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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 25, 1913

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HFTH YEAR.    No. 120,
Collusion Alleged Retween Oompuy Foremen and Local Employment Agencies,
Endless Chain of Job-aeekers Being Lured to Construction Camp
of Oraaby Bay alining Oo., 700
Milea North, Only to be Dii-
oharged After Pew Dayi' Work.
That thsni le collluslsn between
certain loesl employment agenelss
snd ths foremen of meny construction camps In British Columbls
hss often bsen alleged by men
who, though competent tradesmen, have bsen repeatedly die-
charged without sny reason being
assigned other thsn that thslr ser-
vlcse were no longer required,
• while ether men were Immedlstely
pieced st work, they In turn ti be
similsrty dsslt with st ths expiration of s few dsys or weeks. And
that there is s rake-off from tho
transportation eompsnles Is some-
timss hither strongly hinted st by
victims of long voyages to myth)-
csl jobs.
The story told below hy union men,
well known residents of Vancouver,
who were compelled to leave the city
ln search of employment recently. Is
one thst should give Employment
Agency Inspeotor Qulnn .a starting
point tor a thorough Investigation Into
the methods of certain .company foremen ot the hyena species and employment agenelss of the usual cult
A dosen men, union carpenters
. among them, called at The Federation.
let ofllce, Labor Temple, this Week to
warn their fellow-workers against being lured by employment agencies to
the camp of the Granby Bay Mining
and Smelting Co., and the story told
by tbe victims of the swindle Is one
that Is sll too common a practice In
British Columbia.
A portion of the men hired some
weeks sgo with Fred. Llllyman & Co.,
licensed employment agents, 95 Powell
street They paid 11 each for the
job and were guaranteed work for a
year. They purchased their own transportation to Anyox, B. C„ some TOO
miles north, ten hour's sail from
Prlnse Rupert, to the construction
camp of the Granby Mining and Smelting Co., where a smelter Is being built
snd s couple of prospects being developed, with between 500 and 700
men employed. The deck, fare each
way was tlO and two hits for meals en
route. They were to receive 14 per
nine-hour day and guaranteed steady
Upon srrlval at the comp the men
were escorted to s filthy hunk-house
and there began to learn of "the end.
less chain" system of employment.
They worked a few days during tbe
end of June and tbe beginning ot July
and were, with others, "canned" by
Foremen Harry Peimlcook, with the
remark tn one case, "I guess you have
made your expenses by. this time,"
while no other reasons for discharge
were given. They were charged 17 a
week for poor board, »2 hospital fees
wers deducted, though they had only
been employed a short portion of two
different months. They were psld by
cheok, but not before the boat arrived, and could not cash them to
leave for a hotel three miles distant.
They had to wait until the boat arrived and then pay s discount of 1
per cent, for cashing on the boat
With each boat arrival the men discovered that a number equal to those
discharged came In en the ssme boat
they were leaving on, and this wss
the prscttce right along, It evidently
being the policy of the company fore-
roan to keep certain Vsncouver employment agencies ln jobs.
The whole camp Is a living Illustration of the modern Industrial plantations now being developed ln this
province. All the property thereabouts Is owned by the company; a
company ofllce; company bunk-house;
compsny cook-house; company store;
company post ofllce; a company hotel
la course of erection; a church maintained by the company, and a compsny
"bull," were some of the features of
the camp. .
In some cases the men were hired
locslly by a Mr. McNlcol, whose ofllce
Is located ln the Northern Trust Building, Richards street,
B. C. F. of L. Executive to Meet.
A full executive board meeting of
the B, C. Federation of Labor will
he held at Victoria an Sunday next.
It is the tap of svsn aalagats
to the ontral Mor body t»JM
pnsut st nest matting, Aug. Tttu
Iks aew exseatlvs committee will
bava to stlaot standi** committees
for the eaanlsg wm ana » umber of other msttess affwtlia tha
latnssts of Labor win M up fsr
Sec Wilkinson bas been actus*
that a delegation Ms ths various
local Women's Bs*ftwe "seamsi
wltt be present to address the
*be reports of at least three Un-
-test special oonunltteas, Inolnd-
tba tu appoint* to oo-op«au
in the matter ofjaaebur a bnslaess
agent la the laid, wiflja np for
wssldaratioa ana Itservis tbe attention of every delegato.
By J. __
Special Federatloi
"The mined sre mine; can't I do aa
I Uke with my own property?". "**
Lieutenant-Governor Dunsmuir,    His
successors on Vsncouver Island seem
to bo pursuing much the same policy.
When It wss learned that Minister
of Labor Crothers was about to come
to the coast some holies were enter
talned that he might be able to assist In bringing about a settlement
of the coal strike on Vancouver Is!-
It was known that the ministers of
the provincial legislature were nothing but the representatives of thS)
cosl operators on the Island, but It
was thought that aa Mr. Crothers waa
a Dominion Minister he might be
able to bring pressure to bear on Mr.
Coulson, manager for McKensle &
Mann, ln order that a meeting between the contending parties might
be arranged,, the miners at all times
having been willing to send their
representatives to meet the employers.
Mr. Crothers has been described as
a fair and Impartial man, one who
was broad-minded and who recognised
the heed of lahor organisations.
Of course he has been described
thusly ln the capitalist presB and the
press Is the mouthpiece of the masters. *"
In spite of the knowledge that the
Minister of Labor Is a member of a
capitalist government and as such
does not represent the working class,
it was thought he might be big enough
to show McKensle & Mann that tbey
were not quite the whole thing.
Let us see what he did.
In Vancouver
Mr. Crothers arrived ln Vancouver
early one morning. He was met by
representatives of the tabor moves
ment Including Mr, Farrington, who
was ln charge ot the Btrike situation
on behalf of the U. M. W. of A. After
listening to Farrlngton's outline of the
case of the striking miners. Mr.
Crothers left for Victoria ln order to
consult with the premier of B. C, who
Is also minister ot mines In this province, the man who refused to enforce
the law ss laid down in the Coal
Mines Regulation Act
He no doubt received advice as to
the course he wss to pursue; at least
it would appear so, judging by his
mode of procedure since.
At Victoria.
From Victoria he came to Nanalmo,
met Some of the striking miners and
listened to a few grievances. He
seemed, however to bave lost all
faith ln men's veracity, especially
men who are on Btrike. On being informed by one witness, a shot-lighter,
that he had fired as many as.forty
shots at one time, with the full knowledge of the mine officials, while the
law only allows for the firing of one
shot at a time. He bluntly told the
witness that ho did not believe htm.
He did not think the mine officials
would act ln auch a manner, as If there
was anything the master class or their
hirelings would not do ln order to
wring surplus vslue from the hides of
the workera,
The minister was also afflicted with
a scarcity of time ln which to listen to
the grievances of the striking miners.
At Cumberland.
The next place he visited was Cumberland. Whilst there, according to
his awn statement he found time to
interview 17 of the Durham miners,
brought out by the operators, and also
some - forty others working underground; sent word to the striking
miners to meet him at a hotel; then
after hearing five of them discovered
he could spare no more time. He hsd
time to listen to about 50 strike-breakers who had no grievances, but could
not Ind time to listen to the miners
who were on strike, because their
grievances were not attended to.
At Lsdysmlth,
At Ladysmlth the minister asked
that a committee ot the miners meet
at one of the hotels—a non-union one,
He was Invited to come up to the
miners' meeting room Instead, as
they preferred tbe hesrlng should take
place before the members. He came.
He seemed to have lost all faith In
mankind while on this Investigation
for he seemed unable to believe anything stated by the miners.      ffl
His remarks wsre In the following
strain: "I cannot believe tbat these
things are true. Do you think that If
the operators knew of these things
they would tolerate them? Look at
the loss of life and the damage to
their property. I do not believe that
things can be as you say."
He waa very sorry they hsd made
the mistake of taking a holiday, refer
ring to the general holiday taken by
the men before the Institution of the
He held the view thst a collective
holiday ln such a case constitutes a
Btrike and tbat each man taking part
was liable to prosecution tor Infringing the Lemleux Act.
This was stated ln a very gracious
manner, like that of a ruler chiding
his discontented slaves.
One complaint however, was too
strong to be waved aside. It appears
that a fire-boss ln No. 2 mine had re.
quested the gas committee to examine
the mine, as gas was reported. The
gas committee went Into a section* of
the mine In which gas had heen reported, In company with Tom Strang,
a fire-boss.
Strang raised bis safety lamp above
his head and gas was present in such
quantity as to extinguish the light
Ho then knelt down ln the roadway,
unscrewed- • his lamp, which should
hsve been locked, struck a match and
lit It again.
Sensntlonsl Evidence.
Mr. Crothers:    "Do you  mean to
tell me that he did that?"   Answer:
"Why did you not report to the Mine
Inspector?"   Answer:    "I did,"
"Did you see him do this?" Answer:   "Yes."
Mr. Shepherd, M.P.
Mr,  Crothers then turned to Mr.
Shepherd, M.P., who wss with bim
Despite Many Handicaps tbe Big
Coal Minen' Organization Li
Daily Gaining around.
At a largely attended meeting of
miners at Thorburn, PIcton Co., Pres,
J. C. Watters of the -Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada- delivered an ad,
dress, the tmpresslveness of which
tound ready lodgment ln the minds of
his hearers. After listening to hts exposition of the lsbor movement, from
Its purely local activities to Its worldwide Influences, ons wss Irresistibly
drawn to the dlclston, If one dared to
meet the gaze of his fellowman, to
enlist in tbe great international army
engaged In the work of human uplift
Almost to a man hla hearers responded
by there and then forming a union of
ths TJ. M. W. of A.
In addition to Pres, Watters the
meeting hsd the extreme good tor-
tune of the presence of each of the
district officers, vis., Board Member
McLennan, District Pres, Bonnymsn
and Sec. McLachlsn. The encouraging
words of McLennsn, with the added
practical work of the other two district officers, resulted ln sending the
new local union oft to a good start, officers being elected and dste and place
of regular meetings arranged for.
One cannot spesk too highly of ths
Impression made on the minds of the
miners ot this district by the presence
ot Pres. Watters. As their representative on the conciliation board, which
had"finished lte labors, his attltuda
towards both parties to the dispute,
his experience, timely suggestions snd
counsel won the respect snd admiration of all. Whatever the recommendations and the report of the board
may be, the men are confident their Interests will not suffer at the bsnds of
the board*, because of the knowledge
and wisdom manifested by their own
representative and the open-minded-
ness and fairness of the two ether
members of ths board.
Once again, despite the deep-rooted
objection from severs! sources to the
Lemleux Act, the men have gained decided advantages, while the company,
that strenuously opposed the granting
or the board, has lost to the extent the
men hsve gained.
It Is not too much to ssy thst the
sessions of the board hsld In Stellar-
ton, with the mass of Information
gleaned, wtll lead to renewed snd sue
oessful efforts to build up s thorough
organization In this province.
All the Information brought out st
the Inquiry pointed to the one wsy
"out of the wilderness of heartless ex.
nloltatlon"—Joint action hy all the
miners of the province through s
strong International organisation.
Every effort ahould be made
by the union men of Vanvouver
to extend the sale of union-
labeled goods. When you enter
an establishment to make a pur.
chase and the merchant does
not handle the article you want
ask him why he does not put ln
a union-labeled line of goods.
Several advertise™ sre now
carrying good lines of union-
made goods. When purchasing
from your friends just say: "I
see you are advertising ln The
of the professional element possessed,
He said they were organised to do
the best tbey could .for their clients,
ln fact they Isy swtte at night thinking about them, and he supposed the
miners were organized.to be better
sble to further the Interests of their
Of course no men with any knowledge of conditions would take any
stock In such a line of talk, hut there
.are msny who do not think. Mr.
Crothers knows that; knows, thst
many accept his words as true. It
must be so or Mr. Crothers and
other members of his class would not
be In the position they occupy on the
backs of the workers..   .
At South Wellington.
-At South Wellington 200 miners
swatted him. Usual performance; listened to live or six and then became
pushed for time; could not listen to
sny more.
At Extsnslon Mlns.
At Extension mine he varied the
performance. Eighty-live miners were
awaiting htm there. They waited all
day. He came; spent two hours ln
the company's office and did not have
time to bear a single miner.
Vanoouver Unionist* Will Likely
Join Royal City Central Labor
Body in Big Celebration.
If the reception of the New Westminster delegation at last meeting of
Vancouver's central labor body Is any
criterion of the feeling among local
unionists there Is little question as to
what the decision will be st next meeting of the Trades snd Labor Council,
Aug, 7th. Vancouver unionists will decide to spend Labor Day at New West
minster, where the Royal City central
labor body Is making elaborate arrangements for the entertainment of
the proposed inter-Coast City lsbor
unionists and thslr friends': Here IS
the programme, Issued In the form of
full-sheet posters:
"Grand free Labor Day celebration,
Queens Park, New Westminster, Sept.
1st, 1013, commencing 10" am. Addresses by Mayor A. W. Oray and Aid,
Walter Dodd, city council ot New
Westminster; R. A. Stoney, school
trustee, New Westminster; R, P.
Pettlplece, of Vsncouver Trades and
Labor Counoll; D, S. Cameron, president Trades and Lahor Council, New
Westminster. Music by band and
orchestra; Good prizes. Excellent
programme of sports. Lscrosse, football and baseball matches. Grand tug.
of-war.   Races for *
,     By JT, KAVANAOa
Executive Member ac.Federation Labor,
It was a bright.day, full of sunshine, lots ot young men and women
were going pleasure-seeking, a con-
stdersble number ot people had gone
out of town to a picnic and everything
seemed harmonious and peaceful. One
would never imagine that an Industrial
war waa being waged oa this very
spot; everything had an air ot peace,
even the mine on Protection Island
being ss pesceful as tbe dead, And lt
la dead.
It strikes ons aa aa idyllic place lit
wblch to livei no smoke belching forth
from mine chimneys to cloud the blue
ot the sky. Yet beneath all this ap-
pssrsnee of peace, smld these Ideal
surroundings Is being waged tbat
deadly struggle Which Is agelong In
Its duration, tie struggle of a section
ot tbe workers against "tbe conditions
under which they are forced to labor
iai to live.
What Is this war In so far ae the
workera sre concerned? Ia there violence? Nol There Ib j* attempt to
loot anything or destroy anything that
can be seen. The notion of the work,
ers.ls one of Inaction. They refuse to
work. s
Nothing very bed about that one
would think. Yet every effort ts being
put forward by the master class to
compel them to return to work, ln order that profit may be wrung out of
their hides as It has been In the past.
I hsd read In the Nanalmo press of
the discontent among the miners, of
their dlBsattsfsctlon with the organization of which they are members. Of
their discontent I saw very little,
Quite a lot of them were away on a
picnic. Another picnic Is plsnned for
tbe middle of the week. The wives ot
those who are married are taking part
in the meetings. Snd all seemed determined to stay away from work nn
til such time as the employers recognize their organization. ■ They have
cause. Within the past week ten men
have been burned because of the In.
competency of fire-bosses,
The only dissatisfaction I heard expressed waa that the organization was
not sb revolutionary as It might, be.
Sundsy Msss Meetings.
In the afternoon at 3 and ln the
evening at 8 meetings were addressed
by Kste Ssdler, from Seattle.
The meetings were held on tbe waterfront overlooking the wharf, an
Ideal place for sn outdoor meeting.
The meeting In the afternoon was attended principally by men, but ln the
evening sll the world and his wire
were present. The weather wss perfect, the audience sympathetic, and
Comrade Sadler delivered one ot the
most scientific revolutionary talks I
have heard from a member ot the fair
sex. She held her audience until the
close of her talk which wss audible
even to the deckhands on the S.S. Pat-
rlcla which had come In during the
meeting. That the talk was to their
liking was evidenced by the applause
which came from the boat at the close
of the address.
A vots of thsnks wss.proposed for
Comrade Sadler, but as the chairman,
A. Jordan, stated, "the best vote of
thsnks that could be received by the
comrade wsa the knowledge tbat the
boys and girls;     _.. „._	
races for union men; races for union members of her audlence"were suffl.
apprentices; three-legged race; potato I cently interested In wbat she hsd said
race; fat men's race; obstacle race;, to buy the literature of the movement
nnd asked him If such an action was
1 would not advise you to try It"
replied Shepherd.
This was too much to pass over, so
Mr. Crothers told the commissioner to
mske a note of lt
He did not have time to listen to
any more complaints, yet he had the
nerve to say they did wrong to make
forceful protest agslnst such conditions.
Believed In Unions, But—,
He told them how much he believed
ln unions; pointed out what strong
unions the lawyers, doctors and others
Another Viewpoint
This, then, Is the "fair,, Impartial,
broad-minded Investigator of Industrial troubles." It is only whst could
be expected.
While at Ladysmlth he said he
agreed with organization; that this
was the day of collective bargaining,
but "I can't believe all you say," etc.
While at Nanalmo he said he be-
lleved In the right to organize, but
did not believe the company would
do the things the miners claimed they
had done, and did not Intend to Invest.,
gate; admitted they were entitled to
recognition as an organisation, but
tbey did not act right by coming out at
such short notice. He said the strike
was Illegal because they had not
taken a ballot on the question, Ignoring the fact that every meeting of the
local union ratified the decision ot the
convention calling the strike.
On the' minister's last visit to Nanalmo he attended a concert, held by
the miners, and dilated at length on
now ho loved humanity. He classified
man as the finest work ot art ever
evolved. So much did ho admire man
that he felt moved to take oft hla hat
every time he met one.
Mixed a Little Politics.
Then he told the miners of Nsnalmo
what a good representative they had
ln Frank Shepherd, the Conservative
member for that district He enlarged at length on the ability of the
said member, but not one word as to
any meeting between the operators
and the representatives of the miners.
ladles' race; high, jump; breed jump;
pole vault; sack race; pole climbing;
smoking contest; nall-drlvlne contest
for ladles only. Baby show for In.
fants under two years of age, Con.
eluding with grand ball ln Agricultural
building In the evening. Excursion
rates on all rati and steamship lines.
Come, bring your family and enjoy
yourself.  Admission to grounds free."
It Is no use covering up. Mr, Croth
ers' coming to the cosst was only a
bluff, ln an attempt to fool the people
Into thinking that hts class csn represent the working clsss.
Miners Themselves Must Win.
The only people who can win the
struggle for the miners of Vancouver
Island ts the miners themselves. They
need expect no assistance from the
political servants of the executive
committee ot the employing class.
Sympsthy Butters No Psrsnlps.
Mr. Crothers may have felt sympathy for the miners, but he hsd to
do ss be wss told, and the working
class doesn't want sympsthy,
Wss Miners Action Suddsn?
Mr, Crothers said the miners did
wrong ln acting so suddenly. Let us
Bee If tbey did act suddenly!
Oon June 1,1012, the miners of District 28, U. M. W. of A„ asked for a
conference with the mine operators, ln
which to discuss the question of an
Increase ln wsges snd tbe remedying
of some grievances of which they
complained. No answer Was received
to their communication.
On Oct. 11,1012, after the miners at
Cumberland had been locked out, they
submitted a proposed agreement to the
operators and suggested a conference,
at which the proposed agreement could
be discussed.   Again no answer.
And yet the mlnlBter ot labor has
and get down and study the question
for themselves."
President Foster of District 28, U,
M. W. or A., opened the meeting and
judging by the manner in. which his
remarks were received the miners of
Nsnalmo do not seem very dissatisfied
with tbat officer of their organisation.
There were a few questions on the
cause of panics, etc. which were answered to the satisfaction of the questioners. The meeting closed and thus
ended Sunday, July 20th, In the Black
Diamond City.
"Buck Brand" Overalls and Shirts are Vancouver-made, Union-
made and the best made.   In addition to this they are backed by
our own guarantee to
make good any defects
within 30 days
The campaign for the use
of Brltlih Columbia made
Roods, and tho products of
the farms of this provlnco
In tho homes of Vancouver
to be undertaken by the
Progress Club, la rapidly
Uklng form. A letter has
been drafted whloh will be
sent to every women'! organization ln the city, urging them to use, Insofar as
fiosslble. only goods made
n British Columbia, and
also asking for thtlr support In this movement.—
Dally press news Hem.
1176 Homer Street .   Vancouver, B. 0.
Honors Thrust—and Honors.
John O. Jones, president-elect of the
Alberta Federation of labor, was also
elected ss a delegate to the Montreal
convention of the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada. And on top of
these honors he had the temerity to
Join the benedicts last week.    .
Plumbers to Picnic Tomorrow,
Vanoouver and New Westminster local unions ot the Plumbers' ond their
friends will Join In an excursion and
picnic to Bowon Island tomorrow
morning, leaving for home at 6 o'clock
tomorrow evening. The S.S. Baramba
will leave the wharf at Vancouver at
9:15 In the morning. Tickets, 81; children, DO cents. A field day of snorts
hss been arranged for, with prises galore,   Everybody Invited.
Lift far Ottawa tkoiaj, After
flpendlnf Two Weeks _
Pergonal Inreatifataa*.
io bhuht ok oaonm
Meantime Btofltttg and leetasV:
rat Members of TJ. H. W. at —
Are Standtaif ftoa, Willi An***h
Back-tag From Headquarter* to
"I am very well plssasd thai I
mads a peraonal visit te Vsnoouvsr islsnd, ae It has given me a
good Insight Into the whole question," Mid Hen. T. W. Crothers,   *
Minister of Ubor, te The Ped-
erstlonist en Sunday morning at
the Hotel Vancouver, shortly before hie departure ter the eest
"No, tbere la really nothing to say
tor publication. I have left Mr. Price,
special commissioner for the department, to take up the whole question
and report as* soon ss possible.   Generally  speaking  the  situation  ores
there Is such thst I can see no place
Where my department haa the power
to step ln.   Mr. Prise will accompany
me part of the way east, hut will return In a few   days   to   Vancouver
Islsnd.   I am anxious to reach Fort
William and Port Arthur aa soon aa
possible, where there appears to be
matters  demanding attention.    Ton
have a great country out here for a
rich man, but there are plenty of poor
men, and the cost ot living Is very
high, compared to wagee paid aad
prlceB charged.   When I get ready to
retire I shall come   to   ths Pacific
coast to enjoy your splendid climate."
With  these  remarks  Minister  et
Lsbor Crothers withdrew from a small
assembly of callers snd msde 'way fer
his train, with a parting promise thst
his report" would be given out from
Ottawa at as early a date es possible. ■■
Meantime the strike sltustlon oa
Vsncouver Island remains unchanged,
with the locked out and striking miners still enjoying an enforced holiday
In true summer vacation fashion. The
miners realize that, after all, It tbey
are to maintain the right to organise
or secure sny amelioration In working
conditions they must depend upon
themselves and themselves alone.
Whst the report ot Minister ot Labor Crothers may be, er what the report of Special Commlsloner SamusI
Price may be, Is difficult to forecast
at this time, owing to the partisan
dally press reports, colored to meet
political requirements, and the conflicting stories told by various members of tbe Interests Involved la the
But one thing Is certain. The lockout and atrike Is still very much la
evidence and the coal Industry ot the
Island Is tied up tighter than the
money stringency. The U. M. W. ot
A. executive bosrd Is now In session
st headquarters, snd sdvlces already
to hand indicate that ample provision
has been mads to carry on the fight
for an Indefinite period. The membership of the TJ. M. W. of A. on Vancouver Islsnd Is standing firm, determined to mske the Issue this time a
flght to a finish, namely, a collective
sgreement with tbelr union which will
guarantee the enforcement of the Coal
Mines Regulation Act, abolish discrimination against union men, and giro
the cosl miners the liberty of having
their grievances heard and adjusted
by the mine managers. With this
guarantee assured snd sn opportunity
to make a decent living a truce will
be declared.   But not till then.
Have you made up your mind to
get in and do something for yourself,
by joining a union and pooling your
Interests with those to whose Interests lt Is to bring about a change?
the gall to say the miners of Nanalmo
did wrong in coming out on such short
notice, when they hsd the experience
of Cumberland to go by.
A Different Role.
One thing Is sure, and that Is, the
workers will know ln whst category to
place the minister of labor. He is ln
the Bame class as the other representatives ot the employing class, who
spend their time trying to fool the
Coulson IS Greater Thsn Crothers,
Some time sgo the question was
asked: "Is Coulson Greater than
He Is! The miners know It, and Hr.
Crothers knows It.
Ths Remedy.
One other thing the miners know:
What the workers want they must
take. When they pobsoss knowledge
they possess power. And possessing
that they have the right to take any
thing and everything.
Evldancs Will Bs Submitted.
The twenty-three   psges  of   griev-
ences that the minister of labor had
not the time to hear will be published
In The Federatlonist.   Then readers
I will be able to Judge for themselves.
'A simple treatment that will mak*
hair grow," runs a heading In tha
Nanalmo Herald. But some method
or treatment by which the striking
miners of the Black Diamond City can
be Inveigled Into going back to work,
under the old conditions, hss not yet
been discovered by the Herald.
Who Is to blame for anybody
running a union? It is the members of the union who are primarily responsible. They have
power to decide by a majority
vote just how things shall be
run. If a majority stay away
from the meetings and allow a
minority to run the whole worke
they should not blame anybody
hut themselves for this state ot
affairs. If the minority under
such conditions does wrong or
makes mistakes, those who
failed to attend nuetlngs should
take tbelr medicine without
whining, and resolve ence and
for all to do their duty from then
Help makes the union what It
should be Instead of blaming It
for what your own neglect Is
chiefly the cause of. Face the
wrong In your union and Join
your fellow members In tbe
union to conquer tbe wrong Instesd of trying to run away and
then In the background come the
baby act ot telling your tale ot
woe to outsiders, thereby reveal
Ing what a mlserally poor union
man you are. Be a union man
ln fact Instead of merely In
name, and by so doing the
chances are your example will be
followed by others until you will
have a better unloa. PAGE TWO
The Royal Bank
of Canada
□rooBFOunD lses   .
Paid-up Capital
Total Assets
I 11,600,000
wiiuow ar-
Ose Dollar will opaa
Ike acoout, sua you
baslatta wul b« wtl-
seats be It large or
Bank of
Capital «c Reserve * 11.176.573
In the BANK OF TORONTO are proving to
be a great convenience to
msny of our friends.
With these accounts cither of two persons of the
household msy deposit or
withdraw money. Interest is psid on sll bslsnses
twice s yesr. In evewt of
death of either party the
survivor msy withdraw
the money
44* Hastings Street Weat
Cor. Hastings & Carrall Sts.
New Westminster    Victoria
See that thia Label is Sewed
in the Pockets
It atanda for all that Union
Labor Stands for.
with the LABEL on it
Cowan & Brookhouse
Saber «sstpls     »'«! gey. seso
to The
Granville Street
Where Everybody Goes
500 Gallery Seats at 15c
The Only Shop
in British Col-
Gir stock bear-   ,
g the water*
mark (label) of
. thelnternation-
al Paper-makers Union
Mail Orders Promptly Filled
Phone Seymour 824
Published weakly by The B. C Fadar-
atlonist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Tradea and Labor Counoll and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 1 J.000 organised wage-
Issued every Friday morning.
President. Jaa. Campbell
Vice-President J. W. Wllklnaon
Vice-President Christian Slverti
Treasurer. I. H. McVety
Managing-Editor K. Parm. Pett'pleot
Advertising Manager. ...J. H. Qiaham
Maeet   aoom sic, Labor seaspls
Tel. atv. ssso.     ^^
Subscription:    11.00 ptr year;   ln Van-
couver City. 11.86;   to unions aub-
aorlblng In a body, 78 cents.
"Palty of Habori toe hope of the wmM."
-*1 PAPER. If this number la on It
you, subscription expires neat Issue.
If the miners of Nanalmo were real,
ly paid "better than union wages," aa
alleged- by tbe hired msn of Premier
McBride's hired man on the hired editorial staff ot ths Herald, then Indeed
has a splendid tribute been paid to
the United Mine Workers ot America
This because lt must be conceded by
sll fair-minded men that were lt not
for unions tbere would be no "union'
wage. Wsges, like other vslues, are
Judged relatively.
Before the advent of the U. M. W,
of A. on this continent there was no
"union" wage, for coal miners, and
every reader Is familiar with the disgraceful conditions thst prevailed In
the coal fields, almost without exception, until the U. M. W, of A. began
to establish and maintain "union"
wages and working conditions.
So successful has been the U. M.
W. of A. that Its membership now
numSers round the 400,000 mark, embracing every corner of America
where coel Is produced. Working
agreements havs been secured after
many hard-fought Industrial struggles,
struggles thst make the Vancouver
Island strike snd lockout look like
the burial service of the Nanalmo
Herald's ofllce cat as compared with
the victory won only last week In
one section of the West Virginia cosl
fields, where no other organisation
has dared to plant the flag of Industrial liberty st this writing.
The aim of the U. M. W. of A., as
is the aim of every other International union on this continent, ts to thoroughly organise the miners, so that
the strong may come to the assistance
Cf the weak. A chain Is no stronger
thst Its Weakest link. Ths Vsncouver
ifland link, like that of West Virginia,
needs repairing, and if 400,000 members of the U. M. W. of A. can make
it possible that task will have been
accomplished before the present
struggle Is over.
It msy Interest some critics to
know that the U. M. W. ot A. haa not
yet found It necesssry to levy any
special assessment oh Its member.,
ship to maintain a strike-roll of over
116,500 a week on Vsncouver Island.
It may, too, surprise some of the
suburban boobs snd barnacles on
progress, masquerading as supporters
of the coal mining companies and
friends of the miners, to know that
the U. M. W. of A: has made up its
mind to win the present light, lt lt
means taxing Its every resource to do
so. A Iosb In any one section Is a
loss everywhere.
Temporary setbacks In Nova Scotia
were encountered, but after persistent
work and a campaign of over two
yesrs, the U. M. W. of A. Is now getting results, Only lsst week another
strong local was organised with the
assistance of President Jaa, O. Wst-
ters, ot the Tradea and Lsbor Congress ot Canada. Mr. Wstters reports
thst others will soon tell ln line and
tbat the company's "P.W.A." Is gasping tor bresth.
There Is ho such thing ss detest for
ths United Mine Workers of America.
They have discarded the word from
their vocabulary.
If tee business msn of Vancouver
ISIsnd want tbe struggle of other sections repeated before an agreement Is
conceded to the miners, all they have
lot to do la to continue squawking
tor tho cosl companies and they will
probably get their 111 of It
On the contrary It there are any Interests In British Columbia, or Can-
aids, not already under the thumb-of
McBride's political maohlne and Sire
BUI and Dan, they will 'be well advised to get busy snd Insist upon the
federsl government taking a practical hsnd ln the controversy.
If the coal1 companies are permitted by the governments to tell all
and sundry to go to he—Ip, then lt la
plsinly up to either ot the governments to open up coal mines of thslr
own, and thus assure plenty of coal
for those rwho need It and' decent,
sate, working conditions and wages
for those who do the work.
•failing this there Is no other alternative for the U. M. W, ot A. but to
light to a fsreyou-well, Fight they
csn snd fight thsy will, despite the
puny whining of a hired press, the Intimidation of McBride's special police, the reckless violation of law,
tbe scandalous abuse of deconoy by
employment sgencles ths slsnderous
abuse of union offlclsls by lickspittles
of corporations, the treachery of splss
on botn Inside and out, and the arrogant attitude of as brazen and brutal
a bunch of slave-driving hyenas as
ever went unhung.
The Blnghampton holocaust, ln
which sixty or seventy girl slsves
wsnt to a fearful death, Is to be Investigated. It Is a habit the authorities have of wblch they would be better rid, Tbe ugly mockery of these
investigations Is salt In the festering
vtouuds of the working olsss.
The Triangle fire was investigated.
So was erery other disaster. Did the
Investigations prevent the Blnghampton slaughter? Will the Investigation of tbat occurrence prevent any
others of like nature? Of what use
are Investigations If .they prevent
It would be far better If "no commission were appointed to investigate." The people would then. have
an opportunity to see the thing ln all
Its hldeousness. As It Is, responsibility Is shouldered on to a commission, which makes certain reports,
and the matter is forgotten. No
changes arc made, as is proven by
constantly recurring disasters in
which workers by the hundred are
The fact should be fairly well driven
into the heads of all workers by thia
time thst no chsnges will ever be
made looking for their safety, unless
they make them themselves. Surely
tires' score scarred and blackened
corpses constitute a snfflciently strong
Illustration that profits are inestimably greater ln the eyes ot employers than human Uvea. The saddest
part ot it is that the character-warping struggle for wages has forced the
workers themselves to think more of
the employers' profits .than their own
Of course the miserable ghoul, who
always tries to point the linger of
scorn at the workers by laying the
cause of the Are to to a smoker. Is
already abroad.
The employer who draws profits
from a factory that can be set on fire
by a cigarette and destroyed In thirty
minutes, without giving the occupants
a chance tor their lives. Is a tacit murderer. There are plenty of methods
snd appllsnces which, while they mar
not prevent Ures sltogsther, do prevent them spreading with the almost
explosive rapidity of such Ires as that
which occurred at Blnghampton, N. Y.
Let us* hope tbat wage-workers in
general will get their mi of such "so-
cidents" eventually and take matters
ln their own bends. Then, and then
only, will something In the nature of
adequate protection of life be undertaken,
"The Stars and Stripes stand" for
lsw snd order," said Sserstary of the
U. 8. Navy Daniels at Seattle. A statement which waa Immediately Illustrated by a mob of drunken sailors
who, with ths connivance of their offlcen snd the city -police, and decorated with the said Stars and Stripes,
proceeded to wreck the ofAoes and
halls of the soolallst party and the
I. W. W.
The Illustration wss peculiarly apt
when It is considered that socialists
snd Industrial Workers sre commonly
supposed to be all rioters st heart,
Perhaps they are, too, If the definition of "riot" be subjected to modern
Ons dictionary definition ot "riot"
Is "disturbance of the public peace hy
mora than three persons." According to this, a disturbance by more
thsn three hundred would appear to
be ns mean riot; but tbe definition Is
Incorrect, by reason of the constant
changes to which terminology is subject.
According to a high ofllctal of the
United States, whose ststement must
be accepted aa authoritative, "the
Stars and Stripes stand for law and
order." In which case, sny mob, If lt
entries the Stars and Stripes, and acts
with the sanction of men pledged to
the support ot thst flag, must of necessity bs engaged In upholding lsw and
Tbe howling gang of drunks trom
the U. S. Navy, then, which wrecked
the property of peaceable citlsens ln
Seattle, wss really on an orderly and
lawful mission. Particularly Is this
borne out by the attitude ot the police,
sworn defenders of the public peace,
who stood by and watchsd the "good
work" go on.
Now that a riot Is no longer what
It used to be, wbat does tbe word
mean? Judging by the actions of the
police, tbe army, and the offlclsls ot
the government In recent occurrences
"across tbe line, s riot is "an assembly of three or mors helpless snd
hsrmless looking persons who are not
Democrats and can therefore be,accused of anything. Must be unarmed
snd Incapable ot Inflicting Injury on
police." /
Tbe Intimation ln these lines that
the Seattle mob was Intoxicated may
be partially Incorrect. Tbey msy not
all have been drunk. But let us be
charitable and conclude that - they
were. It Is fitting thst tbe seal of
John Barleycorn should be. on the
frolicsome brand of law and order approved by Secretary Daniels, but
which a large number of Seattle oltt-
tens are begging to be sllowed to for
The union label Is ths best guar-
sntee of t decent minimum wsge. Demand It on all products!
"To secure to esch laborer the whole
nrcduct of his lsbor, or as nearly as
postlbls, ta a worthy object of any
rood government." — Abraham Un.
Chlness, negroes and ons or two
other nationalities that we hate to
mention, aew constitute the force operating, tbe mines st Cumberland. A
credit to Dlok's "White B. C."
An ambassador Is a man who goes
abrosd to lie for the god of hts country. A Journsllst Is a man who stays
st home to pursue the ssme vocation.
—Dr. S. Johnson.
There never will be a lasting settlement of disputes In ths cosl fields of
B. C. until the government itself owns
and operates coal mines, selling coal
at tbe cost of production, etter decent
wsges snd ssfe conditions are guar
anteed to the employees.
On July 1st mora thsn 12(6,000,000
In the United Slates, in dividends and
Interest were mailed by railroads, In
dustrlsl compsnles and other corpor,
atlons to stock and bond-holders
"living sll over the world," The published figures do not state the number of persons who were made to
aml|p nn this "dividend day" all over
the world,—The People.
Perhaps some lesrned Judge csn ex.
plain why so msny men see walking
about at the present time looking for
ths opportunity of getting somebody
to give tbem a Job if they have a right
to work. Seems to us to be. seme-
thing wrong somewhere. If we hsve
a rlsht to It why don't ths government give us the protection of the
laws of the country snd sss that we
have every opportunity of exercising
our rights.—"Wprklng Card" In Begins Leader.
of t
ss a
of J
Is gl
In 1
ln 11
to ei
old a
the 8
1, 19
of Shi
and i
on at
The miners' unions on Vsncouver
Islsnd have repeatedly expressed s
willingness to meet the coal operators'
representatives with a view to bring.
Ing about an honorable settlement of
the present strike. But the cosl barons have simply told Minister of Labor Crothers to keep hie hands off snd
bis nose out of their business. A
"business" msde possible, by the way
hy government-granted privileges snd
nrotectlon and the workmen who do
the sctual coal digging.
So a brother of Hon. W. J. Bowser
hss been named as chairman of the
Oreater Vancouver Sewerage Commission, at $6000 a 'year, while Aid,
Crowe, ss a member of tbe board,
more eminently qualified and fitted
for" such a Job, will receive 1600 a
year. Qylte true, there were other applications by competent men, but the
Bowser family haa ths pull on any
"surplus" going.
'It Is no longer Immortal to work oh
Sundsys.   Everyone knows that.  Yet
fair r
took c
that I
fair n
end If
Is ent
will hi
be trli
that c:
that II
that pi
can w
end o:
fore si
 "- ''*-' I   a»     J u   i[.iy^isy«wif»|»»**»»'
'•£«■*■'>'     *"*"
>—— ~~~atara*m; ___\\ Prices in Oamp
Kooonnt; Hoopital Fees But No -
_Katt_\tsml Attention.
Have you ever tolled In camp with
nsiaav bunch of railroad "■tlfXa"T Only
mt,*iao»o wbo have done lt can know now
rallMa*-«* tbeir lire la and bow 111 paid for
''"ttsalr labor. Tbey eauna a stake of a
nit iturttired dollar*, perhaps leu, after
wastry -work away from
or,  _____    	
""ctvllliatlon and they bike lt to tbe'elty
™for ta. round of pleaanre and debauch-
lle as—jr.      They au-e a vdusb, etoltd class of
, workers,  bat  tbey are atraighter than
"some well-groomsd, smooth-tongued
eei—»—■■—• yon meet In ebureb on Sunday
'""whoao only reason for being tbere.la
"■Ub i oan met ttat "reepeotable."
"I Do grots know bow theae men are
''"treated  when   In  camp  and bow little
■"cbance they have of as fair deal?   "Well,
o i-m  ten yon. s      ,
me .   The    camps   are   rough   In- construe--
hefclo«n,  wood and canvas, and eaeh bunk-
;n%oniae   holds   from  forty to fifty men.
lonEPorty     Co    fifty    men    confined   In   one
o bunk-house . 35x18.     "Who  said  aanlta-
c bloxaT     The bell goes st 6 am. and the
keinaen   turn   out  and  wash.    There's no
>«*lueBtions asked, where la my socks or
kelomderclotblns. for theae articles are on   does ltT   Doean't aound the ssme at
tsttbse»nra.      About  «:20 am. the bell goes   all, doea ltT  Thia la the common end-
Bditor B, 0. Fe-ara-onlat:—"A
great crista In tbo evolution of civilization Is approaching, which holds many
pregnant possibilities tor the leading
nations of the world. . :.".■ Th»oom>
Ing of the crisis la Unmistakably Indicated by tbe Labor unroot In all countries. In spits), of the much-heralded
prosperity. Ther* Is prosperity, according to statistics, but lt la unfairly
distributed. Tbe already rich are getting too big a ahare of It,-and the
working claaaas too little."
Tbat sounds good, doean't It? The
real; human. Intelligent, talrdeallng
rlngT  • ":r-
Thla ls-tbs Und of dope the eastern
papera ar* printing In regard to their
interviews with the alnteter of labor.
Looks as' if we might escape some
trouble and serious times If we had
only a few man like that, Ooeon't ltt
But listen to wbat follows next la
these Interviews:
"But dont Infer from thia that I am
ln favor of any doctrine for a limitation of tbe opportunities tor acquiring wealth."
Doean't aound quite ao food now,
tor      breakfast.     Vou    don't    have   to
■Worry about your menu. Ton oan bet
>>c tggs and nana or bacon -won't be part
> n»f it- In an 'orderly manner tbe men
f. Wit down to table and placing the gram-
Pe<lte plate and cup (saucers are obse-
'gtt<ete> before tbem make a choice be-
Id'tween "mush," potatoes (left from yes-
>r terdsuy's dinner), beef (re-stewed) and
oteroad. butter and tea. Oh. yon get
sey-oaar fill all rlsht: sand you stay filled-
loifor caulte a -wblle. But If you're an
"0 iplcure or used to a fancy diet, Ood
lattnelg*   you.
*P«" If - It's a dry day you'll get luncb
i drought out to you providing the work
iene a- Ions distance from camp. And
lunch. Coh ye soda and little fishes I)
d. 'a made from tea. bbread, butter, beans
ind    jam.      Tou   may set pie  and you
Wnay snot. Then, -when you get through
rletor -the day you get dinner. Dinner
istla breakfast wltb "mush" left out.
' a Ton pay Se.OO for thla and you may
st iave to pay mora ln some places. I
id lon't kno-w -whether a cook's Job is a
id ilnch eo far as labor'* concerned, but
rert'a aa. certainty you don't need to
(btnow    much   about   cooking  in  a  rsUl-
D-oetd -camp.
re The poor "stiff" -who needs a blanket
it t>r ta. pair of boots cam make up his
e bind to work a -week for tbem. Even
ndihe tobacco costs more in camp than
heit   does  In town.
ly I know a men who -worked seven
(ireeksfor twenty-one dollars. He was
ipppvltb "Welch's outfit on the P- O. B.
sn I know another man -who started In
sadhe last day of one month and quit on
irtihe aecond day of the next and was
r. 'help up" for two dollars for hospital
rce Ob. Canada! Canada!
idli Tbe sharks In town charge a dollar
wnor these jobs; the fare costs another
e (o Newport, for Instance, and tbe
'e stiff" -walks from fourteen to twentymo   miles from  Newport to camp.    It's
' l   ccreat  life. Isn't ltT
a. t And yet the people of this country
uglllow the suckers who govern us aad
ireraake the laws -which bind us to go ln
'Uglxne and aralu to complete the mess
neitarted by the other party. They al-
m 9-w   these   parasites  -who  run employ-
. sent   bureaus   ln  Vancouver and elsewhere    to   live   In   luxury   and   comfort
lanrhlle  thev themselves bave got to pay
thor tbe rljrttt to work. And they boast,
w tie Canadian does, that he's a great
>Vm.ce and Canada a great country. Af-
II ter   bell,  yes.
a l R. KINK.
5-778 Homer Street, City.
Letter Carriers—and the Future.
smi Tbe last meeting of the Letter Car-
jjftere -was largely taken up discussing
i0f*e various proposals' that make up
■lyae bill of fare at the bi-annual con-
Lention which opens for business at 10
,,m. August 29th. at "Winnipeg. Sev-
,. real clauses ln the agenda were left
ver    to    tbe   next   regular   meeting on
•rlday, August lat, at Labor Temple.
)uta  this  -will be our last opportunity for
"jvo years of Issuing our instructions
JJV tbe delegates lt behooves every car-
S,er who Is Interested tn tbe slse of his
,,ieal tlcacet to be there and "make a
'"LSlse like a. men." Governments are
F jaay Institutions, and lt is too much
j.'>r us to expect them to call around
; >d ssak us if we need more pay, etc.
neither can we expect tt to take much
'  Mice    of   those   who   by   their  silence
I _d Indifference ahow a lack of inter-
te\t. In themselves and the service to
■  bleb   they   belong.     If lt la against a
can's principles to belong to an aaso-
""ation. It must needs be against his
. Hnclple* also to accept concessions
'"lined    through   organization.     But  as
II ich and all receive these benefits we
9 lould all as a matter of fair play, be
!e 1111ns to do our ahare in obtaining
y [eae   benefits.
i si if a member Is so situated that he
snnnot attend regularly (and there are
eJ,ry few of us who cannot if we wish
'"'>, a. -word of advice and encourage-
i'bnt goes a long way toward cement-
N»K     feelings    of    good   fellowship   and
"aternlty  ln  the organisation.
I. The     department    has    shown   Itself
'"sdy   to  act  in  s fair and even gener-
,.m     manner    In   ell   mattera   that   we
L-ve hitherto brought before them.
"The time of service taken to reach
Bn<3 maximum grade haa been reduced
"im alac to three yeara. straw hats and
i >tht coats have been provided for the
hliVt weather, and the uncomfortable
Wits have been discarded. Three
"Valght weeks' vacation each year,
c ith pay. Instead of two, la now the
it nr. T .wet, but not leaat, an Increase
h I 25c per day ban been added to each
istade. -which, while not aa much as
is (any of us wished to get, I know lt
t o>ans      the     difference    between   slow
irvatlon   and   en  existence.
Mothlng Is too good for the man who
,plt>rks. and while we may not all be
IgJsseBsed of the same abilities, yet
_iien    every   man   givea  to  the service
,» best that is in him he is entitled
be great drawback of the present
j,y la the fact tbat tbe purchasing
, <ver of our wages ahows but slight
...srea.ee. According to government
'..tietlca. the cost of living during the
,, it ten years has gone up 87%. That
:., to say, that at tbe present time
I37 only purchases the same amount
.    tl.OO   did   ten   yeara ago.
Ven years ago the maximum pay for
. "etter carrier in the West was $2.50
h\Say; 37% of $2.50 is 92V4' cents;
" yat cents added to $2.50 make $3.42%.
?a| that a man -who receives $3.42 H
"lay Is no better off than one who
f'leived $2.CO ten years ago. We are
WIW receiving S3.50 a day aa a maxl-
°'im, -which is just 7Vfc cents more in
' "rchasing power per day than ten
»irs ago, and a further Increase of
hei f _ tbe cost of living would wipe
■eia   difference  out.     Nut sed.
U-dolng." W.   A.   8.
Ing ot tbe attempt of a man of hts
class to show how keenly ho suffers
because of the universal injustloe to
the man wbo produces the wealth et
the world.
He starts out bravely to tell of the
causes of the "terrible unrest and the
crisis In tbe evolution of civilisation."
But be la never able to get beyond
that point,'-a point to which even the
blindest and moat class conscious
plutocrat witTgo along; with him. No
body now trios to deny theae killing
conditions, or the distressing Injustice.
Tbe wbol% world; agrees upon that
now. It la whep the remedy Is proposed that there la a parting ot, the
ways. All agree that conditions sre
wrong all over the world; all .agree
that they cannot laat, and all agree
that tbey soon will be changed. But
tbey want to change them by letting
them" stand Just as they are.
The minister of labor, one supposes,
has got a good, remunerative Job aa It
la; why ahould he want a change, Injustice or no Injustice to the man who
Forgetting for a moment that there
Is no such condition aa "a crisis in evolution," the feature of these Interviews that strikes one who haa eyes
to see, end ears to bear, Is that this
minister and others of his class refuse to aee tbat lt la themselves who
are forcing thie terrible unrest snd
crisis, not in evolution, but In our
social, political, industrial and economic structure aa It stands.
The remedy will not come In the
shape of anything the exploiting class
will give to the exploited. The exploiters never give enough to do any good.
They call lt reform, but tt Is merely a
small, temporary patch upon the economic body that doeen't stick.
The remedy for tbe Injustice snd
the Buffering will be exactly what the
exploited onea are atrong enough to
take. It will never be offered to tbem.
They must take It, and they'll get only
what they are strong enough to take.
The remedy will never come from
abovo, but below. The remedy will
come from where the suffering exists,
and where the Injustice does Its work.
Thst fa below, not above.
The unrest Is just the exploited
making up their minds to take It.
When they get tt figured out they will
take what belongs to them because
they create it. Not until they have decided what they want, and how to get
lt, will the exploited get real life, liberty and happiness.
When they do, they'll get all that
belongs to them.   But they wilt have
to take lt, for It will never be offered.
Tbe exploiters agree that Injustice
Is being done, but they'll fight to the
bitter end to maintain that injustice.
It does not hurt them.
With    Indebtedness    to    Connell's
"Workers of England," I give, I give
you an extract slightly altered:
Workers of Canada, why crouch ye
like cravens? Why clutch sn existence of insult and want? Why stand
to be plucked by an army of ravens, or
hoodwinked forever by twaddle and
cant? Think on the wrongs ye bear.
Think of the rage ye wear, Think of
the Insults endured from your birth
TolHnsr ln enow and rain, Rearing up
heaps of grain. All for the tyrants who
erind you to earth. Tour brains are as
keen oa the bralnn of your masters,
Tn swiftness and strength ye surpass
them by for; ye've breve hearts to
tparh you to laugh at disasters: Te
vastly outnumber your tyrants by far.
Why then, like cowards stand, Using
not brain or hand. Thankful like dogs
when they throw you a bone? Whst
rierht have they to take Things thst ye
toll to make? Knew ye not workers
that ALL Is your own? Rise ln your
might,'brothere, bear It no longer; As.
semble In masses thoughout the whole
land: Show these Incapables who sre
the stronger, When jrorkers and Idlers
confronted shall stand. Thro' castle,
court and hall, Over their acres all,
Onward we'll press like the waves of
the sea, Claiming the wealth we've
mode. Ending the spoilers trade; Labor ahall triumph and the country be
Nanalmo, B. C.
Saskatoon's Street Rallwsy
In the sixth month of Its operation,
the Saskatoon municipal street railway la about to show an aggregate
surplus of $1,700. The receipts per
enr mile were 28.91 cents and the expenditures 24.20,
Twin City Visitor Here.
A. H. Dennis, accompanied by Mrs.
Dennis, of Fort William, was a visitor
on the coast this week, and paid The
Fed. a fraternal call. Dr. Dennis is a
member of the Musicians' Union In the
Twin Cities and was a member of tbe
city council last year on the labor
ticket. Mr. and Mrs. Dennis left for
home on Wednesday.
Royal City Electrical Workers.
Local Union No. 558 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers New Westminster, has elect
ed officers for the ensuing term, as
follows: President, R. C. Harker; vice-
president, O. O. Davis; recording-sec-
retary. R. P. Morris; flnanclal secretary. B. W. Sherwood, 403 Ninth St..
treasurer, Tom Rennle (of lacrosse
fame!; business agents, tbe entire
membership of 76. The union meets
every Thursday, 8 n. m., at Labor
Temple, corner Royal Ave., and Seventh street. . And the Royal City
"rough necks" are always ready to
help "the best labor paper In B. C,"
as The Fed'a mailing list bears witness.
After Holidays Are Ovi
You will undoubtedly ask yourself the qneirtiott,
Whew CuIG<^SoffleFt«etit^EA|arttaaw&ieb
will be of actual value to me in Dollars and Cents?
^Vancouver Business
Institute, Ltd.
886 Hatting-Stnrt West
has courses which will prove beneficial
to you, whether you've succeeded on your
recent examination or not, A beautiful
prospectus will be sent for the ashing,
tet tbe largest school in Westaro Canada come to your assistance as it has to -
thousands of others.
wish to announce that Mr. Frank*,
lin and members of bis orchestra
ate not members of tbe Musicians
Union. Wben engaging music for
your next dance or social, make
sure that your Orchestra is composed of UNION musicians.
Per full iaferaattea Phons Musicians' Doles
Sey. 7(16.  f       ""
your SUMMER suit
Should be Tailor-made end made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select (mm
Csrser Heasr ssd Duma Sum
We've picked winners in Men's Fall Shoee. We're at the servioe
of every man who desires the best shoes his money can buy.
Opposite the City Hsll
Named Shows Ar* Irsquentl?
Mads in Non-Union Factories
no matter what lta name, unless it bears a
plain and rsadable Impression of this Stsmp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp ere
always Non-Union.    .
Boot fA Show Workers' Union
246 Summer Strsst, Boston, Msss.
J. F. Tobln, Prss.    C. L. Bains, sec-Tress.
Get Your Money's Worth
_-. c   0^H „>iV\.W '    c"
UfST   IN B  C C M-.y^
This Beer Is
Pure Beer
and every drop is clean.
It is just the beverage
you need to serve on
your table at this time
of the year. It provides real nourishment
while quenching the
thirst. Get a dozen
right now for your
home table.
FBIDAT....... ...„.;„....JtH,T K, Ull
Overalls and Gloves
We carry a good atook ot Carhartt Overalls, blue,
blaok and striped - ?!•??
Kentucky Jean
Buck Brand Overalls ■
Carhartt Gauntlets, 81.60
H. B. E. Gauntlets, 75o to-
sos-ie asstiafs at w.
T«i. an. ws
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phono 3822
Co. t. MeCnsasa
A. M. Hirptr
McCrossan &
Offices: 52-38 Imperial Block
. Vsncouver, B. c. -
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Steam Heated—Phone In Every
Room—Elevator   Services;   Bath
and Shower Baths on all moors,
120   ROOMS:   60  ROOMS  WITH
auspeaa Hss, SLOO Mr Bar. Vp.
Up-to-Date    First-class    Dlnlnt
Room and Cafe In Connection
■ eae nnu at. w.
wbrz a rassEMii
For Reliable Watches
• Go to
hit amaata—tat' at.
Call and as* Ws,
s.». K*awa*
>swly-aiBetBd   Heater  of  Tueonver
Wades aad labor OonaoU aaeoatlve
.«•   from   amain.
tat ft—•
;30,1,1:30,2 p.m.
To Ba Followed By tha Formation
of Bniinest Agents' Board for
More Effective Results.
For tne past two years Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council has had no
permanent paid business agent. It
should hsve one, The Building Trades
Council Is lust recovering from the setback of two years ago when a general
strike took piece in tbe building
trades. For over a year lt haa had
no agent ln the Meld. Lest week the
Building Trades Council appointed
a committee of three to ssk for and
meet a similar committee from the
central lsbor body, to discuss ways
snd means of paying an agent, between the two bodies, if necesssry.
That some arrangement of the Und
Is necesssry Is patent to every officer
of a union round Leber Temple. Next
to a central labor body business sgent
the formation of a business agents'
board demands the sttentlon of unionists. In this connection the Toledo
Union Leader says:
Toledo   business   agents   sre
holding weekly conferences In C.
L. V. hall, every Monday morn.
Ing.   The only permanent ofllce
Is secretary, which is.filled by
Miss Pangel, business agent of
the Waitresses' union.   A chair
man is alerted every meeting.
The purpose of thsss gatherings
Is to gst in closer touch with at- .
fairs throughout the city.   The
businsss   agents   show   that by
these informal gatherings Information of Interest   to organised
labor la secured, that would be
Impossible    If   these   unionists
worked SB Individuals.   The meetings are also developing a spirit
ot "pulling together" thst will ben-
eflt all, and the business agents
urge locals to encourage this policy.   These meetings   are open.
There Is little attention paid to
rules of order, snd no set program
Is followed.   The plan Is to exchange   Ideas   and Information.
Any unionist Is Invited to be present ^
For a few months in 1911 the business agents ot vsncouvsr held similar
meetings, with good results, chief of
whioh wss an Interchange of knowL
edge as te what ground each agent
waa covering, thus preventing a great
deal ot overlapping and a saving ln
time and oftlmes annoyance to employers.  But It went up with the '11
balloon ascension, and, like a number
of building trades unions, Is only now
getUng back to earth.
Like the "boomer" who declared he
never missed a meal, merely postponed them, the unions of Vancouver
must make up for lost time snd not
only maintain present working Condi,
tlons snd wsges, but prepare for further demands, to meet the upward tendency of prices with a consequent
decrease ltt the purchasing power of
The logical man to organise and
assist ln the direction of such a
board should be the central labor body
agent. And by virtue of the ofllce
he should bs at all times raady and
able to meet public men and attend
the meetings of public and semi-public bodies, such ss ths city council,
school board, psrk commlaloners,
board of trade, publicity clubs and
whatnot, .
If financially pnslble the Trsdes snd
Lsbor Council should make sn effort
to place a live and capable businsss
agent on the Job. It Is not enough
tbat Vancouver unionists should possess the finest Ubor Temple In Canada. Thst project was only a mesns
tn nn end. Let the balance of Labor's programme be now undertaken,
nnd that without further delay.
They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary ssfety
dsserve neither liberty nor safety.—
Benjamin Franklin,
Having occasion to be in the city ot
Nanaimo and having read,-In the columns of the Nanalmo Herald, letters
written by a person named Tully
Boyce, said letters having apparently
been written with a view to creating
dissension amongst the striking miners, I deemed it advisable to make a
few Inquiries ss to the author of the
The letters have been appearing for
some time, and consist in the main of
attacks upon the V. M. W. of A, and
the offlclsls of that organisation present ln this district. They are charged
with everything under the sun, trom
being ln league with the Washington
cosl operators to befooling the miners
of Vancouver Island, .,
I hold no brief for the U. M. W, of A.
or Its officers, but as a member of the
proletariat I know that any person
who tries to prevent solidarity among
that olsss during any Industrial Strug,
gls for better conditions Is an enemy
to them and Is therefore my enemy,
For that reason I sought Information
as to this man Boyce and I received
I have always held the opinion thst
whenever a person accuses another of
some disgraceful action without having proof of the ssme, that person la
capable of doing that of which he accuses the other. As to whether or not
my view Is correct I leave you to Judge
after reading the story whloh the
sound waves of Vsncouvsr Island car-
rled to my brain.
Some twenty-three or twenty-four
years ago there was keen competition
ln the cosl msrket between Dunsmuir,
owning tbe Wellington mines, snd the
Vancouver-Nanalmo cosl company,
owning the Nanaimo and Northfleld
Dunsmuir held the market, the Wellington mines were working full time;
the Nanalmo mines three dsys per
The Wellington camp was at that
time the best oo the Islsnd from the
viewpoint of the miners. Toe Knights
of Labor hsd a local union In the district.
Three or four men came Into Camp
from the U. S. side, one was a man ot
fine presence snd no mean oratorical
Shortly, after the arrival of these
men, what Is known among ths old
miners as the "Pillar" strike was
called. (It Is whispered thst the manager of the Northfleld mine, Sam Rob-
bins, had recognised tbe material for a
good tool in the person of the orator,)
During the strike the sforesatd orator mounted one oi the dumps and
said: "I thank Ood I am not ons of
yousel I sm an American citlsen; If
I wsb British I would scrape Into s
bole snd pull lt ln after met"
After the strike wss settled the
orator and some of his confreres moved to Nanalmo, being refused work at
Wellington, This, however, seemed to
be expected for he received the reward of being appointed company
welghman by the manager of the
Northfleld mine, Incidentally, lt la
rumored that he was the first weigh-
msn In that district upon whom It was
necessary to keep s check.
About this tlms the Knlgbts or Labor was dropped and an organisation
formed entitled the "Miners and Mine
Laborers' Protective Association," of
wblch cur Hero was a prominent officer.
An agitation was commenced at
Wellington for an eight-hour day, bank
to bank, and during the agitation, Rumor, that fickle Jade, bas It that Sam
Robbtns ssld to his welghman, the
place being the engine-house at North-
field, "If you don't bring It off soon
we'll have to come down to two days
a week."
Our hero, who was prssldent of the
union, goes down to Wellington and
held a meeting, In which tt wss decided to demsnd eight hours, from
bank to bank, snd recognition of the
union, despite tbe fact - that at this
time Nsnalmo was working 10H
hours.   —
During the meeting, howeyer, a man
named Ryan got on the dump and
said, referring to our orator, "Men, I've
known this man back ln Pennsylvania
and In mining camps all ever the
States and he never was in one thst
he waa not chased out of."
Wellington came out on strike. Ns
nalmo Immediately became prosper,
one.. Ths mines now commenced to
wort; full time; everything wss lovely
in Nanalmo, but people were losing
thslr homes ln Wellington,
Some ot the are-bosses at Wellington remained at Work. One ot them
was met coming from work and offered
|100 If he would quit
Strike-breakers were being brought
Into Wellington aad tbe miners became uneasy.
It wss then decided to send a man
down to San Francisco to Institute a
boycott on Wellington coal. Tom Salmon was the man. He reported that
It was impossible to Institute a boycott owing to the demand.
He came back and a msn nsmed Edwards was sent down, with Instructions to communicate wltb Nanalmo
every wees. Months passed by and no
communications were received. Edwards wss at length recalled and on
his return called s public meeting, st
which hs stated he had mailed and
registered a lstter every week during
the time he had been In San Francisco.
After tbe strike was ssttled, sfter
the homes In Wellington hsd been
broken up, the Nsnalmo miners suffered a reduction In wages.
We know that Tully Boyce wss one
of the lenders In ths "Pillar" strike!
We know thst hs wss very prominent In the aecond strike; therefore:
Csn It be that he, the highly-respected citlsen and member ot the Nsnslmo
J.  O. DATEDSOW     ,
As old-Urns active meatier of tke -
ramated  to-.tr of Oarauten
Joiners, sad resident of Vaaaosve
At the regular meeting on the 16th of
July the central body elected offlcen* and
Standing committees for tho next six
The election resulted as follows:
Preaident, Frank J. Perrott of the Painters and Decorators No. 6; vice-president,
Christian siverts of the Letter Carriers
No. 11; recording and corresponding aeeretary, Tlioo. H. Norrls of the Palntera
and Decorators No. 6; flnanolal secretary,
J. Day of- the Plumbers and Steamfltters
No. 842; treasurer, Oeo. H. Tlbbitta of
the Journeymen  Tailors No.   142;  fler-
eeant-at-arms,    A.    A.    Walker of the
nlted    Brotherhood    Carpenten    and
Jolnera'Na 1848,
Executive.—President, vice-president
and recording and corresponding secretary; also- the following elected: J.
Marsh, W. Shellds, T. Parkinson and P.
Finance and Audit—S. Thompson, A.
A. Walker, J. Milne, A. Tree and J.
Press.—D. Taylor, S. O'Fard, Christian
Siverts, J. L. Martin and J. Marsh.
Organisation.—J. Day, A. Moriarlty, 8.
Dykeman and F. .Walburton.
Legislative.—J. L. Martin, J. Day, 8.
Thompson, F. w. Smith and ChMaltan
J. L, Martin and J. Day were appointed
as a special committee to attend meetings of the city council and to report on
subjects of Interests to labor.
The Btatement on the condition of unemployment and Immigration, Issued by
the executive council of the Trades and
Labor Congress, waa read and endorsed.
The aeeretary was directed to protest
to the carnival commltte* agalnsr work
being done by non-union men and at pay
leas than the standard union wage, aa
well as demanding explanation from the
directors of the Jubilee Hospital, why
-painting work In that Institution la be-
.ng done by non-union men at 13.00 per
lay, wh^n the standard wage of a painter
The council wants to know on what
Srounds the provincial government saw
t to Ignore the request made for representation on the hospital board, and accordingly instructed the • aeeretary to
make the necessary inquiry.
. Del. Siverts reported regarding the demonstration of tne unemployed In North
Ward Park On Sunday, the 27th, at 2:80.
Among the speakers will be Parker Williams, M.P.P„ the president of the Trades
Council, J. ii. Martin, J. Day, P. Har-
rower and others. As the executive of
the British Columbia Federation of Labor meets ln Vlotoria that day, and several, of the members, IncludlngBecretary
Mldgley, J. Kavanagh and A. watchmen,
a good turnout Is expected.
C. 8.
Speeial Provlnclsl Pollcsmsn Ksllsm
Threatens to Drill Striking Miners
for Trespassing on C.P.R,
On Monday evening, Juy 21, ss three
of the miners on strike at South Wellington were walking up the track
leading to the depot, they were met
by Special Policeman Klllam and one
The miners passed the time of day,
but received no answer from the gusr-
diana of ths law and property.
Upon being asked why he did not
return the courtesy Klllam, who is
well known to the miners, Is reported
to hsve grabbed hts gun and threatened to drill the questioner full of holes,
If he caught him roaming around ths
tracks. ,
Klllam Is one of the special provincial police placed In the district since
the strike wss called on May 1st.
Joseph Gilbert, editor of the Seattle
Herald, will speak In the Dominion
theatre, under the auspices of the
E. D. P. °f ^eaMs, on d n   y Bll 9:matm wuu ,mllmlw m uw iiminnno
_*-K&au2^__£2* Club who was so.dl.loysl a, to say
Cure of Hard Times In Vancouver."
(By a Gentleman Earning 112.60 the
A strike Is a low thing, conducted
by a lot ot common laboring men.
When they want their wages raised
tbey leave the shops In a body to
lounge at the nearest corners so that
wben some honest msn goes to the
factory looking for work they can
crack him over the head.
Now, Isn't that simply unsnssk-
Do you ever catch us standing at
the office door with a club, or throwing names or brlokbatsT
No, sir, When our time comes to
demand something, we throw back
our shoulders, and walk down to the
boss' room and say we wsnt a raise.
And tf he doesn't give lt to us we
go right back to work without another
How much nicer that Is than to
make trouble for all sorts of people,
But if you should try to show laboring
men the advantage of our way, tbey
would simply laugh and ba, ha.
But, then, they don't know any bet-
I tor.—Bakers' Journal.
tbat lt he "was British he would crawl
Into a hole and pull tt In after him"?
Can It be that a deal was framed up
I to pull out Wellington In order to
benefit tbe Nanalmo mine owners snd
that hs wss connected with lt?
Is he the man whom Ryan said had
been chased out of every camp be hsd
been ln?
Is be acquainted with the man who
offered the fire-boss $100 to quit his
Is he the orator who got the weigh-
man's Job as a reward? .
If so, was It him. wltb. whom the
managers of the Northfleld mine was
conversing In the engine house?
Is It true that he Is the man whom
Edwards, at a public meeting, accused
of withholding the letters which he,
Edwards, had been sending tram San
Is lt true that he advised the mem
bers of his union to accept tho reduc
tlon In wages?
Aak Tully Boyce!
We do know that It was owing to
the Incompetency of a Are-boss, granted a certificate at a meeting of the
examining board called by Tully
Boyce after the strike ot May 1st, 1913,
wa scslled, that waa responsible for
some men being injured ln an explosion st Cumberland.
Harry Olbb, chairman of the Labor
Day committee at New Westminster,
waa In the city yesterday, conferring
wltb members ot the local centre! labor body Labor Day committee, with
a view to thorough cooperation, A
meeting of the New Westminster com.
mittee will be held on Sunday, Aug.
3rd, 8 p.m., and the Vancouver committee baa been Invited to attend.
Dlstriot 18, U. M. W. ef A. Elections
Elections for tbe position ot vice-
president snd secretary-treasurer ot
District 18, United Mine Workers of
Amerlcs, took place on Wednesday.
The candidates:
For vice-president: H, Elmer,
Michel; Wm. Graham, Coleman; T, G.
Harries, Paasburg; J. O. Jones, Hill-
crest (for re-election); Robt. Levitt
Bellevue, and F. Wheatley, Bankhead.
For seoretary-tressurer: T. W.
Brown, Michel; A. J. Carter, Fernle
(for re-election); T, France,. Coal
Creek; D. H, Hyslop, Coleman.
Men ln earnest have no time to
waste in patching fig leaves for the
naked truth.—Lowell,
If you have a range to buy,
choose our
Malleable Rapge
' It is the only range that gives absolute
satisfaction. Everybody who exaniines the
Empress Range is most favorably impressed
with it. Everybody who has used aa Empress Range says it is absolutely satisfactory.
The body of the Empress is made of No.
18 guage polished steel. The steel will not
rust, chip, peel or turn white when heated.
It will not warp or crack. Hand-driven Norway iron rivets with cone heads hold the
walls securely and firmly in place.
No expense has been spared in making
a durable, long lasting range that will give
perfect satisfaction. Buy no other range
until you have seen the Empress Malleable.
We have it in four sizes, at these prices:
$67.50, $70.00. $72.00, $75.00
Hudson's Bay Stores
The Orpheum.
The lsrgest miniature circus ever
assembled for vaudeville will headline
the coming week's bill at the Orpheum,
when Max's Circus, with 10 of ths
leading circus artists of Europe and
two carloads of animals wtll be presented.
Charles W. Bowser and a competent
cast wtll present "The Watch," a dramatic tabloid.
Edison's talking pictures sre one of
the big hits on the bill snd for next
week there will be two new 'subjects,
one a dramatic and one a musical.
Are you tired of being poor?
-Have wages made you rich?
Are yon waiting for a change-
something to turn upT
Do you ever stoy to figure out hew
a labor paper pays the printer?
Western line railway'null clerks
are having a number of grievances
Investigated this week by the federal
comptroller, Mr. R. M. Armstrong,
With a Presbyterian church at Edmonton being built by scab labor aad
tbe Pope's guards on strike at Rome
tbere are joyous times In hell this
'Now thst Secretary Bryan's peace
plans have been approved by a number of the nations, sll thst remains to
be done Is to sse Who csn build the
biggest navy.—Wall Street Journal.
Kings and emperors are surprised
snd horrified when one of themselves
Is murdersd, and yet the whole of their
activities consists In managing nuns
der and preparing tor murder,—Tolstoy.
New Westminster unions havs decided to call upon Employment
Agenoy Inspector Qulnn to put a few
of the Royal City sharks on the oar
pet chief among them being one
Miller, who is shipping scabs to Vsncouver Island.
United States immigration officials
sre. authority for the statement that
during the past three months 10,000
people hsve let B. C. for points south
of the tariff line. Among these are
1,000 unionists, who, ln most cuss,
wcrs old-timers. All of which means
that real British Columbians refuse
to Hand for the reduction In their
standard of living, as the result ot
the government's. Immigration policy,
and have decided to leave tt to McBride's machine new-found friends,
With the convention of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada convening this yesr on Sept. 22, two
weeks later.than usual, lt should be
possible for many central labor bodies
to realise enough funds out ot Labor
Day celebrations to assist in paying
the expenses of delegates. The expense of ssndlng delegates from Western Canada to Montreal will be keenly felt In these "prosperous" times,
when men have difficulty In settling
with the corner grocery, let alone
paying dues and asssssmsnts, But si
that, every central labor body or union
which can possibly send delegates
should do so.
Of course there Is only one law ln
Canada for ths rich and poor alike.
A couple of "prominent" bank olerks
at Winnipeg defalcated with some
t4000 during the psst week, and here
Is the Assoclsted Press report. It
speaks for itself: "... Owing
to the prominence of the parties con-
cerned the whole affair has been kept
dark, the matter being kept out of the
hands of the police snd the invest!-
gatlon carried out and the arrests
msde by private detectives. A late report states tbat no prosecution will
be made, the families concerned having arranged tor restitution." Only
equals are equal before the law of this
or any other country.
Fhont Ssymour TMI        Dsy«r NUJht
110 llefcaids Street     Vancouver, B.C.
Wide-Awake Furniture
Company, Limited
Phone Seymour 3887
Cash or Easy
Go out Into tho hills around Wellington snd put your question to the
dead remetns of what once was olo
Wellington, Ask the character of this
"friend of the Working clsss,"—this
gentle soul who sorrows because he
fears ths miners of Vancouver Island
are being led astray; this valiant epos
tie of a "White" B. 0., who went to
work bossing Asiatics the morning after he was NOT elected.
Ask your questioners of the memories of the psst; the answer will not
disappoint you,
THE strike is still on at the
* Queen Mine and Silver
Dollar, at Sheep Creek, B. C.
men urged to stay
its strike Is settled.
AU workini
swsy until i
Obdm Tmib Miness' Union
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143  Haatinga Street West
Keep ln mind W. D. EVAN*
4 Co. It you want to exchange
Olty Property for a Farm or
Farm for City Property. We
have lots of listers and can offer
the best buys to be found In the
northwest See us. If we pleass
you tell others,' If wo do not,
tell us.
456 Seymour St
Berry Bros.
Agents for
Ths Bicycls with ths Reputation
Full   line  of   accessories
Repairs promptly executed
Phone Seymour 7608
Good and Reliable
Always to be bad at the
Imperial Wine
54 Cordova Street West-
Phone Set. 955
For All Occasions |
For yachting, motor boating,
tramping, camping, hunting, golfing, •ailing, fishing, touring, pick-
nicking, loafing or working.
T. B. Cuthbertson
MS Hastings W.  MO Oranvllle
<1I Hastings W.


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