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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 24, 1913

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-;   r I   - -Y^ig^*'.??*' ■ "I
*^IFTHYEA8.   NO. 94
No. 704.' Watch" your address label
YM!0ovy^-^.i^:^_mi januaby % ifc-i&
< g lectil to The B, C. Federatlonist)
' £ VICTORIA, Jan. 20.—'ihe proceed-
r|i today were ot a quiet nature, the
/ S* let Interest centering on f. Wll-
; s imi' speech In reply to the ipeeoh
■« om the throne.: That portion of hli
•Peach pertaining' to laoor conslitett
enleny of a criticism of th* personal
of tbe lsbor commission.
doing back a tew years, he reviewed
the many appeals that organised labor
bad mad* to the government for legls-
lition, with no return, and then the
circumstances leading up to tne appointment ot tbe present commission,
Th*t there wu a commliilon at all
wai due to the,fact that the uiual
govarnment promises were becoming
■o moth-eaten, and an election wu
ia light, so that It wai considered
"out to pacify labor with a commission. ..-■■•>'••
tie understood that the Federation
had been promised representation on
thla-body, and, in tact, Mr. Hawthornthwalte offered the suggestion tbat tbe
representatives of labor ihould be
consulted on the matter. '■
H* Utter understood that a committee ot three wu to be appointed,
consisting of Messrs. Hawthornthwalte, Jardlne and Parsons. But
nv* or six weeks later a vary differ
ent kind ot a labor commission -wu
HI* theory wu that the Canadian
Northern, Norton Griffith combination, didn't like the flrat arrangement
•nd consequently brought preuure to
bear on the government, with the pre-
unt mult,
Then followed, vigorous criticism of
th* makeup of the commission, con-
. treating ita calibre u compared with
th* municipal or the agricultural com-
minions, which win composed of
men thoroughly familiar with their
work..' ■..'....
Whereu four out of Sre of the labor
communion had no practical experience ot labor condition!, the chairman, Persons, wu a merchant, another wu a lawyer, McKelvey wu a
newspapor editor snd landowner, Jardlne wis a contracting painter, so
tour of then men were by every tie
r*pnuntattvu of tht employers.
They wouldn't even make a decent
arbitration board,
Stoney wu the only skilled worker.
th»re. . Jardlne bad don* nothing In
th* house of- particular Interest to
tebor, although he had voted In favor
ot meuura* Introduced by himself or
Parsoni had voted against everything introduced In labor's name.
. tn summing up the whole matter
P. Williams declared the whole thing
wo* * gold, brick, and an Insult to
•very wig*-w0rk*r In British Columbia.
Considerable oritlclsm, in.th* usual
caustic manner, wu levelled* at other
department* of government endeavor
and concluding, he said, he could And
no legislation or. reform Hsu to the
credit of tk* government, but a horde
of Inipacton, other offlcisis, poor relation*, had 'been futened on to tbe
The ooit of lut year'i government
wu over (41) per head, and all that
could be shown wu buy generalities,
nothing at all.
Tuesday, Jan. 81.—The debate was
resumed by Premier McBride, who, in
an oration of two hours, covered almost everything done or undone In
British Columbia, and Indulged in the
uiuil glorification of the conservative
party, tbe flag, "our" country, etc. Referring to P. Wllllimi' condemnation
of the labor commluion, he replied
that the Composition of tbe commission wss tn every way fair; tbat the
men wen all honorable private citl
sens, and Mr: Stoney wu in every
way capable ot representing labor, He
claimed that the only thing that
would appear to be suitable to P. Williams was one composed wholly' ot
labor men wblch would be most un'
fair,. Another brilliant saying of tbe
premier'! wu the old- gig: What
would labor do without capital! Both
sides were entitled to a hearing. Thli
was not a government of classes, but
of all the people, which the majority
of the people are prepared to endone.
Amid other things touched on wu
the great way the province wu being
opened up, and how unenviable th*
lot of labor would be without large
capital would come In and and develop "our" resources.
-Another study of the government Is
that all worken who come to thla
provinoe shall be able, to* And work
todo, .-■■
Legislation wu promised before
next session on the Oriental queitlon,
u the white man cannot compete with
the yellow. The government wu leaving nothing undone In this reipect.
After, the premier'! speech the
house adjourned.
' The socialist memben promise a
lively time, .tor so small sn opposition, when the Cumberland strike
matter Is brought up.
SUDBURY, Jan. 22.—Severe sentences were Imposed yesterday on labor
men "connected with the Porcupine-
strike. Wm. Halowatiky and Peter
Oleary, convicted of urging employee!
of tbe Holllnger mines to go on strike,
were fined (600 or 80 day* in Jail; P.
Orowta for going on strike, was lined
(50 Or 60 days.
Decision in other cases was postponed. Two men, Keysavich aad Hoi-
Uk, were dismissed on a charge of assault and robbery after they had been
held without bail for seven dayi, Appeal! are being prepared In the case*
of the convicted men. '
Editor B.C. Federationist--The cases
against Wm. Holowstiky ind Peter
Cleary for inciting the employe! of the
Holllnger. Mining Co. to go on strike
and continue on strike, and against
Percy Croft tor going on strike In violation of the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, November 15,1812, were
tried by Magistrate Thomas Torrence
on Jan. «, the court taking until the
14th, to consider the cases. They were
again postponed on Jan. 14 until Jan.
21, Magistrate Torrence being absent,
the other cue, let for hearing the
same date for violations of th* industrial disputes investigation act, were
alio postponed.
Apparently the capitalist clan of
Canada are not ln a hurry to have
these cases decided. If tbe canes go
against the strikers and the so-called
strlke-lnolters, the -Mlnen' Union intends to appeal them.
This will give the working clus an
opportunity to study and investigate
this obnoxious law, which is being
used by the employers of, labor In Canada to cripple labor orgamatlons and
gives the capitalists the power to set
the time and place for any struggle
tbat may take place on the Industrial
field between the employers and their
rebellious wage slaves.
On the other hand,.a decision in
favor of the strikers would show tbe
working class a way to get around this
obnoxious law. The decision of the
court Is anxiously awaited by the
striken and the general public.
Three of the five mine owners who
inaugurated the reduction ln wages,
vis., the Vlpondj the Plenarlum and
The Modern Atlas
Wot only are they
tnre, but thar are
union m*d*, snd no
anion nan ihonld
wssr say oftsr Mud.
Ths foot thst they
sn union mod*
provei that they are
wall mad*, sad the
asms "Pssbody" if
your quality guana-
Fee Sal. kr
COMPARE THEM—Note tho fit, yardage, number
of pocketi, finish, eto.' There's no other overall that
csn hold a candle with them for good value*.
LOOS AT THE JACKETS—They ore equally
good. Not* ths gauntlet cuffs, and the uniform band
collar, and then you'll be satisfied there's only one
good jacket, and that's the one made by Peabody.
For Sale at the
Hudson's Bay Stores
The third annual-convention of the
British Columbia Federation of Labor
Is now a matter of record. It convened at Victoria lut Monday morning.' and otoced lta sessions on Thursday evening. ■    .
Nearly a hundred resolution! received the consideration of the 78 delegate! preient, all of which have bean
pused upon and referred to the Incoming executive committee for summarisation, and ln turn io be presented to the executive council of the provincial government.
A complete official report of the proceedings of the convention Is printed
■t length ln this week's Issue of the
B. C. Federationist. .
President J. W. Wilkinson and Vice-
presidents B. u. Grant, McVety and
Pettipiece' declined to stand tor reelection, ■ .  ,
The officers for the ensuing term
President—Christian Slverti, Victoria
Becretary-treuurer—V. R. Mldgley,
Vice-presidents—DelB. Taylor, Ladysmlth; Kavanagh and Ferris, Vancouver; Watchman and Burnes, Victoria;
Gray, Fernle; Cuthbertson, Greenwood.
The next convention wilt be held at
New Westminster, for the Int time
away from the Capital City.
Nelson will be out for the following
convention.* '
The question or whether proportion*! representation will b* Instituted
by the Federation or not will be the
subject of a referendum vote of the
membership during the coming year.
The convention accepted the recommendation of the executive committee's report that the offer of Vancouver Trades - atiu ^bor- Council to
dispose of a half Mere*! ln the B. <*.
Federatlonist; Ud., for the nominal
payment of 2200, to cover cost ot Incorporation, be concurred In, '
Deli. Wilkinson and Watchman
were elected as delegates to the next
convention of tbe Trades and Labor
Congress of Caaada and the Wuhing-
ton Stat* Federation of Labor respectively.
Report* ot o&tcera ihowed a due*-
ptyln* afflllatlon of clou to 12,000
members, with the per capita tax remaining at 2 centi per month per
" While thtt convention expreuad regret that the Federation wa* not re-
presented on the recently appointed
provincial royal commission to Inquire
Into Industrial condition* throughout
th* province, It wu decided, tbat for
the sske of giving pubUclty to Labor's
needs and requirements, to have representatives of the Federation appear
before the commluion and lubmit evidence at the Vancouver sessions next
month..'.- ..'
Every school of political thought In
tha province wu represented at the
convention, and, naturally enough,
'there were differences of opinion, but
all the delegates wen fairly wall
agreed upon essentials. >
The convention will prove an historical one ln the realm*-of Labor In
British Columbia, and will be the immediate subject of discussion among
unionists for the next few month* at
tbe Jupiter, are now entirely closed
down, the pumps b"<-'» been taken out,
and the underground workings are
flooded. The offlcen of the Mclntlre,
another ot the five, are being tried In
the court! In New Tork for stock
swindling and using the malls to de.
fraud. This company haa a few strikebreakers worklne who are killing and
maiming each other. TheMcIneny, the
fifth mine In the original combine to
reduce wages, Is not doing any actual
mining, though they have a few Incompetents on the payroll whom the
stookholdbn can lupport during tbe
winter months.
The Thiel Detective Agency hu Itl
operative! scouring the mining districts of Michigan, Wisconsin and
Minnesota, also the mining districts
of the western states and British Columbia in an endeavor to recruit
strike-breakers, but have not succeeded
in getting any competent mlnen,    ,
The miners are determined to continue the fight until tbe eight-hour I
day Is established. All attempts of the
mine ownen and police to split the
worken on race lines have failed; the
wage slaves have learned trom experience to beware ot theBe reptiles, wbo
ln the guise ot friends attempt to set
the worken against each other.
Tbe Thiel men are still on the
ground, busy plotting and planning.
The Ontario police are apparently ln
their fullest confidence. The Thiel gunmen are not so insultng and overbearing as ln tbe beginning ot the strike,
but lt Is necessary to do something in
order to deceive the mine ownen Into
the belief that they are useful to them,
otherwise they would get discharged
and would have to return to the slums
where they came from.
The worken should be careful and
not be trapped Into acting u strikebreakers, by heeding the falsehoods
which the agents of the mining companies are continually circulating
through the dally papen.
Stay away from Porcupine until you
are notified through the labor paper,
your own papen, that the strike Is
Member Porcupine Mlnen' Union.
South Porcupine, Jan. 15,
Sleeted Xjut M«M as Fieellsst Tea-
craves True* ud Saber OoueU.
Porcupine,   Ont.,
strike.   Keep away.
miners  still  on
A. F. of L. Membinhlp
Secretary Morrison of tbe A. F. of
L. reports sn increase in membership
of 134,000 during the past three months
anu predicts a further substantial lncreue between now and the Beattle
convention In November.
Van Anda Local of tbe Western federation of Mlnen hu
made application for ah Increase
of 50 cents per day, which would
give them 24.00. Should the request not be compiled with the
miners will call for a board
under tbe federal Industrial disputes act.
Haywood Coming to Vanoouver.
W. D. Haywood wlU addreu a man
muting here ln Dominion theatre on
Thursday, Feb. 18.
A Good Showing
Christian Slverti, president-elect oi
the B. C. Federation of Labor, polled
994 votei aa an aldermanlc candidate
in the Capital City last week.
' Labor In Ontario Civics.
. St Thomu, London, and Guelph,
Ont, have elected a quota of Labor
aldermanlc candidate! this year, for
the tint time at least In Guelph. Encouraged .by results, the unionists of
Ontario are warming up for next
year's flght, when, full tickets will be
placed ln the Held In a number of Instances.
DI8TRICT 8, W. F. OF M.,
District 6, Western Federation
of Mlnen, has completed Its affiliation with the Trade* and
Labor Congress of Canada During the past week J. W. Wilkinson, organizer for British Columbia and Alberta, received the
flrat Instalment ot per capita
tax, which hss already been tor-
warded: tq ,See.-Tr*as. f. M.
Draper. The, metalliferous
mlnen a-e how an Integral part
ot every unit of'the labor movement In 'avada, and will, It oan
be dep'ei del won, continue to
make tl em lelvei felt In tbe
councils )f .abor.
Pilntui' Local, 18*.
At last meeting of Painters' Local,
138, arrangements were made with ■
view to signing up some of the ibopi
that have for some time put been
. employing non-union men. A number
of then shops bave signified their
willingness to come to a better understanding with the Local. At the next
session of the provincial Industrial
commluion lt li the Intention of the
Palntera' Union to preient evidence
showing the evils resulting from the
continued re-kalsomlnlng and re-
papering of ceilings and walls In
places occupied by human beings, with
a view to having the commission
recommend that legislation be enacted
compelling all property ownen to
have all old kalsomine and paper removed trom such walls and ceilings
before being re-papered or re-kalso-
There wu a sptaadld turnout of
delegate* at tb* adjourned atuttng of
the Tradei. ud Ubor Cornell lut
Thursday evening, * nambtr bt n*w
memben bavins b**B*u*t*d from var>
ion* affiliated unions.  Pruldut Kev
in connection with ta* proposed
Moon carnival it wu decided to uk
tb* promoter* to nod a d*l*gatlon to
•xptaln th* venture mora titty Iwfora
th* council took aay actloa.
Delegate Midgtey reported prograu
for th* Bdieatlooal Commltte*.
Delegate MoVety reported lor th*
special commltte* appelated to tatw-
vt*w th* civic tutborltiu r**rdln*
th* propoud Fain Greek igresauat
with tb* C. N. R. Outlook tor *m*nd-
mente dnlred w*re hopeful, la tact
the trend of th* report tadloated a
mora favorable reception to Labor re-
pnnntatlvu around th* city hall than
wu th* e*u l**f yur.
Tbe neceulty of putting * "crimp'
lh private employment agaadn, by
placing evldenos before th* provincial
Royal Ubor Commlnloa wu urged
by the committee newtly named to
Inquire Into condition* on conjunction
work on Vancouver blond, and men
direct from th* ctapi will be **es*f*d
to giv* fint-haad •viluo*. .
. Tb* queitlon of talarglng tk* mom
tad unfutneu of th* Ubor Temple
reading room wu referred back to th*
special committee.
Delegate Plpu reported for th* par-
Uamantary commltte*.
Delegate K*y, of to* Aailgimited
Carpenten. reported trad* ooodltlou
vary dull.' A danoe would be held in
th* Ubor Temple on Feb. 7.
Del. Burkhart, ot th* Barbers, urged
union men to patronln unioa cord
•hop* only.
Delegite Staplu, of th* Palntera, reported trad* quM, but good progreu
being mad* with organisation work.
Delegate William*, of th* Brother
hood of Carpenten, reported, trad*
qul*t A benefit would b* given at aa
early date in *ld of th* widow'of tha
late Bro. Flndlay.
Delegate Jonel of tb* outside Electrical Worken, reported that another
150 had been voted to tbe striking coal
minora of Vauoouvir Island. Would **•
stst In. organisation of tumiten,
Daltgito Dolko, of th* Tallon, reported progreu.
Delegate Hoover, ot th* Stmt Railway Employe*!, reported progress.;
about thirty aaw members a meeting.
Had renewed their subscription In
body to the a O. FediratlonUrt.
DeUgate Ryan, of th* longshoremen,
reported work slack; 75 per unt, out
of employment; eight members In hospital through accidents.
Delegate Blumberg, Steam :
eers, reported prograu.  A n*w wig*
Male would be submitted In the early
Nominations gad UmUm of Officer*.
The eleothm of odlceri for th* Jan.-
June term were all keenly contested,
the but poulbl* evidence ot life and
virility. Following are th* reaoulte:  '
For President—Delegates Benson
(Typo*.), F*rrl* (St Ry. Bmp.)
Benton,' 54; Ferrt*, 11 Benson
For Vlce-Pesldent—Delegates Man-
son, McVety, Burkhart
Flrat ballot—Manson, 25;  McVety.
; Burkhart, 16.
Second ballot— Manson, 41; McVety,
33.  Manson elected.
For General Secretary—Delegates
Wilkinson and Mldgley.
Wilkinson, 46; Mldgley, 23. Wilkinson re-elected.
For Secretary-Treasurer—Delegates
Campbell and Staples.
Campbell, 43; Staples, 24. Campbell
For Statistician—Delegates Herrott,
Foxcroft, McVety, Plpu.
Flrat ballot—Herrott 12; Foxcroft,
19; McVety, 30; Plpei, 11.
Second ballot—Herrott, 5; Foxcroft,
24; McVety, 33.
Third ballot—Foxcroft, 37; McVety,
35.  Foxcroft elected.
For Sergeant-at-armi—Delegate! McVety, Blumberg, Bully, Walker, Jonn.
Firat billot—McVety, 2<; Blumberg,
Sully, 17; Walker, 2 Jonn, 10.
Second ballot—McVety, 27; Sully.
24; Jonei, 13.
Third ballot—McVety, 22; Sully, 34.
Sully elected.   ■   . •
For Truitaw (thro* to elect)—Delegate Hoover, Pin**, Burkhart, Freckelton, Hunt, Jonn, McVety, Trotter,
Mldgley, Walter.
Flnt ballot—Hoover, 22; Plpu, 13;
Burkhart, 13; Freckelton, 14; Hunt,
11; Jonn, 16; McVety, 24; Trotter,
24; Mldgley, 24; Walker, 3.
Second ballot—Hoover, 30; Freckelton, 13; Jones, 22; McVety, 26; Trotter, 27; Mldgley, 24. Mldgley elected.
Third ballot (two to electl-Hoover,
Hi Jon**, 18; McV*ty, 24; Trotter, 22;
HOOTV tlffltsH. ' •*' ■'■''*■?.'"
Fourth billot—McVety, tt; Trotter,
21. Trotter elected.
PnHdwt Kavanagh butelM th*
offleere elect and th* meting Odjovn-
ed *t 11.66 p.m.
President-elect Benson took tbe ehilr
ud in * neat oddrau **k*d far lh*
hnrty ec-op*r»tlon of all dilsgate*.
Tb* Padtlo Cout eooitntot «c th*
International Brlokteyut' Uaiea I* la -
saulon la Vaaooavar this wnk. Tk* -
oonvutloa 1* lars**T *tteod*d sad tk*
local *rlokl*y*r* are nrtelaly taktag
good oar* ot tk* d*l*gats*. Owing to
preuure oa Urn* ud ipae* tal* w**k,
du* to th* pubHeatloa of tk* prooud-
lngi of tk* third annual oonvutton oi
th* R C. F*d*retloB of Ubor. Mo
attempt ha* bun md* to "cov«r* th*
uslgnment, sat a lummary will k*
given nut wuk.
Interior Caller*. .-■"
Ju. Cuthtwrteon, Orerawoed;_ PMty
W. Johnston, Sandoa; John Grey.
Fernle; Robert Oaku, Mich*); 0*0.
McKay, Marria Uk*. w*re Federatlon-
Ist visitors during the put-«>e«*. ■;
Toronto Taltora sn Stflk*
Toronto Tailors, who have bua on
strike for not months, sre amaglas
tor a publicity campaign with th* op*a-
lng ot th* ipring trod*, with a vtMr to
diverting business to th* union shops.
Now that MClal *v*nlng* ire ill th*
rise in Ubor Tempi* w* bur that
th* Iniide Blleotrical Wprkw* tntead
holding a very telect whIM "tttttr
In the coun* of th* nut two wist*.
DeUUi later.
Or. BrydonfrJuk to Addreu Muting.
Dr. W. L. Brydou-Juk wffl (ddm*!
a muting, under th* auspiou of Voar -
couver Tradu and Ubor CoAadl, oa
Thunder, Jan. 20, in Labor Tuspte.
Tb* lubleot of hli addreu will b*
Tuhnlcal Education."
Want ts Minimum Waf* Clin*.
A committee of th* local cutral
labor'body appeared before th* dvlc
bridge and railway* oommltte* during
th* wuk to urg* th* adoption of a II
* day minimum Was* cl*u* ta tk*
proposed agreement with th C. N. R.
relative to th* development 6r Fata* '
OreOk.'-: ■'      .
WbUe praeent tb* councU delegattea
took occasion to condemn private employment bureau and urg*d tk* re-
adoption of fre* diic buna*.
Plumber* Md Stumfltter*.
Local 170 ot Plumber* ud Stum-
Utters' ar* going along aiuly, aad,
Bulnu* Asrnt Bngolf report* that
good headway I* being inad* with nr-
ganliaUon work, a tew members twin* InlUated every month.  To SMUT*
more punctual attendance on tb* part.
of some of the "longitopdt-iw»y' mem-.
ben at the meetings It I* th* Intention of th* organisation to lncreue
the amount now tn th* tuuury by a
■mall Involuntary contribution from ,
the offender!.
Tlldamr* Hold "8m*k*r."
Vancouver Tilelayen' Union bald a
very successful smoker ln th* Ubor
Temple on Wednesday evening lut A
Int clus programme wu carried out
uveral of tb* numbers being repeatedly encored. The lint numben on the
programme were a piano ulo by Mr.
T. Edwards and a recitation by Mr.
N. Johnston which were well received.
The future* of th* evening wire tk*
part songs by member* of the Welsh
Choir; the singing ot "Larboard
Watch, A-Hoy," by Hour*. WlUlam*
and Waddell, and on being encored,
"Sleep, Baby, Sleep;" alio the nteo-
tlom by * ilx piece orchestra by members of the Union Band. Tb* committee take thl* opportunity of teodir-
Ing th* sincere thank* of the Tilelayen' Union to the following gentlemen wbo assisted In nuking tha concert inch a success: Messrs. J. Willie*, J. Stapleton, C. Lamo, O. Sum-
mar, T. Gray, and J. T. Dvau for their
excellent singing, and to Mr. E. Cox
for hli excellent rendering ot a number ot popular melodlee on th* euphonium. Refreshments, both liquid and
•olid, were lerved during the evening,
to which the audience paid particular
"I hear your landlord Intend* to
raise your rant."
"He'll have to—I can't."—Standard
(Sydney, N.S.W.).
Bikers' Local, 46.
All aboard for the bakers' vocal entertainment and smoker, to be held In
Labor Temple on Saturday, Jan.-26.
The tun will commence promptly on
time, 8 o'clock, President Klnnalrd in
ihe chair, lt Is the Intention.of the
committee ln charge of the arrangements to stage a few playlets, one of
them being: The Amending ot the
Shops Regulation Act, or How I Fooled
the Bakers' Union. The Honorable
Bow-wowser will take the leading
part and he expects to be ably assisted by the Arch Palaverer of British
Columbia, who hu promlud to get
the now famous monologue off hli
cheat: "The Happy Home for Happy
White Men and Women of British
Columbia" Everyone Interested ln the
good work of the Bakers' Union Is requested to purchase tickets, u an enjoyable evening Is eniured.
Look for Ihe
If you want the best, wear
Buck Brand Overalls
Fitwell Hats
Wm. J. McMafter & Sons, Ltd.
1176 Homer Street Vincouver, B.C.
Wholesale Dry Goods and Agents for tht Manufacturers.
■■■■■'■'■'■'■■ "'■ '-'^^ -*'■ Vv
The Royal Bank
of Canada
ijtoobfo-satis int
-Tew-up Capltsl ( 11,500,000
Ism 11,100,000
-Mai Assets 175,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
busmen will be welcome
be it Urge or small
Ttnoouver, B.O.
AaUun-ud oapltti. 11,000,000
isWeslstt osjiui i,in,*oo
Mt Vjf Otpltsl...
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed ln lt
by the people, and lt Is always
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that la consistent with slfety and good management -
Tou account very cordially
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie sts. *
Broadway    West   Branch,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash Sts.
Oranvllle at Branch, 1141 Gran.
Pender St Branch, Cor.  Pender
and. Ctrrall Sts.
General Manager.
Assistant General Manager.
Capital Cc Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affects your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
ot nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought-you must realize it.
for the safe Keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1855
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
448 Hastings St West
Cor. H-utinn tnd Carrall Streets
VAWCOUVXB,    -    -  BO.
Published weekly by The B. C. Fader-
atlenlJt Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Tradea and. Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which Is affiliated 16,000 organised wage-
Issued every Friday morning.
President ..Jas. Campbell
Vice-President J. W. Wilkinson
Vice-President J. McMillan
Treasurer. ._. .J. H. McVety
Managing-Editor. K. Parm. Pettlplece
Offlcel   Boom S10, Lsbor Temple
xsk ley. MM.
Subscription:    11.00 per year;  In Van*
couver City, $1.26;   to unions subscribing In a body, 76 cents.
Itl head and stopped all tbls, thus
makuuj more work in the'sorting department and, naturally, a lot ot delay
When probably several hundred
papers, etc., have to be cancelled every
dty. It the authorities keep up this
kind ot thing we will expect to see tbe
new parcel post stunt tbat they are
figuring on handicapped by some such
toot move.
'Unity of labori the hope of the worn."
■**•> PAPER If this number ia on lt
your subscription expires next Issue.
The court ot Inquiry now Investigating the sinking ot the "Oheslakee"
appears to be laying the utmost stress
upon the conduct ot the crew. The
only value the Investigation can possibly have is, ot course, the protection
ot those who will In future travel up
and down the coast. Reprehensible,
then, as the action of the crew may or
may not have been, lt Is plain that
thli li the least important part ot the
affair, and should be taken up ln ltt
proper order. If the steamer had not
sunk no one would nave drowned, no
matter what sort of scoundrels were
The one incontestable fact is that
a passenger steamer, traversing a
route often covered by gasoline
launches ln all kinds of Weather, rolled
over ln an ordinary winter gale. Thlt
tn Itself Is eleai evidence ot unseaworthiness.
Reports are frequent Of steamers
suffering the loss of propellers or
steering gear ln the midst of heavy
gales, and being thus placed at the
mercy ot tbe seta. These ships are
often, terribly battered, their upper
works being wrecked, and sometimes
their plates or timbers sprung. But
thty do\not roll over.
The "Cheslakee" wu under full control 10 far as power and steering apparatus were concerned. She was not
subjected to any very terrible hammering by the seas yet the capsized.
One need not be a seafaring man to
detect that her centre of gravity is
not below the water line, where lt
ought to be. The simplest experiment
#111 prove that a ship ln which the
centre of gravity it In the hull will
keep right end up without either
power or crew in any weather. But
If the centre of gravity Is represented
by the pilothouse, then the reverse li
the case, and wrong-end-up is the usual
There it no Intention to anticipate
the findings ot the commission appointed to- look into the matter, or to form
hasty Judgments. Facts are, however,
tacts. The ship turned over, and that
trouble certainly lies ln the ship, and
not in the crew.
Another Important point la that If
the regulations In connection with the
pllmsoli mark, as provided by British
law, were carried out ln B. C. waters,
such disaster! at that ot the "Cheslakee" would be Impossible.
See thit this Label it Sewed
in the Pockets
tjlt lands for all that Union
Labor Stands (or.
Cowan & Brookhouse
labor Temple     none ley. MM
Velours and Felts of all colors
CAPS and
185 Hastings Straet E.
The liberals and conservatives are
expected to come before the Canadian
electors at the next dominion election
with a scheme to spend 135,000,000 for
battleships. The liberals and conservatives are putting up a flght ss to
whether the battleships shall be part
of the British fleet or whether they
shall be the first of a Canaaisn fleet
After this 185,000,000 It tpent by the
party that is elected to the dominion
house, millions of dollars will be spent
every year after tbat for the upkeep
of the navy.
We socialists are tor peace, and are
opposed to the building of a navy, because the money tbat is to be spent
could be used to better, advantage in
the uplifting of humanity. We claim
that the working class have no property that needs protecting by neither
army nor navy, and any man tbat Is
fool enough to shoulder a gun or to
man a murdership for the purpose of
protecting someone else't property
deserve! sll tbat Is coming to bun.
We, ss socialists, refute to sanction*]
the spending ot money on armaments
that wtll probably be the meant of
making thousands of widows, orphans
and cripples. We claim that If the
money is to be spent, let It be ipent
ln the betterment ot society.
♦35,000,000 would pay salaries to
15,000 physicians, wbo could then attend to the physical detects of school
136,000,000 would almost wipe out
tuberculosis ln Canada.
♦35,000,000 would enable several
thousand dentists and opticians to
give free care to tbe eyei and teeth
of school children.'
185,000,000 Would provide 7,000
workingmen with a house and furniture valued at (5,000.
' 136,000,000 could be used ln giving
free medtcsl attendance to the women
of the working class during sickness.
135,000,000 would provide' another
playground for the kiddles ln a good
many cities.
135,000,000 could be used In helping
many a working clan family when the
breadwinner is sick or unemployed.
135,000,000 could be used ln numberless ways, but Instead'Of that we are
asked to vote it for the building of
murder ships, and thence are asked
to send our sons out to ne made the
target for another fool's bullet
War is hell! Let those who want
war, go to war. We ot the inter
national working class have no quarrel. We ot the working class do not
make wars. Wars are the result of
the rush for markets. Is Is the capitalist class that wants markets for
the disposal of the goods that the
working class have produced. The
working class have no say In the disposal of those goods, so why should
we flght for markets or the maintenance of markets?
War and the prospect ot war will
cease when enough of the working
class Btand up as one and declare for
the abolition ot the present system
that breeds war, crime, bypocracy, Ignorance and disease.
It-teas been customary for newspaper publishers and others when
sending bundles of newspapers, books
and such like articles through the post
that have to be stamped, to purchase
stamps that have been cancelled, thus
saving a lot of work on the part* of
postal employees) and also the delay
necessitated by cancelling, but our
govtrnmtut have got tomt bug Into
"The greatest of all the forces of
human progress, culture and civilization is labor.
Labor, mental and manual, has
transformed deserts Into gardens, and
made the bowels of the earth yield
fuel and light, whioh enable man to
overcome tbe terrors of frost and the
fears ot night; lt has made the savage a civilised man, and man the master ot the forces of nature.
But notwithstanding the leading
part labor takes ln the shaping of our
social world, the laboring man has always been regarded as an Inferior
being, as a mere beast of burden In
human form, Incapable of any higher
Intellectual and moral efforts, with but
little sensibility, a very second rate
citlsen at his best. In spite of hit Importance as the creator of culture and
the producer of the essential material
elements of our civilisation, the worker has never been permitted to occupy a position tn society proportionate to the Importance of his work.
And however rich tbe harvest of bis
toll—he bas never had a chance to
enjoy ln full measure the fruits of bis
Engrossing all hla time, his work
had prevented htm from thinking seriously about the relations existing between himself and society, and from
taking an active part In the framing
and directing of social Institutions and
policies, until he came to recognise tbe
formidable power of organisation.
But by organising with his brothers In
misery, he found the key to the door
ot social Influence as well as the meani
of emancipation from his Ignorance.
He has become a power proportionately to tbe growth of his organisations,
and whatever he may be able to accomplish ln the future, hli organisations will be the means by which lt
will be done.
The workers will come Into tbelr
own by collective action only, for the
individual man, be he ever so Intelligent and noble and brave, does not
count in the arena where the gigantic
class struggle of our tlmeB is fought."
Porcupine, Ont., miners still on
strike.  Keep away.
Every wage-worker should see that
his name Is placed oh the voters' list.
Once organised labor decides to
transfer its business agents to the
legislative assemblies there will be
something doing every minute.
If every man In England had a wife
there would still be a million women
without homes of their own. It It
much the same ln many parts of the.
United States.
The average man gets so much criticism that when a compliment Is paid
him without "if or "but" attached,! he
pinches himself to see If he Isn't lust
new dead.—The Lance.
New Westminster unionists re-elected Alderman Dodd last week, and added two school trustees to the Lsbor
column ts well. Mayor Gray, elected
by acclamation, had received the endorsatlon ot the Royal City Trades and
Labor Council.
politics], prostitutes to get a Job at the
expenst ot tht city In Which they may
be residing.      .
Prostitution is made much of these
dayt all over the country, ln fact, all
over the world. Every town or city
has a.periodic clean up and Inside of
a few months it needs another clean
up and where-do these moral reformers aad clean city advocates get off
Thlt cleaning up business bas been
going on for centuries and the white
slave traffic's getting worse all the
time. Why is lt that these moralists
never get wise to the only means of
wiping out the traffic? Is it because
of their material Interests? We know
of one of these moralists In the city
ot Winnipeg by the name of Martin
who stood for mayor and the cam.
palgn was fought on the clean city
issue, yet this very man, a good
church-going Christian, was employ,
ing two or three dozen girls snd paying them wages of four dollars a week
up, JuBt fancy clean cities and wages
that wtll not buy a girl a decent meal,
leave alone room or clothes, and this
is thewery thing that breeds prostitution:   LOW WAGES.
Low wages and unemployment Is
the curie of the system and yet these
moralists attempt to cure the evils of
society by driving these poor downtrodden, friendless body peddlers out
of the city. Where they go to does
not trouble the moralists at all, get
them out they say, and probably out
they go, but at the same time another
bunch driven out from another town
are coming In, and so lt goes on year
ln and year out.
There is only one cure for the Ills
of society. There is only one thing
that will clean up the cities and that
Is tbe abolition of wage slavery. What
is needed Is the reconstruction of Bociety. A cleaning up not of ci'es but
of society. Not the driving of, women
prostitutes out of town, but the driving of political prostitutes from the
houses of legislature. Not the 'ailing
of white slavers, but the freeing of
wage slaves. Not the segregation of
these women but liberty In i|s fullest
sense. Not higher wages but the full
product of our toll. Not the mouthlngs
of "I Btand for a clean city" but the
abolition of-wage slavery.
We Take Off Our HaU
Says the Industrial Banner: The
convention number of the British Columbia Federationist, issued In Vancouver on Dec. 27, Ib certainly an up-
to-date production.
Editor Pettlplece Ib to be congratulated upon getting out one ot the very-l
belt productions in the shape ot a labor paper that we have ever been privileged to read,
It's certainly going some to get out a
seven-column, thirty-two page paper,
profusely illustrated, and printed on
high-grade paper.
Say, Parm, we take oft our hate!
rorcuplne,   Ont,
strike.   Keep away.
miners  ittli   on
Vancouver unionists took no part ln
tbe recent municipal campaign, despite
tbe bitter lessons of the past year.
Apathy and difference! of opinion at
.to methods, legislative and political,
seems to present barriers preventing
unity ot action, If not purpose.'
The federal U. S. eight-hour law
went Into effect, January 1, and hereafter all government work will be done
on this basis. This change bas come
so gentle snd gradual that lt li unnoticed by those who loudly ask, with a
great show ot wisdom, "What have the
trade unions done?"
A couple of stiff strikes generally
sober men up, and while the trade
unionist will never surrender his right
to strike as a last resort, the fellows
who have "gone through the mill" are
becoming brave enough to tell conditions ss they see them to their en-
'bueuMtto snd well meaning brothers
who have yet to learn, and who would
not be opposed ln their efforts to learn
through experience, but for the cold
fact tbat they Involve others, who Insist that In many cases there Is a way
out of the difficulty without sacrifice,
and whloh should be flrst tried.—
Union. Leader.
The decision ot the Farmers' convention at Calgary, now in session, as
to whether they will affiliate In a body
with the Alberta Federation of Labor
or not, Is one of much concern and
significance in Western Canada. That
there will be difficulties to surmount
to bring tbout such an amalgamation
none will deny, but a reasonably broad
conception of the position of wage-
workers and tbe working farmer will
make lt possible. The combination Is
not entirely new In some portions of
the United States, but lt will be "something different" ln Canada If the
farmers and trades unionists of Alberta ever federate their Interests old
party politicians need keep a careful
eye on future development!.
Ai soon as the membership ot organized labor makes lt possible existing
labor papers should be converted Into
"news" papers, with an editorial policy ln keeping with the alms and aspirations of those battling for Industrial freedom. Too many of the present-day labor papers are, like the War
Cry, filled with the lame old story
week in and week out. One healthy
daily labor "news" paper Is worth a
dosen small weekly sheets, giving evidence of being within the shadow ot
the sheriff. Until the workers recognise the necessity and utility 01 having
a dally press of their own their efforts
and undertakings will be misunderstood and handicapped In many ways
known to those who have at any time
participated In a strike or an election
When you were a tadpole and I was a
,   fish
In the Paleosolc time,
And side by side on the" ebbing tide
We sprawled through the oose and slime
Or skittered with many a caudal flip
Through the depths of tbe Cambrian fin,
My heart was rife, with the joy of life,
For I loved you even then.
Mindless wa lived and mindless we loved
And mindless at last we died;
And deep In a rift of the Cavodac drift
We slumbered aide by Bide;
The world turned on in the lathe of time
The hot sands heaved amain,
Till  we  caught  our  breath  from  the
womo of death
And crept Into light again.
We were amphibians sealed and tailed
And drab as a dead man's hand;
We colled at ease 'neath the dripping
trees .
Or trailed through the mud and slime,
Croaking   and   blind   with   our   three
clawed feet.
Writing ln a language dumb
With never a spark in the empty dark
To hint at a life to oome.
Yet happy we lived and happy we loved,
And happy we died once more;
Our forms were rolled ln the clinging
mold      1
Of a Neocomlan shore.
The oens came and the eons fled,
And the sleep that wrapped us fast
Was riven away ln a newer day
►. And the night of death waa paat.
Then light and swift' through' the jungle
We swung ln our airy flights.
Or breathed ln the balms of the frounded
In the hush of the moonless nights.
And Oh, what beautiful years were these
When our hearts dung each to each,
When life ws filled   and "our   senses
In the flrst faint dawn of speech.
This Is a time when the voice of the
politician lt heard ln the land. The
issue at stake Is a national Canadian
navy. This is a subject in which the
workers are particularly interested.
"It Is the greatest issue to come before
the Canadian people since Confederation," as F. C. Wade, K.C., said in a
speech before a meeting of young men
a few nights ago. One argument
brought forward ln favor of a local
navy was given especial emphasis—
that Canada should supply the bone
and the sinew as well as the steel
which goes to make up the complete
fighting machine. With all due reverence to our beloved country, we are
forced to confess that we are much
behind the times ln naval matters.
Canada is prantlcally the only country
of any pretensions In the world without its navy.
This is indeed deplorable. Canadians should be taught to murder at
sea as well as on the land. In order
to further and develop this beneficent
scheme we should first of all begin
with our schools, for the public school
Is the cradle of our citizenship. The
early impressions that are wrought
on the plastic minds of youth are not
to remain. The Jrays of today should
be Instilled with a militant patriotism.
Love of country Is not enough. They
should be taught to hate all other nations. And upon this hypothesis they
could plainly see that the noblest service they could render to humanity
would be a conscientious annihilation
of these wicked and depraved peoples.
If we can get this principle firmly
Imbedded In the minds and hearts of
our young men, the opportunity to
employ lt will not long be wanting.
And when the war clouds lower and
We confront the opposing hordes on
the the field of battle, whether on land
or sea, we should never Ipse sight of
the fact that the bone and sinew, the
rank add file of our enemies—be they
conscripted, preBB-ganged, shanghaied,
lt matters not—are Individually responsible for the conflict, and should
suffer dismemberment and even death
itself for their enormous crime. There
is no way In which we could better
please a God who Is all mercy than hy
offering up thlB living sacrifice. We
pour the oblation of blood on the
ground, and the Incense of smoke from
homes once happy rises to the heavens
amid the music of roaring cannon and
rattling musketry, and ln a minor the
moan ot broken hearts. And it lt so
happens that we have more men, bet
ter cannon and stronger armor plate,
then we may know for a certainty that
our qause is Just, that our efforts have
been expended in the furtherance of
tbe eternal right, in the promotion of
liberty and enlightenment.
Truly an inspiring picture,' The
sublimest lights of history are shed
upon such scenes. The plains of
;"....   which many a snul
Of mighty warriors to the viewless
Untimely sent;   they on the.battle
plain -
Unburled lay, a prey to raving dogs
And carrion birds,"
as Homer sang; the Nile running red
with human blood through the light
and darkness of three whole days;
and, more recently, the silent mounds
of sand ln the Tripoli desert, spectral
under the moon and cloudless sky.
Our young men are virile, strong,
courageous. We should direct their
minds into theBe noble channels, and
fire their ambitions to take a most
prominent part in these glorious
Yes, by all means, let us have a Canadian navy. This is a rich country,
and lt we are to do our part ln the
building of the stupendous structure
of civilization, we must not hesitate
to spend all, If necessary, of our treasures of gold, bone and sinew In the
furtherance of a cause which has, from
time immemorial, upheld the sacred
principles of love, virtue, honor, free,
dom, and, above all, righteousness!
Suit Special at $15
We hold and oan maintain by proof of service as well ai style,
that men who buy suite at Spencer's will get a fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
store can give. -        *
Today has arrived a new lot of suits with special features that
we have marked to sell at 910.00. You will be surprised at the
smart styles and smart worthy looking fabrics. Lots of the popular red browns ln tweeds, other tweeds as well ln grey and green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those wbo want them.
These are coats that no man need be afraid to don. They look
well, the materials are good, they are well made, and not skimped
In any way.
The materials are tweeds ln smooth and rough effects,
Two of the best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs In brown and various subdued two-color effects ln
dark tone.    Every coat is lined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars.
David Spencer
Tested and improved during many years in the world's greatest
skating ground, Canada
Stab Skates, all that a skate oan be 75c to $6.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 75c to $6.00
For Young Men, Young Ladies, Boys and Misses
It, w.
our 204
Stoves MP Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters (or Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Thus life by life and love by love
We passed through cycles strange,
And breath by breath and death by death
Civic elections are over for another
year hut what drew our attention
most waa the advertisements of the
would-be mayors, aldermen, councillors, etc., published ln the different
papers all over the Dominion. One
of the most familiar waa "I stand for
a clean city," in other wordi they
were going to drive out of the particular town or city all the women prostitutes. Thla particular thing, prostitution, aeemi to enable a bunch of
We foiled the chain of change
Till there came a time ln the law of life
When over the nursing sod     \
The shadows broke and the soul awoke
In a strange, dim dream of God.
I was thewed like anAuroch bull
And tusked -like the great Cave Bear,
And you, my sweet, from head to feet,
Were gowned ln your glorious hair;
Deep ln the gloom of a tireless cave
When the night fell o'er the plain,
And the moon hunk red o'er the river
We mumbled the bones of the slain.
I flaked a flint to a cutting edge
And shaped It with brutish craft,
I broke a shank from the woodland dank
And fitted lt head and haft,
Then I hid me close to the reedy tarn
Where the Mammoth came to drink;   -
Through brawn and bone I drave the
And slew him upon the brink.
'     IX.
Loud    I    howled  through the moonlit
Loud answered uor kith and kin;
Prfom west and  east  to  the crimson
Tho clan came trooping ln.
O'er Joint and gristle and padded hoof
Wo fought and clawed and tore,
And cheek by Jowl with many a growl
We talked the_marvel »?er. -
I carved that ght on a reindeer bone
With rude and hairy hand;
I pictured his fall on the cavern wall
That men might understand;
For we lived by blood and the right of
Ere human laws were drawn;
And the Age of Sin did not begin
Till our brutal tusks were gone.
And that was a million years ago
In a time that no man knows;
Yet here tonight In the mellow light
We sit at Delmonfco's,
Your eyes are deep as the Devon springs,
Your hair Is as dark as Jet;
Your years are few, your life Is new,
Your soul untried, and yet—
Our trail Is on the Klmmerldge clay,   ■
And the scrap of the Purbeck flags;
We have left our bones In the Bagshot
And deep ln the Corallne crags.
Our love Is old, our lives are old,
And death shall come amain;
Should lt oome today, what man may say
We shall not Ave again?
God wrought our souls from the Tre
_   . _   madoc beds,
And furnished them wings to fly:
He sowed our spawn Hi the world's dim
dawn, C
And I know (hat it shall hot die
Though cities have sprung  above the
graves ?
Where the crook boned man made war;
And the ox-watn creak* o'er the burled
eavea j
Where the mummied mammoths are,
XIV   }
Ihfln _*■_*« Jln*K at jujjeheon here
O'er many a dainty dish—
Irlnkanew to the tt-
" Weret~1e_^e'ts_l *** a ish."
Hardware and Tools
«I A splendid stook of the haet in the world's market.
We make a specialty of Bupplyingvevery need and requirements of the artisan favour line.
7 Haatinga Street West
Phone Seymour 684
British Columbia Division. C. P. System, Division No. 1—Meets 10:30 a.m.
third Sunday ln month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. P. Campbell, Box 482, Vancouver. Local sec-treas,, A. T, Oberg,
Box 482, or 1002 Burrard street
Meets last Sunday each month, 2:10
p.m. President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-
president, Q. W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer, R, H. Neelands, P.O. Box 68.
213.—Meets Room 801, every Monday
8 p.m. President, Fred. Fuller; vice-
president, Geo. B. Moulton; recording
secretary, A, F. Gibson, Labor Temple;
financial secretary, Robt Robinson;
treasurer, Harold T, Johnson; business
agent H. A. Jones, Room 207, Labor
321 {Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. President S. S,
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent F. L. Est-
Inghausen, Room 202.   Sey. 2348.
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
Meets ln annual convention in January. Executive oncers, 1913-14: President Christian Slverty; vice-presidents,
J. Kavanagh, J. Ferris, A. Watchman, G,
A. Burnes, J. W. Gray, Jas. Cuthbertson,
J J. Taylor; Sec.-treas, " ™ "'■*
Box 1044, Vancouver.
R. Mldgley,
first  and   third. Thursdays.
Executive board; J. Kavanagh, president!
"  vice-president;   *
John McMillan, vice-president; J, W,
Wilkinson, secretary. Room 210, Labor
Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer; A.
Beasley, statistician; J. H. MoVety,
sergt-at-arms: F. A. Hoover, W. J.
Pipes, E. Tralnor, trustees.
•—Meets second Monday In  month.
President   E.   Jarman;   vice-president,
George Mowat; secretary, A. H, England,
P. O. Box 68,	
penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Bey, 2908. Business agent J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to * a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
H, McEwen, Room 209, Labor Temple.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday Injloom 302.	
tloners' Local No,  48—
Meets  second  and  fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. President,   J.   Klnnalrd;   nor-
respondlng  secretary,   W,
.   Rogers,  Room 220, Labor
inanclal  secretary,  P,   Robin-
aecond Thursday, 8:80 p. m. President, C. Hald; recording secretary,
Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary - business
agent C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 5 to 7 p.m.
Sey.. 17191	
BARTENDERS'    LEAGUE    NO.    876-
Meets flrst and third Sundays of
each month, 7:80 p, m., Room 806, President, Walter Laurie; secretary, A. MacDonald; treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel.
Bey. 468 (Yale Hotel).
ters and Joiners, Looal No. 617,—
Meets Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, f
p.m. President, A. Richmond; recording,
secretary, Arthur Paine, 306 Labor Temple; financial secretary, G. W. Williams,
306 Labor Temple; treasurer, L. W. De-
slel, 806 Labor Temple.   Phone Sey. 1880,
and Joiners. South Vancouver No,
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave,, every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
W, J. Robertson; vice-president, J. W,
Dlckieson: recording secretary, Thos,
Lindsay, Box 86, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A, Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt. Lindsay; conductor, A. Conaher;
warden, E. Hall.
WORKERS' International Union,
Local 97—Meets second and fourth Friday, Labor Temple. 8 p.m. President,
J, A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
788 Semlln Drive, phone Sey. 639.
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
    President James Haslett;
ponding secretary, W. S. Dagn
63;   financial   secretary,   F.   R.
President, James Haslett; corres-
-~ secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
.   , iclal   secretary,  F.  R.  Brown;
business  agent,  W,  S.  Dagnall,  Room
216.   Sey, *m"
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No, 194—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8 p.m.
President, F. Barclay, 363 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1161 Howe Btreet.
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President, Geo, Gerrard; secretary,
Robert J. Craig, Kuru Citar Factory;
treasurer, 8. W. Johnson.
Meets second and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. President, J. Fox; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson; financial secretory, wm. Worton; secretary. A. O,
Hettler, 426 Dufferln street Telephone,
Fairmont 1288.
ASSOCIATION, No. 38 x 62—Meets
every Friday evening, 183 Water street
President, G. Thomas; secretary, Thomas
Nixon, 138 Water street
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:16 P.m.
President, Robt Thompson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; financial secretary,
J. H. McVety.   Sey. 6860.
Union, Local No. 146, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street President, J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
F. Ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
-Decorators', Local 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H, Murry; financial secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St.; recording secretary,
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. 8, Box 8;
business agent W. J. Nagle.
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, 8:00
p.m. Preaident, J. Marshall; corresponding secretary, Wm, Rowan, Box 1047-
flnanclal secretary, K, McKensle.
Employees, Pioneer Division No, 101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdaya at 2:46 p.m. and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 fi.m. President
H. Schofleld; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178, City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2409 Clark drive. 	
al Local 897—Meets every Wednesday, 8 p.m.. Room 201, Labor Temple.
President F, Blumberg; financial secretary, Wm. Byatt Room 216.
178—Meetings held flrst Friday ln
each month, 8 p.m. President, H. word-
land; seoretary, W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box
608; financial secretary, L. Wakley, Box
608,  ■__	
cal-No. 62—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays each month. 8 p.m. President, J. Kavanagh; secretary, E, A. E.
Morrison, 1769 Eleventh Ave, East.
TxcToaiA, a. o.
Council—Meets every first and thlid
Wednesday, Labor Hall, 781 Johnson
street at 8 p.m. President, H. J. Sheen;
secretary, Christian Slverts, Box 801,
Victoria, B. C.
». O.
Labor Council—Meets every see*:	
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m,, In
Labor Hall, President R. A. Stoney;
financial secretary, J. B. Chockley; general secretary, B. D, Grant, P. O. box
934.   The public is Invited to attend.
cal 496—Meets every second and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall,
7:30 p.m. President D. Webster; secretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 966, Now
Westminster, B. C.
penters, Local Union No. 1639—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street President H, C. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B. C.
Knrawr vnovi.
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets Sunday evenings, ln Union Hall,
President E. A. Hlnes; secretary-treasurer, M P| Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B.C    '
No. 2888, U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hell, 7 p.m. President Sam Guthrie; secretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladysmlth, B. C.
—Meeta every Sunday in District
Office, Vendome Hotel, at 7:80 p.m.>
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B. C.	
Western    Federation    of   Miners-
Meets  ^very   Wednesday   evening,   In
Miners' Union hall.   Band and orchestra
open for engagement. ' Theatre for rent,
President, Sam Stevens; secretary, Her-
bert Varcol, Box 421. Rossland, ________
Union, No. 106, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:30 p.m. President,
George Can tell; secretary, Frank Campbell, Box 26, Trail, B. C.   -
Of America  rQ*r
coprmoHT &TrUt>f habkr..gisti»,id itoa |
Short Lessons in
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three times
the amount of light obtained from a carbon lamp
with the same consumption of current?
Should it not be advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting?
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter clerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and   '
the ordinary oarbon lamp,
For the convenience of oar customers we
oarry a full line of Tungsten lampB of an
' approved type in stock       v    ■     '   '
Carrall snd
Hastings Street
USB Granville St.
near Davie ran*)AT.................„WNtART ii, ins
Boxed Silk Hosiery
At their rtspective prices we believe that the following
lines are as good as the market affords.
AT 76o A PAIR—Women's block silk boot hose, with high
spliced heel, double sole and toe. These have seamless
AT (1.00 A PAIR—Women's silk hose with lisle top, with
double heel, sole and toe. Come in black and white,
AT $1.50 AND $2.00—Onyx silk hose in high grade qualities, in the following -shades—pink, sky, champagne,
light and dark grey, purplpe, wisteria, old rose king's
bine gold, tan, white or black.   These' have reinforced
- heels, double sole, toe- and lisle thread top.
<8nr0nn Brpfcalr, •fitot.iri.
575 Granville Street      Vanooutor, B. C.
During: January
We will hold our regular sale. This will be our seventh
( Janusry sale, and is before we will try snd clear out sll
Fall and Winter Goods
Our prices will enable you to save enough on sn outfit
to start a bank account.   Hoping to see you sometime
, during the month, and wishing you a Happy New Year
____    it. waiT
■sfrtssn Abbott sad OtmlS.
Four Rousing Values from Home furnishing Section
A visit to our busy Fourth Floor is well worth anyone! time.
The furnishing of the home is always a work of satisfaction and
profit when you invite our oo-pperation. We submit a few items
for your approval, many others just as good.
Axminster Hearth CI JO
Rug*, 27x64 inches _l__*
By taking all the mill had,
we are able to-offer you an Axminster rug, well woven of pure
wool yarns, in seversl different
colors; site 27x52 inches, $1.49.
Guaranteed Feather   €1 10
KUows, eaoh     J1'-*4
Pilled entirely of clean odorless feathers in best quality art
style ticking, slse 18x25 inches,
each .........-S1.12
Oil Opaque Shades
Size 37x72, eaoh
In a good shade of dark green
oil-opaque cloth mounted on rollers that carry ; smooth perfect
cloth, with brackets, siie 37x72
inches; regular 61c. values,   85c.
Silkoline Covered
Comforters, each :
Well filled with white cotton
nicely quilted and covered in dainty Silkoline, size 66 x 72 in., $1.75
Ten "Fed" Sub. Cards far $7.50
Two-piece overall suits, speoially
suitable for boys taking a course
of manual training. Sizes 26 to
D^r« d« c..:» ~—..:.- en an $*■ Made of BtPut bla°k denim,
Price Per 5Ult, any Size »180 cutfull and strongly put together.
80941} Hastings
Street West
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., 7 p.m^o 8 p.m.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank tf Ottawa Building
- Cor, Seymour and Hastings
Translantic Steamship
To and From Europe via. All Lines
at Lowest Rates
City Tioket Agent C.P. A.
434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
As to Labor. Parties.
Editor B, O. Federatlonist: Deceit is
one ot the essential characteristics ot
slavery, which has heen with ui so
long that lt has become a habit Parents try to help 'their offspring by deceiving them. Some slaves try to break
the chains of slavery by deceitful
methods; to wilfully or otherwise represent an object or any ot Its qualities to lie other than they are. To
give them the names of other objects
or qualities, is now, and has been, an
Important part of deceit.
It Is the work of science to pull ott
the cloak of deceit and give proper
names to the facts revealed. "A rose
by any other name would smell aa
sweet," but If it had any other name,
lt wouldn't be a rose. To give It tha
name of some other object Is to be
deceitful and create confusion. That's
what modern society did when lt called lti slaves freemen, but the science
now called socialism pulled off the
cloak of deceit, revealed the facta and
restored them their proper names,
with the result that socialism hai mora
prestige and commands more respect,
than any other word In the whole terminology ot the uprising wage slaves.
The object of the socialist movement
Is to educate us to the fact! and tbelr
proper names, and to organise ui tor
the overthrow of wage-slavery. To
now call, such a movement by any
other name, Is to cause deceit and contusion. But even if "What's ln a
name?" as applied to the movement of
the uprising wage slkves, was hard to
beat by mere argument, "the proof of
the pudding Is In the eating." The
spirit of compromise has been bred
into tne Inhabitants of England. Read
the "History of the English Working
Class," by Eleanor Man Avellug. If
the British House of Parliament did
.not pay sessional allowances to its
members, the socialists could not elect
and keep comrades ln parliament,
Though the Labor (compromise)
Party greatly assisted in dividing the
forces of the uprising wage slaves,
they did elect and have kept a number ot members ln parliament.
That the spirit of compromise does
not exist to the same extent among the
wage slaves in Canada, has been
proven by the several attempts, largely by fresh emigrants from England, to
build up a labor compromise.party In
this country. At best they have only
had very temporary success. Even socialists ln this country have been Influenced from England to conceal the
name "socialism," and nominate their
candidates on the labor, compromise
ticket—each time a miserable failure.
Let us briefly review what has been
done by the socialist movement ln
Canada: In an ever-Increasing number of constituencies we have paid the
one and two hundred dollar deposits,
with the other expenses, to nominate
candidates, even where we only polled
sixty-odd votes, for that was as good
as we expected. For about ten years
we have elected two, and on one occasion three members to the B. C. legislative assembly, and three and a half
years ago, one to the Alberta legislative assembly. In a few other in
stances we elected our comrades, but
they were defeated by fraud. Several
times we came within a few votes ot
electing our comrades. While using
the legislative assembly as forums to
spread socialist propaganda, we have
also fought for and been more success,
ful ln obtaining legislation to benefit
the slaves here and now, than any
labor (compromise) party of tbe same
size In any part of the English speak-
ing world. ,
It Is well to remember that Canada
has a small population', about equal to
the city of London or the State ot
New York, scattered over a country
larger than the United States, which
makes it very expensive for organisers
and difficult for the slaves to get together ln representative meetings or
conventions; yet we have more socialists In Canada, with a larger per
cent, well Informed, and more mem.
bers In parliament than they have in
any other part of the English-speaking
world, from a like population.
Those who are familiar with the
facts, anl then complain about the
backwardness of the political movement of the slaves ln Canada, as an
excuse to start another political party
In the name of the working class,
must be deceiving themselves and
those they are trying to represent, or
else being used by some one who has
another axe to grind.
The workers are.
the tactics of the 	
tools, and no longer allow thsaselvei
to be divided on account of their
birthplace, <Bsdr religious beliefs or the
color of thttr skin, but, recognising
their common Interests as workers,
are putting up a united and determined front to the common enemy.
. J. D. BARRY.
South Porcupine, Jan. 9.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
TERMS: Residence on the land (or at least
two yean; improvement! to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual initalmenti of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
The Porcupine Strike,
Editor B. C. FederatlonlBt: Three
cases for violation of the "Industrial
Disputes Investigation Act" were tried
by Magistrate Thos. Torrence at Tim-
mlns, January 6th. William Holow-
atsky and Peter Cleary were charged
with Inciting the employees of the
Holllnger Gold Mining Company to go
on strike, November 15th, and aiding
and encouraging them to continue on
strike: Percy Croft was charged with
going on strike in violation of the
"act." A. O. Slaght of Hallebury represented the defendants; Godfrey
represented the prosecution. General
Manager Bobbins of the Holllnger
Gold Mining Company, Underground
Superintendent Globe, Accountant Mc-
Coy and Shift Boases Rutherford and
Barnet were tho witnesses for the
prosecution. The defense put on no
witnesses. The court took the cases
under consideration until Tuesday,
January 14. The cases tried on Monday were test ones, lt being the Intention of the Miners' Union to appeal, ln
case an adverse decision Is handed
down, gome 350 odd summonses have
been issued against ex-employees of
the Holllnger Company. About 66 of
these have been served. The outcome
is a matter of serious concern to the
organized labor movement of Canada.
If the capitalist class succeed ln having the law Interpreted by the courts
ln the way the prosecution desires, lt
would prove a serious obstacle to the
growth of the movement, and can be
used to wipe out a great many of the
organisations already In existence.
The strike situation here Is looking
more favorable for a victory for the
workers. At the end of the seventh
week of the strike the mines are crippled to a greater extent than at any
time, since the Inception of the trouble. No competent men have been
secured, so far, to fill the places of
the striking miners. The agents of
the mining companies have scoured all
of tbe eastern provinces/of Canada ln
an unsuccessful attempt to recruit
strike-breakers. The mining district
of Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota are being searched for the same
purpose, and reports have lt tbat the
Thiel Detective Agency Is busy ln the
Coeur de Alene district In Idaho and
other western cnmits. The attempt of
the mining companies and provincial
police to split the working men on
race lines have proved unsuccessful.
• Vancouver, Jan'. 1>, 1918.
Committee assembled In the Finn
Hall, 1215 Pender St E. Present:
Comradei Reld, Matthews, Prltchard,
Cassldy, Rahim and the secretary.
Oomrade Prltchard in the chair.
Minutes ot previous meeting adopted I
as read.   -
Correspondence and bills: Tht Secretary presented the following resolution, endorsed by the R. C. provincial
"That we of Local Vancouver No. 1,
S. P. ot C, recommend to the new
dominion executive of the S, P. of O.
to put on the agenda of the next dominion convention Canadlin affiliation
with th* international bureau."
Matthews-Burrough: "That the resolution be submitted to-a referendum
of the party at the earliest convenience
of the secretary." Carried, Comrade
Rahim dissenting. y
Prom C. W. Springford, Marwayne,
From D. Thomson, Secretary of St,
Catherine's, Ont, Local No. 80, expressing approval of .the appointment
of Comrade Faughman as Prov. Sec.
for the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, and enclosing quarterly report
Other matters referred to were left ln
hands ot secretary for investigation.
From D. McMillan, Prov. Sec., Sask.,
enclosing half-yearly report and enquiring re paper and envelopes—Referred to secretary.
From Bert Anderson, Prov. See.,
Alta., order for supplies. Secretary
stated that dues stamps had been forwarded, and the rest would be dispatched when available—Approved
and filed.
From Lyceum Department, L. B.
ICatterfield, manager, ot the S, P, of
A., stating that at present tt Is impossible to extend tbe Lyceum course
to Canada—Filed.
From S. P. of G. B., Tottenham
branch, resolution requesting supply of
party Bulletin, regretting" suspension
of Western Clarion, and expressing
wish that publication will soon be resumed—Secretary Instructed to express thanks, and state that publication of Bulletin Is discontinued.
From Com. Phil.- Faughnan, Sec.
Local Montreal No. 1, re affiliation
with international socialist bureau, and
empbaalng desire expressed by the
movement In Montreal for such action
to be taken—Secretary to reply, stating that a referendum will be taken as
soon aa possible, and advising care in
manner of admitting mass applications
for membership In the S. P. of C.
Bills: Expreesage, 11; P. O. stamps,
60c; secretary's suppplies, 88c; total,
82.36—Warrant ordered drawn.
. Tbe committee appointed to devise
ways and means of liquidating; the
debt owing to Comrade E. T. Kingsley
and acquiring the supplies and literature ln his possession, reported tbat of
the 8260 required Vancouver Looal No.
1 had voted-'llOO for th* purchase of
supplies, and receipts from other
sources immediately tn sight brought
the total up to 8142..
Report accepted.
Tbe adjourned discussion on Com.
R. I. Matthews' proposition for the
production of an official organ waa resumed. After discussion the proposition was accepted unanimously, the
first Issue to appear not later than
March 1 next. Comrade J. Reld and
the Secretary were appointed to confer with Comrade Matthews and draw
up an agreement with him along the
lilies discussed and approved by the
Financial Report.
Receipts:    '
J. L. Baunr 82.00
Alta, Executive, due stamps 6.00
Total  87.00
Expreesage ILeO
P. O. stamps    60
Secretary's supplies    86
Total  82.15
Report accepted.
The  Secretary was  Instructed  to
open an account for the party with the
Bank of Hamilton.
Adjournment to Sunday, Jan. 26th.
Comrade C. W. Springford, Marwayne, Alta., sends news of the marriage of Com. W. H. Anderson, of Dewberry, to Miss H. M. Collins, ot the
same town. He remarks: "We wish
the happy couple long life and happiness/and sincerely hope that ere long
there will be some more reds In Dewberry. Our comrade is well known
in the socialist movement, where a few
more reds of the same mettle as himself would be a valuable addition."
' How many wives ami mothers of the
working class find It harder to get
along by the wages brought home by
ta* men? W*-ai* star* that tb* men
hardly realise that th* eost ot living Is
going up all th* Urn* and that th* women fott ar* having a hard struggle
to maintain th* old standard of living.
We are certain that th* woman when
out shopping look with longing eyes
on many a piece of furniture or goods
well knowing that the price Is too high
for her pun*. Day ln and day out the
goes into th* itorei which ass
crammed full of the good things, but
she nearly alwayi comes out with
something cheap or something shoddy.
Every article In. tbat itore li pro-
puce by the mental or physical energy
of memben of the working class.
Everything from the packet of pins to
tb* suit* of furniture, the oheap stuff
and the good stuff, the shoddy and the
silks and broadcloths, every grade and
style, ud yet the members of the
working class Invariably purchase the
The working class build th* fine
•uses as seen la Shaughneiiy
heights, and live* Or rather exist In
small shacks, or- else two or three
families per bouse.
The working class help build th*
automobiles, and then foot It homewards or hang on to a strap in a
crowded street car or get knocked
down and killed by autos, as numerous
cases In this city prove.
The working class build Pullman
cars, and ride ln th* colonist
Tea, tb* working, class, the clsss
thtt produce everything, the only useful class, get the bad end of the deal
every time. Look at the fine roads,
sidewalks and boulevards In the west
end, where the parasites live, and
then look at tbe muddy roads, the
rotten wood sidewalk and the dangerous ditches In the districts where the
worker* live.
Parasites tbat live in other countries purchase large blocks of land ln
this city through the medium of real
estate sharks, and then ask figures
for a 2 x 4 lot that Is beyond the reach
of the workers, or should you be foolish enough to buy a lot keeps you busy
making payments for a long time.
When are the workers going to
wake up to the tact that the other
class, the parasites, millionaires, lords,
trust magnates, and lucb ilk serve no
useful function ln society? When are
the working class going to say to these
parasites, look hero we have produced
all these good things, and we are capable of continuing the production of
these things, and we refuse to let you
live oft the things that we produce.
If you want to live, take off your coat
snd make yourself useful.
It Is easy for the workers to do this
because they are muscularly stronger
than the capitalists, they are numerically stronger than the capitalists, and
they are intellectually stronger than
the capitalist class.
The only thing that prevent the
workers from getting the full value of
their toll Is the fact that the capitalist
control the powers of government, and
as soon as the workers get Into their
head to control tbe powers of government themselves and act accordingly,
then, and then only, will they be able
to legislate ln their own Interests;
then, and then only, will the workers
live on the best that can be produced,
live in decent bouses tn districts fully
Then, and then only, will the wives
and mothers of the workers be In a
position to purchase what their heart
desires. No more scringing and scrap-
lug, no more going hungry to bed for
the kiddles, no more drudgery at the
wash tub, no more anxiety through unemployment of the bread-winner—Instead there will be happiness, contentment and sociability.
Let us hasten the day.
Half-yearly report, from May 6 to
Dec. 13,1912:—
On hand, May 6 822.40
Receipts 47.46
Total  860.86
Disbursements  44.40
Balance on hand, Dec 31,1912....225.45
Dbt. ac May 6, carried forward..862.45
Credit ac, May 6, carried forward  28,75
Dbt. ac. Dec. 31, carried forward 64.45
Credit ac, May 6, carried forward  28.76
Stamps on hand Dec 31,115.
Audited and found correct
Porcupine,   Ont.,   miners   still   on
strike.   Keep away.
Local Vancouver No. 69, Socialist Party ot Canada, Intend
to Milwaukeelse Vancouver and
the surrounding districts. Commencing with the flrst ot February, Local 69 will bave ten
thousand copies ot a new paper,
"The New Review," printed and
distributed free. This paper
will be published monthly and
will be distributed free In all
parts of the city and surrounding districts.
Oomrade W. Watts bas been
appointed general organiser, and
if you are willing to help financially or morally, Just drop him
a postcard (address Labor
Temple, or 137 27th Ave, W.),
and he will give you a call and
talk the matter over with you.
We Intend to distribute 10,000
copies of the first issue, but
even that will not be enough to
cover the territory we propose
to cover, so the better you come
through with finances the more
papers we will be able to distribute.
The paper !■ for free distribution and Is not for sale, but a
dollar from you will enable us
to pu. tho 'paper Into the hands
of at least NO persons.
Rally to th* cause and let ub
make Vancouver a hotbed of Socialise. . W* bave laid dormant
too lo ig;. let'i be up and doing.
Let's -nat** the politicians of
Vanco ver shiver ln their shoe*.
B. C. Provlnclsl Executive Committee.
Vancouver, Jan. 19, 1913.
Committee convened In the Finn
Hall at 3 p.m. Present: Comrades
Reld, Matthews, Cassldy, Rahim, Prltchard and the secretary, Comrade
Prltchard In the chair.
In accordance with art. 4, section 4
of tbe constitution, the officers of the
dominion executive committee were
accepted aa the officers of the B. C.
provincial executive committee.
Correspondence:—From Vancouvor
Local No. 1, a resolution recommending that the matter of affiliation with
the International socialist bureau he
taken up by the dominion executive.
Matthews-Burrough: "That the resolution be endorsed and recommended
to the dominion executive committee
for action." Carried, Rahim dissenting.
From Victoria, B. C, Local, asking
for information on party affairs. Secretary Instructed tjo reply.
Bills: Bxpressage, 21; P. O. stamps,
50c; secretary's supplies, 81.26; to
dominion executive for dues stamps,
85; total, 87.76. Warrant ordered
Financial Report.
W. S. Matthews, members at
large, dues 8   2.00
Local Vancouver No, 1, dues,
stamps     10.00
Local Cumberland, bill    20.00
Local Vancouver No. 1, supplies, etc 100.00
Total  2132.00
As per warrant 2   7.75
Report accepted.  Adjournment.
In hli address of welcome to the
B, C. Convention of Labor ln Victoria,
Premier McBride reminded tbe delegates that the present government of
the province was not a part of the
labor movement We had a suspicion
that something of that nature was th*
iil./ •^—r^^r—*m~m
'*' ;   M. ^-:
'-•^-■rfstit,:.■*%-*.+■•.*■* j
nturnatlonal       Rrosidvnt     of     Shingle
WeMavaK-ss' Union Treats in Detail th*
Organization    of   Tltnbor
*X*"*-a«» following: are extracts from In-
srnatlonal President J. O. Brown's ro-
ort -to the convention, and so more
■to detail about tbe planned organlra-
o>«a of tbe timber workers than any-
Uuk  bitberto published.
The Increasing concentration of cap-
sal   in   tbe   lumber industry has made
harder   and   harder  for the shingle
eavera being tbe only branch organ-
taa% and representing bnt a small
action of the men employed—to hold
lelr own against these growing
>rces. This condition had compelled
lought about *he possibilities of ex-
ndlng our Jurisdiction to Include all
Drkmen engaged in the industry.
bis* matter was flrst considered ln
innectlon with the suggestion offered
the Sedro-Woolley convention by
an. Organizer C. O. Young.. By ln-
ructlons of the convention the sub-
ct waa fully Investigated during the
ar. Many   conferences   were  held
th many different persons ln many
Fferent places. A. strong effort was
ade to -work out the details of an ex-
aded form of organization which
raid meet the needs of the woods-
swx sand sawmill workers and at the
me time not jeopardise the organisa-
>xa   already in existence.    . '*
Plan of Organization'
[ feel that If the workers in the
aber Industry -were organized on a
partmental plan, allowing shingle
avers as now organized, with the
litlon of those 'working around shin-
) mills not previously eligible to
imbership Included, to constitute
a department, the men employed in
sraxaUls to constitute another depart-
ra t and tbe woodsmen a third, we
uld toe approaching the problem
m the most "practical side.
Co my mind the proper method of
icedur* ln - beginning the work of
nnizing Is to use the present estab-
led    Shingle   Weavers' locals to act
a.   nucleus   or  centre  around which
■ other and now unorganised men ln
industry can be brought together,
starting mixed locals of this sort
new   members -will have the bene-
of the greater experience of the
rasrle weavers ln the manner of
ryin.gr on tbe detailed affairs of the
on. "This method would also prove
xable in. keeping the newly organ-
I nto—. from becoming victims of
Ignlng employers..
0 guard tbe principle of autonomy
Bach branch of the Industry and
mlt   the   particular business of the
■ re luatloo to be done by those most
iliar   -with   the   details  of  the  sev-
departments, I would, suggest that
leasure be Incorporated giving to
x local branch the right to vote on
decide separately those questions
of sv sufficient magnitude to prop-
justify a decision of a joint exec-
& hoard or an International officer,
a law could apply equally well ln
er mixed locals or after they have
a segregated.
bxis segregation should take place
ra the mixed locals have become
ig as to become unwieldy, or when
saxay other reason tt appears that
hu sin ess of the organization can
better   managed   or   conserved  by
1 action.
hen more than one. local of either
irtment, or- ot the same depart-
t. are organized in the same dty
ra places adjacent to each. other,
Ixat  executive board should be cre-
by    the   election   of  delegates  in
numbers   as   may   be  desired  or
exi    upon.     From  the  delegates so
en  the officers of the board should
sleeted, after which regular meet-
should   be  held  to consider such
en  as  may be passed on to them
any   of   the   locals.    Where only
cE locals are organised the body as
sole- can consider and decide ques-
in    which     tbe    several   depart-
a    have    a   common   concern,   and
-which Joint action Is desired.
Initiation   and   Dues,
e  rate  of dues and initiation fees
►   fixed   for  the new members we
soon to have ln our ranks will be
plexing question for us to decide,
the   standpoint  of abstract Jus-
the    rate    of   dues   ought   to   be
1   upon   as.  percentage of the earn-
of    the    workman.    This   policy,
ver.   It   bas   been  possible to em-
only   ln   the  oldest and best dis-
__  unions.     We may hope, some
to reach this same point, but for
resent,  perhaps, lt should be con-
Mi  from another angle.
es  of the opinion that the average
s    of   loggers   and   woodsmen will
are, ln  a measure, favorably with
of   shingle   weavers.    If  this is
the  rate of dues for this class of
night be fixed at the same rate as
>ald   by  the  shingle weavers.    In
iw   mills,  on tbe other hand, but
y    small   percentage  of the men
xe    wages   of   either  the  shingle
its     or    tbe    loggers.        It   would
therefore, that the monthly dues
-xeee     men    should   be   somewhat
than    for   the   others,  with  the
percentage of the local dues be-
Jd the International.
can   believe  that the rate of ln-
n.   allowed   by   our present Inter-
al   laws to members of newly or-
>d  locals. If made to apply to new
ers  coming into the departments
formed,   should   not  be  burden-
However,   no  exorbitant Initiation Id   be   charged, since lt is of
more Importance to get the men
he  money.     This is detail which,
an    exchange   of   -views,   will   no
become clear.
scale of wages to be adopted as
icial one for the men in the new
menta will be rather a difficult
The one In operation already
a shingle mills will answer the
e of that department, with such
-B as may seem desirable and
ary- In  considering this as af-
; the other departments, it will
ly be tbe better plan to leave
itter of -wage scales for woods-
nd sawmill workers locals to
>ut. assisted by tbe advice of the
i of the International. This
seems the wisest one to adopt.
e of the lack of, or very meager,
>ntation of these branches of
luatry in our convention. By
ae of the next convention lt may
►ed that we shall have enough
of sawmill -workers and woods-
rgantzed, which wi!l be repre-
, to insure tbem a voice ln thla
her matters vital to their inter-
Much time waa later •pent in properly
drilling the soldiers la military tactics, and by that'means the early disaster* due to the premature encounters with the better disciplined enemy
were overcome.
The chief danger we shall encounter
In organising on the enlarged scale
will be the likelihood of engaging in
premature' strikes. The oppression
heaped upon sawmills and logging
camp employees in the past has been
so flagrant that many men will be Inclined to give way to their long accumulated Indignation by exerting
their new-found strength by strikes In
an effort to obtain redress ot their
drying grievances. The experiences
of the Federal soldiers at the battle ot
Bull Run ought to serve as a warning
and Indue* the wisdom ot "making
haste slowly." On occasion, too, It
happen* that men of fiery temperaments, snd sometimes even emissaries
of the employers themselves, precipitate struggles which prove the undoing
of young though, perhaps, strong and
prosperous unions. To insure success
we ought to organise aa thoroughly
as possible before making demands
of a radical nature. By doing this
we are sure, ultimately, to meet with
the same splendid success that has
marked the growth of the Shingle
Weavers' Union even ln their Isolated
position. Merely because a thing is
right,' merely beoause a grievance demand* redress. Is by no means proof
that success would follow a strike. In
the last analysis, power Is the only
factor that will Insure certain success.
Let us then develop a power sufficient
to cope with the forces against which
we shall have to contend. The general'feeling of confidence which lt is
our privilege to possess ln the ability
of the Shingle Weavers' Union to pilot
the new movement should be Justified'
by tbe care we exercise ln behalf of
the men we shall draw Into our organization during the coming year,
rag the early stages of the civil
aazxy of the reverses .sustained
Union army were directly trace-
the lack: of preparedness of the
-when   they  engaged  in battles.
The labor movement-of tbe Pacific
Coast la face to face with a new
problem. Much depends on its solution.
The Panama Canal is nearlng completion. Two years hence the big
European liners will land at San Francisco and Seattle, direct from the congested districts of Southern and Eastern Europe.
In the New England States, in New
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and
other states on and near the Atlantic
Coast we have aeen the effect of this
sort of immigration. In the cotton
and woollen mills Italians and Slavs
work for. wages actually below the
starvation line. In the steel mills the
same conditions prevail. Government
reports. Issued after thorough investigations, are authorities for these facts.
That the conditions in most coal
mines are somewhat better is wholly
due to the efforts of the United Mine
Workers of America. The crystallised
power of 377,000 organised coal miners has prevented the. existence of
such degrading conditions as prevail
in the industries that are practically
In the disease-breeding sweat shops
of New York, Chicago, St. Louis and
other cities we find probably the worst
condition* existing anywhere, a problem slowly being solved through the
heroic, efforts of ihe Garment Workers' Union*, and nearly all sweat shop
workers are immigrants from Eastern
and Southern Europe.
In the big packing houses hordes of
unorganized tollers, from the same
European countries are slaving under
conditions that stagger Imagination,
All of thla gives one an Idea of what
might happen on thla Coast after the
opening of the Panama Canal. And
from the experiences' ot the miners,
and to a small degree the garment
workers, one may readily see that A
We should profit by the costly experience of the workers on the Atlantic Coast and In the large cities.
We should organise the unorganised
workers already here. We should
make lt possible tor the thousands
that-are coming to be immediately absorbed into the great body of organised labor. We. will thui make allies
out of our fellow workers coming from
the foreign shores, Instead of being
compelled to try to compete with
them, the Inevitable result of which
is the starvation wages and disease-
breeding condition* that we see In the
Eastern States.
The lumber industry Is by far the
most important in the West, and In
the Pacific Northwest it is absolutely
dominating our economic and social
life. With the lumber workers organised upon the opening of the Canal
a great step will have been made toward settling the problem we are now
That the daily press, which Is largely controlled by Big Business, which
again means, In most localities, the
big lumber interests. Is alive to the
situation has been-made clear by editorial expressions in these papers during the past few months. The American-Reveille, of Beilingham, Wash.,
has perhaps displayed a little more
bluntness In handling this question
than any other newspaper. Under the
heading, "Opening of Canal Will Solve
Labor Problem," thla paper, which is
owned by the same: Interests thst control The Ledger and The News, ot
Tacoma, says ln part:
"Labor Is now rather high In price
and scarce. But the opening of the
Panama Canal two years hence will
see the landing ot 50,000 laborers from
the South ot Europe on the Pacific
Coast, the greater portion of this number coming direct to the Puget Sound.
Here will the labor problem be solved.
Plenty of cheap and faithful labor to
clear land, to spray, to prune,, to pick
and pack. The fruit grower of the
Pacific Northwest will he able to have
his fruit picked and packod by skilled
labor within three years for a tithe
of what it costs him now. And that is
why so many people are going Into the
berry and fruit business on a large
scale. Until now the cost of clearing
land has been almost prohibitive.
With Italian and Slav labor two years
from now It can be done for one-third
the cost at berry picking, fruit picking
and packing. Immigration of laborers
from Southern Europe will solve tb*
problem that has confronted th*
Pacific Coast producer),, tenners and
fruit raisers from the day Chinese Immigration was prohibited. Cheap
labor will do the work. Tho American
owner will secure the pfoflts. With
the huge profits, now made on fruits,
they will be increased te per cent, by
plentiful and' cheap labor." •
Tbat this menace to liibor is no Idle
nightmare might be Judged from article*  that   have   appeared   in th*
Seattle Times and other Coast papers.
According to these, we find that agents
of big steamship companies are now
selling passage tickets to prospective
Immigrants on the Instalment plan.
The fare from. Europe to the Pacific
Coast Is only ISO—less thsn 110 more
than is now charged for steerage pas-
sengers to New York.
The same article tell us that 500,000
will land on the Western Coast during
the first year after the opening of the
Canal. The great possible opportunities for cheap labor make the mouths
of Big Business water.
The probable great Increase In population will mean a greatly Increased
activity ln manufacturing. The prospect of cheap labor Is already causing
Eastern manufacturers to look for factory sites out here. Lumber being the
chief resources the products to be
manufactured will naturally be largely
such aa require lumber ln their production. That an Increased activity
in the lumber Industry will be the
principal immediate result of the opening of the Canal Is practically a foregone conclusion.
Considering this, we msy rest assured that lt Is the Intention of the
lumber barons that the Influx ot foreign labor Is to be utilised in forcing
down the standard of living among the
workers In the lumber Industry, Just
as Oriental labor has been used to a
great extent lh British Columbia.   .
The foregoing Is the very best argument for organising the quarter of a
million workers ln the forests- and
mills of the Pacific Northwest NOW.
By closing up ranks WITHOUT DELAY we will be prepared to welcome
our brothers from the foreign shores
In a manner worthy of brothers. We
will be enabled to absorb them Into
our organisation, and Instead of bringing all of us down to the level of the
slaves of the hellholes of the Eastern
cities, they will help us maintain, or
even raise, our present standard..
But we have no time to lose. We
must begin NOW. And we must lay
aside any pet theories or prejudices
and make up our minds to get together during the next year. We can do
it if we get to work.
If we fall now, lt will take years,
yes, perhaps, decades, to win what we
can attain by Just a little teamwork
during the next few months. If we
fall, not alone those engaged In the
lumber Industry but all other workers,
Including those now unorganised, will
feel the result, and feel It keenly,
In next week's articles some of the
obstacles, wblch probably must be encountered within Labor's own ranks in
furthering the work of organising the
lumber workers, will be discussed.
Socialist Meeting,
E. T. Kingsley will speak on "Socialism" In the Labor Temple Sunday (tomorrow), January'26, at 8 p.m.
Dave Carley'i Bouquet.
Ladysmlth Chronicle: The holiday
Issue of the B, C. Federatlonist Is a
credit to its enterprising snd capable
publisher, Mr. R. P. Pettlplece. Included was sn able review of labor
matters.In British Columbia for tbe
past twenty-live years, written by tbe
veteran trades unionist, Mr. George
Bartley. This special Issue Is not confined to labor matters alone, much
space being devoted to industrial and
business development.
'   Our Pre-Cotivention Number.
Toronto Lance: The British Columbia Federatlonist of Vancouver Issued
a special edition of 32 pages as a
Christmas number. It is a creditable
publication, replete with labor news,
A(Md etn jo 'ssiAueqjo pus prauoiBrq
Ince, numerous Illustrations, and excellently printed on line paper. The Federatlonist shows that It Is the handiwork of skilled craftsmen, mechanical
and otherwise, and lt carries a healthy
collection ot advertisements—sinews
of war that are always acceptable and
Carpenters' Social.
The saw and hammer men, as enrolled under the. carpenters' organisations, the largest body ot organised
labor In Vancouver, will hold the second of their series of social evenings
on Friday, February 7th, in the auditorium of the. Labor. Temple. The
function on this occasion will take tbe
form ot a dance, commencing at I
p.m. During the evening songs and
recitations will be given and refreshments served. All carpenters, their
families, and friends are Invited to attend. Tickets, 60 cents each (ladles
free), may be obtained from the business agents, members of the committee or the Labor Temple Cigar Store,
H. J. McE.
A movemenet hss been started
aipong the Brotherhood of Bookbinders to raise a fund for the benefit
of President Robert Glockllng's wife
and child. Mr. Glockling Is slowly dying at Indianapolis of cancer, but hli
mind Is as clear ib ever and he per
■lets In transacting whatever business
he can for the organisation from his
sickbed. The only thing that Is
worrying him Is the future of bla wife
and little girl, as hli union work and
long siege of Illness did not permit
him to save any money. It Is certain
that If the Brotherhood makes the
subscription a popular one, hundreds
of friends will flnd pleasure ln contributing.—P. Obermeyer, Hamilton
Herald. --
Thi Nsw Recruit le Busy.
Last year W. R. Trotter, organiser
for the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, Instituted a central labor
body at Prince Albert, Sask. As. the
result of the agitation of this Trades
and Labor Council, followed by the
action of the police commission; all
White girls employed In Chinese restaurants at Prince Albert have been
Induced to quit their positions. This
Is ohe of the flrst problems taken up.
The Chinese objected strenuously, but
the police commission approves the
movement being ln accord with the
new provincial law passed last session. The girls quit their Jobs quietly,
but the Chinese, not only of Prince
Albert, but all tbe western provinces,
are understood to be preparing to combat the law.
Porcupine,  Ont,  miners  still  on
strike. Keep away.
Printer's Ink, th* recognised authority on advertising questions, afisr a
thorough Investigation oh thi subject,
A Labor papsr Is a far batter advertising medium than an ordinary n<~
paper In. comparison to circulation.
Labor  * ■-  •-—■-- -
than an ordinary news-
.   ...irlaon to circulation.    A
6spar, tor example., having 2,000
,rs,        -    —■   "
     r-r —,           ,«C,    IIS,
subscribers,  Is  more  valuapli
I man who advertises ln it nan
inary papsr with 6,000 suksorlf-
Agents Waited
Throughout Canada to sell
Vancouver Real Estate and
British Columbia Acreage
References given and required.   Liberal commissions.
Labor Temple Building
Dunsmuir Street Vancouver, B. C.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
Padmore s Big Cigar Store
your WINTER suit
Should be Tailor-made ud made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select from
FRED PERRY Labor TemPle Tailor
Comer Homer and Duaunuir Stmt,
Imperial Wine
Phone Bar. 9SS
Direct Importers of
Goods Delivered Free to sll
'   puts of the city
tight and Heavy Norses
and Shetland Ponies for Sal*
646 Hornby St.-    Phone Sey. 79a
Stay  away
Strike on!
from   Porcupine, Ont
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 P*r V**r
Miners' Magaslne (OS Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main St. Fohnerly at 440
Tajtcorrrsus,». 6.
Berry Bros.
Asents for Cleveland Cycles,
"Che -sterol* with the aasatattn"
Full line of accessories  ,
Repairs promptly executed
ui ausnaoa ■*. a.
stone SJeiauar TNI
Ask your BARBER For
Qualltr th* Boat
ka-sswajus somraai
For  Mills,   Foundries,  Canneries,
Building Contractors, Blacksmiths,  Etc.
•is nim on. -...
Taaanvsr, a, o.
tj Do not watte your time in
taking our advioe, but just
look at what we do and leave
th* rest to us. All you have
to do is to give us ths copy,
tell us what you want, .and
your return will justify your
confidence. Why? Beoause
we print ao that you will come
Labor Temple Building
Phone Seymour 824
Meets flrst and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. President, O. Dean; corresponding secretary, F. Sumptor: flnan-
ifa--  " "-        - •*•
v.«. secretary, D. Scott: treasurer, I. Ty-
son; business agent, ltt R. Still. Phone
Sey. 1514
. UNION OF AMERICA, Local No.178
—Meetings' held flrst Tuesday In each
month, 8. u.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; recording and corresponding secretory, w. W. Hooken, P. 6. Box 508;
Inanolal secretary, L. Kakely, P. O. Box
C03.     .
nicns   waarao—Tor  sto
school; salary, ITS per month. Apply
to H. Judd, aeeretary, Brackendalo
P.O., B, C.
Without Interest by the
Contract Plan
on* oosT-raao-M rsovisa -fob
1. Loans-wlthout Interest.
2. Guaranteed  premium  of 1100
at maturity In lieu of loan.
3. Suspension   of   payments' In
case of sickness or accident.
4. No "advance payments" or entrance fees.
K.   No Fines.
Whir pas- Interest te rousslft
Star we explain our eoatnut te
»on»    Offloe open evnlafe.
Home Loan & Contract
Co., Ltd.
433   BIOHABDS   ST.
Taaooaver, a. 0.
Directors: Fred A. Hoover, J. B.
MoVety. James Brown, Edward Lothian,
James, Campbell, J. w. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece. John McMillan Murdock McKensle. Managing director, J. H. MoVety, Room 211;   Sey. 1110.
Licensee --Gravity System" of Placing Concrete
.j . .      .      .. .
163 Vanoouver Blook,       Phone Sey. 864       Vancouver, B. 0
Established 1890 Head Office and Works: Oar. Richards and Smyths Sts.
Phonta: Seymour 58*4-1661 Down-Town Ofla* 808 Hastings Street W. .
vj&wiLjym,■■& m.jmfffi', JAwi^Mms.
Deolsrstlon of Prlnolples.
The British Columbia Federation ot Labor Is organited tor
the purpos* ot voiding the needs
and aspirations of Labor, legislatively and otherwise; and to
provide a place for worthy members of Its sfflllated unions to
participate In the discussion ot
those practical, problems, upon
the solution of whloh depends
their welfare as workera, Individually and collectively.
With the Introduction ol the
modern machinery of production and the harnessing of the
forces of Nature, lt Is only fitting tbat the wealth producers
should participate in the benefits derived.
We, therefore, pledge our-
selves to unceasingly demand
a universal work-day ot eight
hour* or lee's; so long as labor-
power Is sold as a commodity.
We believe there is more
efficacy ln electing working
class representatives to writ*
th* law than hy supplicatory
methods; and our efforts will
be more ln. that direction In
We are firmly convinced that'
the future belongs to .the only
useful people In humsn society
—the working olass.   ,
FIRST DAY—Morning Session.
Monday, Jan. 18th, 1918.:
Delegate SHEEN, President ot the
Victoria Trades-and Labor Council,
called the convention to order at 10
a.m., and said in part. .
"It gives me great pleasure, oa be-1
halt of the Trades snd Labor Counoll
of Victoria, to welcome the delegate*
of this-convention, and I trust that,
our work at this time will be still more
successful than last time. I am proud
to know that the Federation has lay
creased .In numbers since our last
meeting, and I realise that the Federation Is ths only thing that the working men ln this province bave to look
to tor Improvement ot their conditions.
"The Trades and Labor Council
bave a reception committee, and they
have arranged some entertainment for
tonight. We trust you will enjoy
yourselves while in the city, although
the weather ts bad, snd 1 extend you
heartiest welcome (rom the Labor
Council."   (Applause,)
Delegate Sheen than, irresented
President Wilkin with, the gavel.    ..
President WILKINSON said In part:
"I shall not need to waste much
time In assuring the President ot the
local Trades and Labor Council that
we heartily appreciate the welcome
and th* assurance of hospitality which
he has extended to us .this morning,
We have been to Victoria tor our convention often enough to know what
kind of a reception we shall get trom
the local organised labor movement.
We can look back to similar delightful occasions, and we shall not have
much fear of their efforts to entertain
us. However, your* chief business
while here is neither to entertain or.
to be entertained. This Federation
has been brought together by great
expense sad effort, and I trust that
your main object during your entire
stay here will be to remember that
you are to represent the workers and
to labor ln their Interest. Now, I
know that it is rather difficult for the
average mm to summon up. much
Imagination In the face oi a dull grey
•ky, but I hope to see you all make
some effort to .grasp the possibilities
which lie before this Federation, and
also to make some sttempt to get an
idea ot tbe gigantic talk which confront! you. We are not deluded by
some of the Industrial condition!
which exist in-other countries;, the
lines are more sharply defined here
than they are In some of the more
populous centres of Europe. Now, for
that reason, I hope you will grasp the
possibilities which He at the back ot
the Federation, I would ask you to
take the widest and most liberal views
of the questions which come before
you; I mean liberal from the mental
and not from the political point of
' view. If we are to bring the best out or
these gatherings we must, ae far as
possible, eliminate any personal feeling
from our deliberations, so that we may
lay down the foundations of a structure
which wtll be in the very best interests of the working people, for I do
not believe that the organisation of
the wage-workers ot tbls province has
reached the full extent of Its usefulness.
"Now, with these few words I will
bid you a welcome, and I trust that
In all your deliberation!, you will be
guided by the sole desire to serve the
best Interests of the class to which
you belong. It Is my object to enable
every delegate to bring lorth the best
that may be In him. (Applause.) It
gtvas me pleasure to Introduce to this
convention Mr. Beokwlth, Mayor of
the City of Victoria."
MAYOR BECKWITH: Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the B. C. Federa
tlon of Labor: I am very pleased Indeed to. extend you a hearty welcome to
. this city of Victoria. I had the pleasure
of saying a few words-to you a year
ago, and I am very glad to: say that
Victoria Is the spot In which, to hold
conventions. I am sure that! hope on
this occasion your stay will be a very,
pleasant one, and not only chat It will
be pleasant In the light of being a
visit to your annual convention, but I
hope that It will be pleasant for yon
to get through with your business In
a manner that will be satisfactory to
you, and that lt will be of such a
nature that It will result ln great profit
to all engaged In this gathering. I
wish you success. I may say, Hr.
Chairman, that i have a very long experience with business firms of various kinds, and the firms who have
the greatest amount of consideration
for their employees are the concerns
that get the greatest result! ln the
end.' Now, I do not know whether
thli is a departure from the ordinary
welcome, but I think that these remarks will be beneficial as well. I
thank you very much, and I hope to
meet you again.   (Applause.)
Is present ln the room Mr. Frank Far-
rlneton. who Is an International Board
member of the United Mine Workers
of America. I hope that on another
occasion, later In the proceedings, .Mr.
Farrington will undertake to offer
to thli convention some of tbe results
of his long experience.
Mr. Robt. Foster Is also a delegate
to this convention, and I hop* he will
ask* It a point to give us his vi*w*.
The PRESIDENT Called on Mr. F.
Farrington, International Board member United Mine Workeri of America
to address the convention.   ■.
to assure this convention, that It affords me considerable pleasure to be
able to meet you thli morning. I expect to be with your, convention for a
few days. You, gentlemen, have met
here for the purpose of devising wayi
and means that will prove of advantage to tbe workeri not only on Vancouver Island, but In the Province of
British Columbia and throughout the
Dominion of Canada. Later on, the
work of thli convention Will go down
ln history,, and will: prove of great
Interest to the workers of Canada
Out of deierence to the chairman I
■hall say "Hello," and' I hope that the
work of thli convention will prov* of
considerable benefit to the workers
toroughout British Columbia and-Csn-
Ida With these brief remarks I desire to thank you for the consideration
given mi, ana later I hope to address
you. on something that will-prove ot
Interest vto your convention.
PRESIDENT: We have with us this
norning Premier McBride, who will
now address you.
man, ladles and gentlemen: I think
that 1 should at one* acknowledge to
your president and to the association
here assembled the most cordial
thanks I can tor the kind invitation,
Which I have in my pocket, to be here
this morning. This Is not the first
meeting of your orgsnlsatlon that
I have attended In the Capital City,
In speaking to you I am privileged
to address one ot the most Important
and influential gatherings that could
be assembled In the confines of the
country. The government that I have
tbe honor to lead Is not a labor gov*
ernment. It Is a government for all
the people of the province of British
Columbia. I know that many of those
who are ,n this room are most emphatic with their declarations, and
tbat they mean that any government
of British Columbia must be a labor
government pure and simple. While
I have every respect for tbelr views,
at the same time I question very
muoh If that state of affairs were to
be Instituted ln this country that the
same prosperity and contentment that
Is now to be met with would exist
Now then, ladles and gentlemen, understanding our respective positions
with regard to the government of the
• In the flrst place I can see that we
open the year 1913 with a great deal
of encouragement. Signs of the
times, in my humble opinion anyway,
point to splendid opportunity. The.
programme of works is unquestionably a varied and expensive one ln
respect to the building of railways
along the undertakings for which the
C. P. R., Canadian Northern, O. T. P.,
the Oreat Eastern, E. ft N. and. Oreat
Northern, in round figures, run right
Into the millions, If you glance over
the map of British Columbia you will
observe that these Hues are ln districts not only In the far north, but
also ln the lands lying ln the Grand
Trunk tone and C. P. R. belt; not
only in Vancouver Island,, but alio In
the Simllkameen and Okanagan.
Well, these new enterprises not only
mean the opening up of millions of
acres, but will result ln large additions
to our population. It seems to me
that It would be difficult to flnd any
records in Canada where larger enter
prises of this sort during the whole
history of the confederation have been
undertaken within the same period
of time. In addition to what the railways propose to do, there are the
undertakings of the Dominion and
local governments, In themselves of
considerable value. Then, too, there
will be the various municipal Improvements, and In addition to this there
will be the gigantic work of private
I think that the conclusion may be
arrived at that In different parts of
British Columbia this year there will
be an abundance of work for everybody. Now, the question may be
asked when I make this statement
this.morning in what respect may
labor Interests be involved lh these
new developments? I would say to
you, ladles and gentlemen,'1 that' ln
my own humble opinion the labor Interests of the province of British
Columbia will be well recognised, I
am told by men competent to speak,
who say that the working men of
British Columbia are getting better
conditions than are working men anywhere else tn the world. There are
dally Illustrations brought home to us
that the legitimate workmen of the
world, when they can buy tickets, are
coming here to take their place
imongst us. I have been In contact
with the workmen of British Columbia
—they are a fine body of men, though
there are some exceptions.
Now, there Is, as you are well aware,
a Labor commission about to commence Its session under an authority
from the provincial government. So
long as we have political Institutions
in this country, Just so long will we
have labor difficulties of more or less
a serious character, but I put h to you
that It la as much your work as It u
that of the provincial government, and
where fair means may be bad we shall
lose no opportunity, to do our part to
bring about peace. Now, the Labor
commission has not been designed to
investigate strikes; It has not been
formed to decide as to what, may be
done as to this or the other opinion
that effects labor in British Columbia
I have been meeting the executive of
this board from year to year, and re-
calved suggestions for legislation;
then again/by way of correspondence,
one Is Informed now' and again as to
what might be done. Now, the government wants to find olit Just what
there Is' as to all this* complaints and
suggestions, and If there Is anything
the government can do to Improve conditions.
Now,, this commission has been
n.ade up from representative men of
the country so far aa ln th* opinion
*W the government It was possible to
make auch an arrangement It has
teen the custom of the government to
try ind find out through some Independent agenqy all the Information
with respect to the subject to be dealt
with; and'on questions affecting insurance, taxation, agriculture and
other Important and fir reaching attain In British Columbia we have been
able, through the work of royal commissioners, to draft laws, and so it Is
with regkrd to the labor situation. '
would like to state to you, ladies and
gentlemen, before I close my remaras
thtl. morning, that there are Just
about two questions I should Ilk* to
address myself on, with your kind permission—one li with respect to Oriental, immigration, I would like to say
to you this morning that sines tbe
federal government took office in 1911,
the government of British Columbia
has steadily pursued the demand for a
white British Columbia, No opportunity has been lost by us In emphasising the very dire necessity today ot
preserving British Columbia and Canada for our own people. The federal
authorities, with whom I was privileged to' have a conference some
weeks ago, are how In conference with
us. It has always been very difficult
to make eistern Canada realise what
the yellow peril means. They do not
come In contact with the.men from
the Orient. There II not the realisation of the danger that lies In Oriental
Immigration. We in these parts have
agreed that it Is Impossible that any
assimilation should take place wltb
these people. Wa have also agreed
tbat lt Is absolutely Impossible fdr the
white laborer to work side by side
with the yellow men.
With all of these facts before us,
there haa been one and the only conclusion, and that la prohibition against
Asiatics. I want to say this morning
that we have every expectation that
we shall be able to secure from the
federal government the guarantee! for
the white population that are absolutely necessary. There Is a charge
against the government that we have
tried to make thla question a political
one; that Is not thi cue. The conservatives, liberals and socialists all
agree on this question, and when we
go down to Ottawa to make a demand
(or legislation, we do so with a strong
determination that we owe lt to
society and to the state at large.   {
There Is one more question, and that
relates to educational affairs. I am
very glad to be able to state that we
have made material progress. It Is
expected tbat the university will open
its academic classes tbls fall, This,
ot course, will be free, under the management and tuition of a very able and
masterly staff, and lt is the intention
of the government to try and secure
tor our university the very best teachers that may be had for a reasonable
compensation, i want to see the sons
of working men of British Columbia
take advantage of this Institution; 1
want lt to be popular, and I oan assure you that whenever you wish to
approach me on the subject lt will be
a pleasure to meet your representatives. We claim In British Columbia
that we keep up to the times, and do
not look behind. You will not Una
this part of Canada looking back.
Now, I thank you for your kindness
and your patience. I regret that there
have been strikes In tbls country, but
these are conditions over which we
have no control. I want to say again
that I appreciate your kindness, It Is
a spirit of generosity that you flnd ln
all countries that come under the
Union Jack.  I thank you.  (Applause.)
A delegate desired to ask the
premier a question,
Premier Is here at the Invitation of the
Labor Council, and It Is not my intention to go Into any details unless It Is
the wish of the Premier; but I am going to remember thlt the Premier Is
the guest of this convention, nnd as
long as lam ln the chair of this convention I shall rightfully insist that no
advantage shall be taken of him. He
Is a busy man, and on behalf of the
convention I thank him for coming
here this morning.
THE PREMIER: Thanks Indeed for
the words of the chairman. I may
say that those who know me In British
Columbia know perfectly well that I
oan take care of myself against any
man In thla room, and I shall be
pleased to moet any oi you at any
time.   (Applause.)
PRESIDENT: We have with us In
this convention this morning Mr. J. H.
Wallace, ot the state of Washington.
I hope that you will give Mr. Wallace
every opportunity of entering as fully
as he may wish to do for two reasons;
the flrst one Is this, tbat he has to
leave on the afternoon boat, Then
again, your executive board during the
past year have been making strenuous efforts (regarding Insurance acts
of the various states, and particularly
of Washington, which Is supposed to
bave one of the best acts of the world.
MR. T. H. WALLACE: It gives me
Indeed great pleasure to be with you
this morning. I think If I had my
choice I would rather that President
Case had been with you; but President
Case has accepted a position as street
superintendent of the city of Seattle,
which makes lt Impossible for him to
attend this meeting,
After listening to the very able address of your honourable premier this
morning, ln which he made a statement that the workmen of British Col-
umbia ware probably as prosperous as
the workmen of any other part of the
world, I thought of whkt was said to
the Apostle when he waa oh trial for
hla life.
You will understand that I was bom
under the Union Jack. Early In my
years I adopted another country, i
am an American nowr and this morning I waa almost tempted to come
over,and be a British Columbian; but
we are so near In kin snd customs
and everything that lt makes very little difference aa to the Imaginary line!
I do not believe that I am simple
enough to believe that,, the American
citlsen his anything over the citlsen
of Oreat Britain.: I do hot believe that
you are narrow enough to think that
you, at British Columbians, or. subject! of Great Britain, an superior to
the people of .the United States. 'I do
believe, however,: that the gnat work
confronting every civilised country
makes us brothers, and.It I can say
nothing else this morning that will Interest you, I am going to speak of the
great family of men known as labor
men who are working to make pos.
stole better conditions, if not for our
selves, then for the generation! that
.will follow us.
Sneaking on the particular subject
on which I am to address you, undor
the .old liability system that Is in
force- in some of the American
states—and I understand lt is ln force
In British Columbia, with the exception ot a 11,500 ConipenBatlon law—
the men that were stricken down ln
their efforts to make an honest living,
in almost every Instance had to prove
that It was not an assumed risk ot the
trade, or that lt wis not attributable
to the negligence.of the employer himself. Sometimes It waa very difficult
for the poor workman to do tail himself. I am sorry to say it was as difficult for him to get witnesses from hli
X>t-elet*ed   leeMtary-Treasanr   a.
-ndttstkmof taker.
own men as lt was to establish It
from the mouth of the employer. The
reason was not difficult to see; it was
because men were loath to go into
court, and that was not the worst of
It, I myself sometimes think they perjured themselveB, and left the court
room worse citizens than they were
before they went In, a condition that
we must all depiore; Over In our
state, when we took up this question
ourselves, we went Into the history,
and we found that out of all the Industries of the state the accident Insurance companies were gathering premiums amounting to 1600,000 'a
year. The workman received out of
that 1800,000 less than 8100,000.   Now
Vloe-Vtesldeat-eleot a. O. rederatloa of
you will agree with me that there was
something wrong,
I had the pleasure of the company
of the labor delegate, Dave floss, at
Spokane, He Is well known to some
of the men of this meeting, and he
spoke of one case In particular where
a ahip crossing the Great Lakes was
In Chicago being loaded with gasoline,
and blew up. Suit waa entered to recover damages. Everybody aboard
the ship was killed, and he said the
case dragged on and on, and being
appealed from one court to another;
and he says' today It Ib still save, al-
thougn every man, Including Judge and
Jury, have been dead for three years,
Now he said: "My friends, we started
that suit; Ood alone only knows when
that Butt will end, and God doesn't
tell." That Is characteristic of my
friend Ross, but It was a true saying
nevertheless. So that we thought If
we must have delayed justice, and In
some Instance no justice at all—If, In
other words, our money must be taken
to subsidize Insurance companies, why
not make some effort to give it back
to the people It belongs toT Let the
Insurance people take care of some
other work. We started that In th*
United States. We have the best compensation act ln the United States today, and lt compares very favorably
with the best ln Europe. We are not
always satisfied—that Is a characteristic of laboring men.
I said we are not altogether satisfied. During the last 10 yean we have
bad Injured almost 18,000 men.   Noth-
Ing In the world Ilk* thli compensation system of dun for giving publicity
to the toll demanded on the lives and
limbs of the workmen. If we have
not done anything' else, we have
aroused th* public to th* fact that
there are too many nun being ground
up in industry, which will mean ultimately hatter protection tor those that
an left behind, I am not so much in-
'erested In compensation as you may
think. It don not giv* as any par-
tlcular pleasure that 19,000 of our men
wen maimed or killed during the last
rear, -'What I do hop* to see Is this—
the using of a proportion of this
money for better devices to make compensation unnecessary, it the employer will safeguard my place of employment so I may return home safely
from my employment, I am willing
that he shall keep Ms premiums If hs
will only give m* protection while I
am in his employment, and no honest
employer can. say that h* has done his
best to save the lives and the limbs
of hli workmen. I know, that when
we first enacted this law thsn were
a great many .men that did hot want
it Sotne ot the trades unionists
wanted a liability law that would giv*
then that glittering hope ot becoming
suddenly rich. I have In mind one of
the boys who wai hurt He wai
crippled up very bldly, and he took hli
case Into court, and be got 920,000.
How many men have I known that
were killed or suffered broken backs,
that were maimed for life, who could
not charge the company with criminal
negligence, and could not get one cent
I say that the law tnat does not
grant some kind of compensation li
not the right kind of law if It does not
give them enough to live on the rest
of their lives. Down ln Oregon some
of the building 'trades feel tbat they
want to hang on to other, laws. t.
know very little of the merits of tbelr
lsw, but I have expressed my opinion.
Another phaie of our law that wai discussed with a great deal of fervor
and misgiving li this—can., you approach a law as outlined under -the
old casualty insurance system* Yes,
hut then ire first two facts that must
wander Into that subject I will grant
that for the first few years the cost
of the new act will absorb or even
exceed the rate paid to the casualty
Insurance companies.
I was speaking to a business mm in
your town, who said they were Insured
for 11.600. He stated the case of a
man that wai killed. The cue wai
taken Into court, and. the company
n»M 92,1100, although they were only
'loble for 91.600. I wondered how
muoh of the (2,600 found Its way to
the defendants ond how much wu absorbed In the cost! of the trial. I said
they had paid out In our state leu
thsn 9100,000, but our corporations
had paid Into these, in 1900 over f.100,-
000 In Insurance premiums. I "do*
not know how much ot this money
ever found Its way Into the hands of
the workmen; certainly very little of
It, But In 1912, from tbe 1st October,
1911, until the 1st October, 1912, we
had paid out under this act In the
neighborhood of 9790.000 to the
workmen and their dependents In the
state of Washington. If you could take
a trip with me and see some of the
poor unfortunates that lost their limbs,
who are still alive, that will never be
able to toll any mon, and see the
smile ot satisfaction on their face; If
you could see the widows whose
homes have been saved becauie of
this lawl If you could see the children
that are going to school, you would
say Ood bless that law. I bave seen
men Injured down In the bowels of
the earth, and helped to cart-them out,
and you could not say It wu anybody's
fault. Did they get anything? They
never did. They wen kept for two or
three months until things wen quieted
down. Mother had to go out and earn
her living as well ss she could, ind
some of those families will never
again be re-untted.
If It ta wrong, let ui change It. If
we have to take care of tbem, let us
tax the Industry that grinds up men
just the same as we tax them for the
machinery that breaks down. Let us
see that these men are cared for when
they have become part of the machinery that Is worn out. It coit the employer, ib 1 said, 9700.000 to carry
on this work last year, but I claimed
tbat 60 per cent, of the acoldents thlt
occur tre avoidable. Men appreciate
their limbs more than they do any
human symbols of value In dollars and
cents, and If our work counts for anything lt means thtt each year we are
rolng to advocate that the legislature
do more for the protection of life and
limb, and talk less about matters that
an not of Interest to us.
There Is a waste of manhood and of
womanhood that Is absolutely unnecessary. If consideration were only given
to the protection of the machines at
which they work,
I recognise, ln your pnmter a splendid trait—I do not know whether you
do or not—that is that this gentleman
tells, you what he thinks. You cannot get away from that, i do not
know him; but he seems to have the
courage of his conviction, and tf labor
Ing men had the courage of their conviction and work with harmony you
would elect men of that calibre.
What we need today Is a united force
of men who fill the halls of legislature.
1 am going to tell you now some of the
salient points of our law. We work
upon a theory that our law Is to guarantee to the children an American
living, until they are able to earn lt
for themselves; but there Is another
misrepresentation of the act lu the,
minds ot our working people that Is
not true. Our law specifically states
that the mother must receive 120
per month until she dies or re-marrles.
For partial or total disabilities we
have a scale for single men not more
than 920 per month, and mnrrled
men not more than 936. If one of
our brothers lost an arm we pay a
lump cum hot to exceed 91.600 for
the limb. This he gets ln a lump sum
to do with il he pleases, but there Is
another featun to which I want to call
your attention, and It Is this: During
the administration ot the .act we have
had widows come down and uy: "We
have a mortgage on our hum*, for from
9600 to 91.000. Unle'.s you grant
ui a part of the respive we will lose
our home," Immediately one of our
men Is despatched, and if lt was worth
saving she li given that much, and the
amount per month is reduced. Thus
you see th* adminlstrstioa of ths law
has given great powers. We could
settle for a lump sum, that la true;
sometimes In much smaller amounts,
but we have Invariably refused to giv*
I said to you a whfta ago that 611 ot
our miner* hav* been Injured during
tbe lut year, 21 of them hav* been
killed, and we only employ about 0,000
in our state, ln th* mill working or
the wood working Industries of our
state we hav* (bout 40,000 of our employees. In logging, railroads snd In
the wood working plants, (and thsy
comprise one-third of th* man working
in our. state), these sua usually, just
u the miners do, pay Into a hospital
fund so tbat their doctor and hospital
treatment Is assured them, Our
theory is that hli hospital and medical
treatment ahould also be paid by th*
Industry. Whether we will be abl* to
ket this through at tha next uulon of
th* legislature or not I am unable to
say.: *•■••*"{  ■ jA &-.J
In summing up some of our totals,
-   J. -gAVAjTAM
-nee-x>reaUeiit-eleet 1. O. Tttnttn el
Saber. '
this confronted us th 60 caw that
came under my observation when the
men carried no. hospital protection:
they lost ln wages and by accident
treatment 913,000, they received In
compensation less than 93,000—the
doctor and hospital absorbs the money.
It only cost 970,000 to pay all claims
last. year. I say that the Individual
employer should be made responsible
for Injuries up to say 9200,000 or
9300,000. When the Individual employer finds that he hu been taxed
for a good many accidents, he Is going
to see that those accidents do not occur. That w why I am fighting tor It
We won't get all we Uk for, We'
never did; and lt we did, we would not
have anything to fight for, and we
would be lonesome. Another law that
we propose Is thst the maximum of
136.00 paid to mother and children
should be 146.00 per month, Another
Is, where a man Is left totally disabled, as 920 Is not enough, we are
asking for 930.00 where he Is able to
take care of himself, and 340 where
he Is to have an attendant.
Let me aay this ln conclusion. We
must fight aa good soldiers, having in
mind not our own personal opinion so
much as mankind ln general. (Loud
The PRESIDENT, ln thanking Mr.
Wallace for the very Interesting
speech which he had delivered, said:
"In extending our thanks I would extend the fraternal greetings ot the
convention, and In doing ao I am expressing the sentiments of tnis gathering."
Afternoon 8esslon.
January 13, 1913.
Convention was called to order by
President at 2 p.m.
Delegate TROTTER read report of
credentials committee u follows:
To tho officers and members of this
B. C. Federation of Labor:
Gentlemen—We have carefully examined all the credentials priced before us, and find that the undermentioned delegates are entitled to seats
at thla convention, their respective
organizations  having compiled with
the requirements of the constitution of
the B, C. Federation of Labor, and we
recommend that tbey be seated.
United Mine Workers of America,
No.   2299—Thomas   Fawkes,   Robert
Foster,   Wm.   Grieve,   J.   Sandwlth,
Robt. Walker, John McAllister.
United Mine Workers, Dlst. 18—J.
W. Gray,
United Mine Workers of America,
No. 2388—Sam Outhrle, Qeorge Murray, J. J. Taylor.
United Mine Workers of America,
No. 2334—Robert Oakes.
United Mine Workers ot America,
No. 2156—Arthur Jordan, James Dean,
Chris. Pattlnson.
Western Federation of Miners, Dlst.
No. 6—James Cuthbertson, Percy W.
New Westminster.
New Westminster Trades and Labor
Council—D. 8. Cameron, B, D. Grant.
Plumbers and Steamfltters, Local
Union No. 496—R. E. Peters.
Street and Electric Railway Employees, Dlv. No. 134—Launcelot Grimmer, John McLean.
New Westminster Typo. Union—L
Netherby, R. A. Stoney.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council- V. R. Mldgley, J. W. Wilkinson.
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters
and Jolnera (Vancouver District)—
Wm. Foxecroft, G. H. Page, O, F.
Bricklayer*' -and Miaous'" Iotas- . i
Uonal Union, No. l-j«. -fymtiW-'"
J. Pipes.
Strut Railwayman, DivjOl-W.
Cottnll, A. V. lifting, 1. rtrMs." ;T
United Brotherhood tt Carseauts,
No. 617—L. H. Burnham, Jaa. Ttlsgp '''
toll, 'W, ,8.  qtMishaiJLxtkif^ *
Donald, Sumner O'Brien, COoak
International Brotherhood of ■*••-
irtcal.Worken—W. F. Dsitn, A^thar
RhoadM, Robert R. RoMasoa.
International Longsbonmsa'i As-
sedation, Nos. 9951—Joseph Kelly,
George Thornis.
International Association of Maohta-
teti. No. 191-John Brookes, Jt*Tt,;*
Local 92, Tile Layers and H*hJ*M
I.U.—J. Kavanagh. - ^^T
326-H. C. Benson, R. a Neelands, B.
. :PetUpieoe, W. R. Trotter.
Pattern Makers-It. A. Samson.   .
i_\ .    Vltfcrla..'
Tradu and Labor ClouncU-Chriat-
lan Starts, A. Watchman.
Amalgamated Soclity of Carpenters
and Joiners—B. M. Altken, Robert
Havers, Bennett Simmons, J. L*y. H.
J. Shun. .,;
Walker, Theodora Cnwel, N. R. Hogg.
**. F, Shouldlce. w""
Int Brotherhood of BooUMsrs,
**•» No. »7*-V. 8. Hitchcock. Miss
Alice M. Kaiser.
Cooks, Walters aad Waltreww'
Union, No. 469—H. W. Martin.
i»iiJ?* f0^1*? ■■■-*■ BroUuwhood of
Electrical Work*ri-W. Raid, O. A.
Burnw, V. R. Romanes.
Victoria Laborers' Protective Union,
Federal No. 2—J; L. Martin, A. H.
Sherk. ——•
Longshoremen's Union oi Victoria.
Local 3849—A Tree, J. Hook, P.
**  1st Assoc; of Machinists, No. 46s—. '
A. Herburger, Ju. Tumbull.
Painter!' Union, Local No. S-Hd.
Gilllgan, T. H. Norrls, Frank Perrott
Amalgamated Sheet Metal Workers
—d. Brewster.
Local Union No. 168, Theatrical
Stage Employees—D. L. Smith. Jaa.
TatteraaU. ™   »
Op. Plasterers, Local 460—R. Johnson, M. F. Moran, J. Haney.
Building Trades Council—B. A.
King,. W. Coffey. '":'*
Plumbers and Steamfltters, No. 114
-rA. F. Oven, A. Mllllgan.
Moved by Delegate MoVety ind
seconded that report be adopted.
Delegate THOMAS: Will the secretary please read the statement that
Brother Trotter mentioned with regard to the seating of No, 824?
SECRETARY: I understand the
Plumbers are recommended for
a seat. The caw of the
Plumbers In Victoria Is that :
they owe something like 98.00, having paid 94.00 Instead of 912.00 by
mistake. Since that time they have
been on strike, since, I think, about
the flrst of December, aid as they Informed me that they wen. unable to
make up the amount, I advised that it
be recommended they should be
seated.   Motion carried.
CHAIRMAN: The third annual con-   *
ventlon of the B. O. Federation ot
Labor Is now properly constituted, and
ready for business.
First order of business waa the reading of the lists for committees aa follows:
Credential  Committee
W. R. Trotter... ....Vancouver
Geo.   MUn.ay Ladysmlth
L. Grimmer. New Westminster
T- Cr-ree] •■•• Victoria
J- Kelly ...Vancouver
Constitution and Lsw
C. Slvertz...... victor's
R. Walker..... Cumberland
J. L. Martin Victoria
W. H. Cottrell Vancouver
A. R. Sherk Victoria
Officers' Reports
A. Watchman. Victoria
G. F. Read Vancouver
L. H. Burnham Vancouver
W. Foxeoroft .Vancouver
R. A, Stoney New Westminster
A. Jordan Nanalmo
Ed. Gllllgm Victoria
A. Herburger _ Victoria
?• £*len Vlcto1»
J. W. Gray Fernle
J. H.' McVety Vancouver
G. H. Page Vancouver
R. Oakes Michel
J. Ferris... Vancouver
D. S. Cameron New Westminster
J.  Haslett Vancouver
B. D. Grant New Westminster
J. Sandwlth Cumberland
A. V. Lofting Vancouver
W. Grieve Cumberland
A. McDonald Vancouver
W. F. Dunn Vancouver
P.   Fisher Victoria
J. Kavanagh Vancouver
P. Johnston Sandon
Waya and Means
W. Pipes Vancouver
S. Outhrle  Udysmltb
H. D. Ballanger Victoria
W.  Reld Victoria
M. F. Moran Victoria
R. P. Pettlplece Vancouver
Miss A. M. Kaiser. Victoria
B. Sheen Victoria
T.  Fawkoa Cumberland
J. Brooks: Vancouver
N. R. Hogg Victoria
L. Netherby New Westminster
President Wilkinson called Vice-
President Slvertz to take the chair.
Pres. WILKINSON: The executive
this year have been able to arrange
things a little more conveniently for
the delegates. As I remember, at
the last convention, I said we had not
been able to buy even credential
forms. This year the executive have
adopted another plan, as they had
more money to do It with, and reposts
have been printed, so that each delegate could have a copy. The report
of the president and report of the
secretary-treasurer will be here this
afternoon, and tomorrow the report
of your executive will be ready, and
each delegate will be able to have a
copy of that also, and in that way
you will be able to study the reports. I must remind you that ln
submitting my report I have no record
of activities on behaif of the Federation to offer you except such as have
been possible owing to bur very
limited finances, and the desire which
we have had to economise the funds
of the Federation. It largely amounts
to a resume of the work of the past
year, and a few recommendations
which.I hope will hot com* amiss.
Report read as follows: -
TO. ^l±Xl&&. j^'SEE-*
To the Officers and Delegates ot the
Third Annual Convention of the
British  Columbia  Federation   of
Fellow Workers—Since our last
convention many things have transpired in connection with the labor
movement In British Columbia, which
will necessitate the careful consideration of all the delegates to this convention.
Foremost among these matters, Is
the attitude of the government to
wards the demands made by the Federation last year. After much vexatious delay, a royal commission has
been appointed to inquire Into the
conditions surrounding the industrial
workers of British Columbia, and our
demands have been referred without
raserve to that commission.
It Is not my object or desire to
question the good intent of the members of the commission, but tt bad
bun my hope that the government
would have given direct representation to the Federation on the commission. ,'
It Is our duty and business to make
a specialised study of the working
clan problem of this province, and
lt Is my opinion, tbat if the government had been desirous of making
a genuine inquiry into tbe conditions:
of the workers of British Columbia'
they would hav*' been glad to avail
themulvu of the services of at least
one representative, of our Federation.
However, ln. this respect we have
baea Ignored, and as the commission
Is announced to commence Its sittings
In this city whilst we are in session,
the quutlon of our attitude towards
th* commission will doubtless be one.
of tbe tint matters brought forward
for your consideration.
I would urge that you approach
this quutlon with tbe sole object and
earnest duin of deciding how we'can
but lerve the Interests of our fellow
workers whom we are here to rep-
Then Is considerable opinion abroad
that th* Federation has bun unne-
csissrlly slighted, but I cannot refrain
tram pointing out to you, that since
we presented fur demands lut year,
th* workers of this province have
again given the entire government
power of British Columbia Into the
bands of the employing classes of the
province, who are hot exactly bunting
with enthusiasm for the workers who
hav* elected them.
At our but muting, the report of
th* work of tbe Federation for the
previous year showed that we had
increased our membership and affiliations In a very substantial way. Since
than, our work of consolidating the
forces ot organised labor In British
Columbia bas bun going steadily for-
ward, and the report of your secretary will give you figures which cannot be otherwise than pleasing to us
Ths affiliation of th* coal mlnen of
District 18, which is situated In the
Crow's Nest Pan, completes tbe afflla-
tlon of the whole of the quarts and
coal mlnen of British Columbia with
our Federation.
This Is one of the mut gratifying
molts of the work of the put year,
because up to tbe time when this
Federation wu organised, the lack of
co-operation betwun the workers of
th* Interior and the coast cities, wu
on* of the chief weaknesses of the
labor movement of the province.
Now that w* an all linked together
by one common bond, the way Is made
ctaanr for us to lay plans In the general interest ot tbe clsss to which all
belong, irrespective of the nature of
our employment.
Tb* lut convention expressed the
desirability of the Federation laying
plans for the mora effective'administration of the Workmen's Compensation Act In the Intensts of our mem-
bsrshlp, and proposals will be laid beta* yon, having that object 'In view.
It la desirable that the Federation
should, If possible, take charge of all
claims for oompenutlon for accidents
which happen to any ot our members
whilst following their employment
Mon and mora Industries an every
day being established ln this province,
and th* number of industrial accidents
must consequently increase. Many of
th* victims, hy reason of poverty, and
laok of knowledge of the Workmen's
Oompenutlon Act, never receive even
such mesgn recompense u they are
entitled to under tbe Act If we are to
formulate effective plans In this direction, It Is necessary that all delegates
give tbls matter the deep consideration wblch li based on their thought
and practical experiences u workers,
and In order that they may return to
th* members of their unloni md explain to them the proposals which are
brought forward in this convention.
Now tbat the Federation ii beginning to uiume practical size and
shape, It la necessary that we ahould
hav* a newspaper devoted entirely to
the Interests of organised tabor. This
wu foreieen at our last convention,
and lines then definite plans have
been laid-which will be explained to
you In the report of your executive
Then Is nothing in the programme
of th* Federation which I consider
-of greater Importance than the necessity, of having a press to voice the
audi and news of the workers of the
Modern capitalism hss set the mark
of the beut upon all the ordinary
newspapers, and at such times as we
mut need to voice our aspirations
they are significantly silent.
Thui we are confronted with the
plain truth that If we want a press,
wa muit have one of our own. During my tour of British Columbia last
summer on behalf of the Trades and
Ubor Congress of Canada, I wan
particularly Impressed with the necessity of keeping large and Important
sections of our membership, which
an located In out-of-way places, In
clou and constant touch one with the
Thl* oan b* accomplished by. having
a pnu authorised, owned, and In.
spired by th* policy which Is common
to our movement all over the province.
. Th* returni of th* vote which bave
bun  taken of our membership on
the question of the principles of Socialism being adopted as the policy of
the Federation, will be laid before
you. The numbers of the votes must
give much food for thought, and 1
would impress upon you the necessity
of giving this matter the widest possible consideration in all its bearings.
Above all things, have a care not
to confuse your personal sympathies
and Ideals with the practical facts of
the case aB they are before you, for
therein may lie the possibilities of
disaster wblch might have been avoided by a deeper and more analytical
atudy of the question.
The feeling ,1s undoubtedly on the
Increase that the day Is coming when
the organized power of the Federation
must be expressed by direct political
effort on our part, and It is for you to
decide how this can be best done,
whilst at the same time conserving
the organization of our Federation,
which has been built up at the cost
of much effort and money.
We know what we want. The task
before us is to decide the ways and
means by which it can be obtained.
The lhcrease of the per capita tax
from one cent to two cents per mem,,
ber per month, Has bun cheerfully
sanctioned by our membership, and
will yield us a reasonable revenue for
the purpose ot putting some of our
proposals Into practical effect. During the year, that revenue has been
administered with a regard for the
maximum of economy, consistent with
a desire to carry on the work of the
Federation in an efficient mani.tr.
Whilst out organising in British Columbia for the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, I was able to get Into'touch with the workers In all
branches of Industry, and tb gather
much experience and Information
which I hope will be useful In the
future Interests and for the future
welfare of our Federation.
• If we survey the rapid Industrial
development of this province, ant as
we cast an Imaginative eye over the
possibilities of tbe next twenty years,
we can see that a gigantic task confronts the Federation.
The opportunities for the investment of capital In Europe and the
older countries, have been almost eh\|
tlrely absorbed, snd British Columbia
offers Itself as one of the most advantageous fields for the re-Investment of
profits drawn from the semi-pauperized
centres of Industry in Great Britain*
and elsewhere.     v
Whatever relics of feudalism or
sentiment, are left in the commercial
code of Europe, are entirely eliminated
here. Modern capitalism has established itself In British Columbia aiid:
Is operating''w)th ruthless disregard
for the welfare of the workera by
whose mental and physical labor-the
entire wealth of the province Is pro-'
j, There are signs that the final
phases of the age-long struggle of the
workers will he fought out ln these—
the lands of the Far West, and It will
require much' effort anil sacrifice to
devise methods of holding and increasing our own in the fierce struggle for
oxlBtence In British Columbia.
In this struggle, the British Columbia Federation of Labor can be made
a great power on the side of the workers, providing that we exercise care
and cautious Judgment, making sure
that each step taken is bawd upon
the sanotlon and support ot the individual members of the organised labor
movement of British Columbia _
Respectfully submitted.
(Applause) President.
Del, PETTIPIECE—Inasmuch as we
have bun advised that the Labor
Commission commences Its sittings
here tomorrow,- I will move' that tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock be made
a special order of business to consider the portion of tho president's
report relating to the labor commission, and that the chairman of the
committee on officers' reports fie asked to deal with that portion of the report this evening, and report to us,
to take up, at that hour tomorrow
Seconded by Delegate PIPES.
Del. McVETYi In my opinion, I
do not think It ts wise to interfere'
with the programme laid out by the
chairman. In due course we will get
around to lt. If the commission Is
still here so much the better, but If
lt has flown. In the meantime, so much
for the loss of the commission. I do
not think the programme should be
Interfered with merely for the purpose of a section of tbe report to be
dealt with out of Its natural order.
I think tbe course you have mapped
out should be adhered to.
Motion was put to the convention:
That 10 o'clock on Tuesday morning
be the hour to'consider the attitude
of the convention to the labor commission, and that ln the meantime
the committee on officers' report
should consider that question and
come ln with some recommendation.
Delegate GRANT:' I have been Informed that this sitting of the labor
commission was arranged with special
reference to the fact that we are meeting here, and might have a communication or memorial to bring before lt,
and I also believe that the Cumberland
miners have a committee to meet that
commission, and no doubt would wish
the endorsatlon of this convention to
back their request, and u the commission Is only hen for two days at
this time, I think anything we un
do, not only to assist the miners, but
to get bunelves In working shape and
to get. It done'properly and In order,
should be done. I think the motion Is
very well placed at this time.
Del. JORDAN: As a delegate from
Nanalmo, I want to give you my views
on this commission. As far as I am
concerned I have no doubt aB to the
result of, our efforts with tbls com.
mission. I think It Ib Just a waste
ot time, but we want to do our. best
for the miners of Cumberland and
Ladysmlth, and therefore, I concur
with the remarks already made.
Del. MACDONALD: Doea Delegate
Pettlplece'B proposition mean also to
incorporate the recommendations to
be forwarded by the executive? If so,
I will consider the recommendation,
but if lt Is Just a report of the president, It would be very vague.
Del. PETTIPIECE: I don't want,
at this stage or the game, tpjiresent
any views I hold with regard tb the
commission. I have no doubt many
of the delegates have views, and
very strong views, with regard to
this commission. But It seems to
me that we must settle, first.|
of all, what, our attitude is going to
be towards that commission, and that
could be well disposed of at the sittings mentioned tomorrow morning.
Del. SIVERTZ: I would ask the
committee on constitution and law to
withdraw for a few minutes to the
committee room adjoining thla hall,
for the purpose of considering rules.
The president called (or the report
of the secretary-treasurer.
the mm fowmi mmmmv
To the Officers and Delegates, Third Annual Convention, . '      ' -
B. C. Federation of Labor: ■       ■ t     ■
I herewith submit for your consideration the annual report, flnanolal
statement and other statistical details of the transactions ot the office of
Secretary-Treasurer for the year 1912,
Ttt Capita Tax Bseelpts
January, 1912. . Number of Members
Jan.   8
Jan.   &
Jan.   8
Jan. 11-	
Jan. 13—Amalgamated Olass Workers, No. 40, Vancouver
Jan. 13—Barbara Union, No. 673, New Westminster.	
Jan. 13—United Mine WorkerB, No. 2299, Cumberland...
Jan. 16—Palntera Union, Victoria...
6—Tradea- and Labor Council, Victoria
6—Sheet Metal Workers, Vancouver             : 117
.8—Street Railway Employees, No., 101, Vancouver"' 800
8—Painters Union, Vancouver. ;"...„.. 157
8—Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses, No. 4o»7viotoria 68
8^BuildIhg Trades Council, Victoria .!„..., -
8—Dis. Assn.rNo. 6, Western Federation of Miners' 1824
8-Machlnlsts Union, Vlotoria ™.                    "" 30
■Tile Layers, No. 62, Vancouver.           46
■Typographical, No, 201, Victoria  100
■Electrical Workers, No, 213, Vancouver  900
■United Mine Workeri, No. 872, So. Wellington".''
-  - 20
Jan. 22—Sheet Metal Workers, Victoria.. :..'....,.:     34
,._ .»   «__.._..—  ....._.. M
Jan. 16—Teamsters Union, New Westminster	
Jan. 18—Stage Employees, Victoria'.	
Jan. 18—Typographical Union, No. 632, New Westminster
Jan. 18—Tailors Union, Victoria	
Jan. 18—Bookbinders, Vancouver	
Jan. 19—Brotherhood Carpenters, Victoria	
Jan..22—Plumbers, Vlotoria
Jan. 22—Bartenders, Victoria
Jan. 22—Bricklayers,, Vancouver  ......	
Jan. 22—Typographical, No. 236, Vancouver.	
Jan. 22—Stonecutters Union, Vancouver........ ,
Jan. 22—Pattern,Makers, Vancouver.	
February, 1912.
Feb.  6—Letter Carriers, Victoria...
March, 1912
Mar.   7—Barbers,
April, 1912
Apr.   7—Machinists,
Apr. 18—Moving Picture Operators, Vancouver...
Apr. 30—Upholsterers, Vancouver	
May, 1912
May 28—Amalgamated Carpenters, -Vancouver...
July, 1912
July   7—Cigar. Makers, New Westminster...
July 10—Electrical Workers, No. 280, Victoria    100
July 10—Moulders Unlon;,No._881, Vancouver.  100
July 10—Machinists, No. 466, Victoria...
July 11—Ohusworkers Union, Vancouver.......	
July 11—Street Railway Employees, Vancouver...
July 18—Bricklayers, Vancouver
July 16—Street Railway Employees, New Westminster....
July ltfr-Tlie Layers, Vanoouver.....	
July 16—Bakery Workers, Vancouver..
July 17—Laborers Protective Union, Victoria,..
July 17—Sheet Metal Workers, Victoria...
July }7X-uthers Uni^"No7.883i' yibtorhvi!
July 17*—Shinglers Union, Vancouver 	
July 17—United Mine Workers, No: 2156, Nanalmo."
July 33—Stage Employees, Victoria.:. — '..
July 28—Stonecutters Association, Vancouver. .....
July 28—Letter Carriers, Victoria. ...
July 13—Vancouver Trades and Labor Council...	
August, 1912  .
Aug.  1—Machinists Union, Vancouver....:   __,_ „
1—Painters. Union, Vancouver....... .*—I—   158
1—Plumbers Union, Vancouver...  .„._.    100
1—Plumbers Union, Vancouver. .„ .„.„.!,....    100
9 3 00
7 02.
48 00.
9 45
3 78
3 00
109 41
1 80
6 00
18 00
4 80
1 20
- 1 20
18 00
9 30
2 40
1 45
2 28
. 1 80
2 05
7 50H
4 50.
2 05
5 05
23 04
15 40
2 40
3320 21
3 2 30
9 2 30
9 7 50
9 9 60
9 3 00
3 83
.2 00
3 8 33
r. 924 00
324 00
I 4 08
. 12 0O
12 00
3 60
2 40
102 00
42 25
62 10
6 30
11 06
16 92
' 3 80
■*'  6 00
. '3 72
14 00
2 90
4 80
1 60
j 6 00
9310 22
1—TradeB and Labor Council, New Westminster..	
1—Amalgamated Carpenters, New Westminster........    81
8—Barbers Union, New Westminster...., £.     20
8—Typographical Union, Vancouver.  ». 306
8—United Mine Workers, No. 2388, Ladysmlth.....
8—Cigar Makers, Vhncouver....	
Aug. 17—Bartenders Union, Vancouver........	
Aug. 17—Blacksmiths Union, Revelstoke : ..........
Aug, 17—Bookbinders Union, Victoria..
Aug. 20—Building TradeB Council, Vancouver.......... 	
Aug. 26—Plumbers Union, Victoria  ..............
Aug. 26—Typographical Union, New Westminster	
9*7 20
, 9 40
6 00
12 00
3 86
1 40
36 70
60 76
5 60
24 00
1 55
      4 80
— 6 00
10O on ate 4 00
4» 4 80
September, 1912
Sep.   8—Amalgamated Carpenters, Vancouver. ..... . 400
Sep.  8—United Mine Workers, Cumberland...... :.—,.....  316;
Sep. 20—Brotherhood Carpenters, Victoria.....    17T
Sep. 20—Lathers, No. 207, Vancouver.     , 64'"
Sep.. 20—Machinists, Revelstoke    ' 50>
Oct.  8—Bookbinders, Vancouver
Oct. 14—District No. 18, United Mine Workers"of'America 1576;
November, 1912
Nov.  8-*Brotherhood Carpenters, New Westminster...
Nov. 11—Sheet Metal Workera, Vancouver...
1195 05
348 00
. 37 92
83 30
6 50
6 00
3131 72
9   4 10
189 00
9198 20
910 80
15 96
54 00
231 80
Nov. 13—Electrical Workers, No. 218, Vancouver.     450
Nov. 19—District 6, Western Federation of Miners..: 1940
Nov. 26—Steam  Engineers, Vancouver. -.  .. - 28 and
- back tax 6 80
Nov. 25—Brotherhood Carpenters, No. 1715, Prince Rupert
Nov. 29—Amalgamated Society Carpenten, Victoria *_
0 14
Nov. 29—Amount overpaid and returned to Amalgamated
Socidty Carpenters, Victoria..... .....
back tax 67 00
December, 1911
Dec.  2—United Brotherhood Carpenters, Vancouver.	
Dec.  8—Building Trades Counoll, Victoria..
Dec. 10—Cooks and Walters Union, Victoria...
Dec. 16—Tailors Union, Victoria...
*"      ------      'viotori,..
Dec. 28—Plumbers Union, New Westminster	
Dec. 27—Plasterers Union, Victoria...
.   „       30
Dec. 10—Letter Carriers, Victoria  .    30
Dec. 19—Longshoremen's Association, Vancouver — '158
"   *** —-...•- w
Dec. 17—United Brotherhood Carpenters, Victoria ...
Dec. 80—Electrical Workeri, No, 313, Vanoouver.	
Dec* 80—Brotherhood Garnehters, Vancouver...	
Dec. 30—Machinists Union, Revelstoke _
Dec. 30—Lathers Union, Victoria...
Dec. 30—United Mine Workers, Udysmithl!
10 00
9893 50
948 00
8 04
1 80
8 60
SO 00
4 80
18 45
80 50
54 00
48 00
* 6 40
48 00
9307 50
Total Per Capita Tax Receipts...
Miscellaneous Receipts, 1012
February 6, 1912—Tradu and Labor Congress of Canada, Gnat for
91900 81
Legislative purposes .
March 8, 1912—Sheet Metal Workers, Victor's. Contribution to
assist defence' of men arrested during Vancouver Free Speech
Fight  :  _
March 8,1912—Cascade Brewery, Vancouver. Advertisement *■ Proceedings  .:........„ _ _ ,
December 27,1912—First Congregational Church, Victoria, Christmaa
Fund for Children of Miners on strike st Cumberland and Ladysmlth
» 200 OO
25 00
26 00
December 31,1912—Total Contribution for Miners' Strike
Total Miscellaneous Receipts...
January,. 1912
Date   * .   *" To whom paid
Jan.  6—Remington Typewriter Co. typewriter rent 	
Jan.   6—Victor R. Mldgley, 5 days' wagu preparing for
.Jan. 13—Vletor R. Mldgley, 0 dayi' wagea preparing for
Jan. 27—Rent of Foresters' Hall (A. Sheather)  	
Jan. 27—A. Sheather, caretaker's services
10 00
...   748 60
...81008 60
Cheque No,
Jan. 27—Victor R. Mldgley, wages and expenses attending'
Executive Session, 242,00; voted by Convention, 926.00; telegrams, stationery, etc, 95.65...    29
Jan. 27—Hotel Prince George, Victoria, committee room
rent     30 .
Jan. 27—Miss M. O. Thomson, stenographic services     81
Jan. 27—Victoria Ptg. ft Pub. Co., Printing     32
Jan. 27—Prince Qeorge Hotel, Victoria, typewriter rent     93:
Jan. 27-B. T. Kingsley, Printing ,    84
Jan. 27—J, W. Wliklnson,_wages and expenses In connec-
9 6 00
25 00
80 00
87 60
10 00
Feb.   6-rMlss M. G. Thomson, stenograpblo services.......... S3.
Feb.   7—R. A. Stoney, expenses attending Executive Ses
' ■' ...' '   slons  ......:  ..„.._,  89
Feb. 12—J. H. McVety, expenses ettending Executive Sessions ,. .: „  40
Feb. 12—V. R. Mldgley, wagu preparing Report of 1912.
Convention "Proceedings q _.,. .... 41
Feb. 16—Thomson Stationery Co., office suppllu.'..........::...... 42
Feb. 30—V. R. Mldgley,. wagu preparing Report of 1912
• Convention Proceedings .:... ..,..,,.....„..;..*... 43 v
Feb. 20-E. T. Kingsley (on a|c), BUI No. 44, Printing. .".' 41
Feb. 26—Remington Typewriter Co., rent of typewriter....  46
Feb.-26—V. R, Mldgley, postage. .....,.,„„..».  . 49
Mar.   9—Bagley ft. Sons, Badges.      47
Mar.   9-E. T. Kingsley (Bill No. 44), Printing.     48.
April, 1912
Apr. 7—Trades and Labor Council, Vancouver. Donation
for Free Speech Fight Fund from Shut Metal
Workers, Victoria      49
Apr. 16—Victoria Printing ft Publishing Co., Printing     50 .
May, 1912 f     1:J
May 29—C. Slvertz, Expense! attending Executive Session    61
.97 20
12 00
9 00
30 00
2 30
'80. 00
■100 00
8 00
6 00
9309 50
9 90 00,
100 00
9100 .00
tlon with 1912 Convention...
FebrMiJ, 1971
Feb.  3—R. M J'ettlpiece, expenses attending Executive
Fab,  3—V. R. Mldgley, wagei preparing report of 1912
Convention proceeding* 	
July   2—Baxter Johnston Co., Office desk. ,     62
July   2—Victor R. Mldgley, Office expenses......... -..,..:...    53
July   2—H. Sheen, Crating and shipping desk from Vtct'la    64
July  2—Tradei and Labor Congress, Per Capita Tax...—    56
July   2—W. W. Leteaux, Multlgraphlng  69
July 16—E. T. Kingsley (Bill No. 44), Printing     67
July 10—Mlu M, G. Thomson, Typewriting.  59
July 18-V. R, Mldgley, Postage-." -  -II-.
July 28—Thomson Stationery Co,, Office suppllu.     90
August, 1911
Aug. 21—R. P. Pettlplece (BUI No. 08), Part expanse*/
Delegate to: Ouelph 'Convention:.......,.,.......;........   61
Aug. 21—a T. Kingsley, Prihtlng ..:„..*..„-:..., -.:.• .
Aug. 21—V. R. Mldgley, Rent and key of P.O. Box 1044s     99
Aug. 11—W.' W. Lefeaux, Typewriter...:......,     64
September, 1911       '
Sep. 11—Vancouver Labor Temple Co., Office Rent (July) . 95
Sep. 11—B, C.' Federatlonist, Card ln Union Directory  «
Sep. 11—Cowan ft Brookhouse, Printing....      07
Sep. 38—R, P. Pettlplece, Balance expensu u Delegate
• to Ouelph Convention .: .;.        68
'   . '1     . : '-":*'
October, Mil
Oct 14—Postmaster, Vancouver, Rent ot P.O. Box 1044	
Oct 14—C. Stubbs, Part expenses attending Executive Session  (BUI No. 79): ......,;.....,..... .'...„„,.'.....
Oct. 14—J. Roberts, Part expenses attending .Executive Session  (Bllt No. 75)         Z'.:*„...;. :	
Oct. 80—Trades and Labor Congress ot Canada, Per Capita
Tax  : .....'.  :....:'-..,.•... ,.	
Oct. 31—W. W. Lefeaux, Multlgraphlng...... „_	
Oct 81—Vancouver Labor Temple Co., Office redt (Aug.
Sept. and Oct.) .v. ,'. j:.,...,,...*.    74
1913 HsssssHssssssbIssssssssbsssssssssss!
Nov.   ?-Jas. Roberts, Balance'expenses attending Executive Session : -—,... .....
Nov,   7—J. J. Taylor, Expenses attend'g Executive Seuion
Nov.   7-V.Jl. Mldgley, Postage..
915 00
4 00
939 00
910 00'
910 00
939 60
33 85
.   8 75
5 00
4 40
167 60
'6 00
3 00
1 10
-4334 10
tunmin -su-or »*i
HV Vnfcak* T. Hmsob,
810-1142 Arts * Crafts
Arts ana Crafts SnUMisg
678 Seymour Street
.Where you can be. assured of getting a First. Class Smoke, whether
It be Cigar, Pipe or Cigarette. :    .
LAND 00.
. ' B. O. OBOWsT LAsTOI .
t Pre-Emptton and Purchase
naprevad ud Unimproved
fanni oa lasy In*
Phone Seymour 104S
-420-421 LOO BLDO.
Vaaoouverf S. O.
Nov. IS—C. Slverts, Expenses attending Executive I
Nov. 19—O. Stubbs, Balance of expenses attending Executive Session      .....„..: „I.........;„:i..'..
Nov. 19—W. W. Lefeaux, Typewriting and multlgraphlng...
Nov. 19—Robt Poster (Dlst 29), for Strike Fund	
'Nov. 28—Discount on cheque from Teamsters Union, Pernio
Nov, 25—Robt. Foster, Strike Fund. :...;.........:.	
Nov. 29—Amalgamated Society of Carpenters, Victoria, Per
Capita Tax Overpaid	
Nov. 29—Discount on cheque from Amalgamated Society of
v Carpenters, Victoria	
$   •■?     * '
December, 1912. . ■
Dec,   6—David Irvine, Strike Fund	
Dec, 6—V. R. Mldgley, Postage ....
Pec. 19—Discount on cheque. from
Klmberley   Miners'
Dec, 11—B. T. Kingsley, Printing 	
Deo. 11—B. C, Federatlonist, Ltd,, Card In Union Directory
Dec, 11—Vancouver Labor Temple Co., Office Rent ......... ss
Dec. 11—Cowan A Brookhouse, Printing .—  99
Deo. 11—Thompson Stationery Co., Office SuppUu   90
Dec. 19—W. W. Lefeaux, Typewriting  91
Dec. 20—David Irvine, Strike Fund.  92
Dec. 20—V, Br Mldgley, Postage ...» _ „...„:. 93
Dec, 10—Oeo. Heatherton  1      94
Dec 27—David Irvine, Strike Fund .  - 96
Disbursements i
0 26
22 25
3 00
10 60
6 06
6 15
200 00
6 00
60 00
138 60
767 70
91,488 86
Jany. Per Capita Tax Receipt! 9330 21
Feb.     " " "'        2 30
DM.'.     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Total Per Capita Tax receipts 81900 81
Total Miscellaneous .receipts   1008 60
Total Receipts from all
sources 91909 81
Balance on hand, January 1st,
1913    191 89
9 31
14 00
316 11
195 06
181 71
193 10
307 69
January Disbursements  9346 80
299 60
100 00
19 00
10 00
134 00
261 16
69 60
129 90
280 76
7J7 70
98101 10
Total Disbursements ...91488 35
Balance on hand, Decemner
31st, 1911    MSto
At a muting of tbe Executive Board held on November 3rd, 1012, In
Labor Temple, Vancouver, a communication from J. Smith, Secretary, United
Mine Workers ot America, Local No. 2389,. Cumberland, wu read appealing
for financial assistance for the miners on strike at Cumberland and Ladysmlth. Owing to tha fact, that the Federation ha* mad* no provision for
the financing of strikes, the Executive Instructed your Secntary to lMue an
appeal to all the Labor Unions In the Province for funds to assist this
The following Is a list of the Unions who responded and th* amount of
their contribution:
Data Union Amount
Nor. 19—Laborers' Protective Union, Victoria 936 00
Nov. 19—Marble. Setter!' Helpers, Vancouver  .,    10 00
Nov. 19—Quarry Workeri, Nelson Island    10 00
Nov. 21—Lathers' Union, 832, Victoria       5.00
Nov. 21—Longshoremen's Union, Victoria .....'. .'.    26 00
Nov. 21—Dlitrlct Council, U. B, of Carpenten, Vancouver     6 00
Nov. M-Haehlnlsta Union, Victoria   10 00
Nov. 26—Teamsters Union, Fernle :    20 00
Nov. 25—Palntera Unton, Vancouver  .:....   10 00
Nov. 27—Lathers Union, 207, Vancouver    10 00
Nov. 27—Til* Layers and Helpers, Vancouver    10 00
Nov. 27—Brotherhood of Carpenters, South Vancouver     6 00
Nov, 28—Quarry Workers, 133, Granite Island     10 00
Nov. 29—Street Railway Bmployui, New Wutmimter  -100 00
-'   - ----- u no
15 00
10 00
1 00
Nov. 19—Plasterers Union, Vancouver
Nov. 29—Railway Helpers Unton, No. 12776, Revelstoke .
D*c.. 2—Maritime Builders Federation, No. 4, Victoria .
2—Plumbers, New Westminster   ...;,..'.'.;
2—Amalgamated Carpenter!,. Victoria
Education   the   Watchword   of   All
Labor Organisations. J-
- We educate your sons and
daughters so that their tasks may be
made easier and more remunerative
than those of their fathers and
mothers, '
We have departments of work for
everyone and classes for those In all
stages of advancement.'       -
* We also have a free employment ■
Write us for particulars .and free
Vancouver Business Institute, 330
Hastlngi St. W., R. J. Sprott, B.A.,
High  Grade Men's  Furnishings,
Clothing, Hats and Caps
Agents Boms of Bosjk
408 HA8TIN.QB BT. W.
-Proswt DaUvtty to All- Salts of
skt cflty by Our Own Massaifaii
Office Phone: Sey.- 8411
Residence Phone: Sey. 6744R
Vancouver, B. O.
Pore Food Orooorg
Wholesale and Retail
Phones: Sey. 8301 anl 8302
Vanoouver, B. 0.
2—United Brotherhood of Carpenters, Vancouver    26 00
6—Shut Metal Workers, Vancouver '.. .„< . . .10 00
1—Bricklayers, Vancouver   J ' ■ ",""         26 00
   7—Cigar Makers, Vancouver  26 00
Dec. 10—Typographical Union, Vernon, B.C.   ... .....    6 00
pec. 10—Blacksmiths, No. 407, Revelstoke       6 00
78 15
6 00
28 20
1 75
1 85
30 00
3246 25
910 00
30 00
Dec 10—Photo Engravers Union, Vancouver .
Deo, 16—Horseshoers, Vancouver
DM, 16—Barbers, Vancouver .
Dec. 16—Electrical Workers, Prince Rupert .
Deo. 10-rStonecutters, Vancouver	
Dec. 16—Pressmen, Victoria .
Dec. 16—Railway Carmen, Vancouver...
10 00
26 00
5 00
4 00
88 50
Dec. 16—Street Railway "MnTm^s^n^yMr:'~;";^,;g: ■.'-:; -.   60 00
5ec' "-S1?00'18? Mlnera'Union fW.F. of M.)', Klmberley  50 00
Dec. 21—Olvlo Employee!, Vancouver. :   25 00
Dm. 21—Musicians, Victoria  . „ „.„.....  16 00
pec. 21-Sllverton Miners Union (W. F. of M.) Sllverton _  25 00
Dm. 21 —Brotherhood Carpenten, Prinu Rupert     10 00
Dm, 11—Amalgamated Carpenten, Vancouver -   60 00
Dm. 21—First Congregational Church, Victoria, Children'! Ohriit-
mas Fund '. .._ „_; „_. - 10 00
9758 50
... Th» above contributions were forwarded, lh various amounts to the
Mlnen Representatives at Nanalmo, and David Irvln*, tb* Miners' Flnan-
Commission Merchant!
Phono Seymour 6403
Vancouver, B. 0.
We will lend you the money at 5% simple interest to
buy a home and give you 10
years to pay for it. See us
about it.
401 Bank of Ottawa
MgjOjf wifflAvl..:::::;,,;.....JANTiMU M-
Ohomiit and Dnnriit
J      O. UHRIBNTB   '_?
Hats, Caps, Jewelary, Boots and
Shoes,    Underwear, - Notions,    .
Dress     and     Furnishing
, Ooods, Clothing .
':   .TRAIL, B, C.   .    .■"."•
C.P.R. Watch Inspector
a-agk Orsde Watekas aad Ma*
aepaftlaff an&soUlty
.      TRAIL, S. C.
Dealer In
TRAIL, B. 0;
THE BBITIBB (30LmiBIA i*l,ft3Mft6lvtS,r
clal Agent, hu kindly sent the following account of the disposition of the
money, for the Information of the Delegates and the organisations that
made contributions: .
.   .      ' Nanaimo, B. C, Dec. 80, 1912. V
Mr. Victor R,;Midgley,' •> -•■
Vancouver, B. C: .' ^, • •   '
Dear Sir and Brother,
Yours of the 27th Inst, containing cheque for 9136.60 and request'tor
information m to the diipoiltlon of tbe money donated by the B, C. Federation of Labor received. Enclosed you will nnd receipt for the cheque and
1 will endeavor to give you the desired information.
The amount of money donated by the Federation u stated by you Is
correct, 376».tiu. As tbat money wu placed in the general relief tund.lt
Would be impossible for me to say Just what part of the work it was appUed
tot as to the contribution of lio.uo unt by tne First Congregational thumb,
victoria, Jf that is included ln the cluck tor tmM, and i take lt that it is,
piease let me know, so that l can turn u over to the proper committees, u
1 do not dlitrlbute funds contributed tor other than general relief purpura.
The total amount of money that I have orccetved for relief purposes up
■to dateii:                       ..'"•' ,   i
From Inter. Union U. M. W. of A. ...„ .  ^845,000 00
Manufacturers and Bottlers of
wan Baser, outlary, siaaswan,
ItawartTTfool* Llaeleuss, Ota-
pets, Blukmlw *•«■*, etc. Cose-
State Ttttot mu of asm sad
mtaltan. i   ■  i  i   i  i  ■  i   i
Trail, B. C„ Jan. 17.—That Trail, B,
C, will enjoy a yur of prosperity In
1913 Is assured the representative of
Th* Federatlonist by Mr. 'Noble Blnns,
tbe police magistrate. Mr, BInni.hu
bun ln the furniture business at Trail
tor tbe put sixteen years, and hu always kept in close touch wltb social
and Industrial conditions, hence this
mousse trom 1 rail is given a gnat
deal. of.'credence by those who an
mdlt Intimately concerned In the
town's development. Public spirited-
necs among the citlsens ot Trail haB
always had Mr. Binns at Hi hud aa a
leader. '
400 00
168 00
118 00
758 60
. 25 00
10 Oil
12 16
Issued Every Saturday
Subscription 92.00 per Yur
A. R, BAB1NOTON, Manager.
-Covers the ground within a shop-
ping radius ot Trail   and circulates
among a class of highly paid and skilled workmen;   also among the rich
farming and- ranching communities of
Pend d'Orelile, Columbia Garden! and
Fruitvale.   All-Kinds   of commercial
printing a' specialty..  .
•'•. Vancouver, B. C, Jan, 18.—The
Moon*/ biscuit «t Candy Co., Homer
and Drake Btreets, believing that tbe
yur 1913 will oe one of commercial
and Industrial activity, have made
■pedal p|ani for the handling of their
business In Vancouver and tbe iur-
rounding territory, Involving- the addition of uveral. representatives outside of tbl city. Thli concern has fac-
toriu at Stratford, Montreal, Winnipeg, and at Vancouver: The products
an well known throughout Canada
Sixty employees an on the payroll
Matters of public Interait have always' received broad consideration
lrom the Mooney >Co„ and tbe public
spirited attitude taken by them ts un-
uoubtedly largely responsible for the
large business they .enjoy.
Vancouver, Jan. 18.—That, even tho'
real estate hu largely lost its. speculative value, there is no possibility of
losing if an ordinary amount of care
is shown in making a real estate tn-
vmtment, li the opinion of Captain
Oeorge McSpadden. Tho Captain is
probably better posted on local real
estate conditions than any man In the
city. He contends that every man or
woman Is capable of judging a good or
bad investment aa well u the real
estate man;. the conditions which will
enhance the value of a piece of land
an just u evident to tbe untrained
eye u to that of the speculator. True,
It takes mofe--time for th* Inexperienced buyer to foresee values but the
ability to do so exists. Captain McSpadden gave good evidence of hli
ability to pick real estate of value
when he purchased district Iota .374
and 378 at Coquitlam, clue to the
passenger depot Then hu been a.
large demand for lots st Coquitlam
during th* lut six mon thi, and thou
In district Iota 374 and 878 have bun
given a great dul of preference by
L. U„ No. 2165,. U. M. W„ Nanalmo ........—:   —.....
Oeo. Pettigrew, salary donated ......... 	
O. Pattlnson, salary donated —.... ..........................	
B. O. Federation of Labor ................. ..............................
Longshoremen's Union, Vancouver .,  ..........
Amal. Society of Carpenten and Jolnera, New Weitmlmter ....
J. McMillan, proceed! from Mass Muting ..„.......'
/  . ———
Total amount received    «.„... .......'„...448,464 85
Of this amount 146,649.00 hu bun donated by the U. M. W. and
3805.05 hu been contributed, by organised labor in B. $.. 9392.26 hu been
spent for transporting men wbo had been sent Into Cumberalnd to scab,
printing, ate; f'00.00 for building material to abetter the people evicted at
Cumberland; tbe balance for the necessities of life to supply'their wants.
Our stora blUrlMt wuk amounted to 95,848.00; the bill for bulldUifaaterlal
supplied hu not come to the office yet, but I expect that 'wMIRh'OOO.OO
mora as per agreement. So you can see' lt takes over gs.OOO.oO per wuk
to finance this strike, almost that amount tor food alone, there are no luxuries to be had or money to be wasted even at that. The remittance from
.we international Union tor this week is m the mall, and has not been received, and therefore.la not Included In the above list,       ,,.„/.
An itemized account of every dollar received ud eveiry dollar expended
Is kept. Every o(Bcer sutherlted to handle any part of thla money Is under
bond, the National auditors will audit all accounts, and If then Is anything
not clear an expert accountant from the bonding company also. Receipts
will have to be produced tor.all money Spent. '"     - ,
~ Hoping that this Is satisfactory, 1 auvwith, best wishes,
Yours fraternally, '
In connection with the above matters/ It Is worthy of note that a -lumber of Unions who sent in contributions -are not as yet affiliated with tbe
Federation, and that several Unions were Induced to affiliate through the
Executive Board'a action In.coming to the assistance of the miners, I
would recommend that thla convention take up thli question of extending
financial assistance to Unions on strike, and lt possible lay down some definite plan lor the future guidance of the Executive,
-  At the first Annual Convention, held In March 1911, there were thirty-
nine unions, thru 'trades and Labor Councils, and one Building Tradu
Council affiliated with the Federation, representing a total membership ot
four thousand six hundred and thirty-five (4,635).
At the second Annual Convention, held ln January, 1912, there were
fifty-tour Unions, thre?Tradee and Lobar Councils, and two Building Trades
Councils, representing* total membership of eight thousand live hundred
and seventy-eight (8,578).
Since tbe lut Convention, one organisation, representing one hundred
■members, has withdrawn from the Federation, and sixteen Unions have
bun affiliated. \
The sixteen new affiliations represent a membership of two thousand
seven hundred and fifty-four; and there has bun a reported lncreue in the
membership of organisations afflliated at the last convention to the extent ot tour -hundred and ninety-live.   .
.  This brings the. membership now afflliated with the Federation to a
'total of eleven thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven (11,827). '
*            Vancouver ;..'.). ,  32
. , .   Victoria ...,._. ,  20
'    New Westminster  10
,'   Revelstoke   2
Prince Rupert - \
Ladysmlth  i
South Wellington
Fernle  .....,,'. v...
Portland Canal	
Nelson  :	
Kaslo  :.	
Grand Forks'	
Slocan City	
Total Number of Affiliations .
Bartenders t: ..Vancouver
Machinists „.:...... .....Revelstoke
Moving Picture Operators...
prattle*. Th* Soolellst dos* not nranou to destroy th* family, abolish
religion or divide up property, nor" dou h* seek to carry out hie Idua by
riot and bloodshed. In a single phrase. Socialism sjeans publlo ownership
ot th* mcand Of production and working clus control of tb* government, a
chance to work for all who will, and to all workers the vain* of tJ.Hr
product. The typical Socialist Is a rather quiet and thoughtful worklngman,
serene ln the tha* of trouble and scif-oontain*d In tb* day of victory. He
realises that the world will move on very wall'attar he Is dud, but remembers that while be lives It is bis buslnsu to help tbe world mby*, JH* con-
•lden himself en ally of eternal laws of nature and Is proud to do nil little
part In th* great uuse."  • ■>"'.
"Your*fraternally,    . ■   „,__
"Secretary-Tnaaunr, B. C. Federation of Labor."
'":   Thirty-seven organisations sent ln returns.   The vote on the question:
"Are you in favor of the endorsatlon of the prlnclplu of Socialism?' wu u
follows: -
"   ■   : Union '.   -'•  '        . .  '
Bricklayers and Masons International Union, No. 1, Vancouver.
Molders, Vancouver ::. ...-. —,.—,..........*.- ...:..
Brotherhood of Painters, Looal No. 138, Vancouver.	
Machinists, Beaver No. 182, Vancouver ..-—....,.....	
Plumbers and Steamfltters, Local 170, Vancouver.	
Cigar Makeri Union, No. 357, Vanoouver
Tll*_Lay«n and Helpers, Local 02, Vancouver
Bakery and Confectionery Workera, Vancouver
Barbara Union, Vancouver .
Vancouver Tradu and Labor Council
Pattern Makers Aim. ot Vancouver	
Vancouver Building Tradu Council
United Brotherhood of C. and J,, Local 617, Vancouver .
International Assn. of Machinists, No. 438, Victoria —
Labonn* Protootlve Union, Victoria ......: -■
Victoria Tradu and Labor Counoll	
Victoria Building Tradu Council ....................*:...	
Bartonden, Local 814, Victoria
United Brotherhood of Carpentera and Jolnera, Local Union
No. 1848, Victoria „ ••	
Amal. Shut Mital Workeri, Local Union No, 184, Victoria .—
Painters Union, No. 6, Victoria .
New Westminster Trades and Ubor Counoll	
Cigar Makers Union, No. 486, New Weitmlmter	
United Brotherhood of Carpenten and Jolnera of America, New
Wutmlniter „ :,  :,— ■••
United Mln* Workeri ot America, Local Union 2388, Ladysmlth
Klmberley Miners Union, No. 100, W.T. ot M	
Sandon Mlnen Union, No. 81..W. F, of M. ~ -	
Michel Looal Union, No. 2384, ,U. M. W, of A. „....................'.	
South Wellington Local, U. M.-W. of A. .......„..~ ..—•,
Maohlnlits, Revelstoke ..v„.  ,.-...„._.„;.-».—, /. ,,..	
United Mine Workeri of America, Hosmer ........ -....,...	
BllvOrton Minus Union, No. 96, W. F. M, ,..■,:_.-_ r—
Strut Railway Employees, No. 134, New Weitmlniter ...,	
Strut Railway Employees, No. 101, Vancouver  .........
Amalgamated Bociety of Carpenten, Vancouver	
Britannia Minora Union, No. 216, W. F. M., Vancouver 	
Amalgamated Society of Carpenten, Victoria 	
. 6'
19 :
' 14:
- 0
- 8'
:* 2'
, 88-
1718    431
Total number ot members voting "Yu" *....  1718
Total number of members voting "No"  481
Majority ln fivor of the adoption of the principles of
Socialism by the Federation -,...... ...:. ..<•• 1387
South Vancouver has recently been
favored with the opening of a millinery and dry goods establishment by
Mrs. W. V. Jones, direct from Liverpool, Mrs. Jones has enjoyed liberal
patronage from South Vancouverltes
and desires to express her appreciation In these columns. The store li
located at Fraser and Fifty-fifth and
a complete line of millinery and
fancy dry goods Is carried If itock.
The.management ot the Granville
Palace Hotel hu not allowed the
growth of the City of Vancouver to
get away from lt. It Is quite common
to su a rapidly growing town advance
far ahead of Its hotel accommodation,
and many good examples of this can
be seen ln Vancouver today. Not so
with Oranvllle Street's popular bos-'
telry, however. Hardly a day passes
In whloh some new accommodation IS
not added to the already complete
equipment of thli modern hotel.
Bellevu In Catering to th* Maeua.
The manager believes that to provide comfortable accommodation for
many at a rauonable rate of price li
far more beneficial to a neighborhood
and lta Individuals than to provide
luxurious accommodations for an ex-
elusive set. This policy of the Oranvllle Palace Hotel hu won large support from the members of organised
labor, and a most friendly relationship
Th* Oranvllle Palace Hotel li located at 1821 Oranvllle Straet.
Upholsterers  Vancouver
Blacksmiths ,     Revelstoke
United Mine Workers of America Nanalmo
United Mine Workers of America Fernie
United Mine Workers of America Hosmer
United Mine Workers of America Michel
United Mine WorkerB of America Corbln
Amalgamated Carpenters New Westminster
Brotherhood Carpenters. Prince Rupert
Longshoremen's Association .:...... Vancouver
Plumbers Now Westminster
Plasterers .Victoria
Longshoremen's Association Victoria
Typographical, No. 201 Victoria
Besides the large number of personal letters to Local Unton Secretaries,
urging affiliation with the Federation, every Labor Organisation ln the Province has been circularised several times during the year.
Considerable Interest hu thereby bun awakened tn the worlfof this
Federation throughout the Province, and a number of affiliations have
resulted therefrom, / ■.
A number of meetings of unaffiliated organizations have also been visited
by various members of the Executive Board with tho object of securing
There Is still a large section of organised labor outside the Federation,
and this work of organisation must be continued.
Early ln the New Year It is my Intention to forward, a circular to the
officers of the various International unions, urging them to use their best
endeavors to persusde any of their local unions In this Province that have
not yet afflliated with the Federation, to do so.
The amended constitution and by-laws were referred to the affiliated
unions for a referendum vote on- March 1,1912.
Aa all of the replies but three were In favor of the adoption of the entire
amended constitution and by-laws, the executive board meeting of April 28,
1912, declared them adopted,
Acting under the Instructions contained ln Special Resolution B„ passed
at the lut convention, the. following communication was sent to all afflliated
"Dear Sir and Bro.,
"At the Second Annual Convention of the B. C. Federation of Labor, the
following resolution waa carried by a vote of 78 for, 2 against, 5 not voting:
"Whereas the sense of this Convention being In favor of Independent
political action;
"And whereas Resolutions have been received urging the endorsatlon of
the principles of Socialism;   J
"Therefore, be It Resolved: That the question of the endorsatlon of the
principles of Socialism be submitted to special summoned meeting! of
affiliated unions; returns of vote to be sent to the secretary-treasurer of the
Federation for compilation."
"You are, therefore, requested to make arrangements for a specially summoned meeting ot your organization for the purpose of dlBcusBlng and voting
on this resolution.''
"Tbls proposition will be decided by the aggregate vote of the membership ot the Federation, therefore, every effort should be made to secure u
large an attendance as possible at the meeting that the vote wtll be taken.
"After the vote has been taken, please fill out the attached form showing
the number voting for and against, and forward to the secretary-treasurer.
• "The adoption of the above resolution does not mean the endorsatlon
of any particular political party.
"The following extract from the 'American Year Book, Cyclopedia and
Atlas,' la submitted for the guidance of your membership In discussing this
"'No word has been more abused and misunderstood than the word
•Sodallit.' Tha Socialist li, not an anarchist, they are opposed In theory and
The new'per capita tax rate of two unt* per member per month came
Into force on July: let, 1912. -
We came to the lut convention with the treasury almost empty, but
although toe Increased rate of per capita tag hu only bun in operation
for six months, I am pleued to report a balance on hand, December 31st,
1912, of over six hundred dollars.
i Would recommend to the committee on constitution Ud by-laws that
the words "June and December," ln the lait line of Article 12, be changed
to read January and July.
Thla'amendment will prevent the.overlapping of per capita tax receipts
that occurs under, the present arrangement
'   Acting under Instructions of the Executive uoird meeting of November
3rd, 1912, the following circular letter vaji mallei! to every union ln the
province:        : ,  ■ "
To all lahor unions In the province ot British- Columbia:
Fellow Unionists,—The executive board of the Federation Is desirous ot
obtaining.all available facts and statistics In reference to the workings ot
the Compensation Act in'British Columbia, In order that they may report
to tbe next'convention on the advisability, and probable cut ot usumlng
tbe management of all cases that may arise In the various affiliated organisations when compensation for Injury in industry Is to be collected.
Pleue fill out the endued form, stating the number ot cues of Injury
or death (or other Information required) that have occurred in your organisation from July 1, 191}, to June 80, 1912.
It Is Important that the' executive should have all the Information
possible on tbls important subject ln order that they may make a full and
Intelligent report: I would,.therefore, urge that you take this matter up
at yoUr next meeting, and if necessary,,appoint a committee to go Into the
matter thoroughly and fill out the enclosed form, giving the fullest particulars obtainable In answer to"tbe Questions thereon.
Yours fraternally,
B. C. Federation of Labor,
Although nearly three hundred coplea of the above circular letter were
mailed, only thirty-seven replies were received, and out of these thirty-
seven seventeen unions reported that no accidents had occurred to any of
their members during the twelve months from July 1st, 1911, to June 30th,
1912. '      ',   ..
The total number ot cases reported are as follows:'
1. Number of men killed while engaged at their employment from
July 1, 1911, to June 30, 1912         12
2. Number of men Injured -.  ,         238
3. Number of cues where compensation was collected S.  98
4. Number of cues where legal proceedings were instituted for the
, - \       collection of damages i _  12
The total reported cost of legal proceedings is 8 426 26
The total reported amount of compensation collected Is ." .98022 00
These figures are obviously inadequate and misleading, and while a
number of the local union secretaries undoubtedly went to considerable
trouble In an endeavor to secure the required information, it demonstrates
tbe fact tbat very few If any unions keep a record of tha deaths and Injuries
that occur ln their membership.
I would recommend to every local union ln the province tbat they
keep statistical records of all cases of death or Injury to tbelr members
through accidents In Industry, and of the cost of collecting compensation
and the amount of compensation collected. .
In conclusion, I would thank the secretaries of all the various afflliated
organizations and others who by their earnest co-operation have helped
the work of this office,
That this organisation that was launched less than three years ago
with a handful of delegates, representing a few unions in Vsncouver, Victoria and New Weitmlmter, should have grown to its present dimensions,
with affiliations scattered u far as Prince Rupert ln the north and Michel
in the east, is not only gratifying to those who have spent much time
and thought and effort In building up the Federation, but Is an indication
that the workers ot British Columbia realize the necessity of concentrating
and federating their forces for the betterment of the conditions of their
Wltb the lncreue In membership during the laat year of over three
thousand, bringing the totaK membership to nearly twelve thousand, the
Federation li now ln a'position to be of real material benefit to the working
class of this province. It rests with tbe deliberations of this and future
conventions whether this Federation shall be a factor in the education of
the working ejus, and of assistance to them In their onward march to
Industrial freedom.
Respectfully submitted,
reading, of tb* nuta»ll*i by tb*.-**-
.rotary. ,.'.>-':';■,*"
d*i. McV***T*r: 1 apswiaat* tW
fact that th*' convention Is pratty
w*U hsmpered tor anything to go on
with immsdlately, aad In tbu* resolutions there ana gnat many celling
on thi executive ottaasltte* to mak*
urtaln prssentaUou to the provincial
government - Now, in tin absence of
any policy, because I think there Is a
urtaln tacit understanding that there
will be no representations made to
the provincial government for sometime to coma, lt sum* torn* that a
test resolution u to the policy of this
convention would be of value at this
time, 'because It would enable th*
resolution committee to know how to
Del. FERRIS: The** resolutions
ought to be put through tb* rubra-
tlom committee and their opinions
expressed upon them, and then submitted to the convention. I move that
the representations ot this delegation
be put before th* royal: commission.
Motion wu ruled out of order by
th* chairman, who said:
"It Is not a question of your rep-
representatlvu shall sppoar before th*
royal commission, but whether your
representatlvu shall apepar before th*
provincial government, tb* urn*
In pnvloui yun."
Del, PETTIPIHCB: For th* put
tnree years, during tb* 111* of tbls
Federation, and tor uveral yun
before tbat, lt ha* bun th* annual
custom to preunt tb* needs and
requirements of organised labor baton
the provincial government. I happen
to be one of those who for the past
Sight years hu bun a member of
tbe delegation that hu been before
tbat parliament, and I for one am
going to proclaim myulf u absolutely
opposed to pow-wowlng around th*
McBride headquarters. (Hear, hiar)
There was a time whan we used to
receive consideration of some of ihe
things we were after, and they were
Incorporated Into law and mad* a
part ot the statute*, but I regrat to
uy thla afternoon that *veh such
legislation u hu bun placed on th*
statute books—even that la not
enforced, but ruthlessly disregarded;
and In that cue I do not see tbe uu
having any mora dud wood
upon the law hup we now. hav*. It
li about time w* began to consider
ways snd means of federating our
economic power, pending the time we
are making up our minds to uu our
political power. It means almost in
entire change, of front I had almost
wished this discussion had bun staved
oft for a day or two. Our new delegates have yet to learn some of the
things we have, been trying to. do th*
last tone or four yun baton they
can grasp and appreciate the path'we
have taken ln the put. I can su
the force ot tbe remarks of the chairman of'th* resolutions committee, and
1 want to ask the delegatu hen If
they can decide what 1* the uu ot your
exuutlve committee further wutlng
time. My experience with th*
McBride government Is that we can
einect nothing at their hands, snd 1
do not sac why we should try to
deceive ourselves and probably our
membership. I think that sort of
thing should cuse. After eight yun
of appearing before the executive
council of the provincial government
I am convinced that 1Mb absolutely
useless. We may as well make up our
minds us to some policy that will end
this pettifogging over there and saving "Pleue, will you give us this."
It may be a little slower. We have
the spectacle now of men being on
strike, limply because the laws of thli
province have not bun enforced by
those whose duty It Is to enforce them.
And not only have We the government
Ignoring the lawi, but we have them
:'*   '    f,      '    '
' •*■»»<-* t*
- ~5kwai--\—-. —-,.
tea* *v*r VvMarft
tmmWh   4pEM*>lV*^'******B'********k*      •   SsW
appearing baton the p>iw»9»i
*v*ry s**-»d,
hav* had mc
twMv* month*
'  "   #*'
snmuit leaat 1
not propou, 1
to aioj-sarlng 	
u a beggar.  MiajitJa* ftlAk thai
our policy should b* to go absent aad   '
formulate oar i-uolutitn-si sad dswt*
what w*. want oundves.   \ *'.■*•
know that w* are all agreed U th*    '
method w* shall uu  to  g*<  thu*
things.- Sand a formal note or*>:(i
th* eiecutive council, had   I "-'m
almost dictate th* reply w* wO 8     •
Th* premier will rub hu h***fc nd
thank as  for  our  repr*swtstl**si  "
upadally tha brief form, and tlshy
will be mUUed to Jito earnut eea-
sldaratlon. , HeBsId*,  this morning,
sild he had led the government for
tan yun, snd altar thou ten y**r*\
experience, I think It Is about up to '"•
ui to mak* a change. Ut u deold* at
one* and quit thla hoous-pocu buri-
neu.   I think the eotnmtttu will b*
well advlud thl* afternoon If we sup
away from' McBride aad ittUt how
but w* cant secure tb*1 tUags  w*
dutn for onrulvu.   (Apphu*).
Dsl. NORRI8:  1 ww going te Am
to a,point of orte. , As the reprasu   '
tativ* ot itw local to which I bstoag,
I put resolutions her* on behalf of
our local, and I axpiet them to b*
treated  with  th*  conslderatloa  to
which they are entitled.  I expect to
*u that resolution taken over ito
whan It belongs. If It Is passed upon   '
by thla body, and that this -wun* b*,,
adopted again. /
Moved and seconded- that at. ta*
ou of thla convention th* *s*b-
utivs committee of th*" Fednallon
appear before the provincial government executive council u before. .
Delegate JORDAN: With all dm
respect to the brother who hu Just
ut down, u far u I am personally
concerned, I would not humiliate '
myulf or any ot th* other delegates
tbat may be uked to go then. •This
thing is just a fare*—a turkey-trot up
then and back again, I ntau to b*
a beggar.
Delegate SHEEN: I am quite ln
favor of what Delegate PstUplec*
says. Last year we adjourned the convention and took over soma eighty '
resolutions aad not on* of thus has.
heen enacted. W* bar* forty awn
there- repreuntlng th* capitalist
clus; w* put tbem ther*, and w*
duerve all we get, until th* working
men get educated and put It right -,
Del. FERRIS: I aim quite' at on*
with a great dial of wbat Mr. Pettlplece says. The essential part In aend-
lng tbe delegate! to thla convention,
at the same Urn*, W that th* resolutions shall apepar baton tha legislative body, and this is tbe only mesas
we have of getting Into contact with
this government body.
•"Del. MARTIN; The B. C. F*d*ra-
tlon of Labor hu ihown a persistency tbat Is, seldom found: ln aay
class ot people, even such a person ss
the bum whin he goes from houu to
noun, when he Is refused -onu b*
knows enough not to go to thst iloun
again. I think it shows a sign of
weakneu for ui to go over then
again, and I am strongly opposed to
begging and praying to any legislation.
Delegate GRAY: This ill appeara
premature. We have passed th*
resolution of going before the' cots-
mission tomorrow. In my opinion, the
whole ot tbls will be taken up tomorrow morning first thing, and u I
lee It, It Is a waste of time to take
up the matter now,
Del. SIVERTZ: Some of the members of the Victoria delegation have
criticised the entertainment committee
:- - - %
Moved by Del. McVETY that the
financial statement be taken as read,
as It Is to be printed. (Seconded and
Delegate from Cumberland stated
that in tbe numbers reported ln favor
of endorutlon of Principles of Socialism their numbers had not been mentioned, but he could guarantee another
600 In favor.
The aeeretary stated that there were
two or three organisations whue sec
retarles did not appear to have sent
In their reports.
The chairman intimated that the
report of the secretary-treasurer would
be referred to the committee on officers' reports.
Del. SIVERTZ brought In a report
of committee on constitution and
laws, which recommended as follows:
Your committee on. constitution,
rules and order of business hereby
recommend the following for governing the proceedings1 of this convention:
1. That sessions commence every
morning at 9 a.m. and continue till
12 noon, to convene at 1:30 p.m. and
continue to 5 p.m.
2. That mover and seconder be al
lowed 10 minutes each and all other
delegates   be   limited   to   5-mlnute
3. That the time limit for receiving
proposed amendments to the const!
tutlon be fixed for 5 p.m., Tuesday.
4. That election of officers be
made the first order of business on
Wednesday afternoon.
Moved and seconded that this report
be adopted u read.   (Carried.)
Moved and seconded that no resolutions be received after 1:30 o'clock
on Tuesday, and that resolutions presented after then would only be
accepted on being unanimously consented to by the convention.
Delegate McVety—Although I am
the convener of the resolutions committee, still at the same time, I do
not think the beat Interests of the
convention are served by choking
off resolutions one day after the convention has opened. I m6ve that the
time be Wednesday noon instead of
Tueaday, because I expect many delegatu will get many Inspirations
within the next few days, and I think
they should be given an opportunity to
express themselves.
Delegate Johnson spoke ln favor of
McVety's recommendation, and Dele,
gate Grant also expressed his willing,
ness to fall In with Mr. McVety's
Motion was put to the convention.
Amendment by Delegate McVety
tbat tbe time be extended to 1:30
o'clock on Wednesday, and the unanimous consent of the convention to be
obtained for the placing of further
resolutions after that time, was put
to the house, and carried.
An Intimation was read from the
entertainment committee, Inviting the
delegates and their friends to a social
entertainment at the Prince Oeorge
hotel at 8 o'clock ln the evening.,
The next order of buslnus was the
Honesty the best policy. We do not offer for sale anything until we
are fully convinced that it will stand our unlimited guarantee of utis-
faction. All rlik Is eliminated when you trad* at thla itora becanu
everything la guaranteed. Quality our Int thought, courteoui attention our
flrst taw. x
Furniture, Groceries, Men'* Outfitter!
5-Acre Tracts—Appleland
On January 20th wa placed on the market
The choicest of natures bounties, within 1H miles of OB*BBBOOS,
"tho Magnet of the Kootenays/' And apple land Is guaranteed to grow
apples. VsOM OjOBI BXOBT IB TOVB OOXTBAOT. Tills land Is sold
under a guarantee and we wish to sell only to mon who can make good.
Our price la 1-3 In cash, the balance any time. Or If it Will ault you
better ws will take crop payments for the balance. We demand the third
only as a guarantee of your good faith.
We BBOW the land will make- Rood.
HaannBB OtTB BBFt-TATIOB and our Oa-PITAX, Is bock of every
word wo soy.
* The Chapman Land. Investment Company
The Big Family Weekly   of- 8outh
Grows bigger, better and brighter
because ot its value to the people
of the district.   The good opinion of
the people haa been gained and the
good words said for the Herald by
craftsmen, workers, and every day
men and  women, have proven our
most   valuable   advertisement.    We
uk for your support because of our
Superior District News Service,
Treatment of Lsbor Questions,
Standard for Public Sarvios,
Efforts to Upbuild Esst Kootenay.
To Readers:
A postal card roquet" Till secure a
sample copy and for 92.00 we send
the Herald for one year. Cranbrook
Is the centre of a growing agricultural
community where there are things
doing you ought to hear abou*.
To Advertisers:
If you have good goods Bhow your
confidence In your product by advertising.
Let the public know that you stand
back of your goods to maintain their
high quality.
Make your name the recognised
standard In your line.
Talk to our 6,000 readers In weekly
letters snd tbe results will exceed
ail anticipations.
Cranbrook, B. O,
DOOR 00., LTD.
Manufacturers of
•Hr, Xaurea as* flu Inuakeri
windows, Bun, -names, Koau-
laga, etc.
Flooring Celtjna Siding and Detail
Sntturs'  lappUM aad BabtfoM
Otir Specialty: High Orade Finish,
Orders called for and
Cranbrook, B. 0.
Cranbrook, B. 0.
FRIDAY- ,.,...:.....JANOART 14, 1918
for Inviting the premier to address the
convention. You may think is not to
the question, but 1 think it is in explanation. There are two propositions
offered here. The one by Delegate
Pettipiece and the other by tbe mover,
and they are one and the same proposition. The question is whether you
shall send representative! or Bend
the requests through the mail. The
question Ib thla: Will this Federation continue to consider the Conservative party or the working-class
party as the representative party ln
politics? I contend this is' the question. If you do not think the legislative Is representative today, rathei
than stultify yourselves by sending
these requests by mall, nold them over
for the party that you will create in
the future, If you are not going to
abandon it entirely, send your executive over there as you have been
doing. What this Federation ought
to do Is to pass a resolution now
to consider the ways and means of
thli convention creating representation over there. I submit that the
premier knows bis ground, aad we
are making an Impression on the
government by sending our executive
over tbere, and that we ahould show
contempt for them by sending them
a letter. He knows that so long as
you hare not a representative over
there he rules the roost. I submit
that the right thing is to delay consideration of this subject until the
final result of the resolutions committee is sent In.
Del. KELLY spoke in favor of a
united stand, that lt wu Inconsistent
to refuse to see tb* provincial government,, and yet mut the representatives of the government ln tbe shape
of the royal commission.
Del. GRANT:. It seems a peculiar
stand for ub to refuse to ask our paid
servants to do wbat they are placed
there for. There ii no question but
that we shall be forced eventually to
have our own political party. I move
an amendment that the resolutions
that are to be referred to tbe govern,
ment shall be drafted by the resolutions committee and forwarded to the
government by mall.
Del. BURNHAM: I personally think
that the better way Is to do just" u
you have done, present the resolutions ln person. I think you will have
to get ln close contact, and you can.
not do It at the end of a pole. I am
going to uk the consent of the Federation to listen to a resolution that
I just handed to the secretary, which
wu omitted owing to my oversight,
which gives the Ideas of the Carpenters of Vancouver, represented by
Local 617, and the district council
endorsed this resolution, which will
put things better than I could to you
from the floor.
The PRESIDENT ruled the resolution
should not be read, saying: I have not
the slightest desire to preveat tbe
fullest discussion and ventilation, but
I want to be fair to all parties, and 1
feel It better that the house should
discuss the motion and amendment
than to Introduce some resolutions,
which will get their show tn the
ordinary way.
Delegate SAMSON: I agree with
Brother Slverti, If, ln the ' near
future, there ahould be a coming election, and we decided to send representatives to Victoria, I think lt would
be rather foolish to give away the
planks on which we propose to get
that representation. You will agree
with me that the men sent to the
house were sent by the working men
Premier McBride will endorse In his
platform exactly the same thing as
bur labor representatives will. He
has in every election to my knowledge
put forward schemes for the betterment of the working class, and you
will agree that no benefit has come
of it, It Is my opinion, Mr. Chairman,
that -the result. of our deliberations
snould not be handed over to any
political party other than ounelvei.
Del. TROTTER: Speaking to the
original motion, I was sorry Mr. Pettipiece led off ln the way he did, but
having heard the other delegates, I am
particularly pleased now, owing to the
dlscuBBlon which it hu induced. I
am also of the opinion, sir, that from
the trend of the discussion there Is
a manifest desire to change the policy
of this Federation ln regard to presenting its claims. The very first
day of this convention Is not the time
to Initiate that change. Half of these
delegates are entirely new to this convention. They have been sent' with
resolutions from their unions. The
more new delegates there are asking
for legislation, and then watching
what happens after going before the
provincial parliament and cabinet ot
B. C. each yur, you are Increasing
the amount of education to that
particular extent; and showing them
that they cannot get what they require
by knocking at that particular door-
hut to quit knocking at that particular door would be a mistake. We
are carrying on ln the labor movement
today, a course of education. There
are those who cannot appreciate these
facts, and who do not at present
believe them. There are those who
believe tbat these resolutions will be
received, and that they are going to
get that legislation; but I am one of
those who believe that we will be
turned down flatly. We have not got
any "rights," but plenty of "wrongs;"
If you don't believe me, ask the people that come from Cm. berland—they
have not seen anything "right" for a
generation. I am heartily In accord
with the sentiments of iTrOther Pettlplece, but I do not approve of this
policy. I am also asreed with Dele
gate Slverti, but the time hu not yet
come ior any change, and until a new
policy Is adopted, and machinery In
existence that can be relied upon, we
cannot move along the lines we desire.
Del. MIDOLEY: There have been
Introduced Into the question under discussion, three or four aspects of the
same question, whether or not we shall
SMid the extrutive over t; meet the
provincial government,, or whether we
shall send the requests by mall:
whether we shall appear before the
royal commission, and as to the formation and organisation of a labor
party. The unions have Fent us here
with the resolutions, whatever our own
political opinion may be, and we must
remember that we are representing
the men who sent ub here, and the
resolutions that will be read durlne
tbe next few days have the right to
be placed before the existing govern
ment, If, after presenting these matters to the legislature and year after
year they are turned down, It proves
conclusively that this body does not
repruent tbe working class. Now
no matter how we are disappointed
we have to persistently carry on the
work yesr by year, and It Is only by
persistent and consistent effort thai
we ibill be sb'e to educate the workeri. It li.only by education we grow
or nulk* any aebl-mnnts or Improve
ments. The question of the royal commission will be' taken up tomorrow
morning, and then it will be decided
whether we shall go before the agents
of the government or not. Now, with
regard to the formation of a moor
party, this is also premature, ana
there is a'resolution on the table that
will be discussed at full length later
We are not all agreed, as some
delegates suggested, that the time bas
arrived tor us to organize a labor
party, and I nni persuaded that the
workere of B. C. have arrived at a
little further stage In their mental
development (Applause.) I mOve
that the various resolutions and
amendments be laid on the table.
(Seconded and carried).
Secretary read a telegram from the
mayor of New Westminster, Inviting
the Federation to hold their next con
ventlon ln New Westminster. As follow! :
New Westminster, B. C.
January 13,1913.
President B. C. Federation ot Labor,
Victoria, B. C.
Mayor and council ot New West
minster cordially Invite Federation to
hold 1914 convention In tbls city.
A message from Pres. Stubbi, of
Mine Workeri, wu also read, as follows:
Hlllcrest, Alta.,
January 12, 1913
J. Wilkinson, President B. C. Federation of Labor, Convention Hall,
Victoria, B. C.
Accept beet wishes for a successful
convention and  let me express the
hope that the results of your deliberations may be of considerable benefit
to the workers of both provinces. Am
sorry that circumstances prevent my
being present.
President District 18, U. M. W. of A.
Convention adjourned at 5 p.m..
SECOND DAV—Morning. Session.
Jan. 14,1913.        .-
The secretary read a communication from' Chas. R. Case, enclosing
credentials of 0. H. Wallace.
This document wu, by motion, made
part of the proceedings.
Seattle, Wash.,
January 3, 1913.
Victor R. Mldgley,
Secretary British Columbia Federation of Labor, Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir and Brother—I enclose herewith the credentials of Hon. J. H,
Wallace as fraternal delegate from the
Washington State Federation ot Labor
to your annual convention.
Brother Wallace Is a member of the
United Mine Workera of America, wu
for yearB one of their district officers,
anil was made a member ot the Industrial* Insurance Commission of our
state at the request, of representatives
of organized labor. In thla capacity he
has shown splendid ability and'I take
great pleasure In commending to your
convention our member ot the Industrial Insurance Commission who hu
bo well demonstrated ability to cope
with and master new problems.
Treat - him as. you did "two fur-
riners" who were with you on a previous occasion and su that he starts
ln the right direction when he wants
to go home. With kindest wishes
for a successful convention and a
greater share of the world's wealth, 1
Fraternally yours,
President Washington State Federation of Labor.
Supplementary Report of thi Credential Committee
Mr. President—Your credential committee desires to report having
received additional credentials and
recommends that the following delegate! be seated with voice and vote
in this convention:
Washington State Federation of
Labor—Fraternal Delegate, John H.
Journeyman Tallora' Union, No. 143,
Victoria—E.  Christopher and 0. H.
Patternmakers' Association, Vancou-
—R. C. Samson.
Britannia Miners, No. 210, W. F. M„
George Heatherton.
W. R. TROTTER, Chairman.
Tbe secretary read the Executive
Committee's report u follows:
To the Officers and Delegates of the
Third annual Convention, B. C. Federation of Labor:
We, your executive board, herewith
submit our annual report for the year
The board held meetings during tho
year as follows:
At Victoria, January 26th, 1912.
Immediately after tbe close of the last
At. Vancouver, April 28th, 1912,
At Vancouver, June 10th, 1912.
At Vancouver, July 11th, 1912,
At Vancouver, November 3rd, 1912,
Interview With the Government
The last convention of the B. C.
Federation of Labor adjourned January 36th, 1912.
The next day, your executive board
appeared before Premier McBride and
the other members of the government.
Representations were made to them
concerning the following matters
according to the Instructions of the
8ummary of Resolution!
Passed at Second Annual Conen-
tlon of B, C. Federation of Labor, submitted to the provincial government
on January 271b, 1912,
1. Better facilities for placing
electors on municipal voters' list,
2. Abolition or property qualifications for all municipal offices,
3. Adult suffrage In all elections
and abolition of provincial election
4. Abolition of the poll tax.
5.   Recommend Increase in reunion
eratlon of Jurymen to 16.00 per day
0.   Recommend a law making compulsory payment of wages In legal
7. Fortnightly pay-day In all Industries.
8. Compensation for time lost In
waiting for wages due.
9. Eight hour day and six day
week ln all Industries.
10 Complaint re long hours of
employees on Interurban cars of B.
C. E. Railway.
11. Law providing for examination
for plumbers.
12.' Raising exemption of Income
tax to 32000.
13. Extension of free text books.
14. Amendment to School Act to
prevent minors selling papers.
16.   Setisre'e Schorls for Asiatics,
10   Commission for Investigation of
working conditions In mines and price
of coal.
17. Recommend taking over B. C.
Telephone system.
18. Extension of Health Act providing for inspection of all foods,  .
19. Examination of Electrical and
Compressed air engineers.
Uniformity in construction of
all hoists.
21. Appliances tor foundries and
23. Stricter enforcement of Boiler
Inspection Aot'
23. Protest against subsidized immigration, particularly Salvation
24. Rules and Regulati ns for the
distribution of electrical energy.
25. Redistribution before election.
26. Re-enactment of Natal Act.
27. Amendment to Inheritance Act
securing to widows a rightful portion
of their departed husband's estate.
38. Endorse amendments proposed
by Dlst riot 28, United Mine Workers.
29. Mine Inspectors to be elected
by miners..
30.- Olory Holes and Open Cuts to
be brought under the Mines Inspection
81. Complaint of employment of
Asiatics on Canadian Northern Railway construction.
■ 32. Better enforcement of sanitary
regulations in lumber and construction
33, Unemployed problem in British
34. Extension of provisions of
Workmen's Compensation Act to all
Industries and to all buildings regardless of height.
36. Increase of compensation in
case of death from (1,600 to 93,000,
and weekly Indemnity from maximum
of $10 to minimum of (lu.
At the close ot the Interview, we
were dismissed with the usual assurance that the Various matters would
receive attention.
Nothing further*' transpired until
April, when the Premier notified President Wilkinson that a Labor Com-
mission was to be appointed, and that
our demands would he referred to the
Your Executive met and decided to
try and tenure direct representation
Remember   me   kindly
  .   ....    .   to  Pettipiece.
Pearson and Webb, et
•     ■   T. W. CROTHERS.
Jamea H. McVety, Esq., Labor Temple,.
Vancouver, B; c.. .
-' Ottawa, August 1, Ills,
The Minister has asked me to write
you regarding the points raised In your
fetter of July 19 relating to certain
phases of the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act - As the Minister has explained to you, .the Act, under .Section
42, provides that none but British subjects may serve as members of a Board,
but does not refer to the question of
citizenship In making application. Tour
letter refers to correspondence which
took place with the Department In connection with an. application on behalf of
the employees of the Union Steamship
Company sent to the Department on November 18, 1910. In a departmental letter of December 22, addrej-ed to Mr.
John Pearson, 'one of the persons from
whom the application had been received,
Mr. Pearson was informed among other
things that the Minister, before the application was .granted, "must be satisfied
that the psrtles whose names appear as
signatories to the application are British subjects." - This was the ruling of
the then Minister of Labor. Mr. Pearson,.on January 4, 1911, took strong exception to this ruling. In your letter of
July 19 you point to certain objections
to this ruling, and n«k If it Is still effective. In reply I am to state that the
Minister's view Is that there are many
reasons why It would be well that the
Ignatures to an application should be
those of persons resident in Canada; the
Minister Is not aware of any circumstances which would require or Justify
acceptance of an application not signed
by residents of the Dominion, I am to
add that ln any application for a Board
lt should ba made clear to the Minister
that the application Is made at the expressed wish of a majority of the employees stated .to be concerned In a dispute, the application being otherwise In
conformity with the Act.
I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,
'   Deputy Minister of Labor.
James H. McVety, Esq., Room 211 Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
(COPY) ,
Vancouver, August 14, 1912.
Hon. T. W. Crothers, Minister of Labor,
Ottawa, Ont:
Dear Mr. Crothers,—
- Replying to yours of the 26th ultimo
with reference to applications for the appointments of Boards'signed by other
than British subjects. 1 have also received the letter you referred to from
Mr. Acland and It follows very closely
in style his usual non-committal replle*.
Having In mind your statement while
1 here that you were not in accord with
for the Federation on the Commission. !?« ""'I'0** iwi*k- •JI,8W**\ ,XS„*>t .'i1,'
*.    ,i   . - «; -»..., ....    f time, one paragraph of Mr. Acland s lot-
President J. W. Wilkinson and Vice-! tar la Interejtfng.Jnasmuch aaJt prac-
Presldent J, Roberts were "selected,
and the Government were notified that
we aeslred they should be Included In
the Commission as the representatives
of organized labor,
A brief reply wu received to the
effect tbat the request would be considered, I
Subsequently, President Wilkinson,
at the request of the Executive of the
Tradu and Labor Congress of Canada,
undertook organising work ln British
Columbia for that body, and your Executive submitted the name of Vice-
President B, D. Grant to the Government ln place of President Wilkinson.
Premier McBride replied that when
the Labor Commission was about to
be appointed our request would be considered.
Since then tbe Commission hu been
appointed, and we regret to have to report to you tbat the Government bas
not given any direct representation to
the Federation on the Commission.
Lemleux Act
Although the lut Convention condemned the Industrial Disputes Act
and asked tor-its repeal, It wu generally recognized that while the Conservative members of the Federal House
opposed the enactment of the legislation- on every conceivable ground in
1907, now that ihey have become th*
government there Ib no disposition on
their part to repeal or radically amend
this measure.
Having this in mind, the Executive
has kept ln close touch with all matters connected with Its operation, and
through Vlce-Presioents Pettlplece and
MoVety, assisted by local members ln
tbe olty of Vancouver, has placed the
views of organized labor before tbe
Hon, T, W, Crowthers, Minister of Labor, and Sir Oeorge Askwith, a special
representative of the British Government sent to Canada for the purpose
of studying this legislation.
On both of these occasions, ln spite
of ths courteous attention of the men
mentioned, lt waa apparent that the
views of labor were being sought for
the purpose ot being better able to
prepare contrary arguments, rather,
than from a sincere desire to meet the
objections'of the workers by legislation. If Sir George Askwith's report
on the Lemleux Act li u false as his
statements as to the necessity of shipping the Old Country unemployed to
Canada, then lt Is extremely Improbable that the workers ot England will
receive much correct Information from
his visit to Canada.
Throughout the United States tbere
Is an effort being mide to enact legislation similar to the Lemleux Act, and
very considerable correspondence
has been carried on by Vice-President
McVety with unionists and universities, wbo show a marked aversion to
accepting the reports of the Canadian
Department of Labor and Its elaborate
testimonials regarding the efficacy of
the Lemleux Act.
Arising out of the Interview with tbe
Minister of Labor, with reference to
the decision that application from
other than British subjects would not
be received, the following correspondence will serve to show the extreme
difficulty of securing any definite or
satisfactory Information on matters
that should be common knowledge.
The correspondence was finally abandoned without securing a atralght cut
decision on the point mentioned.
Vancouver, July 19, 1912.
Hon. T. W. Crothers, Minister of Labor,
Ottawa, Ont.:
Dear Sir:—Referring to our conver
"atlon with you while in till!, city and
more particularly to the point ralxed by
mc with regard to a decision rendered
by tbe Department that applications for
Boards of Conciliation under the Industrial Disputes.and Conciliation Act must
be signed by British subjects only.
The application out of which this decision arose was forwarded in November 18, 1910, and was made on behalf
of the employees of the Union Steamship
Company. The other correspondence follows In requeues and I feci sure that a
perusal by yourself will result ln ar
agreement that the legislation In question was never contemplated to place a
premium on the employment of nllens.
the natural result If.the Department continues to rule that none but British sub-
lects can apply for Boards,
Such decisions as this have contributed
largely to the disfavor Into which tilts
legislation has fallen, and I wtll be glad
to hear from you when you arrive at a
decision on this particular point.
Yours truly,
(Signed) JAS. H. McVETY.
Room 211 Lsbor Temple.
Ottawa, July 25, 1912.
Dear Sir.—
1 have your letter of the 19th Instant.
Are you not mistaken in saying that
my Department In 1910 made a ruling to
the effect tbnt none but British subjects
could apply far a Hoard of Investigation
under the Industrial Dl.jnttos Act. I
have Jir-t hurriedly looked Into the Act.
and I find Hint by Section 42 none but
Brltl3h subjects nre allowed to be mem-
hors of Boards, but 1 lime not peon any.
thing raying that none but British subjects could apply for a Hoard. However.
1 will speak with my Deputy tomorrow
and have the case you mentioned looked
np rltfht away and write you later re.
spectlng It.
tlcally confirms the decision which
have referred.to.
"In reply I am to state," says Mr.
Acland, "that the Minister's view is
that there are many reasons why it
would be well that tho signatures to an
application ahould be those of per/ons
resident In -Canada; the Minister ts .not
aware of any circumstances which would
require or Justify acceptance of an application not algned hy residents of the
There has never been any question
about the applicants for Boards being
residents of Canada, In fact how can
men be employed in Canada, unless very
close to the line, unless tney reside
here? What we would like to get I-
a straight decision as to- whether, applications are to' be. received according
to the Act—from persons employed In
Industries covered by Its provisions; or
whether the employment .of other than
British subjects renders the legislation
non-applicable la. any or all industries?
If this Is the decision of the Department, then we find ourselves -In the position of flrst requiring to ascertain
whether the employees are aliens or not,
and If they * nre, the Government declines to appoint men to Investigate matters, the aliens are compelled to submit
for Investigation under penalty. -It ap-
ricars a somewhat far fetched view, but
t also appears as though the alien employees are forced'to strike without In
vestigation, while British subjects are
refused permission to do SO.
I will be glad, Mr. Crothers, If you
will render your decision on this matter
and make the decision a matter of-record
and precedent In the Department so that
we. will know what to expect on future
Yours truly.
(Signed) :..   JAS. H. McVETY.
Room 211 Labor Temple.
Ottawa, August 19, 1912.
Dear Sir,—
I have your letter of the 14th Instant.
It seems to me the correspondence already had ln the' matter to which you
refer leaves no room for doubt concern.
Ing the attitude ot this Department respecting It.
You say: "What we would, like to get
Is a straight decision as to whether applications ore to be received according
to the Act—from persons employed In
Industries covered by Its provisions: or
whether the employment of other than
British subjects renders the legislation
non-applicable in any or all Industries?'
To the flrst question I would aay, Yes,
of course applications are to be received.
according to the Act; and to the second
No, At the same time I should tell you
that each application and reply thereto,
as well as information obtained from
other sources sometimes, are considered
and a' decision reached as to whether
In all- the circumstances a Board should
be established,
I-hope this may be entirely satisfactory.
James H. McVety, Esq., Room 211 Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Vancouver, 8ept. a, 191..
Hon. T. W. Crothers, K.C., Minister of
Labor, Ottawa, Ont.:,
Dear Sir,— ....
Thanks very much for your letter of
the 19th ultimo with reference to the
Industrial Disputes Act From the la I
paragraph, I Judge that every application for a Board froth employees In industries covered by the Act may be
granted or refused, according to the decision of the Minister,' and that an adverse decision on an application Is equivalent to an official statement from the
Minister that no grievance exists In tlw
Industry from which the application Is
If this Interpretation Is correct, I
would like to receive a decision from
either yourself or the Department of
lustlce'as to whether the men are relieved from (KB pena'tles of the Act I*
they strike after a Board has been refused. *• ...
With reference to the application of
the employees of the Union Steamship
Company, I am not aware as to the
specific allegations made.by Mr. Legg.
nt that time managing, director, but I
do know that tho company, without notice, reduced the wages of the men
16.00 per month, and the refusal of th"
Department, then In charge of Hon. w.
L. Mackensle King, to grant the mens
application for a Board, compelled them
to accept the reduction-throughout thr
entire winter without being permitted
to strike. If a statement by an em.
"oyer that his employees are not Brit.
'   aubjects  is sufficient to secure an
adverse decision from the Minister, that
Information "hould be well circulated
as an enormous saving In wages could
thereby be -effected.    :   .
I am laying some stress on this particular case, for the reason that the
same set of circumstances will probably
arise again .within a month with thr
same company and another application
will be made by the employees, regardless of whether they are British subjects or not.
Yours truly.
(Signed) JAS. H. McVETY.
Ottawa, Sept. 12, 1912.
Sir —
f am to acknowledge your letter addressed to the Minister under date of
September 3rd, wlth'refercnce to certain
aspects of the Industrial Disputes In
vestlgntlon  Act and Its administration.
You ask whether, in the event of a
Board having been refused, the employees concerned are free to strike. The
Mlnl'ter's view Is that the courts alone
are vested with' authority to determine
whether In a given case the statute haa
been infringed. .    '   „
You discuss tlie question of the appll-
cabl'lty of tho statute In cases where the
employees are not British subjects, and
you appear not to have clearly apprehended the Mini-tor's position on thl'
point. This particular question Is tnot
one, I am to state, which has arisen
for decision during the administration
nf thr Act, but the Minister's view Is
that the Act applies equally whether or
not the employees concerned are British
subjects, In such Industries, of course,
as are embraced within the scope of the
Act. This view Is believed to be entirely
consistent with the statement contained
In the departmental letter of August
1st addressed to you by the undersigned,
"that the signatures to an application
should be those of persons resident In
It la at. the same time, 1 am' to state,
the Minister's desire to give a reasonable elasticity to the administration of
the Act, and, as, was Intimated ln the
Minister's letter to you of August 19th,
each application must be considered on
Its merits and having ln mind all Information before the Minister beating
I have the honor to be, sir, your' obedient servant,
Deputy Minister of Labor.
James H. McVety,.Esq., Vancouver,-8.C.
Vancouver, Bent. 27, 1912,
Mr. A. F. Acland, Deputy Minister Labor,
Ottawa, Out:
Dear Sir,—
Replying to yours of the 12th Inst,
with reference to certain questions In
connection with the Industrial Disputes
and Investigation Act.
The refusal of the Minister, representing as he -does the Government, to grant
Immunity 'from the penalties of the Act
In Cases where applications for Board-:
have been refused Is In keeping -with
the general administration of the measure since Its enactment, and' indicate -
that the spirit of "fairness" exists .In
even smaller measure than we had anticipated.
With reference to' the question of the
nationality of applicants. You state
"This particular question Is not one, I
am to state, which has arisen for decision during the administration of the
set." a statement that Is particularly
refreshing in view of the fact that 1
have in my possession a letter addressed
(o Mr. John Pearson,' Agent of the Sailors' Union, signed by Mr. Gerald H.
Brown, Acting Deputy Minister, In which
the application of the employees of tin
'Hon Steamship Company were refused
a Board because the signatories were not
British subjects. The effort to shift
ground and to make It appear as though
"resident ln Canada" was the Issue Is
without avail, as the entire correspondence In connection with the application
'of Mr, Pearson and his colleagues does
not disclose a single reference or objection on the question of residence. It
seems rather late In the day to raise
this alleged reason for a decision made
some time ago, especially as the original
correspondence Is still extant.        .
I am pleased to accent the decision of
the Minister that each application for
Boards "must be considered on Its merits," but lt would be Interesting to know
Just what constitutes "me.iti" when
applications are under-consideration. The
strength of an organisation—the number
of members—.the proximity of an election and a host of other considerations
might be considered "merits'.' by unkind
critics, and It Is particularly unfortunate
that the measure Is to become, like Its
predecessor, the Allen Labor Act, a political football. .-
Yours truly,
(Signed^ JAS. McVETT.
Organizing the Timber Industry.
During the year the Vancouver
Trades snd Labor Council made a
start towards the organisation of the
timber workere employed ln the woods
of the Province, securing for this Important work the services of Oeo.
Heatherton, a delegate to the last Convention, representing the Western Federation of Miners, a man with a very
considerable amount of experience
among miners, and consequently ot
great value in an Industry where many
ex-miners are employed.
The difficulties of carrying on this
work have been very 'great, due ln no
small measure to the fact tbat a number of half-baked, half-fraternal organizations have been formed at different
times, with the result that the loggers
have been fooled and robbed until they
have -little faith in any movement.
There Is, of course, absolutely no organization ln any section ot the timber
industry in this Province, and this has
made lt doubly hard to get a start.
However, be the difficulties as great as
they are, Brother Heatherton ha* got
together the nucleus of an organisation, and with the widening of the plan
for handling this branch of Industry
the prospects are bright for the future.
This widening has been brought
about by conferences by members of
your Executive wltb Preeldent Brown,
of the Shingle Weavers' international
Union, the fighting chief of as militant a little organisation u hu ever
resisted tbe encroachments of organized capital. This little organisation,
for numerically Its membership is only
about five or six thousand, has for the
past ten years heen carrying on a
single-handed fight in the States or
Washington and Oregon, but Its activities have been confined to the shingle
workers. Application was made to tbe
last convention of the American federation of Labor to extend the Jurisdiction of the Shingle Weavers to
cover all the workers ln the timber Industry and also to appoint .a number
of organisers to assist in carrying on
tbe work. Both of these requests
were favorably considered, and a meeting of representatives of the Washington State Federation, the Shingle
Weavers and the B. C. Federation was
held In Seattle during the last week
of 1912, your Executive directing Vice-
President McVety to represent the
Federation, and also providing for the
attendance of Organiser Heatherton.
A plan of action was mapped out,
and Bro. Heatherton received the
unanimous support of the meeting as
one of the appointees of the American
Federation of Labor.
From reports received at the meeting, condltiona are very favorable ln-
feed for the furthering of the organization ln the State of Washington ln particular, where the camps are ln many
Instances situate at the mills, and employ as many ss five hundred men,
Owing to employment agent abuses,
which have bee nsuccessfully resisted
by the shingle weavers, tbe others are
satisfied that the time has arrived for
emulating the example set by the
weavers, and In at least one Instance
an organization has been formed without any outside assistance whatsoever.
The Shingle Weavers' Convention
will be held In Portland on the 18th
Instant, and your Executive Is of the
opinion that Inasmuch as Bro. Heatherton Is to work largely under the direction of President Brown of that organization, provision should be made
for htm to attend that Convention and
get all the Information and assistance
Unlvereal Working Card.
A resolution favoring the adoption
of a Universal Working Card, that was
carried by the last Convention, bas
been carefully considered by your
Believing that the adoption of a universal working card for the entire
membership of the Federation would
not only tend to cement closer to
gether the various crafts, but would
also eliminate a number of the Jurisdictional disputes that from time to
time harass some sections of our membership, but would aim enable men
capable of working at more than one
trade to transfer from one. union to
another without paying additional initiation fees.
We recommend that the Executive
be Instructed to take a referendum
vote of the afflliated unions on tbe
Question of the adoption of tbe universal working-card..
At the conclusion of the last Convention last January, it fell to the lot
of the Vancouver members of the
Executive Board of this organization
to take up, along with others, the question of what to do with the unemployed
In Vancouver, To the slogan of "Par
ade . Your Poverty," the workless
quickly responded, and , thousands
walked the "prosperous" streets of the
Terminal City, wltb all sorts of dis
plays indicating to the smug Job owners of B. C. that they were determined
not to starve to death without putting
up a protest. Open-air mus meetings
were held, and at least one of our Ex-'
eoutive officers contributed to some
thirty In number who wefe thrown
into a filthy Jail for having the temerity to address one of the meetings in
question. However, the display resulted In Borne 3,000 Jobs being created
by the civic and provincial governments, and the situation wu much improved as a consequence. During the
year Just passed tbere has been a tremendous amount of big public and corporate work In progress, which hu
lasted well up to the present; but the.
active immigration policy of the governments, both provincial and federal,
has more than kept the labor market
supplied, with the Inevitable consequence that the tendency of wagea is
ever downward, and tbe difficulty of
organization further Intensified. Until
the workers, both unemployed and
otherwise, leam to get together and
take possession of the things they
must have access to In order to live,
there will always be Unemployment, ln
this and every other portion of tbe
capitalist world. These and other
problems are the function and mission
of such Conventions as this one. May
these gatherings increase ln number,
and the determination to do all, dare oepted as"a correct princlple'to chargq
sixteen Statu bave enacted a modern
system of compeniating workers Injured in industry. Of these, Washington, Ohio, New Jersey and Massachusetts have, it is generally conceded,
the but legislation—the Washington
Act being probably tbe best ln the
world. '
"ln Canada there has not heen any
changes in existing legislation made
during the put year, a majority of tb*
Provinces having enacted laws some
years ago, all with the allowancu
based too low and compelling the injured to collect such meagre, compensation as can be secured from the employer- or the Insurance company,
"the Royal Commission appointed
by the Ontario Government has not, u
far as I have been able to learn, yet
made Its report, and ln this connection
I desire to draw the attention of the
delegates to the very excellent presentation of Labor's case by tbe Ontario
unionists, led by Vice-President Bancroft, of the Dominion Trades Congress,.* resume of wblch appears ln
the report of proceedingi of the lut
Congress. To those Interested tbls
report will be found of very great statistical and historical value, and will
worth some study.
"Coming back to the State of Wash-
Ington legislation, It hu long bun ac-
all for the men, women and children
we represent.
Compensation Lsglilitlon.
The delegates will remember tbat a
special committee wu appointed at
tne last Convention to Investigate and
bring In recommendations dealing with
required amendments to the Workmen's Compensation Aot, Owing to
the fact that tbe famous case of Kruz
vs. Crow's Nest Coal Co. wu then be
the cost of broken and obsolete
machinery to the coit of production.
The Washington legislature hu extended the principle, and now cbargu
the cost of maintaining crippled workers and the dependents of thole killed
outright to Industry. But they have
gone still further, and Instead of leaving the Injured worker to the tender
mercies of employers and Insurance
companies, not forgetting tbe "ambulance chasers," the Industries are taxed
fore the courte (decision hu since Si""..^; «,'. mi.„iTa.1*337
h«n .«..»< m f.vnr of th. min„»i   directly by the State and the admlnls-
heen rendered in favor of the miners),
it was deemed inexpedient to take any
action except to uk tor the Increase
of the allowances provided for by the
Act, this having been done by tbe Executive Committee at the last session
of the Legislature, with the usual results.
With a view to securing the latest
and most accurate information concerning compensation legislation, Vice-
President McVety was directed to summarize briefly the situation aa it stands
generally, as well as to report more
specifically regarding the Washington
Act, which received a considerable
amount of favorable comment at the
last Convention.   His report follows:
"Speaking Internationally, practically every country ln Europe, except
Turkey, has some form or another of
compensation tor workere maimed or
killed In Industry, there being 52,000,
000 workers fibvered by legislation of
this kind In eight of -the principal
countries of Europe.
-"In the United States, compensation,
except ln industries coming under ths
head of Interstate Commerce, Is a matter of State legislation, and so far only
tratlon of the legislation carried oh by
State officials.
"While OBtenmoly, tbe Act applies to
extra basardous occupations only,
In reality It embraces all of the principal Industries. Factories, mills,
workshops using machinery, printing
shops, telephone plants and laundries
are Includes!, as well as powder mills
and bust furnaces.
"Every such employer Is compelled
to pay Into the State treasury uch
year a certain percentage of his yurly
pay-roll the percentage being baud
on the nature and hazard of tbe particular industry as fixed by tbe Ihdut-
'rlal Insurance Commission, a body ot
three jpntmissloners appointed by tbe
Governor. The fund! received from
each industry are kept separately, and
the payments made. to workers are
charged to the fund collected from the
Industry In which the Injury occurred.
"Now suppose * worker is Injured.
He does not rush into the courts.
sgalnst his employer, neither does he
ll'e a claim against him; he looks for
compenution to tbe State Itself, His
(Continued on Page Nine.)
The Big Store
"A Square Deal
to Everybody"
Complete Departments in.
Rossland Miner
. K. ESLINO,' Proprietor.
Issued Twice a week
Subscribe for it and keep informed
on RossJand and Kootenay happening*.
Has been published In Rowland for lft
OMOSB-DB* AIR) i-Bovmoirs
P.O. Box 131 .    Phone ltt
.   oOLirania t,—ansa
Rossland, B. C.
aim ante Sadies' afsrekuaise at
t-oiv&as raioM
"The Ladles' Fashion Centre"
Bosslasl, I. O. -Trail, a. O.
Furniture, Carpets, Pictures,
Linoleum.. Oil Cloth, Etc.
raneral Dltestoi aad labalawr.
aosslaad, a. 0. *
Beal aetata ana Minus Agsats.
Fire. Life, Accident, Eto.
Custom Zona, aad stock Bnkus,
Established 1895
Traders' Blook, aosslaad, a. C.
Ofaemiit and Druggist
Rossland, B. C.
_~ ,   Aooo-rawAa-f
IBaiag Agent aa* l***tsSsi
Telephone lit P.O. £oi IS
aosslaad, a. a
P.O. BOX 754
Hugh Henderson, Prop.
The West Kootenay Power ft Light
Company, Limited; Head office Boss,
land, B, 0. Generating stations at
Lower Bbnnington, Upper Bonnington
and Cascade City.
Output of different plants, 26,000 electric hone power, supplying power to
tne Consolidated Company at Trail,
Consolidated Companyat Rossland, aa
well as all other operating mines.
Granby Company at Grand Forks
and Phoenix, B. C, Copper Company
at Greenwood and Mother Lode mln*.
Rossland, B. O., Jan, 17—Mr. J, F.
Deschamps has Just announced that
the tract of. three thousand acres ot
logged off land which he owns north
of the city will be placed on th* mar
ket this spring. People here have
been waiting for this announcement
for some time and It Is welcomed by
a great many who hsve been waiting
for an opportunity to buy In that section.
Mr. Deschamps la an old ssttler at
RosEland, having lived here 16 years;
he Is the owner of the Rossland Mills,
and the employer- of a large number
of men.
The announcement of Mr. Dei-
champs to the effect that he would be
a candidate for mayor thli year was
met wltb approval by the majority of
voters, and till election li practically
conceded. He has not made any campaign promises, excepting, to use hli
own words, to "Be* that everything
fits right." Section 3
FIFTH YEAR.   No. 94
\*    '     '      ' ' ' ' ~	
Y£8<MXJp&,-&C» F&&JLT,??JJs}WAiW M, 1813;
(Continued from Page Bight)
case la investigated by the staff ot tha
'. Industrial Commission, and If hli Injury results ln permanent total disability, he Is entitled, to a monthly
payment of from ISO to $86, bssed on
the number and relationship of nil dependents.
"If hli disablement II total but tern.
porary, an amount not In excess of
sixty per cent, of his monthly wages Is
payable during lta continuance.
"in oaae of death, the widow receive* 120 monthly during her lifetime and widowhood, and 15 per month
for each child until it reaches the age
of 18 years, in no case, however, more
than (135 per month.
"There are certain outstanding features of the Act to be noted.
"All employers of labor In 'extra
hazardous' occupations MUST Join.
Others may.
"The employer pays all ot th* premium!.
The State administer! the plan, and
private Insurance companies have no
part ln the acheme.
"The old-time common law liability
Is abolished, so far as It applies to the
risks coveted by the Act
"As was expected, when the law
went into force, the casualty companies saw their dividends slipping from
- them, and did everyth.ng In their
power to have the Act declared unconstitutional. In this they were unsuccessful. Next they tried to prejudice
the employers against coming under
the Act—In such cases as this was optional. But the employers, on Investigation, found that the payments, in
many cases, levied under the new law,
were not as high aa the premiums exacted by the casualty companies for
Insurance. They found, too, that not
one-alxth of money paid to the insurance companies ever reached the employees-tost when they paid the
money to the State there waa no further trouble-no law suits and costi,
and the workers got the benefit!, So
the employers came In' In large numbers, and as they came In a proportionate number of parasite lawyers and Insurance shareholders went out, Illustrating very nicely, by the way, the
fact that employer! are quite human
when their pocket books are not affected.
"It la held by Washington unionists,
who, by the way, are responsible, with
the assistance of the farmers, for the
enactment of the legislation, that the
payments are too small, and President
Case, ot the Washington State Federation, ln conversation with the writer,
stated that the employers would not
seriously oppose an amendment to the
Act at the present session of the legislature, considerably Increasing the
amounts paid.
"About the only weak point in the
Act li the failure to provide what la
commonly known ai 'First Aid,' meaning provision tor the payment of doctors and hospital accounts, the compensation being eaten up ln many
cases, as In British Columbia, by the
charges for surgical work which must
be borne by the Injured persons. This
will also be, ln all probability, provided for at the coming, session of the
Waahlngton legislature.
"While this Act haa been ot considerable benefit to the workera Injured tn
Washington Industries, the establishment of tbe precedent haa been ot
•qual value. A Commission appointed
by Governor West, ot the State of Oregon, has Just reported, after an extensive investigation Into tbe workings of
the Washington Act, and their report
favors the adoption of similar legislation, at the same time' advising an Increase of 28 per cent. In the amounts
paid, as well sb providing for the 'first
aid' features omitted from the Washington measure. .
"Taken as a whole, or viewed from
any particular angle, keeping in mind
that the problems of the working class
will never be 'solved as long as their
labor power remains a commodity, tbe
Washington legislation Is certainly a
distinct advance over anj'.hlng In existence In the British Empire, and Instead of trying to patch up the British-
Columbia Act, future efforts should be
towards the adoption of the principle
of the State taking care of Its Injured
B. C, Federatlonist.
Resolution No. 80, passed by the lut
Convention, directed the Executive to
enter into negotiations with the Vincouver Trades and Labor Council with
the Idea of taking over the B. C. Federationist and making tt, ln the fullest
.tense, a provincial publication.
l" As directed, the question was taken
up by correspondence, but the Council
could not see Its way clear to accept
the proposition submitted by the Executive, and submitted an alternative
scheme by which the ownership Would
be transferred to a stock company
made up ot bill* payable and th* estimated amount of unexpired subscriptions and advertisements,
As already noted, the paper has been
printed weekly since, being taken over,
sometimes four pages, six Paget, eight
and going aa high ss thirty-two In a
special number Issued during tbe
month of December. Every effort has
been made to make It voice tbe needs
and requirements of organised labor,
particular attention having been Bald-
to the mlnen' stria* on Vancouver
Island. While the expanse of production has been enormously increased by
the special feature! aad more frequent
publication, the attain of th* company
are In good shape and In a solvent
condition, a contrast to those of numerous labor papers, particularly lo thilr
earlier days..
. The Executive recommendi that the
offer of the Vancouver Tradei and
Labor Council be accepted at once,
and that the Secretary-Treasurer be
instructed to pay ths amount of
1200.00 as required by the arrangement.
Teehnlesi   Education  and   Establish
mint of * Labor Collage.
In view ot the obvious difficulties
surrounding all efforts to realise practical results along the lines Indicated
In the resolutions introduced on thli
subject from time to time, our Executive feels that the Delegates are prepared to learn ot slow progress ln
the general advancement of this sub-
■jr. I, i*u*a»
Chairman Wan aa* Unas poaualtMs,
a. 0. IV of L. OottvsatwB.
lect. The necessity for a thorough
and comprehensive plan' ot technical
education ts being recognised and In-
sreaslngly felt by all classes ot peo-
ale who give the question any consideration. The rapid development of
machinery, and Its consequent division
it labor, Is rendering the apprentice,
ship system inadequate and obsolete.
In order, therefore, that the workerB
may have an Intelligent understanding
of the varloUB processes of Industry
In which tbey may be engaged, lt
becomes an absolute necessity that a
system of Instruction be provided
whereby technical knowledge may be
obtained under the most favorable
As stated ln last year's report, the
Executive had expected that the report
if the Royal Commission on Technical
Education, appointed by the Federal
lovernment some two or three years
igo, would be published. The time
ind talent at the disposal of the Commission Justifies the expectation that
the report, when published, will be
of material assistance In establishing
% system of technical Instruction that
will meet the requirements of the
times, Unfortunately, the report Is
not printed so far, and the Executive
Is at a disadvantage to that extent,
The following paragraph trom the
report of the Executive Council of
the Trades and Labor Congress,. Is
quoted as showing the views taken
on this matter by the organised workers throughout Canada. The said
paragraph, together with the report
of the committee thereon, waa unanimously adopted at the annual Convention at Guelph In September last.
"With regard to Instruction by the
Calgary Convention to bring In a report upon the advlsblltty of establishing a school for the education of young
...I..1I..J  »«■. un nun   muK men elected thereto by Labor Unions
capitalised for 120,000, dividedI Into ,„ Can,da. tfce eduoatlon t0 be ln tne
fundamental   principles   of   political
10,000 shares of 11.00 each. In return
for the franchise and assets of the
paper, the Trades and Labor Council
to be allotted five thousand shares,
and ln consideration of the B, C. Federation of Labor paying 1200.00 ot
costs incurred In Incorporating the
company, five thousand shares were
to be allotted to tbe trustees of tbe
Federation. The balance of the shares
with the exception of five, to be held
as treasury stock,
With the tacit consent of the Executive and ln anticipation of the approval
of the Federation Convention, the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council has
carried out the plan outlined above,
and Is prepared, on payment of 1200.00,
to allot five, thousand shares to tne
trustee! of the Federation.
The five lharei referred to tn the
latter part of the lut paragraph ware
•old at par to the representatives of
the Trades and Labor Council who
formed the company on behalf of that
body, lt being necesssry for each applicant tor a charter to have shares ln
his own name.
The flrst board ot director! of the
B, C. Federatlonist, Limited, Is composed as follows: J. W. Wilkinson and
Jas. H. MoVety, tentatively represent-
Ing the Federation; Jas. Campbell,
John McMillan and R. P. Pettlplece,
representing the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Counoll, Mr, Jas Campbell
Il president; Jas, H, McVety, More-
tary-treasurer; and R. P. Pettlplece,
manager and editor,
the delegates will remember that
the paper was, at the date of the last
Convention, a bi-monthly publication.
Ai loon ii it wu turned over to the
company, It was Issued weekly, and
' has continued ai such ever since.
When the paper was turned over to
the company by the Council, the as-
sets,' comprising good account! and
office furniture, amounted to 11,084.00;'
with llabllltlei of 1557.01, thli being
economy and In the technical proces.
sos of Industry. Your Executive Com-'
mittee fcol that the object outlined
by the resolution Is a possibility for
the labor unions ln Canada to accomplish In the future, but Is at present
premature. Could the Executive Com
mittee recommend an Immediate
attempt to organise such an Institution they would do so, but In the face
of the facts, that, with the tendency
to own their Labor'Temples In Canada, the workers are busy financing
them, with the gradual leading to
controlling and owning labor papers,
coupled with the many per capita taxes
throughout the movement, leads to the
conclusion that with the great dls-
'ancoa separating the worker In the
Dominion end the many financial ventures on hand the very worthy and
ambitious desire for a Labor College
had better stand at present and the
Executive continue to prosecute In-
lulrles for the purpose of, at a more
opportune time, laying a concrete report of the coat, revenue needed, etc,
of such an Institution."
"Labor College.—Your Committee
concur tn the position taken by the
Executive relating to the formation
of a Labor College, and while lt Is
'elt that such a scheme will be a
necessity tn the most distant future,
we feel that the time Is not quite ripe
tor a move In this direction on the
oart of organised labor. On thla sub.
Jeot a letter was received from Mr.
Geo. Sims, Secretary of the Centra)
Labor College, London, England, complimenting the Congress on the move
contemplated In the formation of such
a college ln Canada, and we recommend that this letter be filed in the
records of the Congress,"
In Vancouver, ae a result of the
efforts of labor bodies, arrangement!
have been'made by the School Board
for Teohnloal Classes during th* pr*s-
ent season -and a number of Journey,
men and Improven are reported to
be taking advantage of asm*.
In Victoria, <th* School Trustees
nave had the subject under consideration, and while they are willing to
provide technical instruction, no classes bave been arranged for so far, u
the school accommodation Is so limited
aa to make sny step In that direction
Impossible until the new High School
Is completed.
Better FaellHIs* for Placing Nam*; of
Municipal Etcetera on th* Vetera
Thli wai oa* of th* question! submitted to the Government aad which
the Executive Board hoped would receive some consideration at lta hands.
The Cabinet, however, saw fit to nlt-
gste the matter, together with thirty-
four, other Items, to the coBilderation
of the Royal Commission on Labor
recently appointed.
In the meantime, th* Victoria Tndes
and Labor Council brought this subject to the attention -of the Attorney-
General by recommending one of it*
memben for appointment ai commit
sloner to take affidavits in order to
place names of municipal electon on
the votera' lilts. The Attorney-General replied by pointing out that lt li
the Invariable practice of the Government to appoint only memben of the
legal profession is commissioners to
take affidavits In the Supreme Court
A careful study of th* Municipal
Aot, ai well aa the Obarten under
which certain cltlei operate, Is necessary ln order that aproperly dratted
amendment may be submitted to the
Legislature, ■
Preildent—J. W. WILKINSON.
Secretary-V. R. MIDOLEY.
Vlce-Preildent*—C. SIVERTZ.
PRESIDENT—The nport of the
executive board Will be referred to
the committee on offican' report.
Delegate MorriBS moved, Rhoddes
seconded: That we consider the
motion calling for special order of
business at 10 o'clock.   (Carried).
Moved and seconded that the secretary proceed to reading ot resolutions.
The secretary read resolutions Nos
43 to 60 inclusive.
Order of business—Reading of re
port of Fraternal Delegate to Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada
Report of Delegate  te  Tradu  md
Labor Cengreu ef Cinada Convention at Ouelph, Ont.
To tha Officers and Memben of the
B. C. Federation of Labor:
Having been the unanimous choice
ot last Convention ot the B. C. Federation of. Labor to attend the twenty-
eighth annual Convention of the
Trades and Labor Congreu of Canada, which met at Guelph, Out, last
September, tt devolves upon me to
touch upon some of the salient features   of the session.
Inasmuch aa the printed official pro
ceedlngs of the Congress are now In
the hands of the membership of
organised labor, or can be obtained
upon application to the Secretary-
Treuurer at Ottawa, It li not my Intention to prolong the iltttngi ot this
Convention with detail!.
The local programme committee wai
all that could have been desired tn
even a larger city than Ouelph, and
the reception ot the Delegates was
such ai to promote th* beat of good
feeling and the "tree masonry"
peculiar to the organised labor movement
The presence of J. Keir Hardle again
was appreciated by all, and what he
did and laid of the "Jingo" militarist
of thli and hli own country wai both
fitting and timely,
Sir George Askwith, representing the
British Board of Trade, wu a guest
of the Convention, ind he' must ever
remember the combing the much-
boosted Lemleux Act received at the
hands of the Congress, even though It
spelled disappointment.
Resolutions, as usual, there were,
but fewer and better ones than heretofore. In tact, the Convention
clearly demonstrated that thewage-
worken of Canada were becoming pretty well agreed upon Industrial freedom.- Having reached unanimity upon fundamentals, naturally enough tbe moat effective method of securing such demands were
emphasized. And there wu but one
conclusion: That the workers must
reaffirm the Congress's now noted
declaration, made at Victoria In 1901,
tor Independent political action. If
there Is any difference of opinion on
this phase of the Congress policy,
there was certainly no evidence of It
shown at Guelph. On the contrary,
there wu no east and west, no old-
narty political hacka, but in ever
Increasing number of delegates with a
higher conception of the task before
Labor than ever before, It was one
of those Conventions where the proceedings and discussion sent a dele-
gate home with broader and bigger
notions of the part we are playing as
a unit ln the world-wide struggle of
the workera for the things which make
civilization possible. It was really
worth while, and there Is no organization which should attempt to eatlmate
In mere dollars and cents the value
of having Its representatives sent annually to such a training school In ths
Social Democracy to be.
The delegates gave recognition to
the Congress officers by reelecting the
officers (Seoretary-Treasurer Draper
wu absent through illness, but Sunny
Jlmmle Simpson mid* a good substitute), The result* of the election!
Executive Offlcere ef Congress,
President, James C. Watters, P. O.
Box 615, Ottawa; Vice-President, Fred
Bancroft, 139 Quebec Avenue, Toronto;
Sec-Trauurer, P. M. Draper, P. O. Box
515, Ottawa.
Provincial Exseutlvu.
British Columbia—B. C. Federation
of Labor Executive Board.
Alberta—Alberta . Federation of
Ubor Executive Board.
Nova Bcotla—John T. Joy (Chairman), 60 Upper Water St., Halifax,
N, 8,; John Brooki, «6'Crelghtoa St.,
Halifax, N. B.i W. N. Goodwin, Qutsn
Truro, N. 6.;, B. V., Fisher, Inverness, N. S. ■--■  ."'.- "■'!-
New Brunswick—James L.- Sugrue
(Chairman), 17 Peters St., St. John;
N. B.; Herman J. Campbell, .49 Brussels St., St. John, N_ B.; P. D. Ayer,
779 Main St, Moncton, N. *B.j L,
McKlnnoh, 22 Maple St, Moncton, N.B.
Prince Edward Island—To be appointed by Executive Council.
Quebec—J. T. Foster (Chairman),
364 Delorimler Ave., Montreal, P. O,;
G, R. Brunet, Ut Berrl St., Montreal,
P.Q.; T. Bertrand, 111 Quesnel St.,
Montreal, P.O.; O. Jitt*, (28 Gunner
St., Montreal, P. Q.
Ontario—Jos. Gibbon* (Chairman)
Labor Temple, 117 Church St, Toronto; W. B. Parker, 131 Paisley 8L,
Guelph, Ont; Jos.' Marks, Labor
Temple, 167 Church St, Toronto;
Thos. Moore, Prospect Ave., Niagara
Falli, Ont
Manitoba—R. A. Rigg (Chairman),
Room 14, Labor Temple, Winnipeg;
Henry Irwin, P. O. Box 156, Portage
la Pralri*, Man.; H. Taylor, 254 Rldeau
Bt, Brandon, Man.; Henry Fl Strang*,
Typographical Union Rooms, Silvester
Wilson Bldg, Winnipeg! Man.
Saikatchewan — Wm. McAllliter
(Chairman), P. O. Box 687, Moose
Jaw, Bask.; Ed. Chicken, S83 Fourth
Ave, Saskatoon, Suk.;' Jas. Somerville, P. O. Box 1100, Moose Jaw, Suk.;
Gordon Merllng, "Leader" Office, Re.
glna, Sask.
Tbe Province of Alberta and British
Columbia bave organised Provincial
Federation! of Labor which are char,
tered by the Congreu to deal with tbe
legislative matten previously dealt
with by the Provincial Executive Com.
Fraternal Delegate to the American
Federation- of Labor—John W. Bruce,
671 Carlaw Ave, Toronto, Ont,
Fraternal Delegate to British Trades
Union Congress—P. M. Draper, 112
Florence St., Ottawa, Ont
The flnanolal statement ot the Con
grass showed the following summary:
Receipts, Including balance from lut
year, 115,899.79; expenditure, $10
219.83, leaving a balance of 15,479.97
to the credit ot the Congress on Sep
tember 1, 1918—and- representing u
dues-paying membership of over 66,000,
The decision of the Congress to
exchange fraternal delegates with the
British Trades Union Congress seems
to   be   Justified   In   these, days   of
joam i. lua-tni
Chairman Constitution and Saw Ooaiailt-
tee, a. c. i*. of L. Ooaveatloa.
"lmperlallzlng" among the gentlemen
who own the British Empire. Will
Thorne, M. P., will be the firsi delegate from Great Britain, and the Montreal Convention next September will
be the more Interesting on that
Tha uselessneBs of any longer supplicating for labor legislation or
expecting an consideration at the
hands of the government seems to
have been fairly well Impressed upon
the Congress delegates, and In turn
passed on to the membership.
Leaving you to the official Congress
Report for further Information I will
close by recommending to thli Convention that steps be taken at this
Convention to uk the Congreu to
provide for larger representation. for
Provincial Federation ot Labor at
future sessions. In fact the day la
coming when the Congress should bo
mostly made up of Provincial Federation! of Labor executive offican md
central labor body delegates If would
eliminate expenie and leave more
fundi available for legislative work and
organisation with that aim and object.
The pressing need for a Congress news,
letter service, similar to that maintained by the A. F. of L, li alio one
that this Convention should urge upon the executive officers of the Congress,
In the hope that the experience and
training thli organization hai helped
to make possible for me, will rebound
to the ultimate benefit of the working
class,' and assuring you ot my appreciation of your confidence.
I am, youn,
Vancouver, B. C, January 10, 191!.
President: The report will be referred to committee on officers' report.
President: The special order of
business re the attitude of this con-
entton to the labor commission having been annulled by the motion to
reconsider and pub on tha resolutions,
lt Is for you to decide whether we
take up this matter now.
Moved and seconded: That the convention now proceed to the consideration of the attitude ot this body
towards the Royal Commission on
Labor.    (Carried).
Moved by Delagate THOMAS, Longshoreman, Vancouver, and seconded:
That the B. C. Federation of Labor
appoint two of Its number to appear
before the Labor Commission to
express the views of the Federation.
Amendment by Delegate GRANT:
That a committee be anointed to prepare a memorial to present to the
convention and If th* convention
approve* to be presented to the
Labor Commission.
Delegate MvVETY: I don't know
whether delegates are holding back to
get light on the question, but It seems
to me peculiar that an Important matter of this kind should go so close to
the actual vote without any other
comment than what wu made yeiter-
day on the question.
Th* Federation finds Itself In thli
position. It has mad* requests repeat
adly for t)w lut sight yean for
legislation which nag always met with
th* same reply from th* government
that Uu question was under "earnest
eoneldeMtlon." Yesterday, Sir Rich,
srd McBride, in th* sours* of. his
remarks, told as plainly thst be was
not utisfled that there wu any
ground* for complaint; or, In, other
words, that th* representative men of
thli body were not bona Ada, and'did
aot represent th* opinion! of the people thty prof*u to repreient and In
consequence he had found It necessary to appoint an "Impartial" com
mission. W* accepted th* statement
ot the flnt minister with reference
to th* appointment of the commission,
and hs had the courtesy to advise ns
that hla commission .wu to be
appointed and that we might submit
names. The executive committee
recommended two of our but men—
the preildent of the organisation and
Vice-President Roberts, a man of vsst
experience and training and will fitted
for the work of thli commtulon. And
yet the government whan It comes to
the actual appointment, passes over
the recommendations of this body—
and, after all, th* flrst minister conceded yesterday, tbat th* working
classes of this province were probably
the most Important body in the prov
Inoe, and yet while admitting that,
he'passed over tbe recommendation
of the Federation and Ignored It
entirely In th* appointment of th*
Now It seems to me that while I
hold strong views as to the Insult
handed out, In view of th* statement
of the ministers—organised labor tn
the province hu received a serious
Insult at the hands ot the flrst minister ind hli government—I think this
body should not give In to lt without
submitting a protest. I don't think
we should take the slap that has been
handed- to us without remembering
that our membership haa the vote and
appreciates the effect of It.
The Federation hu two positions
before It—to Ignore the commission
entirely, on account of the insult thai
haa been handed to tbe delegates and
the constituent members • thereof.
Against that position we have to consider the entire loss of publicity and
education that would be received
through able and proper presentation
of the vlewi of organised labor before
such a body. Yau bave to consider the
Insult offered and the advantage to
be gained by a deputation, and 1 am
still of an open mind as to whether
tt would be beat for the Federation to
Ignore the commission, or to protest
against Itl composition, I think that
probably the best results would be
gained by a resolution setting forth a
protest against the extremely poor
men who'hav* bean appointed on the
commission, from a labor standpoint,
and at the ume time submit the views
of organized labor In their best form.
Great publicity la to be gained by the
presentation of these views, and only
in consideration of the publicity to be
received In that connection, would I
offer to consider going before that com.
Delegate McVety moved tb* following resolution: That this convention go on record as protesting
strongly against the action of the
provincial government ln Ignoring the
representations or the nominations of
such an Important body u the B. C.
Federation of tabor and that a committee of three or a delegation of
three be appointed to go before the
commluion and voice tha protest.
Delegate SIVERTZ moved the fol
lowing amendment: Resolved that It
be an Instruction to this special com'
mittee to preface any presentment
that It may draw up for submission
to the Royal Commission by an
expression ,of regret at th* action of
the government In Ignoring the
recommendations of tbe Federation for
representation on the said Royal Com-
Delegate BURNHAM: It wu only a
short Urn* ago tbat a communication
was received by the Federation inform
Ing them of the appointment of th.j
commission and laying to tbem that if
they were not ln a position to present
their complaint! to the commission
they were to put ln th* evidence to
the executive and they would see It
wu placed before the commission. I
believe that yesterday on reading tho
report that It wu understood that that
committee would make tome report
thli morning upon thli very question.
I would uk If the committee hu been
ask*d for th* report.
President: The committee hav* not
been uked for their report.
Delegate Burnham: I move tbat this
report be read.
President: The commute on officer*' nport must have known that
they wished to make a report thli
morning. I had no request from the
committee on olllcera' reports tor per-
mission to make their report until such
time u these motions were offered
to me. Now, I find the chair In possession of a motion, an amendment and
an amendment to the amendment. I
submit that Is my position and that I
cannot do otherwise than rule your
request out of order,
Moved by Delegate Heatherton, seconded by Haslett: That tbe two
motions be laid on the table until
the report of the committee on officers'
report be read.
President: I will substitute for the
whole the following, which will put the
matter ln order and I believe express
the wishes of the house: That we proceed to hear the report of the committee on officers' report ln regard to
this matter. Carried.
Report reads as follows:
Committee on Officers' Report
Whereas, this committee recognises
that the provincial government haa, to
large measure, slighted the recommendation made by the executive ot
the B. C. of L. to the Premier.
We, thla committee, recommend that
this convention appoint a committee
to meet thli Labor Commluion by
Moved and seconded thst ths recommendation   ot   tbe   committee    be
Amendment by Delegate SIVKRTB: I months ago, and a whlstla blasa
That a protest be present*! to the men disappeared Uk*
government against Ignoring tk* IM' -' '     -
Moved and second** in amendment:
ihat a speclsl committee M
'appointed according to the recommendation of the blllcen' reports committee, and that demands be presented
"with regret" that tne government did
not see their way clear to appoint a
representative of thla Federation on
the commluion. ,.
' Delegate JORDAN: I think the protest Is Id the wrong plaoe. We should
bave protested at the election last
Delegate PETTIPIECE: There are
Juit one or two points uat I would like
to touch upon this morning, -because
1 happen to know something ot the
record snd personnel of the commission referred to. It might he Just u
well when you appear before this commluion, that you should, In testify.
Ing, know these things.
I feel confident that If I proposed
s vote of lack of confidence In the
McBride government It would b* carried unanimously, and yet If I put
this urns motion in different terms
you would begin to hedge, and we
would flnd Hut wbo ar* tb* Impoi-
: W* mad* ' representations to
MoBrld*'! cabinet and he promised a
royal commluion to "consider the
question."   In taut, before the com-
a. xaoT-raa
alitor ConvsaUu IMMSIIlfl
„ J_*• O- Men-tea of Ubor
Ooavntdoa, rrlntsd U This tssa. ef
Th. 1-MuaUonlst—Ohalnaa of One
SuUals Ooaualtts* at eeavuttoa.
of th.
mission was appointed he promised
definitely that we could expect direct
representation. Well, ln the Roose
veltlan word, be lied. He made a
definite promise and deliberately went
back on it.
I appreciate the position that th*
delegates flnd themselves In. They
don't want, at this time, to go the full
length of voting a want of confidence
ln the McBride government, and this
Is the only means the Federation bas
ot expressing a want of confidence
In the McBride government
Let us review the personnel ot this
royal commission:
One Is Mr, Parson, Brother Parker
Williams can tell you something about
Mr. Paraona' attitude that should make
you think. Mr. Parson was defeated
at last election and thla la a consolation prise handed out to him. During
the six yean of Mr. Parsons' legislative career In the house, he voted without question against every measure
that was Introduced In the interests
of organised labor. He has never
belonged to a union ln his life and
knows no more of economics than a
Then we have a gentleman from
your city, Mr. Jardlne. Mr. Jardlne
belonged to everything he could
belong to, and every party except the
Socialist party. Mr. Jardlne, too; was
deserving of a consolation prise, He
waa Labor and Liberal, and then he
discovered that the plums might best
come from the Conservative government, and over he went, only to meet
defeat at lut election. Another consolation prise needed.
Then we have Mr. MoKelvle, editor of a weekly paper, a Conservative,
and a prospective candidate against
Price Ellison, who had to stand down
and make way for Ellison, and, of
coune, his Conservative paper sup.
ported the government He hss lived
in the Okanagan for many yean and
may know something about growing
fruit trees, but wbat can he know
about the general labor movement?
Mr. Stoney, of the Royal City, I
have no fault to flnd with personally,
but he Is not the nominee of any
labor organization In B. C„ and he
should have refused the reward. He
should have said: "If the Federation
desires me to be appointed, all right'
But ho Is vice-president of the Royal
City Conservative Association, and ts
not that kind of a man.
This Is tbe personnel, gentlemen, ot
the commission that you are to appear
before and lay your needB and requirements before, I want to ask you, as
fair men, la there not a degree of
truth In the remark I inac'e as to the
waste of time In appearing before It?
I don't believe there is a man In thla
room that believes we will accomplish
anything In going before the commission, You are damned if you don't,
and you are damned It you do,
Delegate Norrla protested as to
length of speech. ("Go ahead" from
Delegate Pettlplece: It Is a subjsct
upon which I feel keenly, and I forgot
about the time. I was speaking ot the
position of delegates In the convention.
You can rest assured that the company
say up it Cumberland, will have their
owq men—men who belong to no
unions—who are traitors to us On the
Industrial field, men who will perjure
themselves If necessary to hold their
Jobs, giving evidence u to the glorious
working conditions In the pulp factories, sawmills, and slave plantations
(company properties of the province),
and when this commission comes on
to those slave plantations, they will
see or hear nothing, I was addressing the men at on* Interior camp a few
scared to death when that wU*U*
blew. Can we *xp*et from UrnsTaut
unblued evidence, with tMrbtam*
nlttlngln the front row? ' ^:
In conclusion. In yl*w ot th*M*V
tlons prevailing throughout th* province, aad the peculiar coadltioa* tk*
delegates will flnd ihtatHree)SL™
may seem that tier should ttatlr*p-
mentation to give iworn **dtnek
E" W&Z® *~W3veel
the dual position..; Ws have talma
lb* position that we hav* • cue fit for
any Impartial tribunal, aad may flnd
«* »"!»»W to appur to meet tb*
wishes of th* msmbcrshlp w* ream-
sent. I think, however, we should Mt
forget the real position w* lad ourselves In. (Applause). —-*•■
B»*i*t*rrJr^Ll|Ti |«g j, towr
of_the adoptloa of tk* oommltte*'!
report I hav* listened with considerable patience to the remarks of
Delegate Pettlplece. although. I found
som* considerable difficulty In unravelling some of tha. tangled skein he
'i0™' _£-'tFa'**9> IMae-at* Pettlplece referred to tne fact that Delegate stoney ran on a labor ticket
when he wu a Conservative. Deli
gate Stoney I* a labor man, because
he u a member of a tradea union and
a Conservative, because a member el
the Conservative party. Tbe labor
commluion Is exactly a reflex of thst*'
government and u far as w* are concerned tt Is tbe government because
It has been given-powers by the government to make Investigation*. It
will consider eur report.
It li to our Interest to prov* to tb*
working clan ot th* province that tb*
government li opposed to adopting
our demands and It li for u* to get th*
fullest possible publicity. , Tn* demands will be published and tha pnbll?
will lee to what extent the commission
bas made recommendation! In our favor. And they will also point out
how far the provincial government
protects labor.
Delegate FOSTER: Mr. President I
wish to state that In our interview
with the labor commission this morning, our million wai to see If tbey -
had the power to go direct to Cumberland and Investigate condition! and
make a report We did not go then
for the purpose of submitting a grievance. But we found that the commission had not got tbat power. Tbsy
have to go through the whole province
and Investigate. I may uy that the
Mine Workera of Vancouver Island,
when the commission does appur, will
submit all their grievance!. It will be
better than It we Ignore tbe commission, then the report would go ln from
the unorganized men and that report
will be published and circulated
throughout the entire country, and tbat
Is the result we get for Ignoring the
-■resident:    The previous
has been called lew,    It tk* I
votei In the afflrmatlvn, taga MM.
dtscuulon on this matter
place;   If otherwise, 1
wtll take place.   Th* <
the house ts—shall the main question
be now put?
ihe motion carried,
Preildent:   The motion before the
bouse Is:  That the report of the committee be adopted.
Amendment—That the report of the
committee be adopted, with the addition of "regret.that the government
did not give the Federation direct representation on this commission."
(Amendment lost).
President: Tbe motion II to adopt
the report of the committee. Motion
President: How many would you
like to go on thli committee? -
Moved and seconded—That a committee ot three be elected to appur
before the commission.
Amendment: That a committee ot
five be elected to appear before tbe
royal commission.
President: The question before tbe
house Is: Shall the motion question
he now put? Carried.
Chairman—The queatlon before the
house Is that we proceed with the
election of a committee of three.
The amendment la tbat we proceed
to the election ot a committee of five.
You are now voting on tbe amendment
Amendment carried.
1 am now open for nomination! of
five representatives to appear befon
tho committee from thla body.
The secretary read the Hat:—Delegate King, Building Tradea Counoll,
Victoria; Delegate Watchman, Tradu
•nd Ubor Council, Victoria; Delegate
Ollllgan, Palntera, Victoria; Delegate
Dunn, Electricians, Vancouver; Delegate Johnson, United Mine Workers,
Sandon; Delegate Grant, Trades and
Labor Council, Victoria; Delegate McVety, Machinists Union, Vancouver;
Delegate Foster, United Mine Workera,
Fernle; Delegate Gray, Western Federation of Miners, Fernle.
Delegate NORRIS: I move that no
organization shall be represented by
more than two delegates.
Amendment—That no organization
shall be represented by moro than one.
President: It has been moved and
seconded that no organisation shall be
represented by more than two delegates.
Delegate McVETY: With regard to
the general knowledge of those chosen
to represent, I don't care If all the
representatives come from one organisation, provided they are the most
competent men. I think this motion
bad, because It limits delegates in the
choice of probably the best men.
Delegate Norrls—I hold opposite
views. I take It that no mine worker,
however efficient, could voice the views
and alms and necessities of the building trades, for example.
Delegate WATCHMAN: We realise
that all that Is necessary Is for any
man to come before that commission
and lay the views of tho convention
before them and- demand that they be
enacted Into law. It absolutely does
not matter one way or the other
whether they are all miners, If they
take the Ideas of the convention. It
does not matter to me whether the
man Is a miner or a sky pilot
Amendment carried.
Chairman—No organization will be
represented by more than one member on the committee.
Moved and seconded: That the
highest five names representing five
different tradei shall be th* committee,   Carried.
Johnson, 65;   McVety, 55;  Watchman, 48; Foster, 48; King, 37; Dunn,
35; Grant 30; Grey, 28; Ollllgan, lt,
Elected—Johnson.  McVety, Watch.
man, Foster, King.
Chairman—I declare these delegates
elected to repreient th* convention.
Meeting adjourned to 3 p.m. arnm
pm m
m mm& tMimttMi)%umMM
Predicts Prosperous Year in the Growth of Newport
Mr. J. 11. Kelson, of tile real estate
firm Uy taai name, located in tne
iiogeis ouuumg, wnen aBaeu by a cor-
responuent oi me neuei-auonist wuat
opportunities ln tne line ot real estate
investment were open lor tne members or organized laoor, Bald: "1 believe mat tue largest opportunity De-
lore the laporing man today lies in
the raw land ol British Columbia.
Tne avaiiaoie land rich for agricultural ana townsite purposes in this
province represents a treasure Pox to
which the keyhole has'scarcely been
toucned. A large part of this una Its
title in the government, and another
large part in the names ot private investors. Aiuch has been said about
'Speculator!* wuoi have obtained large
tracts ol land irom the government
and hold tnem at exhorbltant prices,
etc., thus discouraging settlers.' u
this represented the truth, just com'
plaint could be entered, but I doubt
If the so-called 'speculators" side of
the question has ever heen placed be-
tore the public—leastwise 1 have never
seen a vindication, whole or partial,
for him ln any of the daily publications. Perhaps those wno have attempted to nle on government land
could easily give the 'speculator' tbe
benefit of the doubt, but for Uiqse
who have never come ln personal contact with the land department, I will
try to explain the necessity and convenience of the 'speculator.' To begin
with, the term is used to describe an
individual or company who purchases
land from the government, has the
title examined and certified, hu the
land surveyed, and then places lt on
the market. The method of obtain'
ing land from the government direct
la to procure from the land office at
Victoria a plat of British Columbia
showing what lands are available lor
settlement. At the present Ume these
plats are from two to three years ln
arrears, A man or Company purchasing a large tract of land from
the government is careful to select
land that la salable—land that Is either
exceptionally rich in agricultural
value, or well located tor townaltes.
He does not invest his money in an
uncertainty. Next be ia careful to
have the land carefully surveyed; he
must guarantee the title to hli purchasers, and would be personally responsible if the description was in-
"Do you consider yourself a so-
called 'speculator?'" Mr. Nelson was
Laughingly he replied: 'That all
depends on wbat your construction of
a speculator is; perhaps If I relate
my own experience in acquiring title
to government land your question will
be answered. During the summer ot
1900 I wu engaged by the Howe
Sound and Northern Railway Company to survey a line for their proposed railway from Newport to LH-
looet In the spring of 1010 I again
spent considerable- time In the same
lection engaged In engineering work.
The little known and undeveloped
country in which I wai operating Immediately fascinated me; a land full
of every natural resource inductive to
the building of a prosperous city and
noil agricultural section srrounding
was tne subject of my fascination,
uicated on Howe Sound, a magnificent
natural harbor on the Strait ot
ueorgia, protected by Gambler Island,
and in mrect contact with deep* aea
traffic of the world, was the site tor
a commercial ana manufacturing city.
, lie sguamish river, flowing into H«we
sound with its broad "valley of rich
land added the support of farming
sections to the city. The neighboring
mountains showed large deposits ol
copper ore, and indications of other
commercial mineral deposits. Down
the mountain sides tumbling streams
were placed by nature to provide water
power for the city of the future, ln
the surrounding country billions ot
feet of virgin timber assured a thriving lumber Industry. The climate,
mild and endurable the entire year.
What man could fall to see ln such a
combination of the wealth of nature,
the excellent opportunity for the building of a city! I did Just what any
other man, with the financial ability
to do so, would have done—obtained
title from the government and private
Individuals on lands along the route of
the Pacific Great Eastern. Since then
the Pacific Great Eastern Railway
haa surveyed Its right ot way from
Newport to Llllooet and-nine miles of
track have already been laid out of
Newport, It la the intention of the
company to push the line to Fort
George and the Peace Rlcer country,
thus connecting that great wheat belt
with Newport, its water power tor
mills and its harbor for the distribution of mill products over the entire
world, through the medium „ of the
Panama canal. Eventually the road
will stretch through Northern Alberta,
Saskatchewan and Manitoba to Hudson's Bay at Fort Churchill, which has
been selected u the northern summer port for eaatward water shipments to the markets of the old world.
According to authoritative statement,
trains will be In operation between
Newport and Pemberton Meadowa by
the end of 1013. Five thousand men
will be engaged at rushing this steel
trail forward during the next year.
The city la reached at the present
time by boat from Vancouver; there
are several good hotels and restaurants, a general store, poBt office, two
Bchools and-a number of cozy cottages. An excellent wharf projects
into Howe Sound. Across the harbor
is the Mill Creek Pulp Mill, employing between three and four hundred
men. In the valley Ib the well-known,
hop ranch belonging to Dr. Bell-Irving.
The doctor has demonstrated beyond
a question of doubt that the valley
soil will produce almost anything.
So, when you ask me what opportunities are open to the members of organized labor, I can conscientiously
point to Newport and say, 'There is
the starting of a great city where large
Industries will locate and furnish employment to workingmen; there is
the city where you may establish a
home and, while employed, realize a
material Increase In the value of your
home as the city strides trom Its present size to a seafaring and manufacturing town of entry the world over.'"
COMPANY, LTD.," Is incorporated
under the laws of BrltlBh Columbia
wltb a capital of 3100,000, divided Into
80,000 shares of 16.00 each, fully paid
and non-assesBable. They own 10*4
acres of land ln South Vancouver,
estimated to carry one million cubic
yards of sand. The demand for good
building sand ln Vancouver Is considerably ln excess of the' supply, con-
lequently contractors are forced to
use an Inferior article, or pump Band,
owing to the Impossibility of obtaining pure bank sand in sufficient quantities.
Tbe possibilities for the use of sand
ln the future are very promising, u
uveral of the large contractor! are
now using crushed rock Instead -of.
gravel. One company, with whom we
have. contract to furnish sand, hu
already Installed rock crushers at
Burrard Inlet and are equipped to
furnish crushed rock ln any quan-
tltlu. Another company at Howe
Bound are now Installing machinery,
and will be ln place to supply the
spring demand.
The company'! pit li about five
mllei from the centre of Vancouver,
and u the land, require! no preliminary treatment, lt can be loaded on
the can ln the pit and be ln use in
Vancouver the ume day. Not only
hu the company the advantage of
transportation by rail, but bolng In
close proximity to the Fraser River,
lt has an alternative means of handling sand in large quantities at a much
reduced rate. The estimated oost ot
landing the sand into Vancouver, per
yard, Ib sb follows:—
Primary   cost,   equipment   and
supply  20
Freight  „ 26
Digging and loading on cars 10
Allowance for other expenses ......  ,06
Total 60
If shipped by water the freight Item
would, of course, be less. The company estimate tbat 126,000 wtll supply
the requisite working capital, and an
equipment that will handle a steady
output of 600 yards of sand a day,
and to raise this amount have placed
on the market 6,000 iharei at 16.00
per share. The minimum subscription
is 1,000 shares, payable 10% on application, and 10% ln monthly Installments. There are no promotion profit! nor underwriting commluion to
be paid. The sum ot 11,600 haa already been expended in developing
the property, and the company Is now
In a position to fill Its large contracts
and to take on others. Application
for shares should be made to the
Secretary, T. Pearae, Esq., 16 Williams
Bldg, Granville St, Vancouver, B. C.
For a good sound Investment tbat
will pay large dividends, "THE
NEARBY SAND & GRAVEL COMPANY, LTD," standi without a peer.
In reviewing the progress made by
Vancouver In the way of new buildings, it would be entirely out of place
to neglect mentioning some of those
factors which make lt possible to furnish these buildings with fixtures
made In Vancouver. J. D. Robb haa
made the business ot manufacturing
bank, office and hotel fixtures one that
Is a credit to the city. His factory Ib
located at 291 Dufferln street     Mr.
Robb Imports and also manufactures
plate glass and mirrors. The one
thing we people' of Vancouvor must
bear in mind continually Is tbat where
we can patronize home Industry we
are helping materially in bringing our
city to the recognition of the world as
an enterprising business centre and
as a city where co-operation between
consumers and producers makes business profitable to all.
J. A. Burton
W. S. Burton
SECOND DAY—Afternoon Sudan.
Tuesday, January 14,1913.
Convention called to order by the
president at 2 p.m.
-Secretary called the roll.
On request of Delegate Slverti,
MeBsrs. Parker Williams and Place
were called to address the Convention
There are occasions when I would
like very much the opportunity to talk,
but any Ume 1 am looking for auch an
opportunity is because 1 feel I know
more than the audience; but, as a matter of fact, I know ln thie case only
too well that the majority or the whole
of this audience know more about the
things that directly concern you .as
labor men.
I am not going to wute any of your
good time boasting about prosperity
and so on. I am not going to bother
you about our great railway develop*
ment, because for tor every one man
employed there are two idle. Two
microbes seem to crawl along with the
development of railways; If railway
construction brings wealth, the ml.
crobe of poverty crawls in as well.
Now, with reference to maintaining
this as a "white man's province," I
tell you- that the provincial government makes « great deal of noise
along that line,.but there Is not much
done along that way. We have a num.
ber of resolutions passed ln this province, but I want to'say these resolutions have all been directed at the
Ottawa government, which, by the
way, haB little different complexion
from our own. Now, when disease
strikes'you, the first thing you do li to
try and limit Its spread. It we are so
determined on a "white British Columbia," we have tbe power to do such
a thing. In the lut ten yeara there
have been provisions made for some
one thousand miles of railway. We,
aorOBB the bay, Instead of hampering,
have made considerably more room for
Mongolians. Along,every track you
flnd the Mongolian. In the lut ten
years many franchises have, been
granted for tbe development of water
power. How many million acres of
land have been alienated I could not
say, and on every acre of that the employment of Mongolians could be prohibited by acts of parliament. Absolutely nothing have we done, short ot
Just making that kind of a noise. If
you took a mlscroscope as large aB a
Merry Widow hat, you would be unable to find anything that has been
There is Just one piece of legislation
that may be said to be newly originated within the last ten years, and that
will be the provincial university. That
wtll be very interesting to you men,
There are about 46,000 children who
go to the public schools, about 3,000
go put the public schools to the high
school, about 180 go through the high
school Into college, and less than oil
go from the college to the university.
How many children have you to train
up? I have seven, and you all look u
old as I do. For the children who go
lo tbe public schools 81,000,000 Is paid,
and for the 60 who will go to the university they are assisted to the value
of two and a half millions, and we
are not sure that that is all by any
means. It will turn out a firat clus
engineer If you like, but who will get
the benefit ot lt? Will he he engaged
by the B. C. Federation of Labor? If
the university turns out a doctor, will
he be willing to go up to Saanlch? He
will be more willing to devote himself to the curing of those who have
had the means wherewith to enjoy
themselves, Instead of mending you
who are broken.
There Ib a strike on now in Vancouver Island among the ceal mlnen.
1 want to tell you this, that the coal
miners of B. C. have for the lut ten
years endeavored to settle their difficulties not by strikes, but by political
action. If you take the lut ten yeara
in Fernle, Cumberland, Ladysmlth and
Nanaimo, the coal camps of B. C, that
Is where you flnd the determined effort. The miner of Cumberland hu
been swamped by the outside vote.
Fortunately, Ladysmlth and Nanalmo
have not much of an outside vote,- so
that they are not swamped. We u
coal miners on the Island have been
compelled to fall back on tbe old
methods of a strike.
British Columbia Is dominated today,
by a certain financial group, and If I
were to tell you who that financial
group wu, you would scarcely believe
It B. C. la In the banda of a group
that Is more greedy than a horse leech
and more hungry than the devil, It
may be a matter of some Interest to
you to know that the Norton-Grlffithi
company own nearly a thousand miles
of railway; they own tbe Dunsmuir
collieries, and many other concerns.
I have been out of the coal miners'
union tor six or seven years, but I
believe the records wtll show that the
most nenlstent fighters will be tound
among the coal miners. If this financial group can smuh tbe miners of
Vancouver Island, what will come
next? Do you think that when they
have smashed the coal miners of Vancouver Island that they will let you
rest ln peace? They have challenged
the most vigorous fighters ln the labor
movement to a fight and If the miners
can be defeated, depend upon It you
will Just come down like pins. I Just
point tbls out to you because It Is
Imperative to your own Interests that
you take any action you flnd possible
to strengthen the bands of the coal
miners, not for their saxes so much,
but because you will rasp part of the
crop that will accrue. At the Labor
Commission the delegation had a little
Interview with them this morning, but
unfortunately the chairman Informed
us that they had to bring In their report to the government when their
findings were complete. That Com-
mlslon is not tied down to any say-so
of the chairman. I will undertake to
secure corroboration from the premier
Inside a week that the Commission
can report once every ten minutes If
It wants to. If those two men on the
Commission who are repotted to be in
favor of going to Cumberland have any
regard for their own standing at all,
It Is about time they rebelled and
withdrew from the Commission If the
Commission refuses to take on the
difficulty that ts outstanding on the
Island at the present time. (Applause.)
I wu up ln Cumberland a few days
ago, and a communication from the
B. O, Stationary Engineers' Association was brought tn from the hud-
quarters of the association in Vancouver to this effect:
"You men of tbe Engineers' Association hav* no part ln thli
struggle; you are not ln any strike.
UnlesB you go back to work your
association will place other men lh
your places."
Working men of British Columbia, If
you want your Federation to be anything,  smash  *v*ry organisation of
that tort (Notel—The Federation
doea not raoognlxe the Bl C. Association of Stationary Engineers u a bona-
fide labor organization.) Build your
organization aa a weapon that shall
be used to back every industrial
struggle, and wherever a strike Is
called, make lt u big u possible, because the more they spread the more
likelihood there Is of their being able
to be brought to a conclusion. You
stand like men defending a wall; If an
attack Is made where tbat group Is,
and you do not go to the aid of them,
then depend upon lt the wall wtll be
captured by the enemy. Join in wherever a flght Ib called.   (Applause.)
The Chairman called upon Mr. Place
to address the Convention.
Ma PLACE, M.P.: Mr Chairman
and fellow-workers. It seems to me
that the workers all over the civilized
world are facing the same difficulties.
Since the. last Convention there has
been an election. What wu the result? We find that 40-conservatives
were elected, yet the majority of the
Voters are workers. We flnd here representatives of almost every craft,
but the one basis upon which you men
are lined up ln the true Interests of
the workers Is not on any craft basis,
but on the basis ot class—on the one
hand the working class and oh the
other the capitalist. 1 belong to the
United Mine Workers. We have to
get down to business and see that tho
work is the work of ourselves, and not
of any other class. I have no doubt
you men have certain resolutions to
pass in regard to the provincial house
here. Provided they are all passed,
what Ib the position of the -worker?
The only remedy you have Is the capturing of the machinery of production
and distribution; there is no other
remedy tbat I can see tor it You
men probably cannot see eye to eye
with the socialists on this question,
but I am satisfied that you will realize
this when you men have sized up the
past action of the capitalist class- In
regard to legislation relating to the
coal mines regulation act. ThlB strike
hu occurred simply because the regu.
latlon act haa not been enforced. Ia
It not up to you to get In and do this
work for yourselves, and not only organize but take up the political end
of the question?   (Applause.)
On behalf of the Convention, the
President thanked both the last speakers for their addresses, and stated that
the representatives ot the mine workers at Cumberland would now state
their caae, and called on Delegate
Foster (President Diet. 28 U. M. W.
of A.)
MR. FOSTER: Mr. President and
brother delegates. I might say ln
starting out that I will endeavor to the
best of my ability to give you a clear
understanding of the situation of the
United Mine Workers' Organization of
Vancouver Island, and the policy that
hu been persued by the management
of the mines towards our organization
and the various little grievances we
have had to put up with. It Is practically two years ago since we organised. There was an organization
started previous to tbls In Ladysmlth
and Nanalmo,' I am not going to refer
to that organization, as I wu not a
member previous to the organization
of the Mine Workera.
I waa working ln the mines ln Cumberland some two years ago, and the
general manager brought up a proposition to the mine worken, called a
mus meeting, and said to the men
that owing to the fact of there being
a great demand for coal, instead of
laying off on the day of a funeral ot
one of the men, they would grant 6100
or |200 towards the heirs of the deceased. During the meeting two or
three of the men discussed the situation, and came to the conclusion that
it was time we were getting some
kind oi an organisation. The proposition was then broached to some of the
men that we would try and get representatives of the Mine Worken to
oome to Vancouver Island. I wu in
communcation wltb Organiser McCus-
key at that time, and had made arrangements for a meeting. However,
this other organization that was started on the Island came up there, but
the men of Cumberland did not seem
disposed to get Into that organization
at that time. The organizer did not
come up at that time, and we continued on as we were, working with no
organization until November ln 1911.
Through the efforts ot this other organization the, United Mine Workers
came to the Island and organised the
mine workers,1 and I think about 200
put their names down. There were no
demand! made by the men on Vancouver Ililand; we made no demands
ot the company at that time. We
started In to build up our organization the best way we could. Of
course we ran across various little
grievancos. The management did not
Interfere with the building up ot the
organization at the time.
The flrst grievance wu a violation
of the law. One of tbe pit bosses had
demanded of our men that they work
a double shift. It has been a practice
there of getting the driven to work
16 hours a day, notwithstanding the
tact that tbere wu an eight-hour law
on the statutes and the amending act
of B. C. One young fellow who waa
uked to go back wu an Interpreter,
there being quite a number of Italians
there, and was a member of our organization. He refused to work, it
was a surprise to the management.
The men bad been used to working
double shifts, and they only got 12.86
a day, the same u they are getting today. We did hot take up the grievance with the District or with the* International at that time; we decided
that our organization wu too small
then to engage In any Industrial
struggle. We told the pit boss we
were going to quit if this man did not
come back to work. He uked If this
was the authority from the Mine
Workers, and we said "Yes," but did
not Intend to take it up as a District
dispute, but Just u coming from the
drivers of Cumberland. This man was
ordered back to work; the pit boss
referred lt to the driver boss. That
case was settled, and the man went
back to work, and after that the eight-
hour law wu more rigidly enforced.
We complained to tbe Inspector of
mines, Mr. Newton, of these violations that were continually being made
by the company. We had some 26
violations ln two weeks'work. However, we continued in building up tbe
organisation. There were about 60 of
the miners, our men, on Vancouver
Island that had been sacrificed. We
dl. not attempt to have any trouble
with them until we thought we were
ln a position where we would win. We
never enter Into a flght unless we have
a possible chance of winning.'
Up to the present time about 60 of
our men have been victimised. You
men understand that the law of this
provinoe provides that the men must
elect a gas committee, who musC examine the mines once a month and
make a report. There Is so much deducted from the mlnen, and tbey are
compelled to pay thli gu committee,
We would call for the gas committee
to make their reports to the unions and
were getting reports from ths various
gas committees of more dangerous
positions,* They would mak* their ex.
animation and report Just exactly as
they found the conditions. We were
not In a position to compel the company to remedy the conditions. We
did hot attempt to compel them, but
kept the data, and would have it to
prove against the company when the
trouble came. The reports from Ladysmlth were tbat there were large quantities of gas tound. The inspector
visited, and reported back to the local
union that those places would be attended to as Boon as possible. Now,
one of the men who had acted on the
gas committee bad finished hU place:
and u a,general rule when a miner
finishes one place he is in he geta his
turn, but this was not the cue with
this man. He wu kept going up con
tlnually for some eight or ten days,
day after day, notwithstanding the fact
that other men came ln, and got work.
This man was moved up to Cumberland, and got a position there with a
contractor In the mines. He worked
for three days for this contractor, and
then the contractor was Informed by
the superintendent of that particular
mine that he had to dispense With his
services. The man asked Just what
the reasons were, but was told there
were no reasons—that they could not
pay 83.60 a day.
The United Mine Workers are opposed to men taking a contract but
these conditions exist In the mines ln
Cumberland, and tbe contractor has
the privilege of hiring and firing his
own men. The man that was fired
went to see the superintendent of that
mine, and asked him why he had ordered the contractor to fire him.. He
told him he did not tell the contractor
to fire him; he had better see the pit
boss. The pit boss sent him to the
driver boss, who told htm that he had
three Jobs, but that he had orders
trom the superintendent not to hire
him. The case was brought up in our
local unton, and I suggested that
rather than the organization ahould
engage In Industrial struggle at that
time that we would send a committee
from the mus meeting, and ask the
management to deal with that committee. The committee went down,
and the management said they would
have nothing to do with them, but
would deal with the man Individually.
The man went down and reported Individually. The told him they did not
want him. tn their employ, and that
they did not have to give a reason.
The other man waa one of the members of our organization that had got
employment from the contractor, and
he was to start to work on Monday
morning, and he wai also told that
tbey could not hire him. The only excuse the management offered him wu
tbat they.did not have to have him in
-their employment at all.
Now Just take this into consideration. The men on the gu committee
have to make a true report, for the
provincial government makes a law
that they will have to be put ln gaol If
they do otherwise. On the other hand,
when they do make a true report they
are victimized and fired from their employment, Now, ln taking up this
question with the local, we did not
think ol taking up a long struggle, but
Just a sort of protest, and on Monday
morning we sent a committee down to
the office to Bee the .general manager.
As soon as we knocked at the door and
he saw who it was, he slammed the
door in our face. Next day notices
were put around the mines that all
employees were to take up their tools,
and would be paid off as soon as the
company could possibly do It. That
left us up against what he call a
"lock-out." Two days after those notices were posted, we called upon the
miners lh Ladysmlth to come out, and
tbey responded to the call, and were
up against a similar lock-out.
In regard to having a board under
tbe Industrial Disputes Act, about four
months previous to this struggle 1 had
an interview with the Hon. Mr. T. W.
Crowthers, the minister of labor at Ottawa, and he Informed me that at any
time he could be would be only too
willing to act. He also made the
statement that 83 was not a living
wage for any man in British Columbia.
On the strength of his statements I
wired to Mr. Crowthers, and explained
the situation we were up against ln
Cumberland, and the facts leading up
to the same, and the only answer I
ever received from him was a letter
that the telegram had been received
and would be replied to later. I have
never received anything further. We
came down to Victoria here, and had
an Interview with Premier McBride.
The only question we uked the
premier wu as to what protection his
government would make to the men,
and he referred us to four clauses of
the coal mines regulation act Just
take up that coal mining act and read
those four clauses, and see if you can
find anything referring to the gu committees. I have studied it very carefully, and I cannot flnd anything at all
relating to the question we asked, and
It haB never been answered. In my
opinion If we could have kept the
government from interfering, every
man ln Cumberland would have been
back to work and our organization
would have been recognized.
In tbe flrat month the men were
locked out we had every one of the
Asiatics standing with the other men,
and not one of them could be induced
to go back to work. In regard to
Asiatic labor, the premier told us tbat
there Is contentment and prosperity,
and that he Is looking for a "white
British Columbia." Of these Chinese
and Japanese at Cumberland, there
were some 136 holding certificates as
coal miners, and since this struggle
came on certificates for competency
have been given by Chief Inspector
Graham, one of the general superintendents, and a number of foremen,
and one of the fire bosses of Ladysmlth, to Chinese, and not one of tbe
men who granted the certificates
could speak Chinese. It ts stipulated that a man must be convenant
with the English language or to understand ln his own language, and I am
sure there was no Interpreter there,
and the Chinese were granted their
certificates, and they were working
down in the most dangerous positions
with the other men. And they want
our men to go down there and work
with those men, who we know are not
competent to hold these certificates.
Now, u far as contentment and
prosperity are concerned In the province ot British Columbia, I may Bay
that while the government Is aiding
and abetting and doing all ln their
power for a company, for whom since
this trouble began there has been an
Increase of 100 per cent. Asiatics, and
they are doing their best to keep up
this Influx, there are hundred! of
women and children who will have to
suffer, and that Is what Sir Richard Is
doing for a "white British Columbia."
Now, as regards the strike situation
at the present time, we have done
everything we could possibly do. I do
not know how-long our struggle will
continue. As far u the people are
ooncerned the International organisation Is helping them, and they are receiving help from outside, but what
the result will be I am hot In a position
to uy. I would like to hear this'Convention voice-their sentiments before
we leave, and state whether they
think there could be any pressure or
power brought to bear by tbia Convention that would help us to meet the
management of these mines, and have
a conference with them. I am quite
sure that If the executive here would
have a conference with these men, and
they would come to reason at all, we
would possibly, have a satisfactory
settlement of this struggle." They
have their black list ln the mines, and
any man who hu taken an Influential
part In this struggle would be victimized. They are completely organized,
but they wish to withhold that right
from us—the right to protect our
With reference to the provincial
police sent up there, the first caae wu
when Chief Constable Stevenson
passed a certain man on the sidewalk,
which Is about four feet wide; hi
claimed that he was blocking up the
sidewalk. Thla was the first cue the
police brought up, and they quashed
It on their own evidence without us
submitting any evidence at all. They
brought 160 extra police into Cumberland. Chief Stevenson told me that
he had received a letter from hla son
that there were 600 men demanding
the protection of the provincial government, as they wanted to return to
work, and that was the reason he had
sent to McBride, and scoured the sending or those extra police ln there? It
seemed very feasible that li there were
buo men wanting to go to work and
demanding protection that they would
be Justified in sending in those extra
police. For two weeks after that they
could only get 96 to work at all the
mines In Cumberland, counting their
own dfllcialB, and they could not even
get the Asiatics to work. And bo far
since the.police have Just been trying
to hold their position, having to try
and show the government that they
are needed up there. Our men have
been Insulted time after time. This
government le paying out thousands of
dollars to keep these men, although
there is no disorder up there. / That
Is what we are protesting against.
There are hundreds of Asiatics who
do not want to work, but It Is the fear
of the police that haa made them go to
work.. The way they have treated the
people since the first of this strike is
like this: They have Issued notices
that all the people living In company's
houses should quit within.the month;
they did not quit, and eviction notices
were Issued. We have some 66 families that we have had to move out of
the house!; some have been thrown
out and others we have taken the
precaution to take out when we knew
the eviction papers were up. We have
a building built by the International
organisation which holds about 26 of
our families, and we are well provided
with places for the people to live In.
The organization I represent does
not intend to continue in a flght If
there la no chance of winning. 1 believe there Is a good chance of winning
If we could get the public Interested
In this, and get these people to meet.
It seems tbat these men, with all their
officials and solicitors, are afraid to
meet a few of the men who wish to
state their grievances. It does not
seem reasonable that this company
should be allowed to dominate the
whole of the people. What does this
mean to the people ot British Columbia, not only to the coal mlnen, but
to the others? If they are successful
In getting the organization out, It
means that the' men In District 18 will
have to compete with the men driven
out from their homes. There are In
Alberta some 40 different coal mines
ln operation that are not organized,
and If they eliminate the organisation
on Vanoouver Island this will be another big coal Held to compete against
organized labor In our glorloua white
B. C. Development work on this Island
will make It one-of tbe largest coal
producing localities In this western
country in the near future. (Applause.)
The President called Mr. Frank Far
rlngton, International Organiser oi the
United Mine Workers of America, to
address the Convention.       )
• MR. FARRINGTON: Mr Chairman
and fellow-workers. In beginning my
remarks this afternoon I want to again
emphasize wbat I told you yesterday,
that i certainly appreciate having been
given the opportunity to address you
men who represent organized labor
throughout the province of BrltlBh Columbia. 1 am not going to ask your
indulgence while i go into a general
discussion of the philosophy of trades
unionism. 1 will, however, ask your
attention, and I will try and not Impose
upon the same while 1 give you a brief
recount or the organization of the
United Mine Workera ef America, and
some of the obstacles that have lain in
the way of the success of that organization, and a recital of the experience
of the United Mine Workera organization will be a reflex of the experiences
of every other trades organization
throughout the United States, If not
throughout the world.
Perhaps the most powerful and effective organization of mine worken that
existed upon the American continent
previous to 1873 was the mlnen' or
ganlzatlon In the anthracite coal fields
of Pennsylvania, the organisation
created and. led by that maaterly leader ot men—Mr. John Stney, whose
name Is now a household word ln the
homes of the mine workere of the
United States, notwithstanding the
fact that he haB been dead many years.
Notwithstanding the advice from their
leaders to the contrary, the radical element ln that organisation gained control, took things into their own hands,
and precipitated a strike, which resulted in disaster for them, and In the
dissolution of their organisation; and
up to 1912, nearly 40 years after the
dissolution of the most perfect miners'
organization on the American continent at that time,' we have only now
been able to repair the Injury done by
the radicals who had control of the organization at that time. It is true that
since that time we have maintained
a remnant of an organization, and that
some men have been loyal to their
union, but the men who held this Intelligent position Were ln a hopeless
minority ln tfio anthracite coal fields;
and they were not able to organize
anything more than a sparse organisation until 1912, when through tbe efforts of the officers of the United Mine
Workere of America wie were able to
wrest from the owners In that region
a greater measure ot the things the
workers were entitled to, and a greater measure of consideration from tbe
men who own the mines, And u a
result of that agreement unsatisfactory as It may be, it was so inviting to
the.men employed In the mlnu there
that today practically every man
working In.and around thou mines
hss of his own Initiative become a
member of our organization. (Applause,)
After the dissolution of the Miners'
Union in the anthracite region, In the
bituminous coal field! of tbe United
Statu there existed three or four In
effective organisations. You, gentlemen, can readily understand that with
the existence of so many organisations
ln one craft the.organizations would
be at a disadvantage; or, ln other
words, men who ahould be solidly organized, utilising their solid influence
(or the purpose of bettering their conditions, were divided ln four pacta
amongst themselves. The cons*-'
quence waa that their power and Influence was lost. If their organisation
was going to be of any value to them,
lt must be a united organisation, and
as a result of the efforts of these men
who were pioneers ln the miners'
movement in 1889, the representatives
of these divided organisations met in
the city of Columbus, Ohio, and created
what Is now known as "Tbe United
Mine Workers ot America." (Applause.; Stop and consider this, understanding that the representatives
at the Columbus meeting represented
every organized mine worker there
wu on the American continent at that
time, the men represented at Columbus was less than 11,000, Just about
the number of men that you men represent, yet In spite of tbat, after 23
years of patient and persistent effort,
we have enrolled upon the member
ship books of our organization to-day,
more than 376,000 memben (applause). This vast army of coal min-
ers have not been united ln our or
ganlzatlon because we have assembled In our halls and adopted resolutions advocating thlB or condemning that, but have been persuaded by
the advocacy of men who convinced
them that ln the folds ot their or
ganlzatlon lay the only protection
from the exploiters and those who
own and control the mines throughout
the United States.
I want to any to you that In every
district where our organization has
been established there lie burled the
mortal remains of men who have had
Ihe courage to Btand up and espouse
the cause of labor. Year after year for
almost a quarter of a century, the
United Mine Workers have sent forth
men for the purpose of encouraging
men to become members, and ln spite
of the faot that since the organization
of tbe United Mine Workers we have
as sn International Union expended
more than 616,000,000 for the purpose
of bringing within our folds every man
employed In and around the mines In
America, there are atlll 600,000 who
are not members of our organization,
and notwithstanding this fact there
are men who declare that the mine
workers' organization is an Ineffective power, that It cannot bring to die
workera the things they aro untitled'
My friends, I agree that a declaration like that Is true, It the United
Mine Workers have at tbls time
served their usefulness, but they have
net. The United Mine Workers'
Union is today the most sanely progressive organization of workmen on
tbe American continent, but I declare
to you that great aB Its power Is, the
United Mine Workers' Union Is only
yet ln Its Infancy, and will never be
able to demonstrate Its power until
such time u those 600,000 men. who
are not yet members of our organization become members thereof. I have
no patience with the men who Idly
declare that he doea not believe In
stultifying himself by pleading with
this agency or that agency for some
little consideration. I say to you that
that haa been the history of the or
ganlzed labor movement everywhere,
men who have accepted the position
of leaders ot then- fellowmen have always had to, and always will have to
do that as long aB this system exists.
They have to do things which they as
Individuals would not do but In the
interests of the men whom they represent—In order that our plans may
be eventually carried Into operation-
It Ib necessary for ub on many occasions to do things which we would
not do as Individuals. I believe I
know something about the struggles
of the men of labor and I believe that
I can safely declare to you men now,
that the B. c Federation of Labor
will not at this meeting or'at future
meetings for many, many years to
come, remove all of the Impositions
that are now manifest and Imposed
upon the workers of British Columbia.
It will only be by patience and per
slstent effort by evolution If you
will, that you will be able to remedy
the things you have to endure.
In order that you may understand
In a sense the tremendous magnitude
of my organization, I want to say to
you that lt Is composed ot 26 districts. Those district! Include three
In the Dominion of Canada and 23
other districts embracing every coal
producing .state throughout the United
States. In some of theee districts we
have been able to'make greater progress than we have ln others. That
has been because of the fact that ln
some districts we are more perfectly
organized than ln some of the other
''Istrlcts, and only goes to demonstrate
that lt Ib through the efficiency of
your organization that you must free
yourselves of some of the things you
are now compelled to endure. For Instance, ln my own district, Illinois (and
I believe I can Bay truthfully, and
without fear of being accused of boasting, that Illinois Ib the most solidly
and effectively organized district ln
the Jurisdiction of the United Mine
Workers), through the Instrumentality,
of our movement there we have been
able to have enacted and incorporated
into the statute hooks of Illinois much
remedial legislation, end ln addition
have prevented the enactment of
much legislation that would prove Inimical to organized labor If It were allowed to become law ln that state. We
have Increased the wages 100 per cent,
we have reduced our hours trom 14
and 16 to 8 hours, and there Is not a
single upect of mining conditions In
Illinois that has not been benefited by
the Illinois miners* organization.
On tha other hand let me take you
down to the states of Kentucky, Tennessee and West Virginia, and I will
cite you there, the most deplorable
conditions It Is possible for human
being! to labor under and exist, For
Instance, ln civilized America, In tbe
twentieth century, a century noted for
Its advancement and enlightenment,
men are even today, at this very minute while you men are assembled In
this hall, laboring under conditions
that no civilized human being should
labor Under. But, my friends, that ts
not the fault of the United Mine Workers' organisation, but it li the fault of
those Individual! who are enduring
those condition!. Our organization
hu done everything that can be done
under the circumstances In order to
Improve them. What are the obstacles In the way of our success? You
have heard, and I know the statements
are true, certain reflections cut upon
your present provincial government
since you have assembled here. I
want to say to you, gentlemen, that
these reflections, true as they may be,
are no worse than what Is practised
In the United States. In West Virginia men are practically chattel
slavu. They have established In West
Virginia today a guard system, which
li the moit brutal system tbat hu
ever been used to prevent the organ- 'ta^
■ iVti*7ii*sifij
TMrd Annual Convention
B. C. Federation of Labor
liatlon of. workera.. No represents
tive of our organization, no union man
can Invade certain sections of West
Virginia'today without danger of being brutally assaulted, It not murdered.
These men ride up and down all tbe
train* that traverse the coal fields ol
.•eat Virginia. It a man bears any
ot the marks of being a union man or
a representative ot organized, labor,
there and then'his baggage Ib searched
and his person is searched, and If there
is found therein or thereon anything
to ahow that he la connected ln any
way with organized labor, he is hauled
off that train'and brutally assaulted
and left by the roadside to die. These
things are not secret,
The working conditions of the mine
workera In West Virginia are almost
unspeakable. Would you believe me
If I were to tell you that there are men
ln West Virginia who have spent all
their lives from youth to late man-
hood-in the mines of that state, and
yet do not know what lt Is to handle
a piece of actual money?. Every dollar Is taken from them by some hook
or crook by the companies ln that
state, doctors' bills, house rent or
some other scheme, no matter how In-
uustrlouBly he hu worked he haB
nothing coming to him, and lt is mighty
lucky for him If he is not Indebted to
the company. If a man, through his
diligence may have been able to accumulate enough to build a little shack
which he can call hla own, and he
moves his family in, for that .little
shack, every pay day, year In, year out,
'the company that employs him deducts
from bim the amount he would have
to pay If he was in a company house.
These are only some of the things
that lie in the way ot the success ol
the organized labor movement.
Down in Alabama our organization
bad a strike; during the process oi
that strike we had Involved ln it every
man and hoy, some 20,000 strong. The
strike waa ln the process of successful operation, there wu not any doubt
but what success would crown the
•forts of the United Mine Workers ot
that' district. What was done? Just
the same thing that haB been done In
British Columbia. The political powers ln the siaie ot Alabama were Invoiced by the mine owuers In that district, in oider to deieat the honest
aims of honttt men. ln Alabama they
have what they calLa "Vagrancy Law."
If an; white man or nigger is found
roaming around he can be arrested. It
he cannot give a. reasonable excuse
why he Is not at wor. or u he cannot
show that he has visible means of support without working he can be arrested by any citlsen and sold or contracted out to the man who bids the
highest-amount for his services, ln
the city of Birmingham, one of the
largest and most reputable cities there
' Is ln the south, the International officers of the United Mine Workers
were told by reputable business men
ln the city of Birmingham that if they
did not call the strike-off in Alabama
that a committee ot citizens would
lynch them. ThlB did not scare our
otflcera; they still continued there.
Men were thrown from their homes,
battered from pillar to post, brutally
assaulted, many of them maimed and
murdered, but still they continued the
strike.- Our organization furnished
ten's for the shelter of the wives and
children. What happened? The military powen of Alabama cut down the
tents, The men still Insisted that they
would carry on this fight against the
mine owners In Alabama; the Governor ot Alabama was called in conference by the mine owners, and a day
or two afterwards notice was served
on the representatives ot the United
Mine Workers' organization by tbe
Governor that If tbey did not declare
the strike off he would utilize the powers vested in him and call In special
session the legislature ot Alabama,
and they would amend the Vagrancy
Act and make lt applicable to men on
strike and use the military powers ol
the state to drive the men back to the
mines. I do not believe even the worst
imposed upon workmen can complain
of conditions any worse tban that. Bitter as has been your struggle for Jus-
tlce, I do not believe that you have
met with any more strenuous or unscrupulous opposition than have the
men who are now members of the
United Mine Workers' Union. I have
seen men tn Alabama chained to logs
and left there for the gnats and fleas
and all the vermin to feast upon their
bodies ln order that their spirits would
be broken, and that they would return
to the mines under the conditions imposed upon, them.
What is true of Alabama Is no less
true of other coal-producing States
throughout the United States. In Col-
. orado we have a strike which haa been
on since two years last April. That
strike Is being financed by the United
Mine Workers. In spite ot everything
the United Mine Workers have been
able to do, we have not as yet been
able to convince the men employed ln
the mines of Colorado that their only
hope otfuccess, that their only hope
for protection Ilea in their Joining the
United Mine Workers. If the organisation or organised labor waa a plastic
mass that could be moulded to a shape
that would be suitable to the members
of that organization lt would be well
for us at times to stand on our dignity
and declare that we were not going to
submit to certain Indignities, that we
would not do this and that. But let mo
tell you, my friends, despite argument
to the contrary, lt the B. C. Federation
ot Labor makes any material progress
In this' province, you men who. are
charged with the responsibility ot directing the affairs ot tbe organized
working men of this.province will do
many, many things, that you would not
under any circumstances do as Individuals. If you do not have to do that,
then.I say you will escape many experiences that the leaders ot labor
elsewhere have not been able to escape.
.Now, my friends, contrary to the belief existent ln the minds of many
men, I want to say to you, and I say
lt without any desire to cast disparagement on any man, that the United
Mine Workers' Union Is not a Socialistic organization. I am not going to
declare that If they were they would
be more progressive as an organization, nor am I going to argue that became tbey are not a Socialistic organisation they have not msde as great a
progress as they would have made, but
I am going to say thla, that regardless
of the merits of Socialism, regardless
of the fact that there Ib embraced In
an organization many members who
hold Socialistic views—many men who
believe the Socialistic philosophy Is
the only solution for our present day
aliment—there are many, many tnous*
■and! ot men who are not yet con-
' vlnoed that Socialism Ib the actual solution for their troubles; but while
there are many men who are Socialists
In our movement, the policy of our
movement bis been moulded In luch
a way as to encourage men to* join ths
association rather than to drlvi them
from lt. For the United Mine Workers to come out and openly pledge tbelr
organization to Socialism would be one
of the moat disastrous things that the
members of that organisation could do.
(Voice: Question,) Regardless of how
thoroughly We may be convinced that
certain things are the thing! for ui to
do, we must.not lose sight of the fact
that there are on the other hand thoui-.
anda and thousands of men who are
Just u surely set tn their convictions,
and who are Just as bitterly opposed
to our convictions as lt ts possible tor
men to be opposed, and lt Is because
of the prevalency of this feeling that
the United Mine Worken bave had to
adopt conservative policies ln order to
hold our organization' Intact, If we
were to force upon a man radical views
or radical policies with which he did
not agree, the ultimate result would
be there would soon be a division in
our ranks, and that is the moit disastrous thing that could happen, I
have to curb my convictions In order
that they may be conformed In auch a
way as to be acceptable to tbe major
ity of the memben of my organization.
I want to say to you men that tbere
ia not a man Who li more bitter ln his
opposition to the employing class thsn
I am myself, (Applause). I say there
Is not a man present ln this meeting
|goday who has greater cause for that
feeling. I heard the political sophistry
as dispensed to you ln this meeting
yesterday morning until I was surfeited with It, because I know It came
from the mouth and not from the
heart.   (Applause.)
My friends, our organization tn Illinois, as I have told you, has made
greater progress than hu any other
district organization under the Jurisdiction of the United Mine Workeis,
but that progress hot not been made
because of any generosity on the part
of the Illinois mine owners; It has not
been made beoause the Illinois mine
owner has a greater regard for the
worker than the mine owner elsewhere, but it is for 'the reason that
through the instrumentality of the
United Mine Workers we have been
able to wrest from the Illinois mine
owners considerations we would never
have hoped to secure otherwise. 1
venture to assert, my friend!, that it
is only through the Instrumentality of
our organisation that we can hope for
success. That Is the reason I say to
you men that though I may hold certain radical views, there have been
many times when I have had to refrain from forcing my views upon the
men whom 1 represent, In order that
their best interests might be for the
time preserved.
Recognizing these facts; recognizing that we do not get the consideration that we should get; recognizing
that we are living under a system
that means the exploitation of the'
many by the tew; recognizing the fact
that though we never hope as Individuals to cope with the power of those
who employ us, I still declare that the
ji ganized labor movement hu brought
a greater measure of relief to the or
ganized workers than hu any force devised by man up to this time.
I listened here the other day to men
who argued that they would hot go to
the House of Parliament in order to
attempt to secure certain concessions
for the workers of British Columbia.
Now, my friends, I want to say to you
that If the workers everywhere had
followed that policy ln the paat, excruciating aB the shackles are, they
would be far more' excruciating than
they ni e at the- present time. In the
House of Parliament I believe you have
two Socialist members out ot 42 members. Over In Illinois we have four
Socialist members ln the State Legislature. Now, If we are going to adopt
a policy and absolutely hold aloof from
those that are now ln authority, let us
withdraw them. Let us make lt a
clean-cut policy; let us refuse absolutely to have anything to do with
these men. If not, let ub do the best
we can ln the circumstances, and when
we havb done that we cau do no more;
but I say to you as one member of organized labor I have never known the
time, and I hope I never shall know
the time when I shall refuse to appear
before any audience, before any Institution, before any body of citizens, public or otherwise, for the purpose of
driving home the truth and Mi» lustlce
of our position.    (Applause.)
There Is not an officer ln aay labor
organization anywhere who will tell
you he believes that, through the Instrumentality of his organization, he
has secured for the members thereof
all they are entitled to. If he does, all
I can say Is that man is a blithering
fool, no matter who he Is. Before we
can accomplish a complete adjustment
of the wrongs of the working class, lt
must be done through the Instrument,
ality of political action, but I say to
you ln the Interim, until such time as
we can convince the great majority of
the working people that relief lies in
economic and political action, we
must educate the worker along those
lines. We have been called "oppor
tunlsts" and I say because of the fact
that we have been opportunists we
have enjoyed a greater degree of pros
perlty; there has been more brightness brought into the lives ot the miners because they have been members
ot our organization.
Now with regard to the situation on
Vancouver Island, I presume all you
men are interested In the strike there.
I am because of a recommendation
made by myself last year that the
United Mine Workers extend to Vancouver Island. Later on when the men
became Involved In their present difficulties lt was because of my action tha'
the International Unlod decided to
finance the trouble. Later on it became
my duty to take charge of this strike
or lockout. Since coming to the Island
I have done everything within my
power for the purpose of getting into
touch with the representatives of tile
Canadian Collieries Company, with a
view to negotiating a peaceful settlement of this struggle. Every effort
haa proved futile; I have been absolutely unable to get th contact with
any representative of that company.
They have Informed us that tbere
would be no surcease of the struggle
until the men sign a contract agreeing to go back under the conditions
which existed previous to the trouble.
I say to you that I will exhaust every
effort ln my power for the purpose of
Inducing the international executive
board to continue the fight on Vancouver Island until such time aa It can
be brought to an honorable and successful conclusion.   (Applause.)
So far as the present organization ol
the men on Vancouver Island Is concerned It would not make any particular difference to the men In the United
States whether they were organized
or not but. there Is coming a time when
it wiil be of vast Importance to the
men themselves. When the Panama
Canal Is opened there will be poured
Into your confines all kinds of labor,
all nationalities, all creeds, for the purpose of developing the province of Brit
Ish Columbia and the Dominion of Canada, This foreign labor will be used
in every branch ot Industry that man
can be engaged ln, and *Nwant to lay
ita Bf-mia tmmu mmmimsi:
to you that It the men of British Cm
lumbia are not prepared to assimilate
and protect themselves against that
Influx of foreign labor your conditions'
will Indeed be deplorable. If ever
there waa a time when men ahould
strive with all their ability to organize In British Columbia, that time Is
I say to you In conclusion that I hope
the actions of this Convention will be
such as will redound to tbe advantage
ot the men of British Columbia, and to
tbe credit of this Convention. I again
repeat tbat some of us who hold radical views will have to relegate to th*'
background bur vlewi If all cannot see
things ln the ume light u we lee
them. I want to again usure you that
I appreciate the Invitation given me;
and If I have raid anything that has
been offensive to any man in this meeting, It has not been because of a desire
to offend, but because you might perhaps benefit by the experiences
through.which my own organisation
has passed and was able to profit by,
and which may be ot benefit to the
men In British Columbia.   (Applause.)
Moved by Delegate Ohlsholm and
seconded tar Delegate Haslett that the
regular order of business be proceeded
Amendment moved and seconded
that Mr. McNIven', Fair wage Officer,
be asked to address the Convention at
this time. (Amendment carried),.
MR. McNIVEN (Fair Wage officer
of the Dominion Government): Mr.
Preildent and members of the B. C.
Federation of labor, I know you have
had a great many speakers, and I don't
blame you for wanting to get down to
business, I would feel tbe same way
if I were in your position.     -
I do appreciate the privilege of being able just to say a few words to
you, more particularly as Victoria wai
my own stamping ground In yeara put;
and I have been referred back to tbe'
time when organized labor wu not ln
such a prosperous condition u lt Is
at present, and it gives me a great deal
of delight to see the advance that has
been made. Now, I can look back when
organized labor Jn Victoria and British Columbia generally wu In a very
disorganized state, and I know from
my own experience that British Col?
umbia today Is one ot tbe but organized provinces ln Canada; and I know
full well, too, that this hu not been
brought about without a great deal of
energy on the part of members ot or
ganized labor. You have heard a great
deal of politics from men who are in
politics. Now, I am out of politics, so
I cannot say anything at all concerning
these conditions. I am serving the public now ln the capacity of Fair Wage
Officer, and I am serving all alike. My
dcBlro Ib to be strictly impartial lh my
dealings, and I believe that Ib all the
workera want. If they get fairness and
Justice I believe they will be satisfied,
and I will follow that ln so .far as lt
lies In my power. ■
I hope the result of your work will be
satisfactory and I hope that organized
labor will continue to grow. Although
I am not mixed up with the organization now, it Is still deep down ln my
heart, and I wish to see lt grow. (Applause.)
Considerable discussion took puce
aa to whether a representative from
the I. W. W. would be given the floor
at this time, and it was moved and
seconded that a representative from
that body should be Invited to address
tbe Convention and explain the views
of that organization. On the motion being put to the house lt was lost, and
the regular routine of business as laid
out was proceeded with, namely:
Report of the Resolutions Committee.
Resolution Nd. 1.—By delegates representing U. M. W. of A., No. 2299,
Cumberland—Whereas it has been
deemed expedient owing to the drastic
measures used by the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir Ltd.) against their
employees that all organized labor In
British Columbia be called on strike for
U'jiity-four hours it said company does
not give their employees a satisfactory
settlement vltli'n twenty days. And be
il further resolved that a general strike
Le called within the next ten days.
Committee reported unfavorably.
Moved and seconded that the report of
the comm ,teo !-•» adopted  (Carried.)
Resolution No. 2.—By delegates representing U. M. W. ot A., No.
Cumberland—That the present firemen
or dally Inspectors employed by and
paid by the Colliery Company should
be certificated, practical men, selected
by the miners and .paid by the government.
Committee    reported      favorably,
Resolution No. 3.—By delegates representing U. M. W. of A., No. 2299,
Cumberland—That a higher standard
of technical knowledge be required of
Inspectors under the Coal Mines Regulation Act and that sub-Inspectors be
appointed to assist in the administration ot the Act where 1000 men are
Committee having amended the
wording, reported favorably on resolution aB amended. Moved and Bee.
onded that the report of the committee be adopted. (Carried.)
Resolution No. 4—By delegates representing U. M. W. of A., No. 2299,
Cumberland—That we have a considerable Increase of mines Inspectors of
the-same status aB the present government Inspectors, whose duty lt would
be to make frequent surprise visits at
least once every month.
(Covered by Resolution No. 3.)
Resolution No. 6.—By delegates representing U. M. W. ot A., Np. 2299,
Cumberland—That we have a six (6)
hour day underground for mine work-
Committee     reported     favorably.
Resolution No. 6.—By delegatee representing U. M. W.- of A., No. 2299,
Cumberland—That we favor the abolition of all piece work in mines.
Committee     reported     favorably.
Resolution No. 7—By delegates representing U. M. W. of A„ No. 2290,
Cumberland—That we favor a 84.00
per day minimum wage for mine workers.
Committee     reported     favorably.
Resolution'No. 8.—By delegates representing U. M. W. of A., No. 2299.
Cumberland—That no penon under
the age ot sixteen (16) years of age
be employed ln or around the mines.
Committee     reported      favorably.
Resolution No. 9—By delegates representing U. H. W. of A., No. 2200,
Cumberland—That all Asiatics be debarred from working ln or around the
Committee     reported     favorably.
Resolution NO. 10.—By delegates representing U. M. W. of A., No. 2200,
Cumberland—That lt be compulsory
for all colliery/companies to erect
baths at all their mines. .
Committee     reported     favorably
Resolution No. 12.—By delegate! representing U. M. W. of A„ No. 1299,
Cumberland—That men having bun
appointed by the mlnen to alt on Ex-
amlners' Board for Miners' CertlfleatM
ba allowed to remain In that position
after being throws out ot work
through labor disputes.
Committee     reported     favorably.
Resolution No. It.—By delegates re.
presenting U. M. W. ot A., No. MM,
Cumberland—That all employen of
labor-be forbidden to evict their employees in times ot trade disputes.
Committee     reported     favorably,
Resolution No. 14.—By delegate! representing U, M. W. of A., No. 2299,
Cumberland—That we endone semimonthly pay-day*' tor mine worken.
Committee having amended wording
reported-favorably as amended. Moved
and seconded that the report of the
committee b* adopted .(Carried.)
Resolution No. 16.—By delegate! representing U. M. W. of A., No. 2299,
Cumberland—That the election deposit
be abolished.
Committee     reported     favorably.
'.. (Carried.)
Resolution No. 16—By delegates representing U. M. W. of A„ No. 2299,
Cumberland—Tbat we endone the
principle of tbe Initiative, Referendum and Recall.
Committee -   reported   ' favorably,
_    . -       (Carried.)
Resolution No. 17.—By Delegate A.
R. Sherk, representing Laborers' Protective Union No. 2, Victoria—Resolved that ln the opinion of the B. C.
Federation of Labor the land policy ot
the provincial government should be
so amended that the workers, when
coming to thli province to help construct Its public utilities, would find
it more profitable to settle on the land
than flock to the cities and crowd Into
an already over-glutted labor market
Committee'    reported     favorably.
Resolution No. 18—By Delegate T.
H. Norrls, representing Painters, Decorators' and Paperhangers' Union No.
* Victoria—Whereas a great hardship
and unnecessary, inconvenience la in-
•currad by workmen through the payment of wagu by cheque. Be it resolved that.the B. C. F. ot L. In convention assembled, go on record u
being opposed to tbe payment ot
wages by cheque! and be lt further resolved that the executlve-ot the B. C.
F, ot L. take the necessary steps to
secure legislation tn this matter, making It compulsory for tbe payment of
o-iges in cash.
Committee having amended wording
and made lt applicable to all tradeB
reported favorably as amended. Moved
and seconded that the report of the
committee be adopted.   (Carried.)
Resolution No. 19.—By Delegate T.
H. Norrls, representing Painters',
Decorators' and Paperhangers' Union
No. 6, Victoria—Whereas the methods
st present in use where kalsomlnlng,
painting and paperhanging Is done in
bedrooms, living rooms,'etc., in this
and other cities of this province, are
of a most unsanitary character and
constitutes- a menace to health,
through the fact tbat old kalsomlne,
paper, grease, dirt and all kinds of
filth are covered over time after time;
be it resolved that the B. C. F. of L.
ln convention assembled, go on record
as being oppoud to this Bystem of doing work, and be It further resolved
that the executive of the B.C. F. of L.
take the necessary steps to secure legislation In this connection, making It
compulsory for the removal of old kalsomlne, paper; etc., when re-decorat-
Ing Is done.
Committee     reported,    favorably.
Resolution No. 20.—By delegates representing Brotherhood of Carpenters
Union No. 617, Vancouver—WhereM
we have been advised that tt Is the Intention of the B. 0. Association of
Architects to endeavor to have enacted
into law, In the near future, legislation having for lta object Ihe protection of their members only; and
whereas, until now, we have been unable to ascertain the exact nature ot
said proposed legislation; and where-
bb we are fearful that same may be
detrimental to, and a disadvantage to
many ot our members, ln many Instances; therefore be It resolved that
we, Local Union 617 of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
of America, resident in Vancouver, B.
C, do request the third annual convention of the British Columbia Federation of Labor to endeavor to ascertain the exact nature of said proposed
legislation and endeavor to safeguard
and protect to the beat of their ability, the Interests of all workers affected, It ln their opinion same Is necessary.
Committee recommended tbat this
be referred to executive committee.
Moved and seconded that the decision
of the Resolutions Committee be
adopted. (Carried.)
Resolution No. 21—By delegates representing United Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 617, Vancouver—Whereas,
ln view of the Inconvenience and hardships, loss of time, etc., Imposed on
those who are compelled to accept
cheques ln payment of wages; Therefore be It resolved tbat we, Local
Union No. 617 of United Brotherhood
of Carpenters and Joiners, of Vancou
ver, B.C., request the third annual con
ventlon of the British Columbia Fed
eratlon of Labor to use, and their executive committee continue to uae, their
best endeavors to bring about the payment of wagea In cuh. (Covered by
Resolution No. 18.)
Resolution No. 22—By delegates representing United Brotherhood of Car-
penten, No. 617, Vancouver—Whereas, having caused to be Introduced at
the first annual convention of the BrltlBh Columbia Federation of Labor a
resolution having for Its obtect the
Improvement of the Mechanics' Lien
Act. And after reviewing the report
of the second annual convention, and
noting the report of the executive having to do with said Act wherein they
say: "We feel that the Act Is a legal
sophistry and almost entirely worthless for the practical relief of the evils
It wu intended to remedy,'' and that
It should be replaced by a measure
framed with the genuine desire to
serve its purpose, with all ot which we
heartily agree; therefore be lt resolved
that Union No. 617 of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenten and Jolnera
of Vancouver, B, C, request the third
annual convention of the British Columbia Federation of Labor to cause
to be drafted an Act, or amendment
to the present Act, In lino with the
suggestlonr of their executive, wltb a
view to having ume Introduced into
parliament and enacted into law.
Committee reported favorably and
recommended It be referred to the executive committee. Moved and sec.
onded tbat the decision of the Resolu.
tlons Committee be adopted. (Car
Resolution No. 2».—By Delegate A.
V, Lotting, representing Street and
Electric Railway Employes, No. 101,
Vancouver—Whereu the proper and
competent training, of all motorman
and conductors who operate atreet and
electric can upon the streets and
hlghwayi ii a matter ot serioui concern to the traveling public wbo uu
theu can, ai well u tbe many thousand! of pedestrians wbo walk upon thi
■sra-"-—r,- ■ —r*t
hardy m mmmi
■ in  in'iu'siisimii ■■■■*—■B*B*S—      .
Exceptional Opportunities Offered to Worklngman
Tb* land owners In the Hardy Bay
Section at the north end of Vancouver
bland hav* organised themselves into
a body hgvlng for Its purpose tbe developing ot th* Immense natural resource* In that locality. Thus far
this organisation, with the assistance
of th* Hardy Bay'Board ot Trade,
hav* not only Influenced a large num
ber ot settle™ to come, there,   but |*subllsh propir distributing portion
also capitalists have been brought to
the American Continent   Hardy Bay
. ™ ,h.» ,!••-» i. „„..»«. Ui four hours nearer tne-Orient than
a realisation ^___>_[*_m__*°,any other port on the Pacific Oout
tb* Orient to a realisation of th* pos-
slMlltiM afforded them ln tbe marketing the product* ot tb*lr mill* aad
minei tn other Ind*;' millions ot
dollara hav* been expended tbere by
capitalists, and the building of th*
Panama Canal la.a direct result Th*
time hu come when the worit is completed, and th* nut move on tb* put
ot thou who control tb* Industrial
commerce of tb* World will   b*   to
b* mad*; snd negotiations are now
under way providing for the establishment of large Industries.
Finest Harbor ter Ooein Trade.
Whlli tbe farming land! and
mammoth deposits of coal and Iron
usure the growth of a thriving city,
ths Hardy Bay Harbor will also figure
materially ln tb* development which
hu already had a healthy start Any
ocean going ship can enter Hardy
it Ii here where the three great trunk
railroads will connect wltb tb* Oriental and Alaska fleet. Pusugtr *tr-
vlce, mall service and tut freight can
be shipped from Hardy Bay. by railroad, thus laving a full day'! time
over any other port on the Paolfle
■arly Construction en Railroads
■i> Promised.
The development of the north end
standing, at aa initial pdoi oi «•*
dollar par acre, aa* tartaer naymsaUS
of one dollar aa acre per moatfcissss-i
will Mcur* tor Uw parcbasssr a i*M ■."
mad* tana iscladJac two Mnsi, t**jw
cows, titty chlcksas, farming .tttNir
ra, aad buBdlags all n*ay t-eUv* ■■
In th* event th* buyer ones bo*
wish to live en tb* farm, th* ccsnaaaf
wilT operate K for bim and gag 76ft
at th* receipt* for th* privilig*. Tk*
total cost ot tb* farm Is I2.0W. Prop.
oaltlou number two provide* that tor
tb* payment ot 110 cask aad |U per
month the company will sell a chkkeo
farm including flfty chickens aad a
boa** to live In. Tb* total eaat ol
this farm Is f 600. Ths n*-gon*» 40
the** liberal propoaali ba* tan* tbe
local offlc* ot tb* oompany   te  Its
Bar~wlS™saf«tjv*and l-*™"abuiuteiyJ ?' Vancouver" Island at aa early date
SSure S tta MtSl protection at- £j™ «»•* J»* «>• •**** <•?•*•?
forded by the projecting land* at th*
mouth. Other dtles hav* had to expend tremendous sums of money for
the development ot a harbor' before
they were even qualified tol become
candidates In tbe class of Industrial
and commercial citlei; scarcely a bar
bor on the Pacific Coast hu naturally
met the qualifications neeeuary, and,
from Northern Vancouver Island Railway Company's official* to tb* effect
that the line which I* projected to run
from Rupert Ann on Quatilno Bay to
Hardy Bay and Fort McNeil would
be-worked on at an early date. A surveying party under the. personal
charge Of Mr. Peter Landry wu sent
out recently to begin surveying work
■M* V*5HTikV ~^^_*^d*#gSZ
to a preliminary reconnaissance by
Mr. T. A..KeHey, tbe railway's engineer. At the present time the
C. P. R. and Union'Steamship Company's boats put Into Hardy Bay, and
the completion of tbe railroad will
without doubt act u an Inducement
for other transportation companies to
place Hardy Bay on their routes.
Ideal Farming (Mtlsn.
Hardy Bay li ,one of the few. remaining fruit growing districts where
irrigation is unnecessary. Vegetables
from this section were awarded nsst
prise at tbe Victoria Fair. Berries
have an exceptionally fine growth. To
illustrate the progressive spirit ot the
Hardy Bay Farmers' Association, two
propositions bave been formulated for
presentation to the prospective buyer
of Jands, and theae are probably the
most unique ever presented to the
buying public.  The company will ull
money have been expended to Ire-
model nature's work so that It wu
acceptable to man. Thus, Hardy Bay
hu already bait built a city, in being
a harbor where perfect conditions have
been provided by nature. A iub-
itantlal wharf has been built, and
boats on the Wut Cout route put
Into Hardy Bay on regular trips.
Destined    to    ■scorns    Distributing
Point for Oriental Trade.
A factor that almost entirely control* the manipulation of the foreign
trade with the West Cout of Amer
lc*, and the land! lylng.east, li that
of most expediently handling the
commodities which are exohanged between countries. Hardy Bay 1b the
nearest coaling itatlon on the Pacific
Coast to the Orient. Mammoth coal
and Iron deposits have been discovered
near the harbor. A consistent campaign hu been under way tor the
hut ten or more years to wake up,a farm'to any individual   of   good
tnllest capacity. Mr. Uk*, As) loo
manager, aatd to a repreuntaUv* ot
Tb* rederatlouist. In regard to tk*
development ot tbe Hardy Bay Section: "We bave made tbas* propotl-
Uoni for the reason that w* want to
advertlae our section; we realise that
to gat th* rich land there under an*
vatlon means to bring large Industrie*
to our city. Wtll known fiuniUrt
ar* at tb* pruent .time planning to
put on* ot th* largest steel plant* la
the world at Hardy Bay, aad also to
build a Urge pulp mill that will b*
second to (on* on tb* coatlneat. A
large volume of bur buslseu hu been
done with memben of organised
labor, and we really had tbem In mind '
more than aay other people In offering our ready mad* farms. W* real!**
that tb* lndnstriss wblch win locate
at Hardy Bay will require labor, and'
also that tbe laboring man mak**
on* ot the belt citlsens, inumaob aa
he know! tn* valu* ot a borne, th*
proper way to conduct It aad UuU he
will demand proper school system.
For tbat reason we are- particularly
anxious to Indue* Union Men to look
Into the opportunity offered by a*.
For th* man who wishes,to bay on*
of the** farms, and at tn* same Urn*
remain ln the city until' It I* paid tor,
we hav* arranged to cultivate tbe
farm for htm, make tt produce all possible, and give him 76* ot th* pre-.
duct The crops off any one ot our
famu will easily pay oft I'
after the farm bu-begi
For mixed farming ***'
beat Tb* climate:', la „ ,
berries ripen the latter pi
The Hardy Bay Board oTtt_W\t
located at 666 Oranvlll* 80
Acadia Trust Co., Limited
General Financial Agents
Security of
150 Hastings Street East
Vancouver, B. C.
Five-Acre Homes
Good Roads—Close to Tramline
5 Years
to Pay
Western Plate Glass & Importing
willow Olaaa
-Plate cnaas
Ohippsd OHass
Boils* mass
wise* Waa*
Osemna Wats
-Mass**-* (Haas
1-ltar** (Has*
amila* Door -put*
Company, Limited
mouse Sormou 8HS-MM
Laajnw -umm-^urr Dims
Cable Address: "Hawk Vancouver"—Western Union
Code. Depot: 31S Water Street
Aay Maes nrossn hy Other Tiais* Arise taissllaWea
Is Okaeted to CsntneSota
> or—ami su wan
Store Display Fittings and Showcases      Thome Metal Store Front Bars
10-Acre Farms on the Fraser River
Canadian Properties, Limited
aoT-s rao-ono ButLorao
Taaoonvor, B. c.
The Home Loan & Contact Co.,
Limited, whose advertisement appears in this issue,, is composed of
well known Vancouver business
men who have staked their money
and influence for the success of
the contract plan.
The plan is an old one, having
been in operation on the Continent of Europe and in Great
Britain for many years, and in the
United States twenty-five years
and more. It was brought- to
Canada by the active managers of
the Home Loan & Contract Co.
The first contracts issued by
this company provided that the
loans should be .repaid with 5 per
cent, interest added, but after
about twent months of operation
it was found that the plan was so
well supprted that it was decided
that the volume of business being
transacted wai auch that the contracts could be changed to simply
provide for the return of the principal borrowed without any interest whatever. Accordingly on the
first gJPpe^wber last a new contract mat -meed oil the market,
providrSw for loans without interest, and that in case a loan is
not wanted and the contract has
matured.the company guarantees
to return all the money paid in on
the contract, together with a premium of $100.00 in cash.
The contract plan is worthy of
the consideration of any person
whatever, as the payments necessary to carry contracts are within
the reach of any. person.
The company'I offices have recently been moved to their new
quarters at 433 Richards St., Vancouver. Tbey have branches extending from the Maritime Provinces to British Columbia. -
A very clear explanation of the
company's plan of operation may
be had by calling at their Head
Office, which is open daily from
9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
nr ravoe or btandaediza-
Mr. Spencer Robinson of the
South Vancouver Council believes
in the organization of Municipal
employees and the standardization of wages. Mr. Robinson is an
apt student of social and industrial conditions, and particularly
in South Vancouver. He believes
that municipality work should be
done on tbe day labor plan; thus
giving those living in South Vancouver a first opportunity and enabling them to improve local property with the returns from such
The Northern Securities, Ltd., of
511 Fender St, have been ln business
since 1906, and make a specialty of
cleared building lots Inside tbe city
limits on easy terms, Tbey are at tbe
present time disposing of a very
choice block of property ln the southeastern portion of tbe city, wblch
they have held for some years. This
property Is being sold at between
|600 and (700 per lot, wltb 160 casta
and tbe balance at the rate of $10.
It hu sll been cleared and graded
by the company, bas graded streets,
dty water, electric light, and within
three minutes' walk of an excellent
ear lervlce. This often an excellent
opportunity to tbe working man to
procure for himself a home and thus
eicape the rent question, a very large
factor In the depletion of bis monthly
pay cheque. This Urn make a
ipeclalty of handling that which can
be acquired by the man of small
means, and are financially able to
carry him over for a reasonable time
should he owing to unforseen circumstance! be unable to meet hli payments, and make a practice of doing
In 1906 acquired the business of the
old-established Vancouver Hardware
Co., Ltd. They carry a large and well
assorted stock of mechanics' tools,
builders' hardware, blacksmiths' and
contractors' supplies, and buying direct from the moat reliable manufacture™ are able to supply tbe best
grade of goods at fair prices.
Now have an agency In charge of
Mr. A. O. Thornton, located at (06
Homer St, Vancouver, B.C., and are
prepared to give the trade the BEST
of yeast and service.
Industrial Trust Compiny Flnt Tin-
•nt of Labor Tempi* Compiny.
Vancouver, B.C., Jan. 18.—
Mr. J. Mcllwalne, managing director of the Industrial Company, Labor
Temple building, when asked by a
representative of Ths Federationist
.mat ne thought the new year bad ln
store for Investors, said ln part: "Conditions sre largely what we make
them. ourselves. I have seen tlmei
when a gloom hung over a city, or
community, on account of lupposed
'hard times,' which were ln reality
created by tbe Individuals themselves;
it sometimes goes this way; a real
estate boom strikes a town, and everybody buys real estate. Owners of
•and- far from the settled portions ot
the city, take advantage of the temporary rush to diipoie of property
which will not be developed for years
to come. The boom subsides, and
wbat is the result? Those people who
bought this 'farout' real estate, expecting to (th harmony with the promises of tbe real estate agents) dispose
ot tt while sales are good, have land
on their hands too far. trom the business section for them to build on and
ihus save rent, and too far to be desirable to other purchasers. All tbat
is left for the time li the obligation
tbey have assumed; money always
becomes tight after a boom, and tbey
flnd lt hard to meet payments, and, aa
a consequence, start the cry of 'bard
times.' I believe the wise Investor
should and doei buy when condition!
are not too flourishing, and then ln a
neighborhood where transportation facilities are at hand, thus getting property that ii ulable at all times. The
Industrial Trust Company has always
made lt a practice to handle loti mar
car llnei; we sold 106 lots In North
Vancouver last spring, all because
buyers saw that they were io located
aa to be of value as a rent saver at
once. All ot the property we now
have ln North Vancouver Is within
easy walking distance to transportation. The Increase In value Of lots
on 19th Avenue, Point Orey, are good
examples of what the purchaser ot
accessable property may expect We
have sold a great many building sites
there, and the sale has continued to
be good through all ot the year Just
passed." .• "But you have Interests ln
Mission City, which Is forty miles from
Vancouver; thst ts hardly consistent
with your policy of handling only Inside real estate," was suggeited by the
federatlonist man.
- Mr. Mcllwalne replied: "That il
another propoiltlon; we are not
selling that land al Vancouver residence property. Mission City represents an entirely
different kind of Investment; some of
our customer! wint to Invert their
money In outside districts thst ban a
Hkllhood of becoming email market
centrei, and that wai our Idea In buying there. The fact that sales hare
been brisk is a good Indication that
there is a strong demand tor Just that
kind of property. Minion Olty li located on tbe C. P. R. Railroad, and
promises to be a thriving market city
of from five to ten thousand people."
The Industrial Trust Company wai
the first tenant to occupy onice space
ln the Labor Temple. The' object for
renting tn this locality was to be In
close touch with members of Trades
Unions, and also to be in the district
which the company believes will rapidly develop Into a thriving business section. Mr. Mcllwalne assured the writer
that his company was In hearty sympathy with the labor movement, and
was making a speciality of handling
properties that would appeal to tbe
members of organised labor. "We
have customers among union men,"
he said, "who have not only
bought property from us, but tor whom
we transact other business. Some
send their pay checks to us direct with
Instructions ai to the expenditure."
"We appreciate tbe importance of
the labor movement tn British Columbia, and the fact that a wholesome
reel estate business em be established
by dealing fair with laboring men, A
real estate man has another function
to perform other than limply turning
over a piece ot property; he muat lee
that hli customer gets property that
win meet his expectations—property
that will sctually Increase ln value
and be desirable for a home. We are
locating union men In lectloni where
they can easily get to and from work,
where they can buy property reasonably, and where that propery has a
strong likelihood of Increasing In
value. We like to sell union men, because there la a stronger tendency
among them to improve their land
than In the average class ot purchasers, and such Improvement! not only
Increase the value of that particular
lot, but of every lot In the community."
This shop, equipped with Goodyear
welt stitching and other machinery
for quick repairs, while you watt.. Mr.
Jos. Palmer, proprietor, claims he Is
now and always has been, a friend of
organized labor. Shop at 802 Dunsmuir street.
IM Blfkth Af«.
a., Moae Mr-
 OlamMe SI.,
are* Westmla-
star, Van* in,
56 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 229
streets, in that the preservation of life
and limb and property Is Involved In
the question of the efficiency of the
persons operating the said cars; and
whereas tt la a well known fact that
arave danger Is ever present by reason
of the prevailing practice ot street and
electric railway companies to hurry
ipprentlcei through a short period of
instruction, then place them in full responsibility to take eharge and operate an electric car while still inexperienced and Incompetent; therefore
be it resolved tbat tbe B. C. Federation of Labor seek legislation making
It compulsory for street and electric
railway companles«to put every applicant for the position of motorman or
conductor through a training period of
tt least thirty (30) day's and that ln
the case of motormen, one week at
leaat of the laid 30 dayB shall be occupied ln the motor ehopi under competent Instruction In the more important electrical and mechanical
parti of said cars.
Committee     reported     favorably.
Resolution No. 24.—By Delegate J.
Ferris, representing Street and Elec-
•rlc Railway Employes, No. 1,01, Vancouver—Whereas motormen and conductors on street and electric cars are
compelled to suffer great hardships
while performing their duties owing
lo the lack of proper halting of tho
vestibules of said cars; therefore be 11
-esolved that the executive committeo
it the B. C. Federation ot Labor seek
legislation providing for the sufficient
Heating of vestibules on all street and
electric cari.
' Committee     reported     favorably.
Reiolutlon No. 26.—By Delegates
Peter Fisher and James'Hook, representing Longshoremen's Union No.
.1M6, Victoria—Whereas the Longshoremen of Victoria and Vancouver
have strut-Hied for years to secure re-
-oenltlon ot their organisation, and we
believe they have almost accomplished
•he same, and It hai come to our notice
'rom time to time that memben of
other organizations come to the water-
'ront seeking work; therefore be It rewired that no members of afflliated
''odies annly for such work without
'Irst notifying the International Longshoremen's Union,
Committee     reported     favorably.
Resolution No. 26.—By Delegates
Peter Fisher and James Hook, representing Longshoremen's Union No,
3846, Victoria—Whereas numerous accidents occur In loading and unloading
vessels and owing to the peculiar con-
lltlons under which longshoremen
work they are not fully protected under the present law; therefore be It
•esolved that this convention take scion to urge upon the government of
Iritlsh Columbia the necessity of pass-
<ng a bill providing against such and
compelling stevedoring companies
hiring longshoremen to come directly
under the Compensation Act.
Committee     reported     favorably.
Resolution No. 27.—By Delegate
Ambrose Tree, representing Longshoreman's Union No. 3846*, Victoria—
Whereas J. Keir Hardle questioned
Premier Aiqulth In the British Parlia
ment as to whether the Canadian Navy
Ml wis approved of by organized
labor ln Canada, and received the reply from Premier Asqulth that It was
i question that rested entirely upon
the Canadian Parliament; therefore be
It resolved that the B. C. Federation of
Ubor go on record as being absolutely
opposed to the said measure, or any
other bill to Increase armaments.
Committee     reported     favorably.
Resolution No. "28.—By Delegate J.
McAllister, representing U. M. W. A.,
No, 2299, Cumberland—Resolved that
property qualifications for municipal
office be abolished.
Committee reported this as a substituted amendment. Moved and seconded that the report of the committee be adopted.    (Carried.)
Reiolutlon No. 80.—By Delegate
John L. Martin, representing Laborers'
Protective Union No. 2, Victoria—
Whereas the "B. C. Federatlonist", being owned Jointly by the B. C. Federation of Labor and the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, and whereas said paper Is looked upon by the
workers ot this province as being lu
their interests alone, and whereas the
special convention number of this
piper Is about as much to labor's ln-
-erest as are real estate Journals and
development league publications; and
whereas one commercial concern advertised therein hsd a strike on last
spring with its employees and lmport-
ad scabs to fill their places and another concern has for the last three
months persistently refused to recognize a newly formed local of their employees, and whereas auch creation!
are not in the Interests of the workers,
but rather those of the mailer clan,
who can be lately left to their own
boosting without being aided by the
so-called servants of the workeri,
therefore be lt resolved that this convention pan a vote of censure on the
management of the said paper for hot
taking greater precautions to protect
.he B. C. labor movement from sueh
contemptible exploitation.
Commute*   reported   unfavorably.
Delegate NORRIS—While I am not
in any way Interested In the complta
tlon of the resolution, I am Interested
ln the work of tbe management of the
paper. Do I understand that we have
the report coming up under the activities of the executive?
Delegate MARTIN—As I understand
It we will have the oportunlty later on
under some other heading.
Delegate GRANT—A vote of censure
Ib contained in the resolution and 1
think the thing should be threshed out.
Delegate JORDAN—I am heartily In
wcord with the mover of the Victoria
resolution. I certainly aay that there
is cause for censure on the manage
ment of thla paper. (Cited caiea tn
Nanalmo with reference to the securing of advertisements for the psper,
bst four men were engaged In secur-
'ng same, and that over two-thirds ol
the money for advertisement! would
be taken out In wagei for these
agents..) -
Delegate NORRI8-I think* we will
bave all this up again when the officers' reports come ln. It will mean
going over the ground twice. I move
that this report of the committee be
'aid over until the Item, "B. C. Federatlonist," has been brought up In the
executive report. This motion was
Delegate McVETY favored the adoption of the report, that the Convention
dispose of this resolution as unfav-
Delegate MORAN—We had this
brought In here In Victoria. I would
like It laid over until tbe other thing
comei in.
Delegate NORRIS—mere are several delegates here who could give
light to Delegate McVety on leveral
points on this matter. We could then
deal with the report afterwards and
give a square deal all round.
Delegate SIVERTZ—I submit that
the bad or good management of -the
paper cannot be considered Intelligently at this time.
The main question wai put to the
Convention. Amendment that the matter be laid over until .the B. C. Federatlonist comes up under the Executive
Board's report For amendment, 19;
against, 47. Amendment lost.
Delegate MARTIN—That resolution
was drawn up and passed by the
union and 1 received instructions, If
the delegates wish any further evidence I have three cuttings to which
I would like to draw your attention
I think more precaution should bave
been taken by the management of that
paper ln their ■ discriminating ln tbe
matter of the choice of advertisements
and as to the employment of foreign
labor. I think the vote of censure Is
perfectly Justifiable on the paper. I
don't wish the management of this
paper to take offence. I take It that
criticism always doeB good. 1 hope
that the management of that paper
will take precautions ln the future.
Delegate 8IVERTZ-I am very reluctant to take any part In this discussion, but I feel It li necessary to throw
a searchlight on It. There has not been
a charge made In the Trades and
Labor Council of Victoria on the part
of the management of the paper. The
publicity agent wai asked to keep ln
close touch with the Trades and Labor
Council and the business sgents. Whether be did that or not I do not know,
it Is certain that the Trades and Labor
Council li not In possession from the
Laborers* Protective Union or any
other organisation In Victoria, of notice that any concern Is unfair. The
Canadian Mineral Rubber Co. had a
dispute with their men, and I say that
It was for the Laborers' Union to Intimate this to the publicity agent
Delegate GILLIOAN — An agent
came from the B. C. Federatlonist and
he was sent to me and thli particular
gentleman asked me what firms
around this town were fair. I explained
to him the condition, as Victoria is de-
cldedlv unfair. There were a couple of
construction firm! I advised him to
keep away from, but as for the others
I told him to "fro to It."
The previous question being called
for, the chairman put the motion to
the house and It was carried.
Moved and seconded that the report
of the committee be adopted. (Carried.)
Convention adjourned at 6.31, to be
convened at 9 a.m.. on Wednesday
THIRD DAY—Morning Session.
January 16th, 9 to 13.
On the president calling the session
to order—
Delegate CAMERON suggested that
committee should go before Labor
Commluion at one*, as the Commission was leaving for Vancouver that
afternoon. n
Moved and seconded that the special committee which was appointed
to appear before the Labor Commission should be discharged and their
duties handed over to the executive.
Moved and seconded ln amendment
that tbe committee select two of their
number to Interview the memben ot
the Labor Commission- at once and
arrange for the reception of their
committee at some future date.
(Amendment carried.)
The preildent called tor tbe audit
committee's report.
Report of Audit Committee.
To the Officers and Delegates,
B. C. Federation of Labor.
Your audit committee have examined the books, receipts, etc., of the
federation and found them kept tn a
very good state and also correct. We
find that the recommendation of the
last audit committee to get new books
haa not been compiled with, and
would suggest that a new equipment
be procured to commence the new
year with.
H. J. SHEEN, Chairman.
SECRETARY—Mr. Chairman, I
would like to make an explanation
with reference to recommendation re
new books not having been compiled
with. The book* we bave now are the
same aa when the Federation wai
flrat organised and the audit committee of the 1912 Convention recommended new booki. The book* are altogether too email, and we want a
loose leaf ledger and so forth, but we
were unable to gel them because we
had not the funds. When I tell you
•hat BUI No. 44, Incurred In January
last for printing of the proceeding!
wis not fully paid until lome time in
June or July, you will tee that we were
obliged to economise as much ai poi-
Moved and teconded that the report
be adopted. (Carried,)
Delegate JOHNSON—I would suggest that we get Into action with regard to the committee appointed to
Interview the Labor Commluion.
SECRETARY—The Linemen'! Organisation ihould have a represents-
tive on thti committee, as their work
Is so technical, no one but an expert
can explain It. They have no representative on the committee and they
have a number of matters to bring
before the Government for tbe protection of the lives of their members and
I want to move tbat a llneman.be appointed on the committee.
PRESIDENT—It has been moved
and ieoonded that the Linemen oe
permitted to add one of their* number
to the committee.
(Motion carried.)
Delegate KINO—Aa being th* lowest
at the. poll, I will resign to give the
Electrical Workers an opportunity of
representation. Delegate Watchman
can take up my work for the Building
Trades. «*-
Moved by Delegate NORRIS that
the resignation of Delegate King be
accepted.   Seoonded.
CHAIRMAN-H has been moved
and seconded that the resignation of
Delegate King be accepted.
Delegate DUNN-On behalf of the
Electrical Workers I wish to thank th*
Building Trades for their courtesy.
PRESIDENT—Th* committee Is
now composed of Delegate* MoVety,
Johnson, Foster, Watchman and Dunn.
The secretary read for the flnt time
reiolutlon! 61 to 77 inclusive.
Exception was taken to Resolution
76, as.having been put on the table
after tbe time appointed for receipt
of resolutions amending the constitution of th* Federation. Chair considered point well taken.
The decision ot the chair was appealed against by Delegate Jordan.
The president resigned the chair to
Vice-president McVety,
. Delegate JORDAN—It seem! to me
that there is no rule that unanimous
consent li necessary before tbe alteration of the time for receiving theae
resolutions. "
President WILKINSON—My reason
for making the ruling was this. I have
been present at three previous meetings of this body and It has alwaya
heen necessary to get the consent of
the house. Secondly In making that
ruling from the chair of thla house I
waa supporting the ordinary practice
and customs; and my experience of
conventions of the American Federation of Labor and the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada proves that
lt Is always necesssry to obtain the
unanimous consent of the house to
accept motion! after the time let.
On motion the decision of the chair
was eustalned and the president resumed the chair.
SECRETARY—Delegate Jordan can
Introduce his reiolutlon aa a general
resolution, embodying the general
PRESIDENT—The committee on
resolution! will continue their report.
Resolution No. 82.—By Delegate H,
W. Martin, representing Cooks, Walters' and Waitresses' Union, No. 469,
Victoria—That the executive board ot
this Federation present to the Provincial Parliament a health law. It shall
be unlawful for any person afflicted
with contagious or Infectious disease,
or any venereal disease or any rash
or skin trouble to work or be employed
In or about any plice where any food
products are manufactured or prepared for food. It shall be unlawful
tor any person to work or be employed
In any bakery, kitchen or confectionery unless he or she shall furnish and
place on file within forty-eight houn
from date of employment, with the
person In charge of such establishment, a certificate of the commissioner
of health or his authorised agent that
there is no danger from employment
of such a person. Such certificate to
be Issued and examination to be made
without charge to tbe applicant.
The committee -reported favorably.
Resolution No. 38.—By Delegate H.
W. Martin, representing Cooks, Walters' and Waitresses' Union, No. 469,
Victoria—Be lt resolved that this convention bring before the Provincial
Parliament a bill for the passing of
lerlslatlon making It a criminal offence for Orientals to employ white
girli In any capacity.
The committee reported tavorably.
.   (Carried.)
Reiolutlon too. 34.—By Delegate H.
W. Martin, representing Cooks, Walters' and Waitresses' Union, No. 459,
Victoria—That the British Columbia
Federation ot Labor use their best efforts In having legislation passed in
the Provincial Parliament making It
compulsory on the cltv officials of the
province of British Columbia to appoint sanitary Inspectors for hotels,
csfes, bakeries, confectioneries, etc.
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 36.—By. Delegate W.
H. Cottrell, representing Street and
Electric Railway Employees, No. 101,
Vancouver—Whereas In the province
of Ontario recent legislation has been
enacted providing that street and electric railway employees shall bave one
day of 24 hours off duty In seven,
'herefore be it resolved that the executive committee of the B. O. Federation of Labor be Instructed to seek
similar legislation tor street and electric railway employees of tbli prov-"
The committeo reported favorably.
' . (Carried.)
Reiolutlon No. 86.—By Delegates
James Cuthbertson and Peroy W.
Johnston, District No. 6, W. F. M.—
Resolved that thli, the third annual
convention of tbe B. C. Provincial
Federation of Labor ask the Dominion
Government to so Improve tbe regulations of the Post Office Savings
Bank.as will make It ae convenient to
deposit with the government as with
any private banking system, our savings, so tbat what profit there Is to
be derived from the savings so deposited may accrue to all ot the people
Instead of, as Is the case at present, being a matter of private gain.
The committee reported favorably.
» (Carried.)
Resolution No. 37.—By Delegates
Jas. Cuthbertson and Percy W. Johnston, representing District Association
No. 6 W. F. of M.—ReBolved that the
amendment! to the Provincial Election! Act submitted from the 16th annual convention of District Association No. 6 Western Federation of
Mlnen and hereto attached, be
"Sandon, B.C., April 18, 1913.
'To the Member! of the Executive
Board of District Association No.
«, W. F. M.
"Dear Sirs and Bros.—
"Much discussion ln this local and
some practical experience In political
campaigning has brought ui to the
conclusion that there exists In the
present Provincial Election! Act many
defect! and lome Injustices, that It
would be to the benefit of, not only
the labor unions but the electorate ot
the province as a whole, to have rem-
cd'ed. To Initiate a province-wide
movement for the purpose of securing
such amendments as are deemed advisable, a special committee was appointed by thli union to make luch
recommendation! ai ln tbelr opinion
would be most effective In leourlng
for thli matter tbe attention that It
"This committee recommended that
thli local union present for the consideration of the executive board of
District No. 6 the following amendments to tbe Provincial Elections Act
and suggest that the District be asked
to circulate the same amongst the
local unions of the Western Federations of Mlnen ln the provinoe for
emendation and discussion, the ultimate object being thst the perfected
amendments should, through tbe medium of the B. C. Provincial Federation
of Labor be circulated at a petition to
the provincial legislature over the
signatures ot as many residents of the
province as lt Is possible to secure.
"Tbe following are In general terms
the amendments suggested by the
local committee:
"(1) That at least two calendar
months shall Intervene between the
dissolution of parliament and the date
of election.
"(2) That a special court of revision
Bhall be held on the first day of the
second calendar month following dissolution. The sole function of thli
court being to place on the voten'
list—subject to the limitations provided In the prment sot—thi names of
all persons resident ln the riding who
are entitled to the franchise.
"(3) That a list of the names added
to the voters' list by every court of
revision shall be prepared by the registrar and ba accessible to the public
not later than ten eayi after the doling of *very court of revision. PAGE FOURTEEN
FRIDAY. ....JANUARY 24,1913
Third Annual Convention
B.C. FtMon of Labor
ciallat party ln our ranks and I wish
every member was a Socialist.
poiing the Federation should agree to
do tbls. We go to our Conservative
member, or Labor, or Liberal member,
and he sayi be will support us. We
say we will stand behind you, and the
Socialist party aay we cannot do thla
We have a federation here which la
Just beginning to become a power. It
Is a question we should approach ln a
fair, open-minded spirit. Let us get the
idea that we are here for the benefit
of the working man In this province,
I would like to see this thing brought
to a referendum along some such UneB
as I am speaking now.
Delegate JOHNSON—There la not
very much left to be said. Speaking
for the metal miners In the district ot
the west I would not go so far as to
say we would withdraw from the Federation, but I would aay this, that we
would be very liable to stay ln so as
to be able to say "I told you so" when
you come to the place we arrived at
yean ago. Ten yean ago we held a
convention and elected William Davidson to represent us In parliament to
state our viewi, and after one session
he came back and said he would have
nothing more to do with our Jar ot
mixed pickles. If you tradu unloni
on the Coast desire to experiment wltb
that Idea, we are perfectly willing, and
1 am sure It would be a fact that If you
•ent up a subscription list we would
furnish money and extend sympathy,
1 because we know from our experience
tbat you will go ahead to where we
are now. I am Inclined to believe the
metal mlnen would more or less regard you as a Joke, If you took this
organisation that has promised to become a power in the province and
tacked tt to the tail of any labor party.
Moved and seconded that the resolution committee's report on the resolutions as unfavorable be accepted.
Resolution No. 42.—By Delegate
0*0. F, Read, represantlng Amalgam-
ated Society of Carpenten and Join-
era, No. 880, Vancouver—Whereas the
banks doing business ln the city ot
Vancouver bave Issued a notice to the
effect that ho business will be done on
Saturday evenings, and whereas the
majority of the workere are paid by
cheque, which lt has been customary
tor them to cash on Saturday evening
that being the only time at their disposal during banking hours; therefore be lt resolved that step! be taken
. to make lt Illegal for the payment of
wages otherwise than by cash.
The committee reported that the
subject matter of this resolution was
covered by Resolution 18, which had
been already adopted.
Resolution No. 44.—By Delegates
Shlbbetts and Christopher, representing Journeymen Tallore, No. 142, Victoria—Whereaa the. Only practical
method of identifying union workmanship Is by the use of the union
l*b*I, and whereas lt 1* felt by the
members of the Journeymen Tallore'
Union In this province that the union
memben of other crafts do not recognise the difference between clothing
mad* In union Shops snd that mad* In
non-union, therefore be it resolved,
that this B. C. Federation of Ubor ln
convention auembled endone the
principle of the union label generally
and with particular reference to the
Tallore' label, urge upon the delegates
to personally Insist upon th* label
when ordering clothing and Impress
upon the members ot their unions the
Importance of doing likewise.
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 47.—By Delegates
James Cuthbertson and P. Johnston,
representing District Association W.
F. M. No: 6—Whereu the Britannia
Mines Co. refused to allow union official! to visit their membership who
reside on company's property, for the
transaction of union business, and
whereas * board of conciliation and
Investigation which ..enquired Into thli
matter found ln favor of tbe union,
and whereas, although the union formally accepted these finding!, the company Ignored them and continue to
prohibit union officials from enjoying
those right! which thli board recommended tbey were entitled to; therefore be lt resolved that this association pledge Itself to support any reasonable action that the miners may
take to establish their claims to tne
cltlsenshlp and that In -tha meantime
this association pledge Itself to use Its
utmost effort to procure such legislation as will ensure to all men whose
occupation neceuitates residence on
company-owned property, the right to
belong to the union of their choice, to
be visited If they desire It by their
lawfully elected officers and to hold
auch meetings and tranuct such business as their needs demand.
Tbe committee reported favorably..
Resolution No. 48—By Delegates
J. Cuthbertson and P.' Johnson, re-
. presenting District Association W. F.
M., No. 6—Whereas the poitmaeter-
general contemplates the raising of the
postal ratei on newipapera, therefore
be it resolved that we request the
. memben of parliament for British Columbia to use their votes snd Influence
to prevent the pauage of mch legislation. ■ .'
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 49.—By, Delegate B.
D. Grant representing New eWstmln-
ster Trades and Labor Council—
Whereas constant complaints are being received of the robbery of unfortunate Jobless worken by employment
agencies, therefore be lt resolved that
this body* go on record as opposed to
the licensing ot any private agency
for the purpose of dealing In human
bodies snd hereby Instruct the Incoming executive to make special effort
to have private employment agencies
abolished In all the cities and towns
of this province and have municipal
bureau! established In their stead.
Delegate NORRIS—That resolution
to my mind Ii a very good one. I believe the olty of Vlotoria haa established an employment bureau.
Delegate McVETY—The city of Vancouver also had a municipal bureau
but lt wu discontinued.
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 60.—By Delegates
George Thomas and G. J. Kelly, repre
anting Longshoremen's Union No
38-52, Vancouver—WhereM the pres
ent method of transporting cement In
thin burlap sacks Is Injurious to the
health and often fatal to the life of tbe
worken, therefore be it resolved that
a law be demanded of the provincial
government compelling the manufacturers of cement to ship, their product
in dustproof sacks; and be lt further
resolved that In the event of failure to
procure auch a law organised labor as
represented by tbo B. 0. Federation of
Labor go on record u assuring the
worken in cement of their fullest co-
op*ratlon should said worken refuse
to handle cement u at present transported.
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 61.—By Delegates
Geore Thomas and G. J. Kelly, representing Longshoremen's Union No. 88-
62, Vancouver—Whereu from the
workera' point of view the Workmen'!
Compensation Act is little better than
a farce, therefore be lt.resolved that
the B. C. Federation of Labor appoint
a committee ot three to draft a compensation act such act If satisfactory
to the delegates to be presented to the
attorney-general at the close of the
Delegate McVETY—The resolution
committee duirei to refer thli reiolutlon to the executive committee but
does not agree that the Workmen's
Compensation Act Ib little better than
a farce. It is very considerably better
than that, Inasmuch u lt hu the Interpretation of the hlghut courts ln
the least snd every clause. It li admitted that lt doei not cover the whole
question—the longshoremen at the
preient time are only covered It working on the wharf—but at the ume
time the committee dees not wish the
Convention to go on record u condemning the act u little better than a
farce. Neither doei lt agree with the
proposal of the longshoremen to ask
the committee te draft a oompenutlon
act and submit it to the attorney-general. The policy of the Federation
should always be to tell the attorney<
general what this Fedentlon desires,
and expect him to put It before the
legislature. None of us could expect
to draft an act—any more than a longshoreman could expect to do linesmen's work.
The committee therefore desire to
refer this resolution to the executive
Committee's recommendation carried.
Resolution No. 54.—By Delegate*
George Thomu and G. J. Kelly, representing Longshoremen's Union No. 38-
52, Vancouver—Whereu a more comprehensive view of the conditions of
labor and lta needs are slowly permuting the worken and It Is becoming mere and more apparent that the
efforts hitherto applied for the welfare
of the workers are becoming obsolete,
therefore be lt resolved that the B. C.
Federation of Labor declare itself u
being In favor of industrial unionism
and that its executive board do all
its''power, to formulate method! to
cement the workers together and eliminate u far u Hot in- Its power the
petty divisions which at preient keep
the workeri apart.
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 68.—By. Delegates
George Thomas and G. J. Kelly, representing Longshoremen's Union No. 88-
62, Vancouver—Whereas -the worken,
If given a living wage do not heed
nor ask for charity, and whereu certain Institution* exist by masquerading under the guise of Christianity
which are In reality nothlis but employment and scab recruiting agencies,
vis., the Salvation Army, the Central
Millions, etc., and whereu such Institutions retard the unity ot Ubor, therefore be lt resolved that we denounce
such Institutions and call on labor
everywhere to beware of them, and
be it further resolved that the government be notified through the executive board of the B. C. Federation
of Labor tbat organised labor demands
that In future no more government
grant* be given to such Institutions.
The committee - reported favorably.
***.... (Carried.)
Resolution No. 64.—By - Delegate
J. McAllliter, representing United
Mine Workers' Union, No. 2299, Cumberland—Whereu th* Coal Mine*
Regulation* Act allows men to have a
checkwelghman appointed add whereas we want alterations to read "election by ballot" and whereu the men
have elected a ■ man by t ballot as
checkwelghman, therefore be It resolved tn*t the Coal Mines Regulation' Act read that- the said checkwelghman, having been duly elected by
ballot, cannot be removed from auch
position unless a ballot of the men be
taken, and a majority have declared
for his removal, unless it can be
proven that he has beeen guilty of
some offence under the law. -
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 66.—By Delegate
J. McAllliter, representing United
Mine Worker*' Union, No. 2299, Cumberland—Whereu tbe Coal Mine!
Regulation Act provide! that where
a checkwelghman hu been appointed
by tbe men, that he be provided with
full facilities; and whereu trouble hu
arisen ln the province of British Columbia as to what ts meant by facilities; therefore be lt resolved that th*.
word facilities shall mean equal opportunity with the company checkwelghman ln viewing th* beam and
suitable accommodation provided for
the necessary books or sheets of Slid
checkwelghman; and tbe Coal Mines
Regulation Act be amended accordingly.
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 56.—By Delegate
J. McAllister, representing United
Mine Worken' Union, No. 2299, Cumberland—Wheroas the Coal' Mines
Regulation Act provides where the
men are engaged lh producing coal
have appointed a checkwelghman, and
whereu the uld act provide* that a
sufficient amount pro rata ahall be
deducted from their wagu for payment ot auch checkwelghman, and
whereaa the act doei not provide that
thli money collected ahall be handed
to a committee, or a report given to
the men of income and expenditure,
therefore be It resolved" that the Coal
Mines Regulation Act be amended to
read that such monies collected ahall
be handed to a committee, the said
committee to be responsible to the
men for the careful handling of such,
and who shall make a report of such
to the men four times a year. <
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 67.—By Delegate
J. McAllister, representing United
Mine Workera' Union, No. 2299, Cumberland—Whereu the Coal Mines
Regulation Act provides that the men
ln the mines engaged in producing
coal, by a majority of such men by
handing ln their names, can have a
checkwelghman appointed, and whereas by this method of appointment men
can and have been discriminated
against, therefore he It resolved that
the Coal Minea Regulation Act be altered to allow men engaged In producing coal and being desirous ot having
a checkwelghman appointed by means
ot a ballot and a majority Of said minora voting In favor of auch, thli shall
be sufficient and the coal company
notified of such ballot shall immediately prepare a place for such
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 58.—By Delegate
J. McAllister, representing United
Mine Workers' Union, No. 2299, Cumberland—Whereu   the   Coal   Mines
Regulation Act calls tor men engaged
in the mines u certificated miners to
elect or have some of their memben
appointed* as gas committees, and
whereu the men ln Ladysmlth and
Cumberland have been electing men
oh uld gas committees, and as a result ot making true reports these
men have been discriminated against,
and as the minister of mines hu made
the statement that men being elected
or appointed on.said gu commltteees
not giving a true report ot their finding would be punished to the full
limit of the law, and whereu the
Minister of Mines has stated he can
do nothing under the circumstances,
therefore be It- resolved tbat he he
asked to amend the Coal MlneB Regulation Act to adequately protect men
who are engaged ln carrying tbe law
Into effect and giving true reports
whether elected or appointed.
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 68.—By Delegate A.
Rhodes, representing Electrical Workers' Union, No. 218, Vancouver—To
amend the Workmen's Compensation
Act as follows: The-word "Is used" In
Act 8, Sec. 2, undeh the bead of engineering shall be stricken out and
the following inserted: "and ail work
connected with the manufacture, transmission or distribution of electrical
energy and the operation of light,
power or telephone systems, and without restricting the generality of the
foregoing shall mean and Include all
work either for purposes of construction, alteration! or repalre; or In connection with the Inspection, maintenance or operation ot the plant or equipment or any portions thereof, used or
to be used for or in connection with
any of the above purposes; and In particular without restricting the generality of the foregone;, all such work ln,
upon or about any poles, trees, buildings, racks, trolleys, sub-stations,
power houses, generating plants and
manholes and underground places."
The committee reported favorably.
Resolution No. 60.—By Delegate
W.F.Dunn, representing Electrical
Worken' Unton, No. 218, Vancouver—
Whereu -It li a well-known fact that
private detective! and operative!, so-
called, are an Important factor la
creating distrust and dissension among
organised labor, and whereu we believe such detectives and operatives
are a menace to the peace and safety
of society al a whole; therefore be lt
resolved that the executive memben
of this Federation do press upon the
government the necessity of Incorporating the attached In the laws of this
"It shall he unlawful for any person,
persona, partnership or body corporate
to practice tbe calling of detective for
hire, gain or reward or to engage as a
detective or to render services lis a detective tor hire, gain or reward within
the province Of British Columbia; provided that thli act shall not apply to
any police or other nubile officer acting aa such.
'Any person guilty of a violation of
any ot the provisions of thli act shall
be guilty of an offence and shall be
liable upon conviction under the pro-
villous of the Summary Convictions
Act to a penalty not exceeding	
dollars, and ln default of payment to
Imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months."
The committee reported favorably
on the resolution and recommended
that it be referred to the executive
committee, and the report of the committee wu adopted	
Delegate JOHNSON—Before you
proceed to tbe next order ot business,
Mr. Chairman, I would like to state
the result of tbe Interview your special committee had with the Royal
Labor Commluion.
Delegate Jobnson read tbe following report of the committee:
Delegation to Rey*l Labor Commlulcn
To the memben of the special committee appointed in respect to the
Royal Commluion:
..Acting under your instruction! we
waited on the Royal Commluion and
advised them that this Convention
had appointed a special committee to
present to them the grievances of the
worken ln the province of British Colombia and to suggest such remedies
as, In the opinion of this convention,'
will alleviate or remove such grievances. The Royal Commission, who
were not occupied with any other
business when your delegates presented themselves, received us with
Tour delegates aiked the commission to arrange to receive the committee appointed by tht* Convention, in
Vancouver at a date not earlier than
the nrat week ln February, To this
the commission agree Sad will advise
both Delegates McVety and Dunn when
that session will occur,- Your delegation assured the Royal Commluion
that-it wu the conscientious desire ot
this body to find relief for the Ills with
whloh the working class Is afflicted
and trusted tbat the commluion would
approach their talk in a practical
rather than an academic manner.
We explained to the Commission the
economic position ot this Federation
In thli province, In fact definitely
stated by virtue ot lta affiliations that
lt wu the most important labor organisation ln the province and promised
to greatly augment Its numbers snd
Influence as times goes on. This gave
us an opportunity to Introduce the
matter of having the Commluion go
to Cumberalnd, lnveitlgate condition!
there and make an Interim report
and recommendation! u to condition!,
and how In their opinion the conditions that are wrong should be righted.
We advised tbe commluion u to the
opinion expressed by Mr. Parker William! relative to their powen and
your delegation vigorously urged that
H would be a good thing for the commluion at the beginning of Its labors
to do something that would Justify its
existence ln the eyes of that section
of the community whose experience
bu not made it over confident In the
virtue! of the Royal Commluion.   ■
Moved and seconded that the report
of the committee be received u one
of progress. - (Carried.)
Delegate WATCHMAN read the following report of the committee on
offloen' report. '
Report of Committee sn Officers'
To t»e officers and delegate* to the
B. C. Federation ot Labor:
We, your committee on officers' reports having carefully considered the
same wish to make the following report: that we endorse and commend
the report of President Wilkinson u *
whole, as a comprehensive and able
resume of the work ot the put year.
Re Secretary's report: We your
committee, recommend the adoption of
the aecretary-treuurer's report, and
endone the recommendation of the
secretary-treasurer re the recommendation to secretaries of local unloni,
that statistical records of all members
killed or Injured white engaged st
their employment,
Your committee recommend! that
th* question of financing local unlona
on strike be left to the discretion ot
the executive committee. We recommend the lecretsrystreuurer for his
able and comprehensive report.
Re executive board's report: (1)
Your committee regrets the attitude
adopted by the Dominion Government
toward! the representations made by
Vlce-Pres. MoVety, re the Lemleux
(2) Organising the timber lnduatry
—Your committee concur! lh the
action of the executive board
in extending financial usistauc*
towards the organising of the
timber , workera and recommend
that provision be made to enable Brother Heatherton to proceed to the convention of shingle
weaven to take place at Portland.
(3) Universal Working Card—Your
committee report! favorably.
(4) Unemployment—Your committee can recommend no feasible method
of dealing with thla evil while the
present social system continues.
(6) Compensation Leegislatlon—
Your committee reports favorably and
recommend that the matter be referred
to the executive board.
(6) ''8. C. Federatlonist"—Your
committee reports favorably and recommend the acceptance ot the offer
of the Vancouver Tradu and Labor
(7) Technical-education snd establishment of a Labor College—Your
committee resorts favorably and recommend that It be referred to the
executive hoard,.
(8) Better facilities for placing
names ot municipal electors on the
voters' list Your committee recommends the adoption of executive
board's report as s whole and commend the executive tor their exhaustive and comprehensive report.
A. WATCHMMAN, Chairman.
:     L. H. BURNHAM,
That section of the report dealing
with the president's report was on
motion adopted.
That section of the report dealing
with the secretary' report wu adopted
after considerable discussion u to the
advisability of the Federation extending financial assistance to unions on
Delegate MACDONALD wished the
paragraph tn the report dealing with
the question of timber workera to be
considered out of Its proper order,
It was moved and seconded that the
particular paragraph of the report
dealing with the question of timber
worken he next considered.
Delegate WILKINSON—The convention ot shingle weavers meets this
week. I.would point out to you that'
If the organisation of these timber
worken can be completed they win
be one of the strongest bodies affiliated with this Federation of Labor,
and any little expense we may lay out
now will be returned a hundredfold.
CHAIRMAN—The motion II that
the paragraph dealing with the organisation work of the loggers be now
considered. (Carried.)
Delegate Watchman read tbe paragraph In report dealing with the matter. . The committee reported favor
Delegate , HEATHERTON—I attended this Convention a year ago and
made representations to the B. C. Federation of Labor with reference to the
position of the timber workers, and
they asked me to make an attempt to
organise the lumber workeri at Vancouver. At that time I wai nominated for the Socialist party to represent them, and it wai not until April
that I waa able to take the matter up.
I wu In receipt of no salary, although the American Federation of
Labor had promised to donate a hundred dollars ln support of the effort,
and another hundred If I could get
enough members to be able to apply
for a charter. In two or three months
I got seventy memben, but what I wu
up against wu that there wen a great
many Americana working In the lumber camps at Vancouver, and they
could not see muoh use In Joining over
here, u In the Statu there wai no
union for them to tramfer to. I realised tbat we had to get auliiternation-
al organization ani on the advice of
Delegate Pettlplece and others we invited the president of the shingle
weavers to come to Vancouver and he,
promised to help us.
The shingle weavers are a small
organisation, but the loggers have a
great deal of respect for them, and
they realise that tt they were organised they could do eomethtng for them-
selves, as welt as tbe shingle weaven.
The logger wanted something permanent tt he once Joined. We have
taken the matter.up with the American Federation of Labor tb see if they
would give the shingle weaven per-
minion to amalgamate with the log-
gen, and they agreed. The ihingle
weaven decided to put tt to the organ-
tsen ot their body to organise the log-
gen permanently.
I have attended one meeting at
Buttle with the officers of the shingle
weaven.' In the meantime tbe Log-
gen have had two or three meeting!
themselves and have notified the
ihingle weaven that u soon as we
can get a charter they are prepared to
organise. While I realise that this Federation Ii not financially In a poiltlon
to do very much, If they could assist
me to go down there I would only be
too pleased to go.
Delegate McVETY—There Is a great
disutlsfaotlon In reference to the action of employment agencies and the
loggers have been taking cognizance
ef the successful resistance of the
methods of these sharks hy the shingle
weavers, and In one Instance—ln Aberdeen—they formed a union without
any outside assistance. I think there
Is no organization on the American
continent—for a small organisation—
that bu as competent a bunch of officers as that little organisation of
ihingle weaven at. Seattle, I think
we should do everything In our power
to furnish and assist the work that
hu been started] X think Delegate
Heatherton has been working for
about $5 a week since he started this
work and great Credit should be accorded him for sticking to this work.
I am going to move to amend the report of the committee which recommend! that provision be made for
Delegate Heatherton. to go. to Portland, by an immediate grant from this
convention of $50.
It wu moved add seconded that the
Convention grant (60 towards the ex-
peniei of Delegate Heatherton to attend the Convention at Seattle and
Delegate FISHER—360 will not go
far. I move In amendment that the
sum be Increased to 975.
Moved and seconded In amendment
that the amount be fixed at 176.
(Amendment carried.)
Delegate HEATHERTON-I wish to
thank the delegates for their response.
Convention adjourned to- meet at
1.30 p.m.
FOURTH   DAY—Afternoon   Seaaion.
Thursday, Jan. 16th, 1913.
Convention called to order by President Slverti at 1:30 p.m.
The following delegate* were absent
at the time of roll call.' Stoney, Kelly,-
Hogg, Reld, Burnes, Romanes, Martin,
Sherk Smith Haney, Oven, Mllllgan
Samson Christopher, Heatherton.
Delegate Watchman continued to
report tor the Committee on Officers'
Reports. '
Re Universal Working Card—Committee reported favorably. Moved
and seconded that report of committee
be adopted.
Delegate McVETY—In view of the
radical change thus proposed, 1 would
like to hear a synopsis by the chairman of the committee on some of the
discussion. I do npt think lt Is wise
at this time that we should pass upon
this without having at least a synopsis
of the committee's decision.
Delegate WATCHMAN—Mr. Chairman and Brothers: I might uy that
the lut Convention discussed this
thing so thoroughly, and the members
of the Committee on Officers' Reports,
realising the extent of the good thai
this thing would do, did not discuss It
at any length, became the majority
were ln favor of the universal working card. 1 do not think It is neces
sary for me to itate what baa already
been said in thli Convention In regard
to this matter. The committee was
unanimously In favor that lt be referred to a referendum vote.
Delegate GILLIGAN—I do not
think It li right the way things run
now. Thli mean* practically nothing
but an expression - of opinion at
present. I would like to Bee the executive take the matter up and endeavor
to form out some scheme.
Delegate MIDGLEY-At the lut
Convention a resolution was carried
endorsing the principle of the unlver
ul working card. It occurred to a
number of the Executive Board that
unleea the delegates going back from
the Convention gave a full and
effective support, lt would not reach
much further than the Convention, It
was suggested that we send out' a
circular tor the purpose of educating
our* membership on this question, but
it wu pointed out that a circular setting forth certain ideas would be read
and probably filed, whereu a referendum would necessitate a debate;
therefore the executive thought It advisable that the incoming executive
should submit this to a- referendum
Delegate PETERS—Thli matter
came up while I wai In New Weitmlmter. It a plasterer, or carpenter
or painter wants to work at plumbing
be can come before our board and
take the examination, and if he does
so and underetandSv sanitation ln a
thorough, competent manner, there
would be no objection to that man
taking a place With us at. all. But
the men to-day engaged In the plumbing trade are men who are studying
all the time for public health In general.
Delegate FISHER—I am proud to
say that the longshoremen have got
to that stage where they have the
privilege of transferring to any point
he wants to on bis card.
Delegate GRANT—I know a man
who has to hold three cards to keep
his living, and I know many have to
oarry two and pay two fees. The
United Mine Workers of America
have established this within themselves, snd I do not know of anyone
who haa objected to the pri