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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 18, 1913

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THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDER
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRAPES AND LABOR COUNCIL AND B. C. FEDERATION. OF LABOR.
FIFTH YEAE.    No. 106.
yANCOUVEB,Jp a FRIDAY,  APRIL lS^Wlfc
SCOTCH GIRLS CHEAPER
THAN CHINAMEN
The Canadian Canning Company,
wblch le established on the Fraser
River, and whose local director and
manager Is Captain H. Mi Fleming,
'announce that tbey are about to discharge their Chinamen, who are employed in their canning factory,.and
replace tbem with Scotch girls, 24
ol whom are. being brought out trom
Eymouth, Berwickshire, lor that out-
note. A good deal ot fulsome humbug
surrounds the venture; but "The British Columbian" comes near to the
truth as we know lt, The following
la a quotation from a news article lit
Its columns thli week: "Captain
Fleming has not only sentimental reasons tor replacing his Chinese by
white girls. He hu Investigated their
capabilities and believes that he can
Increase the output o'f hli Chinese
crew, which wss 38,000 cans per day;
to from 60,000 to 00,000 oans per day.
The Scotch girls will be put oh in
two shifts, and are reported to be
quicker and more efficient than the
Chinese. Another advantage - anil'
clpated by. Captain Fleming will result from direct control bt the working force, instead of the indirect control of the Chinese secured through
the medium of their own head man."
Reduced to Its essentials, we who have
studied this Industrial question know
that the foregoing amounts to tola ana
no more or less, A Chinaman Is not
employed because he Is a Chinaman,
nor is any Oriental employed became
he Is yellow, black, green or blue, but
for the one reason that he is cheap.
And If Chinamen are to be replaced
by any other form of labor no matter!
from whence lt may come, the reason
is because tbat labor can be obtained
cheaper than the Chinamen. 0 shades
of Bonnie. Scotland|
It's enough to make Robbie turn In
his gravel Well, we ahall see how
It works out. We have Been the bon-
nle lassies who come from Scotland
each year to handle the herring catch
at Yarmouth, England, And we are
much mistaken if that type of woman
will stand for some of the things
which the Canadian Canning Com.
phny may think they can put over
them.
VANCOUVER ISLAND MINERS
• WILL. CELEBRATE MAY 1
The Coal Miners of Vancouver
Island will hold their annual demonstration at Ladysmlth on Thursday,
May 1st. All the union miners ot the
island will be there with .the exception of those at Cumberland, who will
hold a demonstration "of their own;
The Ladysmlth demonstration- will be
held hi a Held on Government Road,
the Canadian Colliery Company having taken away the football Held
where the miners usually hold their
sports. The Nanalmo contingent Is
expected to arrive tn Ladysmlth about
0 a.m. on the morning of May: 1st. A
procession will be formed and all will
march to the fun field. The miners
officials expect about one thousand
miners will be there. Prlies to the
value of $600 will be up for competition, and lt li expected that Messrs.
Parker Williams and J. Place will be
the speakers of the day, along with
officers of District 28 of the United
Mine Workers of America. The
strike situation at Cumberland is
much the same, except that about
sixty of the strikebreakers have become disgusted and quit this week,
THE AMERICAN LABOR MOVEMENT
AND DISRUPTI
SOCIALISTS   CONDEMN
HUGE   ARMAMENTS
Hundreds of thousands of copies of
a manifesto against the proposed vast
Increase of the armies and armaments
of France and Germany are being circulated throughout Europe by a Socialist organisation of the two countries.
The document is signed jointly by executive officers and parliamentary representatives of the two Socialist parties, headed by Bebel In Germany and
- Jaures In France. The cost ot such
armaments and their apparent useless-
ness Ib the chief objection taken to
them.
MILLMEN AND LOGGER8
Geo. Heatherton, organiser for the
Millmen and Loggers, reports that locals have been installed at Hoqulam,
Aberdeen and Elmo, in the State of
Washington, with an aggregate mem'
bership of nearly five hundred. Preaident Brown Of the Shingle. Weavers
has received requests from Eureka
and Redwoods, California, for an organiser to go down and Heatherton ts
leaving thli week for those parts.
Later on when the season opens in B.
C. he ti to come up here to organise,
CALGARY LABOR TEMPLE
The Trades and Labor Council ot
Calgary has ;nade application to the
city council for a loan, of $11,000 on
the Labor Temple and the two lots on
which it Is erected. The property
cost $21,000, ot which $11,000 Is still
outstanding, which the company cannot see its way to meet for a few
months.
HOME
AND   DOMESTIC
EES' UNION.
EMPLOY'
The first public meeting of thli union will be held In the Labor Temple
on Thursday, April 0th, at 8:80 p.m.,
and thereafter tbere will he a public
meeting on the flrst Thursday In every
month. The union hopes by this means
not. only to Increase lte membership,
but to show to the public the necessity
of what they are asking. At present,
although lt baa not been ln existence a
month, the union already baa a membership of fifty. Owing to the long
hours of domestic employment and
the tiring nature of the work it Is by
no means an easy matter for the girls
to come ln to reglster. The union
however, Intends to establish a "walking bureau" to meet the exigencies of
the case.
Petty Officialism In G. P. O.
From the remarks overheard at the
last meeting ot the Letter Carriers ln
Labor Temple, it is evident that' a
considerable amount of friction exists
ln the local post offlce, owing to the
favoritism, discrimination and officialism of two or three petty underlings.
Such a state of affairs can hardly be
conducive to a proper service to the
public or to the welfare of those who
are ln that Institution .to do the pub:
This article will deal with the activities of those who espouse the cause ot
the Industrial Workers of the World."
While the tenor of the article will not
be pleasing to many readers, the theme
is one that sooner or later must be
frankly discussed and rigorously dealt
with .by the members of organised
labor lt we'are to preserve our preient
solidarity and add to the splendid
achievements ol tbe American labor
movement.
The American labor movement,- as
represented by the American Federation of Labor," was not easily formed,
neither is it tht creation of fanatical
tactics or Idle brains, but lt Is the result of a blending of the beat thought,
study and endeavor of each successive
generation of American workingmen.
On the pages of Its history are record-
ed many imperishable deeds of- devotion and tragic sacrifices. Lite has
been the penalty paid by many of Its
defenders, and cruel Buttering tbe lot
of thousands who have had the courage to advocate Its cause. It haa had
to assimilate men of all nations and
all creeds, mobilise-'a heterogeneous
army of men of diverse tongue and
thought, harmonise countless opinions,
tolerate sophists and curb demagogues,
endure treachery, control the Irrational
and appease the captious, break down
deeply cooted prejudices and constantly combat the fierce hosltllity of those
Who, for various reasons, would destroy It..' Furthermore, the constructive period of the movement extends
over more years than the most ot Its
members have lived, and represents
decade after decade of discouraging
but patient toll, the expenditure ot an
amount of money so great that it Is
beyond human comprehension, and the
conquest of barrier after barrier before reaching Us present standard of
efficiency. To accomplish this work of
construction has required Infinite intelligence and tact, and magnificent
courage and fidelity, but the work has
(By Frank Farrington.)
the American labor movement In particular, which they do not hesitate to
declare they are going to disrupt and
destroy. . J~
' The United Mine Workers of America being the largest trade union afflliated with the American Federation of
Labor, Is:the recipient of an exceptionally fierce onslaught from these
fanatics who call onr check-off system
"only a medium for collecting the officers' salaries," and our joint agreements "ah unpardonable truce" devised by "labor faking officers" to
keep the membership in servile subjection! What a sad indictment they
make against the. Intelligence ot the
organlsqd mine workers who have
fought so long and so valiantly to establish these two cardinal principles
of our union! By ignoring antagonistic actualities they can mould theories
so ideal and so easy of consummation
that one Is staggered to think how
stupid we have been. Though the most
of these blowed-ln-the-glass Revolutionists could not tell a mine tipple
from a Figure Eight structure In an
amusement park and know nothing of
the life, characteristic! and environ'
ment of miners, or the contributing
elements that combine to retard our
progress, tbey can dash through a
miners' strike zone and come out pregnant with solutions so simple that
men who have spent a lifetime of dally
contact with miners and mining conditions are dumbfounded by the simplicity of the solutions* While they
speak volubly and write fluently of our
stupidity they fail to tell* their auditors
that our check-off system and our
Joint agreements are the fruits of
many a desperately fought contest,
and are the ties that hsve bound our
heterogeneous membership In unity
while the work of education and organisation has gone on. Neither do they,
while claiming our check-off system
and joint agreements are a detriment
gone on without surcease, easing the to the miners and a benefit to the op-
burden of the workers here and recti- orators, explain why it is bat the
tying some great wrong there, promot- mhw owners of West Virginia, Colo-
,ng  and   protecting  the  rights   and rado, Vancouver Island, and elsewhere
voicing the wrongs ot the weak and
the oppressed, and eternally building
bit by bit until a structure has been
reared that Is a bulwark ot protection
for all who will take refuge therein,
on the American continent, who employ 400,000 non-union mine workers,
tight so viciously against the establishment of these two principles. They
evade the truth because truth would
and "which  how'liin 'rightfnify'Yay!™* «>em of their propaganda.
claim to having done more to amell-
Hb'i work, and should be looked into I ^ie the"cond1tionir o'f  employment
by those Interested. ! and advance the social standing of the
American  working men and
Steamfltters Come Over.
After months of negotiations between the United Association ot
Plumbers and local of the International
Steamfittera, Washington, D. C, arrangements have been made whereby
the local union of steamfltters has
taken decisive action to become a part'
ot the United Association of Plumbers.
The new local will be No. 002. President Alpine, of the United Association,
conducted these successful negotiations.
I. L. A, Convention.
The sixth annual convention of the
Pacific toast District of the Interna,
tlonal Longshoremens' Association
will convene on May 5th, 1919, at San
Pedro.
During January and February, 1912,
the American Federation of Labor Issued thirty-four charters, chartering
One department, eight central bodies,
twenty-one local trade unions, and
four Federal labor unions. For the
same two months of 1913 a total ot
fifty charters were Issued, Including
nine central bodies, thirty-two local
trade unions, and nine Federal labor
unions.
The suspender trimmers ot Philadelphia have struck against several
firms, but principally against One firm
whose employees went out two weeks
ago.
women
than has any other force in the nation.
Notwithstanding this the last few
years have seen the advent of some
self-styled "Revolutionists" who tell us
that our organisation Is faulty, that Its
officers are fakirs and Its members
reactionary, that the whole thing Is an
obsolete makeshift founded on fallacy
and conceived ln the minds of imbeciles, and assure us that the -emancipation of the working class depends
upon affiliation with the Industrial
Workers of the World. Ihe didactics
of these propagandists are largely sophistical buncombe. They pander to
passion and credulity by making virulent and specious attacks on weaknesses in the labor movement that
cannot be corrected under present circumstances. Their specialty Is harsh-
tongued harangue and invidious: diatribe against everything In general and)
The Pacific Coast Is Infested with
these "Industrial Wonder Workers'
who have just succeeded ln splitting
the Socialist party of Washington, and
are doing more to retard the growth
of the labor movement than any other
Influence on the Coast. Their policy
is revealed by their attitude towards
the attempt to organize, the coast lumberjacks, and thelr'pollcy here Is but
a replica of their wo?;k elsewhere.
There are 260,000 men employed in the'
'Hffnrent branches of the lumber. Industry In tbe Pacific Northwest.
These men are a sterling lot but.be-
cause of their environment, the nature
of their work and the lack of organization, lead a hard and cheerless lite.
For some time the American Federation of Labor, the, Shingle Weavers'
Union, the Washington State Federation of Labor and the British Columbia
Federation of .Labor have been cooperating to devise plans for organizing this army of workers Into one big
union.    Arrangements   were   finally
completed, organizers were aisigned
to the work snd were meeting with]
considerable success, when Haywood
and Ettor, both ot whom owe their
liberty if not their lives to the trade
unionist whose unions .they are now
trying to demolish, made a spectacular
dash to the coast, and, after some
twaddle, decided to call a strike of
the lumberjacks on the ooast, the]
•trike to be effective May lit
By juit what magical power they]
expect to move thli great body of Immobilized men |n unison is a mystery
that the old-line unionists cannot
fathom. However, one thing li plain,
which ii that their action will cause i
endless acrimony and wrangle among
the men over the merits of the two
organisations, and hamper indefinitely
a genuine attempt to organize the
lumber workeri, Bqt, as one of these
geniuses put It, "It will make good
propaganda anyhow."
Their tactics in this. instance, although Indefensibly wrong, have an
amusing angle. Fancy real, llve,^-ln-|
vlftclble "Revolutioniiti" who m
their moves by nothing less than
world-wide action, and who have everlastingly lashed and denounced the
United. Mine Workeri of America because of their forced policy ol sectional strikes, Indulging ln a mere sec-!
tlonal itrlke ot lumberjacks! Wbat a
radical modification ot demagogic declarations, and how tame theie truculent "Reds" become when confronted
by practical actualities.
That the American labor movement
In its present status has many Imperfections and falls far short of meeting
the needs of the workers, is manifest,
but no movement can be impelled beyond its power to conquer negative
forces nor be geared to the acme of
efficiency by a division" of the parts,
Although our movement Ib faulty lt is
also incomplete, yet lt must be conceded that we have at least a mighty
costly foundation upon which to build
a militant labor movement. Neverthe-
it properly supported the next
decade will see marvellous strides
made by organized labor. With greater, numerical strength will come the
eradication' ot weaknesses that are
now incorrigible, and the development
of greater and safer militancy. Time
will make possible the Invention and
adoption of policies that at present are
unacceptable and unfitted tor present
conditions. Understanding will generate a closer amalgamation ot the component parts. With capacity'will
come Suitable readjustment and wrong!
will he righted, not by premature and
lunatic revolution, but by wisely guided and Intelligent evolution, and the
agency that would divide labor's
forces, whether for policy or pillage,
(luring the process of evolution, Is a
menace to the movement, no matter It
the agency be tbe Industrial Workers
of the World or the National Manufacturers' Association, Haywood or a
Pinkerton, Ettor or Otis, and should
be regarded as an enmy by the army
of labor. Moreover, if we cannot work
out our destiny by collective reasoning
and cumulative energy.then surety
there Is little hope In divisional factions. The old axiom, "United we
Btand, divided we fall' is as true today
as it was the day the axiom was
coined.
NELSON  STRIKE SETTLED.
All striking laborers,
|,penters,   bricklayers, ,
plasteren, painters, hodcarrlers and
machinists resumed work laat Tuesday,
following the decision at a bus misting at union headquarter! tif accept
suggestion that question ot wagei to
be paid cement mixers,.excavation
men, builders' helper; and atone masons' helpers be lot to arbitration.
Machinist! at Nelion iron Works
have signed an agreement stipulating
$4.35 for nine houn, lncreaae of thirty;
cent! per day, end laborers at same
wok are to get fifteen cents per day
Increase. With the'se exceptions man
are returning work at the old Male ot
pay, although It Is likely building laborer! under the decision of arbitrators, who have to figure out for cement mixers, exceptors and helper!
haaed on emplortrs. soheduta sad
amount of time spent lut yesr onl
various classes of work, will mak*]
alight gain.
'Rev. A. E. Smith, pastor of Trinity
Methodist Church, and Frank Phillips,
secretary of the miners' union, hsve'
been named memben. of the arbitration board by the men. Employen
have not yet held a meeting-to discuss the proposal which resulted from
the meeting ot the Joint committee
representative ot both parties to the
dispute, which luls lasted eleven working days.. Oeorge Hardy, Secretary of
the Trades and Ubor Counoll, aad B.
Litchfield, both of whom were arretted while on picket duty, were lined
$20 each or two month!' Imprisonment
the fines were paid.
CITY COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS.
tt wu a smart ptase of
juggling which enabled the city i
ell on Wednesday afternoon te sMfes
a balance between the expenditure and
receipts so u to pave the war toward! .fixing the tax rata at the aame
figures a* last year, Hit milla oo th*
dollar
The deficit, after all possible redactions had Sean aad*. was, It Man*
tgurei, $140,000, io what did tha aenn-
cll do but enter thla amount oa tk*
estimated receipts column u refund
of revenue advanced to local Improve
menu and behold, ths two accouata
wen balanced.
Smart, very, but wtll anybody n_
ture to prophesy that th* I
LABOR TEMPLE FOR SYDNEY
Sydney, Nova Scotia, Is te have
Labor Temple. The . plan contemplates a structure of at leut three
■tortei. On -the ground floor there
would he one or two large stores.
The establishment ol a co-operative
business to handle only union-made
goods Is one of the details for consideration.
The second and third floon would
be fitted up for the use of the tradei
unloni and rat.way brotherhood!. One
floor would be converted Into a work-
ingman'i club, in thli way the tradea
unionists of Sydney expect to overcome the tendency of many who frequent the saloon and other resorts of
that nature. The remaining floor
would be laid off ln large rooms, organisation offices, committee
and the like.
Funds to cover the construction are
to be raised in the usual way from the
members of labor unlona in Sydney
and other places, by' the sale of shares
in a joint atOck company to be Incorporated for the purpose.
Machinists Booming. .„
The officials of the International Association of Machinists report that
during the monthi of February aad
March local unions were formed at
Ashburnham, Mus.; Kingston, Pa.;
Watertown, Mass,; Cleveland, Ohio;
Heavener, Okla,; Gaasaway, W. Va.;
Three Rivers, Mich.; Chlcopee Falls,
Mass.. and Keokuk.. Iowa, in addition
to these organisations of machinists,
the following looal unloni, composed
exclusively of macblnliti' helpen,
also were organized: St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada; Jermyn, Pa.; Bolton,
MasB.; Oneonta, N. Y.; Mayfield Pa.;
Danville, III.; Grand Junction, Colo.;
Clinton, Iowa; Norwich, N. Y.; Hols-
Ington, Kans., and Helena, Mont. This
makes twenty charters issued during
the two mouths under consideration.
VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS
Men's Suits
$15:00
Spring Wear
In tweeds and
guaranteed indigo dye,
and guaranteed to retain
their shape. Made with
™"gle breasted saeque
oat, with three button
front and the Bartlett
patent pocket, which prevent the coat sagging at
the side, and have the popularized seams and double
stitched edges. Trousers
are medium peg-top style,
and have side buckle for
adjusting the waist measure. They represent the
greatest suit value ever offered.   Special for $15.00
The Council convened last night i up the line of the G. T. P. west of
at 8 p.m. with President Benson infTete 3ame Cache, and that when his
th„ ik.i, k i ..— ... „j i, ._' report waB received the Council would
the chair.  A letter -was read from ths^" flirIllB)led wlth a copy.
Portland Central Labor Council invit-i    The Parliamentary Committee  rec-
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER OF GRANVILLE AND GEORGIA
ing the Council to send one. or more
dolegates to a conference which is to
meet In Portland, Oregon,'on June 5th,
to consider how the interests of organized labor can be safeguarded from
the injurious effects ot the Influx of
immigration which is expected on the
Pacific Coast when the Panama Canal
opens. A motion was made that the
Council send one delegate, and after
a very spirited debate the motion was
carried.
The Minister of Labor wrote that
Mr. J. D. McNIven, the dominion fair
wage officer for British Columbia, had
ommended that the various unions be
circularized for subscriptions towards
purchasing boohs for a Council library, and tbelr action was endorsed.
The returns of the referendum on the
question ot Increasing the per capita
tax from 10 cents to IS cents per
quarter to enable the Council to have
a business agent, showed that sixteen
unions paying per capita tax on 1209
members were in favor, and fourteen
unions paying per capita tax on 3672
members, were against. In view of
that vote the matter was dropped tor
tbe time being.  The reports from un
just returned from an Inspection trip Ions showed an unusual amount of un
employment for this time of the year.
Delegate W. R. Trotter defeated Delegate H. A. Jones by 49 votes to 25 for
the position of representative of the
Council to the Immigration Conference
to be held in Portland, Oregon. Delegate W. E. Walker waa endorsed by
the Council tor the position of organizer of the culinary crafts In the Northwest, The fact that the city counoll
has given a grant of $2600 tc the
Women's Building, Ltd., was brought
Into the limelight, and the secretary
was Instructed to ask the city council
to appoint a scaffold Inspector for the
protection of the lives and limbs ot
the workers using scaffolds. A motion,
made by Delegate Burgess of the
Molders, that a committee be appointed to devise ways and means of forming a labor party, was defeated,
Oh 8am!
We learn from the Labor News, published by our old friend Sam Landers
tbat the Hon. W. B. Wilson, the new
Secretary of Labor in the United
States, was born ln Scotland In the
year 7SI2I Well, of course, as the
"Snooze" says It Ib so, well It must be
so. But really, It lt had been anybody
else but you Sammy we should have
thought he was ! 1
not be still owing next yiar.
However, the mala Mea wis to get
away from-thi horrid actloo ot having to raise the tax rat* art tha dtf-
Scully, by this mathematical maalna-
tloa, was avoided.
Bat It's long odda that tk* usees-
ment for next year will be most substantially Increased.
One feature, which will be gloriously satisfactory to readers ot the Federatlonist Is th* tact that gnats to
such gallant organisations as tha Sea-
forth Hlghlanden Cadets an Utecal,
and* nothing waa Included tor them
ln the estimates.
If the young shaven deeire to e*-
cun a training trom which they may
ultimately develop Into soldi*™ It I*
up to tielr parents to pay for tha
amusement It certainly caaoat ha.
right to deduct the money tram tb*
local ratal to pay for such things.
If the government desires to acquire
young blood, ltt It, having the right
of might on lta side, put up th* cash.
All the same, It I* quit* poaitbli
that In th* years to oome th* yonac
soldiers may be called out to fire upon
their relatives who may U fighting
for conditions which will enable them
to live a decent life In comfort,
lt that tune ever do** oom*, Ood
help Canada.. -
The writer wai reading an article
the other day ln whloh It was stated
—and proved—that th* six richest
men In the world could mak* a present of 1100 to every man, woman aad
child in the British Isles.
Of courts this vast wealth do** not
represent ready cash, but the oondl-
tlens which have led to th* accumulation of such vast wealth In the hands
of a very small number must mak*
the man who has not a hundred cents
of surplus cash pause and wonder It
lt really cap be right
GENERAL STRIKE IN BELGIUM.
More than 350,000 Socialist* and
Unionist* have' quit work In Belgium
as tbe start of a great strlk* tor un!-'
venal suffrage. One hundred and fifty
thousand mlnen were lint to lay
down their tools and It'll believed that
by the end of th* week 500,000 workers will be out
In preparation for trouble 40,000
troops are ready for action, but It
Is believed that many regiments ar*
permeated hy the doctrines of Social-
Ism, and lt Is doubtful If they would
obey an order for serious action. Thla
fact la recognised by the atrik* leaden. At their headquarters Is suspended a great banner which bean
tbe legend: "Soldlen, do not fire on
your brothers."
A machine just put on the market
Is stated to produce a picture-postcard
portrait, properly developed, fixed,
washed, and dried In four minutes. It
is operated by a piece of money Inserted In a slot by the "sitter," and
performs Its complicated functions
without any help from anybody.. It Is
the Invention of an English engineer
In France.
Garment Workers Win.
The Garment Workers of Toronto
are elated. Out of twenty-seven* establishments all but three have now
signed up. In twenty-one shops a
satisfactory settlement was reached
without friction, only six firms opposing the demands of the union,
whereupon a strike was called ln these
shops. Three of these have npw
signed up and negotiations are under
way with the others and prospects of
n settlement are bright. The rate of
wages paid in the large majority of
these shops was as low as $12 and-|l5
per week, while the new agreement
provides a minimum ot ti 8 for journeymen cutters on stock and $20 on
special ordered clothing. Time and a
halt will be paid for overtime and an
equal division of work ln the slack
season. The United Garment Workers were never so effectively organized ln this city as they are today.
. Niagara Falls News.
The ButlderB' Association of Niagara
has signed a new agreement with the
Carpenters' Union for an advanced
scale of wages and Saturday half-holt
daj during June, July and August. The
same association has also signed nn
agreement with the Bricklayers and
Stone Masons' Union tor Increased
pay and the Saturday Jialf-hollday.
The demand of the unions was met
In every particular except tor a compromise on half-holidays for three
months Instead of four months, as at
first demanded. Tho eiorts of the
master and journeymen plasterers and
paperhangers to come to an agreement
over wageB failed, A strike Is Impending. The Painters claim that efforts have been made to arbitrate the
wage question, but that the master
painters have refused to arbitrate.
The palntera are seeking an Increase
from 42% cents to 47*4 cents an hour
for the first year, and 50 cents an hnur
for the second year, with a two-yenrl
agreement.
Chicago Street Railwayman.
The award made by the arbitration
board in the dispute Involving the employees ot the surface street railway
UneB gives an Increase of 2 cents an
hour and reduces the hours. The former scale was: First six months, 23
cents per hour; seconil six months, 25
cents; second year, 2a cents; third
year, 27 cents; fourth year, 28 cents;
fifth year, 29 cents, and after 'live
years, 30 cents. The award of the arbitration board established the following scale: First three months, 23
cehtrf; second three months, 25 cents;
second six months, 2C cents; third six
months,- 27 cents; fourth six months,
28 cents; third year, 29 cents; fourth
year, 30 cents; fifth year, 31 cents;
after live years, 32 cents. The agreement expires June 1, 1915, and back
pay oh the above award Ib to be computed from August 1, 1912. All runs
are to be made as nearly as possible
within.ten hours, but there shall be
scherulo run ot less than nine
hours, i All motormen are to receive 25
cents additional each day for Instructing students. The wage increase will
net an additional annual expenditure
of $800,000 In wages. Judge Scanlan,
representing the railroad employes,
dissented from the findings of the
board.   The situations of tbe
Smelter Men Strike.
Six hundred employes of the Olobe
Smelter, Denver, Colo., have struck he-
cause a 25 cent wage Increase was denied them. These employes are mem
bers of the Western Federation of
Miners and the situation is tn charge
of President Moyer, The strike followed the attempt to work some of
the men trom ten to fourteen hours
without additional pay. "Inhuman conditions prevail," stated President Moyer. "The men realize that they have
been discriminated against and thoy
feel the need of organisation. Lead-
vlllc and Pueblo smelters have a wage
of $2. The Globe minimum wage Is
$1.75. The voluntary adherence of
other state Btnelters to the eight-hour
shift haB Increased the unrest." The
smelter Is entirely closed down and
the men Insist that they will not re-1
turn until they obtain $2 pur day for
unskilled labor and an Increase from
$2.20 to $2.50 a day for inside vork.
The strike at the Pittsburgh and
Lake Brie ihops at McKees Rooks has
been settled. Tb* striken demanded
20 cents an hour, an advance ot 3
cents. The laboren and railroad officials compromised on 18ft cents an
hour.
Bight of the sixteen teachers of
Nelson (B. C.) public schools went on
strike on April 4 against a new rule
requiring thirty days' notice before resigning.
MOTOR LAUNCH.DRAW.
The drawing for the motor launch
belonging to Mr. J. J. Taylor, ot Ladysmlth, Is postponed until Saturday,
May 10th. Everyone holding unsold
tickets and Blubs li aaked to return
them before that date to H. J. Sheen,
P. O. Box 1183, Victoria, B. C.
MINERS STAY AWAY PROM
QUEEN  MINE, SHEEP CREEK.
The Federatlonist Is ln receipt ot a
telegram from Ymlr Mlnen' Union
warning all mlnen to stay away trom
Queen Mine, Sheep Creek, B. C, as
there is trouble then.
Toronto Engraven' Strlk*.
The photo engraven In Toronto are
out on itrlke at present and hav*
been out for ten weeks in the following plants: Grip Photo and Engraving Co., Alexander Engraving Company. L. Kohlwets, Chicago, general
organiser of the photo engravers, la
In charge of the strike and says matter! look favorable for a victory for
the men.
Sam Oompen III.
Samuel Gompers, president ot the
American Federation of Labor, ll confined to a hospital In Washington, D.
C, threatened with mastoiditis of the
left ear. For several weeks he has
suffered *conslderabie pain and was
taken to the hospital for constant attention and complete rest from his
work,
ployes is still unsettled and Is also tn
the hands of the arbitrators.
Minimum Wage at Everett.
The leading department store   In
Everett has established a minimum
wage to become effective Immediately.
About fifty clerks are given employment and practically all will' come under the minimum wage plan.   The
„        company has  decided  to place the
L   era- minimum wage at $8 per week,   This
Hamilton Molders Strike,
The Iron Molders of Hamilton have
called a strike at the Wcstlnghousc,
Sawyer-Massey Works, and the Steel
Company of Canada. The union made
a demand for u minimum wage of
$3 25 for both molders and coremakcrs
lnstend of the present scale of $3 a
day for Iron molders and $2.75 for
coremakers. Several other Iron foundries acceded to the demand of the
Iron molders, and the men are at
work. The outlook Is promising for
an early settlement. I
scale does not include apprentices,
but has to do with employes who have
had some experience In the business,
Apprentices will not be paid less than
$6 per week during the period of their
schooling ln salesmanship. Hereafter
wages paid will be $0 * week for apprentices and from $8 to .$25 per week
for experienced sales people.
"Bobby," said the lady ln the Btreet
car, severely, "why don't you get up
and give your seat to your father!
Doesn't It pain you to aee htm reaching tor the strap?"
"Not ln a car," said Bobby. "It does
at home."
Why not buy Overalls
you can enjoy wearing?
and at the same time use the product of a
strictly Vancouver UnionjFactory
BUCK
OVERALLS AND SHIRTS
comply with every requirement and fill every outdoor wage-
worlten' need—Ask your dealer (or them
Wm. J. McMafter & Sons, Ltd.
MANUFACTURERS "
1176 Homer Street, Vancouver, B. C. PAGE TWO
THB BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY  .APRIL 18, 1918
The Royal Bank
of Canada
nrcoaroiATED less
-Paid-up Capital
•sservs
Total Assets
111.100,000
11,100,000
1180,000,000
THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published weekly by Tbe B. C. Feder-
atlonlst, Ltd., owned jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Counoll and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which ts afflliated 16,000 organised wage-
workers.
Issued every Friday morning,
President./. ..Jas. Campbell
Vice-President J. \V_ Wilkinson
Vice-President —S. McMIUav
Treasurer. ......J, H. McVety
Managing-Editor. tt. Parm. Pettipiece
Ottoai
wi allow nr-
VHMIT OV Dli
TOBZTS XV OTO
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
Oae Dollar will open
ths aeooaat, aad your
mulasss wui as wsl-
eeau bt it Urn or
TAveovY-sa
THE BANK OF
VANCOUVER
■tad Mm     -     Vancouver, B.C.
Authorised Capital 98,000,000
■nbaerlbad Capital i,l»,WC
MIA Up Capital     830,000
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed ln lt
by the people, and lt 1% always
ready and willing to extond every
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Yonr account wry cordially
■oUolttd.
OITT SBAHCVM *
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts.
Broadway    West    Branch,     Cor.
Broadway and Aah Sts.
Granville St.  Branch,  1146 Gran.
villa St     '
Pender   St.   Branch,   Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
CHAS.  G.   PENNOCK
General Manager.
W. E. JARDINE,
Assistant General  Maunder.
THE BANK OF
TORONTO  I
Capital & Reserve $11.000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
mid happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every Mossing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
WE OFFER TO YOU
for the safe keeping of your
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Bank that has been a monument of finanoial strength
since the year 1856
We receive deposits of $1
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446 Hastings St. West
Cor. Hairing* and Carrall Streets
VAMOOTJVKB,    -    -B.O.
WHEN ORDERING A SUIT
■See that tU Label is Sewed
io ihe Pockets
wmm
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0 ll stands (or all that Uniorf
Labor Stands (or.
Boom S10, Libor T.mpl.
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PHIDAY..... APRIL 18, 1913
mu PRINTING
with the LABEL on it
SEE US	
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Labor tempi*      M<-m Soy. 44S0
HATS
'Velours and Felts of all colore
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Where Everybody Goes
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THE    TRADE8    CONGRE88
AND POLITICAL ACTION
One of the most "-aifflcult problems
which organized later has to deal with
in all countries where it has acquired
amy numerical strength and prestige,
is the question of how to secure legislation in the interests at the working
class. As the unions gradually build
themselveB up, and having established
tbe necessary constitutional machinery by wblch to regulate their affairs,
they then apply themselves to tbe
study ot the evils wblch assail the
workers In their daily struggle (or
bread. Records and statistics are
gradually accumulated (rom the experiences of the members, and (rom the
lessons learned in the Industrial struggle, there gradually arlBe plans and
suggestions for improvement. One of
tbe methods by which the workers
seek to attain their desire for a larger
share of the product of their labor, is
the Strike.
Now when one is seeking to produce
a certain result, it Is a very desirable
thing that all the factors whloh enter
Into the proposition should be under
one's control. The (actors which determine tbe success o( a strike are,
chiefly, the bread reserve of the
strikers, and the ability or otherwise
of the employer to replace the men
who have gone on strike. And when
we remember that even when industry
Ib booming there Is still a portion of
the working class unemployed, and
when we remember also, that even
while tbe worker is in employment
be does not receive much more ln
wages than wtll enable him to buy the
bare necessities of life, It Is not to be
wondered that the strike as a means
of Improving working class conditions
has met with vigorous criticism (rom
those who have had experience of lt
It la seen by the workers that, even
though they may meet with success
as tbe result of a strike, yet when Jobs
become scarce tbat success is often
snatched away (rom them again, either
by wages being lowered, or by the
price ol life's neceesitles being raised.
And Anally It Is realised tbat tha|
atrlke bas no finality of effect, but
mat if abiding benefits are to be obtained tbey must be got by Impressing
tne lessons learned by the workers
from tbelr experiences in industry, upon tbe laws by which the affairs o(
the community are regulated.
The realization of tbis fact by the
more sane and deeper thinking portion of the organised labor movement,
lias resulted in the formation of such
bodies as the British Trades Union
Congress, the American Federation o(
Labor, and the Trades and Labor Con-
greso of Canada. All these bodies are
tprmed for the purpoie. of securing
laws ln the interests of the organised
workers.
In\ this country, the Trades and
Labor* Congress is the most lmportant-
ant and influential body which the organized workers have, and through
which they can express their legislative desires, it bas now attained considerable numerical strength, and the
question of whether or not lt would
result (rom the efforts of those who
formed it, is finally answered.
As each yearly convention gathers,
the work which has been accomplished
by the Congress, through the efforts
of its representatives, is careful; considered; and whilst lt Is agreed that
everything which can be done by
pressure trom outside the parliament
oouse at Ottawa has been done—and
well done too—yet the question Invariably comes up. "Why can we not
use our money and machinery to put
representatives Inside the house where
they will have more weight?" The
question Is a very natural one, but It
Is not bo easily--answered aa asked,
and before the Trades and Labor Congress can put forward candidates with
any hope of them being elected, the
whole question of the way in which the
CongresB Is constituted must he very
carefully analyzed and considered. It
must also be remembered that the
political name under which candidates
of the Congress would be run, would
have to be decided—and as we mentally picture a debate taking place on
the floor of the Congress, to decide the
point, we flnd It difficult to think that
the vote at the end would be unanimous. At the same time, we can quite
conceive of guileless Individuals saying, "Oh that's easy, we fill just call
em Trade Union Party candidates."
Out that is no answer, for when we
enter the political flght on behalf of
the working clasB, the term TradeB
Unionism does not mean any definite
kind of politics.
The question as it presents itself Is,
"is there anything ln tbe fundamental
principles which bind the Congress together, which requires that the Congress shall go into politics Independent of either the Liberal or Tory parties? And If bo, what must be the
name of tbe political party under
whose banner the Congress goes Into
politics?
Take the first question flrst. Wbat
Is the underlying principle which
binds the Trades Congress together?
The Congress Is a union of unions,
therefore the. pHnclple which brings
the unions Into the Congress must be
the same principle which brings the
Individuals Into the unions. Tho
unions are composed of bricklayers,
printers, carpenters, laborers, longshoremen, and so on. The bricklayers
loin the bricklayers' union because
they ale bricklayers and wish to
strengthen their economic position as
bricklayers.' The printers band themselves into a, union to protect their
economic interests as printers, and the
other trades for a like reason, accord
Ing to their various occupations. None
of these men join their unions because
they are Tories or Liberals or Laborltes or Socialists, but solely (or economic reasons, which are distinctly
different from political action.
A trade union Is a combination of
Individuals banded together for the
purpose of enabling tbem to sell their
skill as workmen at a better price,
and under better conditions, than they
could if they were all separated and
without a common understanding
among them as to wbat action could
be best taken by all in the economic
Interest of each. That is the underlying principle of a trade union, and
the Trades Congress, being built up
of unions, Is necessarily based upon
that principle; and any person or persons who take it upon themselves to
Bay that the Congress can be represented by any one political party, is attempting to Impose something upon
the membership of the Congress which
they were not asked to agree to when
they became'affiliated with it. Moreover he Is betraying the fact that he
does not realize that the struggle of
the working class for their fundamental rights as the producers of all
wealth Is dual in its .character—economic and political. The Trades Congress is an ecomonlc organization composed of men holding every variety of
political opinion, and If any portion of
that Congress thinks that the working
class should be represented by a par
tlcular school of political thought, .the
proper way for them to take action Is
not (rom within the Congress, but by
(ormlng a political party outside (or
the purpose of propagating their views.
Any attempt to commit the Congress
to the policy of any particular political
party, must either result ln failure, or
the partial disruption of the Congress,
because It is contrary to the basic
principle upon which the Congress ts
established.
This applies just as much to Social-
Ism aa it does to Toryism or Liberal-
Ism or Laborlsm. Neither has a Socialist got the right to Insist that a
workman should express his views by
voting the Socialist ticket. That
would be an unwarranted Interference
with the divine right of the worker to
SEN8E AND SANITATION.
According to Mr. E. E. Rittenhouse,
conservation commissioner of the
Equitable Lite Assurance Society,
$1,600,000,000 ia a low estimate o( tbe
annual economic loss from preventable
deaths ln the United States. The ex.
perience of Colonel Gorges and his
sanitary corps ln the Panama Canal
zone is a convincing demonstration
that good health is a purchasable commodity and that sickness can be insured against and prevented lt tbe
public is willing to pay enough (or
safeguards. The cost of accomplishing tbe wonderful saving of lives on
the Isthmus Is estimated at about
¥2.43 per person annually. In contrast with such figures, wblch compare favorably with familiar per capita expenditures for fire and police
protection and the conservation of material property, are the data relating
to the cost of the actual destruction
of mankind.
According to President Jordan ot
Stanford University It now costs on
the average about $16,000 to kill a
man in modern war, and in the Boer
war this expense ran up to nearly
<S4a,000. When it is recalled that ln a
time of peace we spend nearly a mill-
Ion dollars a day In our own country
on matters concerned with past or
(uture wars, it is comforting to know
that the saving of human life Ib far
cheaper than Its destruction.
Nations can afford to do their duty
In preparing against a foe like the
plague the danger of which is always
present and more ominous than war,
quite as well as they can raise funds
for defense against unlikely or avoidable human combats. Civilized nations
show a lack of perapective, to aay the
least, says the Journal ot the American Medical Association, when they
continue to destroy lite at high cost
OMAHA  UNION8  OFFERED  HELP
Immediately after the shock of the
disaster had somewhat abated, various
building trades unions in Omaha
passed resolutions offering their serv-
ces free to the needy on Saturday
afternoons and Sundays until the
wreckage was cleared.away. '
ln startling contrast to this action
is that of the real estate dealers all
over town who hailed the disaster aa
an opportunity to boost the already
high rente another notch. Their action created great public indignation,
but there is no report ae yet that they
have receded trom their-demands.
If the labor unions had ln like manner used this opportunity to raise
their wages, there would have been a
howl that could have been heard to
the moon, and every newspaper ln the
country would have made It first-page
copy with screaming headlines.  '
be stupid, and would be doubly stupid ____ __ „.„„„   .„„ _ „,„„
J? —ta.?8* If.*? ftS*?1*,P.?cau;!'KnFfairt7Ba7rit"at'a'iow cosTwhen
he ought to know better, whilst the
other fellow doesn't.
Some Socialists may not agree with
that view and will reply that Socialism Is the political expression of the
working calss—whether they are
trades unionists or not. In so doing,
however, they will be wrong.
To say that Socialism Is tbe political
expression ot the working class, would
be to give tbe working class, as a class,
credit (or Intelligence which .they have
not got. That Is proved by the (act
that the legislative assemblies of Canada are filled with Tories and Liberals
who are there because the working
class expressed themselves politically
by sending those men there.
Socialism is not the political expression of the working class, but It Ia the
political expression of the economic
interests of an enlightened and Intelligent working class.
Thus the difficulty of the Congress
entering actual politics on behalf of
the working class becomes more plain.
Of course, If it can be demonstrated
that a large majority of the membership of tbe Congress Ib in favor of
adopting Borne definite line of political
action, then the air will be cleared.
But until that point has been decided
it seems scarcely wise to run the risk
of endangering the-(uture welfare of
the CongresB which, in its present
form, has accomplished and will still
accomplish, a vast amount of Invaluable work on behalf of the organized
labor movement of this country.
MACHINE PROBLEM OF
THE GLAS8 BLOWERS
The glass bottle blowers are facing
a problem that confronted the hand
compositors some twenty years ago,
and frequent efforts have been made
by the bottle blowers' union to prevent the automatic device from wiping
out the demand for skilled labor.ln
the industry. The device which is
causing so. much harm among the
glass blowers, and which threatens to
revolutionise the bottle-making industry, was Invented in 1904 by a practical glass blower, it is absolutely automatic, not even requiring an operator. . In one hour lt can turn out as
many bottles as the efficient mechanic
can ln a whole day. The only disadvantage Ib that It is very expensive to
Instal and to keep In operation. This
one point gives the blowers a ray of
hope, but. the printers' experience
should have tbe effect of shattering
any such tendency on the part of the
bottle blowers, President Hayes, of
the bottle blowers' union, has advised
the members that lt ts useless to oppose the Installation of the machines,
even though tbey do"* not even require
an operator and will mean the vanish'
ment of the human blower. The glass
blowers must become reconciled to
their fate, aB modern methods ot manufacturing will surely prevail. President Hayes declares that the union's
only desire should be to* devise some
way, some sort of compromise, whereby the trade and only means of livelihood of glass bottle blowers who have
spent their lives ln the Industry Will
be saved from annihilation. The evolution from hand to machine typesetting carried with lt the consequent
hardships, but in the course of time
matters so adjusted themselves that
now in most instances there are more
men employed than under the old
regime. However, It Is hardly to be
hoped that such will be the result In
the glass bottle industry.
a combination of knowledge with
little national energy and international
co-operation will lead the way to hu
mane economics.
EMIGRANTS FROM BRITAIN
The annual report on the Immigrants Information office states that
28,160 letters were received in 1912, a
decrease of 6.9 per cent. Inquiries relating to the United States decreased
by 14.8 per cent,, and were only 1.4
per cent, of the total number of inquiries received. There was a net
movement (rom the United Kingdom
(or places out of Europe of 268,48b
passengers of British origin in 11)12 as
compared with 261,809 In Ull. Tbe
net movements to the various countries were as follows:
Place— 1912.
Canada  138,531
Australia
1911
134,766
66,337
9,432
49,732
7,527
New Zealand  11,054
United States 45,847
South Africa    4,233
There la an Increasing tendency, the
report says, on the part of the British
immigrants to proceed to other parts
o,i' the.Empire rather than to foreign
countries.
The number of Immigrants entering
Canada increased from 360,374 ln 1911
to 395,804 In 1912. Of the latter 146,-
859 were of British origin, 140,143 were
Americans and 109,802 were of other
nationalities. Thirty-four per cent,, of
the American settlers were of the
farming class, and the actual wealth
brought Into Canada by American Immigrants during 1912 exceeded £4,-
800,000.
"Oh, I see you are married," exclaimed the merchant.
"No, sir," replied the applicant for
ii position, "I got this scar In a railroad accident."
NEW WESTMINSTER TRADES AND
LABOR COUNCIL
The regular meeting of the above
body was held on April 9th ln Labor
Hall, Vice-President Cameron presiding.
The minutes ot the previous meeting
were read and approved.
An application for affiliation from
the newly organized local 558 of the
International Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers was accepted and credentials
for the following delegates (rom that
local were received and the .delegates
obligated, A. MacGregor, Fred Payne,
T. Cheney, Ben Sherwood.
Communications were read and disposed of—
The Local Council of Women. Re
ferred to new business.
Vancouver   Typographical     Union.
Filed.
B. C. Regalia Co.   Filed.
Vancouver Musicians' Union.   Filed.
Reports of Officers and Committees,
Organizer Knudsen   reported excellent prospects of organizing the Retail
Clerks, also Cooks and Walters ln the
near future.   He had also interviewed
the Musicians re sending   new delegates.  He was requested by the Electrical WorkerB' delegate to assist them
In getting the Inside electricians organized.
The committee on visiting unions re
organizer reported    not having   yet
beaf'd officially from the Street Railway Employes or tbe Barbers.
Reports of Unions,
Typos all working.
Bartenders absent,
Plumbers are probably 70 per cent,
working.
Clgarmakers all working.
Street Railway Employee about   aB
usual.
The 16c per capita for maintenance
of the organizer was voted down by a
large majority.
A. S. Carpenters all working.
; Barbers all working.   Magee's and
Walker's shops are atlll unfair.
Teamsters ,n bad 'Shape and are
much ln need of support from all
unionists In the city. The building
tradeB. and others were requested to
ask (or the teamsters' button on all
jobB.
U. B. Carpenters 90 per cent, working.
Painters 90 per oent. working.
Musicians absent.
Lathers absent.
Federal Labor Union report work
very irregular.
Electrical Workers report work
slack, though most of the local members are working.
The Painters' delegate reported that
they are prepared to aid In making up
any deficit In organizer's Salary though
not agreeing to give percentage of Initiation fee, feeling that this would be
taking unfair 'advantage of the other
unions.
New Business.
The communication from the Local
Council of Women asking for a list of
names ot pupils eligible for a commercial course ln the high school with a
view to starting a class, caused considerable discussion and the delegates
were on motion Instructed to bring up
the matter ln their unions and forward
all names to the secretary ot the council.
Business Agent Trainer of the Vancouver Hod Carriers, Builders' Laborers and Ordinary Laborers was given
the privilege of the floor and explained
at some length why the Federal Labor
Union should apply for a charter to
the Hod Carriers' International. He
was afterward referred to the Federal
Labor delegates to discuss the question. '
The Labor Day celebration then I
came up as a special order of business
and on motion of Del. Knudsen a committee of twelve was ordered elected
and the former committee was discharged with thanks.
The committee was elected as follows: Delegates Glbb, Knudsen, Grant,
Petrle, Hogg, Walker, Barclay, Lu-
gren, McWatters, Dodd, Sherwood and
Corrigan.
On motion the secretary was Instructed to notify the Royal Bank that
Vice-President Cameron Is authorized
to sign checks in absence of President
Stoney.
Moved and seconded that the matter
of organizer be left to the executive to
keep him in the field as long as possible.
The Electrical Workere want an
agreement with the city and It was
moved and seconded that this council
give the Electrical Workers Its moral
and financial support In securing this
agreement and that a special committee of two be elected to work ln conjunction with the Electrical Workers
to this end.- Motion carried.
Bills ordered paid:    B. C. Federatlonist card, three months, $3; organ
Izer's salary, one week, $30.
Receipts. $12,96.
D, B. GRANT,
Secretary.
900 Girls Now Out In Oliver Steel
Works.
"We can't live on $4 and $4.60 a
week," Is tbe statement of 700 girls
who joined the strike ot 200 in the
bolt department of the Oliver iron
and steel mill at Pittsburgh, Pa.
The girls who thread and screw nuts
on small bolts at 5 cents a thousand
make only that much, though a (ew
who make larger bolts make as high
as $6 or $7 a week, say the striking
girls, who Insist they will not go back
until they get a material increase (or
their ten hours' work.
Seventy boys have also walked out.
They are assistants to the "heaters"
and are paid 30 cents for each 2,600
bolts the heater turns out. The boyB
demand 35 cents.
Miners  Strike.
Approximately 850 miners, practically all those working underground on
the Cuyana range, (Minnesota, as well
as a tew score surface men, are. on
strike. The Kennedy mine at Cuy-
una, Nob. 1 and 2 at Ironton, and the
Thompson at Crosby, have ceased
hoisting.
A miners' committee of eight is acting ln an advisory capacity, and- a
meeting ot the mining companies Is
scheduled to take place.
Wages in Omaha.
The Western Laborer gives the
wage scales ot the building* trades of
Omaha, Neb., aB follows: Bricklayers,
70 cents; structural Iron workers,
56V4 cents; plasterers, 75 cents; lath'
ers, 50 cents; hoisting engineers, 40
cents and 50 cents; tile Betters, 66%
cents; plumbers, 68% cents; steamfltters, 68 2-3 cents; steamfltters' helpers, 25 cents; gasfitters, 68 23 cents;
carpenters, 50 cents; Btone cutters, 55
cents; marble setters, 56% cents;
painters, 50 Ocents; sheet metal workers, 42% to 67% cents; electrical
workers, 40 to 50 cents; roofers, 40 to
60 cents; cement workers, 62% cents,
and laborers, and hod carriers, 26 to
30 cents.   The eight-hour day prevails.
Winnipeg Tailors Get Raise.
Two hundred tailors who have been
on strike since April 1 went to work
again last Tuesday morning as the
result of an agreement reached between the strikers and the merchant
tailors whereby the men will receive
an Increase of 10 per cent on the previous price of piecework. The strikers
asked for an increase of 17 per cent
and were offered 8 per cent, and after
friendly exchange of letters the
above settlement was reached. The
friendliest relations were maintained
between the two parties throughout
the strike.
Hen Who Rely on the Spencer
Store for Their Spring Sujt
will find every preparation made to give
them the same sterling value for their money
as heretofore. In fact, we have excelled ourselves.
This spring we have found two new factories that have broken into the wholesale
world of clothing in Canada, and the old
adage of "new brooms sweeping clean" is
amply illustrated in the clothing we have
received from them.    ,
PARTICULAR MENTION IS MADE OF
THE NAVY SERGE SUIT AT $15
We honestly believe tbat it is the best value of its
class offering in the city. The material is soft finished
medium fine tjpill; the style is smart although quite conservative and the tailoring is flawless. You owe it to
yourself to Bee this clothing.
DAVID SPENCER, LIMITED
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
und Iron Ship Builders and Helper*
of America, Vanoouver Lodge No. l*i—
Meeta first and third Mondays, 8 p.m
President, F. Barclay, 868 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraaer, 1151 Howe Street.
C^ARMA^-IRS'    LOCAL,'   NO.    M7~
Meeta first Tuesday each month, 3
f.m. President, Geo. Gerrard; secretary,
tobert J. Craig, KurU Oi&ar Factor*;
treasurer. S. W. Johj-*<in.
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHER S\
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:80 a.m.
third Sunday in-month, Room 304. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 483, Vancouver. Local Hec.-treas., A, T. Oberg,
Box 482. or 1003 Burrard atreet.
i a. o.
NEW WESTMINSTER TRADES &
Labor Counoll—Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., In
Labor Hall. President R. A. Stoney:
flnanclal secretary, J, B, Chockley; general secretary, B. D. Grant. P. O. Box
934.   The public Is Invited to attend.	
'AMALGAMATE!) SOCIETY OF CARPENTERS AND JOINERS meets every
second and fourth Thursday of each
month In Labor Temple, corner of Royal
Ave. and Seventh St, at 8 p.m. President, J. L. Hogg, Han key Blk., Sapperton; Secretary, A. McDonald, 831 Royal
Ave., New Westminster.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS', LOCAL NO.
S21 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. President 8. S.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent, F. L. Est-
InRhaurten. Room 202.   Hey. 2348.
GLASS WORKERS' LOCAL, NO; 40—
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays
of each montn. President, J. Fox; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson; financial secretary, Wm. Wortonj secretary. A, O.
Hettler, 426 Duller In street. Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.
LONGSHOREMEN'S' INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 62—Meetn
every Friday evening, 133 Water street
President; G. J. Kelly; secretary, Thos.
Nixon, 138 Water street.
MACHINISTS', NO. 182—MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Chas. Mottlnson; recording
secretary. J. Brookes; financial secretary*
J. H. McVety,   Sey. 8360.   _
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
Union, Local No, 146, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 840
Robson street. President, J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, O.
P. Howett; treasurer, W. Fowler.
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
B, O. FEDERATION OF LABOR—
Meets In annual convention In January. Executive o.ucers, 1913-14: President, Christian Slvertz; vice-presidents,
J. Kavanagh, j; Ferris, A. Watchman, G.
A. Burnes. J. W. Gray, Jus. Cuthbertson,
J J, Taylor; sec.-tmin., V. R. Mldgley.
Box 1044, Vancouver.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meets first and third Thursdays,
Executive board: H. C. Benson, president: W. Manson, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, general secretary. Room 210
Labor Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer;
W. Foxcroft, statistician; J. Sully, ser-
geant-at-arms; F. A. Hoover, V. R.
Midgley, W. R. Trotter, trustees.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY. LTD.—
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J, H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. \V. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdoch McKenzle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free. -Manag
ing director, J.
Sey. 6360.
R. McVety, Room  211
ALLIED  PRINTING   TRADES   COUN-
OIL—Meets 2nd Monday In month.
President, Geo. Mowat; secretary, F. R.
giggling, P.O. Box 66.	
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
. penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 2908. Business agent. J. A. Key;
offlce hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to G p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
H. MoEwen, Room 209, Labor Temple,
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday In Room gOV
Iiatl-rltiMll
BAKERS* AND CONFEC-
tloners' Local No. 46—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. Preside!) t, J. Klnnatrd; nor-
responding secretary, vy.
Rogers, Room  220,  Labor
BARBERS' LOCAL, NO. 130—MEETS
second Thursday, 8:80 p. in. Presl
dent, C. Hald; recording secretary,
Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary • business
agent, C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple, Hours: 11 to 1; 6 to 7 p.m.
Sey. 1776!_
UARTENDEHH' LOCAL NO, 676.—Of
fice Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets
first nnd third Sundays of each tnontli
at 2.30 p.m. President, Wm. Laurie;
flnanclal secretary, A. MacDonald.
OPERATIVE PLASTERERS' INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATJON, No. 89-*-
Meets flrst and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. President, G..Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumpter; financial secretary, D. Scott; treasurer, I. Tyson; business agent, 13. R. Still. Phone
Sey. 1614.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANGERS' AND
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H. Murry; flnanclal secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St: recording secretary.
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 3;
business agent. W. J. NAgle.	
.STONECUTTERS'. VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, 8:00
p.m. President, J, Marshall; corresponding secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047
flnanclal secretary, K. MoKensle.
STEROTYPERS' AND ELECTROTYl1
ers' Union, No. 88, of Vancouver
and Victoria—Meets second Wednesday
of each month, 4 p.m., Labor Temple,
President, Chas. Bayley; recording secretary, Chris Homewood, 240 13th Ave.
East
PLUMBERS' and STEAM FITTERS' Local 496—Meeta every seeond and
fourth Friday of month in Labor Hall,
7:30 p.m. President, D. Webster; secretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 966, New
Westminster, B. C.
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-
pentors, Local Union No. 1689-*
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street. President, M. C. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B. C.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL 784—MEETS IN
Labor Temple, New Westminster, corner Seventh, street and Royal avenue,
every second Sunday of each month, at
1:30 p.m. President, P.' Paulsen; secretary, S. W. Jameson. Visiting brothers
invited.	
hwbiw uno wi.
K1MBEHLEY MINERS' UNION, NO. 100
Western Federation of Miners —
Meets Sunday evenings, In Union Hall.
President, R A. Hlnes; sec retary-tread-
urer, M P| VHleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
LADYSMITH MINERS!-UNION, LOCAL
No. 2388, U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, union Hall, 7 p.m. President, Sam Guthrie; secretary, Duncan
McKenzle, Ladysm'.th, B. C.
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U.M.W. of A.
—Meets every Sum?*-/ In District
Offlce, Vendome Hotel, at 7:80 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B. C.
ROSSLAND MINERS' UNION, NO. 38,
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday evening, In
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement Theatre for rent
President, Sam Stevens; secretary, Herbert Varcol, Box 421. Rossland, B. C.
TRAIL~MILL AND SMELTEBMEN'S
Union, No. 106, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:30 p.m. Preaident,
l Castellj. *     " *       ~
George v-«>iC.,.   ™vl„m,v
beil, Box 36, Trail, B. C.
secretary, Frank Camp-
Socialiit Party Directory
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division No, 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2 p.m., and flrst
.ind third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Scbofleld: recording ■ secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178, City rfffrhti
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover.
2409 Clark drlv*.
STEAM  ENGINEERS,  INTERNATION-
al Local 397—Meets every Wednos-
rflay, 8 p.m., Room 201, Labor Temple,
President F. Blumberg; flnanclal secretary, Wm. Byatt, Room SI6.
TAILORS, JOURNEYMAN TAILORS'
UNION OF AMERICA, Local No. 178
—Meetings held flrst Tuesday In each
month, 8, u.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; recording and corresponding secretary. W. W. Hocken. P. "O. Box 608;
financial secretary, L, Kakely, P. O. Box
C03. 	
TILE LAWYERS' AND'HELPERS', I.O-
cal No. 6"—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays each month, I p.m. President J. Knvnnagh; secretary, E. A. K
Morrison. 17R9 Eleventh Ave. E(i*t
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. 226—
Meets Inst Sunday each month, 2
p.m. President A. E. Robb; vise-president, A. IT. England; secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
_____________ ■■ O.
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OFCARPEN-
ters arid Joiners, Local No. 617,—
Meets Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 8
p.m. President, A, Richmond; recording
secretary, Arthur Paine, 306 Labor Tem-
dej financial secretary, G. W. Williams,
.06 Labor Temple; treasurer, L. W. D»
zlel, 306 Labor. Temple.   Phone Sey. 1380.
BROTHERHOOD     OF     CARPENTERS
and Joiners. South Vancouver Nn.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall. Twenty-first
and Fraser Ave,, first and third Thursday of each-month, 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, .1. W,
Dlckle-son; recording secretary, Thou,
Lindsay, Box 36, Cedar Cottage; fina-v
clal secretary, J, A. Dlckieson; treasurer.
Robt. Lindsay; conductor, A. Conahor;
warden, E. Hall.
BRIDGE"A&D" STRUCTURAL IRON
WORKERS' International Unlcn,
Local 97—Meets second and fourth Frl-
lay, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President
T. A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
733 Semlln Drive, phone Sey. 689,
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', N^., T
«„„ ~"£**•& *v_BrY Tuesday, 8 P.m., Room
307. President, Jnmes Haslett; coi-m*.
ponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
63; flnanclal secretary, F. R. Brown:
business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room
■515.   Say, 8799.	
BOOKBINDERS' LOCAL UNION NO.
■ 106—Meets third Tuesday In every
month, ln Room 206 Labor Temple.
President F. J. Milne; vice-president H.
Perry; secretary, George Mowat, 616
Dunlevy avenue.	
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO
218.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vice'-
orestdent, Geo. B. Motilton; recording
secretary, A. F. Gibson, Labor Temple;
financial sicretary, Robt Robinson:
treasurer, Harold T. Johnson; business
agent H. A. Jones, Room 207, Labor
Temple.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meets flrst and third Wednesday, Labor Hull. 731 Johnson street,
at 8 p.m. President, A. Watchman, secretary,  L.  H.  Norrls,  Labor Hall,  Vic*
torld,. B.C.  ■__	
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
pentors and Joiners, Victoria
Branch. Meets every Thursday, 8 b.'m.,
Labor Halt Johnson St, Victoria. Business Agent, B. Simmons. Office hours.
8 to 9 a.m,. 1:30 to 2:30, 4:30 to 6:80
p.m. Secretary, A. E. Wrench; offlce
hours, 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 6:30
p.m.; phone 2668, P. O, Box 770, Victoria, B. C.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE,
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every Sunday, 3 p.m., Finn Hall, 616 Main
street   J. H. Burroughs, secretary.
BRITISH     COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
nf Canada, meets every Sunday, 3 p.m.,
Finn Hall, 616 Main street.   J. H. Bur-
rouglis, seeMary.        '	
LOCAL SANDON, B.C., NO. 36, S. P. OF
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30
i.m. in tne Sandon Miners' Union Hall.
Communications to be addressed Drawer
K, Sandon, B, C.
VANCOUVER LETTISH LOCAL NO.
58, 8. P. of c—Holds Its business
meetlnfs every first Sunday tn . the
month, and educational meetings every
third Sunday In the month In Room
211, Labor Temple.
LOCAL. NELSON, S. P. of C, MEETS
every Friday at 8 p.m., In Miners'
Hall, Nelson, B. C.    I. A. Austin, Sec-
retary.
LOCAL VANCOUVER OF SOCIAL
DEMOCRATIC PARTY — Meete
for business and propaganda every
Tuesday at 8 p.m. ln Dominion HaU, Pender St Public meetings In Dominion Theatre, Granville St. Sunday evenings. Secretary, O, L. Charlton, City Market,
Main street
^^i^a|
of America  rijy
Sim** mm rmm*mt**»miL
Short Lessons in
HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know tbat Tungsten lamps give three times
the amount of light obtained from a oarbon lamp
rith the same consumption of current?
Would it not bo advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting?
After you have considered the abovo queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter clerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary carbon lamp.
For the convenience of our oustomers we
oarry a full line of Tungsten lamps of an
approved type in stock
Carrall snd
Hastings Street
B.G.ELEGTRIG
VANCOUVER, B. C.
1138 Granville St.
near Davie mmkymmmmm^m
FRIDAY  APRIL 18, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE THBjB.
New Spring Suitings
AT POPULAR PRICES
Every new weave that promises to be acceptable has been
placed in stock here—every design that women of good
. taste would seek. The assortment is very extensive and
includes many fine values.  These three, for instance:—
Bi-color Bedford, 44 Inches
wide, $1 per yard. Comes ln
alternate cream and black,
cream and navy, cream and
grey, and cream and. brown.
Novelty Bolting, 54 Inches
wide, 81.25 per yard. Shown
ln an lndlstlnet skeleton
check, on brown, tan, sane
blue, grey or mushroom foundations.
'Orey Serge Suitings, 11.28 to'
82 per yard. The best assortment of these popular materials we have ever shown.
Come'In plain weaves, also In
hair line and chevon stripes.
Values are better than before,
<£nr&ott
575 Granville Street
, Ciinttri
Vancouver, B. C.
Campbell's Clothing
For Spring, embraces absolutely every good feature possible—good materials, good workmanship, good fit. good style and good patterns.
To Look Is to Buy
COME AND HAVE A LOOK
.cam*,.., i CHAMBERS f1^^"
Clothing Man I
St. East"
J-
MES STARK?,aoNS
■ASTntOB IT. WEST
LIMITED
Bstwssa AbDott MS OUCTtll.
Charming Assembly of New Spring Suits for Women
The most bewitching styles that -ever a spring haa seen are here on
display. Some of them in our window today. The unusual beauty of
these new spring suits la ln a great measure due to the superior quality of
materials, perfect workmanship and colors, which make, them the moat
attractive nulla we have ever shown. Practicability is the great feature
of these garments, They are designed ln the newest and moat up-to-date
styles; smartly tailored, dulntlly finished and most becoming to all women.
A Few Distinctive Models Are Briefly Outlined Here
Smart navy tailored suits, of fine .
French serge with semi-fitted
coats, notched collars and revers.
The coats are cut with either the
new straight or cut-away fronts,
; with Breast pocket and lined with
grey satin. Skirts are ln two-
punel styles, showing new side effects. Price  935.00 and |30.00
Handsome suit of light grey
Bedford cord. The coat is cut on
straight Unes with two-button fastening nnd rounded front, coat collar und black satin revers, three-
button fastening, lined with
grey satin. .Neatly cut skirt,
allowing pleats on aide gores.
Price 938.00
Dressy tan suit, made of the new
plplin material. The coat shows
cut-away front end fancy shaped
back, collar and cuffs, smartly
trimmed with cream and brown
Eponge, two-button fastening,
lined with tan messaltne. The
skirt Is made with high waist line
nnd new wide front.   Price 9*0.00
Fancy black and white Bedford
cord suit. The eaat has a slightly
cut-away front, fancy shaped collar and Mac kaatln revers, three-
button fastening, tailored • sleeves
with fancy cuffs, lined with grey
satin..- Four-pieced skirts with
panel front and back. Price 930.00
Stoves MP Ranges
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and' Contractors' Supplies
W.R. OWEN
2337 MAIN 8TREET.
PHONE FAIR. 447,
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE STREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
?ouyr Pip-arQ tobaccos
your -oig-ars MAGAZINES
at the Labor Temple Cigar Store and Newsstand
"The Smiling Scotchmen on the Job"
Honest and Artistic
Dentistry
The most scientific and
up-to-date-metliodB
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION TRUST BLDG.
Open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
RING   UP   SEYMOUR   2354   FOR   APPOINTMENT
101-4 BANK OF OTTAWA BUILDING
602 Hastings Street West
DR. BRETT ANDERSON.-Den/ts/
tj Operates by the latest, most scientific and painless methods
Specialist in Crown, Bridge, Plate and Gold Inlay Work
Hours 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
$t PER ACRE
TERMS; Residence on .the land (or at least
.two years; improvements to ihe extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two .
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in  ■
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
PORCUPINE STRIKE NEW8.
Rex vs. William Holowaskawe.
This Is an appeal from tbe conviction made by Mr. Thomas Torrance,
Police Magistrate, on 'die., 21st January, 1913, under which defendant was
convicted under section 60 of the "Industrial Distputes Investigation Act,
1907," and being Chapter 20 of 6-7, Edward VII., for inciting to strike contrary to the provisions of the "Act"
By this Is meant according to section
66 a strike wblch is unlawful by reason of an employe going on strike "on
account of any dispute prior to or
during a reference of such dispute to
a Board of Conciliation and Investigation under, the provisions of the 'Act'"
There is a lengthy clause, Section 2,
Sub-section (E), which defines the
meaning of the word "dispute," the
effect of which Is that it means "any
dispute or difference between an employer and one Or more of his employees" as to certain things therein
generally stated or to any other things
therein specifically mentioned, such as
wages, hours, of employment, materials
supplied and alleged to be bad, unfit
or unsuitable, established custom or
usage, Interpretation of agreement
and other matters.
It was not proved before me, nor
was Unnecessary to prove tbat .there
was any reference to a Board of Conciliation, or that there was any request for the same. Rex. vs. McGulre
16 O.L.R. 622.
The evidence showed that the flrst
sign of dispute was the strike Itself,
or rather the Inciting by the defendant of the strikers. The strike followed the Inciting. As the prosecutor
stated, the strike came to him with so
much surprise that It Was like a thunder-clap. It appears that there Was
no demand for Increased wages, shorter hours, of labor, or anything of any
kind until the defendant called upon
the men to strike. This was the very
beginning of the dispute. There cannot be a dispute or difference unless
there are two parties who dispute or
differ with one another. It may be,
and without doubt must have been the
case here, that the strike was preconcerted among the men, though there Is
no evidence that this was so. But
stating lt as strongly for the prosecution as possible and allowing that the
strike was the result ot a previous
understanding among the men, still
matters did not reach a stage where
there was a demand by the men for
better terms and a refusal by the employer the Holllnger Mines Company,
of what the men asked. When such a
demand and a refusal were not made,
can it be said that there was any.
"dispute" until the strike Itself created
the dispute? If the answer be that
there was no dispute until the strike
itself, then will come the necessity of
answering another question. Did the
men go on strike "on account of any
dispute," to quote the words of Section 66T
In my opinion the defendant Is not
brought within the "Act" as an offender under Sections 66 and 61 for the
reason that the strike was not on account of a dispute. To hold otherwise would be to eliminate the words
"on account of any dispute" from Section 66. .If these five words were not
In the section then It would be clear
that the defendant by his Inciting was
guilty of an offense,
The "Act" when framed might have
heen so framed with or without these
words. One cannot assume that they
were placed in the section without lt
being Intended that they were to have
a meaning, and perhaps were Intended
for a purpose. Possibly it was considered that when a strike comes like
a bolt out of the blue Instead of like a
storm of which there Is premonition,
there Is not the danger to the peace of
the community that would be endangered by the antecedent mutterlngs.
Another consideration is that penal
statutes must receive a strict construction.
The conviction ts quashed with costs
to be paid by the prosecutor to the defendant, which costs I flx at 1150.00.
Rex. vs. Croft.
The reasons   In the Holawaskawe
case apply ln this case with costs to
be paid by the prosecutor to the defendant, which costs I fix at $50.00.
Rex vs. Peter Clear!'.
There Is a difference in the circumstances of this case from those In the
Holowaskawe case.   The. Inciting was
done after the strike had started,
confirm the conviction.   The cost of
the anneal, which T fix. at $50.00, are to
be paid by the defendant to the prosecutor.
March .list, 1913.
(Signed)     J. J. KEHOE, J.
This is a duplicate of a copy certified by O. A. D. Murray, Clerk of the
Court,-April 9th. 1913.
WAGE WORKERS'FORUM
ODE TO A BUN.
O Mess of Dough!
The baker's recklessness
Has added unto thee
A currant, maybe two.
And yet to me. thou art'
The unattainable—
For I have not the silver/
Well for thee!
Wer't fnncy; or didst really
Leer at me;
Can thou, O bun, sense my
Impotency?
rift have I spurned thee;
And now tliy turn has come.
Oo to lt, Inuqh, and jeer me
Thou beautiful spotted one.
T/mg may thy memory, linger,
Should the future bounteous be,
'Twere well for me to remember
Thou art really more use thnn me.
Man In his erotism
May laugh at these lines Inspired,
Not by an Ideal lofty,
But a stomach, empty, tired.
—F. C.
Cumberland, B.C., April 11, 1913.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist.
Dear Sir: Would be much obliged
If you can find space in your paper to
run the following article.
Many are the explanations of the
causes of'the trouble which Is still
going on in Cumberland and ladysmlth. . The editor of the Islander and
other paid pen-pushers ot the parasites
are vying with each other ln placing
the blame everywhere but where lt
rightly belongs, In the Islander, which
is subsidized by the company, and
edited by Ed. Blckle, can be seen contradictory statements saying that Mot-
tishaw wks the cause of it, or that
Smith was the oause ot It or that
some one else: caused lt, while the accusing fingers of the prostituted hirelings of the Coal Company are now
pointing and threatening some one of
tho miners, saying that he and he!
alone was the oause of lt. But grim
and silent the figure walks on defiant
and unashamed of himself. Although
within him the avenging specter arises,
wblch causes bim to reflect over the
wreck and ruin of the many wasted]
years which he has spent In the dark
and damp underworld. He at last has
turned, like many others, through
being hounded to death and desperation, smarting under the lashes of the
official puppets, who have goaded him
along for the' protection 'of dividends.
Now, Mr. Editor, I think that lt Is
time that some one should correct
these statements, which are erroneous,
and place them where they rightly belong and not on the poor deluded miners who were at the bidding of the
petty slave drivers. But they should
be placed at the door ot those insatiable and blinded blood-suckers who.
the mines; those unseen vampires who
control the government, should be
brought out into the broad light of day.
They should be made to face the scorn
for their dismal despotism of the black
past, from which they have survived.
As lt Is they are unseen and are thousands of miles away, where they are
secure and safe, living In luxury.
While we as miners in Cumberald and
Ladysmlth with wives and families are
struggling and fighting for a mere existence. Of course they have left In
their, places working-class hirelings,
who are dying and lighting, for the
protection ot dirty dividends, and they
have to face the wrath of the hounded
miners. But the mine owners who
pull the strings are the ones who
should be held accountable. It has
even been said and printed .n different
papers that the fighting miners are
recruited from the foreign element,
the Imported scum of Europe's proletariat, that they are different from the
w.orkers of the mining camps and more
Ailed with criminal Impulses. This
statement Is nothing hut a false unvarnished lie. If the miners of these
cities are characterised by any one
quality more than another, It Is a long
suffering (patlenoe). A good Illustration can be given as to their patience,
sb practically all of the foreign element lived ln company%ouses, and In
raising their voices to protest against
the whims of the coal barons, received
eviction notices, which they readily accepted and adhered to without a murmur. Insults, arrests, illegal repression of vested rights and discrimination have been heaped upon the people
of Cumberland and Ladysmlth, that
now they are united to resist as best
they can the Industrial despotism that
has been crushing them to starvation
and death. They are giving other
cities of this province an example of
their'solidarity and splendid courage,
which Is goading the coal barons and
their hirelings to desperation. Th.is
sctrlke has been on for seven months
and the men of the camps are more
determined than ever to win, and win
they will. This will probably be the
best Industrial light ever waged In Canada, and although they have used
every weapon which the capitalist
class could buy against the men of
these camps, It has never shattered
their firmness, like the Porcupine
miners and the Britannia miners.
They have had the provincial police,
with the aid of special policemen, sent
to Cumberland and Ladysmlth to protect the peace, but we find they are
being used to defeat the workers ln
their efforts to throw off the yoke of
Industrial bondage, by harboring and
forcing aslatlcs to work. We have
others who have Prostituted their manhood, such as detectives, thugs, Pin-
kerton spies, Judges, etc., who have
corrupted the courts by selling themselves, to be hurled at the little group
of miners In their struggle for an existence. Still they have, not been
crushed as the poor fools thought they
would be by flooding these camps With
these degenerates. It has made the
men more determined to flght till the
victory will be theirs. This Is what
the greed of the mine owners has resulted In. Seven months' rest for the
strikers, expense for the coal barons,
as the scabs are not producing enough
coal to cook their own meals.
Yours for Justice,
A STRIKING MINER.
NEW ZEALAND -
Arising Ont of the defeat 'of the Federation of Labor at Walhl, and the
universal dissatisfaction among organized workers at the working of the
Arbitration Act an Important conference was held In January, at which
over 80 unions were represented and a
platform was adopted for uniting the
"federatlonlsts" and "arbltratloniats.
This platform Is now being considered
by the unions', and. will be discussed
at a further conference In July. It la
proposed ta call the new body the
United Federation of Labor," but politically it will be called the "Social-
Democratic Party," wltb as Itl object
the abolition of the wages system by
the "socialisation of the collectively-
used means of production, distribution
and exchange." The platform will Include the usual Labor legislative proposals. The matter of registering or
not registering under the Conciliation
and Arbitration Act Is to be left to tbe
option of eaclj union, but any new
union seeking registration'In succession to a union which has cancelled lta
registration Is to be opposed. The
slaughtermen In their recent strike discovered how to engineer and oarry out
a strike without Incurring penalties
under the act.
Some Strike.
The I. W. W. "General Strike" of
Ihe tailors ln Seattle took the following chronological order;
First day member discharged;
Second day, pickets arrested;
Third day, general strike called;
Fourth ,day, appeal for a sympathetic strike'of A, F. of L. unions;
Fifth day, appeal for funds;
Sixth day, strike collapses.
History will record this Industrial
upheaval in which seventy-one men
nnd one woman participated as another of the strikes "the I. W. W.
never lost" Verily, lt Ib to laugh!—
The Timber Worker, Seattle.
The Nebraska House of Representatives has defeated a bill for a Constitutional amendment granting the
ballot to women.
The St. Paul local union of Electrical Workers has decided to open a
vocational training school for electrical workers.
BUFFALO CAR STRIKE      ____
WILL BE SETTLED
The strike of the motormen and conductors of tbe elty and suburban lutes
of the International Railway Company,
Buffalo, N. Y„ was settled on Friday,
April Hth. In arriving at a basis of
settlement both sides made concessions. The company officially consented to confer at the mayor's offlce with
President William D. Mahon of the car-
men's unton, and the men receded from
their demand that after the resumption,of the service the negotiations on
hours and wages for wblch the men
struck should be carried on wltb a
committee of the union.
The basis of the settlement provide!
that all employees who were In the
service of the company on the Saturday preceding the day the strike began
shall be returned to the service In the
positions tbey held at that time; that
within five days tbe company will take
up with the committee of employees
all complaints, grievances and the
working conditions for the future, Including the question of reinstating all
men discharged within the last thirty
days. It provides for the .appointment
of the flrst two arbitrators within 48
hours, they to select, a third within
five days. In case of failure to select
the third arbitrator within the specified
time, tbe mayor will become the third
arbitrator. At all hearings before tbls
board either side may be represented
bv anyone they desire. The findings
of a majority of the board shall rule.
Editor. B. C. Federationist—Re
Direct Actionlsm, Trades Unionism
Syndicalism and Socialism. Whilst
there may be a few more "Isms" In
the organized labor movement of today, thoy are but sections of the four
nbovo mentioned organisms. In dealing with and endeavoring to explain
the obJectH ot these bodies, and the
results to be obtained from their efforts towards the emancipation of the
working class, the writer will be as
brief as possible.
Direct Actlonlsts, or, as probably
better known, the I. W. VV., bave made
their presence known and felt during
the last few years In this country
Their intentions are to organize all
bodies and classes of workers not al
ready organised, and their platform
"to discard political action and to take
possession of the machinery of production by force." Now, In view of
the fact that tbe army, the navy, the
militia, the police, and all other powers, are In the hands of the capitalist
class, to take, or even dream of tak'
Ing, possession of the machinery of
production by these methods, see
to be, to say the least of It, a suicidal
policy.
The policy of violence Is, according
to all the laws of nature, a crime,
chief amongst Its ev|ls being, that not
only does It destroy property, and occasionally life, but has a deferent Influence on the labor movement Itself.
An organisation whose policy Is a
destructive one may, for a short time,
meet with a certain measure of sue.
cess, but to dream of lt ever accomplishing lasting advantages for the
working class Is folly. Impatience at
results obtained by political parties, Is
mainly responsible for the Introduction of this form of organization.
Trades Unionism and the part it
plays In society Is the next theme
Appeal to Reason Sues for Damages.
Suit tor 1200,000 damages, alleged to
have been sustained by the publication
in the Kansas City Star that the Appeal to Reason, the great Socialist
weekly of Qlrard, Kan., had suspended
publication, has been filed by Fred D.
Warren, managing editor.of the Appeal. Tbe Kansas City Star, March 21
of last year,' printed a story telling, of
the paper's suspension. The story was
relayed by the Associated Press to all
of the newspapers ln the United States
receiving that news service.
Printers Send Relief.
The flrst contribution to the relief
fund for the Ohio sufferers In the flood
stricken districts to come from the National capital was made when the
Washington Plate Printers' Union unanimously voted to send $1000.
„ Hen's Real Optimism.
The next great step ln American
politics Is the elimination of Socialism.—Washington Post.
, At a cost of approximately |50,000
the International Typographical Union
will construct an smusement building
and auditorium at the Union Printers'
Home In Colorado Springs, Colo.
A greedy mortal In the labor movement Ib ho better than a greedy employer, In fact he Is more abhorrent,
because ln the ranks ot labor he must
of necessity be also a colossal hypocrite deceiving his fellows. There Is
no room ln the movement for such
creatures.
As a safeguard against reduction ot
wages, sweat shops and other tyrannical abuses by employers of labor, to
have membership with a union which
is ready to strike when conditions
warrant such a course, Is necessary.
To the trades union movement can
be attributed shorter hours, higher
wages, and a host of other reforms.
Some, of the methods adopted by
the latter organizations, are advocated
and practiced by the Direct Actlonlsts,
viz., the strike and the boycott; but
whilst the I. W. W. propose direct action, sabotage etc., those best trained
in organized thought and action In the
TradeB Unions endeavor to better
their conditions on the Jobs by the
strike and boycott whilst at the same
time, they build up their power by
political action.
True, tbere are many In the ranks
of the tradeB unions who do not yet
realise the power of the ballot, but
that knowledge Is being gradually Instilled Into their minds.
Syndicalism, of French origin, haB
met with no small measure of success
In the European countries, but Is still
In Its Infancy In this country. Not
being a separate movement, but one
which may become part of the other
organizations, the writer does not feel
disposed to unravel its mysteries.
Socialism, the last great "Ism," the
emancipator of the most degraded of
ail systems, the present wage-system,
should strike a sympathetic chord In
the hearts of all members of the working class,
The platform of the Socialist Party
stands for the only sane and sure
method of changing the present system, with its white slavery, unemployment, starvation and Innumerable
other evils, viz., by means of the bat
lot, yet thousands upon thousands do
not realise It.
However, the dawn of Intelligence
Is breaking, and gradually class Interests are making tholr presence known.
The day Is not far distant when
the working class, although at present
taking various different routes, towards the attainment of an Improvement In the present system, will finally, through the oppression of capital-
lam, shake off the shackles, which for
centuries have bound them and vote
unitedly for working class ownership
of nil things.
Feudalism was not destroyed In one
day, but by the Introduction and development of the machinery of production, In like manner will wage
slavery be abolished, by such changes
sb will be ot advantage to the producers of all wealth—the working
class.
H. J. McEWEN.
THE  "REAL BARGAIN'
Hardware Store
OFiQUALITY AND QUANTITY
Ton will alwaya find bargains here in Shell* Hardware,
Cutlery,. Mechanics' Tools, Enamelware, Stores'sod
Rangea.
A few of the real bargains in Mechanics' Tools this week;
Carpenter Aprons, 7-pocket with
legs  75c
Carpenter Aprons, 7-pocket with
i traps ..._   _7&e
6, 7 and 8-ln. Insulated Lt teman
Plyers, reg, values to $2.00, all
slse*...... .'._.™~^..:..75c
6-in. Combination Plyers, reg.
60o, for . i. .40c
Mn. Gas Plyers, reg. (So f0r..4So
•-'-in. Gas Plyers, reg. 95c for..60o
6-in. Bell Hangers Plyers, rejt.
86c for ■_  Ho
Mn. Ball Hangers Plyers, reg.
11.50 tor - 75e
Wn.  Combination Plyers, reg.
75c tor 4te
li-ln.  Combination Plyers, reg.
$1.00 for He
Disston Brlek Trowels, all sizes,
reg. f 100 tor  $1JS
«. 7 and 8-lncb ComUnattoa a—-
ery Oil Stones, rag. value to
(.1.00, all sine.... ....__J»e
H
ONIG STORE
LIMITED
56-60 HASTINGS STREET EAST
Phone Seymour 3472-3473
s
Hardware and Tools
fl, A splendid stock of the beet in the world's market.
We make a specialty of supplying every need and requirement of the artisan in our line.
McTAGGART & MOSCROP
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 654
SHOES FOR MEN
Shoae for Service
Shoae  for Oreaa
_.        _   Shoos for Contort
Shooa for Ewarr Hoqtoirosnait
We've picked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're at the servioe
of every man who desires the best shoes his money can buy.
Wl    OvR P   204 MAIN STREET
•   )•    V/V*V  IV       ^Opposite theJ3tyHa&
S\. Named Shoos Aro frequently
 ^^0T A-SwCr* Mm*9 ,n Non-Union Factories
V^ERSUNIfV DO NOT BUY ANY SHOE
* ■ •- 'no matter what its name, unless it bears, a
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot 0_ Shoo Workers' Union
246 Summer Street. Boston, Haas.
J. P. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. liaine, Sec.-Treas.
UNIOj^TAMPl
[acrofy
Get Your Money's Worth
v.'c,   C*«
BEST  IN E
CVGIV*^
Patronize Home Industry
BY ASKING
FOR THIS •
ON YOUR
PRINTING
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
'Work with the President and
the President worts with you"
VrssiasBt SusteMen Ouanwteee
Heidelberg Beer
For the quiet hour of rest there's nothing
better. It nourishes body and brain, and
puts an end to that "tired feeling." It's a
safe habit to drink CASCADE. It's a
habit that won't "get you."
Ask your dealer for a dosen bottles
British Columbia Breweries, Ltd. PAGE POtJB
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
nUDAT......„.  APRIL 18, 1912
Money-Saving Prices
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
House Furnishings
See the Provinoe and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and -
address for a oopy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
JAEGER
UNDERWEAR
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mis?
take in buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
* COMPANY, LIMITED
M6 Hastings W.  SN Granville
.   SIS Haatinge W.
How About That Photo
You Promised Yonr Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main St. Formerly at 440
TAWCOtTTIB, B. ft
MULGAHY'S CAFETERIA
THE BEST OF
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street VV.
Basement Hotel Cordova
HEATERS
Stoves and Nice Warm
RUGS
for the oool weather at
W. TURNER
8*7 Granville Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745
QQWITH
THE
BUNCH
TO THE
BRUNSWICK
POOLROOMS
HASTINGS
Furniture Co.
LIMITED
Wide-Awake Furniture
Company, Limited
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3867
Is your name on tbe new voters'
list?
Mr. Union Man
. Here is the place to
buy a union-made
HAT
We oarry the largest
assortment of union-
made bats in
SOFT
STIFF
TWEED
VELOURS
—IN CANADA
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Comer Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
$2.00 HaU
wonnas smotna bud
^SOCIALIST
STANDARD
OSelal organ of *B» Socialist! Fertj
tt Omm Britain
Head Offlce: lit Grays Inn Road,
London, England.
Subscription aatsei
li months....40c       The "Western
 ;      Clarlon"descrlb-
Single copies »c    *",S.,*per ltttbe
E. BURNS
Auctioneer and
Commission Dealer
Open to oonduct sales anywhere In elty, Goods received
and sold on commission. Weekly
auction sales ot tools, furniture
and household effects held every
Saturday afternoon and evening
at our Salesrooms.
135 CORDOVA STREET EAST
Near Main St
PHONE SET. 1S79.
FOR EXPERT
WATC H.
and Jewelery
REPAIRING
.    CALL AND SEE
Geo. G. Bigger
143  Hastings  Street  West
A Credit to Union Workmanship
5c
5c
CIGARS
Tbe eight hour nil! (or women e
ployed ln the District of Columbia
failed to pass ln the Sixty-second Congress. It is predicted tbat lt will become a law ln the next congress.
She—There . ought to be a heavy
penalty Imposed upon every married
man with half a dosen children.
He—There is. He baa. to support
them.
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 798
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Circles,
"la. Blojrel. with the Bepatatloa"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
sis MASimos s». a.
 rtoat Ssjaioat TSOS
Union
Tailoring
Union Men, Support
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Q When you buy your suits
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employ union workmen only.
•J In dealing with us you ate
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
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-  DATE STYLES
AMERICAN
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COMPANY
62  HASTINGS ST,  EAST
VANCOUVER.    B.  C.
THE LESSON OF THE PARIS
E
A general strike is no use. The
next revolutionary attempt in France
will meet the army of order, and will
have to flght ln accordance with all
the rules of military strategy and
tactics. And the revolutionaries are
sure to be defeated If they are unable
to raise an army equal ln numbers, -in
technical skill, and ln military spirit
to that of the enemy. The hUtory ot
the last Insurrectionary attempt made
ln France ln 1871 affords us cruel
lessons on this subject, on which our
generation should reflect. It Is the
commoa opinion in revolutionary circles ot those who study and think
that the Commune failed because the
economic conditions necessary to success were not realised la 1871. There
was not, lt Ib said, either a sufficiently
strong working-class movement nor a
sufficiently large industrial or commercial concentration to enable the
Paris of 1871 to be Interested or passionate enough for a social revolution
which was not ripe, This Is true If
we fall Into the vulgar error of representing the Commune, of Paris as a
Socialist Insurrection. But, really, the
Commune was almost exclusively a
patriotic and republican Insurrection,
due to the rage of defeat and to the
fear of a monarchical restoration.
The Commune was the work of those
ln favor of war a outrance, who, during the siege of Paris, had complained
that Trochu, the governor of the
besieged capital, had not shown sufficient energy In -trying to break
through the German lines. These men
Were workers, small shopkeepers,
small capitalists, whose only political
and social Ideal was the programme
of Gambetta at Belleville ln 1869—that
Is to say, the democratic and secular
republic. Now, this republic was ripe
in 1871, and If we did not obtain lt this
was owing to the military Incapacity
of the Commune, and to that alone.
This Is a sad story, which, on
March 18 eaoh year, should, be told to
the people when they celebrate tbe
anniversary of the Communist movement.
During the siege there was only one
Army Corps in Paris, composed pf
some troops belonging to General
Vlnoy's Corps, which had managed to
escape from Sedan, and some sailors
quartered in the forts. The bulk of
the garrison was the people ln arms,
formed Into battalions of the National
Guard, with elected chiefs, who were
chosen far more on account of the
ardour of their political opinions than
tor their valour or their military skill.
Tbe excited people ln Parts .thought
that these National Guards made up
by enthusiasm for their lack of military skill. People Uked to recall the
example ot the volunteers of '9!!, forgetting that ln 1792 the Improvised
soldiers had gone into battle supported by regular soldiers, or after forma-*
tlon of regiments, composed of one
battalion Ot regulars with two battalions ot. National Guards, so that the
non-commissioned officers and tbe officers were men having had a regular
training. Trochu, who knew the facts,
always looked upon the National
Guard as being quite Incapable to resist the German troops.
The military history of the Commune shows too well that he was
right. As soon as the National Guard
was alone, when it had not the support of the regulars which at Cham-
plgny at Hontretout and at Buzenval
had enabled it to do some good on the
Held of battle deprived of chiefs having some military skill, It Is only a
flock ot sheep—a flock of honest sheep
but still a mere Bock. Just consider
these facts, Thiers, head of the Executive Government appointed by the
National Assembly of Bordeaux, now
sitting at Versailles, deolded to disarm the National Guard. On March 18,
(By GCSTAVB HBRVB.)
1871, a body of regular troops tried to
seise by surprise the guns ot the National Guard at Montmartre. The National Guards In the .neighborhood rose
and surrounded the soldiers; the 88th
Regiment fraternised with' the revolt,
ed people, two. generals were shot, and
the other regular troops were Instructed to retire to Versailles. They did
this ln disorder—demoralised, Insult-'
Ing their officers, abandoning the forts
they occupied (those of the North and
of the East were occupied by the Germans In accordance with one of the
clauses of tbe capitulation). They
even evacuated the Mont valerlen, the
fort which commanded the road tb
Versailles,
The Central Committee, composed
of delegates from each battalion, was
the only.power since the end of the
siege; It neither foresaw nor prepared
anything, and no Individual Initiative
supplied Its place.- M. Thiers and all
the other leaders were not arrested,
and the Mont Valerien was not occupied. This Is tbe weakness of spontaneous movements, which, It there is
no direction, like there was on July
14, 1789, to organise anarchy, to turn
chaos into order, allows all to go
wrong; When It'was noticed that the
Mont Valerlen had foolishly not been
occupied. It waa too late; the generals
of Versailles, In spite of the disorder
of their army, thought about lt, and
on the evening ot the 19th lt was garrisoned strongly by Versailles,
A fortnight elapsed. The Insurrectionary party appointed a General
Council of the Commune; a quarrel
took plaoe among the members, ln
accordance with French revolutionary
precedents, between Jacobins, Federalists, Blanqulsts, and Internationalists. -But they did not seem to think
about the flght with Versailles any
more than If March 18 had not taken
place. They did not even take the
elementary precaution of arming the
ramparts or of making an Inventory of
the guns Or of the ammunition, No
one seemed to think that, having
started an Insurrection, and having
shot two generals, lt was advisable to
have .an efficient army. Alas there
were men, more than 200,000, and
many rifles and guns. Only leaders
were wanting.. There, were, lt Is true,
generals In brilliant uniforms with
plumes in their hats, but that was not
sufficient; something more was needed.    .-'..";
At' Versailles Thiers and his generals got an army together at Satory;
the men were demoralised, but they
were put under strict discipline; they
were made to train, and they were reinforced by the prisoners from Germany. In a fortnight those men had
become an army—that is to say, an
Instrument ot precision having a soul.
On April 2, on a fine Sunday, while
the Parisians were going out peacefully for tbelr usual Sunday walk,
heavy firing was heard.- They listened
,a a half sort of way; no doubt It waa
the Germans celebrating some festival. It was the/army ot Versailles,
which had set out, and was attacking
the western aide of Paris, driving
back in disorder groups of National
Guards from Courbevole and Puteaux
who tried to-resist.
When the Parisian population discovered what was going on, eaoh man
rushed home co Seize his rifle, and all
that Sunday night a mob of 100,000
men assembled near the Arc de Trl<
nraph demanding the order for a
sortie, as they had asked for lt before
against the- Prussians, During that
time the Executive Committee ot the
Commune—that Is to say, the Government—placarded the following Idiotic
proclamation on the walls: "The Royalist conspirators have attacked us. In
suite of the moderation of our attitude,
they have attacked us.  Not being able
Vlk,
to rely on the French Army, they are
making use of the Pontifical Zouaves
and of the Imperial Police." The
crowd wanted a sortie, and they got IL
The next morning, on. April 3, those
of the crowd who had not lOBt patience
and Had not gone home to bed were
formed somehow into three columns,
and marched on Versailles by three
different roads. The battalions were
mixed. There were no skirmishers,
no artillery except a few guns, no
food in the men's haversacka-unless
they had brought some from home,
very few officers, brave generals without any. experience, and having no
Idea how to lead an army.
You can Imagine wbat resistance
these men could make against the
Versailles army! Some were killed by
the guns from the Mont Valerlen,
others were out oft by the calvary,
others taken prisoners, Bind the rest
driven back, while two of the generals
who had directed thla mad expedition
—Flourens, a Professor at the College
de France, and Duval, an Ironfounder
—were killed fighting with great bravery. Then the Communards were on
the defensive, and that was equal to
their offensive tactics.
At the Ministry ot War the heads
were, In succession, Cluseret, Rossel,
and then an old man without any
military experience, Delescluse; they
tried to get their officials and the officers to obey tbem. Indiscipline was
rampant. You fought or you did not,
just bb you pleased. In 'Paris, where
there were 200,000 National Guards,
only a few thousands—10,000 to 12,000
at most, 6,000 to 6,000 probably—fulfilled their military duty. They,did It
with heroic bravery, grouped - round
two chiefs of Polish origin, who had
served In the Russian Army, and had
taken part In tho Polish Insurrection
of 1863, Dombrowski and Wroblewskl.
For a whole month, the. former at
Neuilly and the latter at Vanves, tbey.
with a few men offered a desperate
resistance, but the artillery of Versailles Is too. powerful, and they have
to retire.
On May 21, on a Sunday afternoon,
the Versalilals entered by surprise
near the gate of St. Cloud, and at 8
p. m. they were at the Trocadero
without the Commune knowing lt.
They, the leaders of the people, had
been so moderate as not to prepare
an adequate defence by barricades. In
that moment each one only thought of
defending his district; and Delescluze
issued a proclamation which, If we did
not remember his heroic lite and his
stoical death, we might call a ridiculous one: "No more militarism, no
more staff officers with gold lace and
braid. Make room for the people, for
the lighters with bare arms. The hour
of the revolutionary war has struok,
The people know nothing ot scientific
manoeuvres; but if a man lias a rifle
In his hand and stones under his feet
he no longer fears the strategists of
the monarchical school."
Once more was Been, as had occurred ln June, 1848, what was the
value In military matters of Individual
initiative, of spontaneity, of the tree
inspiration of individuals and of
groups of men, when face to face wltb
the cohesion and the discipline of
armed soldiers who obey a man who
knows how to co-ordinate and direct
all Individual efforts.
It was not a battle but a massacre,
for 36,000 Communards were, killed,
though the Versalilals lost but few
men. When one knows the piteous
military history ot the Commune of
Paris, which was, however, so great
by "Its noble republican Idealism, one
trembles for the future In remembering that ln this year of grace—1918—
many French revolutionaries have the
same childish conception ot military
matters as Delescluse. '
The Musicians' Union
■?, +.*__j.
wishes to announce that Mr. Franklin and the members of his Orchestra are not members of the Musicians' Union. When engaging the music for your
next Dance or Social, make sure that your Orchestra
is composed of Union musicians.
For Full Iniormation Phone Musldsna' Union, Sey. 7815.   640 Robson Strsst
a.    -      ' .. ' ' .
Orpheum Next Week.
The programme at the above house
next week "will Include the famous
Boganny troupe of six acrobats, the
famouB colored comedian Tenny, of
Waterbury Bros.- and Tenny, Hayden
Stevenson will appear In a sketch
called "The. Love Specialist," "Marguerite" will be a surprise ln feminine
versatility and cleverness combined
with a ravishing wardrobe, Jere Chan-
ford, "The Chore Boy," presents a
study of the country lad which Is a
bit of finished characterisation, Leigh
and La Grace wtll present a cyclonic
novelty which embraces juggling and
playing on many Instruments. There
will also be the usual stock features.
For the week of April 28th, Manager
Pilling has booked a local act, the
Vancouver Melsterslngers of eighteen
soloists, as a special attraction on a
seven-act bill.
Destroying ths Heme.
The' participation ot women In Industrial pursuits means the total
destruction of the family life of the
worklngman without substituting for
It a higher form of the family relation. The capitalist system of production does not in most cases de-'
stroy the single household of the working man, but lt robs lt of all but its
unpleasant features. The activity of
women today In Industrial pursuits
does not mean to her freedom from
household duties; it means an Increase
of her former burdens by a new one.
Present society offers, in the place of
the Individual household which lt destroys, only miserable substitutes;
soup houses and day nurserieB, where
crumbs of the physical and mental
sustenanoe are cast to the < lower
classes.—Kautsky.
The request of the Salvation Army
to the City Council of Edmonton for
a grant to their "charities" haa been
turned down.
Were lt not for the labor press the
labor movement would not be what lt
Ib today, and any union man who tries
to Injure a labor paper Is a traitor to
the labor cause.
She issvise* Version.
"Hush a bye, baby, on the tree top,
When you grow .up you shall work ln
a shop,
And when you get - married your wife
shall work, too, ■
That the rich may grow richer, with
nothing to do.
Hush a bye, oaby, on the tree top,
When   unemployed   your ' wages  will
stop;
And when grown old your wage will stop,
too, -
That tbe rich may grow richer,-wltb
nothing to do.
We hush 'a bye babies, bear what you
say,
But buHh  a bye babies, we are not
made that way;
We are calling new music for the Industrial hop,
And wealth without work must shut
up -lta shop."
The proposal to erect a building to
house the labor organisations of St.
Thomas, Ont., Is being favorably discussed.
The bill providing for a minimum
wage for women was.passed by the
Minnesota House on March 20.   '
Borrowed Tips and Pointers.
The union member who keeps away
from the meetings should keep his
mouth closed about what those who
attend do.
In the election booth Is the best
place to write the working rules.
The most direct action Is that which
puts the cop and his club under the
control of the workerB,
The labor skate who Is working for
the old parties—to keep the workers
from uniting politically—Ib skating on
thin Ice.
Organised labor contends for the
majesty of manhood. It Instils In the
workere the spirit of self-reliance expressed by Emerson: "We will walk
on our own feet; we will work with
our own hands; we will speak our
'own minds."
When a signal was lifted that he
wished to disregard, Lord Nelson put
his sea-glaBB to his blind eye and
said: "I really do not see the signal." O, you glass-eyed workers, quit
your fooling with the signals that tell
of your own undoing! Put the glass
to your good eye I   Look and act for
yourselves, your  families and your
fellows I
Organisation is the alphabet of the
labor movement. The alphabet extends through.all language—Ib Indispensable to all expressions of thought
So doeB organisation extend through
all expressions of labor In its struggle for complete emancipation,
"What are you doing for our cause?"
asked a suffragette worker.
"Doing?" replied the man. "Im supporting one of your most enthusiastic
numbers."—Detroit Free Press.
bows* duos boos roa annuo.
11.00 for 13, Apply Joue, UghUwase,
Stanley Park.
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Misers
■Subscription $1 Per Yssr
Miners' Magazine 805 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
Ask Your BARBER For
LETOURNEAUX
Quality tha Best
a, o. asanas supflt oo.
eiT bobso« stbbbt   .
Good -and Reliable
WINES
and LIQUORS
Always to be had at the
Imperial Wine
Company
84 Cordova Street Wbst
Phqke Set, 955
L
BATHS
For ladies and Gentlemen
SOMETHING NEW
IN VANCOUVER
Do you know that Nature will respond to
Nature's call. A natural formula will in certain ..
oases do what medicine will not, For rheumatics,
lumbago, la grippe, colds; in fact, many other common complaints, too numerous to mention, will find
almost instant relief by having a Bath by our new
system.
On Monday, March 24
Sultan Turkish Baths
Were Opened to the Public
The .management feel that they are filling a
;   long-felt want by inaugurating in Vancouver* a cus-
tonl that is followed in all large cities in Canada, .'
United States and Europe, namely, devoting a certain part of the day to the ladies of this eity.  The
Bath's will be open every day, except Sunday, from
the hours of 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. for use of ladies only.
During those hours none but lady attendants sre in ■"
charge of the Baths.   Between the hours of 6 p.m.
and JO a.m., and all day Sundays, the Baths are open
for men only and in charge of male attendants only. -
We have secured the services of expert lady masseuses, and masseurs of wide experience, who will
look after the comfort of our patrons.
Not only have we the Sultin Turkish Bath, but
also tho Russian system. The dry hot room, one of
the main features of a Turkish Bath, has accommodation for over forty at once, the largest on the
Pacific Coast. In connection is a steam room, fine
marble rubbing slabs, a plunge 40x20, 6% feet deep,
shower baths, 24 single rooms and a palatial lounging room. The management have gone to considerable expense, with only one objective view, the comfort and welfare of their patrons. We invite the
public, and especially invite the physicians of Vanoouver, to inspect our premises. After having done ,
so, we feel secure in the belief of their patronage.
Sultan Turkish Baths
Phone 2664       HOLDEN BLK.    16 Hastings St. E
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANCOUVER,  B.  O.
HATS WITH THE
.  UNION LABEL   .
YOUR SPRING suit
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock lo select bom
FRED PERRY iff" Te7'e Tajlor
Corasr Hum sod Daaumm Sited!
TOOLS
Beat assorted stock in Vanoouver. Close Prices
Satisfaction Absolutely Guaranteed
If a tool is not up to the standard in every way, you get a tool that
will satisfy you, or your money back.
J. A. FLAW?, LIMITED
Phones Seymour 2327-2328       111 Hastings St. W.
Natty Clothes for Knowing Boys
If you don't bring your boy here for his clothes you ought to.
We have styles suitable to every age from the little chap of two years
to the budding giant of sixteen. The most fastidious boy will flnd something In our stock classy enough to satisfy htm,
Our suits for style, make and- value can not be excelled ln ths olty,
of this we are confident, Including as they do the very nobbiest shapes and
clothes obtainable.
Remember—."Whatever else you forget, that our prices are reasonable.
CLUBB.-ft-STEWART
SOS-It Stastlats SI W .
tsars &n> Bora wrnntii
-set. ser.Tea
EAST END CYCLERT
108 Hastings Street East
Agents for
INDIAN
Motorcycles
MASSEY-HARRIS
BICYCLES
Cyoles  for Hire
Expert Repairing
W. H. Morrison, Prop.
Phone Seymour 2704
ON
The Only Shop
in British Columbia using pa-
Eir stock bear-
i the watermark (label) of
thelnternation-
al Paper-makers Union
Mall Orders Promptly filled
E. T. KINGSLEY
Phone Seymour 824
LABOR TEMPLE
VANOOUVER, B. 0.

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