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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 6, 1913

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THE BRITISH
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH. •
FIFTH YEAR.    No. IM.*
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER T1UDB8'AND LABOR COUNCIL AND R 0. FEMBIATION OF L*BOR.
VANCOUVER, B 0. FRIDAY, JUNE6,id^.
mST-HAND STORY OF VANCOUVER ISLAND MINERS'MRlm
Pi ije of Unwilling Sbil$r$ and ihe
f.
k
Coal Companies'Famous
"Agreement''
Miners Are Members
By Choice in
U.M.W.
By W. R TROTTER
SINCE the First of Msy the
strike of eoal miners hss been
complete throughout the whole
of Vancouver Island, although
the present centre of interest
Is at Nanalmo. This city is only two
hours' Journey by modern steamship,
yet very few facts concerning the
present Industrial upheaval have
reached the public on the mainland,
The miners emphatically claim that
what little news hss so far appeared
bu been distorted snd blessed and
thst the story of the mlnen has never
yet been told In the dally press.
The drst open breach wis In .the
fell of lsst year whan the miners employed hy' the Canadian Collieries
Compsny st Cumberland "took a boll-
day" on September 16, as protest
against ths dismissal of two members
of a "gas committee"'snd alleged dts-
crlmlnstlon against these men so thst
they could not agsin obtain employment in the district, notwithstanding
the fact thst their report was endorsed
hy the findings of the government Inspector.
Inasmuch ss their safety depended
upon thorough inspection snd correct
reports, snd it appeared to the miners
that the presentation of correct reports meant dlsmlsssl, snd besides
the question of wrongful dlsmlsssl
there was the further possibility of
future committees being successfully
Intimidated, to the Jeopardy ot the
lives of sll In the mine, a stsnd wss
taken against such action.
They at that time felt sure that
their protest, which was simply a
demand for the proper administration
of the Coal Mines Regulation Act,
would be considered, but the government hss turned a deaf ear to every
entresty and appeal ln thla matter,
slthough. representations have heen
made from various' quarters in the
province,
Leeksd Out st Cmnberlsnd
Immediately upon the "holiday of
protest", being declared, the owner*
posted a notice that tools were to be
_________#m___*J*
de«8ftlir-*=lihU!tIcaBy '*" declaring
lock-out. Following this aotion the
Ladysmlth miners two dsys later
(September 18), quit working tor the
Canadian Collieries Company as a protest against the treatment of the Cumberland men.
For seven months this condition of
things has continued, while the Nanalmo snd South Wellington men hsve
remained at work for the other three
compsnles operating In the district.
Because these men have remained at
work It has .been assumed In some
quarters all was serene at Nanalmo
camp. Ths fscts prove the very opposite, however, and the mine owners
at Nsnslmo hsve known for years
thst there wss a seething discontent
among the men In their employ.
Working conditions there, ss Indeed
at all of tho nttier mines on the Island;
were anything but saiisfactorv to the
miners. Various attempts have been
made to organise, and unions of different klncs hsve existed from time
to time, only to recognise their futility
snd weakness whenever any real attempt to" better their conditions was.
attempted, The discrimination which
followed sny attempt to organise effectively always prevented the wholehearted support which the miners
would like to have given but feared
the consequences of—In short the owners successfully prevented thorough
organisation.
Nevertheless st Nanalmo there were
some 400 miners in the union, but being so far In the minority the employers felt confident of their power to
continue to Impose the presani. conditions snd terms of employment upon
tbe miners, tho number employed by
the three companies being in the neigh
bwhcod of 2160.
The Fsmous "Agresmsnt"
- Much capital has been msde out of
the existence of what baa been called
an agreement at Nanalmo. It is even
claimed that some compact has been
broken hy ths striking miners.   This
OLD COUNTRY MINERS
REFUSE TO SCAB WHEN
CONDITIONS ARE KNOWN
Fifty idle, coat miners are in "
Vancouver,-having been brought
all the way from England to work
on Vancouver island. These men
were hired in the old country for
the Canadian.Collieries Company,
. and were given the positive impression that there was no trouble
on the island. The Company bad
a spec's] boat at Harrison Milts',
for the purpose of taking the msn
direct to the* Island In brier to
avoid Union officials 'at Vsncouver.
Mr. Pstterson, of the United Mine
workers, however, got on the
train st Revelstoke, which Id s
trifle further up the line, and'explained matters to the mlnei*,
They, to a man, promptly decided
to come through to Vancouver and
answer tbe mine ownen' trickery*.
by not going to work.
Rigg on the Job st tho 'Fog
Sixty miners from Cumberland, England, passed through Winnipeg Monday night bound for Vsncouver Island,
where they sire being transported for*
the purpose of working In the Vancouver Island cosl mines. They were
engaged In England for this purpose.
While ln Winnipeg they were Informed
thsl there is a coal mlnen' strike now
on in the Vancouver Island mines, and
said it was the first Intimation they
had received of- such conditions. On
lesrnlng the fact one and all declared
they would not work In the mines
against the union men, being unionists
themselveB. The Information was conveyed to tbem by Business Agent Rigg
of Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council, who met the train on Its srrlvsl.
The men said they had heen engaged
'- England to work   on   Vancouver
IS Tol.ua>of tto ly, of — m— Is to
ssavA'SKftar^-"-
Island, and that they had been given
no infor. jatlon that there waa a strike
In progress.
KNOCKING AND BOOSTINO
"When a union elects a member to an official position lt doss
so not to make him a target for
censure and abuse, but tbat he
may be a center around which
members shall gathsr to make
effective the work of the organisation. This Is a lesson that has
not taken bard enough hold on
the minds of union memben.
There Is a peculiar perversity
possessing many union people
that makes tbem knock the men
they have elected to offlce. They
seem to have an Idea that because they have elected a
brother to offlce they have a
right to dog him to their hearts'
content. They treat him very
much the same way that Indians
used to treat their squaws, only
worae. The Indian made the
squaw do all the work, but she
did not bave much to say, while
the union man has a good desl
to say and piles all the work of
the organisation on the shoulders ot the offlcen and heaps
abuse on his head. If the union
members who sre guilty of this
folly would have as much to say
ln the way of boosting as they
have ln the way of knocking,
how assy would be the work ot
offlcen and bow successful tbe
organisation,"
Is entirely untrue. The schedule of
Wsges snd working conditions under
which the miners have been employed
UP till May or this yesr wss drawn
up ss long ago as 190? by the management of the Western Fuel Company.
°M. of !ti,.*res!«iaw.«was for s
committee of five to fepreserit the
employees on sny grievance or difference with the compsny, places on this
committee to be ballotted for. No
such ballot has taken place since Ml
although only one of the original committee is now In the dlstriot. The
reason is that tbe men have felt the
uselesaness of any such action.
No discussion of working terms or
wages was ever admissible. When
changes In the schedule wen proposed by any of the five representatives, the manager informed them
that these were the working conditions—"take them or leave them."
The lsst time signatures were required only three of the Ave men could
be prevailed upon to'slgn the schedule
and Its provisions have never been
accepted by the men as satisfactory.
The two committeemen who refused
to sign the agreement had ultimately
to leave the district. Others who did
sign gsve as their reason that ln their
unorganised Btate and without funds
they could not hope to put up an effective fight.
The Nanaimo company since the
strike at Cumberland, recognising the
weakness ot their position hsve requested every newcomer to Individually sign the schedule before starting
work. It should bs clearly understood,
however, that there Is no sgreement
with sny organisation tn axlstence
and that what bas been celled an
agreement Is a schedule of working
conditions and wages which the miners sre compelled to accept or.'seek
work elsewhere.
There la nothing binding tbe mlnen
to continue working a day longer than
they went to, or to compel sn organisation to supply men at the'stated
rates sb would be the case were sn
agreement to be made with a responsible organisation such ss the United
Mine Workers.
Let It be further understood thst
the minen through their respcnslbls
offlcen hsve sought a conference with
the whole of the mine owners on ths
Island and failed to obtain one, al'
though repeated attempts have heen
made with a view to arriving at a
satisfactory agreement. Tbe position
of the coal owners hss been one of
unrelenting hostility to sny and every
form of organisation among their employees and this attitude continues.
It wss evident to the mlnen that
a stand would have to be made some
time and May 1 was chosen ss the
date. The minen of Nanaimo bad
already arranged a holiday for that
day, and on leaving the mines on
April SO, every man was presented
with the notice that gave the Infor
matlon that the time for making s
united stand had arrived, and that
work would cease from that date till
auch time as a satisfactory agreement
had been reached between the coal
owners and the men's organisation.
No further evidence of the Nanalmo
men's feeling on the question should
be necessary than the fact that on
May 2 over TOO men Joined the already
enrolled 400 and on May 3 every man
of the South Wellington mine to the
number of 210 Joined the 90 members
already enrolled' there, making a
South Wellington membership of SOD.
In the next few days another 400
was steadily added to the union and
the position today In Nanalmo and
South Wellington Is that out of a total
of 21l>0 men affected 1800 of these are
memben of the United Mine Workers.
Of the remaining 950. divided between tbe Western Fuel Comnanv and
the Vancouver and Nanalmo Coal Comnanv. about 50 per cent are not entitled to become members of the union,
and the mlnen claim tbat the othen
are a negligible quantity, chiefly men
BIG C. P. R. FEDERATED SHOP
TRADES SECURE 10 PER CENT.
INCREASE FOR MOO UNIONISTS
Ten thousand C, P. R. employees,
covering the Esstern division, are to
receive a 10 per cent increase, commencing Monday next
As a result of ths negotiations
which have been In progress tor the
past two weeks between the thirty-live
delegates of the Federated Shop
Trades and the offlclsls of ths C, P. R.
arrangements have. been arrived st
whereby all the employees of ths mechanical snd car departments employed on the eastern lines wtll receive increases amounting to about 10
per cent over their present rate bt
pay. Time and a half will also be
allowed tor all overtime and legal
holidays and other concessions for the
benefit of the employees hsve been
granted.
The men effected by the changes
are Machinists, Boilermakers, Blacksmiths, Brass-worken, Button, Sheet
Metal Worken Stesmfltters, Plumbers,
General Car Builders snd Carmen, employed In the running department etc.,
approximately 9500 men in the shops
from Port Arthur to St. John, N. B.
The agreement coven one year.
WAGE CUUttJoKED FOR
■Y SDM0NTQ4 TRADE* AND
LABOR COUHCll. LAST WEEK
"The eontrjwtofshall pay to his
employees itfeKpl work dens by
him In peefsraataoo of such con-
tract, tht aoalraf wsges thst shall
from year to torn, bs flxsd by the
union or unions governing ths rt-
work In respect
**** Is psld, snd
employees te
'Mr ef hours
unions its s
same shall bs
speetlve classes 4
ef whieh aueb
shall require te
wertt only tho*:
rssognltsd by i
worirtiwday, MM— —
by thtni from 'tm to ysar flxsd.*"
5 In these words wss couched the
request of Edmonton Trades and
Labor Counoll made to the olty
council lut weeki, that the "fair
wage" clause be Included in all
city contracts) wbtoh request wis
defeated by the casting vots of
Mayor Short.
U. M-OF of A.
.    GETTING BU
:   PORTlbl
Frank Fsirlt
ehsrge of. ths 04a
on Vancouver ll"
sn Pettigrew sn
ed Mine Worl
wsrs visitors at
todsy,
Org- Fsrrlngtoif'ls on his wsy ts
Fernle snd Organisers Pettigrew
snd Gstx sn en their Wsy to the
oosl camps In the Nicola Vslley.
who hsve held some minor position or
favored places In the mines.
"Foreign Orgsnlzstlon" Story
Attempts have been made to make
it appear thst some Individual or
group of "foreign agltatore" are the
real oause of all ths trouble. This Is
an old-time wheeze which Is made to
do dutv whenever any International
union Is celled upon to take official
action.  Tbe United Mine Worken are
Cansdlan organisation equally with
every other organisation of workera of
any consequence ln the Dominion, and
la affiliated with the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
With the exception of a email group
of minen In Nova Scotia who are led
by a coterie of politicians, all the coal
mlnen of the Dominion are ln the
same organisation. They are divided
into three districts—District 26 tn
Nova Scotia, District 18, Including the
Crow's Nest Pass and Alberta, and
District 28, that of Vancouver Island.
A statement has been made that
the United Mine Worken are making
their laat stand aa an organization In
Canada on Vancouver Island. No
statement could be more absurd. The
memben of the United Mine Workere
now fighting are Canadian citizens
with homes, families and Interests In
this province,, wbo are memben by
choice In the only organisation of their
craft which can effectively protect
their Interests to sny degree: but their
connection with the U. M, W. Is not
vital to the existence of that union In
Canada or anywhere else.
No local union or district of mlnen
or any other craft, organised Internationally can expect to have the financial support of ths remainder of
the order unless the proposed sctlon
has the sanction and endorsement of
their elective o....cen. Nor csn any
action such ss a strike be taken without first giving those responsible offl-
(Contlnued on Psge Four.)
CONVENTION
SESSION TODAY
PORTLAND, ORB., June 5.—(Special
to The Federatlonist)—Representatives
of organised labor to the number ot
twenty-five are gathered at Portland to
discuss the question of Immigration to
the Pacific cosst snd in particular the
movement which may commence with
tie opening of the Panama Canal
Delegates are present from British
Columbls, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, Oregon and California, principally
from State Federations and Central
Labor Councils,
Committees on organization, resolutions, legislation and .publicity have
been formed and tbey will report at;
Friday meeting.
Oregon State Labor Cpmrnissloner
Hough addressed meeting today, He
declared every avenue waa already occupied on this cosst by those who had
only two hands to irork with and would
advise those who hsve s Job elsewhere
that .they are better off than to be here
without one. Also that the man coming tb ths land on the Pacific Coast
should have at least three thousand
dollars In hand.
Convention will devise means of giving publicity to real conditions on Pacific Coast and demand a better admin-,
stratlon ot Immigration and alien, labor laws. '
Conference will continue for next
two days under tbe chairmanship of B.
P. Marsh, President of Washington
State Federation of Labor.
W. R. Trotter, representing Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, Is a
member ot organization committee and
briefly addressed the conference today,
Nelson T. snd L, Business Agent.
John Notman wbb last week elected
business agent for Nelson Trades and
Labor Council, his duties to commence
on June 1. Mr. Notman is also aeeretary of tbat body, and Is well known
in labor circles of the Kootenay hub.
a. WAToncjjr
Who amivsd iBTaaooaver this week to assists the dittos of WstHot Osgsalsn
tn the Vattea Btottoikood of Claipoaton   as
Btssaser ef B. o. reMsMsea ef Botes.
WHAT REDISTRIBUTION
MEASURE IN FEDERAL HOUSE
WOULD MEAN TO B. C.
It is announced from Ottawa that
an early session of parliament .will be
called mainly for the purpose o'f passing a redistribution bill, after which
there will be a dissolution and an appeal to the country, tbe election taking place in November or December.
Here are the figures showing the
basis upon which the four western
provinces are represented ln the
House of Commons:   '
Inhabitants.
British Columbia has one
member for each.....     66,068
Alberta hss ons member
for each      53,682
Saskatchewan   bas   one
member tor each     49,248
Manitoba hu one member
for each     45,561
Average »....:..,::.:...... ...:.    49,789'
And here are the figures tor the
Inhabitants.
19,840
FAKE ADVERTISING CROOKS
VICTIMIZING MANY VANCOUVER
BUSINESS MEN AND HOUSES
Msrehants and sdvortlsers In
Vsnoouvsr hsvs rapsatodly bssn
wsrnsd by the Central Labor Body
to look out for crooks collecting
money, claiming to represent *
phony Switchmen's union or some
other pretext coupled with the
good nsms of Lsbor,
Scarcely s wssk pssses but whst
some merchsnt or professions!
msn Is preyed upon by one or more
ellok advertising fskln who Uke
sdvsntsgo of ths credulity of
sympsthlstrs with ths work of
unions snd unionists.
Ths ufest pnosutlon for sdvsr-
Users to tsks Is to talaphone Seymour 3690 for verlflcstlon of
credentials presented.
Typo. Inter-provlnclsl Convsntlon.
The lnter-provlncial convention of
Alberta and Saskatchewan Typos,
took place during the week at Moose
Jaw, with a thoroughly representative attendance of delegates. The
sessions lasted over a period of three
days and concluded with a banquet
tendered the visitors by memben of
Moose Jaw local,*
Printing Tradu Very Quiet
"Trade conditions ln the printing
Industry sre the quietest tor yesra,"
said a Typo, official to Tbe Fed, this
morning. "The big dallies sre cutting
down to the smallest number of psges
In sit yesn. In tbe World chapel tbe
boys have cut down to a six-hour dsy,
rather than lay off the surplus staff.
Jobbing la alack, too. Quite a few of
the "free" Journeymen are taking out
travelling cords.
eastern provinces:
Ontario has one member
for each 	
Quebec hu one member
for each     80,810
New Brunswick hu one
member for each.     37,068
Nova Scotia hu one member for each     27,862
Prince Edward Island has
one member tor each     23,432
Average      29,376
Thus the average member from tbe
western provinces represents more
than 20,000 more people than does
the average member from the eastern
provinces.
The ratio of representation is Axed
by the province of Quebec with Its
stationary sixty-five. Under the census
ot 1910 this allows one member tor
approximately every 30,800 people.
The redistribution would, therefore,
work out along the following lines:
Ontario    81
Quebec    65
Saskatchewan      15
Nova Scotia    16
Manitoba _    14
British Columbia   1:
Alberta   12
New Brunswick     11
Prince Edward Island     3
Yukon     1
H, J. Sheen, Victoria, advises The
Fed. that the drawing for Taylor's
launch took place last Tuesday, the
winning number being 158. Who's the
lucky slave?
Calgary Plumbsrs' Strike
Between three snd four hundred
union plumbers ot Calgary went on
strike Monday, demanding an Increase
of 5 cents an hour in wsges. Tbe
principle of 'open shop" is also involved. Instsad of going to work ln
the morning union plumben Went to
Labor Hall, where a mus meeting
wu held, The' ultimatum was sent
to the employers ,who show no readiness to accede to the demands. The
former agreement lapsed lsst week.
Under lt the plumbers were paid 60
cnts sn hour.  Thy now want 66,
SASKATCHEWAN, ALBERTA
AND MANITOBA BRICKLAYERS
MAY GO ON GENERAL STRIKE
No settlement of the dispute at
Lethbrldge In regard to tbe new.
scsle of wages for tbe bricklayers
has yet been reached, and trom
reports current it seems tbat a
Btrike Is quite probable. The scale
goes Into effect June 31. -
If the strike is declared, bricklayers and' masons in Alberta,
Manitoba and Saskstchewan will
walk out simultaneously.
ThlB is one of the lnter-provlncial agreements between the two
unions.
If thie occurs tt will be the flrat
time In the history of Canada
that auch a large territory will be
affected by a Btrike of the labor
unlona.
BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL
SLOWLY "COMING BACK" AND
PLANNING ACTIVE CAMPAIGN
Regular weekly meeting of Vancouver Building Trades Council convened
May 30, 8 p.m., Pree. McDonald In tbe
chair,
AU officers and fifteen delegates
answered roll-call; minutes ot previous
meeting adopted u read.
Credentials" for J. E. Porter snd
Hggsn ot the U. B. District Council ot
Carpenten, were read snd accepted,
and delegates seated.
A reuest from the .Department ot
Labor, Ottawa, asking tor names and
addresses of offlcen and number ot
unlone affiliated, read. Secretary Instructed to comply with the request.
Reports ef Committees
Report of committee on Laboren'
dispute received and committee discharged. Secretary Instructed to communicate with headquartera ot Hod-
Carriers' and Laboren, asking for a
statement u to the standing of Locals
23U and 66,
Report of committee on ways and
means of obtaining finances to organize Teamsten accepted, and committee continued.
Del. Haberbush re-elected chairman
of visiting committee.
Reports of Unions
Painters—Trade fair. Outlook for
trade dull.
Teamsten—Making slow progress.
Getting few new memben,
Steam Engineers—Trade good.
Marble Workers—Trade good.
Lathera—Fifty per cent working,
Outlook dull.
Bro. ot Carpenters—Trade dull. Organizer Watchman In City,
Moved and seconded that sserstary
again communicate with headquarters
of Locals not yet afflliated, asking
them to agsin use their Influence In
having them affiliated,   Carried.
Organizer Watchman gave an interesting report of conditions in Victoria, and on Labor matten generally,
making the offer of assistance to any
craft that may call upon him.
Adjournment 9:30 p.m.
Receipts, 12.00; expenses, nil.
B. STAPLES, Secretary.
I. B. of E. W. Organizer Hero
> J. Morgenthaler, vice-president of
Pacific District Council No. 1, third
district, International Brotherhood of
Electrical Worken, with headquarters
at Seattle, wu a union o.clal visitor
In Vancouver this week. He spent
a day or two at New Westminster ad-
Justing a little difficulty that had
arisen there between the electrical
workers.
MA PMC
, J«wl<-4M«»,
NANAIMO, V. I,
•tion oa tbo I _
thomaa mall the
s*6*Ht* The prn'insHsta ist^tasd >y*
tha oompaaies lest wotk.MS tsnet
down by the assa ot KsmIM tad
Jingle Pot slant uaalnuasly.
t mty sir, for tbe bseefit of yoor
readers, tbat the terms offered by the
oompuy, u stated la ssy last week's
report-is aot u clear u might have
been, aad I will explain aad bava tt
corrected. Whsn I stated that (Bar
had offend a It per teat taenaaa
this should hsve beea atata-t* ttat
tor the paat few yean tie
paid mea digging at SMS ptr day sM
a 10 per eaat. boons. What tip at* '■•
paay did wu to make thla 19 Mr seat
bonus a 16 per* eent bonis, ap ttat it
ta aot a 16 per out luraaae fr
wages, but only looks like a I set seat
When further examined, u tbey tw
aot to get It tin September, then It
— - m reality only a IM per otat
samps hava
tbelr flnt strike pay paid oat
week, sad very tew are grumbliag ia
any way. To take tha opiawaa a»
pressed by msny of the mea, It la
going to be a bard Job for too cots-
pony to get tbem to resume work oa
sny other thsn union eoasldonttoes,
u tbe amount paid aad the good waa-
ther. conditions make thorn feel It Is
something they should have had leaf
ago.
The men b re have arranged to aold
concerts, etc., and nave a general load
time while, thr strike lasts.
  O. P.
There Is little to sly about tke local
Industrisl situation at peoeent. Many
people have spent msny houn of anxious thought over tto matter, aad a
thousand solutions of the labor difficulties existing In this elty bava been
arrived at Every man In the dty,
apparently, hu a cure for ths gravs
difficulties under which tha dty ta
laboring, but no one, evidently, appears able to get concentrated sctlea
slong bis particular remedy. Tto
mining compules of tbe district lave,
seemingly, taken a decided staad aot
to recognise the U. M. W. of A. Official
organisers of that association say that
then will be no work until tha opera-
ton recognise tha union, nott pro
oast tppeannces it -toelte Uke a. hag
stubborn fight to see whieh aids will
recede from Its position ths flnt
There Is no talk of compromise or arbitration.—Nanalma Herald.
Pressmen snd Stereetypen to Plenlo
Vsncouver memben of the Pressmen and Stereotypers' Upton will Indulge In s gsla picnic oa Sunday, Jane
15. A special car via tha Orut Northern will convey tbe crowd to White
Rock bathing beach.
Shoot Metal Worken' Organiser
Robt. Byron, a special organiser tor
the International Sheet Metal Worken' Union, la now en route to Via-
couver, working slong Pacific Cout
points. The more the merrier. With
a little more backing by tbe wage-
worken of Vanoouver ths prospects
for "coming back" stronger thsn ever
were never brighter.
Lumber Workera Progressing.
Ths organisation of the loggen snd
mill worken Into the International
Union of Shingle Weaven, Sawmill
Worken and Woodsmen contlnuM
apsce, At the meeting of Local lt,
Aberdeen, Organtsen McDonald aad
McCsil reported twenty-seven new
memben for the week. The loggen
srs flocking Into the organisation and
the staff of organisers Is reslly inadequate to cover the magnitude of the
Job. A flourishing sub local hss been
stsrted st Mocllps, and lt Is said tbat
they think they can handle their own
affairs entirely and many apply for a
separate charter from headquarters.
It Is hoped that they will aee things
in s different light—Aberdeen New
Ere.
Vsnoouvsr Union Lsbel League
"Success of the Season."—If you
are not a member of the Label League,
wake up, and get tn with the bunch—
twenty-five (25) cents to Join for gen
tlemen, and ten (10) centa for ladles,
and, of course, the dues are a trifle,
being ten cents per month. Our meetings are held flrst and third Tuesdaya
of the month, ao give us a look In.
Don't atay all night. There are almost
a score of delegates hustling around
with these application forms, so it you
are approached don't hesitate to be one
of us, and remember, "Demand tbe
Union Label."
ASK FOR AND INSIST UPON "BUCK
BRAND" OVERALLS AND SHIRTS
This because our goods arc not only union-made
and "made in Vancouver," but are the best on the
market for the money. They fill the bill—absolutely.
Ask for them. Try them. Then you will wear none
other—Remember:    BUCK BRAND
WM. J. McMASTER
1176 Homer Street
AND SONS, LIMITED.
Vancouver, B. C.
Bakers' Union Lsbel Campaign.
At last Saturday evening's meeting
of the Bakers' Union Ave new memben were Initiated. Int. Org. Wllle
addressed the meeting, which later
resolved Itself Into committee of the
whole to discuss ways snd means of
lining up. the non-union bakeries of
the city. It was decided to pick out
one at a time and make a determined
effort to unionise It, The central labor
body will be asked to co-operate with
the men who knead the dough by the
appointment of a committee to meet
bakery employen with the Baken'
Union committee. Union men, their
wives and friends, will be uked to
Insist upon having the Baken' Union
Label on every loaf of bread purchased. 'The campaign has only been
atarted," stated Org. Wllle to The
Federatlonist yesterday, "and before
the Baken' Union gete through lt will
occupy a place ln the front row."
Jack Navela and hla bride (nee
Anna Campbell) of Naaa river, spent
part of their honeymoon visiting In
the Coast cltlea laat week. Mr. Navels
regretted the passing away of the old-
time activities tn and around Steveston
when he wss a fisherman.
DON'T BLAME THE UNION.
"It occaalonatly happens tbat
memben of unions get disgusted over some trivial matter,
fancied or real, snd ss a result
deliberately stay away from tbe
union meeting. Then, when
something does go wrong, they
immediately put the blame for
the mistake on their unton, or
some active officer. Befon tbey
wute another breath finding
fault with tbelr unton tbey
should stop snd uk themselves
what Is the cause of the trouble.
In other words, find Just where
the blsme belongs. When a
union man does this, tbe chances
are that he will find thst ths
whole trouble started something
like thie: You snd others wore
at stray meetings In the put
You never attended regularly
and consequently you never
were really posted on whst wu
going on. When It came to doing anything, you never wanted
to serve on any committee or
sttend to sny duty of tbe union.
You alwaya wanted some one
else to bear the brunt of ths
routine work. The grievances
you had and still have rankled
ln your breut but you never
presented them ln proper form
at the union meeting. What wu
the result? The entire work of
the organisation fell on the
shouldere ot a few. That wu
unfair to them and you who
stayed swsy aad refused to help
were partly to blame for it
You, by staying away from the
meeting, laid the foundation for
the abuses snd wrongs which
flowed directly from this state
of affairs." PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY ...........; JUNE 6, 1918
Tte Royal Bank
of Canada
nrOOBTOBATBD 1SSS
VslS-sp capital I Il,SOO*»
Beasm ls,soo,ooo
wa sxlow or-
voarra or ora
SAVINGS
DEPART WENT
OuDoUu wWepos
Oe sooosat, ud yew
tmmam. win bo wol-
oeaw he tt luge «
rOVBTBBB BBABOHBS III
TABOOOTSa
Published weekly by Tbe B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Counoll and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
Which Is amilated 16.000 organised Wage-
workers.
Issued every _Frl<*ay morning.
THE BANK OF
TORONTO
Capital & Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important' to you and your
family, nothing that ho closely
affects your future welfare
and-happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blosaiiig. We
know it, and by very little
thought yon must realize it.
WE OFFER TO YOU
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the seourity of a
Bank that has, been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
intenpst per annum.
440 Hastings St. West
VAMOO
lungs snd
nvHt,
B.O.
WHEN ORDERING A SUIT
See that this Lsbel is Sewed
in the Pockets
It studs (or sll thst Union
Lsbor Stands for.
""■ PRINTING
with the LABEL on it
 see us	
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor "temple      Bt'uo Box, 4480
HATS
Velours, Straws and Felts
ALL COLORS
CAPS and GLOVES
President	
Vice-President	
Vloe-Preeldent	
Treasurer.	
Managing-Editor...
...Jas. Campbell
...J. w. Wilkinson
 i. McMlllsi
 J. H. MoVety
Farm. Pettlplece
 i SIO, Ubor Temple
SSL gov. ssso.
Subscription:    11,00 per year;   ln Vancouver City, 11.26:   to unions sub*
scrlblns III a body, 75 cents.
'Patty ot labor; tbo hope of tbo world.'
11 A WATCH THE LABEL ON TOUR
»** PAPER. If this number la on tt
your subscription expires next Issue.
FRIDAY  JUNE 6, 1918
H08PITAL SATURDAY.
Vancouver Is a wealthy city. In
keeping with other wealthy cities,
provision Is msde for the csre ot sick
snd maimed citlsens. As Vsncouver
Is surrounded by an Immense territory, with but little settled population,
but in which a great many workers
are employed ln dangerous occupations, provision Is also made for at
tentlon to the Injured from outlying
districts. Consequently, the Vancouver General Hospital Is sn institution
enjoying not only the support and
prqtectlon of this wealthy city, but of
the extremely wesltby provincial government ss well,
This fact is at once appreciated by
anyone applying for admittance to the
hospital, when If he hap any money he
Is asked to pay tn advance.- Of course,
If he hss no money, the futility ot trying to collect Is at ones apparent to
those ln charge. Once In, If he is at
all observing, he will soon notice the
extreme scarcity of nurses, and the
intense activity of such nurses ss are
there for twelve hours each day. Upon
his release, If, for example, It should
take place tomorrow, he will be accosted on the street corner for money
to help support the Institution he has
Just left, snd, should he happen to pick
up a newspaper, will be Informed that
he lacks a aense of duty if he did not
pay.
The City of Vancouver and the Government of British Columbia (with its
seven-mllllon-dollar surplus) between
them msnsge to conduct their very
necessary hospital In such s manner
aa to oblige Its Board of Management
to beg for charity from those without,
and get as much as possible for as
little as possible from those within.
other law will b enacted, compelling
workingmen to work for auch a minimum as a maximum; When that
time comes, when by statutory enactment wageB- are set, it will only be
another set to force workingmen to
Work at tbe behest of their employers,
or at tbe behest ot the state, which
vlil be equivalent to, and will be,
slavery.
"We want a minimum wage eBtab-
llshed, but we want it established by
the solidarity of tbe workingmen
themselves through the economic
forces of their trade unions, rather
than by any legal enactment. The
question of regulating wages by law
Ib, Indeed, a most delicate one, and
It is questionable whether beneficial
and laating results would accrue, to
the working people of any country
were wsges fixed by statute,
"Many persons appear to be Impressed with the notion that legal enactments will solve the labor problem, and much theorising is Indulged
In relative to the extent to which legislation can favorably affect working
people, but they tall to counterbalance
their reasoning by recognising a possibility that tf laws can bs placed
upon the statute books establishing
minimum wsges, and kindred measures, by the same process of reasoning, there may be other laws placed
upon the statute books that will be
extremely detrimental to the working
people.
"From the knowledge I have been
able to glean from history, and from
other countries where legislative
means have been utilised to interfere
with the natural growth and development of the economic advance of the
tollers, I am compelled to view such
efforts with many misgivings.
"We must not, we cannot, depend
upon legislative enactment to set
wage standards. When once we
courage such a system, it is equivalent
to admitting our Incompetency for
self-government snd our. Inability to
seek better conditions."
TEN YEARS OF M'BRIDE
During the ten years ln which the
McBride government has controlled
the affaire of British Columbia, many
changes have taken place. Plain Richard McBride has become a knight,
having won his spurs through his
splendid nerve In overcoming obstacles placed In his way by his own
record. Great stretches of territory,
once virgin, unclaimed, wilderness,
now belong to MacKsnste ft Mann.
Throughout his administration Sir
Richard has consistently done aa much
to the working class ss he could. He
has maintained a policy of non-Inter
ference, In Industrial disputes throughout Except, of course, in esses of absolute necessity, such as a possibility
of the workers gaining a victory. As
long sb the employers are able to keep
matters ln hand and run no risk of
losing, McBride's Impartial attitude is
a lesson to all statesmen.
One of the most extensive undertakings of the McBride regime was a
large government payroll which could
be tallied up as so msny Conservative
votes. This has been successfully
csrried through until at present its
proportions sre ample to provide prosperity for the administration tor many
years. Development of the province
Is also carried on where lt cannot possibly be avoided.
After ten years the end is hy no
means in sight, A small portion.of
the province haa yet to be disposed of
and It Is not likely thst the people
will trust smatsuis In that work,
When the people have things to give
away they want lt done by experts.
McBride hss been supported In the
House by a number of discreet gentlemen who have always been csreful to
avoid undue Interference In legislative
work.
A QUESTION OF POWER.
On the side lt Is Interesting to
note that the dally papers doing the
most blatherskiting about "Interference of foreign unions and agitators"
on Vancouver Island are all produced
by members of one ot the same kind
of trade unions the news and hack editorial writers are renouncing.
Tbe Typos, are "sane and conservative" simply because they have
the, power to make Wolter Nichol, Jack
McConnell and others of their kidney
walk tbe chalk line. A unton, international or otherwise, is all right-
when it has won out.
The United Mine Workers are all
right In the Crow's Nest Pass coal
fields. They will be a bunch of good
fellows on Vancouver Island before
long—after they win recognition,
decent pay and working conditions,
and refuse to lower tbelr standard of
living to that of. the Orientals employed ss strike-breakers at Cumberland by those good flag-waving patriots, Sirs Bill and Dan.
What Ib marriage without a union-
man on the Job?
When ln doubt-
commission.
-ask McBride for a
The wage-workers of Port 'Arthur
and' Fort-William have Just received
a first-hand application of the commission form of civic government. They
find tbat the commissioners are pretty
much like other corporations when lt
comes to breaking strikes, Importing
Tblel and Pinkerton plug-uglies, snd
ignoring generally the demands of
union atreet railway employees for
decent wages and tolerable working
conditions. There Ib one difference,
however, and lt the workers of the
Twin Cities, forget to use It next election day they will deserve a worse
dose.   "We get what we vote for."
UWXOV SUUMaM
AOBBT DtBBOTOBY
Paste in ybur hat for reference.
W. B. WAAKSB
Wbo baa been sleeted by tho Bartenders'
Macao   to   sepsoaast   tbo   Osliaaty
Cradoo at Denver OonvoaUoa opeaug
Heat Monday.
PERIARDS
1>5 Hastings St. B.
THE NEW
ORPHEUM
Granville Street
VAUDEVILLE
Where Everybody Goes
800 Gallery Seats at 18c
UNION PRINTING
ON
The Only Shop
in British Col-
umbiausingpa-
per stock bearing the watermark (label) of
thelnternation-
al Paper-makers Union
Mill Orders Promptly Filled
E. T. KINGSLEY
Phone Seymour 824
LABOR TEMPLE
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
WAGE INCREASE
The Judges of the supreme court,
court of appeal and the county court
have bad their pay raised. The Victoria Week, In connection therewith,
remarka:
"We hear of railway presidents
getting (50,000 a year . , ,
yet we consider that we are remunerating our Judges, whose office is possibly, with the single
exception of that of a minister of
the gospel, at once the most exalted and the most sacred in the
community, with the comparatively paltry sum ot 13,000 to (7,000
a year."
Quite true. Seven thousand is a
slim stipend tor men who are obliged
to Bit and listen for hours to the legsl
profession. Then think of the strain
on their minds when they are obliged
to try and find.some sense amidst the
mass of laws that pile up constantly
year by year.
Judges are also employed to keep
erring folk In tbe atralght and narrow
path. They are all experts on "How
to Keep Respectable on 11.50 Per Day."
Vet we expect them to keep up to date
on a "comparatively paltry' 13,000 to
17.000 per year!
It Is absurd to pay a railway president 150,000 and a ludce only $7,000.
Railway presidents only have to use up
as many men ae possible In tbe production ot dividends for cruel and exacting "widows and orphans." Judges,
on the other hand, have to dispose of
the ones the rallwaymen have finished
with or cannot otherwise use.
Judges are supposed to provide adequate punishment tor daneerous criminals. They are not usually very busy
at this. It Ib not their fault, however.
If dangerous criminals are seldom
caught.
"Capitalism hss no sentiment, no
love of country, no Idealism. It Is
the universal hog."
After all tbe dally fight for bread
results ln a lot more fatalities than
professional arena fighting,
"In old days the slave used to run
away from the master. Now he runs
to get one."
Verily Karl Marx waa right:' "The
moat despicable Is the miserable slave
who braga of his chsins."
• "We won't work"—more than eight
hours a day Is a slogan that can safely
be adopted by any organisation of
wage-workers .
It seems that after all Roosevelt's
Inspiration was not the merry cock-
tall. The "after" effects are, however, much the same.
No one -but a baseball umpire can
make a rotten decision these days
nnd get away with It—Milwaukee
Leader.
From October 1, 1908, to April 1,
1013, the International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers added 29,405 memben, '
"Smile awhile, and while you smile
another smiles, and soon there's miles
and miles of smiles, snd life's worth
while, becsuse you smile."
The Wade-McConnell-Smith appendages to the Liberal psrty kite ln B.
C. will prevent It flying to heights calculated to threaten the supremacy of
the Dowser aeroplane.
The degenerate on the payroll of a
detective agency has neither heart,
soul or conscience, snd his employer
knows no Ood save profit—Miners'
Magaslne.
Some economists Idea of "prosper
lty" Is to move factories from one
locality to another, tbe products ln
any case belonging to the factory
owners, and the wage determined by
the number or unemployed seeking
Jobs.
If the Vsncouver Island coal miners' strike is not ended "till every
agitator on the Island is squeezed
out," as averred by the mine owners,
the time to place orders for tombstones or crematories is opportune.
DANGERS OF MINIMUM WAGE.
The International Molders' Journal
publishes a letter from Samuel Oompers in which attention Is called to some
usually unseen dangers In minimum
wage legislation.   Says Mr. Oompers:
"If a minimum wage law for workingmen is established by law, by the
some token It Is more than probable
that It may finally transpire that an-
law-makers, unlike unionists, have
little difficulty ln securing ah lncreaae of "Indemnity." A majority
vote turns the trick. The habit has
now extended ss far east as Ottawa.
The universal brotherhood Is broad
enough to Include even those tbat
disagree with me as to the exact
method by which the emancipation of
the working class will be accomplished.—Charles Edward Russell.
That sweet little woman, Ella
Wheeler Wilcox says thst in one hundred years the eating of meat will
be a thing of the past. No doubt
by that time tbe cold storage com-
nnnieB will have got rid of the stock
they now hsve on hand.—Greenwood
Ledge,
The coal barons ot Vancouver Island seem to own more than the coal
mines, Judging by the conspiracy of
silence maintained by the dally press
nf tbat territory, except when Bill and
Dan's hired men wish to make a
statement.
Vou cannot dispose of a great man
bv traducing him; you cannot get rid
ot a great question by Ignoring It; you
cannot thwart, a great cause by mis
representing it. The man, the question, the cause, persistently recur, and
will not down—Dr. W. C. Abbott.
Bruce Walker, dominion government immigration officer, says that
one hundred immigrants pSbb through
Winnipeg daily for points ln British
Columbia. Which also tallies somewhere near the number looking tor
Jobs these days. !
According to a ruling made by a
Vancouver supreme court Judge thla
week, an automobile comes under the
classification of furniture. House
furnishers snd all working men
Bhould bear this In mind. No house
Is completely tarnished without- one.
C. W. CrosB, attorney-general of
Albertt, paid a fraternal visit to W. J.
Bowser, attorney-general of British
Columbls, during the week. Both being political machinists the conversation naturally, drifted Into classifications of gearings calculated to make
the grade.
The union printers,of the United
States pay old-age pensions to 1,089
members, at the rate ot 15.00 per
week. Among the pensioners are six
women. The Typogrshplcal Union,
the circular stating these facts asserts, is probably the only trade union that has. women on the old-age
pension roll.—Tbe Outlook. ,
When you boost the union label you
boost the cause of tbe working class.
It means thst the article was not
made ln a tenement house, a sweat
shop, a prison or in Chinatown. No
filthy factory Is allowed to use the
union label. ' No establishment where
long hours and short wages prevail
can use lt.
The Federatlonist Is In receipt of
several communications, most of them
from Vancouver Island points, apparently intended for publication, but inasmuch as they are unsigned cannot
be used. Correspondents should note
this unalterable rule. The proper
name Ib not' necessarily for publlca-
Lion, but rather as sn evidence ot good
fslth.
the madams of the dally press at
Pprt Arthur and Fort William have
been particularly "busy" during the
strike of the streetrallway employees.
A gleam of satisfaction Ib that the
union printers of the Twin Cities decided to enforce their demands tor
a living wage and. tied up the lying
attests for a day or two, Just long
enough to give the press landladies
time to change their editorial kimonas.
Holy horrors! Listen to this from
the staid old grandmother who nurses
the political destiny of the News-Ad.
Sneaking of the likelihood of civil war
within the Chinese empire, he says:
" . ... for without MONET there
could be no reliance on the army." At
least candid, It a bit sordid, snd wholly
the truth. The necessities of the unemployed Is the only thing that could
induce MEN to become soldlrs.
Paradoxical as lt may appear, in
tho proletarian sections of every in-
dustrlsl centre, where the advocates
of a shorter work day predominate,
one will flnd them stirring round ln.
the morning wltb the birds snd rushing away to work from 5:30 to 7:46.
In the aristocratic sections of the
city, where the residents are invariably advocates of long work hours
and low wages, one very seldom sees
snd Indeed does not look for even a
Stir until about 9 a.m.
Every effort should be made by the
union men of British Columbia to extend the sale Of union labelled goods.
When you enter an establishment to
make a purchase and tbe merchant
does not handle the article you want,
ask him why he does not put in a
union labelled line of goods. Several
advertisers are now carrying good
lines of union made goods. When
purchasing from your friends Just
ssy: "I see you are advertising In
The Federatlonist." It will do worlds
of good." '
Whatever hard things may have
been said of the senate In the past,
and whatever may be the arguments
against the existence of a senate at
all, It must be admitted that by, the
Ross amendment the senate Justifies
Its existence and at the same time reestablishes a principle too often
lightly regarded, the principle that
the people should be supreme., If the
senate's action haatens the day when
ihe referendum will be attached to
every measure of national Importance, then more power to the ancient
gentlemen of the upper chamber.—
Edmonton Capital.
"Some of the larger British employers of labor are now granting every
militiaman on their staffs three weeks'
leave annually on full pay on the
understanding that he spends a fortnight In ramp and attends the requisite number of drills beforehand. The
employer, lt is recognised, Is really
the key of the present Bystem ot purely voluntary service. But If it Is a
duty that a man owes to hts country
to undergo military training, should
It he left to his own public spirit and
that of his employers whether he Is
to fulfil it or not?"—Edmonton Journal. Like most "patriotic" employers,
tbe Journal prefers the fool volunteer to bear all the burden of training
as well as do the fighting.
Amalgamated Society Carpenters—Room
209: John A. Key: Tel. Seymour 2»08
Bartenders—Room   208;  A.    McDonald;
Tel.  Sey.  17M.
B. C. Federation of Labor—Room 208;
Victor R. Mldgley.
Brotherhood  of  Carpenters—Room   304
and 305: Geo. w. Williams; Tel. Seymour 1880.
Bricklayers—Boom 215: Wm. S. Dag-
nall; Tel. Seymour 8790.
Bakers—Room 220: Tel. Seymour 8362.
Rarbew—Room   208:  C.  F.    Burkhart;
Tel. Seymour 1778.
B. C. Federatlonist—Room  210;  R. P.
Pettlplece; Tel. Seymour 8690.
Hod Carriers, Builders and Common Laborers—Room 220; B. Tralnor;   John
Sully: Tel. Seymour 8121.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—Room 208;
W. E. Walker; Tel.-Seymour 8414.
Electrical    Workers     (outside)—Room
207; W. F. Dunn; Tel. Seymour 9151.'
Electrical Workers (Inside)—Room 202;
F. L. Estliifrhausen, Seymour 2884.
EnRtneers     (Steam)—Room    216;    Ed,
Prendergait; Tel: Sey. 6487.
Labor  Temple  Co.—Room   211;   J.    H.
McVety;   Tel,  Seymour 8360.
Longshoremen's    Association — Offlce,
W. B. Walker; Tel. Seymour 8414.
Miners—Room  217;.O. A.  Rowan; Tel.
Seymour 6467,   -
Musicians — P,
Nagle; Tel.
Tel.   sey-
Howltt,    640   Robson
street; Seymour 7815.
Painters—Room 803; W. J.
Seymour 1880.
Plasterers—Joe    Hampton:
mour 1514.
Plumbers—Boom 218;  Melvln    Engolf;
Tel. Seymour 3611.
ShlnglerB—Percy Sabln;  Labor Temple
Cigar Store; Tel.  Seymour 3126.
Trades and Labor Council—Room 210;
J. W. Wilkinson; Tel. Seymour 3090.
Typographical—Rooms  212,    218,    214;
R. H. Neelands; Tel. Seymour 2329,
UNION DIRECTORY
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
Hu C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—
Meets ln annual convention In January. Eiecutive oaucera, 1913-14: President Christian Siverts; vice-presidents,
J. Kavanagh, J. Ferris, A.. Watchman, O.
A. Burnes, J. w. dray, Jas. Cuthbertson,
i J'.!N,'°.JS secrtress, V. R. Midgley,
Box 1044, Vancouver,
TRADES . AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Moots first and third Thursdays,
Executive board: H. C. Benson, president; W. Manson, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, general secretary. Room 210
Labor Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer:
W. Foxcroft, statistician: W. J. Pipes,
sergeant-at-arms; F. A. Hoover, V. R.
Mldgley, J. II. McVety, trustees.
LABOR TEMPLE COMPANY, LTD.—
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. H.
MoVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James, Campbell, J. W. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettipiece, John McMillan, Murdock McKensle, F. Blumberg, H. H. Free. Managing director, J. H. McVety, Room 211.
Sey, 6360.
ALLIED PRINTING   TRADES   COUN-
CIL—Meets 2nd Monday In month,
President, Oeo. Mowat; secretary, F, R.
Fleming, P.O. Box 68.
AMALOAMATED   SOCIETY  OF  CAR-
ponton   and   Joiners—Room   209.
Sey. 2908.   Businsss agent, J. A. Key;
is hours, 8 to 9 am. and 4 to 5 p.
    .-    .    (({t
- -     —     _jmpl
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wad-
Men Are Wanting
25 lbB. WHITE LEAD|2,B0r-A first class white lead and
an opportunity riot to be missed,
BEADY MIXED WHITE PAINT—Quart-:.. 89o,
FLOOR PAINT—Beady mixed, in two shades of yellow
and two ofgrey.  Quart.-, 69o
GOLD ENAMEL; for your picture, frames.  A bottle-.lBe
8HINQLE 8TAIN, any oolor,    PAINTS, In spsolsl shades,
gsl. —.-. - *t.00
LINSEED OIL, raw or boiled,
gsl'. :...... 41.00
TURPENTINE, gsl -S1.4S
FLOOR LAC, quart (Oo
Pint .4Se
Hslf pint : .25o
FLOOR ENAMEL, hslf
gsl   ...11.76
Quart -..;. (Wo
WALLPAPER CLEANER,
"Smoky City," per tin....2Se
Two tins '. 48c
dsrk, red, heavy, brown and
white-
Gallon 12.75
Half gallon .11.50
Quart ,. (Oa
Pint BOo
Hslf pint „ .........JOo
All other shades, gsllon..*2.40
Hslf gsllon 01.25
Quart .(So
Pint Ko
Half pint 25c
GOLD BRONZE, for picture
frames, 25o tins. ..15c
PUTTY—Mb, tins 10c
WHITE LEAD in Mb, tins j. 10o
MURASCO and ALABABTINE, in 5-lb. packages, sufficient to do one ordinary size room.  Price 45o
DAVID SPENCER
LIMITED
OPBBATIVB PLASTBSBBR8' INTER-
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, No. ft—
Meets first and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p,m. President, O. Sean; corresponding aeeretary, F, Sumpter; flnanclal aeeretary, D. Scott: treasurer, I. Ty.
son; business agent, a R. still. Phone
Bey. 1614.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANQERS' AND
Decorators', Local lit—Meet every
Thursday, 7:10 p.m. Preaident B Mur-
r?i. flfianolBl secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 8
business agent, W, J. Nagle.
STONECUTTERS', VANCOUVBJl
Branch-Meets seoond Tuesday, 8:00
p.m. President, J. Marshall; corresponding secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
flnanclal secretary, K. MoKenalo.
STEROTYPERS' AND BLECTROTYF-
. era" Union, No. 88, of Vanoouver
and Victoria—Meets second Wednesday
of each month, 4 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, Chas. Bayley; recording secretary, Chris Homewood, 249 13th Ave.
East.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees: Pioneer Division No. 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2 p.m., and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Scbofleld, phone Fairmont 988; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, 26S6
Trunity Street, phone Highland 1672:
flnanolal aeeretary, Fred A. Hoover, 2409
Clark drive.
STEAM ENGINEERS, INTERNATION-
al Local 397—Meets first nnd third
Wednesday, 8 p.m.; Room 204, Labor
Temple, Financial secretary, E. Prender-
gast, Room 216.
KIMBERLEY MINERS' UNION. NO, 106
Western Federation of Minora—
Meeta Sundsy evenings, In Unloa Hall.
President E. A, nines: secretary-tress-
urer, M P| Vlllaneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
LADYSMITH MINERS' UNION, LOCAL
_ No.* 1188, U. M. W. of A.-Mesti
Wednesday, union HaU, 7 p.m. President, Sam Outhrle: secretary, Duncan
MoKenalo, Ladysmlth, B. O.
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U.M.W.of A.
—Meets every Monday at 7:80 p.m. in
the Athletto Club, Chapel Street Arthur
Jordan, Box 410, Nanlamo, B. C.
ROSSLAND MINERS' UNION, NO. 18,
Western Federation of Miners—.
Meets every Wednesday evening, In
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent
President, Sam Stevens: secretary. Herbert Varcol, Box 421. Bossland, B. C.
TRAIL MILL AND SMELTERMEN'S
Union, No. 101, W, F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:30 p.m. Praaldant
Qeorge eastern secretary, Frank Campbell, Box 26, Trail, B. C.
Socialist Party Directory
LOCAL SANDON, B.C., NO. 38, S. P. OF
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:80
v.m. In tbe Sandon Miners' Union Hall.
Communications to ba addressed Drawer
K, Sandon, B. c.
Secretary   of   	
H. MoEwon, Room
management
t09, "
...   committee,
Labor Templo,
nesday In Room 902,
BAKERS' AND CONFEC-
tioners' Local No.. 48—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. President,   J.   Klnnalrd;   nor-
.    responding  secretary,   W,
I   Rogers, Room 220, Labor
'el. Sey. 3129.
BARBERS' LOCAL, NO. 120—MBBTS
aecond and fourth Thursdays, 8:30
p.m. Preaident, Sam. T. Hamilton: recorder, Oeo. W. Isaacs; secretary-business agent C. F. Burkhart Room 208,
Labor Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 5 to 7
p.m.   Sey. 1776.
BARTENDERS'  LOCAL  NO.  676.—OF-
flce Room 208 Labor Temple.' Meets
flrst Sunday of each month.   President,
Wm. Laurie; flnanclal secretary, A. Mac-
Donald, Room 208 Labor Temp]
Seymour 1764,
Phone
COOKS', WAITERS' AND WAITRESSES'
Union.—Meets flrat Friday In each
month, 6:30 p.m., Labor Temple, w. E.
Walker, buafness representative. Office:
Room 203, Labor Temple. Hours:..8 a.m.
to 10:30; 1 p.m. to 2:30 and 6 p.m. to 6:|8
p.m. Competent help furnished on short
notice.' Phone Sey. 8414.
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OFCARPEN-
ters and Joiners, Local No. 117.
Moats Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets ovary Friday, 8
p.m.   Praaldant A. Richmond; recording
aeeretary, jno. Geo. Porter, 306 Labor
Temple; flnanolal secretary, O. W. Williams, 806 Labor Temple; treasurer, L.
W. Deslel; 806 Labor Temple. Phone,
Sey. 1860.
BROTHERHOOD
Joiners.
OF     CARPENTERS
South Vanoouver No.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall. Twenty-Ant
and Fraser Ave,, flrst and third Thursday of each .month, 8 p.m. President
W. J. Robertson; vloe-president, J. W.
Dlckieson: recording secretary, Thos.
Lindsay, Box 86, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; trsasursr,
Robt.-Lindsay; conductor, A: Conaher;
warden, E. Hall.
BRIDGE   AND   STRUCTURAL   IBON
WORKERS'    International    Unloa,
'.oeal 97—Meete second and fourth Fri-
lay. Labor' Temple, t p.m.    President
aaaaiaic,   ■   Iftaaa,
  Seeley; secretary, A.   ...
738 Ssmlln Drive, phone Bey, 188,
Oakley,
TAILORS, JOURNEYMAN TAILORS'
UNION OF AMERICA, Local No. 178
—Meetings held flrat Tuesday In each
month, 8. u.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; recording snd corresponding secretary, W. W. Hocken. P. O. Box 603;
flnanclal secretary, L. Kakely, P. O. Box
MS. .      .     .
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No. 62—Meeta flrst and third
Wednesdays eaoh month, 8 p.m. President, 3. Kavanagh; secretary, E. A. E.
Morrison. 1769 Eleventh Ave. Eaat.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. 226—
Meeta last Sunday eaoh month, 2
p.m. President A. E. Robb; vice-president. A. H. England; secretary-treasurer,
R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
T1CT0BIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR
Council—Meets flrst and third Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson street
at 8 p.m. Preaident A. Watchman, secretary, L. H. Norrls, Labor Hall, Victoria, B.C.
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAB.
pentors and Joiners, Victoria
Branch, Meets every Thursday, 8_p.m.
Labor Hall, Johnson St, Vlotoria. Bualneaa Agent, B. Simmons. Offlce hours.
8 to 9 a.m.. 1:80 to 2:80, 4:80 to 6:80
E.m. Secretary, A. E. Wrenoh; ones
ours, 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 2 to 6:80
p.m.; phone 2668. P. O. Box 770, Victoria. B. c.
B. O.
NEW WESTMINSTER TRADES A
Labor Council—Meete every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., It,
Labor Hall. President, B. A. Stoney
flnanolal secretary, J. B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D. Grant, P. O. Box
984.   Tbo public la Invited to attend.
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CARPENTERS AND JOINERS meeta every
second and fourth Thursday of each
month in Labor Temple, corner of Royal
Ave. and Seventh St., at In Preaident J- L. Hogg, Hankey Blk., Sapperton; Secretary, A. McDonald, 881 Royal
Ave., New Westminster. *
VANCOUVER LETTISH LOCAL NO.
68, 8. P. of C—Holds Its business
meetings every flrst Sunday In tha
month, and educational meetings every
third Sunday tn the month In Boom
211, Labor Temple.	
LOCAL NELSON, 8.
      "-'Jay al
B. C.
every Friday at 8 p.m.. In
HaU, Nelaon, -   -    "   '    '
retary.
P.  of C. MEETS
..m.. In Minors'
I. A. Austin, Seo-
LOCAL VANCOUVER OF SOCIAL
DEMOCRATIC PARTY — Public
meetings in Dominion Theatre, Granville Street, Sunday evenings. Secretary, O. L. Charlton, 8828 Main Street
*—«     l
■nroriii or oo-is imraro uov-
Coal mining rights of the Dominion,
In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,
the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Ter-
rltorlea and ln a portion of the Province
of British Columbls* may be leased for
a term of twenty-one years at an annual
rental of $1 an acre. Not more than
2,560 acres will be leased to one applicant
. Application for lease must tie made by
the applicant ln person to the Agent or
Sub-Agent of the dlstriot ln whloh tbe
rights applied for are situated,
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and In unFurveyed territory the tract applied for shall be
staked by the applicant himself. _
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of $5, which will be refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on tbe merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of Ave cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
PLUMBERS' and STEAM FITTERS' LO-
cat .496—Meets every seoond and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall,
7:30 p.m. President. D. Webster! secretary, A, McLaren, P.O. Box 911, New
Westminster, B. O.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
und Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No, IM—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, I p.m
President, F, Barclay, SIS Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 11 el Howe Street
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
—Meets every Tuesday, S p.m„ Room
«---■—-*   James Haslett   	
807,   President -----   -
Eondlng secretary, W. S.
3;  flnanclal   secretary'
agent
1790.
T,
Brown;
„„„„„_.    „jryl  _    _ _
business "agent'W." 8.  Dagrall,  Room
_______>"
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO.
213.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vice-
president Q. S. Phllpot: recording
secretary, Jos. Russell, Labor Temple;
financial secretary, Dan Cummlngs;
treasurer, Geo, Hessell; business agent,
W. P. Dunn, Room 207, Labor Temple.
BOOKBINDERS' LOCAL UNION NO.
105—Meets third Tuesday ln every
month, in Room 206 Labor Temple-
President, F. J. Milne; vice-president H.
Perry; secretary. Qeorge Mowat, 515
Dunlevy avenue.	
CIOARMAKERS' LOCAL, NO. «7—
Meeta flrst Tuesday each month, S
p.m. President, Geo. Gerrard; secretary,
Robert J. Craig. KurU Ci&ar Factory;
treasurer. S. W. Joi-v-on '
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHERS',
British Columbia Division, C. P. System, Division No, 1— Meets 11:30 a.m.
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, T. O'Connor, P. O. Box 432,
Vancouver. Local secty. and treaa.,
H. W. Withers, P. O, Box 432, Vanoou-
ELECTRICAL WORKERS', LOCAL NO.
631 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. President S. 8.
Duff} recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent, F. L. Est-
Inghausen. Room 202.   Sey. 3348.    	
LONG8HOREMEN8! INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 X 62—Meetti
every Friday evening, 146 Alexander St,
President, W. Elliott; secretary, Thos.
Ntxon.
MACHINISTS', NO, 182—MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 p.m.
President Chas, Mattlnaon; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; flnanclal secretary,
J, H. BIcVety.   Sey. 6860.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
Union, Local No. US, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of eaoh month, 640
Robson street President J, Bowyer;
vice-president F. English: secretary, C,
P. Howett; treasurer, W. Fowler,
UNITED    BROTHERHOOD    OF  CAR-
8enters, Local Union No. 1689—
i every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
atreet. President, M. C. Schmendt; aeeretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B, C.
BARTENDERS' LOCAL 784—MEETS IN
Labor Temple, New Westminster, corner Seventh street and Royal avenue,
every second Sunday of eaoh month, at
1:30 p.m. President, P. Paulsen; secretary, S. W. Jameson. Visiting brothers
invited.
■.O.
PRINCE RlfPflSRT TYPOGRAPHICAL
Union No. 418—Meets lut Sunday
in month at Carpenters' Halt. President Glenn Searle; secretary-treasurer,
W. D. Black, P.O. Box 849.
chantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon.    If the coal mining rights
are  not being operated, such   returns
'tould be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will Include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at ths
rate of 910 an acre.
For full Information application
should be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion
Lands.
W. H. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of
this advertisement will not bs paid for.
MADE
Bgr %
*fch  OF AMERICA   ^xT
eamueHt mm "ttBumpBtt naj
Short Lessons in
HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three times
Ihe amount of light obtained from a oarbon lamp
rith the same consumption of ourrent?
Would it not bo advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting?
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter olerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and.
the ordinary, carbon lamp.
For the convenience of oar oustomerg we ,
oarry a full line of Tungsten lamps of an
approved type in stock
Carrall snd
Hsstings Street
B.C.ELECTRIC
VANCOUVER, B. O.
1188 Grsnvllle St.
nesr Davis sasa-s-s-s-s-s-s-s-s-s-s-ss-s-
aam
maWa\mmmmm
FRIDAY
...JUNE 6, 1918*'
THE BBmSH CX)LtJMBIA gEDEBATIOytBT,
PAfflB
New Middy Blouses
m THE JUNIOR BTOBS
We show am excellent range of these popular models
for girls of 8 to 16 years of age. You will do parUonlarly
well to aee them if yon require anything in that line, for
style and quality represented, the pricea are decidedly
moderate. Mote than:
Middy blouses in white,   Middy blouses with  de-
with navy, scarlet and      tachable collar and
saxe   blue   collar   and      cuffs; 'come in white, in
' cuffs,  and laced, with      plain or Norfolk style,
cord to match, at....f2.00      at ,.;.,..:/..........f3.00
Norfolk middy blouses, with patent leather belt; come in
white,, with collar and cuffs of navy, saxe, blue or
scarlet, at ■'■■■...,:■■■ f2.B0
(fcorbon IrptotU, titnttri
575 Granville Street       Vancouver, B. C.
Campbell's Clothing
Is Made to Wear-and It Wears
f   Our Special 4j^^>.00
BROWN, BLUE and GREY
IS A REAL MONEY SAVER
~S_] CHAMBERS Fair
JAMESSTARK__&
KAarataa at, wst      ' Bstwsaa asset! s»s oawau.
Charming Assembly of New Spring Suits for Women
The moat bewitching styles that ever a spring has seen are here on
display. Some of them In our window today. The unusual beauty of
these new spring suite le ln a great measure due to the superior quality of
materials, perfeet workmanship and colors, which make them the most
attractive suits we have ever shown. Practicability la the great feature
of these garments. They ape designed ln the newest and most up-to-date
styles: smartly tailored, daintily finished and most becoming to all women.
A Few Distinctive Models Are Briefly Outlined Here
Smart navy tailored suits, of fine
French serge with semi-fitted
coatB, notched collars and revers.
The coats are cut with either the
new straight or cut-away fron ts,
with breast pocket and lined with
grey  satin.   .Skirts  are ln  two-
fanel styles, showing new side ef*
eets. Price 9IS.M and 930.00
Handsome suit of light grey
Bedford cord. The coat i« cut on
straight lines with two-button fastening and rounded front, coat collar and black satin revers, three-
button fastening, lined with
grey satin. Neatly cut skirt,
showing pleats on side gores.
Price .;   9*1.00
Dressy tan suit, made of the new
plplln material. The coat shows
cut-away front and fancy shaped
back, collar and cuffs, smartly
trimmed with cream and brown
Sponge, two-button fastening,
lined with tan messallne. The
skirt Is made with high waist line
and new wide front   Price 940.00
Fancy black and white Bedford
cord suit. The coat has a slightly
cut-away front, fancy shaped collar and blac ksatln revers, three-
button fastening, tailored sleeves
with fancy cuffs, lined with grey
satin. Four-pieced skirts with
panel front and back, Price -m-~~
Stoves anp Ranges
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
) Mount Pleasant headquarters tor Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
OWEN & MORRISON
PHONE FAIR, 447.
2337 MAIN STREET.
TOOLS-Best Assortment in City
Closest Prices.
Satisfaction Guaranteed
If a Tool is not satisfactory to you in every
way, wa want you to bring it back. Ws will
replaoo it, or return money without question.
J. A. FLETT, LIMITED
Phones Sey. 2327-2328       HI Hastings Street Weat    .
Honast snd Artistic
Dentistry
The most scientific and
up-to-date-methods
DR W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION TRUST BLDG.
Open from 8 s.m. to 6 p.m.
RING   UP    SEYMOUR   2364    FOR    APPOINTMENT
101-4 BANK OF OTTAWA BUILDING
602 Hatting, Street West
DR BRETT ANDERSON-Den/M/
tj Operates by the latest, most scientific snd psinleu method.
Specialist in Crown, Bridge, Plate snd Gold Inlay Work
Hours 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
British Columbia Land
Splendid'opportuniu'ei in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock snd Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
$1 PER ACRE
TERMS: Residence on the land (or st least
two yean; improvements to the extent ol $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 st the end of two
yesri, snd the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
' 3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6% -
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
WAGE WORKERS'FORUM
Strange Contrsdlotlons.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—The
idiosyncrasies of modern life strike the
thoughtful man with either amusement
or sorrow, according to his tempera,
ment Just recently a brutal murder,
committed by'crimlnsls In their hassr-
dous struggle for existence, has
brought to mind the old saying that
"one-half of the world doesn't know
how the other hslf lives" with a regrettable Illustration.
Some humans sre remarkably easy,
For a few dollars per week a msn
can be hired to risk his llfs protecting
the property of other people, ln what
we are pleased to call "the performance of duty."
Personally, If necessity compelled
me to follow a calling of the above
character my duty would alwaya bs
to see that I took no chances.
To-protect another's property at the
risk of life Is asking too much, of sny
one.
Life should always take precedence
over property, snd persons ot average
sense csnnot be gulled Into believing
tbat a few dollars sre worth a human,
life.
Criminals we shall always have
with ns, I suppose, so long as the
labor market continues to be glutted
with a large steading army of unemployed.
Some men.sre willing to risk life
or imprisonment to make a little essy
money; others to make a living can
be hired to rid society of this dangerous element'
At the funeral ot the deceased
policeman the large turn-out ot militiamen was particularly noticeable. Here
again we have another peculiarity of
our so-called civilisation.
In the lsst analysis a soldier Is nothing but a murderer or one trained
to commit such sn act It may be
a necessity to have such persons, but
nevertheless the fact remains that a
man who will hire or volunteer his
services to shoot at sight his fellow-
mortals, simply because his legislature
demands tt, Is practically ln the same
bost ss the man, who, caught thieving, will shoot a policeman ln order
to make his escape.
A policeman killed at his calling
becomes a hero; a worklngman killed
while following his trade is only the
victim of an accident and too often,
when striking for protective conditions, becomes sn undesirable citlsen,'
condemned by the very people who
eulogise a fallen cop.        X. Y. Z.
From Perm's Potato Psteh,
Vancouver, B. C, June 1,1913,
Dear Martha: Thought I would write
a few lines to let you know how things
is down to the city.
I rid out to your sister's place on a
street car last evening, . The street
car company muat be well thought of
here; as their business Ib pretty good.
I couldn't hardly get on the car for
the crowd. There was a card on the
wall what said tha capacity of this
car is, seated 38, standing 25. They
muat hsve made a mistake and put tbe
wrong card on, or else they are pretty
careful with figures, so's not to make
folks think the car Is blgger'n It Is, because I counted twenty-eight out
where the conductor wss, and fifteen
on the steps. Besides, there was more
standing up Inside, which I couldn't
count, they was so Jammed-togetber
like.
Please excuse me lt I make mistakes
about the csr, because a lady's hat
was in my eye most of the way, and I
couldn't see as well as I might of,
Outside ot that lt was a pretty nice
ride, only that a man's elbow waa
shoved Into my back kind of far. The
doctor says one of my kidneys Is lost
somewhere Inside, snd the other
mightn't be as well again on account ot
not being used to worktn' single. It
waa tun, though, to see them prying
off chunks of people at the streets
where the car stopped.
Did you ge't the brown leghorn
broke off wanting to sett
Good-bye from
HANK.
-    Why Is It?
Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—This
question Is being asked by men and
women everywhere; men and women
who live ln misery about every mine
and factory. Some of the people are
uncomplaining; they have not known
anything better, and ao they have the
heart to smile. Some are too weary,
too sodden with labor to complain.
Some are too engrossed with the tremendous problem of last month's rent'
end today's bread to have room In
their minds for anything else.' But
among them Is an ever-growing number who are beginning to think, beginning to question.
That ever-growing, ever-spreading
question Is: "Why Is it?" when in
this world things we need sre piled
up in abundance everywhere; when
we are willing to work and work
hard; when we try our best Why is
It, with all this, that we must still
work and live and die in misery and
want   Why Is It?
L. O. PURNBLL.
Local 230, Hod Carriers snd Building Laborers.
tto has tsstiasaaf luliw
yaWswrr-"*■*
UNION ORGANIZATIONS
THEOUOHOOT B. 0. A8KXD
TO ASSIST 00AL WHIM
President Slverti of B. 0. F. of. L.
Urges Unionists to Renew Fight
For Bight to Organlie.
Christian Siverts, president of the
B, C. Federation of Lsbor, Victoria,
had sddreseed the following statement
to all trades unions, central labor
bodies, building trades councils, district snd allied councils throughout
the province during ihe week:
"As you sre no doubt aware, all
the coal mines on Vsncouver iBland
are tied up as ths result of a decision
arrived at on Hay' Day by the workers
of the several mines comprising District 28, United Mine Workers ot
America..
"Not a pound ot coal Is being produced on the Island, except what
little is being dug by several hundred Orientals, assisted by a handful
of white strike-breakers.
"The miners are asking for a con:
ference between the mine operators
and representatives of their unions.
So far the managements have arrogantly refused, claiming it as their
right to deal with the miners as they
think fit
"It ia hardly necessary to say that
the miners have heen forced to adopt
their present attitude as a measure
ot self-defence, as their right to be
organised, and consequently their
chance of enjoying living conditions
at their employment were at stake.
"The fight now ln progress on this
Island concerts not only the men
Immediately affected, but every breadwinner and wage-worker In the province.
"The miners are fighting our battle.
"They are-making sacrifices for all
the rest of the workers of the province.'
"Their defeat would seriously affect the prospects of organised labor
ln British Columbia.
"With this aspect of the present
strike ln view and moved by a desire
to show our appreciation of the
splendid solidarity exemplified by
the brave men and women involved to
this fierce struggle, I reoommend snd
urge that the earliest opportunity be
taken by each organisation to adopt
resolutions expressing sympathy with
the strikers and calling on tbe government to exert Its Influence snd
authority ln bringing pressure tb hear
on the mine owners to meet representatives of the organisations of the
strikers, for the purpose of discussing
bases of agreement, copies of such
resolutions should be forwarded to the
government and to your respective
Hs. P. P., demanding them to wake
up and use their influence with the
government"
Went Dsy snd s-hslf Out of 8evan.
The socialist group ln the Chamber
of Deputies, France, are seeking legislation compelling "at least one day
and a-half from work during the
week." That is to ssy that workmen
shsll have the Saturday afternoon
holiday.
Wilkinson Family Reunion.
Mrs. Wilkinson, mother of J. W.
Wilkinson, secretary of Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, accompanied by a daughter and son, arrived In
the city during the week from the
old country and the family bave taken
up their residence at 2233 Semlto
drive. J. W, W. has already become
quite domesticated, after six years ot
down-town blll-o-'arlng.
Rallwsy Conductors Elect Officers.
A. B. OarrettBon was re-elected president of the Order of Railway Conductors at Detroit last Wednesday. The
choice was msde by acclamation and
all the other officers of the organisation were re-elected ln the same manner, Two new vice-presidents, making a total of seven, Instead of five as
In the past, will be elected before the
convention closes, which has been ln
session since Hay 12. .
Turning on Mis Light.
Harry Slbble, the veteran socialist
literature salesman along the Pacific
coast, disposed of some $00 worth of
hooks to delegates attending the recent Methodlat conference in Vancouver. This, to sdditlon to usual weekly
sales, now aggregating a tidy sum. Mr.
Slbble has credit for the distribution
of more socialist literature than any
other single Individual In America,
BIO LACROSSE GAME LAST
SATURDAY A HUMOINOER;
> At ROVAL CITY TOMORROW
"Well, what did you think of the
game?" was the question, but tbere
was no reply. That was because a
real lacrosse, fan couldn't tell what
he thought ot the game last Saturday
without making a loud and enthusiastic exclamation, which Is considered
unseemly outside the grounds.
Canada's national game had to come
out west to get itself played properly
some time ago, but not until Hay 31,
1913, did it really find out what kind
of entertainment lt could pass around.
The score wss 8-1 In favor of the
green at half-time and a poor benighted American citizen so far forgot himself as to ssk: "What's he'smlllng
at?" as Con Jones ambled across the
field.
Twenty-four vigorous gentlemen
played lacrosse at Hastings Psrk lsst
Saturday. You may Ssy "played lacrosse" ln perfect safety, because
that's what they did, every minute.
And perhaps lt would be as well to
break the news gently now that Vsncouver won. That was bscause the
twelve gentlemen ln green played
better lacrosse thsn the twelve In red,
which Is a soft remark that has seldom been msde to recent years.
The aforementioned American citlsen was Inquiring as to the points of
the game. He was obliged by the
scholarly fan who aat on his right:
"Observe the chap In the green sweater wltb No. 8 on his back. That's
MatheBon. He now hss the ball In
his stick. Wlatch him closely. You
perceive that he Is running up the
field. The men to red sweaters are
trying to stop him to order to secure
the bail. They do not succeed. Now
he throws the ball to No. 12, Lalonde,
who—wowl whoop! hooray!—projects
it Into the goal with a velocity that
deceives the eye,  Even Bun Clerk's,"
Henceforth, during this present season of grace, any lover of good sport
who is not ln attendance at each and
every available lacrosse game, may
be discovered feeding the pigeons ln
the park or reading the latest cricket
results from 'ome.
The Labor Journal, the official or-
.ja of the Everett, Wash, Trades
Council, appeared recently In an enlarged edition ot M pages. The
occasion waa lta annual review ot the
ups and downs of labor to Its bailiwick. The paper throughout waa copiously Illustrated with portraits ot
prominent offlclsls and business men,
and also photographs Of publlo buildings, business blocks, etc. The letter
press. too,xwss wan prepared, and
moot credit Is due to Brer. B.' P.
Harsh, the editor, aad to J. B. Camp-
toll, business manager, for tbe success
achieved by this big undertaking.
Tbe ninth report of the International
Trades Union movement published by
Carl Leglen ln Berlin, shows a total
membership In tt countries represent-
ed ln ths International Secretariat of
11,682,818, divided between various
countries sa follows: Germany,
8,061,001; Oreat Britain, 8,010,848;
United States, 2,881,881; France,
1,029,283; Italy, 709,848; Austria,
496,288; Belgium, 188,185; Holland,
153,181; Denmark, 118,314; Sweden,
116,500; Hungary, 85,110; Spain,
80,000; Swltserlaad, 78,118; Norway,
58,880; Finland, 19,640; Croatia, 8,504;
Servla, 8,817; Roumanla, 8,000; Bosnia, 5,517.
What ta 1 would some unionists do
If there were no business agents to'
blame tt on. Blame what ont Oh,
anything, everything. It's enough to
give a reel unionist the pip. Belly-
achers, whtoers, quitters, squawkers,
and boss-lovers make tough sledding
for real men desirous ot bettering
their conditions. Were It not for
union men, who secure snd advance
wages and better the work day, the
poor half-scared grown-up kids would
starve to death. Instead of condemning agitators and unions some of the
non-unionists should io down on their
marrow-bone and thank high heaven
there are men prepared to do tor than
what they are toe blamed cowardly
or Incapable of doing for themselves.
Quite a number of Instances ot doing things for the "honor" or "principle" of tbe thing sre Just a plain
ordinary case of ''business." The
other day a Seattle reporter Went
to Jail rather than cough up where
he got certain Information. This elicited an editorial outburst under the
caption of "The Honor.of a Reporter's Word." As recent arrivals from
the old land would put It what bally
rot! If the reporter had squealed his
Job would be declared vacant by ths
employer Who owned It If he piped
off the source of his information he
would no longer be trusted in that
quarter. And anyway he wasn't protecting hts own hide, but that of his
boas. Honor! Nothing of the sort
Just straight business ssgaclty.
It seems to The Federationist that
the Park Commissioners would
be well advised were they to make a
demand for more money from the city
for the purpose of providing for band
concerts during the summer months,
Instead of lamenting the renewal of sn
appropriation of 21000 by the B. C.
Electric Railway Company. Surely
a city council that has monsy to vote
to the training of boy scouts, protection to property galore and the pur-
chase ot bum water pipes, could find a
way to provide for music to public
parks for those who, after all la said
snd done, foot the total bill. And lt
there Ib to be band concerts st all,
why not, for all the difference ln cost
have union bands furnish ths music'
If the Park Commissioners flnd lt necessary to have more money at their
command, let them ssk for lt from
the city treasury, and not be placed
ln the position of begging for dona-
tlons from private corporations, which
always expect something to return?
A lot of rot Is being peddled by
the dally press these days about how
"foreign" unions are Interfering with
profit-making ln Canada. As a matter
of tact the unions of Canada have
cost the international unions more
cash than they ever took ont of Can.
ada. This statement can be confirmed by the International Typographical Union, the Hachinista'
the Miners', all ot which have paid
out a great deal more to their membership ln Canada than they wtll receive In return for some years. And
every dollar of tt was spent at the
lnatance of the membership In Canada themselvea. Every local union In
Canada, too, has absolute autonomy
over Its own affairs, and no strike
could be called without the majority
of the membenhlp voting for such action. To International officers, always
conservative and prone to shoulder
the responsibility ot financing
strike, to Canada or any place else,
the accusations of dally papers of
"Interference" by "foreign agitators"
must cause no little amusement. Of
course the dally press writers know
better, but—oh well, thst's another
story.
The Shsnghsi, China, Republican
severely criticises President Yuan
Shih Ksl for the cable censorship. It
says to part that he "haa decided to
subject all telegraphic communications passing between Peking and
Shanghai to a rigid censorship. News
relating to such matters as the 8ung
Chlso-Jen case, psrllament, the con
centratlon of troops, etc., Is tabooed.
President Yuan claims to be adhering
to the spirit of the republic. We question his good faith. If, ss he claims,
he has done nothing to merit condemnation In the eyes of hla people,
he hss nothing to fear from a frank
and open revelation of the course of
events. At a time when the nation
more than on any other occasion has
a right to be posted on matters of
vital Importance, the president has
no right to withhold such Information
for no apparent reason whatsoever.
There Is no occasion to keep tblnga
dark, unless, sb we suspect, President
Yuan Is working for his own ends.
Moreover, the government's action la
opposed to the principle of article six
of the provisional constitution, which
guarantees freedom of expression, and
to the accepted Idea of enlightenment
and civilisation."
"One Union In One Industry."
A conference between the National
Stogie Makers' league snd the Cigar
Makers' International Union waa slated for May 20 ln Washington, D. C,
The conference Is the result of the
recommendations of the last convention of the American Federation of
Labor, which urged that efforts be
continued to secure amalgamation of
these two organisations.
The International Association of
Manufacturing Photo-Engravers will
hold Its seventeenth annual convention ln Indianapolis, Ind., June 23, 24
and 25.
St. Paul Electrical Workers.
The members ot the Electrical
Workers' Union, St. Paul, sre to receive a minimum wage of 23.76 for
tbe coming year. The agreement,
which Iras Just been entered Into,
further provides for the eight-hour dsy
and the union shop,
Orgsnlilng Sailors en Lskss,
It Is reported thst the Lake Sea-
men's Union Is having success ln organising the men employed on the
coal and Iron carrying boats on the
great lakes. These boats are mostly
owned by the Pittsburg Steamship
Company, a subsidiary of the United
States Steel Corporation,
Overalls and Glovi
We carry a good stock of Carhartt Overalle, 1
black and striped —
Kentudky Jean——
Buok Brand Overalls _—-,;,i:„ .;■:.:;■.. LOO
Carhartt Gauntlets, •1.60. :..-—. 2,00
E1K. Gauntlets, 76o to........ ,,.. .,....„2,»
m
■SI 'SS,
CLUBB& STEWART
as, -ar,
SHOES FOR MEN
SHOES FOR SERVICE
SHOES TOR DRESS
UNION SNOBS l»OR OOtttOsTT
TOR    EVERV    RETIREMENT
We've picked winnete in Men's Fall Shoee. We're at the earviee
of every nan who dceires the beat shoes his money can boy.
W, J. O R R m__VBBt
Nsaisd Sheen Are r#e**aeatlr
Made 1st Hea-Ualsa r-eelertea
DO NOT BUY ANT SHOE
no matter what Its nana, unless it beam a
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without ths Union Stamp are
always Non-Union.
Beet 0_ Shorn Workes*' Useless
246 Bummer Street Beaten, Mass.    '...
1.1. Tobia, Free.   C. L. Heine, sw.-Trsaa.
Padmore s Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE STREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
YOUR SUMMER S£|T
Should be Tailor-made aad made by Union Talon, fine stock to select {teat
FRED PERRY UborTempte Taih*
Coeasr Hoatt sad Dassault Susan
Hardware and Tools
*J A splendid stook ot the beet in the world'e Market.
We make a specialty ot supplying every need and requirement ot the artisan in our line.
McTAGGART & MOSCROP
7 Hastings Street West -Phone Seymour 814
Get Your Money's Worth
FIGHTING TUBERCULOSIS
Label
The use of the label on your printing (no extra cost to you)
will help us do our duty in fighting tuberculosis
Take Home a
Case Today
You will be glad to have
this pure Beer to serve to
your family. It's brewed
from the purest mountain
water in America. Aged
and bottled right. Contains the nourishment of
Canadian Barley and the
tonic properties of finest
Hops. At all dealers.
Pints, $1 the Dozen
Quarts, $2 the Dozen
w$L
Brewed and Bottled in Vancouver by
Vancouver Breweries, Limited ~*wa
aaa
aaaaa
PAGE POtJB
Money-Saving Prices
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
House Furnishings
See the Province and World eaoh day tor
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town oustomers
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A, Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
STRIKE ON
Miners Keep Away
t'FHE strike is still on at the
1 Queen Mine ind Silver
Dollar, at Sheep Creek, B. C.
All working men urged to stay
away until thia strike ia settled.
Obdib Yw« Himms' TJkion
SWEATERS
| For All Occasions
Per yschtlng, motor boating,
tramping, camping, hunting, golfing, stalling, fishing, touring, pick-
nicking, loafing or working.
T. B. Cuthbertson
* COMPANY, LIMITED
346 Hastings W.  eW Qranvlll.
818 Hastings W.
MULCAHY'S CAFETERIA
THE BEST OF
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
FOR RELIABLE ''BARGAINS'*
See
W. TURNER'S
namm stook
Stoves, Ranges, Crockery, Fur
nltiire and Household Goods,
Furniture Moving, Packing
and Storage.
BBS GRANVILLE STREET
Phone Ssy. 1748
HASTINGS
Furniture Co,
LIMITED
Wide-Awake Furniture
Cempeay, limited
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3887
EAST END GYCLERY
108 Heatings Street East
Agent tor
INDIAN
Motocycles
MASSEY-HARRIS
BICYCLES
Cyolss   for  Hire
Expert Repairing
W. H. Morrison
Phone Seymour 2794
FOR EXPERT
WATCH
and Jewelery
REPAIRING
CALL AND SUB
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hastings Street West
SULTAN TURKISH BATHS
Most up-to-date Bsths In the city.
Hot Room, Stesm Room, Mss-
asps snd Swimming Tshk. All
Included for Ons Pries, 81,00.
BA8EMENT HOLDEN BLDG.
Hsstings snd Carrall Sta.
Pets Bancroft, Prop.
QQWITH
THE
BUNCH
TO THE
BRUNSWICK
POOL ROOMS
Mr. Union Man
Here is the plaoe to
buy a union-made .
HAT
We carry the largest
assortment of union-
made bats in
SOFT
STIFF
TWEED
VELOURS
—IN CANADA
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Haatings and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
92.00 HaU
C. M. O'Brien for Edson Riding
lt Is possible thst C. H. O'Brien may
I agsin cstch a place In the   Alberta
legislature.    Edson   riding   will   be
thrown open  by the resignation of
IC. W. Cross, who wss also elected la
Edmonton, and 0, M. will probably
I contest the by-election,
Cosst Bssmsn's Journal Editorship,
Psul Scbarrenberg will succeed
Welter MacArthur as editor of the
Coast Seamen's Journal, at San Francisco, neit week, the letter having received appointment as shipping commissioner.
Ambiguous,
Grafton Hsll, the seminary for girls.
Is without heat or light.   Hundreds of
chickens have been drowned by the
flood.—Milwaukee V It       «
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription 11 Par Year
Miners' Magaiine 60S Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Cblorsdo
JEFFS & CO.
714 MAIN STREET
Specialists in Men's Wear-Men's Straw Hats
Boater etylea with medium crown and
broad brim. In best makes, f 1.25 and
 <1.75
SEE OUR SPECIAL PANAMA HATS AT$5
Full range of Working Shirts, Oloves, Etc.
always on hand
NO TIOUBLE TO SHOW GOODS    ,
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY
.....JtJNE 6, 1118
AMONG THE LOCAL UNIONS
Bakers Want Lsw Enforced.
Local 46, Bakers, at their lsst meeting decided to ssk the civic police
oommlesoners to enforce the provisions ot the Provincial Bakeshops Act,
and, as a starter, have addressed the
following letter to the commissioners:
"The Bakery and Confectionery
Workers' International Union of America, Local No. 46, ot Vancouver, st a
meeting held ln Labor-Temple on Hay
31, unanimously decided to emphatically object to the action taken by
some magistrates In passing suspended sentences against parties violating
the provisions of the Provincial Bake-
sbops Act.
"We therefore appeal to your honorable body to take this matter up,,
and, If possible, see to it that violat-.
ors of the above set be punished in
accordance with the provisions regarding penalties ss set forth ln the
statutes."
FIRST-HAND STORY
OF VANCOUVER ISLAND
MINERS'STRIKE
(Continued from Page One.)
cers a chance to adjust the difficulty,
yet when endorsement is given and action authorised that authority Is wilfully misconstrued by the opponents
of organized labor ss "domination" by
an outside authority,
Fable ef "Unwilling Strikers"
The story has been, widely circulated
that the Nanalmo miners have been
forced upon an unwilling strike. A
moment's refection will show the utter absurdity ot sny person or group
compelling over two thousand men to
quit work unwillingly. Thst some may
hsve been unwilling Is proven by the
fact that a mere fraction of the men
are still outside of the union and lt Is
among those and from those that the
canard has emanated.
We should hear less of the "unwilling' story It lt were also understood
that tbe mine owners caused a ballot
to be taken as to whether work would
continue or not and only .400 out of
over 2000 men went to the courthouse
to ballot, while thirty-eight of theee
voted for strike.
The action of the 1500 non-voters
was that of a discontented majority
wbo had csased work till better terms
were sssured. Thst the mine owners
recognise the true position of affairs
Is shown by the fact that none of the
mines are being operated and even
the alleged contented and satisfied
group are not working. The real operative miners are now In the organisation.
Strikers Receive Benefits
Strike pay Is being received by the
men at the rate of 14 per week per
msn, with an additional J2 for a wife
snd $1 per head for each child. A
man with a wife and five children
will thus receive (11 per week.- As
the miners' wage at its best wss only
$3.30 per day and drivers 12.86 per
day, miners with families sre being
almost as well cared tor as when at
work. With a membership of 400,000
the United Mine Workers can continue
this indefinitely.
The organization has 1600 men on
the strike roll at Cumberland and
Ladysmlth. The bollowness of the
cosl owners' cry against -"foreigners"
Is shown hy the fsot that they have
275 Chinese and 12E Japanese working as strikebreakers at Cumberland,
along with 100 white men who hsve
been Imported from various points
from outside the Dominion.
' The number of miners withdrawn
lsst September from Cumberland was
1200, so that the company Is still some
TOO short. At Ladysmlth the number
withdrawn was 850 snd the strikebreakers working number less than
100.
There are some Asiatics employed
at Ladysmlth also, who In common
with those at Cumberland are being
employed contrary to the laws of the
province ss embodied ln the Coal
Mines Regulations Act The miners
go so far as to claim that the act Is
more honored In the breach than ln
the observance.
There have been eighty families
evicted trom company's houses at
Cumberland.
Since the strike started the district
officers bave turned their salaries into
the strike funds and are on strike pay
asms as the rest of ths men,
The men have conducted a peaceful
strike In the face of somewhat wanton
provocation, as wss the case last May
Day, when the mine superintendent
at Ladysmlth Extension Mines marshalled his hundred strlksbreakers
and marched them through the streets
of Ladysmlth.
Such sctlon could only Invite trou
hie, and, fortunately, most of the msle
population was at the May Day sports
at the time the parade took place, The
miners declare that the stillness and
peace of the Islsnd ts getting Irksome
to their opponents. It wtll be noted
that the officers especially urge the
use of peaceful methods.
Authority Prom Internstlonsl Union
The letter to tbe local officers from
the International officer having charge
of the district, which conveys the endorsement of the Internstlonsl union
to ths proposed action on the part of
the Vancouver Island membership Is
given below ss also the circular from
the president of the district conveying this endorsement to the membership. These documents practically
summarise the general sltustlon from
the miners' standpoint and Indicate the
methods by whtcb a satisfactory solution may be reached In the present
difficulty:
April 30, 1913,
"Mr. Robert Foster, president District
18, United Mine Workers of America, Nanalmo, B. C.
Dear Sir and Brother,—A number of
months ago, Mr. John P. White, president of the United Mine Workers of
America, Invited the mine owners operating on Vancouver Island to attend
a conference to formulate a Joint
agreement covering working conditions In the mines on Vancouver Island. This Invitation received no
response from the mine owners. Instead, the Canadian Collieries Company forced the men ot Cumberland
and Ladysmlth Into a strike which has
now lasted more than seven months.
"During this strike the men of Nanalmo and South Wellington have not
heen called upon to suffer any per
sonal Inconvenience or financial loss.
However, the other companies operating on the Island are co-operating
with the Canadian Collieries Company
ln a boneless effort to defeat the men
of Cumberland and Ladysmlth.
"Therefore, using the authority
given me by President White, and In
order that we may combat solidarity
with solidarity, I hereby Instruct you
Amalgsmkted Carpenters
As our regular scribe, Bro. McBwen,
has had the misfortune to fall off a
roof and break three ribs, the duty of
penning a few lines to our local labor
paper this week falls upon his under
study; however, we all trust that our
active secretary will at least be able
to attend to Ills clerical duties next
week, ss he Is now progressing favorably with the aid ot a big walking
stick.
Trade conditions are very quiet for
this time of the year, and consequently
lots of our members are hunting for
Jobs, Which.are hard to find.. On the
other hand ,we notice lots of Jobs
working full blast on Saturday afternoons, snd it Is pretty near time we
began to make a howl and take a
stand on the Saturday half-holiday
question. Get busy, delegates from the
Building Trades unions, and give the
matter publicity In the Central Body.
Organising work would be much
easier If trade was brisker, but even
under existing conditions our field
agents have done fairly well during
the month of May, as we Increased our
local fund treasury to ths tune ot
(160 from entrance tees, and there is
more following along the line,
We also bad several members from
the lend of kangaroos and good cricketers, who came over on the new Australian liner Niagara, about a dosen
all told, and tbey report trade quiet
In the large cities of Australia.
One of these members Is an old-time
Vancouverlte, and during the past
fourteen months he haa travelled
around the world and deposited hts
amalgamated card In three different
countries, which proves what a real
International union Is worth to Its
members.
A few members have come In on
clearance from the British Isles during
the past month or two, snd they state
trade Is pretty good in the old country
—-In tact, one of the boys, after sizing
up local conditions, Is returning, bo I
guess he will let a few more over there
know what to expect here at the present time.
MC.'S UNDERSTUDY.
Victoria Longshoremen
Better working conditions, which
were secured for Victoria Longshoremen st the I, L. A. convention at San
Pedro, and which went into effect on
June 1, were outlined to The Fed. by
James Hook, president of the local 38,
series 46, snd Peter Fisher, who. hss
been chosen ss the delegate to represent British Columbia at the Boston
convention this month.
The new schedule Is as follows:
Wage scale on general cargo Is now 46
cents per hour during the dsy, and 65
per hour during the night and on
holidays; the hours of work from June
1 on will be nine each day Inetesd of
ten.
The action of the convention and the
terms arranged were endorsed at a
local conference last week, at which
representatives were present from the
Canadian Pacific railway, from R. P,
Rithet's, from the Victoria ft Victoria
Stevedoring Company, from the Empire Stevedore Company, Maple Leaf
Line, Evans, Coleman & Evans, snd
from the two branches of the Japan-
ese lines.
Mr. Fisher states that ths men
whom the new conditions best affect
are those who hsndle dirty coal, plaster, cement and nitre, tor the seals ot
psy ln their case hss been lncressed
from a straight rate of 40 cents per
hour for day work and 60 cents for
nights snd bolldsys, to a higher one of
50 and 75. This Is a very substantial
increase.
Louis F. Post Appelntad.
Tbe assistant secretary of the
United States Department of Labor
has been selected, Louis V. Post, of
Chicago, having been appointed to
that position. Mr. Post Is a well
known editor, author, lawyer, and
lecturer.
to call a strike of all the men employed ln and around all the mines at
Nanalmo, South Wellington and Jingle
Pot, the strike to begin May 1 and to
continue until a Joint working agreement between the United Mine Workere of District 28 snd the mine owners
on Vancouver Islsnd has been secured;; said agreement to carry Increased prices for labor snd Improved
conditions of employment.
"Vou will plesse see that a force ot
men sufficient to protect mining property Ib permitted to work ao long as
the companies do not attempt to ship
coal. All other men should be urged
to Join the strike.   .
"Vou should also exert every effort
to prevent unlawful or abusive tactics
by the men during tbls contest, and
you will also make a diligent effort
to secure the names of ail men who
refuse to respond to .the call to strike
so they may be published throughout
Canada, Oreat Britain and the United
States.
"The men involved, union and nonunion, will receive the flnanclal support of the International Union as long
as the strike lssts.   .
"This decision hss been reached
only after months of mature consideration. The time la now here for the
men of Nanalmo and South Wellington
to prove their worth.. tt they show
the same fighting spirit as their brothers of Cumberland and Ladysmlth,
May 1 will see the dawning of brighter
days for the mine workers on Vancouver Islsnd.
"Tours fraternally,
"FRANK FARRINGTON,
"Representing International Union."
The Loesl President's Message to the
' April 30, 1913.
"Having heen of the opinion for
Borne time that ln order to obtain any
Improvement tn wages snd conditions
for the mine workers of-this Island,
that lt would be necessary tor them
to act ln unity, to bring sll the pressure to bear on tbe operators thst
they could simultaneously, believing
that the proposition submitted by our
district convention,'through our acsle,
committee, to tbe representatives of
the different companies should be
considered by a conference of scale
committees representing both the operators and the miners, and since tbe
companies have Ignored all our efforts
to bring about a conference and adopt
or amend and adont the proposition
submitted snd thereby secure sn amicable and peaceful settlement of all our
differences.
"I. therefore, svall myself of the
privilege granted by the International
representative, Bro, Farrington, and
the recommendation of the convention
hereinbefore mentioned, and declare a
strike at all of the coal mines on the
Island, and ask all miners to cesse
work until ths companies concede
them an advance ln wagea proportionate to the advanced cost of living,
fair working conditions and an agreement specifying those wages and con-
dttlons of employment, said agreement to be entered Into by and between the United Mine Workers of
America and the coal companies of
this district.
"ROBERT FOSTER.
"President District No. 28, U.M.W.
of A."
Government Intervention    -
When the trouble started last September, the miners made repeated at-
tempts to secure the Intervention of
the Provincial and Dominion author!'
ties.' Premier McBride saw no reason
to interfere and the minister of labor
refused a board under the Lemleux
Act. Now, however, when the men
have been driven to completely close
down the Island mines, the. minister
of lsbor without application sent Ms
agent and offered the services of the
department.
The miners also state tbat since
May 1 the premier of British Columbia
has sent s verba! message that he
would be willing to do something In
the Ladysmlth and Cumberland dispute. The miners feel, however, that
after seven months of neglect on the
pert of these authorities that the only
method left to them to pursue ts their
present course of directly seeking an
agreement between tbe miners and the
coal owners.
A visitor to the camp of the miners
will not be Impressed with the amount
nf admiration which the miners hsve
for government departments.
The Granite Cutters
The Granite Cutters ot Mo'ntresl
have signed an agreement with tbe
employers, which provides a settlement for tour years, from May 1,1918,
to May 1,1917, three yeara at 42 cents
per hour, and 50 cents for fourth yesr.
The old bill was 87*4 cents per hour.
Robert Smart, of Vancouver^ writing
to the Granite Cuttera' Journal, says:
'As a matter of fact, we are badly
ln need of something to start up.
Some of our members have loafed for
four or five months, and with the
general depression which exists ln our
vicinity in the meantime, to the best
of my knowledge, I csn see no Immediate relief.
However, this does not apply to our
own particular craft, I am informed,
on good authority, tbat In other lines,
conditions are of a graver nature.
I have occasion to pass a point
every morning where a new bridge Is
under construction. They say aU
roads lead to Rome, but it seems to me
the scene diverges on this particular
occasion, and really lt is almost pathetic to watoh that mob crowding
around ln the vain hope of some being
wanted, and lt needs no words of mine
to determine the conditions those men
are working under. I have no doubt
those hiring unskilled labor are about
as quick to take advantage of a flooded
market, aa some ot those pertaining
to the granite business, and I presume
most of us have had the club waved
over our hesd.
The Granite Cutters' Journal, official
organ of the Granite Cutters' International Associstion of America, prints
this notice:—"To All Whom It May
Concern: Tbls statement conveys snd
hears testimony thst after the Springtime of 1916 the minimum wage rate
for members ot this Association will
be not less than 84 per day ot eight
hours, and not later than tbe Springtime of 1913, members of this Association will all enjoy the Saturday half-
holiday."
Guelph Molders Win Out
The Molders' Union at Guelph, Ont.
have had their demands conceded by
two firms, but two othen' are still
holding out. The new schedule
provides for a raise of 26 cents on day
work and from 6 to 10 per cent, on
piece work, making the day wage
83,25, piece work $4.10. A stiff fight
to secure a settlement with the Raymond Manufacturing Co. and the
Gllson Engine Co. Is ln progress, and
the striking molders feel sure of victory. The strike hss had a good
moral effect upon other unionists in
the Royal City of the cent belt, and
the value of organization is more appreciated. One of the fighting Molders is Aid. W. B. Parker, elected at the
beginning of the year.
Bartenders' Old Naw Businsss Agent.
Geo. W, Curnock, an old-time member and business agent of the local
Bartenders' Union, will succeed A.
McDonald as agent, temporarily at
least. The regular election of officers
will take place at the first meeting
In July. "Curly" used to figure In
central labor body circles before the
days of the present new Uabor Temple,
and his decision to once more get
bsck Into harness will be welcome
news to those acquainted with his
capacity for union work,
Toronto Osrpenters Strike.
The carpenten' strike materialised
last Tussday at Toronto when the
whole of the carpenten ot the two
big unions, the Amalgamated Society
of Carpenten and the Brotherhood of
Carpenters, left work because the In-
cresse In wages to 45 cents an hour
wss not granted, and because the
bosses again took up their old position of not negotiating the matter
with the men Involved. Latest advices show that sufficient employen
have signed up to put nearly all the
strikers at work under the new schedule.
Too Msny Csrpenten.
The carpenten of Medicine Hat,
Alberta, bave Warned those following
that trade to stay away from the
place. Labor conditions then an
very unsettled.
There are about twenty carpenten
to every Job In Raymond, Wash.
Carpenters are requested to stay
away from St. John, N. B. "The boom,
which Is supposed to be on In St.
John, Is nothing but a boom In real
estate," says The Carpenter.
Good and Reliable
WINES
and LIQUORS
Always to be had at the
Imperial Wine
Company
54 Cordova Street Wist
Phonk Sey. 955
If you have a range to buy,
choose our
"Empress"
Malleable Range
It is the only range that gives absolute
satisfaction. Everybody who'examines the
Empress Range is most favorably impressed
with it, Everybody who has used an Empress Range says it is absolutely satisfac-
tory
The body of the EmpresB is made of No.
18 guage polished steel. The steel will not
rust, chip, peel or turn white when heated.
It will riot warp or crack. Hand-driven Norway iron rivets with cone heads hold the
walls securely and firmly in place.
No expense has been spared in making
a durable, long lasting range that will give
perfect satisfaction. Buy no other range
until you have seen the Empress Malleable,
We have it in four sisies, at these prices:
$67.50, $70.00. $72.00, $75.00
RANGE SECTION-TOP FLOOR
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER. OF OEANVTLLE AND GEORGIA
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANOOUVER,  B.  0.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
THE MUSICIANS UNION
v».t5jffii/.
wish to announce that Mr. Franklin and members of his orchestra
are not members of the Musicians
Union. When engaging music for
your next dance or social, make
sure that your Orchestra is com-,
posed of UNION musicians.
Far lull Inlormstten Phone Musicians' Union
Sey. 7815.  640 loheon Street
Berry Bros.
Agents (or Cleveland Cyelea,
"The ateyele wttk tne aspatsties"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
eis Mamma am. a.
""toss Seyswss TIPS	
.  PATRONIZE    B     C.     rnDBRATIOKlST
ADVSmTISERS—AND TBLI, THBSI  WHY
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Herses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.    Phone Sey. 798
Select your Cigars from Baxes^bearing this Label
CO-OPERATION
IS NECESSARY
■ ■■■■■■. i       ,_!_.. —i———■——.-m. .1 ———p-fpp—i—p.-m
Give Your Paper, the B. C. Federationist;
a Lift Financially by Subscribing Now
. The B, C. Federatlonist belongs to you, Mr. Union Man ot British
Columbia.' No outBlde Interest hss one cent Invested In lt. Being
owned and controlled hy unton men. Its success depends solely upon
the interest and fidelity shown lt by the workers of ths province,
The managing editor Is working tor you at so much per week. He
can make your business a success lust to such a degree ss you
choose to help him. Like every other workmen, he must have equipment before he can get results.worth while. If you choose to with,
hold your help, neither the present edltor-msnager or sny other man
can make the paper the success If should be, can place It and keep
It where it can be of the greatest service to you snd ths labor movement In BrlUsh Columbls. ,
To make a auccess of a newspaper, either a labor paper or any
other, the paper must have subscriptions: and advertisements. The
people who benefit by the work of the paper must read if anil pay
for It, and the men who sell to the consumers who read the paper
will gladly use Its advertising columns because the advertising pays,
With active support on these two lines, The B. C.'Federatlonist csn
easily hold the position as.the strongest paper of Its class on ths
Pacific Coast.
Are you doing your share? Are you doing it freely or grudgingly? Have you sent copies to friends who should be Interested In
Its work"? Have you had sample copies sent from the offlce to nonunion workers of your acquaintance ln an effort to Interest them In
unionism and better conditions of labor?
Are you knocking because the paper Is not wbat It ought to be?
Are you letting "George Do It," -while loyal .union men are carrying
the .burden alone? Do you knock because the paper does some of
the things, yon dislike, when you are not paying a cent toward Its
maintenance nor lending a hand toward lta growth?
Get on the Firing Line and do Your Share.
You Will Feel Better, and the Labor
Movement in B. C. will be Strengthened

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