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The British Columbia Federationist May 30, 1913

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INDUSTR-'A UNITY: 8TRBNQTH. ^_a-
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATI
9FF10UL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL AND B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR.
FIFT^YEAB.
No. 112.
VANCOWER, B 0. TODAY, MAY 30,-1913;
MINERS LEARN THAT
FEDERAL ARBITRATION AWARD FAILS
On the 18th day ot last February,
Britannia Miners' Union, Looal 116 of
the WesternFederation ot Miners, de
olsred a strike against the Britannia
Mining and Smelting Co., operating
at Britannia Mines snd Beaeb, Howe
Sound, B. C.
The trouble first started*.last summer, when the compsny refused the
secretary of the union, A, 0. Webb,
the privilege of visiting the men at
the mines to transact union .businsss.
To comply with the "Lemon Aot" an
arbitration board waa applied for,
which wu granted, and after sitting
turned In a majority report In favor
ot the men.
W. E. Barnes represented the B. M,
& 8. Co., Oeo, Heatherton the union,
and-I. A. Harvey, the chairman, was
appointed by the government.
To quote verbatim the evidence ot
Mr. J, W. D, Moodle, the general, manager, will show how arrogant and
autocratic corporations can be. (You
will observe that Theodore Roosevelt
has nothing on Moodle when It comes
to using the personal pronoun). The
evidence reads:
• "I stopped Webb coming on our property without Instructions from anyone
until after it was done: my action'.waa
approved In general letter from N. T„
also by Dr. pewdney. I Have been here
seven months: I stopped Webb because
this Ib private property and because of
the Insolent air In which he demanded
this doctor to be reinstated after I dismissed him. and the general disposition
to run my bualneaa.   I don't care what
a man's persuasion la aa long as he gives
me return for my money. I think men
have the right to organise, but I think
we hayo the Tight to keep men from
coming on private property.
'I believe the men nave the right to
organise oft of our property and I would
Juat aa soon have organised labor aa
any other kind.
"A man working here would have to
lose two days going to Vancouver to attend union meetings; It Isn't Impossible
for them to attend, but it la inconvenient, but the boat runs every day. The
number of men belonging to the union
._ . ingth of time would
make no ^difference Tn bur working.
going for that leng
The effect, on'our bualneaa of a representative of the union visiting tho
mine Is that if we permit him to go we
have got tb let everybody else go. We
can't discriminate, and we don't allow
strangers on our property. We have no
room In our bunkhouaea for outsiders.
"I might allow the men to hold meetings In the schonlhouse under aome circumstances which I am not prepared to
atate.   Whether I would, object to the.
men holding meetings among themselves
would  depend  on. circumstances   "
that
might arise after the thing waa In force.
I am not aaylng what 1 will do or won't
do. -    - .
"They may be holding meetings-right
now for all I know, but If they are
ualng our buildings that wa want for
other purposes I expect our foreman
will atop them. X Tn'ave haver denied
them the right to meet.
"I have denied Webb the right to go
up on the hill,- and everybody else, if
you want to put It that way I deny the
representative of the men the right to
go on the hill to do bualneaa.
"I will make thla general statement:
I don't believe It la the wish of thla
Company which I- represent to use the
grounds, which hUve been purchased to
conduct mining operatlona for the purpose ot holding meetings by anybod;
there are other places they can hold
their meetings,
"On the 6th of this month we had at
the mine 205 men, at the beach 206,
at the halfway 126. and on the tram IT.
That doea not Include the offlce force:
altogether abont «00 men on the payroll.
"I have made a general rule that no
outsider ahould go up to the mine. People going up there can pick up Information which we don't want lo.
U. M. W. OF A. ORGANIZER
CONFIDENT OF VICTORY
FOR ISLAND COAL MINIM
Organiser F. Farrington of
the U, M. W. of A, returned
to Vancouver Island points on
Tuesday, after a week's visit
in the jurisdiction of District
18, where Be was chairman of
an Investigating board, necessitated by a difference of opinion between executive board
members.
Clem Stubbs, wbo resigned
'the presidency of District 18 s
couple of weeks sgo, tor ths purpose of getting an expression
of opinion frm the membership
relative to matters political, haa
been renominated for the position against J. Smith snd ths
election takes place on June 9th.
Organiser Farrington's latest,
advices covering the Vancouver
Island situation are. ot a most
encouraging nature from the'
cosl-dlggers' viewpoint. Tbe
chances for a complete victory
for the U, M. W. bt A, were
never brighter, and that a settlement will soon be forthcoming Is the firm conviction of Mr.
Farrington. One on two other
cards msy be playdd within a
week or two tbat wll have an .
Important bearing on the capitulation of the coat' barons.
CIVIC EMPLOYEES PROVE CA!
DISCHARGED MEN NOT REINSTATED
ntsljW Ortaalwr foi^the Vatted ant harhood ot Canasters aad Jolnera In tha
rrovtuw ef Alberta aad Sa.UUjb.waa, with bealqaartere at IdaoatoL—
» upbajldilg of trades anion movement In Al-
   1 central labor body st r      *   	
of Tradea sad Saber descries of 0 anada.
SS^K^JS^lTiaA^?^
I Vlotoria Use ouveatlon
away
„ have*
valuable
known.      They
apeelmena,   It \.-_ 	
bualneaa to have offlcera of the union
go up there and hold meetinga."
In the first part of Moodle's evidence the doctor mentioned Is Dr.
Cartwrlght, who. was then physician
at tbe mine. It Is generally supposed
that the reason ot Moodle's antipathy
to Cartwrlght Is because on one occasion the latter recommended tbat
tbe company should build new. domiciles for the men at the mine. The
bunkhouses st Britannia Mines might
comply with the Provlnclsl Heslth
Act', but ths writer Is pretty doubt-
' ful.   •••■' .
For,a company doctor to think of
cutting In on a corporation's profits
by'asking tor such unreasonable demands ss new and healthy living
auarters for the men, naturally raised
. tbe Ire of the general manager, who
promptly cut him oft the payroll. A.
C. Webb, the secretary of the union,
at the request of some of the men,
took the mstter up wltb Mr, Moodle
and asked for Dr. Cartwrlght's reinstatement. This evidently wss
adding coal to the fire, for eventually
Mr. Webb was prohibited from coming
to Britannia. Naturally, "when the
men found Dr. Cartwrlght was not
a bread pill quack, which corporations
usually provide to look after the
health of employees, tbey looked up
on him wltb favor.'
The report turned ln by the majority of the board Is as follows:
■card's Baport
"Our conclusions on the questions submitted are aa follows:—
1. That the right to form unlona and
to hold meetings of the same la one that
should be freely enloyed by every workman, and we hold that the Company
should In this caae extend to the union
the privilege of holding meetinga In their
bunkhouses or ln some other suitable
meeting place on the company's prop-,
erty, and ahould allow the union officials
to visit the men there for the p irpose of
collecting dues and transacting the bualneaa of the union.
2. That the .medical practitioner, referred to aa discharged, waa employed
t his
by the company, but
salary  was
paid, In part at least, by a fee of fl.00
per month, collected from the employees
of the company.
Lite  vuiiipniij, -
The company haa dropped the medical
fee of $1.00 per month, but coincident'
with dropping that fee they charged the
men a new fee of ll.oo per month for
electric lights In their bunkhouBea.
..The company now engage and pay the
medical practitioners. 'The union claims
that the men are now paying aa much as
they did before and are not entitled to
the services of the medical practitioner
after they leave the employ of the com-
pany ln spite of'the fact that the substituted light fee la paid up to the end
of the month ln which they .leave the
We believe that If the privilege of
holding meetinga of the union waa accorded by the company, this matter
Would be amicably adjusted between the
parties.
8. The union claims that the term
''recognition of the union" appearing In
sub-section 2 ot their demand simply
means that the company meet a committee of the union to discuss srlevances.
We believe that If the right of meeting was accorded aa above, the company
would find It to their advantage to meet
a committee of the union In adjusting
any matters as between the company
and the members of the union ln their
employ,
4. After visiting the bunkhouses tha
'union were of the opinion that these
bunkhouses did not In every respect
comply with the conditions of the Pacific
Health Act. The company, however, are
constructing new bunkhouses at the
"Half-Way," and ln view of that fact
the union were disposed to leave this
matter ln abeyance, -pending tbe completion of theae* bunkhouses and other
Improvements now. under weigh by the
company,"
The beginning of this year showed
all the offlcen of the union In tbe
employ of the company. Though the-
company'refused the men the right
to hold meetings at Britannia, the
men did not propose to be treated as
peons and held tbem every alternate
Saturday, In one of the bunkhouses.
In February, 80 per cent, ot the men
at the mine were memben of the
union and the company, evidently
fearing the strength of the union,
started a system of discrimination.
The secretary was the tint to get dismissed (after over two years' employ
ln the compsny), the mine superintendent discharging bim. The super
Intendent had given orders to one of
the shift bosses to Are the president
and some other of the men, but this
the shifter refused to do. That evening a meeting waa called at wblch
eventually a strike ballot wss taken,
all of tbe men voting to strike, A
committee that waited on the super
intendent were told that If the unton
wished to bold meetings they would
have to hold tbem In Vanoouver,
The following day saw the works
completely tied up snd by the end of
the week work was at a standstill at
the Beach mine, and tunnel. . The
strike was tint called by tbe Western
Federation ot Miners snd a day or so
later the International Brotherhood
of Electrical Workers, the United
Brotherhood of Carpenten and the
Amalgamated Society of Engineers
also called a strike on the company.
The company claim tbe men had
no grievances. Well they know the
men hsd many. Bight hours is sun-
posed to constitute a shift's work ln
this province, yet Invariably eight
hours and one-half to nine hours was
the time tt took from reporting on
until reporting off. The food was a
Joke; camp grub Ib never luxurious,
but tbe boarding bouse at Britannia
wss surely the limit. Sleeping accumulations were on a par with the rest
of the layout, and many a time during the winter montbs the writer has
seen men crawl Into their beds direct.
ly after supper to keep from freeling.
The store was of course owned by
he company, and no storekeeper In
Dawson, Y. T., would have gall enough
to ask such prohibitive prices.
Between the store and the cookhouse then is little doubt but what
the B, M. and S. Co. secured a handsome dividend,
At this present time the mine ownen on Vancouver Island are having
much trouble with a so-called "foreign" labor organisation, The United
Mine Worken Is the union referred
to and like the Western Federation
of Miners, the former organisation is
International ln Its scope snd Is entirely Indifferent to race, oreed, or nationality.
The patriotic Jlngos rushing Into
print about "foreign" labor organisations should now take a whirl out of
the "foreign" corporations. Tbe head
office of tbe B. M. & 8. Co. Is In New
York and It is generally supposed
that the Ouggenhelmen own the controlling Interest.
To comply with tbe law, the Hon.
Ed Dewdney Is president of the Co.
Dewdney Is to the B. M. & 8. Co.
what a wooden Indian Is to a cigar
store. The general manager, the secretary and most of the company's officials are all "foreigners," and the
patriotic Mood of the jingo surely
ought to boll when these "foreigners"
propose to treat "free born Britishers" ss peons.
Let It be sstd right here, thst all
men, whether carpenten, electricians,
machinists, engineers, blacksmiths,
mlnersor laboron, who are now ln the
employ of the Britannia Mining te
Smelting Co. are acting ln the capacity of strike-breakers and are unfair
to organlied labor.
Most ot the men at present   em-
CALQARY UNIONISTS ASK
-CITY COUNCIL FOR LOAN OF
110,000 ON LABOR TEMPLE
Calgary shareholders In the unionists Labor Temple, beaded by president of the Trades and Labor Council,
bave approached the finance committee' Drthe Alberta metropolis with a
view to securing a loan of $10,000 with
which to pay oft the Indebtedness
against their property, promising to repay the amount at the rate of (2000
per year. The delegation urged that
inasmuch as the property wss a seml-
puhllc convenience tor the thousands
of men out of work et the present
time they were Justified in making the
request, more especially aa various
civic boosting clubs were largely responsible tor the unwarranted Influx
of Job-seekers, which bad resulted In
bankrupting most of tbe local unions.
The request wtll receive "consideration" at a later date,
UNION LABEL LAW IjiEEpED
IN CANADA, 8AY8 SECRETARY
*    BRAI8 OF TAILORS' UNION
B. S. Brals, generalisecretary of
the Journeymen Tailors' Union,
with headquartera at Blooming-
ton, HI., writes The B. C. Fereda-
tiontst that his organisation "...
ts not pushing the)union label
proposition very strobgly ln Canada, due to the fact that tbere are
no label laws.' There haB been
'several mis-Uses of the Isbel and
we have been unable/to prosecute
tbe same successfully, due to tbe
lack ot a law to protest labels. One
of the very flnt things thst ths
trade unionists of Canada must do
would be to see tbat such a law Is
passed, the same as' we have ln
the different states in this
country." •
The advice Is timely and the,
question should at once bs referred to the executive council of
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada at Ottawa.
Typos 8elect Delegate.
At tbe election held Wednesday,
28th Inst., A. B. Robb, president of local Typographical Union, was chosen
as representative at the fifty-ninth
annual convention of the International
body to be held in Nashville, Tenn.,
during August. A very close vote wss
polled, Mr. Robb defeating the next
highest candidate, L. E. Dennison,
who was elected alternate, by the narrow margin ot two votes,
"IMMIGRATION" CONVENTION
WILL OPEN AT PORTLAND ON
THURSDAY NEXT; JUNE FIFTH
P. W. Dowler, preaident and or
gan'ser of the Northwest District Council of Carpenten, with
headquartera at Seattle, wbo la
well known to unionists all along
the Pacific Coast, Jwrltes tbat
there will be a big delegation of
attendants trom central labor
bodies at the convention to be held
at Portland, commencing. June
5th. Included In the number will
he'several labor paper editora,
The "Rose Carnival" opens at
Portland on the 2nd and the delegates wtll have an opportunity of
taking It In.
The whole question of ''Immigration" wtll be the theme of the convention, with special reference to
what Is likely to occur with the
opening of the Panama canal. W.
R. Trotter will represent Vancouver Trades and Labor Council.
C, P, R, Employees' Annusl Picnic.
The C. P. R. employees of Vancouver will hold their annual picnic this
year on Saturday, June 21, to Ganges
Harbor, per S.S. Princess Royal, leaving the C. P. R. wharf at 8:80 a. m„
returning at 7 p. m. The programme
Includes a brass band ln attendance,
dancing and a large list of field
sports. Fare, $1.25; children under 12
yean 65c. "Everybody's going."
Ths federal Investigation board,
wblch sat tb hear the grievances of
tbe Civic Employees' Union, bas unanimously decided that tbe union men
proved their ease In both charges of
discrimination and favoritism.
The grievances of the men were:
That discrimination was taking place
against union man ln the scsvsnlng
department.
That the waterworks men wsro entitled to a rise in wagss of I1-2 cents
par boor.
Tbat favoritism was shown to members of tbe Orange.order tn the Mr
tot and discharging of men,
With regard to the flrst grievance,
discrimination against union men, tbe
board finds thst Superintendent Wiley,
Assistant Superintendent Lee and
Inspector Riley .did discriminate
against union men, and that ths last
four union men discharged wen dls-
charged because of their union activity. Tbe board recommends tbat
Superintendent Wiley's powers be
curbed by taking away his powsr of
dismissing men, vesting this In tbe
hands of. the assistant engineer,
Whether Mr. Wiley wss acting under
the orders of the engineer or not was
not provst)., -
With regard to the demand for an increase ln wages of the waterworks
men, the weakness of the unkramen's
case lay In the fact that s vast army
of unorganised laboren an willing to
work, for IS per day of nine and ten
hours, making this the msrket price
for* this class of labor, a point which
counted heavily against ithe union
men's case before tbe board. A slight
concession was granted when the
board recommended that forty cents
per hour be paid for excavating In
trenches six feet deep or more.
.The third charge, that favoritism
wss shown to memben ot the Orange
order In hiring and discharging of
men, was found proven. The removal
of Ward Foreman Davis, who was the
worst offender, will tend to discourage other foremen wbo were Inclined
to follow his example.
That the city should reinstate the'
four union men whom the board found
to bave been discharged without just
oause, seems only fair, and that the
Lee family's control of the scavenging and street cleaning department
should be broken seems only right.
The statement that appeared In the
News-Advertiser to the effect that the
arbitration board had exonerated the
city officials was a strange one, ln view
of the fact that the hoard found three
prominent city officials guilty of discrimination snd favoritism.
Under Ottawa date of May 15,
Deputy Minister of Labor F. A. Acland
wrote Business Agent Trainer:
Sir—Re Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, 1907, and re differences between Vancouver City and certain of
Us Civic Employees, Including water
works maintenance and construction
men.
"I have the honor to enclose a certificate copy of the findings' of the
board ot conciliation and Investigation
to which was referred for adjustment
the differences above Indicated, The
minister has noted with satisfaction
that the report is signed by each member of the bosrd. While, apparently,
no formal agreement was reached ns
between tbe corporation ot Vancouver
City and your organisation, the minister trusts the findings ot tbe board,
as the result of whst Is believed to
have been a careful and comprehensive
Inquiry, will he deemed a basis from
which a satisfactory working agreement will result, and will be accepted
in this spirit by each party. The minister's view Is thst no other course
(Continued on Page Four.)
are* wiaslisn,
STRIKING MINERf REFUSE
ANY AGREEMENT SAVE WITH
THE MINERS' ORGANIZATION
"Msn Solidly United and Determined
to Win," says Dlstriot Presldsnt
Foster.
NANAIMO, B.C., May 30-(Sps-
elal -to The Fsdsrstlonlst)—Com-
psnlss attempted to submit new
- agreement Msn would not llstsn
ta sny agreement without recognition of the United Mine Workera'
organisation. Contents of new
agrssmsnt wss sn sdvsnee of two
and a half par cent All othsr
newspaper reports contrary to this
sre deliberate falsehoods.
Men solidly united and deter
mined to win, despite companies'
efforts to stsmpsds them..
ROBERT FOSTER.
Praaldant of Typo Union Wo. SSS, who
waa alsotsd Wednesday as Delegate to
the L T, V. convention at WaahvllU,
Tens* li August,
ployed have been secured through the
employment sharks ln this city, the
Cosmopolitan and Hick's slave agencies being the principal procurers.
What a price a scab pays, especially those who even pay for the privilege ot strikebreaking?
R.
UNION MEETINGS
AT LABOB TEMPLE
FOB OOMINa WEEK
Sunday, June 1—Bartenders,
8 p, m.
Monday, June 2—Elevator
Constructors; Boilermakers; Electrical Workers 021; Street
Railwaymans' Executive; Electrical Workers 213; Teamsters;
Builder's Laborers; Bro. of Carpenters.
Tuesday, June 3—Union Label
League; Organisation Committee; Sign Painters; Clgarmakers; Shinglers; Tailors; Amal.
Carpenten; Loco, Firemen and
Knglnemen; Brlcklayen.
Wednesday, June 4-^Home
and Domestic Employees;
Steam Engineers; Tile Layers;
Photo Engraven; Amal. Carpenters; Street Rallwaymen;
Plumbers.
Thuraday, June 5—Retail Employees; Ship Carpenten;
Palnten; Sheet Metalworkers;
Railway Carmen; Trades and
Labor Council. ■ -■
■• Friday, June 6—Upholsteren;
Pattern Makers; Culinary
■TradeB; Hod Carriers and Gonl.
Laborers; Iron Holders;"Letter
Carriers; Building Trades Council,
w. a. noma
Vancouver Trades aad Ubor Coonoil
Delegate to tha "Immigration" Convention   at   Fortland,   opening   on
Jane stb.
We very much appreciate the efforts beinh made by Vancouver unionists
to create a healthy demand for union-labelled products, but they do not go far
enough. If Vancouver is tulfill its destiny as a great industrial centre is must
have ah increased payroll. This is an imperative
necessity. One of the ways this can be accomplished
is by demanding not only union-label goods, but Vancouver-made goods. We. are not only justified in
making this request of wage-workers, who wear overalls and shirts, as a part of the present movement
for "local industries," but our goods are the best in
the world's market for the money. See that you ask
for and insist upon having BUOK BRAND Overalls
and Shirts. They fulfill every requirement.
WM. J. McMASTER AND
BUCK BRAND   U76 Homer Street
SONS, LIMITED.
Vancouver, B. O.
EIGHT NEW UNIONS
AT NEW WEBTWNBTEB
IN LABTTWO MONTHS
Oounoil Tikat OognliWMie of Tin-
employed—Making Beady for
■ '   B. 0. F. of L Convention
NEW WESTMINSTER, May M.—
No lesa than eight new unions have
been organised ln the Royal City during the past two months. Business
Agent Knudsen ot the Trades and labor Council being the moving spirit,
ably assisted by individual unionists.
These are the Musicians, Mest Cutters,
Sheet Metal Worken, Cooks, Walten
and Waitresses, Retail Clerks (International, bear in mind), Electrical
Workers (outside), Newsboys, and a local of the International Hod Carriers,
Building and Common Laboren
Union, lt having absorbed the old federal labor union of tbe Civic Employees. All these have affiliated with
the central labor body and delegates
were present at last meeting, '
A local of the new International
Timber Workera' Union has been organised, in the suburbs, and as soon
as the charter arrives delegates will
be sent to the council.
The secretary was instructed to
write the city council protesting
against any more money being.voted
to publicity clubs, suggesting that if
the council had any money to spare
it might turn lt over to the council to
help maintain the increasing: nt-mb"
of men already out of work ln the
ClThe central labor body'Will namea
committee at an early date to start
making'arrangement, tor the reception
of the coming convention of the B. u.
FUeraUonofVborandWestmlnrter
unionists hope to be able to report
having the best organised townIn B.
C. by the time January rolls around
if, Indeed, It doea not already hold
that dlatlnctlon.	
Wireless Operators Still on Strlks.
The Wireless Operatore' Union all
along the U. 8. Pacific coast are still
nn strike They Bre receiving sup
£rt9 rem tbe Commercial«£
me 8 J. Konenkamp, with BtriKe
headquarters st San Francisco, presl-
Senf f th« «nl™. » "* ^".hor'ta?
campaign for longer wages andshortar
hours Voncouver central labor bory
JotJd »10 to the strikers at last meet-
Ing.  _	
Alberts Carpenters.
J A. Kinney, district organiser for
the United Brothehood of Carpenters
ln Alberta and Saskatchewan, whose
home Is at Edmonton, writes that
trade conditions in tho Capital City
show a Blight Improvement over a
month ago, but there are altogether
too many mechanics coming Into all
the prairie towns seeking employment.
Organiser Kinney last week succeeded In organising n local at Red
Cliff, Alta., a new industrial centre
springing up near Medicine Hat.
New U. B. District Organiser.
A. Watchman of Victoria, who has
Just received the appointment as district organiser for the United Brotherhood of Carpenters, arrived ln Vancouver on Wednesday. The same evening he met the members of the district council and went over the local
situation. Organiser Watchman Has
had considerable experience In the
union world of Western Canada before crossing to this side ot the
Rockies, and at the last convention
of the B. C. Federation of Labor was
elected as one of the executive committee. His presence In Vancouver
most ot the time will very acceptable
In Labor Temple circles and his work
on bebslf of the brotherhood should
be productive of results.
-TWOMMBIOBIINMAT
NANAIMO WBDHMDAT
"., DHOWS CTPATIOH
"Be Oonfllrt Short or Low th*
W.KW.ofAWfflS«Mrt|r
Too," St-fi Taaiagkm
nanaimo, v. L, May t».-0esesai
Manager Stoekettot tbe Wester* Fast
Co., yesterday submitted a sew'sobe*
•le to a msss snsllsg ol employees,
carrying with It a ooasMsrsbls increase la wagss all rood, whloh la
Itself demonstrates tbat then wu
much Justification 'tor the dlsoontent
of tbe miners with old conditions. Tbe
meeting, however, refused to consider
any proposal aot submitted to their
onion ss a local ot the U. M. W.'Ot'Js. ■';
The striking misers held a seestssg'."
yesterday forenoon aad the wbold situation wss reviewed by executive
Board Member Farrington. "I can assure you," said Organiser Ferrlngtaa,,
"that be the conflict short or loaf,
ths United Mine Workers win stand
by you,"
* The Black Diamond City la quiet;
nothing much doing whsa the slaves
cease work.
However, tbe outlook la not so
gloomy ss painted by those Interested
In fatting tbe mea back into the
mines under sny conditions. Then la
a move oo tbat may soon result la a
general aettlement all over the Island,
with the U, M. W. of A. aa the party
of tbe second part.
NANAIMO, May if.—The strike situation on the Island bas been quiet up
UU Tuesday ot this week, when the
employen bad evidently decided to
make a move with the "desire of dividing ths msn. The Western Fuel Company called a meeting of the employes
of No, 1. mine, Protection and Brechin,
snd excluded tbe men of tbe New Reserve shaft, this evidently for a purpose.
When the meeting waa called to order yesterday the men decided tbat all
employes of the compsny must be admitted and this waa accordingly done.
The chairman (one of the so-called
Joint committee) called on Mr. Stock-
ett, the superintendent ot the mines,
to speak, who' waa going to present a
new agreement to the men. Mr. Stock-
ett then opened by pointing out bow
the men had broken their agreement
wltb the company, but said he did not
wish to hand on that aa It would serve
no good purpose.
He then went on snd gave them
some good advice lrpm l^Polat of
view and gave bis near agreement
The mlneworkers bad held a maas
meeting on the water front early the
ssme morning which wss one of the
largest yet held ln Nanalmo and Bro.
Farrington explained that the company may otter a new agreement to
them, but bad that agreement not the
endorsatlon ot the Union and lta backing, then they had no more guarantee
of Its being kept thsn .the one tbey
had discarded. . .
When Mr. Stockett had presented
his esse to the meeting of employes la
the afternoon one of the employes
moved a resolution to the effect that
the men of these mines do not accept
sny sgreement which bad not the
endorsstlon of the U. M. W. of A. Thla
the chairman refused to accept and It
was pointed out to bim thst this waa
for tbe meeting to decide, not by the
chairman. •  _
Tbls ultlmstelv hecsme tbe decision
of tbe meeting snd lt was ended there.
This, no doubt, has been the most
Important day on the Island since the
flnt three dsys of the month, aa the
company hirelings for dsyi sad weeks
have been making a house to bouse
canvas, going through the saloons and
any old way to work up agitation and
have the mlnen resume work. Many
of tbe business msn were so Jubilant
this wss going to be a break away thay
were offering bets on that line.
The men In the other districts were
also anxious to watch the attitude of
the men ot Nanalmo. as It depended on
them ss to the success of the fight
We are pleased to say tbe men turned down this proposed new sgreement
In no uncertain way and have demonstrated their determination to (Wit
till one Is made by and through the
union. Since Mav 1st It has been a
question of marklpg time; now the
company have made, their move and
!    lost in the first round.
The company owning the Jingle rot
have called o meeting for this morning
hut at the time of writing have had
no work of its outcome. I have no
doubt the attitude displayed by the
different companies at present means
we can look for a change in the near
future. However, In any case there
has been a display of solldsrlty shown
this week that means much for the
success ot this light.
The new agreement has been published ln this morning's psper snd only
gives the driven a few cents per day
ln advance and often the men a 15%
In place of a 10% per cent bonus sfter
September. O- P.
The United Mine Workera have at
last secured a strong foothold ln the
New River district of West Virginia.
The Importance of this can be understood when It is remembered that for
yean organizers were unable to enter
that section without being slugged, ar
rested or put out. Under cover of the
Paint and Cabin Creek strikes organisers quietly Invaded the New River
field and found ready response among
the workers to their appeals for orgs- .
nlzation, and before the operators
were aware of what was occurring
unions popped up In every direction.
Msny of the private thugs were slso
"st the front" In tbe strike districts,
and so tbere wss little Interference.
Two buildings are being erected by
the Roman Catholic church at Edmonton by non-union labor, with as
low ss 30 cents an hour being paid
"mechanics." The Trades and labor
Council Is peeved and some of the
delegstes said a number of uncomplimentary things about the church's
failure to set an example, Instead of
lowering the standard ot living. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
..MAT a , 1918
The Royal Bank
of Canada
nrconroUTao ises
aali-up Capital • ii,»oo,ooo
BaMrva 18,800,000
ToUl assets S1BO,000,000
! oa M-
poans far otra
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
.Oss Dollar will open
ths aoooant, aad you
Mulasas will be welcome be lt large ei
TOPBTaaa aaaacmas nt
VAHOOinraa
Capital ot Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important- to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affeots your future welfare
aiid happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
WE OFFER TO YOU
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the seourity of a
Bank that has been a monument of finanoial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of fl
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
'446. Hastings St. West
Cor, Hsstings and Carrall Streets
VANCOUVER,    -    -BO.
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See thai this Label is Sewed
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with the LABEL on it
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VANOOUVXB, B. 0.
1 B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published weekly by The B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Tradea and Labor Counoll and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, wltb
which la affiliated 11.000 organised wage-
workers. 	
Isaued every Friday morning ■
President Jas. Campbell
Vlce-Preaident J. W. Wilkinson
Vioo-ProBldent 3. MoMUlar
Treasurer. J. H. McVety
Managing-Editor K. Parm, Pettlplece
Offloa!   Boon S10, labor Temple
ISL lev. asse.
Subscription:    11.00 par year;   ln Van.
couver City, 11.25;   to unions subscribing ln a body, 76 cents.
'Tatty ot Labor; tha heps et tto world."
m WATCH THE LABEL ON YOUR
PAPER.   K this number is on It
your subscription expires next Issue.
FRIDAY MAT 31, 1918
DEATH BED REPENTANCE,
It the Senate never did anything ln
all Its existence ln Canada until this
week lt has Justified its being on the
map, and the Fed. feels almost persuaded to take back a lot ot things
that has been said ot it In years gone
by. Quite true the motive may not
have been other than political expedl-
ency, but the effect Is the same. The
majority may make mistakes, but lt
must be remembered "the majority Is
always right." It may even' mean a
general election and In the end the
abolition ot the Senate Itself, but what
of that? Best for the desr old politicians' home to die after having did
one good act. Now bring on the "Nla-
vy BUI!"
A VULGAR PROSTITUTE.
Last week The Federatlonist drew
attention to the existence ot an alleged "labor" paper published at Nanalmo and financed by old-party politicians. How It csn longer masquerade
under the cognomen "Labor Advocate,"
after spewing up such rot as the following, Is probably best known to
those who psy tbe bills and keep the
literary prostitute In'charge on the
pay-roll. Listen:
"The miners of Nanaimo, Jingle
Port and South Wellington have been
betrayed by the U. M. W. agitators,
They were called out on a sympathetic
strike with Cumberland. The. Cumberland mines are working ln full swing,
and assisted by the Washington
mines, operated by TJ. IM. W. are supplying our markets. Judas betrayed
Christ, but when he realised Mb terrible blunder he went out and hung
himself. The modern Judas asses of
Vancouver Island have not the decency
to hana themselveB, or even hang their
heads ln shame It Is un to the miners to take the bit ln their -mouth and
arrange tor the resumption ot work."
"HAZARDOUS RISKS."
When a wage-worker Is torn to
pieces by a piece ot defective machinery, smothered and burned to death
In a coal mine, operated ln violation
of the B. C. Coal Mines Regulation
Act, crushed to death by a cave-in
or meets violent death In the hundred
and one ways peculiar to the modern
Industrial world, the dally press, especially The Province, usually finds
room for two or three lines to chronicle the event In some obscure corner
next to a quack medicine advt.
But when one policeman meets
death there is scarcely enough equipment tn tbe prlntorlal department to
scare-line the event, • The editorial reflex also immediately shifts from "the
risks of capital" to the "hazardous
risks" assumed by those responsible
for the -preservation of law and
order." consistlne mostly of jsiltna
Innocents for darln* to resent orders
to "move on," helpless drunks, unemployed "without visible means of support." or suppressing free speech and
clubbing strikers.
No sensible person will condone the
shooting of even a policeman, lt they
act with any degree of decency. But
lust why the violent death of a policeman should occsslon sny more
furore thsn that of hundreds which
take place ln the industrial world ln
Canada every month Is plain only to
those who understand the class nature
of governmental machinery.
Its history has been for human better-
decent hours and decent working conditions. It has been a struggle for an
Increasingly higher standard ot living,
ment, It.as fought for a decent wage,
In Borne measure it has achieved its
its object and secured these things,
not only for Its own members but for
all workers, outside as well as inside
the union."
WHV THE TRADE UNION?
The necessity for co-operation for
mutual protection and defense Is ss
old sb humanity, observes the Los
Angeles Citizen.
Primitive man was not long In learning the value ot co-operating with
his fellows for the preservation and
protection of his life and liberty.
The record of hlBtory in thi" revard
In to be found first In the famllv. then
the tribe, the clan, the petty state, the
nation.
In obedience to the fundamental re-
oulsite for self-preBervatlon theae successive steps In organisation were effected.
Aa soon as industry had evolved tn
the point where the two fundamental
factors were an employing class on
tbe one hand and an employed class
on tbe other, with a product to be divided between them, organisation became a necessity on the part of each
factor for the protection ot Its economic Interests.
And organisation followed
The tap-root of capitalism Is exploitation against which the Individual
worker Is powerless to protect his
Interest.. 8u«h protecMnn is only possible through organisation.
Private ownership and appropriation bv an employing class cotpliln»d
with socialized production by a dependent class made the union as necessary for the protection of the workers' interests ss has been any form of
family, tribal or civic organization for
race protection.
In tbe language of a recent circular
Issued by the American Federation of
Labor:
"When workmen aro organized they
ni ways get better wages.
"When workmen are organized they
always have shorter hours.
"When workmen are organized they
Inlalnlalalaallalalalalarcely.:: flbnsnc I
always have better working conditions.
"When workmen are organized they
are not. afraid of losing their Jobs
at the whim of a foreman or superintendent.
"When workers are organised they
become convinced that there Is no
other plan whereby the workmen can
he protected against avarice, greed,
tyranny and Injustice."
The work of the union throughout
Tbe theory of substituting the strike
tor political action Is based upon the
assumption that society and the state
have no resources with which to meet
the strike. No greater fallacy was
ever propounded ln connection with
the working class movement. I know
the value ot the strike, what lt has accomplished and wat lt still can achieve.
So long, owever, Is the state Is ln the
hands ot, and under the control of
capitalist class, the strike on a big
scale haB difficulties to encounter,
The upshot, therefore, Ib tat sooner
which will, I efar, prove Insuperable,
or later the workers will be forced Into political action. There are many
drawbacks associated with a reform
secured by act of parliament, but the
conclusion Is that such reforms the
likely to be premanent and abiding.
Political action Is not bo shwy as the
other and calls for more trained preparation; but the working class must
develop the necessary qualities If ln
the end It Is to win freedom from
economic bondage.—J. Keir Hardle.
Uebknecht'B exposure of the European war game has created a profound sensation, The capitalist Interests have been caught with the goods.
The makers of cannon and other murder dealing machines are back of the
constant war ferment, because they
need war In their business. They are
like the man who trains himself for
a soldier, he soons wants to apply his
training ln a real game of slaughter.
But in their case there Ib the necessity
for keeping their great establishments
going, they must constantly drum up
business. What a spectacle ln these
days pf civilization, and what a thing
for widowed and orphaned ones to
contemplate. It Is monstrous. Lleb-
knecht was well primed for his assault.
School.teachers who are socialists
are wanted ln the State of Washington. Fully 100 can be placed at salaries from |60 a month upward. The
recent School elections ln Washington resulted ln surprising victories
for the socialists, who ascribe their
unexoected success to the vindictive
attacks that have been made upon
socialism during the past year or two
by prominent clericals and open shop
capitalists The people are studying
the question, snd the socialists made
the frank announcement that if tbey
won In the elections socialism would
.he taught tn the public schools.
Teachers should write to J. B. Sinclair, secretary Socialist Educational
Bureau, Route 4, Taeoma, Wash.
Alberta Is the flrst of the western
provinces to establish and equip a
mine resoue train. It has been found
necessary with the development of Al-
berta'a coal mining Industry, amounting to about 4,000,000 tons per annum
to have an efficient means of relief
at hand tn case of mine accidents,
and in addition to the stations at
Blalrmore, Frank and Lethbrldge, a
rain equipped with mine rescue apparatus enough for seventeen resetters has been put on the road under
the oharge df W. B. Powell, formerly
president of District 18, U. M. W. of
A.—District Ledger.
Mayor Hlndley of Spokane, who has
been touted a good deal in this territory lately as a "radical." has slong
with Commissioner Fairley. been a
party to an amendment tn a recently
adopted ordinance providing for a
minimum wage of 13 on civic work
nullifies the measure. The central labor body Is up In arms and will Institute recall proceedings, claiming
that Inasmuch as the »*. minimum was
.voted by the electors any change made
should be enacted by the same authority.
'And this from the Dally Province
editorial columns: "It appears ss If
the locomntlve was doomed. But Instead of being displaced with elec-.
trlcal equipment In one great sweeping change, they are going out
slowly. They have many years of
Hte before" them. Thev will continue
to be bought. Vet ultimately tbe
Iron horse will go to the scran pile
and Its work will be performed by
another machine, much lees picturesque of looks, but more cleanly,
more powerful snd far more economical to run."
When Premier McBride comes over
tn tbe mainland he Is "pleased tn
note the fact that there was not. an
Asiatic to be seen on the construction
•work nf tha C. P. R." Probably the
rontrsst from his home abods. Vancouver Island, Is so great that his
mind wanders. A visit to the Cumberland coal mines, where some 800
or 700 nre now emnlnved as strikebreakers would furnish the premier
with a further text nn "A White B
O," As a peddler nf nauseating humbug McBride Is In a class by himself.
Let It be clearly understood that
The Federatlonist Is not te "organ"
nf npv pnlltloal party. It Is owned and
published by tb,e B. C. Federation of
Labor and Vancouver Trades and I,a-
bor Council, nnd with wbat resources
it has at hand is endeavoring to serve
thi b"»t Interests of the membership
nf thnse bodies, believing that the real
friend of organized labor is organised
labor Itself. '  -
There are still a number of the
smaller unions outside the B. C Federation of Labor in this province. The
officers nf such locals should at the
very next meeting Introduce tbe sub-
loot of affiliation and line up with
•soon unionists who have already federated their fnrces for Industrial and
legislative purposes.
"Recoenlslng that all will not he of
one mind In the management of the
business affairs of the union, It is
agreed and made mandatory In the
laws of the organisation tbat the majority rule. It Is therefore becoming
nf every member to peacefully abide
by tbe will of the majority and perform his full duty under such decrees,
In order that the purposes may he realized to the fullest extent."
Arnold F. George, the newly-appointed federal Inspector of employment
agencies, who will arrive In Vancouver
during the coming week from Ottawa,
will have his work cut out for him If
he straightens out all that needs fixing
among the employment shark fraternity. His efforts wtll be watched
with Interest by unionists.
When a man tells me that he loves
Romeo and Juliet, Insay, "Of course
you dOi" When a woman tells me that
no one can Imagine her love for Wagner, I Bay sympathetically, "Quite so."
Those who love landscapes or corn
beef and cabbage or Scotch dialect or
Qospel humns flnd in me a quiet, credulous confident. I believe them.—
Horatio Wlnslow.
A franchise-grabbing bunch are out
for the privilege of supplying gas ln
Edmonton, and the same Interests are
apparently putting up a strenuous
campaign to knock municipal ownership of street railways and other public utilities. The electorate will put
the proposal to sleep when the bylaw Is submitted.
. What's a land ownership squabble
between governments? A select committee of the Japanese parliament has
made a favorable report on the proposed appropriation of $6,000,000 for
the representation of Japan at the
Panama-Pacific Exposition to be held
at San Francisco in 1915.
"The great basic truth that the
world's wealth is created by labor
alone and that labor Is entitled to all
tt creates Is so simple, so obvious and
so undeniable that we have only to
continue to preach that with all the
strength that ln us lies to bring the
day of emancipation."
The masses are sometimes carried
to wrong conclusions, but notwithstanding thla fact, the world would be
much better off If the aggrieved, be
they men or women, had fuller powers
of reaching those ln authority.—Prince
Rupert Empire.
Next to the union Itself, the labor
press Is the moBt powerful defense
that labor has. During the past
month did you ask anyone to subscribe for or read The Federationist?
If not, why not?
Difficulties are not surmounted by
running away from them, but by facing and meeting them. Never mind
deserters or shirkers ot their duty.
Let us do ours.
Experience has taught the workers
that' it makes little difference to them
what nationality the landlord happens to be. The tribute Is hone the
less, whether he be white, yellow or
black. ,
Labor unions stand for equal pay
for equal services performed. Why
should a woman be compelled by economic necessity to do the same kind
of work that a man doeB, for half the
pay?
"The man who has enemies amounts
to something. He Ib a live man. He
is a. fighter. People don't kick a
corpse without hindrance. We should
love our enemies and bleBS them.
They make life worth living."
The best dividend-payer any wage-
worker ever put his money Into Is his
union, provided he and his associates
didn't go to sleep at the-switch.
Life and Labor, a labor magazine
published by the National Women's
Trade Union League of Chicago, has
been added 'to The Federatlonlst's list
this week.; ''_.
Vancouver needs pay-rolls, sure. But
not the kind there are so many of
already, with wages as low as $6 per
week'tor women who work long; hours.
"...There Ib only one thing more
polite than inquiring after the health
of a friend whom one meets, and that
Is to listen while he tells you."
Increasing unemployed and suicides
seef to be adlrect result of the Immigration policy of the exploiters.
"Civilization wllf never be worthy
of the name until the people produce
wealth for use Instead of for profit."
Some of the antics of alleged unionists are so nutty that its a wonder the
squirrels don't chase 'em.
In communing with the spirits
some men use the bartender as a
medium.
The strength of the McBride government in B. C. lies in the weakness
of the opposition.
A recent oensuB Bhows t^iat ln New
York 384,348 homes out of 400,000 are
rented.
How would you like to he kidnapped
by a band ot suffragists?
Unions are'what the membership
make them.
seated to the western part of the
American continent by the opening of
the Panama canal. To the Portland
Central Labor Council must be given
the credit for the Initiative in this
matter, but the prompt acceptance of
the suggestion and the active preparations made to participate on the part
of the other cities on the coast show
that labor Ib awake to the menace
that confronts it with the opening of
the canal and Is ready to take now
the .steps which may save It from a
deluge of cheap foreign labor that will
have the Inevitable effect of waBhlng
away the conditions we have fought
for and won at such cost.-rSeattle
Union Record.
Mexico's Bsndlt Armies.
"What are the terms of these bandits? If they are not fighting for loot
or for tun or tor ambition, what are
they fighting for? It they are not
bandits, what are they?
"The bandits of Mexico are fighting
for liberty—not for some chimerical
or Ideal liberty that Ib of the mind
and far away, nor even for a liberty
so Immaterial, though so universally
demanded, as political liberty, but for
a concrete, tangible thing that means
to them not only the broader liberties
of the mind but the more pressing
needs of the body. The bandits of
Mexico are fighting for land to stand
upon.
"These rural bandits, an overwhelming majority ot them, once belonged to
one or both of two classes—Illegally
dispossessed small farmers and liberated slaves. When I say slaves, I
mean slaves. Lincoln never freed any
slaves, I mean slaves. Lincoln never
freed any slaves whose lot approached
In misery the lot ot these Mexicans
who were liberated by the revolution
of 1910 and who are retaining their
way through seas of blood back to the
land. Feudalism is the issue. Feudal-
liberty only by retaining possession of
their guns,
"The Mexican people are fighting their-
ism haB lived a century overtime ln
Mexico. It Is dying hard, but lt must
die. The flght is a necessary one.
Success' is inevitable. Whoever raises
a hand against It but causes a greater
waste of human blood. The eo-called
bandits of Mexico are not bandits, but
patriots. The real bandits of Mexico
are the ones whom our ambassador has
recommended shall be recognized as
the legal rulers of the country.^-
Colller'B.
The Immigration Question.
Beginning June 5, 1813, there will
convene in Portland, Ore., one of the
most important meetings of the representatives of organised labor ever
held on tbe Pacific Coast. Delegates
from all parti of the coast, and as
far east as the Mississippi river will
be In sttendance to discuss the problem ot Immigration that Is to be pre-
Movies for Militarism.
"The government is in the market
for men: lt Is advertising Its wants.''
This is the statement of Major Crox-
ton, United States Infantry, a gentleman who Is booming a scheme by
which the movies will show the delights ot army life and thus entice
harmless laboring men into the ranks
of organised murder. Thousands of
feet "of films are being prepared, and
silver-tongued army orators will lecture, as the reels unravel their attractive pictures. From an announcement
of the plan we learn:
''Five parties will be bept traveling, each exhibiting motion pictures
and enlisting recruits attracted by the
display. Thirty thousand men are
needed annually to fill vacancies. The
five travelling parties, It Ib estimated,
will bring ln about 16,000 men, while
permanent stations ln 19 of the large
cities will supply 20,000. Bach party
will Include a line officer, a surgeon
and six sergeants. Regulsr theatrical
methods will be pursued."
We are preparing for war. Stand up
and shoulder your rifle. What will the
war be for? Never mind. Shoulder
your gun and keep your mouth shut.
The government Is ln the market for
cannon-food.—Coming Nation.
Llara Wanted.
Wanted — immediately — conscl-
enceless and convincing liars to write
advertlsmentB and draw pictures for
the army and navy. These advertisements and pictures must be shrewdly
calculated to reach the susceptibilities
of romantic youth. Life In the army
and navy must be pictured aB one
continuous round of pleasure,
chiefly beneath the sunny skies
and amid the luxuriant verdure ot
Borne far off tropical clime, where the
happy enlisted man, unburdened by
sordid mentalities, may loll on the
tapering seward, while voluptuous
dusky maidens bring him cooling
drinks and disport for his delight.
This Is but a hint. See posters ln any
poBtoffice. There is no limit to the
lies we are willing to tell In order to
get hold of impressionable youngsters,
Address Army and Navy, Washington,
D. C—Life.
Debauchery of Young Girls.
"It Is time that mothers awake .and
take more Interest ln their children,"
says a probation officer. "The condition of some of the girls at the detention home are most deplorable. The
stories they have told are unprintable,
When their mothers were told that
their daughters' bodies were Infected
with disease; that their virtue had
been stolen while they were hardly
more than babies and that such conditions had been brought about by their
lack, of attention to their daughters,
several were on the verge of prostration and restoratives had to be administered to prevent them from swooning."
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards Inserted for %\. 00 a Month
Things That Handy
Men Are Wanting
25 lba. WHITE LEAD $2.110—A first class white lead and
an opportunity not to be missed.
BEADY MIXED WHITE PAINT—Quart .- 69o
FliOOB PAINT—Beady mixed, in two shades of yellow
and two of grey.   Quart 69o
OOLD ENAMEL, for your picture frames.  A bottle....lBo
8HINGLE STAIN, any color,
gal....,.-. »1.00
LINSEED OIL, raw or boiled,
gsl 11.00
TURPENTINE, gsl S1.46
FLOOR LAC, qusrt 80c
Pint „ 4«o
PAINTS,  in  spsoisl  shades,
dsrk, red, hssvy, brown snd
white-
Gallon  .«.7B
Hslf gallon  81.50
Qusrt ...» .80c
Pint 60c
Hslf pint.
,.25o
Hslf pint.
..ZSOo
FLOOR  ENAMEL, hslf
gsl 11.76
Qusrt   80o
WALLPAPER CLEANER,
"Smoky City," psr tln....25c / GOLD BRONZE, for picture
Two tins -46o       frames, 28c tins  16o
All other shades, gallon.82.40
Hslf gsllon 81.26
Qusrt ...„ .860
Pint L 86o
Hslf pint 26s
PUTTY—1-Ib. tins	
10c
WHITE LEAD in Mb. tins * .	
lOn
MUBASCO and ALABASTINE, in 5-lb. packages,
suffl-
tto
DAVID SPENCER
LIMITED
BOOKBINDERS' LOCAL UNION NO.
105—Meets third Tuesday in every
month, ln Room 206 Labor Temple.
President, F. J. Milne; vice-president, H.
Perry; aeeretary, Oeorge Mowat, 616
Dunlevy avenue.  '
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpws
Pf America, Vancouver Lodge No. l?4—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m
President, F. Barclay, 3ES Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser. 1161 Hows Street
CIOARMAKERS' LOCAL, NO. HM--
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President, Oeo. Qerrard; secretary,
Robert J. Craig, KurU Cigar Factor};
treasurer, S. W. Johnson- -
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHER S',
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division Nq. 1—Meets 10:30 a.m.
third Sunday ln month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 482, Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. T. Oberg,
Box 483, or 1008 Burrard street.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS', LOCAL NO.
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 6 p.m. President S. S.
Duff; recording secretary, L, R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent, F. L. Est-
Inghniwen. Room 202.    Sey. 8848.
LONG8HOREMEN8' INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 88 x 62—Meeta
every Friday evening, 1SS Water atreet
President, G. J. Kelly; secretary, Thos.
Nixon. 188 Water street
MACHINISTS', NO. 182—MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m
President, Chas. Mattlnson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; flnanclal aeeretary,
J. H, McVety.    Bey. 6860.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
Union, Local No. 146, A. F. of M.~-
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street President, J, Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English: secretary, C.
P. Howett; treasurer, W. Fowler.
OPERATIVE PLASTERERS* INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION, No. 80—
Meets first and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. President, G. Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumpter; financial secretary, D. Scott: treasurer, I. Ty-
»on; business agent, & R. Still. Phone
Sey. .1614. 	
B, C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—
Meets ln annual convention in January. Executive omcers, 1913-14: President, Christian Slvertz; vice-presidents,
J. Kavanagh, J, Ferris, A. watchman, G
A. Burnes, J. W. Gray, Jas, Cuthbertson,
J J. Taylor; sec-treas., V. R. Midgley.
Box 1044, Vancouver.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meots flrst and third Thursdays.
Executive board: H. C. Benson, president; W. Manson, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, general secretary. Room 210
Labor Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer;
W. Foxcroft, statistician: W, J. Pipes,
sergeant-at-arms; F. A. Hoover, V, R.
Midgley, J. H. McVety, trustees.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LTD.—
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P,
Pettipiece, John McMillan, Murdock McKenzle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free. Managing director, J. H. McVety, Room 211.
Sey. 6860.
ALLIED  PRINTING   TRADES   COUNCIL—Meets Snd Monday ln month.
President, Geo. Mowat; secretary, F. R.
Fleming, P.O. Box 66.
AMALOAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey, 2908. Business agent J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a,m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
H. McEwen, Room 209, Labor Templo,
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wed-
nesday ln Room $03. ,
BAKERS'  AND  CONFER
Honors' Local No. 46—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:80 p.m. President,   J.   Kinnalrd;   corresponding   secretary,   VV,
I   Rogers,  Room 220, Labor
Inancial  secretary,  P.  Robin-
BARBERS' LOCAL, NO. 120—MEETS
second Thursday, 8:80 p. m. Pres]
dent, C, Hald; recording secretary,
Geo, W. Isaacs; secretary • business
agent, C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 6 to 7 p.m.
Sey. 1776.  _
BARTENDERS' LOCAL NO. 676.—OF-
flee Room 208 Labor Temple, Meets
first Sunday of each month. President,
Wm. Laurie; financial secretary, A. Mac-
Donuhl, Room 208 Labor Temple. Phone
Seymour 1764. ■
COOKS", WAITERS' AND WAITRESSES'
Union.—Meets flrst Friday ln each
month, 8:30 p.m., Labor Temple. W. E.
Walker, business representative. Offlce:
Room 203, Labor Temple. Hours: 9 a.m.
to 10:30; 1 p.m. to 2:30 and 6 p.m. to 8:68
p.m. Competent help furnished on short
notice.   Phone Sey. 3414.
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPEN-
ters and Joiners, Local No. 617.—
Meets Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 8
p.m. President, A- Richmond; recording
secretary, Jno. Geo. Porter, 306 Labor
Temple: flnanclal secretary, O. W. Williams, 306 Labor Temple; treasurer, L.
W. Dezlel, 806 Labor Temple. Phone,
Bey. 1380. _.	
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meets'' Ashe's hall, Twenty-first
and Fraser Ave., first-and third Thursday of each month, 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, J. w,
Dlckieson; recording secretary, Thon,
Lindsay, Box 86, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt. Lindsay; conductor, A. Conahor;
warden, E. Hall.	
DRIDOE AND STRUCTURAL IHON
. WORKERS' International Union,
Local 07—Meets second and fourth Friday, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President
T, A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
788 Semlln Drive, phone Sey. 639.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO.  1
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
""*    President James Haslett; carr-as-
iondlng secretary,  W. S.  Dagnall,  Box
"    -     idal
agi   _
U5,   Sey. 8799.
  -.- _. Dagm _.
JJj flnanclal   secretary,  F.  R.   Brown;
business  agent, W,  8.  Dagr.aU,  Room
ELECTRICAL WORKER&, LOCAL NO.
218,—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vice-
oresldent, Geo. R. Moulton; recording
secretary, A. F. Gibson. Labor Temple;
financial secretary, Robt. Robinson;
treasurer, Harold T. Johnson; business
agent H, -A. Jones, Room 207, Labor
Temple.
PAINTERS',    PAPERHANGERS'    AND
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H, Murry: financial secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St: recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 8;
business ngent, W. J. Nagle.
STONECUTTERS', VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, 8:00
n.m. President, J. Marshall; corresponding secretary,' Wm. Rowan, Box 1047:
financial secretary, K. MoKenalo,
.sTI-sH/TVPFRS* AND ELECTROTYP
era' Union, No. 88, of Vancouver
and Victoria—Meets second Wednesday
of eaoh month, 4 p.m., Labor Temple.
President. Chas. Bayley; recording secretary, Chris Homewood, 249 18th Ave.
East
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division No, 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2 p.m., and flrst
nnd third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Scbofleld; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, 2636 Trinity Street;
financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover, 2409
Clnrk drive.
*% o.
NEW WESTMINSTER TRADES &
. Labor Council—Meeta every second
and fourth Wednesday at I p.m., In
Labor Halt - President R. A. Stoney;
flnanclal secretary, J, B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D. Grant, P. O. Box
984.   The public is Invited to attend.
AMALOAMATED   SOCIETY   OF   CARPENTERS AND JOINERS meets every
second  and  fourth  Thursday  of  each
month ln Labor Temple, corner of Royal
Ave. and Seventh St, at 8 p.m, President J. L. Hogg, Hankey Blk., Sapperton;  Secretary, A. McDonald; 881 Royal
Ave., New Westminater.
PLUMBERS' and STEAMFITTERS' LO-
cal 486—Meets every seoond and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall,
7:30 p.m. President, D. Webster; secretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 966, New
Westminster, B, Oi    :
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-
_ penters, Looal Union No. 1688—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street President, M. C. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Templt, New
Westminster, B. C.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL 784—MEETS IN
Labor Temple, New Westminster, corner Seventh street and Royal avenue,
every second Sunday of each month, at
1:30 p.m. President P. Paulsen; secretary, 8. W. Jameson. Visiting brothers
Invited,
nnroi wnn, *.c.
PRINCE RIIPIERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
Union No. 413—Meets last Sunday
in month at Carpenters' Hall. President Glenn Searle; secretary-treasurer,
W. P. Black, P.O. Box 849.    	
WW!* tnrtom.
KIMBEHLEY MINERS' UNION, NO. 100
We>tern Federation of Miners-
Meets Sunday evenings, In Union Hall,
President ,E. A. Hlnes; secretary-treasurer, M  P| Vllleneuve, Klmberley^B.C.
LADYSMITH MINERS' UNION, LOCAL
_r No. 2888. U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. President, Sam Outhrle; secretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladysm'.th, B, C.
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U.M.W. Of A.
—Meets every Sunday In District
Offlce, Vendome Hotel, at 7:80 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B. C.
ROSSLAND MINERS' UNION, NO. 88,
_ Western Federation ot Miners-
Meets every Wednesday evening, In
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement Theatre for rent
President, Sam Stevens; secretary, Herbert Varcol, Box 421. Rossland, B. C.
TRAIL MILL AND SMELTERMEN'S
Union, No. 106, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:80 p.m. President,
Oeorge Caste!I; secretary, Frank Campbell, Box 26, Trail, B. C*
STEAM ENGINEERS, INTERNATIO.Y-
al Local 397—Meets every Wednesday, 8 p.m., Room 201, Labor Temple,
Financial secretary, E. Prendergast,
Room 216.
LOCAL SANDON, B.C., NO. 86, S. P. OF
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30
j.m. in the Sandon Miners' Union Hall.
Communications to be addressed Drawer
K, Sandon, B. C.
TAILORS. JOURNEYMAN TAILORS'
UNION OF AMERICA, Local No. 178
—Meetings held flrst Tuesday In each
month, 8. u.m. President, J. T. Ella-
worth; recording and corresponding secretary, W. W. Hocken. P. O. Box-603:
Inancial secretary, L. Kakely, P. O. Box
ro3. .	
T!LB  LAYERS'" AND  HELPERS',   LO-
oal   No.   82—Meets   flrst   and   third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m.   Presl-
-Vnt J.  Kavanagh; secretary, E. A. E.
VniTl«nn. 1769 Eleventh Ave. East.
VANCOUVER LETTISH LOCAL NO.
68, s: P. of C—Holds Its business
meetings every flrst Sunday in tha
month, and educational meetings every
third Sunday In the month In Room
"11, Labor Temple.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. 226—
Meets last Sunday each month, 2
p.m, President A. E. Robb; vice-president, A. H. England; secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
TZOTOBXA, B. O.
VICTORIA     TRADES     AND     LABOR
Council—Meets flrst and third Wednesday, Labor Hall, 781 Johnson street,
at 8 p.m. President, A. Watchman, secretary, L. H. Norrls, Labor Hall, Victoria, B.C.        ________       	
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-
penters and Joiners, Victoria
Branch. Meets every Thursday, 8 p.m.,
Labor Hall, Johnson St., Victoria. Business Agent. B. Simmons. Offlce hours,
8 to 0 a.m., 1:30 to 2:30, 4:30 to 6:80
n.m. Secretary, A, E, Wrench; offloa
hours, 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 6:30
p.m.; phone 2688. P. O, Box 770, Victoria. B. C.
Socialist Party Directory
LOCAL NELSON, 8. P. of C, MEETS
„ .every Friday at 8 p,m., ln Miners'
Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary.      	
LOCAL VANCOUVER OF SOCIAL
DEMOCRATIC PARTY — Meeta
for business and propaganda every
Tuesday at 8 p.m. ln Dominion Hall, Pender St. Public meetings ln Dominion Theatre, Granville St.. Sunday evenings. Secretary, O. L. Charlton, City Market,
Main street
Easy times often account for hard
habits.
g^p^^htfa^a
AND
Porter
Or America rJ&tf*
______ STMDI WMSMISTMtD ISO. |
Short Lessons in
HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Oo you know that Tungsten lumps give three times
the amount of light obtained from a oarbon lamp
nth the same consumption of current?
Would it not bo advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting?
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter olerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary oarbon lamp.
For the eonvenienoe of our customers we
oarry a full line of Tungsten lamps of an
approved type in stock
Csrrsll snd
Hsstings Street
B.O.ELEGTRIG
VANCOUVER, B. C,
1138 Grsnville St.
near Dsvls FRIDAY,..
...MAY tf., 1818
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
New Middy Blouses
IW THE JPKIOB STQBS
We show an excellent range of these popular models
for girls of 8 to 16 years of age. Ton will do particularly
well to tee them if yon require anything in that line. For
style and quality represented, the price* are decidedly
moderate. Note thefe:
de-
Middy blouses in white,
with navy, scarlet and
saxe blue collar and
cuffs, and laced with
cord to match, at....$2,00
Middy blouses with
tachable collar and
cuffs; come in white, in
plain or Norfolk style,
at..,....-..: :.-J2.00
Norfolk middy blouses, with patent leather belt; come in
white, with collar and cuffs of navy, saxe, blue or
scarlet, at ■' :.. .jMO
dnrihm Srptalr, Ufotttrii
575 Gramille Street      Vancouver, B. C. '
Campbell's Clothing
Is Made to Wear--and It Wears
Our Special
at
$25£2
BROWN, BLUE and GREY
IS A REAL MONEY SAVER
Clothing Msn
*».■*•.'.''" i CHAMBERS \ »-**?"*•
St. East
JAMES STARK__&
ZaSTOKU ST.  WHST
■stwsss Abbott t— Cm—,
Charming Assembly of New Spring Suits for Women
The most bewitching styles that ever a spring has seen are here on
display. Some of tbem ln our window today. The unusual beauty of
these new spring suits Is ln a great measure due to the superior quality of
materials, perfect workmanship and colors, which make them the most
attractive suits we have ever shown, Practicability Is the great feature
of theae garments. They are designed in the newest and most up-to-date
styles; smartly tailored, daintily finished and most becoming to all women.
A Few Distinctive Models Are Briefly Outlined Here
Smart navy tailored suits, of fine
French serge with semi-fltted.
coats, notched collars and revers.
The coats aro cut with either thf
new straight or cut-away fronts,
with breast pocket and lined with
grey satin. Skirts aie ln two-
panel styles, showing new side effects. Price 985.00 and 930.00
Handsome suit of light .grey-
Bedford cord. The coat Is out on
straight lines with two-button fastening and rounded front, coat collar and black satin revers, three-
button fastening, lined with
grey satin. Neatly cut skirt,
showing pleats on side
Price	
gores.
. 939,00
Dressy tan suit, made of the new
plpltn material. .The coat shows
cut-away front and fancy shaped
back, collar and cuds, smartly
trimmed with cream and brown
Eponge, two-button fastening,
lined with ton messallne. The
skirt Is made with high waist line
and hew wide front.   Price 940.00
Fancy black and white Bedford
cord suit. The coat haB a slightly
cut-away front, fancy shaped collar and blac ksatln revers, three-
button fastening, tailored sleeves
with fancy cuffs, lined, with grey
satin. Four-pieced skirts with
panel front and back. Price f"* "
Stoves mp Ranges
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
OWEN & MORRISON
PHONE FAIR. 447.
2337 MAIN STREET.
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE STREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
?Sr PiVarQ tobaccos
Your -uigars MAGAZINES
at the Labor Temple Cigar Store and Newstand
"The Smiling Scotchman on the Job"
Honest snd Artistic
Dentistry
The most scientific and
up-to-date-methods
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION TRUST BLDG.
Open from 9 s.m. to 6 p.m.
RING   UP   SEYMOUR   2364   FOR   APPOINTMENT
101-4 BANK OF OTTAWA BUILDING
602 Haitings Street West
DR. BRETT ANDERSON~Den//s/
0, Operate, by ihe latest, moit scientific and psinleti methods
Specialist in Crown, Bridge, Plate snd Geld Inlay Work
Hours,9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Fanning, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
$t PER ACRE
TERMS: Residence on the land (or al least
two years; improvements lo the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
v yesrs, snd the balance of $ 160 (i.e. $ 120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to (
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
WAGE WORKERS'FORUM
IMMIGRATION.
Causes snd Effects,
Editor B. C. Federatlonist—During
the lsst few montbs, as In tbe spring
time ot previous yesrs, the old country
■not poured, and le still pouring her
never ceasing tide of Immigration Into
this country.
Various reasons have been given by
the newly arrived Immigrant ss to
why he left home. The one mostly
In evidence In former years being Inability to obtain a lob, but according
to press reports an unprecedented
trade boom has struck the old
country this year. Tet the majority
of the newcomers have left their
homes snd lobs to seek their fortunes
in the Golden West.
Now, considering thst that majority
had tbe means whereby they might
obtain the necesssriss of life, (the'
Job) and a great many of them hsd
homes, there must surely be some
other reason underlying their motives
In emigrating.
Beautiful lurid pictures ot the Dominion are being scattered broadcast
throughout the British Isles snd.
European countries by government
snd booking agents, snd thst prince of
gratters, the Salvation Army.
According to literature concocted
by very vivid Imaginations published,
printed snd distributed by these same
Judas's of Bociety, Canada Is a veritable paradise for the working class,
the result of this being that the worker, (being, as s rule, easily gulled)
starts dreaming, while the little
microbe, Discontent, hss set Jn and is
gradually forcing Its victim on.
No need to go any further, or enter
into any more deliberations to unravel the causs of emigration.
Through the circulation of the fore-
mentioned literature, with Its glowing
pictures of prosperity, discontent has
firmly embedded Itself ln the minds
of the working class ot Oreat Britain.
But Instead ot that discontent making
them turn their thoughts to endeavoring to remedy matters at home,
they, In the majority of cases, decide-
to strike out for the Land of the
Maple. Australia, or whichever
country they consider has the greenest
fields.
Comparing their conditions as wage-
Blaves (to term many of them as such
would make them highly Indignant)
at home, to the "dope" published by
tbe capitalist class, well, any of these
countries boosted' by that Class or
their representatives evidently must
be a Mecca for the working class.
Heredity and environment having
taught them to be humble and docile
to their masters, and to at all times
study their Interests, any Intellectual
ability they may possess Is used In
thst direction.
When that feeling of discontent
which permeates the minds of the
working class ln the old country or
anv other country, makes them do a
little of the thinking for themselves,
then, and then alone, can they expect
tangible results.
To obtain an idea of the effects of
this ever-Increasing Immigration, one
has only to take a stroll along some of
the principal streets, of this' city and
see the army of unemployed ln their
quest for work.
Within the last few weeks a num.
ber of newly arrived immigrants have
been found shot dead by their own
hands, having committed eutclde
rather than face death by slow starvation. I wonder how many of the
newspapers In the old country came
rut with headlines or editorials on
this phase of tne immigration question.
In this city that king of boosters,
the Progress club, have become In-
occulated with the Idea that It would
be a good thing for the olty to have
half a million of a population within
another couple of years.
Only a few days ago they suddenly
took a hunch to themselves and found
that with the population at present In
Vancouver, there Is not sufficient employment to keep all the slaves at
work, so they have Inaugurated a
free employment bureau. Where ln
the name of goodness does their consistency come Int
Towards the latter end of last year
the writer was approached by one ot
the "fair" agents (women are cheaper
and have more winning ways) of the
half million league to place hts signature tn a book as being ln favor of
this proposition and to give a small
donation, ln return for which he would
receive a small pin advertising this
league.
On asking what was to be done with
this Increased population on their arrival, considering there was Insufficient employment for those already
here at that time, he received no reply, but Instead dieted the following
information from the young lady:
"Up until several weeks ago I was
employed tn a department store on
Hastings street, but trade being quiet
I got fired. I hunted all over this city
for weeks looking tor work, but was
unable to obtain It, and not wishing to
go on the street to earn my living, If
I could possibly avoid It, on receiving
this chance as an agent for the half
million league, I took lt until something else would turn up."
Ob, the Irony of ltt Here was a
poor girl, who, (all due respeqt to
her) rather than face a life of shame,
was compelled by economic conditions
to advocate a cause which she knew
In her own heart by bitter personal
experience, was to throw not only herself but hundreds ot her class on an
already overstocked labor market.
Here Is a concerte example of the
conditions which are responsible for
so many fallen women In this and
other cities.
Good government leagues, minis-
terfal-associations and hosts of other
would-be reformers sre persistently
demanding the Imprisonment or deportation of these unfortunate victims
of the present day wage system.
If they displayed the same energy
towards the uprooting and abolition
of the conditions which compel men to
commit suicide and women to lead a
life of shame, then would they be performing a useful function ln society.
Remove the cause snd watch the
effect. HUGH J. McEWBN.
LABOR'S TIME TO RISE. ,
"Labor has been the underdog too long. It Is time that
the men and women of labor
were up and doing. It Is time
that they were taking Intelligent steps to gat together. Ths
hour ot awakening ts here.
Those who rule the world fear
this awakening. Tbey know
their days of power are num-
breed tbe moment the workers
unite. To destroy that spirit
of unity the cunning servsnts
of the capitalists will resort to
sny means, fair or foul. The
press of the day Is pretty much
at tbslr command. They can
use" It to spread the seed of
dlssentlon In the ranks of labor. They hsve sn srmy of professional hirelings thst they use
to fool snd befuddle the workers. It Is high time that the
workers ceased to allow themselves to be swayed by such
means. It Is high time that the
workers began to seek their Information in their own press In-'
stead of depending upon the
poison and falsehood dished out
to them In the press controlled
by Interests that desire to keep
labor Ignorant, helpless snd,
above all things else, divided."
B. C. F. IF L. ACTIVITIES
Llbsrtjr ana ths Orsst Libertarians.
Just off the press—Sprading's Handbook of Freedom, the book of the hour
for all radicate and thoughtful people.
Presents quickly and succinctly the best
utterances of the greatest thinkers on
every phase of human freedom. Selected and arranged, with preface, introduction, and index, by Charles T. Spradlng.
ThlB Is the first anthology on the subject of equal liberty.
Its author contends that tho principle
of equal liberty Ib workable in every
department of social and Industrial life.
and that Its intelligent application
would minimise to the point of final
extinction all difficulties between man
and mun and between, man and the state.
From over 200 orlglal sources the best
that has been written since Edmund
Burke's day to the present on the tbeory
and the application of equal liberty.
Many valuable quotations from hitherto Inaccessible sources.
Arranged for Immediate reference to
any subject or author, with complete
Index and comprehensive table of contents.
Mr. Spradlng'B Introduction—clearly,
strongly, and tersely written—Is a most
complete and Intelligent presentation of
the practical side of the modern Libertarians' entire program.
Set In large tyi
644 pages, neatly
bound, postpaid 11.60.
Trade supplied and single orders
filled by
CHARLES T,  SPRAD1NO,
6829 Broad St., Los Angelea.
Set In large type, leaded, easy to read,
"' " *   durably
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cloth-
BUILDING TRADES
COUNCIL ONTO MORE
STRIKES STRIDE
Offlcen and Delegate* Resolve to
Put Organisation on Active
Working Basil
The regular weekly meeting of the
Building Trades Council wss called to
order Friday evening at 8:15 p. m„
President MacDonald presiding.
All officers answered roll-call, and
the minutes of previous meeting approved as read.
Credentials from the Teamsters for
H. J. Cady were read and accepted,
and delegate seated. Delegate Blumberg was accepted - as substitute for
Delegate Alexander of the Steam
Engineers.
Communications from the International of Granite Cutters and the
Building Trades Department were
read and on motion ordered filed;
Visiting committee reported having
visited the following unions: Sheet
Metal Workers, Plumbers, Steam Engineers, Tllelayers, Plasterers) Granite
Cutters, Stonecutters.
Committee from Hodcarrlers Local
280 were given the floor to make a
statement regarding the revocation of
their charter, and after hearing same
a committee was sppolnted to investigate and report back to the council.
Committee:  Nagle, Blumberg, Kelly.
Granite Cutters' delegates reported
being present for the purpose of investigating and Inquiring on behalf of
their union the attitude of the council
towards existing agreements between
the various unions and their employers, and they were advised tbat it wss
the Intention of the council to respect
all existing agreements.
Re award of Building Trades Department on Haddington Island stone.
The secretary was instructed to write
the department asking for a copy of
their award.
The following delegates answered
roll-call: Painters, Steam Engineers,
Blomberg; Nagle, Matheson, Staples,
U. B. District Council ot Carpenters,
MacDonald, Chlsholm, Williams;
Lathers, Haberbush; Teamsters,
Kelly, Barry, Cady; Elevator Constructors, none present; Marble Cutters, none present. Visitors, Granite
Cutters, Fordyce, Phillips, Opey. Local
230 Hod Carriers, 8. Swift.
After some discussion the following
committee was appointed to devise
ways and means of putting an organiser ln the field for the Teamsters,
with the object of strengthening that
organisation. Committee: Kelly,
Chlsholm, Matheson, Staples.
Resignation of Chairman Haberbush
of the visiting committee was accepted
and Delegate Sully appointed to fill
the vacancy,
The council adjourned at 10 p.m.
Receipts, 822; expenses, nil.
E. STAPLES, Secretary.
"Jack" Orssslck st Large.
3. F, Grasslok, of the Winnipeg
Stereotypers and Electrotype™, Is
making a tour of the prairie provinces
In the Interests of the union. A large
number of the dally papsrs In the
growing towns and cities of Alberta
and Saskatchewan now operate stereotyping plants and the expectation Is
tbat five or six new unions will be Instituted.—The Voice.
New S. P. Executive In U. S.
The new national executive committee of the U. S. socialist party Is as
follows: Adolph Germer of Illinois,
Victor L. Berger of Wisconsin, James
H, Maurer of Pennsylvania, George H.
Goebel of New Jersey and J. Still Wilson of California.
The Northwestern Photo-Engravers'
Association are glng to meet for the
third time ln three years. Portland Is
the place, June 0, 10 and 11 the time.
The Orphum.
No more auspicious announcement
could be made than the approaching,
performance of "The Son of Solomon"
as presented by Hugh Herbert and
company as the headline attraction at
the Orpheum.
In the ornate arjectlves of tbe circus
publicity representative Ray Thompson's High school horses represent
the equestraln sensation of the dsy.
A charming Instrumental .offering
will be contributed by Mae Dolly and
Charles Mack, a violinist and a guitar
soloist of concert caliber,
A pair of splendid performers who
have been big favorites In the east
are making their initial tour or the
Sullivan & Consldlne circuit.
Something different in the dancing
line will be presented by Elliott &
West, "The Dancing Clowns," who
offer some difficult and out of the ordinary dancing.
Wilton and Merrick are comedy
gymnasts who excite merriment with
their droll antics on ths trampoline
and horizontal bars.
Editor B. C, Federatlonist: Replying to your letter of the 20th Inst requesting Information as to the result
of the recent referendum vote submitted to the membership of ths B. C.
Federation ot Labor regarding change
In the constitution, covering represen-
tatioh, ss well as any other Information regarding affiliations or acts and
progress of the Federation.
I regret to ssy thst I cannot at ths
present moment supply tbe result of
the referendum on the constitution, ss
the executive has not met since the
convention closed snd the meeting
held Immediately after, to arrange and
attend to such matters as heeded our
consideration before we separated. •
The disbursements provMed for snd
which hsd to be met during the first
six months of tbe year exceeded by
several hundred dollars the monies
available at the beginning of the convention.. Collections, are rather difficult at all times, but more so,the
flnt hslf of the yesr; all of which hu
resulted In limiting the sctivlttes of
the executive to a campaign of correspondence.
The results of thoroughly organised
and advertised tours of personsl campaigns, with .the spell of the magnetism
possessed by able speakers, are some
times doubtful snd seldom Immediate.
It naturally follows that an effort
which Is confined to the writing of letters csnnot accomplish much, Tet
we do not despair nor desist, but go
right shesd. In spite of this heavy
handicap, snd Several other disadvantages, we expect to make s substantial
gain In membership during the yesr.
Besides correspondence, the mem-
' bers of the executive do what they can
ln their respective localities where
they reside.  .
In addition to the organisation
whose appllcstlon wss announced by
Secretary Mldgley earlier In the year,
some applications bsve taken place
since; Just how many I cannot ssy, ss
I have not the particulars.
I spent the First of May among the
miners of Ladysmlth and Nanalmo
and attended meetings In the Miners'
hall at the flrst named place, took part
ln their parade, watched the sports,
saw the children'play and the women
work and arrange and plan for the success of the celebration, and lt proved
to be a thoroughly enjoyable and successful observance of the International
Labor Dsy. In the evening, accompanied by Vice-President Taylor, I attended a meeting of the miners In
South Wellington, while a monster
msss meeting was addressed bv some
of the best speakers on the Island, at
Nanalmo. The result of the day's
Work wss the launching of a general
strike among the miners of the Island,
which bids fair to be both the most Important and most successful event In
the lsbor movement of the Province
this year.
In considering the nrogress of the
Federation, or the lack of tt. the part
played by that condition In the Industrial world known as unemployment,
as well as precariousness of employment, constitutes one of the great difficulties tn shy organising effort; real
estate booms snd real estate elumns
adding their onota to the tribulation
of the agitator. On the other hand such
successes as sre met with cannot be
ascribed to the credit of the Influence
ot the organiser, for while he Is an
Important factor, due allowance must
be made for the Judgment possessed
by the members themselves. For after
all they are their own Salvationists.
Before they will organise they must
be ln a frame of mind that enables
them to see the necessity of organizing.
Bearing this In mind, I am not afraid
of the future. I am not afraid as to
the successful progress of the labor
movement. I am convinced that the
progress of the workers towards Industrial liberty Is sufficient unto Itself.
I have faith In the ability of the workers accomplishing their own deliverance from economic bondage. I believe that what {he working class
needs ln order to obtain (ts rights Is
service rather than leadership from Its
members, and that I propose to render
to the best of my ability.
CHRISTIAN SIVERTZ.
May Dsy st Lsdysmlth.
The May Day demonstration at
Ladysmlth, B, C, was a great success
from every standpoint At least 6,000
people were In the parade. The men
were addressed by P. Williams, J.
Place, G. Pettigrew, R. Foster, Emit
Henrlckson, F. Gats, T. Russell, C.
Slvertz and others.
The witness was a negro woman,
whose reply to every query wss, "I
think so."
Finally the opposing lawyer rose snd
pounded on the dsk. "Now, you look
here," he roared, "you cut out that
thinking business and answer my
questions.. Now talk."
"Mr. Lawyer Man," said the witness,
"Mr. Lawyer Man, you all will have to
'scuse me. I ain't like you all 'terneys,
I catn't talk without thlnkln'.'—Kansas
City Times.
rrvorsts or coat uinra nmov-
LAHOM.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion,
in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and ln a portion of the Province
of British Columbia, may be leased for
a term of twenty-one years at an annual
rental of 11 an acre. Not more than
2,660 acres will be leased to one applicant.
Application for lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or
Sub-Agent of tho district in which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory tho land must be
described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and ln unsurveyed territory tile tract applied for shall be
staked by the applicant himself,
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of IS, which will be refunded If
tbo rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall bo
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating tile mine shall
furnish tho Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rlghta
arc not being operated, such returns
should bo furnished at least once a year.
The lease will Include tho coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of tho mine at the
rate of $10 an acre.
For full Information application
should be made to the Secretary of tho
Department of the Interior, Ottawn, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion
Lands.
W. H. CORY,    v
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorized publication of
tbls advertisement will not be paid for.
Sale of Summer Goods
HONIGS
ALL     GOODS     GUARANTEED
LAWN MOWERS   SCREEN DOORS
GRASS SHEARS  GARDEN HOSE
SCREEN WINDOWS
Look Over These Prices
Oak Orslnsd tcresn Doers
all slsss Ns
Ste Window Screens....  fOo
8to Window Screens.   its
Ho Window Screens ...  lte
11.28 Ward A Psyns Crass
Shears   Me Mr
12c   last   t>Ply   Rubber
Hess Ss foot
»1M0   High   Wheel   Sail
■sarins Uwn Mswsrs H.1S
IMS Uwn Sprinkler*-... TSs
•1.29 Handled Axss  KM
Mo Steel Oardsn Hess  Mo
Ststls Brim Famous Oar.
den Seeds, I pkgs -._—. Me
MM Elsetrle Irons, IS yr.
gusrants* _.._ . _, SMS
St JO PMh Reds __; SIM
H
ONIG STORE
LIMITED
56*60 HASTINGS STREET EAST
'   Phone Seymour 3472-3473
s
THE MUSICIANS UNION
wish to announce that Mr. Franklin and members of his orchestra
are not members of the Musicians
Union. When engaging music for
your next dance or social, make
sure that your Orchestra is composed of UNION musicians.
1 For toll Infsnaatlon Phone Musicians' (total
Ssjr.7SM. MOIobson Street
Hardware and Tools
_ A splendid stock ot the best in the world's market.
We make a specialty of supplying every need and requirement ot the artisan in our line,
McTAGGART & MOSCROP
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 6M
Get Your Money's Worth
•UiHi; '^cvpHtfWBUJ^O^
FIGHTING TUBERCULOSIS
Uni<
mon
Label
The use of the label on your printing; (no extra cost to you)
will help us do our duty in fighting tuberculosis
f___s   V^E22£ Wheipi\rr\ lil tic mow- -unt
^PRESIDENT
\W_\_t7.   ^liqPFNinFDC
I
SUSPENDERS
"Work with the President and
the President works with you"
This Old
German Brew
Will certainly please
you, because of its
extra mildness, its
rich, malty flavor,
and its crystal purity.
It's a masterpiece of
the brewers art—
brewed from the
purest mountain water in America.
Pints or Quarts in light
bottles at all dealers
$1.00 and $2.00
THE DOZEN
3§et0eib PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY......... .MAT Ji. IMS
Money-Saving Prices
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
House Furnishings
See the Provinoe and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a oopy.   A postoard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
STRIKE .OK
WHnersKeep^wajr
"THE strike is still on at th*
1 Queen Mine and Silver
Dollar, at Sheep Creek, B, C.
All working men urged to stay
away until this strike Is settlsd.
Obdeb Twb Mix-bus' Union
SWEATERS
For All Occasions
For ysehtlng, motor boating,
tramping, camping, hunting, golfing, sailing, fishing, touring, pick-
nicking, losflng or working.
T. B. Cuthbertson
* COMPANY, LIMITED
S4S Hastings W.  «S0 Oranvllle
S19 Hastings W.
MULCAHY'S CAFETERIA
THE BEST OF
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street VV.
Basement Hotel Cordova
FOR RELIABLE "BARGAINS"
See
W. TURNER'S
IMMENSE STOOK
Stoves, Usages, Crockery, Furniture and Household Goods.
Furniture Moving, Packing
and Storage.
ItS ORANVILLE STREET
Phons Ssy. 3746
HASTINGS
Furniture Co.
LIMITED
to
Wide-Awake Furniture
Company, Limited
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3687
EAST END CYCLERY
108 Hastings Street East
Agent for
INDIAN
Motocycles
MASSEY-HARRIS
BICYCLES
Cyole*  for Hire
Expert Repairing
W. H. Morrison
Phone Seymour 2794
FOB EXPERT
WATCH
and Jewelery
REPAIRING
CALL AND SIB
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hastings  Street West
SULTAN TURKISH BATHS
Most up-to-dsts Baths In ths elty.
Hot Room, Stesm Room, Mss-
ssge snd Swimming Tsnk, All
Included for Ons Price, 11,00.
BASEMENT HOLDEN BLDG.
- Hsstings snd Csrrsll Sts.
Pete Bsncrsft, Prop,
GO WITH
THE
BUNCH
TO THE
BRUNSWICK
POOL ROOMS
Mr. Union Man
Here is the plaoe to
buy a union-made
HAT
We oarry the largest
assortment of union-
made bats in
SOFT
STIFF
TWEED
VELOURS
—IN CANADA
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
8.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
$2.00 Hats
How About That Photo
You Promised Yonr Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main 8tPormerlyat440
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Par Yesr
Miners' Mussina 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
IATENTS
In all countries. Aak for our INVENTOR'S AI)VIS'-'ll,wliioh will be sent free.
MARION ft MARION,
JM University St., Montrtil.
AMONG THE LOCAL UNIONS
BOW1B  BUCK  IMS  FOB SBTTWO.
11.00 for IS.  Apply "fosse, ipifMhouss,
JUST   OPENED
NEW STORE FOR MEN
JEFFS & CO.
714 MAIN STREET
High-Class Men's Clothing, Furnishings and Hats at
Reasonable Prices
SEE OUR SPECIAL PANAMA HATSAT$5
WE CARRY
UNION-MADE   GOODS
WHEREVER POSSIBLE
Bartenders1 Big Smoker.
Tbe Bartenders' smoker, held in
Dominion hall Thursday evening, was
a big success. There was an audience
ot five hundred gathered to enjoy the
evening's program. Pres. Laurie made
the opening address and introduced
frank Lavlgue as master of ceremonies.
Frank immediately got busy and
started things moving, ln keeping
with the motto of "Something Doing
Every Minute." The Terminus Orchestra discoursed sweet music between the athletic numbers and certainly made & hit with the big and responsive audience.
The Male Welsh choir sang their
best in their own superior way. The
Mainland quartette rendeerd their
choicest selections and all the vocal
numbers were received with prolonged, tumultuous applause.
Mr. Bull, of the Mainland Cigar Co.,
recited The Cremation of Sam Mc-
Gee," which was well received. Mr.
Tyler, a gentleman of wonderful vocal ability, rendered'Tyrolean melodies In a masterly manner. The principal event in the athletic numbers
was the three-round bout between
"Mysterious Billy Smith" and Tom
Kinslay of the Panama hotel. The
big fellows gave quite a clever exhibition that waa duly appreciated by the
audience.
Altogether, the affair was a big success from every standpoint. All present'enjoyed a good time. Harry Davis, of the Royal Oeorge hotel, says
that from his way of thinking, the
principal feature of the event was the
work Imposed on and performed by
the commissary.
Barbers' 8moks,
The Barbers' Union pulled off a
smoker last Tuesday evening,
"chiefly," Business Agent Bifrkhart
says, "to prove to The Federationist
that our union is very much alive and
that we have no Intention of surrendering our charter to the tender mercy
of the civic incinerator," At any rate
the tonsorlal artists and their friends
had a real night of tt. The programme
evidenced the fact that there is lots
of local talent among unionists.
Walker Gees to Denver.
W. E. Walker, business agent of the
culinary tradeB, has been elected to
attend the Denver convention of Hotel
and Restaurant Employees on June
9th. While Mr. Walker Is attending
the convention In the Joint interest of
all hotel employees, his credentials
are as. representing the Bartenders'
League No. 676 of Vancouver.
- Streetrallway Employees.
Mangus Sinclair of the International
Streetrallway Employees'- Association
is ln the city this week, conferring
with looal officers relative to the new
wage schedule to be submitted to the
B. C. Electric Railway Co. shortly, to
replace the old one which expires on
June 30.
Bakers' Organizer Here.
Marcel Wille, general organiser of
Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union of America, with
headquarters at Chicago, arrived In
Vancouver yesterday afternoon from
Winnipeg. He was met by local officers of the Bakers at Labor Temple,
and no time will be lost In opening an
organization and label campaign.
CIVIC EMPLOYEES PROVE
CASE, BUT DISCHARGED
MEN NOT REINSTATED
(Continued from Page 1)
would be in harmony with the spirit
and Intention of the statute governing the. procedure, and it Is thought
that both parties to the present dispute will have this point well in mind
ln any action taken on the report Tbe
fact that the parties to the dispute are
wholly responsible as between themselves for the composition of the
board, and that the findings of the
board are wholly unanimous, would
seem to furnish, In the minister's
view, further ground for the cordial
acceptance by each party of the
board's report and findings.
Please Inform the department at
your earliest convenience with regard
to the attitude of the employees
towards the board's report, and
whether or not It will be accepted as
an adjustment of the differences referred under the statute."
Vancouver, B. C, May 7, 1913.
The Honorable the Minister of Labor,
Ottawa, Ont
In the Matter of the Industrial Disputes
Investigation Act 1907; and
In the Matter of a Dispute Between the
Civic Employees of the City of Vancouver and the Corporation of the
City of Vancouver. *
Sir,—The undersigned, members of the
Board of Conciliation appointed In this
matter, beg respectfully to. report as
follows:
Meetings of the board were held on
April 7, 14, 16, 16, 17, 28. 24, 25 and 28.
In addition, the chairman held a conference with the rftDrent*ntatlven of the
Civic Employees' Union on the 29th and
with the representatives of the City of
Vancouver on the 30th, with a view to
adjusting the matters In dispute, If possible, so ai to avoid the necessity of
making a formal report. This attempt,
however, failed.
The matters complained of an presented to the board were divided Into three
parts:
First, lt waa alleged by the Civic Employees' Union that discrimination
ngalnst union men had taken place In
the scavenging department of the City
of Vancouver. The representatives of
the city took the position before the
hoard that the city had no objection to
the existence of the Civic Employees
Union, and made their defence on the
ground that no such discrimination as
alleged had been Indulged In. So far as
members of the city council nnd city
engineer, Mr. Fellowes, are concerned,
this was shown to be true. In fact, no
evidence Whatever tending to Implicate
either such members or the engineer was
adduced.
The superintendent of the scavenging
department Is a Mr. Wylle, and his assistant foreman Is a Mr. Lee. In the
opinion of the board, discrimination has
taken place against members of the
Civic Employees* Union. For such discrimination they -consider Assistant
Superintendent Lee primarily responsible, but they believe he acted with the
knowledge-and concurrence of Superintendent Wylle. Since the beginning of
the year six men have been summarily
dismissed from the scavenging department Of these, four, were members of
the Civic Employees' Union, and two,
McBeth and Parker-Bruce, were prominent In carrying on a propaganda to obtain additional members for that union,
The other two men so summarily dismissed were apparently non-union men.
One was dismissed for drunkenness, and
the other for using abusive language to
a householder, both matters being In
the opinion of the board of so serious
n character as to justify drastic action.
McBeth was dismissed because It was
alleged by Lee, and corroborated to a
certain extent by two other laborers
under his employ, that McBeth had entered a cafe and spent some ten or
fifteen minutes there during working
hours. It was shown before the board
that the custom exists amongst scavengers In the city of Vancouver when doing work ln the business sections, to
accept offers of refreshment coffee and
such lkle, from the proprietors of cafes;
hotels, etc. In the opinion of the board
thia custom was known, to Assistant
Superintendent Lee, if not to Mr. Wylle.
Whilst the board was unanimously of
the-pj-tlnlon that a regulation should be
made by the city forbidding any such
practices, they are convinced that the
indulgence In same by McBeth was made
a pretext to get rid of him, and that If
he had not been a member of the Civic
Employees' Union he would not have
been so drastically dealt with. This was
clearly shown by the fact that a couple
of days after McBeth's dismissal, Lee
caught another employee doing the same
thing, but Instead of dismissing him
summarily, he warned him that such
practice must stop, adding that one man
had been dismissed because of same.
Parker-Bruce was dismissed for singeing the hind legs of his horse In the
stable with a lighted match. This was
undoubtedly to a certain extent dangerous, but again the board are convinced
that It was a pretext and not the real
cause of his dismissal. They think that
had he not been a union man of considerable activity, he would have been
warned. They agree that lt Is a serious
matter to "light a match' ln the stable,
but the evidence showed that although
there Is a' prohibition for smoking,
matches have at times been lit ln the
stables for the purpose of examining
horses. They think a stringent regulation should be passed by the city forbidding this to be done in the future.
The two other union men who were
dismissed were accused of waiting their
time during working hours. The evidence against them was that of Assistant Superintendent Lee and a foreman
under him called Rellly. Both of these
men,.In the opinion of the board, ln giving their evidence showed a bias against
the union.
It was also shown that Assistant
Superintendent Lee had directly under
him quite a number of his immediate
blood relations. The board considers lt
unwise for the city to have such' a condition of things continue, aB it ts very
likely to cause dissatisfaction and to
create the impression of favoritism,''
Whilst again agreeing that loitering
during working hours Is a grave breach
of discipline, the board believe that had
these' men not been members of the
Civic Employees' Union, they would not
have been so summarily dealt with.
They would have been warned, the board
believe. The four union men and presumably the other two as to whose
dismissal there was no evidence given,
except the mere fact that lt had taken
place, were summarily dismissed by
Superintendent Wylle without being
given a hearing or in fact knowing, ln
some cases at any rate,' why such action
was being taken. It appears to the
board that the power of taking such
drastic action in dealing with laborers
when vested, in a single official Is likely
to be abused, In the particular Instance
of Mr. Wylle, whilst undoubtedly he is
an admirable servant of the city, his
attitude before the board displayed not
only a bias against the Civic Employees'
Union, but Also an arbitrariness of character calling for the curtailment of the
unlimited powers he has apparently
hitherto had of dealing with the men
under him without giving them a hearing and without assigning a cause for
their dismissal. On this brand) of the
Inquiry, therefore, the board is of the
opinion that the Civic Employees' Union
have made out their case, but at the
same time they do not believe that the
actions of Assistant Superintendent Lee
and of Superintendent Wylle under all
the circumstances are such as to require anything further than an admonition of the methods In dealing with the
dismissal of men under them.
The next point raised by the men was
the contention that the employees of
the waterworks department of the city
engaged in digging trenches should have
their pay Increased by the rate of 2 tic
per hour. Apparently the basis for this
demand was that previous to a couple
of years ago the city did pay these men
something; more than they pay employees ln other departments. It was
explained, however, on the city's part
that about that period wages of common
labor were standardised by making 18
a day the regular rate in all departments. The board conceive that In dealing with matters of wage Increase when
such demands are made, not from a
business corporation which may be
shown to-be making large profits from
labor, but from a olty which must derive Its revenue from the taxation of
the community, they must proceed on
two principles: the first that every laborer must be paid a wage sufficient to
enable him to maintain himself and his
family ln a reasonable degree of comfort: the other, that that being granted,
the law of supply and demand must rule;
ln other words, if it can be shown that
the city Is paying such a reasonable
living wage, then there Is no reason why
It should be called upon to pay more
for labor than is being paid ln the open
market by contractors doing a similar
kind of work. It was admitted on the
port of the men that they could not
show that the rate of 13 a day for eight
hours' labor was not such a reasonable
living wage. It was shown on the part
of the city that such rate of-pay was
as high, if not higher, than Is paid by
any contractor in Vancouver and vicinity
doing a similar kind of work. The board,
therefore, la of the opinion that this
demand cannot be approved of, except
possibly under one minor head, It was
shown that in the sewer department of
the city where similar trench work Is
done, men working below a certain
depth from the surface are paid a somewhat higher rate. -It very seldom happens in the waterworks department that
such deep trenches ore dug, but it does
so happen on occasion. The board are
of We opinion that the city might well
favorably entertain the demand of the
men to the extent of paying any men
In the employ of the waterworks department at a greater depth than, say, 6
feet below the surface the same extra
wage as is paid to men ln the sewer
department working under similar conditions.
The third matter brought before the
board was an allegation of discrimination ln the maintenance department
This department employs, labor for the
purpose of maintaining the streets of
the city ln proper condition. Evidence
was given only in connection with one
gang, that ln Ward Four, there being
six wards ln the city. The representatives of the Civic Employees' Union put
forward a complaint that the foreman
of Ward Four, one Mr. Davis, was discriminating In the matter of the employment of men. Up to the time of the
board's sitting, these ward foremen had
the power of nlrlng and dismissing men,
although the board Is Informed that the
city has now altered the regulations so
as to take this power out of the foremen's hands and place lt In the hands
of the assistant city engineer, a move
which In the opinion of the board la to
be commended. Inasmuch, however, as
an adjustment of the dispute could not
be brought about the board deem lt
their duty to report upon the matter as
it existed at the time of the hearing.
The charge against Mr. Davis was
that he, being a member of a secret
society, gave employment to those who
were members or whom he thought were
likely to become members of such society in preference to others, and that
having hired likely candidates, he personally canvassed them with a view to
inducing them to join said society.
Twenty-three men employed under Mr.
Davis were called, and of these, fifteen
were shown to be members of the society ln question. Mr. Davis admitted
canvassing his men to join the said society. In the opinion of the board lt
was shown that that canvass.had proven
effective; several laborers after being
under his supervision for a few months
were shown to have joined. The twenty-
three men called Included practically all
laborers employed under Davis. Not a
single man of those working under him
was a memoer of the Civic Employees'
Union. It was shown that If lt became
necessary to lay-off men, members of
the order to which Davis belonged would
!>■ the lest to suffer. In the opinion of
the board, solicitation on the part of any
fti'Ma) amongst the men under him to
United Brotherhood of Carpenters.
Business has been somewhat ln
abeyance for the past couple of weeks,
owing to a number of circumstances
wblch we were unable to avoid.
Amongst other items our well known
business agent, O. W. Williams, bas
been on the slok list and our organizer
not having arrived on tbe field of work,
left us practically without business
support.. Anyway 1 am glad to say
"Oeorge" Is wltb us again and is endeavoring to hustle thingB Into shape.
On May 22 I received notification
from our general president, James
Kirby, that tn accordance with the
wishes of our district council, Brother
A. Watchman of Victoria, Is being appointed organizer, and we hope to have
him with us shortly and then—well
we shall see.
Our district council delegates have
been turning up very well to the different regular meetings, formulating
plans for organising work and are ln
good shape now, and ready to recover
our organizer and assist him In every
possible way for the betterment of
working conditions in Vancouver and
vicinity.
We .have received into our fold a
fair number of new members the past
few weeks and by the way, whilst I
am on tbe subject, I wish to acknowledge my error In'The B. C. Federatlonist, as pointed out by the press correspondent of the Amalgamated. The
error Is with regard to the Initiation fee,, so let me say that this Is
the last week that the Initiation fee
Is 96.00, as It was decided at a mass
meeting, called on April 24, of the
A..S. and U. B„ that the initiation fee
be raised to $10.00 on June 1. The concensus of opinion In the IT. B. Is that
anything worth having is worth paying
for.
I have received from our general
secretary, Prank Duffy, a copy of a
general agreement, as follows:
Qeneral Agreement.
Entered Into between the Australian Bo*
ciety of Progressive Carptenters and
oiners and the United Brotherhood of
Carpenters   and   Joiners of America
relative to traveling members;
*-       August 22   1912
So as to avoid misunderstandings and
confllctlons In the future between the
two organisations herein above mentioned, relative to traveling members, it
Is hereby agreed:
First. That members of the Australian Society of Progressive Carpenters
and Joiners coming from Australia to
America shall be admitted to membership In any local unton of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
of America on presentation of paid-up
due book or due card covering at least
one year's membership In the Australian
Society of Progressive Carpenters and
Joiners, free of any Initiation or entrance fee, and they sli'all be entitled to
the privileges nnd benefits of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
of America according to those sections
of the constitution of said organization
goverlng newly initiated members.
Second. Members of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
of America In good standing going to
Australia shall be admitted to membership In any branch of the Australian
Society of Progressive Carpenters and
Joiners free of any Initiation or entrance
fee, providing such members are in good
health, and they shall be entitled to all
the privileges and benefits of the Australian Society of Progressive Carpenters
and Joiners according to those sections
of the constitution of said society governing newly initiated members.
{Signed) FRANK DUFFY,
*■ General-Secretary.
Representing the United Brotherhood of
Carpenters  and   Joiners  of America.
(Signed) W. R, EDGAR.
General-Secretary.
C. J. McDEVITT, President.
Renresentlng the Australian Society of
Progressive   Carpenters   and  Joiners.
Evsry U. B. carpenter and prospective member should read and study
this agreement. It will be seen that
by Joining the U. B. In Vancouver that
any brother wishing to go to Australia can transfer just as if he were
going from one local to another in
America.
Our delegates to the B. T. council
are bringing back very favorable reports of this body. Apparently the
council Is gradually getting consolidated, as each week something of Importance happens to bring about this
condition. The policy of the council
Is not to dig up past history, but to
look after today and tomorrow and
the days that are to follow.
I will conclude by giving a few
reasons why good carpenters should
become members of the United Brotherhood:
1—In union there is strength.
2—It tends to raise wages.4
8—It resists reduction of wages.
4—It makes labor respected.
6—It gives independence and self-
reliance.
7—It develops brotherhood.
8—It helps the family.
9—It pays sick, disability and death
benefits.
10—Your common sense approves
it.
Now hoys, get busy and hustle along
some new members.   Now Is the time
to join, not later on.  So do It now.
JOHN O. PORTER.
join any society or any organisation Is
highly prejudicial to the Interests of the
city and Is very likely to create such a
condition as the board finds has been
proven here, vis., discrimination In favor
of the members or the likely candidates
for membership in the society or organisation on behalf of which the solicitation takes place. Since the sittings of
the board, the city have removed Davis
to another ward, and so far as the city
enirineer, Mr. Fellowes, or any other
official is concerned, there was no proof
adduced before the board that they.had
any knowledge of these practices on the
part of Davis, In view of the action
of the cltv, it does not seem necessary
that the board should make any recommendation other than the statement
hereinbefore contained In reference to
this feature of the Investigation.
We have the honor to be, sir, your
obedient servants,
'     (Sgd.) DENIS MURPHY,
Chairman.
(Sgd.) HY. O. ALEXANDER,
Commissioner on behalf of City of Vancouver.
(Sgd.) GEO. E. MoCROSSAN,
Commissioner on behalf of - Civic Employees' Union,
Business Agent McDonald Resigns.
A. McDonald, the genial busy business agent of the Bartenders' union,
has decided to resign, much to the disappointment of the barkeeps. Mc has
decided to break Into business for
himself and will leave the olty shortly
to take an Interest ln and charge of
an hotel at Harriott Bay. He will be
missed In Union Label League circles
and his successor will have to go
some to fill his place around the Labor Temple. Mac's Interest ln the labor
movement will stick for a long time
and The Federatlonist wouldn't he
surprised to see him back tn the whirl
the very first time he gets half an
excuse.
J. A. Smith Is this morning announced as Mr. McDonald's successor.
New York Speaker at Lsbor Temple.
Wm, Edlln, a New York Yiddish
Journalist and lecturer, will be the
speaker at a masB meeting In labor
Temple on Sunday evening next, June
1, to be held under the auspices of
Branch 356 of the Workmen's Circle.
Mr. Edlin'e subject will be "The
Greatest Drama of the Present Age,"
and the address will be delivered in
Yiddish.
Good and Reliable
WINES
and LIQUORS
Always to bs had at ths
Imperial Wine
Company
54 Cordova Stbhbt West
Phone Set, 956
Men's Suits
$i$__\
Spring Wear
In tweeds and
guaranteed indigo dye,
and guaranteed to retain
their shape. ' Made with
single breasted sacque
Icoat, with three button
front and the Bartlett
patent pocket, which prevent the coat sagging at
the side, and have the popularized seams and double
stitched edges. Trousers
are medium peg-top style,
and have side buckle for
adjusting the waist measure. They represent the
greatest suit value ever offered.   Special for $15.00
Hudson's Bay Stores
OOBNEB OF ORANVILLE AND GEORGIA
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
TOOLS-Best Assortment in City
Closest Prices.
Satisfaction Guaranteed
. If a Tool is not satisfactory to you in every
way, ws want you to bring it back, Wa will
replace it, or return money without question.
J. A. FLETT, LIMITED
Phones Sey. 2827-2328       HI Hastings Street West
A Credit to Union Workmanship
DUMBER*
CIGARS
PATKONIZB    II     C.     PBDIHATIONMT
ADVBimSHmg—AND TBI,I, THEM  WHY
.   Ask Your BARBER For
LETOURNEAUX
Quality the Best
i. o. babbbbs imu oo.
S17 BOBSOB BIBBS!
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 798
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycled,
"Bis Sterols Witt tto Bopat*t.oi"
Full lino of icceisorlee
Repairs promptly executed
su MAsnsas it. «.
YOUR SUMMER §£IT
Should be Tailor-made snd made by Union Tailon. Fine Mock to idect from
FRED PERRY Ubor Temple Tailor
Corner Homer ud Dunimuii  Street!
Overalls and Gloves
We carry a good stook of Carhartt Overalls, blue,
blaok and striped $1.50
Kentucky Jean  1.00
Buok Brand .Overalls 1.00
Carhartt Gauntlets, $1.50- - 2.00
H. B. K. Gauntlets, 76o to -.2.50
CLUBB& STEWART
SOS-IS ■•■tinri St. w.
Tel. SOT. 70S
SHOES FOR MEN
8HOE8 FOR SERVICE
SHOES FOR DRESS
UNION SHOES FOR COMFORT
FOR    EVERY    REQUIREMENT
We've picked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're at the service
of every man who desires the best shoes his money, can buy.
WT    ORR    204 MAIN STREET
a  Ja    \S  IK  M\ Qppwjie the City Hsl|
yN. Named Sheas Are Frequently
__--^U3tfJ*«^_ Mede In Non-Union rectories
Vorkersunioh7 •0o*o7,SUYA*fYS1Po,L
'no matter what its nsme, unless it bssrs a
. plain snd resdsbts impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stsmp sre
si ways Non-Union.
Boot (tt thos WorKers' Union
246 Summer Street, Boston, Hsss.
J. F, Tobin, Pres.    C. L. Baine, sec-Tress,

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