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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 7, 1913

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Array THE
FIFTH YEAR.   NO. 100.
No. 711.   Watch' your, address label.
♦1.00 A YEAR
' At the third annual convention ot
the B. 0. Federation ot Labor in Victoria, Mr. Robert Foster,, president ot
District 28, U. M. W. ot. A„ In the
course of his speech on the situation
in Cumberland and Ladyimlthi said In
"1 would like to hear this convention voice tbelr sentiments before we
leave, and state whether they think
there could be any preuure or power
brought to bear by thli convention
that would help us to meet the management of these mines, and have a
conference with them, I am quite
sure that if the eiecutive here would
have a conference with these men,
and they would come to reason at all,
we would possibly have a satisfactory
settlement of this struggle."
The convention subsequently by a
unanimous vote adopted the following:
Resolution No. 70—By Delegate
Robert Foster, representing District
.28, U. M. W. of A.—Whereu there
exists in the province of, British Columbia an unnecessary Industrial conflict between the United Mine Workers ot District 28 and the Canadian
Collieries Company, which Is bringing
needless suffering and hardship to
that portion of our citlsens In Cumberland and Ladysmlth, and causing
Industrial demoralisation and unnecessary high prices for a necessary commodity; therefore be lt resolved, that
.the B. C. Federation of Labor aak the
Hon. Sir Richard McBride, premier of
British Columbia, to use the power of
his office to bring about a conference
between the contending forceB in
order that a settlement of the trouble
may be arranged and our citlsens be
protected; and be It further resolved,
tbat the B. C. Federation of Labor ask
each affiliated local to ask the Honorable Premier to work to this end,
On January 20th, being Monday Immediately-following the adjournment
of the convention, the following memorandum was submitted to Sir Richard
McBride, as a separate and special
Re Miners' Strike it Cumberland.
Whereas there exists ln the province
at the present time, an unnecessary industrial conflict between the'miners of
Cumberland and Ladysmlth and the
Canadian Collieries Company, which Is
bringing needless suffering and hardship to tha^ portion of our citlsens In.
the above-mentioned localities; therefore be It resolved that the B, C. Federation of Labor ask the Hon, Sir
Richard McBride, K.C.M.G., premier o(
British Columbia, to use hits good
offices for the purpose of bringing
about a conference between the contending forces, th order that a settlement may be arranged.
The executive deemed lt expedient
to avoid all delay In bringing the
question tb his attention. The correspondence between Sir Richard and
Mr. Coulson, the general manager ot
the company, has already been published In The Federatlonist, Further
correspondence on tbe subject of a
conference between the men and the
management Is inserted and wtll show
more fully the attitude of the company on the matters, even meeting the
resolution was unanimously adopted,*
stating the dispute and requesting the'
Hon. Sir Richard McBride, K.C.M.G.,
to use his, good office In an endeavor
to brjng about a conference between
the miners and the management.
The writer had the honor ot placing
that request before Sir Richard, who,
ln turn, was good enough to write you
expressing hli great desire to see a
settlement effected. Your reply to Sir
Richard contains, amongst others, two
polnti which appeal to me, ai one desirous of seeing a settlement ot this
dispute, and which are responsible tor
this letter; one Is the statement that
you have, at nil times, been willing to
meet a committee of the men.      ,
This conciliator}- attitude of the
company has evidently been misunderstood by the men or they would
have taken advantage of lt ere this.
The other point, 1 notice with pleasure,
Is your expression of regret at the
hardships which the men and their
families have experienced aa a result
of thli dispute,
On the strength of these statement*
from you, I offer my services ln an
endeavor to bring about a conference
between a committee of the men Involved in the dispute and yourself or
your authorised representative with a
hope of finding a basis of settlement,
I have the honor to be, sir, sincerely
President British Columbia Federation
of Labor. .
Victoria, February 14,1913.
Christen Siverts, Esq., President B.
C. Federation ol Labor, 1278 Den-
man St., Victoria, B.C.
Dear Sir:    I beg to acknowledge
your favor of February 12th enclosing
me a copy of your letter to Mr. W. L.
Coulson, manager   of the   Canadian
Co'lierlep    (Dunsmuir), Limited, ana
will be glad to bring your vlewi to hla
I am most desirous of seeing harmonious relations   re-established between the company and the mlnen.
Yours very truly,
Victoria, B.C., January 25,1213.
Mr. Christian Siverts, President B. C.
Federation of Labor, Victoria, B.C.
Dear Sir: On my return from the
mines, I find your esteemed favor of
the 12th Inst., In which you refer to a
resolution of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, adopted at their annual convention recently held In this city.
Sir Richard McBride has already
forcibly drawn our attention to the
resolution and kindly offered his good
offices to bring about' a settlement of
the existing difficulties at Cumberland
and Ladysmlth.'
We have already explained to the
Premier that the settled policy ot our
company Ib such that we cannot meet
In conference other than actual employes of our company. 1 These we are
ot all times ready to meet in friendly
Thanking you for your kindly Interest ln this connection, I am, yours
very truly,
General Manager.
rr.sia.nt». C-TMsratlon of Labor, Who
Haa aatanaa* ail Ooo* Offloa* u aa
Xatsnudlarv In Mtttarat ot Tanoou-
Business Agent Ruasell Kearley of
the Fishermen'! Union advises the
Federatlonist that on Tuesday last the
Canadian Fish and Cold Storage Co. of
Prince Rupert signed an agreement
with the union, conceding the com-
promlee termi and giving nil recognition to the union. Ai a remit 48 fteb-
ennen left the same evening ter the
banks on board the 8. S. Beatrice.
With the signing of this agreement
there only remain! one other concern,
the New England Fill: Co., to fall Into
line, and io hard praised is thl* company for competent Mhermen that lt Is
offering 1% centi, or *& of a cent
higher than the union icale, for men
willing to forsake the principle of collective bargaining.    ]
The executive committee of the Alberta Federation of Labor, headed by
President'J, O. Jones and Secretary-
Treasurer L. T. English, and the executive board members of District 18,'
IT. M. W. of A'., represented by President Clem Stubbs, Beeretary-Treaaiirer
A. J. Carter and Vice-President Jones,
comprised a delegation which waited
upon Premier Slfton and his executive
council at Edmonton last week. Chief
among the representations made by
the union officials was a strong request
for amendments to the Coal Mines
Regulation Act, which Is up for enactment at the present- session, and
'haa already occupied three, or four
days of the Alberta legislature, undergoing "repairs." Advises to hand
from the miners' representatives Indicate favorable consideration ot their
demands at the hands Of the government.
ver Islaad Coal Mioses'
on the new voters'
make a personal appeal tb the manager. Accompanied by tbe president
of the Board of Trade, the member for
Comox and the president of the council representing the Provincial government, all of whom supported the
request for a conference. Mr. Coulson, however, remained obdurate, declining to receive the strikers or any
of them in representative capacity.
Victoria, B.C., 12th February, 1213.
As a last effort and In order to leave
no stone unturned that might bring
, about the conference aimed at and re-
L. Coulson, Esq., Manager Cana-1 quested by the men, the writer, think-
dlan Colliers (Dunsmuir), Limited, j Ing the influence of persons prominent
Victoria, B.C. In commercial and public life, and who
Sir:   Re dispute between the miners; could not be considered as antagonis-
In Cumberland   and   Ladysmlth and j tic to the company, might have weight
your company. | enough with the manager to Induce
At the third annual convention of j him to strain a point in favor of the
the British Columbia Federation   of,objects sought.   Accordingly, on   re-
■,abor, recently held ln this, city, a ceivlng the above reply.   I resolved to
Hot only are they
Canadian manufacture, but they sre
union made, snd no
un.on man ihould
wear any other kind.
The fact tbat they
are union made
proves that they are
well made, and the
name "Peabody" is
your quality guarantee,
For Salt br
COMPARE THEM—Note the fit, yardage, number
o. pockets, finish, eto. There's no other overall that
can hold a candle with them for good values,
LOOK AT THE JAOKETB-They are equally
good, Note the gauntlet cuffs, and the uniform band
collar, and then you'll.be satisfied there's only one
good jacket, and that's the one made by Peabody,
For Sale at the
Hudson's Bay Stores
Special Effort to Be Made to Plaoe
Names on New Voters'
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council met ln regular session last evening with President H. C. Benson In
the chair, Secretary J. W. Wilkinson
ln place, other officers and a goodly
number of delegates present.
New delegates from the Upholster
ers; Electrcal Workers, Moulders, the
Brotherhood of Carpenten, Waitresses, Lathers, Cooks and Assistants,
Letter Carriers, Street Railway Employees and Pattern Makers were received and obligated.   *
A communication was received
from the Brotherhood ot Carpenters,
asking the Council to take steps to
make a protest to the federal government against the exclusion of Org.
Ettor of the I. W. W„ at White Rock
during the week,
Del. McVety supported the request
and upon motion ot Del. Trotter the
letter was referred to new business.
A circular .from the striking Porcupine, Ont, miners regarding prevailing conditions was read, in which the
operations of the Lemleux Act was
vigorously assailed and referred to
delegates to report back to their several unions.    _
A communication from the B. C.
federation of Labor submitting a referendum on amendments to the constitution made at the Victoria convention In January, was referred to new
One ot the recommendations of the
executive committee was that the per
capita tax be raised from 10 cents to
15 cents per quarter, for the purpose
oi making a permanent business agent
for the Council possible. Received and
secretary instructed to submit same
lo a referendum vote of the affiliated
union membership.
Del. McVety reported on behalf of
the committee named to appear before the provincial coal commission.
Secretary Wilkinson and Del. McVety reported regarding their vUlt to
the Brotherhood of Carpenters. Received.
Reports of Unions
Paltners—Reported strike for $4.60
per day and union shop at Victoria.
Trade slack. Int. President Hendrlch
and Int. Organiser Scott In city.
Tile Layers—Reported.. employers
losing money; tew slaves working.
Brotherhood of Carpenters—Reported trade slack.
Moulders—Reported a 100 per cent
organisation and trade picking up.
International organizer in the city.'
Barbers—Reported two new union
shops added to list.
Bakers—Reported that Tip Top
bread had made its appearance on
the local market. It was a rank scab
Lathers—Reported that a small Increase In wages would be asked for,
Civic Employees—Reported trouble
with board of works and men urging
an Investigation, preferably by a federal board.
Teamsters—Reported   progress   in
organisation. Date of meetings changed from Sunday to Monday evenings.
Sheet   Metal     Workers—Reported
trade picking up.
Ettor Deportation
Upon motion of Dels. McVety and
Trotter a resolution was adopted Instructing the secretary to send a protest to H. H. dtevena, M.P., the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada and the
federal authorities against the deportation of Organizer Ettor, on the
grounds that something more than the
holding of opinions should be made
a pretext for such arbitrary action.
A Progressive Libor Weakly.
The name of the Hoqulam (Wash.)
Free Press has been changed to the
Orays Harbor Lsbor Press, with Edward M. Loy ln charge as editor.
Pettlplece Return!.
After an absence of six weeks ln the
east, R. P. Pettlplece Is once more
presiding over the destiny . of The
Federatlonist, which,' during his absence, has been In charge of J. W.
Wilkinson, secretary of the Trades
and Labor Council.
Western Clarion Resusltsted.
The new executive committee of the
Socialist Party of Canada, with headquarters at 2215 Pender Btreet east,
Vancouver, has once more resurrected
the Western Clarion as a party publication, the flrst Issue under the new
arrangement having made Its appearance last week. As* heretofore The
Clarion Is a four-page six-column
paper, and gives promise ot staying
alive this time,
Ix-rikaadal   Mo
Bnthsihooa of
Oerpwttn, wow to-
oatsd at Dewar take, laiiimilium.
Libor Commission
- The provincial labor commission
convened In Vancouver this morning.
Representatives of the B. C. Federation of Labor and Vancouver Tradei
and Labor Council were giving evidence aa the Federatlonallit went to
" Put a'man ed TO'&ef, "andriome-
times he will kick you.
The voters' list ln British
Columbia has been wiped off.the
New lists are to be prepared
and the various political parties
are now hard at work placing
names on the roll.
Several thousands of dollars
were expended by the government In an endeavor to clean
up the old lists, but tbe system
required more drastic action.
-The new lists will be closed
for the1 flrst half-year on April
To those who recognize the
necessity of exercising their
franchise (other than women,
Indians and lunatics) no advice
Is necessary. See that your
name Is placed on the list.
Secretary Wilkinson, of the
Trades and Labor Council, will
be at his office, from 9 a.m. to
5 p.m., room 210, Labor Temple,
for the purpose of receiving application for getting on the new
voters' list.
Come and bring your friends.
Del. BurgeBs said it was a good
move on the part of the employing
class. The I. W. W. corpse had been
revived as a consequence.
Proportional Representation
The clause   (published   elsewhere)
leullns with the question ot representation in the B. C. Federation of Labor
was submitted for consideration.
Del. Midgley opposed its adoption,
Del. Pettipiece supported the adoption'of the amendment. ,
Del. Buckhart was ln favor of sticking to the old reading of the constitution.
Del. Saxby spoke against the
amendment, fearing the control of the
Federation would fall Into the hands
of the miners and carpenters.
Del. McVety favored the Council's
concurrence In the Federation's adoption of the new clause. Coast and Interior unionists should be got cloBer
together and the representation proposed would contribute to that end.
Del. Hurst looked upon the amendment as the sanest proposal yet made
and was justified by the history of
the International labor movement
Del. Sully favored the adoption ot
the amendment.
Del. Kavanagh opposed the amendment, arguing that the larger unions
would be over-represented. Feared the
Injection of the principle of proxy voting.
Del. Trotter pointed out that the
large unions would be limited to only
Ave votes, while the smallest union
would be entitled to at least one delegate. Federation executive's duty was
to carry out the mandate of the convention rather than devising mileage
and other schemes to defeat the convention's Instructions. He favored the
adoption of the amendment.
Del. Burgess opposed the amendment.
Upon the motion being put lt was
lost by a vote of 20 for and 36 against.
The other two amendments were
unanimously concurred ln.
Voters' List
Del. McVety Introduced a motion Instructing a the secretary to ask the
government for the appointment of six
more commissioners to place names on
the voters' list, wblch closes for the
first time on April 7,
The council decided to place Secretary Wilkinson on the Job for two
weeks, in room 210, Labor Temple, for
the purpose of placing names of applicants on the voters' list, with power
to name a substitute If unable to act.
Adjournment at 10.36 p.m.
NOW TOTALS $898.80
Four More Unions Have Afflliated
Since Adjournment of Third
Annual Convention
Following Is a list of unions contributing to the' strike fund of the
miners on strike at Cumberland and
Ladysmlth since the beginning of
the year:
Previously acknowledged $758.50
Electrical   Workers,   No.   213,
Maintenance of day. employees
■ —Nelson	
Typographical Union, Vancouver  .,	
Bartenders Union, Vancouver....
Total to date ...$898.60
Several of the delegates to the laat
convention having requested me to
return to them their credentials, te
they desired to keep them as a souvenir. I have returned all the delegates
their credentials so that those who
wish to retain them may do so.
The following unions have afflllaled
with the Federation since the last convention:
Hod Carriers and Builders' Laborers—Victoria.
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters
Maintenance of Way Employees-
Brotherhood Railway Carmen—
Stay Away from Sin Diego, Cal.
Brothers, greeting: Do not pay any
attention to advertisements In the
papers about carpenters being wanted
here, and that wages are high. This
Ib a false statement. We have more
carpenters here than can get work.
There are not more than twenty
carpenters at work on the Fair
Grounds and they sre not union men,
House rent and living expenses are
extremely high and wagea are very
low.   Fraternally yours,
D. W. BLACKWELL, President.
E. B. TULLY, Secretary.
San Diego, Feb. 22, 1913.
I Intimidation, discrimination, favor-
Itlsm and other things approximating
the murder of the wage-elave'i manhood have recently been charged by
the Civic Employees' - Union against
various city officials, and on thi ancient Biblical principle that whatsoever
measure they have meted should be
meuured to them again the dismissal
of the offending dignitaries hai been
It ll a delicate queitlon; lt le an
awkward situation ln whieh the civic
oommitteea Had themselves.
The members poee ei the friends
of the working men and hitherto tbey
have managed to get away.with the
bluff, because they bave hot been
brought face to face with any specific
instance In which hardship has been
worked on any good union man.
Now they are getting Instances
plenty; the union, seemingly, hai been
saving the caaee np, and already the
thin veneer le rubbing oft end' tbe
committee! of the city council to
which tbe caeee have been itated are
trying all in their power to burke tbe
question end shelve tbe responsibility
on to the shoulders ef the higher authority.
'T was ever thin. Pre-election promises are like the proverbial pie-erect,
made to be broken. Yon can bet that
if ibe committees iee a fit and reasonable opening the slaves of the wage
system are going to get it In the exact
spot where Hiawatha wore the elks'
Higher wagee and shorter hours, as
a means to bettering the conditions ot
the workers, can always be aiked tor
with a reasonable chance tbat fair
consideration will be given to the request, bnt it li quite another thing to
charge, and prove, intimidation and
discrimination on tbe part of officials.
Naturally tbe play must open With
the committee* highly prejudiced In
favor of the officials whose authority
they must maintain. Of course If that
authority li at any time abused the
Kullty party muit go. But It li io difficult to convince a Jury iuch ss the
men must appeal to, a Jury composed
ot committeemen who' will not give
union men any greater recognition
than a non-union man.
But Monday evening next miy see
the council give its consent to the
constitution of a court of Inquiry at
which evidence can be taken on oath.
Then the preponderance ot evidence
may count
It. on the other hand, the council
doee not consent, the Civic Employee!'
Union will probably invoke the aid
of the Lemleux Act, and then there
should he all kinds of healthy fun
The men have undoubtedly got a
strong case, Hiflt should be handled
carefully, without any attempt to bull-
dose the committee; otherwise tbe
very object for which the Inveatlga.
tlon waa Instituted will be defeated.
But there are other Interesting
events happening In'city hall circles,
which are already recovering from the
banal Influence of last year's chief
Under the cheery smile and hearty
laughter of the less pompous but more
wholesome Mayor Baxter officials and
public alike are facing a difficult future with commendable hopefulness.
Thinks to gross laxity during   tha
llonalrae even If the a N. R. toil
transform Halle Creek Into a railway
. Still a big victory wu gained ar
Heesri. J. H. HcVety and JIW. WUs
Union for tbe worken, when through
their reprsentatlone the committee insisted on and obtained a minimum
wige clause.
Of course Cel. Davidson eetU Mt
ne It at tint, but; tbl men en that
occasion bad some staunch uppotten
on the bridge ind railway! committee
and CoL Davidson was made to eee K.
He wu win.
With Mayor Baiter m head ot the
board of police commlnlonen matten
are going along quite quietly In tbe
police department but lt la gratifying
ta note that tbe board li beginning at
home and that punishment speedy ud -
condign hu overtaken an ofloor, who
no matter bow smart he wu u a oo*
•table, proved himself to be a thoroughly despicable cad.   ,
With the result of hli cowardly conduct In tbe shape ot a iturdy tittle
lid. whose christening had anticipated
the wedding ceremony, a young woman made known her downfall te tb*
commlnlonen. Tbe sneak had kept
her dallying along with soft and i
dona promlen until tke expiry ot tb*
time in which ihe could Uglily nek
lome eort of redren and than he bad
cut her off.
Neither tbe commlnlonen nor tb*
chief of police desired to bare each
e man on the force,, even though be
wu able to teach horses clever trleke;
•o they did not even let him mlgn;
they Bred him.
Welland Tradei Counoll
A Tradei and Labor Council bu
been organlted at Welland, Ontario,
and meete ln the Labor Hail. Crate
Street, every second and fourth Friday.   TMe secretary Is B. Rlelly.
"Fid." Rwolvu New Title.
Eastern Labor News: Tbe special
holiday number of the B. C. Federatlonist of Vancouver ia a beautifully
Illustrated edition of 32 pagee, printed
on Ine book piper. Editor Pettipiece
li to be congratulated on lte appear
anee u all previous effort* on the
part of Canadian labor papen la thie
line leem to have bun outdone by th*
labor giant of the Pacific Cout The
Issue li replete with special article!
dealing with the labor movement and
lta history In the cltlei of the cout,
besides containing stirring artcln
from union men ln the front rank ot
the organlied labor movement la
Keen Cut.—"Would you marry him
If you were me?''
"I'd marry onyone that uked me, If
were you."
The Umpire.—"Are you the leader
of this brsss band?"
No," replied the distressed man
with the baton. "Every man In this
band thinks he's a solollst. I'm the
1912 administration the assessment of
the city Is In such a shape that either
the tax rate must be Increased this
year or many necessity Improvements
must be eliminated from the city's
programme of progresslveness. In
other words the estimates will have
to be cut down to the barest minimum.
In'the former cue the taxpayers
will kick consumedly; ln the latter
caBovthe workingmen will suffer, for
work tor the city will not be so plentiful.
Lacking the legal power to raise the
assessment now that the assessor has
given hli dictum the council ll between the devil and the deep in with
the odd! on the former scoring the
It will be Interesting to watch developments, for the Lord only know!
what kind ot a way the council wtll
find out of the labyrinth of difficulties
In whlch.lt Is almost hopelessly Involved,
What's that? The C. N. R. agreement?
Thought you had forgotten that!
The eleotors will have the opportunity of expressing their Ideal it the
poll! thli month and between thli
time and the date for the vote there
will be plenty of talkee-talkee.
But the workers need not think
they are going to be made Into mil-
Mothers and Horses
The dry rows of flgures which make
up the statistical report* often bring
to light very Interesting facte. The
Berlin "Vorwarti" commute caustically on a comparison of itatMIci
which ihowi that ln Germany today
the Amount of money granted annually for the breeding of horses li Infinitely greater than that allowed for
the care of human mothers. In fict
the sum of money (over 1300,000)
•pent on horses In Prussia alone greatly exceeds the amount granted for
the care ot mothers In the whole ot
Germany. This, of course, Indicates
the comparative Importance of horses
and humans! *
Employment In Britain
According to statistics appearing In
the Board of Trade Qasette, employment continue) good during 1912, ud
there wai a general Increase of wages.
This, however, wu to a large extent
discounted by the rise in the price ot
As regards unemployment, the aver
age ot the percentages cf memben ot
unions unemployed at the end of each
month was 3.2 In 1912, u compared
with 3.0 In 1911, 4.7 in 1910 and 7.7 In
1909. The average percentage for 1912
i, however, considerably affected
by the high percentage for the month
of March, due to' the unemployment
caused hy the coal strike. Wagei
showed a decided upward tendency
during the lut nine months of lilt,
the chief Increases being ln tbe coal
mining, textile, engineering and shipbuilding, building ud Iron and steel
Magistrate—You say the man died
a natural death**
Witness—Yes, your worship.
Magistrate—But I thought he wu
Witness—So he was, but he wu
practicing on the trombone at the
new voten*
Ib your name on the
Johnny—Grandpa, do lions go to
Grandpa—No, Johnny.
Johnny—Well, do ministers?
Grandpa—Why, ot course. Why do
you ask?
Johnny—Well, suppose a Hon eats
a minister?
Wife (sobbing to John on his return |
from office)—John, I baked a cake.
John—Well, don't cry, dear.
Wife—But, John, the cat ate It.
John—Don't cry, dear. I'll buy an-|
other cat—National Monthly.
new  voten1
Is your name on the
B. C. F, of L. VOTING
Amendments to the constitution of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, aB adopted at the recent
Victoria convention, have been
submitted to affiliated unions
tor endorsatlon or rejection. The
outstanding Item Is that pertaining to representation, tbe
amendment reading as follows:
"That the bail! of representation shall be one vote for
every hundred members, no delegite to hive more thin five
The old system of representation was one delegate, one vote.
Thousands of B. C. Wage
Workers Wear
Buck Brand
To wear them is to be a
witness for them
Wm. J. McMasler -fie Sons, Ltd.
|l 176-Homer Street Vucouver, B. C, ■sumnmui
The Royal Bank
of Canada
rald-up Capital
Total Assets
I 11,500,000
wa ituw »-
roure a ova
One SoUar will open
open the aoooont, and
yonr businsss will b.
wsloome be It large
oi small
-goad OSes . Vaaeonvsr, B.O.
Aathorina capital n,coo,coo
tt&ribrt oaSitai ues.soc
Vail Op Capital    830,000
The Bank of Vancouver aopro-
clates the confidence placed in lt
by the people, and It ii always
ready and willing to extond every
courtesy oml liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management.
Tom soooont van oordlUly
on »BA»o«Be
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Sts. .
Broadway West Branch, Cor.
Broadway and Ash, Sts.
Oranvllle St Branch, IMS Oral.
Pender St. Branch, Cor. Pender
anil Carrall Sts.
General Manager.
Assistant General Manager.
Capital «c Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important' to you and yonr
family, nothing that so closely
affeots your future welfire
ttiad happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blossing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for the sate keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of finanoial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St West
Cor. Hssbni.
ibngs ind Carrall Streets
rrVJH.,    -   • B.C.
See that this Label is Sewed
io the Pockets
'   (J II stands for all that Union
,  Labor Stands for.
with the LABEL on it
Cowan & Brookhouse
Lsbor Temple      Wt'te t.j. 4410
Published weekly by The B. C, Feder-
ntlonist. Ltd., owned jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is afflliated 16.000 organized wage-
Issued every Friday morning.
President...., Jas. Campbell
Vice-President J. W, Wilkinson
Vice-President J. McMillan
Treasurer...-. J.^H. McVety
Managing-Editor. H. Parm. Pettlplece
Velours and Felts of all colors
CAPS and
135 HMtintfe Straet E.
Boom 110, labor Ample
t«i. mt. alio.
Subscription:    11:00 psr year;   In Van.
couver City,  $1.25;   to unions  subscribing In a body, 75 cents.
-unity of labor; tbs hope of the world."
*V- PAPER. If tbls number Is on It
your subscription expires next Issue.
shall employ any agent, but that the
working class will be drawn together
by pooling tbelr Interests and standing
together us a class with the central
labor body. Tho work done by this
method in Nelson has surpassed all
records ln the labor movement tor
Nelson, the records of which I would
uu delighted to quote tor the benefit
of your readers at some future date
after the reduction of hours, and raise
In wages has taken place through the
concerted action of the unions under
the central body. (If tbe editor permit).
"ln conclusion: If the labor unions
of toe coast cities are so slow and
backward as not to feel the necessity or consolidating their efforts ln
the appointment of a business agent,
then by all means lay lt over until a
practical illustration of what can be
done with a central body in control,
is received."
Every person whose name was on
the voters' list of BrltlBh Columbia previous to March 3rd was swept off by
the decision of the Provincial Government. Conservatives, Liberals and Socialists alike were all thrown Into the
melting pot. The reason given was
that It Is now ten years since the lists
were revised and that a large number
of "dead heads" were on the lists.
The Liberals wall that It is "a coldblooded attempt to disfranchise the
Liberals." Whatever the real reason
may be, that Is past and gone. The
given quantity which the workers of
this Province have to deal with Is the
fact that the old lists are abolished,
and that unless they get busy and
have their names placed on the new
ones, they will not be able to vote at
Dominion or Provincial elections. The
qualification for voters are that they
must be male persons, over the age of
twenty-one years, British subjects,
must have lived In British Columbia
six months and ln the electoral district where they register for one
month. The time given to re-reglster
Is until the second week in April
when the lists will be closed previous
to being gone over by the Court of
Revision in May. It is Important that
all workers should see that, they register before then, as there are signs
on the political horizon that there will
be an election for members of the
federal parliament at Ottawa, when
("ni flapping and war Jingo galore
will be howling throughout the length
and breadth of this happy land, The
workmen In Vancouver who wish to
get on the list can, If they are qualified, do so at the corner of Richard
and Pender Sts. It wtll not take live
minutes to go through the formality
and no one has any effective excuse
for not registering.
J. L. Haddon In Australia.
J. L. Haddon, a Vancouver machinist, now at Sydney, N. S. W. writes to
The Federatlonist that he has decided
to remain In Australia. Another of
his series of splendid articles, this
time under.the caption of "Immigration and Defense," will appear ln The
Federatlonist next week.
wsa-aa jrrnnuDT ooei
Big factories on this continent are
now Installing moving picture machines which pick the movements of
the workers to pieces as a microscope
analyses an organism. An Instance
given In a Chicago paper described
how a workman was assembling a
machine. His record Was thirty-seven
and a Half minutes for each machine.
Another workman took a little over
forty'minutes to do the same kind of
thing. Apparently one was as skilled
as the other, and an expert who was
watching both closely could detect no
reason to* the difference ln the time
taken. A moving picture was made
it the process snd'after using a magnifying glass the expert studied the
photograph record for days. Finally,
he began experimenting with tables
nnd frames and different forms ot
ders, and now the workman whose
best record was thirty seven and a
half minutes, Is putting that same
machine together In eight and a half
minutes. What became of the workman who took forty minutes lb not
In another case, two women side by
ie were using sewing machines
geared up to the same speed. Apparently they were workers of equal
skill but one took a little .over three
seconds, the other a little IeaB. Here
was a difference, which ln a day
"proved costly to the manufacturer."
Moving pictures were taken in conjunction with a clock which makes
readings down to a small fraction of a
•sffllond—and the costly seamstress
may now possibly be looking tor another Job on the streets. We are a
great people.
It has Heen quietly tipped off to
The Federatlonist that for some weeks
past the unionists of Vancouver,
through the central labor body, have
been discussing tbe question of whether they would elect a business agent
to look after the business of the council or not. As to what arguments
have been adduced for or against such
n proposal the writer Is not aware,
having been absent from the city for
some six weeks. But the dlscusBion
seems to have gone beyond the councils of labor In Vancouver. The Federatlonist Is this week In receipt of a
letter from 0. H. Hardy, business
agent of Nelson Trades and Labor
Council, which will probably serve to
assist local unionists In arriving at a
conclusion, at a time when the question s before affiliated unions for discussion and decision.  Mr. Hardy Bays:
"I noticed today an article ln your
valuable paper, 'Shall the Trades
Counoll Have a Business Agent?,' and
to he candid in the matter I feel surprised that the question should ever
have heen asked In Vancouver.
"After your resolution endorsing Industrial unionism and your acknowledgment that all the workers must
stand together, or be defeated, It certainly seems strange that a question
should be so lute In the Held which
should have been forced on the central labor body years before this.
"Why should Vancouver be so far
behind little Nelson? Is It possible
that organized labor does not want
more In Ub fold In Vancouver, or Is It
possible that the Vancouver members
cannot see that the labors of the
business agent attached to the locals
are overlapping the work, Inasmuch aB
agents will vlsltt one pob; whereas If
the Labor body had control of a chief
agent and assistants a whole Job
could be worked by one man, and the
whole ground covered at less expense
and far better work done.
"In addition to all this, your business agent would not be the narrow
man some of them are, and Instead of
working for one trade would be
working for one class.
"I am speaking from experience, inasmuch ns Nelson Trades Council appointed one business agent and an
assistant for the whole of the work,
and has gone on record that In the
event of more being required no local
President J. 0, Watters of Labor
Oongreu Figures In Ottawa
Oar Works Dispute
Word reaches The Federatlonist
from Ottawa that the agreement
reached between the Ottawa Car
Works Co. and Its employes Is unique
in the application of the Lemleux Aot
since its inception. Whatever the disadvantages to lahor In some cases tbe
Act may be, In this particular Instance It was ot the first value.
The demand made by the machinists
and blacksmiths for the establishment
of the nine Hour day with the same
rate of pay as for ten hours waa
promptly refused by tbe company,
itte machinists walked out with good
prospects of the blacksmiths following suit. On the advice and strenuous
advocacy ot Vice-President Beuloin of
the machinists and Vice-President
f owlesland ot the blacksmiths, a board
of conciliation was applied for and was
granted. Mr. Henderson, solicitor for
...e street railway company, was appointed to represent the company,
whne the men had the extreme good
fortune of securing the services of Mr,
Watters, the president of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, although his multitudinous duties makes
him One of the busiest men ln Ottawa,
i'rom the Initial session of tne board
till the agreement was signed, it was
a treat to. watch the battle of wit and
intellect waged ln thp effort to reach
an agreement acceptable to both par-
tits to the dispute. According to a
statement made by the chairman of
the board, Mr. H. P. Hill, barrister,
the skill and diplomacy shown by Mr.
Watters in handling the case for the
men, was a revelation. The agreement reached Is proof of the statement
made. The pitched battle was ln reality fought between the manager of the
company, Mr. Jeffry, and the men's
representative, Mr. Watters emerging
with flying colors.
In reply to the demand made by the
men the' company, after the board
met, offered an Increase of 10 per cent.,
the men continuing to work ten hours.
The agreement signed by both parties
provides for the recognition of the
nine hour day; all overtime to be paid
at the rate of time and a half, Saturday afternoon holiday during the summer months and an Increase ot 10 per
cent. The significant feature of the
agreement is that while tbe men agree
to work ten hours for five days ln the
week until October, because of the
large number of orders that must be
turned out ln a time limit, and that
unit was calculated on a ten hour
basis, they are paid tor ten and a half
hours and spread over each of the ten
hours worked; the same rate to remain
when the plant Is only operated strictly
nine hours. Here Is how it works out:
A machinist working 10 hours a day
got 13.00; the Increase of 10 per cent,
gives him $3.30; the half hour's overtime gives him 13.45. He was receiving $3.00 for 10 hours; he now receives
Again, he was receiving 30 cents per
hour for a ten-hour day, and was prepared to accept an Increase.of 10 per
cent, to offset the daily amount received for a nine-hour day, or very
nearly so, which would give bim an
hourly rate of 33 cents, or $2.97 for a
nine-hour day. Under the agreement
made he receives $3.45 for ten hours,
a rate per hour of 3416 cents, and
which will give him a rate ot $3.10*4'
tor a nine-hour day. Under these conditions a man working anywhere from
one to nine hours receives proportionately to the number of hours worked
the same benefits as If he worked ten
hours before receiving the half hour
extra. In short, the men t asked for
S2.97 for a nine-hour day, they are getting $3.10*4, the lesser paid men proportionately. And to cap all—Justifying the statement made by the chair
man—the terms arranged applies to
every man employed ln the shops of
the company, some 350, Instead of the
60 machinists and blacksmiths originally concerned. To organized labor
the effect Is already seen ln the
strengthening of the unions concerned.
Not one of the woodworkers were affiliated with any union; already twenty
have thrown .In their lot with tbe U. B.
C. J. A., and so the good work goes on.
The men in the shops are enthusiastic
In their praise of the able manner In
which President Watters conducted
negotiations. It has been often stated
that capital cities are notoriously nonprogressive, yet the Capital City of B.
C. was the flrst city ln the Dominion
to establish the eight-hour day for civic
workmen, and to have embodied ln a
contract provisions for the payment of
the union rateB of wages and an eight-
hour day. The Capital City of the Dominion" now sets the pace for machinists and other iron workers in Eastern
Canada as the nine-Hour day Is now
general In Ottawa. ,
By a strange coincidence the president of the Congress was a resident of
Victoria when the eight-hour day was
established for city work and the con-
•met entered Into by the city when
provision was made for the payment
nf Ihe union rateB of wages.. Whether
a coincidence or otherwise, be Ib
known as a persistent advocate of the
shorter workday. Less than a month
ago he addressed a meeting of the
paper makers In Hull, and In the
course of his speech advised them to
keep their minds fixed on the establishment of a six-hour day, vis.: four
shifts of six hours, Instead of three
rhlfts of eight hours as at present
worked. The workers of Ottawa have
reason to congratulate themselves on
bis residence amongst them.    .
Porcupine Miners' 8trlke.
The members of the Porcupine
Miners' Union, W. F. of M., in Ontario, are still on strike. Their publicity committee Is the llvest bunch
of boosters on this end of the continent, and If there Is a wage-worker
who does not know ot the strike be
must be deaf, dumb and blind, or a
supporter of the McBride government.
Latest advises are to the effect that
the strikers bave tbe situation well
In hand) and the imprisonment of
various union officers has only served
to Increase the determination of the
miners to win put. The International
Is taking good care of the strikers and
the membership of organized labor
generally Is sticking to the struggle
like a bull-pup at a root.
Shingle Weavers.
Tbe extension of the jurisdiction
of the Shingle Weavers to include the
men employed In the timber Industry
became effective March 1. The members of the Shingle Weavers are taking a keen Interest wltb the International officers In the opening of an
organizing campaign among the timber
men. Many of the looal unions have
arranged for mass meetings throughout the Pacific Northwest and the
international office has been called
upon to send representatives for the
purpose of assisting In the local
agitation work. Reports from all
sections of the timber country are to
the effect that the workers in this
Industry are much Interested In the
new organization movement. Org.
Geo. Heatherton of Vancouver is this
week at headquarters In Seattle.
Jlmmy*8lmpson's Monument.
The ninth annual report of the Toronto Labor Temple Company Has
been submitted'to the shareholders,
and Is a splendid demonstration of
the truth that under careful and efficient management a labor temple can
-be made a business buccbbb. The
report shows the total amount of
capital invested ln the temple amounts
to $16,991, raised by the sale of shares
at $1 each. The total assets of the
company, according to the report,
now stand at $63,126.76, as compared
with a total liability.to shareholders
and creditors of $25,660.20, thus giving a surplus of $27,476.66. Last year
the temple company had a cash balance of $3,126.62, while for the fiscal
year just closed the amount tn Hank
and on Hand was $5,881.66, or the
largest balance ever reported Hy the
company. The net profits for the year
just closed represent a dividend of
over 18 per cent., which will be applied to the liquidation of the mortgage, which was reduced from $9,500
to $8,500 during the year. In estimating the assets no account Is made
for appreciation since possession was
assumed, although it Is stated that
the property Is fully worth $76,000.
Efforts are to He put forth during the
coming year for the purpose of liquidating the entire mortgage debt, and
if the revenue continues the same during the present year as It did last
this can He accomplished.
One thing at which I am somewhat
amssed, and also amused, is the emphasizing of the point that "proxies"
are specifically prohibited, when to
any one who reads the section as
amended, and who uses their reasoning, faculties, the fact becomes apparent that the amendment is in effect nothing more than an extension
of the principle of "proxy" voting.
One definition of the word "proxy"
Is "a person who Is deputed to act
In place of another."
The sense of the section ae amended would be: "Each organization
shall he entitled to one. delegate for
the flrst one hundred' members or
fraction thereof and one additional
delegate or vot£ for each additional
hundred members or majority fraction
thereof. Provided that one delegate
shall not have more than five votes."
Any organization entitled to two or
more delegates can, If they so desire,
refrain from sending more than one
delegate for eaoh five hundred members, and can depute the delegate
that Is sent to cast the vote of those
delegates to which they are entitled
but do not send.
The delegate appointed thus becomes a "deputy" or "proxy" for those
delegates to which his organization
Is entitled and Has not seen fit to
This Is, of course, ln case the
amendment came Into force.
It Is quite natural that the miners
of the interior should desire better
representation, but giving one. man
five votes does not Increase the representation. One man Has only the
Intelligence and the experience of
one, Irrespective of how many votes
he may have, and lt is intelligence
and not votes that are needed at conventions.
If the views and opinions of the
miners' delegates had been disregarded at previous conventions, I could
understand this desire for Increased
voting strength. On the contrary, the
wishes of the miners' delegates have
alwayB Heen met Insofar as the conventions have heen able to do so.
If we take the numerical strength
of the membership as shown In the
secretary's report, to be correct, the
followlitg situation could arise at
future conventions, presuming that
the amendment was adopted:
If every union was represented and
each union had taken advantage of
the amendment the voting strength
of the convention would be approximately one hundred and twenty-one,
Of this number eighty-six votes would
be held by twenty-three delegates, the
remaining thlrty-fivo being held by
thirty-five delegates.
Twenty-three delegates would have
more than double the power of thirty-
five delegates.
A fine situation tf control of the
conventions snd through them of the
Federation was the aim and object
of organizations sending delegates
thereto, but If the advancement of
lehor Is the object, then the situation
would be a very poor one.
A vote Ib of no value unless the
one who casts that vote is prepared
to stand by It and tor the purpose for
whieh It was cost.
No one can Btand behind more votes
than one.
The amendment Is not In the best
Interest of the labor movement. Nothing csn be better than the principle
upon which tt Ib based, and the principal of the amendment Is not a good
Vanoouver, B. C, March 4.
Suit Special at $15
We hold and can maintain by proof of service as well a* style,
that men who buy suits at Spencer's will get a fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
store can give, *-_
Today has arrived a new lot of suits with special features that
we have marked to sell at 115.00. You will be surprised at the
smart styles and smart worthy looking fabrics. Lots of the popular red browns ln tweeds, other tweeds as well ln grey and green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those who want them,
rom tiojo.
These are coats that no man need be afraid to don.   They look
"   the materials are good, they are well made, and not skimped
The materials are tweeds in smooth and rough effects,
Two of the best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs fn brown and various subdued two-color effects In
dark tone.    Every coat is lined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars,
]>Avnr Spencer
TeBted and improved during many yeara in the world'e greatest
skating ground, Canada
Stab Skates, all that a akate oan be... ,76o to $6.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 75o to $6.00
For Young Hen, Young Ladies, Boys and Hisses
218.—Meets Room SOI, every Monday
8 p.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vice-
president, Oeo. B. Moulton; recording
secretary, A, F. Gibson, Labor Temple:
flnanclal secretary, Robt Robinson;
treasurer, Harold T. Johnson; business
agent H. A. Jones, Room 207, Labor
Is your name on the new voters'
Mais Misting Next Friday.
8. Nuortevi, socialist member of the
Finnish Parliament, will speak (In
RnKllsh) on Lahor Temple on Friday,
March 14th. Subject; The (Labor
Movement and the General Strike in
Finland. Collection to defray expenses.
Thro Deportation of Labor Leader
To Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—
"The wage workers of British.Columbia have just experienced a re
markable manifestation of parental
regard for their welfare by one beneficent government.
"An opportunity had been offered
the workers of this city to hear from
Joseph Ettor a declaration ot the
principles and methods of the organisation he represents, but our fatherly
rulers at Ottawa have ordained that
lt Is not for our good that we should
have this opportunity and his speech
has been egaggei by the deportation
of this world known advocate of the
workers rights,
"This man Is one of thOBe who assisted ln solidifying the textile workers ot Lawrence, Mass,, In their late
successful efforts for better conditions, and thuB Incurred the wrath of
the mill owners who were Instrumental In imprisoning bim and left no legal stone unturned in an endeavor to
murder him by procedure of tbe
' "This latest attempt of the 'powers
that be' to stifle free speech by deportation Is a lesson ln sabotage by the
authorities which Is so unholy a crime
when practiced by the workers. It ll
due to organized labor In this country
to protest against this amaslng piece
of autocracy'In the discrimination by
the government against a man whose
offense Is that of being 'undesirable'
to the employing class.
"Is there any worker who will deny
we are 'class' ruled? It Is a signlflcant
'act I hat ln a list of 'undesirables'
which was shown to Ettor by the Immigration officers there appeared only
the names of those men and women
who are exponents of the Idea of direct
Industrial action (or Inaction!), to attain the objects of the workers— the
men of Canada will not fall to see
which weapon In their hands Is the
most feared by the masters. Chief of
Police Mulhern may smile and express
satisfaction that there Is one 'agitator'
less ln the city, but he and those
whose Interests he so faithfully represents have little to congratulate themselves upon when the present system
of exploitation of the workers rests on
a foundation so Insecure that It has
to be supported by the denial of speech
and can only be preserved by a continuance of the Ignorance of the workers to a sense of their own economic
"Vancouver, March 6,1913."
"B. C. Federation of Labor and Plural
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: In the
article by Delegate McVety under the
heading, "B. C. Federation and proportional representation," which appeared in the Issue of February 21,
Is the statement that Secretary Mldgley spoke of proportionate representation as "vicious legislation and an
attempt to introduce 'proxy' voting."
Delegate McVety Is in error In
making that statement. Secretary
Mldgley did not say that "proportionate" representation was "vicious," but
that the principle of the amendment,
wherein it is purposed to grant delegates from large organizations more
than one vote, "was a vicious one."
Delegate Johnson of the Western
Federation of Miners admitted, ln the
course of his remarks on the subject,
that the principle of plural voting was
undoubtedly a vicious' one. I think
Delegate McVety himself will admit
Cards Inserted for $1.00 a Month
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No. l—Meets 10:30 a.m.
third Sunday ln month, Room 204. Looal
chairman, J. P. Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. T. Oberg,
Box 432, or 1008 Burrard street
S21 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 205 8 p.m. President 8. S.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent K. L, Est-
1nirlinii«en. Room 202.    Sey. 2348.
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President, J. Fox; vice-
president. Wm. Thompson; financial secretary, Wm. Worton; secretary. A. O.
Hettler, 425 Dufferln street Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 52—Meets
every Friday evening, 138 Water street.
President, G. J. Kelly; secretary, Thos.
Nfxon. 133 Water stylet.
* _al 4»6—Meet* every second aad
fourth Friday of month in Labor HaU,
7:80 p.mi Presiding D, Webeter; aecro-
tary A. McLaren, >o. Box 858, New
Westminster, B. 0.
av centers, Local Union No. 1I38-—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street President M. C. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker. Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B. C.
Labor Temple, New Westminster, corner Seventh street and Royal avenue,
every second Sunday of each month, at
1:80 p.m. President, P, Paulsen; secretary. S. W. Jameson. Visiting brothers
Western Federation of Miners ~
Meets Sunday .evenings, In Union Halt
President, E. A. Hlnes: secretary-treu-
Urer, M F| Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
w No. 2888, U. M. W. of A.-Meat*
Wednesday, tlnlon Hall, 7 p.m. President Sara Outhrle; secretary, Duncan
McKenzle. Ladysm'th, B. C.
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President, Chas. Mattlnson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; flnanclal secretary,
J. H. McVety.   Sey. I860..
rt« "~*HSBt» every Sunday in Dlstriot
Office, Vendome Hotel, at 7:10 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B. C,
Union, Local No. 146, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 840
Robson street. President J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
F, Ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
Meets first and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. President, G. Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumpter; financial secretary, D. Scott: treasurer, I. Ty-
--'on; business agent, & R. Still. Phone
Sey. 1614.
B.    C.    FEDERATION    OF    LABOR—
Meets In annual convention ln Jan*
uary.   Executive o.ucers, 1913-14: President, Christian Slverty; vice-president*,
T  Kavanagh, J. Forrte, A. Watchman, G.
Burnes, J. \V. Gray, .Ins. Cuthbcrtscn,
J. Taylor; sec-treas., V. R. Mldgley.
Box 10-14, Vancouver.
Meets flrst and third Thursdays.
Executive board: H. C. Benson, president; W/ Manson, vice-president; J. W,
Wilkinson, general secretary, Room 210
Labor Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer:
W. Foxcroft, statistician; J, Bully, ser-
neant-at-arms; F. A. Hoover, V, R.
Mldgley, tt*. R, Trotter, trustees.
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety. James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, ft. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdoch Mc-
Konile. Managing director, J. H, McVety, Room 2lT.    Sey, 6360
ALLIED  PRINTING   TRADES   COUNCIL— Meets 2nd Monday in month.
President' Geo. Mownti secrotary, F. R.
Fleming, P.O. Box 66.
penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey, 2908. Business agent. J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a.ni. and 4 to 5 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
H. McEwen, Room 209, Lahor Tcmpb,
BranchoH meet every Tuesday and Wsil-
nesduy In ROOTO JOfc,	
tloners' Local No. 40—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. Pres
Ident J. Klnnafnl; ""i-
reHpondlng secretary, W*
Itogors, Room 220, Labor
nanclnl   secretary,   P.   Robin-
second Thursday, 8:80 p. m. Presl
dent, C. Hald; recording secretary,
Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary • business
agent. C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple, Hours: 11 to l; 6 to 7 o.in.
Sey. 1776.	
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H. Murry; flnanclal secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St.: recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Hub P. O. No, 8, Box 3;
business agent W. J. Nagle.
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, 8:00
p.m. President, 3. Marshall; corresponding secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
flTiRncInt <*ecretary, K. McKensto.
Employees, Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2 p.m., and flrat
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Schofleld: recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178. City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover.
2409 Clark drive.
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday evening, tn
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent.
President, Sam Stevens; secretary. Her-
bert Varcol, Box 421. Rossland, B. C.
Union, No. 106, W. F, of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:80 p.m. President
George Castell; secretary, Frank Campbell. Box 26. .Trail, B. C.
Socialist Party Directory
Socialist Party of Canada, meeta every Sunday, 3 p.m., Finn Hall, 2216 Pender St East- J. H. Burrougha, aeeretary,
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets every Sunday, 8 p.m.,
Finn Hall, 2216 Pender St East f. H.
Burroughs, secretary.
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30
j..m. In the Sandon Miners' Union Hall,
Communications to be addressed Drawer
K, Sandon, B. C. ,
of C—Propaganda meetings  every
Sunday, 7:30 p. m. In the Tradea Hall.
Economic  class  every  _
Secretary, J, Harrison, 102 Hochelaga St.
A. Stewart, Organiser.
Sunday, I p.m.
ichel-— "•
58, S. P. of c—Holds Its business
meetings   every   flrst   Sunday   In   the
_._     .....   ....     month, and educational meetings every
day, 8 p.m;. Room 201, Labor Temple,  third  Sunday  ln  the  month  ln
President, F. Blumberg; flnanclal secre- ■ _____ Labor Temple.	
    Wm. Byatt, Room £16. ~ ~~ '"
        _ .     —^ay
al Local 397—Meets every Wedncs- j month, and educational meeting
—Meetings held flrat Tuesday tn each
month, 8. u.m. President, J. T. Ella-
worth; recording and corresponding secretary, W. W. Hocken. P. 0. Box 503;
financial secretary, L, Kakely, P. O. Box
ros. , j
cal  No.  62—Meets  flrst and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m.   Presl-
dont, .7. Kavanagh; secretary, E. A. E.
Morrison. 1759 Eleventh Ave,. East.
Meets last Sunday each month, 2
p.m. President A. B. Bobb; vice-president. A. H. England; secretary-treasurer,
R. H, Neelands, P.O. Box 66,    ■	
Council—Meets every flrst and thlid
Wednesday, Labor Hall, 711 Johnson
street, at 8 p.m. President, H. J. Sheen;
secretary, Christian Slv-erts, Box 302,
Victoria, B. O. ;
BARTENDERS' LOCAL NO. 676.—Office Room 208 Labor Temple. Meets
flrst and third Sunday* of each month
at 2.80 p.m. President, Wm, Laurie;
financial secretary, A. MacDonald.
ters and Joiners, Local No. 117.—
Meets Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 8
p.m. Preeldent, A. Richmond; recording
secretary, Arthur Paine, 806 Labor Temple; financial i<ecretary, O. W. Williams,
806 Labor Temple; treasurer, L. W. lv.
Kiel, 306 Labor Temple,   Phone Sey, 18*0,
and Joiners, South Vancouver No.
1208—Meeta Ashe's hall. Twenty-first
and Fraser Ave., flrst and third Thursday of each month, 8 p.m. Preaident,
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, J, W.
Dlckieson: recording secretary, Thon.
Lindsay, Box 86, Cedar Cottuge; flnar*
clal secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt Lindsay; conductor, A. Conahor;
warden, E, Hall. 	
WORKERS' International Unlm,
Local 97—Meets second and fourth I'rl-
lay. Labor Temple. 8 p.m. President
1, A. Seeley; secretary, A, tt'. Oakley.
738 Semlin Drive, phone Sey. 689.
-n*«Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
807, President, James Haslett; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
53; flnanclal secretary, F, ft. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagrall, Room
116.   Sey. 8799.
105—Meets third Tuesday in every
month, In Room 205 Labor Temple.
President, F. J. Milne; vice-president, H.
Perry; secretary, George Mowat, 616
Dunlevy avenue. 	
and Iron Ship Builders and Helusrs
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. l!H—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m
President, F, Barclay, 868 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Ptrwi.
Meets first Tuesday each month, if
6m.' President, Oeo. Gerrard; secretary,
obert J. Craig, Kurtj Oi&ar Factor):
treasurer, 8. W. JotoiMti- -
penters and Jolnera. Victoria
Branch. Meets every Thureday, 8 p.m„
Labor Hall, Johnson St.. Victoria. Bual-
ness Agent, H. J. Sheen. Offlce hours.
8 to 9 a.m., 1:30 to 2:30, 4:30, to _80
p.m. Secretary, A. E. 'Wrench; office
hours, 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 6:80
p.m.; phone 2668. P. O. Box 770, Victoria. B. C.	
itbw WM-nmrwaa, ». o.
Labor Council—Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., ln
Labor Hall. President, R. A. Stoney;
flnanclal secretary, J. B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D. Grant, P. O. Box
034.   The public Is Invited to attend.
8. P. of C—Meet flrst and third Sunday of the month ln Socialist Hall. Secretary, J. N. Hlntsa, Gibson's Heights,
B. C.
every Friday at 8 p.m., tn Miners'
Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary.
for business and propaganda every
Thursday at 8 p.m. In Labor Temple.
Public meetings ln Dominion Theatre,
Granville street Sunday evenings. SeT
cretary, O. L. Charlton, City Market
Main «treet.
Business meeting, every Sunday,
10.30 a.m. Ecnomlc class held twice
each Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift).
Propaganda meeting every Sunday 8 p.m.
Headquarters:   Socialist   Hall,  opposite
post office.
*eph Naylor,
.   Financial Secretary. Thomaa
Corresponding  Secretary,   Jo-
Of America rJ&s<
jCOfTWSBT »7«»0« MMKWSieTtSIDieOlli
Short Lessons in
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three times
the amount of light obtained (rom a oarbon lamp
with the same consumption of current?
Should it not bo advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting? v
After you have considered tbe above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter clerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary oarbon lamp.
For the convenience of o*r ouetomerB we
oarry a full line of Tungston lamps of an
approved type in stock
Carrall and
Hastings Street
1188 Granville St.
near Davie FRIDAY MARCH 7, 1918
Baby Bonnets
Poplin or silk bonnets in plain or Dutch style at 75c and $1.
Fine corded silk bonnets in plain or fancy silk embroidery
trimmed, at $1.25 to $1.75.
Corded silk or satin bonnets in large or small shapes,
^ at$2. to$5.
Fine muslin and French hand-made bonnets, trimmed with
tucks and feather stitching, 85c to $2.50.
Hand-made bonnets in French or Madeira embroidery,
Silk crochet bonnets In hand-made styles, at $2.78.
Entrance from Main Store—also at 713 Dunsmuir Street
(_atban Brgadal*. *Etmttri.
575 Granitic Street       Vancoueer, EL C.
Spring Suits
.c.mpb.i.'s i CHAMBERS' M-H"ting•
Clothing Man
St. East
JAMES STA'Rfc'asy:
uexnoi s*. was* Between AMttt aae Oamu.
February House-Furnishing Sale Now In Progress
200 Brussels Squares at
From 10 to 331-3 p.c.
Off Regular
The value of our Brussels
Squarea la admitted, for service,
design and coloring, at regular
pricea, but when we hitch them
to these little February aale prices
they should move ln a hurry. If
you can use a Brussels Square
don't mine seeing these;
Stxe 4.6x 9x6, sale price.... 15,75
Size B.9x 9.0, sale price |11.50
Slie 9.0x 9.0, sale prlco....|16,86
SIxe 9.0x10,6, sale pi*iee....|l7.50
Site 9.0x12,0, sale price....815.75
Slse 11.3x12.0, sale price....585.50
SIxe   11.8x18.6,  aale   price...586.60
v —Fourth floor
125 Axminster {1 QQ
Hearth   Rugs JI .M
Woven of best quality yarns,
with deep pile and firm back, nice
patterns. Will do ntdely ln any
room. Site 27x54 Inches. Regular   12,50   value,    February   aale
price .61.39
—Fourth floor
English Wilton Carpets Regular 2.00*- .«
sewn and laid yd. 11.48
Thli offering Includes ten very
artistic and useful patterns for
living and dining room, ln liberal
quantities. Some have borders to
match.    Regular $2.00.    February
sale price, per yard HM
—Fourth floor
Stoves M5 Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
Two-piece overallsuits,speoially
suitable for boys taking a course
of manual training. Sizes 26 to
D.V.. D„- c..!» __., .!.«t4ea 34. Made of stout blaok denim,
rilCe rer SUK, any 3«C $18U cut full and strongly put together,
809-315 Hastings
Street West
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., 7 p.m, to 8 p.m.
*   602 Hastings Street Weil
Q Operates by the latest, moit scientific and painless methods
. Specialist  io  Crown, Bridge, Plate and Gold Inlay Work
Hours 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land for at least
two years; improvement! to the extent oi $2,50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest et 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
The last anneal report ot the International Secretariat Is Indeed a most
interesting document and shows the
growth ot the labor movement ot the
world to be steady and substantial. It
Ib a book ot 320 pages, Issued from' the
offlce ot carl Leglen, at Berlin,   .
A good review of the trades union
movement ot the countries afflliated
to the Secretariat Is afforded by the
following table:
specifications forbidding piecework In
any shape or form on their buildings.,
in all probability they nave never
really considered .the why and wherefore the doors of their buildings do
not work as smooth aa they ought; the
Boors eternally creaking when trod on,
perhaps being gulled by the contractor
that the building has not quite dried
out. yet, or something tb that effect.
A thorough Investigation of* the conditions under which the doors are hung,
or the floors laid, on some of the large
offlce buildings or apartment houses
ln the city, might have fruitful results.
Should this meet the eye of any car'
Membership of Tradea Unions.
S* 5T2?"  ■•••••   ?2I'JS° 1.029.238 340,000 460 000
3. Beteium   188,928 82,785 68984 77 224
4. Holland    .................... 148,850 163689 44120 62286
«*2en™tI'k •■••  JJMft 128,824 '101668 106269
«• Swede!  121,180 116,500 86176 80139
I NonW "f •■ «'«3 68,880 46 397 63 476
8. Finland  ..  »}.»«B 19,640 16 846 19 640
10. Austria ...r ,...    461,282 486,268        400,663        421,905
11. Bosnia-Hersegovlna       6,26» 6 687 6'086 b la?
_'___?*"-* ~r- ■   _»■'        m 5168 \S_
ffr,-^ 8:f    '$? . 1$    %»
lg:lS{SSl!a..:::::::::::::::::::z:::::::   1:^   ■*•"     ffe     *•<
17. SwlUerland      98,79,      li;j*ijj        3B9;,8,      TtfjffiL
}§'2?iL       "j'Sf. 78,119 68,863 78,119
IV. Spain       v/floi on nnn in not «n nnn
20. .United States of -America..' 1,710,433   ; Muft    i.vIolJIs      1,77M00
Total.. ........8,905,189    11,486,488"     6,181,711      6,900996
The membership of the trades*
unions ln these countries, therefore,
has risen trom 9,905,189 to 11,436,498,
while the membership ot unions afflliated to the National Centre; haa gone
up trom 6,121,711 to 6,900,995. The
percentage ot all organized work people can only be given tor seven countries, These are as follows: Denmark,
51.75 per cent; Germany, 32.91; Nor-
27,64;   Sweden,   21.88;   United
way,  .„..,    ,  	
StateB, 19.26; Bosnia, 11.64; Italy, 9.49.
The financial position of the trade
unions is given for about 50 per cent
of the total membership. The wearly
Income of this 50 per cent was about
140,000,000, and the expenditure more
than 136,000,000. Nearly twenty million dollars were used for benefit purposes, Trades unions' members, therefore, received over half the total expenditure ln the way ot direct benefits. Twelve and a half million dollars were spent on strikes, the United States and Germany each, taking
14,700,000 and England $1,800,000,
An interesting feature of the French
report Is that dealing with the growth
of the number of labor papers during
the last few years. The summons ot
the Trades Union Federation to the]
working people ln regard to the In
oreased cost ot living, against war,
and the application ■ of the anti-labor
laws, and'for the free Saturday afternoon Ib alBO of Interest. The Belgian
report, the tendency   ot the trades
penter doing, or contemplating doing
piecework,' avoid it as you would a
plague. If you have no consideration
for yourselves, do have some consideration tor your children. By adopting
such methods to obtain tbe necessaries
of life, you are Instrumental ln perpetuating a system which as a means
of degradation Is Unequalled. Piecework reduces the eost of production,
therefore has a tendency . to drag
wages down. Piecework makes a man
a slave to self, a traitor to his organisation and hie fellowmen, and finally
lands htm, an Industrial wreck of bis
own making, ln the sweat shop. \
H. J. McB.
Road Is Now Clear for B. 0. Meta-
liferons Miners to Enforce
Their Demand*
The following Is taken from the minority report of 3. W. Bennett, who
acted for the miners on the board of
investigation which recently Inquired
Into the demands of the quarts miners
of the Slocan, Kootenay and Boundary
rem.,., —   districts.  The report Is too lengthy,to
unions towards centmHsation^ln^na- be g,ven ,„ it, entirety, but this ex-
tlonal and Industrial unions. Holland
has four different groups of trades
unions. Besides the National Centre
affiliated to the International Secretariat, there are also the anarchist
Federation of Trades UnlonB, the
Christian Union, and the Catholic
Labor, organization. The first has,
however, almost double the membership of all the others put together.
Denmark, which has the largest percentage of organized workerB, saw a
number of attacks on the form of organisation of the National Centre in
1911. A tradea union conference decided to make Inquiries as to whether
the present form should he altered or
--.    an,BAon ronnrts a revival of the
tract gives the basis upon which Mr.
Bennett disagreed with the other
members of the board:
The main point at, issue, "the cost of
living," Is of vital Import to the mine
worker and because of the Increased
price of the commodities he must have
access to It Is Imperative that he
fhould have an Increase In his money
wage If he Ib to prevent a reduction
of his present standard of living,
That the price of living has materially advanced Is conceded by both
parties to the dispute, the difference
being one of degree not of FACT.
Government statistics for the past 10
not.   Sweden reports a revival oi w, , ,
tradeB union movement, whioh was I Zr™ wer*. cited as giving 81 per cent,
weakened after the great fight of 1909. ** * *
But advance has been hindered by
the disturbing agitation ot the syndicalists, much to the satisfaction of
the employers. Norway shows rapid
industrial development. While the
population has Increased 40 per cent
since 1865, the number of Industrial
workers has Increased by 506 per, cent.
This partly explains the growth of the
tradeB unions movement In spite of
the struggles and lockouts In which
the greater part ot the members were
engaged. In Finland, where the movement suffers under the Russian knout,
the bookbinders have had a hard flght.
Thanks to the help of foreign trade
unions, the workers won In the end,
From Germany comes the most complete report, which deals tn particular with the economic conditions generally, the rival trades unions, employers', associations, etc. The German trades unions report a year of
herd work ' and great success all
round. The Austrian trades unions,
also, have made distinct progress, and
It appears that the separatist crisis
has been overcome as far as their
own people are concerned, Unhappily, there Is little hope that the fratricidal war caused by the separatist
agitation wtll Boon come to an end.
This agitation has ever been at work
at the public elections, and the wages
movements; the workers themselves
are splitting up Into their particular
nationalities everywhere so far sb the
separatist movement has had effect.
In Hungary, the classic land ot servility, the trades unions succeeded ln Improving their position greatly.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: This
article, whilst applicable to a new condition of things in a great many building trades, Is for the most part Intended for carpenters. A more mean
or despicable means of earning a livelihood would be hard to Imagine, and
ln the specialisation of various parts
of the carpentry trade, we flnd men
who are ready to sell themselves body
■\\i jioul, at a certain price per door,
or a certain price per square of flooring, aa the case may be. Men do not
deliberately and of malice, visit suffering upon themselves, or their teliow
human beings. So one Ib forced to
come to the conclusion that It 1b want
of forethought on the part of the pieceworker. It he only used the little Intelligence he may be blessed with and
Bat down to seriously consider the ultimate outcome or this pernicious system, the gradual but nevertheless sure
reduction in the price he receives, the
race with Time ln an endeavor to make
a living wage, he might feel rather lesB
Inclined to adopt this form ot slavery.
A few moments' serious concentrated
thought would In most cases abolish
this "get rich quick by piecework"
craze once and for all. To the man
who does lt, lt Is hell; to the employer,
a speeding up process, therefore, to his
mind, a cheaper one, and one more productive of proflt. To the owner, architect or all concerned, the result Is a
stnndlng disgrace. As the beet means
of "botching up" a Job, I recommend
piecework. The time Is fast approaching when owners and architects, to
preserve and protect their own Inter
(»"». will have to take action on this,
and have clauses   Inserted   In their
as the increase while a recent Investigation by Prof. Mackenzie was quoted
as giving 18 per cent, (in Canada) Increase from what obtained several
years ago. Fifty cents a day increase
per man was the wage scale demanded,—this according to the calculations
made by Mr. 8. G. Blaylock, meant an
Increase of 14 per cent, ln the payroll
of his company, therefore, ln my opinion taking even 18 per cent, as a basis
of calculation the men were modest In
their proposed amended scale and this
19 more pronouncedly so wben It was
conculsively proven that despite the
constant upward tendency during the
past ten years there has been no appreciable difference ln the wages paid
to quarts miners since 1900.
That some ot the companies tactlly
acknowledged there was merit In the
demands of the miners 1s evidenced
by their action In offering a Blight Increase when they learned what tbe
men proposed to do. assigning as the
reason therefor desire to keep the
best men. ThlB cannot be admitted
as wholly sound because It was made
to all meu ln certain grades but w
not offered to the outside men at all
and lt Is natural to assume that there
are varying degrees of efficiency ln
the grades that were offered the ail
vance as well as the surface men who
were not Included In the proposed advance. Accepting as correct that 18
per cent. Is the Increase In the cost of
living and as already mentioned 50
cents a day means but 14 per cent, of
an Increase, then the demand made by
the men is to me a most justifiable
one and therefore upon this point 1
do not concur with the other members ot tbe Board ln their contention
that there waa not slfflclent evidence
forthcoming to show cause whl It
should he granted or paid.
The documentary nnd oral evidence
submitted by the representatives of
the mine owners was greatly ln excess
of that submitted by the represents
fives of the miners, especially ln the
oral, portion, for which there Is
good and sufficient reason although
not readily appreciated or understood
by those who have never had the experience, viz.—(Many of the miners
when requested to testify asked that
they be excused lest they lose their
jobs. To those on the outer ridge of
the industrial arena this may seem
strange but to those In the midst of
ths labor world It Is not so regarded,
on the contrary It Is common knowledge of the workers In practically every Industry.)
To sum up: I do not consider that
the men are entitled to an Increase
simply because of the higher price of
metals but do hold that If the purchasing power of their wages has been
reduced consequent upon the enhanced price of the commodities they must
bave to keep their own commodity
(I.e., tbelr energies) up to the stand
ard they have heretofore enjoyed.
Then Indeed tho higher (nominal)
scale asked for Is, In my estimation,
a moderate one.
This I do most strongly recommend
that It be suggested to the operators
that should they decide to give an
advance to their employees It he applicable not only to those working un
derground but likewise to the surface
men (outside laborers) because the Increased cost of living ts felt by that
section more (proportionately) than It
Is to the higher paid grades.
I am, sir, yours truly,
Miners' Representative.
new  voters'
Is your name on the
Mr, John Place, tbe member for
Nanalmo; has introduced Into the Provincial Legislature a bill tor the
amendment of tbe Coalmines Regulation Act, as follows:
The "Coalmines Regulation - Act,"
being chapter 160 of the "Revised
Statutes of British Columbia, 1911,"
Ib hereby amended by striking out
Rule 87 of section 91, and re-enacting
the following In lieu thereof;
'Rule 37. The persons employed ln
a mine may from time to Ume appoint
two competent persons to Inspect the
mine at their own cost, and the persons so appointed- shall be allowed,
once or oftener ln every shift, day,
week, or month, accompanied, If the
owner, agent, or manager of the mine
thinks fit,- by himself or one or more
officials of the mine, to go to every
part of the mine, and to Inspect the
shafts, levels,* planes, working-places,
return airways, ventilating apparatus,
old workings, and machinery and shall
afforded by tbe owner, agent, and
manager, and al persons In tbe mine,
every facility for the purpose ef such
Inspection, and shall make a true report of the result of such Inspection;
and such report shall be recorded In
a book to be kept at the mine for tbe
purpose, and shall be signed by tbe
persons wbo made, the same. Anl It
the report state the existence or apprehended existence of any danger,
the person or persons making tbe Inspection shall forthwith cause a true
copy of the report to be sent to the
Inspector of Mines tor tbe district:
Provided always that where the miners-in any mine fall to appoint two
competent persons to Inspect the
mine, the Chief Inspector of Mines
shall select from the men, in alphabetical order where posBlhle, tyo competent miners, who shall comply with
the provisions of this section, and the
said owner, agent, or manager may
withhold from the wages ot the underground employees a sufficient sum
pro rata to remunerate the persons
making such examination."
Franchise for Women In B. C,
Following Is the text of a proposed
Act to extend the franchise to women
In British Columbia, Introduced Into
the Provincial Legislature by J. Place,
the member from Nanaimo.
1. Thie Act may be cited as the
Women's Franchise Act, 1918," and
shalt be construed with the "Provincial Elections Act," and any Act
amending the same.
2. The right to vote at elections
of members of tbe Legislative Assembly Is hereby conferred upon women;
and for that purpose the expression or
word "male' In the "Provincial Elections Act" shall be read "male or female," and the words "he" and "his,"
sb applied to persons entitled to vote,
shall read "he or she" and "his or
her," and all alterations necessary to
carry out tbe provisions of this section
shall be made In the form of any docu
ment as prescribed In that Act.
3. Where a female elector's name
Is changed ln consequence of her marriage after enrolment on any list ot
voters, the Registrar ot Voters? may
amend such list, or cause It to be
amended, accordingly.
4. This Act shall come Into force
upon the first day of May, 1913.
Psy'msnt of Wages,
Following Is the text of the amendment to the "Masters and   Servants
Act" Introduced by the   member for
1. ThlB Act may be cited as the
"Masters and Servants Act Amendment Act, 1913."
2. The "Master and Servant Act,"
being chapter 131 of the Revised Statutes of 1897, Is hereby amended by
adding thereto, after section 7, the following new seotlon:—
"7a. (1.) Every workman, employe,
or servant, where the rate of wages
does not exceed four dollars per day,
shall be paid at intervals not to exceed once every two weeks.
"(2,i No contract shall be entered
Into tbat provides for the payment of
wages at longer Intervals than once ln
two weeks;
- "Provided that tbls section shall
apply only to Industrial operations carried on within five miles of an Incorporated town, and to works, wherever
situated, employing over one hundred
New Union Garment Factory
P. M. Draper and J. C. Watters are
endeavoring to get a union label over-
ill and shirt factory established at
tho Capital city. Tbls will mean another U. G. W. of A. local In Ontario.
Voters' List
After March 3rd, all the names on
the Provincial voters' lists will be
swept off and the lists done away
with. Those whose names are en the
lists are the only persons entitled to
vote at Dominion and Provincial elections. The time for getting on the
new list expires at the beginning ot
April, so all persons desirable of registering should do so at once. The
nuallAcsttnns are that you must be a
British subject, you must hsve resided In British Columbia for six months,
and you must have been residing lu
the Vancouver Electoral District for
at least one month before seeking
Industrial Accidents
There were 491 Industrial accidents
recorded hy the Department of Labor
during January, of which 100 were fatal and 391 resulted In serious In
lurles. Compared with the record for
December, the above Is an Increase of
three fatal and 34 non-fatal accidents.
The greatest number of fatalities were
recorded under the headings of Mining nnd Railway service, there being
15 workmen killed I nthe mining Industry and 43 In railway service. Of
the non-fatal accidents, the greatest
number occurred In steam railway service and the metal trades, the figures
being respectively 114 and 87. Two
tatal and 28 non-fatal accidents occurred to workmen In the building
Victoria Laborers Complain
Members of tho Laborers' Protective Unton In Victoria have complained to the city council In regard to the
conduct of the Wentholme Lumber
Co. on the Sooke Waterworks contract. The men there employed claim
that they are forced to cash their pay
checks ln the Panama saloon, and that
they were discounted bo that tho men
did not get their due. Severs! aldermen testified that they had received
evidence of this matter, and the acting mayor observed that he had also
been appealed to by workmen on the
Sooke contract. A check had been
shown him In which a fnce value for
$21 hnd been discounted by 19 less
than Its value. The matter wns referred to the city solicitor for report.
> Is conducting tht sale of Btatlolierr.sae Fancr
t these lines air this date.     - -
^Department li already noted aa. the; Baal 1
Mr. Burke, who Is conducting
expects to clear out 1'
Our Hardware X.,	
Hardware store of vanoouver.   .    .,^_^^^__^^^_^^^^^^^^^_
Why can.we do UT  Because majattt tot «■
While Mr. Burke ta closing out its other Daoartnwrts we are putting
on sale a big line ot Hardware at "Below Cost" Frtoes, at— eat—
Our Chain Steel Range, which la ao well known aad ssaOs ST es» a*
the oldest Canadian manufacture™ and built with large flues ter aattaatL
14-lnch, with high closet and over thermometer, rer 141.06, now__Hi.M
K-lnch, with high coaet and oven thermometer, ret. MI.MJ aaw Mfje
18-Inch, with polished top high closet and ovea teraometer, tig,    '_-
UO.OOs now —i. ..™— ~—.  ,,.,.~ WM«
or white duck,
Carpenters' Aprons, with seven
pockets, legs or straps In brown
- —- H - -ig.lt.7li     „
—....... - 71c
Smoky City Wall Paper Cleaner,
per. tin ..... ——.—.tie
Verlbrlte Furniture Veneer,
81c now «.._....,._-.
2 In 1 Shoe Polish,' 1 tins..,
Verlbrlte Furniture Venear, large
slse, reg, 80c, now....................lie
Aluminum Cope, saeh       „.,;,
Aluminum Salt and Pea*er
Shakers, I for__._____
Aluminum Toothpick HaUera.   -,
each _,—....—._—_____ Ut
Aluminum strainers, each ,,,,,lta
Aluminum Tea Balls, saeh -lie
Solid Copper Tea Kettles, Ng
I snd I, reg. vales* I
new all en* price.', -
5618 MSTllrSS SIKH E«H
v Phone Seymour 3472-3473
Hardware and Tools
■ .    .; '■■    "- /:    \ '.   r  -'■
Qj A splendid etook ot the beet in the world'e market.     '
We mike a epeoialty of enpplying every need and requirement* of the artiean in our line, I
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymoor tM -
Shoa* for Hat-vie*
Shoaa  for Draaa
Shoa* to«> Comfort
Shoae for Iverr Kaqwlrosoat
We've pioked winners in Men's Fall Shoee. We're at the eerrioe
of every man who desire* the beet shoe* hie money emu boy.
WT    ft R P   204 MAIN STREET
>  Ja   \J «V IV Opposite fa CfoHil
Named Shoae Aro l*ra««antly
Mada In Non-Union Faatarlaa
no matter what ite name, unleee it bear* a
plain and readable Impression of thie Stamp.
All shoee without the Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Boot tt Shoo Workers' Union
248 Slimmer Street, Boston, Haas:
J. P. Tobin, Free.    C. L. Uaine, Bee.-Treas
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
Get Your Money's Worth
Patronize Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
Will Not "Get You"
It's a real temperance habit.  And when the beer is
yoa can rest assured that there's not a thing in it that can
harm even an invalid's stomach. The Bohemian hops give it
that delicate arona-the pure barley malt produces that
rich, malty teste. It's just as pure as the Capilano water
from whieh it is made. Before it ie offered to you it is eged
for months in enamelled tanks. It will not ferment in your
stomach.   Demand it from your dealer.   Pinta er quarts.
Canadian Brewing and
Malting Company, Ltd. I
FRIDAY.. .....MARCH 7, 1913
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Provinoe and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do.
The He A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
If you want to enjoy all the comforts end advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake in buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
HS Hastings W.   880 Oranvllle
619 Heelings W.
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Fein 20e
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll..... 20c
The People's Bookstore
1tt Cordove W.
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Stoves and Nioe Warm
for the cool weather at
897 Granville Street Cor. Smyths
Phone Sey. 8745
We can furnish|w«rt,oui.i
YOUR HOME|" tt""
41 Hastings Street W
Phone Seymour 3887
Mr. Union Man
Here is the place to
buy a union-made
We oarry the largest
assortment of union-
made bate in
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Haatinge and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
(2.00 Hate
woinai moras bias
OfleUI oifu of Tha BooUOli. Wtutj
cf Ort*t Britain
Head Offlce: 188 Grays Inn Road,
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■ubicrlption Bates i
12 montha....40e
6 months....20c
Single copies Co
The "Western
Clarion" desriu-
ed the "Socialist
Standard" as the
but paper in the
Auctioneer and
Commission Dealer
Open to oonduct sales anywhere In city. Goods received
and sold on commission. Weekly
auction sales ot tools, furniture
and household effects held every
Saturday afternoon and evening
at our Salesrooms.
Neer Main St.
PHONE SEY. 1679.
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143  Haatinge  Street  West
A Credit to Union Workmanship
Most up-to-date Bathe ln the
dty. Hot Room, Steam Room,
Massage end Swimming Tank.
All Inoluded for One Price, $1.00
Hastings and Carrall Sts.
Peta Bancroft, Prop.    -
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Poniea for Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
Berry Bros.
Agents (or Cleveland Cycles,
"Tht Sterol* witu ths Btpntatlon"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
mono Seymour 7503
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
fl When you buy your suite
from ui you are doing io. We
employ union workmen  only.**
fl In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
became you are assured of the
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
OMPANY      «
62 Hastings'st. east
vancouver,   b, c,
Closing Days of Provincial Legislature
Provincial Parliament.
Socialist   Members   Active—Criticize
Budget—Introduce Bills.
VICTORIA, Feb. 26.—
PLACE, Nanalmo, introduced a Bill
respecting payment of wages, and was
heard to advantage when moving the
second reading of his amendment to
the Coal Mines Regulation Act.
He instanced the Cumberland strike
and other cases where trouble had'
arisen as a reason /"why his amendment should carry; which proposes, in
brief, that the miners themselves shall
elect and have control over the gas
committee. He claimed it would put
an end to the discrimination, and he
could see no reason why the government could object to such a bill.
McBride adjourned the debate, as he
did also on Williams' Bill providing for
a minimum wage for miners of three
dollars per day. He showed ln debate how even in this hazardous occupation men were more plentiful than
jobs, and that the miners should be
protected against the competition of
Chinese and incoming easterners after
the harvests.
When he took a fall out of Bowser,
that gentleman kept his head out of
sight behind his paper.
Said Parker: "The honorable attorney-general can scarcely object, ln
these prosperous times we hear so
much about, to the miners having a
share In the same, seeing that while
wages were staying very much at the
same level, everything was going on
higher up." Coming toNUie Chinese
working ln the mines, be thought it a
good chance for the government to
show how sincere their pretensions
were, of loving white labor, by helping
this measure.
When the estimates came up, Place
hsd first whack at them, and said In
"T*fat as a member of the working
class and representative of the same,
he could not be expected to go Into
details over the various Items tbat
adorned the Budget, as lt was no concern of his how tbe surplus value
wrung from the workers was spent; lt
was gone, and consequently the workers would never get it back.
\ There were several Items he would
comment on, however, as affecting him
and his constituents; and these were
notably tbe expenditure on the Boy
Scouts, the Cadets and Militia, and
also the special constables. And followed a vigorous trouncing of these
things; of the butcher going around
the schools bedecked In uniform, and
medals, and telling tbe children what
a fine thing lt was to be a cadet; the
government ought to be ashamed of
such tactics; why did they not go to
able-bodied men, who could reason for
themselves, and not try to pplson the
minds of little children, in the name
of education. This humbug was disgusting, the whole idea of the Boy
Scout movement and the cadets, was
to mate soldiers, and he was, as all
Socialists were, unalterably opposed to
war >n any form, for exploitation.
These items, $6,000 for cadets, $3,000
for militia, $1,000 for Boy Scouts, etc.,
ought to be cut out of the 'Ist, If the
government was, as It pretended to be,
for all the people. /
The next thing we would find a bill
for a tlnpot navy, If this kept up, as
there was not a Conservative there
wbo would not slobber all over a platform about the Union Jack. (Hear,
hear, from McOowan, and applause.)
A vigorous denunciation of the income derived from head tax on 0,000
Chinese last year, followed. He did
not blame the Cninese for coming any
more than the Englishman, but it was
a great comment on government pretenses to be tor a white B. C, and
some day they would have to reckon
with ii; they were a detriment to
every miner In B. C, and If the government was sincere, they would face
the question like men.
He couldn't grasp this talking In
millions, so freely scattered through
the Budget; he was more used to six
bits, but he could live nicely the rest
of his life on some of the money spent
on junketing around.
The $43,000 spent to transport Bowser's friends, the hired thugs, on the
railroads, got a sarcastic treatment
If the government would insist on decent conditions in the camps, there
would be no need of this item at all.
The Idea of spending $43,000 to protect
scabs made him sick, for a scab, he
declared passionately, Is the lowest
animal alive.
Another piece ot sarcasm emanated
from him. at the contrast between the
amounts allowed to Nanalmo and
Saanich respectively for roads, etc. It
was easy to see where the government
man was.
M'QOWAN, Vancouver, who continued the debate, said among other
things, that it was very unfair that the
Indians should monopolize the best
land In the province.
CAMPBELL, llossland, said he was
from a prosperous community, where
the miners were well satisfied. There
was no red flag there, and there would
be none. If Nanaimo was so depressing, why didn't Place come and live In
cheerful RoBsland.
Parker Williams was the next on
the job and took a rap at the idea
that the government was responsible
for the prosperity alleged to exist in
I'rltlsh Columbia. The time had come
to develop BrltlBh Columbia and no
power on earth could prevent lt, and
the government was simply claiming
the credit because they fortunately
were placed where they were.
They.could not show one bit of legislation to prove that they had produced
prosperity. It was due to the fact that'|
the old world had discovered Its possibilities, and Its capitalists were getting the most out of it. It was due to
them, too, that the government was
placed In such a position.
Coming to labor conditions, he claim-
ed that the Workmen's Compensation
Act was a fraud and oonterred no
benefit on the workers. Anyone
knew who looked Into the question,
that a widow or relatives, no matter
how good a case they had, would never
go to court and prepare to flght the
beet legal talent in the province, for
they knew how useless It was, so they
usually compromised and accepted a
ridiculously small sum, compared to'
what they should get,
He. hoped that McPhllllps, who was
slated for the Supreme Court, would
do something to make the Act more
effective, till a new bill could bo Introduced next session.
Parker Williams moved the second
reading of a bill to amend the Highways Act, providing that roads leading
to Ave or more bouses, ln a settlement,
should be declared public highways, as
he declared that a number of places
owned by corporations could not be
approached by persons   disliked   by
these companies, and were treated as
trespassers, because all roads were on
private property.
Wednesday, Feb. 26th.
Battle Royal—Socialists vs. McBride,
The proceedings of a tedious and
dry as dust committee on the budget,
were given a little ginger, when Place
had the Impudence to butt in on the
preserves of the boss.
It was over the grant of $3,000 towards the cadets' trip to Australia, and
Place wanted to know tbe reason of
the visit.- Mc. ln his grandest manlier, told of the nearer and dearer ties
established, etc, and offered sarcastically to have a special parade of the
cadets forTlace's benefit, to show htm
what fine fellows they were.
Place came hack with the information that he and his party had very
decided views on this military question, whereupon, spake Sir Richard:
You are not opposed to the Canadian
militia, surely?"
'Certainly I am," returned Place,
"from the Boy Scout stage to the
militia, I am opposed to all military
McBride—Isn't It good to have children disciplined and trained?
Place—Not ln that way. The aim of
the Boy Scout movement Is to make
future soldiers.   Militarism pure   and
simple.   It Is r^o good trying to humbug us that lt Ib only physical drill.  It j
destroys individuality; one man leads I
and thinks; the others, like sheep, follow and obey,   I don't object to the
going to Australia,   I shouldn't mind I
if we all could go, and even the Premier could have a good   time there.
But I do object to this military training.
Lucas, Yale, got in with both feet
at this juncture, and wanted to know
how Place could reconcile this attitude
with the miners coming on strike;
didn't they obey the union? Didn't
someone think for them?
Place—We are not talking about
strikes, but I can say this, there was
no commanding done, they thought tor
themselves, '
McBride—I do not think the member
tor Nanalmo's party all the world over,
take tbe same view. I know Mr.
Fisher, the Australian leader	
Place—Pardon me, he Is not a Socialist.
McBride—Anyway, he represents
labor, and he stands for conscription,
and as far as I can, I will make lt my
BUSINESS to commend SOUND, MILITARY TRAINING. He would recommend Place to look at It from other
standpoints, and get to a fair attitude,
then he would change his mind.
Parker Williams now got the floor
and humorously and pointedly said he
would be glad to look at this matter
so as to be fair, if the other side
would do the same, and look at Socialism from a different viewpoint
He then pointed out to Lucas tbe
fallacy of thinking that strikes were
made by agitators,
"The union is tbe nearest approach
to democracy that mankind has yet
reached," said Parker Williams in an
impressive manner.
He couldn't see any credit coming
to the government over this cadets'
visit; they had a great job to raise
the wind to get home on.
Then Parker Williams paid his respects to the military evil, which In
his inimitable way he described as a
system of training which taught a man
to put a foot forward or back as be
was ordered (laughter). There was
nothing original about a soldier; he
was'made a machine,
The man of war, McPhllllps, of
course, had been boiling over during
this grilling of his pet hobby, and for
fifteen minutes held the House enthralled and deafened, as he described
In a bellicose manner how disorderly
rabbles became bands of heroes (?)
under military training, etc.
I This concluded the military affair,
but now being warmed up, the two Socialists gave Ellison a hot time with a
bombardment of questions as to why
Nanalmo and Ladysmlth were neglected in tbe grants; was It because they
didn't elect followers ot the machine?
Place's amendment on the Coal
Mines Act got lt ln the neck, by in
votes to 2, but not before the Newcastle man got In some hot shot at
McBride in a telling manner, which
brought the retort from Dlek that
Parker Williams was indulging In
cheap talk.
Parker Williams claimed tbat as a
miners' representative he had a right
to be heard from, when Inspectors
were appointed.
In a vigorous castlgatton of the government's negligence, he charged the
mines department with responsibility
for many explosions, all of which could
have been prevented, If officials had
done their duty, and many widows
would not now be mourning their
The government should shake off
the domination of railroad corporations
and do their duty.
McBride, in reply, promised he would
In future give Parker Williams a
chance to make recommendations, and
ho would consider them.
Parker Williams retorted bitterly
that the road to hell was paved with
good Intentions.
Parker Williams at a later stage
thanked the government for Increasing
the indemnity to members, as now he
could go further' afield, and show up
the government and Its masters, the
C. N. R.
McBride said lt Parker Williams
didn't do better at his next election
than at the last, he was not afraid,
Parker Williams was pointing out ln
reply that there was a growing spirit
of ohange in the Province, and the
people were getting next to the game
when the Speaker Interrupted tbat this
was out of order,
L So Parker Williams went on to tell
of the black list used against men wbp
reported finds of gas, and quoted evidence of a mine manager before the
Labor Commission in his favor,
McBride told the House that the
present Act wbb the best ever, result
of months of careful study, etc. "Accidents were bound to happen." He
was In favor of the amendment, but It
was not a cure-all, but had been
brought to omit a specific case, so he
asked his faithful men to reject It and
they did so.
Session Ends In a Slaughter.
Friday, Feb. 28th.
Killing every labor measure brought
up by the Socialists, the session of
1918 will close Saturday morning with
a record of nothing to Its credit, as
assisting labor.
The eight-hour day bill was crushed
out by 31 to 2.
Place spoke briefly In favor of the
bill and naked that some of the prosperity talked of should be handed over
to the workers, In the shape of shorter
hours.  He advised the Premier that lt
would be a good way to avoid future
trouble and strikes by granting this
very reasonable measure.
McBride dodged the Issue by saying
that as a' labor commission was now
Inquiring into conditions, -it would be
wise to await its findings. (He did
not think the workmen ot British Columbia would endorse this bill), the
honorable bunco artist, then, gravely
told the House that it was good policy
to allow employers and employes" to
to settle their own affairs, and In tbe
next breath Informed them tbat the
bill would hurt some mines and the
logging industry.
Parker Williams, In reply, pointed
out tbat tbls commission had been the
excuse for two sessions, as a way of
dodging labor measures.
The preesnt commission also was
not a competent one, and further, the
government would take no notice of
Its findings.
McBride pointed to the other commissions, In answer, and the legislation that followed, as proving that they
would do something. He appealed to
their generosity to withdraw the bill,
and alluded to Parker Williams'
dreams of office, ln saying that Williams would have asked the same request, In his position.
Parker retorted tbat he never had
day dreams. He had no ambition ln
that line; bis and his party's mission
was a destructive one, and when complete, they would give way to tranters
of constructive policies.
The worker was on the market, and
the Premier said tbe market should
not be Interfered with. Why, then,
the grant of $50,000 for Immigration
Speaker—That remark Is out of
A division followed with above result.
The Woman's Suffrage Bill was (he
next to put on record as reactionary,
the Conservative party. By a vote of
24 to 9, the House killed It on Friday,
after an adjourned debate from Thursday.
Place stated that be introduced this
on instructions from his party, the
S. D. P. He warned the McBride outfit to avoid any militancy by granting
this request, and at the same time
show that British Columbia was ln line
with China, Finland, and' so-called
backward countries, where women
could now vote.
AlcPhlllips replied as only an old
fogey reactionary could do, and hia remarks are not worth repeating, for as
Place said, there Is uo logical argument against the bill. Seven Conservatives lined up for the women, being
released from fear of the party axe by
Sir Richard. Their names were Young,
Lucas, Miller, Wood, Forster, Hunter,
W. J. Manson.
McBride's Latest Move.
Perhaps we should credit Bowser for
it, as Billy brought In the two bills
which are aimed to keep the government at the fleshpots tor some time
The act provides that the present
voters' list shall be cancelled on March
3rd of this year, and the other act Increases the term of years from four to
five, that the House may sit. Pretty
shrewd, Billy, eh, wbat?
Parker Williams condemned the
move as a political trick, and commenting on the short notice the government gives of elections to come,
remarked that it was quite possible to
bear the party machine going like a
cement works before the notice was
given, so well oiled was lt.
The rest ot the labor measures will
probably get" theirs tonight (Friday) aa
the session will end by morning.
Williams fhoved a resolution censuring tbe government for Its attitude
of indifference to tne strikers and its
babit of assisting the 'employers.
Parker, in moving this, took severe
raps at .the policy of sending ln thugs,
under Instructions from Bowser, to Intimidate and assault the workers; be
declaimed against these drunken scab
herders as the only ones who were
law-breakers In Cumberland.
McBride defended on the usual lines,
but anyone may know by now, that the
gallant knight Is owned by the capitalist class, along with the rest of bis
The resolution, of course, failed to
carry, but this should suffice to show
the working people of this Province
that their enemies are In power. That
their' political party is the Socialist
That the enemy will do anything to
retain Ub hold on power, and tbe
working class must be prepared to go
any lengths to win the control of this
Province. . '
Nearly 12,000 workingmen voted for
Socialism in lintish Columbia last
year. This can be doubled in a short
time If we do our duty. And, very
soon, we will win all along the line,
for we have the numbers In our class,
and our unity spells victory.
F. S. F.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select (rom
FRED PERRY Labor Temple Tailor
Comer Homer ud Oummuir Street*
Is your name on the new  voters'
BnoJiutr, Ludwig (1824-1899), German
naturalist and philosopher, especially renowned for his work, "Force and Matter," which represented an attempt to
give, on the basis of modern knowledge
In natural science, and in a perfectly
popular and accessible form, the substance of an atomist-materlalifltlc comprehension of the Universe. Hundreds
of thousands of copies of this work
were circulated in Germany, France and
Russia, He also wrote a work, "Love"
(describing sociability and sympathetic
Instincts in animals); "Man and His
Position ln Nature," (atao very widely
known ln Germany and France), 'a popular exposition of Darwinism; "Love
and Love Relations ln the Animal
World," 1885; "Last Words on Materialism," London, 1901; etc. By all these
works he has powerfully contributed to
the diffusion of a materialistic—I.e., dynamic—comprehension of Nature.
Suffon, OtOMfH (1707-1788), great
French. naturalist. Made the first attempt to construct a full system of Nature and to give a full description of
the animal world on the bases of comparative anatomy, One of the chief services he rendered was that, notwithstanding a severe opposition and the
menaces of the Church, he put an end to
the Intervention of theology in questions
of natural science. Chief work: "Natural History."
■oonarrott, WUppo (1761-1887), Italian lawyer. Was influenced by the ideas
of Rousseau, and was expelled from
Italy/Corsica, and Sardinia, for propagating revolutionary Ideas. Came to
Paris during the Great Revolution and
joined Babeuf for the propaganda; of
revolutionary Communism. Was Involved ln the Babeuf conspiracy In 1796, and
wrote a description of It, "The Conspiracy of Babeuf." Later on was the chief
Insptrcr of the secret Communist societies In France and Italy in the"twentles"
and "thirties" of the nineteenth century.
Byelaeff (1910-1878), a Russian historian and student of old Russian law; has
four small volumes (Tales from Rus-'
sian History"), the Inner life of the
mediaeval republics of Novgorod and
Pskov. Has also written an excellent
history of the Russian Peasantry and a
work on Russian annals,
Cabet, Etienne (1788-1866), French
Communist, who developed his Ideas In:
his Journal, Le Populalre; and published
In 1842 his chief work, "A Journey to
Icarla," in which he developed ln full his
theory of authoritarian State Communism, This work was widely read and
went through many editions, that of
18166 containln- an analysis of the predecessors of Cabet, Including those of
the French Revolution. In 1848 he attempted to put his Ideas Into practice tn
Texas, and later on ln the State of Illinois, but failed. Still, the colony,
"Young Icarla," continued to exist in
the "eighties" of laat century.
Otaitu, Badolph (1822-1888), German physicist, renowned for his studies
on optica, electricity, and especially the
mechanical theory of heat, of which he
established one of the fundamental
laws. , *
_ Court* Augusta (1798-11867), the
founder of Positivism. His "Course of
Positive Philosophy" Is an attempt at
working out a synthetic philosophy of
all human knowledge on a purely scientific foundation. Positive philosophy
ment, ln Comte's conception, the following:—He established that all human
knowledge began first as theological conceptions (for Instance, man considers
thunder as an expression of discontent
of a divinity, and he explains all facts
of Nature as acts of the will of various
gods). Then man goes over to the meta-
ptiyslcal phase, and explains all acts of
Nature by some abstract forces ("vital
force," "soul of Nature," etc.); and
finally he reaches the positive phase
when he gives up the research of "final
causes" and "substances," and tries only
to find out the laws of the phenomena
which should merely express the relations between them and their succession. In his second work, "Positive
Politics," Comte, however—contrary to
the very essence of his philosophy—endeavoured to lay the foundation of a
religion, of which the divinity was
"Humanity." The Positive philosophy of
Comte exercised a deep Influence upon
all the science and philosophy of the
second half of the nineteenth century,
C-jnsldmwt Victor (1808-18M).
French Socialist, writer, follower of
Fourier, whose work he continued. Edited La Phalange in 1837, and La Pemo-
cratle Pacifique in 1846. Tried later on
to found a phalanstere In Texas. Developed .the Ideas of Fourier in a series
of works of greata value, of which the
chief are: "Soda Destiny," 1834;
"Theory of Natural and Attractive Education," 1836; "Principles of Socialism: Manifesto of the Pacific Democracy," published In 1843, prosecuted,
und published ln a second edition In 1847
—its economical principles, as shown by
W. Tcherkesoff, represent the substancb
of those of the "Communist Manifesto"
of Marx and Engels; "Socialism* Before
the Old World," 1848, an excellent review of the different schools of Social-
Darwin, Charles (1809-1882), the most
renowned naturalist of our own times.
Science owes to him that he proved the
variability of the species of plants and
animals by such a rich mass of facts
that the whole science of organic beings (Biology) felt the effect of his
work. Button and Lamarck ln 1801-9 had
already maintained the variability of
species and the descent of all species
of plants And animals from some common ancestors, Darwin worked out tills
Hypothesis on a scientific basis, and endeavoured to show that, given the Immense number ot Individual variations
which continually appear ln every
species, natural selection In the struggle for life (or the survival' of the Attest! would be quite sufficient to explain
the gradual development of all the existing species of plants find animals, Including man, and to account for the
wonderful accommodation of most of
them to their surroundings from the action alone of natural causes, without the
intervention of a guiding power. His
theories were admirably explained in a
very simple form by Huxley ("Lectures
to Working Men"). His two chief works
are "Origin of Species," 11869, and
"Descent of Man," 18U.
Diderot, Dttlfc (1713-1784), French
philosopher. Aftetr having been prosecuted for his "Philosophical Thoughts,"
1746, and imprisoned for his "Letters
on the Blind, 1749, he conceived and
realized the Idea of the "General Encyclopaedia," an Immense work for that
epoch, which lie succeeded In bringing
to an end in twenty-two years (1761-
1772), with the collaboration of
n'Alembert, H^"wch, and all the best
thinker-* and men of science of the time
—notwithstanding the Intrigues directed
Rtiainst him by both the clergy and the
civil authorities.
SncyclopM diet ■.—This Is the. name
given to the founders of, the contributors to, and the publishers of the great
French "Encyclopaedia" (1761). The
most prominent among them were
iV/Mpniimrt and Diderot. This work was
of immense Importance for the philosophical development of Europe, because not only was lt an endeavour to
give the whole of the knowledge of the
day In Mathematics, Natural Sciences,
History, Art and Literature, all treated
in an Impartial way; but It also was the
organ of all the thinkers of that time
for the advanced, irreligious, rationalist
thought of France ln the eighteenth
century. The name of Encyclopaedists
Is also extended to all those who shared
their Ideas.
Fejcbntr, OuitaT (1801-1887), German
physiologist and philosopher. Although a
metaphysician and a follower of Schel-
Ilng, he began to work out physical
psychology on a purely experimental
■-round. Matter and Mind are for him
of the same nature, and only represent
for the human understanding two different views nf the same phenomena.
Their ln\v<j are the same. His "Elements nf Psycho-Physics," an epoch-
mnklnc work, appeared in 1860.
Fourier, rraaeols Marie Charles (1772-
1887), French Socialist writer; with
Robert Owen and Saint Simon, one of
the three chief founders of modern
Socialism. The* chief Idea of his theory
was: A full development of human
nataure, free of all artificial fetters, Is
the absolutely necessary condition for
the attainment of happiness and virtue
In society, while misery and crime are
the consenuences of the unnatural constraint which present society Imposes
upon man, even for permitting him to
work ln order to satisfy his needs. The
necessity of a reconstruction of society
on the basis of Intelligent association
follows from these principles, Chief
works: "Tralte des Quatre Mouve.
ment««," 1808; Xe Nouveau Monde In>
dustriel," 1820. An Important school of
Socialism, which Included among its advocates Conslderant. Leroux, and many
others, was developed by his pupils. For
information concerning them, see Klrk-
up's "History of Socialism."
Vnmdhon, Mem (1809-1866), French
Socialist, the most powerful critic of th-*
capitalist system and the State, as well
as the authoritarian systems of Communism and Socialism. About his own
system of Mutualism, see the text of
this hook. Chief works: "What Is
Property?" "Bystem of Economic Contradiction.."; "Confessions of a Revolutionist"; "General Idea about the Revo.
hi tlon in the Nineteenth Century"; "On
the Political Capacity of the Working
Clncs"; etc'
■lcardo, David (1772-1828), an English economist of the school considered
as "classical" by the Universities. He
fully developed, after .Adam Smith, the
theory that the amount of necessary
labour Is the standard and measure or
the exchange value of all marketable
goods; and alQo a theory of ground rent,
to which the Universities attribute a
'•rlentlflc value. His chief work was
"On the Principles of Political Economy
anfl Tnxatlon" (1817.)
■ohslllng, l-reldrtoh (1776-1864),
German philosopher of the period of reaction. Attempted to build up a system
that would embody all nature;.but, partly from want of a knowledge of natural
science, and partly from preconceived
ideas, stranded In metaphysics
■eruin, Xwo (1786-1876), French en
gineer.      *~~ '
Toft Karl (1817-1896), Swiss naturalist and politician, professor of geology
and zoology. Took part ln the Revolution of 1848 ln Germany, Author of
several purely scientific work* and an
excellent popularlser. Materialist and
follower of Darwin after the appearance
of "Origin of Species." His litle work,
"A Pitman's Faith and Science" ("Koh-
lerglaube und Wissenchaft") exercised
a great influence during the natural
science revival of 1856-62. Other works:
"Zoological Letters," "Old and New from
the Life of Animals and Men," "Letters
on Man,"—probably none of them translated Into English.
(With apologies to Mr. Kipling)
We've fed your greed for a thousand
Ye call to us still unfed.
Tho' never a stone on your beauties'
breasts /
But marks our nameless dead.
Ye-ve thrown our best to your mines
To the factory, field and mill.
If blood be the price of Capital,
Lord God ye ha' drunk your fill.
There's never a war of all your wars
But our's the blood that's shed.
There's never a fire In all yofflr mines
But roasts our sightless dead;
While our women wait at the thrice-
barred gate,
'Neath the otl lamp's hissing glare.
If blood be the price of Capital,
Lord God! we ha' paid our share.
There's never a fall of rock today
But marks a worker's grave;
There's never a rotten hulk that sinks
But takes us 'neath the wave.
The shops and mills, the plains and
hills /
Are patterned with our dead.
If blood be the price of Capital,
Lord Godt how we have bled.
—Gerald D. Lively.,
The Only Shop .
in British Columbia using paper stock bear-
ing the watermark (label) of
al Paper-makers Union
Mail Oiden Promptly Filled
Phone Seymour 824
Ask Your BARBER For
Quality th* Bast
a. o. bamims sum-t* oo.
ei? i	
Ht>W About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main St. Formerly at 440
▼AaaouTsa, a. 6.
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subeerlptlon $1 Per Year
Miners' Magazine 605 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
Good end Reliable
Always to ba had at the
Imperial Wine
54 Cordova Street West
Phone Sby. 955
Fold better than any other historian, In mechanical equivalent of beat.
Provincial Beotlou Aot
Notice la hereby given that the list of
voters for the Vanoouver City Electoral
District has been cancelled, and that applications to be placed on the voters'
list will be received at my offlce at 601
Pender Street W., Vanoouver, where
printed forma of affidavit to be used in
support of an application to vote will
be supplied.
The list of persons claiming to vote
will be suspended from and after the
seventh day of April, 1918, and a Court
of Revision will be held on the nineteenth day of May, 1913, and notice ot
objections to the Insertion of any nam*
on the register of voters must be given
to me thirty clear days before the holding of the Court of Revision, .
Dated this 4th day of March, 1911,
, -~ v.—.-, — «. ,   ' J* MAHONT,
'w^^he/flV^t^to/meiBure  the \ Registrar of Vpters^for tbe Vanoouver
Sty"Sectoral District.
r****"iii i. ^.I'ni-i' ) f ■ 'ill   '


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