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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 20, 1914

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Array THI BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONISf
INDUSTRIAL UI>'
fi      M-9
"strength, -<9-
SIXTH Y/-//.    No. 150.
ft,
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRAGUS AND LABOR COUNCIL AND B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR.
"VANCOUVER, B, C, ERifoAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1914. EIGHT PAGES
POLITICAL UNITT: VIOTMTI
(I"aKi5%*) H-SQ PER YEA*
10 A MASS
Board of Conciliation Applied for Under Industrial Disputes Act .
Matters Concerning Overtime and Dismissals
Questions Involved
The Street Rallwaymen's union,
No. 101, Vanoouver, held a mass meeting on Saturday night to discuss the
present state of deadlock between the
executive committee and the Company over the Interpretation of
certain clauses of the agreement.
The meeting was largely attended and was protracted until nearly four o'clock Sunday morning. That
the matters at issue are of serious
import was evidenced by the determination ot the men to apply to the
federal authorities for a board of conciliation, under the Industrial Disputes act, and thus settle all disputes definitely. Two olauses in the
agreement at issue, namely, clause 1,
prohibiting reduction of earnings of
present employees;- and clause 5,
regarding arbitration on dismissal of
employees, the latter being of the
greatest Importance. The dispute on
the. first clause affects about 100 men,
many of them to the extent of several
dollars a week. The company argue
that the clause gives tbem the right
to discontinue overtime to the men
Involved. The men, however, claim
that the intention of that part of the
award settling working conditions
wae that men already ln the employ
ot the company Bhould not be affected,
only the new employees coming within its scope. It waB undoubtedly so
understood by the men, and lt would
appear that the. B. C, B. R. are basing
their arguments on technicalities, and
not on the deliberate Intention of the
arbitrators. The other clause ln dispute raises the question of the company's right to summarily dismiss employees on charges of alleged dishonesty—allegations which In the particular case brought up would not
hold water for one Instant ln a properly constituted court. The street
rallwaymen themselves are as anxious
as the company that the highest standard of probity should be kept up, and
they assist the company by every
means ln their power to this end.
Recently an employee was dismissed
on a charge of dishonesty. He protested his innocence and appealed the
decision. On appeal, the executive,
after examining all the evidence in
the. case came to the conclusion that
no satisfactory or conclusive proof of
the charges had been shown, and as a
last resort demanded arbitration. This
the company refused on the ground
that such a question did not eome
within the matters they could be
called upon to arbitrate under clause
5, If th* contention of the B. C. E. R.
is valid then the whole agreement is
of little value. Charges of alleged
wrongdoing could be brought against
men, with dismissal following, and
the men would have no redress whatever. Such a procedure would cover
the grossest discrimination and, tt is
very dear, cannot be tolerated by the
employees. They feel that they must
now insist upon the company playing
fair and living up to their agreement,
and with this end in view they have
decided to invoke the aid of the Industrial Disputes act. Application
has been made for the necessary
papers, and it is hoped that the
board will speedily be appointed.
They give now and are always prepared to give suoh fair play to the
company and they expect similar
treatment ln return.
Division 134, New Westminster,
held a meeting at the same time
on the same subject, and cordially
supported the attitude of No. 101, The
executive committee ot Division 109,
Victoria, has assured Vancouver that
they can rely upon their hearty support and cooperation. A mass meeting on Tuesday night endorsed the decision of the executive.
Evidence Given Proved a
System of Peonage in
Colorado
Miners Robbed, Tyrannised
and Made Victims
For Years
(Special to The Federationist)
DENVER, Colo., Feb. 16—Every
charge made by the Colorado miners
that the operators had Imported hundreds of thugs and machine guns and
that th-) state militia was aiding
these gunmen haB been substantiated
before the congressional investigating
committee. Evidence was given
which proved a system of peonage,
of interference with the United
States mall and of repeated attempts
to murder Inhabitants of the strikers'
tent colonies and showed fully the
reign ot terror and anarohy existing.
A. C. Felts, Colorado manager of the
notorious Baldvin-Feltz thugs, calmly
admitted on the stand that, he .had
Imported eight machine guns whloh
were paid for by the operators; that
scores of gunmen with questionable
reputations had   been  employe,", by
PROPOSED BY B.C.
Premier and Attorney-general Receive Federation's Delegates
Amendments   to   Existing
Acts and New Legislation Asked For
VICTORIA, B.Caf Feb. 19—A deputation of the B. C, Federation of Labor
last Thursday waited on Premier Sir
Richard McBride and Attorney-general Hon. W. J. Bowser, regarding proposed labor legislation. The delegation comprised President A. Watchman, Vice-president B. Simmons, and
Secretary-treasurer A. S. Wells.! Sir
Richard informed the deputation that
their proposals would receive the
earnest consideration of the governr
ment, and in view of the fact that
the labor commission is still sitting,
and will only make a partial report to
the house during the present session
it was probable that the legislation
desired would not be introduced until
next session. The premier assured
the deputation that drafts of any proposed labor legislation would be submitted to them for criticism before
Introduction Into parliament. The
legislation suggested by the deputation embraced many subjects. An amendment to the Workmen's Compensation act along the lines of the states
acts of Washington and California,
eliminating the many loopholes of
esoape from paying compensation left
to employers was asked for as was
also an act to abolish private employment agencies. A royal commission
was asked for to enquire into the conditions of prisons, the federation also
considering that a resident doctor
should be appointed to all such Institutions. They also asked that the
franchise be extended to women, on
the same lines as to men. Many amendments to the Mines Regulation act
were requested, the principal being
the following: constitution of a ton,
of coal, Inspection ot weights ana
scales, government payment of cost of
Inspection of mines, position of weigh
beams or dials, weekly pay day, working experience of fire-bosses, election
of mine Inspectors and provision of
wash houses. ■ Other legislation asked
for related to a 44-hour week tor all
workers, payment of wages in cash,
boiler Inspection act, registration of
plumbers, settlement of vacant lands,
scaffold inspection, abolition of
qualifications for public offices, standardisation of street railway car platforms and buffers, one day's rest a
week for motormen and conductors,
enforcement of current or standard
wages and conditions ln provincial
contracts, together with the use of
material, as far as possible, manufactured ln the province, inspection of
persons handling food products and
sanitary Inspection of all places
handling suoh products. They
also protested against the grant of
public money to organizations inducing immigrants to come to the
country and asked that the government of British Columbia should not
assist ln any way In Increasing the
armaments of the dominion.
Disparity of Sentences.
Joe Angelo's application for a new
trial was refused by Mr, Justice Martin ln the court of appeal at Victoria.
The Court held that Constable Han-
nay's evldenoe was admissible, "stating
that they were bound by the trial
judge's notes rather than,those of the
stenographer. So many convictions
have now 1>een secured hy the crown
that lt Ib rumored that counsel for the
miners and' more still the legislative
representatives of the miners, are disposed to advise the prisoners to plead
guilty on lesser counts, and, if the
crown accepts such pleas, thus throw
themselves on the mercy ot the court.
In the case of those who have been
sentenced by Judge Howay, efforts are
being made by counsel to obtain their
release on the ground that lt Is unfair
that several men should have to serve
terms ranging up to two years, a penalty Imposed ln some cases hy Judge
Howay, while in other cases men indicted for the same offence have been
let off by Judge Morrison.
Support home industries. The
C. P. R. is using stone brought from
Indiana to build Its new depot. No
stone ln B. C.t
The many pals of Tom McLeod, of
the Bartenders, will be sorry to hear
that he Is on the sick list with kidney
trouble. He Is now, however, getting
along the highway to recovery.
The Federationist pleads your cause
before the bar of public opinion. The
larger the audience the more effective
the appeal. Bring ln more subscribers
and increase the crowd.
the operators; that he personally had
ordered the "death special,'.' an armored automobile equipped with a
machine gun, which was driven madly through the strike district shooting and terrorising the strikers.
James Dalrymple, Btate coal mine inspector, told how the operators' refusal to obey the law had murdered
many miners and only recently had
killed 37 men ln the Vulcan mine at
Newcastle. John R, Lawson, international board member of the United
Mine Workers of America, told how
the miners had been robbed, tyrannized and made victims ot a notorious
blacklist system for years, the state
mllltla aiding these outrages. Many
other members of the mllltla were
hired gunmen of the operators. Several operators admitted that they had
bought maohlne guns and hired gunmen. It was also shown that mine
guards, aided by the mllltla, keep the
men ln the mines against their will
by guns, taking away their shoes, and
using other slave-driving means. This
and more to be shown will shook the
entire nation and something will have
to be done at once to do away with
the reign of anarchy now existing.
Nominations and Elections
of Officers Take Place
February 27th
Large Percentage of Workmen in Building Trades
Are Idle
At the fortnightly meeting, February 13th, of the Building Trades counoll, credentials were reoelved as
delegates from the Plumbers, local
No. 170, and Painters, local No. 138.
A communication was read from the
metal trades department of-the A. F.
of L. stating that the York Manufacturing company of York, Pa., manufacturers of Ice and refrigerating machinery, has not unionised Its industry, and the goods will not be handled
or installed by unton men until the
company agrees to union conditions.
Vice-president Sully, delegate to ' the
B. C. Federation bf Labor convention,
reported the adoption of the resolution re swing stages and scaffolding
by the convention. Nominations
were accepted'for the election of officers to be held on February 27th,
and will be continued to tbat date.
Delegates from the electricians state
that sign writers are working with
non-union men who are doing work on
electric.signs. Most of the building
tradeB report a big percentage of the
members Idle.
Death of Longshoreman
Nell Mc Vicar,, a member of the International Longshoremen's association, local 38-62, died Sunday night at
the General Hospital from a chill contracted while* working ln the refrigerator on one of the boats. This developed' Into pneumonia which terminated fatally. The funeral took
place at Mountain View cemetery on
Wednesday. Deceased, who was 45,
was a master mariner, and leaves
three children In Glasgow.
St. John, N. B., laborltes assert that
next year they will have a number of
straight out union men nominated to
contest the civic offices ln the municipal elections.
The many friends In this province
of Ben Turner, J. P., will be glad to
hear of his recent election.as mayor
of Batley (Yorkshire), England. He
has for over 20 years been a councillor
for tbat city, and has always been
prominently' identified with the labor
movement tn the old country. He
succeeds Mayor Smith Ward (deceased). The new mayor was fraternal delegate from the British Trades
union congress to the American Federation of Labor at St. Louis ln 1910.
THREE JO-CENT MEAL8
FOR ONE YARD OF ROCK
IS VICTORIA'S SOLUTION
Salvation Army Ovjtdoes Its Own
Woodyard Exploitation of Hungry
. Thanks to McBrlde-Bowser prosperity and liberal bonuses to the
Salvation Army Immigration department during the past few'
years the city council of Vlotoria
has bean enabled to solve the unemployed problem. Out-of-works
are supplied Jobs by the Salvation
Army at rock-crushing by hand.
For this servioe the victims are
given three 20-cent meals per and
are expected to break a yard of
stone eaoh. Tha product Is sold
ts the elty at it. per yard, thus
netting the philanthropists a profit
of 20 cants psr Victim psr bay.
The cost1 of crushed rock to ths
city psr yard, whsn produced by
machinery, Is SO tjents.
SAME OLD STORY BUT
18. U.M.W.
ENDORSES I
SMC,
Turns Down Proposal to
Declare General Strike
for Miners* Liberation
Convention Desires Equal
Sick Benefit System
, in Jurisdiction
LETHBRIDQE, AJta., Feb. 17.—At
this afternoon's session of the eleventh
annual convention Ot District 18, United Mine Workers ot America, the delegates, by a targe majority, endorsed
the political program of the Socialist
Party of Canada and pledged the official support of the organization. Tbe
discussion was heated at times.
Sick benefit funds came up for consideration during the morning session. A resolution by the Blalrmore
local, recommending that the district
executive exercise its authority over
the locals to see that the amount of
weekly benefits so paid is uniform
throughout the district, met with
much discussion.
A resolution brought forward by the
Taber union asking for a general
strike for the liberation of the Vancouver Island strikers was not concurred ln. It was telt to be Inexpedient and interfering with the affairs of district 28.
The Caxton apprentices club was
addressed by J. W. Wright, foreman
of The Province, and Mr. Kyle, director of city night schools, at Its last
meeting, which was held ln the Central school last Thursday evening.
Al ASSIZES
Three Miners Found Guilty,
One Let Out on Suspended Sentence
Sixteen   Connected   With
, Trouble No. 2 at Nanaimo
To Be Tried
NEW WESTMINSTER, Feb. 18.^
The special assises re Rex vs Miners
(many ot them) has resumed Its usual
grind. Tomorrow, however, the scene
will'be changed: The cases arising
from the afternoon disturbances at
Nanalmo will be abandoned for the
present, and those arising from the
midnight fray will be taken up. The
former comprises 36 cases, of which
eight have already been dealt wtth,
the. latter lit. During the week four
have been tound guilty, and one trial
Is now proceeding. Thursday, Feb. li,
William Wardle was found guilty on
both counts in the indictment, riot and
unlawful assembly. The variable
judgment of Juries was shown ln this
case, as the evidence was practically
the same as that against the other
Nanalmo men who have been found
guilty on one count only, that of unlawful assembly. Sentence was deferred. On Friday Robert Haddow was
also found, guilty on the same two
counts. Mr. Bird for the defence
asked for Immediate disposal of the
case, but Mr. Justice Morrison deferred sentence. In this case both
'he defence and the Crown surprised
the court by. cutting the evidence
short add enabling the case to be
disposed of in record time.: On the
conclusion of this case all Jurymen
-"d witnesses were excused until
Tuesday, Monday being allotted to
civil cases, On Tuesday Charles
Styles of Nanalmo was arraigned on
the usual two counts of riot and unlawful assembly, and was found guilty
yesterday morning on the latter count.
Mr. Justice Morrison allowed the accused out on suspended sentence, remarking that the condition of Style's
wife and family urged him to do so.
In the afternoon the case - of rthur
Jordan was taken up, and will probably go before the jury tomorrow.
Jordan's Ib the last case arising from
the afternoon disturbances which will
be dealt with at present.
"Tom"' Churoh Dead
Labor ln Hamilton was astounded as
the news was passed around of the
sudden' death of ex-Alderman Tom
Church, president of. the Hamilton
Iron Molders' union. Church died on
February 12th ln harness, he was a
man about 55 years of age and was
always one of the most, active members not alpne of his own union, but
ot organised labor generally.
THERE'S MONEY IN IT
ROYAL CITY NEWS;
10
Labor   Temple   Company
Elect Officers for
the Tear
New Labor Party—Timber
Workers Hold a Mass
Meeting
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. a
10.—At last meeting of the *
and Labor council, the revised
tutlon and bylaws was given Its flrjit
reading and will be considered
oommlttee at the next meeting. Thi
clause bearing on representation that
delegates mutt be, actively employed
ln crafts they' represent; also in good
standing ln their respective unions,
will come up tor consideration. The
financial statement was referred to a
committee. President D. 8, Cameron
resigned as the council's delegate to
the Progressive club owing to his
inability to attend the meetings of
that body, and'Delegate Harry Olbb
was elected ln his place. President
Cameron presided, and delegate acted
as secretary pro tem.
The Labor Temple company held Its
annual meeting on Friday night, when
the yearly financial statement was
adopted by the shareholders. New
directors were sleeted' as follows:
Aid. -W. Dodd, Thos. Turnbull, James
Wood, Archie Hogg, R. Drysdale, .Resolutions were carried to change the
articles of association to allow the
selling of shares to outside parties,
providing the shares are not fully
taken up by the unions and members
on or before June 1st next Vice-president Dodd was in the ohalr, while
the secretary was D. Sa Cameron.
The new board of directors elected
officers as follows: President, Aid. W.
Dodd; vice-president, Thos. Turnbull;
secretary-treasurer, D. S. Cameron.
The shingle weavers held a mass
meeting last Sunday afternoon for organisation purposes. There was a
large, enthusiastic attendance, who
listened to Organizer Oeo. Heatherton
of the A. F. of L., who ably outlined
the aims and objects of the union and
the benefit to be' derived therefrom.
Aid. Dodd dwelt upon the history of
the trades union movement and Its
progress. J. W. Wilkinson, secreUry
of the Vanoouver Trades and Labor
council, referred td the conditions the
timber workers had to contend with,
especially the men ln the woods, and
the great necessity of organising. H.
Knudson, vice-president B. C. Federation of Labor, spoke briefly. President Cameron of the T. and L oouncll, made a capable chairman, and
opened the meeting by calling attention of those present of the urgent
need of promptly getting together to
prepare for the coming season's work
In the logging camps. After listening
to the addresses those present en-
Joyed a social session. Several new
members were enlisted.
A movement Ib on foot to form an
Independent labor party, which will
be launched shortly outside the pale
of organized labor. The prospects
point to strong organization, which
no doubt will nominate, candidates for
the next federal elections, as the new
redistribution bill will give the Royal
City an exclusive representative.
The municipal committee of the
Trades and Labor council will attend
the next meeting of the city council
and request the city fathers to have
the work in the Sapperton sewer done
by day labor; also to protest against
the public ueing required to purchase
»t worth of tickets before they will
be permitted to buy a pint of milk.
The council, too, will, be asked to regulate the weight of bakers' bread.
The next convention of the Bricklayers' and Masons's International
union will be held ln Toronto.
The Bartenders had one initiation at
their meeting on Sunday. Like most
other organizations work was reported
slack.
Labor men In Montreal are considering plans for the publication of a
weekly labor paper.
Joe Ainey, of the Carpenters' union,
was elected at the head of tbe poll as
member of the Board of .Control at
Montreal.
In the recent contest John A. Frazer,
member of the machinists union, was
elected alderman of Moncton, N. B„
at the head of the poll.
The machinists held their regular
meeting Thursday. Little was done
except routine business. The delegates to the B. C. Federation of Labor gave their reports of the convention. Meetings for the future
will be held on the second and
fourth Fridays Instead of Thursdays
as hereafter.
Fred. J. Todd, of Stratford, Canadian organizer of the International
Brotherhood of Painters, has Just arrived In Toronto after a must successful organisation tour of Ontario, in
whioh he haB met with remarkable
success. He will stay at the Queen
City for a few weeks.
At a meeting held a few days ago,
the bandsmen of* the .Musicians association and city band decided to amalgamate, the new organisation to be
known as the Vancouver city band.
The services of E. W. Hunt, late of
the 85th King's (Shropshire) Light Infantry, have been secured as
bandmaster. The officers elected tb
look after the Interest of the band
are: Joshua Bowyer, president; E.
W. Hunt, bandmaster,-and Gordon T.
Black, secretary.
BOWSER'S ALLIES
"NAMED" IN HOUSE
"Give a spselsl policeman a
bottle of whiskey and a gun and
you havs a man ready for anything from blackmailing prostitutes to supporting tha present
Government."—John Place, M.L.A,
for Nanalmo,
(Ml MET
1H1WSI1S
Trades and Labor Coundl
Holds By-Elections of
Offlcen
W. E. Walker New Preildent—Labor Party-
Other Business
^ List night's meeting of tho Ileal
labor parliament, tras ons of tho
n*jflj"1m|jortant events In the history ot atg«/rrissd labor in this elty.
i**Hm Carpenters' District "Council,
ns of the big unions of Vanoou- ■
withdrew Its delegates, caus- .
Ing Vhsanelss In tour of the most
Important offloe* of the Trades and
Ltbor Counoll, thin causing by-
•lections. Tho proposition of a
propoaed labor party waa dsbatod
and rsfsrrsd bask it, ths committee. An organization known as th*
"Associated Enforced Idle or Unemployed" wat condemned *a collecting funds and alleging, In some
cases, that It'was connected with
the Trade* Counoll.
The Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council met laat night in the Labor
Temple, when there was a good attendance of delegatea, Preaident Foxcroft was ln the chair, and Seoretary
Wilkinson waa at hla desk.
Credentials.
Electrical Workers, No. 621—John
M. Campbell, Oeo. Hackett. I. B. E.
W„ No. 213—John Whittal, W. Campbell, H. Hogan, H. A. Jones. Machinists—J. Thomson, theatrical Stag*
Employees—Walter Blake. Bridge and
Structural Iron Workers—Harry Mor-
ris. Straet Rallwaymen—F. A. Johnston, Joseph Armstrong. Letter Carriers—O. T. Tanner, A. R. Cook. Barbers—H. Espy, C. E. Herrltt Sheet
Metal Workers—O. Freeman.  Tailora
H. Norlund, F. Dolk, A. Beamish, C.
McDonald, Miss Outterldge. Bartenders—Frank Hastings, Wm. Mulholland.
Withdrawal of Delegates.
The District Council of the United
Brotherhood ot Carpenters wrote stab
ing that it had decided to withdraw lta
affiliation from the Tradea and Labor
Council A motion was made that a
committee he struck to Interview the
Carpenters' organisation with a view
td have It reconsider its decision,
which was lost after considerable debate.
Delegate' Curnock — This council
should take no further action ln the
matter.
Delegate McVety — What was the
vote of the Carpenters to withdraw
from the Council?
Delegate Bltcon—The vote cast waa
51 In favor and 21 against.
A Delegate—Yes, and if another vote
were taken. It would be 400 to 1 against
affiliation.
Delegate Dunn—This Council haa no
right to keep the Carpepters here
against their will.
Delegate Kavanagh — There la no
need of laying the matter over, and
I think the Council should act at
once.
Delegate Haslett thought the Council should make a strong effort to have
them retain their affiliation. It would
benefit the CouncU to keep the Carpenters here.
President Foxcroft stated that the
decision of the Carpenters whs final.
Delegate Pettipiece—The Carpenters
have bad considerable experience in
the local labor movement, and thsy
know full well the Importance of withdrawing their delegates from this
Council. Over two years- ago when I
waa business agent, they were involved
In a strike of considerable magnitude,
and knowing how the labor movement
has since suffered from that time, lt is
to be regretted that they have seen nt
at this Juncture in their determination
to cease affiliation with this body.
Just now we are striving to do onr
best to weld our forces ln preparation
of trouble which is liable to take place
in the very near future. Even tonight
the building exchange is assembling
delegates at Saskatoon with the avow-
ed determination to cut all wages in
the building trades from Fort William
westward to the coast. No doubt the
Carpenters will soon return to the fold,
notwithstanding that they are fully
aware of the Importance of the course
thoy have taken. If they have decided to weaken organized labor, It is
their, funeral and not ours. If they
cannot see their way to get on the
"band wagon" or help to push It along,
we will have to do the best we can
without their services. We must accept their withdrawal, and we do so
with regret.
The motion to accept the resignation ot the Carpenters was then put
to the meeting and carried.
Associated Unemployed,
The following motion, submitted by
the executive committee, was carried:
"Whereas—It has been drawn to the
attention of this Council that an organization known as the 'Associated
Unforced Idle or Unemployed' Is collecting funds and alleging, ln some
cases, that lt Ib connected with the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council,
and has headquarters ln the Labor
Temple; and
"Whereas—This organization haa
neither office in the Labor Temple
building nor connection with the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council;
be lt
"Resolved—That the officers ot the
'Associated Enforced Idle or Unemployed' be requested to forthwith instruct their canvassers to cease using
the name of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council and to withdraw all
printed matter from circulation alleging that the organisation hu headquarters ln the Labor Temple building."
(Continued on Pago Bight) PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLOMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY ;. FEBRUARY 80, 1914.
1-
NEW WESTMINSTER
Westminster Trust, Limited
Capital, 11,000,000.00.
Beaerva Tnat, ssoo.000.00
Subeoribed, SMl.ooo.oo
We have MONEY TO LOAN on improved property.
Estates managed tor out-of-town and city clients. , Payments collected and forwarded or Invested.   We act as agents only for the
purchase and sale of real estate.
Deposits accepted and Interest at 4% allowed on daily balance.
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES FOR RENT
Head Office:
'   Columbia and Begbie Street, New Westminster, B. C,
J. J. Jonas, Kuixlaf Director
t. A. Senate, Seoretery-Treaanrer.
THE S. BOWELL COMPANY
IneoMiori to Owttr * MuiM, Ltd.
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
«os Columbia mm
NEW WESTMINSTER, B, C.
WANTED.-YOUR   BUSINESS  IN  OFFICE
FURNITURE AND FILING EQUIPMENT
MADE BETTER THAN SEEMS   NECESSARY
lumttormeiieMBimmeuKirt
CESPEaALTYMEOjQ-
lomummr 	
NADA
Can	
Phones Sey. 2403, 3703.
1206 Homer 8trest
Garland Stoves and Ranges!
.1037 Granville St.
_       1 Phona Seymour 286S
-MADE AND USED BY UNION MEN FOR FIFTY YEARS
Dressing Robes and House Coats
We ere showing a beautiful line of House Coats In Wool, Silk and Velvet;
alao Dreaalnt Robes in Wool.   All slses trom 14 to 41.
PRICES OF HOUSE COATS RANGE FROM 15.00 to M2.50
DRESSING ROBES FROM »7 to MS
Those make handsome Christmas lifts 'or Husband, Son or Friends!
Call and Inspect our stook.   By paying a deposit,we will lay one aalde for
you for a reasonable length of time.
CLUBB & STEWART, Ltd.
Tel. Sey. TM
SM-I1I HAITI NOS STREET W.
SCOTCH CLOTHING HOUSE, Ltd.
'    (Kenneth Orant, Managing Director.)
Two Stores—    .   ,
SO-S4 COBSOYA STBHT WISt     77 MAS*R>IM STBBBT BASS
Carpenters' White Duck Overalla,
with II pockete, union label 11.71
Men's Heavy Tweed Pants, union
label  11.00 to IS,M
We aak for your patronage In our   Suit  and  Overcoat   Departments, whsn we give value everytlmo.
JOHNSTON & SALSBURY
The Hardwaremen
SUCCESSORS TO
McTAGGART & MOSCROP
We carry a complete line of MECHANICS' GOODS, including SANDS' LEVELS. FRISCO MASONS' TAPE,
STALEY'S PLANES, LEVELS, etc., STARRETT'S
FINE TOOLS. SIMONDS' SAWS. CORBIN LOCKS
SETS.
PHONE SEYMOUR (34 7 HASTINGS ST. WEST
PATENTS
Trade Marks. Deelgns. Copyrights.
FETHBRSTONHAUOH  A 00.
The Old Eatsbllehad Firm of
PATENT ATTORNEYS
1M0 Rogers Bldg,, Oranvllle Street
City.' Phone Seymour I7M,
D«» AKlthl Calk
Phom Bar. Ml
Paulof.ACb.Ml
2MS Granville St.
MACK BROS.
FUNERAL DIRECTORS and
EMBALMERS
Vancouver Britiah Columbia
mm
V9j
_r__m
j^9xr*__v ■.   *?!&?*_? **sv
DEWARS
Whisky
t$mmt>
BY OEORGE BARTLEY
VANCOUVER   CITY   MARKET, MAIN 8TREET
I FEDERATIONIST
STARTS NEW
I
Will Publish Careful and
Accurate Weekly Market Reports
Producers and Consumers
Should Come More
.Closely Together
This week The Federatlonist Is
starting a new feature—one which it
Is hoped will be bf benefit to the
workers of the province. And ln the
word "workers," farmers and produce growers are Included, for they
are wage earners just as much as the
man who gets his pay envelope on
a Saturday night. The Federatlonist
hopes hy a careful and accurate market report to bring the housewife and
the producer more closely together,
and thus he of service to both parties.
How many stop to consider the various hands a potato goes through before it reaches the table? First the
grower—he is necessary. Then come
ln turn the commission agent, the
jobber, the wholesaler, the retailer,
and then the consumer—he Is also
necessary, an,d by the prloe he pays
he supports the whole army of jobbers et al. It is hoped that by a
perusal of this page the wives of
wage-earners will see at what prices
articles of dally necessity are purchasable for In the city market where
middlemen are not employed, and by
so doing cut down somewhat the exorbitant cost of living prevailing' today, The farmer will also see that lt
is to his benefit to get Into touch with
the consumer, and share with the latter the profits that have hitherto been
enjoyed by others. British Columbia
imports more food stuff per head
than any other province ln the dom
inlon, while an account of the natural
resources here the country should be
self-supporting so far as foodstuffs
are concerned. It has been said that
the greatest good anyone could accomplish Ib to make two blades of
grass grow where only one grew be
fore. The Federatlonist hopes to assist in bringing both blades where
they wtll be of most service and with
this end ln view commences Its mer
ket report.
NOTES
Weekly auction sales are held on
the Vancouver market every Friday.
All .produce purchased at the city
market is delivered any place within
the olty limits—braes, 10 cents; sacks,
16 cents,
Since the drop In butter prices along
the Pacific coast, tbe foreign (product
has been shipped through to the Chicago and other eastern markets, succeeding ln forcing value down wherever marketed,.
The staff employed at the city market comprise: John McMillan, Manager;. A. L. Lawson, cashier; John
Crawford, accountant and sales clerk;
R. Oray and J, Young, salesmen;
Robt. Davie, caretaker.
Grower's Appreciation.
-   v (Copy)
John McMillan, Esq., Manager Vancouver City Market,
Dear Sir—I am shipping to you today, four dosen of pullets (48 birds)
ln one crate. I am very well satisfied
with the previous sale you made for
me. I got your cheque for last shipment for $26.67 O.K. You may feel
assured that 1 will do everything in
my power \o help you ln the good work
you are doing at the Vancouver City
Market.   Yours faithfully,
HENRY, A. CORNEL,
Abbotsford.
Fruit Outside B. C.
The predictions of competent observers Indicate large crops In Ontario,
Nova Scotia, the apple-growing states
generally, and especially in the northwestern states, largely In reaction
trom the light, crops of the, past season. ' The northwestern states may
easily reach 24,000 carloads as against
16,000 ln 1912 and 9,600 last year. The
soft fruits are expected to experience
a similar reaction toward more bountiful crops.
"Chinese Eggs Must Go"
In. answer to the demand of tbe
California poultrymen that "Chinese
eggs must go," efforts will be made to
devise means of barring them out. An
analysis of the Chinese product will
be made and lt. found unlit for food,
they will be barred under the pure
food regulations.
ALD.  FRANK  TRIMBLE
Chairman of1 Market and  Induatrlea
Committee
CURRENT PRICES
Quoted at the City Market by Manager McMillan
Friday Morning, Feb. 20, 1914.
The question as to how the potato
market will go during the balance ot
the season Is one which is causing
the farmers a good deal of thought at
present. Many are holding back, awaiting higher prices, while others are
shipping ln as fast as possible, as they
fear a repetition of 1913 when prices
dropped to zero/ujt is very difficult to
say just how the market will go, as a
great'deal depends on how many cars
can be shipped out of Vancouver to'
the northwest, in the meantime thr
prices are ranging from $16.50 to $20.
a ton.
Winter rhubarb is now fairly established with the Vancouver, people.
Hitherto all rhubarb sold ln the city
has been Imported from California,
and has usually been sold at 30 and
35 cents a pound. Now we have three
up-to-date farmers growing rhubarb Intensively for the market, and the
prices have been cut to two pounds
tor 25 cents, so that, tn this instance,
we bave. established a new industry
in our district and cut the price in two.
|f you have not tried this winter rhubarb, do so, as the mellow flavor and
good color appeals to all. Further, lt
Is of great medicinal value.
New laid eggs will now arrive In
greater quantities, with a consequent
reduction in price. The present price
for strictly new laid eggs Is 45 cents
a dozen. Eggs from the American
side will now find their way to Van
couver, as at Seattle thsy are down to
28 cents a dozen. These will be sold
here from 33 to 35 cents a dosen.
Root vegetables have been.very slow
sellers this season and the best price
obtainable for carrots Is 75 cents a
sack, white turnips have been selling
from 60 to 70 cents. ...        .
. Apples are always In good demand
on tbe market, but meantime tbere are
none, offering. This Is rather unfortunate as there must be quantities tn
storage throughout the province.
Poultry is in good demand and
making excellent prices. .A large lot
of pullets from Abbotsford were offered this week: also broilers, hens,
etc., from the Island and other points.
Young hogs are In demand now that
the camps are opening up and the
prices will be for eight-week old pigs
around $4 to $5 each.
Hay Is selling at $14 to $15 a ton,
while oats are making $26 to $28 a
ton., The following are this week's
prices at the city market.
Vegetables
Local potatoes, ton Ifl.OO    <&20.0fl
Ashcroft notatneK, ton 26.00    fii>2S.OO
Seed potatoes, ton 20.00    040.00
Carrots, table, Hack       fft    .75
Carrots, field, nack      qt>   .60
Turnips,  saok      (St   .65
Rhubarb, Ib to    6    .12(4
Cabbage, lb      #..02M,
Beets, sack        tfi) j,oo
Parsnips, sack  „      fi> i.oo
Onions,  lb ,      @    .04
Fruit
Apples, Kings, box......,..-  © 2.00
Apples, Wine 8aps, box  @ 1.76
Apples, Ben Davis, box  at 1.75
Apples, Cooking,, box  fix 1.50
Poultry
Broilers,  small,  dos  6.00 © 7.00
Broilers, large, doz  0.00 (tM2.00
Hens, small, doz  6.00 © 8 00
Hens, large, doz.  9.00 ©12.00
Dressed Chickens, lp»  © .26
Eggs
Local new-laid, doz.  © .45
Washington new laid, dz  © .40
Moist*
Veal, dressed, lb  © .11%
Lamb, dressed, tb.-  © .16
Pork, dressed, lb   .... © .13
Young bogs, each, ,  4.00 © 6.00
Feed -
Hay, ton ....
Oats, ton ....
Straw,  ton
 14.0,0   ©15.00
..J..26.00    ©28.00
"Competition Is,r.the,, mother pf
waste," says an authority. The law
of business success Is co-operation.
Under it the farmer or producer
would receive "the whole of the consumer's dollar for his ..products Instead of 36 to 46 per cent, as is now
the case."
A CENTRAL MARKET
Manager    McMillan  Says
Present Site Not Central Enough.
Mayor Suggests Erection of
Building on Old Hospital Grounds
"Yes, the city has spent a lot ot
money to build and promote this market," said Manager McMillan to The
Federatlonist. "But the . greatest
drawback to lt is that lt is too far
away from the business section and
trading oentre. This is not as it should
be. For Instance, ln the cities of the
east and the old country, the successful markets are located in the very
centres of trade and commerce. What
Is urgently needed tn Vancouver Ib a
large central retail market, situated
on the old hospital site, Pender street,
between Cambie and Beatty streets,
where the farm products could be
handled with cleanliness by farmers
or their associations; -also the city
could handle produce on a small commission basis."      ,
"What about trackage?"
"Trackage Is certainly desirable, but
not absolutely essential to the success
of any market. Seattle has a successful market and no trackage. This also
applies to many eastern cities. Cov
ent Garden, London, the largest market place ln the world, is without a
railroad' siding. Mayor Baxter has
suggested that the city should erect
a temporary market on the old hospital grounds. This proposition would
not require much cash, as the property is owned by the people, and would
allow us to demonstrate to the citizens the real value and need of a
public market. Besides, it would
prove to the farmers of this province
that the city counoll of Vancouver is
deslroii): of providing proper facilities
for the sale ol produce."
"What would become of the present
market?"
"It could be well used for hay,
grain, root vegetables aiid such like,"
And Mr. McMillan added that sanitation is always a stro.ig point ln a successful market. In this regard he Ib
absolutely correct, seeing that the
present structure is built on plies on
a tract of tidal land covered by water,
composed of a portion of the bed of
False Creek. As anyone who has
visited the place knows that when
the tide Is low the smell Is unlike
that of new-mown hay.
Manaaer Vanoouver City Market
RECORD  FRUIT CROP
Of Britiali Columbls This .Year Will
Surpass All Others
From all IftdleatlopB, the fruit crops
throughout this province this year will
surpass all previous records and their
successful marketing IS necessarily a
matter of Immediate impqrtanpe, says
the annual report bf the executive of
the B. G. Fruit Growers' Association.
The fruit growers. lh the coast die'
t.ibt8 may confidently look forward
to finding ah outlet in Vancouver for
a large portion of their products.
The section of the Interior where
(he great hulk of production
now centers, must,.,, set their
house ln order to meet the keen
competition now ln prospect. The
situation requires everfc reasonable
econpihy ia production and marketing
And, every possible extension of marketing facilities. Fruitgrowers must,
In all possible ways, reduce the cott
and inorease the efficiency of theh
THE CANADIAN BANK
OFCOMMERCE
Capital.  $16,000,000        Rest 112,600,000
Main Office: Corner Hastings and Qranvllle Streets, Vancouver.,
CITY BRANCHES
HASTINGS and CAMBIE....
EAST END .
LOCATION
,.:Cor. Hastings and Cambie Streets.
...Cor. Pender and Main Streets.
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. First Avenue and Commercial Drive.
FAIRVIEW - -Cor. Sixth Avenue and Qranvllle Street.
MOUNT PLEASANT Cor. Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
KITSILANO ,. Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street.
POWELL STREET Cor. Vlotoria Drive and Powell Straet.
SOUTH HILL Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraaer Road,
Also North Vsncouver Branch, cor,   Lonsdale  Ave.  and   Esplanade;
IT PAYS TO PAINT
WITtf
BECAUSE
FIRST—You get value for your money: We
guarantee every package and will refund your
money if you are not satisfied. .
SECOND.—You give employment to your fellow-workmen. We employ no Asiatics—nothing but
skilled help. We manufacture everything that is
used in our paints.
We make the Dry Colors used in our Paint.
We make the Varnish used in our Paint.
We make the Tin Cans to put the Paints in.
We print the Labels for the Paint.
We grind the Lead and Zinc used in our Paint.
Every time you buy Paint or Varnish see that
our name is on each package and you help give employment to some of our unemployed.
BRITISH AMERICA PAINT
COMPANY, Limited
Victoria      Vancouver      Calgary      Edmonton
WHOLESALE FISH MARKET
Vancouver Should Control Flsh Trsde
of British Columbia
Manager McMillan points out that
there is not a wholesale fish market
In Vancouver, notwithstanding the
fact that it IS a seaboard city and
should control the fish trade of British
Columbia. It ought to be an easy
matter to secure a street-end—say on
Gore or Dunlevy avenue—on which to
erect a wholesale flsh market. City
bylaws could be passed compelling
fishermen to land their catches at the
market, and have the same sold by
auction Immediately upon arrival,
"The open Bale of flsh would encourage private enterprise to a larger extent than it does at present," said Mr.
McMillan. "And It would naturally
follow that with proper accommodations that a wholesale market would
afford, new salesmen, would go into
business, and thus more fishermen
would flnd lucrative employment,"
Besides, this would mean larger supplies and cheaper prices to the consuming'public If there is anything
In the way of foodstuffs that need to
be handled under the strictest ot
sanitary arrangements lt Is that of
fresh flsh. The city health officer
would be on the flsh market to protect citlsens from "trap" flsh so common today. As It is, Oriental fishermen keep fish alive for days ln crates
submerged ln the water. And when
anyone wants a fresh fish lt Is taken
out of the filthy water, struck with a
club and killed and sold as fresh,
when ln reality tt Is sick. It Is understood that the civic health .committee
has sent a recommendation to the city
council that a flsh market be established. Seeing that the aldermen are
strongly bent on cutting down appropriations, the suggectlon will not be
carried out unless a robust public
agitation Is started for the establishment of a fish market, which would
mean practically a new industry for
Vanoouver. White fishermen at present are unable to follow their calling
owing to the fact that they are not
protected at all against the keen competition of Orientals. A well-regulated public market would be the
means of placing the Japanese and
Chinese where they belong, and the
public would he able to procure fresh
flsh at reasonable rateB. Further, an
Impetus would be given to box-making, fertilizers, tinned and all kinds bf
smoked flsh would be cured here and
shipped to the prairie provinces where
this Is good demand for coast flsh.
marketing organisation. They must
also promote the demand for the consumption ot fruit hy Improving its
quality, advertising it, and urging on
the trade and the consumer, and
Wherever possible open up fresh
ohannels of trade and new markets.
RETAIL PRICES.
Following are cash prices for delivered staple   commodities   by local
dealers:
Beef, sirloin steak, best,
lb. ,     <g>    .38
Beef,   medium,  shoulder,
roast,- lb ]B    @    .18
Veal, roasting piece from
forequarter,  lb. 15    ©    .20
Mutton, leg roast, lb      @    .25
Pork,     fresh,     roasting
piece from ham, lb 22    @    .25
Pork,   Bait,    short   cut,
Canadian inesH, lb    ....      @    .18
Breakfast bacon, smoked,
best, not sliced    •■■•     @    .35
Flsh, fresh, good quality,
Salmon, lb   •■•■     @   .20
Lard, pure leaf, best, lb.. —     #   .20
Egga, strictly fresh, doz.  —     ®    .55
Eggs, packed, dos   --     ®    '45
Milk, delivered, quart......
Butter, dairy, in tubs, lb.    ■■     @    .28
Butter, creamery, prints, „
lb. :....  ....     0>   .35
Cheese,   local,  Canadian,
old, lb   ....     ®   .30
Cheese,   local,  Canadian.
new,  Ib    ....      ©    .25
Bread, white, 1U lb. loaf     -     V   -OS
■Flour,   ordinary   family,
25 lh.. bag ;  ....     ®   .86
Rolled oats, standard, 7
lbs.   .'    ....     ®   .35
Rioe,  good   medium  "B" -
brand      ....     9   .08
Beans,     common,     dry,      ..      »
hand picked, lb   •-     ®   .06
Apples, evaporated, lb    —     ®   .12%
Prunes, lb  ....     ©   .1214
Tea, black, Ceylon, Pekoe, Souchongs, lb  ....     (<l   ,40
Tea,  green,  Japan, good
common       ©   ,r,o
Coffee,   roasted,   Rio  or
Santos      ©   ,40
Potatoes, local, sack      © 1,60
Vinegar, white wine, xxx
Qt „       @     25
Starch, laundry, lb.      ft.,   .08
Sugar,  cane,  granulated,
in 18 lb. bags      @ 1.00
Sugar,   cane,  yellow,  in
17 lb. bags       ® 1.00
Coal, Penn. good anthracite, stove size, delivered, ton  ,     @ 18.00
Coal, bituminous, delivered,   lump,   ton         ■ (St ISO
Coal,  bituminous,  dellv- w
ered, nut, ton !      © 6.60
Coal,  bituminous,  dellv- .
ered, pea, ton   . © 5 25
Dry  cordwood,   cord   ""     Z boo
Blocks,   load     "-     Z 3 50
Mill ends, load    ""     g 3JJ0
Slabs, short lengths, load ® 2*00
Slabs, four foot lengths,
cord       <J) 2.60
STEADY GROWTH
Ssles In 1913 Were 60,647 Packages,
Net Value 166,706.06
Vancouver olty market shows   a
steady growth from year to year.    In
1911 the whole amount of net earnings
was only about $1300; last year it amounted to 117,000, while this year it
will be over the 120,000 mark.      AU
kinds of produce are handled, in fact,   1
practically everything required for the    '
table.   Many thousands of sacks of
potatoes, oarrotB and vegetables of all
sorts are disposed of monthly, and the
purchaser has the assurance that they
are fresh and ln good condition.   The
net value- of the produce sold at the   ,
.i'/aaS8,.      IaBt ye8r sinounted to *
966.706.S6, and the number of  packages disposed of was 60,647 r
OFFICIAL PAPER VANCOUVER
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OfTKUL PAFflt MtlFW
UMMAnDOUTIONOF
SIXTH YEAR.    No. 150.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1914.        EIGHT PAGES
Values
IN
MEN'S
SUITS
AT
■These Special Value Suits
are well worth your investigation for the qualities
are of the very beBt, and
at the price quoted you
are assured of a Suit Bargain that only
"The Quality Store" can offer.
The Suits included in this offer come in
new Grey Tweeds so much in favor at the
present time. The collars and lapels are
all hand tailored—an important factor in
the appearance and shape-retaining qualities of any garment. Coat Linings are Mohair , Twill. Trousers are semi-peg top
style and are finished with five pockets and
may be had with cuff buttons if desired.
Vests are'of semi-high cut design.
ALL SIZES IN STOCK. COME AND
TRY THEM ON. WE SHALL BE DELIGHTED TO SERVE YOU.
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER OF GRANVILLE AND GEORGIA
J. LECKIE CO., LIMITED
SHOE
MANUFACTURERS
We manufacture every kind of
work shoe, snd specialize in lines
for miners, railroad construction,
logging, etc
VANCOUVER   -  -   B.C.
We keep the largest and most
complete line ot MEN'S snd
LADIES', BOYS', GIRLS' Hid
CHILDREN'S FOOTWEAR at
prices whloh cannot hs duplicated.
Everything is to bs found here.
HENRY D.RAE
Canada's Snsp Specialist
104 and KM CORDOVA ST. W.
THE MAMMOTH BARGAIN SHOE  STORE   IS  THE   SPOT   FOR
GOODS AND EXTRAORDINARY VALUES
STOVES and RANGES
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleaunt headquarters for Carpenters' Tools and all
kind* of Builders' snd Contracton' Supplies
W.R. OWEN & MORRISON
Phone Fair. 447. 2337 Main Street
OF THE LABOR
If
Controller James Simpson,
of Toronto, Speaks on
Above Subject
To   a   Largely  Attended
Meeting in Knox Church,
Peterboro, Ont.
Recently Controller James Simpson,
of Toronto, addressed a largely attended meeting in Knox church, Peterboro, taking as his subject "The Purpose and Power of the Labor Movement." Among the audience were
many workers of prominence in the
trades union movement of the Blectric
city. Rev. Mr. Keith presided. Mr.
Simpson demonstrated most effectually that the labor movement always
had and always wss battling for better conditions and a higher standard
of living for the toilers. It had ever
championed the oause of womanhood,
and Its aim was to educate the masseB
and by organisation and peaceable agitation lead them up to a better status
of oltisenhood. The trades union
movement was
A Greet Moral Force
that recognised the duty that the individual owed to his fellows and the
Btate. It had secured to the workers
shorter hours of labor, thus affording
them opportunity to develop their
moral and spiritual natures. It had
secured them a higher rate of wages,
thus enabling them to enjoy an Improved standard of living. It had secured legislation to protect the Ufe and
health of those engaged ln workshops
and factories and in hazardous occupations. In many countries lt had
successfully asserted itself ln the
realm- of politics, and wherever tt had
made its way it waB always to be
found battling for the larger life and
the wider liberty. In the course ot
his remarks the speaker showed that
organized
Lsbor and ths Church
were ln a position to co-operate
never before ln educating the great
mass of the people up to a higher
moral standard. The working class
movement was advancing more rapidly than any other movement ln the
world, and Its growing solidity was a
demonstration of the recognized brotherhood of the race, and that the time
was coming when lt would abolish
war and armaments from the face of
the earth. At the conclusion of his
address the speaker was accorded the
pleasure of meeting many of the
audience, as well as the local labor
workers, all of whom expressed their
appreciation of his efforts and the
pleasure it had given them to listen to
his able presentation of labor's cause.
(%rar) $1.50FBBTBAB
REV. A. I. COOKE
Minister Kl t silano I Congregatlonallst
Church, who laat Sunday dealt with
the miners' strike on Vancouver Island.
placing the responsibility upon the
government,, where.lt properly belongs.
INDUSTRIAL AFFAIRS
I
FOR OFFICE
Views of Editor Jos. Marks
of Toronto Industrial
Banner
Methods Not in Touch With
Crowing Democracy
of the Age
E
W. F. OF M. AND EDUCATION
Insist Upon United Political Action
Under Bsnnsr sf S. P. of C.
The Western Federation of Miners
ln B. C. never does anything by
halves. This Is amply evidenced by
two clauses ln their bylaws and constitution, adopted at the recent convention of District 6 ln Nelson. The
first reads:
"Sec. 2. Fifteen per centum of all
revenue raised under Section 1 of this
Article shall be placed at the disposal
ot the executive board of this District
to be by them used for educational
purposes."
The other:
"Sec. 3. Local unions afflliated with
District Association No. 6, Western
Federation of Miners, shall take united political action, and endorse the
principles and platform of the Socialist Party of Canada."
C P. R, Resdy-Made Farms
Local officials of the Ca P. R, passenger department have been advised of
the appropriation of $3,831,060 for the
work of its land and colonisation departments ln Alberta, The C. P, R. Is
planning to prepare hundreds of
ready-made farms for prospective settlers on the prairie this year.
"Dad" Arrives
Mr. Shaughnessy, more familiarly
known as "Dad," ex-president of the
Indianapolis typographical union, and
one of the best known and most popular printers ln the country, was a visitor to the standard office Saturday
and gave the boys the glad hand. Dad,
who Is returning from a visit to sev
eral of the eastern cities and Is en
route for Vancouver, is one of the "old
school printers" and Invariably receives a warm and hearty welcome
wherever he goes,—Kamloops Standard,
Is A Repetition of the Great
Financial Disaster
s of 1893
Condemns the 'Annual Burlesque" at Ottawa Voting
Millions in* Subsidies
"There is no concealing the fact
that hunger Is a menace to all kinds
of sooial order, and If social order Is
to be maintained the people must be
fed. Hunger Is a revolutionist It has
neither creed nor moral system. It
Is desperate, brav beyond heroic
bravery, or aneaklngly cowardly as
the occasions demand, for hunger Is
master of all emotions. There Is not
a particle of sentiment ln In empty
stomach, only the overwhelming
rationality of Its demand to be filled.
It is the primal urge of nature to live,
and lt will Insist upon being fed,"   '
ROOMS-LIGHT, WARM, COMPORT-
able, with breakfast. Apply 40 Fourteenth avenue weat.
"The Kodak House"
KODAKS and PHOTO
SUPPLIES
Developing/ Printing, Enlarging
Pictures and Picture Framing
BISHOP & CHRISTIE
421 GRANVILLE ST.
John W, Bruce, of Toronto, general
organiser of the' Plumbers' and Steamfltters' union, who recently visited
Vancouver, is at present at Montreal
ln the Interests of the men whom he
represents. In an Interview with a
Montreal dally, Mr. Bruce stated that
conditions In the Industrial world all
over the dominion are in a terrible
way at present. During the last- few
months he haB covered the territory
from coast to coast and the conditions
are so deplorable that he bellves there
will be a repetition of the great flnanclal disaster of 1893. "Thousands of
men are out of employment in all our
cities," said he, "and many of them
are in a Btate of starvation that is a
disgrace to this country of such
splendid natural resouroes.
Corporation Greed
I resent the attitude of some of the
large corporations, whioh have been
developed at the expense of the country's treasury, in that,' after drawing
millions of dollars In dividends, they
should be the flrst to reduce the
hours of employment and the wages of
the men engaged ln the various industries, ln Toronto there are trom
15,000 to 20,000 idle. Winnipeg is very
bad, while Vancouver is even worse.
Thousands of men have left the latter
place Inside the last few months because they were unable to get employment, in fact, the figures, obtained
from reputable sources, ln regard to
the latter Is that 30,000 have left that
city during the last four months.
Annual Burlesque
We see the annual burlesque taking place in Ottawa, where they are
preparing to vote millions in subsidies
to railways, and again rehashing the
question of voting millions ln war expenditure, and yet there is no place
In the address, nor has there been any
mention on the floor of the house of
the serious industrial conditions prevailing, or anything proposed to be
done to relieve them In the interests
of the workers. Immigration companies have received millions to bring
workers to this country, hut what protection can workers expect now that
they have been brought here, from
such a beneficent government?"
Joseph T. Marks, editor of the
Industrial Banner, of Toronto, Ont,
favors the abolition of property
qualifications for the holding of municipal offices. He points out that it
requires no property qualifications
whatever If a man aspires to a sest in
the provincial legislature or the federal parliament Of course, members of
the' provincial government would not
agree with the proposition that the
lack ot such property qualifications
had worked detrimental to the welfare
of either chamber, where the representatives were called to vote upon
the expenditure of millions of dollars.
It was a ridiculous proposition that a
man without property eould represent the people in the big law-making
bodies, but was debarred from running
for a paltry alderman's Job,
•hould Bt Abolished
If It was right for our provincial and
national legislature and the members
of our boards of education to be elected without these qualifications, lt was
proper that they should be abolished
In their entirety. The people should
have a right to choose the representatives they desired to serve them, and
under the present system some of the
brightest minds lh the community
were prevented from serving the
people, who would like to bave them
represent them. It was the claim today that suitable material could not
be secured to act on the parlous municipal boards, and lt was a notorious
fact that many a nonentity legislated
with the title of alderman to his name
who had no other recommendation
whatever than that he had inherited
some land from his parents.
Abolition Growing
From all quarters the demand for
the abolition of property qualifications
was growing insistent, and lt would
not down. It was undemocratic and
Indefensible, and not ln touch with the
growing democracy of the age and,
like many another social inequality,
was doomed to disappear. Men who
themselves were elected to represent
the people ln the larger and more Important legislative- chambers, where
no property qualifications whatever
were needed, should be the last to
uphold such an Indefensible system.
The day was coming when character
would be recognized as the only standard of merit, and the system of representation must be changed to keep
pace with the progressive spirit of the
age.
'    CALUMET OUTRAGES
Washington Stats Federation of Lsbor
Demsnds Investigation
Whereas—The employers of labor
ln Calumet, Mich.; Colorado, and British Columbia, have made war on the
working class, and have with the assistance of local, state, and federal
authorities brutally assaulted, clubbed
and Imprisoned our brothers without
cause; therefore be It
Resolved—By the Washington State
Federation of Labor, that we emphatically protest against such outrages being practiced against our fellow men
by the capitalistic class, and be lt further
Resolved—That we hereby condemn
those responsible for such outrages,
and demand that investigations he
made of conditions existing at above
places, and be lt further
Resolved—That -copies of this re-
solution be sent to labor papers
throughout the United States of America and Canada.
A Tribute to "Teddy" Knight.
The Electrical Worker, official
Journal of the I. B. of B. W., Just to
hand contains a most fitting tribute
to the late E. C. Knight, who was recently electrocuted in this city. It
says in part: "His untimely death Is
regretted by a large circle of sorrowing friends, both In labor circles and
In the various fraternal organisations
of which he was a member. Though
he has passed over the Oreat Divide
and entered into the undiscovered
country, from whose bourne no traveler returneth, still his life, nobly lived
ln the interests of his fellowmen, wtll
be a fitting monument to his memory.
Of Brother Knight we can say, like
Mark Anthony said over the bier of
the dead Brutus, 'Hts life was gentle
and the elements so mixed ln htm
that nature might stand up and say to
all the world, this was a man.'"
MA8S MEETING
Carpsnters Past Resolutions to Cancel Affiliations of Unions
A Joint mass meeting of the Amalgamated and Brotherhood Carpenters'
unions waa held on Thursday night,
when some 160 members were present. The proposed new constitution
and bylaws for tbe respective bodies
were considered at length and adopted. It was decided to elect one
business agent, for which position the
nominees were Messrs. W. Foxcroft,
D, Unwln, J, T. C Smith, L. McLean
and H. J. McEwen. A lively contest
ensued, the final ballot resulting In
H. J. McEwen (Amalgamated) receiving 61 votes, and D. Unwln (Brotherhood) 60, McEwen being declared
elected amidst applause. After a
prolonged debate three motions were
carried withdrawing the union's affiliations with (1) Trades and Labor
council, (2) Building Trades council,
and (3) B. C. Fedjratlon of Labor. W.
Foxcroft president pro tem, presided,
and J. Bltcon acted as secretary pro
tem. The next meeting of the district council will be held In February
26th, when officers will be elected.
"Harry" Harris Ssrlously III
"Hsrry" Harris, 4433 Sophia street,
an old-time member and officer of
Pioneer division, Street Railway Employees' union, who has been ill for
some three months, left for Toronto
yesterday upon Instructions from his
physicians. Mr. Harris was accompanied by Mrs. Harris and the latter's
mother, Mrs, Sheepway.
The thousand odd members and
union associates of Mr. Harris ln the
B, C, E. R. service will Join The Fed.
In wishing him an early recovery and
return to Vaneouver.
Question of Wages
It Is rumored In building contracting circles ln Vancouver that owing
to the prevailing depression general
reductions are to be made ln the
wages of building trades mechanics
of all kinds. Many contractors claim
that the boom times of a few years
ago sent wages up to an artificial
pitch. Inquiry as to which trades
would likely be most affected brought
no conclusive answer, but lt Is freely
admitted that the wages of bricklayers and carpenters will be among
those first affected.
Fort William T. and T. council has
approved of Sir William R. Meredith's
draft of Ontario's proposed Workmen's compensation act
Removal Announcement
CENTER-&HANNA,Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service. After December
6, 1913, at 1049 Georgia Street,
one block west of Court House.
Uceof Modern ChapelandFunera I
Parlors free to all patrons
ABig Demonstration
and Sale of Spencer
Hat Values for Men
There are hundreds of men who recognize
the unique position this store occupies and
its ability to excel in the matter of values.
There are also several thousand men who,
not having given the matter a thought, have
failed to realize it. Each succeeding day we
get a few converts to the shop-at-Spencer's
idea, and the numbers are mounting up.
This demonstration and sale of hats will
serve our purpose and show you the kind
of hat values we offer. You will have every
opportunity of seeing the many styles and
the qualify of the hats we sell. Many of the
lines are specially made for us by well-
known makers, but are sold to you under the
name Spencer as being the best indication
we can give that we consider the product absolutely reliable and the best that can be had
at the price. We will appreciate it if you
will critically examine the following lines,
'which constitute the greater part of the
demonstration.    .
AT $1.00—Choice of three serviceable hsts in soft
shapes, including a wool felt and a chinchilla. These
hats are in papular grey, brown and green mixtures
and plain shades.
AT $1.60—Soft hats of superior quality, in rough finished felt.  All the leading shapes.
AT $1.76—A splendid assortment of English tweed
bats in mixed effects; also genuine fur felt hats in
straight colors and popular soft shapes.
AT $3.60—A wonderful assortment that comprises
all the new Spring shapes, in American and London
makes. These hats sre genuine fur felt, snd most of
them have the unbound brim. Without a doubt
this is the best hat sold in Vancouver today at the
price.
HARD &ATS AT $2,60 are represented by a genuine
fur felt hat made for us by a celebrated English
maker. The finish of this hat is equal tb many standard lines selling for $4.00 and $5.00. As regards
style it is correct—we ean'say no more.
David Spencer Limited
DAVID 8PENCER, LTD.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
Heintzman&Co.
PIANOS and
Player-Pianos
A Canadian Instrument built by
Canadian labor
SOLO ON REASONABLE TERMS
BY
WALTER F. EVANS & CO.
526 Hailingi Street Wttl
Stanfield's Underwear
Blue Label, Suit $3.00     Red Label, Suit $2.50
Red Label Combination, Suit $3.00
Headlight Overalls of all lire's
DR. REED'S CUSHION
SOLE SHOES, $6.00
W. B. Brummitt
18-20 Cordon St., Weil
m-aisHiON
(■^.ITOliESUMltft
KUUBMUOrrEETAN)
TOM
2 ai;nio»ium)BTS»nor*
4'ouwni ruts twat rucu
Mackay Smith, Blair & Co.
LIMITED
WHOLESALE
MEN'S FURNISHINGS AND
DRYGOODS
206 Cambie Street VANCOUVER, B. C.
\W0RKERS UNION/
Named Shoes are frequently made ia Non-
Union Factories—Oo Not Buy Any Shoe
no matter what Its name, unleu It bean a
plain anl readable impreaalon or this stamp.
All ahoea without the Union Stamp sr*
alwaya Non-Union,
BOOT A SHOE WORKERS' UNION
246 Bummer Street, Boston, Haas.
J, P. Tobln, Pres.   O. L. Blaine, 8ee.-Treas. PAGE POUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY FEBRUARY M, 1914.
THE
MOLSONS
BANK
Capital and  Reserve,  ..  (8,700,000
85 branches ln Canada
A general banking business transacted.
Savings Department
Interest allowed at highest
current rate
East End Branch
150 HASTINGS STREET EAST
A. W. Jarvls, Manager
The Royal Bank
ofJCanada
INCORPORATED 1869
Paid-up Capital - - - ♦ 11,500,00
Reaerve     12,500,000
Total Aaaeta 180,000,000
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DEPOSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
bualneaa will be welcome be It' large or
email
FOURTEEN BRANCHE8 IN
VANCOUVER
THE
INCORPORATED
1S55
BANK OF
TORONTO
Capital and Reaerve l.1,17«,B78
Savings Accounts
Saving!) accounts are conducive
to provident living. In our
Savings Department they may
he opened in the name ot one
individual or ln the names ot
two or more Jointly, with the
privilege for each ot depositing
or withdrawing money as desired, The Bank ot Toronto accepts Savings Accounts, irrespective ot the amount of the
initial deposit
Assets -,60,000,000
Deposits ..   (41,000,000
Main Office—
466 HASTINGS ST. WEST
(Near Rteharda)
Branches—
Cor. Hastings and Carrall Sts.
New Weatminster
Victoria i
Merritt
Credit Foncier
FRANCO-CANADIAN
MONEY   TO   LOAN   ON   IMPROVED    OITY    PROPERTY.
NO BROKERAGE.
Apply st Company's Office
837 HASTING8 ST. WEST,
VANCOUVER, B.C.
FOR EXPERT
REPAIRING
CO TO
GEO. G. BIGGER
Jeweller and Optician
143 Halting! Street Weil.
rioat ■ajrmou STM
DIXON & MURRAY
OAMTWSttMtUS, BIO.
Offloa ant Store rltUnf.   Oeaonl
jobUnr
WHENORDERINGASUIT
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
It stands for all thst Union
Lsbor Stands for.
I a C. FEDERATIONIST
Pabllahed avary rrlday morning by tilt
B. O. r.4.rationlat, uZ
R. Parm. Pettipiece •
•   Manager
DIRECTORS: Jaa. Campbell, preaident;
Christian Slvertz, vlce-prealdent; J.
Kavanagh; J. H. McVety, secretary-
treasurer, and R. P. Pettipiece.
Offloe: Boom 817, Kefeor Tomple.
TeL Exchange S.y. 7495.
Advertising Manager
M. C. Shrader
Subscription: $1.60 per year; In Vanoouver
City, 12.00; to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00.
"Unity of Labor,* tho hop. of the world."
FRIDAY FEBRUARY 20, 1914.
THE GOVERNMENT'S APOLOGY,
That the industrial situation on
Vancouver island is disturbing the occupants of the seats ot the might]'
at Ottawa and Victoria is evidenced
by the fact that the oracle has spoken
—Sir Richard McBride has at last
broken silence and given us a remarkable display of special pleading. His
answer to John Place's resolution of
want of confidence in the government
is so certainly the outcome Ot lalssez
(aire, ineptneBs and pre-judgment that
lt can carry no conviction to any open
mind. In faot, did the miners themselves want any Justification from the
mine-owners or their apologists, they
could ask for nothing better than the
premier's speech. It will be remembered that when Parker Williams last
week sought to discuss the matter
on the floor of the house he was ruled
out of order on a technicality. The
member for Nanalmo wes more fortunate and succeeded in putting before the legislature the most damning
indictment on which the present government has yet been arralnged. That
the premier and the attorney-general
did not raise more technicalities and
"steam-roller" the resolution is of Itself sufflclent proof that they are now
getting "rattled" and feel that how;
ever feeble lt may he, some excuse
for their gross dereliction of duty-
pnd worse—must be made. Reason
there could1 be none were the members of the government acting openly
and straight with the province. The
premier stated there was no necessity for him to interfere, and this ln
spite of the repeated requests of the
minerB for investigation. Sir Richard
poses as a legislator for the whole
community—do not tha miners form
a considerable portion of that community? Should their requests he Ignored at the behest of a coterie of
mine-owners with whom it would appear the government has -ntered into
an unholy alliance? Itas conduct has
from the very commencement of the
trouble suggested that the relations
of the ministry with the owners is
of a nature ill calculated to be of
service to the workers, in fact, he has
openly espoused the cause ot the
masters. Mr. Place insisted, and public opinion fully agrees with bim, that
it waa the plain duty of the minister
of mines to Investigate the circumstances leading up to the troubles
and place the responsibility where lt
properly belonged. That waB exactly
what the miners asked, and exactly
what the government was afraid to
do.
...
In declaring there wee no necessity
for interference on the part of the
department of mines the premier carefully avoided the crux of the matter
and devoted his attention to a laudation of himself aa a champion of the
cause ot labor, a few perverted extracts from an elementary primer on
political economy, the dismissal of a
member of the gaa committee and
the old familiar bete nolr—International unions. Jn one breath he spoke
of the blessing he had been to labor
during the past eleven years and ln
the next be eulogised capital without
which, he said, labor must perish.
Nothing waa said as to the state of
capital without labor, or aa to the
criminality displayed by capital ln the
present trouble. He denied that MotUshaw was dismissed by the colliery
company, but he omitted to say that
the company practiced the old game
or "freeze out" MotUshaw was given
no work, consequently he quit—what
else could he do? Surely that was
discrimination, and, endangering the
lives of hundreds of miners, lt was
discrimination of the worst type. Gas
was reported ln the workings by the
gas committee, but lt would cost
money, real money, not watered stock,
to make the necessary improvements.
Human l|ves will not balance dividends in soul-less corporation scales,
so the man who did his duty was
deprived of his means of livelihood,
Has Sir Richard thought of the outcry—In which he would doubtless have
been vociferous—that would have
arisen had a ghastly calamity arisen
from the failure of the committee to
report the presence of gas? That is
another side of the question. He
calls the Incident "a pretext for a
strike." Men may sacrifice their Uvea
for some high purpose, but it is beyond the bounds of reason to believe
that the miners would gamble with
their lives as the company wished
them to, when the latter deliberately
tried to set at naught regulations for
safeguarding human life. No, Sir
Richard should apply the word "pre-
text" to hla own attempt to whitewash his government.
A news report ln the Vancouver
Dally Province—a conservative organ
—quotes the premier as stating that
"the coal atrlke came about through
the failure of the United Mine Work
ers of America to entrench themr
selves as quickly and sb strongly as
they had planned," and ln the absence
of an official Hansard this may be
taken as a correct report. Remembering that Sir Richard says the
strike was caused by the United Mine
Workers he means that the union
forced a strike before tbey were financially and otherwise ready. If so,
then there must have been some very
urgent and irreslstable reason—such
as the gas committee incident—to induce tbem to take such a course of
action, and consequently Sir Richard's
argument falls to the ground. Tbere
was something underneath the surface
of the mine-owners' attitude. When
the premier touched upon the subject
of International unions the clover hoof
appeared. "Internationalism" — that
Is the spectre that haunts him, the
monster at which he tilts his wooden
sword, the object of all hatred and
malice to Uie mine-owners. For years
there has been, throughout BrlUsb
Columbia, an undercurrent of deliberate and organized antagonism to international unions on the part of employers generally. The reason Is not
far to seek. They know full well
that, with tbe connivance ot the
provincial government, they could render Impotent any merely local unions
—unions not part and parcel of organizations that are as wide as the
continent. The workerB know this
equally well, and although overture's
are constantly made to members of
International unions to break away and
form local organizations, there is not
the slightest possibility of such a
happening. The appeals for "Empire
unions," "Canadian organizations"
fall on deaf ears, labor knows the result If tbey listened to the voice of
the charmer. The dictum of wise old
Dr. Johnson that patriotism was the
last refuge of knaves finds ready acceptance today ln Canada. The
workers have become nauseated with
the spurious Imitations of patrloUsm
that have of late been rammed down
their throats. Capital owns no country,
no allegiance to aught Bave the sanctity of dividends, and this week the
world has seen one of the greatest
shipping companies in Great Britain
trying to evade Its just Indebtedness
by invoking the maritime laws of the
United States. Why, even the bitterest enemy of the miners, the man
whom the premier has leant on, Is
an alien, although that Is nothing to
the discredit of the country ot his
birth—there are black sheep In every
family. The government of British
Columbia can rest assured, as can the
rest of Canada, that international unions are here to stay.
• .   *
Much has been made both by Sir
Richard McBride at Victoria and the
minister of labor at Ottawa, over an
address by Mr. Frank Farrington to
the membership ot his union nearly
a twelve-month ago. By lt they seek
to show that the whole aim of the
United Mine Workers was to benefit
mine-owners south ot the boundary.
Could anything be more preposterous?
That working men on Vancouver
Island would Jump at the chance of
depriving themselves and their families of the bare necessities of lite
would suffer indignities and even Jail
to enrich the coal-owners ln Washington and other states Is ridiculous, or,
as our schoolday mentor says, "which
is absurd." As Parker Williams pertinently pointed out, Mr. Farrlngton's
address was a powerful argument to
bring the wages ot miners on the
Island up to tbe standard of Washington, inasmuch as British Columbia
coal is superior to that below tbe
49th parallel, and lt was with that
object In view that Mr. Farrington
made the remarks referred to. Mr.
Farrington also wrote a long letter
to Mr. Crothers criticizing Commissioner Price's report on the conditions on Vancouver Island, but lt is
passing strange that only alight reference waa made to that document
Alphonse Verville Insisted on reading
lt ln the federal house ln order that
lt might be placed on record, remark
Ing that lt dealt fully with the report.
The one-sidedness and bias of the
commissioner's report are bo marked
that Mr. Verville felt lt unnecessary
to discuss lt. Mr. Farrington had
already torn lt to shreds, and the
member for Malaonneuve doubtless
thought the least said about lt the
• *   .
better—for the labor department.
As to the men who have suffered,
and are suffering, imprisonment and
privations, there la little ot moment to
be said. The question Is acute and Is
one of the blackest pages ln Canadian
history—a. page not yet turned over.
They have been staunch to their
tenets and for that they have been
treated as malefactors, "The blood of
the martyrs is the seed of the church,"
and every man, woman and child wbo
has felt the Iron heel of despotic
power will soon have made a score
of followers. Truly the government
could have done nothing more calculated to promote the strength of
the organization they have so deeper
ately assailed. They have Bown the
wind and are now reaping the whirlwind.
of
STILL ANOTHER THREAT
At the recent Seattle convention ...
the American Federation of Labor,
Father Dletz, as a fraternal delegate
and representing the Mllltla of Christ,
expressed himself as hopeful that the
trade union movement on this continent would forever keep clear of what
seemed to him to be an awful spectre
—socialism. In fact tbe reverend
father hoped lt would not be necessary to bring Into being Roman Catholic trade unions, as had bein found
necessary In Germany,
A couple of weeks ago a woman
correspondent in The Federationist depreciated the extolment of Martin
Murphy, the Dublin capitalist bully
and industrial autocrat, by a local
weekly publication, tbe B. C. Western
Catholic.
The Western Catholic last week almost goes Into hysterics and, possessing no argument, resorts to distortion.
It also repeats Uie covert threat of
Father Diets, and as a peroration
hurls this query:
. .Has the time not arrived for
Catholic workmen to protest, ln
no uncertain manner, against the
use being made of his money and
official trades paper ln the furtherance of socialism and attacks on
his religion?
T,he Western Cathoiio will dls
cover, in the course of time, tbat the
enonomlc Interests ot wage workers,
ln the last analysis, will endure long
after the efforts of dlsruptlonists fall.
Religion Is a splendid theme, But
lt takes a lot of lt to make a meal.
And the bread and butter question ts
just now demanding attention. Until
that question is settled there will be
no settlement. If, in the meantime,
Father Dletz or the Western Catholic
gets ln tbe way—well the fault does
not He with that portion of the working class expressed ln the International trade union movement.
Buck up!
Few    wage-workers    die   natural
deaths.
Make a noise like men, not children.
The labor movement Is a man's job.
Let The Fed. do your union   job
printing.
Absence   makes   the   heart   grow
fonder—of another.
When ln doubt blame lt on the
editor.
The outstanding argument ln favor
of socialism Is—its opponents.
If the federal government Is wise
ln its day and generation Minister of
Labor Crothers will he retired to his
village home.
An opposition party of two seems
to be about all .the McBrlde-Bowser
aggregation can stand. Two more
like Williams and Place would make
It unbearable.
There never wes a time in the his
tory of man when he was capable of
producing so much wealth—and had
so little of lt.
The reply of Premier McBride to
the demands ot the unemployed for
an opnortunity to earn a living is still
tn cold storage, along with the report
of the "labor" commission.
With half a dozen more Williams
and Place's sort ln the local house
there would be very little business
done until the workers' business was
attended to.
Toronto Labor Temple company
shareholders are this week to celebrate the burning of the last mortgage on their labor temnle, now val-
* ued at upwards of -80,000.
A political party that could survive
with F. C. Wade, Ralph Smith and
Jack McConne*! as appendages must
have some mission ln life, doubtful
though It may be.
These are the times that try the
metal of trades unionists. Out of the
melting pot will come the foundation
for a bigger, better and stronger force
for human happiness than ever before,
Hundreds of young women have lost
their Jobs ln Vancouver since Jan. 1st.
Last week twenty-two made application for one "situation" as a "domestic
servant."   Spell anything to you?
After the tortures of the damned to
which the man Collins was subjected
this week by an official hangman, at
Calgary, one would think that capital
punishment would be abolished forever.
The conspiracy of silence maintained towards the unemployed problem of the west, by daily newspapers,
' has at last been broken, and the echo
has reached even the House of Com
mons at Ottawa.
If Ontario unionists do not eventu
ally secure the best Workmen's Com
Herniation act ln the world lt will not
be because they do not deserve It.
They are putting up a magnificent
flght against strong odds.
John Place's retort when called
unon by Sneaker Eberts to withdraw
the "15 cent tin pot imitation of Napoleon" epithet apnlled to Bowser
deserves to rank with Peter Simple's
apology to the flrst lieutenant,
Praotlcally every induitrlal con
oern on the Pnclflc coast has volun
tnrlly reduond the hours of their em
nloyees—with a corresponding reduction In wages, nf course. Too much
"visible Biinnly." In other words, the
workers have nroduced so much
wealth they must go without any
While the federal government has
made a start on the parcels post system it will be observed that it has
been so arranged that the exnresn
comnanlns need have little fear of
competition. Hownver it may be developed Into somethine' more In keep
ing with modern requirements.
Thanks to the Insane nollcv of
"vice" scntteratlon nt nresent in
voene ln Vancouver, the General hospital is overtaxed with coses of venereal dljpases among both sexes.
About all the town ni>ed« to bs classified as a "restricted district" Is a
huge tent.   Great is civic wisdom.
The members of the executive council nf the Trades and Labor congress
nf Canndn nre to be commended for
the snlendld case they nresented tn
the executive membrirs of the federal
government nn behalf of the Im-
nrlsonod miners nf Vancnuver island.
Very little was left unsaid. The next
move ts certainly up to Minister of
Justice Doherty.
The unionist who oftttmes thinks
he sees evidences of the parasite in
the officers he has he'ned tn elect, will
slave all day, vear In and year out,
for a corporation that robs him   of
about four-fifths of Uie product of his
toll wlthing blinking an eye. ,In fact
he likes lt so well that he Insists
upon voting for the perpetuation of
such a system on each succeeding
election day.
Bothalsm doesn't pay. The dominions are now finding out that tbe
British investor is getting shy of
placing his money where thugs and
gunmen are employed ln Industrial
disputes. New Zealand can get loans
oversubscribed while the South African loan of $20,000,000 this week was
an utter i failure, the underwriters
having to take UP over 80 per cent.
Even the 20 per cent, subscribed by
the public was at a discount the day
it was Issued.
Both federal and provincial governments are this week discussing the
Vancouver island miners' strike. It
only took two years to bring the discussion ahout, but the miners are no
quitters and will not begrudge the
time. Present Indications would
seem to warrant the assumption that
some twenty years hence government
intervention may be expected. Meantime the miners will be well advised
to depend upon themselves if the
right to organize is to be established.
The B. C, provincial government
gives a grant of a sandbank to one
private company, the dominion government gives the same sandbank to
another private company. Consequently the two companies clash, but
be It noted that the governments
take up the case ln the courts to save
their proteges expense. By the time
the matter gets to the Privy Council
—where counsel stated lt would
eventually land—the taxpayers of this
country will have paid many thousand
dollars to establish the right of one of
the two companies to fleece the public.
In the mines of the United States
there were 2,300 men killed during
the past year. No one was arrested
or convicted on account of this loss
of life, but lahor officials, who have
attempted to organize the men of the
mines and make lt possible for slaves
to come together and demand that
human life shall not be sacrificed in
the Interest of dividends, have heen
arrested and Imprisoned, and some of
them have been foully shot and murdered, to remind us of the fact that
wealth Is king and "can do not wrong,"
—Miners' Magazine.
"No one Is likely to dispute the
statement that lt is possible to generate from water power on the Pacific
coast enough electric current to perform all the work that it ts necessary
to perform, Including the housework
of every house. No one Is likely to
dispute the statement that if that
power were to be owned and developed by the people, who, of course,
would not care to make a profit out
of themselves, the coat of living
would be materially reduced and the
pleasure of living materially Increased, Why then do we allow capitalists to throttle a great part of lt
and charge what they please for the
rest of lt?"~C. M. W.
"The starving have been always In
the lead of revolutions, and it was the
ragged and unfed who crumbled a
Bastile Into ruins. With all the
mighty lessons of history before the
people as to the danger of starving
the masses, they are still starved. Lean
hunger still ln the most civilized
countries stalks a red menace and
white terror through the land. No
armed force can keep lt permanently
in subjection. The starving multitude
throughout history has time and time
again demonstrated that fact, and
written it in letters of blood and fire
that all mankind for the ages might
read and learn and fear. But such Is
human obtuseness ln the presence
of human greed, that the lesson is
read but forgotten. And the unemployed menace is still with us just the
same today as lt was one hundred
years ago.   And it is getting worse."
Controller James Simpson, Toronto,
was only on the job about one week
when he began making Inquiries into
the wages paid certain civic workmen, with the result that a special
committee was named to deal with
the matter at once. The lesson is bo
plain that he who runs may read.
With tbe recent organization of the
Western Labor Press Association,
The Fed. hopes to resume its cartoon
service at an early date. Sec-treas.
Ault, of the Seattle Record, is now
completing arrangements with Cartoonist Renfro. Ahout a dozen Pacific
coast labor papers have already affiliated with the W. L. P. A. The next
forward move on the part of the Association will probably be the placing
of a special correspondent ln the Held
'for the purpose of keeping afflliated
papers ln touch with strike and other
news of the trade union movement
throughout the Paelfle northwest, '
"The greatest value of the strike
lies In Its power to dispel the slavish-
sees, the meekness—yeB, even the
cowardice—of the depressed workers.
Its greatest power Is not economic,
but psychic. It binds the workers together; it creates in them a desire
for solidarity and opens their eyes to
the strength ot organization. It is a
medium through which a hundred
souls, Ave hundred souls, or a thousand souls, previously pursuing a
hundred or a thousand different
thoughts, perhaps even distrusting or
antagonizing each other, become animated by a single thought, a single
ambition. It Is a medium through
which trust and love are born—more
than that, through which courage Ib
born. Increasing courage and increasing solidarity, these are the results of the strike most valuable to
the workers, for when their courage
Is high enough and the sweep of their
solidarity wide enough, they can accomplish anything."—E. W.'
"For ajpclety cannot protect Itself
against the menace of hunger. In
the presence of the hungry multitude, civilization becomes merely a
dream, and all the protecting influences which civilization has built
around Itself, shadowy and suhstan-
celess as the dream Itself. Neither
morality nor religion can protect
society that tolerates Its millions in
hunger and destitution. For human
beings must be fed. Human life will
not passively submit to starvation.
Individuals may succumb, but the
mass will rise against It, and the multitude swayed by over-mastering hunger know law of neither man nor God.
They become Imbued with the primal
Instinct to live and to, resist, as all
living things wtll unquestionably resist, extinction. All the logic of the
schools, all teachings of the churches,
all the decisions of the courts—even
the machine guns and bayonets of the
forces of law and order, possess no
dread for the victims of unconquerable hunger."
CIGARMAKERS' LOCAL No. SS7—Meets
flnt Tueaday each month,, 8 p.m.
Preaident, Walter Hoaklna; vice-president, F. J. Brandt; aeeretary, Robert J.
Craig, Kurts Cigar Factory; treasurer, S.
W. Johnson.
B.C. UNION DIRECTORY
 CARDS INSERTED     tt     $1.00 A MONTH
B. C. FEDERATION OP LABOR—
Meets ln annual convention in January. Executive officers, 1914-15: President, A. Watchman; vice-presidents, W.
F. Dunn, H. J. McEwen, Geo. Hardy, J,
W. Gray, H. Kundson, J. J. Taylor, B.
Simmons. Secretary-treasurer, A. S.
Wells, Box 1E38, Victoria, B. C.
TRADES    AND    LABOR    COUNCIL-r
Meets   first   and   third   Thursdays.
Executive   board:   W.   Foxcroft,    president; Jas, H, McVety, vice-president; J.
VV. Wilkinson, general secretary, Room
210 Labor Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer; Miss Brisbane, statistician; John
Sully, sergeant-at-arms; G. W. Curnock,
W. R. Trotter and H. McEwen, trustees.
LABOR   TEMPLES   COMPANY,   LTD.-
Dlreotors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan, Murdock McKenzle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free. Managing director,  J. H.  McVety,  Room 211.
ALLIED  PRINTING   TRADES   COUNCIL—Meets 2nd Monday ln month.
President, Geo, Mowat; secretary, F. R,
Fleming, P.O. Box *<■
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
penters and Joiners—Room 20*9.
Sey. 2908. Business agent J. A. Kay;
offlce hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to 6 a.m,
Secretary of management committee,
Jas, Bltcon, 873 Hornby atreet. Branches
meet every Tuesday and Wednesday In
Room 302.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners, Local No. '617—Meets
first and third Monday of each month, 8
p. m. Executive committee meets every
Friday 8 p. m. President, Ed. Meek, recording secretary, Chas. Scott, 305 Labor
Temple; financial secretary and business
agent, J. Schurman, 305 Labor Temple.
BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS LO-
r~*-a ■_»». CAL No. 46—Meets sec-
f £™i*"'t'_- ond and fourth Satur-
KJ_____W__ days, 7.30 p.m. President,
OZaTjHiSa H. G. Leeworthy; corresponding secretary, R, J,
Adams; business agent, J.
Black, Room 220, Labor
Temple
BARBERS'   LOCAL,   NO.   180—MEETS
second and fourth Thursday*. 8:80
p.m, President, J. W. Green; recorder, C.
E. Herrltt; secretary-business agent, C,
F. Burkhart, Room 208,  Labor Temple,
Hours: ll to 1; 6 to 7 p.m.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL NO. 676.—OF-
flce Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets
first Sunday of each month. President,
F. F. Lavlgne; financial secretary, Geo.
W. Curnock, Room 208, Labor_ Temple. _
BRIDGE AND STRUCtURAL IRON
WORKERS' Internationa) Union,
Coca) 97—Meets second and fourth Friday, Labor Temple, 8 p.m, President,
f. A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
788 Semlln Drive, phone Bey, tit.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS'. NO. I
—Meets every Tuesday, 6 p.m., Room
807,    President, James Haslett; corres-
fonding secretary, W, B. Dagnall, Boi
S: financial secretary, F, R. Brown;
business agent, W. 8. Daar.aU. Room
816
BOOKBINDERS'   LOCAL   UNION   NO.
105—Meets third Tuesday In every
month, In Room 208, Labor Temple.
President, F. J. Milne; vice-president, 11.
Perry;   seoretary,   George   Mowat,    516
Dunlevy avenue,	
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 191—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8 p. m.
President, F, Barclay, 388 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe street.
COOKS. WAITERS AND WAITRESSES
Union—Meets flrat Friday ln each
month, 8:80 p.m., Labor Temple. W. E.
Walker, buslnes representative. Ofllce:
Room 203, Labor Temple, Hours: 9 a.m,
to 10.80; 1 p.m. to 2.30 and 5 p.m. to 6.00
p.m.   Competent help furnished on short
notice.   Phone Sey. 3414.	
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHERS
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No, 1—Meets 11:80 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, T. O'Connor, P. O. Box 432,
Vancouver. Local secretary and treasurer, H. W. Withers, P, O. Box 432, Vancouver.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO.
213—Meets Room 301 every Monday
8 p.m. President, Dave Fink; vice-president, M, Sander; recording secretary,
Roy Elgar, Labor Temple; financial secretary and business agent, W. F. Dunn,
Room 207, Labor Temple.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO.
621 (Inside Men)—Meets flrst and
third Mondays of each month. Room 205,
8 p.m. President, H. P. McCoy; recording secretary, Geo. Albers; business
agent, F. L. Estinghausen, Room 207.
LONGSHOREMENS* INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 X 62-Meets
every Friday evening, 146 Alexander
street. President, P. Peel; secretary,
Geo. Thomas.
MACHINISTS, NO. 182-MEBTS SBC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7.15 p. m.
President, A. R, Towler; recording secretary, 3. Brookes; flnanclal secretary. J. H,
MoVety.
MOVING PICTURE OPERATORS. Lo-
cal 238, I.A.T.S.E.—Meets every see*
nnd Sunday of eaeh month'. Labor Tern-
pie, 8 p. m. President, A. O. Hansen;
secretary-treasurer, G. R. Hamilton; business agent, H. I. Hugg. Offlce, Room 100,
Loo Bldg.   Tel. Sey. 8046.
COWAN & BROOKHOUSR
Printers of B.C. PederationiBt
Labor Temple, cor. Dunsmuir
and Homer.   Phone Sey. 4490
GIT   ACQUAINTED   WITH   HIM
THE WESTERN COMRADE
The Socialist Monthly Magaslne,
breathing the spirit of our Great
West. Emanuel Julius and Chester M. Wright, Editors. 91.00 a
Sear; single copies, 10 cents. SOS
Tew High St., Los Angeles, Cal.
E. BURNS & CO.
131 CORDOVA ST. E.
HARDWARE,   FURNITURE   AND
SECOND-HAND  DEALER
Gooda aold on Commiaalon. Stovoa
and Toola our Specialty
Phona Sty. 1171.
Berry Bros.
Agenli foi
CLEVELAND
CYCLES
Tb* Bicycle wltb ths Reputation
Full  11ns of acoeaiortes
Repair, promptly executed
635 HASTINGS ST. EAST
Phone Highland 895
Do You Have Your
PRINTING
Done in Vancouver?
If you have tha above label on
your printed matter It will be
an abaolute guarantee that It
wae made In the olty.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
Union, Local No. 141, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 848
Robson street President, J, Bowyar;
vice-president. F. English; secretary,
H. J. Brasfleld; treasurer, W. Fowler.
OPERATIVE! PLASTERERS' INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION, No. 19—
Meets flrst and third Wednesday, 0*Bri«a
Hall, 8 p.m. President, G. Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumpter; financial secretary, D. Scott; treasurer, I. Tyson; business agent, Jos Hampton. Phons
Sey, 1614.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
NORTH AMERICA,—Vancouver aad
vicinity. Branoh meets 1st and Srd Fridays at Labor Temple, Dunsmuir and
Homer St., room 205. Robert C, Sampson, Pres., 74? Dunlevy ave.; Joseph Oh
Lyon, Fin. Sec, 1721 Grant st; Tom
Smith, Rec. Sec, 941 Broadway west
STONECUTTERS', VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, t:0#
p.m. President J. Marshall; corresponding secretary, Wm.  Rowan, Box 1047;
financial secretary. K. MoKensle.	
PAINTERS', PAPERHANGERS' AND
Decorators'. Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7.80 p.m. . President Skene
Thomson; financial secretary, J, Freckelton, 811 Seymour street; recording see*
retary, George Powell, 1660 Fourth ave.
west.
STlOROTrPEnS' AND ELECTROTYP-
ers' Union, No. 88, of Vancouver
and Victoria—Meets seoond Wednesday
of each month, 4 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, Chas, Bayley; recording seoretary, Chris Homewood, 249 18th Ave.
East.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, sscond and
fourth Wednesdays at 2 p.m., and first
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President
Adam Taylor; recording secretary*
Albert V. Lofting. 2*8* Trinity Street,
phone Highland 1672; financial secretary,
Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive.
STEAM  ENGINEERS,  INTERNATION-
al Local 897—Meets every Wednesday, 8 p. m.; Room 204, Labor Temple.
Financial   secretary,    EI.    Prendergaat,
Room 218. 	
TAILORS'    INDUSTRIAL   UNION   (IN-
ternatlonal), Local No. 178—Meetinga
held flrst Tuesday In eaoh month, 8 p, m.
President, H. Nordlund; recording seoretary, C. McDonald, Box 603: flnanolal
secretary, K. Paterson, P. O. Box 508.
TYPOGRAPHICAL   UNION   NO.   221—
Meets last Sunday each month, I
p.m. President, R, P. Pettlplece; vice-
president, W, S. Metsger, secretary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P. O. Box 88.
THEA TRICAL    STAGE    EMPLOYEES;
Local No. 118—Meets second Sunday
of each month at Room 294, Labor Templo. Preaident, H. Spears: recording seoretary, Geo. W. Allln, P.O. Box 711, Vancouver.
I O.
NEW WESTMINSTER TRADES AND
Labor Council—Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., ln
Labor Hall. President D. S. Cameron;
flnanolal secretary, H. Glbb; general
secretary. B. D. Grant, P. O. Box 911.
The nubile l« invited to attend.
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CARPENTERS AND JOINERS meets every
second and fourth Thursday of eaeh
month In Labor Temple, corner of Royal
Ave, and Seventh St., at 8 p.m. President J. L, Hogg, Hankey Blk.. Banner-
ton: Secretary, A. McDonald, 111 Royal
Avb.. New Westminster.
PLUMBERS' and STBAMFITTERir. LO-
cal 498—Meeta every second and
fourth Friday of month tn Lsbor Halt
7:90 p.m. President D. Webster: secretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 918, New
Westminster. B. C.	
UNITED    BROTHERHOOD    OF   CAR.
penters. Local Union No. 1899—
Meets every Monday. 8 p.m., Labor Temple, comer Royal avenue and Seventh
street President, M, C. flchmendt: secretary, A. Walker. Labor Temple, New
Westmlnater. B. C.    	
BARTENDERS' LOCAL 784—MWTJTS IN
Lahor Temple, New Westminster, cor*
ner Seventh street snd Roval avenue,
everv second Sunday nt each month, at
t:30 p. m. President E. S. Hunt: secretary. F. W. Jameson. Visiting brothers
Invited.
VICTORIA "TRADES AND LAROR
Council—Meets flrst and third Wednesday, Labor Hsll, 731 .Tnbnsfnn street,
at 8 n. m. President, George Dvkeman;
secretary, T. F. Mathlson, box 770, Victoria. B. C.	
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners—Meets every Tuesday,
8 p.m., at Lahor hall, 731 Johnston St.
President, A. Watchman; recording secretary, Geo, L. Dykeman; business agent
and flnanclal secretary, W. A. Parkinson, Box 23*.
KIMBERLEY MINERS' UNION, No. 100,
Western Federation of Minera—Meeta
Sunday evenings ln Union Hall.    President,  w.   Fleming:   secretary-treasurer,
,M. P. yilleneuvc, Klmberley, B.C.	
LADYSMITH MINERS' UNION, LOCAL
No. 8388, U. M. W. of A.—Meets Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. President
Sam Guthrie: secretary, Duncan McKensle, Ladysmlth, B. C.	
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U. M, W. of
. A.—Meets every Monday at 7.30 p. m.
In the Athletic Club, Chapel street, Ar-
! thur Jordan. Box 410. Nanalmo, B. C.
CUMBERLAND LOCAL UNION, No.
2299, U. M. W. of A.—Meets every
Sunday 7 p.m. In U. M. W. of A. half.
President, Jos. Naylor; secretary, Jamea
Smith, Box 84. Cumberland. B. C.
1 TRAIL MILL AND SMELTBRMEN'fl
Union, No. 106, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7.30 p.m. President
F. W, Perrln: secretary, Frank Campbell. B«J8, Trail, 8. C.
SANDON    MINERS'    UNION,    No.    II,
Western Federation of Miners—Meets
(every Saturday   In   the  Miners'  Union
hall. Address all communications to the
I Secretary, Drawer "K„" Sandon, B.C.
, LOCAL VANCOUVER OF SOCIAL-
DEMOCRATIC PARTY-Publlc meetings In Dominion Theatre, Granville St.,
Sunday evenings.    Secretary, J, Adams,
I Room 304; Labor Temple,
SYNOP8I8 OF COAL MINING REGULATIONS
i Coal mining rights of the Dominion,
: In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
tho Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the Province
of British Columbia, may -be leased for
a term of twenty-one years at an annual
rental of fl an acre. Not more than
2,660 acres will be leased to one applicant.
Applications for lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or
Sub-Agent of the dlatrlct In which the
rights applied for aro situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and In unsurveyed territory the tract applied, for shall be
staked by the applicant himself,
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of 86, which wilt be refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of Ave cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
. accounting for the full quantity of mer-
< ohantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rlghta
are not being operated, such returns
should be furnished at least once a year.
The tease will Include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rlghta may be considered necea-
, sary for the working of the mine at the
rate of 810 an acre,
For full Information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. H. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
, N. B,—Unauthorised publication of this
I advertisement will not be paid for—30680. ,
AND.
Porter
___   u-etDB
_ . Of America *iQ>r
______ ___\ MMKIIMimiliD ua I
>l FRIDAY FEBRUARY 20, 1114.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST,
PAGE FIVE
There Is Unusual Value
In Corsets Here at $1.50
If you. are interested in corsets of
modest cost, you will find it advantageous to see these models. Better
style and quality than you usually find
in corsets at this price and a better
range of models than many stores
present. We feature these $1.50
corsets for reason that we recognize
their splendid worth and we want to
impress the fact upon those who seek
the utmost value for their money.
See these models before making a
selection. You will appreciate our
calling your attention to them through
this medium.
Low, Medium or Girdle Top Corsets, ln
fine Imported Coutil, ln styles that conform to the present modes and embracing models for every normal type of
form. All corsets are furlshed with substantial hose supporters, whloh ln most
cases are four ln number. All sizes, at
Per pair  $1.50
mm
LIMITED
575 Granville Street      Vancouver, B. C.
It will pay yoa to iee our showing for winter wear.  Prices that
cannot be beaten or repeated in the city.
Family Shoe
Store
823 GRANVILLE ST.
NEAR ROBSON
FRANK NEWTON
Store No. 2  • Cedar Cottage
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Florists and Nursery Men
THRKI STORM IN VANCOUVER
SO Hastings St.      Phona Say. ws 401 GiunllU Si.      Phona Sey. ITtr
784 Qranvllle St.    Phona Soy. ISIS
VICTORIA STORB, 111 VIEW ST.
GREENHOUSES
ItatAva. and Main St. Vlotoria, B. C.    '_      Hammond, J. C.
Phono Fairmont TII.
Lonf Dletane. Phone IT
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville St., Phone 3822
VANCOUVER, B. C.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
A BOOK TO MAIL ABROAD
The Legends of Vancouver
E. Pauline Johnton
This is a gift that will be appreciated in any part of the world.
Tastefully bound in three bindings.   Cloth, S1.B0; Ooie Calf, (9.10;
Burnt Leather, $9.71,
THE ONLY EPITION WITH EIGHT LOCAL ILLUSTRATIONS
Thomson Stationery Co*, Ltd.
325 HASTINGS STREET, WEST
SYSTEMS
We carry everything
for the offlce
The most successful business men are the
largest users of office equipment
LOOSE t-EAF SYSTEMS.        FILING SYSTEMS
PRINTING.   BINDING, ETC.
WESTERN SPECIALTY, LTD.
331 Dunamuir Street
Phone Exchange Sejr. 3526-3527
COLUMBIA THEATRE
The House with the 120,000 Ventilating System
UP-TODATE VAUDEVILLE AND MOTION PICTURES
Continuous Performance from 1 p.m. to 11 p.m.
Complete Change of Programme Mondays and Thursdays.
WEEK OF FEBRUARY 23rd
MON.,    TUES.,    WED.
THB WINDY CITY TRIO
Comedy, Singing and Danoing
LIN    STEVENSON    AND
MAE SEVERING
Tht Hesitation Waltz, Tango Argentine, Texas Tommy, eto.
CLARK AND LE VERE
Irian Comedy Singing and Danoing
THURS.,   FRI„   SAT.
THE    DAVIS    AND    QLEDHILL
TRIO
Cyole and Motor Racing Exhibition
...FORBES AND THELEN
..Military  Singing and  Talking..
Comedians
RUSSBLL BREEDING!
"The Boy Cornetlet"
MISS CALHOUN
Singing Comedienne
ED KEYER
Xylophonlate
t-REELS LATEST PICTURES—4
10 Cents—ANT SEAT—10 Cents
AMATEUR NIOHT-WEDNESDAY.
■WQrtATi SUFFB-AGfr
Edited by MISS H. R. OUTTBRIDOE, Room 219, Labor Temple.
SLUMS
Once again the medical health officer of Vancourer has warned ue
against overcrowding and had housing conditions which are just as
likely to develop here as at Montreal
Mrs. Hose Henderson, probation officer of the juvenile court of Montreal,
says: "Slums do not create themselves; they do not spring up in a
night. They are the social product
of selfishness and greed of gold—the
outcome of the get-rich-quick system." Many people think that it is
the' Improvident and Immoral who
congregate in the slums, hut at Montreal the slum-dwellers are the respectable workingmen, who have to
pay from |7 to (14 a month for two
or three filthy and dilapidated rooms
in a tenement. A detached home or
an individual floor is beyond the
dreams of the most avaricious. The
workers upon whom the city depends
are housed worse than cattle, and live
a life of revolting degradation, and
their ohlldren rot in a mire of filth.
"The shrinking, crawling, shambling
ocean of men, women and children,
misnamed human beings, strike terror
to the heart. The faces of the women
and children literally hurt tbe eyes
and sting the soul." From those
slums oome hundreds of insane, diseased and misshapen human .beings,
destined to fill our penitentiaries and
asylums. The landlords absolutely refuse to make any repairs, and those
on the ground floor have mud and
filth washed into them when lt rains.
In summer the pest from files and
other vermin Is unbearable and the
babies die in greater .numbers tn the
ground floor rooms. Floors are sagged
and rotting, ceilings and walls cracked and falling, doors won't close, broken windows are stuffed with rags
or paper, the whole place, is thick
with grease and dirt and emits a
stench calculated to kill the strongest.
As long as these death traps are not
condemned by the city the landlords
will continue to collect the rent and
evict all who are three days ln arrears, A woman who lived on Aqueduct street was turned out with her
four children when she was critically
HI and had been unable to earn 37 for
the rent. In the rear of Albert street,
a home not even fit to number was
found. To reach it even one had to go
through a lane strewn with garbage
and refuse. In this house were two
apartments, each of them with but
two rooms and all ln a disgustingly
squalid and ruinous state. For two
rooms with no bath a family of seven
paid 37 a month. In a single house
on Laura avenue twenty-four dwellings were found, each being divided
Into three rooms. The rental was J8
and 39 a month, that price securing a
"home" for a family of from eight to
ten members. In the rear of Versailles street homes were found little
If anything better than those on
Laura avenue, yet the rent was $14
a month for three rooms. Further
along the same alley apartments of
two rooms rented for 17 to families of
seven people. Some of the lanes have
no names, the tenements all swarm
with children, and the steps used to
enter some of the upper stories are
almost perpendicular. One old
woman said to a reporter: "Is lt a
room you be looking for; I have one
to rent, but I must tell you the truth
—It's overrun with bugs and mice.
The bugs are so big that we can hear
them crawling in our sleep, and the
landlord won't do a ha'porth." This
old woman had tn her hand a pall
almost as big as herself which she
had carried down three flights of stairs
to empty ln an outer privy some way
across a yard knee-deep ln mud.
Almost every house visited had one
or more members of the family sick,
which was to be expected, considering
the foul smells and bad air, the ragged
beds and dirty clothes, tbe overcrowding and the dark interiors.
There Is no opportunity or convenience for cleanliness or privacy. These
poor people buy their coal hy the
bag or pall, thus paying at the rate
of $10 or (12 a ton. They eat poisonous food and embalmed meat, for
which they are charged high prices.
They die young ot preventable diseases and slow starvation. "Every
dollar that is taken out of the slums
Is saturated with the tears and sweat
and blood of some human soul, and
often a dollar buys the soul Itself."
but for all this some day an awful
price will be exacted. It Is hard to
understand the patience of the poor
unless lt is just the apathy of utter
exhaustion and weakness and despair.
J. D. F.
Phone Sey. 318
►Granville Street
VAUDEVILLE
MATINEE DAILY 2,30
EVE. PERFORMANCE 8.15
SfifimtU
" Main Street
LLIVANanoCONSIDINE
rcessaRCUrr vaudeville
Matinee Dally, 2.4B—Prlees 10c and
16o. Twice Nightly, 7.30 and 9.liir-
Prlcea, 15c. and 26c,    Boxes, 60c,
Complete Change of Program
Weekly.      Three Shovvi Dally.
PANTAGES
Unequalled Vaudeville
Meana
PANTAGES VAUDEVILLE
THREE SHOWS DAILY
2.45, 7.20, 8.18
Season's Prices—
Matinee 16o, Evenings 15c, 26c.
MOTHERHOOD   A   DISQUALIFICATION
We are sometimes told that because
of the difference between the sexes,
women should not be admitted to the
rights and privileges of citizenship.
If we take the statement and analyse
tt It Is easily seen that the fact that
there are differences between the
sexes constitutes an argument for
suffrage and not against. If the sexes
were not different ln capacity, there
is no reason why either should be
disfranchised, but If there Is a difference of adaptability and of capacity,
then ln a country which professes to
be democratic and to be governed by
men of representative Institutions,
there is all the greater reason why
both sexes should be represented. The
argument of difference might be used
against woman's suffrage, If some
physical, mental or moral test were
applied to the male voters, that only
a male oould pass, or If only the male
saints on earth were allowed to vote,
but when a cripple, a degenerate or an
Imbecile who is not in the lunatic
asylum,, or any drunkard can vote because he Is a male, then the argument of difference at once breaks
down. Now, what Is the supposed un-
suitability of Women for the purpose
of voting? This argument Is usually
raised In a country where the people
have had no experience of women's
suffrage, but in those countries where
women have been granted a vote,
there is a general concensus of opinion among the men of all classes and
all parties, that women have not only
shown themselves suitable for the
franchise, but that their exercise of It
has resulted in benefit to their own
sex and also, to the community as a
whole. But let us come down to
facts. In what way are women unsuitable? It Is sometimes said that
woman is so beautiful, so wonderful,
so pure, and politics are so sordid,
that men do not wish her to he tainted ln the rough and tumble game. If
that Is true lt is high time she came
down off her pedestal and cleaned
things up. It is, however, sometimes
put this way: that she ought to he
minding the baby or doing the housework. In other words, lt is an argument that maternity or marriage are
disqualifications for the franchise.
How does this work out? Of the marriageable women between the ages of
fifteen and forty-nine, 46 per cent, are
married and 54 per cent, are unmarried. Before the age of twenty-
five and after the age of sixty the
great majority are unmarried or
widows; twenty per cent, never
marry at all and have no maternity
duties. Maternity duties take up only
a certain portion of women's lives
so that only half the time of the
women is spent in maternity duty,
and should not, therefore, be disqualified during the rest of their
lives, and if the duties of maternity
are so strenuous as to prevent a
mother thinking of the questions of
the day and the conditions that will
affect her children and home, then
must a man engaged In business all
day be disqualified, not having time
to give his attentions to the affairs of
the nation, or to waste some twenty
minutes or so casting his ballot occasionally, to express his wishes.
What about the housework? It has
been said that "man's work lasts
from sun to sun, but woman's work
Is never done." Well, surely If a
woman's work as exacting as this,
it Is no reason that she should also
be disqualified from citizenship.
Surely as unpaid housekeepers they
might at least be able to say how the
housekeeping of the nation shall be
carried on. But then again, how
many women are doing the housekeeping? In England under the insurance
tables that out ot fourteen millions of
people Insurable, four and a quarter
millions of women are engaged in
the industries of the country. One-
third of the women In every country
are not doing housework or minding
babies. They are working side by
Bide with men ln industry, often for
longer hours and less pay. There Is
no argument based on maternity or
housework or that woman's place Is
the home that can apply to them at
the present time. The statements,
therefore, of difference and unsult-
ablllty for the rights of citizenship
for women fall flat. H. H.
LUSTRE OF WOMANHOOD
Senator Tillman of South Carolina,
speaking recently In the senate against woman suffrage, said: "But the
vital and Important thing for us to
consider Is the effect on women
themselves. We had better endure
the evils of corruption in politics and
debauchery ln our government rather
than bring about a condition which
will mar the beauty and dim the lustre of the glorious womanhood with
which we have been familiar and to
which we have becomo accustomed all
our lives." One, therefore, learns
with Interest that the age of consent
ln South Carolina Is fourteen; that
there Ib no white slave law In the
state; and that the father during his
lifetime Is the sole guardian of Infant
ohlldren. According to the United
States census of 1910 only 51.6 per
cent, of South Carolina children between the ages of 6 and 20 years, attend school. Only twqriptates have a
lower percentage than that. The mint-
mum age limit for child labor ln factories, mines and textile establishments is 12 years. Children over 12
may work for 10 hours a day or 60
hours a week, with a maximum of 11
hours in any one day, except for making up lost time. According to a
report by A. J. MoKelway, southern
secretary of the national child labor
oommlttee, published ln 1913, the
wages paid to children ln a representative South Carolina cotton mill are
as follows: doffers of 12 years, 23.54
per week; 13 years, 23.92 per week;
14 years, (5.04; while doffers of 20
years and over were paid (2.52 per
wiek. Only 64 women out of 17,066
inv >8tlgated earned from (11.00 to
(12,05 per week. Fathers are allowed 'o draw the earnings of their
minor children; therefore every mill
communiiv has a number of white
loafers spending their days ln idleness, hunti.ig or fishing, and supported by the earnings of women and
children. It -vould be sad Indeed to
enfranchise wi'men and enable them
to secure legal protection for themselves and their ihlldren.
The sheet metal workers held a well
attended meeting Thursday night, In
fact the best attendance for some
time. Beyond one Initiation there
was little except ordinary and routine
business. State of trade was reported
dull.
FROM COLORADO
"Colorado has the sanest, the most
humane, the most progressive, most
scientific laws relating to the ohild to
be found on any statute book in the
world," said a member of the interparliamentary union, an international
body, of sociologists. The women of
Colorado have voted for twenty years,
and the result Is seen in the laws on
the statute books. Here are some of
them. Laws establishing a state
home for dependent children, three
of the five members of the board of
administrators to be women. Laws
making mothers joint guardians with
fathers, raising the age ot protection
for girls to eighteen, creating juvenile
courts; making education compulsory
for all children between the ages of
eight and sixteen, exoept the ailing,
those taught at home, those who support themselves, or whose parents
need their help and support; establishing truant or parental schools;
making lt a criminal offence for parents or other persons to contribute to
the delinquency of children. Laws
forbidding children of sixteen or under to work more than eight hours a
day In any mill, factory or store, or
ln any other occupation that may he
deemed unhealthful; requiring that at
least three of the six members of the
board of county visitors must he
women; establishing a state Industrial home for girls, three of the Ave
members of the board of control to
he women; providing that any per
son employing a child under fourteen
in any .mine, factory, smelter, mill or
underground works, shall be punished
by Imprisonment In addition to flne.
These laws directly concerned with
the welfare of the child are supplemented by the following safeguards
thrown about motherhood and the
home such as laws making fathers
and mothers joint heirs of deceased
children; requiring joint signature of
husband and wife to every chattel
mortagage, sale of household goods
used by the family, or conveyance or
mortgage of homestead; making lt a
misdemeanor to fall to support aged
or infirm parents; providing that no
woman shall work more than eight
hours a day, labor that requires her
to be on her feet; requiring one woman physician on the hoard of the Insane asylum; providing for the care
of the feeble-minded, for their free
maintenance, and the inspection of
private elementary Institutions, by
state board of charities; making the
Colorado humane society a state bureau of child and animal protection;
enforcing pure food Inspection ln
harmony with the national law and
making lt a criminal offence to fall,
refuse or neglect, to provide food,
clothing and shelter, and care In case
of sickness of wife or minor child.
Every one of the above laws has been
written on the statute br-oks of Colorado since women acquired the franchise and the proof that woman's Influence Is at the root of lt is that In
other states where women have not
the franchise there is a notable lack
of such legislation.
—COLORADO WOMAN.
MOTHERS' PEN8IONS.
The much discussed mother pension
law in California went Into operation
September 4, 1913. The Woman's
Bulletin says: "The law provides assistance for half orphans under 14
years of age residing with their
mothers; the mothers must be ln
need of this assistance, must be American citizens, residents of the
county one year and of the state three
years. The state appropriated a fund
of (860,000 to cover two years' expenditures. Last year over (340,000
was expended on the funds to parents' allotment, of which the mothers'
pension fund Is a modification, These
funds are given out under the direction of the county supervisors. The
allowance of money Is not apportioned
among the counties, as there are no
adequate statistics on the subject, but
is kept as one fund." Idaho, Oregon,
Utah and Washington are other equal
suffrage states where pensions are
granted to needy mothers.
The circulation of The Fed. Is Increasing with each week. A long pull
and a. strong pull should land a dally
paper for organized labor tn B. C. Inside of two years. Are VOU doing
your part?
ASK FOR MINARD'S AND TAKE
NO OTHER
Phon. Soymour 0SS
VENETIAN HAIR PARLOR
787 ORANVILLE STREET
Orphtum Theatre Building
Mra. Genevieve Contl
Mm. Frances Lohrman
IpeoUUlMi
Whole Wheat Bread
Choice Family Bread
Wedding and Birthday Calcei.
We Vm Union flour.
BELYEA'S BAKERY
ALL KINDS OF
CAKES. PASTRY AND
CONFECTIONERY
Hot Drink, and Lunchca
All Ooods Fraah Daily.
•u Mumxxa st.
*aL Say. 7104.
Ii Your Furniture Showing
Signs of Wear and Tear?
High time to look; winter evenings to come. A comfortable
rocker, an easy couch, a bookcase, or rug, can make a lot of
difference to one's comfort
Don't go on buying furniture
winter after winter—buy here
where furniture ts selected to
withstand the round of season
after season, and many of
them. Come In and see the
new arrivals—they will bring
many hours' comfort to some
lucky persons.
Haitingi Furniture Co.
Limited
41 HASTINGS STREET WEST
JAMES STARK _\9.
mwmb Assoc* abb «i»mst,Ti      atamty Mukiiiia
THU STORB THAT SBRTSS TOU WElaL
WINDOW SHADES MADE TO YOUR MEASUREMENTS AT 33$ OFF OUR REGULAR PRICES
FOR WE ARE CLOSING OUT THE WINDOW 8HADE
DEPARTMENT
We purpose making window shades to your own measurements,
and guarantee the work to be first-class In every particular.
OPAQUE SHADE CLOTH ON HARTSHORN'S SPRING ROLLERS
Patterns of materials displayed ln department, aecond floor. Tha whola
continent knows tho quality of HARTSHORN'S SPRING ROLLERS.
It's neoeaaary to bring your meaaurementa. We do no fitting. We only
guarantee correctness in executing your orders.
This Is'-an exceptional offer and will prove a aavlng to all householder,
with window ahades to buy—Dont lat thla opportunity paaa by any mean.;
m.aaure up th. window with th. broken .had. now.
CHOOSC YOUR MATERIALS FROM DEPARTMENT PATTERNS.-
Hollands, Imported Lancaster, Daly and Moron's Peerless Shade Cloth..
Opaque' Window Shades  h**—* »*>•for ♦»**.
on Hartshorn Spring     »J* ^:ztM
AOllerS Reg. |1.35 for... Wc.
Webster's Grocery List
COMPARE PRICES
Our Beit Flour, 49-lb.
sacb $1.45
Rolled Oati, fresh milled
81l».      .25
Butter, Finest Creamery.
3 lbs     1.00
Com Starch, Johnson's,
3 packets  .25
Lard,   Carnation,   3-lb.
pails, each 35
Hami, by Ihe whole him
perlb. 23
Bacon, machine sliced,
perlb,.,.. 25
Eggs,   absolutely   local
new laid, per doz...      .55-
Apples, Winesaps, 5 lbs.      .25
Castile Soap, 35c. bin.     .20
Ham-mo   Hind Cleanser, per tin .. 05
YOUR ORDER WILL BE APPRECIATED.
"' PROMPT DELIVERY.
The Webster Bros.
LIMITED
PHONES: SEY. 8301, 8302 1271 ORANVILLE STRUT
VANCOUVER COAL COMPANY
80 PENDER STREET, EAST
Aa GRADES COAL
AT REGULAR PRICES
I        AGENTS JINGLE POT MINE
5408 phones seymour 5409
J. A. FLETT, LIMITED
Tool Specialist
Hardware ud
Sportini Goods
101-4 BANK OF OTTAWA BUILDING
602 Hastings Street Wert
DR. BRETT ANDERSON, Dentist
Operates by the latest, most scientific ud painless methods
Specialist in Crown, Bridge, Plate ind Cold Inliy Work
HOURS 9 A.M. TO 6 P.M.
HOMEOPATHISTS
Ws carry i full stock of
Schussler's Tissue Remedies in Tablet and
Powder Form.
LET U8 SUPPLY YOU
MARETT & REID
137 HASTINGS ST. W.
LET IT RAIN!
LET IT HAIL!
Let it Snow if it will,
Boyal Crown is Supreme!
And is easily still
The best Soap in the West
for the Laundry, and
ROYAL CROWN
WASHING
POWDER
CLEANSES-PURIFIES-BEAUTIFIES
Save the Coupons for Presents PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY FEBRUARY It, Mi.
THE POPULAR PRICED, EUROPEAN PLAN
HOTEL RITZ
VICTORIA, B.C.
FORT ST., AT DOUGLAS.
RATES 75c, $1.00, $1.26, $1.50, $2.00
C. J. LOVEJOT, MGR. FREE AUTO BUS
Dominion Hotel
VICTORIA, B.C.
Knlarged  and   Remod.ll.d 100 ROOMS 100 BATHS
Comfort     without     Extravagance
Am.rlcan Plan   -   33.00 Up                  European Plan   •  31.00 Up
STIPHIN JONES, Proprietor. 	
DRUGS BY MAIL
If you will cut out this advertisement and
attach it to your order we -will prepay the
charges on anything you wish in the drug
line.
Send enough money to be sure and cover
your purchase, and any balance will be returned to you.
Terry's Mail Order Drug Store
VICTORIA B.C.
HOTEL   CANADA
C. G. MULLER, Prop.
Phone connection in every room. Hot and Cold
Water in every Room.      :•:      European Plan
Transient Rates, $1.00 per day up.    Special Weekly Rates
Merchant's Lunch, 11.30 to 2.30 p.m., 35c.
Dinner a la Carte, 6 to 8 p.m.
Free Bui
518 Richards St.
Exchange Phone Sey. 1571
Latest Addition to Vancouver's Up-to-Date Hotels
Hotel Regent
Absolutely Fireproof.   Local and Long- ■
Distance Phone in Every
Room.
Abundance of Light and Heat. Cafe in Connection
RATES $1.00 PER DAY UP
Attractive Rstes to Permanent
Guests
C0TT1NGHAM & BEATTY
Proprietors
Palace Hotel Bar and Cafe
Reeas U par mak
Up. Good Service Throughout      CeUWaur»....
i. F. Faaaeeira, ft.. > — I Raw.
Tahpk.se, Hat tat
ttat HASTINGS STREET WEST
VANCOUVER, B. C
PENDER HOTEL ■-"SSS55?1*-4
tsormmoMM
Rates 11.60 par Day and Up.
Q O WITH THE B U N CH T<> THE
BRUNSWICK POOL ROOMS
Rlohlr Furnletied Throughout Hot and Cold Water In Wtetr Boon
Maert Oaf. aad drill Boom ea tha Matte Ooaat ta OoiawMon
HOTEL ASTOR
C. J. HARSH, Proprietor W. D. HARSH, Hanatar.
Batwi SIM aad n>   Spietal WHtlr Bate.,
nionu nam mt-m* i
THE NEW ENGLAND HOTEL J£_ MN0STuSSu
686 Seymour St. OmMllr Moated
CLARENCE HOTEL
r rENDER aad SEYMOUR STREETS
SRABOIaD ft McMaOROY
Proprietors
VANCOUVER, B.C.
V.
Be C. Electric Irons
The Cheapest
High Standard
Electric Iron
On the Market
PRICE (to parties using B. C. Electric current)
$3.00
Every Iron Is Guaranteed by the Company for TEN YEARS.
Carrall and
Hailiap Street
B.C. ELECTRIC
PHONE, SEYMOUR 5000
CLIFTON ROOMS    __**j&*_?#T*-J—
1128 Cmnill. Str..t      Hn, Senear 40SM fm*'i !*?."X1 ** *"'   "•*■
Th. Hem. of Comfort sealed, belt cold mhrieanryroea
D A IMICD     U/YTC1      Kuropcan—RateB $1 per day.
KAimLK  HU1LL Utota„ Cafe „ conneotlon
Rooms rented by Day or Week.   Special rates to permanent guests.
First-class Liquors and  Cigars.    Every  comfort and  convenience.
JOHN 8INDAR, Prop. Corner Cordova ind Carrall Streets.
By Far the Best
Electric Iron
On the Market
At Any Price
1138 Gran* St.
Near Devi.
Official Proceedings 4th Annual Convention
of the B.C. Federation of Labor
New Westminster, January 26-30,1914
Continued trom Page 8,
Feb. 13th Issue)
Resolution No. 64—Proposed letter
of appreciation to Henry Ford:
Moved by H. W. Swann, A. A. of S.
and E. Ry., E. of A„ No. 134, New
Westminster:
Resolved—That this body send a
letter ot appreciation to Henry Ford
and, his associates ln business ln the
Ford Motor Company, ot Detroit,
Mich., for the very liberal precedent
they have established amongst employers on this continent-by establishing a minimum dally wage of five
dollars ((15) for eight hours to unskilled labor, an Increase from $2.35
for nine hours for the same class of
labor; mechanics correspondingly Increased, entailing an annual payroll
Increase of 310,000,000 and necessitating the employment of 4,000 more
men.
Del. KAVANAOH—Your committee
reports unfavorably on the resolution.
I move the adoption ot the committee's report,
Del. TROTTER—Mr. Ford has expressed himself ln this way, saying
the unions have been unable to, organize his people; that ought to' be
sufficient tor this convention not to
ssk why.
Del. SWANN—Mr. Ford has been
asked if there had ever heen an attempt made to organize his employees, and he said, "There may
have been, but not to my knowledge." I know that statement to be a
fact, for I worked there myself before
coming to the coast, and I have relatives still working there that tell me
the Ford company has always paid
higher wages than any other company within the state of Michigan.
Mr. Ford thought that Inasmuch as he
had an income greater than any other
income which any private individual
had, with the exception of John D.
Rockefeller, that he considered that it
was nothing but right he should give
his employees the benefit of the profits. He was paying unskilled labor
32.35 for nine hours. Any other shop
ln the same class of work was paying
the same class of labor 31.75 and 32 a
day for 10 hours ln the city of Detroit, which Is the average wage ln
that city for that class of work The 35
Is for eight hours, and mechanics are
raised correspondingly. I have read
articles ln several eastern papers, and
some of the labor papers on the question, and the only paper that decries Mr, Ford's plan is the Wall
Street Journal, If an organisation or
a firm Is willing to come through and
give a man an advance ln wages, I
don't believe we should decry lt at all.
It looks too much like a selfish act on
our part.
Del. McIVOR—It seems to me a
most Inconsistent thing for a convention ot this kind making resolutions
for a minimum wage of )4 to Chinese,
brown, white and every color, and
here we have a man who has come
more than ln line and gives 35 as
a minimum wage, and because he is a
capitalist we are like a lot of ^spoiled
children. It Is a most Inconsistent attitude.
Del. WILKINSON—I feel convinced
that the majority of the delegates
have heard enough of this debate, so
I move that this be laid on the
table; tn doing so there Is no debate
on a motion to table.   Carried.
Resolution No. 65—Opposed to Increase of Armaments: Moved by
Delegate D. Mclvor, of Street Railway Employees union, No. 134, New
Westminster:
Whereas—The governments of the
older civilized nations ot the world
are engaged ln an increasingly Intense
competition in the matter of armaments, and
Whereas—Such competition is aided and abetted by capitalistic concerns, making increased profits out
of International Jealousy, "and
Whereas—The burden of armaments Is one of the main causes of
unemployment, under the present
commercial system, and
Whereas—The labor absorbed ln
the construction of said armaments is
unproductive of any good results to
the mass of the people.
Resolved—That this convention go
on record as being opposed to all Increase of armaments, or any assistance to such object, on the part of
the government of British Columbia.
Del. KAVANAGH—The committee
reports favorably; I move the adop-
adoptlon of its report.   Carried.
Resolution No. 67—Qualifications of
Diseases of Men
We issue 1 written guarantee
thit ZIT will cure or your money
hick.
Differs from ill other remedies.
Price 33.00, Post Paid.
McDUFFEE BROS.
THE   OBLIGING   DRUGGISTS
132 Cordova St. W.
Vincouver, B. C.
Fkeae Say. 7653 Day er Nlftl
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
and EMBALMERS
520 Richard. St.       Vaacenar, B. C.
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS AND
■MBALMERS
Vancouver—Offlce and Chapel.
10S4 Oranvlll. St., Phon. Sey. MS.
North Vancouver —Ofllce and
chapel, lit Second St. B. Phone
134.	
Pit Bosses, etc.: Moved oy Delegate
J. L. Brown, U. M. W. of A., local No.
2299, Cumberland:
Resolved—That the minister of
mines be requested to insert a clause
in the Coal Mines Regulation act:
That a candidate making application
to the secretary of the board of examiners to sit^or certificates of competency as a flreboss or shotllghter,
or shift boss, shall produce a certificate from a pit boss, manager or superintendent, that he has had at least
two years' practical experience, working at the face as a coal miner.
Del. KAVANAGH—The committee
reports favorable; I move the adoption of the report. ,
Del. DOHERTY—If I understand lt,
the Miners' act requires three; that
is only two. I think we should have
all tbat we can get, not give away
what we have got.
Del. GRIEVBS-Just after the
strike there was a special sitting for
fire bosses, and I knew three men sat
for that examination that had their
certificate practically handed to them,
and I know they had never worked
down a mine or on the face twelve
montbs before.
Motion carried.
Resolution No. 70 — Government
Contracts Enforced: Moved by Dele>
gate C. Copley,' Iron Moulder union,
No. 281, Vancouver:
Whereas—The act governing all
contracts for public works calls for
all the material and construction and
manufacturing to be made and purchased, if possible within the province.
Resolved—That both provincial and
dominion authorities Insist that the
provisions of the act governing all
contracts for public works be strictly enforced.
Del. KAVANAGH—Your committee
reports unfavorably upon the resolution. I move the adoption of the committee's report.   Carried.
Delegate Cropley wished to state
that'he had not had the opportunity to
speak to his resolution, owing to his
absence.
Resolution No. 73—Re Death ot
Joseph Mairs: Moved by H. Paper,
International Longshoremen's union,
Nos. 38 and 62:
Whereas—On January 20, 1914, .one
of the imprisoned miners, named Jo-
h Mairs, Jr.,' aged 21 years, was
called to the great beyond through
the lack of proper medical assistance;
therefore be lt . „
Resolved—That this convention do
everything in its power to investigate
this case, and be It further
Resolved—That this convention extend a vote of empathy to the parents
and, relatives of the deceased miner,
Joseph Mairs, Jr.
Del. KAVANAGH-This resolution
has been covered before, but the latter clause relating to the .vote of
sympathy has not been put. The committee considered that and reports
favorably, and I move its adoption.
Del. SCHOFIELD—I move that we
make the vote a standing one.   Seconded and carried.
Presentation   to   Retiring   President,
Del. MIDGLEY—A question of privilege, If you will allow me. Our convention this evening should not close
without a few words of esteem ten-
tered to our retiring president, and
some of the delegates have been kind
enough to do me the honor of allowing me to make an expression of the
whole of the convention of the esteem in which we hold ex-President
Slvertz. He bas stated this will probably be his last appearanoe, and ln
making the little presentation that we
are about to make him, I think that it
can also be construed into an answer
to the dlspicable action of the members ln Victoria ln withdrawing him
from the ranks. Brother Slvertz, I
have much pleasure ln presenting to
you, on behalf of the convention, this
little token of our regard, (Ap
plause).
The presentation took the form of a
gold watch, suitably engraved, with
gold-mounted fob attached.
Ex-President SIVBRTZ—Mr. President, men and fellow-workers: You
surprise me. I mid no Idea nor surmise, although I am subject to intuitions and premonitions on some occasions, but I am absolutely unprepared for this act on your part, and I
also regard myself as undeserving of
this in bo far as lt expresses a de
gree of your esteem for my humble
efforts in my own behalf along with
you. Still, I don t intend to reject the
present, or to ask my brother Midgley
to withdraw any of the kind words he
uttered just now. I would I deserved
them, but seeing that I am retiring
into a possible oblivion as far as the
activities ot the labor movement of
our province are concerned, lt will assist me in recalling to mind ln the
future lt time Is allowed me, some of
the most pleasant experiences of my
life and a few of the disappointments
that Ib due to every man that does his
best according to his beBt Judgment
ln all circumstances. It is probably
not proper that I should make promises, because I might not be able to
keep them or carry them out, hut I
feel, however, compelled to. say this
that even If I find the Immediate atmosphere surrounding me adverse to
the sympathy I owe to my fellowmen,
my sympathy and endeavors shall be
In the direction of creating a proper
understanding among my fellowmen
ot the position they occupy ln society. It was my privilege to move
at our convention several years ago a
resolution which bound the lettercar-
rlers ln a body to the Trades and
Labor congress of Canada. That resolution took two years to carry through.
Finally we secured the requisite vote
on it, and we now stand part of the'
Trades and Labor congress of Canada,
whether they Uke lt or not, and tny
friends In Victoria Included. We' pay
a per capita tax to the Trades and
Labor congress and I believe-the majority of my colleagues anu fellow-
workers in Victoria do not know lt,
When we organized ln Victoria and
the Trades and Labor council asked
us to join them, there were a few
of us argued this wav, We are ln
the federal department, and- a local
trades council cannjt have any direct benefit for us but inasmuch as
the government Is only an employer
of labor and needs us as other employers do tbelr employees, we can
never ask or expetit from our department better conditions than that
which pervade.ln the labor market nf
the commercial world. But If they
can force matters in the commercial
world better, than ourselves, then we
can point to that condition existing
and ask for lt If we ever ask or attempt to ask for anything better than
exists under private employment, we
cannot expect to get such easy conditions. Tnerefore, it will be to our interest to strengthen organized labor
ln securing improved conditions in
private employment, and we will have
a better show of following them up.
This has been our experience, and we
have acted on that consistently. An
Invitation was extended to ua to join
this body, and I supported it on the
same theory. Inasmuch as it was a
necessary part, lt was our plain duty
from a selfish standpoint of view to
support it, and we stopped with lt till
this hour. You have In your present
and presentation of the kind words
you have extended to me this evening, far exceeded anything I desired
In the matter, but I shall nevertheless
cherish the memory of this gathering
and my experience in lt as long as
time is given me, probably beyond
that, because I don't propose to quit
just because I happen to lay down. It
will in the coming years be a consolation and comfort and satisfaction to
me to think of the many friends who
have worked in harmony with me, and
that I have had the privilege of working ln harmony with, and this present
will be a constant reminder. It will
also be, and possibly It will not appeal to you or only a few of you, but lt
will be a great satisfaction to my wife
and children for me to bring home
such a magnificent present and testimony from my fellowmen and from
this gathering. When they look at lt
and they consider the motive for the
act, lt will assist them ln their conclusions as to the questions that bind
us together. I hope to see the day
when the six white-haired boys that
stop at home now, whatever their position ln life may be, whether professionally or commercially, will grow up
radical and revolutionary trades
unionists and working class members.
Those of them that are approaching
manhood have given me satisfactory
evidence of that, and I hope that their
younger brothers will In that respect
catch up, if not exceed them ln an understanding of the class struggle.
Should lt be my lot to see advanced
years and gray hairs, It will be the
crowning success of my life lt I see
my children march out on the industrial field and take their position in
the lines ot the workers and stand
there ready to take their place on the
firing line. I thank you. I am not
going to give vent to my emotions.
You have made me proud, but I realize my condition of equality with
every one and that keeps me down
and amongst you, and that Is where I
want to be. (Loud and continued applause.)
Del. KELLY—I am sure, Mr. Chairman, If I went home without contributing a few words of appreciation of
retiring President Slvertz that my organization would have nothing but reproach for me. I feel sure at this
time you will all heartily accord with
what I am going to say. By virtue of
retiring President Slvertz's Justness
in the struggle he stands pre-eminently the one man who has emerged unsullied from the fight waged on this
floor. He Is the one man who has
gone through the labor struggle, and
who stands before ub white and as untrammelled as freshly fallen snow.
That Is no exaggeration, and I wish
to Inform him of an action I am going
to take, that will have some significance to past President Slvertz, Mr.
Chairman, I am going to vote to have
him become an honorary member ot
the Longshoremen, so that we can
keep him with us In the labor movement.   (Applause.)
Ex-President SIVERTZ—I have
done longshore work, too.
Del. GRAY—At one of the executive
of this federation, I feel ln duty bound
Just to pay my tribute* of respect to
Marlon Bridge, C.B., May 30, '02.
I have handled MINARD'S LINIMENT during the past year. It is
always the first Liniment asked for
here, and unquestionably the best
seller of all the different kinds of Liniment I handle.
NEIL FERGUSON.
GRAND CENTRAL HOTEL
CAUU a DUHARESQ, Freerieten     '
FULLY MODERN AND UP-TO-DATE
The Leading Hotel.":: Auto Parties catered to.
European and and American Plan.
PHONE EBURNE 135
Corner Fourth Street and River Road       Eburne Station, B. C.
I
FIREPROOF
EUROPEAN
ABBOTSFORD HOTEL
Vancouver, B. C.
921 Pender St., West Phone Seymour 5860
RATES $1.00 A DAY UP
First-class Grill in' Connection
P.  L.   WALL I NOP OR D,  Manager
SMOKE THE OLD RELIABLE
Kurtz's "Pioneer" Cigars
ASK FOR THEM, SEE THAT YOU GET THEM, AND DON'T LET
DEALERS FLIM-FLAM YOU WITH CHEAP TRASHY SUBSTITUTES
HOTEL
C0NNAUGHT
mntuimni vnps.
'   PHONB SEYMOUR 7017-7011.
anropeaa Has, fl.00 Ml Bay «t-
Up-to-Date    Flrat-Clasa    Dining
Room and Cute In Conneotlon
120   ROOMS:   SO   ROOMS   WITH
PRIVATE) BATHS
Steam Heated—Phone In
auawi    aaaa    aaw.
PRIVATE BATH,
n Heated—Phone In Every
Room—Elevator. Sarvleea;     Bath
and Shower Baths on all floon.
«•* rmmssmm wtammt was*.
BRITISH COLUMBIA LAND
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying,
Stock and Poultry.   British Columbia Grants Preemptions of 160 acres to Actual Settlers
, FREE
TERMS—Residence on the
land for at least three years;
improvements to the extent
of $5 per acre; bringing un^
der cultivation at least five
acres.	
For further information apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
Union Men of
Vancouver-i
WHICH SHALL IT BE?
$1 spent at home for a dozen
Bottles of
/ Or $2 spent for a dozen bottles
of imported beer, where 62
cents of the extra $ goes to
pay duty and freight?
Why not save this extra $
and keep your money circulating in the city where you earn
your living?
Let your orders be for
BREWED AND BOTTLED IN VANCOUVER BY
VANCOUVER BREWERIES limited FRIDAY........FEBRUARY 20, 1014.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
PAGE SEVEN
FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION B.C. FEDERATION OF LABOR
(Continued from page 8)
our late president. .1 have been on
many boards, on many committees ln
my thirty-seven years of workman's
life, but I say this, I never worked
with more harmony or pleasure with
any man on any board on any committee than I have with our late
president, and I believe I am uttering
the sentiments of, not only the mon
on that board, but of every man who
has ever had the pleasure ot working
with our late president. Not to my
knowledge nave I known ln the last
twelve months one cross word to pass
between any of the officials and our
president, and, therefore, I think that
the little token of respect that has
been shown to him he has honestly
deserved and earned, and I think none
bf us will ever regret that such a tribute has been paid to him, who stands
and holds the respect of a gathering
like this tonight.   (Applause.)
Del. J. Ia. MARTIN—As one of thoBe
delegates who have come from the
home city of the ex-presldent, I feel I
would like to avail myself of saying a
few words. In so far aB his work ln
Victoria In the Trades and Labor
council, he has worked there for several years, and it has been my pleasure to work with him there. I think it
Is a splendid token of esteem that this
body should show their appreciation
of the work he has done. At this
time 1 don't want to say any more, but
just to point out that lt Is a pleasure
to me to know that he Is esteemed In
Vlotoria and that esteem extends to
the limits of British Columbia.
Del. WILKINSON—As one delegate in the whole of this convention
who has had the privilege of receiving from past President Siverts a well-
merited personal rebuke, I found considerable pleasure In company with
my colleagues ln contributing to this
little presentation, and In doing so I
can conscientiously say that our contributions to this little token were
given purely and simply out of a
wholehearted regard for past President Sivertz's personal qualities. We
have known him for a long time, and
I believe that not only should he receive this gift with some Intrinsic and
material worth attached to It, but also
he should receive the congratulations
of this convention for being the most
unfortunate man In the labor movement In this province. I don't believe
he has ever grown up; to my mind he
Is as fresh In his enthusiasm, if you
will so call It, and as absolutely unsophisticated as he was when he was
ten years of age. When we think of
some of the side tracks of this world,
lt Is somewhat of a marvel to find a
man who has emerged from the fight
as enthusiastic as past President Siverts has done. Insofar ns rebukes I and
my colleagues have received from him
In his official poBltion, we have taken
them as they were administered, and
I can say tbls truly that In seeing htm
leave this association we just as fully
appreciate his personal qualtles as the
first day we ever knew him. (Applause).
Del. KAVANAGH—As one of the
members of the late executive from
the city of Vancouver, and somewhat
Intimately connected with President
Slvertz, I desire to express my little
token ot appreciation to what he has
received.     You all know my make
up, those who nave seen me at this
convention. You would also judge
from past President Siverts that he
was a singularly meek and mild Individual. Under all this meekness
and quietness which is so apparent to
this convention, I have come tn contact with one of the strongest natures
I have met ln the labor movement I
have never met a more conscientious
or hard-working member of the working class than I have In the person of
Delegate Siverts.
Del NORRIS—You have had several speeches from the "reds," the
near-reds'- and the "further-away"
reds." all eulogizing the qualities ln
the person of past President Slvertz.
I am willing to take lt all for granted,
and I woulo add to it, but I am going
to suggest that we proceed with the
regular order ot business.
Resolution No. 74—Persons Handling Food Products To Be Inspected:
Moved by Delegate C. E. Moodle,'
Cooks, Walters and Waitresses', union,
No. 469, Victoria:
Resolved—That the B. C. Federation of Labor go oh record as making
demands on the British Columbia
government making tt mandatory
upon civic officials to appoint a'
health Inspector who will once each
month examine all persons handling
food products to see that they have
no contagious disease. Examination
to be tree to person so examined.
Del. KAVANAGH—Committee reports favorably; I move adoption of
report, which was carried. |
Resolution No. 75^To Appoint Sanitary Inspectors: Moved by Delegate
C. E. Moodle, Cooks, Walters and
Waitresses' union, No. 459, Victoria:
Resolved—That the B. C. FederOi-
tlon of Labor bring before the provincial parliament the matter of making tt mandatory upon civic officials
to appoint sanitary Inspectors for all
places where food products are manufactured or produced for sale.
Del. KAVANAGH-r-Oommittee reports favorably, and I move adoption
of report.   Carried.
Resolution No. 77—Re Invitations
to Speakers: Moved by the delegation of International Longshoremen's
unions, Nos. 38 and 52, Vancouver: -
Whereas—In past conventions of
this body it bas been the practice to
Invite provlnolal anu municipal politicians to address us; Irrespective of
their attitude towards labor; therefore be lt
Resolved—That in future we only
extend invitations to those who are
generally recognized as being members of, or having something ln common wltb the working class.,
Del. KAVANAGH—Your committee
reports favorably. I move the adoption of the committee's report.
Del.' KDLLY—I think as self-respecting people of the labor movement, we should never allow people
like MoBrlde to address us. I wish to
point out that seeing we have Delegate Doud with us, I hope he will not
take offence, and think I refer to people like him. I only refer to people
who come here trying to Impress us
with their capitalistic ideas.
The motion was carried.
Resolution No. 80—Against State-
aided Emigration: Moved by Delegate W. R. Trotter, Vancouver Typographical union, No. 220:
Resolved—That the convention condemn the system of the bonustng of
emigration agencies now In vogue in
the provinces and the dominion of
Canada, and protests against the
grants ln aid of emigration societies
from Mine to time made by such authorities.
DeL KAVANAOH—The committee
reports favorably on the same, and
I move Its adoption.
Del. TROTTER—There are Just one
or two things that should be known.
The government Issued last year certain statistics in regard to immigration, and organized workers should
have copies; they can be had by application to the Immigration offices of
the dominion. It would seem for the
fiscal year 1913 the number that came
ln by ocean ports was 263,423, but lt Is
the composition of those people and
the callings, that are of some importance to us. They are divided up: 69,-
462 farmers and farm laborers, general laborers .80,089, mechanics 48,-
470, clerks 13,000, domestic servants
20,010. If you take the skilled workers who came in 1013 and add that
proportion of general laborers who
might be expected to seek employment ln the building trades which are
organized In this country, you would
find that every member of the organized labor movement, numbering 100,-
000, would be face to face with another member of organized labor In
this country, seeking for a job, wblch
simply means that the number of
people were duplicated, while we
know exactly by the conditions, that
the jobs were not. duplicated, but
rather less than previously. That is
one of the reasons for the conditions
we are confronted with. If possible,
carry back this proposition to your
local unions; possess yourselves of
some of this Information that Is valuable, and direct your energies against
the importation of mechanics. We
have been able through the efforts of
certain people to restrict Immigration
up to March 31st, and you have passed a resolution to extend that for an
other six months. That will'do something, but not everything; lt only applies to B. C. The workers should go
Into the. thing intelligently by possessing themselvesof the Information and
finding out just exa tly what the position Is.
Committee's report adopted.
Resolution No. 81—Doukhobors:
Moved by J. W, Gray, U. M. W. of
A., District No. 18, Fernie, B. C:
Whereas—It has come to our notice that there Is a colony of Doukhobors at Brilliant, about twenty miles
from Nelson, who are living under the
rule of one man, Peter Veregin, In a
condition which Is a disgrace to our
oountry, and that they refuse to comply with the laws of our province; and
Whereas—The government Ib making no effort to enforce the law upon
these people, and allow them to live
ln a condition which Is a danger to
themselves and others; and
WhereaB—There are no schools for
their children and no registers of
birth, deaths and marriage's are kept:
therefore be lt
Resolved—That this convention protests against the government allowing these conditions to remain while
at the same time they overstep all
bounds of justice ln enforcing the
law on others resident In this province; and be It further
Resolved—That this convention do
all in lta power to unseat a government which, on one hand refuses to
enforce the law on the owning class,
while on thl other hand, lt so brutally and unjustly enforces lt on the
worktn k clftss
Del. KAVANAGH—The committee
deliberated on this resolution, and
considered that It was not our busi
ness. There are so many different
opinions ln this convention with regard to governments that we considered for this convention to report favorably on such a resolution would be
a waste of time. They, therefore, report unfavorably. I move the adoption of the report.
Del. GRIEVES—In speaking to this
resolution. I happened to be ln Vancouver about three weeks ago, and I
dropped into the Oddfellows' Hall ln
Mount Pleasant,' where there was a
conservative meeting addressed by
Mr. Bowser, and two of the "Solid
Five" of Vancouver, and one of the
questions brought up was tbls Doukhobor question. Mr, Bowser says he Is
going to bring a law Into force that
where they are not paying- taxes and
sending their children to school he Is
going to seize their property. It will
come.on to .us just the same as the
Doukhobors. He never does on one
class unless be does on the other. We
will get It In the neck just the same
as the Doukhobors, and I am opposed
to the resolution.
Del. GRAY—As the one who has put
that resolution there, I will detain you
as short a time as I possibly can. On
my way here to this convention, these
things were put up to my mind by
three Independent Doukhobors. I
made a visit to Brilliant at their request, and I got Into the community;
they took me to be a government official. I just represented myself to be
who I was, but Somehow or other they
mistook me. By that means I got access to the commune and all round
it. This resolution was just to bring
it before your minds, so that you
could understand what Is going on
there. There are about 5,000 people
there; their children who are not able
to work are allowed to roam at large,
but those who are able to work are
used, and they are all working. There
are no schools there, no medical attendance, and the children are simply
running wild. Veregin has a reserve
force of about 75,000 which he can Call
upon at any time and bring them Into
this country to compete against us,
and It this matter goes unheeded and
no notice taken of It, we are, going to
have a bigger problem confronting us
than even the Chinese. These men
are there under the jurisdiction of
Peter Veregin, who ordered the women Borne time ago to cut their hair
off. Although you may not want to
pass the resolution, I think It Is a
business we should attend to to force
the law upon them whereby they will
be compelled to have a medical attendant. I never saw any but what
they were In a healthy condition, but
they are in such a position that anyone who was unhealthy and undesirable could be laid aside, and there
are no registers kept of births, deaths
or marriages. If a contagious disease
were to take place there, lt could
spread all through British Columbia.
This man Is getting every privilege to
compete against you with a force he
is not paying any wages to, and making contracts to men to whom he
pays no wages. The point I was trying to get at was this man, Peter
Veregin, goes to tbe railway contractor and says, "You want so many
men, don't you?" "Yes," he ts told.
"Well," he says, "If you can get them
at 12.60 I will supply them at $2.26,
and If you can get them at $2.25 I will
supply them at $2, and If you can get
them at $2 I will supply them at
$1.76." Now, I just want you to take
that point. He draws all the money,
but the men never see lt I saw over
200   slips  signed  by Peter  Veregin
drawing the wages for the men he
had hired out They oome back to
the commune and he supplies the food
and shelter. If you are willing to let
that sort of thing go along and allow
him to use their labor against your,
labor, I say go ahead and let hint'40
lt. Some of these men wish to form
a union amongst themselves to help
the brothers out They are so hemmed ln that they have a postmaster
there who Is also a Doukhobor, and he
has control of all the communications that come in and go out. He
knows exactly what each one Is doing,
and has them right under his control.
Del. KAVANAGH—We are taking
up this question and objecting beoause Peter Veregin .can. exploit'
Doukhobors, then why don't we get up
against those who are exploiting us?
lt Is all very well.to say they only
get their food; clothing and shelter;
and wbat more does any one of you
get, and what more does any slave get
but his food, olothing and shelter? All
this junk about the Doukhobors gives
me a bain. The cry against them Is
coming from the people around, not
from the workers. It is these particular people who are competing
with the -Doukhobors that Is getting
up this cry. I am surprised that Delegate Gray has allowed himself to be
bamboosled by stories told him. I
wish you people would only get together sufficiently to unseat the government, because you yourselves are
being ruled, and don't bother about
the - Doukhobors. The Idea about a
convention bothering Its head about
the people.who run about with their
hair chopped off! Whatever conditions they live under, lt Is the conditions under which they are accustomed to live, and if they are clothed,
fed and sheltered all the year round
is it not as good as you do—members
of an Intelligent, aggressive working
class, not clothed, fed and sheltered
all the year round, the same as tbe
community under discussion is?
Del. WILKINSON—Delegate Gray
seems to me to be very earnest at any
rate in his presentation of the matters that have come before his notice.
I almost suspect that the resolution
would have been more ln place tn his
report as an organizer. I would suggest that this be referred to the executive.
The motion to adopt committee's report was carried.
Resolution No. 70—Moved by the
delegation of International Longshoremen's unions, No. 38 and 52, Vancouver, B. C:
Whereas—The sole purpose of the
existence of the mllltla ln this province has been to brutally coerce the
miners in particular, and labor ltt general, Into submitting to the employing
class; therefore be lt
Resolved—That we submit to a referendum vote the following proposed
addition to article II. of the constitution: No member of a mllltla
corps Bhall be eligible for membership In any local affiliated with the
B  C F of L
' Del KAVANAGH—The committee
reports favorably. I move the adoption of the committee's report. Carried.
Report of Committee  on Ways  anil
Means.
To the officers and delegates of the
B. C. Federation of Labor:
Your committee on ways and means
beg leave to report and recommend as
follows:—
First—That   owing   to   increased
work consequent upon the Increased
membership the secretary-trtisurer
be paid $30 per month.
Second—That the caretaker 0." the
hall be paid $18 for his services during the convention.
Third—That the seoretary be Instructed to write Messrs. Sloan and
Harrison thanking them for placing
their offices at the disposal of the
convention for committee work.
Fourth—That the secretary be Instructed to convey the thank* of this
convention to the mayor and councU
of New Westminster for the courtesy
and hospitality shown by them.
Fifth—That the convention tender
a vote of thanks to the New Westminster Trades and Labor.councll and
to the local reception aid entertainment committee for their unsparing
efforts to make the visit of the delegates a pleasant one.
W. DODD, chairman.
H. GRAND,
W. L. PHILIPS,
W. M. ADAMS,
R. MORGAN,
H.A.JONES.
JAMES L. BROWN.
Del. DODD—I move tbe adoption of
the committee's report.  Carried.
Moved that the' convention be adjourned till 0 a. m. Saturday, to consider the question of the miners'
strike.
Del. FOSTER—I am opposed to tbe
motion, for the reason that the policy
adopted by the miners is all right and
I cannot see how this convention
could help ub by doing as the proposer
ot the motion desires. We know that
the Federation of Labor Ib behind us,
and we are satisfied and appreciate
that' fact .
The motion was defeated.
Resolution re counsel for the
miners, and Mr. Justice Morrison.
Moved by Delegate J. H. McVety,
Machinists' union, Vancouver, B. C.
Whereas—It Is alleged that Mr.
Justice Morrison has charged Mr. J.
E, Bird with appearing before this
convention and speaking on a resolution looking to bis Impeachment;
be lt
Resolved—That the statement credited to Mr. Justice Morrison Is untrue
In substance and fact, as the resolution referring to the Impeachment
proceedings had been adopted by the
convention six hours before the appearance of Mr. Bird; and be it further
Resolved—That Mr. Bird was not
consulted ln connection with the resolution and did not refer to It in any/
manner during his visit to the convention.
Resolution adopted.
Del. McVETY—Do I understand
that the special committee Which was
appointed on tbe miners' cases are
to continue their, efforts after this
convention adjourns?
After discussion It was moved tbat
the committee continue their efforts
to the best of tbelr ability In the interests 1 f tbe miners.  Carried.
Del. DODD—I move we adjourn
sine die.   Carried.      '
The fourth convention of the British Columbia Federation of Labor
then adjourned, to meet ln Nanalmo,
B. C, at the call of tbe executive committee of the federation.
Fr-Pam't
Potato fetch
The Social Register
"Charley" Will be at home to tke
A. E. I.' 6. V. club each week until
further notice.
The Vsncouver Freedom elub holds
Its weekly "eats" on Saturday. Soma
of the members are becoming very
expert at the fast
A handout lunch waa served by
Mrs. Eaeygo to several of her brothers
(tn Adam) who had Juat arrived In
town after some months on the road. .
A "porch tango" was given by the *
Misses Sad and Bad on tbe steps ot'
their apartment on H Itreet on Thuraday. Many interested spectators
watched the entertainment from the
street.
A most delightful "bridge" wSa
given by Mrs. Supperless to • few
friends on Saturday.- The gaps to
some fifteen pairs of stockings (donated, gaps and all) were successfully
bridged during the afternoon.
Miss Mathle Clocker was "at home"
to a few of her young friends In her
Bijou apartment on H street Owing
to the exigencies of space, tbe guests
sat on the bed. The flames (and
smoke) of a six-bit oil stove added 40
the festivity. Pale tea and doughnuts
were served.
A charming winter fete wai arranged last week by Mesdames Out-
ofwork and fltarveatit of South Vancouver. Hand sleds were borrowed
and many loads of broken brushwood
was carried home trom nme uncleared land not too far away. The
aid of the seven children of the two
families was enlisted, and amid much
jollity the fuel for several daya waa
provided.
Ten thousand women ln British Columbia have petitioned the legislature
for the franchise, on the same terms
"Market Committee
Market Manager McMillan reported
that the Income for the month of
January amounted to $954.42. For
January, 1913, It was $977.40—a de-
crea»« of $22.98. ThlB waa entlrely
owln, the fact that there was not
enough products coming forward, as
the demand tor tbe produce wai
strong.
Tenders for re-tarring the roof of
the market building are being called
for.
It has been decided to appoint a publicity commissioner, whose duties
would be to create a public interest-
In local industries.
, Mr. McMillan will start on his* annual tour among the farmera on
March 1st. His flrst trip will be from
Ladner to Chilllwack on the south
side of the Fraser river.
Allied Printing Tradea
At the last regular meeting of the
Allied Printing trades council the fol-
lowing officers were elected: President, H. NePage (acclamation); vice-
president, Chas. Gray; secretary-
treasurer, F. R. Fleming; executive
committee, M. Swearlnger, Geo.
Mowat, H. Neelands, H. P. Allen, E.
Waterman, A. Keddy. A committee
was appointed to arrange tor holding
a "smoker" In the nesr future. The
next meeting will be held on March
9th.
CANADA
MILLIONS OF ACRES
OF LAND AVAILABLE
Farm Hands Become Farmers Who Can Look Forward
to a Competency for Later Years
There is an urgent and ever-increasing demand in Canada for farm help and domestics, who are assured of steady employment.
The industrious farm hand, who has no capital and saves his earnings, can soon become the owner of 160 acres of fertile soil.
Improved farms can be obtained on easy terms in almost every Province, and the farmer with small or large capital has unlimited opportunity for his energy and enterprise and every assurance of success. Upon application, illustrated pamphlets will be mailed free of charge, giving specific data showing the approximate sUm required and how to commence settlement, and the excellent educational facilities available in
every Province of the Dominion.
No effort is made to induce the emigration of mechanics or skilled labor. It is advisable for su'ch classes to make inquiry from reliable
sources as to the demand for such labor, and to have a sufficient sum of money for maintenance until employment is obtained. The Immigration Department DOES NOT undertake to find employment for mechanics or skilled laborers.'
SYNOPSIS OF LAND LAWS
Six months' residence upon and cultivation of the land in eaoh of three years. A homesteader may live within nine miles of his homestead on a farm of
at least 80 acres solely owned and occupied by him or his father, mother, son, daughter, brother or sister.
In certain districts a homesteader in good standing may pre-empt a quarter section alongside bis homestead.   Price $3.00 per acre.   Duties—Must
reside six months iln each of six years from date of homestead entry (including ths time required to earn homestead patent) and cultivate fifty acres extra.
FURTHER INFORMATION SUPPLIED FREE OF CHARGE ON APPLICATION TO
W. D, SCOTT Superintendent of Immigration OTTAWA PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY FEBRUARY JO, 19U.
CARPENTER DISTRICT
WITHDRAWSITS
(Continued from page 1.)
Business Agent's Report.
Business Agent Wilkinson reported
at length regarding the joint delegation that went to Victoria to meet the
government re the unemployed question of Greater Vancouver. In the absence of Mayor Baxter Aid. Mahon accompanied the delegation which was
made up of three representatives of
the Ministerial Association, the secretary of the Y. M. C. A., Reeve Dickie,
a councillor and the engineer of'Bur-
naby. The Premier and Hon. Dr.
Young replied at some length and
promised to send an official reply last
Monday, which up to the present has
not been received. Delegate Wilkinson requested Sir Richard not to put
the delegation off with his standardized answers. The days of the poll-
. tician were over In B. C, and the services of a statesman are now required
to solve the great perplexing questions of the day. He regretted to say
that the premier, in talking, Summered
around the question of the unemployed
like a steer that had been struck with
a poleax. It was quite noticeable
that the premier was perceptibly falling down under the huge load of the
iniquitous work of years of his government
The laundry workers had succeeded
in inducing Smith's laundry to employ
union help.. Regarding the unionising
of the Regal Theatre he advised the
theatrical stage employees to go slow
tn the matter, as the business of the
theatre ln question was ln a depressed
state. Regarding the overtime work
at the station, the foreman stated he
was opposed to lt, and they worken
overtime because it could not be
helped. The proposition to reorganise the retail clerks was deferred for
the time being. The business agent
had interviewed members of the park
board regarding union musicians. As
no civic appropriations had yet been
made, the matter was put on for the
time being. Some 25 laborers had
been put to work on the park.
Delegate Mldgley asked if any laundry workers had been discharged from
their work because they belonged to
the unton.
Business Agent Wilkinson said that
he understood that three or four had
been dismissed on those grounds.
Labor Representation League.
Delegate Walker reported for the
committee appointed to consider the
constitution and by-laws of the Labor
Representative League, and had favored the same. He moved the adoption ot the report .
Delegate Kavanagh—By that did
Delegate Walker mean that this council pay a 50 cents per capita tax to the
league.
President Foxcroft—Yes.
Delegate Kavanagh—I have-seen too
many so-called labor parties to approve of this one. His organization
would oppose any so-called labor
party like those of Australia, New Zealand and other places.
Delegate Pettlplece said that there
waa nothing binding In the council if
It approved of the proposed constitution and by-laws.
Secretary Wilkinson then read the
whole report
Delegate Dunn said that even Delegate Kavanag*h should agree to lt.
Delegate Pettlplece—Ther* Is no
platform Involved—only a constitution
and bylays.
Delegate Kavanagh moved that the
report lie on the table for 99 years.
The chair ruled lt out of order. An
appeal from the chair's decision was
made and Vice-President McVety waa
called to the chair. On a vote being
taken the chair was sustained.
Delegate MoVety asked was lt the
Intention of the committee If the council endorsed lta report to consider that
lt stands as endorsing a labor party?
Delegate Walker—I would understand that the council was only endorsing the constitution as adopted.
Delegate McVety—Does that mean
the endorsatlon of the labor party?
Delegate Walker—Whether it would
bind the council he could not Bay, as
that matter had not been discussed by
the committee.
Delegate McVety   moved   that the
whole matter be referred back to the
committee.
Delegate Mldgley—The, committee
would not be in any better position at
the next meeting tban lt was now.
By endorsatlon of the report the council would be endorsing the league.
The next step would be to elect delegates, and line up with a new political
party. The council had alwayB stood
against affiliation with any party, i
think the council should not touch it.
He moved an amendment that it lay
on the table, which was carried.
Secretary's Duties.
On motion of Delegate Pettipiece it
was decided to change the duties of
secretary and cut out the services of
a business Agent.
Delegate Kavanagh waB surprised at
the motion of Delegate Pettipiece, al
though he supported lt.
Delegate Wilkinson, apart altogether
from the motion, said that he had been
business agent since August llth last,
and that the job was never created
for him, as he opposed it at the time.
He was satisfied that bis work had
given the council satisfaction. Just as
long as a labor official was ln possession of the skill of his trade, just so
long was he in a position to act independently of the whims of any organization. Since his union had decided
to withdraw from the council, he was
going back to his trade on Monday
morning.
Officers Elected.
Following by-elections of officers to
fill the vacancies created by the withdrawal of the delegates from the carpenters' union,: resulted as follows:
President, C. W. Walker; general secretary, George Bartley: secretary-
treasurer, Miss H. Gutteridge; trustee,
Fred Knowles.
Domestic Employees,
The letter of L. L. M. Coote, president of the Home and Domestic Employees union, enclosing copy of resolutions passed by that body re the
Council's action in requesting the federal government to prevent the influx
of domestic servants was, after considerable discussion, laid on the table.,
B. C, MINERS'   i
Liberation League Holds Memorial
Service at Capital City
VICTORIA, B.C., Feb. 18.—The B.
C. Miners' Liberation league held an
overflow meeting,in tbe Klnemacolor
theatre, when a memorial service took
place for the late Joseph Mairs.
Among the speakers were J. Alsop,
Ladysmith, and J. Kavanagh, Vancouver. During the evening picture
slides of deceased miner and also
scenes depleting the Laurence, Mass.,
Btrike, were exhibited. When the red
flag was thrown on the screen the
audience rose and sang the Red Flag.
Another mass meeting will be held
next Sunday night.
"MOTHER" JONES ILL
DENVER, Colo., Feb. 18—"Mother" Jones, aged 84, who has been confined to San Rafael hospital, Trinidad, as a military prisoner for several
weeks, became seriously ill today
Her physician, Dr. Harvey, a union
doctor, was dented by state troops
the right to attend her, according to
hts telephone message to United Mine
Workers' headquarters ln this city.
The military authorities refuse to discuss the affair.
Labor Editor's to Meet
A convention of editors and managers of labor papers of the United
States and Canada under the auspices of the International Press association will be held in St. Louis
April 14th and 15th next.
Painters' local held Its regular
meeting Thursday. Work is reported
dull, but there are indications of better things ln the near future.
Electrical workerB held their regular
meeting Monday night. Routine business was gone through, and as business waB dull there was little else to
be discussed.
The U. S. bureau of statistics has
issued amended figures showing the
value of the dollar has dropped fifty-
one and four-tenths cents during the
last five years.   Get that.   ;
At the structural ironworkers' meeting Friday, the dates of the regular
meetings were changed from the second and fourth Fridays to every Monday night, commencing Feb. 23rd.
Trade was reported good, ln tact nearly 190 per cent, of the members are
working. Good organization counts
for a lot these days.
WM. H. REID
Secretary-treasurer International Union
of Shingle WeaverB, Sawmill Workers
and Woodsmen, with headquarters at
Seattle. Mr. Reld Is also editor ot the
Timber Worker, a creditable four-page
weekly. •
REFERENDUM FOR ELECTION
Miners Decide to Elect District Officer by Referendum Vote
District Association No. 6, Western
Federation of Miners, recently submitted the following questions regarding nomination and election of
district officers to the locals' In the
jurisdiction:
Question 1.—Shall the officers be
elected by a referendum vote of the
membership of the district?
Question 2.—Shall candidates tor
office be nominated by at least four
locals, before their names can be
placed on the ballot?
Question 3.—Shall the president of
District Association No. 6 be organizer for the district and paid a salary
during the period of his incumbency;
visiting the locate as often as possible
and reporting to the executive board
once a month?
The first proposition was carried
by 686 to 236, the remainder, 2 and 3,
being defeated by 397 to 386 and 429
to 343, respectively. Rossland voted
heavily against all three, registering
142 against question 1, which amounted to more than half of the votes
cast for its rejection. Moyie and
Rossland were the only two unions
which gave a majority against the
proposal.
A New Experiment
The National Women's Trade Union
League, of America, recognizing the
importance of well-trained women organizers in the labor field, have recently started a school ln Chicago for
their training. The league, whloh Is
endorsed by the American Federation
of Labor and the TradeB and Labor
congress of Canada, announces the en
rollment of their first pupil, a member
of Beer Bottlers', Local 169, Kansas
City, Mo. The curriculum appears to
be very thorough, embracing organization and administration work, class
room work, public speaking, etc., with
well-known labor officials as lecturers.
The experiment wilt be watched wtth
much Interest and wtth good wishes
for Its success.
LETTERS TO i
JEEP*
9
George Lockwood, a union painter,
Is dead, at Toronto, Ont.
The committee of the Independent
labor party of Toronto, Ont, has sold
2,000 tickets for a grand concert to be
held on February 20th. Fred Bancroft
and Controller James Simpson will be
the speakers of the evening.
COTTON'S WEEKLY — Best
Socialist propaganda paper tn
Canada. Price 50 cents per
year; in clubs of four, 25 cents
for 40 weeks.
Address, COWANSVILLE, P.Q.
Strike On
MINERS KEEP AWAY
THE strike is still on at the
* Queen Mine and Silver
Dollar, at Sheep Creek, B. C.
AH working men urged to stay
away until the strike is settled
Order Ymir Misers' Union
STRIKE
NOW ON IN THE MINING CAMPS OF CUMBERLAND,
NANAIMO, SOUTH WELLINGTON AND LADYSMITH
ON VANCOUVER ISLAND
BRITISH COLUMBIA
ALL WOEKERS KEEP AWAY.   THE COAL BARONS ARE
BEING AIDED IN AN ATTEMPT TO BREAK THE STRIKE
AND DEFEAT TRADE UNIONISM.
By Bowser's Special Police and Soldiers
THOUSANDS OF MEN ARE OUT OF WORK IN BRITISH
COLUMBIA, AND THERE IS NO CHANCE FOR A MAN TO
GET WORK UNLESS HE GOES TO WORK ABOUT THE
MINES TO SCAB AGAINST HIS FELLOW WORKMEN
SO KEEP AWAY FROM VANCOUVER ISLAND
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Editor Federatlonist: We are
anxious to salute you on behalf of
the brawny strikers of Nanalmo. The
laurels ot a McBride government are
falling in a spicy way these days upon
the editor of the local morning
strike-breakers' gospel. Perhaps you
are not aware that Dicky has made
him a license or-police commissioner,
Well, we do not envy him, for if doing what one is told will gain such
recognition assuredly then be has a
most worthy case. A little time ago,
in speaking of the Typographical union, this elite person said be bad
warned the miners .what a terrible
thing lt waB to strike. However, all
miners are aware ot this at all times.
Also, he did not approve of strikes,
This the miner also knows. Still a
worse thing even than striking is
that of strike-breaking, and lt Is
regrettable fact that the whole Herald
gospel has sought strenuously these
many months to Induce men to
strike-break, and then the same rag
would plead a sincere profession of
labor union principles. Hypocrisy
never appeared more hideous than as
portrayed by the Herald. ThlB same
gospel is sponsor tor encouraging
Mayor Planta to deal rigidly in ridding the community ot certain persons
whom this would-be judge might term
undesirables. If all the parties whom
he might tblnk were undesirables ln
this town were so, of course it would
not be too bad, but it is a mistake.
As the result of being drunk with
power, a by-law has been enacted to
interfere with the personal liberties
of the pedestrian. It a man stands
on the streets he is told by special
police to move on, and one man has
already been arrested for not doing
as ordered by the special, carrying
into effect the famous liberty Interference by-law, passed by the wise
fathers of tbe Coal City.
Another matter worthy of note is
their side issue of pounding the
striker to the last point of endurance. A general attack is made upon
the striker by advancing rents out of
all just and reasonable proportion.
Already the rent of one man has been
ordered raised twice during the strike,
and the place he is living In is only
a small cabin. At first he paid 16,
then lt waB- raised to $8, and lastly
to $12, when $6 for such a hovel is
all that any reasonable man could
desire. Among some ot these unfair
persecutors of the strikers are men
who profess Christianity, but, alas,
show by their conduct that they have
never as yet known the Master. Another matter that should be brought
to public attention is the discrimination of tbe court ln this city towards
certain parties opposed to tbe strike
as against thoee in favor. When a
striker Is arrested for any small offence he Is given the full penalty and
no mercy Is shown him, but when a
strike-breaker, special police, or any
one connected with the opposite side
Is arrested he Is shown special leniency. A special who shot a boy In
this locality, ot course he was apprehended and placed under arrest. About
the second hearing this policeman got,
the command from the magistrate was
to treat him kindly and walk bim
around the streets, and advise him not
to worry. It appears this has been
strictly carried out, as this same
policeman is now walking about and,
It Is alleged, Is living comfortably in
one of tbe hotels ln the city. All
the strikers, some of whom could not
be found guilty of anything as they
had violated no law, were rushed to
jail, and kept tbere without sentence
for weeks or months, and then dismissed. Sucb a travssty of justice can
only result ln one thing, and that is
the encouragement of crime Instead
of its abatement. If the courts o'f this
country are to be used as a force to
punish men who are asking for their
just rights, above and beyond those
of the ordinary criminal, then Law
in itself loses at once its meaning,
and Justice as quickly becomes farcical. A few days ago at Victoria, upon the floor of the house, the premier
exposed the true relationship in which
he and his whole machine stands with
respect to the miners' struggle on Vancouver Island, when he said, "The
whole difficulty had1 arisen because lt
was proposed that the United Mine
Workers should be in control of the
coal mines of Vancouver Island." The
deduction to be drawn Is that Sir
Richard is the loyal devotee to the
coal barons and as such must help to
defeat the desire of the men ln their
demand for recognition. No one knows
how false this Is or how false Is this
insinuation flung at the U. M. W. of
A. No one knows how true it is, and
how wise upon the part of the miner
to ask for the recognition of an organization alone tbat is able to defend
the miners more than does the same
Sir Richard. Further, lt is an exposure of who is the real government
of this country, whether lt be the boss
of the political machine or the corporations' concerned. The government, after all, Is but the machine to
express the mandate of tbe corporations, and to dictate the terms under
which labor shall be allowed to exist.
The philosophy of theBe time-servers
Is that the worker can have a union,
but recognition of it Is too practical
a way of asking for It. The coal bar-
one can organize and have their strike
funds to defend them against any demand made by the striking miners for
Buch a privilege, and theBe barons are
recognized to the hilt by the government, but the miner stands alone to
flght against .these forces centered
against him if he asks a privilege. It
la time the "hoodwinkers" were torn
from the vision of the union man so
that he can see what he is up against,
and sight given to all who labor, If
labor must be Baved.
PRESS COMMITTEE.
Nanalmo, Feb. 19.
Gave Up Their Lives
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: We
would like' to draw your attention to
the deaths of two young men named
Turner and Powell, employed by
Foley, Welch and Stewart, who gave
to
up their lives in a vain endeavor u,
rescue those of others ln a gas-packed
tunnel of the C. P. R. Recently the
morning shift, while blasting In the
Pioneer tunnel, fired their first shot
at eleven o'clock and then went to
dinner. Returning they watted about
half an hour, and then went Into the
face and shot the remainder of the
round—eleven or twelve more holes,
as Is customary.  The time elapsed
tufonri   *Ii«  at— *— —   -*  !■*-■-   "*
be-
   j,      aaac aaaaao «an|at>OU  UH
tween the firing ot the flrst and aecond shots was two hours, which is
the time absolutely essential to clear
the tunnel of all, gas caused by bad
powder and bad' ventilation. Meanwhile It became known that some C.
P. R. officials were coming to Inspect
the tunnel and everyone was told to
get busy.   Peter McFarlane, assistant
LAOBOSSB   MA0K4TES   ABBOAO
Con Jones (Beated) and Harry Cowan
miapped by the camera -in London,
They nre now on the Continent hobnobbing with the sport Impresarios of
Paris, Berlin and Stockholm.
REDISTRIBUTION
British Columbia Promised Six Add!
tlonal Federal Membera
A redistribution bill has at last
been brought down by the federal government which will give the prairie
provinces and British Columbia Increased representation at Ottawa,
the latter being given 13 members Instead of six. The proportion of members to each province was fixed by
the British North America act, which
specified that Quebec must always
have 65 representatives, the unit of
representation being the population
of that province divided by 65. Under
the new bill the* unit is 30,819. This
latter figure will give the provinces
the following representation: Alberta,
12, British Columbia 13, Manitoba 15,
New Brunswick 11, Nova Scotia 16,
Ontario 82, Prince Edward Island 3,
Quebec 65, Saskatchewan 16, Yukon 1.
making a total of 234.. It is, however,
possible that Prince Edward island
will retain its four members, making
the total ln the new house 235 as against 221 in the present bouse. It
will thus be seen that, with the ex
ception of Quebec, which must remain
stationary and possibly Prince Ed
ward island, all the eastern provinces
lose members (New Brunswick' 2,
Nova Scotia 2, Ontario 4), while the
west gains 22. The constituencies
throughout the dominion will have to
be rearranged on account of great
discrepancies as to population, and
no doubt considerable gerrymander
ing will take place. In North Middlesex, 13,000 elect a member while it
requires 170,978 tn Malsonneuve for
the same purpose. A committee of
seven will allocate the boundaries
and will observe the wishes of the
fathers of confederation that rural
districts should have a larger representation than city ridings.
What wc want is an enquiry into
conditions now existing and those ex
lBtlng before and leading up to the
troubles. If there Is one Interested
member among the supporters of the
government, I challenge that one to
adjourn this debate and then bring in
an amendment removing the want of
confidence clauses from this resolution by cutting off the last two paragraphs and inserting Instead a
clause worded in such a manner as
to make lt the expression of this
house that an investigation is desirable. Then let ns get down to the
bottom of this trouble.—Parker Williams, M.L.A.
superintendent for the contractors,
and Mcllwee, another contractor, went
into the tunnel twenty minutes after
the blast, and, after proceeding a
short distance, returned and said
there was not much gas and every
thing was safe. The shift boss then
took his men into the tunnel, while
McFarlane met Dennis, Foley's superintendent, and tbe C. P. R. officials,
and after a time started with them
into the tunnel. As they headed ln
they met the shift boss being carried
out unconscious. They still kept on
and ln a tew minutes a dozen men
were knocked out by the gas, and
outside help was being called. Three
men, Nicholson, Turner and Powell,
responded, and made several trips
into the tunnel bringing out the men
who were overcome by gas. I At last
they fell themselves, and, although
every means was taken to resuscitate
them, nothing could be done for Turner and Powell, both of whom died
without recovering consciousness. The
Inquest was a farce—a verdict of accidental death being returned, the
jury being for the most part afraid to
speak. One who did dare to ask
questions was fired the next day. Be-
aides wishing to call attention to the
heroism of these two young men, we
would like to make the following
su°geBttons: First, that tunnels should
be under the supervision of the inspector of mines; second, that ambulances with necessary requisites be
kept on the spot; third, that flrst aid
classes be formed and an extra payment given to those who became
efficient; and fourth, that a Draeger
helmet and pulmotor be kept in every
tunnel over 1,000 test long. Were
these men organized they would be
able to get most of these, but In their
present Btate they can only ask for
the support of public opinion,-and remind them that there must be good
stuff amongst the workerB when they
supply men who give np their.lives
for others. C. C. NEWCOMB,
Feb. 12, 1914.   JOHN KAY.
Union Barber Shops
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: One
matter that vitally affects the union
barbers of this city Is that a large
number of members of the different
local labor organizations are not doing
all they ought to do to boost the
"card shops" of the barberB' union.
They all know there are plenty of
union shops ln this city and where
they are located, but still tbey cannot
manage tp flnd them. It Is a pretty
hard proposition to go, or to think of
going to a shop where the card Is
found. Some prominent unionists
will manage to get up before unions
and shout their praise for union label
goods, etc., but when they should
practice what they preach, they don't
understand; they got bewildered. If
the union men would patronize only
"card shops" there would not be any
need for union barbers to be unemployed. Ask for the shop card if you
don't see It.   Yours truly,
IDLE UNION BARBER.
Vancouver, B.C., Feb. 19,1914.
Incident which will be important in the life of every reader of
The Federationist.
How can a small amounl be invested to give me the
greatest result?
THE ANSWER
SYSTEMATIC SAVING
First rung on ladder to independence.
Start now, paving way.
Parents set aside small amount monthly for your boys -and
girls.
Children, save your dimes, one dime daily. Sundays not included, will give you $1,000 in 20 years.
"Young Man," you want to start in business some time. Set
the time to-day and arrange for the capital needed.
Young woman, "be independent," you may not have $1,000
to-day, but you have $31.20. Read what it will do
for you in a few years.
The Royal Financial Corporation offers for the first time
to the public, a 20-year Instalment Bond.
* ROYAL FINANCIAL CORPORATION LTD.
Paid Up Capital and Reserve, $550,000
DIRECTORS:
J. Y. GRIFFIN .' 4 President
JOHN F. LANOAN  ' Vice-President
P. LAMONT Secretary-Treasurer
A. A. MERCER  Foreign Representative
E. B. McDERMID  Managing Director
L. E. MAIR	
About Accumulative Instalment Bonds
Can you save thirty-one dollars .tnd twenty cents per year.     It
isn't very much—less than ten cents a day, yet it is sufficient to give
. you
One Thousand Dollars in Twenty Years
Millions upon millions of dollars iire invested in Municipal. Industrial, Railroad, Trust Company, and other bonds. If you had one
thousand dollars in cash you would probably invest it in this class of
bond. If you have not one thousand dollars in cash, what then? This
is where our instalment Bond comes in. We will give you a bond
for $1,000, payable in twenty annual instalments of $31.20 each. A
bond for $10,000 costs you $313.00 per year.
We can also issue you a 10 or 15 year Bond for any amount.
If you wish to purchase a $100.00 bond, we will Issue you one on
the basis of $3.10 a year. Buy one each month. ThlB Is the best paying Investment on tbe market today. Enquire about it. Watch this
paper for more information.
Full Information will be given upon request at our offices.
Address all enquiries to—
BOND DEPARTMENT.
Royal Financial Corporation Ltd.
711714 ROGERS BUILDING
ADVERTISEMENT
A'- _*    ''
JRATIC
PARTV
By SAM ATKINSON.
THE CITY'S   DUTY   TO THE  UNEMPLOYED
In view of the tact that much criticism Is being hurled at an honest
effort to establish a "free employment
bureau" tn this city, it is necessary
to point out that the recently formed
organization has ln no way attempted
to interfere with union labor.
The Idea we had in mind was .simply to start an agitation that would
result ln the opening up of public
works by the provincial government
and such olty works as might be arranged for at this season to bridge
the span ot seasonal displacement
which occurs at this period ln the
city of Vancouver year after year.
It must be patent to the mind of
any man that wtth one out of every
six ot the properties in Vancouver
being vacant, the building trades will
not have much chance until these
vacant properties are occupied, and
those properties can not be occupied
until the working class of the popu
lation are In a fairly prosperous con
ditlon.
The provincial government could
arrange for public works to be opened
every year during this season for the
next ten years. This would mean that
the butcher, the baker, the grocer, the
clothier, the dry-goods man, and all
other business people would be getting their bills paid and they would
have an even start of affairs In the
business conditions of the city covering the entire year.
The fact that men who are willing
to work can not get work Is a blot
upon the city's life, and a standing
disgrace to the present provincial government. This city can give work to
many unemployed by providing for:
Shorter work days for all municipal employees;
Thorough cleaning of streets and
alleys of public buildings—particularly schools—repairing and paving of
streets;
Upkeep, repair and Installation of
Btreet lights and signs;
Erection of needed school buildings
and municipal lodging houses;
Construction of public works, the
building ot a much-needed hospital
for contagious diseases;
' Better transportation service: In
this way, more care would have to be
run and more,conductors and motor-
men employed.
Objections to this programme will
be raised because of "hard times'.' and
because of "lack of funds."
The olty has to teed and clothe
the unemployed anyway, and because
of "hard times," the city could purchase material and equipment cheaper and on better terms than under ordinary circumstances, therefore, it is
a matter of business-sense and judgment to put a man to work and free
him from charity.
A similar plan was proposed by
John C. Kennedy In an editorial In
the "Workers' World," January 3,
1913, ln which he pointed out the
need of Chicago for better transportation service, garbage disposal, etc..
etc. The municipal authorities did
not aet upon his suggestions, however. ' The unemployed were offered
work cleaning the streets and alleys.
It was proposed not to Increase the
foroe—whloh oonld very easily have
been done—but to lay oft the regular
"white wings'1 and put the jobless
to work for coffee and rolls and (.
bed In the municipal lodging house.
Naturally, the Jobless refused to consider this ridiculous proposition.   For
that action they were severely criticised and word went through the
country that the unemployed In Chicago were unemployed because they
refused work that was offered to
them.
It should be remembered, however,
that men should have work not because they are unemployed, but because work ae a means of life Bhould
be as free as the air we breathe and
the water we drink.
The olty of Vancouver ts so situated that a great amount of work could
be accomplished at this period of the
year which would enhance Its value
as a city and give to us a siteness ln
our business circles unequalled by
any other city ln Canada or on the
Pacific coast. This is what the "Free
Employment Bureau" Is agitating for.
"Work" and not'"Charity" Is our slogan.
In no single Instance can lt be proven that the bureau has sent out a
man to work at less than the union
rate of wages or taken the place ot a
union man, but many Instances can be
cited ln which men have been taken
from unions where a position has
been located requiring such a man.
It is safe to remark the statement
that no effort would have been made
by any body of men ln this city to
bring pressure to bear either upon
the city or the provincial government
without agitation that we have carried out during the past tew weeks.
The cry has been raised that to advertise the condition of the unemployed and their number tn the city
of Vancouver- would give a "black
eye" to the city. The question of the
unemployed is one that we can not
solve. As long as the capitalists control the Industries, and therefore control the jobs, there will always be
unemployed. They will lay men and
women off when work Is slack. They
will not run their enterprises unless
they can make a proflt. Under the
present industrial system—rather,
lack of system—there Is no scientific
adjustment of supply to demand;
there are periods of feverish activity
of overwork and then periods of "no
work" at all.
There Is only one real solution of
the problem of the unemployed. The
workers must own and operate the
Industries of the nation throughout*
Then they will control their own jobs
and get this full equivalent of the
wealth they create. Until the workers are aroused by constant agitation,
they will not* become conscious of
this truth. With that end in view—
and that alone—we are endeavoring
to train men; flrst, to demand a job,
and then to get control of the jobs
they secure.
All interested
in organization are requested to at
once call at Room 217; Labor
Temple, or communicate  with
GEO. HEATHERTON
A. F. of L. General Organiser
Kitchenware Sale
See our window display of specials
on aale Saturday 10 a.m. Wonderful value at 5c, too.,  15c,  25c.
HOUR ft COE    12S HaiUaga St. W.
THI CHINA STORE

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