting of charters
to federal or composite labor unions.
In some cases such organizntions did
not like to pay the slightly higher dues
which tho American Federation of Labor required by reason of the fact that
it paid strike benefits. The yearly per
capita tax required by the Congress
from such bodies was only 36 cents, out
of which strike benefits could not be
paid. He did not encourage the affiliation with the Congress of such organizations. "Cheap John" motives in the
labor movement did not produce satisfactory results.
From British Congress.
A cablegram was received from the
British Trades Union Congress. It contained the fraternal greeting! of that
body and regretted that a representative had not been sent from Britain
to this year's Congress, and further
stating that a fraternal delegate had
been selected who would attend the
next convention of the Congress.
N*w Dliputei Aet
Hon. T. W. Crothers, minister of labor, li introducing new legislation In
the form of a draft bill to be known
as the Industrial Disputes Aet. A
special committee was appointed to
carefully examine Ihe clause! of the
Wax Contract Wagu.
A resolution by J. W. Bruce of Toronto called attention to the conditions
and wages prevailing in Canadian munition factories. Backed np by affidavits and other evidence, Delegate Bruce
made out a very strong ease, as alao
did many other speakers who followed
him. In the clothing and boot factories,
where soldiers' equipment is being
made, the conditions were described u
a disgrace, and several delegate! ex-'
pressed the opinion that Canadian manufacturer! were exploiting the preient
national crisis to give them extortionate profits. It wu proposed that a
special representative of the Congress
be sent to Oreat Britain to bring Canadian conditions to the attention of Mr.
Lloyd Oeorge with tht assistance of the
British Trades Congreu. Delegate E.
O'Dell, of the Boot and Shoe Workers,
cited many cases of factories in the
east where wages had been reduced
even though the firms involved hu just
received large army contracts. One
concern had tried to reduce the wages
of shoemakers 20 per cent. Owing to
union aetion this wu prevented, but on
pay day employees received their wagea
in envelopes bearing a printed protest
against the amount of the contents.
Thl Fraternal Delegate.
At 10:30 o'clock the debate on thla
Bubject was adjourned ln order that H.
J. Conway, fraternal delegate from the
American Federation of Labor, might
address the eonvention. He said that
the most impressive feature of the Con*
gross to him was the loyalty and seriousness of the delegates. There did
not seem In the Congress to be any
personal feeling between delegates,
even though they differed radically on
matters of policy. This,-in his opinion,
argued well for the future of labor in
Canada. He had watched with the
closest interest the legislative proposals
of the convention. Beferring to the history of union labor In the United States
he mentioned especially tho fight the
unions had had with the C. M. Post
Cereal Company of Battle Creek, Michigan, the Buck Stove A Bang. Company,
and the Danbury Hatters'ease. Out of
those struggles the American Federation of Labor had, he believed, in a
general sense, eimrgpd with success. It
had demonstrated that it wu not formed to hound any man or business, but to
raise the common standard of living
of the masses of America. He denounced the conditions prevailing in the
great stores of Chicago, especially in
regard to the rate of wages paid to
women, in. spoke In scathing terms o'
the conditions in Boston mid *B ilTiilu as
revenlcd ty tbe women's nrgnniznflr-ns
of tboae cities in their investigations.
Future of FederiUos. ,,  „,.„„„, „„,..„ „„ „„,.„„ .„,„. ..,   „„    -  	
The New Bruniwlek Federation of thus making way for white miners. The proposed   legislation.    The  eommlttee
Labor wanted the Congress to finance 'report of the minister of mines on theIconsisted of J. H. McVety, F. W. Flos*
[By A. L. 8.]
To speak of woman's economic status,
ns a thing apart, is to get a wrong impression of tho real problems that confront us.
The real question in the title il on*
that concerns man u intimately u it
docs woman from the normal standpoint'.
Both So** Involved
Man alone is an incomplete being,
incapable of continuity u an individual or u a race. The aame ia tm* of
woman, and to mak* th* quution fit
the Ideal, or really normal condition
for which men and women ua by na-'.
ture fitted, it would be brtter to lay
that the economic status of men ud
women are different phase* of th*
same phenomenon.
Womtn In lnduitry
For instanoe, women are to-day driven out of the home and Into the factory
and the mill. Out of th* farm houo
and into the tenanta hovel and into th*
fields. The economic stress that urge*
thli tragic migration of millions, it not
a natural or permanent urge, bnt an
artificial one. That ia to uy, made by
the evolution of the whole rue, and
therefore thli will pass, u all othtr
human institutions and aU artificial alterations pus, u tha rae* riiei in tht
icale of capulty to guide it* own dee-
tiny. At |t begin* to undentand th*
nature of th* product of loclety u a
whole. '
But  nothing ean  be  *ver  gained
through duwuniou   ef   tha woman'*
economic status, except to interest tht
women   themselves in tk* matter   of
their own condition, and atir their interut by pictures of th* poaaibilittu
(of themselves and their ehitdtu, in'
eontrut to the preunt sordid reality.
PoUtlcal Equality WttfM
Women to hold their own on the oeo- -
nomio field must learn to demand their
rights in the law making power of tho
atate.   The men who havo denied their
wives the right to participate in the
economic responsibility, and have treated thom most like   play   things   or
slaves, are the onea who have suffered
u a rule the most serious loss through
the loss of a finer Intuition and judgment than they themselves pouesaed.
The fact ia tbat the man and the woman in real comradeship, have usually
a fir better balanced personality than
either of them alone, if they bnt each
understand the fact, sufficiently to permit them to practice a little family democracy, *•
Th* Struggle for Bind
The economic status of woman hu
degraded her, and has kept back the
progress of the race immeasurably,
through (he false viewpoint from which
ihe hu thua been led to look upon life's
problem!. Trained to dependency while
the logic of event* were steadily forcing
millions of them to Independence
through economic necessity, they were
thrust out of the homes and on to tht
streets and into the mills and factories,
ignorant moat of the time of the mott
elementary rules of our industrial warfare, thus becoming not only perverted
forms of the other half of humanity,
but the most terrible competitor of the
man ln the labor marts.
WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON
President J. C. Wntters was unable
to preside at this session on account of
n severe nttnek of tonsllitis. The gen.
oral regret of tho delegates was expressed by Vice-President Fred Bancroft in temporarily assuming the chairmanship.
Contracts Debate Bammed.
The debate was resumed on the pro*
posnl to send a special representative
to Britain ln an effort to have the British governmont place and enforce fnir
wage clauses in all contracts for wnr
supplies placed in Canada. Delegate
Simpson of Toronto said the matter
would be best left in the hands of the
executive couneil of the Congress in
order that the viewB of the eonvention
could be brought bofore tho Dominion
government first and failing satisfaction further action could be decided
upon. During the course of the debate
ono delegate said that in the last analysis and if all other means of redress
failed, ihe Congress could do no other
than advise a strike of workers engaged
on war contracts where fair wages were
not being paid.
Draper Defines Oengrm.
This brought 8eeretiry*Treaiurer
Draper to his feet in fighting form. He
said the Trades Congres of Canada wu
it legislative body, and had no power to
call or advise strikes. That was a matter for tho international unions, and he
warned tho delegate that statement!
(Continued on page 2)
COMMISSION   APPOINTED
Compensation Probers WIU Commence
Work Monday, Oet 4.
Tbe commission appointed by the
provincial government to visit various
States and cities in the United States
and Eastorn Canada to gather information about the working of compensation
acts for tbe guidance of the government
wlU commence its labors on Monday,
October 4. Tho commission consists of
J. H. McVety, representing the trnde
uuionB, and selected by the Trades nnd
Labor Congress of Canada at Its convention in Vnncouver last week; Mr. Robertson, of the firm of Robertson A Hackett, representing tho employers, and
Mr. A. V. Pineo, departmental solicitor
in tbe attorney-general's offlee, representing the government.
Coming For Mintri.
Thomu Richardson, member of the
British parliament, will arrive in Vancouver Monday, Sept. 27th. He la
coming on behalf of the British government to engage miners to go to work
in the mines of Cumberland, Mr,
Blchardson is a minor himself and member for Whitehaven, where tho mine
workings go so for under the sea.
Delegates Btturnlng.
Most of the delegates to the convention will start for their respective
homes tomorrow or Monday. Some of
the eastern delegates will visit Sa*
Francisco before returning.
,L_ PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
8ATUBDAY.... SEPTEMBEB 25, J916
INCORPORATED 1885
THE
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A general banking business trans-
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rf Canad
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INCORPORATED
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AlMtl $61,000,000
Deposits 145,000,000
Joint Savings
Accounts
A joint savings account may be
Opened at The Baak of Toronto in
y the names of two or more persons.
In these accounts either party
may sign cheques or depoBit
money. For the different members of a famUy or a trm a joint
account is often a (treat convenience. Interest is paid on balances.
PaM-up Capital.. .. ..85,000,000
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ot leut five oeree. .
For farther information apply to
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SBOSBXABT, BUBBAT7 0?
PBOVINOIAL INFORMATION,
VIOTOBIA, B.O.
Ladytmlth, B. G„ Sopt. 14, 1916.
Mr. A. L. Creech,
Mgr. Telephone Co., Ltd..
Ladynmith, B. 0.
Dear Sir,—Your bill for use of tele*
fhone for last month came to hand.
may say although bills aro rather
unwelcome visitors these hard timet)
[ tbe telephone bill ts an eiception to
that rule. We hnd very good reason
to appreciate having the telephone In
the house, for daring the terrific bush
flret which raged around ut, we surely
would have loat all our buildings bad
we not been able, with the use of tbe
' telephone, to get help from many mllea
distant,
In .that connection we very much
appreciate your promptness In repair
ing the wlret which were disconnected
by burning trees falling aorots thom.
At the wlret we>e -orokeo down Saturday night, we dla not expect them repaired until Monday, but were agreeably surprised to flnd our 'phone
working agaln< early on Sunday.
For thla please accept our sincere
thanks.    Yours alncerely,
A. 8. fcHRIBTlE.
HAVS    YOU    A   TELEPHONE    IN
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•*-*%■:"
'Unity ef Labor: tbe Hope of the World.'
SATURDAY....SEPTEMBEB 25, 1?1<*.
THE CONVENTION of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada,
whloh haa been In session here
during  the  past   week,  has  without
doubt been one of the best held by
that   body,   despite
tha  pessimists  and
TBADEL. «-**»'   wko- had
OONOBEM prooheslea that tha
CONVENTION.     'J^   ^tioB
throughout the Dominion foredoomed the gathering to be
a failure and a disappointment.
• *      *      *
Jur. why anyone capable of giving
the subject any really lerioue consideration should Jiave expected the gathering to be a failure, is not quitei clear,
in the flee of the unusually serious problems which are today confronting the
workers in all parts of the eountry.
With unemployment rampant from one
end of the Dominion to the other, with
the war on top of that, and the hundred
and one special, problems which have
arisen out of it, what was more natural
than that the organized labor movement
should make special effort to gather to
take counsel and thought for the morrow!
a a a a
Some of the matters dealt with will
attract widespread Interest, not only
among those who ordinarily, take close
interest in the doings of organized labor, but also among the public in general of this country, the United States
and Great Britain. Bight in the forefront of these will undoubtedly be the
action of the Congress in regard to the
war in Europe. Some will be surprised,
some disappointed, while others will be
frankly delighted. Each in his own
way can take it as it seems best to him.
But no one can deny that the decision
was very emphatically that of the big
majority of the convention. -
•       *       •  *    • .
Of those evils which offer some
chance of being alleviated, the conditions prevailing in the factories' and
shops where war materials are being
manufactured, would seem to be the
first. In the east, where this work is
chiefly being done, population is denser,
and the immigrants from countries with
a lower standard of living that' the west
expect., are more numerous. The profiteering patriots have not been slow to
take advantage of that' to f eathei their
nests. They want to have their heel on
the neck of the workers while they dive
both hands up to their elbows in the
public treasury.
..*   ,#.' ,».•*'_■.''
The sweating, and the wage catting,
and* others of the more ruthless forms
of exploitation which are going on, can
and should be. eurbe'd by the government. The excutive council of the CongresB will go back to Ottawa with some
very definite instructions, backed up by
evidenoe which should brook no denial
or delay. Meeting with either, they are
vested with thie widest- discretionary
powers to carry the wishes of the Congress into effect. The results of their
representations to the government
should be closely watched by the labor
unions from one end of the country to
the other, and agitation kept going until satisfaction is obtained. -
a       a       a       a
The proposed amendments to the Industrial Disputes Investigation act will
also require the closest vigilance from
trade unionists unless they wish to see
the new Industrial Disputes bill puss into
law in such shape as will constitute a
burden on workors in public utility employment. The explanations mnde by
the minister of labor to the convention,
were very„far from being satisfactory
or reassuring to the majority of the
delegates, and the utmost caution will
be necessary on tho part of the executive council of the Congress.
• *     *     «   «
That Is but one of the things the convention proved. Another wns, that it
was a real Convention. Vancouver made
good- on its promises of past years, and
although it may be Bevoral more before
it sees anothor meeting of the Congress,
the memory of this one will not be in
tho limbo of things forgotten by that
time.
Et tu Jimmy!   Oh, this war!
Jimmy Simpson got the iron cross.
Several we could mention got the double
cross.
Several of the delegates had a cold
in tbe head, but we did not notioo any*
thing the matter with tbeir feet.
Prohibition and parsons play the very
devil with things when It looks as
though adjournment is close at hand.
Ono of the most noticeable things
nbout conventions is the number of
charming lady friends labor men dig up,
Paddy got his paddy out on Saturday
afternoon,    It was  one  of the best
'' turns'' in the convention.   Everybody
was delighted—except' Paddy.
Delegate Pettipiece, chairman of the
entertainment committee, Would havo
been kidnapped if Bome of the fair visitors could have had their way.
A delegate complained that one newspaper did not roport him correctly. That
is a misfortune, which most groat ora-,
tors meet with some time or other.
The first time delegates got furiously
busy with their pencils the first day,
und it looked as though there would not
be enough scribbling pads in town to
last—but there were plenty left at the
end.
The meanest thing the "mean ways
committee" could have done at that
late stage of the convention, was to
spring a recommendation in which prohibition was mixed up with other questions.
The service which the Social Service
Council renders to the organized'labor
movement, will not be materially reduced by the withdrawal of the affiliation of the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada.
Whatever else the labor movement
might think about Delegate MoVety, it
is universally admitted among thoso
who know the attention and study he
has given to the subject, that' it would
have been a hard job to select a more
suitable man for that commission.
President Watters and Vice-President
Watchman, of the Trados: end Labor
Congress of Canada, are past and present presidents respectively* of .the B. C.
Federation of Labor. Not bo bad for
what Delegate Stoney of New .Westminster described in the convention as "a
discredited organization."
Secretary Draper described the provincial federations of labor as "resolution factories.'' We speak as those less
wise, but we feel that after fifteen
years us secretary of the CongreBS,
Brother Draper should be able to recognize a resolution factory when he sees
It.
From what Attorney-General Bowser
Baid about the intention of the government to pass the proposed Workmen's
Compensation act, it looks very much
as though there is to be another session
of the provincial legislature for that,
purpose. In that case no election is
likely before about next March at least.
From the standpoint of diction and
subject matter, the address of Andrew
Furuseth was a classic. We regret
space dQes not permit us to publish it in
full, lt was the most striking speech
which has boen delivered from the'platform of the Congress in many years. No
wonder evon the "hard shells" of the
A. F. of L. conventions respect Andy;
lie Ub so much bigger than then, that
they must feel instinctively they have
no alternative.
Convention of Trades and
Labor Congress
(Continued-from page 1)
which might give the idea that the Congress could call strikes' were erroneous
Ond.very misleading. On the question
being put to the convention, it was decided that the executive counoil be
given entire discretion to act as seemed
best to them. A standing vote was
taken, resulting in 128 in favor and 5
against.
At this stage of the. proceedings a
deputation from the Ministerial association, consisting of Bev. A. E. Cooke and
Bev. G. Welsh, addressed briefly the
convention, extending fraternal greetings nnd good wishes.
The resolution of the Montreal delegates setting forth that a "considerable
amount of war supplies, such, as boots'
and shoes, were" manufactured under
contract in the reformatory school at
Montreal, thus depriving law-abiding
citizens from -earning, a livelihood,"
was handed over to the executive council to protest this action to the Dominion government.
Alborta Non-Suited.
Alberta Federation of Labor wanted
the convention to have the Dominion
Trades Congress take up the work of
organizing provincial Federations of
Labor in the other provinces of the
Dominion to the end that when so or-*
ganized the Dominion legislative execu-.
tivo, at present represented by the
Trades Congress executive, shall be
changed to be the chief executive of
provincial executives, and that subordinate legislative bodies within each province, such as trades and labor councils,
shall bo chartered from their respective
provincial federations.
This was non-concurred in on the recommendation of the resolutions committee; as also was another proposal
from tho same body to the effect that
the Congress donate at least $200 per
year to each of the existing provincial
federations of labor.
A resolution from the Stage Employees of Vancouver providing for Increased safety appliances and better
sanitation in theatres, was referred to
the executive council, to be presented
to the legislature.
WEDNESDAY NIGHT
This session lasted four hours, from
7:30 to 11:30, nnd was entirely taken
up with that part of the report of the
executive council which doalt with the
attitude of the Congress to the war. '
Chairman A. Watchman of the officers' reports committee nhnounced that,
the  committee  recommended  that  the
convention adopt that part of the executive council report whieh dealt with
the war, and which reads as follows:
Under existing,conditions it.!ba-
comes the duty of the labor world  .
to lend every assistance possible to *
the nllies of Great Britain and, for
us in  Canada)'more especially'tos
tho Empire  of which we forrti.O
part, in a mighty endeavor td secure early and final victory for thp
catiHB of freedorii and democracy. ''
It was also advised that the Congress
keep in close touch with the British
Trades Congress! with trade union or
ganizations in the British colonies and
with the American Federation of Labor, with a, view t,o the formation of a
federation of nations at the close of
the war; also that the Congress reaflrm
its former declaration that war, as a.
means'of settling international disputes,
is inimical to the interests of the working class.
Delegate .Bees Opens Fire.
Delegate Beer of Fernie, representing
the miners, opened the debate in opposition' to the report. He realized the
gravity of a man's position who spoke
against the workers of this country engaging in the war, and realized that he
might be tertned treasonable and" a pro-
German. But he was not a pro-German,
and did not wish to bo looked upon as
one. He waB an international trade
unionist, and as such he could not see
his way cloar to support the report.
Whore he came from some of the Brit-
iBh'miners had requested the internment
of German and Austrian miners although they wero members of the same
union. The aliens were now heard to
Bay that when they regained their liberty they would nb longer have any use
for the union. He considered this was
tho result of those who made the request forgetting their internationalism.
In his opinion the war was no concern
of the working class, but was duo to
capitalists desiring to extend their opportunities for profit-making.   .
Vancouver iBland Solid.
Delegate Naylor, a miner from Cumberland, Vancouver Island, said that
trade unionists had denounced war in
time of pence, and should be consistent
now that war was on. As a Vancouver'
Island miner he had been walked between the fixed bayonets of the militia,
and his experience had convinced him
that labor in all countries should be opposed to militarism. If a man wanted
to join the colors of his own free will
the trado unions should not try to stop
him. He considered all delegates who
supported the report should be in uniform.
Delegate Wells of Victoria also opposed the report. Congress had talked
against war in the abstract in the past.
Now it was going the opposite way. He
believed the executive council had made
a "bad break," which would do great
harm to trade unionism in America.
Such expressions as were contained in
the report should not be made on behalf of the trade union movement unless those who made and adopted them
were prepared to take up arms.
Delegate Foster of Nanaimo considered the excutlve council had* fallen away
from the international ideal. The words
'' every assistance'' in his opinion meant
get into uniform. Employers were urging workmen to enlist, while they were
taking advantage of the war to exploit
the workers, and every political wirepuller seemed to be trying to work some
kind of graft in connection with war
contracts-
Delegate Simmonds of Victoria opposed the recommendation. He had
seen the militia In action in Nanaimo
ngainst the miners, he Baid.
Delegate MoCutcheon, Winnipeg, said
wars were caused by capitalists, and it
seemd to Him that the excutive council
Bhould be added to those included under
that definition. Thoy bl&ined the German workers for responding to the call
of the kaiser. Now they wanted British workmen to behave in a similar way.
Toronto Changes the Tune.
Delegate Gibbons, Toronto, supported
the report. He believed that everything that British diplomacy and
statesmanship conld do to prevent the
conflict had been done. The* principle
of trade unionism was to protect the
weak, and Germany, by its treatment
of Belgium, had violated that principle.
The pride and ambition of the kaiser
and his advisers were responsible, and
Britain could not afford to lie down
and be crushed aB Belgium had been.
He did not wish to see German or Austrian workmen in Canada harmed or interfered with so long as they were
peaceable. He was opposed to war as
ever, but, he believed this was a struggle for national existence ih which it
would be better for the German work-
ing'class. if that country were defeated.
1 Delegate Welsh, Vancouver, supported the commltte.
Delegate Guthrie, Ladysmith, said
that after his experiences during the
Vancouver Island strike he oould not
support the report, and' knew that if
he went back to his union without saying so they would kick him out. While
Chinamen were at work-in their hundreds in the mines and white men'were
unemployed, he could not see that democracy had much place. '
Delegate Mansell, Vancouver, favored
the report. "
Delegate Peebles; Edmonton, said he
had enlisted at sixteen and had served
twelve years and got four medals. On
the subject of war atrocities he said
that a man in nctlve Service was the
creature of his environment. He op-
posed the report very emphatically on
the grounds that it was in opposition to
the international spirit of trade unionism.
Draper on War Path.
Secretary-Treasurer Draper made an
impassioned speech in defence, of the
recommendation of the executive "council. He said the facts had to be faced
ns they were. The British Empire was
at war. Canada was a part of the Empire. The Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada was nn important public body
from which a declaration on this ques-,
tion was expected, and rightly so unless they wished to face the charge
that they were afraid to make a statement. Silence on such a, matter nt this
time would be detrimental to the labor
movement. Prtisslanism was out to
dominate the world with the sword.
German workingmen did not refuse to
obey the order of the kaiser even
though they were socialists and trade
unionists from whom the world had
been led to expect different conduct
under such circumstances. He never
had been a military -mnn, but if it became necessary he would not hesitate
to don the uniform, and do his share.
The eiecutive council had made the recommendation which would place Jhe
trade unions of 'Canada in' harmony
with the action of labor unions in tho
other countries of the allies. They had
felt called upon to. do, tbis; otherwise
he did not consider tney would bO fit to
sit in tho place of trust in which,tho
labor movement of Canada had placed
them.' -.' ' •
The allies must continue tho war until
stich time as the power of* the German
sword is crushed, and democracy in that
country has a chance to grow. The
Trades Congress of Canada, must be
abte to look the world In the face and
sjay'that labor in this country is in bar-
motjy on this * question' with labor, in
Britain nnd Frnrice. Prolonged applause
followed the address of Secretary Draper,
Delegato,Twttor.       ■•
'' Delegate Trotter'said It was iitiptissl-
ble the trade unions (Mild pass by sufch
a question without making a pronouncement, especially in, view of the large
numbers of union men who had enlist?
ed. In the western part of Canadn, 40
per cent, of the' carpenters alone had
joined. He was under no misunder-i
standing as.no what war meant. He
had fJa trinket and-'a few bars.". .But
he was not so* much impressed about
"bleeding Belgium" as to forget the
Congo, when none of the great nations
thought fit to ■ interfere. Militarists
controlled because in no One country
had the working class succeeded in gaining sufficient power to prevent them,
but he did not believe that militarism
waB to be abolished by more militarism.
International Unionism.
Delegate Hardy, Vancouver, opposed
the report. The debate as he heard it
was a question of nationalism aB against
internationalism. He quoted the contents of a letter from the international
headquarters of the carpenters' union,
wherein attention was called to the
cosmopolitan character of the union and
the need for observing. the strictest
neutrality of sentiment on'the "war. In
his opinion, if the convention wanted to
stand by the international position of
the labor movement, it would vote the
roport down.
Delegato Siverts Supports.
Delegate Sivertz, Victoria, said that
if he could feel that the cause of labor
in general would be helped by the victory of Germany, he would vote against
the report. If the ruling cl°Bg °f Ger-
many could stampede the workers as
they had done ait the beginning of the
war, he believed it, would be much
easier for them to do the same again if
that country emerged victorious. The
chief reason why some delegates opposed the report was that tney were
7000 miles away from the trouble. ' He
would ask them, were they prepared as
opponents df the war, If they were prepared to be logical and start a rebellion against Britain!
Delegate Day, Victoria, favored the
report.
Delegate Lodge, Ottawa, in supporting the committee, said that, if Great
Britain had been prepared like Germany there would have been ho war.
Our good nature had brought this situation. As to democracy, could the tf orld
today afford a better example of democracy than the convention at that moment, criticising with the utmost freedom every aspect and phaBe of the war
situation!
Jimmy Simpson's Views.
Delegate Simpson, Toronto, Baid the
question was one of the greatest magnitude. It was necessary it should be.
viewed if rom a broad standpoint in order that all phases of the struggle could
be taken into account, and judged in
their true relations td each other. He
went with much detail into the expressions' of opinion which have been made.
about the war by leading labor men and
socialists in Europe. All of them, in
his belief, justified the executive council
of the Congress in making the recommendation which it had.
All the working blass'Hfld; been able,
to do up to the present was to show the
absurdity of war from the workers'
standpoint. It had worked along the
lines of education, and to bring its convictions into practical, form would. require perfect organization and mutual
understanding. The action of the workers, in Europe in connection with the
w£r was largely due to the psychology
of the situation * there. Canada 'wa's
thousands of miles away, but if the Germans appeared here with rifles and machine guns, the effect,on Canadian workmen would be, much, the same aB it had
been in Europe.
,, Even socialist's could take some satisfaction from the war. It had caused
the ruling class to abandon* the private
enterprise idea in hot haste, and had
demonstrated the transcendarice of the
collective principle. But that alone
would not abolish, war. War was the
natural fruit of capitalism, juBt as much
as the sweat shop and child labor and
the.wage system itself.
Tbe working men,of Great Britain
and France and Germany were yet in'
their infancy so far as the great movement was concerned which would sweep'
away forever war and its causes. In
his.opinion it' Would be no violation of
the international cordialities of labor to
support; the report of the executive
council.
Aliens who went peaceably about'
their, affairs should be protected from
violence. When the jingo and the plutocrat .would persecute them th.ey will
remember afterwards that the spirit of
internationalism in tbe labor movement
of Canada was here to succor and sustain them. Liebknecht, in Germany,
had studied German1 militarism very
closely, and knew how democracy in
that country had been strangled.
The' working class' over there was
continually gaining more power despite
the use pf every diabolical method
which could be devised by the autocracy
to prevent it. The war wals precipitated for the purpose of killing the growing socialist movement and the spread
of democracy. It was not the time now
to quibble about what the diplomats
did.
The thing to do was to take steps to
abolish secret diplomacy in the future.
So far as the wage and capitalist systems were concerned they would still be
here, and after the war is over tbe great
fight of the working class' for emancipation will still have to fee made. But the
war had to be fought to a finish, and
such measures adopted afterwards aa
would prevent a repetition of it. The
first steps in that direction would have
to bo taken nlqng the lines recommended
in the report of the committee.
Bancroft Closes Debate.
Vice-President Bancroft, in closing
the debate, said that the last convention
affirmed that a democratic principle
was involved in the war, and this convention was asked to ro-afflrm that declaration. He had signed the report of
the excutive council after very careful
consideration of the recommendations it
contained1.
Comparing Germany with Britain, he
reminded the delegates that Karl Marx
waa driven from Germany and eventually went to England, which was the
only country where he could be at liberty to pursue his work, a thing which
was impossible to do under the heel of
German autocracy.    ,••"
'Continuing, the vice-president said he
wanted to see the working cIubs emancipated, but he did not believe that would
be hastened by the victory of Germany.
For that purpose he put far'more faith
in the British way of doing things, ahd
which in his opinion contained more of
the elements of democracy than could
be found elsewhere in the world.
Out of the war, he believed would
come the best, organization of the working class which had ever yet been seen.
For the -first time in history ihe workers
ot all the countries involved must hays
a say in making the terms of peace. He
would itand by the report, find in doing
sb did not feel that he was sacrificing
any of tjie ideals of the International
labor movement,
: A standing vote was then taken on
the question.of adopting the report of
the committee on officers' reports, with
104 delegates in favor and 29 against.
The convention adjourned at 11:30 p.m.
THUKSDAY MOBNINO
Hon. Ti: W. Crothers^ minister of labor, occupied the platform for the chief
part of the session. The' minister had'
journeyed from Ottawa for the special,
purpose of-laying before the Congress
the draft bill of an act to be known as
the Industrial Disputes Act, and whioh
is proposed to take the place of the
present Industrial Disputes Investigation Act. and the Conciliation and Labor
Act. Dealing with the general (question
of investigating and' arbitration, the
minister said 'that arbitration .of- disputes of all kinds represented the difference between barbarism and civilization. '. '■*'
The new legislation proposed contains
many features which, in the minister's
opinion, will facilitate the settlement of
industrial disputes by removing some of
the provisions of existing legislation
which cause delay or other difficulties..
In explaining the new bill, he. pointed
out that it would place in his hands
full power to appoint boards of investigation, entirely free from all interference by the courts. His decision as to
whether a board shall or -shall not be
appointed will be final. It will not be
necessury that workmen, in applying
for a board, shall be required to show
that authority' haB been given to call a
strike in the industry involved. If the
minister is satisfied that a bona fide dispute exists, that will fee sufficient reason in his judgment for appointing a
board.
Features of the Bill
A case had come to his notice from
Quebec where workmen had been dismissed by an employer when he knew
they intended to apply for a board. The
contention was then put forward that
they were not employees aiid could not'
therefore apply for. a board to inquire
into a dispute concerning the establishment in which they were formerly engaged. To amend that the new act
would have a clause providing that
'' (Continued- on page 3)
G.tyCarnithers
HIGH CLASS TAILOR
2J2 Broadway Eaat
PANTAGES'
Unequalled V.ud.vlll.  Muni
PANTAQES VAUDEVILLI
THRU SHOWS DAILY    ;.
l.«, 7J0, 0.15    Season's  Price.:
Matinee, llfci Kvsnlngsj lie., as.
_______ Chemists
G.S. Eldridge 4 Co.
We guarantee accuracy   •
ol our result!.
WRITE FOR PRICE LIST
Cave Bldg.   Vancouver, B- C.
T. B. CUTHBERTSON -_ Oo.
Men'8 Hatters and Outfitter*
Three Storei
Printers and
Labor Tuple
BiiMbf
Phone Sty. MO
printetiofThc fop.
ttOYT'S
10 Cent Cakes'
"ALWAYS FRESH','
ASK YOUR GROCER
TRADES AND LABOB COUNOIL—MEETS
Onl snd third Thuridtye, Eiecutive
botrd: Jtmee B. MoVety, president! B. P.
Pettipiece, vice-president; Oeorge Butler.
general eeorettry, 210 Lsbor Temple: Hits
H. Outterldge, treuurer; Fred. A. Hoover,
otitiitlclin; sergetnt.it.srnu, John Sully: A.
J. Onw/ord, Fred. Knowlet, F. W. Welsh.
trustees.
■BRICKLAYERS' AND MABONS', NO. 1
, —Meett every ltt and Srd Tuesday,
! p.m., Room W, Presldsnt, Jamas
Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. 8.
Dagnall, Box 63; flnanclal iecretary. F.
It. Brown; business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room 216.
Sunday Summer Sailings. *
Enjoy thi Sundty on tbl wtter by taking
t trip to Olbson's Ltndlng, Robert's Creek
tnd Sechelt by tbe ftet pleienri steimer
SANTA MAMA.
Letve Johnson's Whtrf it ...» 9:80 a. m.
Arrives Olbson's Landing .... 11:80 t. m.
"   i   Robert!! Creek ..    .. 11:18 p. m.
"       Sechelt.     1:00 p.m.
Returning letvel Beohelt tt... 5:00 p. m.
Arriving Vincouver tbout .... 'Silt p. m.
FAKE FOR ROUND TRIP ONE DOLLAR.
Fyil plrtlcnlw Phone Sey. 4980.
Vote tgttnst prohibition! Demtnd percent! liberty in choosing what you will drink.
Ask for this -Libel when purebMlng Beer,
Ale or Porter, is t gutrtntee thtt it Is Un*
ion Mtde. IMS Is Oui Ltbsl
SYNOPSIS OF COAL MININO RMU-
LATIONS
Coal mining rights of tht Dominion,
In Manitoba, Satkatohewan and AJbtrta,
tht Yukon Territory, tht Northwejt.-Ter-
rltorlet and In a portion of tht Province
of Brltlih Columbia, may be leased for
a term of twenty-ont yean at an annual
rental of 11 an acne. Not more than
1,610 acrea will bt leased te ont applicant. . *        .'
Application! for least must be mid. by
the applicant in penon .to the Agent or
Sub-Agent of the dlstriot In whloh the
rlghte applied for art situated..    '_"
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by Motions, or. legal, subdivision, of sections, and In unsurveysd territory tht tract applied for thill be
staked by the applicant hlmielf. ....
Bach application must he aooompanied
by a fee of 16, whloh will be refunded It
tht rlghtt applied for are not, ivailablt,
but not otherwise. A royalty shell he
paid en the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five ctntt per ton!
the penon operating the mine: shall
.MnUh the Agent ,Wth twprn .rtturwi
accounting for tht full quantity of mtr-
  _,_ ptr tht royal*
thereon.    If * the coe.1 mining rights
ohantable coal mined
ty thereon.   If*the
not, being .operated,  s»oh returns
ilshed at
should be furnished at least once a ytar.
The lease will include the coal mining
rlghta only, but the lessee roar (be permitted to purehaee .whatever available
surface rlgSte taer he oonsldend ratea-
tary for the working of the mine at the
■/Fer^tfV^jnStloii application^liouli
be made to the Beentary of tht Dtpart-
mentof the Interior, Ottawa, or* to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Donfolog tinde.
• Deputy Mlnltter of the Interior.
rn i*. "\
Westminster
Trust Co.
Head Office:
New Westminster, B.C.
3. 3. -TONES,      J. A. EENNIE,
Uaa. Director Sec.-Treas.
ACTS AS ASSIGNEES,
LIQUIDATOB8 AND
'    EECEIVEBB
INSUBANCffiiN ALL
ITS BBANCHES
Houses, Bmgslows, Stores
tt— modem suites for rent
at a Mg reduction.
Safety Deposit Boxes for rent at
♦8.50 up.  Wills drawn up free of
charge.
Deposits accepted and Interest at
Pour par cent, allowed on daily
balances.
VANCOUVEB UNIONS
ALLIED  PRINTING   TRADES    COUN-
CIU—Meeti ■ second  Monday  ln ' the
'^'., ■P'M'.'l.nt. 8. J. Bothel; secretary,
iTH. Nwliud., P. OT.Boa 6«,
BARZ.I*l!SRS'..i^1' j><>- 'T-^f-
. ."Se' ?°<"ul M> L»1>or Temple Metta
Snt Sunday* of eaoh month. ■ Preside!"
Jemes Cunpbell; IninoliI seeretsry. B.
Dtvii, Boi tat. phone Sey. «76t; recording
eeorettry, Wm. Jlottlihtw, Qlobe Bote), Mtln
BROTHERHOOD   OF   BOILER    UAKIRB    i
>    tnd Iron Ship   Builder,   tat   Belpert '
of* Amerlet,   vincouver   Lodge   No.   194*— '
MeeU  Int  tnd   third  Mondtyi,  a  p. a.
President, A. Cempbell, 18 Seventeenth tvf
nue weet; eeoreUry, A, Frtttr, 1151 Howl
Unit.
COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES
Union—MeeU Int Frldtr In etch
nontb, ,8:80 p. m., Ltbor .Temple. A. Grt*,
bun, business repraentitlve. Alee: I Room
80S, Leber Temple. Houn: 8:80 t. m. to
10; 1 to 6 p. m. Competent help furnished
on thtrt nptice. Phont Seymour Btli.
DIBTBIOT COUNCIL OF OA-f-NT-il
meett lu room SOS, Ltbor Temple, iee*
nd tnd fourth Tkundtt of .uk month, I
f. tn.   President, .0. .B. Btrdy:    	
F. L. Btrrttt; treuurer, W. T. Tl
otl No. SIT auttt   Snt   tnd
day of «teh month, lad Loot!	
tot end third ___ ef eeeh mialh.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS. LOOAL NO. Ill
„ —MeeU room 801, Ltbor Temple, every
Mondiv, 8 p. m. President,. Stm. Ctwket,
887 Templeton Drive; reoording teenttrr
B. Hogtn, Ltbor Temple; lotuctil eeorettry
tnd bueiuei. tgent, E„ B. Morrilot, Room
807, Ltbor Toieplo,
BOD0U&I$B8, -OILDIKO AND COlflloS
Ltboren' union. No. 05-—Meett Snt nnd
third Frldlf of etch month, Ltbor Templt,
Pmldent, E. 0. Appleby, Idle P.ndrlll St.;
leenttry, .Oeorge Blrrlion; hueineil tgent,
John Sully, room 110, Ltbor Temple.    All
MACHINISTS. NO.  181—MEETS SECOND
:    tnd foarth Frldtyi it 8 p. m. Fn.ld.nt, ,
J. Mclvor; recording eeentiry, J. Brookn;
__U_tU__7__ MoVety.
PLASTEBEBS' OPEBATIVE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION, No. 80 —
Meets every Snt tnd third Wedneediy ln the
month in room 801, I*bor Tempi.. Fntl,
MjtX Burtyj vict-pnuldent, A'. Bcrentien; ■
corresponding seeretsry, Joe ComlSh, 186*
Eleventh tvenue cut; tntnelll leenttry,
Oedite Montgomery; tnimnr,' Htrold Bold;
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAOUE Of
\ NORTH AMERICA.-Vancouver and
vlelntty. Branoh mutt lit and 8rd «ri-
*»l*f et.JitborTempU, .room.808. H. Night-
inlet, pmldent, STS Flftjr-elith tvenue
list; Jos, O, Lyon, lunolli eeorettry, 1T11
Ortnt  street; J. CtmpbeU,   wording   -
Meett Ltbor Timple, suond and fourth W.d-
—Jiyt it 1:80 tnd 8 p. m. Pntldent, Jot.
,.. '»! »*»rdlfS seentery, Jit. I. OrUU;
108, Twentyltth tvenni eut; luuclil see*
Bui
nWlUijll»«,i|iH Fred. A. Hoover,
8408 Clerk Drlvt.
•,6aHEH8B'  taimws'   union ,. of
..,,-AMERICA. Local No. 178—Meeting,
held Snt Tuiidiy in etch month, S p. £.
Pmldent, *'Frinds WillUmii vice-president,
Mill H. Outterldge; -reeordlng lee, 0. M»
Dontld, Boa SOB; Snanolal' nonUry, K,
Peterson, P. 0. Boa 608;
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, rfd. aSf*****
Meete list Sundty of etch month tt 8
p.m. 'Preildent, R. Perm. Pettlplece| vice*
pmldent, w, 8. Metiger; eeorotirytreiturer
R. B. Neelmde, P, 0. Boa 68i
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU
In tnnutl convention la January. Eieo-
ullve.oflcen, 1916*18: Preildent, A. Watchman; vlee-preildenU—Tauoouver, W. F.
Dunn, J. B. McVety; Vlctorit, B. Slmmom;
New Weitminiter, w. Yttii; Prince Rupert,
W. E, Denning; Bevcletoke. J. Lyon; Dli-
trlct 88, U, M. W. of A. (Vtueouver leland),
8. Outhrle; Dlitriot 18, U. M. W. of A.
(Cnw'i Neet Vtlley), A. J. Outer; eecn-
ttrytreMurer, A. 8. Welle, P. 0. hoi 1688,
Vlctorit, B. 0.   ,
VICTORIA, ■■ C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—MeeU Snt tnd third Wedneediy,
Ltbor hill, 14S4 Oovernment Itnet, tt 8
p. m. Pretident, A, 8. Welles seeretsry, F.
Boldrldgt, Boi 803, Vletorl., m 0.
ORGANIZED LABOB COMPANIES.
LABOR.TEMPLE OOMPANY, LIMITED—
. Plricton; JM.Brown,j>»iideiti B. P.
Pettlpleoe, vice-president: Edwud Lothltn,
Junes' CtmpbeU, J. W. WUkinun, Oeo. Wll-
S', W. J. Nlfle, F. Blumberg, B. H. Frit.
tntglng director tnd leereUrr-tretiurer, J.
H. MeVety, room IM.. Libor Temple.
B. 0. I-EDERATJONIST. LIMITED—MeeU
it eill of president. Labor Temnle, Vucouver, B. 0. Dlncton: Jimee CtmpbeU,
preeldent] 3. B. MoVety, eecreUry'treliunr;
A. Wltohmtn, A. 8. Wells. R. Pint. Petti-
piece, mtntger, 317 Ltbor Templt. Telephone:   Seymour_749t.
fc'<;.i I'ltflJItfS . ■■■PBP
BATUBDAY....SEPTEMBEB 25, 1916
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE'
TO THE LABOR MEN of B. C.
q Do you know that if
every person in B.C.
fought shoes made ih
I.C. there would be 15
Jurge shoe factories here
employing ever 100
, hands each full time.
These extra shoemakers
would help to keep you
i busy at your trade.
Remember this fact
when buying your next
pair of shoes.
Mens _114 Box
One of our best sellers
Boys L 240 Box Kip Heavy Sols
Nsat snd very serviceable
I L«IE
Company Ltd.
Shoe Manufacturers
kip Heavy soio  Vancouver, B.C.
Named Shoes ire frequently nude in Nob-
Unio. F«toriM-Do Not But Any Shoe
no matter what 1U name, intsss it bears s
plain anl readable Impression or this stamp.
AB shoee wtttrtmt ths Union Stamp an
always Non-Union. .
SOOT A IHOI WORKIRV UNION
Id gammer itreet, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobln, Pits.   C. L. Blaine, gee-Trees.
**%■»"'   iJ"_r_ ^"»_ Bert Shoe Repairing "While You Walt'
¥V UI 1U tJAIUCA^Wt Ltlggen'.Mlliwi'CrippleV indtnyklnd
M Hutlngi St, W., Phone Sey. 1770
  ■1MMr-r*--'	
of epecltl Shoee mide too
_u mmom
TEA SKOM
coma    ■ row
JBLLT POWBBB ■■„>.,.i.- i-       ■• '-VSmV*ma)-: '.'.,!iXi':
PLAVOBIHO BXTEAOTB M-EOTO POWDEB
AT YC# GROCfik
Get and use "NABOB" evepytiine
\r\   ■'!,.'   »'
«
■
Cdpiial and Labor Endorse
Beer appeals to the workingman because it.
is a mild and inexpensive beverage, which
promotes not only sociability, but furnishes
relaxation after the hours of toil. The regular and moderate use of CASCADE BEER
means sobriety, steady nerves ahd healthy
body.
With the wealthier classes, beer is the favorite beverage, not because of its low cost,
but because of its scientifically proven food
value. The sentiment against intemperance
is. steadily leading all broad-minded men
toward pure beer, the great temperance
drink.
Rich in valuable food elements,, secreted
from malted barley and hops. At all liquor
stores-
Six pints for 50c      Three quarts for 50c
Vancouver Breweries Limited
Convention of Trades and
Labor Congress
(Continued from page 2)''
either of the parties involved could
within thirty days after a strike, lockout or dismissal be entitled to a board.
Cases had arisen, like' one in Vancouver, where, after an award1 had been
made, dispute had arisen as to the
meaning of its' terms. The new act
would give power to the chairman of
the board which made the award, to
reconvene the board to make a definition of the disputed terms.
No strikes can take place under the
proposed legislation until a secret vote
of the men has been taken. This is
to provide opportunity for careful consideration of an award. A majority
would .not be necessary, but a vote
would have to be taken.
Employers and workmen may make
agreements covering a period of years.
The gover'nor-in-couneil will appoint a
registrar of boards of conciliation -with
whom these agreements will be registered. If either party considers that
conditions have very materially changed before the time of the agreement
lapses, the minister may on request
have the agreement opened up again.
A penalty not to exceed (1000 will be
imposed upon anyone misrepresenting
labor conditions in any parf of the''Dominion and causing persons to go there,
and1 upon persons encouraging others to
come into Canada under false representations aB to chances of employment.
Under the present act the minister
cannot appoint a board of inquiry in'
oases where an indictable offense is in-,
volved. The new measure would annul
that. An inquiry could be ordered and
an award made; After that the offence
oould, if the party wished, be proceeded
with in the ordinary way before the
courts.
When the board ie appointed, if other
complaints arise than those set forth in
the original application, the minister
may order the board to proceed to inquire into the new matters in dispute.
Boards of investigation must consist
of British subject's resident in Canada.
Minister on Unions,
The minister said he believed his
proposals would be of benefit to. organized labor, of which he had always been
a warm advocate. He considered it was
the duty of every wage-earner to belong
to a' unidn'of his trade or calling, and
thoit men were * not entitled to participate in the material benefits accruing
from the agitations of unions unless they
contributed to the upkeep of them.
AdviBe Against Repeal.
Chairman J. H. McVety, for the committee, which has three matters under
consideration, said that the majority of
the- committee were riot in favor. of
asking ftr the repeal of the Industrial
Disputes* Investigation Aot, as requested in a resolution submitted to the convention by Vancouver street railway-
men. The convention supported thiB
recommendation of the committee. The
committee also favors the deletion of,
many of the amendments as proposed by
the minister and outlined1 above.
Against Conscription.
' The, officers' reports committee re-
commended concurrence in the following section of the report of the. executive* (iouncil of the Congress: "Thia
co#Vihtion of the Trades'and tabor
CotfgfeBs of Canada registers ita unchangeable Opposition1 to all that savors
of conscription, either here or within
the Empire."    •
- This important pronouncement. was
agreed to without one dfosentient voice
by delegates from nil parts of the Do-
minibn, and representing 71,419 organized menv„i &       *' -   ■■'
Free Labor Bureaus. .
The' recommendation of the executive
council- regarding the establishment of
free-municipal labor; registratio'n bu-<
reaus, was concurred in. The abolition
of private employment 'agencies will be
pressed before the Dominion government, and the substitution in their place
of the municipal machinery .whereby
each city can have full control of.its
'own1 unemployed problem.
Pensions for .Soldiers.
The incoming executive council of the
Congress was instructed to urge upon
the Dominion government the adoption
of a better pension system for disabled
private ■ solcQers, and for their dependents if killed.' A national pensions
board will be advocated to administer
the system. The present pension system
was described as "pitifully inadequate
as far as the rank and file are concerned."
The executive council was instructed
to continue its efforts to have the Dominion government make provision for
the payment' of fair wages to contractors who receive orders for war mate?
rials of all kinds. Also to further advocate the establishment! of a system of
technical education to apply to the Dominion as a whole.
In the afternoon the session was suspended and the delegates taken for an
automobile drive through Stanley Park
nnd on to New Westminster, where
thoy were entertained to lunch by the
city council, returning to Vancouver in
time for an evening session at 8 o'clock.
THURSDAY NIGHT
The whole of this session of the Congress was devoted to discussing with
Hon. T. W. Crothers, minister of labor,
present, the amendments which ho proposes to make to the Industrial Disputes
Investigation act. For three hours the
minister answered questions, mado explanations and listened to suggestions
which would improve the act.
Delegate J, H. McVety, as chairman
of the special committee which had the
bill' undor consideration, submitted a
number of questions as to its clauses
nnd the meaning of them to the minister. Under the provisions ,of the bill
the only government employees who are
included are tho railway, telegraph and
telephone workers. The question being
aBked, the minister said they were the
only govornment servants whom lt was
thought advisable to place under the
jurisdiction of the new measure.
Scope of the Act.
Tho query was raised as to why the
act was net made applicable to disputes which might arise in'private in
dustry. The reply was that it was not
considered practicable. The act was
primarily devised to prevent inconvenience to the general public, as the result
of serious dispute between employers
operating a public utility -and their
workmen. In such cases the publie was
involved. In.the instances of private
industry inconvenience would Only be
caused to the employer and his- em-
employees.
Strikes and Lockout*.
A good deal of controversy arose as
to the exact legal meaning of the terms
"stri&e" and' '•!lockout/' and,to the
penalties which the bill proposed should
be applied to persons causing' them to
tako place "unlawfully." The general
opinion was expressed that the penal;
ties were far more drastic in the case
of workmen, arid more easily applied to
them than to employers, -,;;
Tha Mlnen Opposed.
The delegates from the" coal miners
were without exception entirely opposed
to1 the bill,'ota the grounds that all
awards whidh they had got under the
Industrial Disputes Investigation act
had been unsatisfactory. Delegate Foster of the island miners, charged the
minister with having refused a public
inquiry into the oause of the late atrike.
On the other hand, such organizations
as those engaged in the maintenance of
way departments of the railway systems are in favor of the legislation for
the reason that they consider they have
derived a great deal of benefit from it.
Delegate Kelly of the longshoremen
did not consider that organizations
which did not come within the scope
of the bill could vote on the provisions
of it with the same feeling of responsibility as'those engaged in some public
utility. He objected to the principle
of the measure, arid did not consider
that organizations unaffected should
continue to assist iu fastening it on
those that were.
What Do They Mean?
In the draft bill which the minister
had supplied for the use of the delegates, were many "suggestions" printed in smaller type than the regular
clauses. Included in them were a large
number whioh were not looked upon
favorably by the delegates. The minister said they were not his suggestions,
but had been sent to him from various
sources.during the past year and since
it had been,known he intended to pre-,
pare the bill. The opinion was expressed that, the fact of them being
there would act as nn encouragement to
the members of the House of Commons
to. try to have them incorporated in the
bill when it was being considered by
them.
. ■ Applying Penalties.
Replying to the contention of eeveral
delegates that the penalties were more
easily applicable to workmen than to
employers, the minister said that during the whole of the time he had been
in charge of the department of labor
he had hot considered it necessary to
instigate a single prosecution .against a
workman -for violation of any of the
terms of the -present act.'
Delegate Simpson pointed out that
the penalty on workmen for causing an
unlawful strike or lockout/was on a per
capita basis,.but that' in the case of a
corporation it was in the form of tf
lump sum. per day.' He suggested- that
any .corporation convicted of, causing s
lockout should be penalized at, so much
per man for every man locked out. The
minister adopted the suggestion. -
■• - ■ A Doubtful Clause, ■
Vice'Presiddtft' Bancroft, called Attention-to Section (63"'of the bill, which
reads: "Atay person who orders,', declares, ■ counsels,' incites, encourages or
aids, in any manner, any employer to
declare or continue an. unlawful lockout, o^'ftriy'employee to go or continue.
on an unlawful strike, shall, if siich
person is an employee in the employment'hi wh_c> the strikp or lockout
takes place,'be liable'ttfajlne or riot
lesB than $50 nor more than $1000, and,
if such person is not siich a.n employee,
shall be liable to a fine of not less than
$100- nor-more than #2000, pr to imprisonment for any period not exceeding
six piontbsi" In his opinion this clause,
and particularly the latter, part of it,
WaB put there for the purpose of making it a very risky tMrig for an international officer of the Union, who might
come.from the United States, to advise
members of a union riB to how they
Bhould act in cases where a strike
seemed imminent.      *
PRESIDENT
SUSPENDER
. -■ FRIDAYMORNING
With the opening of the session, Dele'
gate- Miss H. Guttridge, representing
Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
introduced by unanimous vote of the
convention, a resolution favoring the
extension of the political franchise fo
women. It was referred'to the resolutions committee, and finally endorsed
by the Congress.-
Decide Against Repeal.
By a standing vote of 97 against 55,
tbe convention decided, after a strenuous debate, during, which Hon. Minister
of Labor T. W. Crothers, was present
and took part, that it would not aek for
tho repeal of the Industrial Disputes
Investigation, act. It was further resolved: "That the matter of the Ihdus-
trial Disputes-act be referred to the executive council of thu Congress with instructions to secure the necessary interpretations from competent counsel and
that when the now act comos before the
House, the executive council bo authorized to bring to Ottawa such oflleors as
it deems accessary to assist in combating the objectionable and supporting
favorable amendments.
Street Railwaymen Oppose.
Vancouvor street railwaymen had a
large delegation in tho convention, and
it wns announced by them that they
came thore with deflnito instruction's
from their union to oppose the act and
press for its repeal. Thoy were not in
favor of industrial .war, but thoir experience of the act hnd convinced thom
that it was not a piece of legislation
favorablo:to their interests. They favored arbitration; but not under government control; Referring to tke recent
dispute, one of the Btreet railwny delegates said the department of labor could
thank the international headquarters of
their union for the' fact that there was
no strike. If they had received the
promise of financial Bupport they would
have struck.
Delegate Naylor, a mirier delegate
from Vancouver Island, said that if the
act was continued in its present form it
would eventually undermine the power
of the present form of trade unionism,
and give rise to another kind which Bet
the act at defiance.
Carmen Would Amend.
Delegate, .McKenna, Cranbrook, said
tho railway carmen had had « very wide
experience of the working of the act,
and had in many cases received awards
which wero very unsatisfactory to thom.
But they did not favor the repeal of the
act, they would rather press for its
amendment in such a manner as would
bring more favorable results to trade
unions." '
Delegate Barker, international presi
dent of maintenance of way employees,
believed the Congress Bhould very carefully consider the proposed amendments.
It would not be good that the' CongresB
should go on record as opposed to the
act.
Minister Speaks Plainly.
Delegate Gibbons, Toronto street railwaymen, favored amendment, a view
which was opposed by Delegate Gam-
mack of Winnipeg Street Railwaymen,
who said he came instructed by his
union to vote for the repeal of the aet.
Longshoremen and others also opposed
the aot, but when the vote was taken,
it revealed a sentiment of almost two
to one against repealingHhe act.
The minister of labor, just before
leaving the convention, said: "As long
as I am in charge of the department of
labor the act will not be repealed1. I
would rather go out of offlce than do
that. I regard it as a measure of great
value' to the public in general and workingmen in particular'."1 ,
Federations Threatened.
Delegate Peebles, Edmonton, was responsible for a resolution intended to
dissolve the Alberta Federation of Labor, a proposal whieh was,opposed by
Delegate Wells, the secretary of the
Britihs Columbia Federation, who eon-
tended that the Federations had done
valuable work in the provinces which
had them.
Delegate Pettipiece, Vancouver, said
he was coming to the conclusion that in
many cases where Unions had obtained
what they wanted by legislative means,
they lost interest in keeping their industrial organizations up to a, keen
pitch of efficiency. He was riot sure
that the abolition of the Alberta Federation would mean the death knell of
the federations in other provinces, but
he was disappointed in the legislative
results obtained in British Columbia
during the past six years for the
amount of money which had been spent.
*-      FRIDAY AFTERNOON
Election^ of' officers for the coming
year took up most of the time of the
afternoon sftBsion of the convention.
J. H. McVety Elected.
Before the regular officers were elected, Secretary Draper called attention to
the announcement made at the opening
of the convention last Monday morning
by Hon. W. J. Bowser. This was to the
effect that the government were about
to appoint a' commission to visit the
chief cities of the United States and
Eastern Canada, to gather information
for the guidance of the government in
framing the new Workmen's Compensation act.
The attorney-general also stated that
the commission was to consist of three
members, one from the government,- one
from the'employers and one from the
trade unions. The proviso was added
in the latter case .that the-person
selected must be a British Columbian.
He also expressed it as his desire that
the Congress should select .the-trade
union representative, and that, in'case
hiB suggestion was adopted, the government would accept the.nominee of the
convention. In view of that Secretary
Draper moved that the delegates proceed to nominate and elect their choice,
a course which was agreed upon.
• On the chairman calling for nominations, President A. Watchman of the B.
C. Federation of Labor,.announced that
the. executive council of tht^t body had
decided to recommend Delega'te J. H.
JtfcVety for the position, and Mr. A. J.
Carter as an alternate in case Delegate
McVety for any reason was not able to
accept the nomination. .
Other nominations being called for
by the chair, the following accepted: J.
H. McVety, A. J. Carter^ G. Bartley and
W-.Yatea, Tbe subsequent election resulted; J. H. McVety, 99; A. J. Carter,
53; .0. Bartley, 13, aritfW. Yates 6. Del-
egate McVety having received a majority of .all votes cast, was declared the
choice, of the convention.
When' the new Compensation act is
passed .into Jaw, if will be administered
by a permanent board of commissioners:
Delegate Wells, Victoria,' nominated
Delegate MoVety to be recommended to
the government to be one of the commissioners, and the convention endorsed
the nomination. ,
■ Election of Officers.
The election of officers was then pro-
ceedd with-. *' For president,- Delegate J.
C. Watten, who had been president of
the Congress for the past four years,
was nominated/ as also was Vice-President Fred Bancroft. The latter declined, and Delegate Waiters was declared
eleoted president by acclamation for the
coming year by H. J. Conway, fraternal
delegate from the American Federation
of Labor, who presided over.the.election.. ' ..     .   f ■■
For vice-president, Fred Bancroft and
A, Watchman, accepted nomination.
Delegate Watchman waB elected by
votes to 72, thus making a change in
the vice-presidency for tho first time in
four years, Delegate, Bancroft: having
been originally elected at tho snme time
as President Watters. This was at the
Calgary convention of the CongresB in
191J.
Socretary-trensurer P. M. Draper was
re-elected by acclamation. Delegate
Draper haB occupied the office of secretary-treasurer since 1900. For fraternal
dologate to the American Federation of
Labor convention, which meets in San
Francisco November 8 next, Fred Bancroft und W. Lodgo accepted nomination." The voting resulted, Bancroft
102, Lodge 07. James Simpson, Toronto, was elected by acclamation t'o go as
fraternal delegate to the next convention of tho British Trades Union CongresB. Toronto was chosen as the convention city of the Trndes CongreBs for
191(1.
Provincial executive committees were
elected as follows: Mnnitobn, W. .T.'
Bartlett, P. McCann, H. Irwin, A. W.
Puttee; Saskatchewan, R. Chadwick,'G.
Judaon, F. Perry, J. D. Wallace; Ontario, J. Gibbons, W. J. Hnlford, A. Thi-
bault, G. Murray. Executive committees for   Prince   Edward   Island nnd
(Continued on page 4)
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL  DIRECTORS AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Offlce and Chapel.
1034 QranvIHe St., Phone Sey. 3486.
North Vancouver — ofllce ami
Chapel, 182—Sixth St, Well, Phone
134.
CENTER &HANNA, Lid.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Serf ice
IMS GEORGIA STREET
On. Blook wut  of Court Home.
UM  Of  Modern   Chapel  ud
Funeral  Parlors  free  to all
Patron.
Telephone Soymonr SiM
WAR NEWS
Latest reports from the firing line tell* the good newt tiet "MM*.
PLACE," situated near "EVEBT PLACE" haa gladly surrendered to
tbe mighty leader "Col. Bojal Crown," for the laat forty yean hu successfully headed the forces of all Soaps, Washing Powder, Naetfca, snd
Cleanser.
.(SATE ALL TOUB BOTAL OEOWK WBAPPEBS FOE PBE_HD_U)
Remember!   WE- KEEP BEITISH COLOMBIA CLEAN
The Royal Crown Soaps Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.
BOYS'  &HIRf WAISTS
For Ages 6 to 16 years
from 50c up
CLUBB & STEWART, Limited
sonu hakims mm win n
r
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Large fist American Steamers tttttf American Bag
o-tiMimft;.mm
.S&^er York",.,Oct 9th
SS.,,StLoui»*?.i..;<kti6th
SS. 'Thiladelphia" Oct 23rd
snd every Saturday thereafter
Company's Offices: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN
OB LOCAL BAIL AND STEAMSHIP AOBNtl,
Jingle
REDUCTION in PRICE #
LUMP $6.50 NUT   $5.50
Now is the time to put in your winters supply
farm products; ha?, oats, Etc
McNEILL, WELCH & WILSON, Limited
Phone: Seymour 1036
Daily Launch Trips Up North Arm
Indian liver, Wlfwam Inn and all way points. Swiamiaf, koaalai, Siting,
dando,, etc. MaiaUmt leaner,, "doits as more tban stsylni In town."
Tickets and ftrthn laTenaetien:
Harbour Shipping Co., Gore Aye. Wharf.  Sey. 9590
BY-BINO
High Class Dental Services at
"very Moderate Prices
OOLD AND POBOELAIN OEOWNS, Each.... ....... I 8.00
BRIDGE WOBE, per Tooth...... >..., *,*• 6.00
PEBPEOT PITTINO PLATES    10.00
AMAMAM niJJNOS.    ....     1.60
ENAMEL PILLINOS        ...... .....    2.00
Diseases of ths gums, including Pyorrhea, successfully treated.
All work guaranteed.
M BRETT ANDERSON
Phons Seymour SMI     - Offlce:  101 Bsnk of Ottawa Building
602 Hastings Street West
Tango Street Car Tickets
8^25 Cents
THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT.
32 Bides at 32 Bides on Tour Saving On
A 6 Cent Fare Tango Tickets $1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00     60c
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
They are Mid by conductors on tba can, at tht B.O. Electric Salesroom,
Carrall snd Hastings streets and 1138 Oranvllle street; the Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and sontb end of
Granville street bridge; Depotmaster's Offlce at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at the
places of business of tbe following firms, throughout, the city:
HASTINGS STREET—
Woodward'•   D*pt.   Storii
(Drag
in.
Dtpt.) Abbott Street Corner.
BpMCtr'i Dept.   Store    (Oeihler'e
oflee, InformetloD Bureau -»nd Ex-
ehenie Dmki), new Richards,
Wood*! Ftwrnuicy—Seymour Street
corner.
Campbell'i Phim-cy — Granville
Btreet corner.
Owl Dniflton—Main Street corner.
Berriionri Drag Store—Near Car-
rail itreet ,   ..
KAIN STREET—
Browns    I.    Beaton,     Drungliti,
Pender itreet corner.
Law's    Dragster* — Earrla itreet
corner
OOBDOVA STREET—
Owl    Dmfitort —  Abbott itreet
corner
LOWELL STBEET—
Owl , Dragitote — DnnleTjr itreet
corner.
PEWHAK STREET— *
(EBflUk mat)
Torrinw Drufitor* — Parle itreet
OBANVILLB   STREET—
Hudion'i Bar Oo. All department!
Georgia atreet earner. ,
Gordon  Dryidall'i   (Notion    Counter) near Dunimoir. ■..,.<,
Owl Drugitore •»- Dunemulr atreet.
Harrtion'i    Drugitore —    Robion
street corner.
Browot * Batton. druggliti, Da-rli
■treet comer:
P1U Box Drugitore — Nelion itreet
corner
Law'i Drugitore *****- Datie   itreet
corner
Harrlion's      Drugitore — Pender
itreet corner.
FAIRVIBW—
Barrlion'i    Drugstore — Oranrllle
•treet  and  £oventlt avente. <
MOTrtiT PLBASAVf—
Law'i Drugitore — Near Broadway
OBANDVZBW—      <
Campbell'i Drugitore — Broadway
and Cominervlal Drive.
STANLEY PARK—
Mitchell'!  ConftcUoairy— Georgia
■treet entrance.
B.C. ELECTRIC
Carrall end Hastings Sts.
1138 Giauyjlle St
Near Dane
^ PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDER ATTONTST
SATURDAY....SEPTEMBEB 25, IMS
MENS OVERCOATS
REGULAR VALUES TO $30
SELLING NOW FOR ONLY
$17
.50
—Stylish Overcoats in three-quarter and full length
models, with and without belts, and convertible collar. Made of imported rough or smooth tweeds, in-
medium and dark greys and brown; all are customs
tailored, high-grade Overcoats, such as you'll bi
needing shortly, when the prices will be—
$20.00, $22.50, $25.00 to $30.00
Here now for $17.50
LET US SHOW YOU
^ OilpBudson'sBauCompany. M
\^ , Jx  _.  ___*_*_____      *m___%~.*mmtam.ma*t aanmtmat*.     ^^_^   ^ *J*\J
Granville and Georgia Streets
SOUTH VANCOUVER
NIGHT SCHOOLS
Use'yonr spare time to increase your efficiency and earning power.
Better informed men and women make better citizens.
NIGHT SCHOOLS will be opened in South Vancouver at an early
date,
Enrollment will take place at tho following schools:
GENEEAL WOLFE, Twenty-seventh snd Ontario Btreet
SELK-EK, Twenty-second snd Commercial Drive.
MACKENZIE, Forty-sixth and Fraser Street
OAELETON, Kingsway aad Joyce Bond,
on MONDAY, OCTOBER i, between 7 and 9 p.m.
A fee of Three dollars ($3.00) will be charged, but this will be re*
turned when pupil has completed 75 per cent, of possible attendances.
, BOABD OP SCHOOL TRUSTEES,
South Vancouver.
HfYTirT RRftRNT Absolutely Fireproof. Local and Long-Distance
IlUl-iil ft-iU&m phone In Every RoomCafe In Connection. Rates
11.00 per day up. Attractive Rates to Permanent Guests.
— -   "I A Beatty. tint-tut, 1SS 1—'
FOR SOLID COMFORT    *
HOTEL BURRARD
1. McGOLIVAKY, Proprietor
AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN PLAN
80 outride, bright, air* roanu
Two blocks (rom Labor Temple and Depot
404-406 Cordova Street, West
Corner Homer Street
Vancouver, B.C
UNION *#■ OFFICES
This Official List Of Allied Printing: Offices
CM IUFKT TOO. WITH THB A1LHD PUTT-TO TIADIS UNION LABEL
BAOLET A SONS, 181 Haitian Stmt..'. Sermon IIS
BLOCHBEROEB, P. B„ SIS Broidw.r But Fairmont SOI
BRAND A PERRY, SIS Pander Street, West  Sermour SS78
BURRARD PUBLISHING  CO..  711  Sarmonr  Btreet    Seymoar  StSO
OBINOOK  PRINTING CO.. 4001  M.ln Strut   F.lraoot  1S74
CLARKE t STUART.  S30 Sermaer strut   Senaoer S
COMMERCIAL PRINTING t PUBLISHING CO, ..World Bolldioi, Ber. <SII<S7
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE. Ubor Timple Bnlldlnf Seymoar U00
DUNSMUIR PRINTING CO, 4»7 Duumtlr Street Beymeer 110S
EVANS * HASTINGS, Arte ud Crafts Bids., Seymetu St.........Seymoar 5850
GBANDVIEW PRINTERS. IMS CemmereUl Hlihlud 741L
JEWELL.M. L., Ml Peader St .Seymoar IMA
KERSHAW, J. A., SSO Howe St Seymour 867*
LATTA. R P. 888 Gore Ave Seymour 1089
MAIN nnrfam CO.. SSSl Vein St P.lmont MIS
MoLEAN * SHOEMAKER, North TeneeuTsr N. Van. 61
MOORE PRINTING CO, Cor. GreofllU ud Robion Su Seymour SMS
NEWSADVEBTI8ER. 101 Pendor SI Seymour 101141*
NORTH SHORE PRESS. North Vancouver  .N Van. SO
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World BuUdlnf Seymour SS0S
PEAROE A HODGSON, III Hamilton Btreet  .... ..Seymour Mil
ROEDDE, G. A, 818 Homer Stnet Seymoar 164
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO. 117 Cemblo St Stymour 0800
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 1408 Wutmlnitu Road Fairmont 1140
THOMSON STATIONERY, 818 Hutlnn W Seymour 1810
TIMMS, A E, 110 Fourteenth Ave, X Fairmont OUR
WESTERN PRESS. 830 Cordon W Seymour 7860
WESTERN BPECIALTY CO. 831 Dunemulr St Seymour S«3S
WHITE * BINDON, 187-160 Cordova St Seymour 1816
Write "Onion Ubor' on Ton Oopy wben Tan Send It to the Wiles
UNION MADE GOODS
ALL UNION MEN SHOULD KNOW
WE OAEBT BOB TOKO'S GLOVES
HEADLIGHT OVERALLS
BIO HOBK OVERALLS
UNION MADE HATS
UNION HADE SHOES
AT GOOD RELIABLE VALUES
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 Cordova St W. and 444 Main St
Vancouver, B. G.
Furniture
tersest snd most soleet stoek la Western Canada, leap Terms aad decent
treatment, at wat Baa prices.
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
Get your Hunting and
Fishing Tents NOW
We carry a line from (2.50 up, or will make yonr
tent to order. Onr "PIONEER BRAND TENTS" are
made of the highest quality canvas and silks procurable, and are just the thine; for hard wear and utmost
service. Get our illustrated catalogue or call and see
our big display. BIG LINE OT ALL CAMP SUPPLIES.
C. H. JONES & SON, Ltd.
110 Alexander fltrwt   (Opp. N. Van. Tawy)   Uj. 740
Tha "PIONEER" tent maktn of Britlah Columbia
Convention of Trades
Labor Congress
. (Continued from page
Nova Scotia will be elected by tlio executive council of the Congress.
On his again assuming charge of tho
convention, President Watters, who lind
been suffering all week from a gevon;
n thick of throat trouble, dskoil to bo
oxcused from making a speeijh on that
account; bue he assured tint delegates
how deeply he felt a renewal of Uiuir
confidence.
FRIDAY NIGHT
Delegate Trotter,    ciiahiii
committee  on (immigration
ploy men t, presented the  ■■■■■■
body, on tho voriyus ma' ■
boon referred to it.    The {i
government subsidies sum i.
leged charity societies and sii
eerns for    bringing    imaii^
Canada was condemned.    At
ing the committee's inteiit it
from officinl reports thnt •■■■•■
year period from 101] fo HVM
the Government    ol!    Brifi&ti
ade grants amounting  16
the Salvation Army oui of n
of $128,337 distributed nmm
concerns and societies for bi
migrants into this province.
Better Methods Needed.
The CongresB expressed its conviction
that a complete change of methods iJ
necessary if immigration in the fiituro
is to be effectively controlled. The committee favored the establishment of a
special department by the Imperial government to which would be added a representative of each of the colonies;
the department to have control of emi
gration from Britain, and exclusive authority to issue licenses to emigration
agencies, without which they would not
be allowed to operate.
To Find Illiterates.
A literacy test for all immigrants was
recommended by the committe. The
nature of the test was defined as being
"able to read and write in some language or tongue." This proposal gave
cause for considerable divergence of
opinion among the delegates. Delegate
Rigg, the newly-elected social democratic member for Winnipeg in the Manitoba Legislative Assembly, said the
committee's proposal did not strike him
as the proper kind of method to use for
the restriction of immigration. A good
deal had been said about the detrimental effect of non-English-speaking people upon the soeial conditions of Canada. His own experience in Winnipeg
had convinced him that very many of
these immigrants were far more alive to
their political interests as workmen
then many of British birth. He warned
the delegates to carefully scrutinize all
proposals to close the doors of Canada
to workingmen from any eountry.
Delegate Trotter Explains.
Delegates Simpson, Wells, McVety
and others spoke in similar strain. Dele*
gate Trotter pointed out that the literacy test proposed by the committee
would not bar immigrants because they
eould not speak English. As long aB
they could read and write in some language or tongue, they would be eligible.
If they could not, then he considered
they were not desirable aa elements in
fl British community. There was no
fear of men driven from European coun*
tries aa political refugees suffering from
that kind of test. Sueh men, the speaker said, were not of the illiterate type
whatever else they might be. But as
an indication of the evil he desired to
remove, he referred to a circular letter
Bent out by a steel company in Cape
Breton and distributed among the working class of Eastern Russia. It stated
that it was not necessary to know how
to read or write in any language in order to enter Canada, and offered wages
whloh were very low for this country,
with a twelve-hour work day. He warned the delegates that an illiterate class
would Bubmit to iniquitous industrial
conditions and drag other workmen
down to the standards it created. Concluding, he reminded the convention
that the United States congress had1
only recently had a literacy test bill before it, and although it had been vetoed, it might pass later on and cause
the tide of illiterate immigrants who
are now entering the States to be diverted into Canada unices this country
also had a similar teat for immigrants.
The recommendation of the committee
luded instructing the eiecutive commit
oil of the Congress to have a bill prepared covering this matter, and to be
submitted to the Dominion government
The convention adopted the proposal.
For Aiiatic Exclusion.
Asiatic exclusion was again favored,
as in former conventions of the Congress, and the attention of the delegates
directed to the ineffectiveness of the
head tax as a check upon "this moat
undesirable feature of immigration."
In that part of its report whioh dealt
with unemployment the committee recommended endorsation of the executive council's proposal to ask for a federal commission to be at once appointed
to go Into the whole question of unemployment in Canada. Also that a commission be given funds commensurate
with the work it had to do, and power
to commence Immediate plans for relief in the more distressed districts, a
proposal which was endorsed.
Tbe Interned Aliens.
Ouelph Trades and Labor council de*
sired that all interned aliens be return-
to the eountry from which they
came. The committee did not agree
with the proposal. It considered the interned alien question would have to be
dealt with at the close of the war as
part and parcel of the larger question
of unemployment. Delegate Wells, Vic*
toria, pointed out that many of the
aliens were members of trade unions,
interned through no fault, of their own
and for that reason opposed the idea
of deporting tbem; a view which was
shared by the rest of the convention,
which adopted the committee's recom-
mendatlon.
Provincial Labor Departments
The report of the executive council,
dealing with tbe probable situation in
Canada at the elose of the war, said
"When the war is over, lt will require
the exercise of the greatest care on the
part o fthe directing force of government to prevent social chaos by the
turning loose of thousands of workers
for whom there will be no work."
To reduce the danger of this, the executive council of tbe Congress, and the
provincial executive committees, will
urge upon the Dominion and provincial
governments the necessity for the adoption of a six-hour day in all industries
in their respective jurisdictions. To
further this propoeal   each   provincial
Jovernment will be asked to create a
epartment of labor. The several governments will alao be urged to commence work without delay, upon buildings or other publie works which are
contemplated or necessary, In order to
relieve the congestion of the Ubor mar*
ket.
Provincial labor exchanges were era-
.f C
de
t   A
•port of
u f ti
ll, e whole that the Trades
'■ i gross of Canada sever its
.Mi ihe Social .Service Coun-
it. A standing vote was
itiig in the motion of the
og carried by ,72 to (16.
' <;f minor clauses in the re-
I mcansciunmittee
addition to
'commended
imously decid-
firemen 's
for the dis-
ii by tho brigade for the en-
E Ihe delegates on Thurs-
|||§ij| wer.i then  dlsf^ed  of.    In ni
^^^i tint lii'iuii'i-il d" i-ni-M-imMils rec(
||f|||i in the D'lt'j*', it wns nnimimou
iJlllii ''^ t0 *=*'vu ''*'"'' to.Vancouver
.  1 bonevi-iient fund in return fo
iibatieftlh" oppose!, .ml Trndes and Labor cDiiu'ala in Un ■■ respective localities were u gcd t*** press for legislation,
eS-nbiidii g froe municipal labor bu-
rett us Pqr th'e pufcuoso of registering un*
ompJoycd men mid women, and to seek
the iilmlit icu oft private employment
agencies.
Land Settlement.
The provincial j executive committee
for Ontario will request the government
of that province to give favorable consideration to the advisability of
amending the Colonization act to permit
desirable agricultural settlors with little
or no money to take up homesteads,
farm lands in New Ontario, making
such financial provision as is required
to supply them with their first year's
needs in the way of seed, food, implements, stock and dwellings, the sum advanced for this purpose being chargeable against the homestead, but no payment of principal or interest demanded
during the three years of the homestead
period, repayment to be arranged with
reasonable interest, in yearly payments
from the fourth to eighth years, inclusive.
Time Expired Soldiera.
To provide for time expired soldiers
after the war, the committee advised
that the Dominion government should
be requested to offer as an alternative
to discharge, further enlistment for a
period of five years to such as would
be willing to undertake agricultural
work under the direction of experts
from experimental farms and agricultural colleges. After that time had expired it was proposed that the men
thus trained should have the option of
settlement on suitable sized small holdings improved by their previous labor,
and to ke held on leasehold terms from
the Dominion government. This plan
waa endorsed by the convention.
SATURDAY MOBNINO
At the Saturday morning session, the
convention received a resolution from
a body calling itself the Canada India
committee. It requested that the Congress endorse a proposal to urge upon
the Dominion government to allow the
wives of Hindus to be brought into
Canada.   The request was not endorsed.
Speaking on this subject, Delegate
McVety said their record showed that
the Hindus who have come to Canada
as a class in the community were of
a higher criminal average than other
immigrants. From a labor standpoint,
they were the leaat desirable of all tbe
Asiatics in this eountry. They even
competed, the speaker said, with Japanese and Chinese,in the lumber mills,
and worked1 for aa low as 90 cents per
day.
Federations Retained.
The chief part of the session waa
taken up with discussion of the motion
of Delegate Peebles of Edmonton. The
effect of hia proposal would have been
to abolish the provincial federations of
labor, but the convention -turned it
down. Secretary P. M. Draper reviewed the history of tbe federations and
particularly that of the British Columbia body. He said that tbey had not
attended closely enough to the business
for which they were formed. Really
they were bodies chartered to seek legislation in the interests of the working
class, but they had wandered from their
purpose. There were too many ■■isms"
in them, and too little attention given
to the business which they were formed
to do. If they wished to remain in existence, they would need to change their
methods and he hoped thia attempt to
abolish them would be a leaaon they
would heed with favorable results.
Delegate Gibbons, Toronto, opposed
the federations beeause he believed they
were thirty years ahead of their time.
Delegates McVety, O'Dell, Trotter,
Watchman, Bees and Wells also spoke
on the proposal, the consensus of their
opinion being that while the federations
had defects yet it would not be advisable to go to the drastic point of abolishing them.
Equal Work, Equal Pay.
Delegate Miss H. Guttridge, representing Vancouver Trades and Labor
council, secured an alteration to the
platform of principles of the Congress,
advocating the abolition of child labor
under sixteen years of age and equal
pay for men and women for equal work.
' Prohibition Appeara.
The ways and meana committee re*
commended that inasmuch as the Social
Service Council of Canada has made
prohibition a plank in its platform, the
annual grant of *50 made by the
Congress to that body be not continued,
lest it should be misconstrued. It expressed the opinion that the Congress
Bhould remain neutral on the question
of prohibition.
Delegate Simpson, Toronto, opposed
the recommendation, whieh he believed
would defeat tho object of the commit'
tee. He fully agreed tbat the Congress
should remain neutral on prohibition.
Delegate Pettipiece, Vancouver, made
an amendment that the affiliation of
the Trades Congreaa with the Soeial
Service council be discontinued.
He considered the Congress ahould
steer clear of the methods of the council
and leave labor to do ita own work in
ita own way.
Chairman J. Ralph of the'committee
aald they did not wish the Congress to
express an opinion on the merits or demerits of prohibition, which in their
view wae a matter on whieh the Congress should remain neutral.
THE CLOSING SESSION
The debate continued oa the foregoing question for aome time after the
eonvention gathered in tbe afternoon.
Finally a point of order arose aa to
the position of the varloua motions and
amendments. The matter waa adjusted
by Delegate Pettipiece moving aa a aub-
The Resolution Boiler.
The principle of proportional repre-
htniiui in the Dominion and provincial ures nnd municipal councils
s proposed for the endorsation of the
ngross in a resolution submitted by
L'letaiy Draper, and wass adopted, as
also was the" principle of Single Tax, as
set forth in a resolution by the same
delegate.
In a resolution put in by Calgary
plumbers it was proposed that the
' ndes Congress of Canada exercise all
its power to bring nbout direct labor
representation on all the administrative
bodies of this country by immediately
I'ommeneing a propaganda with the object of accomplishing this end1. The
committee recommended non-concurrence, which was endorsed.
The balance of the resolutions being
then disposed of, the committee on
thanks recommended that the thanks of
the convention bo oxtended to the following: Vancouver and New Westminster city councils, ond the Trades and
.Labor councils of those cities; the press,
Vnncouverf Labor Templo company,
and tho B. C. Consumers' League.
President Watters then adjourned the
convention in a brief appropriate
speech.
DAVID SPENCER, LTO.
1
DAVID aPENCIR, LTD.
Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada
(Continued from Page One.)
imported cheap labor (labor imported
under contract)  were alao   concurred
in.
Canadian Labor Union.
Tbe Canadian Labor union met at
Ottawa, tbe capital of tbe dominion,
in 1874, and through the courtesy of
the then Premier—Bight Honorable Sir
John A. MeDonald—held its three days'
session in room 16 of the house of commons, and during which It changed the
title to that of "The Canadian Congress."
The third of August, 1875, found
the Congress meeting in. tbe City of St.
Catherines. The session also lasted
three days, and the subjects dealt with
were mainly those which had engrossed
the attention of tbe Toronto and Ottawa conventions in 1873 and 1874.
Although tbe city of Toronto waa
chosen as the meeting plaoe for 1876,
there was no session held that year,
not until seven years afterwards. An
epoch of industrial depression was severely in evidence during these days,
and all forms of labor organisation
suffered more or less as a consequence
—even the Toronto Trades assembly
became dormant.
Toronto Tradea Council.
In 1881, however, the International
Typographical union held its annual
session at the eity of Toronto. Taking
advantage of the occasion, the "stalwarts" of that municipality called a
public meeting of working men, at
which most prominent and most elo*
?uent speakers were delegates to the
nternational Typographical union eonvention. The result was aa anticipated
and the Toronto Trades eonncll was
ushered into existence, and has continued doing admirable work ever since.
Despite the fact that "The Canadian
Labor congress" had not held a session since 1878, its usefulness within the
scope of its constitution had not been
lost sight of, and its resuscitation waa
merely a matter of time. Consequently
it was no matter of surprise—Indeed It
waa looked for—when Toronto Trades
and Labor council assumed the responsi*
bility of issuing a call for a trades and
labor congress in that elty, in Decern*
ber, 1883.
Tradu aad Labor Congress
On this occasion aome forty-live delegates were In attendance. The principal subjects whieh called for resolutions at the congress meeting in 1883,
were the organization of tradea councils, extension of magistrates' powers
respecting employees' wages, the Insolvency act, cumulative vote, land grants,
tax exemptions, government aid to colleges, abolition of piece work, board of
arbitration in labor disputes, organisation of female labor, bureau of labor
statistics, the temperance question,
Torrcns' system of land transfer, Employers' Liability act, and factory inspection. The congress adjourned, subject to call again by the Trades and
Labor-couneil of Toronto,
In 1886, Toronto Trades and Labor
council deemed the time opportune, and
again summoned a meeting of the congress, to begin os September 14 of that
year.
Interprovlnclal Session
This was the flrst congress at which
any other province but Ontario was re*
S resented, the city of Quebec sending a
clegate. There were no less than one
hundred and nine delegates at tbis congress ln 1886. Among the principal
subjects considered and passed upon at
the 1886 congress were: Labor representation in parliament and in the legislatures of the different provinces, manhood suffrage, property qualification for
aldermen, amendments to the Munici*
{tal act, the publication of assessment
Ists in cities and towns, the raising of
the exemption of income tax from (400
to (800, the better enforcement of existing'factory laws, and the abolition
of the senate branch of the parliament
of Canada. A resolution waa also concurred in—
That lt 1. the duty of the fov.rnmont to
•neet a law. to r.*al.t« tb. hoars of all
workers In the employment of the state, as
well u the hoori of thoie employed br all
Subtle bodies and eompsnlee and othere ob-
tlnlns contract, or eoneenloni from parlla*
ment, and that elrht houn be the maximum
time of .tke woklnt toy in saeh esies.
Change af Name
At thia session the name of the body
waa changed to that of "The Trades
and Labor Congreaa of the Dominion
of Canada." Subsequently, at tbe congress held at London, Ont,, ln 1896,
the title wu once more changed, this
time to "The Trades and Labor Congreu of Canada,',' which it still retains.
Every year alnce 1886 the congress
has held ita annual sessions regularly,
and widened its scope of deliberation
and action aa tbe exigencies of time
required, endeavoring to keep abreast
with tke great labor world by marching onward along the highway of evolution, change, progress and emancipation.
On the Paelfle Coast
At the 1906 session held ln tke elty
of Toronto, upon the invitation of the
Victoria, B. C. delegation, tbe convention decided to hold lta twenty-second
annual session at the city of Vlotoria—
the capital of the province of British
Columbia.
Besides being the first time the congress met on the Pacific coast, the con*
.ventlon proved an epoch-making one for
the international organised labor move*
ment of Canada, and it has done more
than any other occurrence to cement
.and bind the movement into one solid
phalanx, extending from Sydney, C. B.J
In the extreme east, to Prince Rupert,]
Oilskin Clothing for Men
Reliable New Stock
OILSKIN COATS, |S.0O-**Jacket8 and1 pants in black oilskin,
made especially for men that work in the rain. Price 11.60
a garment; per suit 13.00
MEDIUM" LENGTH COATS—A coat that comes well below
the knees; made of flrst quality blaok oilskin in a soft
glossy finish, oilskin lined to the waist.   Price..... 13.60
FULL LENGTH COATS—First quality soft gloss oilskin *n
black; oilskin lined to the waist; plush lined collars'; an
excellent coat -Mr drivers.   Price  1400
OILSKIN LEGGINGS—Full length black oilskin leggings;
come up to the hips and fasten with belt around waist.
Price  .....  11.00
SOU-WE8TEB HATS—Black sou-wester or squam hats; any
size.   Price ".  38c
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
DAVID •PENCE*, LTD,
B. C, in the far west, the congress having a chain of trades and labor conn-
cils In every live industrial centre covering 3,800 square miles of territory
and an approximate membership of one
hundred thousand. The convention
passed the following, which is termed
as the political policy of the congi-ess
and is recommended to all wage-earn-
ers in Canada for their political guidance and action:
(Concluded next week)
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THE CANADIAN BANK
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OITT BRANCHES LOCATION
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