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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 7, 1913

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Jhk    Ufa
INDUSTRIAL :13li!^:WtlsVa«iTH.:
h com
'-  Wo.-fflti. Watch your, addwy yab^t
' v*ANGO^]s^B...e;$^^
r 'iiif»':)ia&Si**ii»'ln' Van-,
i jt iir. j^urd* :'«■£•* .fl^dNfat
f i haw tua.1 ulna worimu know
it there li a itrlfa gulag oil at the
mat momat of th* halibut fl»h*r
^"■■'..' ;':^::*r ■','-'.   ""'•" ;'
A sat* aaiwer  to tha flnt query
wouM be "A good many," aad to thl
"HboM, "Oaly afiw."?.-■'        :
A itrlke of halibut Miimin haa
bu* on itaei  laat Herea-ber lMv
Up to that ti«M the halibM fl*h*rm*n
had been paid oat cut p« pound tor
ill fish eauiht by thim. Thl* la thi
prio* which hu b*u   '"
•evu yean, end tha
for a riu to on* aid *
pound with the mult
ago to*
Previoai to uvea year
fishermen pot twinty-fivi
each nsh eaupht, whether,
itnall. Than an two not
anttlnp vessels out of Van;
New Bnpland «ih Co. and thl
dlan Flihlag Co. At New Wutmia-
•tar thiAic. Packers' AModation U
- the only arm larolvad. The boats on-
eratlnp from Vaaoouvir Include an
•tMBin eatrylnp twiiva aoriM each;
aad Are guollu sckooosrs earryiap
•lit to; itpht doriia each." The dorln
. an Mp.boati, wldi on tk* bum, for
tho parpoco of riding roughwaa, aad
two men work from each boat whilst
fishing. Whs* the fishing-ground Is
reached, thT*>rr la lowered whilst
the tteamrf ataOsni ma* a UtUe to
tacHttatalawilap. The. taokle for
lowering la tnd to hooka at each end
of tkndory, and the luitaat th* dory
ache* tko whter Hm msa ptd ho
ck u * luh to unhitch the tackle.
. Mom-rttat** a-mu •• aay * mlajudg* the
eiaet moowBt, with the poirtble result that: both he and hli mate find
themulvu In tha an, with a ehanoe
ot beiop diOwaed for the lake of try-
-, (np to mike a Uvlap catching halibut
. for a c*«* » gonad.  Booh thlaps ire
' ty no meaa* nn and the AiaocuMn
can Ull el ditsjw of deeds ol idrpu*
inp keroiim performed Just u a matter of oound by there hardy tollers
. of tha u*..'-"
Tho ohlef flitting pnuada for the
•>nsdlai hoata an Capo Scott, at the
: extreme earthen eaa of Vancouver
Wind, the Oooie Wand groandi still
tinker* north, aad Kom Bptt which Is
th* favorite spat. During tie winter
the Ssk fa te tb* deeper water, ud
tk* boats an often toned to nek
sksikfr tor dan te*r*th*r from thi ter
rtWMiw which hart thumlre* oo
of Vaamrer toot the jrear. """
DC, the
men apeak"of "skate!" of trawl dr.
"ikatea" of pear. Each dory carrlM
from ill to iliht "ikatw,- and when
the dorter leave tha ship these
•'ikatei" are all batted and nady to
•at,.. -
Th* m*n who are on strike are
members of the Halibut Puhermen'i
Union of the Pidfle, which hai
branchei In several dttu, Including
Seattle and Vancouver, from both.of
whloh porta the min an no* oa
strike. They an likely to be afflliated
with tha Vancouver Tradei and Labor
Council at an aarly data. In tho mi
time, any union man who knowi that
• strike li point on,, ihould not need
mon than thli hint to enable him to
decide how much halibut he la point
to eat until the halibut fishermen arc
able to lay the trouble is sittlid to
i-tJUr utlataetioa. And Incidentally,
_ ^Jflrhen you vl* your favorite haih
foundry, and the ministering lylph
'ihould any that they are'not able to
fget halibut, donl grant, ]uit' laugh,
aad say yoa hops they won't be able
to pat any till the itrtk* ti uttled.
aad itthtf Maaoo
dial tha life of tka
*« at all Ubm
^VednMday, Jinuary ftth .
. Tha ehlaf Intanit today hip lit Bar
tar Williams'criticism of thi way tho
Government his acted in tha paat on
the auditing business of the Province.
Tha opposition had pointed out yean
ago that an audit wu neceieary, and
no* things hid pot so slack even the
Government had woke up to it
■He wu, glad to w* that the glut-
toaoiii raid* on* th* trauury by favor-
Reiterate be stopped: In year* gone
or the prm hied to exercise restraint
on then), but now they wanted a share
along with the nit, He would iup-
port the bill
Private bill! referred to Private Bill!
Committee: To Incorporate Paclflo
Coait ttsualty Company; to tnoorpor
ate elif of Armstrong; Municipal Improvement Act (Bowser) read flnt
lime; *<HtU Service Bill, reported pro-
|MI.",.:    '?---.'■,
Thureday, January 30th,
The gaa factory wai awfully dull today. The Civil Service Act, Attachment of Debts Act, Distress Act, Provincial Museum Act, and Auditor-
General Act wound their dreary way
through committee of the whole, and
the funeral adjourned after an hour's
'#*.'■._?;..' '
,..,     Friday, January Slit.
At laat it came, and waa dliposed of
as follows: "-
Moved by Williams and seconded by
Place—    .
Whereaa, for a period of five months,
t*&"_*_?£6_*& MawyasK !^^^«yr^
Hiinui*in f«3t^*»tu flihiog
gear called ttawl*. The trawl II a
long groaad Haa, about tho. •»*».of
clothao-Uaa rope, with abort "gangln1
lines hung on it The tig halibut
hooks an bant oa.to tha "ganglni.''
he hooki an halted with herring,
The ground line of the trawl Is about
r*"i fathomi long add carriei about
>H hooka. The tnwl ll not colled
down ln a tub or a baiket, u Esstern
fishing traditions lay It haa alwaya
haw colled down since the flnt Olott-
enter flihing Tonal brought tha flnt
quintal! or fish from tha banka of
Nawfoundland. But on the Pacific
Coast, from Cape Flattery to Behrlnp
8oa, tar a itrange reason that no flsh-
emun knawi, o» foe no mion it all,
It ii cofiad 'do#B-.Ja'i.#-*-il(at«," or
rather two "hUtn." A "rtpto" is a
dlimoai ot canvai anaaed Uke the fiat
flih cslled a ikate, with a rope's eod
.rovi into each claw. Tha coll of
tra*l la placed between tha two, and
tied *lth tho rope1! ends. The fliher
And whereas, uid strike or lockout
hai resulted In much hardship and
flhinctil loss to mine . workeri and
nther citlsens of Cumberland and
And wbereii, by reason of this
closing a shortage of. fuel exists In
Victoria and Vancouver;
"And whereas, the mlnen believe the
question at issue Is one affecting the
safety ot their own lives In the mlnee;
the attempt .which hai been made in the OM Cooatry to oohple the or-»
ganlsed labor mowmeat of Canada with the election trtcp naval policy of'
the Tory fortrnment of Canada, hu brought forth a statement of the views
• of organised labor In Canada from the "becutlye of tad Trades aid Labor
Congress of Canada,   Followlnp 11 the full text of 'thrawir'ient to tha
"Dally Oltlien" prefaced by thi commenti «f thit newtpMor aa follows:
"In the letter given halo* Mr. 3.0. Witters, on behM of the Canadian
Tradei and Labor Conprm, itatn the attitude of organUed labor In the
Dominion toward! tha offer (tail* by the Canadian government to preient tha
Mothir Country three battlnhlpi Mating SWW,WO. > '! ■*&'
"Tho offer has caused a pnat beating of Imperlalilt tom-toms. It haa
been taken^ rapreeant tha united sentiment of Canadian!.
"Mr. Wittan dlipali the Illusion. Tha offer 11 nothing mon than a
party mora, .:'..■ rip-■'  ' ",\ ■ .
■ "Organlied labor *ln Canada, Mr. Wattan polnti out, la Mldly afalnrt tha
ipreid of jingoism aad tha irmimmt* cmo, ' v :'
'' "Unfortunately tha Canadian labor man have not, ae yet, a dlnct vote
in the Dominion parllamant, bat thur art anxious towage part in'a united
ampin labor movement In fav6r ot peaoe.   ', - -g
* "Brltlih jlngolsts have exploited tha cotonlH mon ttan enough. It li
tlmr to show that the British faoples ovetaea in not thl Woodthlnft rufflini
they an oftea niada out to oa." '_%&*' -'"•>,'"
J. 0. Watun, Pmldent of thelaaUonal *o-*l*8*claai
Ttadia and Labor Conpnai of Canada, the possibility of wir
wrlt«i to thi■ Cltiain a^-toUowi: :'<..
In reply to your comataUeatiea nt-
aUv* to the proneaad gift of battleships by tha Dominion to the Hothar
Country, it wm beat iarva the puTpoae
of all concerned U provide you with
a itatamont'at facU defining the position of tha Tradei and Labor Congress
of: Canada thenon.'. -";:;-.::-" ' ■
- At each sucoeedlng oonventlon for
tha lilt five,yean the poipnur hai
urged thai, Unce threipltaUiU of the
world oreate wan, the capitalists themselves should do the lighting. Al tha
Quebec oonventlon of 1804 a strong
tlspluOon , endonlhg ■-: International
peace and pledging the Congress to
Work for the aataUMament it
between the people of clvillied countries wai carried unanimously. At tha
following convention In Port William
this attitude wai reafflrmed, while at
the Calgary Convention of 1811 as a
further means ot preventing war, a
resolution ln favor of the general
strike wai alio unanimously adopted.
•"■ At the lime oonventlon a resolution
calling torn* closer afflllatlon and a
mon -definite connection With the
workers ln the other parti of the Empire with Canada is a means ot counteracting the baneful effect! being pro-,
duced by the so-called Imperialists In
tppeallnp to the sentiment of the people In order to cloak the Ignoble purpose behind It, that of profit-bringing
r-ihls to be secured by. an exchange of
fraternal delegates—was also unanimously adopted. At the Ouelph oonventlon of,the preient year, 1112, by
adopting the report of the executive,
the Congress la atlll further committed
to the establishment of International
peace by lnltrueting Its ejocutlve to
get In touch with the officials ot the
organised labor movement In Great
Britain tor tbe purpose ot jointly directing the energies ot the worken In
Great Britain and in Canada to prevent
the-spread of the'lingo fever'and to
avert tbe unspeakable horrort of war.
In addition to being pledged-to worlt
tor the establishment of International
peace, the Congress ll also opposed to
any naval policy being put Into effect
ln Canada before the people through a
referendum vote, decide, first, whether
a navy should be established, and iec-
ond, what the naval policy ahould be,
At no time, however, iai the Con-
Therefore b» it resolved, S^i«™*L^^^^^
lis House, the Govern-
the opinion ot thi
ment should immediately take steps
to determine whether the questions at
Issue, are questions of safety ot the
life of the mine worken.' !
What happened?- Mr. Speaker looked at It, hesitated, and finally suggested laying It over till Monday. Being
no chicken, Williams promptly ob-
lected to the delay; up comes Sir
Dick, with an opinion that while he
wai, not opposed to the discussion,
(Continued on pipe i\
Hot only an tiff
Wo, but thty firo
anion made, tnd no
nnion  nuui
wdflf gajr oihw Mitt
Tho fart that thoy
■it nnion mad*
proTtt that thty an
wtU mado, and tha
■ana "Fmbody" ii
yonr quality funn-
m ■}■
- tJOHPABI THEM—Note tho fit, yardage, number
of pocket*, finish, ate. Then'* no other overall that
can hold a candle with thorn for good value*.
LOOK AT TBI JACKETS—They m equally
good. Not* thofasBtletonUi, and the uniform band
collar, and then you'll bo satisfied then'* only one
good Jacket, and that'* th* on* made by Peabody.
For Sal* mt the
Hudson's Bay Stores
al armaments by the Brltlih Empire ai,
a means of defence against the possibility of aggressive action by one or
more highly-developed powers,- even
though such a possibility li very, re-
workeri In Canada la, u far aa lt la
possible to- iudge from, the sentiment
In evidence at the convention, that lilt
In proportion to the spread of education, and the crystallization of Inter-
_. _ further
and further la the beokgrouai until tha
human race hu marched id far iwly
from savagery and tn the directldn ot
a*41ghar humanity that ta* relic of
iivigery, the poislhillty ef human
butchery, dignified by thi name of war,
can never again overtake the human
iamiljv' . '-.,''•'...")',■;:■   -■■%■• '.-  .-
Apart from a referenduin (rote of tht
workeri In Canada there li no meadi
of ucertainingiwit- what, thr sentiment Ii with ngMrto lii proposed
tction .of tha government in making
thts gift to Great Britain with the con-
dltlons attached, tt Is qnlje possible
that the majority of the workers, see
lu thli icUon in added guarantee of
i«ot only preserving the tatltrlty of the
Empire, but of insuring ae world's
peace. Others, again, may Wpport the
propoaed action otthe govarnmeht on
the ground that no .nam Mil reault
from being prepared for and eventual-
1ty,( while all the machines manufactured tor the destruction of human lit*
will be useless when the day arrive*—
and It Is rapidly drawing near-*nin
th* hands of the irorkeri refuse to sit
these machine* ia operatic*, as a 4ar
mlt of the iwikenlng ind growth of
worklng-claai Internationalism.
On the othir hand, It li very probable 'luir 'he orerwbelmhp '
of the workers'la opposed to tha expenditure-of money for puifou of further armament, as a protest mainly
sgiimt the spread of Jingoism and militarism.
Had we tn Canada a parliamentary
group of labor representatives In -the
Dominion house such is you hive In
the Brltlih house the answer to tha
government would be made ln no uncertain tones. 8uoh an answer, we believe, would he consistent with the attitude of the labor representatives in
both Great Britain, Germihyiand other European nations, toward* the expenditure of mon*y in arhwnants.
.--With the ripe experience acquired
by the labor group In the British house
not alone In domeitlc. attain but In
the world'! politics, jgpuld it not be
well to give ui In Canada the benefit
of your experience V advising how
we can best co-operate with you tn
maintaining the word'a peacef
' The workers of Canada desire to
lend their quota of assistance to the
organised workerB of the world In ushering ln i better day, md no more
practical way suggests Itself than to
co-operate closely with our working
comrades ln the Mother Country.
Auurlng you of our earnest desire
to co-operate with you, and with best
AM *»U «ITTIN« votm '•■.
If pott doat' lot th* matter
drift,.   "'.-'.,:'    ■
Drop a poat card to "B. 0.
F*d*r»tloni*t,* Room 110, Ubor
Timple, giving partlculiri of addreu aad troutw. .-.-.*..
It might aot b* the Bdltora
fault, altbouph there li ao reason
why yoa should ait blame him^a
■eneral prlnelplM If ba wai a
man It would bi different, but being *a editor, win—. -
najD Ybdiwiv nmht
Ubor Timple, »ab. 4th, 1*1*.
Th* regular n«aUng of the Council
w** «gO*d to ordir thla evening at I
p.m, Jraildeat Behaoo In thi chair.
MlattW of pravioti meettnp approved alter ooireotlOBi betnp mad*
In Uit of Moldari' credentials, aad
contrlhaslon ot Tailors   to   striking
Utreet.IUUwaymio, V. HUgh,
Ctvlci toptoyaaTj. McBeth.
AmaL Carpeatera, D. Morgan.
Baaare, .8,'ChiMit*. .• :..
TMoitan, A. Thomas.
-Oanaeat WortNn, Mies McCrae aad
Tile-lay*tl, T. A. Orey.
Flumban,' C. L. Bonander.
■    Communloatlona
Prom Moore Carnival Commltte*
liking endorsatlon of carnival.
; Motion: That litter be Had, and
Carnival Committee notified that
Counoll bar not yet endorsed carnival. •■-'' '■■-•.',■
Kr     Exioutlvi Board Report
""■• Room 110, Jan. 17th, 191S.
-A apodal meeting of th* Executive
Oenmltte* was called by Preaident
Beuon thlaeyenlnp at 8 p.m. Preient:
Bennn, 8ully, Manson, Hoover, Camp-
b*H, Foxcroft, Mldpley, Trottea WU-
Wot the time being th* flght
to ba won.- Thi dty coaaell la fun
session lut Monday alght ahaagad th*
wage ciaue In the prepoaad agraa-
ment between thi CKy and Oaaadtu
Northirn Railway, aad. the olfie aot
aayi that th* a N. R. la to pay, or
cause to be paid lo Mont* the tma\
wagaa tor tb* s*m* boon aa are paid
te laborer* worUn* for the dty. U
b***ri working tor tk* •*** *r* P*ld
f* tor eight hour* work. . ■', ,\
-. That does not ana that all po*d-
MUty ot trouble I* o**r. 0* tk* c«-
trary It mean* that tha worker* will
hav* to keep kMk ant epta to •**
thit they ire aot difadMby • '
sharp trickery of 0*0*1. *. ■':
The qaeatlon aria**; "Rappoaa tha
C. N. R. refurei to pm tii » tor
sight houn whan ttt work «t*rte op,
how can they be mad* to parr Wafi,
there li a penalty dau«* la th* agn*-
atwt whereby th* 0. N. R. matt pat
up a satlitactory bond to th* city before the bed of lali* Creek li piva
over to thm* hy th* dty.     -, ;
That 'toad ha* to' b* pot ». I» ensure the carrytag oat of tb* ftenu of
thdragreementhy thatt N.*jL
Th* «*g*e of tha teboton Mo oeo
ot th* Mm* ot tk* agriwuht, **d if
UtU*/wond*r'tk*t tke law**r
irtO. N. R.
id aMght, brt ao meattea      	
Wl'te th* Maker •Tkoare tbo MW
•a*a hire )o work ax that aMMfc>*
id*r that tb* lawiar at «•*
ftP.Darki madiaortd*g';.
Thia Aid. Runny got up *ad Mdwl
the qaattte* of hMra, tad «MHr aWUt
m»ia, follow**d a .realtr-'ddHdta* ..
hour qnwttoa had been dshati* tet
sopw ttrn*. tadhoMtMoMtlatth*
feelln* of th* ao*** w** totap that
way, he altered hia motion to tartrt*
tk* light houn. ■-■!■"
Cltlmately a motio* pnvalM •*«
tkeC,R R. shUH pwor oiart*,      •
,pald th* earn* ret* •».WfJ»J»
for eight houn, ttt d^ooanall aaaltia & N. R: will try to
bringthem totereiiby &bead ojhW
tkjy.,*rtn ,ta*dd^tkrt'to¥t*ip-^^
k**p their eyes wide oon aad da aof
•laca-ca that pttaL
let the Council faU,
OtherwUe they will
iMatatJoni     i7'.". (*-*
Wttalki famous "dure |»" cam*
up on Monday night the significant
stlenca which prevailed la tk* coundl
chamber waa tvlaeaae of the fait
that the dime wai of more thin palling moment, md waa not going to ba
paired as It read.  A little	
mumbling took plaoa,
same boar* *■ ato^pald
thit li, tl for Ifcoan.
ter **drtat th*t *o te ** the
li MthAp*d,f  :■.''.'■■
llttw reaalaa to be
ratepayan wt**It
After that, If tk*
dbr^eooMB aa tea C K. R. will try tetnah tkawm*
 dure, aad If they do ttttbar tt* .
council wOI miki thsm Uv* Op to It,
In th* ooondl
Woodslde roil aad moved thrt a wipe otherii
   __ 'of''tj***'.''
1-rmdw and Ubor ConaeO aad tb* '
arte BmptaNiC fhioa, who-witehil
th* eaUce at aomt oTthe «frl«sdMl,
labor" with ipniwt f*g *M*iTSI>
them, but ably dkpMt te atfcM*.
It proved coocladrelf taatm'4».:
last aailydi tha only friaada tb* «*•*>
ere have in thimidr**, dad H immt
be «dl ttat thoy should resa«*b*r
that fact when they ban foipettea «H:
The Preildent explained that he had
called the- meeting at tha request of
dtlagatei from Ave unloni, for tbe
purpoee of considering what acl
could be taken to safeguard the In-
tenet* of the workmen who will be
employed on the filling In ot False
Creek, as outlined in the sgremunt
between the city and tha C. N. I,
Recommended: That we condemn
the agreement unlet* a clause calling
for the payment of 13.00 per day of
eight hour* lor laborer! Is Inserted,
Th* Secretary wu Initructed
mote. The viewpoint of the organised Jirishes'for the continued growth and
usefulness ot your organlied. labor
movement, both industrially and politically,—Fraternally youri,
(On behalf of the Executive Coundl.)
We have fed you all for a thousand
,'yeirii'•.';■' ..        •-.
And you hall ua still unfed,
Though there's never a dollar of your
But marks the workers dead.
We have yielded our-best to give you
And you He on a crimson wool;
For, If blood be tbe price of all your
Good God I we ha' paid It In full.
There's never a mine blown skyward
But we're burled .alive for you;
There's never a wreck drifts shore-
wird now
But we ire Its ghastly crew.
Go reckon our dead by the fojges red,
And the fictorlei where we spin;
It blood be the price of your cursed
Good Godl we hi' paid it in full.
We hive fed you all for a thouiand
For that was our doom, you know;
From the diy when you chained ui
In your fields
To the itrlke of a week ago.
Vou ha' eaten our lives md our babies
md wlvei,
And we're told tt'a your legal ahare s
But If blood be the price of your lawful wealth, ,
Good God! we ha' bought It fair.
Striking Garment Workeri Miy Apply
A farmer In Alberta hu written to
the striking garment workere ln New
York, asking them to choose him.a
"I would like to marry one of the
strikers," ran his letter, which was
read to a mus meeting of the feminine strikers yesterday at Ubor temple
by one of their leaders.. "There must
be some good wives among the thousands of workers out on strike. H*N,
where I live, there li nothing but
married women ind children. I am a
lonely bachelor, 45 yeara ofege, and I
would not object to a widow of 30 with
two children. I am ilx foot tall, weigh
200 pounds, md hive not ■ mirk or a
The letter signed by Thomu C.
Moore, wu received at the union headquarters, and the officials delegated
Miss Rose Gratt to read lt She had
been in the thick of the strike from
the start, having once been arrested
during a riot In' Harlem. The letter
wu received with shouts of enthusiasm, and tt wu uld a special committee would be appointed to pus on
the merits of volunteer!.
, Jerome on Liber Unrest.
The unrest of Labor la the healthiest
sign of the age. Blind In Itself and
maddened by Injustice, Ubor cm, Uke
Samson of old, shatter the temple ln
Its despair, bring the whole social
stuoture down In ruin md ln duit.
But, given hope, lt will build up, not
destroy, myself, I have no fear ot
Ubor, I see a body of men realising
the vastness of the power that has
dome into their hands, and recognising
the duties and responsibilities that lt
involves—determined to claim for
themselves no mora than Justice md
expediency demand; grasping the interdependence In every clvillied state
ot class upon class—wishful, as one ot
thilr leaders, ln language thit other
political partlee might do well to leirn,
has said, to regard themselves u citlsens first ind ■■ memben of thli or
thit particular notion ifterwirdi. The
social revolution hu got to come.
The duty ot every thinking nun li to
help to prepare the wiy for lt—that lt
may com* upon us, not armed with
mgar and with haired, but clothed In
reuon, bearing promise In lta hand.—
Jerome K. Jerome.
Sundsy, Fib. t.
Stage Employees.
Monday, Feb. 10.
Glus Workeri; Uthers; Electrical Workers, No. 218; Halibut
Fishermen; Bro. of Carpenters;-
Amal. Engineer!.
Tuesdiy, Pah. 11..
Sign    Palntera;     Shinglers;
Pressmen;   Amal.   Carpenten;
Stone Cutters; Brlcklayen.
Wedniidiy, Fib. it
Stereotypers;   Cement Worken;    Marble   Cutter*;    Amil.
Carpenters; Street Rallwaymen;
Plumbers; Stationary Englntln,
Thursday, Fib. 11.
Birbers; Horseshoers; Mirble
Cutters'    Helpers;     Palntera;
Sheet Metal Worken; Machinists.
Friday, Fab. 14.
Structural Iron Worken; Parliamentary   Committee;   Floor
Saturday, Feb. 1J.
Dr. Brydona Jack, chairman of tke
Vancouver ichool board, daHverad a
.ecuire on "Technical HdueaUoo" in
-no Labor-Temple,January 10th, under'
tk* auspices oi the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council. _
' Th* doctor made all Mbject Inter-
eating, and lt wu evident that he had
maoe patient md careful study of the
question. During the course -of in
uuun address he uid, among many
Jther things:
'i'he subject of technical education
-Motion: That request for a spool*!
meeting of the Tradea   and   Ubor
Coundl be not needed to.   Carried.
Meeting adjourned* p.m.
Proceedings ot meeting concurred
Room 110, Labor Temple,
v-, Feb. StB, Mil.
Th* regular melting of the Executive Committee wai called to order
at 1 p.m., the following memben being present: Benson, Bully, Mldgley;
Minion, Foxcroft, Hoover, Wilkinson.
-."*..   Communication.
From W. M. Dennles, asking leave
of absence from'Council meeting of
Fab. «h. Referred to Btatiitioim.
Concurred in,
From Muslolins' Union, acknowledging action of Coundl ra unfair or
oheitru of Meun. Franklin ' and
Williamson. Recommendation. Filed.
Concurred In. i
From City Clerk, acknowledging receipt of our letter re WIgei md houn
of laboren Involved In False Creek
agreement. Recommendation. Hied.
Concurred ln.
From Ubor Commission, ahnouno-
ing their sittings at Vanoouver. Court
Houu, March 7th and following days,
Recommendation. Filed, and brought
to notice of committee appointed to
appear before Commluion on behalf
of Council.   Concurred.In.      ■
From Musicians' Union, asking for
further Information re sittings of
Ubor Commluion. Recommendation.
Filed.  Concurred in.
From' J. E. Wilton, Typographical
Union, ashing tor committee to be appointed from Council to co-operate
with him and othara for the purpoie
ot gathering evidence u to condition
of employment In ihope, offices, hotels,
ate, to be presented to Ubor Commission it Itl next sitting. Recommendation. Referred to Council. Uld
over to New Business.
From Buttle, ra tallore being Imported from Brattle. Recommendation. Referred to Tailors' Union.
Concurred In.
From Board of Works, acknowledging our litter re paying of 11.00 per
day for. city relief work. Recommendation.   Filed.  Concurred In.
■III! Recommended far Payment.
Ubor Temple Co., for rent 131.00
Vincouver Province Printing Co.  2.10
World Ptg. ud Pub. Co    1.76
Oranvllle Stationery Co 90
V. R. Mldgley, expense! u dele-
gate to B, C.  Federation  of
Ubor  10.00
Concurred in.
Prom Y, R. Mldgley, enclosing check
for MOD for 5,000 shares tn "B. C.
Federatlonist, Ltd." Recommendation: That communication be received
and Coundl allot 5,000 shares to B. C.
Federation of Ubor. The Trustees-
of B. C. Federation of Ubor, u
named ln the communication, are:
J. Kavanagh, A. Watchman, and C.
Slverti.  Concurred In.
Motion: Thit we hold our future
meetlni it 7.S0 p.m. on meeting nights
of the Coundl, unless business of un-
usual Importance Is to be transacted,
In which case, Preildent and Secretary shall arrange for special meetings.   Cirrled.
A delegation from Civic Employees
appeared before the committee md
aiked thit Council uie lta Influence
iln conjunction with Civic Employed
to have Board ot Works give prefer
ence to Union Ubor. Recommendation: That request be granted. Concurred in.
The Secretary wu Initructed to
obtain flom the City Solicitor a copy
of thi re-drafted wage cliuie In propoaed Falae Creak agreement
(Continued on Pig* 4)
education that it la somiwnat difficult
to determine Just where to start and
where to md; moreover lt la a subject
Much hu engaged tbe attention of
may educationalists, scientists ud
jtuefs of different natlonallllea, anl so
.ar apparently than I* a wide diver
gence of opinion u to the beat muni
jf prosecuting thl work.
The question u to whether lt ll advisable even hu been debated, alio
whether continuation schools, night
schools or separate technical schools
would beat further the object which
many consider desirable to attain.
Practically speaking, technical training ii in education for Industrial pur
pom. Generally speaking, though,
the termi manual training. Industrial
education, technical education, and
vocational education are uud, ind
each term hu lta special manning aad
conveyi a definite Imprauloa u to
what li meant.
It li widely recognised that In any
system of primary and secondary education both tha hud and th* brain
ahould be trained to act together aad
be of mutual aeslitaace, ud In order
to obtain the but results are mut. take
into consideration tbe physical dda
ot education, tha national and collective advantage which Is derived from
tha healthy aad Intelligent upbringing
ot the children and youth of tke
people, ud the urgency ot the need
(or better and more lyitemittc training for thi dutlu ot dtlMOihlp, md
for bom* making and family claim*-*
training which muat conilit of a sufficiently long coun* of liberal education, blended toward! lta end with the
practical dutlu ot lift, whether in tbe
workihop or th* horn*.
Urge numbers of young people of
Immature mind and Incomplete training, without secure possession of the
essentials of i general education, drift
Into temporary occupation! that load
nowhere, and when old enough to en-1
ter upon torn*
they have lut through dam* matt 1
what they learned at eoboal, ajl ft*
«*utly hav* aoqnlred a habit at Irregular appUeation that gresUly lta-
pedre their further progreu. pi.
.We have amy reuba. to i*U*tf.
that within th* nur future it I* tbo
intention of th* goveruaut to utib-
llih technical schools In BritJab Oolwa-
bia, but we are unable at tk* preuat
Urn* to giv* you aay detail*. I believe they are waiting qattt tbo report
of th* commlMlo* oa tiihKMl aebaela
lurther Inquiry Into th* (abjaet
There li a diittecUM b*tw**a tnd*
school! ind Wchaical acaoola. ' Tk*
technical ichool Is Intended to broaden
the knowledge of th* principle* of respective - tradu or employment,
thereby tending to Increae* tbe
efficiency of th* workere, to shorten '
ths houn of work, ud to lncreue tbe
rite of wagei.
Tha trade school ihould be, to a
certain extent, under th* inpervUloo
ot union ,repre*snt*ttvu, ud ia thia
way than would b* very little danger
of their furnishing ikllled workmen
tor th* varloua tradu In number* nt-
flclently large to affect the labor mer
ket and thus bring about a lowering
of wipe*.
Th* union representatlvu should '
hare opportunities to watch the atat*
of tk* market,** to tke number *f persons employed ia virloui trad** and
the possible danpara ot too urty aad
too definite' specialisation la Mbool*.
Thl* cm only ba don* by kuptap ta
touch with trade requirement*, by the
help of employer! md trad* anlcaieto.
The hoard hu dUcuued tho 4**e- -
tlon And hu oven gone ao far aa to
pom ruolutlon* rupeetlng in «dvti-
ory commltte* to tb* board, eoadetlag
of representatives from tk* Tiadu .
and Labor Coundl, Board of Trade,
md btktr representative uudeftoag,
to lulat tbem la their work, bat nothing definite has u yet bun done, be-
emu than I* no provision ln the act
for the utibUibmrat of neb aa *aV
vlsory board, and while it wu fdt
that much benefit would mult ln tak*
Ing tuch course, It wu deemed but to
postpone definite action ponding
proper legislative power.
1 feel that I cannot clou without advising you to study the admirable recommendation! of the commluion ot'
1(112 on technical schools In Manitoba.
They are u follows:
(Continued on pipe four)
Ask Your
Look for tht
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Wm. J. McMafter fie Sons, Ltd.
1176 Homer Street, Vancouver, B.C.
Wholesale Dry Good* andjlgenli fat tho Manufaclurtrs.
■  I
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The Royal Bank
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Published weekly by The B. C. Feder-
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the B. C. Federation ot Labor, with
which Is affiliated IS. 000 organised wage-
Weal OMee    •    Taaeonver, ».0.
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The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed tn it
by the people, and It Is always
ready and willing to extond every
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-fear asooaat very oordlally
.    solicited.
mr a-aawcataa
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and Cambie Sts.
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affeota your future welfire
ahd happiness as thrift and
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thought you muat realize it.
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446 Hastings St West
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the Be. mmm
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f It studs ior all that Union
r Studs for.
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FALL *» A 1 J
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-Patty ot Labor) the hope of the world."
"/ PAPER. If this number Is on It
your subscription expires next Issue.
For hot, many thousands ot years
there has been some form of working claas organization, lt would be
impossible to tell.
The struggle of the "haves" and
the "have nots" would appur—from
what we can gather ot history after
eliminating the names of royal persons and the dates ot battles—to be
a very old one, Indeed.
In all ages, the world'B feeding
seems to have been closely associated
with lta fighting, and Is still largely
ib, We keep the product! of the
super-clvlljsatloii of our ancestors In
museums, lest those things should be
damaged by the super-savage methods
which we as an Improved race find
neceasary to the begetting of sustenance.
Religion, Art,' Science, and Literature are all among the things that
matter, but only tn a secondary or
subsidiary way; and whatever 1m'
portance they may have vanishes as
the mist before the morning sun, In
face of the Titanic struggles of men.
for tbe bread that perliheth.
Man cannot live by bread alone.'tls
true,- but If he should be a workman,
the nei-essary variety Is supplied ln
the course of his efforts to Und a
chance of earning it. So lt would
ever seem to have been. But as the
organised' hewers of wood and drawers, of waiter in this yur of grace, it
Ib not essential that we should inquire' at this moment into what our
forbears did In the way of labor organisation In the daya when all the
world's wealth came from handicraft
The Industrial" system ln which we
live, and the labor organisations to
wblch We belong, are the direct outcome and growth ot. the mechanical
age of Industry. The close of the
18th century wltnesled Improvement!
ln machinery which turned the quiet
banks of purling streams Into noisy
hives of busy life ud commerce.
Close on the heels of that came the
mighty all-conquering monitor Steam,
bearing ln its train the factory system wjilch has done more to mate
nations what' they are than ever did
books of Holy Writ. Tbe Factory
with fortune for muter, md ilivery
from morning iun till dewey eve for
thotuaMs of "tittle my Httle'ones."
The Fictory which reared statues to
the memory of muter tn the streets
of the great textile cities of Northern
England; atatues every stone of which
Is built of the petrified blood of
children for the perpetuation of the
most dearly beloved ud greateet ot
all Brltlih gods—Humbug.
The factory system, having once
established Itself, brought a steady
flow of rural workers from the country-tide who became the great ln-
duatrlal army of the cities. Out 'ot
the Iniquities which sprang up side
by side with this change, came the
rudimentary forms of libor organisation ai we know It, and which gradually grew In numbers ud aspiration
as the yeara went by. "-
Once the flrst great struggles for
the mere right to combine or organise
were over, the worker found himself
in a position where the poulblHtlei of
hi* new power eeemed almost unlimited. . Labor organisation grew
apac*, eod the scope of It* ambitions
wu only equalled by,the rising opposition of the employer*,
During strikes and great Industrial
conflicts the worker* found themselves
forbidden to do thla and that "be-
cauie lt li agalnat the law." They
also discovered that the law wu capable of being twisted ud turned In
so many wayi, that after the law
had been satisfied, little wu left them
to light with. Hurled bick on their
own ranks, as they were time-after
time, hitter' defeat brought forth the
idea .that the place where the law
wu made, wu the place where they
ought to be, ln order that .the law
might be made by them ud for them.
They discovered by bitter experience also, that no matter how much
they might like their kind, or how
loyal they might wish to be to their
trade unions, when It came to sustaining a big itrlke, the chief enemy wu
one thit none could repulse or deny.
His name was Hunger, ind though ill
Right was thetn, yet ill Might belonged to him, ind more gilllng to
them than all else, their masters
knew lt, ud could safely await the
hour when such a simple proposition
would bring them, starved In body!
and broken In spirit, to beg of him
the opportunity to/ earn bread for
them and theirs.
v So they hied them to the hustings,
ind the first attempts of the workers
to gain redress by political effort
waa through the medium of the old
political parlies, and they thereby
discovered a new kind of animal-
one that could bite at both ends—tor
though political names might differ,
they served equally well to cover the
teeth of their masters.
Out of the mus of disgust and
disappointment came the notion of
electing men of the working class to
represent the economic interests of
the class. This took practical shape,
and partly owing to the fact that the
elected themselves were In some cues
untrained ln the exact science of
wealth production, the attempt has
been a temporary failure. Moreover,
many of those whom they represented were not conscious of the faot
that, wrapped up ln the bodies of
them and their kind, lay the origin
of all wealth ever produced for the
service of men. It was the purblind
leading the blind.
Having delegated their authority to
these men, the workeri u individuals
did not maintain their Interest, or
trouble much until the plan had failed
as it was doomed to do. As a clais
they have a weakneii for delegating
their power and authority to other
people, Some one bring! them Into
the world. Some one perform! the
lut offices upon them when they leave
it Aad, up to the preient, they have
bun willing for some one. else to ad-:
minister their affairs whilst they are
ln the world, not forgetting, however,
to complain if the results have not
been satisfactory.
Just at present, they are very much
In the position of'"as you were," and
some, rather than admit that the
failure of the workers to gain control
ot political power and use lt in the
material Interest of their class Is the
fauit of the workers, have abandoned
the Idea of politics and fallen back
tor strength on the broken reed of
Industrial power alone.
If the workers are not quite certain themselves as to their best
weapon, let them watch the enemy.
As long u he can see them struggling
for chances of employment which are
not plentiful enough to give work to
all, he is not afraid of effective revolt.
Bui when he sees them aspiring to
lay hands on the law making machinery by which he maintains himself ln
power and authority, his frantic desire to prevent them should be sufficient proof that they are on the right-
The truth of the matter is, that the
workers are forced -. to live such
narrow and restricted lives that they
are for all the world as though they
were . confined within a circular
stockade with a few knot holes round
the sides. They take an occasional
peep through a hole, and all they can
see Is Just that portion of the outside
which lies within the limited compass
of their vision, and they make the
mistake of thinking It the same all
round, only to discover, on attempting
to work out the theory, thBt there Is
more In the problem than tbey have
seen through their peep-hole. It Is the
man who climbs to the top of the
pole In the middle, and' can see the
proposition as .a whole, who ti tn any
position to form a practicable plan.
* However, the temporary tendency
of a portion of the working^ clus
movement to abandon the Idea of ever
again hoping to effect beneficial
changes in the economic condition of
the class by political effort, will
surely be followed by that delicious
calm wblch only comes after delirium.
In a country which Is only partly
settled, and where1 a large portion of
the workera are only transient, with
no Idea of permanently establishing
themselves, ud where thousands are
employed under conditions which, owing to being far removed from centres
of settlement and civilisation do not
permit those men to acquire political
enfranchisement, lt Is no more than
natural that they should look askance
at politics as a means of deliverance.
They, are right in their methods
insofar as their methods are suitable
to the specialised circumstances of
their particular case. But to offer
those methods as a solution for the
working clus problem as a whole, is
only knot hole judgment.
"He that ln haste would make a
mighty fire commenceth tt with
weak straws," and despite the apparent contusion,'the-workers are gradually coming to realise that the mad
struggle for jobs which mean bread
interferes with that wholehearted cooperation between man and man
which is necessary to effect abiding
changes In the economic interest of
the workers.
Each generation by patient effort
produces some slight alteration tn
the social and economic fabric of Its
time, and the sum total of those
change! marks the progress of .mankind from primeval slime to the days
when he Bhall have harnessed all
forces of Earth and Air to do the
bidding of men and women who are
tree because they have suffered.
Have you ever stopped to think that
It 11 from our homes that the next
generation of working people come?
It is our boys ud girls that go forth
Into the factory, the office and the
shop "to earn their own living."
Knowing what your husband's union
has done for him ud hli fellow workers—given them better hours, better
pay and better working conditions-
why Is lt you do. not urge with all
your strength upon your ion and
daughter the advisability of joining a
union as soon as they enter the labor
Of course, you rather expect your
son will eventually, join a union because he. is ln Industry to stay, ud
In order to earn tbe best wages and
working condition! It ll to hli advantage to belong to a union,
Bufwhat of your daughter? When
you lend her out for a position you
figure she Is only working a few short
yean' (till ihe marries) and her ulary
li not of much Importance.
How do ydu figure this? Does it
cost you leu to clothe ind feed your
daughter than lt doei your ion? Ii
your daughter so much' stronger
physically that she Is able to work ten
or fifteen hours for small pay, while
your son works only eight houn (If a
member ot an organization) and tor
the beat pay that collective bargaining
can produce?
Have you considered that your
daughter, working for less than a living wage, li not only bringing down
the salary of self-supporting women
who are working all the time, but la
also, In many Instances, competing
with your son and bringing down his
wages to a lower standard,
Wherever unionism has entered It
has made conditions better, ud Its
powers ln this direction are unlimited
If you give It proper support.
Do you ask for the union label when
you buy your family supplies?
The next time you go shopping and
see "cheap goods" on a bargain
conter, before you buy atop and consider If they really are cheap.
Isn't it time, for. tbe protection of
your home and your family, that you
demand the union label and urge upon
vour daghter the vital necessity of
joining a union?
.Activity Is the-secret ot success In
the endeavor to organize the nonunion men and women. Faith ln the
ultimate success la half of the battle
.gained; It is hard work which wtll accomplish results.        ,
ay Bobert Banter
Direct   action   and   anarchism   have.
much In common.   Both lay emphasis
series of oppositions,    Both  are
anti-parliamentary,   anti-patriotic,   anil,
militarist,  anti-vote,  anti-dues,  anti-insurance, anti-contracts.   Both believe in
a vague  federalism   ot  m-deflned  and
hastily-grouped workers.   These revolutionary unionists declare for the general
strike, .which  is a form of tile insurrections, urged by the anarchists.    Tho
sabotage of. tho  revolutionists  bears a
striking resemblance to tho anarchists'
propaganda of the deed, oven when it
leads  to assassination.    Leadership   is
abhorred by befft but an inner circle of
daring  revolutionists   Is 'advocated, by
both.   "We must form." said Bakunlne,
' not .indeed the army of revolution—the
army can- never be anything hut the
people—but yet a sort of staff Tor tho
revolutionary army   ....   No very.
great number ef such men is requisite,
A hundred revolutionists, firmly and seriously bound together, are enough for
the international organisation of all Europe,"
This idea of an inner cllciue to lead the
Ignorant and Inert mass plays a great
part In both' the anarchist and syndicalist movements.   Bakunlne formed a secret society in the midst of the International Worklngmen's Annotation, and after that organisation was abandoned in
1871 the anarchists continued to advocate the same-tactics In subsequent conferences.    Today  wo  lind   Pouget,   the
leader of the French syndicalists, insisting that the enlightened minority In tbe
French labor unions should be the unrestrained guardians of the organisation.
He says: '.'The conscious minority will
act without taking account of the obsin-
ate mass or of the unconscious wbo have
not yet been animated by the spirit of
revolt and may be considered as human
zeros."    And Fopget  concludes:  "Thus'
appears the enormous difference In method   which-  distinguishes   syndicalism
from democracy; tho latter,, by the. mechanism of universal suffrage, gives direction to the unconscious    ......
and stifles the minorities who bear within them the hopes of .the -future.' The
syndicalist method gives a result - diametrically opposed to this: Impulsion Is
Instilled -into the conscious, the rebels,
and all' favorably Inclined are called upon to act and to participate in the movement" The" position here taken by-Pou-
gehhls Incorporated into the very constitution of the French Federation of Labor, which makes It possible for a closely organised minority to completely control that organisation. The trade union
with a score, of- members has the same-
voting power ln the federation as the
trade union with 10,000 members. Opposition to majority rule haa always been
as much a cardinal principle of the anarchists aa it la of Tammany Hall, and
it today stand! as the policy and practice
of the French unions.
The anarchists in the International
fought, a! the revolutionary unionists
do today, for what is called purely economic action. They had no faith in political parties, ln parliamentary methods
or, tn fact, in any effort to capture pub:
lie powers. For instance, the anarchist.
Bordat, said before the Lyons tribunal
In 1893, what-most of the revolutionary
unionists today would thoroughly assent
to. "To send workingmen to a parliament" he declared, "ts to act like a
mother who would take her daughter to
a brothel," "Working class candidates."
said Bakunlne, "transferred to bourgeois
conditions of life and Into an atmosphere
of' completely oourgeoise political ideas,
ceasing to be actually workers ln.order
to become .statesmen, will become bourgeois, and possibly will become even
more bourgeois than the bourgeois themselves. For lt la not the men who make
positions, but, on the contrary, positions
which make the men." Such have been
the criticisms of the anarchists levied
against working' class political action.
Any one who will turn to the literature
of revolutionary unionism will find again
and again the same thought. In .advocating trade .union action, however, the
anarchists always opposed officials and
sought a decentralised federation of
groups. The chief purpose of the vague
organisation they advocated was little
more than to enable the workers to keep
In touch with one another and to sorve
the needs of a. quick and widespread insurrection. They believed that the world
waa on the verge of- an upheaval, and
that mere agitation would suffice to create a violent revolution that would usher
ln the. new order of society. Parliaments would then disappear, but trade
unions were necessary, for, as Professor Hlns declared at Basle in 1869, they
represented In the germ the organization
of the new social system. "Bakunlne
glorlfles," says Plechanoff, "the 'essentially economic' tactics of the old English trade unions, and has not the faintest idea that It was these ver ytactlcs
that made the English workers the tail
of the Liberal party."
The revolutionary unionists today believe, as the anarchists always have
believed, that the world is ready for a
tremendous upheaval. The.hew order is
waiting to be born, and the sole work
to be done Is to arouse ln the people the
will to start the revolution. How much
like the views of the syndicalists, aa given In an earlier paper, are the following
declarations of Bakunlne and Kropotkiii'
"The revolution, as we understand it,"
said Bakunlne, "must on Its very first
day completely and fundamentally destroy the state and all state Institutions." The workers must then proceed
to the "confiscation of alt productive capital and instruments of labor ln favor of
the associations nf laborers, which will
use them for collective production,"
"The first act of the social revolution," says Kropotkln, "will be a work of
destruction The government
will be overthrown flrst" And following
that "the people will also, without Waiting for any directions from above,
abolish private property by forcible expropriation, • .... - 'The reorganization of production will not be possible
in' a few days,' especially as the revolution will presumably not break out In all
Europe at a time. The people will, consequently, have to take temporary measures to assure themselves, flrst of all,
of food, clothing, and ahelter. Fil-st tho
populace of the Insurgent cities will take
possession of the dealers' stock of food
end of tho grain warehouses and siuugh
terhouses. Volunteers make an Inventory of the provisions found and distribute printed tabular statements by the
millions. Henceforth, free taking of all
that Is present In abundance: rations of
what has to be measured out with preference to the sick and weak; a supply
for deficiencies by Importation from the
country (which* will come ln plenty If
we produce things that the farmer needs
armies of. the government We might,
of'course, pus over with light heart*
much of the above Interesting and harmless speclHatlon were it not for the violent and bitter attacks made by both
anarchists and syndicalists upon, any
form of political party action. We can
afford to be tolerant toward any positive proposition, and even adyerse criticism, except when they menace organisation. .When, however, a group of men
conspire to create suspicion and to promote distrust of all Socialist party action, we are forced not only to defend
ourselves, but oven to put the proposals
of our opponents under critical analysis.
And the general strike of the syndicalists
is only the insurrection of the anarchists
Indeed, syndicalism, as a whole, has
been defined as anarchism in disguise.
Certainly the entire forces of -anarchism have been turned, to the service of
the syndicalist movement. Emma Goldman. Alexander Berkman. and other anarchists in New York have recently
formed a syndicalist educational league;
and from now on, even in thla country,
every assault made by the anarchists
upon the Socialist movement will be labeled "syndicalism" or "direct action-'*
Tho marriage of anarchism and syndicalism is, of course, a natural and legitimate union, and we must expeot to see
In the near futuro under Its new guise
nn extensive growth of anarchist propaganda. So long as the anarchists were
excluded from the unions and divorced
from every section of the labor movement by the Marxian elements, they
could only keep alive their dootrlnea by
individual acts of violence. But In recent years the anarchists havo not onls
gained' a strong position In the lnboi
movement of the Latin countries, the>
have also gained a hearing In other countries through policies which, however,
old In their philosophy,, bear new and
striking labels;
And it is perhaps inevitable that the
views of tho anarchists- should gain a
larger and larger following. Political
action is slow, and many of (he younger,
the more petulant and impulsive, are.lm-
patient. Furthermore, the Socialist
movement has become so extensive that
while It Is fundamentally more revolutionary, lt no longer appears revolutionary. Itl tonejs quieter, Its reasoning Is
saner, and Its members Include a multitude who .are no .less determined because
thex are leas given to fanaticism. Great
halls, theatres, and lyceums are .now the
common meeting places of the party, and
such assemblies have not the irresponsible recklessness of the old talking
revolutionist* assembled In,, the hack
room about the stove. _ The dlaouaslons
are kept to well deflned points and lead
to definite, concrete forma of action, instead of ranging over the entire *amut
of human problems and leading to no
action whatever.    Irt tho Jlttle circles
Suit Special at $15
We hold, and can maintain by proof of service as well aa-style,
that men who buy suits at Spencer's will get a" fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
store can give.
Today .has arrived a new lot of suits with*special features "that
we have marked to sell at 916.00.   You will oe surprised at the
smart styles and smart worthy looking fabric*.   Lots of the popii- .
lar red browns In tweeds, other tweeds as well ln grey and green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those who -want them,
worn iiojo.
These are coats that.no man'need be afraid to don.   They look
- well, the materials are' good, they; are well made, and not skimped
Jn any way,
The materials are tweeds In smooth and rough effect!.
Two of the best patterns are grey and. brown diagonals;   others
are small designs In brown and various subdued two-color effects Id
dark tone. Every coat Is lined with a strong twill lining; two-
way collars,
David Spencer
Tested and improved during many years yi the world's greatest
.   skating ground, Canada
Star Skates, all that a skate oan be.... 75o to $6,00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 7So to 96.00
For Young Men, Young Ladles, Boys ind Misses
J. A.   FLETT,   LIMITED Phon. Seymour S04
of revolutionaries l» the eaMy days there
waa room for every point of view. Freedom of thought waa unlimited, the play
of wits had no end. . Every theory of
economics, sociology, ethics, religion, and
politics was hardled Without: gloves. It
was a never ending day of never ending
talk. But the seeds those little circles
of sectarians distributed throughout the
world aro today bearing fruit. Mrti are
settling down to the cold proposition of
massing their armies and winning their
battles. And philosophies and tactic;
which consist of endless oppositions and
the denunciation of every action of the
organized bodies are passed over and Ignored. - To he sure, celebrated little circles of brilliant men and women, of
i&tlsts and philosophers, will ettll hug
to their hearts the memory of what they
consider the glorious, Imperishable act
of the nssoaslh or the marvel of a few
hungry rioters facing thevlolence of the
world with flaming rage and hatred, but
the labor movement, imperfect as It Is,
plods along Its way educating and-organising the millions Into the most Irresistible power the world has ever
Minimum Wage for Ontario Women.
It il expected that i bill providing
for the payment of a minimum wage
to women wtll He brought down in the
provincial legislature of Ontario very
shortly. The various bodies which
have been working to this end are
agreed that no woman can live on
less than »9 per week, and they don't
go Into any lavish details as to how
she can do It even oh the 19. What a
funny world It is. Well intentloned
people go to work to flnd out the least
a woman can make shift on; then try
and get It for her. The crowning
touch la, that the most active spirits
are women.
Stoves no Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
und all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies   '
PHONE FAtft. 447.
General Strike Madmen,
t The advocates of the general strike,
embracing one Industry, and If neceasary alt Industries, Ignore the important (act that the look-out has been one
of the most potent weapons of manufacturer!' associations to starve working men ind women Into submission.
The general strike ln one or more
Industries would, to all practical purposes, have the same effect as the
lock-out. It would, at the same time,
relieve employers' associations of the
odium ln resorting to the harsh measure of trying to gain a point by the Inhuman process of slow starvation. The
advocates of the general strike are, to
say the least, poor And Incompetent
and put tliem at hli disposal), and also
by the .Inhabitants of the city entering
upon the cultivation of the royal parks
and meadows In the vicinity. The people
will take possession of the dwelling
houses In like manner. Apaln, volunteers make lists of the available dwell
lugs and distribute them. People come
together by streets, quarters, district*,
and bgree about the allotment of the
dwell.uk* that were on hand will be flrst
have to be borne are soon to be done
away; the artisans of the bulldln* trades
need only work a few hours a day, and
soon the o'verspaclous dwellings that
were on hand will be sensibly altered and
model houses, entirely new, will be built.
The same procedure will be followed
with regard to clothing. The people take
fiossesslon of the great clothiers' establishments and volunteers list the stocks,
People take freely what Is on hand In
abundance, In rations what Is limited In
quantity. What Is lacking Is supplied
In rhe shortest of time by the factories
with  their perfected machines."
I quote the above statements of the
two chief anarchists to illustrate the
similarity between their view and those
advocated by the syndicalists. The latter are extremely vague regarding the
actual procedure of tne general,strike.
Some of them believe' that th general
strike may be solely a peaceable abstention from work. Most of them have,
however, been forced In discussion to
agree that a peaceable general strike
would surely meet with defeat. As Buts-
son says: "If the general strike remains
the revolution of rotted arms, If It does
not degenerate Into (violent Insurrection,
one cannot see how a strike of fifteen,
thirty or even sixty days could bring
Into the industrial form of government
and Into tho present social system
changes great enough to determine their
fall. To bo sure, the revolutionary
unionists do not lay so much emphasis
on the abolition of government as do the
anarchists, but their plan leads to nothing less thnn that. If the capitalist class
Is to be locked out—whatever that may
mean—one must conclude that the workers intend in some manner without the
use of public powers to gain control of
the tools of production. In any case,
they will he forced, ln order to achieve
any possible success, to take the factories, the mines, and the mills, and to
Sut the work of production Into the
anda of the masses. If the state Interferes, as It undoubtedly will, ln the mowt
vigorous manner, the strikers will bo
forced to flght the state. In other words,
we shall see the general strike become
an Insurrection and the people without
arms carrying on a civil war against the
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
Meets In annual convention 'In January. Executive otucers, 1913-14: President, Christian Slverty; vice-presidents,
J. Kavanagh, J. Ferris, A. Watchman, O.
A. Burnes, J. W- Gray, Jas, Cuthbertson,
J J. Taylor; sec-treas,, V. It. Mldgley,
Box 1044, Vancouver,
Meots flrst and third Thursdays
Executive board; J. Kavanagh, president;
John McMillan, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, secretary. Room.210, Labor
Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer; A.
Beasley, statistician: J. H. McVety,
aergt-at-arms; F. A, Hoover, W. i.
Pipes, E. Tralnor, trustees.
Directors; Fred A. Hoover J. H.
McVety, Jamea Brown, Edward Lothian,
James Campbell, J. W, Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan Murdock McKensle. Managing director, JL H. Mc*
Vety, Room til.   Bey. ____
—Meets second Monday ln month.
President E. Jarman; vice-president,
Qeorge Mowat; secretary, A. H. England
P. O. Box M.   .
penters and Joiners—Room 2Q9.
Sey. 2908. Business agent J. A. Key;
office hours, 8 to 9 a.m. and 4 to 8 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
H. McEwen, Room 209, Labor Tempte.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday In Room > OS.
tleners' Local No.  -tl-
Meets  second and fourth
Saturdays, 7:30 p.m. President,   J.   Klnhslrd;   nor-
.    responding  secretary,. W.
(K«iisf.iDi-   Rogers, Room 220, Labor
Temple; financial secretary, P. Robin-
second Thursday, 8:80 p. m. Presl
dent, C. Held; recording secretary,
Geo. W. Isaacs; secretary - business
agent. C, F, Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 8 to 7 p.tn,
Sey. 1778. ^^^ '
, Meets flrst aad third .Sundays of
each month, 2.SO p.m., Room- 806. President, Walter Laurie; secretary, Wm.
Mottlahaw, Yale Hotel; treasurer, Chas.
ters and Joiners, Local No. 617.—
Meeta Monday of each week, 8 p, m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 6
p.m. President, A. Richmond; recording
secretary, Arthur Paine, 806 Labor Tern-
Jle; financial secretary, O. W. Williams
06 Labor Temple; treasurer, L, W. Va-
slel, 606 Labor Temple. Phone Sey. 1680.
and Joiners. South Vancouver Nn.
1208—Meets Ashe's hall, 81st and Frase/
Ave,, every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
W, J. Robertson; vice-president, J. w.
Dlckieson; recording secretary, Thos.
Lindsay, Box 86, Cedar Cottage; flnanolal secretary, J. A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt Lindsay: conductor, A. Conahor;
warden, E. Hall.
WORKERS' International Unlcr,
fiocal 97—Meets second and fourth Friday. Labor Temple. 8 ,p,m. President,
/. A. Seeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
788 Semlln Drive, phone Sey. 889.
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Rook
•07.   President, James Haslett; orr-dn-
Kndlng secretary, W. 8. Dagnall, Box
; flnanolal secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagr.aU, Room
■JIB.   Bey, 8799.
hnd Iron Ship Builders and Helusr*
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. \?i—
Meets flrst and third Mondays, 8_p.m
President, F, Barclay; 863 Cordova suit
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe Ptreei-
Meets flrst Tuesday each month, 9
p.m. President, Geo. Qerrard; secretary,
Robert J. Craig. KurU Ci&ar Factory;
treasurer, S. W. .Toh.»«.jn-
!18,—Meets Room 801, every Mondav
8 p.m. Prestdentf Fred. Fuller; vlee-
orosldent, Oeo. B- Moulton; recording
secretary, A. F, Gibson, Labor Temple;
financial secretary, Robt. Robinson;
treasurer. Harold T. Johnson; business
agent. H. A. Jones, Room 207, Labor
Hardware and Tools
<1 A splendid slock-of the best in the world'B market.
We make a speoialty of supplying every need and requirements «f the artiian in our line.
7 Hsstings Street West,-
Phone Seymour 684
British Columbia Division, C. P. .BjV
Ism, Division No, .1—Meets 10:30 a'in.
third Sunday In month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. p, Campbell, Box 412, Vancouver. Looal sec-treaa., A. T. Oberf,
Box 411, or 1003 Burrard atreet
Meets last Sunday each month, 1:11
p.m. President, w. S. Armstrong; vlca-
pre.sldent. O. W. Palmer; eeoretary-treaa-
urer, R. H. Neelamla, P.O. Box IS.
SSI (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room SOS 8 p.m. Preaident S. 8.
Duff; recording aeeretary, L. It. Balmon;
treasurer and business aient. F. L. Est-
Inghauaen, Room 202,   Bey. 2S48.
Meeta sKond and fourth Tuesdays
of eaoh-month. President, J. Fox;.vice-
president, wm. Thompson; financial secretary; wm. Worton; aeeretary, A. O.
Hettler, 42B Duffertn street Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.     .
Council—MeetH every flrat and thttd
^Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson
atreet, at 2 p.m. President, H. -J. Sheen;
secretary, Christian Siverts, Box SOS,
Victor, B, i],     -
ASSOCIATION, No. 88 X 82—Meetn
every Friday evening, 188 Water street.
Preaident, Q. J. Kelly; secretary, Thos.
Nixon. 183 Water street
ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:11 p.m.
President. Chas. Matttnaon; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; financial secretary,
J, H. McVety.   Sey. I8S0.
. Union, Local No. 148, A. F. of al.—
Meets sscond Sunday of each-month, HO
Robson street President, J, Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
F. Ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
Meets flrst and third Wednesday, O'Brien
Hall, 8 p.m. Preaident, O. Dean; corresponding aeeretary, F. Sumpter; financial secretary, D. Scott: treaeurer, I. Tyson; business agent, EX R, Still. Phone
Sey. 1814. .    '...
Decorators', Looal 188—Meet every
Thursday, 7:80 p.m. President H. Hurry; flnanolal aeeretary, F. J. Harris,
1688 Robson St; recording secrete."
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O. No. I, Box
business sgent, w. J. Nagle.	
Branch—Meats second Tuesday, 8:00
p.m.   President, J. Marshall; corresponding secretary, Wm. Rowan, Box 1047:
lal secretary, K. McKensle.
Employees, Pioneer Division No. Ill
—Meets Labor Temple, second ana
fourth Wednesdays at 2:46 p.m. and flrst
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. Preaident,
H. Schofleld: recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 171, City Melghta
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2408 Clark drive.
al Local 887—Meeta every Wednesday, 8 p.m.. Room S01, Labor Temple.
Preaident, F. Blumberj; financial sscre-
tary, Wm. Byatt, Boom tie.
—Meetings held flrat Tuesday Sn each
month, 8. u.m. President, J. T. Ellsworth; recording and corresponding secretary, W. W. Hooken. P. O. Box BOS;
dnanclal aeeretary; L. Kakely, F, O, Box
COS. *
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS'. Local No. 83—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays eaoh month, 8 p.m.. .President 3t* Kavanagh; secretary, E. A. E.
Morrison, 1762 Eleventh Ave. East.
tiotobu, a; o..
a. o.
' Labor .Council—Meets every aecond
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m., In
Labor Hall. President R. A. Stoney;
finanoial secretary, J. B. Chockley; general secretary, B, D. Grant, P. O. Bex
034. The public la Invited to attend.
, . cal 428—Meets' every second and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Bail,
7:30 p.m. Preaident D. Webster; secretary, A. McLaren, P.O. Box 168, New
Westminster, B. C.
^ntem, Local Union. No. 1188—
every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street President, M. C. Schmendt; aeeretary, A, Walker, Labor Temple, New'
Weatmlnater, B. C .        ,  ..    .,
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets Sunday evenings, In Union .Hall,
President E. A. Hlries: secretary-tree*.
urer, M P| Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
No. 2388. U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union.Hall, 7 D.m. President, 8am Outhrle: secretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladysmlth,.; B. C,  .
—Meets every Sunday In District
Office, Vendome Hotel, st 7:30 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B. C.
Western Federation ■ of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday evening, In
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent.
President, Sam Stevens: secretary: Herbert Varcol, Box 421, Rossland, B. C.
Union, No. 106, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:80 p.m. President,
George -castell; secretary, Frank Campbell, Box 28, Trail, B. C.
_ _ ^
_ . Of America rH*^
tOWtltKT ITItOC ______x IKI \
Short Lessons in
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lottips give three timet
the amount of light obtained from a oarbon lamp
with the same consumption of current?
Should it not bo advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting? .'" >
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter clerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and .    ,
the ordinary carbon lamp.
For the convenience of our customers we .
oarry a full lino of Tungaton'lamps of an
approved type in stock' , ;. t > ,: J
Carrall and
., Hutlngi Street
1188 Granville St.
near Davie     1 PWP
..FEBRUARY 7.1*1»
Money-Saving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Provinoe and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue IftOW ready—Out of town oustomers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
.   address for a copy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
(Continued from 'Page 1)
If yon want to enjoy all the com-
' forts and advantage! of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake  in  buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
S46 Halting! W.   630 Oranvllle
619 Haatlnge W.
* OF
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine.;...  20c
Eight Lectures, IngersolL... 20c.
The People's Bookstore
162 Cordova W.
•137 Cordova Street W.
,'   Baaament Hotel Cordova , ■
Stoves and Nine Warm
for the oobl weathBr**»t '
•7 Granville Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745    *
We -can furnish I Won't you i«t
41 Hastings Street W
Phone Seymour 3887
Mr. Union Man
Here is the place to
buy  a  union -made
We carry the largest
assortment of union-
made hats in
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S. W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
$2.00 Hate
Ofldalotfr-M of •»• fMtattatVftrty
of OMM Mrlfttte
Head Office: 198 Greys Inn. Road,
London, England.
■ubsoriptioo Baton
12 months....* Oc        The "Western
 —•■   Clarion" desrib-
6 roontha....20o    ed the "Socialist
Single copies 6o
Standard" as the
beat paper In the
Mr. Ernest Burns
wishes to inform his numeroue
friends that he hai taken oat an
Asetioneers license, and will sell
goodi either by isetion or com-'
million it his commodious siles
135-8 Cordova St. East
Near Main   Phone Sey. 1579
Mr. Baros is alio prepared to
conduct Motion lain at lay
address ie the city.
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hastings Street West
A Credit to Union Workmanship
Socialist Party Directory
, Socialist Party of Canada, meets every Sunday, S p.m„ Finn Hell, 2216 Pen-
i'.«r it gest  J. H, Burroughs, secretary,
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
nf Canada, meets every Sunday, 3 p.m.,
rinn Hall, MIS Pender St Bast S. H.
Burroulhi, secretary.
- C. Meete .very Tuesday at 7:80
an In the Sandon Miners' Union Hall,
communications to be addressed Drawer
K, Sandon, B. O.
Tbe following committees were appointed: Organisation Committee,
Freckleton, Blumberg, Phllpot, Bur-
toot, Midgley, Hurst, Herrltt, McVety, Foxcroft, Sully. Parliamentary
Committee, Pipes, Abbs, Burkart,
Ferris, Burnbam, A. Macdonald, Bartley, Knowles, Mowatt, Kelly, Jones.
Meeting adjourned 9.30 p.m.
Organisation - Committee report.
No report.
Del.' MoVety reported tbat he bad
visited Halibut! Fishermen's Union,
.and that they were likely to become
affiliated with Council.
Parliamentary Committee. No report,
Del. McVety reported for Special
Committee re False Creek question
and interview with Board of Works
re paying of 12.00 per day to men
engaged on relief works for olty. Report received.        .
Reports of Unloni,
McBwen, Amal. Carpenten, Trade
quiet. Holding dance February 7th.
"Mldgley, Lathers. Trade quiet owing to weather. Making new members..
Sully, Civic Employees, Committee
from their union had been before
Board of Works re working conditions of scavengers, Olty Engineer
not favorable to their union.
Macdonald, Bartenders. Had donated $25.00 to striking miners.
Longshoremen, Kelly and Thomas,
Trade quiet.   Three men in hospital.
Sprlgel, Bakers. Series of social
evenings waa being held by hla union.
Membership increasing.
Burfoot, Teamsters. Had Initiated
seven new members at last meeting.
Five more about to Join. '
Staples, Painters.   Trade-quiet.
Smith, Horseshoers. They are having organising campaign. Dance Feb.
28th. - •
Mlia M Crae, Garment Workeri.
All working. Asked that union men
buy union-made garments.
Saxby, Patternmakers, Ten per
cent of their members, unemployed.
They protested against payment of
wagei by check. .\
Williams, U, B. of Carpenters.
Trade quiet. Seven new- members last
meeting. Were preparing for Labor
Burgess, Molders. They were 100
per cent, organized.   Trade quiet.
Motion: That Bro. B. Tralnor be
given the floor to explain attitude ot
Board of Works towards,their organisation. Carried. Bro. Tralnor then,
spoke on the attitude of Board.
Unfinished Business.
Notice ot Motion. Alteration of Conititutlon. Introduced by L. U. 138,
Painteri, Decorators and Paperhangers
of America:
"That the Charter of Incorporation,
let forth on pages 3, 4 and 5 of
the Conititutlon and By-Laws of this
Council, be stricken out" Signed, J.'
Freckleton, B. Staples.  ,-.•"  .
Motion, Freckleton, Staples: Tbat
the amendment td the Constitution be
adopted aa read.  Motion lost.     '
Motion: That Executive Committee
take legal advice re the question ot
boycotting. And also re our Charter
of Incorporation,  Motion carried.
Motion: That question of extending
duties of Secretary be laid on the
table for one month. .
Amendment: That it be laid on the
table until next meeting of the Council. Carried.
Motion: That Excutive Committee
bring in report as to finances of Counoll In relation to foregoing question.
Motion: That J. McMillan be asked
to attend next meeting of Council
and report on his visit to Labor Commission. Carried; .  ,
Motion': That committee of three
be appointed to act with two troll
Bakers to Interview Hospital Board,
etc., with reference to having union-
made bread used ln the various municipal Institutions.  Carried.
Committee:; . Mldgley, Brown, Mc-
Bwen. '---
Motion: That committee of two be
appointed to act with J. E. Wilton ln
response to his letter. Carried.
The Preaident announced that the
President and Secretary would act. on
behalf of Council ln response to letter
trom J. B. Wilton of Typographical
Union re conditions of employment In
shops, offices, stores, etc.    '
Bowser Takes Guns From Allen Adulte
—Young Hindi Them to Children.
The "Offensive Weapon Act," introduced by Attorney-General Bowser
at the present session of the Legislature provides for punishing by deportation any alien who may be found In
possession of weapons.
■Mr, Bowser believes that only the
police should be permitted to use
"direct action" weapons, preferably on
the beads of strikers and free speech
enthusiasts, He thinks the penalising
of arms carrying Is going tp bring
about a higher regard for law and
order and reduce the number injured
In the frequent quarrels between the
people from Southern Europe.
After all,- maybe Mr. Bowser Is
right in hli contention and sincere in
his desire to reduce the list of people
Injured through poor markmanahlp
snd worse liquor, In his beliefs he il
evidently backed by his colleiguei ot
the cabinet, including the Hon. Dr.
Young, Minister of Education, who,
like all pedigogues, Is a man of peace
and very muoh. adverse to any letting
of,blood, even among the "alien" population of mature years.
But while |o tender ln his solicitude
for full-grown "foreigners," the "eminent" educationalist and «>w bones
shows no such consideration for the
children of tender yean entrusted to
the care of his department In the
schools of the Province. ■
During the present week, In the
Fall-view school; a man is being per-
Sitted to visit the various rooms, dur-
g school hours, addressing the pupils
on'the glories of militarism. Appearing before the children, some as
young as seven years, in the uniform
supplied all armed murderers who undertake to kill worken of other countries, with whom they have no quarrel, on behalf of others, thli mail
boasts of his 28 yean of service in
various armies—pats his sword and.
other instruments of butchery affectionately, and promises to deck-the
youngsters out in uniforms and to
arrange a sham battle for which 10
cents will be charged as admittance.
The "kids" are to be taught how to
flght for "their" country—When they
must take up arms and kill off as
many as possible of their own kind
on account of quarrels In which they
are qot Interested and for which they
are In no way responsible. ..
' And this Is the jingo patriotism so
fittingly described by Dr. Johnson as
"the last refuge of scoundrels." Surety the definition fits every member of
the Department of Education from the
Minister down* who knowingly' or
Without permit the natural but dormant Instincts of savagery to be
raised tn the breasts of children of
such tender yean, .
What kind of a civilisation Is lt that
calls a pan who quarrels and kills on
his own behalf * murderer and those
who kill without a.quarrel on behalf of
others, heroes, and decorate one with
hemp and the othen with . brass
medals. -
These are the.problems confronting
the fathera and mothen of the working class day by day—these are the
baneful Influence! that must be gently
but firmly counteracted in the home
from the flnt day the children enter
school until, they are old enough to
think for themselves.
If for no other reason than to secure
control of the educational system, a
political onslaught oi the powers of
state In absolutely' necessary and
bound to be more fruitful of results
than any propagation ot the "direct
action" tactics of the anarchists and
syndicalists. ,'
"' of C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday. 7:30 p. m. In the Trades Half.
Economic class every Sunday; 8 p.m.
Secretary, J. Harrison, 112 Hochelaia Bt
A. Stewart, Organiser..   ..
, S. P. of ft—Meet flnt snd third Sunday of the month In Socialist Halt Secretary, J. N. Hlntsa, Gibson's Heights,
B. C.
.* ..*YSW ^'ftyj" § I":1"-' In Mlnen'
Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary. ^_^^ j.
for business and propaganda every
Thursday at 8 p.m. In Labor Temple.
Public meetings In Dominion Theatre,
Granville street, Sunday evenings. Secretary, 0. L. Charlton, City Market,
Main street
Union Men,-Support
Your Own Principles
t] When you buy your suits
from ui you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
4 In dealing with ui you ire
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
FIT ind ihe MOST UP-TO-
(Continued from Pigo 1)
Nanalmo, B.C., Feb. 5,1913.'
Editor Federatlonist:
There appeared ln last week's Federatlonist, under the heading "Premier
and Mlnen' Strike," the resolutions
adopted at ' the convention of the
B.C.F. of U, held ln Victoria, which
were presented to Premier McBride
by the officers of the Federation, asking him to use hli good offices ln
bringing about a conference between
the contending forces, also, ihe cor
reapondence between Premier McBride and Mr. Coulson. In Mr. Coul-
son's reply to Premier McBride he
says: "At no time have the officials ot
the company refused to meet ln friend- which are continually
ly discussion committees of our employees when regularly authorised to
meet us on behalf of themselves and
tbelr fellow workmen." This statement Is not true. Tbe management at
Cumberland prior to and after the
stoppage did refuse to meet committees of the employees ot the company
to discuss their grievances. And at
Ladysmlth on one occasion, when the
manager refused to meet a committee
who were duly authorised to meet him
■»" 1-ehalt of themselves and fellow
workmen, he stated poiltlvely that It
wai Coulion'i orders that he was to
recognise no committee!.
""Mo matter, Mr. Editor, his been so
fully dealt with In previous Issues of
the Federatlonist that It would be
needless repetition to again recite
them In detail at this time. Suffice tt
io say that the strike Is still on at
Cumberland and Ladysmlth, the mines
are not producing anything like their
full capacity, as stated by Coulson, the
scarcity of eoal In your city and the
famine prices prevailing for tbe same
Is certain proof that he has failed to
tnnke good io break the strike and
stamp out the U.M.W. of A. at his
mlnee, as he boasted he would do —
Fraternally youn, ROBERT FOSTER
President Wst. 28 U.M.W. of A,
Scaffold Inspector Miy be Appointed.
It Is stated on good authority, although from an unofficial source, that,
the city council is about to appoint a
scaffolding Inspector. This Is something which the Trades and Labor
Council has been agitating for a long
time, and the appointment should
have been made ages ago, It Is to be
honed that the council will appoint a
practical man who knows his business,
and not some lick-spittle party-heeler
wbo has grown old In vicious service
of the political machines of the city.
If such a wretch Is appointed, it Is
safe to say the Trades Council will see
to It that he Is not-allowed to play
ducks and drakes with a Job which Involves the very Uvea of tha workmen
of thli city.
The carpenten for tbe last four
months have been talking about a rise
of wages in the spring, and they are
now considering the* beat waya and
means of getting If,
It Is about time they took their position seriously, for they are wone oft
as far aB wages go than they wen six
yean ago this conking summer, They
were getting $4,35: per day of 8 houn
then, and that la whit they are get
ting today.
In the summer of 1907 they had a
strike and their wages went up to
14.25 per day. .The following January
their wages were dropped to 13.50, and
the explanation given by the contractors, was, the money panic Of that
Since then they have gradually got
back to the 34.25 again, and are very
much "aa you were."
During this time the. price of Uvlng
has gone up at least 86 per cent.,
which Is equal to a reduction, of 36
per cent, in the wages of carpenten
since 1907.
It Is questionable if the wages of
an average carpenter, taken all the
year round, amount to much mote than
♦18.00 per week, If that much.
He has to buy and maintain a very
eipensive outfit of tools, some of
being stolen
from him on- the various jobs, ud to
replace then Is a constant charge
against his Wlgei,
In addition, the competition to hold
a job as a real carpenter Is becoming
keener ds each year goes by. It necessitates purchasing tbe most up-to-date
tools in order that he can keep hli
place In the struggle toy existence.
Machinery haa .displaced thousands
of men from the carpenter trade, and
nbw perform! about fifty per.cent. of
the work formerly dene by hand. The
result Is that there Is a fierce struggle
for the remaining fifty per cent, of
the work which li still done by hand
A further result Is, that the remaining work Is being specialized, and
there Is a strong tendency on the part
of the oontracton to hive their work
done by. the piece. This Is made
easier for them because a great deal
of the finish work, which is that part
which still hai to be done by hand, ll
turned out according to standardised
designs from the factory. Most oontracton know to a fraction how long
lt takes an average carpenter' to do
certain classes of work, such as hanging doon, laying floor, or fixing baae,
and woe betide the poor wood butcher
who cannot keep his end up alongside
the other fellow who naa to go hli
fastest to hold his Job ln the fierce
Industrial struggle, where the Interests
of the worken are Identical, or alleged to be.
The joint committee of carpenten
Is taking the position ot the tnde
very seriously, and hai lent out the
following,letter to Victoria, Seattle,
acoma, Calgary, Edmonton, Beilingham, Nanalmo, Portland Spokane, San
Francisco, Winnipeg and Everett,
Carpenten' Joint Committee,
Labor Temple
Vancouver, _B.C.
Dear Sir and Brother.
I am instructed by the above to call
your attention td the fact that we intend making a demand for $5.00 a day
on the flnt of May.
yet the resolution wu out Of order.
Williams entered a hot protest, the
Speaker in bis turn getting hot under
the collar, and in a tone 111 befitting
luch a dignified begowned personage,
declared It out of order. Williams appealed, and of course, as was to be
expected, the 24 Government memben
voted solidly to uphold the chair,
against the two Opposition memben.
The matter'does not end there, however, the Newoastle member Intending to come to the bat again next week
with it worded so as to evade the
question of expenditure ot public
money, on whit it: wai turned down,
•s only Government men pin bring In
motions dealing with that subject.
Monday, February 3rd.
Chief Interest today centered around
the Landlord and Tenant Act, and tbe
Offensive Weapons Act, both ot which
were the cause of an exchange of opinions between Parker Williams and
By. way of handing the government
a roast on the flnt mentioned BUI, the
socialist member Introduced some
Photographs of the "residence!" ot the
Cumberland mlnen, from which they
were evicted, and alio made no bones
about telling the Attorney-General
tbat the sole purpose of the amended
Bill wu to make lt easier to' get tbe
slaves out of their hovels, which they
had built themselves for the molt part
Regarding the Offensive Weapons Act,
Bowier appeared very much-alarmed
at whit he termed tbe large class ot
undesirable foreignen who came into
Canada, and who would shoot on the
slightest pretence; alio there wen too
many hold-ups for the public safety,
etc., etc. -"-",
Williams gave tt as hli opinion that
it would be a good bill if the weapon!
were to be kept ont of everybody'!
bands, but It seemed to be the intention ot the Government to keep them
out of the hands of the working class,
whom they had every reason to be
afraid of.
..'   Tueidiy, February 4th,
The Offensive Weapons Aot wai In
the committee stage today, .and provided excellent material for the shafts
of Parker Williams, a verbal battle
between the Newcaitle man and Bowser ended In a victory for the former,
in the opinion of the spectators, at
leaat. Many flaws were picked ln the
Bill from a legal-standpoint but undoubtedly the best hit was when the
Socialist made an Impassioned attack
on tbe whole BUI, aa a piece ot class
legislation, giving power to luch cutthroat bums,as the special police to
search any honest man, who might
carry a gun in his defense. If he Bad
his way, he would prohibit the police
and.everyone else from carrying
On the second raiding of the Landlord and Tenant Act, Williams and
Place called-tor a division, and the
Premier helping out a show ot hand!
took place, Williams creating much
laughter by holding hli hand up with
the machine till he tound out "
mistake. •   '
The Civil Service Act went through
committee and a shower of amendments crossed the floor from Young,
Provincial Secretary, arousing the remark from Williams that the Bill
wouldn't be known when It was fin
F. S. F.
'"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
Padmore s Big Cigar Store
your W INTER suit
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select from
FRED PERRY ii**J"*i^
i Corner Homer and Duusum Suss*
OFFICERS       ,
.   Presldsnt
B. McCrath.......!. ....263 Beacon St.
Machinists No. 122.
'  Vice-President
J. V. Johniton.S. 4, Call Blk., Fort St
Letter Carrier!.
Secretary and Businsss Agent
R. A. Rigg. ..R. 14, Labor Temple
_i Phone Main 1721
Bookbinders. '
,' TMiiurer ■
W. H, Reeve..........22S Lansdowne Ave.
- Phone,St. John 668
mmalgamated Carpenten.
,        Statistician
A. Heaps.......... 101 Mackensle St,
Wm. Miller ....498 .Victor St.
Dynamite Special Ordered Early
Representative Victor L. Berger, So-'
clalist congressman from Milwaukee,
believes that the federal officials at
Indianapolis used "a little too much
foresight" In ordering on November
18th—forty days before the Ironworkers, charged with the dynamiting conspiracy, were convicted—a special
train to take them from Indianapolis
to the federal prison at Tort Leavenworth. St. Louis "Labor" reproduced
photographic copies of letten, tbe flnt
dated November 18th, and othen dated
December 14th and 24tb, advising railroad officials that the special train
would probably be needed for January
lit, About a week before the jury reported on the cue a letter signed by
Ii, L. Kenslnger, superintendent of the
St. Louis Terminal Company, poiltlvely ordered the special train for Jan.
uary 1, or "possibly somewhat sooner."
The Jury'! verdict wai rendered on
December 31st.
Representative Berger his unt to
St. Louis, asking that the originals be
forwarded to him, with the Idea of
asking for a congrenlonil Investigation of the "foresight" of the railroad
and court official!.
.   (Continued from Pige 1)
Reiomm'inditleni if Commluion on
Tsohnlul Schools In Msnltoba, 1812.
1. " That lt ti desirable tbat such
meaiure of vocational training ai ii
found possible should be provided for
the people of our province.
(a) On account of it! value.aa a
meane of Interesting large numben of
pupili thit cannot be held by the purely academic work of tbe schools.
(b) Ai a means of a fuller and
more rounded development for all
classes of children.
(c) As an aid to pupils and parents
ln discovering capacities and aptltudei
to assist in making choice of an occupation,
(d) : As an agency for producing
vocational efficiency through the development of the activities, that are
In use ln the practical attain of life,
"■(e)  As a menu of elevating the
'Intellectual itatus of the worker and
oroadenlng the range of hli Interests
by giving bim an understanding of the
scientific principle! and haturel forces
that underlie the operation! of his
craft        *
(f) As a factor contributing to the
industrial progress of the community.
(g) As an agency tor social betterment through the Increased Intelligence and wider outlook and enlarged
earning power of numben of trained
2. That the foundation'of auch
training ihould be laid In threlement-
tary ichool lh suitable courses of hand
and jsye training leading up to reg*
larly organised I nduitry In higher
grades of the elementary and through
the secondary school.
3. Thai vocational and general edit.
cation should go band In hind, each-In
turn contributing to the effectiveness
of the other and each recognising tbelr
4. That at the present stage of our
development this can he done more
economically and effectively by the
modification of eiiitlng agencies and
the enlargement of their scope than by
the establishment of special Institutions, .
6. That a certain number of the
memben ot the advisory board ihould
be men engaged In the Industries, md
■elected on account ot their acquaintance with and Interest lb the ilms and
Ideal! of vocational training, and that
school boards be authorised to appoint
advisory committees outside'of their
own memben to assist them In the organisation and development Of the
work ot vocational education.
«. That school boards be authorised
and encouraged to provide iuch
courses ln vocational education as will
suit the needs of their reipectlve com-
7. That iuch provision should include carefully organised evening
classes, In which opportunity, would
be given to men and women engaged
in occupation! during the dayi to Improve their general and technical edu-,
cation,. \
That the department of education ahould appoint ah officer familiar
with the alrni and methods of vocational education, whole duty it would
be to advise with ind assist school
boarda In the organisation of iuch
That grants be made by the provincial governmeent to anlit In meeting the coit ot equipment and maintenance of approved llnei of vocational
10. That In any scheme of edace-
tlon looking to increased vooatftMl
efficiency, provision must he made nr
systematic physical education. '
11. That provision be made for the
preparation and training of teachers
to meet the requirement! of the new'
activities of the schools.
12. That when there shall be a iuf-
flciently Urge number of students requiring higher training thin ll herein
provided for, a technical college shall
be established to provide iuch training.
Frank M. Ryan, preildent of the
Bridge and "Structural Iron Worken,
wai released from Leavenworth-prima
on Feb. 2nd for 170,000 ball, pending
the appeal of the sentence passed upon
him. It Is expected he will be present
at the annual convention of the Iron
Worken on Feb. 24th. On his releaae
he waa met by Mr. 13. NOcklei, aeeretary of the Chicago Federation of Labor, In whose company he Journeyd
from Kansas City to Chicago.
The United Mine Workeri of
America now boast ot a membenhlp
of 880,966.
The United Mine Workere do not believe In "direct action," "sabotage" or
"hitting the. ballot'box with an axe,"
hut still thli organisation ll growing
at iuch a rapid rate, that mine bacon!
are realising lti power, and "direot '
actlonlsts" are searching, tor more
malignant Invectives to give efpres-
lion to their fanaticism.
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
046 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
."•be Morel* with the BepataUoa"
Full line of accesaorles
Repair* promptly executed
«l KAiraros ■*. ».
-rioas Seyjnoar THa       .
Ask Your BARBER For
Quality tha Bast
i. o. -BA-umi SOTMT 00.
siTBOiioir i	
I" »;l <»i>'*'£les. Ask for our ntVEN-
TOB'S ADVISEHwliich will Be ssnt free.
M4 University It, Montreal.
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main 8t Formerly at 440
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Yesr
Mlnen'' Magaiine 805 Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
A Joint conference of our delegates) penter.
to the convention of the B. O. Federation of Labor wai held last week at
Victoria, and It wai resolved to request the Joint Committee or District
Councils of the carpenters' organisations, who anticipate making a demand
for an Increase of wagei, to make
that demand on the lame date, a proceeding which, no doubt, would materially assist ui in enforcing our respective demand!.
In replying to thli, pleue state
wages, conditions, etc., In your city,
Tbe wages tn Vancouver are 14.25 per
eight-hour day, and condition! at the
preient are moderate. With belt
wishes tor your success and thanking
youin anticipation for an early reply,
I am, youn In unity,
The replies to thli are coming in
and will be considered by the carpenten' committee at an early date, and
subsequently be submitted to a mail
meeting of carpenten to be called for
the purpose of deciding what oan best
he done to tecure a rise In wagu,
which is already long overdue.
Meanwhile the carpenters as Individuals will have to get busy. It Is no
use shoving all the work on to a few
men—whloh is usually the case—ind
then when the time for a rise comes,
Jumping on those few men for not
having obtained that which oan only
be got by every union carpenter trying
to make at least one more union car
Tim Sullivan, of Tammany fame,
telli ot a. young phtloiopheer he encountered not long ago on the atreet.
Tbls lad wu of a diminutive ilse,
and carried under hli arm such a load
of newspapers that the Hon. Tim was
moved to pity.
"Bon," uked the. Timmanylte,
"don't all thoie papen make you
"Nope," cheerfully replied the bit of
humanity; "I can't read."
~ The aim of education ihould be to'
teaoh ui rather how to think than
what to think.-Beattle.
Imperial Wine
54 Cobdova Stbekt Wbst
PhoneBbt, »55
Direct Importero of
Goods Delivered Free to all
parti of the city
ohonl* si
school; aslsry, »78 per Monti.
to H,  Judd, secretary,  Bracken.
P.O., B. Q_	
th? Apply
front "and
Sittings of the Provincial Labour
Commluion will be held u follow!:—
Nanalmo—Monday, February 17th,
at 8 p.m., Court-house.
Cumberland—Wednesday, February
19th, at 8 p.m.
Alberni—Monday, Febr y Mtb, at
8 p.m.
Ladysmlth—Tuesday, February 26th,
at 3.30 p.m.
Bteveston—Monday, March 3rd, at
3.80 p.m.     '
Chilllwack—Tuesday, March 4th, at
3.30 p.m.
New Weitmlniter- Thunday, March
6th, at 11 a.m., City Hall.
Vancouver—Friday, March 7th, at
10 a.m., Court-houie,
The Commluion is empowered to
Inquire Into all-matten. affecting the
condition! of labour ln Brltlih Columbia. All persons Interested are Invited
to attend and give evidence.
F. RMcNsmara,
Secretary. ,
meals If desired.  Apply 4t» Helmokeri
CJ Do not waste your time, in
taking our advice, but just
look at whst we do and leave
the rest to us. All you have
to do is to give us the cop/,
tell us what you want, and
your return will justify your
confidence. : Why? Beoause
we print so .that you will oome
Labor Temple Building
Phone Seymour 824


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