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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 19, 1915

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SEVENTH W.£_   No. 8.
(In Veaeoev«r\
Olty, 4«.oo )
$1.60 PER YEAB
Fight to Abolish the Afternoon Shift Is Coming
to a Close.
Five Hundred Thousand Ao
tion Is Regarded as
a Huge Farce.
(Special Australian Correspondence.)
I have already recorded the miners
strike against the second or afternoon
shift in the Newcastle, N. S. W., dis-
trict, which has now been in progress
for some seven months. The latest de
velopment is that the miners are still
on strike at the five collieries—Pelaw
Main, Hebburn, Stanford Merthyr,
East Greta and Whitburn collieries. The
second named, according to persistent
rumors, which have not been denied by
the company, are on tlie point of caving in to the men.
But at this juncture the firm of coal
barons, Messrs. J. ft A. Brown, who
havo gained some notoriety for strikes
here, and may be classed IA common
with ooal barons of Nanaimo and other
mines on Vancouver Island, have issued
a writ against the miners union for
$500,000. The coal barons allege that
damages to this extent have arisen
from the detention of and demurrage
' on ships and general loss of trade and
othor losses incurred by it in consequence of the minors refusing to work
the second or afternoon shift. Thus it
will be gathered from this, that even
if the men are on the strike, the coal
owners are losing more than they bargained for.
ThiB is the flrst case of its kind in
Australia, but I believe that suoh a
ease was heard in Wales some time ago.
This case hero is to be a test case, and
will, if successful, be the fore-runner
of others on the same   matter.   The
.'case will be set down for hearing in
the course of a few weeks, ond while
the miners union will not say anything
concerning it, they will, of course, defend it strenuously. Thus far, however, the federation of the miners re*
fuse to have anything to do with it,
alleging that they accept no responsibility in the matter for the actions of
/the men.
This is a good stand to take up, and
.will provide much interesting evidence.
Of course, the miners, unofficially are
taking tho whole matter as a huge joke,
for several reasons. They say with
kuich mirth that Brown will not get one
dollar, let alone $500,000, since they
have nothing to pay and have no
cfatittels to be levied upon. This is
where "legality" and common sense
differ in tho widest possible manner. It
fn&y be that Brown can recover "legally" but as to getting his money—
well that is another mater.
The general opinion is that Brown,
having made himself the laughing
stock of Australia, will be induced to
back down. Perhaps this would be the
best way out of the difficulty—for
Brown, seeing that ho has already lost
io much. It iB not wise to further add
:o ones liabilities.
Behind all this comes the news that
one company is making efforts with the
men as recorded above to get their
mine working. Conversations have already been exchanged over the matter,
and there it rests for the present. It
will be Been that if this mine gets working, the bottom will drop out of
Brown's caae—a fact that he seems
painfully aware of. He is making desperate efforts to keep the Hebburn
company from arranging with the men
to work, which oompany Ib just as desperate in trying to get its mine   at
[ Publlo opinion is now against the
mine owners, for the fact remains that
the coal industry is still going on, with-
f out the afternoon shift, and people aro
> beginning to ask, if it ean go on for
seven months thns, why not altogether.
.The general opinion iB that the owners
are trying to end the struggle with as
little swallowing of pride as possible.
It has cost them a lot of money and the
miners are still on top. On the other
hand they are losing all their trade.
This year's contracts, are going to the
other mines that are' working and the
Ave obstinatos are being left out in the
chilly cold.
W. F. A.
DISASTER  $250,000
Under tbe Alberta Workmen's
Compensation act thi Hlllcrest collieries will pay over to tha dependants of the miners who lost their
Uves in the Hlllcrest mine on June
19   laat   approximately   $850,000.
The agreement between the company aad the representatives of the
United Mine Workers of America
provided for the payment of th*
full compensation, namely, $1,800
to the dependents of 67 deceased
miners, and it is the opinion of the
officials of the union that this number will be brought up to 90,
Thirty-two of the deceased men
were Austrians. Their rights have
been acknowledged by the company but no compensation will be
paid their dependents who reside
ln Austria until peace has been declared between Austria and Oreat
Boys for British Farms,
Wo regret to have to call atention to
i public scandal so gross that we feel
ure it will bring the blush of shame to
he face of every man and woman in
hese islands who has a shred of do*
ency or humanity. The scandal is that
f driving a coach and six through the
Iducntlon acts in order that children
f tender age, girls as well as boys, may
o put to work on farms in order the
tore rapidly to gratify farmers' greed
ir calamity profits.—London Daily
Parliamentary Committee Recommends That the T. and
L. Council Put Forward Full Ticket for Vancouver
'-.   at Forthcoming Provincial Elections
Unions To Be Requested to Nominate Members—Mass
Meetings Will Be Held and Candidates Finally
Chosen by Referendum
Perplexing Problem Presen-
sented to Organizations
to Relieve Distress
Last Wednesday night's meeting of the Parliamentary committee of Vancouver Trades and Labor council decided unanimously that at the next election for the provincial parliament, a full ticket of six candidates should be
put forward for election, by the Trades and Labor counoll. The meeting waa
larger than usual, and consisted of representatives from twenty-five unions.
The question pf laying plans to Secure the election of working class candidates to the provincial legislature at the next election was discussed ln all Its
bearings, and li was agreed by all present that the council should ba urged
to work for that end. All suggestion of alliance or co-operation wltb any othor
political party was rejected, and lt was the unanimous opinion that if any
action is to be taken lt must be on absolutely independent lines. The following resolution was adopted:
That this committee recommends to the Trades and Labor council
that a committee of three br appointed to drculaiiie the unions ud .
ask them to place ln nomination members of thalr organisations to become candidates for submission to a referendum election of the unions
to be held at a date to be fixed later, six to be the mail rnnm number
that any one union can nominate,   -
It li intended that when theae candidates are nominated, the council shall
call a series of mass meetings, which will be addressed by them, so that the
membership can decide which, ln their opinion, are the most suitable men to
be candidate's at the forthcoming election. The result of this plan will be, that
at the final referendum, all bnt six will be eliminated, and they will be the
official ticket of the Trades and Labor council. Tbe necessity for absolutely
Independent action was particularly emphasised and made perfectly clear, and
lt was agreed that all other political parties should be strenuously opposed
in following out that policy. It was felt that the time had come to make an
effort to secure such legislation as a satisfactory workmen's compensation
act, and other laws for the benefit of the working class, by political effort.
Mere industrial organisation, and continual pleading with the government
for such things having failed to bring good results, it was felt that nothing
short of electing trades unionists to the legislature would, bring about the end
desired, It was realised that ways and means would mave to be provided,
and a committee will at once set to work to solicit financial assistance from
those wbo sympathise with the plan, and to supplement the efforts of the council in that respect,
Local Postal Employees Second Annual Grand Get-
Unusually Fine Programme
' of Music, Song and
Forgetting for the moment the worry
of deciphering almost illegible addresses and of collecting extra postage
on unstamped letters, three hundred
employees of the city post office and
their friends enjoyed a delightful three
hours on Monday evening as the guests
of the Vanoouver branoh of the Postal
Clerks'Association of Western Canada.
The occasion was the second annual
smoking concert of tho organisation.
Mr. B. G. Macpherson, postmaster, by
request, presided and the programme included a number of unusually fine musical selections by the postoffice orchestra and individual artists. The guests
included Mesars. H. E. Harrison, assistant postmaster, R. F. Drummond, senior
mail clerk; N. Hatt, railway mail service, and J. Motcalf, president of the
Letter Carriers' association, together
with members of the Railway Mail
Clerks' association and the Letter Carriers' association.
The speeches of the evening, some
serious, others given in a humorous
vein, were full of good-fellowship and
indicated in a large measure the spirit
of co-operation existing between the
employees of the various branches of
the department here.
Those who contributed to the evening's entertainment included: Messrs.
N. Williamson, S. Spence, M. Gill, O.
W. Askam, J. Cunningham, A. H. Cap-
lin, M. Morgan, H. Shearer, 0. Tossell,
L. Holland, G. Goss, A. Peebles, J.
Holden, S. Nash, J. O. Clucas, W. F.
Eve, W.,McLellan Moore, Arthur Ains*
ley, A. Strang, McGregor and D. Mo*
Culloch, A large share of the credit
for the success of the smoker is due to
the stewards and the committee of
management, consisting .of Messrs. H.
Cairns, president of tho Postal Clerks'
association; F. H. Middlemiss, vice-
president; A. S. Black, secretary; H.
S. Lyon, treasurer; A. B. Davidson, J.
Cunningham, J. W. Jones, S. Nash and
N. Williamson. The stewards woro
Messrs. J. A. Norrls, A. Butcher. E. McAllister, 3. Hnapton, H. Ssiarinl, H.
Matier,J. J. Murray and T. Blair. Refreshments and cigars were passed
round during the evening.
Ara This Week Attending District 18
Convention at Lethbrldge.
Frank Farrington and Robert Foster
are this week attending the Lethbrldge
convention of District IS, United Mine
Workors of America. They will arrive
in Vancouver on Monday en route to
tbe island.
Help for Miners' Families.
Quite a few have responded to the
appeal, made by Miss Gutteridge
through The Federatlonist, for assistance for the families of miners on Vancouver island. But there is plenty of
need for more. Read the "call" elsewhere in this Issue,
Stupid, Expensive and Inefficient Piece of Labor
Typical   Case   Illustrating
Need for More Common
Sense Act
Every week the local courts are busy
threshing out workmen's compensation
oases, as the result of accidents in the
industrial world. As might be expected,
with the present inadequate legislation,
the lawyers get the lion's share of the
verdict, TMs practical working out of
the present act has mase lt a farce
since the first day it was placed on the
statute books of the province. It waa
made by lawyers for lawyers. There
was a time when tbe more optimistic
had hopes that the act would contain
at least some measure of benefit for the
people for whom it was supposed to be
passed. That impression has completely died out until to-day, tbe mere mention of an injured workman expecting
to obtain indemnity for his injuries,
through the act, brings forth expressions of contempt and incredulity. Even
if the present act had worked, as some
people had hoped it would, it was lamentably deficient insofar as the
grades of workers, included in its provisions, were concerned. Several of the
basic industries of the provinoe, such
as lumbering and fishing, were totally
unprovided for, either by design or
sheer incompetency of those responsible
for the framing of the act.
A Case ln Point.
An Ingenious working model of a
ship's wench with double booms and
various guys and falls, as Is used in unloading craft along the waterfront, was
brought into the supreme court in Vancouver this week to assist a special jury
in understanding exactly how Longshoreman Fred Dixon was hurt on June
6 last. Dixon is suing the Victoria-
Vancouver Stevedoring company for
unstated damages for injury to his
right foot which has had to be amputated.
According to Dixon's story given in
evidence,' he was at work on the date
of the accident for Messrs. Balfour,
Guthrie ft Co. unloading the Harrison
liner Musician. Bundles of iron rods
40 feet long and 1% inch thick were
being lifted out of the hold by means
of double slings, and deposited on the
wharf where Dixon had to release the
slings. He said that one load came up
consisting of several 40-foot bundles
with two slings on, and on top of them
a short bundle of 10-foot,rdds held by
only one sling. The winch man let the
bundles drop on tho. wharf and then as
Dixon went to step up olose to tbem,
jerked the bundles up again so that tho
short bundle came loose and dropped on
his foot, badly smashing it up. Dixon
has only a stub left as a result of tho
Mr, J. W. deB. Farris, wbo is acting
as counsel for Dixon, Ib alleging negligence and wrong slgnalB to the winch
tender as the oause of the accident.
Mr. E. V. Bodwell, H. C, for the do-
fence, Is alleging that the accident was
due to Dixon's own carelessness and
negligence. The trial is before Mr.
Justice Morrison and a special jury.
Hundreds of Hungry Men,
Women* anfl Children
in Victoria
The unemployed problem ia Btlll to
the fore in thifi" city of Victoria and
supreme over any other problem, challenges solution. For many months now,
the situation, on the other hand, from
remaining the same, has gone from bad
to worse. So much so that the scope
that the problem covers has auumed
wider proportions. For many months
now the poor have been with us and the
procession of jobless workers in search
of the '' invisible,!'' Morning after
morning men are to be seen at the different bureaus and Btreet corners, not
knowing which way to turn in order to
get the means of life. Everywhere one
can hear worjfa "nothing doing.-'-'
While the leading politicians and their
vassals, the press, continue to extol the
glories of the country and its possibilities, the unemployed! faced by the gruesome realities of want have a different
tale ti} tell. Why men should starve
with a country full of plenty at the
back of them and poverty in front of
them is a phenomenon demanding explanation. Men with skill and energy
wrapped up in their carcass, available
for the production of the necessaries of
life, yet denied the opportunity to do
so. And perchance the opportunity is
given the conditions under which they
work is df a degrading character. This
is the prevailing condition under which
many people'live in the Capital Oity of
the much vaunted tast great west.
In order to deal with 'the situation
various movements were formed. The
different friendly and fraternal societies, many of whoso members were out
of work, formed .themselves into a body
called the "Friendly Societies' Exchange." The unemployed themselves
appointed a committee.! to deal with the
matter. A "Central Unemployment and
Belief Committee" has also j>een form'
ed, largely through the activities of
the last nam^d JBoayuittee,, and. composed df TepreseiftatiVea from various
organizations. This committee has
opened a bureau for registration purposes, also for Undine employment. Up
to the present nearly 900 men have
registered, which is not fifty per cent,
of the total in the city. In fact, according to the statement of the mayor,
in a recent issue of the Canadian Municipal Magazine, there are 2,500 unemployed in the city, and he is the last
man to exaggerate on the numbers.
With the existence of that number of
unemployed one would think that the
authorities would make some attempt
at alleviating the conditions. Bat such
is not the case. The provincial government has been approached -by various
-bodies, and were asked to start up work
of various kinds, with no success. In
some cases they were promised "earnest consideration," and in others, nothing at all. In fact, Sir Richard availed
himself of a trip to England^ while the
unemployed cqmmittee was awaiting a
reply from him; so great was his concern for the destitution that at the time
prevailed. The municipal authorities
also have been asked to start up work,
and what little has been done in response to that request, has been done
at a considerably reduced wage. Private employers have been asked to have
certain work done at this time, with
similar success. Meanwhile want and
distress continues in our midst. Men
who have lived in the oity for .years
are in the same needy position as those
of more recent arrival in the city.
Many of them have property, yet are
compelled to appeal to the various charitable organizations for assistance. The
men who are murried and with families depending on them have to appeal
to these societies for food and clothing. The single men are compelled to
appeal to the mayor for individual help.
In fact, the mayor's office for about
one hour each morning consists of listening to the tales of these people. The
married people he usually Bends to the
Friendly, Help society, who already
complain that that they have already
more needy people on their hands than
they can possibly look after. The single
men are given a meal ticket to the W.
C. T. U. mission, also the Strangers'
Best, at the city's expense. In the
cases of men who are new arrivals in
the city they are turned empty away,
while those who hang around saloons
for most of the time—well they are referred to the solicitous attention of the
police officer stationed in the anti-room
for that purpose, and when told by that
gentleman to "beat it," their future
visits are' regulated by that wisdom
which is said to be the better part of
valor. In some cases, single men have
received notes for the rock-pile, where
some of the citizens of the nation's now
at war with Britain are stationed. Some
think that this is an imposition on British subjects to be placed in the position
where they have to work with aliens,
and at aliens' wages. They receive
$1 per cubic yard of rock broken, and
the few British subjects who liavo pone
there find all they can do is to earn 75
cents per day—the price of threu meals
only, to say nothing of clothing and
shelter, and few have kept the notes as
souvenirs, while others declare that
they will go to tho rock-pile- only when
ordered thero by the court,, and not before. Another innovation, as a solution
for the unemployfd ttrbblem, is tho
Salvation Army wrud-yard. Some time
ago the Salvation Army, whieh is noted
for its Bcab-produ ing, genius, approached the city council with the following
scheme: They /oreJ desirous of starting up a wood-: ard^   They, obtained aB
result of thiir r<jy n-set, tho freo uso
of   some   time., ff-juhed   up   on   tho
T. and L. Council Unanimously Adopt Recommendations
of Parliamentary Committee That Candidates Be
Nominated for Next Provincial Elections
Protest to License Board Against Employing Asiatics
on Licensed Premises—Opposes Raising Property
Qualification for Aldermen to -Six Months.
Review of Splendid Wort
Done by Women'a Employment League.
* Laat nlght'i meeting of the Tradei and Labor council wai veil attended,
and a number of new" delegatea were seated. J. B. Osborne, the "blind orator," wrote aiklng that t meeting be organlied, at wblch ha would apeak, but
ln view of'the, lut one, it waa not countered advisable to organise another it
preient. The queitlon of the council having a builneii agent wu laid aalde far
twelve, monthi owing to lack of fundi. Delegatea McVety, Sully and Hoover
were appointed a committee to repreient the council la goaaoetloa with the securing of Jitney Jbua regulations. Protest will be made ft the government
agalnit the proposal to extend the property-owning qualification for aldermen
from one nWth to sir months. The parliamentary committee recommended the
adoption of plans for going into the next provincial election. Details of these
proposals appear ln another column. The council adopted them unanimously.
President J. a. McVety reported having appeared before the license' commls-
sMhers to protest against employment of Asiatics on licensed premises. He did
not think commissioners would accede to the request He nude special reference to the assistance given to the council in this matter by the Women's Employment league. With respect to relief work tbe preildent reported that 8,100
single men were being fed daily, and between 600 and 700 famlllee were' being
relieved. In reference to a statement made at a liberal party meeting this
week, that organlied labor officers were not acting vigorously enough ia trying
to secure better workmen's compensation legislation. It wai pointed out that
the B. O. Federation of Labor aad the various Hades councils had beeh busy oa
this matter for some yean, but they had not .aeon fit to adopt a draft workmen'! compensation act framed by Mr. John Oliver, although they had been requested to do so. Secretary-treasurer Miss H. Outterldge reported on tbe work
of the Women's Employment league since its inception. Eleven hundred women had been helped, and seven hundred were still on the .books of the league.
Musicians reported that their International union had placed the D. 0. K. K.
band and orchestra, which is connected with the Knights of Pythias on the unfair list. Street railwaymen reported men being laid off ln the mechanical
department. Pressmen will hold a dance on April loth ln Lester hall. Bartenders will bold a "smoker" next Thursday ln Pender hall It was. decided to
press upon the dominion government the desirability of establishing mothers'
pensions to enable widowed women to support their children.' Delegate Pettlplece said rumor had reached htm that at a recent mass meeting of carpenters
statements had been made reflecting seriously on the council. He moved that
a committee be selected to.visit tbe carpenters and asked that he be made a
member of the committee. The motion was adopted and delegates McVety,
Pettlplece and Knowles appointed as the committee. The council .decided to
subscribe tto to the city hospital so that lt eould have a seat oa the board of
governors. The meeting adjourned at 9:40.
A report of'the work of tbe Women1!
Employment League, from the time of
its organisation, shows that since 0*-
tober 1, 1914, up to February 9, UU,
some 1189 women have registered thei*
names as seeking employment.   Out df
this number 483 have bees placed ia
positions, chiefly domestic.  Many havo/-
been given relief, deserted wives oat
widows.receiving groceries, while meal
tickets to the value of 4275 have been
-;ven ont.   Theee meal tickets* proved
- veritable boon to women who wen
absolutely in need of food and whom
it was not poetlble to find work let
immediately.    £ •
-   —tlMteaoa Llit
5- Begistration.   Helped
Stenographers.......    130 38
Office assistants u .     49 14,
Bookkeepers.. . " .     22 14
Phone operators.. ,.',     18 ' S
Store* clerks .44 14.
Waitresses.,  ...  ,,      34 it
Laundresses..  ....      24 "5
Tailoresses.. .....      35 18
General housework .    286 169 *
Housekeepers.   ...     88 22
Cooks  ..      31 9
Chambermaids ....     1*8 22
Nurse maid      42 14
Trained nurses..  ..81 6
Teachers.. ......       6 1
Milliners      19    , 4
Dressmakers      125 80
Garment worken ..      59 27
Day workere......    165 32
beach of one of the islands, near the
city. They also got the free use of a
vacant piece of property, to the rear of
the city hall, and on which the city has
to pay taxes; also the free use of city
tools. The other wood-yards had to pay
rent for their own property, the wood
and tools. The Salvation Army thns
had the advantage. Of course, the
other wood-yards employed Chinamen
at the rate of tt per day, but even that
was improved on by the S. A, They
paid1 the men who cut the logs into
eordwood lengths, 81*00 per cord, and
those who cut the oord lengths into
stovo blocks another 81*60 per cord,
and those who cut the cord lengths into
stove blocks another #1.60 per cord.
They arranged it, however, that no man
was to cut more than one-half a cord at
a time, a piece of work whioh it took
about six or eight hours to perform.
Thus we flnd, that in spite of what we
say about yellow labor, we find Chinamen working for 82, and white men
working for 75 oents per day. Without
this, the S. A. made it appear that
they were running this undertaking at
a loss, and on the plea that they were
doing a work of charity, had the sublime nerve to ask the oity couneil to
grant them 6250. There was such a
squeal about it at the time, that the
finance committee, though thoy had decided to grant the same, cut it down to
660. Furthermore the same institution
was responsible for sending meu to do
longshoremen's work, at a lower rate
than that in the scale of the longshoremen's union. So'successful has been
the wage lowering activities of the
same institution, that the Colonist, the
newspaper that payB its morning obll-
tion to the McBride government, now
advocates paying city workmen 61.60
per day. Somo time ago they were in
favor of 62 per day, but now that the
standard wage has been lowered by this
so-called religious body, tbe same pa*
per now advocates 81.50. The wood-
yard is only employing a few men, how*
over. It can employ no more than the
demand for its wood will permit. At
present the wood is stacked up in the
yard awaiting buyers, which means
that inasmuch as they are not employing tho men for the mere love of doing
so, they lay the men off pending the
sale of the same. By tho way, this is
a splendid example of just why an unemployed army exists. The workers of
this country, like those of any othor,
have created wealth in abundance, and
laid it at their masters' feet. It lays
thero until the market consumes it. The
markets are full of the product of their
energy, yet they are denied the privilege of using it. The country is immense in its wealth of natural resources, and the hand of labor is here
to create it into finished product. Tet
the workors grovel in want. Tho unemployed situation is no different in Victoria than in any other city in the dominion of Canada, or, in fact, tho whole
world. Everywhere where capitalism
has planted its iron heel, thero exists
on one hand, a class with colossal
wtalth laid nt its feot by tho work-
ers, and at a Iobs to know whnt to do
with it all, and on tho other hand tho
class that has created it, faco to face
with want nnd its gruesome conso-
quencos. Tho government, both pro-
vtnclal and municipal, nro treating the
Situation with indifference. They havo
been approached time nnd time again,
with little or no results. Deputations
have asked thom to dool with tho problem by offering particular schemes that
might be applied in tho way of relief.
The government hns not in its powor,
under tho present soclnl order, to Bolvo
tho problem. The bOBt thoy can do Is to
offer palliatives. Tho ultimato solution
lies with theh workers thomselvcs. By
grasping, as thoir masters hnve done,
tlie moans of economic and political
powor, they will nbollsh poverty and
its consoquent ovils, not only for
themselves, but for tho society thnt iB
tofollow. J. L. M.
Mining Fatalities in the Do-
minion Greater Than
in Other Countries.
Half the Coal Miners of.B.
C. Killed Every Fifty-
Six Years.
A report of the Canadian Conservation Commission shews that from. 1868
to 1908 the following were the average
annual fatality rates in various coun*
tries from coal mine accidents per one
thousand employed: Belgium, 1.03;
Oreat Britain, 1.3; France, 1.65; Prussia, 2.13; United States, 3.5; Canada, 5.
While Oreat Britain kills only four
coal mine's out of every three thousand
employed, Canadian mines kill five
miners out of every thousand. The
report adds: "Perhaps the worst as*
pe.. of the situation is the fact that
tho death rate from coal mine accidents
haB been steadily on the increase for a
number of years."
In 1909 there were 477 fatal accidents among the 6,418 coal miners of
B. C. (a death rate of 8.88); 34 fatll*
ites among the 12,083 coal miners of
Nova Scotia (a death rate of 2.65);
and 9 fatalities among 5,207 coal miners of Alberta (a death rate of 170).
This loks good for Alberta, but along
come the Bollevue disaster, and shoved
the death rate above that of British
Columbia. The B. C. death rate means
that one half the coal minors of that
provinco aro killed in the mines every
fifty-six yoara.
Secretary W. Fraser of Portland
Canal Miners' union. No. 181,
Stewart, B. O., advises The Federationist that the big Portland canal
tunnel job closed down on Dec. 31st
last and so far no settlement for
three months' wages hu been
made with the employees. The victims naturally feel that some governmental provision should bo
made to prevent alleged big companies pulling off inch iwindles. It
is noticeable enough that where a
worklngman owes anybody anything there is ample provision mode
for humiliating and worrying aim
nigh to exasperation with governmental machinery available, fer
the collection of debts, from the
small debts court np. Such swindles as the above one may not be,
strictly speaking, "getting money
under false pretences," bnt lt is
surely getting good hard labor under the same heading. Another
case of where property interest!
are amply protected, but labor,
thanks to its own political stupidity, must shift for Itself. Wben
will the workers decide to bave
tbelr own representatives write
aad enforce the law?
The Large Numbers Seeking
Work Made the Task a
Difficult One.
Still on booka.
1,189 1,189
Shortly after this organisation wan
formed it was found that it would bf
impossible to place all unemployed wo
men in domestic positions or to aceepl
offers pf homes in return for service!
not only beoause the women saekinl
work outnumbered the positions, bA
also a number of them were either supporting or practically supporting soma
relative. Widows and deserted wivei
with children to support, women with
mothers dependent en them for personal and financial assistance, and girll
who were assisting to keep the family
together, the father being out of work,
all had to be taken into consideration.
After due consideration the manufao*
ture of dolls and toys was started, on
which the unemployed women worked
at Carvel hall, Bobson street. From
the middle of November until Christmas some.260 women were given employment in the factory, averaging
three days each per week at 63.50; th*
total wages paid out up to January 21.
1915, being 62,453.55.
Somo three weeks before Christmaa
the gooda manufactured' were put on
sale, and realized, together with other
work such ns dressmaking, etc., going
on nt Carvel hall, the eum of 82,593.65,
leaving a stock on hand valued at 81,-
The 62,000 grant from the city treasury was used fer the purpose of pay
ing wages; the stock and plant necea
sary to manufacture wae purchased out
of the money donated by various socio
ties and persons.
The books of the league have beef
audited and reports made to local organisations and tho press.
Street Bailway Conductor Dies.
Peter Cumming, conductor, a member
of Division No. 101, A. A. of 8. and E.
B. E. of A, died on Thursday afternoon, nt the general hospital. The fun-
oral will take plaoe on Saturday afternoon, at 2:30 o'clock, from the Mount
Pleasant Undertaking parlors, under
the nuspices of the members of tho
Without a Mayor.
Vancouver is without a mayor.
Through a technicality in the matter of
property qualification, L. D. Taylor has
been unseated by the supreme court*
Another election is ordered.
Premier McBride
Says Some Relief
Must Be Granted
A deputation from Vancouver
Central Belief association, which
is made up of representatives
from 22 organisations in the city,
interviewed the Provincial government lost Tuesday in an effort
to secure some financial assistance from them towards relieving the unemployed. It was
brought to tho attention of Premier McBride that tho situation,
instead of being hotter, had become worse during the past few
month*. It wae pointed out that
during tho twelve months ending
March, 1014, the Provincial government had spent 640,091.26 in
bringing immigrants to British
Columbia. Of that sum 614,682
had gone to tho Saivatlon Army.
Vancouver city had spent 646,000
on transient-relief during the
lust six months, the January bill
alone being 410,000. A notable
feature of the relief work had
been that no Orientals or Jews
had applied for relief, and very
few Americana. Premier McBride
said that it was not the intention of tho government to assist
Vancouver in relieving its ordinary unemployed. That was a
duty devolving upon each muni;
clpnlity. But if tho government was convinced that the present situation was of the extraordinary and unprecedented nature which the delegation said it
was, then some relief would be
given. PAGE TWO
Capital  ud  Reserve,    .    $8,800,000
86 Branches In Canada
A general  banking business  trana- •
Savings Department
Intszest allowed at Uthtit
Current Bats
110 Haatinge Stnet Bast
A. W. Jarvia, Ksaaier.
Paid-up Capital
Total Aeeete *
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
bualneee will bt welcome bo It largo ar
fNew Wutmluter.. .W. A. Maiden, Box OSt
Prince Rupert. .. ..W. E. Denning, Box fi!I
Vlotoria A. 8. Welle, Box 1638
If you ean nave each week
even a small amount you are invited to open a Savings Account
with The Bank of Toronto.
Small depositors are as well
eared for ae large ones. A dollar
will start a Savings Aeeonnt, and
interest is added to Savings Balance! half-yearly.
Oonur Hastings and Carrall Sta.
Published every Friday morning by the
B. c. Federatlonist, Ltd.
R. Parm Pettipiece... Manager
J. W* WUUnaon....  Bdltor
Office: Room 817, Labor temple
Tel. Exchange Sey. 7416.
Subscription: $1.50 per year; Jn Vancouver
City, 12.00: to unlona subscribing
In a body, |1.00 * .
ASIi.ud with the Waiters Lsbor Preaa
"Unity of Labor; the hope of the world."
organisations composed of wok-
ing mon, who are eonsoiously trying, either rightly or wrongly, to improve the matefial condition of their
class, are often derided for their lack
of cooperation, and
for the apparent
paucity of good re
<v suits from their
efforts, Workingmen conservatives and
liberals, flnd much pleasure in twitting
of that kind, and point with fatuous
prido to the unanimity 'of purpose
which pervades the organizations to
which they have pinned' their political
They might just as well quote
the habits of sheep following the flock
leaders as a sign of intelligence. Such
people do not think for' themselves,
They leave that to others, and are con-
tent to simply follow and believe. Perhaps it is because they have not the
mental equipment necessary to thought
volition. Maybe it is because they are
too lazy, or their minds are too thickly
encrusted with barnacles of that inherited stupidity which finds expression
in the sentient that what was good
enough for their fathers is good enough
for them. Very few things which satis-
fled our parents should be tolerable to
us in our day, if we expect to contribute much pf abiding worth to the pro*
gress of mankind. That is. the general
sentiment which lies at the back of the
working class endeavor to attain better
things. But it has: various and particular ways of manifesting itself, and
what really are many methods of seeking the same object, are mistaken by
those who cannot recognize the forces
of progress in solution, for cross purposes and irreconcilable antagonism.
similar in character, but far more grave
in extent, to that which prevailed at
the close of the Napoleonic wars-. Those
whose business it is to foresee and prepare for such conditions, aro already
busy on schemes to reduce the embarrassment of the authorities when
the time arrives for doing so.
* * * r* *
Our friends of the Salvation Army,
those ghouls of the industrial battlefield,
are oven now getting their machinery
in working order, to transport the jobless workers of Britain to other lands
when their King and Country no longer
need them. Commissioner Lamb, of the
Salvation Army emigration department
has just returned to England from Canada, whence he came to look over the
ground. He reports having been received very favorably by "government
officials and leading men'-' over here,
and who promised to assist in further/
ing plans for the absorption of immigrants from Britain at the end of the
war. From all appearances, the government over there will make grants to
localities, for the purpose of financing
the business of eiiling thousands of
those who have given up their jobs to
face privation and death in the defence of "their coofitry." We hope
that those men, when the time comes,
will show the same flgnting spirit whieh
is needed; to face steel and bullets, to
the government of Britain, and the
capitalist interests whose war. this
really is.  If they have their way, these
A.  McDonald, ^at Fernie, B. C, judgment was awarded to Topay.
1 •  ■'   #       #       #.
Other cases involving the same point
have resulted in similar decisions. They
are of. sepecial interest to working
men. This was realized by- the United
Mine WorkerB of America in the
Crow's Nest Valley, and they distributed printed copies of Judge McDonald's decision for the guidance and information of their "alien enemy"
members. The Elmer ease was, of
course, of a different nature, but reading over the terms of the proclamation
it is difficult to see why he should be
detained in Vernon gaol as he is at
present. If the truth were known both
he and the other German or Austrian
members of the mine workers left their
native shores as much to escape the
conscription and militarism of those
countries as for any other reason.
prived of their legVl right to remain
at school The bovine stupidity and
conservative ignorance of the British
agricultural laborer has been too valuable to the farmers in the past for them
to have any such regrets. The only
force trying to quash the iniquitous attempt to wring profits from the immature bodies of the country children is
the Agricultural Laborers1* union.
  sons" over there have given voice to
men may go to the devil and the dia^f their disgust.   A  conference  waa  re-
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities in Hind
Vanning, - Dairying, Stock ud
.Poultry. British Columbia
. Grant! Pre-emptions of IN aeres
to Aetual Bottlers—
TERMS—Besidence on tho land
for at least three years; improvements to the extent of 45 per
acre; bringing under cultivation
at least Ave acres.
Ior furtner Information apply to
lid-up union card entitles
i all tbe privileges of the.
Temple Club,   Try It
Oo Into a gathering of conservative
or liberal' working men and listen for
J a while to their trite twaddlings, and
mark the pitiful way in which, through
their own language, they repeat   the
age-old humbug of . their   respective
parties.  Then go into a group of labor
unionists who study, the   movement.
Listen to the play of thought and ideas,
as they strive to fathom the depths of
their class problem.   Borne will support
the view that industrial action alone
ean accomplish the   solution.   Others
will maintain that politics must  be
adopted for that purpose.   Argument
will flow fast and fervent as to which
particular school of political thought is
the best to adopt,' and in the end the
discussion will result in half a dosen
rival groups each equipped    with   a'
wealth of reasons for their conclusions.
That Is the deadhead's   opportunity.
He will eay ouch peole get nowhere.
But in that he is mistaken.   It means
mental activity as   opposed   to   the
thought stagnation which he deems, his
superior wisdom.   And out of it, in all
due time and season, will come plans
and ideas capable of practical adaptation and application to the solution of
the working class problem.   Meantime,
while the leaven is at work, it is better
to be "getting nowhere" than to be
stumbling back into the blind alleys
and mental morrasses whloh the workors of fifty years ago believed to be
the high road to happiness.
card, once they have done the work n-
quired of them. If Britain needs them
so badly now, they will be > fools to
allow themselves to be driven put of
that country when the war is over.
They are "the saviors of their country" to-day. Very well, let "their
country" save them to-morrow. Otherwise we hope they will turn things upside down, if it is necessary to do that,
in order to "make the slackers pay."
Canada who are not naturalised
British subjects, are; since the
war commenced, officially known as
"alien enemies." This applies to workingmen as well as
to merchants and
others, and has figured in a'number of
legal actions since
August 4th last.
Where workingmen have sought the assistance of the law courts as they would
do in ordinary peace time, the contention has in several cases been brought
forward that as they were '.'alien enemies" they were debarred from all legal rights. This plea has, however, not
proved a successful one for those who
raised it, as is seen from representative
decisions rendered, in the courts.
appear, such sentimental fellows
that they dov not-go to the trouble of satisfying all legal requirements
before entering into marital relations,
Even the British
government has rt
nlized that, and has
made arrangements
BUMPED - to extend the pay
: ment of separation
allowance th the "illegal" wives.
Whereat certain "very respectable per*
the  British  authorities  ex*
t/ peot to be burdened with an
unemployed problem greater in magnitude, and more serious in every way,
than any they have
ever had to deal
with before. It is
ostimated that be*
tween one and two
million men—mostly workmen who have withdrawn from
industrial avocations to go to war, or
who are now engaged in some kind ot
work caused by the . war—will be
thrown back into the labor market.
Now unless the close of, this war sees
conditions totally different from those
which have prevailed at the end of
other great wars, trade and commerce
will be at a very low ebb. The large
number of men involved, and the unprecedented dislocation of industry, are
likely to make an unemployed situation
Last August 15th,  a  Boyal Proclamation was Issued dealing   with   the
legal position of "alien enemies" in
Canada, and reading in part thus:
"Tbat all persons in Canada of
German  or  Austro-Hungariah nationality, so long as they quietly
pursue their ordinary avocations,
be allowed to continue to enjoy the
protection of the law and be accorded the respect and consideration due to peaceful and law-abiding citizens; and that' they be not
arrested,   detained   or  interfered
with,  unless there is reasonable
ground to believe that they are engaged in espionage, or engaging or
nttemptlng to engage in acts of a
hostjle nature, or are giving or attempting to give information to the
enemy, or unless' they  otherwise
contravene any law, ordor-incoun-
cil or proolamtlon," .
It is obvious from  this,   especially
after reading the latter portion, that
the fullest latitude is placed in the
hands of the authorities.
•       e      •  '    e
That latitude was taken full advantage of in the Elmer case, which we
dealt with last' week, but in industrial
cases "alien enemies" do not appear
to have fared any worse than at ordinary times. A typical case waa that of
Topay vs. Crow's Nest Pass Coal company. The plaintiff Topay, an Austrian, was employed as a car pusher in
the coal mines of the Crow's Nest company at Michel, B. C, and while at
work was severely Injured by being
thrown down by a runaway car. He
accordingly brought action against the
coal company for damages for injuries
sustained. Prior to the trial, in a motion before Mr. Justice Gregory in
Chambers, the defendant compnny questioned the right of the plaintiff to maintain his action on tho ground that he
was nn alien enemy of Canada.
cehtly held to discuss morals and manners—incidentally what does the flrst
matter as long as one has the seoond—
and this question of state recognition
was raised.
•      •      .      .
It is not clear whether any soldiers
and sailors or their unmarried dependents were there, but several of Mrs.
Grundy's special delegates were there
in the shape of bishops, and deacons,
and such-like neuter-folk. But for once,
some of them Acted very differently
from the way wo hav* become accu*
tomed to expect of them. One of them1
—Archdeacon Escireet—took Us life in
his hands and said:
"While yielding to none in my
desire to maintain the sanctity of
the marriage vow, if a man has
lived faithfully with a woman for
years, but haa,not legalised that
position, thot^k I trim ho had,
see no reason why the state should
not respect bis position." '
This is remarkably charitable from
such a source, and if the reverend gentleman keeps it up Christ may not feel
so muoh ashamed of him.
By way of a storm in a teacup, there
iB nothing in its line to excel the feud
Which* sometimes goes on between two
opposing elements inside a labor union.
In the majority of cases when sifted
down to essentials, there is really nothing tb it.. But in all oases its effect is
detrimental to the members in general.
In the event of "misconduct" being
proved, on the evidence of a policeman—to the satisfaction of the British
War Office—the allowance of the
soldier's wife is to be stopped. So far
as we can learn the arrangement does
not apply to the wives of Held marshals, admirals, generals and other
The lights went out while tho House
of Commons was ln session in Ottawa
last Wednesday afternoon, with the result that adjournment was made. Just
why it was necessary to quit business
on that account is not quite clear. For
most of the business which goes on
thero we should have thought darkness
would have been more appropriate.
A very lengthy article on the jitney bus question has been received by
The Federationist during tbe week,
from "J. D. MoDonald," along with
the query "Are they your -masters,
toot"  We do not quite understand who
they" means, but we can say No, because we have no masters. We cannot
publish the article, because to do so
would be more expensive than we can
afford, and moreover it does not appear
to lis to contain arguments whioh have
not already appeared either in these
columns or those of the daily press.
Westminster Trust Co.
J. J. JONES, Man. Director. J. A. BENNIE, Sec.-Treas.
at a Big Seduction
Safety Deposit Boxes for Bent at $2.80 np
Wills Drawn Free of Oharge
Deposits Accepted and Interest at Four Per Cent. Allowed
on Daily Balances.
Ask for Labor Temple 'Phons Exchange,
Seymour .7491   (unless otherwise stated).
Bartenders—Geo. W. Curnook, Room 808.
Bricklayers—Wm. S. Dagnall, Room 815.
Cooke, Waiters, Weltreeaee—Room 808;
Andy Graham; phone Sey. 8414.
Electrical Workere (outside)— E. H., Morrison, Room 207.
EleotrlosI Workers (inside)—F. L. Eotlng-
hausmi, Room 807.
Engineers (steam)—Room 910; 1. Pnndor-
Laboren—John Sally, Room 220.
Lougehoremen'o   Assoclstlon —  OSes,   145
Alexander street; 7. Payne;   phone  Sey.
Moving Picture Operators—Q. B. Hamilton;
room 100. Loo building; phona Say. 1045.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Rooms 804*806,
Labor Templo.
Street Railway Employeea—Fred. A Hoover;
phone Say, 508.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands, Rooms 212*
Allied Printing Trades CouncU—R. H»Nee
lands, Box eo.
Baken—J.    Blaok,   Room   tto,   U.bor
Barbara—S. H. Grant, 586 Georgia atreet.
Bartenders—Geo.    w.   Curnocn.    Hoi
.806, tabor Temple,
llths — Malcolm
Municipal Bonds are exposed to the criticism of every
flnanclal journal, yet it is noticeable that B. C. Municipal
Bonds, although they yield large returns, have never been
adversely criticised.
Buy from a responsible oompany that has carefully
scrutinised the investment.
We offer selected Bonds in amounts from W00 up to
yield 61-2% to 7% that are unquestioned and the prices
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Patrick Donnelly-Centred Marker
The judge said he could flnd in the
orders-in-council issued by the dominion government in August last, nothing
but nn express permission to Qermnns
and Austrlans to reside in Canada bo
long as they pursued their ordinary
avocation in a peaoeful and quiet
ner. Judge Gregory completod hie summing up as follows:
"In view of the foregoing it appears to me that it would be a denial of such protection to permit a
coal miner, for example, to work at
his usual occupation of coal mining,
and deny him the right to sue for
his wsges if they are not paid, or,
as* in the present case, to deny him
the right to maintain an action for
personal injuries sustained in his
work as a miner and caused, as he
alleges, by the negligence of the defendants, as during times of peace
ho has enjoyed this privilege, and
the order proclaims that he shall be
allowed to continue, eto."
a       •       a       a
The application of the defendant
compsny was accordingly rerused with
costs to the plaintiff, and when the ease
was afterwards tried before Judge W.
Not all hit brethren of tho "cloth"
wero prepared to agree with him how*
ever. Canon Deeds said that the new
order appeared to place concubinnge
and marriage on the same level, and the
gathering placet ttMK m mora as
gretting "that the state should sanction the administration of the soldiers
and sailors funds without safeguarding
the distinction between married wives
and unmarried dependents." But the
government, whoso* action was dictated
possibly by a regard for recruiting, appears to have placed necessity before morals. The venerable archdeacon,
too,—while lamenting the loss of a
fee to his brother clone—evidently
thought the same. The quality of
mercy sometimes needs straining, and
when a parson feels called upon to do
it in a case of this kind, we may be
certain the necessity must seem n very
imperative one to him.   ,
J. Bulioh, one of the miners reported
to have met death in the South Welling*
ton disaster last week, astonished
everybody by appearing at the office
of the company last Friday. He explained that when he came out of the
mine unnoticed, he went home, and not
understanding the English language did
not know his name woe in the list of
dead. The point which interests us
most is, why was a man who could not
speak English 'working in the mine,
where tho very fact of his ignorance
might have caused disaster at any
Hill P. O.
BoilermaHers—A. Fraaer, -1161 Rows St.
Brewery Workera—Prank Graham, Labor
Temple. v
Bricklayers—William 8. Dagnall, Room
216. Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenten- Dlstriot Council—P. L. Barratt, loom 806, Labor Temple.
Cigarmakers—Care Kurts Cigar Factory, 72
water Street.
Cooke, Walters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 206, Lahor Temple.
Electrical Workera (outside)—I. H. Merrl-
eon, Roam 807; Labor Temple.
Electrical Workera (inside)—Room 807; P.
L. Eatlaghauaeo.
Engineers—E. Prendergaat, Boom 816, Labor Temple.
Granite cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment Workers—Labor Temple.
Horseshoers —A. C. MaoArthur, City
Heights, B.C.
Lettercarriere—Robt.  Wight,  Biatrial 88.
Laborers—George -Harrison, Room 220, La*
MeeU flrat and third Thursday!. Executive board; Jaa. H. MoVety. president;
i\ b. Estiii flhftuaen, vicfl-preiident; Geo.
Bartley, general seoretary, 210 Labor
Temple;  fiiM  "   n..»*--.-r-
moral   seoretary,
_„-,  —IBs H. Outterldge,
Fred A. Hoover, statistician;  .««»- ■
•t-irmi, John Sully; A. J, Crawford, Fred. ]
Knowlea, W. R. Tre"-- *—-•-—
seoretary,   210
]|e,  treasurer;
Trotter, trustees.
CIL.—Meets seoond Monday in the I
month.    President,  Oeo,   Mowat;  saore-"
t«7, R. H. Neelendi, P.
O. Box 60.
 ~-™»t«»     wjj\u   no.   67«.—Office, Room 208 Labor Temple.  Masts
flrst Sunday of eaoh month.   President.
F. F. Lavlgne; flnanolal seoretary, Qso.
W, Curnock, Room 208, Labor Temple. *    ,
—Meets every 1st and Srd Tuesday, 1
8  p.m.,  Room  807.    President,   James
Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. S.
Dagnall, Box 63; flnanolal secretary, F. .
K. Brown; business agent W. 8. Dagnall, Room 216. '
and Iron St.,   _.
of America.  Vancouver
u*  America,  Vancouver   Lodge   Ho.   19U- 1
Meets, flrst and > third  Mondays,   I p. m.
Preildent, T. Barolsy,   858   Cordova   sast) _
Moratory, A. Fraser, 1181 Howe street. 1
Union—Meete   flnt   Frldsr   la   eaeh
month, 8:80 p, m„ Labor Temple.   A. Ore- j
bam, Dullness representative.   Ofllce: .
300, Labor Temple.   Hoars:   8:80 ■. n. w i
10; 8 to fi p. m.   Competent help fnrniihffd i
on short notice.   Phone Seymour 8*14.
""22? i OOWCTiroF  ajamt-mwa
The Victoria "Wdek" did not like
our roferenoe to "German bullets
tipped with tbe product of Canadian
mines. But as is well known, nearly
all tbe niokol in tbe world is taken
from Canadian mines. The Dominion
government is aware of tbat, as is apparent from tbe measures it bas taken
to exercise supervision over nickel exports. According to W. A. Bostwick,
nssistant to the president 'of the International Nickel oompany, 158 shares of
common and 263 shares of preferred
stook are owned by Qermnn and Austrian holden.
CHILD LABOB ON FARMS, is declared by the farmers' unions of
the various agricultural counties
in England to be necessary.   For that
reason they are making simultaneous
requests to the edu
M _ catlonal  authorities
™ to exempt boye of
11 and 12 years
from school attend-
? anee, instead of
them staying nt their studies until the
age of 13 as the law requires. It appears that many agricultural laborers
have preferred to go to the war rather
than stay on the farms at a wage of
from t.l to ti per week whieh is the
It is not denied that labor in sufficient quantities is available for the
work, but it refuses to do it unless the
wages are raised at least ti cents per
week, ThlB in spite of the higher
prices now being got for wheat, the
farmers refuse to. pay. They eould get
mon at a reasonable wage, but they
want all their extra profits tor
themselves. Tho way some of the local
authorities are mooting the farmers ie
typical of the English rural councillor
at his best. In West Sussex for instance the chairman of the education
committee admitted they had no legal
right to grant tho farmers' request, but
that they could refrain from prosecuting tho farmers' and thus get over the
*       .       . '     .    .
It is a case of the farmers throwing
every consideration to the winds in order to take full advantage of an opportunity which comes their wny but
seldom. Bread bas soared up to 15
cents tho four-pound loaf, in spite of
the fact that 100,000 tons more wheat
have boon imported into Britain during
the past sin montbs than during the
corresponding period last year. And if
only tbo farthers can get hold of ohild
labor under ttilp pretext of national necessity it can bit* made a golden opportunity for them. Who government is not
shewing any stronW opposition to their
efforts, as it is oxplcted that if successful they will result tn an increase of recruits from tho rural districts.
I        '     *
Nor will the farmjbrs regret reducing
the chances of ruran children being de* j
Says   the  News-Advertiser   of  last
"It is equally true that natives
of the British islands living in Canada have contributed a larger pro-
portionof their number than those
living in Oreat Britain."
Ono of the reasons for that is, that
unemployment is more prevalent in Can-
ado than ih England, where the maim- ]
facture of war material is providing
jobs for many.   Thousands in Canada
have joined the war contingents because they wiBhed to do so.   On the
other hand thousands have joined because they were out of work and faced
by the prospect of starvation*   Many
cases have eome before the local war
relief committee where  married  men
have done this to provide for the maintenance of the wives and children.
Lahor Temple.
"".- How-
S.S. Selma-S.S. Santo-Maria
Leaves Johmon'i wharf 9.80 a.m., Mon.,
Wed. snd Friday, for Wiion Creek, Sechelt,
Hslf Moon Bay, Redroofe's, Welcome Pamt,
Hardy Iiland, Nelion leland, Pender Harbor,
Stillwater, Myrtle Point snd Powell River;
returning the following daya.
Johnson's Wharf   Seymour 4880
bor Temple.
Lathen—Victor R. Mldgley,	
Locomotive Firemen and Engineers—O.
srd, 807 Davie atreet.
Loco.   Engineers—A.   B.   Bolloway,   1088
Padflc.   Tel. Sey. 8871L.     -
Longshoremen—Oeo.   Thomas, 140  Alexander Strsst
Machinists—J. H. McVety,    Room   811,
Lahor Temple.
Mnalclsns—H. J. Brasfleld, Rooms 804-806,
Labor Temple. *
Marbleworkera—Frank   Hal),   Janei
B. O.
Moving Picture Operators—L. B. Goodman, Room 100, Loo Building.
Painters—J,   Train,   Room   808,   Labor
Plumbers—Room 208, Labor Temple.
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple,
Plasterers—John   James   Cornish,   1801
Eleventh Ave. East.
Pattern  Makera-J.  Campbell,  4819 Argyle Street.
Quarry Workers—Jamas Hepburn, ears
Columbia Hotel.
Railway Conductors—O. ^
Beatty street.
Railroad Trainmen—A.   E.
Box 248.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,
Seamea'i Union.
Structural Iron Worken—Room
Stoneeuttew—James   Raybnrn,   P.   O.   Box
Sheet Metal Workera—K. C. Dougan, No.
6, Fifteenth Ave. Weat
Street Railway Employees—A. V. Lofting, 8886 Trinity Street.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley. oars Province,
Telegraphers—B, B. Peppln, Box 488.
Trades and Labor Counoll—Oeo. Bartley,
Room 810 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelanda. Box 16.
Tailora—C. MoDonald, Box 698.
Theatrical Stags Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711*     •
Tllelayers   and   Helpers—Evan Thomu,
Labor Temple.
^ __. ..«.««h v. mx, nardy; Meretary,
P. L. Barratt; treasurer, W. T, Taylor. Lo*.
cal No. 817 meets flnt and third Men*1
day of saeh month, and Loesl 8647 meets
tot and third Tuesday of saeh month.
—Meeta room 801, Labor Temple, every'
Monday, 8 p. m.    Preaident, Sam. Cawker,
557   Tetnpleton  Drive;   recording  aeoretary
H. Hogan, Labor Temple; flnanolal secretary
and  bualneii agent,   E.  H.  Morrison.  Roomi
207, Labor Temple. '■>.
681 (Inside Men-)—Meeta first and I
third Mondays of each month, Room 808,1
8 p. m. President, H. R. Van Sickle; ra* J
cording secretary. J. M. Campbell; busl-1
ness agent, P. L. Estinghausen, Room 807.1
Laborers' union. No. 86—Meeta flrat nadir
third Friday of eaoh month, Labor Temple. 1
Preildent, E. O. Appleby, 1410 Pendrill St,; 1
aeoretary, Oeorge Harrison; bualneaa agent, 1
John Sully, room 280, Labor Temple.    Alii
laboren invited to meeting. _^    ■
and fourth Frldys st 8 p. nr. President..
A, R. Towler: recording aeeretary. J,
Brookes; flasawal sesntsryLJ. H. MoVety.
. Batch, 761
488  Nelson
808, Libor
 ..,   m,  a.   mtVmi
Unlon, Looal No. 146, A. P. of M.—,.
Meets seoond Sunday of each month, l
808 Labor Temple. President, J, Bowyer; I
vlce-prealdent, P. Engllih; aeeretary, fit. J. I
Braafleld;    treaaurer,   W.   fowler.   Pfaoael
Seymour 7465. \ _f
Meeta erery flnt and third Wedneaday In ths J
month In room 801, Labor Temple. Proal-l
dent, A. Harry; vice-president, A. Berentsan;]
corresponding aeeretary, Joe Cornish, 1808 J
Eleventh avenue esst; flnanolal secretary,]
Oeorge Montgomery; treasurer, Harold Reld.|
Decorators',   Local  188—Meets
 .»»•-,   amobi 188—Meets  ererya
Thursday, 7.80 p.m. President. H. Grand;!
flnanclal seoretary, J. Freckleton, 10881
Comox itreet;   recording   ——"       "
James  Train,   Room  303,
secretary,  r^|
Unequalled Vaudeville  Meana
AM, IM, ».1B    Seaaon'a Prleeei
Matinee, 1Je.| Ivenlnge, lie., Me.
Oeiaar Broadway anl Willow
Phona Fairmont 1KB
Hiss BUI and Miss Westler
Graduate None.
Phones:   Seymour 8258 and 8259
Hose & Brooks Co., Ltd.
Wines, Liquors and Cigars
504 Mnin Street, Vaneouyor, B.C.
i !
Take that Watch to
who will tell you what is the
matter, cost and guarantee all
Repairs.   438 Richards Btreet,
NORTH AMERICA.—Vaneouvar andl
vlolnlty. Branoh meets 1st and Srd F*rl-|
days at Labor Temple, room SOS. RobersP
C. Sampson, Pres., 747 Dunlevy Ave.il
Jos. O. Lyon, flnanolal seoretary, "ail
Grant street; J. Campbell, eecordlng
retary, 4M» Argyle street
era' Union, No. SI, of Vanoouver andl
Vlotoria—Meete seoond Wednesday of]
eaeh month, 4 p. m., Labor Temple. Presl-1
dent Chaa. Bayley; reoordlni seoretary, [
A. Birnle, o.o. "News Advertiser." 1
- PLOTEES. Pioneer Division. Ho. 101—1
Keats Ubar Temple lint and third Wadset* 1
days at S:S0aand 0 p. m.   Preaid,      -^» ■
-aw&u" "•"""a « p.
""•aelal aeoretary and boeina*
Hoavar, MOt'flh-ft $fi,\\
Preeldent, Joe.
nuoDie; noordlnff eeeretarr, Jss. E. OrlBal
flaanelal aeeretary and bnslaass agent, hsd.
A, Hoover. MM flt.»fc n*-
al Local 117—Meets every Wednesday 4
I p. m., room 141, Labor Tomm.  "'nan-"
.., every Wednesday
I p. m., room III, Labor Tempi.. Plnan-
dal seoretary, B. Prendergaat, room 111.
ternatlonal). Loesl No. 178—Meetings
held flrat Tuesday In eaoh month, 8 p. m.
President, Miss H. Gutteridge; recording
aeeretary,  0.  VePonald,    Box   60S;   flnan*
olal sec., K. Pftteraon. P. O. Box 608.
eaoh month st room 904,    Lsbor Tempts.
President H. Spear.;   recording   seoretary,
Oeo. W. Allln, P. O. Box 711. vanoouver.
Meet, laat Sonde, « Mat moath at I
S. at   Preeld.nl. B. P. PelllpleNi vtM-preel-
ont tr. 8. Matagar; Her.tary-tna.arn, E ,
*** "Teelsnda, P. 0. Boi 48.
Coal mining rlghta of tha Dominion,
In Manitoba, Saskatchewan aad Alberta,
tha Yukon Territory, the Nerthweet Tw-
ritorlee and In a portion of the Province
of British Columbia, may he leaaed for
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
ThrM Stores
Printers and
Labor Templt
Phono Sey. 4410
Printer, of The Pan.
a term of twenty-one years at ah annual
rental of 11 an aore. Not more than
1,114 aeres will be leased te one applicant.
Applications for leaae must be made by
the applicant In person te the Agent or
Sub-Agent of the dlstriot ln which tho
rights applied for are situated.
M surveyed territory the land must be
described by seotlons, or legal subdivisions of seotlons, and ln unsurv.yad. territory, the tract applied for ahall be
staked by the applicant himself.
Bach application must he acoompanlad
by a fee of II, whloh will he refunded If
the rlghta applied for are not available,
but not otherwiae. A royalty ahall he
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of Ave oenta per ton.
The person operating tho mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity ef merchantable ooal mined and pay the royal-
- "■     " "■ mining rights
•"** returni
a year.
I mining
ln annual eonvention In January.   Exeoutlve offlcen, 1915*10:   Preaident, A. Watch*
man;     vloe*preiiidenta—Vancouver,    W.   P.
Dunn, J. H. MoVety; Victoria, B. Slmmona;
New weatmlnater, W. Tatee; Prince Rupert, [
W. E. Donning; Reveletoke. J.   Lyon;   District ,18. V. M. W. of A. (Vancouver Iiland),
S. Outhrle; Dlitrlet IS, U.   M,   W.   of A. .
(Orow'a Nest Valley), A. J. Garter; aeon* I
terytreaiurer, A. S. Welle. P. 0. box 1538,
Victoria, B. 0.
»»...?°-5 fsuuell—Masts avai-y aeoond sad I
fanrth Wedneaday at S p. m. in Labor hall '
Re,A"Bi..^.K*,*,4""!i ^"^ uS.tm
__   ■"•"•.■J general   eeentary,   w.   1 i
ty thereon.   If the ooal        	
are not being operated, suoh returns
ehould be furnlehed at least once a
The lease will Include the eoal it...—.,
rights only, hut the lessee, may be per*
nutted te purchase whatever available
surface righto may be considered necessary tor the working of the mine at the
rate of 111 an aore.
For full Information application ahould
be made to the Seoretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. J_tX_r!.
No, 400—Meals every aeoond and foarth '
Friday of month ln Laoor hall, 7110 p. -*•  ■
Preeldent  D. Wehiter;  aeeretary, A.  *L.  ,
« 054, New Weetmlaatsr,
B. 0.
OIL-Meeta flnt and third Wedneaday, J
Leber hall, 711 Johnaton etnet at I p. ra. |
Preeldent A. S. Walla; aeeretary, Thaa. P. r
Malhleoa, Box IM, Victoria, B. 0.
WaaUrn federation of Hlaan—Meats.
Sunday avanlap ln Union hell. Praaldant I
Ales. Wilson; eeentary*Inaeanr, J. W.I
Stewart Klmberley, B, 0.
Deputy Mlnleter ef the Interior.
... J,'—Unauthorised publication of this
advartleement will not he paid for-IHM
Director.,* J.e. Brown,'preeldent; R. P.
Pettlpleoe, Vice-president: Edward Lothian,
Jamee Campbell, J. W. Wllkineon, Oeo. Wllby, W. J. Nagle, P. Blumber,, H. B. Free.
Managing director and aooretary-tnamrer, J.
H. MoVety, room 911, Labor Temple.
at call of preaident Labor Temple, Vancouver, B, 0. Dlrecton: Jamea Campbell,
preeldent; J. H. MoVety. aeoretanr.trea.arer;
A. Watchman, A. 8. Walla. R. Para, Pettlplece, manager, 217 Labor Temple. Telephone:   Seymour 7400. OFFICIAL PAPBB VAMCOUVEB
Inlaid Linoleums
$1.00 Values
for 82c.
Not only are they of exceptional quality, but we
show them in oak, block and tiling effect, in colors
suitable for halls, kitchens; offices, etc.—anywhere
foot traffic is heavy. Guaranteed to give service
and satisfaction.  Special, yard  82c
V_ ..   ^J iwiwwufU itta     tmaamiaa+M&.attatoaanrtiAi-At*. ** _\
Machinists in Canada, Willing to Return to Jobs
in Great Britain.
If You Have a Bad Tooth or a Mouth Full of Them
At once. Don't he afraid. I nill examine your month tnd .tell Ton jut
what you need* Thia service will cost you nothing aad trill obligate you
in no way. * .'        ,
I HEREBY GUARANTEE that all dental work performed by me will be
absolutely painless, both daring tuld following the sitting. If the slightest
twinge of pain la experienced at any time aa the remit of my opertfona I
will refund all money paid me.
I FURTHER GUARANTEE that all crown or bridge work or fllling will
remain In flrat class condition for a period of TEN YEARS. If any ol my
work becomes defective during that period I will replace lt ABSOLUTELY
  ROOM 212	
President Watters of T. and
L Congress Intercedes
on Their Behalf.
High-Class DENTAL Operations
Bridge-work per tooth
Gold crowns    -    -
Porcelain crowns    -
Perfect fitting plates
Amalgam fillings  * -
Enamel fillings
- -      -          $8.00
each  $5.00
- -     -   "     $8.00
- -      -  "   $10.00
- -     -  " $100 up
- -      -   "      $2.00
it Forrhea. TREATED.     PAINLESS
ill    Phona Seymoni 3331
OIBce:  101 Bank of Ottawa BnUdlng
Ton would not knowingly throw away a dollar.   Ton would not
knowingly neglect an opportunity to save a dollar,
IT will be true economy to buy or tell at our store anything in the
way of Furniture, China, Crockery, Hardware, Stoves, Ranges, and every
description of household goods,  NBW AND SECOND-HAND, '
ttt..    -...„-- 206GRANVILLE
Boy's Department
Made with double aeati ud double tlbowi tbt-M are "built to wear." Honeit
maUri»U ud honeit workmanship ut combtnad to produce r«Uy donblt ud
long Und suits
Thty coma ln D.B. ud Norfolk rtyUi. at prion from
$3.50 Up
301*315 HASTINGS STBBBT WIST Phon. Siymonr 70S
TliA-moA-n      Stationery Printing and
UlOinSOIl Bookbinding
Stationery Co., Ltd.
It. J. OASEELL, Free.
325 Hastingi Street Waat
Office Furniture
-Less Than Wholesale
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St. West
We are making a Clearance of
all preeent stock of Offlce •Furniture.
Oome early and make yonr
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Bay Any Shoe
no matter what Its nam*, unless It bean s
plain and readable Impression or this stamp.
All shoes without tha Union Stamp an
always Non-Union.
IM Snnuntr Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobla, Pre*.   O, L, Blaine, Beo.-Treas.
53 Cordova Street West Vancouver, B. 0.
WIYTIfT  RffiPNT Abnolutely Fireproof.   Local and Lonr-Diatance
nulfiLiIUiUEiril   phon, |n Every RoomCafe In Conneotlon. Bates
J 1.00 per day up.    Attractive Ratea to Permanent Quests.
ctMnihaaA Beatty, -proprietors
IM Huttap Stmt Bast
For Hardware, Stovei ud Ranges—
Everything: tot the Kitohen
Phone Fair. 447  3887 Main Street
A few weeke ago Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council, at the suggestion
of Del. Brooks of the Machinists' union,
instructed General Secretary Bartley to
'communicate with the federal authorities with a view to learning something
of the possibilities of securing work in
Oreat Britain for unemployed machinists in Canada and also devising
some means of getting them across the
pond. But evidently the Machinists'
union at Edmonton was among the first
to take action, and the correspondence
following with President J. O. Watters
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, is self-explanatory:
Edmonton, Alta., Jan. 25, 1918.
P. M. Draper, Esq., Secretary Trades
Congress, Ottawa, Ont.:
Dear Sir and Brother—We feel it
necessary to call attention to the following facts:
1. Unemployment in Canada, largely
due to the war, is so acute as to demand government intervention.
2. Many of these unemployed men
are skilled mechanics, a very large portion of whom, even here in Edmonton,
have been trained in and recently
worked in the arsenals, dock yards and
armament firms in Oreat Britain, where
according to advertisements in British
papers, machinists in particular are
badly needed.'
3. The government could1 immediately relieve the situation here and at the
same time help to fill the gap in the
Old Country by giving free transports*
and guaranteed work to such men as
are suitable and willing to go for the
period of the war.
We, therefore, request that you will
urge upon the government the import*
ance'of a prompt consideration of this
Respectfully Tours,
On behalf of Edmonton Lodge, No. 817,
I. A. of Machinists.
Ottawa, Ont, Feb. 8, 1915.
Mr. A. C. Johnson, Secretary Lodge 817,
I. A. Machinists, Edmonton, Alta.:
Dear Sir and Brother—Tour favor of
the 25th ultimo addressed to Secretary
Draper was handed to me for consideration and action. With regard to unemployment generally, immediately on my
return tb Ottawa from the St. John
convention 1 took the matter up with
Beveral of the cabinet ministers. As a
result the Minister of Labor undertook
to make an investigation, through fair
wage and other specially appointed officers, into the state of unemployment,
with a view to making a recommendation to the government to meet the
situation, based on concrete information
gathered by said officers. I also urged
the calling of a conference of provincial premiers and treasurers, representatives of municipalities, boards of
trade, large employers of labor and re*
presentatives of organised labor with
the Dominion, cabinet, so that with the
co-operation of all those mentioned a
plan could' bo devised and put into
operation to meet the more pressing
necessities of the situation. I further
urged that the governments of the Dominion, provinces and municipalities,
respectively, open up every possible
channel of - employment by public
works, tho control of such work and the
conditions attached thereto, to be in
the hands of the government respectively undertaking the work. As in many
oases neither the provinces nor the
municipalities had the funds wherewith
to finance public works, I advocated
that the Dominion government advance
the necessary money to the provinces
and the provinoes in turn to the municipalities. The Minister of Labor declared himself in hearty accord with
the whole proposal, but it met with a
decidedly cold reception from the provincial premiers. Hence, there has
been no conference and each district
is trying to solve its own problem.
On January the 15th, at the annual
interview of the Congress with the government, the question of unemployment
was quite exhaustively dealt with. To
the representations made the premier
replied in the following language:
"With regard to the conditions of the
unemployed; I would not be inclined
to agree with Mr. Simpson that the
number is as great as he estimates in
Canada (from 200,000 to 250,000), because I do not think the percentage of
unemployed in large communities would
really in itself offer a reasonable basis
of computation.     , I am rather
impressed with the idea that the conditions of unemployment in Canada at
present are not more serious than in the
United States, and perhaps they may
be .more serious in tho United States
than hero, although I have not had occasion to look into the conditions there
very closely; but apart from that,
whioh is not very important at tho present moment, I entirely concur in Mr.
Simpson's appreciation in what has
been done in many large cities in Can*
ada by the municipal authorities. I
think they have taken hold of the situation in a very effective way. We
think that in so far as the subject
could be dealt with locally, it would be
better to have it done that way, because conditions vary very much in
different parts as to the extent of unemployment and in other respects. For
Instance, I do not think in the Maritime Provinces thore is any serious
condition ot unemployment, except possibly ln New Glasgow and (Sydney
whore the local Industries aro affected,
but apart from that I think they aro
about normal, whereas wo know in some
other parts of the country they are
more or less serious. We have not,
perhaps except in ono or two instances,
havo had any direct representations
from municipalities, but should tho
municipalities come to us and ask for
cooperation you may bo assurod wo
will give them our host consideration j
and co-operate with them as far. as
might be necessary or expedient under
the circumstances. It is bur earnest
wish that no person mould be driven
out of the country on account of the
conditions mentioned—we want to keep
all good citizens here to await the day
which we hope will not be very far distant when conditions will become normal again and when perhaps there will
be even a more extended opportunity
for employment, than there has < been
usually in the past."
With respect to the government assisting machinists.and other mechanics
to return to Oreat Britain in order to
meet the demand and thus relieve the
situation in both Canada and the
! mother country I had a wire of similar
import to your letter from Calgary, immediately on receipt of which I enquired from the various departments
and ministers what could be done by
the Dominion government to meet the
suggestions contained in the telegram.
On January the 27th I had occasion to
interview the prime minister in company with' Vice-President McClelland
(Machinists) relative to the conditions
of employment under which shells for
the Imperial government were being
made, when I again took advantage of
the opportunity to introduce the question .of relieving the unemployed situation in Canada and assisting the Mo*
t-er Country in her struggle, by a
transfer bf mechanics from Canada to
the Mother Country where they were
required* The following day I had
word from the prime minister to the
effect that my efforts of some days previous had borne fruit to the extent of
the Minister of Labor, through the superintendent of immigration being in
cable communication with the department representatives with a view to ascertaining the wants of eployers, whether they could be met and to what extent such employers were prepared to
advance transportation fares to mechanics from Canada. Specific information in this regard is daily expected.
In reply to a question from me as to
whether the government would be prepared to meet all or any of the expense
necessary to transfer mechanics to Britain, the Minister of Labor stated that
the government would hardly be pre
pared to meet the expense bf transferring mechanics for the benefit of private employers, in Briatin. He further
stated that if employers are in need of
mechanics they should be ready to
meet the expense of transferring them
from Canada, just as employers in Canada, when in need, had paid the transportation fares of mechanics from the
Old Country.    ,.
In any case, if the cable reply bears
out the statement that mechanics are
wanted and no injury will be done the
workers in Great Britain by the return
of mechanics from' Canada, my efforts
'to prevail on the government to assist
in transferring such mechanics will be
continued with renewed vigor and persistency.
It may interest you to know that
Executive Board Member Somerville
(Machinists) accompanied the delegation at the Congress interview with the
government and dealt with the unfair
conditions under which shells for the
Imperial government were being turned
out in at least one shop—the Canada
Foundry.   On the suggestion   of the
SIX PAGES.        (
Ii Tumni
Ottr. IM.OO
This Is Result Where Honest
Municipal Ownership
Profit-making Got Rid of as
Incentive, Better Service Is Given.
Premier exact data dealing with rates
lt ofhor' conditions obtain-
of wages and,  ..h«hVud Mumming in the shops and what changes, if
any, had been made since shell making
had become part of the work, from the
regular work done in the shops was secured and subsequently—at the interview to which I have already referred
—Vice-President McClelland submitted
the material asked for to the Premier.
The net result has been that, while the
government claims to have no power
to regulate the conditions under which
Imperial contracts are carried out,
nevertheless the Minister of Labor has
made inquiry, through fair wage officers, into the rates of wages and all
other conditions under which tho work
is being done by the various firms. On
the basis of this inquiry and the data
supplied by Brother McClelland, the
prime minister promised to use the influence of tho government to bring
, about a satisfactory condition of
affairs. In connection with shell mak*
ing Arthur Henderson, M. P., chairman
of the labor group in the British house,
haB also been communicated with to
learn to what extent and how best the
Imperial power can be brought to bear
on the matter should it become necessary. The result of the efforts may be
summed up in the following letter
written to Brother Somerville:
BIr. Crothen' Letter.
Ottawa, Ont., Feb. 4th, 1915.
My Dear Sir—Tou called a week or
two ago at my ofllce and discussed with
me the question of conditions obtaining
as to wages and other matters in one
of the concerns having in hand part of
the shell contract whieh the Imperial
government has placed in this country
and wblch has been, as you had under
stood, distributed among various firms,
I have since received a copy of your
letter to the prime minister, undated,
discussing the same question and enumerating various firms and rates   of
wages paid mechanics engaged on the
contract, special reference being made
to the Canada Foundry company, Toronto.   .Representatives   from   various
quarters had reached me on tbe subject,
which had been therefore under careful consideration and enquiry, and I
am pleased to be able to inform you
tbat assurance which I cannot regard
as other than emphatic and satisfactory have now been received from the
chairman of tho shell contract   committee . that the committee will exact
from every firm having any share in
the contract fair conditions as to hours
and wages and will not permit any departure from what can be fairly deemed
the established practice in these matters, and the Shell committee advises
me that it is taking steps, immediately,
to this end.   Vou will understand that
the question, not relating to a contract
controlled by the Doinion government,
does not lie within the scope of the
fait" wage policy, but I am awaro that
It will bo in harmony with the views of
the British government that no cause
for grievance as to these matters should
exist in connection with any contract
executed in Canada at   its   instance
From information received I    gather
that in the case of the firm you spe-
I cially mention it may take a few days
to make some alterations tn methods,
but I shall endeavor to keep in touch
with the matter until I havo received
assurances that ground for complaint
as to the points raised no longer exists.
Yours Faithfully,
(Sgd.)    T. W. CROTHERS.
Jas. Somerville, Esq., 115 Main Strret,
Moose Jaw, Sask.
Trusting tho foregoing    will    meet
with your approval, ana    with    best
wishes and kind regards.
Fraternally Yours,
[By Carl D. Thompson.]
Municipal ownership pays. It pays-
first of all, in better wages, shorter
hours and improved conditions for labor. And to the trades unionist that is
the flrst and most important considera-
i tion of all.      ..
To be specific: The city of San Francisco, upon taking over one of the Btreet
ear lines in that city about a year ago,
immediately raised the wages of Its
'employees from 27 cents per hour to
37% cents per hour and reduced the
hours from ten to eight per day.
Eleven cities in England, upon taking over their public enterprises, reduced the average hours per week from
eighty to sixty, and continued to reduce
Glasgow alone spent $615,040 per
year in increased wages, shortened
hours and improved conditions of its
street oar employees.
According to Albert Baker, former
manager of the London street railways,
municipal ownership of street car lines
in England has reduced the .hours of
street car men 48 per eent. and in-
creased the wages not less than 42 per
The gains to labor in better wages,
shorter hours and improved conditions
amounted to $200,000 per year in Lon*
don,; and nearly as muoh in Liverpool.
And these are only typical cases
chosen out of hundreds. These improved conditions follow municipal
ownership everywhere, ■
And municipal ownership pays in another way. It pays in actual profits to
the cities.
For example: In spite of the low
rates and better wages, Milwaukee
clears as high as $200,000 per year on
its water plant. The city of Berlin, In
Oermany, clears $4,500,000 per year off
its several diffent municipal enterprises.
Six cities in England, for which we
have figures at hand, cleared $1,440,135
off their gas, water and markets alone
in a single year. Glasgow made $1,837,-
704 net profits off its municipal street
cars in a single year.
The city .of Cincinnati owns a railroad
i 336 miles long, crossing three states. It
is called the Cincinnati Southern, and
runs south from Cincinnati, Ohio,
through Kentucky to Chattanooga,
Tenn. It is worth $40,000,000. It is
paying for itself and producing a revenue of $526,816 per year over and
above all expenses.
So you see, municipal ownership
•ays. It pays in better wages, shorter
tours and improved conditions of labor.
It pays in lower fares and better service. And, best of all, it pays in dvii-
dends to the public—dividends for the
"common good," as they are called in
Seed Potatoes That Are
, 25 lbs, for ? 1.25, 50 lbs. for $2.25,100 lbs. for *4.<»
W. her. .iientbled from rarise* soanM.what w. belief, te he ,
one of the flneat end most reprmnutl.. hboUeettow ef .leader!
•nd highly prlied variatle. .nr eliown by eur .elling eone*ra ia tkeee
psrls. o
Of .ome variolic we have ea ample .took; of other, only Halted qnantttlee bMHH freater quantities wm aot available. Tke..
customer, who order by mall ihoold mak. ant end eeeood ehelee.
Vuiotlee here today Inelide*
Northern Bur.
Oroen Mountain.
Empire Btate.
Dueheu of Cornwall,
Guinea Ho. 1.
Button'. Kollaau.
Beouty of Hebron.
Button'. Superlative..
Bnrbtnk lata.
Million Dollar.
Beoteh Champion.
Burpee'a Moneymaker.
Prairie Flower—extra early.
Norton BMuly—Mrliat.
Early Puritan.
Hani Blnih.
lady Bom.
Myatt'. Aahluf.
Irleb Cobbler.
Early Velawan.
Skerry Blue.
Mey Qumu.
Sutton'.  Satisfaction.
Dakota Bod.
We. MeOrefor.
Queen's Own Dairy Milk
Aa thia. ia our introduction te you through the column, ef your offl-
eial organ, we take the opportunity to lay a ward about oureelTee—a.
word about the thing, that meet intimately eoaeern the principal,
oa whieh our success ie founded—a word, li ihort, from behind the
scenes. And what ia perhaps mott important, a word aa to our standing and the quality of milk delivered to patrons.
We believe in the fair play busineu syitem that haa advaneed -
ne in the face ef unprecedented hard times.  We are willing for yon
to judge us by what we are doing, and if the verdiet ia favorable
phone Tn a trial order.
The Queen's Own Daily haa never put a dollar of Vaneeuver'a
good money into imported milk: Our entire supply eomes direct
from Fraser Valley Dairy Farms.
The (Jueen's Own Dairy employ! no Oriental Ubor.
The Queen's Own Dally employees are paid oa an average
$82.60 per month. Harried men in addition have a quart of mitt
delivered daily at their homes fre* and on Sundays a bottle ot eream
goes with it.
The Queen's Own Dally waa established four yeara ago. With
two exceptions our men have been with ua from one td three yean;
We never take advantage of labor condition, to cut a good man't
The Queen's Own Dairy Approved HUk (bottled at the farm).-'
A special milk for babies ie sold at a special priee, 12He. per quart.
Tour family doctor ean advise about thli milk.
The Queen's Own Dairy Faatemlied Milk, tested weekly at tht
laboratory ef the Medical Association Milk Commission, establish*!
a purity record for Vancouver during the past year. The signed
official reports are here—open to any one. The milk ia delivered at
10c. per quart.
The Queen's Own Dairy wagons also earry table eream, whipping cream and buttermilk. The best of everything and a mott em-
cent service.   An order will be very much appreciated.    '
As to Federating Unions.
Editor B. C. Federationist:   In the
January 15th issue of The Federationist
1 notice a short article headed "More
Amalgamation/' which, while in the
main correct, is not dealt with extensively enough to enable   the   average
! member or organized labor to understand   what   this   new   organization
means   to the labor movement.   Too
much publicity cannot be given this
matter, and I trust you will give this
correspondence as much publicity as the
article mentioned   above.   Tho   movement towards industrial unionism in the
tailoring industry is not of recent birth.
The   Journeymen   Tailors'   union   of
America has for several years advocated an industrial union in that industry,
and two years ago adopted the principles of industrial unionism, at the same
time changing its name to the Tailors'
j Industrial   union   (international), also
using a new label, as shown from time
to time in The Federatlonist.    Steps
were taken to induce the other kindred
crafts to affiliate, the membership of
the United Garment Workers particularly took great interest in the matter,
1 and showed an eagerness   to   affiliate,
but their executive officers for roasons
best known to themselves did their best
to prevent an amalgamation, later those
in favor of amalgamation, known as
the Hillman faction and who claim to
consist of 75 per cent, of their membership seceded and proceeded to organize an industrial union.   Delegates
from this new union appeared at the
recent A. F. of L. convention in Philadelphia, but were refused recognition.
At the same convention the Tailors' Industrial union was given a sttited time
to resume its former name of Journeymen Tailors' union, undor penalty of
suspension.    Notwithstanding this opposition and mandate of the A. F. of L.
tbo amalgamation   scheme   proceeded,
the Tailors' Industrial union took a referendum vote of its membership on affiliation with the Hillman faction of
the Garment Workers, which carried by
a large majority.   The Ladles' Garment
Workers' International is also favor
able to the scheme and their early affil
iation is looked for.   The membership
of these organizations are to be congratulated for their determination and grit
* in carrying out their   plans   for   one
union in the tailoring industry, and industrial unionists should profit by their
success.   This fact should be apparent
to all.   The A. F. of L. is absolutely
opposed to Industrial unionism and uses
its power and influence to prevent the
 * _* 1_„J    l_l 1« Al* —
.,*"•* HRAIOtttO.
Did You Get Youn
Thia Morning?
(irogross of organized labor along those
ines. E. STAPL:
lines. _. ~.
Oakland, Cal., Fob. 1, 1015
Dr. Brett Anderson, dentist,—Crown,
bridge and plato work a specialty;
painless methods. Bank of Ottawa
building, Vancouver, B. O, *•**
Each Street Car
In Wages to Employees ||
All these employees live in
Vancouver and Vicinity and the
majority are married men with
families. Their wages, totaling over $1,000,000, was spent
As a citizen of Vancouver the
above statement has a direct
meaning for you. PAGE FOUR
The Shoe that put Vancouver on the map in Europe. Thousands of out-of-door workmen in B. C,,
can attest to their Wearing Value. Thousands of
fathers and mothers in B. C. have learned that there
is really no other Shoe so suited and durable for
school children as LECKIE'S. Ask your Shoe
Dealer for LecWe's.
J. LECKIE & Co., Limited
Phone Seymour 8920
A*,or "DUX
ties a
Something New and
Something GOOD
Cigarettes 10c. Packages
Tobacco - 2ozs. for 25c.
Rex Tobacco 10c. is Fine
Vancouver   -  B. C.    cool and clean
An Egg
For All Baking Purposes
Use it Instead of
Expensive Eggs.
60c. Tina contain tha equivalent
of 6 doa. eggs.
28c. Tins contain the equivalent
of 2>/3 doi. eggs.
See our demonstration in the
Grocery Department of
David Spencer, Limited
Crown Broom Works, Ltd.
Manufacturers of the-
Mother Goose, Duchess, King, Janitor Special,
Peerless, Princess, Province, Ladies' Carpet Perfection, Favorite, Ceiling
Broom, Warehouse Brooms
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
tf-r-*  ni  ,(T~i     ljT"i    L.jg^aft-.-
Gathering: Data and Asks
B. C. F. of L. to also
Take Action.
Washington State Federation Will Seek a
[By Helena Outterldge.]
At the Raymond eonvention, 1914, of
tlie Washington State Federation of Labor, a resolution was adopted "to investigate theh extent of present unemployment and prospective immigration,
witk a view to determining the scientific basis for a working-day that would
provide regular employment for all
able-bodied persons in the commonwealth-" .
Immediately after the convention
closed, President E. P. Marsh appointed a committee of Ave, who reported
the' result of their investigations at the
convention held this year at Olympia,
Washington. At the request of the
committee the report waB read in full
to the delegates at the convention of
the B. O. Federation of Labor at Nanaimo, B. C, January 27th last, asking
that they endorse the report and take
similar action In regard to the unemployment of British Columbia. On motion the matter was referred to the ex*
ecutive committee.
Owing to the length of the report it
is not possible to give it verbatim. The
following, however, is a synopsis:
Soon after the committee was appointed it was found that information
regarding unemployment was very
meagre and statistics of a very fragmentary nature. In the main, however, statistics that were available bore
out the contentions of organized labor,
"that uneployment is a very general
Just when unemployment, resulting
from over-production, first made ita appearance is difficult to estimate, but so
far as the United States Ib concerned
unemployment of a serious nature occurred just after the Nepoleonio wars-
Later on during the years 1818 and
1819 the condition of unemployment
gave rise to a great deal of misery.
The close of the American civil war
found hundreds of thousands of workers thrown on an already glutted labor
The panic of 1863 again glutted the
labor market with unemployed. Since
that time unemployment throughout the
United States has steadily increased,
although somewhat modified by the
movement westward, but the rapid Industrial development of the west during the last few years has now closed
this avenue for the absorption of labor,
hence half the workers are faced with
starvation or pauperism.
So far as the State of Washington Is
concerned, the report of State Labor
Commissioner Olsen Bhows that 23 per
cent, of employees working at seasonal
trades were forced out of work during
the Black season. Industries thus investigated showed that the number of
workmen required during the rush season of the year was 51,080, while the
regular number employed was 40,567,
leaving a margin of 10,513 workmen
who must flnd work elsewhere or remain unemployed during the winter.
This does not by any means cover the
considerable amount of unemployment
that exists throughout the year, regardless of seasonal fluctuations.
Being unable to secure adequate information regarding the extent of unemployment the committee Issued a
self-addressed post card, on the back
of which the following matter was
"Unemployment is the most important problem of the day. The Washington State Federatoin of Labor has
appointed a committee to investigate
the extent of unemployment, and suggest a practical solution. Your answer
to the question below will be of great
assistance. Please fill out all blanks
and return immediately."
"This is to certify that I am more
than 15 years of age and have been
out of work approximately work
days..'... .between November 1st, 1013,
and November 1st, 1914.
"Be sure and fill out, oven if working
'Address ,
Using this card as a baslB for investigation they wore able to secure reports from 5,012 working men and women. They then proceeded to tabulate
the reports to find out the extent of unemployment, separating the reports into
four groups in order to learn to what
extent unemployment affects different
groups of workers, as below:
uu        a
£8,     3s
II p
Hotel Liberty,
Seattle    701
(j'lhoremen'B union 147
Mlnen' union . . 600
AU othor n-ports..3,561    454,074    128   41
•   1*1
134   48
183    59
72,000    120   88
5,012    047,099    129    41
The above table was figured on the
baBis of the, twenty-Biz day month or
312 work days for the year. It was
found that the average time lost by the
mon living in "Hotel Liberty" (which
is the home of the unemployed) was
134 days, or 43 per cent, of the entire
The above table is based upon reports collected from among all trades,
and over aB wide an area aa possible,
therefore the figures given are representative of the whole population of
the state. It would seem that we are
laco to face with a condition in which
unemployment affects the skilled as
well as the unskilled workers, and to
approximately the sumo exetnt. This
is contrary to the usual supposition that
unemployment affects the unskilled
worker to a greater degree thjm the
skilled* .
It is usually estimated that there are
about 225,000 actual wage workers in
the State of Washington. If this figure
be used for computation, and the average time lost by each worker for the
year was 129 dayB, the total lost time
for the working class of the Btate
reached the astonishing figure of 29,-
025,000 work days. And if ihe average
wage per day Is $2.75 the money lost
to the working class on account of unemployment amounted to $79,818,001).
Surely this is a, sum large enough to
stagger the imagination of the worker
who attempts to realize its significance.
When one tries to compute the number
of shoes that this sum would buy for
shoeless feet, or the number of meals
that it would purchasi^for ill workers
who have no shelter from the cruel
storms of winter, one begins to appreciate the awful seriousness of the evil
of unemployment.
Investigation Bhows that the average
unemployment per day is 41 per cent-
of the total working population, which
ia equivalent to 41 workers out of every
100, or fouf out of every ten.
Another tabulation shows that 54.8
per cent, of the cases reporting were
unemployed more than four months of
the year, and 31.8 per cent, unemployed more than six months of the
Comparison with data collected
throughout the United States shows*
that the above figures are not in conflict, there being ample proof that more
than 30 per cent, of the total working
population of the country is idle, on an
average, during the normal years.
This being so, the 41 per cent, found
in the State of Washington after due
investigation, is seen to be a very close
approximation of the actual conditions
that have existed during the last year
in which the depression has been more
than usually severe.
Unemployment ln Future Tears,
Having presented the facts as accurately as possible, considering the
meagre information at hand, we must
now make a briof survey 6f what the
future holds in store for the working
class. In our opinion we can hope for
no solution of the problem of unemployment bo long as the present system of industry prevails- We agree
with Mr. Scott Nearing when he says
that "unemployment is inseparable
from the present system of industry."
This is shown clearly by the Wall
Street Journal which in 1911 referred
to unemployment as an "inevitable
and desirable restriction on the cost
of production." In other words,
speaking from the capitalists' point of
view, it is desirable to have a big
army of unemployed in order to keep
down the wages of the worker who iB
employed. Unemployment has become inevitable, too, on account of
labor-saving machinery and methods.
In spite of the great extent to which
labor has been displaced by new methods heretofore, we are of the opinion
that the process of displacing labor
has barely begun, and that it will
continue with ever increasing celerity
as time goes on. Within the last
few years we have seen the auto truck
suporcede the horse, and displace
great numbers of teamsters. We
have seen the motor Doat practically
drive the fisherman's sailboat off the
waters of the coast beoause it can
save time and labor. And we' have
seen the "iron Chink*" and the automatic seamer replace hand labor in
the fish cannerieB. In recent years we
have seen the whole science of building revolutionized by the substitution
of cement and structural steel for old
building materials. Innumerable inventions have been put to practical
use in the last generation, and there
iB not the slightest doubt that tbe
process will continue in the future, and
that the problem of unemployment will
be correspondingly augmented thereby.
After a thorough study of the situation in various industries, and being
duly cautious not to overstate the
facts half of tho labor power expended
in production is wasted. Nor does
this take into account the further use
of inventions and methods now coming
into use, but not yet generally utilized. Nor have we considered inventions and methods now unknown that
are sure to come into being as the result of the. continually rising intelligence of the working class due to the
shorter workday.
Labor Power Lost
Once more let us state our conclusions. We have found from the
most accurate information at our disposal that more than 30 per. cent, of
the labor power of society is now completely lost on account of unemployment. Also, that more than half ot
the labor power that we do expend is
wasted by inadequate machinery and
obsolete methods. Add to this the extent of idleness of the leisure class,
and the extremely high percentage of
waBto in the activities of the professional and vending classes. Based on
a conservative estimate of the extent
of these factors we find that at least
75 per cent, of the effort that Is now
expended in production, or wasted by
unemployment, is absolute waste, So
that circumstances warrant the conclusion that a two-hour day would be
ample to provide a standard of living
far superior to our present standard,
and at tho same time give a comfortable margin of leisure in the form
of vacations to everybody.
In working out -a solution of unemployment the cotoraittee was early
confronted with 'tte fact that any
proposition  not  taxing  into   account
criminals, prostitutes, gamblers, and
all who now prey on society, must fail
to Bolve the problem.
While the data at its disposal gives
a two-hour day as the time necessary
to supply the needs of all, it is evident
that a two-hour shift would not be
practicable, at least with present mechanical methods, as it would involve
too many shift changes. Then again,
many industries are seasonal, and only
cover short periods of • the year. But
as the problem is only to make a
plaoe in production for all who are
now idle or preying on society in one
form or another, and as our present
industrial' facilities are amply sufficient to provide such a place by
simply cutting the workday in two or
a four-hour day, would answer • all
present requirements.
Therefore we recommend that this
convention take action favoring the
adoption of the four-hour day as the
bas*is for continuing the struggle in
favor of the short workday.
Also, that the convention take steps
to secure the co-operation of other
state .federations of labor pf the
American Federation of Labor, of international unons, and of all other organizations interested in solving the
problem to the end that ample statistical data be secured on the extent and
possible cure for unemployment, from
sources accessible to our own organizations.
Also, that this committee or another
committee, be continued for one year
for the purpose of carrying out the
foregoing, and to do what lies in its
power to get adequate data on unemployment from governmental   sources,
Further, when the funds of the federation will warrant, that 5,000 copies
of this report be printed and turned
over to the committee herein provided
for distribution.   Yours fraternally,
E. B. AULT, Typographical
JOHN DOWNIE, Carpenters.
J. G. BBOWN, TimberworkerB.
M. T. ALLIMAN, Barbers.
Cooks', Walters' -and Waitresses' Organisations Report Activities.
Vice-president John Cumming reports: Three initiations and four reinstatements prefaced a lively session of
CookB', Waiters' and Waitresses'
union, local No. 28, Friday evening, in
yoom No. 206, Labor Temple. Business
in our line shows no sign of any improvement. The opening up of the Empire cafe, Hastings street east, reduces
our idle list by five or six members.
This establishment, which was gutted
by fire two or three weeks ago, has been
renovated and remodeled and is certainly a creditable addition to our list
of union houses. At the recent meeting
of the board of license commissioners
a letter from the executive board of
thiB union was read, protesting against
the employment of Asiatics in city hotels to the exclusion of many, capable
white men and women, and appealing
to the board for prohibition in thiB
matter. In the discussion which followed the reading of our letter we were
ably supported by President J. H. McVety of the Trades and Labor council,
Miss Gutteridge and T. G. Crombie
from the same body, W. G. Johnston
and John Cumming from this local, and
a delegation of ladies from the Women's Employment league, led by Mrs,
J. K. Unsworth. The presence of this
last deputation was evidently a surprise
to the commissioner's, and the trenchant manner in which the ladies championed the cause of the idle white women and girls of trns city certainly
gave the board an embarrassing thirty
minutes or so. On motion of Commissioner Duke the matter was laid over
to next meeting, we to submit a statement showing the number of idle culinary workers in the oity. To all those
who so ably supported us in this matter, we desire to convey the sincere
thanks of this local
Official Appeal for Assistance Made to
Unions of Canadian West.
P. B. Dea, secretary of Porcupine
Miners' union, No. 145, South Porcupine. Ont., has requested The Federations to reproduce the following appeal to the unionists of the Canadian
"Porcupine Miners' union, No. 145,
has met with a serious loss in the total
destruction by Are of their hall and all
its contents at South Porcupine,
'' The loss on the hall and contents is
over six thousand dollars, and owing to
the heavy insurance rato we were able
to carry only a moderate Bum on the
"Our local had passed through.a serious Btrike in 1912 and 1913, and those
who are acquainted with the conditions
whioh follow a strike will realize the
hard work with whieh we have been
confronted in our efforts to build up
our treasury and our membership.
*' The severe industrial depression
coming the following year (1914) has
placed us in a position where we have
to appeal to organized labor for such
financial assistance as may be in -their
power, to help our local procure suitable quarters and equipment.
"Donations however small, will be
cheerfully accepted and all moneys received will be duly accounted for and
acknowledged through our official organ
—the Miners' Magazine of the Western
Federation of Miners.
Oriental Miners in B. O.
Tho figures given below are taken
from the annual report of the minister
of mines:
Underground. — Japanese — Miners,
71; helpers, 46; laborers, 8. Chinese-
Miners, 118; helpers, 93; laborers, 73,
Above-ground. — Japanese — Laborers. 10.   Chinese—Laborers, 418.
All of those working underground
are in the employ of the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), limited, of which
Sir William Mackenzie, the railroad
magnet, is president.
Co., Ltd.
Established 1903
B. C. Special
Nine Years in Wood
B.C. Whisky
Is a
Ask for **B. CSpecial"
"Satisfaction—or Money Back, at Any Qrocer's."
Hanoiactunn of
Vinegar - Cider - Sauerkraut
"Sunset" Halt and White Wine Vinegar, "Special" Halt and
White Wine Vinegar, "Hackenalo-B" Halt and White Wine Vinegar,
Okanagan Older Vinegar, Okanagan Sweet Older, Boiled Older, B. O.
Manufactured In Bond under Inland Revenue Supervision.
Factory:   1366 POWELL ST*, VANCOUVER, B. O.
Hanager:   James H. Falconer ' Phone:   Highland 285
Healthfulness, combined with good flavor .and taate, means real duality ln
Beer. These are impossible without the
very best material and the highest order of treating.. In
we provide the public with a good palatable and wholesome Beer of the highest duality.
Order a ease from your own dealer,
New Westminster Brewery
Pancake and Waffle Flour
Best Ever - Agreeable To All Sense
Bet*. 11.40 per D.y and Up
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
Phon. No.
BAQLEY ft SONS, 151 Hasting, atreet Seymour 316
BLOOHBERGER, T. R., 819 Bro.dway East Fairmont 203
BRANS A PERRY, 620 Pender Street, Wait  Seymour 2578
BORRARD PUBLISHING CO.,   Til  Seymour  Street    Seymour '8580
CHINOOK PRINTING CO., 4601 Main Street  Fairmont 1874
CLARKE ft STOART, ,820 Seymour Stroet   Seymour 8
COMMERCIAL PRINTING * PUBLISHING CO., . .World Building, Sey. 4686-87
COWAN ft BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Seymour 4400
EVANS A HASTINGS, Arte and Orafta Bldg., Seymour St Seymour 8660
GRANDVIEW PRINTERS, 1448 Park Drive Highland 741L
JEWELL, M. L., 341 Pender St f,   Seymour 14"
KERSHAW, J. A., 589 Howe St Seymour 8674
LATTA, R P., 838 Gore Ave Seymour 1089
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8861 Main St ..Fairmont 1988
MoLEAN ft SHOEMAKER, North Vancouver ....N. Van  53
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. Granville and Robson Sts Seymour 4548
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 801 Pender St / Seymour 1028-41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vanoouver ....NVan  80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Building Seymour 9692
ROEDDE. J. A., 616 Homor St Seymour 264
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Gamble St Seymour 6509
TERMINAL CITY PRESS, 2408 Westminster Road Fairmont 1140
THOMSON STATIONERY, 326 Halting. W Seymour 8520
TIMMS, A. H., 230 Fourteenth Ave. E  Fairmont 821R
WESTERN PRESS, 823 Cordova W. * Seymour 7666
WESTERN SPECIALTY 00/381 Dunemulr St Seymour 8520
WHITE ft BINDON, 157*159 Cordova St Seymour 1315
Write "Union Label" on Tour Oopy vrh.n Tou Sand II to tht Printer aammmmaammw^smmwmii
rBIDAT.. .. ..PEBBUABT 19, 1915
160 Cordova W. K^mT
For Saturday and Monday's selling;
that can only be had at
Sound tbe corner from Cambie
BOOTS, Sizes 4 to 7..7flo.
Sizes 8 to 10 $1.00 ■
Solid Leather throughout,
Sizes 11,12,13,1... .$1.25 >
TON BOOTS, for Softool
Wear, Sizes 7 to 10. .$1.26
Sizes 11,12,13,1 $1.46
Sizes 2 and 3 $1.76
Sizes 4, 5, 6 '.....86o
Sizes 7, 8, 9, 10....$1.15
heel and turn soles, Sizes
2 to 6  ,50e.
BOOT, 3-4 Tap Sole.$4.95
8 to IP $1.15
BOOTS, Bluteher Style,
Sizes 11,12,13, l....$1.50
Sizes 2, 3, 4, 5 $1.86
SLIPPERS, all sizes.$1.00
a pair
Cuban Heel
.SPECIAL $2.46
Sizes     $2.76
for Dress Wear, English
Make    $2.95
Hail Orders Shipped aame
__   THE BEST YET   A'fe.
When its Biscuits say "RED ARROW"
Manufactured by the
National Biscuit Co., Ltd.
Manufaoturere of Red Arrow ud National Bijcuita
Haida Confection!
Mr. Union Man
Are you eating Union-made Bread, are you
helping to maintain the Union Standard of living by
using goods produced by Union Labor?
has the Union Label on every loaf, and in quality
and flavor it is unexcelled.
Phone Highland 573 and we will call at your
Corner 4th Avenue And Commercial Street.
"   VANCOUVER   fl C
When You Want a
First-Class Beer
STREET, Round the Corner from Cambie
Succeu Si always annred with
Just follow directions on the package—you will be
more than pleated
Eaeh package make* a full pint of jelly
10c. 3 for 25c.
Most   Profitable   Business
Needs No Tools or Raw
One Gigantic Bluff Based on
Confidence, Credit and
Monopoly. .
To the average workman the banking system is a mystery. Most hooks
or articles dealing with it are written
in such terms and language as only
serve to further confuse him in his efforts to learn something about the
methods by which the system works.
One of the very few men who are willing or able to treat the subject in a
fashion comprehensible to the average
man, is Mr. Arthur Kitson, the English
Writer, and one of whose most recent
articles is here reproduced:
Wbat Xi Banking?
Banking is one of the most profitable
businesses in this country. During normal times, our joint stock banks are
able to pay anywhere from 10 per
cent, to 22 per cent, dividends to their
fortunate shareholders, besides providing large reserve funds. Even during
periods of severe business depression,
our bankers seldom or never incur any
losses. They are able to go on piling
up wealth and paying dividends when
other businesses are tottering to their
graves. Although every bank had to
suspend payment a few months ago (in
any other business such a condition
would have meant ruin and bankruptcy
for those responsible), it will be found
at the end of the fiscal year that, beyond perhaps a slight reduction in their
dividends or in the amount available
for reserves, our banks will have suffered little or nothing from the great
war crisis that has ruined thousands of
members of the industrial and commercial world..
Banks Have Best Sites.
Visit any town or city, and you will
see the finest sites and most elaborate
buildings are occupied by bankers. This
is true of all countries. Here is a business that produces nothing in the shape
of goods or wealth, that requires neither tools, machinery, raw material, nor
specially skilled labor, whose employees
are mostly bookkeepers and clerks—but
yet dispenses millions of pounds of
profits every year! How is it done?
When Napoleon invaded Italy he expected to enrich himself with large
?uantitiea of gold and silver from the
amous Bank of Venice—a bank that
had stood for 500 yearsl To his disappointment and amazement, he found the
chief assets of the bank consisted of
simple account books recording debits
and creditsl
Based on Credit
The banking business consists chiefly
in receiving money and credit from one
class of people and loaning it to others.
Of course, the founders of a bank
generally start by investing some of
their own money in the business as a
guarantee of their good intentions, but
this investment is generally found to' be
a very small percentage of the deposits
made by their clients after the bank Ib
well established. Now, since they
charge interest varying from three per
cent, to ten per cent, on all their loans,
and in many cases pay nothing to depositors, it stands to reason that the
profits must necessarily be good. In
some cases bankers offer to pay as much
as three per cent, on deposits, subject
to a certain fixed time for withdrawal,
for the purpose of attracting clients.
But the margin between the percentage
paid to depositors and charged to borrowers is always large enough to leave
a handsome profit.
Tbe Golden Secret.
Tho secret of successful banking is ln
knowing the maximum volume of credit
a bank can safely loan on good security,
whilst preserving at all times a sufficiency -of cash to meet the daily needs
of clients. Tho temptation is to increase the former at the expense of the
latter in order to augment dividends.
In this country bunkers are not given
to involving their institutions in serious risks. Loans are only made to customers of undoubted financial standing
nnd upon approved securities, If a
client asks for £1,000 overdraft, he
must satisfy his banker of Mb ability
to pay much more than this, The security upon which a loan is made' must
be of greater market value than tho
amount of the loan.
Little Bisk for Banker.
The element of risk, so far as the
banker is concerned, is therefore eliminated as far as possible. This being the
case, why did our banks stop payment
in August?    The answer is that, al-
Refold Service
On. Blook wott of Court Houte.
Un of  Modern Ch.p.1  tnd
Funeral  Parlor,  free  lo ill
Telephone Seymour 2*25
Pktes Si*. 221 Dsr sr Ni|kl
Nun, Thomson & Clegg
SM McIhi-Ii St.        Vtauetet, I. C.
though every bank holds full value,
ln securities for all its liabilities to its
depositors, no bank' holds the necessary
cash. If banks vera compelled to keep
all the money they owe their depositors
in legal tender, they could make no profits. What happens ia this: Banks take
a certain proportion of the money entrusted to them by depositors and loan
it to merchants and others taking railway and government bonds and other
securities, with the. understanding that
these loans will be repaid to the banks
on demand. So that if depositors begin
to draw on their deposits to a greater
extent than usual, borrowers are called
upon to promptly settle. Under normal
conditions, the volume of cash required
day by day and week by week Is
known to a remarkably accurate de-
free, and since .bank cheques and credit
unction as legal tender—so long as
confidence is maintained—comparatively little cash is required.
Proflti from Credit
Now, it is in (heir ability to use bank
credit in place of oash that our bankers are able to make such prodigious
profits. And whilst this constitntes
their chief source of profit, it also constitutes the public danger. .
By the multiplication of this credit,
we find our banking deposits far ln excess of the entire volume of legal tender. The law declares that creditors
may demand payment from debtors in
certain special forms, silver, gold, and
notes — what we usually term money
or legal tender. And yet no modern
government has ever attempted to provide a supply of legal tender at all proportionate to the demand under all conditions. Hence we find our banks owing depositors something like £1,800,*
000,000, with not more than £200,000,*
000 of legal tender to pay with—even
if it were all collected and held by the
banks. Naturally, therefore, when any
crisis occurs, such as that of last August, causing, say, twenty per cent, of
depositors to rush to withdraw their
deposits, the banks are unable to provide the cash—even if they bankrupt
every borrower.
Cash Does Not Exist.
The volume of cash necessary to satisfy this demand does not exist. This
explains that our banking system is not
designed upon the rules whioh prevail
in engineering. Instead of providing a
surplus to meet any abnormal strain
our banks provide the minimum necessary for ordinary times, and trust to
luck and the government to help them
against extraordinary events. Instead
of a factor of safety, our banks are
built upon a margin of bankruptcy. In
Bpeaking of this condition, Walter
Bagehot once wrote: "The peculiar
essence of our banking system is an unprecedented trust between man to man,
and when that trust is much weakened
by hidden causes, a small accident may
greatly hurt it, and a great accident for
a moment may almost destroy it."
London the Center.
He adds: "There never was so muoh
borrowed money collected in the world
as is now collected in London. If any
large fraction of that money really waa
demanded, our banking system, and1 our
industrial system, too, would be in great
In another place we flnd the same
authority saying all our credit system
depends upon the Bank of England for
its security. On the wisdom of the directors of that joint stock company it
depends whether England shall be solvent or Insolvent* This may seem too
strong, but it is not. All banks depend
npon the Bank of England, and all merchants depend upon some banker."
Paw People Out of Work in Insured
Unemployment in the insured trades
in Great Britain continues to decline.
The Board of Trade announces that,
in the trades compulsorily insured
against unemployment, viz., building,
works of construction, engineering,
shipbuilding, vehicle making, etc., the
percentage of unemployment on January 22 was 2.73, as compared with 2.1
a week before, 3.28 a month before,
and 5.60 a year ago.
These figures relato to the whole of
the United Kingdom, and include all'
unemployed workmen in the insured
trades- It will be seen that the rate
of unemployment in these trades is less
than half the rate of a year ago.
As regards the uninsured tradeB, the
number of men and women on tho regis*
ters of the Labor Exchanges on January 22, shows an increase on the figure
a week before, being 48,027 as compared with 47,284.
For men alone, the corresponding figures were 17,040 and 17,807, and for women 30,078 and 30,017.
Where Women Vote Infantile Mortality
ta Leaa.
American "figures that speak" are
quoted in "Votes for Women." They
deal with deaths of infants under one
year in cortain cities, and   give   the
Proportion of deaths in   every   1,000
irths.  Here aro the cities and the proportions:
Lowell, Mass 23,1
Fall Biver, Mass 18.6
Deroit, Mich  17.0
Seattle, Wash    8.2
Los Angeles, Oal    9.7
Dunodin, New Zealnd     3.3
Look carefully at the figures of the
first four. They are from homes pro*
tected by men's votes alone, the others
by the votes of the mothers also. The
expressive result will bear thinking
over, and be an incentive to agitation
and action.
Oalgary Street Railwayman Adopt New
Scale with City
Calgary street railwayman have
adopted the following new wage scale
between themselves and the city, which
owns the car system:
Tho schodule provides the following
snlnries: While operating on the spare
list: First year, 28 centa per hour;
second year, 30 cents per hour; after
two years, 32 oonts per hour.
Regular runs—First six months, 82
cents per hour; set ond six months, 33
cents per hour; third Mx months, 34
cents per hour; fourth'aix months and
thereafter, 35 cent)1 per hour.
Very Poor Are Easily Satisfied and Will Never
Raise Revolt
Billions of Money for War
but None for Social
H. M. Hyndman, the veteran English
socialist, writing in tha New Beview
this month, saya of the working claaa
aituation over there: " . . . I say
what we are doing doea not satisfy me.
How can it, in view of what I see
around me and the indifference of the
workers to their own position aa wage*
slaves! In apita of all tlie work aome
of ua have dene there ia no revolutionary feeling as yet among tha great
body of the workera. They are content with ao littlel How true la' it,
also, that the very poor never bestir
themselves! There is no revolution, to
bo brought about by or through them.
Those who need most demand leaat.
Even if acta of parliament decree
important ameliorations of their condition, the; poorest of the poor remain
apathetic and the administration of the
acta continue in tha hands of those who
are. directly interested in maintaining
the; old. abuses.
At this present time we have in Great
Britain fully 12,000,000 of people who
never obtain sufficient wages in their
families to keep up a standard of life
high enough to aave them from phyelcal, moral and mental deterioration.
And the rise in the price of necessaries
of existence is in affect lowering even
this miserable standard. There are at
least 6,000,000 more whose condition la
one of permanent uncertainty, standing on the brink of the same miserable
We have the largest and moat horrible alum arena known to the civilized
world. No effective meana whatever
are being taken to improve thia desperate state of tilings.
Our popular education is quite con*
temptible and the governing classes
are determined if shall not be changed
for the better. Even if it were and
social surroundings remained as they
are, there would be little improvement
in the intelligence or conduct of the
very poor.
When we ask for the means to put an
ond to these horrors of peaee and to
create wholesome and pleasant surroundings for our people, we are asked
"Where ia the money to come fromt"
The Chancellor of the Exchequer, who
poses as a "friend of the people,"
while he hugely increases their taxation, refuses any help from the national
Yet »1,750.000,000 has just been
raised for thia great war; and the government haa pledged the national credit
to the extent of tana of millions more
in order to save the leading private
commercial firms and the great Joint
Stock banks from bankruptcy.
Oompnlaory Arbitration la Compulaton,
Not Arbitration.
Skim it, strain it, and apply the microscope, and you will flnd that the
real sentiment of the compulsory arbl-
trationist is pure solflshncss—tha selfishness that takes its own belly as the
criterion of good or evil in all things.
The idea that compulsory arbitration
laws encourage the organization of the
workers amounts in fact to the para*
dox of organizing the workers for the
primary object of destroying the very
power that makes organization Itself
worth while. Compulsory arbitration is
compulsion as opposed to arbitration.—
Coast Seamen's Journal.
Need for Free Speech.
Our sooial ordor is not so weak aa
its more vociferous champions Imagine.
Our institutions are not like the walls
of Jericho to be leveled by a blast upon
the trumpet. What Is going on undor
our eyes is not tho brenk-up of society,
but tho pninful struggle upward of sec*
tions of the laboring class whioh have
boen in the moat depressed and hopeless
condition. In their struggle with the
powerful their initial weapons are the
unhindered disclosure of their wrongs
and freo discussion of plans for concerted actoln. For organizod society
to allow these weapons to be wrenched
out of their hands would be connivance
in one of the greatest iniquities that
could bo committed,—Excerpts from
the address of Edward Alsworth Boss,
Sresident of the American Sociological
Phone: Fairmont 810
Patterson* Chandler
Manufacturer! of-
Vaults, Curbing, Etc.
Office and Work.:
Cor. 16th Ave. and Main St.
Branch Ofllce: 40th A Fraaer Avea.
Vancouver—Office and Chapel,
1034 Oranvllle St., Phone Soy. ml.
North Vancouver — Offlce and
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
Write, Call or Phon* for a Copy TO-DAY
1138 Homer St Phone Sey 8650. Vancouver, B. C.
Also tt Toronto, Montreal ud Winnipeg U
When yon boy
British Columbia Made
Every dollar spent la Eeatema or
Foreign Goods la gone tower
Leckie Boots are Made in
IMIit on fating them, sod yon gat-
honest value for yonr money every
J. LECKIE CO- Limited
BEST 18-inch tit Oordwood »t t8.W par load. TMi is as
exceptionally food lot, snd Juit whtt yon uid this oold
Phone Seymour 1936 for trial load.
will save you money. Quality guaranteed.
ThUii the only UNION MTNID Ooal in British Columbia.
Phone Seymour 6408
City Market
APPLES—Large variety of winter stock at Sl.00
and $1.25 per Box.
POTATOES-At Market Prices; these are the lowest prices in Vancouver. Stock always fresh
and in best condition.
NEW LAID EGGS-Are now arriving in larger
quantities. You can always rely on Eggs which
are sold as new laid at the City Market
VEGETABLES-A11 kinds at most reasonable
prices; in quantities to suit all buyers.
AUCTION SALES are held every Tuesday and
Friday a.t 10 A. M. If you really wish to reduce
the cost of living, you can do so by attending the
City Market
The world'B largest Overall Manufacturer,
Toronto, Detroit, Live-fool, Dallaa, Atlanta
If you believe In Britlah Columbia
Iat na atand together
My long yours of experience has
made Curhurtt's overalls perfection.
I havo opened a fnctory in Vancouver
to supply British Columbia trade.
The work is done right hero by union labor.
Mr. Union Man, if your dealer won't
supply yuu Carhartt's overalls, sond
me a postal with your wnist and log
measure, und I will aeo that you get
Writo me anyhow for a weekly time
book, engineer's time book, or farmer's account book. Theso nre freo to
The 8,000 Members of Organized Labor in Vancouver, affiliated with 52 Unions, Are Earning and
Spending $24,000 Every Work Day
Merchiinta, Manufacture™, Professional Men, Caterers and thoso who
desire a share of the above patronage eaa secure the most direot result*
by using the columns of Tho
B.C. Federationist
Official paper of Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and the B, O. Fed*
oration of Labor—issuod every Friday morning from its offices in Or*
ganized Labor's Quartor*of*a-mlllion*doUar Home, at tha corner of
Homer and Dunsmuir Streets,
Sale of the Periard Stock,
135 Hasting St. East, Doors
Open Saturday, Feb. 20, at
9:30 a.m.
The inaurance company ordered this atock to be sold In order to adjust the fire loss. Beginning Saturday and continuing 10 daya, the are
and water damaged gooda will be offered to the public at retail, Including
perfect goods at prices never heard of before ln Vancouver or any other
city. Tha atock muat ba aold or given away, aa the premises most ba vacated asd turned over to the landlord in the next few daya ln order that
tha necessary repairs may be completed.
The store has been closed for 12 days and the stock haa been Invoiced
and assorted. The atock la now marked in plain figures and piled high
on the counters and tables and arranged to facilitate tho handling of the*
tmmtnse crowds. It Is not necessary to go into details relative to high-
class merchandise carried by Periard Olothing Store, whose name and
fame Is known throughout British Columbia for carrying quality merchandise, consisting of such wall-known brands aa STETSON, CHBISTY,
celebrated makes—all to be offered to the people at prices that will
create a sensation in tha retail field. We advise prompt action. Ooma
early. The savings here are tremendous. A dollar saved ia equivalent
to a dollar earned. Ooods will ha actually given away for the mere
It is impossible to go into Prices here... As the goods
are being given away.  Come!  See!
Sale Opens Saturday at 9:30 a.m.
(From, Vancouver Paper, Feb. 1st)
Insurance Adjusters1 Sale
Over $20,000 Damage Done
by Blaze Which Breaks
Out in Periard's Clothing
Store, 135 Hastings Street
Fire on Saturday night caused dam-
ago amounting to approximately $30,-
000 to Periad's clothing store, TV. J.
Fowler's dry goods store and the
Crowe, & Wilson block, in whieh both
establishments were housed, at 135
HaBtings street east. The loss is covered by insurance.
The fire broke out in Periard's store
shortly after 11 o 'clock. Starting near
the front of the store, It gained considerable headway before the arrival
of the fire brigade under the direction
of Chief Carlisle, in answer to telephonic alarm.
Periard's store was completely gutted. Mr. Periard declared his loss in
stock and fixtures |o approximately
$17,000, on which about (12,000 insurance waB carried. Fowler's loss Ib at
least $10,000, mostly smoke and water
damage, and the damage to the building is estimated at $8,000.
Between Main and Columbia Streets.
Politics and Jitneys Necessitate an Extension
of Time
Enthusiastic Meeting of the
Central Labor Body
Last Week.
To most wage - earners the
question of acquiring capital resolves itself into turning as much
as possible of the earnings into
a permanent investment fund.
Build up a savings account
with the purpose of being ready
for your opportunity when it
comes to you,' aa it surely will,
sooner or later.
122 Hastings St. West.
Vancouver, and McKay etitlon,
■urnaby, B.C.
Cloee at 1 o'clock Saturday.
Have yon any left-oil clothing
or hoots which ara atlll usable?
If so plaaaa forward them to The
Federatlonist offlce, an Labor
Temple. Miss H. Outterldge haa
received numerous appeals from
working folk on Vancouver la-
land telling of stories of destitution and want which would seam
to be almost Incredible if lt ware
not already known that they are
only too true. For the benefit of
any-doubter the following quotation is given from Juat one of the
letters ln The Federationist office: . . Hy eldest daughter
la sick ln had with asthma and
wa cannot get right support for
her. Her father has not worked
now for two years and alx
months, ao we are pretty hard np
agalnat lt I would ha glad if
yon could sand ma anything in
tha shape of bed clothes, aa my
beds are bare of everything, and
it goea pretty hard with the children this cold weather. I got a
box already from yon, and I gave
them out to the neighbors, aa I
thought they were needing most,
so I will he glad If yon can send
me anything, lt doea sot matter
what, food or anything at all, for
we ara almost starring." All
parcels, large or amall, will he
gladly received at The Federationist offloe, and handed over to
Miss Outterldge.
Comparison of States Shews Western
Wagea Highest.
In the report on industrial matters
recently issued under the direction of
the Minister of Home Affairs by the
Australian Commonwealth statistician,
particulars' are given regarding the
average rates of wages paid in the
different states to male and female
adult workers. The summarised results
are aB follows:
Nominal Weekly Wages—Male and Female Adults, 19H.
State Hales.   Females,
s.   d.     s.   d.
New South Wale 55   9    26   9
Victoria  54   3    27   4
Queensland  52   8    26 11
South Australia  54   4    24   1
Wesotrn Australia ... 62   2    37   4
Tasmania 52   6    25 10
10.—The regular meeting of the Trades
and' Labor council was held this evening, with President C, Cropley in the
chair. Credentials were receive as follows: T. Rennie, H. Swayne, T. E. Me*
Conville nnd B. C Harkor, for Electrr
cal Workers; delegates present were obligated and seated, as were .also D.
Webster and B. Watson, for Plumbers,
whose credentials were uelayed.
From Labor Templo company, giving
statement for past year and requesting
that a delegate be elected to vote T.
and L. council shares; received and
Delegate H, Schofleld waB chosen to
vote the ahares at the annual meeting
of the company.-
The auditing committee reported
that the books of the seoretary-treasurer to be in good shape. Report
Campaign committee reported that it
came througn the struggle with a balance og $10.60 on hand. Report received and adopted—the money to remain in the bank until next year.
Executive committee reported on jitneys and committees.  Laid over to new
oil th* purebMe of a plino li an Important Item—ft real saving when
■very quality that yoa require In a
piano la part of your purchase. In
Wo offer an initrament of annual
value—a Piano that la favorably
known the world around, and that la
In active everyday uie throughout the
globe. Ton cannot do better tban
compare the Kohler h Campbell with
other pianos yon know. See them
and you'll be convinced tbat they are
all that we repreient tbem. You'll be
surprised at oar low pricei. We al*
waya bave a large atock of need
pianos ranging In prlcea from 9100.00
•800.00.    Oome  In  and  get  oar
Stall      ' *	
1 prlcea and terms.
P^^ Of America	
Ai Preunt Waga Scale ExpirtB In June
Preliminaries An Began.
At last meeting of Toronto Typographical union, No. 191, the main question under discussion was the present
agreement with employing printers,
which expires in June. A wage scale
committee was appointed to negotiate
with the employers on the question of
a new scale of wages, the committee
being composed of T. A. Stevenson, F.
Hamblin, J. A. Kelly, J. Poole and N.
M. Williams., A grant of $60 wae also
voted to the locked-out printers in New
Orleans, who refused to stand for an
attempt to force longer hours and re*
duced wages upon them. They have
started a newspaper to present their
eime to the public, and are meeting
with good success.
Librettist—That's a great chorus
they bave in the new show at the Calcium Theatre.
Critic—Yes. I knew it would be a
success before the curtain had gone up
two feet.
Commonwealth .. . 55 1 27 2
This shows that for males nominal
wages are highest in Western Australia (where the cost of living Ib highest),
followed by New South Wales, South
Australia and Victoria' (practically
equal), Queensland and Tasmania,
.en the relative cost of living is
taken into consideration, however, the
effective wages for male adults are still
highest in Western Australia, but
Queensland comes next, followed by
.Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia, with New South Wales last, instead
of eecond in order, as in nominal wages.
The tendency of effective wagei in the
several states to approximate to eaeh
other Ib clearly seen in the graphs given
in the report.
Substantial Increases Aze Shown Since
Outbreak of Wai.
Wellington, New Zealand, "Evening
Post" (pronounced Conservtive   journal) of Tuesday last printed the following table of average retail prices   in
June, 1914, and January, 1915:
June     Jan.
1914.      1915.
s. d.      s. d.
0   7      0   9
3   0
3   6
S.        _a
0 2
1 8
0 9
3 0
0   1
0   4      0   4%
10      16
0   6
Bread, 41b. ...
Flour, 251b. ...
Oatmeal, 251b..
Sugar, 501b. ...
Sugar, per. lb...
Butter, per lb..
Matches, safety
Baking Powder,
Tinned Sheep
Tongues .. .
Mutton Chops .
Beef Steak ...
Bump Steak
Corn. B. Beef...
Leg Mutton
Sirloin 0
Bib Beef  0
Shin Beef .... 0
The increase in sugar (retail) represents £6 a ton. The wholosale increase
haa now reached £4 5s per ton in New
Zealand. ■•
1 3
0 8
0 8
0 11
0 6
0 7
0 9
0 7
0   8
0 2
0 1
0 1
0 2
o y_
o %
o i
60   1
'Residence 2838 Birch Stmt
Phone Bayvlew 1305R
Offlee 1st Floor Birks Building
Phone Seymour 7075
Vancouver, B. O.
Delegate Knudson reported as delegate to the B, C. Federation of Labor
convention held recently at Nanaimo.
He said that there were about 34 delegates who attended, but that the
amount of business transacted wat
greater than ever before, 30 resolutions being dealt with. There are now
110 organization affiliated with the
B. C. F. of L., and the aggregate membership in excess of 12,000, Delegate
Knudsen mentioned some of the resolutions dealt with; including the jitney
busses. Truck act, Mines Regulation
act, white women employed by Asiatics,
$3 per day for relief work, printing of
text books, etc: He also said that after this year the vice-presidents will be
elected by referendum vote of the districts.
Delegate Stoney asked what became
of the resolution for a general strike if
war between Great Britain and the
United States were declared f_
Delegate Yates said that it was
turned down.
Delegate Stoney wondered if it were
wise to affiliate with the B. C. Federation of Labor.
Delegate Barnard asked about the
jitney bus resolutions, but Delegate
Knudsen could not enlighten him.
Delegate Yates said that they were
left to the executive committee, who
took them up with the provincial government on the advice of the Btreet
Delegate Knudsen remarked that this
year there were four socialists and five
trades unionists as B. C. F. of L. officers. On being asked to name the officers, he demurred, but finally gave
them as follows: Watchman, Wells,,
Simmons, Denning, Carter, Lyon, Guthrie, Dunn, McVety and Yates.
Delegate Stoney said that he was
satisfied, as all were socialists but two.
Delegate Yates made an address on
unity of labor and the necessity of
sticking together and'to support the B-
C. Federation of Labor.
Delegate Knudsen's report was
Mr, Graham, business agent of the
Hotel and Restaurant Employees.' union, was given the floor. He said his
union would take up all cards in the
city and then give a card to one place
that would be striotly union. He desired information or would answer questions, but none were forthcoming.
Reports from Unions.
Types.—Business as usnal. Plumb-
err*—Nothing doing. Barbers—Quiet.
Bartenders—Slack; quite a few men
out of work; trouble at the Boyal City
hotel, where the union card had been
taken down. Cigarmakers—Two out of
18 men working. Carpenters—No improvement. Musicians—Fair. Molders—One working. Timber Workers-
France had ordered 600,000,000 feet of
timber but did not know how it would
effect the local industry. Engineers-
No improvement. Electrical Workers-
Quiet, but in fair shape, four or five
were out of work. Street Bailway Employees—About the same; 12 or 14 men
dismissed in past two weeks, about half
the members were working, and those
on short time.
board pr inside of a bus or to sit on the
sides of such bus while in motion.
3. No passenger to enter or alight
from bus while the bos is in motion.
4. Driver of bus not to collect fares
or give change while bus is in motion.
Busses'not to stop at a etreet crossing to take up or discharge passengers
but to stop at a fixed place near the
centre of the block.
G. Busses not to take on or put off
passengers in the middle of the street,
but to be required to go within two
feet of the curb.
7. Busses to carry non-skid-chains or
other approved appliances on rear
wheels during wet weather.
8. License fees: The fees to be graduated according to the size of the bus
and to be fixed at a figure which would
be a fair contribution by the bus owner
for the privilege he receives,
9. Applicant for license should pass
a rigid examination as to his experience and ability as a driver.
10. Bus should be rigidly inspected
by city or provincial inspector before
being allowed to ply for hire and
Bhould be afterwards inspected from
time to time during the life of the license,
11. Licensees should provide an in'
demnity bond sufficient for the protection of passengers and others liable to
injury by accident,
12. Licensee Bhould drive his bus to
the end of the route each trip.
.13. Licensee ahould maintain regular
running schedule.
14. Stands should be assigned where
bus should be kept if not employed.
15. Bus should be prevented from
loitering on street when not engaged
for hire.
17. That' no driver of a public auto
shall be on duty more than eight hours
out of any twenty-four hours.
18. That each ahd every public auto
bus driver shall have at least one hour
during the time of his' eight hours of
labor for a meal.
19. That no franchise be granted to
any one who pays their drivers less
then $4,00 per day.
20. That no franchise be granted to
any one employing Asiatic drivers.
21. Penalties to be prescribed for
violation of rules.
On motion of Del. Dodd the municipal committee was instructed to bring j
the matter before the city council.
On motion of Dels. Dodd and Yates
the report of the executive on standing
committees was adopted, the committees being as follows:
Audit—W. Yates, P. Paulsen, J. F.
Stoney,  W.
A.   Bowell,
Organization—B. A,
Ivison, H. Knudsen.
Grievance—P.  Paulsen
Geo. Bacon.   ,
Municipal—W. E. Maiden, E. W.
Peck, M. Pratt, T. A. Barnard, F.
Parliamentary—W. Dodd, W. H. Par-
lett, J. W. Hunter, G. Rogers, H. Ja-
First named of each .committee to be
chairman thereof.
Del. Pratt stated that he would not
be here after this meeting so it was
left to the Electrical Workers to select
the delegate to replace him on the
municipal committee.
Del. Knudsen took exception to the
remarks of Del. Barnard at the last
meeting, admitting that he had worked
for a candidate for alderman not endorsed by the council, and saying that
he would do so again if that man
proved as friendly to labor in the future as in the past. If any charges
were to be made against him they
Bhould be made to the Cigarmakers'
union, which, he said, would not consider them, as he had a right to vote
as he saw fit. Del. Barnard said he
still saw no reason to change his views
in the matter. Del. Paulsen asserted
that Del. Knudsen, while being paid by
the Labor campaign committee for distributing dodgers, had worked for a
candidate for alderman that was not
endorsed by the Trades and Labor
Meeting adjourned at 10:45, after a
Httle more pyrotechnics, the time having been extended 15 minutes.
Well Known Toronto Business Agent of
Machinists Died Suddenly.
L. H. Gibbins, business agent for the
International Association of Machinists
at Toronto, died suddenly last week,
The late Mr. Gibbins was the chairman of the board of business agents
at-* the Labor Temple, and was 66
years of age. For many years he had
been connected in an official way
with the labor movement in Toronto-
For many years he was a delegate to
the Trades and Labor council and
served on the most important committees. A well-known figure on labor deputations to the municipal council, and
provincial legislature, he was highly
respected by all his colleagues and
always given attentive hearing when
speaking for a deputation.
Dr. A. McKay Jordan
New Business,
The report of the executive committee was taken up in regard to the jitney busses in committee of the whole,
and it waB adopted after being amended
as follows:
"Jitney" Regulations,
Whereas—The motor bus haB become
common carrier and is operating at
the present time without any proper regulations for safeguarding the lives of
the public, or giving the public satisfactory service; and
Whereas—The present public transportation company operates on strict
schedules and employs only responsible
and competent men who must pass rigid
examinations before the lives and property of the public are entrusted to
their care, and who also must be members of a trades union whose object is
the training of men to become proficient and expert in their various lines
of endeavor; therefore be'it
Resolved-—That the New Westminster Trades and Labor council urge the
city council of Now Westminster, or the
provincial government of British Columbia if necessary, to enact legislation
requiring that such motor busses and
smaller automobiles be permitted to operate only under a franchise, in order
that thoy may be conducted in a, responsible manner along properly defined routes, with definite schedules and
with reasonable protection to the patrons of such servico and the citizens
of Now Westminster. We would suggest that the regulations t»e along the
following lincB: .
1, Busses not to carry passengers in
excess of seating' capacity.
2. No person to stand
Large Line of Union-made Goods To Be
Sale of the Periard clothing* store
that was recently visited by a disastrous fire has been adjusted and will
now be offered to the people in a large
retail sale which starts Saturday
morning. The public will do well to investigate the money-saving possibilities
there, ns the stock must be cleared ont
in a few days. The best makes of
clothing, hats and furnishings are represented in the Perlarcr store, which
has been located for years at 135 Hastings street east. ##t
Where Ib Robert Gosden?
Robert Gosden, the erstwhile firebrand of the late Miner's Liberation
league and the I. W. W., and who
achieved notoriety by stating at a meeting of the league in the Horse Show
building, that Attorney-General Bowser
might find poison in Mb coffee some
morning, or be "accidentally" shot
while out on a shooting expedition, is
now employed as a janitor in Parliament buildings, Victoria. All mail for
him should be sent "care of Sir
Richard McBride."
A New Labor Journal.
The latest addition to the list of labor journals published in Canada is
"The Barber," published monthly in
the interests of the Ontario Journeymen Barbers' association, composed of
local unions affiliated with the Journeymen Barbers' International Utnion of
America, and with offices at 48 Market
street, Hamilton,'Ont.
A Genuine Shoe Sale.
It is not often that such genuine.shoe
bargains as those advertised to-day, by
Woods, the shoe specialist, 160 Cordova
street west, are presented. Readers of
The Federationist should avail themselves of this opportunity to secure real
values in shoe wear at prices befitting
running | the scarcity of money.   Call to-night...
25% Dl
Why patov)
pLiTiew^-*A«rr-ie^ _tiSroi
$1.50   PER  YEAR
save 25% disc*
The B. C. Cleaif
are the only pi
Look over you.
be surprised toMl 	
cess to the othenunent    Should   Make
ovision    to.   Dissipate'
'^Wul Fear of Want
Teleph —'—.—
•  Telepblc Precedents Available
Our wagons
B.C. Clean To
Other -Countries and
Walks of Ufe
ty *A£isa Helena Gutteridge-]
present social conditions are esr-
sliow-ing the need for stringent
3. While admitting that the only
medy for industrial unrest,' tor
i^yment, for the alternative , of
-..__ ___ Tj.-ds o* starvation or charity, is
MAKE THE lUrship of the -means of production
TT-i—. _ nnstribution by the people, for ns*
tlE.A.UK)** £°r profit," that is a far-off
*■ As    long    ago   as   1360,   at   tha
|With  Connecting Baths
Largest and
Best CAFE in
the Oity
peasants'  revolt,  one John
nt    through   the   countryside for
years   preaching tbe  -doctrine of
equality,   saying,  "Good people;
-will   never go well in. England as
^oods   be   not  held ' in common.' *
after   all   the   years   that  have
the   utopia   of John Ball haa not
lized,    steps    must    be   taken   to
at   least  a  few some protection,
it   is  only a palliative and not a
fox-   the   diseas*.
«I5"    a    piece    of   machinery  in  ex*
that    is    supposed   to   represent*
|>ple,   the   line   of  least   resistance
this   machinery. *
now o that       legislation      is     the
hild    of   public   opinion     and    ia
at        antiquated       when      passed;
eless    at    the   present' time  it  is
of   legislation   that  one  or two
._  aly   necessary reforms must oome.
near   future.
Ahaolnw    ;s    a,   popular   saying   "Women
rTATC illdren   first. * *      There  is  another
HOTElhrase:     "    -------
      * * The   children
Howard J.o    its    greatest      asset."     While
UfPTTH! HnW VCm sacredneas    of   motherhood''     is
■ i""■ — ■ ' ' that women will cease bearing
■■■IB", i ■■■'.■BssaBBssa: wi.'i'. i—m—_ if they cannot he assured or-
SPEND TOUR SPARE TIME IN   i f oo-ol   for   them. i
THB    LABOR    TEMPLE    FREE   I   •s_jr_%*._m—-m *   t».-_«j«„   t —*
READING ROOM. Effothers    Pension Law.
--^•**-ft       sayings,      now     platitudes,
 ny thing   at   silly   now is the time.
Lould    bear ' fruit.      Now   is     the
r-pTT^      f* A 1VT A rllile    busbanda   and   fathers   ara
g £"1JJ      w**Aw ot\.*mG&    WLm    *°°d   for      cannon,     and
ire    becoming   widows,   and   ehil-
f\ T>    f* /*\ ltX-*****-1"-1*    to    protect   the   greatest
.    \jr     \f\J J£-''*'h.*»  nation by the enactment of
B-r-s *   Pension   law.
Capital $15,000,000  :*?o«    of   the   states   of  the  union
Main Offloe:   Corner Hastings•■:»■««*   *«<=h   protective legislation
iumu viwra.   whiiiw -nwwuso jj^t    _*ew   years,   California,   etc.,
OITY BRANCHES ealand    and    Australia   b-fvealao
ALMA ROAD C**?   a    sxrailar   nature.     The  State
COMMERCIAL DRIVE C'bmgton,    just    across      the     line
EAST END Critish     Columbia,    has      provided
HASTINOS tod OAMBIE ,...C . ■_,      ,     -- ,       __      -   A
KITSILANO"?..; cfvery  county it shall be the duty
MOUNT PLEASANT Ctountv   commissioners  to  provide
KMREET ?!»■«   moneys   of the country treas-
SOUTH HILL Uj    amoU¥lt    sufficient   to   meet   the
Also North Vancouver Branch, Co?   of   this   law,  for the support of
wh ose     husbands    are    dead,   or
im-m.m   ,„:   sag       ■■■ .'.. ■"'a*-.—■■■atteg   of  a   penal institution or an
-*—■— ■ ■-■ ,     ■        —■     -.— Bvlum   or who are abandoned by
isbands    and    such   -abandonment
- -tinned   for   more   than   one  year
■_ so of total disability of their
s, and who are unable to sup-
•ir children, -when such women
/itute and are mothers of chiller the age of fifteen years and
thers  and children reside in such
allowance   to   each   of  such  wo- *
II    not    exceed   fifteen   ($15)   dol-
month    when   she   has   but   one
der  the  age of fifteen years, and
more    than   one   child   under
of   fifteen years,  it shall not ex-
sum   of  fifteen  dollars  a month
first    child,    and   five   dollars  a'
or    each    of   the   other   children
age   of   fifteen  years."
is perfectly pui
t   Be   Estimated in Dollar*.
dollars   a  month is not by any
princely   sum,  but  several hun-
and  deserted  wives in Van-
nd     throughout      the      province
the   present   time,   welcome it
<i     wealth.       The   load   removed
mother   of   that   awful  fear of
able   to   find   or  keep  in  work
ort    her    ehildrcn;   also   the   na-
ad     of    having   to   see   her   cbil-
ed   in   an   orphanage  and  raised
ber     love    and    care*,   cannot  .be
d     by     those    who    Ho   not   como
f ner*       -with       such      conditions.
:*an   tho   vnlue   to   the  child   of a
oare    and       lovo      be      overesti-
in   existence  a   proeedent oth-
hnt    of   tbe    TTnited   States  and
The     widows    of    officers   in
and   navy,   also government of-
certain       standing,      receive
.,■    ■ The    privnto   surely   gives   as
lT'Q    p p r i i J   country   as the officer. Then
1 •  D    -"""ie      widows     of    thoso    who    are
AND   1NVIP-     perpetual    battle    in    the   in-
rm-rw   ",T1rorld,   that   it*  more deadly than
present   European   war,  are en-
TRY IT FOR YOURtbe    same.      Even   looking at it
wiii    r\r\ wapitnlist  point  of view, it will
Unserve    the    rising   generation,
be    thoir   pawns   in   the  game
the   future.
been     urfro.l    by   those   who   do
'•    mothers *    pensions      that     it
 ;"; .id    te*   demoralize   a  family "who
""""   ~ ■ ***B*j   of   an   i neomfl   -without   having
—■    Twenty    dollars   a   month   for
« .      *   « arid    two   children   would hard-
Uliaranteea  *bt»-r *•!<::*•    parties   and   pink   teas,
-Tnal   m.ttAil  orri'f>I*nli:^nt'ion      means     freedom
     ^PB*  "linea «V<=.ar    of   starvation,  the sooner
COUVer Islaild. B. C„ and Si"5*   «™<*   deserted  wives are thus
A.     ii      n     a  a "J*<3.    tb e    better      for      all      coa
at practically Cost in ore
teams employed.
OOAL.     Fer Ton.
Lump, screened $6.50
Nut, No. 1...    fi.50
NutrNo. 2    5.00
Slack    3.00
Service the best,
4th Ave and
Granville St.
entary Committee Meeting
Momentary committee of Van-
ad es and Labor council will
be Lnbor Templo next Wed-
en i n fx. nt 8 o 'clock.. Besides
icntntives appointed by the
erv trade union in Vancouver,
SatlBfaction fo "of affiliation, is urged to
-=—=====_--\_Jl quota of delegates. The
icetinff of tho council takes
Thursday   evening next, March


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