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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 4, 1913

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FIFTH YEAB.    No. 104.
John *W. Bruce, writing to the B, C.(
Federationist-trota Sydney, N, 8„
whore be has personally Invsstlfated
conditions as they exist In the iron
and steel Industry In that locality,
—irlflee all the statements and charges
kde by the delegates from the Mat*
Jaa Provinces at the trades aad
•bor Congress ot Canada which con-
iened In Ouelph last September,
'base charges are so direct and of so|
candalout and shameful a character
hat It It difficult to see how tbe Dominion Government oan Ignore the
Gmand of the Congress to appoint a
mmlsslon and make a rigid aad
iearoblng enquiry Into luch .an Intolerable state of affairs.
Mr. Brae* states tbat it Is absolutely impossible to describe the situation
tbat actually exists, and that the degradation of the workers engsgod In
tbo Industry Is so complete that tbey
lead an existence worst than the lowest animals.
In order to keep the workers divided the policy of tho corporation is to
Import the most Ignorant class petit-
We, most of Whom cannot speak a
word ot English, and among the near
ly 6,000 employees tbe majority are
composed of Italians, Germans,
French, Polanders, Russians, Bohemians, Bulgarians, Greeks, Hunger,
rlans, Croclans, Ruthvenlans, Roumanians, Austriana, Newfoundlands
and negroes, forming such a polyglot;
mass existing under such conditions
of mutual distrust that lt la a later
Imposslblity to arrive at. any under
standing on the question of organisation, and.lt Is developing' a system
of slavery and misery tbat Is simply
unbelievable and Indescribable.
In open .violation of the Lord'! Day
Act tbeee people are worked seven
days every week, and oftlmes i3 hours
and more a day, few earning more
than 11.40 per day. They are herded
together In shacks that are indescribably filthy, tbere are rowt ot rooms
for men, mtaeeurlng about six feel
square, no conveniences, only room
for a stove and shake-down and theae
pill boxes rent at $4 per month,
Mr. Bruce states that at one home
he visited the breadwinner was lying
ill, ha had worked for tbe company
for years, and the highest wages he
had over received waa $1.40 per day.
Ha had a wife and six chlldrene, the
eldest 13 yeara of age and a cripple.
Thla family was practically starving
with not a particle Of food ln the place
and dire necessity had compelled them
to all live In the one room and they
were being kept warm by the beat of
a very small apology for a stove which
waa kept going by the scraps of fuel
that tha children were foreed to go
qut and gather up. The father had
been lying sick for three weeks, and
no efforts bad been made tb relieve
the distress ot his destitute family,
A moat reprehensible system ot espionage .Is maintained over, every
etranger who visits the-locality, tuvi
aay person known to favor a trade
onion la ebadowed by the company's
offlolals and detectives every boor ot
tha night and day. Many of ths work-
era, to curry favor with the foremen,
aupply them wltb Uquor, and It it a
ease of every man working against
hla fellow and seeking to undermine
him. '"'v- '■ •£:
The corporation maintains a to-
called mutual benefit society, the operation of whloh relieves them of the
liabilities they would otherwise incur
under the provisions of ths Nova
Scotia Workmen's Compensation Aot.
A study of the benefits paid Its sick
and injured workmen and Insurance to
widows and benellclar.es, according to
their own figures of the annual report
of 1912, demonstrates that the employees got mighty little assistance
trom the fund.
The Weil-Known Organiser Whs Tails
of Vile Conditions in Neva Scotia
During the year 661 cases were reported tor- sick benefits, but only lei
were silowed, Sixteen memben died
from natural .causes, and the total
amount .expended was $8,117.17. ln
the accident Insurance we nnd l,74v
(Continued on Page, lour.)
Prssentstion te R. A. Stoney.
At the isat meeting of the Typographical Union ot New Westminster,
a presentation wu made to "Dick"
Stoney as a testimony ot appreciation of his work on oehalf of tbe move-'
ment. Mr, Joseph Tyler presented Mr.
R. Stoney wltb a beautiful told locket,
with the union label engraved on one
side and on the other tbe Inscription:
"To R. A. Stoney, from New Westminster Typographical Union No. 683,
ior Faithful Service." Mr. Stoney responded feelingly to the words of the
president, and everyone felt that faithful services had been recognised, at
least, If not cOmmensumtely rewarded.
.- Like a Nice Coffin?
The coffin merger hit arrived. Seven companies have amalgamated under-the title of Dominion Ulanufaotur-
ers, Limited. Theee companies are the
Winnipeg' Casket Co., Winnipeg; the
Globe Casket Co., London, Ont; Bern-
mens and Evel, Hamilton; National
Casket Co., Toronto; Elliott and Sons,
Prescott, Ont; Uirard and Qodln,
Three Rivers, Que,; Christie Brothers,
Amherst, N. S. The trust Is seising
upon the abodes of the deed as well
as upon the life of the living.
Tbe good employe, as understood
by the employer, means that a man
must work for wbat he Is offered, be
glad that he can get It, and put up no
back talk.
Mandy—What fob yo been goto' to
de poet offlce so reg'lar t Are yo cor-
respondln' wif tome other female? .
Rastus—•Nope; but since ah been
a'readin' in de papers 'bout dese "conscience funds" ah kind o' thought ah
might possibly get a lettah from dat
nflnlstah what married us."—Life.
Men's Suits
Spring Wear
In tweeds and serges,
guaranteed indigo dye,
and guaranteed to retain
their shape. Made with
^single breasted sacque
ioat, with three button
front and the Bartlett
patent pocket, which prevent the coat sagging at
the side, and have the popularized seams and double
stitehed edges. Trousers
are medium peg-top style,
and have side buckle for
adjusting the waist measure. They represent the
greatest suit value ever offered.  Special for $15.00
Hudson's Bay Stores
W.J. Burns Supplies Spies to Kill Labor Organization
jew vm*
clivil.no Niwoftuataa
' MVHONO J.BU*Na,St«tTmu
.   J«"SSM.eie«,*T«.»t«
. AeoMoe all coMHuKisATieno unset re Aetnev
Marola It, 1911.
it. dsslr* to call your attantIon to our Industrial
Dspartnnt, wherein we maintain » eoapstent force of ejtper-
ienoed Operatives, oonprising av«r* nationality and oectlpa-
tiOh.■.'.'■; ■\
, ' ■    Our systam of inspeotJon and ohookiag of anployeai
mist certainly appeal to every business inn who desires to
secure the' most efficient service from them, and to know
whether they are honest, loyal and working together as one,
without friction, finally.attaining profits.
Agitators are a detriment to any business, and by
eliminating these, strikes and all:other labor troubles are\
controlled, prevented or reduced to a minimum.
By having a secret. s«-rvlpe operating in your plant,
you oan know just what is going on at all times, they mix
up with the employees, finding out just how they feel towards
their employers—just what their grievances are, If any.
They "being skilled, aqrutinlse the work and ears-
fully point out the defects, if any exist. They ln addition
to the information, furnish a good"day's work, thereby making the cost of the informationfurnished,comparatively
slight" to you*
Tou pay a large amount of money each year for Fire
Insurance, Employers' Liability Insurance, etc. Why not pay
a modeet premium to insure yourself against labor troubles?
Also to insure, yourself in favoir of efficiency?
Ho matter what you may have ln mind, we would be
pleased to take it up with you further, and respectfully ask
an interview for one of our representatives.
r ui Very truly fours,
-•   Interim Report Upon Dominion Leeglslstlon.
To the affiliated membership In the Dominion of Canada—Greeting:       -.
Gentlemen.—The following interim report on legislation before the Dominion Parliament Is submitted for
your Information as setting forth, In small degree, the matters engaging the attention of your Parliamentary
.   Publlo Bills affecting Labor, directly or Indirectly.
1. Eight Hour Bill.—(Hr. A. Verville, M. P.)
2. I. C. R. Acta—Providing for the payment of the total sum contributed by any employee to the Provident
Fund In the event ot his being discharged for political partisanship.   (Hon. Mr. Cochrane.) .
S.   Amendment to Lord's Dsy Act.—Providing tor the exemption ot the work of musicians in churches, church
,   parades, funerals, etc., from the meaning of the Act.  Also cooks and waiters In hotels and restaurants.   (Hr.
A. Verville, H.P.)
4. Amendment to Industrial Disputes Investigation Act.—By adding to Section 65 of the following subsection—This section shall not apply to any benefit paid or given by a trade union to a member thereof, or received fro.m auch union by such member.   (Mr. A. C. Macdonell, H, P.)
• 6.   Amendment to Dominion Elections Act—Providing for the limiting of each person to one vote, only,   (Mr.
Lancaster, M. P.)
8. Amendment to Railway Act—Providing for the non-compulsory payment by a municipality of any portion
of protecting a railway crossing within the limits of such municipality.   (Mr. Lancaster, M.P.)
7. Amendment to Railway Act—Providing for the payment ot damages by the. Railway Companies to any
one suffering loss resulting from the killing or injuring of sheep, cattle, etc., on the railway tracks by moving
trains,   (Hr. Melghen, M.P.)
84. Amendment to Dominion Elections Act.—To abolish the election deposit, or falling suoh, to permit of
the amount ot deposit required ln the elections of the different Provinces to apply in each Province to the Dominion elections.   (Hr, Burnham, M.P.) ——
ia Amendment to Dominion Elections Aot—To make It obligatory on the part of the employers to permit of
each employee taking the time from 12 o'clock noon till 2 o'clock in the afternoon in order to register his vote
(unless sufficient time Is allowed during some other part of the day) without loss of compensation for the time
so lost.   (Hr. A. 0. Macdonell, M. P.)
11. Amendment to tht Railway Act,—Providing for the length of sections and the number of employees required to keep same ln repair,   (Mr. A. C. Macdonell, M. P.)
12, An Act to Abolish Titles,—To abolish all titles of honor created by the Government of Canada, and to
prohibit the Government of Canada from making any recommendations for such titles of honor. (Mr. Burnham,
H. P.)
- 13,   Amtndmentt to R. N. W. M. Police.—Providing for a general Increase of wages and salaries and other
minor regulations.   (Rt. Hon. Hr. Borden.)
14.  An Act to assist and encourage the Improvement of Highways.   (Hon. Hr. Cochrane.)
16. Amendments to the Naturalisation Act—Providing in the oath of allegiance that the declarant mutt, be
able to tpeak In either, the English or French language.   (Mr. Currie, M. p.)
It. An Act to Authorise Measures for Increasing the Effective Navsl Forest of the Empire,—Providing for
the expenditure of (35,000,000 In construction of warships for the British Navy.   (Rt. Hon. Mr. Borden.)
17. An Act Respecting Binkt and Banking.—(Hon. Mr. White.)
18. Flthsry Lletnttt.—Questions by Mr. Sinclair, M. P., respecting number held by Japanese.
18. Conditions of Laboring Classes.—Questions by Mr, Devlin, M. P., respecting Inquiries made any Improvement of tame.
20. Immigration.—Questions by Dr. Paquet, M. P., respecting the societies to which subsidies are paid by the
21. Immigration.—Questions by Mr. Sinclair, M. P., respecting Oriental immigration.
In addition, to tbe above a Bill for the regulation and operation of cooperative societies Is lh the hands ot
Mr. Helghen, but on account of the deadlock ln the House on the Navy Debate, he ban had no opportunity as yet
' to Introduce the measure.
At this time, because ot the peculiar situation developed as a result of the Navy measure before the House,
It Is difficult to determine what measure, If any, will pass into law.
The one absorbing question before the House is that of where the lite destroyers shall be built; the preservation of human life Itself, particularly that of the working class, being apparently ot the most minor Importance.
Yours faithfully,
President and Parliamentary Representative.
After being on strike for a week,
the seamen and firemen working on
the whaling vessels operating from
Victoria, have tecure'i their demands.
The firemen _. the 155 per month
they wanted. The old and new scales
of the teamen are:
Old scale—$28 per month and "lay"
money on eaoh whsle as follows:
For* sulphur whale .(1.80
For a humpback Whale 80
For a finback whale , 1.10
. or a sperm whsle _ 3.00
The new scale Is 135 per month, lay
money $1.60 for sulphur whale, $1.00
for humpback, $1.26 for finback, $5.00
for a sperm.
E. A. King Takes Holiday.
B. A. King, business agent of the
Building Trades Council of Victoria,
has gone on a visit to his home ln
the Old Country, snd it not expected
bask sgaln until the fall of ths year.
All the workers In the building
trades In Nelson, B. 0„ are out on
strike for the various new wage scales
which have been brought forward this
spring. Teamsters, machinists, and
city electricians are also out, and The
Federatlonist Is In receipt ot a request from G. Hardy, business agent
of the Trades and Labor Council of
Nelson advising all workmen to stay
away from Nelson whilst the trouble
Is on.
J. W. Doggstt Resigns.
W... Doggett, who has soted us
agent for the Toronto
branches of the Amalgamated society
of Carpenters and Joiners, for several
years, has resigned his position, and
R. J. Nlcholls has been elected to succeed him. A. Turner has been appointed assistant.
At tbe last meeting of the Organisation Committee of the Trades and
Lahor Council, lt was decided to form
a Union Label League, and all unions
sre requested to send representatives
to the next meeting which will be held
ln Labor Temple, Tuesday, April 16th,
In order to build up a good strong
League to boost the unton label and
to stir up ln their respective unions
the idea of buying goods and patronising places which display the Union
Card or Label.
Guessing.—A lady was looking for
her husband, and Inquired anxiously of
the housemaid: "Do you happen to
know anything of your master's whereabouts?"
"I am not sure, mum," replied the
careful domestic, "but I think they are
ln the wash."—Harper's Magatlns.
The Royal Labor Commission appointed by tbe Provincial Government
to investigate labor oondttlons throughout ths Province of British Columbia commenced their labors in Cumberland February 18th and completed
their work: of receiving testimony aad
evldenoe relating to mining oondltlons
under the Canadian Colllerea Coeipan
at Ladimltb on February lath. The
foregoing announcement will undoubtedly be of Interest to the members
of the United Mine Workers ot Amerlcs, ln as muoh as the function ef the
commission on ths occasion menUpaed
was to lean the caaete which treated
our present trouble on' Vanoouver Ulead. "
To recount all the testimony givso
before the commission under Judicial
oath would make aa article too voluminous for leady comprehension. Henee
Only a recapitulation of the general-
testimony will be given, which Will be
sufficient to show that the Canadian
Colleriee Comnaae' Is entitled to high
rank among thlt scientific exploiters ot
labor. The story written into the records of ths oommlsslon bythe miners'
representatives, aad unrefuted by the
company, is tbe same etory that Is
woven Into the history ot every mining: district where men- toll wthout
the protection of an organisation. Frugal living, Industrious aad practical
men who have spent ail tbelr working
days In tbe pursuit of mining, told ot
cruel oppression, iniquitous robbery.
Infamous abuses, official arrogance
and soul-racking drudgery encountered
during their struggle to win a mean
livelihood from this company. Poorly
ventilated mlnet, dangerous working
conditions, excessive cost of living, exorbitant rentals, short weights, month?
ly pays snd lax, or non-enforcement, ot
mining laws, are only a part of the'
cycle of evils surrounding these men.
This company respects no specified or
uniform scales for narrow work, dead
work or company work. The rates of
compensation paid for these classes
of labor depend entirely upon the caprice of the pit host, wbo it the only
determining factor. No one employed
at such work knows when he starts
work whst he Is going to receive tor
his lsbor until pay day, when he receives whst the pit boss hss decreed
he shall have. Those who object to
the price paid-have one of two alter
natives to choose from, which is te
accept the boss' 1st'or quit. -
Tbe day wages paid range from $1.85
to $2.86; narrow work prion from nothing to what the boil withes to pay;
dead work price the same as narrow
work. The tonnage rate Is 82H cents,
based on the long ton of 2240 pounds,
plus 10 per cent, coal added tor Impurities, which meant that the miner
mutt load 2464 pounds of cost for one
ton. Or, ln other wonts, a miner leading loo long tons of coal receives pay
for M long tons, the company confiscating 10 per cent, of his output to
cover Impurities, even though there
sre no impurities In his coal.
To add to this iniquity the company
operates a docking system under which
any particular car of coal found to con
tain 50 pounds of Impurities Is seised
by the company.
The miners of Cumberland an compelled to pay the company 10 cents
per pound for 30 and 40 per cent giant
powder. The miners of Ladysmlth
pay 20 cents per pound for the same
explosive, while the miners working
for the Western Fuel Company at
Nanaimo receive Identically the same
grade of powder for 16 cents per
pound. These three camps sre all within a radius of eight miles, so that the
wide difference In .She price bt powder
cannot be rightfully attributed to the
difference ln freight rates. Neither Is
the comparatively low cost of powder
at Nanalmo any recommendation for
the Western Fuel Company, which concern has its own schemes for fleecing
its employees. Nor Is the Inequality
between the cost of powder at Ladysmlth and Cumberland any evidence
that the Canadian Colleriet Company
favor the Ladytmlth men, who, while
they euffer to a lets degree from extortionate powder cott than do the*
Cumberland men, nevertheless equalise the discrepancy through the application of other impositions. Tbls
powder abuse It given added significance by tbe tact that this coal Is of
an extremely stubborn nature, full of
faults, and that It It not unusual for
a mlner'a powder expense to run as
high at $60 per month. Thlt one evil
alone demonstrates the utter helplessness of the men and the complete mastery of the company.
A few abbreviated quotailoas takes
trom the great volume ot testi-yy
follows: .
Mike OedriUs: 1 worked two
months and averaged $1.76 per day.
Tbe following month I earned f4M
per day, aad the bees told me I was
earning too much momey aad redaeed
my yardage price (0 eeats per yai*.**
Frank Terry: "1 drove 12 rat* ot
narrow work and was paid far 8 yards.
Was ordered out ef the eoapaay*s office when I went to claim the other
3 yards."
R. Smith: "Waa earaag 8U8 net
day .when say pfeee caved aad had Is
dean tt ap without eoospMsattaa."
A.Brloel: "Reoelved $8 for 11 days-
work, bat waa afterwards made ap tb
$8 per day."
Fred Doherty: "Drove 31 yards af
narrow work aad was paid tor oaly 88 .
that 1 was earning too mock moaey. I:
did aot receive, pay for the other it
John Bens:    i worked a jetee
where I had 8 teat of dirt to haa**.
I earned $31 for 8* days' wo*   1
complained snd was told by the adao
(Continued on Page Vow.)      '
Ths Trades and Labor Coaasll I
lag last night wu attended by 78 delegates. Presldsnt Benson wss la the
chair. Oae of the Brat siatters to receive atention waa the reelgnltloa ef
Delegate W. R. Trotter from'the executive oommlbtee owing to his inability to attend oa account ot hit sight
work at a printer. The resignation
was accepted with regret
The tile layers wrote taking what the
duties ot the Coundl butlnctt agent
would be It one were elected. The
following motion .was put aad carried:
'That It a basinets agent It appelated his main duties shall be theee ot
aa organiser."
Letters were read from P. H. Diaper,
Secretary-Treasurer of the Trades and
Ubor Congress ot Canada, Hr. H. H.
Stevens, member of the Federal Parliament for Vancouver, sad the Hon. R.
Rogers, Minister of tbe Interior, Mating that tbe Council's protest against
the deportation ot J. Ettor was rsesio-
ing attention. Spokane Sectional Central Labor Counoll wrote warning the
Council against one Louis Le Clair
who wu- stated to be a bogus label-
league organiser, deriving hla ttviai
from defrauding labor union aid
businsss men.
The Wireless Telegraph Operatota
Union of the Pacific Cout, notified
tbat they had organised, aad were desirous of the Council's support aad
Interest. One ot the most Important
matters dealt with wu a letter received
from the headquarters of the A. F. ef
L. notifying the Coundl to expel the
Amalgamated Society of Carpenten
and Jolnera from the Council because
their charter had been revoked by the
American Federation of Ubor. The
matter wu filed without discussion.
The remaining $200.00 which the
Coundl owed oo the last . thousand
shares they purchased la the Labor
Temple Co., wu ordered paid.
It wu decided to appoint a special
committee to organise a library to be
established la tha Lahor Temple for
the use ot the trade unionists of 'tho
dty. The Organisation Committee reported having organised a label league
arid had visited uveral unions to advertise the league and the work It wu
expected to do. Bro. F. M. Fielder,
organiser of the Barbers' Union, who
bed done excellent work la the dty
during tbe lut few weeks, wm Invited
to address the Coundl ud delivered
a really rousing address which received the spprecistlon It deserved.
All the delegates from ths building
trades unions reported trade very
slack, ud practically the only union
to raport satisfactory conditions of
employment wu the' bikers union.
The moving picture operators reported
that nearly all the picture ehows wen
worked by non-union operators. The
election ot trustee In place ot Delegate Trotter brought forth tbe following nominees: MoVety, Kavanagh,
ud Jones. The voting resulted, He-
Vety 31, Kavanaugh 11, Jones 18.
Delegate Mc Vety wu thus sleeted on
the flnt ballot Delegate Kavanagh
was elected Sergeant at Arms by 38
votes to 37 votes polled by Delegate
The meeting wu one of the best at
tended and moat interesting that ths
Council bu held for some time, snd
did not adjourn until 10:30 p. m.
Why not buy Overalls
you can enjoy wearing?
and at the same time use the product of a
strictly Vancouver Unlonjactory
comply with every requirement ud fill every outdoor wage-
worken' need—Ask your deelei for them
Wm. J. McMafter & Sons, Ltd.
1176 Homer Street, Vucouver, B. C. ■■
 APRIL 4,1913.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
xwooarosaras tees
raid-up Capital
Total Assets
8 11,100,000
allow at-
US* 026 DB-
-roaxM or owe
One Dollar will open
She aeooust eat rear
lraslnass will bt ws!-
com, be ll large er
■Md Offltw TuoonTtr, B.C.
Anthortied Capital......
■QbiorlbM Capital	
raid Vp Capital	
... 1,1M,MC
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed ln It
by the people, and It 1* always
ready and willing to extond every
courtesy and liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management.
Yonr aooonnt Tart cordially
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts.
Broadway    West    Branch,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash Sis.
Oranvllle St. Branch, 1146 Gran.
villa St
Pender  St   Branch,* Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
General Manager.
Assistant General Manager.
Cspjtsl & Reserve $11,000.000
We Say to You
That there-is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
ai.d happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every Mossing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it,
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security, of a
Bank that has been a monument of finanoial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1.
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum,
446 Hastings St. West
Cor. Hsstingt snd Carrall Sheets
VAMOOnVBR,    -    ■  B.O.
See thai this Label is Sewed
id the Pockets
(J It standi for all that Union
Labor Standi for.
with the LABEL on it
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor temple      Wt-a. asr- 4410
Valours and Felts of all colore
CAPS and
135 Hastings Straet E«
Granville Street
wamsa *T»noox oojcs
500 Gallery Seats at ISc
published weekly by The S. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Counoll and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 16,000 organized wage-
workers.      " 	
Issued every Friday morning.
President ."••—Jas. Campbell
Vice-President J. W. Wilkinson
Vice-President J. McMlllai
Treasurer. J. H. McVety
Managing-Editor 1!. Parm. Pettlplece
Offloo:   Boom 810, Lsbor Staple
Td. Sev. seso.
Subscription:    11.00 per year;   ln Vancouver City, 91.25;   to unions sub-
sorlblng ln a body, 76 cents.
"Unity ot Labor,- tht hope of Mis wprtd."
1UJ PAPER. If this number Is on It
yiur subscription expires next Issue.
Among the students of political
economy, those who are not racking
their brains to discover effective apologies for the industrial Bystem of our
time, believe they have an explana-
tlon for the current religion, the poll-
tics, and general social customs and
usages of any age. A close study of
history, and the growth and development of peoples, will make the fact
apparent that, what Is regarded ae
true religion in one age is looked upon
as rank heresy In another Social
customs and practices which pass the
censors of conduct in one age would
bring ostracism and condemnation in
another." Morality also, whilst the educated stupid still try to make believe
lt is a fixed and inviolable quantity,
Is seen to be a matter of time and
geography more than anything else.
Indeed, nations, like Individuals, when
their intelligence Is unequal to comprehending the viewpoint of others,
and- sanctuary for their Ignorance In
the sheltering shadows ot the fatuous
generalisation, known as—Immorality.
Having agreed with themselves that
they are right, they flnd themselves
the delighted possessors of the knowledge that everybody else Is wrong, and
ln that way contribute their tithe ro
the sum total of inconsistencies which
Is the only consistent thing about mankind.
Bearing In mind some of these mure
picturesque manifestations of the
human mentality of the twentieth century, It is not to be wondered that
the red herring has never yet been
discovered which is too malodorous
for the working people to run after;
and those Wbo have accumulated enough good-humored patience and philosophy to stand aside ever and again
to watch them, are of the impression
that as long as there Is » wrong way
left, they will not see the right one.
But as the student surveys the Pageant
of Pity which the mistakes of men
nave fashioned for the compassion ot
Posterity, he detects one fact which
Is common to all ages, a fact which,
once having been securely grasped,
serves as the key to the religion, pontics and morals of all ages. He sees
that each age or epoch of human
society has had Its own method or
system of producing the social wealth
of Its time, and that the methods
whereby that wealth has been produced have determined the nature and
quality ef the religious, political, and
social superstructure which is based
upon them, ln our day and generation the wealth of the world is not
produced to enrich its occupants, but
to enrich those who own the means
whereby that wealth Is produced and
to whom the product belongs. Modern
Industry is not for health or pleasure
or charity; nor Is lt primarily for the
purpose ot giving to men those things
which nature requires they shall have
or die. It Is Hot carried on for the
benefit of society In general but tor
the profit of Individuals ln particular.
Profit Is only made in one way and
that is by taking from the worker
the wealth which he has produced by
exercising his mental And physical
energies upon the natural resources
of the earth, and ln return giving him
or her Just so much of the value of
that product as Is necessary to meet
the bare exigencies of nature In the
matter of food, clothing and shelter.
In case any simple tout doei not find
the foregoing as clear as he might
wish it, the proposition may be
stated ln more artistic terms by saying that any rube who expects his
donkey to do as much work1 tomorrow as he did today must be prepared to give Edward sufficient hay
and oats to regenerate the ginger In
his heels. Tbere Is no more charming versatility in a somewhat unver-
satlle world than that made possible
by a good humored understanding of
the origin of proflt.
Having thus realized the fact tbat
robbery Is the basis of all commercial
activity, the willing disciple finds
little further difficulty In understanding most of the things which are
Justified on such an economic principle. And at i the same Ume that
some of the bye-products of Capitalism are sometimes rather nauseating
In quality, they are at least explained
—which Is something to be thankful
for in a world which is rather pus-
sling to those who are not careful
enough to see that they are born of
rich parents.
One of the most loathsome of all
the diseases which the workers hare
to suffer from Is the private detective
of the variety offered for sale ln the
catalogue of The W. J. Burns National
Detective Agency, of which a copy Is
reproduced In another column for the
edification of all who love The Good,
The True, and The Beautiful. He Is
the skunk ot skunks, the thrice distilled essence of all the concentrated
abominations of Capitalism. He is the
vilest of all the abortions of Industrialism vomited forth from the loins
of commercial corruption.
But 'twere well In our contempt for
the individual not to overlook the fact
that he Is but one of the cogs of the
machinery which makes the modern
business world go round. He but serves
his master for hire, and differs not
In any essential particular from a
Judge who sells decisions for shares,
or a politician who barters the birthright and heritage of a people for the
fulsome approval of real estate speculators. Indeed, If either has the advantage in the matter of common
decency lt Is the detective for, according to W. J. Burns himself a detective
Is usually a born criminal whose cranial contour Is a handsome source ot
profit (or his employer.
Mack—I see here that a New Vork
pastor states that there Is no hell.
.lack—He's mistaken,' I didn't get
home until 3 o'clock thla morning and
my wife was waiting for me.
At Tolpuddle, In Dorsetshire, Eng.,
a monument has just been erected to
the memorfof the "six men of Dorset," also called "tbe first martyrs of
trades unionism," and memorial exercises were held there to mark the seventieth anniversary of their martyrdom. ' lt was on February 24, 1843,
that the six labor union pioneers were
thrown into prison to serve a sentence
of seven years Imposed upon them by
Judge Williams, who had said:
"Not tor anything you have done,
or as I can prove you Intend to do, but
as an example to others I consider it
my duty to pass this sentence upon
each and every one of you."
The "six men of Dorset," who are
now enrolled In labor's hall of fame,
were common laborers. Reaching the
point where they could no longer sup
port their families on their scanty
wages, they Joined In a demand for
an increase of one shilling,—24 cents
—a week. This "impudent demand"
was forthwith refused by their masters, and the six men held a confer,
ence on the situation. This meeting
was held to constitute a deep, dark
and devilish conspiracy against tho
peace and prosperity of the British
Empire, and the men were arrested,
convicted and sent Into transportation for seven years in hardly more
time than It takes to tell it.
Oeorge and James Loveless and
Thomas Staniteld, all local Wesleyan
preachers, who toiled on farms for a
living and served their flocks without
charge; James Brine, Jamee Hamraett
and John Stanfleld are the names of
the men inscribed on the Tolpuddle
monument. They were described as
honest and Industrious men, whose
only desire was to obtain better conditions of living for themselves and
their neighbors."
As farm laborers, the six men of
Dorset originally received nine shillings a week. Despite the fact that the
price of food was advancing, their
.wages were reduced to eight.shillings,
and then to seven shillings, or about
$1.75 a week. With this income they
could pet little to eat but coarse
bread. The straw was placed on-the
camel's back when the employing
farmers held a meeting and decided
to reduce wages to laborers to six
shillings a week. This conference of
the landlords was not.considered any
offence against law or Justice, but
when the six men of Dorset conferred
on the subject of maintaining wages,
and attempted to form a union of farm
laborers, they were promptly clapped
Into prison.
San Francisco, March 22—The differences between the Pacific States
Telephone and Telegraph Company
and their electrical workers appears
to be ln a fair way of settlement. The
employes ask for -recognition of the
wire chiefs, repeater men, testboard
men, galvonometer men and facility
men. A 60 cent per day increase, a
weekly pay day and a preferential
clause, giving preference to union men
when obtainable. The company at first
refused all the demands, but later
granted a 25 cent increase to all
branches of the trade. This offer was
rejected, however, but the latest ln
formation Is to the effect that the
company has made further concessions and the new offer will again go
to a vote of the men Involved.
At the convention of the Structural
Iron Workers' union held at Indiana-
polls recently, It was decided to pay
$25 per week towards the support of
the families of the convicted ironworkers bo long as the men are unable to attend to business. Interna
tlonal officers have been elected at
the conventions up to the present, but
an amendment to the constitution
was passed changing the system to
that of referendum vote of the mem
bershlp. This will be submitted to the
membership for ratification. W. H.
Blow, of Winnipeg, was appointed organiser for Western Canada. The next
convention will be held at Peoria, III.,
In September, this year.
Street Rallwaymen In Philadelphia
i The average monthly housekeeping
expenses of- married motormen and
conductors Ip the employ of the Philadelphia Rapid'Transit Co. are 166.90,
or 13.92 less than their average
wages, according to an investigation
into the cost ot living conducted by
the company Itself. As a basis for thac
average, the expenses of 500 families
were taken by the company. It was
found that most of the families consisted of four members, The average
rent paid was ¥14.01. rood »32.re, and
other expenses averaged (20.71, and
now the company Is proposing to establish company stores for tbe alleged purpose of decreasing the cost of
living of Its employes, and, Incidental
ly, of course, to draw in a few shekels
for Itself, Instead of paying to the men
a living wage.
Mayor Lunn, the Socialist official of
Schenectady, and a number of strikers, are now on trial at Little Falls,
N. Y:, as- an outcome of charges filed
against them during the recent Indus
trial Btruggle. It Is now claimed that
the indictments were secured by the
police authorities upon framed-up evidence. It seems thst John J. Kenny,
employed as a special police officer
durln? the strike, now admits that he
and other private detectives swore
falBely before the grand Jury. He says
he testified according to written Instructions given him bv ths Utile
Falls police and that the 15 Indict
ments found by the grand Jury wero
all based on perjured evidence. Kenny
has made affidavit to this effect and
other affidavits secured by Mayor
Lunn support his story. .
Women's Wages In France
Some interesting figures lately Issued by the French Minister of Labor
gave the total number of women who
earn their living in France both as
home-workers and out-workers, as 4,-
150,000, who are employed as follows:
Agriculture  949,000
Factories, etc.—
Out-workers   „... 1,386.000
• Home-workers  540,000
nuslnnss, public services, liberal professions :—
Out-workers 504,000
Servants   772,000
Total  . 4,150,000
TheBe figures are based on the cen
bus returns for 1906. Wages vary, of
course, considerably; but according to
o commission of Inquiry In 1893, those
engaged ln out-work earned 3 francs
a day In the Seine Department, and
2f. 10c. In the provinces.—ThePlonecr
Stens aro being taken to revlvo tho
"timllton district council of United
Garment Workers' l'nlon. Tho coun
ell, If formed, will consist of .representatives of the three Hamilton unions
and the Dundas local.
Is the name t Iven to sorcer-
by the different populations of
Northern Asia. Thej are supposed to
deal with the dark forces of Nature. By
their Incantations and datices they are
supposed to conjure Illness and all corts
of misfortunes.
xtouseea, Jean Jacques <1712-1778),
trench philosopher. A forerunner oi
the Oreat Revolution, whose writings,
together with those of Mably, greatly
influenced most of those who stood foremost In the Revolution, especially in its
Jacobinlst wing. He preached the return to a simple and natural life, equality, democratic and republican institutions, and a sound education embodying
a Knowledge of both* science and manual work; and he endeavored to'lay the
foundations of a natural religion which
might supersede Church Christianity.
He has had an ardent follower, ln Leo
Tolstoy. Chief works: "On the Origin
of Inequality among Men," "Le Contrat
Social," "Emile," "Le Vicaire Savoyard," "The New Heloise," and "Mm
Tiit—r, August's (1796-1866), a renowned French historian, who combined
an admirable descriptive talent with a
deep study and comprehension of the
primitive Institutions of the so-called
"barbarian" period. His "Letters on
the History of France" give the best key
to a comprehension of Ihls period, and
of the subsequent period of Independent
city-republics in France. He also wrote
a history of the Norman Conquest of
Wallace, Alfred BnsstU (born 1822).
English naturalist who contemporaneously with Darwin, In 1867, developed
the theory of evolution of species
through natural selection in the struggle for life. His work, "Darwinism." Is
an admirable exposition of the subject,
popularly written and thoroughly scientific. In his youth he came under the
Influence of Robert Owen's teaehlngs,
and Is still In favor of land nationalisation.
Smith, Adam (1723-1780), English
economist and philosopher; founder of
Political Economy as a science based on
observation and on the Inductive methods, which he developed ln his classical
work, "The Wealth of Nations." In that
work he considered wealth as the pro-,
duct of labor, and criticised the many
obstacles which Governments at that
time put In the way of the growth of
Industry and commerce—thus becoming
the founder of the so-called "Liberal
school" of Political Economy. In a far.
less known, very much boycotted, and
yet veVy - deep work, "The Theory of
Moral Sentiments," he wrote a full theory of Ethics based on the common observations of mutual sympathy.     t
Spencer, Herbert (1820-1008), English
philosopher who developed a full system
of synthetic philosophy on a materialistic basis, embodies ln the following
works; "First Principles," "Principles of
Biology," "Principles of Psychology,"
"Principles of Sociology," "Ethics." Also
"The Man versus the State"; an excellent work* oft education; a- polemics
against Welsmann upon the direct action of surroundings and natural selection; and so on. In his "Principles
of Biology" he developed a full, theory
of evolution, based chiefly on the lines
of Lamarck's "Transformism," i.e. on
the direct action of the surroundings
modifying the organisms In the sense
of adaptation to their surroundings ("direct adaptation"),— natural selection
("the Indirect adaptation'.') only coming
in to aid the preservation of the best
adapted ("survival of the fittest"), and
to give stability to the acuired adaptqa-
Bernard, Olande (1813-1878), great
French phyclologlst, widely known for
liis discoveries In physiology, and especially for his experimental work tending
to lay down the bases for' a physiological psychology. Chief works: "Lessons
in Experimental Psyslology," 1866; on
toxical substances, 1867; and on the
physiology-of the nervous system, 1868
Berthelot, IlaroeUn (1827-1907), French
chemist, opened a new field of research
by his wonderful syntheses of organic
bodies—that is, by producing in the laboratory, through the combination of
chemical elemtns (oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen and carbon) various substances
Which enter Into the composition of
living bodies, or are produced by suoli
bodies: hydro-carbons, oils, fats, and ac
on. All his work was a beautiful illustration of the unity of physical forces,
which represents the greatest conquest
of science In the course' of the nineteenth century, and of tbat other great
conquest, the transformation of mechanical movement Into heat. He therefore
retained till his .death a Arm belief In
the unlimited power of science to give
well-being to mankind, and ln his philosophy and ln Its application to life he
remained true to the best traditions of
the Encyclopaedists. He published during his -lifetime no less than 1.200 scientific memoirs, Ills chief works Being-
"Organic Chemistry Based on Synthe-
si?," 1860: "Lectures on the General
Mediods of Synthesis," 1864: "Lectures
on Isomery," 1865; "Chemical Synthesis,"
Babeuf, nancols stoel (.1761-1797),
French Commonlst, who -took part in
the Revolution, and published a paper,
Tribun du People, In which he preached
the pnclal revolution. After the fall of
the Robespierre party, he organised,
with Sylvaln Marechal, Darthe. and several others, a secret Communist society,
which Intended to overthrow the Government and to constitute a Communist
Plrectorate. The conspiracy was betrayed and the leaders were shot in' 1797.
Moon, rrasols (1661-1626), great English philosopher, known as the father
of the "inductive" method of scientific
research, because he was the first to
show that research and discovery will
only be able to progress when the human mind has grown accustomed to con-
older observation and free, methodical,
experimental research as tbe only means
-to discover natural laws and the true
causes of phenomena. Scholastic wisdom, which only Juggled with words,
had to bo given up, and true knowledge
be acquired through Induction—i.e.,
through the closest' study of the separate phenomena themselveB, before generalisations are "Induced." This was the
fundamental idea of all his work, and
this is why Bacon Is truly considered as
the father of modern science. (See below,  "Inductive-Deductive Method.")
Bain, Alexander (born 1818), one of
the chief English representatives of
physiological psychology. His chief
works were: "Mind and Body," "The
Senses and the Intellect."
BakmUn, idohael (1814-1876), political
writer and an indefatigable revolutionist. Took part In all the revolutionary
spd Socialist movements of his own
times, in Germany, Switzerland, Italy,
Austria and Poland. Had a prominent
part In the Dresden revolution of 1849.
Was condemned after Its defeat to lifelong imprisonment, and extradited by
the Saxon government to Austria. After
two yeara confinement ln an Austrian
fortress, where he was chained to the
wall, he was surrendered to the Russian
Tsiir, Nicholas I., who kept him imprisoned In the fortress of St. Petersburg
Mil 1866. Released after the death of
Nicholas I„ he was banished to Siberia,
where he was very well received by the
then Governor-General of Eastern Siberia, N. Muravloff-Amursky. Escaping
from Vladivostok In 1862 he came to
London, and took the liveliest part In
the European revolutionary agitation.
He soon became a member of the International Working Men's Association,
Joining tho Jura Federation, which, In
opposition to the General Council of the
International, was the stronghold of. the
Federalist, anti-Statist, revolutionary,
and excluded from the International;
whereupon Ihe Jura, tbe Spanish, the
Italian and the East Belgian (Vesdre)
Federations broke entirely with the General Council, which was transferred
next year to New York, where lt died;
while the Federations Just mentioned,
concluding a federative alliance among
themselves, nnd abolishing, all central
authority, conlinued the work of the International Working Men'a Association
on federalist principles, nnd up. to 1878
held regularly yearly Congresses, until
this became Impossible, owing to Government persecutions. During this period Bnkunln wrote a number of pamphlets In wlilch he developed the principles of Anarchism, the chief of which
nre: "God nnd tho State." "The State
Mea nnd Anarchism," "Letters to a
Frenchman" nhout the war of 1870-71,
"The Kneuto-Germanlc Empire," etc. An
exhaustive biography of Bakunin has
been written by Dr. M. Nettlau, In
three large volumes; a short abstract of
this work has also been published.
Senilism, Jeremy (1748-1882). English
political writer, who received French
citizenship from the Republican Convention for bis work In the reform of legislation, Founder of the English ethical
school of "Utilitarianism," which con.
slders the aim of all social organisation
to be the attainment of the greatest
happiness for the greatest number. J.
S. Mill subsequeqntly developed theae
Ideas In his well-known essay, entitled
The members of tbe Home and
Domestic Employees' Union are constantly being told that In view of the
accepted fact that "A woman'B work
is never done," one of their objects
for which they have a union, namely,
a nine-hour day, is not attainable.
In dealing with this question, work
must be clearly defined. Some women call afternoon teas, entertaining-
their husbands' friends, dressing to
pay calls, etc, work, and to a certain extept they are justified, because
their object is mental and social advancement, which cannot be obtained
without work of some sort or other.
But after all, they have a free wtll
in regard to their affairs, and If ln the
pursuit of their own advancement they
work, It Is they who reap the benefits of so doing. It does not hurt to
have this saying applied to them.
There Is another claas of women,
namely, the wives of working men, to
whom this saying can be applied with
truth. Their husbands take lt . for
granted that tbelr wives work because
hey like It. Some men are foolish
enough to say that It is not really
work—it is just "keeping at lt." These
women, however, do not need our
sympathy—the remedy Is In their own
But the women to whom this saying
ib applied in its moat deadly aspect
are the domestic employees. The
other day, a woman writing to a London daily newspaper said that what
Canada needed was women who could
chop wood, carry coal and water, do
the family washing and cook, lt
seems to ub that what Canada really
needs is women who will realise that
work in the home, as in other places,
must be paid for and also properly
organised—women who will substitute
business methods for sentiment, It Is
really amazing what Is done ln the
name of sentiment. The Home and
Domestic Employees' Union Intends to
bury this commodity forever as far
as their relationship with labor and
capital Ib concerned. Too long has it
sheltered a system which haa no place
ln our modern life; a system which
has lingered as long as It has owing
apparently to the fact that domestic
employees work practically in.units.
The call to combine has now reached
the uttermost circle of the world'B
workerB, and we believe in obeying the
call, we Bhall accomplish the economic
and social emancipation of domestic
Label Leage at Taeoma
The Clgarmakers' union, of Taeoma,
has taken the preliminary steps toward
calling a convention, to meet in Taeoma, April 13. Oregon and Washington are to be represented and the object Ib to organize a Northwest Bluo
Label League. There are ten local
unions ln the two States, and lt Is believed that a campaign of education
among the working men of this district would result in vastly lncreaslgng
the membership. The Farmers' Union
and the Grange have pledged themselveB to buy union made cigars for
their co-operative stores. Within a
radlUB of 100 miles of Taeoma there
are 6,000 miners, nearly all of whom
belong to the miners' union. The clgarmakers also propose to ask the international that an organiser be apolnt-
ed for the district to be covered by the
When a woman begins to show Interest In political reform, that is an
Indication the debt on her church
has heen cleared off.
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
Meets ln annual convention ln January. Executive o.ucers, 1013-14: President, Christian Slverti; vice-preeidenta,
J. Kavanagh, J. Ferris, A, Watchman, G.
A. Burnes, J. W. Gray, Jas. Cuthbertson,
J J. Taylor; sec.-treaa,, V. R. Mldgley.
Box 1044, Vancouver.
Meets flrst and third Thursday*
Executive board: H. C. Benson, president; W. Manson, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, general secretary, Room 210
Labor Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer;
W. Foxcroft, statistician; J. Sully, ser-
geant-at-arms; F. A. Hoover, V. R.
Mldgley, W. R, Trotter, trustees.
Directors:    Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
(nut *°vj -   tftattavB   uivnii|   auuvvasu   uu kiismsi
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdock Mc-
Keniltt^   Managing director, J. H. Mc
Vety, Room 211.   Sey. 6880
ALLIED  PRINTING   TRADES   COUNCIL—Meeta  Snd  Monday in month.
President, Geo. Mowat; Secretary, F. R,
Fleming, P.O. Box 66. '•■_
penters .and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 2908. Business agent J. A. Key;
offlce hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
H, McEwen, Room 209, Labor Temple.
Branches meet every Tuesday and wed-
nesday In Room fO't.        	
tlonera' Local No. 41—
Meets  second  and  fourth
Saturdays, 7:80 p.m. President,   J.   Kinnalrd;   flor-
.,   responding*  secretary,   W,
t   Rogera, Room 220, Labor
Inancial  secretary,  P.  _____
second Thursday, 8:80 p. m, Presl
dent, C, Hald; recording secretary,
Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary - business
agent. C, F, Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 8 to 7 p.in.
Sey. 177*.
flee Room 208 Labor Temple, Meets
flrst and third Sundays of each month
at 2,80 p.m, Preaident, Wm. Laurie;
flnanclal secretary, A. MacDonald.
ten and Jolnera, Local No. 117.--
Meets Monday of each week, 8 p, m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 8
p.m. President, A. Richmond; recording
secretary, Arthur Paine, 805 Labor Tern-
pip; flnanclal secretary, G. W. Williams,
805 Labor Temple; treasurer, L. W. Dn-
ilel, 806 Labor Temple.   Phone Bey. 1880.
and Joiners. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meets. Ashe's hall. Twenty-first
and Fraser Ave., flrst and third Thursday of each month, 8 p.m. President
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, J. VV.
Dlckieson: recording secretary, Thon.
Lindsay, Box 86, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt Lindsay; conductor, A. Cotiahor;
warden, B. Hall.
WORKERS' International Union,
£fOcal 97—Meets second and- fourth Friday, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. .President,
i. A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
788 Semlln Drive, phone Bey. 688.
—MeetH every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Routt;
807. President, James Haslett; coirt».-
pondlng secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
W; flnanclal secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room
•US.   Sey. 8799.
106—Meets third Tuesday ln ever)1
month, In Room 206 Labor Temple.
President, F. J. Milne; vice-president, H.
Perry; secretary, George Mowat, 616
Dunlevy avenue.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helper*
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. IM—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m
Presldsnt, F. Barclay, 868 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Street
Men Who Rely on the Spencer
Store for Their Spring Suit
will find every preparation maile to give
them the same sterling value for their money
as heretofore. In fact, we have excelled ourselves.
This spring we have found two new factories that have broken into the wholesale,
world of clothing in Canada, and the old
adage of "new brooms sweeping clean" is
amply illustrated in the clothing we have
received from them.
-   We honestly believe that it is the best value of its
class offering in the city.   The material is soft finished
' medium fine twill; the style is smart although quite'conservative and, the tailoring is flawless.   You owe it to
yourself to Bee this olothing. ,
Meets flnt Tuesday each month, S
fesf. President Oeo, Gerrard; secretary.
Hubert 3. Craig. Kurta Guar Factors;
treasurer, 8. W. Johnnon.
218.—Meets Room S01, .very Monday
8 P.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vlce-
prealdent, Oeo. B. Moulton; recording
secretary, A. F. Gibson, Labor Temple;
flnanclal secretary, . Robt. Robinson;
treasurer, Harold T. Johnson; business
agent, H. A. Jones, Room 207, Labor
British Columbia Division, C P. System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:10 a'm.
third-Sunday ln month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 488. Vancouver. Looal see.-treas„ A. T. Obarf,
Bos 488, or 1008 Burrard street
.621 (Inside-Men)—Meet every Friday Room 208 8 p.m. President 6. 8.
Duff; recording* secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent. F. L. Eat-
Inghauaen. Room- 802.   Sey. 8848.
* Meets B.vond aud fourth Tuesdays
of eaoh month. Preeldent, J. Fox; vlce-
prealdent, Wm. Thompson; flnanclal secretary, wm. Worton; secretary. A. O.
Hettler, 428 Dufferln street Telephone,
Fairmont 1288.
ASSOCIATION, No. 88 x 52—Meeta
every Friday evening, 182 Water street
President, O. J. Kelly; secretary, Thos.
Nixon. 138 Water.street.
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:15 p.m.
Preeldent, Chas. Mattlnson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; financial secretary,
J. H. McVety.   Sey. 8880.
Union, Local No. 146, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson atreet President, J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, O.
P. Howett; treasurer, W. Fowler.
Meets flrat and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. President, O. Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumpter; flnanclal secretary, D. Scott: treasurer, I. Tyson; business agent, EX R. Still. Phone
Sey. 1614.  ;	
Decorators', Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. Preaident H. Murry; financial secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St.: recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 3;
business agent. W. J. Nagle.        •
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, 8:00
p.m. President, J. Marshall; corresponding secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047:
flnanclal secretary, K. MoKenslo.
ers' Union, No, 88, of Vancouver
and Victoria—Meeta second Wednesday
of each month, 4 p.m.t Labor Temple.
President, Chas. Bayley; recording secretary, Chris Homewood, 248 13th Ave.
ness Agent H. J. Sheen. Offlce hours,
8 to 8 a.m., 1:30 to 2:80, 4:80 to 6:80
p.m. Secretary, A, E. Wrench; office
hours, 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 6:80
p.m.; phone 2668. P. O, Box 770, Victoria. B. C.
, a. 0.
Labor Council—Meeta every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., It,
Labor Hall. President R A. Stoney;
flnanolal aeeretary, J, B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D. Grant, P. O. Box
884.  The public Is Invited to attend.
PLUMBERS' and STEAMFITTBR8' Local 426—Meet* every second snd
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hsll,
7:80 p.m. president. D. Webster; secretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 866, Now
Westminster, B. C.
penters, Local Union No. 1686—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
atreet President M. C Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B, C.  __
Labor Temple, New Westminster, corner Seventh street and Royal avenue,
every second Sunday of each, month, at
1:30 p.m. President P. Paulsen; secretary, 8. W. Jameson. Visiting brothers
Invited. -	
Western Federation of Miners—
Meets Sunday evenings, In Union Hall.
Preaident E. A. Hlnes; secretary-treasurer, MPjVilleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
No.   2888.   U.  M.  W.  of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union HaU, 7 p.m. President Sam Outhrle; aeeretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladysm'.th, B. C.	
—Meets every Sunday In District
Offlce, Vendome Hotel, at 7110 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording aooretary,
Nanalmo, B. C. *.
Western Federation ot Minors-
Meets every Wednesday evening, In
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement Theatre for rent
President, Sam Stevens; aeeretary. Her-
bert Varcol, Box 421. Rossland, B, .0,
, Union, No. 106, W..F. of M—Meets
every Monday at 7:20 p.m. Presldsnt
Oeorge Castell: secretary, Frank Campbell, Box 26, Trail, B, C.
Socialist Party Directory
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every Sunday, lu, Finn Hall, 616 Main
Btreet   J. H. Burroughs, secretary.	
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, • second and
fourth Wednesdaya at 2 p.m., and flrat
and third Wednesdays, 2 p.m. President,
H. Schofleld: recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 172, City Heights
P.O.; financial saoretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2402 Clark drive.  ,
al Local 887—Meets every Wednesday, 8 p.m.. Room 201, Labor Temple,
President, F. Blumberg; financial seen*
tary, Wm. Byatt Room 816.-
—Meetings held flrst Tuesday In each
month, f. u.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; recording and corresponding secretary, W. W. Hocken. P..o. Box 603;
flnanclal secretary, L. Kakely, P. O. Box
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No. 62—Meets flrat and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President J. Kavanagh: secretary, E. A. E.
Morrison, 1758 Eleventh Ave. East.
Meets last Sunday each month,  2
S.m. President, A. E. Robb; vlce-preal-
ent. A. H. England: secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 16.
TIOTOBU, a. 0.
Council—Meets first nnd third Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson street,
at 8 p.m. President A. Watchman, secretary, L. H. Norrls, Labor Hall, Victoria, B.C.
penters     and     Joiners,     Victoria
Branch.   Meets every Thursday, 8 p.m.,
Labor Hall, Johnson St., Victoria.   Buat-
Executive Committee, Socialist party
of Canada, meete every Sunday, I p.m.,
Finn Hall, 516 Main street J. H. Bur.
roughs,, secretary. ■ 	
C.    Meets  every  Tuesday  at  7:20
j.m. In the Sandon Mlnen' Union Hall.
Communications to he addressed Drawer .
K, Sandon, B. c.
68, 8.'P. of C—Holds lta business
meetings every flrst Sunday - In the
month, and educational meetings every
third Sunday In the month In Room
211, Labor Temple.
s: P. of c Meet flnt and third Sunday of the month In Socialist Halt Secretary, J. N. Hlntsa, Gibson's Heights,
B. C.
every Friday at 8 p.m„ In Mlnen'
Halt, Nelson',' B. C.   I, A. Austin, Sec-
retary. -
for business and propaganda every
Thursday at I p.m. In Labor Tempi*.
Public meetings ln Dominion Theatre,
Granville street, Sunday evenings. Secretary, O. L. Charlton, City Market
Main street
MADE   _______
■ Pffrl**™*) Porter
^SSh Of America  rQ^
Short Lessons in
Are Ypu Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three times
the amount of light obtained from a oarbon lamp
with the same consumption of current?
Would it not be advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting?
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask, the lamp counter olerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary oarbon lamp. .   y      -■
For the convenience of our customers, we
carry a full line of Tungston lanipB of an
approved type in stook '".,.•
Carrall snd
Hastings Street
1138 Granville St.
nesr Davie  . ■■
New Spring Suitings
Every new weave that promises to be acceptable has been
placed in stock here—every design that women of good
taste would seek.   The assortment is very extensive and   .
includes many fine values.  These three, for instance;—
Bi-color Bedford, 44 Inches
wide, II per yard. Comes ln
alternate cream and black,
cream end navy, cream and
grey, and cream and brown.
Novelty Suiting, 54 inches
wide, 11.25 per yard. Shown
in an Indistinct skeleton
check, on brown, tan, saze
blue, grey or mushroom foundations,
Orey Serge Suitings, 11.26 to
12 per yard. The best assortment of these popular mater
lals we have ever shown.
Gome In plain weaves, also In
hair line and chevon stripes.
Values are better than before.
575 Gramllle Street       Vancouver, B. C.
Campbell's Clothing
For Spring, ombraoes absolutely every good feature possible—good materials, good workmanship, good fit. good style and good patterns,
To Look Is to Buy
»etween Abbots and Oartan.
Charming Assembly of New Spring Suits for Women
The most bewitching styles that ever a spring has seen are here on
display. Some of them ln our window today. The unusual beauty of
these new spring suits Is in a great measure due to the superior quality of
materials, perfect workmanship and colors, which make them the moat
attractive suits we have ever shown. Practicability is the great feature
of these garments. They are designed In the newest and most up-to-date
styles, smartly tailored, daintily finished and most becoming to all women.
A Few Distinctive Models Are Briefly Outlined Here
Smart navy tailored suits, of fine
• French aerge with semi-fitted
coats, notched collars and revers.
The coats are cut with either the
new atralght or cut-away fronts,
with breast pocket and lined with
grey satin. Skirts are ln two-
panel styles, showing new side effects. Price 9U.00 and «MMM
Handsome suit of light grey
Bedford cord. The coat is cut on
straight lines with two-button fastening; and rounded front, coat collar and black aatln revers, three-
button fastening, lined with
grey satin. Neatly cut skirt,
showing pleats on side gores.
Price Im.00
Dressy tan suit, made of the neW
plplln material. Th.e coat shows
cut-away front and fancy shaped
back, collar and cuflfa, smartly
trimmed with cream and brown
Rponge, two-button fastening,
lined with tan messallne. The
skirt Is made with high waist line
and new wide front.   Price f-~~
Fancy black and white Bedford
cord suit. The coat has a slightly
cut-away front, fancy shaped collar and blac ksatln revers, three-
button fastening, tailored sleeves
with fancy cuffs, lined with grey
satin.* Four-pieced skirts with
panel front and back. Price $30.00
Stoves and Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
at the Labor Temple Cigar Store and Newsstand
"The Smiling Sootohmen on the Job"
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Opan from9 a.m. to o p.m.,»7 p.m. to8 p.m.
'602 Hastings Street Weit
<J Operates by the latest, most scientific and painless methods
.....   Specialist in Cmwn, Bridge, Plate snd Gold Inlay *yVork
Hours 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming,"Dairying
•     Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
■     160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS; Residence on the land for st least
two years; improvements to the extent ol $2.50
. per acr% payment of* $40 at the end of two
years, and die balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria,.
Editor B. C. Federationist:
I otter herewith, a variety of Items
dealing with conditions ln the Pacific Northwest; which may be ot Interest to your readers.
The members of the Western Federation of Miners, who have been
striking against the Britannia Mining & Smelting Company, a Guggenheim concern of Britannia, B, C, for
nearly two months, are putting up a
circumstances, The men Involved in
stubborn tight under rather adverse
this contest are struggling to maintain their organisation. For some
time before the strike was inaugurated sentiment In favor of organisation prevailed among the men. The
company objected to an organisation
and used all tbelr Influence to discourage and prevent Its establishment, and did temporarily prevent lt
from gaining working proportions.
However, the sentiment in favor of
organisation stlir smouldered among
the men and the question of whether
the company should or should not
allow them to organise was finally
submitted to arbitration, in accordance with the terms ot the Industrial
Disputes Act of Canada, the arbitrators deciding in favor of the men, and,
notwithstanding the ■ company * had
agreed to arbitrate the issue, they
refused to accept the decision with
good grace. Nevertheless, tbe men,
acting en the strength of ths arbitrators' decision; formed an organisation which the company Immediately
started in to destroy, and were doing
their work of destruction so effectively that the men were Anally forced
into a strike In defense of their
These men are at a decided disadvantage because they have been
forced to move (ar from the field of
action. This camp Is located thirty
miles up the coast from Vancouver
City, and the only feasible means ot
entrance is by boat trom the above
mentioned place. Otherwise, a detour
of about four hundred miles, over,
rough, snow-covered and untravelled
mountains Is necessary to gain entrance thereto. The company owns
tbe wharves at which the beats must
land, as well as all the habitable
ground for miles around the mines.
When the men struck they were compelled to vacate company property,
Which left them with no place of
refuge short of Vancouver City, and
lt is at this point where the men are
clustered, and from whence tbey are
now directing their flght.
The Indians ln the Teslln Lake district of Northern British Columbia are
holding war councils and threatening
to go on the war path, because they
claim they have been robbed of their
lands through tbe land allotment policy of the Provincial Government. Tbe
Indians call Sir Richard McBride,
premier of British Columbia) the
"White Devil," and ate openly making threats of massacre. While some
innocent prospectors will probably
meet with devastation or massacre because of the outbreak, if one occurs,
Sir Richard will escape injury Inasmuch as he Is safely ensconced in
Victoria and separated from the scene
of disturbance by .twelve days' travel
over a wild and uncharted stretch of
Sir Richard Ib the same dignitary
who recruited 250 roughs and loafers,
clothed them with police power and
rushed them into Cumberland to
establish martial law and terrorize the
striking miners at a time when that
community was as peaceful as a benediction. We wonder If the red men
have not a keener sense of discernment, than have their white brethren
who for sixteen years have honored
Sir Richard with the premiership of
British Columbia.
John I* Howard, president of tb*
Western Fuel Company, and his aa
soclate officers, have been indicted by
tbe federal grand Jury at San Francisco, charged with having defrauded
the United States government out of
more than $460,000. The charge 16
that for years this company has
swindled the government ln three
ways, namely, on the "draw back" on
coal sold to American vessels, and on
tbe weights of coal sold to the American government for use by army
transports, and on the duty due on
cnal coming into the United States.
This Ib the same coterie who operate the mines at Nanaimo, and who
have reaped Immense profits through
the robbery of their employees, the
consuming public, and now the United
States government. Evidently no one
escapes their rapacity, "Get Rich
Onlck Walllngford" certainly had nothing on this bunch.
Section 50 of tbe British Columbia
Mining Lews reads as follows:
"No certificate of competency shall
be granted to any coal miner who
does not satisfy the majority of the
Board of Examiners that he is sufficiently conversant with the English
language, and with tbe provisions of
the acts relating to coal mining and
rules and regulations made thereunder, to render his employment as
such safe, and also that he haB been
employed In a coal mine for at least
twelve months previous to the date
of his application for such certificate,
and has sufficient knowledge of methods of coal mining to render bim
competent to perform the duties appertaining to his employment."
In the face of this section of the
law the Board ot Examiners met In
Cumberland a short time ago and ln
absolute contravention of the law
granted certificates of competency to
00 Illiterate Chinamen, who, because
of their inexperience and inability to
read or speak English, were wholly
Incapable of meeting the terms of the
law and are unable to cope with the
dangers encountered ln mining. But
what does a little perversion of the
law amount to when strike breakers
are needed, and what if the inexperience ot these unfortunate wretches
does lead them Into unknown dangers
and death? 'ihough the death toll be
great the ghastly greed of the dominating forces must be appeased, and
though many of these unfortunates
will perish some will survive and become part of the machinery necessary
to crush tbe striking miners who are
striving to tree themselves of fiendish
greed by upsetting the despotism of
the Canadian Collieries Company. One
curious feature of conditions here is
that although they have Been the
labor In the fishing industries monopolized by Japanese, and can see the
white workers in the lumber Industry
gradually being displaced by Hindoo
workers, and the white man engaged
In the mining Industry slowly supplanted by Chinese and Japanese, tbe
priggish and patriotic "Canuck" still
continues to rave about the Invasion
of a foreign labor union, and JuBt will
persist In shouting their hackneyed
phrase, "Canada for the Canadians."
Ida Fuller and Her Dancing
Nymphs, one of the moet gorgeous and
spectacular terpslchorean novelties of
the present day In vaudeville, will be
the beadllner for the week commencing Monday matinee, April 7th, at the
orpheum Theatre. Miss Fuller, who
Is a sister-in-law. *>f the famous La
Lole, has expended more than 110,000
on this act, which played tbe big .Orpheum Circuit last season, and it is
declared by press and public to be
the finest of Its kind. Miss Fuller Is
s terpslchorean artiste par excellence
and her cOrephees come from the famous European ballet schools, so that
should be sufficiency. Vancouver audiences will doubtless enjoy this Spectacle, as it Is so different from the
general run of vaudeville acts.
Another headline act next week will
be the old favorites, Mr. and Mrs. Mark
Murphy, who will return In another of
their Irish sketches called "Tbe Coal-
Strike." They were here a little over
a year ago ln "Clancy's Ghost," and
were the laughing hit of the bill. This
sketch Is said to be even better snd
presented by sueh artists sb Mr. and
Mrs. Murphy lt will be well worth
VllmoB Westony, the celebrated
Wagnerian pianist, will also make his
reappearance and will be the third
headliner on a bill that for quality
has never been excelled in Vancouver. He returns tbls season with ths
greatest repertoire of his career and
comes direct from a triumphant tour
of Great Britain, where be returns
upon the expiration, of his Sullivan
ft Consldlne contracts,
Marie La Varre, the pet of tbe
Parisian music-halls, will make her Initial appearance ont here next week.
She is a singing comedienne, and Infuses plenty ot ginger and spice into
her songs. Her gowns are the latest
word In the Parisian styles snd these
with her own pulchitrude wtll make
her a dazzling picture in the spotlight.
Ernest Rackett Is another newcomer out this way, but it will not
take bim long to become a favorite,
as he is naturally clever. He is a
song-writer and sings his own songs.
He also tells a number of torles thst
have a punch to them and all in-all
delivers an act that tickles the risibilities of vaudeville audiences.
Hall & Clark, known as the perfect physical cultuiists. These boys
made a big bit at the New York Hippodrome last season; and wltb their
claSBy and well executed acrobatic
tricks are in a sphere by themselves.
They will introduce several novelties
that will keep the audiences on the
qui vlve. There will be the usual
new motion pictures and up to date
musical selections by tbe Concert
Orchestra under the leadership of W.
There has been a good deal.of dls
cusslon lately on British Columbia
aws as relating to women .A statement ot some of these laws may be of
Education and disposition of the,
Child.—A mother has no right of-possession In her legitimate child.
" The father has sole authority in the
edhcatlon and disposition of his child,
though the mother Is equally responsible tor Its maintenance.
The rather has the right to arrange
by will the guardianship and education of his child, even before Its birth,
till It shall be 21 years of sge.
The consent of the father or guardian Is necessary to the marriage-of
minors of either sex under 21 years
of age, but the consent of the mother
is not necessary if the father, or
guardian appointed by him, consents.
A girl of 11 yeara or a boy of 14
years may be legally married In this
In the case of a deserted wife the
husband has the right to collect and
use the earnings of their minor children. He may also collect snd use his
wife's wages in some cases.
A wife Is not entitled to dower in
any land In the ownership of her husband. He may sell It or give It away
without consulting her. This holds
good even If the wife's money helped
to buy tt. He may leave her penniless.
A widow's portion.—If the husband
should die without a wtll, the widow
has one-third interest for life In all
real estate Owned by him at his death.
If a widow and children survive, the
widow gets the use of one-third of the
real estate, the children Inherit two
thirds and at her death the mother's
It there are no children, one-naif of
a man's estate "oes to *•'- widow, the
other half to his own people, however remote the relationship. If no
next-of-kin can be found It may go to
the crown.
If an unmarried son or daughter die
without a will, leaving a father,
mother, brother and sisters, the father
Inherits lt all, the mother nothing, unless the property came through her,
when she Inherits a life Interest In it.
A minor (under 21) cannot make a
Attempts to reform these laws have
again and again been made but have
always failed, and must inevitably fail
so lohg as women have no represen
tatlon In the legislature.—The Pioneer
Captain—Private Murphy, why
should a soldier be ready to die for
his country?
Murphy (after searching his head for
a moment)—-"tire. Captain, you're
quite right. Why should he?
Girls' Wages Being Raised.
Advices received through the labor
presB Indicate that already the wages
of young girls and women engaged In
industry on this continent are being
"voluntarily" raised by employers as
a result of the publicity given to the
subject through "investigations" and
tbe reports of same In the daily press.
The most drastic changes, however,
have been made where the employees
organized into unions.
Ills of Industry
That Industrialism is the principal
Cause of the filling of jails and insane
asylums, the killing off ot one-third
of all babies in the first year of their
life, and tbe restricting of other
births, Ib declared by Dr. M. G. Schapp,
professor of neuropathology at Cornell
University, in an address here recently at the conference 'on mental hygiene. "Degeneration and race suicide
increase with Industrial supremacy
and the stress of modern competition
Is the cause of much of the insanity.
Employment of women ln factories
and the almost ceaseless, activity demanded of all classes ln efforts to retain their positions are leading causes
in the breakdown of mental health.'
' Printers' Federation ■
Kalamazoo, Mich., March 22.—The
employment bureau In connection with
the Michigan Printers' Federation has
proven a success, in that the local
unions of the State are now Informed
as to the state of trade, and have also
been able to place a number of men
who were out of work, or wbo wished
to change. In a recent report Issued
a statement is made that KalamazOo
recently secured a new three-year
agreement with a raise ln wages. Port
Huron union also secured a three-year
agreement with a raise all round.
Pontlac secured a new scale and a
two-year agreement. At prsent Tra
verse City, Battle Creek and Houghton
are negotiating for new scales. The
next convention of the Michigan Fed
eratlon of Typographical unions will
he held in Danslng, Mich., January 23
and 24.   -
In Rotten Russia
Remarkable statistics have been laid
before the Duma recently with regard
to the population of the Russian prisons.
It appears that between the years
1905 and 1911 the number of prisoners
In Russia had Increased by 96,000 and
that the increase was largely among
the political prisoners. From 1903 to
1911 the expense of all departments
concerned had Increased by 85 per
Acts of terrorism in Russia during
the last few years have been of rare
occurrence. It Is not anarchism which
Is filling the prisons but trade unionism and Socialism. The information
regarding the prisons was laid before
the Duma as a result of Inquiries Instituted Into the large number of cases
of suicide reported from the prisons.
Owing to the scarcity of coal,
caused by the trouble between the
miners and mine owners on Vancouver Island, coal from New Zealand,
Australia and Japan is now coming
into tbe markets of the Pacific Northwest This fact should furnish food
for. thought for the exponents of a
general strike of miners.
It Is strange but true tbat the
United States Navy Yard at Bremerton, Washington, receives much of Its
coal supply from the Pocahontas field
of West Virginia. This coal is loaded
Into vessels at Newport News and
freighted 16,000 miles around Cape
Horn, before reaching Its destination
at Bremerton. This practice should
make It obvious that, with the necessity of the long haul around the Horn
removed by the opening of tbe Panama Canal, it will be entirely practicable to ship coal from the Pacific
coast of British Columbia to the Atlantic seaboard, and to some degree
denotes the magnitude of the work
confronting tbe United Mine Workers
of America.
Alberta Cost Mlnss.
A Coal Mines Regulation Act for Alberta has been passed by the'Leglsla-
ture of that province and will become
law as soon as it haB received the formal assent of the Lieutenant Governor,
Important Items ln connection with
the amendments asked for by the Mine
Workers have been put through, and
Include election of checkweighmen by
employees, Independent Inspection,
and two-weekly pay.
The Act will come into force immediately it has received the assent of
the Lieutenant-Governor, and all wages
must be paid as provided In. the Act,
notwithstanding any existing agreement between tbe mine operators and
the miners. The amendment Ib provided by the addition to the following
sub-section to clause 34, which states
how wages shall be paid:
' "All wages earned by any person or
persons employed In or about a mine
from the.first day to the fifteenth day
of each month, both days Inclusive,
shall be paid on the first Saturday in
the following month, and all wages
earned from the sixteenth dn" to the
last day of each month, both days In
elusive, shall be paid on the third Sat
urday of the following month—provld
ed, however, that If the first or third
Saturday is a holiday, the wages payable on such Saturday shall be paid
on the Friday next preceding such Saturday."
Another Important amendment asked
for by the miners was Inserted In the
bill on motion of Hon. A. J. McLean.
This Is In regard to inspection of tho
mines periodically, and the examination of a mine after .an accident.
Clauses 90 and 91 of the act, as lt
stood provided that the men who undertook this inspection must be working miners elected from workingmen
ln mines. The amendment makes lt
possible for miners to appoint for such
purposes ot this Inspection, any two
persons residing .in the province whe
are practical miners, and have had
not less than five ears' experience In
underground work.
Four clauses In the act relating lo
duties of engineers and firemen and
mechanical workera were struck out,
and the clause substituted, which
states that no person shall stop any
fan, or alter tbe speed of any ventilating fan, until the manager haB had
the opportunity to withdraw the men
from the mine.
Merry England
Death by starvation claimed 102 per
sons ln England during 1912, of which
forty-four were residents of London
and fifty-eight In Provinces, according
to a report Issued by White Paper of
the Loral Government, laondon police
made returns on a recent Saturday
showing that one in every forty-one of
the population were paupers, and the
total number of such were 109,462.
This is exclusive of 3,811 sick pauper*
and 19,682 crazy. In the latter class
there were 3.552 children, exclusive of
Imbeciles. The London Times claims
1912 was a year of unprecedented trade
prosperity and "the deplorable conditions evidenced by the increase of
pauperism Is duo to labor disputes."
Carpenters Get Agreement,
The carpenters of Scranton have se
cured an agreement for three years
with the master carpenterB. It provides
for the wages remaining unchanged
for this year, the scale of 42 1-2 cents
to be continued until January 1, 1914.
It Ib then agreed that the carpenters
shall receive 45 cents an hour and In
1915 thev will receive another Increase
to 47-1-2 cents per hour, and ln 1916,
the last year of tht agreement, they
are to receive 50 cents per hour. Provision Is also made for. a semi-monthly pay day.
Don't you think It Ib time you
thought of the future of your kiddles,
when you are again called on to register your opinions at the ballot-box?
Cease being a slave forging chains for
them and yourself, and Join the army
of .rebels. You will feel like a man
then.   Register!
Hardware Store
Tou, will always find bargains here in- Shelf Hardware,'
Cutlery, Mechanics' Tools, Bnamelware, Stoves and
A Jew of the real bargains in Mechanics' Tools this week;
Carpenter Aprons, 7-pocket with
legs _.... _..75t
Carpenter Aprons, 7-pocket with
straps   ..76c
6, 7 and 8-ln. Insulated Lineman
Plyers, reg. values to 11.00, all
sites j . ...75c
6-in. Combination Plyers, rag.
60c, for ...40o
fin. Gas Plyers, reg. Wc for..45c
:i-iu. Gas Plyers, ng, 96c for..Wc
6-in. Bell Hangers Plyers, rejr.
86c for -.™^„„™_
Sin. Ball Hangers Pirers, reg.
IL60 tor ! TSe
7-ln. Combination Plyers, nt
75c (or J ,—, Me
vln. Combination Plyers, n»
11.00 tor -_, Me
Disston Brick Trowels, all sines,
reg. |S,M tor™-: I til
*. 7 and 8-Inch Combination *—■
ery Oil Stones, Nf, raises to
(.1.00, all slass..~......-.__M«
Phone Seymour 3472-3473
Hardware and Tools
.- , 9j A.splendid stook of the best in tho world's market.
We make a specialty ot supplying every need and requirement of the artisan in our line,
7 Hastings Street West
Phons Seymour <M
Shoes for Herrice
Shoes  for- Dress
Shoes for Comfort
Shoes for _t_r_ ___t___m_\
We've pioked winners in Men's Fall Shoes, We're at .the I
of every man who desires the best shoes his money oan buy.
WT     ft R P    2M MAIN STREET
•  J*    V* IV  IV Opposite the City HsO   ,
Named Shoos Aro Frequently
Made In Non-Union Factories
no matter what its name, unless it bears a
plain and resdsbls Impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without ths Union Stamp ate
always Non-Union.
Boot A Shoe Workers' Union
246 Summer Stmt Boston, If ass. «.
J. P. Tobin, Pros.    C. L. Bains, sec-Tress.
Patronize Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
Where cvi
"Work with tbe President and
tbe President wortis with you"
VnsMeat Saspsadess Oaanatsea
Brewed (rom ihe very best imported Hops, clean selected
Barley Malt, and Capilano Water.  It's a clean, pure, food
Ionic—nothing betle lor a man.   Costs but lithe dozen
Pints; $2 the dozen Quarts.   At all dealers
Vancouver Breweries, Limited PAGE POUR
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Provinoe and World eaoh day (or
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the. benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a oopy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake in baying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
146 Hastings W.   NO Orsnvllle
lit Hastings w.
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main St. Formerly at 440
TABCOUTM, ». 6.	
137 Cordova Street VV.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Stoves, and Nice Warm
for the cool weather at
StT Oranvllle Street Cor. Smy the
Phone Say. 8745
r*n WITH
Furniture Co.
Wide-Awake Furniture
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3887
Is your name on the hew voters'
Mr. Union Man
Here is the place to
buy a union-made
We carry the largest
assortment of union-
made hats in
'    STIFF
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
8.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
$2,00 Hats
oaelaloifM ef nt Socialist Sfcrty
Head Offl.ce: 193 drays Inn Road,
London, England.
labeoriptlon Kates i
12 month.....40c        Th. "Wetern
' "^ StanlSht
fiih.i. Hnn«.. ra best paper In the
Single coplea do.,   world.
Host up-tcHiate Baths ia the
dty.  Hot Room, Steam Room,
Massage anl Swimming Tank.
All Included for One Pries, 11.00
Hastings anl Carrall sts,
Pete Bancroft, Prop.
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 798
Berry Bros.
Atsnt. for Cleveland Cycle.,
"*kt Weyole with the Bep*«at.oa»
Full lln. of acce.Horl.K
Repair, promptly executed
tit -uasnraa st, a.
 none Seymour T50S	
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
Q When you buy your suits
from us you are doing to. We
employ union workmen only.
4J In dealing with ut you ate
helping yourself in another way,
became you are enured of the
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
Auctioneer and
Commission Dealer
Open to conduct sales anywhere In city. Ooods received
anl soil on commission. Weekly
auction sales of tools, furniture
anl household effects held every
Saturday afternoon and evening
at our Salesrooms.
Nssr Msln 8t.
PHONE SET. 1579.
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Bastings  Street  West
A Credit to Union Workmanship
New Westminster, Mar. 26. — The
regular meeting ot the New Westminster Trades and Labor Council was
held on the above date, President
Stoney In the chair.
Reports of Committees,
laabor Day Committee, Bel. Glbb re.
ported having secured Queen's Para
tor use ot unions on Labor Day, and
that the last committee meeting was
very poorly attended. He asked that
the Labor Day celebration be made, a
special order of business at the next
meeting of the council. Report received, request granted.
Entertainment committee reported
having nothing on hand at present, and
the chair suggested the committee
should act in concert with the Labor
Day committee.   Report received.
The committee on organiser report,
ed the St. Ry. Employees as not having yet decided on the 15c capita tax.
No report had been received from the
barbers. Report received. Committee
Reports of Unions.
Typos—All   working.   The   Royal
Theatre will at an early date exhibit
a series of Alms showing how the flght
against tuberculosis Is being carried
on ln the Colorado Home for incurables maintained by the International
Typographical Union.
Bartenders—All working.
Clgarmakers—All working again.
Street   Railway   Employees — All
working except a number of car shop
A. S. Carpenters—A few idle men.
Barbers—All working.   King's Hotel
shop haB signed up.   Walker's   and
Magee's still unfair.   Olbbs, Kundfien,
that King's Hotel barber shop be taken
off the unfair list.
Teamsters report many idle men,
U. B. Carpenters—Some men Idle.
Taken all round the situation is not
so good aa a year ago.   Many nonunion Jobs can he found.
Painters—Men nearly all working.
Many non-union men ln town.
Federal Labor Union—Just getting
started; have a great deal of organ,
lzatton work ahead ot them.
Newsboys—Have 20 members and
are trying to get the delivery boys to
join. The manager of the Province
office had said that he would fire any
ot his boys .who Joined the union.
These boys get from 11.60 to "MO
per week and are afraid of losing
their jobs, and consequently difficult
to organise..
Plumbers report that business is
picking np a little.
New Business.
Wardrope Grant, that' election' ot
organiser be postponed until a report
ts received from all the unions and
that each union be asked to nominate
candidate. Motion ruled out of order.
Delegates D. S. Cameron and H.
Knudsen were nominated for the position of local organiser and on the ballot being taken, Del. Knudsen received
15 votes and Del. Cameron 14, and
Del. Knudsen was declared elected to
fill the position, dutleB to begin April
1st. On motion the salary was fixed
at (30 per week.
The letter of the Progressive Association asking this council to cooperate In a "Buy B. C. Produce" campaign created considerable discussion.
Moved and seconded that the Progressive Association be notified tbat
this council stands In favor of a civic
commission and supply house, run by
the city council at cost of maintenance where the consumer can deal
directly with the producer.
Amendment: That the matter be
left to a committee to confer with the
Progressive Association regarding the
Further amendment that the letter
he re-addressed to the writer thanking him for his Information. Amend-,
ment lost  Original motion carried.
On motion the Secretary was Instructed to write the chairman label
committee, Vancouver, notifying him
that tbere Ib no boycott ln this council on the News-Advertiser
The legislative assembly of the'
province of Alberta was dissolved on
March 25th and an election Is to take
place on April 17th. Nominations by
the various political parties are being
made all over the province. Up to
late the socialist party have four men
in the field: O. Paton In Red Deer, R.
Burge In Calgary, J. R. Knight in Calgary,, and C. M. O'Brien ln the Rocky
Mountain riding. W. B. Powel, late
president of District 18, United Mine
Workers of America, is nominated for
the Rocky Mountain riding on the
Liberal-Labor ticket, as also Is Alex
Ross In North Calgary. The surprise
Is provided by J. O. Jones, vice-president of District in United Mine Workers of America. He is nominated by
the labor party In Lethbrldge and endorsed by the Liberals of tbat city,
who are not putting up a candidate.
Mr. Jones' position seems somewhat
anomalous, having In view the fact
the convention of his organization, which was held in Lethbrldge a
few weeks ago, endorsed socialism as
the political expression of the working clasB.
C. M. O'Brien is the unanimous
choice of the working class in the
Rocky Mountain riding and it is possible the Liberals and Conservatives
will concede his seat and make his
election "by acclamation. In the other
constituencies lt Is anticipated that
the Socialists will make a vigorous
campaign, and' amongst the farmers
anticipate showing a surprising growth
ln their vote from the men who are
supposed to he suffering under the
burden of prosperity that the Liberals
claim to be so broadcast In tbe province.
The Flour and Cereal Mill Employes'
Union of Lethbrldge makes announcement as follows:
"To organized labor and friends.—
This will advise you of the agreements
being duly sighed by the American
Federation of Labor and the two Flour
Mills In Lethbrldge, the Taylor Milling
Company and"the Ellison Milling Company. Both mills employ union labor
exclusively on an eight-hour day although the agreements call for at least
nine hours. These are the only mills
In Canada carrying the label of the A.
F. Of L,
"It will be for the benefit of organized labor to support and buy the product of these mills, now that the companies operating them have shown that
they are fair towards their employes
by sighing the agreements. The product of these mills haB attained a high
place on the market.
"For the present the sticker label of
the A. F. of L, will be pasted.on the
bags until another is decided upon."
The march of trades unionism, from
Its earliest Inception, Is marked with
the wrecks and failures of low dive,
and cheap John Institutions that might
possibly flourish during times of peace,
but which have lamentably failed In
the hour of stress and storm.
The electrical workers in New Westminster were formed Into local union
No. 658 on Saturday evening, 125 becoming charter members. Fifty more
are members of the Vancouver local,
and will ask for transfer cards to the
New Westminster local this week. Officers elected are as follows:
President, William Utterback; vise-
president, O. E. Woodward; recording
secretary, S. R. Clough; financial secretary, B. W. Sherwood; treasurer,
Tom Rennle; first inspector, R. C.
Harker; second Inspector, J. J. Doo-
lan; foreman, F, A. Bower; trustees,
M. Pratt, A. McGregor, J. W. Maine;
delegates to Trades and Labor Council, al. T. Fenton and Ben Sherwood.
Typos Recommend New Westminster
At the regular monthly meeting of
Typographical Union No. 682,- New
Westminster, a resolution was Introduced and passed authorising the officers of the looal union to use tbelr
best endeavors to have the International Union Invest several thousand
dollars of Its surplus funds In bonds
of this city, as the local union believed It would be one of the safest
and best investments that the International Unton could make with Its
funds. Already the union has Invested
about (80,000 In bonds of Ottawa,
Toronto, Victoria, anl olttes In the
United States.
Many people who are not deeply Interested In hours, of labor anl rates
ot wages would' be quite Intensely Interested to know that something they
put on ther chldren came out ot a
tenement where there was contagious
Employers turn to this sweated labor In the home and tenement because
ll is very cheap; but for the community lt Is very dear.
(Continued from Page One.)
boss that the company did not pay
anything for handling dirt."
William Langden: "I woiked a
ploce where I handled 8 and 9 cars of
rock each day. I earned (54.80 ln 25
days. I complained and was told that
It I did not like -t I could take out my
The above quotations are. only samples and are not an exaggeration of
the testimony of numerous other witnesses who testified before the commission, and are quoted only a additional evidence to prove the unscrupulous practices and ravenous greed
of the Canadian Collerles Company,
Furthermore, tt was developed before the commission that the employees of this company have been contributing to an accident and sick fund,
of which the company's general manager is the custodian, and which was
created to care for the funeral and
medical expense of killed, Injured and
sick employees, At the Inception of
this lockout there was a combined Bur-
plus of (8000 in this fund, which, by
every manner, ot reasoning, belongs to
the men who paid lt In, but, notwithstanding, the compan have paid nothing Into this fund their general manager now refuses to allow the creators
of the surplus to reap any of the benefits therefrom, but is expending It to
care for men .who were imported to
fill the places of the men who created
the fund,
This coal retails In Vancouver City
and Victoria for. prices ranging trom
(8.60 to (10.00 per ton, so that both
the producers and consumers are being
pillaged and the" loot is going into the
hungry maw of the Canadian Collerles
Company, one of whose spokesmen testified that he did not believe ln labor
unions and that he preferred Cj.teamen
to white workmen. The reason Is obvious.
Evidently fearing the light Of publicity, the real culprits who are responsible for the policies of this company did not appear before the commission in defense of their merciless
and thieving practices, but remained
ln the background* and sent a few petty subordinates-to the front, who, In
the main, testified that they were
without power to answer tor the actions of the company. And this Is the
company whose officers, while deserving the scorn and mental lashing of
every decent and Justice-loving msn,
wields sufficient power to have maintained at the expense of an already
outraged public an army of special
provincial police to protect them ln
their villainy, and whose general manager has decreed that the United Mine
Workers of America must be driven
from Vancouver Island.
(Continued from Page One,)
cases reported of accidental Injury,
and only 971 claims were allowed. Five
cases resulted in death, and six from
the loss of a limb, with the total.expenditure of (14,094.65. Here we see
a startling Btate ot affairs, and no
wonder the workers complain of tbe
scant benefits they receive from the
fund. Had the company been compelled to live up to the Compensation
Act of Nova Scotia, the beneficiaries
ot the five men killed would have absorbed half ot the amount used by the
company to settle all Its claims. What
a Btate It is producing In the homes of
tbe people who have had the misfortune to lose their breadwinner: Case
No. 1—The husband got killed last
March and the company gracefully allowed the widow, with a family of five
chlldrene, the munificent.sum of (40.
Fortunately the man had a policy in
a life Insurance company for the sum
of (500, which was immediately paid.
The poor widow appealed In vain to
the management to do something, but
the fact of her husband trying to protect his future outside the company's
gigantic fizzle was enough to outlaw
her ln their eyes. Out of her little
store she bought a horse and cart for
her boy and we find this lad of 13
years of age hauling coal to keep his
mother and her family of four other
small children. Each load of eoal returns 50* cents, the boy Is compelled to
shovel it all on and off; If things are
fair he gets from 6 to 8 loads a day,
thus we see a mere child moving trom
3 to 4 tons of coal a day to make a
living for the family and working
from daylight to dark.
Another case of sickness I visited
was that of a man with a wife and
four children; he had worked-for the
company for a number of years. He
paid (10.50 for four rooms not St to
call a stable. He had tried to be
thrifty, and was a total abstainer, hut
with only two weeks' Illness he found
himself on the verge of starvation.
He had hardly known what it was to
have a holiday ln seven years, work
ing seven days a week, 12 and 14
hours a day.
Another case of death and the helplessness of the widow. She lost her
husband through circumstances arising out of his employment. He had
not been working long enough to come
within tbe meaning of a permanent
employee, to make her a beneficiary
under the rules of the benefit society.
However her appeals to the company
brought forth the liberal response of
an allowance of (46. Her husband
had (7.25 to come In wages, making a
total of (62.26. As against this
the company charged the following:
(1.00 hospital, (1.60 doctor (1.50 ambulance, and (62 tor funeral expenses,
leaving the poor widow ln debt to the
Another poor fellow was unfortunate enough to lose the sight of his eye
through an explosion ot metal, and
was allowed (53. When he. was well
enough to return to work he appealed
to be put on. a more suitable Job, but
-Ms request went unheeded, he had to
return to his old occupation. With
oniy one eye the poor fellow could not
meet the exacting conditions of the
industry,-and, not making good, waa
There are scores of cases of a similar character that should emphasise
the necessity of a rigid Investigation,
At the present time there Is an agitation on foot to take over the hospital.. The president of the company
has made an offer to turn lt over if the
olty will arrange to take care of Its
patients, another caae of saddling
their burdens on the public of Sydney,
"hat the hospital Is too small Is very
evident, and the- treatment accorded
the patients, If reports be true, does
not conduce to rapid convalescence,
and with the city's1 demand tor more
hospital accommodation for Its Indigent poor,' the company see an excellent chance of ridding itself of another
of Its burdens that eats Into the prof-
Its, thus posing as a public benefactor,
while getting rid of the necessity of
looking after the workers maimed ln
Its employ.
Now we come to the moral and social welfare of the people. Why has
not the church Joined in this crusade
when its representatives are sent to
minister to the poor and oppressed,
and know of the terrible conditions
existing? While the management of
the company takes a certain amount
of notice of the clergy tt does not
allow them free intercourse with Its
employees. At a meeting of the Presbyterian Board of Missions not so long
ago, a request was placed before that
body that they seek permission from
the company's officials to allow Its
missionaries free access to the workers inside their property line, but with
all the religious interest they have tor
their workers this request has been
refused by the representatives of the
corporation. Efforts made by members
of the church to bring to light tbe
revolting conditions that exist, have
been persistently thwarted, I anow
some good workers in the church who
are as cognizant of these conditions
as I am, and, they recognize their inability to deal with this 'great corporation. However, a spirit of revolt is
developing, and the day is not far distant when the workers in this Industry
and its many subsidiary companies
will be awake to their own power, The
discontent prevalent amongst the people Is remarkable, and when the bolt
Is drawn and the floodgate loosened
up, It will produce a revolution that
will awaken Canadians to the fact
that while, they may sing "Britons
Never Shall Be Slaves," that within
our own borders there exists a form
of slavery so revolting and brutalizing
that the very foundations ot our future civilization are affected thereby,
producing a class of Berts as brutalized as any in the history of the world.
These conditions can be seen on the
surface, but what must be the suffering, degradation and misery of ihe
people that does not come to light.
So let the government of the country
be humane enough to establish a fair
and impartial Royal Commission, to Investigate and probe Into this evil with
the hope of making life worth living
In this Dominion of Canada: the
boasted home of freedom and opportunity.
Make 320 a Bay
— luttou ill Um met
J2L*-*? _"___****-.  ftMllla-
___ •_____ iw..ji»fthi   Mfft&i
Frovlnclal ItoettoM Aot
Notice Is hereby given that the list of
voters for the Vancouver City Electoral
District has been cancelled, and that applications to be placed on the voters'
lUt will be received at my offlce at 601
Pender Street W., Vancouver, where
printed forms of affidavit to be used *i»
nupport of an application to vote will
be supplied.
Tbe list of persons claiming to vote
will be suspended from and after the
seventh day of April, 1913, and a Court
of Revision will be held on the nineteenth day of May, 1913, and notice of
objections to the Insertion of any name
on the register of voters must be given
to me thirty clear days before the holding of the Court of Revision.
Dated this 4th day of March, 1911
Registrar of Voters for the Vancouver
City Electoral District.
Miners9 Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1- Per Year
Miners' Magazine 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
Ask Your BARBER For
Quality tha Bast
a. o. iusibi nwnr oo.
SIT ,	
Good and Reliable
Always to be had at ths
Imperial Wine
54 Cordova Stbbut West
Phonic Bar. 955
For Ladies and Gentlemen
Do you know that Nature will respond to
Nature's call. A natural formula will in certain .
cases do what medicine will not. For rheumatics,
lumbago, la grippe, colds; in fact, many, other conv- -
mon complaints, too numerous to mention, will find
almost instant relief by having a Bath by our new
On Monday, March 24
Sultan Turkish Baths
Were Opened to the Public
The management feel that they are filling a
long-felt want by inaugurating in Vancouver a custom that is followed in all large cities in Canada,
United States and Europe, namely, devoting a certain part of the day to the ladies of this city, The
Baths will be open every day, except Sunday, from
the hours of 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. for use of ladies only.
During those hours none but lady attendants are in
charge of the Baths. Between the hours of 6 p.m.
nnil 10 a.m., and all day Sundays, the Baths are open
for men only and in charge of male attendants only. |
We have secured the services of expert lady masseuses, and masseurs of wide experience, who will
look after the comfort of our patrons.
Not only have we the Sultan Turkish Bath, but.
also the Russian system. The dry hot room, one of
the main features of a Turkish Bath, has accommo-
• dation for over forty at once, the largest on the '
Pacific Coast. In connection is a steam room, fine
marble rubbing slabs, a plunge 40x20, 6% feet deep,
shower baths, 24 single rooms and a palatial lounging room. The management have gone to considerable expense, with only one objective view, the comfort and welfare of their patrons. We invite the
public, and especially invite the physicians of Vancouver, to inspect our premises. After having done
so, we feel secure in the belief of their patronage.
Sultan Turkish Baths
Phone 2664       HOLDEN BLK.    ^Hastings St E
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
your SPRING suit
Should be Tsilot-msde and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock lo select (ran
FRED PERRY Ubor Tempk Tailor
Corner Homer ud Duumuir Slreeu
Gardening Season Is Here
All Sorts of Hardware tor Building Purposes
Paints, Oils, Stoves, Flshlnt Tsekle, CuUsry
Natty Clothes for Knowing Boys
It you don't bring your boy hen for his clothes you ought to,
We have styles suitable to every age from the little ohsp of two years
to the budding slant of slxteeh. The most fastidious boy will lind soms-
thlng In our stock classy enough to satisfy him.
Our suite for style, make and value oan not be excelled In the olty,
of this we are confident, Including as they do the very nobbiest shapes and
clothes obtainable.
Remember—Whatever else you forget, that our prices are reasonable
—, _*.*•—•——• ———
M. Sey. IM
108 Hastings Street East
Agents for
Cycles   for Hire
Expert Repairing
W. H. Morrison, Prop.
Phone Seymour 2794
Union Made Paper
The. Only Shop
in British Col-
Kir stock bear-
g the watermark (label) of
al Paper-makers Union
Mill Olden Promptly Filled
Phone Seymour 824


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