BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Jul 3, 1914

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345008.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345008-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345008-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345008-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345008-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345008-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345008-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Industrial unity: strength.
SIXTH YE.   /  No. 169.
mte CALL
prill Meet in St. John, N.B.,
on Monday, September
21st Next
r—\ Resolutions Must Be In
Hands of the Secretary
Ten Days Before
The formal call for the annual contention of the Trades and Labor con-
jress has now been Issued, signed by
resident J, C. Watters; Vice-president F. Bancroft and Secretary-treas-
rer P. M. Draper. The convention will
lather in the city of St. John, N. B„
September 21st. Full text of the call
■Hows below, and organizations
hould take particular note ot the
nange In polloy with regard to relations. These must be ln at least
in days before the convention meets,
therwlBe a two-thirds majority vote
f the convention will be necessary
) accept them. The "call" reads:
"The thirtieth annuel session of the
rades and Labor congress of Canada
111 convene ln the Armouries Build-
g, Barrack square, foot of Carmar
lan street, city of St. John, province
: New Brunswick, beginning at 10
clock Monday morning, September
, 1914, and will continue in session
Dm day to day until the - business of
e convention has been completed.
Last year's meeting of the congress,
1 the city' of Montreal,' was an untainted success. The place selected
id the work done there contributed
.mark it as one ot the most Import-
it of a long series of conventions,
lis year the city of St. John, N. B.,
is been selected as the place of as-
imbly. This brings the congress to
e heart, of the maritime section of
e dominion and will afford an oppor
nlty for the people on the Atlantic
ast to learn something' of the
iportance of the great labor move-
bnt now going on In the Interest of
e wage earners and will be marked
the fuller consideration of many
unentous questions left uncomplet-
laBt year. There wll "also be fresl
d vital Issues discussed.
The particular attention of afflliat-
organizatlons is called to Article
, Section 2, governing the lntroduc-
m of resolutions, which reads:
, "Sec. 2.—That all resolutions for
:he consideration of the congress
shall be received by the secretary-treasurer not later than ten
lays prior to the opening of the
sonventlon, the same to be print-
id and Issued at the opening ses-
lion of the congress. Resolutions submitted contrary to this
lection can only be Introduced
ind dealt with- by the congress,
in a two-thirds vote of the dele-
:ates present. .The executive
hall appoint a committee on re-
olutions from the credentlalled
clegates Snd said committee
ball meer at least one day prior
0 the opening of the convention
or the purpose of considering all
lUBlness submitted to them."
'As the years pass, the problems
it the' congress has to study and
ye become more numerous, more
nplicated, more urgent and. more
enstve ln their scope. Even during
> past year many of the situations
lch, at the Montreal convention lt
s hoped would be soon ameliorated,
ve grown more accentuated and
re difficult of improvement. At St
in tbls year, further consideration
1 be given to matters left unfitted last seslon and in connection
th which fresh difficulties have
Isen during the past ten months,
long the subjects that will demand
reful attention at this year's con-
ntlon may be mentioned the follow-
il. Dominion and provincial legists-
in affecting labor Interests.
"2. The repeal of the present use-
is alien labor law.
"3. Enforcement of the mlsrepre-
ntatlon of monetary clauses of the
migration laws all the year round.
"4. Consideration of the proposed
!ht hour bill.
"5. Pronouncement on the adminis-
itlon of the workmen's compensa-
in acts In the various provinces.
(li. Amendments to  the  industrial
iputes investigation act.
Payment of wages on all  rail-
ys fortnightly.
Proposed amendments to the
tnlnion elections act, abolishing the
|K) deposit now exaoted; and mak-
election day a public holiday.
9. The case for labor on old age
Iislons and pensions for widows
|.h children ln Canada now pending
'ore a special committee of the
|nlnion parliament; and many other
In last year's   convention  call lt
pointed out that labor was far
|ti having the monopoly of organ-
Ion and that against its interests
Ire are some of the strongest "and
|t equipped  organizations in Can-
apd abroad.   ThlB grim truth bees dally more apparent. The con-
luence Is that a proportionate  in-
(ase ln activity and watchfulness Is
erative.   In fact, It would be high-
|iseful If a part of the attention of
convention were devoted to   a
ous study of this situation.
t'hls Ib the time to elect your dele-
b,   Let them be carefully select-
It Ib Important that active, Intel-
bt, experienced and above all re-
|[e men should come from all sec-
9,   The friends ot labor must be
and doing."   Elect your delegates
■nee.   Do not leave that vital duty
■he last momont.   This year's con-
Is must be strong, beyond the or-
■ry, especially ln the capacity and
wigth of the delegates.
CcS^SST)   $1.50 PEE YEAR
Problem That British Columbia Workers Must Solve
Things are not like the used to be. That
atmosphere of comparative freedom and independence which formerly existed ln the working clsss life ot this province, has gone. In
its place is something closely akin to bond
slavery. On Its surface lt may bear a different
[ name, but In its essence lt Is so. The men of
the towns were care-free and self-reliant, with
the confidence that the morrow held choice ot
half a dozen Jobs. The men of the Upper
Country and the Interior were of the virile
pioneer type, who fought Nature on her own
doorstep, and did the trall-blazlng tor those
that came after. Those were the days when
the metalliferous miners made the flght for,
and won, the eight-hour day. The men of the
building trades followed on with a similar purpose and attained tbelr object There was
more punch to the -working-class movement ln
those days.   It went after things and got tbem.
Not the B. C. of Old.
But a change has come over the scene. A
change which Seems as though lt Is going to be
a landmark and an epoch in the working class
life of British Columbia. His difficult to exactly determine the reason and causes for the
present state of affairs. Unemployment and
the fierce struggle for bread are undoubtedly
responsible for the vanished Independence of
former days. That seems to be due ln a measure to the fact that the Industrial life and development of the province have reached a point
where the present condition became Inevitable.
The Industries ot British Columbia are roughly divided into two parts. One part Is that con-
nected with natural resources, such as the
lumber, coal and metal mining, and the fishing Industries. Those are the primary and
basic Industries.   The industries of the towns,
such as building and tha manufacture and distribution of supplies are secondary and incidental to the former.
The palmy days of tbe labor movement occupied that period during which the towns
were being built up. There was a strong demand for mechanics and laborers, aad occasionally, for a while, supply would fall Short oi
demand: Organisation was good, and a lighting spirit was In tbe atmosphere as the result
of conditions. The towns, however, have now
been built up—Indeed tbey have been over
built, The demand for labor Is consequently restricted and Is chiefly confined to the basic Industries of the province,
Tbe working class conditions and custonts
which prevail In those industries, are worse
tban deplorable—they are rotten.
Modern Slav* Plantations.
Large companies and corporations controlling
those. Industries, own the land outright for
miles around the actual seat of operations.
And In doing so, they exercise the right of
possession not only over their territory, but
also over those who work on it. A typical lumber or mining camp ln this province Is nothing
more nor less than a slave compound under
another name. The company owns the Industry ln the first place. Then, while they may
not be the nominal owners, they are the actual
owners of the boarding bouses, the stores, the
hotels, and any other enterprises which may
be necessary snd subsidiary to the main Industry. Life Is only possible In these places, by.
the truck method.
No Law for Employers.
Wages, such as they are, are paid in cheque,
and exchanged for the bare crude necessities
of life, essential to maintain the worker Id that
physical condition whtcb wilt enable him to
do his work. The practice In Itself is a direct
violation of the. law. But, as the report bf the
recent labor commission says:
Although the Truck Act provides for the
payment of wages ln the "lawful money of
i Canada," and only by cheque when, the
workman consents to that method, we flnd -
■ aa an actual fact that the payment of
wakes ln cash Is the exception rather than
the rule. It Is probably through Ignorance of the provisions of the Truck Act, In
some cases, and In others through fear of
dismissal, that more workmen do not rely
upon their statutory, rights to have their
wages paid in cash.
Workers Have Ne "Rights."
But what "statutory rights" has a man got
away in the Isolation and desolation ot tbe
mountain minds and logging campa? All his
"rights," If he has any, are, perforce, sacrificed
to the all-Important fact tbat his job Is the only
thing between him and starvation. Only those
who have never lived or studied the camp life
would talk about "rights" In such places. Those
who know from experience are oynically candid In their confession that men in the camps
are little more than'the bond slaves of those
controlling the Industry. To such a degree has
this "truck"/ practice become the custom of
the camp, that only a "green" man will think of
going Into camp wltb blankets and outfit purchased down In town. It Is part of the all-
important, but unwritten contract, between tbe
campworker and the company^, that he shall
purchase all supplies at the company store,
Basic Industry—Employees Must Be Organised,
It Is not necessary to labor these things to
any length. Anyone who knows th. lite of tbe
working class in the camp lite of British Columbia, could add a hundred Instances of the
Iniquitous and degrading conditions that prevail. The point Is, that now that urban Indus*
try Is almost dead, the chronic lack ot organization among the workera ln th. basic Industries becomes more apparent Therein/lies a
great weakness, which must be tackled and
removed, before anything Ilk. a consolidation
of labor's Industrial strength can become a
fact In British Columbia.
There Is no question that the spirit Is here,
upon which the future of the movement ean,
and will be, built up. On the other hand, It
Is good and timely to hsve a stocktaking, with
a view to discovering weak spots, The strong
ones will take care of themselves.
British Columbia! In the labor movement of
this country, has a reputation to maintain. It
has, up to now, been looked upon as being free <|
from the shams and shibboleths which are supposed to have hindered progress in some parts
of the dominion. The workers who have penetrated to this last great west have been given
credit for being the more enterprising, re-
sourceful and adventurous types, whose keen
discernment was responsible for their coming
here, and who could be relied upon to see to it
that the same iniquities which prompted them
to| leave the east and the old country, should
not be repeated here. As things look today,
that reputation was either unjustified or, they
have failed for the time being. Howsoever
that may be, a careful and critical survey of
the working class position In British Columbia,
must bring the conviction that If the future Is
to hold bigger, better and brighter things for
the workers, NOW is the time to realize lt.
Government Outs Price of
Freight and Fares
25 Per Cent.
An Outsider Oan Nov Ship
Cattle or Produce-
Ring Broken
[Special Australian Correspondence]
Sydney, N. S. W., June 9.—The government of West Australia has entered Into competition ln the coastal
shipping trade. Before they came into
power the shipping on the West Australian'coast was ln the hands of a
few monopolists who were backed up
by the large cattle kings of that state.
Of course, the public had no say In
the matter and boats were only run
to suit the landed proprietors who arranged with the shipping companies
to charge what they liked on "relght.
If an outsider wished to ship produce
or cattle outside the ring he could
not do so. Then when tbe labor government got the reins of offlce they
set to work to put an end to this kind
of thing, and bring about a regular
service of steamship communication
with lower fares and freights. They
purchased two steamers whloh entered at once into the cattle trade.
These boats also secured the subsidy
for carrying the malls for the federal
government, thus cutting the private
boats belonging to the shipping cattle
rings out of tbe market In that direction. Right from the jump the West
Australian government cut the price
ot fares and freights down 26 per
cent, to the consternation of the monopolists. The private firms have lost
much trade and are now saying they
cannot compete against the state
boats, since they have no mall subsidy
to assist them. This year they are
making a small proflt, though they
lost on tbe flrst year. They brought
tares and freights down just £17,000
—whtcb sum would have gone into
the pockets of the rich companies.
So if they lost, as far as a commercial
undertaking Is concerned, they just
about cleared themselves by the
bringing down of prices.
There Is No Indication So
Far as to Probable.
Grand Chief Stone' Says
Know Result on July
the 14th
Warren A. Stone, of Cleveland,
Ohio, grand chief of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers, stated yesterday that the result ot the ballot
whether a strike shall be declared by
65,000 engineers and firemen on
railroads west bf Port Arthur and
Chicago, will be known some time
between July 10th and 14th. This Is
a secret ballot and there Is no indication as yet as to the result. The
men ask for Increased wages, shorter
hours and better working conditions,
the decision to take a strike vote being taken when the railroads refused
their demands.
Whites Outnumbered
Five to One
White fishermen of British Columbia have no protection whatever
against the encroachments on these
waters by Japanese fishermen, especially is this so on the Fraser river.
This month salmon fishing for the
canneries commences and all Indications point that anly about 20 per cent,
of the total men taking flsh will be
classed as whites, the remainder being chiefly Japanese and those of
all other nationalities.
Congress Committee
The committee appointed by the
Trades and Labor council to boost for
the 1916 convention of the Trades and
Labor congress of Canada to meet In
Vancouver, is meeting with success.
Any organization having suggestions
to make will be gladly received by
the committee, which comprises
Messrs. R. P. Pettipiece (chairman),
J. Sully and F. L. Estinghausen.
Owns   Extensive   Timber
Mills—State Hotels1 Are
Well Conducted
Takes Over a I Milk Supply
to Save the Lives of
[Special Australian Correspondence]
SYDNEY, N.'B, W., June 9.—Wjth
karri Umber forests valued at 1100,
000,000 and fully 90 per cent, of lt
belonging to the state, it seemed but
natural that the West Australian labor
government should go in extensively
for timber mills. Already one has
been erected and In a few% months It
shows a proflt of $10,000. There are
state hotels in that part of Australia,
well conducted, supplying pure liquor
and making good profits. There are
state dairies saving much mortality
that existed In child-life. Their establishment was brougbt about owing
to a request for pure milk, there having been a heavy mortality ln the
children's hospital at Perth (the capital of the state). The committee ot
the hotel asked the government to
take over a milk supply to tsave the
Innocent lives and lt did so. State
milk farms were established and milk
Is supplied dally and certified pure
by the government analyst. There
Is a proflt In the industry, and there Is
a great saving in child life. The state
also owns the ferries plying between
Perth and South Perth, and again
they are running them at a profit. Recently the labor government there
purchased the tramway service at
Perth, and these are also run at a
profit. A large power house Is now
In course of construction. It is expected on completion that the fares
will be further reduced, without cutting into the profit. From the same
power the government Intend to sell
lighting power to the various municipalities around the capital city.
Windy Jim Dick, of Hog Hollow,
has a mission. He wants to abolish
the bar.
Vancouver's Structure Declared To Be the Finest
on the Continent
Nearly All Built by Stock
Companies and Owned
by Unionists
The department of labor at Ottawa
has gathered statistics relating to
labor temples In Canada, ln which report Vancouver has special distinction. The Toronto trade unionists
have a property valued at 276,000. The
Port Arthur labor hall cost 140,000,
besides the land. Winnipeg labor
temple Is valued at $76,000 and pays
six per cent, dividend. Saskatoon
has a temporary structure and property worth $22,000. Calgary labor
temple Is capitalized at $76,000. The
New Westminster Labor Temple company payS 10 per cent, dividends on
Its $10,000 stock. The Victoria company has bought a site and has sold
$13,000 of stock out ot $100,000 auth
orlzed. It has not yet commenced
building. The labor temple in Montreal Is valued at $76,000. At Reglna,
Lethbrldge and Hamilton companies
have been organized. But the Vancouver labor temple is described as
"the finest example of labor temples
In Canada," and again "Is declared by
many to be the finest example of labor temples on tbe continent." The
report gives a full description of the
building which cost $163,526.41, and
with land worth- $130,000 represents
a total valuation of $285,000. Most
of these temples, including that of
Vancouver, aro built by joint stock
companies whose stock is all held by
unions and by trade unionists.
Trades and Labor Officers
Nominated For Next
Term Last Night
President Foster Speaks of
the  Island  Miners'
A handicap billiard tournament will
be held in club room commencing
July 27th,'and should prove Interesting to lovers of this fascinating, pastime. Three prizes will be given and
should be keenly contested for. Winner—solid gold medal; runner up—
solid silver medal; high break—solid
silver medal. These medals are on
display in club room.
If the Fellow Behind Would Only Pull in Unison With the Fellow in Front?
With only a moderate attendance
ot delegates, the council met last
night, presided over by president
W. E. Walker. W. J. Nagle, ,W. O.
Stanley and J. McNeil were obligated
as delegates and took their seats.
Vice-president Fred Bancroft of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada wrote announcing bis visit to
Vancouver on behalf of the Congress
and that be would deal specially with
the new Workmen's Compensation
act ln Ontario. The call for. a special
convention of the B. C. Federation of
Labor to be held tn Vancouver Labor
Temple July 13th, the executive
board recommending tbe Bending bf
two delegates, which proposal was
adopted. The call for the convention
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada to be held In St. John next
September was referred to the council committee which is empowered to
try and secure next years' convention
for Vancouver. The following telegram had been sent by Vice-president
J. H. McVety to A. VJ. Carter, secretary-treasurer of district 18 of the
United Mine Workers of America in
connection with the recent disaster
at Hlllcrest.
Vancouver, B. C.
June 20th, 1914.
A. J. Carter, Secretary-treasurer District 18, U. M.W. A.:
Vancouver Trades and Labor council
on behalf ot organized workers of
Vancouver, extends sympathy to district 18 and particularly to miners
of Hlllcrest union In the terrible dl
Bsster which has fallen upon your district today.
For the organization committee the
report was made that the B. C. Association ot Moving Picture Operators had been induced to Join hands
with the Moving Picture Operators'
union, thus terminating the friction
which has existed between those two
bodies. It was also, announced that
tbe halibut fishermen numbering
about 300 men had decided to join
the council. The 'old library committee was discharged, and Messrs Dunn,
Crawford and McVety were appointed
SB the new committee. Delegates
to tbe B. C. Federation of Labor convention were nominated as follows:
Dunn,' McVety, Hoover, Curnock,
Wolfe, McVety withdrew. Delegates
Dunn and Hoover were elected. Nominations for officers for ensuing six
months were as follows: For president
no one was nominated. For vice-president, McVety. For secretary, Bartley.
For secretary treasurer, Outterldge.
For statistician, Hoover. For Ber-
gent alarms, Sully. For trustees,
Trotter, Curnock and Knowles.
These nominations stand over to
next meeting when additions may be
made, and elections will take place.
The question of celebrating Labor
Day was discussed and delegates
Nagle, McVety, Curnock, Dunn and
Estinghausen as a committee to bring
recommendation at next meet-
Reports of Industrial Activities "Only Bait" for
the Jobless
The Union Secretarial State
Trade Outlook Very
Discouraging    '
in a
ing Arrangements are to be made
for a meeting to be addressed by Vice-
president Bancroft. President R.
Foster, of the Island miners, was present, and was invited to address the
[Special Correspondence]
Tha arrival of tha flrst pay car direct from Winnipeg, with the attached prjvate car, of Mr. ColUng-
wood Schrelber, waa heralded aa a
red letter day for Prince Rupert Tha
customary laudatory homage wai'
paid Mr. Colllngwood Schrelber and
his party. Hr. .8cbrelber Imparted
considerable Information relative to
the unbounded prosperity whloh hla
prophetic vision could discern on tha
Industrial horizon. It might hava
been that his optimistic utterancea
were In the minds of those who wished to add to his reception that hla
visit should be marked as one ot tha
big events in the city's history. Mr.
Schrelber, however, did not convey
ta the Inquisitive reporter all the Information relative to the outlook of
his company or say whether the next
pay train was going to convey a leaa
bullion to be dispensed to the faithful workmen, or why the Laurler creation ha*d seen fit to reduce the wages
of its section men and laborera to
ny, cents an hour, and lta carpentera
to 36. Truly it wtll be a "red letter
day" for those unfortunate workman
Interested ln the bread and butter
question. Public opinion should not
tolerate an Industry which operates
to deprive of all opportunity to msn
employed In It. What Is needed la
not an accession to the wealthy class,
but a diminishing ot the poverty class.
State of Trade
From the information given out by
the offlclsls ot the Grand Trunk which
undoubtedly will be circulated broadcast throughout the. country, supplemented by other Items, the tendency
will be .to create the Impression that
an unusual amount of Industrial aer
tlvlty prevails In Prince Rupert Thla
undoubtedly will prove bait to trap
the workless In other parts of tha
province and the eastern sections of
Canada to come to northern B, C,
believing It will be the Mecca where
there Is plenty of work for everyone.
To day there Is a sufficient number of
idle men In the city to cope with all
the enterprises projected. If all the
undertakings the lords of the O.T.P.
have told us will commence Immediately, there would be something
doing. But lt Is not the flrst Ume In
the history of Prince Rupert when Its
official visitors bave given out thla
kind of "dope" to a gullible public
and that the magic wand failed to
operate according to expectations.
Working men contemplating coming
here would do well to make other enquiries, than to rely on the statements of O. T. P. officials.
According to the reports ot the secretaries of the different organised
bodies of labor here, they show that
while there Is a little better outlook
for Industrial activity, that the workers with the exception of the Typographical union, are still feeling the
pinch of hard times. Conditions
along tbe water front show no marked Improvement. The members of the
local union are not employed more
than quarter of their time.
The building trades report a little
spurt In construction work. However,
there is quite a number of men walking tbe streets.
Members of the Structural Iron
Workers' uniop are being steadily employed at the dry dock which, outside of up-river points, is tbe only
place requiring members of tbe craft
The outlook for general labor Ib
none too bright. Any Information
wanted by workingmen who intend
visiting here will at all times be gladly answered by The Federatlonlst's
representative ut Prince ltupert—P.O.
box 631.
News Briefs
The building permits for Juno aggregate $24,916.
The new street sprinkler Is seen In
operation these sunny days, which
is quite an improvement on the old
makeshift. This goes to prove that It
does not alwayB rain In Rupert.
The excavating for the Q, T. P.
hotel Ib about completed. It Ib understood tbe next step will be to move
part of tbe hill, extending from the
hotel Bite to the corner of third
street along Second avenue.    „
According to Information given out
by the officials of tho O. T. P. who
arrived on the first pay car, It Is the
Intention to construct five tanks at
Hays Cove, of which will be 116 feet
In diameter. They will be manufactured at Sarnia and shipped over the
road in sections.
meeting. He had heard that many
people had the Idea that the miners
wanted a general strike of all workmen In the province. He could not
Bay what the miners would ask for.
But he did feel that the defeat of the
miners would be a blow to all organized labor ln British Columbls. The
miners had exhausted every effort to
get the government to apply the law
and had failed. Fifteen hundred
Asiatics were working In the island
mines, and a large number of strikebreakers alBO, who could not speak or
read I'ngllsh as required by the Coal
Mines Regulation act. The miners
would carry on the strike ss long'as
they possibly could. He appealed to
.delegates to make the coming convention as large as possible. PAGE TWO
FRIDAY. JULY 3, 19lj
Eburne, B. C„ June 4, 1914.
Messrs. Wm. J. McMaster & Sons, Ltd.,
Vancouver, B. C.
Oentlemen:—Your line of overalls covers all our requirements, and we
have found great satisfaction in handling your goods, particularly your
"Mac's Mogul" linn. We think this Is a well-made garment, roomy cut,
and bearing, as It does, the union label, and the fact that It Is made right
at our doors, gives us a peculiar satisfaction in selling them, as we ourselves feel that tt Is equal to, In every way, many highly advertised eastern
and American lines that compete with British Columbia made goods.
We have sold quite a number of your Surveyors' Suits," and hope to
order another consignment soon.
Please try and let us have the two special "Surveyor's Suits" ordered
from your traveller delivered as quickly as posslole.
From Troup & Benson,
Eburne, B. C.
Yours truly,
(Signed)   A. TROUP, Manager.
Per Jaa, A. McMaster,
Managing Director.
If the Federal Troops Are
Withdrawn from the
Strike Zone
Oen. Chase and His  Gun
Men Will Again Terrorize the Strikers
53 Cordova Street West Vancouver, B. 0.
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying,
Stock and Poultry.   British Columbia Grants Preemptions of 160 acres to Actual Settlers
TERMS—Residence on the
land for at least three years;
improvements to the extent
of $5 per acre; bringing un-
\ der cultivation at least five
For further information apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
Union Men! Be Loyal to Yourselves
By Using Only Union Made Goods
is made by union labor—is made good and is good.
Taste it and see. Your grocer has it, or ring up
Highland 537.
Vancouver vs. Portland
July 6, 7,8,9,10,11
WEEK DAYS. 4:00 P.m. SATURDAY, 3:00 p.m.
By MRS.  .1.  A.  CLARKE
[Special to The Federatlonist]
DENVER, Colo., June 30.—Colorado Is able to manage her own
affairs. Suoh Ib the report to be made
to President Wilson by the Btate
legislative committee which Investigated the Ludlow affair, according
to a report at the state capltol. That
statement would probably be true lt
Colorado governed herself, but lt Is
an utter falsehood considering that
Governor Ammons, a plant lickspittle
of the coal operators, Is attempting
to run the affairs of the state. Adjutant General Chase, who rode down
the women and children In Trinidad,
who kicked Sarah Slator savagely In
the breast, is still head of the national
guard. Llnderfelt, Hamrock and
every other leader of the militiamen
who destroyed the Ludlow tent colony,
murdering and cremating nineteen
men, women and children at Ludlow
in the most terrible slaughter ln Industrial history are still members of
that body. If the federal troops are
withdrawn from the field, the operators will soon cause enough trouble
to provide the governor with an excuse to send the scabherding mllltla
back to the strike district. There Is
no sane reason to believe that Chase
and his gunmen, will do any other
than before—terrorize the strikers,
their wives and children and possibly slaughter the innocents again as
they did at Ludlow.
Street Railway Employees
After a tedious waiting of several
months' duration, the long expected
epistle from the department of labor
containing the findings of the recent
board of conciliation ln the dispute
between the street railway employees and the B. C. E. railway has arrived. The matter was laid before
Division 134 of the street rallwaymen
at their meeting on Tuesday evening
last, and that organization decided to
abide by the findings of the arbitrators
tf the company did likewise, though
ln the opinion of the men that portion
ot the findings ln regard to the night
repair men was very unfair.
The attendance at the meeting was
much under what lt should have been,
considering the number of members,
and several matters were laid over
till the next meeting, In the hope of a
better attendance. On account of
present conditions and In view of the
many questions of moment which may
come before the members, and which
are of vital Interest to the organization, the membership is decldely lax
ln Its duty of attending meetings. All
members having the welfare of the
organization at heart will surely be on
hand at the next meeting and take
an Interest ln the work of the organisation and not leave it to a few. The
report of Business. Agent Yates was
quite a lengthy one, and touched on
many matters bf Importance. Three
months' leave of absence was granted
Bro. Shape to visit his home. It was
decided to present the retiring general
manager, Mr. Sperling, with a souvenir, and Bro. Rice was appointed as
a committee to take up a subscription.
A ruling was asked for by the leading bands In the car shop regarding
their standing in the division, and the
meeting decided that they were not
foremen and therefore entitled to be
members ot the association and attend tbe meetings.
The next meeting will be held on
Tuesday, July 14, snd the presence
of every member Is earnestly requested by the exeouttve.
921 Pender St. W»t       RATE8 11.00 A DAY UP      Phona Soymour 5860
F.   L.   WALLINQFORO,   Manager Flrat-claaa  anil  In  connection
Latest Addition to ______! Up-to-Date Hotela
Hotel Regent
Abaolutely Fireproof.   Local and Long-
Diatance Phone in Every
Abundance of Light and Heat. Cafe in Connection
Attractive Rates to Permanent
Painters Elect Officers
At the last regular meeting of local
union, No. 138, ot the Brotherhood of
Painters, Decorators and Paperhang
ers of America, the following officers
were elected for ensuing term: President, H. Grsnd; financial secretary,
R. Dowding; business agent, J, Train;
Delegates to Trades and Labor council, J. Nagle, Wm. J. Stanley, J. McNeil, W. McGilllvray, Walter Knight.
Lrl. L. Milk, Proprietor
EUROPEAN PLAN        Frederick A. En,lM, Mennser
I Hot and Cold Witter In
Every Koom. 150 Rooms
Connected with Until*.
-Tta-TT 235HaitinisSt.E.,Vanco«ver,B.C. EKfc!
  Ratal 11.10 p ■ "
I par* Day sad tip.
      Claised with tht bait
78c. up; weakly, 13 up.     686 SEYMOUR STREET tmnalanta
$400.00 in Cash
Given Away
1 Chaace far Every $5 Purchase
Made ia Either of Onr Stares
Blues never lose their favor,
no matter what other shades or
colors are In vogue.
Blues are just as popular as
they have ever been—and as
usual, we are showing the correct things in Blue Suits for
spring and summer.
Rich Blue Serges, In 2 and 3
Button styles.
Blue Worsteds, ln pin stripes
and novelty effects.
Blue Flannels, plain and with
•18 up.
At the public meeting of the Mount
Pleasant Suffrage league, held on Friday night in A.O.F. hall, Main street
and Tenth avenue, Alderman James,
of Ward V, gave a very Interesting ad-
dress on civic matters. Mr. James
not only endorsed the woman's movement, but said that In his experience
he believed that there were really
many public positions tbat women
should fill, ln fact, there were places
that men had no right to fill and tbat
women were gradually being added to
the list of civic employees. Aid.
James answered a great many questions, and has promised to speak
again for the league later In the year.
If the men and women were as interested as they should be ln civic matters, they would take greater advantage of hearing what public men have
to say.
Mrs. L. Parr gave an inspiring address on existing conditions.
Following the public meeting the
election of officers for the year was
held. Mr. Morton took the chair during the election, which resulted as
follows: President, Mrs. J. A. Clark
ire-elected); vice-president, Mrs. L.
Parr (re-elected); second vice-president, Mrs. H. Page; secretary, Miss
Arnett (re-elected); treasurer, Mrs. H.
Executive Committee — Mesdames
Darlington, Caulder, Ralph; Messrs.
Shrlmpton, Ashley, Newman. Woman's Counoll—Mrs. Roy Taylor, Mrs.
L. Parr, Mr. J./Pratt Parliamentary
Committee—Mrs. H. WllBon, MIsb Arnett.
The next meeting will be held in
the A.O.F, hall, on Friday, July 10th,
corner Main street and Tenth. The
public Is cordially Invited to attend
all meetings. Mr. Thomas will speak
on July 10th.
On Tuesday afternoon the regular
monthly meeting of the Central parliamentary committee met at 302 Empire
building. Matters of interested to the
five united leagues of Vancouver were
taken up and discussed.
Another menace, over which the women can only exert an indirect Influence, is the occupation of these shores
by hordes of dark-skinned immigrants
from the Far East. While statesmen
and politicians are holding mass meetings on this matter the women are
sitting at home crocheting, drinking a
social cup of tea, or probably discussing how wide the skirt will be by
On the other hand, an over-worked
mother may he putting in two or three
hours of extra work because of the
fact that she is not able to have help
on account ot the present civilization.
Therefore, a proper law to keep out
these people must be enacted and It
is to the women's interest as well as
the men's to partake In such legislation. The women have helped to pioneer the country, vast forests have
been cut down, stony land has been
brought under cultivation. They have
made for themselves a garden spot,
their little children are the flowers
growing up thereon. Are they going to
let the weeds grow up to choke out
the precious plants, or shall they be
wise husbandmen and weed the garden now? Let the women demand
more power that they may express
themselveB on. the economic system.
It Is to be hoped that the women
of .Vancouver will read what the women of other places are doing for the
cause of votes for women, then go and
do likewise. A great many people tell
us that they are ln sympathy with the
cause, but that really they can not
take an active part, apparently thinking that they must do some great deed
ln order to help. If each woman ln
Vancouver gave ten cents a year to
the cause we would have Sir Richard
pretty well worried. As lt is, the majority are interested and willing to
reap the benefits; and sitting back,
letting the few do tbe work and provide the funds. How many are willing to sacrifice a little? Let us hear
from you. Nevada suffragists recently observed a self-denial week for the
benefit of their campaign fund. One
young woman, an Invalid, sacrificed
her customary dish of fruit for breakfast that, she might contribute the
forty cents saved thereby to suffrage.
Another report comeB from an enthusiastic young wife who tells how her
husband voluntarily went without his
usual two cigars a day for the whole
week, and gave the money thus saved
"to. help the women."' Suffragists In
Montana have also shown themselves
capable of self-denial and many small
sums come to headquarters which
would otherwise have been spent In
Ice cream sodaB, ribbons and other
vanities. No matter how great their
Interest in suffrage', women never have
a large campaign fund. Every Ice
cream soda means five postage stamps,
and five postage stamps mean live possible votes won for suffrage ln November. It Is only women who are forced
to reason this way, but It is perfectly
good reasoning nevertheless.
Many people think that working
women have no time to vote, no time
to be educated for voting, because
woman's work is never done." I think
that Ib the reason so many earnest
women are Impatient to get the vote.
When women get the vote, and are
recognized as citizens, it will follow
as a master of course that they will
claim to' he given more leisure and
education. '
Women are often asked when they
get the vote will they be ready to go
to war? This question seems ridlcu
lous, although there are women who
are willing to do so. What women
ought to fuss about Is "the abolition
of war," and point out that war has
never been any good to the workers.
It never will and yet the workers
build the ships, make the guns, supply the soldiers, and often fall over
each other to go and shoot each other
down. Women's mission in life is, or
should be, to open the eyes of their
boys to the true meaning of war. Let
the halo of glory be taken away and
the false' Idea of patriotism be removed and teach them the truth.
Endorse Action of B. 0. Officials Preventing Hindoos
'Orientals Must Oo"
the Quicker the
Meeta ln annual convention ln January. Exeouttve oaken, 1114-11: Praaldant. A. Watohman; vlce-prealdenta, W.
F. Dunn, H. 3. MoEwen, Geo. Hardy, J.
W. Gray, H. Knudson, J. J. Taylor, B.
Slmmona. Secretary-trwaurar, A. 8.
Walla, Box 1538, Victoria. B. C.
Labor Counoll—Meeta every second
and fourth Wedneaday at I p. m. In Labor
Hall. Praaldant, D. 8. Cameron: financial
aeeretary, H. Olbb; (antral aeeretary, W.
B. Maiden. P. O. Box 114. Tht pubUe la
Invited .to attend.    	
PLUMBERS' AND STEAMFITTERS Local 411—Meets every second and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall,
7.80 p. m. Praaldant, D. Webstar: aeeretary, A. McLaren. P. 0. Box HI, New
Westmlnater, B. C.
, Labor Temple, New Waatmlnater,
corner Seventh atrat and Royal avanua,
every aacond Sunday of each month, at
1.S0 p. m. Praaldant, F. 8. Hunt; eecretary, F, W. Jameson. Vlalttni brothers
From the report on the civic finance   committee the tabulated   expenditures for the year total $605,-
The long-expected start on the proposed road around Kalen Island will
not commence till late in the fall and
then only continue for a few weeks
as It Is the Intention to discontinue
the work during the winter.
"That thla masting hen assembled do most heartily Indorse the
action of the officials of British
Columbia in preventing the landing of the Hindoos from the Komagata Maru, and   call   upon the
federal authorltiee at Ottawa to
Invoke the full power of the present etatute and if neoeesary enact
laws to effectually deal with the
total exclueisn   of  Asiatic Immigration Into this country."
There were few vacant seats In St.
Patrick's hall on Wednesday evening
at the mass meeting called by Mayor
Orey to consider and take such action
as might be deemed necessary to prevent, or at least voice the sentiments
of the citizens of this city, against the
landing of the Hindoos now on shipboard in Vancouver harbor.   It was
truly a representative gathering, and
while no particularly lurid speeches
were made, all. bespoke the earnestness of the men who were called upon
by Mayor Gray, who acted as chairman, ln dealing with the subject, and
the speakers   and   the   assemblage,
judging   from   the   applause   which
greeted the various speakers  when
some telling point was made, were
evidently of one mind on the subject
—that the Orientals and Asiatics must
go, and the quicker the better.
Mayor Oray opened the meeting
with the reading of a telegram to Sir
Robert Borden, the premier of Canada, and the Hon. Dr. Roche, minister
of the Interior, from the city council,
advising the exclusion of the Komagata Maru Hindoos from landing In
British Columbia and urging the government to see that all existing immigration regulations are strictly enforced, and to give the Immigration
officials in Vancouver every vestige
of power necessary to use.
The reply was that the representations would receive the most careful
The mayor also read a letter In the
London (England) Post, signed by
"Westerner," blaming the labor unions for creating an artificial wages
condition and stupid restriction of
The mayor repudiated the sentiments of "Westerner" as false and
defended the standard wages of $3 a
day for white unskilled labor. Referring to the apathy on this question In
the east he suggested sarcastically a
subscription to send a (ew carloads
of Hindoos to Ottawa to enlighten
them by an object lesson.
They Work for Ten Cents
Aid. Annandale, president of the
Conservative association, emphasized
the impossibility of Orientals and
white men assimilating and quoted a
letter from an old Langley man now
engaged ln tea planting in Ceylon,
whloh stated that the laborers there
got on nicely at 10 cents a day. If
there was not legislation on the statute book to keep them out it must
be added.
Mr. Lusby, president of the Liberal
association, agreed with tbe previous
speaker. They were of one mind on
this question. There must be some
great unseen organisation that fostered the bringing ln of those undesirable people.
D. S. Cameron, president of the
Trades and Labor council, said he waB
glad to see the business section was
beginning to see eye to eye with the
labor men on this question. What the
labor men had not been able to accomplish alone might be effected by combination and unity. The Hindoos were
British subjects by conquest, but that
was no reason why they should be allowed to take the white heritage.
Aid. Bryson agreed that small bust
ness men were beginning to see tho
danger more clearly. Ills own opinion was that there were largo Interests behind lt which caused the powers to hesitate ln action.
Large Employers Blamed
Aid. Dodd blamed the large employers of labor for bringing those people
ln here. He was willing to be courteous and say nice things to the
Hindoo as long aB they were—ln India. This was a political question
but not a party one. Let the people
take lt out of party Intrigue and demand the total exclusion of the
Aid. Goulet advocated, If necessary,
that a special meeting of the parliament at Ottawa be summoned and
pass any legislation required to stop
this Indiscriminate Importation of
Col. J. D. Taylor, M. P., made
lengthy speech of the earnestness and
unanimity of both the government
and opposition at Ottawa in their Intention to prohibit Oriental Immigration. Their flrst experience after the
present government had come ln was
that the courts ln British Columbia
held that their legislation and regulations were defective. The government amended the regulations. The
Hindoos found a way of avoiding
what had been looketi upon as the
strongest preventative measure—that
only Orientals embarking from their
respective countries could be admitted. They did so by chartering a ship.
The federal member reminded his
hearers that although conditions with
regard to the immigration laws might
be considerably bettered, they must
Council—Meata flrat and third Wedneaday, Labor Hall, 711 Johnston atreet,
at I p. m. Praaldant, Qeorge Dykeman;
lecretary, Thoa. F. Mathlson, box let,
Victoria, B.C.    .
Meets flnt and third Thui '
Executive board: W. E. Walker, pn
dent: 3. H. MoVety, viee-prealdent; "
Bartley, general aeeretary, 210
Temple; Mlae H. Outterldge,
MIsa P. Brisbane, atatlatloUpt; aergeaa
at-arma, John Sully; O. Curnock,
Knowles, W. R. Trotter/trustaee,
Dlrectora:    Fred A. Hoover, 4. I
McVety^ Jamea Brown,. Edward Lothlai
Jamee fcampbell, J. W. Wllklnaon, R. I
Pettlpleoe, John McMillan, Murdoch Ml
Kenale, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free. Maaiaf
,_    CIL—Meete Sad Monday In mont]
Traaldant, Oae. Mowat; aeeretary, V.
Flaming, P.O. Box IS,
CAL No. 41— MeeU aad
ond and fourth Satuij
days, 7.80 p.m. President
H. O. Leeworthy; oorreJ
ponding secretary, R. ,
Adame; bualneaa agent, ^
Black, Room 220, Land
BARBERS'   LOCAL   No.   120-MEETl
second  and .fourth   Thursdays.,   S.t\
p. m. Preeldent, J. W. Green; recorder,
E. Herrltt; secretary-business agent, u
F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor Tempi!
Hours: 11 to 1; t to 7 p. m. 1
Western Federation of Mfciers—Metti
Sunday evenings in Union Hall,   Presl*
dont Alex.  Wilson: aecreury-treaeurer,
M. P. Vlllentuve. Klmberley, B. C.
No. 1388, U. M. W. of A.-Meets Wednetday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. Preaident,
Sam Outhrle; aeeretary, Duncan McKensle, Ladysmlth, B. C.       .
A.-Meets erery Monday at f.10 p. m
In the Athletic Club, Chapel atreet,   Ar-
thur Jordan, Box 410, Nanalmo. B.C.
8119. U. M. W. of A.-Meets even
Sunday 7 p.m. In U. M. W. of A. hall.
Preildent, Joe. Naylor; -lecretary, James
Smith, Box 84, Cumberland, B. C.
Union, No. 101, W. P. of M.—Meet*
every Monday at 7.80 p.m. President,
F. W. Perrln; secretary, Prank Campbell, Box II, Trail, B. C.
Western Federation of Miners—Meets
every Saturday In the Miners' Union
hall. Address all communications to the
Secretary, Drawer "K.," Sandon, B.C.
Ask for Labor Temple 'Phone Exchange,
Seymour 7495 (unices otherwise stated),
Bart end era—Room 208: Oeo. W. Curnock.
~   C.  Federatlonist—Room 117;  R. P.
Bridge and Structural Iron Workers—W.
L, Yule, Room 101.
Brotherhood   of   Carpenters—Room   200;
Hugh McEwen.
Bricklayers—Room  111;  Wm. 6.  Dar
Barbers—Room   201;   C.   F.   Burkhart
phone Sey. 1778.
Hod Carriers, Builders and Common Laborers—Room 220; John Sully.
CookH, Walters, Waitresses—Room III;
W. E. Walker; Tel* Seymour 1414.
Electrical    Workers     (outside)—Room
207: W. F. Dunn.
Electrical   Workers   (Inside)—Room  MT;
F. L. Estlnghausen-
Englneera    (Steam)—Room    111;    Ed.
Labor  Temple  Co.—Room  111;  J.     H.
Longshoremen's    Association — Offlce,
14S Alexander street; H. Hannlng; tel.:
Seymour 8859.
Moving Picture Operators—O. R. Hamilton, Room 100, Loo Bldg.   Tel, Bey.
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, rooms 29-,..
Williams Building, 411 Granville Btreet.
Seymour 2580.
Plasterer*—Joe Hampton; Tel. Seymour 1614. "
Street Railway Employees—Fred. A.
Hoover; Seymour 508.
Trades and Labor Council—Room 110;
Oeo. Bartley.
Typographical—Rooms 111, 111, 214
R. H. Neelands.
fice, Room 208 Labor Temple. Mee
flrst Sunday of each month. Preslderi
V. F. Lavlgne; flnanclal secretary, Ge
W. Curnook, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Meets every* lot and "3rd Vuesda-
P.m.,  Room  807..   Preildent,   Jam**
8      ,   —
Haslett; corresponding secretary, W.
Dagnall, Box 68; financial secretary,
u^uIM., miA pa; nnancmj secretary, '.
R. Brown; business agent, W. S. Dai
nail. Room 215.
third   Tuesday   In
101—Meets .—- .-«u«7 m btn
month, In room 106, Labor Temple, Pres
dent, F. X Milne; vice-president, Wn
Bushman; secretary, Qeorge Mows
Hazel-wood hotel, 844 Hastings Steet E
secretary-treaaurer, H.' Perry, U30 Tent
Avenue East,	
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpei
of America, Vaneouvar Lodge No. lll-l
Meets flrst and third Mondays, I p,q
President, F. Barelay, 161 Cordova Baal
secretary, A. Fraser, 1181 Howe ■treet J
Union—Meets   flrst Friday  ln±
 —    — —.-     «■■»*    rrluaj     11
month, 6:80 p.m., Labor Temple, ...„
Walker, buslnes repreaentatlve. Osjed
Room SOI, Labor Temple. Houra: I a.aj
to 10.80; 1 p.m. to ISO and 8 p.m. to 1.1
p.m. Competent help furnlehed on i"
Phona gey. 1414.
notice. *
meets second'and fourth Thuraday
each month, 8 p. m. Secretary, J, Bl
con, 871 Hornby etreet; bualneaa ages
H. J. McEwen, room 209, Local 617 mee
flrat and third Monday of each mont
and Local 8647 meeta flrat and thl
Tueaday of each month.
lis—Meeta Room 801 every Mondi
I p. m. Preaident, Dave pink; vlce-prei
dant, M, Sander; recording aeeretai
Roy Elgar, Labor Temple; flnanolal ae
retary and bualneaa agent, W. P. Dun
Room 807, Labor Temple.	
181 (Inalda Menl-Meete flnt a
third Mondays of eaeh month. Room II
I p.m. Preaident, H. P. MeCoy; reeor
Ing aeeretary, Oeo. Albera: buelne
agent, F. L. Betlnghauaen, Room 807.
every Friday evening, 146 Alexandl
etreet, Preaident, 8. 3. Kelly; Seeretaf
H. Hannlng.
ond and fourth Prldaye, 8 p. ■
Praaldant, A. R. Towlar; recording aeerl
tary, 3. Brookes; flnanclal aeoretary, J. r
McVety. I
cal 288, I.A.T.8.E.—Meeta every u_
ond Sunday of each month, Labor Teil
pie, 8 p. m. Preaident, A. O. Hanaal
aeeretary-treaeurer, O. R. Hamilton; bus
neea agent, H. I. Hugg,   Offlee, Room ltt
Loo Bldg.   Tel. Sey. 6048,	
Union, Local No. 145, A, P. of HT
Meeta aecond Sunday of each monft
rooma 29-80, Williams Building, 413 Oral
villa atreet.    Preaident, 3. Bowyer; vlcff
Eresident,  F,  English;  aeeretary,  H, 1
iraaflald: treaeurer, W. Fowler.
remember that the laws had been con
slderably worse. There was a time,
not so very long ago, when the Immigration officials could not have held
up this shipload of Hindoos now lying
in Vancouver harbor. He recalled the
time when the Asiatics had been
pouring Into the province at the rate
of four and Ave thousand per month
and the Immigration officials had not
been allowed to stop them. These
laws had been brougbt down prior to
the last dominion elections and had
but recently been checked by an order-in-councll which excluded any and
all Immigrants of the artisan or laboring classes, skilled or unskilled, and
no one was now allowed to enter unless he had been In the country before and so had established residence.
Legislation of that sort, he declared,
showed that the federal authorities
were alive to the defects ln the immigration laws and there was no reason why this order-in-councll Bhould
not be renewed Indefinitely until fur-
then legislation effectively dealing
with the situation could be brought
The speaker ln conclusion said the
problem was a grave one and presented enourmous difficulties but he
thought the best and only solution
was that the government enact and
perfect their own statutes until the
purpose of exclusion bad been finally
accomplished, and he would do everything ln his power to further that
The resolution as above was offered
by Aid, Annandale, seconded by Robt.
Lee of the Stationary Engineers. The
chairman called for a rising vote, and
everyone ln the hall rose to their feet
and amid cheering and clapping of
hands the mayor declared the resolution adopted unanimously, and said lt
would be forwarded to Ottawa Immediately.
Meets flrst and third Wedneaday, O'BriaJ
Hall, 8 p.m. Preaident, Q. Dean; corrfl
ponding aeeretary, F. Sumpter; flnanol
aeeretary, D. Scott; treasurer, I. Tyatfl
bualneaa agent, Joe Hampton, rhme
Sey. 1614.
"I will buy for cash lots In South
Vancouver or Burnaby, must be snaps.
P. O. Box 86."
Decorators', Local 138—Meets ever
Thuraday, 7.30 p.m. Preeldent. H. Oral
flnanclal secretary, J. Freckleton, ll
Comox atreet; recording secretary, r
Dowding, 622 Howe street. BuslnL
agent, James Train, Room 303, La*|
vicinity. Branch meeta 1st and 3rd
days at Labor Temple, room 205. Rob.
C. Sampson. Pres., 747 Dunlevy Av
Jos. G. Lyon, flnanclal secretary, V
Grant Btreet; 3. Campbell, seoordlng bi
retary. 4869 Argyle atreet.	
Branch—Meete aecond   Tueaday, II
{I. m.   Preaident, J. Marshall; correspr-"
ng aeeretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
anclal aeeretary, K. McKensle.
era' Unton, No. 88. of Vanoouver al
Victoria—Meeta eecond Wedneaday m
each month, 4 p. m„ Labor Temple. Pre!
dent. Chaa. Bayley; recording secrets!
A. Birnle, co. "Newa Advertiser."
Employeea, Pioneer Division No, f
—Meeta Labor Temple, aecond foufl
Wednesdaya at I p.m., and flrst ai
third Wedneadaya, I p. m. Preside!
Adam Taylor; recording aeoretary. Alba]
V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street; flnanol
secretary, Fred, A. Hoover, 2409 Cla|
al Local 117—Meets every Wednesdl
I p. m„ room 204, Labor Temple. Final
olal secretary, B. Prendergaat, room 81|
ternatlonal), Local No. 178—Maetlrfi
held flrat Tueaday In eaeh month, 8 p. r
Preaident, H. Nordlund; recording seetfj
tary, C. MoDonald, Box 503; flnancf
aeeretary, L. Wahley, P. O. Box 608.
Local No. 118—Meata aecond Bund!
of eaeh month at Room 294, Labor Tail
pie. Preaident, H. Spears; recording (.,
retary, Geo. W. Allln, P.O. Box 711, Vaj
"I have 1600, to loan on flrat mortgage.     P. O. Box 860."
Electrical Workers' Loesl, No. 568
At the meeting of Local No. 668, International Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers, the following officers were
elected for the ensuing term: President, W. Esklns; vice-president, Thos.
Kelly; recording secretary, J. B. Mcintosh; first Inspector, W. K. Tucker;
seoond inspector, W, Acklnback; foreman, H. W. Palmer; trustees for 18
months: R. C. Harker; 12 months,
Martin Pratt; Delegates to Trades
and Labor council, Wm. Esklns and
Thos. Kelly. Vice-president Morgan,
of the Pacific District Council-, with
headquarters tn San Francisco, was
in the city on Friday on business connected with the organization. After
spending the day with the looal members left in the evening for Vancouver. Mr. Morgan will spend several
days visiting the various locals
throughout the province,
Meeta laat Sunday eaeh month.f
p.m. Preaident, R. P. Pettlpleoe; vnl
preaident, W. 8. Metagar, aeoretaa
treasurer, R. H. Neelanda, P. O. Boxp
Socialist propaganda paper In
Canada. Price 60 , cents per
year; In clubs ot (our, 26 cents
for 40 weeks.
Address, COWAN8VILLH, P.O..
Coal mining rlghta of tha Domlnd
In Manitoba, Saakatohewan and Albel
the Yukon Territory, the Northwest *fl
rltorlee and In a portion of the Provll
of British Columbia, may be leaaed 1
a term ef twenty-one yean at an anttL
rental of 11 an aore. Not mon tA
1,860 acres will ba leaaed ta one ap|
Applications for leaae muat be made
the applicant In peraon to the Agent
Sub-Agent of the dlatrlct ln whloh
rlghta applied for are altuated.
In surveyed territory the land mual
deacrlbed by sections, or legal aubdl
Ions of sections, and In unsurveyed
rltory   tbe tract   applied   tor ahall
ataked by the applicant hlmseir.
Bach application muat be accompal
by a fee of 16, which will be refunde
the rlghta applied for are not avails
but not otherwise. A royalty shall
paid on the merchantable output of _
mine at the rate of Ave cents per tor  I
The person operating the mine i
furnish the Agent with sworn rett _
accounting for the full quantity of i I
ohantable coal mined and pay the ro
ty thereon. If the coal mfnlr • rli
are not being operated, such ret]
ahould be furnished at least once a jf
The lease will Include the coal mil
rights only, but the lessee may be..
mltted to purchase whatever avail
surface rights may be considered neL
aary for the werklng of the mine at]
rate of 810 an acre. |
For full Information application anl
be made to the Secretary of the Del
ment of the Interior, Ottawa, or tol
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion 1
Deputy Minister of the Intl
N. B.—Unauthorised publication offl
advertlaement will not be paid for—r_ ^^ff^^^B
SIXTH YEAE.   No. 169.
/In Vancouver \
V City. 82.14   )
$1.50 PER YEAS.
Our July Clearance
_   8:30 A.M.
tTheBudson'sBagCompany. ffi
\a_mamm_   ■«'*      maam t unafff* t'etts aanmtataau \ ^**\j,
Harmonious Gathering and
Much Important Busi- ..
ness Transacted
Vancouver Heights Grocery
Best of everything at lowest prices.
Groceries, Hams, Bacon, Garden Seeds, Fresh Fruit and Vegetables, Tea Rose Tea, Reld & Millar's Sausages and Head Cheese.
Every morning we receive a shipment   of   berries   trom  McDonald's Ranch on Keats Island.   They are delicious.
'      Telephone your orders.   Our delight Ib to serve you.
McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Limited
80 Pender Street, E.
Phone Seymour 5408
At Reduced Rates
$15.00 Suits and Raincoats for $7.50
We are doing more business this year than we did last by double.
We are not appealing to anybody to help us out of the hole. We
are not In the hole. We Invite comparison with any olothing sold ln
any store at 115.00. We save you (7.60 on a suit or raincoat. Reason
—Out ot the High Rent District.   Get wise; come and see.
We manufacture every kind of
Work shoe, and specialize in lines
'or minen, railroad construction,
logging, etc.
Campbell (Vancouver) E
ected Vice-president-
Delegate Withers
Shingle Manufacturers Declare a Reduction of
Wages on July 1st
The Men Will Fight AU
Reductions  Below
Union Scale
Delegate H. W. Withers, of C.P.R.
district, No. 1, has just returned to
Vancouver after attending the recent
Detroit convention of the Commercial
Telegraphers' Union ot America, This
was the seventh regular and fifth biennial convention and the largest held
since 1907. Canada Bent four delegates, namely, Messrs. Fred. Fix
(Winnipeg), G. B. Merry and W. S.
Chapman (both of Montreal) and H.
W. Withers (Vancouver).
Officers Elected
International president—S. J. Kon-
enkamp, (Chicago); international
vice-president — Jamea F. Campbell
(Vancouver); International secretary-
treasurer—Wesley Russell (Chicago).
General executive board—C. B. Hill
(Toronto), D. K. Stevenson (Pittsburg), Jos. F. Million (New York), C.
H. McBlreath (Detroit), C. H. Ludwlg,
(Philadelphia). Delegate to the A. F.
of L.—Chas. E. Hill.
It will be noticed that Vancouver
Is honored wltb.the vice-presidency.
Mr. Campbell, tbe bew Incumbent, has
had wide experience as a telegrapher,
and Is one of the best and most favorably known union men in the craft.
He is about 40 years of age, a native
of Ontario, resident here for about
five years, and prominent in masonic
circles, Mr. Campbell Is particularly
well qualified to fill this position and
enjoys the full confidence of his fellow-workers. His headquarters will
be ln Vancouver.
Discuss Tactics
The main question confronting the
delegates to this convention was not
to change laws; not to broaden the
scope ot the union, but to discuss
tactics and to help formulate a policy
that will ultimately compel the telegraph corporations to cease Intimidating and coercing tbe members of
the craft. With the Western Union
and Postal Telegraph companies, employing nearly 90 per cent, of the
men, opposing In every manner possible the efforts of the telegraphers
to exercise their constitutional rights
of free speech and free assemblage,
the conditions surrounding their becoming organized, these companies
became the chief topic. The Detroit
session was more of a conference
than a legislative gathering and two
days and a half of the four (June
811) were devoted to Informal discussion of the best tactics for the
organization to pursue.
President Perham of the Order of
Railroad Telegraphers, waB an active
participant ln tbe discussions which
took a wide range, embodying the best
methods of organizing, local and general strikes; ln fact, every phase of
union work was considered thoroughly
and the conclusions arrived at seemed
to be the most suitable to meet the
situation. Delegate Withers (Vancouver), who was chairman of the
credentials committee, states that the
convention was a most harmonious
one. The union as a whole has increased very materially, during the
past two years, and this, too, ln spite
of the dlsplcable tactics carried on by
the Western Union, with Its army ot
hired spotters. Men were discharged
if tbey were seen talking to a union
suspect. The only way to get over
Buch contemptible treatment Is for the
people to operate a third telegraph
concern, and in this regard the delegates held similar views to the
Oovernment Telegraph
President S. J. Konenkamp said
that the government ownership ot the
telegraphs and telephones wtll be an
accomplished fact before the end of
1915, according to those who are pro-
I. W, W. Had Movement on
Foot to Secure Control
Head of the Federation Declares Assessment Was
Not High
'J. G. Brown, of Seattle, Wn„ president of. the International Union of
Timber Workers, says: We are told
that shingle and other manufacturers
will make a general cut ln wages on
July 1st Chas. B. Patten, B. B. Case
and S. A. Mumby were the men who
composed the committee that made
the alleged Investigations and recommended a reduction ln wages. I am
reliably Informed that these men and
Mr. Lewis dominated the meeting,
There were considerable less than a
hundred present and most of those
who did attend were those having
offices ln the White and Henry buildings, in the latter of which the meeting was held. Some of these attended out ot sympathy with' the move
ment. More attended out of curiosity.
Mr. Lewis did not say anything about
the cheaper labor in British Columbia.
What He Said:
"The time has come to cut loose from
the Shingle Weavers' Union." And
again he said: "Now Is the best time.
we will ever have to cut loose from
the unions and show the labor agitators and demagogues that the state
of Washington Is no place for them."
They don't want their men.to organize. It is all right for them to organize and combine their capital, but
the worker's must stand as Individuals
against that combination. If logs advance In price the worekrs must make
up the loss to their employers out of
their wages. If shingles go down In
price, so must wages. If the railroads raise the rates, wages must, be
cut to make up the difference., if a
Chinaman works cheap, the white
man should be ready to accept less
and compete with the Chink.
It Won't Work
Fine philosophy, but lt won't work!
We purpose to organize, we propose to
associate ourselves together for the
promotion of our mutual Interests, we
refuse to be held responsible for-the
high price of logs or the low price of
shingles, we decline to do an American standard of work for a Chinese
standard of pay.
Mr. Mumby, one of the signers of
the committee's report, told me ln our
office that tn his opinion the tariff
amounted to nothing, and that he
would not turn his hand over to have
it kept on. Mr. Case declared in an
address to his men about tbe flrst of
March that he was not going to cut
the wages in his mills but that he was
going to operate on the. "open shop"
plan; was going to pay his'men on
the basis "of efficiency only." How
has he lived up to these declarations?
By Joining the first clique for a wage
Will Strike at Every Cut
In every mill where the wages are
cut there will be an Immediate strike.
Our members should not even discuss
a cut ln wages It Is a matter that we
will not compromise or modify In the
slightest degree. The shingle Weavers have not had a reduction In wages
since 1893, and the two years tol
lowing. They learned their lesson
then. They have no hankering to see
the cost of living going up and their
wages down. The manufacturers who
are bent on forcing a fight at this
time without cause or provocation,
may do so. They will find the shingle
weavers ready as they always are.
They will learn after It Is over that
they have undertaken a man's Job,
and when the smoke of battle is over
they will. find the shingle weavers
still there—with their wage scale the
same as It Is now, Again, let it be
understood—we light all reductions
ln wages below the union scale.
Charles H. Moyer, president of the
Western Federation of Miners; says:
"I believe that the original purpose
of the miners In Butte, who have taken part ln the deplorable demonstration, was to protest against what they
bellve to be mismanagement of the
business of tbelr local There has
been a movement on toot for a number of years to secure control of the
federation by the I. W. W., or falling
ln that, to destroy lt. Men, representing that organization, have taken advantage of this protest and turned It
Into a movement to destroy unionism
in Butte and to weaken our federation. No greater crime against the
working class has ever been committed, as Butte wub the best organized
and enjoyed the best conditions of
labor of any place on this continent
The members of the Butte union have
no ground for complaint, because of
excessive assessments by the federation. The assessment for the Michigan strikers was only $2 a month and
applied to all members alike. The
difference between this 82 and the
$3.50 which they have paid was voluntary. They have flled no grievance with the officers of the federation. The union has a contract with
the mining companies giving a preference to federation men."
Refine 4 Service
One Block weat of Court House,
Use  of Modern  Chapel  and
Funeral  Parlors  free   to all
Vaneouvar—Offloa   and   Chapel,
1884 Granville St., Phona Say. 8488..
North Vaneouvar — Offlee and
ehapel, 118 Seoond St. B. Phona
Whola Whaat Braad
Cholea Family Braad
Wadding and Birthday Cakas,
Wa Use Halm float.
Hot Drlnka and Lunohaa
All Ooods Freah Dally.
Must Pay $340,000 in Insurance
' A Hlllcrest, Alberta, dispatch states
that the Hlllcrest Collieries, limited,
will have to pay 11,800 to the families
of each ot the 181 miners who were
killed ln the recent explosion, a total
of $340,200. They are compelled to
do this under an Insurance clause of
the workmen's compensation act. The
miners were insured by the company,
at no expense to themselves, as the
act calls for. While this will naturally
be a heavy drain on the finances of
the company, lt will not retard It In
Its development work. The company
has strong flnanclal backing.
Plea for Seaman
The most abused and least protected class of men today are the ordinary seamen. Their calling Is especially dangerous; the tenure of employment precarious and the remuneration usually Inadequate, says an exchange. Those who by circumstances, conditions or training are not
able to properly guard and maintain
their rights most strongly appeal to
the thoughtful and considerate to
champion their oause The grip of
the selfish and ruthless upon them
must be torn oft, like the shakles
from slaves. Tasks necessary, though
from their nature repelling, should
command all the ameliorating conditions possible, and commensurate
compensation. The hands of those
working tor the uplifting of the downtrodden and the betterment of the
condition of the men employed In the
doing of the disagreeable and dangerous tasks of life should be upheld.
Tailors' Picnic
The Tailors' union will hold Its annual picnic at Bowen Island on July
21st. Among the committee are noted
C. McDonald, Frank Dolk, Mrs, Dolk,
Miss H. Outterldge, Mr. Beamish and
Cal. fay. TIM.
moting such'legislation at Washington; The exhaustive reports submitted by Postmaster General Burleson
and Congressman David Lewis, dealing with this subject, have created a
widespread Interest in the proposition. There Is a well defined sentiment throughout the country ln favor
of suoh a measure and the success of
the parcels post has brought the telegraphs and telephones nearer to
where they rightfully belong, 1. e„ under the control of the post office de
partment. It Is not proposed to take
over the lines of the Western Union
and Postal, but to purchase the long
distance telephone wires for use as
composite telephone and telegraph
circuits. In this manner the government will furnish the Independent
telephone companies relief from the
oppressive tactics of the Bell Telephone company ln long distance competition, and at the same time use
these wires to compete with the Western Union and' Postal for telegraph
business, just as the parcels post competes with the express companies.
Oovernment ownership of the tele-
grabs without a strong labor union to
represent the telegraphers is not a
very pleasing prospect, although conditions could be no worse under the
government than they are now, hence
any change must be for the better.
However, If the telegraphers of the
country should permit themselves to
be drafted Into the government service upon nonunion conditions, then
the struggle to change those conditions will be far more laborious than
It would be If we go Into the postal
offlce department under such conditions as only a labor union can obtain
and preserve. This Bhould not be
lost sight of for one moment.
"HereisYourAnswerfin j
_    WEBSTElfc      I
New International
Even as tou rend thin publication tou
likely question tbe niuunlne of Hume _
new word. AfriendaBka:"Whutnif.koB
mortar harden?" Youscek tho locution
of Loch Katrineot\\\o pvc.1Uiici-.M0n of
juhttaa. XVhat It. while coal? ThlaKEW
CREATION answer-soilJdndaof quel- i
tionsin Lannutvte, Ilintory-IiioKruphy,
notion, Foreign Words, Trades, Arts
and Sciences, with final authority.
400,000 Words and Fhruei Defined.
6000 Illustrations.
Coat (400,000.
2700 Pages.
Tha only dictionary with
the now divided pa§at-
charoctcrlzed aa "A    M
Stroke of Genius."'
Writ* fttr ■pooira-s
Illustration.-, eto.
Berry Bros.
Ageati (oi
Tk* Blcycl. with ths Reputation
Full   Una  of  accessories
Repairs promptly snouted
Phone Highland 895
The housewife who has to depend on the ordinary coal or wood stove for cooking look* forward
to hot weather with** little pleasure. These small
handy oil stoveB are the solution of the problem of
how to maintain a cool house and do the cooking
without discomfort. The running cost of an oil
stove is only slightly greater than coal and wood
burning stoves, and the ease with which the oil atove
is controlled ia a decidedly economical factor.
We have the best variety of oil atoves in the
vicinity, and many are inexpensive—
One-burner Oil Stove	
Two-burner Oil Stove...
Three-burner Oil Stove	
Four-burner, double stove.	
/ .
One burner. ! .7. ,......,
Two burner .
Three burner.
...... .75
... 1.10
-.. 1.SS
..... 2.28
...» 4,00
... 10.00
... 1100
OVENS for using on these Stoves-
Single oven 	
With glass door-
Double oven._ .
With glass door...
Single burner   	
Two burner	
Three burher.
SHEET IRON STOVES—Two holes, 82.00; four holes..«3.75
David Spencer Limited
What Everybody Should Know
MEN'8 NEW NOBBY SUITS can be bought at BRUMMITT'S from
110,00 up to 830.00 And they srs worth more
HATS, hearing the union label, at 82.00, 82.80, 83.00.
SHOES, all makes and prices, bearing the label, at "live and let live
prices, 82.00 up to 86.00
CHIPPEWA SHOES at 87.00, 88.00 and $1040
18-20   CORDOVA  ST. W.
Mow! Pleasant headquartera (or Caqxatcrs' Tools aid all
kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Paoao Fair. 447. 23)7 Mail Street
Tool Specialist
Hardware aid
Sporting Coeds
602 Heatings Street Weit
Operates by the latest, most scieatiic and painless methods
Specialist ia Crown, Bridge. Plate and Cold Inlay Work
HOURS 10 A. M. TO 4 P. M.
75 Per Cent, of your Summer Cooking can
• be done with Electric Household Appliances just as well as with a kitchen range
and with much greater comfort and convenience.
Kloctrlo Household Appliances are ready (or operation, day or night,
on an Instant's attention to eonneetlng the cord with the household
They can do everything In the line ot light cooking, preparing tea or
coffee, making toast, preparing eggs, frying chops, eto. You don't
want heavy meals during the hot weather and the appliances Just
meet this demand and make tt unnecessary to have a hot Ore going.
Electric Household Appliances cost only a few cents per hour ot continuous operation. To prepare an ordinary meal takes but a (notion
of an hour,   They are guaranteed by the manufacturers.
tt_UL   B.C. ELECTRIC   "*&&*. PAGE FOUR
FRIDAY JULY 3, 1914.
Capital and Reaerve,  ..' 88,700,000
88 branchea In Canada
A general baaklni bualneaa trane-
aotad. --
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
East End Branch
A. W. Jarvls, Manager
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital
Total Assets • •
. 8 11,800,00
One Dollar will open
ths account, and your
business will bs wai-
come be It large or
Capital and Reaerve 811,178,878
keep your savings In ths Bank
of Toronto, and watch your deposits and Interest addsd by the
bank grow to a most desirable
bank balance. The flnanclal
strength of this long-ostsb-
llshad, well-conducted Institution ensursa aafaty for your
money, and you will recslve
every courtesy, and your account careful attention.
Assets ..
Main Office—
(Near Rlehards)
Cor. Haatinga and Carrall Sts.
,   Nsw Westminster
Eatabllahed ln 1888.   Incorporate!
bv Royal Charter In 1840.
Pall-up Capital     -     KJJM.MMI
Raaarve Fund     -     -    8,011,880.00
Head Offlce In Canada:
H,». MACKENZIE ■ Caaral Maaaeer
Bpaolal attention given to Bavinsa
Accounts on which lntereat la allowed from date of deposit
Open a Savlnge Account and add
to It every pay day.
Drafts and Money Orders sold
W. Godfrey, Manager.
J. R. Chapman, Manager.
D. Nell, Manager.
Traders Trust
VANCOUVER      •      .      1.0.
Four per cent Interest
allowed on all deposit*
in car savings department, subject to cheque.
Agreements For Sale purchased
Ssfe Depeelt Vaults
82.80 a year
Guaranteed Investment ef Punde
for Clients
Published every Friday morning  by the
B. C. Federations,  Ltd.
R. Parm. Pettipiece   -
J. W. Wilkinson
George Bartley    -     - '
Managing Editor
Associate Editor
News Editor
Jas. Campbell, president; J. H. McVety, secretary-
treasurer; H. Glbb; G. J. Kelly
and R. P. Pettipiece
Office; Room 217, Labor Temple.
Tal. Exchange Say. 7495.
- M. C. Shrader
Advertising Manager
81.GO per year; ln Vancouver city, 82.00; to unions
subscribing In a body, fl.00
New Westminster -     -     -     -     H. Glbb, Box 934
Prince Rupert     -     -     - W. E. Donning, Box E31
Victoria A. S. Wells, Box 1538
Afflliated   with Western Labor Preaa Aasoclation
"Unity of Labor; the Hope of the World."
B. C.   Federation  of   Labor  has  been
officially  called to  meet  in  Vancouver
Labor Temple, Monday, July   13th.     The
executive of the Federation, in deciding upon
this step, are doubtless con-
»^iii«Aii    vinced from their knowledge
FEDERATION       t ., ■«       ,        -.    ..
..iii«u«..,    •>> U"e working class situation
JULY 13th thr0Ugh°Ut  ,|W  Pr°VinCe'   *hat
JULY 13th mcyl unusual action j8 neces
sary. They would not come
to such a decision lightly, without thorough and
mature consideration. The trouble and expense of calling delegates together from all
parts of the province, is no unimportant side of
such a gathering. And it may be taken for
granted that the executive, in making their decision, are fully satisfied that the serious nature
of the questions to be discussed, warrants them
talcing the action they have done. The situation of the island miners, now that they have
decided to continue the strike, is undoubtedly
the primary reason for calling the convention.
And it will be a good thing for the entire
labor movement of the province to come into
personal contact with the miners, and hear at
first hand from them exactly what their position and intentions are, and how far, and in
what way, they feel the movement in general
can assist them. They know from their experience during the last two years, that any help
which lies within the practical power and possibility of the movement, will be willingly given.
* *      »     *
In addition to the miners particular difficulty,
there are other matters of grave moment to be
considered. The callous and systematic manner in which the reasonable demands of organized labor have been ignored by the present
provincial government, is one. Thousands of
dollars have been spent by the labor movement
in this province during the last five years for
the purpose of trying to improve the conditions
of the workers. Hundreds of the more active
minds have given their best reasoning and intelligence for the same object But all that has
been secured for all this time, brains, and
money expended, is the smooth humbug of
McBride in reply to the labor deputations
which have appeared before the government.
In fact, the annual pilgrimage of the pleading
proletariat has now become one of the hardy
annual jokes around the parliament house at
Victoria. Not Only has new legislation been
refused, but laws already in existence for the
supposed purpose of giving some measure of
protection to the workers, have not been applied.
Such use as they might have been, has become
atrophied by the deliberate refusal of McBride
to enforce them. Lying newspapers, subsidized
by government doles in the way of lavish orders
for printing, and advertising, may protest to the
contrary, but we say again, as we have done
many times before, that if the Coal Mines Regulation act of British Columbia had been enforced by Premier McBride, as minister of
mines, the strike on Vancouver island would
never have started, much less have attained the
proportions which it has done.
* *     «     *
In addition to these things is the chronic unemployment which is rife from one end of the
province to the other. There have been other
periods of depression in times gone by, but there
has never before been one so extensive and so
entirely devoid of promise of improvement for
years to come, as the present one. Men,
women and children are even now, in the
middle of the summer, absolutely destitute, and
actually wanting bread. What it will be like
in the coming winter, God only knows—but
the executive of the Federation do not want to
leave it to him. For that reason also, they
feel the need of the workers' gathering together
to take council concerning their plight. They
have acted wisely in throwing the convention
open to all labor organizations, irrespective of
whether they are affiliated with the Federation
or not. During these hard times several unions
have a great demand upon their finances to relieve the want and distress of members, and are
not able to pay their per capita tax to the Federation. The decision of the executive will remove that obstacle, and thus tend lo secure a
much larger and more representative convention
than would otherwise have been held. So, bearing in mind the effort which the Federation is
making to devise some practical solution for the
problem which is facing the movement, it is the
duly of the unions to make every endeavor in
their power to back up the Federation in thia
crisis. There is no way out of the situation
except to face it. To allow mailers to drift, is
only to invite disintegration and disaster, which
would have to be follewed by building up all
all over again, with the galling memory of previous failure in mind.
WHEN  MOSES CAME  down  from
Sinai with the commandments of Jehovah to Israel, many people are convinced that he also brought with him the British
Constitution and the laws by which it is administered.    And that from that
day to this, for all time and
GENTLEMEN,    evermore, British   law   is   a
THE LAW fixed and stable quantity as
inviolable as the law of gravity itself. They speak of
Law with a slavish fatalism, as though it were
something infallible, something above and beyond all possibility of being influenced by the
sentiments of the people who are called upon to
bow to its edicts and mandates. A typical example of the mental stagnation which is responsible for that view of the Law, is to be seen in
a recent editorial in the Daily Province. It is
called forth by the statement made by Mr.
H. H. Stevens, M.P., at the recent public
meeting called to protest against the admission
of more Hindoos into British Columbia. He is
reported as having said:
"We have on the bench of British Columbia men who are willing and ready to
give a decision opposed to the sentiment of
the people. They say to us, why don't
you take this case to the courts? I say
that we are willing to take the case to the
courts if we can find a fair court to go to."
Whereat the editorial capacity of the Province
bursts forth in horrified protest, that anyone
should have the audacity to publicly suggest
that the Law is handled very much according
to the passing expediency, and the class bias
and prejudice of those in whom its administration is vested.
* * »
The question has a much wider bearing than
the merely local heresy of Mr. Stevens would
give to it. There was a time, even within
recent memory, when the bulk of the ordinary
and common people believed that the Law was
something which had been divinely ordained
for the just and impartial regulation of human
affairs. And in this respect the attitude of the
Medes and Persians towards the "Law, which
changeth not," was as nothing compared to the
blind resignation with which the Law and all
its works were accepted by the vast mass of the
British working class. But events have moved
apace of late years, and the masses have not the
same reverent regard for the Law which they
used to have. The ruling class, realizing that
the efforts of the workers to alleviate their condition by legal and constitutional methods would
eventually mean a loss of economic and political power to their masters, have themselves set
about to strip the hypocrisy and sham from the
Law. Agitators and reformers, for generations
have been telling the workers that this thing,
Law, to which they have rendered such'patient
and costly homage, was nothing more than an
elaborate system of legal fortifications erected
by the rich around their class interests, by virtue
of the political power which they held through
the ignorance of the workers. But to the
workers, that evidence was only subjective. It
required intelligence and imagination to see the
fraud, and to realize that if they were so
minded they could abolish the iniquity. What
they wanted was objective and material proof
that the rich made the Law for themselves, and
if economic necessity made it desirable, they
would just as readily unmake the Law, or
nullify and set it at defiance, to maintain themselves in possession of their class privileges. This
proof has, of late, been furnished in ample
quantity, and such definite fashion, that none
but a fool can understand and "he who runs
may read."
* «     *     *
Sir Edward Carson is an aristocrat, and a
typical unit of the ruling class nucleus which
controls the administrative and executive power
of the state in Great Britain. His knowledge
of Law is so extensive that he is a King's
Counsel, the highest eminence to which a lawyer in private practice can rise. He has been
Solicitor-General in the British government, and
is a member of the Privy Council, the last but
one court lo which citizens can appeal for civic
justice—if they are rich enough to pay for it.
Carson's knowledge of Law is beyond question,
and perhaps it is that fact which has given him
such a contempt for Law and law-makers as
they are to-day, that he has made, preparation
to resist its threat to interfere with the economic
interests of him and his class by armed force.
The Province says with regard to the Law and
the courts: i
"If the decisions are not favorable to
those appearing before them the litigants
can appeal through the courts to the Privy
Carson, as an eminent legal authority and a
member of the Privy Council, is to-day teaching the workers by an object lesson what his
real opinion of the Law is, now that he is driven
to the last ditch to defend his class interests.
He has raised a force of thousands of armed
men, for the avowed purpose of preventing the
making of Law by constitutional methods. If
that fails, he is prepared to make civil war
against the Law. But the Law is not being
used to restrain him in his intentions. Supposing that parliament was making a law to punish
workmen who go on strike. And supposing the
trade unions equipped their membership with
guns and ammunition, and drilled in military
fashion to prevent by force the application of
such a law. What would the ruling class call
such action? Would they not howl that it
was sedition, and a crime against the state, that
must be suppressed at all cost by the armed
force of the Law in the shape of police and
* *      *      ¥
The case of Carson proves conclusively that
this thing, Law, is no fixed and infallible quantity. But is a very pliable and elastic weapon,
to be stretched to the utmost to reach every
effort of the workers to improve their lot, and
not lo be used against the rich as a class when
fighting lo maintain their monopolies. While
Carson was organizing armed revolt in Ulster,
Jim Larkin was fighting every devil of disease
and degradation that Dublin held, to get a little
more bread, and air, and sunlight into the lives
of the poorest of the poor. To squash his
power the Law sent him to Mountjoy jail, but
it has never made any effort to squash Carson
whose intention is not to preserve life, but to
destroy it. Then, by way of showing the far-
cial side of the Law still more, the Liberal
government let Larkin out of jail long before
he had served his sentence, because the flagrant
class bias of the Law was so apparent in the
case that the Liberals lost the Reading election
as the result of the willing tyranny they displayed on behalf of one of the most ruthless
gangs of corrupt capitalists in the British Isles.
Thus they proved that political expediency,
contemptible as it might be, is of greater importance than this sacred fetish Law, for which
they would have the workers hold such a precious regard. Tom Mann's case in the "Don't
Shoot" prosecution was similar. Public sentiment revolted at the manifest exhibition of class
bias on the part of the magistrate, and the Law
was set aside.
* *     *     *
These cases prove conclusively that if there
were no such thing as "public sentiment"—the
only effective part of which is the threat of
working class revolt—there would be no protection from the tyranny of the Law as manipu
lated by the ruling class. Magistrates judges,
and lawyers do not belong to the working class,
either by mental sympathy or economic interest.
They come from the capitalist ranks and are
part and parcel of its machinery for exploiting
the workers. AH their training, outlook, and
environment, are far removed from the daily life
and lot of the workers, and the nearest they
ever get to them is the distance between dock
and bench. This general truth of them as a
class, applies just as. much in British Columbia
as elsewhere. In fact, if anything, owing to
the crudeness and immaturity of the communal
life of the country, the farce of Law is more
glaring. Well might Sir William Blackstone, the
great English commentator on Law, say that it
were perhaps better to obey the Law, than to inquire too curiously into the reasons which lie at
the back of most of it. And when all is said,
contempt for the law has throughout history been
the starting point of every movement which has
ever contributed anything to human progress.
The contemporaries of rebels hang them. The
successors of the contemporaries are usually the
leaders in the movement which evenl
onizes the rebels.
meet with the approval of some-of the international officers of the organized labor
movement of this continent.    They make statements, and issue solemn warnings from time to
time, against what they call
"this proven fallacy."   It is
a matter of doubt at times to
. decide whether they are really
INEVITABLE       uninformed 0I) fot ,UDject# or
whether they are desirous of
maintaining the purely single craft character of
their organizations, for the sake of some motive
which does not occupy a visible place in their
arguments. Another of their number has just
given full-throated vent to a tirade against industrial unionism. We once heard one of them
say that the American Federation of Labor
was founded on the ruins of industrial unionism. If he had said that' the strongest and
most effective unions in that body to-day are
those founded on the principle of industrial unionism, he would have been nearer the truth.
To say that the A. F. of L. was founded on
the ruins of industrial unionism, and that that
form of organization has been tried long ago,
and failed, is either deliberately misrepresenting
facts, or not *properly understanding them. The
Knights of Labor, which preceded the A. F. cf
Ii, was not based on the principles of industrial
unionism as it is understood to-day. Neither
did it fail because of its industrial character,
but rather as the result of corrupt politics and
religious influence.
In England, as far back as 1834, the workers were organized on much the same plan as
the K. of L. They were beginning to raise
their heads after the repeal of the combination
laws in 1824, and the period of general unemployment which followed. The workers had
the idea of "one big union," and formed the
National Association for the protection of
Labor, which eventually gave place, in 1834, to
the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union, formed by Robert Owen. He was a very
advanced economic thinker of his day—and incidentally the owner of successful cotton mills
at Chorlton. Unions and lodges of all kinds
of workers from agricultural laborers to women
bonnet makers, were a part of that organization,
which attained a membership of 500,000, a
phenomenal number, for such a body, in those
days. But it was too loosely put together, and
its organization was too defective -for permanency. The workers flocked into it from sentiment, and as a reflex of the terrible repressions under which they had suffered previous to
the repeal of the laws prohibiting unions. But
it was not an industrial union. The time was
not ripe for the appearance of such an organization. That is one outstanding feature of
labor unionism—it does not anticipate the
necessity for itself. A minority of keener students and thinkers within the ranks may see the
need of changing the form of labor organization, as the result of their deeper study of the
economic phenomena of their time. But the
great bulk of the membership do not grasp
those facts until the shortcomings and imperfections of a simpler form of organization have
brought failure, with material loss which breeds
new thoughts and convictions.
*     *      »      ¥
So it is to-day. Industry and general commercial practice have evolved out of all recognition from the conditions of 70 years ago.
Then-a-day, industry was almost entirely carried on by hand labor. Machinery was scarce.
The application of steam and mechanical power
to industry was in its infancy. Men had to
serve long apprenticeships to learn their trade.
They performed all the processes of production
with the skill which their hands and brains had
acquired during their training. Just as labor
was on a more individualist basis, so was capital. Small employers were the rule. Limited
liability companies were very few, and large
corporations, like the big trusts and aggregations of capital to-day, were unknown. Men
worked at one trade all their lives, and their
ability to do so could not be easily infringed
upon, owing to the period of training necessary
to the acquisition of the requisite skill. That
fact itself militated against industrial unionism,
apart altogether from other reasons. Men had
a kind of trade pride or jealousy, which made
them clannish and snobbish, to the point where
a worker of high skill considered himself superior as a man and a tradesman tb one of lower
skill. Both joined in contempt of the laborers
and unskilled workers.
¥       ¥       ¥       ¥
But the onward march of machinery, coupled
with the consolidation of capital, has changed
all that—and changed it forever, too. The
skilled workers have gradually seen the machine encroach, step by step, upon their skill,
and the personal advantage which they derived
from it, until to-day most of the skill is furnished by the machine. The worker tends it,
and his employer reaps the benefit of the
change. This process has broken down a great
deal of the trade snobbery. It has brought
them all nearer to a dead level of mediocrity
as workers. It has reduced the demand for
their labor, at the same time that it has increased
the product of it, and has placed them more than
ever at the mercy of their employers and the
terms which they dictate. It is the realization
of these facts which has given rise to the modern demand for industrial unionism. It is seen
that if there is any Difference between workmen
now-a-day, it is the difference of the industry
in which they work, not of a trade, which has
gone. So the need has come for organizing the
workers in unions which embrace all the parts
and processes of the industries in which they
work, in order that unified interest will bring
united action for the joint advantage of all in
the industry. In the A. F. of L. such organizations as the coal miners, the metalliferous
miners, the brewery workers and others are examples of industrial unionism in practice. In
the building trades, the process is not to far
advanced, a greater amount of skill still lingers
with some of the trades. But such bodies as
building trades councils, are a sign of awakening, and of a realization that a process is at
work which is driving the workers closer together industrially, whether they have the intelligence and forethought to hasten it or not.
The allied councils of the printing trades are
another instance. >
¥       ¥       ¥       ¥
So the process goes on, and must inevitably
do so. It is the effect of industrial development
and evolution producing economic determinism,
which cannot be eluded. It is not a case of
wanting to try some new fangled idea. It is a
case of either get on or get out. It is the mandate of the machine, the slave of the master,
and the master of the man. Therein lies the
secret of this modern Alladin's Lamp. The
workers may exchange old lamps for new;
they may get closer together industrially. But
that will not increase the demand for their
labor. Neither will it give them all a larger
share of the product of their increased efficiency, which the machine has made possible.
When all is said and done, the machine and its
owner are the masters of men. When men
grow big enough to feel that it is not befitting
the dignity of living men to be the bond slaves
of dead-metal, they will make themselves masters of the machine, and it shall be their slave.
Until then, industrial unionism will do its part,
and in the fulness of time will bring no shame
to its advocates.
The suffragettes knocked the king's hat on
one side last week with a bundle of dodgers.
The poor little man must have looked awful
"sassy" with his head-gear at that angle, It's
a shame.   It is, really!
News reports state that members of the
royal Irish constabulary are resigning in scores
rather than be called upon to shoot their coreligionists. Working class members of the
militia might advisedly do the same, if blood
and class sympathy were as strong in them as
religious fanaticism is in these Irish policemen.
Mr. Hamar Greenwood, writing to the
News-Advertiser re the report that the chairman of the high cost of living commission had
stated that the excessive cost of living could be
reduced by the people eating less meat and more
fish, says: "I think it is a very wise saying."
Foulon told the people if they had no bread,
to eat grass. Later on, they stuck' his head on
a pike and filled his mouth with grass.
Fire in the parliament buildings at Ottawa,
one day last week, threatened to destroy the
parliamentary records. If the fire had been
allowed to hove its way, many a "great" Canadian "statesman" would have looked better to
posterity. As it is, sane generations of the
future will wonder why we did not burn both
the records and those whose abominations are
writ thereon.
Lancebezan, the military editor of the
Daily Province, says, writing of war, in last
Saturday's edition:
It is not a question of profit, usually, or
even frequently, but it is a question of
justice and human rights.
Sam Hughes, federal minister of militia,
speaking at Farnham, Quebec, said:
We all know that war is made by capitalists and certain financiers who manipulate the stock market. War is engineered
by them and the poor soldier has to step in
and do the work.
Somebody has got his wires crossed. Is it
the scribe or the "mad minister?"
"Another miner has been killed in the metalliferous mines at Britannia beach." There is
a steady dribble of death from these mines. Two
years ago the union miners there went on strike
because the company—which is an American
concern—would not allow them to hold meetings. The union secretary was discharged to
hasten the break-up of the union. It was only
by their organization on the spot that the
miners were able to force the company to take
precautions to prevent loss of life. The property all around the mines, including the beach
and landing wharf, are the property of the
company, and no one can land without their
permission. A company policeman is on the
wharf when the boat comes in and all new arrivals are required to state their business. If
men are needed, they are allowed to go up to
the office. If not they are ordered back on the
boat. If a man should mention that he is a
union miner, he is lucky to get back on the boat
without being kicked there.
A number of intrepid journalists have had
the temerity to start a new weekly journal here.
It is called The Old Countryman—and looks
like it. We are assured in the initial editorial
notes that "Our intention is to be impartial."
In the same columns, under the caption
"Nanaimo Dispute," Ihe recent vote of the
miners on the peace proposals submitted through
Premier McBride is commented upon. After
regretting the action of the miners our new
contemporary says:
The I. W. W. is, of course, behind
the scenes,  and the struggle which has
been one of extreme bitterness, is to be
We do not want to be too hard on first
offenders. Neither are we going to waste
words on comment. Such an assertion as the
above must be due to one of two reasons:
Either the writer is absolutely uninformed of
the facts of the case, or they are deliberately
fomenting a prejudice which they believe to be
existent in the minds of the class of people
whom they hope will make continued life for
their journal possible. The newcomer says:
"Our aim is to instruct, to interest and to
amuse." Apparently there is one thing they
have either forgotten or do not feel the need
of: We would suggest they add "and to tell
the truth." ,,.«!
"AT  IT  HERE  SINCE   1900"
Rural Quebec
it Is stated, pays Its debts better
than any other province ln Canada, and this Is largely due to their
THRIFT. Why not follow such an
excellent example' and open a
savings aceount?
Wa  Pay 4 Par Cant  lntereat on
Oapoalta,  Subject to Cheque,
AGREEMENTS.     •***•*
Dow,Fraser L Co h
5I7-32I CArnbir ']tri'k-
817-Sit  Gamble  Street; 2313  Main
Straat, (between 7th and 8th Avaa.)
Vancouver, and  McKay station,
Burnaby, B.C.
Cloaa at 1 o'clock Saturday.
City Auction aad Commission Co.
Caah paid tor houaea and suites
of furniture or Auotlon arranged.
Satisfaction guaranteed, prompt
Smyths and Qranvllle Streeta
Auctioneer ley M7S
Phone Your Printing Order
The Allied Printing Trades
of the City ot Vanoouver, respectfully request
Merchants,    Msnufacturera,    Law*
yera,   Fraternal   Societies,   Clubs,
Unlona, Etc., to have tha
Put on their Printing, suoh as Circulars, Briefs, Records, Boolu,
Posters, it Is a guarantee of superior workmanship. This label Is
endorsed by all trades and labor
unions In Vancauver and vicinity.
P. R. Fleming, Secretary.
Room 212 Labor Temple
Strike On
THE strike is still on at tht
* Queen Mine and Silver
Dollar, at Sheep Creek, B. C.
All working men urged to stay
away until tbe strike is settled
Order Ymir Miners' Union
By all means come and see our
splendid large new stock ot furniture. "Everything but the
girl" for your new home.
Hastings Furniture Co.
A. W. Woodard
Phone Sera-pour 3S37
gogojrV BullJtnt     470 CrstnrllU Strset
P A T E N T S^
Trad. Marke, Oaalgna, Copyright!.
Tha Old latabllahed Firm of
ISM Rogera Bldg,, Oranvllle Street
City.  Phon. aaymour S78S,
*©■» Of America
■ 11    '   ■   *■ ■"-'■"■-'■■■--*■ ■^
IDAT ..JULY 3, 1914.
An Exceptionally Fine Showing of
New Middy Waists
.The new models will appeal strongly to those who want style
and quality in waists of this kind. The showing embraces some
entirely new effects, and offers values that will interest the careful buyer.   Note these:
I Middy waists ln white cotton crepe, with elastic at waist These
have fancy collars and cuffs, ln shades ot buff, sky or mauve. The
i sleeves are short.   Special at tl each.
Straight crepe middy waists, ln white, with mercerised sailor collars
and cuffs.  Fine value at tl eaoh.
Fancy pique middy waists with Raglan sleeves, sailor collar and
laced front with pocket. Splendid style and excellent value at 91.76
Middy waists ln fancy white vesting, with Raglan shoulder and sailor
collar, ln light and dark grey, cadet, navy or sky.   Special at $1 .SO.
575 Granville St.   Vancouver, B. C.
Phone Seymour 3540
Store Hour. 8.80 to S p.m.
aaturdaya included
rRA0E i.11. J; MARI"
1 HKAH) a<-° .,.
Did You Get Yours
This Morning?
V-      TENT5    -     if
Phonea Seymour
6031 and 6032
906 Granville St.
Neat to the  Market
New and second-hand China, Crockery, Furniture,
Hardware and Stoves. Furniture moving and shipping. Telephone us when you have furniture for
sale. Highest prices paid.
At BOo. and 7fic. per garment. '
Light Woollen Underwear—just right for this warm weather
From 11.00 per Suit up.
With Short Sleeves and Knee Length Drawers, 75c. per garment.
Tal, Say. rot
R P-
Facts Regarding Population
vs. Spurious Stuff Sent
to the Coast
Wages Paid in Overalls and
[Special Correspondence]
PORT GORGE,. B. C, June 28.—I
noticed ln the Vanoouver Dally World
ot June 6th an artlole regarding Fort
George and Its commanding position
ln British Columbia, and take this
opportunity ot Informing readers ot
The Federatlonist that it is true in
spots, which are tew In number. The
article is credited to the World's special representative ln the north. He
must have viewed the development
ot Fort George through rose-colored
glasses, or else procured his information trom some ot the real estate
gentry. He says ln part: "I came to
Fort George expecting to write the
story ot a (rontler town ln the primitive stages of development—but I saw
a real city—I came here expecting to
See the various townsite Interests
lined up in battle array—but on the
night of my arrival, I attended an enthusiastic meeting of business
men, wbo stood solid and united for
greater Fort George, one name, one
city. . . . Tbe present population
of Fort George Is from six thousand
to ten thousand people, and I think
lt will very likely run to the ten thousand mark. The population Is increasing at the rate of from five hundred to a thousand per week, and
there Is every indication that a olty
of twenty thousand people will be located here before another twelve
months have passed ln addition
to the present population, there are
from six thousand to seven thousand
men in the construction gangs of the
railroads working south from Fort
George. Another four thousanrd men
will start work north from Ft George
on tbe Pacific & Great Eastern. The
combined payroll which Is paid at
Fort George, will very nearly reach
the million dollar mark monthly."
As to Facts
The "facts" regarding the population Increasing at the rate of five hundred to a thousand per week have no
base and only existed in the Imagination of the World's "special." The
only population that shows an Increase Is that portion that Inhabits
the jail, which Is not large enough
to hold even fifty. Six hundred men
on construction work, south of Fort
George, would be a very liberal figure,
and "tbe combined payroll which Ib
paid at Fort George will very nearly
reach the million dollar mark
monthly." Very nearly, but not yet;
not as long as the present bunch of
contractors bave the ownership of the
construction workers' means of life.
At a camp, thirty-two miles south, six
station men finished a piece of work,
and received in wages tbe magnificent sum of seven dollars for six
weeks' work, the time creature Issuing their timechecks remarking tbat
the Bohunks wbo worked on tbls line
(the P. G. E.) would be lucky If they
got their "overalls and snuff" as payment for their labor.
A Thousand Wonders
Continuing: "Everyone in the north
is jubilant at the announcement tbat
tbere Is a strong possibility of a railway north from Fort George Into
Alaska. Such a railway will bring
to Fort George and Vancouver, by
way of the Pacific and Great Eastern,
the greatest wealth of the Omlneca
district, the* Stuart Lake district, the
Groundhog coal district, and tbe rich
mineral areas ln tbe far north of the
province will be brought to the doors
of these two cities. As a tourist railroad, it will justly be the road of a
thousand wonders, and I believe it
would be assured of a freight tonnage
and passenger trafflc of a volume to
guarantee liberal profits from Its Inception."
There Is no doubt in my mind regarding the P. G. E. and what it will
be. It is now the road of a thousand
wonders. There Is about a thousand
men working on the railroad between
Clinton and Cheakamus. When they
receive pay-checks they/ wonder why
and for who, they built the road. Regarding "liberal profits," I have no
knowledge as to the percentage; but
If the number ot workere killed, or
permanently Injured on the P. G. E.
since Its inception are taken Into account, and the dependents ot the deceased workers and the injured men
themselves, been compensated ln accordance with the provisions of the
Compensation aot ot British Columbia
then the "liberal profits" already
earned have gone Into the coffers of
Insurance companies owing to the
extra hazardous working conditions.
Chain-Gang Prsspsrlty
Again he says: "A great and prosperous city ln the centre ot the province."
If changangs building sidewalks
and repairing publlo roads are an Indication of a great and prosperous
olty, then the "Fort George Three
Towns" are prosperous, and all that
tbe citizens have to do to share lh
tbls prosperity Is to serve a term ln
jail. It's easy to get The dlstriot Is
governed by the "Bowser department
of justice." Its chief ot police won
the approbation of tbe railroad contractors for the manner ln which he
"settled" that portion of the construe'
tlon workers' strike on the G. N. R.,
which affected the tank-town cities of
Hope and Yale ln the year 1912.
' The other portions of the article are
of no moment to the workers—except
to say tbat Fort George commands a
superabundance of unemployed, and
there is no work ln sight
Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.
Gentlemen, — I have used MINARD'S LINIMENT on my vessel and
ln my family for years, and for the
every day Ills and accidents of life I
consider it has no equal.
I would not start on a voyage without It, if lt cost a dollar a bottle.
Schr.  "Storke,"  St  Andre,  Kamour-
Unequalled Vaudeville
2.46, 7.20, 9.16
Season's Prices—
Matinee 15c, Evenings 15c, >5e.
Pkoaa Say. 221
Day ar Night
520 Richard. St.       Vaacaanr, B. C.
Ws Issue a written guarantee
that ZIT wtll cure or your money
Differs from all other remedies.
grips M.00, Post Paid.
1)2 Cordova St. W.
Vancouver, B. C,
They Will Investigate Mun
icipal Ownership for
Organised Labor
Form and Substance
Change Is tbe order of nature. Yet,
ln the ever-shifting landscape of tbe
world's events, we have learnt to distinguish two stable landmarks, matter and energy. The recognition of
this constancy; represents, to the
physicist, one of tbe great central
truths of Bclence. But from a more
"human" point of view, there Is something unsatisfying about this per
manence of substance. For. what
counts, ln life, Is not tbe substance,
but the form. And the form Is fleeting, though the substance abide. What
if the changing seasons leave tbe total mass and energy of the universe
unaltered? Spring brings Its buds
and blossoms, summer ripens, autumn
gathers in the fruit These are the
things that matter. What comfort,
when the living form Is fled, that the
total substance be unaltered? Life
is one ceaseless endeavor to preserve
a form, an effort in which sooner or
later, all are vanquished.
Yet, for a timo the organism does
succeed ln preserving that characteristic form on which its life, its consciousness depend. And, strangely
enough, here, ln a sense, conditions
seem reversed; while the form is constant, the substance is forever changing. The human body, for example,
might be likened to a house, tbe
bricks of which were continually being removed and replaced by others,
ln such way tbat the form of the
building be carefully preserved. The
life of man, his very identity, depend,
not on the bricks of which he is built
(for they are replaced from day to
day), biit on the form ln which his
structure Is raised. And this constancy pf form, which for a time is
his, unlike the constancy of mass, is
not Inherent ln the nature of things,
but must be purchased by continued
effort. And sooner or later the effort
falls, and that form which means all
to the organism crumbles and decays.
As,If by an Irony of fate, while
nature has guaranteed tbe permanence ot substance, at any rate for
;eons to come, the very things by
which we set most store depend on
form, fleeting, evanescent.
The   Commissioners   Will
Also Attend the British
Trades Congress
International President W. D. Mahon,
of the Amalgamated Assocatlon of
Street and Electrlo Railway Employees of America, with headquarters at
Detroit, Mich., and L. D. Bland, editor
of the Chicago Union Leader, owned
by the members of the association In
that city, left for Europe last week,
where they will Investigate the relations of municipalities and publlo service utilities employees under municipal ownership and operation. They
represent the American Federation of
Labor. The question of the Investigation of municipal ownership was discussed at the St Joe, Missouri, convention of the Amalgamated Association ln 1911, but no action was taken
until the Salt Lake City convention,
last September. International President Mahon then was Instructed to go
to Europe and make an Investigation.
The question was also taken up at the
American Federation of Labor convention ln Seattle last November, and
the street railway head commissioned
to make such an investigation on behalf of the labor movement. Mr. Bland
also was appointed by the A. F. of L.
convention to accompany the De-
trolter. They will make reports both
to the American Federation ot Labor
and the Street Rallwaymen's association. The investigation will cover the
principal cities of the British Isles,
France, Italy and Germany. The commissioners will .attend the British
Trades' congress, to which President
Mahon was elected delegate to represent toe American Federation of
tabor. During President Mabon's absence International Treasurer Resin
Orr will officiate as International president of the street railway association. The work of the commission
will be of vast Importance to wage
earners ln employment on municipal
supply utilities such as street railways, telephone work, electric lighting, etc., writes a student of the public utilities question. It must be presumed that the commissioner's report
will serve as a safe guide ln determining upon a position to be taken by
publlo utility employees relative to
municipal ownership and point to
sucb restrictions and provisions tbat
are best to toe advantage of the wage
earning classes. President Mahon expects to return, to his home on October 1st.
City Council Passes Resolutions Protesting Against Their Landing
At last Monday night's meeting of
the city council a resolution protesting against the Hindoos aboard the
Komagata Maru landing in Canada
passed without discussion. It was
moved by Alderman Hamilton and
seconded by Alderman McBeath, and
is as follows:
"Whereas—The Japanese steamship Komagata Maru has been lying
in Vancouver harbor for over a
month with several hundred Hindus
on board who are attempting to gain
admittance to Canada ln deliberate
contravention of the dominion immigration regulations;   and
"Whereas—It is known that If
these Hindus succeed In landing, It is
the plan of the promoters of the
scheme to bring thousands of their
compatriots into tills country, and
whereas tlie presence of these people
would prove a Herious menace to our
civilization, both economically and
socially, besides intensifying the present unsatisfactory labor conditions;
therefore be It
"Resolved—That the council desires
to place itself on record as unalterably opopsed to the admittance of Hindoos and other Asiatic races into this
country and that his worship the
mayor be authorized to send a telegram to Premier Sir Robert Borden,
conveying this expression of the council."
Five-Day Week
A Boston dispatch states I that the
Plasterers and Helpers' union Is the
first to officially establish the live-day
work week ln Boston. As a result
of a new four-year agreement, which
is now in effect, all work on Saturday is eliminated. Until May 31 of
next year the wage rate will be (IS
cents an hour, after which lt will be
70 cents an hour for three years.
Printers Lessen Hours
The Typographical union of Sacramento has accepted the compromise
offered by their employers relative to
working hours of job office machine
men. Beginning September 1, these
mechanics will work seven and one-
half hours a day. The contract
agreed to will run for three years.
Advices state that the United Mine
Workers of America scored a victory
ln their long-drawn-out flght for union
recognition ln West Virginia, The
principal point at Issue was the union,
The mine owners agree to recognize
it. The war on the miners resulted
in havoc and desolation. The miners
and their families were driven from
their homes because they stood for
unionism. This labor struggle was
marked by many deaths. Armed
guards and militia, equipped with
machine guns, drove the striking mln
ers to the mountains, where, many are
said to have starved. The situation
became so bad that the United States
senate conducted a special Investigation.
When Doubt
No longer is there any question
of the supremacy of the Edison. If you'll step in and hear
Mr. Edison's latest achievement, his
You'll realize that you are face
to face with the flrst talking
machine you have ever heard
that reproduces all music absolutely lifelike and natural.
We'll gladly arrange terms
with you on any Edison we
have ln stock. Hear an Edison
Westminster Trust, Limited
. We have MONEY TO LOAN on Improved property.
Estates managed tor out-of-town aad dty clients. Payments collected aad forwarded or Invested. Wa aot as agents only for tha
purchase and sale of real estate.
Dsposlts accepted and Interut at 4% allowed on dally balance.
Head OBloa:
Columbia and Begbie Street, New Wsatmlnator, B. C
■aeeeeem te Oaatar ft zaua, IM,
«m ooumaxi nan*
none Oeymoox OflOA
uannns, aco.
••aa aaa Itore TltUat.   O.n.ral
Offloa aad Bhopi
toss ouaaisuus itisit
Phon. Bar. S43
Parlor. A Ch.p.1
23BS Granvll]. St.
Vancouver Britlah Columbia
new wtaTMiNSTan. a. a
Men who earn their living "by
the sweat of the brow" need something to keep their bodies supplied
with moisture. A little beer daring toe day Is a real necessity mi—
toe worklngman.
Is popular with all classes.
Ask your dealer, or phona UU
PHONE No. L-7B        ,
RATES 76c, $1.00, $1.26, $1.60, $2.00
'Work with the President and
the President works with you"
neallHtt ■eipeadaH •aataMeed.
little paint will make a
Big Difference in the
Appearance of your
The value pf your house—your own
standing in the community—are often
judged by the appearance of your house.
And a few dollars spent in painting your
house at regular intervals will go a long
way towards enhancing the value of .your
property and gaining added standing for
Bapco Pure Paint
is no higher in first cost than ordinary
paints—and far more lasting, and durable in
the long run.
Summer Race Meeting
Saturday, July 11 th
Special Trains Will Leave New Granville St Station at
12,12:30 and every 15 minutes until 2 p.m.
r '
Admission, $1.25
FRIDAY   JULY 3, 1»14.
City Market
main street
With a view of meeting the requirements of the
housewives of Vancouver, we have inaugurated a
Producers' Stand,every Saturday in the stalls in
front of the Market. Everything offered will be
direct from the farm and at lowest possible prices.
Bring Your Baskets
Named Shoes are frequently made in Non-
Union Factories—Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what Its name, unless lt bean a
plain and readable Impression or tbls stamp.
All shoes without tbe Union Stamp ara
always Non-Union.
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mus.
3. V. Tobln, Pres.   0. L. Blaine, Sec-Tress.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Florists and Nursery Men
« Hastings at.
Phona aay. ttt 401 Granlll. St.
TM Qranvllle at.    Phona aay. IS1I
Rhone aay. ITsT
Hat Ava. and Main at.
Phona Fairmont TII.
Vlotoria. B.C.
Hammond, B. C.
Long Dlatanre Phona IT
Ten Acre Farms at $30 Per Acre
Payable $5.00 Sown and $5.00 Per Month, Without Interest
Open meadow land situate In tha fertile Bella Coola Dlstriot, on
river and lake and olose to two new railroads. Wagon road, telegraph
and telephone lines to property. Rich soil, splendid climate. Especially adapted tor mixed farming, chicken or hog ranching. Call or
write for full particulars bsfore all tracts are sold.
J. I. Eakin & Co.
60S BolSaa Sallduif
IS HaatUra Etreet East
YAjrcoora, i. o.
Without   obligation,   plaaae  mall   ma
particulare of your ten-acre farma.
Name   ....
Small Fruits and Poultry
Strong Features
this Week
Farmers Are Satisfied With
Prices—Sardis Grower
Writes Manager
Rhubarb from Hatslc met with a
ready Bale at $1 a box. Raspberries
have also made their appearance and
are selling at (2 a orate. Black cur
rants are quoted at 15c per lb.. Poultry
are In good supply. Prices as follows:
Hens, light, $6 a dozen; hens, heavy,
}8 to $12 a dosen; broilers, |3.50 to fo
a dozen; ducks, $6 to S9 per dozen;
eggs made a further advance this
week, and are selling at 32c wholesale
and SSc'retall.
Potatoes are In a very unsettled
condition, quotations varying considerably; but an average for new Is ?2
a sack. Old potatoes are not yet off
the market. A Ladner farmer dropped
Into the market on Wednesday
and ln a matter-of-fact way asked
wbat old potatoes were worth, and on
being told he said he had thirty tons
to sell. Well, he was advised to shoot
them ln with all speed, or there would
be no market at all for them.
A letter received from A. W. Finlay, of Sardis, at the market this
week, shows how difficult lt Is to
reach the farmer.   He says:
Vedder Crossing P. O.,
Sardis, B. C, June 30, 1914.
Mr. McMillan:
Dear Sir:—Some time ago you
wrote me saying that there would
probably be a daily market this year.
I have not seen any notice of such
ln the papers yet, so concluded that
lt Is not yet-established. It has unfortunately happened that every time
I have Intended to ship to market this
season, either the weather has been
against us the previous day, or market day came between ripening of
different varieties. What little shipments I have been able to connect
with the city market the returns have
been so satisfactory that I am anxious to see a daily market which I am
sure would be very successful, as
many farmers like myself are In the
same boat. We would ship all our
produce to the city market. If we
oould be assured of a dally market Instead of about 10 per cent, or less as
at present. I am consigning about
100 pounds black currants for Friday
morning and some cherries. Yours
truly, A. W. FINLAY.
Quote Letter
For the Information of Mr. Finlay
and others we repeat, the city market
sell daily from 7 o'clock a. m. till
6 p.m., with auotlon sales on Tuesday and Friday. Consignments are
received at any time.
Sell the Surplus Cockerels
Do not keep the surplus cockerels
any longer than lt Ib necessary to
make them tip the scales at two
pounds eaoh. Send tbem to market.
Thla will make more room for the pullets and give a small proflt on the
fries or broilers. I have, found that
the greatest profits ln fowl meat Is
In marketing them at ahout three
months of age, or when they attain
V/2 to 2 pounds weight.
Different Ways of Preserving Eggs
"Eggs may be preserved for several
months by different methods," says
Prof. James Dryden of the poultry
department of the Oregon Agricultural College.
Tha Lima Method
Dissolve a pound of lime In five
gallons of water. The water should
be boiled previously to sterilise lt,
and then copied. Stir thoroughly, and
let settle. Then pour off the clear
liquid Into a wooden or earthen jar
or tub. Fill with eggs to within an
Inoh of the top of the liquid. This
will allow for evaporation. The liquid
should not he allowed to get lower
than the top of the eggs. When the
vessel Is filled with eggs, oover it
with coarse muslin or factory, over
which spread a paste of lime to exclude the air.
The Watar-Glaas Method
"Water-glass (sodium silicate) may
be purchased at the drug stores. Use
the liquid form and the commercial
grade In the proportions of one part
water-glass to eight parts water. Use
earthen Jars or wooden tubs or barrels that are perfectly clean, and
store In a olean, cool place. The material used will cost about a cent for
each dozen eggs stored."
Builds  Houses  and  Sells
Them to People at'Cost
—Terms Given
Here Is another way of keeping
green peas and beane: When just
right for the table, we shell and boll
them for five minutes, then drain the
water oil and spread them out thinly
ln the hot sun, If there Is any; lt
not, ln a cool oven. When thoroughly
dry they are put ln paper bags and
kept In a dry place. To cook, either
soak them several hours or else boil
them gently ln unsalted water till
soft, then add salt and finish.
Setting Out a New Strawberry Bed
Just as Boon aB the ground and
weather permits remove the surplus
berry plants from the old bed and replant them In rows 30 Inches or more
apart, and 18 inches apart In the rows
in a new plat. As a rule there wtll be
enough new plants that have grown
between the rows In the old bed to set
out a new patch. If the plants are
taken out with plenty of soil about the
roots and planted ln the new bed the
same depth that they were, they will
'not wilt or be retarded in growth. If
only a small plat Is to be planted, I
would advise the hill system of planting. Set plants In rows as mentioned
above, but Instead of allowing runners
to set, snip them off close to the
parent plant and cultivate ln hills
the same as you would corn, but do
not cover the crowns.
A consignment of dairy butter from
Alberta was disposed of at 27 cents
per pound while a small lot from
Mount Lehman made 30 cents a
30       9
Seattle Brewing &Malting Co.
Following are cash prices
llvered staple   commodities
Beef, sirloin steak, beat.
lb + „        if
Beef,  medium, shoulder,
roast, lb  .li;
Veal, roasting piece from
forequarter, lb.   16
Mutton, leg roast, lb H
Pork,     freah,     roasting
piece from ham, lb 22
Pork,   salt,   short   cut,
Canadian meas, lb   —
Breakfast bacon, smoked,
beat, not sliced  •"•
Flah, fresh, good quality,
Salmon, lb	
Lard, pure leaf, beat, lb.. •■••
Eggs, strictly fresh, dos. -•
Eggs; packed, dos. „... ■■<"
Milk, delivered, quart.	
Butter, dairy, ln tubs, lb.  ....
Butter, creamery, prlnta,
Cheese, local, Canadian,
old, lb 	
Cheaae, local, Canadian,
new, lb. - „ •
Bread, white, m lb. loaf
Flour, ordinary family,
86 lb. bag _.
Rolled oata, atandard, 7
lba  ..„„ .
Rice, good medium "B"
brand   „
Beans, common, dry,
hand picked, Ib ;...„
Apples, evaporated, lb.....
Prunes, lb —
Tea, black, Ceylon, Pekoe.  Souchongs.  Ib.—
Tea, green, Japan, good
common   „	
Coffee, roaated, Rio or
Santos   ™.
Potatoes,   locnl,   now,
12 lbs	
Vinegar, white wine, xxx
Starch, laundry, Ib „
Sugar, cane, granulated,
In 18 lb. baga 	
Sugar, cane, yellow, In
20 Ib. .bags	
Coal, Penn. good anthracite, atove size, delivered, ton  h	
Coal, bituminous, delivered,   lump,  ton	
Coal, bituminous, delivered, nut, ton „—
Coal, bituminous, delivered, pea, ton  -...
Dry  cordwood,  cord	
Blocks,   load ...
Mill ends, load  	
Stabs, short lengths, load
Slabs, four foot lengtha,
cord  „	
for de-
by local
P .36
9 .18
IB! .26
9 .26
9 .26
O .18
9 .26
0 .16
9 .16
9 .10
0 .28
«    .26
9 .OS
O .86
9 .26
8 .05
0    .40
9    .26
0 .01
9 .90
®  1.00
0 7.60
9 1.60
8 6.26
e 3.60
9 3.00
0  2.00
0  2.60
Sells Them to Farmers
Three-year Terms-
Free Seeds
[Special Australian Correspondence]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., June 0.—The
government has established a state
works for the manufacture of agriculture Implements at Rock Bay, Fre-
mantle. The factory covers five acres
employs four hundred men and all
kinds of tools for agricultural purposes are made here, from windmills
to ploughs and harvesters to motor
engines. There are nine months
orders In hand at the present time,
and lt Is impossible to supply the de
mand. As an example of why the
government gets so much work may
be mentioned the fact, that, whereas,
a private firm charges from 1450 to
|500 for a harvester, the state turns
It out tor (325 to 1350, while a plough
sold by the private houses tor (200 Is
made by the state for (125. Apart
from this, three year terms are
granted by the state within which to
pay, the financial arrangements being
managed by the state agricultural
bank. Duplicate parts of all machinery are kept in stock and sold by the
state at about 50 per cent, cheaper
than in the private houses. (5,000,000
has been advanced to assisting settlers by the state agricultural bank,
while the government also supply
seeds and manure when times are
hard, free of cost.
Many miles ot railway have been
opened up during the regime of the
labor party ln West Australia. Five
hundred miles hss been opened up
during the last two years and another
400 miles Ib ln course of construction.
Education Ib free ln West Australia
trom the primary school to tbe university, and there are line secondary
schools. Besides leasing crown lands
and assisting people to build the West
Australian government builds houses
and sells them to the people at cost
price on easy terms. There Is no
speculation allowed and no person Ib
allowed to buy more than one house.
New Zealand Amends Immigration Law
A cablegram from Wellington, New
Zealand, yesterday states that Minister of Marine Fisher has Introduced
an amendment to the Immigration
act in the house of representatives
which repeals the section enabling
Hindoos and other Asiatics to claim
free entry Into the dominion. Provisions are made which compel the
immigrant to sign the application form
in any European language which must
be written ln the presence of an
officer and must not be less than fifty
words and be written In a time allowance of twenty minutes. Provisions
are also made for the exclusion of
white slavers, persons suffering from
dangerous, loathsome and contagious
Against the Compsny and the Deadly
Running Board
Toronto advices state that the Ontario authorities have notified the
local street car company that lt must
submit plans to do away with side
steps, or running boards, upon open
cars on or before September 24 next.
This order marks the end of a long
flght waged by Toronto Street Car
Men's union and the local labor movement against the deadly running
board, which Is responsible for numerous fatalities and accidents. Officials of the Street Car Men's union
presented a long list of these accidents to the Ontario government.
These statistics silenced the company's claim that elimination of the
running board was not necessary.
From Para's
Potato Patch
Oovernment Should   Start
Recently the local Trades and Labor council carried a resolution in
favor of the federal government taking immediate steps to start its contemplated public works with a view
to ameliorating the unemployment
problem along the Canadian Pacific
coast. But so far very little has
been done ln this direction. Although
It Is Hearing midsummer the army of
unemployed keeps up Its full strength.
"I will buy for cssh lots In South
Vsncouver or Burnaby, must be snaps,
P. O. Box 86,"
Soapy Wade Is gloomy, lonesome
and sad since the election. He says
Councillor Hogtoff Is a sly old humbug. Hogtoff and Humbug—a good
Old Dan Tucker fell Into the pond
at Hog Hollow Sunday. The two
empty quart bottles in his hip' pockets
prevented his drowning. Parson
Rudge says if he had not emptied the
bottles he would never have fallen in.
The Bung Starter Bays: The young
damsel who passes our door every
morning and evening needn't be quite
so stuck up, If she has got a new set
of teeth. We know that she intends
to hitch up to Bill Cady, the shell
juggler. Ho wouldn't cut any figure
at a methodlst pink ten. miludy.
"I will buy for cash lota In South
Vancouver or Burnaby, must be snaps.
P. O. Box 86."
B.C. Municipal Bonds ai a
Permanent Investment
Tht safeguards ol • trot iamtment can ba ttsUy wined. Mual-
rfptl Bonds an exposed to tht criticism of ovary fiaancfel publication
in tbt country. It is noticeable that B. C. Muaicipel Bonds, although
they yield Urge returns, hart new beta ■d-ftmJy criticised.
We hsvs exclusive control ot reliable Issues Aat yield vp to sewn
per eent Those dependent on tbe proceeds of investments for their
daily needs, cannot do better than consult the Manager of onr Bond
Canadian Financiers Trust Combwy
Patrick Donnelly-General Mnnajen
Family Shoe Store
823 Granville Street
Hen's Shoes, Begular 16.00 for............. .$8.96
Men's Shoes, Begular $6.00, for  .$8.46
Hen's Shoes, Begular $4.60, for............. $196
sbb the Windows
Up To Wie Minute
For the wide shouldered y
man, or the man who
likes the wide shoulder
Correct in every detail.
as the close fitting English
Model so much in fashion,
only cut on ■ more gene*
rous scale, for the man
who does not like to (eel
his clothes, yet wants to
be well and stylishly clad.
If this appeals to you, call
and see Model 55.
Prices 18,20,25 and $30.
All equally well made.
Thos. Foster
t Compsny, Limited
514 Granville Street
School Holidays
Vancouver Business School
We have a Special Summer Session which will
prove most valuable for High School Students and
HOURS: 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
R. J. SPROTT, B. A., President.
Phone Sey. 1810.
The Quality of Our Service, the Quality of
Our Goods, Is Always the Best
The reuon our buiineu ii Increasing la due to tba fast tbat our buel-
neii policy li correct. We adopted the policy of Informing tbo publlo
through the medium of the preia aa to what our eharfts would bo for a
complete funeral. Including Hearie, Carriage for Family, Care of Rcmalni,
Wagon Service, and alt our peraonal Mrvice tor
Complete Funeral
We are living up to our advertlaement to tho letter, Thla haa eetabltoh-
ed confidence with the public In ua, and for that reaaon alone wa art iuo-
ceiaful, and we Intend to continue aa wo ara doing now,
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co.
Cor. Eighth Ave. snd Msin Street
Phone Fairmont 189
Commodloua Chapel Free to All Patrona
Formerly Center A Hanna'a Branch
A. C, Miller, Free.
P. H. Qrote, Manager
Kurtz's "Pioneer" Cigars
FRIDAY.... JULY 3, 11
There is no excuse for continuing to pay rent when you can buy a
new, well-built four-roomed Bungalow with the same money you are now
paying as rent.
If you rent you have nothing at the end of the year except the privilege of continuing to pay rent—if you buy you have a substantial equity
in your home at the end of the first year.
Our terms are $50, to $150 cash, and the balance payable at the rate
$20.00 to $35.00 per month
These payments include interest. There is no mortgage to assume.
When you buy from the Northern Securities, Limited you buy from
"the Owners;" and our reputation is a guarantee that you will receive
fair, honorable and lenient treatment in case of unforeseen circumstances
Furthermore, these homes are not thrown together by contract but
built by ourselves by day labor. Elimination of contractors' profits enable us to offer the above terms.
Remember these houses are located inside the City Limits. The lots
are all cleared, and the streets graded, with sidewalks, electric light and
city water.
Let us show you these homes, then you can take your choice of either
continuing to pay rent or of being your own landlord.
Northern Securities, Limited
529 Pender Street, West
Bdltor B. C. Federatlonist: — Irrespective of the whine ot the Morning,
Herald, the mighty mandate of the
hour has gone forth, the verdict
against the lying taunt offered by this
organ, and others who have supported
by might and main, the government
of this country, as well as the coal
operators, against the men on strike,
a ballot has rendered complete vindication to the leaders of the union,
that It Is thermen who hold and have
held in the last analysts, all through
the strike, the royal mandate that
shall determine once and for all what
shall be the outcome ot the strike and
when that strike shall end, although
they may not make room for the Herald to put ln Its nose. For fear there
may be any misunderstanding among
the ranks of the men on strike with
regard to the decision rendered by
the ballot, It means that all ot the
men, to a man, have decided the fight
shall go on until an honorable settlement Is reached. No man can return
to work without playing the traitor
to his union. Further, lt means that
the mandate has gone forth for a general gathering of all the forces of
labor ln this province and dominion
if needs be, and to be brought together speedily, to utter the final decree on this   strike   on   Vancouver
Island. The flght Is now to adopt a
more aggressive policy, and to no
longer wait for the crumbs that fall
from tbe master's table, but rather
to do as C. Spurgen once said: "To
be bold and take the bull by the
horns." So let each brother In tbe
battle once more gird up his loins,
and plant his feet firm by the side of
his comrade in the struggle, in sure
and certain hope that the operators
of this province will yet be persuaded
to do the only fair thing in offering
the men recognition of their union.
The overwhelming decision of the ballot has broken down the last resting
place of the feet of the Herald; and
the moment that lt Is evident that the
Herald does, as it has always done,
takes action by means of the aeroplane, towers Into the clime where
Jack-up-the-beanstalk resides, and
tells the people, owing to Its changed
environment, it must now support or
evade the He flung into the face of the
union that it dare nut take a ballot.
This Is not the only point at which
this brave crew behind the Herald
have found lt convenient to lean on
"environment." It is at Once a union
advocate, members of the typographical union doing their level best to
defeat the legitimate alms and objects
ot trades unionism. Who are they
Indeed, and is this stamp of trades
unionism to be the ideal of general
trades unionism?
It Is simply stalking hypocrisy, on
the one hand, supporting the enemy
of trades unionism, and on the other
hand going hand In glove with this
so-called type of unionism. It Is time
the typographical union was doing
something towards eliminating such
an unenviable manifestation of so-
called trades unionism from their
membership. Certainly it is a bread-
and-butter proposition to these men.
So lt is also to the miners on strike,
and why should apy type of trades
unionism be permitted to endorse any
of its members in seeking to injure
the prospects of the membership of
any other labor organization? And
especially does this become a more
vital matter wben the said injured
membership Is carrying on a fight. If
the Herald has any argument, based
oa fact, kept in store to bring out, lt
would relieve the tensity of matters
a little If once and awhile It would
take the trouble to fetch them to the
front, though yellow and musty,
rather than the perpetual evasion and
perversion of truth practiced. lt
talks about Frank Farrington being
ln the good graces of the McBride
government. Yes like all of ub! Let
us remind the Herald of what those
good graces mean to the workers on
this island. Mr. McBride addressed
the Beaver club some months ago at
Cumberland, and he expresed lavishly
the following appreciation ot the
workers. After lauding the British
empire and its flag, he says: "Especially should the blandishments of
foreign agitators, fall on deaf ears,
and the efforts of foreign unions to
establish themselves be met with cold
disapproval." These are some of the
enoomlums from Sir Richard, and
this is undoubtedly how Frank became to be a persona gratia with the
authorities at Victoria.
Local 2165, U. M. W. of A.
Nanalmo, B.C., June 30, 1914.
'To all Organized Labor in British Columbia:
Events whieh have occurred in connection with the Vancouver Island Miners' strike, and the situation of Labor in British Columbia, and beeause of a special request of the members of District 28 of the
United Mine Workers of America, the Executive of the British Columbia Federation of Labor has
decided to call a special convention of organized labor, to convene in the Labor Temple, Vancouver,
on Monday, July the 13th, at 9 a.m.
The causes which have made this action necessary, are as follows:
The first cause of the Miners' strike was the non-enforcement of the Coal Mines' Regulation Act,
and the same conditions still prevail. No effort has been made by the Government to enforce the laws
relating to coal mining; at the present time there being more than 1 ,f)00 Asiatics employed in and around
the mines on Vancouver Island, in fact, there is not, at this time, a white fireman employed in or around
the mines in the strike area.
The Miners, by an overwhelming majority, have voted against the terms of a proposed basis of
settlement of the^disputc whieh was submitted by tlie Operators through Premier McBride to the men
on strike. The agreement gave the employers all power (under a supposed non-discriminatory clause),
to discriminate against all who were looked upon by them as objectionable, and after the struggle made
by the Miners, the so-called agreement or proposed agreement, could only be looked upon as an insult,
While the main reason for the calling of a special convention is the miners' situation, there are other
problems which have been taken into consideration by tbe Executive. One of the greatest problems
confronting the workers of the province is that of unemployment and the prospects for the coining winter point to unprecedented suffering.   The continued influx of Asiatics should also be considered.
The recent disaster at the Hillorest Colliery, while not in this Province, only emphasizes again the
need of the strict enforcement of -the Coal Mines' Regulation Acts.
Miners who have served their terms of imprisonment are not being released, some of them who
have served the term of their sentences still being held in prison. Premier McBride, as Minister of
Mines, is responsible for the strike, it being his duty to enforce the laws relating to the regulation of
coal mines, but he has so far refused to hold an enquiry into the situation. Attorney General Bowser
has, by his persecution of the miners, shown himself in his true position as the servant of the eoal operator. It is necessary, therefore, for Labor to-take such steps as are necessary to remove not only
McBride and Bowser, but the government of which they are the heads, from power.
In the event of local organizations not holding regular meetings in time to olect their delegates,
special meetings should be called, so that full representation may be secured at this, tho most important
Convention of Labor ever called in this country.
-    Each organization affiliated or unaffiliated with the Federation will be entitled to one Delegate for the first
hundred members or less; and one delegate for each additional hundred members or major fraction thereof.
Central Bodies, District Boards, Building Trades Councils, Allied Councils,and.similar bodies, shall be entitled
to two delegates each.
All labor organizations, whether affiliated or not will receive credential forms and these will be Issued ln
duplicate,, the delegate elected to retain one, and the secretary of the organization sending the delegate or delegates, will plesse forward the other to the Secretary-Treasurer of the Federation.
A list of fair hotel and prices will be published in The B. C. "Federationist" on July 10th.
Arrangements are being made for reduced rates for transportation, and delegates, when purchasing railroad or steamboat tickets, should ask the agent for information on this point. Further announcements will, however, be made in the next issue of "The Federationist."
Yours fraternally,
National Guard   Tools  of
Gov. Ammons and Coal
Were Responsible for the
Slaughter of Innocents
at Ludlow
At Three Rivers and Chic-
outimi, Province of
[Special to The Federationist]
DENVER, Colo., 'June 30.—The
mllltla is to be organized because the
legislative committee think so, and so
do many others. Suppose It Is, who
do you think would care to wear the
cloak of the Colorado national guard,
stained with the blood of the Innocent
men, women and ohlldren of Ludlow,
who, unarmed and unprotected ln anyway, were slaughtered ? Who would
care to take the place of Adjutant-
General Chase, knowing that, with
Qovernor Ammons ln the chair, the
head of the national guard must be
prostituted to the coal operators and
shoot down men, women and children?
Who would join a national guard, defamed by suoh murderers as Hamrock
and Linderfelt, for certainly as head
of tbe gunmen mllltla at Ludlow, they
were as responsible as any for the
slaughter of the Innocents ? As
matter of fact the reorganization of
the Colorado National guard Is a Joke.
There may be changes in the official
heads of the organization but they
will always be under the command ot
commander-in-chief, Ellas M. Am
mons, cowpuncher and tool of the
coal operators.
New Nanaimo Socialist Hall
On the evening of July 1st the new
Socialist hall, on, the Esplanade, at
Nanalmo, was formally opened with
a concert and dance. The hall Itself
Is the finest on Vancouver Island, and
will rank with any in the province,
The following programme was carried out to the great delight of the
large audience present: Remarks by
the chairman, Jas. Hodgklnson! song,
choir; song, Sam Beck; song, Little
Miss Taylor; recitation, Mrs. Morse;
song, Jack Barr; piano solo, Miss
Bennle; song, choir; comic song, Fred
Banks; song,' Mrs. Reld; song, Tom
Anderson; recitation, Miss Bendlie;
song, Bill Willis; song, Miss Spowart;
piano duet, Misses Shelton and Spowart; song, choir. Tbe choir of the
Social Democratic party sang the-Red
Flag, the vast crowd joining in the
chorus. Also the old favorite,
"Bowser's Seventy-Twa" was sung
with gusto. At the conclusion of the
entertainment dancing took placet
and It was during the "wee sma'
oors" before the night's performance
James Hodgklnson, who with many
others, worked so faithfully on the
construction, made a capable chairman. Mrs. FIddick, wbo laid the corner stone, occupied the place of honor
on the platform. In the afternoon
sports were held at Northfleld. The
weather was very warm.
Winnipeg T. and L. C. on
The Winnipeg Trades and Labor
council Is hot on the trail of the
Grand Trunk Pacific railroad" for Its
refusal to accept the award of the
conciliation board, which sat last winter. Unionists urged the authorities
to extend no further aid to the company until It accepts the decision,
which was made possible under the
Industrial disputes act. As a result of
the agitation by the unionists the
matter reached the house of commons
before Its adjournment. During the
debate on the question of flnanclal
legislation for the road's benefit, one
of the members said: "I would like
to say that as far as this legislation
passing Is concerned, I hope that before' it Is consummated the G. T. P.
people will take notice of the award
as made and endeavor to see that the
men get the Increase In the amount of
wages which haB been awarded to
them through the finding of the board.
I am drawing the attention of the
house to this in order that the G.T.P.
people may have the notice and may
endeavor to carry out the terms of the
letter as given by Mr. Chamberlain at
that time. The course of the G. T. P.
on tbls question has not been as
straightforward as was expected."
Trades Council Wants Government to Assist
The Trades and Labor council wants
the provincial department of lands to
undertake the clearing of vacant government lands near Vancouver, so
that such lands can be surveyed into
small holdings and sold on easy terms
to workers anxious to secure suburban homes. If the government would
only do this, a large number of working men, when not earning wages,
could use their otherwise Idle time
to the advantage of both parties to
the arrangement—the government to
put up small necessary buildings and
loan the applicant sufficient money,
at small Interest, repayable on easy
terms, to give holders an opportunity
of utilizing their labor and establishing real homes. About 20 years ago
the then government of the day
divided a tract of land near Central
Park Into small holdings 'which In
time proved a big success, although
the settlers received no other aid than
fair terms for the purchase of the
land. They could never have made
their undertakings stick had not a
rise In land values ensued, because
the great handicap ts the clearing of
the land so that It can be tilled.
Members Must Not Be Connected with International Unions  -
[By W. R. Trotter]
Trades unions, composed entirely
ot members ot the Roman Catholic
church, have for years been a feature
of Oerman Industrial life, and those
acquainted with the Inner workings
of the trades union movement ln the
United States are well aware that a
similar movement has for a long
while been under consideration there,
that Is, failing effective control of the
movement as it at present exists ln
the American Federation of Labor.
Symptoms of the same desire have
been sporadic in Canada for a number of years, and the last issue of the
labor department gives publicity to
the fact that the movement has at
last openly asserted Itself in the province of Quebec. Two such organizations have registered their existence.
One of these confines its operations
to Three Rivers, while the other
claims provincial jurisdiction,and has
Its headquarters at Chicoutlml, where
also Its president and secretary reside. It Is really worth while for
every trades unionist ln Canada to
obtain a copy of the latest report ln
order to become acquainted with the
constitution of these societies.
According to the labor department
the Three Rivers order "proposes to
.promote the religious and social Interests of Its members. Taking as a
rule and guide for Its action the
Catholic social doctrine as stated by
the Sovereign Pontiffs Leo XIII. and
Plus X„ the corporation professes respect for religion, the family, and
property, and condemns the principle
ot class strike." All members must
be Roman Catholics, and ln addition
to the usual officers there Is "a gen
era! chaplain, who is a priest ap
pointed by the bishop of Three Rivers. The chaplain Is de jure a member of the general council and exe
cutlve committee, and may demand
that a resolution before going into
effect, be submitted to the judgment
of his grsce the bishop." The membership is placed at 1094 and composed of all trades ln district of
Three Rivers.
The Chicoutlml organization which
claims a province-wide field, has apparently been ln existence since December, 1912, and reports a membership of 1567. The departmental report states that "the association is
essentially catholic and professes its
belief in, and entire submislson to, the
Instruction and direction of that
church." A member must be a British subject of not less than 16 years
of age, working for wages, to be
sober, honest, and a good workman,
and not connected with an International union." J
This federation haB the same provision as the Three Rivers corporation, "to be named by the ordinary
for the diocese of Chicoutlml," while
local branches are also to have "a
chaplain who Is named by the ordinary for the district'." The system
of control apparently leaves Uttle to
be desired on that score, and there
will be little difficulty in sizing up the
possible troubles of an International
unionist who happened to stray Into
any of the districts where Its nine
branches are operating. '.'Down to
Saguenay" takes on a new significance to a trades unionist, and what
happens when a non-Catholic workman applies for a job Is not related.
Looks like the "closed shop" all right.
One wonders why the nationalist
"Canadian Federation of Labor" was
not resuscitated and made to do duty
along those lines. Perhaps the Introduction of John Moffat's Nova Scotia
miners to the latter body bo lengthened the line of communications that
efficient control would be difficult. Organizations of the nature of those
dealt with never get very far away
from the village pump, and, as tradeB
unions, will have a difficulty ln fitting
themselves to the meaning ot the
term in any respectable dictionary.
The labor department makes some
apology for Including* tbem by stating
that "in some points" tbey are "closely
In line" with trades unions, but does
not state the points, while it goes on
to say that it is "recognized that the
movement In Its Inception seems to
be of a religious character and the
resulting organization is ot a distinct
type, the future of which will be
watcbed with special interest"
538 Cambie Street Phone Sey. 2542
Keep the Children Healthy
by sanding them out In tba frash air thue line daya. There'a nothing batter for keeping them axereliad than wheeled gooda,
SIDEWALK SULKIES, Is easily the finest and moat eomprehenalva In ths
elty and the prices an right. e
Thomson Stationery Co., Ltd.
April and Msy Statistics Below Sams
Tims Lsst Yssr
An Ottawa dispatch says that a decrease of 53 per cent, below the figures for the corresponding month last
year Is shown ln the Immigration statistics for the month of April and May
of the present year. Tbe total Immigration from all countries was 68,613,
as against 140,423 for the corresponding months of 1913. The greatest
falling off is In British arrivals, the
number for May and June of this year
being 20,376, aB against 56,940 last
year. From the United States there
were 20,217, as against 33,607 last
year. From the continent of Europe
there were 27,065, as against 55,976
last year.
"I have 1600. to loan on first mortgage.    P. O. Box 860."
Bring your broken Dollies and get
them made like new
MILIAR * COE    at Haatbn St. W.
/"}ITR THIRD annual July Clearance Sale is iii
^ full swing. Sensational bargain features in all
summer wearing apparel for women, children and
infants.' See all of our big show windows for daily
snaps. Saunter through our cool, day-light store,
the most pleasant shopping centre in Vancouver.
P. S.—We are agents for the famous Standard Patterns, 10 and 15
cents each.
\tr*    1058-64 GRANVILLE ST., VANCOUVER, B.C.    1^
Free Bui to and from all Tralna and Boats
Hot and Cold Water and Telephone ln every room.
. ; • single or en suite.
Electric Elevator
Cor. Columbia Ay«. and Haitian Stre-tl
McPHAIL * MACKENZIE, Proprietor.
European Flan.
Rooms  with  baths,
Two Hours of Excellent Entertainment
Everything has been arranged for a
successful entertainment and lecture.
It will be held In Labor Temple on
Tuesday evening, July 21st, under the
Caxton apprentice club. The first half
hour wtll be devoted to vocal and Instrumental music. Mr. J. Franols
Burslll (Felix Penne) will give his
famous lecture, "The Printing Press
from Caxton to William Morris," Illustrated with many lantern slides—
which Ib of educative- and historical
value to all, whether printers or the
general public. The entertainment
will conclude with another half hour
of varied programme. Two hours of
solid entertainment. Tickets only 25
cents. On sale by all apprentices.
Committee: C. W. Pettlplece, Jas.
Hesson, B. Humphrey.
"I hsve 1600, to loan on first mortgage.    P. O. Box 850."
To Be Organised by Socia
Service Council
At a recent meeting ot the Socli
Service council of this city the que
tlon of opening an employment burea
was taken up and partially dlscussei
The Idea Ib to make it free to all ai
plicants for work regardless to Be
distinction, and to be financed by tb
different bodies comprising the Socli
Service council. However, befoi
anything definite Ib done a commltte
must meet the city council on th
matter. Organised labor's Interests I
the matter Is being ably looked aftf
by W. R. Trotter, representative c
the TradeB and Labor council, who I
also a member of the executive con
mittee of the Social Service council,
Tax. tbat Watoh ts Appleby, SOS
Vender Wast, Cor. Pender and
Richards, for nlgli-class watch,
clock and Jewellery repairs. All '
cleaning and mainsprings jobs
guaranteed for 12 months.
Royal Crown Soap
Royal Crown


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items