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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 29, 1915

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SEVENTH    -AR.   No. 5.
(^o^ntot)    &6tt PEft YBAB
[Largest, Liveliest and Most
Business-like Meeting
in Months.
|The Council May Decide to
Place a Business Agent
in the Field.
[President's Report Started
Delegates Thinking on
Correct lines.
^Present Conditions Must Be
That of Best Efforts of
Organised Labor.
A larger attendance than usual of
Relegates was present tfheh the meet-
ling of the trades ahd Labor council
I wis called to order by President J. -S.
I McVety hurt Thufsday night. It was
■ the semi-annual election night and a
■Marge number of new delegates were obligated.
1 Committee Beports.
The executive committee recommend-
led that two delegates be sent to the
Convention of the B. 0. Federation of
OLabor in Nanaimo, and the oounoil endorsed the recommendation.
I The municipal campaign committee
Lcounts were disposed of. It was announced that the money in the bankto
the credit Of a labor party which existed in Vancouver some years ago, had
"een transferred to the bank account of
the counoll.
I The parliamentary committee an*
Linced that in future they WMM meet
L the Wednesday nights preceding the
fcounoil meetings. v.„i„.
f The audit committee reported having
Lamtued the books H****"^
Eeisurer and found everything ii good
•k'1"'      Presidant's B*port.
I President McVety reported that the
Ichool authorities had requested that
£me of the union, should »nd «£••
lentatlves to sit on the committee hav-
>J charge of the technical and night
knool ourriculum. .
f President McVety reviewedlwalcon^
Jltions and suggested'tint 'tousmwh.es
Hnmber of tT. local -ni™ had <Uj-
\nZ with the servioe. of a buslne*
tent it was essential if the jest in-
S of the central labor body were
be served, that a business agent be
? ced in the field, to intejv ew-public
1 semi-public bodies and look aft*
H,. welfare of the council', affiliated
..es bv giving a statement as to its ac-
Fm menftrtship.   Meantime the coun-
fe«« safes
'rt, Mentioned that the c. y council
Fere at ptesent spendinj[about $12,000
let month in '' relief'   work.
tore such at to warrant those at pres
JS* they Were to gettherek*d to °e
Mh looking to soine arrangement
&byS?portation might be forth*
¥?*   Reports of Onions.
I The   Plumbers'   «elegates   reperted
{£ still m+^%__jft
Inert shops on Sain street.
'" N»w Business.
ti make a report at next; merttaj.
II labor body.
Election of Officers.
fomSrJToh place resulting as fol*
.',iside»t-Jr.   H.  M°™y &
-$_W_W** w
-       • -Atlon).
Seoretary-treasurer—Miss H. Gutter
idge (re-elected by acclamation).
Statistician—Fred. A. Hoover (reelected by acclamation).
Sergeant-at-arms—John Bully (reelected by acclamation).
Trustees (three to elect to Complete
executive committee) — Trotter, 47;
Crawford, 36; Knowles, 41; Curnock,
21.   (First three eleoted.)
Delegates to Nanaimo convention, of
the B. 0. Federation of Labor (two)—
McVety, 34; Welsh, 32; Estinghausen,
28; Mansell, 9.   (First two elected.)
With an attendance of 06 delegates
and after a good live business-like meeting the council adjourned at 10:30.
International Executive. Board Assist!
Local in aad 'Bound Vancouver,
Vice-president John Cumming of looal No. 28, Cooks', Waiters' and Wait
resses' union, writes: Our weekly meeting, held in room 206, Labor Temple,
prefaced the usual business of the session with one Initiation. Slow progress but sure. Business conditions in
the catering industry are still far from
satisfactory; however, it's a long lane,
etc., and we'll be on hand1 when the
turn comes.
The luneheon tendered . Minister of
Militia Sam Hughes by the Canadian
olub, provided Work for fifteen of our
idle waiters that day.
Some two or three weeks ago our
executive board wrote the general executive board at our international headquarters, drawing their attention to the
economic situation in this city, ahd urging them to assist us in weathering the
storm, by appointing Business Agent
Graham of this local a special organiser
for a few weeks for the cities of Vancouver and New Westminster. Under
correspondence a letter was read from
Brother Jere L. Sullivan, our international secretary-treasurer, advising us
that our application had been granted,
and that tbe name of Business Agent
Graham had been placed oh the international pay-roll for a period of eight
weeks, beginning January 25th, with
the possibility of a further eight weeks
being granted should the results obtained justify that action.
Our delegate to the parliamentary
committee of the Trades and Labor
council was instructed to secure, if
possible, the co-operation of that committee in our efforts to have the board
of license commissioners abolish the employment of (Mentals in city hojels.
Under the report of the executive
board a resolution was adopted1 urging
the provincial government to put a stop
to the employment of white women and
girls by Orientals; also the abolition of
Oriental labor in hotels throughout the
province, and to generally amend the
law in that respect, along lines similar
to that already in forte in lberta and
Saskatchewan. The resolution will be
presented for adoption at the convention of the B. 0. Federation of Labor,
in session this week at Nanaimo, and
will be taken care of by President J. H.
MoVety of the Trades and Labor coun.
oil.     ,    	
Representatives Met Last Monday to
Discuss Local Situation.
A general meeting of representatives
of the building trades of Vancouver
took place in the Labor Temple on Mon-
day evening, when matters of importance pertaining to the building crafts
were discussed at length. Delegates
were present from i the Sheet Metal
Workers, Building Laborers, Bricklayers, Tile Layers, Carpenters, Electrical
Workers (inside), Plasterers, Machinists and the Painters were present. It
was finally agreed to meet again on
Tuesday, February 9th.
     . ■ ■.     *
Tailors' Union.
Kindly allow me tb reply to circulars
being sent broadcast appealing on behalf of honest tailors out of employment. There has been no appeal authorised by the Tailors' union of this city,
nor by any number of tailors outside of
the union so far as we are able to ascertain.' The people responsible for
these' circulars are having their work
made by non-union people of German
and ustriah nationality and by Women
in their homes. There is only one way
of avoiding giving support to those
cheap foreign belligerents or having
your clothes made by sweated woman-
labor, or handed over to the Chinese.
Insist that the union label is On your
garments Ib yout best guarantee. The
party responsible for these circulars until recently employed Canadians, but
nown iB having bis work made-up under
the above-mentioned conditions.
o. Mcdonald.
Present Industrial Crisis the Crucible
for Trades Unionists.
If ever there was a time when "live
les" were needed that time is now.
The dead ones are everywhere. Look
in whatever direction we may and we
see the procession of mental and moral
corpses. They have not ceased to
breathe but beyond that they are not
alive. To be alive is to be in the struggle that iB shaking this old earth to its
foundations. To be ignorant of this
struggle, or indifferent .to it, is a sure
'Sign of moral death. .Sometimes it may
be a case of suspended animation, and
then thete is some hope. Even in the
case of death'resurrection is possible,
but in the great majority of the cases
the dead ones remain dead. The one
thing in the way of consolation In regard to them is that they will Soon be
gathered in to make room for the live
ones that ate springing up in such numbers SB to create amazement everywhere. The "live ones" are in the
organized labor movement—and working at it. 	
Williams and Place.
Messrs. Williams and Place, M.'s L.
A., have been worrying the govern-
ment a good deal this week in the debate on the speech from the throne on
Its misdeeds, especially on the matter
bf the Dominion Trust company, limited.   They Want- ah investigation.
i      • ■ —^~. —
Convention Smaller But Fully Representative—Officers Report Show Federation Holding Its Own—Unanimous
Purpose of Delegates Results In More Business,
HE FIFTH ANNUAL CONVENTION of the British Columbia Federation
of Labor, which met in Nanaimo last Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday,
was in the opinion of all the delegates, the most satisfactory gathering of
that body which has been held for the past few years. From the first moment that President A. Watchman announced the commencement of business, to the last moment of theWednesday sessions, the keynote was an
earnest and close attention to the affairs of the organized labor movement. There was
entire absence of that atmosphere of discord which marked the proceedings of the two
previous conventions. This was noted with pleasure by the delegates, and should go
far to ensure the welfare of the Federation in the future. It was recognized by all ttat
the executive officers had been faced by exceptional difficulty in guiding affairs during
the past year, and their work brought well-merited approval, which was tangibly expressed in the re-election of all the old officers who stood for re-election. During the
three days, a long list of varied matters we're dealt with, which will keep the executive
fully occupied in the coming year. It was realized on all sides that the year ahead will
test the labor movement of uie province severely, and all delegates left at the close of
the convention expressing their intention to use all effort to further the interests of
the Federation as the legislative mouthpiece of the workers of British Columbia., Below Will be found a summarized account of the principle work of the convention:
The fifth annual convention of the B.
0. Federation of Labor met in Dominion hall, Nanaimo, last Monday
morning at 10 o'clock. Mr. Oeo. Pettigrew, on behalf of the local reception
committee, occupied the chair. In the
course of a brief speech he said: "On
occasions of this kind it is usual for the
mayor of a city to welcome delegates,
but it so happen, that in Nanalmo we
have a mayor who haa a great dislike
for labor unions. What is true of the
mayor Ib also true of the aldermen. Not
one of them is friendly to ub. Bo it
falls to my duty, on behalf of the local
reception committee, to welcome you.
I shall not detain you tor I know full
well tnat you have muoh more serious
business awaiting you than mere speech
making. Never before in the history
of British olU&bla were the workers so
beset by the evils which are the lot of
their kind the world over, and throughout the entire province they will be
looking to this 'convention to devise a
President Watchman ln the Chair.
President Alex. Watchman was then
called upon to preside over the convention. During his short address he said:
"The choice of a convention city waa
Influenced at last year's convention by
the sympathy felt by all parts of the
labor movement for the miners in the
persecution which they had undergone
at the hands of the government. And
I consider a wise choice was made when
it was decided to come here this year.
My last two visits to Nanaimo found
conditions very different from to-day.
At that time tho streets were full ot
bayonets and the hillsides dotted with
machine guns. I desire, on behalf of
the delegates, to thank the local committee for their heatty tvelcome. The
Whole of the organized workers of the
province are looking to us to produce
results of practical benefit to them during the coming year, and I trust that
your deliberations will be animated by
the one desire to do so."-
Credential Committee.
A credential committee consisting of
W. Head, J. E. Dubberly,   B. Crellin
and 0. Jorgensen was appointed and retired to prepare their report.
Congress Sends nnanclal Aid.
In the interval Secretary-treasurer A.
S. Wells read the following telegram
from 3. 0. Watters,   president  of  the
TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada:
"Ottawa, Jan. 21, 1915.
"A. S. Wells, Secretarjr B. C.Federation of Labor, Nanaimo, B. 0.:
"Best wishes for  a successful
convention.   May   such   harmony
and   good-will   characterize   your
proceedings  as  will lead to the
adoption of effective measures to
promote the workers' welfare.   I
trust the $200, sent by the executive of the congress, will materially assist the federation in its efforts to secure desired legislation.
"President    Trades    and    Labor
Congress of Canada."
List of Delegates.
With the return of the credential
committee the following were seated
as delegates: Fraternal delegate from
Washington State federation of Labor
—j. Hosking; Vancouver Trades and
Labor council—J. H, McVety and F.
Welshi Vancouver Electrical Workers
No. 213—W. Dunn, E. 0. Shepherd and
J. E. Dubberiyj Vancouver Patternmakers—It. C. Samson. Tho following
delegates came from the unions of Victoria: Trades and Labor oouncll—A.
S. Wells, J. Day; Barbers—J. BasSj A.
S. U. B. Carpehtere—B. Slminons; U. B.
Carpenters—A. Watchman) Longshoro*
men—A. Nelson; Pattern-makers—J. L.
Irvine; Painters—0. Philbrook; Street
Bailway Employees—W. H. Gibson, B.
W. Nunn. The New Westminster delegation comprised: Street Railway Employees—W. TUtes; TradeB and Labor
council—-H. Knudsen; Painters—C. Jorgensen. District 28, United Mine
Workers of America—B. Foster. Cumberland—J. Smith and J. Naylor. Nanaimo delegates were as follows: A. S.
U. B. Carpenters—B. Crellin; United
Mine Workers—J. Robertson; Jingle
Pot—J. Thompson; Typographical union—L. C. Gilbert. South Wellingttn
United Mine Workers of America—W.
Head.   Ladysmith U. M. W. A.—Sam
Guthrie. Gladstone union, U. M. W. A.
—A. J. Caker. District 18, U. M. W.
A.—W. Graham. Bevelstoke: Blacksmiths—J. Lyon. Prince Rupert: Longshoremen—W. E. Denning.
After the reading of a number of resolutions by Secretary Wells the convention adjourned till the afternoon
With opening of the session, President Watchman reported on his work
during the past year as follows:
President's Report,
To the Officers and delegates of the
'fifth annual   convention   of   the
British Columbia Federation of Labor:
Fellow delegates,—In submitting to
you a report of my stewardship from
January, 1911 to January, 1915,1 do so
with some satisfaction, after considering the extremely depressing year that
we have gone through; the labor market being in a deplorable condition,
which was augmented later by the war.
It gives me satisfaction to think
that we are still in a position to meet
here in annual convention, although
this gigantic spectre confronts the
workers of the European continent, I
trust and hope there will arise out of
their mingled blood and sorrow a ohaB-
tened working class, who will no longer
leave to secret diplomacy the shattering
of lives and homes, which in all wars
the workers must pay.
Under these extreme conditions, I am
pleased to report that the membership
has been well sustained.
I would recommend ln all future conventions that the secretary-treasurer be
instructed to prepare a balance sheet,
showing the liabilities of the federation, so that the incoming officers, and
the membership will be in a position to
know the actual standing of the federation. In assuming office I found that it
would take the year's revenue to remove ub from debt, and then only by
the strictest economy.
Ba Financial Aid from Congress.
On learning from the secretary-treasurer; that congress had not responded to
the appeal made by the executive for
financial aid, I took thia matter up with
President watters, and considerable
correspondence has passed between
President Watters and myself, and
while at the time of Writing, congress
has rendered nO decision on this matter,
I feel confident that President Watters
has a desire to assist us, consistent
with his position, and I feel that if an
appeal was made to President Watters
to eome to this province to carry on organization Work and to further the
legislation that is now, or Will be, before the provincial government, in the
Interests of the workers, that he could
not Refuse, after the time he has been
organizing in the eastern provinces, and
in view of the fact that the congress
convention will be held in Vancouver
this year, I would recommend that the
matter of financial assistance be taken
up at that convention. This matter
would then be definitely settled and future executives would know the limit of
their resources.
For reasons of economy and in the
desire to curtail the expenditure ln connection with the convention as much as
possible, I do not publish the various
communications I have received covering my activities during the year. All
letters are on file, and at the disposal
of the delegates who desire to read
Imprisoned Vancouver Island Miners.
As per instructions by the' last convention, a petition was circulated
throughout tne dominion by the seoretary-treasurer, asking for the release of
the miners. With the co-operation of
the Liberation League in Vlotoria, I
forwarded to President Watters of the
TradeB and Labor congress of Canada,
a petition, signed by 5,000 citizens, with
the request that he deliver the same in
arson to the minister of justice at Ot*
Vancouver Island Strike.
In this matter I placed myself in tho
hands Of President Foster and I. B.
Member Frank Farrington, feeling that
If I received their guidance anything
that was done would be In the best interests of the miners.
At the request of the miners a special convention was held id Vancouver
on July 13th to 15th. The convention
decided that a referendum vote of the
workers in tho province should be tak*
~i, and Jour organizers appointed, and
funds raised for the carrying out the
propagation of'the idea of a general
strike, in an effort to aid the striking
miners. The result of this Ib fully covered by the secretary-treasurer In his
On my return to Victoria Mr. J. H.
Hawthornthwalte, who had been very
active in the interests of the miners,
and who had acted as arbitrator in the
Jingle Pot agreement to the satisfaction
of the men, requested me to wait upon
Sir Richard McBride, the premier of
the province. In view of the fact that
this matter concerned the entire membership of the federation, I consented.
In company with Mr. Hawthornthwalte
I placed the situation before tbe premier, also informing him I eould do
nothing without the consent of tho executive and Mr. Farrington.
The premier assured me that nothing would be done unless Mr. Farrington Whs- a partyto it, as he recognized
how well an*r"SBlJf srhad fought in the
interests of the miners.
Later on I' received iMtructions
from PreBldent Foster to proceed and
do whatever waB possible, assuring me
of the Support of Mr. Farrington.
Ih companjr with Vlce-preBldent Simmons I waited on Premier McBride to
see what he had done. He then expressed a desire to meet the men. President Foster and the district executive
accompanied by Parker Williams, J. H.
Hawthornthwaite and myself, attended
the following day, at which the executive agreed to submit to their membership the amended agreement, which the
miners later accepted.
Sefusal of Entry of Mother Jones
Into Canada,
I welted on Premier McBride and
protested against the action of the immigration authorities, and requested his
assistance in securing the entry Into
Canada of Mother Jones. I wired Mr.
H. W. Barnard, M. P., and with the cooperation of Vancouver Trades and Labor oounoil and the Victoria central labor body, she was admitted. We held
a most successful meeting In Victoria,
under the auspices of the federation, at
which Mr. George Pettigrew assisted.
Inability of Workers to Meat
Many cases of men losing their
homeB, through their inability fo make
their payments, having come to my notice, I waited on the premier, who later
made a public statement. Also I waited upon Hon. W. J. Bowser, attorney-
general, accompanied by Secretary
Wells, who informed us that he was
considering legislation covering this
difficulty, and also informing us that
any cases whioh we brought to his notice would receive his attention.
I have assisted to the best of my
ability all deputations who havo
waited upon the government, to secure
relief for the distress which is so prevalent throughout the provlnco, and
bave boon assured by the premier that
when the municipalities could no longer meet the situation, the government
The B. 0. Federatlonist.
As instructed by tho lost convention,
Secretary-treasurer Wells nnd mysolf
waited upon the dlroctors, and placed
before them the decision of the convention, and made application for five
shares, and 1 am pleased to report that
the federation has now equal voting
power with all other shareholders. A
circular letter wns sent out notifying
the membership to this effect.
I instructed Secretnry ■ treasurer
Wells to represent tho fodcrntion on the
committee of enquiry Into tho affairs of
The Federationist, who reported as follows:
'Mr. A. Watchman, president of the
B. C. Federation of Labor:
"Acting on your instructions I attended the enquiry into tho affairs of
The Federal' list. The finding of the
committee is as follows:
"The special committee appointed to
investigate the affairs of Tho B. C.
Federationist, beg to report as follows:
Having made an extensive enquiry into
all financial transactions of The Federatlonist, also having investigated the
system of book-keeping and records bf
rocelpts and expenditures, we aro of tbe
opinion that the Bystem of book-keeping is one that would bo hard to improve on, tho books und nccounts being
well nnd accurately kept. Tour committeo were afforded access to all possible sources of Information nnd aro convinced that the affairs of ho Federationist are tun on Strictly business lines.
Regarding the borro-Hng of money,
your committee thinks in future, that
as objections have been taken to money
helng loaned from the toads in the
hands of The Federationist without all
the directors being eonsulted (although
a majority won consulted and were In
favor of the course adopted, and subsequently was endorsed unanimously by
the board of directors.as a whole) that
it would be better if all the directors
were eonsulted and thus do away with
any grounds for misunderstandings. In
view of the report of the chartered accountants, who have audited the books
at the regular periods, thero cannot be
any doubt of the accuracy ot the financial reports of The Federatfonist, Ltd*
AU of which is respectfully submitted,
—A. S, Wells (chairman), representing
B. 0. Federation of Labor; Fred.
Knowles, representing executive Trades
and Labor connell; F. A. Hoover, Geo.
W. Curnock (secretary), representing
Trades and Labor council."
During the past year the relationship
between the federation and The Federationist has been of a c,ordlal nature,
and I only regret that conditions, are
auch, at this time, that they curtail the
usefulness of-the paper.
During the year I received invitations to attend the miners' Mayday
celebration in Nanaimo; the Pacific
coast district eonvention of the International Longshoremen's Association,
held in Vancouver; the militia officers
of Victoria, on the position of trade unions and the militia, all of which havo
been fully reported in the press.
I would recommend that ihe following be added to sirticle xi. of the Constitution:
"That it shall be the duty of eaeh
vice-president to submit to each annual
convention a report of matters pertaining to his district, and to give a resume of his activities during the year."
In conclusion: In accepting this office, at the beginning ot last year, it
was with the desire that a more cordial relationship could exist throughout this federation, and I am pleased to
say at this time, while I may have made
mistakes, and while some of us have
differed, we have been big enough to
haVe differed and be friends. Throughout the year this spirit hai been much
in evidence. I am deeply grateful for
the kindly advice and assistance received from the members of the trade
union movement, but I feel that I
would be lacking ln gratitude if I did
not mention 3. H. Hawthornthwalte,
who although being exceptionally busy
with his own affairs, has continually
been at my disposal for advice and assistance in the interests of those who
labor. '
During the year, irrespective of the
innumerable times, it has been necessary for me to wait on the premier. Sir
Richard McBride, I have at all times
been received and given a courteous
hearing to any matters brought before
him, and he hu invariably promised
his support and aesistaac*. Still I feel
with political unity of the workers of
the province that it would produce better results. Respectfully submitted,
yours fraternally,
Secretary-treasurer Wells' Report.
* Secretary-treaaurer A, S. Wells presented his flnanclal report for the year,
showing this aspect of the federation's
affairs. That part of his report is summarized as follows:
Per Capita Tax Receipts-
January $ 871.23
February       372.26
March....'        27.20
April        U~
May  3.00
July       456.00
August        36.60
Total per capita receipts. $2,037.97
Total   miscellaneous   receipts       113.95
Balance Jan. 1, 1911.... t   83.95
Total receipt  $2,235.81
Disbursements—       '.
January  jh 769.70
February  271.05
March  317.10
April  11.35
May  15.00
June '.. 80,75
July  103.00
August  68.35
September  72.20
October  113.10
November  77.59
December  38.00
Total disbursement $2,217.10
Balance Dec. 31, 1911...       18.11
Bills Payablo—
Cowan A Brookhouse, printing
account $112.15
J. W, Gray, balance attending
executive sessions       13.10
Trades congress, per capita tax     10.00
B. C. FodoratlonlBt      26.00
Secretary's salary      60.00
Typewriter, balance      20.00
Total liabilities $271.25
Special Convention and Referendum.
On Juno 25th a special meeting of the
coast members of the executive was
held in Victoria, and on representations
of tbo minors, it was decided to call a
special convention to discuss tho minors' situation. The call was issued on
July 1st, and the convontlon convened
on July 13th In the Labor Temple, Vancouver, 103 delegates being In attend*
anco. Acting on tho instructions of
the convention, a referendum vote was
token on the following quostion: "Are
you in favor of a general strike in favor
of tho island miners!" This was defeated by a large majority Of the number of votes recorded, the voto bding
a small ono.
An appeal was also issued for flnanclal aid in Order to carry out tho organizing work in connection with this matter. Only five organizations responded,
howovor, but sufficient was rnisod to
covor tho expenses of the organlzors,
etc., $500 being loaned by tho miners'
defense committeo, on tho understanding that If sufficient funds woro raised
this sum would bo paid back howevor,
and $100.55 was all that could be returned to the defense.
(Contlnuod on Page Two.)
Vancouver • Victoria Typo.
-Delegates Wait on Mi*
istor of Education.
WUl at Once Look Into Its
Practicability and Give
Early Answer.
'I shall at once place the request of
your delegation before the eabinet and
give you an answer in writing before
'■■■ present session rises,"73d Hon.
--■ "ung, minister ot education, at
Victoria on Monday morning laat, in ft.
»ly to representations made by Pre*!.
Jent B. P. Petttpieee and Delegit.Tl
wuton of Vancouver Typographical
""Jon and President Sanburu udlM?
gate Taylor ot Victoria Typographies!
union, asking the jfoverffirtTi*
dertake the printing of school books
used in British Columbia schools inthj
government printing offlee. -
The delegation reviewed the agitation started by organised Ubor inlMS
•" f?7?,0' ,rM twt beoks, which had
resulted in at least a start laving been
made in that direction. They now nigS
that the minister of education take*
the question of the government doin
its own printing, whTch, besides being
the correet principle, would matsriat
L^ I? «**?* VchXledZ$Z-
ment, to the pricing tad book-Wifii
trades. It was also pointed OW bf
members of the delegation that the pa-
ter used for scribblers eould nowT*
secured from the British ColumlX
Slant in operation   at   Powell   fiver!
^m'afi* "*' ^ **• £
. BJm\&\t'*** •'I'd in Superintendent Robertion and the whelMuS.
tion was carefully gone into. The delegation waa well received and everv
courtesy extended, resulting in a del
n te promise that the department would
at once go further into details and see
Ible'date d ** d°M " tte "*"Be** p01'*-
The printers feel somewhat eompea-
m£.V?r *}fr e-Io^t, J"* ta** *Ser-
mined to follow up the initiative by
creating a general agitation throughout tb»*o^,,HfaHW of theg?£
ernment Becoming tke printer of Its
own school books!
^*itS__*t^''i*im't' *-•*
President for the Seventh Tim*.
At the election of officers of the
Bricklayers and Masons' union, No. 1,
B. C, held recently, James Haslett was
elected president for the seventh time.
This is a record for that union, as most
of the presidents seem glad enough to
retire after serving one term. But
whether at refereeing a meeting of the
Bricklayers union or a football match.
Jimmy" seems able to give satisfae-
Uon, the boys realising thot he alwaya
Vkfur °t>l&V^*#: a «""'" d"1-
w&iie trade is bad at present and tha
nrospects not any too encouraging wa
.ope some day that the public will reU-
lze that the real reason why this is not
more a brick city is not the high eoit
of labor, but the high eost of liHek.
Briek that can be bought across the line
for $18 a thousand, when manufactured
in Canada cost $15, is hard to understand, especially when Chinese labor is
used almost exclusively by some of out
patriotic B. 0. brick manufacturers.
Vancouvtr Local Will Hold Important
Meeting Sunday Next.
Vancouver Typographical union will
meet at 2 p. m. on Sunday next in Labor Temple. Every member should be
present if possible, as a number of questions requiring strict attention will bs
up for consideration, among these being
the scale committee's report and also
that of the relief committee.
Information at hand states that the
typographical situation in Now Orleans la unchanged. Vice-president Barrett is in that city under Instructions
from the executive council. He was in
conference with the publishers Monday, January llth, but thore are no indications of a settlement. The regular strike benefits, amounting to $1,100
per week, aro being paid, and the executive council has granted $100 per
day, or $3,000 por month special assistance.
Tho Denver newspaper scale negotiations-are practically completed, and
what wns nt one time a somewhat
strained situation has been satisfactorily adjusted.
Despite Dull Times Oreat Advances Ara
William H. Johnston, international
president of tho machinists, says in a
recent report:
During tho past yoor we added 12,000
new members to our association.
We Improved conditions by raising
wages nnd shortening hours in 71 different citios and 180 contract shops.
We made now agreements with 60
railroad systems thereby benefiting
machinists, apprentices and helpers in
oVer 700 places in which railroad shops
and roundhouses oro locatod.
Wo reduced tho number of working
hours for 30,000 men engaged in the
machinists' eraft and affiliated metal
Wo increaeod wngos for 61,000 machinists and affiliated craftsmen to th*
grand total of $3,750,000 for the year.
Keir Hardle Reported Sick
J. Keir Hardle is reported seriously
ill in his homo in Cumnock, Ayrshire.
He is reported to have had a paralytic
seizure, and his condition Is causing
grava anxiety. PAGE TWO
Capital and Besom,   -   18.800,000
86 Branches ln Canada
A general benking bueineee trans*
Savings Department
Interest snowed at highest
Current Bate
ICO Haitian Street East
A. W. Jsrvls, Hsnsger.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Published every Friday morning by the
B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd.
R. Pam Pettlpleoe Manager
J. W. Wittiaaoa..■...■■■... ......Editor
Direotori:   Ju.    Campbell,    preeldent;    J.
H. MoVety.   secretary-treasurer;   H., ■
Olbb; O. 3. Kelly; fi. P. Pettlplece
Office: Room 217, Labor Tempi*
Tel. Exchange Sey. 7418.
Subscription: 11.60 per year; ln Vancouver'
City, 12.00; to unions subscribing
in a body, $1.00
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Affiliated with the Weitern Labor Press
Paid-up Capital <
T*tal Aaaata - •
. $ 11.I0M0
■ 11
On* Dollar will *p*n
th* account, and your
buslneas will ba w*l-
oom* ba It large or
"Unity of Labor; the hop* of the world.1
A Savings Assent ta Ike names of
two or aore lalMduals frequently
possesses elements el seaalisraale
ooavaaisas*. Ia aa aseoant ef this
nature toads nay be deposited or
withdrawn at win by either party
to tks eoeoaat, oa his or her Individual slgnatsn. lateral U added te
balances  half-yearly.
Conwr Hastings gad Oarrall Sts.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities ln Mixed
Fanning, Dairying, Stook ud
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions ot 160 aerea
to Aetual Settlers—
TERMS—Resldenee on the land
for at leut tare* years; Improvements to tne extent of *5 per
sere; bringing under cultivation
at leaat live aore*.
For further Information apply to
Victoria, aa
Thursday to the accompaniment
of more than the usual amount
of humbug and circus-like formality incidental to such occasions. To those
who know the condition whieh the ineptitude and political corruption of
the Bowser, McBride administration has reduced the entire province,
the necessity for them putting up
bold and impudent face from start to
finish of thia session is obvious. The
big bluff which is to be tried is the lay*
ing. of the whole blame for the starvation, the unemployment, and the destitution whioh prevails, on the war. It
was perhaps part of that scheme which
was responsible for the large attend*
once of dead-broke real estate men at
the opening ceremony.
.    ' .      e       •
Many of them have joined the war
contingents as officers, as much for the
purpose of getting bread and butter
and eluding their creditors as for any
over-enthusiastic love they have for
getting their hides punctured by German bullets tipped with the product of
Canadian mines. And they were present in numbers to give the war touch
to the occasion. Thirteen guns—a significant number — were fired from
the front of the parliament house. The
eost of that piece of stage management
would have bought the food of thirteen
families who are starving within earshot of the report, for a month.
' *  ■ •      #      t      »
But considerations of that kind do
not weigh for'anything over in the
House of Pretence. The speech from
the throne—as it is called—is just
rehash of McBride's windy platitudes
of the past year, the following, jewel
for instance:
"A state of warfare has for the
present    materially    altered  the
bright prospects of progress and
development which one year ago
presented themselves."
It is not true.   The   war   has   not
caused the present conditions in Brit*
ish Columbia.   McBride knows it, aqd
so does every-one of their following.
■  •,    •      •      •
For eighteen months now, delegations
have been going over to Victoria call*
ing their attention to conditions which
were gradually growing worse, and1 long
before the war was ever thought of
British Columbia waa full 'of unemployed men, and it will be for a long
time yet. Neither will thero be any
change for the better as long as McBride and the aggregation he has had
behind him for the past ten years, remain in office. This session of the
house will bring forth nothing of value
to the working class except experience.
Will they take advantage of itl
ANNIEL GUGGENHEIM, president of <the American Smelting
and Refining company, is the
latest of finanoial magnates to apply
his brain to the problem of the poor.
It is becoming quite
a fashionable habit
of men in his pi
tlon to do this kind
of thing. From Car
ncgio downwards,
many of them seem to have these
charitable leanings when they reach an
age at which their action strongly suggests they are desirous of winding up
an anti-social life by doing something
which they regard as a social action,
by way of providing themselves with a
fire insurance policy.
s I • •
In most cases their lives have beon
lived in suoh surroundings, as to mako it
impossible for them to know very much
about the real conditions of the working class whom they profess all at once
to have such a sympathy for. Money
and the making of it have absorbed the
whole of their lives, and to them money
is the ell powerful key to the settlement of every problem. So when they
got time to dabble In the poor they at
For the purpose of the great majority of Investors the best •
investment Is the saf* lnv«stffl«nt with the highest income.
Investors seeking safety, together with an attractive Interest yield should Investigate the merits of B. C. Munloipal
Bonds, which yield from 6% to 1% and the security is unquestioned.
' Patrick Doiwetly-OcncrcJ Mm
once fly to their cure-all, money. Guggenheim's idea, as expressed by him
last week, iB to put a very heavy tax
on the possessions of rich men when
they die, and give some of their wealth
to the poor.
• •      •      *
Doubtless that is the slap-dash way
he has found so useful in the business
of money-getting. But it would not
Bolve the problem of the world's poverty, because it would not solve the
problem of the world's Ouggenheims.
"Thousands must be very poor, in order
that one Guggenheim may be very rich,
The reason the poor are poor is that
the wealth they produce by their labor
is not theirs when they have produced
it. It belongs to the Ouggenheims of
the earth. It belongs to them because
they own the natural resources of the
earth, and because men must either
work for them on their conditions or
starve. Their conditions are that in return for the work whereby their wealth
is created, they will pay the worker a
wage, and keep the prpduct of his work
for themselves.
• «      •      •    .
That product is many times more valuable than the wage. The wage is usually somewhere about the price for
which a worker can maintain life in his
body efficiently enough to enable him
to keep on working or looking for work.
In a word it amounts to this. WorkerB
are human. They get hungry. They
must eat. In return for the price at
which they can eat, they must surrender the products of their labor. In a
sincere world, where there was more
honesty and less polite lying, where
i would be called spades, the
transaction would be called robbery. '
• ^ -   •      * '
It is based on the ethics—or lack of
them—of brigandage. Tour labor, or
your life. As long as things are so arranged the poor will still be poor, and
in increasing numbers. Schemes such
as Guggenheim's, inspired possibly by
death-bed repentance, by threats of
hell ol hopes of paradise, will do no
more to abolish the poor than they will
to help camels pass through tho eyes of
needles, in order that super-rich men
may spend eternity in a place which
some, of them seem to fear they may
never get to. The thing for the rich
to do for the poor is to get off their
backs. The thing for the poor to do is
to get off their knees. It would facilitate the dismounting process.
(Continued trom page 1)
If   talk   would   win   battles   Sam
Hughes would be an army in himself.
While Sam Hughes talked and'talkld
and talked, the patrician dames in the
gallery knitted and knitted and knitted.
Heaven help the poor devils who enlisted to save their families from starvation, and who havo to wear the results of such a piece of cheap posing.
In Nanaimo there is an old fort into
which the early settlers used to ' go
when the red Indians broke Into active
revolt against the abuses perpetrated upon them. The fort ia not needed
now when there is trouble. They Bend
for the militia. Red Indians were ignorant. They could not be persuaded
to fight red Indians.
Constant Reader, Nanaimo.—No, we
cannot say for certain whether any one
of the thirteen cannon fired from the
front of the parliament buildings at the
opening of the legislature last week,
was among those paraded through the
streets of Nanaimo during the recent
miners' strike, and on tho occasion of
their May-day celebration last year,
I. J. Borwind, owner of coal mines
and director in many coal mining companies, says that he believes directors
and stockholders are not as. well informed about labor conditions, as they
should be. Well what about itl There
is nothing novel in that. The only information they are interested in is the
dividends. It is up to labor to force
their interest in its conditions.
According to the official figures a deficit of $7,227,183.31 in the provincial
accounts for the year ending March
31st last is shown in the public accounts brought down ln the Legislature. The total liabilities are given at
♦25,245,029.47 and tho assets at $18,-
617,846.16. Supposing it had been a labor government which was responsible
for Buch a shewing. Wowl Incompetent!    Impractical!    Utopian!
Sweetly burbles the News-Ad. of last
"The provincial administration
meets the present legislature for
the third time with no loss of support In the house so far as is
known, and with no perceptible
weakening of the confidence of the
people at large."
Well, it so, why mention it.  It looks
like    an    attack     of    preelection
One of the most pitiful sights on the
streets of Vancouver last Friday, and
which signalized the presence of the loquacious Sam, was scores of boys car*
rying rlfics, in many cases taller than
themselves, and obviously heavier than
they could carry with ease. To the kids
it Is just "playing at soldiers." To
those who are older, who have brains
and1 can use them, it means preparing
the bodies and minds of the youngsters
to repeat in after years the scenes
whloh are now being enacted in En-
Annual Convention of District IB
The call for the annual convention of
District 18 of the United Mine Workers of America—covering eastern British Columbia and western Alberta—has
been issued for Monday, February 15,
to take place ln Labor Temple, Lethbrldge.
Dealing with the organization work
of the federation during the past year,
Seoretary Wells says:
Securing New Affiliations.
Considerable work has been done, in
the effort to secure new affiliations, personal letters to local secretaries, as
well as circular letters to local organizations, havo been sent and correspondence exchanged with the international officers, of some of the largest
unaffiliated organizations. The replies
received from international officers
would intimate that they realize the importance of local unions being affiliated
with the federation. Many local and
central organizations have replied, stating that if conditions were more favorable, they would affiliate. I am of the
opinion that all efforts should be made
to secure the affiliation of the Railroad
Brotherhoods. The' Railway Carmen
have led the way for the railroad work*
ers and to-day we hnve the majority of
the Carmen in this province affiliated
and with the assistance of the rest of
the railroad workers, the federation
could bo made a powerful factor in this
The Federationist.
President Watchman, having asked
me to represent the federation on the
committee of enquiry into the affairs of
The Federationist, I followed out his
instructions and the report being satisfactory, circular letters were sent to all
labor organizations ia the province asking for their support for The Federationist, and pointing out that the federation had now equal voting power
with all other shareholders.
Since the laat convention there has
been a decrease in the membership affiliated with the federation, the industrial depression having affected the
membership of the local organizations
to a considerable extent, and this is reflected in the number of members afflliated. The organizations mostly affected are the building trades unions, some
of whom have been reduced by over 50
per cent. In some districts where there
were more than one local of 'the same
organization these locals have amalgamated and to that extent this is shown
in the decrease in the number of organizations affiliated1. The number of
new affiliations sinco the last eonvention is ten, ten organizations have
withdrawn, and five have lapsed. This
leaves a total of one hundred and ten
organizations afflliated.
Any attempt to give an estimate of
the aetual number of the aggregate
membership of the organizations affiliated at this time would be liable to be
misleading owing to the conditions outlined-above and to the fact that all organizations have not yet sent in their
per eapita tax and-the number of members in good standing, but based on the
last payment of per capita, the affiliated membership would be approximately
twelve thousand two hundred and fifty.
' In Conclusion.
For reasons of economy, I have left
out of my report much statistical mat*
ter, which might have made up other
pages and considerable expense for
printing, but having had one year's ex*
perienoe in financing the affairs of the
federation under present conditions,
when it has been a struggle to make
ends meet, I have no desire to go to
any greater expense than is actually necessary.
The matter of financial assistance
from the congress will be dealt with in
the executive's report and comment by
me is unnecessary.
I would recommend that no printed
proceedings be issued this year as at
the best of times it is .mostly a waste of
money which could be better expended
in the work of the federation.
I desire to express my thanks to all
looal and central . organisations who
have so well responded to any request
from this offloe and to all secretaries
and other officers Of afflliated organizations, who by their many kindnesses
and co-operative efforts, have assisted
and facilitated the work of this office.
Respectfully submitted,
A. 8. WELLS,   .
Exeentt-n Committee's Bapott.
Vice-president J. H.   MoVety   presented the following report on behalf
of the executive' committee:
To the delegates of the fifth  annual
convention of the British Columbia
Federation of Labor:
Tour executive' committee submits
the following report for your consideration:
Immediately after the adjournment
of the last, convention the different
matters pertaining to legislation to
be presented to the government were
considered, and the following matters
were taken up with the provincial
Workmen's Compensation aot, employment agencies, conditions in prisons, women's franchise, 44-hour week,
amendments to the present' acts re
Mines Inspection, wash houses for mln*
ers, Boiler Inspection act, .registration
of plumbers, the throwing open to bona
fide settlers of all vacant land, scaffold
inspection, and the need for provincial
lawa on same, abolition of property
qualifications for public offices, stand*
ardlzatlon of street and' electric car,
buffers and platforms, one day rest for
motormen and conductors on eleotric
railway cars, protesting against the assistance by the province to increase armaments, provincial material and labor
to be used in all contracts, and the enforcement ot the standard rate of
wages, the inspection of persons handling food stuffs, and premises were prepared. Protest against the granting of
sums of money to organizations inducing immigrants to the country.
Strong representations were made to
the government on the need of legislation ns outlined- above, emphasis
being ma.de on the need for a new
Compensation act. The executive were
received by the premier and each matter was gone into in detail. The premier assured us that after consideration by the government, they would
communicate their decisions on the different matters. The following letter
was received.
"Vlotoria, Feb. 24, '14.
"A. S. Wells, Esq., secretary B. O. Federation of Labor, P. O. box 1538,
Victoria, B. C.:
"Dear Sir,—With respect to the
memorial handed in during the conference with the deputation of the B. C.
Federation of Labor on February 18th,
I beg to stato that the matters contained therein are being placed before
the royal commission on labor, and are
now being considered. Tours truly,
Matters pertaining to dominion laws
were taken up with the exeoutlve of
congress, amongst whieh were the exclusion ot Asiatics and the prevention
of Asiatics  employing white  women,
and as the exclusion of the Asiatics
would elliminate the employment of
white women by the Orientals, stress
was made on thiB point.
The question relative to the appointment of an examining board for moving pioture operators, was taken up
with the Vancouver city council, and
Vice-president MoEwen and the representative of the moving picture operators waited on the city council, after
an appointment had been made by the
In the matter of the imprisoned Vancouver island miners, every effort was
put forth to secure their release, the
aid of the Trades and Labor congress
of Canada and other bodies waa so-
cured, petitions circulated and Bent to
the minister of justice, with what re-
sultB the membership will be able to
On Mother Jones being denied admittance to the province, steps were
taken to obtain ner entry, the Vancouver Trades' and Labor council
and the Victoria central body assisting, and she was admitted, and
addressed a large audience in Viotoria
under the auspices of the federation,
also meetings in Vanoouver.
Owing to the withdrawal of the Vancouver carpenters and tho* removal of
Vice-president Hardy from the district
from which he was elected, tho necessity for the election of two vice-presidents arose to replace Vice-presidents
McEwen and Hardy. J. S. MoVety
was elected to represent the Vanoouver
district, and G. H. Fraser to represent
the interior.-
In response to the request of the is-
land miners a special convention was
held in Vanoouver, and the inatruotlons
of that convention were complied with,
the result of which is now well known.
The matters of expense, etc., are dealt
with in the report of the seoretary-
Compensation Act
The executive has continued the
policy of the federation in agitating
for and educating the membership
and citizens generally fo the necessity of a better Compensation aot for
the province, particularly having
in mind the excellent progress being
made by the workers in various sections of the United States.
As reported to the laat convention,
a lengthy presentation was made, to
the labor commission on the subject, and on July 14th the executive
appointed a sub-oommittee to keep the
question Blivo during tho balance of
the year. The committee was composed of Vice-president McVety, as
chairman; Vice-president Dunn, secretary, and Treasurer Wells and Vice-
president Bancroft of the Trades and
Labor congress of Canada, who on account of his work in connection with
the Ontario act was asked to aot in an
advisory capacity.
Since their appointment the members
of the committee have carried on an active oampaign, Vice-president McVety
writing a number of articles covering
the salient features of the Washington,
Ontario, British Columbia aots, as well
as a general history of the legislation
In the principal countries. These articles appeared simultaneously in The
B. C. Federatlonist and the District
Ledger (Fernie, and were, in some instances, reproduoed in other labor papers throughout the country, notably in
ihe Detroit Labor News and the Railway Trainmen's Journal, a paper of
very wide circulation among railway
The committee provoked discussion
on the subject in the various central
councils and local unions by making
an appeal for funds to assist in carrying on the work. Victoria council
responded with a donation of (40, Vanoouver with *50, and Revelstoke with
In Vancouver, the committee with the
assistance of Mr. W. R. Trotter of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
was able to secure the endorsation of
the Social Service council for compensation along the lines laid down in
the Ontario act.
From information received it waB ascertained that the government waa prepared to draft an act and' that a quantity of data was being secured for the
B. C. government in the state of Washington. In response to a letter of enquiry Sir Richard McBride confirmed
the information secured by the corn-
tee but did not supply any definite information jas to what the draft would
contain and up to this time we have
nothing further than that the announcement made by the attorney-general that
the draft would' be a modification of the
Washington act, but that the government did not intend to "attempt to
satisfy the radical trade unionists but
that the act would merely be introduced at the present session and laid
over for a year for the consideration of
the various interested parties."
This program is in the keeping with
the previous policy of the McBride
government. For years past the executive committees have met with a
consistent policy of procrastination
insofar as legislation affecting labor is
concerned and' for two years paat the
excuse has been the necessity of submitting the questions to the labor
commission for consideration. Although the commission finished its
work during 1913 and reported to the
last session of the legislature, the gov:
ornment has done nearly nothing since
that time, although It might have prepared the draft and submitted it for
consideration during the past year and
then have been in a position to enact
the measure at the present session, in*
stead of delaying for what practically
amounts to two years, one year for consideration and another to get the act
working after lt has been passed.
In the face of the present composition of the house, protest will avail the
convention nothing, as the act is practically to be held back as an election
death-bed repentance.
The committee recommends the continuation of the work, regardless of the
apparently poor tangible results insofar
as the actual enactment of legislation is
Following out the resolution of the
last convention your executive instructed the reception committee that
only members of the working class
movement should be asked to address
the Convention at the opening proceedings.
Organisation Work.
Owing to the state of the finances it
has been Impossible to conduct any systematic organization work, with the exception of the circularising of the unaffiliated organizations by the secretary-treasurer, and the work that haa
been done voluntarily by the officers,
but In spite of the difficulties the membership of the federation has been well
In conclusion, the year having been
one of the most eventful in the history of the province, it has brought
forward problems it is necessary for
the workers to face. The prevalent on*
deployment and the consequent ham
pering of all organisations In their
work, will necessitate the renewed activities of the men In the movement
to retain the ground gained ln   the
past, and to make further progress.
To this end we trust that the eonvention
will be a means to the end in view, and
that in future the movement of the pro*
vince will gain by the experience gained in times like the present. Fraternally submitted,
A. 8. WELLS, |
The B. O. Federationist Trustees'
Tour trustees beg to report as follows on the affairs of The B. 0. Federatlonist, limited, and for comparative
purposes, we use the method employed
by the former trustees of dealing with
the various details of management, under the heading of "policy, finance and
Policy: At the directors' meeting of
The B. C. F., limited, held on April 3,
1914, Messrs. Kavanagh and Sivertz re-
tired, and the following trustees were
eleoted to represent the B. C. F. of L.
shareholders: H. Gibb was elected
for a term of offlce to expire in 1916
and 0. J. Kelly was elected for a
term which expired in 1914, and was
reelected at the annual directors'
meeting for a further period of three
The    directors    unanimously   voted
five  additional  shares  to  tho  B.   0.
F. of L., thereby giving that body a
(Continued on page three.)
- ,„Ue'lUli5j,t.-u*d third ThuredayaTBx*-
outlve boird: Jaa. H. MoVety, presldsSt:
Frank Bstinghauser, vice-president;'Geo
Bartley, general secretary, ao UBor
Temple; Miss H. Gutterkfie. treasurer-:
Fred A. Hoover, statistician: sergeant-
at-arms, John Sully; o. durnooVF.
Knowles, W. R. Trotter, trustees.
D rectors: FnS. A. Hoover, J. fe,1
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian;!
James Campbell, j; w. WlUtlnsonTR. S
PettlDleoe, Geo. Wllby, W, 3. Ns,!? P*
BlnmW H. H. Free. Managing DlMoliS'
J. H. MoVotr, Room ail. •>«-.«»»-,
en,.—Meet; second Monday In th*
month.    President, Oeo. Mowat; score-
«ary. B. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box es
i.u.um _    No. u—Meeti aeooad and
foarth Saturdays at 7:80
P.m. Preildent, H. Q. Leeworthy; corresponding secretary, & j. Adams; bask
«•.."?' ?°em «0« Labor Temple 555*/
nrat Sunday of each month. Resident
P. P. Lavlgne; financial secret*™ o!a
W. Curnock, Room IM, Labor jgnptoT
nail, Room 816,
and Iron
of America, Vancouver   Lodge   No.
Meets. flr»t_end   third  Mondi
«.«■ am snd third Mondavi a n —
PrMldont, ». BMoUy, 858 CtorSow lu^
secretary, A, Fraier,'mi How"reel.     "
Meets In annual convention in January. Exeoutlve officers, 1914-15: Preaident, A. Watchman; vice-presidents, w.
F. Dunn, Jas. H. McVety, O. H. Fraser,
J. W. Cray, H. Knudson, J. J. Taylor, B.
Simmons. - Seoretary-treasurer, A. S.
Wells, Box 1588, Victoria, B.C.
BOR Coanell—Meets erery second and
fourth Wednesday at 8 p. m. ia " '
President, H. Knudson; flnanolal seoretary,
R. A. Stoney: general secretary, W. E.
Maiden.   P. 0. Box est.   —-     "•   ■-
riled to attend;
'    Th. public b in*
No. 495—Meets .very aeooad aad fourth
Friday of month la Laoor hall, 7:80 p. m.
President, D. Webster; secretary, A. McLaren, p, 0. Box «50, Hew Westminster,
B. 0.
M.-^i'l** tmm »•&>*« TempleTevEL,
Monday, 8 p. m. Preeldent, DanI Man-7
.vlco-pree Went, M. Saaderj reooidlng J*
™'.!7: **7,aiu, Leber l-emple; fiaartJ
W.*".d i"*elnee. agent, E. a ItaSm
807, Labor Temple, -"nee*
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR OOUNOIL—Meeta flret and third Wednesday,
Labor hall, 781 Johnston street, at 8 p. m.
President A S. Welle; aeeretary, Thos. I.
Mathleon, Box SOS, Victoria. B. 0.
Weetere Federation of Miners—-Meets
Sunday evenings la Union hall, Preeldent,
Alex. Wilson; seoretary-trMsanr, 3. W.
Stewart, Klmberley, B. 0.
Coal mining rights of th* Dominion,
ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
th* Tukon Territory, th* Northwest Territories and ln a portion of the Province
of British Columbia, may ba leased for
a term of twenty-one yean at an annual
rental of tl an aore. Net more than
1,110 acre* will b* leaaed te one applicant
Applications for leas* must be mad* by
th* applicant In parson to th* Agent or
Bub-Agent of th* district In whloh tbe
right* applied for ara situated.
In surveyed territory th* land must b*
described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and In unsurveyed territory   tb* traot   applied   for shall   b*
staked by tb* applicant himself.
Bach application must be accompamao
by a fa* of tt, whloh will be refunded If
th* rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise, A royalty ahall be
paid on th* merchantable output of tk*
mlna at the ret* of five cents par ton.
Th* person operating tha mln* ahall
furnish the Asent with sworn returns
acoeuntlng for tk* full quantity of merchantable ooal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the ooal mining rlghta
are not being operated, saeh returns
should be furnished at least once a rear.
The lease will Include th* coal mining
right* only, but th* lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface right* may be considered neoeaaary for the working of the mln* at th*
rate of 110 an aer*.
For full Information application should
be mad* to the Secretary of tha Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Land*.
W. _H._ CORT,
Deputy Mlnlater of' the Interior.
 .—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement wtll not be paid for—SOMO.
a „'ZKti" "*VU*t mi *Ti Tuesday:
tr.Si?.;. ?°?m rt7J. President, Jamil
nllL".*,'*1 """•"•Ponding secreUry, W A
Sa,-SSi,n*?0ii •?■ «"*nolal secretary, f.
f-f__\ Si"."*™ «•'"• w- "• W
-   Bcllders   and   Helpers
**      1ft-
°°°uLn*iE.S,B8« V"- WAITRESSES
-....ir •PtT*""* pt Friday, ia eaeh
f.m**i-!,i° "• m" Ub0' T"»P'i* A. OS*
«!?• t !'°M-! "P.'M.nUtlre. fine.: Room
SOB, Labor Temple. Honre: 8:80 a. Sta
10; 8 and 5 p. m. to 8:30 C0Z.1..1J.
faralehed on Ihort ggp^^j^
meet, lo room Joe. Ubor Temple. .5?
ond ood loortb Thnreder of eeet™«alaVl
p. in.    Preildent, 8. tt Hardy? ___?
J.iL»B*?fJl* "•"«"'. WTTrTayltTLS
cal No.  817 meets   flret   and   |hEf u£
eSt IL'l&J'SHlS "'.looal 'lM7"«*
Snt and third Tender cf eaeh Moath,
^ra,Ld.w£?nW.£°8& ss
Van Sickle; re
coming secretary, J. M. Campbell* huai,
neas agent. P. L. Bstlnghauwn. bLiw
.... .4^?!™ J"1"! Ko. OS—Meets flnt ui
third Wdsy of eaa moath, Ubor -SiS,
lbeoas '.cretary, Oecra
Labor Temple.   All lab
S2?u"!d,SJl "* "oath, Ubor Temple
President, Oeorge Oib.on; eeeretary. Bear"
Harrison, room Mo, »-■■-- SCSSr" ."fff
orere lavited to meeting.
end foarlb Prldri et S p m.   Preoldoal
A.   R.    Towleri    recording    MereUrr     j
Broobo.; flaaaeial secrelag. jVa MoVatt
Meats   every   flnt   and   third   Wedneedi
in  the  month In room SOI, Ubor Tempi
F. Sumpter, 1880 Twenirthlrd aveaae eas
flnanolal aeeretary, D. Scott, jtt Rlehan
etreet: treaenrer,   L.   Tyeon?
Dccoratore', Local 188-Mccts evet
Thursday, 7.10 p.m. President, H™Ore™
flnanclal aeoretary, j. Freckleton, 10
SS5f-.,trSSl! """"ding BecretaJy, :
Dowding, IM Howe atreet. Bualnei_
agent, Jamo. Train,  Room SOS,  Lab
•.■•.ii,. jai
vicinity. .Branoh meets 1st and Srd Fr
days at Ubor Temple, room lot. Rob*
C. Sampson, Pres., 747 Dunlevy An
Jo** O. Lyon, flnanolal secretary, 17
Orant street; J. Campbell, according ae
rotary, 4M0 Argyle street. ^m
,„ .*- vHmJ ""■ tt, of Vancouver a!
Victoria-Meets second Wednesday
•ach month, 4 p. m„ Labor Tempi*. Acs
»nt Chu. Bavin; recording secretar
A. Birnle, co, "News Advertiser."
„ flfiZXtg, Pioneer DWelon, No. 101-
Meeta Ubor Temple flnt aad third Wedni
daya at 1:80 and 8 p. m. Preeldent, Ji
Hubble: recording secretary, Jss. E. Crtll
flnanolal secretary aad bulaooa agent, Ire
A. Hoover, 9408 Clark Drive,
al Local 117-Mceta every Wednesds
I p.m., room 104, Labor Temple. Final
clal secretary, a Prendergaat, room 111
ternatlonal). Local No. 17S—Meetlni
held fljat Tuesday In each month, I p. i
Preaident, Miss H. Outterldge: recordli
secretary, C. MoDonald, Box HI; f
clal see, K. Paterson, P. o. Box 501.
CAL No. 118—MeeU second Sunday I
eaoh moath at room 804, Ubor Tempi
President, H. Spun; recording seoretary
Geo. W. Allln, P. 0. Box 711, Vancouver/
Meets lsst Sender tt each month at
*      I. Poltlplooo; tnee-i
JWlth *■
j, W. S. M.I
Noeludi, P.
sosniary-troasaror, 1
Can* that Watch to Appleby, (OS
lender Weat, Cor. Pander and
Richards, for nlgh-olasa watoh,
clock and Jewellery repairs. AU
cleaning and mainsprings Jobs
guaranteed for II months.
Of America  eJQxr
consuHT mm aaamna i»on
When You Want a
First-Class Beer
________*. "~
.^.If-M^.!.-'.:*.'.'" FBIDJI*.. JANUARY 29, 1918
In white and
m waits ana any—
(1x79; ng. 81.50 pr tor 11.00
*8x7S; reg. |1.70 pr tor 11.85
70x81: whit* only; ng. 88.00
pr for  11.60
66x76; reg. ss.oo pr for 11.15
fllxii;.... , ..- „—
BB8 with art muslin covering:
66x78; ng. 11.86 fer      »6c
BBS, In art covering and plain
60x78; ng. S1.60 ach for 13.75
78x78; ng, 15.00 och for 11.96
IBS In art sateen coverings:
60x78; ng. *6.75eoh for 85.50
79x78; ng. 17.50 ech for 16.95
79x78; ng. 18.60 och for 17.96
PILLOW OASES—Hemstitched
or plain; all sises... Begular
J3.00, 18.10, 18.00 and 11.00
osen 61.15, 19.90, 69.70 aad
ready for use—
Slse 9xay, yards.      Besular
Sa.oo a pair for .11.60
las 9x9Ve yards. BegUar
89.50 a pair for ...69.96
Ih 9 l-lx9Vi yards Begular
19.85 pair for..........fLM
David Spencer Limited
City Market
APPLES—Large variety of winter stock at $1.00
and $1.26 per Box.
POTATOES—At Market Prices; these are the lowest prices in Vancouver. Stock always fresh
and. in best condition.
NEW LAID EGGS—Are now arriving in larger
quantities. You can always rely on Eggs which
are sold as new laid at the City Market
VEGETABLES—All kinds at most reasonable
prices; in quantities to suit all buyers.
AUCTION SALES are held every Tuesday and
Friday at 10 A. M. If you really wish to reduce
the cost of living, you can do so by attending the
City Market
n,!'"'! KHAlim*-0
Did You Get Yours
This Morning?
HflTFT RV.ft1i.NT Absolutely Fireproof.   Local and Long-Distance
nuidli AEiUEim  phone |„ Evary Boomoafe In Conneotlon. Ratea
11.00 per day up..    Attractive Rates to Permanent ducats.
Octttnghast A Beatty, Proprietors 166 Hssttngs Strset Sast
High-Class DENTAL Operations
Bridge-work per tooth -
Gold crowns - -
Porcelain crowns -
Perfect fitting plates
Amalgam fillings -
Enamel fillings
$1.00 up
Phon* Seymour 3331
Offlce:   101 Ban* of Ottawa Building
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter whtt Its name, unless It bears •
plain tnd readable Impression or this stamp.
AU shoes without tht Union Stamp in
always Non-Union.
IM Summer Street, Boston, Mut.
J. 1". Tobln, Pres.   O. L. Blaine, Bee-Treat.
"Nature Teeth" are not only LUXURIOUSbut—they
The Mew
Bldf.. Wchards
ltd Hastings
i Second Fleer
THESE "Nature Teeth" of nine (entirely different from
ordinary and ally "False Teeth) which are made to
natch the oaea thst grew In roar Jewe—In shape aad else
and exact Sat—-aad to tt like the ones Mature gave yoa.
rftHEBE "Nature Teeth" are truly luxurious because yoa
X cat tits, chew and smile with them in perfect eoal*
deace aad comfort..
OT they arc also necessary to health aad ofletency. The
old "Falsa Teeth" are truly false, for they are bat
makeeblfta aad Ib net perform the functions ot Nature's own
mastication of ths food—whieh mesas stomach health and
**- v ATUEE'B own teeth, then, or their worthy euooesiore
 i nt
Phone ley,
_ . _, "Nstare Teeth"—are necessary to the propel
general effleleney—aad to tbe lanrlone seasa of well-being
which makeo for that efleteney.
••Ton nuns so paw on-uumon
I HIREBT ODAKANTEE that ell dental work
performed by me will be abtolately palalaaa. If the
ellghtest twinge of pain Is eaperleaeed by the patient no money aeed be paid lo me. or if aay ass
been paid It wfll be instantly reloaded by me.
I farter taaraates that all crown er bridge work
or fllling will remala la flrat-slaas eoaditloa for a
period of TIN TEAB8.   If aaj of my work '
 _. any i	
lefectlTe Carles that Ume I will replace ll sbeelalely
Df. HALL, "The Modern Dentist"
(Continued from Page Two.)
half interest in Tbe Federationist, limited, and1 meeting the objection expressed at the last convention, that
the five original shares were held hy
men subservient to the V. T. and L.
council, and the management of the
paper. At this meeting an application for shares by the miners of Sointula) was refused) it being pointed out
that such an issue would no longer
leave the B, C. Federation of Labor in
possession of 50 per cent, of all shares.
Finance: Messrs. Crehan, Martin ft
Co. submitted a profit and loss account
for year ending June 30, 1014, which
showed after a liberal writing off for
depreciation of cuts, furniture, etc., a
profit of $1,905.23.
The statement of liabilities and assets showed1 them to be equal in
amount and almost so in character.
It is certified on the balance sheet
that the books of The Federationist,
limited, show that in connection with
the miners" strike a sum of $7,085.01
was collected in aid of the "wives'
and kiddies-* fund,*' and handed to
Robert Foster, president district 38, U.
M. W. of A., for distribution.
While the foregoing statement showed the company to have a creditable
financial standing, your trustees desire
to call your attention to the fact that
it oan in no way be used as a criterion
of the present standing of the concern.
Owing to bad industrial conditions
the directors found it necessary to
adopt a policy of retrenchment and
expression has been given to that
policy, by reducing the salaries of the
managing editor, the associate editor
and! the secretary-treasurer, at the
same dividing among the work of securing advertisements, which was formerly
done by highly-paid employees.
Administration: Under this heading
your trustees wish to inform you that
The Federatlonist is almost entirely dependent on advertisements for financial
support; the subscriptions, union advertising, eto., being insufficient to defray
the initial cost of production! and until
such time as organized! labor is prepared to finance a medium of expression
these .undesirable advertisements will
continue to appear. . Their scarcity up
to date has resulted in reducing the size
of the paper.
Regarding the editorial policy of the
management, we believe that except in
a few instances, it has during the past
twelve months more nearly expressed
the opinion of organized labor as represented by the B. C. F. of L., than it
did in past years; in the absence of
either protests or instructions from the
executive of the federation, we conclude that the views expressed by the
paper coincide at least with those held
by our executive officers, who would, of
course, have notified their trustees had
anything appeared in the paper, which
in their ideas, would adversely influence
opinion in any quarter.
We consider tnat the editorials have
assumed a distinctly better tone and in
closing, we wish to state, that the management has invariably evinced a desire to cordially co-operate with your
trustees in any attempt to better the
moral or financial position of the paper.
We recommend that the B. C. F. of
L. retain its interest in The B. C. F.,
limited, on the condition that no further shares shall be Issued without the
consent of the executive of the B. 0.
F. of L. Respectfully submitted,
T. DOHERTY, Trustees.
President Watchman, as fraternal delegate of the federation to last year's
convention of the Washington State
Federation of Labor, gave a report on
his visit to that body.
Resolutions Committee Reports.
During the day some eighteen resolutions were handed in. Of this number,
a goodly portion came from the miners.
Delegate Naylor (Cumberland) presented one calling for the amendment of
the Provincial Elections act, whereby
citizens of the province could vote on
election day at any one polling station,
wherever they might be. The committee
reported unfavorably. The reason given was that any voter can now change
his vote from one electoral district to
another any time within thirty days
previous to an election, and that if the
purpose of Delegate Naylor's resolution were carried into effect it would
make it possible for the old political
parties to dump "heelers" into a district wholesale on election day. Several resolutions were presented by the
minors, relating to the election of mine
inspectors by the miners in the locality
where they inspected, and to the more
efficient protection of miners acting on
gas committees from victimization were
General Strike Against Wu.
Delegate Robertson (Nanaimo) offered a resolution dealing with the possibilities of war between the United
States and Britain, and suggesting
"that in the event of war being declared, let it be understood that a declaration of war will be the equivalent
of a declaration of a general strike.,r
A lengthy debate ensued in which Dele
gate Robertson strongly supported his
proposal.   Fraternal Delegate Hosking
Each pah
Deal assfsly say saspcadsa
Vancouver—Offlce and Chanel,
1084 Oranvllle It., Phono Bay, lilt.
North Vanoouver —■ Offlce and
Chapel, HI—Sixth Bt. West, Phone
Fleas Sey. 221 DayerHI|U
Nimn, Thomson & Clegg
SM Keisrdi SL       Vsaesavsr, I. C.
from Washington State Federation of
Labor took part in the discussion and
said that in his opinion the idea of war
between the two countries waa premature and groundless. That the United
States wes not prepared for war snd he
did not think they, ever woud be,
which, he believed, was a good job, for
they would be "wallopped." He said
that the big shipping interests of the
States were trying to work up an agitation to further their interests. Delegates Foster and Shepherd thought that
now was tbe time to epread the anti-
militarist propaganda among the work*
ers of both countries. Delegate Welsh
did not believe the mere passing of the
resolution would do muoh good at this
time. Delegate Dunn did not think the
idea of a general strike at time of war
was a workable one, but hoped the resolution would passi'as it could do ao
harm. Seoretary Welts favored the idea
if only to emphasise and show the everlasting folly of workers fighting each
other. He believed it was due to their
stupidity that this war had bees msde
possible. There was always war so far
as .the workera were concerned—the
fight for the means of life. Delegate
Naylor did not-think the resolution
would have much effect, and he would
oppose it because it seemed to him nonsensical in face of the European situation to-day. He favored a propaganda
against militarism to educate the-work*
ers. He had had Ub share of it, hav*
ing had the pleasure of being marched
through the streets of Nanaimo between fixed bayonets. Delegate MoVety
said it was easy to pass such a resolution, arid .there waB a time when he
could have waxed * quite enthusiastic
over this ono. But in all his experience
nothing had1 given him such a jolt as
the way in which all the anti-war talk
among workers in Europe during the
past fifteen years had collapsed last
August. It was all very well to talk of
organizing a genera strike at war time.
Only a few months ago it had been
sought to have a general strike in British Columbia to help the minera but it
could not be done. Yet there were visionaries who thought a world strike
could be raised in face of all the jingo
and flag-waving of war-time. He believed that aa long as the power of the
state was in the hands of those who
wanted war they could defeat the general strike idea. They had control of
all means of transportation and com*
munication and opuld prevent the cooperation whieh would be necessary between the various sections of the work*
ers if they were to make their strike
idea a success. '
With the opening of the eonvention
on Tuesday the debate was resumed on
the motion of Delegate Robertson, and
it waa referred back to the committee
to re-draft it. A resolution favoring
the expiry of all agreements between
workers and employers on the same
date was adopted. The action of labor
officials in encouraging recruiting was
condemned unanimously. A resolution
called attention te the fact that at
times certain organisations which favored more militant, action than others
were prevented by the eonservativism
of the latter from taking the action
they wished. The officers of the federation were instructed to make plans for
getting these militant unions into closer
touch with each other for purposes of
co-operation at times when . trouble
threatened any one of them.. The convention decided to appeal to the executive committee of the Trades and Labor congress of Canada to get into
touoh with the international officers of
the Timber Workers with a view to cooperating in the work of organii
that Industry in Canada. Local unions
and trades and labor councils are to be
requested to make more strenuous ef*
forts to oall attontion of the author!,
ties to the large number of unemployed,
and to insist upon the adoption of wider measures for their relief. Amendments are to be sought to the Truck
act, to prevent large corporations in
isolated districts from practically forcing their empoyecs to either spend their
wsges at the company stores, or to take
them out partly in goods from those
stores. Plans are to be laid whereby
unions on strike can notify all other
unions every week aa to the true conditions prevailing in the strike area.
Minera complained of the way the operators stopped $1 per month from
their wages to pay for doctor services,
and forced their employees to have the
doctor selected by the companies unless
they liked to pay extra for one of their
own choosing. The executive committeo waB instructed to uae all effort
to have the longshoremen included in
the new Workmen's Compensation ^ct.
Convention went on record against
the employment of white girls by Orientals in restaurants and elsewhere.
New Constitution tnd Ltw.
Beginning with next eonvention,
eaoh vice-president of the federation
will be required to present to the convention a report on the district under
his jurisdiction. After this year, the
president and secretary-treasurer only
will be elected in the conventions. Tho
vioe-preBidents will be elected by refer-
endum vote of tho districts. One mem*
ber will be added to the executive this
year from the dlatrlct of Prince Bu*
pert, and the vice-presidents will be
distributed as follows: Vancouver, 2;
Victoria, 1* Nelson, 1; New Westminster, ll Prince Rupert, 1; District 28, U.
M. W. A, I; District 18, U. M. W. A., 1.
Beports of Frtterntl Delegates. ..
Miss H. Outtorldgo gave her report
on the Washington State Federation of
Labor, which sho attended last week
as tho delegate of the B. C. Federation
of Labor. She rend a lengthy state*
ment dealing with unemployment which
will bo dealt with later in these columns, and gave the convention much
valuable Information bearing upon leg*
islatlon in that state which deals with
the work of women.
Frtterntl Delegate's Addrsss.
J. Hosking, fraternal delegate from
Washington State Federation of Labor,
waa at this time called upon to address
the convention. In the course of a
short but very inatruetive speech he
dealt with the legislation in that state
which had especial interest for the
working class. Speaking of the eight
hour law for women workers, he said
that a very determined attempt was
now being made to htve the law repealed. Persons were eanvasslng women workers of the poorest paid types,
like laundry workera, and1 asking them
to sign t petition against the law.
Washington workers wars seeking a
state employment agency to do away
with the private agencies which had become a scandal, Acting is collusion
with contractors thoy kept men continually coming and going from tnd to
jobs for the purpose et getting fees
from them. A "first aid" ltw was being sought to go along with their Compensation act. Chief among the legislation of the state was the Mothers'
Pension act, which enabled poor widows to keep their children with them
and bring them up, instesd of having
to send them into some Institution. Besides being more human it wu more
economical. Official • figures showed
that it cost $12.30 per month to keep
the average amall child in a charity
home, and 46.25 to keep it with its
mother. Efforts were also being made
to repeal this law as t blow tt the
rcstige of organised labor. Delegste
osking closed his address in terms of
praise for ths policy of agreements -between miners tnd operators which ts t
practical miner he considered had been
a great source of strengm and benefit
to the United Mine Workers of America.
The miners had a resolution before
.ue house seeking to do away with the
, discrimination now practiced against
those of their mejnbers who are chosen
I to go on gas committees tnd who is
many cases hsve bees dismissed after
making a true report of the condition
"* mines. Thoy seek to amend rule 87
— the Coal Mines Regulation tet to
read, "That the varloua mine inspectors be elected by papular vote from
among the membership actively engaged in the mining industry, and that
the salaries of those inspectors be paid
by the government. Tne eonvention
concurred in the resolution. To render
flrst aid in case of accident, the misers
seek a law making it compulsory for
mining 'companies to employ ambulance
corps of miners, asd equip their mines
with flrst aid boxes in convenient
Article on Picketing.
The executive council was instructed
to prepare a special article on the subject of picketing'at time of strike and
to have it published in The B. O; Fed
Jitney Busses.
Delegate W. Yates, of New Weatminster Btreet Bailway Employees' union,
presented a resolution to the effect that
'the executive of the federation be instructed to urge the proper authorities
to legislate regulations for "jitney"
busses in the interests of public safety.
1 Tnia was referred to the executive committee. It wss pointed out that the
present' agreement between the B. O.
Electric Bailway company and their
employees expired next June, tnd thst
if the influence of the federation was
to be used in a way which would benefit the company, t satisfactory understanding should flrst be obtained in the
interests of the men. The matter will
be acted upos immediately.
To prevent accidents from defeetive
gear, the longshoremen asked ttat ths
government be requested to appoint inspectors in all British Columbia ports.
Their actios was endorsed.
Audit Committee Report.
The audit committee reported that
they had examined the books and accounts of Secretary-treasurer Wells, and
'had found everything in good order and
the books well kept. The report was
Addition to Executive.
On recommendation of the constitution and law committee another vice-
president was added to the executive
committee. He will represent Prince
Rupert, and the province will be divided into vice-presidential districts, as
follows: Vancouver, 2; Victoria, 1;
New Westminster, 1; district eaat of
Vancouver, 1; Prince Rupert, 1; dlatrlct 18, United Mine Workers of America, 1; district 28, United Mine Work
ers of America, *t.
With' the opening of the session the
committee on officers' reports recommended thtt the reports- be accepted,
and congratulated the officers on the
manner in whioh they had conducted
the business of the federation in face
of great difficulties. These reports appear in another column containing the
proceedings of the Monday session. The
chief portion of the debate was confined to the report of the trustees of
The B. C. Federationist, and in which
the following delegates took part:
Watchman, Naylor, Robertson, Samson,
Day, Head, Outhrle, Shepherd, Foster,
Dubberly and McVety. The discussion
contained much vigorous criticism and
helpful suggestion, entirely free from
the acrimony which has marked discussion of Federatlonist affairs at some
of the past conventions. When the vote
on the question was taken there was no
dissenting voice.
Fintl Report on Resolutions.
The balance of the resolutions were
disposed of at this session. With respect to money sent by the provincial
government to various municipalities
for relief work, it was pointed out that
a condition was attached that not more
than 02 per day should be paid as
wages to men engaged on such work.
The executive was instructed to make
efforts and take aotion to have the
wages raised to the standard of 43 per
day. A suggestion that the work day
should be reduced from eight hours to
seven with a view to giving employment to more men, was adopted. The
clearing and division of land into amall
holdings will be urged upon the gov*
ernment by the executive, also tho no*
cessity of legislation to protect outside
electrical workers from tho dangers of
their work. The "jitney" bus Question ngaln came up in a resolution from
tho Victoria street railwaymen. The
samo course was adopted as in the case
of the similar resolution from Dolegate
Yates of the Westminster street rallwaymen, which was introduced earlier
In the sessions. The executivo were in*
structed to see that if the Influence of
the federation is to be used in a way
which will benefit the B. C. Electric
Railway company, some satisfactory
understanding is to be got from the
company as to their -attitude towards
(Continued on Page Four.)
Refiied Service
One Blook west of Court House.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Mr. Union Man
Are you eating Union-made Bread, are you
helping to maintain the Union Standard of living by
using goods produced by Union Labort
has the Union Label on every loaf, and in quality
and flavor it is unexcelled.
'    Phone Highland 573 and we will call at your
Corner 4th Avenue and Commercial Straet
When yoa bay
British Columbia Made
Every dollar spent in
Foreign Ooods is (one forever
Leclde Boots are Made in
Insist oa gating them, tnd yoa get
honest vtlue for yon money every
J. LECKIE CO, Limited
For Hardwire Stora and aniaa)
Sverythlajr tat tha Kitehtn
Phone Fair. -M7 .837 Main Stmt
I -iSToiTo jaTaija-tta
1915 Diaries and Calendar Pads
. Complete Uses of ttt Offlce Requirements.
We do all kinds of COMMERCIAL PBINTDfO'
I Thomson Stationery^Co., Ltd.
t   a« HAariNoa atRiiT wut vanoouvih, a. e.
IN thi wiaT
New and second-hand China, Crockery, Furniture,
Hardware and Stoves. Furniture moving and shipping. Telephone us when you have furniture for
sale. Highest prices paid.
Farther tbe Hon lnduitry Ifmraeat ty hum*
y- ■»- ^.^~~*b^        mm —*f sppsw■niprlatsd matter.. i»states
rRAOE5ruNI9N councilk     '•»  *—t  werkmeaaels.  sood  dlise	
£^£_w__™"™zr    msss and the ep-t3uEi| it tta dty.
Aixno vaamaa tiadu
Composed of Typographical Union, Web .»_»
men'a Union, Preu Aliments' Union, stereotypers
Bookbinders' Union, Fhoto-onfTavere' Unloa.
Phone:  Fairmont 110
Pattersons Chandler
Manufacturers of
Vaults, Curbing, Etc.
Offlce and Worka:
Cor. 16th Ava, and Main St,
Branoh Offloa: 40th A Fraser Avcs,
Has for years occupied a unique
position in Canada because such
a large portion of its working
population owned their homes.
This condition has largely
been brought about by the policy
of the B. C. Electric in steadily
advancing its extensions into
the outlying districts, thus making it possible for workingmen
to secure property at prices
within their reach and yet enjoy
the advantages of constant
transportation service to all
parts of the city.
Would the workingmen of
Vancouver have owned their
homes to such a great extent had
it not been for the provision of
the tram service afforded by the
enterprise of the B. C. Electric?
is strengthing
and good for you.
Its an excellent
tonic and nerve
food, and when
taken in the
evening induces
You Should
Try it
Dozen Pints for
Dozen Quarts for
Hudson's Bay
Granville and Georgia Streeta
New Quarters
Save Money on
Your Dental
In my new dental parlors
oVer the Birks old store,
Granville and HaBtings Sts.,
I have now better facilities
than ever for doing first-
class work at moderate
I want to get my new location known to all my old
patients and a great many
new ones, as I am doing the
very best work that oan be
turned out, at prices which
will make a very substantial saving on any work you
I make a specialty of porcelain and gold bridge-work.
A bridge to be perfectly satisfactory must fit so well
that you never notice it, and
it should be so strong that it
will laBt for years.
Of course, my methods are
absolutely painless. My patients do not experience the
slightest discomfort while
undergoing any kind of
treatment in my office.
Come and see me and let me
give yoii an estimate on the
cost of your work. You will
be surprised at the lowness
of my prioe.
Up~One Flight of Stain—
Over the Birks' Old Store—
Granville and Halting! Sta.
Absolutely Painless Extraction
BIST 16-inoh Fir Oordwood at $3.00 per load. Thia ta an
exceptionally good lot, and juit what yon need thta oold
flume Seymour 1936 for trial load.
will tare yon money. Quality guaranteed.
Thta ta the only ONION MUtiSD Goal in British Columbia.
Phone Seymour 6408
Una' Tweed and Worsted Suits np to $30 ior $14.78. Blue and
Black D.B. Stilts up to f 10 (or $7.05.  Overcoats up to 120 for $9.78.
309-315 Hastings St. West      Phone Seymour 702
63 Cordova StWet Watt Vancouver, B. O.
Phones:   Seymour 8258 and 8259
Wines, Liquors tnd Clgais
604 Main Street
Vancouver, B. C.
Unsqusllsd Vaudeville   Meant
S.4S, 7.80, S.1S    Seaeon'e Prlceat
Matinee, lie.; Kvenlngs, ISo., He.
Watch for Our Big Opening Sale
R. G. Buchanan & Co.
Vancouver's Select CHINA STORE
Now at 1126 Robson Street
(Continued from Page Four.)
the street rallwaymen's agreement
which expires June next. The government is to be requested to print all
school books in the government printing office at Victoria instead of them
being done by private firms as at present, and to distribute them to normal
school children free of charge. Federal
legislation will be asked for to abolish
all fees charged those seeking naturalization In Canada.
Action at Time of War.
The resolution introduced by Delegate Robertson on Monday, and favoring a general strike in case of declaration of war, was re-modelled by him after the initial debate and Introduced
again in the' following torn-,:
"Eesblved—That all lnbor bodies
throughout Canada and the United
States take up the discussion of such
questions as 'anti-militarism, general
strike,' and organization work, so that
tney will be in a position should occasion require, to take definite action in
such a way as will make war impossible."
Ih this form it was adopted by the
The value of what is known in some
American cities as "public defender,"
whose duty it is to defend poor prisoners, was brought to the attention of the
Convention, and the executive instructed to Urge for the appointment of such
officers in British Columbia.
No fraternal delegate will be sent to
next year's convention of the Washington State Federation of Labor, but two
will be sent to the convention of the
Trades and Labor congress of Canada
when it meets in Vancouver next September.
Mr. 0. Pettigrew, late international
board member of the United Mine
Workers of America, was present at
this time in the convention. This being
brought to the attention pf the chair,
Mr. Pettigrew was invited to address
the gathering and in the course of a
brief speech, said that although he
might soon be leaving this part of the
world he would always retain a close
interest in the B. C. Federation of Labor.
Election of Officers.
Election of officers for the coming
year was the first business of the after*
noon session. Fraternal Delegate j.
Hosking occupied the chair. President
A. Watchman and Secretary-treasurer
Wells wete re-elected by acclamation.
Vice-presidents were elected for the
various districts ai follows: Vancouver
—J. H. McVety and W. F. Dunhi Victoria—B. Simmons; New' Westminster
—W. Yates j Prince Eupert—W. E. Denning; Bevelstoke—J. Lyon; district 28,
United Mine Workers of America—S.
Guthrie; district 18, United Mine Workers of America—A. J. Carter. -
It was decided by the convention, on
motion, that the trustees for The B. C.
Federationist should be two this year
instead of three as last year. President
Watchman and Secretary Wells were
unanimously selected.
By formal motion the outgoing trus-
teeB—Messrs. Kelly, Gibb and Dough-
erty—were instructed to transfer the
shares of the federation in The B. C.
Federatlonist, limited, to the new trustees.
Vancouver was chosen aB the conven*
tion city for next year.
Trades Congress Delegates.
A spirited election marked the selection of delegates to the congresB convention. The voting came out thus:
Welsh, 6; Watchman, 18; Knudsen, t;
Wells, 18; Bobertson, 11. Watchman
and Wells elected.
It was decided that no printed pro*
ceedlnga would be issued in pamphlet
form. One thousand extra copies of
The B. C. Federationist Issue of this
week have been printed, and forward*
Oi to Secretary Wells for distribution
among those unions which do not sub*
scribe for the paper as a body.
The salary of the secretary-treasurer
will remain at the present figure of $30
per month.
The   Bocial   democratic   party  was
thanked for the use of its premises, in
which the convention was held.
Last Business.
A few resolutions, introduced just
previous to tbe close, were dealt with.
The question of members of unions belonging tb tbe militia was laid over, it
being pointed.out tbat the federation
Could not over-ride the constitutions of
international unions, and that the defect lay in those constitutions, which
should be amended.
The executive was instructed to urge
upon the government that tbe Factory
act be made applicable to all factories
no matter how few were employed
therein. At present five persons at
least must be employed before t workplace is recognised as a factory by ihe
The matter of devising a way whereby voters may vote on election dty in
any one electoral district was left to the
executive which was also instructed to
Immediately interview tbe government
and demand more effective measures for
the relief of the unemployed.
Effort will lie made to secure the release of Herman Elmer a German member of the United Mine Workers of
America who haB been interned by the
military authorities in Vernon gaol.
Tho convention adjourned at 5 p. m<
to meet next year in Vancouver at the
call of the executive board,
Shows Handsome Profit to Olty for
"Fiscal Year Just Closed,
Considerable comment iB heard on all
sides at this time regarding the principle of municipal ownership, owing to
the fact that some of the franchises of
the B. C. Electric become void some
foUr years hence. One is constantly being referred to Glasgow, London, and
European citieB, to illustrate the success of the system,; but very seldom is
there Sn oppbrtunity to obtain examples
in British Columbia.
fThe fiscal year having just ended for
Nelson, the financial report for the supply of electrical energy, which is owned
by the city, certainly forms an interesting document, inasmuch as there has
been no attempt whatever to show a
fictitious account in favor of the department; but, on the contrary, several items generally charged to capital
account and running expenses on other
departments of a city's administration,
are set down as charges against the
Stl 8J*8lem> showing a profit of $10,-
1)20.87 on a capital* outlay of $375,000,
and a turnover of $60,000.
The following arc a few of tho items
not generally included in the expenses
against the supply of electrical energy:
Capital Account
Extra transformer $1,269.17
Boathouse       107.90
Expenses and Donations.
Exhibition      (labor     fiiiDg
■-    "(to)  $ 622.36
Fruit fair ;M 12860
Ornamental    street   lighting
(material only)  ' 337,50
Painting street standards.... 201,49
Fire department  10,00
Police department  5400
Street railway work  3s]l5
Belamplng street lights..... 360.00
t/ everv   K>urmftJt+4
"TWW -**£#!&,   W 4tttJtt^j   a, fieuiv
lot-»--"*- $3,032.16
This sum, added to $10,020.87 already
given as profit, means an income of
iH'S03 T on ", capitalization of
$375,000. In addition to this proflt the
city has given free light to the hospital,
the schools, the fire hall, all public
buildings, lighted its streets free of
charge, and supplied all power to the
street railway gratis.
Phosphorous Hatches Banned.
No phosphorous matches will be manufactured in Canada after January 1,
1915, and none will be sold after January 1st.
The agitation to do away with the
phosphorous patches began several
years ago at a convention, at Berne,
Switzerland, of the International Labor association for labor legislation. Labor men and others interested in the
welfare of the workers in the match
industry, realized tlat the use of phosphorous provoked the disease known
ns "phossy jaw." This is a particularly ravaging malady.
J. Leckie Co., Limited, Receive Unsolicited Testimonial.
Speaking of the campaign now being
waged in Vancouver to patronize made-
in-B. C. industries, The Federationist
wishes to draw attention to tbe unsolicited testimonial published on page
four, addressed to the J. Leckie Co.,
limited, boot and shoe manufacturers,
from one whom it must be admitted is
competent to judgo of tbe value of shoe
wear. It .demonstrates, if anything,
tbat the Vancouver product is superior
to anything so far tried out by the army
authorities. There are many loggers,
miners and othor outdoor workmen in
this province who eould have verified
the statement long since. All of which
may account for the growing payroll;
and increasing orders for the J. Leckie
Co., limited.
No Introduction Necessary.
Bank Teller—This check is all right,
but you must be introduced. Can you
bring your husband!
Woman—Who—Jnokt Why if Jack
thought you wanted an introduction to
me he 'd knock your block off I
That printer again I A contemporary states that John mith (that isn't
the name, but it will do), has been
charged with deserting his "awful
0»rn.r Broadway tal willow
Phons Fairmont 2166
Miss Hall ahd Was Wsstlar,
Graduate BTnrsss
Optical Parlors
l. p. Mcintosh
638 braMilie Stmt
Phons Seymour 7076
South Wellington Coal
as sappUst ay
The Main Supply
Best Lump, ton.. .$6.75
Washed Nut, toil..$5.00
Delivered free within two miles.
Phone Your Order Now.
Mined In B. O. by B. O. Labor for
B. O. People.
To Hoard
Simply Stops
the Wheels of
122 Hastings St. West.
Vancouver, and McKay station,
Burnaby, B. C.
Clue at 1 o'clook Saturday.
cVtdtt+tto- ^*rrfa ~~&2   ^aJfa/-*M \*t\_   -<*-*.    t~~**/
*4*e,~t4Jlt *Vcx\t**a**4*',   •**»*/**.- >£# -*»  ^£tu6-£
*%_\ *yUta~ -Zr-Mi, -i^^a ^dt/^ Ae-'tyMbt
J. LECKIE CO. LIMITED Vancourer, B. C.
Watch it Burn
Watch bow Diether South Wellington
Ooal coku ta aoon m it le put oa the
fire; how it forme a lolid, flowing,
white-hoi mm.
Notice the hut It lends out—how
long it burni—how littta wute ther*
How long lt lute in your tin—and
how it Dili your bin.
Order • trial ton and learn the genuine ecomomy of "Diether Weight."
"Diether Ber-flce" la money In yonr
See the price:—
Guaranteed Genuine South WelUMton
.____ Coal mined at South Wellington, Van-
couver IslanaTB. C, and Sold by UI in Vancouver
at practically Cost in orSerTo keep Our men and
teams emyloyed.
OOAL.     Per Ton.
Lump, screened. $6.50
Nut, No. 1    6.50
Nut, No. 2    5.00
Pea ;    4.00
Blaok....    8.00
WOOD.   Per Load.
Dry eordwood, stove length. 43.01
Inside Sr..., .... .... ... 8.01
Firblflt,... i .. 8.5(
Kiln-dried kindling.. .. ;. 8.51
Dry eordwood, stove length
. ....(cord) 5.51
Settles tht fcest.   Satisfaction guaranteed.' Competition DeBed
-&&u7§{! tLHanbury & Co., Ltd Ers
We sre making t distrain* ol
til present stock of Office Puntf*
Office Furniture
Less Than Wholesale
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
Oome  earl?  tad  nuke reu
on the purchaae ot a piano la en important item—a real saving when
every quality that yon require ln a
piano li part pf your purchase. In
We offer an instrument of unusual
value—a Piano that li favorably
known the world around, and that is
In aotlve everyday uie throughout the
globe. You cannot do fetter thta
compare the Kohler k Campbell with
other pianoi yon know. Bee them
and you'll be convinced that they are
all that we repreient them. You'll be
surprised at onr low pricei. We alwaya have a large stock of used
Siianos ranging in prices from 1100.00
6 1300.00. Oome in and get onr
special pricei and terms.


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