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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 6, 1914

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INDUSTR1
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIS*
-t'Y:  STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR.
POLITICAL UNITti **iSW«tI
SIXTH YEAR.  No. 148.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 6,1914.
THIRTY-TWO PAGES
(hc5S8Sr> IWPJSBYgiiJF
FALSE PRETENCES
/ANDARMEDFORCE
TO GET SCABS
Fraud and "Strong Arm"
Methods Used by Colorado Ooal Operators
Government F i g u r e s For
December Are Encouraging to Striking Miners
(Special to The Federationist).
DENVER, Colo., Feb. 5.—No better proof of the success of the coal
strike could be had than the operators' own figures furnished to the
state coal mine inspector for December which shows that the production of,coal in the strike zone was
only 30 per cent, of that for the corresponding month last year. The
operators have made repeated announcements through their press that
they had all. the men they needed and
that production would be normal for
the month of December. Results,
however, show that these statements
were absolutely false. Every scheme
possible wa.s used by the operators
during the latter part of November
to get scabs into the state. They
have brought men from the east, telling them there were no labor trou
blcs in the mines and one lot were
brought in under pretence of buying
land. These men were then forced
into working in a mine by militia and
mine guards, even their shoes, being
taken away from them every night
to prevent their escape. In the middle of December the operators were
unable to produce enough coal to
supply the penal institutions of the
state and were forced to lease a mine
to the state to produce its own coal.
The figures relating to production by
non-union mines are also encouraging
showing that they arc only producing
30 per cent, of their normal output,
while the mines actually worked by
union labor arc producing above normal. Those who have had any
doubts about the success of the coal
strike can find excellent food for
thought in these official figures.
FEEBLE ATTEMPT OF
MINISTER TO JUSTIFY
, USE OF BIG GUNS
In an attempt to justify their
highhanded measures In suppressing the Rand atrlke, the
South African government is
trumping up charges of rebellion
and Inciting to rebel, against
the deported labor officials. General Smuts, tbe minister of defence, argued that they had to
deal, not with an ordinary
strike, but wtth a conspiracy
against the government. He
drew lurid pictures of anarchy,
paralysis of trade, and terrorism caused by the men's demands. The fact of the matter
is, that nothing under heaven
will justify the use of ultimatums backed by cannon on defenceless men, and the apologists for the government are
hard put to lt to Invent any excuse, no matter how pitiful. Although, according to a corrupt
press, tbe Btrike Ib Bald to be
"broken," yet lt was really a
succesB. The workers never before realized their solidarity and
the use of that "Btand together"
spirit. In a few months they
will have perfected plans for a
strike beside which the laat one
will look like "thirty cents."
Verily the employers have aown
the wind and will real the
whirlwind.
Railroads Linking Up in
Province Means Many
Bridges
On Six Charges of Rioting
During Miners' Troubles
on Vancouver Island
Stated Oase Is Refused by
Judge Morrison in Case
of Joe Angelo
NEW   EXECUTIVE.
Of B. C. Federation of Labor Holds
Busy Session at Royal City
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C,
Feb. a.—The executive of the B. C.
Federation of Labor held a meeting
in the Savoy hotel, this City, on Saturday. -All the members were present
with the exception of Vice-President
J. J. Taylor, who is still in jail.
Regarding the shares in the Federationist, * after due consideration it
was decided that until the executive
had met the directors tjiat no instructions could be given to the trustees
for the federation and that the executive board members residing in Victoria be the deputation to wait upon
the government to present the views
of the executive before them.
Policy of Federation of the Industrial Field: Decided that all members
of the board submit their views on
this question to the secretary and
president to deal with before February
21st, and the result to be again submitted to the members of the board
along with copies of the views held
by the different members for a final
decision.
Universal working and transfer
card: It was decided to refer this
■natter to the trades congress with
the request that the fratrenal delegate to the A. F. of L. bring this matter before that body for consideration.
Organization of domestic employees: It was decided that the secretary take this matter up with the
executive of trades congress and all
central bodies, in this province.
Secretary to comply with spirit of
resolution No. 40, adopted at the convention.
Petition for miners: Secretary instructed to get out petitions on lines
of resolution No. 43. Secretary to
submit resolution No. 79 to a refer
t'lulum vote of the affiliated bodies.
Expenses of board members for
above meeting: J. W. Gray, $8; B.
Simmons, $8; G. Hardy, $8; W. F,
Dunn, $6; J. H. McEwen, $6; H,
Knudsnn, $5; A. Watchman, $8; A.
S. Wells, $8.    Total $87.
Before adjournment President
Watchman said in part: "I should
like to call your attention to the fact
that there is need for all members of
the executive to pull 'together, also
need for organization in your varioues
districts. I trust each of you will do
all you can to make this federation
a power in this province. It is my
intention tn do all in my power to
strengthen this organization. And I
trust that I shall have the hearty support of each and every one of you."
Meeting adjourned 3.1S p.m.—A,
S. Wells, Secretary-Treasurer.
Mass Meeting Carpentera
A mass meeting of carpenters will
be held In room 401, Labor Temple,
Thursday, February 12, to vote on
the propoaed laws governing the newly-formed District Council ot Carpenters.
On Record Time
This Issue of The Federatlonist Ib
a record one, bo far as regards the
time It took to do tbe work. This has
been made possible by the up-to-date
methods of Messrs. Cowan & Brookhouse, Labor Temple, who are the
printers of this paper. To have published the proceedings of the, B. C.
Federation of Labor at such short
notice Is highly commendable and Is
doubtless a source of satisfaction to
the printers as lt Ib to The Federatlonist and lta supporters.
Work atlll continues very dull among
' the Painters and Decorators. There Ib
some talk of putting the business agent
back oft the job again in the near fu-
* hire, tbe dull season being a good time
to line up their forces as a preliminary
to the summer's activities.     ,
On Tuesday afternoon In Justice
Morrison's assise court, held at New
Westminster, the Jury found Willie
Bowater, Jr., of Extension, not guilty
of the six charges of riotous destruction of property, riotous damage, riot
and unlawful assembly against him.
Bowater's ease Is the laat of the Extension oases whloh wilt be tried for
some time.
In tha appeal made to the court of
appeal in the case ot Joe Angelo, the
Italian miner, who waa found guilty
on the charges of rioting at Extension preferred against him, the tribunal ordered that the case should be
sent back to Justice Morrison. Tuesday his lordship declined to state a
stated case as requested, sb that lt
reBts at the point where the verdict
was given.
A
The Aims and Objects
Higher Standard of
the Oraft
Officers Elected—A Vote of
Thanks to T. and L.
Council—Meetings
One of the best and most enthusiastic gatherings of unionists held in
Labor Temple took place on Wednesday night, when the local laundry
workerB formally organized with a
large membership, whose forces will
be very materially augmented In tbe
near future. All the speakers, and
there was a goodly number, were
most sanguine of the future of tbe new
organization. In speaking of the out
look it was pointed out that organized
labor In general could do a great deal
for the new union by telling the
drivers of the wagons that If their
patronage is desired that the laundry
must employ a union staff. The members of such unions aB the barbers,
bartenders, watters, hotel employees,
and others are ln a position to do
good service by seeing to lt that their
laundry Ib handed out to union concerns. The prime objects of the
Laundry Workers' International union
are "to cultivate feelings of friendship among the members of the craft,
to assist each other in securing employment, to reduce the hours of labor,
to secure by legal and proper means
a higher standard of wages for work
performed." Surely these are worthy
alms to strive tor, and In order to accomplish such purposes tt Is necessary as a matter of business for all
oustom laundry workers to organise
and unite under the one banner.. Another laudable purpose tbat should be
kept In view by all members Is to
educate themselves ln all trade and
labor matters In order to work to
gether on Intelligent lines, and thus
become thoroughly united for the
common cause of their chosen calling.
J. W. Wilkinson, business agent of
the Trades and Labor council, was
present and had the honor of Installing the following officers for the
Initial term: President, Felix E.
Devlin; vice-president, Herbert Taylor; secretary, H. Clapton; treasurer,
Thos. Mcllwralth; sergeant-at-arms,
E. Westlake; Trades and Labor council delegates, B. J. oilett and H. Clap
B. C. F. of L. CONVENTION NUMBER
LOOKITHECULI
OF THIS DISTRICT
E
Officers Chosen By Local
Organisation For Ensuing Term
Hotels and Oafes Here and
New Westminster Hire
Union Labor
Favor Labor Representation
League—Officers Elected
at Last Meeting
According to Business Agent W. L.
Yule, of the Bridge and Structural
Ironworkers, prospects were never
better in British Columbia for a very
active summer in this trade. Business may be said to be the best in this
union, than of any in the province;
there is only one unfair job, and it
is a small one. There will be much
activity the coming season toward
building in the cities of British Columbia, while the railroads are linking up all over the province, and this
linking up of the transcontinental
tines means' many bridges over the
rivers from tidewater to the summit
of the Rockies. There are three
bridges at Lytton, one at Sisco and
one near Ashcroft to be built. The G.
T. P. near Prince Rupert, will start
on several bridges in March; the
railroad is building another at Arbutus canyon on Vancouver island.
There is a traffic bridge to be built
near Ashcroft; another near Nelson.
The C. P. R. is. double-tracking its
line, and there will be a large bridge
to be built across the Pitt river. Then
there is the Georgia street viaduct,
the Stave Lake Power company's
new buildings and penstocks, the G.
T. P. hotel at Prince Rupert and the
Broadway viaduct in this city. All
these jobs are expected to be handled
by members of this union. The
Prince Rupert drydock and the Trail
smelter are. under way and will take
a year to complete.
At the last meeting the following
members we>e named as officers for
1914: President, George Read; vice-
president, J. Seeley; financial secretary, W. L. Yule; recording secretary,
Peter Neilson; statistician, W. L.
Yule; treasurer, S. Stuart; conductor,
Alex Smith; sergeant-at-arms, P.
Faraday; auditing committee, Wm.
Harrill, Nathan Atherson and Alex.
Sims; examining board, W. Cauley, P.
Faraday, A. Sims and H. Neilson.
The trustees and the executive board
will be named at next Friday's meeting. There are four applications for
membership now before this union.
BUILDING   TRADES  COUNCIL
Marble Workers Complain Agalnat
Overlapping by Brieklayera
The Building Tradea council held a
special meeting last Monday night to
consider a complaint of the marble
workers against tbe bricklayers. It
maintained that the bricklayers, an
Independent organization trom the A.
F. of L„ was encroaching on a class
of work on the new depot job tbat
had been awarded to the marble workers by the building trades department
ot the A. F. ot L. Thla encroachment
the marble workers objected to Inasmuch aB lt was alleged that the stone
masons were cutting marble for the
bricklayers to Bet. It was also stated
that the men working on the depot
job had brieklayera' cards instead of
marble workerB' credentials. The
building tradea department of the A.
F. ot L. have promised the marble
workers every assistance possible In
their effort to secure this work for
their members. Last September there
was an agreement entered into between the National Association of
Marble Dealers on the one hand and
the Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers' unions on the other, defining work
and working conditions. Part of this
agreement covers Installation of Interior marble, slate or stone work,
regardless of where Bald work was
manufactured, so long as said work
Is not "prison made." This dispute
apparently arises out of this agreement. Ihe marble workers claim undisputed control over this work since
their flrst local was formed In 1850.
Lengthy discussion followed, some
delegates being opposed to meeting
the bricklayers and compromising the
matter. Finally a motion prevailed
that Business Agent J. W. Wilkinson,
of the Trades and Labor council, together with a deputation from the
marble workers, wait on the superintendent for the contractor and attempt to arrive at a settlement of the
difficulty.
SAILORS' 8TRIKE
Effects of Strike Felt—Will Decide
Political Future of Dominion
AUCKLAND, N. Z., Jan. 5— Although the sailors' strike Is officially
oft, there are many men out of work
here. At the time of the strike the
shipping companies formed scab
unions and when the.strike was de
dared off the unionists on strike
joined this union wtth the intention
of weeding out the scabs. This is being done, for the scab worker cannot
compete with the union man at his
work. When the scao Is eliminated
other steps will be taken which will
be advantageous to the worker. This
strike will decide tbe political future
of New Zealand for thousands have
turned against the government for
their action In the late atrlke.
ton. The regular meetings of the
Vancouver local, No. 37, International
Laundry Workers, will be held on
Second and fourth Wednesdays In
each month. Before adjournment a
hearty vote of thanks was tendered
the Trades and Labor council for the
interest taken In the welfare ot the
laundry workera In this olty.
IE
FORTY PER CENT
Great Privations and Dis
tresB Among Unorganised Out-of-Works
The culinary crafts of this city
have beeiv very active of late in organization work, and the proprietors
of hotels and cafes in thia city and
New Westminster are alive to the
fact that union labor is the only competent help to employ. In this regard' it may be noted that Business
Agent W. E. Walker is in receipt of
congratulatory letters from those who
have had charge of banquets recently,
speaking in very high terms \ of the
waiters.
Organization work' in New Westminster during convention week' by
W. E. Walker had the result of signing up the Strand, Savoy and Central
hotels. This means the employmenl
of ten more unionists in the Royal
city.
Both the Cooks, No. S15, and the
Waiters, No. 28, are heartily in ac-J
cord with the aims of the Labor Representation league, aiid so voted at
their last meeting.
Cooks' union, No. 515, at its last
meeting elected the following officers for the ensuing term: President,
H. T. Forshee; vice-president, Al.
Wright; recording secretary, T. G.
Crombie; business agent, W. E.
Walker; treasurer, Dave Bell; sergeant-at-arms, W. Wagner; inspector, Andy Brett; chaplain, Retiring
President H. Zumstein; press agent,
Al. Wright; delegates to Trades and
Labor council, W. E. Walker, H.
Zumstein and T. G. Crombie; deviates to joint executive board, Dave
)ell, H. T. Forshee and H. Zumstein; executive board, John Kaupps,
Frank Johnson, Andy Brett, John
Quick and Wm. Wagner. There are
five applications pending.
Waiters' union, local No. 88, at
their last metmu aatoCtil as officers
for 1914 the folmwmg named members: Frank Steele, president; E. H.
Howard, vice-president; Michael
Browne, recording secretary; W. E.
Walker, business agent; Bert Jamie-
son, statistician; Charles Hassell, inspector; chaplain, Retiring President
Charles Davis; Michael Browne, press
agent; Frank Steele, Charles Davis
and Charles Hassell, local joint executive board;-E. H. Howard, Dan Corry, Wm. Bruce, Charles Hassell and
Michael Browne, executive board;
Frank Steel, E. H. Howard and Wm.
Bruce, Trades and Labor council delegates. There were six initiations
and five applications.
The waitresses, local No. 766, met
Monday evening, January 26, and besides transacting routine business, officers for the coming term (were
nominated. There were four initiations, and there arc three applications
pending.
Oril Ottinan. a member of the waiters' union, who has.been employed
in the 'Couver cafe, is in St. Paul's
hospital. There will be several operations necessary, and it will be some
time before this member is out again.
W. E. Walker represented the
cooks at the recent convention of the
B. C. Federation of Labor.
SHEET METAL WORKERS
Trade Dull—District Council Meets at
Seattle—Delegatee to Report.
The Sheet Metal Men report that
thirteen men were laid off last week,
and that business Btlll continues very
dull. At Thursday's meeting routine
business only was the order of the
evening. There were no Initiations,
and no applications are'pending.
The executive board of the Northwest District council met Saturday last
In Seattle, Wash., and the council met
Sunday. There were delegates pros-
ent trom Vancouver, Victoria, Beilingham, Seattle, Taeoma and Portland.
The local In thlB city will hear the report ot Delegates Harry Spear and H.
A. Crawford at Ub next meeting.
Secretary Alexander of the Calgary
local was present and explained that
the rumor that that local was working
at 45 cents per hours was unfounded,
they are still receiving 62 1-2 cents.
The rumor appears to have originated
from the fact that the proper officials
had failed to give the proprietors the
customary three months' notice of the
proposed new scale, and that -It could
not legally be put Into effect until they
had received such notice. He also reported work Btlll very dull in the Foothill city.
City Council Asked tb Provide Relief Work for
the Needy
(Special Correspondence.)
SPOKANE, Wash., Feb. 5.—Br roll
call of the Spokane Central Labor
council laat night, practically 40 per
cent, of the membera of organized labor in Spokane are shown to be without employment at this time. The
unions have.been fairly able to provide for all caaea of actual distress
among their membera. Not bo with unorganized and itinerant workers,
among whom there baa been great prl.
vation and distress.
Feeling that thla situation could be
considerably relieved by the city having some local Improvement work
which will have fo be done during
the coming year commenced at this
time, a committee from tbe central
body appeared before the city commissioners today and urged tbat thla 'action be taken at once- Former City
Commissioner, D. C. Coates, accompanied the committee and addressed the
council at considerable length ait the
local unemployed situation. He urged
that ah Immediate appropriation ot
110,000 be made for the purpose of furnishing w<>rk for all heads of families
suffering from unemployment, this
work to be done on local streets and
roads.
The city council after hearing the
committee, instructed the commissioner of public works to make an Investigation and report on what work can
be done at thla time; also to report
on methods for distributing the work
where It will do the moat good.
A so-called Christian home is caring
for about 200 Itinerant worker* on the
usual charity basis. Much fault la being found with the methods of this institution, aa it Is being conducted in a
fray that where men are put out to
work they really displace other men
who were drawing a better rate of
pay. Local unionists will interest
themselves In organizing a local of the
Itinerant Workers' unton aa the best
meana ot solving thla problem. An
organizer Is expected here from the
coaat to take up this work at an early
date.
BIO FLOOD OF CHEAP
LABOR  WILL  SWAMP
DOMINION THIS YEAR
A tremendous Influx of European Immigrants Is now practically assured for the western
provinces aiid Britlah Columbia
during the coming spring and
summer. Railway contractors
and other large employers are
jubilant over this state of affairs. Montreal shipping agents
predict heavy passenger trafflc
kecauae of the rate war which :|
hu beea now started by the big
trans-Atlantic shipping companies. The arrival of treat
numben of laborera will, without doubt, reeult In a further
lowering of wagea, wblch have
already reached the Irreducible
minimum. • Further reductions
ln third-class paasage rates are
being made, The C. P, R. Ia anticipating taking a hand In the
light, and have speedily woke
up to the fact that now there ta
a golden opportunity for an excuse for them to flood the
country wltb Occidental cheap
labor. Beside*, they are in thla
position, that they -can aell
through tickets from the old
country to any part.of the dominion, and tbls will be no Inconsiderable Inducement tb cheap
laborers.
LlR DAILY PAPER
FOR AUSTRALIAN
Half a Million Dollars Al
most Subscribed for
That Purpose
(Special to The Fed*ratf«M(t)
COBALT, Ont, Feb. I.—Laat *Nak
the employees of the Coring** alta
laid down their tool* aa a prOHM
agalnat the company in compelHaf
them to work more than eight antra
underground, which I* a vioMttja
against the Ontario Mining act '"Ha
manager state* tbat he Will proceed
j against the strikers Under the Ujilett
| act. but the men claim that ther af*
not violating the act, becauee thoy lta
Srotestlng agalnat the Infringement a!
ie provincial law. They bare take*
I the proper proceeding* according; jo
the act some nine day* ago, In notifying the mine* Inspector, bnt to date
have not heen able to secure hi* set.
vice* In the matter. Secietary-tiMk.
urer James Dogue, of Dlatrlct No. 17,
W. F. of M„ advises men to stay away
ifrom Cobalt as there are a number of
unemployed and especially from Uie
Conlagas mine until they force the
company to adhere at leaat to the law
of the country.
RETURNED TO WORK
More Money for Strikers' Kiddles
President Robt. Foster, of district
28, U. M. W. of A., wishes to acknowledge the receipt, since The Fedora-
tlonlst's "Kiddles' fund" was closed,
of the following amounts, which will
be placed in a fund to be administered
to those children whose fathers are at
present ln jail:
O. Lee Charlton $ 35.90
W. H. Thomson, Bear Creek
Minn., from local unions.. 110.00
Total.
.1145.90
Newspapers are chiefly occupied In
describing the pleasures of the
wealthy of the crimes of the needy.—
O. K. Chesterton,
"What is the difference between life
and love." When William informed
him he didn't know, he said: "Life ts
one d—n thing after another; love Ib
two d—n things after each other."
EXTENSION OF STATE
IN
Government Operates Butcher Shops, Hotels and
Many Enterprises
Workers' Homes Provided
by State on Easy
Methods
(Special Australian Correspondence)
PERTH, West Australia, Jan. 16.—
State ownership of public utilities Ib
proceeding apace In West Australia.
Hon. T. Walker, attorney-general and
minister of education, In discussing
the question said: "I feci confident
that all the enterprises are proving
successful. Of course the Workers'
Homes board, which Is out against
the landlord, Is not new, and It' has
proved successful elsewhere. There
are a number of features about our
act which, I believe, are really in advance of any state In providing homes
for the worker by easy methods. The
chief criticism against us Is levelled
against out steamship services, but
there Is no difference In principle between a tine of railways on the land
and a line of ships on the sea. We
have aucoeeded In obtaining some of
the objects we set out to get. The
state butcher shop has paid from the
beginning, and our four state hotels
are flourishing—we are making
money and the worker is getting pure
liquor. The state sawmills are doing
well. These mills, In addition to
opening up a new Industry, will bring
into commercial utility what was
hitherto looked upon as so much
waste. Not only shall we get the
value of the timber, but It will probably open up some of the best agricultural land In the state. The state
brickworks are on their way, while
our state dairying enterprise, from
which we distribute the milk, has
been responsible for saving the lives
of many of the Infants In the children's hospitals, as well as assisting
In restoring the health ot many others
In the hospitals of the cities."
Advices state that H. S. Hood, nn
additional "fair wage" officer has
been appointed for the west by the
federal government labor department.
His headquarters will be at Winnipeg,
the jurisdiction extending east to Port
Arthur. J. D. MoNlven, the other
officer, will be thus greatly assisted
ln his work, his territory now being
practically confined to British Columbia.
Hobart Newspaper Printers
Are Out on Strike for
Better Conditions
(Special Australian Correspondence)
SYDNEY, N. 8.'W., Jan. IB.—
Worken In Australia WlU shortly be
able to get tbelr newa without It being
distorted by a depraved and hostile
press. Arrangements are practically
completed tor the issue of a Labor
daily, $405,000 having already been
subscribed, leaving only 135,000 to be
raised. There should be no difficulty
about raising the balance of the
money—especially when one union
alone offered to raise the whole of
tbe money.
In Hobart the newspaper printers
are out for better conditions., The
men are asking for similar treatment
to that of their fellow workers on
tbe mainland ot Australia, but bo far
without success. This was refused
and consequently they called a strike
wblch will continue until tbe owners
recede from their position. They say
It Is ridiculous that printers should
ask for the same conditions as are in
force in cities where the population
is ten times ae great. That is to say,
they argue that because a union
printer haB the luck to strike a town
where there Is a small population he
should get small wages. Which Is a
farce.
LIBERATION LEAGUE
Holds Parade   and Mass   Meeting-
Ottawa Officiate Heard Frem
Last Friday afternoon a large number of workingmen assembled tn
front of the Labor Temple and
formed a parade as a protest against
the excessive sentences Imposed on
the Vancouver island strikers. In the
lineup were noticed membera representing the Brotherhood of Palntera,
Longshoremen (No. 38), I. W. W.,
Bricklayers and Masons, United Brotherhood of Carpenters, B. C. Liberation league and others. Conspicuous
In the parade were flags and banners,
wagons carrying big cotton cartoon
signs depicting tbe deplorable state
of affairs on Vancouver Island. This
army was headed by a band and
marched through the principal streets
of the city to the Callable street
grounds where a mass meeting was
held at which J. W. Kelly of West
Washington, D. C, organiser of the
I W. W.; W. Foxcroft, president of
the B. C. Miners' Liberation league
and president of the Trades and Labor council; Sam Atkinson, of the
social-democratic party, and C. V.
Cook, member of the league, and two
others made speeches protesting
against the Imprisonment of the
striking miners and calling upon tbe
authorities for tbe freeing of the
men.   There were over 2,000 present.
The same evening the B. C. Liberation league held lta regular meeting at
which routine buslnes was disposed
of, J. Frlckletqn acting as secretary
In the absence of H. J. McEwen, who
was attending as delegate at the New
Westminster convention of the B. C.
Federation of Labor. The following
letter was received from Thomas
Mulvey, undersecretary of state,
wblch read:
"Wtth reference to your lettergram
of the 24th instant, addressed to hts
royal highness the governor-general,
asking for the release of the Vancouver island miners now ln custody at
the Okalla prison farm and elsewhere, I am commanded to inform
you that his royal highness does not
consider tho case of these men to be
one for Interference,"
The following telegram explains It
self:
"Ottawa, Ont., Jan. 31, 1914.
"Secretary Minora' Liberation League,
Vancouver, B.C.:
"Your night letter 30th January. I
am commanded by his royal highness
the governor-general to Inform you
that on the advice of his ministers he
has decided that the case of tho Vancouver strikers Is not one which Justifies Interference with the sentence.
"F. FARQUHAR,
"Lieut-colonel,   governor - general's
secretary."
our on SHE
ATM
Agalnat Company Compel'
linf Men to Work Onr
,.;    Eight Hour*
Out-of-Works  Advised  to
Away Prom That  *
District
Name* of Deserters Who Received Re-
lief from th* U. M. W. of A.
The following atatement wai tor-
warded to The Federatloniat bjr Nanaimo local, No. 2155, V. M. W. of A,
for publication,   it read*:   ..,       .'
The men, wboee name* ate given
below, drew the amount  of. relief
shown opposite their heme* fro* the
United  Mine Worker* of America,
then deserted their fellow-worker* and
returned to work while the miliar*
are yet on atrlke:
1   H. Edward*  : 4 H*
R. CapeUck   M|
F. Dewkln
T. McArthur
J. Beggte
R. Thomp
J. Carr
W. Ritchie .
R. A. Battle.
I. Bewley ,	
W. Balrd  ;...
R. Potter
10   C. Rowbottom — 	
.. F. Dresser - - I78.J
15 R. H. Bamford  1M.|
10 H. Weeks    tiff
17 J. Radcllff    UM
18 H. Morrow ....: 180*
19 H. H. Morrow 120.J
20   R. Yarrow.
76.0
21 R. Bateman  366.1
22 J. Bateman  tM*
23 F. Vincent  STS.W
24 O. Vincent  128.0
25 J. McMeckln  893.00
26 W. J. Moor. 160.00
27 T. Rlddley 243.00
28 R. Booth 250JO
29 Joe Dixon 14J.0*
30 P. Flynn, Jr.....:    72.01
31 W. Flynn     80.04
32 J. Willie  168.01
.. J. Laverlck     24.04
34 R. Good    56.01
36 J. Nlmmo  386.0*
30 J. Doran  168.00
37 J. O. Curry 217.00
38 H. Patterson 812.00
39 J. Patterson  182.06
40 Jas. Patterson  104.00
11 A. Patterson  104.0*
42 J. Reld, Muah  182.00
43 J. Rollo 112.00
H. Fletcher  175.00
44
45  Jno. Jamea
 , 288.00
A. Weeks   100.00
J. Carruthers, Boxer.    21.00
J. Coombs     28.00
F. Machom 140.00
F. Dlx     30.00
Wm. Dean  248.01
46
47
48
49
50
51
52   Jck. Neen
175.00
53 T. Rowbottom  220.00
54 H. Macbam     80.00
55 J. Edwards  100.60
56 0. Jackson   168.00
57 T. Parkinson, 8r 144.00
58 D. Scott    48.00
59 J. Dick     48.00
60 F. Green     52.00
61 N. Stophlnson   192.01
62 S. Welsby    88.00
63 J, M. K. Young, Sir    96.01
64 J. Hynd 156.00
65 A. Knox    14.00
66 R. Houston     28.
67 A. Honeymoon   220.(1
68 R. Honeymoon, Jr    6O.0|
69 G. Seggle       4.
70 Joe Dean, Jr     4.05
71 P. High     84.00
72 O. Ramsell     56.00
73 J. Grey, machinist  104.00
74 C. Wallbank   124.00
76   T. Wallace   112.60
76 K. G. Morgon  168.00
77 J. Scott  220.00
78 H. Devlin     84.00
79 O. Devlin     30.00
A'je Hickman     180.00
81   And. Thompson  102.00
Wm. Hamilton  216.00
83 How. Kllleen     8.00
84 .lames Adams     28.00
85 Jno. Alexander  117.00
J. Altken    64.00
87   D. Cook, Jr    TS.00
E. Lythgoe  190.00
E. Davidson    88.00
90 J. Partrago  224.00
91 Peter Flynn, Sr    55.00
92 J. Hackwood   293.00
3   R. Martcll    16.00
ANDREW DEAN,
THOS. THOMPSON.
Executive Com.
Nanalmo, B. C, Jan. 28,1914.
William Hlnton, a member of Electrical Workers No. 621, had the misfortune to fall last week and fracture
j his Jaw.
The regular election of officer* wll!
take place at the next meeting of th*
Building Trade* counoll. .ill delegate*
are requested to be preient {.PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY FEBRUARY 6, 1914.
I
of the B. C. Federation of Labor
New Westminster, January 26-30, 1914
(Continued from page 32)
Your committee reports favorably,
< and I move tbe adoption of the committee's report.
Del McVETY—I have no fault to
find with the resolution, except that
the language Ib such that it might not
find the lavor it" might otherwise.
What arrests my attention at this
moment is the fact tbat the minister
' of Justice has nothing whatever to do
. with the handling or treatment
of prisoners, except those who
have already been sentenced to
terms of two years or more, and who
have thus become inmates of tbe
penitentiary. The entire control ot
prisoners awaiting sentences and
j prisoners undergoing sentences of
I twenty-three months or under, is ln
the hands ot the provincial authorities. I had this matter drawn to my
attention when the Honourable Mr.
Doherty, minister of justice, was on
hla recent visit to the coast. We interviewed the minister of justice In
connection with the treatment of prisoners ln the provlnolal jails; we interviewed him with reference to better
treatment, and with reference to the
possibility of having many of tbe indictments against those prisoners
quashed, and the act of British North
America waa again referred to, and hr
went on at aome length and explained
that that was the prerogative of the
provincial authorities, and while he
was willing to take tbe matter up generally with the attorney-general and
the prime minister, he was powerless,
Insofar aa the handling of the provincial Jails were concerned, and insofar as the handling of justice in the
province waa concerned. He had nothing whatever to do with administration of Justice In provinces, that
their functions began insofar as
prisoners aentenced to two years and
over were concerned, after they had
been sentenced, and only Insofar as
parole and conditional pardons were
concerned. I make that explanation
because the resolution Ib calling upon
the minister of Justice to do something he has absolutely no power to
do. He may have some influence, but
he has no power. I think, Mr. Chairman, with deference, tbat the committee might sort that resolution out
to aome extent, and eliminate-one or
two portion* of it, and redraft lt generally, ao that lt could be submitted
With *ome certainty of urging the
proper authorities, and after lt
reaches those authorities, leaving
them no loophole to return it to this
convention, because of the faulty
manner In which it was constructed,
or because of the provisions that made
lt necessary to go to somebody else
other than to whom It is addressed. I
suggest that with deference, Mr.
Chairman, and not with any tdea of
finding fault with the committee, because the matter, I understand, Is
urgent. I think the end* would be
much better served If the committee
bad a hurried meeting to re-draft lt.
Del. McEWEN—I realise what a
task is placed before tbls committee
if they are going to find out who tbey
are going to put the responsibility on
In the jails. I have seen the premier
about the men ln jail, and he says It
bas nothing to do with his office, only
for the minister of justice and the
lieutenant-governor. I sent a night
letter to the governor-general of Canada, I stated the conditions were abominable; that one man was dead and
another seriously HI. Since then I
have received a night letter, and be Is
transferring tbe blame on to somebody elBe (lettergram read). It seems
to me all the officials In connection
with the government, whether the
provincial or dominion government,
are shifting tho responsibility on to
somebody else. The king has been
cabled to, and also the prime minister, but they have drne nothing.
Del. GODFREY—When r got to
Westminster on Monday, the first
news I heard was that Mairs was
dead, und it hurt me pretty hard. I
was ve'y much surprised to see this
other man when we were in the court
bouse the other afternoon. I was sitting among the brothers, and one was
so broken up, that be could just
crawl Into the witness box. And I
want to say tbe man is five feet
eleven inches and a half, and I think
if I were to put this coat on him today, It would fit loose. I think tbere
should be something done, even if the
courts ot justice will not do lt. It
Is up to us to fetch him out.
Del. CRAY—I would just like to
suggest that Delegate McVety get together with the framera of this resolution, and make such alterations sb
they think will bi most effective for
the getting of Its transmittal to the
right quarters. . We know Delegate
MoVety has had large experience ln
this line, and they will probably be
able to make the resolution more effective.
President SIVERTZ—Are you moving that Delegate McVety and tbe
chairman ot the resolution committee
be appointed a special committee to
redraft the resolution?
Del. ORAY—Yes.
Del. BBATTIE—The point is, that
in the wlndup ot my resolution you
will see that we should have a doctor
to look after that man right away. 1
would like to see a motion made that
we send a wire to the premier, so that
we get this man ln touch with a doctor Immediately.
Del. CROPLEY—I would be thelast
man to be opposed ln any way to tbe
minera or the men ln Jail, but I would
like, as I did last night at the meeting of the Tradea and Labor council,
to bring this to your attention. I believe we are working along wrong
lines. The fact remains that these
men have been found guilty. In some
cases some of tbem bave pleaded
guilty, and tbey are in jail, and you
know what this means, and they are
at the mercy of the authorities whom
we have sent down there. It behoves
us now to get out of this question of
demanding, we are simply placed in
the position of men who have only,
one thing to do, and that Is to ask
for clemency from the authorities wbo
have tbe right to deal with these
laws. Other speakers say tbey have
wired to the .lieutenant-governor.
Wbat is he? He is merely there as a
tool, anything you send bim would
be transmitted to tbe minister of justice, if lt appertains to his department. The only thing we can do is,
as I have suggested, if this committee
is to redraft this proposition, to cut
out all this strong talk of impeaching
justices and passing judgment on the
men. You have placed tbem in this
position to carry out the work. If
they carry out the work and lt doesn't
suit you, remove tbem from tbeir
place at the proper time. The only
good we can do these men is to ask
for clemency.
Del. KAVANAGH—I think the delegatea will recall that Delegate McVety points out it is addressed to the
wrong authorities, and that is mainly
the correction. With regard to the
language, I do not see anything
grossly exaggerated, or very strong
language. These things are true;
these things happen, and because we
say so, we are not using strong language. I am quite in agreement that
it be referred to a special committee
of Delegate McVety and myself. I am
not in favor of the least getting on my
hands and knees and begging. They
know, as well as we do, that we are
begging in the last analysis, but at
least let ub fool ourselves tbat we
are not. I do not see any reason why
we should oalm down or modify any
of tbe language which Is used In this
resolution.
President SIVERTZ—The resolution is that the matter be referred to
a special committee of Delegates McVety and Kavanagh.   Carried.
Secretary read communication from
the I. W. W. hall at Kamloops from
the Construction Workere' union.
Del. MAIDEN moved, which motion
was seconded and carried, that the
communication be received and flled.
Fraternal   Delegates.
President SIVERTZ—The chair
thinks it ts the proper time to listen to
these delegates from the Washington
State Federation. I will ask them ln
order of seniority, the one longest on
the job being the first, and the laet
one the last to quit
CHARLES PERRY TAYLOR, sec-
treas. of State of Washington Federation of Labor, addressed the convention aa follows: Mr. President,
brothers and sisters: Sometimes I
question whether seniority is a benefit. I don't always like to be the first
man to take the platform. When
there is more than one speaker, you
know what the other fellow has to
say, and you see if you can cover any
of the ground he has left untouched,
and my chief officer, Brother Marsh,
has a happy faculty of saying, "Now,
Charlie, rou talk first, and if you fall
down, I will make good." We have
come to you fresh from our own convention. About 200 Yankees met
down there by that harbour on the
Pacific coast. It would be supposed
that I belong to the red necktie brld-
ade, but lt is quite unintentional on
my part, At our convention we had
orange-colored badges, and a little
girl I am very fond of, and who bas
helped me much ln my work, said to
me, "Papa, you are not an Orangeman.   You go right down and get a
green necktie." Tbat got so soiled
while I waB down there, and I picked
up the first one handy to put on, and
it happened to be red, but lt might
bave been any other color. I admire
colors, and I always regret that men
dress in sombre black or grey. To
convince you of that, I am going to
show you that I have on green socks,
with, the label on tbe sock. Our federation began by a voluntary meeting
of seven trade unionists, who decided
tt was time, in 1900, that the labor
movement in that state—then not so
populous as lt is' now—should try and
get into closer affiliation, so that they
might have some combined influence
on the Btate legislature. These seven
men began what was known as the
"Washington State Labor CongresB,
which existed for two years. It was a
voluntary body of trade unionists, who
realised the far-reaching Influence
upon the working people of the lack
of legislation. After two years they
began a branch of the American Fed
eratlon of Labor, and our charter
bears the date of January, 1902, so
that we are now twelve years old as
a state federation, and, Instead of
seven men, we number 19,000 paying
taxes at the rate of 86 cents per year.
We bave over sixty cities, representing 254 local organizations, affiliates,
women's union label leagues, trades
councils, etc., so you can see in fourteen yeara our state organization of
laboring people has grown mightily.
What it has accomplished ln the way
of labor legislation I am going to
leave to our president to deal with.
We have every conceivable kind of
element. We have the radical, the
conservative, the progressive, the visionary, and the mossback, who has
rusted fast to the old ideas, and don't
seem to progress at all;, and we mix
em all together Into what one of our
young membera facetiously terms
trade union hash." We are enabled
to bring tboae whose ideas are visionary down to a more practical level, we
are enabled to stir Into activity some
of those who are so sluggish that they
are of no service to themselves or
anyone else much. We have learned
tbat the men tbat believe ln a cause
will put money Into it, and if they
don't believe In a cause sufficient to
put money Into it, then their faith ln
such a project Is very faint. The trade
federation tbat believes ln tho accomplishment of labor legislation, and
the spread of labor matter, that believes ln organizing ail the working people, whether skilled or unskilled, and who believes that right is
right, and wrong Is wrong, and murder is murder, no matter' who commits the wrong, will make lt possible
to accomplish those things, and will
put up the money, and that class of
man and woman who Ib unwilling to
dig down into their pockets, have
made lots of noise, but done very little
in the way of accomplishment tn this
world's work. If we were ever worth
while lt is because we are willing to
go down into our pockets, and we
must back up our faith by our works,
and give good, hard coin of the realm
under which we live, to the carrying
out of the things we preach and endeavor to practice. Sister Zelgler bas
spoken to you, and I want to say that
you may take it as an Indication of
the good-will that we feel toward you
ln the fact that we have sent to you
as our fraternal delegate the best
loved sister of the labor movement
of tbe State of Washington. In no
other way could we have shown you
how reslrous we^are that the bands
across the imaginary line should be
clasped. She has been the prime
mover in the women's branch, a leader who bas set the example to younger
women. Let me say something about
the interests of womankind. You
have, no doubt, noticed that the wife
spends the greater portion of the
family income. I regret to say my
wife spends elven-tenths of my Income, and I also regret to Bay
when I go to the corner grocer
and ask for a certain brand, a wave of
the band or something of an excuse
nearly always satisfies me. But when
the woman who shares my joys and
sorrows goes there and puts her little
fat fist down on that counter, the
grocer listens. And I find that the
women have better staying qualities
in a fight than the men have, and I
have found that tbe women In ah Industrial struggle have to bear the
brunt of the battle, the same aB ln
warfare. If their powers supplement
ours, we will be Invincible. We believe we should go further than that.
I believe although we should bave
every wage-earner Interested ln
trade Union, and we believe tbat
every union man's wife should belong
to a union, and I believe we should
supplement that by taking the children, Just as young as we can get
them, and teaching them the differ-
erence between the words "union
men" and "scabs." I have an idea
that because I am a Yankee and you
are residents of a dominion, that there
may exist in your minds, as ln my
mind, that, because we live under one
rule on one Bide, and you on another,
tbat somehow we are different.
There is only one rule of judging
human beings, and tbat Is If be be a
true honorable man at heart, or a
sincere, kind and loving woman, It
that is so, I don't care If their skin is
green, yellow or pink, so long aa their
heart is as big as a bushel basket and
pumps good, red blood. This boundary
ilne—I bave never been able to locate
it—but while i was at Sumas a friend
of mine took me down the middle of
the street one day. He said, "I want
you to follow me down the street
about a block.' I had just had a shave
and a shoeshlne, the street was very
dusty and I was spoiling my shoeshlne, so I said, "What Is your
game?" So he Bald, "You have
one foot ln the United States and the
other In Canada; you are straddling
two countries. And I said, "That Is
all right, I am very glad to be ln both
countries at once, but I cannot really
understand which foot falls on one
side or the othsr, what difference does
lt make." And he said, "That's juat
lt, lt does not make any difference, It
Is really only an Imaginary line."
Bach and every business man I have
ever met has wanted to employ cheaper labor, the cheapest he can. He
has always wanted hts competitor
however, to be compelled to take the
dearest labor he can. I am not going
to take up your time this morning. I
wanted to bring to you the fraternal
greetings from the men and women
from the other side of the Imaginary
line, and to say we are trying to be as
best we can to get all tbe working
people organized. I listened with
some Interest to the communication
your secretary read. That organization has spent more time and energy
trying to tear down what others have
built up, and, as I have frequently re
marked, I have more confidence, more
reason for confidence in a course of
action, than ln  the  assertions  that
men make with their mouths; and I
would ratber trust men's deeds than
their words. I would rather trust an
organization by its fruits, as I would
judge a tree by its fruit. I bring to
you, aB I said before, tbe fraternal
greetings and good-will, and I trust
your membership will increase. I sincerely trust that there will always
come the feelings out of your gatherings that makes men and women hotter able to fight the battle ot life. A
great many of us spend our time in
growling at the conditions of life,
without putting out any effort to
change them. In the last analysis the
king or the president receives the
power from the people, and when they
refuse longer to have thoae conditions, they like King Manuel will be
tipped from power. I don't think we
ought to try and throw the responsibility of tbe laws of humanity on to
anyone else but humanity itself. I
thank you very kindly for your attention to my remarks. (Applause).
President MARSH of the Washington State Federation of Labor—Mr.
President, brothers and Bisters: I
think about all that remains for me
to do Ib to pronounce the benediction.
I am glad to have this opportunity of
addressing you. I havj met some of
your men In Washington, and I have
said, "If this is a sample, I want to
get in touch with that movement."
We have had Brothers Pettipiece,
Trotter, McVety and Watchman with
us, I imagine that your problems as
working men are about the same as
ours. I notice you have your unemployment question here, the same as we
have, tbat you have Japs and Oreeks
and Russians working, while your own
people are walking the streets ot
Vancouver. I notice on Vancouver
Island that you have struggles, a duplicate of Michigan, Colorado and Virginia, and I see that it is because the
capltaliat is tbe same. The only difference Is the different forms of government that we adopt, and possibly
our method of solving the difficulties. Down In the state of Washington
we have been very successful, lt is
true, in securing remedial legislation
for the men and women who toil, but
we have secured lt at prices none
should be compelled to pay. We have
gone before legislatures ot business
men, and we have been compelled to
get down on our nanus and knees and
beg from those men what should be
our right because we have not had
sense enough to send our own people,
the men and women who have borne
on tbelr shoulders and person the burdens of inoor, to make the laws under
which they must live day by day. I
have sometimes thought the loggers
down there might hurt the furniture
and the moaalc floors, but despite tbe
Injury to the furniture, if we put some
loggers down there we might get
something ln the way of legislation,
because tbey know. We found, too,
tbat we could give a hearty support to
what the farmers were wanting, and
so we thought we should legislate together, and the legislative league was
formed. The first campaign, we got
on record several of th" best measures
and ln that record we put the roll
call of every member of that legislature, and we circulated tbat record by
tbe hundreds and thousands throughout tbe state of Washington. When
the people knew what their represen
tative or mlsrepresentatlves were doing at the succeeding election some of
those men were elected to stay at
home. In the State ot Washington we
bave a workmen's compensation act, a
compulsory law.   Compensation that
Is not compulsory is not compensation
at all, and you don't want to have anything to do with it.   In tbe two years
tbat this act has been In effect, we
have killed, In the State of Washington, our tribute to industry, 697 men;   i
in that same two years'  period  we
maimed and injured  28,000, In  that
little State of Washington. Those figures ' would never have been obtain-
aole previous to tbe enactment of this
legislation.  Don t have anything to do
with a voluntary act.  vet it.be a com- .<i
pulsory act.   If industry must, malm \
and kill, industry must bear the cost, \
but, if, on the other hand  anybody  \
tells you Washington, has a perfect    V
act, lt Is not bo.   It needs amending;
it is loose In the lack of provision for
first aid.   We are going to make lt
more costly to Industry to malm men
than lt Is to cripple machinery.   It Is
purely a matter of dollars and cents
for the employer.   For the employer
looks upon compensation—and  there
Is no getting away from lt—as a coldblooded Insurance proposition.  Down
ln our state wltb the employer it Is
not a gamble any longer.  In tbe state
of Washington, despite our compensation act, the employers are not safeguarding  their  machinery  as   they
should.    I  contend that the fundamental principle is not ao much  to
compensate as to prevent.    I heard
Governor Hardy of St. Louis put It
very well.  He said tbe wife or mother
of the working man does  not  want
that little $20 or $30 a month, so much
as she wants to see that bread-winner come ln at the door at alx o'clock
with his dinner bucket' on his  arm,
and whistling a tune.  Extend the pre-'
vention rather than tbe compensation,
tbat is what we must strive for.   We
have placed on the statute books of
the state of Washington the eight-
hour law for women.   California followed ln a day or two.     Also  the
minimum wage for women.   We may
place laws upon our statute books until the crack of doom.but unless you are
solidly organized on   the   Industrial
field, your laws are not worth  the
paper they are written on.   Do you
know, friends, I have attended with
some of your boys several Immigration conferences.     They tax all our
ingenuity, yet somewhere in the back
of my bead I hav • a feeling that within the next few short years, the opening of tbe Panama canal will bring ua
Industrial problems, social problems,
to solve, that will put ln tbe background any problems we may have
had ln the past.   It will admit men
and women from other countries who
come to us to rear their families to
better things, where they themselves
under their own vine  and  tig  tree
may spend their declining yeara.   My
heart goes out ln respect to those who
change to another country for the purpose of bettering their conditions, but
these people will come here not to
better themselves, but to be ground
down and exploited by the employers
and exploiters of la <or, as ln the copper mines of Michigan, and tn  the
mining fields of Virginia and Colorado,
worse than in their own lands, unless
we, who are humanity-loving men and
women of the labor  movement,   so
solidly organize tbe people who  are
now here that we will be able to show
a solidarity to these people who come
to our shores.    We have different
Ideas as to what tact's are best to pursue, yet wo can come out of this con-
(Continued on page 7)
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^_± amTSSsa-mai
OFFICIAL PAPER VANCOUVER
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OPffOAL PAPOt 1
umu pnouTMN or urn
SIXTH YEAR.  No. 148.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 6,1914.
THIRTY-TWO PAGES .       C^T) $1.50 PER YEAR
HIGH-GRADE ENGLISH
COMFORTERS
The listing of stock this week unfolded to us
the fact that we have on hand nearly 600
Cfinforters—far too many for so late in the'
season.   The fact that we have had extra mild
weather until now, and that the cold weather is
 —        i     -j
right ahead of us, does not permit us to
break the Company's rule Of cleaning .up
Winter jgoods in Winter, and starting Spring
with new Spring goods; hence this extra
special effort to reduce this stock.
Prices now are at cost and less.
Down ruled Quilt*
Size 5x6 ft., covered with
downproof art sateen covering.   Reg. $4.27 values
now $2.76
Down Filled Quilt*
Of purified down, size 6x6
feet. Made by McLintook
& Sons, Every quilt guaranteed. A nice range of
colorings to choose from.
Regular $12.50 value, for
  $9.65
Down Filled Quilts
Filled with purified down,
size 6x6. Made by McLin-
tock & Sons, the best
manufacturers of quilts
known. Every quilt guaranteed. Regular $8.50 value.   Sale price $5.65
Satin Covered Quilt*
Filled with purified down.
Size 6x6. Regular $16.50
values, for $11.50
Satin covered quilts, size
6x6. Reg. $25, for....$H.OO
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER OF GRANVILLE AND GEORGIA
J. LECKIE CO., LIMITED
SHOE
MANUFACTURERS
We manufacture every kind of
work shoe, and specialize in lines
for miners, railroad construction,
logging, etc.
VANCOUVER   -  -   B.C.
We keep the largest and most
complete line of MEN'S and
LADIES', BOVS', GIRLS' and
CHILDREN'S FOOTWEAR at
prices which cannot be duplicated.
Everything is to be found here.
HENRY D.RAE
Canada'a Snap Specialist
      104 and 108 CORDOVA ST. W.
THE  MAMMOTH BARGAIN SHOE   8TORE   IS  THE   SPOT   POR
GOODS AND EXTRAORDINARY VALUES
THL CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
Capital.. IIMOO.OOO        Rest  112,600,000
Main Office: Corner Hasting* and Granville Streets, Vancouver.
CITY BRANCHES LOCATION
HASTINGS and CAMBIE Cor. Hastings and Cambie Streets.
BAST END .........  Cor. Pender and Main Streets.
COMMERCIAL DRIVE Cor. First Avenue and Commercial Drive.
FAIRVIEW :. Cor. Sixth Avenue and Oranvllle Street.
MOUNT PLEASANT Cpr. Eighth Avenue and Main Street
KIT8ILANO Cor. Fourth Avenue and Yew Street.
POWELL STREET Cor. Vlotoria Drive and Powell Street
SOUTH HILL .Cor. Forty-fourth Avenue and Fraser Road,
Also North Vancouver Branch, cor.   Lonsdale  Ave.  and   Esplanade.
Garland Stoves and Ranges JSSSSSS
——MADE AND USED BY UNION MEN FOR FIFTY YEARS
APPEAL OF ST. Ji
UNIONISTS FOR
!T
Received by Acting Premier
Hon. J. J. Hoy, of
Ontario
Many Important Measures
Sought to Improve Conditions of Workers
(Special Correspondence.)
ST. JOHN, N.B.-Jan. 31.—At the
mass meeting ln Keith's hall In protest
against the alleged unjust treatment
of the miners on Vancouver Island, a
lively session was held. Among the
speakers of the evening were Mrs. L.
M. Currle and Mrs. E. A. Flske, members of the Women's Suffrage Association, who sympathized with the labor
situation in general and casually solicited the support of the labor clasB
should the question of votes for women be put to the ballot at the next
civic election.
The commissioners were crltised by
several speakers, and It was declared
that not one of them was a representative of ttae laborers. E. J. Tlghe announced that there would be a good
labor candidate in the Held at the next
civic election, and he said lt it were
not for the fact that a $200 deposit
waa necessary there would be more
than one working class candidate at
the next general election. James L.
Sugrue, president N. B. Federation of
Labor and St. John T. and L. council,
presided over the meeting, which was
conducted under the auspices of the
Trades and Labor council.
- At the,beginning of the meeting, F.
Hyatt, secretary St. John Trades and
Labor council and preaident Local 810,
I. L. A., gave the history of the struggle of the miners on Vancouver Island
and then moved the following resolution, which was passed unanimously:
"Whereas—Notwithstanding the efforts of the miners' organization to
bring about a peaceful settlement, the
mine operators have refused to meet
the men's union at all times, and
"Whereas—The employment of the
mllltla and special detectives being
unwarranted under the circumstances
of the men ihavlng behaved admirably,
therefore be it
"Resolved—That the meeting of
workers, organized and unorganized,
demand that the dominion government
immediately Investigate the conditions
which led up to the strike, and further that the imprlaoned miners be
released, such savage sentences dealt
out by Justice Howay being unjustifiably; and further
"Resolved—That copies of this resolution be forwarded to Premier Borden, Premier McBride of British Columbia, Hon. C. J. Doherty, minister
of justice, Hon. Mr. Crothers, minis
ter of labor, Hon. J. D. Hazen and Hon
Dr. Pugsley."
The chairman, Jas. L. Sugrue, then
addressed the meeting, and he was
followed by E. J. Tlghe, third vice-
president International Longshoremen
Association. Both spoke at length
concerning the situntion In Vaiymuver
and they referred to labor conditions
locally.
Ths Suffrage Question.
The two women from the Women'a
Suffrage association, were on the platform. Mrs. Currle was called upon
first to speak. She Bald that the women of the association were interested
ln labor matters, and she thought that
In Bome respects, the suffrage association and the labor unions could be
considered together. She talked of
the aims of the association which she
represented, and urged that those
present should lend their support to
give women their rights.
Mrs. E. A. Flske apoke ot the aims
of the association and the great advancement ln women's rights during
the last century. She also referred to
the situation in Vancouver Island and
lamented the fact that the labor population was not properly represented.
F. Franklin, a member of the local
socialist party, was -given the platform, he stated that he had lived ln
Vancouver, and Bald that the workers
had no conception of the conditions
that prevailed on Vancouver Island,
and that the capitalists of Western
Canada were the real thing and not
little tin pot articles that were seen
In Eastern Canada. He further stated
that the workerB on tho Island had
committed a great crime in sending
to the legislature working class representatives and for this the workers
were being flung Into jail so that they
would ' be disfranchised and fail to
elect such candidate at the next elections.
It was after this that Mr. Tlghe announced that there would be a labor
candidate in the Held for commissioner
at the next election. He urged the
labor people to keep together and support the candidate selected by the
Trades and Labor council. "It Is only
by organization," he said, that we can
have our say." He said also that the
people should oppose tlie $200 deposit,
as lt put the laboring class at a great
disadvantage.
Others spoke briefly, and the meeting adjourned about 10:45 o'clock. Before adjournment, however, a silver
collection was taken up to defray the
expense of hiring the theatre. It was
announced that similar protest meetings would be held later.
MISS H. I. QUTTERIDQE
Elected as Fraternal Delegate by the B.C.
Federation   of   Labor   to   Washington
State Federation of Labor convention
next year.
BARBERS' DELEGATE8 REPORT.
Organizer J. C. Shaughneasy Reviews
the Activities of the Union.
The Barbers, at their last meeting,
listened to a partial report of C. F.
Burkhart and J. D. Henry; the delegates to tbe B. C. Federation of Labor
convention. The secretary reported
business as very slack, and that he
had been forced to withdraw the card
from the St. Regis barber shop. A
communication was received from international headquarters informing the
union of the death of a former member
John Campbell. While In New Westminister, C. F. Burkhart visited the
local on Wednesday evening and Installed the newly, elected officers.
A communication from General Organizer, J. C. ShaughneBBy was read,
reviewing the activities ot the organization] for the past year. One paragraph is well worth the- perusal of
every unionist, and is here ln full:
"Start the new year by attending your
meetings regularly and enforcing and
living up to the laws ot the international and your local by-laws as well;
see that your finance committee properly performs its duty each month;
insist that your delegates attend the
meetings of your tradeB and labor
council; appoint a publicity committee,
whose duty lt shall be to go before
the labor unions with the union shop
card, appealing to the membera of organized labor to only patronize shops
which display our card and to aid ub
in organizing the unorganized; support your labor press; advertise a facsimile ot our shop card In same, and
show the labor press that the barbers
appreciate their labors In behalf of
trades unionism."
The meeting adjourned at 9:30, thus
doing away with one of the objections
to attending—protracted sessions.
'The Kodak House"
KODAKS and PHOTO
SUPPLIES
Developing, Printing, Enlarging
Pictures and Picture Framing
BISHOP & CHRISTIE
421 GRANVILLE ST.
E. P. MARSH
President of Washington State Federation of Labor, who along with P. W.
Dowler and Sec-treas. c. P. Taylor,
paid a fraternal visit to the fourth annual convention of the B, C. F. of L.
at New Westminster last week.       <
BRICKLAYERS
Delegate to Houston, Tex., International Convention Returns
President James Haslett, of the local bricklayers' union, has just returned from the big convention of the
Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers'
International union,' recently held at
Houston, Teifas. Delegate Haslett
Bald It was the largest and beBt gathering the craft ever held. There were
376 delegates present and the sessions
took up two weeks' time. Among the
Important Items of business transacted
was the empowering of the executive
committee to enter into agreements
with the basic building trades. The
scheme of old-age pensions was adopted for all members over 60 years of
age. The convention voted $600 to
aid the Western Federation of Miners in its strike now going on in the
state of Michigan. The proposition to
co-operate with other international
unions to establish a national bank
at Indianapolis, Ind., was also favorably considered. Tils was because
of the attitude of the bankers during
the recent Btrike ln that city The
next convention will be held at Toronto, Ont., In 1916.
TRADES AND LABOR
AT
Mass Meeting Passes Beso
lution re Vancouver
Island Minera
Members of Women's Suf
frage Address the
Large Gathering
Amalgamated Carpenters
The District Council of the Amalgamated Carpenters met Monday night
and listened to a lengthy report from
Its delegates to the British Columbia
Federation of Labor convention. The
business agent reported trade as very
quiet, but that he had received eight
applications for  membership  during
! I?8.. week' Th0 "Preaalon was
voiced it was desired that all carpenters attend the mass meeting called
for February 12. •
. .W!"!2.m Sintdn. a member of Elec-
trfcal Workers No. 621, had the mis-
_*m t0 '*>« las' week and fracture
The regular election of officers will
take place at the next meeting of the
Building TradeB council. All SSlegati
are requested to be present    °"*8****-B
TORONTO Ont., Feb. 2.—President
Watters, Vice-President Bancroft, Secretary Draper, Executive Member
Watt and other representatlvea ot the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
waited on Acting Premier, Hon. J. J.
Hoy, when the resolutions passed at
the laet meeting of the congress in
Montreal, were presented. The chief
legislative points laid before tbe provincial government aa embodied In the
resolutions were:
Street Railway 8ervlce.
That the executive committees of
the various provinces seek legislation
providing for the sufficient Heating of
vestibules on all atreet and electric
cars.
That legislation be enacted In every
province making lt compulsory for
street and electric railway companies
to put every applicant for the position
of motorman or conductor through &
period of thirty (30) days training and
that ln the case of motormen one (1)
week at leaat of said thirty (30) days
shall be occupied in the motor shops
under competent Instruction In the
more Important electrical and mechanical parts of the motor car, and further, that It be an instruction to the
provincial executives of this congress
to make urgent demand for legislation
along the lines Indicated ln their respective provinces.
That the dangerous running board
on street cars be abolished.
Employers of labor in factories and
workshops to furnish a suitable room
or rooms to be clean and sanitary.
Concurred in Resolution No. 93.
That the law-making bodies of the
Dominion of Canada and of the eeveral
provinces be petitioned to amend the
Elections Acts to establish election day
as a general holiday.
Make Condltlona Sanitary.
Sanitary protection to barbers and
the public who patronize the barber
shop and that barbers be placed under
a license system whereby proofs ol
their experience and competency muat
be submitted before license la obtain-
ed.
A law that will effectively prevent
the. unsanitary and dangerous practice
of using new wall paper upon old and
unsanitary walls in redecorating
buildings.
That the Dominion and provincial
executives of this congress be Instructed to obtain the enactment of
dominion and provincial legislation
which will establish the eight-hour
day.
Improve Farm Conditions
Improved farms under the control
ot tbe federal and provincial governments with a lengthy time to pay
for same as an Inducement to develop
the country and stop the rush of the
workers to the cities' already overcrowded labor market.
More Inspectors Wanted.
That this congress hereby deplores
the apathetic attitude shown by the
provincial governments towards the
enforcement of the act governing the
inspection (by competent men) of
scaffolds on buildings during repairs;
and be lt further resolved, that the
provincial executives of the various
provinces throughout the dominion
do all they possibly can to further
the enforcement of the same and the
appointment ot the necessary number
of inspectors.
That the law should be amended in
respect to having licensed engineers
ln charge of all stationary boilers over
50-h.p. capacity and heating plants
over 20 lbs. on similar lines to those
of Western provinces.
Competent Bartenders.
As the governments of the provinces
demand an- annual license fee for the
privilege of all bartenders earning a
living; be tt resolved that a standard
of qualification of one year's service
and that character reference be independent of liquor Interests, all
licenses to go before regular license
board, applicant to appear In person
same as license holder before same
granted and that this Tradea and
Labor Congress requests Its provincial
executives to take this matter up with
the different provincial governments
and endeavor to cause adequate legls
lation whereby the competent bartender Is given some protection.
That all employers of labor be compelled to pay their employes at least
twice a month.
Hon. Mr. Hoy replied at length to
the deputation's requests. He sold
that th'e executive would not be able
to do much until the recovery of Sir
James Whitney, who was at present
very 111, But It was the government's
Intention to take up all these questions very shortly, when an official
reply would be forwarded to Mr. Watters at Ottawa.
Removal Announcement
CENTER&HANNA,Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service, After December
6, 1913, at 1049 Georgia Street,
one block west of Court House.
Useof Modern Chapel andFun era 1
Parlors free to all patrons
The   Central   Hotel
H. Freeman, Manager
European Plan Telephone  705
Ratea SOc. per day and upwards.
Cuisine unexcelled. A la carte
meals at all houra. Opp. B. C. K.
Railway Depot Columbia St.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
DAVID SPENCIR, LTft
Fill Bedding Requirements
at the Spencer Sale Prices
We believe these values are unequalled in all
Vancouver
COMFORTERS
COTTON PILLED with art muslin and cambric coverinfa:
60x72 Inches—96c. each and up. >
66x72 Inches—11.26 each and up.
72x72 inches—11.60,12.26,13.26,13.99 each.
DOWN PILLED, covered ln sateen, with plain paneled ber
ders, sizes 72x72 Inches Bach 16.76, 17.60 and tUO
DOWN PILLED, with satin front and sateen back, In large
'fee    210.76, 11*2.96,113.96, 114.96 and 212.50
WHITE HONEYCOMB QUILTS-Slie 72x90. Regular 21.76.
B<«* 21.26
WHITE SATIN MARCELLA QUILTS—Size 74x96. Regular
62.26, for  .,,,, |i,,g
WHITE COTTON SHEETING—68 Inchei In width. Regular
80o, for '.- ,,., 28*.
WHITE   COTTON   SHEETS—Hemmed   ready   tor   use.—
Sixe 2x2U yards, pair.. r $1.40, $1.78 and 21M
Slse 2'/Ax2y, yards, pair.' «1.7B, 22.00, 22.60
. PILLOW CASES—Hemstitched  and plain, In  all slsea at,
.     dMen     31.90, 22.26, $2.70
BUY BLANKETS AT THESE PRICES
White Wool Blankets, slse 66x76.
White Wool Blankets, size 60x80,
White Wool Blankets, size 64x84.
White Wool Blankets, alze 60x80.
Grey Wool Blankets, alze 66x76.
Grey Wool Blankets, alze 68x78.
Grey Wool Blankets, alze 60x80.
Grey Wool Blankets, else 68x78.
Grey Wool Blankets, alze 80x80.
Grey Wool Blankets, size 64x84.
1
David Spencer Limited
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
.TO.
i"
Heintzman&Co.
PIANOS and
Player-Pianos
A Canadian Instrument built by
Canadian labor
SOLD ON REASONABLE TERMS
BY
WALTER F. EVANS & CO.
526 Hastings Street West
Stanfield's Underwear
Blue Label, Suit $3.00     Red Label, Suit $2.50
Red Label Combination, Suit $3.00
Headlight Overalls ol all litds
DR. REED'S CUSHION
SOLE SHOES, $6.00
W. B. Brummitt
18-20 Cordon St., Weit
US-CUSHION
CC.iPRESSESUWER
TOM
f-CUSHION jwtcrts Ar.or"*
Mackay Smith, Blair & Co.
UMITED
WHOLESALE
MEN'S FURNISHINGS AND
DRYGOODS
206 Cambie Street VANCOUVER, B. C.
Dressing Robes and House Coats
We are showing a beautiful line of Houae Coats In Wool, 611k and Velvet;
alao Dressing Robes In Wool.   All alxei from 34 to 41,
PRICES OF  HOUSE COATS RANGE  FROM 15.00 to 122.60
DRESSING ROBES FROM 17 to 123
Theae make handsome Chrlatmai gifts for Husband, Son or Frlendi,
Call and Inspect our stook.   By paying a deposit we will lay one aside for
you for a reasonable length of time.
CLUBB & STEWART, Ltd.
T.I. 8ey. 702
■ -•IB HASTINGS STREIT W.
STOVES and RANGES
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleasant headquarters (or Carpenters' Tools and ill
kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
W.R. OWEN & MORRISON
Phone Fair. 447.
2337 Main Street $»AGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY FEBRUARY «, 1914.
THE
MOLSONS
BANK
Incorporated 1855
Capital and Reserve,
$8,700,000
65 Branches in Canada
A General Banting Business
.    .      Transacted
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
At All Branches.   Interest Allowed at Highest Current Rate.
,     East End Branch
150 HASTINGS ST. EAST
A. W. Jarvis, Manager.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 12(9
Paid-up Capital
Reaerve
Total Assets • •
- - V 11,500,00
• 12300,000
. ■ 180,000,000
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DE.
POSIT8 IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
bualneaa will be welcome be It large or
email
FOURTEEN  BRANCHES )H
VANCOUVER
THE
mCOINMATED
125S
BANK OF
TORONTO
|   Capital and Reaerve 211,172,671
JOINT SAVINGS
ACCOUNTS
In the BANK OF TORONTO
ara proving to be a great convenience to many of our
friends. With these accounts
either of two persons of the
household may deposit or withdraw money. lntereat la paid
on all balances twice a year.
In event of death of either
party the survivor may withdraw the money.
Main Office—
452 HASTIN08 ST. WEST
(Near Rleharda)
Branches—
Cor. Haatinga and Carrall Sts.
New Westmlnater
Victoria
Herrltt
Credit Foncier
FRANCO-CANADIAN
MONEY   TO   LOAN   ON   IMPROVED    CITY    PROPERTY.
NO BROKERAGE.
£pply at Company's Office
827 HA8TINOS ST. WE8T,
VANCOUVER, B.C.
4M RICHARDS STREIT
Phones Ber. UM-fMi
Loans Without
INTEREST
BT THE CONTRACT PLAN
!.S.0O psr month   -   11,000 Loan
1! 00 per month    -   12,000 Loan
11.00 psr month   •   11,000 Loan
For   ths.   purpose   of   Building
Homes,  Paying off Mortgages or
Improving Real Estate.
Repayments $11.60 per month on
each 11,000, without Interest
MAIL THIS AD FOR FULL
INFORMATION
none Seymour S7S0
DIXON _ MURRAY
OABramns, ho.
OSes aaa Mors ntting,
Jobbing
onoo aad Shop i
10W DVaiKUIB 1TSIB*
Perion A Chapel
2308 Gren.nl. St.
Der&NlthtCelb
Phone Ber. 943
MACK BROS.
FUNERAL DIRECTORS and
EMBALMERS
Vancouver British Columbia
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday mornlag by tee
B. 0. redert«o«l««, LtZ
R. Parm. Pettlplece •
Manager
DIRECTORS: Ju. Campbell preeldent;
Christian Siverts, vice-president: J.
Kavanagh: J. H. McVety. secretary-
treasurer, and R. P. Pettlplece.
Offlce: Boom 817. Labor Temple.
TeL Bxobeago Bey. T4M.
Advertising Manager
M. C. Shrader
Subscription- tl .BO per year; ln Vancouver
City. $1.00: to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00.
'Unity of Kabor; She hope of the world."
FRIDAY FEBRUARY 6, 1914.
A FORGOTTEN WEAPON.
The social, political and industrial
struggles, uprisings and revolutions engaged in by the working
people all through the course of civilized history and which extends back
as far as man can decipher the misty
records of himself in the dead and
forgotten languages of antiquity contains many a chapter of hellish and
intolerable misery heaped upon a
conquered and submissive working
people ' by their cruel and arrogant
masters who exploited their labor,
crushed their uprisings and aspirations and secured themselves against
their political and industrial ambi
tions behind the military and aristocratic states, empires and republics
of Rome, Greece, Egypt, Babylon, etc.
That the ridiculous and monstrous
pagan religions of that ancient civil'
ization was also a powerful factor in
ruling-class control of its ignorant
and superstitious slaves is now being
recognized and admitted by the best
scholars who are examining the social peculiarities of those ages. And
that the pagan superstitious fear of
the God-monster survice in many ot
the present-day versions of the so-
called Christian religions is patent to
anyone who is at all familiar with'
their doctrines. However, a history
and analysis of religions is not the
purpose of this article, and' we will
only call attention in passing that
Ward in his wonderful work, "The
Ancient Lowly," claims that the pure,
sweet and revolutionary doctrines of
the workingclass leader, Christ, are
hidden and perverted amid the surviving pagan rites and doctrines by
our anti-Christian churches and religions.
We have a custom now-a-days of
referring to feudal times in Europe as
"the dark ages," but from a working-
class standpoint this is a misnomer
because since the very dawn of civilization to the present day all ages
have been very gloomy indeed with
tyranny and slavery, which gloom can
only be contrasted with periods of
total darkness. The histories of agelong slaveries and cruelties are broken
also by armed uprisings by the oppressed when the masters learned
with terror arid astonishment "how
much the wretched dared." Whole
governments and civilizations have
paid a quick and terrible penalty to
the ferocious vengeance of a victorious slave population, who. in time
again fell under the yoke of slavery
and fed' the hate of their masters
through more ages of blood and misery, One of the greatest instances
of this kind was the slave insurrection headed by the gladiator Sparticus
about 70 B. C. As the history of this
working-class revolt has been written
by its enemies the masters, its details
are very meagre, but enough is known
to show that Sparticus who escaped
from a gladiator school, defeated first
a posse, then a detachment of soldiery, then an army and then legions
of the best troops of Imperial Rome
and raged up and down the entire
length of Italy with his warriors,
who were recruited from the runaway slaves who flocked to him for
refuge. \
So maliciously have these facts and
happenings been kept from the knowledge of modern workers that few indeed have any knowledge of them or
more recent happenings of a similar
nature in the history of their own nation. The courageous uprisings of
the English working class under Jack
Cade and Wat Tyler are perverted
and sneered at in school histories,
and drowned out of memory by a recitation of the religious fanaticism, innumerable butcheries, cold-blooded
murders by kings and princes, and the
dreary ages of oppression by
treacherous ruling class, which our
educationalists assure us make British history glorious.
But to get to the point of this ar-
tide. It may have been an echo of
Wat Tyler's times that gave Jacob S.
Coxey, of Massillon, Ohio, the notion
for his campaign in the United States
during the industrial depression of
1893, but at any rate he hit upon an
expedient in working-class warfare,
which whether we class it as social,
political or military in its nature or
all three together, at any rate it shook
a more threatening fist at a rotten industrial system than in our opinion
has threatened it since. Setting out
at a time when every city,, town and
public highway was swarming with
unemployed, hungry and desperate
men he announced he would lead
100,000 men to Washington to pcti
tion the government to issue non-in,-
tcrcst bearing bonds for the starting
of public works for the employment
of the out-of-works. Simultaneously
other men started to form "armies"
at other points in the United States,
north, south, east and west, to march
to Washington to join him, These
"armies" while for the most part un
armed, were nevertheless formidable
for they contained men skilled in all
branches of industry and who by concerted action could do things that reg
ular armies could not Detachments
of them took possession of trains
on the main lines of railways and running them themselves, forced the
railways to give them right-of-way.
Their numbers were beyond the power of the police to cope with and in-'
deed they had the sympathy of most
police and many of the town and city
authorities through which they
passed. As a rule a city would have
food and sleeping accommodation
ready for them when they arrived and
by this means avoided the danger' of
the city being sacked. If the industrial magnates and political administrators of the United States had
not made immediate efforts to deal
with the unemployed situation and
thereby head off further attempts
along this line, it is a question if this
"petition to Congress" had not developed into a working-class revolution
with dire consequences to the interests of the industrial masters.
Today as in 1893 the capitalist in
dustrics of the United States and Canada are cloyed with an overplus, of
wealth produced by a too industrious
working-class,' and for which there is
no sale because the workers have no
wages to buy that which they have
produced. This is the inherent contradiction of capitalist production that
is destined in time to replace it with
something more in conformity with
human needs. Whether the condition of unemployment has reached the
stage it did in 1893 or not is a question, but it were well for the idle and
needy workers to remember that
when their numbers and.needs reach
too desperate a point a "petition to
Washington" or a "petition to Ottawa" if carried along by a united army
of the victims of capitalist society, is
as strong a weapon as the trade union
or the vote,- stronger perhaps because
when the hosts of Labor thunder on
the gates of capitols of the state, they
will have to be answered in a different way than by dodging and hedging and promising. Here is a forgotten weapon well worthy of being
used again.
The same tendency, it seems, would
work out very well in warfare. Could
not something, for instance, be done
with the dead soldier? Here is a
lot of extremely raw material that
the great investors have been overlooking. Instead of throwing it into
trenches and destroying it with quicklime, or leaving it to scavenger birds
and beasts, it might easily be made
up' into something that would sell.
Glue, fertilizer, knife handles, all
kinds of things are possible.
The profits would be great too.
Live soldiers are cheap, and are made
into dead ones very rapidly through
advancement of labor-saving methods- of killing. Of course, it might be
objected that such a prospect might
deter the average man from becoming a recruit. Not at all. A man
who would offer up his living organism for the commercial glory of eminent non-combatants would surely
not object to having lustre added to
that glory by the utilization of his
cold corpse.
This profitable field is humbly commended to those great men already
commercially interested in the promotion of war. Here is a chance for
a more fervent appeal to patriotism
than ever. Not only can a man be
martyr ,to "his country's" cause,
but he can pay dividends on the privilege.   Let nothing go to waste.
BUSINESS  AGENT   DIRECTORY
Ask for Lsbor Temple 'Phone Exchange,
Seymour 7495 (unless otherwlee stated).
Amalgamated Society Carpenters—Room
101: Wm. Currle.
Bartenders— Room 208: Oeo. W. Curnock.
B.  C. Federatlonist—Room  $17;  R. P,
Pettlplece.
Bridge and Structural Iron Workers—W.
L. Yule, Room $08.
Brotherhood   of   Carpenters—Room   804
and 106; W. Leonard. ""   ,
Bricklayers—Room  215;  Wm.  8.  Dagnall.
Bakers—Room 220.
Barbers—Room  208;   C.   F.   Burkhart;
phone Sey. 1776.
Hod Carriers, Bulldere and Common Laborers—Room 220: John Sully,
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Room $0$;
W. E. Walker; Tel. Seymour $414.
Electrical    Workere     (outside)—Room
"07: W. F. nnnn.
Electrical  Workera  (Inside)—Room $07;
F. L. Eetlnghausen.
Engineers     (Steam)—Room    21$;    Ed.
Prendergaat ,
Labor Temple  Co.—Room  $11;  3.    H.
McVety.
Longshoremen's    Association  — Offlee,
146 Alexander street; Oeorge Thomaa;
Tel. Seymour $$60.  '
Movlnx Picture Operators—O. R. Hamll.
ton.  Room  100, Loo Bldg.    Tel. Sey.
8046.
Musicians—H. .1. Brasfleld, rooms 29 ...
. Williams Building, 413 Oranvllle Street.
Plasterers—Joe    Hampton;    Tel.    Seymour 1614.
Plumbers—Room  $18; Melvln    Engolf;
Tel. Sevmonr $611.
Street    Railway    Employees—Fred,    A,
Hoover,
Trades and Labor Council—Room 210
J. W. Wilkinson.
Typographical—Rooms 11$,    11$,    $14
ft. H. Neelande.
Western   Federation of Minera—Room
217.
B.C. UNION DIRECTORY
CARDS INSERTED     u    ,11.00 JfrMONTH	
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—
Meets ln annual convention In January. Executive offlcen, 1914-15: President. A. Watchman; vice-presidents, W.
P. Punn, H. J, McEwen, Oeo. Hardy, J.
W. Gray, H. Kundson, J. J. Taylor, B.
Simmons. Secretary- treasurer, A. 8.
Wells, Maywood P. 0„ VlctoMa, B. ti
TRAHES AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meets first and third Thursday*-;.
Executive board: W. Foxcroft, president! Jas. H. McVety, vice-president: J.
W. Wilkinson, general secretary, Room
210 Labor Temple;. Jas. Campbell, treasurer; Miss Brisbane, statistician; John
Sully, sergeant-at-arms; O. W. Curnock,
W. R. Trotter and H. McEwen, trustees.
LABOR   TEMPLE   COMPANY,   LTD.—
Directors:    Fred A.  Hoover. J.  H.
MoVety^ James Brown, Edward Lothian,
OBW VOiy,   WH1I4DB    ofvnii,    Cunsnu   UUI1I1SII,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece. John McMillan, Murdock McKensle, F. Blumberc, H.H. Free Msnar
ALLIED PRINTING   TRADES   COUN-
CIL—Meets Snd Monday In month.
President, Geo. Mowat; secretary, F. R.
Fleming;. PP. Box II.
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR.
penters and Joiners—Room ft*.
Sev. 2901. Business agent J. A. Key;
offlce hours, 8 to t a.m. .and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee.
.Ta*, Bltcon, 873 Hornby street. Branchm
meet every Tuesday and Wednesday In
Room 302.
BROTHERHOOD' OFCARPENTERS
and Joiners, Local No. 117—Meets
Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive
committee meets every Friday, 8 p.m:
President, Ed. Meek,- recording secretary,
J. Schurman, 305 Labor Temple; financial secretary, J. G. Porter, 305 Labor
Temple.
THE CULPRITS ARE KNOWN.
The premier says that the death of
Joseph Mairs is to be "rigidly investigated." What a relief! It was
thought at first that the government
was going to place the responsibility
where it belonged, and the Tory machine nearly creaked with alarm.
Joseph Mairs was sent by Judge
Howay to assist in the heavy work of
raising the value of Burnaby real estate. He, with several other lads (all
mere boys), had been arrested for
wanting to see what was going on
during the brisk events around Extension last August. That was not the
charge, but-it was the offense. Some
of the young men, one of whom was
Parker Williams' son, stood trial and
were acquitted. Mairs was induced to
plead guilty on the understanding
that he would be released.
This was Howay's opportunity. The
aristocratic inflation, common to
crude and vulgar intellects in authority, caused him to swell up until he
was nearly as good an imitation of
"Law and Order" as the Burnaby
goal is bf a human habitation., He
had a common working man in his
power. The low person was not in
the Ladysmith social set. To let
him go would not likely please the
poor little "better clawss," nor display the grim rigor of the law. Therefore a-year of half-starvation and
land-clearing in Burnaby would set
matters right.
Then the bladder collapsed. A
faint pin-point of decency (not from
within, however) let the aristocratic
gas escape, and the erstwhile noble
judge crawled into the public press
with a whining apology. For all his
limited understanding, he knew that
the boy was innocent of wrong-doing, even as the writer knew it. Even
as anyone knows it who ever saw and
spoke with these lads.
It is fitting that Sir Richard should
stand sponsor for Howay. It is also
fitting that he should decide to in
vestigate the prison farm where the
killing was merely completed. It
places matters in their proper perspective. It shows that the premier heartily endorses the most villainous outrages that ever blackened the history
of this country. But it also shows
that he is no leader. If he cannot
realize that henceforth his oily platitudes will nauseate the decent voters
of this province, then his vision is
indeed restricted.
Parker Williams should be backed
up by all workingmen in British Columbia. He, is a fighter, and he
makes McBride put on an assumption of righteous indignation to add
variety to his empty denials. It is
not possible to do a great deal, but
organizations of workers could pass
resolutions supporting Williams.1
It may not be realized, hut it is a
live question right now whether or
not B. C. shall be ruled by an upstart
aristocracy of wealth, which will accord to the workers absolutely no
rights whatever. The leader of the
opposition represents the side of the
working class in this struggle, McBride the other, The workers who
support McBride must surely do so
through blank ignorance.
Typo. Conference .
The Monthly Bulletin of the Northwestern Typographical conference,
issued January 15, reports that Victoria is now a member of that body,
Reports from various cities in the
conference show that work is very
slack and there is little prospect of
improvement. Speaking of the next
vention of the conference, Philo
Howard, secretary-treasurer, writes: I
"There is a 'misunderstanding on
the part of a couple of unions affiliated with us to'to when the next I
convention of the Conference is to be
held. Last February we sent out four
propositions for a referendum vote,
[•one of them was as follows:    •
"'Proposition 4. "Resolved that the
Northwestern Typographical conference, meet the second Monday in
April each year," Should this resolution be approved, it will mean that
the conference will meet at a different time and place than the Washington State Federation of Labor. This
proposition was carried by a vote of
245 for to 52 against. The convention of the conference which sent
this proposition to a vote made provision to meet in Portland, Ore., in
case the referendum acted upon it
favorably. Consequently the next
convention of the Conference will be
held in Portland, Ore.,- the second
Monday in April.- This information
was published in the April Bulletin,
1013. There will be a meeting of the
executive committee of the conference in Raymond, probably on Monday, January 19, and all printer delegates are requested to attend same."
TRADE  UNION  DIRECTORY
Allied   Printing. Tradea  Council-*-. R.
Fleming, P. 0._Box 61.
Anmlganiated     Carpenters—Jas.
.Room 209, Labor Temple.
Bltcon
_  rempie.
Rogers,   Room 820, Labor
LABOR FAVORS WOMEN.
The San Francisco Labor council,
through Delegate Paul Scharrenburg,
were the movers ln a resolution unanimously passed vouching for the excellent results to the state of California, that have followed upon the
granting of the ballot to women, reaffirming, with Increased emphasis, the
belief of the American Federation of
Labor In the fundamental right of women to the ballot. Life and Labor
says: "Not only did Justice and faff
dealing demand that women, and especially wage-earning women be given
the same voting powers, as are accorded to men as a means pf self-
protection , and advancement, but
unionists are more and more recognizing the desirability of rigorously
and persistently,, promoting this great
cause, to the end that It shall soon
become a universally established principle, in order that the women may be
enabled to lend' their valuable assistance to tbe forces striving for humane
legislation and social Justice,"
Bakers—W.
Temple.
Barbers—C. F, Burkhart Room 801, Labor Temple,    -
Bartenders—Oeo.   W.   Curnoch,   Room
80S, Labor Temple.
B. C. Federation of Labor—Room 301;
V. R. Mldgley. Box 1044.
Blacksmiths — Malcolm    Porter,    View
Hill P. O.
Bookbinders—Geo. Mowat, 511  Dunlevy
■ venue.
Boilermaker--*.—a. Fraser, 11B1 Howe Bt.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Room
215. Labor Temple, *
Brotherhood   of   Carpenter*—A.   Paine,
Rooms 804-805, Labor Temple.
Hod Carriers, Builders and Common Laborers—John Bully, Room 220, Labor
Temple.
Clffarmakers-^Robt. J. Craig, care Hurts
Cigar Factory, 72 Water Btreet
Cooks.   Walters,   Waitresses —- W,   &
Walker, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Elevator Constructors—
Rlcctrlcal    Workers    foutftlde)—W.   F.
Dunn, Room 207. Labor Temple,
electrical   Workers  (Inside)—Room 207;
F. L. Estinghausen.
Engineers—E.  Prendergaat,  Room   811,
Labor Temple,
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia Hotel.
Garment   Workers—Miss   McBae,   Labor
Temple.    *
Qla«wworkers—Charles   Roberts,   Labor
Temnle.
Groundmen's Union (I. B. D. W,)~•
Horseshoers — A.  C.   MacArthur,  City
%Hel«hts. B.C,
Lettercarrlers—Robt. Wight, District 82.
Lathers—Victor R Mldgley. Box 1044.
Loco.   Firemen   snd   Engineers-—James
Patrick, 1182 Homer street.
Loco,   Engineers—A.  E,   Bolloway,  1088
Pacific.   Tel. Bey. 8871L.
Longshoremen-—Oeo.   Thomas, 141 Alexander Street.
Machinist*—J. H. McVety,   Room   211,
Labor Temple.
Miner", W. F. of M.—R. P. Pettlplece,
Room 217, Labor Temple, I
Musicians—H. J. Brasfleld. Room 5, 140
Rohxon Street.,
Marbleworkers—Frank Halt, Janes Road,
B. C.
Molders—D. Brown, 842 Broadway West
Moving Picture Operators—A. O. Hansen, Room 100, Loo Building.
Photo   Engravers—A.   Kraft.   Dominion
Engraving Co., Empire Block.
Painters—W. J; Nagle, Room 208, Labor
Temple,
Plumbers—Room 212 Labor Temple,
Pressmen—P. D. Edward, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—John   James  Cornish,   1808
Eleventh Ave. East.
Pattern Makers—Tom Smith, 148 Broadway west.
Quarry Workers—James Hepburn, care
Columbia Hotel.
Railway Conductors—O. W. Hatch, Til
Beatty street
Railroad Trainmen—A.   E.   McCorvllle,
Box* 248.
Railway Carmen—A. Robb,   420  Nelson
Street
leamen's Union—Cor. Main and Hastings.
Stage  Employees—C.  Martin,  care Or-
nhenm theatre.
Structural  Iron  Workers—W.   L.   Yule,
Room 208, Labor Temple,
bton ---cutters—James Rayburn, P. O. Box
1047.
Sheet Metal Workers—H, C. Dougan, No.
5, Fifteenth Ave. West
Street Railway Employees—A. V. Loft*
Ing. 2038 Trinity Street
Stereotypers—W. Bayley, care Province,
City.
Telegraphers—E. B. Peppln, Box 482.
Trades and Lahor Council—,T. W. Wilkinson, Room 210. Labor Temple.
Tvnngranhlcsl—H.  Npelsnds   Box 88.
Tailors—C. McDonald, Box 508.
Theatrical    Stage    Employees—Gordon
. Martin. 857, Prior street
Tllelayers and Helpers—
Uphold ter ers—A. Duthle, 1088 Homer
RAw-Fno*
AND CONFECTIONERS LOCAL No. 48—Meets second and fourth Saturdays. 7. SO p.m. President,
H. G. Leeworthy; corresponding secretary, R. J.
Adams; business agent, J.
Black. Room 220, Labor
Temple.
BARBERS'   LOT AT*.   NO-180—MWETO
mwftnd snd foiirtb ^Tbnmdavs   S-ltfl
p.m. President, J. W. Green; recorder, C.
E. Herrltt; secretary-business agent, C.
F. Burkhart, Room  208.  Labor Temple.
Hours: 111 to 1; 8 to 7 p.m.	
RARTEVPFRS-   LOPAI.  NO, ■ «Ti.^-Or.
flee Room 80S Labor Tempi*, Meets
flrst Sunday of •sen month VrantAnnt
F. F. Lavlgne; flnanclal secretary, Geo.
W. Curnock, Room 208, Labor Temple.
ORTPOrc AND STRITflTTRAL 'RON
WORKERS* International UnPMt,
f.ocal "7—Meets second and fourth. •Fri-
lay. Labor Temple, 8 p.m. "resident
r A fleelev; seewtarv." A. W Oakley
TM Semlln Drive, phnne Sev. Ol.
RRTOWLATERB' AND MASON*'. NA 1
—Meets everv Tuesday, 8 p.m., Ronr-
107. President. Jamea Haslett: rnri»a-
nnndlng seoretary. W 8. Oaamall, Rot
88: flnanclal secretary, F R. Brown,
business agent W. ft, Daarall. Room
218.
■B'nrtTr-RTvr*tii"BBi' T.OTAT, UNTON NO
105—Meets third Tueaday In every
month, In Room 206, Labor Temple.
President, F. J. Milne; vice-president, IT.
Perry* secretary, George Mowat, 616
Dunlevy avenue.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
Union, Local No. 145, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 841
Robson street President, J. Bowyer;
vice-president F. English; secretary,
H. J..Brasfleld; treasurer, W. Fowler.
OPERATIVE PLASTERERS' INTER-
, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION. No. II—
Meats first and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. President, G. Dean; corresponding secretary, F, Sumpter; financial secretary, D. Scott; treaaurer, I. Tyson; business agent, Jos Hampton. Phone
gey. 411.4.  *	
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF
NORTH AMERICA.—Vancouver aad
vicinity, Branoh meets 1st and Ird Fridays at Labor Temple, Dunsmuir aad
Homer st, room 205. Robert C Sampson, Pres., 747 Dunlevy ave.: Joseph 0.
Lyon, Fin. Sec., 1721' Grant st; Tom
Smith, Rec. See., 848 Broadway west
STONECUTTERS', VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets eecond Tuesday, 8:01
p.m. President J, Marshall; corresponding secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
flnanclal secretary, K. McKensle.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANGERS' AND
Decorators', Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7.20 p.m. President Skene
Thomson; flnanolal secretary, J. Freckelton, 111 Seymour street; recording seoretary, George Powell, 1650 Fourth ave.
west.
HThJI-t iTVl'KRff AND BLECTROTYP-
' ers' Union, No. 88, of Vancouver
and Victoria—Meets second Wednesday
of each month, 4 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, Chas. Bayley; recording seoretary, Chris Homewood, 841 18th Ave.
East	
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division No, 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2 p.m., and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President
Adam Taylor; recording secretary.
Albert V. Lofting, 2188 Trinity Street,
phone Highland 1578: flnanclal secretary,
Fred, A. Hoover, 8408 Clark Drive.
STEAM ENGINEERS, INTRRNATION-
al Local 897—Meets every Wednesday, I p. m.; Room 804, Labor Temple.'
Flnanolal secretary, E. Prendergaat,
Room 118.
TAILORS' INDUSTRIAL UNION (IN-
tematlonal), Local No. 178—Meetings
held first Tuesday In each month, 8 p. m.
President, H. Nordlund; recording secretary, C. McDonald, Box 503; flnanolal
secretary, K. Paterson, P. O. Box 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. Ill-
Meets last Sunday each month. I
p.m. President, R. P. Pettlplece; vice-
president, W, 8. Metsger, secretary-
treasurer, R, H, Neelands, P. O. Box 68.
THEATRICAL STAGE EMPLOYEES,
.Local No. 118—Meets aecond and
room 204, Labor Temple. Preaident, H.
room 204, Labor Temple, President, H.
Spears; recording secretary, Geo. W,
Allln, P. O. Box 711.
■js. a
BROTWFRWOOT) OF BOILER MAKERS
-and Iron Ship Rudders and Helners
of America, Vancouver Lodge No, 1IP-
Meets first snd third Mondaya, 8 n. ni
President, F. Barclay, 868 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe street,
CTGARMAKKRS' LOCAL No. 857—Meets
flrst Tuesday each month.. 8 p.m.
President, Walter Hoaklna: vlee-nresl-
dent, F- J. Brandt: aeeretary, Robert J.
Craig, Kurts Cigar Faotory; treasurer, S.
w. Johnson,
COOKS. WATTERS AND WAITRESSES
Union—Meets flrst Frldav , In each'
month, 8:80 n.m., Labor Temple. W. B.
Walker, bustneS representative. Ofllce:
Room 808, Labor Temnle. Hours! I a.m.
to 10.80; 1 p.m. to 2.80 and 6 p.m. to 8.08
p.m. Competent help furnished oh short
notice.   Phone Sey. 8414.	
WOMEN IN COLORADO.
Judge C. C. Butler of Denver has
ruled that the woman's eight-hour law
applied to bookkeepers, stenographers,
cashiers and all other employees In
mercantile and manufacturing establishments. The case under discussion
was one brought by the Btate against
an employer charged with causing his
woman bookkeeper to work more than
eight hours a day. Colorado is an
equal suffrage state. Its eight-hour
law Includes laundries, hotels, restaurants as well as manufacturing and
mercantile establishments. Colorado
has a state wage board composed of
one representative of labor, one woman and one employer, to determine
minimum wages for women and
minors ln mercantile and manufacturing establishments, laundries, hotels,
restaurants, telegraph and telephone
offices. The orders of the board are
binding on employers.
CHANCE FOR INVESTORS
Theae are days of conservation and
the development of hitherto wasted
resources. In many factories and industries, material that formerly was
thrown' away as useless is now
utilized and made up into marketable products.
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHKRH
Britlah Columbia Division. C. P. -System. Division No. 1—Meeta 11:80 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, T. O'Connor, P, O. Box 482.
Vancouver. Local secretary and treasurer, H. W. Withers, P. O. Box 488, Vancouver,	
ELECTRTCAIy WORKERS, LOCAL NOT
218—Meets Room 801 every Mondav
8 p. m. President, Dave Pthk: vlce-prealdent, M. Sander; recording aeeretary.
Roy Elgar, Labor Temple: financial secretary and bualneaa agent, W. F. Ddnn,
Room 207, Labor Temnle,
WANTED—A few reliable trade union-
lsts, not otherwise engaged, to solicit
subscriptions for The "Fed." Liberal
commission. Apply Room 217 Labor
Temple.
ELKCTRTCAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO.
821 (Inside Men)—Meets first and
third Mondays of .each month. Room 206,
8 p.m. Preaident. H. P. McCoy: recording secretary, Geo, Albert; business
agent, F. L. ratlnghansen, Room 207.
NEW   WESTMINSTER  TRADES  AND
Labor Council—Meets every seoond
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., In
Labor Hall. Preaident D. S. Cameron:
flnanolal secretary, H.r Glbb; general
secretary. B, D. Grant,'P. O. Box III.
The public Is Invited to attend.
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
PBNTERB AND JOINERS meets every
aecond and fourth Thursday or each
month In Labor Temple, corner of Rdyal
Ave. and Seventh St., at 8_p,m. P—'-
dent J. L. Hogg, Hankey Blk., flaj
Royal
ton;" Secretary^ A. 'McDopaMMflf'
Ave.. New Westminster.	
PLUMBERS' and 8TEAMFITTER8' LO-
oal 416—Meeta every seeond and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall,
7:80 p.m. President D. Webster; sserstary,  A.  McLaren,  P.O.  Box  III,  Now
Westminster. B. O,       ■
ONTTED    BROTHERHOOD    OF  CAR-
pentera, Looal Union No. till—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, comer Royal avenue and Seventh
street. President, M. C. Schmendt; seoretary. A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B. C
BARTENDERS' LOCAL 784—MEETSlS
Labor Temple. New Westminster, cor*
ner Seventh street and Royal avenue,
every second Sunday of each month, at
1:80 p. m. President, E. 8. Hunt: secre-
tary, F, W, Jameson, Visiting brothers
Invited.
VICTORIA, », O.
VICTORIA     TRADES             	
Council—Meeta g flrat and third Wed-
AND.. LAROR
nesday, Labor Hall, 781 Johnston street;
at 8 p. m. President, A. Watchman; secretary, W. A. Parkinson, Box 802, 'Vlotoria, B.C.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Jolnera—Meets every Tuesday,
8 p.m., at Labor hall, 731 Johnston St.
Preaident, J. E, Bryan; recording secretary, Geo. L. Dykeman; business agent
and flnanolal secretary, W. A. Parkinson, Box 238.
LONGSHOREM^NS'   INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION,     No.     38 x 52-Meets
every   Friday   evening,   146   Alexander
atreet.    President,   P.   Peel;   seoretary,
Geo. Thomas. ■      '	
MACHINISTS. NO. IR2-MEET8 SEC^
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7.16 p.m.
President. A. R. Towler: recording aeoretary. J. Brookes: flnanclal secretary, J. H.
McVety.
movwo pjcturf operators. tx>
eal 9%%. T.A.T.S.E.—Meets everv na*
ind Snpdav of eaeh .'month'. Labor T#n»
pie,- 8 p. m; President, A. O. Hansen;
secretary-treasurer, G. R. Hamilton; business agent, H. T. Huge, Ofllce, Room 100,
Loo Rldg.   Tel. Sey. 8046.
For Union Printing
COWAN ft BROOKHOUSE
UBOR TEMPLE    PHONE SET. 44W
VANCOUVER   w   CANADA
PATRONIZE    B     C.     FEDERATIONIST
ADVERTISERS—AND TELL THEM WHY
GIT   ACQUAINTED   WITH   HIM
WHOT
THE WESTERN COMRADE
The Socialist Monthly Magazine,
breathing the spirit of our Oreat
Weat. Emanuel Julius and Ches-
isr M. Wright, Editors.    11.00 a
Rear; single copies, 10 cents.   203
Few High St., LOS Angeles, Cal.
Carpenters Elect Seoretary,
Routine business onl)' was transacted at the last meelng of Laocal 617, of
the Brotherhood of Carpenters. Charles
Scott was elected recording secretary,
vice Georse Porter, withdrawn by
clearance. There was one Initiation
and one member admitted hy card.
Business still continues very dull, there
being about 60 members entirely without work at. present,
Local 621, Electrical Workers, favored the settlement of tbe difference
heretofore existing In thla trade between two factions or srroura of unions.
The delegates to the British Columbia
Federation of Lahor, P.. L. Estinghausen and W. H. Harroun, reported at
length of the activities of the recent
convention. There were four Initiations and two applications are pending.
Local 213 of the Electrical Workers
met Monday night and listened to reports of deleentes W. P. Dunn and H.
A. Jones to the British Columbia Federation of Labor, Mr. Dunn being honored with a sent on the executive
board of the federation. The union
some time since voted to accept the
tentative agreement settling the differences of the warring factions of tho
Electrical workers. Business is reported very quiet.
REDUCTION IN PRICE OF
B. C. Electric Irons
On and after Monday, Feb, 2nd, and until further notice
the price of B. C. Electric Irons aold to lighting customers of
the Company will be reduced to
$3.00
The Electric Iron offered as above at 13.00 Is Identically the Bame Iron,
carrying the Company's 10-year guarantee, which bas previously been sold
by the Company at 13.50 since last October. It is now possible to offer the
iron at a lower price because of special arrangements recently made with
the manufacturer. The advantage obtained through the ordering of a large
quantity we pass on to our customers In the form of the reduction of 50
cents on each Iron.
Cirnll snd
Hastings Street
B.C. ELECTRIC
PHONE, SEYMOUR 5000
1138 Gienville St.,
Nesr Davie
101-4 BANK O'F 'OTTAWA BUILDING
602 Hastings Street West
DR. BRETT ANDERSON, Dentist
Operates by the latest, most scientific and painless methods
Specialist in Crown, Bridge, Plate and Gold Inlay Work
HOURS 9 A. M. TO 6 P. M.
Patronize the Federationist Advertiser!
MMBBRIaET MINERS' ONION, No. IM,
Western Federation of Miners—Meets
Sunday evenings In Union Hall. President, W. Fleming: secretary-treasurer,
M. P. Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B. G.
frfeih'TEr' D°ii-"'nS&
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U. M^W. of
A.—Meets "every Monday at 7.30 p. m.
In the Athletic Club, Chapel street.   Arthur Jordan, Box 410, Nanalmo, B. C.
CUMBERLAND LOCAL UNION, No.
2290, U. M. W. of A.-Meeta every
Sunday 7 p.m. In U. M. W. of A. half.
President, Ju. Naylor; secretary, James
Smith, Box ft, Cumberland, B.
r
TRAIL MILL AND SMELTERMEN'B
Union, No. 105, W. P. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7.80 p.m. President,
F. W. Perrln; secretary, Frank Camp-
bell. Box 26, Trail, B. C.
SANDON MINERS' UNION, No. 81,
Western Federation of Mlnws—Meets
every Saturday * In the Miners' Union
hall. Address all communications to the
Secretary, Drawer "K.," Sandon, B.C.
LOCA L VANCOUVER OF SOCIAL-
DEMOCRATIC PARTY—Public meetings In Dominion Theatre, Oranvllle St..
Sunday evenings. Secretary, J. Adams,
Room 304, Labor Temple.   '
vreovni or ooi* mania siav-
LATXOVI.
Cosl mining rights of the Dominion,
" Saskatchewan and *"
 .jrrltory. the Northw„ __.
rttorles and In a portion of the Province
in Manitoba.' i	
the Yukon Territory, the Northw_est*Te?
of British Columbia, may be leaaed for
a term of twenty-one years at an annual
rental of $1 an acre. Not more than
2,6(0 acres will be leased to one applicant.
Application for lease must be made by
the applicant In person to the Agent or
Sub-Agent of the district In which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed ter-
staked by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of 16, which will be refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty ahall be
paid on tha merchantable, output of the
mine at the rate of five centa psr ton.
The person operating the mine shall
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon.    If the coal mining rights
are  not  being operated,  auch   returna
should be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will Include the coal mining
sary for the working of the mine at tbe
rate of $10 an acre.
For full Information application
should be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion
Lands.
W. H. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior..
N, B.—Unauthorised publication of
this advertisement will not ba nald for.
Union J^^ 'Ale
MADE   /2J|1q     AND   i
Beer i^^^j Porter j
^S&> Of America  r£5*rS"
.cofwiOHT amainhark __t____$
•:■■■"■
■■:•:■- itriday.........FBBRUainr e, ml.
THE BRITISH COU Villi A  I'l-l<!-l<.\ llnMST.
PAOBSTVR
Merode Underwear
FOR PARTICULAR PATRONS
This is one tnale of underwear in which you can secure good
quality and a perfect-fit The makers studied these two
requisites and have produced, garments that dearly show much
thought along these lines. Women hefe and elsewhere appreciate Merode Quality and incidentally associate themselves with underwear that fits the figure.
If you want real underwear comfort this winter we would
recommend that you try Merode.   We know its merits.
Merino separate garments at
$1.00 and $1.23 a garment
Silk and wool Union Suits at
$3.00 and $3.50 for girls of
10 to 14 years, and all sizes
for women.
Merino Union Suits at $2.00
and $2.50.
Silk and wool garments in
light or medium weights at
$1.50 and $1.75.
LIMITED
575 Granville Street      Vancouver, S. C.
It will pay 70a to tee our ihowinf for winter weir.  Pricei that
cannot be beaten or repeated in tbe dty.
Family Shoe
Store
823 GRANVILLE St.
NEAR ROBSON
FRANK NEWTON
Store No. 2 • Cedar Cottage
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
Florists and Nursery Men
THRU STORM IN VANCOUVIR
M Hastings tt.     Phone ley. IN        401 Gnarille St      Phone Bey. 1717
Tit Qranvllle tt.    Phona toy. Hit
VICTORIA STORB, UI VIEW ST.
ORBBNHOUBBS
' ttat Avs. and Mala tt. Vlotoria, a. C.
Phone Fairmont 7H.
Hammond, B.C.
Long Distance Phona IT
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Grutrillt St., Phoie 3822
VANCOUVER. B. C.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
J. A. FLETT, LIMITED
dl£lE__^E___S—__SSB33
K____________\__l___\
i^^^^^^^^mn**^*^m^m}mrw^m^Tm^SSSmmV
Phones Sey. 2327-2328
Hardware tnd
Sporting Goods
HI Hastings St., W.
s  THE  MUSICIANS   UNION s
M.P.o w'8'1 ,0 announce that Mr. Franklin and
»".• ...ai, •     j        members of his orchestra are not members
of the Musicians' Union.    When engaging
music for your next dance or social, make
sure that your Orchestra is composed of
UNION MUSICIANS
For Pull Information Phons Musicians' Union
[ Sey. 7811,   Rooms 29-30, Williams Building
413 Qranvllle Street
A.M. McNeill
J. N. Freemen
O. J. Benedict
MON.,    TUES.,    WED.
THE AUEBIOAK QVABTZTTB
Harmony Singing, featuring
.    THE HUMAN CALLIOPE
DEIalOIA AND POLLY
"The Sister Team  they all  talk
about."
TAW AMD DAVIS
Comedy   Singers   and   Eccentric
Dancers
WILTON AMD nrOBASAK
Oddity entitled:
"SAUCE POR THE GOOSE"
4-REELS LATEST PICTURES-4
10 Cents-ANY SEAT-10 Cents
AMATEUR NIGHT-WEDNESDAY.
The Coast Transfer Co.
LIMITED
Office: 1020 Pender St., West
We specialize in
Moving Furniture (Padded Vans), Pianos, Trunks, Baggage and Storage
Trucks and Wagons for all description of work
Estimates cheerfully given
Telephones: Seymour 620, SS20 and 1705
Night Calls, Fairmont 2514-R
COLUMBIA THEATRE
UP-TODATE VAUDEVILLE AND MOTION PICTURES
Continuous Performance from 1 p.m. to 11 p.m.     Vaudeville from
li to 4 and 7 to 10.30 p. m.
Complete Change of Programme'Mondays and Thursdays.
WEEK OF FEBRUARY 9th.
,  THUR8.,    FRI„   8AT.
A. nUUTOIB LENS and COUTAHY
Presenting
"THE SECOND STORY MAN"
FABLET ASD  MIESOOTT
Singing, Acrobatic and Soft Shoo
Dancing.
MIIS BXX.UE STBWABT
Classy Singing and Dancing.
WESLEY AND VBAHOIB
Comedy Singing and Dancing Act.
^^^m}J^M SUFHMS&
Edited by MISS H. R. GL'TTERIDQE, Room Jm, Labor Tempi.-
BECAUSE.
Because the women of the nation
are far less wealthy than the men,
and It la a matter of more urgency to
them that the national funds, whicn
they are forced to contribute to, should
be wisely expended. ,
Because laws are made by men returned to parliament by tbe votes ot
electors; and these laws are bad, women suffer equally with men.
Because women have to obey whatever laws are made, and are punished
for disobeying tbem; and it is grossly
unfair that only men ahould be allowed to aay what the lawa and the
punishments shall be.
Because lawa deal with matters of
grave Importance to women, such as
marriage, divorce, separation, cruelty,
the custody of children, the feeding,
sleeping, shelter and education of
children, the care of the sick, the aged
and infirm, the feeble-minded and the
destitute, lunatics, prisoners (men and
women), reformatories and Industrial
schools, wages, unemployment, the
Btatus of illegitimate children and
their mothers, the conditions of Inheritance, and an enormous number
of matters which are the affair of women the same aa men.
Because women form the huge majority of sweated workers.
Because it la women's duty as well
as men's to protect homes and children, and other women; and the women who shirk the responsibility are
evading their duty.
Because Imperial questions Include
the welfare and fate of other women
—women ln the countries which Britain governs, and women In the countries on which Britain may make war;
and It is women's solemn duty to assist in and Insist on- improving the
condltlona Of women all the world
over.
Because the administration of Justice la entirely in the hands ot meq,
and It has been proved that great unfairness la thereby Inflicted on help-
leaa women.
Because It la their right; it Is a
matter of common justice that women
should share the authority aa well as
the responsibility for the land tbey
belong to and the world they are born
In, and ho lasting good.can come of a
condition based on injustice. 4
PUBLIC MEETINGS.
A public meeting Is held every Wednesday evening In the Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir street, at 8 p.m.
There Is a weekly "at borne" in
Room 206, Labor Temple, every Tuesday at 3 p.m. All ladies are invited to
attend.
A' regular weekly meeting la held In
t the Lee Hall, Main street, near Broadway every Monday evening at 8 p.m.
B. C. FEDERATION AND VOTE8
I FOR WOMEN.
Once more has organised labor
shown Its progressive spirit, a resolution ln favor of extending the parliamentary franchise to the women of
British Columbia, was most heartily
endorsed by the delegates from all the
province to the convention ot the B. C.
Federation of Labor held last week ln
tbe city of New Westminster. Resolutions calling for the eight-hour working day for all women, and a legal
minimum wage for women and girls,
were also most heartily endorsed by
the delegates. It Is Interesting to find
that the workerB are awakening to the
fact that that the labor movement and
the woman's movement are one at
heart, both are an organized body of
people seekjng to better conditions
for those held in subjection, to put an
end to the exploitations ot the workers, male and female, to eliminate
child labor, to ensure a living wage to
all, and to give to every human being
the freedom that all should enjoy that
each may express themselves fully and
freely for the good of all.
"Wot beats me is why 'e should
steal. 'B ain't got rio need to. 'E's
got a good wife to work for 'lm."—
London Opinion. |
THE FAMOUS G0URLAY
Pianos can be purchased from us
at 925 down and ten dollars per
month. This le the house that
protects the purchaser, in case of
loss of employment the payments
are postponed. Not one dissatisfied purchaser on our books, and
most of our business is done by
recommendation.
AJELLO PIANO CO.
•67 ORANVILLE  ST.
THE NEW
ORPHEUM
Vhl tjhiolre Beautiful
SulHren A Conildlne V.ud.Yill.
Granville Street
VAUDEVILLE
Where Everybody Goes
S00 Gallery Seats at 15c,
WASHINGTON STATE VOTERS,
"My union brothers, I cannot close
my addreas without urging you to interest yourselves to the extent ot an
aettve political campaign for the political enfranchisement, of women.
Aside from the human justice of equal
suffrage, it Is highly expedient that
you double your political strength.
Inasmuch as the laboring class greatly outnumber the non-producing class
we have everything to gain by adding
the votes of the women to those of
the men In the demand for-social
legislation. ... The emancipation
of men.and women must go hand ln
hand," aald Mrs. Ida Zeigler, fraternal
delegate,of the Washington State Federation of Labor, to the convention of
the B, C. Federation of Labor at New
Westminster last week. Mrs. Zeigler
was also Supported ln ber remarks by
the aecretary-treaaurer, C. P. Taylor,
of the Washington State Federation of
Labor, who was enthusiastic In hla
praise of the women of Washington
and the use they had made of the
vote since their enfranchlaement. H.O.
"B.   C.  WESTERN  CATHOLIC."
Here Is an Interesting Item from the
B. C. Western Catholic:
"A letter received from a Dublin
lady reads, partly, as follows: 'We received the Christmas number of the
B. C. Western Catholic, and enjoyed It
very much. We lent It to the famous
W. Martin Murphy, the capitalist, wbo
defeated Larkin and the Dublin atrlke.
Mr. Murphy was much impressed with
tbe writing and general appearance of
your paper.'" ,
A paper that takes as a compliment
the approval of the infamous Martin
Murphy shows very plainly where It
stands with regard to the cause' of the
workers. It Is useless for Catholics
to tell us the church stands for justice
to the workera, when their own paper
gives them away. The London "Daily
Herald" had some pictures ot Murphy,
and, the other Dublin Maatera. The
Inscription beneath one of them waa
aa follows: "See, Darling, the situation grows more hopeful for us. That
striker's child is discovering that Its
mother's breast is running dry." By
just such happenings Murphy won the
atrlke. After women and children
suffered untold anguish, they were
trampled under foot once more. They
were lighting these people, for the
mere right to exist, and they have
been crushed back into misery and
degradation without a parallel even
ln England. And we are told the
priests have stood loyally by the capitalists, and after reading that paragraph In the B. C. Western Catholic
we can well believe lt.
Oeorge Russell, editor of the Irish
Times, says, in an open letter to the
Masters of Dublin: "If you had between you collectively a portion of
human aoul as large as a three-penny
bit, you would bave sat night and day
with the representatives of labor trying thia or that solution of the trouble,
mindful ot the women and children,
who at least were Innocent of wrong
against you. But no! You reminded
labor you could always have your three
square meals a day while lt went hungry. You went into conference again
. . . and then when an award waa
made . . . you will not accept the
solution and fall back again on your
devilish policy of starvation. Cry
aloud to heaven for new souls."
T.B.
8HALL WE FORGET?
Shall we forget, shall we forget, O Ood,
The soul's most sacred right of liberty,
Tho'-we for ages were by man down-
trod?
Shall we forget?
Shall we Ignore the dire immensity
Of burdens under which we still must
plod?
Shall we ignore false friend's duplicity
And bow beneath a cruel tyrant's rod?
Not while we hear one tortured woman
cry,
Not till we rest at peace beneath the
sod '
Shall we forget?
MARGUERITE POLLARD.
GERMAN WOMEN BANKER'S.
A cable from Berlin announces that
the Berlin Woman's bank, which It believed to be the only bank in the world
run for-and by women exclusively, has
juat completed five years of existence.
The assets of the bank amount to
1*250,000, and it declared a 5 per cent
dividend in 1912. lt is the only bask
in Germany where women are per-
mitted to have a cheque account without the permission of their husbands.
A petition asking that the franchise be
given to women and that they be allowed to vote at the elections for the
Imperial parliament and also to sit aa
deputies was recently Introduced by
the German Woman's Suffrage, union.
' f£j       *    '
THE WOMAN-TAMER.
He said, "She shall be my slave!
LesBer In all than I;'
Feeble of body and brain,
She shall carry a golden chain,
And dwell until she die
In the golden cage 1 gave." ....
And he found a treacherous creature
bf hate and fear,
With teeth and claws that were ready
when he came near!
He said, "She ahall be my star!
I will tet her high above
This dusty world ot mine,
I will bow me down at her shrine,
Pray for the light of her love,
And worship her from afar." . . .
But he fouhd that the light of her love
had been withdrawn,
Leaving Only a faint, chill pity, a faint,
chill scorn.
He said, "She shall be my Mend!
Side by side let us stand,
For I need your help and you.
Comrades loyal and true,
With my hand holding your dear
hand
We will see life out to the end." . ...
And she turned and her eyes met hla;
and I think she cried
(But she laughed through her tears)
and she came to her place at hla
side.     *•
—THOS. O'MEARA/
I hear tbe clash of ruined glass in
London.   '
Fools, you earn your gyves;
Ah! do you then make gods of windows?
We hear the clash ot ruined lives.
I see an acid eat the mail,
Wild women seeking useless goals;
And do you then think but of letters?
We see tbe scraps of eaten souls.
'   MRS. G. C. KNIGHT.
Port Arthur, Ont.
tures over the untidiness ot her house
and the ill-kept condition of her children, Will Lord Rosebery pay a few
nurse and doctor bills? will he pay
for a capable hand to keep the household wheels running smoothly till the
mother Is strong? Will he buy perambulators so that mother when she
walks to town, perhaps a mile or two
away, won't have to carry a baby ou
her arm? Will he furnieh cosy cribs
so that baby won't need to have the
family clothes-basket for a bed? Or,
better still, will he and all the others
who worry about the shortage ot
babies Bee to lt that the ordinary man
la paid properly for the ordinary day'a
work, so that he can give the children
he brings Into the world a proper
chance? But no, Lord Rosebery and
hla kind are very well satisfied to let
the ordinary condltlona go on; for then
there will alwaya be a surplus ln the
labor market, there will always be
strike-breakers and mllltla and specials—and can you blame them so
much—these strike-breakers and militia and specials? Their parents
brought them here In such numbers
and under such conditions tbat they
don't know any better, all they know
is that they, too, herhaps, have brought
more children Into the world than
they can decently support and they
must snatch a Job when lt comes—the
suffering and privation of a mother
may often dull the mentality of a
child so that the child, even grown to
manhood, is slow to grasp truth or
to understand world-wide conditions.
And even In a family where the parents are among those who strive for
the emancipation of the worker and
instil such ideas- into the minds of
their children there Is atlll greater
need for the parents to realise tbelr
responsibility and refuse to have a
family that they see no chance of educating, for the cause of the worker
needs not quantity so much aa quality,
needs .the best that can be produced
In body, brain and soul. Let those
whose eyes are opened a little, open
them a little wider, let them refuse to
provide slaves for the labor market,
but let the ranks of the workers be
supplied with human beings who have
been planned for, endowed with intellect backed up by training and there
will be power to combat power.
NANAIMO GIRL.
PANTAGES
Unequalled Vaudeville
Means
PANTAGES VAUDEVILLE
THREE SHOWS DAILY
2,45, 7.20, 9.15
Season's Prices—
Matinee 15c, Evenings 15c, 25c.
Declining Birthrate.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: I was
pleased to see a woman's comment on
poor Lord Rosebery's uneasiness over
the shortage of babies, In a recent
Federatlonist. I am not a married
woman, but I've seen enough and
thought more, being one of a family
of eight, three of wtiom, fortunately,
went to heaven while atlll babies, the
remaining live being twice as many
as our parents could bring up as children ought to be brought up. Lord
Rosebery would rather see 500,000
babies produced under ordinary conditions! than rejoice at the miraculous
eugenic baby. Under ordinary conditions—"Well," as one ordinary mother
said to me, "you have to make the
best of them when they do come,"—
yes and you love them and do what
you can, and they scratch along somehow. Under eugenic conditions woman realizes wbat a mighty power
Nature has vested in her of forming a
child's heart and mind and soul, and
by surrounding lt with proper conditions—mentally, spiritually ns well
as physically—of producing a child of
high mentality and of happy disposition—and the eugenic parents get the
right conditions first, and the child afterwards. What chance has a child
of inheriting a sunny optimistic disposition if before Its birth the mother
is pestered from morning till night
with two or three others hanging
about her, when she doesn't know how
to replace illmmy's worn suit with a
new one, when Tommy's shoes leak
and she can't afford a new pair, when
the coming doctor's hill looms threateningly, when she knows sho can't
afford a nurBO, when In addition to all
the pain sho must lie In bed trying
to eat poor food clumsily prepared by
her husband, and suffer nervous tor-
Phons Seymour StB
VENETIAN HAIR PARLOR
767 ORANVILLE STREET
Orpheum Thestrt Building
Mrs. Genevieve Contl
Mrs. Frances Lohrman
Iptolaltlssi
Whole Wheat Bread
Choice Family Bread
Wedding and Birthday Cakes.
Wa Vat Union flour.
BELYEA'S BAKERY
ALL KINDS OF
CAKES, PASTRY AND
CONFECTIONERY
Hot Drinks and Lunches
All Ooods Fresh Dally.
•H SUSTOLl at.
TeL Sey. 7104.
ASK FOR MINARD'S AND TAKE
NO OTHER
I* Yonr Furniture Showing
Signs of Wear and Tear?
High time to look; winter evenings to come. A comfortable
rocker, an easy coucb, a bookcase or rug, can make a lot of
difference to one'a comfort.
Don't go on buying furniture
winter after winter—buy here
where furniture is selected to
withstand the round of season
after season, and many of
them. Come In and aee the
new arrivals—they will bring
many hours' comfort to some
lucky persons.
Haitingi Furniture Co.
Limited
41  HASTINGS STREET WEST
JAMES STARK S
ww       ■■ ansa, mettt, earn am. oe am aaa,
nt wniwi     aatattaa e«o am. u aaa am,
THB STORE THAT SERVES TOO WELL
January Clearance and White Sale
We are making substantial price reductions ail
through our store. The prices that maintained in
our Great Re-organization Sale made us famous.
Our values are to-day identical and prices in many
cases lower.  We are closing out Bugs- entirely.
WE OFFER
$80.00 Brussels Bugs, 9x12, For............ .$18.60
$40.00 Axminster Bugs, 9x12, For  25.00
Yon will save money, get value and good service it
"THE STOBE THAT BEEVES TOU WELL"
WfcBSTER'S GRQCERY LIST
' COMPARE PRICES
Our Best Flour, 49-lb.
sacks $1.45
Rolled Oats, fresh milled
8 lbs 25
Butter. Finest Creamery,
3 lbs.     ... ' 1.00
Com Starch, Johnson's,
3 packets.. . . .25
Lard,   Carnation,   3-lb.
pails, each.. .'.. .35
Hsm», by the whole ham
perE 23
Bacon, machine sliced,
perlb.^      M
Eggs,   absolutely   local
new Ud, per doz...     .55
Applet. Winesapt, 5 lha.     .25
Castile Soap, 35c ban.     .20
Ham-mo   Hand Cleanser, per tin  05
YOUR ORDER WILL BE APPRECIATED.
PROMPT DELIVERY.
The Webster Bros.
LIMITED
PHONES: SEY. 8301, 8302
127B GRANVILLE STREET
VANCOUVER COAL COMPANY
80 PENDER.STREET, EAST
ALL GRADES COAL
AT REGULAR PRICES
AGENTS JINGLE POT MINE
-5408 PHONES SEYMOUR	
-5409 |
JOHNSTON & SALSBURY
The Hardwaremen
SUCCESSORS TO
McTAGGART & MOSCROP
We carry a complete line of MECHANICS* GOODS, including SANDS' LEVELS, FRISCO MASONS' TAPE.
STALEY'S PLANES. LEVELS, etc.. STARRETT'S
FINE TOOLS. SIMONDS' SAWS. CORBIN LOCKS
SETS.
PHONE SEYMOUR 134
7 HASTINGS ST. WEST
O. J. Bognon F. P. Stevene
Phone Bey. 7S75
.Canadian Photo Co.
, COMMERCIAL
PHOTOGRAPHERS
Photos Taken Anywhere. Anytime
111-611 CROWN BUILDING
<1> Pender Strsst Weet
A Won* lotto* of airfoil—  arise
hwt writers tn Europe snd Amortee
will be (wind In THI NBW IUBVIIW
which deftll Is so authoritative war
with alt phases ef Soolallsi am "
esltatton, but edueatlea. Pi*IU—
monthly, 11.00 per year: Canadian eub-
■crlptlona -l.SO. Send lOe for aaamplo
oopy. N*W BBVIBW. iar -—
•treet. New Tork  City.
LET IT RAIN!
LET IT HAIL!
Let it Snow if it will,
Royal Crown is Supreme!
And is easily still
The best Soap in the West
for the Laundry, and
ROYAL CROWN
WASHING
POWDER
CLEANSES--PURIFIES-BEAUTIFIES
Save the Coupons for Presents
EVERY   UNION   MAN   IN   VANCOUVER   SHOULD    PATRONIZE
LABOR TEMPLE CLUB AND POOL ROOM PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY ....FEBRUARY 6, 1914.
J
THE POPULAR PRICED, EUROPEAN PLAN
HOTEL RITZ
VICTORIA, B.C.
FORT ST., AT DOUGLAS
RATES 75c, $1.00, $1.25, $1.50, $2;00
C. J. LOVEJOY, MGR. FREE AUTO BUS
Dominion Hotel
VICTORIA, B.C.
Enlarged and  Remodelled 200 ROOMS 100 BATHS
Comfort     without     Extravagance
Atnerlonn Plan   ■   12.00 Up European Plan   •   11.00 Up
 4EN       -
STEPHEN JONES, Proprietor,
PHONE SEY. 3175.
Hotel Alcazar
(opposite Labor Temple)
Two hundred modern rooms, hot and cold water and
telephones in every room.   Up-to-date dining room
a la carte.
Best 35c. lunch in the city.
GO WITH TH* B UNCH T°THE
BRUNSWICK POOL ROOMS
Richly furnished Throughout.
Bot and Cold Watsr In Bverr Room
Must CMS asd (Mil Boom ea ths Mdlo Coast la OonnooUon
HOTEL ASTOR
C. J. MARSH, Proprietor W. D. MARSH, Manager.
Bateoi SIM aad *v   Sternal Weekly Bates.
rum i4Mi» lumH naaas i
■UBOPBAS
THE NEW ENGLAND HOTEL '&_2flEZESiM
Buanomely Tarnished
eSS Seymour St.
CLARENCE HOTEL
Conor PENDER and SEYMOUR STREETS
Oeatemuy MaaStt
SEABOIaD A MCBIaOKOY
Proprietors
VANCOUVER. B.C.
CLIFTON ROOMS   ^"j^J^ &*
The Houee of Contort
RAINIER HOTEL
European—Bates }1 per day.
^_^_____^^____^_^__ lat-olass. Cafe tn connection.
Rooms rented by Day or Week. Special rates to permanent guests.
First-class Liquors and  Cigars.    Every comfort and convenience.
JOHN SINDAR, Prop. Comer Cordova and Carrall Streets.
a s  HOTEL ::  ~
C0NNAUGHT
no a rtaaaaon rttge.
PHONE SBYMOUR 7017-1011.
Bnopsaa Kan, Sl.00 tet Bar V*.
(Jp-to-Dats     first-class    Pining
Room and Cafe In Conneotlon
120   ROOMS:   SO   ROOMS   WITH
PRIVATE BATHS
Steam Heated—Phone In Bverr
Room—Elevator  Services;    Bath
and Shower Baths on all Floors.
SANDS
Funeral Furnishing Co.
LIMITED
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
aad EMBALMERS
LADY ATTENDANT
TELEPHONE 33M
IBIS QUADRA STREET
Nesr Pandora Avenus
VICTORIA, E
Diseases of Men
We Issue a written guarantee
that ZIT will cure or your money
back.
Differs from all othtr remedies.
Prloa $3.00, Post Paid.
McDUFFEE BROS.
THO   OBLIGING   DRUGGISTS
132 Cordova St W.
Vancouver, B. O.
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
ud EMBALMERS
S2S Hckarfc St.        Vancouver, 1, C.
HARRON BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS AND
EMBALMERS
Vancouver—Offloe and Chapel,
Mil Oranvllle St. Phons Say. MM.
North Vanoouver —Offlce and
chapel, lit Seoond SL B. Phone
IM.
'    i    ■■■■ 'W-ZMA',
'im*3s
m
'Oil
'Oftta
rf.'/
op
llo
DEWARS
"White Label"
Whisky
mm
I
EVOLUTION
By R. E. NORTHEY
Stirring times, these, eh? You-
botcher! I'd rather be living in' the
present interesting and strenuous
era than in any other period mentioned in history, ancient or modern.
Even the vast stretch ot what is
termed "prehistoric times," ot which
we know nothing except by inference
and Imagination, could not possibly
have had the intense attraction for
its crude and unintelligent humanity
which we who are taking part ln lt
feel for the Industrial, political and
social strife and hubbub which Ib
stirring and shocking the world today. It Is a Joy to be ln the flght.
With ultimate victory assured we are
not depressed by a small defeat here
and there. By a close study of the
past we can almost with certainty
predict the future. We notice tbat
from the very flrst glimmerings of Intelligence man has been compelled to
work out hlB own destiny. Forced to
action by pain, hunger, Inclemency of
the seasons, stern environment, and
the hostility of hbj kind, receiving
shock after shock from unrecognised
and unknowable sources, his crude
mind became filled with superstitious
ideas of an angry, avenging god. To
appease the wrath of such an all-
powerful and malignant deity the Ignorant man-animal made Images of
grotesque and frightful appearance,
which coincided with his Ideas of
what such a terrible being should be.
To these Images he
Offered Sacrifice
chiefly human, raised altars, and later
on segregated the most Intelligent
class of his race to act aa Intercessors,
Interpreters of the dogmas which had
grown up as custodians of the sacred
buildings and the few but precious
writings they contained. Thus originated the priesthood.
In the early periods of savagery,
prisoners captured ln tribal wars were
eaten, excepting, perhaps, the comely
females. Later on, as the brain
power developed, lt became evident
to the man-savage that It was better
to restrain the pleasures ot the moment for more lasting benefits ln the
future, so Instead of eating his prisoners he put them to do the bard
work. This was the beginning ot
slavery, which ln some form or other
has been ln vogue ever since, either
as chattel slavery, serfdom (land
slavery) or wage slavery. And of the
three we who read the dally papers
can have no doubt that wage slavery
Is the moat cruel and heartless of the
lot. Even little children are not exempt from lta cruelties, while thousands, aye, millions of men and
women have found death preferable
to Its Intolerable conditions. Primitive man knew nothing of the Immutable law of evolution, but he had to
conform to lt all the same. His intelligence was too crude to understand
anything Bave by repeated shocks to
his physical body; his mind was a
minus quantity.
Cauae and Effect
By and by he began dimly to understand that certain effects followed certain causes. Later he realised that
if he did certain things—ate too much
or otherwise abused or broke any
natural law—he suffered for lt. The
self-acting natural, Immutable law
brought Its own punishment, but he,
knowing nothing of any law at all,
would and naturally did, place all
the blame for his troubles upon
something outside of and stronger
than himself. It was not difficult for
the new and feeble mind of the re
cently evolved man to conjure up an
angry deity who delighted ln blood
sacrifices, fearful rites and fantastic
ceremonies. Some of these are still
extant in so-called Christian churches
whose leaders and teachers are opposed to evolution and make the proud
boast that their church has never
ehangcd and never will change. It
will be many years hence and the
race will be much further advanced
before superstition Is entirely eliminated.. And this great natural law-
evolution—what is It? It Is a fundamental law of the cosmos which
forces men, animals, plants, minerals
and every living thing, organic or Inorganic, to progress, to grow. Hence
It is the
Law of Progress
To progress one must have know
ledge, and to gather knowledge one
must have experience. To this end
humanity has had to pass through
every grade of experience on tbe
physical plane, from the bestial Ignorance and greedy anlmallty of the
cave man, when the rule of tooth,
fang and claw prevailed, to tbe present day civilization, which Is but a
thtn veneer of Intellectual polish
which usage snd custom have spread
over the rough uncouthness of our
savage forefathers. If you have any
doubt about this try to separate the
average plutocrat from his unearned
Increment, the politician from his
privileges, the lawyer from his big
fee, the stockholder from hla dividends, the landlord from bis rent, the
merchant from his profits, the banker
from his Interest, the broker from his
commission, the scab worker from his
Job or the tricky contractor from his
graft. Scratch the veneer trom any
of these and you'll flnd the pre historic Bavage. The warfare between
man and man today is Just aa cruel,
Just as selfish, Just as Inhuman as lt
was ln the days of the cave man, but
lt Is conducted on up-to-date, scientific
lines. We are supposed to be civilized now. True, we skin our victim
when we get the chance, but we do
not eat him. Our cruelty Is more refined; It Is all done according to law;
man-made law. Oh, yes, we are civilised, all right. Why, our present
day civilization is the acme of many
millions of
Yeara of Evolution I
Don't you know that?   But many
of us are beginning to see that even
evolution may be forced to run oh the
wrong track.   We see that chaos is
KEEP MINARD'S LINIMENT IN
•THE HOUSE
Strike On
MINERS KEEP AWAY
THE strike is still on at the
* Queen Mine and Silver
Dollar, at Sheep Creek, B. C.
All working men urged to stay
away until the strike is settled
Order Ynir Misers' Union
the next station on the line we are
travelling and destruction, the terminus of the system, looms up not
much further ahead. And it^is the
attempt to switch off from the competitive ayetem to the cooperative
system that is causing the turmoil and
strife eo prevalent all the world over.
This transformation, this change from
competition and strife to co-operation
and peace, has been going on for
years, but we have not noticed it because we have been expecting it to
come all at once, ln one big swoop.
But evolution doesn't work tbat way.
Gradually, step by step, inch by Inch,
day by day, monent by moment, the
change, is occurring. Growth (evolution) Is a ceaseless movement, but so
imperceptible that the keenest eye
cannot detect it. And yet lt is going
on all the time. The tiny acorn
never ceases to expand until lt becomes the giant oak. Eons have
passed since we flrst started out on
our long pilgrimage, driven and Jogged and prodded along the hard and
ofttimes weary road by that mysterious force which "shapes our ends
rough hew 2them as we miy." We
know It now to be an Immutable law
and we call it evolution. In that Immense period of time we have tried
many systems of government—every
system but the right one—with only
one more yet to try before an enlightened world will flnd true democracy in a co-operative brotherhood of
real Individual freedom. The great
majority of us are hardly ready for
such freedom yet. The next step will
be the system of
Government Ownership,
or what Is called state socialism. This
system has already made Its debut
ln England, that land which history
tells us has always been a pioneer in
every new movement, where Chancellor Lloyd George has Inaugurated a
campaign for government ownership
of land. The coal miners' unions have
for a long time been agitating for go
vernment ownership of all coal mines
In Great Britain, and the rallwaymen's
unions, Immense and powerful organizations, have for the past few years
been clamoring for the government
ownership of railways. Although we
have tried many systems tn the past
It waa not altogether because we
wanted to, but because we had to,
Our hands were forced, as It Were, by
a course of events over which man
seemed to have no control. Somehow,
each system so worked out that its
change into something better was
compulsory; each system gave birth
to the system which succeeded lt. Our
fathers dldn t understand lt. We know
It to be natural growth—evolution.
We know that the whole string of
systems we have passed through as
well as those systems that are yet
ahead of us Is really one and the
same system, with Its different phases
manifesting according to the Intellectual standing and the purity of the
desires of the people who for the
time being are functioning on the material plane of existence. The combined unanimous will of the people
eould create or destroy any system In
the twinkling of an eye, but because
the will of the people has never yet
been unanimous the world has had
to go through what history tells us lt
has, The future also rests on the
will of the people. Verily we are
creatures of our own creation.     But
Evolution Is So Slow
We grow Impatient. And yet we
know that everything of permanence
must necessarily be slow of growth.
Looking baok over the dim vistas of
the past we can perceive how slow
our growth has been. But what matters that now? The past Is past and
done with, except for the reaping of
what we sowed and the enforced payments of debts lgnorantly but Justly
Incurred, It Is only for our education that the past existed at all. The
future Is ours, and the future is lnfl
nlte. Time does not count; Infinity is
limitless. From now on progress will
be quickened. We are learning to
work with evolution lnatead of fighting against lt. The knowledge we
have gained by our struggles ln the
past will stand us in good stead now.
We can clearly perceive that lt was
onr Ignorance that brought our woes
upon us. We have proof everywhere
that Ignorance IS the root of all evil,
but we may proclaim with a hopeful
smile that the work of uprooting lt
from men's minds Ib proceeding
apace. We know now that brotherhod
Ib . nature's law, that co-operation Is
the fundamental law of the cosmos,
that separateness exists only on the
material or lowest plane and that in
truth all humanity Is one. The race
has been wandering In the wilderness
long enough. The small band of advanced thinkers who In the past devoted their lives to the rectifying of
this great wrong—tbe enslavement of
the masses by the classes—has now
grown Into a vast army of enlightened
workers whose determined onslaught
against the age-long barriers of privilege Is even now striking terror to
the hearts of tbe selfish and unbro-
therly few who have claimed so many
privileges denied the common herd,
who have made themselves secure ln
their unjust holdings by Juggling the
law, by the power of their station and
wealth, by means of their superior
education, and above all by the
Ignorance of the common
common people. Let ub be thankful
that the dark night of unthinking
Ignorance la Lifting
at last and that light cometh with the
morning. To those who can see Just
a little way Into the mists of the
future the prospect IS already rosy
with the dawn of a new era; an era
of true brotherhood, of emancipation
for the submerged millions who have
done the world's work and been denied their share of the accruing benefits and pleasures. No more shall a
privileged "lass be able to squander
on themselves the vast wealth wrested from an exploited, tolling class. No
more shall labor sustain ln Idleness
and affluence a class of parasites who
look with contempt on all who labor.
No more shall Uttle children be
ground up Into dollars and cents in
the mills of heartless, profit-seeking
capitalists. No more shall men and
women be driven to drink, prostitution and suicide through poverty and
unemployment. No more shall youthful minds be stunted nor youthful
bodies be offered up on the altar of
the great god Mammon because of
this evil and unjust Bystem we call
Capitalism. We will have the truth,
and the truth shall make ub free!
Then on with the flght! Take
heart, ye valiant warriors in the great
oause of the world's emancipation
after centuries of bondage to tbe
forces of ignorance, greed and cunning. Combine, organise, put in your
best licks and fear aot. You cannot
fail, for evolution, the natural latv of
the universe, fights on your side; Remember that nothing great or good
has ever been won without fighting
for It. Nothing good or great will
ever be. It is an Immutable law, and
Immutable law is—Ood.
WESTERN LABOR PRESS.
Association Formed to Promote Better News Service and Results.
Last Saturday, at the call of the
president of the Washington State
Federation of Labor, R. V. Hoyt,
Taeoma Labor Advocate; J. E. Campbell, Everett Labor Journal; R. P.
Pettipiece, British Columbia Federationist; H. L. Hughes, Spokane Labor
World; L. F. Clark, Garden City
Monitor; W. H. Reid, Timber Work
er, and E. B.'Ault, Seattle Union Record, met in Taeoma with several lay
members of organized labor and organized the Western Labor Press Association.
While labor press associations have
come and gone and most of them
have not amounted to much, there
was the germ of effective work
in the upbuilding of the labor
papers affiliated in this gathering.
Each paper present was pledged
to a substantial affiliation fee,
officers were elected and given certain definite work to perform and all
left the meeting with the purpose of
making the Western Labor Press Association a power in the labor world.
Another thing is the announcement
of the early resumption of the Labor
Cartoon service, which is. to be taken
over from the Labor Cartoon Association by the Western Labor Press
Association. The cartoons will begin in a couple of weeks and will appear regularly thereafter. The Western Labor Press Association also has
in view the issuing of feature articles
and stories bearing on the labor question, that will help to liven up the
columns of the labor press and make
the papers so valuable to the membership of the unions that they will fight
to get the copies instead of considering their subscriptions as a donation to the editor's ham and egg fund.
Too much praise connot be given
Bro.Hoyt, of the Taeoma Labor Advocate for the reception afforded his
visitors and the food and quarters
provided. The Western Labor Press
Association marks a new step in the
progress of the labor press.—Seattle
Union Record.
The editors of the labor papers of
the Pacific northwest held a convention in Taeoma last Saturday, at
which was organized the Western
Labor Press Association; The following officers were elected; President, R. V. Hoyt, of the Taeoma Labor Advocate; vice-president, R. P.
Pettipiece, of the B. C. Federationist;
and secretary -treasurer, E. B. Ault,
of the Seattle Union-Record. These
three officers will also constitute the
executive committee of the association. The objects of the association
are for an exchange of news service,
to build up advertising patronage
through a central agency, and to generally improve the tone of the labor
press. Editor Hoyt' of the Taeoma
Advocate, royally entertained the visiting members and his hospitality will
long be remembered.—Spokane Labor
World.
HOTEL   CANADA
C. a MULLER, Prop.
Phone connection in every room. Hot and Cold
Water in every Room.      :•:      European Plan
Transient Rates, $1.00 per day up.    Special Weekly Rates
Merchant's Lunch, 11.30 to 2.30 p.m., 35c.
Dinner a la Carte, 6 to 8 p.m.
Free Bus
518 Richards St.
Exchange Phone Sey. 1571
Latest Addition to Vancouver's Up-to-Date Hotels
Hotel Regent
Absolutely Fireproof.   Local and Long-
Distance Phone in Every
Room.
Abundance of Light and Heat. Cafe jn Connection
RATES $1.00 PER DAY UP
Attractive Rites to Permanent
Guests
COTTINGHAM & BEATTY
Proprietors
Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.
Gentlemen,—My daughter, 13 years
old, was thrown from a aleigh and injured her elbow so badly it remained
stiff and very painful for three years..
Four bottles of MINARD'S LINIMENT completely cured her and she
has not been troubled for two years.
Yours truly,
J. B. LIVESQUE.
St. Joseph P. O., 18th Aug., 1000.-
GRAND CENTRAL HOTEL
CAUER t DUUARESQ, Pr.pmt.r.
FULLY MODERN AND UP-TO-DATE
The Leading Hotel. :: Auto Parties catered to.
European and and American Plan.
PHONE EBURNE 135
Corner Fourth Street ud Hirer Road       Eburne Station, B. C.
FIREPROOF EUROPEAN
ABBOTSFORD HOTEL
Vancouver, B. C.
921 Pender St., West Phone Seymour 5860
RATES $1.00 A DAY UP
First-class Grill in Connection
F.  L.  WALIiINQFOBD,  Manager
PENDER HOTEL ■,*-a]SlS'2?ui
Rates 11.10 psr Dsy and Up.,
Palace Hotel Bar and Cafe
Rswi tl ptr weeki    _.-._, I Tiltplsst, Hit sad
Up. Good Service Throughout      c»M Wst« is tick
D. F. PssMlirs, Pre. I 1 las,
SMS HA8TINOS STREET WEST VANCOUVER, B. C.
SMOKE THE OLD RELIABLE
Kurtz's "Pioneer" Cigars
ASK FOR THEM, SEE THAT TOU GET THEM, AND DON'T LET
DEALERS FLIM-FLAM TOU WITH CHEAP TRASHY SUBSTITUTES
e*&&
Union Men of
Vancouver—
WHICH SHALL IT BE?
$1 spent at home for a dosen
Bottles of
*#**•
Or $2 spent for a dosen bottles
of imported beer, where 62
cents of the extra $ goes to
pay duty and freight?
Why not save this extra $
and keep your money circulating in the city where you earn
your living?
Let your orders be for
BREWED AND BOTTLED IN VANCOUVER BY
VANCOUVER BREWERIES limited
'__Z
mr-—ni/1»' *•*•"* «■—**- • -■■« FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 6, 1914.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA h'KIWRATlbXlH'l.
PAGE SEWN
Imperial Rica Milling Co, Ltd., S39
Railway St, Vancouver.
The Federatlonist's representative
recently visited tbe above establishment, and lt affords him the greatest
pleasure to place before our many
readers the following facts;
The Imperial Rice Milling company
bave Installed and are operating In
i Vancouver the largest and most up-
to-date rice mill on the Pacific coaat.
Tbey import their supplies direct from
the Orient and after arrival at their
plant the grain passes through tbe
whole process of milling automatically, and is weighed and packed ln cotton pockets and sacks without being
rehandled ln any way.
The better qualities are packed In
three and five pound cotton pockets
under the following brands: Garden
Slam and' Rising Sun Japan, aa well aa
In bulk, Backs containing SO and 100
pounds.
The purchaser in buying rice packed
ln cotton pockets Ib assured of securing not only the best quality, but
secures an article that la not exposed
to the dust and ravages of vermin In
- the grocer's bins, as well aa obtaining
the full correct weight. Tbe average
European In purchasing supplies asks
sillily for rice and usually obtains tbe
cheapest possible quality and the
greatest number of pounds for the
money expended, while the Oriental
requires the best quality regardless of
cost.
The Imperial Rice Milling company
guarantee the quality and cleanliness
of the contents of all pockets put up
under their registered brands, when
packed In cotton pockets, either under their Garden Slam or Rising Sun
Japan trade mark, and the purchaser
In buying either of these qualities Is
certain to obtain in article that Is absolutely up to tbe standard ln quality.
Rice is aptly termed the king of
cereals, and forms the principle food
product of one bait ot the population
of tbe earth. It ia more widely and
more generally used tban any other
cereal. It supplies every food necessity of tbe human organism, and as
the following table taken from the report of the U. S. Department of Agriculture will ahow, it contains more
nutrition than any other cereal lh general use, and much more than either
beef or potatoes.
Article. Food value.
Rice   86.09%
Wheat, 82.64%
Rye 82.79%
Oats  74.02%
Maize  82.97%
Potatoes  23.24%
Fat beef .'. 46.03%
Lean beef 26.83%
Rice Is more easily digested tban al-.
most any other food, and Andrews ln
"What to Bat," Ib authority for the
following comparative table:
Article.      Length of time to digest.
Rice  : 1    Hour
Tapioca VA Houra
Sago 1% Hours
Rolled oats 2% Hours
Wheat bread 3*4 Houra
Gluten bread 2% Houra
Housekeepers or Canada! Ask of
your grocer for the brands of rice
put up oy the Imperial Rice Milling
company.
"Did you ever atop to think tbat If
you have been made big enough to
accomplish big things you ought to be
big enough to overlook little ones."
"Like the old maid who told so often
about her early love affairs, we want
to reiterate—Join the Women's Label
league In your olty, and help boost.
"Getting men to Join a union la Just
like courting a girl—you have to preeent the right kind of argument and
keep on calling."
')
THOMAS HOOPER
Architect
739 Hastings Street, W.
VANCOUVER OFFICE
Winch Building
Phons Sn. S3S1
VICTORIA OFFICE
Hibben-Booe Building
Hun* 927
An Unparalled Record
We have been making Soap in Victoria
for 39 yean and have never employed any
Asiatics. Nothing but skilled help and
purest materials are used in the manufacture
of f: XX ,1
WHITE SWAN
SOAP
W. J. PENDRAY & SONS
Limited.
VICTORIA VANCOUVER
Removal Announcement
CENTER & HANNA, LTD.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service.   1049 Georgia St., one block west of Court House.
Use of Modem Chapel and Funeral Parlors free to all patrons.
OFFICE PHONE: SEY. 6377
RES, PHONE: FAIR. 678R
A.P.BLACK
Notary Public
Real Estate and Financial Agent
418 ABBOTT STREET
VANCOUVER, B, C.
FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION B.O. FEDERATION OF LABOB
(Continued from page 2)
ventlon all resolved that what the majority has done Is for the best. We
are going to take our coats off, and
whatever -little ill Reeling may have
cropped up, let it be forgotten, and
let us determine to make this old
world a benefit for the men and women who work and live lh It. We bring
to you tbe fraternal greetings of the
men and women of Washington, the
best people that God made, the working class, your own people. I thank
you. (Applause).
The president voiced the thanks of
the convention for the two addresses.
IMPRISONED MINERS.
Del. KAVANAGH—Re. resolution
No. 71 said: Your special committee
divided tbe resolution Into two portions, and I move the adoption of part
one as previously read.
Del. McVETY—I think there will
probably be a unanimity of opinion on
the resolution. I Just want to aay thla.
I had the honor to be the foreman ot
the coroner's Jury that Investigated
the death of Joseph Hairs ln Okalla
Prison Farm. There were on that day
209 prisoners. Sick prisoners becoming objectionable to tbelr cell-mates,
are removed to a hospital. There Is
no doctor in connection with the Institute, and the evidence In the case
of Mairs was that the prisoner was
taken sick on Wednesday; on Friday
his cell mate made a complaint;
asked for medical assistance; on Saturday the head jailer heard about it,
on Sunday the doctor heard about It,
and on Monday the prescription was
filled. On,Tuesday the prisoner died.
In fairness, lt should be said that tbat
particular condition of affairs bad
nothing to do with the death of the
prisoner in question, but It indicates
a lamentable lack of care on the part
of tbe state, and a disregard of the
health of citizens who are committed
to tboae institutions, and a tendency
to return them to freedom ln a much
lower physical and mental condition
than when they are Incarcerated. In
that institution for seven months the
medical allowance was $203. The
entire medical allowance for all the
jails ot British Columbia—New Westminster, okalla Prison Farm, Vlotoria,
Kamloops and Nelson, was 12,600 and
some odd dollars for twelve months.
Charges have been made that the food
was doped, and that the men are Intimidated from asking for medical assistance oh account of expense, that
statement has been confirmed, not
only by the evidence In this particular
Instance, but by the evidence of public accounts of the province of British
Columbia, In the Okalla Prison Farm
a "trustle" Is ln charge of suoh things
as mustard, and salts and dope of
that kind. This man was troubled
with tuberculosis and peritonitis, and
a guard prescribed bot mustard for
cramps, and then they gave him a lot
of pills, and then a lot of salts. The
man had been previously operated upon for the same Illness, and nothing
could be done for him. With reference
to the statement that the prisoners are
drugged, I said the entire amount In
all jails ln B. C. was $2,500, and
I say now that the amount spent tor
drugs by contract from various druggists throughout the province was
$1,200 and some odd dollars, that ln
KamloopB the cost of medical attend
nnoe was $400, and the cost of drugs
$409, so you see these prisoners are
being doped instead of calling In
medical assistance.
I think, as I said ln the first place,
there will be a unanimity of opinion
on the part of tbe convention, but I
could not let this opportunity pass
without mentioning the statements
that have been made, and proof has
been furnished under oath by prison
authorities and "trusties."
Del. KELLY—I am not as thorough
Iv conversant with the causes of
Mairs' death probably as Delegate McVety, but judging from what various
delegates have Bald, and what I have
seen In the public press, and more particularly by what Delegate McVety
bas told us about the various medicines administered to tbe men, I think
this convention should go on record
that the jury should have brought ln
a verdict of manslaughter, instead of
the verdict they did bring ln.
Del. McVETY (continuing)—This is
outside of the subject under consideration, and lt ie a matter of urgency
that the convention should vote on
this that the matter may bu brought
before the authorities. The facts In
connection wltb the death of Main;
have not been exploited by me for a
number of reasons. My assurance to
the delegates of this convention is
tbat there was no evidence that was
produced or could have been produced
that would have warranted any such
verdict on the part ot the jury as Delegate Kelly suggests. Let It be said
here now tbat no opportunity was
overlooked of securing any evidence
that would incriminate the prison
authorities If it was there to secure.
A personal examination was made by
every member of the Jury of the body
of the deceased, and an Investigation
was made by an outside doctor. The
latter, who performed an autopsy,
stated that the cause of death was
entirely foreign to any treatment.
The statement that he died of starvation Is rot. He was engaged at the
time of Mb death ln preparing food
for the wardens and other officers of
the jail. The evidence is that he died
of intestinal tuberculosis and peritonitis. The treatment he received, In
the opinion of the doctor and ln the
opinion of the Jury was such that lt
did not make any difference. His own
father testified that he had been operated on by one of the best doctors
In the city of Glasgow some years ago,
and. the man's abdomen showed the
marks of the operation. The doctors
found that they were unable to cure
him completely. I didn't want to have
to go into this, and I don't want to do
anything to help the authorities, but
to suggest that the jury waa remiss
In Its duty la far from the case, and
It ia not fair to those who did what
they could to assist tn giving the exact knowledge of the conditions prevailing.
President SIVERTZ—In hts remarks Delegate McVety said that
Mairs had been suffering from an
Incurable disease, and death would
have occurred Irrespective of the particular condition of this case.    I trust
MINARD'S LINIMENT LUMBERMAN'S FRIEND.
Dolls and Toys
Bring the children to see our display of dolls and tops. We repair
all kinds of dolls. Our stook of
dollB' Heads Is the most complete
In the city.
MILLAR t COE    120 Hutlsn St. w.
tbe delegates will not confuse the
matter. The resolution Is to adopt
the committee's report, which is In
favor of the resolution,
Del. KELLY—The point Is not In
the treatment of tbe patient at all.
Delegate McVety has assured ub that
the treatment the man got from tbe
doctor in no way enhanced hla death
or anything of that kind. The point
Is that the lack of treatment to whtch
the man waa justly entitled Is what
accelerated the progress of the disease.
Del. McIVOR—I would like to aak
Delegate McVety If he knows
whether the statement by Mr. Atkinson Is founded on fact—that the prisoners, sick or well, are administered
an amount of saltpetre with their food
for a specific physical purpose?
Del. McVETY—I have heard the evidence of numerous prisoners from
Kamloops and New Westminster, and
they all confirm that statement
Del. MoIVOR—I wish to say that
that being so, the resolution Is not
strong enough. If the attorney-general Ib conversant of that fact, the
resolution Ib not strong enough to my
mind.
Moved that the previous question be
called for.   Carried.
Moved that part one of the committee's report be concurred In. Carried.
Del. KAVANAGH—The second portion of the resolution Is as follows:
Resolved—Flrat, tbat this convention, representing 14,000 afflliated
workers protest against the grossly
htased attitude on the benoh of Judge
Howay, county oourt Judge of the
county of New Westminster, and Mr.
Justice Morrison of the supreme
court ot British Columbia on their
brow-beating of the counsel for the
defence, the unwarranted denunciation of the witnesses for the defence
aB liars and perjurers in the trials of
minera from Vancouver Island,
Second—That a special committee
of three, one pf whom shall be President FoBter of the U. M. W. of A.
shall be appointed to confer with the
solicitors for tbe defence with a view
to preparing charges against one or
other or both judges.
Third—That the said charges be
sent to Hon. R. L. Borden, Hon. C. J.
Doherty, H. H. Stevens, M. P., and J.
D. Taylor, M. P., with a request for
the impeachment of the said judges.
Del. McVETY—I think if I can
judge anything from statement of
counsel for the defence of the miners, and If I can judge anything from
Delegate Foster, there. Ib no doubt
there Is a very good case In some particulars, particularly ln so far as
Mr, Justice Morrison Is concerned, I
did not Intend to comment on any
oases before the court, because I
might be showing my contempt tor
court, and I don't want to ahow it, I
want to conceal lt. In the cases already disposed of, referring to the
language used by the judge' in addressing the witnesses and prisoners,
I think the atatement of counsel for
the defence was that lt didn't matter
which side be (counsel) was on, the
judge was alwaya unfair, bo the recommendation of the special committee Is to take this matter up with the
solicitors. The reason that Delegate
Foster Is mentioned Is because of his
close association with the courts, he
being there every day.
Moved tbat previous question be
called for.   Carried.
Moved that the report of the committee as amended be adopted.
Carried.
Moved tbat Delegates Kavanagh,
MoVety and Foster be eleoted sb
special committee.   Carried.
Del. WELLS—Dealing with the executive committee's report regarding
employment agencies, your committee
concur In the recommendation of the
executive, and further recommend
that the incoming executive be Instructed to take such steps as are
advisable for securing the necessary
legislation along the lines recommended by the executive.
Del. McVETY—I move the adoption
of the report of the committee. In
moving the adoption of the report, I
am glad the executive ln view of the
various Insinuations handed out, they
were able to give a little credit where
lt was due. The orders-lncouncll
1028 and 1060 under section 66 of the
immigration act Is possibly the best
piece of legislation that has been
handed down in many years ln the
matter of protecting defenceless
workmen from employment sharks. A
maximum charge of one dollar has
heen fixed to be charged by employment agencies to workers. Penalties
up to a hundred dollars, or ln default 12
months' Imprisonment, have been provided for overcharging railway fares,
misrepresenting conditions and so on.
The United Mine Workers In connection with their strike had a great
deal of difficulty with an agency, and
two ofllcera of the United Mine Workers—Brothers Frank Farrington and
Foster—asked the .Vancouver Trades
and Labor council If lt would be able to
do anything that would put a certain
agency out of business. A shipment
of 61 miners from Durham, England,
came along and with the arrival of
that shipment, we were able to secure
sufficient evidence against the Cosmopolitan agency of Vancouver of
aiding and abetting the bringing of
these men to Vancouver. An examination was appointed by the minister
of the interior to Investigate those
charges, and with the assistance of
the officers of the United Mine Workers we were able to carry on an enquiry Into the conduct of that agency.
That extended for the better part of
three weeks, and resulted In evidence
of something like 700 pages taken.
After the evidence was transmitted to
Ottawa, we found we were fighting
the Canadian Northern railway and
Mackensle & Mann. Sir William Mackensle made a special trip to Ottawa
against the Cosmopolitan losing its
agency. Feeling we were going to
lose ln the case, I laid a trap for the
agenoy, laid Informations ln the
police court, despite the protests of
the Inspector, had the clerk of the
owner of the Institution lined $50 or
30 days, and in that' manner secured
the revocation of the license of that
particular agency. The agency In
question has since gone completely
out of business, but the point I want
to make here Is, that while this legislation Is excellent in bo far aB it goes,
lt only applies to men who have not
been three years In the country and
consequently haven't acquired what Ib
called a domicile. If he has been
here over three years he is no longer
considered an Immigrant. I have prepared a resolution that a separate act
should be passed by the federal authorities, making the provisions of
this order-ln-councll relating to Immigrants, apply to all classes of labor.
We were the only ones that managed
to aucceed ln the prosecution
against agencies, but It has had the
effect of making some, of them keep
a little closer in tbe right track.
Del PAYNE—There Is another
phase of this which came to my attention before the sending of the
soldiers to Nanaimo. Tha' military
headquartera in Vancouver telephoned
to different unemployed members of
the mllltla. In two cases I know of,
men received jobs to go aa special
police. I maintain the military headquartera served in that case aa an
agency. I. claim that thla act should
touch upon the military department
of the government,
Moved tbat the report of the com*
mittee be adopted.   Carried,
Del WELLS—Relating to the question of legislation prohibiting the employment of white women and glrla
by Orientals yonr committee concur
ln the recommendation of the executive committee, and further recommend that the incoming executive
committee take np this matter with
the eiecutive of the Trades and Labor
congreaa of Canada wltb a view to
bringing this matter before the dominion government.
Moved that the report of the committee be adopted.   Carried,
Del. WELLS—We endone the action of the executive committee over
the troubles on Vancouver Island,
arising out ot the use of the mllltla
and the arrest of the striking miners,
but regret that largely owing to per
sonal reasons the management of The
Federatlonist and the offlcen of Vancouver Tradea and Labor council did
not give that support to the executive
which the situation warranted, and
we also feel that had the executive
committee given more attention to
the issuing of official notices to these
parties, lt might have been possible
to bave had greater unity and more
effective cooperation with the executive. Your committee will refer more
fully to the question of The Federatlonlst's action on this question In
our report on the trustees' report.
Moved that the report of the committee be adopted,   Carried.
Del. WELLS—We endorse the action of tbe executive on the organizing work undertaken and we ore of
the opinion that they should be high
be highly commended for the
results achieved.
Del. WILKINSON—I have no objection to find with the committee's
report under the caption ot "organization," but we are Informed that
Vice-president Gray bas been engaged
in organizing, and also that Vice preaident Kavanagh has been visiting the
mining camps on behalf of the feder
atlon. In the report of the secretary-
treasurer I notice payments made out
for this work, Delegate Kavanagh to
the extent of $69.76, and Delegate
Gray to the extent of an advanced
payment of $100. I don't doubt for
one moment but that the money has
been very well Bpent, but the point I
want to enquire upon la as to why we
have no reports from these organizers
of the work they have been doing.
Del. KAVANAGH-Because It has
not been asked for.
Del. WILKINSON—It is the usual
work of penona engaged In organizing work to prepare a report and submit lt to the body who has bsen financing the work that haa been carried
on.
Del. GRAY—As one of these persons, If the time will be well spent ln
hearing me, I, for one, will be willing
to give an account of my doings. I
have prepared a report, and I asked
If I ahould give it, but the executive
thought It would be better to leave It,
and see If the convention wished for
It, as lt might not Interest them, but
If It Is Interesting to tbe convention
I am quite willing to give It to them
just the same aa It was given to the
executive.
Del. WILKINSON—At every convention I have ever attended, where
organizers have been at work, their
reports have been submitted Just the
same as any other officer and brought
back to the convention for disposal in
the same way.
Del. NEALSON—I make a motion
that these two organisers make a re
port tomorrow afternoon.   Carried.
President SIVERTZ—The ohalr will
also endeavor to explain tbe reasons
In part for the non-appearance of the
report.
Moved that the report of the com
mittee be adopted.   Carried.
Del. WELLS—I move that the report of the committee as a whole be
adopted.   Carried.
Del. WELLS—Report of secretary
treasurer. We recommend the report
of the secretary-treasurer Is satisfactory. We feel the secretary was not
responsible, but the entire executive
committee was responsible for the
letter sent out on the 48-hour strike.
We have not dealt, therefore, with It
In this report. I recommend the ad
option of the report.
Del. McVETY—I would like to ask
a question. I remark a note of a sum
of money voted to Delegate Mldgley,
$88, Immediately after the close of
the convention, and I notice a sum of
$67 voted by the convention. I would
like to know what lt Is for.
Del. WELLS—I consider that that
part of the secretary-treasurer's report dealing with finance haa been
left to the proper committee, the audit
committee, and I believe the audit
committee have reported favorably,
and therefore If the audit committeo
have found everything correct, I think
we have done right In moving the adoption of this report.
Del. McVETY—I made lt my business to enquire from tbe audit committee what was their business, and
tbelr explanation was as long as the
amountB received and the amounts
disbursed were accounted for, and the
balance on hand was correct, and so
forth, that was all they were entitled
to go Into. I want to know what that
expenditure was for.
Del. WILKINSON—I move that the
minutes of the executive committee
after the close of the last convention
be read.   Carried.
Del. WELLS—I would like to reply
to Delegate McVety as to his Idea of
the audit-committee's duty.     I feel
MINARD'S LINIMENT USED BY
PHYSICIANS
their duties are—and I have been on
many audits, and I have audited books
of a much larger organization than
this—and my duty there as an auditor
was, first of all, after seeing the receipts and vouchers were In, to see
If any moneys had been Illegally spent
for any other purpose than for
which the organization was formed
to see If all the charges made by
officers were correct, and bo on, and I
olalm If ilioy have not done this on
the secretary-treasurer's report, thoy
have not done their duty. I say tho
auditors' duty Ib to thoroughly audit
the books and see thero have been no
Illegal expenditures or overcharges of
any kind, and I claim it Is the duty of
the audit committee to act along tho
lines I have given you.
rnlei;.TR0TTP-1 w,8h' f°r «"• Information of the convention, to draw
attention to one item, a cheque for
&S I. I??1*1 *ti>e*r tllat I w«« Indebted to this convention—that I received $25.   I would call attention to
page 4, cheque No. 115, returned, $25.
I waa acting as assistant secretary
at the last convention, and the convention wanted to vote me $26, and I
said I didn't want to receive that It
was given to me by name, but returned under a number, anu I Just wanted
to clear that up.
Del. WATCHMAN—I move- that the
secretary give the ways and- means
committee's report of last convention.
Preaident SIVERTZ-Read the re-
Carried.
port of ways and means committee of
last convention and calling Vice-president Gray to take the chair, aald:
You will remember, those who were In
the convention laat year, that the
figures did not tally with the figures
contained tn the printed proceedings
nor in the report. I believe there Is
a dlufirence between the figures In
that'report and the proceedings, of
the Identical amount ot $67. On Saturday following the close of the convention our executive was In session
compiling, and arranging the matters
they were Instructed ahould be prepared for transportation to the government before they left the city. At
that time I and my colleagues started
at 9.10 a.m. compiling matten for
transportation to the government,
Mr. Pipes, who had acted aa
chairman of the ways and means committee, asked to be allowed to make
a statement regarding the ways and
means committee to the effect that
Certain errors had occurred < In the
report to the extent of $67, namely
$42 for attending the executive previous to and during the convention of
1912, and an allowance of $25 for the
year 1911. You will probably remember, at least those of the delegatea
who have followed the career of the
convention through, that the year
closing 1911 was a year of progress,
but we were ln our Infancy at that
time, and the entire amount that was
voted for the secretary's whole services waa the magnificent sum of $25.
Previous to the convention of 1912, he
bad been employed ln organizing work
and he bad to repair, together with
the executive offlcen, to the city of
Vlotoria before the convening of the
convention. So it stands to reason, aa
you all will admit, that the federation
paya tbe expenses of their offlcen In
attending these executive sessions.
They are taken from their work, and
their hotel expenses are allowed, as
Ib also' the time taken In preparing
matten for the convention. That amount In 1912 amounted in the caae of
the secretary-treasurer to $42. In
1913 the ways and means committee,
at tbelr meeting, decided that for the
year then ending, the secretary-treasurer should be allowed at the rate of
$25 per month, and In the fixing of the
amount they deducted from it certain
amounts that they thought he had
received, whether he did I do not
know, but In the amounts deducted
from that aggregate of $300 they included the $25 allowed for the year
1911, twelve months previous to that,
also his allowance for attending the
executive session previous to the convention ln January, 1913. Delegate
Pipes, the chairman of the ways and
meana committee, entered our executive room and asked to make this explanation, bringing with him thla report, and stating that this was the
correct report- He discovered this
was an error. As the chairman of the
executive committee, I pointed out to
him and the memben present that,
while I admitted that there was an
error, and this money might be due
to tbe secretary, since the committee
had made an error ln the report, that
the convention had not had an opportunity to pass on It, they were not
In a position to alter that report, and
we should leave lt and recommend
restitution to bim at this convention
My colleagues were not of my mind,
and they voted unanimously with the
exception of the secretary and myself,
to pay him this amount as Justly due
him and when I Intimated thla was an
Irregular proceeding, they Instructed
me by an unanimous vote to sign the
cheque for that. If I had refused to
sign that cheque, he would not get
the pay anyway, but they made a motion and carried It unanimously, that
the chairman he instructed to sign
that cheque, and of coune, I considered lt my plain duty to carry out
instructions ln that manner when
voted by the whole executive board.
That the money was paid him, voted
by the executive board aB stated ln
the report, is correct. ThlB wss paid
with the explanation that it was due
the man, and that It had been an error
In the report. If you think the secretary-treasurer did not earn It, and lt
was not due him, it Is for you to say
so now. I think you will admit that
It was not the Intention of the convention to deduct money for work earned the previous twelve months. The
matter, I hope, ts before you so far as
I am concerned, and It will be for you
to say whether tbo secretary-treasurer
should have got the recommendations
made ln the body of tbe report.
Del. WELLS—Read the minutes of
the executive committee meeting,
January 19, 1913.
Del. GRAY—I may say that as far
as tbe president has reported the
matter It Is quite correct. Delegate
Pipes came Into the executive room
and he pointed out where the mistake
had been made by tbat committee, and
he wished It to be rectified. I thought
that, seeing the chairman of that committee had shown us the mistake and
that lt wae clearly pointed out that
the money was coming to Secretary
Mldgley, that the convention would
not wish us, If they had known tbe
true state of matters, to hold $67 for
a whole twelve months, If they could
rectify it, and President Slvertz was
the one who was going to Inflict on
the secretary the hardship of having
to stand out for twelve months tn order that lt should come before you. I
was one to oppose that, as we are all
very anxious, Instead of waiting one
month, that we should have a weekly
pay day, and as for withholding It for
twelve months, I thought lt necessary
to give It to the secretary and explain
to this convention when this came up.
Del. McVETY—I am Indebted for
the answer to my simple question.
Dol. KNUDSON—I move that the action of the executive committee be
concurred In by this convention.
Del. KAVANAGH—I may as well
state my connection wltb this particular thing. As the president Btates,
after Delegate Pipes had pointed out
the error, the president said that, In
his opinion, the convention had ruled
and we would have to wait until the
convention came round again. I contended that to make n man wait
twelve months was beyond reason—he
might die before he ever received It,
that It was due to him for back services, and the executive should take
the onus upon themselveB.
Moved that the committee's report
be adopted.   Carried.
Dol. WELLS—Referring to trustee'B
report. Re policy. Your committee
reports ns follows: "We endorse the
action of the trustees taken after the
managing   editor  had   negotiated   a
loan for $500; hod Increased tha Mb-
scriptlon price; hod offend aa « per
rnlum tickets In a real estate to *
and hod forwarded application :
for odottlonal shares wfthoat
consulting the trustees. We
that after the action taken at
hut convention that steps wm':'
taken to provide for the annual <
tlon of the dlrecton." We did not i
how- the federation could hare any
direot control of a paper until such
time as the dlrecton should t» floe-
ted, but at the same time w< ara of
the opinion that tbe management ol
the paper, knowing the foot that thto
federation had become port ownen,
should have consulted the executive.
Del. MoVBTY—I have no L
objection to the report of the <
tee lnsofor as any action they mar
have taken ahout bringing about extraordinary meetings of tho company,
or any action to wreet the control ot
the Vancouver Tradei and Labor
council and turn It over to the fed*
atlon. 'ihey ean do thto any time i
they can get away with It, but on tbJ
particular occulon they did not WU
reference to thla, loon, thero to some]
mild criticism because the editor t
managing director of tbe paper
rowed $600 from the counoll to em.
him to take advantage of securing <
tain discounts. They aay the mana
of the paper borrowed $500 at .7 ...
cent Interest and waa able to secure
10 per cent discount on a printing
bill then owing, and that he need that
$500, with other moneys on band, to
get direct return In the shape of a
discount or rebate on the printing of
10 per cent, or $tl and eome odd
centa In connection with that particular item. If we are going to talk
business in connection with a business
enterprise, I think any delegate will
admit that when he can borrow a
sum of money for 7 per eent. nnd
moke 10 per ent on It, and at the same
time Improve his credit and assist
those wbo are printing the paper to
get away from pressing obligations, tt
la good business. The question
might be asked as to why the Federation of Labor waa not uked for too
loon Instead of the Tradei and Labor
council, but we knew the federation
did not have the funds, and we knew
the Vancouver Trades and Labor
council bad $500 lying Idle In a current account For that reuon the
money wu borrowed, and I feel the
manager has no apology to moke, and
I, u secretary-treasurer, have none,
and do not Intend to offer any. It to
a business proposition. There to no
necessity of a manager, In whom tbe
dlrecton have confidence, calling
meetinga of boards of dlrecton on such
matten of minor Importance. Insofar
as increasing tbe subscription price
b concerned, It may be urged that the
Increase In subscription price would
militate against the circulation. Experience has been found to be the
direct opposite. There bave been
more subscrlbera since the price wu
Increased than during any similar
period In the history of the paper. The
lncreue was due to numeroue reasons: you cannot lncreue the sire of
a paper from 4 to S pages and 10
pages and expect to aell It for the
same price u a four-page paper. The
Increase to $2, If you will note, to only
In the olty of Vancouver, although
the report of the trustee! did not
say so. The price has been Increued
to $2 In the city of Vancouver and
$1.60 ln other cities, and tor tbe following reason: According to the
postal regulations In thto country,
papera published In the city or In a
town where there Is a mall carrier
service, are compelled to pay 1 cent
per oopy for each and every delivery.
That Is to say, ln the city of Vancouver for every city suoscrlber you bave
It costs 62 cento a year, provided your
paper does not go over the weight
for that class of delivery. Within
a radius of 40 miles the government
undertakes to deliver free at a rate
of a quarter of a cent per lb. If tt
takes five or seven to make a pound,
you send tbe seven for a quarter of a
cent. Consequently outside the city
of Vancouver, so far as, the postage Is
concerned, It is about 25 times u
low as ln the city of Vancouver. Aa
I aay, the increase ln the cost of production warranted an lncreue ln the
cost of the subscriber, and the cost
has been met very well by the membera of organized labor. I may add
that $1 still remains the rate for
unions. As to the question of premiums ln a real estate proposition. You
will notice that all newspapers are
continually offering premiums of one
kind or another for the securing of
subscribers, and this practice Is considered perfectly legitimate. You
will Bee some other labor papera offering various works on political economy. When you elect or appoint a
manager of a proposition to look after
these matters, he does not need to
consult anybody. You appoint your
manager and secretary, and there are
certain powers you delegate to them.
Certain powers have been delegated
to the manager of The Federatlonist,
and In the exercise of those powers
he Ib criticised by the trustees because he does not take the matter up
with them. The reason I take the
matter up la to show the businesslike
policy of tbe manager.
Del. WILKINSON—I move that Delegate MoVety abaorb his five minutes
and then we adjourn.   Carried.
Del. GRAY—If this debate Is adjourned, there Is a motion on the
books at tbe present time that the
election of officers takes place Immediately after dinner. If this debate
Is adjourned, has It to be resumed Immediately after the election ot officers?
President SIVERTZ—Election ot offlcen Ib the order unless the convention takes exception.
Del. WILKINSON—I would call tbe
attention of the chair to the fact tbat
he said last night tbat an opportunity
would be given for Delegate Pettlplece to go Into the trustees' report
and dispose of that report, previous to
election.
Del. SIMMONS—I move suspension
of the rules, and that this report goes
on and the election takes place afterwards.
Dol. GREAVES—And after the constitution and lawa report also, because
there are several clauses that affect
the election of officers.
Del. SIMMONS—I will embody the
suggestion of Delegate Greavea.
President SIVERTZ—Ii to moved
and seconded that the order ot bualneaa be suspended and the adjourned
debate on this be continued until disposed of, and the election of offlcen
be adjourned until after the trustees'
report and committee on constitution
and Ibwb be disposed of.   Carried.
Moved and seconded fhat the convention adjourn until 1.30.   Carried
The convention then adjourned.
Afternoon Session
Thursday, Jan. 29, 1914.
Preaident SIVERTZ opened the
proceedings.
Del. 8IMMONS moved the following resolution:
(Continued on page 8) PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH U0.LUAIH1A FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY FEBRUARY 6, 1914.
ADVERTISEMENT
By BAH ATKINSON.
Tbe subject of the lecture ln the
Colonial theatre next Sunday, February 8th, will be "The Crime of Poverty." The organ recital commences
at 7:30, lecture at 8 o'clock.
Thursday evening, February 12th, a
continuation of the discussion on Dr.
C. V. Cook's lecture, "Some Fallacies
of Socialism."
The particulars of the St. Valentine's social will be announced Sunday
, ln tbe Colonial theatre.
f EXCERPTS.
•f By Sam Atkinson,
jr We cannot complain about the Immigration policy of the British Co-
'lumbla government. The Chinese
(never wanted to associate with ub.
I They looked down upon us and de-
■ •plied us. We battered In the door
| In the Interests of opium and Christ,
and this Is wbat we get for lt.
* *   *
The B. C. government la the greatest in the world. We ought to advertise throughout Europe the facta of
their great discovery. The government
haa solved the problem of the high coat
of living. The Minera' Liberation league
came into possession of a slip from
one of the account books of the jail.
They found that it costs only 3%
cents a meal to feed a prisoner. Ten
and a half cents per day. Talk about
the unemployed. Poverty? Why
there need be no trouble In tbat direction. Why worry about the bills,
Let ub all go to jail and the trouble
will be over.
* *   *
One preacher has visited the bureau
for the unemployed. How different
from 2,000 years ago. "And all that
believed were together and bad all
tblngs ln common. . - . Neither
was  there  any  among  tbem   that
lacked."
.   *   *   •
The chickens can teach us a lesson.
"Bhut up, Freddie, I'm not talking
about that kind—I mean the kind that
■cratch for a living. Their motto la,
'Scratch where you pleue and keep
all you've scratched for.'"
* *   *
Every social condition which makes
ihe lite ot man ln society insincere
and Imperfect ia a social factor contributing towards criminality. Our
social fabric Is built upon this principle, your death li my life. Thoae
who aecure a living do so at the expense of those who do not   This Is
cannibalism.
* •   •
Don't Wake 'Em Up.
Q.—What did you tell that man Just
nowT
A.—I told Wm to hurry.
Q.—What right have you to tell him
to hurry?
A.—I pay him to hurry.
Q.—What do you pay him?
A.—Two dollars a day. •
Q.—Where do you get the money to
pay him?
A.—I ull bricks.
Q.—Who makes the bricks?
A.—He doei.
Q.—How many bricks doei he make?
A.—Twenty-four men can make 24,-
000 bricks a day.
4—Then Instead of you paying him,
he payi you five dolara a day for
•landing around and telling him to
hurry?
A,—Well, but I own tbe machinery.
Q.—How did you get the machinery?
A.—Sold hrlcka and bought lt.
Q.—Who make the bricks?
A.—Shut up, you'll make the fools
wake up and make their ov-n bricks.
JAMES  BAIRD
Youthful Nanaimo Miner Pound Guilty
at Wutmlniter Assizes
James Balrd, 22 yean old, the fint
of the Nanalmo minera to be tried In
connection with the troubles lut
Auguit, wu found guilty at New
Westmlnater on Wednesday of "unlawful uiembly." Mr. Justice Morrl-
* un, In addressing the Jury, said that
the charge against tbe accuaed wu
proved up to the hilt. "The assembly
wu unlawful," added his lordship, and
be (Balrd) was certainly a member of
it" Apparently the Jury obeyed tbe
Judge as they were only out a quarter
of an hour before bringing in their
verdict.   Sentence wu deferred..
I A. 8. WELLS
Secretary-treasurer-elect or the B, C Federation of Labor, to succeed V. R. Midgley, ex-organlser of viae Amalgamated Society ot Carpenters, and an actlvo
Victoria unionist.
FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION B.C. FEDER-
ATION OF LABOR
(Continued trom page 7)
Situation of Miners
Whereu—This federation haB received a telegram from the convention of the U. M. W. ot A. conveying
the information that tbey are still behind the miners of Vancouver island
tn their fight; be it therefore
Resolved—That tbe secretary of
this federation send a wire to Geo.
Pettigrew, tbe Island mlnen' representative at the Bald convention, expressing our appreciation of thla fact;
and that the convention express our
undivided support of the striking
miners, and that we form ourselves
Into a committee of tbe whole to consider the miners' situation on Friday
morning.
The motion wu adopted.
The Federationist
Del. KAVANAGH—With reference
to the $600, which lt has been stated
WU borrowed by the editor of The
Federatlonist and wblch Delegate McVety pointed out wu good business
on his part, inasmuch u It saved a
trifle of money on a commission basis,
I am not kicking about the business
ability displayed on that occasion.
What I say, as a trustee, Ib that auch
action should not bave been taken
without consulting with the directors
of that particular company. We as
memben of organized labor are not
going to go Into tbe finer points of
bUBlness, hut we have an lntereat In
a certain company, the B. C. Federatlonist company limited, and as your
trustees we consider, that ln any action Involving the solvenoy of that
company we should be consulted. And
that to the main reuon why we object to that particular action. With
regard to the election of offlcen, lt
hue been stated that Delegate Wilkin-
The Modern Knight.
Hen sigh for good old days of yore,
The days of blood and lust,
When man would die for woman'a
■mllei
Nor think the price unjust.
They talk of bloody battlefield,
The itruggle hand-to-hand,
When men poured out their blood ln
streams
For love of native land.
Today, my friends, I'll tell you this,
We do not need to look
To find our struggling 'ventures writ
Inside a musty book.
The warlike knight and lady fair
Have long since passed away;
But we have heroea in our midst
Al brave as him today.
And they are making grandest flght
Since earliest dawn of time.
Their ranks are ever being filled
From every land and clime.
They know not class distinction;
Cire not for wealth or birth.
They flght with mighty object—
They flght to win—the earth!
Their enemies are ignorance,
Envy and love of gold.
The mlghty's pride and arrogance
Starvation, wont and cold.
**5ey cannot be defeated,
And none can bar their way.    -
They're like a mighty torrent
Advancing day by day.
And soon they'll leap the barrlen
Now crumbling to their fall,
And soon they'll win the guerdon
Of liberty for all.
—FRED DAVIS.
Nanalmo, Jan. 25,1914.
rangements. We were all working
under a misunderstanding tbat one or
the other had made arrangements to
pay the wages. I returned to Vancouver on Saturday morning and went
to see Delegate Pettlplece and he said
he was instructed by Frank Farrington not to pay me as lt was the
United Mine Workers' business.^ He
was willing to pay me for the copy,
but I said no. Since that time, because of the attitude of the paper at
that time, I have never contributed
to tbe paper. Wlih regard to our efforts to buck the paper, I may say
tbat I had at no time the Idea of displacing Delegate Pettipiece, but I
had this Idea that the editor should
be hired by the directors and the policy of the paper ahould be under the
complete control of the dlrecton, and
they should decide the course to be
pursued and what went Into the
paper. I suggested that ln our meeting at Victoria. It was said that I
bad designs myself and wanted to be
editor. With all due respect to myself, and I have a very good opinion
of myself—that was not bo. I did
not imagine for one moment—although I claim now that I can write
u good u Delegate Pettlplece—that
I knew enough about tbe printing of
a paper and certainly did not know
this side of the business aB does the
present editor. My only Idea was
control of the paper and responsibility of tbe editor to the dlrecton for'
everything that went into the paper
That Is the stand I took. I hold now
and have held since, that the
editor ahould be under control of the
directors and not managing director
of the paper, and 'any efforts that
have been made on behalf of the federation ln thla direction have been justified. As I undentand Delegate McVety, he says that the Trades and
Labor council have built up tbls
paper. It may be that he to right
so far as they may have started I
paper, but I maintain that tn ao far
aon retired. It to quite true he did as the Trades and Labor .council Is
ao, but he wu retired by the votes concerned they do not by any means
of your trustees and some of the represent the majority* of those who
Trades and Labor council of Vancou- have an Interest tn tbe paper,
ver. He did not retire voluntarily. Del. MAIDEN—Mr. Chairman, I
Your late executive and the present would like to aak a question of the
majority of the dlrecton of the com- men who run thto paper. I notice In
pany voted to elect him to offlce the report that the vote on a certain
again and they failed ln so doing. Do matter was 5005 against 6000. That
not imagine the retirement waa vol- shows tbat whoever haa control of the
untary on bto part, but because lt was Interest ln tbe paper has adopted the
so desired. Aa to how the paper has capitalistic policy of holding 51 per
grown despite the efforts of offlcen cent, of the stock, and the rest have
of thto federation to oppose lt, I will practically no share ln the control
only speak for myself. As far as the whatever. And yet these gentlemen
secretary-treasurer to concerned, the shoot off ln this convention about tbe
business of thto federation, or at least capitalists while all the time they
Woman's love Is like Scotch snuff;
You take one dose and that's enuff.
"A man's arm Is 30 Inches long; a
womans waist Is 30 Inches round.
How wonderful are thy works, oh
nature!"
"If you are a lemon, don't complain
tr you get squeesed."
that portion of It which to ot value to
the membenhlp, to mainly the report
of tbe executive committee tn lta
meetings. The executive committee
met once thto year, and, contrary to
what has been itated by the editor
of that paper the official report of
tbat committee was published In the
same Issue u the Interview accorded
to Delegate Gray, vice-president of
the organization. The Interview with
Vice-president Gray was given prominence on the front page and the report of the executive wis given an Inconspicuous place on the back page.
Wltb regard to myself, I have-been
on good terms with the editor of the
paper up to the time ot the Arena
meeting In the city of Vancouver,
and I have never been on bad terms
with him at any time or with any of
that executive, and am not now. I
opposed them—mark you this, what
I carry on In thla particular meeting,
what I carry on In the Vancouver
TradeB and Labor council as an officer of the council I do not carry outside of those meetings. I opposed
Delegate Wilkinson, the secretary, aB
much u any man ln that council, 'yet
I can Bay that I am perfectly friendly with J. W. Wilkinson, and he Ib
with me.. Outside of the council we
do not flght as Individuals, and I do
not carry my differences of opinion
outside as personal and individual
distaste. I like Del. Pettlplece, but I
do not like his policy with regard to
certain things. I have no quarrel
wlttyDel. Pettipiece or Del. MoVety
as Individuals, but It Is their conduct
as offlcen and directors of the paper
I am criticising. Just bear that ln
mind. Now, with regard to any efforts
we have made to stop or deter the
paper I wish to say, and Delegate
Pettlplece will admit It, that I collaborated wtth him In the early part
of the year. In the early part qf the
year I labored extensively with him
as regards contributions to the paper,
In July or August I was sent over to
the Island to write up Crothers' visit
to the mine district. I went at the expense of The B. C. Federatlonist limited, and I was paid wagea and expenses for that trip. After I came
back I contributed several articles
and wrote various things for the
paper for which I received altogether
In tbe neighborhood of $40. At the
shareholders' meeting to show whether pr not we were bucking The
Federatlonist, I will say that not only
did we not suggest disposing of Pettlplece, but I voted to Increase his
salary $5 a week. In this way, things
went along until the time of the
meeting In the Arena. I had been up
with Oeorge Pettigrew to try and pull
out the miners at Squamtsh. We had
succeeded. There was, however, a
misundentandlng as to who should
pay my wages during that time, as to
whether The Federatlonist or the
United Mine Workers. I referred the
mutter to Delegate Pettipiece at the
request of Mr. Pettigrew. It was
not paid, however, as he made no ar-
are adopting the capitalistic principle
themselveB, I ask that question and
would like to have it replied to why
that extra five votes over 5000 to held
by' somebody who actually thereby
holds the control of the paper,
Del. McVETY—The answer to that
question is: When you undertake to
Incorporate any company, the signatories to the application must be Individuals. The' signatories to the application of The Federatlonist were Individuals, It Is necessary for these
individuals to accept one ahare and
to pay par for tbat share, and ln this
Instance, the only shares ever paid
for ln oash have been the five shares
referred to and paid for by Individual
members of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor council when the paper
was Incorporated, hence there are five
shares floating ln addition to the 5000
shares held by the federation and the
5000 held by tbe Trades and Labor
council. Those men- are the referees
to see that between the Trades and
Labor council and tbls federation
holding equal number of shares each,
no one gets the worst of lt.
Del. WELLS—Mr. Chairman, 1
would like to ask Delegate McVety
to show this convention who those
five men are who hold these five
shares, so that the convention may
Judge how those five shares are likely to be used at any time.
Del. McVETY—The five shares, Mr.
Chairman, are held by the following
memben of the Trades and Labor
council, each holding one share:
Messrs. Pettlplece, Wilkinson, McMillan, Campbell, MoVety.
Del. GRAY—Mr. Chairman, I think
this thing ts quite plain and I would
not like to label It, but I tell you,
gentlemen, It would take more time
than this convention hu at Its disposal to talk on this affair and go Into the matter ot thto labor machine
that has been framed up with two defective cogs ln tt—one of these defective cogs being Secretary Mldgley.
And, while there Is a battle on here,
let me tell you that thto battle was
raging months ago; and lt Is not a
new thing today. It Just amounted
to this, that In tbe machine I got
condemned and was shunted by the
Investigating committee. The delegates will understand that there are
a number of things that they do not
want to come up. I will tell you
where the Whole thing to.' I was buttonholed by three . gentlemen here
and I was along with the machine at
that time for anything I know. I
was told by the gentlemen I am referring to that there was one of the
executive that had to be got rid of
and that was Mldgley. I asked the
reasons and certain reasons were
given. They can deny that tf they
like—lt to ao all the same. After
the election took place ln convention
I was again approached and the con
venation made that they were going
to have the control of The Federatlonist and that Delegate Pettlplece
and Delegate McVety would take over
the paper rather than let the controlling interest go to the federation.
Ii is therefore, patent to everybody
tbat while they are charging us with
beiug interested In ourselves, the
very same charge lies against them,
and tbey own that and that te just
where the whole thing lies. Regarding tbe prestige of the paper, the Impression hae gone forth among tbe
labor men of this province that it te
only a fake labor paper, and that feeling and opinion has gone all through
the Pass, and it is the sentiment of
the mlnen today. With regard to my
giving a report to Delegate Pettlplece
about the executive meeting, I have
never seen that report on the executive business at all. They took private conversation and used It without my consent or knowledge that
they were going to do so. I did not
know until the matter was mentioned
here, anything about It,* and I have
never seen the paper that it is contained in. Tbe fact remains that at
tbe time of my conversation with Delegate Pettlplece I did not know he
wu going to publish any statement
over my signature, making lt appear
as an official report. The fact that
tbey did so will give you delegates
here an idea of how they have been
conducting the affairs of the paper.
Del. NORRIS—Ab a delegate to the
lut convention I voted ln favor of
the B. C. Federation of Labor procuring a halt Interest ln The Federa-
tlontet wblcb wu on tbe tapis at that
time. No mention was made at that
time to the best of my recollection
that, shares were held apart from the
10,000 shares held by the Trades and
Labor counoll of Vancouver. My Impression wu that the B. C. Federation of Labor was obtaining a half
Interest ln The B. C. Federatlonist,
and I fall to see how any purchaser
of a half Interest does not also get a
half lntereat ln the say. It te news
to me to find tbat the controlling Interest ln the paper Ib vested ln five
men ln the city of Vancouver and
that this federation cannot procure Its
fair share and say in Its operation. 1
am going to support the resolution.
It has been stated that these gentlemen are hot going to allow the control of the paper to get out of their
hands. I am heartily ln tavor of
gentlemen having full control
and tbat the paper should be In their
entire possession also.
Del. MCMILLAN—Seeing that my
name has been mentioned as one of
the shareholders I was one of the
five that voted against your federation trustees,, and, aa long as I remain
a shareholder and your trustees pursue the same policy I will always vote
the same way, and you cannot blame
me. As to certain delegates taking
credit to themselves for contributing
to the paper, I know quite a few
people that, since these parties left
off writing have taken up subscriptions to ihe paper. I am going to
give you my opinion as to what the
reason waa for a change of attitude
lb your trustees. For some nine or
twelve months previous to what happened In your trustees' report the
paper was being delayed. Instead of
being put In the malls on Friday it
wbb delayed until Saturday or Sunday. This was a matter ot common
knowledge and anyone going on
Saturday or Sunday, or even on
Monday could Bee the mall lying In
the buement of the prlnten. The
paper was taken from that printer
and put Into the hands of another
printer ln the same building and Immediately after that all the hubbub
arose that the directors were doing as
they liked and the manager too, aiid
they had to tie the Jingle can to him.
But that policy did not succeed and
I do not see why tt should.
Del. KELLY—I notice that since
the paper has been enlarged and Increased in price that a great amount
of space ta devoted to advertisements
of msny firms whose policy Is antagonistic to the Interests of the working class. One of the delegates asked
a queatlon of the secretary-treasurer
thla morning aa to the reuon for the
Increased subscription price end we
were told that lt wu Impossible to
produce an eight or ten page paper at
the same cost as the former four page
paper. I think, Mr. Chairman, that
the money received for thla advertising would more than offset the extra
six or. seven sheets of the paper If
It were devoted to propaganda' work.
DeL NAYLOR—The delegates have
wandered away from the point ln this
dtecusslon. ThlB money haB been
loaned and lt seems that the men
who borrowed tt do not think that
the truatees of this federation should
have anything to say in the matter.
Now we, as joint shareholders, as
members of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, have thto fact to face, if thto
loan had gone the wrong way, that
Is to say, If it hadn't been successful
we should have been face to face
with a direct loss to the funds of the
federation. Because lt has been successful does not make the principle
right, as some of those concerned
seem to think, as they are trying to
make the success of this deal cover
It up. We bave In district 18 an officer who defaulted ln a similar way
through Investing funds in his keeping in real estate and that money
has never been paid back. I am against this money being used by anyone except the trustees and direct-
on as a whole. In answer to a question by Delegate Maiden bb to whether the federation purchased a half
Interest tn The Federatlonist lt was
stated that the agreement mentioned
only 5000 shares tbe same as held by
the Vancouver TradeB and Labor
council. There was no written agreement, merely a committee report and
the report was adopted ln convention.
Del. MAIDEN—Then we did not
purchase a half lntereat.
President SIVERTZ—It waa understood' but not so stated.
Del. ORAY—The question I want to
ask Is was It stated on the floor of
the convention last year when this
question was discussed that these Ave
shares would not be used, that to to
say their votes would not be used.
President SIVERTZ—I have no
such recollection.
Del. DODD asked the president a
series of questions as to whether or
not there was a algned agreement in
connection with the tranafer of the
shares, and the president again stated
that there waa no atoned agreement,
but that the report-to purchase wu
adopted In convention and when the
$200 was paid the transaction was
complete, and 5000 ahares were turned over to the federation,
Del. McVETY—Ib lt not a fact, Mr.
Chairman, that the secretary-treasurer opposed the motion on the
ground tbat the federation was getting a gold brick, and I myself opposed It on the ground that the
Trades and Labor councU wae getting
a gold brick. <
President SIVERTZ—I will reply to
that. It Is true that on the final vote
the former executive offlcen of the
federation, with the exception of myself, opposed ,'the purchase of -the
shares by the 'federation, but for the
twelve months previous they had advocated It. In the meantime the election of officers took place and In less
time than it takes to empty a glass of
water they had changed their minds
with the exception of Secretary Midgley, who opposed it from' the flrst
to the lut.
Del. PETTIPIECE—When the time
comes I propose to deal with this
queatlon and I ask the delegates to be
patient, as I can clear up a few questions, and If we go ahead and get to
the recommendation, when I have
Stated my caae then you will have the
situation before you.
President SIVERTZ — The chair
wishes to point out to the convention
that there are several other clauses
of the report, this particular clause
refers to ue question of administration and control ot tbe paper.
Del. McVETY—I wish to ask a question of the chair. Waa Delegate Midgley present at the executive meeting
of tbe Trades and Labor council when
the $500 was borrowed. I will ask
Delegate Midgley through you, Mr.
Chairman.
Del. MIDGLEY—Yes, and I opposed lt ln the council.
Del. McVETY—I will ask another
question through you, Mr. Chairman.
Did Delegate Mldgley raise the question that it should be referred to the
trustees before being borrowed.
Del. MIDGLEY—Ycb, I did.
Del. McVETY—Was Delegate Mldgley present at the TradeB and Labor
council.
Del. MIDGLEY—Yes.
Del. McVETY—Did he bring lt In on
the floor of the meeting that the matter be referrd to the shareholders of
this federation before this money was
borrowed.
Del. MIDGLEY—I do not remember
having done so. I made my objection
in the executive.
The previous question was moved.
Chairman WELLS read the section
under discussion and the committee's
report thereon was adopted.
Chairman WELLS then reported
the committee's recommendation that
tbe necessary steps be taken to secure
at least equal voting power wtth all
other shareholders, following which
the committee further recommends
that the federation dispose of its Interest In The Federatlonist. At the
present time the TradeB and Labor
council and this federation have each
6,000 shares, and five other members
of the TradeB and Labor council hold
tive shares, and so bave the balance
of power and practical control of the
paper. This power the committee
considers should he taken away from
theae people. They are the servants
and they have become the dictators ot
the federation. I move the adoption
of the committee's report.
DeL FOSTER was allowed to make
an announcement as a matter of privilege. I have this morning been consulting with our counsel, and he has
requested that from the actions of
Justice Morrteon In court that he
would like to come down at the end of
the session this afternoon and meet
the convention as a committee of the
whole, providing that the reporters
and the stenographers und all othen
not delegates be excluded trom the
room. He would be consulting with
the members as clients, and would
Uke to give an explanation of Judge
Morrison's actions, If the convention
would grant htm that privilege.
Motion to grant the request of counsel was carried and a time set for the
Interview. t
Del. NORRIS—I rise to amend by
the addition of the words at the end
of the report, "and tbat tbe executive
be so Instructed." That will make lt
more specific, and the executive will
have the necessary authority to dispose of the interest of this federation.
Del. BENSON—I wish to move an
amendment to the amendment, that
the Vancouver Tradea and Labor
council have the flnt chance to purchase the shares of The Federation-
tot,
Del. WILKINSON—At the same
price which was paid tor them?
Del. BENSON—I accept that.
Del. PETTIPIECE—Mr. Chairman,
at the lut convention, The B, C.
Federatlonist occupied at least one
day's attention of this convention, and
lt looks thto year as though it was
going to occupy two day's discussion
of this federation. Probably, no matter what may be our views on the
question, the motion submitted by the
committee might prove the best solution. Delegate Kavanagh has stated
that lt hu been his constant endeavor
to eliminate personalities ln this con*
ventlon. I may say tbat I also am going to try and pursue that policy. This
whole question is much deeper than
the delegatea here have any idea of,
and before I get through Delegate
Gray and the other two defective cogs
In the wheel will be told all about It,
If you will juat be patient for a few
minutes. I am not going to talk about
tblngs that cannot be proved. It to a
question tbat has got to be settled today, and I, tor one, am willing to abide
by your decision. The Vancouver
Tradea anu Labor council aome years
ago organised The Wage Earner as a
monthly paper. It was the first
Trades and Labor council that had
taken up a paper ot Its own. Later on
thto paper was Issued twice a month,
and Btlll later the Vancouver TradeB
and Labor council decided that this
was not enough. They wanted to give
the paper a provincial status and
changed tt to The B. C. Federatlonist.
We then came to the B. C. Federation
of Labor and offered to give them
5,000 shares for $200—just what lt
cost to Incorporate the company, lt wu
not looked upon aB a purchase of the
5,000 shares at all, but lt was felt that
to thus spread the ownership would
give the paper a provincial standing,
and It would be regarded as a provincial expression. This arrangement
was duly effected and the transfer of
the shares made. ThlngB went along
fairly well until then. So far as I am
concerned I confess I do not know
very much about company law, but we
found that the Incorporation of a company Involved certain methods that
must be carried out tn tbe matter of
the election of officers, so u to Secure continuity of the company and of
Its policy by the majority of tbe shareholders. The affairs of the company
drifted along nicely up to the August
meeting. In the meantime there was
developed ln this province certain factions, aa to the result of a split ln the
convention one year ago. It has been
argued by Delegate Naylor that we
must have no bosses. I am here to
say that you cannot run a paper or
any other kind of business without a
boss, I was placed In charge as the
managing editor, and aB long as I am
there I will be the boss. But remember you bave the machinery to remove
me.. I have been reproached by various members of the socialist party,
but after the squabble ln the convention laat year I deolded to remain
neutral. I was endeavoring to dater
to four or five different schools of
opinion. I took the position that I
was  publishing  a  labor newspaper,
and that thia should be my attitude,
Thlnga went along very nicely. I was
approached by the membera of the
socialist party of Canada, and asked
If I would consider a proposition to
take over the mailing list of the Western Clarion. After some conferences
about the matter, I said "yes," and
subsequently the Western Clarion was
discontinued. This went along until
I discovered that there were membera ln the labor movement that were
determined that organized labor must
pay tbe freight while the socialists
would supply the brains. Aa soon as
lt came to a place where I had to decide between the socialist party and
the trade unionist of British Columbia,
I decided to stay with the unions, and
this resulted In the re-establlshment of
the Western Clarion. All this time
there waB a strike on Vancouver island. The responsible officers of the
Federation of Labor got busy sending
out circulars calling for a forty-eight-
hour etrlke, declaring that they did
not believe In agreements and tearing
from under the trade union movement
every fundamental It must rest upon.
Then came along the offlcors of the
miners on strike, and they said we
don't agree with thlB talk of Irresponsible offlcen of the federation. They
wanted me to assist ln organizing the
miners on the Island. I consulted with
Brother Frank Farrington and President Foster, as the representatives of
the miners. Who helped to get the
finanoial help necessary to make thie
strike a success? Was lt not Brother
Frank Farrington? Thto to a strike
that cannot be run on hot air. In this
caae I have not only had my critics to
meet in this convention, but my case
hu been submitted to a carefully selected Inquisitorial committee, hand-
picked for the purpose.
Del. WELLS—I objeot to your statement,
Del. PETTIPIECE—That to what I
expected.
President   SIVERTZ—Your   objection Is out of order now.
Del. PETTIPIECE—I submit that
there has been enough said by Delegate Wells today to show that he was
prejudiced ln tbe premises and selected to bring In this kind of a report.
It came to a place in the history of
The Federatlonist where I had to
chose between the responsible expression of the trades union movement or
the Irresponsible actions of men who
were sending out appeals for strikes.
I took the position tbat I was going to
stick with the miners. If there te any
penalty for that, and for* deserting the
truatees under those circumstances, I
will take my medicine if the Vancouver Trades and Labor council sees tit
to remove me. They have the power
to do so. The trustees of this organization when they discovered that
they could not run thto proposition,
proceeded to dig up various technicalities.' They discovered that there was
possibly some technicality ln the last
shareholders' meeting. They got a
lawyer to prepare a call for an extraordinary meeting. Juat about this
time not only was the Western Clarion reestablished, but certain differences of opinion developed between
myself and the printer. Just as soon
as I found It necessary to change my
printer tbe fireworks began. I discovered that I wasn't getting the price
that the Western Clarion was getting
for the same work. I made complaints
to the printer, and one word led to
another, until finally, I arranged for
another printer. I had contended that
the volume of business of the paper
warranted a lower price. He aald, "I
will tell you what I will do. You owe
me for the last six weeks' Issue; If you
will shorten your credit to thirty days
I will give you a 101 per cent, discount." Thto was because be wanted
new machinery and needed the
money. He made me a good proposition. I found myself, u manager, with
$200, and I wanted $700 or $800. I
consulted my dlrecton. Knowing tbat
The Federation of Labor did not have
any money I went to the Vancouver
Trades and Labor council and made
application to the executive and
stated my caae. I got their support,
except from Delegate Mldgley. We
gave them the note of The Federationist. I then went to Mr. Kingsley,
tbe printer, and paid htm and secured
a discount of $68 and something odd
at one crack, so that I made about
$300 on the whole transaction on discounts on tbe rest ot the account. I
went further. When I took occasion
to find fault about the delivery of the
paper and the price ot producing the
paper, not being able to get much satisfaction, I changed my printer. That's
where my troubles began. The socialist party of Canada had got so accustomed to patronage of the organ
of the tradea unions paying the way
and carrying them along that everything under heaven bas been started
from that day to this. This organization I charge with a deliberate attempt to discredit me by the most
contemptible means conceivable, My
friends Delegates Gray and Kavanagh,
were 'organizers. And I will tell you
that they were organizers of stories
about Pettlplece and how he was trying to bring Into being a labor party.
These stories were circulated ln Nelson and other places and on Vancouver Island, and all over the province.
From letters ln my possession from
different parts ot the province I know
that these stories were circulated
wholesale, and I want to brand them
here as damnable falsehoods. I am
now endeavoring to keep The Federatlonist within the confines of a labor
newspaper. I do not want lt to be
without a policy. Thto federation had
endorsed the principles of socialism.
That gave me the authority to stick
to the principles and leave the various
partlea to work out the details. As to
parties, I will support whatever the
parties of organized labor decide that
they want. Furthermore, I charge not
only the circulation of thto false
rumor, but that lt was made as difficult as possible for me to change
printers. After paying for my mailing list from week to week I was compelled to buy the whole thing again,
and lt cost something like $300. They
went further. Before the last general
strike In Vancouver I proceeded with
the publication of a directory called
"The Western Canada Union Directory." I received the endorsement of
the Trades and Labor counoll to publish It. I went to Kingsley. I wun't
then connected with The Federatlonist I got a figure of something like
$500 for that pamphlet. When I was
tn the middle of lt along came the
general strike and It was simply Impossible to get any further advertising. I went to Mr. Kingsley and said
that I was up against It, and that I
hadn't enough advertisements to
make the publication go. He said,
"Go on,.old man, and I'll see you
through."" A few weeks Utter I turned
over all I got from the sale of ads. ln
that directory, About a year and a
half ago, he said to me, "I guess you
have done aa well as you could out of
that directory proposition, and we will
call lt square. I want to say that I
never got a cent from Kingsley on any
score.   Now, it ts strange that this
ole
i of
1 buls.
"I
tty^Lt—m
ie unit
should be jigged up only today.   The
big noise is not Kavanagh or Midgley, not the chairman  of the  committee, but Kingsley.   These conspiracies' are hatched ln the "bear-pit" of
the Vancouver Labor Temple, and I
want to tell you that when It came to
the place where 1 had to atand by organized labor and trade unionism or
the soctaltot party/ I stuck to the <
former, and there I stand today.  Having gained the allegiance ot two-thirds
of the membera of the executive, the
federation trustees went to them; and
got them to use a confidence ths' did
not belong to them and called a    <x-
traordinary meeting.    When it    me
to the TradeB and Labor coune:    • ■*
great was  their confidence  in      i
present officers they took the \
power out of the hands of the v
exeoutlve and put lt lh the hand.,
two officers.   I tell you the Trades
and Labor oouncll ana the memben
of the executive, with wbom I have discussed the situation on the Island,
have Bald to me, "Stay with it and
we wlU stay with you; there is  no
other course for you but to support
Farrington ana Foster and the men on
strike." I tell you, gentlemen, it to no
sinecure running a labor paper. They
talk about paying for shares.   T^re
never was a dollar put into Tbe federatlonist except the  $200  for 5,000
shares.   The paper has paid lta way
ln spite of the Increase to eight pages
and probably It will be larger ln the
future.   It la now on Its feet.    You
have had hundreds and hundreds of
columns more of strike news than you
could otherwise have had, ahd It has
made possible tb have an open forum
for the workera to voice their opinions.   It Is the only paper along the
coast that we have.  I do not say lt to
perfect   I have h|d to do a lot of
thlnga, within the limits ot capitalism, that I hated personally to do. But
until you get to the point where the
trade union movement will arouse Itself ln support, then lt to up to me to
put the paper on a commercial buls.
It haa got to solicit advertising-
not be too exacting.   If you wef
be consistent ln the trade union /
ment you would not lut twenty)
houra.   We u unionists, ore the l
Inconsistent, bunch on earth,- except
possible the socialists.   I am willing
to rest my case.  I do not believe the
federation will blame   me   for   the
coune   pursued. ' It  will   probably,
however, be just as well to decide,
once and for all, who to to run the
paper and who to to be responsible
for Its policy.    I understand that the
present offlcen have as fine a little
machine organization u ta possible
among themselves, and their organizes have worked beautifully, and I
take my hat off to them, although
they do Intend  to get  Pettlpleces's
scalp.    I uderstand that they have
now arranged to publish a paper, tor
this federation, of their own.   I give
you the statement for  what  lt  to
worth.   They Intend, if reinstated ln
offloe, to begin a paper of their own,
io that you wtll not only have these
things thrashed out ln convention, but
also in   the   two   papers   the   year
round. I have done th ebest I could and
have tried to be aa fair aa I could to
all sections ot the labor movement. I
supported the labor candidates In New
Westminster and the S. D. P. candidates at Nanalmo, and lt there bad
bun an 8, P. of C. candidate at Fernle I would have supported hint. And
If the Trades and Labor council In
Vancouver decide what It wants   I
will support It   You cannot expect
he to pleue everybody.
Del. KAVANAGH—I wish to ask a
question. It was stated by Delegate
Pettlplece wat I, as an organizer, bad
itated that he was going to start a
labor party. I wish any delegate here
to say whether I ever mentioned thto
to any man ln thto convention. Is
there any member from Ladyimlth,
Nanalmo, Cumberland or South Wellington who can say that I ever mentioned Delegate McVety or Delegate
Pettlplece?
Del. McVETY—The assertion was
made that there would be an effort
made at this convention to itart a
labor party.
Del. KAVANAGH—I never did.
Del. McVETY—Then I wish to sny
that you have heen misrepresented.
Del. WELLS—I wish to say to
Delegate Pettlplece thit when he says
I have been carefully selected, no man
can carefully select me and put me
where be wants me—not even Delegate Pettlplece. I will defy any man
to bring the accusation against the
president of going down, to iuch despicable pettiness as to select a committee for such a purpose aa that of
bringing down any man tn the labor
movement. This convention will bear
me out In tbat. I want to say thto,
and Delegate Pettlplece himself
knows lt to be true, that I bave gone
down the line defending his actions.
Del. PETTIPIECE—That's true, up
till recently.
Del. WELLS—Yes, up till recently.
I have a right Mr. Chairman, to
change my mind with regard to any
man ln the labor movement who holds
any official position, and I am going
to do that whqnt-ver I have fit and
proper reasons tor doing so. The
committee's report to a mild report on
this particular part of the proceedings. Delegate Pettlplece hu stat id
that Kingsley was the big smoke behind thto proposition. I have nevir
exchanged two dozen words with
Kingsley In my Ufe. He bas tto control of my thoughts, neither hu any
other man. There was a time when
Delegate R. P. Pettlplece had the
Idea that they had me organized. I
am willing to be organized, providing,
It Is In the Interests of the working
class, but there Is no organisation In
this convention that has a hold on me,
I am willing enough when lt Is to the
benefit of the working class, but not
to serve the personal Interests of any
Individual. ■
(Continued in Feb. 13th issue)
AN EASY METHOD FOR
VANCOUVER UNION MEN
TO ASSIST THE "FED.''
        ■ s
Patronize Federationlit advertisers and tell them why.
When a merchant teli's you
there to no demand for the
union label, and gives that as
hli reason for failure to havo It,
Juit remind htm that you will
withhold your patronage until
such time as he considers youn
as a demand,
A few such Jolti will stir him
up. Taking something ei'se will
never produce results.
COWAN St BROOKHOUSE
Printers of B. C. Federationist
Labor Temple.cor. Dunsmuir.
and Homer. Phone Sey. 4490
VANCOUVER :-: CANADA Second Section'
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST ___*>**
CTH YEAR.1 *.Not 148.
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 6,1914.
THIRTY-TWO PAGES
(■■(JSaBf) $1.50 PER YEAR
NEW   WEST MI N S T ER, B. C.
|New Westminster and Fraser Valley
Department Store
McAllister's limited
Successors to Lee's, Ltd.
The/Mew Westminster and Fraser Valley
Department Store
i business is now being operated as a strictly up-to-date department store, on the most modern system.   All goods marked in plain figures and marked at the
[est possible cash prices.  A store for the people, offering only reliable merchandise, at prices you can afford to pay.  We respectfully solicit a share of the trade
patronage from every member of the various trade unions in this Valley, a square deal, the best of values, and courteous service in every istance guaranteed.
[ Everything in
lokery, Hardware
and Stoves
Everything in
Dry Goods, Bedding
and Fancy Ooods
Everythirgin
Ladies' and Children's
Ready-to-Wear
Everything In
Men's and Boys'
Furnishings
in New Westminster
OPERATING FIVE BIG SELLING FLOORS
COLUMBIA ST.-  -    NEW WESTMINSTER
Everything in
Electrio Lighting
and Supplies
Everything in
Carpets, Oiloloths and
Window Shades
Everything in
Furniture and House
Furnishings
.And Shop at McAllister's
|3 poll tax abolished
1 1st.   Considerable hos-
ly was shown by organ-
■the wretched conditions
J wages on construction
[Trunk Pacific, partlcul-
jhern   British  Columbia,
lorn |1.75 to |2.25 for 10
! II a day; mall, 25 cents
|nd. doctor $1 a month;
114, and other things ln
featherton appointed by A.
organise  B.   C. ttmber-
JfJanuary).
fearn   Engineers held open
and considered the short-
fof the Boiler Inspection and
ovlnclal and dominion acts
had a bearing on the dally
f the engineers.
Janlsed labor protested agalnat
Rty paying 12 for eight houra for
1 work.
he social democratic party of Can-
In British Columbia expressed
Willingness   to   co-operate   with   all
(trades unions and Industrial unions
[on and off the platform; all candidates,   however,  must be  socialists
(January).
The third annual session of tbe
B. C. Federation of Labor convened
at Victoria (January 13th).
The necessity of putting a "crimp"
In private employment bureaus was
urged by organized labor.
Unions subscribed liberally to the
fund to aid the striking miners on
Vancouver Island.
The T. and L. council elected officers (Jan. 16th): H. C. Benson, preildent; W. Manson, vice-president; J.
W. Wilkinson, general secretary; Jas,
Campbell, treasurer; W. Foxcroft,
statistician; J. Sully, sergeant-at-
arms; F. A. Hoover, V. R. Mldgley,
W. R. Trotter, trustees.
Workmen's Circle, branch of Vancouver, held concert and ball, Orange
ball (Jan. 17th). Tile-layers' union
held smoker (Jan. 22nd).
Pacific coast conference of the-International Bricklayers held ln Labor
Temple (Jan. 23rd).
Executive committee of Trades and
Labor council asked for minimum of
$3 per 8-hour day for laborera employed on fllllng-ln False Creek (Jan.
30th).
Street Rallwaymen re-subscribed for
900 copies of The Federatlonist weekly.
Striking miners from Britannia
mines met In Labor Temple (Feb.
13th).
Allied Printing trades hold annual
election of officers (Feb. 10th).
Trades and Labor council protested
against deportation of Organizer Ettor of the I. W. W. (March 6th).
Trades and Labor council endorsed
proportional representation ln B. C.
Federation of Laoor (March 6th).
Civic employees asked for federal
hoard of enquiry on charges of discrimination and favoritism (March 7th).
Serious unemployment problem ln
building tradeB.
Strike pf B. C. Telephone Co.'s
electrical workers ("v.arch 21st). B.
C. Telephone agreed, to men'a demands (March 28th).
Trades and Labor council completed
payment for shares In Labor Temple
(April 3rd).
Conciliation   board   appointed
civic employees' complaints.
Nine building trades unions form
building trades council (April 28th.)
Journeymen tailors decide for eight
hour day (May .th).
Unemployment Increasing dally ln
city, many thousands out of work.
Arnold F. Oeorge, Inspector of employment agencies for Vancouver, ar-
rived.
Longshoremen's scale accepted
(May 23rd),
Bert Hit hln awarded 112,000 damages for Injuries received at the Sugar
Refinery,    -
Failure to dispose of bonds caused
South Vancouver to lay off many employees (June. 10th).
T. and L. council elected delegatea
to Progress Club (June 12th).
Vancouver Board of Trade's offer
of mediation ln coal strike refused by
owners (June 24th).
License ot Cosmopolitan employment agency cancelled (June 24th).
TradeB and Labor council decided
to assist tbe coal minera (July 3rd).
Operators turn down offer of mediation by Hon. T, W. Crotbers (July
22nd).
Federatlonist published startling
facts regarding employment agencies
(July 25th) and Inspector Qulnn
served notices on agencies that violators of the law will be prosecuted.
Will Crooks, British labor M. P.,
visited city (Aug. 6th).
J. W. Wilkinson elected business
agent of Trades and Labor council
(Aug. 8th).
A mass meeting of the. Street Railway employees held to consider the
i
Westminster Trust and Safe
Deposit Company,
Limited
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. 0.
\
I
/
Authoriied Capital I:.:.' \...X.....X.  $1,000,000.00
Paid-up Capital „....„ .':::....:     433,617.78
Reserve iU...'...i..Lh..i..i.*:..ls.:..^ :.... .rX..:...:.X.....^..X   200,000.00
MANAGING DIRECTOR
J. Ja Jones
SECRETARY-TREASURER
J, A. Rennis
BANKERS
Bank of Montreal
AUDITORS
Helllwell, Moore A Maclachlan
Sidney Malcolsom
It is indeed worthy of note that the above concern, in the ninth annual report of the Company's affairs, together with the financial statement for the
year 1913, show such gratifying and encouraging results, not only to the shareholders, but all those interested in the progress of the financial institution in
New Westminster.
** Nothing can speak more eloquently of the success of the Company than
the following figures: During the year their subscribed capital has increased
to $500,000.00, and their paid-up capital to $433,617.78, showing an increase in
their paid-up capital of $70,445.13.
The assets of the Company have increased $171,124.29 over the previous
year, which makes their net gain for 11 months $69,359.44, out of which they
have paid a dividend of 10 per cent., amounting to $37,160.36, and transferring to the Keserve Account $17,880.00, which now amounts to the very creditable sum of $200,000.00.
This Company is the only trust company whose safety deposit vaults are
protected by burglar alarm systems. They do a strictly Trust business, that is,
no speculation is allowed with any of the Company's funds in real estate.
The above statement is worthy of note, as many so-called trust companies
are nothing more or less than real estate companies,
We heartily endorse the Company and whenever the question arises as to
whom you shall place your business with, you can make no mistake by giving
it to the Westminster Trust Company.
None of its Directors have been less than 25 years in the city^
It is the oldest Trust Company in British Columbia.
They will give you entire satisfaction.
VANCOUVER CITY
During Years 1911, 1912, 1913
reports of the federal board o( investigation and take a referendum
thereon. Chairman Judge Murphy
and Mr. Alexander signed the majority report and Mr. Moses Cots-
worth, the minority, The referendum
turned down the majority report by
more than four to one. (Aug. Uth).
Magnus Sinclair, of Toronto, International organizer' of Street Railway
employees' union arrived (Aug. lsth).
George Heatherton, general organizer of the A. F. of L. arrived for the
purpose of reorganizing the Loggers'
union (Aug. 20th).
Building Trades Council passed
resolutions (a) protesting against the
use of militiamen in the strike zone,
(b) opposing admission of militiamen
to any of its affiliated unions. (Aug.
20th).
Mass meeting held in the Arena
under the auspices of the B. C. Federation of Labor passed resolutions
condemning the use of the militia
against the striking miners. (Aug.
20th).
Delegate Trotter received credentials from Trades and Labor council
to Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada (Aug. 21st).
Amalgamated Carpenters reported
that for the future members of the
militia would be barred from that
organization.(Aug. 21st).
Telephone exchange established in
Labor Temple (Aug. 23rd).
B. C. E. R., after discussion with
union officials, grant concessions not
included in majority report (Aug.
28th).
Mass meeting of Street Railway
employees to finally consider their
executive committee's report (Aug.
29th).    '
United Brotherhood of Carpenters
organize 14 locals during month,
Vancouver unions., joined in big
Labor Day celebrations at New Westminster (Sept. 1st).
Allied printing trades held an
"ocean roll" at Ganges Harbor (Sept,
1st).
Agreement signed by the B. C. E.
R. and the Vancouver, Victoria and
New Westminster divisions of the
Street Railway employees' union assuring industrial peace for two years
(Sept. 2nd).
Two advertising canvassers found
guilty by Judge Mclnnes of fraud in
soliciting advertisements in the name
of tho Trades and Labor council and
affiliated unions. Sentence covered
the period they had been in jail (Sept.
4th).
Trades and Labor council went on
record against the proposed 48-hour
strike as protest against the militia
being used to break strikes (Sept,
4th).
The proprietor .nnd clerk of an employment agency fined $50 and costs
or 30 days' hard labor for overcharging for getting a job for a worker.
J. H. McVety started the pioceedings
(Sept.Sth).
J. W. Wilkinson, delegate of tho B.C,
Federation of Labor, left for the
Trades and Labor Congress at Montreal to present the case of the coal
miners of Vancouver island Sept.
16th).
Mayor Baxter reports to Trades
and Labor Council that he refused to
sign the application for license made
by the recently convicted employment agents (Sept. 16th).
Volunteer members of Barbers' union visited orphan homes and cut
children's hair (Sept. 25th).
Building Trades council placed local
Y. M. C. A. on unfair list (Sept.
26th).
Typographical union No. 226, instituted the fivc-day-a-weck rule, thus
enabling unemployed printers to procure work (Sept. 28th).
Rev. Dr. Fraser made canvass
down town section and found 42 different nationalities, besides Orientals.
All residents. Difficulties encountered
in organizing these peoples (Sept.
30th).
Hon. Chas. Doherty, minister of
justice, met a union delegation composed o Messrs. Benson, McVety
and Pettipiece, re miners' strike on
Vancouver island (Oct. 6th).
Problem of unemployed spreading
to all classes of labor.
Thomas Richardson, M. P. for
Whitehaven, Cumberland, Eng., addressed a mass meeting in Labor
Temple (Oct. 13th). Joseph Martin,
M. P., was also present. J. H. McVety, chairman.
Judge Mclnnes (Oct. 15th) decided
that a logging camp was neither a
"factory" nor "engineering work" as
defined by Workmen's Compensation
act: This decision meant that no one
injured in a logging camp can claim
compensation.
Reported to Trades and Labor
council that federal "fair wage" officer will decide union wages, with
Saturday half-holiday, which must be
observed by all city contractors.
Tom Mann, British M. P., spoke
in Dominion hall  (Oct. 17th).
Brewery workers of city organize
and apply to the international for a
charter for new local to be known as
No. 281. Jas. Piggot was elected
provisional president and Fritz Gurt-
ncr provisional secretary (Oct. 21st).
Labor representation committee
formed with a view to participating
in civic elections. H. C. Benson and
G, Harrison were elected chairman
and secretary respectively (Oct. 21st).
Miners' Liberation league organized to carry on "a systematic and
energetic agitation for the release of
the miners now in jail." (Oct. 2?th).
Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners ask for public meeting to
protest against sentences given to the
striking miners (Oct. 27th).
Labor Temple club opened with W.
A. Alexander in charge (Oct. 26th).
Carl Lyngved, of the Painters' union, killed through scaffold giving
way at the Lee building (Oct. 27th).
Label league formed with object of
placing the various labels before the
public in an entertainment in some
local theatre in order to arouse public interest in union-made goods
(Oct. 31st).
Executive committee of British Columbia Federation of Labor fixed
Monday, January 26th as the opening
day for the fourth annual convention
(Nov. 2nd).
Semi-annual convention of the
Northwestern District Council of
Sheet Metal Workers met in Labor
Temple. Delegates from Vancouver,
Victoria, Beilingham, Seattle, Taeoma, and Portland present. H. Spears
of Vancouver elected vice-president
(Nov. 2nd).
Organization of Brewery Workers
accomplished and. two-year agreement
signed with breweries of Vancouver,
Nanaimo, Cumberland and Victoria,
covering improved working conditions and in some cases higher wages
(Nov. 5th).
Victor Altaian and Maier Schwartz
general organizers of the United Garment Workers of America, visited the
city (Nov. 5th).
Charter of Vancouver No. 7 Timber
Workers, arrived (Nov. 5th) and local
fully launched.
Thos. Cook of the Amalgamated
Carpenters' and Joiners, instantly
killed while working at Hudson's Bay
building (Nov. 8th).
F. H. Noschang, international president, and Jacob Fisher, secretary of
the Journeymen Barbers, visited city
(Nov. 10th).
Mass meeting held in Dominion
hall demanding the release of the imprisoned miners (Nov. 10th).
Hon. W. B. Wilson, U. S. minister
of Labor, visited city (Nov. llth).
John W. Bruce, Plumbers' general
organizer for Canada, arrived in city
(Nov. llth).
Secretary-treasurer Hayes and other
international officers of the Typos
paid a flying visit to Vancouver (Nov.
14th). jf***'*
R. P. Pettipiece, president; W. C.
Metzger, vice-president; R. H. Neelands, secretary-treasurer, elected by
Typographical union (Dec. 17th).
Much excitement amongst members.
An automobile brought voters to the
polls (first incident of the kind in
Canada).
Local Painters' union passed resolution favoring six-hour day (Dec.
18th).
J. Bower, president, and H. J. Ban-
field, secretary, elected by Musicians'
Union (Dec. 18th).
Committee—L. E. Dennlson (chairman); R. P. Pettipiece and C. F.
Burkhart—reported to Trades and
Labor council regarding matter of
street railway fares and electrical
lighting in various cities on continent
(Dec. Hth). I
Judge Grant decided that Steven
Piecas could not recover damages under Workmen's Compensation act because he. met with the accident on
Sunday (Dec. 20th).
"Tag-day" held for benefit of families of striking miners Dec. 20th,
realizing $1,013.60.
The Federationist's Christmas fund
for benefit of children of striking miners on Vancouver island amounted to
over 17,000 (Dec. 23rd).
Edward Charles Knight, a member
of Electrical Workers union, accidentally electrocuted (Dec. 26th). He
was a former secretary-treasurer of
the Trades and Labor council.
The B. C. Miners' Liberation league
issued manifesto (Dec. 29th) calling
upon all labor organizations in Canada to take a 48-hour holiday as a
protest against imprisonment of
striking miners.
C. P. R. paid off crews of Empresses of India and Asia to make
room for Chinese.
The state of the labor market in
all trades reported dull.
Tou hive uied me, ud spent me, aad
crushed me,
And thrown me aside without rath;
Tou have shut my eyes oft from the
sunlight,
My lungi from the untainted air,
Tou have housed me In horrible pluel
Surrounded by squalor and eve.
I have built   yon   the   world In lte
beauty,
I have brougbt you the glory ud
spoil,
You have blighted my sons ud my '
daughter!,
You have scourged me again to my
tolL
Yet I suffer lt all In my patience,
For somehow I dimly here known
That  some  day  the  Worker  will
conquer
In a world that wu meant for hli
own!
—BBRTON BRALBY.
J. V. O'Conno-"* ^jent of the
international   Lor\ vn's   asso
ciation; J. A. Madsei, ,rt.and), district secretary; Mr. Harrison (New
Orleans), president of the Gulf coast
district, paid the local longshoremen
a visit (Nov. 16th).
Local bookbinders tendered A. P.
Sovey, international president, a banquet (Nov. 18th).
Laborers unions amalgamate and
members of No. 230 joined Civic Employees' union (Nov.)
Hugh Stevenson, Toronto, and
Theo. McCullough, Omaha, visited
Vancouver. They were delegates to
A. F. of L. Seattle convention of the
1.1. U. (Nov. 23rd).
Wm. Davidson, cx-M. P. P., and
executive officer of District No. 6,
W. F. of M., visited this city (Nov.
25th).
Jos. W. Hampton, business agent
of the Plasterers' union, served with
injunction by Victor H. Sleutcr. This
was the first case in British Columbia
where a member sought injunction
against his union interfering with him
as to what jobs he shall work on
(Nov. 25th).
Geo. L. Berry, international president Pressmen's union, addressed local union (Nov. 26th).
W. D. Mahon, international president, addressed Street Railwaymen's
union (Nov. 26th).
A large number of international union officers visited Vancouver, who
were delegates at the Seattle convention of the A. F. of L.
' Mass meeting of culinarjf crafts
held in Labor Temple (Dec. 5th)
Woman's suffrage and eight-hour day
favored.
B. C. Miners' Liberation league
held large mass meeting in Horse
Show building (Dec. 8th). Speakers
were: W. Foxcroft (chairman); J. W.
Wilkinson, J. Kavanagh, Geo. Pettigrew, E. T. Kingsley, Sam Atkinson,
Mrs. Hutchinson, Parker Williams
and R. Gosden.
The Federationist published a startling article on some of the land-grabbers and their agents now exploiting
British Columbia—"Names of Large
Holders." (Dec. 12th).
Joint "smoker" held by carpenters
in Labor Temple (Dec. 12th).
Workers organized a political party
—Labor Representation league (Dec.
him '
THE WORKER.
I bave broken  my hands  on   your
granite,
I have broken my strength on your
ateel,
I bave   sweated   through   yeara for
your pleasure,
I have worked Uke a slave for your
weal.
And what Ib the wage you have paid
met
You masters and drivers of men—
Enough so I come th my hunger
To beg for more labor again!
I have, given my manhood to serve
you,
I have   given   my   gladness  and
youth;
THE BOY MARTYR
The dying boy In prlion cell,
Moaning his life away,
Hli weary ipirlt drooped and fell-
In sorrow passed away.
No mother's love, no tender cue,
Life hung by slender thread,
No loving voice—Just black despair,
And sound of Jailer's trend.
In agony the mother weepi
And bears her grief alone,
She knowa and thinks of him wbo
sleeps'
Naught can for life atone,
Oh I spirit In your early tight,
"Forgive," we pray, "forgive,"
Had we, yonr brothers, done the right,
On earth you yet might live.
A youth cut oft In early bloom.
Cut down by Hud of Greed,
Then laid to rest tn illent tomb,
A marty'd soul is freed.
-ETHEL CUTHBERTSON
EXPLOSION KILLS TWO
Two Russians employed by Dickson
brothers In clearing land In Point
Orey, were killed by the explosion ot
a box of fulminate caps during lut
week. The men were opening the
box and It Is thought that the knife
used slipped and exploded a cap thui
setting off the remainder. Both were
terribly Injured, one dying on the way
to the hospital, tbe other an hour after
admission. Both were married ud
leave families ln Russia.
The
British Columbian
Weekly
ESTABLISHED I860.
14th).
Rev. Dr. Fraser delivered a powerful sermon on imprisonment of miners (Dec. Hth), and said mine owners
ought to be in prison.
Bricklayers' union elected James
Haslett, president, and W. S. Dagnall
secretary (Dec. 16th).
For over half a century THE BRITISH COLUMBIAN hu
been the leading newspaper of New Westminster, Burnaby, Coquitlam,
Port Moody, Delia, and the Fraser Valley.
It is the Favorite today.
Subscription, by mail, including Great Britain, $1.00 per year,
in advance.     United States, $ 1.50 yer year, in advance.
The S. Bowell Co.
Successors to Center Is Hanna, Ltd.
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
Phone 993 >
405 COLUMBIA STREET NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
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NEW WESTMINSTER B. 0. PAGE TEN
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST.
FRIDAY FEBRU1ART 6, 19U
Successors to Samuel A. Wye Heating
Engineer.
To-day there Is hardly a home, large
or small, that is constructed without
eome heating plant, steam, hot water,
or hot air. It Is necessary, especially
on the coast, for home builders to
make preparation tor some heat ln
tiller residences throughout the year.
Why not have the easiest and best
way of keeping warm? A furnace is
tbe only thing. All through the cold,
cold water your rooms can be kept
warm with Just a little expense, hardly
noticeable, if your heating plant is
properly Installed. McMahon & Johnston are expert heating engineers, so
talk to them about your furnace. Their
offices are located at 748 Cambie
itreet. They are experts on high and
low pressure steam, vacuum vapor
and hot water heating.
BOOKER,   CAMPBELL   ft
WHIPPLE, LTD.
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35 Williams Builoing
413 Granville Street
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Telephone Seymour 4448
WANTED—A few reliable trade unionists, not otherwise engaged, to solicit
subscriptions for The "Fed.'' Liberal
-commission. Apply Room 217 Labor
Temple.
Official Proceedings 4th Annual Convention
of the B. C. Federation of Labor
New Westminster, January 26-30, 1914
(Continued from p. 8, Jan. 30th Issue)
THOMAS TURNBULL continued
his speech as follows:
I look upon this gathering as practically the legislative body of organized labor in British Columbia, and I
hope during your deliberations, when
you are through you will have accomplished something to forward
the progress of the workers, and that
you will have done something to preserve the white race for British Columbia, and also to preserve the democratic institutions of this country,
because I consider it depends on such
associations as this—more on this association than all the legislatures you
can gather together, for the preserving of our free institutions in this
democratic country. I hops you will
have a good time, and if you wish to
take a walk and sec our institution
at any time you can meet our manager, and he will give you all the in-
democratic country., I hope you will
require.   Thank you.   (Applause.)
MRS. ZEIGLER, fraternal delegate
from the State of Washington federation: I believe I have the distinction
of being the first women to be sent
to your honorable, body from the
State of Washington federation, and
Phone:   Seymour 71S5
Complete Stock Carried In Vancouver
Dominion Equipment & Supply. Co.
, A. Q, BROWN, Manager
Contractors, Railroad and Building
SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT
1150 HOMER STREET
VANCOUVER, B, C.
OEOROE SNIDER
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Phone Seymour 8497.
GEORGE SNIDER
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General Contractor* and Builders
909 Dorjfinion Trust Bldg,, 207 Hastings W., Vanoouver, B. 0.
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Write us for free Booklet: "Simonds Guide for Carpenters,'
SIMOND'S CANADA SAW CO., LTD.
98 Powell St. Vanoouver, B. 0.
TEGEN & VEZINA
Architects
PHONE SEYMOUR 1429
807   METROPOLITAN   BUILDING
VANCOUVER, B. C.
I want to tell you right here that 1
consider it an honor. I hope that you
will progress in this convention, and
that much good will be done, for
there is much to be done, and as we
go about our work here, as I expect
this convention to go about it, there
will be very much accomplished. I
regret I do not see many of the women here. I hope that my message
later on to the convention will bring
a message that will be a benefit. The
Washington State federation would
like to have you know our workings
in Washington, and I want to tell
you about the work of the women,
and I would like to have some of the
ladies out to hear it. I thank you.
(Applause.)
DELEGATE CAMERON: The
time has now come for me to hand
this position over to its rightful owner, with the gavel, the emblem of authority. I have great pleasure in
handing to President Sivertz the
gavel, knowing that so long as he
wields it, it will be in a fair and impartial manner. I take pleasure in
handing the gavel to President Sivertz of the B. C. Federation of Labor.
(Applause.) i
PRESIDENT SIVERTZ: Gentlemen and friends, I know it is not for
me to delay proceedings. Those who
know me best know something of my
abilities on the platform, and always
take it for granted that I shall not
occupy much time. But in view of
the references made to myself by the
chairman, and the addresses by his
worship the mayor and representatives of labor in the city of New
Westminster, as well as the address
from the delegate for the co-operative societies, the president of the
trades and labor council on behalf of
the fellow-workers, also because of
the honor of an address from the fraternal delegate from our neighbors
across the line, naturally these things
call forth an effort on my behalf to
address you. His worship the mayor
has explained to you the progress of
the city of New Westminster in taking possession of the different public
institutions and presumably operating them in the interests of all the
people. My personal view is that
when that state of things has come,
the workers will take an active and
intelligent part in the administration
of their local and municipal institution. With regard to the extension
of an invitation to the hospitality of
the city by the citizens, I, on behalf
of the delegates, wish to thank his
worship and the other gentlemen
that have spoken with him for their
kind words. I speak from personal
experience that in attending gatherings of this kind (and I have attended several of them), I always return
home more worn out than if I had
remained at my own work. We will
have the advantage of listening to
the Washington delegate later on; we
are particularly pleased to have her
here, and a particularly fortunate incident in our movement to see that
the Washington State federation of
labor has seen fit to send us a lady.
I believe that the State of Washington has extended the right of franchise to their women and this is possibly one of their visible results of
greater democratic spirit of the people
there. A bunch of keys has been presented me—one of the Bank of Montreal. I don't know that the delegates,
seeing that most of them are being
paid for by their respective organizations will be particularly needing to
avail themselves of the offer. But there
are other keys ln the bunch. One Is
of a peculiar make; I saw one once
when I was over In the city of Calgary, I think. I believe President
Cameron of the Trades and Labor
council is prepared to show any how
to use it. There is one here; I don't
know the shape of it, and I cannot
guarantee as to the use of it. It
one that every working man carries
with him in the prospect of using it
on the Saturday night. There is one
I would have liked to see in the
hunch and that is the key of the jail
(Applause.) For certain obvious reasons the jail is now barred and in
possession of the servants of the government, and inside the jail are the
men who have been struggling for
their liberty and rights to maintain
organization for their self-protection.
One of them has recently given
up his life. One of the results of
the deliberations of this body will, I
hope, be that a wave of indignation.
since we cannot break into the jail
or ooen "it with a key, that a wave of
indignation will be aroused in the
minds of the people of the province,
that they will brint; from their seat of
power those who have oppressed, and
are oppressing these men before their
long-drawn out trials. It is before
the courts now, and possibly some of
the delegates may he able to attend
an hour or so and listen to the proceedings in the court without interfering with their duties as delegates.
But I look to this convention to go
on record showing the solid and sincere sympathy and determination for
the carrying on of the work of these
miners. Something has bee