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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 11, 1913

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Array ^■SSSSSSSSSSSJSSSS
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONS
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: BTBBNQTH/^^ OghCIAL PAPBB: VANCOOTBB TBADBB AMB^^  -"4B*> ■    BOLTTICAL UI
POLITICAL UOTTt:
FIFTH YBAB.   No. 105.
VAKOOWBg, :fl % FRIDAY, APJHL11,IM3.
11.00 A ¥!*£
SOCIALIST TICKET IN LOS
AMBLES.
The following were nominated at
the socialist convention held In the
Labor Temple, Los Angeles, Sunday,
March 30th, as candidates tor ths various cltv offices, which will be contested at the coming municipal elections:
For Mayor—Job Harriman.
City Attorney—C. O. Morgan.
City Assessor—A. V. Salyer.
City Audltor-P. D. Noel
Cltjr Council—Ralph Crlswell, 0. F.
Srow, H. A. Hart, Mrs. MUa Tnppsr
aynard, Mrs. Francis Noel, Fred C
Wheeler, Frank E. Wolfe, T. W. Wll-
Hams, Paul Wedderiene.
Board of Education—B. B. Hunt, W.
Soott Lewis, Mrs, Ella L. Marriam,
Mrs, Bertha Wllklns Starkweather,
Frank I. Wheat, Gordon Whltnall, Mrs,
"rank, B. Wolfe.
Job Harriman Opens his campaign
Ith the following declaration:
"Ws enter upon this campaign with
unanimity In our ranks and a fighting
spirit In the make-up ot all our party
workera, In tha last campaign, ths Socialists ind labor unionists worked together tor the flrst time and were, as
wu to be eipected, somewhat unacquainted with each other's methods.
But now, after II months ol co-operation, ther understand .each other intimately aad are heroically working for
the same end.
"Hundreds ot men and women com*
Into our headquarters every day beg-
Elng to be given an opportunity to
sip do something tor the cause, anxious to-help us on to victory. Our
commutes*, departments and organisation are In perfect condition,, preparing for a magnificent struggle. Tons
of literature are being prepared tor
distribution.
"Our prospects are much brighter
than they bave ever been. Our candidates are all very strong and each Is
more powerful thsn anyone tha enemy
will place against him.
"The issues will be somewhat similar to those ot the lut campaign. We
are going .to point on that the taxea
are grossly unfair; the largo owners
of property escaping taxation, leaving
the smaller owners to besr the burden.
Upon this and many other Issues we
will go before the public. We are
sure ot victory."
HEROES WITHOUT LIMELIGHT
The English newspapers just out
contain an account ot an accident involving the loss ot three lives by
sewer gu. Some employees ot the
Kensington Corporation were working
in a sewer and becoming overpowered
by the gases all struggled out of were
assisted out but one. He wu killed
snd so were two members of the Are
brigade who went to help the stricken
men without waiting to argue about
tha risk or ths quality ot the sacrifice
they might be about to make. It Is
aot stated In the account of the disaster that a national memorial service will be held in St. Paul's cathedral
with the king present. Nor Is the country ringing with praises tor the sslf
sacrifice at these obscure heroes. The
design of the status to be erected by
an Admiring nation to their memory
hu not ret been decided upon—but
"surely, surely, a great and rich nation Ilk* ours will see to lt that those
whom we leave behind are cared for.
Sure, my dear man, sure. Are nOt our
poor housss the best of their kind tn
ths worldt Well, then, get on with
your dying and don't kick up such a
row about It Th* working clsss are
too busy building statues to the mem.
ory ot their masters to bother about
you or your kind.
MONEY WAOE8 AND REAL WAGES
Is a table prepared by the Labor
Department of the Board of Trade
(United Kingdom) tor the use of the
Parliamentary Select Committee on
the condition of employment in the
postal service, demonstrates in a remarkable way the fall In real wagu
by showing how ths purchasing value
ot a sovereign-has decreased. The
yesr 1MB Is taken u th* standard
year when Ms. purchased 10s worth
of merchandise. The gradual fall ln
value of th* sovereign Is given th* lot
lowing table:
Tear Tear- Tear
s.   d. s.   d. s.   d.
1886....20 0 US1....18 4 M07..-17
1888....80 0 1808....18 8 1808...J7
18»7..„18 8 1808...17 11 1808...17
18M....18 6 1904...18 0 1810..J8 11
1888....18 4 1M5....17 11 1»U™17
1800....18   f>. U09....18   0   1818...18
Thus, lut year, a sovereign *x-
ponded In the same quantity and quail-
ties of food u In 1MB bought onlr
what Us, Sd. would have bought In
1886.
As to ths proportion of money spent
tn food we mar tak* that ot IBs. wages
ln 1888 about 16s. was spent on food,
leaving Ids. for other things, and that
gut ot a wage ot 80s a week 18s
spent on food, leaving 18s for such
necessaries u' rent,.fuel clothing
light, furniture, recreating, etc. Ot
these other things perhaps rant Is th*
chlefest; this hu risen In some places
and fallen in others. It Is stated by
a well-known statistician that the pup
chulng'power of a sovereign In relation to "other things' hu decreased by
at least 10 per cent since 1886.
Cub wsges hav* increased to soma
extent since 1885; up to 1811 th*y hid
risen by about 18 1-8 per cent. But
It Is clear that the rise In wages Is
not equal to th* lncressed cost ot living snd this implies thit nil wig**
have fallen. On* of the main planks,
therefore, In the platform of ths labor
movement In tha United' Kingdom
must be Increased ot wages not only
to compensate for the tall In money
value but to Improve on old condl-
tlons.
Civic Employees Tackle Burnaby.
Ths local civic employee! have, during th* last week,,been In touch with
some ot the "men working for the Burnaby municipality. Th* result Is thst
about twenty are ready to Join tha
union and It Is expected that a branch
of the olvlo employees will be started
at New Westminster for ths convenience of these new members.
SCAFFOLD INSPECTION AT WINNI-
PEG
Lut week in Winnipeg, seven contractors were hauled up before the city
magistrates for having defective scaffolding on their work Some were lined
whilst others were provided with very
efficient proof that lt would not be
wise for them to Ignore the Building
Trades Protection Act unless they
were prepared to pay for It. How long
will lt be before Vancouver gets the
Inspector which lt Is now empowered
to appoint since the city charter was
amended tor that purpose?
Bartender Local (76.
The Bartenders' Local 876, ar* progressing nicely. They are getting th*
house card ln several hotels that never
possessed one before. Great progreu
Is shown with Initiation. The faot that
Looal (76 hu Installed a business
agant In the UsM. wltk. hudquaftws
lh th* Lsbor Tempi* hu given than
considerable prestige with th* other
crafts. They are considering .the ad-
vislbillty of sending a delegate to the
convention to be held in Denver, Col.,
on June 9th. It they go through with
Idea lt win be the tint time ln their
history that they will be represented.
But the Bartenders ar* ambitious to
have their local organisation consider.
ed a "live one."
it ef th* Cooks,
Left, to Right—Standing, Ed. Flore. Internitlonil
Witter* ind Bartsndsra, md F. M. Feider, Organiser ■sitera' Union. Sit
ting, A. Macdonahr, Business Agant of Bsrtsndsrs' Union snd H. B. Walker,
Business Agsnt of Casks, Walters snd Wsltrsssu.
The above group wu taken upon nary trades, la the Ubor Temple on
the occasion of th* recent visit1 ot
President note to Vincouver, During, hla stay In th* city, besides going Into ■ deal of routine businsss
connected with the orgsnlutlou of
wlhch he is president, he addressed a
large meeting of members of th* cull-
March list whu tit chair wu taken
by President Laurie, of the local bartenders. A gnat amy matters of Interest to th* local members w*r* dealt
with by President Mors, ud they
ire satisfied that much good will result to the members of th* culinary
trades In Vincouver from his visit
NELSON STRIKE
The general strike- ln the building
trades, with the exception ot the carpenters, still continues at Nelson, B.
0. The litest development Is thst
Oeo. Hardy, secretary of the Trades
snd Labor Counoll, and B. Litchfield
have been arrested on charges, ol
picketing. Lut February th* City
Council of Nelson passed I resolution,
which stated that only union men
would be employed by the city. Thie
action hu been rescinded bythe council this week. Scavenger wagons,
driven by non-union teamsters are being escorted through the streets by
the police. At a meeting held In union
headquarters lt hu been decided that
scavenging work should be allowed to
continue with union teamsters on the
wsgons. A. Elliott hu been appointed
acting business agent of the Trades
and Labor Council, whilst Oeo. Hardy
is away. Mr. F. Moffat hu been retained to defend Messrs. Hsrdy snd
Utchfleld when their case is before the
magistrate.
Soclsllsts Will Speak on
Streets at Lethbrldge.
The Socialists of Lethbrldge have
approached the Mayor and city authorities to ascertain their attitude towards the deeire ot the Socialists
to speak on the struts during the election campaign. They have been Informed that u lOng as no obstruction or
Inconvenience to traffic is caused they
will ot be Interfered with.
In tweeds and serges,
guaranteed indigo dye,
and guaranteed to retain
theif shape. Made with
single breasted sacque
oat, with three button
front and the Bartlett
patent pocket, which prevent the coat sagging at
the side, and have the popularized seams and double
stitched edges. Trousers
are medium pegrtop style,
and have side buckle for
adjusting the waist measure. They represent the
greatest suit value ever offered.   Special for $15.00
Typu Want More Wanes.
The Typographical Unions ot St
Paul and Minneapolis have decided to
uk for an Increase ln wages snd the
seven-hour dsy on the dally newspapers. Th* present scale Is $84.(0 for
day work and $87.60 for night work for
a wuk of 48 hours. In the new scale
voted, the request Is for MM cuts
per hour for day work and 71% per
hour for night work, This Is equivalent
to $27 for day work ind $80 for night
work for a week ot 42 hours. The
sell* tor apprentices called tor is that
they shall receive for their first year's
work 20 per cent, of the Journeymen's
scale; second year, 40 per cent; third
year, 00 per cent, and fourth year, 80
per cent. The beginning ot the fifth
year, of course, the Journeymen's scale
applies,
Ontario Typos Convene,
The call for the second conference ot
Ontario Typographical Unions Is being
sent out to affiliated unions. - The conference wtll be held at Ottawa on May
23, and as the convention of the Labor
Educational Association opens on May
24, delegates will be enabled to attend
both conventions with little additional
expense. During the six months ot Its
existence the typographical conference
has been perfected, and the May convention is expected to be an extremely
Interesting gathering.
Shingle Wesvers.
The Shingle Weavers' International
BEWARE OF LOUIS Ll CLAIR
Spokane Sections! Central Labor
Council sends wirnlag to the Vincouver Trades ind Libor Council u follows:
"In order thit wis miy protect the
libor organisations and memben, also
business men of the country from being defrauded, It becomes necessary
for the Spokane Sectional Labor Council to warn all city esntral labor councils and others that a man hu been
gritting, representing himself ss being
st the head of national libel leagues,
snd the Lord only knows how many
Other take organisations hs Is it the
head ot, ,■•'-
"This man, Louis LsClalr, formerly
a member of the Electrical Workers
of this city, and at one time secretary
ot the local Card and Libel League,
has, u we hive been Informed, been
passing oft u i trade unionist it tha
held of the above organisation. He
wu kicked out of the movement In
this city, and advertised by our looal
labor papsr,
"We wish to warn everyone that he
ts i taker, snd not entitled to the lust
consideration it the buds ot the libor movement, of Its friends, and the
sooner these tacts are known to the
public the bettor for our movement,
as any good trade unionist does not
want this kind of a man grafting the
public, and giving la turn a black we
to the labor movement"
Unions In N*wfoundtand.
A few years ago ther* wu not a
single labor organbiUon on th* Island
ot Newfoundland.
The following union ar* now established on the Island, In the elty of St
Johns alone: Longshoremen, Carpenters, Coopers, Tailors, Teamsters, Firemen, Bricklayers and Masons, Cabmen, Seamen, Shoe Workers, Leather
Workers, Printers, Barbers, Bsksrs,
Cooks and Stewards, Farmers, snd th*
Plumber* ind Steamfltters bar* form'
ed s local and applied for a charter.
EDMONTOlTSHEWERY
WORKERS ORGANIZE
- The brewery workers of Edmonton,
Alta., have Jut bun organised 100 per
cent Th* JOb wu tackled a week ago
by Frank Niadennler, Western Cin-
idi organiser, with headquarters at
Lethbrldge, ind on Saturday night
last he wu ibis to hind over to the
hew union * signed agreement with
both th* breweries of th* Twin Cities.
' The agreUHat provides for a nine-
hour work day, with Batorday afternoons ot; i weekly pay dty In cash
arbitration tn caae of dispute, snd
spsdil provisions tor compensation In
cu* of ledSdoht
l Th* portent of th* agreement will
be best understood when It Is
that It means aa Increase of 	
$7,000 a yur In the payroll of the two
breweries.
' Th* charter membership of the new
local Includes fifty men, which will be
lnoruud to 85 ia another wuk, u
th* soft drink factory employ*** will
be added by that Urn*.
. Organiser Nladarmler expects to
taavt for Vancouver ind Victoria by
tha and of the present month, ind
hopu' to accomplish whit others hive
'ailed to do In th* cout cities—namely, plant a couple of live locals In
thou lnduitrlil centres.
The wsge scale and the other working conditions provided for should
prove an inspiration to brewery workers In Western Canada, and help to
Justify the large amount of money the
International hu expended In an en-
deavorto organise this territory In the
past
Following Is tb* wsge seal* igreed
upon:
Chief Engineer, $110 per month, 9-hour
day,
Assistant Engineer, $86 per month, 9-
:  hour dsy. !
Firemen $85 par month, 9-hour day.
Cooper (tight work), $20 per week, 9-
hour day..
Cooper (slack barrels), $18 per wuk,
Hour day.
Malt house (first man), $21 per'week,
9-hour day.
Other men working In malt house,
per week, 9-hour day.
Brewery workers, $17 to $19 per week,
9-hour day.
First cellar man, $20 per week, 9-hour
day.
First men In brew-house, $20 per week,
(-hour dsy.
Bottle-house machine men,   $17 per
week, 9-hour day,
Bottle-house helpers, $16 per week,' 9-
hour dsy.
Bur Peddlers, $21 per week, 9-hour
dsy.
Teamsters, $19 per week, 1-hour day.
Teamsters' Helpers, $18 per week, 9-
hour day.
General Foreman, $22.50 per week, n-
hour diy.
A CORRECTION
In our Issue of lut week, under the
holding, "Vincouver Island Coal Mlnen Before, the Libor Commission," a
typographical error occurred, which is
very important to the miners. It states
that the coal miners have to pay the
- LETTER CARRIER* MEET.
Much Important buslnsu iffectlng
every letter canter, wu transacted at
the lut regular muting of Branch It
on April 8rd In the Labor Temple.
The committee oa the'necessity of tenants or owners supplying tetter drop*
in their doors, reported having dealt
with the matter u requited aad having hard nothing awn about It
Th* following resolutions to b* submitted to the bi-annual convention,
which take* place In Winnipeg, Friday,
August, nth* nut, w*r* duly pussl
by the muting:
Thit th* rata of pay for tetter earners In Canada with uplaaatloa of
same, b* Inurted In all ooplu ot tbe
constitution that may hereafter be
printed.
Thit the number of hOUdsys la saeh
yur b* Increased from 14 days to 11
diys,
Thit mors consideration be given to
th* requests of carrion tor extra
hew.
Thit uy carrier being seriously 01
for a lengthened period be patt his
wagu during his slcknsss, Instead of
having to wait for an indefinite period,
u at present
That tha government puh forward
their new pension scheme (now contributory preferred).
That one raincoat each year ba Issued to those places subject to extra
rainfalls.
Thst in Increase of wagu te th*
smount of 75 cents per day be added
to each grade.
The question of the delegates' «x.
penses to convention wu discussed,
ind lt wu decided to luve th* nutter
over until nut muting, when wsys
ind muni of raising sun* will be decided upon.
To thou carriers who hive not yet
attended since we moved' Into our
new hall, a special Invitation Is hereby
given to come elong to our next muting, which takes plaoe on the 2nd day
of May. Don't be ifrald of crowding
th* hall, there Is room tor all. Nsw
memben particularly Invited.
-W. A, S.
Union In Dutch Navy
On* of tha most Interesting of trade
unions Is thit ot the under-mmen of
the Dutch nivy, which hu sections on
almost ill warships. Its influence Is
very strong snd already the admiralty
hu bad to grant many of Its demands.
It hu striven bird In collections for
strikes ind In political demonstrations,
for Instance, universal suffrage.
According to the clerical party the
union carries on a strong inti-mllltarlst
agitation, and the marine minister hu
had to promise the clericals In parliament that he would proceed against
the trade union on war veuels.
COAL MINERS' STRIKE
SETTLED AT FAINT CREEK
President John. P. White of the
United: Mine Worken of America, haa
announced that a basis of ssttlsssul
satisfactory to tho ami minus ha*
been reached with the Paint Creek
CoUlerlu Compiny, ta Wut 1
when a itrlk* hu bun 1
for mor than tea swaths. *
nurly 10,000 "mu oa strL ,. _
WestVlrglaU-Md*,iadUtk*utlcl-
pated ootttuMat I* wmrammitod
•boat 4,080 will ntam te work undar
the sgrumut Th* strike of the
miners against th* Cabin Creek Ooa-
soUdatad Coal Mining Company remains in statu quo. In the terms
igreed upon u a baste for a etttte-
ment th* mala demand of tha is loses
will be graated-thit at the right of
tho coal minora to orgaatet. This, of
cows*, will oarry with It ia*
nwnthiy pay day, chock watgnmsa aad
paymmt tor coal on a tonnage baete «t
1,000 pounds. .The coal strike tav
braeu both Paint aad CaMa Creaks.
White rawer men hav* bua oa strike
la tha Paint Creek section, the territory covered by the propoud uttte-
nwnt, th* Cabin Creek ooal miners,
out-numbering th* Paint Cruk mu
two to one, struck In sympathy with
th* tatter. Th* present strik* had Its
Inception April 1,1911, and tt hu has*
one long story of military rate and Indignities hupsd upon th* minus. For
msny rtn th* United Mine Worken
have fought valiantly to orgaalu tha
Wut Virginia coal Holds. Tha ssttlo-
mut announced is predicted to be the
precursor of ths final achtevemut of
tha mlnen In bringing within the font
the unorganised miner* ot Wut Th>
RAILWAYMAN'S FUNDS.
At the time of tho recent crisis be.
tween the Rallwaymen*' Unton aad
the North Eutern Railway Company
ot England, tho tut wu brought oat
that tha Amalgamated Society oi Railway Servants had a large portion of
their funds Invested.
The details are u follows:—
Gnat Eutern Railway 4
pdr Cut Debenturu......£4,t71
Oreat Northern Railway 8
per Cent Debentures 4,000
Great Western Railway 4 .
Iter Cent Debentures...... 1,000
Greet Northern Rillwiy 1
per Cent Preference...... I
Orut  Northern  Railway
(Inland) 4 par Cut.... MOO
Orut Southern and Wut-
•rn Rillwsy (Intend) 4
p*r C*nt   8,180
Lancashire ind Yorkshire
Railway   1   per   Cent
Debs.' L 4,000
Gsnsrsl Strike In Belgium.
A general strike Is planned to commence In Belgium on April 14th unless
the government yield* to tha demands
tor manhood suffrage. Troops sre being
dratted to Industrial centers, so thst If
the strikers conduct their attain without disturbance the military will te
there to start something to Justify
them clubbing the workers. This Is
obviously a cue for "dlroct action,"
8treet Rallwaymen Strlk*
Straet Rallwaymen an on strike In
Buffalo, N. T„ for higher wages and
readjustment ot their working houn.
The International Railway Co. brought
In 250 strikebreakers from Philadelphia and other cities with the result
that some of the cars were met with
a shower of stones ud other persus-
slve Items when they left the terns
to go oh the day's run.
Contractors Sue Labor Tempi* Co.
Messrs. Lang, Major A Co., trchl-
Union is miking a winning campaign I *"* *L *?!SLTL ¥i&?'II.»!E
in the West to organise the woodmen "**. _* %*%_? SftfJSf\.
and sawmill men. They claim <mf-_tl^_'_J&_rJSS_\h?^
gained .more memben'at Bv*ntt'SSfJJSS? £^__,_f&&&_\i
Wash., in two houn on one day ri- £^"SB1*flP!!]_^__^SS
cently than the I. W. W. did in six _\_?^_y_i\_V!!__?£&—■
coal compiny it Cumberland twenty ........ . ,«..-.
eeioM pet pound for 80 and 40 per Stent «"> flats_af the ™__[ _W he Just
glut powder, lt should have stated
that the miners at Cumberland have to
pay the coal company thirty cents per
pound for 80 ud 40 per cent giant
powder. This Is a vary substantial
difference, and one which materially
affects the mlnen' case.—Bd.
Hudson's Bay Stores
OORNIR OF OEANVILL1 AND OKOEOIA
whole yun. The tatter are denouncing the union ln language mora uvere
than they fling at the employers, u
might be expected,
Short Dsy and Efficiency.
A Boston concern, which keeps sn
elaborate coat system to determine
the efficiency ot employees, reduced
the working day from ten to nine
hours' and found the employees did so
much more and better work that a reduction to eight houra followed, The
Improvement In quality and lncreue In
quantity of work again was so gratifying that the company hu announced
it will esablish a seven-hour day.
Mining Fatality at Hosmer.
Another accident hu occurred at
Hosmer, one of the mines, manned by
the members of District 18, United
Mine Workers of America. On the
night of April 1st a cave-In of roof
occurred in No. 2 South, B Level, kill
lug Alexander Kowryluk and badly In.
Jurlng M. Powluk, who Is expected to
recover.
which have not bun accepted by tht
directors.
J
Strlk* Riots it Auburn, N. Y.
Strike riots occurred at the Columbia Rope Company's plant Auburn, N.
Y, April 4th, The police fired one
round above the buds of the strikers,
and when again attacked fired Into the
crowd.. Six strikers, two women and
four men, dropped. Two will die. One
Is a womin.
T. ind L. Counoll it Preston.
Preston (Ont) unloni ire taking
steps towards the formation ot i
trades snd liter council. The following crafts hive locil unloni then:
Iron Mouldan, Bricklayers ud Mi-
sons, Metal Pollsters, Buffers snd
Piston, Stove snd Furnsce Mounters,
Muclclms tnd Barbers.
Quite Different—What?
The proud tether, to whom i college
education had teen denied, met his
daughter at th* train on her return
from college,
"But Helen," he said, "aren't you
unusually fit?"
"Yes, did," Ihe replied, "weigh,one
hundred ind forty pound! stripped for
gym.'"
The tether looked dised for i moment and then demanded: "Who In
thunder ll Jlmt"
Frank Ryin.
A gang of structural Iron worken,
heided by Frank Ryan, president ot
the Structural Iron Worken' International Union, were hurried to Columbus ind othsr Ohio cities to reptlr
bridges wuhsd iwiy by th* racent
grant flood*.
To Limit Women's Hour*.
Th* Texu senate hu passed Anally
tha bill prohibiting th* work of females In factories, laundries ind public Institutions mors thin flfty-four
hours i wuk.
Tht Duth Roll cf Liter .
According to in official report there
hive been In the construction of the
new witer vtiduct to New York, out of
11,000 men employed, 200 killed ind
2,800 severely Injured, chiefly through
dynamite explosions, This sad record
his only teen beiten In the construction of the Panama canal, where, In
eight yeara, 1,087 lives have bun lost.
R. P. Pettlplece
R. P. Pettlplece, managing editor of
the B. O. Federatlonist hu, for the
psst few wuks, teen away from town
In connection with proposed plans for
enlarging th* scope ind Influence of
the Federatlonist. He Is expected back
again shortly, and In the meantime the
paper Is in charge of J. W. Wilkinson,
secretary Vancouver Trades ud Later
Council.
COAL MINERS STAY AWAY FROM
CUMBERLAND AND LADYSMITH
As illurlng advertisements hive been
Inserted In the newspapen In various
parts of tea country, ottering special
Inducements for workingmen to come
to the cities of Cumberlsnd and Lady-
lth where work,and wages are
supposed to te plentiful, we desire to
wsrn any person contemplating such
a visit, that such conditions do not
exist
There hss been a strike on at these
places for the last seven months and
there will te no surcease of this
struggle until such time u the operators will mut the men in conference and a satisfactory uttlement arranged between the Company snd the
men. We uk sll workingmen to refrain from coming to these places/and
not to te misled by what Is seen In
the dally press, or the circulars which
are being sent out by the employment
agencies. Due notice will be published ln the lsbor papers when this trouble Is settled.
the thing to go up against the ubnt
ot the military.
John Mitchell
John Mitchell, vlcepresldent of th*
Americu Federation of Liter, hu
igreed to uelst Governor Suiter in
pissing upon proposed lsbor reform
legislation. He miy be appointed head
of the new state libor department.
"Did you ull your voter
"No, sire*. I voted for thit feller
cause I liked him."
"But I understand he gave you $10."
"Well, where a mu gives you $10
'taln't no mora'n natural to like him, is
IB"
Womsn Prlnten In America
The report of the New York Department of Labor Statistics on the Typographical Union No. 6, treats the question of the employment of women
printer* In i separate chapter. The
employment of girls u typesetters began In New York City In 1863. A
little later on attempts were made to
secure labor's recognition of these new
workers, but there was much opposition. In 1868 the Women's Tynn»'aphl-
cal Union No. 1 wu formed and soon
took part as an ally In the movements
of the men. The women's union was
chartered In 1889, but it soon encountered rough water, for the employers
refused_to pay lta members the same
rates u men, and after further adversities the union was dissolved In 1878.
'ii 1»83 the New York Typographical
Union received women as members,
when the Journeymen Insisted on and
secured equal pay for them.
Culinary Crafts Smoker.
The members of the cooks, walten,
and bartenders held a successful
smoking concert In the Labor Temple
last Wednesday evening. A long list
of songs, recitations and speeches gsve
delight snd pleaure to a crowded attendance, whilst all kinds of light refreshments were to te had. A number
of visitors were present from other
unions and met with the welcome
which Invariably marks th* hospitality
of the members ot the culinary tradu.
Leo Tolstoi's Will
Tolstoi's will, providing for the partition of his Yasnaya Polyana estate
among the local peasantry, will te carried out by his daughter Alexandra.
The land will be turned over to the
peasants on the tests of no rent and
lessee In perpetuity. „
0  »
0  0
S  0
. 6,000   0   0
0   0
0   0
0   0
Strlk* Stops Shower Bsths
The Y. M. C. A. at Nelson announces
that the shower baths st their headquarters will not be ln operation again
until the strike In that city is settled
aa teamsters cannot te obtained to
supply coal.
Winnipeg Tailor*' Strike
The custom tailors of Winnipeg are
on strike, about 100 are affected at
the present time, of which 50 in women. According to latest advices they
hare every chance of winning.
Halifax Carptnttn.
About thru hundred carpenters ot
Halifax, N.S., went on strlk* on Monday. They demand a minimum wage
of 40 cents per hour Instead of 88
cents.
London Brighton a South
Cout  Railway  4   par
Cent. Dabs, 1,000  0  0
London A North Weeera
Railway   8   par   Cut
Debs  2,687   0  0
London A South Western
Rillwiy   8   ptr   C*nt
D*bs  5,004   0  0
London A South Western
Rillwiy 8 1-1 per Cut.. 8,000 0 1
Mldlind Rillwiy 2 1.2 per
Cut Debs. ...... ..„ 8,100 18  t
North Eutern Railway 1
Cent Debenture* 6,8888  0  S
In the event of i strike telng declared this fund would. In tha Ont
Instance, bur the cut of flnanetng th*
struggle; but ln the uu ot emergency
the fund earmarked for friendly tenants could te drawn on. The value of
this is returned u £254,602 15s, 7d„
of which about 1200,000 la Invested In
mortgages on houu property. Of
this total, £79,879 9s. ed. represents
mortgages on the housu of member*,
ud Is, therefore, scarcely resllubl*
it short notice.
Detective W. J. Burns
Detective William J. Burni, of Mc-
Namara fame, doesn't wut hli plotur*
shown In movie shows in Toronto, aad
some of the movies have teen restrained from using them for a weak
under an injunction. Toronto labor
men are not breaking their necks to
see the grut sleuth Burnt, u thsy
have read enough ibout him to i
their curiosity.
Toronto Liter Tempi*.
Toronto'! Liter Temple Is gradually
getting out of debt, u th* mortgagor
wu given his final cheque th* other
day to retire the mortgage. The only
encumberance the Temple hu ll I
loin ot $4000, which wu borrowed
from the Straet Railwayman's Union.
Half Helldty I
Ai i result of twelve months' experience ot i weekly halt holiday the
Leeds (England) retail shopkeepers
have Issued a manifesto, ln which tbey
express complete satisfaction with
the results of the system.
Reporter (to laborer run down by
the street car)—"Do you expect to get
damages from the company!"
Mike—"Expect 'emt   I've got 'em."
Extended Argument.
"What on earth li ill thit shouting
going on In ths street!"
"A steeplejick ind th* sswsr-msn
ir* hiving in irgumnt oa pollttes."
Crooks Exploit Prlnten
Shirks ire already beginning to take
advantage of the fact that the Calgary
Typographical Union Is trying to bring
the International convention of their
organisation to Calgary next year. Two
crooks representing themselves u legitimate, have been canvassing the merchant* of that cliy and have succeeded
In getting away with some money, but
they are not likely to get any more
u the local union Is taking steps to
prevent a recurrence ot the fraud.
Even ths Worms Turned .
A short time ago about 800 Italians,
employed on the Pennsylvania Railroad, nur Trenton,. N. J., went on
strike for a raise from $1.62 to $2 per
day. Strikebreakers were brought In.
Now the strike-breakers have struck
for a wage of $3 per day and found,
Manager—I suppose you noticed that
my advertisement read: "None but a
sober mm need apply for thli position!"
Applicant—Yes, I noticed that and
that's why I applied vary eirly la th*
morning.
Why not buy Overalls
you can enjoy wearing?
and at the same time use the
strictly Vancouver Union
(roduct of a
factory
BUCK
OVERALLS AMD SHIRTS
comply with every requirement ind fill every outdoor wsge-
worken' need—Ask your dealer (ot them
Wm. J. McMafter & Sons, Ltd.
MANUFACTURERS
1176 Homer Street, Vincouver, B. C. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
1
FRIDAY......' APRIL 11, UU.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
WOOWOKATID 18SS
Paid-up capital
■•serve
■Total ,
S 11,600/100
1S,S00,000
1180,000,000
m allow nr-
xbbist on sa-
nsm nr ova
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
On Solus win opea
tke aooount, sal roar
easiness wUl bs welcome te It lsrre er
rovscan nuoni nr
TASOOUVBB
THE BANK OF
VANCOUVER
X-wd Offloe
Vancouver, B.O.
Aatfaorlwtl Capital 90,000,000
•abaoribaO Capital l.Wt.OOC
Vftift Up Oapifal     830,000
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed ln lt
by the people, and It li always
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management.
Yonr aeconnt -m? cordially
■olloltid.
ran aBAWoxas
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Gamble Sts
Broadway-   West    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway arid Aah Sta.
Oranvllle St. Branch, 1146 Gran.
villa St.
Pender   St.   Branch,  Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
CHAS.  0.  PENNOCK
General Manager.
W. E. JABDINE,
/sslstant Qdneral Manager.
THE BANK OF
TORONTO
Capital & Reserve $11.000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so oloaely
affects your future welfire
aiid happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blossing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
WE OFFER TO YOU
for the safe, keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of finanoial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and. pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St. West
VANOOl
Mings snd
iTTvBR,
B.O.
WHEN ORDERING A SUIT
See that this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets .
If
4 It stands (or alf that Union
Lsbor Stands for.
""■ PRINTING
with the LABEL on it
 SEE US     '	
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor Temple      »fc-ue aot. 44S0
HATS
Valours and FeltB of all colore
CAPS and
GLOVES
—AT--   .
PERIARDS
135 HsatiiMfa Strsst E.
THE NEW
ORPHEUM
Granville Street
VAUDEVILLE
WaaSS BTMTBODY O0BS
S00 Gsllery Seats at ISc
THE B. C.
Published weekly by The B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, wltb
which is afflliated 16,000 organised wage-
workers.
Issued every Friday morning.
President Jas. Campbell
Vice-President  3. \V. Wilkinson
Vice-President   .J. McMlllev
Treasurer. J. H. McVety
Managing-Editor. tt. Parm. Pettlplece
Ofloei   Boom S10, labor Temple
TsL lev! 3080. ,
Subscription:   11.00 per year;  In Vancouver City, 11.25;   to unions sub-
scrlblng In1 a body, 76 cents..
__t ot S__i She hope ot the world."
IfV; WATCH THE LABEL ON YOUR
1UO paper. If thla number Is on It
your subscription expires neat Issue.
FRIDAY APRIL 11, 1818,
THE 8TRANGER
WITHIN OUR QATE8
As Is usual at this time ot the year
the question ot Immigrants coming
into Canada and into British Columbia
In particular, is very much to the
front. From the dally press we are
told that Immigrants are reaching
Vancouver at the rate of one hundred
per day, and further, that they are a
very healthy and robust looking lot of
people with nice looking, sturdy children. This description of each year's
Immigrants has served its particular
purpose for a long time, and If we did
not know that the originality of the
dally press in this city Is exhausted
by the time lt haB told all the lies It
can think of about real estate, we
might Insist on more variety of expression. We have noted with Interest that each spring brings "a fine set
of people, healthy, alert, Intelligent,
and in every way suited to become
citizens of as fair a heritage as e'er
was given to man." And we have
also noted that as long as there are
jobs enough to go round, sentiment
continues to express Itself ln similar
language. But when Jobs become rare
and these marvels of physique and Intelligence Insist on the powers that
be telling them how they and theirs
shall eat and be clothed, then, all at
once, they become "undesirable citizens" or "calamity howling agitators"
or something else that Bounds pleasant and doesn't entail much strain on
the Intelligence.
Now the majority of these Immigrants are working class people and
most of them are mechanics who are
coming here to start work at once on
jobs which men who have been hero
for years are not able to find. Something has gone wrong with the works
this year like it did a few years ago,
and hundreds ot carpenters and.bricklayers and painters and tilelayers and
other classes of workmen are walking
the streets looking for work on Jobs
which are not being started owing to
what the contractors and wiseacres
generally describe as "tightness of
money" or "flnanclal stringency." Our
old friend the remittance man sums 11
up as "Don't quite understand what is
the matter, old chap, but I suppose
we've been overdoing lt a little bit,
dontcherknow."
Let the reason be what It may, on-.
employment Is more prevalent in this
city at the present time than lt has
been for many years, and lt new comers are to be poured in at the rate the
newspapers say they are, then there's
a real merry time ahead. When we
reach that place that radiant elegance
ot legislative urbanity known as Sir
Richard McBride will ponderously assure the delegations of dejection that
"such conditions are but natural, and
are Inseparable'from a great seaport
town and railway terminus." They
will also be assured that In a great
province like British -Columbia, the
process of assimilating settlers must
necessarily be attended by some slight
Inconveniences—such as starring to
death In South Vancouver as some did
last winter—and that all truly patriotic and Imperial minded citizens will
realize that fact, and do their best to
help this outpost of Empire to estab-
ish itself by eating spare copies of
Ood save the King when they don't
happen to have muoh bread around.
There would not be so much cause
to blame the authorities of this province if they had given any genuine
thought or effort to regulating the influx of immigrants, both In the interests of those who come and those who
are already here. But they have not
done, and will not do, anything of that
kind. They are not ln office to serve
the Interests of the working class fools
who elected them, but to serve the interests of employers who know that
when workers are more numerous
than Jobs, labor can be bought at a
cheaper price, and ln the minds of
such,there Ib nothing in heaven above
or earth below which is so essential aB
"a plentiful supply of cheap labor."
Yet why should there be a cry for
more and more workers? It cannot be
because the worker is such a very Important item in the industrial scheme
of things. Have we not been told a
thousand times by our pastors and
masters that Capital is the thing
which Is needed? Money, to develop
"Our" natural resources, and the
boundless potentialities ot "our" glorious province, and so on down the
list of Impudent humbug which has
given the administration of British
Columbia Into the hands of ae crude a
bunch ot sharpers as could ever be
got together on one spot at one time.
It is time the workers of this province began to take thought for the
morrow. The explanation of the Immigration policies of all the governments In Canada is this; The workers
of Canada constitute the-majority of
the voters ot this Dominion, and by
their votes they have put Into the
hands of' their masters the entire administrative and executive power of
the country. Having got that power,
these mep at once have used lt to put
themselves and their class In possession of the natural resources of Canada. Then, In spite of all the clap-trap
they talk about Money, they realize
that simply to possess forests or mines
and such things avails them nothing.
No wealth can become theirs until the
mental and physical energies of the
workers bave been exercised upon
those natural resources, and have
turned them Into things of use to human kind. And the fact Is thereby
made plain that all the wealth which
Is created, Is flrst, last and always due
to the work of the workers. The workers make all Capital. Their masters
take all capital—because the workers
give it to them; and such a Simple
Simon arrangement will be quite Jus-
tilled bb long as Simon persists In being so simple.
HIb master Is not bo simple. Whilst
he realizes that he depends for his
wealth on the workers, he also sees
that If he can so arrange things tbat
workers will be competing with each
other for a Job which they musthave
or starve, he will thereby get that labor which he cannot do without much
cheaper than he could otherwise. So
he is in favor of an Indiscriminate Immigration policy, and' the sight of
crowds of robust, sturdy workers coming Into British Columbia 1b the de.
light of his eyes. The unfortunate
part of lt is, the whole thing is so
plain that the worker cannot be expected to see it. He Is somewhat of
an epicure in his political taste and
Insists upon the complex regardless of
price. Besides, he once heard a Socialist size It up that way, and—well,
never mind.
MORAL V8. UNMORAL TACTICS
By R. W. Northey.
While my. sympathies are largely In
accord with those of the workers who,
becoming exasperated at the slowness
of the coming revolution, have drop,
ped political methods for rough-housee
tactics ln the industrial Held, yet I
would like to sound a note of warning against the widespread tendency
to turn the Socialist movement Into
chaotic channels that will lead to the
bloody revolution lt Has always been
our aim to head off. If this sort pf
thing Is going to split the Socialist
party Into opposing factions, then It's
good-bye to the encouraging slogan,
"Socialism In our day!"
Down In the State of Washington
the Socialist party, which polled nearly 40,000 votes last November, has
been disrupted, lt Is said, by the Intolerant action of the "Reds," as they
are called, and the "Yellows" have
formed a new party ln Spokane. It is
not for me to say on wblch side the
fault lay, but It ts easy to prophesy
that each faction will nominate candl-
ilRtes at the next election, thus destroying any chance of either of them winning.
It appears that the "Reds" have
adopted the I. W. W. tactics, while
the "Yellows" Intend to confine themselves to political action. Not knowing
the entire circumstances of this case,
I will only remark that it is a great
pity.
What I wish to point out is, that no
great cause has ever been permanently
won by violence. There is a moral law
which Is also an Immutable law, and
defiance of the moral law has always
meant disaster to those who defied It.
To buck against the moral law Ib
to court eventual defeat. It Is only necessary to point out to the McNamara-
McManlgal outcome to see the truth
of this. If the present Socialist movement Is to be the real exodus of the
workers out and up from the bondage
nf Capitalism, then Socialists must see
to it'that they do not trample any
of the moral laws Into the dust during
the long, dreary march across the
desert.
But our efforts should be against the
system, not the Individual.
brotherhood Is Nature's law; all humanity Ib one. Therefore, ln the final
analysis all humanity Is alike, because
It is really one—the-Spiritual One. So
«,» <nj«vldual Who grabs his brother':'
Inheritance Is only doing Just what
his victimized brother would do had
he the same opportunity. There Is no
real difference in the nature of the
man who has been able to grab and
the man who has not had the chance.
Whet makes the difference In their
circumstances Is opportunity, Now opportunity dopun't visit ub all alike: We
don't know why this Is so. but Theo-
sophists sav lt Is the working of the
Immutable law of Karma, or balance,
whereby each Individual ego receives
exact payment for his actions, good
or bad, In'a previous life. The ancient
Greeks were well aware ot the working ot this Immutable law and called
lt the action of Nemesis, their goddess of retribution. But whatever law
It may be, experience tells ub that It
Is a real and effective law.
The evolutionary forces are fighting
on our side and always will be as long
as we respect the moral laws, but directly we break them and take up the
weapons of destruction and disruption,
these mighty forces are against us,
and our most strenuous efforts only
lead to our own defeat. If we sow the
wind we shall surely reap the whirlwind. Therefore, knowing this to be
true, lt is up to us, each Individual
one of us, to raise the ethics of Socialism to a higher plane; to work In
harmony with the evolutionary forces,
which Is only another name for the
Immutable law: to cease unbrotherly
hatred of the Individual and to place
the utmost emphasis on the overthrow
' the system'that prevents the vast
majority of human beings from ever
obtaining any real spiritual, moral or
Intellectual knowledge of themselves,
whence they come and where they go,
because of the perpetual grind forced
on them by the stern necessity of obtaining enough food and clothing to
be able to exist at all. What a tragedy with granaries and mills.and factories stuffed full to overflowing and
millions of workers going half fed and
half clothed because they have not
sufficient money to buy!
HOME AND DOME8TIC
EMPLOYEES' UNION
Is the home Woman's sphere? We
hope to be able to bring very forcibly
before the minds of this community
that it Is equally man's, ln bo far sb
legislation Is entirely in his hands, for
as a union we hope to be able to force
legislation on our behalf. We believe
that the large percentage of unfortunate women which Is drawn from
the domestic employees' class is due
almost entirely to the arbitrary control
the domestic employer has today over
the domestic employee. We hear a
great deal about saving the store girl
and the business girl, but even a slight
study of statistics will show that they
are not nearly bo much ln need of being looked after as domestic employees. Vancouver Is fortunate in
possessing certain number of publlo
spirited women who feel that lt Is Incumbent upon them to take steps for
the Improvement of the conditions under which domestic employees work.
One cannot help wondering whether
the many philanthroplcally inclined
women of this province have seen lit'
to practically Ignore the domestic
problem question owing to the fact
that the remedy would affect them—
that they, ln common with other people, fall short when it is a question
of touching their own pockets and
causing them a certain amount of personal inconvenience. The improvement of conditions for domestic employees will undoubtedly affect these
women. Be that bb lt may "lt Is an 111
wind that blows nobody good," and we,
as., members of the Union, realize today that we have something to be
thankful (or ln having been thus Ignored, for on us has devolved a task,
the magnitude of which uplifts every
one of us, namely,' that of eradicating
the blot which now rests on domestic
employment.   Strange that the home,
BRLWLY bESOMPUVE
ubt or OBEAT BOOKS
AMD MEN, FOR THE
USE OF STUDENTS
LysU, Charles (1797-1876), renowned
English geologist. Bis great work,
"Principles of Geology," which has gone
through many editions, was epoch-making, as lt established beyond doubt, con-
trarlly to the theories then current, the
slow and gradual modifications of the
earth's surface, through the accumulation of agencies- now at work. He thus-
prepared the mind to accept the theory
of evolution, advocated later on by Darwin. His -work, "Antiquity, of Man,"
published in 1868, established the great
antiquity of the first human-like .beings
and the fact of a Quaterhlty OUaclel
Period. .   -
Moohaaloel Theory of Beat, one of (he
greatest acquisitions of modem science.
It consists In its being now proved that
all the phenomena which we describe as
heat phenomena (the heating of a body,
its cooling, lta melting, its boiling, the
transformation of a liquid Into a gaseous state, etc.) are the results'.of vibrations of the molecules of physical bodies. When ths sum of these vibrational
movements- (Invisible to the eye), which
are going on tn, let us say, a piece of
Iron, increases, the temperature of that
piece of Iron. Increases also. And vice-
versa, - Heat Is thus a mood of motion.
ThlB la why we can produce heat by
rlctlon. The mass-movement of a train
which ia brought to a state of rest by
powerful brakes, Is spent In the friction
-of the wheels of the train upon the rails,
and there lt appears as heat In the heated rails and as sparks thrown from
under the wheels. The quantity of mechanical force which Is required to heat
one pound of water by ao many degrees
can be measured; It has been measured
with great accuracy; and this quantity
Is known as "the mechanical equivalent
of heat." The mechanical theory of
heat was foreseen, and even partly expressed, ln the eighteenth century. Later
on, in the "twenties" of the nineteenth
century, lt was expressed by Sequin,
senior, who had already made the necessary measurements. Rudolf Meyor,
a German doctor, who waa the first to
formulate lt, ln 1846, In a comprehensible and correct form; but he waa not
listened to. Joule was the first to measure with accuracy the mechanical
equivalent of heat (ln 1866). Since 1660
the. mechanical theory of heat haa been
considered aa one of the greatest conquests of science In the nineteenth century. Its applications both In science
and Industry are countless.
Mendeleett, Dmitri (1884-1607), a remarkable Russian chemist .best known
for his dlscoverv of the "Periodic Law
of Elements." It Is known that all the
bodies which we find on the earth's surface, whether living or dead matter, are
composed of some eighty or ninety different bodies, which cannot be decomposed, ond therefore are named elements. These enter among themselves
Into.an Infinite number of combinations.
The elements, Mendeleeff discovered, If
we write them down in the order of the
Increasing complexity of their molecules, can be disposed In a table containing eight vertical columns and
twelve horizontal lines. If such a table
ia made. It appears that all the elements
placed In each column will have some
chemical properties in common; so also
all the elements lnscrbed tn each horl-
ontal row—the energy of the chemical
properties Increasing ln each row as you
go' from Column 1 to Column 8. This
suggests the Idea (1) that the molecule
of each element Is -probably a complex
system of still smaller molecules (or
rather atoms) In continual movement
round each other—like tne planets Jupiter and Saturn, with their several
moons; and (2) that in the structure of
these systems there is a certain periodicity, I.e.. a repetition of some scheme
of structure. This discovery has Immediately helped the development of chemistry. His conception of the cosmical
ether as matter, the atoms of which are
in vibrations so rapid that they cannot
bt fixed and kept ln more or less permanent chemical.. combinations, though
yet less known; Is equally. Important.
Blano, Souls (1811-882), French Socialist and historian. He proved .that tlwi
misery of the. masses was caused by individualism and the commercial and Industrial competition which the latter
leads to, and he advocated the reconstruction of society upon the basis of
solidarity, the first step being the socialisation of the Instruments of production. He wanfed, therefore, the "Organisation of Labor," the state helping
ln promoting, social -workshops. He waa
thus, with Peckuer and Vidnl. one of
the first promoters, of Socialism organized by the State. During the Revolution of 1848 he became a member of the
provisional government and the chairman of a special committee for the re-
organlzatlno of production. His chief
works are: "Organisation of Lahor"; a
History . of the French Revolution, In
eight volumes, written' from the Jacob-
ipist (Rohesolerrlst) point of view: a
History of Ten Tears (1830-1840), etc.
After the coup d'etat of Napoleon III.
he was for many years a refugee ln
England.
Bxehous.—Among all the free stem*.
Celtli, Saxon. Scandinavian, Slavonian,
Finnish and so on, which" did not belong to the Roman Empire, and had no
written law during the first centuries of
the Christian era, the tradition of the
law—that is, the decisions previously
taken In different cases by the folkmotes
—was kept In memory by special men
who -usually kept that knowledge In
their families or In special guilds. It
was their duty to recite the traditional
common law during the popular festivals which' were kept In connection with
the great folkmotes of large portions
of the federated stems, and for that
purpose the law was'often put In the
shane of verses, or triads, to facilitate
mr#iory. This habit I" atlll widely In
use in many parts of Western Asia. In
Ireland, the keepers' of the law-went
known ns the Brehons, and (bey combined this function with sacerdotal
functions. The collection of the Irish
common law, compiled m the middle of
ihe fifth century, and known aa the
Senchua Mor ("Great Antiquity"), Is
one of the most remarkable documents
among the many similar collections of
unwritten common law from that period.
Modern historians continually represent
Brehons and similar reciters'of the law
as law-makers: but this was not the
case. The lawmakers - were the folk -
motes—the Brenons. the Knyozes of the
Slavonians, etc.. being only the keeper*
of lew In Its old forms.
Salnt-Slmon 1760-1826), with Fourier
snd Robert Owen one of the-three great
founders of nineteenth-century Socialism. He ondeavored to hase his conclusions upon a solid study of the economic relations, such as they exist In
socletv, and unon the laws of their development: and through' that his teachings—"Salrit-Slmonlsm"—found a great
number of followers, and Inspired a
great number of the best thinkers (Aug-
uste Comte), historians (Auguatln Thl.
erry), economists (Slsmondl), and Industrial philanthropists of the nineteenth century. Hi- practical conclusions were lending him to nn association of Capital and Lnbor. AH the leading theoretical nrlnciples of so-called
"Scientific Socialism," or "Marxism," arc
hut a further development of fh'o tneo-
""tlonl ideas advocated by the Saint-
Slmonlsts.
ORPHEUM NEXT WEEK
The Minnesota State Federation of
Labor wtll meet ln annual convention
at St, Cloud Monday, June 16,
The silk workers who were recently
on strike ln Paterson have won, the
employers conceding their demands.
During the year 1912 the total number of men involved In strikes was 40,-
500, considerably less than In the previous year.
The United Garment Workers ot
New York city have secured an advance ot ll per week tn wages and a
corresponding Increase to piece workers.
and not the factory or the store, should
be responsible for this condition.
The present system of unlimited
hours of employment may be economical as far as the employer Is concerned, but it Is a great flnanclal bur
den on the community. Therefore, we
hope.that we shall succeed In having
a bill brought ln whioh will cover the
objects of our Uunlon, a nine-hour
day, a minimum wage, recognition as
a body of Industrial workers. When
these objects are attained, we believe
that we shall not only help to lighten
the taxes of the community, but help
other women to realize that there is
something more ln life than work and
sleep.
LILUAN L. M. COOTB.
No one ever saw a poor Arab-act.
Occasionally a troupe will bound
across the country, make a tremendous
hit and never be heard of again. They
return to their native country and remain there generally. Slayman All's
troupe of Sons ot the Desert, ten In
number, will be the big headline act
at the New. Orpheum Theatre next
week and Vancouver audiences will see
one. ot the fastest acrobatic and gymnastic acts on the vaudeville stage
today. They appeared with much success for the paat six months at the
New York Hippodrome, .and this season are making a limited tour ot the
Sullivan «Y Consldine circuit.
"Trapping Santa Claus" a fairy
play, will be the extra added feature
tor the coming- week. The story contains a child's simple belief in' Santa
Claus. How momentous is this particular thought can only be realized by
going back to childhood where our
sense of confidence in old Santa Is
only dispelled as we grow older. The
part of the child Is played by little
Caddie Hayes, a strip of a child, and
the part of "Bill Moore," by Bert S,
Frank, a former local stock-actor. The
rest of the company Is well balanced
and the sketch Is one that wtll please
both young and old.
Fred Holmes and Lulu Wells are a
couple of favorite musical comedy
stars who are taking a dip Into vaudeville this season. They have lately been
appearing ln the Lew Fields' musical
comedies, and are using much bright
and crisp chatter In their present
vehicle.
Joe Kelsey Ib a clever character
singing comedian,'who will become-one
of the favorites of the week. He Is
possessed of a strong singing voice and
is a real comedian ot the subtle sort.
He will offer some of his late songs
and tumorous material during his
stay here.
No one knows the Identity cf
"Signa," who will be another one of
the attractions at the Orpheum next
week. Her delineation of the Swedish
girl Is nothing short of a scream.
For real hurrah fun and clever Juggling exploits pass the halo to Major
and Roy, who style themselveB "The
Crockery Demolishers." Speed and
genuine, comedy and splendid Juggling
characterises their work. More comedy than anything else Is ot course
their object and judging from the
crockery broken they have quite as
much pleasure out of the act as the
audiences.
CARPENTERS GROWING
If the Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners ot America continue the
progress tt has been making lately It
will before long take rank as the larg
est trade union ln the world. The
United Mine Workers ot America occupy that position at present, with a
membership well over the 300,000
mark, but the carpenters are climbing
rapidly. Every month shows a large
list of new unions organized and substantial Increases In the membership
ot the old locals. A letter, Just received from Frank Duffy, general secretary
of the United Brotherhood, at the A.
F. of L. headquarters, asserts that the
brotherhood Is growing by leaps and
bounds. The following Is a list of local
organizations chartered by the international body during February: San
Diego, Kerman, Sanger and Exeter,
Cal.; Smlthvtlle, Tex.; Haverhill.
Mass.; . Bast Syracuse and Rockwell
Springs, N. Y.; Oshkosh, Wis.: Cor-
vallls, Ore.; Rochester, Nev.; Closter,
N. J.; West Blocton, Ala.; Cushlng,
Okla.; Kennett, Mo.; Beloell, Que.
St. John, N. B.; Fredericton, N. B.,
making a total of eighten charters Issued for the month.
Sixteen of the labor leaders convict
ed of conspiring to Illegally transport
dynamite are out on ball.
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards inserted f<jr $1.00 a Month
B.    C.    FEDERATION'    OF   LABOR—
Meeta in annuel convention in January. Executive omcers, 1913-14: President, Christian Siverts; vice-president*,
J. Kavanagh, J. Ferris, A. Watchman, O.
A. Burnes, J, W. Gray, Jaa. CuthbertBon,
J J. Taylor; aec.-treaa,, V. R, Mldgley,
Box 1044, Vancouver.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meete flrat and third Thursdays.
Executive board: H. C, Benson, president; W. Manson, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, general secretary, Room 210
Labor Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer;
W. Foxcroft, atatisticlen; J, Sully, ser-
geant-at-arms; F. A. Hoover, V, R,
Mldgley, W. R, Trotter, trustees.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LTD.—
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettipiece, John McMillan Murdock McKenzle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free. Managing director, J. R. McVety, Room 211,
ALLIED  PRINTING   TRADES   COUNCIL—Meets 2nd Monday in month.
President, Oeo. Mowat; secretary, F. R,
Fleming, P.O. Box 86.      '
AMALOAMATED   SOCIETY   OF   CAR-
pentera    and    Joiners—Room    249.
Sey. 2908.    Business agent J. A. Key;
offlce hours, 8 to 9 a.m, and 4 to 6 p.m,
lent   committee,
Labor Temple,
Secretary of management committee,
H. McEwen, Room 209, Labor Temple.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wed
nesday in Room 108,
BAKERS' AND CONFEC-
tloners' Local No. 46—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:80 p.m. President, J. Klnnalrd; nor-
respondlng   secretary,   W,
t-i ««*,,-     rri-^wiiuiiiK    b ee *-***. i-try,    w
wSfrtuni   Rogera, Room 220, Labor
Temple;  flnanclal  secretary,  P.  Robin-
BARBERS'   LOCAL,   NO.   180—MEETS
second Thursday, 8:80 p, m.   Presl
dent,    C.    Held;    recording   secretary,
Oeo.   W.   Isaacs;    secretary - business
Srent. C, F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
emple.   Hoars:  11 td 1; 6 to 7 p.m.
Sey. 1771. ■
BARTENDERS' LOCAL NO. 876.—OF-
flce Room 208 Labor Temple. Meeta
flrat and third Sundays of each month
at 2,30 p.m, President, Wm, Laurie;
flnanclal secretary, A. MacDonald.
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OFCARPEN-
ters and Joiners, Local No. 617.—
Meets Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 8
p.m. Preaident, A, Richmond; recording
secretary, Arthur Paine, 806 Labor Tern*
~ile; flnanclal secretary, O. W. Williams,
J05 Labor Temple; treasurer, L. W. D*-
■lel, 606 Labor Temple.   Phone Sey. 1880.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
and Joiners; South Vancouver Nn,
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, Twenty-flrst
and Fraser Ave,, first and third Thursday of each month, 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, J, W.
Dlckieson: recording secretary, Thon.
Lindsay, Box 86, Cedar Cottage; flnanclal secretary, J, A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt. Lindsay; conductor, A. Conahor;
warden, E. Hall.    •
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON
< WORKERS' International Union,
Local 97—Meets second and fourth Frl-
lay, Dabor Temple. 8 p.m. President,
r. A. Seeley; secretary, A, W. Oakley,
733 Semi In Drive, phone Sey. 689,
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Root:;
807. President, James Haslett; corr-du-
.ondlng secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
jjj flnanclal secretary, F. ft. Brown;
business agent W, S. Dagrall, Room
■-.ifc   8«y. 8799.
BOOKBINDERS' LOCAL UNION NO.
106—Meets third Tuesday In every
month, ln Room 206 Labor Temple.
President, F. J. Milne; vice-president B.
Perry; secretary, George Mowat, 616
Dunlevy avenue.
Hen Who Rely on the Spencer
Store for Their Spring Suit
will find every preparation made to give
them the same sterling value for their money
as heretofore. In fact, we have excelled ourselves.
This spring we have found two new factories that have broken into the wholesale
world of clothing in Canada, and the old
adage of "new brooms sweeping clean" is
amply illustrated in the clothing we have
received from them.
PARTICULAR MENTION IS MADE OF
THE NAVY SERGE SUIT AT $15
We honestly believe that it is the best value of its
class offering in the city. The material is soft finished
medium fine twill; the style is smart although quite conservative and the tailoring is flawless. Tou owe it to
yourself to see this clothing.
DAVID SPENCER, LIMITED
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
uid Iron Ship Builders and Hainan
of Amerlcs, Vancouver Lodge No. IM—
Meete flrst and third Mondays, S p.m.
President, F. Barclay, IBS Cordova East;
aeeretary. A. Fraser. 1161 Howe Street.
CIGARMAKERS' LOCAL, NO. It?-.
Meeta flrst Tuesday eaoh month, 8
p.m. President, Oeo. Gerrard; saoretary,
Robert 3. Craig, KurU Cuar Factors:
treaeurer, a W. Johnson. -
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO,
- 21S.—Meets Room SOI, every Monday
8 p.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vlce-
oresldent, Geo. B. Moulton; recording
secretary, A. F. Olbson, Labor Temple;
financial secretary,. Robt. Robinson;
treasurer, Harold T. Johnson; business
agent H. A. Jones, Room 207, Labor
Temple.
AMALOAMATED   SOCIETY   OF  CAR.
penters     and     Joiners,     Victoria
Branch.   Meets every Thursday, 8 p.m.,
Labor Hall, Johnson St., Vlotoria.   Bust.
ness Agent, B, Simmons. Offlce hours.
8 to 9 a.m„ 1:80 to 2:80, 4:80 to 6:80
p.m. Secretary, A. E. Wrench; offlco
hours, 8:80 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 6:80
p.m.; phone 26(8. P. O. Box 770, Victoria. B. C.
, S. O.
COMMERCIAL TjSLEORAPHBRB',
British Columbia Division, C. P, System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:80 a.m.
third Sunday ln month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 482. Vancouver. Local eec-treas., A. T. Oberg,
Boa 422, or.1008 Burrard atreet
ELECTRICAL WORKERS', LOCAL NO.
621 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. i President S. S.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R Salmon;
treasurer and buelneaa agent F. L. Est-
Inghausen. Room 202.   Sey. 2648.
SLABS WORKERS' LOCAL, NO. 40—
Meets s.vond and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. Preeldent J. Fox; vice-
president Wm. Thompson; flnanclal secretary, wm. Worton; aeeretary. A. O.
Hettler, 425 Dufferln atreet. Telephone,
Fairmont 1288.
LONOSHOREMENS' INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 88 I 58—Meete
every Friday evening, 188 Water street
Preaident, .0. J. Kelly; aeeretary, Thoa.
Nixon, 138 Water strsst.
MACHINISTS', NO. 182—MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:15 p.m.
President, Chas. Mattlnaon; recording
secretary. J. Brookes; financial secretary,
J. H. McVety.   Bey. 8660.
MUSICIANS'   MUTUAL   PROTECTIVE
Union, Looal No, 111, A. F. of M.~
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street President, J. Bowyer:
vlce-prealdent, F. English; secretary, C.
P. .Howett; treasurer, W. Fowler.
OPERATIVE PLASTERERS' INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION, No. 81—
Meets first and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. President, 0. Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumpter; financial secretary, D. Scott: treasurer, I. Tyson; business agent E. R. Still. Phone
Sey, 1614. ,
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U.HW.of A.
—Meets every Sunday In District
Office, Vendome Hotel, at 1:10 p.nt
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary.
Nanalmo, B. C.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANGERS' AND
Decorators', Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. Preaident H. Murry; flnanclal secretary, F;' J,. Harris,
1168 Robson St.: recording secretary,
Skene Thompson. Bub P. O. No. 8, Box 8;
business agent W. J. Nagle. '
STONECUTTERS', VANCOUVER
Branch—Meete seoond Tuesday, 8:00*
p.m. President J. Marshall; corresponding aeeretary, Wm. Rofran, Box 1047;
flnanclal secretary. K. McKensle.
STEROTYPERS' AND ELECTROTYP-
ere' Union, No, 88, of Vancouver
and Victoria—Meets second Wednesday
of each month, 4 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, Chas. Bayley; recording aeeretary, Chris Homewood, 249 19th Ave.
'Eaat
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
. Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meeta Labor Temple, aecond an*
fourth Wednesdaya at 2 p.m., and flrat
and third Wednesdaya, 8 p.m. - Preaident,
H. Bchofleldi recording aeerstary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 171, Cltv Heights
P.O.: flnanolal secretary, Fred A. Hoovor.
2409 Clark drive.	
STEAM ENGINEERS, INTERNATION-
al Local 897—Meeta every Wednes-
day, 8 p.m.. Room 201, Labor Temple.
President, F, Blumberg; financial secretary, Wm. Byatt, Boom 216.
TAILORS. JOURNEYMAN TAILORS'
UNION OF AMERICA, Local No. 178
—Meetings held flrat Tuesday In each
month, 8. u.m. Preaident, J. T. Ellsworth; recording and corresponding secretary, W. W. Hooken. P. o. Box 508;
financial secretary, L. Kakely, P. O. Box
ros.
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS'. Local No. 62—Meets first and third
Wednesdaya each month, 8 p.m. President J. Kavanagh: secretary, E. A. E.
Mairrloori. 1769 Eleventh Ave. East.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. 226—
Meets last Sunday each month. 2
p.m. President, A. E. Robb; vice-president. A. H. England: secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
TIOTOBIA, a. O.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meets flrst and third Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson atreet,
at 8 p.m. Preaident A. Watchman, secretary, L. H. Norrls, Labor Hall, Victoria, B.C.
NEW WESTMINSTER TRADES *
Labor Council—Meeta every aecond
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m„ In
Labor Hall. President, R. A. Stoney;
flnanolal secretary, J, B. Chockley; gen- '
eral aeeretary, B. D; Grant P. O. Box
994.   The publlo Is Invited to attend.
PLUMBERS' and 8TEAMF1TTERS' Local 496—Meeta every second and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall,.
7:80 p.m. President, D. Webeter; secretary, A, McLaren, P.O. Box 861, NSW
Westminster, B. C.    .      • .. .■
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-
penters, Local Union No. Ills-.
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Ton-
pie, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street. President M. C Schmendt; saoretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B..C.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL 784—MEETS IN
Labor Temple, New Westminster, corner Seventh street and Royal avenue,
overy second Sunday of each month, at
1:80 p.m. President P.. Paulsen; aeeretary, 8. W. Jameson. Visiting brothers
Invited. '    ■    •
awtssstm va—ma.
K1MBEKLEY MINERS! UNION. NO. 116
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets Sunday evenings, ln Union Hall.
President, E. A. Hlnea: secretary-treaa-
urer, M P| Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
LADYSMITH MINERS' UNION, LOCAL
 No.   2811,  U.  M.  W.  of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 1 p.m. Preaident, Sam Outhrle; secretary, Duncan
McKensle. Ladysm'.th, B. C	
ROSSLAND MINERS' UNION, NO, 88,
Western Federation of Miners—
Meeta every Wednesday evening, ln
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement- Theatre for rent
President, Sam Stevens; secretary, Her-.
bert Varcol, Box 421. Rossland, B. C.
TRAIL MILL AND SMELTERMBN'S
Union, No. 106, W. F. of M.—Meete
every Monday at 7:80 p.m. President
George Caste)!; secretary, Frank Campbell, Box 86, Trail, 8- C.
Socialist Party Directory
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE,
Socialist Party of'Canada, meeta every Sunday, a p.m., Finn Hall, 616 Main
atreet   J. H. Burroughs, aeeretary.
BRITISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
nf Canada, meeta every Sunday, 8 p.m„
Finn Hall, 616 Main street. J. H. Bur-
rougha, secretary.	
LOCAL SANDON, B.C., NO, 36, S. P. OF
C. Meete every Tuesday at 7:80
.j.m. In the Sandon. Miners' Union Hall.
Communlcatlona to be addreased Drawer.
K, Sandon,.B. C. '• .:•
VANCOUVER, LETTISH LOCAL NO.
58, S. P. of c—Hplda Its business
meetings.every flrat-Sunday In the
month, and educational meetings every
third Sunday ln the month In Room
211, Labor Temple.   .
LOCAL NELSON, & P. of C, MEETS
every Friday at 8 p.m., tn Miners'
Hall, Nelson; B. C.   I. A Austin, Secretary.
LOCAL    VANCOUVER    OF      SOCIAL
DEMOCRATIC     PARTY — Meats
for business and propaganda every
Tuesday at 8 p.m. In Dominion Hall, Pender St. Public meetings ln Dominion Theatre, Granville St. Sunday evenings. Secretary, O. L. Charlton, City Market
Main street .
g^lllllfllPlllllttl
AND
Porter
_ . Of America rQ**
______ ____i aauagnui '*<»
Short Lessons in
HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three timet
the amount of light obtained from a carbon lamp
rith the same consumption of current?
Would it not bo advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting?
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter clerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary oarbon lamp. ;
For the convenience of our customers we
oarry a full line of Tungsten lamps of an
approved type in stock .
Carrall srifl
Hastings Street
B.C.ELECTRIG
1188 Granville St.
-.  near Davie
VANCOUVER, I
	 "PP
^■■WPJIPP
FRIDAY*:...,.;.  .APRIL 11, 1818.
THE BBITISH ObliUMBIA PEDBiBATlONIST
AT POPULAR PRICES    "
Every new weave that promises to he acceptable hgg been
placed in stock; here—every design that women of good.
taste would seek. The assortment is -very intensive and
includes many fine values.  These three, for instance:-
Bl-color Bedford, 44 Inches
wide,' $1 per yard. Conies in.
alternate cream and black,,
cream and navy, cream ind
grey, md cream and brown.
Novelty Suiting, 84 Inches
wide, $1.25 per yard. Shown
ln an Indistinct skeleton'
check, on brown, tan, sue
blue, grey or mushroom foundations..'
Orey Serge- Suitings, $1.25 to
$2 per yard. The beat assortment of these popular materials we have ever shoy/n.
Oome In plain weaves, also tn
hair line and chevon stripes.
Values are better, than before.
datban Brjpfclt, Cimttri
- 575 Gramllle Street      Vancouver, ft C.
Campbell's Clothing
For Spring, wnbraoes absolutely every good feature possible—good materials, good workman-  ■
ship, good fit. good style and good patterns.
To Look Is to Buy
COME AND HAVE A LOOK
Clothing Man
_c.mpb.il. i CHAMBERS • "-H":iw
St. But
JAMES STARKMf^g
■: -sTAlIBMW.ST. must    . letwsea Abbott ud Omi.11.
Charming Assembly of New Spring Suits for Women
The most bewitching: styles that ever a spring has Been are here on
dtepUy- Some of them In our window today; Tbe unusual beauty or
these new spring suits la ln a great measure due to the superior quality of
materials, perfect workmanship and colors, which make them the most
attractive suit? we have ever shown, 'Practicability Is the great feature
of these garments.' They are designed ln the newest and most up-to-date
styles; smartly tailored, daintily finished and most becoming to all women,
A Few Distinctive Models Are Briefly Outlined Here
Smart navy tailored suits; of fine
French serge with semi-fitted
coats, notched collars and revers.
The coats are cut with either the
new straight or. cut-away fronts,
with breast pocket and lined with
grey satin. Skirts are ln two-
panel styles, showing new side effects. Price 9M.00 and W0.00
Handsome suit of light grey
Bedford cord. ' The coat is cut on
straight lines with two-button fas-'
teitlng and rounded front, coat collar and black satin revers, three-
button fastening, lined with
grey satin. Neatly cut skirt,
snowing pleats on side gores.
Price , B" -
Dressy tan suit, made of the new
plplln material. The coat shows
cut-away front and fanoy shaped
back, collar and cults, smartly
trimmed with cream and brown
1 Eponge, two-button fastening,
lined with tan messaline, The.
skirt Is made With high waist line
and new wide front   Price f
Fancy black and white Bedford
cord ault The coat has a slightly
cut-away front, fancy shaped collar and blac ksatln revers, three-
button fastening, tailored sleeves
with fancy cuffs, lined with grey
satin. Four-pieced skirts with
panel front and back. Price ~~ "
_i_
Stoves an? Ranges
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleasant headquurtera. for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders'and Contractors' Supplies
W.R.OWEN
2387 MAIN STREET.
' PHONE FAIR. 447,
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
T     642 GRANVILLE STREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
Buy
Your
-.TOBACCOS
b MAGAZINES
at the Labor Temple Cigar Store and Newsstand
"The Smiling Sootohmen on the Job"
Honest end Artistic
Dentistry
The most scientific snd
up-to-date-methods
DR W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
,.   301 DOMINION TRUST BLDG.
'■. . Open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., 7 p.m, to 8 p.ra. . .-
RING   UP   SEYMOUR   8354   FOR   APPOINTMENT
101-A BANK OF OTTAWA BUILDING
602 Hastings Street West
dR.BlfetTANDERSpN-ieh//sil
i<   0/ Operates by the latest, moil scientific and painless methods
Spedslirt in Gown, Bridge, Piste' snd Gold Inlay Work"
*     Hours 9 a.m. to 6 R,rn.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock snd Poultry
,-•! British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of '■■•
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
$1 PER ACRE
.'/! TERMS: Residence on ihe land (or el less!
two yesn; improvements to the extent of $2.50     ...
per acre: payment ol $40 at the end ol two '
years, and the balance ol $160 (i.e. $120) in
'■•*■'  3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
: Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C. .
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
WAGE WORKERS'FORUM
The Editor,   ' '. ■■'•'•
The i'B. C. Federationist." (
So Morgan is dead! '■■•'
At times like this when one ot our
"Captains ot Industry" leaves this
mortal coll, and the papers are lull ot
articles speculating upon the site ot
his wealth, a little thought ot the
"Hows" and "Whys" ot the man's gigantic power seems not out ot place.
To the "Han lu the Street" It Is
not necessary to know just how rich
he was or Just how many Industries,
banks or railroads he controlled; the
knowledge that this one man controll-'
ed millions of money and that thousands of the people's lives were affected at his will Is sufficient to make
him ask "why".
The supporters of "things ss they
are" are' very quick with their answer. They tell us that "He earned
his wealth and power with his great
brain," Just'think, Mr. Editor, "with
his br»ln."
On the face of It this, answer may
seem all right, hut directly the matter
Is looked Into thoroughly,-It Is seen
thst Morgan's brain alone could not
possibly produce or earn the wealth
that he possessed. For although he
could not have acquired his control
without his great brain; lt must be
remembered that without the Labor
(of the People) he could have controlled only that whloh he actually
produced himself (snd that would not
amount to much).
Strictly speaking, labor created all
of Morgan's, wealth. It built his railroads, It built bis banks, It made his
ships; It even dug the gold that it
made into money. Where does the
brain; come In, then? Did Morgan
show labor where to build the railroads? Did he design his banks? Did
he show workers how to make his
ships?
Oh, no. Morgan only worked the
financial end of the business. His Intellect was concentrated upon the
problems of stock manipulation that
when solved gave him control, In fact,
the greatest part Morgan's brain played In the "producing" of his wealth
was figuring out Bchemes of filching
It from actual producers or from capitalists who had already Worked the
"filching" process.
Morgan's power existed on paper, so
to speak, and his money In securities.
But such is the fabric of the modern
business world that by his control ot
the finance of Industry, he controlled
*in masses that worked at that industry, 'i     ■'.,■'.''
We all know that there Is something
wrong In this- state ot affairs. We
know that It is not right for one man
to have such power—and be responsible only to himself. The government
even acknowledges that much—or why
the noise of anti-trust laws? What Is
wrong, then? It seems reasonable to
take it for granted that, since the vast
majority of people would do Just the
same as Morgan .did—under the same
circumstances—It Is the system that
Is wrong; and as long as the workers
remain apathetic to these conditions,
at long as we refuse to combine, and
as long as we are Incompetent to sup-
'«nt cnnltalism by a better and saner
system, Just so long Will lt he possible
tor the few to control the masses and
reap the reward of laoor's work.
Nevertheless, Morgan has fulfilled a
useful purpose. He has shown the
world the economics that oan be
brought about by combination of Industry. He has'made lt easier for the
people to gain control when they get
wise enough to learn how to take lt.
'-      AMBROSE TREE.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:,
We are Informed tbat the Dominion
Parliament has under consideration
the renewel ot the bank charters of the
various 35 bank corporations of Canada, as their charters have lapsed or
about to lapse.
Would it not be tor the public benefit to let all the bank chatters lapse?'
And for. the Dominion Government, on
behalf ot the people of Canada, to take
over the whole of the present banks,
and all banking business of Canada, to
own and operate the same, for the
benefit of the whole people of Canada?
The government taking over all the
present banks, and their staffs, and
paying the various shareholders what
Is due to them on account of all solid
suets, the banking Institution being
operated the same as the Post offices,
in every city throughout the country.
Only under a bank commission, non-
political, the same as the railway commissioners. Public ownership is in the
air. And now is a very opportune time
to make the change.
The 135,000,000 that the government
talks of contributing towards the British navy could be used towards paying
the present shareholders, and funds on
depislt ln the government Post Office
savings banks could be used to help
carry on the banking business.. And
all private individuals, and companies
of Individuals be prohibited from engaging In the bankfbuslness.
"A reduced interest charge could be
adopted both to depositors and borrowers with sure security to depositors
having the guarantees of the whole
state behind them, and the reduced
Interest rate to borrowers would do
away with tbe present embarrassment
which is now experienced by the people.
There is now a financial stringency
thoughout Canada and municipal and
Other work Is suspended for lack ot
money. We are told that B. C. and
the Yukon produced In precious met-
alB, gold, silver and copper, 130,000,000
last year (1912) and the whole of Canada produced'from $100,000,000 to
(160,000,000! Sb lt should be Impossible for there to be any flnanclal
stringency. "*   .
Now on an average labor got one-
fifth, so that if that mass of wealth,
the mines and their products were
owned and operated publicly, and the
gold, silver and copper placed ln the
government treasury, there would he
no such thing as.a financial stringency or bank failures. But we would have
such an abundance of funds as would
enable the people of Canada to buy
out all the utilities tbat are publicly
needed throughout the country.
Then again there would not be
needed 36 banks In each city throughout the country, besides the smaller
branch banks scattered ln outlying
suburbs as now. One central bank
only would, be needed, and the branch
banks In outlying districts as now.
The government-Is well able to
make this change right now, even although they persist ln giving that (35,-
000,000 to the British navy "contrary
to our wishes," And we would hear
the last of flnanclal stringencies and
bank failures,
I would urge everybody who Is a
wage worker, and particularly those
having a Dominion vote, to write their
members and write also to the bank-
and Finance Committee of the
Dominion House to make thlt change
at this time in the Canadian banking
system? for it vitally affects the wage
workers throughout the. country. *-
.'.-.;.'     John I. Staples,
Victoria, B. C.
RECENT NBW8 FROM PORCUPINE
The strike is stilt on and the'struggle Is still on. The judicial authorities
in their** sealous devotion to the mine
owners in order tb crush the strike
have reached the Summit. On March
13th nine strikers were arrested and
charged with assaulting live strikebreakers tram the Holllnger mine.
These nine men were kept In custody
at Tbnmlns until March 28th, when the
trial was to he held.
Now let us see what occurred when
the time tor trial.came and the Interested partial appeared at the "Capitalist" bsr of Justice, and see how that
Justice is administered in Porcupine.
The trial commenced at one o'clock on
March 28th, and what do we hear?
Magistrate Torrence says that the men
are to be tried, hot for asault, which
was the charge placed against them,
but for taking part In an unlawful assembly, Counsel for detente and all
who were present were astonished; the
accusation 'was tor assault and immediately whe ncourt opened the charge
was changed. Counsel for the defense
arose and-protested that he had prepared to defend his clients on the
charge that had been placed-against
them. Protests, however, did not
avail, that wss the way the powers
that be wanted It and that Is the way
lt had to be.
The trial began and the evidence
showed that no crime had been committed by accused men brought before
the curt, bnt showed that Innocent
men were kept weeks ln custody. The
magistrate was forced to acquit the
following: A. Petonett, John Cassldy,
Allx Oauthier and Joe Roberts, A. Hoi-
lowoll was let go by psylng the court
costs. John Skinner, Chris Klpp and
Frank Bowers were held to appear before a Judge and jury ln Sudbury on
April 26th, they would not take any
chance on Magistrate Torrance's Ideas
of justice.
The mine owners demand that some
of the strikers must go to prison snd
that the miners' union must be put to
expense defending lte members ln the
courts, but we feel satisfied tbat the
trials of these men will show that attempts are being made to railroad Innocent men.to prison. It le a crime to
go on strike without giving the masters sufficient notice so that they can
Import scabs and thus not lose any profits. The courts are depended on to
"deliver the goods" for the mine owners.   . '
The three mep to be tried are charged with being members of an unlawful
assembly In a public place, namely, ln
the Bank Saloon, Tlmmlns. Five strike
breakers from the Holllnger mine filled
up on whisky and apparently acting
under Instructions to start a row with
the strikers came into the Bank Saloon. The proprietor of the saloon said
that they appeared to be intoxicated
and even the strike-breakers admitted
that they bad been drinking and were
feeling pretty good. The evidence went
to show that- what occurred was nothing more than an ordinary saloon
brawl and that some of the men held
for trial- took no part ln It, but then
they are strikers and that Is apparently sufficient grounds to condemn them.
The appeal in the Lemleux Act
cases was held before Judge Kehoe on
ularch 26th at Golden City. These are
the.oases against Cleary, Holowatsky
and Croft for Inciting to go on strike
andator going on strike, whom the government was forced to release from
prison by the protest ot the working
class, Magistrate Torrence bad sentenced them to prison for ninety and
sixty days respectively. Judge Kehoe
has taken the cases under advisement
and will give his decision on April 6th.
We earnestly urge all men to stay
away'from the Ontario mining districts
and especially not to come to the Porcupine district, the strike takes in all
of the employees ln the mining Industry ln all the crafts, trades and occupations, If you come Into this district
at the present time looking for work
you will' be aiding the mine owners to
break the strike.
The strikers are determined to win
the battle and are confident of victory,
we ask you to do your duty to preserve what little liberty we have left.'
W. K. R.
election DEPoarra.
i In /lberta every candidate for. the
leglslsture must pat up one hundred
dollars before he.caa run.' Then are
fifty-five members In the local .house.
This* means that every party that runs
a full ticket mutt deposit .15,500 with
the returning officers.
To such parties ss the Liberal and
Tory, backed by the capitalist plunderers, this sum is Insignificant, but
to the Wsge workers, who get a poor
wage, to the tolling farmers who live
on the outposts of clvllsatlon, who
struggle under the weight of a- mortgage, 16,600 Is a big sum.
For Ottawa all candidates must put
up a deposit of 1100 before they csn
run., There are 221 members of the
House ot Commons. A party that
puts a full ticket In the Held must put
up (44,200 with the various returning
officers. To the capitalist parties this
ts nothing. They have multimillionaires who control them and this sum
Is a small Item compared with the
returns ths capitalists will get from
the laws mads to plunder the producing class. The deposit Iniquity practically excludes any party of tbe working class.
In Ontario provincial elections, however, no deposit Is exacted. Any elector can nominate any candidate, and
the nomination fee Is only two dollars,
In the Toronto legislature there are
106 seats, For a party to run a full
ticket only (212 Is needed.* This Is but
little more than the deposit to run one
candidate in a Dominion election.
THE WORKERS' PROGRAM
The modem joint stock company Is
the precursor of the collective ownership of the Iron Tool, says The People.
Take any stock company you 'may
know for example. The shares ln that
company are held Jointly or collectively by different persons. It Is not
necessary that these holders even
know what the company manufactures—all they want to qnow Is whether
It produces dividends, riow or why
is not of Interest to them. They hold
stock in the socially used Iron Tool
plus the human labor power necessary to produce commodities for sale
—not for use. Owning this stock col-
lectibely not one of them can go to
the plant of production and lay hands
on a single tool and say, "this Is
mine." All that the worker has to do
to emancipate himself It to make thlt
joint—collective ownership of the
socially used Iron Tool unanimous,
That Ib, he shall decree at the ballot
box that the private or collective
ownership by the Few shall cease,
and that the collective or Joint ownership of the Tools shall pass into society as a whole. But before he so declares at the ballot box he must have
Ihe industrial organisation behind
that ballot tbat Will assure continuity
of production. He must be so organized that when he gains a majority of
the ballots cast for this proposition
there will be no demoralisation, no
anarchy. Production win prosed
along the usual l.nes, and the Few
will make room for the Many. In
this way the multi-millionaire—the
man or waman who owns the socially
used Iron Tool In large degree—will
disappear, and with thlt disappearance also will go the extreme of the
tbtiltlgillllonalre—the pauper.
Chicago Painters' Strike -
Five thousand union painters, paper,
hangers and decorators are on strike
In Chicago for an lncreaae of 5 cents
an hour and the right to Inspect specifications on Jobs where they are employed, to prevent contractors from
"skimping" work.
Switchman Msyor
Municipal elections In, Iowa towns
recently developed a number of surprises. Ottumwa, with 40,000 Inhabitants, elected Patrick Lenney, a
Bwltchman of the Chicago Milwaukee
and St. Paul Road, as mayor.
St. Thomas trade unionists will Invite the Ontario Labor Educational Association to hold its 1(14 convention
ln that city.
New Vork Building Trades
The schedule of the prevailing rate
of wages in the building trades for
this season, the wage rates given being the union rates, has been made
public by the United Board of Business Agents ot the Building Trades
Unions In New Tork. The unions
Involved represent over sixty
trades, Including helpers, snd:
the rateB given are the wage
schedules agreed on between the
unions and the Association of Employers In the building trades. The eight-
hour workday prevails, the working
hours being from 8 s.m. to 5 p.m., except Saturday, when work ceases at
noon. Compensation for a practical
foreman ranges from 60 cents to (1
a day over the wages of Journeymen,
and the work done on all recognised
legal holidays and Sundays Is scheduled at double time rates. The range
of wages In the schedules run from
(3.75 to (6 per day, and the wages of
helpers from (2.20 to (2.50 per day.
The rates show an lncreaae ln waget
In many inttances over last year!
Wages In Ontario.
I guarantee that ln Ontario the
are more men getting leas than (2 a
day than more than (2 a day." This
was the boast Of Mr. Wegenast, the
representative of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, to Sir William Meredith, who drafted the proposed Workmen's Compensation Act
for Ontario. The C. M. A. sees to it
that the workers get the least possible wage they can live on and do the
work required. The 0. M. A. flnd conditions prosperous tn Ontario. Why
should they not? They have the laws
made ln their favor and they have the
courts, the polioe, and militia, and
hunger on their side to make the
workers work for a beggarls pay. Nice
system for the manufacturers. - And
yet there are wage'workers In Ontario who are so stuplfied and inert
that they yote tor the members chosen
by the manufacturrs and exploiters of
labor and give power to them to keep
the slave system ln operation.
San Francisco Typos
San Francisco Typographical Union
has contributed (100 to the Clarence
Darrow Defence Fund, and Has notified the International that they are
prepared to go the limit In providing
flnanclal assistance for the printers
and their families who reside In the
cities recently devastated by flood, fire
and tornado.
More than 1,000 lives were lost In
the mines of Pennsylvania ln 1912, according to the annual report of the
Department of Mines.
The Pacific Coast Printers' Congress will meet In Seattle during the'
week beginning July 14th.
Sheet Metal Workers Strike
About 85 per cent ot the men working at the Tinners' trade ln San An-
tonio, Texas, are on strike for a minimum wage of (4 per day. The master
tinners have refused to grant.'the Increase or make any settlement until
the men return to work. The best of
feeling exists between the men and
their employers and the matter tinners have gone to work themselves.
The prospectB, however, are that a settlement will be made ln the not distant future.
Police Plasterers
Union plasterers ln Los Angeles
bave complained to the Central, Labor
Council that police officers who were
former members ot the Plasterers'
Union are doing plaster work ln the
city jail and receiving pay for same
while drawing salaries from the Police
department of the City of Los Angeles. A committee Is investigating
and will report findings to Plasterers
Union No. 2.
Alaska Fishermen
The following named have been Installed as the officers of the Alaska
Fishermen's Union for the current
term: Ed. Andersen, treasurer; I. N.
Hylen, .secretary; Charles Petersen,
patrolman; Peter Olsen, agent at Seattle, and H, M. Lorits, agent at Astoria.
Clgarmakers Help Strikers
The Clgarmakers' Union, of Hamilton, Ontario, at Its last meeting, voted a considerable sum of
money to aid the 900 women tobacco
'strippers who are on strike In Porto
Rico. •
810 JOB FOR UNION LABOR.
According to the Cedar Rapids Tribune, the local labor paper, the Building Trades Council, through a committee, has secured a contract with
the American Cereal Company, which
provides for the employment of union
workmen exclusively on the erection
of buildings which are to cost (800,-
000. This rsult was brought about hy
the presentation to the City Council of
the plans now ln vogue ln this elty.
As the result of the conference a
delegation composed u» the mayor
and officials of the unions proceeded
to Chicago for the purpose of laying
the proposition before the president of
the company having the work In contemplation. . The president of the
company accepted the plans proposed
by the union men, and stated that
union shop provisions would be Incorporated In the contracts to be
made. The union men are highly
elated over their success In securing
an agreement for this large amount
of work.
THE  "RE
Hardw;
OF QUALH
Ton will always flnd bi
Cutlery, Mechanics' T<
Ranges.
A few of the real bargaii
Carpenter Aprons, 7-pocket wll
legs  71
Carpenter Aprons, 7-pocket wli
straps ... ' .. 71
6, 7 and 8-ln. Insulated Llnenu
Plyers, reg. values to (2.00, ■
sixes ... ... 71
fi-ln. Combination Plyers, re
60c, for ....'„..^;„._.4I
Wn. Gas Plyers, reg. (te for..4!
a-in. Gas Plyers, reg, tie for..*
(•In. Ball Hangers Plyers,- re.
H
ONIG
5S-MIK1
Phone Si
Hardwar
t] A splendid .stook of I
We make a specialty o
quirement of the artia
McTAGGAR
7 Hastings Street Wei
SHOES
Shooa for Sarvica   .
Shoas for Prase     I
We've picked winners in Hi
of every man who desires
W.J. OR
Patronize 1
BY ASKING  ___%
FOR THIS    ^^Sqg
The Printing Fraternit
Than $1500
mm
_ an econoimeal li
for a dozen Pint
' Q"art8~-delivered
dealer wjli supply
buy a purer, finer
nnd bottles (
British Columb ■jr
——mmmm
tITISH    OOHT1CBIA   FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY......
..APRIL 11, UU.
ICIL PROCEEDINGS AND
CIVIC EMPLOYEES
present-
> council
s.ced the
Lvlng to
of raisers mills
ghterlng
greater
reen   the
to  meet
Bum    ot
:e    bein«
te   of  —t-
io   itaxXty
nent     In
at  whore
last
iwlnK   —t.
or-    very
rpanslon
___y\_    ot
rorvades
ants, the
seem to
ata-ve yst
>n, many
> of con-
reat cltx
e of rld-
broncbo
ole; tout
i     for    tt,
Jed the
e terminated out
a eaat all
»er cent
Bin   to  m-
not ap-
prunlng
ful. Baton Mon-
out    and
ot 9658,-
a expen-
level of
i almost
sua. to toe
all    ttoe
» to toe
>f means
i Is con-
slons aa
li -weete,
»   anil  ttoe
toe pres-
8^265.03,
from 980.540 staked for; Library Board,
*14.1«0 from »49,130; Fire and Police,
0363.563 from $703,198; Park Commissioners, S11.960 from $76,615; Markets
Committee. 9700 from $13,515.55; Water Committee, 940,600 from $449,-
517.26; Electrical Department, $8,640
from $169,742.70; Police Department,
$31,083 from $469,168. Both the Juvenile Detention Home and the Associated
Charities sot off acot free, the former
asking for $12,620 and the Utter, $38,-
830.
Seeing tbat the wealthy dty waa
strictly up against It for money thla
year the council, cutting down the expenditure of lta own departments considered tbat the School Board might
do tbe earns. <
If tbe Truateea could waste money
recklessly last year, it la quite on the
cards tbat tbey ahould he able to cut
down tbelr requirements to the
amount tbey can spend wisely and Intelligently thla year.
But sis none of the members present
at tbe council meeting could Intelligently explain some Items of "extraordinary expenditure," they were asked
to obtain the details, and so consideration of tbe estimates, amounting to
$868,969.21, was adjourned until next
Monday afternoon when the trustees
will be expected to be ln a position to
explain any Item that may be questioned.
It ts hoped that $160,000 to $200,000
may be eblpped oft the aum and if the
council can Jab the knife into the
'vitals ot tbe trustees' flnanolal demands tbey may be expected to do so
and to give tbe said knife a thrust for
good luck.'
First honors have fallen to the Olvlo
Employees' Union ln that organisation's squabble with the olty water-
work's department and board of works,
inasmuch'as the chairman of the Conciliation Board established by the Fed.
eral Minister of Labor under the
"Lemon Act," to inquire Into the
causes of the dispute, has concurred
-with tbe Union's contention that the
city sball not be represented by a coun.
sel or solicitor.
The next sitting of the board will be
on Monday night at eight o'clock and
tbe battle wUl then be on In earnest.
Curiosity Is being freely expressed
among tbe wsge slaves of the city, especially those wbo have to work on the
construction of high buildings, aa to
what is being done with regard to the
appointment of a scaffold Inspector.
The city is now empowered by Its
charter amendments to make this appointment. Presumably this would
came within the province pf the Building Committee or the Board of Worka,
but whichever one lt Is on which the
duty falls to make the recommendation seem a little* modest about taking
any action Is so trivial a matter.
Of course it la a very trivial thing.
Why should those gentlemen who oceu.
py the seats of. the mighty trouble to
recommend the appointment ot a scat-
fold Inspector.
Scaffolds are only used by the slaves
of the wage system anyway, and a
few accidents don't count much, do
they?       /
The city need not care how many
are Injured or killed; Its skirts are
clear, and the employer does not concern himself very greatly. His pocket
la not touched as he has all his Slavs
fully covered by Insurance.
But how many people In Vancouver
know ot the.pressing need of .a seat-
fold Inspector. Not many surely, aad
even those who do know ot It casually
fall to recognise its vast Importance,
Do you know, gentle leader, that If
a working man takes gnat pains to
make perfectly secure ths scaffold oa
which he has to risk his Ufa ln his
dally struggle tor existence, the eon.
tractor has no use for him, and he is
liable to be fired?
Is it not a horrible thing to contemplate that all the contractor wants Is
haste so that he oan get the building
up speedily and get attar another job.
The preparation of a sate scaffold Is to
him so much waste of time. He does
not give a continental how flimsy the
structure Is so long as It Is rushed up.
The city is scared to appoint an Inspector for fear that In cue of fatal
or other accident on a scaffold whieh
has been certified as being secure ths
city will be held liable for damages.
So between the upper and the nether
millstones the men who have to un,
the scaffold are In a sorry plight
Fired If you wish to make your life
and limb reasonably secure, and given
the cold shoulder by those you sent
to represent you on the City Council.
When will the working men ot Vancouver wise themselves up to the fact
that the only way to be properly repre.
sented on the City Counoll Is to nnd
your own men there,
Vou can do lt If you will, but the
trouble Is that although yon talk about
lt very warmly for 864 days In the year
when the real day. comes you get cold
feet and are led Uke lambs to the
slaughter.
You sure are easy; not so assy ss
you used to be, but still easy.
Meanwhile, In lta anxiety to avoid
an increase ln the tax rate for 1818 the
City Counoll Is pursuing Its ruthless
policy of slaughtering the estimates for
the year, with the result that there Is
every likelihood of all progress being
shut off and the elty being nt back a
year.
can toe
irnlshed
Ld-blood-
c Town-
lionalre,
tagaslne
is counts,     every
tT.       The
a hands
tbe ex-
all    the
gathered
of    the
tome	
e   about
>ne   far,
'    is    on-
iched    a
e been
of men
» no far
i Union,
ted pro-
f«al    atu-
anclpat-
chains
r necks.
plucked
» class,
ition. la
»****"-
y closed
aancU-
tae   mul-
icas. has
In. ' mule   opln-
d   black
>f muck-
ade the
irselves
m Ja—raor-
•t paid
tf   these
eve give
:e back
of ne-
xt medl-
»«1 devl-
to
t rules,
om the
ell that
m    there
ot wx-it-
znor toy
annates
and for
-ay Into
le man-
If upon
lbutors.
named
on    the
Calgary.
iclde   as"
carbolic
In hiss
he was
the   Ed-
ght. Jk.
pt of a
lestruc-
xpected
zxalm
News,
"America's Industrial  Hell."
J- great -work has been undertaken
by the American Federation of Labor
ln the steel mills of the American continent. Hard of heart or stubborn of
opinion indeed .must be the man or
woman who wishes the union leaders
aught but success in their efforts to
organise the hundred of thousands ot
miserably padd. and desperately overworked employes of the steel trust,
These men axe from all nations of
the earth.'- It any foselgn-born American feels the slightest tie for fellow
sons of his native land, lt should bind
him to the cause of these milt work-
era. Tbey come to America looking
for freedom. They plunged into an
inferno where they must handle great
loads of white-hot metal, where life
ebbs away like receding surf instead of
tide.
With diabolical cunning, the powerful financiers at the head of the trust
mixed tbe nations, ss at the Tower of
Babel. The employees of the truat
could not understand one another.
They were prevented from forming
those quickly cemented bonds that
are Inevitable among aay people who
are all of one nationality. The steel
w»eiis 'have for yeara been America's
Industrial hell. Conditions and pay
became so bad that even the magnates had to tak* notice and make
public   pretense  of changing them
But It all goes on. Hell, nothing
more nor leas. Twelve hours a day,
seven days a week, at $1.10 a day.
Mere is a whole nation, half a million men, to be set free of their
chains. Godspeed the organisers.
They are the liberators of the oppressed. L<et every one -give them a
good word and stand by to awe the
monster steel magnates Into submitting to terms of humanity.
Value of Organisation.
Tbe greatest power making for Industrial peace la a strong organization
of the workers—a union working for
an Immediate, definite, constructive'
programme, able to make agreements
with employers and responsible for
their enforcement This oft proven
truth has again boon demonstrated1 In
the needle tradea of New Tork City,
which during the paat three years have
been making consistent progress In
establishing collective bargaining, securing better working conditions, higher wages, snd permanent machinery
Dy which grievances and differences
may be adjusted, and greater benefits
may be peacefully and naturally resized, for effectiveness, directness and
good management thia concerted movement of the workers for self-betterment has few parallels.—Samuel
Oompers.
In raising the wages of telephone
girls 90 cents a week to prevent them
from marrying and leaving the service,
the Chicago Telephone Company seems
to appraise a husband at 90 cents a
week. Isn't that a fanoy price for a
Chicago huaband?
The fallow who makes the moat
noise- Is not always the best union
man. Quite frequently the silent member is the one whose clothing and
other purchases will stand the best
Inspection when you are hunting for
the   label.
Price   of   Living  Grace
A. teacher of a Sunday school class
tried to impress upon her young
charges tbe necessity of blessing the
food   before  eating.
"Billy," she aaked of a little fellow
whose father was aa elder ln the
church, "wbat prayer does your father
sajr before you eat your dinner?"
"I   dun   know."
"Well, what did he aay thla morning before breakfast?"
Billy meditated; suddenly he remembered  and beamed.
"He aaid. 'You kids go slow on the
butter, now!     It's 40 cents a pound'."
Ignorance    la    bliss—for' the   wias
guy.
WOMEN'S MINIMUM WA0E.     >
Owing to the publicity which Is being given women wage earners through
the medium of vice commissions,
which are conducting Investigations
along the lines of what Is necessary
per week as expressed ln dollars and
cents to conserve the morality of this
class of workers, ths minimum' wage
for women has become a real'live Issue. /
Our experience, as well n many
others who have given any time or
thought to the relation of wages to
vice, la that this phase of the question ts considerably overdrawn,
It Is undoubtedly true that there are
Isolated cases where the wages received by a girl were totally Inadequate to maintain her as she should be
maintained, and she hu gone wrong,
but this Is true in Instances principally
where a girl has been deprived of
home surroundings, with all that this
Implies.
But In discussing the minimum wage
for women we must be careful lest In
our seal to do something to relieve
an intolerable condition which always
accompanies Insufficient-wages, we do
not Impose conditions by lsw which la
the long run will work to the detriment of those we nek to help, ss well
aa_to society at large.
The grave danger to any class of
workera In legislation of this charactei
la that immediately it is placed upon
the statute books It becomes the maximum, and thus, by this inversion of
the intent of the law, no further progress oan be made exoept by and
through legislation, which, at best, n
far as a matter ot this kind Is concerned, is placing the workers at a disadvantage which should be carefully
considered before It Is too lata.
Of course, we favor a minimum
kind of a wage that Is enforced by
wage tor all workers, but lt Is the
a strong trade union sfter Its members have discussed the matter thoroughly and are familiar with all of its
phases, but we are opposed to the
establishment of this principle by statute for the reuon stated, snd ws
trust tbat the sober sense ot the people will not be misled by the findings
of any commission whloh attempts to
place a monetary value on the moral-
tty of our women workers through tbe
enactment of a statutory minimum
wage law.—The Garment Worker.
•own nuox aooa fob simrn.
•1.00 for le.  apply »wss, xvigktkosse,
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of ths Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Par Year
Miners' Magaslne 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
Ask Yonr BARBER For
LETOURNEAUX
Quality tho Boat
Good and Sellable
WINES
and LIQUORS
Always to be bad at the
Imperial Wine
Company
54 Cohdova Stubbst Wist
Phone Sey, 955
BAT H S
For Ladies and Gentlemen
SOMETHING NEW
IN VANCOUVER
Do you know that Nature will respond to
Nature's, call. A natural formula will in certain.
' cases do what medicine will not. For rheumatics,
,lumbago, la grippe,' colds; in fact, many other com-
mon complaints, too numerous to mention, will find
almost instant relief by having a Bath by our new
system.
On Monday, March 24
Sultan Turkish Baths
Were Opened to the Public
The management feel that they are filling a
long-felt want by inaugurating in Vancouver a custom that is followed in all large oitiea in Canada,
United States and Europe, namely, devoting a certain part of the day to the ladies of this city. The
Baths will be open every day, except Sunday, from
. i. the hours of 10 a.m. to 6 p.m, for use of ladies only.
During those hours none but lady attendants are in
charge of the Baths. - Between the hours of 6 p.m.
and 10 a.m., and all day Sundays, the Baths are open
for men only and in charge of male attendants only.
We have secured the services of expert lady masseuses, and masseurs of wide experience, who will
look after the comfort of our patrons. .   ,-
Not only have we the Sultan Turkish Bath, but
also the Russian system. The dry hot room, one of
the main features of a Turkish Bath, bas accommodation for over forty at once, the largest on the
Pacific Coast. In connection is a steam room, fine
marble rubbing slabs, a plunge 40x20, 6% feet deep,
shower baths, 24 single rooms and a palatial lounging room. The management have gone to considerable expense, with only one objective view, the comfort and welfare of their patrons. We invite the
public, and especially invite the physicians, of Vancouver, to inspect our premises; After having done
so, we feel secure in the belief of their patronage.
Sultan Turkish Baths
Phone 2664       HOLDEN BLK.    16 Hastings St E
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
•    VANCOUVER,  B,  0.
HATS WITH THB
UNION LABEL
X2£5 SPRING suit
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select from
FRED PERRY t*>or Temple TaUor
Const Homei sad Desna* Stntti
TOOLS
For Eveiy Pursose. Largest Stock
in Vancouver
CLOSE PRICES
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
111 Hsstings M. W,
Phones Ssymour 2s27—S8S8
Natty Clothes for Knowing Boys
If you don't brlnt your boy hero for hit clothes you ought to.
We have stylus suitable to every age from the little ohap of two years
to the budding giant of sixteen. The most fastidious boy will flnd something In our stock classy enough to satisfy him.
Our suits for style, make and value can not be excelled In the elty,
of this we are confident. Including as they do ths very nobbiest shapes and
clothes obtainable.
Remember—Whatever else you forget, that our prices aro reasonable
CLUBB _ STEWART
~—..m.—.— m, m*** —~ ■0,r* 0UM««MMI
ses-is Mssfisfs sn. w.
-s-s-us-sr.iea
EAST END CYCLERY
108 Hastings Street East
Agents for
INDIAN
Motorcycles
MASSEY-HARRIS
BICYCLES
Cyoles  for Hire
Expert Repairing
W. H. Morrison, Prop.
Phone Seymour 2704
ON
Ihe Only Shop
in British Col-
umbiausingpa-
Ck stock bear-
g the watermark (label) of
thelnternation-
al Paper-makers Union
Mail Order* Promptly Filled
E. T. KINGSLEY
Phone Seymour 824
LABOR TEMPLE
VAN00UVEB, B, Or

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