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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 12, 1914

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:       jfJTH.
SIXTH YEAf
*N
A J-
166.
OFFICUL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 12, 1914. EIGHT PAGES
tt
PPUTJCAL UNITY;  VICTtSBTI
("cl&W") $1.50 PER Y1AR
<v
J. B. Osborne to Reach Vancouver Early Next
Week
Next Friday Evening, June
19th, Probable Date,
Labor Temple
This Agency for Five Years
Has Preyed on This
Province
1
GET THEIR FEET IN
!
John Kenneth Turner in
the Appeal to Reason
Exposes the Gang
i
J. B. Osborne, "the blind orator,"
and well known to Vancouver wage-
workers, will arrive bere early next
week, having addressed a series of
mass meetings between here and
Winnipeg. Mr. Osborne has consented to address at least one meeting under the auspices ot Vancouver
Trades and Labor council, and the
parliamentary committee will so recommend to the central labor body at
next meeting. The date fixed for the
Labor Temple meeting is next Friday,
June 19th, and if agreed to by the
oouncll erery unionist in Vancouver
Bhould be present, Mr. Osborne's subject will be "The Philosophy of
Trades Unionism." Of his recent
meeting In Calgary, under the auspices of the Trades and Labor counoll, the News-Telegram says:
A clear and conolse account of the
development of tradeB unionism, its
limitations and advantages, together
with a brief outline Ot what steps the
workerB should take to free themselves from their bondage to the capitalist clasB, wsb the feature of an able
address delivered by J. B. Osborne,
the blind orator of Oakland, Cal., at
the Labor Temple Sunday afternoon.
Mr. Osborne started by saying that
the changes In the form of the trades
union movement were, caused by
changes in the modes of, production.
Modern trades unionism developed
out of the class conditions where one
class owned the machinery of production and the other class only
worked for wages.        '
The old guild system differed from
modern tradeB unionism. Members
and apprentices could and did own
tools and thereby controlled and
,owned the product. Because the
movement was a menace to the nobility lt was outlawed. The guild system was the precursor ot the manufacturers' association. The modern
wage earning clasB owns no tools. In
the United States during tbe last 100
years slave labor, Indentured and contract labor, had been transformed Into
wage labor,
Growth of Unionism
Trade unionist organisations originated naturally out of modern capitalist production, and without the present system the trade union movement
of today could not have existed.
"The pioneers of trades unionism,"
he declared, "dimly discerned this distinction between employer and employee, resulting ln a class distinction. This led them to organise by
trades. As capitalism widened its
Bcope of operation, bo trades unionism
became national and international.
Changes in trades unionism have always followed changes In the capitalist
method of production. Concentration
of capitalist production will Inevitably
lead to concentrated activity among
wage earners."
There were serious limitations to
the trade union movement. This was
■common to all movements. Every form
of organization, whether the state, the
socialist movement, or trade unions
had limitations. The tradeB union
movement grew out ot what was conceived to be immediate necessity. The
workers had only one commodity—labor power—to sell, and they believed
that collectively a better bargain
could be struck than by individual
action.
a Economic Factors
Unions had done good work for
wage earners. Organized labor had
wrought benefits through Its power
of concerted effort. But while this
had been recognized it waB nevertheless true that the two prime factors
In reducing hours and Increasing
wages were (1) Increased productivity of the capitalist system. We produced so much wealth that the old
hours and wages would glut the market more chronically than now. (2)
The standard of productive efficiency.
Old conditions could not maintain
necessary vitality of workers required
by keyed up spirit of modern industry.
Nevertheless the trades union movement had compelled recognition of
the workers' demands earlier than
otherwise would have been the case.
The price ot labor power could not
be controlled even by 100 per cent,
organization. ,lt was controlled by
the law which governed all commodities. In order to attempt to regulate
prices commercial men organized and
sometimes destroyed commodities,
but in the long run these proved artificial Interferences. The law of commodities was that the cost of production determines their price.
Conditions Worse
"Taking all things Into considers-
Hon," continued the Bpeaker, "the experience of the trades union movement does not Justify the Idea that
prloeB of labor can be controlled by
workers along that line. Today the
,workerB receive a smaller relative
'portion of product than ever before.
This is the inevitable result of the
present system. Insecurity, of employment is now greater than ever.
Living is more precarious to-day. This
is proved by all statistics.
One thing standing in the way of
the workerB securing a Just portion
ot product Is Ignorance. The workers
have the power If only they underttand their true relation to society—
the experience of organized labor at
Vancouver Island, Calumet, West Virginia and Colorado teaching that the
[overning power Ib ln the hands ot
he master class—the plant being
iwned by the boss he repudiated the
nterforence of organized workerB.
"The law 1b the pleasure of the
nine, mill and shop owner. - These
>:
VICTORIA, B.C., June 10.—An interesting series of articles Ib running
in the Appeal to Reason, by John
Kenneth Turner, exposing that gang
of, criminal Inventors known as the
Plnkerton National Detective agency.
W|hlle these exposures are going on,
It might be well to study their tactics
in this country.   This is, of course, a
difficult task, as their ways are dark
and mysteriouB.   It is evident never
theless, that   this   characteristic ln
them is realized by the authorities,
that Ib, if the records as published by
the government are any criterion. The
public accounts of the province, so
often the prey of Parker Williams,
when in the house, contains very interesting information along this line.
From these accounts   one   will discover that this agency haB tor theBe
last fire years   been   taking lotions
from the fountain   head   ot   public
funds of the province, aB the following will indicate:
Publlo accounts (1909)—
Page 79—To Plnkerton National Detective agency, for special operator, $66.
Page 82—To Plnkerton National Detective agency,   for   fares,   meals, etc.,
1202.80.
Public accounts (1910)—
Page 116—To Plnkerton National Detective Agency, for special constables,
•3,746.60.
Page 119—To Plnkerton National Detective agency, for fares, meals, etc..
11,914.53.
Publlo accounts (1911)—
Page 92—To Pinkerton National Detective agency, for services of operators,
•1,969.85.
Page 96—To Pinkerton National Detective  agency,   for  meals,  fares,   etc,
11782.95.   v
Publlo accounts (1912)—
Page 97—To Pinkerton National Detective agency, for services of operators,
•2,451.
Page 101—To Plnkerton National De-
'     teotive agency, for fares, meals, etc.,
•1,253.66.
Page 106—To Plnkerton National Detective agency, for services of opcra-
ators, fll.8E.
Publlo accounts (1913)—
Page 114—To Plnkerton National Detective agency, for services of operators,  »1,145.
Page 121—To Plnkerton\Natlonal Do-
teatlve agency, for fares, meals, etc.,
••58.66.
Making a total of $14,152.69 paid to this
agency In Ave years. .
In addition to these amounts paid
to this concern, there is another Item
ln the accounts of 1913, page 114, For
special constables, re I. W. W. strike,
$7,639.40. How muoh of this went
to theBe crime inventors is not stated.
It goes to show that even the Pink-
ertons refuse to recognize any International boundary lines. At all events
they prosper ln this prosperous country, while the workers starve. The
authorities prevented Joseph Ettor
from entering the province some time
back, also a Chinese organizer for the
U. M. W. of A., and were trying to
stop "Mother Jones" from coming
over, but when It comes to admitting
"scum" such as the Plnkertons usually are, they not only open the doors
of the country to them, but also the
doors of the provincial treasury. Next
time a strike breaks out In this
province, the conservative press will
clamor for the exclusion of these agitators ot violence.
The money spent by the attorney-
general's department in this way will
be money well spent, so far as the
department Ib concerned. The crime
that already exists in the province
will spread like a forest fire with the
Plnkertons on the provincial government payroll. 'As the Plnkertons increase, the crime increases. As the
crime Increases the army of ever-
benevolent lawyers Increase and the
"law society" gets the benefit The
law society having secured recognition from the attorney-general's department, can rest assured that they
will have steady employment out of
the clients created by the Plnkerton
Detective agency.—J. L. M.
NEW EXECUTIVE
MEMBERS OF THE
FEDERATION OF UABOR
At the time the carpenters'
union In Vancouver withdrew
from the Trades and Labor
council, they also withdrew
from the, B. C. Federation of
Labor. Two members of the
executive bf the Federation—
H. McEwen and O. Hardy—belonged to the Vancouver carpenters, and are thus relieved
of their offices on the Federation executive. these vacancies have now been filled by
the balance of the executive
electing successors for the retired members as is the custom
under the circumstances, ,Jns.
H. McVety has been elected a
vice-president of the Federation In place o' H. McEwen,
and O. H. Fraser, of Nelson, In
place of O. Hardy. The new
members were notified by President Watchman of their election and assumed office this
week. »
OF
Two Hundred Miners Are
Now Arrested and
Jailed
Chief Murderer  J. Ohase
Ready to Sill But
Not To Reason
Standard Oil Recently Concluded a Contract with
the Oovernment
Chinese Are Profiting by
Examples Set by the
Foreigners
i
DENVER, Colo., May 6.—(Special)
—The State of Colorado has finally
decided to reward the hired assassins
of the operators for their "splendid"
work as militiamen in murdering and
cremating nineteen men, women and
children at Ludlow, Col., April 20th.
Tho state auditing board met yesterday and showed that Its nfembers
wero traitors to the Btate when tbey
approved the imported murderers'
bills for "services" to the state. Two
members had moral principle enough
to vote against the plan.
Eighty numbers ot the United "Mine
Workers and sympathizers were arrested and Jailed In Fremont county
this week, some for the notorious
crime of being friends of the miners,
and others because they were guilty
of the equally grave offense of defending their homes against the murderous attacks of Colorado's national
guard. Two hundred miners have
been arrested as a result of the two
weeks' war—no other arrests have
been made.    t
John Chase!, adjutant general of
Colorado's uniformed murderers, is
continuing his revival meetings for
tbe citizens' alliance. The operators
seem to like his services. Now that
he can no longer serve tbem by using the mllltla as scab herders and
gun men they have employed him as
an evangelist
John R. Lawson, International
board member of the United Mine
Workers, addressed a letter to Chase
telling htm he believed it the duty of
both sides to fully Inform the public
of real facts in the coal strike so that
they could decide for themselves who
was at fault. Lawson suggested that
Chase meet him at the Auditorium to
give theBe facts, and of course Chase
deolined.
''The Ludlow Massacre," by Walter
H. Fink, publicity agent of the mln
ers, and which is tbe flrst authentic
and detail story of the slaughter as
well as the strike for the past thirty
years, came off the press this week.
Miss Hattle McCurdy, who Is a
missionary at Honan, China, sees how
modern commercialism educates the
Chinaman even faster than the Christian religion. She is a daughter of
Professor F. J. MeCurdy, ot Toronto
university, aiid is working as a mis'
ionary under the American Presbyterian hoard. She says!' "China is being
exploited by business firms of the
west The Standard Oil company has
recently concluded a contract with
the government Our eggs are rising
in price beoause the albumen from
the eggs is being sent to France for
manufacturing purposes. Id theBe
things the foreigner gets the best of
it every time, and the Chinese who
have capital are profiting by their
example, I do not mean that we can
teach them dishonesty. They are
away ahead of us there. But we are
giving them new methods of practising tt. An English firm is getting
game—mostly wild ducks—by methods that mean extermination if allowed to go on—methods that would
not be tolerated at the present day in
any western country. Politically, the
nations, having done their best to
hinder China from really governing
herself, will soon be ln a position to
say, 'I told you bo.' The worst of It
is the summary execution of so many
who dare to raise a protesting voice*
in any word of criticism of Peking.
It Is a time of very great difficulty for
the student body of China, and those
who have heen Influenced by Christianity and by western education. The
path between foolhardlness in expressing their convictions and true courage, Is a very narrow one, and the
temptation to work in ways that are
not above board enormous. In Honan
the missionary body, especially the
Y. M. C. A., are under temptation too,
for it is hard to see their Chinese
friends- killed for speaking their
minds and do nothing to save them.
How far may we mix ln lt without Imperiling our cause out here?"
MILITIA  ONLY  EMPLOYED
Drill Hall Job To Be Ressrved For
Mllltla Carpenters -
The dominion government Ib building a new drill hall on 15th street,
North Vancouver. The contract price
tor the Job 1b $60,000. The contract
ors are Messrs. Campbell & Wllkle.
The latter, Interviewed last Wednesday morning by Business Agent H.
J, McEwen, of the carpenters' union,
Bald that union carpenters were not
required on the Job at present. The
work Ib to be done by the carpenters
of the looal mllltla engineers, most
of whom are stated not to be working. The union rate ot wages, $4.25,
would, however, be paid. That Ib
obligatory on the contractors because
It Ib the rate specified ln the official
schedule of wages issued by the government for the Job and signed by the
contracting firm. In closing the In'
tervlew, Mr. Wllkle said that If more
men were needed when all the
mllltla carpenters were employed he
would nave ho objection to union
men,
Bartenders' Picnic
The picnic of the local bartenders
and their friends at a point on the
north arm of Burrard Inlet Sunday
promises to be a very enjoyable affair. The start will be made from the
ferry wharf nt 10 a.m. Those having
the affair ln charge have arranged a
varied programme of events, and
have done a lot of hard work toward
making the picnic a success.
CONQRESS OFFICERS
WILL COVER  FIELD
FROM EAST TO WE8T
Fred. Bancroft, vice-president
of the Trades and Lahor Congress of Canada, will likely
come to British Columbia on an
organizing tour for the congress about tbe end of July;
President J. C. Watters will go
Into the eastern portion ot the
dominion on similar work at
the end of this month. This
will be the first ..visit of Vice-
president Bancroft to the Pacific coast He is at present
busy in the east In connection
with the new workmen's compensation aot of Ontario which
he has worked so hard to place
on the statute books.    "
WORKSTOSUPPORT
I'
Pitiful Recital Before Commission on Industrial
Relations
I'lTHER"
All LABOR
TEMPLE
Venerable  Lady  Receives
An Ovation From the
Audience
In a Graphic Address She
Told the Story of
the Miners
In
.New .York .City—She
Earns Sixty Cents
a Day
COOES ANDWAITERS
Hold Their Annual Election
. of Officers
Last Friday, June 5, was election
day for Vancouver Cooks and Waiters' union, No. 28, the polls being
open in the secretary's office at Lahor
Temple from 9 a.m. till 9 p.m. The
vote ln a number of Instances vas
very close, the president ln particular
only getting ln by one vote. The
result follows:
For preaident—I. W. Browne 31,
Arthur SymondB 14, H. T. Forshee 30.
For vice-president—Dave Bell 26,
Jno. Cummlngs 33, B. H. Howard 15.
For business agent—W. E. Walker
51, 1. W. Browne 28.
For recording secretary—Thos. O.
Crombie 52, Bert Jamleson 22.
For treasurer—Chas. Davis (acclamation).
For inspector—Chas. J. Hassell (acclamation).
For inside guard—Jack Forbes 37,
Jno, Cummlngs 27.
For executive board—Herb Forshee
46, Jno. Hansell 42, Chas. Davis 45,
Dave Bell 43, Mark Foster 30, Jjio.
Cummlngs 47,1. W. Browne 42, James
Graham 32.
For delegates to tradeB and labor
council—W. E. Walker 64, Thos. O.
Crombie 58, Jno, Cummlngs 55, E. H.
Howard 52, Ernest (Allen 51, I. W.
Browns 48.
For local Joint executive board-
Jno. Cummlngs 51, Dave Bell 4,4, C.
Davis 44, Jno. Hansell 24, Chas.' J.
Hassell 36.
A New York dispatch says that Mrs,
Mary Minora, a finisher on trousers,
who will he fifteen years old on Sep-'
tember 4, appeared last Saturday with
her six-months' old baby before the
United States commission oo Industrial relations ln the city hall and
told ot conditions in. her home. She
said she lived With her father, mother,
brother and husband at 240 Mulberry
Btreet Her husband and her father
have been out of work for nine
months and the family has heen dependent on her and her mother. About
sixty cents a day is earned by the
witness and seventy or eighty cents
by her mother by working as finishers
from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. The witness
Bald she had been doing this work
since she was ten yean old but that
she had not heen able to earn so much
since her baby was horn.
Tha Coming Congress
The annual convention ot the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
which convenes In St. John, N.B., this
year, Ib now only some three months
away. The trades unionists of the
maritime provinces expect It to be one
of the largest and most successful yet
held. The local committee in charge
has worked hard to get things ln
shape. Since the meeting of the congress in Halifax when lt last met in
the extreme east, the International
trades union movement has made Immense headway in the maritime provinces, and every effort is being put
forth to ensure a bumper delegation
from that section upon this occasion,
Indeed, it may be said that the advance, of unionism down by the sea
' has been phenomenal during the past
j two or three years, and if the pace set
1 is maintained, It will not be long before the east Is as well organized as
the west. For this good work no small
measure of praise Is due the trades
and labor congress itself, and it la
expected that the meeting In September will give an added impulse to the
movement'in the eastern provinces.
There is a strong and growing sentiment in the east that the 1915 convention should be held in Vancouver,
B. C.      ,
Ottawa laborltes propose to have
oamuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, give
the Labor Day oration In the capital.
The "Risks" of Wealth-producers
In a blasting accident at tho Oold
Drop mine, Phoenix, last week, Edoff
Johnson was killed outright and Jas.
i,ogan received   Injuries from which
he may not recover.
rttfW^Mas
Native   Labor   Is   Being
Rapidly Displaced by
-   Undesirable Class
Politicians of Both Parties
Turn Deaf Ear to
People's Protests
men have law, police and military at
their command to enforce the protection rights of private property. The
boss Ib able to silence the voice of labor by control of the powers of physical might. The peculiar thing Is that
the workers give the capitalists this
power.
"There are two ways for workerB
getting power. First, by getting a
bigger armed force than capitalism.
This Is a mad dream. Political power
must be conquered by working class
power. The trades union movement
will finally discover the need of political organization for ihe purpose of
making political conquest and establishing collective ownership and democratic control ot Industry."
PAGEANTS,
POLITICS
AND
POVERTY
THE PAGEANT WHICH is being held
in the city to-day it supposed to represent, in allegorical fashion, the history
and industry of the Pacific coait of Canada.
It il a modern adaptation of the old mediaeval
pageant and tournament to
the requirement! of bankrupt grocers and real estate
agenti. It is like applying
a galvanic battery to the feet
of a corpse to make it smile long enough to
penuade the undertaker that he has come too
early. While this circus is posing through the
(tracts, the real pageant, the pageant of the
poverty and unemployment of the workers, will
be hiding itl misery and destitution from th:
eyes of the vacuous mob, behind itl domestic
doori. The history of Europe is bad enough,
but time hai tempered it with that* picturesque
romance which begets more charitable judgment. But the history and super-commercialization of British Columbia is the last word in
the way of thingi that are vulgar and venal.
The lumber interests of the province are making
a very pretentious display of that industry in
the procession. If it were an honest and truthful exhibition of the working-class conditions of
the industry, it would ihow that throughout all
the proceisei of manufacture, from the time the
fallen tree enters the mill until it panes out as
finished lumber, it is handled almost solely by
Asiatic labor. It would alto ihow the lumbermen's association on its knees to thfkity fathers
imploring them not to pass a resolimon forbidding the uie, for civic purpoiei, of lumber
manufactured by Asiatic labor. It would also
depict the federal and provincial governments
giving the Eiquimalt and Nanaimo railway,
along with $750,000 cash, and 1,900,000
acres of land to Robt. Dummuir. And the gift
of coal areas on Vancouver island to the same
individual-and his associates in order that they
dividual and his associates in order that they
might introduce the Chinese labor which, since
then, hai caused the accumulation of economic
iniquity which il ultimately responsible for the
biggest industrial trouble in Canada at the present time. It would also show the Japanese in
full control of the salmon fishing industry,
coup|ed with the civilizing effect of Chinese
servant! upon the domestic life of the richer
citizens. If it were a pageant truly descriptive
of the history, industry, and civic life of the province it would show all these things and many
more. But that is not the object. It is a
circus, organized for the purpose of amusing
the people, who are either too blind to see below the surface, or too idle to think out for
themielvei the truth which lies beneath all this
disgusting sham.
The big auditorium of the Labor
Temple was packed to overflowing on
Wednesday night to hear the venerable lady known throughout the continent as Mother Jones, who is 82 years
of age. When she was Introduced
to a most appreciative audience by
Preeldent Walker of the Trades and
Labor Council she was given an ovation. To say that she Is an orator is
only a mild way of applying that term.
Her address sparkled both with humor
and pathoeB. "The authorities of Colorado gave me a trial by jury beoause
I demanded it" she said. "The boys,
too, were brought from the bastile to
stand trial. There were lawyers from
Charlestown but not one of them were
required, because a drum-head jury
had been selected; but the strikers
made lt pretty hot for them. The trial
was a lesson ot human brutality. Uy
boys were taken to prison, and the
women and children cried and. screamed to see them. She telephoned to
Senator Kearns at Washington, "I
send you a message of the groans and
tears of the women and children. Will
you relieve them?" Under the lounge
in her prison cell were a couple of
beer bottles. She put the message In
one of them. A messenger carried the
bottles down the river tor a distance'
of three miles, and so the message
was telegraphed. The authorities are
at sea yet as to how the telegram got
to Washington In spite of the gunmen and detectives. Judge Qough
practically haB been dead forty years
so tar as having any knowledge of
human affairs are concerned. Ab soon
as agitators appear they are branded
as dangerous to the welfare ot the
community. There was peace In Palestine till Jesus arrived. There was
peace in Egypt till Moses became a
disturber. Just because "Old Mother
Jones" became a disturber in the mining camps the great military organization became active. When she went
Into Virginia, the governor of that
state, who was a progressive and belonged to the Bull Moose party, used
his power to crush the miners who
had been robbed and plundered for
twenty years. Ten yeara previous
men were brought from Greece and
Italy, and were placed in a state of
peonage and became virtual slaves of
the mine owners. Even the merchants
and others became moral cowards under the iron hands of their masters.
She received fifty or one hundred letters from her boys—the miners—when
a convention was called and the most
horrible tales were told of the sorrows and hardships suffered by the
miners, who organized and gave the
owners ten days to sign a new scale.
The miners got tents and put all thei.
belongings into them. Then they procured 28 wagons and all left the state.
The men and women walked, the children being carried. "Good God, Mother, we're so glad to get away," they
oaid. Everything they had on earth
they took along with them. The gunmen, with their machine guns were
prepared to slaughter them on the
spot. A man In overalls told Mother
Jones that the authorities were going
to murder the men at Trinidad. She
went out there and got trenches dug
to put the women and children in.
The sheriff notified the governor that
they did not want any gun-men. But
they came and at Forbes a man, with
his arms folded, was shot down ln
cold blood, likewise a little boy. The
government was too busy In caucus
to take notice ot such doings. 'These
gun-men tried to break through the
lines. "Yes, Btrlkes are dangerous,
but they are good things to settle,
these disturbances," said the speaker.
She went to El Paso and spent an
hour or two with General Villa In
order to break up the Btrike. A meeting was held and no Mexicans went
to Trinidad. Sho was there three
hours before being discovered and
wbb kept in prison nine weeks. "Won't
you go to Denver?" she was asked by
an officer of the law. She said No.
Habeas corpus proceedings were Instituted and Bhe became free. Again
she was arrested and kept In a cellar for 25 days where Bewer rats
abounded In plenty. She dlBorlbed In
vivid terms tho awful happenings nt
Ludlow. The nation was aroused, but
lt muBt pay the bill. Those people
who illed there did not dlo In vnln.
The fight will go on and on until the
people will be free. That to In the
civilized state of Colorado. There Is
no state on tho continent more corrupt politically. The speaker paid a
left-handed compliment to tho attorney-general for trying to keop her
from entering (he province, amidst
loud upplnuae.
The greatest peril that menacea
Canada today Is not the possibility of
Invasion by an armed foe, but tha unrestricted and directly encouraged Immigration of Illiterate hordes of oheap
workers from European countries,
where the standards of morals and
living fall far below the past Ideals
ot Canadian citizenship. This Is the
menace at our doors, the Menace, Indeed that threatens to lower our standards of living and our Ideals ot morality and conceptions of right and
wrong. It Is undeniable that crimes
of violence are rapidly on the increase. From one end of the dominion to the other comes the same
story ot thousands of unemployed In
what should be a busy season of tbe
year. Native Canadian labor Is being
rapidly displaced hy the inrush of an
undesirable class of uneducated and
cheap workers who are lowering the
standard of livelihood, and making
lt an even more serious question as
to how the native or English-speaking
workers are to earn a livelihood In -the
face of the slave labor that menaces
them. The politicians at Ottawa of
both the old . political partial have
turned a deaf ear to the protests and
importunities of the people. At a
time when existing conditions ahould
be causing them the most' serious eon-
cern, tbey resolutely close their eyes
and refuse to see the danger that confronts the nation and would fain remain Ignorant of the fact Aat a situation is being created that may eventually mean bloodshed and revolution
tn a country so splendidly endowed
hy the riches of nature. Unrestricted
immigration is the great menace that
looms so threateningly over the dominion today, and which is rapidly
creating on this side of the Atlantic
a state of society akin to that prevailing In many of the ill-governed
countries of Europe. It Is clearly impossible for things to go on as they
are developing at present. It Is nothing short of a national crime for
politicians of any party to allow such
a state of affairs to exist The Immigration question must be faced, and
tt Is up to the working classes themselves to assert their rlghta and demand In no uncertain terms that tha
present Insane and criminal policy
shall be discontinued. Wherever
slave labor and free labor comes into
competition, free labor Ib invariably
driven to the wall, and that Ib the
state of affairs prevailing in Canada
today, where the native workers are
rapidly being replaced hy a class with
lower standards of living, the serf
laborers of the European continent.
With thousands unemployed yet In
evidence tn the moat desirable season
ot the year, fresh thousands are being
encouraged to come In to make a tense
situation still worse.—Toronto Industrial Banner.
MASS MEETING
Of Carpenters Next Thursday Evening
J. Bltcon, secretary of the district
council of carpenters, Vancouver district, has sent out the following notice:
A mass meeting of carpenters will
be held in Room 401, Labor Temple,
on Thursday, June 18, at 8 p. m. Business: (1) To consider raising the Initiation fee from $6 to flO In this district. (2) Election of business agent
and delegates to the district counoll.
(3) To consider the advisability ot affiliating with labor representation
league. (4) To consider the question
of making a grant ot |2 from the initiation fee of all applicants taken In, to
the district council. (5) To consider
the advisability of afllllatlng with the
International Union of Woodworkers,
with headqnurters In Berlin, Germany. (0) To consider other Important business that may come before
the meeting.
OTTAWO MACHINISTS
President Watters on Board Secures
Agreement for Men
President J. C. WottorB of tho
Trades and Labor congress ot Canada,
recently repreaented tho machinists
employed at the atreet car works tn
Ottawa on a board of Inquiry which
has secured them a satisfactory
agreement.
By the terms of the agreement,
drafted by the board and signed by
both the men nnd the company, increases will bo given to a large number of men. Night shift rates aro Increased ten per cent, ovor day shift,
double time for Sundays, time and a
half for statutory holidays, time and
a half for overtime from five to twelve
and double time after midnight.     A
Body of Carpenter Found
What Is believed by friends to be
the body of ThomaB Grey, the B. C | .
E. R. carpenter who fell from tho Kit- s"°1' col"n"ttce will take up with tho
silano bridge into False Creek some! management any matters In dlsputo
weeks ago, was found last Saturday ,rom "m0 to tlm0,   T,1<> new n8reo-
underneath a boom of logs at the foot
of Laurel street. Evidently the body
bad been brought into the creek at
the time the logs were towed In. An
Inquest will be held at Armstrong &
Hotson's parlors,at 3 o'clock tomorrow afternoon.
Carpenters' Important Meeting
Local 617 of the carpenters will
meet In room 307, Labor Templo,
Monday evening next. This Is a
meeting of special Importance, Officers havo to bo elected and other
serious business transacted. All members are requested to make alfort to
be present when the meeting opens
at 7.30 p.m.
ment to a considerable Improvement
over previous conditions and President Watters has been thanked for
his work on the board.
Nanalmo Council Did Not See Joke
Nanalmo city council, at Its meeting Inst Tuesday evening, received a
letter from Now Westminster trades
and lnbor council. The letter condemned tho council for importing
mllltla and extra poll* for May 1st.
The city clerk was Instructed to
write back and say that Nanaimo
could manage Its own business without nny help from New Westminster
labor men. Mayor Planta did not
think any notice at all Bhould be taken of the letter. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY JUNE 12, 1914.
ROYAL CITY REVIEW
 EDITED BV H. OIBB, BOX »34, NEW   WESTMINSTER	
Westminster Trust, Limited
Cpital, »x,ooo,ooo.oo.
iubsortbsd, fBOi,ooo.oo
Btswv* ruut, «MO,00O.M
We have MONEY TO LOAN on improved property.
Estates managed tor out-of-town and city clients. Payments collected and forwarded or invested. We act as agents only tor the
purchase and sale of real estate.
Deposits accepted and Interest at 4% allowed on dally balance.
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES FOR RENT
Head Offlce:
Columbia and Begbie Street, New Westminster,
J. J. tonte, Kansflnr Diwctor <
Men who earn their living "by
the sweat of the brow" need something to keep their bodies supplied
with moisture. A little beer during the day is a real necessity with
the worklngman.
WINEWEISER
BEER
is popular with all classes.
Ask your dealer, or phone 75L.
WESTMINSTER BREWERY, NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
PHONE No. L-7B
A. E. SUCKLING & CO; VANCOUVER DISTRIBUTERS
. TRAD* UNION DIRECTORY
Allied Prlntini Tradu Council—F. R
Fleming, P. o. Box 16.
Baken—J. Black, Boom MO, Ulbor
Temple.
Barbtrs-C, F. Burkhart Room 101, Labor Temple.
Bartandera—Geo. W. Curnoch, Room
101, Labor Temple.
Blacksmiths — Malcolm Porter, View
Hill P. 0.
Bookbinders—Geo. Mowat SU Dunlevy
avenue.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, Hit Howe St
Brewery Workers—L. B. Day.
Brieklayera—William a Dagnall, Room
SIB, Labor Temple.
Brotherhood of Carpenten Dlstriot Counoll—Jas. Bltcon, Room 20», Labor
Temple,
Hod Carriers, Builders and Common Laborers—John Sully, Room 210, Labor
Temple.    .
Ctgarmakers—Robt J. Craig, ears Kurts
Cljar Factory, 72 Water Street
Cooks, Walton, Waitresses — W. E.
Walker, Boom 201, Labor Temple.
Electrical Worken (outside)—W. F,
Dunn, Room 207, Labor Temple.
Electrical Worken (Inside)—Room 207:
F. L. Estinghausen.
Engineers—E. Prendergaat, Room 210,
Labor Temple.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment Worker*—Mln McRae, Labor
Temple.
Glassworkers—Charles Roberts. Labor
Temple.
Groundmen's Union (I. B. E. W.)—R.
McBaln, oare of B. C. B. R.
Horeeshoen_— A.  C.   MacArthur,  City
Loco. Engineers—A. E. Solloway, 1011
Pacific.   Tel. Sey. 8071L.
Longshoremen—Geo. Thomas, 140 Alexander Street.
Machinists—J. H. MoVety. Room 211,
Labor Temple.
Miners, W. F. of M.—R. P. Pettlpleoe,
Room 217, Labor Temple,
Musicians—H. J. Brasnohl, Rooms 20-30,
Williams Bldg., 41S Oranvllle straet
Marbleworkers—Frank Hall, Janes Road,
Molders—D. Brown, ttt Broadway West
Moving Ptcture Operators—A. 0. Han-
'  sen, Room 100, Loo Building.
Photo  Engraven—A  Knft,  Dominion
Engraving Co., Empire Block.
Palntere-^J.   Train,   Room   803,   Labor
Tomple.
Plumbers—Room 211 Labor Temple.
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—John   Jamea   Cornish,   1101
Eleventh Ave. East.
Pattern Makers—Tom Smith, 141 Broadway west.
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, can
Columbia Hotel.
Railway Conductors—O. W. Hatch, 711
Beatty street.
Railroad Trainmen—A
Box 241.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,  420 Nelson
Street.
E.    McCorvillo,
Seamen's Union—Cor. Main and Hasting
Structural  Iron Worken—w.  L.  v„i,
Room 201, Labor Temple.
Heights, B.C.
Letterearrlei     "
. rlen-Robt. Wight District It.
Lathers—Victor R. Mldgley, Box 1044,
Loco.   Firemen   and   Engineers—James
Patrick, Ull Homer stnet.
btoneoutten—James Rayburn, P. O. Box
1047.
Sheet Metal WorkerB—H. C. Dougan, No.
1, Fifteenth Ave. West.
Straet Railway Employees—A. V, Lofting, 2111 Trinity Street
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, oan Province,
City.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 412.
Trades and Labor Council—Geo. Bartley,
Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical—H. Neelanda, Box 81,
Tailors—C. McDonald, Box COS.
Theatrical Stage Employees—Gordon
Martin, 117 Prior street
THelayem and Helpers—
UpholBterers—A. Duthle. 1012 Homer Bt.
FRASER FISHERMEN
IN
Stick to Original Position
and Refuse To Be
Misled
Resents Government Sticking to Orientals and
Want Preference
COTTON'S   WEEKLY — Beat
Socialist propaganda paper In
Canada.    Price  SO  cents  per
year; In clubs of four, SB cents
for 40 weeks.
Address, COWANSVILLH, F.Q.
ANNOUNCEMENT
Oustavus Myera, historian and
socialist, has added another Immensely valuable volume to bis
works ln
The History of
Canadian Wealth
JUST COMPLETED
There never has been a single
work ot any kind ln Canada giv-
Ing the real economic history of
Canada; not even a bourgeois
history. Therefore lt will he Invaluable to socialists and students.
Mr. Myers writes: "The history of the Canadian land grabs Is one
of the most gigantic ever seen. I spent nearly two years going over
official documents ln the archives, that tell an appalling story of the
way capitalism has run Canada.
'The book will detail how the great land, mines and other domains
were gobbled up by the financial powers. Some portions will be devoted especially to the Roman Catholic Church ln Canada.
What This Great Work Contains
347 PAGES
Blue Cloth Binding
Stamped in Gold
The Quest of Trade and New Sources of Wealth.
The Ecclesiastical and Feudal Lords
The Hudson's Bay Company
Wars on the Pur Traders and Companies
The Landed and Mercantile Oligarchy
The Landed Proprietors Revolt Against Feudalism
Sovereignty of ths Hudson's Bay Company
Passing of the Hudson's Bay Company's Sovereignty
Inception of the Railroad Power
B. c. "^ Flrat Period of Railway Promoters
Contest for the Pacific Railway
Era of Railway Magnates
Progress cf the Railway Lords
Extsnslon of Railway Possessions
Appropriation of Coal, Timber and
Other Lands
Distribution of Railway Subsidies
Federatlonist,
Room 217,
tabor Temple
Vancouver, B. C.
Enolosed find 11.60
for which please
innu   Myers' History
of Canadian Wealth
Address
NBWI WESTMINSTER, June 9.—
That there has beep a startling
change In the attitude of the Fraser
river fishermen was evidenced at the
meeting held on Saturday afternoon
last. Heretofore the fishermen have
been bickering and quarrelling about
up and down river privileges, the
lower drift men contending that the
upper drift men had the better
chance to make a stake, while the up
river men asserted that they had but
two or three days a week to flsh and
then there were no more fleh until
the sheltered Sunday came. After all
this squabbling lt was rather refreshing to see the solidarity of the fishermen at the meeting on Saturday afternoon last.
President W. E. Maiden reported
that he hud a conference with Col. J,
D. Taylor, M.P,, and Chief Fisheries
Inspector F. H. Cunningham, regard
ing the resolutions the fishermen had
adopted at their meeting on May 16,
which provided tor the prohibition ot
Asiatics above the Fraser river bridge
at New Westminster; limiting of
licenses on the Fraser to a number
to be agreed upon by the Interested
canneries and the fishermen's association, and the Issuance of licenses to
white and Indian fishermen for
month prior to their Issuance to any
other persons whatsoever.
Col. Taylor and Mr. F. H. Cunningham did not look with favor upon the
last two resolutions of the fishermen,
although the same had been adopted
In their entirety by several municipalities and also the city of New
Westminster, and they contended
that as long aB the Americans were
allowed to fleh so indiscriminately for
salmon in Puget. sound, it would be
unwise to limit the licenses on the
Fraser river. As the third clause, relative to the issuance of licenses to
whites and Indians for a month prior
to their Issuance to any other persons, is practically contingent upon
the second clause, this also was negatived hy the M.P., and the fisheries
Inspector.
After listening to the report of
their president the fishermen solidly
stuck to their original resolutions and
refused to abate their demands one
iota. It had been supposed that a
suggestion by Col. Taylor and Mr.
Cunningham that the fishing above
the Fraser river bridge be restricted
to bona fide residents for the entire
year, thuB giving the up-river residents the whip hand In the matter
there, would be agreeable to them,
but would be opposed by the downriver men. It shows a solid spirit of
fight when the up-river men refused
to accept the concession so willingly
granted by the downriver men, as
they want to hear their brunt of the
fight, and as George Browse, of Port
Haney, said, it was a privilege granted by the government, and the white
men should have some Bay as to whom
that privilege should he granted. The
executive was instructed to take the
matter up with the member and the
fisheries Inspector.
Street Rallwaymen's Union
NBW WESTMINSTER, June 10 —
Considerable satisfaction was expressed by the members of the Street
Railway Employees' union ln the
award handed down by the hoard of
conciliation ln the dispute between
the men and. the B. C. E, R. company. While the employees have
gained nothing new, the fact that
they had retained what had been
theirs' from the time the agreement
waB made was considered a little
more than had generally heen expected, especially in view ot the actions
of previous boards. The fact that
even the company's representative
had acquiesced to the stand taken by
the men on some of the matters In
dispute led tbe members to beliere
that their troubles were now at an
end as far as the Interpretation of the
agreement goes. Another fact which
gave considerable satisfaction was
the able manner tn which The Federatlonist had taken up the cause of the
union, and due oredlt was given to
the paper as being the only Journal
In British Columbia which had mentioned even the fact that any controversy existed betvaon the men and
the company.        W
The meeting was well attended, the
turnout of members being much
larger than usual. The report ot
Business Agent Yates showed a satisfactory condition of affairs except for
the general slackness of work which
continues In all departments,
IA communication from Vincent &
Mclnnes, carriage painters, complaining that two members of the union
were doing outside painting work
while working in the shops was referred to the executive committee for
investigation.
Bros. Wm. Patterson, Wm. Moodle
and John Geddes were elected as
delegates to the Trades and Labor
council In place of Delegates Kenyon
and Cameron.
Brothers McKlbben and R. Smyth
were reported on the sick list, but lt
was Bald their condition had Improved to Buch an extent that they
would be able to return to work In n
few days.
<Jomplalnt waa made thnt the post
ofllce authorities, Instead of delivering
the official journal of the order, The
Motorman and Conductor, to the addresses on the paper, sent them In
bundles to the depot, where most of
them were loBt. The matter was referred to the executive committee and
steps will be taken to remedy the
abuse If possible.
Lloyd    Oeorge   Confesses
Social Reform Is only
"trial to Stem Tide
People Educated To-day as
Their Masters were
Fifty Years Ago
In discussing the budget in the imperial house of commons recently,
Right Honorable Lloyd George confessed that the social reform of the
liberal party Is only an attempt to
stem the tide which is sweeping the
democracy towards socialism. Replying to criticisms from the torles, Mr.
George said he was not responsible
for the change in national finance. "It
Ib really a change ln the condition of
the oountry," he explained. "The
national finance is up again a new
world." And then he used these
words: "Gentlemen opposite forget
that the education acts of the last
forty years have effected an enormous
change ln the attitude of the people
towards governments. Unhealthy
houses and starving children were
thought ln the old days to be. dispensations of providence. The people
think so no longer. They are as educated today as their masters were
fifty years ago. They know, so far
from its being a divine decree, lt Ib,
on the contrary .the mismanagement
of men. They mean to demand
change and 'they are coming to this
house, which they command, realizing for the first time their power.
Gentlemen opposite think that rumors
of Insurrection are only to heard in
Ulster. They are mistaken. There
Ib a revolt surging up around them tn
thlB country amongst millions of men
against their conditions, and unless
the rich, the opulent people of this
country, are prepared ln time to make
sacrifices to lift their less favored
fellow citizens out of their wretchedness the day will come, and it will
come soon, hwen they will look back
with amazement and with regret to
the day when they protested against
the is. 4d. extra insurance against re
volution proposed by the govern
ment."
"Mother" Jones Pleads for
the Unification of
the Workers
Describes Recent Happen
ings in Labor World
of the U. S.
FATAL RUNNING BOARDS
Toronto Street   Rallwaymen   Protest
Against Death Traps
There was a large turnout of the
Toronto street railway employees at
the meeting on June 1st, says The
Banner. The question of the deadly
running board and side steps of the
open cars, was up, and caused some
pretty plain talk to be indulged in,
and lt was decided that an application be made to the Ontario railway
board for an order t» compel the Tor
onto street railway company to do
away, with these death traps, and the
result of the said application to be
reported back to the members at the
earliest possible'moment. The street
railway company claims to be very
anxious that the men shoull join the
"Safety First League," while they
themselves maintain one of the most
dangerous and out of date devices
known; there Ib no worse menace that
the street car operators and the .travelling public have to face than theBe
Bide steps on the open cars. Safety
first Bhould work both ways, and the
street railway corporaton should Itself set a good example,
During the present season, since
the open cars have been ln operation,
a number of bad accidents have already occurred, and many narrow es-
capes from death or serious Injury.
On May 24th, A. Duckworth was killed
by a fall from the side steps. The
fatality occurred on a piece of good
track. Thel danger is greatly Increased by running over the many
bad parts of the track which abound
on different sections of the system.
E. .Wtenzel, of the Lansdowne barn,
fell from the side steps of his car on
May 25th, and was taken to the general hospital, and has not yet returned
to work. S. Thomas, of Roncesvalles
barn, fell on May 27th, and was badly
bruised, and it will be some considerable time before he will be able to
operate his car again. J. H. Jones, of
King street barn, tell on May 29th,
sustaining a strained wrist, while his
face and hands were badly cut and
'skinned. It will be noted that all these
casualties occured within the space of
six days; one death and three men
seriously injured. Some idea ot the
harvest that may be reaped before
the warm weather Is over may be im
aglned.
VICTORIA, B. C, June 10.—On
Tuesday, June the 9th, Mother Jones
addressed a record meeting in Victoria. The meeting was held In the
temporary premises of the First Baptist church, the chair being occupied
by A. Watchman, president of the
B. C. Federation of Labor. The first
speaker was G. Pettigrew, international board member of the U, M. W.
ot A., who ln a short address gave the
salient features* of the miners' strike
on Vancouver Island. Then, amidst
a storm of applause, Mother Jones
arose to address the crowded audience. And well was it worth the efforts put, forth to hear this veteran of
a hundred fights, with a knowledge of
her subject, which could not be surpassed, she gave the history of the
recent happenings ot the labor world
ln the United States, and with lt the
outstanding brutal actions of the military in the different strikes which
have taken place during the last year
or two, and with that human touch
which is the keynote of her success
with the workers, she pleaded for the
unification of labor's forces. With all
the recent events at Ludlow firmly Impressed on her mind, she gave a
graphic picture of tbe horrors which
took place there under the protection
of the authorities, and one could almost see the scene, so vividly did
she portray them, of indescribable
atrocities. Her main appeal was to
the women, who were well represented at this meeting, telling them lt was
better to think of those who were
suffering around them, on the Industrial field, than to waste their time
ln working tor the heathen of foreign
countries. Again and again did she
appeal to the women to use their in-
nuence on the men, and especially on
the children, so that when their time
came to take their place in the world,
to struggle for the means of subsistence, that they would play their part
like men, and well might she ask for
the support of the women, tor with
women Uke Mother Jones, and men
with the same untiring energy, the
labor movement would go forward to
the goal we have in sight, the freeing
of humanity with greater momentum,
and with a final appeal to all to enter
the fight against capitalism, Mother
jones closed one of, if not the finest,
appeals to the labor movement ln
Victoria. One cannot but think that
the sight of this grand old lady at her
great age; spending her energy ln the
fight for labor will do much to shame
the young, people In the movement,
who by their apathetic attitude have
been a hindrance to the efforts put
forth by organized labor in this city.
CARPENTERS
General   Secretary   Duffy
Reports Activity
General Secretary Duffy, of the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners, announces the following
trade movements: Carpenters in St.
Catherines, Can., received an increase
ln wages of 3 cents per hour, effective July 1, 1914. Jackson, Mich., an
increase of 2 1-2 cents per hour, making the minimum wage ln that city.40
cents per hour. Unlontown, Pa., an increase from 40 to 45 cents per hour.
Strikes are under way in Cincinnati,
Ohio, (700 men involved), Troy, N.Y.;
and New Caatle, Pa., all ln a fair way
to settlement. Local unions were organized ln the following cities during
the month ot April: Denver, Colo,;
(Carriage, Auto and Wagon Makers),
Maiden, Mo.; Gridley, Cal.; Reeves,
111.; Winnipeg, Can.; Allentown, Pa.;
(mtllmen); Jerome, Ariz.; Wauchula,
Fla.; Cleveland, Ohio; (Hungarian),
and Dodge City, Knns.
MINARD'S LINIMENT CURES
COLDS, ETC.
Trade Disputes In April
The number of trade disputes reported to have been In existence
Canada during April was ten, two
more than in the preceding month,
and twenty-three less than during
April of last year. Thirteen firms
end 1,297 employees were Involved
in these disputes, four firms and 160
employees being Involved in the new
disputes of the month. During
Morch 1,448 employees were Involved
in trade disputes, nnd during April,
1913, the number Involved was 8,43o!
Look Out for Union Robber
Tho United Mine Workers of America request all labor unionists to
keep their eyes open for Henry Neville, ex-financial secretary and treasurer of local union, No. 934, U. M. W.
of A.,- disappeared on April 13, 1914]
with funds of above local union in his
possession to the amount of (11492.03.
Inoluded ln this amount was the sum
of $555.50 being the assessments
levied for the benefit of the Btrlking
copper miners of upper Michigan.
We appreciate your custom and try
to retain It. We expect every sale
we make to lay the foundation for
future business. Our idea of the
way to do this Is to give the best and
biggest value to be had, whether you
pay |15 or $25 for your Buit or overcoat. That we succeeded in giving
out patrons unusual value is evident.
Just compare our suits with those
Bold elsewhere. Nothing like them
anywhere at the same prices. In
Borne stores you'll have to pay 13 or
even $6 or more for the same quality.
Tho 8hop of Fashion-Craft. Thoa.
Foster A Co., Ltd., 614 Granville 8t.
PRES, J. SMITH RETIRE8
New Senior Officer to be Elected In
District 18
President John Smith, of District
18, United Mine Workers ot America,
has resigned. Nominations for his
successor are now being made and
the election will take place June 20th.
President Smith had been ln ofllce
just one year, having assumed his
duties June 1st, 1913. His resignation came as a great surprise to some
of the camps ot the district, which
covers the entire length of the Crow's
Nest Pass. President Smith had many
times stated that lt requested to resign at any time he would do bo, as he
considered the process of recalling an
officer far too tedious and clumsy.
Consequently, when Bellevue local union called for his resignation for what
they alleged was "general inefficiency," he resigned. Smith's Immediate predecessors in ofllce were Clem
Stubs and Wm. Powell. No news Is
yet to hand as to who is likely to be
nominated.
C. P, R, Shops Close
Last week the C. P. R. shops ln
Winnipeg were Bhut down from Wednesday evening to the following Tuesday morning. Upon starting up lt was
announced that until further orders
single men would be worked in relays,
two weeks on and two weeks oft.
Married men will be put on a forty-
hour per week schedule. A number
of men were laid off entirely until
things pick up again.
Immigrants During April
Immigration to Canada during April showed a decrease of 52 per cent,
as compared with April,, 1913.
The total immigration during the
month was 36,432, made up of 10,032
British. 11.748 American and 13,662
from all other countries.      .
The International Seamen's union
opened its annual convention at Boston, Mass., on Monday. There was a
large attendance of delegates.
THE POPULAR PRICED, EUROPEAN PLAN
HOTEL RITZ
VICTORIA, B.C.
FORT ST., AT DOUGLAS
RATES 75c, $1.00, $1.25, $1.50, $2.00
C. J. LOVEJOY, MGR. FREE AUTO BUS
BRITISH COLUMBIA LAND
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying,
Stock and Poultry.   British Columbia Grants Preemptions of 160 acres to Actual Settlers
FREE
TERMS—Residence on the
land for at least three years;
improvements to the extent
of $5 per acre; bringing under cultivation at least five
acres.	
For further information apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
|hat house
{won'tneed
Painting Again
ter another five
years.
Because it's just been
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the purest, most permanent and economical
paint on the  market.
Only pure white lead, pure linseed oil and
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Every portion of each ingredient is most
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PERFECT.
MADE1NB.C. BY THE
BRITISH AMERICA PAINT CO.
LIMITED
VICTORIA VANCOUVER
Superior
Printing I
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can supply all your Printing
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deliver when wanted. OFFICIAL PAPER VANCOUVER
TRADES AMD LABOR COUNCIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omcuL PAftRMmm cot.
UMNA RDOUTON OT LASOR
SIXTH YEAR.   No. 166.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 12, 1914.
EIGHT PAGES
('"c-SffiST ) 11.50 PES tKAX
REGULAR
$1.65 FOR
$1.20
REGULAR
$1.65 FOR
Here's a Great Big Bargain
For Readers of the Federationist
A 49-pound Sack of
our "SEALof QUALITY" FLOUR for..
The response that we had from our advertisement of
last week has prompted us to offer an even greater one
this weet—one that readers of The Federationist will
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bread flour on the' market, you get a flour that isn't
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to when you receive it. It's absolutely purity itself, clean,
nutritious, economical and wholesome. We sell it in
the regular way at $1.65 a sack. Readers of The Federationist can buy it this week only for $1.20.
BRING THIS AD. WITH YOU FOR YOU CAN'T GET
THI8 FLOUR AT THI8 PRICE WITHOUT IT
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER OF ORANVILLE AND GEORGIA
tr _^f stx°p °f
Knowing that the price
is so popular we place
great stress on our Fifteen Dollar Suits, and
we offer lines of suits
that we believe can not
be duplicated elsewhere
Thos. Foster
& Company Limited
=514=
Granville
Street
$15.00 Suits and Raincoats for $7.50
We nre doing more business this year than we did last by double.
We are not appealing to anybody to belp us out ot tlie hole. We
are not In the hole. We Invite comparison with any clothing sold In
any Btore at $15.00. We save you $7.50 on a suit or raincoat. Reason
—Out of the High Rent District.   Get wise; come and see.
LANG SALES CO.
626 MAIN STREET
J. LECKIE CO., LIMITED
SHOE
MANUFACTURERS
We manufacture every kind of
work shoe, and specialize in lines
'or miners, railroad construction,
ngging, etc.
VANCOUVER   -   -   B.C.
PARKER WILLIAMS ON THE PRESENT
POLITICAL SITUATION
The K. of P. hall. North Vancouver,
was well ailed last Sunday evening
with an attentive audience to hear
the address of Parker Williams,
M. L. A. for Newcastle, V.I. In commencing he said that he was going to
deal with provincial polities. There
were only two men ln the provincial
government — Attorney-general Bowser and Premier Sir Richard McBride
—who did things, their followers being passive incidentals When It came
to legislators and legislation, some
waxed fat off the latter. He (the
speaker) had been In the legislature
for eleven years, but did not get very
fat over it. There were enough people getting a living by their wits, and
he did not want to go Into competition with them. (Laughter.) One
purpose he had ln view was to try
to show what the conservative party
ln British Columbia really was. Its
dictator was courageous—a sort of
miniature edition ot Napoleon Bonaparte—and as a servant of the people
he had one department to direct,
which became a keyboard to manipulate all the other departments. "I
am a representative for one district,
and when I meet my constituents I
must do so ln the open," said Mr. Williams. "But when the attorney-general wants a meeting of his constituents
he calls a ward meeting and talks to
the faithful ln private. The next
morning the proceedings, though
somewhat colored, appear in the con'
servative press." By this and other
means the conservative party has
smashed.the Individuality of it's members. And now there Is
No One Left
to defend either Bowser and McBride, They realize this and are now
trying to push forward and make a
speaker out of a pigmy politician by
the name of Foster. "Ood help him
if I meet him on the platform," said
the speaker. "I will pay him four bits
a minute if he wtll meet me on the
public platform and discuss provincial
issues." (Applause.) At present he
is going around holding pink tea
meetings. There are only two members now -In the opposition ln the
house, and he (Williams) was the
only one left out of twenty who were
there eleven years ago. The Ave,
ten and fifteen cent conservative politicians will tell you anything to boost
their leaders—Bowser and McBride.
They will say that all progress made,
from the Panama to the northern
parts of Canada and between the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans, was due
to Sir Richard McBride. The noble
knight then must be asleep to let the
bottom drop out of things as has been
done. If McBride assumes the responsibility for all the commercial development that has taken place—but
the speaker did not think that he was
quite so simple—he wss something
different to being an honest man
(Applause.) In handling the affairs
of the province they must handle
them ln trust for the people. Just
look at the way ln which public
moneys were being handled as trust
funds! In the administration Of the
affairs of the people—if the theory of
trust holds good—It should be done In
the best interests of the majority of
the people of the province.
The Working Claas
The workingmen, small farmers and
other producers belong to the vast
majority, namely, the working class.
The cost of government during the
ten years of conservative rule has
been enormous. Ten years ago the
population was 198,000; now it Is
450,000. Ten years ago the cost of
administration was $3,500,000 a year;
now it Is over $18,000,000 annually—
so the cost of government has increased- over 500 per cent. The cost
per head should be less as population
Increases. Within a radius of Ave
miles of Vancouver one-half of the
population of British Columbia is located, and over three-fourths of the
population of the whole province was
living ln organized municipalities. Yet
It cost Ave times as much to run the
government today as lt did ten years
ago. With double the population it
required $40 to $45 per head for every
man, woman and child—Indian,
Chinese, Hindoo and Jap. In some
districts the settlers had to slash
roads for the children to go to school
—notwithstanding that some of the
most extravagant roads in the world
had been built by the province. The
government had built a winding road
on a mountain side ln order that automobiles could get to the top, so that
tourists might see if the snow there
In August was as cold as lt was In
January. Money could be found for
this extravagence, but the government could not afford to build trails
for school children so that they could
go to school without wet feet.
Bridle Trails
Vancouver island Is hardly
scratched, but hundreds of bridle
trails to the Ice and snow ln the
mountains In Stratheona park have
been made. For another rond near
*\ Hope six miles long, the government
paid $79,000. Of course it did not cost
that sum. Some good conservative
must have packed away a large am,
ount of that money. The government
claims that it calls for tenders for
public works and that the contract
Is always awarded to the lowest tender. But then a conservative can undercut the most economical contractor. For Instance, a contract was
awarded to build a bridge at Revelstoke for $45,000. In the end It cost
$96,000. It costs British Columbia
more than It does Ontario, with Its
population of over 2,000,000. for the
administration of provincial affairs.
There was a job at Victoria to in-
tpMiUtl.il
Whol. WhMt Bread
Cholct Family Ureal
Wadding ud Blrlhdsr Cakes.
w. Vs. Vain Tint.
BELYEA'S BAKERY
ALL KINDS OP
CAKES. PASTRY AND
CONFECTIONERY
Hot Drink, and Lunches
All Ooods Frwh Dally.
tes. aer. no4.
crease the ground space of the legislative buildings. A contract fo; the
excavation for same was. called for by
tender. Geo. A. Fraser, a former
member of the house, and a druggist,
was the . successful tenderer. The
other fellows who put In tenders had
full equipped plants. Fraser had no
equipment, but he got the job. On
the face of lt all lt looked queer.
After he had started on the job lt was
discovered that the black soil, which
had to be removed anyway was necessary for the government grounds.
He was ordered to put it In a
pile, and so he got Ave limes more
per yard than what the subcontract-
ors on railway construction for removing rock received.
Questionable Deals
This deal was In keeping with that
of Mr. Matson, the owner of the News-
Advertiser and two other provincial
newspapers. This gentleman stated
he worked ten months on negotiations
with the Songhees reservation Indians to acquire their property tor the
government—but it would have been
better had he said ten minutes Instead—and had received $75,000 for
tits labors. Another case the speaker had in mind was that of Messrs.
Alexander and Reld when they buncoed the Indians out of the Kltsilano
reserve. These worthies received
$40,000 each for two weeks' work. Are
they so far superior in their makeup
to you workingmen that they can
really earn that big amount of money
in two weeks when you cannot possibly make a similar amount in your lifetime. Last year Matson's three news-,
papers cleaned up $37,000 for printing. The conservatives have also tied
the country press to the tall of the
party kite. An evening paper had
been kept running for only five
months and received $8,000. Here
were cases where good conservatives
had been rewarded for their services.
All this Is so much for the record of
the public accounts, which have so far
received no audit. But in time there
may be an auditor general's report.
When Mr. Brewster was ln the house
he (Brewster) moved a resolution to
the effect that the committee on public accounts be given certain powers,
which was seconded by Mr. Williams.
The leader of the house from day to
day had this resolution put off until
the last day at 3 o'clock when the motion was passed.
Nothing Was Done
At precisely 4 o'clock the house
was prorogued. And when the. house
rose the committee was dissolved snd
nothing was done. Thus the laws are
manipulated to suit the exigencies of
a political machine. Mr. Williams
then dealt with at length the eases of
the striking miners of Vancouver
Island and explained where the attorney-general bad used bis position
to obtain jurymen to suit hts ends.
The speaker had been asked If he
were In favor of home rule for Ireland, and his reply was thst he would
like to see home rule ln British Co
lumbla. No one could find the earmarks of statesmanship on any leg's
lstion ever promulgated by the con
servative party at Victoria, let alone
the results of every-day business
methods. The executive council had
become the fighting ground of the
big capitalist in all his multifarious
schemes and at the same time the
creeping ground of those concerned
in small matters.
Three Pieces of Legislation
There were three pieces of legislation that stood out to the credit of
the premier and his colleagues, name
ly, the Umber act, the university act
and the railway act. These pieces of
legislation should be taken as origin'
ating with Premier McBride. Let us
see If the ear-marks of statesmanship
are on any of these pieces of legislation: Ten years ago, one square mile
of timber was held by tlmbermen on
an annual lease. Later, lt changed
that lt could he held for 16 years. The
timber Interests got busy and had the
act changed so that they could hold
a lease for 21 years. And, lastly, the
timber m'en came down again and' had
the law changed giving the ma perpetual lease. Last session an act was
passed setting forth timber dues, payable within 50 years. Not very long
ago Premier McBride boasted af having a surplus of nine million dollars.
Having surpluses always are taken br
a proof of sound business. In two
years the government got rid of this
vast amount, and now it has gone to
the pawnbroker and raised $7,500,000,
though It was empowered to raise the
sum of $10,000,000 to keep the conservatives in good humor. Posterity
must pay this loan because lt bad no
vote against the scheme. When the
time comes, nnd It will come before
the next 50 years have pussed, there
will be a change In these arrangements. (Applause.) The 'spoakor
tailed to see anything but a weak
government, always slinking ln the
presence of the timber and other big
Interests.
A University
Regarding the building of and establishing n provincial university In
British Columbia, Mr. Williams sold
that 99 per cent, of the children
dropped out before they had finished
the public school. There was only
one-third of one per cent, of school
children who went so far In the curriculum as to knock at tho door of
the university. The university was
the crowning cap or apex of the system of education, and very few boys
of workingmen could possibly be provided for In order to got there. There
are to be as much provincial values
spent on this university as thero will
be spent on 99 2-3 of all tho school
children of the province. There, nro
numbers of towns ln British Columbia
that nre paying eight per cent, for
money to run the schools. And that
expenses ln connection therewith nre
being chlsled off to the lowest figure,
because economy must bo practised
to the lowest limit. This oan only bo
done at the cost of Inefficiency. University Btudents as n rule range In
ages from 20 to 26 yeilrs, and tho boys
of working people cannot be packed
nlong by their parents to complete
tbelr studies with an ornamental education. (lApplause.) The speaker
then tool: up the question of Banator-
lums for the elimination of tho "white
plague." He said that thero were
over 400 victims who died of consumption or tuberculosis every year
In British Columbia. The doctors
said that the disease was due to lack
of proper and sufficient food and the
Need of Sanitation
Dr. Proctor, of the Tranqullle sanatorium had asked tbe government for
assistance, because the Institution
wns cramped tor money. Tbe place
was Ailed with patients, and room was
sorely needed for 40 more. The government could' not eome to its rescue,
but It could afford to spend $560,000
on a university for 200. students. After
a great deal of pressure Premier McBride consented to advance the paltry
sum of $10,000. In contrast, Mr. Williams cited tbe case of Col. Thompson, the gentleman who plans the
bridle trails In Stratheona park and
who receives $15,000. a year for his
work. The amount equivalent to eight
months of this man's salary tne government hesitated to provide for the
sanatorium established to fight the
dread disease of tuberculosis.
"First of all, let us wipe out the
great white plague," said "the speaker," even If we can only have a frame
shack for the unfortunates before we
spend hundreds of thousands of dollars on a university." (Applause.)
He was not opposed to the higher education, but he believed the greater
number should receive the first consideration of the government. The
railway proposals of the government
are a monument to Sir Richard. The
C. N. R. scheme was started by guaranteeing bonds on $35,000 a mile to
build a railroad to Yellow Head Pass,
In a printed public speech of Premier
McBride in 1910 he stated that fact
was definite. ■ In 1912 the premier
said that more money was required
to build tunnelB and other unforeseen
work. So $10,000,000 was voted to
the C. N. R. Again in 1914 $10,000 a
pile extra was asked for, which was
granted.
Mors Grants
At the time the opposition wanted
to know something about the details,
and was assured that if the grant was
passed a better road would be built.
It was contended by the speaker at
the time that the company were acting rather queer, and lt looked as If
there was something radically wrong
about the whole business. It trans
plred at Ottawa that the McKenzle
and Mann syndicate had some 28
subsidiary companies. It also came
out that hundreds and thousands of
workingmen had not received their
wages. The company estimated that
the cost of the road bed would be
$1.40 per cubic yard, and let the contract to one of Its subsidiaries for
$1.20, and this work was again sub'
let all the way down to 40 cents a
yard for rock, and those who did the
actual work got only 20 cents the
yard. That was the policy of the
Canadian Northern railway company.
At the time this concern was given
a further grant it was bankrupt.
Regarding the Canadian Collieries
ex Lieutenant governor Dunsmuir owned the coal fields on Vancouver Islsnd.
They were purchased for eleven millions of dollars, wblch wss the purchase price of* probably two mines,
covering one thousand acres ln area.
This proposition in turn was capitalised for fifteen millions. It was quite
evident that no returns could come
from them. The Investors became
restless. An explosion in the mines
or a strike must occur in order to
straighten out accounts. The speaker
thanked goodness that the explosion
did not take place.
Then a Strike
And so it was resolved by McKenzle
and Mann that a strike must take
place. So Sir Richard McBride, the
minister ot mines, refused absolutely
to call for an investigation. Mr. Williams then took up the whole history
of the strike on Vancouver Island and
explained to the satisfaction of the
audience that dlsplcable scheme, ln
which the honorable the premier was
a derelict in his duty for not settling
the same. He put the blame on the
gas committee. At the same time
Dunsmuir sold the mines for six millions. The purchasers manipulated
affairs and disposed of the Interests
for a larger amount. Bowser now
appears with his bragadoclo and says
that the government is secured lu Its
obligations to build the railroad, and
it necessary, will take them'over and
operate the same. First of all Napoleon must acquire ownership of the
terminals as well as the bridges, sixteen in number, on tbe line or construction to Fort George. And ln the
face of bis proposition the valiant
Bowser says, and with eighteen fag
ends of terminals already owned by
McKenzle and Mann to contend wltb,
that thu government Is guaranteed
with its legislation guaranteeing
$45,000 a mile. "When you sturt to
ropudlule national or provincial debts,
ladles and gentlemen, you will get no
more public money from tbe old country," said tbe speaker. Tho present
aggregation In power at Victoria were
misleading in their false promises
from start to finish, In the future It.
will not.be a healthy proposition to be
a conservative. From labor's standpoint the party's work, conducted by
Bowser nnd McBride, has been anything but satisfactory.
No Progress
There has been no material progress made during the past ten years,
all tho legislative work has been
meaningless. Mr. Williams then discussed und explained the report of
the labor commissioners and proved
that that document condemned lu no
modest terms the government ln being barefaced derelicts In its duties.
Lust winter thero appeared at Victoria a deputation from Vancouver,
that represented to tlie government
{thnt there were ten thousand men un-1
employed in tho terminal city. After
many days tho government replied;
thnt plenty of men would be omplowed i
on Iho Pacific Oreat Eastern railroad.
Nothing became of this overture. The
provincial government promised to
pay the Salvation army and the C. N. |
II. $2.80 to $,'1.50 for working men
dumped ln the city. And It.also j
passed an appropriation of $.",0,000 to i
encourage Immigration. Mr. Wll-1
Hams then dlscussod tho ethics nf i
socialism to the great interest of bis
hearers. Parker Willllams' discourse!
was that of an honest and enrnosl
man which uppenled to his audience,
and no great orator could excel him i
self better.
ENSURE SUMMER COMFORT
The housewife who has to depend on the ordinary coal or wood stove for cooking looks forward
to hot weather with little pleasure. These small
handy oil stoves are the solution of tBe problem pf
how td maintain a cool house and do the cooking
without discomfort. The running cost of ad Oil
stove i% only slightly greater than coal and wood
burning stoves, and the ease with which the oil stove
is controlled is a decidedly economical factor.
We have the best variety of oil stoves in the
vicinity, and many are inexpensive—
One-burner OH Stove  	
Two-burner Oil Stove   	
Three-burner Oh Stove  	
Four-burner, double stove ,	
...$ .75
... 1.10
... 1.36
... 2.25
PERFECTION OIL STOVE—
One burner	
Two burner 	
Three burner .	
OVENS tor using on these Stoves—
; Single oven 	
With glass door.:.
Double oven _.
...» 4.00
... 10.00
... 1240
.....12.25
With glass door...
"BOS" GASOLINE STOVES—
' Single burner	
Two burner	
j. 2.76
... 4.00
... 4.50
...$3.60
Three burner.
.4.50
. 5.60
CAMP STOVES
SHEET IRON STOVHB—Two holes, $2.00; four holes..$3.75
two-hole camp 8tovb with cast top.*  4.76
four-holbTcamp stove with"cast"top. .;.*: 6.00
four-hole heavy steel camp stove..-. 8.00
two-hole heavy steel camp stove 6.00
What Everybody Should Know
MEN'S NEW NOBBY SUITS ean be bought at BRUMMITT'8 from
110.00 up to $30.00 And they are worth more
HATS, bearing tbe union label, at $2.00, $240, $3.00.
SHOES, all makes and prices, hearing the label, at "live and let live
prices, $2.00 up to $6.00
CHIPPEWA SHOES at $7.00, $8.00 and $10.00
W. B. BRUMNHTT
18-20  CORDOVA  ST. W.
STOVES and RANGES
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleasant headquarters (or Carpenten' Tools ud all
kinds of Builders' and Contracton'. Supplies
W.R OWEN & MORRISON
Phone Fair. 447. 2337 Main Street
J. A FLETT, LIMITED
Phones Sey. 2327-2328
Hardware and
Sporting Goods
HI Hatting* St., W.
101-4 BANK OF OTTAWA BUILDING
602 Hsstings Street Weit
DR. BRETT ANDERSON, Dentist
Operates by the latest, most Ki'ena'Sc and painless methods
Specialist in Crown, Bridge, Plate aad Gold Inlay Work
HOURS 9 A. M. TO 6 P. M.
75 Per Cent, of your Summer Cooking can
he done with Electric Household Appli-
iiik'os just as well as with a kitchen range
and with much greater comfort and convenience.
Electric Household Appliances nre rendy for operation, day or night,
on nn Instant's attention to connecting the cord with the household
Bocket.
They can do everything In tho lino of light cooking, preparing tea or
coffee, making toast, preparing eggs, frying chops, etc. You don't
want heavy meals during the hot weather and the uppliances just
meet this demand and make It unnecessary to bave a hot fire going.
Electric Household Appliances cost only a few cents per hour of con>
tlnuous operation. To prepare an ordinary meal takes but a fraction
of an hour.   They are guaranteed by the manufacturers.
SEE OUR FULL LINE OF ELECTRICAL HOUSEHOLD
APPLIANCE8
Ctirsll and
Hilling, Street
B.C. ELECTRIC
mSGiunll.
Nut
usvilU St.   |
iDlri. A 1
PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY. JUNE 1!, 1J14.1
THE
MOLSONS
BANK
Capital and Reserve, .. M.700,000
II branches In Canada
A ItMral ba»klnf buliness trans-
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
East End Branch
IM HASTINOS STREET EAST
A. W. Jarvls, Manager
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED Ull
Paid-up Capital
Reserve 	
Total Assets • •
$ 11,100,00
12,W*,000
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DEPOSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
On* dollar will open
the account, and your
business will be welcome be It large or
■mall
FOURTEEN BRANCHES IN
VANCOUVER
THE
INCORPORATED
MSS
' BANK OF
TORONTO
Capital and Reaerve $11,171,17$
WAGE-EARNERS
keep your aavlnga In th* Bank
ef Toronto, and watch your depoelt* and lnt*r**t added by the
bank grow to a moat desirable
bank balance. The flnanolal
strength bf thl* long-uub-
llshsd, well-conducted Institution ensures aafcty far, your
money, and you will receive
every courtesy, and yeur account cartful attention.
Depoelt*
141.000.000
Main Office— '
4$$ HASTINGS ST. WEST
(Near Richards)
Branches—
Cor. Hasting* and Carrall Sts.
Ntw Westminster
VlotorU
Mtrrltt
Credit Foncier
FRANCO-CANADIAN
alONBY   TO   LOAN   ON   IH-
PROVBD    OITT    PROPERTY.
NOBROKERAfM.
Apply at Company's Office
$$7 HASTINOS ST. WEST,
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Traders Trust
company
LIMITED
Ht-IM ROGERS BUILDING
VANCOUVER B.C.
FIRE, UFE and ACCIDENT
INSURANCE
Four per cent. Interest
allowed on all deposits
in our savings department, subject to cheque.
Agreements For Sale purehaaod
Safe Deposit Vaults
$2.t0 a year
Guaranteed lnv**tm*nt of Fund*
for Client*
THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published svsry Friday morning by ths
B. C. Fsdtratlonlst, Ltd,
R. Farm. Pettlplece
J. W. Wilkinson
George Bartley    -
Managing Editor
Associate Editor
News Editor
Jas. Campbell, president: J. H. McVety, secretary-
treasurer: H. Glbb; O. J. Kelly
and R. P. Pettipiece
Office: Room 217, Labor Temple.
Tsl. Exchange Sey. 7495.
Advertising Manager
■ M. C. Shrader
SUBSCRIPTION
, In Vancouver city,
subscribing ln a body,
$1.50 per year; In Vanoouver city, 12.00; to unions
_.., ...._... ._ _ ........   11,00
Afflliated   with Western Labor Press Association
"Unity of Labor; the Hope of the World.'
FRIDAY JUNE 12, 1914.
MOTHER JONES has been, and gone,
despite the attempt made by the department of provincial police to prevent her
coming into Canada,   There can be very little
doubt who was responsible. It would be wasted
„..„„ lime to go any further than
JONES Attorney-general   Bowser  in
enters looking for the place whence
r an ana me 'n*truct>on came.   It was
CANADA rJWj   clum,y   pjKe   0f   purf.
ness. If he had wanted the old lady stopped
at the boundary he could have made request
direct to the officials without allowing his police
to be seen at all. But when the request was
made by them it left no doubt as to whence it
originated. Why should he want to keep
Mother Jones out? Was he scared of this old
lady of 82? She does not seem to have done
any damage, but she certainly gave great delight to the minera and their women folk, who
were thus enabled to hear her. The main thing
to be remembered about her coming is that if
there had been no organized labor movement
here she would have been kept out. It was
directly due to the quick action and the prestige of the trades and labor council of Vancouver that the federal immigration authorities at
Ottawa decided to over-ride Bowser in his
miserable effort to bully the old lady. Eternal
vigilance is the price which the labor movement
has to pay for the political stupidity1 of the
workera in sending men like Bowser to enforce
the law. 18
ELECTION
IN
DISTRICT 18
DISTRICT EIGHTEEN of the United
Mine Workers of America is situated
in the Crow's Nest Pass, which is partly
in British Columbia and partly in southern Alberta. The resignation of President J. Smith,
as announced in our news
columns, will require the
election of his successor. It
is stated that the reason for
his retirement is due to a
request to that effect from the Bellevue local
union, and in pursuance of the statement made
some time ago by President Smith that, if requested by any local to resign, he would do so
without putting the district to the expense and
deloy of recall proceedings. We have known
President Smith for some years, and hold him
in high esteem both for his personal qualities
and his staunch trade unionism. B«t we
think he has made a mistake in depriving the
district of a president with twelve months' experience just because of the action of one local.
District 18 can ill afford to change officers at
the present time. , The agreement which now
exists, between the miners and the operators is
about to expire, and the experience and efforts
of tried officers will be needed in its renewal.
However, as the step has been taken and a new
president mutt be chosen, it is to be hoped that
the judgment of the membership will be decided by their answer to the question: "Who
is the best man among us to barter with the
Operators for the purchase of our labor
power?" That was not die case at the time
President Smith was elected. Political feeling ran high and overshadowed the situation.
Clem Stubs was President Smith's predecessor, and John O. Jones was vice-president.
That was a little over a year ago. The Alberta
provincial elections were on and J. O. Jones
ran on a "liberal-labor" ticket, endorsed by
Premier Sifton, for the city of Lethbridge.
Clem Stubs, by this action of his subordinate
officer, was drawn into the election campaign.
The membership of the district had endorsed
tbe principles of socialism as their political
policy and called for the resignation of their
president and vice-president At the subsequent election neither were returned. The
situation which the political feeling of the day
produced, confused the issue. We have no
use for, or faith in, "liberal-labor" politics, and
we hope that no officer of the organized labor
movement in this country will ever be elected
to a house of legislature on such a ticket. It
would denote a benighted level of intelligence
on the part of the workers who elected him. The
United Mine Workers of America is not a
political organization. It is an industrial organization of. workers, banded together as sellers
of their common commodity, labor power, for
the purpose of selling that labor power at a
price sanctioned by collective decision and consent, higher than they could hope to obtain by
individual bargaining. In choosing the officers
of that organization, the most important question to be considered is not "What are the
politics of this or that man?" but "Who is
the best man to bargain with the mine-owners
for the purchase of our labor power?" The
activities of a labor union should deal solely
with that part of the affairs of the working
class which is known to economic students as
"the commodity struggle." It is separate and
distinct from that part which is known as "the
political struggle." Those who do not recognize the difference have not studied their Marx
well enough to be clear on the point and have
no right to call themselves socialists inasmuch
as they do not understand these rudiments of
socialism. The proper place for politics is in
a political party devoted to the business of furthering the interests of the workers along the
lines of the political struggle. It may be said
that if all the membera of a labor union hold
the same political views, that union is justified
in turning itself into a political party, But that
does not alter the fact that fundamentally the
organization is a commodity-selling organiza
tion. While so many workers do not see these
things clearly there is bound to be a certain
amount of confusion arise from the introduction
of politics into labor unionism, just as there
would be from the introduction of religion. The
fact that all the members of district 18 have
the same interest as coal miners should be the
binding principle which keeps them loyal to the
organization irrespective of politics or anything
else. And as long as their officers are true to
the interests of their members as sellers of that
particular class of labor power which is known
as coal mining, those officers are worthy of the
confidence of the membera of the union. We
are not concerned about the choice which district 18 may make in its officers except to say
"Pick out die man or men who can make the
best bargain for your labor power with the
operators, and until he proves that his politics
are bringing you a bad bargain give him your
support."
AFTER THE "HIGH cost of living"
has been exhausted as a subject for the
attentions of commissions and probes, it
is stated on reliable authority that the domestic
policy of the early   Peruvians  will  be  very
thoroughly     inquired    into.
COST Of Close scrutiny will also lie
LIVING made into the risibility of the
COMMISSION ancient Troglodytes with a
view to discovering how far
they might have been of practical use for modern parliamentary purposes. However, the
commission.appointed to sit on the public outcry against "the high cost of living" has been
with us this week. The price of meat has been
very sympathetically considered: while the relative men's of calves' liver anu beef stew as
comestibles suitable and nourishing for the
common people have been subjected to most
vigorous investigation. Carrots, as a consolatory vegetable, would also meet with the approval of the commission. The commission contained only one economist. But it will not discover, to the people of Canada, the real cause
of the evil which it has been sent out to investigate. In the first place it is supposed to be
inquiring into something which it is not supposed to be inquiring into. It is not the high
"cost" of living which is the trouble. It is die
high "price," which is something very different. In these days of highly improved machinery and collective methods of production, it
does not "cost" any more to produce the necessaries of the world's daily life. But the "price"
which is charged for those things is more. We
believe the cause to lie in the fact that the
natural resources of the earth, from which these
things are produced, and the machinery with
which they are manufactured and distributed,
are the property of private individuals or corporations, who use their ownership to make the
mass of the people pay through the nose for
things which they must have, unless they are
prepared to die of starvation. We believe the
cure for the malady lies in using the.political
power of the common people to legislate the
ownership of those monopolies out of the hands
of the monopolists into the hands of the whole
of the citizens. Until that is done, commissions
may sit and enquire as often and as much as
they like, but the high price of living will still
remain to be solved when they have finished.
It will be solved by the workers using their political power to feed themselves instead of their
masters, as they do now.
SIR PERCY  SCOTT is an admiral who
knows his business.   At the age of 61
he knows most of the things which can
be learned from a life-long contact with naval
affairs.   He says in the English "Times"  of
last Friday, "I can see no use
WILL for battleships and very little
SCIENCE chance for fast cruisers. The
KILL WAR navy     will     be     entirely
changed. Naval officers will
no longer live on the sea, but either above or
under it." Thus does he sum up the influence
which the science and inventions of the past
ten years have had upon naval warfare. The
admiralty authorities hasten to describe the
statement as "premature and mischievous."
That is what might be expected. Recent revelations in the British house of commons disclosed
the fact that officials and ex-officials of the
admiralty, their relatives and social connections,
both in parliament and out, have a large financial interest in the armament firms which
build ships for the navy. It would be directly
against their material interests to have orders
for battleships cease, and the vast amount of
capital represented by battleship-producing
machinery, thrown on the junk heap. Of course,
it was "mischievous and premature" for such
a startling assertion to be made by one so highly placed, without warning being first given
quietly, so that these patriots could have time
to unload on the nation by advocating the
nationalization of their ship-yards. However,
that is only a little by-the-way comment on the
habits of these people. The main point is, that
science is fast reducing war to ridicule and
sending its engines of destruction to the discard, As long as the destroying medium could
only move on land and water, international
boundary lines, guarded by fortifications of
fabulous cost, amounted to something. With
the coming of the r.eroplane and its adaptation
to warfare those lines of fortification become
eventually useless. Sea-coast defences and
heavily armored battleships, costing $10,000,-
000 each, suffer the same fate from the introduction and perfection of submarine boats, capable of blowing large battleships and the strongest booms that could be stretched across a harbor
mouth into splinters without being seen in the
process. With these new developments, the
human equation in warfare becomes less. The
number of men needed is not so many. The
struggle is between highly efficient machines
manipulated by a few experts. Brawn, in
battle, gives way to brain. Now comes along
a still greater invention which promises lo
finally annihilate the folly of war despite the
stupidity of men. Guilio Uhvi, an Italian engineer, by means of electric waves projected
after the fashion of wireless telegraphy, has exploded mines buried ,in the water ten miles
away. Powder was put in a gutta-percha bag
covered with fibre and placed in a porcelain
box. This box was placed in another box made
of asbestos and the whole sealed in a wrought
iron shell and sunk in the river Arno. The
machine of Ulivi, behind the town of Fiesole
ten miles away, searched the river bed and
within thirty minutes exploded all four of these
mines. An apparatus built on the same principle and capable of producing similar results
at'eighty miles range, is being constructed by
the same inventor.   When that is accomplished,
what will be the use of either battleship, sub-'
marine, aeroplane or fortress for war purposes?
Thus does war make war on itself. Every
move towards perfection of method in war
seems to be bringing the day/nearer when it
will negate itself. In this suicidal process it is
being assisted by the growing internationalisa-
lion of the world's financial interests, which always lie at the back of a great war. As long
as capitalists only invested in the country of
their domicile, they had not so much compunction about making war. Today, not one of the
great commercial countries of the world can go
to war with another without destroying its
capital investments in the country upon which
it makes assault Britain, France and the
United States could not reduce Mexico to subjection by war without destroying their own
property. As Norman Angell points out in
"The Great Illusion," the international character of modern capitalism throws die burden
of loss on both aggressor and defender, and by
reason of that, is probably hastening the death
of war much quicker than the peace efforts of
the world's minority of intelligent men and
women. There are some working class political economists who say that in any case it need
not concern the workers, because they only sell
their labor power as a commodity, whose value
in exchange terms is expressed by wages. And
that therefore they do not pay the taxes which
go to pay for the munitions of war. That may
be true, but it is the workers who have to pay
in lives and misery. And no movement which
condemns war as an obstacle to the final consolidation of the international economic interests of the working class Can afford to treat
the question of war in that fashion, and still
expect to be taken seriously. The part to be
played by the working class in the evolution of
humanity towards world peace is to point out
continually that the economic interests of that
class are universally identical and cannot be
fully realized until the folly and stupidity of
war have been swept forever from the catalogue of human shame.
THE NANAIMO HERALD, speaking
last Saturday of the uses of militia, said,
"The state's position is one of absolute
neutrality." The most charitable construction we
can put upon such an assertion is to say that
it is due  to  a confusion of
STATE thought on such an important
CANNOT BE economic matter. The state,
NEUTRAL with all its executive and administrative functions is not in
the hands of the working class. It is in the
hands of another class which lives on the profit
which it derives from the working class. The
interests of him who makes and him who takes
cannot be identical . Both cannot eat the.same
piece of cake. The military power of the state,
being under the direction of the employing class,
it is no more'than human that they should use
it to protect their economic interests. But they
cannot do that service for themselves and the
workers both at the same time. The power of
the state can never be neutral in a community
where the material intrests of one section of thnt
community are diametrically opposed to those
of the other. The Herald may say that the
workers evidently wish it so, pr they would not
vote for it. That's another story. But it
isn't true of Nanaimo anyway. If it were perhaps the Herald would be more reasonable at
times.   He who is not with us, is against us.
Ostrich feathers in South Africa are too
plentiful and there is danger of them becoming
too cheap. The modesty of the ostrich farmera
has furnished them with a brilliant solution.
They want the government to buy up $1,500,-
000 worth of feathers and burn them. They
go one better than the poultry dealers of Vancouver, who sent carloads of dressed poultry
to the city incinerator in the winter of 1907-8
rather than sell it cheaper or give it away to
the hundreds who were destitute at that time
owing to the industrial "panic." These little
matters of supply and demand have many aspects, both pleasant and curious. The nature of
ostriches makes them grow feathers. There is
no demand for feathers, but the birds need
feeding. It would not pay to let them go
hungry and perhaps die. The nature of workmen makes them get hungry. But if there is
no demand for them, the modem economic
system does not feed them. Ostriches Cost
money. Workmen can be got any time by
whistling for them.
A CONFERENCE TO consider the advisability of settling international   disputes by arbitration was held at  Lake
Mohonk recently.    Resolutions were received
from the United States chamber of commerce,
SENSE 'ne Merchants'   and   Manu-
.,..„„„       factum's'   association,    and
UU 1911111*0 ., t .
PEACE a conizations   of capi-
BENTIHBUT        ta'',U'   "PPOMIIg   WSr.      This,
SENTIMENT      not beCMM ^ are htam_
ing any more humane or altruistic, nor because
they object to thousands of working-class fools
spilling their blood to defend the property of
their masters. But because they are coming
to the opinion that war is detrimental to their
property interests. The resolutions state that
big business men realize that the financial burden of war falls upon them. They called on
the United States to propose a world-wide reduction of armaments for the purpose of reducing the taxes they have to pay to provide
those things. The keener ones among them are
beginning to tee that the international armament ring has been fooling them all with highly
profitable results to itself. Well might a contemporary say:
"Sentiment can do much in all great
reforms, but when to this is added the
practical views of the shrewd business men
of a nation, or group of nations, the result cannot be long in doubt."
This is economic determinism purging the
world of one of its chief abominations.     Not
because of the higher moral tone of the movement,  but from sheer   selfishness of the individuals at the back of it   As we watch the
ways of men, the conviction is borne in upon
us that the romance of crude realism is infinitely
more fascinating in the long run than the fictions
and fancies of dreamers and idealists.
The arrests for unlawful assembly in
Winnipeg last week, arose from the same
cause as those in Vancouver two winters ago. Workless workers had gathered
to discuss their plight. * Then followed
the usual police officiousness, either inspired or
otherwise, and what might have ended in nothing more than a few strenuous speeches, becomes a matter for legal reprisal. It is the old
story of the police ready to violate a principle
for which the fight was waged years ago, rather
than allow the hapless victims of a modern
industrialism to gather for the discussion of
their mutual misery.
There is an element among students of
political economy who express the belief that
the more the working-class is ground down and
the worse its economic condition is, the more
militant and rebellious it becomes. If there is
truth in that idea why is not the labor movement doubly active at this time when conditions
are so bad? The movement locally had more
movement in it in 1911 when times were better
than for some years.
When aerial transportation has become
commercially practicable the shareholders of
the C. P. R. will be found leading the vanguard of the advocates of railway nationalization.
An interesting aftermath of the Ford system
of profit-sharing comes in recent news reports.
Six thousand men are being laid off in gangs of
200 and 300 daily. The reason given by the
officials of the company is that their new profit-
sharing plan has so expedited ihe production of
automobiles in the factory that a much less
working force can cope with the present demand
for cars. They will, however, seek to place as
many of their discharged employees as possible
on farms, where they will be free from temptation likely to subvert their immaculate morals
and where they can rejuvenate themselves
physically ready for the time when Mr. Ford
whistles them back to the pleasant occupation
of speeding the life out of each other for his
benefit.   What fools these mortals be.
The federal authorities at Ottawa are becoming genuinely alarmed at the labor situation throughout the whole dominion . Their
policy of encouraging unrestricted immigration
is beginning to bear fruit At no time, during
the last ten years, have the prospects for employment been worse. For the first time the
government has published specific advertisements and notices warning mechanics in Britain against the risk of coming to Canada. Demands for the opening'of public and relief
works to ease the unemployed situation are
reaching Ottawa from practically every central labor body in the dominion. This, in the
middle of June, is a grim promise of what may
be expected next winter.
Scene—Any street corner just now.
John:   Hello, Sam.
Sam:  Hello, John.
John: Great weather, eh?
Sam: Yep.
Silence. Vocabulary exhausted for a few
moments.
John:   Are you workin'?
Sam: No. Are you?
John: No. Where's the business agent?
Let's go and give him hell. What do we pay
him for anyhow?
Exit both to look for the poor slave of the
slaves.
Sir Richard McBride says, "What we need
as a people is courage and faith." More tf
either, in the people of British Columbia, would
mean less in him. Yea, but this sweet youth
hath a gentle wit, and sweet withal. We suppose he meant, courage enough to have faith in
his government Its asking too much of men
with a grain of intelligence or a rudiment of
the sense of humor.
Mother Jones is not enamored of "votes for
women" after her experiences of Colorado,
where women have voted for twenty-one years.
Her opinion brings the question back to the
fact that women with votes,' but minus the economic viewpoint of a class-conscious working-
class, are just as much a danger to die workers
as the workers who are in the tame mental condition.
' Bloomington, III., has been signally honored
during the past week. The convention of the
reformed Presbyterian church of the United
States has been held there. This is a very go-
ahead body. It passed a resolution stating that
"Labor has a right to organize." Before adjournment the convention passed a resolution
of sympathy for the relatives of the late Queen
Anne.
It is now about three months since a Chinese
domestic servant killed his mistress and burned
her body in the house furnace. From the
howl which went up at the time, one might
have thought that by now there would not be
a slit-eyed celestial left in town. But it has
all blown over. Balzac might well say that
"men, collectively, have little or no memory."
The Nanaimo Herald is of the opinion that
mine-owners build up the United Mine Workers of America by permitting the union dues
to be checked off the pay of the miners. Will
they tell ut how the U. M. W. of A. gets that
condition except by power of the union which
they have built up and through which they have
been enabled to enforce the check-off?
The expression on Mrs. George V.'s face,
when the suffragette "mentioned the matter" to
her at a recent court function, would have made
a fortune for a moving picture firm if they
could only have had an operator and his apparatus on the job.
rn • -' u ■
Cheer up. By the time things improve h
little here, the Panama exposition will be
finished, releasing a few thousand building
tradesmen, part of whom are sure to drift this
way.
If the discovery of oil in various parts of the
world continues at the present rate, the foremost advocates of the government ownership of
coal mines will be ehe present mine-owners.
Henderson's newly-compiled directory estimates the Oriental population of Vancouver at
10,000. That does not include the 600
Chinese who came in last week.
PHONE   SEYMOUR   MM
(A TRUST COMPANY)
FEW WAGE-EARNERS OR
SALARIED PERSONS
acquire a competence through
willing thrift and self-denial, and
it seems plain that fortune must
take some of ua by the neck and
hold us to force her gifts upon us;
OPEN    A    SAVINGS    ACCOUNT      AND      COMPEL
.YOURSELF   TO   SAVE.
SAFETY
VXCS
DOW, FRASER k CO., Ud.
SL51 SS-** Sf"*' *" M,,n
•treet, (between 7th and Sth Avts.)
Vaneouvar, and McKay nation,
Burnaby, B.C.
Clow at 1 o'clock Saturday.
Woudn't it be a treat to hear Mother Jones
giving McBride and Bowser "a piece of her
mind"?
THE BANK OF BRITISH
NORTH AMERICA
-established In MM.   Incorporated
by RoyaPCharter In uto.
Paid-up Capital     .     U.m.ettM
Reserve Fund    -    ■    SMI.sso 00
 Hood Offlce In Canada:
ST. JAMES BT.,' MONTREAL    '
H. B. MACKENZIE . Cea.nl Mu.,«
•AVINQI DEPARTMENT AT
ALL BRANCHES
Special attention riven.to Savings
Accounts on whloh Interest Is allowed from date of deposit.
Open a Savings Account and add
to It avary pay day.
Drafts and Money Orders sold
VANCOUVER BRANCH
W, Godfrey, Manager.
NORTH   VANCOUVER   BRANCH
J. R. Chapman, Manager.
KERRI8DALB BRANCH
 P. Nell, Manager.
TheAlliedPrintingTrades I
of the City of Vancouver, respectfully request
Merchants,    Manufacturers,   Lawyers,   Fraternal   Societies,   Clubs,
Unions, (to., to have the
UNION LABEL
Put on their Printing, suoh oa Circulars, Briefs, Records, Books,
Posters. It la a guarantee of superior workmanship. This label Is
^endorsed by all tradea and labor
unlona In Vancouver and violnlty.
VANCOUVER    ALLIED    PRINT-
INO TRADES COUNCIL
F. R. Fleming, aeoretary,
Room tit Labor Tempi*
WHENORDERDiGASUIT
Strike On
MINERS KEEP AWAY
I" HE itrike is still on it the
* Queen Mine md Silver
Dollir, at Sheep Creek, B. C.
All working men urged to stay
away until the strike is settled
Order YmirMiiers'Uniei
FURNITURE
By til means come and see our
splendid large new stock of furniture. "Everything but the
girl" for your new home.
GET OUR PRICES AND
TERMS
Hastings Furniture Co.
Limited
41 HAITINM BTREET WEST
A.W.Woodard
Mgr. CANADA NATIONAL
FIRE INSURANCE CO.
Phon* Seymour 3537
__$i ri'Bulldlni     470 OcwrjjU ____
P A T E N T SS
Trsd* Marks, Designs, Copyrights, '
FBTHBRITONHAUOH A CO,
Th* Old Established Flrm.of
PATENT ATTORNEY*
IM* Rogers Bldg., Oranvllle Itreet
Olty.  Phons leymour I7M.
gpsag
Union
MADE
Beer
> r
Of America  ^r
cormuw ___ _j_________ i»-
tte
AND
Porte
i. FRIDAY JUNE 12, 1914.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FA WORD TO THE UNION MAN
'nlon Label ahould stand (or quality ot material, nt ud make-up
it torment, as wall a* th* sanitary condltlona of a factory,
w*l*a paid, ate.
A copy of thit gavutse goes with every garment
manufactured by nt.
WM. J. McMASTER & SONS, LTD.
Manufacturers of
MAO'S HOOAL AND BUCK BEAM) SHIBTS, PANTS AND
OVXBALLS, ALSO THB MASTER 8HIBT
1176 Homer St., Vtnoouver, B. 0. Telephone Seymour 831
This lament la guaranteed oa to workmanship, quality of material,
fullness of also, buttons securely fastened, buttonholes wall male.
Anyone wearing one of our torments and Bndlnt It defective will do
ua a favor by either returnlnt It to his dealer or moiling lt to ua to be
ezobanfed tor another.
All our garments boar the label of th*
UNITED OARMENT WORKERB OF AMERICA.
Tou are Invited to visit our faotory.
WM. J. MoMASTBB A SONS, LTD.
Per Jas. A. McMaster,
Monotint Director.
\i
Family Shoe Store
823 Granville Street
GREAT  SALE OF  BOOTS AND
SHOES NOW ON
Hem's Shoes, Regular $6.00 for   $3.96
Men's Shoes, Regular $6.00, for   $3.45
Men's Shoes, Regular $4.60, for $2.96
8KB THB WINDOWS
FRANK NBWTON
Keep the Children Healthy
by aendlnt them out ln tha fresh air these Ins days. There's nothing batter for keeping them exercised than wheeled goods.
Our stock of WHEELBARROWS, AUTOMOBILES, EXPRESS -WAGONS,
PERAMBULATORS, IRISH MAILS, ROWING WAGONS, VELOCIPEDES,
SIDEWALK SULKIES, Is easily the flneat and most comprehensive In the
olty and the prlcea ore right.
Thomson Stationery Co., Ltd.
td HASTINOS STREET WAIT VANCOUVSR, B.C.
BBIT IN THB WB8T
IITABLIIHED IM
EDWARD LIPSETT
FISHING SUPPLIES
MANUFACTURER OP
TENTS-"**""
i. FLAGS SAILS*■*> OK BADS
DTTDN DUCK ALIWEIGHT5—WIDTH5 |
ARTHUR JHME5FI5HHD0KS.ETC
Phonal Soymour
6031 and 6032
68 WATER ST.
538 Cambie Street
Phone Sey. 2542
HOPPS&DUKERi
GIVING     BUNT R3R WUR
OlVlNd BMiTKULARPURPOSE
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 GrtBTille St., Pfcon* 3822
VANCOUVER, B. C.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
The Quality of Our Service, tbe Quality of
Our Goods, Is Always the Best
The reason our buiineu la Increaitnt Ii duo to tha fact that our bualneaa polloy la correct. We adopted tho policy of Inform] nf the public
through the medium of the preaa aa to what our charge* would be for a
complete funeral. Including Hearse, Carriage for Family, Care of Remains.,
Wagon Service, and all our pergonal service for
165.00
Complete Funeral
$55.00
We are living up to our advertliement to the latter. Thla haa eatabllah-
ed confidence with the public In ui, and for that reaaon alone wa ara iuo-
ceaeful, and we Intend to continue aa we ara doing now.
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co.
Cor. Eighth Ave. and Main Street
Phone Fairmont 189
Commodloue Chapel Free to All Patrona
Formerly Center A Hanna'a Branch
A. C. Millar, Prea.
P. H. Qrott,, Manager
GO W|TH ™ BUNCH to the
BRUNSWICK POOL ROOMS
VICTORIA CENTRAL
IY DISCUSSES
LIVE ISSUES
High Cost of Worken' Political Stupidity Emphasised By Delegates
Overstocked Labor Market
Causes Savage Competition For Jobs
VICTORIA, Jute 9.—Tho regular
meeting of the labor oouncll was held
on Wednesday, June Srd, President
Dykeman in the chair and a (air attendance of delegates. After the
minutes werefedopted as read the se-
retary raised the question of representation and as some locals had
more and some less than the proper
number of delegates, the. secretary
was Instructed to notify all locals not
properly represented.
The special committee appointed to
Inquire Into the matter re the dismissal of a member of the tailors, owing to his refusal to sign a petition
against tbe Retail clerks' half holiday
movement, reported' that the tailors
bad a man working ln the place of the
man dismissed and recommended that
the matter be dropped. Report adopted
and the oommlttee discharged.
Report of special committee to interview hospital board oi) fair wage
on new hospital. Reported that the
chairman of hospital board had informed them that the wish of the
council would he complied with. Report of ponunlttee adopted and committee asked to continue their efforts,
Report* of Union*
All building trades reported conditions as very bad; typos reported tbat
strike was still on at Sweeny & Mc-
Connell's; brewery workerB reported
trade slack, as did the bartenders, one
delegate remarking that tbe men engaged in the building trades were not
drinking enough beer, and so their
trade was falling off.
Bro. L. C. Beck, International or
ganizer tor the Hotel and Restaurant
Employees, was at this stage asked
to address the council, and said, In
part, that he expected to be ln the
city for three weeks ln tbe Interests
of bis organisation. He pointed out
that conditions all over tbe country
were deplorable and that the employers of labor were taking advantage
of prevailing conditions to reduce
wages and that instead of the workers getting apathetic they should take
more Interest than ever ln their organizations, laying great stress on tbe
value of the unton label. Bro. Beck
concluded by saying that his organization were hot on the trail of the
typos In the flght for a 7-hour day.
Delegate Watchman reported that
Mother Jones would arrive ln the city
on Friday and moved that the council
take steps to tender her a reception.
Delegate Siverts sold that the best
way to meet the object ln view was
to Instruct the executive to use their
best judgment ln carrying out tbe
wishes of the council in this matter.
Delegate Watchman brought to the
attention of the council the efforts
of Vancouver Trades and Labor council to secure the 1915 convention of
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada for Vancouver, and said that
as the last convention held on the
cosst hsd been held In Victoria he
thought we should assist Vancouver
ln their efforts, and moved that a committee be appointed for this purpose.
Motion carried. Committee appointed: Dels. Watchman, Slverti and
Perrot,
Cost of Workers' Stupidity
Delegate Watchman asked what attitude tbe council were going to take
with regard to the unemployed in the
olty, stating that tbere were many In
want, and It were better to do something before the people were driven
by desperation to take the matter in
their own hands.
Delegate Neet said the present conditions were brought sbout by the business men of the city, Instancing cases
of men being brought into the city to
work when there were men already
here who were without work.
Delegate Welts-said thst he had not
Intended to speak on this question,
but as Delegate Neet had tried to
place the responsibility for present
conditions he would give his views ss
to who were responsible and said:
Did this question only affect Victoria
then It might be possible that Delegate Neet's conclusions would be correct, but when we recognise that
these conditions are not only prevalent ln Canada, but all over the American continent, ln faot, all over the
world, then we must look to other
causes, pointing out the real cause of
unemployment as being the class ownership of the means of life, and that
this ownership was sanctioned by the
workerB and therefore the responsibility rested on the workers, and as
long as men were conservatives and
were members of such organisations
as the Beaver club, and acted as lick
spittles for their masters, and voted
for the present conditions they should
not kick, pointing out that tbe council had been for years ln tbe hands
of the Beaver club. He scored the
delegates who were members of this
organization, which raised a storm of
protest from Delegates Neet and Day
and points of order were numerous.
After order had been restored, Del.
Wells, continuing, Bald he had not
been personal, but any delegate who
thought the cap fitted could wear it
and after pointing out the folly of expecting anything better under capitalism, said that the present conditions
were only a reflex of working class
intelligence..
Del. Perrot Bald In spite of the pro-
PAOBfXVI
teats of the delegates to political
questions being raised ln the council
tbe question was a political one and
would have to be dealt with as sucb.
Del. Day said he was willing to do
all in bis power to assist the workers
In this time of distress and no matter whether the government were liberal or tory, and although he was a
conservative, he was willing to see
the government to see what could be
done.
DeL Siverts said the question was
not one that could be settled tonight
and in another place at another time
he would be glad to try and convince
Del. Neet of the practicability of socialism and said that any so-called
success of the trade union movement
was not a success unless lt was a step
in the direction of socialism, and that
there were always two phases of the
labor movement, one the Industrial
and the other political, but the two
should be kept separate, but at the
present time the thing to da was to
break the studied silence and apathy
on' the part of the authorities.
Del. Watchman: When I brought this
question up tonight I knew that It
would be discussed from all points of
view, and that the socialists would
point out the remedy, and that the
conservatives would object, n I have
not heard a liberal, but that is possibly, because there sre no liberals
left ln this provinoe, but of one thing
I am sure, the workers in this olty
are suffering ln silence. The smallest
child would not suffer hunger In silence, and while I know that no com
mittee. can do much to relieve the
present distress, yet we should put up
a howl, and while the committee who
will be appointed to Bee the authorities will be told that If we are only
optimistic and be quiet all will be
well, and if we will only suffer in silence good times will come again.
These things will not fill the empty
stomachs of those who are In want.
After further discussion a motion to
appoint a committee to see what could
be done was adopted and the following committee appointed: Dels. Day,
Mathieson and Slvertz.
Berry Bros.
A|eali lot
CLEVELAND
CYCLES
Th* Bloycl* with th* Reputation
Pull  lln*  ot  *cc**sorl*«
Repair* promptly *i*eut*4
63S HASTINGS ST. EAST
Phone Highland 895
QUALIFICATIONS
To Hold Offlce ^n Miners-
Union
[By Martin J. Flyzek]
Before any person elected to sn
official position in a coal miners' unton
can qualify for' offlce he must prove
that he Is a practical coal digger and
on the whole have tbe equipment of
a large "Insecta." He must be a good
Btudent of human nature, must write,
read and speak very fluently at least
one hundred different languages (the
four African dialects included);
must be a splendid debater, an orator
of pronounced eloquence must be well
versed In' parliamentary laws and
usages, and above all, he must be ad
dieted with visions of ideal perfec
tlon and must be blessed with the
skill of a "Lucio."' He must possess
the courage of a lion, the ounnlngness
of a grey fox, and the patience of
"Job" with the hide of a rhinoceros
well petrified, especially on the back.
To be successful he must preach the
doctrine of brotherly love, and practice the dogma of hot air.
Pour-hour Work-day
Me must advocate a four-hour workday for the rank and file, hut must
work fifteen hours dally himself with
three hours added to it on Sundays.
He must meet deputations during the
day and all hours of the night lt need
be and at the same time hold himself In readlnesB at the district office
to hospitably entertain and act as an
escort to the humble visitors to our
olty. He should be wise enough to
keep sober for a more Intelligent dls-
cusBlon of the social problems with
those who visit the district office
only when drunk or with those that
are In the habit of sprinkling coal
dust with a mixture of high grade
oxellne. -Knowledge of ring craft,
wrestling, Ju-jltsu, etc, Is absolutely
necessary ln the business, because the
use of these faculties becomes very
useful to enforce a point ot order
when words totally fall. A punch of a
Jack Johnson Bhould be slipped Into
his sleeve wben going to a miners'
meeting—It's a convincing argument.
Be a Simple Simon
He must lead the life of a "Simple
Simon," never'spend more thsn twenty per cent, of his wages on himself
snd family; to be popular he must
cheerfully agree to place the remaining eighty per cent, of his salary at
the disposal of the class-conscious
sufferers ln order to hold their good
will snd confidence, and for the proper guidance of the "down and outs'"
he must place a sign on the door of
his offlce bearing the inscription of
the following words: "Money loaned
on a pleasant smile. We make lt
easy," etc. He must address mass
meetings, banquets, curbstone and
barroom gatherings, and must be
willing to attend at least three months
prior to the district election a secret
caucus of the "inner circle," which Is
composed of the sinless few, to conspire against his opponent for offlce.
He must know how to ihoot the coal
on the solid, mine It on the clear, and
prevent windy shots where miners
use dry powder.
So What's th* Use
He must preach everything from the
Jingoism of craft -unionism to the
Ideal philosophy of anarchy juat as
the occasion may demand. When he
agrees with the philosophy of everybody, thousands will shout his praises;
but It he doesn't he is branded as a
fraud, a sycophant and rewarded with
hoots and hisses. He must always
wear a smile on his lips, even though
hla heart may be secretly Bheddlng
tears. He must be a man of iron
nerve, for he is tbe target of envy,
jealousy, vile abuse and humiliation,
no matter how diligently and faithfully he may perform his duties. If he
Ib liberal and generous with ' his
money he Ib branded an E. Z. mark;
If not, he Is a grouch and a grafter.
"It's enough to give a man a touch
of "paranoia' and drive him Insane
from the effects of self-pity." So
what's the use? All of us, good or
bad, are doomed to finally land on the
sorap-plle along with the best of the
"has-beens."
FRED. BANCROFT
Vlce-prealdent of Tradea and Libor
Congreu or Canada with headquartera
at -Toronto. Haa been strongly recommended bv organised labor of Ontario
aa the best Qualified representative or
Labor on the new Workmen's Compensation act board.
UNION MEN
Make   Sacrifices   to   Get
Their Bights
It has often been said by eur critics, "Why should union men object to
work with non-union ment It a man
does not choose to Join a unton, surely he is only exercising' the liberty ot
the subject, and his union comrades
have no right to object to him," But
they have every right that reason
and justice can give for their objection, Bays the Duluth Labor World.
The union man Is making great sacrifices ln order to obtain what he
considers his rights. The non-union
man is reaping all the advantages
without any of tbe trouble. The
union man binds himself with his
fellows against the aggressive greed
of the employers of labor, and is giving both time and money to the cause
he has at heart. His union has to be
maintained and kept working by the
subscriptions of the members, and
each of the members gives his time
to the meetings, sometimes to a great
extent by serving on committees, eto.
He is struggling hard, no matter what
lt costs, to secure to himself and not
only to himself but to his fellow-men,
Just remuneration for their toll, and
tf goaded by Injustices and oppressed
with wrong, he, ln agreement with
this combination of his fellow-workmen, refuses to work at the terms offered by his employer, he suffers and
starves, that all may reap the benefit
INDIAN MOTORCYCLE STRIKE
Metal Polishers of Springfield, Man.,
Achieve Splendid Result*
There haa been no more Interesting
strike thsn that of the metal polishers In the Hendee Manufacturing
company, Springfield, Mass., makers
of the Indian motorcycle. The
strikers quit work on January 5,1914,
because their wages were cut fl.10
the day, and the strike is still on with
no deserters. More than 3000 men
were employed by this concern when
the strike of the metal polishers,
buffers, platers, brass and silver
workers wss begun. Today only 600
men are employed. The striking union
does not rejoice that 2500 have lost
their Jobs. Indeed, the strikers lament
this unhappy fact But the flght these
men are making is a flght for the
many; not for the few. The flght Is
for a living wage—what would any
skilled workman think were his Arm
to tell him that his wages was to be
trimmed $1.10 the dsy? Do you not
think they need assistance? Remember the Indian motorcycle and the
men deprived of earning a livelihood.
NEW LABOR HALL
Opening at Fort William, Ont., Great
Succ.s*
On May 25th the official opening
took place of the first labor hall
erected by the English-speaking workers at Fort William, Ont, after which
a concert and dance was held. The
chairman during his remarks thanked
those who had contributed their services which meant so much for the
entertainment of all present. On
the Sunday evening a religious service was held In the new edifice,
when President Fred. B. Moore, of the
trades council and Rev. B. M. Shaver
made brief addresses, after which
prayers were offered and hymns sang
tn honor of the occasion. Tbere was
a large number present
The painters and decorators of
Houston, Texas, after a strenuous and
determined battle, have won their
strike. The employers have conceded
a minimum wage of 14.25 for an eight
hour day. In 1910 the rate will be
Increased to 14.50. It may be said
that the various crafts In the Lone
Star Btate are splendidly organized,
and conditions as to hours of labor
and rate of wages are excellent.
International Brotherhood of Book
binders will hold its convention at
Denver, Colo., commencing on Monday.
Soldier* and Prostitution
The boy who longs for tbe uniform
of the soldier, the brass buttons and
sword dangling at his side; the
white-plumed cockade, the epaulettes
and all the parading up and down
with protruding chest In the well-
fitting costume of the soldier, ts only
a counterpart of the girl who longs
for pretty colored ribbons, fluffy lace,
bangle, bends and bracelets, who Bells
her body for these. She st least Injures none other thsn herself, but not
so the boy. Ho might be content
parading In his new possessions and
satisfying thst adolescent developing
character In himself, but the master
class knows Nature well. They place
in his hands the gun together with
the "flag," and, Inspired by the spirit
of a pseudo patriotism, he marches
on to new lands for adventures.' The
adolescent girl dreams of romance—
nnd love—and falls Into the pit of
prostitution. The adolescent boy
dreams of adventures and achievements—and falls Into the bloody
trench of war. Both are victims of a
cruel system of ignorance and greed
—Woman Rebel.
The San Francisco board of super
visors has made provisions in the
budget for the ensuing fiscal year for
the employment of a sanitary Inspector of restaurants, cafes and hotels, advocated by the culinary unions.
MINARD'S LINIMENT CURE3
DIPHTHERIA
City Auction and Commission Co.
Caah paid for houses and suites
of furniture or Auction arranged.
Satisfaction guaranteed, prompt
settlements.
ARTHUR  t.  BETCHLEY
(myth, and Qranvllle streete
Auctioneer *<y B7I
READY FOR YOUR NEEDS
IN BATHING COSTUMES,
CAPS and SANDALS
Our Showing of Bathing Garments and Accessories j
is now replete and includes various attractive novelties as well as the regulation styles. The bestv quality
of materials is used in these garments, and all are correctly designed, attractively trimmed and well made
throughout.
«?!-» WW Suits for Women st Sl.00, M.M and SUM.
Silk Bathing Suit* for Women atJS.7I and Su JI.
gjjj^Lustre B*thlng Suits forages s to 14 years, at
Children Lustre Bathing Suits for ages 1 to S years at
%_?*£!?* !?.*?,&b"'*£1 ""V »m,rt "J*1" »»«• «•<*>'».
at He, 7*c, and fl.00 each-
Bathing Sandals, in white or black, in all sites at Sic,
LIMITED
575GranvlUtSt   Vancouver, B.C.
Phone Seymttr 3540
(tore Hour* MO te S p.m.
Saturday. ImIihM
WHITE STAR =
DMINIONI
JNAniaKiH'tHL
ROYAL MAIL STEAMERS
MONTRiAL QUIIIC LIVERPOOL
New 8.8. "L.urentle" (11,000 ton.), new 8.8. "KM.ntle.C
Int doss, SSI.SC second Clus, HI.7I Third Cam, tat It
  -  ON" CLASS (It) CABIN SERVICB
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WHITg STAR LINE
■°*T0N QUMNSTOWN LIVIRPOOL
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f;8^'*'*"""" (Splendid Twin Screw Steamer.) a. «crmrW
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llt-tnd AVINUI, SiATTLi, WN.
BraTds
Best
Coffee
Did You Get Yours
This Morning?
BRAID'S
BEST
COFFEE
'Work with the President and
the President works with yen"
UNDERWEAR
MSN'S BALBRIQOAN UNDERWEAR
At Me. and 7I«. per garment.
BRITANNIA
Light Woollen Underwear—Just right for thla worm weather
LIQHT WEIGHT UNION SUITS
From 1140 per Suit up.
B. V. D. UNDERWEAR
With Short Sleeves and Knee Length Drawers, 75c. per garment.
CLUBB & STEWART, Ltd.
T.I. Sty. tot
mt-tn HASTINOS STRUT w.
IT IS WISE ECONOMY
TO USE
Royal Crown Soap
AND
Royal Crown
WASHING
POWDER
THET HAVE NEVER BEEN EQUALLED
SOLD AT ALL GROCERS
SAVE COUPONS FOR VALUABLE PREMIUMS H'
PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY ....JUNE 12, 1814.
Latest Addition to Vancouver's Up-to-Date Hotels
Hotel Regent
Absolutely Fireproof.   Local and Long-
Distance Phone in Every
Room.
Abundance of Light and Heat. Cafe in Connection
RATES $1.00 PER DAY UP
Attractive Rates to Permanent C0TT1NGHAM & BEATTY
Guests Proprietors
HOTEL   CANADA
C. G. MULLER, Prop.
Phone connection in every room. Hot and Cold
Water in every Room. European Plan
Transient Rates, $1.00 per day up.    Special Weekly Rate*
Merchant's Lunch, 11.30 to 2.30 p.m., 35c.
Dinner a la Carte, 6 to 8 p.m.
Free Bus
518|Richards St.
Exchange Phone Sey. 1571
FIREPROOF
EUROPEAN
ABBOTSFORD HOTEL
Vancouver, B.CI,
921IPender St., West Phone Seymour 5860
RATES $1.00 A DAY UP
First-class Grill in Connection
"F.   L.  WALLIN8P0ED,   Manager
Lyle L. Milk, Proprietor
EUROPEAN PLAN        Frederick A. EnelUh, Mannier
HOTEL EMPRESS
imTs'SST 235 Hastings St. ^Vancouver, B. C.
fl Hot and Cold Water in
Every Room. 1 SO Rooms
Connected with Baths,
Strictly Modern and
Absolutely Fireproof
E
AHE TO cm
Must  Organize   Unskilled
Workers as Well as
Skilled
PENDER HOTEL
tJtw, Modern, First-Class
Steam fctottd, Bltotrlo Lighted
_ . TlSSl
Ttltyaeat
(UUI S1.IS
psr Dor aa* Up.
THE NEW ENGLAND HOTELB°°rr...EH"°w"Hy.H:ur^1'"'
6S* SEYMOUR STRSST transients
Labor Cartoons Labor News
Special Features
, V. HOYT
President
Taeoma
Labor
Advocate
B. B. AULT
Secretary
Seattle
Union
Record
R. PARM. PETTIPIECE, Vice-President
British Columbia Federationist
Secretary's Office: Box 1874, Seattle, Washington
President Samuel Gompers
on the Need of Thorough
Organization
.Samuel GomperH, president of the
A. P. of L.p has addressed the following communications to labor organizers regarding the organization: At
no time in the history of our country
has the duty devolved so keenly as
now upon the men of labor to put
forth their best efforts to help the
more thorough organization of all of
our fellow workers, men and women,
skilled and unskilled, in every occupation ln which they are employed:
at no time have the forces of antagonism been more active to prevent organization or to crush out the spirit
of organized associated effort among
the toilers, lt, therefore, all the more
devolves upon all engaged in our
great humane, and uplift work to put
forth every energy to bring the unorganized within the beneflcient fold
of the organized labor movement of
America.
Crowned With Success
You will recall the fact that at the
Seattle convention of the A. P. of L„
special emphasis was placed upon the
determined effort which should be put
forth by all to accomplish this result.
Our movement has been crowned
with more success than can here be
recorded, but they are simply achievements which whet our purposes to
still greater efforts. We must organize the unskilled workers as well as
the skilled. We must organize the
worker permanently domiciled in his
locality as well as the itinerant
worker who travels from place to
place ln search of employment. We
must organise the women workers in
all branches of industry in which they
are engaged. We must organize the
offlce employees in the various
branches of their occupations. We
must concentrate our effort to achieve
greater benefits ln wages, hours, and
conditions of employment of the toiling masses.of America.
Organize Toilera
We must secure for the tollers the
rights to which they are. justly entitled on the economic, on the political,
on the legislative Held. There Is no
effort which must be left untried to
organize our fellow workers everywhere, to place them In a position
where they will be best able to help
themselves, to help their already or-
ganlzd fellow workers, and In.turn to
receive the assistance and co-operation ot those already with the ranks.
The unions afflliated to the A. F. ot
L. have already passed the two million mark. It Is our bounden duty to
see that at the earliest possible date
we have reached and passed the three
million mark. Let every man of labor, and particularly our organizers,
do their share ln the work and bring
Wire Wounds
My mare, a very valuable one, was
badly bruised and cut by being caught In
a wire fence. Some of the wounds would
not heal although I tried different mertl
clues. Dr. Bell advised me to use MINARD'S LINIMENT, diluted at first, then
stronger as the sores began to look better, until after three weeks, the sores
have healed, and best of all, the hair Is
growing well, and Is NOT WHITE as is
most always the case ln horse wounds.
P. M. DOUCBT,
Weymouth.
ttMAMSTttEMOWTAlNSMOE.
RAINIER BEER AGENCY
LEE R. BARKLEY, Agent
236 CAMBIE STREET
better conditions, comfort, hope and
encouragement to the toilers of America, for their own advancement and
for the betterment of tbe generations
yet unborn.
When Carnegie contributes a library, or Rockefeller donates to a college, or a large sum of money is given
the government for peace plans, the
donor Is mentioned ln the dailies, big
headlines stare at us, and college professors and charity leaders talk with
a loud voice. In contrast with such
gifts are the welfare contributions of
organized labor, amounting annually
to far more than the combined gifts
of the wealthy men of the world—and
about which little Is known and less
said.
During the year 1913 sixty-three international unions paid in death
claims, $1,958,892.83; nine' organizations paid in death claims to wives of
members, $58,420; twenty-six organizations paid for sick benefits, $816,-
336.41; two paid traveling benefits—a
fund to enable members to seek employment— $33,694.10; two paid total
insurance. $2,875.24; eight paid unemployed benefits, $69,445.70. A total of
$2,579,603.01 for one year's time. This
does not include the moneys paid out
for sickness, accidents, death, and distress by the local unions themselves,
which wilt total a much larger sum
than the one given above.
Purposes of the I. W. W.
Vincent St. John, tlie national secretary-treasurer of tbe Industrial
Workers of the World, in testifying
before the Industrial Relations Commission, made the statement tbat the
object of the I. W. W. Is to get control of Industry and that to accomplish this "the end justifies the
means," thus any method that might
be effective would be employed. The
destruction of property and Injuring
and destroying human life would be
resorted to, should sucb action be advantageous to the workers. The
statement coming from an official of
an organization, with a membership
of nearly 14,000, is perhaps the first
time that violence against human life
has been openly declared in tbe strife
between capital and labor. The adherents of this theory are not merely
advocating violence, but work upon
the mistaken principle that economic
and political action are ineffective
and hopeless. This public declaration shows the final attitude of these
extremists.
Housing Betterment
The National Housing association,
and ln particular the Tenement House
committee of the city of New York in
recent publications shows the work
done by their respective organizations
during the past season. The progress
In better housing conditions' brought
about by these and similar organizations has brought the attention of our
municipal and state legislatures to
the need of better laws and duty of
the. state to its citizens in this respect. Eighteen laws and ordinances
dealing with housing conditions were
enacted by states and cities. Concerted and well organized movements
were started ln many of the larger
cities to bring about the enactment
of favorable housing conditions; the
prevention of congestion, of high
buildings, improvement of tenement
house lite and disorder through better sanitation and surroundings, the
removal of the dirty neighbor, the Irresponsible tenant, the careleBS match
thrower, the fire-escape obstructor,
the Indifferent janitor and what not
Already great gains have been made.
The board of health of the city of
New York report* that the death rate
per thousand inhabitants for greater
New York has decreased in ten years
since the tenement house law went
Into effect from 18.74 to 14.11. The
Intent mortality rate especially now
totals only 105 out of every 1,000—the
best rate of any city in the world.
These and other Improvements are
unquestionably attributable to the better sanitary conditions brought about
through ten years of enforcement of
the present tenement house law.
Peculiarly, throughout the entire agitation the spirit of the movement has
undergone a slight change in the
economic argument has been replaced
by a broader Interpretation based not
upon the materialistic conception of
the social order, but that ot Christian
philosophy.
Child Labor Law uatalned
The House of Representatives of
the State ot Massachusettes has killed
the physical test amendment provided
that children could work under the
prescribed age If they were examined
by a physician employed for the purpose by the mayor of a city or by the
selectman ot a town, who would report whether children were capable
without "mental or physical injury."
Under this law the employment ot
minors between fourteen and sixteen
years of age fifty-four hours a week,
would be permissible. The present
law prohibits a child under sixteen
years of age from being employed
more than forty-eight hours per week.
The Interest urging the repeal of the
law have taken into consideration
merely the physical development of
the child, thereby neglecting the mental or spiritual development. The
benefits of the additional hour hereby
guaranteed to the young working
people of the county has already been
evidenced by the Increased enrollment of the continuation and evening
schools, and the increased accumulation of the books in the libraries.
There is no more deadly certain way
to undermine national power than to
deny Its children rights, necessary to
most complete development of heart,
mind and body.
Farm Labor
The federal bureau of labor statistics of the department of agriculture
furnished the information to the effect
that the average length of time per
day required of hired labor in the United States, considered as a whole,
is nine hours and forty-eight minutes
a day. The different seasons of the
year vary this average as follows:
Spring season, nine hours and fifty-
four minutes; summer season, ten
hours and fifty-four minutes; fall season, nine hours and fifty-two minutes,
and tho winter season eight hours and
thirty-three minutes. Since 1893 the
average increase of wages to 1913 has
Increased 54.4 per cent., the amount
paid monthly going up from 13.90 to
21.38, Including board and room, and
a few other privileges. Whether this
increase is equal to that of the cost of
living Is not shown, but the time of
employment under sucli favorable surroundings as are found in agricultural
pursuits, has become an inducement
for the return current of labor to the
land. The Increased facilities for the
alleviating of the more Irksome duties
of the farm laborer, combined with
the recent movement for providing
educational and entertaining opportunities for a rural population promises a much needed revival of the
strength of the agriculturists as a
class.
WAR
War is hate rampant.
IA.il the instincts of brute cunning,
cruel savagery, and wolfish destruction surge in the breasts of men dur
ing war.
War perverts, brutalizes, corrupts
and dehumanizes men.
War is blood mania in action.
It is a shambles of insanity.
It changes -man from a reasoning
nniaml to an unreasoning and fiendish
brute,
"Thou shalt not kill."—Moses ln the
Decalogue.
"Take not up the sword. They that
take up the sword shall perish by the
sword."—Jesus, the Carpenter of Nazareth.
"Always when there is a war, the
devil makes hell larger."—German
Proverb.
"Cannons and firearms are cruel
and murderous machines." — Martin
Luther.
"O, war, thou son of hell!"—William Shakespeare.
"War is  a brain-spattering, windpipe splitting art."—Lord Bacon.
,   "War is the devil's gambling game."
—Rev. John Wesley.
"There never was a good war or a
bad peace."—Dr. Benjamin Franklin.
"War is. the trade of barbarism."—
Napoleon Bonaparte.
"A good man never makes a good
soldier. The worst man always makes
the best soldier. The soldier Is nothing but a hired legalized murderer."—
Napoleon Bonaparte.
"Providence takes no notice of
which side Is right or wrong in any
war. Providence is always on the
side of the heaviest artillery."—Napoleon Bonaparte.
"The military profession is a damnable profession." — Lord Wellington,
Napoleon's,rival and conqueror.
"Napoleon was a mighty gambler,
whose game was empires, whose
stakes were. t hrones, whose table,
earth, whose dice were human bones."
—Lord Byron.
"My greatest regret is that I have
been the author of three wars in
whioh thousands of lives were lost."—
Chancellor Prince Bismarck, according to Dr. Busch, Bismarck's biographer.
"The soldier is a hired assassin."—
Victor 'Hugo.
"In the twentieth century war will
be dead, the scaffold will be dead,
national boundaries will be dead, only
man will live."—Victor Hugo.
"General Sherman said: 'War Is
hell.' As business men are the cause
of all wars, lt may be well to say:
'Business Is hell." Admiral Swinburne
of the United States navy.
"Down with the army and navy. We
do nqt need killing machines. We
need only life-giving machines."—Jack
London. ^
Labor Press
Workers of America, be glad that
we have a labor press. Were lt not
for the lahor press of this country
most of us would know no more about
the tremendous struggle which is agitating modern society from center to
circumference than we know about
next year's weather. It is true that
the corrupt rags of capitalism furnish us after a fashion with more or
less news of labor's travail. But they
would not do so but for the knowledge that the labor press will give
us the news anyway. Even at that
the dally dopesters ot the capitalistic
press manage to color their lahor
news In such a way that the lay reader, the reader who never looks at a
labor paper, Is Inoculated wtth a lurking suspicion that the mllltla or vigilantes must have been loafing on the
job to let the workers carry on like
that. Moral: If you want labor news
that Ib labor, news, read labor papers.
—Coast Seamen's Journal,
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—
Meeta In annual convention In January. Eiecutive osteon, 1114-16: President, A. Watchman; vice-presidents, w.
F. Dunn, B. J. MoEwen, Oeo. Hardy, J.
W. Oray, H. Knudson, J. J, Taylor, B.
Simmons. Secretary-treasurer, A. S.
Wells, Box MS, Victoria, a. O.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
NBW WEBTMINSTBR TRADES AND
Ji**"L Counoll—Meets every seeond
and fourth Wednesday at I p. m. In Labor
Hall. President, D. S. Cameron; flnanclal
secretory, H. Olbb; general eecretary, W.
B. Maiden. P. o. Box 984. The public Is
Invited to attend
PLUMBERS' AND STBAMF1TTBRS LO-
. S1 ™i,i~1'ee,,' "•7 aecond and
fourth Friday of month In Labor HalL
7.80 p.m. President, D. Webster; seoretary, A. McLaren. P. O. Box SSI, Ntw
Weatmlnlter, B. C,
UNITED BROTHERHOOD 6# OAfeE
penters, Local Union No. USD—Meeta
every Monday, I p. m„ Labor Temple,
corner Royal avenue and Seventh street
President, M. C. Schmendt; eecretary, A.
Walker, Labor Temple, New Weitmin-
fltcr, B. C.
BARTEI*DBRB' LOOAL 714—MBBTS IS
Labor Temple, New Westminster,
corner Seventh etret and Royal avenue,
every second Sunday of each month, at
1.80 p. m. President, F. 8. Hunt; secretary, F. W. Jameson. Vlslttaf brothers
Invited.
VANOOUVER UNIONS
TR*\E5?. JW LAB0R COUNCIL-
Meets rim and third Tbundayfc
Executive board: W. E. WalkarTnSl-
bELJ' -U'Yftr- vloe-^ffidStroS.
£ftrtI1*'' general secretary, 110 Labor
Wl Bet H. OuttSldae, SeaJSii
uTJi Br"«£»ne, ■•aUsUcTanj sergeant-
KS22 dobS _s,u|l,i * Curnock, ».
Knowles, w. B. Trotter, trustees.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LTD.—
u„vD.'£*cJ*"',': ST,i A. Hoover, J. a.
•"Vety, James Brown, Edward Lottilaa,
SniEll?' John McMillan, Murdock McKensle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free. Manag-
lng director, j. h' MovSt"Room lH.
ALL""f> fRINTINO TRADES COUN-
Pr«M.In",$,,,,,.!Ild "onday ln month.
MftMr uent"r' *■ «•
VICTORIA, B. C.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meete first and third Wednesday, Labor Hall, 7J1 Johnston street.
at I p.m. President, George Dykeman;
lecretary, Thot. F. Mathlson. box 101,
Victoria, B. C.
MINERS' UNIONS
KIMBERLBT MINERS'vUNION, No. 140.
Western Federation of iSkiert—Meets
Sunday evenings In Union Hall. Presi-
??nts tsS" Wilson: secretary-treaaurer,
M. P. Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B. C
LADYSMITH MINERS' UNION, LOCAL
No. 2381, U. M. W. of A.—Meete Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. President,
Sam Outhrle; secretary, Duncan McKen-
«le, Ladysmlth, B. C.
NANAIMO LOCAL UNlbN U. M. W. ol
A.—Meets every Monday at 7.10 p. m.
In tht'Athlttlc Club, Chapel street.   Ar-
thur Jordan, Box 410, Nanalmo, B. C.
CUMBERLAND LOCAL UNION, No.
2299, U. M. W. of A—Meets every
Sunday 7 p.m. In U. M. W. of A. boll.
President. Jos. Naylor; secretary, James
Smith, Box 84, Cumberland, B. C.
TRAIL MILL AND SMELTERMBN'S
, Union, No. 105, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7.80 p.m. President,
F. W. Perrln; secretary, Frank Campbell, Box ts, Trail, B. C.
SANDON MINERS' UNION, No. II,
Western Federation of Miners—Meets
every Saturday ln the Miners' Union
hall. Address all communications to tht
Secretary,  Drawer "K.," Sandon, B.C.
LABOR TEMPLE CLUB, POOL
AND READING ROOM OPEN
SEVEN DAYS A WEEK.
giiiiNiiiiiiniiwiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiuiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiini
1 HereisYourAnswerfin I
i ,   WEBSTElfc      1
i New International!
I -TheMerriahWebster g
=     Even oa you rend this publication you I
== likely question the moaning of some '=
=   newword. Afriendanka:"\Vhiltmiikofl  H
s  mortar harden?" You eoek the location
s ot Loch Kntrlne or the pronunciation of
MuUu. Whllt isirfiHeraif? ThisNEW
CREATION answers nil kindeefquet-
tionsin Language, History. Biography,
fiction, Foreign words, Trades, Arte
and Sciences, wttktnal authority.
400.000 WordsandPhraaesDeflned.
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Cost $400,000. j
2700 Pages.
The only dictionary wii
the aw divided pace,
characterised at "A
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Write for ipealmen pates, J
Illustration!, shi. -*
"Did you ever notice the word
'grant'? When a poor old farmer gets
hold of forty acres he buys it, but
when grafters get hold of a million
acres lt is always granted to them,
The International Brotherhood of
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and
Helpers of America will open its annual convention at San Francisco on
Monday.
Halifax, N. S„ painters receive
33 1-3 cents an hour for this year and
36 cents an hour ln 1915; time nnd
one-halt till 10 p.m., from then on till
morning, double time, except ship
work, on which overtime is double
price.
Spokane Falls Typographical union,
No. 193, has elected W. J. Poole its
president, C. D. Grothe vice-president,
and G. B, Knott secretary-treasurer.
J. H, Daley and Fred Barker are delegates-elect to the I. T. U. Providence,
R. I., convention.
BUSINESS  AGENT   DIRECTORY
Ask for Labor Ttmplt 'Phont Exchange,
Seymour 7495 (unlets otherwlee stated)
Bartenders—Room 208: Geo. W. Curnock.
B. C. Federatlonltt—Room 817; R. P.
Pettlplece.
Bridge and Structural Iron Workers—W.
L. Tula Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters—Room 200;
Hugh McEwen.
Bricklayers—Room 211; Wm. S. Dagnall.
Barbers—Room 208; C. F. Burkhart!
phone Sey. 1771.
Hod Carriers, Bulldera and Commaa Laborers—Room 220; John Sully.
Cooks. Walters, Waltrettet—Room 2SS
W. E. Walker; Ttl. Seymour 8414.
Electrical Workeri (outtldt)— Room
207: w. F. Dunn.
Electrical Worken (lnildt)—Room 187;
F. L. Estinghausen.
Engineers (Steam)—Room 218; Ed.
PrerudergMt
Labor Temple Co.—Room Sll; J. H.
McVety.
Longshoremen's Association — Office,
145 Alexander street; H. Hannlng; tel.:
Seymour 6369.
Moving Picture Operators—O. R. Hamilton, Room 100, Loo Bldg. Tel. Bey.
3048.
Musicians—-H. J.  Brasfleld, rooms 29
Williams Building, 413 Granville Street.
Seymour 2630.
plasterer*—Jot Hampton; Tel. Seymour 1614. _     t ■>   M
Street Railway Employeet—Fred. A.
Hoover: Seymour 508.
Trades and Labor Counoll—Room 210;
Geo. Bartley.
Typographical—Rooms 212, 218, 214;
H, H. Neelands.
w"l;??„p??Ta«" operators, iu:
^auJsR- 'A.T.S.E.-Meets every second Sunday of each month, Labor Tem-
£&.!.& P' fn*HVf- A. o. Hansen;
n?^L,.7.T.lre*5,'X' °' "■ Hamilton; busl-
t^____S??fo,t0mM' **•—W
Meeta aecond Sunday of each month
™*™ «-'». Wl'lama Building* 418 Oraft
™!m.*E5"',. ^""S0?'' J- Sawyer; vice-
preaident, F. Engl sb; secretary, H. J
BraiHe'd: treasurer, w. Fowle"
siiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiitoiiiiinuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiilii
CENTER &H ANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 GEORGIA  STREET
One  Block  west  of  Court House.
Use   of  Modern  Chape)  and
Funeral   Parlors   free   to  all
Patrons
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS AND
EMBALMERS
Vanoouver—Ofllct and Chaptl,
1084 Qranvlllt St., Phone Sty. 8488.
North Vancouvtr — Offlot and
ohaptl, 118 Steond St. E. Phont
184.
ALL   UNION   STORES   DISPLAY
THIS CARD
DISEASES OF MEN
We Issue a written guarantee
that ZIT will cure or your money
btck.
Differs from all other remedies.
Pries ___ Pest Paid.
McDUFFEE BROS.
THB    OBLIGING   DRUGGISTS
132 Cordova St W.
Vancouver, B. C.
BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS LO-
•■• "--- CAL No. 41-Meett seoond and fourth Satur-
d.iy,A 'i5' P-m- President,
■irxy^ns H- «■ Leeworthy; corret-
S*_m_ S      Ponding eecretary,  R.  J.
°lr*m*},r...V        ,'V^*,""'„busl'"''" '""<■ J-
IS*WEJg|,i     Black    Room   220,   Labor
Ba5b!Ss;~L0cal   No.   120-MEETS
________ ,8py*<»s WW:
BA1j™NpERS"r~LdCAL~ No'. 676-Op:
flrat <SlJoom.m Lab*"' Temple jS
F   P   LavlJne   & i"!""'1'    &wffi?
-,!;iVKRs;TNDTffAs*!ws*rNri
8   DM,   tto,omVe307,8tp"nd,2r'' ^^r-
R Brown?°h„SL! """nc'-" secretary F
__Sn 2\tMBB *^ent' w- S- Dog-'
B%\™K„!iVr"fen!e"5S?
^^r-'^^m&
BROTHBRHooi) OF BOILER MAKimi
"°Wory. A. Fraser, lm B^rJ
UnL^SRS,*?^«TRBS8BS
J°''Mfc' 1 Pm. to 8.80 and 6 am  to tH
ac.^s-j-'M
mSTRICl' COUNCIL OF CARPBNTBRJ
..chms,„?Tp. s* tSrv
con   871 Hirnby Vtreet; bJshSSs JiJSit
2™d Local imt^SUS 2' f,oh nu,n"'i
r^____ol S__ *"•" ™  «■**«
V?*^ JOKERS, LOCAL NO.
s n m~bLmH *¥"%' m «v«ry Monday
S«tm'„Pr«l<!«n". Dave Fink; Jlce-presi;
Roy'BlSi. *Tlj;&r'Veti0,'*']ln'' ■•'""£,
r«il™ K5 i**?* Temple; flnanolal eecretary and business agent. W. F Tinni,
_™J_J*_^?m_fX W' F' Dunn'
BL«iTR?i<;'iii.wfis*fB5?' voc^ *&
thiJ itJSXS* .""nl-Heett first and
third Monday; of tteh month. Room 8«,
f„J-m- President, H. P. McCoy; reeord-
•"»„.""•'•■Tl „0«o. Albert; 'tutlntit
agent, F. L. Estinghausen, Room 187.
Taanpff-r-fSJ8'   INTERNATIONAL*
ASSOCIATION, - No.     28 X 62—Meeta
____T  ' a J' Ke"yi s*"!^',"•r,•
MACHINISTS, NO. 182-MEET8 SBC-
Pr..Ml.'"l'1 '■""■'h/Fridayi, 8 p. ra.
President. A^ n. Towler; recording secre-
McVety Brmk*" "nanclol secretary, J. H.
°™RATIVB PLASTERERS' INTER:
•.-W?1'*!' ASSOCIATION, No. !£-
»•?<• "rst and third Wtdnetdajr, O'Brien
SSi'.JLp'm- peaMent, O. Dean; corret-
™raJ.".g~*"Xe,JnrLp' Snmpter; flnanclal
secreUry, D. Soott; treaeurer, I. Tyion:
lej  1614 "■*""'    J°*   HamP'°n.    Phone
PAINTERS',    PAPERHANGERS'    AND
Decorators',    Local  188—Meets every
Thursday,   7.80   p. m.   President,  Skene \
Thomson; flnanclal secretary, J.  Freckelton, 811 Seymour street: recording sec- ,
retary, George Powell, 1680 Fourth Ave.,
west.  Business agent, James Train, room I
303, Labor Temple. I
rAtr^Sr^,*Rg5S'~^"LRAGUE"*^? J
, NORTH AMERICA.-Vancouver and
vicinity. .Branch meets 1st and 3rd Fridays at Labor Temple, room 206. Robert
C. Sampson, Pres.. 747 Dunlevy Ave.:
Jos. G. Lyon, flnanclal secretary, 1721
Grant atreet; J. Campbell, aecordliig sec-
rctary, 4889 Argyle atreet.
STONECUTTERS', VANCOUVER ,
Branch—Meets second   Tuesday, 8.00
Fi. m.   President, J. Marshall; corrosnond-
ng secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 104fr lln- \
anclal^secretary^ K. McKenzle.
STEREOTYPERB' AND ELECTROTYPE
... flf fnjon, No. 88, of Vancouver and
Victoria—Meets second Wednesday of
each month, 4 p. m„ Labor Temple. President, Chat. Bayley.; recording secretary.
A. Birnle, co. "News Advertiser."
STREET   AND   ELECTRIC   RAILWAY '
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second fourth
Wednesdays at 2 p. m„ and flrat and '
third Wednesdays, 8 p. m. President,
Adam Taylor: recording secretary, Albert
V. Lofting, 2838 Trinity street, phone,
Highland 1672: flnanclal secretary, Fred.
A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive.
STEAM  ENGINEERS,   INTERNATION-
al Local 397—Meets every Wednesday
8 p. m., room 204, Labor Temple. Financial secretary, E. Prendergaat, room 218.
TAILORS' INDUSTRIAL UNION (IN-
ternatlonal), Local No, 178—Meetings
held flrst Tuesday In eaoh month, 8 p. ra.
President, H. Nordlund; recording ttort-
tary, C. MoDonald, Box 603; flnanclal
secretary, L, Wakley, P. O. Box 603.
THEATRICAL STAGE EMPLOYEES,
Local No. 118—Meets ttcond Sunday
of each month at Room 294, Labor Temple. President, H. Spears; recording secretary, Geo. W. Allln, P.O. Box 711, Van-
couver.    .
TYPOGRAPHICAL   UNION   NO.   188— '
Meett  list  Sundty etch  month,  8 I
p.m.   President, R. P. Pettlplece;   vlct-
presldent,    W.    S.    Metsger,    teorttary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P. O. Box 86.
SVNOPSI8  OF   COAL   MINING   REGULATIONS
Cool mining rights of the Dominion, J
In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberto,!
the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Ttr-I
rltorles and ln a portion nf the Province!
of British Columbia, may be leased for]
a term of twenty-one years at an annual!
rental of 81 an acre. Not more than]
2,660 acres will be leased' to one appll-J
cant. I
Applications for lease must be made by]
the applicant In person to the Agent orl
Sub-Agent of the district in whieh the!
rights applied for are situated. I
In surveyed territory the land must btl
described by sections, or legal subdlvls-f
Ions of sections, and In unsurveyed ter-l
ritory the tract applied for shall "
staked by the applicant himself.
Each application muat be accompanied!
by a fee of 86, which will be refunded Ifl
the rights applied for are not avallableT
but not otherwise. A royalty shall bel
paid on the merchantable output of the]
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns]
accounting for the full quantity of merl
ohantable coal mined and pay the royalJ
ty thereon. If the coal mining rlghtT
are not being operated, such return*
should be furnished at least once a year!
The lease will Include the coal minlntf
rights only, but the lessee may be perl
mltted to purchase whatever avallabl!
surface rlghta may be considered necesl
sary for the working of the mine at thl
rate of 810 an acre. 1
For full information application shoull
be made to the Secretary of the Depart
ment of tbe Interior, Ottawa, or to an
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Landi
W. H. CORY,     .
Deputy Minister of the Interloi
N. B.—Unauthorized publication of tha
advertisement will not be paid for—3069f ( FRIDAY JUNE 12, 1914.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
PAGE SEVEN
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Florists and Nursery Men
THREE STORES IN VANCOUVER
41 Hastings St.
Phont Sty. SU
TM Ortnvlllt St.
401 GrtwiUt SL
Phont Sty. HIS
Phtnt Sty. IraT
V1CT0BIA STORB, 818 VIEW ST.
Slit Avt. tnd Main St.
Phont Fairmont 786.
GREENHOUSES
Victoria, B.C.
Hammond, ■. C.
Long Distinct Phone IT
Ten Acre Farms at $30 Per Acre
Payable $5,00 Down and $6.00 Psr Month, Without Interest
Open meadow land situate In the fertile Bella Ooola District, on
river and lake and olose to two new railroads. Wagon road, telegraph
and telephone lines to property. Rich soil, splendid climate. Especially adapted for mixed farming, chicken or hog ranching. Call or
write for full particulars before all tracts are sold.
J. I. Eakin & Co.
SOS Bolden Building
TAjscotmta, a. o,
Without obligation,  pleaae mall
partloulart of your ten-acre farms.
BY GEORGE BARTLEV
*fi*l
POULTRY
NOTES
Growing chicks need an all-round
diet.
Have a time for feeding. The hens
will soon set their olook by yours.
Handle eggs with care; one egg
spoiled Is several cents gone.
No way to freshen eggs after they
get stale.  Sell them when fresh.
Buttermilk tastes as good to your
hens as tt does to ypu ln June.
Too many warm eggs in a crate or
basket tend to spoil. Spread them
out.
If you can help it, never disturb a
hen when she Is laying. That la her
busy day.
Chicks require ahout the same food
that full-grown hens do, only less of
lt.
A piece of growing corn near the
hen houses Is an excellent thing for
the birds to run through. They will
get a lot of feed from it.
plH MEADOWS OIL WELLS LID
1       DERRICK & PROPERTY
Oil inj\ritish(blumbiai
IT!
1. Vancouver business men on way to Pitt Meadows.
2. New derrick under construction.
3. Head Driller Finch and Assistant Southwlck.
4. Steel casing and supplies.
PATTER80N WELL STARTED,       Company are all men well known and
About two years ago, after a thor- whose Integrity can not be questioned,
ough examination of Pitt Meadows ThlB new company's holdings iiland vicinity by oil experts, men who elude 1,920 acres, Including the lands
had examined Into the possibilities of originally owned by the original corn-
oil In different fields throughout the pany, upon which the wells are locat-
*he Present Oil Wells Are Near wor''1' We" No' * waB Btarted Bt a oa, and oil lands adjoining the flrst
Where the 0, P. S. More
Than Twenty-three Years
Ago Struck Big Force
of   Gas.
/Limited, Locally Known as
the Patterson Wells, Had
Oil  in  First Well.
Big   Flow   of   Oil.
point near the centre of the oil area, holdings which are considered to be
which comprises an area of about in the very centre of the oil area of
4 1-2 miles wide and 28 miles long. Pitt Meadows oil fields and no money
Well No. 1 was sunk to a depth of is being spared by the new company
1,220 feet or thereabouts, this well to bring In a flowing well at the earl-
being put down through unknown iest possible moment. The wells are
strata, encountered a heavy Sow of equipped with every modern mechant-
^___ water. The bailers, however, coming cal appliance and tools for drilling
up from the lower borings just before operations. In speaking of the pos-
he Pitt Meadows Oil Wells the well was abandoned on account of slblllttos of oil in this district with the
water, all carried some oil and this head driller, Mr. Finch, while not in
fact, taken into consideration to- any way connected with the company,
gether with the fact that there were ho-did not hesitate In saying that the
1,200 feet of water In the well Is re- last 700 leet of drilling in Well No. 2
markable, as it is a fact that wells ln were aB good as any he had ever seen
the older and pronounced oil wells ln and he was practically certain that
a nn t>^ii»i W/>«r In different parts of the world, ln many oil ln large quantities would be se-
ixpenencea uu tinners now in ln8tanceB wouM not 8how anJr 0u c,lre,i Mr southwlck, whose tech-
Charge Who Have Every with such a tremendous water pres- nical knowledge and experience of oil
«.uh ;„ n«ulii»<ii<v a 8ure- conditions In the great fields of Call-
J! Sinn in rroouraug m We)1 No j ha(J encountered the oil fornin is perhaps of as much weight
sands and proved to the satisfaction ns that of the head driller, said ln
of everyone that otl could be had in speaking of the possibilities of oil at
~ the Pitt Meadows district, and Well Pitt Meadows thot it was his unbiased
Recently the worth was electrified No. 2 was Immediately started. opinion that owing to the gas pressure
iv the renort of oil found near Cal- No. 2 Weil Is a model of conBtruc- in the present will, it is almost posi-
mrv For months prior to this, dif- tion. It Ib drilled perfectly straight tive that oil in paying quantities
'Brant newsnsnerB in Calgary had for a depth of 1,170 feet and Is cased would be encountered shortly, and
imn telling of the excellent prospects all the way to the bottom with heavy again the water coming to the surface
f striking oil in paying quantities steel casing, the bottom case being 8 In the present well, it is almost posi-
nd altogether a great amount of puh- Inches in diameter. On reaching thlB an excellent indication of the well con-
city had been given to the fields depth in the early morning of Thurs- tainlng oil.
ong before any evidence of the exist- day, May 21, the engine house caught EXPERT OPINIONS
ince of oil appeared. Fortunately Are nnd there being only a lew work- The services of no less thsn eight
or Alberta's reputation, oil ln at men present nnd n heavy wind blow- experts have been secured hy the
east one well has been encountered Ing, the ontlro engine house, belt room original owners oi the wells to ex-
n quantities which appear to be But- and derrick were burned to the |imfne into tlie merits of these, with-
Icient to justify unlimited prospect- ground before the Are could be ex- out nn exception have expressed their
ng In thnt district for other wollB. tlnguished. Work wss Immediately opinion In writing to the effect that
'ontrnry to this barn-storm method stnrtod upon the building of a new there is at Pitt Meadows a large body
,f developing and exploiting oil, bUBl- derrick nnd engine house. 0f commercial oil which can be had
>ess men of BrltlBh Columbia have This work Is under the personal with a limited amount of prospecting,
leen nuletlv drilling'In the vicinity of supervision ot an expert In tills par- Again the fact that these wells are
Vancouver In fact within 24 miles of ticular line nnd we may add that tlie located near tide water, where a pipe
he centre'of town, conBtently drilling building of oil derricks Is a profes- iine can eaBily be built from the wells,
or oil with every assurance of buc- slon In itself. Mr. M, Southwlck of delivering oil direct to tho oil tankers
B This oil drilling and prospecting the Kern County Oil Wells of Call- will make this product more profitable
las been carried on by men prominent fornla, has this work under his per- than oil found in more remote parts
n the affairs of Western Canada. They aonal charge. Mr. Southwlck, whose 0f the country where heavy freight
laced their own money into the pro- picture appears standing beBide Head rates must be mot with,
osition after a thorough examination Driller Finch, is a man of both tech- IMPORTANCE TO VANCOUVER
v experts and after seeing for them- nical and practical experience gained The importance of finding oil at
elves the excellent Btirface lndlca- by many years of study and practical put Meadows to the people of Van-
ions proving in their own mind that work in the great oil fleldB of Call- couver can not be overestimated. The
11 existed at Pitt Meadows ln large fornia and eastern slates. bringing of paying oil and the proof or
uantities The public has not been The drilling operations of Well No. a large oil area within a radluB of
ppralsed of the efforts of these opera- ? are under the personal supervision twenty miles of Vancouver will make
Ions nor has any appeal been made of Mr. Marshall H. Finch, of Penn- it one of the principal seaports of the
) the public for financial aid, nor one sylvnnia nnd Ohio Oil Fields. Mr. world. It will give to Vancouver a
hare of atock offered in order to raise Finch has been actively engaged In prestige over any other seaport on the
imda to carry on the work whioh has drilling oil wells for more than 24 Pacific Coast and will add greatly to
een going on for nearly two years, yeara and his experience is proving jt8 population by Increasing manufac-
nd which has cost upwards of 166,000. Invaluable to tbe Pitt Meadows Oil tures which are sadly needed here at
So quietly has this work been going Wells Limited. The operation being the preHent time. The flrat Bubscrlp-
n that very few people ln Vancouver under the direct charge of such a tion of shares ever offered to the pub-
eally knew of the existing conditions, competent man, it is expected that i|c was made Wednesday morning,
'he fact of the matter is that more the oil drilling will be resumed The shares were eagerly subscribed
lan twenty-three years ago the C. within a few days nnd will be contln- for at 60 cents per share and about
Railroad, ln prospecting for coal nod until the oil sands have been all of the first allotment has been tak-
t a point near where the present oil encountered. All of this work has en up by local people. On Interview-
ells nre being bored, struck a heavy been accomplished by private indi- |ng one of the principal stockholders
is flow with a diamond drill. At vldunlB and ns before explained, no it was learned that this Is not to be a
iat time the gas was of no value and stock has been offered for sale in or- stock-Belling proposition, aB only a
I had no commercial value. For der to aid the work in a financial way. sufficient amount of stock will .be Bold
lis reason the incident wae soon for- NEW COMPANY ORGANIZED to carry on the work of producing a
itten. While seepages and other In- Through the efforts of Mr. Geo. H. well nnd as soon as the present nllot-
cations of gas have been discovered Salmon, Manager of the Dominion ment has been disposed of, no more
id prospecting done In a desultory Stock & Bond Corpbratlon, Limited, stock will be disposed of at any price.
»y for several years at Pitt Mea- a new company haB been formed to At present time subBcriptlonB can be
iws, not until the work done on the take over holdings of tho original had at the'office of the Dominion Stock
311b known locally as the Patterson company with a capitalization of one & Bond Corporation Limited, in the
ells wae there any systematic or million shares, par value ot $1.00 Winch Building, or from any of their
telllgent prospecting accomplished,   each.   The   directorate of  this new sub-agents.
During hot weather use care In
keeping vessels sweet, and ln placing
same in the shade. Always give it before lt becomes popping sour.
Use fresh Insect powder, tobacco
dust, cedar tea or a combination of
these to rout lice and mites about the
setters and their premises.
It Is an experiment well worth trying and on farms where there is a
good orchard, there can be no more
ideal place to grow the youngsters.
It Ib true that we can not make
late summer hatched stock grow to
bo large a size as spring birds, but
they will be just as good layera.
The closer you keep up in market;
ing your eggs the less loss there will
be. It doesn't take long for eggs to
spoil when the mercury Ib hot.
Hens will get a good deal ot their
food ln the fields if they have a
chance, but try them with a bit more
every morning and night. A bit too
much is better than hunger.
Eggs accidentally broken may lead
hens to get the habit of eating them.
If ever you see a broken egg anywhere around, take care of lt immediately.
This Is a hurrying time for hens.
Two or three will sometimes be on
the nest at one time. For that reason, better gather the eggs often, and
thus keep any from being broken.
Some dogs need a bit of educating
on the matter of chasing'hens. See
that they get It. A mischievous dog
will just about spoil a flock of birds
if lt gets the notion of chasing them.
Eggs from slek and diseased fowls
should never be used for hatching
purposes. Strong chicks are parented
by strong, healthy fowls only—and lt
is no use trying to fool yourself otherwise, i
There isi no sense ln supplying ventilation on a windy night, as few
poultry houses are not so built that
there will not be plenty without lt;
still, with a tight house, such as laying hens should have, ventilation Is
of most Importance.
Contentment is the best egg tonic.
When fowls "feel at home" and are
properly oared for, they will produce
eggB in plenty; hut move them about
from house to house or ship them to
some distant point, and It will be
noticed the egg crop quickly drops.
Each year summer hatching is carried on more extensively. Experiments have proved that there Is a
proflt ln June, July, August and September hatches, but the chicks must
be attended to. It Is just as important
to protect the youngsters from the
heat as from the cold.
At the present price of grain, lt
costs eighteen cents a dozen to grow
eggs. There surely Is not much proflt in them at twenty cents a dozen;
It would hardly pay for the labor.
Therefore, turning twenty-cent eggs
Into poultry will bring sufficient returns to make the proflt equal that obtained when eggs sold at double the
amount.
It Is more profitable to continue
this summer hatching than lt Is to
sell the eggs for only a fraction more
than it costs to produce them. It
has been fully demonstrated that the
price of winter eggs can be obtained
by the summer product when turned
into chickens. The secret of some of
the largest poultry farms in the country is to sell table eggs when the
prices are the highest, and turn them
into poultry when the prices take a
decided drop. i
L
Manager McMillan Visits
Vancouver Island-
Chinese Labor *
Poultry in Good Supply-
Tomatoes and Local
Berries Arriving
A. B. LOWE
Labor Gazette Comments on
His Work
About fifteen years ago the famous
strike of the maintenance-of-way employees occurred on the C. P. R. At
that time it was believed tbat the
"navvies," as an organization were impotent. Marie Joussaye wrote a poem,
the title of which was "Ninety Cents
a Day." It made a "hit," to use a
phrase of common parlance. This
waB sung from ocean to ocean. The
men "stood out" for their rights, and
In the end the pick and shovel men
won. The roadbed kept getting worse
and worse. The engineers grew restless at the conditions of affairs. A
joint meeting of the "brotherhoods"
was held, and on a certain night tt
was decided by the representatives
that a general tie-up would take place.
And low and behold this famous decision had its effect for the very next
day the great transcontinental railway company came to terms which
were satisfactory to the C. P.- R. and
Its employees. There were diplomats at work on this occasion, and It
remained with tlie late President Wilson of St. Louis, nnd the revered
Brother Lowe, n staunch Canadian,
who were Instrumental In bringing
negotiations to a close. It Is to the
credit of the Labor Gazette to print
the following tribute of worth: "A. B.
Lowe, for many years Intimately associated with tlie International Brotherhood of Unintennnce-of-Way employees, and during the past six years
president of that order, has during
the past month, owing, as it is understood, to Increasing years, resigned
the presidency and has been succeeded in that ofllce by T. H. Gerry, of
Walnut Grove, North Carolina, formerly one of the vice presidents of the
brotherhood. Mr. Gerrey's election to
the presidency Is understood to have
been unanimous. Mr. Lowe, who Is
now verging on 70 years of age, is a
Canadian by nationality and lived until a few years ago at Kingston, Ont.
He is widely known throughout Canada and has been a leading figure In
the adjustment of many difficulties between his order and the different railways of the dominion, as well as in
the case of similar difficulties south
of the boundary line. Mr. Lowe's
Influence has been always ln favor of
conciliation, and his efforts have resulted, as a rule, both ln securing for
the employees better terms as to
wages and working conditions and In
an Improvement of the relations between the employees and the railway
companies. Mr. Lowe, In writing the
department as to these matters, states
that his efforts will continue to be
used ln the direction of conciliation
and the adjustment of disputes In
Canada under the terms of the Industrial Disputes Investigation act, of
which he has been from the flrst a
strong and consistent advocate."
Strawberries are now arriving ln
good quantities. Chilllwack haB bo
far the best and most saleable barrier.
Ingram & Klines shipped their first
lot on Wednesday. They arrived ln
perfect condition. The boxes were
well filled, nicely graded, and sold
readily at 12.25 per crate. Other
grades made as low as 11.25 a crate;
these were mostly out of condition
owing to the wet weather.
Tomatoes are now arriving ln very
large quantities, and lt is a tribute
to the quality and condition of the
tomatoes that the price Is being well
maintained. Cobble Hill Is the largest
sender. Prioes this week: No. 1,13.75;
No. 2, $3.60; No. 3, 12.60.
Poultry Is In good supply, prices are
satisfactory. Eggs are rather short
with same values as last week. Butter
from the Okanagan Ib selling at 30c.
per lb. Potatoes are almost off the
market now, and for the few that are
on offer 230 per ton Is the selling
price.
The past week Is one which has
meant a great deal to the farmer. On
my visit to Vanoouver Island lt was
disheartening to see the large quantities of fruit which were wilting tn
the dry, hot sun. The rain of the
past week will alter the whole aspect
of affairs and will mean thousands
of dollars to the farmers of the
islands. Another outstanding feature on Vancouver Island ts the number of Chinamen who are employed
by our white growers. These men are
paid $1.75 a day. Is lt nut possible
to have white men do our growing?
The feeling of the majority of Vanoouver people is to patronise the
white men, hut It seems to me that
they may as well deal direct with the
Chinaman as deal through a white
man employing Chinamen. This Is a
matter that our growers should consider well. What is to be the ultimate end of the Chinamen? Will
they alwayB remain employees? I
fear not. In the near future they will
be the employers. Is lt necessary to
go through the same experience as
California before anything Is done?
Why not Btart now? We have hun
dreds of young men in our province
today who would make Ideal gardeners, but are denied the opportunity.
It is to be greatly hoped that some of
our farmers will take this up at association meetings and not allow the
matter to rest until the man who employs Asiatics will be treated as a
traitor to his kind.
RETAIL PRICES.
Following are cash prices for delivered staple   commodities   hy local
dealers:
Beef, sirloin steak, beat,
lb      9
Beef, medium, shoulder,
roast, lb 15
Veal, roasting piece from
forequarter, lb IS
bfutton, leg roast, lb 17
Pork, freah, roasting
piece from ham, lb	
Pork, salt, short cut,
Canadian mens, lb	
BreakfaBt bacon, smoked,
beat, not sliced	
Flsh, fresh, good quality,
Salmon, lb	
Lard, pure leaf, best, lb..
Egge. strictly fresh, dos.
Eggs, packed, dos.	
Milk, delivered, quart	
Butter, dairy, In tubs, lb.
Butter, creamery, prints,
Ib	
Cheose, local, Canadian,
old, lb	
Cheese, local, Canadian,
new,  Ib	
Bread, white, IH lb. loaf
Flour, ordinary family,
26 lb. bag	
Boiled oats, standard, 7
lbs	
Rice, good medium "B"
brand   	
Beans, common, dry,
hand picked, lb	
Apples, evaporated, lb	
Prunes,  Ib ....
Tea, black, Ceylon, Pekoe,  Souchongs,  ib	
Ten, green, Japan, good
common  	
Coffee, roasted, Rio or
Santos    	
Potatoes, local, sack.	
Vinegar, white wine, xxx
qt	
Starch, laundry, lb	
Sugar, enne, granulated,
in 18 lb. bags 	
Sugar, cane, yellow, in
17 lb. bags 	
Coal, Penn. good anthracite, stove size, delivered,  ton  	
Coal,. bituminous, delivered,   lump,   ton	
Coal, bituminous, delivered, nut, ton	
Coal, bituminous, delivered, pea, ton  	
Dry   cordwood,   cord...—..
Blocks,   load    „..rf»™.
Mill ends, load	
Slabs, short lengths, load
Slabs, four foot lengths,
cord  _	
.16
9   .18
.20
.26
.22    9    .26
....      9    .18
...      9    .26
.... 9 .16
... 9 .16
... 9 .30
... 9 .26
....      9    .28
....      9    .36
....      9    .30
.00
9    .86
9    .36
.08
.06
.121,4
.1214
.40
9
9    .60
.40
1.E0
.26
9 1.00
9 1.00
©18.00
9 7.60
9 8.60
« 6.26
« 6.00
9 3.60
a 3.00
9 2.00
9 2.50
MINARD'S LINIMENT CURE8
DISTEMPER
mi
Btmva
GLOVES
BEB THAT
TBE LABEL
LABEL I ii o>
BACK PA1B
f^LEmWi
UNION  CARPENTERS'   LABEL
CHOICE 10-ACRE BLOCKS
AGASSIZ VALLEY
CLOSE TO TOWN AND RAILWAY
LONG'TERMS AND NO INTEREST
LATIMER, NEY& McTAVISH, Ltd.
419 PENDER ST., VANCOUVER, B.C.
This Handsome Rocker
OUR REGULAR $6.50 VALUE
A BARGAIN FOR READERS
OF THE FEDERATIONIST AT
It's the kind of rocker tbat speaks for solid comfort—
and Is built to give years ot service and satisfaction.
As Illustrated—comes ln natural shade, with maple
frame, finest of reed seat and back, fancy turned legs
and front rail, and long, shaped rockers. It's a rocker
suitable for the living room and parlor, and during the
summer months makes a suitable piece of furniture for
the verandah, lawn, porch and garden. Would sell In
the regular selling way tor 16.50, but specially priced
for readers of The Federatlonist this week t
(and who bring with them this ad,).at.
$3.75
Hudson's Bay Company
Cor. Granville and Georgia Streets
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PRINTERS and
PUBLISHERS
PHONE SEYMOUR 44M
421 Diawsir St. Vucesw, B. C.
BREWED AND BOTTLED IN VANCOUVER BY
VANCOUVER BREWERIES, Limited PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY  .JUNE 12, 1914.
BUY A HOME
There is no excuse for continuing to pay rent when -you can buy a
new, well-built fouiyoomed Bungalow with the same money you are now
paying as rent.
. If you rent you have nothing at the end. of the year except the privilege of continuing to pay rent—if you buy you have a substantial equity
in your home at the end of the first year.
" Our terms are $50, to $150 cash, and the balance payable at the rate
of
$20.00 to $35.00 per month
These payments include interest.  There is no mortgage to assume.
When you buy from the Northern Securities, Limited you buy from
"the Owners;" and our reputation is a guarantee that you will receive
fair, honorable and lenient treatment in case of unforeseen circumstances
arising.
Furthermore, these homes are not thrown together by contract but
built by ourselves by day labor. Elimination of contractors' profits enable us to offer the above terms.
Bemember these houses are located inside the City Limits. The lots
are all cleared, and the streets graded, with sidewalks, electric light and
city water. ' j
Let us show you these homes, then you can take your choice of either
continuing to pay rent or of being your own landlord.
Northern Securities. Limited
529 Pender Street, West
EVERY UNION
HOTEL WILL
DISPLAY THIS
SIGN IN THE
BAR.
LOOK FOR IT. .
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capitol.
-111,000,0011      Seat.
..111,(00,000
Main Offloe: Corn.r Haatinga and Qranvllle Streets, Vanoouver.
CITY BRANCHES
HASTINOS and CAMBIE.....
EAST BND .
LOCATION
,...Cor. Hastings aaa Cambie Streeta.
.Car. Pender and Main Streets.
COMMERCIAL DRIVE ........Cor. First Avenue and Commercial Drive.
FAIRVIEW ...~...  -Cor, Sixth Avenue and Oranvllle Street
MOUNT PLEASANT .............Cor. Eighth Avenue anl Main Street
KITSILANO   ...Cor. Fourth Avenue and Tew Street.
POWELL STREET ..  .Cor. Victoria Drive and Powell Strut
SOUTH HILL   Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraaer Road.
Also North Vanoouver Branoh, ear.   Lonsdale  Ave.  and   Esplanade.
JOHNSTON & SALSBURY
The Hardwaremen
SUCCESSORS TO
McTAGGART & MOSCROP
We carry a complete line of MECHANICS' GOODS, including SANDS' LEVELS. FRISCO MASONS' TAPE,
STANLEY'S PLANES, LEVELS, etc. STAR-
RETT'S FINE TOOLS, SIMONDS' SAWS. CORBIN
LOCKS, SETS.
PHONE SEYMOUR IS4 45  HASTINGS ST.  EAST
jJSJ&i!
DEWARS
SCOTCH
Whisky
PAINE UBOR TEMPLE POOL
A BUDGET OF
IM PRINCE
Presentation to A. E. Robb
—The Outlook of
Trade
The Death of Joseph Lewis,
a Well-known Longshoreman
8PIES IN THE UNION
[Philadelphia North American]
Never before ln the history of organized labor have Its enemies been
so powerful and so well organized
and so Insistent as now. Big corporations and wealthy firms and individuals are leagued In the crusade
against the workers, and nothing will
satisfy their greed for power and
money but the disruption of labor organizations and the reduction of the
workers to a state of peonage. To
this end they have sought to control,
through secret and corrupt lobbies,
the national congress and state legislatures. They have sought to control
the churches, the press and the universities, colleges and schools of the
country; have employed detective
agencies to furnish armed guards to
coerce workers on strike or those who
show signs of rebelling against low
wages or oppressive labor conditions,
and to furnish spies to join local unions and get into central bodies of
states and cities and international unions to furnish Information to employers' associations and other subsidiaries of the National Associations of
manufacturers. Of course, this Information ts of little value, as tie proceedings of must of theBe bodies are
conducted publicly, desk room Is furnished reporters, and printed copies
of the proceedings are published dally
and distributed to members and reporters. Where these spies get In
their effective work Is In fomenting
discord and dissension, and dividing
the workers Into quarreling factions
by the Injection ot personal animosities and extraneous matters.
The spies and agents are ln every
large union and many small ones are
ln the conventions of the American
Federation of Labor and the state federations, and ln central bodies of
cities, and all true, loyal union men
should be on the lookout for them.
Wben a member or delegate Is perpetually starting quarrels and constantly assaulting the characters and
motives of officials, committeemen
and members, watch him. If he Is
not a hireling of a detective agency
tn the employ of the National Association of Manufacturers, then he is
gratuitously doing the dirty work
those people are glad to pay for.
DOLL HOSPITAL
Bring your broken Dolllea and get
them made like new
DOLL  HOSPITAL
MILLAR ft COE    120 Hutiifi St. W.
When Doubt
Vanishes
No longer is there any question
of the supremacy of the Edison. If you'll step in and hear
Mr. Edison's latest achievement, his
NEW TONE
 DISC	
PHONOGRAPH
You'll realize that you are face
to face with the first talking
machine you have ever heard
that reproduces all music absolutely lifelike and natural.
We'll gladly arrange terms
with you on any Edison we
have ln stock. Hear an Edison
today.
THE KENT
PIANO CO. Ltd.
558    GRANVILLE    STREET
PRINCE RUPERT, B.C., June 9 —
A. B. Robb, who has been a prominent
figure in labor circles through his
activities In ihe local Trades and Labor council, will "cart the dust of
Rupert from oft his feet" ln exchange
for the dust of the rolling prairie, and
take up his future abode in Calgary.
Mr. Robb was the guest of honor at a
meeting of the Typographical union
and was the recipient of a handsome
set of military brushes as a token of
the esteem ln which he was held by
his brother craftsmen. During his
sojourn in 'Prince Rupert he made
many friends amongst the organized
workers of the city, who, while sorry
to see him leave, unite in wishing him
the best of luck and bon voyage to
his new destination. Mr. Robb left
by the G. T. P. boat on Monday
morning.
The Trade Outlook
As a commlentory on industrial conditions exlstant ln Prince Rupert without intention of seizing upon any particular local administration or party
responsible and tack upon its skirts
the responsibility for the present depression, which not only ln the final
analysis would be erroneous and nonsensical to say the least, by adding to
their official dignity the powers of a
Morgan or Rockefeller or any of the
powers exercised by the kings of finance, who control not only the des
tlnles of Prince Rupert, but the
source from which all other towns and
municipalities look to for a hand-out
That source Is the money market,
which these noble knights of ^Mammon
control, through the pernicious system which gives them the legitimate
right to keep on doing it. At the present time lt cannot be said that the
working class of Rupert are troubled
with the hum and roar of Industry. It
would be music to the ears of a good
many who have them pretty close to
the ground, to catch even the faintest
murmur of a hum, as it might be the
means of providing the cue to where
there was some actual work In progress, and make a few enquiries ot
the foreman or manager ln charge If
there was any chance of the hand of
fate intervening with the depletion of
his already scant staff ln order to
gain some advance information. It ia
one of the most malicious brands of
falsehood to give out statements of
a kind likely to be misleading as to
the actual conditions existing ln any
city, and more especially ln times of
depression, when the hungry and
less fortunate of society are ready
to grasp at any straw to save
themselves from being swept under, and what little possessions they
may happen to own are pawned or
sold to the waiting Shylock. What pittance escapes his clutches Is handed
out to the transportation companies
for the conveyance o'f himself, or, If
married, his family to the much heralded promised land only to flnd on
his arrival that he was the dupe of a
band of shysters, who engineer this
misinformation through the formation
of organizations which boast of their
civic pride, created to satisfy their
personal gain. Prince Rupert today
is no bettentthan Vancouver. There
are enough men here to satisfy all
the demands for labor, either on work
under 'construction or contemplated,
for Borne time to come.
Joseph Lewis Dead
Joseph Lewis, a well known member of the local union of longshoremen, who passed away at the general
hospital, Prince Rupert, in the early
dawn of Sunday morning, was Interred at the Fairview cemetery on
Thursday last. The late brother was
well known and popular among the
longshoremen of the Pacific coast,
having worked along the waterfront
of Seattle, Portland and other ports
prior to his coming to Rupert a little
over three years ago. The funeral arrangements were conducted by Hay
ner Brothers, undertakers, under the
supervision of the committee appointed by the members of his union. Almost the entire membership of the
local branch and other friends of the
deceased turned out to pay their
last earthly tribute to their departed
comrade. The funeral was one of the
most impressive seen In the city. Rev.
Mr. Rlx of the Anglican church, conducted the funeral rites of his church.
Mr. Lewis, who originally came from
Kentucky, was about 37 years of age.
f
The New Call Is for Jus
• tice—Demand for a
Man's Chance
Man's Inhumanity to Man
Has Made Thousands
Mourn
MOTHER   JONES   AT   LADYSMITH
Mayor Hllller Calls Out Mllltla To
Receive Her
When Mother Jones arrived in Ladysmith last Saturday she was received
by the militia, who had been called
out by Mayor Hllller to defend the
C. P. R. depot from the onslaughts of
this old lady of 82. Besides that
there were 900 people to welcome her,
Including a large number of women
and children. The city council refused the use of the market square.
So everybody went to 'Shell beach ln
launches, which were busy transporting everybody free of charge from
12.30 to 3. At that time the meeting
commenced and went off with the
abounding enthusiasm which marks
"Mother's" meetings everywhere she
Labor Candidate for St. Catherines
Alderman James A, Wiley, of St.
Catherines, has been nominated to
run as labor candidate for that city at
the forthcoming provincial elections
in Ontario. He has been an energetic
worker ln the local trades and labor
council for many years, having filled
all the Important offices ln the gift of
that body. He has represented the
tailors' Ipdustrlal union continuously
for nineteen years.
Owing tq the flght put up by the
Winnipeg Trades and Lahor Council,
the proposal of the Board of Control
to reduce the rate of wages of the
city laborers has not taken effect.
"The cries that come to us from
Colorado, Los Angeles, and from other
scenes of strife—cries for vengeance
and for blood—are not the death knell
of this republic, but are the birth
pangs ot a new democracy," said Jas.
A. Macdonald, LL.D., managing editor
of the Toronto Olobe, speaking on the
subject: "Love and the Social Order,"
ln the Chicago Sunday Evening club.
"It Is the call for social justice, for
a man's chance for every man that
Indicates the hope of a new day, and
in no country is lt felt more fully than
ln Great Britain," he said. "It is not
merely a cry for wages but deep down
In a demand for a man's chance and
for brotherhood.
"Lloyd George Bald to the people of
Great Britain: "The stains on our national flag are as great If It floats'
over ill-fed children In Blums And over
ill-paid men and women as though lt
dropped on the field of battle. I say
of the Stars and Stripes and the
Union Jack that their stains are as
deep and damning if we repeat all the
oppression and the Injustice of Great
Britain in our respective countries ot
the United States and Canada. Man's
Inhumanity to man has made thousands mourn. I know the cry of the
unprivileged multitudes. I know also
that wealth has its problems and
there are among the rich those who
have a high desire to do justice. For
both classes there is no permanent
and adequate solution of the problem
that does not change the motives and
viewpoint of men. This is the church's
greatest chance—to reconstruct the
brotherhood. It would revive again
the old evangel and the old enthusiasm. The modern church has as much
as Peter, James and John had, They
had only an Idea, hut that idea
changed the Roman Empire. It Is
for the church to recognize that 'One
Is your master and ye are brethren';
that 'By this shall all men know that
ye are my disciples If ye love one another.' Cain tried to solve the problem of destroying competition hy killing his brother and then by denying
his obligations by sneering, 'Am I my
brother's keeper! Rome tried to solve
the problem! by the strong lording lt
over the weak. The cynics called brotherhood a beautiful dream that could
never be fulfilled. But Jesus set out
to establish a brotherhood ln which
no man should eat his bread by the
sweat of another man'B brow, where
there should be no social parasites,
high or low, but one in which a man
should he ministered to In proportion
to his possession of power. The real
izatlon of this brotherhood is the fulfilment of gospel, and lt lies within the
reach of the church."
Accidents In April
Industrial accidents occurring to
3S7 workpeople In Canada during the
month of April, 1914, are recorded by
the department of labor. Of these,
seventy-two were fatal and 285 resulted in serious injuries. In March
there were fifty-five fatal and 347 nonfatal accidents recorded, a total of
402, and In April, 1913, there were
ninety-one fatal and 351 nonfatal accidents recorded, a total1 of 442. The
number of fatal accidents recorded in
AprH was seventeen more than were
recorded in March and nineteen-less
than were recorded in April, 1913. The
number of nonfatal accidents recorded In April was sbrtytwo less than
In March, and sixty-six less- than In
April, 1913.
Alberta Federation Makes Report
The quarterly report.of the Alberta
Federation of Labor shows that during the period just passed, they have
added to their strength through the
International Alliance of Theatrical
Stage Employees, No. 212, of Calgary.
Others also taken ln included the International Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers (outside), No. 348, Calgary;
Printing Pressmen and Feeders, No,
179 Medicine Hat; Journeymen Stonecutters Association of Edmonton, and
Moving Picture and Projecting Machine Operators, No. 302, Calgary.
Plumbers Go On Strike
The union plumbers of Winnipeg
went on strike on Tuesday. They
damanded an Increase from the present scale of 55 cents an hour to 60
cents an hour. The majority of tho
contractors refused to accede to the
demand and the plumbers, with whom
are included the steamfltters, walked
out.
Tailora' Headquarters Moved
The International offlce of the tailors' union, which for many years has
been at Bloomington, III., has   been
transferred to Chicago recently.
MINARD'S LINIMENT CURE8 GARGET IN COWS
mi that watch to Appltby, SOS
Pander West, Cor. Pender and
Richards', for nlgh-class watch,
clock and jewellery repairs. All
cleaning and mainsprings jobs
guaranteed for 12 months.
PANTAGEQ
Unequalled Vaudevllls ***
Means
PANTAGES VAUDEVILLE
THREE SHOWS DAILY
2.46, 7.20, 9.15
Season's Prices-
Matinee 15c, Evenings 15c, 26c.
MAKE YOUR WILL
Have You Made Your Will?
If not, you should do so now while you have an opportunity to consider fairly what disposition you will make '
of your estate. By naming this Company your Executor
you will be assured of having the provisions of your
Will carried out in accbrdanoe with your Instructions.
If your Will la already made, lt Is' a simple matter to
appoint us your Executor. A codicil making this change
will Insure the careful administration of your Estate
Consult our Legal Department
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
HEAD OFFICE 839 HASTINGS ST. W.     VANCOUVER, B.C.
Patrick Donnelly-General M&rv&<et?	
100-Piece Dinner Sets for $19.50
50-PIECE SET, $8.75
The regular price of these 100-piece sets is $2*6.00. Get one now
and save $0.50. Samples mailed to out-of-town customers on request.
R. G. Buchanan £ Co.
Phone Seymour 2021
1126 ROBSON STREET
VANCOUVER'S
SELECT
CHINA
STORE
25% OFF ALL TRUSSES THIS MONTH
BED STAB DRUG STOBE.
53 Cordova Street Weat Vancouver, B. 0.
Vancouver Heights Grocery
3640 HASTINOS STREET EAST
THE POST OFFICE 8TORE
Best oif everything at lowest prices.
Groceries, Hams, Bacon, Garden Seeds, Fresh Fruit and Vegetables, Tea Hose Tea, Reld & Millar's Sausages and Head Cheese.
Every morning we receive a shipment of berries from McDonald's Ranch on Keats Island.   They are delicious.
Telephone your orders.   Our delight is to serve you.
W. R. McMURRAY
  PHONE HIGHLAND 686L	
THIS COUPON Worth 10 CENTS
Bring this Coupon to our Store on Saturday, and it
will entitle you to 10c. on your $1 purchase
''*'','',|-'W'*'*'*',,'*'*****»******'»******»W*"-***^«*-**«'*B-WM      ■■■■■■■■     tt^
CHAS. B. PERKINS
1058-60 GRANVILLE STREET
$400.00 in Cash Given Away
TO THE ONE WHO DRAW8 THE LUCKY NUMBER
1 Chance for Every $5.00. Pirchm Made is Either of Our Stem
What do you say to $20 for an English Worsted or Scotch or Irish
Tweed Suit—in beautiful Browns, Grays or Heather Mixtures? Wo
have these Suits as low as $15.
1
Fit Reform Wardrobes
333  HASTINGS  ST.  AND  ROGERS  BUILDING,  GRANVILLE  8T.
Named Shoei sre frequently made in Non-
Union Factories-Do Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what Its name, unless lt bean a
plain and readable Impression or this stamp.
All shoes without tba Union Stamp ara
always Non-Union.
BOOT A SHOE WORKERS' UNION
IM Bummer Street, Boston, Mus.
J. F. Tobln, Pres.   C. L. Blaise, Seo.-Treaa.
BE TBUE TO YOURSELVES
BY SMOKING THI OLD RELIABLE
Kurtz's "Pioneer" Cigars
YOU   HELP  YOUR   PILLOW  UNION  MEN  AND   BESIDE*,  YOU  GET
THE  VERY  BEIT  VALUE  POR  YOUR  MONEY
EVERY  UNION  MAN   IN {VANCOUVER   SHOULD    PATRONIZE
LABOR  TEMPLE  CLUB  AND   POOL ROOM
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
COLUMBIA THEATRE
UP-TO-DATE VAUDEVILLE AND PHOTO-PLAYS
Continuous Performance from 1 p.m. to 11 p.m.
Coihpjete Change of Programme Mondays and Thursdays.
WEEK OF JUNE 15
MON.,    TUES„    WED.
ST.  GEORGE  A  DAYNE
Refllnod drawing room act. vocal
and Instrumental art
PALEAN
Novelty Ventriloquist
DU  MOUTINO
Double  Voiced   Singer
WILLIAMS   A   WILLIAMS
High-class Entertainers
THUR8,,    FRI,   SAT.
GEORGE A MARIE  BROWN
Tho Farhlon  Plate  Duo,   Comedy
CHARLES   HASTY
Tho  Hoosier  Boy
THE   DUNSTANS      >
Comedy Singing and Talking Act
THE  DANCING VERNONS
.     4-REELS LATEST PICTURES-4
10 Cents-ANY SEAT-10 Cents
AMATEUR NIOHT-WEDNESDAY.

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