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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 12, 1913

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-//*.■& will be make with tbe
*'    jjnitM j_ne wori__# bnion
Und« OnlM, at ••__ai_U—'
Union Man An to Ba Jailed
for Picketing.
Bowmt and Mine Ownin Trrtatr
to Foroa Mlnm Into Opap.
lit leaking up nearly two hundred
: alleged participants In an unlaw-
, fut aasembly. The number, hew*
' ever, doea not include any good
■;, buelnesa men or Coneervetlvee,
:   who were aa much a part of the.
"riot" aa those arreeted.
' lewaer hae Imported about all
tha pluguglles and gunmen hla
mlnlena can locate In the United
Statu to aot as spools! polios,
. auppismentsd by such of tha militia sb were sufftolsntly devoid et
manhood to remain after the eth.
ers demanded thslr release from
further partlelpatlon In the bur
leeque. '-.'.
loweer*e . government  Is  still
boarding the 1U Cumberland soabe '
- at Victoria, holding them ia readiness to return to work with ths
Chinks, aa scon as the suje Is set
Bowser'e sdmlnlstrstlon, accord*
Ing to Ths Victoria Week, haa eesn
1600 Chinamen landed at the Capital City during- the pan. three
months.   Theee, it le presumed, .
will also bs ready for "duty" when
the foreign officers, now under In-
,   dletmsnt at San  Cranoleco, get
ready te reeume work at the Nanalmo mlnee.
Sewur** kangaroo court, run
by s non-union lawysr, le leaking
-    after the bulldexlng and terror
;    Ixlng of the strikers who dare te
demand the right to organise.
Mow tha next move la. ta be
made,   ■eweer'e dally preea tn-
nouneee thet hereafter PICKET-
•    HM 18 TO SB ffHOHIIITIO, and
, the mlnee of the foreign Western
Fuel Co. are to be reopened, with
scab and Orients! labor. Thia with
the consent, sld snd svldsrit 'lp-.~.
r,  provsl of ths upstart now presld-
Ing aa premier of thie province,
'placed there by working clsss
-votes.    .-.,
-Is Bowser not satisfied with Jailing
the men who dared protest against
the Introduction of Oriental labor In
the minee of Vancouver ielandf Ib he
not satisfied with the criminal treatment he and the mine owners are
Imposing upon, a community that asks
for naught but the right of the miners
to organise, in order to enforce laws
which the attorney-general haa refused
to dot   . '■■■'■■.. .'
Is prosecution to be turned Into per-
eecutlon? ...
Does Bowser Intend to goat the mlnen to. desperation, aad compel them
to become law-breakers?
. If this 18 Mb Intention he has made
a very good start .
The miners have put up with all
sorts at insult and injury. They have
suffered injustice and humiliation In
almost silence,
But there Is a breaking point, and
Bowser seems determined to force the
issue. ' <•■"::„- '.   '■'■_. , ..
The kept dally press, no doubt Inspired by the governmental tackles ot
a ''foreign" mining company, now
serves this notice:
"In pursuance of ths policy that
picketing Is unlawful, snd'that all
plcketere will  be arreeted, the
local police today took lata custody Thomae J. Shenton, -William
Martin, Goreto Qsrrsre and Van*
. dSrlno Calelo, all of whom will be
charged with Intimidation."
The Federationist has steadfastly
maintained that there shall be no vlor
lence on the part of the miners; that
they must suffer the Indignities heaped
upon them by Bowser's specials and
patiently await the triumph of their
victory for the right to organise.
But If Bowser Intends to aot as the
paid agent of the mining companies
and disregard all aemblance of legal
rights aad break the laws of the land
indiscriminately, It Is high time to
call a halt.
Tie unloa men of the West will not
forfeit the legal right to picket and.
Bowser might as well be given to
understand this lnstanter. Bowser. Is
tha big It, but he Isn't the whole show,
The mlnen, and every otlu>£ unionist
tn B. 0., will have something to say
when lt comes to prohibiting the legal
right to peaceably picket.
We say unhesitatingly to the union
i   The mine owners do not have toe>
Aght for themselves.   Tbey do
even have to Speak for themselves.
Bowser doea both.   Wbat the ml*
era have knows for waaka an* what
FYaok farriigtoahu been aaytag for
weeks la tubed by Bowser In thla
morning's recorder of Ancient Hla-
tory ae eoaothIng In the nature of a
sensation. The News-Ad.. In the space
generally. oocupied by; tha premiere
photograph, gravely sanouncee:
Vlotoria, Baptamber 11—Acting-
Premier W. 3. Bowser stated yesterday that tha strike situation
at Nanalmo and other plaoea oa
the Island Is brighter. He believes
that the resumption of work In
Number One Mils of the Western.
Fuel Company at Nsnalmo and at
Extension will be the means of
impressing upon tbe strikers the
taet that 111 time tar common.
sense prevailed.
He saya ha has Information
that ths mine operators ara ready
to take the striksrs hack without
discrimination, and believes thst
there will be a secession from tbe
strike ranks shortly.
He asks that a oommon aaaae ,
view of the situation be taken la
order that the ooal Industry  of
the Island may not he temporarily
This is Bowser's method of picking
soft place to light. Tha mlaera
have him and all hla hosts licked **
a- fraisle. Aad, tor the goda of Lam,
he and his mine-owner bosses will
make terms with the Halted Mlae
Workers of America or than will ba
no settlement until long altar Bow-
sert'lraVa la sealed, metaphorically
speaking of otherwise. Tha whipped
cur now cries "oommon sense!" Hell
ory for mercy before tha mlaera get
through with htm and his dirty sosb-
herdlng kilties and -all that waa responsible tor both. Mr. Bowser, you
have dona your dsmndeat. il Tour last
card failed. Now try "comm
and come In out of tha wet
Mis, t»m and loldiny Hu. to
Tt^brtPrav-f Banefldal
to Union.
OffloUl Ifforto to XnttaidsU Strlk-
ar»Fail to Prodnoa Daatrad
,;.^:.' i\9a*iy--XX./.
:. By ROT a MATTHBW8 .     -
(Special Correspondent to The
" rmUonli  '
0_nb___i tabs Oo Fraa While
Union Mia Aro Oonvtotad on
-    Bvidanoo of
The'convention of the American Federation of Labor to be
held In Sesttls In November, Is
expected to be the largeet In
point of sttsndsnes ever held by
the organisation.
if Vsncouvsr Trades and
Labor Council haa any Intention
of Inviting the delegatee te pay;
a fraternsl visit to this city fer
one day no time should'be lest
In extendlnu the Invitation and
making ready for the excursion
by Boat snd entertainment of
the visitors during the day at-
lasted by the programme committee.
CUMBERLAND, V.I. Sept (-Things
remain quiet here; not much change
in the situation. Tha only exdtemaat
thla week was tha long deferred Mai
dt Cave. It will ba remembered that
on the 1th of July, whan tha supposed
disturbance took place ban,' aome ot
our mea, were arreeted tor "unlawful
aaaemMy*.*"-"- -':'";"-=-V-'-..;-;-rS
Rumors had been current tha weak
previous that Care and hla fallow
atrlke-breakera were owning la to town
to "clear but the strikers" and aa the
expected happened, except "that they
did not succeed In driving out the
striksrs. Ret It is obvloua that the
rumors were authentic, for Cave, along
with ahoiit twenty more, paraded up
and down the street with the arrogance of a rooster, sure of no opposition, throwing out challenges to the
striken, who would not accept the
temptations and- provocation until he
bad lneulted a lady. Than they could
scarcely retain themselves and cue of
the strikers and Cave mixed It np.
The striker wss arreeted and convicted on two charges, but Cava waa
let oft without even one conviction. **
This wss undoubtedly the most barefaced piece ot Imposition tbat haa been
played here by the police.
The mayor then laid an Information
against Cave himself, after tha police
would not handle It and after a continuation of adjournments the caae
waa heard on Friday night September
6th, and after sitting till 11.30 p.m. ths
magistrate dismissed Cava, to the
astonishment of a crowded court.
it might be mentioned that thla magistrate hu been especially commissioned to sit here, aa the previous one
waa not supposed to ha dealing out
subjection drops to the liking ot the
combined authorities.
' The statement that appeared In the
press re the shooting at No. 8 mine
Is, aa far aa wa knew, an untruth and
we can only.attribute thla statement
to persona that ara forever- formulating
ruses In order to condemn the strikers
In the eyee of the public.
Anyone that knows the situation
here knows well enough that Na 8
mine Is a compound, so well guarded
tbat It reminds one of a Jail, where
no visitors are allowed to go ln aad
no Inmates allowed to coma out
This Is "British Freedom."
Them le no doubt that If the scabs
working cduld be gathered together In
a bunch and a ballot taken It would
be a unanimous vote for a atrlke, but
so well guarded are they and bo well
divided that ths different nationalities
are scared ot each other, This la well
known amongst the strikers ao lt naturally follows that If we could have
the righto guaranteed by the statutes
of Canada there would be no man
working of the white race;
Wa emphatically deny the statement
made in the Victoria Times by an up-
Island policeman that seventeen strikers made sn attempt to get Into No, 8
compound. ■' . (Signed)
L. 0. and T. F. Prees Committee,
"Electrical Workere* Convention.
E. C. Knight R Robinson, Fred.
Fuller and F. L. Estinghausen of the
local Electrical Workere' Union will
leave today for Denver, Colo., to attend the big convention of the International Brotherhood ' of Electrical
Workers (Reld) Union, whieh opens
on Monday next Important events In
connection with the Electrical Work-
ers' controversy are expected to transpire.
miners of Vancouver Island, go ahead
and picket. Let us see where we sre
at Immediately. See how far that man
Bowser will dare to go ln defends of
the Oriental-employing scab-herding
mine ownen. If It means that all
must go to jail, go to Jail. There will
ba lota mora to replace the broken
ranks. But let lt be made plain that
there are some liberties the workers
will not	
Let BO<
all that
If any action had -beea necessary to
cement the allegiance ot the striking
ulnars on Vancouver Island to their.
International Union, and Sre them
with the unalterable determination to
win the Itrlke at all oosta, that action
hu been taken by the mine owners
through the provincial authorities.
Since tha Island has been flooded
with special police and soldiers, many
who previously had been mere passive
members of the union have become
active and are offering themselves for
any service that would Advance the
cause, It would do a lot of good if
union man from other parte Ot tha
province could pay a visit to Nanaimtv
for instance, and catch tha spirit that
prevails there among the striken.
Although subject to every abuse that
misguided tyrants find It their pleasure
to Inflict these men have, never a
whine nor a word of complaint Although upwards of two hundred of
tbelr comrades have been dragged
Jail, in moat cases without the slightest regard to the rights and liberties
supposed to attend Canadian citlsen-
ship, theee splendid characten can
atlll see an element of humor In the
situation. They oan atlll be amused
at the absurdities of a toy military
camp that hu never yet succeeded
ln justifying lta presence: ln their
midst or enjoy a lest arising from
aome Incident connected with the
amateur police.
Even the wives and mothers-ot
those who have fallen victims to the
official lawlessness that prevails, and
are-, at present suffering confinement
In prison, have a smile and a merry
word u they bring bundles of olothing
to the union headquartera to be despatched to their loved onee.
Beneath it all, however, one feels the
loon of an Invincible resolve. There
will be no surrender. The deliberate
trampling upon all the ordinary privileges of a citlsen that hu become the
settled policy ot the provincial government hu engendered a bitterness in
tha minds of the strikers that nothing
but complete and unqualified victory
«n assuage.
Ever since the beginning of tha
strike, the .men have been subjected
to every form of Intimidation, abuse
and Insult that petty schemers could
devise. Special police, composed for
the moat part of worthless hums, have
flaunted their ill-bestowed authority
upon every possible occasion. Strikebreakers have heen furnished with
arms In contravention of the law, a
privilege which they bave not been
slow to advertise In a manner known
Continued on Page Six
£ 0. n___*w«iMH»v*»o_.
Win* ttr-rafMN-p a Pnite't
Pmm AfaaVOss*. Do Whan in'
:  a,"Wataaga" Xma&l
Under the heading "United States
Needa a Mea Uke Sir Richard Mo-
Bride," the Baa rnndaco Examiner
publishes tha following editorial:
"In everything'but name British
Columbia la aa Independent state.
Exercising lta eevenlga power,
British Columbia hu forbidden the
Iseue ef Jlmberl mining and flaking Ueeaaea to MaataUt and hu
denied to —sea aUsns tha right to
buy or wm laM within the boun-
4ariM of the province. .
"They breed men la tha Canadian .Northwest evidently—men
whose veins alw full of Mood and
Iron.   This Br Blohsrd McBride.
now, u you wiH observe, mingles
, no grape Juice with hla diplomacy,
' nor any nrilk aad water.   He
speaks for his people Irmly In the
strong, modest wards ot a strong
i   man who knows exaotly what ha
means to do and knows that he
will do It"    .
The Federatlonist does not know
muoh about Bryan, but It daw know
sufficient about; lily Richard McBride
to be agreeable to any kind of a swap
that the Examiner can be Induced to
arrange. The Canadian Northern Interests ara euffldehtly well established
to now stand without Sir Richard's
uslstance. Mr. Samuel Matson, of
course, would have to go with Sir
Richard, for the Americans would be
entirely likely to overlook many opportunities ot naming the Premier's
photo.   ".':   '.'r-_ '■
In case any difficulty arises In the
details of the swap, tha Federatlonist
hu a miscellaneous job lot of Bantam-'
weight pollUclaaa-and "neah" pollti-
cians—to the number of about forty—
that It would gladly throw In along to
make good measure.
"British Columbia," says. The Examiner, "bu toiwldden the Iseue of
Umber, mining aM Ashing licences to
Orientals, and denies to these alien
the right to buy or own land," which
la u tar from the truth as It la possible
for lt to,be. i~>
_Was lt Dr. deck or Sir Richard Mc-
Bride that climbed Mount HcKlnley
and discovered the North Pole?
Bomnr'g geilM Baisf laeortad to
by  M_t__tn  Proa.
Ladvnnith to Bttaoaion,    '
■osblwrdara, Undir Pergonal go.-
parviglon of Mint Oparatort,
"'- Omtfanio Dolly Faroe.;
LADYSMITH, Sept. 8-The Canadian
CollleriM Company here to, making another deepersto attempt to "scab" the
mines at Extension. It did one good
to see the "farce" enacted here thla
morning, Aa tha "scabs" some ten
la' number, were going from their
homes to the "mlnen' train." they
Make his own wretched
T. B. Shoebotham, tha lawyer who
hu been prosecuting < the Nanalmo
mlnen on behalf of the Attorney-General, ahould lose'his sown, saya the
Victoria News.   It he la quoted correctly he Ib not lit to he a member of
the legal fraternity.  Not only does he
discuss the probable outcome of the
cum on which he la engaged, but he
speaks most Insultingly of tha miners,
comparing them with cattle. He uys:
"Many of thou who have been
arreeted for assault and other offences ara now chewing the cud
of repentance, and I fancy that
before the law Is done with them
they will be even mora melancholy
u to their plight"
wen' escorted and guarded by
mounted, foot militia and Innumerable
"spatial" police aiid plain clothes men,
Before tha train left the depot hue
"detachment" of militia went ahead
of It, and scoured the "bush" on each
side of tho track to guard against
aome Imaginary enemy that might be
ln waiting tor the train as It
S_fc..a' *—
When the "advance" guard got to
tha cabbage patches at Diamond Crossing they were observed examining the
cabbage plants to see If some bombs
or other articles of destruction were
secreted there.
It would have swelled the breut of
the "Vancouver Napoleon" or Sam
Hughes If tbey could have seen their
brave (?) militia doing such exhausting work and In ao admirable a manner. .
The people of ladysmlth will owe
a "debt of gratitude" to the militia
in bringing auch security (!) to the
city, u everyone goes to bed at nights
now with the knowledge of their
safety secured, u the street Is so well
patrolled around tbe temporary "bar-
racks" and quarters.
If, only the "special" police wen so
weli guarded the people would feel
tlstentIn favor ef a general ewe-
peaslonof work by alt the organ.,
laed workera ef British Columbia
la prmhtM in anion clretoa. Ta
oueh an extent hu thie ssntlmsist ,
eryaMised that the ft & Federation of Lohei> too issued a ilnutir
eeklng sll sMIeted ergawtostleas
ta take a vote te determine If
^ there ahall er ahall net be eueh a.
, euepenelen af 4S houra duratlen.
;    Inaamuoh u thie move w<
leunehedtoehew the Jaet Indignation af the warkara hsuuas milt.
• tary power hu been htveked la a>
feat the ^atriklng ariaeea ea Van-
Vis - wataat To—— Wsu
Sight toOrfS-M
Verily the ways of the
Herald are devlcas aad sard to.^Slr-
been expreeeed beeeuee tha Writer
yWtad the Veneeuver Tradaa aaa)
Ushar Council which, aamatiam
tha redsratiea ef Laher, ia the-
largest body repreeentatlve af ee-
ganlsed lebor In the prevhtae, and
advised against tha fulfilment af
euehontove. No dsetttheu who
enoeureged the plait haa sitaatsd
by a elneere desire te bs helpful ta
the Islsnd minora, therefore frail
that an explenatlen ef my attitude
of opposition oneuld bo made.
With me the eucoesa of tha Vaaeou-
ver Island mtna worteia la paraamant
and though I appreciate the good Intentions of our supporters, I fe«l ft to
be my duty to protect the strikers
against danger of injury by Impetuous friends u well u hy deetgntag
It will be asked wherein lied- thai
danger to the striken, tet ua analyse
the project and see.
The essence-of the official circular
calling for a vote on the question Is
u follows: -
-     "If you are In favor of the use
of the military to defeat the work-
ers, vote against a general suspension."  ■■■■■.;..-      ■' ■-
Now what Is the etatua of the men
who are to vote on the question t For-
tyllve per' eent of them are' employed
In Vancouver, Victoria and New Westminster; Included ln this proportion
are 1600 memben of the Amalgamated
Association ot Street Car Employeu
who have just, within a fortnight signed up a two-year contract The mam-
ben of many other organisations ara
working under joint agreements. Both „ .
cltlea are full of Idle, halfetarved, dee- un,»1V? «
perate men who cannot get a day's _*■ mS!__,n■_::—r i z
■■ - far a "foreign" labor union, aad aaab
a profound regard for a "foreiga" eoal
compaoy, eepeclaUy when both
en Joined forow with tha test 41 thslr
feUow-worken oo the lsk—d ud Said to exact from tha ooal coaa-
PMiw a greater sssaaan of JuaUea,
this lusty-lunged champion ot
Weetera Fuel bu ootatripped all i
peUton tn hurilag Invectives
addle-headed noasaau et the Ua
Mine Wortan of Amerlcs,7
that body Is a
Although the Herald hu boa persistent in lta donssototion of est wa
entertained ao reeentment becana* wa
felt that tha aatlpatty wu ao note
than. should be expected trtaa one
whose soul Is permuted with'a'pardonable admiration and revenaaa tot
the glory aad traditions of his aoaa-
try aad because ws were beginning to
believe tha attacks wen only the* result ot a patriotism which could aat .
hear to su the sacred precincts ot a .
loved domain Invaded by uythiag that
had a "foreign" aspect'-aa. that wa
war* about to forgive, and ws would
have forgiven wan lt not that we ware
unable to uadentud how bur tradaear
employment of any kind, and baton
the vote can be taken, returned ami
tabulated and the reeult announced
winter will be at hand, and a consequent lessening of work In the building and other tradee, which will add
to the number already unemployed.
Included tn the remaining St per
doubly- secure.   To help to keep the S?nt «•"» mlnen employed by the
  ■ •   Vancouver-Nanaimo Coal Mining Company on the Island, and those who are
employed In the Crows Neat Pus
country of Eutern' British Columbia,
all of whom are memben of tha Ualt-
ed Mine Worken   of America   and
working under Joint agreement! which
neither the terms of the agreements
nor the laws of their union will allow
them to violate by unitedly suspending work for 48 houn. 86 that ln voting In the affirmative on the question
the striking miners, who are also eligible to vote, will occupy the rather
strange position of lighting to secure
a Joint agreement yet advising othen
to violate agreements already secured.
The position of the mlnen In the
Crofts Nest- Pau will be but explained by a quotation of a section of their
joint agreement, which follows:
"When sny employee absents
himself from work for a period of
two days unless through sickness,
or by tint having properly arranged with the Pit Bon or Fore-
(Continued on Peas •)
spirits of the militiamen up, and to
flnd something to occupy their vacant
minds, Captain Clark, the officer ln
command, hu given them permission
to hold a concert and dance on the
18th in tbe Gem theatre, a place where
so self-respecting union man or
woman will put their foot ln voluntarily. The proceeds are ln aid of tbe
Progress Club. It Is to be hoped that
the "respectable" people* will be there
ui force; u the union "boys" and
union ladles will shun it like a contagious dlseaae. '
•. C. E. R, Motorman Killed.
In a head on collision at noon Sunday on the main line of the Chilllwack
branch of the B. 0. Electric Railway,
near Abbotcford, between an east
bound freight train, and a west bound
milk train, John Plewes, motorman of
the milk train, wu so badly hurt that
he died a few houn after in the hospital and Ave other memben of the
crew on the.two' trains were more or
less seriously Injured.
horn the seme "fontgn" oountry,
It wu this dissimilarity of antipathy
that made us skeptical of the HenlTa
sincerity, aad prompted ue to withhold our complete pardon tor tha attacks. ■ "'."..■
Aad now our assailant hai further
coufoynded us by editorially commanding a "foreign" Ubor unloa. Tali
ludicrous attempts to discredit tho
U. M. W. of A. and stampede tha employees of the Western Fuel, the Her-
aid, la a recent Issue, raters to tho
sgreement negotiated by the' B. C
Electric Company with lta employees,
and ottos this u-a praiseworthy example of intelligence ud good Judgment and u being In commendable
contrast with the arrogant stupidity
aad tactics of the U. M. W. of A.
What an undesirable position the
Herald Inadvertently placed its friend
and benefactor, the Western Fuel, la
when it wrote that editor—IT
The agreement referred to wu entered Into between the B. C. Electric
Company and the Amalgamated Association of Street Railway Employees,
which is a' "foreign" union, and thls
'foreign" union did tor ths B. 0. Dae*
trie Company and public Interests exactly what the U. M. W. of A. waat
to do for the Mining Industry aad
publlo Interests, but the Herald should
understand that lt takes both faeton
to consummate an arrangement of thla
kind. ,
The U. H. W. of A. oocuplee relatively tha aame poaltlon as the A.
A. 8. C. E.
However, there la this dlfferaaw
between the ownen of the B, 0, Electric and the Mlae owners: Tha fer-
mar had enough business acumen to
know that tbey could aot hope to las
a step behind the progreu ef time,
so lutead of crying "foreign unloa,"
they accepted tha Inevitable and met
with the offlcen of the A. A. S. C. E.
to conciliate the difference between
the two forces, aad the result la that
in so'far u It Is affected by the B, C.
Blectric and lta employeu. Industrial
tranquility bu not been disturbed,
while the letter have aot displayed
the ume business acumen. They
seem to believe tbelr little circle le
Invulnerable to penetration by pro-
greas snd justice, and that by wrap-
plng themselves In a msntle of patriot-
Ism snd crying "foreign union" tbey
can escape tbe legitimate claims of
their employees, so thst whsn the
mine ownen were approached ud
uked to use the medium of Intelligent
conciliation to adjust ths dijterancu
between them and their employeu,
they were unlike the ownen of the
C, Blectric; they hsd "nothing to
arbitrate," and tbe result of thslr
stupidity and arrogance Is that Industrial warfare prevails. Industry Is
crippled, business demoralised, the
Government disgraced and a "foreign
union" is put to the necessity of giving them a sound thrashing, and tha
Herald has revealed the fact that It
hu no real antipathy for "foreign
unions" so long as they do not Inter
fere with Its "foreign" muter, the
Western Fuel Company.
Will Try to Settle Copper Strike.
John A. Moffitt wu ordered oa Wednesday from Waahlngton to Calumet
Mich., by Secretary Wilson to confer
with President Moyer, of the Western
Federation of Miners, on a settlement
of the copper strike.
Pslntsrs Re-elect Officers.
For the third consecutive term
George F. Hedrlck of Albany, N. T„
hu been elected president ot tha
Brotherhood ot Painters, Decorators
snd Psperhangers of America, with
which 150 Vancouver workmen ara
J. C. Skemp of Lafayette, lad., wu
re-elected secretary-treuuiwr and John
J. Flnan of Chicago wu reelected flnt'
vice-president t_m two
PuhUsbed weekly by The B.
atlonlst,  Ltd., owned lolntly  -.
couver Trades  and Lanor Council ana
C. Feder-
by  Van:
the B. C Federation of Labor, with
which is afflliated 16,000 organised wage-
Issued every Friday morning.
Preaident.  Jas- Campbell
Vice-President cl"ftt,,3.£X2S
Director....;....,.. — ;,'Jt_iSH5
Secretary-Treasurer 3. -H. McVety
Managing-Editor.—R. Parm, pettlplece
Advertising Manager...
..M. c. Shrader
Subscription:   It.sS psr year;   In Van
.-   couver City,,|1.«: .to unions eub-
aorlblag In a body, 76 cents.
"Ussy et Labor i the kepe et tke woiM."
...SEPTEMBER 11, 1113
Oh Lord (Ballyrot), behold now thy
people who beseech thee to grant
unto them thy divine attention,
Ws call thu to witness, oh Lord,
that la our country then sojourneth
many men of gnat valour and renown. Ia among them an the pto-
aur, the laborer, the engineer, the
carpenter, tha etoel-worher end many
othen. Now, oh Lord, It ie the humble prayer of thy children that they
might build a railroad for thine honor
aad glow- But eo evil are the days
upon which we have fallen that even
these thy lowly servants, are u naught
without beau to stay their hunger,
overalls to cover their nakedness, and
toola wherewith to labor.
We know, moat gracious Lord, thst
thou dost possess the magic power to
provide thu* comforts by mesns of
the coin that thou hut We wot not
how thon but come by the coin, but
If thou wilt spend It u we require, we
will grant unto thee all of the country
which hu not already been taken;
together with all that lleth above or
beneath the earth, the fowls ot the air
and the bents of the Held.
Harken unto us, oh precoue Lord,
aad thon wilt not only possess a nil-
road for thy greater power and glory,
but also all the country lying adjacent
thereunto, and the pltltens thereof
win bless thM and pay thu a hand-
i dividend henceforth and forever.
It le perfectly scandalous the way
Justice can be manipulated by men
with money oyer in the United States.
It is a matter of aad but common
knowledge that rich criminals can
frequently escape the consequences ot
tbelr misdeeds by the considerate employment of their ample means.
How grateful we should be that
British Justice can not "be handled In
such rude fublon. Our courts aad
our officers of tbe law are entirely immune from the baneful influences of
wealthy malefactors—until they happen to catch one.
Events now promoting national nau
su In Quebec, Indicate that If out
courts are unacquainted wltb any line
of conduct other than that arising
from enforced innocence, they are apt
Neatness and dispatch characterises
British legs! procedure ln the cue of
impecunious evil-doers. But lt hu remained for an homicidal roue from
New York's tenderloin to ehow our
legal lights Just what a line stock of
technicalities they had ln cold storage
waiting for a buyer. Irrespective ot
anything Thaw hu done, he Is likely
to remain In Canada for some time,
becauee of British avenlon to deporting a new experience ln the form of
good money,
(Since the above wu written, Thaw
has bun forcibly ejected, presumably
by tbe offlclsls who failed to su any
of the family coin coming their way).
Incorporated 1855
Capital and Reurve....|8,700,00O
85 Branches In Canada
General   Banking
Savings Department
At All Branches.   Interest Allowed at Highest Current Rate.
But End Branch
A. W. Jeryis, Manager,
lte Royal Bank
of Canada
i*aoaroa-nv> isas
rest-av Capital
wa amam nr-
-  tmunamrm-
".. VMM   IV '•■•
_ On Dollar will open
Iks eeooaat end year
Suisse* will, be wel-
eussbs tTlegge es
He wu a lanky penon, and as he
punued a bass drum up and down the
struts with violent contortions, the
chill xaphyn of autumn sighed playfully about that portion of him when
an effete civilisation hu decreed
trousers should repose, but which wae
bare, all too bare. Accompanied by
two smaller drums, and rudely interrupted by an untamed piper, be
played an Inspiring ballad entitled,
"One dollar a day and found."
As the seven strains of the martial
music subsided, loud applause bunt
spontaneously from three soldiers
who had been specially detailed for
that purpose. The civilian spectator,
Ms breath regained, wu enabled ta
look about him.
AcrosB the strut a collection of
conical tents formed a picturesque
scene as the lights from within glowed
dully through the cauvss. In front
ot the tents a sentry with f—ed bayonet paced solemnly up and' down.
None can blame him, the bars.were
officially closed. Upon a piece of
grass to the rear of the encampment
another sentry turned himself slowly
round, about He would bave paced,
but tbere was not sufficient room.
These guarded the tents from the
assaults of two stray pups that
skulked ln the neighborhood; they also
provided smusement for several small
One Juvenile, evidently of foreign
extraction, remarked to the fearsome
drummer aforementioned: "Awa'
heme ye feckless loon and pit yer
troosers on."        ' ■•       .■••
Thus Nanaimo, where ln the still of
the evening ell Is frolicsome, military
and extremely foolish.
At a meeting of tbe Westminster
Presbytery lut wuk a resolution wu
adopted on the Oriental question. The
clergymen devoted mu;h care to framing the resolution which duls with
the social, economic and moral features of the cue. It will be forwarded to Provincial aad Dominion governments. The text of the resolution follows:
That work Is for workers and love is
tor lovere no one disputes. Some day
lt wtll also be seen tbat law Ib for law-
yen and politics for politicians.—A.
0. Wagner.
It Is always bad times for tbe working class. Here, and there one may
escape by some lucky turn, but these
exceptions only go to prove the rule.:
3. Songhees H. Matson has refunded
I600O to a fund the government Itself
should bave provided for. Sort ot conscience appeuer. Tbe other 140,000;
is still unaccounted for. .
"We vote u we march, was a favorite Labor Day motto in various cities.
Scabbing at the ballot box Is a sense-
leu thing to do, and labor's eyes are'
opening wider and wider to its clsss
interests every year."
It Is now estimated that' the cigar-1
makers' Internstlonsl Union has paid
out In benefits and'relief thus far the
big total of 110,000,000. Few outside
the ranks of organlted labor realise
the big part the unions plsy ln taking
care ot the victims of capitalism.
It la easy for the fellow who never1
does anything to avoid criticism, but
the man who stops briskly out and gets:
somewhere Is bound to step on the
tou of eome one. And It la better to
be criticised than to be a mere do-
nothing. To which class do yon belong?
Millions undentand today that our
economic system le fundamentally rot'
ten: rotten to the core. What their
do not undentand Is thst' everything
we clus under tbe head of "education"
patterns after that rotten economle
system, of which It Is ths child. That
Is the education we attack. Of true
education the disinherited cannot have
too much, for trained Intelligence Is
the key that must unlock slavery s
I have never beep able to regard
lt ss anything else than a plain application of Christian principles that
the flnt charge upqo' any trade or Industry ahould be a wsge for Its worken which makes a decent living possible-call it, If you will, a "living
wage": that a trade or Industry whieh
cannot psy such a wsge cannot Justify
lta existence, snd that tta' fnmtmmity
bas no right ta make use of its services.—Archbishop Lang.
There are too many plans put for-
ward on how to organise the working
elau any too little attention given to
the work ot organisation Itself. Conversation artists ud spittoon philosophers may serve a purpose In the
greet scheme of things, but Just wbat
It Is hu not yet come to our attention,
(let the men organised and they may
be depended on to work out their salvation ln a way that will ere long
cause plutocracy to tremble. We are
on the right road.—Shingle Weaver.
We must all work together or be
"worked" separately.
*  *  *
Thlr le a fine world—for thoee who
can afford to live In It  Are you living
or Jut existing?
■ *  e   a.
Under capitalism one man's misfortune le another man'a luck.
a- •   •
Blessed are they that strike against
■ntustlee, for they shall* Inherit the
earth and the fullness thereof. To
each a plot in aome cemetery at-any
rate! 7    ' ■
"Up from Knavery" might be the title of a history of Big Business.
*        e   e   • '■ ■-
Our whole eystem of society la rotten from top to bottom ... the
worth that the world hu ever wen."
—Dr. Alfred Russell Wgllsu, the famous British scientist, and oo-dlscoverer
with Darwin of the principle of natural
Capital Is Reserve $11,176,578
In the BANK OF TORONTO an prating to
ba a greet convenience to
muy  of  our   friends.
Wltb these accounts either of two persons of the
household .may deposit or
withdraw money.   Inter-
,    eat is paid on sll balances
/     twice s yesr. Ineveotof
death of either party the
survivor may withdraw
the money.
4/t% Hastings Street West
Cor. Hastings & Carrall Sts.
New Wutmtaster    Victoria
British liberty, as we are presumed
to have It today, Is nothing more than
the wisdom which this kind of occurrence hu taught us„ crystalited into
preventive legislation, and whenever
the blood of the working clue rune
so cold and thin that It wtll sllow Its
rights to be trampled upon by alien
corporations of a Government drunk
with power, ooV decadence will quickly conquer us, and the Empire to which
we belong become a prey to a more
virulent people.—Parker Williams, M.
UA.       '\
This talk about "beauty" on work-
tired faces bores me. to extinction.
The pqeta may shout themselves
hoarse singing of the "beauty of toll"
and the loveliness of work-tired faces;
but I must confess that I am never
Impressed: Toll le psln and It looks
like hell when ornamented with, a
halo. Toll isn't beautiful; it's ujly.
disgustingly ugly.. I, for one, csn see
no dignity nor beauty about toll. By
the way, these lily-lingered chape who
warble about beautiful work-tlrert
faces are mighty anxloua to keep away
from the task of digging a nice cool
newer.—Emanuel Julius, In' Citlsen.
The Federatlonist learns on fairly
good authority that Premier McBride
hu gone to the Old Country upon the
Invitation of Unionist politicians who
are anxious to bave him assume the
dutlu of luder, a position that Boner
Law Is trying to hold down. IT true,
and McBride lands the plum, tt will
serve at leut one good purpose. The
premiership would then fall to Bowser. Bowser would wreck the preeent
government Inside of a year. It would
then he up to the working class to
elect a legislature aot owned body,
boots and breeches by Sin BUI snd
good' Insight u to the purposes which
he la. expected to serve as a militiaman.—Unton Labor Journal.
"It Is only when co-operation for the
,)ubllc well-being has taken the place
ot the senseless and brutal scramble
for bare existence that fair and healthy competition will be possible In the
things whloh are really worth competing about. There Is nothing grand
or noble In taking the bread from an-,
other man's mouth when there Is quite
enough bread to go round. Such competition Is not only foolish, but also
degrading. Oh the other hand, it will
always he considered creditable to win
a. race, or to get a picture hung ln the
Royal Academy. Competition for wages ie bad; hut-competition for honor Ib
good, and should be encouraged. By
destroying .the.flnt, socialism would
give a Stimulus to the'second; for only
when the mind is freed from material
cane is It possible tor healthy human
Instincts to have free play."
■Even under the most favorable clr-
aumstances, although the militia themselves sympathised with the toller In
hla etruggle to improve his conditions
of labor, aad bring a little more sunshine, a little more happiness Into tbe
lines of his loved ones, and although
the Worker had committed no overt
act, was absolutely peaceable and law-
abiding, and the corporation had hired
gunmen, thugs, the scourlngs ot the
slums Of the great cities, and had them
commit outrages and blame tt on tbe
worken ln order to furnish a pretext
to send ln the militia, and even If the
militiamen knew this and were sorry
for the workingmen, and personally
each of them used his Influence to
help them I the, truth te, that even In
thie esse tbe very fact that the militia
for any reason are taken into a community where Industrial strife exists,
leaves the Impression ln the minds ot
the outside public that the striken are
law-breakers, pronerty-destroyen, etc.,
and turns the tide ot public opinion
against the working men and on the
side of the oppressor."
It Is often Bald nowadays that governments are a business proposition.
They are something more. They are a
business proposition for business men.
It may be urged that governments also
concern themselves with the well being of those who have no business
except to sell their labor power. Under this category would come the welfare legislation" such as child labor
laws, the abolition of chattel slavery,
employen: liability lawe, and a host of
othen. But If one carefully reviews
the arguments which are brought forward to support such ameliorative ipea-
sures if will af once be seen that they
are introduced ln order to protect rather commerce and-industry, then to ben
-eflt. the workera. It ts shown that the
efficiency of the work depends upon to
a great extent the physical and mental efficiency 61 the man, add free labor was therefore preferable to chattel
slavery. Booke were written to this
effect before the civil- war and were
prohibited from circulation In the slave
states which were controlled by the
slave owning, aristocracy. Welfare
workere point opt that eafety devices
and employer's liability laws necessitating the protection of tbe worken
when at their appointed tasks ts a
true economy In production, and benefits the capitalist u much u lt improves the conditions of the worker
whom In any event It will render more
satisfied and consequently more efficient—Nome Worker.
roused ln others will ever be In tile ia
forefront of our great International j
movement—H. M, Hyndman, ln-Jue-   -
The Compelling Force.
Tbe taking of human life. Is a terrible thing elwaye and everywhere.
But it Is no better when it is token u
the price of gold in the mine or the
price of profits'* In the. Industries of
the. world, observes the Nome Worker.
The slaughter ln mine and railroad
and In the induetrlal plants of this
continent are four-fifths of tbem avoidable; are downright social murders,
whose responsibility society cannot
evade even u much as It may disclaim responsibility, tha maimed
horron in the cities, the starving outcasts v who are denied access to tbe
means of subsistence, none hut the
empty headed miserable, prostitute
would view tbem with any other feeling than that they are the hapless
viotlms of social Injustice that Is a
social crime. But because they are. so
regarded, and because there are so
many miserable mental lickspittles In
this world they are now and then
driven by circumstances to resort to
illegalities that dismay.
Day after day she etsuds
With aching buk, her busy hands
Smoothing the silks and lues fair
She does not wear.
Night after night she dlmbs up to her
barren cell,
Whose dingy walls foretell
The drawn-out torture of the future
She shudders, and her frightened tun.
Flooding the roses of her skin
Turn It to parchment, wan and thin.
And then—
We call together sleek and prosperous
Fat-Jowled and double-chinned,
To flnd out why the girl hu sinned,
—Ralph Bacon, In Life.
Halifax, N. 8., Longshoremen.
For conlsderable time we have been
in correspondence with the offlcen pf
the large Independent local of general
longshore worken ln Halifax, N. S„
with a view of having them become a
part of the I. U A. During the put
week Vice-President Tlghe paid a visit
to that port and with the assistance
of Brother. Joy, who la preaident of
the Halifax local, wu successful In
having them apply for charter. They
are now known u Local 842.—The
FRIDAT.............SEPTEMBER 11, 1118
AMP fi Hi Till
•ten Sous 8.30 a.m. to 5J0 pat.
•atarday 8.S0 a.m. to 8.90 p m.
Be Sure and Let the Wife Read This
See T/hese—They are made-from fancy diagonal tweeds
in grey, brown and-ten. Cut full 52-inches long, having the
new storm collar. Qui— and collar neatly finished with tailored broadcloth,  A very strong value at jlO.00. All sizes.
Smart serviceable cuts for the school miss. Ah extensive
aad pleealng variety now reedy for your choosing. Bring the girl
In thla wuk, yon will* Snd we are better prepared, than ever before to furnish practical coats In style*, materiel and colon at
vary modest prion. Pony cloths, Imported curl fabrics, bouucles,
diagonals, cheviots, blanket cloths and line tweeds.' Sixes tor girls
up to 14 yeara,   Some excellent value* are featured at H<0,
18.00, W-00, tTM, 88.80 aad up to  '-.f 18.00
Stoves MpRanges
Mount Pleasant headquartera for Carpenten'Toola
and all kinde of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Preildent—ChrUt I wi Slvertx, 1278
Den man street, Victoria, B. C,
Secretary-tre-8iirer—V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1044, vanoouver, B. C.
Vice-presidents—O, A. Burnes, A.
Watchman, Vlotoria; J. Ferris, J. Kavanagh, vanoouver; J. Cuthbertson*
Greenwood; J. W. Oray, Fernle; J. J.
Taylor, Ladysmlth.
Amalgamated Carpenters—Wm.
son. *28 Raymur Ave.
Barbers,   No.   HO—C.
Room 208 tabor Temple.
Hardware and Tools
O, A splendid stook ot the beat in the world's market
W» make a specialty of supplying every need and re-
.  " quirement of, the artisan in- our line. -
7 Haitmcs Straat Wait
Phone ieymoar S34
Phones Say. 3827-9128
Tool Specialist
Hardware and
Sporting Goad*
111 Hastlngi Stteat Wast
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 617—.
G. W. Williams, Rooms 104-06, Labor
Bartenders—O. W. Curnock, Room 208,
Labor Temple.
Blacksmiths No. 151—It. Porter, View
Hill P. o„ North Burnaby,
- Bricklayers, No. 1—W.
Room 2111 Labor Temple.
8.  Daenall,
Wbat shall lt proflt a man to be
ever so "effleleat" If be eaa't get work?
TTnder capitalism tbe more efficient
tbe Individual worker tbe lees ot bim
collectively will be employed. And
that Ib all there la to tbe Taylor "effl-
oleney system." It'a a labor-savins
scheme. That le, lt eaves the boss
money. That's why he Is so enthusiastic over the Introduction ot Indus-
trial education la the schools. He will
he the aMet beneflolary from It, and
the State paa the bills. Aad there you
sre.—Coast Seamen's Journal.
Apathy la mora dangerous to the
workers than agitators.
Tor that tired feeling try attending
your neit anion- meeting.
Even scab lawyers have been known
to smite the hand that feede them.
Unfortunately tbe onion does not
OWN the Jobs,  That will eome later.
No wage-worker aver owned a Job.
The lobs belong to thoee who legislatively own the earth.
1 Some members of unions would be
left naked'If they were stripped of the
non-union goods they were wearing.
The blwest coward ln the world Is
•he mtn who is continually npnoaling
to the law for protection—Columbus
-Medical Journal.
! The union does not Ss the mailmum
, wage, but merely sets forth the minimum wage upon whieh lte members
will consent to live,
"Women nowadays wear almost
nothing under the gowns even In tbe
daytime."—Times. Some becauso they
may; others, alas, because they must.
Organise flrst. Then do anything
the membership decides to do afterward to advance and maintain the Interests of tbe organisation.
It la reserved for some great critic
to give aa a study of ths psychology
of the nineteenth century. Thoee of
us who ss adults saw it face to face in
that moiety of tta days when one lleree
hand after another—Merx'e, Zola's,
Strlndberg'e, Turgerief*6, Tolstoy's—
stripped lta masks off and revealed ll
as, one tbe whole, perhapa tbe moat
villainous page of recorded humsn
history, can alao recall the strange
confidence with which lt regarded It-
eelf aa the very summit of civilisation,
and talked of the past aa a cruel gloom
that had been dispelled forever by the
railway and ths electric telegraph.—
Bernard Shaw.
"At the preeent rate of expenditure
the faar countries of Germany, France^
Oreat Britain, and the United States
will spend la the next'forty years, the
life of one generation, for the support
of armlss and navies an amount sufficient to build 8,000,800 country and
village housss at an average.coat of
12*100 each. With father, mother, and
four children In each of these houses
they woaia furnish homes for 11,000,-
000 people, which Is more than the
total present population of these .four
countries living tn villages and the
open country. Thus the fear of war,
la consuming ths home of the rural
and village population of these great
nations ln a single generation.—United States Bureau of Bducation.
We have heard a great deal of twaddle about patriotism In connection
with the militia but It remains for the
militia themselves to express the real
reason for the maintenance of militia
organisations, They are not for the
purpose of protecting their country
from a foreign foe but for the purpose
of Intlmldstlng snd preventing a "serious outbreak" of the working people
who are employed In tbe Industries of
s community, The flrst Inquiry the
large Investor makes Is, "what kind
of an organised militia Is there In a
community*"' The working msn who
associates himself with an. organisation of that sort ought to get a pretty
"Living lp a world that moves, we
find,that we must keep moving at a
lively pace to keep In touch With daily
—almost hourly—revolutions. We are
rapidly reshaping our idess On many
questions—among .other important
ones, the woman question. It was
man's boast, only yesterday, that woman should adore him tor his chivalry. Today we know that chivalry
is an ugly, crude lie; we know thst
men are not chivalrous; and tbe proofs
are many—tbo treatment accorded the
suffragists of England, and, above all.
the manner ln which women are treated as Inferiors in practically every
phase of life. Paying women half the
wage* paid to men, tor the same work,
le a splendid Indlcathm of chivalry.
Making a woman literally the property
of her husband Is another glorious
proof of chivalry. Countenancing
system that lets the. daughters of the
poor become prostitutes, Is adorable
chivalry. But,*we know that chivalry
is aad always wss a grim joke. Women, fortunately, are not slow to see
the hollowness ot the lie. So, Instead
of allowing a few of tbelr number to
be placed on Shaky pedestals, the
many sre looking upon themselves as
equals, ready to do their share of the
world's work and struggling to get
what hj their Just shsre. Women today, want what le thelrs-r-and tbey
certainly will get It .They don't want
chivalry and bunk; they are after an
opportunity to bear their own tasks
so they shall not flnd It necessary to
use sex Is a means of a livelihood,
either through marriage or prostitution."
JUII1    i,SO      UBUU1      J CI1IH1C. I
Bakery Workera, No, 46—W. Rouer*.
Room 220, Lahor Temple.
Building Tradea Council—
Bookbinder*; No, 106—J. F. UcConnell,
1044 Pacific St.
Cooks—E. W. Walker, Room 20$ Labor
Ctirar Makers, No. 367-
•Robt J. Craig,
The use of Ihe label on your printing (no extra cost to you)
will help us do our duly in fighting tuberculosis
Expert Sheithaad, Trsewritlal, Hsaus-aSlal. amltllrashiat. MsaalnphsngapilM
- Plumbers, No.
411—A. McLaren, Box
c|o Kurta Clear Factory, Water Bt
Electrical   Workers.  No.   213—W.
Dunn. Room 207, Labor Temple.
Fletcher, if81 Broadway: West
Glass Workers, No. 40—1. Fraser 1«32
Stalnabury Ave., Cedar Cottage.
Longshoremen—Thos. Nixon, lit Wat'
er Bt
Lathers,    No.    207—V.   R    Mldgley.
Room 208, Labor Temple.
Machinists,   No.   IIS—Jaa.   Tumbril,
2018 PVrnwood Road,
Molders, ,No.    281—D.   Brown,   Itl
Broadway West. -
Moving Picture Operators—A. O. Hansen Box 1081. Cc. -^
Pattern    Makers—Thos.    Smith,    141
Broadway West
Plumbers. No. 170—W. Paton, Room
Streetrallway (Employees,
A. F, Duncan, 228 Mowat Bt
Brotherhood Railway Carmen, No. 171
—F. tockwell.
1018 Oranvllle
Hyndman on Bebel.
It used to be said out West, I remember: "Tbere is no good Indian but
a dead Indian," Far be It from me to
compare the noble and humane August
Bebel to a 8loux chief or an Apache
"brave." Yet Bebel living was the
mark for the hatred and leers and
sneers snd vllllflcstton and contumely
of ths entire capitalist press of Europe. He could do nothing right. His
every speech and all his actions, according to them, were inspired by a
mean Jealousy of better men than himself, and a furious desire to overthrow
the whole fabric of civilisation In favor of a obaotlc anarchy fatal to human progress. So they said-yesterday
when Bebel was alive. But Bebel dead
Is distinctly "good Indian." I have
read with pleasure, not unmlngled with
contempt, the glowing tributes to his
high character and splendid services
In nearly every Journal of the dominant class, in this country and all over
the Continent Bebel, they declare
now, was a line citlsen end a great
man. So he was, so he tt. But we
Social-Democrats had not to wait till
hla death to discover it.
To the spreading ot this knowledge,
and to the organisation ot Its Intelligent votaries Into the most formidable
party ln the world, Bebel devoted hts
life. We marched to his funeral, sadly
reflecting that we had lost a hero of
onr faith, with banners trailing, woa-
pons reversed, and solemn music playing: we came back from it, as he
would bave wished, with the Red
flag* of the social revolution floating
above us, with every arm ready for
use, and with the bands playing the
most stirring of our socialist tunes.
Bebel Is dead, yet Bebel still lives:
and the spirit he displayed himself and
United  Mine Workers,  No   2811—J.
Smith.. __-,.*""
United  Mine Workers—District   IS—
a    t  Garter
United Mine Workers, No. 1114—Thos;
218 Labor Temple.
Palntera,  No.   138—Skene
Sub P. O. No. 8.
Steam Engineers, No. 887—B. Prender-
gast, Room 216; Labor Temple,
Btreet Railway Employees, No. 101—
A. Lofting, Box 178. City Heights.
Shinglers—J. F. Ryali, 1018 *"
Sheet Metal Workers, No. 280—E. A.
Edworthy, Labor Temple.
Stonecutters—J. Campbell, . P. O.
Box 1047, City.
Trades and Labor Council—J. W. Wll-
k!n»on, Room 210 Labor Temple.
Typographical Union, No. 221—H.
Neelands, Box 86.
Tile Layers, No, 68—J. A, Pelb'am,
1788-10th Ave. East.
Upholsterers, No, 14—W. Johnstone,
615 Helmeken Bt.
Waitresses, No. 766—B. W. walker,
Room 208, Labor Temple.
Waltera, No. 18—E. W, Walker, Room
208 Labor Temple,
Western Federatol net Miners, No. 816
—R. P. Pettlplece, Room 117 Labor
Temple.   . \
Amalgamated    Carpenters — A.
Wrench Box 770.
rar. Box 1188.
Boiler Makers, No. Ill—J, Sheriff, Es-
qulmnlt, B. O,
Bookbinders, No. 147—W. W. LaIng,
1007 Pendergaat St   .
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 1848—
W. A. Parkinson, Box III.
Building Trades Council—T. H. Norrls. Labor Rail.
Bartenders, No. 814—F. F, Jewell,
Horse Shoe, Government-St.
Clgarmakers, No. til—W. H. Pepper,
481 John St.
Cooks and'Walters, No. 4BI—
Electrical Workers, No. Ill—W. Reld
11 SI Pandora Bt
Int. Rod Carriers and Building Labor-
era* Union of America, Mb. 141—T. Cul-
lum 741 Pembroke.Bt.
Laboren' Protective Union—J. L. Martin, 8811 shelhourne Bt .   ,
Letter Carirens, NO. 11—Christian
siverts. 1178 penman-St
Lathers, tto, III—W. F. Callow, III
Gorge Road-
Longshoremen—Francis Cody,  Hudson's Bay Wharf. _  _   ._  _.
MachinMa   No. 416—D, Buckenrldge,
Mofders,    NO.    144—A,    Clegg,    1047
Soufli'gate Bt..    '   .,       ■        ,     ....
Plumbers,  No.  824—O.  Letster,   411
Painters, No. I^-Frank HarVey, Bor
Plasterers, No. 410—K, Eleeton, IBS
Mensle St.  ■'«■-.   ..*■■ »
Steam Engineers—W. Pool, 1028' N.
Park St
Sheet Metal  Workers—C.   Stewart,
Box 1088.' " '    ...   „ .„ I .
Stage Employees, No. Ill—H.. Marsh.
1058 North Park St    „     ,.,   _    „
Trades and Labor Council—T. H.
Nnrrln. Labor Hall.   • _   . ;    ..
Tailors, No. 141—E. O. Christopher,
Box 117.
Mow Was—_s«en   •
Amalgamated Carpenters—A. M. Mo-
rconald. Ill RoyalAve.      ...    ....
Brotherhood of Carpenter* T»o, Ull—-.
A. Welker, Box 984. ■ A ...
Barbers, No. 878—W. Breimar, .801
Columbia St. ....   „ ^,    .
cigar Makers, No. 416—Harmon Knud-
won. Box 618. „  '-. „.. .  . .
Federal Labor Union—H. A. Gilchrist,
710 Agnes St. ■
Trades and Labor Counoll—B. D,
Grant Box 814. • v
Tvpographlcal Union, Na. 661——
Stnnev. Box 168.
Teamsters,   No.   Ill—H.   O.   Coi
Box 67.
Mine  Workers,  No.   2877—J,
United Mine Workers, No. 2487--W.
Ones Forks.
Western Federation of Mlnen, No. 180
—J. N. Currle, Box M.
Western Federation of Minora, No. 22
—W. Lakewood, Box 124.
Western-Federation of Miners, No. 161
-JT. R. Willey, Box 878,
Western Federation of Miners, No. 100
-H. P, Vlllsnsuve.
Western Fedei»tlon of Miners, No. 61
—L. A. Lemon, .Box 811.
, 'sedyssslsh.
United Mine Workers. No.  2881— D.
Rooms 207-208 Molsons  Bsnk
Bldg., ISO Hsslngs St Esst.
Nsxt to Corneals library.
Vancouver, a, c.
Offlee Houre:     I a.m. te S p.m.
10 a.m. to 12 a.m. Sundays and
Call at Head Offlee er Telephone
Seymour IBM
United Mine Workers, No.  2284—M.
Western Federation of Miners, No. 71
—Jaa. Roberts. .
United Mine Workers, No, 2115—A.
Jordan, Box 410. ... M   .,
United Mine Workers, No. 171, South
Wellington—Thomaa Hanoi, Box 141,
Amalgamated Bociety of Carpenters
and Joiners—Box 101.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 624—
O.' H, Hardy, Box 177,  . „     ■,
Western Federation of Miners, No, II
—Frank Phillips, Box 101.
No. I
Brotherhood' of Carpenters—J. O'Brl-
""Lonashoremen—F. Aldrlda«.,Box.581.
Typographical Union, No. 418—H. «.
PottS, Box 641.
Western Federation of Miners
—D. A. Vlmaux, Box 864,
Blacksmiths, NO. 407^Jas. M, Oobls,
""fiaohinists, No. 884—Robt Walkden.
P.O. Box 284.
Western Federation of Miners, No. 88
—W. A. Mowlds, Box 87.
Western Fsderatlo not Miners, No, 88
—Herbert Varcoe, Box 421,
Western Federation or Miners, No. It
-A, Shilland, Box K.
Western Federation of Miners, No. 62
—Kenny Mclnnes, Box 86, <.
Slew (My.
Western Federation of Miners, No. 18
—D. B. O'Neail, Box 10.
Sooth Wellington.
United Mine Workers,   No,   872—Hy
O'Connel. .
Wester nFederstlon of Miners, No. 106
—Frank Campbell, Box II,
Tea Anls.
Western Federation of Miners, No. 118
—Harry McGregor-
. * Teiaoii.
,hlcal Union, No, 641—W. 3.
rs, No, 106
Ceme end be a member of this
Csnadlsn Nstlensl Hospital As-
seclstlen and help thie thriving
enterprlss to grew.
The kind of protection tbe
Canadian National Hospital Association gives you is to your
own Interest. The following Is
an outline of what we do for our
memben tn case of sicknesses- .
eldent or death for 11.00 per
1„. Choice of uy ot our physicians and any hospital tn Van-
couver.  Also home treatment.
I. Free medical attendance,
advice and medtolne at any hour
of the day or night.
S, Free consultation with optician and a reduced charge for
any gluaes needed,
4, Free examination  of the '
teeth by a qualified dental surgeon and a very substantial reduction on the usual charge for
work done.
5, Provisions sre provided
free ot charge to families, from
15 to (10 per we.ek, when husband Is unable to work through
I. Free legal advice at lay
time. y
. 7. 1100 death benefit In case
of death tp members.
8. Maternity cases will be
treated by our physlclsns and a
big reduction made ln charges
for doctors and hospital.
I: Our chief object In caring
for the sick members Is to cure
them as soon ss possible, and
to mske the cure permanent,
We promote health among) our
10. Blectric, galvanic and vibratory treatment Is also frse to
II. Transfers issued to any'
part ot Canada or tbe TJalted
States. /
12. Single rates, 11.00 per
monthi family rates, (1.50 per
13. Our servicer are prompt
and faithful, day and night.
14. There is no entrance fee. omciAi ram VAKcoora
FIFTH YEAR, Na. 127.
When in Doubt Buy
VsrSal* kg
not only abe
they canadian
But they are
union made, and
no- union man
should wear
other kind.
lbs faot that thsy
us union mads
prows thst they an
wall made, and tha
name "Peabody" is
yonr quality guarantee.
COMPARE THZM-Note Oa lit, yardage, number
of pockets, finish, eto. There'i ho other overall that
oan hold a candle with them for good values.
LOOK AT TBE JAOKETS-Thejr sre equally
good. Note the gauntlet ouffi, and the uniform band
collar, and then you'll Be satisfied there's only one
good jacket, and that's the one made by Peabody.
Hudson's Bay Stores
Dominion Hotel
v—-foaia, a. a
—daifed aad aemolellea
Comfort   without   Extravagance
America! Vlaa • MM Vp
—iropsan Flaa . HM Vp
i—nn jrona, waaamamtem
Hotel Driard
1026 Pender Street Weat
90 Rooms.. Hot and Cold
Water.   Telephone Service
S Minutes from Poatofflee
Mrs. HcKensie, Mgr.
Steam Heated—Phone In Every
Room—Elevator   Services;   Bath
and Shower Baths on all Floors.
120  ROOMS:   50   ROOMS  WITH
laMpsaa Mas, HM Ms Bay. vp.
Up-to-Date    Firat-Claaa    Dining
Room and Cafe In Connection
na rra—wM aw. w.   .
whiti a PASSoum
Makers of Fins,
"Use las to aad_from .
Ileotrlo aievator
Hotel Irving
Oorasr Colombia Aveaas aad
ana—tgs at
Sot aad Oold Water aad Telephone
la avarr Meant
Booms with aame, aiagla or
an Salts
Rates   11.60   per   Day   and   Up.
American and European Plans.
Telephone Sejmour lass
The Pender Hotel
New, Modern, Firat-Claaa
Steam Heated, Electric Lighted
sis raasaa araaar waax
See that this Label ia Sewed
in the Pockets
It stands for all that Union
Labor Standi for.
Royal Standard Flour
We have a kitchen where we test ROYAL STANDARD
by baking bread, just aa you test it. If it bakes perfect
bread ior us, it will for you, because our testa are very
exacting. ROYAL STANDARD absorbs an abnormal lot
of water—it is an economical Dour—you get more loaves
per sack, Many other reasons for using thia flour will
be found in your first sack. Try it to-day—your grocer
has it.
Vancouver Milling & Grain Co., Ltd.
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
with the LABEL on it
Cowan & Brookhouse
Mtn Tempi.     Mrae Ssr. WO
Inroads Being Made By Gigantic
Bread Trait Makers' Organisation Imperative.
Editor Bakers' Journal.
It is quite remarkable that there
still exist workers outside and within
our movement to whom the necessity
ot UNITED action must be demonstrated. Day after day the cold facts
of "our every-day life preach the gospel of solidarity. All over and ever
and ever the fact presents Itself to the
eyes of those that want to see that
la our preeent economic life the Individual amounts to less than a stalk
of atraw In a heavy storm. Whoever
wants to assert himself, whoever
would.like to realise hie.desires, whoever wants to enforce hts demands
MUST ally himself with people of
like Interests, with people of like
needs and With people of like desires. This is logical and tt Is generally accepted as a necessity. Everywhere we see groups of people nf
identical Interests springing into life.
The doctors, the teachers, the minis-
ten, and manufacturers, the farmers,
the merchants, the landlords, they all
come together and form association?
for the purpose of Jointly expressing
their desires, for the purpose of jointly fighting for their interests. All ere
UNITED, cherishing that one expectation that in tile way they can much
sooner accomplish their objects and
alma and that by UNITED ACTION
their task will be better and mor«
speedily solved. All recognise th*
truth of the saying that ONLY IN
tt Is useless to again attempt tn
prove that the workers under our present economic "order" of things are.
as Individuals, most Incapable of en-
forcing their desires and demands
There Is only the choice to either
struggle along without any desires
and to be satisfied with their fate as
subjected wage slaves, or, to fight
UNITEDLY with their fellow-workers
for a little more Joy and happiness In
their lives.
A flght carried on INDIVIDUALLY,
a flght of MEN AOAIN8T MEN has
become a futile undertaking In our age
of capitalism.
In their economic power the employers sre so much superior to the
workers that the attempt of the INDIVIDUAL for an Improvement of his
conditions must necesaiily be a failure. But the moment the workers be-
gin tn assert their rights not Individually but UNITED, nnt each one
for himself BUT ALL POR ONE. then
they Immediately become a POWER
which Is Irrepressible, invincible, and
by which they will be able to overcome all obstacles.
Realising these facts the bakery
workers many years ago united themselves In their organisation. In the
course of a quarter of a century, and
more, they have succeeded lir building up an organisation whose main object is the Improvement of the working
and living conditions of Its members.
In their UNITED action the bakery
workers have been successful snd the
success achieved Is so great and so
apparent that ten years ago the
friends of our movement did not dare
hope for such success, and even the
enemies of our movement never feared that such a thing could happen.
What our organisation has been
striving for and what is has accomplished hss become a matter of record
during the past Quarter of a century
of Its existence, As long as we were
confronted in our past battles only
by small employers, unorganised and
single-handed aa they stood, nothing
could be done against our organisation
and all attempts to destroy the same,
no matter how carefully they were
planned, were frustrated owing to the
UNITED stand taken by the thousands of organised bakery workers.
Today, as conditions have changed,
as the small employers are busily engaged defending themselves and maintaining their existence that Is seriously threatened by huge comblnv
tlons of capital; today, the same combinations .of capital are threatening
our own International union with destruction everywhere. A stubborn
light Is being carried on which
spreads from one city to the other
with the same speed, as the Bread
Trust extende Its activity from one
activity to another.
Bakery workers of Vancouver, wake
up! You also will soon be confronted
by this light Rally to the support of
Bowser as an autocrat has taken a
great stand,
He has sent us Tin Soldiers the same
as on the. Rand.
To shoot down the miners his intentions were no doubt,
But the miners wUl repay him when
the election comes about.
His half-clad barbarians that are running around today
Should all be Imprisoned for their Immoral ways;
Soldiers without trousers are disgraceful to be seen,
Who came from Vancouver without;
covering their knees.
Their plg-squeallng Instruments would
awaken the dead.
Tbey remind us of a bladder which re-[
sembiee Bowser's head,
Being blown np by capitalists, whose
Interests he represents,
But his dregs of humanity and his
actions we resent.
lut Bowser and his party have sounded their death knell
By their actions in this struggle, which
the miners fought so well.
The presence of the.soldlers, our Ire
as arose
To butcher and shoot the miners when
for them there was no cause.
We, will see at the next election that
they are overthrown,
As for reforms 'and platitudes, they
are overgrown.
The workers are more Intelligent, by
the soldiers coming In,
So make room for socialists, as they
will surely win.
Canada for Canadians has long been
the shouts
Of Dicky and Old Bowser and other
old dlshctouts;
But Canada for Canadians will never
come about
Until the pimps of capitalism by the
workers are put out.
Sing a song of "Welfare,"
A pocket full oi tricks
To soothe the weary worker
When he, groans or kicks.
If he asks for shorter hours
Or for better pay,
Little stunts of "Welfare"
Turn his thoughts away.
Sing a song of "Welfare,"
Sound tbe horn and drum,
Anything to keep the mind
Fixed on Kingdom Come.
"Welfare" loots your pocket
While you dream and sing,
"Welfare" to your pay check
Doesn't do a thing. '
Sing a song of "Welfare,"
Forty 'leven kinds,
Elevate your morals,
Cultivate your minds.
Kindergartens, nurses,
Bathtubs, books, and flowers,
Anything but better pay
Or shorter working hours.
—Will Herford ln The, Masses.
The Meeesgs
We will speak out, we will be heard,
Though all earth's systems crack;
Wo will not bate a single word,
Nor take a letter hack.
We speak the Truth, and what oare we
For hissing and for acorn,
While some faint gloamings we oan Bee
Of Freedom's coming morn.
Let liars fear, let cowards shrink,
Let traitors turn away;  -
Whatever we havs dared to think
That dare we also say.
—James Russell Lowell,
Me no like for scabby,
Me good Union-man,
Me no like for break the strike,
Me Federation man.
They need to be militia,
Or National Guard,
Now they are aides to thug strikebreakers,
The scabblea' little Psrds.
—"One on tbe Inside,"
Not the Kind She Wanted.
"Which way, please, to the corset department?" she asked of the floorwalker.
"Straight back, madam."
"No, not straight back," was the reply; "I want a straight front."
Rayformers, Hinnlssy, la ln favor Iv
suppressin' lverythlng, but rale politicians believes In suppressin' nawthln'
but lvldence,—Mr. Dooly.
s. d. p. of (
TO 5
Asks Thst Bag
eminent to n
The following*
tlon was endoraj,*
Social Democrat
last Tuesday et
"Pacts  relatl^1
strike and 'riofe
ago two mine
missed and Mar
mining corporatl
performed their
of Sfltlsh Colun
tect the lives of =
Extension and u
put the companl
pense.   The loci
ed Mine Workei
test againat thla
called a twenty-f-
was generally <
pany retaliated k
to employ any tl
promise to sever
the United Min
lockout still con
"A sympathet.fl
May 7th in Nana
ropean strlke-bre
with the usual H
ion of the strikj
flagrantly partizs
of the law, and a"
to the authority
the miners orgail
took the law Into
compelled the su
town. The provln
rushed ln over ■
with gatling gun
clal police.  Then
cue hundred and
ious charges, 'un:
tlmidatlon,' 'riot.1
fused ball and an
their families or
\ •»
"Troubles of th
so long as public
coal mines, are r
corporations.   Pi
the powers grants
tlons are not toH
people, and that
times retain am
the government,■*>
any privileges tl
the /public good, -
nies cannot coma]
men,'the people™
can compel the _
to exercise theli?
domain' and tak!
coal mines and at
benefit of tbe pub
"During the pr<
and strike attem
by the miners to
government to re
and the matters
out success.   It
sonnble that mil
subjects and whi
the oppression of [
should ask our t
tlgate their com'
quests went unhej
ment that Is noi
brute force at ai
to the tax-payers,
corporations.   Th
force confirms tht
ers that   the pr
have   prostituted
hands  with  lawli
order to crush thi
to this date none
arrest have been
are treated like ci
'Whom the gods .
first make mad' al
ctal madness are k
"As It Is quite e
use of the mllitai-
is to break strike
corporations to r
therefore stronglj
citlsen to dlscou
militarism, ln ever)
Bible occasion. Wi
tors to use their p
elect a governme^
represent the peai
Ing men who are
lltlcal tools of heap
your union, strengthen and fortify lt
against all attempts of destruction
that are sure to come. Present to
your opponents a united front, for
that's the only way to conquer them.
Fear not the tyranr*
Or the priests of th
They  Btand  on  I
, mighty river
Whose waves the;
It Is fed from thi
sand dells,   _
Around them It to
And their swords ft
floating see,
Like wrecks on th
PRIDAT.f:....-.8|IPTBMBBR 12, IM*
ufacture   every   kind
shoe,   and   specialize
for   miner*,    railroad
■ion,  logging, eto.
OUVEI,    B.   C.
Ovarklla, blue,
>llaax> Hat on Earth"
rnit of a
Et Plant?
*T__m paid by tbe latter
mb and _-ta.t»or Council.
t into the treMury.
atlonist hu paid it*
___ the start.
company needs now is
:m own; one that will
tor aa. daily newepapor
urpose   the   sum   of  at
would   be   required.
ny   atlll   ha*   ».»»S  uo-
o_tr_m     of    the    province
tt     to     purchase    theae,
on 4 m t   can   be made   a
paper. When      it
to     make     .The    Fed.   a
more   money  is  need-
l1 ization    could   be   In-
er ot The Fed. thinks
of-  the   province   are
_-__ a. move. TPhe col-
Ped. are open for a
time   subject.
icouver, B.C.
Tuesday, Sept. 2, 1913.'
To All  Labor Unlona In the Province
of  British Columbia.
Fellow Workers:—For the past"
eleven months a lockout has been in
existence at the mines ln Ladysmlth
and Cumberland. On May 1st the
miners of Nanalmo and South Wellington went on strike to support their
fellow-workers and also to secure better working conditions for themselveB.
The Provincial Government wals requested by the Federation last January tb attempt to bring about a settlement between the operators and the
Instead of so doing the district was
flooded with special police who have
acted as scabherdcrs and generally
harassed the strikers.
In spite of this the operators were
unable to break the atrlke and as a
last resort the militia were called Into
use. In order that thoae most active
on behalf of the miners might be
either hounded out of the district, or
put In prison.
Over one hundred and sixty minen
bave been thrown Into Jail on the most
frivolous charges. One ot the officers
of the Federation, Vlce-prealdent J. J.
Taylor, Is among those, ln jail.
The Nanaimo representative of the
workers ln the legislature haa been
committed for trial on a fake charge
of felony, the intention being to deprive the workers of Nanaimo of a
representative  ln  the  legislature.
It should be borne in mind that the
only two working claaa representatives ln the local house are those
elected by the miners now on strike,
and that the main cause of the present strike was the non-enforcement
of the Coal Mines Regulation Act, In
lta entirety.
W* are convinced that thla la an or
ganized 'effort' on tha part of the provincial^ government to stsmp out thla
working olass representation on the
Island, In the hope ef killing the
growth of the workers political movement, and to prevent them from keeping In existence an industrial organization.
The Federation was formed for the
purpose of protecting aa far,as possible the. Interests of its membership.
The ooal miners on Vancouver Island are afflliated with the Federation
and for several weeks a number of
members and officers of organized labor have been urging the officers of
the Federation to call a general atrlke
as a protest against these methods
that are being used by the provincial
government ln an attempt to break
the miners' atrlke.
However, each organization when
it affiliates with the Federation reserves the right to govern itself In Its
own affairs.
Therefore aa each union haa local
autonomy the. Executive Board of tbe
Federation has not the power to call
a general strike, moreover lt has not
the funds to carry on an extended
We are also aware that a number of
the organizations have agreements
with their employers covering a period
of yeara.
Despite these, conditions, adverse to
a general protest of organized labor
against the endeavors of the government to intimidate our fellow-workers on Vancouver Island, we believe
that the membership of the Federation have the right to express their
approval or disapproval of the proposal, to call for a general strike of
short duration, by thfe. .workers of
British Columbia.
If you are willing to lay cown your
tools and leave your employment for
■ period of forty-sight houra, In order
to make the moat emphatic protest
possible against the sctiona of the
government, you will vote "YE8," if,
however, you approve of tha use of
the militia In an attempt to defeat
tha workers you will vote "NO." The
officers of the Federation have no
power save that granted by the support of the membership.
No one can save or protect the
working-class but the memoera of that
Wa request thst special meetinga be
called to deal with this question at
the earliest possible date.   After the
We are Printers
9J We realize that making
our work efficient makes
aaore woik (or us. When
you want printing that pays,
phone us, our representative will call
Mall Orders Promptly Riled
Phone Seymour 824
Phone Seymour 7888 Day or Nit—
810 Richards Street      Vaaeenvar. BaC.
runaaiu   x>ntaoroas  axd
Vancouver—Office . and Chapel,
1084 Oranvllle St. Phone Sey.'348(1.
North Vancouver—Offlce and
chapel, 118 Second St B. Phone
The Scab! What: is he? Why do
working men hate the word and the
thing for which it stands? Why Is It
the most opprobrious epithet that one
X8™;g man csn address to another?
why Is Ub use confined to working
The scab is a product of the strike.
The strike Is an Industrial war waged
between employer and employees. A
war In which the worker must keep
the peace, while the employer uses
clubs' ,and guns.' Then there comes
upon the scene tha miserable creatures
who Uke the jobs other men left, who
would work longer hours than they
want to work,- for lower wages than
they will accept, attempting to drive
the strikers back" to work, to Intolerable conditions, destroying their organisation, and with their organization
the hope of better days, says a W. P.
of M. Bulletin.
No other word In the language expresses so much hate, contempt and
loathing at does that single word,
SCAB. It means a traitor to the working class. When you know what Judas
waa to Christ, when you know what
Benedict Arnold was to the American
people ln their war for Independence,
then you know what a scab Is to the
workers In their efforts to Improve
It Is on the plea that some want to
go to work that they bring ln the soldiers. The soldier Is used, not chiefly
to protect the scab, but to Intimidate
the worker. The scab Is usually a
combination of a knave and a coward.
He cares for no one but himself, and
when the strike Is lost or won, there
Is no one that has less use for him
than does his employer. lte knows
that a man that will not be true to his
fellows cannot be trusted anywhere.
And hla fellows, wherever they see
him, whether In the district ln which
the Btrike, took piece or thousands of
miles away, point him out to other
workers as a scab.
If the strike was broken, then he
was one of the causes of defeat. If
the strike was won, he prolonged lt
and increased the Buffering and hardships which the workers had to endure before securing a satisfactory
It Is said sometimes that capital
oan defeat labor. That Is untrue. Labor has won many victories. It was
never defeated by capital, but by
other workers, whom we call scabs,
they were responsible for the defeat
The managers, superintendents and
foremen of the mines never succeeded
ln operating the mines and.In breaking a atrlke. The strike Is never broken until the actual workers go to
work. Sometimes scabs are brought
In from tbe outside, not usually to
work, but simply to keep up the show
to discourage other men.
The worst snd most dangerous scab
Is the fellow who goes back on the Job
his companion left. Sometimes he le
paid more for it than the workers demand. -That Increased pay stops as
soon as the strike is broken, and he is
usually fired at the'first opportunity.
If he remains, he,receives the con-
'empt not only of his former associates, but of every new arrival, for hla
treason Is on every one's lips. If
working men were all wilted strikes
would be of short duration, The employer would realise that he would
have to make terms with his employees. ■-.■>. ■-..
There are few, very few would-be
scabs ln this district, they are prolonging the. strike. A rood many of
them are old men afraid they could
not get a Job elsewhere, terrified Into
accepting the employers terms. A
few boys, unacquainted wltb the
world, not realizing the crime they arc
committing aglnst themselves and
every other worker who must toll for
his living. Just a few genuine scabs
a strange compound of cowardice, Ignorance and servility. No one ln the
world can afford to sqab.
No one can afford to help beat
working men hack when tbey are
striving to advance. Progress means
the advance of the worker. To pro
gross, the day's work must be short
enough that he has' the energy to
study and converse with bis fellow*
after the day's work is done. He
must have means sufficient to provide
tbe comforts of life for himself aiid
his family, and the hope of steadily
Improving his conditions. He must
live ln an atmosphere where a man
can say what he thinks without Inslmr
his job. That .is the most odious
form of tyranny, and' one, which the
employer Is constantly exercising
among unorganized men.
When labor wins a victory conditions are Improved In that particular
district, and the effect Is felt through
the country. When labor loses a
light conditions become worse, and
workers discouraged. Tbe shorter
hours, the better pay, the higher the
standard of civilization in that community, the brighter the hopes of the
members of that community. Hen
ire more honorable end women are
more virtuous. Many a-man becomes
* dead-beat, not because he wishes to
he one, but because his wages will not
meet his necessary living expenses
Many a women takes the downward
nath because her wages will not support her.
The Bcah helns to mske the thief
ond the prostitute. It Is not strange
that we regard -him with contomnt
and loathing. Tbe nnly stinm-p thing
Ib that guns snd billies and Jolts ore
used to help him and to defeat the
Were half the power that fills the
.   world with terror,
Were half the wealth bestowed on
camps and courts
Olven to redeem the human mind from
There were no need for arsenals or
The Warrior's name would he a name
And every nation that should lift again
Its hand against a brother's, on Its
Would wear forevermore the brand of
Diseases df Men
We Issue a written guarantee
that ZIT will cure gonorrhoea,
gleet and allied diseases or
your money back.
Differs from all other remedies.
No bottles to carry. Cannot
cause  stricture.
Price   $3.0Q,   Post  Paid.
132   Cordova  St.   W.
Vancouver,  B.   0,
The labor agitator's Job Is about the
moBt thankless Job going. Not only Is
he generally vilified by employers and
the Indifferent public wblch understands nothing about unions, but those
for whom he works rarely say "thank
you" for his most zealous efforts, observes the Industrial Banner.
A lahor man who has given many
years of service says that the chief
reason why union labor does hot accomplish more Is distrust In the first
place, workers are slow to organise
because they distrust one another's
motives. Wjhen they do organise they
elect officers and distrust them. They
appoint committees and are suspicious
of them. They require a business
agent and select the man ln whom
they have the most confidence, but as
Boon as they have taken him from the
bench and made him their paid servant, tbey begin to watch him, and
attribute outrageous corruption to him.
Instead of backing up hts efforts,
Jealousy and suspicion begin to pull
hlmi down. He may work sixteen
hours a day and all day Sunday, and
they will talk about his "soft snap."
What the workers need ts more faith
ln each other. Reasonable care should
be taken to secure the ablest members
for the most responsible positions, but
after that the officials ought to have
the confidence and support of those
who elected them.
Allied "Oessn Roll."
The first basket picnic, or "Allied
Ocean Roll," as lt was called, under
the auspices of the Allied Printing
Trades council of Vancouver was held
on the fair grounds at Ganges Harbor, aSlt Spring Islapd, on Labor day.
The sail was delightful, both going
knd coming. There were about 250 In
the party, and the weather was
favorable for the occasion. The pro-
gramme of sports contained 18 Items,
ln addition to which there was dancing
In Mahon hall, Brassflleld's orchestra
providing excellent music. On the return trip on the Bteamer Princess
Royal two, silver trophies were presented to the winners of the tug-of-
war and th* one-mile relay race, won
by teams picked from. the Photo-
engravers. Harry Neelands and
Oeorge Bartley made the presentation
speeches, which were responded toby
R. R. Lepage and M. Payne.
The "Allied Ocean Roll," a human-
ous paper of eight small pages, was
published for the occasion, to the delight of the picnickers. Roy Fleming
wns the editor.
Great credit is due the committee
who so ably arranged for the day's
successful outing. They were: Roy
"lemlng (chairman), George Mowat,
C. W. Paine, A. S. Radey, H. R..Le-
nage, J. Bushman, R. H. Neelands, B.
Kiso, J. Monro. The Judges of the
snorts were. A. B. Robb, H. Draper,
B. R. Lepage, C. Bayley, F. Milne.
Brandon T. A L, Opposes Militarism
That the Brandon Trades and Labor
Council has strong views on the question of militarism In Canada may he
gathered by the following resolution
unanimously passed on Aug. 28, and
which will be brought before the
forthcoming Trades Congress at Montreal:
"In view of the recent events In
Vancouver Island, where the militia
were usqd to coerce the workers Into
submitting to the' conditions Imposed
upon them by the mlneowners, this
council resolves that lt Ib entirely opposed to militarism, and It requests
the Trades Congress, at Its convention
tn Montreal, to place Itself on record
ss being opposed to union men Joining
the militia, and that It approves the
action of certain International unions
that forbtdfl membership to members
of the militia."
As Jim Grler Sess It.
There is war on Vancouver Island
between Bill McKensle and the coal
miners. The mllltla and regulars have
been called out. It Is time the government took charge of the coal mines
of the province. They have been the
cause of more disturbances thsn all
the other Industries combined! While
an exorbitant price is charged for
coal, the managers are continually at
war with their men. They employ
Orientals, contrary to law. ln the
mines. They Import the cheanest,
lowest and most Ignorant of Europeans to take the piece of British
miners. They do everything possible
to Incite men to violence, and then
call on the mllltla to murder the men
who ask for living wages and decent
treatment.—Slocan Record (Conservative).
vote has been taken local secretaries
will please fill out the attached form
and forward at once td P. 0. -Box
1044, Vancouver.
If the Federation Is to endeavor to
perform the function for which lt was
intended, NOW Is the time to act.
Tours fraternally,
G. A. BURNES, Victoria.
J. CUTHBERTSON, Greenwood.
J. FERRIS, South Vancouver.
J. W. GRAY, Fernle.
J. KAVANAGH, Vancouver.
J. J. TAYLOR, LadyBmlth.      "
A. WATCHMAN, Vlctorfa. '
Berry Bros.
Agents for
The Bicycle with the Reputation
Full   line   of   accessories
Repairs promptly executed
Phone Seymour 7503
Klectrlc, Magnetic and Vapor
Vlbatory and New Life Treatment
New Life and Energy put In    .
worn-out bodies,
VUaphoM Valr. MS0
son *r Ayronmawt
Hoars from 10:30 to 8 p.m.
Late of London.
" -M.—?-".
caih msarrap nn 11.00 a month
■moa inonss •
Paste In your hat for reference.
Aak for labor Temple' —umt aaakaafe,
Boymoar 74SS.
Amalgamated Society Carpenters—Room
-309; John A. Key.      .
Bartenders—Room 208:Oeo, w, Curnook.
B. c. Federatlonist—Bibm tit; R. p.
■ Pettlplece.
Bv9\'*'eten#Su ot Labor—Room 208;
Victor R. Mldaley.
Brotherhood of Carpenters—Room -204.
Mid SOB; Oeo. W. Williams.
Brlokiayers—Room 211; Wm. 8. Das-
■ nail.
Bakers—Room 220.
Barbers—Room 208; C. F. Burkhart.
Hod Carriers, Builders and Common Laborers—Room 220; John Sully.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Room 208; I
•OT. B. Walker; Tal. Haymow 8414.
Electrical    Workera     (outside)—Room
L.,207; W. F. Dunn.
Electrical Worken (Inside)—Room 202;
• P.L. Estinghausen, Seymour 2948.
Engineers (Steam)—Room 218; Ed.
Labor Temple Co.—Room 111; 3. H.
Longshoremen's Association — Offlce,
148 Alexander strset; Tel. Seymour
Moving Picture Operators—0. R. Hamilton. Room 100, Loo Bldg. -Tel. Sey.
Musicians — P." Howltt, 840 Robson
street; Seymour 7818.
Decorators', .Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President, J. B.
Phillips; flnanclal secretary, J, Freckelton, 811 Seymour st; recording aeeretary, Oeorge Powell, 1560 Fourth Ave*
W.; business agent, W. 3. NagleTRoom
808, Labor Temple,
. ers' Union, No. .88, of Vancouver
and Victoria—wests second Wednesday
of eaoh month, 4 p.m., Labor Temple.
.President, Chas. Bayley; recording seoretary, ohrls Horaewood, 24> 18th Ave.
Painters—Room 80S; W, J. Nagle.
Plasterers—Joe    Hampton;    Tel.
mour 1614.
Plumbers—Room Hi; Melvln   Engolf;
Tel. Seymour 3811.
Street Railway Employees—H. Schofleld;
phone Fairmont 988.
Trades and Labor Council—Room 210:
J. W. Wilkinson.
Typographical—Rooms  212,    218,    214;
Western   Federation   of  Miners—Room
217: R. P. Pettlplece.
Meets In annual convention In January. Eiecutive o,„cers, 1918-14: President, Christian Siverts; vice-presidents,
J. Kavanagh. J. Ferris, A, Watchman, O.
A, Burnes. J. W. Oray, Jas. Cuthbertson,
J J. Taylor; sec-treas., V. R. Mldgley.
Box 1044,'Vancouver.
Meets flrst and third Thursdays.
Executive board: H. C. Benson, president; Jas. H. MoVety, vice-president; J.
W. Wilkinson, general secretary, Room
210 Lahor Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer; Miss Busbane, statistician; V. R.
Mldgley. sergeant-at-arms; R. P. Pettlplece, J. H. Burroughs and H. McEwen,
Ladies' Hair Dressing and Shampooing
Hair Work Done In all Its
Branches. Theatrical Wigs for
hire and for sale. Electrical Face
and Scalp Treatment. Switches,
Pompadours, etc,
Successor to
Phone 1176
Victoria, B. C.
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. w. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan, .Murdoch McKensle, F, Blumberg, H. H. Free. Managing director. J. H. McVety, Room 211.
Sey. 6360.
ALLIED PRINTING   TRADEB   COUNCIL—Meets 2nd Monday In month;
President, Geo. Mowat; aeoretary, F. R.
Fleming, P.O. Box 66.
penters and Jolnera—Room 209.
Sey. 2998. Business agent. J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9'a.m, aad 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary . of management, oommlttee,
Jas. Bltcon, 873 Hornby street. Branches
meet every Tuesday- and Wednesday In
Room- 802.
and Joiners, Local No. 617—Meeta
Monday of each week, 8 p.m. Executive
committee meeta every Friday, 8 p.m.
President, Ed. Meek; recording secretary, Thos. Lindsay, 306 Labor Temple; flnanclal aeeretary, Q. W. Williams,
306 Labor Temple; treasurer, L. W. De-
Slet, 806 Labor Temple. Phons Bey. 1360.
tloners' Local No. 48—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. Pres-
,.t _ Ident, A. M. MacCurrah;
_f corresponding secreUry, W
So) > Rogers; Business Agent 1.
Black, Room 220,"Labor' Temple. Tel.
Sey. 8129.
second and. fourth Thursdays, 8:80
p.m. President, Sam. T. Hamilton; recorder, Oeo. w. Isaacs; secretary-business agent, C. F. Burkhart Room 208,
Labor Temple. Hours: li to 1; 5 to 7
p.m. .((ey. 1776.
flee Room 208 Labor Temple. Meeta
first Sunday of each month. President
Wm. Laurie; flnanclal secretary, Gap. W.
Curnock, Room 308, Labor Temple Phone
Seymour 1764. -
Union.—Meets flrst Friday In each
month, 8:30 p.m., Labor Temple W. E.
Walker, business representative. Ofllce:
Room 203, Labor Temple. Hours: 9 a.m.
to 10:80; 1 p.m. to 2:30 and 6 p.m. to 6:83
p.m. Competent help furnished on short
notice.   Phone Sey. 3414.     ■
WORKERS' International Unloa,
Local 97—Meets second and fourth Frl-
lay. Labor Temple, 9 p.m. Presldsnt
I, A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
738 Semlln Drive, phone Say, 689.
—Meets every Tuesday,. 8 p.m„ Room
307. President, James Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Boa
62; flnanolal secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. 8. Dagrall, Room
116.   Sey, JUS.
213.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p.m. President Fred. Fuller: vice-
president O. 8. Phltpot: recording
secretary, Jos. Russell, Labor Temple;
flnanolal secretary, Dan Cummlngs;
treasurer, Oeo: Hessell; business agent
W. F. Dunn, Room 207, Labor Temple.
106—Meets third Tuesday In every
month, In Room 206. Labor Temple.
President, F. J. Milne; vice-president H.
Perry; aeeretary, Oeorge Mowat, ill
Dunlevy avenue
and Iron Ship. Builders and Help*™
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 1T4—
Meets flrst and third Mondaya, 8 n.m
President, F. Barclay, 368 Cordova East;
eecretary, A. Fraaer, 1161 Howe street-
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President Geo. Oerrard; secretary,
Robert J. Craig, Kurta Cigar Factory;
treasurer, 8. W. Johnson.
. British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No, 1—Meets 11:30 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, T. O'Connor, P. O. Box 432,
Vancouver. Loesl secty. snd trees,,
H. W. Withers, P. O. Box 432, Vancouver.
621 (Inside Men)—Meets flrat and
third Mondays of each month. Room 206,
8 p.m. President, H. P. McCoy; record,
ing secretary, Oeo. Albers; treasurer and
business agent F. L.< Estinghausen,
Room 802.   Sey. 2348.
ASSOCIATION, No. 88 x 62—Meeta
every Friday evening, 146 Alexander St.
Presldsnt, P. Peel; seoretary, Thos.
NORTH AMERICA.—Vsncouver and
Trinity ..Branch meets 1st and 3rd Fridays at Labor Temple, Dunsmuir and
Homer St., room 206. Robert C. Samp
son, Pres., 747 Dunlevy ave.: Joseph L.
Lyon, Fin. Sec, 1721 Grant at; Tom
Smith, Rec. Sec,  948  Broadway west
ond snd fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m
President, Chas. Mattlnion; recording
secretary. J. Brookes; financial secretary.
■T. H. McVety.   Bey, i860,
MOVING PICTURE OPERATORS. Local 238, I.A.T.S.E.—Meets svery second Sunday of each month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J. H. Fletcher;
secretary-treasurer. A, O, Hansen; business agent, O. fi., Hamilton. Offlce:
Room 100, Loo Bldg.   Tel, Sey. 304f
Empwyees, Pioneer Division' No, 101
—Mssts: Labor Temple, second an*,
fourth Wednesdaya at 2 p.m„ and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. Preildent,
H. Schpfleld, phone Fairmont 988; recording seoretary, Albert V. Lofting, 2686
Trunlty Street phone Highland 1672:
flnanclal secretary, Fred A. Hoover, 2408
Clark drive.
„, **■ JiK*' M7-Seets flrst and third
Wednesday, 8 n.m.; Room 204, Labor
Temple. Flnanolal secretary, B. Prendergut Room 216.
.."WON OF AMERICA..Local No. 178
-Meetings held flrst Tuesday ln each
month, Cam. Preeldent. J. T. Ellsworth; recording and corresponding sscretary, C. MacDonald, Labor Temple;
flnanclal secretary, L. Wakely, p. o. Box
cal No. 68—Meets flrst'end third
Wednesdays esch month, 8 p.m. Piwl-
4»oi,3iKa?anea1i-, aeeretary, A. Jamle-
son, 64 Fifth Ave. East
Meets last Sundey each month, 3
p.m. President A. B. Robb; vice-president A. H. England; seoretery-treaaurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O, Boi 66.
a. o.
Labor Counoll—Meets every second
and fourth Wedneaday at 8 p.m., In,
Labor Hall, president D, S. C&meron:
flnanolal secretary, H. Glbb; general
secretary. B. D. Grant, P. O. Box 384.
The public Is Invited to attend,
      ,„„ Royal
Ave. and Seventh St, it I an. President J. L. Hogg, Hankey Blk., Bappsr-
ton; Secretary, A. McDonald, 881 Royal
Ave,, New Westminster,
- ?!' ™*.,J~u".,ta wry second and
fourth Friday of month in Labor Hall,
7:80 p.m. President D. Webster; seoretary, A. McLaren, >.o. Box Oil, Nsw
Westminster, B. O.
penters, Local Union Na U88—
Meets every Mondey, 3 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
strset President M. c. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, Nsw
Westminster. B. C.
Labor Temple, New Westminster, cor*
ner Seventh street and Royal avenue,
every second Sunday of each month, at
1:30 p. m. President, E; S. Hunt; eecretary, F. W. Jameson. Visiting brothera
Council—Meets flrst and third Wednesday, Labor Hall, 781 Johnson street .
at 8 p.m.   Preeldent A Watchman, sec-'
retary, L. tt Norrle, Labor Hall, Vic \
turla, B.C. 1
and Joiners—Meeta every Tuesday,
8 p.m.. at Labor hall, 731 Johnston St
President J. E. Bryan; recording secretary, Oeo. L. Dykeman; business agent
and flnanclal secretary, W, A. Parkin-
son. Box 286.      ..
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets Sunday evenings, ln Union Hall.
President W. Fleming; secretary-treasurer, M  P| Vllleoeuve, Klmberley, B.C.
,., JN'V8'l. V- * ."■- "' A-Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. Preildent Sam .Outhrle; secretary, Duncss
McKensle, Ladysm'.th, B. C.
—Meeta every. Monday at 7:30 p.m. in
the Athletic Club, Chapel atreet Arthur
Jordan, Box 410, Nafllamo, B, C.    .
3299, U. M. W. of A.—Meeta every
Sunday 7 p.im, ln U. M. W. of A. halt
President Jos. Naylor; secretary, Jamea
Bmlth, Box 84, Cumberland; B. C.
Union, No. lOi, W. F, of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:30 p,m.    Presldsnt,
F-..™i,p,'.'.laLMV:niP'& Fnot Campbell. Bos 86, Trail, ac.
meetinga In Dominion" Theatre, Oranvllle Street Sunday evenings. Secretary, O. L. Charlton. 8828 Main street
Union No. 413—Meeta last Sunday
In month at Carpenters' HaU. President.. D. MoCorklndale; secretary-treas-
urer, Harry R, Potts, P.O. Box 849.
.!H2£S!3Ef   B    °-'   FBDBRATIOXIBT
SM._NcCmssea A.M.Hirper
McCrossanft Harper
Offices: 32-38 Imp
rial Black
Union, Local No. 141, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street. Presldsnt J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English: secretary, C.
P. Howett; treasurer, W. Fowler,	
Branch—Meets^econd Tuesday, 1:00
p.m. President, J. Marshall: corresponding secretary, Wm. Rowati, Box 1047:
flnanclal secretary. K. McKensle.
Meets flrst and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. President, O. Deans, corresponding eecretary, F. Sumpter; flnanclal secretary, D. Scott: treasurer, I. Tyson; businsss agent, Si R. Still. Phone
Sey. 1614.
■no-ran or ootx, stttama mmav-
. SS*1 .PL"1"* ri«l"s of the Dominion,
In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberto,
the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Ter-
^!.,'£^8..,.'"1 In » portion of the Province
of British Columbia, may be leaaed for
a term of twenty-one years «H an annual
rental of 81 an acre. Not more than
2,000 acres will be leaaed to one applicant. ■
..Application for lease must bo made by
the applicant In person to the Agent or
Sub-Agent of tho district in whloh the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land muat be
described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and In unsurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be
staked by the applicant himself.
.. Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of 86, which will be refunded if
tho rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty ahall be
paid on the merehantable output of the
mine at the rate of Ave cents per ton.
The, person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent-wltli sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of mer-
chantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights
are not being operated, such returns
should be furnlshod at least-fflico a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the
rate of 910 an acre.
For full Information application
should be made to the Seoretary ot the
Department .of .the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent ot Dominion
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. 8.—Unauthorised publication of'
this advertisement will not be paid for,
^&> OF AMERICA   ^r
amaffiAaau___t_____a i   iswajii aawt^aaaaa-inm'm paftii
F       FRIDAY. .....BBPT**ttIBBlR 11, IMS
in pure wool, attractive waavaa, and faahloi—bla _____ Oar
fiocEii -mpl-rta ta avasTgai-tnUar, Waitwa d—criptJon
of a friw of our laa-iig Unai:
»»*"»ff q**-****fl*f "—rrmo-   «»-f*ffH WBTWT *y\~~t_
This comes in very firm weave In'
beautiful shades, of Copenhagen,
New Blue, Tan, Mid Brown, Reseda, Smoke Orey, - Mahogany and
Navy; 60 inches wide;, per yd SLaa
A pure wool material of exceptional worth, stocked In a very
large range, it day aad evening
shades; i» Inchee wide; per yard,
ENGLISH BONCLE SUITING—A »ery amart noTelty sultlna;
comes In Belt color foundation with blaek boncle effect; avte
range of shades to Select (rom; 54 Inches wide; par yard......»1.W
575 Gromlllt Street
Vancouver, A C.
Our Prices
to Be
Less Tban
You Can
for the
United Undertakers, Ltd.
Main Flulara:
225,12th AVENUE WEST
Phone Fairmont 7SS '.,
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
602 Hailingt Street West
"sJ Operates by tha latest, most scientific and painless methods
Specialist ia d»wa, Bridge, Plate aad Gold Inlay Work
Hours 9 si.ixt, to 6 p.m.
Splendid opportunities aV Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry    >
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers
TERMS—Residence on the
land for at least three years; -
Improvements to the extent
cultivation at least five acres
For Further Information Apply lo
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretaiy, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
Strikara Again Confront*- Wifh
Mon-anioroament of "Labor*
Laws and Btrikebreakera.
•The strike of Tailors, Talloresses
and' Pressers, which commenced on
August 9th la still on at the Western
Cloak and Suit Co., MM Homer street.
For some months previous to the
strike there had been a .very general
feellna of dissatisfaction among the
employees with the 54-hour week ayetem In operation.
No douht tile presence of this (eel—g
was recognised by the management
when lt waa deoided te close the shop
at 1 p.m. on Saturday afternoon during
the months of June aad July.
On August 8th a deputation of four
waited upon the bosses to ask for the
8-hour day. The Interview wu of.
three hours' duration, and a second
meeting took. place the following
morning, Shortly after, the deputation had to report their failure to obtain concessions to the group of Western workers waiting to hear the result,
upon the-sidewalk below.    .
The whole body ot 18 men and women decided there and then to remain
out from work and at once marched
to the Ubor Temple, where an enthusiastic meeting was held. ■
In that Informal manner the atrlke
The women had no organisation at
their beck and the men were weakened by holding cards In three different
unions. Under these circumstances
lt would not hare been surprising *t
the strike had collapsed, but fortua-
ately the matter came to the notice ot
Local 178 of the Journeymen Tailors'
union, which had members In the
Ultimately, aa a result of a Joint
meeting, Ma* whole of the strikers
Joined the J. T, U. of A. and art ra
celvlng strika benefits weekly.
Since this action was taken, not one
of the original eighteen strikers have
been induced to return to the West-
The bosses admit that they have
lost hundreds of dollars through the
strike. They have been making desperate efforts to carry out their orders,
with the help of some of the -unemployed who were '"up against It";
Professional scabs from Seattle have
also been welcome. One Strikebreaker
Is now under $500 ball had will have
to show cause why he shall not he
deported under the Immigration Act,
The immigration officers art keeping
a close watch upon the ''line" to prevent strike-breakers evading the act,
and have Just stopped another entering from Portland. '  ,.
Attention Is also being drawn to the
provisions of the Faotory Act, whloh
prohibits the employment of women
more than 48 hottrs per week, unless
a special permission Ib obtained. To
avoid a prosecution the Western hss
now decided to oloae the shop at 1
pm. on Saturday!. This means a 60-
hour week for the. women, with no re
auction lh pay. Thae something has
been, already gained for the women at
The boss, however, Is not prepared
to take hack alt the strikers and gen-
erously suggests that any men taken
back shall make up the four hours lost
on JBaturday by working overtime two
nights a week.
There can he hut one answer to
such a proposal, and future-developments will be watched with interest.
I. f. U. Rep. atoney st Hevelsteks.
Bays the Revelstoke Mall-Heirald:
"Mr. R. A. Stoney, organiser of the
International Typo Union and member
of the Provincial Labor Commisaton,
en route to Port Oeorge, was a caller
at the Mall-Herald office on Friday.
"Mr. Stoney interviewed the union
boye who staff the Mall-Herald news
and Joibblng departments throughout,
and complimented the management
upon the splendid sanitary condition of
the shop, which Ib one ot the healthiest
in British Columbia.
"He said, 'printers are Intelligent
men, therefore their organisation ts ln
good shape, although we would some
of us be better pleased if the pressmen and the hinders were with us In
one organisation; the project, of Industrialising the union by Including
among those eligible tor membership
svery person working for wages tinder
the roof of any printing or publlahlng
house, which would take tn the editor
tal staff, photo men, engravers, etc.,
Is In the air In some quarters, but at
present remains very little else than
a beautiful dream.'
"He was Interested to learn that as
the editor Is a member ot the Canadian
Division of the Institute of Journalists, and the mechanical staff, 'typos,'
staunch and true, the Mall-Herald Ib
a one-hundred per cent union firm." -
Nelson's Minimum Wage Rate,
The Nelson unions, through tbe
Trades and Labor Council, have come
to an agreement with tbe bosses' union, and the common or garden variety
-of labor now gets a fiat rate of 40
centa per hour. While the material
gain to this section of labor Is but trifling, still a basis has been established
to work from, and upon.—Tho Syndicalist,
■ *■ ~.
tlon of Labor, with headquartersat
Everett, Wash., who Is now addressing
h series of meetlms throughout Washington In tht Interests of the Federation.
Csntrsl Lsbor Body.
Every delegate to Vancouver Trades
and Labor Counoll should attend next
meeting, Thursday, September 18. A
number of questions affecting the Interests of wage-workers will be up
for discussion,
Visiting unionists and others are
cheerfully Invited to attend. The
meetings are open to the press.
"Ths Rsd Nspolson"
August Bebel, the German social
democratic leader, was pretty gener*
ally acknowledged to be the most ills-
ttnguished socialist after Karl Man,
His death the other dsy was mourned
by socialists and Unionists all over
the world, not only because of his
greatness as a party leader, but because of hts extraordinary personal
popularity, tt Is Bald, however, that
hts death will not csuse any setback
to the socialist movement ln Germany,
aa the party la well organised and has
able leaden who will carry on the
fight with the usual vigor,
A conference has taken place ln
Verscrus, for the purpose of calling
together a Committee for a Mexican
Trade Unton Congress. The projected congress will, above all, deal with
the question of organising the Mexican proletariat and agrarianism which
has played such an Important role In
tbe civil ware ot the last few years.
Having regard to the crippling effect
that these wars.have on all departments of public activity, the efforts of
the Mexican workers are all the more
j praiseworthy and gratifying,
The Btrike of tailors, taitoresses and
pressers for the 8-fiour day whloh waa
duly noted In previous Issues of. the
Fedwatlonlst Is still In progresB at the
Western Cloak an* ^ Suit Company,
1106 Homer Street
The whole of the workera who ca
out on August Uth Joined Local 178
of the Journeymen Tailors' Union ot
America and since this action was
taken not one of the eighteen has returned to Work at the Western.
There have been many Interesting
and unexpected developments In connection with this strike, which no
doubt will be reported In tha columns
of the Federatlonist
The strike took place owing to the
general feeling of dissatisfaction With
the 54-hour per week/system.
All the men came out and a con
slderable proportion of the women.
But the plckett found that there
was one section whom the boeses could
depend upon for help, vis., the Salvation Army girls.
It was soon realised that these girls
were so entirely under the Influence
of tke Army that further argument
would be a waste of time. So a deputation of Ave went to the Salvation
Army Headquarters. ..
The deputation was courteously received by the newly ^appointed Immigration Officer, who Is evidently a
broad-minded and able man.
He* took down a number of particulars and seemed Impressed by the fact
that the Salvation Army girls would
receive a strike benefit ot $8 weekly
If they came out from the Western
and iained the Union.
He also suggested that tt would be
bad for these girls If the strikers went
back to work without their having
come out-and promised to speak to
them on the subject,
No doubt he found that these views
were not acceptable to other Army
officers, as later he referred the deputation to Major Slmcoe, stating that
the matter was rather out of his line.
. Major Slmcoe said she must have
a talk to the girls herself before the
deputation could have a conference
with them.    ,
Ultimately she declined to advise
them to remain away from work.
This Ib not surprising, as Trade
Unionists are coming to see that not
only must they not expect any assistance from the Army ln tbelr efforts
for bettering the Social condition ot
the mass of the people but they must
recognize thst lt Is a force which must
be reckoned with .as being either secretly or openly hostile to Trade Union
The following quotations from a
book written In appreciation of the
Army by H, Rider Haggard will enable us to realize the extent of this
influence: "Colonel Lamb, the head of
the Salvation Army Emigration Department Informed met that during the
past seven years the Army has emigrated about 50,000 souls, of whom
10,000 were assisted out of its funds,
the rest paying their own way or being
paid for from one source or another.
"From 8,000 to J0.000 people have
been sent during the present year
1910, most of them to Canada, which
is the Mecca of tbe Saivatlon Army
Emigration policy.
"So carefully have all these people
been selected that not 1 per cent have
ever been returned to this country by
the Canadian authorities as undesirable.
"The truth Is that these authorities
have the greatest confidence ln the
discretion of the Army."
Again he writes: "It la evident that
the Salvation Army manages Its emigration work with extraordinary success and business skill.
"That the selection Is sound snd
careful Is ahown also by the fact that
the Army recovers from the emigrants
to whom It gives assistance a consider
able percentage of tha sums advanced."
This Ib a clear admission thst thousands of the young and energetic from
the old country are being dumped
down In Canada without too many
questions being asked by the Government
Imagine the position of some of
these young people who flnd themselves in a strange land without a
friend or relative to assist them and
.   joli; t^^nmtBooM
Central   Labor   Body   Kaepinf
Lookout, tat Violation! of P. 0.
1028 and Win Proaaeate.
Unscrupulous employment agency
sharks In this city got a severe Jolt
last Friday when Magistrate Shaw Imposed a One' of 160 each upon J. H.
Welsh and Thomaa Hodson of the Cosmopolitan Employment .agency, doing
busineu on Powell Street, contrary to
both the laws of Canada and thpse of
common decency.
The prosecution waa initiated by
Vancouver Tradea and tabor Council
aad waa the first under the provisions
of the recent federal orderJa-councU.
Officers of the central labor body are
keeping a careful eye oo a number Of
other similar laboraklnnlng concerns
In the elty and will prosecute whenever evidence can be secured.
Inasmuch as the Cosmopolitan, the
worst offenders, have failed to secure
tha o*. of Immigration Agent Raid'
aad Mayor Batter to an application fot
a license It will be Interesting to note
wether the Una will attempt to continue buniieas or not, Bxperience to
data girts every reason to believe that
there Is nothing to which Hr. Welsh
will not stoop In order to flseoa Job-
less workera.      '..';■• ! >."-   , ' ■'.','
Magistrate Shaw. In giving judgment
laat Friday, said: "tt seems to me
then' haa been a direct violation of
the Order-lncouncU.. One can readily
understand that If these people had
known nothing at all-about the regulations—while I do not say Ignorance
of the law Is an excuse, the very fact
that they were proceeding under this
Order-in-councll to gat a license,
shows their knowledge, and It certainly strikes me that anyone applying
for a license would try to carry ont tb%
Intention of the Order-in-councll and
to make their ohargea what they would
have to charge after they got lt; It
looks to me aa lt they were taking
advantage by charging thla man more
thin the law allows, and It does appear to me that the accused ln thla
case have no merits In their possession at all.
"One cannot help commenting on
the fact that there appears no merit
ln taking advantage of the necessities
of these men who are looking fOr
work, and I think lt Ib a case where
under, the circumstances I Should impose a fairly heavy line, so I line' you
$50 and costs, and In default of payment 30 days,"
"Is tbls-eachl" asked tbe lawyer for
"There Is no question ln the evidence given' that Hodgson Is guilty as
being One of. the parties and Welsh as
the manager of the Arm or company
from the evidence given, and must be
responsible, I do not see any reason
why every man who participates tn the
breach of the Order-ln-councll should
not be Included ln the fine, I think 1
shall have to fine each of them 850.
Trade Union Congreaa,
Amid cheers and applause and
the playing of "Auld Lang Syne," the
sixth annual Trade Union Congress
qpened at Manchester, Eng., on September 1, with 563 delegates ln attendance. Unusual Interest Is being
taken In this gathering, wblch Is tbe
largest In the history of the British
trade union movement, because of the
many Important matters due to the
labor unrest through the entire United
Kingdom which are to be discussed at
the meet. This la a record-breaking
year in the history ot the labor movement In this country, the delegates
ln attendance representing a member-
eblp of nearly 2,300,000 men and
women, tbe largest number ever represented at a labor congress. Tbe
congress was opened by the Lord
Mayor ot Manchester, Samuel Walter
Royse, who welcomed the delegates
In behalf of the municipality. The
American labor movement waa represented by Charles L. Balne, secretary
of the Boot and.Shoe Workers' Union,
and Louis O, Kemper, secretary of the
United Brewery Workmen, who are at
tha congress as fraternal delegates
from the American Federation of
Labor. For the first time tn the history of the congress, Canada, Germany
and France are alao represented by
fraternal delegates.—A. F. ot L. News
An old-time Vancouver Typo., who Is at
present enjoying a two weeks' visit on
the Coast, from Calgary,
only the Army to  keep them from
the streets.
Is lt any wonder that the Salvation
Army acquires such an Influence over
them- that they can hardly call their
soul their own? -
They are expected to don the uniform of the Army, to attend the meetings which are held almost nightly,
to respond to the constant appeals for
donations land to make regular payments towards the amount of the pas
sage money provided by tbat organization.
No trouble Is found tn obtaining employment for tbem aa tbe bosses are
quick to realise their dependent position. That this condition Is a grave
menace to Trade Unionism can be
seen by the strike at the Western
Cloak and Suit Company, where girls
because of their flnanclal or other obligations to the Army are prepared to
take the side of the bossen and scab
upolr their fellow workers.
They are not encouraged by the
Army to atudy social science—tbe
facts' of evolution or the great world
movements which are going on around
them, So how can they be expected
to develop Into class-conscious workers.
To see In what a narrow groove the
lives of these young snd Impressionable girls will be passed you have only
to read the following extracts from
the Salvation Army Articles of War:
"Therefore I do here and now and
forever renounce the world with all
Its sinful pleasures, companionships,
treasures and objects.
"I will deal truthfully, fairly and
honorably and kindly with all those
who may employ me.
"I do here declare that I will spend
all the time, strength, money and Influence I can In supporting and carrying on this war.
"I do hereby declare that I will always obey tho lawful orders of my
offlcen and that I will carry out to
the utmost of my powers all the orders
snd regulations of the Army."
In conclusion I would, respectfully
suggest to The Fed. that the Western
strike shows that the connection between the Salvation Army and scabbing and the general lowering of the
conditions of labor for which the Army
Is responsible Is one which would repay further Inquiry In the City of Vancouver,
FURNISHED ROOM to rent, suitable for two Socialists. Use of stove
and utensils for batching If desired,
Apply 1081 Homer St, Cloy.
After Holiday3 Are Ov
You will undoubtedly aak yourself the ty*i-eft«
WbereCaalGetn-wifrwttfilF-IWM-a)- wfa__
will be of actual value to me to Dollars and Cents?   I
^Vancouver Business
Institute, Lid,
(ghN-MBAW]   .
S36 Hastings Street Wert
^has courses which wfll prove beneficial
recent examination or not. A beautiful ■
proapectus^will be aent for the asking.,
Let the jlargest school, to Weatern Canada <So_« to your auiatance as it haa to
*,:   thousands of others.
wish to announce that Mr. Franklin and -nembera of hia orchestra
are not members of the Musicians
Union. When engaging music for
your next dance or social, make
sure that your Orchestra )a Com*
posed of UNION musiciang.
rerlan bfst-atka Fheae Ma-riaaa* Vaiea
Bey. Till. I       -
Should be Tailor-made aad made by Union Take fine stack lo select flats*
FRED PERRY -^J^fc!1^
Csrsar Hssm aad Dusaas* Stash
We've pioked winners in Men's Fall -Shoes. We're at the aervioe
of every man who desires the beat ahoea hia money oan buy.
*  J*    W «V *V Oppose the Gty Hal      ,
d S-hosa Ara rraspeantly
.Hav  _ 	
___> in Hoa-Vsslsm rasleslas
no matter wbat lta name, unless it bsara a
plain and readable imprsesion of thla Staap.
All shoes without tha Union Stamp ara
always Non-Union.
Boot tt attorn Workare* Union
. 246 Summer Straet Boston, Haas.
1,'.?,* Tobln, Pres.    C. ti. Balne, see.-Trees
Get Your Money's Worth
ti L" S T   If-  F
1 ^fr i.    ' \_
"Work with the President wi
the PrendMt works with un"
"     1-TMU-n. jnnniwi •unu.tMd
Now for a
Real Meal
tJ A plate of your favorite sandwiches—chicken
ham, cream cheese, cold
roast beef or tongue.
«| A nice dish of salad; a
bottle of ice cold
<J Why not enjoy this excellent brew? Phone your
dealer.   A case wil  be
delivered at your door.
Limited PAGE SIX
"It's the Water"
Kirks'& Co.
Victoria, B.C.
The Popular Priced, European Plan
C. J. Lavejoy, Mgr.       	
Free Auto Bus bates) *_» _# %°
(TfllmnHan Ololigp
! Classes now open (oi resident and non-mid—t students.
The Hslf ol teachers has been very carefully selected.
Students prepared for Junior and Senior Matriculation'
Courses in Music Household Science, Elocution, Book-
keepng, Stenography.
Calenders Sent on Application
New Westminster, B. C. m. A14 SANFORD, DJ), Principal
.-.SEl*T***MB***R1J, l»l»
Estimated That Fifty Delegates
Wait of Port Arthur Will
Jonrnay to Montreal.
—land Mine Workeri' Delegate
"Unavoidably Detained" in
Bowier'a Bull-pan.
B. C. Federation ot Labor—J. W.
District 28 U. M. W. of A. (Vancouver Isalnd)—Oeo. Pettigrew. (Will
probably be "unavoidably detained,"
Inasmuch as he Is at present a guest
of His Highness Bulldog Bowser In a
Vancouver Island bullpen.)
Vlotoria Painters—T. Norrls.
Victoria Cement Workers—J. 0,
Vancouver Tradea Council—W. R.
Alberta, Federation of Labor—J, 0.
District 18 V. M. W. of A.—J. Smith.
United   Mine   Workera   (Interna-,
tlonal)—D. Reea. I
Calgary Tradea Council—tt. Tallon.
Calgary Machinists—D. McCallum.
Calgary  Typographical—J,   Luck-
Edmonton Carpenters—W. U Dougherty, J. Knight
Medicine Hat Tradea Coundl—T. 0.
Medicine Hat Railway Carmen—"R,
Moose Jaw Trades Council—W. McAllister.
Saskatoon    Trades    Council—Ed.
Reglna   Tradea   Council—Cordon
Merlin, W. Cocks.
Brandon Trades Council—W. Busby,]
J. Casey, — Roseburgh.
Brandon   Maintenance   of   Way—j
. Brandon Railway Carmen (C. N.)—
J. Inmaa,
Winnipeg   Trades   Council—R.   A.
Rigg, B. McOratb, 3. Wooding.
Winnipeg    Blacksmiths    (International)—W. J, Bartlett
Winnipeg Bricklayers and Masons—
H. Thomas, — Warburton, 3. Winning.
Winnipeg Bartenders—F.  W.  Mc-
0111, R. J. FOley.
Winnipeg     Carpenters     (International)—0. Armstrong..
- Winnipeg Carpenters (Local 343)—
C.  J,   Harding,  Ben  Robertson,  J.
Hutchison.   .
Winnipeg Lathers—J. Peterson. <
'Watch carefully the developments
of the next ninety days on Vancouver
Island," said R. P. Pettlplece In a
labor Day address at New Westminster, commenting upon the probable
outcome of the present Indiscriminate
arrest and Imprisonment of miners In
the strike sone, Now, for tha lave of
Mike, sea what appears under a Vancouver date line In the Associated
Press dispatch of the. eastern dally
press; "Matters hare now quieted
down on Vancouver Island In the coal
areas, but that there la more trouble
brewing Is the opinion of labor leaders.
The statement la made by R. P. Petti-
pleoe, who has tsken sn active part
In these affairs, that within the next
90 days even's may be looked for that
may eclipse anything that has yet
taken piece. The mllltla have re-
cslvsd orders to ba rssdy to sail sftsln
fsr the trouble sone at a moment's
notice. The prevalent Idea Is tbat
should those minera who have been
sent up for trial be convicted, It will
mean ..another outbreak whloh may
surpass the previous one." And this
Is called a "news" paper service!
By tbe way, what waa the result of
ihe visit ot.the provincial government
"Labor" commission whieh took place
some months ago!
(Continued from Page 1)
man and obtained his consent, he
may be discharged. All employees
whose absence would cause any
-stoppage Of work must before absenting themselves properly ar-
range with or notify the Pit floss
or Foreman for or of their absences, otherwise tbey may be
The workers In other trades must
violate agreements and subject
themselves to discharge, end all the
workers, whether working under
agreements or not, must subject themselveB to the risk of being displaced
by men drawn from an Idle, non-union
labor supply. The ranks ot organised
lsbor must be shattered, chsos and Internal rebellion must follow and, after
the suspension Is over, many men will
he Jobless and left to suffer Tor their
loyalty and no beneficial purpose will
have (Men served because ot their sacrifice. The test Is a severe and dan
gerous one, yet men must suffer It or
be recorded as being In favor of "tbe
i of military to defeat the workers,"
who, In this Instance, are the Vancouver Island miners.
And herein lies the danger of Injury
to tha miners:
We must keep In mind that the
press and predatory Interests have
religiously upheld the government for
sanding military to the Island and now.
under the proposition ss submitted,
unless the organised workers of British Columbia throw discretion to the
winds, rebel sgslnst the authority of
their parent unions and Ignore all the
rules, of self-preservation and vote for
the proposed suspension the position
of our antagonists will be endorsed
hy organised labor Itself.'
Furthermore, If only a mlnorlty-of
the votes are cast against tha suspension that minority will ba used to
show that at lesst all tbe organised
workers are not In sympathy with the
striking miners, and we object to the
miners being placed in that position.
We know the workers ere In sympathy with us and we know they disapprove of the use oi the military to
defeat us. but the proposition Is put
up to them In such a way as to make
it necesssry for them to Injure every
self Interest In order to show their
sympsthy end disapproval.  *
So that, In summing up the proposition, we are Inclined to the belief that
It was only lmmaturely considered by
those who fostered lt, before being
submitted, and that lt ta untimely, 111-
sdvlsed and unfortunate for the striking minera In particular and the organised workers In general,
Surely some other plan of protest,
Just as effective and fraught with less
dangers to the workers, could have
been devised.
If the B. C. Federation of Labor
wsnt to be helpful to the strikers-
end we believe tbey do—there Is a
way. The way Is not spectacular, but
lt Is sensible. The miners of Cumberland and ladysmlth'have endured the
rigors of one winter since the itrlke
begun, and unless the mine" owners
change their attitude, the strike will
extend throughout .the coming winter.
Shoes, clothing and fuel will be needed by the strikers and If the workers
nf British Columbia were to raise a
fund to furnish these necessities It
would bring Joy to suffering men, women and children, and would be a substantial Indication that they are op.
posed to the use of military to defeat
the workers, snd that they are' Indeed
ln sympathy with the striking miners,
This Is a suggestion and not an appeal.
However, one day's pay donated to
relieve the distress of the strikers
will not mesn aa much to the donors
as two, days' work lost for no avail,
and It Is a plan that will not' Injure
those who contribute.
jj^Jhhlpeg  Letter  Carriers—W.H.
Wttalpag Machinists .128—R. Malcolm. --
Winnipeg Machinists 189—Wm
wtaotpat Muslclans-B, N. Lyons.
WnalpS Pluterers-W. Milter.
Winnipeg Plumbers Na JH-R. Mc-
WdnalpaB Street Railway Employees
Winnipeg   Typographical—H.   F.
*anga, J. Clinton.
B^JJWS   Machinists   728-B.   J.
t *•*§*¥ Painters (InternaUonal)-
^WJg»e« Painters, Local 789-B. H.
To the Organized Workers
of Canada and their Sympathizers.
monthi the minera employed
on Vancouver Island have
been lighting desperately to
force the mine owners to
obey existing mine laws, rectify iniquitous working conditions and grant them recognition as members of the
United Mine Workers of
During the struggle they
have suffered all the abuses
and injustices that could be
devised by cruel oppressors.
Appeals for justice, have
been of no avail. Inateld of
using their power to compel
obedience of the laws and to
secure justice for the miners,
the political powers have
furnished 'armed guards to
protect; the mine owners in
their infithy.
The press, political powers
and predatory interests have
combined with the mine, owners to crush the miners and
defeat common justice.
Nevertheless the men have
endured every imposition
known to brutal injustice
with courage and unity.
Maddened by the solidity
of the men, the mine owners
and their cohorts deliberately
planned to oreate a state of
disorder tbat would result in
military occupation of the
island—in this they succeeded.
When military occupation
obtained, a dragnet was
thrown out and 175 of our
men were seized and imprisoned.
Since th^ir arrest they
have been crowded three in'
a coll, in foul, unsanitary
jails, treated-as vicious criminals and held, none of them
leas thsn ..eight days "and
many of tbem three weeks,
without preliminary trial.
Since the .preliminary trial.,
commenced tbe-trial judge
snd the crown prosecutor
have plainly shown animus
for our people, boasted British justice hss been turned
into travesty snd with rare
exception, and on hissed testimony- and flimsy evidence,
they have, been remanded to
jail without bail.
The whole procedure is
obviously g conspiracy to
discourage the men and
break the strike, and should
be denounced by all justice-
loving people.
Therefore we ssk that you
protest against the action of
the' military and civil au-,
thorities in seizing and jailing our feUow-workers and
demand of your respective
representatives that tbey use
their influence to see that the
victims receive a haaty and
impartial trial, and that the
further prostitution of justice is prevented,
Fraternally yours,
john McAllister,
Chief Officer in Chsrge of
Nanaimo, B. C, Sept. 11.
Cansdisn Lsbor Press
please copy.
B, C, F, of L Referendum.
Editor Federatlonist: Respecting the
referendum on the general strike now
being Issued by the Executive of the
Federation. As there seems to be
doubt in the minds ot some-trades
unionists that I have mat with lit conversation as to the attitude or course
of action to be taken by tbe .Executive
in the event of an affirmative vote, I
beg to place before tbe afflliated op
ganfcations the following observations,
setting forth my attitude and understanding as to what the said referendum Involves and what plan of action
the executive must accordingly follow:
.. 1. The Federation has neither authority to call nor means to sustain a
general strike, even of a limited dura-
tlon. . -
2. The authority for a general atrlke
as well as the means of sustaining
same must come from the member
. 8, Practically the entire membership
consists of locals of International organisations who are, by reason of their i
oharters, etc., governed by such International organisations in all matters Ta-J
general and ln particular In respect to
| strikes.
4. The referendum now being Issued
by the executive Is In deference to
urgent requests and expressions made
In favor of some such action belh*|
taken ln the present crisis, and Is
mesnt as an opportunity for the afflliated organisation to say whether their
membership Is In favor of a general
strike as.an Instrument ot protest now
and In tbe future.       -
5. An affirmative vote by the membership does not by any means confer
a power on the executive to call a
I general strike, aa ln that event the
International organisation* and parent
bodies' consent would have to be first
obtained, sanctioning an arrangement
whereby tbe Federation, through lta
executive* could call such general
strike of protest, tor a limited time,
within Its jurisdiction. Such arrangement would thus oonstltute the plan
or machinery whereby a general strike
could be consummated through tbe In
strumentality of the Federation.
Accepting the above as a correct
analysis of what Is Involved tn the
referendum, it will be seen at once
that no risk Is assumed by any affiliated organisation that approves of tbe
principle of the general strike ss an
effective method, by voting In favor ot
the proposition. By accepting the
above aa the1 plan to be pursued In the
event of an affirmative vote, no reason
Is left to sny afflliated organisation
to withhold lta approval on the ground
that they might be called out In dell—ice of their International regulation.
If a local of any given trade has not
the authority to go out on strike at
Its own choosing, and I understand
that many organisations are so situated, neither can they confer an authority to call tbem out nor promise' to
obey such a call from any but the
'parent body except with Its consent.
An educational discussion of great
benefit to the workers wUL take place
In connection with the consideration
of thit referendum. Such education
i must take place before an Intelligent
action on th'i momentous Question can
1 be expected. Than the mora knowledge by tbe employing Interests of the
fact, that the workers ara considering
this question will unquestionably tend
to make tbem more amenable to reaa-
onsble consideration of the demands
of organised labor. Aa it la well known
that they stand In greater dread of the
general strike than any other method
that the organised workers have within
their means ot using.
Victoria, Sept. 8.
Blind as Bats.
Editor Federatlonist;   I notice that
the Ward-V.   Conservatives  unanimously passed the following resolution
at their meeting laat week:
"This association-endorses most
heartily the action Of tha attorney-
general In having the mllltla call- '
ed out to uphold law and order In
the affected district on Vancouver
How blind soms people are! I wonder would they have endorsed tbe
calling out of the mllltla to enforce
law and order If the law breakers
were the mine owners and their tools
tha provincial government, Instesd of
working msn, Whsn the capitalists
and their hired apologists break the
law we never notice the above people
crying out for law and order, but as
soon ss working men break the law
In trying, to enforce the law, a bowl
at once goes up from such people, And
a cry la raised for suppression.
Are the Conservatives of Vancouver
and B. 0. eo'bilnd that they cannot
see "the handwriting on the wall."
Do they think the people of B. C. are
to be fooled by silly resolutions about
"law and Order" whoa one law prevail! for working men and another
tor the capitalist!
The government of B. ft, drunk wltb
power, Is fortunately riding to Its doom
and there Is not the slightest doubt
but when the electors once more get
a' chance at tbem they will go out of
existence forever In this province.
Only one thing can save them, and
that Is to deprive the electors of the
chance to vote, as they did to 80% of
us at the past election. But even
that kind of a game oan be played ton
often. There le one thing Just now
thst svery dsesnt elestor In Ward V.
should rsmsmbsr, and that Is thst
Aldsrmsn Blsak moved ths above rldl-
culous resolution and A, J. Powsll esc-
sndsd It . '__„
««*«S»C_*ie5L       mmSqammZ'atSt
9I-VJPID ftym^AR purpose
We have recently acquired the entire commercial sign
business and equipment or Jenkins A Co., successors, to Jenkins A Abbott: and that ot Bond ft Rlcketts, Limited, as tbey
now confine themselves to outdoor advertising exclusively.
Ltteat Addition to Vancouver's Up-to-Date Hotels
Absolutely Fireproof-Local and Lonf-D-tance Phone ln
.*■...  Every loam
Abundance of Hsat and light Cafe la Connection
Attractive latea to Pars-neat COTTINOHAM-BEATY
wrongs In the court of laat resource,
physical force, and wreak vengeance!
on their tormentors? It Is not to, certain that they were not Justified In
this course from any angle, for the
law allows a certain amount of provocation to be Justification for violence
in a great many oakes. And surely,
indiscriminate shooting by Illegally
armed scabs la some excuse1 for retaliation.
But this action, manifestly provoked
and Instigated by tha enemies ot union
labor, haa been the signal for an open
war upon all union men by those' who
are alleged to be the upholders of law
and order.
In the flrst place, as an Illustration
ot the great generalship of one Bowser,
large bodies of mllltla arrived on the
scene after the disturbance had all
subsided. Their first action waa to
surround. a peaceful meeting and arrest union mea by the score, merely
because they were union man, as later
events have proven,
k Since that time, the authorities have
[run riot, arresting right and left; until
they have succeeded In placing one
hundred and seventy-live striken behind the bare. Some of these men
have been apprehended for being mere
spectators at the scene of trouble,
Strange to aay, Bona of the business'
men who also were spectators at-tha
same, place, have .been molested.
Every conceivable charge that could
possibly bave been concocted baa been
preferred against those arrested In
order to preserve sn appearance of
legality. One man, however, was held
lu Jail for three weeks without any
charge at all, proving that when no
technicality can be Invoked the authorities can get along very well without
any law.
. The people of Vancouver should real-
lie that.these miners are citlsens of
tbe country, better citlsens by far than
the men who are fighting them, and
that tbey are striving for tbe rights
tbat British citlsens have been supposed to enjoy for hundreds of years.
As for the good people who are so'
afraid that violence might be done, let
them understand that If the authorities
would obey tbe laws, the miners would
not be obliged to resort to force as
tbe only arbiter of Justice.
Arthur Macdonald, an old-time mt
ber and officer of the Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners, has purchased
the Labor Temple cigar and newsstands from 3. McMillan. Mr. McMillan la a patient In the General Hospital, down with sn attack of pneumonia;   _IBBHI
W. R, Trotter, general organiser for
the Tradea and Labor Congress of
Canada, has evidently been doing effective work for. the Congress en
route east Edmonton, Medicine Hat,
Prince Albert, Saskatoon, Reglns,
Brandon and Winnipeg dally papers
have devoted a good deal of attention
ta-hli mass meetings, giving much
publicity to the Work of the Congress.
Incidentally, Bro. Trotter has been
able to give the unionists of Western
Canada a Brit-hand story of the miners' strike on Vanoouver Island, one
that differs in many respects to the
reports associated to the press, inasmuch as It Is truthful.
Continued from Page One
Only to Innate brutlshness. Strikers
and tbelr wives have been haled Into
court on trumped-up charges, there to
be mocked and Insulted by a "magistrate" wbo has long since forgotten
that some dignity snd a faint conception of Justice Is supposed to attach
to a British court of law.
Is It any wonder that some of the
men should seek redress for their
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