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The British Columbia Federationist May 21, 1915

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\ S-
 . ,V . ; _ __ '   ^^****^  ' ■        ,
the m simr
j Mining Journal Says Strike
Was Started To Fool
English Investors
Canadian Collieries One Of
Worst Financial Frauds
In The Country
In one of our recent Issues we referred to the nieeting of the stockholders of the Canadian Collieries Company
I   (Dunsmuir)   held in London,  when  it
i was decided to postpone   the   payment
f of interest rather than have a foreclosure.
At the time of the Island strike great
stress was laid upon the actions of the
' "foreign agitator" and the officials of
the United Mine Workers of America
were most severely censured through
the press. The article reproduced below from the Mining, Engineering and
Electrical Record sheds a flood of light
j upon the doings of a "foreign agitator" who was NOT a member of.tue
U. M. W. of A.
( Result of Frenzied Finance.
I "The coal mining industry of British
Columbia is reaping the whirlwind of
• frenzied finance. In 1910 there came
<  along Sir  William Mackenzie and Sir
Donald Mann, who bonded the Duns-
j muir properties on   Vancouver Island
I for $11,000,000, when they were worth
only about half the amount, and as a
matter of fact had just been under option to, and turned down by, the C. P.
P. on a basis of (6,500,000, including
property in San Francisco valued   at
( about $1,000,000.   Mackenzie and Mann
in turn unloaded the property on the
| British investor    on    a capitalization
! stated in Skinner's Mining Manual to
i be $15,000,000 in 50,000    7   per cent.
I cumulative preference, $10,000,000   in
i' 100,000 common shares of   $100 each,
and £2,054,800 5 per cent, first mortgage gold bonds of £20, £100 and £500
each, which were offered for publie sub-
■ Bcription in London in May, 1910, at 95
I per cent.  These sums total a capiatliza-
|j tion of $35,000,000.. Sir William Mackenzie swore in the supreme court at
I Victoria that   of the huge   capitalization only $3,000,000 wag to be    provided as working capital.   If so,   Sir
• William Mackenzie, Sir Donald Mann
I nnd their associates pocketed $21,000,-
i 000 on the transaction, less expenses.
"Foreign" Manager a Ruinous PoUcy.
The company then entered on a policy
, whieh has proved ruinous to the. property and to the coal mining industry.
It appointed W. L. Coulson, a Pennsylvania mine manager, to the charge of
affairs.   Mr. Coulson had also made the
, examination on which the property .was
[ purchased. A British or Canadian ^engineer was not good enough for them, nl-
> though operating for British capital,
and they even or discharged or brought
1 about the resignation of the engineers j
who had managed the properties successfully for years and knew them
thoroughly. There are no better coal
mine operators in the province than J.
Matthews and T. Russell, the managers
of the Cumberland and Extension
mines, respectively, under the Duns-
muirs. Mr. Coulson replaced them with
Pennsylvania managers, several of
whom, on arrival, saw failure in store
for the concern and resigned after
• short term of service.
Why They Use Oil Now.
In an attempt to earn interest on
the bogus capitalization, the prices for
coal were raised to the C. P. R. and
the public, with the result that the C.
P. B. was driven to the use of California fuel oil. Shipping and several industrial concerns followed suit, till now
California oil has displaced about 750,-
000 tons of coal a year on the coast
and thrown about 4,000 coal miners out
of employment.
The Golden Goose.
Steps were taken to elaborately increase the plant and equipment for a
business which was now becoming decadent—the goose that laid the golden
eggB for the Dunsmulrs was killed. The
$3,000,000 of new capital was Spent,
and 50 per cent, more besides. Heavy
steel cars which were too large for the
mine openings nnd Were not economic
to operate, were purchased in large
quantities, and a new mine opened
where it has not been a success.
Strike to Fool the Investors.
It became necessary to flnd some excuse with which to fool the English investors still further, and a labor
trouble, for which there wns neither
necessity or reason, was engineered,
The provincial treasury was put to the
expense of scores of thousands of dol-
larB*to employ special police to guard
tbe mines for the benefit of the little
band of eastern adventurers and frenzied financiers. The locnl managing-
director, A. D. McRne, of Vancouver,
resigned in disgust, and the resignation
of w. L. Coulson, long predicted, Boon
followed. The English Investors were
appealed to to abandon their claim to
a sinking fund in order to enable the
$1,500,000 excess expenditure found to
exist on Mr, Coulson's resignation, to
be financed, and the labor troubles were
the convenient excuse.
Now we find notices in the British
financial papers to the effect that on
account of war conditions meetings of
these same unfortunate investors are
called to extend all payments of interest and sinking fund for another five
The Wu Not to Blame.
This condition of things is a public
scandal. The war has nothing to do
with the company's financial predicament, and it is a piece of rank hypocrisy that the patriotism of the British
Investor should be appealed to under
Bitch conditions, It is time that an investor investigated the matter for himself, punished those responsible and
took steps to recover the amount which
ho hns lost through dishonest financing.
A British capitalist of prominence informed ub that when the atock and
bonds in the Canadian Collieries, Ltd.,
were offered in London they were tied
up with the Canadian Northern Bail-
HOMAS GRAHAM, Chief Inspector of Mines for the
government of British Columbia should be at once removed from offlce by Acting-premier W. J. Bowser,
and proceedings taken against him for complicity in
causing the deaths of the nineteen miners who were
drowned in the mine of the Pacific Coast company at
South Wellington last February 9th. This is the only conclusion to
which any impartial minded man can come if the press reports of
the inquest last Monday are correct. '■'
• • • • •
Cause of Disaster. f j
IT WILL be Temcmbered that the fatality resulted from water
rushing into the South Wellington mine from the old workings
of another mine known as the SouthfjeJd, whioh was immediately adjacent. At the inquest, the plans with which the Pacific Coast
company had been developing its mine were posted on the wall.
Along with them was a plan shewing that part of the Southfield
workings near to the boundary line between the two mines. The
mine surveyor of the Pacific Coast company declared he had) made
his distance calculations on the basis of 100 feet to the inch, which
was the scale to which the plan was drawn,
• * * * .       •
Working To Fake Plans.
WORKING ON that basis he figured th'at about 415 feet still remained between the two workings. That estimate was based on the understanding that the plans of the Southfield mine
were also drawn to a scale of 100 feet to the inch. When the mine
was pumped dry after the fatality it was found'that instead of 415
feet remaining, actually only two feet were left between the two
workings. The reason for the mistake was that the plans for the
Southfield mine had been drawn to a scale of 132 feet per inch, instead of 100 feet as was thought. The plan shewing this fact had
been on file in the department of mines at Victoria for some years.
• • * •     '   •
Graham's Word* Condemn Him.
THIS MIGHT never have been brought out but for the action of
Mr. 3. W. deB. Farris, who appeared, along with other lawyers,
on behalf of the relatives of the dead miners, An adjournment was asked for, to enable the original plan to be procured from
Victoria. That brought Mr. Thomas Graham, chief inspector of
mines, out into the open. He admitted he had that original plan
with him right there. 'He also admitted the following facts under
the examination of Mr. Farris:
Mr. Farris—You have known for over two months that the
oompany had been working on plans drawn to different scales!   <
Mr. Farris—And when you posted up theBe two blue-prints in
court here, both marked 100 feet to the inch, you knew that one
of them was on a scale of 132 Feet to tke inch 7
"And you knew that everyone here in court was misled by
that faot," added Mr. Farris.
The witness said he was not sure that this mix-up in the maps
had been the cause of the accident,
• • • • «!"'.''
IF EVER a man stood convicted by his own words in a public
court it was Chief Inspector Graham when he made the above
admission.   And if there is such a thing as a man being liable
to prosecution for attempting to subvert the course of justice, then
Graham should be prosecuted by Attorney-General Bowser in pursuance of the duties of his office.*
• • • • •
Wai Tool of Companies.
CHIEF-INSPECTOR GRAHAM has long been known as no friend
of the miners, but as being very partial to the coal companies.
One citizen of Nanaimo who was present in the inquest room,
and who did not know inspector Graham, actually asked a bystander
"Who is the tall sandy-haired gentleman acting on behalf of the
Pacific Coast Coal company!" On being told it was Inspector Graham, he said he thought from his actions that he was the solicitor
for the company.
• • • • •
WHILE WE believe Inspector Graham has been guilty of criminal neglect, yet in the last analysis the blame for the disaster lies at the door of the provincial government.
While during the past it has favored the companies in every way
—even to assisting them to the limits of its power to break the late
strike—it has shewn a brutal and callous disregard for the safety
of the miners.
(Ia Vuooam\
Oltjr, 12.00 )
Tbe Metboilst church at Nel
son was burnt down last winter
much to tbe grief of tbe faithful. For a while ther were like
Noah's dote, tbey bad no place
to rest. It wu evident that
could not go On tor long without
seriously endangering tbe eternal
welfare of the citizens of Nelson.
So tbe building committee got to
work and made arrangements to
erect another tabernacle. That
work is now under way. The main
conditions of /the* Job from a
working class standpoint are, nonunion labor, non-union hours—
meaning of course longer hours—
and non-union wages—meaning
shorter Wages. Tbe building
committee consists of business
men and shareholders, They bave
announced tbeir intention to
break unions and to take every
advantage which bard times
girt them of getting men to work
for as low wages as starvation
compels them to do. This is a
true saying and worthy of all acceptance—that the average chapel 'building committee' is among
tbe meanest aggregation on the
face of tbe earth.
$1.50 PER YEAB
Australian  Revolutionaries
Attend Labor Party-
Believed Way Is Cleared
For Co-operation In
Government Should Aot Now.
THE MINERS themselves would have averted this disaster if the
government had adopted their suggestion of making it legal
for the miners to elect their own inspectors. Instead of that
such as Inspector Graham were appointed. They were under tho
thumb of the government whieh,. in turn, was the grovelling slave
of the coal owners. But putting that aside for the present, unless
Attorney-general Bowser wants to prove that there is one law for
the rich and one for the poor he will at once commence proceedings
against the chief inspector of mines, Thomas Graham.
J. W. W.
way, guaranteed by the governmont of
BrltlBh Columbia, and purchasers of
these guaranteed bonds could only obtain them by taking along with them
a proportion of the shares and bonds of
the Canadian Collieries, Ltd.
Bondholders Should Wind Up.
Tbere has been no more soandalous
financial transaction in Canada than
this. The concern cannot possibly be
made a financial success under present
conditions, and instead of extending
tbe payments, the bondholders Bhould
insist on winding it up, eliminating the
watered capital, and placing the property under the management of an
honest and capable British or Canadian
colliery manager. -
Five-Sixths Bogus Capitalisation.
The properties of the company are
valuablo within tbe limits of their coal
reserves, probably worth about a sixth
of the present capitaization of the
company. As it is, a valuable Industry
has been practically throttled, and in
its throes it has adversely affected all
other companies engaged in coal mining.   The advent   of   Mackenzie and
Mann into this industry In British Columbia has been the worst blow experienced by the province financially,
and the iegitimato operator has had to
suffer for it aB well aB tho British investor. Now that an election is coming
on, it is to be hoped the people will
take the opportunity of expressing
their determination to put an end to
the repetition of such disreputable
methods of finance in Brltsb Columbia."
Miners Win Big Ohio Strike.
A settlement of the strike in the
Eastern Ohio coal fields, which has kept
15,000 miners idle for thirteen months
has been reached by tho joint scale
commission representing operators and
miners at the conclusion of their confer*
ence in Cleveland, Ohio.
The operators bave ratified tho settle*
ment, which was on the basis of 47
cents per ton, run of mine, which the
minera have been fighting for.
British Columbia landlords are not
the happiest people in the world theso
days. I,
[Special Australian Correspondence.]
SYDNEY,. N. S. W., May.—During
tho sitting of the New South Wales labor conference last March and the first
week of April, one of the most notice*
able things was'- the admission by
the two socialist' bodies of necessity for comma action.. Representatives of the revolutionary
body attended the moderate—government—conference and addressed the
members. It is thought that the way
afidiffs open for a merging of the'
two bodies into one common fighting
force. Though to be sure there are still
some difficulties in tho way.
Want the Bevolution.
The revolutionary body's delegates
said that the difference was that the
labor party stood for reform while the
extreme body stood for revolution in
the way of replacing class ownership of
industry by social ownership. They
wanted this to come peacefully if possible, and if not that way, then by
The Difference; And Why.
The labor premier, Mr. Holmon, __
reply, said that the points of agreement
between tbe two bodies were greatly in
excess of the points.of difference. He
said that the revolutionary body was
concerned with tbe kind of socialism
they were going to reach, while the gov-
ernment party were more concerned in
reaching it. The labor party was turning its attention to the question of
overcoming the stage of transition.
Naturally there were different ways of
looking at it, and the two parties were
looking at it from two different points
bf view. Education was playing a great
part in enabling democracy to manage
the affairs of government. One of the
things they must not lose sight of was
the fact that they should gain better
natural conditions for the worker, so
that he would havo more time to turn
his attention to the improvement of his
children, the result being the production of a better education for the rising
Development Must Be Gradual.
In his opinion the extreme body of
socialists should concentrato their attention upon the new industries that
modern science was bringing into ac*
tlon. A case in point was tho urging
of the government tn take over the gas
Industry. But why do thiB when the
government had control of electricity,
which in its own time in the nenr future would replace gas, thus compelling
It to die a natural death. Thero must
be gradual development, and the pre*
mier asked the extremists not to be impatient with the government in its progress. They nil hoped to reach tho
same gonl and he hoped they would- get
there. Ho wns glad to see tho extremists nt the conference, since it looked as
if, nt lust, all would mergo for the com
mon good. W. F. AHEEN.
"If there is no employment at this time of the year what will
it be like this winter?" observed one of the Labor Temple business
agents yesterday morning, as The Federationist representative
trooped in; after listening to gloomy stories from previous advertisers for two hours. "There is absolutely nothing doing among the
building trades and we might as well make up our minds to beat it.
But where the —— to beat it to is what is bothering me. It seems to
be about the sarnie every place else, as near as I call learn," continued the trade union officia'.who, a little more than a year ago, was
busy looking after the interests of a working membership of more
than 400, but who is to-day off the payroll and sticking round the
Labor Temple for the Bake of a more convenient plaoe to put in
time. *
No Improvement. -
Detailed reports made at last meeting of Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council indicate little or no improvement in the situation
among the skilled trades, while the plight of the unorganized is, in
many cases, pitiable. Practically every union in the city and province has reached the limit of its financial resources, in an endeavor
to provide for their unemployed. During the winter months it had
been hoped that with the opening of outdoor work in the spring an
opportunity to work out the "dead horse" would be provided. But
disappointment has been the sum total of such expectations.
In South Vanoouver.
The Federationist can best describe the conditions in South
Vancouver by quoting from one of the local morning dailies:
"Though only half of the money loaned to South Vancouver municipality, for relief purposes, haB been spent, it appears
to have done very little towards feeding the hungry in a large
sense. There is still a great deal of distress in South Vancouver
and large numbers of idle men clamor loudly for a few days'
work in order to earn enough to provide their families with
food. The wolf of starvation is sniffing at many a door in the
municipality and if something is not done in the way of relief
pretty soon things will be in a very bad way indeed."     .
What Is To Be Done?
Based upon an experience of more than twenty years in this province the writer has never known of so muoh poverty and wretchedness. Every day the Labor Temple is beseiged with applicants
seeking an opportunity to earn a living for themselves, their wives
and their families. Actual starvation ia only prevented by that
despicable term charity. One may theorize all they wish about how
the workers' stomachs must be pinched before they will commence
to think and turn sooial revolutionists. But present-day experience
is proving unequivocally that hunger is having the very opposite
effect. There are thousands of men and women-in B.O. today who
have been .compelled by sheer force of circumstances to not only
undersell eaeh other, but offer their bodies, either in war or prostitution, in return for food for themselves and those dependent upon
them. It takes a lot of this sort of "glory of empire" to make a
meal. The workers have nothing but their appetites. They are
unarmed, defenseless and divorced from the means of wealth production. They have legislatively delegated their collective power
to representatives of the propertied class that lives npon the exploitation of wage-workers. And there the workers are! Helpless
because powerless. Those in the Labor movement who havet in
years past, boasted that the workers of this province would never
consent to starve to death, may have to revise their opinions. What,
in the name of Labor, is to be the outcome of it all?
Central Labor Body Will Try Again.
Sinco the abovei wps written the Parliamentary committee of
Vancouver Trades and Labor council has decided that one more
effort should be made by organized labor to have the provincial government undertake publio works whioh will result in preventing the
starvation of women and' children without recourse to unmasked
charity. The result of the committee's recommendation is reported
in last night's proceedings of the central labor body, elsewhere in
this issue.
Will Send Delegation To
Ask Government To
Start Work
Also To Remove The Chief
Inspector of Mines
From Office
Only ft Draft as Yet, and Too Uncertain
of Amendment to Take Seriously,
Several renders of The Fed. have
written asking that copies of the new
B.C. Workmen's Compensation Act be
forwarded them, and1 in most cnseB they
seem to assume that tho legislation has
become law. This is a mistake. Tho
proposed draft was merely introduced
nt the close of tho last legislature and
will lay on tho table until next session.
Meantime it is proposed to have suggestions for improvement from both organized labor and the employers of the
province.- Even then there is no certainty thnt the amended act will be
accepted nnd passed by the government.
Tho time for congratulation ie not yet.
Best to wait and see. Tho old act is
too crude and impracticable to bother
Labor Convention Monday.
The thirteenth annual convention of
the Labor Association of Ontario will
convene on Monday, at St. Catherines,
Ont. Last year the energy of the move-
meat was centered on the Workmen's
Compensation Act.
Chinese Capturing Many of  Cheaper
A sparse attendance of members were
present when the regular weekly meet-'
ing of Local No. 28, Cooks, Waiters
and Waitresses' union, was called to order at 8:30 Friday night in Room 200,
Labor Temple, Pres. C. Davis in the
chnir. Five candidates were present
for initiation and were duly obligated.
Outside of routine matters the only
business transacted of any importance
was tbe nomination of candidates for
the forthcoming parliamentary election,
the slate to be submitted by Local No.
28 being made up as follows: For Vancouver City: J. H. McVety, J. W. Wilkinson, F. A. Hoover, Trotter, Lyon and
Benson. For South Vancouvor: Harry
Neelands.   For Richmond: Wilton,
Despite the wretched business conditions prevailing just now the local
Chinese are gradually getting a strangle
hold on the cheap restaurant trade of
tho city, the following places havin^
boen taken over by Chinamen within
the past two or threo woks: Tho Paris
Cafe, and tho Cordova Hotel Cafe. At
the present rate of progress Vancouvor
is within mcasurnblo distance of tho
time when tho entire restniirnnt, nnd n
good deal of the hotel diningroom trnde
will be in Oriental hands exclusively—
a condition of affairs which could not
exist for one moment but for the pu-
tronnge and encouragement of the
white mon and women who make tho
operation of these Asiatic awont-Bhops
Tho signing up of that popular
hostelry the Irving hotel, is a guarantee
that Vancouvor will hnve at least one
thoroughly modern, up-to-date and progressive hotel. Convention nnd entertainment committees please note,
Barbers' Smoker.
The Barbers' union pulled off a swell
smoker in the Labor Tomplo on Wednesday Evening. An orchestra, boxing
bouts, songs nnd refreshments, with a
jolly crowd of tonsorial artists and
their friends, made everybody happy
and tho better for having been present.
Fred Oocroft Missing.
Fred Cocroft, woll known in tho locnl
building trade, and lately residing nt
Colllngwood East, is listed ns "missing" as the result of recent lighting in
which the Canadians took part in Europe.
Provisional Arrangements Made for a
Busy Week.
A grand get-together on Monday
evening, an excursion up to Indian
river and lunch nt the Wigwam on
Wednesday afternoon and evening, and
an auto party round Stanley Park and
Murine Drive on Friday afternoon, waB
the entertainment programme formally
discussed at last Wednesday evening's
nieeting of the central labor body
Trodes and Labor Congress of Canada
convention committee, for Congress
week in Sepotmber. However, nothing
definite will bo fixed upon until tho
entertainment sub-committee makes a
further report. Dels. Sully, McVety
nnd Brooks constitute the finance committee and will devise ways and means
of raising further funds, between now
and next meeting. Secretary Brooks
wns instructed to advise Secretary-
Treasurer P. M. Draper, that the Hotel
Irving had been designated as oflicinl
headquarters, it being the only all-union
house of the kind in Vancouver. Tho
badge committee reported that thoy
would have u design ready to submit
ut next meeting. Del. Wand of the
Bricklayers' union was selected m
chairman of tho accommodation sub
committee. Del. Davis, of tho Bartenders' union, took the plnce of Del,
Curnock on tho gcnerul committee. It
was decided ot meet again on Wednesday evening, June 2, at 7 o'clock, in
room 217, Labor Templo.
Half Time for Civic Employees.
Business Agent Sully of the Civic
Employees' union, onco more appeared
before tho board of works during tho
week nnd asked that the old-time employees of the city be placed on full
time, inasmuch as present conditions
seemed to have nssumed a permanent
nature Tho request was refused on
the grounds that somo effort must bo
made to provido at least a meal ticket
for as many of tbe unemployed ns
Longshoremen's Smoker.
The local branch of the International
Longshoremen's association held a
rousing smoker in Labor Templo on
Tuesday evening, which wns largely attended. Modnls, won by the Longshoremen's football team, wero distributed
during tho evening to the winners by
Pres. Leith of the local Footbnll association.
The regular bimonthly jneeting of
Vancouver Trades and Labor council
opened at S o'clock last night with a
fair attendance of delegates.
Parliamentary Committee Report
The Parliamentary committee recom-
mended that a systematic campaign ba
started by organised labor to secure
the success of money by-laws, which are
to be submitted to the electors; in order that more employment may be provided for some of the workless men in
the city. The recommendation wu
adopted. It was also recommended Mat
a committee of three be eleoted to interview Acting-Premier Bowser with
regard to the prevailing and increasing
unemployment, urging that publie
works be started immediately to relieve
the situation; also to request the Act-
ing Premier tb remove from office Chief
Inspector of Mines Thomas Graham
for his conduct in attempting to deceive
the jury at the recent inquest on the
miners who were drowned in the disaster at South Wellington last February. This was adopted, after several
delegates had voiced their opinion of
the action of Chief Inspector Graham
in very definite and emphatic language.
The Elected Delegation.
To make up the above delegation the
following were nominated, Sully.
Gutteridge, MeVety, Estinghausen and
Welsh. The subsequent ballot came
out Sully 19, Gutteridge 27, Esting-
hauser 8, McVety 22, Welsh 9. Delegates Gutteridge, MoVety and Sully
were elecetd.
Tradei Congreu Committee.
The oommltte reported progress, and
stated that plans were going ahead for
the reception and entertainment of the _.
forthcoming convention of the Tradea
and Labor Congress of Canada.
President's Report
President MeVety reported that he
had investigated the rumor that money
was being collected in New Westminister by unauthorised persona to aasiat
[Vancouver Trades and Labor couneil in
ka provincial- -riectkm campaign. H«
'had not been able to discover that there
was any truth in the rumor. He had
also taken up with the immigration department and Mr. H. H. Stevens, M.
P., the matter of M. J. Flyrik, an officer of the United Mine Workers of America, being refused admission to Ca- .
nada on a visit for official business.
The result had been that the authorities had agreed to admit Mr, Flyzik,
on the understanding that the council
would be answerable for' his action
while in Canada.
Reports of Unions.
Cigarmakers said conditions were
bad. Only a few had jobs and they
were working half time. They would
like local unionists to buy union made
cigars; Sheet Metal Workers and Electrical Workers had had some trouble on
the work being done here for the Wool-
worth firm. They had taken the matter
up with the eastern office of the Wool-
worth firm and had secured a satisfactory settlement locally. Plumbers were
still fighting the attempt to drop their
wages from 65 per day. Musicians said
the Canadian Pacific Bailway company
had brought an orchestra from England
for the Vancouver hotel, although many
musicians are out of work bere. Some
picture shows were employing nonunion musicians and a list would be
supplied. Cooks reported very poor
New Busineu.
Under this head Delegate Sully
moved that the action of the city council in refusing to submit the question
of building a new city hall to the electors be condemned. The same committeo which was appointed to interview
the provincial government was instructed to take this question up with the
city council. This committee was also
instructed to interview Mr. H. H.
Stevens, M. P., and suggest that unemployed foreigners be returned to
their homo countries by tho federal
government. It wns stated thnt nonunion mon were being employed on
building work being dono for tho World
nnd the News-Advortiser. A motion
wns mado to ask tho press to givo publicity to this matter. An amendment
wns mado to tako tho matter up with
the newspapers in question. Tho motion prevailed. Dolegnte Wand stated
tnht in his opinion nit work being done
or about to be done for the federal government should bo dono by British subjects. It wns stated thnt men had been
brought into tho city by tho firm which
is to build tho new grain elevator. Tho
whole question was referred to the committee entrusted with other matters
mentioned above. That committee hns
alrendy wired Acting Premier Bowser
asking for an interview on tho various
matters which it has to tako up with
Bricklayers Lost in Lusitania.
The locnl union of Bricklayers in Toronto hns been called upon to mourn
tho loss of two members in tho Lusi-
tnnin tragedy in the persons of Harry
Long and William Gough, Both had
been members of the B. and M. U. for
a term of moro thnn ten years. Secretary Joe Bamber says that times in tho
craft were never so bad as at tho pro-
sent timo.
Organiser Kinney Goes East.
Aid. Kinney, of Edmonton, Alberta,
gonerul orgnnizer for the U. B. of C.
nnd J. who has been on the coast for
the past few weeks on official business
loft for home on Tuesday evening, accompanied by Mra. Kinney. From Edmonton, Org. Kinney will proceed to
Calgary. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY ............ MAT 21, 1915
93 Brandies in Canada
A general banking business transacted. Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital
Total Assets - -
. | 11,800,00
. 110,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
bualneaa will be welcome be It largo or
,   ..$80*000,000
Your Banking
The Bank ot Toronto offers to
all business people tho advantage
of its most complete and modern
banking service. Many years of
experience in Canadian Banking,
largo resources, ample banking
facilities, carefully chosen connections, and the service of env
eient and accurate officers are
somo of the advantages gained
by transacting your banking affairs with this Institution.
Paid-up Capital..
Reserved Funds.,
Comer Hastings and Cambie Sta.
Comer Hastings and Carrall Sts.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities la Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stook aid
roultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 118 acres
to Actual Settlers—
TERMS—Residence on the land
for at least three years; improvements to the extent of 85 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least live aoreo.
For further information apply to
A paid-up union card entitle*
you to all the privileges of the
Labor Tomple Club.   Top It.
Publlihed every Friday morning by the
B. C. Federationlit, Ltd.	
S. Para Pettlpleoe Manager
f: y-jyfffrfkyv ■"■ ■. ■. o»• *o■•*_*___*_
Offlce: Room 217. Labor Temple
Tel.  Exchange Sey. 7495.
W. G. Barker ". Advertising Manager
Subscription: $1.60 pet year; in Vancouver
City, $2.00; to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00.
New Weit mini ter.. ,W. E. Maiden, Bos 884
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 581
Victoria   .A. S. Weill. Box 1588
Affiliated with tbe Western Ubor Prut
"Unity of Labor; the hope of the world."
FRIDAY      MAY 21, 1915
tho mining diatiater at South
Wellington, na recommended by
the jury at tbe inquest this week, would
be nothing short of an impudent farce
in face of the re-
velutions brought
forth. The evidence points out one
course, and . one
course only, for the
government to pursue if it has any intention of even trying to give the miners of this province1 anything like an
honest deal. That course is plainly
stated on our front page this week, and
according as the government adopts
or rejects our suggestion so may the
working class of British Columbia
judge of the government's sincerity.
e • • • <
An investigation, such as was recommended is nothing more than a clumsy
and transparent excuse for putting the
whole thing off until the memory of
it has passed from the public mind.
Then some formal and meaningless report could be brought in. That report
would most likely be one either actually prepared by, or at least pereviously
submitted to the chief inspector of
mines. It would be an insult to the
dead, and a mockery to those they have
left behind. It is up to Attorney-general Bowser to act, and in drastic
fashion too. He is master in the premises just now and has ample reason to
use the knife. Let him use it, even
though the man upon whom he will
have to operate is supposed to be either, some kind of a relative or at least a
very particular pet of Sir Richard Mc.
THE ARGUMENT AGAINST compulsory state insurance of workmen, against accidents sustained
by them during the course of their employment, which was put forward at a
recent   meeting   of
Vancouver     Trades
-    and   Lal)or   council
-WORKMEN'S   by Mr. A. s.MBt.
COMPENSATION thew, manager of
the Guardian Casualty company, does not strike us as a
very powerful indictment at all. That
may not be Mr. Matthew's fault. As
the representative of the insurance interests he has a very valuable economic
interest at stake, which will be practically confiscated by tine state if a Workmen's Compensation act based on the
principle of the bill which now HeB on
the table of the provincial legislature,
becomes law. For that reason it waB
hardly to be expected that he would
prove able to consider suoh a measure
from' a' strictly impartial and unbiassed
viewpoint. But we did expect that his
argument would jirove a more effective
one from the standpoint of the insurance inetrests. Instead of that it
seemed to us singularly weak and lacking in 'f-punch."' Ahd we venture* the
opinion that, if organized labor has no
stronger contentions io meet than those
mnde by Mr. Matthew, it will have no
great cause for alarm.
• * t       ■ #
Most of his arguments seem to suffer
from old age, particularly the first one,
wherein he says:
- It may be that in the forward
march of civilization the state can
with advantage play a more important part in our national life.
He, however, does not consider that
the time is ripe yet for such a move,
because politics are too rotten and corrupt. Even so, his contention is hopelessly belated in view of the happenings in Great Britain since last August,
where the state hns taken charge of
most of those industrial activities
which were formerly considered most
effective in private hands, but which
proved entirely inadequate when the
test camo. Banking was saved from
bankruptcy, railways were turned into
a publie service, shipbuilding and armament manufacture were placed under
state control and direction. The Defence of the Realm act practically abrogated all private rights should the state
see lit to apply it fully. Shipping was
insured by the government up to 80 per
the Essential Requirement
of the Experienced Investor
Conservative investors seeking safety nnd a good return will
Und the B.C. Municipal Bonds we handle to be a safe and
profitable investment.
As Fiscal Agents we offer to-day, City of Salmon Arm debentures at a price to yield 7% per cent, net, interest payable
half yearly.
Circular on request.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Patrick Donnelly-General Manager
cent. All those setps wero taken as a
sweeping measure for the stute insurance of capital. Surely if it is practicable for the state to insure the lives
of ships nnd such things, it iB not illogical or undesirable to insure the
lives and limbs of workmen against
the casualties of the daily' industrial
warfare which never censes.
# #        *        »
Ab to the danger of political corruption, we do not believe that it could interfere with workmen receiving the
compensation due to them, once that
was definitely laid down and specifically stated. The evil of having to
fight insurance companies and lawyers
is infinitely greater. Both, at present,
make workmen's compensation a
gamble. The companies make a business of taking a chance of defeating a
workingman claimant in the courts.
The lawyers will only consent as a rule
to contest a case when they feel sure
that n judgment will be given whieh
will cover their foes. To judge' from
Mr. Matthew's argument, one might
gather that the insurance people wero
fighting the proposed principle chiefly
out of nn altruistic desire to prevent
workingmen from being deprived of
something of value.   He Bays:
The common law was created for
the  equal protection  of    all citizens.   Under the proposed bill the
worker's right of a common law
remedy is taken away, but the employer's common   law   remedy re*,
mains intact.    The employer    can
claim against the workman for any
amount if the workman negligently injures him, but if the employer
negligently inures hia employee,'the
latter must take the small amount
of compensation Axed in the state
compensation act and cannot take
action at common law and have his
claim assessed by a jury.   The law
which has been   created   for the
equal protection of all citizens is
rendered   inoperative   when   that
citizen is a worker.  I think that is
a very pernicious provision.
That argument may appeal to those
who believe—or profess for    ulterior
reasons to believe—that there is any
practical value in the theory that all
men are equal before the law.   But it
does not square with the experience of
working men   fighting   the insurance
companies in the courts.
• *        «        *
Why not strip the whole business of
all such make-believe and specious appeal, and say frankly what is known
to be the real reason for the opposition
bf the insurance inetrests. They know
just as well as we do that the principle of state insurance of working men
against accident and death will be a
fatal blow to a very considerable and
lucrative portion of their business. So
do the lawyers. But neither say so.
For that reason it is all the more necessary that organized labor should keep
that aspect of the question well to the
front. There is not one argument cited
by Mr. Matthew, or by anyone else up
to the present, which was not brought
forward by the highly- skilled advocates
of the Manufacturers! association' when
the new workmen's compensation acts
of Ontario and Nova Scotia were still
in committee stage. Tet those acts
were passed and are fast proving the
wisdom of the steps which brought
them into being. Down at bottom it
resolves itself into a question of eliminating wastage. That wastage consists
pf premiums paid to insurance companies and fees to lawyers, both of
whom are deprived of handsome pickings by the introduction of the principle of'state insurance of workmen
against disease, accidents and death in-
currei in industry,
HON.- W. J.  BO\VSEB announced
last week that the 154 Germans
and Austrians who have   been
brought down from Fort George district
are to" be interned at Vernon.    They
will be set to work
CHEAPER THAN on   the £overnraent
_______ ___       roiid,    which    runs
HIRING THE {nm    Edg0WOod   to
UNEMPLOYED Vernon. They will
be allowed, besides
board and lodging, a remuneration of
25c per day, the scale set by the Hague
convention. Some 300 enemy aliens are
already working there. Bill must have
rubbed his hands with great glee when
he got the, notion. So cheap. So patriotic. And it will save having to pay
out good government money at the rate
ol! JS per eight hour day to those loafers, the unemployed. Next to convict
tabor it would be. hard to beat it in its
own particular Hue. *
the illegal and fraudulent    transfers.
The point is that both of the old political parties are represented among
thoBe who have benefitted by the
THE B.C. WE8TEEN Catholic had
another pop at ub last week,
and is very anxious to know
who '' the high church dignity'' is who
told us the B.C, Western Catholic does
not express the officii 0 WESTERN iul ViUW" °f thfl
B. O.  WESTERN flhupch ^   excflpt
CATHOLIC at   BUch   tim0B   a8
CALLS AGAIN, articles signed by
the clergy appear in
its columns.We do not intend to-give
his name. That would spoil everything.
But we will say this: that if the B. C.
Western Catholic proposed to enter'into
a controversy with us, dealing with the
relations between the church ahd the
working. clnss, .both in times gone by
and also at the present day,1 that same
dignitary would put his foot down very
quickly on the B.C. Western Catholic.
He has sufficient authority—particularly
at the present-time—to do it. There,
now it Bhould be easy Tor our contemporary to figure it out.
When the wicked man turneth away
from his wickedness and doeth that
which is lawful and right he shall save
his soul alive—but he will certainly
have to get out of office and quit politics. ,
That "too old at forty" cry has sustained yet another blow. The British
military authorities have announced
this week that men up to forty years
of age are eligible for enlistment for
service in the field nrmies.
are making a plaintive appeal to the public just now,
asking for custom which formerly went
to the Chinese. People who jump to
conclusions might
think the object of
the appeal is to
benefit the laundry
owners. But it appears that auch is
not the case. The real intention is to
find employment for the hundreds of
white girls who are out of work. It Ib
a piece of pure undiluted philanthropy
on the part of the laundry proprietors.
« » t . «
But it was not ever thus. We recollect about eighteen months ago Vancouver Trades nnd Labor council made
a strong attempt to organize the laundry workers. Some of the girls were
getting as low as $4 per week then, and
very few indeed of them got enough to
live on as a woman should be able to
do. At the flrst organization meeting
seventy men, women and children—yes,
'' children,'' for some of them were no
more—attended, and things looked very
promising for the formation of a good
strong union.
#        *        »   '    «
However, the laundry owners got
wind of the proposal, and ln some of
the bigger laundries particularly, the
girls were either brought into the office
or told through the foreman and forewomen that they could make up their
minds which they preferred to do, give
up the union idea or quit their jobs.
The result was that at the second organization meeting instead of seventy
being present there were about seven.
Poor as their wages were, the only
thing between them and starvation was
their jobs. Puff paragraphs in the
daily newspapers may impress the public, but they do not go with ub, because
we know from practical facts and experience just how much real regard the
laundry owners have for the material
welfare of their female employees.
Their object is business, and if they
could carry on business without hiring
nity help at all they would be glad to
do it.
strikes tts as being worth a pretty big pinch of salt. "Bob"
Rogers is the power behind the Conservative machine there just as much as
ever, and it does not strike us that he
quit dead cold. It
is evident there are
two big things
which will occupy
the political arena
there for some time
to come yet. One is the graft scandals
in connection with the contract for the
parliamentary buildings and the other
is an unemployed situation which is absolutely beyond the power of the-provincial government to handle.
•        *        *      , •
The Conservatives have got out of
office to dodge both. When the time
comes for laying the blame for the first
there will be none of those in office who
are responsible and it will bo like
striking at the Wind. The Liberals
cannot do any more for the unemployed
than the Conservatives and will soon
get themselveB in bad for that reason.
Then when both the scandals and the
unemployment have passed away
"Bob's" Bteamroller will again
fired up for another trip.
McBride haB gone to the headquarters of the Canadian' army in Europe. If it could only be arranged for
him to make two or three of his political speeches to tbe Germans the allies
might get a whole bunch of prisoners
who would sooner bo interned than
have to listen to our champion B. C.
Says the Victorian:
Mayor Planta, the Conservative
nominee of Nanaimo, and at pre:
sent mayor of the city, Is looking
for a new cemetery site. What does
this meun?
The    McBride-BowBer    methods    of
regulating mines causes    a wonderful
prosperity in the undertaking business.
Twelve funerals in the last two weeks
and seven more in sight.
The News Advertiser of lust Wednesday, said that Sir Richard McBride is
going to Paris
.... where he would consult with
officials of the French government
on the question of British Columbia
tinned salmon being placed on the
list of army rations of that country.
What is the fellow, nnyhow! A
drummer for the cannery proprietors
who employ only Oriental labor.
Even a demagogue has to be careful
what he Bays, or he may tell the truth
at any-moment.
If it be true that worse conditions
make better rebels, then pretty nearly
two-thirds of the working class of North
America should be in revolt at this
.Elbert Hubbard knew enough about
William Morris to, be able to imitate
him but not to be in the least like him.
Morris waB a craftsman artist. Hubbard was a crafty' artisan.
If McBride coul4 only be given a
chance to make a speech to the Germans
when he gets to France the British
would not need to prepare any chemical
gas to cope with the enemy.
The Liberal party in Manitoba appealed to the electorate last June on a
platform which included Woman's Suffrage. Now that the party is in office
it will be interesting to watch what it
does. Tho result will be very important
to women all ov.er Canada.
Three hundred of "our allies"—Russians—-who were found starving in Vancouver last week by the police would
vory likely be glad to swap places with
alien enemies" who are certain of
three peals, a bed, and 25 cents wag<->s
every day.
The rotten Conservative government
has resigned from offlce in Manitoba,
nnd the Libernls have been entrusted
with the job of running affairs. We
have. not seen a copy of their platform
yet, but it will almost certainly contain
a pledge to promote purity in politics
and to give the people a square deal.
Having carried out those usual formalities then the new party will be free to
go-ahr-ad and try to excel the malefactions of its predecessors.
Speaking editorially of the recent
rcvulations concerning land frauds in
British Cplumbia, the Christian Science
Monitor, Boston, says: •
Through some of the lowest
forms of corruption the people of
British Columbia have, temporarily nt lecst, been deprived of their
inheritance. There is nt present a
popular demand for restitution,
and one that is not likely to be
quieted or silenced until it is fully
made. It will be difficult, of course,
to prevent tho matter from getting
into politics, but there is no liftfe
consolation fer British Columbians
in the fact that neither of the political parties enn afford to protect
The concluding part of the verdict
at the South Wellington mine disaster
inquest says:
"We are unable   to place   the
blame at present on any party or
parties but would strongly recommend that the Provincial government take immediate steps to have
a re-survey taken and hold a rigid
examination and if possible ascertain who is responsible for the lamentable catastropne and place the
blame to the right parties."
How any gathering   of   intelligent
men could come to such a conclusion
in face of the evidence passes our understanding.
Westminster Trust Co.
3. A. EENNIE. Sec-Treta.
3. 3. JONES. Man. Director.
at a Big Reduction
Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent at $2.50 np
Wills Drawn Free of Charge
Deposits Accepted ud interest at Four Per Cent. Allowed
on Bail]. Balances.
Ask for Labor Temple  -Phon. Exchange,
Seymour .7.98   (nnl.ii   otherwise  attted).
Bartender.—Geo. W. Curnook, Room 80S.
Bricklayer.—Wm. B. Dagnall, Room 315..
Cooke, Walters, Weltreaaea—Room 203;
Andy Graham;   phono  Bey.  8414.
Kluctrlcnl Workers (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207.
Eleotrleal Workera (Inilde)—P. L. Eating,
hausen, Room 207.
Engineer, (ateam)—Room 316; E. Frender*
Laborers—John Sully, Room 220.
Longahoremen'o   Aaaoelatlon —  Offlee,   145
Alexander Btreet; F. Payne;  phon.   Bay.
Mnalelana—H, J. Brasfleld, Rooms 804*306,
Labor' Temple.
Btreet Railway Employees—Fred. A, Hoover;
phone Sey. 608.
Typographical—R. H. Neelanda, Rooms 212-
Allied Printing Tradea Connell—R. B. Nee.
lands, Box 06.
Barben—8. E. Grant, 688 Georgia strut.
Bartenders*—Oeo. w. Curnocn, Room
101, Labor Temple.
Blacksmiths — Malcolm Porter, View
Hill P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue out.
RoileitnaKi-ra—A. Fraeer. 1161 Howe St.
Brewery Worken—Frank Graham, Labor
Brloklayers—William B. Dagnall, Room
816, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Counoll—F. L. Barratt, Boon 303, Labor Templo.
Clgarmaken—Oare Kurti Cigar Faotory, 72
water Stnet.
Cooks, Walten, Waltrmea—Andy Graham,
Room 200, Labor Temnle.
Electrical Worken (ontalde)—E. H. Morrison, Room 807, Labor Temple.
Electrical Worken (Inaide)—Room 807: F.
L. Estinghausen.
Engineers—E. Prendergut, Room 313, Labor Temple.
Oranlte cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment Workera—Labor Temple.
Horseohoere—Labor Temple.'
Letteroarrlera—Robt. Wight,
District 38.
Room 220, La-
New Verb—To Sundayise.
Observing the success of the Billy
Sunday methods in *hc matter of conversion, it is suggested that the attempt
be made to apply the same methods to
othor church, ceremonies nnd nctivities,
proposing the following formulas; *
PaBtor (christening infant)—"What
do you want to call this hunk of excess
bacrgnge, Bo?"
Presiding Parson—"What miserable
mutt giveth this skirt to be married to
this gink!" .The Bride' Father—"I'm
the guy."
Industrious Usher—" Slide, you ice-
carts!   Slide!"
Passing the Plate—"Come across
with the iron-men, you low-lived tight
Sunday School Superlnetndent—"All
of you little flivvers that want to swat
Satan, stand on one leg."
Omar Khayyam To Date.
"A Book of   Versos   underneath the
'•B.C. Special,"a Loaf of Bread—and
Beside me singing in the WildernesB*
Ob, Wilderness were Paradise enow!"
Peggy—You should have seen daddy
when I told him that I weighed 130
stripped for gym.
May—Why, what did he sayf
Peggy—Sayf   Why.he looked dazed,
and theu yelled, "Who in biases is
Be sure and patronize thoso who patronize Tho Fed. by advertising in it. "
Ask you favorite mixologist for "B.
C. Special.'' Oovernment inspected and
absolutely pure. *"
Whenever you can consistently do so,
when you require anything you see advertised in The Foderationist, be sure
and explain that you saw his ad. in The
Federatlonist, and that it was because
of that that he is patronized. Don't
forget this. *"
What is so rare as a day in June!
And what Ib so rare as a cup of de-.
lieious coffee, served with real cream f
That's what you can get at the Good
Eats Cafe, 110 Cordova street.
The Man who doesn't put by ft bit
from bis wages for hlmielf eaoh pay
day has bat himself to blame If hli
old age Is spent In poverty.
Reference—Dunn's, Bradstreeti, or
•ny Financial    House of   repute   tn
Trust Company
122 Hastings St. West.
Vancouvtr, and  McKay Station,
Burnaby, B. O.
Laborers—George Harrison,
bor Temple.
Lathers—Victor R. Mldgley, Labor Temple.
Locomotive Firemen and Engineers—O. Howard, 007 Davie street.
Loco.  Engineers—A.   E.  Solloway,   1031
Pacific.   Tol. Sev. SMIL.       ••     '
Longshoremen—P. Payne, 10 Powell itreet.
Machinist*—J. H. McVety,    Anom   ill.
Labor Tomple.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Booms 104*905,
Labor Temple.
Marbleworkers—Frank   HaU,   Janes   Road,
B. O.
Moving Picture Operators—L, B. Goodman, Labor Temple.
Painters—J.   Train,   Room   808,'   Labor
Plumbers—Room 808 1-3, Labor Temple.
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Tempi*.
Plasterers—John   James   Cornish,   1809
Eleventh Ave. East.
Pattern Makers—J.  Campbell,  4869 Argyle Street. I
Quarry Workers—Jamea Hepburn, ears
Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A.   E.    MeCorvllle,
Box 248.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,   420  Nelson
Btreft i
Seamen's Union.
Structural Iron Workers—Room 808, Labor
Stonecuttew—Jamea   Raybura,   P.   O.   Box
Sheet Metal Workers,
Street Railway Employees—James E. Grfffln,
IM Twenty-fifth evenne eaat.'
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province,
City. ,»,i|
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 482.
Tradea and Labor CouncU—Geo. Bartley,
Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 68.
Tailors—C. MoDonald, Box ROS.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Oeo. W. Allln,
Box Til.
Tllelayers   and   Helpers—Evan Thomas,
Labor Temple.
 leeis nrat and third Thursdays, axe-
outlye "ward: Jas. H. MoVety, president,
F. L, Mtlughauaen, vioepr.e dint* Ueo
Bartley, tumoral secretary, 810 Labor
mSP'V _"•" H- Omierliie, ueeiSu;.
J^L^'i^l",! ""laUohuii sergeeS**'
8n"5"'J*o? Safe A. J. Crawford, Fred.
Knowles, W. R. Trotter, trustees,
„„..?»,!"  "coond  Monday In  tbe
_______$____*' ,Mr"*"•
«_."Se' 9mm tot Labor Temple. Meeta
P P8l1?v„„J l,oh PP"-"- »"lden"
«v -j; ^avlcue; flnanclal seoretary. Geo
W. Curnock, Room >08, Lator -Smniii"0-
R*-ga?i'inI?0ii 6?' a»**olal s.w.y,ry; F.
snd Iron Ship   BuilderTlnd  H?lb5i
ol America,   Vancouver  Lodge   So.   1*2
MeeU  Un.  and   third  MonJay.fi i _T
L™'£„ -.A. "SE^ «s.»« «;»•'•.*
seoretary, A. Fraier, 1151 Bows
nue west;
l. 8:»0 p. m„ Labor Tamp].. A Or."
SSf- ,b,1!lllMJ! raP.raa.ntaUv«. 6a« * __
?„»• „L*b« T«npl..   Hour.:   «*80 ,. 5°C£ i
m'JLH &&."■»{,WPl«M!t help funUhed
on aftort notice.   Phona ee-rmom. 8414^
ond and fourth Thuraday ol ui • ,<l ■
F. L. Barrett; truaunr, Wj'T. ItokrLE
iS, -\eT—J—*\ -*.—— toil «
■rat and third Taasdar ot each Month.
—MeeU room ani  t^i...- !£!:_.. • V°
307, Ubor Tempi..
H-- «--    -~~m v .mt g
■ Morrison, Room
"""lASSS?8, ,BUiy>»*a AND OOMMON
.....  .LS.°*,1!»ri   Onion, No. flt—Meats fltatW*.
ftSfld51t'Uiff ?,' t**. ?'»*£& f«Sl.'
rreiident, 18. O. Apnliby, UD p.ndrlll A< •
'•"••*7,, 0»'O Harriion/*U__^L™y .
John gaily, room sao. Labor T«mS.    »!lv
laborw, Inyltad to m..tl£?, "'"•■   *" '
''^ffiPffA SS* »****-*-}***MM SEOOg-
Soyttonr T«»i, ' "■*   •""'"•   'Mas
.«2£5rat:ve  interna
» . —. AM0<IIATION, Wo. 80 -
*2- e.r-*-' '"■ •",d ,hlrd W.dn..day In th.
Month In room 801, Labor Tampb. Pna?
_t_. ??"" 'I««-P»ald.nt, A.'Lta
SEErt1 "°nt"r- 30, Oomlab. 18M
Eleventh^amua eaat) luaaclal aeoretary.
g.ort. Montsomery; trwanr.,. Harold—U
PAINTERS*—-1 '■—"—	
Dowding, ,21'
agent, James
Men's Hatters and Outfitters ,
Three Stores
Manufacturing Co.
Sweeping Compoueda
S19 Georgia Street
Phone Seymour 3056
Ladlea Hats Cleaned, dyed, reaewed or
blocked Into the latait atylaa.
135 Hastings W., Vancouver
Phones:   Seymour 82S8 and 8869
Hose & Brooks Co., Ltd.
Wines, Liquors snd Cigars
SOI Main Street, Vancouver, B.O.
Coal mining rlghta of tho Dominion,
In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
the Yukon Territory, tha Northweat Territories and In a portion ot the Provinoe
ot Britlah Columbia, 'may he leased for
a term of twenty-one yean at an annual
rental of tl an acre. Not mon than
I.5M acrea will be leased to one applicant.
Applications for lease muat be made by
the applicant In, parson to the Agent or
Bub-Agent of the dlstriot In which the
rlghu applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land muat be
described by seotlons, or legal subdivisions of sections; and In unnurveyed territory the tract applied for shell be
staked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of 15, whloh will bs refunded If
the rights applied for an-not available,'
but not otherwise. A royalty ahall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of Ave cento per ton.
The penon operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent' with sworn returna
accounting for tho full quantity of merchantable ooal mined and pay' tha royal-
"" " ' mining rights
ty thereon. If the ooal
are not being opented,
 -   Til*
suoh   nturns
should be furnished at least onoe a year,
The lease will Include the coal mining
rlghu only, but the lessee may be permitted to purohaao whatever available
surface rlghu may be considered necessary for tne working of the mine at the
nte Of 110 an aore.	
For full Information application should
be made to the Secretary of Ihe Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Bub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of this
advartlaeman' will not be paid for-WM.
mW__\\*W4***** "S
____%____%>■, »»^«" ►
""o^iffi, EL«)TRIO RAILWifuiJ
PLOTEEB, Plonw BMaton; »"l«I-
Meale Labor Temple, seeond and four h Wed
Subbff 1? *^ -""■ ' "  "*   frmU.il. Jo.
sssr«cst a™ nmt- •*-■*• - »•"»•
■T*^ML-S*SB'n_?**9' ""brnation:
a «S, "££»?%;•"?*? •■£•**■ Wedneaday
8 p. m., room Ml, Labor Temple. FlnaS-
dal aaoratary, B. Prendergaat, room i"
k.u'fW"1; ""*' "o. n»-Meetlnm
rSLIiSK'. ^Stir^l "Ji-W"1 month, 8 p. "
President, Miss H. Gutter dgei recording
aeeretary, 0. McDonald, Bo. totTeSEF.
clal sec., K. Paterson. p.
LT mHtu___tf',**^*^tmel
In annual convention in January. Kiee,
atlv. oalaars, MM-Ml Pwaldant, X W«eh*
mam viea-proildanta—Vancouver, W. P.
Dunn, J. H ■MoVety; Victoria, B. Slmmona
New Westminster. W. Yateej frrlnoe Bun.™
E- .Ei.De5°1.ViJ,,™l"ok?i 3. Lyon? Dta
n*-*!—3' -*S,W;. " A* (Vancouver Wend),
8. Guthrie; Dlatrlct 18, U. M. W of A
(Crow's Neat Valley), A. J. Carter; 2..™'
N»W WM-fMINtTlR. j C~
. .JOB Connell—Meeta even aacond aad
fonrlh Wedneaday at I p. m. fa Ubor hSr
■&"'*»Ji °*   Cropley,-  Unanclal   secretin
inayj general   - —    •'
A. Stoney; ga:
"--    ~ 0. Box est.
Tiled, jo attend.
aeeretary,   W.    I.
Tha publie Is In*
, •. 0IW,f!,..,toJ,, ai M",d Wadaaeday,
Labor hall,  1484 Oovernment street,  at  8
6 m.   Preaident, A. 8. Well.: aeeretary, F.
oldrldta, Boa 808, Vletoria, B. O.
_____ LABOR COMPA1I118.
Dlrecton: Jaa. Brown, preaident; R. P.
Pettlplece, vlce-prealdent; Edward Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, 3. W. Wllklnaon. Oeo. Wll*
br, W. J. flagle, F. Blumberi, H. H. Free.
Managing dlreotor and aeereUry-treamrer, J.
H. MeVety, room an, Labor Temple.
at call of president, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. 0. Dlreotora: Jamea Campbell,
preaident; 3. H. MoVety, eeoretarr-treaaurer;
A. Watchman, A. 8. Welle. R. Parm. Petti-
pleee. manager, 917 Labor Temple. Tela*,
phone;   Seymour -7481 ■	
Union *^*  *■-
*&> Of America 4^
OPtlHHT 8TM0I HAOfUltTfiia^fot
Vole agalnit prohibition I Demand on-
aonal liberty In choosing what yoh will drink.
Aak for thla 'Label when purchasing- Bear,
Ale or Porter, aa a guarantee that It la Un*
Pheae Say. 221
i Is Onr Label
Day er Night
SlOMchardeSt.        Vsaeaaver, B. C. mammm
'KIDAY     MAT 21, 1915
"(ftailt ior We«r,£Me
M»dc in ^Sa**!
THE firm of J. LECKIB ft CO.,
LTD., are manufacturers of
men'B and boys' QUALITY shoes
Whether it is the miner's or
soldier's heavy boot or Btreet
walking shoe, if it's a LECKIE
it is the best that can be made.
LECKIE SHOES are honOBtly built of best leather obtainable.
Thoy are built to give you MAXIMUM shoe satisfaction—at a
correct price.
Another item: Keep your dollar   at   Home   by   demanding
World Shoe Co.
64 Hastings St., W., Phone Sey. 1770
Best Shoe Repairing "While You Walt"
Work called lor and delivered
Loggers' Miners' Cripples' and any kind
1 of special Shoes made to order
Ask for   "NABOB'   Products
COFFEE , ionraB
Get find use "NABOB" everytime
Jingle Pot Coal
.■ n    ..-.,.' ).. l: ,
Our Vancouver Island Coal is the highest grade mined on the Pacific
Coast. .'     '*'',.{ *'*■'.''
• '    -   ■ \ J \ V        . v   •-
More heat) no clinkers, lasts longer. Try a ton.
Millwood and Kindling .....
Choice 10 inch Fir	
. .* (2.50 load
.. $3.00 load
Phone: Seymour less
> The most Important, tha most wonderful and the most popular library aver
leaned.   Sevan hundred volumes to select from.
OaskaU Book a Stationery Oo., Ltd.
395 Haatlnfs Strset West . 879-esi Oranvllle Street
Patronize the Union Label    -
by using
For Sale at All Dealers
295 Dufferin Street
New, Modern, PlrtOlaaa
Steam Heated, Ileotrte Lighted
Telephone Seymour 1>M
Ratea 11.60 par Day and Up
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what Its name, Onion It bears a
plain ud readabls impression or thli stamp.
AU show without tha Union Stamp art
alwayi Non-Union.
|M Summer Street, Boston, Man,
3. W. Tobin, Pro.   O. L. Blaine, S*e.*Tr**a.
Press Correspondent Of The
Union States Objections
Of The Membership
Competition Of The Jitneys
Backed By Libellous
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: From
time to time printed matter haa ap*
peared in this city and distributed un*
der the guise of newspapers, ranging all
the way from four to sixteen page -editions, each with a set policy or platform, expounding this, that or the
other principle, but for some reason or
other nnd in spite of their fanfaronades
their lives have been short lived, surviving only the introductory stage.
None of them asBiBted labor's cause.
We anticipated that, therefore we were
not disappointed. The editors, it must
be said, irrespective of the parties to
which they belonged, showed some intelligence and education in expressing
themselves and their views. Unfortunately for the community, however,
'' weakly yellow rags'' have also been
bori. One in particular has recently
taken unto itself the right to dignify
and associate its name with the newspaper world.
The Jitney Press.
This latest cub is a four page effort
thrust gratis on the public.' It is labelled three cents, but nobody with any
acumen would buy it, the alleged
mouthpiece of a percentage of the jitney and auto interests operating in competition with the local street railway
company. It assails in a villifying
manner everything Btreet railway. We
do not care one iota how much venom
is thrust at our employers, knowing
thoy are well able to take care of themselves, but when the astute editor (be
lenient) indulges unjustifiably in biassed
attacks on the railway men we take up
the' cudgels in our own defence.
VliUfied the Dead.
Only a week or two ago this critic
threw aspersions on the dead, One of
our respected members of long standing, a city conductor, wae suddenly
taken-ill on his car. He obtained a relief man and rode ten blocks as a passenger to a doctor's offlce where he expired, not on the ear. Tet thia noble,
impartial mind, subsequently tried to
make it look as though the unfortunate
man was a motorman, and one of many
who are not physically fit to be in
charge of passengers in this city. He
twisted and so construed the facts as
to endeavor to persuade' and convince
the travelling public that their lives
and limbs were in daily danger from
the physical inefficiency bf the city
streot car crews. ...   «
No Abuse Too Mean or Childish.
This antagonism and tirade of insult
iB pursued and reference is made to the
danger to passengers (of isolated cases
we know of) of motormen smoking. If
there is danger in smoking whilst driving a moving vehicle then 99 per cent,
of automobile drivers and owners are a
serious menace to the public and a bylaw should be passed prohibiting it.
Many more insidious attacks are made,
each calculated to belittle and'portray
the street railway men as a deteriorated thing, mentally and physically.
The talk about colored and other eyo*
glasses in use by motormen is a feeble
stab as anyone possessing the least degree of sanity knows that colored
glasses rest and protect the eyes from
sun glare and dust. If this is not true,
how ia it bo many chauffeurs prefer to
make themselves look hideous, or funny,
which you like, by wearing goggles?
Again the blinding glare of the selfish
auto drivers' headlights at night; renders it impossible; to see beyond the
focus or rays of the same when passing
in opposite directions. In this connection, the authorities will, sooner or
later, have to take action-! Street railway men are human and show wisdom
in protecting their sight irrespective of
what the "jitney" yellow press might
think or say to the contrary in its frantic and despairing cry for something to
justify its temporary existence.
Apparently nothing is too small,
therefore it atacka the carman, his appearances, his physique and build, his
mentality, nay worpe, the dead are not
allowed1 to reBt in peace. And for what
reason! What gain! A feeble thrust
at its self chosen rival in business.
Ohaffeurs Notoriously Shady.
When it chooses to make the Btreet
railway men of thiB and connected locals the "goat" on which to inflict Ub
spite at will, then it has bitten off a
mighty big chunk with which it will
probably choko, and we emphatically
declare that each and every individual
bo employed will regard it as a porBonal
matter requiring pdrBonnl attention and
action in squaring accounts in thoir own
way.   If we chose to imitate its course
Phone:  Fairmont 810
Patterson & Chandler
Manufacturer! of
Vaults, Curbing, Etc.
Offloe ami Works:
Cor. 16th Ave. and Main St.
Branoh omoe: 40th ft Fraser Aves.
of throwing discredit we could write
volumes with a degree of corroborative
proof by pointing to the police records
of any large city, establishing beyond
doubt or question the close connecting
link aome unscrupulous drivers of
autos have had and" still probably have
with crime, and the detestable agencies
they have lent, and are probably lending themselves and their machines to,
a state of affairs totally impossible
aboard a street ear.
Not All to Blame.
We realize there are many "jitney"
owners and drivers in this city to-day
whose charac/er and general conduct
whilst in or out of business 4b beyond
reproach, who, no doubt, resent as much
as the carmen any personal attacks in
order to outrival each other.
We must add that the "jitney intellectual '' to literally torpedo the
wage working man, who is only a component part of the system, gives one an
impression of its weakness and iB an
outward and visible sign of its incapacity and inability to cover its pages
with its own affairs, an infallible sign
and prelude to the fact that it, has entered its death throes whilst still in its
illegitimate infancy..
9 Per T. O.
Press Correspondent.
May 17, 1915.
On "What the Ballot Will, Do for
What women do with the ballot is
far lesB important than what the ballot does with women. The ballot
means freedom. And freedom means
responsibility. And' freedom and' responsibility mean ' self-respect. And
little ever came to i an individual, a
class, a race or a sex without these
Women are one-half society. If they
have a serf mind society will have a
serf mind. The ballot waa the beginning df political, social and industrial
Belf-respect for men. It was the flrst
articulate organized break with serfdom. The disfranchised sex in the
twentieth century haB politically a
seventeenth century eerf mind. It cannot be otherwise. Some women know
this and feel it strongly. All women,
whether they Tcnow it or not, even
though they protest against the idea,
are affected by it.
Political freedom through the ballot
is the way out of serfdom. The enfranchisement of women will double the
freedom of the world and in so doing
double the self-respect of the world.
Some people oppose freedom in any
form. They fear \t instinctively. The
psychology back of the anti-Buffrage
movement is fear, fear of freedom, fear
of liberty, fear of , democracy.—Harper's Weekly.
Your home decanter should be filled
with "B.C. Special-" One trial will
convince.   For sale at all leading retail
liquor storea.
Women Miking Army Olothing Sweated
by Contractors.
Conditions' which | prevail in workrooms opened to enable the wives of
soldierB to earn a living, the Petit Par-
isien says,' are deplorable. There are
how 600 of these estblishments in Paris,
half of them Bubventioned. Many of
those which are operated under private
auspices, are declared to be no better
than BWeat shops, even in the best man*
aged' of those In the subventioned class.
women are able to earn an average
of only 36 cents a day for 8 and one
half hours Work.
Some work'rooms nre conducted by
sub-contractors for army ahirts and
other military supplies and women get
only ten cents a day while many operatives exchange their services for board
and lodging,  the Petit Parisien says.
The hntibhnl council of French women has taken up the question of
affording relief.
of A- F.of L.
Trades and Labor Council to Publish
a Weekly Paper of Their Own.
'Edmonton Trades and Labor coun-,
"cil is about to start a labor paper,"
writes Secretary A. Farmilo, who is
also secretary of the'- Alberta Federation of Labor, nnd, of course, wants the
Fed. on exchange. The request will be
gladly complied with, and the Fed. is
hopeful that the venture will prove a
success, for the workers of Alberta admittedly need such a paper. But industrial conditions just now are such
that make it tough sledding to pay tne
printer. True,'the need of a labor press
ib greater during a time \yhtm patriotic
employers are ever-ready to take ad-
viiiitnge of the physical necessities of
the unemployed, but when the wage-
workors are idle there is very little surplus vrlue to be divided up among those
whose business it is to make profits.
Ex-Carmen Operate Jitneys.
Union carmen, discharged by the
United Railroads, in San Francisco,
California, have broached a plan
to compete with their former employers
by the organization of a motor bus and
5-cent-f a re-automobile Bystem as a retaliatory measure against the refusal
of the United Bailroads to unionize the
The Bun Franeiflco Labor council was
petitioned by the new union for its
consent to the plan, which officials of
the organization declare will be financially supported by tho Amalgamated
Association of Street and Electric Railway Employees.
Oalgary Unions Agalnit Prohibitfon.
By an overwhelmning vote, the
Trades nnd Lnbor council, at their last
meeting decidod to flght prohibition in
tho province.
Twenty-four unions, representing
3,200 workerB, supported by the Brew*
ery Workera union in its resolution opposing prohibitory legislation, and
pledging the council to work against it,
while only two locals, representing between 250 nnd 300 voters, voted in favor of a "dry" Alberta.
'B.C. Special"-—beat rye whisky—
distilled in B. C. by competent workmen and dispensed nt all leading bars.
Aak for "B.C. Special." •-
Says "White Hope" Thugged.
An article appearing in Clinton, 111.,
Strike Bulletin of April 21st says:
"Josa Willard, who won tne championship from Jack Johnson recently, is one
of the thugs who served the Illinois
Central during the torchlight nights of
the strike at East St. Louis, 111."
From the inception of the American
Federation of Labor it haa taken the
stand that while unions for the various
trades and callings must eaeh and all
be left entirely free to govern them-v
selves within their own borders, yet
between the members of all, these
unions there Bhould be a bond as great
as that between the members of the
same organisation. And it is the aim
of the A. F. of L. to strengthen that
bond by organization, and by education
and inculcation of the feeling and consciousness of unity of interest and solidarity to plaoe the labor movement
upon a higher and more effective plane.
It seeks to organize the yet unorganized workers, the skilled and the unskilled, the permanently located and
the migratory.
The A. F. of L. holds that whatever
a man may be bo long ob he workB
honestly and seeks to wrong no other
man or to advantage himself at the
cost to another, and seeks to maintain
this standard regardless of how* any
toilers may happen to be employed, he
is a man. Though.the A. F. of L. does
not advocate strikes, yet it encourages
them when all other means to obtain
justice for the toilers-have failed. It
urges that the workers when struck,
strike back as best they cant Though
strikes do not alwaya win, even those
alleged to be lost at least induce employers to forbear in the future and
teacu them a lesson they do not readily
forget; namely, that Labor is the most
important factor in production and entitled to a voice in the question of
wages,, hours and conditions undtfr
which work shall be performed.     '
The A. F. of L. stands as the moat
potent factor in all our country in defense of the right of free assemblage,
free speech, and free press. It endeavors to unite all classes of wage-earners
under one head through their several1
organizations with the purpose in view
that class, race,-creed, political and
trade prejudices may be abqlished and
that moral and financial'support may
be given to all. It aims to allow in tha
light of experience the utmost liberty
of eaeh organization in the conduct of
its own affairs consistent with the generally understood practice of the identity and solidarity of labor.
The A. F. of L. establishes intercom-.
municntion, creates agitation and educates hot only the workers but the educators. It is in direct, correspondence
and conference with the representative
workers and thinkers the .world over.
It-urges the interests of the toilers in
congress, state legislatures, municipal
legislative bodies, administrative offices, and judicial agencies. It initiates
measures in the name of labor and
liberty, and decides upon acts .according as they benefit or are calculated to
injure the maaseaof the people. It has
secured vast relief from burdensome
laws and government officials. It seeks
and will' achieve freedom and justice
for all. It encourages and has largely
achieved the interchange of ideas,
ideals and methods. It seeks to cultivate mutual interest, and to secure
united action to announce to the world
the Wrongs and burdens which tollers
have too long endured. It voices the
aims and hopes of tho toiling masses.
It asks and demands the co-operation
of the organizations, co-operation and
affiliation of aU wage-workers who believe ih the principle of unity, and that
there is something better in life than
long hours, low wages, unemployment
and all that these imply.
The A. F. of L. endorses as basic
these economic principles: Thnt no
trade or calling can long maintain
wages, hours nnd conditions above the
common level; that to maintain high
wt,geb all trades and callings must be
organized; that lack of organization
among the unskilled vitally affects the
skilled, whther organized or unorganized; that generally organization of
skilled' and unskilled workers can be
accomplished only by united action—
federation; that the history of the labor movement demonstrates the necessity for the union of individuals and
that logic implies a union of unions—
The A. F. of L. urges the concentration of efforts to organize;all the work*
eri within the ranks of the" organized,
fair and open contest for the different
vlowa which may be entertained upon
men su res proposed to move the grand
army of labor onward and forward. In
no organisation, on earth- is there Buch
toleration, so great a scope, and so free
n forum as within the ranks of the A.
F. of L., and nowhere ia there such a
fair, opportunity afforded for the advocacy of -ti new or brighter thought. The
A. F. of L. affirmB as one of the cardi*
nal principles of'the trade union movement that the working people muBt
1-irpnnizo, unite, nnd federate, irrespective of creed, color, sex, nationality or
politics. In the language of the late
William E. Gladstone, "trades unions
arc the bulwarks of modern democracy."
The A. F. of L. stnndB unnlterably
for the abolition of nil forma of involuntary servitudo nnd devotes its time
and efforts to make every day a day of
n better life.
Tho trade union movement fosters
education and uproots ignorance; shorten hours nml lengthens life; raises
Wiigfla und lowers usury; increases independence and decreases dependence; develops manhood and balks tyrnnny;
discourages selfishness and establishes
frutornity; induces liberality and reduces jrejudice; creates rights and
nlmlishes wrongs; lightens toil nnd
brightens man; mnkes the workers'
workshop eafe and brighter; cheers the
home und fireside and makes the world
better. '
Drink "B.C. Special" and avoid dis-
taateful after effectB. *
Britain Wants No Carpenters.
The reply to the Inquiry Bont from
carpenters' headquarters in Toronto to
Great Brltnln to see if carpenters are
desired there at the present time, is to
the effect thnt none nre required and
woodworkers' nre ndvlaed to remain in
Refined Sen ice
One Blook  west of Court House.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral  Parlors  free  to all
Telephone Seymour 2425
Vancouver—omcL* and Chapel,
10IU dranvlllo St., Phono Soy. 3486.
North Vancouvor — Olllce and
Chapel, 1S2—Sixth St. West, Phone
Women Are Enlisting
More An Needed to Use
Thousands of women ere nuking washing easier hy letting BOTAL CBOWN
NAPTHA SOAP do the herd part of the
washing for them. Try s cake snd yon
will Ion no time enlisting.
All the Beit for
Estly Setting
Parsnips, Carrot*,
Lettnce, Badlah,
Bitrs Good
2 IM. for Mc.
Office Furniture
Less Than Wholesale
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
HOTEL REfiENT **>solutel»  Hreyroor.    Local and   Lon«
IlUlEiLl HEiUIilll   phone ln Evwy RoomCafe In Connection. Itatea
11.00 per day up.    Attractive Ratea to Pi
Cetttnihaa * Beatty, Proprietors
ermmnent Quests.
ISO Haatlap Street East
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 T 25 Cents
32 Rides ut
A 5 Cent Fare
32 Rides on , Your Saving On
■ Tango Tickets
$1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
They are sold by conductors on the cars, at the B.C. Electric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Hastings streets and 1138 Oranvllle street; the Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and south end of
Oranvllle street bridge; Depotmaster's Offlce at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at the
places of business of the following firms throughout the city:
Woodward' •   Dept.   Storta    (Dru k
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner.
Spenctr'a Dipt,   -Stow   (Cashier's
offlce,  Information  Bureau and  Exchange Desks),  near Richards.
Wood'l Pharmacy—Seymour  Street
CampbtU'i  Fhtnrioy —  Granville.
Street corner.
Owl Drugitoro   -Mnln Streot corner.
Harriion7! Drug Start—Near Car-
rail atreet
Browne    4    Btaton,      Dragglst-i,
Pender itreet corner.
Law's    Diuiitore — Harris atreet
Owl    Drugitoro   —   Abbott   stroet
Owl    Drugitoro — Dunlevy atroot
(English Bar)
Torrence Drugitoro — Davie atreet
Hudson'! Bay Oo. All departments
Georgia street corner.
Gordon  Dryidalo'n   (Notion    Counter)   near Dunsmuir.
Owl Drugstore — Dunsmuir atreet.
Harrison's    Drugitoro —    Robson
streot corner.
Browne * Bolton, druggists, Davie
si reet corner.
Pill Box Drugitoro — Nelson street
Low'i Drugitoro — Davie    street
Harrison's      Drugstore  —  Pender
street cornor.
Harrlson'a    Drugitoro — Granville
street   and   Seventh   avenue.
Law's Drugstore — Near Broadway
Campbell's Drugstore — Broadway
anil Commercial  Drive.
MttchlU's   Confectionery—  Georgia
atreet entrance.
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
Royal Crown Naptha Soap
Grow Your Own
Vegetables, ud oat down household expenses. In all imr experience we
never Ind better vegetable growing Mock. Decide sow—tb* Weal Ume
to Mt; climate conditions ara farorable.
At All Onr Branches.   Catalogue and Information Pro*.
111     *'s----=33s==—&____w_____e__x______k_
High Glass Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
BEIDOE WORK, per Tooth .......      5.00
AMALGAM FILLINOS......             uo
ENAMEL FILLINGS.....               t.OO
■'   Diseases of th* gams, Including Pyorrhea, successfully treated.
All work guaranteed.
Phon* Seymour 3331 Ofllce: 101 Bank af Ottawa Building
602 Hastings Street West
from $3,5Q up
309*318 HASTINGS STREET WEST Phone Sermon 701
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Pint   #ftp Aft       Urge fast American Steamera undtr American flag
Clui   «P*5.0U ■        "Philadelphia" June Bth
S«o"J ere Art \   *   "st Loui?" '•■•'•J*"'e "*
ClaM  $55.00 A    |J     "St* Paul" June 19th
1». , - '• W     "New York" June 2flth
Clui   $40.00 0I1"" weeltly "-ereafter.
Company's Offioes: 619 SECOND AVENUE1, SEATTLE, WN.
We ara making a Clearance of
all present stock of Olllce Furniture.
Oome oarly and make your
1138 Granville St.
Near Davie PAGE SIX.
FBIDAT ..:;.  MAY 21, 191
May Suit Sale Now On .
Our entire stock is
selling at about
Regular Selling Prices
$22.50 Suits for $11.98
$27.50 Suits for $14.98
$32.50 Suits for $19.98
flhefiudsonsBau Company. j£?
isat-mana  it»     mauirt i _________ aanaiatmta.    ■ \ ^^
G*ater Vancouver's
Newest Hotel
European Plan
$1.00 per Day and Up
Seymour & Dunsmuir Sts. Vancouver
One Block from Labor Temple
Get your
Camping Tents
Camp Furniture, Canvas Hammocks and other
Camping Supplies from
C. H. JONES & SON; Ltd.
Canvas Goods of Every Description
Phon* Soymour 740 110 Alexander Strut
opposite North Vancouver Ferry Landing
Catalog!!* on request
Be sure and place your TEA order to-day with
your Grocer for
=T E AS=
40, 50, 60 cents per pound
Organiser McCallum Beports Greatly
Increased Activity.
Mr. D. McCallum one of the Canadian
officers of tlie International Association of Machinists, is in Ottawa to
deal with the local situation. Mr. McCallum stated that the machinists were
never so busy as they were at present.
This wns especitaal so in Eastern Canada, where among other corporations
the C.P.R. were manufacturing large
quantities of war material. So great
has been the recent demand for skilled
mechanics in Montreal that the railway
company had to secure numbers of men
from the West. This greatly increased
activity, which has spread from England, has rendered unnecessary the plan
of the machinists' union in Canada to
send unemployed mechanics to Oreat
Britain to help meet the demand for
that class of workers there. The Canadian machinists, more than any other
trade, are now working at high pressure.
Mr. McCallum stated that the agreement between the machinists employed
by the- Ottawa Car Manufacturing
Company and the Arm expires on May
28, and that the meeting had been
called to consider some slight alterations which the men will ask the company to accept.
Privilege Restored by Influence of Dominion Trades Congress.
At the instigation of Russian officials
in Montreal the Russian labor paper
published in New York, and known es
"Novy Mir," meaning The New
World, was refused the use of the mails
in Canada for its alleged anti-British
tone. The policy of the paper iB anti-
Czar. As the result of the action referred to, an arrangement was made by
President J. C. Watteres of the trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, for a
deputation, consisting of himself and
the editor of the paper, to interview the
Postmaster General at Ottawa, with the
result that the paper was restored to its
former position in the Canadian mails,
The thanks of the editor of the "Novy
Mir" are - expressed in the following
letter to President Watters:
New York, May 8, 1915
Mr. J. C. Watters, Box 515, Ottawa,
Dear Mr. WatterB: Received your
telegram. Thanks. We were informed
of this by the Postmaster General on
Thursday, May 6th. We are sending
the paper to Canada since yesterday.
No doubt that your attitude on this
matter had a great influence on the
minister. I want to thank you for all
that you did for us. The Russian working man of Canada will get their paper,
thanks to the stand that you took in
tho name of organized labor of Canada.
Thanking you once more and hoping
that myself or the paper that I represent may be of service to you, I am,
Fraternally yours,     •
Congress Issues New Charter.
The president of the Dominion
Trades and Labor Congress, J. C. Wat*
tors, last week authorized the issuance
of a trades council charter to organizations located at New Glasgow, N. S.
Six local unions made the application,
two of which are United Mine Workers.
Secretary Draper in giving notice of
the formation of this new central body,
expressed his pleasure at the activity
being shown in the eastern section of
the country, which has heretofore been
one of the most difficult sections of the
Dominion in which to uphold solid organizations. With the advent of a
trades couneil, - prospects for this section look bright, the amalgamating of
the various unions always bringing new
organizations in and the strengthening
of existing ones.
Secure the best whisky—"B.C. Special"—for the least money. Made in
B. C. for particular people. Sold everywhere.   Ask for it *•"■*
Nicholson's Gin
is perfectly pure and palatable
(Northwestern League, 1915)
May 24,int and pit,
25,26,27 and 28
The Woman Movement
and the Working
The Adrinee egent of
Forms » closer union of Home, Boil-
nen ud Friends
Business   or   Residential  Telephones
will be Instilled upon payment of
95.00 BtntsI In Adranct
10 Cent Cakes
Unequalled Vaudeville   Meana
8.48, 7.80, 0.1B    Seaion'i   Prletat
MatliiMf 1Bc.( Ivanfngi, l$e., Me.
(By Rose Sciineidermann)
General Organizer, International Ladies'
Garment Workers' Union.
Tho women of the business and professional class have helped tremendously to awaken the world to a realization
of what the vote can accomplish in furthering freedom for women and society
in general. At first sight it is surprising that such women should be so much
more alive to the need of the vote than
the working women herself; she who requires its protection and the power it
confers so much more than do her more
comfortable sisters. May not the reason be that the sheltered woman, ao long
denied the right to self-support, has had
to strive for this right, and in striving
hns attained to a sense of freedom,
so that she now feels that there should
be no barrier to her further self-development? Hence the demand for political expression. f>
The working woman, on the other
hand, has always had full liberty to
work; indeed, from her is demanded
the hardest and most exacting kind of
■toil. Work to her spells no gateway
to freedom. Question any working
girl and every timo she will tell you:
"I am tired of going to work every
day and coming home just to rest up
so as to be fit to go to work again- the
next day." Work to her is no adventure but a monotonous reality. What
she needs is to bo released from the
bondage of overwork, long hours, insufficient pay and dangerous and unhealthy working conditions.
Is it surprising that she haB been
apathetic and has not responded to the
call of her more fortunate sisters as
readily as could bo wished?
How blind the men of the working
classes have been is to be seen in their
passive acquiescence in the exploitation of their women :folk. A father will
be content to let his young daughter
earn no matter how little, as long aa
it is something to supplement the family income. He has not taught her to
demand a wage sufficient for "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."
Thia is owing to. the prevailing ignorance of the worth of women as wage-
earners. A glance at th'e industries in
which women are employed today will
show that they are as profitable as those
in which men are employed. When Alt-
mann, of the great departmental store
of New Tork City^died lately he left
a fortune of $43,000,000, some of it Bure-
ly squeezed out of the underpaid girl
The suffragists have blazed the way
for recognition of- the economic value-
of women, a value which cannot be enforced without political freedom backed by economic organization.
Take, for instance, the girls in the
waist-making trade. They can hardly
exist on the poor wage they get. Not
that the industry cannot afford it, for
where they are organized, as they are
in New York, good operators earn
from $15 to $20 and $25 a week during
the season.
The unorganized woman is at the
mercy of the employer. Whenever
there is any reduction in wageB, whenever depression comes along, whenever
unemployment becomes more acute she
is the flrat to suffer. The only ones who
can be depended upon to at least hold
what they have are the trade union women.
The general women movement cannot
advance very much further till the great
body of working women are enrolled
in it, pledged to work not only for enfranchisement but for complete organization, both economic and political.
The working women must also demand
that not only the leaders, but that the
great mass of working men, who have
not given the matter much thought,
support women in their demands.
On the other hand, it ia impossible
for the working woman to get ahead
of the general working clasB movement,
for with that hen needs and her future
destiny are inevitably bound up.
Warn a man when danger ia near,
He may know all about it; if so, no
harm is done; if not, you may save him
from injury.
An old saw says! "A bird in the
hand is worth twq in the buBh." Applied to Safety work, it means if you
have a whole body and two good eyes,
see that some other fellow does not do
anything to cause you to lose them.
Funeral Attended by Maay Trade
Unionists and Others.
Washington, May 15.—1). Douglas
Wilson, editor of the Machinsts' Journal, official paper of the International
Association of Machinists, died at hia
home in this city last Monday. Deceased was one of the very remarkable
men the labor movement has produced.
For twenty years he was editor of the
Machinists' Journal. Eleven yeara ago
he was stricken with blindness nnd locomotor ataxia. During all this time he
never left his house, being confined in
a chair. His devoted wife was his
principal aid, counsellor nnd assistant.
She made' it possible for this sightless
invalid to keep in close touch with not
only the labor movement, but all other
phases of human activity.
Deceased wns born in Scotland,
where he joined the Amalgamated Engineers as an apprentice. He came to
this country thirty-three years ago, and
for forty-three yeara had been a continuous good standing trade unionist.
He deaves a wife and two daughters.
His funeral, last Wednesday afternoon, was attended by large numbers
of trade unionists and other friends,
In honor of his memory, the offices of
the American Federation of Lnbor and
the International Association of Machinists were closed Wednesday.
Labor Council Invites Bowser.
Hon. W. J. Bowaer, atorney-general,
has accepted an invitation sent him by
New Westminster TradeB and Labor
council to address a meeting in that
city on the Workmen's Compensation
act, but has not yet set a date. Hia
letter of acceptance waa read at a meeting of the Labor council laSt week, and
the secretary was instructed to write
again, asking for, a definite date.
The Nova Scotia Assembly has plnced
a Workmen's Compensation law on the
statute books equal on the whole to
the Ontario act. The two acts differ in
aome unimportant particulars, some provisions of the Ontario act being superior to those of the Nova Scotia act bo
far as the workerB are concerned and
vice versu.
"Billy Sunday's" Views.
We have produced *n America a religious type of men who are religious
in the best sense of the word in their
private lives, but who in their professional, commercial, social, and industrial
relations, where other people are concerned, do not seem to think that their
religion need necessarily enter.
"In other words, thia idea of rolig-
ion has produced men whose private
lives are good, but whose public Uvea
aro rotten, vile, bad.
"While they are true to their marriage vows and virtuous, they are rotten
in politics. We have .produced men
who, while they would not shoot a man
with a pistol, will Bit in New York
city or Philadelphia and by a vote in
the board of directors' meeting set in
motion forces which ultimately may
take a man's life out on the Pacific
slope months afterwards.
"While they wouldn't hand you a
a dose of poison, they'd sell you adulterated goods that kill people a thousand miles away. If your religion
doesn't make you sell straight gooda,
then it doesn't amount to three whoops
thia side of hell in the pews,  either.
"Men who would not pick the pockets of one man with the Angers of their
hand will, without hesitation, pick the
pockets of 80,000,000 people with the
fingers of their monopoly or commercial
"Men in whse hands the virtue of
your wife or daughter would be as aafe
as in your own will every year drive
hundreds of cases of virtue over the
line into vice by tlto pressure of the
starvation wages they pay.
Men who will glaflly draw their chock
for $10,000 and give it to a children's
hospital, see nothing ridiculous in the
fact that the $10,000 for tho children's
hospital came out of $200,000 made
from a system of child-labor which
crushes and kills and maims more children in one year than the hospitals will
heal in twenty. "—Billy Sunday in
North American.
Union Bricklayers' Brickyard.
The brick manufacturing plant* of
the International Union of Bricklayers,
Masons and Plasterers, in which that
organization has invested in the neighborhood of a half-million dollars at El
Paso, Texas, is nearing completion, and
Ib expected to be in operation by the
middle of next May.
When finished, it will be the most
complete industrial concern of its kind
in America, and the bricklayers expect
it will go far toward supplanting the
concrete construction which has been
taking their trade away.
Must Be Total.
A clergyman was discussing with an
illiterate member of his flock, in an
orthodox church of Georgia, religious
topics of varied interest. The member
said that even the best were none too
good in this vale of sin and tribulation,
"You believe, thep," interposed the
preacher, "in the doctrine of Total Depravity!"
"Yea, I do," responded the member,
"that is,—er—er—where it's lived up
to.''—Christian Register.
Now Up to "W. M.O."
Editor B. C. Federationist: If your
facetiously philosophical contributor W.
M. C, who pronounces the long-accepted
socialist dogma that the "mode of production determines," etc., etc., may I
nsk what it is that determines the
"mode of production?"
O. V. C.
Vancouver, May 18, 1015.
Sweet Charity.
Wealthy Benefactress (stepping in at
the hospital)—"Well, we'll bring the
car to-morrow, and take some of your
patients for a drive. And, by the bye,
nurse, you might pick out some with
bandages that Bhow—the laat party
might not have been wounded at all.
aa far as anybody in the streets could
Mr. A. E. Disney, north Pacific coast
agent for the International Mercantile
Marine, advises The Federationist that
in future the American line will carry
flrst, second and third class passengers,
as will be noted in a display advt. elsewhere in thiB issue.
Ih* Store of Plenty.
118 Hastings St West
Sensational Bargain
Fancy New Laid Eggs
on sale at 4 doz. $1.00
4 lb 160.
BUTTER—the finest fresh
butter, 3 lba for   $1.00
Eitra quality, per Back...,SOO
Chice Apples for eating and
cooking, On sale, per box $1.15
KETCHUP, 35c. bottles
for   200.
21b tins Special Wednesday
and Thursday, 2 tins .... 45c
GINGER SNAPS, fresh 31bs 26c
40c value for    260
Ground, 40c value for......25c
Phone Orders Rushed—Sey. 5868
Store Open 7 a.m. 7 p.m. Sets. 11
Mall orders shipped day received.
Phone:   Seymoar 3280
■applies and Sapalra or All Klnda
Harloy-Davidson Motorcycle.
1011 P.od.r Street West
Vancouver, 8. 0.
Printers and
Lsbor Temple
Phone Sey. 4410
Printer* of The Fed,
As a Men's Hat Store Spencer's Deserves Your Notice
We believe our Hat Section is giving our customers a
first-class service. It is strictly up-to-date, handling the new
blocks and styles as fadfc as they come out, and distributing
them in quantities that make our low prices the envy and
wonder of competing stores.
OUR $2.00 SOFT HATS are unique. There ia no such
value in Vancouver aB far aa our knowledge goea. The hatB
are in latest telescope shapes, and are genuine fur felt, which
means a hat that will retain its shape and atyle for the longest possible period.     *
Our Straw Hats Afford the Widest
Choosing and Best Values
ENGLISH SENNITS, in stiff boater shapes, from 50c.
A very smart, well-finished hat at  '....41.00
PEDAL STRAWS, soft, In newest Panama shapes, at 600, 76o
David Spencer Limited
101 Hastings Street East
—as the only all-union hotel of its kind in Vancouver, has been designated as
The Finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars sold at
buffet, with courteous Union mixologists to serve
JOHN L. SULLIVAN, Proprietor.
Phone: Seymour3380.
Just ■ whisper off Granville, 704 Robson Street
Harry Beckner.   Ervin Switrer.    Phone Sey. 3343.   VANCOUVEB, B.O.
lenience: MM Birch Street.
Pheae:   Bajvlow 19051
once:    414 BUli Bnlldtai
Pheae:   Seymoar 7070
Vancouver. B. 0.
20 Tears a Specialist
Byes Examined    —    Glasses Fitted
Personal consultation TtUty and Sitnrdij
Blthteca thousand patlints la B. O, Unas-
anda of whom previously Morel Item
chronic Stomach anl Heart troubles, Back
onl Headache, la Imoraaoo ef the eaase.
Don't It'll He Tour Trouble*,   I'll find
Bednnee:   Mauser et this paper.
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-claw workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
i ..■


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