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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 28, 1913

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rounoii. DNiTfi
Six months have, passed since the
Canadian Collieries Company, operating on Vanoouver Island, British Columbia, locked out 1600 of our mem-
bore who were employed in their mines
' 'lj_ umberland and Ladysmlth. While
f 'ltbor press of Brltlih Columbia
1 i carried explanatory articles con-
j rnlng this trouble little has, been
5 ritten relating thereto for the United
g line Workers' Journal tnd other hv
£- oor papers throughout the United
- States, end, ts a consequence, t great
'majority ot the-rank and His ot the
miners' union know little or nothing of
the Importance of this contest, the
causes leading up to lt, the difficulties enoountered since Its Inception,
or the Influences that have heen used
to defeat the miners ln this section
of the Pacific Northwest 'who are
struggling for a greater measure of
the things to which they tie entitled,
Vancouver Island la rich with almost
inexhaustible deposits of the finest
quality of bituminous coal yet discovered on the American continent, and
said to be equal to tbe famous Welsh
coal, which Is reputed to be the best
In* the world. These vast and rich deposits of coal-have been monopolised
by a few combinations of capital, the
greater ot which Is our present foe,
She Canadian Collieries Company,
which Is a ramification of the Cane
dlan Northern Railroad and Steamship
Company, a corporation, composed
principally of British capitalists and
Incorporated for $100,000,000.
Much of thla coal Is mined by Chinese and Japanese workmen, tad all
of it Is mined under non-union conditions, and it Is used for coaling vessels plying in the transpacific trade,
but the greater bulk of ft is shipped
through the straits of Georgia and
Juan de Fuca Into the markets ot
British Columbia, Alaska, Mexico, San
Francisco, Portland and Seattle, in
competition with the union-mined coal
ot Washington and Eastern British Columbia. An Idea of the advantage this
coal has In the markets of the Pacific
Coast will be gained'from the.knowledge thtt union-mined coal produced In
the Roslyn-Cle Elum field of Washing
ton, has been entirely excluded from
the local Seattle market because It
cannot be transported over the Cascade mountains and meet the competition of Vancouver Island coal. Again,
Oregon with Portland as Its chief base
of distribution; receives almost sll of
Its coal supply trom the same source.
Coming,- as it does, down the coast
and entering the Columbia River at
Fort Stevens, whence lt reaches Portland and is sold at a price that prohibits competition from the adjoining
State of, Washington, snd. this' notwithstanding there Is an Import duty
.of forty-five cents per ton on sll coal
coming from the'Island Into the United States.
However, thli Is not the worst feature ot t bad condition. There Is another angle to it'that must have the
consideration of the United Mine
Workers of America. Extending along
the Pacific Cbsst ot British Columbia
sit hundred miles, from Vancouver.
Island to Prince Rupert near the Arctic Circle, is one immense bed of high-
grade coal which has been monopolls
ed by practically the same Interests'
thtt operate on Vancouver Island, Already this rich source of supply Is
tapped by many mines in process of
development, so as to be readv tor the
opening of the Panama Canal, which
will undoubtedly in the near future
make thlt territory one' Of the greatest coal producing centers on* the Am-:
ericas continent. It Is anticipated that
with the opening of the canal myriads
of alien workers from European countries will be Induced to enter British
Columbia via Vancouver City and VI"
toria,.the natural ports of entry Into
this new field of labor. Even now tho
large steamship companies have agents
scouring-: Europe, who. are painting
seductive pictures of the possibilities
of this new Eldorado and- offering Inviting transportation rates to all those
who with to enter after the opening of
the canal. That their efforts will result
In multitudes of workers migrating Into British Columbia is not doubted.
Much of this foreign labor will be used
to develop these rich mining properties tnd will create h tremendous tonnage that must find a market. These
mines are located so that the output
can be dumped from the tipple into
ocean-going vessels, and, with the long
haul around the Horn eliminated, can
be freighted without transfer from the
mines to the Atlantic seaboard at a
transportation cost that will allow it to
become a strong.competing factor In
the markets now supplied by the unton
mined coal of the Eastern States. As
(Continued on Page Four.)
Amalgamated Carpenters' Meeting
An aggregate meeting of the members of all the loctl branches of the
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters
aa4 Joiners will be held In the Labor
Temple next Monday evening. Much
31st Among other Important matters
to be considered tre the questions of
raising' the per. capita tax to the
Trade* and Ubor CounoH, and a proposal from the United Brotherhood of
Cartes-ten: to call t conference local-
IT tor the purpose of drafting a-pith
lor amalgamating the two unions.
Maxim Gorky
Maxim Gorky, the famous Russian
Socialist author, has been "pardoned'
by the Csar and- Invited to return to
h|s native land, , Gorky's crime consisted in advocating the transformation of the present Russian despotism
into a Socialist republic. He spurns
the offer of the montrchclti ruling
class and says he will remain tn Italy
to continue his literary work. Gorky
Is now one of the widest read authors
in the world.
Council Gets Commissions.
Seven commissions for placing the
names of citlsens on the voters' lists
have been received by the Trades
Council in response to the request forwarded to the Provincial Government,
Trades snd Ltbor Council Thursday
The next meeting ot the Trades snd
Labor Council will take place ln the
Labor Temple, Thursday, April 3rd.
There tre one Or two matters of more
than usual Importance to come up tor
consideration, and every' delegate
■hould be In his place at 8 p.m. Any
.uplpn man although not. a delegate
will he more than welcome as t vlst-
Workers' Delegate:—What powtr h»w I ben, with thii fellow at my elbow?
Nelson Retell Clerks
The Retail Clerks' Protective Association, Nelson, B. C, Is conducting a
campaign for early closing of stores.
They ask that all stores In Nelson
close at 6 o'clock p.m. on Monday,
Tuesday, Thursday and Friday of each
week, and that they close at noon
every Wednesday all the year round,
and each Saturday evening at 6 p.m.
Railway Mall Clsrks Organize.
An ^organisation of railway mall
clerks has been formed by the mall
clerks of the four Western Provinces.
At present about 300 are enrolled. The
organisation Is eventually to be called
the Canadian Federation of Mail
Clerks. A conference has already been
held tt Moose Jaw*. The local membership meet every first Monday.
Spring Wear
In tweeds and
guaranteed indigo dye,
and guaranteed to retain
their shape. Made with
single breasted sacque
'coat, with three button
front and the Bartlett
patent pocket, which prevent the coat sagging at
the side, and have the popularized seams and double
stitched edges. Trousers
are medium peg-top style,
and have side buckle for
adjusting the waist measure. They represent the
greatest suit value ever offered.   Special for $15.00
The strike ot union electrical workers st the B. C. Telephone Co. Is over
after a seven-day fight, which, has resulted In a complete victory tor the
men. The company has agreed to pay
double time for all overtime tnd work
dons on Sundays snd recognised holidays. Apprentices are to be In the
ratio of one to each four journeymen,
Classification of the various grades of
electrical workers Is also conceded.
Indeed ail the essentials tot which tho
men were fighting have been extracted from the company.
..The light .wee,short, sharp and decisive snd ttsVwtt not by sentiment
or "Justice.ot. demands," of by any
of the half-baked methods which half,
baked people think aro useful ln such
a flght, but as the result of the irresistible fsct that all the electrical
workers were1 memben of the union
and were able, to take whtt they demanded. There does net1 appear to
have been tny particularly bad feeling
between the men and the company
during the struggle, snd thst too Is
not due to any desire on the part of
the company to "behave like gentlemen" but to the fact that they had
enough sense to recognize power when
they ssw lt snd enough tact to climb
Hudson's Bay Stores
The following telegram has been received tt the City Hall from the Ltbor Department, Ottawa:
Ottawa, Ont, March 20,1113-Clty
clerk, Vancouver, B. C. Re Industrial
Disputes Investigation Act, and differ-
ences between Vancouver. City and
certain of Its civic employes, Including waterworks maintenance and construction men, etc., city. Statement In
reply in this matter has been duly received and has had minister's careful
attention. Minister's view la that matters ln dispute are best dealt with by
board of conciliation and appear clear
ly to fall within scope of statute. Mln
later has accordingly established
and haB at recommendation ot employes appointed Mr. George Edward
McCrossan, 539 Pender street, West,
Vancouver, a member of board. Please
recommend on city's behalf name of
penon to be appointed. Statute allowe
five days during which recommendation may be received by minister. Will
appoint Immediately name Is forwarded. If no recommendation Is made
statute requires minister to appoint
without recommendation, but minister's view is thtt you will deem It
wholly In city's Interests to mike appointment without delay. The two
memben thus appointed will, If possible, select chairman, and If no agree-;
ment on this point Is possible, chairman la named by minister. Minister
desires lt should he msde clear to par*
ties concerned In dispute that In establishment of t board as demanded
action ts taken only In conformity
with requirements of statute tnd minister Is no wty passing or desires to
psss on matten ln dispute, the sdjust-
ment of which Is left wholly to board
when same has bsen fully constituted
F. A. Acton, deputy minister of Labor.'*
Mayor Baxter has not yet made tny
recommendation with regard to the
city's representative on the board, although he has tbe matter under consideration,
down as gmcefully as possible. This
1st cletr proof thtt In an Industrial
struggle the only factor wblch count*
Is power, tad the electrical worken
had it They did not waste any time
talking about their "rights," or "a
fair share ot the value of the product
of labor," or "t fair day's pay for a
Mr day's work" or/any of the rest
of the old-hen's cackle which goes to
make up the gospel ot some working
men who'would be more at home is
memben of t sewing class than aB
members of sn organization for Improving the economic status of workmen.: They juit said to themselves
"We believe we have the power tn
win this strike, end It we win all well
and good; It we lose then We still get
whtt't coming to us.": They * mtde
their own "rights" by- the economle
power of their organised forces, tnd
that's tbe only thing which entitles
theto to their victory- It should not
be forgotten that the company also
promises hot to discriminate sgslnst
union men. Considering all things.
that Is real handsome ot them. They
are evidently, "perfect gentlemen"
whose good manners can always be re
lied upon—providing the club Is big
The English "Tlmee" It one of the
meet reactionary tad cotetrvttlve
newspapers la th* world. .In lta col
umns of March 7th appears in article
from one ef it* special corrsspoadeots,
desling with the Industrial Merries
investigation Act of this country, tad
reads as follows:
, Th* Canadian law, on w^ch tht
Botrd of Trade hat reoeatly Msast* a
very. Informing report hy fir Oeorge
Askwith, is of a diffsrtnt ehtrtetar. it
It t modest tnd tentative term of
compulsion. It only tpplla to publlo
utilities, tnd only provides m deity
end public lnvtttlgaUoa of "
before t strike csn be las
.ed. It seems well adapted .„.____
railway disputes sad to sobs others
In the transport trades such u ocoar-
red In Mil and wire aimed at stopping
the food supply; but R would hive hid
no effect on tke coal strike, which wis
preceded by ample delay '
gatlon. If* we have tat
strike it will very likely
lurwtrd and be strongly si
notice, however, thtt the ~
here been Tory thy ef «_,„, , „
opinion about It, tnd t MtM.it/the
nnk tnd file of the trade usloas would
accept IL fur my own pert, having
seen It working—or rather not working
—io Canada. I am tot enamoured of It
Compulsion ln this sphsrt It attended by a serious danger. There It t
far greater evil than industrial disputes, snd thtt li the enactment of
laws which are not enforced. It brings
til law into contempt tnd la s fatal
instrument of national demoralization.
V.'e have treat need lust now to be on
our guard against it and the statutory
prohibition of strikes would te t hazardous step. The enforcement of pen.
tltlee Is always difficult tall the tendency It to drop it. Even tht common
lay penalty for breech of oWtrtct ttt
frequently, been dropped. (Co law eta
force one nun to carry os * business
against bis will, or another to go to
work when he chooses to stop st home.
The recent Northeastern Hallway
strike appears to be predtely the eort
of case which the Canadian law Is intended to meet. But tf the awn were
io excited thst Densities for breach of
contract would not stop them, much
less would penalties for braking the
strike law. 8lr Qeorge Askwith does
not find the value ot the Canadian law
ln ltt compulsory character, but In th*
interposition of delay and deliberation
as aids to conciliation which lt prescribes. But if It Is proposed here, It
will be for the take of the compulsory
element Deity tnd deliberation are
already the rule In thlt country except!
when men tre too excited to observe
them, tnd then compulsion would he
useless. The truth Is thtt wt ire already In i fir superior position. Whit
I stld Just now about Australia tnd
New Zetland appUee alio to Canada.
We already possess t system of detl-
Ing with disputes which prevents more
strikes every; rear than have so much
ss beet threatened -in thete rtattriee !,
In the whole course of thstr esMlaofc^
If it bas tailed reoeatly. the rem sly
lies la Improving tt, notmreeortagft'
the more crate tad siseesatary mesh-.,
ode et oomjuMca nt rsircstlf. Ottt'
et* le cfeeHag a system ot coaeHJatWI i
utter tar law; we tare oat el tttartF
Cenellletlen §§|
By Improving It I mtat UrsMihtR
ing It Intertilly. aot wpperlmt i traV
flolaUy tram without Uk tht eMht-
enoe betweea medical lnntst wtMs
■treagtkata week segue ut emsUsp'
them to to their ewa work tat Mat
meat which tries to do tbsst west ter
them.  The eeesaee at nnaigjolsu It
good will betweea the strike.  	
improvement Uee ia devslepiag Uses.
Wt hive tlready goae t grett wty tat
accomplished ta sstoalshlsg ctaaga
In moot of tbe greet brttchee of tadte-
try employen ind employed sR smtov
bly at the stme botrd aad calmly tie.
oust their difference*. All thieegh Iht
turmoll ot these list two you* eon-
taiaUeo board* hive beet Wtrtsag
quietly tnd successfully ttt over tht
country. Nobody todese tt, bemuse
they mike no not**: It Is th* brsoh
downs: thtt trt noticed;,but thty tie
reietlvely few, whet to ft ssM test
Whatever htppeas, tht system of
mutual arrangement win emtatlly
com* out Improved sad ttrtagthsttt
beotuse it It the only poestbl* cat. tta-
ployen tit employed have lotto work
together; there Is no other way. ta
the impossible oontugeacy of a majority of SootaUtta betag returned to
Parliament at the next eteettot they
could de nothing. They ootid aot tent
a Ministry, because there It no mu
whom til the groups would tooept ■
they got over thtt difficulty, thsp
could only begin by drafting but oter
vbieb they would quarrel ter sseatka
tnd probably never agree. If ther
passed one it would be thrown ttt W
the Lords, sad then they weald be
faced by the constltuOoeal qusattoa.
Teen would go by before a single la-
dustry could he nationalized, tnd meet
time people mutt; live eat things be
carried on. Other proposed ehsagss,
such ss co-partnenhlp, tre more fee*
ble; but they bave tt beet a limited
ippllcitlon tnd would take yeare to
develop even within thott Halts, Botso
chengee will go on, ss th*y tlwtyt
hsve tnd always will, but thty will ht
slow tnd gradual. They muit be, la the
ntture of things. But tht bulk of the
work of the world wilt be carried at
it It It now; and those who carr* It
on must work together la unity.
The further development of toot relations is the problem;' tat lte solution lies In developing mutual understanding tnd good will—the entente
cordiaie—on the lines already Inverted, not In some new ud epeetdtttft
departure. „,   ,
Businsss Agent of Local 213, Eleetri
oil Workers, Who Hsve Won
Their Fight Against ths
B, C. Telephone Co,
City Bend Is Fslr.
At the last meeting of the Trades
and Labor Council the delegates from
the Musicians reported that the Vancouver City Band is now a union band.
Negotiations have been In progress for
some time, having In view the object
which haa now been attained, and the
result haa given much satisfaction to
the local musicians. Mr. Nurnberger,
the conductor of the band, is an old
member of the musicians and Is well-1
known for hie strenuous work ln the back again,
past on behalf ot the profession both! Provincial
In this country and in England. The
musicians' union gains seventeen new
memben as the result of this settlement of their difficulty with the city
band, and incidentally the city will be
ensured competent performers in tbe
band as no one can become a member
of the Musicians' Union unless he flrst
paases an examination by their offlcen
which will prove whether he Is a must-
clan or only thinks he Is.
The strike of the Britannia Mlnen'
Union, W. P. of M., enters soother
week with little prospect of t settlement This week's B. C. Federatlonist contains official corespondence between locsl union officials and the Department of Ltbor, tnd H. H, Stevens,
M.P. for Vincouver, In which the litter expresses surprise thst the company hit refused to abide by the twtrd
recently made by t federal board of
William Davidson, executive botrd
member of the Western 'Federation of
Miners, Is In the olty looking Into the
strike situation tnd consulting the local men as to the beet means of fighting the case. From present appearances It would seem tt If lt would be a
prolonged struggle, tt the men tre determined on fighting to t finish, Men
are continually coming from across the
line, but In meet instances they go
For some time psst, plans and suggestions have been afoot having In
view the organization of the women
who are engaged-ln the various farms
of domestic employment In Brithib
Columbia. These women: tre govern
lady companions, nurse-maids,
housemaids, cooks, and othen, who
work ln the homes of those who Ml*
domestic help. They work all kinds ot
houn for all kinds of wsges ud in
msny esses under conditions which
they sre absolutely unable to alter tt
individuals. So sn effort wit mtde •>'
get together enough of them to discuss the idea of forming t union, tnd
on March 19th about 36 women gathered In the labor Temple tor thit purpose. The result of their deliberation
waa, that they all agreed to start u
organization for the protection ot their
Interests, ud thus tht "Home tnd
Domestic Bmployeet' Union of Brltlih
Columbia" waa started. Lilt Wednesday evening t further number wit enrolled snd It begins to look u though
the girls mesn businsss. When trade
unionism It being considered very few
think of the women who do domestic
work for hire. Tet there ire about
2,000 of them In thlt city, ud from tp-
pearancei t goodly proportlur of them
will toon be In the new union. The
objects of the organization aa tet
fonh tre: A nine hour dty, a minimum wtge, tnd recognition u t body
of industrial worken. All women wbo
Tou are cordially invited ud earnestly requested to attend the meeting
of the Employing tnd Journeymen
Barbers of Vancouver, to be held In
Monday, March 81,1913, tt 1:30 p. m.
In the Ltblr Temple, comer Homer
tnd Dunsmuir streets. Hli Wcnbip
Mayor Baxter will addreu the meeting. C. M. Feider If Los Angeles wtll
speak on matten of vital importance
to the trade, A pleasant evening li
assured to til, Do not miss lt.
Can I get t steak here and catch
the 1 o'clock train?"
"It dependi on your teeth, sir."—
"Does your wife worry you much
tbout money?"
."I don't know; I never give her
Sunday, March 30
Typographical Union, 2.30 p.
m.; Teamsters, 2.30 p.m.
Mondty, March 81
Btrbers,   Amilgtmited   Car
penters;   Street   Rallwaymen's
Executive;   Electrical   Workeri
Ne. 213; Bro. of Carpenters.
Tuesday, April 1
Sign Painters; Clgtrmtkert;
Shlngltra; Tilloti; Amal. Ctr-
penten; Loco. Firemen; Brick-
layers; Organization Committee
T. A L. Council; Longshoremen.
Wednesdty, April 2
Steam Enginetn; Tile Ley
en; Photo Engraven; Amal.
Carpenttrt; Street Rtllwtymen;
Plumbers; Home tnd Domestic
Employees Union.
Thuradsy, April 3
Ship Ctrpenten; Ptlnttn;
Sheet Metal Worktn; Rtllwty
Carmen; Trades ' snd Lsbor
Friday, April 4
Upholsterers; Psttsrn Makers; Culinary Trades; Civic Employees; Molden; Letter Ctr-
woVkfo71h.^X.n7«°Mta5Stalwork for hire in hornet,^Institutions,
Ka'SiW tam ^tTe^e1ornstBVX'"T^
work succeeds, there sre slmost nn-
some strikebreakers whom they sometimes mistake tor union men,
Ltbor te Aid Darrow.
An tppeal tor aid In behalf of Clarence Darrow, Chicago labor attorney,
to again go on trial in connection with
the McNamara cue, hu been tent out
to memben of organised labor by a
committee of Western Federation of
Minen.  The appeal tn part says:
"It was thought tbtt when Cltrence
Darrow wu acquitted by Jury In Los
Angeles less than a year tgo, hit per-
secuton would retire, but t second
charge wu brought against Darrow in
the hope tbat In some manner guilt
might be fastened on the msn whose
defense of labor has earned him the
deathless enmity of the merchants ud
manufacturers associations."
This appeal Is signed by Charles H
Moyer, president ot the Western Federation of Mlnen; John P. White, president of the United Mine Workers of
America; Frank J. Hayes, vice-president United Mine Workers of America; Ernest Mills, secretary-treasurer
Western Federation of Miners; Edwin
Perry, secretary-treasurer United Mine
Worken of America; A. G. Morgan,
president District 22, Wyoming United
Mine Worken of America; James Morgan, secretary District No, 22; John
McLennan, president Colorado State
Federation ef Labor: John R. Law-
son, International executive board,
United Mine Worken; John M.
O'Neall, editor Mlnen' Magstine; E.
. Dolle, secretary-treasurer District
No. 16, Colorado, United Mine Workers
of America, and Adolph Germer, International organiser United Mine Worken of America.
A bill legalising t 44-hour week for
ltbor hu been Introduced In the New
South Wtlet Assembly.
limit** posslbllltlec before the orgstt-
tatlon. ud those who are respontlM*
tor tha Initial steps hope to etttbllah
u offlce ud conduct u employment
tgenoy whereby the girls can deel directly with the women to whom thty
hire. It It further proposed that the
union shall keep on record tbe nature
of every situation In which uy of ttt
memben tre working, or hire worked.
(Continued en page four)
Street Rtllwtymen Orgtnit*
Tht Otlethurg, III, division of street
rtllwtymen wu formerly oompotei
solely of motormen tad conductor*.
During t recent organizing ctmptlgi,
efforts were put forth to secure every
employe of the rood, ud u a reeult
the btrnmen and trackmen, llnssneo,
power-house employee ud the teta-
sten have joined the local union. Tht
raid It now a thoroughly union tie,
every mu employed by the compear
being t member of DIvIiIob 615.
Rtttll Cltrtct at Ticcmi
Intei-natlons! Secretary Conway, of
the Retail Gierke, together with u international organiser of thtt craft,
hive succeeded In establishing a loctl
union in thlt city with over 1(0 mem
ben. The Retail Clerks' organization
Is actively engaged In tbl* portion of
the country In organising and splendid
reeult* tre being ubleved,
There tre timet when lt It difficult
to maintain t due tense of humor,
even In the Ltbor movement
Why not buy Overalls
you can enjoy wearing?
and at the same time use the product of a
strictly Vancouver Union Factory
comply with every requirement ud fill every outdo
workers' need—Ask your detlet (or them
Wm. J. McMasler & Sons, Ltd.
1176 Homer Street Vincouver, B. C. PAGE TWO
PRIDAT „ 1..MARCB 28,1»18,
The Royal Bank
of Canada
*al*-ap Capital
I 11,500,000
tl 00,000,000
wa uiow nr.
nassi o> ms-
posrrs nr qua
Os* Hollas win open
-     Hu aooosat, and your
ttshuss wfll be wtl-   i
eesu be II large «
-rov*t*nn uuuroint nr
Taieoavu, R.O.
•' The Bank of Vanoouver appre-
elates the confidence placed ln It
hy the people, and If Is alwaya
ready and willing to extond every
courtesy snd liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management     '   .
Yew account very cordially
'; seUoiMt.
Vucouver Branoh, Cor. Haiftlngs
and Cambie Sts. „
Broadway West Branch, Cor.
Broadway and Aeh BU.
Oranvllle Bt Branoh, 1146 Gran.
- vffle St
render tt Branoh, Cor. Pender
.   and Carrall Sts.
General Manager.
.,,,  Assistant General Manager.
Ctpitsl At Reserve $11,000,000
That there is nothing so important to you and your
* family, nothing that so olosely
affeots your future welfare
aud happiness u thrift and
laving, They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize ii
for the ufe keeping of your
savings, the seourity of a
Bank that hu been a monument ot finanoial strength
sinoe the year 1855
We receive deposits of >1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 HctiBff St Wtst
bangs ud
See thst this Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
f It studs for til thtt Union
Ltbor Studs for.
With the LABEL on it
■       SEE US	
Cowan & Brookhouse
Ltt** tempi*      Sfira. tey. 44»0
Valours and Felts of all oolors
CAPS and
185 Hastings Stroot E.
Granville Street
Published weekly by The B, C. Federation^, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Counoll and
the B. C. Federation of Ltbor. with
which la afflliated 16.000 organised wage-
Iaaued every Friday morning,
Preaident Jas. Campbell
Vice-President 3. W. Wilkinson
Vice-Prealdent. ...J. MeMlllan
Treasurer. J. H. McVety
Managing-Editor.......B. Parm. Pettipiece
Office!   Boom S10, Labor Temple
Tat lev. SOSft
Subscription:    11.00 per year;  ln Vancouver City, $1.25;   to unions sub-
sorlbliig in a body, 78 cents.
'Pnlty ef Labor; She hep* ot the world."
1U4 paper. If thla number la on It
your subscription expires next laaue.
The Industrial situation In Vancouver at the present time Is one which
even the most conservative—meaning
thereby those with money enough in
the bank to tide over the bad time
consider as very unsatisfactory, To
those who have to depend upon being
able to sell their labor dally In return*
for bread for themselves and their
families, lt is nothing short ot tragedy.
Not since the terrible winter ot 1907-
1908, when the financial panic struck
this continent, have things been so bad
at tbls time of the year as they are
now. Business firms and financial
houses of the "boom" variety are go
Ing Into the Bankruptcy Court, reni
estate offices by the dozen are vacant,
money Is what is termed "tight," and
workmen by the hundreds are looking
tor jobs. This is particularly so ln
the building trade and when the building trade In Vucouver is really slack
lt means more than it might do ln a
city which had other industries of any
size or extent. Take the people out
of this city who are directly or Indirectly dependent for their living
upon the building Industry and a lar»e
hole would be made ln the population. Up to now Vancouver has been
practically dependent on building and
real estate speculation for Its main industries, ud its citizens have made
their living by much the same methods
as taking ln each other's washing. The
city's commercial standing is a big
boom bubble blown up by money from
outside sources. Land sharks have
speculated in land until prices have
soared far above the wealth producing
capacities of the city's Industrial equipment and wealth is not being produced to balance the money Invested in
land. The actual land Itself has no use
unless there Is a population of workers
upon lt who by their labor are producing wealth, which goes to the owners
of the land. The shrewd investor
knows that, but the average workman
either can't see lt, or will not try to.
It Is a curious state ot things to tbe
Individual who hat not sufflclen'.
knowledge of economics to know what
Is the matter. Carpenters, bricklayers
plasterers, plumbers and other mechanics by the hundred are at their
wits' end to know where they are going to get "the next payment" from
on the house and lot which they have
bought on the instalment plan. These
men flnd themselves in the peculiar
position ot being in dsnger of losing
house snd home not because they are
not able to build them and not because
they have not built enough of them,
but, strangely enough, because they
have built too many and the boss says
they must take a lay off for a while.
Shrewd people are asking If another
"panic" Is due. We know from the experience of 1907 thtt it such Is the
esse in the United States, then this
country will be in the same box. because there Is no 49th parallel of latitude between the Industrial condition
of Canada and the United States, The
walk-over which the Democrats were
permitted to have by the money kings
of the States when Wilson was elected
president Is looked upon by some ss
evidence of the fact that uother pule
il due, ud that the whole scheme has
been arranged to discredit the Democratic party, which really needs . no
further condemnation than the fact
that It is the Democratic party. Thin??)
are looking u though the workers h«1
reached the end of the meal, except
for the dessert—which will be lemons.
What a piece of work Is t man! How
sparing In reason! bow Infinite ln false
pretence! ln thought and feeling, how
narrow and prejudiced! In aetlon, how
like a parrot! In apprehension how
like an ass!
We are the slaves of shams—sham
politics, sham religion, sham loyalties,
and sham deals. Our "free" minds
are trained to run In deep-sunk groove
ot servile superstition. Our "free"
limbs are enmeshed In the rank
bindweed of centuries ot crafty make-
believes. The head of the democratic
Samson ia shbrn with scissors whose
twin blades are the Party System:
his eyes are put out with fires of a
false hell; he is chained by bonds of
false Faith and Reverence eternally to
grind the grist of hli enslaver's mills.
Round ud round In a dreary circle
of grime and misery he follows the
carrot of False Promise and calls his
movement "Progress." Kings, lords,
priests, Judges, generals, all the leaders of the world, solemnly usure him
that If he will only continue to go
round and round long enough, he will
ultimately arrive at the goal of his
desire, and so with hungry eyes ceaselessly seeking the chance that Is to
come with loyal service, hypnotised
with humbug, he stumbles on to his
goal ln the pauper's grave.
They tell him that he is free and
Independent, he never shall be a slave,
he rules the land, he makes the laws,
Capital la the servant of his industry,
his Ib the Kingdom; the power, and
the glory.
Meantime his bamboozlers nullify
his votes by faction, translate his legal
rights to wrongs by clasB-prejudlced
courts, Juggle away his earnings by
rent and usury, and smother his
plaints ln Faith and Loyalty.
It is often said by the Ignorant and
the thoughtless: "Why should union
men object to work with non-union
men? If a man does not choose to
Join a union, surely he Is only exercising the liberty ot the subject, and his
union comrades have no right to object to him." But they have every
right that reason and Justice can give
for their objection. Tbe union man Is
making great sacrifice in order to obtain what he considers his rights. The
non-union man Is reaping all ths ad
vantages, without any ot the trouble.
The union man had banded himself
with his fellows against the aggressive greed of the employers of labor
and Is giving both time and money to
the cause he haB at heart. His union
hu to be maintained and kept working b the subscriptions of the members and each of the members gives
his time to the meetings, sometimes
to a great extent by serving on com
mlttees, etc. He is struggling hard,
no matter what lt costs, to secure to
himself, and not only to himself, but
to his fellow-workmen, a Just remuneration for their toil, and, If goaded
by injustices and oppressed with
wrong, he, In agreement with this combination of his fellow-workmen, refuses to work at the terms offered by
his employer, he suffers and starves,
that all may reap the benefit. Non-
unlonits work quietly on, openly accepting all advantages earned by the
Buffering and self-denial of his fellow-
workman, without stretching forth a
hand to help him to obtain them. Unity
Is strength, but that unity in which
strength lies is destroyed hy those who
refuse to Join the union. The efforts
of organization are rendered fruitless, the toll and suffering of the workmen futile, by the meanness and cowardice of the non-unlonfst. All true
union men are prepared to stand by
their union at all times, and when circumstances demud lt they are willing even to quit work, often at a great
sacrifice to themselves ud families.
What must be their feeling when ther
see their families starving because
they do not choose to submit to an
injustice, and then when, ln spite ot
these black sheep, the victory Is Von
at the cost of the unionists—and what
a fearful cost sometimes!—the men
who have been working along all the
time, as well off as ever they were, accept the Improvement in their circumstances with a smiling face and easy
conscience as if they were, for all their
mean ud cowardly conduct, honest
men. The non-unionist is a traitor to
his fellow-workmen, and the betrayer
of the Interest of his class. Can lt be
wondered at that the unionist dislikes
him? Were the world to reflect upon
the matter it Would treat them with
Out of th* Mouths of Bahtt,
A teacher of English, ln order to
disprove the charge that high school
pupils know little- about the really
vital things that are going on around
them, gave a test in which she asked
tor definitions of such terms as "tar-
lift," "reciprocity," and "the .Labor
problem." In the paper of a fifteen-
year-old girl she found this: "The Labor problem Is how to keep the working class happy without paying them
enough to live on."
The Investigation of the legislative
committee of the state of Illinois has
disclosed that 60,000 women ln the
city of Chicago are receiving |r> or less
per week SB employes. It is no wonder that white slavery is rampant,
for such a wage means dishonor o-
death. *•  •
The organized workers of Denmark
are engaged ln a great forward mover
ment. In the coming spring, agreements terminate covering 21,878
workere In twenty-nine unions, ud
higher wages and shorter hours are
being demanded ln almost every cue.
In Norway the Typographical Union have given notice to terminate
their national agreement with the em
ployers, They are asking for an 8-
hour working day, one week's holiday
ln the year, Increased wages, and improved working conditions.
. In Sweden the iron ud metal workers are demanding an Increase of
wages on tbe termination of their
national agreement at the end of the
In Russia the reign of terror continues. To he discovered a member
of the Socialist Party means Imprisonment with hard labor. Six Socialist
newspapers have supplied returns ot
recent prosecutions. In ninety-seven
cases the issues have been confiscated,
tines to the amount of 18,950 roubles
hive* been extracted, ud the editors
have together been sentenced to over
twenty-one years' imprisonment. In
one case the sentence was life-long
deportation; In. another, one year's
'administrative arrest"
The labor haters of Los Angeles
have driven Clarence S. Darrow to the
verge of bankruptcy. He said last
week while discussing the cue: "I
have been alone In this fight—that Is,
trom a flnanclal viewpoint—and It has
Just about cleaned me out, The average person does not comprehend how
expensive court proceedings are, especially a trial that drags on for weeks
and weeks, requiring scores of witnesses and a corps of lawyers. The
savings of a lifetime have gone to
keep a bunch of my persecutors from
throwing dirt on my character,"
The Trades and Labor Council of Toronto has decided to nsk the proviucia!
legislature to refuse a charter lo the
United States Steel Corporation to establish a city near Sandwich, Ontario,
to house the employees of the Immense
plant which they propose to erect
there. The company has already applied for authority to go Into the municipality business and a hill granting
their request has passed its first reading.
The Toronto labor men give as the
reason tor their protest tbat lt such
a' city is established the company's
workers will be no better than slaves.
The point Is well taken. The labor
men know what they are talking
about. The steel company Is striving
to Introduce Into Canada one of the
evils of the-American social system
which organized labor ln the republto
has been fighting for years.
Let the new city of. Pontine—for
that ts the name proposed—be established ln connection with the plant
and the Independence of the employee
ceases. The corporate influence regulates not only the working time but
extends to his home lite. No man,
however thrifty, can buy his own
honie, but must live ln a rented house
all his life or at least so long as he
remains In the employ of his land
lords. The latter have a double hold
on every married man on their pay
roll, and the employee Ib at all times
exposed to the two-fold danger of
losing his Job and his home at the
same time. A notice that his services
are no longer required Is equivalent to
a demand that he give up the cottage
which shelters his family and tf he
voluntarily throws up his position it
means that he must move his effects
out of town within a month.
lt hu been shown time and again
in labor troubles In the United States
that when tbe company owns the
homes of the men on strike that they
can bring them to terms by threaten
Ing to set them and their belongings
out on the.street, a threat that too
often proves effective.
In corporation-owned cities the rest
dents, lt haa been found, have little if
any voice in the civic government
as the municipal officers are nominated by the proprietors and in the form
of an election that follows every man
with a vote is expected to support the
slate upon penalty of losing both his
means of livelihood and hln residence.
Such a thing) as an Independent or a
worklngman's ticket is not to be
thought of.
These evils which tbe steel corpora
tlon are seeking to Introduce Into
Canada to the end that they may hold
their employees ln a condition little
short of servitude are had enough, but
the worst is yet to be enumerated.
The corporation store follows as a
matter of course, an establishment operated by the company and in which
all the population of the city is expected to deal. If they refuse to do
so, if they object to paying prices demanded by the company and Bend outside for their supplies or do business
with uy venturesome trader who may
establish a store outside the corporation limits the same old penalty
threatens them—the loss of Job and
home. Some of the American companies who are owners of cities go so
far as to have printed on their weekly envelopes a notice to the effect
that men In their employ are expect
ed to deal with them, thus keeping
the employees' alleged duty before
It has been left to organized labor
ln Toronto to be the first to wake up
to the danger which threatens their
organization and to lead the way to
sending a protest to the legislature
against the proposed grant of a charter. Labor unions ln other parts of
the province should fall into line and
back up the Toronto Trades Council.
Fortunately for the labor men ln
Ontario they have a representative ln
the legislature who can be depended
upon to push their claim without fear
and handle the case with ability. Allan
Studholme is the man for the task and
hla opportunity to render labor a substantial service has arrived.—St.
Thomas Journal.
the Labor cause heeds speakers.
We have all too few. Many of our
union men fall when.they might be
a power.
Labor, It Is true, has had the greatest exponents the world has ever seen,
but, strangely enough, others have
claimed their revelations and on their
great orations have built up wonder-
ous fabrics and mysterious messages
only partially comprehended by the
common people. The true message,
thus overlaid with mystery and superstition, has both attracted ud repelled the workers of the world.
How to Interpret the message ot
Labor to the laborers, Is at once a gigantic and terrifying task, but its very
danger is attracting the best men and
women of today.
Brooms are being-manufactured by
convict labor in Lethbrldge, Alta.
Capitalism Is the same all over the world. The tactics and methods
utilized by a master class to hold labor in subjection are the! same under
tbe flag of a Republic as they are beneath the banner of a Monarchy. The
following application blank issued by the Holllnger Oold Mines, Limited, of
South Porcupine, Ontario, Canada, shows the drastic methods used to retard
the growth and development of the labor movement.
The application readB as folows:
Name .:....- Age Nationality.	
Position Applied for ;-	
Where have you worked during the past two years? Olve dates ud positions
 Number of Children...
Married or Single?	
Ages of Children?  	
Where are Wife ud Children?	
Are you supporting any other relatives? '.	
Are you a member of the Western Federation of Miners? .,	
Have you ever been a member of the Western Fed. of Miners?	
Have you ever been an official of the Western Fed. of Miners?,	
Have you ever been "on strike"? 	
What is your home town?	
Gives names and addresses of two reputable persons who can vouch for your
fitness for the position applied for	
Have you any chronic sickness or disability?	
Whom to notify In cue of accident	
I certify the above information to be correct.
...Applicant for Work.
The above, application blank Is the typical card of the Mine Owners'
Association, and is used not only by mine operators ln America and Canada,
but employers of labor ln various other Industries,
The Jobless man before seeking employment must secure one of these
application blanks and All out the same, answering all questions satisfactorily
before he Is even permitted to seek employment with any certainty ot success-
In other words, the application blank filled out with all questions answered,
is the license to the slave to seek employment.
In mining districts or Industrial centers, where such a card Is used, tt ts
useless and but a waste of time for any applicant for work to seek employment unless he Is equipped with a card that Ib an Insult to every laboring
man whose blood has not lost Its crimson hue.
The labor movement of the whole continent must be aroused to tho;
necessity of jiving battle to the Infamous card system that demands of an
applicant for work that be shall lay btre to an employer the most Important
events In the history of his life, ere he is permitted to become t slave for
an Industrial tyrant.
Herr Carl Leglen gives the following Interesting table denoting' the
strength and progress of the trade
unionism of the world with the exception ot Australlasla:
1910       1911
Oreat Britain... ...2,440,783   3,010,340
France  977,360   1,029,233
Belgium     138,928       92,785
Holland  143,850     153,689
Denmark  123,864     128,224
Sweden  121,180     116,500
Norway  ,   47,463      63330
Finland    24,928      19,640
..2,698,144   3,061,002
Austria   451,282 486,263
Bosnia-Herzegovina 6,269 6,587
Croatla-Slavonia .... 6,805 8,604
Hungary  86,778 96,180
flervla  7,418 8,887
Roumahta   8,515 6,000
Bulgaria  ' 8,000
Switzerland     93,797 78,119
Italy ;•„  788,688 709,943
Spain   40,984 80,000
U..S. A. ..., 1,710,433 2,282,361
Total  9,905,198 11,435,498
Newsies Organize it Ntw Westminster
The newsboys of New Westminster
gathered tn the Labor Temple last
Sunday to organise a, Newsboys' union.
The meeting wai well attended and
the organization completed.
Among those who assisted ln encouraging and guiding the young Idea
were Mr. R. A. Stoney, orgulzer. for
the A. F. of L. in this districti-Messrs.
D. S. Cameron, J. B. Chockley, Archie
Hogg, A, Rhodes, and two members of
the Electrical Workers' Union, who
brought the welcome news that their
body had generously donated 126 towards the expenses of securing a char
ter for the new union.
Officers of the Newsboys' Union
were elected as follows: President,
Wm. Gracey; vice-president, Carl Stoney; secretary, Jesse Vogel; treasurer,
Charles Garrlck; guide, Henry Cor-
bett; guardian, Roy Cambridge; trustees, George Went:, James Oliver ud
Thomas Gracey; delegates to the
Trades and Labor Council, Geo. Ross
Brooke Hodson and James Garden.
The Initiation fee will be 25 cents
and the dues 10 cents a week. The
regular meetings will be held each Sat
urday night at 7.30.
Steam Fitters Amalgamate
After having seen represented by a
union In Milwaukee for 24 years, the
International Union of Steam Fitters
is no longer represented, owing to the
fact that Union No. 18 of that organisation decided •» amalgamate with
the United Asf>"'ntion of Steam Fitters.
The merging of Union No. 18 meus
that the Milwaukee organisation has
taken the step that the International
body refuses to take which resulted
In Its dismissal from the American
Federation Of Labor at Its convention
nt Rochester, N. Y„ last November.
Will Women Vote <
That women «">«ldn't vote if they
could is one of the, time-worn objections to woman suffrage. It seems
never to have occurred to such objectors thai there Is only one way of
deciding that question, ud that that
way Is to let them vote. Wherever the
experiment has been tried It puts the
objection to the bad. Now comes Portland, Oregon, to give her experience.
Says the Oregon Journal of March 6:
"The registration hooks in this city of
Portland were opened on February 16.
When President Wilson was inaugurated seventeen days afterwards 4,085
voters were inscribed. Of these upwards of 3,677 were women."
"Are you the same man who ate my
mince pie last week?"
"No, mum. I'll never be th' ume
man again!-'
Cards inserted for $1.00 sMonth
Mests In annual convention ln January. Executive ouicers, 1913-14: President, christian Siverts; vice-presidents,
J. Kavanagh, J. Ferris, A. Watchman, G.
A. Burnes, J. W. Oray, Jas. Cuthbertson,
J J. Taylor; sec-treas,, V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1044, Vancouver.
_ Meets first and third Thursdays.
Executive board: H. c. Benson, president; W. Manson, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, general aeeretary. Room 210
Labor Temple; Jaa. Campbell, treasurer;
W. Foxcroft, statistician: J. Sully, oer-
geant-at*rms; F. A. Hoover, V. n
Mldgley, W. R. Trotter, trustees.
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J, H.
MoVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
pettlplece. John MeMlllan Murdoch McKensle. Managing dlreetor, J. H. Mc-
Vet)-, Room 211.   Sey. MM.
ALLIED PRINTING   TRADES   COUNCIL—Meeta 2nd Monday In month.
President Gee. Mowat; secretary, F. R.
Fleming, P.O. Box 00.
pentera    and   Joiners—Room   209.
Sev. 2908.   Business agent J. A. Key;
offlce hours, I to I a.m. and 4 to I p.r
saoretary   of   management   commlft
H. McEwen, Room lot, Labor Tempi..
Branches meet every Tuesday and wed.
nesday In Room IQit.
Honors' Local No. 41—
Meets aecond and fourth
Saturday,., 7:>0 p.m. free-
,. _   ldent,   J.   Klnnaird;   nor-
SDL *" responding secretary, W.
i Rogers, Room 220, Labor
nanclal  secretary,  P,  Robln-
seoond Thursday, 1:80 p. m. Preal
dent, C. Held; recording secretary,
Oeo. W. Isaaos; secretary - businsss
agent C. F. Burkhart Room 108, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; I to 7 p.
Sey. 1T7*.
floe Room 208 Labor Temple, Meets
first and third Sunday* of eaoh month
at .2.20 p.m. President, Wm. Laurie;
flnanolal secretary, A. MacDonald.
ters and Joiners, Local No. 117,.—
Meets Monday of each week, I p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 8
p.m. President, A. Richmond; recording
secretary, Arthur Paine, SO! Labor Tem-
lle; flnanolal secretary, O. W. Williams,
JOS Lahor Temple; treasurer, L. W. De-
slel, 80S Labor Temple.  Phone gey. 1180.
tot Joiners. South Vancouver No,
1208—Meets Ashe's hall. Twenty-Ant
and Fraaer Ave,, first and third Thursday of each month, 8 p.m. President
W. J. Robertson! vice-president, J. W.
Dlckieson; recording secretary, Thos,
Llndaay, Box Jl, Cedar Cottage; flnanclal secretary, J, A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt Lindsay;, conductor, A, Conahor;
warden, E. Hall. <
WORKERS' International Union,
Local 17—Meets seoond and fourth Frl.
flay, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President
S. A. Beeley; secretary, A, W, Oakley,
788 Semlln Drive, phone Sey. 188.
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
807. President, James Haslett; corresponding secretary, ~, 8. Dagnall, Box
jj; financial secretary, F. ft. Brown;
business atsnt W.,8. Dagfiil, Room
816.   B.y. Sl»S.  ■
10S—Meets third Tuesday In every
month, In Room 20S Labor Temple,
Preaident, F, J. Milne; vice-president, H.
Perry; secretary, Oeorge Mowat, SIS
Dunlevy avenue.
Presldsnt F, Barclay, III „...._ .
sseratary, A. Fraser, 1181 Hows Stmt
Men Who Rely on the Spencer
Store for Their Spring Suit
will find every preparation made to give
them the same sterling value for their money
as heretofore. In fact, we have excelled our-
This spring we have found two new factories that have broken into the wholesale
world of clothing in Canada, and the old
adage of "new brooms sweeping clean" is
amply illustrated in the clothing we have
received from them.
We honestly believe that it is the best value of its
class offering in the city.   The material is soft finished
medium line twill; the style is smart although quite coin-
, servative snd the tailoring is flawless.   Tou owe it to
yourself to see this clothing.
0W-iBMA,£BmL LOCAL,   NO.  St7~
S   Meats flrat Tuesday each month, I
"t—PVft"^ °t9- Oerrard; secretary,
obert J. Craig, KurU Uuar Factor) ;
treasurer, s. W. Jotomon. *«*««».
218.—Meeta Room 801, every Monday
8 p.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vice-
oresldent, Oeo. B. Moulton; recording*
secretary, A. F. Gibson, Labor Tertple;
financial secretory, Robt Robinson;
treasurer Harold T. Johnson: business
agent H. A. Jones, Room 807, Labor
ness Agent H. J. Sheen.    Office hours,
8 to 0 a.m., 1:30 to 2:30, 4:30 to 1:10
E.m. Secretary, A. E. Wrench; offlce
ours, 8:30 a;m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 6:80,
p.m.; phone 2668. P. O. Box 770, Vlotoria, B. C.
ww watmnrsziia. a. o.
BrltlBh Columbia Division, C. P. Sys.
Sffu SlvL"lon, No- 1—Meets 10:10 aim.
third Sunday In month, Room 304. Local
chairman, J. F, Campbell, Box 482, Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. .T, Oberg,
Box 418, or 1003 Burrard atreet
* 831 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 20S I p.m. Preaident s. 8.
Dull; recording aecreury, L, R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent F. L. Eat-
Innhauaen. Room 302.   Sey. 8348.
Meets second aud fourth Tuesdays
of each, month; President, J. Fox; vice-
president Wm. Thompson; flnanclal aeeretary, Wm. Worton; secretary, A. O.
Kettler, 426 Dulferln street. Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 52—Meeta
_._-y Friday evening, 138 Water street
Preaident, O. J. Kelly; aecretacy, Thos.
Nixon. 188 Water street
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:15 p.m.
President Chas. Mattlnaon; recording
aeeretary. J. Brookes; flnanclal secretary,
J. H. McVety.   Sey. 1880.
Union, Looal No. 146, A. F. of M.—
Meets aecond Sunday of each month, 840
Robson street President J. Bowyer;
vice-president F. English; secretary, C.
P. Howett;. treasurer. W. Fowler.
Meeta flrat and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. Preaident, O. Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumpter; flnanclal secretary, D. Scott: treasurer, I. Tyson; business agent, E, R. Still. Phone
Sey: 1614.
Decorators', Looal 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. President H. Murry: flnanclal secretary, F. J. Harris,
1888 Robson St; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 8;
business agent, W, J. Nagle.
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, 8:00
p.m. Preaident, J. Marshall; corresponding aeeretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
flnanclal secretary, K. McKensle.
era' Union, No, 88, of Vancouver
and Victoria—Meets second Wednesday
of each month, 4 p.m.. Labor Temple.
President, Chas. Bayley; recording secretary, Chris Homewood, 249 18th Ave.
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meeta Labor Temple,, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2 p.m., and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Schdfleld; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178, Cltv Heights
P.O.; flnanclal secretary, Fred A. Hoover.
2409 Clark drive.
al Local 897—Meets every Wednetday, 8 p.m.. Room 201, Labor Temple.
President F. Blumberg; flnanclal secre-
tary, Wm. Byatt Room 816.    	
—Meetings held flrat Tuesday In each
month, 8. u.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; recording and corresponding secretary, W. W. Hooken. P. O. Box 60S;
financial secretary, L. Kakely, P. O. Box
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No. 68—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President, J. Kavanagh: secretary, E. A. E
Morrison, 1769 Eleventh Ave. East.
Meets laat Sunday each month,  2
S.m.   President, A. E. Rohb; vlce-preal-
ent. A. H. England; secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 86.
Council—Meets flrst and third, Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson 'atreet,
at 8 p.m. President A. Watchman, secretary, L. H. Norrls, Labor Hall, Victoria, B.C.
penters     and     Joiners,     Victoria
Branch.   Meets every Thursday, 8 p.m.,
Labor Hall, Johnson St, Victoria.  Bual-
Labor Council—Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., th
Labor Halt President, R. A. stoney;
flnanolal secretary, J. B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D. Grant P. O. Bi
934.   The public Is Invited to attend.
PLUMUKnS' end STEAMFITTER8' Local 4yti—Meets every seoond and
fourth Friday of mouth In Labor Halt,
7:30 p.m. President, D. Webster; secretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 966, Ntw
Westminster, B. 0.
penters, Local Union No. 1181—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street. President, M, C. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B. C. ■
Labor Temple, New Westminster, corner Seventh street and Royal avenue,
every aecond Sunday of each month, at
1:30 p.m. President, P. Paulsen; secretary, 8. W. Jameson. Visiting brothers
invited. ■
MiHiar oanoaa. ,
Western Federation of Miners -
Meets Sunday evenings, in Union Hail.
President E. A. Hlnes: seoretary-treae-
urer, M P| Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
No. 2888, U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. President, Bam Outhrle:- Secretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladyam'.th, D. C. ,
—Meets every Sunday In District
Office, Vendome Hotel, at 7:30 p.m..
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary;,
Nanalmo, B, C.
Western FederaUon of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday e»enlng, I"
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent.
President, Bam Stevens: secretary, Her-
bert Varcol, Box 481. Rossland, D. C.
Union, No. 106, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:30 p.m. President.
George Caatell: secretary, Frank Campbell, Box 26, Trail, B. O.
Socialiit Party Directory
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every Sunday, 3 p.m., Finn Hall, 611 Main
street.   J. H. Burroughs, aeeretary.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets every Sunday, 8 p.m,
Finn Hall, 616 Main street. J. H. Bur-
roughs, secretary.	
LOCA r, SANDON, B.C., NO. 38, 8. P. OF
C. -Meets every Tuesday at 7-.M
p.m. In the Sandon Miners' Union HaU.
communications to be addressed Drawer
K, Sandon, B. C.	
68, 8. P. ef c—Holds Its business
meetings every flrst Sunday In the
month, and educational meetings every
third Sunday ln the month ln Room
211, Labor Temple.
S. P. Of c—Meet flrst and third Sunday of the month in Socialist Hall. Secretary, J. N. Hlntsn, Gibson's Heights,.
every Friday- at 8 p.m., In Miners'*
Hall, Nelson, B. c.   I. A. Austin, Secretary.
for business and propaganda every
Thursday at 8 p.m. in Labor Temple.
Public meetings in Dominion Theatre,
Granville street, Sunday evenings. Secretary, O. L. Charlton, City Market
Main street
tK>) Of America  rG-f
_____ ___ _________m not i
Short Lessons in
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three times
- the amount of light obtained from a oarbon lamp
with the same consumption of current? '
. Would it not bo advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting?
■ After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp oounter clerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary carbon lamp.
For the convenience of our customers we
oarry a full line of Tungsten lampB of an    ,
approved type in stock ..     ,
Csrrsll tnd
Hsstings Street
1133 Granville St.
near Davie
?iL: FRIDAY...
...MARCH 28,1913
New Spring Suitings
. Every new weave that promises to be acceptable has been ■
placed in stock here—every design that women of good
taste, would seek.   The assortment is very extensive and  *
includes many fine values. These three, for instance i—
Bl-color Bedford, 44 inches
wide, tl per yard. Comes in
alternate cream and black,
cream and navy, cream and
grey, and cream and brown.
Novelty Suiting, 54 Inches
wide, 11.25 per yard,' Shown
In an Indistinct skeleton
check, on brown, ten, ssxe
blue, grey or mushroom foundations.    s
Orey Serge Suitings; 11.26 to
$2 per yard. The best assortment ot these popular materials we have ever shown,
Come ln plain weaves, also ln
hair line and ehevon stripes.
Values are better than before.
(fctrison IrpimU, Uunttri.
575 Gramllle Street       Vancouver, B. C.
Campbell's Clothing
For Spring, embraces absolutely every good feature possible—good materials, good workmanship, good lit. good style and'good patterns;
To Look Is to Buy
■etwee* Abbott ant csiatU.
New Spring Suits for Women
theae new up
materials, pe
attractive ruIu
of these gar me „
styles; rimartly I
A Few Dis
that ever a spring had seen are here on
.day.    The unusual beauty of
measure due to the superior qualify of
colors, which make them the most
Practicability Is the great feature .
 ;ne*l In the newest and moat up-to-date
ily finished and most becoming to all women.
Models Are Briefly Outlined Here
Smart navy tailored suits, of fine
French serge with semi-fltted
coats, notched collars and revers.
Tbe coats are cut with either the
new straight or cut-away fronts,
with breast pocket and lined with
grey satin,- Skirts are ln two-
panel styles, showing new Bide effects. Price ttB.QO and $30.00
Handsome suit of light, grey
Bedford cord. The coat la cut on
straight lines with two-button fastening and rounded front, coat collar and black satin revers, threo-
button     fastening,    lined    with
Key   satin.     Neatly   cut   skirt,
owing   pleats   on   aide   gores.
Price  IM.OO
Dressy tan suit, made of the new
ptplin material. The coat shows
cut-away front and fancy shaped
back, collar and cuffs, smartly
trimmed with cream and brown
Kponge, two-button fastening,
lined with tan messallne. The
skirt Is made with high waist line
and new wide front.   Price $40,00
• Fancy black and white Bedford
cord suit. The coat has a. slightly
cut-away front, fancy shaped collar and blac ksatln revers, three-
button fastening, tailored sleeves
with fancy cults, lined with grey
satin. Four-pieced skirts with
panel front and back. Price
Stoves MP Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' nnd Contraotors' Supplies
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
at the Labor Temple Cigar Store and Newsstand
"The Smiling Scotohmen on the Job"        -
Honest snd Artistic The most scientific and
Dentistry; ■'„■ up-to-date-methods
dr. w. j. Curry
'■>■     DENTIST
Open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
602 Hastings Street West
<J Operates by die latest, moil scientific and painless methods
Specialist in Crown, Bridge, Plate and Geld Inlay Work
Hours 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying.. * ".
Stock and Poultry    - . "* -'
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land (or at least
two yeanj improvements to the extent of $2.50 -
. per acre; payment ot $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance o( $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
Sullivan & Consldlne are "always
there with Quality," the new slogan
now going the rounds ot. the circuit,
Is one ot the most appropriate of re
oent Invention and seems destined to
become Identified with all ot the theaters along the circuit. In tact it has.
become just as much so aa "where
everybody goes."
As the ..headline attraction tor the
week ot March 31st, "My Lady's
Fans" will be much ta evidence. Thla
act Is said to represent life-like figures
of the works Ot the famous Paris artist Julian Dove. Six girls, chosen*
for their beauty ot face and figure
were selected by Mr, Dove to pose In
his spectacular exhibition of his
works. Some of the most marvelous
creations are said to be shown snd
make a most novel snd charming offering.
For the comedy end of the prolamine, James F. Fulton, a well
mown Pacific Coast defender and former newspaperman, together with
Mettle Choate, will present that laughable creation of Oeo. Ades,' "The
Mayor and the Manicure." Mr. Fulton played for several years ln stock
lh the old People's Theatre and Is welt
known locally,
A year ago there appeared at the old
Orpheum two girls billed as Black ft
White. They are .acrobats and' are
very pretty and agile ones. They
were the most successful team -that
has .ever played the circuit, hence
their return engagement.
Another delightful bit of character
work will be that of Alfred Kelcy, who
will present "Dlvll a Lie." He Is s
character artist par excellence and
will offer something that will amuse
In character songs, dances and
piano playing that fairly teems with
youthful exuberance, .the Misses Ar-
nette, Mary and Evelyn Creighton.
They are as pretty and as talented as
they can. be and will doubtless make
a great Impression.
The Taubert Sisters and Brother
Paul are making their flrst American
appearance via the, Sullivan ft Const-
dine circuit, and will- offer a refined
musical act. New twilight pictures and
orchestral selections will complete a
bill that looks on paper to be a record
Organiser Heatherton Is Commissioned
The Federatlonallst Is In receipt ot
a report from George Heatherton, or-
pganizer for the Shingle Weavers, Sawmill Workers and Woodsmen, to the
effect that he was duly commissioned
by tbe American Federation of Labor
on March 1st. After consultation with
President Brown of the Shingle Weavers it was decided to commence the
work In the State of Washington with
a view to strengthening the locals already established there, and to come
to British Columbia a little later on
when the season has opened up. There
ts every reason to think that before
long there will be a large industrial
union of the men working in the various occupations of the lumber Industry on the Pacific Coast. The conditions of camp life are wretched and
among the chief abuses are the following:
The employment agent graft, which
results In the "three-crew" method-
one crew going to the plant, another
crew at work, and still another leaving
the plant. "»
The hospltsl scheme, which takes
trom every worker money, for hospital
service, which he seldom receives.
The long work day, at present ranging between 10 and 12 1-2 hours.
The company store, which eats up
the wages of the workers faster than
they are earned. The workers want the
right to buy where they choose to buy,
The usual disregard of safety appliances lc plants. In Isolated districts
human lite Ib considered the cheapest
element ln the industry.
The paycheck method of "standing
off" workers. In some places paychecks
vayable months In advance are issued,
The discount Is a heavy Iobs to the
The utter lack of social advantages,
in most camps the workera are kept
trom close affiliation by lack of meet
Ing place or by confusion of tongues,
The lack of observance ot one day'*
res't In seven.
Unsanitary conditions in most damps
—where typhoid fever claims many
workerB every summer.
- Gompers and Ironworkers
Sam Gompers, president ot the American Federation of Labor, was present at the opening of the. recent con
vention of the Bridge and Structural
Ironworkers and addressed the convention, saying, among other things,
with regard to the dynamite charges:
"I am not In position to constitute
myself the censor of their judges, or of
men, nor am I in position to say that
these men are Innocent, and I am not
going to say that they are guilty; but
there is one thing which was evident
to every fair-minded observer, end
that is that the entire case was conducted with a prejudice and hitter
partiality against the men, that It
raises the question of an honest doubt
In the minds of honest men, and lt
was my pleasure, as I felt It was my
duty, when the opportune moment
came to appear before the Judiciary
Committee of the United States, to
set forth my views as to who was
responsible after all."
Printers st Spokane
In an effort to satisfactorily substantiate its claim that a large amount ot
printing is being shipped Into this city
by local business concerns and individuals, the Allied Printing Trade
Council has begun a collection of printed matter that has been procured ln
other cities and towns. The Allied
Printing Trades Council has Issued a
report on the printing industry showing that 1,360 employes are employed
by printing concerns and 4,671 people
are dependent upon these employes for
support; that $1,645,714 Ib Invested ln
homes by the employes; that $2,608,-
717.80 is Invested in the Spokane printing Industry; that $1,599,861.04 was
paid in salaries during 1912 to printing employes and that the actual volume of business Is $4,248,800.
Trades Counoll Wsnts Report,
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council will ask the Department of Labor
at Ottawa for copies of the reports
made by its local representative J. D.
McNIven, covering conditions In the
railway camps of the interior. -This
beoause a motion of censure was proposed at last meeting, based on dally
press reports.
. Carpenters in Alberta.
At a joint meeting of the representatives of the Carpenters unions of Alberta, it was declded.to recommend to
the respective locals an affiliation with
the Alberta Federation of Labor. The
union scale of 56 cents per hour, now
In force at Calgary, will probably be
made the basis for a general provincial carpenters' wage.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:
Sir,—A few days ago, two hundred
of the club women of Vancouver stood
at the street corners selling a special
women's edition of one of the dally
newspapers In order to raise funds to
erect a building which would enable
them, by cooperation In one form or
another, to further the different Inter
ests, outside the home, with which
they were concerned. They were filled
with enthusiasm at what they appear
ed to think was their own original
Idea, namely the awakening of woman
to ths power of combination.
On the same day, a number of other
women who gain their livelihood by
working ln various home and domestic
employments, met for the purpose of
forming themselves Into a union. They
accomplished their purpose, and today
British Columbia has the distinction of
possessing whst bids fair to be one of
the most Important organisations ot
woman ever formed, nsmely the
Home and Domestic . Employees'
Unlike the club women, who seek a
broader arena than that afforded by
the tour walls of the home, these women believe tbat the home has a greater Influence on the nation than tho
nation has on the home, and pledge
themselves as members of the union
to do all In their power to dignify the
lahor pertaining to the home.
Today, women employed in home
and domestic labor are In a peculiarly
unsatisfactory position. They Have unlimited hours of employment. It Is Infinitely more common than uncommon
for them to work fourteen hours a
day, and even when they are not actually working, they ere more or less
entirely at the disposal Of their employer. Their wages are by no means
compensatory. They have to deal with
women who, In the majority of cases,
have not much Idea of the value of
labor, but who apparently have an exaggerated Idea of the value of money.
In. addition, their social position is a
relic of feudalism, and Is not In keep
Ing with modern lines ot thought '
By the power of combination, however, they Intend to accomplish three
things, namely, a nine-hour day, a
minimum wage, recognition as a body
of industrial workera. '
For a long time they had hoped
that women with more time at their
disposal would do something to improve then* condition; that they Would
realize the degradation of a. system
which bartered for practically the ownership of an Individual. But they hoped in vain. The Inevitable result followed. They started out to see what
they could do for themselves, and today they have their banner firmly
planted On the rock of Unionism.
They are women of various creeds,
belonging to different stations in life,
but they have one thing in common
which they have pledged themselves
to see through, that Is their proper
recognition ln the Industrial World.
No union was ever more necessary,
and no Union ever had greater possl
bllities. For the next three months, sll
their energy will be devoted to getting
new members. The union will Include
not only women employed In domestic
work, but women employed as governesses, nursemaids, companions, lady-
helps, etc. During this period, meet>
ings will be held both for the purpose
of propaganda and education. It Is expected that by that time their membership will justify'their taking definite action, that is, either appealing to
the legislature or to their employers.
The union Intends to have Its own
club house, and surely the women of*
BrltlBh Columbia who believe so much
in club life as a necessary -stage In
their social and mental development
will at any rate welcome this Idea. I
venture to say that no body of women ever needed a club more These
women who add so much to the material comfort of the home are Infinitely more homeless than eveu the much
discussed business girl living alone In
a bedroom. They Intend the club not
only to be a beautiful place, but a
useful place.
Never before, I believe, ln the his
tory of unionism, have women employees thrown down the gauntlet to
*omen employers. For Its part, the
union has no fear but what it Its
requests are complied with the problem ot the home will be solved. Domestic employment will be sought
after by women who will thoroughly
realise that their part of the contract,
namely competent and conscientious
work, must be fulfilled.
Coming Conventions.
The following conventions of international unions are scheduled for
May 1, Chicago, III., SaWamlths' Na
tlonal unton.  '
Majt 1, New York, N. Y„ United
Cloth Hat and Cap Makers of North
May 6 Pittsburg, Pa., Tin Plate
Workers' International Protective asso
elation of America.
May 6, Fort Wayne, Ind., Amalgamated association of Iron, Steel and
Tin Workers of North America.
May 12, Toronto, Can., American
Federation of Musicians.
May 12, Baltimore, Md., Order of
Railroad Telegraphers.
May 19 Houston, Texas, Switchmen's
union of North America.
May 29-30, New York, N. Y„ Steel
Plate Transferrers' association of
Eight Hours for Miners In Ontario.
The 'Ontario Government has
brought down Ub eight-hour day bill,
dealing with the employment of miners, which applies to all the mines in
the province with shifts of more than
six men and makes exceptions only in
special cases, following closely the recommendations ot Mr, Samuel Price,
the special commissioner appointed
after the close of last session to investigate the Bubject of underground employment.
The measure declares that no workman—and by wo'jkman is meant any
person employed underground ln a
mine, who is not tbe owner, agent or
an official—shall remain tn any mine
for a longer perior than eight hours In
any consecutive 24 hours. ■
The.elght hours may, If the employer obtains a certificate that the means
and methods In use at the mine of get-
Ing to and from the place of work are
proper and satisfactory, be reckoned
from the time of arriving at such
place of work until the time of leaving
the surface until reaching It again.'
Winnipeg structural ironworkers
will ask an increasing rate for a nine-
hour day dating from June 1. The
present rate Is $4.60 and the new scaio
is set at $6.
After ail the worry and turmoil ot
the January elections, when money
bylaws for over $5,000,000 were submitted to the electors for their air
proval.lt hu been deemed necessary
to adopt measures to charm the dollars or pounds ont of the pockets of.
the Investors by dangling the bait of
an additional one-halt percent before
their eyee.
Bonds, especially dvlo bonds, seem
to be a drag on the British market
There Is no demand for them, snd so
you would notice it In spite of the allurement of 4 per cent- whloh, to tbe
Britisher at home, Is not at sll a had
(ate of Interest so It has been found
expedient' If not absolutely necesssry,
to offer 4 1-2 per cent and notice of
motion was given st this week's City
.Council meeting to change the bylaw
governing the rate of Interest
So, as the ratepayers ratified the bylaws In January on the 4 per cent
basis, they will have to be' resubmitted for the electors sanction, all, that
Is, except the farcical, weakly little
market bylaw for $11,000, which wm
Ignomlnously relegated to the limbo
of defeat
The elty wltt doubtless be the Immediate beneficiary to the extent of
some hundreds of thousands of dollars, as the debentures, carrying with
them Interest st the rate ot 4 1-1 per
cent will perchance command a better
price on the market. When the bylaws and their amounts were diseased
by the committees snd council, 10
per cent of the total was added In
each case, to cover brokerage and
bond shrinkage.
For the benefit of the wealthy wags
slaves who have to Invest sll their
earnings on the bellies and on the
backs of themselves and their families
tt may' be stated thst "brokersge" signifies the expense of selling them; In
other words lt Is the city's fiscal
agents' rake off, and "bond shrinkage''
mesns tht difference In the face value
of the debenture and the amount actually paid In cash for It If the bond
represents a face value of $100, the
price paid by the investor may only
be, aay, $911. In such a case the shrinkage would be $7.
But would .the said Investor sell it
back to the city for $93?
Not exactly, The price would
mount a little, yon bet.
It is expected, therefore, that the
4 1-2 per cent Interest will result In
Investors assimilating the bonds at a
better price than would have been
the case had the customary 4 per cent
been adhered to.
Now, yon wage slaves, don't crowd
the passage In your efforts to secure
a fist full of these debentures.
The money market Is tight, certainly, at the present time, snd there does
not appear to be any break ln the
overhanging clouds, so If the city cannot get Its hands on a whale of a bank
roll, much necessary constructional
work will have to be passed over.
But all this shortage of money does
not prevent many societies snd clubs
from asking for big grants.
They sure have some gall, believe
Fancy the 72nd Highlander Cadets
only want an annual grant of $2000 to
help the bright young boys of our cltv
to be trained into brutal soldiers. That
Is not exactly how it was put to the
finance committee On Tuesday afternoon by Col. Brown, but that's what lt
Who gives a damn, anyway, whether
the cadets have uniforms or not If
they care for this questionable amusement let their parents toot the bill, or
let the money come from that class
which would gladly see the cadets,
when they have become proficient killers, shoot down, In time of industrial
strife, the men who form the majority
of the electors, the workingmen.
Fsncy wanting the ratepayers'
money to use against the ratepayers.
Wouldn't It rasp yout
' Then the Progress Club, which is
really anything but what Its name Implies,  only  want $26,000 to help to
boost the city and the province.
Only $26,000,- mark you!
Certainly, anything else today,
Besides this ambitious demand the
request of tbe Women's Christian
Temperance Union for a modest little
$1600 to help them In their work
comes as a cooling, comforting breeio
after a scorching summer day. It Is a
good work which the W, C. T. U. Is
doing. It seeks tb provide a bright,
comfortable home at a moderate cost
for those girls who, working ln tho
city for a very moderate wage, are
away from home.
Despite all that has been said,
wages for girls cannot be regarded as
high and the W. C. T. U. strives to
help them to lead clean, honorable
lives by making their living expenses
as light as possible.
Votes for Women.
The Trades and Labor Counoll Is In
receipt of a communication from P. M.
Draper, Secretary-Treasurer of tbe
Trades snd Lsbor Congress of Canada,
stating that the Congress executive Ib
to inaugurate a campaign to secure
the political franchise for all women
in the Dominion, Provincial and Municipal elections.
South Vancouver, Attention.
On Friday evening, April 11th, a social and dance Is to be held ln the
Staples Hall, near the corner of 60th
Avenue and Fraser St., South Vancouver, for the benefit of a member of the
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters
who has had a great deal of trouble
and sickness ln his'family. The tickets will be 60 cents, and it is hoped
that all union men and others who can
attend will do so, for they can be certain of a good time.
Is your name on the new  voters'
Visit of Culinary Trades Prssldent
Edward Flore, General President of
the Hotel and Restaurant Employees'
International Alliance, and Bartenders'
International League of America has
been a recent visitor to the city ln
connection with the affairs of his or
ganlsation. Pres. Flore was present
at the last meeting of the Tradea and
Labor Council and briefly addressed
the assembled delegates. On Friday
evening March 21st, he addressed a
large meeting of the members of his
organisation, ln tbe Labor Temple.
Union Miner Is Labor Secretary
The new Secretary ot Labor under
President Wilson of the United States
Is William R. Wilson, one of the best
known members ot the United Mine
Workers of America, In whose ranks
are enrolled 300,000 of the coal miners
of the States snd Canada.
Csrpentsrs' Msss Meeting.
The carpenters of Vancouver held a
mass meeting on Friday, March 21st
to consider the question of wages and
conditions for the coming year and it
was decided in view of the extreme
slackness In the building trades to lay
the matter over for a while.
si issi   mmm^m——1—___ta
Hardware Store
Tou will alweys Had bargains here in Shelf Hardware,
Cutlery,; MechMiet' Tools, Ensmelware, Stoves and
Ranges. '.       -
A few ot the retl bwnins in Mechgnics' ToobWs week:
.. sifafet-y L\i_im ;■.;.«*>
1% SB Hist-sstl rows, ret.
Carpenter Aprons, 7-pocket with
tegs ^u™...-.™ .75c
Carpenter Aprons, 7-poeket with
(traps ;........»;«.......*«... a*».*a..75c-
6, 7 snd tin. Insulated lineman
Plyeis, reg. values to $»,0», all
...... ... ,.75e
0-ln.  Combination Plyers,  reg.
60c, for .—.„.....-.;.,,VJ|,j..40c
fin. Oas Plyers, ret. Me fJMSe
u-ln. Oes Plyers, reft Me ter.JOr
6-in. Bell Hangers Plyers, rtf.
Dlsston Brick Trowels, alt Dees,
leg. »♦» ter -33
■*. 7 and Mnch Ooibmatl— _m-
■ ery OilMeaee. reg. veJaos te
Phone Seymour 3472-3473
1   fflT1
Hardware aiid Toeli
i r -*i 'liiiM itl ■■ ■!■"■'f|- - ■fiiiiii'six r.n'iiiiiiii i.'miisii
1A splendid stocfc of the beet in the world's msrkst '
Wen-she aspeoUl|nt ot supplying everr need end re-
..',.;- qnirement of the eftisan in our line.
7 Hsstings Street West
Phone Seymour Md
8 hoc* for Oattt—iao) Iheet for C»m»ttw*j
__m tor Drew     >h—e for t,twr «»«tst>—ft
We've pioked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're at the s
ot every man who desires the best shoes his money can bay.
Opposite the City Hel
»tn«d Iheei Am sTraatasmmaar
•«<> ts» Mon-Osstoa r>cf rt»»
no matter what its name, unless it beefs •
plain snd readable impression of thie ttma.
All shoes without the union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot eft Hue Worlsri' Urns**
246 Summsr Street Boston, Msss.
J. P.Tobln, Pres.    C. L. Bslne, See.-Treee.
Patronize Home industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
A rich and delicious food beverage. Possesses to ths full the
elusive spirit of the hops; a qulckener of brain and nervours force,
with no unplesssnt after effects. Exquisite In aroma, positive la
purity, essy ot digestion. In pints at your dealer's. Demand this peri
Canadian Brewing and
Malting Company, Ltd.
...ilAAOB 11, iui
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Provinoe and World eaoh day for
full particulars
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a oopy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
If yon went to enjoy ell the com-
- forts and advantages of pore wool
underwear, you can mike no mistake in buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
t4t Heatlngo W. (W Oranvllle
•It Hastings W.
Bow About That Photo
Yon Promised Your Friend?*
Western Studio
424 Main St Formerly at 440
137 Cordova Straet VV.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Stoves and Nice Warm
for the oool weather at
HI Oranvllle Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745
Furniture Co.
Wide-Awake*- Furniture
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3887
Is yonr name on tbe new voters',
Mr. Union Man
Here is the, place to
buy a union-made
We oarry the largest
assortment of union-
made bate in
Leader Exdnsive
.00 Hat Store
8.W. Corner Haatinge and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
18.00 Hats
- OttelalotgMi of Tha Socialist Forty
of ~
Bead Offlce: 191 Grays Inn Road,
London, England.
llmonths...-40c The "Western
■                   ' Clarlon"descrlb*
. m..th.....to. $*_%_>_
Blnsleeews. 5c ^T"'*^-
Auctioneer and
Commission Dealer
Open to conduct ssles anywhere In city. Ooods received
end sold on commission. Weekly
auction ssles ot tools, furniture
snd household effects held every
Saturday afternoon and evening
at our Salesrooms.
Near Msln St
PHONE 8BT. 167».
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hastings Street West
A Credit to Union Workmanship
Host up-todate' Baths In the
dty.  Hot Room, Steam' Room,
Massage and Swimming Tank.
All Included for One Price, SIM
Hastings and Carrall Sts.
Pete Banai'oft, Prep.
Haiti   —J  ■■ as	
Lip im many Mrus
and Shetland Ponies tor Sale
AM Hornby St.    Phone Sey. IM
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"■ho sterols will tke »e»eU«oa"
.Full line et accsssoriss
i       Repairs promptly tiscuUd
eis sat-mas st. a.
Union Men, Support
Year Own
len, Support
*n Principles
0, When you buy your tuts
from us you sre doing to, We
employ union workmen only.
4 In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
FIT snd the MOST UP-TO*'
The following correspondence developed from an enquiry from Mr. H.
H. Stevens, M. P., as to tbe reasons
for the strike of miners and allied
trades at the Brlttanla Mines. The
futility of wasting time and energy in
an effort to secure advantage by tbe
"lemon" Act route is fairly well exemplified by.tbe inability ot tbe Minister of Labor to compel tbe employer
to accept a decision favorable to the
men. This, of course, bas been patent
for some time, but ln no way affects
the attitude of the local member towards tbe miners engaged ln the present dispute
HoUse of Commons, Ottawa,
February 25th, 1913.
James McVety, Esq., Labour Temple,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir—I understand that, the
miners are on strike at Britannia
Is it the intention to ask tor a commission?   It so, I will be pleased to
loan you any assistance in my power.
I would be also like to have a statement of the difficulty and to be kept
posted In the matter.
Tours faithfully,
(Signed) H. H. STEVENS.
March 4, 1913.
H. H. Stevens, Esq., M. P., Ottawa,
Dear Mr. Stevens—Replying to yours
of the 25th ultimo with reference to
the Britannia strike. I presume when
you enquire as to whether the men
are going to apply for a commission
that you mean a board under the
"Lemon' Act? If this Is correct, tbe
answer Is no, as the men are striking
to secure the acceptance of an award
made laat summer.
I am enclosing herewith a statement
of the trouble from the standpoint ot
the men, and from my own knowledge of the situation I am able to say
that: the facts are very fairly presented, this being borne out by the
report of the board published at the
time In the Osteite.
as you are ho doubt aware, tbe company is a New Tork concern, with a
set of dummy directors In this province, Hon. Edgar Dewdney holding the
offlce of president, but being interior
In authority to Mr. Moody, the manager, who takes all bis instructions
direct from New York.
Thanking you for your Interest and
trusting this Information will be satisfactory, I remain,
Tours faithfully,
t signed)   .       JAS. H. McVETY.
House of Commons, Ottawa,
March 18th, 1913.
James H. McVety, Esq., Labor Temple,
. Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir—I have yours ot the 14th
Instant, enclos.ng a memorandum regarding the Britannia-strike.  I bave
no hesitancy in saying that from the
Statements contained in your memorandum I am heartily in sympathy
with the miners In their difficulty.   1
would be very pleased to lend any assistance In my power to bring about
an adjustment, and, In the meantime,
I shall take the matter up with the
Minister ot Labor herp to ascertain
what can be done ln the matter.
I am, youra truly,
March 18th, 1918.
Hon. T. W. Crothers, Minister Of Labor, Ottawa.
Dear Mr. Crothers—I enclose herewith a tie Of correspondence, which
kindly return after having perused
the same. In regard to this, I beg to
state that I consider the action of the
Britannia Mine as one absolutely contrary to the arrangements I made personally with Mr. Edgar Dewdney last
summer, when discussing this matter
with bim.. Barring some very minor
and insignificant points, I was quite
agreeable to the main demands of the
men as set out In this memorandum.
I Wish you would kindly advise me
if there Is any possible way ln which
we can take this matter up and bring
this company to a reasonable consideration of their duty to their workmen. It seems to me preposterous
thst any concern should be permitted
to openly disregard the Sndlngs under
a Dominion Btatute, especially so
when the demands of the men were
so exceedingly reasonable. I trust
thst I msy be favored with an esrly
reply. Tours truly,
(Signed) H. H. Stevens.
Ottawa, March 14th, 1918,
Dear Sir—Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P.,
has shown me your letter to him ot
the 4th Instant, with enclosures.
Tbe dispute between the Britannia
Mining and Smelting Company and
their men having been investigated by
a board, composed of men of capacity
and high character,.and appointed under the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, and a majority ot that board
having made an award, I, at the time
and since, have, as strongly as possible, urged upon the company, as 1
do In all suoh 'cases, their duty, as
good citlsens, to observe the sward
and strictly carry out its provisions,
but I regret to say that I have not yet
been able to persuade them to accept
what I think Is their dear duty.
I hsve no objection to your publishing this letfr, if, in your Judgment,
lt be advlsabi* to do so.
(Signed) T. W. CROTHERS.
James H. McVety, Esq,, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C. .
-March 24,1918.
Hon. T. w. Crothers, K. C, Minister
of Labor, Ottawa, Ont
Dear Sir—I have ours of the 14th
inst. with reference to the non-acceptance of the award of the board appointed last year to deal with the dispute between the Britannia Mining
Company and Its employees.
As you are aware, the employees
accepted the award Immediately, thus
showing their disposition to give the
Industrie) Disputes Act a fair trial.
Subsequent events, however, would'
lead them to believe that they would
bave been better off had they Ignored,
the act entirely, and settled their differences, in the flrst Instance, in the
way'they have now adopted through
the refusal ot the company to accept
the award.
Pursuant to your request I am having the correspondence published in
order that tbe organised workers may
be made more fully aware of the limitations Imposed upon them by the Industrial Disputes Act,
Tours truly,
(Signed) JAS. H. McVETY.
House of Commons, Ottawa,
March 17th, 1918,
James H. McVety, Esq,, Room 211, Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir—In further reply to yours
of the 4th Instant, I beg to state that
I have consulted further with the Minister of tabor, and I find that he has
been unsble to Induce the company to
accept the award, and there Is nothing ln the act Itself whloh easbles us
to enforce this award.- I have been,
and am still, urging upon the minister
an amendment to the aot which will
to place in the hands of the Government
some authority to enforce the decision
which may be arrived at under an arbitration. I do not know tbat there
Is anything further that* I can do at
the present tlmei but I desire to sky
that I stand ready at any time to give
you my assistance in any way that is
possible. Kindly advise me if you so
desire lt.   I am,
Yours truly,
March 24th, 1918,
Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P., House of
Commons, Ottawa, Ont.
Dear Sir—I beg to acknowledge
yours of the 13th and 17th Instant with
reference to the strike ot the miners
at Britannia Beach.
I was fully awsre that nothing could
he done to compel the company to accept the;award,of the Conciliation
Board, but I am always interested In
attempts to make the lion. Capital lie
down quietly with the lamb, Labor,
and except when the lamb Is safely
Inside the: lion, there Is little chance
of bringing this condition about.
If the state Is to Interfere in disputes affecting the sale of labor power, It seems to me that It should have
the courage to'go all the way and
compel the acceptance of any decisions arrived at by boards appointed
under Its direction. Under any circumstances, I think you will agree
that the present legislation on this
question is s miscarriage and tends
only to handicap the workers by delays, without giving them any of the
alleged advantages that ate secured
(according to .the reports of the Labor
Department) from the submission of
their disputes to boards appointed Under the Industrial Disputed Aot. However, I have no doubt that .n this case
the. men will ultimately compel the
company to grant better conditions of
employment thsn were conceded by
the board to be fair and reasonable.
That your efforts to compel the ac
ceptanoe of the award were Unavailing
was; 1 feel sure, due to no fault of
yours and I desire to thank you for
your interest In the matter,
j     Yours truly,
(Sighed) JAS. H. McVETY.
C. M. Feider, organiser for the Barbers' Union ts ln Vancouver ln connection with the affairs of his organisation. Du*-)ng a short Interview Mr.
Fleder said:
."Local conditions seem to indicate
good management on the part of the
officials of the various labor organisations ot this city. However, there
seems to be a lack of the proper cooperation between the several unions.
This perhaps Is due to the lack ot
proper agitation and Inactivity on the
part of the general membership.
Of the 350,000 population In the province of B. C. at least 30,000 are of
Asiatic Extraction. Vancouver being
the largest city In the province, it naturally follows thst the largest portion
of these Orientals Is: la Vancouver. ■ It
is an undeniable fact tbat the-standard
of living of the-Oriental Is far below
that ot the white men, so U behooves
the intelligent portion of the wsge
workers, those who are organised, to
co-operate with each ether for the pur
pose of protectlngiall the wage workers against the encroachment ot the
Oriental. *<y-
"The Vancouver: trade unionists sre
to be congratulated on the magnificent
Labor Temple that stands as a monu
ment consecrated to the cause of Labor,
"I find many of i the barber shops
conducted by tbe Chinese and Japanese are ln a very unsanitary condition.
Organized labor should see that a law
be passed regulating the proper manner in which places of this kind should
be conducted In order to safeguard the
publlo health."     «■:
(Continued from Page One.)
Votes for Women.
The local women who aire engaged
in the "votes for women" movement
are publishing a newspsper of their
own for the. purpose of having a press
under their ownership snd control,
where they can express their view's.
The paper is called "The Pioneer
Woman," and is published every two
weeks. The Federatlonist finds more
than pleasure In welcoming lis'contemporary Id the perilous waters of
Journalism. All Interested In the movement should attend the meetings which'
are held every Wednesday evening in
the Labor Temple at 8 p. m.
Lady—Why, you naughty hoy. 1
never heard such language slnee tbe
day I was born. .
Small Boy—Yes, mum; I s'pose dere
wus a good deal of cussin' de dsy you
wiis born.
(Continued from Page One.)
At present, If a girl wants a Job at
that kind Of work, she very likely goes
to a private employment agency, conducted by some old battle-axe In petticoats, who does not care a Jot about
anything else once tbe hss got her fee
of 11.00 or more. The girl may pay
her dollar, but it is not like buying
a yard of ribbon or a pair of boots,
because she does not see st the time
she pays her money what she la buying. Then when, she gets tb the Job
she may flnd that what the woman
wants Is not a human being, but a
machine that will scrub floors and
clean windows from early morn Ull
dewy eve and,at the same time tolerate-the persistent bull-dosing whloh
only some women are capable of handing out to their help. Beyond immediate plans it Is "hoped that eventually
ihe* girls might be able tb lease a build
Ing and fit It up as a large rooming
house to be run by them on a co-operative basis, where they could live, and
spend their leisure time In healthful
surroiihdlngs and social plessures,
wh|ch hundreds of them are not able
to enjoy as they are now situated. The
question was raised st the organisaton
meeting whether the girls might not
eventually marry and thus leave the
uaton, but the fact that many married
women are working as domestic help
during the daytime Is proved by the
fsct that the city council has bought a
large piece of land upon which a
creche is to be built, where married
women who are now working can leave
their children. This is the golden
west, the Eldorado where all women
have such a good time, and no woman
of the working classes Who gets married need be afraid that shr may have
to leave the union because she Is not
out working. And anyhow, does a woman work less hours, Or get more
Wages, when she gets married than
she did before? Well then, the secretary is Miss E. Platster, 1587 Fifth Avenue, E.
a matter of fact'the Canadian North
em and other steamship companies
have already contracted for the construction of an additional number o'
modern ocean freighters to be used lu
tbls trade. -
So that it Is not beyond reasonable
conjecture to -expect that within
comparatively thort time we wlil find
this .coal bidding for.markets oa the
Atlantic seaboard as well ss' On the
Pacific Coast. This feature in itself
would not be so bad lt there could be
an interchange of competition,: but'
that cannot be, for the reason that
the much superior quality of this coal
will alawys bar outside competition
from its own sone.
The duty devolving upon the United
Mine Workers of America because-of
tils condition, Is to organise Vancouver Island and adjacent territory
raise the standard of employment and
act as a balancing medium In ths establishment ot equitable competitive
mining rates. This will be a herculean
task, but lt mutt be done, Or we mutt
suffer from Inequitable competition,
and the Job can be easier done now
thsn after the task gets bigger.
Recognising the serlouslness of this
condition and being desirous of pro
tectlng the Interests of our membership, as well as being anxious to extend assistance to the men employed
on Vancouver Island who, because of
the absence of an organisation, were
being Infamously fleeced and subjected to Impositions that reached the last
degree ot toleration, the International
Executive Board decided' to expand
the power and protection of the organization te the Island. In keeping
with this decision a district convention-was held in Nanalmo during tbo
month of November, -1911, »»•* a dlstriot organisation was formed, From
the beginning the men took kindly to
the organisation which grew rapidly ln
numerical strength, and there was
every prospect of a substantial organisation being established, when,
during September, 1912, the Canadian
Collieries Company, evidently fearing
their power was passing, began singling out and discriminating against the
mpre active of the men. Peaceful over
tures from the men tor sn explanation
of the management's action met only
with arrogant rebuff. This sort of
treatment was tolerated until It could
no longer he endured without resentment, snd after every peaceful means
of redress had been exhauated the
men decided to show their opposition
tb such Injustice by taking a holiday,
which they did, and after which the
company refused to allow them to re
turn to work unless they would sign
Individual contracts (old Iron-clsds so
familiar to the men In the United.
States), the terms of which would
make the signers little more than
bondsmen, and which would result in
the voluntary dltoslutlon of their
union. Thlt the men refused to agree
to, and the light has been on ever
since. .     -
During the progress of this struggle
sll the modem Instruments uted to defies elsewhere have been used to defeat the then engaged lu this contest.
Hardships, hunger, evictions, brutal'
Ity, arrests, strike breakers, false press
reports, Illegal repression of Vested
rights-Intimidation, political prostitution and- armed guards iris elements
common to this battle fpr human
rights.- ,r " .
However, notwithstanding that the
company have mustered every Influence at their command, they have not
been able to produce any considerable
part of their Original tonnage, or to
discourage the men Involved, and tf
solidarity, fidelity and courage are a
harbinger of success the end will see
the United Mine Workers ot America
established on Vancouver Island.
Steel Trust Above ths Law.
The employees of the steel corporation In Nova Scotia are speotally debarred from participation In the bene-
fltl of the Workmen's Compensation
Act oi that province, and this serves
to show the tremendous Influence of
that Industrial monster.
Make $M a Bay
Notice Is hereby given that the list of
voters for the Vancouver City Electoral
Dlstriot hss been cancelled, and that applications to be placed on the voten'
list will be received at my offlce at Ml
Pender Street W.. Vancouver, whore
printed forms of affidavit to be used -
support of an application to vote n
be supplied.
The list of persons claiming to vote
will bt suspended from and after tbo
seventh day of April, HU, and a Coun
of Revision will be held on the nineteenth day of May, Ull, and notles of
objections to the insertion of any name
on the register of voters must be given
to mt thirty clear days before tbe hold-
"it ot ths Court of Revision,
Dated this 4th day of March, till.
Registrar of Voters for the Vanoouver
City Electoral Dlstriot
 ! <£_
Official Organ ef the Western
Federation of Minors
SubspHptlon ti Par Yaar
llinsrs' Mussina SOS Railroad
Bldg,, Denver, Colorado
Ask Your BARBER For
Quality th* Boat
"• **m WL*_fa__«a.
Good and Reliable   -
Always to be had at the
Imperial Wine
54 Cobdova Stbebt Wist
Phohb Bet, 955
Do you know that. Nature will respond to
Nature's call. A natural formula will in certain
cases do what medicine will not. .For rheumatics,
lumbago, la grippe, colds; in faot, many other common complaints, too numerous to mention,-will find *
almost instant relief by having a Bath by our new
On Monday, March 24
Sultan Turkish Baths
Were Opened to the Publi
The management feel that they are flUU
long-felt want by inaugurating in Vancouver
torn.that is followed in all large cities inj
United States and Europe, namely, devoti
tain part of the day to the ladies of thj|
Baths Will be open every day, except!
the hours of 10 a.m. for gentlemen j
secured the services of expert la<j
masseurs of wide experience, whj
dbmfortof their patrons.
Not only have we the Stj
also,the Russian system..
the main features, of a Til
dation for over forty at bncej^
1    Pacific Coast,   In connection is a 1
marble rubbing slabs, a plunge 40x20, P/« feet deep,
shower baths, 24 single rooms and a palatial loung- '
ing room. The management have gone to considerable expense, with only one objective view, the comfort and welfare of their patrons. We invite the
public, and especially invite the physicians of Vancouver, to inspect our premises. After having done
ao, we feel secure in the belief of their patronage.
Sultan Turkish Baths
Phone 8684       HOLDEN BLK.    16 Hastings St E
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock lo select trom
FRED PERRY Ubor Tetnple Tailof
Comer Hornet ud Duninuir Streets
Gardening Season Is Here
All Sorts of Hardware for Building Purpoaea
Paints, Oils, Stoves, Flshimj Taekls, Cutlsry
Natty Clothes for Knowing Boys
If you don't bring you boy here for hli clothes you ought to.
Wo have styles suitable to every tie from the little chap of two years
to the budding giant of sixteen. The moat fastidious boy will And something ln our atock classy enough to satisfy him.
our suite for style, make and value can not be excelled ln tho city,
of this wo are con Ment, Including aa they do the very nobbiest shapes and
clothes obtainable.
Remember—Whatever elm you forget, that our prices are reasonable.
Mm AID SOT'S OS tf msss
Mt-li Xasttaga St W . Tot Sey. TWI
108 Hastings Street East
Agents tor    '        -
Cyoles  for Hire
Bipert Repairing
W. H. Morrison, Prop.
Phone Seymour 27M
The Only Shop
In British Columbia usingpa-
Cir stock bear-
g the watermark (label) of
al Paper-makers Union
Mall Orders Promptly Filled
Phone Seymour 824
Aa*-. i-  i
■     .„■ ..)-.;., ,    :_____


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