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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 28, 1913

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* j'
No, 710,   Welch your e&ifttt label..
$1.00 A YEAR
f.. ;   ■ "
/1 The convention of District 18 of the at the last convention ot that body,
a  Mted Mine Workers of America as-
° imbled ln the olty of Lethbrldge,
.lberta, on Monday, Feb. 17. - Prist-
/ent Clem Stubbs took the chair at
■*■ 10 a.m.   Mayor Hardle formally wel-
C homed the convention on behalf of the
? /city. .   «::,..■
' Lilt of DiligatM
Alec. Weill, Burmlir J. B. Thorn-
hill, Diamond City; W. R. Hughes,
Blslrmora; 3. Mitchell, Carbondale; J.
Johnston, Coleman; 3. Larson, Lethbrldge; A, McRoberts, Tahir; R, Levitt, Bellevue;   W. Patterson,   Royal
View; J. T, Dudley, HUlcrett; B. Davit,
Corbln; J. D. McNeil, Coilhunt; W.
Lytkowskl, Cinmore; J, Mafdal, Pall-
burg; W. Balderstone, Hosmer; D,
Rees, Fernle; W. Wlnitanley, Fernle;
J. Howbrook, Ferule; F. Wheatley,
Bankhead; J. M. Barrle Chinook; F.
Weir, Frank,
Fraternal Delegates: C. W. Alfora,
of the Lethbrldge Tradei and Labor
Counoll and W. Fleming, of District I,
W. F. of M„ were also given seati and
one vote each; the district officers and
International representative! T, 0.
Harriet and C. Theodorovltch, and 3.
Gott anl C. Vennettl, have a voice hut
no vote, In accordance wltb the die-
trict oonitltutlon.
The report ot Preeldent Stuhbi, covering the,work of the put year, li an
able and comprehensive document, the
introduction to which reads as follows:
"ln submitting to you my Int annual report as President of our District I do so with the feeling that the
general condition of our organisation
has much Improved In companion
with the iltuatlon oh my taking office.
At that time we were suffering under
financial obligation!, and the faot that
our memben did not realise thli did
not lighten our burdens In any degree. In addition to thli we. had to
contend not only agalmt the bitter
feeling of the operator! that bad been
engendered hy the itrlke from which
they had not recovered at that time,
but we alio faced the fact that employment wai scarce, that many of our
members were still unable to obtain I
employment, and thli condition In It- 1911, wai   approximately   $66,000.00.
self assisted in giving   opportunities! This hai been paid, in addltion.to sup-
President Stubbi says:
"It Is to be regretted tbat the United
farmers of Alberta did hot at their
Convention held lh Calgary in January
decide to affiliate or at least advise
imitation of their members with the
Alberta Federation of Labor, more
particularly so ln view of the fact that
:he farmers' delegates and thi Prill-
lent of their organisation,.who attend-
id tbe Convention at which the Al-
jerta Federation ot Labor wai organized, were all heartily In favor of tha
icheme. I am firmly convinced that
md the executive allowed the matter
.o be freely dlicuned . tbe outcome
would have been different, aa tbere
vera a large number of farmers pret-
snt who fully realised mat If the work-
in of thli Provinoe are to benefit by
legislative enactment! ,- they muit or
janlse their foroes so that their re-
lulrements will be supported by all
:he organised power It Is possible to
tiring to bear. The decision ot thlt
convention, however, by no meant re-
noves Ihe hope that thli affiliation
will be brought about in the pot very
ilstant future,'*
Other matten dealt with ln the report were: Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, Coal Mlnei Regulation Act,
Protection of Wagei, Old Age Pensions, Compensation Clalmi, Labor
Commission In B, t„ the "Dlstriot
Ledger," Local Strikes, District Election!, Organisation, Alberta Federation
of Labor.
The report of Secretary-Treasurer
Carter contained the following:
'It It with much pleasure that I am
ible to report to tbe membership tbat
this la the first year In tbe hlitory of
this District as United, Mine Worken
that we find ounelvei practically solvent. On the lint o. December there
was a balance In the bank of $8,578.18
(General Account $8,206.29 and Relief
Account $371.84), and ln addition tbe
amount of $3,610.37 hai been paid to
District 10, U. M. W. ot A., In connection with the Fernle Local Loan, making a total of $12,188.40.
Our Indebtedness at December lit,
The regular meeting on February
19th of the Tradei and Labor Council of Victoria wai called to order by
Preildent Watchman at 8 o'clock. All
officer! preient. Minutes ot previous
meeting adopted, Credentials were received and delegates teated as follows: Electrical Worken, J. Wilson,
A. Rigg; Plumbere and Bteamliten;
J. Brady, J. Day; Amalgamated Car-
penten, J. Thomas, O. McKay, W. T.
Reports of Committees
■ Delegate King reported for ipedal
committee In n Allen Labor cant of
some month! ago showing expenses
incurred amounting to $116,00. Report
received and referred to finance committee.
The Preildent reported for ipedal
committee appointed to attend Cltl-
tem ' Carnival Committee meeting!
stating that the managing committee
il prepared to give organlied libor all
preference In connection with the celebration.  Report receiyed ai-Jirogress.
A deputation of the Iron Mouldere'-
Union waited on tbe Council and wei;e
given the privilege of tbe floor,' They
aiked the Tradei ind Labor Council
to support tbem In their endeavor to
have certain contracts   tor   castings
.—— .        ,:.i -i
These things/are necenary ln order
to be on the Voten' List for Dominion
and Provincial elections. Tou muit be
a Brltlih subject. Tou muit have resided in British Columbia for six,
months. Tou must have resided In
the Vancouver Electoral Dlstriot for
one month. If you fulfil the foregoing
qualifications and you are not yet on
•he voten' Hit tee J. W. Wilkinson,
Room 210 Labor Temple, and get on
the lilt
awarded to local flrmi, there being
three-eighth centner pound difference
ln favor of an outioide tenderer.' The
deputation uked thtt a letter be tent
from the Council supporting tne local
tenden, It wai on actios decided to
comply wltb tbe reautst of the mold-
en and to hack the letter up with a
deputation of the molden and the
Preaident and Secretary of the Coundl.
From C. T. Soott Paitor Metropolitan Methodist Church requesting the
appointment of a committee to meet
the committee on Capital and Labor
of the Social Cervice League (or the
purpose ot a conference on that subject. Received ud C, Blverti W. Wilton and J. L, Martin were appointed
aa the committee.
From Building Tndii Council liking for a committee of three to confer
with similar committee of that body
to consider the advisability of organ-
Iced labor taking part In the Carnival.
Reselved and V. H, Norrli, C. Blvirti
and O, A, King appointed ai tbe com-
mittee.  ,'   ;/-
The Minister ot Labor wrote declining to appoiat the Secretary of the
Contact! is the official correspondent
for tbe Labor Gasitte, on the ground
tbat the preient corrnpondent hat
liven satisfaction.
The Longshoremen's Union wrote
saying that as a result of correspondence between that body, Laboren
Protective Union, and tbe Coundl
they wUl* In future call for members
of the laboren whin ruth work occurs on the water front
The proipecti art bright for attentive organlaation work In the City ol
Victoria during -the coming sstson.
the Orgentiation Committee of thr
Tndet and Labor Coundl composed
of E. King, O. Slverti, J. Bllord, F
Free and W. Cappy have planned their
work for tb* next tew months. Stipe
have teen'taken to form a union of
retail clerktV Tbe. flnt meeting war
held last week, several mettlngi o*
carriage maken hive been arranged
for the next few weeks. Tht desire ol
business people to have organlted libor take part In the coming carnival
will be taken advantage of to tbe full
nt extent, but the dltcmtent of the
worken themselves It the miinsprlnr
and motive power that gives promise
to our efforts. The proper direction of
the spirit of discontent li what bringe
lilting benefit to tbe worken, .'■
.-'-.•■'.■ 0.8.
(or the Indulgence lu the high handed
methods that were practiced in tome
cases. These conditions have, however,
been greatly improved, first by the action of the Internatlon union In liquidating our financial responsibilities, and
for which we should > express our
hearty appreciation; and aecondly by a
gradual improvement in the labor
market, which removed to a great extent the opportunity to Indulge In io
many petty Infractions of tbe agreement,
"My own work his been of such a
nature that I have found It Impossible
to do many things that should have
been done and particularly Is tbls so
In connection with the provisions of
the conititutlon requiring my pressnee
at local union meeting!. We have alio
some disputes not yet settled on account of tbe tact that It his been Impossible for me to dispose of all the
casei that have come, to my hands.
Immediately upon taking office the financial posltlqn of the District waa of
such nature as to demand my absence
from the District for some time, when,
acting under instructions from the
District Executive Board, the Secretary-Treasurer, and myself went to
Screnton to Interview President White.
As a result of our visit and Interview
with Preildant White we received assurances, which I may add, were car
rled out, that the financial obligations
contracted on account of the etrlks
would be liquidated by the International."
Referring to tbe fact that the United
Farmers of Alberta did not affiliate
with the Alberta Federation ot Labor
porting a great number of our members through their being unable to obtain work after the settlement wu
retched, some of whom were receiving
relief up to tbe end of June, 1912. This
gratifying result wis only brought
about by tbe generous assistance received from the international organlaation, and hid It not been for thli
consideration, lt Is quite patent tbat
our financial condition today, and alto
our general standing, would have
been.a rather unenviable one,
"It Is pleasing to report that notwithstanding the advene conditions
with "v/hich the District hit been confronted since the settlement ln November, 1911, the membership on January
lit 1913, wai larger than It has ever
been since the formation of the District.
"On January 1st, 1911, the membership was 6,827.
"On January 1st, 1913, the membership was 5,918."
An Interesting feature at the convention was the recommendation of
the committee, and the discussion
which followed, on a resolution proposed by Delegate Dudley of Hillcrest,
to the effect that the convention adopt
ine Socialist platform.
Ihe recommendation of the committee read .in effect that District 18 endorse tbe platform ot ths Soolillst
party of Canada on the political field.
Lengthy discussion followed, and while
a tew did not think that the time wai
ripe for them to take thli action, although the various speakers person-
Sunday, March 2:
Bartindin, 2,30.
Monday, March Si
Boilermakers, Electrical Worker!,   621;   Electrical   Workere,
2'3;  Laborers, Bro. of Cirpsn-
ten, Elevator Constructors.
Tuesday, March 4:
Sign   Painteri,   Clgarmakers,
Shlnglm,  Tallore,  Amal.  Carpenten, Loco, firemen,   Brick-
Wednssdiy, Mirch 5:'
Steam Engineers, Tile Layers,
Photo   Enpravere,   Amil.   Carpenters,    Street     Pillwiymen,
Plumbers, Cement Workeri.
Thureday, March 6:
Ship    Carpenten,    Pslnters,
Sheet Metal Worktrt, Railway
Carmen, Tradei and Labor Council.
Friday, March 7:
Upholsterers- Pattern Makira,
Cookt, Civic Employees, Mold-
en. Letter C-rrl«-»
Saturday, March tl
The mlnen who are on itrlke from
the Britannia mines report that the
situation remains unchanged. "At tbe
meeting held last Monday In the
Labor Temple steps were taken to
carry on tie strike and to receive reports from pickets, etc. It was further
stated that all unions having member! working it Britannia Beach have
withdrawn them. The mine and the
tunnel camps are now practically deserted with the exreplln rf ilx shift
bosses. The company has had no success ln trying to get men to take the
placet of the striken, In spite ot the
fact that they are being actively assisted by the employment agencies ln
the city.
The adjourned meeting of the
Tradei Council was held last night,
The proceedings opened with a continuation ot the report of the parlia-
irehtary "i committee. The voten
francbls-r for all women wai endorsed,
whilst tbe matter of endeavoring to
secure the appointment cf a female I .,,,   ....,., ...   .   -,
factory lnspeotor was laid aelde for' aot've -A »uimt wo.*?or ? "W •n"to
a month. The following members of. -anion movement of txu> city, and altho committee did not attend the last  ws?8 t0 ,h* ,ront wh8D "W in<)va "u
L. H. Burnham, who hat bedn In
charge of the offlcA of the United
Brotherhood ot Carpenters In th'e"t"e-
hor Temple for a considerable period,
is leaving Vancouver. Bro. Burnham li, 0BTlm_d.T Fahnier» _
going to Dewar Lake in Saskatchewan | ™4™ii™*** f'SULJSl
to be partner and manager In a farming machinery and Implement business ln which he has acquired an Interest. During the years that ho hat
been in Vancouver, he hai been an
WHEREAS, Alml'hty God. In HIf
Infinite wisdom and mercy bat teen
fit to remove from our midst bur Brother,' Robert J. Olockling, President
cf the International -Brotherhood ol
Bookbinder! and
WHEREAS In the demise ot our
Brother we luffcr the loss of one wbc
devo'ed hit life to the uplifting rf cur
organisation and the Trade Union
movement generally,
thit Locil 105, Vancouver, B, C, in
regular meeting assembled, extend tc
the widow and family of our departed
Brother our ilncere sympathy ln tbelr
sid bereavement;
that a copy cf these resolutions be tor
waicel to the widow of deceased, e
copy he published In the International
Journal of our organlzatlm, also r
copy be spread upon he minutes of our
proceedings, md our Charter br
craped ln mourning for a period o!
thhty dayi.
meeting of the committee: Fenls,
Burnham, McDonald, Bartley, Knowles,
Mowat, Kelly, Jones and Blumberg.
The secretary was Instructed to com
pile and report the replies reselved
on the question cf Industrial unionism. President R. FoBter of the ccal
miners on Vancouver Island was Invited to take the floor. In a short
speech he cove.ed the miners' situation and stated:that the International
office ot the miners Intended to light
nllv^InnnorteH   h« nl.tfn™Ton ..Ma,"  the *"» t0 » flI1"»>' aB «key had the
^LTl°^t^rI,"S0,iaTOte|money to do It with, and In    tbe
being taken It was carried,
Not only art th«y
Canadian mannfao-
taw, but they sre
union made, and bo
un.on man should
wear any other kind.
The faot that they
are union made
proves that they are
well made, and the
name "Peabody" it
your quality guarantee,
future Interests cf the coal miners en
| this coast they could not afford to be
[beaten. Delegates McVety and Wll
kinson wl'l appear befrre the R^yal
Commission on Labor at tbe Court
House, Vancouver, on March 7th, and
all oiganisatlons are asked to give
them all Informant n and support ln
order that the Interests of tbe organized labor movement may be properly
laid before the commission.
to be made to Improve conditions of
the worke-s. Maybe he will emu buck
among us tome day, but whether he
doea or not his untiring ener.iy will bo
missed, and meanwhile we wish Win
all the success In his new work that
hs could wish for himself.
COMPARE THEM—Note the fit, yardage, number
of pockets, finish, eto.' There's no other overall that
can hold a oandle with them for good values.
LOOK AT THE JACKETS—They are equally
good. Note the gauntlet cuffs, and the uniform band
collar, and then you'll be satisfied there's only one
good jacket, and that's the one made by Peabody..
For Sal* at the
Hudson's Bay Stores
The social evening which was held
In Labor Temple Feb. 22 by the
Bakers' Union was a remarkable success, over 200 people being present.
A number of non-union bakera wire
present, and expressed themselves as
being surprised at the excellence of
the entertainment provided during
the evening. The programme wai
long and varied, he feature! of wb'ch
were the piano selection by Mrs.
Whyte, and the Blnglng of Mies Mc-
"Charlie" Good, the Scotch comedian, received aa ovation for his comic
songs, also Messrs. "Will" Orlem, W.
Barker, Mr. Woods, comic; J. Reynolds, coon songs; and Mr. Thornton,
were much appreciated by an attentive audience. Two cakei were raffled tor during the evening, the winner! of same .being Mr. F. Flndlay
and W. Rogen:
At our next soc'al which will be
held on Saturday, March 7th, Mr. E.
Plant, hakesbop Insnector, will give
a lecture on "The Technicalities of
Bread Baking." Discussion will he
allowed after the lecture, and a hearty
invitation Is extended to all bakers to
attend this meeting.
We are expecting a visit from cur
general president, Mr. G, F. Hedrlck*-
also our sixth vice-president, Bro.
A. E. Soott, of Winnipeg.
Their reason for vliltlng Vancouver and every other city on the Pacific Slope at thli time Is for. the
purpose of considering the advle-
ibllity ot furthering the organization
work of the -varloua unlont of the
brotherhood, with a view to consolidating the work In order that there
will be no overlapping, thus doing
away with unnecessary expense With
the opening of the Panama Canal hut
two yean away, there Is a tremendous
amount of organisation work to be
done In thli territory before the
Brotherhood of Patnten will be able
to cope with the Influx of "cheap"
tabor which It threatened when the
"big ditch" li ready for traffic.
The Labor Commission visited Cum
berland on the 19th, 20th, and 21st
Inst, when the coal miners' situation
was thoroughly explained to them
On the Thursday afternoon the commission went through No. 7 Mine accompanied by the general Euperlntei
dent, Mr. J, R. Lcckart, and Messn.
Naylor and McAllister, representing
the striking miners. The "Federa
tlonlst" Is not In receipt ot any Information direct from tbe miners at
to what transpired, and ratbtr thar
trust to the reports of the ordlnan
dally press we prefer to say no more
at the present moment with regard
to the representations which were
made to the commission. Hbwever.
the following taken 'from the report
contained In the Vincouver "Prov
Ince" shows that the miners ire by
no means briten:
Police Have No'hlnq to Do,
"While the struvele voet on, therr
's little outwsH Indication ot the deer
f>el!ngs smouldering among the reo
nle, A dsnee Is being held es"h nlvbt
<n the hall adjoining the hotel tn'
immediately beneath thl rooms which
were occupied by the omm's'loners
The young people who attend keen ur
their enthusiasm until somewhere
ne;r daylight. During the day, tea*
tered groups ot rtrlkers may be teen
nn the itreeti or occupvlng convenient doorwavs. These men are perfectly orderly. Tho police, nre en
Hoi. but they have precMclly no-
th'ne to do During the time the com-
mlrslon was In Cumberland, the onlv
man who wes ordered to 'move on'
was one of tbe commlsslonen."
a number o' men are rn their wsy to last year. Many a bou! will be pro-
Vancouver. Tbe local fishermen loerned j served from perjury as thl result ot
ff that and In response to'a message! this action. McBride figures hi won't
eent by them the following hai been' need the money any longer, ai he Is
rere'ved here: "Clark's Harbor. Caoel now able to make up the provincial
The halibut fishermen's strike In
Vancouver is still in the s»m» noel'lon.
"eanwhlle lt Is slleeed tint Mr. Haesr
'he manager cf the New Fn»lsnrl Fish
Co., hss gone to Bostcn with the oh-
e-t of eecurlns men to take thl
placea of the strikers nnd that a men-
rage his been sent from Boston to
Nova Scotia advising thst the strike
here Is settled, and that fishermen
should come out here. The result Is thst
The most Interesting thing In legll
latlvo circle's this week was the meet'
Ing of the Publlo accounts committee,
An Item was dlicoyered paying 1560
to two men, Theodore Thoroux ind W.
P. O. Boyle, tor bringing French Canadians . Into this province to replace
Asiatics at the Fraser Mills.
Parker Williams criticised this, at
the flnt Inatance Jie had ever teen ol
payments for bilnglng mm from ont
province to another.
But the S. A, or scab agency iccount
came In for not a little criticism. These
human vultures, soul and body chasere*
got a total of (12,709 last year frorr
the Government. It looked as though
the holy crew were not keeping faith
with their employers, for Price Ellison
>tept back 15000 for some time, as the
S. A, gave a very Indefinite account of
the human cattle tbey had provided
for; the committee viewed a smal
"tack of correspondence bitween the
Finance Minister and the S. A. and thr
readers of this may rest assured that
there wis no word In them ot soul
saving. Their whole plea was: "Send
us the sSOOO; we need lt; we will be
broke, unless we get It," and the aime
nauseating appeal ran through all the
It seems that this price wai for Im-
"ortlng 903 British slaves: but whit
the minister wanted wai the number
of domestic servants included. At that,
the list shown the committee only accounted for 274 domestic servants and
80 farm hands. Parker Williams wants'! to know w<<ere the rest were dumped, but could git no enlightenment.
The act to Incorporate the Canad'an
Northern Railway Co. was reported
trom committee complete.
iContlnued on Page Four.)
Fred Bancroft, vice-president of the
Trades and Libor Congress of Canida,
It reported to be confined to hit home
by an attack nf Illness. Mr. Bancroft's
presentitlrn cf the cue rf thl wage
eernert tetore hte Ontario commissioner on workmen's compentatlon has
evoked widespread commendation. The
work ln connectlrn with this matter,
entailed large demands on Mr. Bancroft's time snd energy, and he Is now
suffering from the effects of It, hut It
Is expected thlt a rest-up for a few
days will bring him relief.
Victor R. Mldgley.
In lut wiek'i Fedsratlonlst thin,
wu an article by J: H. McVety dealing
wltb an amendment to the Constitution
it the B. C. Federation ot Labor that
wu adopted by the lut convention.
. He points out lit the flnt part of hla
Mlicle tbat the itcretary-treuurer bit
aot complied with Sec. 19 of thi Con-
itltutlon In submitting the
atnti to the mimbenhlp -or a referendum vote within thirty dayi ot the
conclusion of ths convention, ln this
u li correct, bat he haa probably for-
jotten that last year whin bs wu a
nimbir of tha Executive Board ot tlw
.''ederttion It wu agreed ttat it would
je lolly to submit thi amended constl-
utlon to tbe membenhlp to vote upon
•ntll they Int had an opportunity ot
lading end digesting tht proceedlagt
if the convention and the resolutions
hit led op. to the amindments that
me adopted.
In accordance wltb this undmtand
ng the amendments were aot submit
*d to the membenhlp but year until
lie flnt wuk tn March.
The amendments will be submitted
his year on the tame date. It should
>e borne ln mind that tome of the tf-
illated brganlutioni have (owing to
he changes In secretaries  and tbelr
undlei of proceeding! going utray)
nly within the lut wuk or two re-
elved coplei of the proceedings.
It li In my opinion more Important
'o adhere to tbe tplrlt than the letter*
jf the law.
In my cue a week or two's delay It
unimportant u none   of the a
nenta take Immediate effect.
The,amendment In question wu
•dopted In the doting hour of the
■■st day oi tbe convention alter an ex-
eedlngly hard wuk'i work, Had It
":een given more lengthy and careful
onslderition I am convinced Unt it
vould not have been adopted,
The following li the concluding por-
Ion of the report of the convention, in
vhlch thlt matter It dealt wltb:
'•port of Committee on Conititutlon
and Law.
Delegite *Martln for tbe < committee
m constitution md lew, Mated that
-hey were ready to report -on Resolu-
Ion 29 which had been referred back
t  them by tbe convention,
Reiolutlon No. J9.—Bv Delegate
lott. Oaket, repreientlng United Mine
Vorkerl of America Union No. 1334,
'1'chel—Wherett the preient hull of
epresentstlon Inflict* . hirdrhlpi on
ncals affiliated from tbe eutern pert
if tbe province; therefore be It re-
Dived: That we change tbe basts ot
-epraspntatlrn to read, that one dele-
ate shall have one vote for eviry
'00 memben up to HO, hut no dele-
Tate to have more thin Ave votes.
Delegite Martin reported thit the
-ommlttee had again decided unfivor
•Hy.' "Moved and seconded-that the
eport of the committee le idoptid.
Moved by Delegate McVety u a
substitute motion that the bailt ot
-epresentstlon should be one vote for
•very hundred memben, no delegate
o have more thin Ave votes.
Detente Martin reported thit the
ommlttee had igiln decided untivor-
representation should be one vote far
every hundred memben, ao dilsgate
to have more than tire votu.
The prevlou question w eeMt
for, and on the lubitltute motion be- •
ing pet to tbe bom* th* result was u
follows: 11 torand II igalnst.
.Moved ud seconded tbat a vote of,
thinki,be tendered to tb* varlnui
commlttiei who hav* carried on the
work of tbe cotventlc*.   (Carried.) .
Moved and teconded that the con-
nation stand adjourned tin* dl*.
Convention tdjosnid at 1:48 p.m.    -
Thlt excirpt from tbe proeeedlnct
thowt that On Committee on Conititutlon ud Lew twlo* reported ua-
favorably ca Ruolutlon No. tt aad
tbat the substitute motion ot DUegott
McVety, that mi Is meet the urn*
ai tb* resolution, that wu canted by
a vol* of tt for aad ll agalnit, wu
the lut builnm done by th* convention. The moit remarked* fact la
connection with thlt amsadmsnt is
thli, tbat Mr. McVity u will u-e
number of other diiitatet who up-
ported It, have always oppcied the
American Federation of Labor"* ntt-
•em of voting where the dilifat*
have vote*' running Into hundredi to- -
cording to the strength of their union
membership, aad y*t they dulr* to
adopt a similar though modified eye-
tem fM the B. C. Federation of Labor.
If idopted thie amendnrnit, weald
■slaea thi conventions of th* Federa-
tlon In th* hand* cf lew thin * <hm
mtn. It would also mnn that Inittid
of having a eonvsntlse ef ovir eighty
diligent is we have hail tt the lut
two convention!, tht sttsndines would
probably be out In half, becauu er-
Sinliitlcm like thi Brcthsrhood at
-srpsntin tnd Amilgimitsd Society ,
cf Cirpenttn,' whose irt*mb*nhlp It
■pprexlmitily tot, and who uiutlly
und four er flv* delsgstes, would
naturally conclude that u en* d*l*-
gats would have u many votes is flv*
diligatit, thit thiy might u well only -
tind ont.
Thi remit would hi that Inrtetd ef
hiving ■ convention of th* mm ef
later, we ihould hivi * oonvsntlon of
vetlng mechinu. The trouble of getting delegitei from the interior be- t
cause of the long distances from the
-out cm be better remedied by th*
Federation paying a certain tmouat
per mile toward! thi expenses of dele-
rates coming from loag distances.
This will mean tbat the imili oreani-
nitons In the Interior ud at Price*
Rupert will have an equal chanci with
thl larger organisation to und del*-
gatu. '
Thli mitter hu already bun dle-
cuntd hy tha Executive Board of the
Federation, and tha representatives ot
he Interior mlnen orgultitioni oa
tbe Boird, Vice Presidents Gray and
Cuthbertson agreed that It wu a bet*
ter plan than that ot plural voting.
I think I ua ufily assure the affiliated mimbwhlp thst If this imsndmint
it difutid that the Board la prepared
to iL'bmlt a practical plan far mllsipe ,
expensss to thl nixt convention.
Orgsnlnd libor hu ilwiyi been opposed to plural vetlng In municipal and
blv.   Moved snd seconded   that the other governmental elections, tnd 1
eport of the committee be idopted.      hope thit the membenhlp will defut
Moved   by Delertte McVetv it s' thie attempt to Introduce It Into tbe
-utetltute motion that the   bud   of Brltlih Columbli labor movement,
(By Jaa, H. McVity) ,   Although tbl committee hu not yet
Because of the small per capita tax I reported the amount of Increase necei-
required from the affiliated unloni by'. ssry, It took! to the writer as though
•■----■ - - -      -       ■    '    ah lncreue of five centi per quarter
would be sufficient to enable tha Council to maintain avbuilnett agent.
As to tbe merit! cf the recommendations, opinions differ,. Some uy
that It li merely an attempt to make
a Job for some on*. Othen held that
there Is too much per-caplta tax paid
for affiliation' ind thit thi'Council
li no uu uyway. Then are, ot
count, thi argument! of the more
blind unruicnlng mm and tre not
shared by those Immediately responses for the carrying on of the affaire of organlied libor In thli city.
Among thou ftvorible to the Idea
tbere exists a difference of opinion
si to whtt Ihe dutlu cf such an officer ihould hi. Some think thtt the
agent rhou'd ba atrlgned to the work
of drumming up odd non-nn'on'sts In
various Industries md In this wiy be
made i sort of sitpernumiry of tbe
aients slreidv In the field representing repante orttinl'itlont, Mw ire
wiring to sccert the experience   of
he Trades ind Labor Council, the
luestlon ot placing a businsss anent
in the field hai alwayi been decided
by i reference to the membenhlp
it to whether they were willing* to
iay an Increased ttx to provide for
'hs expense, or rather the additional
expense, due to the adoption of such
> policy.
The question came up at the last
-neetlng of the Council through a rec-
•mimendstlon ot the Executive Committee thit an agent be placed In
'he field, and during the dlicueilon lt
•vss shown that the revenue of tbe
Council on the present bull of ten
cents per quarter wu not quite sufficient to cirrv on the work, even If
it were tried for i few months. Under
he clrcumitincet, It wu felt thit
tbe beit Interests of the movement
wou'd he served by referring the
matter hick to the Executive with
'nstructlons to escrrtiln the amount
of an Increase thlt would he necei-
sarv and to submit the matter to the
unions for their approval of the Increase. ,
(Continued on Page >our.)
The »3.00 Pol! Tax, which the Government of Bri'.lsli Columbia hu hitherto collected from every adult mill
citizen who filled to elude the tax
collector, has now been finally re-
pealecfat the preeent session of the
legislature. Tbls Is tho outcome ot •
recommendation made by the tax commission which toured   the   Province
Sable Island, Nova, Scotia. Men left on
21st for Vancouver. Telegram trom
Mr. Hagar stated strike settled. These
men are no strike breakere." When
the men reach Vancouver they will be
met hy the local fishermen and the
situation explained to them.
A multi-millionaire ln a fashlonsble
restaurant pointed to a line on the
mepu and said to the wslter: "I'll have
eome of that, please." "I'm sorry, sir,"
the waiter answered, "but tbe bind Is
pitying that."      [        >
revenue from the S600 head tax which
he collects from Chinamen who are
coming Into the Province to help him
with his "White B. C." policy.
Little Marie was sitting on her
grandfather's knee one day, end, after
lorklng at him Intently tor a time, she
said:   "Grandpa, was you In the ark?"
"Certainly not, my dear," answered
the astonished old gentleman
"Then," continued the little information seeker, "why wasn't you
drowned I"
Aik Your
Look for Ihe
If you want ihe best, wear
Buck Brand Overalls
Fitwell Hats
Wm. J. McMaSter & Sons, Ltd.
1176 Homer Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Wholesale Dry Goods andjlgtnls for Ihe Manufacturers. PAGE TWO
The Royal Bank
of Canada
orooaroaatas ises
faU-«p Oapltal
«otal Assets
0 11,100,000
wa iisow nr-
naaac oa m-
poem nr ova
One Hollar will opsa
opea ths aoooumt, ut
yow buslasw will be
weloems be it large
or small   .
■sat OMs*    •    Taieonver, a.O.
Aathoriase Capital
tllMWUMI   Capital.
wist Vt capital.	
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed In It
» people, and It Is always
Hind willing to extend every
isy ud liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management
Tear us sast very ouetanr
. i,s
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hasting*
and Cambie Sts. _
Broadway West Branch, Or.
Broadway and Ash Sin.    „
Oranvllle St Branch, Hit Qren,
vfflaSlu   _     ,.
Pender St Branch,
anft Carrall Sts.
Cor.  Pender
General Manager.
Assistant General Muster.
I We Say to You
: That there ia nothing' to im-
| paetant to you and your
family, nothing that w closely
affect* your future welfare'
aiid happiness as thrift and!
aaving. They are-tfie parents:
of nearly every Mossing. We-
know it, and by very little'
thought you muat realize it..
for the eafe keeping of your
savings, the aeourity of. a>
Bank that hat been a monument of finanoial strengths
sum the year 1865
Wt receive deposit! of til
end upwards, and pay i%,
interest per annum.
m Hastiflgs St Wet
amp and
See that Ibis Libel i*9ewed
ia the Pocked
H It slandirior all that Union
Libor Stands for.
with the LABEL on it
Cowan & Brookhouse
taker Temple      R'ue ley. MM
Velours and Felts of all colore
CAPS and
185 Hattintft Straet E.
President..- Jas. Campbell
Vice-President-.,. J. W, Wilkinson
Vioe-Preatdent.., - 3. McMillan
Treasurer. — J. H. MoVety
Managing-Editor- li. Parm. Pettlplece
Published weekly by The B. C Feder-
loniflt, Ltd., own-ed jointly by Van-
_juver Tradea and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
whloh la afflliated 16,000 organlied wage-
Issued every Friday morning.
Boom 810, Labor Temple
TeL St*. MM.
Subscription:    $1.00 per year;   ln Vancouver City, 11.26;   to unions subscribing in a body, 76 cento.     ;
'Pnlty of aalmfi the hope of ike world."
™ PAPER, If this number le on lt
your subscription expiree next _____
FRIDAY ..- ....FEBRUARY 28. 1918
Tbe Lord of Creation in nit own
home li a very different body from
what he Is away from it. Out ln tbe
big busy world, he struts this mortal
plane among the other forked radishes, just aa though he were entirely
responsible for himself. Out on the
street, down on the Jot*, er ln his
union meeting, with his lit it swelling
nigh to bunting with altruism whloh
drips from his tongue Just aa eailly as
he forgets it, HH IS IT.
He speaks with glowing pride of
the lot HE! has bought, the house HE
has built, and the family HE has raised, and out of the wealth of his capacity for self-deception finally comes
a belief thlt he hat made him whst be
is. If his type were the exception
Instead of the rule, opposition might
chasten him to reasonable proportions; but his malady Is a male affliction of nearly all his tribe. With
his nicely creased pants, his spotless
linen shining with eloquent testimony
ot trite and waeh-tnb, and his appear-
once of being well looked after, he Is
a beautiful piece of scenery.
So Is the delicate moulding and tracery of a fine building beautiful, but
the secret of Its ability to be so, depend! upon tbe foundation which
holds lt up. The secret and the foundation of tbe average man with all bis
barnyard antics ts not himself, but
Ms wife. In nil heart he knows It and
so do all his kind, but by mutual arrangement to tolerate each other's
bluff, a conspiracy ia established to
hide the idol's feet That's all very
well, and the world peases lt by with
a smile as an integral part of Its dally
"So may tbe outward shows be least
The world Is still deceived by ornament"
But lt la good that the working class
should render to Caesar the thing!
which are Caesar's, and give to their
women folk the credit which In thli
matter la thelr'e by right. The organlted labor movement standi to gain
more by that than by many ot the
things It professes to prise so highly.
What does the wife ot the average
trade unionist know about trade unionism? Let union men answer that
truthfully and ther atand condemned
out of their own mouths. They know
their wives do not understand much
about trade unionism, and the fault Is
not the woman's but the men'!. He
will attend the meeting! of his union
and wax eloquently etnthusliitlc over
problem! concerning hit class Interest
Then when he gets home bis wife
may uk what' he doei at the meetings, and what the men can flnd to
talk about "until thie time of night"
There Is hit chance, but nine timet
out of ten he -will put her off by adopting an air of superiority which li peculiar to hli kind, and he will uy,
"Oh all sorta of things my dear, but
nothing that you would underttand If
I toll you, please get me something
tb eat.1' Ths poor, fool is digging hli
own grave It he only knew It. By and
by t itrlke comet on, his weekly
wtget cease to come In, and tbe family reaouroea have to be administered
with aklll end carefulness—but by
whomT The manT No, no, he Is too.
busy with what he considers ltrger
affairs, and the wife hai to do all the
scheming nnd planning which are the
rules of the worst game on earth-
making two thort endt meet
She doe* not tee why the itrlke it
necessary, because he bee not done Ws
duty by Instructing her In the affairs
of trade unionism. It It til very well
for him to sty thtt it It neceittry ihe
■hould exercise economy and frugality
and providing that women underttand
and value the. object for wheh those
tbngs are. enilured, they are capable
of ten timet the self sacrifice that men
But If Oiey don't know becauii their
:huibandu have? not told thorn, then
-woe betllde the worker tor his negligence. EJven the patience of wlvei and
mothen/ hue Its limit and the best
temper «n earth' Ib likely to break
with ten much etrain. Then comes
nagging* and bickering, and domestic
discord I dividing the bouse of the
-worker against itielf ln the hour of
most nieed. Who shall aay how many
union men have broken their allegiance bo thalr organisations and gone
back to -work as scabs rather thsn en-
-dure' toy longer the complaints of
wives w"uo.w5uld have stood with
them to the last ditch if they had
only I wan taught ln time what trade
unloni wn ttood for?
It should be poslble for the women
folk -ft the wortters to be In the closest t Iuch with !the trade union movement,' It Is not eloquence or enthusiasm, ;nor the magnetic atmosphere
whit jh pervades'the union meetings at
strl' te time which wlm the strike. It
Is Oie bread reserve of the family
wh fch determines the ability of the
worker to i endure the struggle, and
w' ten the time comes to vote for strike
or < no strike, the ballot paper should
!• o put into the apron of the wife,
f er she is - the administrator of the
f jMzlly fasources.
and in that hour, If she understands
■why the -fight Is necessary, and the
great wotting ' class   movement   of
/ 'wlrtoh her husband Is a unit, she can
I ho relied upon to put forth all her re-
■sourcee In the effort to go one more
-•step torwarH, not only In the interests
of Herself ».nd her husband, but for
the sake of* the future of those who
are looking at   her   In   saucer-eyed
amazement as to what the problem
can he thtt Mother Is so thoughtful
Hen, ln ttielr abounding conceit
latter themielvei they underttand the
'underlying cetuset wblch are responsible tor tho Iniquity which makes a
gamble of tine lives and happiness of
women and children; but If ever tbelr
wives gat sts ivlse as men believe
themselves to be—then heaven help
the hapless wretch who ln his folly
would bbjiddr their work of redreii.
It they will but think of It the
earnest people Wbo oppose child labor
will see at once tbat the greatest obstacle in their path Is the fact that
tbere is no likelihood of the supply of
children giving out. It Is only too true
that long Hours in a mill or a canning
factory may start a child worker on
the road to premature death, but It is
alio true that as soon as one child
drops by tbe wayside there li another
and yet another, not necessarily
ready, but forced through necessity, to
take the flrst one's place. It Is not
so with lesser creatures, with lobsters
or with trout, for example, tor trout
and lobsters are good to eat and experience bas taught that strict laws
are necessary, laws rigidly enforced if
the supplies are not to be diminished
by human greed. Young lobsters and
young trout are protected. They are
protected because they tickle the palate, and the top layer of mankind
would consider It a dire calurity if
anything should happen to destroy
them. They are safeguarded by men
who are paid to watch over them, they
aro pampered,- almost petted; In flsh-
hatcherles their surroundings are In
the highest degree sanitary and scientific; their security Is complete; free
ot responsibility and remote from
danger, they are encouraged to grow
up into sturdy, active flshbood; and
all because they are good to eat, and
the supply, with careless or ttupld
handling, might eailly become exhausted. Shall only such young things
as are good to eat be safeguarded
from exploiters? Is there not a
chance that some day the child shall
be as Important and as worth conserving as the trout the lobster, the
terrapin, or the tree? Must we wait
for the supply to show signs of exhaustion before the same care and protection which fish and game now en-
Joy are offered to human beings?
The amalgamation of the three principal unions of railroad workers ln
Oreat Britain has been accomplished
at a conference in London. Tbe object
of the fusion Is to insure co-operation
which has been lacking ln the strikes
called by the men ln the past.
The new organisation Is called the
National Union of Rallwaymen. It
absorbs the Amalgamated Society ot
Railway Servant!, the United Pointsmen's and Signalmen's Union and the
General Railway Workers' Union. The
three societies have a membership of
The executive committee will be invested with drastic authority tor ordering or ending a, strike on terms
whioh it deems satisfactory, without
the taking of a ballot among the men.
Eighteen month! ago the membership ot the Calgary Painters was
something about forty; at the md of-
January this year tbey paid headquarters per capita tax on 202 members. The union has not yet adopted
the all union shop policy, and It Is
strange to see the union men quitting
work at twelve o'clock on Saturday!,
and the non-union men working until
5 p.m. Oreat success Is being mtde
ln organization work and the union
expects that before the end of the year
they will be the strongest Painters'
Union In Western Canada..
Mr. Seebohm Rountree, who Is
great authority on unemployment in
Brfltaln, contributes an interesting article to the London "Evening News"
entitled "600,000 Always Unemployed,"
"The number of unemployed workere
varies from about 330,000 In the best
times to 1,426,000 In tbe worst times,
or, say, an average of between 800,000
and 900,000," says Mr. Rountree. At
York he made a detailed Inquiry regarding unemployment. Although it
was a fine day in the middle of summer, and although trade was rather
above the average, he found 1378 unemployed workers (1139 males, and
139 females) in a population of 82,000.
Suppose this proportion was typical ot
the whole country, that would give a
total of about 700,000 unemployed per
sons. Taking the average of good and
bad yean, the dally total of unemployed persons In Oreat Britain is probably not less than half a million. In
Tork, Mr. Rountree obtained household budget! from some unemployed
families, and he found that the best
fed were only getting two-thirds and
tbe worst fed only one-third of the
food necessary for the maintenance of
physical efficiency.
The officials of the Railway Clerks'
Association ot Oreat Britain announce
that their agitation for Improved conditions for railway clerks and station
masters hai resulted ln further concessions. The Metropolitan and Oreat
Central Joint line have agreed to pay
for Sunday work. The Barry Railway
Company Is bringing into operation a
new scale of salaries running up to
£100 per annum, and tbe general manager of the Oreat Central Railway has
intimated to the staff that the present
maximum of £80 is to be advanced to
£110 by biennial Increments of £10.
In the Yorkshire section of the Oreat
Northern Company clerks are to be
paid full rates for overtime, and as
the result of representations' from the
Ratlyway Clerks' Association the London and North Western Railway Company has paid arrears of overtime due
to clerks In the engineering department The officials of the Midland
Railway have Intimated that careful
Inquiry will be made Into complaints
respecting overtime and night duty,
and that annual holidays will In future be granted within the period from
April to September Inclusive, and the
grade of porter-clerk will gradually be
abolished. The North Staffordshire
Company has also promised to Institute a proper salaries scale In place
ot the unsatisfactory arrangements
hitherto In operation.
On the Oreat Northern and Oreat
Eastern lines, It Is stated, unrest
amongst the clerical staff and station
masters ts Increasing, and deputations
are being formed to press the men's
demands before the directors. At the
Oreat Northern goods department at
King's Cross considerable dissatisfaction exists over the low rates for overtime. Station masters on tbe South
Eastern and Chatham have Just been
granted an Increase of £10 per annum, and tbe Oreat Western Railway
Company has alio put Into operation
a higher scale of remuneration for station masters.
In Oklahoma City-the bookbinders
are on strike In four of the largest
printing establishments. Verbal agreements have been made hy four other
firms, pending the settlement and the
men are still working. The union Is demanding $26 a week for. foremen, (21
for Journeymen and >9 a week for
women. The raise Is $2.60 for foreman, $1.60 for Journeymen, and $1 for
the lady members. The Allied Printing
Trades Council has taken action, removing the union label from tbe struck
Los Angeles, Cal. Feb. 22.—The Executive Council ot the Building Trades
Department, A. F. of li„ convened ln
this city on Monday, February 17. The
general building trades situation of
the*Pacific slope was under consideration previous to the holding of a gen-
eel conference of officials of the Building Trades of California, which was
held on Thursday, February 20.
San Diego, Cal,, Feb. 22.—Organised
labor ot San Diego Is to have a home
of Its own. This seems almost assured
at the outset of the campaign tor a
permanent headquarters. The carpenters of the city have given the movement a wonderful Impetus by a thousand dollar subscription for stook. The
wide-awake union men bave determined that the money paid out each month
ln rent by the various organisations
shall be turned into channels that
will directly assist the organisations
In this city. It Is believed that the
necessary amount of money can be
raised to commence construction ln a
remarkably short time.
Suit special at $ 15
We hold and can maintain by proof of service ae well aa style,
that .men who buy. suite at Spencer's will get a fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
store can give.
Today has arrived a new lot of suits wltb special features that
we have marked to sell at 910.00, Tou will, be surprised at the
smart styles snd smart worthy looking fabrics. Lots of the popular red browns ln tweeds, other tweeds as well ln grey and green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those who want them. .
awatm-tiw ■•wxctam am mw oramaoaiia
These are-coats that no man need be afraid to don, They look
well, the materials are good, they are well made, and not skimped
in any way.
The materials are tweeds in smooth and rough effects.
Two of the best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs ln brown and various subdued two-color effects In
dark tone.    Every coat Is lined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars.- ' .
David Spencer
Tested and improved duriiig many yeara in the world's greatest
skating ground, Canada
STAB Skates, all that a skate oan'be.... 75o to 86.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 75o to $6.00
For Young Hen, Young Ladies, Boys and Misses
i Indianapolis, Feb. 22—At the recent
meeting of the International executive
board of the United Mine Workers of
America, an assessment was levied on
the entire membership of the organisation of 50 cents per member per
month, payable for a period of two
months. This assessment is to provide
for the men engaged in strikes ln West
Virginia, Vancouver, British Columbia,
and Colorado, as well as a few local
strikes that are being financed by the
International organization. The international officers have been given the
authority by the executive board, provided lt Is deemed wise and expedient,
to call out other fields having any relations to the strikes in West Virginia,
and other places, In order thst success
may be attained. Thee United Mine
Workers are pursuing an energetic
campaign of organisation, and propose
to make this the banner year, so far
as new organization work and readjustment of old conditions are concerned. The membership at the present It at the highest point ever attained and It Is confidently expected
that the coming year will show the
membership of the coal miners reaching far beyond the 400,000 mark.
Cards Inserted for $1.00 aMonth
Stoves M5 Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Meets ln annual convention In January. Executive omcera, 1913-14: President, Christian Slverty; vice-presidents,
J. Kavanagh, J. Ferris, A. Watchman, G
A. Burnes, J. W. dray, Jaa. Cuthbertson,
J J, Taylor; sec-treas., V. R. Mldgley,
Box 1044, Vanoouver.
The following demands are being
made by the carpenters ot Calgary
and were recently approved by the
Trades snd Labor Counoll:
Clause 1. Sixty cents per hour shall
be the minimum1 scale, 8-hour day,
time and one-half for overtime, until
10 p.m., double time for all other
overtime and holidays.
Clause 2. Holiday! shall be Dominion Day, July 1st, and Labor Day,
Christmas Day and New Year's Day.
Clause 3. That no laborer will be
permitted to use carpenter's toolB, but
shall work as a laborer only.
Clause 4. That no niember shall
sub-contract or do piece .work at any
Clause 5. That all contractors shall
have a regular fortnightly pay day.
Clause 6. That all contractors shall
pay by dash or certified cheque.
Meots flrat and third Thursdays.
Executive board: H. C. Benson, president: W. Manson, vlce^resident; J. W.
Wilkinson, general secretary. Room 210
Labor Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer;
W- Foxcroft, statistician; J. Sully, ser-
geant-at-anns; F. A. Hoover, V, R.
Mldgley, W. R. Trotter, trustees.
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece. John McMillan Murdock McKensle.    Mi
Vety, Room
naglng director,
ill.   Sev. 1810
J. H.  Mc-
—Meeta second . Monday In month
Preaident, E, Jarman; vice-president.
George Mowat; secretary, A. H. Englari?.
P. O. Box M.
Hardware and Tools
Q A splendid stook of the best in the world'B market.
We make a specialty of supplying every need arod requirements of the artisan in our line,
7 Hutlngi Street West
Phone Seymour 684
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:18 p.m.
President, Chas. Mattlnson: recording
secretary, J. Brookes; financial saoretary,
J. H. McVety.   Say. 1380.
nw wiinmnnii b. o.
Union, Local No. 116. A. F, of It.—
Meeta second Sunday of each month; 140
Robson atreet. President, J. Bowyer;
vlce-prealdent, F. English; secretary, C.
F. Ward; treasurer, D. Evan3.
. Labor Counoll—Meeta every seeond
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., In
Labor Hall. President R. A, Stoney:
flnanolal saoretary, J. B. Chockley: general aeeretary, B. D. Grant, P. O. Box
884. The publlo Is Invited to attend.
penters    and    Jolnera—Room    ?Qt.
2808.    Business agent. J. A. Key:
etary   of   management   comtr
 _„.._...         _jmpb.
Branches meet every Tuesday and wad-
Tee hours, 8 to 8~a.m.""and 4* to 8 n.
Secretary   of _ management   committee.
. "Blessed are the Bold, for they shall
shall possess the Earth. Cursed are
the Weak; for they shall Inherit the
"Blessed are te Bold, for they ahall
be Masters of the world. Cursed are
the Humble, for they shall be trodden
under hoofs.
"Blessed are the Victorious, for victory Is the basis of Right. Cursed are I
the Vanquished, for they shall be Vassals forever.
"Blesed are tbe Audacious, for Beauty shall smile upon them. Curse* are
the Poor In Spirit, for they shall breed
"Blessed are the Valiant, for they
shall obtain great treasures. Cursed
are the Lambs of Ood, for they shall
be bled whiter than snow.
"Blessed are the Wise and Brave ln
battle, for tbey shall win. Cursed Is
he who doeth good to others, for he
shall be despised.
"Blessed" are the Unmerciful, for
their posterity shall own the world.
Cursed are the pitiful, for they shall
receive no pity.
Another appeal ln the.famous Dan-
bury hatters' cue, this'time to the
United States Circuit* Court of Appeals, Is sure, as Judge Martin, of the
United States District Court, who
heard tbe case in Hartford some
months ago, granted a writ ot error
on defendants' appeal. The recent verdict was for the plaintiffs to recover
3350,000 damages from Martin Lawler
and 188 otherB. When the deputy United States marshal tried, a few daya
ago, to collect the Judgment he was
unable to get even a single dollar.
H. McEwen, Room 209, Labor Tempta.
Branches meet ever   "
nesday In Room 801
tloners' Local No. 16-
- Meeta second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:80 p.m, Pres-.
Ident, J. Klnnalrd;
responding secretary,
Rogers, Room 220, Lab*-
Temple:  financial  secretary.  P.  Robin-
second Thureday.'8:80 p. m. Presl
dent, C. Hald; recording secretary.
Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary - business
agent C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 6 to 7 o.m,
Sey. 1776.
flee Room 208 Labor Temple. Meeta
first and third Sundays of each month
at 2.30 p.m. President, Wm. Laurie;
financial secretary, A. MacDonald.
The world's record In ploughing Is
said to have been eclipsed In Indiana,
when three traction engines hitched
to fifty ploughs turned over a stubble field at the rate of an acre every
four minutes and fifteen seconds. Fifty
year; ago In this state a farmer with
his team of oxen tolled from dawn
to sunset tb break an acre of land.
Many times one man was required to
drive the oxen while another held the
clumsy plough, walking more than ten
miles to the acre. The latest plough
represented ln this monster outfit cuts
a strip nearly sixty feet wide and turns
over seven acres every mite It travels,
Some time ago, the Saskatchewan
Legislative Assembly passed an Act to
prevent the employment of white girls
by Oriental!. When the Act came to the
practical teat, the question arose ns
to what waa a white girl, and it wss
put up to the Dominion Government
to sort out the muddle. On Feb. 17,
the following question by Mr. Martin,
of Begins, wai answered In the House
of Common!:
Mr. Martin (Reglna):
1. Were any representations made
by the Government or any member
thereof, by letter or otherwise, to the
Government of the Province ot Saskatchewan, requesting the said Government to amend an Act to prevent
the employment of female labor In certain capacities, being chapter 17 of the
Statutes of Saskatchewan, 1912?
2. If so, what amendments were
suggested by the Government to the
Government of the Province of Sas-
Mr. Coderre:
1. Yes.
2. It was suggested that the Act
should be amended In such manner ai
to remove any discrimination by name
against Japanese or British Indian
Dallas, Tex., Feb. 22.—There has
been a new labor paper established in
tbls olty, ths tnme of wii'.cii Is the
Craftsman. The editor Is W. M. Rellly,
an old-time member of the Typographical union, wbo is, according to
the Fort Worth Union Banner, ■ ***
unionist without any frills or Isms,"
Jamestown, N. Y„ Feb. 21.—A committee representing the local union of
painters, recently ln negotiation with
the Master Painters' Association, has
secured a new trade agreement between the two organisations. Tali
new arrangement provides for a union
shop and a substantial increase In the
minimum wage scale for painters, dec
orators, and paperhangers, to take effect April 1.
Teacher—Haven't you studied your
arithmetic lesson?'
Scholar—No,'m. I didn't have no
time to learn nothing but my grammar
"Look here, now, Harold," said a
father to his little son, who was
naughty, "If you don't say your prayers you won't go to heaven."
"I don't want to go to heaven," sobbed the boy: "I want to go with you
and mother."—NeW Orleant "Tlmei-
Democrat." \
tera and Joiners, Local No. 817.—
Meeta Monday of each week, 8 p. m, Executive committee meets every Friday, &
p.m. .President, A. Richmond; recording
secretary, Arthur Paine, 805 Labor Tem.
ile: flnanclal secretary, O. W. Williams,
:0B Labor Temple; treasurer, L. W. Da.
zlel, 805 Labor Temple.  Phone Bey. 1880.
Meets flrst and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. President, G. Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumpter; financial secretary, D. Scott; treasurer, I. Ty-
:on: business agent, EX R. Still. Phone
Sey. 1614.
Decorator,', Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H. Murry: flnanclal secretary, F. J. Harris,
1688 Robson St.; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 8;
business agent, vv. J. Nagle.	
Branch—Meets seeond Tuesday, 8:00
p.m. Preaident, J Marshall; corresponding aeerstary. Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
financial -aeeretary, K. McKensle.
Employees, Pioneer Division No. Ill
—Meets Labor Temple, aecond and
fourth Wednesdaya at I p.m., and flrat
and third Wednesdaya, 8 p.m. President,
H. Schofleld: recording aeeretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178. City Heights
P.O.; flnanclal aeeretary, Fred A. Hoover,
7409 Clark drive,
al Local 397—Meets every Wednes-
day, 8 p.m;. Room 201, Labor Temple.
President, F. Blumberg; flnanolal secretary, Wm. Byatt Room Sit.	
.and Joiners. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meeta Ashe's hall. Twenty-flrat
and Fraser Ave., flrst and third Thursday of each month, 8 p.m. President,
W. 3. Robertson: vlce-prealdent, 3. W.
Dlckieson: recording secretary, Thon.
Lindsay, Box 36. Cedar Cottage;' flnar-
eial secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; trsasursr.
Robt.  Lindsay;  oonductor, A.  Conahor;
warden, E. Hall,	
WORKERS' International Unlcn,
r.ocal 97—Meets second and fourth l*r1<
lay. Labor Temple. 8 p.m. .Preaident,
r. A. fleoley; aeeretary, A. W, Oakley,
73S Semlln Drive, phone Bey. 689.
—Moots every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Roon:
807. President, Jamas Haslett; corral*-
ponding secretary, W. B. Dagnall, Box
53; flnanolal saoretary, F. R. Brown;
bualneaa agent, W, S. Dagnall, Room
115.   Say, fist.
105—Meets third Tuesday In every
month, in Room 205 Labor Temple.
President, F, J, Milne; vice-president H.
Perry; secretary, George Mowat, 615
Dunlevy avenue.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
or America, Vancouver Lodge No, IM—
MeetM flrat and third Mondays, 8_p.m
President, F. Barclay, 868 Cordova East;
sscretary, A. Fraaer, 1161 Howe Street
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President, Geo, Gerrard; secretary,
Robert J. Craig, Kurt, citar Factors;
treasurer, S. W. Johmon.	
213.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
9 p.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vlce-
prealdent, Geo. B. Moulton; recording
secretary, A. F. Gibson, Labor Temple;
financial secretary, Robt. Robinson;
treasurer, Harold T. Johnson; business
agent H. A. Jones, Room 207, Labor
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No, 1—Meeta 10:80 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 204, Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 482, Vancouver. LOcal sec.-treas., A. T, Oberg,
Box 482, or 1008 Burrard atreet.
621 (Inside Hen)—Meet every Friday - Room 205 8 p.m. President B. 8.
puff; recording secretary, L. R, Salmon;
treasurer and business agent F. L, Eat-
tnghauaen, Room 802.   Bey, 8846.
Meeta ss:ond and fourth Tuesdays
of each montn. President, J. Fox; vice-
president Wm. Thompson; flnanclal aeeretary, wm. Worton; secretary, A. 0.
Hettler, 425 Duflferln street Telephone,
Fairmont 1288,   •
—Meetings held flrat Tuesday In each
month, S. u.m. President, J. T. Ella-
worth; recording and corresponding secretary, W. W. Hooker.. P. O. Box 608;
Inanclal secretary, L. Kakely, P, O. Box
■File layers' and helpers', Local No. 12—Meets flrst and thin)
Wednesdays each month. 6 p.m President, 3. Kavanagh; secretary, E. A. B.
Morrison, 1768 Eleventh Ave. Eaat	
PLUMBERS' and STEAMFITTERS' Local 496—Meets-every aecond and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall,
7:80 p.m. President D. Webster: secretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 961, Nsw
Westminster, B. C.
8101011, Local Union No. lilt—
i every Monday, 1 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
atreet President, M. C. .Bchmendt; sserstary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B, C.
Labor Temple. New Westminster, corner Seventh street and. Royal avenue,
every aecond Sunday of each month, at
1:80 p.m. Preaident P. Paulsen; aeeretary, s. W. Jameaon. Visiting brothers
Western Federation of Miners—
Meeta Sunday evenings, In Union Hall.
Preaident B. A. Hines: secretary-treasurer, M P| Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
_ No. 1888, U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, union Hall, 7 p.m. President Sim Outhrle; secretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladysmlth, B. C.
—Meeta every Sunday In Dlstriot
Office, Vendome Hotel, at 7:80 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording aeeretary,
Nanalmo, B. C.
Meeta laat Sunday eaoh month, 1:10
p.m. Preaident, W.-S. Armstrong; vlce-
presldent, O. W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer. B. h. Neelands, P.O. Box It.
Council—Meeta every flrat and third
Wednesday,   Lsbor Hsll,   711   Johnson
street at I
Victoria. B. o.
p.m.  Preaident, H, J. Sheen;
Christian  Slverti,  Box 101,
penters and Joiners, Vlotoria
Branch. Meeta every Thursday, 8 p.m.
Labor Hall, Johnson Bt, Vlotoria. Business Agent H. J. Sheen. Offloa hours,
8 to 8 a.m.. 1:30 to 2:30, 4:80 to 6:10
p.m. Secretary, A, B. wrench; office
hours, 8:80 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 6:80
p.m.; phone 2616. P. O, Box 770, Victoria. B. C.
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday evening, hi
Mlnen' Union ball. Band and orchestra
open tor engagement Theatre for rent
Preaident, Sam Stevena; secretary, Herbert Varcol, Box 421, Rosalind, B. O.
Union, No. 105, W. F. ot M.—Meeta
every Monday at 7:10 p.m. Praaldant
George Caetefl: aeeretary, Frank Campbell, %x 21, Trail, B. C.
 Of America  rJ&*" !
teertiiHt etwet mix ectimaw l»w .
ASSOCIATION, No. 88 x 62—Meeta
every Friday evening, 188 Water street
Preaident, 0. J. Kelly; secretary, Thos.
Nixon, 188 Water street.
Short Lessons in
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?1
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three tiinei
the amount of light obtained from a oarbon lamp
with the same consumption of current?
Should it not bo advisable for you to seoure this improved form of lighting?
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp oounter olerk to demon-
>   strate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary oarbon lamp.
For the convenience of our customers we
oarry a full line of Tungston'lamps of an
approved type in stook
Carrall and
Hastings Street
1188 Granville St.
near Davie
inn'iftp wmtn m*~m~**w
tm Mimn xmmsu. vm^nomaT
Boxed Silk Hosiery
At their respective prices we believe that the following
lines are as good as the market affords.
AT 7fle A PAIR—Women'sbjoek silk boot hose, with high
spliced heel, double sole and toe. These hsve seamless'
-feet. ;      .
AT $1.00 A PAIR—Women's silk hose with lisle top, with
double heel, sole and toe.  Come in black and white.
AT $1:60 AND $2^00—Onyx silk hose in high grade qualities, in the following shades—pink, sky, champagne,
light and dark grey, purplpe, wisteria, old rose king's
blue gold, tan, white or black. These have.reinforced
heels, double sole, toe and lisle thread top.
(Knrbnn Brgai-afc, Ctartfri.
575 GrmtUlk Street      Vancouoer, & C-
During January
We will hold our regular tale. This will be out seventh
Jinuiry tile, ind as before we will Uy and clear out |U
Fall and Winter Goods
Our prices will enable you to save enough on an outfit
to stilt a bank account. Hoping lo see you sometime
during the month, and wishing you a Happy New Year
___ CHAMBERS ~~~
Between Abbott aad Oamdfc
SAsnaras st. wmt
February House-Furnishing Sale Now In Progress
200 Brussels Squares at
FromlO to331-3p.c.
Off Regular
The value of our Bncsels
Squares ia lulmltted, for ttet-vh-e,
tU'-lgn and coloring, at regular
prices, but when we hitch tliem
to these little February sale prices
they should move tn a hurry, if
ytui can line a BnwseU Square
don't mlsa seeing thesp:
Hlxe 4.6x 9x6, nale price... U.7S
Hike 6.9x 9.0, aale price...111,50
SIxe 9.0x 9.0, sale price....il5.95
SIxe 9,0x10.6, aale prlca....M7.M
SIxe 9.0x12.0, able puce...J19.7B
SIxe 11,3x13.0, aale price... 123.50
SIxe 11.8x13.6, mile prlre....|85.BO
. —Fourth lloor
125 Axminster #1 QQ
Hearth   Rugsfl-Ou
Woven of beat quality yarna,
with deep pile and firm back, nice
patterns. Will do nicely In any
room. SIxe 27x64 tnchea. Regular   12.60- value.     February   aale
price .* .91.3* .
—Fourth floor
English Wilton Carpets Regular2.00*- ifl
sewn and laid yd. #1.48
Tlil-t offering Includes ten very
artistic and useful patterns for
living and dining room, in.liberal
quantities Some have borders to
match.   Regular $2.00,    February
sate price, per yard H.4I
—Fourth floor
Ten "Fed" Sub. Cards for $7.50
Two-pieoe overalleuitMpeoially
suitable for boys taking a course
of manual training. Sizes 26 to
D,!,„ nw en  „.,., „:»_ ei-s an 34- Made of atout blaok denim,
PftCe Per SUlt, any SIZC $180 cut full and strongly put together.
809-815 Hastings
Strert West
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
602 Hastings Street West
<J Operates by die latest, most scientific end piinless methods
Specialist  in  Crown, Bridge, Plate and Gold Inlay Work
Hours 9 a.rn. to 6 p.m.
Translantic Steamship
To and From Europe via. All Lines
at Lowest Rates
City Ticket Agent
434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land (or at least
two yean; improvements to the extent oi $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
yean, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual initabnenti of $40, with interest at 6%
s,    For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial information, Victoria
The following letter written from
Victoria, Australia, contain! Information tor those who contemplate exchanging salubrious B. C. for the
former country, aad It alio throws
light upon 'the land queitlon of
Australia. , '
Dear Sir: . I am leaving Victoria
today after two years' experience. I
am not an "assisted" Immigrant I
came here with my family two yean
ago; it wai represented to me by the
agents and: travelling lecturers of the
Government that there was good/land
available and my family could get
work at good wagei.
Both these statements were falie.
The land offered li, I have, found, the
worn-out and useless land bought by
the Government from people who. have
had sufficient political Influence to get
the Government to buy back at fancy
prices wbat waa practically given to
them, or sold at a few shillings per
aore and for whloh the Government
paid back as many pounds, and Is now
trying to cram down the throats of
new-comers at a big. proflt to pay for
the fat billet* of the Board. That le
the truth about your, oloier settlement schemei.
If a imall farmer with a little money wants to buy or rent a farm he
flndi matten juit ai bid or worn.-
There are about 11,000 fanni on the
market in Melbourne, and nearly all
of theae aro worked out places on
which the owners cannot now make a
living or the mortgagee cannot raise
the lntereat Juit because the owners
have robbed the land of Its fertility
and been too mean to pay for labor
to properly work the land, The dairy
farms In Glppsland which has been
used for dairying for yean aro now
not worth their original Value of. 20c.
an acre for the freehold, end they cannot be cultivated because so many of
them are mountainous or broken. Valuable forests have been destroyed only
to let the land-grabber make all. he
could out of the virgin lands and then
let the mortgagee Or banki have what
they eould get: out of the leaving!.
Many of them: are only worth enough
to pay 6 per cent on the mortgage!,
and a lot of them are not worth-that
They are like the man who wrote to
the "Argus" that he.had been on the
land for 38 years (robbing It all the
time, I suppose), and now had so
much to pay on hli mortgage that he
could not afford to give a decent wage
to his farm laborers.
The representations that my family
could get work at good wages were
more misleading than the representations about the land. Farm laborers
cannot earn a wage In Victoria equal
to that given ln the poorest parts ot
England, with far better comforts and
accommodation. The farmers here
want to treat their men like they do
tbelr farms, rob and starve them. Boys
wishing to gain colonial, experience
cannot do so without they choose to
work for nothing and sleep ln the stable or cow-shed. My younger son
would have been glad to find a plaoe
with a respectable farmer even tor his
food and clothes. But these men think
anything good enough for the boy. The.
conditions ot life on dairy farms in
Victoria are the wont to be tound In
tbe world. The mortgagee geta all
the money, or the farmer hoards It up
and hla family slave to make more.
To see the work done by little children
and young girls on some of these
farms is enough to make any honest-
minded man blush with shame. The
cry Ib that the land Ib poor and lt
won't pay to employ labor. This may
be true, but who Is to blame? The
man who have robbed the land of its
fertility and taken out ot it all lt
would yield year after year without
putting a shlllingsworth of fertiliser
back on to it. That Ib the truth
about tne farms and tarmen of Victoria and I hope that you will have
every success with your meeting and
put an end to the misrepresentations
that are,made to Intending emigrants,
It Is criminal the way In which farmers and farm laboren are being misled, and I feel sure that the same Is
true about other branches of industry,
if the Government is allowed to go on
as It Is now doing there will have to
be workhouses In Melbourne tor those
who come out to Australia expecting
to earn a living, only to flnd that there
are plenty of worken here already and
many good ones out of work. Put In
a Government which will stop the farmers robbing the soil any longer, or
you will soon have Australia a barren
sheep-run,, again carrying one sheep
to one hundred acres. J. D.
That girls under 16 are standing
more than ten hours a day at work
tbat Ib heavy for men, ln the plant of
the Oliver Stel company, Pittsburg,
Pa., Is disclosed In a recent Investigation by tbe National Child Labor committee.
Tbe Oliver Steel company Is owned
and controlled by David B, Oliver, the
president of the Pittsburg Board of
Education, who gave up the chair at a
recent meeting of the board In order
that he might go on record as opposing Improved child labor legislation in
Girls of all ages were operating rapid machinery that puts threads in nuts
and turning out 10,000 to 16,000 nuts
a day. For tbls they were paid from
fi cents a thousand to 9 cents a thousand, according to tbe slse of the nuts,
but the wages were so adjusted that a
rapid worker would earn about 75
cents a day.
In the more difficult work of putting
threads on bolts, they were paid 12
cents or more per thousand, but the
smaller daily output kept the dally
earnings down, bo that one strong girl
earned about 84 cents.
' Each girl tends to two or three machines, moving rapidly from one to
another, taking out the finished bolt,
putting In the rough bolt, pulling for
ward the part of the machine which
holds the bolt so that the thread shall
be cut, and all so quickly that It was
difficult to follow the motions she
The arms and clothing of the girls
were covered with the solution that
noun over the bolts as they are being
ground. On cold winter mornings this
cracks their hands, and getting Into
the cracks In the flesh, causes such
pain that the girls cry at their work.
The smallest girls were tying up
the bolts with nuts on them In packages of 24, work at that requires no
skill, but makes them stand constantly and. lift heavy packages.
In general, the conditions of such
work are so severe that the National
Child Labor Committee says lt Is urgently necessary, as the least possible
demand of common humanity to prohibit the employment In founderles of
all boys under 16 yean and of all girls
under 21.       - \
-sou, te— train (18M-1878), famous
English economist and philosopher. Ont
of the most eminent representatives of
"empiricism," I.e.. of research based on
observation. In his "System of Logic,"
he has admirably developed the' theory
of the Inductive method. Author of
"Principles of Political Economy," "Essay on Liberty," and "Representative
Government." *■■
Koteaokott, Jaooa (1I22.18M), a materialist physiologist of Dutch origin.
Wrote, In German, many works to popularise materialistic philosophy: one of
them, "The Cycle of UUr (KrelilaUf
des Lebena"), had a wide renown. ■. -
i Owen, aotert ttm-1868), with Fourier and Saint-Simon one of the three
Croat founders of .modern Socialism—
especially .of associated Trade Unionism
and federated co-operation. Exercised a
deep Influence upon hla contemporaries
ln England, both among the working
men and the Intellectuals, Inspiring both
with higher Ideals of equality, freedom,
and.Justice. .The severe persecutions
which wert begun against his followers
In 1881, after he had started the great
Union of all trades^-whlch was Intended
to combine the workers of all the civilised countries, .and waa. thus a precursor
of the international Working Men's Association—compelled Owen and his aa-
soelates to limit thttr activities to peaceful co-operation and moderate Trade-
Unionism. Mis principal worka were:
"Outline of a Rational Bystem." "The
Eook of thi New Moral World," and
'.'Revolution in the Mind and Practice of
the Human Race-;, but he Issued count-
leas smaller writings and papers, and
created quite a school of Enellsh Soolal-
lats, unfortunately forgotten now.
drove, William aeeert (1811-18(1), an
English physicist: wrote In 184! a moat
remarkable memoir, 'and In 1181 a book,
on the unity of the physical forces, ln
which he proved thst sound, heat, light,
electricity, magnetism, and chemical action are not separate "substances" or
"entitles," as they had been described
till then, but are merely different forms
of vibrations of the molecules of. which
all physical bodies are made up. All
theae different forms ot vibrations (formerly called forcea) can be transformed
Into one another; and all of them are
but different modes of mechanical movement. A mechanical mass-movement,
auch as -the fall of a hammer on the anvil, or the rotation of the wheels of a
train when a brake Is applied, can produce all these modeB of. movement:
sound, heat, light, electricity, and magnetism. And vice veraa, all these kinds
of molecular movement—sound, heat,
light, electricity, magnetism and chemical action—can be transformed Into one
another (heat—Into light, or electricity,
etc.), or Into mass-movements of physical bodies, as we see tn our steam engines and electric railways. Grove also
had the courage to ask the question
.whether universal aravltatlon la not a
mete resultant of all those molecular vibrations going on all over the universe.
gaeoMas, or Jaeablaiata, name given
to the members of a club, consisting of
middle-class. Radlcale, which played a
prominent part In the Great French' Revolution of 1789-1784. It contained In
Its mtdat most of the prominent Republican revoluttsosts, and' was very muoh
under the Influence of Robespierre. It
courageously fought against the royal
power; but after that fell, lt also struggled against the Club of the Cordeliers,
to which belonged Denton, Hebert, and
the most Influential members of the
Commune of Parla. During the period
of the Terror,' the Jacobin Club became
k sort, of Grand Jury of accusation. After the fall of Robespierre and hla party
In July, 1784, It waa closed. The word
".Tacoblnlst" Is now used to describe the
advocates of a powerful, contrallsed revolutionary Government.
Joule, James Freacott (1818-1889).
English physicist; determined the mechanical equivalent of heat.
Sent, tnuuuuel (1724-1804), German
philosopher, whose philanthropy exercised the deepest Influence In the nineteenth century. In his earlier works he
devoted himself chiefly to natural science, and almtst at the same time ai.
Laplace ' he formulated a hypothesis,
quite similar to that of Laplace, of the
origin of our solar Bystem from a cool-
In* mass of Incandescent gases. His
principal work, however, waa his "Critique of Pure Reason." Thore are, according to him, two different worlds:
(1) the world of physical phenomena,
which we enn know In space and time,
but which. In accordance with his philosophy of critical, transcendental Ideal-
Ism, are mere phenomena having - no
reality In themselves; and (2) the world
of Inborn Ideas, "the things In themselves" (Dlnge an slch), Which we can
know In time, but not In space. The
entnma of a world ot "things In themselves" existing behind the phenomena,
he tried to solve through the moral philosophy ("Critique of Practical Reason").
In this second great work -he endeavored
to  prove  that   Reason   possesses    the
firoperty of dictating to Itself its own
awe, and that it la the duty of the
moral man to follow these prescriptions
of his reason—"the categorical Imperative." Upon the idea of the moral conscience he based the Ideas of Ood, Immortality, and Liberty. In his philosophy, of Law he developed the Idea thai
an absolute reaped for moral liberty
had to be the foundation of all society
and State-life, and In the realisation of
this Ideal of liberty he saw the future
aim of all historical development
■ostomaroff, Wcholas (1817-188!),. a
brilliant Russian historian, the founder
nf the Federalist school In the study of
Russian history.
Lamarck, Jeaa Baptists (1744-1881).
French naturalist. He made an attempt
at giving a complete classification of
both the animals and plants. Having
constructed a complete system, which
was based on the variability of the animal and vegetable species ("Philosophic
Znnlonlque"), he must be considered aa
the chief forerunner of Darwin. He explained the variation of organisms by
their capacity to accommodate themselves to their surroundings, as also by
their use or disuse of Ihelr different or-
<?nn«—nn Idea which -was bitterly com-
batted hy Cuvler.
Lavoisier, Aattlas (1743-1714). great
French founder of chemistry. Waa the
flrst to decompose water Into Its component elements, oxygen and hydrogen.
Studied the theory of burning, of heat,
and of fermentation. Was the flrst to
prove the Indestructibility of matter by
experiment. Chief work: "Tralte ale'-
mentalre de Chlmle" (1789).
Lewes, Oeorge Bnry 08i?."-'
Enellsh physiologist and philosopher,
who treated tho problems of mind on s
physloloelcal basis, and waa possessed
or an Rdmlrnhle gift for popular exposition of scientific matter. Chief worka:
"Problems of Lire nnd Mind" (which
Includes a volume given to "The Physical Basis of Mind"). "History of Phllo-
Hophv," and "Physiology of Common
Llttre Maximilian Smile (1801-1881).
French philosopher and philologist. Was
a warm follower of Auguate ComteV
Positive philosophy, and did muoh to
popularise It. Complied tho great monumental dlstionnry of tho French language.
Lomonosoff, Mikhail (1711-1788), Rub-
alon writer of most varied branehsa.
Author of odqs, a Russian grammar,
works of hlstry. and several Important
works on phyalca, mineralogy, chemistry, and physical geography. In one of
these last (on the Arctic regions) he expressed very definitely the mechanical
theory of heat.
Maine, Meary (1822-1888). English
.student of common law, ancient and
modern, and the author of a remarkable
work on the early village community.
Chief works: "Village Communities In
the East and West," and "Lectures on
the Early History of Institutions."
Man, Can (1818-1888), founder of
the Social Democratic school of Socialism. Having left Gerfmany as a political refugee, settled flrat In Paris, whsre
he published, with Ruge, a Radical paper In German. Expelled from France
ln 1844. and from Belgium In 1848, he
.settled In London, where he was. In 1884.
one of tho chief founders of the International Working Men's Association, and
Ihe Intellectual leader of the General
Council of tho Association. Chief Works:
"The Ml-ery of Philosophy" (1847)—a
reply to Proudti'on's "Philosophy of Misery" ("Economical Contradictions");
"Communist Manifesto" (1848), (about
Its origin, see W. TchcrkosnfTs "Pages
of SoclnINt History." 1898. and Professor Andler's "Historical Introduction" to
It. In French, 1901); and especially his
principal work. "Capital," of which the
first (chief) volume appeared In 1887,
containing a remarkable analysis of the
genesis of capital, and became the foundation nf the economical Ideas of Social
nomocracy. Two more volumes of
"Canltal"—lli'o 'ast being a post-humous
wrok—appeared later on.
Maurer. Oeonr LUwtr (1798-1878). I
German historian, who haa put on a scientific basis the study of the old village
community. Chief work: "Elnleltung
sur Oeachlchte der Mark-, Hot-, Dorf-
fund Stadt-Verfassunar."
TO Editor a C. Federatlontat:—
Maybe reader, your eyee failed to
least upon tbe gem trom Swlnbourne,
which was placed In the limelight ot
a recent front page. If you mined it,
look up your back numben. If poetry
passed without a protest In one number, maybe a note upon a poet who
his "just gene to hli long home, can
lind a corner in the columns of the
coming number,
Joaqulm Miller Is dead, Miy evergreen! iprtng from hli grove tor he
hai left behind him. some verse that
•bowed when a deed wai done tor
freedom he could enihrlne that ume
deed In Imperishable song. Whin So-
phle Feroyoikaya Mew the Russian
Oiar Into eternity, the press of Bur-
ope shrieked with sycophantic horror
against the young girl who staggered
the world with her defiant deed. But
Joaquin Miller wove a garland of
vine about tke head of that high-born
maid; who stepped down from ner
estate to teaou the peasant and the
dark-eyed Tartar, to rlie up ud be
ii men—godlike ud free.' The sufferings of the Siberian exiln go burned
Into her soul that she did the deed
whloh hai written her name in letters
of gold on tbe roll of honor el the mar-
tyn for the cause of the down-trodden
ud the distnhsrited, the wide-world
over. And the daring lines of Ulnar's
poem show dearly how he viewed tke
paailng of Alexander.
"A storm bunt forth! From out
the storm,''
■Tbe dear red lightning leapt,
And lo! a prostrate royal form.
And Alexander slept.
And did a woman do thli deed!
Then build her scaffold Ugh
.  That all hug on  her  tonhead
The martyr's right to die.
The Csar is dead, the
About her neck a cord.
In Ood'i houie rests hli royal
Her'i In a plane abhorred.
Tet I had rather have her bed
Than thine moit royal lord.
Yea rather he that woman dead."
The press of thli Dominion hai
poured out praises to the dead "Poet
of the Bierrai,'' but how many bid
their readen remember that Joaquin
Miller sung a requiem to honor of
Louis Hell, or that he waa a poet of
revolt? Few if any have depleted thli
■Ide of Miller. Blessed Is the mu
thit expecteth little illumination from
a press that panden to vested Interest—for he usually geta but little ud
that little he hai to search tor.
I have. recently had much joy in
reading the report of a lecture delivered' by a Dr. F. B. Vrooman. Dr.
Vrooman haa heen heralded far and
wide aa a mu with a mastery ot hli
subject, "A Oreit City." It I could call
myself "Doctor," before I would Juggle io with figure!, ud deliver inch
a bombastic high-sounding euloglum as
our Oxford don, I would beg leave of
housewives to saw wood ln exchuge
for food, ud would seek the cold
shelter of box can when the stars
were shining, "Vancouver a Great
City,'' "A World Metropolis," Is the
theme of land sharks ud Ignorant people.
What makes a great city? While the
virus of verse te Upon me let me
quote "the good grey poet," Walt
"A great city li that whloh hai
the greateat men and women.
If lt be a few ragged huts tt is
■Ull the groateit city In the
The place where  a  great city
-     stands   la not  tbe  place of
stretched wharves,
Nor the place   ot the ceaseless
•■lutes of neweomen, nor the
anchor Ilften of the departing,
Nor the plaoe of the tallest ud
costliest  buildings,  nor  the
place where money   Is plen-
Nor the plaoe of the moat numeroue population.
"Where tbe dty etude with the
brawniest breeds  of  oratoro
and hards,
Where the olty standi whieh li
beloved by theee, ud   lovea
them  in return ud understands them,
Where no monuments   exist to
heroes, hut ln   the   common
words and deeds,
Where the slave ceises ud the
muter of slave* ceMea."
And In inch like attain sings the
great nature poet until he doses his
hymn to the Ideal with—
"There the great dty standi."
I commend Walt Whitman to Dr.
F. B, Vrooman, and with commendation dole. I dire not give my name
lest your readen seek me out to slay
me for my inconsequential meander
I tigs.
From time Immemorial lt has been
customary In the cigar making Industry for cigar maken to make cigars
for their own consumption and without the application of the Internal
revenue tax. This ouBtom, however,
by u Interpretation of the law some
months ago, was overturned when the
law was Interpreted' that these "smokers," as they are called, should be
taxed. The overturning of this custom, long established, wu not taken
kindly to by the cigar makers and an
amendment to the Internal revenue
laws waa Introduced ln the House and
passed and then went to the Senate.
On February 3 without change, the
Senate passed the amendment, and lt
npw goes to the President for hla signature, which will undoubtedly be attached. The amendment provides
"that each employe of a manufacturer
of olgan shall be permitted to uie tor
personal consumption and for experimental purposes, not to exceed 21 cigars per week, without the manufacturer of cigars being required to pack
the same In boxes or to stamp or pay
any Internal revsnue lax thereon, such
exemption to be allowed under such
rules and regulations aa the Secretary
of the Treasury may prescribe."
London, Feb, I..—The government
has declared Itl Intention ot pliclng
Hi printing orden only with iuch
Arms that employ their workmen eight
houn per diy. Following thli the London County Council decided to have
lta work done where the maximum
weekly work time la fifty houn,
i L*ar» o*<
Mr. Burke, who la conducting the aale'of Stationery aat Vaaeg OsisV
jets to clear out these lines by;;-'f       —
Our Hardware' Department u
this date.
„      j already noted aa the.Meal
Hardware Store of Vancouver. .
Why cap we do It?   Because we sell for 0ag*gi
While Mr. Burke Is closing out the other Departments we an puttlag
on sale a big line of Hardware at "Below Coat*" Frloeo, auoh n:—
Our Chain Steel Range, which la so wall known,and made er eae at
the oldest Canadian manufacturers and built with large flues tet soft esaL
14-lnch, with high closet and over thermometer, reg. 141.11; now_MI.lt
18-Inch, with high c.oset and oven thermometer, reg. I4I.M; aew—MT.H
18-Inch, with polished top high closet and oven MnnesMter, -tam\_   .
OtO.OOj now   —'.—~.~_™(IM»
Carpenten' Aprons,   with'   seven
.pockets, legs or straps In brown
or white duck, rag. 11.71;
now :...*.....,.... tie'
t In 1 Shoe Polish. 1 tlns..„„llc
Smoky City Will P«psr Cleaner,
< per tin „......_...—..-....'......tso'
Verlbrlte Furniture Veneer,
Verlbrlte Furniture Veneer, Ian
Furniture Vanser,   reg.
slse. reg. lie, now. ___.ll
Aluminum Cups, <
Aluminum Toothpick Holders,
Aluminum Strainers, sack—.11*
Aluminum Tie Bans, sash     lie ,
new all one prioen,.,.,,,„,l,JB,H
Phone Seymour 3472-3473
Shoae toss Sax-vie*
Shou tor Drm
•h*M to* CoastoM
Shoat tor IvetT at—legit
We've pioked winner* in Men'e Fall Shoe*. We're at the lervie*
of every man who deeirea-the Jaeet shoe* hi* money oan buy.
Opposite the CSty H4
Nstmad ■!-••* Art, Trtt*imom*hr '
Mad* tn Mon-Valem riitifiei
no matter what lta name, aalea* it bean a
plain and readable Impreaatao of thli Stamp.
All aheie without the Unioo Stamp ere ,
alwajri Non-Union.
Boot eft Shea WerKara* UbIob
M6 Snramir 8treet Boston, If see.
J. F. Tobin, Pre*.    C. L. Balni, OK.-Tnai
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
Magazines and Labor Temple Post Cards on Sale
Get Your Money's Worth
•"■■     u0*-v*-W'
IK 13  C. (H^lC
Patronize Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
is the choice of critical peopler The secret of ib great sale is ia it* flavot—
the result of the careful ptoceu by which CASCADE it made. W* can't
describe tha CASCADE Divot in word*—you mint lute it to fuBy appreciate it It will cat little to try it. Oide. a cue boa yev dealer today.
Vancouver Breweries, Limited


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