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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 4, 1915

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SEVENTH V fed..  No. 23
VANCOUVER, B. C.,  FRIDAY, tfUNE 4, 1915.
J-'&Sff)    *L» PER YEAR
Pays Large Bodies of Gas
Were Reported in The
Reserve Mine
How Union Strove to Have
Mine Regulations
Act Enforced
Once mors we bave to record a horrible mine disaster where the lives of
men are sacrificed. This time it is the
preserve shaft of the Western Fuel company at Nanalmo, B.C. On Thursday
jjfternoon, May 27th, 1915 twenty-two
men lost their lives by'an explosion in
the above-named mine, and it is with
the deepest sympathy and sincere regrets for the unfortunate victims and
iheir relatives that we express our
views. Knowing that there is nothing
that we pan do that will restore life
to these men, we are confronted with
the following question: "What are we
going to do to prevont another disaster t " " Prevention is better-than
cure," and we solicit Ae aid of the
general publie to assist ub in that prevention.      I
B. 0. Miners' High Death Bate.
I The following should be considered
carefully: For the last eighteen years
there haB been over TWO THOUSAND
MINERS KILLED every year on the
American continent, and statistics prove
that the death rate in unorganized
fields is three per cent, greater than in
rhe organized districts. British Columbia has as high a death rate as any
aiining locality in the world. This fact
alone should be sufficient to make every
honest citizen of the province of B.C.
decide that from now on with all the
ability in their power to help the
Miners' organization in its fyumanitar
inn movement of trying to organize for
the protection of their lives. It should
ilso condemn every person who by their
i-fforts assisted the coal barons of Van-
;ouver Island in the recent struggle to
temporarily retard the miners' movement.
Was Explosion Expected?
There is current rumor on the streets
of Nanaimo to-day tnat this explosion
was not unexpected and large quantifies of ghs have been known to exist
n the said mine, but under the despotic rule which exists in the Western
Fuel company, no man who is employed
ay them dare voice hla sentiments relative to the conditions of tho mine un-
ess they are favorable to the.company
)r unless he is prepared to go elsewhere
ind seek work.
McBride Did Not Answer.
Following is a self-explanatory let-
:er to Premier McBride, and which he
lid uot answer:
Nanaimo, B.C.,
July 2, 1014.
Sir Richard McBride, Premier of British Columbia, Victoria, B.C.
Ion or a ble Sir:
"After carefully considering matters
i'hicli we have discussed in conferences
Utely, relative to non-enforcement of
•he mining laws of this province, it is
ny opinion that it is your duty, ns minster of mines, to compel the operators
.f this provinoe to comply with the pro-
'isions of the Coal Mines Regulations
let, and that government inspectors be
ompolled to enforce same.
I fully realize the utter impossibility
ind the absurdity of your request that
make a specific charge against any of
he men who are now employed as not
leing competent miners, while at the'
ame time your government is spending
housands of dollars to keep extra spec-
il police, provincial pcftae and mili-
ia in that field for the purpose of keep-
ng ua in a position whereby we cannot
ecure the information you desire, be-
ore taking action.
I have always been under the impress-
■in that it was the duty of the minis-
er of mines and the government mine
ispectors to enforce the law, and not
rait until thousands of men are blown
nto eternity, under the pretext of wait-
ig for specific complaints from anyone;
ut to see that inspections are made
rom time to time and that all sections
f the Coal Mines Regulations Act aro
I am confident that half of the men
■ho are mining coal on Vancouver Is-
tnd where the strike is in progres, can-
ot read the inspector's or fire-bosses1
sports, as they are posted at the pit-
end from time to time when they are
laking their examination of the mines,
nd if this is true that class of men nre
it most dangerous elements existing in
ny mine, not only to thomBelvos, but
lousnnds of other men meet death due
> their ignorance and thousands of
idows and orphans are thrown on the
orey of the world, largely because of
te neglect of the men who are response for not enforcing the law and
seping such men *ut of the mines.
I would suggest that a commission
3 immediately appointed, to be com-
)sed of one representative of the gov-
nment, one for the operators, aiid one
ir the united mine workerB of Vancou-
ar Island; and that this commission
i empowered to hold an investigation
id that all employ-pen who fail to pass
ie language,test and other provisions
! the .Goal Mines Regulations Act, be
lmedlately discharged.
If this suggestion meets with the ap-
■oval of your department,you will find
i ready and willing to do everything
our power to render assistance.   On
0 other hand, if it meets with the dis-
>provnl of your departmental officials
hy hot/ oe Premier of this province,
;ercise your powers under the public
iquity act. '
This complaint and suggestion is bas-
1 upon the clause in the Coal Mines
jgulations Act pertaining to the qual-
catiohs of coal-miners wherein it
ntcs specifically that a miner must be
fficiently conversant with the Eng-
ih language and with the provisions of
e acts relating *o coal-mining and
tea and regulations made thereunder,
bally, I say to you, as Premier of this
ovinc,e, that if you have a desire to
(Continued on page 3)
A Brisk Business Meeting
Deals With Variety
Of Questions
All But Street Railwaymen
Report Employment
Much Slacker
Vancouver Trades and Labor council
meeting last night was.fairly well attended. Only two new delegates
were seated.
Executive Board Beport.)
At the invitation of the Canadian
Club, it was decided to endorse the
proposition to ask the Provincial government to preserve the old court house
Bite as a memorial to men killed in the
war.- Indian motor cycle* are now
made under union conditions according
to a letter received.
' Delegate Miss H. Gutteridge reported
on.the interview which the council's
delegation had with acting-Premier
Bowser re unemployed, etc., and of
which an extended report appeared in
The Federationist last week. She also
reported that the delegation had met
Mr. H. H. Stevens, M.P., urging employment of local men on federal government work. Appreciation was expressed of the work of the delegation.
Delegate McVety reported that the P.
G. E. Railway company had been instructed to cease engaging men through
an employment agency whereby destitute men either had to pay a fee or get
no work.' This action waa the result
of representations made to acting-Premier Bowser by the Trades and Labor
Parliamentary Oommlttee.
The miners' resolution whioh appears
in another column was endorsed ns recommended. The committee recommended that the attention of the government
be called to the fact that the places
of the Germans and Austrlans tnken
from coal mines on Vancouvor Island,
were being filled with Montenegrins,
Greeks and others, mostly brought from
Vancouver, while hundreds of miner
residents of the island were out of work.
Steps are to be taken to deny the re
port that there are no skilled mechanics in Vnncouver who would be willing
to go to Britain.
President's Beport.
Tho president reported on a number
of matters pertaining to his _ routino
dutios. He read letters dealing with
the protest sent to Australia re lumber
in British Columbia being chiefly manufactured by Oriental lnbor. The communications were from the federal and
states premiers and several trades coun
oils, the main tenor of them all was in
support of the council's efforts. Tho
council decided to continue the work,
including tho getting of photographs of
Orientals in and around mills, to be sent
to the* governmental authorities in-Australia, in support of the oposition to
British Columbia lumbermen's request
for a preferential tariff from the Australian government in manufactured
B. C. lumber. It was stated that locnl
lumbermen were becoming seriously
alarmed at the council's action.
Beports of Unions.
Cigrfr-mnkers still slack. They did
not consider the council was supporting them in boosting locnl made cigars,
nnd were to consider withdrawing.
Tailors intend to picnic at Bowen Island on July 13th. Brewery workers
stated that some of their fellow unionists had been discharged owing to their
being Germans. C. P. B, machinists
reported conditions getting slacker as
also did the Musicians. Plumbers aro
still locked out. Street Railwaymen
said business'was much better with
them since the jitnt-y tms regulations
had been in force in the city.
New Business.
Under thiB head, a committee of four
, was chosen to go, into the grievances
i of the cigar-makers, and also to consider the case of the brewery-workers who
were discharged.
Recommend ntlon was mado to the
parliamentary committee to Btart now
and make preparations* for tho municipal elections next January. Tailors
presented a motion that in view of tho
fact that a provincial, election does not
seem very close at hand -more timo
should be given for unions to nominate
provincial election -candidates. Finally
it wns decided to extend the time to
July 2nd.
It w»b stated that the Fair Wago
officer had notified the Labor department that carpenters wages were reduced to $3.60 per day, which action the
carpenters had protested on the ground
i that their standard union wage was
still $4.25 per day. In reply to a query
it was stated that the contract for tne
government elevator called for a wage
of $3.00 per 8 hour day for laborers,
also that the Civic Employees official
scale of wages was still $3.00 per 8
hour day subject to a wa* reduction
i*of 15 per cent. A Mr. Young waB reported to be registering mechanics who
wished to go to England, but it was
understood he had no official standing.
I New Westminster Trades and Labor
I council will be invited to send one delegate to go on the Trades Congress reception committee.
Organizer J. W. Bruco, of the Plumber' was at this time present in the
meeting, and being . invited to speak
gave a bvief address which was much
Building During May.
During May, 57 building permits
were issued in Vancouver-to the value
of $710,280. Last year in May, 102
were issued valued at $524,380. For
the first five months of this year 335
I were issued to the value of $1,022,071.
For the flrst five months of last year
720 were issued, valued at $1,820,984.
By A. 8, WELLS
Seoretary Workmen's Compensation Committee B.C. Federation of
FTBR CABHFUL STUDY of the different clauses of
the act introduced at the last session of the house
by Mr. Bowser, the following are the conclusions
that I have arrived at, and while taking into, consideration all acts that are in operation, in this
and other countries, and seeing their many good
and bad pfcnts, I do not think that we Bhould be
guided in our opinion of the aot, by deciding that
it may be better or worse than some other act, which may have been
passed, say in Ontario, but rather on the merits of the act itself, and
as to whether it will do that which we have the desire! to see accomplished, and taking this view there can be no doubt that the act will
not do away with the many evils arising from industrial accidents,
for the reason that it does not contain the principle that the State
should provide for those who are deprived of their means of support,
and that this shall be accomplished by the taxation of those who profit by industry; that it does not penalize those who profit by industry that have been found to have contributed to the'injury, by the
neglect of proper precautions and care against, accidents, and so
make it too costly to have any more accidents than are absolutely
unavoidable, by compelling the employer found to hav^ been neglectful, to pay the compensation direct, without it being taken from the
revenue provided for that purpose by the State.       ;'
The act may be an improvement on the old one now in force,
but if it is any benefit to the workers, it is many times more so than
the old one to the employing class, and as Mr. Bowser says that the
government have a desire to have something that is likely to be
somewhat of a permanent measure, then we must at least demand
that the act be amended, in accordance with the principle that Industry or those Profiting thereby shall bear the Cost of industrial accidents'and diseases without any exception.    *
Compensation for Accidents.
The question of compensation for
accidents arising out of industrial occupations, has occupied the attention of
the workers of-this province for a considerable time, and the organized labor
movement has, in ana ont of season,
advocated the placing on the statute
books of legislation that would secure
to those injured and their dependents,
a sufficient income to place them beyond the fear of actual want, and to
secure to the dependents of those killed
whilst engaged in industrial occupation, at least sufficient to enable them
to live in comparative comfort.
And while advocating legislation
along the lines suggested above they
have alwayB maintained that the cost
of injury should be borne by the industry in which they were engaged, or
better still, should bo borne by the
state, and industry taxed for the purpose of finding the revonue whereby
the compensation should bo paid. This
question has occupied the attention of
the workers of all countries that have
developed an industrial system, and
haB been met by the various governments of tho industrial nations. by
many and varied schemes that have
been devised, none of them perfect, nnd
many unsatisfactory from the workers'
point of view, owing to the fact that
thoy have not followed the procedure
that any business man engnged in
manufacturing always follows in regnrd
to his plant or mncjiinery, viz., to prepare for accidents, and sot aside for the
purpose of replncing broken or worn-
out machinery, certain nirionnts bnsed
on an average, found by careful calculation, covering a period which would
naturally bo the life of theKmnchine as
far as its UBefulneBS wns concerned.
Tho workers, however, have not been
oven troated as well as tho mnchineB,
and no provision has been mado for
them when they nre thrown on tho industrial scrap heap, but it hns been
left more or less to chance, and in cases
where legislation has been enacted to,
supposedly, provide for compensation
for industrial accidents, it has been
found that as a rule the only parties
benefiting, or receiving compensation
wore tho lawyers, who hod undertaken
to fight the case on behalf of the person
While it is desired that thoBe who
are deprived of thoir means to acquire
the necessities of life, through industrial, accidents, should bo cared for,
thore are other objects that are desired, and can be secured by tho placing on the statute books, of workmen's
compensation acts, the most important
of which is the reduction of the number
of industrial accidents to a minimum,
and this con only bo secured by making
the cost of such accidents to be borne
by those profiting by the operation of
industy, in other words making it too
costly to thoBo responsible, to have any
more nccidonts than it is possible to
prevent, and by penalizing those thnt
are found ^o have contributed to any
accident, by improper safeguardB and
necessary precautions.
This is essential, as it is a well known
fact that many industrial accidents nre
caused by the lack of rensonablo enro
and protection of machinery* nnd in tho
mining industry and many others such
as railroad work, through tho lack of
any care of the lives of the workerB,
tho desire for dividonds being placed
first, and tbe workers are only a secondary consideration.
The same will apply to occupational
diseases, many of which could to_ a
great exotnt be minimized, providing
that only reasonable care were taken.
Having arrived at thiB point, wo find
that not only do wo desire an act that
will compensate for industrial accidents, which apart from the workers'
point of view is necoBBary for the master class, otherwise the incapacitated
become a public charge, and the dependents of those killed are pauperized,
but an act thnt will make it so costly
to those who are prone to bo careless of
the lives of the workera, if they have
industrial accidents in tho course of
their operations, that they will take
every reasonable care to prevent accidents, just as they take care of their
horses' or machinery, and it is from
this viewpoint that Mr. Bowser's draft
act, lately introduced, should bo examined.
' The Provision of Bevenue.
On the question of the raising of tho
revenue and aB to how it should bo
raBised wc are not bo much concerned, ns
it is a hard thing to say just who pro-'
fitB most by-the operation of any particular induBtry, thoBe engaged directly
in it, or those only remotoly connected
with tho actual operation, or the actual
working of any branch of industrial
But of this we should at least be
united upon, that the state should   be
i responsible for the j finding of the
'revenue to pay all compensation for
Accidents or industrial diseases, and it
would seem that it should be raised by
general taxation of business, big and
little, industry large or small, without
any classification. The Btate acting between the workers and the employing
class, and seeing that those profiting by
the operation of industry, should pay
for the disablement of the workers engaged in industry, and the-state being
faced/with the problem of providing
the wherewithall to pay with, would see
to it that industrial accidents were not
any more numerous than could possibly
be avoided.
Aad this, after all, is the one object
that should be kept in view. Compensation may relieve the distress caused
by the death or disablement of the
breadwinner, but it cannot'compensate
for the loss of life or limb, nor Tor the
suffering of those who are. bo often
doomed to a life of pain and suffering
ns an attendant result of nn accident.
The passing of legialn tion affecting labor has been found in practically, all
cases to bring attendant results that
have not betta anticipated, and this has
been found especially- in workmen's
compensation, legislation..
In England tho passing of the Compensation act brought about to a large
degree the discrimination against, old
men, or men who wore showing any
sign of the infirmities of old ago, and
in this rospect wo should learn from
experience, and on examination we find
in Bowsor's draft net things that will
no doubt give rise to unpleasant complications.
For instance, take the clause dealing
with outworkers: In the interpretation of the term "Workman" it says
"workman,shnll include a porson who
has entered into or works under a contract of service or apprenticeship, writ-
ton or oral, express or implied) whether
by manual labor or otherwise but shall
not include an outworker." The interpretation of the word outworker is "shall
moan a person to whom articles are given out to be mndo up, cleaned, washed,
alterod, ornamented or repaired, or
adapted for sale in his own home or
other promises, not under the control
or management of tho person who gave
out tho articles or materials."
This must hnve an effect that will be
disadvantageous to the workers and
will no doubt lend to the establishment
of a great force of outworkers, with all
the attendant results, of sweatshop conditions nnd piece work system.    *
Again, the act is not to apply to
casual labor, or to persons who are not
employed for the employer's usual
trade or business. This would mean that
many men engaged in all classes of labor, such as the repair of buildings, installation of machiaory, etc., etc., who
were employed by the owner of a manufacturing establishment would be shut
out from the act.
In fact the net is so limited in its
scope, thnt it is to nil intents and purposes usoless, nnd seems to be rather nn
net to define who shnll not be paid compensation, tban one to provide for the
payment of it.
Possibly the best way to really analyse the bill is to carefully study Mr.
Bowser's speech on it in Victorin, and
ns he is tho author of tho act, we can
be sure thnt he will not underrate the
benefits and good to bo derived by the
workerB from the act.
Waiting Period,
In referring to tho fact that the net
does not provide for any compensation
for injuries thnt do not incapacitate for
more thoa two weeks, Mr. Bowser snid
"Thnt there oro two sides to every
question, tho employer haB to be heard
as well as the employee, because it is
tho employer that has to pay the bill,
so to speak, and he must be used in such
a way that he docs not think this bill
will be prohibitive, and that he will
have to closo down his works, for if the
works close down tbere will not be any
employment for tho workman, and we
want to be fair."
Consider the above statement, and
thon consider if he intends to be fair,
when placing all minor accidents on the.
shoulders' of the employee'and makes
them boar the loss of wages, etc., and
the cost of medical attention, and tho
possible after effects, and it is a well-
known fact that n- large percentage of
industrial accidents do not incapacitate
for more than two weekB, and is this
placing the cost of injury on those who
proflt by the operation of industry?
Later on ho spoke of the division of
the burden of industrial accidents, between the employer and the employee,
and this is the way the burden is divided. The worker shoulders the loss
of his wages for tho waiting period
df two wcokB if tho injury does not
lost longer than that, tho pain and suff-
(Continued on Page Four)  .
W. J. Bowser and L Harrington on Workmen's
Crowded Meeting Best Yet
Held in City on This
An audience, of more than 1,600,
mostly workingmen, crowded into the
Avenue theatre, Vancouver, last Friday
evening to hear the proposed new Workmen 's Compensation act for British Columbia discussed by the Hon; W. J. Bowser, acting-Premier, and John Harrington on behalf of the Vancouver local of the Socialist Party of Canada,
under whose auspices the meeting was
At 7.45 the ushers were compelled to
turn away hundreds for whom there
was no room. Promptly at 8 o'clock,
chairman W. A. Prltchard introduced
the speakers.
Mr. Bowser
For an hour and ten minutes Mr.
Bowser reviewed the measure, and.dealt
10th some of the criticism already offered. He admitted that some of the
suggestions would be accepted, and asked for all the information possible prior
to its passage at the next session of the
legislature. Mr. Bowser received a
splendid hearing while dealing with a
subject of rather a technical nature in
an interesting manner. In fact, the
speaker seemed aB much at home as 'a
fisherman aboard a fish-laden dory
bound for home in a forty-kaot breeze.
Little reference was made to any
thing other than the subject under discussion. And whether the big audience agreed with the speaker's conclusions or not, he was certainly given a
round of applause when he, took his
seat, where he remained until the meeting broke up two hours later.
Hr. Harrington.
"Jack" Harrington replied upon behalf of the Socialist Party of Canada,
and for ono hour and twenty minutes
the big crowd gave him a close and attentive hearing. He also stuck strictly
to.the subject, and never once was
there a personality indulged in or any
reference made to politics. The proposed Workmen's Compensation not was
discussed upon its merits, and its
shortcomings pointedly emphasised as
only a speaker with Harrington's ability could bring them out.
He traced the growth and development of modern industry for the past
fifty years and then proved, to the satisfaction of the audience, that this measure, like others of its hind, wus merely in response to a desire of the executive of the employing class to lessen
the burden of the employers by giving
thom t. cheaper form of protection than
could be obtained from private companies.
Ue congratulated Mr. Bowser that he
hud not come there that evening to toll
his hearers it wns becauso he loved tho
workers that he had proposed the measure, but, frankly, that it was a cheaper for the employers than under tho
old Bystem. Tho government had admitted a principle that it Was the duty
of the Stato to enre for the maimed
and casualties of the industrial world
ond that industry should bear tho burden of its humaa scrap heap, along with
the machinery and other equipment
thnt must needs be replaced from time
to time—"something tho socialists had
been endeavoring to pound into the
workors' heads for years.''
Mr. Harrington then took up several
specific clauses of the proposed measure
and suggested what seemed to bo some
very practical amendments. At the conclusion of the speaker's able address
he was greeted with thunderous applause, in which Mr. Bowser himself
The Meeting.
The meeting was a twist in classics,
one of the best ever held in Vnncouver,
Both speakers know their subject well
and were splendidly mntched oratori-
cally. In fact Mr. Harrington seemed
to havo a shado the best of the argument from a dobating point of view.
The S. P. of C. is to be congratulated
upon having mado possible such a meeting, where such a measure wob dealt
with in such a practical ^manner. It
should go far towards the securing of
amendments which will mnko the B,
C. Workmen's Compensation act, when
finally sanctioned by the lieutenant-
governor, one of tho best of its kind
in existence.
Mr. and Mrs. Quein Start on a Long
Tramp to Play Gypsy for a Month.
At least ono printer in Vaacouver
will take advantage of tho. prevailing
industrial Inactivity to improve tho
shining hour in a novel way. Mr, B! I.
Quein, an m, o., employed in the Shil-
vock chapel, accompanied by Mrs.
Quein, will walk to Seattle. They Btart
out to-morrow. A seven-pound tent, a
few cooking utensils, n fishing tnckle,
and special equipment in tho matter of
dress and footwear, will be all the provision made for tho trip. They will
play gypsy for the coming month. When
they strike a spot thnt appeals to them
there they will remain until tho spirit
moves. Both Mr. and Mrfl. Quein are
ardent outdoor cnthtisinstists and thnt
they will have a rattling good time is
tho wish of The Fed. nnd their hoBt of
friends in tho trades union world.
Current   Cant   Castigated
By Caustic Candor
And Criticism
A Diversified Comment On
Conceits Of The
Passing S>ow
[By W. M. C]
From an editorial in the Spokesman
Review: "In no land has the increase
in the cost of living since 1904 been
bo great as in Canada. It seems strange
that this should be so in a relatively
young countryj hut it is accounted for
through abnormal prosperity having
bred reckless'extravagance and through
overgrowth of the cities at the expense
of production or real values." "Abnormal prosperity " is goodi I think it
would be quite safe ta offer one million
dollars reward to anyone who could produce a specimen of "abnormal prosperity" found within Canada for several
decades. However, it is "up to" the
workers to' keep their eye Upon the increase in the cost of living., There is
little sign of their wages increasing in
Baying Nothing Impudently.
Listen to the following '' Trustees of
God," as they dispense knowledge before the U.S. Commission on Industrial
Relations: J. P. Morgan on stand.
Question: "What is yojir opinion .regarding the causes of poverty! Answer: "I haven't any." August Bel
mont on stand. Question:"To what extent are directors responsible for labor conditions?" Answer: "Altogether too large a question." Tet these
fellows are supposed to obtain. their
great wealth through the brilliancy
of their brain-power. Nit! It just
happened. The fool workers wanted to
give the wealth, they possessed to someone, as they had so much themselves,
they didn't know what to do with it
all. And these ducks happened to be
on the spot.
Those Abominable Unions.
Before the same commission, another
genius let drop a few gems, which deserve attention. J. V. Patterson, president of the Seattle Dry Dock and Construction Company, on the stand:
"Unions are an abomination. They are
a gang of miscreants. It is coming to
a civil war, and we are ready to fight.''
This "guinea"" acknowledged under
cross-examination, that the employen
of the State of Washington were unionized; that their organization was affiliated with national employers' organizations, and that the main purpose of
the organizations was to prevont the
organization of the workers. He further denounced the union boycott; but
confessed sending circulars asking n
boycott on firms employing union labor. He also abused tho unions for
entering politics; but confessed that the
employers' * association did. This tolerant and broad-mindod "gentleman"
deserves our kindest regards and best
wishes. With a little more polish, he
might even pass for a church warden,
The Old Order Changeth.
Many of our "sacred institutions"
ure in the melting-pot these days, among
thom being our school-system. Vocational training—half from the textbook, nnd half in tho shop—is taking
the place of tho old system of "cramming" from books. Peoplo aro beginning to recognize that half of tho word
laboratory is made up of labor; that the
method of "learning by doing" is much
preferable to that of learning by "stu-
ing"; thnt the life of school can bo combined with the school of life. The
idea that school-work must bo an economic burden upon the community, is
nn anciont and dishonorable error,, especially in rural districts, where flowers and mnrket-stuffs can be grown.
In the citicB, however, under the present system of private ownership of industries, nn obstacle arises in the form
of labor-unions, who can give perfectly
good reasons why thoir trades should
not be overrun with graduates from vocational schools; and this bstacle will
remain until the system of ownership is
changed. As matters stand to-day,
tho schools aro giving a bow-and-arrow
education in an age of 42-centimctcr
High Oost of Giving.
in tho U.S., in 1914, tho stntistics
of. 21 organized chnrities show that
they handled 1,1)5.1,651 dollars; and that
only 831,023 dollars went to the needy
in food, conl, and clothing. The rest
cials went in salaries, offico oxponseB,
nnd investigations. Somo of the salaries of tho "C.O.8." officials arc n's follows:—E. T. Devino, ns secretary of
society, $1,000, and nB director of schodl
of philnntrophy, 5,000; W. T. PerBons,
director of general work, $6,000; L.
Vieller, director of department for improvement of social conditions, $7,000;
subordinates, from $2,500 to $500. This
is a sure method of "curing by giving
of the bouI nnd spirit."
Periodical Report of Sfredal
'   > Correspondent Gives
Reliable News
Mining Condition* Bad All
Round; Some Tradea
Much Activity;
Death Revisits Britannia.
Britannia mines, Howe Sound, B.C.,
wero again the scene of disaster last
Saturday. A "missed" holo was
struck by a drill and Mila Conkoviek
was killed by the oxplosion which followed. Threo others wero injured nnd
removed to hospital.
Secure tho best whisky—"B.C. Special"—for the least money. Mado in
B. C. for pnrticulnr people. Sold everywhere.   ABk for it.
Councillor Welsh Secures Renewal of
Last Year's Oouncll Decision.
Councillor Welsh, of South Vnncouver
municipality, a member of the Plumbers' union, nnd a delegate to Vancouver Trndes nnd Lnbor council, has again
justified the confidence imposed in him
by tho unionists nnd electorate of his
ward. Last week ho succeeded in hav-
incr a resolution passed by the council
renewing last year's decision to adopt
n $3 per day of eight hours ns tho minimum wago for laborers in the municipality. In addition the standard union
rate of wages will be pnid to all other
trndes employed. At a timo when Vancouver nldermnn nro figuring out how
cheaply they can get employees to
work, undor war-time and other excuses,
it might be just ns well for tho central
lnbor body to note the benefit to be derived from having direct repreHentn-
tion in the council chamber, as is the
epe in South Vancouver.
[In view of the continuous inquiries
which reach The Federationist aa, to
employment conditions in Australia,
we have made arrangements with Wt
spjecial correspondent over there—Mr.
W. Francis Ahern—to send periodical
reports on labor condition* for the benefit of those of our readers who may
be thinking of emigrating to Australia;
and also as a matter of general inter*
est. The. following report received by
us this week gives a very thorough
account of the conditions prevailing
over a \ery wide territory in an extensive variety of trades and occupations.
—Editor,. Federationist.]
Special Australian Correspondent.
SYDNEY, N.S.ty, May 24>-Follow-
ing up-my special report to The Federationist aa published in; the issue of
March 26 last, I here append another
report as to the state of the Australian
labpr market. I can voueh for the par*
ticulars contained herein, as they oome
from the most) reliable sources'and are
given put as'the result of careful investigation and searching, by government
officials; the various union* officials, and
a care ful investigation by myself, j
} Demand Tot Labor Less.
The demand for, labor is slightly lees
than last reported. This is doe mainly
to the fact that the transports have
been ell fitted up, and the large amount
of labor absorbed for this work haf
been curtailed, and many have beet
thrown on to their own reepursee and
private firms. Plasterers report i an increase in the1 number of unemployed,
and a further increase may be,looked
for with the winter coming on. The
government works in. N.S. Wales are
making the best possible arrangement
in'working the men 5 days per week,
to allow for the employment of a number of those who would be otherwise un*
Boot Trade Good: Olothing Bad.
Boot trades report over 1,500 working half time in N.S.. Wales, and some
300 completely unemployed.. ThiB trade
is however improving, as many military
orders arc coming, thia.way, -including.
a large order of over one million pairs
of boots for tho Russian army. Sever*
al firms, at last investigation report
that'they are now able to work full
timo instead of half time. It may be
snid in boot trades, matters arc looking good. In clothing nnd tailoring
trndes matters are very bad. Of late,
thero hns been a tendency on tho part
of employers to uso female as against
mule lnbor, because of prime cost.
However government has stipulated
that in all military orders, full labor
must be used. Many tailors have gone
to the war, becauso of bud conditions,
300 nro completely out of work, and a
like number on purt time. It is thought
thnt matters will shortly brighten
for the clothing trades.
In The Textile Utile.
Cannot get enough hands, and are
working full 24 hours, day and night,
fllling militnry orders. Government
have tnken] over many mills ia Australia for war orders, and running cloth by
the mile. Matters were never better in
this branch of the trade, the bad part
is that they caanot get, enough hands
to fill tho war orders. This *is the best
report I havo to date.
Engineering and Metal Trades.
Reports from 30 firms, employing over 10,000 hands all told, report that'
conditions are better than Inst reported.
Railway' car and wagon builders are
very busy filling government orders •
for new rolling stock. Gcnernl engineering romnins about the same. Iron
trndes are busy, nnd secretnry of that
union snys outlook is good nnd will
hold in thnt condition for somo time
to come. Electric trodos report about
the same ns former union—tlmt is,
better than last report, nnd that prospects look good for some time to come
Baking and Milling.
Baking trndes nre slightly below nor-
ninl, nnd some unemployment exists. In
tho flour milting departments there ia
also some unemployment, and things do
not look as ffood ns thoy might in thla
direction, owing to the scarcity of grain
for milling. The secretary 'of tho Mill
Employees' union reports a busy month,
but thnt future prospects,, owing to
drought in the country districts, is not
ns good ns it might be. ;
Meat Packing Busy.
In tho moat packing trado thero is
incroased activity, owing to tho largo
war orders. I think there is likely to
be bettor tim/s ahead for ment packers,
owing to the fact thnt the men have decided to fill only n certain number of
tins to n day's work. Of late weeks
thoy hnve been speeding up, but it has
been found that employers have been
putting the screw ou a little too much,
and are trying to get enforced labor
conditions into the men. Tho men havo
now ordered a speed-down, nnd thiB will
menu that, more will be employed, and
there should be a shortage in this direction beforo long—about 30 per cont.
Regarding cold storage trades, .thoro is
a number out of work, owing to tho
export of meat being practically at a
standstill. But it is thought that shipments will bo made to England shortly
for war purposes, when there will be
plenty of work going for the men.
Slightly less unemployment in leather
trades, with fnir prospects.
Printers, Shipping, Woodworking.
Matters nre looking bettor among
printers than Inst reported. Many •
firms report bettor conditions, though .
there is still some part time employment
being worked to absorb men out of
work. Shipbuilding npd repairing re-
(Continued from Page Three.) PAGE TWO
93 Branches ln Canada
A general hanking business transacted. Circular letters ef credit
Bank money ordsrs,
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital
Rtaarve ■ • • • •
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.   ..160,090,000
Your Banking
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Paid-up Capital 16,000,000
Reserved Fundi 68,307,878
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British Columbia
Splendid opportunities in Mixed
Farming, Dairying, Stook ud
Poultry. British Columbia
Grants Pre-emptions of 166 acres
to Actual Settlere—
TERMS—Besidenee on the land
for at lout three years; improvements to tho extent of (6 per
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. at leut Ave ures.
For further information apply to
Publlihed every Friday morning by the
B. C. Fediretlonm, Ltd.    .
B. Perm Pettlpleoe Kaaaew
3. W.,WUklnsoa.. ■■■■... ..Editor
Office.* Room 217, Labor Temple
Tel. Exchange 6oy. 7«SS.
W. 0. Barker Advertising Manager
Subscription: 11.60 per year; In Vancouver
City. 12.00; to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00
New Westminster.. ,W. I. Meldu, Box 914
i'rinee Rupert. ... .W. E. Denning. Box SSI
Victoria  .A. 8. Wells, Box 15S8
Afflliated with tbe Western Labor Press
'Unity of'Labor: the hope of the world.1
FBIDAY   JUNE 4, 1915
last Friday evening, when the
proposed new Workmen's Compensation act wus discussed by Attorney -general W. J. Bowser and John
Harrington ■ of the
Canada, was thebest
meeting which has
been held in public tor a long tim
for the discussion of in important public question. Both protagonists wen
masters of the subject from their respective points of view, and presented
their arguments with Sne oratorical
skill combined with keen and incisive
reasoning. The result was, they held
their audience of 1,600—mostly working men—for three hours without a
single interruption..
# •* # •
The reason for that was the keen
personal interest which the subject has
for working men, and the thoroughly
practical way in which it was handled by the speakers. Mr. Harrington's
masterly criticism, the keen judgment
with which he detected the faults of
the act, and the sledge-hammer common
sense way in which he pointed out how
they might be eradicated) were both a
delight and surprise. Many had expected that he might only deal with the
question from the purely abstract and
academic poinf of view, and were
amazed at the eminently practical suggestions which he made for the improvement of the. act.
.    \ .       .. ■     .
One of the chief points of interest
which the meeting has for the labor
movement is, that Mr. Harrington's
argument denotes a broadening stage
in the mental attitude of the socialist
party, toward! the essentially, practical
problems of working class life as it has
to be lived from day to day. It suggests.! definite change from that concept of things which regards human life
and destiny as something which will
right itself by a process ot mathematical fatalism in the dim and distant
FBIDAT   JUNE 4, 1916
you ti
paid-up union oard
fo all the nrhr	
Temple Club.
.   ,     _  entitles
all  th«_prlvlleges of  the
will serve to consolidate the
opinion, which is steadily growing among the general public, that the
conditions under whieh mining is
carried on on Vancouver Island are
just about as iniquitous as the labor
movement hu so
often said they are.
Juit what precisely caused the explosion of last week, may be brought out
at the inquest to-day—or, it may not.
If that depends on some of the officers
of the department of mines—bearing in
mind tho South Wellington inquest—,
there is reason to have doubts on the
• <   *'      .,      •
It is not going too far to say that
the whqle matter of mine administration in British Columbia constitutes
one of the worst Industrial scandals on
this continent. The secret of it we believe to lie in an insidious collusion between the government and the coal
mine owners. That impression was only
too well supported by the incidents of
the late strike, when the government,
to oil Intents and purposes, placed its
entire administrative and exeoutlve machinery at the disposal of the owners.
• «        •        •■
Now, the pretenco is being made that
by interning the "alion enemy" strikebreakers, some measure of amends will
be made ot the men who sustained tho
brunt of that fight. Fi»cts which havo
transpired since the Internment order
wns issued, do not bear out that it will
moke much difference to tho union men.
It Is stated for example, that out of
twenty now mon token on by the Western Fuol company last Saturday, only
one was a residont. The rest were Montenegrins, Italians and Greeks who had
never been seen round Nanaimo before.
So much for the statement that internment of "alien enemies" will improve
chances of employment for British minors in Nanaimo.
foremost place among the chief
public questions of the day   in
Britain.   Just in passing,    it is noteworthy that the agitation has returned
simultaneously with
the    formation    of
the   new    coalition
government.       The
cabinet    now    contains several former
Conservative ministers, whose party has
always been more openly sympathetic
to the idea of compulsory military service than the Liberals.   The Conservatives are also perhaps more thoroughly
representative of that element in the
British nation which has the biggest
material considerations at stake in the
war.   It contains more of the landed
aristocracy and old feudal stock combined with the commercial classes than
does the Liberal party.   Ancient lordship, although modified somewhat   by
modern considerations, makes the class
look upon the workers as its hereditary
vassals, charged with the defence of its
life and property.   And although that
instinct might have fallen into    the
background during long years of .foreign peace, yet it may be fairly assumed
that the unprecedented and   alarming
incidents bf the past ten months have
revived the feeling.
«        *        .       .
Be that as it .may, the demand fpr
conscription again seems to be strong,
with an increased number of advocates
to count on. We believe we have said
before, that we do not think the plan
for enforced military service will be
favorably accepted in Britain; and we
still hold to that view. The facts as
we see them are thus. According to all
available information it would appear
that since the beginning of the war
about 1,000,000 men have voluntarily
enlisted—somo of them for involuntary
reasons. The rate of enlistment seems
to have slackened, hence the renewed
talk of compulsion. Now the majority
of the eligible men who have not enlisted may be divided roughly into two
or three well-defined classes. There are
those who would not enlist, for various
reasons, from personal choice, although*
they would not resist compulsion with
anything more than sullen looks. There
must also be those who, from motives
of conscientious conviction, have not
joined, and who would by at least pas*
sive resistance refuse to compulsorily
serve. Then there must be those who
are either deterred by domestic responsibilities, or who are engaged in the
manufacture of war munitions. Broadly speaking the non-enlisted are divided
into those classes.
• ■      .       .       .
The munition makers must be counted
out as unavailable. The domestic responsibility class is not now so large
as it was before a system of allowances
and pensions was adopted which satis-
fled those to whom that matter was
the only objection. That leaves the
mass of the unenlisted composed of
those*'who would sullenly accept, and
those who would openly resist by verbal
protest and any other means which
seemed effective. The question then
comes, what real use for active service
would either of the two latter classes—
whom we believe to constitute the majority of the unenlisted—bet They
would both be unwilling and practically
driven by force of circumstances to go
into a proposition whieh neither had
any natural inclination for Incidentally,
bearing in mind the peculiarity of human nature, it might very likely turn
out thnt the sullenly acquiescent, on the
flrst application of unwelcome compulsion, would develope a surprising stubbornness. So, for our part, we are
brought to the opinion that the day
which brings compulsory military service in Britain will be a mistake. It
will be a day from which the more far-
sighted and deep thinking men will be
able to derive no real satisfaction. By
that time, if ono may read the signs
aright, there will be considerable organised feeling in all the countries involved, that the war haa lasted long
enough. The sagacity of international
financiers and diplomats will recognise
that too. They know what the next development might be, and, not being desirous of seing their debtors reduced
from corporate and financially responsible entity to political chaos, will most
likely step in to save tho life of the
goose which lays the golden eggs,
is needed to assist him, and to give the -|-i VERY WESTERN CITY, almost,
miners rnd general public of the pro- J_ both in Canada and the United
vince more confidence in the commis- States, has its stock of "Pro*
Bion iB, that at least one fully expert- fessors" and "Captains" and "Doc-
enced and practical coal miner shall be tors," and whatnot, ih the way of local
a member of tho board.    More than;' ' notabilities carrying
that, he should be a union miner, to -SEr sham or comic opera
ensure that he was in no way subser- prefixes    to    their
viont to the influence of the coal com- NEVER WOULD namM j],^ are t],e
pany.   If tlo government then wishes BE MISSED pathetically     amus-
to appoint a third member of the board,! jng survival of   all
let it do to. The chances are that the that was compassed by the term "aca-
subsequent majority report would- demic" in the days of the "wild and
smooth over the facts brought forth in woolly west." Things have changed so
tho inquiry. But tho verbatim report mwh that now they seem to be stand-
of the evidence would contain aome in- j„g shivering in nothing more than
valuable data bearing upon the illegal their shirts, amid the new order which
and callous methods of operation which haa sprung up around them, without
have made the cool mines of Vancouver j their; seeming to be aware of the pro-
Islnnd a bye word all over America j ces, wUch has brought about tho
and which have helped to make the change. Their titles were never really
mining record of British Columbia one more than nominal ones, conferred upon
of the most deathly in the world.   That them in "Rube" days, when very littlo
Westminster Trust Co.
J. J. JONES, Mtn. Director.
J. A. EENNIE, Sec-Twaa.
at a Big Reduction
Safety Depoilt Boxes for Rent at $2.60 np
Willi Drawn Free of (marge
Deposits Accepted and Interest at Four Fer Cent. Allowed
on Dally Balances.
is about the most the workers can expect from the inquiry anyway.
*        *        •    •  •
One point should be kept well
to tho front. It is thia. According to
the press reports of the inquest, Mr.
Thomas Graham, Chief Inspector of
Minos, deliberately attempted to, allow
the jury to be misled as to the facts involved. If the report was correct, he
stands condemned by hia own evidence.
The danger in the coming inquiry ia,
that the evidence sought and extracted,
may be too cloBelv confined to the technical explanation of the causes of the
disaster; and Graham'a behavior at the
recent inquest may be reduced to a
matter of secondary importance. That
is another reason for having a real
miner on the board of inquiry. We
said at the time o'f the inquest, and we
repeat it now, that if Mr. Graham's
evidence was reported correctly he
should be dismissed from office and
prosecuted for attempting to defeat the
ends of justice. And we want to see
the coming inquiry establish either the
truth or falsity of our claim. We believe that the only way this can be
done beyond question or doubt iB. for
Acting-Premier Bowser to enlarge the
commission so as to include at least one
practical coal miner who knows his
business, and Ih not afraid to ask awkward questions until he brings out the
the Essential Requirement
of the Experienced Investor
Conservative Investors seeking safety nnd a good return will
find the B.C. Municipal Bonds wo handle to bo a safe and
profitable investment.
As Fiscal Agents we offer to-day, City of Salmon Arm debentures at a price to yield 7% per cont. not, interest payable
half yearly.
Circular on request.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Patrick Dot-welly-General M&nafew
MAT COMMISSION whioh ia to
inquire into the mining disaster
which occurred at South Wellington February 9th last, ought to consist of more than one person, even
though that one is
such     an    eminent
jurist as Mr. Justice
Murphy.   So far as
BE APPOINTED we know he would
be quite a useful
member of the commission, inasmuch
as his legal experience would enable
him to bring forth evidence from witnesses, and to separate the facts from
the fancies and fabrications. But what
does he know about coal mining, beyond what is known by "the man in
the street f" What does he know about
the technical factors which will be involved in the inquiry? What can he
know about the essentially practical
facts of the casef Virtually he can
know nothing, because he has not had
practical experience. And no matter
how genuine his intentions might be,
he could not be certain of boing able
to protect himself from the lies, regarding technical points, which might
be foisted on him by reason of his ignorance of the practical conditions prevailing in coal mines.
tt        «        »        •
Mr, Justice Murphy's usefulness in
such an inquiry will begin   and end
end with his ability to question witnesses and weigh their evidence. What
GERMANY'S REPLY to the protest of the United States agoinat
the sinking of the Lusitania is
just the kind of answer which might
be expected from that quarter.   It is
the   retort   of him
oerbAny to   wh0 haa    nothing
material   to     lose.
Its chief effect will
most likely   be   to
draw   attention   to
the comparatively weak military forces
of the United States,   ahd   thus   to
strengthen the hands of those in that
country who are anxious to Bee it enter more seriously Into the modern race
for, armaments.   Germany has no merchant ahipa on the sea to lose.
*        •*       •        «
The United States navy could not
make much difference since the coast
of Germany could not be more effectually blockaded than it is. So that a
declaration of war would hardly benefit the United States. On the other
hand it might at leaat temporarily produce a condition closely akin to civil
war in those parts of the States which
are inhabited solely by Germans. The
reply is cunning and callous even in its
present preliminary stages, and we see
no material reason why it should not
be more so as the controversy develops,
It will add much fuel to the fire of the
militarists in the United States.
toads could agitate big puddles, and
wnemthe one-eyed man was King in
the Land of the Blind. Yet, even to-day,
their prestige still persists in a sort of
way by virtue of aa indulgent indifference, which either does not recognize
their charlatanry or else finds them so
amusing that it hesitates to deprive
itself of the pleasure which it derives
from the contemplation of such picturesque antiques,
•       '•     , •       * ■ '
Practically every western—and certainly every western coast—city, haB
its stock of these mental troglodytes.
and in most cases they still exercise
quite a considerable influence ia local
affairs. Not 'so mucn because they contribute anything of real or sterling
merit to the aum total of social welfare, as on account of their ancient influence, which still persists—if in a
somewhat attenuated form—for lack of
the necessary ruth to put it out of existence. Their credentials were originally extracted from the immaturity of
the baekwoods, and, by good rights,
ahould have passed into the limbo of
history along with the environment of
their origin. But the persistence of
senile sentiment continues to protect
their doddering survival, despite that
subsequent development has long relegated them to the scrap-heap of first
experiments. In the outset, when things
were crude, they had their uses, and,
for lack of better material, were the
law-givers and the wise ones of the
time. But now, with the coming of
contemporary civilization and its concomitant complexity, they ahould have
either the requisite sagacity and good
grace to retire,; or else be kicked out
without the option of a flne.
Vancouver Island-
-the miner's ceme-
Ask - for Labor tunplt 'Phone ,.,
Seymour .7495   (unltn  otherwise stem).
Bricklayers—Wm.  S. Dlgnill,  Boom 216,
Cooki,    Waiters,    Waitreuei—*-Room    208;
Andy Graham; phona Say. 8414,
Electrical Workers   (outside)—E, H.  Morrison, Room 207.,
Engineers (steam)—Boom 216; 1. Premier-
Longshoremen's   Association —  Offlee,   146
Alexander street; Q. J. Kelly; phona Bey.
«8M. '_■'■'
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld, Rooms 104*606,
Labor Temple.
Street Bailway Employees—Fred. A. Hoover;
phone Bey. 508.
logrepliicel—R. H. Neelands, Rooms 212
.8-14. I
Allied Printing Trades Council—R. H. Nee-
lands, Box 66.
Barbere—B. H. Orant, 581 Georgia street.
Bartenders—H. Davis, Box 424.
Blackimlthi — Malcolm Porter, View
Hill P. O.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1885 Thirty
fourth avenue east.
Boilermakers—A. Fraeer, 1161 Howa St.
Brewery Workere—Prank Graham, Labor
Brieklayera—William S. Dagnall, Room
216, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenten Dlitrlet Coun*
ell—f. L. Barratt, Room 808, Labor Tem<
Clgarmakers—Car* Kurts Cigar Factory, 72
Water Street.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Andy Graham,
Boom 206, Labor Temple.
Eleotrleal worken (outside)—B. S. Morrison, Boom 807, Labor Temple,
Electrical Worken (Inside)—Room 207; F.
L. Estinghausen,
Engineers—E. Prendergut, Boom 816, Libor Temple,
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment Worken—Labor Temple.
Honeshoers—Labor Temple.
Lettercarrlers—Robt.  Wight,  Dlstriot  88.
Laborers—George Harrison,
bor Temple.
Room 220, La-
Premier McBride is reported to have
been looking for new markets in Europe for goods canned in Britsh Columbia. He- must have a feeling in hia
bones about what is likely to happen
at the coming election.
THE MODERN IDEAL, in the way
of education-r-as the term "education" is understood    to-day
by the "educated'.' classes on this continent, consists chiefly in the acquisition and firm establishment of the idea
that   the man who
BBMnn)BE works    with      his
IS GOOD hands   is   at   best,
but a secondary
consideration in the scheme of things.
The direction of industry, and not the
performance of it, is looked upon as
the all-important part of producing the
world's daily necessities. And thereby
young men acquire an instinctive contempt for that class of society which
is engaged in the actual work of doing
the world's work.
•        «        •        «
For that reuson, if none other, it is
a good and sulutary thing that, every
now and again, those who work with
their hands should demonstrate to the
world in practical fashion that thoy are
are the real basis of the industrial and
social structure of our time—much as
our time" may affect to dlspise them.
Nothing so astounds "society" as to
see the calloused fist of the proletariat
thrust through the thin crust of elegant insincerity which separates it
from the raw reality which lies at the
back of things. Both ends of,the proposition know too little about each
other. If it were not ao, neither would
be in existence.
Vancouver morning "Sun" in the
middle of its front page laat Wedneaday morning, under the head of "Enlist Now!" has the following to say
among other things:
There are hundreds of young
men in Vancouver who have no ties
to prevent their enlisting. A large
number of these are unemployed
and unable to find work of any
Comment iB unnecessary. Such a
statement speaks volumes by way of
self explanation.
It is announced that Premier MoBride will not leave as early on his
return journey from England as expeot-
The best service he could do British Columbia, as part amends for the
political monstrosity which has been
called his administration, would be to
stay away altogether. But perhaps he
feels he would like to close hia politi-
cal career with the melancholy pleas'
ure of attending his own funeral.
Mr. G, O. McGeer, who finds himself
in the poculiar position of having persuaded some of the people of Blchmond
electoral district to take him seriously
enough to adopt him as the Liberal candidate for the coming provincial elections, mud Inst Tuesday night, in speaking at nn entertainment, that after the1
election tho Liberals would be in power
in British Columbia ''for the next
thirty or forty years," Ten years of
McBride has been bad enough, but this
new prospect—well it just couldn't be
dono. No country could survive such
an ordeal. Besides, the boodle would
not last that long.
To save trouble and to expedite
matters generally, why not the government appoint a permanent commission
to inquire into mining disasters on Vancouver Island! If things go on as they
have been doing lately there would be
enough work to keep suoh a body
steadily occupied.
Lathers—victor B. Mldgley, Labor Tomple,
Loeomotire Firemen and Engineers—C. Howard, 607 Davie etreet. •
Loeo Englneen—L. T. Solloway, 1157 Har-
wood,   Tel. Sey. 1848R.
Longflhoreraen—J.  G Kelly, 10 Powell Street
Machinists—J. H. McVety. Room 211,
Labor Temple.
Musicians—H. J. Brufleld, Rooms 804-806,
Labor Temple.
Marbleworkers—Frank Hall, Janes Road,
Moving Picture Operators—L. B. Goodman, Labor Temple.
Painters—Room 808, Labor Templo
Plumbers—Boom 306 1-8, Labor Temple.
Pressmen—P, D, Edward, Labor Tomple.
Plasterers—John Jamil Cornish, 1801
Eleventh Ave. Eaat.
Pattern Makers—J. Campbell, 4869 Argyle Street.
Quarry Workers—Jamei Hepburn, ears
Columbia Hotel.
Railroad Trainmen—A. B. McCorvllle,
Box 848.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb, 420 Nelson
Seamen's Union.
Structural Inn Worken—Boom 208, Labor
Stonecutters—James Bayburn, P. 0. Box
Sheet Metal Worken.
Stnet Rillwiy Employeea—Jamee _. Qriffln,
166 Twenty-fifth avenue out,
Stereotype™—W. Bayley, can Province,
Telegraphers—B. B. Pippin, Box 482.
Trades and Labor Council—Oeo. Bartley,
Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelands, Box 66.
Tailors—C. MoDonald, Box 608.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Geo. W. Allln,
Box 711.
Tllelayers and Helpers—Evan Thomas,
Labor Temple.	
teSS? SSfflfflTE
Fre*. A*.  HoovS' SS»!!i.,'*' "Wet
^^_______^^ •?-*•<
^S?_ffli1WU  '"--AMIS    COUN
montti^ffi.•_** ■JW*' In th,
H   H   ».K"H»W ?-J- BottuU  Moral.,.
B. H. Neelo'n"**'! i-' o, Boi 8i"
BoUlsl; seoretarj)
No. 474.-OF
W SnASHTO ~««3Samt_T-,
"""'"•HHHOOD   OF   BOILER    HAKlIi
Lbowrs iMtltsd to meMlng.
Hi ~
.  »«   	
nOTUrj, J. B, MeV.tr.
3. UiJ^Se^eTeSee-rr'i"BiSS
tnmoM s.or.i,rr. J. a jEStf.    Bn°'"
___[uos.      '     '  ,"*1"-  P*MI
M«ls mry Dm ,„d Oltt tfXuitT ta lh
EX-VV0*** ,.M- Ub« *™p"  PwJ
Sent, A. Honjr; riM-pmMwi. 1 Bm,
SEas?***** ■"•«"'"« *»i r?i;
8..W Montiomwr; Iwmmw. H,n.ld Si
J. W. Carruthers
2S2 Broadway Eaat
Men'a Hatters and Outfitters
Three Storei i
SwmpIb, Comptvnd,
»19G»r|ta Street
Pb.ll, Seymour JOBS
Mr. D. A. Thomaa, the ooal magnate,
as a thank-offering for his escnpe from
the wreck of the Lusitania, gavo a
thousand guineas for a box at Mme.
Clara Butt's Red Cross concert in the
Albert Hall, London, on the night of
May 1.
"B.O. Spoclal"—best rye whisky-
distilled in B, C. by competent workmen and dispensed at all leading bars.
Ask for "B.C. Special." •_
' while you are able.
We pay 4* Interest on Deposits subject
to your cheque, credited monthly.
Trust Company
122 Hastings St. West.
Vancouver, and McKay station,
, lurnaby, I. c.
Reference—Dunn's, BradstreeU, or
any financial   Houss ol   repute   ln
Strauss works
Ladles Hate Cleaned, dyed, resewed or
blocked Into the latest styles.
135 Hastings W., Vancouver
recording   ,ecretary.
How,  atreet.     Buslnei
Train,  Room lot,  -
Comox itreet;
Dowdln*. 62S
agent, James
vl.«^AcMh™.*jA-7V«rvjr an
retary. mt 'ArayliTtSs. r,raril*"   "
recording   ie
v~i. ifikF'-S- "?"•" mrl—a. Ho. II
Meeta Labor Tempi,, second aad fourth -l
needm at 9:110 aad^ p. _\   PmSkal
Hubbhi reeordlat MWrtarr Jas £ alia
SB-cBl __?___ F"i- *■**»*_
clal MOTUry. E. Pr.nd.r«.i "~~ ,
.. .ternatlonal). Local No. 17a—M»»HnV
__M T2S"to_ '" eaffl month, «'p 5
i?2F!!7' ■»• J?;**-**ne.d,   Boi   SOI:  i
■*■«■ *""■• K* Pateraon. p. o. Bn*r ik
Meett laat Sunday « Met auatk ■
In annual convention in January    Eiee'l
ntlv.oflo.rs, llll-U,   tneuZal A WatJhJ
man;     vlee-preeldenU—Vancouver,   W.IT
./.Westmtaster ** T,t7,. >rtnoe Bo~X|
K- &P-M&Ut*«3—*e.3.   Lyon?  Dls I
■ "oikS-. ,S,Y, °J A tf •■•«-*»»« I "and 1
f*Outhrle: Dletrlet U, 0. H. W. ol Al
(Crow'. Nest Valley), A. J. Carter: aeon* I
____»6A. 8. Wtat. P. 0. &TSJ
.    .!°S (>°aaell—lleeta .very amad aad I
foorib WedOHdey el I n m. fo Labor ksJI I
R-i*"*i.'f.,0:..0™,,I"i   ta.i.1.1  aSEeSS; f
Boi as«.   Tk, pa'bUe to in*
Coal mining rlghta of th, Dominion,
In Manitoba, Saakatcbewan and Alberta,
tha Yukon Tarrltory, th. Northwest Tm-
ritorlM and In a portion of tha Province
of Britlah Columbia, may be leaaed for
• term ot twenty-one yeara at an annual
rental of fl an acre. Not mon than
I,t60 acres will b, leaaed te on, appli
Application, for 1mm muat b, mad, by
th, applicant In parson to th, Agant or
Sub-Agant of the dlatrlct In which th.
In surveyed territory th, land muat b,
described by eections. or legal aubdlvls*
Ion, of aedtlons. and ln unaurvayad ter
ritory   th, tract   applied   for ahall
staked by th, applicant himself.
Each application muat be accompanied
by a tee of It, which will ba refunded If
th, right, applied for are not available,
but not otherwise, A royalty ahall bs
paid on th, merchantable output of the
mine 'at the rate of flv, centa par .ton.
The person operating the mln, shall
turnlth the Agent with aworn returns
accounting for tha full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay tha royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights
are not being operated, auch returns
should be furnished at leut once a year.
The 1ms, will Include th, coal mining
rlghta only, but tha lessee may be par-
mltted to purchase whatever available
aurface rlghta may be considered nacu-
sary for tn, working of th, mln, at th,
rate of 110 an aore.
For full Information application ahould
be made to the Secretary of th. Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Landa.
Deputy Minister of tha Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of thto
advancement will not be paid for—MIM.
Ask you favorite mixologist for "B.
C. Special." Oovernment inspected and„
absolutely pure. *"T
CIL— Ueele Irsi sod third W.doesdav '
or hell,  1484 OeveranSit etrert? «*'
fc S'ur'u&M\l-"& Wells: eeereS-ry,
Holdridge, Boi 802, Vletorle. B. 0.
Directors: Jas. Brown, president! R. P.f
Pettlplece, vice-president:,,„«!dward Lothian,]
James Oampbel, J. W. Wilkinson, Geo. Willi
bv, W. J. "Nejle, F. Bluiuberi, H. H. Free.
Managing director and soemtary-treasuror, J.I
H. McVety. room 211, Labor Templo.
at call of president, Labor Temple, Van-
couver, B. 0. Directors: James OampbeHl
preaident: J. H. MeVety, seoretary-lreaauror:J
A. Watchman, A. S. Wells. R. Parm. Petti-l
piece, manager, 217 Labor Tempi.. Ttle-I
phone:   Seymour 7491.
- . Of America
Vol. against prohibition I Dsmaod p,i
son,] liberty In choosing what yoa wiU drink
Ask for this Label when purchasing Be,
Ale or Porter, as a
lon Made.
arantee that It Is Vol
Is Our Label
FkoaeSs;. 221 Days
Noun, Thomson &Clegg
528 Richard, St.        VaacMVer, I, C. ■MMpiMRPap
I ^FRIDAY ....... • JUNE 4, ins
''flailt r3i- Weaisfityle
$ .    .     BsLQpitt'
Made In     ^
Do this
Oo to your shoe* dealer and ask
to aee a pair of LECKIE SHOES.
Try them on.   *
Note the comfort—the construction—the leather—the sewing.   Tour
' dealer knows all about shoes—aak him what he   knows   about   the
SUBSTANTIALITY of LECKIE SHOES.   Then wear a pair—you'll
find them .the beat shoe investment you ever made.
' **'
Made for Men and Boys wno require better shoes.
World Shoe Co.
M Hiring. St, W., Phon. Sey. 1»0
Bait Shoe Ripilring "Whllt You Wilt"
Work died for and dollnnd
Logger.1 Mlnen' Cripple.' ind my kind
of spectil Shoe, nude to order
Named Shoes ire frequently mtde in Non-
Union Factories-Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter whet its name, unless lt been %
plain and readable Impression or tbls stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
IM Summer Street, Boston, Maes.
J. F. Tobln, Free.   0. L. Blaine, Beo.-Treee.
Ask for
"NABOB    Products
coffee icnras
Get and use "NABOB" everytime
Jingle Pot Coal
More heat. No Clinkers
Millwood and KindUng *2*60 load
Choice 16 inch Fir * - t3.00 load
General Cartage, Baggage and Furniture Moved and Stored1
Phohes Seymour 1836
ni men important, the moit wondirtol aal the moit popular library ever
M   inn hudnl toUudm to Ml»ct trom.
ran roa usi
Ouk.ll Seek * SUttoMry <*>•*, I**-
883 Hastings Itreet Weit 67MI1 Oranvtte Street
 ~~~^~^^^^~^^^^^^^^=      ■■=*■■■■■■**■= , =
Patronixe tbe Union label
by using
For Sale at All Dealers
295 Dufferln Street
M.w, ll«d.rn, rirt-OUM
SMio He.t.d, BUrtrle Lllhud
Telephone Sepswu IMS
BUM S1.80 p« Par ani Up
THE USE of this pure bottled beer in
the homes of British Columbia people
has increased so much that in 1914 we
sold over 750,000 bottles more than in
(Continued from Page One.) >
Is by far the most popular beer in
Western Canada.
6 Pints -   -   -   50 cents
3 Quarts    -   -   SO cents
Vancouver $reu?erfes Limited
introduce an element oi honesty and
fair-dealing into the administrative policy of your government, now, more than
ever, is the time to show whether or
not you are iu earnest.
Up to now it has been "words, words,
For God's sake forget politics for once.
This is a matter involving the lives of
men." i    i i
Yours very truly,
President District 25, U. M.W. of A.
A Few Plain Questions.
Other. questions that,the minister of
mines should be compelled to answer
relative to the non-enforcement of the
Ooal Mines Begulation aot are as follows: ■    t     ..''■-
Why Ib it that the Jingle Pot mine
was allowed to operate with no manholes on their slope until such time as
two men were killed f Why was the
company not prosecuted for violation of
Why were the officials of the Canadian Colleries (Dunsmuir) Company,
Ltd., not prosecuted for violation of the
law when they swore in court that
they knew of more than one shot being
fired at a -timet
Why were the officials of the Western
Fuel company not prosecuted for violation of the law when they admitted
in court that they knew of-more than
one shot being fired at a time when two
men met their death in Protection
Why were the officials of the Pacific
Coast Coal company at South Wellington not prosecuted for violation of the
law when they Bent men into places
where there was no timber and the men
were fined for not having their timbers
handy enough to the facef
Companies and Mining Aet
The Coal Mining Regulations Act is
very specific on these points and these
questions corroborate the contention
of the miners' organization that there
are no1 coal companies on the face of
the earth who show such a flagrant disregard for the law aB the companies on
Vancouver Island. Imagine the futility
of an agreement such as the one'; that
new exists at the Weitern Fuety company. A grievance committee is paid
by the company to come to the company office once a month to discuss the
frievances of the miners. I have no
oubt that the company appreciate any
efforts put forth by these men too increase the company's profits. As a
general rule good business does not pay
its men to assist to reduce its profits,
and in my opinion if these men were insisting upon the enforcement of the law
the Western Fuel company profits
would be reduced about fifty per cent.
Facts of Previous Disasters.
I appeal to the general public to
consider very carefully these facts relative to recent disasters which the miners of British Columbia have had to
contend with. Some yeara ago thirty-,
three lives were snuffed out at Extension mines, and citizens of Nanaimo at
public meetings' verbally charged the
inspector of mines with manslaughter.
Then comes the Diamond Vale colliery
explosion at Merritt, B. C, in which
seven men's lives were sacrificed. The
coroner's inquest laid the blame at the
door of the department of mines, and
a government inquiry was held, but we
heard no more about it, and if anybody
was prosecuted for violation of the law
it must have been secret prosecution.
Then came the "B. North" explosion
at Coal Creek, wherein one life was
lost. The government inquiry into this
disaster, was held some months ago,
and so far we have had no report of
same, and in my opinion if the man
who conducted that inquiry would
speak truthfully he would admit that
he is waiting for instructions from
the minister of mines as to what kind
of report he shall issue. Next comes
the South Wellington disaster in which
nineteen men were drowned like rats
in a hole and the disclosures relative
to that affair should prohibit chief inspector of mines, Thomas Graham, and
inspector John Newton from having
anything to do in connection with con-
Vancouver—Offlce    and    Chapel,
1034 Granville St., Phone Sey. 8486.
North   Vanoouver — Offloe  ana
Chapel, 122—Sixth St. West, Phone
ducting1 any inquiry on behalf of the
Inspectors Unfitted to Act.
They should also be disqualified from
acting in their present capacity in the
mining department. Lastly comes the
Reserve shaft explosion in which twenty two lives are snuffed out, and unless
there is enough pressure brought-to bear
upon the minister of mines' department, these two men .will represent the
mining department, on behalf of the
general publie, at the inquest which ia
to be held in Nanaimo, on Friday,
June the 4th, 1915. In view of the
fact that Attorney-General Bowser has
stated that Mr. Justice Murphy will
conduct the inquiry re the South Wellington disaster, and taking it for granted that Mr.* Justice Murphy is not a
practical miner, we are confronted1 with
these facts that these inspectors will
be the only practical miners there who
will be allowed to cross examine witnesses.
Jostles To Justice Murphy. '
I do not wish it to bo conveyed that
I am attempting to cast any aspersion
upon the ability of Ur. Justice Murphy
but rather to convey the fact that he
will give a fair and impartial verdict
according to the evidence produced at
the inquiry. But I do contend that if
these inspectors are the only practical
miners who are allowed to ask questions
from the witnesses, that many questions
of vital importance will be left unasked, and it may be the means of defeating the aims of justice in placing the
blame on the responsible parties.
Minors Fear Victimisation.
Then again the question arises who is
going to supply the names of the men
to give evidence relative to this disaster? I know that at a public inquiry
everyone who has worked in that mine
has the right to give evidence if he bo
desires, but again the question of victimization iB confronting the miners
and I doubt very much if any man will
appear unless he iB supoeaned to attend
the court and who will be the men to
give these names to the Judge.. I am
confident he does not know the names
of the men who worked, in these places,
but I presume it will be the companies
officials and the inspectors of mines
that will supply the names. ,
Concluding Considerations..
In conclusion, permit me to ask the
organized labor movement and all qfher
honorable citizens of the province of
British Columbia, to endorse the following resolution and to immediately forward same to the minister of mines
department, at Victoria, B. C.
Endorse This Resolution.
"Whereas, we believe that the minister of mines department wants to have
fair and impartial inquiry into the
causes of the | recent disasters on Vancouver Island, and whereas, we believe
that the disclosures brought out at the
coroner'8 inquest in Nanaimo re the
South Wellington disaster absolutely
disqualify chief inspector of mines,
Mr. Thomas Graham and inspector John
Newton from taking any part in conducting the affairs of the public in
these matters.
Therefore be it resolved that we urgently request the Hon. W. Jfi Bowser,
Attorney-General, acting minister of
mines, to appoint one man from the
miners' organization and one from the
coal companies to assist Mr. Justice
Murphy in conducting these inquiries
In order that the blame shall be placed
upon tbe responsible parties. And be
it further resolved thut we consider any
other kind of inquiry into these affaire
would be an injustice to the citizens of
the province of British Columbia."
Yours very truly,
Organizer District No. 28 U.M.W. of A.
Refined Serrice
On. Blook west ot Court House.
Uie ot Modern  Chapel  end
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymour 3426
Phone: Fairmont 110
Patterson* Chandler
Manufacturers of
Vault*, Curbing, Etc.
Offlee and Works:
Cor. 16th Ave. and Main Bt,
Branoh Olllce: 40th A Fraser Aves.
(Continued from page one.)
Your home decanter should be filled
with "B.C. Special." One trial will
convince. For sole at all leading retail
liquor stores.
doners! Federation of Trade Unions on
Becent Charges Against Workmen.
The quarterly report of the General
Federation of Trade Unions in Great
Britain has thia to say in th'e foreword
by W. A. Appleton, the secretary of
the management committee, upon the
subject of workmen charged with insobriety and other intemperances:
"During the quarter under review
the whoie labor movement has been bitterly assailed and grossly slandered by
persons who, having no knowledge of
methods of production or of working-
class lives and methods of thought,
have sought to place upon the trade
union movement the responsibility for
any failure or remissness in the supply
of munitions of war.
. The hostile critics have assumed that,
because one or two men here and there
played the fool and discredited themselves, the whole movement suffered
from similar vices. They have talked
round this assumption on every possible
occasion, and have sought ta use the
extraordinary circumstances of the moment to secure legislation which, whatever its aim, must have the effect of
further restraining individual liborty.
With tho lessons of the past in their
minds trade unionists should be very
careful about accepting legislation
which, while ostensibly declared to be
in the interests of morality, is actually
endnngoring the interests of tho individual. If Groat Britain is to succoed
her people must be freo to think for
themselves, and to act upon their own
initiative oven in matters of personal
port a busy month. Unemployment in
this heading is considerably reduced
since last report. In furniture trades
conditions generally are better than
last reported. Labor is in fair demand
in cabinet making branches, but conditions are.bad in wood-turning, machining and polishing branches, and bedding makers. In latter branches however, improvement is looked for shortly.
Saw milling industry reports conditions
"bad" and part time is being worked
extensively.     . -
Bricks and Jewelry.
There is more unemployment in the
briokmaking than last reported, and
there will be no better prospects till
winter is over. Generally this trade ia
working i days a week' to try and take
in unemployment. In the brick-carting
section there is considerable number of
men out of work, and many are going
to the war as drivers in gun-corps and
army medical corps. Jewelry industry
is bad; tallow and boiling down works
shew some Improvement; and there is
considerable unemployment among
wnter-front .workers and longshoremen,
OoTsrnment Public Works.
This item is a large one with the
N.S. Wales government and reports are
highly satisfactory, inasmuch as men
have been increased to 5 days a week
instead of 4 days aa before. Matters,
however, look brighter for government
workers, as tlie N.S. Wales government
-has announced that it will put 80,000,*
000 dollars, worth of work in hand In
a couple of months time, such as large
railways in tht country, Sydney suburban railway, and Sydney under-ground
railway. This will call for many men
—it is asserted that 20,000 men will be
needed for the work when it gets a fair
start. I will keep you posted as regards
this work later on.When it comes along,
we 'will have a boom time, as general
works all round of a private nature
will go ahead at a lightning speed. It
is said on good authority that within
a year, N.8. Wales will be one of the
busiest spots south of the line, as much
capital is being held up by private firms
waiting the government workB as
above to get started.
Metalliferous Mining Black.
Silver mines report 2,200 men working full time, 2,300 on part time and
4,500 out of work altogether. As last
stated matters here are in a bad way,
owing to the fact that Germany was the
largest buyer of dur silver oxides and
other metals from Broken Bill. The
government however is doing the best
it can for the men. In other trades at
Broken Hill, as apart from the silver
mine industry, though depending on
them in an indirect way there are 540
on part time and 1,650 out of work altogether. Added to this must be noted
that since last August over 6,300 people
have left Broken Hill owing to loss ot
work, with the closing of the mines.
Ooal Mining Also Bad.
Matters are very bad in Newcastle
mining district just at present, and it
iB likely thnt the government will have
to start relief works for the men. Since
the last coal strike has been won and
the men have gone back to work at the
five mines on Btrike, it has had the
effect of displacing others and several
thousands of miners are out of work.
Matters do not seem to look any too
bright for the future, owing to the fact
that large contracts that usually went
to this field have been secured by east*
ern U. S. A. fields, such as Alabama
nnd Virginia—since Panama cut has
been opened. We used to do a- large
trade with the west coast of South America, but the eastern Btotes seem to
have got this, owing to being able to
place coal cheaper on the west coast
than we can. In other directions in
Newcastle there is also considerable unemployment.
General Situation Bummed Vp,
In New South Wales, as a result of
exhaustive enquiries, I find that there
are at last reports 41,600 men on part
time and 5,840 out of work altogether.
Matters would have been much worse,
except for the fact' that 21,300 have
gone to the war from all trades. Matters are looking better, since when last
reported, we had 11,050 completely out
of work, we now have but half that
amount out of work.
I will issue my next authentic report
to   British   Columbia   readers   in
month's time from now.
Women Are Enlisting
Mors Art Needed to Uee
Congress Committee Meets.
The central labor Tradea and Labor
Congress of Canada convention ci
mittee held a meeting in Labor Temple
on Wednesday evening, to hear reports
of sub-committees. The next meeting
will tako place on Wednesday evening,
June 16th, at 7 o'clock.
Drink "B.C. Special'
tasteful after effects.
and avoid dis-
Whenever you enn consistently do so,
when you require anything you see advertised in The Foderationist, bo sure
and explain that you saw his ad. in The
Federationist, nnd that it was because
of that that ho is patronized. Don't
forget this. ***
Miners Should Be Careful of Pretentious Mining Oo. Operating at Pitt Lake
"Millions In Copper Are Beady In
Viking I " runs a scare-line head ' in
Tuesday morning's issue of The Sun,
and then follows a half-column boost
of ull the wonderful things a new manager, in the person of Mr, James Mali
colm, is doing and about to do with the
Viking mine, at/Pitt Lake. While the
namo of the company itself is not mentioned on thiB occasion many victims of
the same outfit will remember that last
year more than a dozen employees suffered a Iosb in wages ranging up to $100
npiece, amounts still unpaid and no evident chance of collection. Lest the
same form of swindle may be attempted
again this year, under a new guise, The
Federationist desires to warn prospective miners to be on the lookout.
Brotherhood of Msn.
Total Stranger—Pardon me, sir, if I
take the liborty of removing that
blonde hair from your shoulder. I was
once caused considerable annoyanco by
just such a trifle.
"Percy struck Harold with the sugar
tongs at the club lawst night."
"Oh, very. Both were under the influence of Btrong tea."
(Northwestern League, 1915)
June 7,8,9.10,
11 and 12
-   Ths advance agent of
forms a doner union of Home, Business and Friends
Business    or   Residential   Telephones
will bt Installed upon payment of
|6,00 Rental ln Advance
For particulars call Seymour 6070
Contract Department
Royal Crown Naptha Soap
Tbonsinds of women sre nuklnc making easier hy letUnj EOTAL CBOWV
NAPTHA SOAP do Uu tnd put ot —i
wsihlni for them. Try a eeke aad jron
williose no time enlisUnf.   '
Fine for Autumn 25c< d02t
Seedsmen, Florists and Nurserymen
High Class Dental Services at
very Moderate Prices
BBIDOE WORK, psr Tooth       ...... ...'   MO
PEBFEOT FfTtlNO PLATES.      10.00
ENAMEL nmNQB  ......   .....     8.00
Diseases ot the runs, including Pyorrhea, succsssfnllr treated.
All work guaranteed.
Phons Se-rmonr 3331 Offlcs:   101 Bsnk ot Ottawa BnUdlOf
«02 Hsstings Street West
from $3.50 up
To England Under Neutral Flag
American Line from New York-Liverpool
Pint   *nr AA        Large fast American Steamers nnder Amerienn nag;
Clui  <pS5.U0 "Philadelphia" ..' June 8th
-Second *-- *A C   V   "Bt Lon"" JUM UU-
Clui   f55.0U |J    ||    "St. Poul" June 19th
--j. W' "New York"  June 26th
ciui $40.00 *••*■•weeltly *beresftOT-
Company's Offioes: 619 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WN.
Office Furniture
Less Than Wholesale
Hastings Furniture Co., Ltd., 41 Hastings St West
We ue miking a Olearaooo of
all present stock ot Offlce Furniture.
Oome early and mak* yonr
HOTEL REGENT Absolutely Fireproof.   Loul end Low-Lll.tance
nUlBJUIU-iUIim  Phon, to Ever/Heom.Cefe In Connection. Rates
11.00 per day up.   Attractive Rates to Permanent Quests.
OotUafUm * Beatty, Pr.prt.ta. in Hut
You Can Save Money
Tango Street Car Tickets
8 *%r 25 Cents
32 Bides at 32 Hides on Your Saving On
A 6 Cent Fare Tango Tickets $1 Investment
$1.60    $1.00     60c.
Tango Tickets Are Now On Sale
Tbey are sold My conductors on the cars, at tbe B.O. Electric Salesrooms,
Carrall and Hastings streets and 1138 Oranvllle street; tbe Company's
Interurban Terminals at Hastings and Carrall streets and south end of
Oranvllle street bridge; Depotmoster's Offlce at Main and Prior streets;
Mount Pleasant Oar Barn, Main street and Thirteenth avenue, and at the
places of business of the following firms throughout the city:
Woodward's   Dept.   Stars*    (Drug
Dept.) Abbott Street Corner.
Spencer's  Dipt.    Store    (Cashier's
office, Information Bureau and Exchange Deika), near Ri-^ierds.
Wood's Pharmacy— Seymour Street
Campbell's Pharimcy — Granville
Street corner.
Owl Smitten—Main Street corner.
Harrlionri Drag Store—Near Car-
rail street
Browne    ft    Beaton,     Druggists,
Pender atreet corner.
Law's   Drugstore — Harris streot
Owl Drugstore — Abbott tftroet
Owl   Drugstore — Dtnlovy street
(English Bay)
Torrance Drugstore — Davie street
Hudson's Bay Oo. All departmenta
Otuirgfi street corner.
Gordon  Drysdale's   (Notion    Coun-
lor)   in-nr Dunimtiir.
Owl Drugstore — Dunsmuir street.
Harrison's    Drugstore —   Itobson
t-treet corner,
Brown* ft Beaton, druggists, Davie
Ntreet corner.
Fill Box Drugstore — Nelson street
Law's Drugstore — Davlo    atreet
corner r
Harrison's     Drugstore — Pender
street corner.
Harrison's   Drugstore — Oranvllle
ntreet   and   Seventh  avenue.
Lew's Drugstore — Near Broadway
Campbell's Drugstore — Broadway
snd Commercial Drive.
Mitchell's  Confectionery-— Georgia
street entrance.
Carrall and Hastings Sts. 1138 Granville St
Near Davie PAGE POUR
JUNE 4, 191)
May Suit Sale Now On
Our entire stock is
selling at about
Regular Selling Prices
$22.50 Suits for $11.98
$27.50 Suits for $14.98
$32.50 Suits for $19.98
\_        _) u_____a  itra     nmcuti twe^Tiwin wmwinsm  t.   t    y^maW ]
-a "Pioneer*
tent always
comes inhandy
Camping, boating, ash J nt, mountaineering, any out-door sport or work,
a "Pioneer" tent la Juat the thing.
"Pioneer" tents are made strong ud
durable. Write or phone TODAY for
no. 1 Catalogue of all camp supplies.
C. H. JONES & SON, Ltd.
110 Alexander Street Phone Seymour 740
Canvas Goods of Every Description
Be sure and place your TEA order to-day with
your Grocer for
==T BAS=:
40, 50, 60 cents per pound
"Things Cooked as You Like Them"
110 Cordova Street, Weat, 3 blocks east of C. P. B. Station.
Take home one'of onr Chicken Loaves—half 75c, whole $1.50.
Trays delivered to all parts of ,the city at any hour.
OPEN ALL NIGHT. Phone Seymour 3316.
E, B. Perry P. L. "Wood
Nicholson's Gin
is perfectly pure and palatable
101 Hastings Street East
—as the only all-union hotel df its kind in Vancouver, has been designated as
The Finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars sold at
buffet, with courteous Union mixologists to serve
JOHN L. SULLIVAN, Proprietor.
Phone: Seymour 3380.
Mass Meeting of Men Held
At Midnight Last
Company Invites Employees
To Discuss Further -
Pioneer Division 101 have received
official notifloation from the B; C. Elec
trie Bailway company that the present
agreement to which they are a party
terminated on tho 30th inst.
A mass meeting was called at mid*
night Saturday 28th ulto, nnd was
largely atonded by the street railway
men of tho nbovo division. Much enthusiasm and a solid front being shown,
An appointment was made, or rather
an invitation was extended by the offi*
cials of tho B. C. Electric Bailway oompany to discuses further arrangements
on the 4th inst. to representatives qf
Victoria, Westminster and Vancouver
locals, who will be there o. t.
New Jitney Regulations.
Since we do not know at time oi
writing, what effect the insurance bylaws will have on the number of "jitneys" running we "cannot say how
many will continue to provide the
means of transportation for some of
our friends. We Bay friends advisedly.
If a strain of sarcasm is noticeable so
much the better.
One thing the "jitneys" have surely
done, they have revealed "friends"
nnd enemies alike. We have carefully
noted and know them. In many cases
Perchance the aforementioned gentry
were but showing their hostility end
demonstrating their independence
against our employers and1 not us as
slaves. However, w*? are educated and
will wait events. God we ha paid the
price. But of this tempera mutnntur,
nos et mutamur in illis.
Unionists Who Use Jitneys.
The "Jitneys" were a temporary
proposition.. They interfered with our
jobs. This may be of no particular in*
terest to the general public, but it
should be of grave interest to the gen-
ornl labor movement here. There iB
never a let up in the beseeching of other trades for us to buy the union labelled goods. Our secretary's correspondence file is aho full of it. Trades
unionists engaged in manufacturing
union labelled wares cannot appeal to
non-union men to support them in employment. We observe the union label and we observe all of the traditions of a labor movement to assist
those of other crafts en the movement.
When we Bee barbers, bartenders,
letter carriers, typographical men, and
a host of other tradesmen with union
cards in their pockets patronizing "jitney " busses, we wonder what their conception of duty is in best serving their
own interest.
Basing the statement upon the principles of trades unionism there is not a
trade unionist in Vancouver who has
any more right to ride a "jitney'' bus
than'I have to wear a scab uniform,
buy scab tobacco, or patronize a scab
barber shop, or an academy (with apologies to art; that teaches tonsorial deft-
If the trade union movement of Van
couver will carry out the-principles bf
trade unionism, the "jitney," insurance
or no insurance, will not threaten us
with a reduction of wage as waB for-
caeted in your editorial recently.
Cut out the use of the auto-busses
and leave us to handle the bosses. If
wo need you in our business we will
surely make it known. Meantime help
those who help you.
Carmen's Wagea and Jitneys.
Begular men have been relegated to
the extra list and the extra men thrust
further beck than they were three years
ago with the consequent loss of many
dollars , making it a pointed personal
issue. Some are worse off than the
unemployed, as they pay $1.00 a month
union dues, living with that confidence
and courage that Sir Kichord McBride
would have  'em.
The time is propitious and favorable
to Bay that it may be up to us to,ep*
point committees to visit every tradeB
union in the city and not wholly rely
upon enthusing the labor movement
through the delegates of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor council.
I hope to see the officers of our local
go the limit in protesting our jobs
against this non-union scab means of
transportation. Providing the "jitney"" insurance by-law does'nt do it
before hand.
T. C.
American Socialist Writer Says It Benefits Labor.
[By Carl D. Thompson.]
Public ownership universally results
in improved conditions of labor. The
change from private ownership to publie ownership of public utilities wherever it has occurred has resulted immediately and progressively in better
wages, shorter hours and improved conditions for labor.'
Examples, ln Practice.
For'example: New Zealand, after establishing the government ownership of
railroads, has steadily raised the wages
of the employees since 1896, amounting
in some cases to as much as 60 per
cent. "(Story of New Zealand," Parsons.) Switzerland, upon taking over
her railways, raised the wages 15 per
cent. (" Beilways, TruBts and the People," p. 365.) The overage wages in
Germany under government ■ ownership
are $45 per year higher than in England under private ownership.
Working Hours Less.
Similarly as to hours of labor. Only
after strenuous struggles on the part
of Borne progressive lenders in congress
did we llnally secure a federal low
limiting tho hours of railway employees
to sixteen hours per flay on our railways here in the United States. In
Italy, on the government roads, ten
hours iB the limit; in Switzerland eight;
in South Wales eight; in Prussia, elevon
for general employees, for switchmen
eight, and engineers ten. One may almost say that the eight-hour day is being established ^everywhere under government ownership, for it has already
come in -many departments (in all departments in some countries), and the
tendency everywhere is in that direction.
Other improvements in labor conditions secured as a direct result of public ownership are more rest days and
vacations;'better' accident insurance,
sick benefits, and**especially old-age pensions. -
In New Zealand the govornment
builds houses and rents them to Ub employees,' while in Prussia the government has built more than 40,800 houses
which it rents .to its employees at re*
duced rates, thus helping them to keep
down the high cost of living.
It is clear end undeniable, therefore,
that public ownership improves forila*
bor. It is not enough to argue that
wages are lower in Prussia than in America, for that is not the question. The
question is does the worker get better
wages in Prussia under public than
they did under private ownership?
And the answer is—he does.
(Continued from page 1)
Many Producers Signify Intention to
Take Stalls on Saturday,
June 5th.
Opening day at the City Market to*
morrow will be something new in the
life of that institution, for the Indications which have come to Manager
Harry A. Edgett are that practically
every line of market produce will be
represented in the .stalls and the stalls
will be occupied by the farmers themselves.
Since the new management took office
farmers in the Fraser Vnlley and in
other producing quarters hnve taken a
new interest in tho market, as can be
assumed from the number of enquiries
reaching Mr. Edgett. Farmers from
Mission, Cloverdale, Chilliwack, Ladner
and various other point* intimate that
they will be on hand with produce. A
few of the lines of produco that will be
for sale as outlined by Manager Edgftt
are: Meat, fish, butter, eggs, honey,
home-made marmalade, candy and salad
dressing, smoked and cured fish, plants
and nursery stock.   .
"We want 5,000 people here tomorrow," said Mr. Edgett to .The Federationist yesterday. "We are offering
inducements to the farmers to come
here in person and ihe Vancouver public should show their appreciation - by
patronizing them."
Omar Khayyam To Data.
"A Book of   Verses   underneath the
"B.C. Special,"a Loaf of Bread
Beside me singing in the Wilderness-
Oh, Wilderness were Paradise enow I"
Mechanics for Britain.
Mr. Oeo. N. Barnes, labor member
in tbe British parliament, and Mr. W,
Wyndham, representing the British
Board of Trade, who "uive been sent to
Canada to secure skilled mechanics for
the British ammunition, factories, are
expected to reach Vancouver on June
21. For the paat week they have been
in Ottawa.
Printers and
Bev. Speight to Deliver Series of Addresses During This Month.
"Peace as well as war requires preparation. It requires more preparation,
because behind the forces working for
war stands the great organized mechanism of states, and peace can only be
secured by a resolute, voluntary and
continued effort of the people. If but
one tithe of the disinterested devotion,
brain power and prodigal expenditure
of energy and wealth utilized in the
perfecting and accumulation of engines
of human destruction bad been contributed during the past few years to the
removal of the causeB which were
hurrying Europe into the catastrophe,
an informed and enlightened public
opinion would have prevented its occurrence. Shall wo not take a lesson
from the bitter paat and the no less
bitter present. "—Rev. Harold Speight,
M. A., Victoria, B. C.
The Rev. Speight will deliver four
special addresses in the Unitarian
church, Vancouver, as follows:
June 6—"Origins of the War."     •
'Juno 13—"Democrncy and Diplo
June 20—"Profits and Patriotism."
June 27—"Tho Aim: Balanco of
Power or Federation of Europe."
Service nt 11:00 a. m. Visitors) are
asked to be present from the commence
ment of tho service. A Victoria unionist ond ronder of The Federationist
writes thnt 'the snme addresses delivered in Victoria were well worth
Distinguished Member of I. T, U. Returns East via Canadian Rockies.
Cornelius Ford, public printer of the
government printing offlce of the United
States of America, and Daniel V. Chlsholm, superintendent of the same office,
spent a day in Vancouver during this
week. After visiting several cities en
route from Washington, D.C, to Los
Angeles and San Francisco, where they
took in the Fair, the distinguished
member of the I.T.U. renched Vancouver on Monday evening'b Seottle
boot and left for St. Paul via the C.P.
R. on Tuesday afternoon. President
Pettipiece and Secretary Neelands "of
No. 220, made good ubo of the opportunity to show the visitors the natural
beauties of Stanley Park, Marine Drive
and other attractions so characteristic
of Vancouvor. It was their first visit
to the Canadian West and they both
expressed themselves as amazed1 at the
wonderful growth of such n young city
and country. .They were looking forward expectantly to their trip through
the Cnnndinn Rockies, In the opinion
of Messrs. tyrd and Chisholm the Canadian building at the Fair wns one of the
best attractions on the groundH, and
their opinion of the Canadians' boosting qualities was rather flattering.
ering consequent on the injury, the expenses of the medical treatment, the
loss of 45 per cent of his wages during
the time incapacitated, if over 'two
weeks, and also the burden of going
through life maimed or disfigured, and
the employers bear the payment of 55
per cent of the wages that would
be otherwise lost to the worker. This iB
surely a very one-Bided division of the
Farther Exemptions.
Besides the exemptions of outworkers
and casual laborers, from the provisions of the act, there ore further exemptions, the men and women engaged
in the distribution of commodities, outside of railroad workerB, are practically shut out, and it is doubtful if women workers are included in the act at
all, ob in the interpretation of the term
'' Workman'' thore is no mention of female labor,
Another forge section of the workers,
the Longshoremen, are also evidently
unprovided for, as they are .not mentioned in Schedule 1 or Schedule 2. .
Evidently, recognizing that the majority of those injured in the following
of industrial occupations, woro excluded
from part one of the act, the framer
of the act inserted what is known as
Part Two. This is supposed to deal with
the old practice of the Common Law in
compensation coses, and deals with contributory negligence, as regarding accidents that are not provided for in
part one of the act, presumably the
exemptions that have been already mentioned, .   -
And Mr. Bowser, speaking at Victoria,
said: Contributory negligence on the
part of the workman, will upt hereafter
bar his recovery of damages, but will,
however, be taken into consideration in
the  assessment of damages,"
Any one, being at all conversant with
the contributory negligence clause will,
however, know how this workB. Itisan
easy matter for the- employer to find
some hook to hang the fault upon and
in this case it would be upon the injured, as it would be cheaplr for the
employer and this is the clause that
practically all compensation cases have
been fought upon in this province under
the 6ld act, and should be eliminated
in any act that is supposed to provide
The Saskatchewan Act passed in the
year 1910, provides that Compensation
shall be, paid, whether or. no tho injured workman was a party to the accident by his contributory negligence or
not. And while this clause in part two,
may seem to be a forward step, it will
only make for more litigation in cases
where the accident does not come under
part one of, the act, as lawyers will
have some show of getting something-
for their trouble, even though tho fact
is proved that there wbb contributory
Crow's Nest Situation Requires Federal
Oovernment Attention.
At the meeting of the newly elected
executive of District 18, United Mine
Workers of America—in the 'Crow'B
Nest Valley—it was decided-to relieve
some of the most urgent cases by distributing tho sum of $7,500. The board
realized tho hopelessness of attempting
to establish any thoroughly adequate
scheme, and1 sent the following message
to Premier Borden in Ottawa:
"R. L, Borden, Premier, Ottawa.
"The unemployed question in EnBt-
ern British Columbia and Alberta, is
n matter-with, which we, theiexecutive
board of District IS, U. M. W. of A.
has been seriously concerned, especially
in view of .the fact that the coal miners
represent the large majority*, of workers in the localities under our jurisdiction, we would respectfully state
that we have > from timo to time received promises from the provincial! governments that they would cope with
the situation, but nothing practical has
been accomplished. We aro firmly of
the opinion thnt your government
should take such steps that will at least
meet the urgency of the situation,
A. J. CARTER, Secrotary.
Ex-Offlcer Sick,
' The many friends of W. B. Prescott,
ex-president of the International Typographical union, and a former resident
of Toronto, will learn with regret that
he has beon laid low with a paralytic
stroke in Chicago, and now lies at
death's door, his physicians holding out
no hope whntever for his recovery.*
Lecturing Against Prohibition.
Alf.'Budden, for sometime the official
organizer and lecturer for the Socialist Party of Canada, in the province of
Alborta, is now engaged in lecturing
on behalf of the anti-prohibition movement in that province.
Two Days "Dropped
Prices" in Groceries at
Friday and Saturday
SUGAB—Large 18-lb sack B. C.
with $5.00 order other groceries,
only 4*1.00.
.Five Roses, Robin Hood, Royal
Household, Seal of Alborta; 49-
lb. sack.     Only delivered .with
other groceries  $1.05
Egg Sale—Genuine locals (or 30c.
doien, 3 doien for 85c.
26c. Cheese, per lb. .  20c.
Canned Vegetables,.. 3 for 25c.
25c. Canned Salmon .., 10c,
40c. Fancy Creamery Butter, 31bs
for   »1,00
Strawberries, 3 large boxes, locals   25c,
TEA—Celebrated    Edgett  40 c.
value; only ...,25c.
COFFEE—Mocha and Jova, 40c.
seller; fresh ground, only lb. 25c-
Dal Monte   Celebrated   Canned
Fruits, 35c. values for ......25c
Polish—The celebrated PoliBhine,
25c cans, special, 3 for 25c
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 for ... ,25c
Pork tnd Beans (Helntt) ... ,10c
These Prices for Friday and
Saturday Only
118 Hastings St West
"Fleet-Foot" Outing Shoes for
The Whole Fanjily
best quality, with stout, nobby tread rubber soles. They are specially
reinforced and give greater wearing satisfaction than any other rubber
outing shoe we taunt. ,
"infants', sizes 2 to 7 .55c.        -65c.
Children's, sizes 8 to 10 ...1 65c. 75c,
Youths'and Misses, sizes 11 to 13 75c. 85c.
Boys.',; sizes 1 to 5  .85c. 05c.
Women's, sizes.3 to 7 85c.        $1.00
Men's, sizes 6 to 12 .95c.        $1.25
WHITE YACHTINO AND TENNIS SHOES—Nobby tread soles, reinforced white bleached soles and uppers with leather insoles.
Low High
Youths' and1 Misses ...$1.15        $1.25
Boys' $1.25        $1.35
Women's $1.25        $1.85
Men's' $1.35        $1.45
WOMEN'S TANGO TENNIS SHOES—^.ow pump style, latest and nobbiest shoe for outing wear; extra heavy reinforced rubber sole with
spring heel, leather insole and tailored silk bow to finish; white blenched' Sea Island Duck.   Sises 2 to 7.   Price  $1.85
MEN'S WHITE CANVAS OXFORDS with rubber soles and low spring
heels, suitable for business, sports or outing wear, $2.45.   Boots, $2.85
—First Floor, East Wing
David Spencer Limited
Just a whisper off Granville, 704 Robson Street
Harry Beckner.   Ervin Swltzer.    Phona Sey. 3343.  VANOOUVER, B.O.
i  . TRY IT
Consumers Buy Direct
from Producers
Inaugurating Farmer's Day at
The Vancouver City Market
Main Street Bridge
Saturday June 5th
Fresh and Cured Meats,  Fresh and Cured Fish,
Dressed and Live Poultry,  Butter,  Eggs,
Honey, Fruits, Vegetables, and
Produce of all ltjinds on Sale.
by the Producers direct to
Buy direct from first Land
10 Cent Cakes
Sey. 7495
eaa supply all yout Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
'   Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.


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