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The British Columbia Federationist May 9, 1913

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No. 109.
91.00 A YEAR
An trbltratlon and conciliation)*
board, appointed under the Industrial
Dlaputes Aot, 1907) to hear the grievances ot the Civic Employeei' Union
against the city ot. Vincouver, hu Just
completed ltt' labors, and both sides
now await the verdict.  -    -
While tbe loctl press, with the exception of - the  Dally Provinoe, hit
been (air ind tried to present  the
.facts as   they appeared before the
board, aUll the union man's viewpoint
of the grlevtnces and their airing before the board ihould be presented.
' The botrd consisted of Mr. 0. E.
McCrosstn,   appointed  by  the   employees; Hr. H, 0. Alexander, tppolnt-
. id by the elty.t.ind Justice Murphy,
chairman ol the botrd.
■    The men charged:        ,
That dlBonmlnttlon against union-
men wu taking place In the solvent'
ing department.
That favoritism wu shown In the
appointment  of  foremen,, tnd   that
*«men showed favoritism In
hiring and discharging men;
The men also demanded:
A rise In wages from 37 Ho per hour
to 40c per hour for waterworki men.
That the union men who hid been
discharged, namely, P. Bruce, J. Mc-
Beth, S. Stevenson ind R. Milne, be
That the men responsible for tbe
discrimination, Assistant Superintendent Lee, Foreman Oakes and Under
Foreman Thomson, be discharged.
The dlscrlmlnttlon charged wu thtt
the Job ttewtrds of the union had
been dltcharged, Intimidated, and reported lnfalrly. John McBeth, a Job
ateward, had been fired for drinking a
cup of coffee, although lt was admitted
that It wu a custom of the scavengers
to drink coffee or liquor whenever* lt
was offered them, and that this custom was known to Lee. Witnesses
testified that a week after McBeth
was Bred Lee saw men drinking coffee
and simply told them that they would
have to cut It out. Lee could hot remember thla on the stand.
J. A. Wlghtman, another Job steward, was ordered before Lee and told
by him that If. he did not atop agltat
Ing he would be tired. The agitating
consisted ln asking men to Joip the
unton. The discharge of S. Stevenson
and R. Milne without sufficient reuon.
Parker Bruce, another union man; wu
discharged for striking matches in the
bun to tinge his hone. The foremtn
who reported him admitted that lt wu
customary for teamsters to strike
matchea In the barna. Another In.
stance of discrimination wu the reporting of D. Cuthlll, Job steward, for
not being able .to drive a team of
horses two hundred and sixty yards,
grease his wagon and dumping gear,
and hitch up In live minutes. All tke
city's witnesses questioned oh thi*
point agreed thit the feat wu impossible.
The botrd decided they would hear
the charge of dlscrlmlnttlon first, then
the demand for a raise in wagea for
waterworks men, and the case of favoritism last.
Lee admitted thlt he hid never
warned McBeth previously to having
wann siaiu
Wen known lsotusr, water tit eositUtt •oooomlit. Who left this wsek •■ t
trip serosa Cauda to oeeupy tie annuasr months. '
per week was not sufficient to support
a family In decency and comfort.
3. That |3 per day In Vancouver for
outside workers, where the annual
rainfall is 57.40 inches per year, meant
twice as much broken time as Vlotoria with an annual .rainfall of 24
4. The fact that he waerworks men
had received no. Increase In pay las
year, while all oher civic employees
had. "•
6. Tint wa*g»8 paid In Vancouver-
were not high compared to other
towns, San Francisco paying 13 per
day of 8 hours; Nelson, $3.20; Prince
Rupert, 33.50; Victoria, New Westminster and Fernle also paying S3 per
The last charge, thlt of favoritism,
against Engineer Fellowes probably
Inspired the light the city authorities
..    ..   j   ~i    -.u       ■».     iu.,1 put up against granting ot a board
him Bred.   The evidence showed that 1 ;„,,„ the __mx Act/*
Failure to Enforce Onion Condition* Will Remit In Further
Aotlon by Council
Is the Exhibition Association and
ill Its works to ba placed on the un-
At lut musing of Vincouver
Trtdw mi* Ub** Council complaint* wen reurttd of perwni
going round th* t*ty representing
thsmaelvtt u Mltj endorsed by
the CMinaR for «• purpoie of
aollafUng MvtrtMwiMU for publications tt be Issued by the
No one I* at pment authorlud
to Uke UvtrtlMMMirtt on behalf
of tht council sxospt th* duly iu-
thorlied solicitor ef Tht B. C.
Foderatlonltt,   '
Businsss men *«d tht gsntrsl
publlo wouW cortJt* a ftvor by
phoning to th* awhteil office it •*
Sty. MM In mm thty trt "wiled
up*n" by *ky othei* profeulng to
come frMTth* ttamll.
. Thl* dHStully *a)'* vtry prtvi-
lint ont *t an* MM. Ont crook
•ven went is ftr ** to (toil *om*
of the council'* eSWil Itttorhudt,
•nd for hi* orlghMlty spent th*
ntxt thru month* |n Jill.
■th* In,
, Following the relocation Vof "the
charter of the Graftal Labor Council
of Beattle, Charles fierry Taylor, organiser of the American Federation: of
Labor, last week oiBMised a naw central body, under the name of the
Seattle Federation of Labor.
A meeting was hew In the Labor
Temple at which efiht local unloni
were represented vHtti twenty-two
delegates, according to a statement
flven out by Mr. Taylor. He alio
stated that six other local union* had
tent word of their Intention to affiliate
with the new central body, but were
unable to be present on account of
Saturday night work. ■■•
"The statement that tlje revoked
charter of the Central Labor Council
had been returned I* erroneous," uld
Mr. Taylor. "I had orders from the
national body to proceed with a new
organisation, and when I heard that
the old charter wu, to be restored I
wired to the national headquarter*,
saying that unless I received Instructions to the contrary-1 should proceed
with the organisation of a new central
body. ,I hive received no Instructions
and therefore called the meeting and
proceeded with the Organisation."
nil  no   kvirb  u>  uaa  im**v.****u  mi*  uw  uu-i ■  -- --.,<__:.
thusiastlc turnout are encouraging."
Lee had thirteen relatives In the street
cleaning and acavenglng department,
all of whom were bitter antl-unlonlstt.
Two of the City's wltneues testified
that tbey heard Lee express himself
against Unionism. The head stableman of the Cambie atreet birnt celled
by the city thought thit McBeth hid
been discriminated igalnst. Witnesses
testified that the yheard Mr. Wiley
say. that' he had got McBeth, and now
be would "get" McDonald, another
job ateward.
It wu also shown thlt nont of the
foremen belonged to the union In the
scavenging department, and no union
mm hid ever been promoted.
The foremen who hid belonged to
the union hid dropped out, md when
questioned why, gave very evaalve
When Superintendent Wiley took the
stand, he denied the charge of discrimination, but developed an extraordinary memory when questioned as
to certain Incidents. He could not
remember what had occurred three
days before the enquiry, and to most
of the questions put to him he replied,
"1 can't remember."
Assistant Superintendent Lee's memory wu only slightly better.
3. Thomson dented the charge that
he had told. eeveral men that Wiley
was against the unton.       ,
In support of the demand for t
raise In wages for the waterworks
men, the union submitted the following: • -
1, Thtt since the list Increase of
pay for waterworks men In 1011 the
cost of living had risen 6.4 per cent.
I. That the average wage ot 114.65
Sunday, May 11—Teamsters,
2:30; Stage Employees, 8 p.m.;
Picture Operators, 8 p.m.
Monday, May 12—Amal. Engineer*; Glass Workers; Lathers;
Street Rallwaymen's Executive;
Electrical Workera No, 213;
Tailors; Bro. of Carpenters;
Pattern Makers.
Tuesday, May 18 — Cement
Workers;- Sign Painters; Barbers; Shinglers; Pressmen;
Amal. Carpenters; Stone Cutters; Bricklayers.    -
Wednesday, May 14—Home &
Domestic Employees; S. P. M.
Stereotypers, 4 p.m.; Marble
Cutters; Amal. Carpenten;
Street Rallwaymen, 2:30 p.m.
Plumbers.    <,
Thursday, May 16—Retail Employees; Bookbinders; Main-
tainance of Way Employees;
Ship Carpenters; Painter*;
Sheet Metal Workers: Railway
Carmen; Trades and Labor
Friday, May 16—Upholsterers; Pattern Makers; Civic Employees; Iron Moulders; Granite Cutters.
Saturday, May 17—Nil.
On March 1st lut the union representative asked the boar dot works to
co-operate with the union In an application for a Lemleux board. 'The
chairman ot the board refuted this,
but promised not to appose the granting of a board. However, when an
application was made to the Minister
rf Labor and the Minister of labor
requested the olty authorities for *
reply to same, the city replied to the
Minister of Labor by making strong
objections to a board being granted.
After advancing . numerous reasons
why a board ahould not be granted,
tho city's reply concludes u follows
"The City of Vancouver therefore
submits that no reasons have heen
adduced by • the applicant* which
would warrant the establishment of
a board of conciliation and Investigation, as provided under the Industrial
Disputes and Investigation Aot, 1907."
When the granting of a board waa
assured, Mayor Baiter sent Filr Wage
Officer McNIven to the business agent
of the union, E. Trainer, to ask him to
forego the board and tbe demands of
the waterworks men would be favorably considered. It was understood
that the charges of favoritism would
be dropped. The business agent of
course refused, Then another attempt
was made by the dty authorities to
evade the charge of favoritism. Aa
soon as the board convened, Engineer
Fellowes aakod that the board be confined to the waterworks only. The
chairman of the board overruled him.
When the charge of favoritism was
reached In the Inquiry, again the city
representatives rose and asked If the
charge of favoritism was Included ln
the union's affidavit, aB they considered the charge frivolous. The chairman replied by reading the affidavit
and advising the union men to go on
with their case. After being defeated
In all these attempts to stifle the Inquiry, It was amusing to hear Alderman Crowe make the statement "that
the city authorities conred the fullest
Now as to the charge of favoritism.
It was shown that In the spring of
1012 out of the five ward foremen
three bad never worked for the city
previous to their appointment u ward
foreman, and these three, namely,
McKlnnon, Davis and Walker, all belonged to the Orange order. In the
summer months each of these men
had charge of about 200 men. Walker
admitted that he owned a rooming-
house, almost all of his roomers working under him. He also stated that
when these men were laid off he approached other ward foremen and
asked them to put his roomers to
work. He disposed of his rooming-
house about the time the union applied
for' an arbitration board. The caae of
Ward Foreman Davis and his gang
rtiowed favoritism most clearly. Davis was appointed ward foreman after
approaching Mayor Flndlay, Aid. Mc-
Snadden, Aid. King and othera. He
then caused the appointment ot Mr.
McDonald and A. Horner as foremen;
one of them was a carpenter and the
itber a painter. Both belonged to the
Orange order and neither of them had
worked for the city previous to their
appointment     The whole of Davis'
That Is the question now agitating
local unions, as expressed ln the Central Labor Body.
At laat regular meeting a committee
was named to Interview the' Exhibition -Board relative to glaring nonunion conditions prevailing on all the
work at the Park.
The committee met the Works Committee yesterday afternoon and tound
bat the "union" clause heretofore
placed ln contracts hid been replaced
by a "current" wage clause, which,
however, Aid. Crowe Interpreted u
equivalent to provision for union
wages being paid.
The representatives of the unions
proved conclusively that not only had
the wagea been reduced by the contractors trom 26 to 50 cents per day,
that the men were being worked nine
hours a day, Saturdays Included, but
that only alx union men were being
employed on the entire works, which
in Itself showed discrimination,
After hearing the Council committee
Manager Rolston, President Miller and
Director Crowe promised that Jthe
specifications of the contract would
Immediately be enforoed and every
effort made to "squire" tbe work
under wty.
A special meeting of the Council waa
held lut nlgbt to hear the report of
the committee, and considerable discussion followed, lt being .held by
many delegates that the sum total of
results to date were merely to Improve
conditions tor non-union men, and
using the power of unionists to do so.
It was finally decided that the report of the committee be received as
progress, and that lt be Instructed to
again Interview the Exhibition Asso-
"We intend tb begin a campaign for
a general eight-hour work day ln our
trade ln Vancouver,'! wu the terse
program outlined by D. O. Briggs,
general organiser for the Journeymen
Tallora' Union, who''arrived ln the city
trom Seattle on Tuesday last.
"We ire going to hold a mus meeting, open to all engaged ln .our trade
with special reference to the women
workers, in Room 306, Labor Temple,
Mr. Biggs will remain In Vancouver
tor tome weeks, In the interests ot
the local Tailors' Unton,
gang wu then examined. Eighteen
of the gang were member* ot the
Orange ordor, and of the remaining
tour two had-been laid off last winter,
and the other two had worked for
Davis eight weeks, None of the eighteen Orangemen had been laid off.
One of the Orangemen, A. Bond, admitted that he gave hla Initiation fee
to Davis, and that he Joined the order
to hold hla Job. Superintendent Mad-
dlson of the waterworka system testified that all hts foremen had heen
promoted from the ranks, and he considered this practice gave the best
results. The same wu conceded for
the sewers, the point being brought
out that there could be, no motive In
appointing foremen from the outelde
except favoritism.
Vincouver Building Tradea
Council bu been reorganised,
with only A. F. of L, affiliated
locals legible for membership..
The building trades locals are
once more usumlng their old-
time virility, thanks to the staying qualities of "the clique tbat
run* tbe union,"
The chronic overstocked labor
market has made organisation
work most difficult, but the
working conditions and wages
maintained by the unions Is
making non-unionists feel that
they are missing something he
sides the payment ot a small per
capita tax.
C******** • **"*"*■*****
Who twtfu* » Mu* et MiMat li, V. tc W. ef A, lut week, tt seek
U. B. of C. Dlstriot Orginixer
The United Brotherhood of Carpenters end Jolnera have recommended
for appointment A. Watchman to be
general organiser for the cout district
of British Columbia.
Mr. Watchman Is at present business
business agent ot the Building Trades
Council ln Victoria, and wtll resign
his duties there to take up his new
May Diy it Cinmori
The coil mlnen at Canmore and
Bankhead held their Mty Diy celebration at Canmore. The programme
included bind concert!, foothill and
baseball matches. The speakers for
the day were E. D. Burge and J. W.
elation and request that only union
men be employed on the various work
now tn progress on the grounds under
the control of that body.
Failure to comply with this request,
it was said, would result In the exhibition work being declared u unfair
to organised labor.
The committee will endeavor to arrange for another session with Exhibition Board representatives during the
early part of next week.
Will Olve Mefhbenhip Opportunity to Express Thenuelve*
by Seeking Re-election
Clem Stubbs,, president of District
18, United Mine Workers ot Amerioa,
with headquarters at Fernle, hu resigned, under date of May l, at Lethbrldge. Mr. Stubbs ln hit letter to the
members of the executive botrd, uys:
"Herewith I tender to you my* resignation u President of District 18,
U. M. W. of A„ together with my
resignation ot trusteeship, held by
virtue of my office, to take Immediate
effect In-tendering my resignation
tt It my Intention to give full explanation of my action tn thlt matter to our
members. I would alto point out tbat,
whilst taking this action, tt Is without
prejudice as to my future action In
connection with any election that may
take place for district offlcen,"'
All of which, ot courae, means that
Mr. Stubbs has merely taken this
drastic course to secure an expression \
of opinion from the membership regarding his action In supporting Vice-
president 3. O. Jones In Lethbrldge I
riding at the recent Alberta general
At the district convention a .few
montbs ago the minora passed i recommendation to local unions to support socialist candidates politically,
Later the central labor body at Lethbrldge, In conjunction with the Lethbrldge mlnen, decided to nominate
JoneB as a candidate, he subscribing
to tbe policy of the Alberta Federation
of Labor, of which, by the way, Mr.
Jones Is president. The memben of
the S. P. of C. did not like this arrangement and decided to run a
candidate. The Liberals recognised
that they were shut out, so no candidate was placed In the field by them.
And to mix matten atlll further Jones'
candidature was endorsed by the
Liberals, unfortunately for Jones. The
final result was the election of the
Conservative candidate. Considerable
criticism ot the offlcen of District 18,
Including President Stubbs, followed.
To put the whole question of political affiliations and action up ts the
membership, Mr. Stubbs hu decided
to force the Issue and get a showdown. This because he evidently
fears that the present unsettled controversy would ultimately result In
the destruction of the organisation
along the legitimate lines and purposes
of the union.
Clem Stubbs Is one of the biggest
men In the organised labor movement
of Canada today, and his relationship
with the mlnen and their attitude
towards him will prove of momentous
Interest to all who know him for what
he Is. His splendid record and standing In the labor movement makes It
hard to adjudge him guilty of any
action but what he felt confident
would prove to the best Interests ot
the organisation be represented.
Thlt order will be brought about
quickly by hts resignation and, It Is to
be hoped, reelection, and that there.
will be   a   better understanding ill'we shall be very glad to put Into ex-
round, as the result of the discussion,
seems probable at tbls distance.
NANAIMO, V.I., May ».—(Steels! to Tht Foderitlonitt)—Word
hit Juit Ittktd tut htrt that the
coil opentora havt wind to thl
Immigration Department at Ottawa atklng thit Orgtnlitr F*r>
rtngton of the U.M. W.of A, now
In Statu*, In ohargt of th* itrlkt
on th* lalind, bt nfuud rttntry.
Othtrwlst th* aompinlM fur th*
provlnolil government will not be
thlt to render sufficient assist-
ant* to break' th* ttrlkt ind i settlement with the ttrlklng mlnen
might become Inevitable. Juit
whtt tht Ottawa authorities will
do for the coal bironi nntilns to
b* Mtn.
NANAIMO, V. I., Mty ».—(Spe-
clil to The FederiUonlit)—Th* '
situation here thl* morning It unchanged, except that there Is a
move calculated to bring about a
complete settlement of the differences existing between the coal
operators and the coal diggers of
Vancouver Island. Practically all
the essential employee* of th* companies have Joined the U.M.W.
of A. and a splendid exhibition of
solidarity and unity of purpose
exists. The long-looked for showdown has arrived. And the big
mlnen' union la certain to trt- '
The Federatlonist Is ln receipt of t
photo, too late for reproduction, of the
big mass meeting of mlnen at Nanalmo last Saturday afternoon, when
It wu decided to cease work until
union conditions prevail In Vucouver i
lalnnal   nanal   mlnan     Th*   h,w*>   null.. 1
There must be 10,000 or 12,000 wage-workers in Vancouver and vicinity
who wear overalls and shirts.   We feel confident that' if they only knew the
QUALITY and get-up of our OVERALL and SHIRTS every one of them
would buy the BUCK BRAND—made in Vancouver—Union made—well made—made to stand all
kinds of wear and tear—made in a well ventilated
' factory, under union conditions, with all that that
implies.   The margin of profit on BUCK BRAND
is not so large for retailers as on cheaper sweatshop brands; hence buyers are sometimes urged to
take something "just as good."  But wage-workers
who desire a DEPENDABLE OVERALL always
insist upon having the BUCK BRAND.  Ask your
dealer for them.
BULK bKAlNU   1176 Homer Street Vancouver, B. C.
Island coal mines. Th* huge meeting
was addressed by Chris. Pattlnson.
The company's vote among the mlnen
resulted In only 472 going netr tht
specially-prepared polls out ot nearly
8000 men employed by various companies operating In Nanalmo and district, md most ot these were surface
men, clerks, bosses tnd "company
men. The loctl union now numben
more thtn 1400, Including Indians md
Chinese, which augurs well for I complete victory for the U. M. W. of A.
The following letter wu received
from the Seimcn's Union In mswer to
one sent from here re bolts loading
coal it Union Biy for Sin Francisco:
" Your letter of recent dtte
relating to the condttlona tt tht Ca-
nidltn Collieries Compiny wu reld
to the nieotlng ot thlt union on the
21st Inst., and I wu Instructed to
reply. The vessels that carry coal
from these mines are practically
trampa, manned by non-union men.
The union Is therefore unable to exercise any authority over them. W*
are unable to devise any method of
making a practical protest. Of coune
we could adopt a tet of resolutions
and give them considerable publicity.
This, however, is not a very satisfactory process. If you can suggest uy
other method within our power by
which we may be able ta render substantial   aulstance to your members
Let 'Em All Come
Fire hundred mon Immigrants arrived last Sunday morning ud, tccord-
Ing to the local press, they are the
usual "fine looking set of people." Tbey
will remain that way until maybe next
winter when Jobs get even more rare
than they ire it the present moment,
then some of them will become "agitators" and "undesirable citlsens" and
pleasant little things of that tort
Tallore' Mut Muting
Join the Journeymen Tailors ud gat
better conditions. Open meeting Mon*
day, May 12, 8 p.m., Room 306, Ltbor
Temple (cor. Duntmulr tnd Homer
streets). All employeu Invited.
Ladles' and men'a tailors ud tailor-
B. C. Jurymen Secure Rtlu
Hereafter Jurymen In British Columbia will receive 13 i diy ind travelling expenses, Instead ot $2 ud 10
cents per mile u heretofore. The
legislation waa uked for by the B. C.
Federation of Lahor lut January,
nanaimo, v. t, Her 1-Arns***-
met* for the koMtaiof th* Mat lit
calibration wen aot u attachr* tU*
yur u lut, owlag to tke itrlke situa-
tlon In Udysmlth and Cumbtrlu*.
Th* man la Cumberland decided to .
celebrate at horn*; Ukealt* th* pta
In Ladysmlth. When th* notion wu
dlscuwtd In Ntnalmo,*wfctr* th* or-
n«nl**tV**i hai Mt grown tie i
■any feed fun u to th*
However, a ipan*ly-ttt*od*d i
ot mlnt-towkin, carptatsn, typographical aadoa. tto, 4**M«4 to otto
brati ud Journey to L*djwm*th. A
commit*** ut to ud coDtetod notify
CM the evening of April to two dr-
culan wtr* luued by Brat. Fanning-
ton ud Footer (printed In lut wuri
Fed) celling a general ttrlk* at en-
men working in aad araaad the ■■»*•.
on the Wand. *
Th* question hid bun amaatd by
the District ud Mtnatkaal otteon
working to tht district aad ktpt «ul*t
from *v«rybody. The clreulin w*m
printed In th* several luguitu, Including Chinese tad Jiputu, ud »
art* working committee, broaght
trom tb* strlk* district* to dtitrtbuto
urn* ud tlso to picket th* mlnu If
n**d bt,
A* th* oo*) compute* did not u-
tldp*to thl* mora for a itrlk* ud did
not wut to Invite friction by Utvti* .
tht mlnu open on May lit, notlou
hid been potted declaring no work.
Th* mlnen' clreulin were not distributed and all wu kept quiet by th*
committee till 1:40 p.m., when the
afternoon shift* were going on and th*
morning shift coming horn*.
No on*, unless th* men In th* field,
cm Imtglni th* consternation thrown
Into the camp on that evening. Tk*
shock from the great exploelon of SO
Urn* ot explosives did not cum met*
excitement, though perhaps mor*
Two apaela! trains carried a large
contingent from Nualmo to ladysmlth on May let A large meeting
wu h*M ud addressed by uveral
■peak*!*, followed by a good day1*
sports music ud duolng.
On thi time evening • large muting wu advertised tor th* Prlnceu
theatre, Nanalmo, to explain th*
strlk* situation. Thl* place, which
A capacity of 1000, wu picked
long before the time, and u the company machine hid not had time to act
the meeting wu well attended. Whin
the meeting opened in attempt wu
made to create disorder, which it first
sumed ta be strong, but u tho muting went on swung ln favor of *top-
When the compiny machine found
dent* of the three respective mlnu,
tnd declared the mlnu Idle <m Mty
2nd md celled a meeting of the employees tor that evening to contldtr
md decide it to whether they would
abide by the strike call or resume
work * ud ctrry out th* one-aided
agreement tn existence. A meeting
wu hjld ln the evening. It wu w*ll
attended by the men who had by thl*
time Joined the union by the hundreds.
When, the muting opened the ulf-
tppolnted committee expltlned tbey
were desirous of having the muting
give u expression of opinion by taking a ballot vote on whether they
would return to work or not, ud hid
a motion drafted to that effect ud
put to the muting. Thlt the muting
refused to do, ud when th*y called
for all In favor of the motion to stud
to their feet less thu one hundred
responded out of a total of 1600.
A large overflow muting wu aUo
held on the street at the urn* time,
addressed at the doon ot tb* thettre
by officers of the union, ot mu who
hid been refused admission, ud kept
going till tht muting In th* Inside
ctme out.
Thu tht lirgcst meeting ever held
ln Nuilmo on uy occasion took
pltce ud tbe success ot the itrlke
assured by th* expreulon of solidarity.
Though the big muting turned the
self-appointed committee down, thoy
still, In conjunction with the superintendents, Insisted on hiving * billot
tiken, ud ume wu arranged to be
held ln th* court house, the saloons
being declared doted, on Saturday,
May S.
The union Immediately luued a circular advising union men to refrain
from voting, u the strike would continue In any cue.
The mines were igtln declared Idle
May 3rd ud the ballot taken. Notwithstanding that almost til tht
bosses, petty bosses, tged men, md
specltl trains run to bring the en-
glneere, cirpenten, etc., tram thilr
development work ■ ftw miles twty,
when the vote wu counted lut thu
500 hid voted tnd 44 ot thue win
against It.
The "committee" again deemed It
idvluble to get the superintendent!
to declire Mty 5th tnd future dtyi
Idle, till something else htppens. This
cm he expltlned by the ftot that ovtr
900 men hive Joined the union since
May 1st In Nanalmo, ud over 300 ln
South Wellington.
The campa ire now practically
solid on the Islud ud t determined
fighting spirit exists, unsurpassed In
any flght known on old Vancouver
I tm convinced thit no other method than the one ot secrecy, punued
here it this time, could have pulled
the men of Nanalmo out, owing to the
spy system In operation In the mlnu.
Now that the men on the Islud
are standing solid, lt will prov* to b*
t victory, ndt only for tha mine-work-
era of tho Island, but wtll give renewed hope to the organlted worken
of Brltlih Columblt ud Ctnidi.
O. P.
Preildtnt Lynch In Ontario.
President J, M. Lynch of the I. T.U.
hu signified hit Intention of attending the Ontario conference of Typographical unlont al Ottawa on May tt,
providing he can arrange attain ta
permit ot his absence trom headquarters on that date. In event of hi*
Inability to do so he will send a representative.—Phil Obermeyer.
FRIDAY..., MAT 9, 1918
The Royal Bank
of Canada
nraoBroBATSD tut
raid-up Capital
Total Aasata
• 11,800,000
txbiit o> s>-
roair* srn ova
0u Dollar will opti
tho aeoount, aid yonr
bUllllMS win bt Wll-
corns M It laige or
rotnTuw amame—ta at
Capital it Reserve $ 11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affeots your future welfare
aiid happiness as thrift and
saving. They aro the parent*
of nearly every bloBsing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of finanoial strength
sinoe the year 1855
We receive deposits of #1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St. West
Cor. Hastings and Carrall Streets
VANOOnVEB,    •    ■  B.O.
.See that this Label is Sewed
, in the Pockets
*J It stands (or all that Union
Labor Stands (or.
with the LABEL on it
Cowan & Brookhouse
labor T.mpH      »-»• *»r. MM
Valour* and Felts of ale olora
CAPS and
135 Hastings Bt. E.
Granville Street
Where Everybody "Does
600 Gallery SeataatlSc
Published weekly by The B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 16,000 organized wage-
Issued every Friday morning,
President Jas. Campbell
Vice-President J. W. Wilkinson
Vice-President  J. McMilla.
Treasurer. J. H. McVety
Managing-Editor.......K. Parm. Pettipiece
Offlce:   Boom 910, Labor Templt
Trt. Srr. 3690.
Subscription:    $1.00 per year;   In Vancouver  City,   $1.25;    to   unions  subscribing in a body, 76 cents.
"Unity of Labor; the hop* of the world."
PAPER.    If this number la on it
y«iur subscription expires next Issue.
FRIDAY MAY 9, 1913
Union Made Paper
The Only Shop
in British Columbia using paper stock bearing the watermark (label) of
al Paper-makers Union
Mail Orders Promptly Filled
Phone Seymour 824
The members of organized labor
throughout Canada are confronted
with many problems, not the least of
which Is teh question of securing
legislation and Its enforcement. As
trade unionists we are compelled to
ask for and da a lot of things, ln
obedience to what the majority deem
essential, that economic students may
argue is a waste of time. However,
tbe fact remains that we are compelled
to deal with conditions as we flnd
them and govern ourselves accordingly.
Both the old political parties are
bullded upon and pledged to the present form of property ownership. The
International Socialist movement is
differentiated from the old parties by
the fact that it stands for a revolution or complete change in the form
of property ownership. Around this
fundamental principle arises many of
the perplexing controversies which
have imperilled the very existence of
wage-workers' organisations in days
gone by.
The D. C. Federation o Labor has
settled the question of Its policy by
adopting as a basis for its programme
the principles of socialism, collective
ownership of things used collectively.
Having taken this revolutionary position, il Is well that the membership
should thoroughly understand its significance, and the difference between
revolutionists demanding reforms and
•ijiat of a mere reformer, with no other
jnd in view than that of reforms.-
Dialing with this subject, the posi-
.011 taken by no less a revolutionist
h.in Kautsky himself Is of especial
merest at this time.   He says:
There are few conceptions over
which there has been so much contention as over that of revolution. This
can partially he ascribed to the fact
that nothing is so contrary to existing
interests and prejudices as -this concept, and partially to the fact that
few things aro so ambiguous.
As a rule, events (.an not be so
sharply defined as things. Especially
ts this true of social events, which are
extremely complicated, and grow ever
more complicated the further society
advances—the more various the forms
of co-operation of humanity become.
Antony the most complicated of these
events is tile social revolution which
ia a complete transformation of the
wonted forms of associated activity
among men.
It is no wonder that the word,
which every one uses, but .each one
In a different sense, Is sometimes used
by the same persons at different times
In very different senses. Some understand by "revolution" barricades,
conflagrations of castles, guillotines,
September massacres and a combination of all sorts of hideous things.
Others Would seek to take all sting'
away from the wor I and use It ln the
sense of great but Imperceptible and
peaceful transformations of society,
like, for instance, those which took
place through the discovery of America or by the Invention of the steam
engine. Between these two definitions there are many grades of meaning.
* *   *
Marx, In hia introduction to the
"Critiques of Political Economy," defines social revolution ae a more or
less rapid transformation of'the foundations of the Judicial and political
superstructures of society arising from
a change In its economic foundations.
If we hold close to this definition we
at once eliminate from the idea of social revolution "changes in the' e»
nomic foundations," as, for example,
those which proceeded from tbe steam
engine or the discovery of America,
These alterations are the causes of
revolution, not the revolution Itself.
But I do not wish to confine myself
too strictly to this definition of social
revolution. There Is a still narrower
sense in which we can use It. In this
case It does not signify either the
transformation of the Jurldicial and
political superstructure of society, but
only some particular form or particular method of transformation.
Every socialist strives for social
revolution In the wider sense, and yet
there are socialists who disclaim revolution and would attain social transformation only through reform. They
contrast social revolution, with social
reform, It is this contrast which we
are discussing today in our ranks. I
wish hero to consider social revolution
In the narrow sense of a particular
method of social transformation.
* •   •
The contraat between reform and
revolution does not consist in the application of force In one case and not
in the other, Every Judicial and political measure is a force measure
which is carried through by the force
of the state. Neither do any particular forms of the application of
force, as, for example, street fights, or
executions, constitute the essentials of
revolution In contrast to reform.
These arise from particular circumstances, are not necessarily connected
with revolutions, and may easily accompany reform movements. The
constitution of Ihe delegates of the
third estate at the national assembly
of Krance, on June 17, 1789, was nn
eminently tevolutlonary act with no
apparent use of force. This same
France bad, on the contrary, In 1774
nnd 1775, great Insurrections for the
single and in no way revolutionary
purpose of changing the bread tax In
order to stop tho rise In the price of
* •   «
The reference to street fights and
executions as characteristic of revolutions is, however, a clue to the source
from which we can obtain important
teachings as to the essentials of revo-
whlch began in France in 1789 has
lution. The great transformation
become the classical type of revolution. It is tbe one which Is ordinarily
in mind when revolution Is spoken of.
From it we can best study the essentials ot revolution and the contrast between it and reform. This revolution
was preceded by a series of efforts at
reform, among which the best known
are those of Turgot. These attempts
in many cases aimed at the same
things which the revolution carried
out. What distinguished the reforms
ot Turgot from the corresponding
measures of the revolution? Between
the two lay the conquest of political
power by a new class, and in this Ilea
the essential difference between revolution and reform. Measures which
lution and reform. Measures which
seek to adjust the judicial and political superstructure of society, to
changed economic conditions, are reforms If they proceed from the elass
which le the political and economic
ruler of society. They are reforms
whether they are given freely or secured by the pressure of the subject
class, or conquered through the power
of circumstances. On the contrary,
those measures are the results of revolution If they proceed from the class
which has been economically and politically oppressed and who bave now
captured political power and who
must in their own Interest more or
less rapidly transform the political
and jurldicial superstructure and
create new forma of social co-operation.
•   •   •
The conquest of tbe governmental
power by an hitherto oppressed class,
ln other words, a political revolution,
Is accordingly the essential, characteristic of social revolution In this narrow sense, ln contrast with social reform. Thoae wbo repudiate political
revolution aB the principal means of
Boclal transformation or wish to confine this to such measures as have
been granted by the ruling class are
social reformers, no matter how much
their social Ideas may antagonise existing social forms. On the contrary,
any one ia a revolutionist who seeks
to conquer the political power for ah
hitherto oppressed olass, and he does
not lose thie character If he prepares
and hastens thie conquest by social
reforms wrested from the ruling
classes. ....It is not the striving after
social reforms but the explicit confining of one's Belt to them which distinguishes the BOclal reformer from
the Bocial revolutionist. On the other
hand, a political revolution can only
become a social revolution when lt
proceeds from an hitherto socially oppressed class. Such a class is compelled to complete Its political emancipation by Its social emancipation
because its previous social position Is
in irreconcilable antagonism to Its
political domination. A split tn the
ranks of the ruling classes, no matter
even if lt should take on the violent
form of civil war, Is not a social revolution.
To be good is not after all such a
laudable ambition as the superficial
observer might think. It don't last.
It becomes stale and the world turns
upon lt and casts lt forth. The men
we praise were without exception,
anti-good, Moses, the Lawgiver, was
tenderly cared for by the daughter of
Rgypt's ruling King, but*~he caused a
rebellion among the Blaves of Ub
benefactor and slew one of their
guards. And then to cap the climax
of his ingratitude be led them away
Into the wilderness. And today he is
esteemed a saint. Christ said to the
good people of his day something
about whited sepulchers and general
rottenness and the good people deemed him a very undesirable visitor In
this transitory vale, and treated him
accordingly. But today he is esteemed a God. Washington had received
many favors from the English king,
but be totally disregarded them and
worked a graft on his majesty, causing his name to become a stench In
the nostrils of thoae who were loyal
to King Oeorge, He was a rebel. Today he 's called Ihe father of our country. The Tories were good people;
they were loyal; they respected the
authority the lord had put over them.
We have almost forgotten who they
were. But the rebel lives, and will
live In the pages of history. GEE,
John Deequer.
Comparison at the Banks or on the
Street Oars Will Make Distinction Quite Clear
Mr. Unorganized Worker and you
other gentlemen who believe bo
strongly ln "Industrial freedom" and
all the rest of it, will you please make
a special effort to go to tbe bank at
12 o'clock Borne Saturday. The visit
will more than repay you. At least
lt will give you something to think
about, says the Beilingham Journal,
Among other interesting sights, you
will see the masons, the bricklayers,
the organized men of all kinds, lay
down their tools and go home to their
families; and you will further see the
laborers and the other men who are
not organized go on working for at
least another half-day.
If this sight interests you at all, you
may talk with some of the men who
aie leaving work at 5 o'clock any
evening and they will be doubtless
|, glad to tell you how much they have
earned for that particular day or for
the week. You may then wait a little
ami get into Conversation with some
of those men who have worked longer
and they too will doubtless be glad to
tell you what they have earned for
their harder work and longer hours.
Then, If you are still satisfied with
your theories of "Industrial freedom'
and all the rest of It—you are mighty
welcdme to them.
You will learn one thing, at least,
whether you want to or not, and that
will be that, while in this sordid age
and day, theories are very beautiful,
lt takes praotical organization to Improve your condition, your hours of
work, the size of your pay check, and
to secure for you the very industrial
freedom by means of your fellow
workmen, which you delude yourself
Into believing that you are likely to
get' from your employer.
Perhaps you would like to discuss
(his with your wife. She Is Interested
in the pay check too.
A lesBon that every unton man
Bhould take to heart is the tact tbat
the success of the labor movement depends on the Individual effort of Its
members. It Is Just ln proportion as
the average member takes an interest
in his organization that It will progress or retrogade. The man who
seldom attends a meeting ot the
union, who is always backward In his
dues, and only knows by hearsay as
to what Is transpiring, is really of
more use outside the organization
than in. It Ib the man who recognizes
that he owes a duty to his union, who
encourages the officers by his presence and who takes an Interest in the
proceedings, that aids ln the work and
makes progress not only possible but
assured. Every man has his own part
to perform and-his own duty to carry
out, no other member can do lt for
him. It he absents himself from the
meeting there is a vacant seat and
one less In attendance. Every member should bo a factor and count;
there is no' life in an organization
whose members are dead or sleeping.
It it Is worth while, do one's share
In making it a success. Every union
is Just, exactly what its members make
lh It will be dead or alive, progressive
or Impotent, just ln proportion as Its
members recognize their responsibility nnd honestly live up to them.
duBtrles receive J2.25 to $3.00 per day
for ten and twelve hours.
The wages given will be increased
ae the organization of these men grow
stronger and larger, and will never
be decreased so long as the union Ib
The American Federation of Labor
has no mission other than to assist
the workmen to secure justice. The
membership of organized labor Is
made up entirely ot workmen and
workwomen. Organized workmen
know so well the value of the unions
that they support the American Federation of Labor for the purpose of
organizing the non-unionists bo that
they, too, may derive equal benefits.
The union workmen want to help
the non-union workmen, but they cannot do so unless the non-union mon
and women make an. effort to help
The dues you will pay into a union
will be returned to you a thousand
fold In higher wages and shorto"
There are over 2,1*00,0(11); union members In this country. Why? Because
it pays to belong to a union. The
unton is for the wage workers, and
them Alone. Every man and womar:
who works for wuges, Irrespective of
nationality, creed or color, Is Invited
Into the union and will be made welcome.
If you want more money for your
If you want shorter hours—organize.
if you want better working conditions—organize.
If. you have hope for a better day
on this earth—organise,
In writing to your friends in your
native country advise them to remain
there until you, together with your
fellow countrymen here, have organized unions that will protect yourself
and them against low wages and long
You are entitled tn a living wage,
but you cannot get It unless you organize. You want It NOW. Organize
and get it. The American Federation
of Labor will help you, but you must
help by doing your duty—Join the
Yours for the unton,
President A. F; of L.
Secretory A. F. of L.
There are good reasons why you should oome here—we
have the best doors; the best variety of doors; we do not
charge extra for the larger sizes, while charging a very small
price for the smallest 2 ft, 6 in, door which few people require.
But on the average our prices are lower than you can obtain
OUR BEST—Oak grained, varnished, panel bottom, with
fancy oval top. The finest
door made; ln any size. Our
price, each  $2.75
NOTE--A11   screen   doors   are
made In four sizes—
2 ft. 6 in. by 6 ft. 6 In,
2 ft. 8 In, by 6 ft. 8 In.
3 ft. by 7 ft,
Customers are requested to
bring exact measurements required to avoid making exchanges, as the wire cloth In a
door Is easily damaged.
Our prloe, each 950
better quality. Any size. Our
price, each $1,50
each  $1.90
O^K    GRAINED   AND   VARNISHED, with panel bottom;
any size.   Our price,
each  ...$2.25
David Spencer
IOC—Meets third Tuesday in every
month, ln Room 20B Labor Temple.
President, F. J. Milne; vice-president, H.
Perry; secretary, Qeorge Mowat, 516
Dnnlevy avenue. -
land Iron Ship Builders and Helw.rw
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. IM— |
Meets first and third Mondays, lj.ni
Provident, if. Barclay, 363 Cordova East;
sTl-etary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe PtreM-
Labor Council—Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., It,
Labor Hall. President, R. A. Stoney;
flnanclal secretary, J. B, Chockley; general secretary. B. D. Grant, P. O. Boi
934.  The public is Invited to attend.
The federal Immigration department
"suspended" an officer last week for
daring to enforco the provisions of the
Act covering emigrants, which happens in this case to be refusing admission to a bunch of scabs en route to
break a strike. A number of Ontario
central labor bodies have got busy at
Ottawa, and the chances are some of
the rawest hypocrisy of the department will at least be exposed to public
What the Strike Is About.
The strike ot the miners of West
Virginia, to suppress which the State
and National Constitutions have been
cast aside, human rights invaded,
murder committed by legal authorities, and nearly all Institutions that
are supposed to safeguard human life
overridden, Ib simply for the purpose
nf obtaining things already guaranteed
ly the'statute books of West Virginia.
According to a letter from John P.
White, president of the United Mine
Workers of America, to the governor
of West Virginia, these things are demanded;
(1) The right to belong to labor organizations without discrimination;
(21 Semi-monthly pay;
(3) A check-weigh man, selected by
the miners, to secure honest weights;
(4) That 2,000 lbs, shall constitute
a ton.
The miners have asked over and
over again for arbitration. They have
p.urend repeatedly to leave the settlement of their demands to an Impartial
hotly selected by both sides. Neither
the Rovornor nor the mine owners will
agree to this, but Insist on crushing
out in blood the effort of the miners
to enforce the laws, which the governor has sworn to enforce, and which
lie has assisted the mine owners to
break.—Coming Nation.
Railroad Trainmen's Convention.
May 19, 1913, the eleventh biennial
convention of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen will convene at San
Francisco, California, For the Becond
time In the history of the organization
it will hold its International convention on the Pacific coast. In 1890 the
seventh annual convention was held at
Los Angeles, California, in October of
that year. Since that time the brotherhood has increased to five times
its numerical strength or that period
and has added to Its resources to a
greater extent; This convention will
be the largest in point of the number
of representatives and the number represented the organization has ever;
held. The opportunity to 'Visit the
western coast will be greatly enjoyed
by every one fortunate enough to
rdake the trip,, and the Trainman bespeaks tor every delegate and visitor
a royal, hospitable welcome at the
hands of our brothers In California-
Railroad Trainman.    .
At Last T. and L. C. Meeting.
The Painters' Union reported that a
great many old country painters were
coming over and were depositing their
cards In the local union.
Tho Amalgamated Carpenters stated
that Ihey had put another organizer in
tl"' field. W. Dennles.
The secretary was Instructed to
write tho Park Board protesting
icalnst contracts and concessions be-
Im: riven to firms employing Oriental
A financial contribution was donated
to the striking wireless telegraph
Water runs down hill, but water
can be forced up hill. The tendency
of wages among the unorganized
always downward. Organization
among wage earners not only checks
this tendency, but forces wages up.
Employers are endeavoring to make
all the profit they can, and If their
workmen are docile and non-union
ihey pay them the lowest wages, so
that the employers' profits may ever
be on the Increase. The employer
fears or respects the power of the
union, for he knows that organization
among his workmen will compel him
to pay them decent wages and accord
them better treatment.
Many schemes are being hatched,
with the eld of unscrupulous employers, to induce workmen to keep out of
the unions, because the employers are
afraid of the combinod action of their
workmen. Employers have unions oi
their own, but tbey ,do not call their
organizations "unions." They call
them "associations, or corporations, or
mists." .That Bounds better to the
employers. The Workmen have the
same right to organize as the employers. If nn association Is good for employers, a union Is good for workmen.
Why do workmen organise?
Because— ■*
When workmen are organised they
always get better wagea.
When workmen are organised they
alwaya have shorter hours,
When workmen are organised they
alwaya have better working conditions.
Whsd workmen are organised they
are not afraid of losing their Jobs at
the whim of a foreman or superintendent.
When workmen are organized they
become convinced that there is no
other plan whereby the workmen can
he protected against avarice, greed,
t) ivmiy and injustice.
When workmen are organized they
realize Hint the unions make Independent Instead of dependent men.
The American Federation of Labor
has organized thousands of unions that
have raised the wages of their members 100 per cent since they were organized.
The organized coal miners last year
secured an increase in wages of $80,-
nno.fliHi, and the organized metal
miners gat an Increase in wages during the same time of over $4,000,000.
The organized men who work on the
rallrondB repairing the tracks got a
raise last year of $2,000,000.-
Tlm organized seamen got a raise
last year of $1,030,000.
The organized men and women in
tho clothing Industry secured a raise
last year of over $2,000,000, and they
have secured more increases this year,
because their union Ib growing
These are only a few of the organizations that secured more wages, and
shorter lmurB and better working conditions. Every organization In the
American Federation of Labor secured
some benefit last year, and will get
more this yenr.
But the non-union men and women
are working for the same wages, except'where they have been given a
-''-H raise to keep tbem from joining a union.
I-nliorers in unorganized industries
now 1/ocelvo $1.50 to $2.00 per day of
1. ' i-'-e'v hours each, while or-
"Rnlznd mechanics In these same In-
Why Not?
It Is hnrd to resist the inference of
Bishop Garland's widely-quoted statement. Tho Bishop asserts that "more
people have boen converted to socialism during tho last few years than to
Ciir'ii'tlanlty." Bishops ought to be
more careful of what they say.—Louise
R. Elder In Life.
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
B.    C.     FEDERATION*    OV    LABOR—
Meets In annual convention In Jan*
miry. IQxecutfve o.»cers, 1913-14: Pr&si-
dent, Christian Slvertz; vice-presidents,
.1. Kavanagh, J. Karris, A. Watchman, if
A. Burnes, J. W. Gray, Jan. Cuthbertson,
J J. Taylor; sec.-trcas., V. H. Midgley.
Hox  104-4.  Vancouver.
Meots first and third Thursdays.
Executive board: H. C. Benson, president; W. Mention, vice-president; J. \V.
Wilkinson, general secretary, Room 210
Labor Temple; Jus. Campbell, treasurer;
W. Foxcroft, statistician; J. Sully, ser-
geant-at-arms; h\ A. Hoover, V. R.
Mldgley, W. R. Trotter, trustees.
Directors: l-'j-ed A, Hoover, J. H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James-Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettipiece, John McMlllnn Munlock McKenzle, F. Blumberg, II. H, Free. Managing director, J. R. McVety, Room 211
Sey. 63110.
ALLIED  PRINTING   TRADES   COUNCIL—Meets Snd Monday ln month.
President, Geo. Mowat; secretary, F. R,
Fleming, P.O. Box 66.
penters and Joiners—Room 299.
Sey. 2808. Business agent, J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to C n.m.
Secretary of management, committee,
H. McEwen, Room 209, Labor Templo,
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wed
m'wiluy In Room frfti.
tlonert-.'  Local  No.  46—
Meets  second  and  fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m.  Pi*
Ident,   J,   Kinnalrd;   «or-
roHponding  secretary,   W,
,   Rogers,  Room  220,  Labor
nanclal' secretary,  P.  Robin
necond Thursday, 8:30 p. m, Presl
dent, C. Hnld; recording secretary,
Geo. W. Isuucs; secretary - business
agent, C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 6 to 7 n.m.
Soy. 1776.
Acq Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets
first Sunday of eaoh month. President,
Wm. Laurie; financial secretary, A. Mac*
Donald, Room 208 Labor Temple., Phone
Seymour 1764.
ters and Joiners, Local No. 617.
Meets Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, it
p.m. President, A. Richmond; recordinc
secretary, Jno. Geo. Porter, 3QD Labor
Temple; financial secretary, G. W. Wll
Hams. 306 Labor Temple; treasurer, L.
W. Deslel, 906 Labor Temple. Phono,
Sey.   1380.
-and Joiners. South Vancouver Nn,
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, Twenty-first
and Eraser Ave., first and third Thursday of each month, 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, J. W,
Xtitkleson; recording secretary, Thon.
Lindsay, Box 36, Cedar Cottage; final'
clal secretary, J, A, Dlckieson; treamir°i
Robt. Lindsay; conductor, A, Conahor;
warden, E. HaU.
WORKERS' International Union,
Local 97—Meets second and fourth Friday, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President*
J. A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oaklo?'.
738 Semlin Drive, phone Sey. 639,
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Rout.;
307.   President, James Haslett; corr-jtf-
Sondlng secretary, W, S. Dagnall, Bos
3; financial secretary, P. ft, Brown;
business agent, W, S. Dagr.all, Room
■W.   S*y. 870*.
?18,—Meets Room 301, evetty Monda;-.
v p.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vtce-
nrcstdfiit, Geo. B. Mmiltnn; recording
secretary, A. F. GI1i«oii, Labor Templo;
financial secretary, Robt. Robinson;
treasurer. Harotd T. Johnson; business
agent, H. A. Jones, Room 207, Labor
CKiARMAKERS'    LOCAL,    NO.-   M7-.
Meets  first Tuesday each month, S
f.m. President, Geo. Gerrard; secretary,
lobert J. Craig, KurU Ci&ar Factor*;
treasurer. S. W. Joliv«.*m
British Columbia Division, C. P. Sys..
tem, Division No. 1—Meets 10:80 a.mr"
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Locnl sec-treas,, A. T, Oberg.
Box 432, or 1003 Burrard street.
821 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. President S. S.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent, F. L, Est-
tmihniisen. Room 202.    Sey. 2348
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 t 62—Meeta
every Friday evening, 133 Water street
President, G. J. Kelly: secretary, Thos.
Nixon. 133 Water street.
ond nnd fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Chas, Mattlnson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; flnanclal secretory,
'   H. McVety.   Sey. 6360.
penters, Local Union No. 1669—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street. President, M, C. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
i Westminster, B. C.
Labor Temple, New Westminster, corner Seventh street and Royal avenue,
every second Sunday of each month, at
1:30 p.m. President, P. Paulsen; aeerstary, S. W, Jameson. Visiting brothers
Union, Local Vo. 146, A. F. of M.--•
Meets second Sunday of each month, 840
Robson street. President, J, Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; -secretary, C.
P. Howett; treasurer, W. Fowler.
Meets first and third WednesdayrO'Brlen
Hal!, 8 p.m. President, G. Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumpter; financial secretary. D. Scott: treasurer, I. Tyson; business agent, 13. R. Still. Phone
Sey. 1614. ___
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H. Murry; flnanclal secretary, V. J. HnrrK
1608 Robson S*..: recording senreln.-y
Skene Thompson. Hub P. O. No. 8, Box 3
business agent, W. J. Nagle. -
Branch—Meets second Tuesduy, 8:00
p.m. President, J. Marshall; corresponding secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
financial secretary, K. McKenzle.
ers' Union, No. 88, of Vnncouver
and Victoria—Meets second Wednesday
of each month, 4 .p.m., Labor Temple.
President, Chas. Bayley; recording secretary, Chris Homewood, 249 13th Ave.
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets - Labor Temple, second an<*
f-.uri'i Wednesdays at 2 p.m., and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President.
IT Scbofleld; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting. 68 26th Ave. E., City
Heights P.O.; financial secretary, Fred
A. Hoover. 2409 Clark drive.
Til Local 397—Meets every Wednesday. 8 p.m.. Room 201. Labor Temple.
Financial secretary, E. Prendergast,
Room 216.
mw 'WBinmrivsB, a. o.
second and. fourth Thursday of each
month ln Labor Temple, corner of Royal
Ave. and Seventh St., at 8 p.m. President, J. L. Hogg, Hankey Blk., Sapperton; Secretary, A. McDonald, 881 Royal
Ave., New Westminster.	
PLUMBERS' and STEAMFITTERS' Local 41)6—Meets every seeond and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall,
7:30 p.m, President, D, Webster; secretary, A, McLaren, P.O. Box 966, New
Westminster, B. C.
nunc- aumx, «.o.
Union No. 413—Meets last Sunday
In month at Carpenters' Hall. President, Glenn Searle; secrotary-treasuri-r,
W. P.  Black. P.O. Box 849.	
lavsBS' uxnom.
KiMuikley Miners' union, no. too
Western    Federation    of.   Miners"-
Meets Sunday evenings, In Union Hall.
President, E. A. Hlnes; secretary-treaa*
urer. M   P| Villenenyc, Klmberley, B.C.
No, 2888, U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. President, Sam Outhrle; secretary, Duncan
McKenzle, Ladysm'.th, B. C.
—Meets every Sunday In Dlstriot
Offlce, Vendomo Hotel, at 7:80 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B. C.
Western Federation of Miners—
Meets every Wednesday evening, tn
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement Theatre for rent.
President, Sam -Stevens; secretary. Her-
bert Varcol, Box 421. Rossland, P. C.
Union, No. IOC, W. F. Of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:30 p.m. President,
George Cum tell; secretary, Frank Campbell. Box 26. Trail, B. C.
Socialist Party Directory
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30
i..m. In the Sandon Miners' Union Hall,
Communications to be addressed Drawer
1K, Sandon, B. C,
—Meetings held flrBt Tuesday In each
month, 8. u.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; recording and corresponding secretary, W. W. Hocken. P. O. Box 60S;
financial secretary, L. Kakely, P. O. Box
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS'. Local No. 62—Meets first nnd third
Weinendavs each nmnth, 8 p.m. Prosi-
»Mit, J. Kavnnngh; socetary, E. A. B.
Morrison. 1769 Eleventh Ave. East.
Meets last Sunday each month, 3
p.m. President, A. E, Robb; vice-president, A. H. England; secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
Council—Meets flrst and third Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson street,
at 8 p.m. President, A. Watchman, .fcc-
retnry, L. II. Norrls, Labor Hall, Victoria, B.C.
jientors      and      Joiners,
,       Victoria
Branch, Meets every Thursday, 8 p.m.,
Labor Hall. Johnson St., Victoria. Business Agent, H. Simmons. Office hours,
8 to 9 a.m.. 1:30 to 2:30, 4:80 to 6:30
p.m. Secretary, A. B. Wrench; offloa
hours. -8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 6:80
p.m.; phono 2668. P. O. Box 770, Vic
torla. B; C,
68, 8, P. of C.—Holds Its business
meetings every flrst Sunday In the
month, and educational meetings every
third Sunday ln the month ln Room
211, Labor Temple.
every Friday at 8 p.m., in Minora'
Hall, Nelson, B. C.    I. A, Austin, See-
for business and propaganda every
Tuesday at 8 p.m. in Dominion Hall, Pender St. Public meetings In Dominion Theatre Granville St.. Sunday evenings. Secretary, O. L. Charlton, City Market,
Main street.
Easy times often account for hard
Of America rJQ*r
cowiiiiht »T»»m HAMawsnmi) ism I
Short Lessons in
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three times
the amount of light obtained from a carbon lamp
rith the same consumption of current?
Would it not ho adrisahle for you to secure this improved form of lighting?
After you have considered the above querieti visit our
Halesrooms and ask the lamp counter clerk to demon-
strati; the difference between the Tungsten lamp and  .
the ordinary carbon lamp.      '
For the convenience of our customers we
carry a full line of Tungsten lamps of nn
approved typojn stnuk
Carrall and
Hastings Street
1138 Granville St.
near Davie sassspp
...HAT », 1918
The models, are strictly tailored, perfectly shaped and
:   finished.   Tho'prices: asked indicate exceptional value.
i See these models today.  They will appeal to yon.
AT 11.25 — Waist or white
cambric, made with tucks and
wide pleat at shoulder. These
come with soft collar and
cuffs, ln sizes 34 to 44.
AT»1,M—Prefectly plain tailored waist of muslin, In dainty
hairline stripe; come in sizes
34 to 44.
At the same price we offer a
plue waist which 1 s made
along the tailored lines; also
models ln cotton repp ln
mauve and white, black and
white, blue and white, and
grey and white; all sizes, at
»1.B0.  -
AT $1.76—Dainty dimity shirtwaists in perfectly plain style,
with pocket, in all sizes, from
(Bnrfcfltt BnjH&aU, Uimttpd
575 Gramille Street       Vancouver, B. C.
Campbell's Clothing
For Spring, tmbracea absolutely every good feature possible—gppd materiah, good workmanship, good fit. good style and good patterns,
To Look Is to Buy
ClothlngManl   V^JH,AJYUjllKO |   St.'sasf8
«*S*gM »t. waw
Bttween Abbott and OaroU.
Charming Assembly of New Spring Suits for Women
The moot bewitching styles that ever a spring haa Been are here on
display. Some of them ln our window today. The unusual beauty of
these new spring suits is ln a great measure due to the superior quality of
materials, perfect workmanship and colors, which make them the most
attractive suits we have ever shown. Practicability is the great feature
of these garments. They are designed ln the newest and most up-to-date
styles; smartly tailored, daintily finished and most becoming to all women,
A Few Distinctive Models Are Briefly Outlined Here
Smart navy tailored suits, of fine
French serge wl th semi-tit ted
coats, notched collars and revers.
The coats are cut with either the
new straight or cut-away fronts,
with breast pocket and lined wltb
grey satin. Skirts are in two-
panel styles, showing new side effects. Price 186.00 and $30.00
Handsome suit of light grey
Bedford cord. The coat is cut on
straight lines with two-button fastening and rounded front, coat collar ond black satin revers, three-
button fastening, lined with
grey satin. Neatly cut skirt,
.showing pleats on side gores.
Price   $33.00
Dressy tan suit, made of the new
piplln material. The ooat shows
cut-away front and fancy shaped
back, collar and cuffs, smartly
trimmed with cream and brown
lOponge, two-button fastening,
lined with tan mussallne. The
skirt is made with high waist line
and new wide front.   Price $40.00
Fancy black and white Bedford
cord suit. The coat has a slightly
cut-away front, fancy shaped collar and lilac ksatln revers, three-
button fastening, tailored sleeves
with fancy cuffs, lined with grey
satin. Four-pieced skirts with
panel front And back. Price $30.00
Stoves mp Ranges
Mount Pleasant beadqiiurters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
fe Picyorc TOBACCOS
at the Labor Temple Cigar Store and Newsstand
"The Smiling Scotchmen on the Job"
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
602 Hastings Street Weil
♦J Operates by the latest, most scientific and painless methods
Specialist in Crown, Bridge, Plate and Geld Inlay Work
.   Hours 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres tb Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the lend (or at least
two years; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 al the end of two
years, and the balance of $ 160 (i.e. $ 120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply lo
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
. "Soliloquies of Algernon."
Editor B. C. Federationist: I really
don't know what's coming' to the
world at all. The manner ln which
the working classes are beginning to
fancy their chance is most alarming.
Ton my word it is.
Since coming out here from the
olr country, I find It Is really worse
here than there. .
- They are not only discontented, hut
as a matter ot fact, are becoming absolutely savage. They even want to
do away with US, as though the bally
world would continue revolving 111
we of the upper class were, not here
to guide It on lta course.
The working people are absolutely
without tact, at least I think so.
Only yesterday I was reading an account in the "World" of a visit paid by
their Majesties tbe King and Queen
to the Potteries ln tbe "Black country." Their Royal highnesses were
enjoying themselves wonderfully well
and the queen was taking so great an
interest In the common people that
she asked one of the girls If the
work was not tiring.
Now a really/ Intelligent person
would have understood that the cor
rect thing to aay was that "It was
perfectly easy, In fact, a pleasure,"
but Instead ot doing so this girl, who
I am sure will never rise ln the
world, said, "I don't like the work."
Such an utter disregard of the effect of such a brutal statement,
though lt may be true, upon the enjoyment of their majesties Is only a
sign of the way the working class Is
going since these socialist agitators
have been allowed to exist.
In my opinion, It Is time we revived
the "Inquisition" of glorious memory
and put out of existence all those who
do not swear everlasting allegiance to
things as they are.
.On second thought I find that would
hardly be expedient, for so many of
the common people are inocculated
with the spirit ot discontent that if
we executed all who were ln such a
frame of mind, we might have to go
and do some work ourselves, wblch
would really be worse tban at present.
Since I have been staying In Vancouver I find that my man, William,
has been reading that bally paper tbe
"Western Clarion," and actually believing all the rot about the working
class producing all wealth, etc., with
which the rag Is filled.
I prepared a trap for him the
other night, In order to aid him to
get rid of Buch foolish notions, I
brought two or three fellows up from
the club and after we were nicely
settled in my room, I called in William. I opened up on him by showing him that there could be no work
If there was no upper class to give
Jobs to the common people,
I am beginning to think I made a
mistake In allowing him to reply, for
dammltall he made us look like fools
before he finished, ln fact, he actually said during his remarks, that I
owed my position ln life to the fact
that an ancestress of mine had been
handsome enough to catch the eye of
King Charles II.; he Insinuated that
my family was actually illegitimate.
Of course It Is true, but that Is none
of him dam business. I would have
discharged Mm then and there, but
unfortunately I owe him three months'
wages, and then again it Is so deuced
annoying to have to go to tbe trouble
ot getting another man. He said he
would not press me for payment of
hts wages provided I attended the
Empress theatre on Sunday evenings
during my stay ln the city, and so we
have' compromised much as I detest
the thought of mixing with the common herd.
I shall give my impressions of the
meieting, however, though I expect lt
will he an easy matter for one possessing an Intellectual capacity such as
mine to controvert their statements.
With a declaration of my battle cry,
Vive GeorghiB V. Rex
Deo Gratia et Popull Ignorantia,
_ Yours,
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Religious
duties consist in doing justice, loving
mercy and endeavoring to make our
follow creatures happy. And no man
or woman can consistently profess to
be a Christian without throwing his
or her whole weight against the monstrous system ot Injustice that lies at
the foundation of all society. The
choicest gift of God to man is the gift
of Reason, and lt is the duty of everyone to do their utmost to make this
world a better and happier place ln
which to live.
1 -ocnl 231), Hodcarrlers and
Building Labor.
The local Clgarmakers' Union, No.
357, Is making an effort to reach each
and every union man tn Vancouver.
Hence this direct appeal to YOU, Mr.
Union Man, to aid us ln our fight
against non-union made cigars, and to
give your patronage to Vancouver
union-made cigars. Eight years ago
our books showed 50 members, and all
steadily employed, with a population
for Vancouver of 50,000, and less than
half the present number of union
men to give us their support. Since
then new organisations have grown,
and most all Unions have doubled and
tripled their membership, while Vancouver has grown to, be a city of' over
150,000 population. Today the Cigar-
makers' Union shows a membership of
ii5, showing a gain of only 15 members, which Is very discouraging not.
only to us clgarmakers, but to all loyal union men. We know of no reason
why we should not have grown ln
accordance with the added growth of
the city and union men.
Now, fellow union men, It may surprise you to know that If all .union
men were loyal to their fellow union
brothers, we would have a membership of at least 400, Instead of 65 aB at
It may please you to know that
there Is not a non-union cigar made
ln Vancouver; but they "get here Just
the same," aid are shipped Into Vancouver by th> hundreds of thousands,
to be consumed by people who care
not for home Industry or their fellow
union men.
Most ot tho cigars made by the trust
aro made by machines operated   by
noys and. girls who barely get enough
to exist upon.
Would you. smoke a cigar made in
schools run by a rank scab concern?
Ot course not; but often a good union
man will unthinkingly take a cigar
offered him by the dealer made under
unfair conditions,
Did you ever atop to think why the
dealer usually offers scab cigars or
some other cheap stuff? Simply because he buys them cheaper; and let
us assure you that tbe Vancouver
union-made cigars are as good in quality as any other. They are made under clean conditions, quite different
trom those made tn filthy tenement
house districts of the east.
The following; cigars are made ln
union shops In Vancouver: Kurti
Pioneer, Royal Honor, Mainland,
British Lion, Terminus, P. ft G., Capilano, Sunset, Old Crow, J. C, Vancouver Club, Diamond Crown, Very Best,
Vancouver Belle, Herman's Bull Dog,
Booth's Bouquet, Masonic Knight,
Union Guard.
Out of so many good local cigars,
will you try and find one suitable to
your taste, By doing this you will
receive our heartfelt thanks; at the
same time ypu will be helping your
self and union by bringing a few hundred good loyal union boasters to Vancouver to help swell the ranks of
unionism. We are sure you will help
us, so thank you accordingly.
President Clgarmakers, 867.
In all paiuntrles. Aslt for our INVKN-
TOU'H ADVISUtt.wlilch will Im muit free,
364 Unlvcrc"/  St.,  Mgntrc.il.
One of the most prominent posters
to be  seen around the olty at the
present time Is that advertising "Government Annuities."
The poster depicts an aged man and
woman commencing to climb a long
hill, while above the picture Is the
quotation, ."Don't go over the hill to
the workhouse," and below Ib the
usual recommendation to "put something by for old age." Needless to
say, tt Ib a man and woman of the
working clasB who are depicted wending their- way to the workhouse; the
aged of .the ruling class do not know
of such places, save when some
thoughtless young parson, who has
not fully learned the trlcka of his
trade, bring such matters to their
If ever a damning Indictment of the
rottenness of the capitalist system waa
.published, this appeal from the ruling
class to Its slaves, that they stint
themselves still further and purchase
annuities in order that when profit
can no longer be squeezed out of their
carcases, they may not be a charge
upon their masters, Is stich an one.
The poster Is frank, brutally frank.
"Over the hill to the workhouse."
There Is no covering up of conditions,
no attempt to befool those who possess eyes with whloh to see. It points
out quite clearly tbat the lot of the
wealth-producer when he Ib no longer
able to produce sufficient profits for
ilio master class, Is one of destitution
and want, unless he Is able, by stinting himself of the things which are
necessary to make existence a trifle
il liferent than that ot the brute beast,
to Invest in an annuity for old age.
Old age! How many of the work-
'ng class reach old age, as the term
Is commonly understood? The vitality
Is so crushed out of them by the merciless pressure of the economic conditions existing under capitalism that
they are aged and dead before reacting the age at which mankind should
be at its best.
Conceived In destitution, unwanted
In many cases even before they see
the light, born and raised In the shadow of uncertainty—the shadow cast
by poverty and want, dwarfed, bent,
and misshapen by excess of toll, the
brain checked In Its development because of an Ill-nourished body, the sun
of Its desires equal wltb tbat ot the
ox—the satisfying of hunger and of
the desire for sexual cohabitation. An
organism tbat comes Into being,
grows, and withers without having
had an opportunity to develop.
ThlB Ib an Illustration of that godlike being of. which the religious
mouthpieces ot the master class speak
so feelingly, and ot these are the ma-
intlty of the working class. It Is of
these that the master class asks that
they contribute so that should they
by virtue ot Inherited strength come
through the mills of canltalism without being too badly crusted, they may
prolong their miserable existence
■vlthout coat to the master class.
Thrift Is one of the highly praised
bourgeois virtues, as a matter of fact
"It Is the unthrlftlness of the working
class which Is the cause of their poverty,", and when it Is not that lt Is
"drink," so it doesn't matter which
way you look at It they are poor
through a fault of their own.
Thrift! Just imagine anyone in
even this country of high wages being
thrifty and virtuous; the thing Is
ridiculous. Thrift among the mem-
ben of the working class would be a
In this last great city of the "Golden West" are thousands of men receiving an average wage of between
112 and $15. Hundreds of girls work
Hie for a wage on which lt Is Impossible to exist In a decent condition,
How Ih It possible for these people to
put anything by for old age?
What Is It that drives the girls of
all .nations Into the brothpls--that fills
Ihe JallB of the world with so-called
criminals-lull tho desire to save
themselves from destitution, even
while In possession of youth?
Any member of the working class
who stints himself (or herself) more
than the conditions surrounding make
necessary Is committing a crime
against society as a whole, and against
his class In particular.
Of course, If the working class Is
thrifty and manages to exist on less
than usual, bo much the better, from
the viewpoint of the ruling class; they
will not need so much in wages, therefore the expense of maintaining industry can be decreased and the profit
U is admitted that the workers are
compelled to forego many things that
are needed to make even existence
bearable ln order that they may continue to exist during those periods
when they cannot find work because
they have produced too much.
"Government Annuities" is no solution for the problem of the working
class, the overthrow of the capitalist
■"'Stem, tbo abolition of "government"
Itself Is the only solution to the problem confronting the working class of
the world.
If tho workers desire to be thrifty,
dei'lre to rid themselveB of the fear
i destitution and want, their best investment will bo ln the literature obtainable from all socialist locals. Then
tbey will be able to study the position
o lliolr class In society, how they are
exploited, and the means whereby to
nilileve their emancipation.
Every ct^sman's common sense
tells hlni be ought to belong to the
union of hla trade. His.duty to his
family, to hla fellow workers and
to himself demands this, says the
Bakers' Journal. He knows that as
an individual worker he Is powerleas
to Improve hla working conditions,
and has, perhaps, made up his mind
to some time join tbe union, Ha ought
to realise that he cannot afford to
neglect tbls Important duty; that
every day's delay helpa to place him
and his fellow workera ln a more dangerous position, and that unless he
aids in putting a atop to the tendency
he Is responsible for hla own and Ms
fellow workers' degradation,
The non-union worker may argue
that he la a freedom citlsen,
and Intends to work for whom
he pleases, for- what he pleases ana
as many hours a day aa he pleases.
But he knows that he has to ask the
employer for the opportunity to work,
take what the employer chooses to pay
and work as many hours a day aa the
employer requires.
Only through the united action and
collective bargaining of organlied
labor has It been possible to shorten
the workdays, raise the Wages and In
many ways Improve conditions for tha
workers, Only by these means have
the tollers of tbe land been able to
successfully resist reductions ln pay
or extensions ot hours; to make tbem*
selves respected; to secure bettor
homes, better clothes, better food and
more comforts for themselves and
their families; to make the shop a
better place to work In; to ■ secure
some meaaure of protection ln their
labor, and tn many other ways to
raise the standard of living and oltl-
senshlp for working people.
Organised labor has established the
principle that men and women have
as much right to aay what wages they
will accept and how many hours a
day they will work aa employers bave
to raise the price on their products
whenever they see lit In their efforts ln this direction they all work
together and reach'their end by "collective bargaining," or what is the
same thing—united action. The only
successful way to cope with them la
to use the same methods, and thla
can be done only through thorough
organisation In the whole Industrial
It cannot be too forcibly stated or
repeated too often that the only way
ln which a non-union worker can help
himself Is by joining with others of
his craft In a common effort to help
all. By becoming a member ot the
union of his trade he combines the
whole force of that union with his
for his own advantage and thaf of all
the other members and In addition
he enlists the sympathy and support
of all the other unions In his behalf.
The fight of one Is the fight of all, and
when all stand together victory ln almost every case Is assured. By remaining out of the union the worker
not only stands alone, but he has the
whole power of the union necessarily
against him Instead of with him, as
it would be If he were a member.
By all means, non-union worker, get at
once into tbe union you are entitled
to enter and help swell lta power for
good tor yourself and everybody else.
Tbe general strike recently declared
off by Nelson unionists on the understanding that the matters not already
agreed to would be submitted to arbitration- Is not entirely settled as yet,
the employers so far refusing to live
up to the agreement. The Trades apd
Labor Council has decided to renew
negotiations; falling ln that course,
the question ot calling another strike
will be considered.
At last meeting John Notmiin was
elected secretary to succeed C. H,
Hardy, resigned, while A. L. Wilson
succeeded Mr. Notman as vice-president. The council will assess affiliated
unions for the purpose of replacing a
paid business agent In the field to look
after the Interests ot unionists.
Retail Employees
The retail clerks uf Vancouver are
organizing with a view to improving
iheir comlltlbns. The first thing to be
attempted Is a campaign ln favor of a
weekly half holiday all year round, the
limitation of their working hours, and
the general Improvement of the conditions of workers In shops and stores.
AH persons working In stores from
the manager downwards are eligible.
The initiation fee for men Is 50 cents,
whilst women are exempt. The
monthly dues are 25 cents. Tbe first
union was formed ln Victoria this year.
Victoria Trades and Labor Council
has requested tbe city council to pass
a by-law providing for a weekly half
holiday for all employees working on
retail premises, and suggests that the
holiday shall be Saturday afternoon.
Palntera, Local 138,
The Painters at their meeting held
In Room 301, Labor Temple, on Thursday, May 1, voted a donation of (50
to the relief fund of their brother
"artists" In the city of Dayton, Ohio,
Tho trade outlook for the future is
dull, and a number of arrivals from
other parts does not help. Despite
Mils membership is increasing slowly,
nnd with |ierslBten.t educational work
on the part of our members there Is
no reason why the membership should
not continue to Increase. Rome—nor
any other city worth the name—
wasn't built In a day; but If some of
the Vancouver slave-drivers had been
superintending the Job, a different
story might have been told.
Trade Union Label League
The laiibel League held an Interesting meeting on Tuesday, which was
attended hy sixteen delegates from
tho various locals. It Is however,
disappointing to state that the locals,
practically depending on the label,
have failed to be represented at the
last two meetings.
The monthly dollar has been already
received from the following unions'.
Bartenders! Sign-painters, Electrical
Workers, Brotherhood, Carmen, and lt
may be said that there are more to
follow. It would be advisable for the
Locals to forward their subscriptions
to A. Livingston, secretary, Room 220,
l,nbor Temple.
Join the U. B, of Carpenters
After a membership of close upon
nine years, J. W. Wilkinson snd W.
Foxcroft have severed their connection with tho Amalgamated Society of
Cnrpenters, and have Joined the
United Brotherhood of Carpentors and
Joiners of America.
Daisy—Is she so economical?
Molslo—Weil, she's saving her wedding dress for a possible second marriage.
Friday Begins a 10-Days
•»*»-ammmaststmi^^mm^m,MHSS•tl^msimim»Otatma_maat^aaa____mammammm____mm. ■ ■
Sale of Summer Goods
Our Prices Are the Lowest, So Don't Fail
to See Us Before Buying Elsewhere
Look Over These Prices
Oak Grained tenon Doors
all sign   Mo
Uo Window Screens.   sts
35c Window Screens    26c
No Window Soraana -  86e
I1M Win) A Payne Grass
Shears - Ho Pair
12c   lost   J-Ply    Rubber
Hose ..8c foot
110,00  High   Wheel   Sell
Bearing Lawn Mowers tr.lt
SUM Lawn tpflnklsrs........   75e
tut Handled Axes   Mo
Mo (tool Harden Hoes—-  Me
Steele Brlgge Famous Oar-
den Seeds, I pkge  Me
MM Iloetrlo Irene, 10 yt.
guarantee MM
t1.M Fish Rode  tltt
Phone Seymour 3472-3473
Hardware and Tools
H A splendid stock of the beat in the world's market.
We make a specialty ot supplying every need snd requirement ot the artisan in our line.
7 Hastings Street West Phone Seymour SM
Get Your Money's Worth
Patronize Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
f___^ "7S-3E WheriMAi i\ IM tic iiKAc-ient
\W__t\   qiKPFNnFO*^
"Wort with the President and
the President worts with you"
VrssMsat luptaaaia OurutMd
Have a Case of
Cascade Beer
sent round to your home. There's no
purer, richer, healthier Boer brewed. Tho
bust doctors recommend it for n safe,
wholesoinle home beverage—not <an ex- - ,
pensive luxury, but a good, economical
In ths brown bottles—$2,00 tho esse of
One Dozen Quarto or Two Doisn Pints.
Vancouver Breweries, Limited PAGE FOUR
fbidat;.......,...„........„..„iu,t t, mi
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Provinoe and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a oopy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake in buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
346 Hastings W.   ISO Oranvllle
tl* Hastings W.
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend 1
Western Studio
424 Main Sb Formerly at 440
YiaCOUTIB, ■. £.	
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Stoves and Nice Warm
for the cool weather at
897 Granville Street Cor. Bmythe
Phone Sey. 8745
Furniture Co.
Wide-Awake Furniture
Company, Limited
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3887
Is your name on the new   voters'
Mr. Union Man
Here ia the place to
buy a union - made
We oarry the largest
assortment of union-
made bats in
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
$2.00 Hats
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143  Hastings  Street  West
A Credit to Union Workmanship
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
Berry Bros.
Agents  for Cleveland Cycles,
"The Sloyol* with the Bepntfttloa"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
eia KAimroi st. a.
Phone ttymonr 7808
Most up-to-date Baths In the city.
Hot Room, Steam Room, Massage and swimming Tank. All
Included for' One Price, $1,00.
Hastings and Carrall Sts.
Pete Bancroft, Prop.
»1.00 for 13. Apply Joan, Ll»h»boan,
Stents? Park.
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subacrlptlon $1 Per Year
Miners' Magaiine 60S Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
Miners Keep Away
THE strike is still on at the
Queen   Mine  and  Silver
Dollar, at Sheep Creek, B. C.
All working men urged to stay
away until this strike is settled.
Jos. Qllbert, editor ot the "Seattle
Herald," speaks ln Dominion Theatre
Sunday evening, May 11th. Subject,
"The Yellow Peril on the Pacific
Coast." Mr. Gilbert ts one of the best
Informed and entertaining Socialist
speakers we have and the "Yellow
Peril" affects us all,
—   —— a  i
Ask Your BARBER For
Quality tho Beat
s. o. sissisi lurni oo.
108 Hastings Street East
Agents for
Cyolea   for  Hire
Expert Repairing
W. H. Morrison, Prop.
Phone Seymour 2794
The Tailors' Union
Tuesday, May 6, Journeymen Tailors' Union No. 178 held lta regular
monthly meeting In the Labor Temple.
Much important business was transacted. Delegates to the Label League
were appointed to help further this
laudable efforf. of Vancouver's earnest
trade unionists to encourage working-
men ln particular and the public ln
general to patronise those Arms, fac-
tolres and shops that give union con-
dlions to their employees, and specially those who use union labels,
stamps or store cards to guide the
purchaser ln right selection.
The Journeymen Tailors also decided to organise ln the future on the
eight hour basis. It is right that thla
step should be taken. Tailors all
along the Pacific Coast and in the eastern states are getting these standard
hours. Why should the Vancouver
tailors lay behind? They are not going
to do It. They propose to be abreast
of the times. This Is one of the most
progressive cities ln the American
continent. The tailors propose to
be in touch with the spirit of Vancouver and the standard conditions of this
day and generation. Hence this move
foi an eight hour day. The whole
trend of the laboring masses Is for
shorter hours of toll.
Among the Palntera
"Tbe Painters' Union membership Is
at least working under strictly union
conditions, where they are working at
all," said Business Agent Nagle to The
Fed. yesterday. "We are affiliated
with every organization on the map
which has for Its object Improvement
in the conditions of wage-workers.
Our membership Is not aa large as it
should be, but 176 of us have determined to make a flght for all-union
conditions. That is to say, we will not
work for a contractor unless union
conditions are maintained on all his
work. We adopted this policy some
months ago, and the Increasing number of union shops bears testimony to
the wisdom of this policy." Following Is a list of employing painters who
refuse to make agreements with the
Painters' Union: David Spencer, Hudson's Bay, BlBhop-Gasknell Co., Cross,
Buchanan & Cross, Ramsay, Cudtllppe,
Olobe Paint Co., Orant Bros., HuestlB
ft Stuart, Harry Kay, Rye Slemmon &
Co., Jos. P. Schran, Stanley & Co., J.
W. Beresford, T. E. Cooter, Earl ft Boh,
N. G. Foster.
Moving Picture Operators.
Secretary Hansen of Local 233,
Moving Picture Operators, reports
that most of the elty theatres are now
employing union operators, there being 31 working at present. The boys
have opened an office for the convenience ot the membership at Room
100, Loo Bldg. The officers are working along quietly and the prospects
for a thorough reorganisation, after
the recent strike, are very good. The.
central labor body's assistance to secure the appointment of a competent
civic examining board for operators
should help some. Might be a good
Idea to see that "Lew" Gordon, recently appointed provincial censor, was
given power to see that only competent operators were employed. Not
much use ln preserving the morality
of movy patrons if they get tangled
up In a fire and wind up with no
bodies to keep 'em ln. Here's to The
Fed. This union is among the number who agree that it takes more than
a vivid Imagination to run a labor
Despite adverse weather conditions
and slackness in the building trades—
building permits notwithstanding—the
Shinglers continue to make satisfactory progress. Membership on the
increase. Old members continue to
drop ln from the south and express
themselves as being glad to be back
In Vancouver again. Phone number
Sey. 3126. Calls tor shinglers promptly attended to. Price lists mailed on
request.   P. Sabln, agent.
Hamilton Labor Temple
The directors ot the Hamilton Ubor
Temple Association has accepted a
proposition from local unions and individuals for over eight hundred
shares of stock at one dollar per share.
Among the unions reported as having
subscribed since the last meeting ot
the directors are, Musicians, 100
shares, this Ib but the flrst allotment;
Stove Mounters, 26; Plumbers, 260;
Printers 200; Barbers, 200; with Stone
Cuttere,' Sheet Metal Workers, Carpenters, Metal Polishers and others
seeking a committee to further explain the Labor Temple proposition.
J. A. Sullivan, of the Cigar Makers'
Union, handed In several applications
from individual members of tbe union,
some of whom aro women.
Better Than Life Insurance.
If it were possible to lay before the
members of labor' organisations, as
well as the workmen who are not
members of labor organizations, the
actual accomplishments of the trade
unions, It would have the most astounding effect. Day after day, week after
week and month after month from
every quarter of the country comes
news from local unions of their success ln securing legislation, shorter
hours, advanced wage scales and
other betterments.
For a whole solid hour the captain
had been lecturing his men on "The
Duties of a Soldier," and he thought
that now the time had come for him
to test the results of his discourse.
Casting his eye around the room he
fixed lt on Private Murphy as his first
"Private Murphy," he asked, "why
should a soldier be ready to die for
his country?"
his country?"
The Irishman scratched his head for
awhile, then an ingratiating and enlightening smile flitted across his
face. "Sure, captain," he Bald pleasantly, "you're quite right. Why
should wo?"
Changs of Time,
Why do they call It Merry England?"
"They don't any more."
"When did they quit?"
"Since the arrival of the suffragette
they call it merry something else."
There is nothing tbat really figures
but labor. Materials—analyze materials. You will flnd that material
means nothing but labor. Freight and
supplies? Analyze them. They mean
nothing basically but labor.—Charles
M. Schwab of the Steel Trust, reported
in Pittsburg Leader.
Number of Essential Things Being
Done to Promote Better Conditions in Building Trades
"If your union has surren-  .
dered* lta charter and is ready
for the crematory, please advise The B. C. Federationist."
ThlB Is the message tbat was dug up
trom some part of the editorial sanctum of that worthy labor paper and
submitted to our local union 617 on
May 6th. It was read and considered
by the brothers present, and it was
decided that the best thing to do was
to nominate a press correspondent to
represent &X1, and that duty has been
entrusted to Brother J. G. Porter, recording secretary to Local Union 617,
and the District Council of Carpenters
and Jolnera.
Now, I don't know what sort of
scribe I will make, Mr. Editor, but
having been honored by the position,
I shall endeavor to do my best, and
that lan't much. 1 fully appreciate the
faot that It is good to Bend in press
communications from time to time
aiid let the various organizations see
lhat we are really doing something
and are not asleep. I have Been somewhere, Mr. Editor, "He that bloweth
his own horn shall require that no one
else shall blow It for him."
Referring to another letter that -was
received from The Federatlonist, asking for subscribers, I was appalled
when I read that less than a dosen of
our members were subscribing to your
paper out ot a membership of approximately. 600. I do not really believe lt is the fault ot any of these
brothers that they do not subscribe, lt
Is just because they sometimes do not
think and act. If we could get all
brothers to .do ever so little In the
cause of unionism, even to buying The
B. C. Federatlonist at 76c per year,
he would be at least helping the cause.
Dealing with the subject of subscription ta your paper, I am pleased
to announce that lt was decided at our
last regular meeting that a committee
of three be appointed, including Bros.
A. McDonald, Graham and G. Snell,
with duties assigned to them of endeavoring to gain more subscribers to
The Federatlonist, so any brother who
would like to know more about the
matter should have a conversation
with anyone, of the brothers whose
names are on the committee. Now
don't always be a kicker (It is all right
sometimes I must admit), but Just get
down and do something.
For the benefit of organised labor, 1
would like to state that a communication was received at the last meeting
from the District Council of Carpenters of Seattle and King county. It
mentions the fact that Fry & Co., meat
packers and retailers, have been employing a non-union crew for the last
ten years, working ten hours per day
and Saturday afternoons at $3.60 per
day. The butchers, teamsters, clerks
and others also have grievances
against the firm, and it was by a unanimous vote of the Central Labor
council that they be put on the unfair
A communication was received at
our last meeting from W. Foxcroft,
secretary of the organisation committee for the Union Label League. It
mentions that "every union is Invited
lo send delegates and support the
movement at the rate ot $1.00 per
month, at the same time advising Individual members to attend meetings
and become members. It was therefore decided that this Local 617
should send two delegates, and the
brothers nominated were D. W, Lyons
and F. Flxon. The Idea Is a good one
and should be supported by every good
union man In the olty.
The Important matter of amalgamation of the two carpenters' organizations in this city Is growing apace.
Every week something Is being done
to bring this to a head, possibly unnoticed by a large majority of the
members, who unfortunately are not In
possession of the full facts and are
therefore unable to judge correctly.
The Brotherhood of Carpenters are
awake to the tact that before the best
work can be done ln this city, or any
other city, with regard to organizing,
It must be one craft, one organization.
There are matters I would like to
speak of, but at the present stage lt
Is best left unsaid. Anyway, I can
say this', that a very Important move
was made at our last regular meeting.
Local Union 617 had much-pleasure ln
taking within its ranks two very well
known men In the labor movement—
I. W. Wilkinson and W. Foxcroft, both
i rom the Amalgamated, admitted to
the Brotherhood on clearance/cards.
I wonder how many know that the
Brotherhood of Carpenters Is undoubtedly the largest organization of skilled
mechanics that the world haa ever
known. The membership at the present time has turned the quarter million mark, and yet has only been lh
existence since 1881, represented only
ln Canada and the U. S. A,
The Brothel hood consist of over
2000 locals, and Is represented In
every Industrial centre of Importance
throughout Canada and the United
States, where there are 26 or more
Theie are other Items I would like
to bring forward, but Will let this sub-
led rest until another week.
The matter of the formation of a
Building Trades Council In Vancouver
Is travelling well, and from the present outlook there Is nothing to prevent this body being In full swing in a
very few weeks from now. At a mass
meeting of the Brotherhood of Carpenters, called on April 28, a motion
was passed to advise the District
Council to send to the B. T. C. Ave
provisional delegates to represent the
Brotherhood, and a motion agreeing
with a! cent per capita tax was put
nnd carried.
General Organizer Dowler, who Ib In
Ihe city, explained that the B. T. C.
was actually ln existence ln Vancouver, and has been so right along, as
the charter had never been revoked.
With regard to organizing the carpenters of Vancouver, I hope to be ln a
position shortly of giving Information
that will be very agreeable to organised labor generally.
At. last meeting of the District
Council ot Carpenters, which met
M«v 6, Ave delegates were elected td
represent the Brotherhood of Carpen-
trs on th B. T. C—A. McDonald,
Ohlshoim and G. Williams of Local 617,
Featherstone of Local 1436, R. Lindsay
of Local 1208.
The raffle organized by the District
Council of Carpenters on behalf of the
wife nnd children of the late Bro.
Flndlay of North Vancouver, who wan
drowned, was drawn for, Bro. A^ex.
Christie of New WeBtmlnBter Local
did the drawing, with the following
Plumbers and Steamfltters, Local 170,
Trade continues dull. During the
last two weeks we have Initiated at
our meetings twenty-five new members
and have fifteen applications ln hand.
Our "baseball" team is rapidly getting
In shape as a result of the strenuous
spring "tryouts" held on the Cambie
street grounds. Any other union
"baseball" team that wishes to meet
us ln mortal combat kindly make arrangements with our "genial" manager, the "Hon.- Brlgham" Young,
Room 216, Labor Temple.
With a view to placing before .the
non-union members ot dnr trade resident ln the city and district the advantages to be gained by becoming
members of the union, an open meeting, to which all workers Interested
in the trade are cordially Invited, will
be held ln Room 307, Lahor Temple,
on Wednesday, May 14. A oommlttee
has been appointed to give the meeting the widest publicity, and a number of well known unionists have bean
Invited to speak.
We must admit that you were justified In your remarks ln regard to Information from this union for The
Federatlonist. However, we hope to
do better In the future. May say that
all last week representatives trom all
the locals In B. C. and Puget Sound
met representatives from the Puget
Sound Shipping Association and B. C.
Marine Association in Seattle, to discuss wages, hours and conditions.
After several days' discussion an
agreement was arrived at which gives
us an Increase In wages, shorter work
day and better conditions. Bald agreement Is being submitted to our Pacific
district convention, whloh convenes
today at San Pedro, Cal., for ratlAca-
tlon. If accepted, no doubt will go
Into effect right away. Kelly and
Thomas are our representatives.
Steam Engineers
Local 397 of the International Steam
Engineers has notified employers, Including the city, that a new schedule
will be enforced after June 1st, calling
for an eight-hour day and $4.60; time
and a halt for overtime and double
time for Sundaya and legal holidays.
The membership of the union now
numbers over 200, 21 having been
added to the roll during the past
month. The regular meeting nights
have been changed to the first and
tntrd Wednesdays of the month. W.
Byett Is president, while E. Prouder-
sast is the business agent. Headquarters are maintained in Room 216,
Labor Temple.  Tel. Sey. 6487.
The Bartenders, Local 676, are
showing good progress. There were
nine Initiations on April 20 and six on
the evening of May 4. The bar boys
have decided to send a delegate to
the convention In Denver on June 9.
They will hold a big smoker on the
night of May 22, in Dominion hall, and
have been promised the services of
musicians and good singers galore,
also good boxing bouts and athletic
feats from the best exponents In the
. Press Feeders to Organise
- The press feeders working In Vancouver are not at present organized,
but they held a meeting last night In
the Labor Temple tor the purpose of
forming themselves Into a union,
about twenty being present and signifying their Intention to join.
Domestle Employees Union
The new union of women, known as
the Home and Domestic Employees
Union, continues- to make steady
headway in spite of the somewhat
jocular predictions of failure made by
many at the start. They now have
over seventy members ln good standing.
R. A. Rigg, secretary ot Winnipeg
Trades Council, speaking In that city
last week said the twentieth century
was too late a date for the formation
ot another naval force. Other nations were groaning under the burden
of maintaining the machinery of war
which was rapidly becoming Insupportable. Two great economic Influences were at work making for the
dissolution of the existing war forces.
One waa the International charaeter
that capital waa acquiring, making It
Bulcidal tor nations to go to war with
each other. The real rulers of the
world to-day were not the kings, emperors and presidents. These were
but the nominal representatives of the
money kings wbo held the fate of empires ln their bands. Aa the Interests
of these monarchs became more widely world-wide the occasions for wars
of conquest were lesened.. The other
economic Influence was that of the Increasing solidarity of the workers,
who were waking up to the tact that
their Interests were identical the
world over. This had led. to the adoption of the attitude by the International working class organisations of an
anti-war spirit and the day was approaching when the workers would
refuse to be the suffering victims of
wars that are provoked- for the aggrandisement and mercenary benefit
of those who are atlll able to proflt by
strife between nations.
esults: 1st prise $7.00, ticket 829,
Mrs. J. Key; 2nd prise $4.00, tteket
24, F. Graham; 3rd prise $2.00, ticket
27, Jas. H. McVety. 837 tickets were
•old, wblch makes a total of $84.26.
The prizes total $13.00, leaving a balance ot $71.25. The books of tickets
were kindly donated by E. T. Kings-
Carpenter work has been steadily
Improving the last few weeks, owing,
I suppose, to the Improved conditions
if the weather and the slight loosening up of the money market.
In conclusion, I would Uke to mention,' for the benefit of those who are
not at present ln our ranks, that the
initiation fee is only $6.00, but will be
raised to $10.00 July 1.
I. G, P,
Good and Reliable
Always to be had at the
Imperial Wine
54 Cordova Street West
Phone Spy. 956
Men's Suits
Spring Wear
In tweeik .ind serges,
guaranteed indigo dye,
and guaranteed to retain
their shape. Made with
single -breasted sacque
loat, with three button
front and the Bartlett
patent pocket, which prevent the coat sagging at
the side, and have the popularized seams and double
stitched edges. Trousers*
are medium peg-top style,
and have side buckle for
adjusting the waist measure. They represent the
greatest suit value ever offered.   Special for $15.00
Hudson's Bay Stores
"Boat Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 8822
TOOLSBest Assortment in City
Clos»at Prices.
Satisfaction Guaranteed
If a Tool ia not satisfactory to yon in every
way, we want you to bring it hack. We will
replace it, or return money without queetion.
Phones Sey. 2327-2828       111 Hastlnje Street West
____m SPRING suit
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine slock to select from
FRED PERRY Ubor TemPle T*a°'
Corner Homer and DuBimuir Street*
Overalls and Gloves
We oarry a good etook of Carhrrtt Overalls, blue.
black and striped $1.50
Kentucky Jean  1,00
Buok Brand Overalls 1.00
Carhartt Gauntlets, 81.60 2.00
H. B. K. Gauntlets, 75o to .2.50
tos-ia waa—n at. w.    .  om. io_ tee
Shoae for Harries thoae for Comfort
thoae for Draee      Shoae for Ivsry Roqnlromot
We've pioked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're at the service
of every man who desires the best shoes his money oan buy.
a   Ja    V/ IV IV Opposite the City HaU
Named Shoae Are Frequently
Made In Non-Union Factories
no matter what Its name, unless it bears a
plain and readable impression of this Stsmp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot Oft Shoe WorKere' Union
246 Summer Street Boston, Msss.
J. F. Toblh, Pres.    C. I. Baine, Sec.-Treas.
wish to announce that Mr. Franklin and members of his orchestra
are not members of the Musicians
Union. When engaging music for
your next dance or social, make
sure that your Orchestra is composed of UNION musicians.
For full'Informatlon Phone Musicians' Union
Sey. 7818.  640 lobeon Street


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