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The British Columbia Federationist May 14, 1915

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SEVENTTt, .EAR.    No  20. VANCOUVER, B.C.. FRIDAY. MAY 14.1915. [/kaa1; ^liim..
Mr. A. S. Mathews, Insur-
Trades Council
Vancouver Unionists Hear
-Arguments Opposing
the Bill
At last week's meeting of Vancouver
Trades and Labor council, Mr. A. S.
Matthew, manager of the Guardian
Casualty and Guaranty company, addressed'the delegates on the subject of
workmen's compensation. His speech
is hero given verbatim:
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen: I appreciate very much the opportunity
given me of addressing you here tonight on a subject of suoh vital importance to the people of this province
as the question of state compensation
insurance, having particular reference
to the bill which was laid on the table
at the last session of the legislature,
Purely a Business question.
At the outset I should like to make
one point perfectly clear and that is
that I come before you to-night in no
political guise whatsoever. I donotwant
to say anything at all in regard to
either the Liberal, Conservative, Labor
or Socialist party. As a matter of faot
I am in the same position that Mark
Twain was when asked to give his
opinion on the question of eternal pun*
ishment. "I cannot give you my
opinion on that question," he replied.
"I have friends in both places." I do
not want to criticise any political party
at all. This question of Btate insurance
is purely a business question apart altogether from politics. I really think
it should be taken out of the arena of
politics and discussed in a business way,
from a hard, common-sense, business
Attorney-General Bowser's BUI,
I suppose you have all seen the bill
which the Attorney-General laid on the
table and I suppose that you are all
more or less familiar with its. provi-
■ions. The flrst provision which I shall
ieal with, and by far tlie most important to my mind, is the establishment of
compulsory state insurance. I do not
want at this meeting to endeavor to
distinguish between tie merits of so-
■inlism or collectivism and individualism
.n any way. It may be that in tho forward march- of civilization* the state
wn with advantage play a more ini*
portent part in our national life. But
[ ask you, gentlemen, to look at the
political parties in the Dominion of
Janada or the United States as they
ire to-day. Look at the graft that Is
jojng on. Look at the political im-
rarity, the intrigue, the party manoeuvres, the poltical machines and the po-
itical cheap jacks and debris lumber-
ng the state departments. I ask you
:o tell me if you think that to add a
lew, complicated and scientific de; art*
nent to the government at the present
fine would work in your Interest. There
s not a single man amongst you, who,
teeping in mind the situation as it ac-
uafly exists, could conscientiously say
hat any new department added to the
itate would work to tho advantage of
tny body except the political party in
>ower and the swarm of bread and
ratter politicians who would dad a ha*
en of reBt and remuneration in this
lew department.
Bill Mado for Offlce-Holdtrt.
I have read this bill over and over
.gain and I have come to the conclu-
ion that it ia really nothing but a
ill to create an armj of officeholders,
fou know that when a candidate stands
or election he haa a large number of
ollowers. Some of mem devote their
ime to his interests. Borne help him
rith their influence and money., These
eople are not giving their time, their
afiuence and their money for nothing,
-hey are doing it with an ulterior mo*
ive ond you all know what that mo*
ivo is. If that candidate is elected
e is obligated to flnd jobs for these
eople. Up to the present time he has
ot been able to satisfy them all. ThiB
dditional department will create new
osltlons for an army of these people,
hot Ib not going to redound to the in*
srest of tho workers or any other body
xcept the politicians.
Compensation at M*rcy of Politics.
As a matter of fact, this state insur*
nee scneme is merely a precarious do*
ice to avoid the difficulties and per*
lexities of adjusting private rights be*
weer. employers and employoes by
-nsigning tho whole matter of com*
ensation to a political machine with
ower to assosa employera indefinitely
nd to pay out the money thereby ob*
lined as political exigencies demand,
ancy a highly scientific and tech*
ical department Buch as a depart*
ent to adjudicate upon industrial ac-
dents being administered by a bunch
! party hackB and political adven-
irersi Gentlemen, It Is unthinkable,
nd even if tho various govornment detriments wero much more efficiently
anoged than they are now, there
ould still loom out another groat ob*
«tion in the form of that costly "red-
ipe," which experience haB shown to
3 inseparable from all state depart*
Removes Common aaw Eights.
Another Important point in connec*
on with this bill (apart altogether
■om the state's incompetence to handle
ich a measure) is that it takes away
io worker's most precious heritage
id that is his right of having his in-
tries and his compensation adjudicated
wn and assessed by a Jury of his own
lers. This bill would absolutely and
ir ever take away his common law
medy. Let me explain. If a work*
gman at the present time gets hurt
irough the negligence of bis employe:]
: has what we call a remedy at com-
on law, Common law is a law that
ib grown up or haa Deen' created for
e equal protection of all clltiens. In
her words if I negligently injure my
lighbor he con claim an amount of
(Continued on page S)
How Ho Befriended Hi* Friends ln the
Palmy Days.
Tho cost bf building the Columbia &
Western railroad from Robson to Mid*
way was $35,000 a mtfe, and represents
what may be termed a difficult section
of road building, a groat deal of rock
work and heavy tunnelling being encountered during its construction. Being built in the days.of hand labor, the
cost waB neceBsarily greater than it
would be to-day with the' employment
of labor-saving devices and the steam
shovel. The cost of building on prairie
or level land has been put down by
those who have made a study of the
matter at a fraction under $10,000 per
mile. A fair average cost of mileage
in this province ia given at $85,000 per
The railway schemes of Premier McBride, pledge the government to about
745 miles of road building at $35,000
per mile, a total of $10,075,000. .
A free right-of-way, free materials
during construction, a grant of 1,280
acres of land at any divisional point
when called for, and an additional 040
acres of land for each and every town-
site laid out by the companies interested, practically blankets the crown
lands along the route traversed by these
lines, which are free from taxation until
1926. It is safe to say that the values
created here will be worth to these companies fully four times the money grant
pledged in guaranteeing the bonds, and
will float as collateral to $130,000,000
of subscribed stock.
No  Timber  Manufactured
by Oriental Labor Will
be Admitted
Election of Delegates to Los Angeles
Convention, Wednetday, Hay 86.
Tho members of Typo, union, No. 226,
will elect two delegates to the Los Angeles convention of the I.T.U., to be
held in August, on Wednesday, May 26.
Secretary' Neelands will act as poll
clerk. The three candidates are Messrs.
H. C. Benson, B. F. Pettipiece and F.
At the same time and place the membership' will vote on the following proposition, submitted by the eiecutive
Shall the executive council of the
International Typographical Union be
authorized to expend such sums of money from the general fund of the organization ub may be necessary to continue
the conduct of the business of the International, such as payment for services of employees and representatives,
strike benefits and special assistance
when necessary, officers' and organizers' expenses, printing, publicity campaigns, convention expenses, as provided in the constitution, by-laws, general laws, convention laws, Typogrnphin
Amalgamation and the agreement
creating the International Allied Printing Trades Association as printed in the
book of laws?"
Commonwealth Deals With
U. S. A. Because of
White Labor
Says thty ara due to Freedom of Wage-
Earning "Flappers."
Discussing the question of the "war
babies,'' the Rev. Leonard Sykea, a
Wesleyan minister, of Hull, England
said at a recent meeting: "The present day excited "flapper-" was the
added element to disaster on the excitement of war. The excited "flapper"
was a phenomenon of which insufficient
account had in the past been taken. The
"flapper" was a wage-earning girl who
claimed a freedom from home restrictions unknown to her mother and grandmother. The difficulty of dealing with
the problem was that in many cases the
man was unknown.
He considered in some way or other
the State must take the responsibility
to some extent for tne war babies.
These young mothers were, in the sight
of man,'' Boiled goods," to be approached lightly and cast off as lightly; but
these young women who erred in excitement must be followed, very tenderly,
and protected by the Church, loved back
to respectability, and not trampled
down. He advocated mixed clubs for
boys and girls, as it was the unknown
about the opposite sex which led to disaster. "
Longshoremen's Smoker to Take Place
Next Tuesday Night.
The Longshoremen of Vancouver will
hold their annual smoking concert in
the Labor Temple next Tuesday evening, commencing at 7:30. An excellent
vocal program has bees prepared, in addition to which refreshments will be provided on the lavish scale for which the
longshoremen are so justly celebrated.
All who have the faculty to appreciate
a real good time will be well ndvised
to invest the 50 cents which is the price
of admission. It is guaranteed, signed,
sealed and settled that there will not
be one dull moment from start to finish.
No Work at Oreenwood;
The secretary of the Oreenwood Miners ' union, William Lakewood, writes
to say that mining in that district iB
by no means booming, ond to warn miners against coming from other places
searching for work at Greenwood. His
letter is prompted not by pessimism but
by a desire to raise no falBC hopes
among outside men without work.
The union secretary states that the
British Columbia Copper 'Company's
mines and smelter there have not turned a wheel since last August, neither
has any other mine except the Jewel,
which employs about 30' men.
Miners Relieved from Local Dues,
The executive of District No. 18 of
the United Mine Workers of America,
Crow's NeBt Valley, owing to continued
depressed conditions and the prevalent
unemployment among the mining community, have decided to absolve the
members of tho district, which embraces
British Columbia, Alberta, and Northwest Canada, from the payment of local
dues until the end of July, but advise
thpoffieinlB of the various locals to collect from those in a position to pay and
utilize the amount received to relieve
any who are ln distress.
Big Death Benefits.
The Amalgamated Association of
Street Railway employees paid in 1014
in death benefit claimn due to heirs of
430 members the amount of #189,703.
The payments averaged (441.37, as compared with $451 in 1013 and (445 in
Draper Elected Praaldant.
P. M. Draper, secretary-treasurer of
the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, has been   elected  president of the
Ottawa typos *>y acclamation,
[Special Australian correspondence.]
. .Readers of the B. C. Federationist
will recollect that in March last Vancouver Trades and Labor council communicated, with the prime ministers of
Australia and New South Wales, also
with the Trades and Labor councils of
Sydney and Melbourne, and with the
Sydney Bulletin, apprising them that
most of the finished lumber exported
from British Columbia Ib the product of
Oriental labor. This action was taken
as the result of an announcement that
British Columbia manufacturers were
about to seek a preferential tariff from
the Australian government. This course
was urged by a Mr. Hamber, of Vancouver. Our special correspondent in
Australia, Mr. W. F. Ahern, Bends this
week some pointed comment upon the
foregoing mater, as follows:
"I fear Mr. Hamber does not know
very much of the political br economic
welfare of Australia, neither does he
understand the spirit of Australians.
Whatever else you may blame Australia for, let me assure your readers that
Australians are intensely patriotic to
their own country. To better explain
what I mean I shall have to digress
somewhat from the matter under discussion.
What "White Australia" Means.
"White Australia" is not a by-word
or a catch phrase among the people
here—it ie a doctrine that time has propounded till to-day we flnd it part and
parcel of the living and religion of our
land. It stands as a plank in every political platform—be it either labor-socialist, liberal or tory. It is preached
by the leaders of economic thought—
jt is proclaimed from the pulpit of our
churches. Thousands daily offer up the
prayer, "Ood keep Australia white."
We have every reason to believe in a
white Australia, for our position in the
southern world, surrounded as we are
by colored races, is critical at all times.
We have cast-iron alien laws, and1 these
laws are Continually strengthened and
reaffirmed by legislators. This alien
law refers more to the Oriental than to
any other race. The politician who
would dare ask for a relaxation of this
law that prohibits the entry of an alien
into our* country might as well buy a
shootiag-iron and retire to a vacant
allotment, and make his peace with his
Says Orientals are Different.
In Australia we have developed the
view that there is a vast difference be*
tween the habits, standards of living,
and all the social, moral* and other
considerations which go to make up the
fabric of life in the Asiatic race as
compared with those of our own land.
The difference is so marked and affects
ub in such a way that we will have
nothing to do with colored races. We
do not wont to live ".cheek by jowl
with people of low standards or low
ideals," as Sir Ian Hamilton once said
in Australia, nor do we wish to deal
with such people either.
Law is Rigid.
It may be that you -will think this is
apart from the question in dispute, I
admit this, but I have used this illustration to show you how we view the
matter of living or dealing with a
colored race. We have some Orientals
in Australia, it is true, those who came
here prior to the introduction of the
alien laws, but we prohibit the entry of
any others. Do you know that even if
a ship Comes to Australia with an alien
crew, the captain has to enter into a
bond of (500 dollars per head of colored
crew, as a guarantee that none will
leave the ship and escape to the mainland,
Australia Will Want to Know.
Mr. Hamber says he has a schemo
on hand whereby he will capture the
Australian lumber trade, and it iB very
likely to stay there. He forgets one
thing that might interfere with his
trade. Evidently he does not know
that before Australia will admit his
lumber, our federal government will require to learn where it is milled, by
what kind of labor it is milled—
whether it is by white labor, or by
Chinese, or Jap, or coolie labor, If Mr.
Hamber can give the Australian government assuranco that he will mill his
lumber with white labor, and satisfies
our American trade agent to that effect,
then he might have a show of getting
some of his timber into Australia. At
least ho.will get to tho next barrier—
the customs tariff wall.   But if he cm-
The outside electrical workera
of the B.C. Electric Railway Oompany who ara mambera of local
unions in Vancouver, New Westminster and Victoria, havo an
agreement with the company
which waa signed np in 1912.
That agreement contains a clause
calling on either party wishing to
change or terminate it, to give
ninety days' notice to the other
of such wish. The B.C. Eltctrlc
Railway Oompany gave notice to
the electrical workers that lt
wished to terminate tho agreement on June soth. The notice
wu given April 1st, Nothing
wu done ln tha matter until yesterday, whan * small deputation,
consisting of District Vice-president W, Dunn, and Business-agent
Morrison, waited on General-manager Kidd of tha company. In
answer to thalr query as to what
action tha company proposed to
take respecting . future relations
with their organisation Mr, Kidd
said, that in two weeks the company would have a schedule of
wages and working conditions to
offer to the electrical workers.
Mr. Kidd added that until that
time he did not care to discuss
the matter.
Vancouver Unions Will Select Provincial Ticket
by Referendum
Executive Will Submit Ballots to Membership on
June 1st
ploys Orientals or other alien labor in
his lumber industry then his scheme of
capturing our trade falls to the ground.
1 Will Apprise Government,
If the matter is pursued further, I
will welcome any information on the
subject. I shall then make it my business to lay the matter before the federal government of Australia and anticipate any arrangement that may bo
made by a British Columbia capitalist
to import lumber milled with Oriental
labor into Australia.
Why Australia Deals With U. S.
If Mr. Hamber wishes to know why
we get lumber from U. S. A. here in
preference to his product it is because
the U. S. A. mills employ white labor
and have satisfied our trade agents on
that score.' That is why he cannot get
an opening here—that Ib why he will
never be able to capture our lumber
We aro a White Australia. We believe in dealing with white men who
employ white labor. The days are past
when we would traffic in industries that
employ colored labor to inflate shareholders* dividends. Unless Mr. Hamber
can assure Australians that he -employs
white labor and pays wnito men's
wages, he nor his timber are wanted in
Australia. W. F. AHERN.
Some fifty unions, affiliated with
Vancouver Trades and Labor council,
are taking advantage of the opportunity given by the central labor body to
participate in selecting a ticket from
their membership to represent them at
the forthcoming provincial election.
The subject came up for discussion at
last meeting, as the result of a notice
of motion tendered by--Del. Cassldy, of
the Stonecutters' union. It was finally
decided to submit the following self-
explanatory circular to the membership,
it being also arranged that if the elections were hurriedly called in the meantime that the present ticket would
"At the regular bi-monthily meeting
of the Vancouver Trades and Labor
council held May (ith in the Labor Temple, it was decided that the original
plan of nominating parliamentary candidates for the coming provincial election by referendum of the membership
of local unions be returned to.
"Postponement of the election making this course possible, unions are hereby , respectfully requested to again
nominate six candidates for the City of
Vancouver riding, ana one for each of
the ridings of South Vancouver and
Richmond, said nominations to be made
and in the hands of the secretary of
this council not later than June 1st.
"The proposition as submitted to the
unions last February for consideration
was as follows:
" 'In order to secure the best standard bearers for tho wonting people, it
has been decided to ask each union to
nominate candidates. You may choose
them from any union in the city, provided, of course, that they are British
subjects and are on the voters' list.
Care should bo taken to nominate only
the best men the movement has produced and the full number should not
be nominated for the purpose of fllling
the list.
"'When all the nominations have
been made it is proposed to hold a
series of mass meetings and give tho
prospective candidates an opportunity
of snowing thoir ability. Afterwards
the names of the nominees will be submitted to the unions to select, by referendum vote, tho six candidates for the
City of Vnrn'»»ver riding and ono each
for the ridi!..,,.. of 3outh Vancouver and
Richmond.' "
Inasmuch as June 1st will not bo
long slipping round overy union is
urgod to lose no timo in complying
with tho requirements of the above
Ballots Issued -rune 1st,
As Boon as the nominations aro closed
on Juno 1st, the executive committeo
has been authorized and instructed to
at onco prepare ballots and submit
them to the membership. These
returnable on Juno 15th.
Onions Are Federating.
At the American Federation of Labor oxecutive council meeting last week
President Oompers announced that the
referendum vote of the Cigar Makers'
International union and the Stogie
Makers' league was favorable to an
amalgamation of these organizations.
Tho Amalgamated Glass Workors has
amalgamated with the Brotherhood of
Painters. The executive council decided that American Federation of Labor
officials shall continue efforts to secure
a bums for amalgamation between the
sheet metal workers and the stove
mounters' international unions.
Pettigrew Returns to Old Country.
Geo. Pettigrew, ex-international
board member for District 28, United
Mine Workers of America, Nanaimo,
left last week, accompanied by - Mrs.
Pettigrow and family, for his old homo
in Scotland.
In the old time children were whipped up. Later they were dragged up.
Then they wero brought up. Now we
let thom grow up. Education by assault and battery iB unfashionable.—
Bolton Hall, in Life.
Liberal Sluggers of Women
Now Urge Forming a '
"Roll of Honor"
Once Bitten Twice Shy, the
Women Say Equal Pay
for Equal Work
[By Miss Helena Outterldge.]
A circular issued by the British
Board of Trade calling upon "women
willing and able to work, to enter their
names upon a new Register of Women
for War Service," has at last forced
upon the understanding of the British
public the fact that women are people
when there Ib need for their services.
Census of Women Workers.
The object of the registration , is
stated to be "to find out what reserve
force of woman' labor, trained or untrained, can be available if required,
to meet both the present and future
needs of national industry during the
war." Surely a very inconsistent
thing for the Liberal British government to sanction I -
In view of the fact that for the last
ten years the women of Britain have
been offering their services to the nation and been refused on the grounds
that women were "sub-human" and
moreover belonged to a protected class
whom war did not concern, it is not only
curious, but very suspicious.
Circumstances Alter Cases—and Woman
The verses by Laurence Houseman
are certainly coming true, in times of
times of peace when woman asks permission to help it is; "Woman this,
and woman that, and woman keep your
place." But in times of war it is
changed somewhat and the "woman
keep your place," becomes "Help us
of your charity to try and save the
race." .
Suffragists Not Being Fooled.
British suffragists were naturally
suspicious of this sudden discovery by
the government of the existence of women and an understanding of their varied capacities outside the home, stating
so in unmistakable term and calling
loudly for safeguards for women's industrial position.
The whole question of women's labor
is far too big and complex to be settled
in a wholesale fashion by the issue of a
scrap of paper from a government department, about which no woman had
been consulted.     . ^ .'v_
Miss Evelyn Sharp, a wellknownwrit-
er and suffragist addressing a meeting
on the question stated: "There were
already 50,000 or so women out of work
in England, and that the dangers to
an unfranchised cIobb of this vague
appeal for woman's labor were excessive; the most stringent safe-guards being necessary to protect the interests
of both the women themselves and the
men whom they would displace."
How The Preu Views It.
The attitude of the British press is
truly significant of the general awakening to the value of women's services
to tho nation, the Manchester Guardian
a govornment organ says: "When women have achieved the industrial status
which is their due there can be no shred
of a reason for continuing to debar
them from the political."
The Daily Sketch very definitely
says: "If the women of Britain will
help the country now, the country will
help them. In Finland the women won
the vote by the ungrudging sacrifices
they made for tho country. Our women can do the same,"
Very nice! But the suffragist of today does not fall so easily as did her
f oremother 's- '' ministering angel,"" Saviour of the race" and a pedestal after
the work is done, Is no longer accepted
in return for services rendered. The
fear of being labelled "unwomanly"
and selfish for refusing to be an exploited ministering angel has passed away.
That "Roll of Honor."
An official of the British Board of
Trade iB quoted as saying: "The desire
ib to form a Roll of ffonor of women
who are ready to give their services to
the nation" also "women aro needed
to take the place of men, more especi
ally so in the manufacture of enrtridge
cases, shell cases and army clothing,
setting him free to jt*n tho army, without endangering the production of supplies thnt ore as necessnry to win tho
war ns nre men."
Equal Pay would be Better.
Suffrngists ond women trado unionists, among* the latter Miss Mary Mc-
Arthur, realizing tho menance of t
"Roll of Honor" to tho working worn
en arc endeavoring to avert disaster by
demanding equal pay for equal work,
that whero a woman replaces a man,
setting him free to join tho nrmy, sho
shnll receive tho same rato of pay that
he would have received.
How necessary this demand is, to protect the interests of both the working woman and the man who is replaced
by a woman.
"Sassiety" Wants Work.
First there is the immediate difficulty
of the well to do women, who, through
patriotic, zeal nnU a longing for activo
expression of such zeal will be tho first
to inscribe their names upon the "Roll
of Honor" and in their dosire to sorvo
their country on nny terms, will work
for a nominal or pocket money wage,
so lowering tne standard of wages and
involving in ruin many women dependent on their cnrningB. J
Without restrictions of a stringent
nature, the fifty thousand women quoted above as being out of employment,
will become five hundred thousand in a
very Bhort time.
After the War, Wbat Then?
Another difficulty is the complications
Hiiro to arise when at last tho war is
over and thousands of men return,
cither to find themselves unemployed or
to throw women out of tho work to
which they have become accustomed.
A memorandum drawn up by the
British government and Lnbor representatives contains nothing for tho pro-
,yl   CUT, 12.00n
$1.50 PER YEAR
taction of women, in only one clause
are they mentioned and then in mott
ambigoue terms:
The relaxion of existing demarcation restrictions or admission of
semiskilled or female labor shall
.  not affect adversely the rates ens*
* tomarily paid for the job.   In eases
where men who ordinarily do the
work are adversely affected thereby,  the   necessary   readjustments
shall be made so that they can
maintain their previous earnings.
Such a clause is only too capable of
interpretation that a woman may receive lower wages than a man during
his absence but on Us. return his wages
shall rise to the old standard, and no
doubt a court of law would so rule.
Government Worst Sweater.
In view- of the fact that the British
governnftnt is itself the worst of sweaters, very little protection to the women
in industry will eome from that quarter.
Women working on a government subcontract for Khaki and other thiead,
nre paid seven or tight shillings ((1.78
or $2.15) a week for tltvtn or twelve
hours work per day.
There is one thing sure however, and
that is, the suffragist women are fully
awakened and it will not be their fault
if the "Soil of Honor" becomes another term for the exploitation of women.
Advertisements Show Many Opening*—
Problem la How to Oat Ther*.
A large number of machinists—fitters
as they are termed in   England-—and
others, are out of work in Canada, particularly in the west.   Much talk has
been going the rounds about government assistance being   given   to aid
some of those unemployed here to get
to England, but nothing has been, done
so far.   That' there are ample opportunities over there ia apparent from the
following advertisements selected from
the Citizen, the British labor paper:
Belsise Motors, I,td., Clayton, Manchester, have vacancies for capstan and
turret operators, drillers and strikers.
Government work.
* •   #
Foundrymen wanted at once—Machine
moulders, furnaeemen, laborers, fet-
tlers, and castings inspectors for
large motor works in Midlands. No
dispute. Only steady, competent men
need apply. Standard wages plus
shop bonus and war bonus. Railway
fares refunded to men engaged who
prove satisfactory. Apply, stating
nge, experience, and present employers, to Box 481, Daily Citizen, "
Fleet Street, London, E. C.
* •   *
Mechanics Wanted—Turners, drillers,
millers, 'grinders, inspectors, markers-
off, borers and bullard operators.
Btate age, wages, and full particulars
of experience, whether willing to
work day or nights, to Machine Department, The Daimler Company, Ltd.
* •   •
Mechanics and Fitters Wanted—Apply
Read, Holliday & sons, Ltd., Hudders-
t   *   *
Sand Moulders (two), good, immediately—Francis Morton & Co., Ltd., Oars-
ton, Liverpool.
Skilled Mechanics, who will receive
beBt rates, time-and-a-qunrter over
time, double-time Sunday labor, bonus
on output, also war bonus. To men
engaged, traveling expenses paid.
Men required include tool room fitters
and turners, experienced in guages,
tups, dies, jigs, fixtures, otc. Also
men for Lucas borers, cutter grinders,
capstan hands, drillers, millers, and
turret operators for Jones and Lam-
son machines. Constant work guaranteed to suitable men. Apply Machine Dept., The Austin Motor Co.,
Ltd., Northfleld, Birmingham.
* *   •
A first-clnsB lathe hand to design and
create large sets of capstan and milling tools for Important Motor Accessory Patent; permanency. Apply E.
Showell & Sons, Ltd.,StlrcMey, Birmingham.
* *    a
Wanted, for machine tool work, planers,
shaper, miller, and horizontal borer;
rate 40s. fid. for 53 hours and overtime and bonus. Apply Selson Engineering Company, Ltd., St. George'a
Road, Coventry.
■   «   •
Wanted, acetylene welders, also tinplate
workers; must be first-class men;
good wages. Porter & Company, Lincoln.
A Potpouri of Punches Pleasant, Pleading and
The Sceptical Scarificator
Sendi a Shower of
We hear a great deal abont "trot-
dom" these days, especially the "frtt-
QOm ***     tt\e*     tofllLubi      1*..*        U.l'._      — — _;
of tke workers; but, when analysed, a "free worker" is merely a
wage-slave whose owner has been freed
from caring for him or her when sick
or unemployed.
One difference between the market
conditions of the capitalist   and   tht
worker it that the capitalist can stud
slow returns and   small   profits,   the"
worker must have quick returns.     .
When Bogus Toll Out, Etc.
French and German financiers ara ea-
joying a Uttle professional jealousy
over their respective metnods of "«iS-
ing ends meet." Dr. Heffelrich, secretary of the German Imperial treasury,
•ays that "French financial pellcTeS
sista of turning paper into paper, with
a great disffySfYrt." tfhmiutt
Frenchman, M. Bibot, replied that
"German flnanea is an exchange It
paper for paper, a process encouraged
by recourse to the penal eode," A plain
case of the kettle calling "black fie?"
o the pot. 'If this war coniSSe. "ih
few" ",.]iMe 4o le»™ » Meta-
side history of financial methods When
rogue, fall „nt, the truth ZZXaSs
Concerning Compensation.
More Than Fourteen Million Workers
Art Organlied.
Commissioner Lynch of tbe New
York department of labor reports that
thero aro in tho world 14,113,011 trade
union mombers, an increnso of 1,100,-
007 in a year. The larger memberships
Great Britain and Ireland .. 3,098,769
Ocrmnny   3,213,580
United States  2,004,701
Franco 1,027,057
Italy       971,007
Austria      532,
Australia       433,224
The biggeBt American unions nro connected with transportation, 007,845.
Next come building nnd stone working,
543,400, nnd milieu and quarries, 523,
American unions ruined in 1913 $14,-
139,328. Nearly $9,000,000 wore expended in death bencfitB; only $3,500,-
000 for strikes. The #1,355,000 used
for sick benefits flecms relatively small,
but not nil unions mako such nllow*
nneefl. Tho Typogrnphical union paid
$242,050 in old nge pensions.
Names nnfnmiliar here occur in
foreign classiOcntion—Czech unionfl in
Austria, rivnl Socialist and Christian
unionfl in Belgium nnd Germany, Hirsch-
Dunckir unions in tho latter country.
In Holland the Christian unionfl nro
divided into Protestant nnd Catholic.
British unions spond $19,000,000 n
year—onc-third for strikes-—and hnve
$5,000,000 in accumulated funds.
"Freedom" of Germany.
For daring to suggest that tho Social Democracy of Germany and its
allies take the initiative in peace overtures, Kdmmrd Bernstein, prominent
socialist of thnt country, hns boon accused in nn official document of incit*
ng soldiers to revolt nnd of high treas*
>n. Information to this effect in contained in the French socialist daily,
True glory consists in so living as to
make tho world happier and bettor for
your living.—Pliny,
InLLe1"'0.0 «'*'/*"*"" °' """W
m^ml"8& th°n »S*
whole, .industrial   accidents   enrt^L!
w. h«. 2"?. •""**' -n v~»* «»t»
looking after that Compeneafion law?
.   Win, far Culture or Cash?
*' ■**■ Fronch, financial   intertttt
aa^K   licU»K" the GeSta
?-f™ •» *_   A'-*' the Franeo-PrusSS
Sn- th5 S0™" "M* *■»• -f-roneTone
billion doll.,, indemnity for th,  pri"
ll. iSuft !° pay ,his "'•••■naity, and
J"n with"""' ?" """"* kStS-fcHB
J ears, with, as yet, no reduction in the
est. Still many believe that wars a»
madeJorcuHure, and other S.'S
#       #       »
thnn fn°0iJin re^oIt " in*8Ditely wiser
Btltz of Untmployment.
The Canadian government has recently equipped several   of   the military
chassis, on whioh is mounted a machine
gun of rifle caliber for riot serrio" Ttt
machine can travel 40 miles an hour
and is good for 75 miles on ono tank'
full of gasoline. The gun can fire ISO
shots per minute, has an effective range
of two and a half miles, can be operated
while the motor cycle is in motion, and
is so designed that, after the first shot
'„» .1 \u •.■""-toft flrine «■"! oji-ction
of the shells is performed automatically
by the force of the powder gases, as
long as the trigger is pressed. As the
capitalistic eloment in this country do
not indulge in the luxury of rioting,'
the natural assumption is that this
rather effective little toy is provided
for the sole benefit of any obstreperous
members of the working class. Still the
Canadian writers grumble thnt the government does not look nftor thoir interests I
More Food Up; Lost Goes Down.
There was a steady fall in the wholesale and retail prices of food throughout tho greator part of the world frm
1877 to 1900. From then on, there hns
been a gradual rise, and still rising.
High prices tend to inereoflo production
—and to limit consumption. This looks
like a strong pull in both directions—
with the likelihood of a break some-
whore, w. M. C.
To Meet at 7 O'clock Ntxt Wednesday
Evening in Labor Templo.
A short mooting of tho central labor
body Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada convention committeo took
place on Wednesday ovoning, with
Chairman Pettipioco, Secretory Brooks
and other members present. Tho badgo
sub-committoo waa authorized to ordor
300 badges. The accommodation subcommittee reported that tho Hotol Irving was the only all-union hotol which
they eould recommend as convention
hendqunrtern. Tho committeo will moot
next Wednesday ovoning at 7 o'clock
in Hoom 217, one hour prior to,tho parliamentary commitoo.
Coming for Machinists.
Word hns been rcceivod at Ottawa
that a representative of the British governmont ia coming to Canada to engage
machinists to work on tho manufacture
of ammunition. Thoro are many unemployed machinists in the west.
J. B. Osborne at Ftrnlt.
.T.   B. Osborne, tho   "blind   orator"
gavo an addross in tho socialist hall
at Fernio last Sunday.
Though I havo been trained a soldier
nnd participated In many battles, thero
never was a time whon in my opinion,
some way could not bo found of preventing the drnwing of the sword.—U.
S. Grant. PAGE TWO
FBIDAY   MAT 14, 1815
93 Branches ln Canada
A general banking buslneas transacted.   Circular letters of credit.
Bank money orders.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
. current rata
Tlie Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital <
Total Attttt - •
. |11,WO,00
Ont Dollar will open
tht account, and your
butlntaa will bt welcome bt It Urge or
Your Banking
Tht Bank of Toronto offers to
all business people the advantage
of lta mott complete and modern
banking service. Many years of
experience in Canadian Banking,
large resources, ample banking
facilities, carefully chosen connection!, and tho service of efficient and accurate officers are
tome of the advantages gained
by traneacting your banking affairs with this Institution.
Paid-up Capital I5.ooo.ooo
Btstrrtd Fundi .»e,S07,272
Conn Hastings ud Camblt Sts.
British Columbia
Splendid opportunities In Jl—oi
Fanning, Dairying, Stock and
rotiltry. British Columbia
Orants Pro-tmptlone of IM acres
to Actual Bettlert—
TEBM8—Besldenoe on tht land
for at ltatt thrtt years; Improve-
ments to tht txttnt of (5 ptr
tore; bringing under cultivation
at least five aorta.
For further Information apply to
depot**- unmix* OF
yrjOxpiOA, Bid.
A paid-up union card  	
you to all the prtvlle/ee of the
Labor Ttmplt Club.   Try IL
Publiihed every Friday morning by the
B. C. Federationlit, Ltd.
R. Firb Pettlplece Manner
J. W. WUUnMD Editor
Offlce: Room 217. Labor Ttmplt
Tel.  Exchange Sey. 7495.
Subscription: $1.50 per year; In Vancouver
City, $2.00; tb unions subscribing
ln a body, $1.00
W. G. Barker Advertising Manager
New Westminster.. .W. B. Maiden, Box 084
Prince Rupert W. E. Denning, Box 681
Victoria A. 8. Wells. Box 1888
Affiliated with tbe Western Labor Press
'Unity of Labor; the hope of the world."
FRIDAY     MAY 14, 1915
city lines by the B, C. Electric
Railway company contains
possible significance which does not
figure prominently in the official announcement by General Manager Kidd.
The wage scale and
working agreement
between the company and the street
railwaymen expires June 30th next,
Either party desiring to change the
terms of that document is required to
give 30 days' notice to the other. Now;
the only certain thing in thiB world
the uncertainty of everything, but it
looks to us as though the company has
lowered fares as much to put itself in
the good graces of the public in case
it has decided to make an attempt to
lower the wages of its employees, as
for any other reuon. The jitneys are
already waning in popularity, and regulation will regulate many of them off
the streets for lack of profit from working them. Reduction ot street car fares
will conduce to making the position of
the jitney more difficult, and with
memories of the past two years fresh
in mind it looks very much as though
the company would like to play its
grand slam. If we are mistaken we are
glad. If we are right we are glad also,
in a way. For in any cobo it is not for
US to wait until the bump comes and
then cry "Look outl" Neither are we
going to pretend because this matter of
wages has not yet been officially mentioned, that we think the company has
forgotten it. We have the best of reasons for believing that right at this
moment it Ib one of the livest matters
receiving the consideration of the officials both here and in London.
very learned American, asks
the world in general and nobody in particular whether tbe war will
cauBe the death of "democracy and
rule by the people,"
and leave the
affairs of the nations in the hands
of diplomats and
militarists. - His
question implies that before the war he
believes matters were not controlled by
the element he fears. Well if "democracy and rule by the people" brought
the world to the place where it is just
now, for heaven's sake let us have
some of the other stuff as quick as it
can be got. In conclusion, and without
taking up more of your time, as we
know you have a lot of business to do,
we might mention that Albert Bushnell
Hart is a professor at Harvard University.   Serve him right.
istie.of the immortal Reverend Stiggins
and the tin tabernacle. By what right—
except the right of benighted and arrogant stupidity—has any aggregation
of parsons to call itself "moral leaders of the people"? Anyone not knowing better might think that morality,
instead of having the most varied and
relative meanings, began and ended in
the theological ruts in which these
would-be mentors were trained. But
even accepting the term "moral"
the senBe in which they use it, they
are not the "leaders of the pepple.
And there is where a good deal of the
trouble arises. The people are not following them in the bad old-fashioned
way which their bovine ancestors took
for piety. Their themes are too vapid
ih most cases for minds capable of activity worth calling intelligence.
Their doctrines are too narrow and col-
orlesB, and bear too little relation to
the blood-red facts of daily life as lived
by the mass of humans, for them to
have the real grip they would like on
the socinl conscience of the present
«        #        *        #
Ab to making "known the truth regardless of consequences"—why, there
is not one parson out of the whole of
the "cloth," who has learned Ms
trade properly, who dare get up and
tell his flock even that much of the
truth about it which he knows, much
less a good deal more which he suspects.
The stupidest of them—which means the
honest ones—only believe what they
can swallow, and try to forget the rest,
The cleverest and most learned of them
salve the situation over by the comforting theory that their trade is a
very necessary one to keep the "ignorant masses" from, running amok and
carrying the present-day social order
along with them. This is more common
knowledge now than it used to be, with
the result that everywhere the cry of
the empty church is heard, and the dull
insolence which passed for clerical
austerity, has had to give place to more
sensational methods of securing a collection. So par&ons dabble in politics—
despite the fact thatthey are not legally
eligible to become legislators-^and they
try to mix morals in with it too, although -goodness knows what morals
have got to do with politics. Still,
however they may account for that,
there is no reason why they ahould be
allowed to get away scot free with
such tt piece of supercillious impudence
as that quoted from their pamphlet.
THE BAMPHLET published hy tht
Ministerial union; and entitled,
Tie Crisis in B.C., makes very
interesting reading, especially that part
of it which consists
„„„.„, o£   the   revelations
POLITICS .      . ..    ■    .
based   on   the   re*
PABSONS searches ofMr.M.B.
AND MORALS Cotsworth. But for
some reason or
another, he felt constrained to submit
hiB clever indictment of the government
to an organization of clergymen, for
their endorsement and approval. Being
invited to put their fingers into the
pie, they do so, in a "Foreword." Contained therein is one of tho choicest
pieces of ecclesiastical impudence which
we have come across in many moons. It
As moral leaders of the people of
this province we aro in duty bound
to make known the truth regardless of consequences,
it is a jewel.   Change "moral" into
'political," and It would Bound like
a typical piece of tho ornamental verbiage which has led the electors of tho
province to mistake Premier McBride
for a statesman for the past ten years.
It is typical of the non-conformist
conscience, that it Bhould presume in its
narrowness to set up its code as tho
most suitable ond desirable for tho people at large to follow'.   It is character-
the Essential Requirement
of the Experienced Investor
Conservative investors seeking safety and a good return will
flnd tho B.C. Municipal Bonds we handle to be a safe and
profitable investment.
Ab Fiscal Agents wo offer today, City of Salmon Arm debentures at a price to yield 7% per cent, net, interest payable
half yearly.
Circular on request.
Canadian Financiers Trust comi^ny
Patrick Donnelly-General Manager
badly these days between its
purse and its patriotism over
the Lusitania horror. The Western
Fuel company has about one hundred
Austrlans employed
in its mines there.
Last week-end a
deputation of business men approached M. T. E. Stock;
ett, the manager of the mines to request
him to discharge his Austrlans, as a
protest against the Lusitania outrage.
On Monday last, Mr. A. E. Planta,
mayor of -Nanaimo, issued an appeal
in the Free Press asking cltizenB not to
cause anti-German disturbances such as
had taken place in Victoria the previous Saturday night.    ,
* a a a
Also on Monday last, the soldiers in
Nanaimo were confined to barracks,
apparently to prevent them emulating
tjieir fellows iu Victoria. The upshot
of it all is, that the mines of the Western Fuel company were closed down at
the beginning of this week, for
week or two in tho hopo that the whole
thing will blow over. The Austrlans
employed there are strike-breakers
brought into the mines to assist in defeating the miners during their late
strike. In that capacity they have proved very useful tools of the company
which doubtless does not care a rap
where they come from'as long as they
are profitable slaves.
« « * *
The whole business is a comedy of
mixed motives. When the strike was
on the mine owners continually assured
the public their prime reason for fighting the miners was for the good of the
miners. They wanted them to be delivered from the yoke of "foreign"
agitators and enjoy the rights of free-
born British subjects. That, despite
the fact that the Western Fuel company
is a "foreign" concern with headquarters in San Francisco where it supplied
Nanaimo coal to the German cruiser
Loipsig last August.
t • • •
Ab to the petty business men of Nanaimo, they were almost to a man
against the miners, and viewed the
bringing of Austrian strike-breakers
into Nanaimo with approval. Their deputation to Mr. .Stockett was not really
so much because they object to the nationality of the AustrianB, as because
owing to the latter having most of the
jobs, the British born miners cannot
get work. Dozens of them are leaving
Nanaimo for Australia and Britain because they have been starved out.
Many of them are obliged to leave
behind them debts in Nanalmo. For
that reason the merchants do not want
them to go, and are now in favor of
the Austrinns being let out. The whole
thing is a scream.
EIENTAL EXCLUSION is a proposition which white races may
not always be able to handle
with acts of parliament and resolutions.
This applies particularly to such a race
* as the Japanese,
whose development
in the art of "making things stick"
by the same methods which white nations have used for that purpose in
times past, is one of the most significant factors which has made its appearance during the last ten years in international relations. That country does
not show any signs of being willing to
be despised in the future as it has been
in the past.
„JL # | # ■ •
The main objections put forward
against Japanese immigration by the
white races are difference of color, of
social customs, willingness to work
cheaper than white men and thus lower
the standard of living and so on. All
of which may be true. But the point
iB that the Japanese are rapidly building up a naval and military fighting
machine. They are not doing that for
the fun of the thing. They are doing it
to make the.world sit up and take notice of them and their aspirations.
They have been taught the lessons they
are now beginning to apply by some
of the nations against whom they may
eventually apply them.
• «        t        •
This aspect of the * question- is one
which the labor movement has not as
yet considered very much, for the reason that as a possible contingency it
has not hitherto loomed, up very large.
The labor movement stands pledged to
the policy of international disarnment.
The Japanese government does not.
The Japanese ruling class as represented! in affiairs of government is master of
Japan. The labor movement there is
practically non-existent, and the workers exercise but little influence over
that section of the Japanese nation
which is becoming imbued with ideas
of furthering the influence of their
country in the future, by military force.
• •        *        «
The entire question resolves itself
into this. If the time ever comes when
the Japanese government announces
its intention of resisting edicts of Japanese exclusion by armed force, what
will be the correct attitude of organized labor? The query applies more
particularly to the situation in the
United States while it has a general
bearing on the whole question of Oriental exclusion in all white countries,
A lawyer in court this week referred
to him aB Sam Hughes. The judge said
it was Major General Samuel Hughes.
The Lethbridge Herald Bays Sam Shoes.
We speak as those less wise, but what
we would like to know is who the	
is right ? These are parlous times and
it is often most important that one
Bhould be able to speak "by the card.*'
P. S.—That quotation is from Hamlet,
in case anybody should ask. We want
to do all we can to get matters put
right before the hot weather comes.
ELBERT HUBBARD is numbered
among those drowned in the
Lusitania disaster. As the editor of "The Philistine" he was known
from one end of America to the other
as a unique writer
and publicist. His
work, in the very
nature of it was
more journalism
than literature.
What he was personally it is for those
who knew him thus to say. From a
public standpoint he was flrst and last
an advertiser. He was firmly persuaded that any man in America who had
ability which would exchange for the
cash nexus requisite to make life more
materially enjoyable for its owner, was
a fool to hide his light under a bushel
or bury his talent in the sand.
' He was clever; very clever; but not
great. And if he set any store by the
somewhat doubtful value of posthumous fame, he certainly did not let it
interfere with a very practical appreciation of the value of a dollar; Like
Omar he believed in taking the cash in
hand, nor heeding the brave music of
the distant drum. His peculiar talent
lay in a remarkable ability to combine
the purely practical and the essentially
artistic, in such felicitous fashion as to
make the result distinctly useful to himself, and not altogether unpleasant to
others. Insofar; his work often bordered* dangerously near to that of the
charlatan; but there was a certain
amount of substantial grounding to it,
which just saved it from that fate. If
his last wish was in consonance with
his past life and methods, it waB most
likely one that he would live to tell
his experiences to his readers. He would
regret having to sacrifice the best
"copy" that ever came to his hand.
The B.C. Federatlonist is authorised by Vancouver Trades
and Labor councU to appeal for
and acknowledge contributions to
the fund for financing the provincial election campaign of the
council. Now is the time to send
that subscription along. Don't
leave all these things until the
last minute. Do it Now. Every
contribution will be acknowledged
no -matter how large or small
Don't be shy about it If you are
not able to make it a $10.00 bill
It will be just as welcome whatever it is. The last time the
Federationist issued an appeal it
was for the women and children
of Vancouver Island miners a
year ago last Christmas." Somewhere round about $7,000 was
collected then. Only one-seventh
of that—$1,000—rs needed this
time, and surely the object is
worth striving for. This is a job
which the workers bave got to do
for themselveB if lt Is to be done
at all. So send along your contributions NOW.
Westminster Trust Co.
J. J. JONES. Man. Director.
J. A. RENNIE. Sec.-Treas.
• at a Big Reduction %$
Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent at $2.60 up
Wills Drawn Free of Oharge
Deposits Accepted anil Interest at Four Per Cent. Allowed
on Daily Balances. »
The working class is forced, nine-
tenths of its time, to look out on the
world and life through the punch holes
in its meal ticket. Little wonder its
perspective is often out of gear.
The individual who first discovered
that people in the mass can be persuaded to take politics seriously was a
seer. A seer is a person who can see
things which most people only look at.
After reading Mr. Cotsworth 'a pamphlet "The Crisis in B. C," it is easier
to understand the frantic desiro displayed by the Liberals during the past
few years to get into political office.
Such a riot of boodle as is disclosed
must have made the heart of many an
"honest Grit" drop tears of blood in
envy. No wonder they want the
ganized workers to give them a leg into
the trough. To taste the Blush would be
Heaven. Only to be able to sniff it
from afar must be—most annoying, '
Cranbrook Herald in a flne burst of
virtue says:
It   is   time   British   Columbia
adopted the regulations similar to
those   of    California    preventing
stocks and shares being offered to
the public in worthless flotations.
Evidently the Herald is not in favor
of the "Business as  Usual"    slogan.
What would British Columbia do if her
leading industry were to be hampered
in that fashion f   It would be acting in
restraint of trade.    We cannot agree
with such unpatriotic proposals.
protest from
Wednesday, in a   small   way,
gave recognition to a big principle.  As part of its policy of administration, it is proposed to establish   a
refreshment     stand
at Kitsilano beach,
to be owned and controlled by the board.
This proposal
brought forth a
9 private interests
which felt they should be permitted to
monopolize the refreshment business on
the beach. The policy of the board
waB vigorously upheld by Commissioner
Owen, the chairman—as those who
know his views fully expected. But
the surprise was Commissioner Roger*,
from whose past expressions of opinion
wo should have expected opposition.
However, he said:
That there had been too big a
disposition in Vancouver to pay re- ,
gard to private interests instead of
looking at it from   the   public's
point of view.
The matter under consideration was
only of trivial importance, but the principle involved is very far reaching
and might be applied to many of the
public services of the city with benefit
to the citizens in general.
AlmoBt overybody talks,   but   very
few say anything.
American newspapers are practically
unanimous in their condemnation of the
sinking of the Lusitania by a German
submarine. Most of them lay particular
stress on the fact that hundreds of the
victims were helpless women and children. Just over a year ago, the state
militia of Colorado, assisted by the
hired gunmen of the Rockefeller interests, slaughtered women and children
of striking miners at Ludlow. Twenty
of them were roasted alive and smothered in a hole. Very few of these same
newspapers had a word of condemnation for that massacre. But so far aB
we can see there is little diffedence in
principle between the action o the
butchers of Ludlow and those responsible for the sinking of the Lusitania.
Perhaps the different attitude of the
American press at the time is due to
the fact that some of the American victims of the Lusitania horror were well-
to-do people, while the victims of Ludlow were chiefly "foreign scum."
With a boon companion and "B. O.
Special'11 gladness envelopeth the heart,
and monotony taketh wings. ***
The tendency of the present age is
to produce a crop of reformer-reforming .reformers. The reforming instinct
is so firmly imbedded in some natures
and the futility of universal reforming
is becoming so apparant that, sooner
than most of us expect, megalomania
will flnd no outlet other than reforming reformers. And, of course, the next
step will be reforming the reformer of
reformers, which will eventuate in making all reformers like the big fleas that
are preyed upon by smaller fleas, which,
in turn, have still smaller fleas to bite
'em, and so on ad infinitum.—Life.
The alcoholic beverage has at last
reached its highest stage. Drink "B.
C. Special," made in British Columbia.
Ubor Temple
Phone Sey. 4490
printers of The Pep.
Phone:    Seymour 8250
Supplies tnd Bepairs of AU Kind*
*     Barley-Davidson Motorcycles
1018 Fender Stnet West
Vancouver, B. O.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
Three Stores
Manufacturing Co.
r loo* oil
Sweeping Compound.
619 Georgia Street
Phooe Soymour 3086
Latin Hato Cleaned, dyed, reieared or
. btekydtatathe latett.tvlM.
135 Hastings W., Vancouver
Phones:   Seymour 8258 and 82(9
Hose & Brooks Co., Ltd.
Wines, Liquors wl Cigars
501 Main Street, Vanoouver, B.C.
*—__  AND   LABOR   COUNCU, -
F*   L.   bUaghausn,   vloe-preildent;   flw.J
'" " »"
Baril.v TaBBS-"-   vioe-prealdent,    _..-.,
nSSSL'.  i8!°eral   "oretaw,   MO   LaborT
thSP*!   u" H- Ql«terl(fie, treasurer;
"red a. Hoover,  statistician* aifimntL
floe, Room 208 Labor Temnli,   aSSI
w pJ&SP-S- •*■>»■"••« aeoretary, oJo,
W. Curnook, Room M8. Labor T.mnl.'
a n ™Me?,,B evwr '" and !rd iWsdiv
8 P.m., Room 807. President iISKl
{"»*•>» 65; Snanolal seoretary.' P
_ 4tlfrri_*&_fri**&%
«r..r,t! """**• ^ W»»» *£«
Coal mlnlni rtihte of tbe Dominion,
In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and In a portion of th. Provlnc.
ot British Columbia, may be leaaed tor
a term of twenty-one years at an annual
S'.ntal ot 81 an acre. Not more than
SU aorta will ba leaaed to one appll
cant. ™
Applications for leas, muat ba made by
the applicant In person to th. Ai.nt or
Sub-Agent of tha dlstriot In which th.
riihta applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory tha land muat be
described by sections, or lefal subdivisions of sections, and In unsurveyod territory th. tract applied for ahall be
staked by th. applicant himself.
Eaeh application muat be accompanied
by a fee of 15, whloh will bo refunded If
tho rights applied for aro not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of th.
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Asent with sworn returna
accounting for tha full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights
are not being operated, such returns
should lie furnished at least once a year.
The lease will Include the coal mining
rlghta ohly, hut the lessee may be permitted to purohaae whatever available
surface rights may bo considered necessary for the working ef the mine at the
rate of 810 an acre.
For full Information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Landa
_ ■     :;;     w. h. cort,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. Ii.—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be mid for—nosno
Dlreotor.: Jas. Brown, preildent; B. P.
Pettlpleoe. vice-president; Edward Lothian,
Jams. Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, Oeo. WU*
by, W. J. N.gle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free.
Managing dlreotor and secretary-treasurer, J*
H. MoVety, room 211, Labor Temple.
at call of president, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. O. Director.: Jam.. Campbell,
preildent; J. H. MoVety, seoretarytreaanrer;
A. Watchman, A. S. Weill. R. Farm. Petti-
pleoe, manager, 217 Labor Temple. Tele*
phone;   Seymonr 740t. '
The Man who doesn't put by a bit
from hi. wages for himself eaoh pay
day ha. bnt himself to blame if hla
old age la .pent ln poverty.
Reference—Dunn'., Braditreeti, or
any Financial Houae of repute In
Trust Company
122 Hastings St. West.
Vancouver, and  McKay Station,
■urnaby, I.e.
v?'?..*«,1,.,t prohibition I Demand per
tonal liberty In choosing what you will drink.
Aik for this Label when puroheilng Bear,
Ale or Porter, as a guarantee that lt I. Un-
ion Hade. This Is Our Label
™i vB*W£,! """urer, W. T. Tarlor   S
207, Ubor Tempi;:       ***' •""*•«. -***°°*» I
•^".Vy-^Stii! WJpMRB, LOOAL NO'.1
—:...T:- '""gnauB-an. Koom aw,
S!S *7"T *nt ,nd H**, Wednesday In the
?°n.'h.'"„™om ttt, Labor Temple. President, A. Hurry; vlee-prealdent, A. BerentMn;
El.S.WJ*" •*"'•'"•"•■• J"' Oornl.™ mil
olSv.7"*" «""!' •■"""»" ■••retary;
Oeorge Montgomery; tnu^ HlM|d j^lt,
recording Veor.tary,*"RT
tv!K* 5,re"- Business
Train, Room 808,  Labot,
u.huimu   seer
Comox atreet,
Dowding.  838
agent, Jan
•i«i£u!r i>  AMERICA.—Vancouver and
oayi at Labor Temple, room 208.   H Nlriiil
^V&lVrkyM',. -=*S 1
„    B^OJEfJ, Ploa.er BMaloa, No. 101^,
Meeta Labor Temple, ucondhandI fourth Wril
J»«J>ja « 2:ao and 8 p. m.   Preildent 3m%
™..WTw;S,£l,*?l, *™"" ••■■! -taanclal see*!
_____%?■ •""■■' F"4 A- Hm'»'3
s n m'C<iS!J,fcM*f"S *VS?V Wednesday,'
L1','™,;™; ,J4'JiLbi,r Tomplo. Fining
cm seoretary, b. Prendergaat, room 818. i
v .•.'y-WS1"1",* LocmI No* 178—Meetings
President, Miss H. Outterldge; recording,
5KT&,*J-*a*?DMSd' B« «■»* "nan-
clal seii, K. Paterson. P. o. Box 508.
TYPOaRAPHIOAL    ONION,    NO.    ia«~
Meeti last Sunday or each month at I
_______y?rr,n»m'' *•
B.    O.    FEDERATION OF I.Annn—u..i.
in .nnu«l convention In January. Executive effioen, 1018*16: President, A. W.tch*
man; vleepreildenti—Vancouver, W. F.
Dunn.J. H. MeVety; Vlotoria, B. Simmon.;
S?w-,Wi,lmM,,,i.w*.T«,»: -Prince Rupert
?le{.2.t- ?■' HLV:°* A' (^.neouvir island).
S. Outhrl.; Dlatrlct 18, U. M. W. of A
(Crow's Neil Valley), A. J. Carter; seen-
tKry-treeiurer, A. 8. Weill, P. O. box 1881,
Victoria, B. C.
-   -?°.S Oounoil—M»U every second aad
fourth' Wednesday at 8 p. m. la Labor hall, i
Preildent, 0.   Cropley;   flnanolal   secretary,'
R. A. Stoney; general   secretary,   W.    E.
Maiden.   P. <J.B.oi08«.   The public U la-
vlled la attend.
VICTORIA TRADES,AND LABOR OOUNOIL—MeeU tret and third Wadaeaday.
Labor hall, l«2t Oovernment street, at 8
6 m.   Preildent, A. S. Welle I secretary, F.
eldrldie, Box 802, Victoria, B. O.
the Dentist
Full wt of Nature Teeth
Bridge Work, per tooth....
Gold Fillings, per tooth.,,.
Porcelain Fillings, per tooth
Amalgam Fillings, per tooth
Painless  Extractions,  per
WHSN yoa bring your tooth troublei to nw, yoa need worry no more for nt
lout ten yoftn.
KT (KTABANTEED HAXiLMXB pllnleii method h»i btniihed ill piln ud
■hook—no dlioomfort whatever.
WHEN I hiTe fitted you with my NATURE TEETH—after thoroughly preparing your month, curing any pouible gum trouble (Pyorrhea or Rlggi Diiease)
and rendering the oral cavity abaolutely healthy—yon may trait ln my ten*year
guarantee of perfect aerrlee.
* ROOM 21
46 •BIDAY   MAT U, 1915
\5ailt t3i- Weor.^le
Made In ^^^
THE firm of J. LECKIE & CO.,
LTD., are manufacturers of
men's and boys' QUALITY shoes
Whether it is the miner's or
spldier's heavy boot or'street
walking shoe, if it's a LECKIE
it is the best that can be made.
LECKIE SHOES are honestly built of best leather obtainable.
They are built to give you MAXIMUM shoe satisfaction—at a
' correct'price.
Another item; Keep your dollar   at   home   by   demanding
World Shoe Co.
64 Haitian St, W., Phone Sey. 1770
Beit Shoe Repalrlns; "While You Walt"
Work called lor and delivered
Logger.' Miner.' Crtpplea' and any kind
of .pedal Shoe, made to order
Named Shoes are frequently made in Nan-
Union Factories—Do Not Boy Any Shoe
no matter what Its nam*, unless It bans a
plain and readable Impression or this stamp.
All shoes without tht Union Stamp an
alwaya Non-Union. \
145 Summer Stnet, Boston, Mast.
J. F. Tobln, Pro.   0. L. Blaine, Bac.-Trtaa.
Ask for   "NAB 0 B - Products
OOPPEE looms
Get and use "NABOB" everytime
a^caasaa———m... ■ .j.. j.j ,-.,.——,■ i   -.,   ______
Jingle Pot Coal
Our Vancouver Island Coal is the highest grade mined on the Pacific
More heat, no clinkers, lasts longer. Try a ton.
Millwood nnd Kindling  $2.50 load
Choice 16 inch Fir i $3.00 load
Phene: Stymour 1836
Phont Sey. 539. Vancouver, B.O.
Plant*   Kew Gardens
X   1CU11A3       603 Pender St, W. near Mchaid
Patronize the Union Label
by using
For Bale at All Dealers
295 Dufferln Street
Hew, Modern, Flrt-Olaee
Telephone Sojmoar l
Baits 11.60 per Pay aad Pp
. i.
THE USE of this pure bottled beer in
the homes of British Columbia people
has increased so much that in 1914 we
sold over 750,000 bottles more than in
Is by far the most popular beer in
Western Canada.
-6 Pints -   -   -   50 cents
3 Quarts    r  -   50 cents
Vancouver (Qreuierles Limited
(Continued from page One.)
compensation commensurate with the
wrong he has suffered. This amount is
usually equivalent to the monetary loss
whieh the injury has caused him, plus
expenses, plus compensation for pain
and Buffering, plus a reasonable amount
for disfigurement, etc., the amount of
damages being assessed by a jury of
his peers. This bill seeks to take away
that remedy.
What It Substitutes.
It Bays that if you lose a part of your
hand through the negligence of your
employer or if you lose some fingers
through a defective machine, all you
can claim is 55 per eent. of your wages
until you can work again. That might
not amount to $200. We now have this
situation. The state says, "If you loSe
some fingers or a hand we will pay you
$200, a leg $200, an eye $300," and so
on, fixing a specified pnee on all parts
of the human body as if it were an
animal 'a carcass for stxe. ' * Under this
bill you won't have to flght to get this
money. Here it is fixed in the state
compensation act. True, under the old
regime you would have had a remedy
at common law and might have claimed $20,000 in tort, but you won't have
to fight now, so take the $200 and be
thankful." Why should the state
have the right to say arbitrarily to the
skilled artisan what his fingers are
worth and why should it seek to rob
him of his time-honored right of re-
More Common Law Aspects.
At the time they were considering
the English Workmen's Compensation
Act, the beBt legal talent of the British Isles looked into the question as
to whether or not it was constitutional
to take away the workman's common
law remedy and these legal lights
came to the conclusion that it was unconstitutional. About a month ago a
case was tried in the State of New
York and it has also Been held unconstitutional there. Nevertheless the proposed act for British Columbia is coercive, compulsory and equally violates
the basic principles of our constitution.
If it is in opposition to the principles
of the constitution of tne United States
to take away the worker's right to
have his claim trie-3 Dy a jury of his
peers, I claim that it is more unconstitutional here where we are living under the Union Jack in consonance with
the principles of liberty for which the
Union Jack haB always stood.
Equal Protection For AIL
The common law was created for the
EQUAL protection of all citizens. Under the proposed bill the worker's right
of a common law remedy is taken away
but the* employer's common law remedy
remains intact. The employer can claim
against the workman for any amount
if the workman negligently injures
him, but if the employer negligently injures Ms employee, the latter must take
the small amount of compensation fixed
in the Btate compensation act and cannot take action at common law and
have his claim assesses "by a jury. The
law which has been created for the
EQUAL protection of all citizens is
rendered inoperative when that citizen
is a worker. I think that is a very
pernicious provision.
Represented Insurance Interests.
Of course you know that I am an insurance man and represent the insur-
nace men of Vancouver who are vitally interested in this measure. At the
present time a feeling seems to have
arisen that the insurance companies are
to blame for some of the conditions
that exist today. The cry goes along
the line that John Smith was injured,
that his firm referred him to an insurance company and that the insurance,
company told him there was nothing
coming to him. The story is repeated
with woird exaggerations until the insurance companies become monstrous
institutions in the eyes of some of
these .people. We are dealing with this
subject in the light of cold facts.
The Employers' Liability Act.
At the present time if the worker
iB injured he has in addition to his common law remedy a claim under the Employers' Liability act, failing which
he can ask for compensation under the
Workmen's Compensation Act. Now,
the Employers' Liability net and the
Workmen's Compensation Act are so
ambiguous in their terms that very, few
people know whether or not certain
trades are covered under their provisions or the amount of compensation provided. But the insurance companies
should not be blamed if certain accidents are not covered by these acts.
They had nothing to do with their
enactment. They have to take the
laws as they find them. They go to
the employers and sayi—"The laws of
British Columbia make you responsible
for so much. For a specified premium
we will issue a policy indemnifying
you against your actual legal liability.
If the laws make you responsible we
will pay. If you are not liable under
the.*laws, we will not." If the laws
are ambiguous or imperfect or do not
give as much as you think should be
given, you cannot blame the insurance
Industries Should Bear Burden.
I admit that tho industries that are
employing human beings ought to be
made to take care or the burden of
broken human machinery just as well
as they have to take care of the broken
inanimate machinery. But let me emphasize that the insurance companies
have to take the laws aB they find
them. They charge a premium in accordance with the liability imposed by
these laws and If the laws are not clear
or do not provide compensation in certain cases they cannot be expected to
pay. My point is that the insurance
companies should not bo blamed for the
imperfections in the laws with the making of which they have nnd absolutely
nothing whatever to do.
WlU Create Insecure Feeling.
If this bill goes through and a Btate
insurance fund is established it will
create a feeling of insecurity which will
very injurious to the development
of the province. Tou are all speaking about unemployment. I think state
interference of this description is going
to increase unemployment; The whole
of Canada is starving for lack of capital
to develop the natural resources. Capital is Beared. I merely take conditions
as I find them. I am not dealing with
the regeneration of human society or
anything of that kind. When some capitalists want to start a new industry
and turn to British Columbia what do
.they see over here?, One agitator
shouts; "Let us tax this business."
Another one shouts, "Let us drive this
business out of the province," and so
on. And when these capitalists see
this policy of state interference they become frightened and avoid this field.
Scare Capital; Lower Labor Demand.
The bill stipulates that the fund is
to-be made up by assessing each industry^ separately. In other words, each
trade' is assessed according to the actual amount which haB been paid out
in compensation for that trade. Suppose, for instance, there are thirty people in the Province of British Columbia
engaged in the contracting business
and in the year 1918 their compensation to their employees amounts to $500,-
000. That amount, has to be borne
equally by those thirty contractors.
If some of the contractors cannot pay
their share the other contractors have
to make up the deficiency. Over in the
State of Washington they had ah explosion in a powder factory and they
are wrangling yet about making the
other powder companies pay for that
explosion.' This kind of legislation
legislates people out of business and reduces the demand for ta-uor. If you ask
a contractor what it will cost to build
a certain house, he will aak for the
plans and specifications and then figure all Mb costs. If thiB bill becomes
law how can he figure all his costs if a
year or two afterwards the commissioner comes along and demands an assessment of some thousands of dollars
from him owing to some catastrophe of
another firm with which he had nothing
to dot
Reference to Washington Btate,
Before cloBinf, I would like to refer
very succinctly to conditions in the
State of Washington. The recent report issued by the authorities is really
a cry for help. The fund is in anything but a flourishing condition and
both employers and employees appear to
be dissatisfied. The report shows that
expenses are increasing and that the
number of accidents is growing larger
apd larger. What else could be expected when the act takes away all incentive to take steps for accident prevention.
State insurance is bound to
very costly and very inefficient and
would in my estimation have a calamitous effect upon British Columbia. Ab
the governments are constituted today,
it would be a menace not only to employers but to employees as well and
would be the last straw to many legitimate businesses which have been struggling valiantly to weather the severe
financial storm. What the government
ought to do is to help and not impede—
to Hash through the storm a message of
hope and not of despair.
Thanks for Council's Courtesy,
Gentlemen, I thank you very much
for your courtesy and considerations It
is not my intention to take up the time
of your business session any longer. On
some future occasion, after you have
had an opportunity of reading this
speech over aB published in your paper, The Federationist, and of considering the matter of Compulsory
State Monopolistic Insurance at your
lebure, I shall be only too delighted to
have the privilege of eoming before
you again and answering any questions
or debating the subject with you.
Water is the world's most important
liquid. Without it, "B. C. Special"
whisky could not be manufactured. ***
Women Regarded by Canadian Law as
Homeless, Childless.
The majority of the married women
of Manitoba, Canada, are both homeless and childless, in the eyes of the
law. That so many women have good
homes, and a right to their children,
is merely through the courtesy of their
husbands, and not because they are
legally entitled to any such consideration.
At marriage, men frequently solemnly promise to endow their wives
with all their worldly goods. According to the legal interpretation thiB
seems to mean that the woman promises to endow her husband with the
fruit of her labor from marriage until
A woman may help her husband to
get a home, sho may put money,
strength und time into it, she may*
give ner youth and her womanhood to
it, and in the end she has no claim on
it, unless it is in her name, which does
not happen once in a thousand times.
Her husband may sell the place and
squander the money. He may take
another woman into the home to live,
and the wife haB no recourse, The
place is not hers, even the clothes she
has on her back do noj; legally belong
to her. The home, for which she has
given the best of her life, may be sold
nway from her; it may be willed away
from her. She may be left in old age
homeless and penniless.
No mother in Manitoba has any
.claim on her children. The children
of Manitoba have only one parent and
that is the father. The father can
give away, send away, take away and
will away his children from their
mother and she has no recourse. By
having the power to will away their
children, men have reached back from
the grave and taken a child from its
Laws are not made for the good
and just, but for the bad and unjust
and the women of Manitoba are rising
up and demanding plain, common
sense, every-day justice for their sis-
terB,—Lilian Benyon Thomas, Political Equulity League.
Logic on the Floor of the House.
A glowing illustration of logical argument was afforded on the floor of the
house at the national capital, during
the debate on the Mondell resolution to
bestow the suffrage on women through
amenderaent to the federal constitution.
"Gentlemen," said the impassioned
sponker, a representative from the
south, "it is said that women would
purify politics in this country. For 125
years this same country has been
wholly man governed, and I submit that
nowhere in the world, at no time in
history, has any country had tho clean
government enjoyed by theBe United
States of America. Gentlemen, never
will I vote to permit our women to trail
thoir skirts in the muck and mire of
our politics."
"And thore wns not," said Mrs.
Carrie Chapman Cutt, in recalling tbe
speech, "so muoh as a dash betwoen
tne last sentence and those that pe-
Most Organizations Report
Conditions Are Worst
for Years
Unemployment  Bureau
Now Put Up to the
City Council
The regular meeting of above was
held in the Labor hall May 5th. President Wells in the chair.
The Lock Joint Pipe company, of
Seattle, had been charging Workmen,
employed by them in Victoria, the two
cents war tax on wage checks. This
matter was in the hands of the city
Reports of Unions.
The various delegates reported trade
generally bad, with few execeptions.
Street Railway, men reported that
the company had decided to reduce the
fares and put on extra cars, and it was
expected that all the men would be
fully employed.
Steam Engineers complained that the
Brewery WorkerB were sending to outside organizations for men and not
from their local. The matter was referred back to the Steam Engineers
and Brewery Workers fo report at next
Longshoremen reported that the. Pile
Drivers union were also doing this and
the matter was referred to the executive, and that a letter be Bent to the
Vancouver local of Pile Drivers for information.
. The Week;  Labor Bureau.
The attention of the council was
brought to a notice in the paper called
the "Week." The secretary was instructed to write to the editor and inform him that the fact of his having
condemned the delegates on their actions was a recommendation that the
delegates had done the correct thing,
Del. Day reported that the Central
Labor Bureau committee had turned the
whole affair over to the city councU for
them to deal with.
The delegates were Instructed to
watch closely the action of the council
in dealing with this question.
"B. C. Special" Whisky Is specially
made in B. C. for those special people
who know good whisky when they taste
Self Sacrifice.
Hank, don't drink that whiskey, for
you know it may be poisoned. Sometimes prospectors, when 'they flnd a
mine and can't locate, poison the whiskey to kill intruders. Wow, Hatok, you
know you have a family to look after,
and poor old John has not a living
soul to mourn for him, give 'it to me
and if it kills me you will be saved.
The tale is told of a Borrowing husband who personally prepared his wife's
tombstone. "Lord, she was Thine'*
waB to be part of the inscription, but
the inexperienced sculptor could only
find room for "Lord, she was Thin."
Ask for LaJ
Seymour  .74
K Tsmple 'Phene Exchange,
[5   (nnlus  otherwise  itated).
Bartenden—Oeo. W. Curnock, Room 208,
Bricklayers—Wm. 8. Dagnall, Room 215.
Cooki, Walten, Waitreim—Room 208;
Andy Graham; phone Sey. 8414.
Electrical Worken (outside)-E. H. Morrison, Room 207.
Electrical Workers (inside)—F. L. Estinghausen, Room 207.
Englneera (ateam)—Room 216; E. Prender-
Laboren—John Sully, Room 220.
Longshoremen'a   Association —   Offloe,   145
Alexander street; F. Payne;   phone   Bar.
Musicians—H. J, Brasfleld, Roomi 804-805,
Ltbor Temple.
Street Railway Employeea—Fred. A. Hoover;
phone Bey. 60S.
Typographical—R. H. Neelands, Rooms 212-
Allied Printing Tradea Council—R. H. Neelands, Box 06.
Barben—S. H. Grant, 58S Georgia street.
Bartenders—Geo. w. Curtiuuti, Huum
201, Labor Temple.
Blacksmiths — Malcotm Porter, View
Hill P. O.
Bookblnden—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty-
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakeri-i—A. Kriser, 118V Howe Bt.
Brewery Worken—Frank Graham. Lsbor
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Room
215, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Council—T. h. Barratt, Room 209, Leber Temple.
Clgarmaken—Care Kurti Cigar Factory, 72
Water Btreet.
Cooks, Walten, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Room 206, Labor Temple,
Electrical Worken (outside)—E. H. Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple,
Eleotrleal Worken (Inalde)—Room 207; F.
L. Estinghausen.
Engineers—E. Prendergaet, Room 110, Libor Temple.
Qrunite cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment Worken—Labor Temple.
Horseshoers—Labor Temple.
Lettercarriera—Robt. Wight,  District  13.
Laborers—George Harrison, Room 220, Labor Temple.
Lathers—Victor R. Midday, Labor Temple.
Locomotive Firemen and Engineen—O. Howard, 607 Davie Btreet.
Loco. Engineers—A. E. Solloway, 1088
Pacific.   Tel. Sev. 8671L.
Longshoremen—P. Payne, 10 Powell stnet.
Ma-jfilnlHW—J. H. McVety, Knom 411,
Lnhnr Temple.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Rooms 104-105,
Labor Temple.
Marbleworkers—Frank Hall, Janes Road,
Moving Picture Operators—L. E. Goodman, Labor Temple.
Painters—J. Train, Room 308, Labor
Plaroben—Room 206 1-2, Labor Temple.
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Pla*st«rers—John James Cornish, 180»
Eleventh Ave. Eaat.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle Street.
Quarry Workera—Jamee Hepburn, care
Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A. E. McCorvllIe,
Box 241.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb, 420 Nelson
Seamen's Union.
Structural Iron Worken—Room 908, Labor
Stonecutten—James Rayburn, _. O. Box
Sheet Metal Worken.
Street Railway Employeea—Jamea E. Grlffln,
166 Twenty-fifth avenue cut.
Stereotypers— W. Bayley, care Province,
Telegraphers—E, B. Peppln, Box 482.
Trades and Labor Council—Geo. Bartley,
Room 110 Labor Temple,
Typographical—H. Neelands,  Box 66.
Taflort-C. MoDonald, Box 601.
Theatricel Stags Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpers—Evan Thomas,
Labor Temple.
Women Are Enlisting
.Mon Ate N.sdtd to Use
Thousands of women ttt miking wish.
Ing eider or latOng BOTAL OBOWN
NAPTHA SOAP do tb* hud put ot tho
washing for ttam. Trj a ciko tnd job
will loss no time tnllitliig.
|        1
Grow Your Own
Vegetable* ud ent down household expenses. In ill onr expeiiene* wt
never bid better rogetable growing itock. Decide now—tbl ldiil ttae
to let; climate conditions are fa-rorabl*.
AU lie Best for
Eirly letting
Parsnips, Carrots,
Lettuce, Radish,
Ultra Oood
2 lbs. for SSe.
At All Onr BrincbM.  Catalogue and Information "free.
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 T 25 Cents
32 Bides at
A 5 Cent Fare
32 Bides on
Togo Tickets
Your Saving On
$1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00      60c.
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
Tbey are sold by conductors on tbe cars, at tbe B.O. Blectric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Hastings streets and 1138 Oranvllle Btreet; the Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and south end of
Oranvllle street bridge; Depotmaster's Offlce at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Car Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at the
places of business of the following firms throughout the city:
Woodward's   Dapt.   Stores    (Drug
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner.
Spencer's Dept.   Store   (Cashier's
offlce, information Bureau and Exchange Desks), near Richards.
Wood's Pharmacy—Seymour Street
Campbell's Pbartrscy — Granville
Street Corner.
Owl Drugstore—Mr!n Street corner.
Harrison's Drag Store—Near Car-
rail street
Browne    k    Beaton,      Druggists,
Pender atreet corner.
Law's   Drugstore — Harris street
Owl    Drugstore  — Abbott  Btreet
Owl    Drugstore — Dunlevy street
(English Bay)    ■■
Torrence Drugstore — Davie
Hudson's Bay Oo. All departmenta
Georgia street corner.
Gordon Drysdale's   (Notion    Conn*
tor)  near Dunsmuir.
Owl Drugstore — Dunsmuir itreet.
Harrison's    Drugstore —    Robson
street corner.
Browne * Beaton, druggists, Davie
street corner.
Pill Boi Drugstore — Nelson etreet
corner *
Law's Drugstore — Davie    street
Harrison's     Drugstore — Pender
etreet corner.
Harrison's   Drugstore — Granville
street  and   Seventh  avenue.
Law's Drugstore — Near Broadway
Campbell's Drugstore — Broadway
and Commercial Drive,
Mitchell's  Confectionery— Georgia
street entranoo.
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
1138 Granville St.
Near Davie
BRIDGE WORK, per Tooth...... ......      s.OO
ENAMEL FILLINOS    ......       8.00
Musses ot the gams, Including Pyorrhea, successfully treated.
All work guaranteed.
Phons Seymour 3331 OOco:  101 Buk et Ottawa Building
602 Hsstings Street Wert
from $3.50 up
901-Slt KAimOS MBIBT WEST Fbsw
How Can I Make a Success
Of the Poultry Business?
Hss sa Essex Model Hot
Air et Jubilee Hot Water Incubator, ud is In-
ternatlonal Sanitary Hover.
We specialise In ill
kinds of Poultry Supplies.
Hardware ud McOormlek Finn Machinery
1048 MAIN STEEET Write for Oitilogni ud Pricei PAGE SIX.
FBIDAY   MAY 14, 181!
Men! Come to This Store
for Your Straw Hat
The weather aayB wear them. Fashion as well as comfort says wear them
And you'll want to obey their orders when you aeo our 1915 straws—
handsomer than all previous styles, better too, yet no higher in prices.
We have the real Panama, end the popular boater styles—hats to fit every
'head—blocks to become every face—and prices to meet the reuirements
of everybody's purse.   Bead:— «
MEN'S STEAW HATS of English sennet straw in boater style,
with black silk bands and leather
sweat band with medium high
crowns and 2 1-4 inchA-4 *[}C_
brims.     Price ...... «J>I.*uO
MEN'S HATS in New York and
British makes, of sennet and split
straws, with high tapering crowna
and narrow brims, together with
the more conservative styles,
trimmed with best quality silk
cord ribbons.     Prices
HATS in pineapple weave, with
black silk bands, butterfly bow,
leather sweats, 3 inch crown and
2 inch brim 0t% AA
PriCe %Pmama\afU
' newest and most popular shapes,
bought direot from the makers,
and blocked to suit our patrons.
The best values to be had any*
where.   Prices—
$3.50 to $5.00      $5.00 to $12.50
M^b^son'sBauConipanj). \
\_ .   ^) maaamma  uta     mam t wgaiftff itomi mhhwimih j
Greater Vancouver's
Newest Hotel
European Plan
$1.00 per Day and Up
Seymour & dunsmuir Sts. Vancouver
One Block from Labor Temple
This Official List Of Allied Printing Offices
BAGLEI* SONS. 151 Halting. Strait Seymour 810
BLOCHBEROER, F. R., SIS Brosdwijr Isat Fairmont 203
BRAND A PERRY, one Pender Stmt, West   Strmoor a»78
BURRARD   PUBLISHINO   CO.   711   Sermon.   9.ml    8./moor   S6SO
CHINOOK PRINTING CO., 4801 Mile 8tr..t   F.fmont 1874
CLARKE A STUART, 820 Seymour Street   .Seraumr 8
COMMERCIAL TRINTINO A rUBLISHINO CO..  ..World Bolldln,. Soy. 4M0-87
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Temple Bolldln«. Seviour 4400
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO C(5, 487 DuMkulr Street.  ......Seraour 1108
SUSiJ—U^SSSSi.^i" *** £""■ •*■*•*■>« ■**■>*■•-»•>« St ...Seymour 5850
ORANDVIEW PRINTERS.  144S Comm.rel.r Hlthlud 741L
JEWELL  IS. L.  841 Pender St Seymour 1444
fJHSHAW, J. A., 58» How. St Soymour 8674
LATTA. R P., 888 Gore Ave j  ..Seymour 1089
MAIN PRINTING CO., 8851 Msln St Fairmont 1088
MeLEAN A SHOEMAKER, North V.ncouyer N. Van. 53
MOORE PRINTING CO., Cor. GranrlUe and Robion St. Stymour 4543
NEWS-ADVERTISER, 801 Pender St Seymour 1028*41
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancourer N Van. 80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, World Bulldlns  Seymour 0692
PEARCE A HODGSON. 618 Hamilton Stre.1 Seymoor 2928
BOEDDE. O. A., 816 Hom«r 8tr.«t S«ymour 204
SCANDINAVIAN PUBLISHING CO., 817 Cambie St Seymour 8509
TERMINAL COT PRESS, 2408 Weitmlmter Road Fairmont 1140
THOMSON STATIONER!. 826 Ba.tlr.je W Ueymoor 8620
TIHH8, A. H„ 280 Fourteenth A»e. E    Fairmont 82IS
WESTERN PRESS, 828 Cordon W Seymour 7566
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO.. 881 Don.mulr St Seymoor 8636
WHITE A BINDON, 157-169 Cordora St. Seymour 1315
Writ, -union Label" on Tou Copy wben Ton Bond It to tbo Printer
Capital $15,000,000 Rast '.... $1S,600,000
Mala Offlce:   Corner Haatinga and Oranvllle Streets, Vancouver
ALMA ROAD Cor. Fourth Avenue and Alma Road
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. Flnt Avenue and Commercial Drive
EAST END Cor. Pender and Main Street.
FAIR VIEW Cor. Sixth Avenue and Oranvllle Street
HABTINGS and CAMBIE Cor. Hasting, and Gamble Street.
KITSILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
POWELL STREET Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraeer Road
Alio North Vancouver Branch, Corner Lonsdale Avenue and Esplanade
Be sure and place your TEA order to-day with
your Grocer for
40, 50, 60 cents per pound
HOTEL REGENT Absolutely Fireproof.   Local and  Long-uiBiuiice
nUlEili IUJUDH1   phono In Every Roora.Cnfo In Connection. Ratea
11.00 per day up.    Attractive F — *	
OotUniham A Be.tty. Proprietors
         _ Ivory
1.00 per day up.    Attractive Rates to Permanent Guests.
Office Furniture
Less Than Wholesale
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St. West
We are making a Clearance of
all present stock, of Offlce Furniture.
Oome early and make your
Tba most Important, tbo suit wonderful and too Moat popular library snt
l.itud.   Seven hundred volume. Is select Ileal.
■WD rom list
Haskell Book A Stationery 0o.. Ltd.
SM EsMaai Itreet West 678*611 Oranvllla street
By J. H. MeVety, Secretary Beaver
Lodgo, I; A. o M., Ho. 183.
It would be difficult to determine just
w-at part of tho standing of the
International Association of Machinists is due to thie work of 1>,
Douglas Wilson, editor of the Machinist 's J ournal, wnose death at the age of
55, has just been announced by the officers of that organisation.
Born in Scotland, his early life, after
completing his apprenticeship, was
spent as a sea-going engineer, in which
capacity he visited every country in the
world, acquiring a wide knowledge of
the folk lore and customs of the various
nations and particularly those of Asia,
afterwards supplementing this with extensive studies, which enabled him,
when elected to the position of editor
to produce a journal that dealt not only
with trade arfairs, past, present and
future, but with every phase of the
working class movement in every part
of the globe, a policy that brought him
into frequent conflict with that section
of tbe mebmership which seems to receive its inspiration from one of the
older religious organizations to flght
every movement that has any of the
elements of real progress. All.efforts
were, however, unsuccessful and he was
returned at each referendum election
with increasing majorities, even though
for the past live or six years he has
been both paralyzed and blind and has
had to depend for his knowledge of
current events upon a faithful wife and
daughter, who enabled him to maintain
the Journal at such a high standard
that it is greatly sought after among
many outside the actual ranks of the
His works have proven that "the pen
is mighter than the sword," .and' he
occupied the unique positionkof never
having prostituted his pen in behalf of
a. cause in which he did not believe.
Men Evolved Women's Extreme Dress.
When women spun, wove, cut out,
and made their own raiment, it invariably had a full covering effect. Where
women cut out and made in the bush
the effect is the some.
And not all, or even nearly all, because of want of skill; because for
thirty cents any women in the bush
can get a tight skirt, or other pattern,
and cut and make from it just as well
as the scantiy covered, undisguised,
home dressmaker in the town! ■-
Each makes as well, or as ill, as the
other, using the same patterns,, needlea,
cotton, material, and machine.
But when man invaded the spinning
room, took on the weaving, worked
with scissors and se-ntng-machine, took
the chief place behind the muslin and
laces' counter, edited fashion journals
and became designer and tailor-in-chief
'to woman's dress, little by little the
"hiding" character of dress went, and
the revealing, even when draped or
folded, took its place.
Either drink good whiskey or be a
teetotaler. Ask for "B.O. Special" and
avoid the necessity of swearing off. ***
(Northwestern League, 1915)
May 17, 18,
19,20,21 and 22
High Resistance Glass Used Oame From
Germany and Austria.
That the present war has involved a
very embarrassing situation for the
coal industry in Great Britain is asserted in the Kevue Wcieiitilique (Paris,
March G.)    Says this paper:
"The English mines are now lacking
in the high-resistance glass with which
Bafety-lamps are provided. Formerly
these were imported from Germany and
Austria, where, the flourishing glass industry was able to furnish a supply of
the first quality. Of course this importation is now impossible, and there is
an active search, in Great Britain, for
the means of supplying its place within
that country itself. It seems that up
to the present time only one English
concern has succeeded in turning out
glasB that can stand the severe tests
imposed by the government. So it-fls
possible that the stock of foreign glass
that will satisfy the demand may be
exhausted before a sufficient quantity
can be niade in the United Kingdom.
The authorities are in an embarrassing
situation; either they must relax the severity of their teBts, despite the fact
that the strength of the glass Ib an important factor in the safety of the
miners; or part of the collerles must
shut down. Of course, for the time being, the former course has ben adopetd;
and the Home Secretary has made a decision authorizing tho provisional use
for safety lamps of glass that has not
passed the usual tests. It is to be considered sufficient that the lamps have
been made in accordance with the general specifications regarding dimensions,
etc. . . . Manifestly, for the time
being, the mines will be less safe, for
considerable research will be necessary
before protective glass can be obtained
of such strength as that made in Germany or Austria."
The Advance agent of
Fonni a cloier union of Home, Bail'
nets and Frlendi
BiiBineiB   or   Residential  Telephone!
will be installed upon payment of
$0.00 Rental In Advance
For particular! call Seymour 6070
Contract Department
Will Be Anxious to Prove Up on Brilliant Advance Notice.
Delegates to the Los Angeles convention of the I. T. U., in August next, are
given a pen sketch by#Elmer E. Dun-
lap in the May Journal, which in itself
is an inspiration:
"California—the land of sunshine
and flowers, mountains, valleys, beaches
—is the joy spot of _ the world. Nowhere else are there such pictures of
sea and sky and plain and mountain,
such bright sunshine and tempering
breezes, such fragrant foilnge, sucb
brilliant colors in bush and tree. Sweltering heat or biting cold are unknown;
and to California sunstroke is a mythical name; frost bite is heard of no more
than a polar bear. Conjure up a memory of a most perfect May day, when
sunshine, soft airs aad the fragrance of
the buds and smiling nature combine to
make the heart glad, multiply it by
thirty-one, the number of days of the
month, and the result is the climate of
California in August, when the great
International Typographical union will
hold its greatest convention in the
greatest city of the greatest country on
earth. Other'things leave you, but the
charm of California abides; other
things change, but it remains the same
—balmy airs, summer seas, the restless
surf, garlanded crags, leaping cascades,
plumy palms, remote mountain summits,
woodland solitudes, the perfume of
flowers. Good Dame Nature gave California, and especially southern California, a climate close to perfection, and
gave to the land such features as would
make not alone a happy home for man,
but, as well, a pleasure ground. The
door of Los Angeles will be open in August to the union printers of the world
and their families, and over it all will
be placed the word* "Bienvenida"
(welcome). You will be given a cordial
greeting on the western summer shores
of the Golden State, and nowhere else
may be found such a new lease of life
as in a few weeks spent under California 'a smiling skies.''
Prominent Journal Says Dope Fiends
Due to Economic Causes.
Whatever reBults may follow the new
federal law against the sale of habit-
forming drugs there is one class of its
advocates which is doomed to disappointment. That is the class composed
of those who think tnat it will reduce
crime. Because a large percentage of
criminals are drug users these good people believe that crime will be lessened
by stopping the sale of drugs. They
are mistaking effect for cause. Existing
economic conditions do not provide
enough opportunities for all to earn an
honest living, however desirous all may
be to avoid crime. Drug users, being
less desirable as employees than others,
ore naturally among the excluded onea
who are driven to crime. Then again,
the nervous strain of a criminal life
may easily drive to ubo of drugs those
not addicted to the habit on entering
it. To cure all victims of the drug habit will be a great service to humanity,
but it should not be pushed as "just
ns good" substitute for removal of economic causes of crime.—The Public.
10 Cent Cakes
Unequalled Vaudeville  Meana
2.40, 7.20, 9.15    Season's  Prices:
Matinee, 16c; Evenings, Ho., IBo.
Take that Watch to
who will tell you what is the
matter, cost and guarantee all
Bepairs.   438 Bichards Street.
There were no frills on the observance of May Day in Toronto. As wob
the case last year, there was no attempt to hold a parade or have any
outside demonstration whatever.
A meeting of the non-English speaking workers was held in the Labor Temple in the afternoon, which was addressed by several speakers in their own
In the evening a well-attended meeting, composed largely of socialists and
trades unionists, was held in the Association Hall, corner of Yongo and
McGill streets. It partook of an educational chnrnctcr, and proved to be a
most satisfactory one, not only as regards the programme, but from the fact
that the audience was a far larger one
than last year.
Mechanics for England.
Mr. Acland in the British House of
Commons April 27th said the government had been in communication witu
the dominion governments on the question of the importation of suitable labor for the production of munitions of
war. If suitable labor was found arrangements would be made ns to transport. The government wished to get
as good Bupplics of munitions of war
from the dominions as possible.
They praiBC "the Son of Mon" and
slaughter the sons of men.
"Things Cooked as You Like Them"
E. B. Perry P. L. Wood
110 Cordova Street, Wut.      3 blocks cast of C. P. B. Station.
Take home one of our Chicken Loaves—half 75c, whole $1.50.
Trays delivered to all parts of tho city at any hour.
OPEN ALL NIGHT. Phone Seymour 3316.
mat ministerial pamphlet was presumably issued for the purpose of inviting sympathy for the persons and
firms who have acquired enormous areas
of B. C. lands, and who now wish they
hadn't. The administration is also
shown to be in an' unfortunate position.
It will in all likelihood be voted against
by large numbers of people who are
shocked by the alienation of the public
domain to speculators. It will also likely lose the support of the speculators
for the same reason.
t   «   #
John B. Lawson, of the United Mine
Workers, who was prominent in the recent Colorado troubles, has been convicted of "murder in the firat degree"
and sentenced to life imprisonment.
This course was rendered necessary as
Lawson was missed by all of the Bockefeller contingent who fired at him.
These rude Germans—they think of
the worst killing methods first.
Taking a leaf from the German book,
certain Victoria citizens evidently regard naturalization papers ob mere
"scraps of paper."
Crime, the Lusitania horror undoubtedly is. Nevertheless, in view of the
magnitude of the real crime, it is a
mere incident. The war itself is the
gigantic crime of all the centuries. Nor
can we be quite sure as to whom the
criminals really nre. Diplomats do not,
and, from the nature of their business,
cannot take ordinary people into their
confidence. *
»   #   *
True patriots are those whose hearts
and souls are fired with enthusiasm in
the cause of their country's peaceful
progress and the promotion of its people's welfare. It should be the duty
of every patriot, to whatever country
he may be devoted, to rest never content until the secret machinations of
great warring interests are laid bare.
Passionate hatred is the unhealthy emotion which enables international intriguers to further their disastrous ends.
Truth stimulates reason and allays
passion.   May truth eventually prevail.
The Wall treet Journal observes that
the jitneys have been unable to gain
a foothold in cities having a good street
car service. It seems to be up to the
B. C. Electric.
«   *
Enthusiasts who apply all their energies to the promotion of a cause, are
invariably accused of self-interest. ThiB
chills enthusiasm and dampens ardor,
and cauBes- self-interest eventually to
Acquire the true British Columbia
spirit. Make "B. C. Special" your
favorite liquifier.   That is, try It once,
Anyone who considers the end of life
must come to a grave conclusion.
The Store of Plenty.
118 Hastings St. West
Sensational Bargain
Fancy New Laid Eggs
on sale at 4 doz. $1.00
i lbs  16c.
BUTTEE—the finest fresh
butter, 3 lbs for   fl.00
Eitra quality, per sack... ,90c
Chice Apples for eating and
cooking, On sale, per box 11.15
KETCHUP, 35c. bottles
for  20c.
2-lb tins Special Wednesday
and Thursday, 2 tins .... 46c
GINGEB SNAPS, fresh Slbs 26c
40c value for  26c
Ground, 40c value for 26c
Phone Orden Bodied*—Sey. 6808
Store Open 7 a.m. 7 p.m. Sits. 11
Mall orders .tipped Sty received.
Phone: Fairmont 110
Patterson & Chandler
Manufacturer! of
Vault*, Curbing, Etc.
Office and Works:
Cor. 16th Ave. and Main St.
Branch Offlce: -loth A Fraeer Avea.
P....S.**. 221
520 Richards St.        VaacMvar, B. C.
Refined Service
One Block weet of Court House.
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymour 2425
..Sl5.cou,SR-^9,0'Ltllna. Chapel,
10!4 Oranvllle St., Phone gey. lilt.
North  Vanoouver — Offloe nd
Chapel, US-Sixth Bt. Weet. Phone
AT 50c. we have a superior two-thread balbriggan in all the
normal sizes up to 44 shirts and 42 drawers; also in short
stout sizes up to 50.
A great favorite with some men Ib the white mesh. It is here
in all sizes at SOo.   Also the porous kind of underwear at
50c. in all sizes to 44.
All the above are made with both knee and ankle length
drawers, with and without sleeves.
BALBBIGGAN    COMBINATIONS, in three qualities, at
$1.00, $1.25 and 41.50 a suit.
MESH COMBINATIONS—Short and long sleeves, in ankle
length styles, at $1.00 a suit.
POBOUS COMBINATIONS in same etyle, in natural and
white, at $1.00 a suit.
WHITE MADBAS COMBINATIONS, athletic style, with
open leg, knee length and sleeveless, is sizes to 46, at
$1.00 suit.
BABBIQGAN COMBINATIONS, in three qualities, at $1.00
well made and neatly finished,   "(his is underwear that
gives a surprising amount of wear for a small outlay.
—Main Floor, East Wing.
David Spencer Limited
Hotel Irving Grill Room
101 Hastings Street East
—as the only all-union hotel of its kind in Vancouver, has been designated as
The Finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars sold at
buffet, with courteous Union mixologists to serve
JOHN L SULLIVAN, Proprietor.
Phone: Seymour!
Just i whisper off Granville, 704 Robson Street
Harry Beckner.   Ervln Switzer.    Phone Soy. 8343.- VANCOUVER, B.O.
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Large fast American Steamers under American flag
Cabin Rate
SS. "St. Louis"....May 16th
88. "St. Paul''....May SSnd
S.S. "New Tork...May 29th
8.8. "Philadelphia" June 5th
. ud Weekly thereafter
aiid UP Cabin uid third class only
Company's Offices: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
$50.00 S.S.
Beslluce: 9SSI Birch Itreet.
Phene:   Barrio* 1306 a
OSes:   414 Bisks Biiuini
Pheae:   Seymour 7071
Vancouver, B. 0.
80 Toon a Specialist
Eyes Examined    —    Glosses Fitted
Personal consultation PIMay ood latotday
Blfhteen tissual petleute In B. 0., those,
anils of whom previously softens from
chronic Stomach anl Heart troubles, Buk
end Headache, In Unerases of the easse.
Don't Tall lie Tons Troubles.  I'll flnl
Bsferesee:  Menem of this paper.
at moderate
Sey. 7495
can supply all your Printing
need>. No Job too large or
too amall. First-clan workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty:
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.


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