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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 27, 1912

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 INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR CMfiOIL AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR.
--- -~t -;' ■.-■'*''■;;■.«;>«>>■>
FIFTH YEAR.   No. 90
No. 700. Watch your address label.
yANCOUVEB, B. C, FBlDAflJDECEMBEB 27, 1912.
Third Annual Br itisM Columbia Wederation of Labor Convention
rm THIRD ANNUAL CONVEN-'
TION of the British  Columbia
of Labor will convene
January 13, two weeks
iday. There is every
eve at this time that
ir throughout the pro-
tore strongly represent-
anuary, and tt was con-
been the most Impor-
of union officers ever
er one root In the pretentions are not uncom-
|re are many reasons why
convention will be differ-
as th Pacific Northwest
The Federatlonist feels
confident lt will be worth while for
every affiliated union to Bend Its full
quota of' delegates, and If there be
any unions unaffiliated they should
Immediately take steps to join the
biggest and most effective lighting
force the workers of British Columbia
have to define, defend and light for
their Interests.
To attempt to review the events of
the labor world for tire yesr would
probably be infringing upon the reports of' officers which will be presented on the opening day of the convention, the executive board having
arranged to meet In the Capital City
on January 11, so that its report will
be ready for the consideration of the
delegates the afternoon of the first
day's Bitting.
At the coming convention little
time will be lost to the delegates
listening to "addresses of welcome" by
law-makers who have consistently
turned a deaf e'er to the demands of
wage-workers, In fsct It. is doubtful If
any time will be devoted it that for
mallty. The entertainment feature,
too, will be largely eliminated, and the
delegates may make up their minds to
go to Victoria prepared to do business
from the moment President Wilkinson takes charge of the gavel.
At the first convention the follow-
Ing declaration of principles was
enunciated, reaffirmed at last convention, snd lt Is more than probable that
some definite .steps will be taken at
the coming convention to give effect
to the declaration:
B. C. FEDEP ATION
OF LABOR
Declaration ef Principles.
The British Columbia Provincial Federation of Labor Is or
ganlsed tor the purpose, of voicing the needs and aspirations of
Ubor, legislatively and other
wise; and to provide a place for
worthy members of Its affiliated
unions to participate in the discussion of those practical problems, upon the revlution of
which depends their welfare as
workers, Individually arid collectively.
" When the Introduction of the
modern machinery of production
and the harnessing of the fortes
of Nature, It le only fitting that
the wealth producers should par-
ltclpate In the benefits derived.
We, therefroe, pledge our
selves to unceasingly demand a
universal work-day of eight
hours or less; so long as labor
power Is sold as a commodity.
We believe there Is more efficacy ln electing working-class
representatives to write the law
than by supplicatory methods;
and our efforts will be-more in
that direction In future.
We are firmly convinced that
the future belongs to the only
useful people ln human society
—the working-class.
The Federation Is now a reality, an
established Institution In the counsels
of labor. It was organised in Vancouver on May 2,1910, and chartered
by the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada on March 11,1911. Its founders chose aB a slogan: "The B. C.
Federation of Labor Is organised to do
industrially and legislatively what its
affiliated membership gives it the
power to do," surely broad and big
enough to meet the requirements of
present and future. ,
The proceedings of last convention
were printed ln book form in limited
number and mailed to secretaries ot
unions nearly a month after adjournment, because of delay ln the printer's hands. The executive board have
arranged for two stenographers at the
coming convention and the proceedings will be transcribed from day to
day, and appear In full In The Federatlonist at the close ot the session.
Though not as desirable as book form,
it will enable practically every unionist In the province to be supplied with
a copy without delay.
Judging from the agendum now before the executive board, the convention will run well onto four days; and
it will be tour days of the most active
work ever done by a hundred unton
delegates in this province, which Is
no small order.
The B. C. Federation of Labor intends to "start something" on Its own
account next month. There will be
no room for men who make a noise
like a mosquito. Let every union In
the province be represented. Let decisions be made, and then, most Important of all, let the membership Hne
up as one man with the Incoming executive officers and be Men.
With this Issue of thirty-two pages
The B. C. Federatlonist presents its
first annual B. C. Federation ot Labor
Convention Number. When we started on the number it was Intended to
Issue sixteen pages, but the hearty
response of advertisers, not only In
Vancouver but In New Westminster,
South Vancouver and Victoria, matte
the present slse necessary. Naturally
such a change in our calculations, with
so little time ahead, caused all kinds
of commotion in print shop and our
own office. That there will be "bulls"
and oversights is altogether probable,
considering the slse of the.office staff,
but we profit by experience, and' next
year more preparation will be made
for the annual event.
This year's Convention Number
has given us an opportunity to get The
Fed. before the advertising public,
and It should result In a sufficient increase ln regular advertising patronage to make an eight-page paper
financially possible after Feb. 1st., ..
The Fed. has endeavored io present
a brief review of "Twenty-five years
of the Labor movement ln Vancouver," compiled: by George Bartley,
and a lot of Information has been secured that could not possibly be, written were It not tor the fact that the
veteran "historian" Is still among the
very few remaining old-timers still'
actively participating In the activities
of the trade union movement, It has
required considerable space, but we
feel certain lt will on appreciated by
a host of unionists now associated
with the councils of labor.
Mr. Geo. R. Fuller, who handled tbe
advertising end ot this issue, secured
every dollar's worth cf the business
on the merits of the circulation and
the paper itself. Many firms were not
even extended an Invitation to "come
ln," and over $500 worth of advertising was turned down, because of restrictions known oniy to the labcr
press, and, pursuing tha policy of The
Fed,, no "political" advts, of old-party
candidates seeking the support of
workingmen on election day. have
been aocepwd. But as careful as we
were In the rush a couple of non-union
"Invietus
Shoes"
for men-are
leather all
through
SOME makers of oheap shoes olaim that they use
oak tanned leather for the soles. If they do it's
certainly different from the oak tanned sole used
in Inviotus Shoes. Did you evere xamine the sole of
oheap shoes? If you did, the color was apparently all
right. But did you notice the texture of the leather?
Did you observe what a coarse, spongy, and porous
appearance the leather had? Compare it with the sole
leather used in Inviotus Shoes. The soles of Inviotus
Shoes are made of genuine oak tanned solid leather.
There's no better grade made—a fine-grained flexible
leather. It's really so fine and tough that you wonder
how the soles ever wear out.   We have your size in
Inviotus Shoes at, per pair
$5-oo to $7%
FOR SALE AT THE
Hudson's Bay Stores
CORNER OF OR4MVILLE AND GEOBOIA
advertisers "got by." However,
careful adherence to union principles,
namely, the demand for union labelled
goods, on the part of unton purchasers, will let ub out this time. Without any further apologies, and wish.
Ing "you and yours" the compliments
of the season, we present this, the
first annual B. C. Federation of Labor
Convention Number of Tbe Federatlonist.
The Printer's L'Envol.
When earth's last paper Ib printed and
the presses are silent and still,
When the click ot the slug is forgotten and the public has read Its
fill,
We shell rest, and God! we shall need
lt—lie down tor an aeon or two,
Till the Master of all good   workmen
shall start us awork anew.
And each of us   then will be artists,
, and each In his own sweet warn
Will set the Job as he likes it-and the'
  foreman have nothlngUo- say.
And no one will ever be grouchy aftd'
nose of ns ever will swear;
But each will be quiet and placid and
each will be free from care;
We shall work In a shop that's airy,
where the sunlight can flnd its
way,
Arji the kid who sweeps up will sweep
up, and no one will spit on the
floor,
And the "devil" will be sn angel for
ever and ever more.
Of "sorts" there'll be good and plenty
and all oi the fonts will be full.
And the Job will be ready for running
right on the first press pull,
And there in that beautiful "dispel,"
with beautiful type and tools,
We shell work and feel that we like
It, and "play tbe game" by the
"rules."
Ohl beautiful time that's coming; oh,
beautiful day afarl
When we work in the ideal workshop
for the God ot the Things That
Are. —T.P.S.
Royal City Wants Convention.
Labor men of New Westminster are
awaiting the result of the British Columbia Federation of Labor convention to be held In Victoria beginning
on January 13 with a great deal of interest, aa a number of measures of
vital Interest to this city are coming
up for consideration.
A concerted movement has been
started throughout the province, par
Ocularly the lower mainland, to have
the next annual convention of the
B.C. Federation of Labor held ln this
city, Instead of at the capital, where
It has been called for three years past.
According to custom of the past the
1913 Labor Day celebration should be
held In this city, and lt le understood
that the executive of the federation
will endorse the selection of New
Westminster as the gathering point
for labor men on tbat day.
Messrs. B. D. Grant and D. S. Cameron will be the official representatives of the Trades and Labor Council
of this city, while Mr. L. Netherby will
represent the local branch of the International Typographical Union at
the convention. In addition lt Is expected that others Interested will attend.—Columbian.
ar- i
SDBATB
A brutal animal employed as
C. Sugar
M Hyslop,
enraged
worker
I ted the
.times In
and lt Is
watchman by the
Refinery, named Rol
now in custody, I
because a colored1
named J. McDonald
plant » number .
search of employme. _
alleged kicked  the; poor man
to what resulted In Us death a
tew hours later..
In faot, If the .general attitude of the business office staff
of B. T. Rogers towards tbelr
slaves Is any criterion; It Is reasonable to suppose that, the obedient watchman followed Instructions to rid the company's
property of such a .pyfeaMMlis
idto-etoVH.seek^.n'B!**-*"'<v
Pending the flndt»»_
coroner's Jury, The Fade
1st will do npthlns
keep an eye on the' 'outcome1
However, the promise Is made
right now that the Sugar King
will not be permitted to make a
goat ot one of hie Slaves. Having been ordered off the premises once himself, the writer Is
in a position to know some of
the company's despicable methods towards workers Inside or
outside the unorganised snd
helpless, sugar-manufacturing
slave-pen.
Representative Coast Delegation.
Vancouver and New Westminster
unions will be well represented st the,
coming convention of the B.C. Federation ot Labor, which opens st Victoria
on January 18.
Victoria Painters' Union.
The Painters' Union at Victoria has
been successful ln negotiating a new
schedule for 1913, carrying with It a
raise In wages trom 14 to $4.60 for an
eight-hour day.
Dees Fighting Pay?
Ib there to be a change of attitude
towards organised labor by the Nor
ton Griffiths Steel Construction Co. In
Vancouver? Such Is tbe query being
discussed "on the corner" by local
unionists ln the building trades. This
for a number of reasons, chief ot
which it a number of changes now
being made In the supervisory, persons*.
L. T, English a Visitor.
L, T. English, managing editor of
The Alberta Federatlonist, Calgary,
was a visitor ln Vancouver during
Christmas Day. Lew declares the
prairie zephyrs are good enough for
him—and a lot of other stuff about
"you don't feel the cold," etc. At any
rate, he Is a live booster for the Calgary brand of unionism, and if the
rangers do all the things the secretary
of the Alberta Federation ot Labor
has mapped out as a program for the
coming year, there'll be "a good year
on the prairie."
Another Big Edition.
Owing to the unexpected demand on
the columns of The Federatlonist,
among several other articles, the two
remaining ones on "The Twenty-five
1 Years of Labor in Vancouver,' namely
1911 and 1912, are forcibly crowded
out. They will, however, appear In
the enlarged Issue of January 19th,
which will also contain a full account
of the proceedings of the B, C. Federation of. Labor, which convenes ln Victoria on anuary 13th.
Amalgamated Carpenters.
Tbe half-yearly election of business
agent and delegates to the central
body, B. C, Federation of Labor, etc.,
was. held In the Labor Temple on
Monday, December 23rd.
Result of the voting was as follows:
Trades and Ubor Council—J. A. Key,
W. Manson, J. W. Wilkinson, W. Fox-
croft, D. Dennles, G. H. Page, D, Morgan.
B. C. Federation of Labor—W. Fox-
croft, G. F. Read, G. H. Page.
Management Committee—J. Butch-
art, H. McEwen, J. Stewart, G. H.
Page.
Our present representative, J. A.
Key, was again elected buslnes agent
tor the next six months by a large
majority.
UNION HOETINOS
AT LABOB TEMPLE
rOB COMING WEEK
Sunday, Dec. 29.—Typographical Union, 2 p.m.
Is
Monday, Dec. 30—Electrical
WorkerB No. 213; Bro. of Car-
penters.
Tuesday, Dec. 31—Street Railway men, 8 p.m. Sign Painters;
Shinglers; Amal. Carpenters No.
1; Bricklayers.
Wednesday, Jan. 1—Cement
Workers; 'die Layers; Photo
Engravers; Amal. Carpenters;
Plumbers; Stationary Engineers.
Thursday, Jan. 2—Pattern*
makers; Ship Carpenters; Paint-
ers; Sheet Metal Workers; Bro,
Railway Carmen; Trades and
Labor Council.
Friday, Jan. 3—Upholsterers;
Electrical Workers No. 621;
Civic Employees; Molders; Letter Carriers.
Better Late Than Never.
Saskatoon, Sask., City Council has
followed the example ot many other
Western Canada public bodies by Inserting a "prevailing rate of wage"
clause ln all city contracts; though
the school board of the same city haa
refused point blank to do so.
■  How Cleveland Carpenters Do It
Since the Brotherhood Carpenters
of Cleveland decided on May 16 to
refuse to work with non-union men In
their own trade their membership 'has
Inoieased 60 per cent.
New York Garment Workere.
A strike whloh, lt is asserted, will
affect 100,000 workers In New York
is threatened within a few days aB a
result of a referendum vote after five
days of balloting among members of
the United Garment Workers of
America, More thsn 30,000 men and
women who voted declared for a strike
and a committee was appointed to fix
a date to* It to begin. Demands of,
the workers Include an Increase of
wagea from'16 to 20 per cent.; an eight
hour working day, sanitary shops, no
tenement house work; and abolition
of the subcontract system.
. tVtereotypers.
Tbe results of the election of inter
national officers of the Stereotypers
and Blectrotypers Union for 1913-14
hu been made public. President
Fteel Is re-elected by about 1000 majority. Charles Sumner, vice-president; George Williams, secretary-
treaeurer; Louis P. Crandall and
Harry W. Neall, board members.
Editor H. A. Mstthews best out both
hla opponents, and retains direction
of the union's official Journal. All the
propositions submitted to referendum
were endorsed. Under the provisions
of one ot them President Freel will
devote his entire time to the duties of
his office. His sslsry Is fixed at
$2000 per year. Previously he received
$600 per year, but was only required
to devote part of his time to the work,
The strongest argument in favor of
socialism Is its enemies,
"Silence Ib a lie that speaks louder
than words."
__?____________*?;,
I1.00AT8AB
The dsy of the two-bit meal has
passed away in Vancouver, even for
the class that makes civilisation possible.
Semi-official reports from Vancouver Island indicate that a settlement
is likely to be arrived at between the
locked-out coal miners of Cumberland
and Ladysmlth and the Canadian Collieries Co.
Dr. Edwin brown of Seattle Will
lecture for the 8. D. Party of Canada
In Dominion theatre, on Sunday evening, December 29th. Subject, "Political Socialism and the Working Class."
Good music. Questions and discus,
slons.
ulstrlet 18, U. M. W. of A. Offlosrs.
Clem Stubbs, president; J. O. Jones,
vice-president; A. J. Carter, secretary-
treasurer, re-elected, alon gwlth D,
Rees as International board member,
will constitute the administration ot
District 18 of the United ..line Workers of America, with headquarters at
Fernle, for the year 1913.
Local Labor Market.
There are at least two thousand unemployed Job-seekers in Vancouver.
Wage-workers heading this way
should bear this fact In mind. The
private employment bureau sharks are
making a better living than the real
estate agents.
Wage Increase Preliminaries,
The metallferous miners of B. C.
give promise of keeping the federal
Department of Labor busy appointing
boards of Inquiry for the next few
weeks, a good start having already
been made in the Interior.
Debate on "Socialism and Religion."
A debate will take place on Monday
next, 30th December, 8 p.m., at the
Labor Temple hall, between H. M.
Flttgerald and Wilfrid Grlbble on the
proposition, "Resolved that socialism
is not opposed to religion."
The audience may expect a lively
Intellectual contest, as both t hese
men are experienced platform warriors, who give and ask no quarter.
Grlbble will take the affirmative side
of the question, and Fitsgerald the
negative.
SIGNS OF A SETTLEMENT
OF VANCOUVER ISLAND STRIKE
I NANAIMO, Dec. 34.-Believing s
false Impression prevails In the minds
of many consumers of coal mined on
Vancouver Island, wbo are compelled
to pay exorbitant prices for their coal
because' of the trouble existing between the tinned Mine Workers ol
America and the Canadian Collieries
Company at tbelr Cumberland and
Extension mines, we feel lt Incumbent
upon us to give to the puouc who are
Innocent otfendors a statement of
facts In connection with tbls trouble,
sb well as to define the position of the
Miners' Union.  As early aa January,
1911, the men employed In the mines
of Vancouver Island began making repeated appeals to the International
officers of the Miners' Union to extend
the protection of that organisation to
the men employed on tbe island. However, lt Wat not until June of the tame
year that those In charge of the Miners' affairs decided to do so, and during the month of November, Ml, a
district organisation, composed exclusively of men employed In and
around the mines on the island, was
formed. No disorder wu created, no
deception wu used, snd no demands
were made of the mine owners. The
men were quietly affiliating with their
organisation, which wu growing In
numerical strength and proportionate
influence.   Then,  during September,
1912, ihe management of the Canadian
Collieries company, for the obvious
purpose of Intimidating the men and
discouraging the growth of their
unton, began singling out and discriminating against the most active
among'the men. Peaceful'overtures
from the-men for sn explanation of
the management's action met only
with arrogant rebuff,
This sort of treatment wu tolerated
until It could no longer be endured
without resentment Then, after
every peaceful means ot redress had
been exhausted the men decided they
would show their opposition to tuch
injustice by taking a holiday, which
they did, and after which the company refused to allow them to return
to work unless they would sign Individual contracts, the terms of which
mske the signers little more than
bondmen.
Since the men have been idle a duly
accredited representative of the International Union ot the Mine Workers of America, vested with power to
adjust the trouble, has been on the
island seeking to secure a hearing
irom the company, ln order that' the
>rouble might be settled peacefully
and by intelligent. conciliation. However, courteous requests for an audience have received no response from
or oorporatlonn It to sacred, nor their
position so righteous that ther <^+fi«^on"ever more
without question wantonly force bard- ■TO,,,U™ »VOT ~~>
ships and famine on defenseless men,
women and children, degrade social
standards of municipalities, demoralise Industrisl snd commercial tranquility and cause consumers to pay
excesslvle prices for a necessary commodity, without first having made an
Honorable and honest effort to prevent such an occurrence.
During this trouble highly colored
stories of wild disorder and extravagant acts of depredation among the
miners, all of which are skilfully calculated to deceive the public and discredit the Miners' Union, have been
ireely circulated throughout the province. The company hu sought to
fill the places of their former employees wltb an Inferior type of workmen, and the police powers of the
province have been used to quell disturbances which had no existence
only In the minds of those who
sought to deceive the public.
The United Mine Workers of America is a reputable organisation, having Joint working agreements with
mine owners employing 870,000 mine
workers throughout the United States
and Canada. We do not Invite industrial disturbances and prefer to
adjust our differences through the
medium of conciliation rather than by
force, but we will oppose most vigorously any Infraction of the rights of
our membership. In this Instance,
because of the obstinacy of the representatives of the Canadian Collieries
Company, we have no alternative
ither than to flght, and there cannot
and will not be any surcease of the
present conflict nor any recession
from our present position until the
representatives oi the Canadian Collieries Company Indicate a disposition
to negotiate a peaceful adjustment of
.ae trouble. Vrnui ihey do this the i
epresentatlves of <hV United Mine
/urkers' organisation will he willing
to do their part towards restoring the
coining Industry on- Vancouver Island
to Its normal status.
F. FARRINGTON,
Representative InttrnatlMal Union
of United Mine Workert of America.
There Is an unconfirmed rumor
abroad that the Cumberland strike Is
likely to be settled shortly, We have
no authentic Information on the mat-'
ter, but In common with' everyone
else In the district effected by the
present conditions, we hope tbat a
satisfactory settlement will soon be
reached. Those who have bee* on
strike know, better than anyone alee,
Just what It means. We believe that
no one would welcome a solution to'
Industrial disputes more than tho
great bulk ot the men woo go ont on
strike. There are sign that other
means oi settling labor troubles will;
be reached. Both employees and eta-
ployers will welcome such a new order'
of things. How much better Will K
be when tbe time arrives that men
will not have to lose work and endure hardships and suffering and expensive plants will not have to lie j
Idle because of arriving at an agreement than through etrikeas.—
Nanalmo Herald. >:,"•
Timber Workers'tigUnion.
George Hwtbsjrten, local organiser
of the Loggers' Union, left, with J. &
McVety, tor Seattle yesterday, tor the
purpose of a conference with J, O.
Brown, president o the International
Shingle Weavert' .Union of America,. i
u well u President Case, of Wuhing-
ton State Federation of Labor and
other union officials, regarding the
future of the workers In the timber
Industry ot this portion of the Pacific
Northwest,
The referendum vote of the Shiagle
Weavers to accept Jurisdiction over
the entire timber Industry hu been
carried by an overwhelming majority.
The American Federation of Labor
Is pledged to financial support of the
plsn to organise this class of workers
during the coming year, and the result
of the session being held in Beattle today will have an important bearing on li
the Immediate future,
That the few existing loggers'
unions will be pleased to Join with;
the Shingle Weavers under whatever
title la chosen Is certain, and with
ample runds and organisers under Use
direction of Preeldent Brown the pro-'■
ievir brighter; nor. wu each an or
Brotherhood ef Carpenters.
A highly successful whist drive and ■<
dance wu held In the Labor Temple
on Thursday, 19th December, under;
the auspices of the carpenters' organ-
isatlons, about 160 people taking part
In the evenlng'e entertainment' Tne
first prise-winners for the whist were
Mrs. R. Nlcbolls snd Mr. Wadlnson,
whilst tbe "boobies" went to Mrs.
Jones and W. K. Currle. After the
whist drive, supper wu served, during which tbe u»r w u cleared for
dancing, which continued until well
on In the wee. sina' 'oors, when every-.
one went home satisfied that the
chips" sre not such a bad bunch
after all. During the proceedings a
visit wu paid by Mr. Stoilerwerk, photographer, who secured a first-class
picture of the group, and has mounted them with an Inset of the Labor
Temple. Anyone desiring copies may
obtain ume trom the business agents
of the carpenters' unions
Labor Temple cigar store.
or In the
THE SUCKER.
By Wilfrid Olrbhle.
Ot animals tbat I destest,
The moat unmitigated put,
Most   loathsome   cumberer   of   the
ground,
It. he who crawls the boss around;
Of mankind he's a sorry fake
In human form, tn mind » snake,
His life Is one gigantic lie;
He Joins tho union as a tipy-r
A paltry purchase-fee to grab;
In times of strike he's sure to scab,
And, what Is still a greater crime,
He scabs when comes election time.
Ask Your
Dealer
ok for the
Labels
If you want the best, wear
♦
Buck Brand Overalls
Fitwell Hats
UNION MADE GOODS
Wm. J. McMafter & Sons, Ltd.
1176 Homer Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Wholesale Dry Goods andjgents for tht Manufacturers. mmmmmmmmmil
FIFTH YEAB^ No. 90,
VANCOirVER,S. CFBlMf.DECEMBEBgf'.lffl^
WAY)
II
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS OF LABOR MOVEMENT IN'VANCOUVER
4 tin fk "The lime had come for
1 HIIK the white population to
I WW V iobk into this important
(Japanese) question, In order to protect tnemselves," Mserted-R. P. Pettlplece at the T. and L. council meeting
(January 2nd). The Japanese, it wu
reported, had armed themselves and
ready to charge the Whites.
' 'The Trades and Labor council elected officers for ensuing term as follows: President, J. H. McVety; vice-
president, R. P. Pettlplece; general
secretary, H. Cowan; secretary-
treasurer, A. R. Burns; statistician, H.
Sellers; sergeant-ai-arms, G. A. Kll-
, patrlck; trustees, A. Smith, J. Cora-
merford, C. 1. Ryan.
The scheme of the Saivatlon Army
regarding sending, emigrants from the
old country to British Columbia was
acted upon by organised labor, and,
unanimously condemned by organised
labor (January 16th).
The r. and L7 council resolved that
a new correspondent -of the Labor
Qasette should be appointed, and that
tbe department of labor be requested
to appoint Ihe secretary of the labor
council (February 6th). That all cor
respondents'should be secretaries of
central labor bodies.
The carpenters Urged that the "fair
wage" clause should be inserted in. all
civic contracts, and also that tne half-
holiday on Saturday be retained.
The printing ot free text books for
sohools was taken up oy the labor
council, and it was thought that the
work should be done In the government pi luting bureau..
H. Cowan was appointed temporary business agent for the TradeB and
Labor council (March 6th).
The wages of olvlo employees were
reduced two cents an hour..
J. H. McVety and R.. f., Pettlplece
represented orgahlied labor at the
. Ictoria conference dt the Antl-,
Tuberculosis Society (March).
The brewery workers organised a
union. .. '
The T. and L. council requested the
minister of labor at Ottawa to have a
proper system of sanitary Inspection
Inaugurated along the entire Hue oi
the G.t.P. railway construction; and
also that each camp have a place reserved for the sick, lt.had been reported that Working conditions had
been approaching those of the Orrw'B
Nest Pass railway in *89V.
The T. and L. council put through
■a resolution to the effect tht a committee endeavour to organise the
various unions Into industrial sections or councils, such as printing,
metal, building, transportation, culinary and manufacturing (April 16th).
Some miners opposed proposed Labor day parade; tbat it be kept for
election day in future.'
Plenty of dissatisfaction was expressed regarding the actions of
general hospital officials.,
! The labor council approved ot the
Juvenile Protection association, and
elected J. A. Alcken to the organisation.
General President Wm. D. Huber, of
tbe United Brotherhood Oi Carpenters
and Joiners, made an official visit to
Vancouver (May).
'The Allied Printing Trades counoll
prosecuted an active union label campaign. The Japanese arid Chinese ran
printing offices snd carried on a thriving business, to a large extent deter!-
mental to tbe white concerns.  -
The building trades were very Inactive.
A proposition was made to organize
a system of labor bureaus throughout
the province to do away with the private ones.
The'election of officers for the T.
and L. council for term ending December 81st resulted as follows:, President, R. "P. Pettlplece; vice-president,
J A. Alcken; general secretary, H.
Cowan; secretary-treasurer, A. R.
Burns; statistician, H. Sellers; ser-
geantat-arms, h. Kerrlngham; trustees, Messrs Saj'sr, Dowler, and Corcoran:  • l "' *
R. P. Pettipiece was elected as dele-
gate to-the Halifax convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.
Non-union, firms were doing work on
the city schools.
C. P. R. Federated Trades report
that struck work is being done by outside shops for C.PR. AIbo that the
company s police worked on the turntables (Monday, August 17).
Assistance sent by organised labor
to Fernie for sufferers of the recent
disastrous fire, when city was destroyed.
The new city market opened.
The penalty clause for working men
long hours and the anti-Oriental
clause were left out the contract for
the Granville Street and Westminster
Avenue bridges. A screw loose somewhere.
Many complaints were made at
meetings of the unions regaraing accommodation at the Vancouver general hospital, is case of patients.
The C.P.R, strikers were sticking
out well, and all were in good spirits.
The picketing system was thorough.
Street raliwaymen were in favor of
initiative and referendum and recall.
Some form of provincial autonomy
to be advocated at Dominion TradeB
Congress.
Complaint was made to tbe unions
by the cooks and waiters of the filthy
condition under which vegetables were
grown by Chinamen,
Col. Lamb and Lieut-Col. Howell, of
the Saivatlon .Army, discussed immigration matters with a committee of
workingmen. They promised to attend the Halifax convention of the T.
and L. congress (September Srd).
The T. and L. council appointed a
committee to Investigate matters ln
connection with the TradeB Unionist,
the official labor organ, namely,
Messrs. Sayer and Knlgbt.
The Great Northern displaced a citlsen workman with an alien. Reported
to federal government.
The board of railway commissioners
asked by organised labor to make an.
Investigation ot the rolling stock on
the C.P.R.
Labor day celebration a big success.
Owing to time postponed sports were
held on Bridge Street grounds on
September 12th—Saturday.
Organized labor endorsed the action
of the Juvenile Protection Society In
asking for resignation of Magistrate
Adolphus Williams.
Union-made not strict enough in demanding union label goods.
Aid. McMillan opposed the grant of
the city for supplying uniforms for
high school cadets, and received the
endorsatlon of organised labor.
Japanese were working.on the: city
block paving.
Tbe Trades and Labor council accepted the proposition to call a meeting at which all the candidates In the
field for. the Dominion election would
be Invited to speak (October 1st).
The Anti-Tuberculosis Society lav-
»■-» A.
nrstsry-tr.asu.rsr TUoouver Blvislo
■o. 101,.xattnatloul Association o
Street and xnaosrto sMIlwey Imploysse
ored the "fair-wage" claues ln their
contracts.
C.P.R. strike settled (October).
The mo ot the. school grounds was
advocated for children out of school
hours.
The machinists reported that the
committee at Winnipeg had called the
strike off on their own Initiative.
Hons. Messrs. Campbell and Rogers,
of the Manitoba' Provincial Government, were Instrumental In bringing
about a settlement. The other
brotherhoods did not lend much encouragement. Montreal and Vancouver were reported to be places where
the reinstatements were unsatisfactory.
Preaident R, P. Pettipiece wu Instructed (October 29) by the Trades
and Labor council to prepare copy for
the November Issue of the Trades
Unionist. The executive committee
was also told to get legal advice re*
gardlng the existing agreement between S. J. Gothard, editor and pro-
prletor, and the council.
The city council refused to pay for
an Oriental school teacher until compelled to do so by the courts. . Approved by T. and L. council.
A protracted discussion took place
(November 5th) regarding the Trades
Unionist at the Trades and Labor
council meeting, in which Messrs. Pettlplece and Gothard and a large number of delegates participated.
Clgarmakers held annual muquer-
ade ball on Thanksgiving night.
The gasometer being erected for
gas company In Grandvlew was being
done by non-unionists.
S. J. Gothard refused to issue the
Trades Unionist ln sixteen page form,
and R. P. Pettlplece declined to allow
copy for a paper of eight pages. The
Trades and Labor' council therefore
decided to proceed at once to bring
abcut the ownership ef its own labor
Journal. The committee to do so comprised J. Knight, F. Williams, and J.
H. McVety.
The labor council assisted in the organisation of an association so that
workingmen who are householders
may be systematically placed on the
voters' list.   -
Regarding complaints made against
'he publisher of the Trades Unionist,
the committee of the T. and L. counoll could not see Its way to recommend the abrogation of the agreement. President Pettlplece having
put In his resignation as an editor,
tbe council refused to accept it (Nov.
i9th).
Several cases of destitution In this
city were reported.
The committee appointed to look
into the advisability of tbe Trades
and Labor council publishing its own
paper urged the advisability of securing power from the legislature to publish a paper.
The Trades and Labor council circularised the different unions of the
province as to the advisability of the
B.C. executive of the Dominion Trades
and Labor congress to call a convention of the Wage-earners' association
of B.C. for the purpose of bringing
about a "labor representation committee."
hour week at the 0-hour rate. '
The printers', clgarmakers' ana
street rallwaymen's organisations
have air cosed shops In this city
(February). '
The trades council Is on record
(February 18th) u favoring thla to be
made a national port, and elected a
committee, comprising Messrs. Cowan,
McVety, Ley, Brookhouse and Goering
to represent organised labor on citlsens' committee.
The Vancouver branch of the Inter
national Shirtwaist and Laundry
Workers' union suspended,
Premier McBride • answers twelve
questions or demands of the British
Columbia Trades and Labor congress
executive committee and announces
governmental attitude towards labor
(February Hth).
The Metal Trades counoll formed
(January 29th) comprised representatives from machinists, blacksmiths,
pattern-makers and bollermakers. Officers elected: President, G. Anderson, I. A. of A.; vice-president, Hayes,
Blacksmiths; secretary-treasure;-, Samson, Pattern-makers; recording secre-,
tary, John Braldwood, A. S. of E.   .:
J.'H. McVety and M. Dowler were!
elected to represent the Tradea and
Labor council, in the Tourist association (March 18th). . !
J. J. Banfleld addressed organised
labor on hospital affairs and assured'
It that it wu through no lack of effort on the part ot the hospital board
tbat the city did not take over and
operate the ambulance.
On account of retirements the.following new officers were elected to
fill out term ending June 30th: President, W. W. Savers; vice-president, E.
C. Knight; secretary-treasurer, G. W.
Carnock; trustee, J, G. Smith.
The Amalgamated Society of Car
penters and Joiners held a concert and
dance oh the evening of Wednesday,
March 81st.  It was a success.
A mut meeting in behalf of the
civic employees in their endeavor to
procure an eight-hour day Was held on
April 10th;
The working card system wu Inaugurated oh May 1st by the carpenters.
A protest was made by workingmen
against spending city money to fete
tbe navy of the Mikado. The city
council had previously refused the
shorter workday on account of Increased expenditure.
The electrical workers - were on
strike for tbe closed shop.
' Miss Daly, International organiser
tor the United Garment Workers, addressed ihe Trades and Labor council
(May 20th) on, the necessity of a label
campaign. "It was useless for the
men to talk unionism," she said, "and
their wives to fight lt through their
purchasing power being spent on nonunion goods."
A boy named Flnlayson wu sent to
the reformatory for five years by
Magistrate Williams, despite the faot
that no crime bad been proven against
him. Tbls and other absurd sentences,
especially those Imposed on unionists,
aroused the unions to urge the   dls-
A. Letradoc, F. A. Hoover, J. H. Ley.
The Trades and Labor council Issued an edict to the effect that a team
of horses found ln line on Labor day
with harness which does not bear the
union label shall be put out of such
parade.
Messrs. 'McVety, Harrison and Bab-
cock were appointed a committee to
co-operate with the central labor
union of NeW Westminster ln promoting a Labor day celebration.
On August 19th three distinguished
laborltes addressed the Trades and
Labor counoll, namely, Organiser 0.
0. Toung of the A. F. ef L.; James
Wilkes, president of tne Silver Bow
Trades and Labor council, Butte,
Mont; and Harry Withy, president of
Belllngham Central Labor union.
The Trades and Labor council de-
elded (September 2nd) to form a joint
stock company called Vancouver
Labor Temple Company, Limited.
C. H. Benson snd Slnfleld represented the central labor union at a speclsl
meeting of civic bodies and discussed
matters pertaining to the development
of False creek.
: J. A. Alcken wu s delegate from
the Trades and Labor council to the
Trades snd Labor congress of Canada
Which assembled at Quebec. Also be
was a delegate from, his own organisation to attend the annual convention
of the Street Rallwaymen's union
which convened at Toronto on October
«th. <;,.
-The Typographical union
passed a resolution' asking that the provincial
government abolish the poll tax and
raise the exemption of the Income tax
to 11,000.
The city counoll submitted a plebiscite to the ratepayers on the eight
hom" day for nine hours' pay for olvlo
employees. It wu carried by a large
majority.
The editor of the Wage-earner Joined the International Labor Frees association.
1 'The candidature of L. D. Taylor tor
mayor wu supported by a large number of the unions, and he Wu elected
by a good majority.
The stone-cutters union wu opposed
to concrete being used In the construction of the new Labor Temple, holding
that stone wu the proper thing.
The Amalgamated Society of Car
penters and Joiners requested; tbat a
fair-wage clause be Inserted In sll contracts for work on the exhibition
grounds. The attitude of the dty
council toward the exhibition building
came In for some peppery comment by
the Trades snd Labor council, which
latter body approved of the request of
the carpenters.
The committee appointed by; the
labor council to organise a provincial
federation of labor comprised S. W.
Thompson, V. R. Mldgley, H. C. Ben-
son, J. H. Ley, A. Letroadec.
a
of provincial Inspector of tramways,
snd E. 0. Knight for that of provincial
inspector ot electrical construction.
Plumbers' wages raised from 14 for
eight Hours to 16 (April).
Shinglers end Lathers held a smoker
ln Plumbers' hall on April 11th. Bakers
held one on April Mh.
. I Organised labor wanted the, olty. hospital braught tinder direct dvie control.
The Tradu and Labor council  do-
V. R. Mldgley sent u a delegate to
-,.        ,  , ,. „ ,„      .  , Victoria to Join a deputation to meet
JP?i£Pal.Wl£- *H!&<.8<'p!Sm* °"> awerament with the object of
ber 16th) sent ■ Sir Wilfrid Uurter, having the poll tax abolished, and tev-
prentfer of Canada, a lengthy telegram eral otherlabor Items discussed. The
demanding fulfilment of election prom-j administration  wu  also  asked  to
adopt similar rules and safety devices
for electric lines similar to those pre-,
vailing on* steam railways (January
,6th). ;. ■ ;. ■■:::',;„
The appointment of an inspector by
the olty council to look after wires
and poles in the city wu asked for by
organised labor (January loth),
'pstSJ^sSssSft president of the Inter
national Leather Workers' onion, visit-
led Vancouver. It Wu his first visit to
Canada.
; Plenty o* crltlolsm wu Indulged
over the plans of the proposed Lsbor
temple by the different building trades
unions and other delegates.
Trades and Labor counoll elected officers for term ending June loth u follows: President 8. W. Thompson
rice-president, H. 0. Benson; general
secretary, It. P. Pettlplece; secretary-
treuurer; Jamea Campbell; statistician, A. E. Mabbltt; sergeant-at-
arms, A. Dunbar; trustees;' J. A,
Alcken, A. Letroadec, V. Mldgley,
On behalf of organised labor, R. P.
Pettlplece attended a public muting
of Commissioner Coombs of the Salvation army regarding trade In pauper
Immigration to this territory.
Norman Brown, a stonecutter (January), was killed while at work on the
court house.     ,
V. Mldgley and J. Williams were
elected president and secretary respectively of the Building Trades counoll.
two. •. x-oxinn
l>r.sid.iit, of the -reunite* Labor Wtttt
of Canada, who hag chaste of tho aa-
—.... -■"la'lssw.ol »**
local union of an international o
tatlon refuting to affiliate Wll
local Building Trades council be
with suspended by said Interna
(November 3rd).
Clgarmakers held a anocettinl
November 11th, tbe fn»n*iitnt
700; ";.    ■
H. Kingham became bnsineu
and organiser for the .samstora
The necessity of the dty ted
the old court house wu point*;
by organised labor,
The Amalgamated Society  of
penters tad Joiners contributed
to the funds for the elections
pending In tbe Old Country.
Stonecutters were constructing
solid stone buildings st Northva
ver than In Vancouver, where
eotte seethed to be the favorita
ferial (December;.
WHO CREATES WEALTH
We have found thtt Wealth dot)
consist of money, stocks, bonds,
roads, factories, or mines. That
all theee tbe people might ttlll 1
We nave found that wealth cot
of good and.abundant food, good
suitable clothing, good and eon
able homes, dear and Intafl
minds, freedom to enjoy and dei
EXECUTIVE BOARD BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATION OF LABOR
m
•Prom !•« »o riirjvW. _ _J_^_^_*^_^__» T***b*tj
T. m. mflfltgT, «TW. ■OMrtl, XOfWl tfOBo TsnjlOr, r
WUk-sBioo, ». D. Orut, Wc-w *
mf*ttf, Tlotoiia,
1909
H. Cowan wu sent to
Victoria by organised labor to assist the B. 0.
executive of the Trades and Labor j
congress In urging the legislature to
pass beneficial labor legislation,
President Pettlplece reported at
length ln reference to the Trades
Unionist and also the advisability of
starting a new paper. Report adopted. - This In effect was that the agreement between the trades council and
the Trades Unionist wu at an end.
J, H. McVety was appointed to manage the Western Wage-earner, the
proposed new paper.
Precautions to-be taken for safety
of employees of theatres was a moot
question.
The following is the result ot the
election of officers of Trades and
Labor council for ensuing term:
President, J. H. McVety; vice-president, W. W. Sayer; general secretary,
H. Cowan; secretary-treasurer, E. C.
Knight; statistician, H. Sellers; ser
geant-at-arms, A. Fenton; trustees, S.
Kernighan, F. Williams, G, Carnock.
W. W. Sayers and G. Payne were appointed to represent the Trades and
Labor council on the board of governors of the general hospital.
James Grimes, general manager of
the Brotherhood ot Carpenters, visited
Vancouver (January) and did some
good work.
D, Bell was elected president of the
cooks' and Walters' union.
The Vancouver Dally World champions the movement for an eight-hour
day for civic employees.
The hospital committee reported
that every ward in the hospital had
been visited and found satisfactory.
Street Rallwaymen's union pur
chased a governorship in the general
Hospital.
Tbe civic employees ask for a 44
missal of tbe Judge, and consequently
be was removed from office.
Several business agents were In the
field, and reported excellent results,
the building trades being busy.
About the beginning of June the
great question of free speech occupied
the attention of most working people.
A committee of the Trades and Labor
council and the socialist party Interviewed the mayor. Tbe speaker
stated that the police were discriminating against the workers. No objection would be taken, said the interviewers, If everyone was prevented
from speaking upon the streets. L. T,
English, a socialist and member of the
printers' union, was summoned. His
worship acted, and there was no further trouble. "Happy Bill," a Salvationist, had been fined »25 or Imprisonment for thirty days. BUI did not
pay, and said that he would go to
prison. Yet he was allowed to go scot
free. The socialist speakers, on the
other hand, were fined heavily, and
held that their fines should be remitted.
Messrs. C. H. Benson, J. H. Ley, J.
T. Staples were appointed (June x7th)
a committee hy the central labor
council to confer with he socialist
party and the Vancouver Building
Trades council with regard to taking
common action at the fortbcomlng
elections. The Typographical union
endorsed the actions of the trades
council In holding Joint meetings of
socialists and members ot organized
.labor
Lei
tattaerworkers Instituted an eight-
hour a day campaign.
Election of officers tor the Trades
and Labor council for term ending December 31st resulted as follows: President, II. Sellers; vice-president, S.
Thompson; general secretary, R. P.
Pettipiece; secretary-treasurer, James
Campbell; statistician, C, Hathlson;
Eergeantat-arma, E. Lothian; trustees,
Ises regarding aslatlc Immigration affairs. "We refuse to be reduced to an
oriental standard of living," concluded
the message. Also messages were
sent to all the central labor bodies
throughout Western Canada.
Sir Wilfrid answered: "Quite disregarding the offensive Isngusge, 1 have
to inform you that no request has been
made this government by anybody for
the importation ot aslatlc labor."
Mr. Hamilton, on behalf of organised
labor, gave evidence to the forestry
commission.
Will Crooks, M.P., addressed a public meeting In city hall.
The clgarmakers held tbelr fifth annual ball In the Dominion hall on November 11th. A success, over 800 persons attending.
J. E. Wnlte lectured in the olty hall
on Tuesday evening, November 16th,
on "direct legislation."
V. W. Todd, International organiser
for the clgarmakers, addressed the
Trades and Labor council at some
length on labor and the label campaign
(November 4th).
"The Vancouver Trades and Labor
council unanimously protests against
the diabolical murder of Francisco
Ferrer, the martyr of free thought and
human rights; we solemnly condemn
the cowardly act on the part of the
ruling class, church and elate."—Extract from resolution pused on No-
vember 4th.
The Licensed Victuallers' association were Interviewed regarding so
many hotels employing non-union help
and handling non-union made goods.
A grand concert was held under the
auspices of the Building TradeB council in the city hall on Friday, December 3rd.
James M. Lynch, president of the
International Typographical union, vis-
Red the city (December), and was fittingly entertained.
President Thompson of the Trades
and Labor council represented bis organisation at the fruit fair committee
of the Tourist association.
Vancouver Trades and Labor council fixes date of first convention of
new Provincial Federated Tradu for
May 2, 1910,
The painters held a mut meeting
for organisation purposes on February
24th In the Plumbers' hall.
The lathers held a smoker and succeeded In obtaining a raise of scale.
Arthur Blumlll, a painter, died (February).
The railway switchmen went out on
strike.
The Bricklayers and Muona held a
banquet at which Mayor Taylor attended,
Organiser Love of the International
Plumbers' union visited Vancouver,
there being trouble on between the
union and a couple of local firms,
The Trades and Labor council prepared a draft bill to be Introduced to
the provincial legislature to make It
lawful for any accredited union business agent to enter any building under
construction, workshop or factory during working hours for the purpose of
looking into the sanitary conditions;
also the safety of employees from
danger while same are under construction.
On the grounds that tt wu assisting
the workers here and now, rather than
after death, the question of church ex-
emptlon was discussed when It was
held that the Labor temple also
should be exempted from taxation.
There were many violations of the
provincial act' governing bakeshops
taking place In the olty.
The uniforms of the police and firemen for this year were the products
of union labor.
dded to admit the  delegates of the
Ministerial usociatlon  oh tne
basis as other unions (April Mst).
F. 8. Thompson and R. P. Pettfpieoe
elected delegates to Federation of
Labor.
A semi-public meeting of bodies wu
held in city hall on Friday, April Und
st which the proposed university site
was discussed, H. C. Benson representing Itbor.
The bakers went on strike (May
1st).
The following platform Wu adopted
by Tradei and Labor council (May
Ind): (1) No poll tax; (1) no orientals
ln mines, lumber, fishing, railways;
(8) 12,000 minimum for Income tax;
(4) state owned railroads; (5) tree
land and assistance for settlers; (6)
48-hour week tnd half-holiday for
clerks snd factory hands; (7) adult
suffrage (male and female); (8) refer
endum; (9) government to own all natural resources; (10) no taxation on
improvements; (11) one representative to each electoral district or adoption of proportional representation.
Messrs. Youhill, Benson and Pettlplece interviewed park commissioners
regarding free swimming facilities tot
children at English bay and Kltsllano.
Teamsters held a mass meeting on
May 80th.
Robert Henry Neelands wu empowered to place names on voters' list
The Trades snd Labor council affiliated with the American Federation of
Labor (July).
Shop members of the   Machinists'
union went on strike for ihe 48-hour a
week at 40 to 46 cents sn hour.   The
Strike was general all over the cout
New scale for Job   printers—985.60
tor 48 hours tor three years.
There were 380 licensed bartenders,
Italian navvies on city work struck
r an eight-hour day with nine hours'
Psy.- •
Officers for ensuing term, ending
December 81st, were elected for
Trades snd Labor council aa follows:
Preeldent, H. C. Benson; vice-president, G. W. Williams; general secretary, R. P. Pettlplece; secretary-treasurer, James Campbell; statistician, A.
E. Mabbett; sergeantat-arme, A. Dunbar; trustees, R. V. Mldgley, O. Stowe,
J. Sully.
Child labor In departmental stores
snd elsewhere In the olty received attention of organised labor.
Unions voted In favor of Labor day
parade.
Organisers J. C. Watters (Tradu
and Labor Counoll of Canada) and
O'Dell (Boot and Shoe Workers' International union) gave addreues to
the Trades and Labor council (August 4th).
Children worked in Steveaton canneries among Japs and Cbinue for 14
hours a day at wages aggregating 60
cents a day.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier Interviewed
(August) regarding oriental Immlgra-
ton by representatives of organised
labor.
F. A. Hoover elected sergeant-at.
arms, vice Dunbar, resigned (August
16th).
The Trades and Labor council endeavored to have clause Inserted In
bartenders' licenses stipulating that
tbey will not work where Asiatics are
employed behind bars,
The Labor dsy celebration was a big
success, a balance of 1400 being hand-
Now, let's see who mtfeu tt pot
to have these tMnge-tne things
constitute wealth.
Labor creates wealth.
The pouessors of money, stoclo
bonds, the owners of the tarth,
consume food, but do not create
Ubor gooe forth sad tills the
rupe the grain, grinds It Into I
bakes it into bread
Ubor herds tbo cattle and si
slaughters (lie beet'Hid cooks
meals,.
Labor plants tht twee, grows
fruit ships it out and serves lt al
table, ■,:■:
Oan you point to one thing in
proceu ot obtaining food under
tent conditions that It not ae
pushed by tbe brain and muscl
laborT
Ubor creates clothing
The owners of the cotton pit
tlons and  sheep  ranches aad
worms do not create anything,
owners of the cotton gin, the tei
mills, and the tailoring utabltthm
do not work In them.    Stocks
bonds and money cannot raise a all
pod of cotton, a pound of wool or
dues a yard of silk.
Ubor raises and shears the sh
raises snd spins the cotton, gat!
aad weaves the tllk.
Ubor  cute  and  uwt,  fits
presses,   distributes . aad   furnli
every, garment from overalls that lt
Itself wears to the costly wardrobi
the millionaire spendthrifts.
Ubor creates the hats and
thou, the broadclota—everytl
used tor the body of man, woman
child, while on Mother Earth
when dead, from the baby't I
dresses to the shroud of our ll
ones when they era laid In the also
death.
Money cannot build u much t
wigwam. It cannot chop down a i
nor, turn, over a stone.
Ubor goes into the foratt fells
timber, saws It Into boards, laths ,
shingles, planes lt Into sidings, m
Inngs and finishing strips.
Ubor draws the plant and prept
the foundation, layt the ttone i
brick, makes the steel and Iron frai
work, cuts and polishes the gran
laths and pluters, paints snd del
atet.
Labor makes the furniture and I
instrumente of music, curtains 9
carpets, stoves and furnaces.
. Ten million dollars could not bull
corn crib without labor.
Dollars and cheques cannot wi
books or build libraries. Stocks I
bonds cannot teach school or run «
versifies.
Ubor brings about experience t
wrltet books, delvu Into science t
the arts, probes Into the mysteries
Ubor prints and preserves our 111
ature, builds our libraries and sent
houses, teaches our children and ■
velops the young folks,
Without lsbor there would not
one single school, not one newspai
or magaslne, not a chemistry or
ology, not a doctor nor an archils
not a painter nor a sculptor.
The time required to get the t
tertal necessities ot Ufe Is the peri
of our enslavement
Ubor, by lta Inventive genius a
Its ability to harness nature and ma
servants do most of our work hu, v
tually become the giver of liberty.
Ubor can in two or thru hou
each day provide the material neoea
ties for the whole race. Our period
enslavement can be reduced still fti
race to be free from anxiety u
worry, and to square such menu
moral, and social qualities u on
union men can picture.
ed to the Building Tradu council. 	
Organiser Scullen of the Industrial i ther and will finally be eliminated I
Peace association  addressed   several together.
meetings In thlt city In tbe Interests |   Ubor thus makes il possible for tl
of that organisation.
An epidemic of thievery of workmen's tools In buildings wu reported.
John Flett, organiser for the A. F.
of L, visited the city (October),
Four men sent up for trial on charge
of Intimidation In connection with machinists' strike (October),
Stonecutters wanted tariff raised on
cut stone coming from the U. 8. and
U.K.
Leather workers declared the local
strike off.
The molders (per McGeer) drew attention to overcrowding of theatres
and poor ventilation of ume.
The federal royal commission Investigated the local oriental situation,
The Trades and Ubor council advised that the proposition to build a
scenic railway around Stanley park
should be submitted to tbe electorate
for approval.
A fifth branch of the Amalgamated
Society of Carpenters and Joiners
formed (October) In this dty.
V. R. Mldgley was elected delegate
to A. F. of L. convention at Bt Louie,
Mo., (October 20th).
J. W. Wilkinson elected vice-president of Trades and Ubor council,
vice O. W. Williams resigned.
Mayor Taylor expressed bis willingness that the civic employees should
organise a union (October).
Builders' Uborers Induced to become Internationally affiliated.
The Tradu and Ubor council
William Rae received the endorsatlon of organised labor for th epoiltion ed a resolution to the effect that any
Two-Cent Philanthropy.
Whatever may be said tbat Is ba
of modern civilisation, It must at leai
be acknowledged that It affords ampl
scope for a vigorous development «
the altruistic spirit In the breasts «
those who are afflicted with a hear
hunger for the alleviation of tb
human distress, and a soul-yearnlm
for the application of phllanthropl
salve to the raw spots engendered b:
the yoke of class rule and economl
bondage. What a glorious vista o
possibility Is opened to tbe eager gaa
of thou whose uuls thirst for I
chance to prove the truth of thi
adage, "lt Is more blessed to give thai
to rccoivt!"
Were It not for the awful volume a
poverty and misery ground out bj
capitalist cirlliutlon, the charity
monger would, Indeed, flnd a nitric
ted Held In which to develop thl
highly commendable bourgeois vlrtui
of "of "sweet charity." Were It no
for the poor what aoul, hungering foi
fame u a charity dispenser, could al
tain Its desire at the expense of I
dollar and six bits worth of stale pro
visions and an armful of cast-off rags'
What altruistic longing could be satis
fled, what heart-hunger for doin)
good could be appeued? >:E3ifc^TTo:NrrsT
-raUDAS-..,,. ...BIMBMBSR IT, JAM
jpital  City Advertisers
\^ot>wern*-nt  in   Vancouver
.•—-—jsrsr
200     xa.ro     en-
uxxfair    shops
(inside   men)
butt   not   the
ilon.
ae> Cathedral
church bells
30 jp.xn. The
the church.
lxil*.<» between
luncll (June
whereby the
[es Unionist
revlaed by a
of Ut. P
..   *»V.   -von
ization
r In
tor Congress
Ion of Labor
str-ttz, claiming
'bo     obtained.
names of their members be put on
voters* list-
Not being: able to secure transportation to Beilingham, lt was decided to
celebrate Labor day here. Commltt-
tee: Messrs Burns, Gothard, Sayers,
Jenkins and Isaacs (August let).
President Haynes, of the Beilingham
Central Labor Union, addressed the
council at length upon the matter,
'nability to get cars or boats preven-
ed the proposed Joint celebration.
Delegates elected to Tradea and
Labor congress of Canada (at Winnipeg on September 16): J. H. McVety,
R. P. Pettipiece, A. G. Perry (August
1st).
The Anti-Astatic Exclusion league
doing good work. A. W. von Rhine
sent as a delegate to Victoria by trades
council.
Keir    Hardle,   M.P.,     delivered    a
speech.
Organiser Trotter of the Trades and
Labor congress, addressed (August
15th) the local labor council at length
on the Importance of the next congress ot "Winnipeg, and urged all
unions to be represented. The speaker
was thanked for his able remarks.
The city council was asked by organized labor to pass a by-law prohibiting; the building of dwelling houses ln
lanes.
The commercial telegraphers' strike
now in progress (September 6th).
A. G. Perry, J. Commertord, J. Payne
-were elected by the central labor body
as delegates to attend convention of
unions re political action, which met
ln October 15th.
A great antl-aslatlc mass meeting
was held on October 7th.
Air. Croot, manager of the Scotland
Woollen Mills, addressed the Tradea
and Labor council at some length regarding the garment workera' union
label and his attitude towards tbem.
He outlined his past history ln regard
eastern
s-U    decl-
to    appoint
June  20th).
ley    were   in
»—■    day    -this
ephens     ad-
Council     at
te     plstarue."
>   of  thanks,
their   laud-
Labor Hall
axsaedl    -the   ear's.--    sand    "*"-•-
re     the
HALL a WALKER.
Victoria has the Immense advantage
of being an open port the year round,
and has a splendid position geographically. It is an Island rich ln minerals
and other natural resources, and la
certain to attract In ever Increasing
numbers people from other countries.
One of the prominent firms who are
doing much in a public spirited and
commercial way to make this city attractive Is Messrs. Hall and Walker,
agents for Wellington coal, Comax
coal and coke. Their offices are located at 1232 Government Btreet, Victoria, B.O. Their coal bunkers are
at the B. and N.R.R. wharf. P.O. Box
616.   Telephone 83.
The officers of the firm, Mr, Richard
Hall and Mr. W. Walker, are both
energetic and executive men, and are
types of the progressives who are making Victoria a metropolitan city.
THE MELROSE CO., LTD,,
WALL PAPERS, V/HOLESALB
GLASS, PAINTS AND OILS.
The above firm are located at 618
Fort Street, Victoria, B.C. They have
been tn the paint business Ifor a
number of years. They desl honestly
and friendly with their customers and
friends. Their Interest ln the labor
movement and their promptness to
aid a better condition of things has
won them an enviable position ln the
business Held.
Thie firm Is so well and favorably
known to the trade that lt Is superfluous for this organ to go into the
various lines they carry. They cater
to a wide patronage, which they have
rightly earned. We heartily commend
'hem to our readers.
ifMV.
Wt est a«»ii«--anoo« District XB, United Mine
-WosratesnB otT a merles with baadquartsrs
mt -ramie.	
to organized labor and his present conduct, and his present establishment, to
the satisfaction of all present. He was
granted a special label for his goods.
Barbers* annual ball announced for
Thanksgiving night.
Delegates Ryan, Isaacs and Houlton
were sent by the Trades and Labor
council to ask the B. C. Electric Railway company to run cars earlier In the
morning.
-Co    great
Graft
c that a«
Le* left for
_ it or taa-
if machln-
a has made
mould be a
nlseation ln
>asted slclll
ency to belt, and the
•that he la
ender of a
all Indus-
»—• shows to
longer any
*. organlas-
ustrlal or-
but surely
the   tollers.
future
the*
l    tbat   that
es      of    their
recognlz '
. its the in-
encroacb-
irhen they
~ form of
etter Idea
dea which
."bo   tollers.
tbe con-
a, sand that
too for the
etter their
sv- organ-
rial field
instead     of
to     raise
of    wages
tbey    are
-to   the  old
s   increaad
.0   sv   lower
'based   ox*
at    ln   pontes     Is    the
rs.      But lt
avl      action.
ige   of  the
g    class   In
:las8     Is    s
point of
r- slavery
that they
10 market
immodlty,
isitlon to
:ipatlon.
ft package
tor power,
cot at Its
-mined hy
clal lahor
d as the
or to re-
e neceasl
essary to
ten wages
ecesslrles
ker   when
so    much
•er day, week or month la receiving
the value of his labor power, but the
iroduct of bis labor belongs to the
master class, and the difference bet-ween his value as a commodity and
the value of the product ot hia labor
Is the portion of which he is robbed
because of hia slavery. While the
worker In the past owned tbe toola of
production, the master class now own
the social tools of production, and It
la because of that ownership tbat he la
a slave. He that owns that which 1
must have to live owns me; be Is
master and I am slave. Where the
chattel slave was owned by the Individual, the slave of today la owned
by a slave owning class—the capitalistic class—and until that power to
hold one class ln subjection Is taken
away slavery will exist. But the
knowledge of their slave position Ib
slowly creeping Into the minds of the
-workera. Conditions sre opening; tnelr
eyes, and as this knowledge Is spread,
so the -workers will slowly but surely
recognize that ln the ownership of
the means of life lies the solution of
their troubles and the emancipation
of the slaves will draw near. The
only thing that keeps tbe workera In
their present position Is their Ignorance. They have been ruled, fooled
and robbed by their masters so long
'hat they cannot see the robbery; ln
fact, think that they are in that position because an all wise God has
"ailed tnem Into their present condition for their good, and the master
class have, by their professors and
parsons, fostered this Idea. But the
power of the church Is fast waning,
and the workers no longer can be
tooled by the vision of mansions ln
the sides, while their masters have
taken no chances for the future, but
have their mansions here and now.
The present system of society Is pregnant with the new order. It depends
on tbe knowledge of the workers
whether the birth of the new order
-will be painless or whether it will
come -with all the horrors of bloodshed and revolution. But whether by
force or by quiet evolution it will
come, because the present system can
no longer take the human race on
the road of progress; It can no longer
feed Its slaves, and must therefore
fall. The   mission   of   the  working
class is to bring about this change,
and it is because of their needs that
they -will and must take action to
forever wipe out slavery workera—lt
Is up to you. Do you know how
society Is constituted? If not, it is
time you did. The reason of your
position is because you are a slave
robbed at the point of production.
ihat is why you will take political
action, and that Is where power lies.
WILSON BROS.,
WHOLESALE GROCERS.
The city Is usually Judged by tbe
character of lta wholesale houses, and
tf they are progressive and carry a
live and up-to-date stock, snd present
a metropolitan appearance, the Impression created la most favorable.
One of the very belt wholesalers In
the grocery line In Victoria li Wilson
Bros. This Arm is noted by the excellence of the goods carried and the
uniform courtesy and fairness with
which its customers are treated. In
compiling a list of the great concerns
ieserving of mention from our members and friends we place this arm in
Ihe rank of the foremost. Its attitude
'owarde labor and the cause hss
been most fair and honorable, and
when called upon to help any worthy
oro'ect they have not been alow to
respond. It Is the principle ot this
review to foster and encourage concerns like these and make their bust
nees a growing success.
SPENCE, DOHERTY a. 00.
A  Splendid Place te Purchase Your
Hate and Olothing Is tt the
Above Firm,
Spence, Doherty ft Oo. Is perhaps
the most convenient and up-to-date
store in the city. Thlt attractive
concern Is located at 1116 Douglas
Street, Victoria, BC. Thla store is
most popular through Its fair dealings
with the people and Its sympathy with
labor. A speciality of the Arm la the
very flrat class stock of hats they
carry; tholr stoek In this line is unequalled In the city. The very best
makers and the latest styles. A full
line of furnishings and staple! snd
fancy dry goods can be purchased
from this company. Workman, It you
have a certain article tn mind call on
thla Arm. A by-word with the people
ie the highest class of goods st reasonable prices at Spence, Doherty's,
Spence, Doherty ft Co. Is perhaps
A splendid place to purchase your
'-sts and clothing is at the above arm.
Spence Doherty ft Co. Is perhtps
the moat convenient and up-to-date
--tore In the city. Thtt attractive concern la located at 1216 Douglas street,
victoria. B.C. Thie store Is most pop-
•'lor through Its fair dealing with the
pecple and its sympathy with labor. A
sne'lalty of the Arm is the very flrst-
-lasa etcck of hata they carry. Their
-»rck in this line Is unequalled In the
c'ty. The very beat makes and the
'"test Btyles. A full line of furnishings
can be purchased from this compsny
workmen, " you have a oertain article
In mind, call on this Arm—A bye-word
with tue people—Is the highest class of
-rrods at reasonable prices at Spencer,
'Vtierty & Co.'s.    ..
LEONARD REID A CO,
REAL ESTATE!.
One of the up-to-date real estate
arms that Is doing a great work In
building up good conditions for the
home-seeker is The Leonaro Raid Co.,
,vho have offices at 120-21 femberton
'lock, Victoria, B.C. They handle
lmber and farm landa, give attention
to all detaila of general real estate
and nil work Incidental thereto; they
are experienced and well Informed on
all matters of business snd Anance,
^nd their representatives are es-
teemed by the puullc aa Invariably reliable and worthy of confidence. . At
.his Arm haa at all timet been willing to aid our organisation, we take
-treat pleasure In commending them
to our readers aa absolutely trustworthy and deserving of their support.
ROBERT   ER6KINE  SUCCEEDS
ERSKINE A CO.
We are glad to mention Mr. Robert
Erekine among our trlenda, aa he la
broad-minded, public-spirited, and emphatically In favor of organized labor.
Mr. Erakine conducts a staple and
fancy grocery business at Johnson and
Quadra Streets, where every union
man may teel sure he will be accorded
courteous treatment and fairplay.
This business waa formerly known
aB Erakine and Co., but Is now conducted under the name of Robert Erakine.
In "Fret" Amerieal
The   textile workers of Little Falls,
*M.Y.,   have been on strike for several
weeks, and the authorities are getting
tired   of the struggle.    Soup kitchens
have  been  opened by tbe strike committee,  and closed by the authorities.
Strikers,    men,   women   and   children,
are    beaten    and    assaulted   in   every
conceivable   way   of  thugs;   agitators
thrown   Into  Jail,  and organizers kept'
out   of  the  city.    Such Is the state of
affairs,  and  It overshadows the cruel-'
ties   perpetrated  by the authorities ln
the   late   Lawrence  strike.
INSURANCE   POLICIES COVER
WIDE FIELD.
"Insurance policies for the year
1913," eaya Fred Sturgess, "have been
especially revlaeu to cover emergen-
cles which have manifested them-
selves In the past year; lt is my be-
lief that the liberal policy now offered
by substantial companies will appeal
to many who have not In the past
seen the advlaablllty of Investing In
thla class of security." Mr. Sturgess
la well known In Victoria insurance
circles, having done much to effect the
present high standard of the policies
he handles. The 1918 policies may be
examined at the offices of F. Sturgess
and Co., 3)8 Pemberton Building.
This Arm also engages extensively In
real estate.
VICTORIA-PHOENIX BREWERY CO,
LTD,
VICTORIA, B.C.
Looking backward one marvels at
the wonderful strides Victoria has
taken In Its march onward to the goal
of Its ambition. The metropolis ot the
Pacific North-west. Looking forward,
the future seems rosy and replete with
promises for a city of untold advantages and unlimited prosperity. In this
development no line of Industry bas
taken a more active part than the Victoria-Phoenix Brewery Co. With the
laboring man the quality of the beer
that he consumes Is an all Important
one, and where to secure the best is a
matter of consideration to the man
who tolls at his trade for day's pay.
This brewery company produces beer
equal In flavor and purity to the finest
brews In Europe. The belt hopt and
malt are used and treated in auoh a
scientific manner as to result In a per-
feet beer. The management always
keep the output at the highest state of
perfection, and none Is placed on the
market until It Is thoroughly aged and
mellow. It has ever been the principle
of thli concern to furnish a perfect
brew, using the best material, regardless of cost. The plant la equipped
with every appliance and Improvement
modern science can suggest. In carrying on their immense business the
company has constant dealings with
the laboring classes, and we are
pleased to state the management has
many friends among the boys.
The Victoria-Phoenix Brewery Co.,
Ltd., Is a most dependable concern.
The officers are gentlemen of broad
minded policy and liberal where the
welfare of the community It at stake,
and are ever alert to promote the
prosperity of Victoria.
CANADA WEST TRUST CO, LTD.
A aound, enterprising and prosper
ous westers financial concern Is the
Canada West Trust Co, Ltd, the head
office of which Ib situated at the corner
of Douglas and Yates Streets, Victoria,
B,C
The advantage of thla company tor
the opening of a savings account, for
appointment aa one's agent, trustee,
executor, or to act as the expert medium for the administration and liquidation of estates, perhaps, Is not found
more forcibly or Impresslbly expressed
man In the brief statement made br
ts president, Mr. D. C. Reld, when the
enterprise was launched.
He said:
"The Canada West Trust Co., Ltd.,
Is founded on sound up-to-date business principles. The stock Is common,
there being no stock bonuses of any
kind, and absolutely no Impairment of
capital. It would be Impossible to or-
ganlte a company on a basis more economical or more equitable to every
shareholder."
After all, however, results are the
JJJt Possible foundation for Judgment.
With pride the company's officers point
to the financial statement for Ull,
which shows a net proflt of $81,318.46.
From thla a dividend of 8 per cent wu
oald. and In addition a stock dividend
of 22 per cent. Besides, 115,000 waa
spoiled to the reserve fund, which now
totals 125,000.
™" 't a very meagre account of
what the Canada West Trust Co, Ltd,
'tands for In the Western financial
world. Most importsnt of all, Its functions from the standpoint of the labor-
ng man Ib the convenience It offers for
the party who wishes to save. One
■"oiler starts an account. Four per
Qent. Is allowed from the day It Is
ipened. If you were to start depositing your weekly or monthly Income
and paying current expenses by cheque
vou would be surprised to flnd how
much more economical la auch a system thsn the haphazard method so far
adopted In the average household.
WESTERN DOMINION LAND AND
INVESTMENT CO, LTD.
STOCKS, BONDS, REAL ESTATE,
INSURANCE.
With the opening of the Panama
Canal the seaports of British Columbia
will take on a busy and thriving aspect
'hat will be far In excess of the amount
of business thst is being transacted
'n them at present.
There Is no doubt that the Immense
business of the prairie provinces will
pass through Victoria when the Canal
la opened, and lt will claim a large
share of this business. The Western
Dominion Land and Investment Co.,
Ltd, with which Is incorporated
Seven, Gore and Eliot, Ltd, bandies
British Columbia Investments, stocks,
bonds, real estate, Insurance, etc, and
Is located at 024 Fort Street, Victoria,
B.C, and Metropolitan Blk„ Vancouver, B.C. They are members of the
Spokane, Vancouver, and Victoria
Stock Exchanges. At the present
time this company is offering to investors some very choice properties
in tbls rapidly growing and prosper
out city. While handling all classes
of realty, they also make a speciality
of stocks, bonds snd Insurance. The
members of the Arm are well known
and are representative business men
of the city. Mainly due to their efforts this company, through lta progressive tactics, are ranked as one
of the foremost realty and Investment
companies of the city.
The officers are heartily In sympathy with tbe labor movement,, and
bave our endorsement aa a concern
worthy ot the support of our readers
and friends.
WORKINGMEN, LET US FIND
YOUR INVESTMENTS.
Let us locate the unusual opportunities for your capital. A well advised
Investment will do more for you in a
month than you can do by saving in
many years. This Company offers
vou the combined advantages of careful management, flnanolal solidity snd
a wide, flrat hand knowledge of real
-Btate values. Our paid-up capital Is
1250.000.00. This financial backing
'tands behind you when you become
our client. You are absolutely assured of square treatment, and we
want your business.
Wt Have Complete Listings of All
Classes of Vlotorlt Property.
CAMERON INVESTMENT AND
SECURITIES 00, LTD,
Real Estate, Financial and Insurance
Agents,
Mr, J. 0. Cameron, of the Cameron
Lumber Co., Managing Director;
Mr D. 0. Cameron, of the Cameron
Lumber Co., Secretary;
Mr. A. M. Fraser, Manager Real
Fstate Department.
P.O. Box 886. 618 Trounce Ave.
Victoria, B.O FRIDAY.........DECEMBER 27, jUM
THE BRITISH OOLFMBIA PEDEBATIONI8T
Convention Number Capital City A®mml
LUNEY BROS, LTD,
In speaking of the Industries which
by reason of their magnitude and the
volume ot tbelr business operations
ln the list of the most propresslve and
Up-to-date cities of the West, we take
pleasure In directing attention to
Messrs. Luney Bros., Ltd, contractors
snd builders. Their location Is 608
Sayward filk, Victoria, B.C. Brick,
stone, concrete and sewer work is
their speciality. This concern is one
of the mott reputable firms of Its kind
operating In British Columbia. In
carrying on their operations the company has constant dealings with the
laboring classes, and we are pleased
to state that the management Is fair
and just ln the treatment accorded to
tbelr employees, in a business way tbe
lam is thoroughly reliable, and Is too
well known to need any further Introduction to our readers.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
Victoria It fortunate in possessing a
large number of meritorious concerns
which quicken the business pulse and
stimulate tbe growth and prosperity of the city and community.
Such a concern Is David Spencer,
Limited, dry goods merchants
snd manufacturers. Their stores
are located at Douglas, View snd
Broad Streets, Victoria, B.C.; Halting!
btreet, Vancouver, B.C.; The Crescent,
Nanaimo, B.C.; European Ottice, 78
Newgate Street, London, B.C., Bug.
land. Cable address, "Constant." (A.
B. C. code used, 6th edition.) . From its
Inception, 40 years ago, thli has
been one of the wide awake Arms, and
lis career is marked with rapid strides
along the roadway of success. We
desire to point out a fact which should
attract the attention ot our readers
when desiring anything in their line
that they have always Identified themselves with the cause ot labor, and
have at all times been manifestly fair
to our organisation. We commend
thla Arm to the citlsens of Victoria,
being confident they will at all times
be treated courteously and fairly.
REDFERN A SON,
JEWELERS AND DIAMOND
MERCANTS.
What better recommendation can a
firm have than tbe patronage of thousands of customers? It means that
the goods sold are entirely satisfactory
and that the prices are right Redfern
and Son enjoy a large trade. They
have a fully equipped factory for
manufacturing and repairing all kinds
of jewelry. Also repair and put lh
order all kinds of watches, and make
a speciality of repairing fine chronometers and repeaters.
The frm consists of Chas. E. Red-
fern and A. E. Redfern, and are
located at 1211-1218 Douglas Street
Mr. Charles E. has had 80 years' experience In the jewelery and watchmaking business, and worked as an
apprentice ln London, England. Has
been a resident In Victoria for over 50
years; is known ss a friend of the
working man.
■ALMORMAL HOTEL.
A finely furnished hotel and one
with all the comforts of a home Is the
"Balmoral," located on Douglas Street,
opposite the Victoria Theatre. ''The
management are experienced caterers
to the public.
Everything In the "Balmoral" speaks
ot perfection. The proprietors are
friendly to labor, and believe In Its
or-raniratioh The grill room la one
of the handsomest.in the city; cuisine
ot the finest; the waiters polite and
experienced. Orchestra every evening,
Twentyrfive Years of Labor Movement in Vancouver
BY GEORGE BARTLEY
1900
JAMES  LEIGH « SONS.
We desire to call particular attention to the above named firm, established 23 years ago. With the passing
of years and the growth of Victoria lt
has developed Into one of the largest
and most substantial concerns In the
city. James Leigh and Sons are manufacturers of lumber, Bash, doors moulding, mantles, stairs sud mill work of
all kinds.' Tbey employ a large force
of men, and are recognised In building
circles equal to any on the market.
We know of no Arm more deserving
of mention In this publication than
James Leigh and Sons, The management Is liberal and progressive, having
■ ln mind at all times the welfare ot the
city and In all movements advanced to
promote the growth of the community.
We take great pleasure In recommending them to anyone deselrlng lumber,
being confident that they will get a
square deal and satisfactory treatment,
Located at David Street, Victoria,. B.C.
O. J. B. LANE,
BOOKBINDER AND PAPER RULER.
Mr. Lane Ib a native of P.E. Island,
where he learned his trade 25 years
ago. He la an experienced printer
and bookbinder, and by close attention
to business and doing things right haa
succeeded ln building up a business of
which he Is proud. .
His shop Is located at 616 Courtney
Street,' and will favorably compare
with any in the city.
Mr. Lane hai been a resident of Victoria for tbe last four years, and is a
well known friend of organlted labor.
He was formerly president of the
Bookbinders' Local In Portland for two
years, and during hli term of office
was successful In securing the 8-hour
day (or the bookbinder! ln that city.
THE VICTORIA LEATHER OOODS
STORE,
1203 Douglas Strset, Vlctorit, B.C.
We sell Trunks, .Suit Casss, Kit
Baas, Gladstone Bats, Fitted Bags,
Brief Bags, Travellers' Stationery
Casss, Ladles' Hand Bags ot the Latest
Styles, and Everything in Leather
Goods. We also have Gentlemen's
Hats. We always handle Union made
goods if possible.'
CHRISTIE SHOE EMPORIUM,
A RELIABLE PLACE TO TRADE.
This establishment is one of the oldest and best known places In the city
to purchase boots, shoes or rubbers
Tbe proprietor, Mr. Gilbert D. Christie,
Is one of our School Directors, and hat
always taken a great Interest ln our
city's affairs.
He handles one of the largest and
best stocks of boots and thoes on the
Island, and the display of bit wirei
at his store, corner of Government and
Johnson Streets, Is well worthy ot a
Visit.
Mr Christie !■ held In high esteem
by all his patrons and friends, for he It
a fair minded man and dealt honestly
with the people.
CREECH-HUGHES ELECTRIC CO.
A beautiful and complete stock ot
chandeliers and electric supplies Is
carried by the above concern.- Their
show rooms are located 1103 Douglas
Street (next to Fort Street). If you
are unable to flnd exactly what you
want they will make fixtures to your
order which will carry any color
scheme or unusual design you may
mention. The partners are W. H.
Creech and K. T. Hughes; are both
experienced in their particular line,
and are very attentive and accommodating to their patrons.,.. »**\
They have been in business for two
years, and have built up a splendid
trade through their faultless business
methods. Phone 466 and get an estimate.
In January the painters
notified the master painters that they would expect an Increase of wages, the nine-
hour day, and tbe Saturday halt-holiday, to take effect April 2nd. At that
date a strike of a few days' duration
took place refore the new schedule
waa finally agreed to.
The election ot officers for the new
term resulted as follows: President,
Joseph Dixon; vice-president, J. H.
Watson; secretary, J. C. Marshall;
treasurer, C. R, Monck; statistician,
Will MacClaln; sergeant-at-arms, W.
Davis.
The T. and L. Council endorsed candidatures for aldermanlo honors as
follows: Aid. H. B. Ollmour, Ward 1;
ex-Aid. T. F. Neelands, Ward 2; W. H.
Wood, Ward 6. And for the Park
Board, George Bartley.
Organised labor asked that the 1200
election deposit be cancelled.
Unions endorsed the resolution favoring "Independent political action"—
supporting the T. and L. Congress of
Canada
W. B. Ross thanked the central labor body In person for securing his
release from the New Weitmlmter
Asylum, where he had been sent
through the despotism of the police.
The T. and L. Council endorsed
(February 2nd) the action of the
locked-out workmen In the Slocan ln
their struggle for decent conditions.
Robert Macpherson, M.P.P., addressed organized labor at length on
proposed amendments to the city
charter (February 3rd).
The T. and L Council decided to
celebrate "International labor day" on
May 1st by holding a mass meeting ln
Union Hall.
The bakers strenuously objected to
ELMER A MOODY CO.
Another enterprising concern which
has always been ready to assist ln improving our fair city and bettering conditions tor those who toll is the above
named Arm, whose city office Is at
133 Pemberton Block. They are
manufacturer! of sashes, doors, moulding, eto. They sre well known In the
building trades, and have hosts ot
friends among our members.
*J'     \-A   W/M ABLE 1
AUTO REPAIRS * MACHINE SHOP.
Let W. Mable do your repairing
Anything In his line'he does without a
Aaw. Auto repairs, trimming topi,
seat coven, envelope! and painting It
his speciality, and all material and
workmanship is guaranteed to be of
the very best quality. The shop lt
located at 711-716-717 Johnson Street,
if you are In a hurry sod csnnot call,
ring up Phone 1826, and he will gladly
make arrangements to tend for.your
work.
. Mr. liable Is a firm believer ln the
working man's rights, and Is lo sympathy with organized labor.
"H. a K," GROCERY.
This popular grocery Is located at
1426 Douglas Street, and under the
management of Mr. F. Hodge hu become one of the largest patronised
business houses on the street. They
handle all kinds of fancy and staple
groceries, arid never fall to have a
supply of fresh goods. If you are riot
already a customer, lt will pay you to
give them a trial.  .
M only ssftslaUat stealer ef the fro.
TUulaT Lsttslatare ot Alberts, repre-
satuig Bosky tnaatsvm tsisUar.
». t. TAYXOB.
Dlstrlot oncer of traits! ttuu Workers
of America—ut a rlos-prssltsii at
B. A tetsntlea ot Labor, wit* heat-
qaaittrs at Laajsmltb, V. L
non-union concerns being allowed to
tender for bread for the city (March
2nd).
In February the Pacific Coast Steamship Company started to put the longshoremen's union out of business by a
lock-out. .This pioneer union, however, was equal to the occasion, and
stood out against the tactics of this
SCOTT A PEDEN.
The above firm conduct a prosper
ous hay, grain and feed store at 1400
Store Street. It it noted for ltt reliability and known throughout the city
of Victoria. The gentlemen who comprise thlt enterprising concern are
highly esteemed citlsens, and indeed
Worthy of our readers' and friends'
support. Tbelr prices are reasonable,
their service unexcelled, and the treatment of all customers is without
criticism.
For good hay, grain and faed, pur
chase from tbem, for they are always
well supplied, and cater to the wants
ot their customers, At tbe present
time they haye four employees and
run two delivery wagons, thus ensuring prompt delivery,
VANCOUVER MILLING AND GRAIN
CO, LTD.
Industrially speaking Victoria is rapidly forging to the front rank amopg
the larger cities of the Pacific Northwest. There are leveral industries
operating in the city that ln site and
volume of business .transacted, are
equal to any In the west, an exoeilent
example" of progressive enterprise is
the Vanoouver Milling and Grain Co.
Ltd, Victoria, B. C. They have won
distinction as producers of flour of the
highest quality. The Mill is fully
equipped with modern machinery: and
supplies, Victoria, Vancouver and all
British Columbia. Their "Royal Standard" and "Mitiflne" flour (for pastry,
use) "Wild Rote," and "Cream Rolled
Oatt," are recognised for their superior
Ity over all other brands.
The Victoria branch Is managed by
Mr. R. McKee, a gentleman who has
unbounded faith In the great future
for British Columbia, and Is an able
and progressive business man.
COMPLETE HOME FURNISHERS.
P. Hallwards, Ltd, 621 Fort Street,
makes a speciality of taking a home
the moment the builder has completed
his work, and furnishing It from top to
bottom. Every one appreciate! tho
convenience of being able to do all the
purchasing for a home at one atore.
Hallwards, Ltd., have repeatedly manifested their friendliness towarda organised labor, and we are glad to call
them our friends.
THE HOUSE OF HOBBERLIN,
KNOWN AS
THE COMMONWEALTH.
This concern stands in high favor
with shoppers, who realise that they
are biiTlrif from a firm which is keenly
alert to keeping up with the timet,
and they are sure to get the latest
Ideas at popular prices.
The proprietors, Rosenbaum and
Harris, have, had 25 years' experience
In the clothing business, the list 22 of
which they have been residents of this
city. They sre well known to Union
men as their friends, and enjoy a
large patronage from them.
Mr. A. M. Sommer, the manager of
(hi 720 Yates Street store, bat been
actively engaged with Organised'Lsbor Un'ons for over 25 years He is a
mewrer «f the "Elks" end Mstonlc
orders. Formerly President of Labor
Temple Association In Beattle.
JAMES BAVi HOTEL,
Thtt well known hostelry contains
76 rooms, all modern and well fur-
nished. The location at 270 Government Street Is a good one, being in
one or the prettiest residence districts of the city, and only 10 minutes
car ride from centre of the town. It
about 6 minutes' walk to Beacon Hill
Park and Harbor Views, which makes
It a delightful summer residence.
The experienced host, Mr. Allan Mc-
Allister, eaten to the requirements
and comfort of hli patrons. On the
ground floor are located the well constructed arid handsomely equipped
cafe and tea rooms. The cooking is
excellent, and the service of the best
We cheerfully recommend our visiting
friends to become acquainted with Mr.
McAllister.
BAGSHAWE AND CO.
Never has Victoria offered the splendid opportunities that are to be had
today. The firm of Bagshawe and Co.,
which has offices at 224-225 Pemberton
Building, for, the transaction of Real
DOMINION ADVERTISING  SIGNS
AND NOVELTIES, LTD.
The time has arrived when tbe
future of large advertising must be
taken Into more careful consideration,
the aggressive tactics of the above
firm has succeeded beyond their fondest hopes. In his report this year the
president had s few things to say as
to the progress which may be attained
by a live advertising campaign—to
quote, "Business men must keep their
names before the public, and one of
the most effective ways to do this Is
by the use of signs and advertising
novelties. The novelty business has
grown to very large proportions, and
has been used to a certain extent on
tbls coast, but not nearly to the extent
that It should be used. There is a vast
opportunity for improvement and we
Intend to do everything that can possibly be done to bring this to the attention of business men, not only In
Victoria but In Vancouver and throughout British Columbia."
The officers of the Company are all
men who have had considerable experience along these lines, The firm
are keeping in touch with tbe manufacturers and will present all the new
ideas they can as they come out The
offices of this concern are located at
581 Central Building, Victoria, B. C.
Their trade mark is "We Grip Trade."
The officers are H. W. Fullerton,
president, T. C. Fulton, vice-president,
and Mr. J. F. Mosby, secretary-treasurer.   It is the principle of organized
Estate and Lands business, is one lsbor to foster and encourage business
men of this character and make their
business a growing success.
CHARTER MEMBER OF BRICK
LAYERS' UNION.
Jas. Cripps is still a loyal supporter
of organised labor, In spite of the fact
tbat he Is now engaged In the sale of
real estate, timber and Insurance. Mr.
Cripps was a charter member of the
Vancouver Bricklayers' Union, and
has assisted ln many material ways to
support the principles of organised
labor. We are glad to call him friend,
and to recommend him to organised
labor for its patronage.
which ts founded on honor, and on
whom any patron may plaoe the utmost reliance.
The Arm are offering Panama sub-
division lots, ranging from 1460.00 up.
Terms, 10 per cent, cash, 10 per cent,
per quarter, or 215.00 per month.
Car line througn the property, roads
and sidewalks completed. Another
very attractive proposition they have
Is f> clear blocks adjoining Dominion
Government Experimental Farm,
Saanlch; Al land, near B.C. Electric
R.R., close to the sea, from 2460,00 per,
icre to 2500.00, one quarter cash;
terms 1-22 years,
powerful organization' for several
months and won. Supt. H. H. Lloyd,
of the company, and John Williamson,
William Vilet and George Kennedy,
of the union, and B. P. Brenner, labor
commissioner, reached the aettlement
whereby the- walking delegate was retained, and 38 and 40 cento an hour
for day and night work became the
standard wage.
A mass meeting of carpenters was
held ln Union Hall (Match 80). John
Morton was chairman. It was resolved that a 60-hour week with Saturday half-holiday and 88H cents an
hour be the new schedule. This went
Into effect on April 1st k
The Independent, official labor
paper, Was Issued (March Slat).
On March 22nd, Hon. Mr. Mulock, In
tbe House of Commons, moved the
resolution bringing Into existence the
"fair wage" clause, -wblch hsd been
fought for by the chief labor bodies
throughout Canada for very many
years. The late D. J. O'Donoghue,
ex-M.P.P. for Ottawa, aad tbe late
Geo R Maxwell, M.P. for this (Bur-
rard) district, next to Mr. Mulock himself, were given due credit for their
most Indefatigable services, carried on
for several years, to Induce the Government to pass this piece ot legislation, which meant so much for labor.
Later on "Dan" O'Donoghue waa appointed "fair wage'' officer. He had
been aeeretary of the legislative committee of tbe Toronto T. and L. Council for 18 years. That body passed a
lengthy resolution complimenting him
for his great work.
Secretary J. C. Marshall, of the
looal T. and L. Council, was Instructed to write a lengthy letter to Hon.
Mr. Mulock heartily endorsing his action and thanking him on behalf of
organized labor. Mr. Mulock sent a
suitable reply to Vancouver. During
the summer Mr. O'Donoghue paid a
lengthy visit to this province. ".;  '
The first annual ball and supper ot
the Tradea and Labor council was
held on April 16th ln O'Brien hall,
about 100 couples being present.
The City Council granted 1500 towards the celebration of Labor Day.
On April 20th the Trades and Labor
Council refused to seat delegates from
the Socialist Trades and Labor Alliance.
Chief ot Police Main bad been murdered In the spring at Steveston by a
Chinaman. The Tradea and Labor
Council sent strong anti-Chinese resolution! to Ottawa op the matter,
A resolution of Aldermen Baxter
and Wood (April 23rd) was passed by
the City Council favoring the "fair
wage" clause ln all public contracts,
A special meeting was held the tame
week, and it wai rescinded. Aldermen Baxter and Wood then moved
that "the sewers be constructed by
day labor."   Motion lost
The Bricklayers' and Stonemasons'
Union decided to allow Its members
to contract for work on account of
the action of the Builders' Exchange.
An anti-Japanese agitation set In.
Tho Socialists of British Columbia
nominated (October 3rd) Will MacClaln for the House of Commons to
contest the district of New Westminster.
In October It was revealed that the
Chinese outnumbered tbe whites In
the tailoring Industry of Vancouver.
In November, Ralph Smith, leader
of the Canadian Independent Labor
party, was elected for .Vancouver
(Nanaimo) district. W. Sloane, Liberal, and C, Wooley, Conservative,
were his opponents. Will MacClaln,
Socialist, and W. W. B. Molnnes, Liberal, aleo strongly opposed Mr. Smith
an the platform. Chris. Foley, too,
had a three cornered contest In Yale-
Cariboo, and lost by but a few votes.
Death of Charles Kalne, November
loth. For a number of yeara he represented the Amalagamated Society
of Carpenters and Joiners on the T.
und L. counoll and was Its treasurer.
J H. Hawthornthwalte (November)
nominated as Independent Labor can-
dilate for tbe local house for Nanalmo, and Robert Macpherson for
Vancouver City.
Geo. R, Maxwell, the Labor-Liberal
candidate, was elected (December
6th) to the House of Commons over
James H, Garden, Conservative.
Nationalization of Mongolians became a live question,
A new schedule of wages and rules
was adopted by the Bakers' Union.
The newsboys wss tendered a citizens' banquet ou New Year's eve In
Union Hall by the Independent, the
official Labor organ. Mayor Garden
presided at the function.
About the middle of April fishermen's unions became very active. Or-
ganlzer Joseph H. Watson had succeeded organising the fishermen of
Vancouver with an A. F. of L. charter,
while thos eat New Westminster
worked under a charter Issued by
the Trades and Labor Congress, with
a membership of over 200. A delegation from Vancouver went over to the
Royal city to consult wltb representatives on the matter of perfecting
their organization before the big fishing season opened up. Those who went
to New Westminster were Capt J. Mc-
Carty, Mr. Munyon, T. Durham, P. Wiley and Frank K. Rogers. The result
of this conference was that a very
agreeable understanding was arrived
at whereby no stone would be left
unturned to pull together under the
Canadian banner. When the great
strike on the Fraser river was declared
and became general oo July 11th, some
7,000 men were ln the unions. They
were of all creeds, nationalities arid
colon, and were determined to flght
for their rights. Steveston wis the
seat of war, from which1 point were
distributed the dally rations to those
on strike, whloh was kept up for nearly a month. At a meeting held tn
Union hall, corner Homer and Dunsmuir streets, a further resolution wat
patied to stand by the previous resolution, to the effect, "26 cent! a fish or
no Ash." Among the ipeaken were
Jot. H. Watson, Capt McCarty, W.
MacClaln and others. On Saturday,
July 14th, a monitor procession of
fishermen and sympathisers was held.
As the big army of men moved along,
Will MacClaln and Harry Slbble took
up a collection from the bystanders
and on-looken, which helped to swell
the strike funds considerably. After
the parade a monitor outdoor meeting
was held In front of the old court
home, at which speeches were delivered by Will MacClaln, Joseph Watson,
Jos. Dixon, John Pearey, Capt. Anderson and others. A few days later a
aettlement waa arrived at
On September It, 1900, the Vancouver Labor party decided to fuse wltb
the Liberals and nominate a candidate.   A platform waa alto adopted:
PRINCE GEORGE HOTEL.
Victoria Is the haven for
loven of the beautiful arid picturesque. It has the forest, the glens:
and the roadi, than which there la ao
better on the continent - This city,
famous for lta natural beauty, il the
favorite resldental spot ot the Dominion. Victoria history goes back to the
time when the mainland was an unknown and unexplored wlldtrness, yet
by s chain of peculiar circumstances
had not greatly advanced la the Industrial or commercial world until five or
six yean ago. At' that time Victoria
threw off it lethargy, snd hu come to
the front aa one of the commercial
cities of the Dominion; arid lta attractions are luch that the visitors and
tourists from the larger cities of the
world are st once struck with Itl
glories ss a perfect city.
Prominent among the lint clsss
hotels which have done much to
make the sojourn of the tourist
comfortable In the Queen City Is the
Prince George Hotel. The proprietor,
alms to give solid comfort to the
stranger In a strange land, and hat-
spared no expense In equipping the
Prince George with every convenience
necesssry to tbelr comfort and rest
Mr. W. L. Coatea employs a staff ot
competent people, who give guests
amiable sad courteous treatment Ia
connection with the rooming service,
this hotel has a flrst class cafe, where
the "nest malt sre procurable; also
a bar, which supplies to its eustomen
the best imported wines arid liquors.
Few of the stock' and' IffiMim
companies hi 'the enV et' '"vltJhWi*
have bad the local experience br
have gained the repntattoa tor Hhrh
grade efficiency as Use:> abew Era
Their offices are located atearner,of
View and Douglas Streets, Victoria,
BC.   PO. Bos, IOR.  Cable eddreSa,
Floyall," Victoria.  ' A. B: O. 1th
Edition aad Western Union Candle.
Membtfi Victoria < Stook ■sebaage
and Victoria Real Estate sftriuvngs,
They have built'up aa extensive clien-
teale throughout the city and province,
4W-Fed. Special ...... .; ..v.AJ*t
and their field It rapidly toorestlag.
They have a special depart-ntstt tor
the collection oi rents, dlridtadi aad
payments on real estate. Their suo-
cess ln this has been phenomenal,
We sdvise you to let tkoa tost atter
your Interests. We gladly give the
name of Hall and Flayer honorable
mention In thlt our annual coaveaUoa
number.     .
(1) Mitrihutlon of parliamentary" rep- J^^^l^" ^J!_f_
mentation on a uniformly equitable S^JIA^J
basis; (2) public ownenhlp of mono-
polles; (1) public revenue! railed by a
tax on land values; (4) governmental
control of the medium of exchange;
(6) day labor on public works; (6)
abolition of assisted immigration and
abolition of Asiatic Immigration j (7)
abolition of the senate and introduction of ulrect legislation. Geo. Wllby
was president and L. D. Taylor secretary.  Among those Who took a prom-
JEWELLERY DECLARED POPULAR
GIFT FOR 1*12.
The demand for (
is stronger than ever, tntordUg to
advices received froiri a
centres. Thtt report was ve
locally by Llttlfi arid Taylor.'*.'"
at Ml fort Strait,~
ceived many order
jewellery, and the i
graving denartmenti
taxed with work during tbe past three
weekt. Original dsttgnt'-tfir■£.'.distinction which cannot be obtained in
the regular stock articles. Utile and
Taylor; have enjoyed a liberal patronage from organised labor, jlue to the
friendly attitude they have; shown at
every opPOrtririltT, ,t/; ,  ,'-,}-//};>!
Brackman-KerrMilling Ce, Main). Extensive Plans tor Markettna
1111 Gnln PrtdMit*
Thli yar has given Canada a record
__      _ breaking
We'with' for irSMver livi.etal circles
Writer art Orgulsn, with
ten at Taaeoaver.
aSStiZ
rooms, most of which have private
baths, telephones and hot arid cold
water. A free 'but meets sll trains
and boats.
The Prince George Is centrally located, which fact give lu guests easy
access to shops, churches arid
theatres. Its location Is on the 8.W.
corner of Douglas and Pandora.
Street can transfer from all parti of
the dty, docks and depots.
It li hotels of this character which
form the backbone of the dty'a progress, and they should be encouraged
to long ai tbelr affairs are managed
In such a capable','and commendablo
manner,
creasing success arid popularity.
CANADA MOSAIC TILE CO.
It li something of distinction among
manufacturing firms in this city to be
able to claim that they are the flnt
tile factory established In Canada.
There are not many engaged ln the
pursuit of commerce can do so, Mr.
George Ager, the resourceful manager
of tbe Canada Mosaic Tile Co., is to
be complimented in bringing this valuable industry io' the foil in a comparatively short space of time. The
factory Is located corner of Lampion
■and Victoria West, the tiles are
made entirely!trom local products,
and their output li about I'M!) feet ot
tiling per day, suplying all Government contracts. The office suite 11 Is
In the Metropolitan Blk, Victoria, B.C.
Factory phone, M. 2413; office phone,
1045. P.O. Box; iiri.
THE VANCOUVER  PORTLAND
CEMENT CO, LTD.
Local builders have found the advantage In using Vancouver Portland
Inent part In the labor party were:
Wm. Davis, John Morton, H. Cowan, J.
V, Cook, J. Dixon, John Pearey, T.
Wise, A. McWhlrter, J, Watklna, M,
Little, P, McAllister, S. C. Campbell,
H. Williamson, J. H. Browne, J. H.
Watson, H. Buckle, O. Dibden, C. Salter, W. Pound, 0. Zwtck.
ng grain crop, and thli In flaan-
. Irclei li contldered a good' criterion of prosperity. VtU It li a
general Impression that good orope
mean plenty <rt money, the fact that
a method of producing and marketing
the products of grain it absolutely essential Is overlooked by many. No
good grata country to-complete without lta mills, and thlt section It particularly fortunate In having the
Brackman-Kerr Milling plant In lta
midst. This company operate! from
the Great Lakes to Use Pacific Ocean,
and employs thousands of men. They
are-classed With tbe largest grain
buyers. BaV/K bresJpit food ii one
or tbe popular prodaeto ot their mill,
and there Is leercthra home In the
entire Dominion where this morning
food It not used,
PUBLIC DEMAND FOR SANITARY
MARKETS REALIZED BY
.,/ * LOCAL CONCERN. T
While there hu been a gradually
increasing .demand for sanitation la
markets and groceries, It li only lately
that some ot the leading dealen have
equipped what cat) be called strictly
cement on. M .netting value 1.1 %%V^tllW'ud T^£*
the erection of fire proof bdlW.   gg»    KMud%2&.,   we*
among the flnt In Victoria to mete)
the popular demand.   Thla store has
add
BI8SELS CIOTHING.
When patronizing Blssells' Clothing
Emporium you are giving your business to a concern that it eminently
deserving of recognition for fair deal'
ing and public spirltedness. Their location Is 1314 Douglas St., Victoria,
B.C. We are glad to be able to aay
that they count a large number of our
members among their eustomen, and
we hope to see the number lncreaae.
This business has been in operation
In Victoria for a number ot years.
They carry Ready-to-Wear Merchant
Tailoring, and special order. They
also do cleaning and repairing, and
their mall order department Is prompt-
ly attended to.
HERBERT CUTHBERT * CO.
Tbls city Is usually judged by the
character of its leading financial Institutions. Prominent among these Is
Herbert Cuthoert and Co, located at
635 Fort Street, Victoria, B.C. Mr.
Cutbbert is an old resident, and established himself In business in the
Queen City in 1891. The firm operates
extensively In real estate, timber lands
and mines. The firm have by their
perseverance and ability won the good
will of the business men and working
people. Their territory embraces Victoria, Alberni, and Vancouver Iiland.
It is our desire to urge our organisation to seep the name ot such progressive citizens as Mr. Cuthbert In mind,
and give bim tbelr patronage whenever possible, for he Is a gentleman
who bas always been a booster, and
promoted all projects for the betterment of labor and the welfare of the
city.
This brand of cement used in the
composition of all sidewalks and
boulevard! li generally accepted at
the very finest that has been used
during the lut decade. Thla company hu an enviable volume of business wblch It transact! daily through
the; loca) breach, conducted by Mattrt.
ft. P. Butchort, managing director,
and Mr. H. A. Ross, who Is In charge
of the Victorian office. Both are progressive and. executive men, and have
a reputation tor honest dealing second to nope In ihe city.     >'
The fair dealing of thlt firm with
Labor, and indeed with all who come
la contact with them, la so favorably
known tbat it la needless for, this
Review to mention anything In that
particular.
SWINERTON A MUSGRAVE.
Among the well known and reliable
accountants, real estate, financial and
Insurance agents, Messrs Swlnerton A
Musgrave, 1206 Government Street,
Victoria, B.C., have come to be looked
upon as leaders, for they operate a
business that la very extensive and do
business on a fair and honest bull.
They have built up an extensive business in the city and province. Among
their various sgencles are Connecticut
Fire Insurance Co, of Hartford, The
Victoria Mining and Development Co.
Ltd, The Sliver Hustler Mining Co,
Ltd, The British Columbia Pyritlei
Co. Their telephone number li 411.
P.O. Box, 802. Tbe principals of the
firm have a wide acquaintance and
admiration socially and commercially
In the Queen City; are sympathisers
with our organization, and u their
reputation for honesty and efficiency
Is unquestionable, we commend them
moit heartily to our readers,   -
REAL ESTATE PURCHASED FROM
THE OWNER IS AT A CONSIDERABLE SAVING.
W. T. Williams, president of the
City Land Co., Ltd, 120 Pemberton
Building, ln speamng of the reality
situation, called attention to the fact
that his firm has made a speciality of
dealing in property owned by them,
because in that way a considerable
saving to the purchaser could be effected. Tbe City Land Co. Ltd., has
made a speciality of suburban lots,
city property, acreage suitable for subdivision, houses, building lots, and
farming and wild lands. Their personnel and financial standing hu
proved a valuable aid In the business
In which they are engaged. The Citizens' Fire Insurance Co. Is represented by this firm.
been doing a successful mat
grocery business (or the put twenty
years. It wu formerly owned by
Johns Bn. Fred Burridge, the owner
of the business, hajs moat emphatically
declared himseit ia sympathy wltb or-
gsnised lsbor.
INCREASED DEMAND FOR LIP!
INSURANCE.
Mr. Ray Anderson, ln reviewing the
business of the past year In the British Columbia Life Assurance Company,
504-5 Sayward Block, ot which help
district manager, states that the demand for policies from 11,000 to
16,000 hu been steadily increasing.
Union wages seem to be responsible In
a wsy for this Increase. Working
men, with the increased scale of
wages, can now afford lite Insurance,
which, prevloui to the betterment of
wages ,wu considered by many u a
luxury rather than! a necessity. Many
memben of organlted labor have Invested ln this all-necessary protection
in tae past ytkr tot the flnt time, and
policies are gradually being made io
suit the particular conditions surrounding the laboring man.
UWAttorWLL
Teaming, Draying
VICTORIA, B. C.
J. E. M. ROGERS
323 SAYWARD BLDG.
VICTORIA.,
EMPIRB OlrOTHINO OO.
s*s jottnsoa g-r.
DOMINION MABKIT OO.,
Three Pisces
}:   1117 Fort Street
Fernwood Rd. and Oleasoti
Ave, Oak Bay
Fort St. and Pandora
THE NORTH WEST REAL ESTATE
COMPANY.
Among the prominent reel estate
dealers ot tbe city are T. W. Howard
and J. Mlddleton, owners of the
North West Real Estate Company, 761
Yates Street. This Arm hss been. In
business for a considerable time, and
have handled a large amount of both
business and residence property. They
have a force of salesmen handling all
clMses of property, as well as losns,
mortgages, and agreements of sale.
Both gentlemen are prominent in the
business and social life of the city, and
among its strongest boosters, and are
well known in Insurance circles.
Wm. N. O'Neil Co. Ltd.
Importers and Manufacturers' Agents
High Grade Building Material
Office tnd Showroom: 512 Fort St.        Warehouse: 113 Ladyunilh Si'
J. H. KeUty, Mgr- VICTORIA, B. C.
Moore & Pethick
Engineers & Contractors
BOARD   OF  TRADE   BUILDING PAGE SIX
THE gRj^IBH^OIilBjlBJA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY.. .DHOBMBBR 27, 1(11
VANCOUVER CONTRIBUTORS
(NORTH WEST SECURITIES CORPORATION LTD., Loo Building.
MARLBORO CAFE CO  Seymour ft Dunsmuir Sts.
THE BANK OP VANCOUVER  Hastings St.
'JOHNSTON TRUSS CO ......! "594 Richards St.
STBEVES A PERRY, Grocen 941 Commercial Drive.
WATTS HARDWARE CO  1407 Commercial St.
J. HUMPHREYS, Gunsmith,  160 Cordova St
PANAMA CAPE, N. Rita, Mgr. 101 Cordova St.
McDUFFBB BROS,, Druggists ....  182 Cordova St. W.
TOBIN'S, Gent's Furnishings, etc 150 Cordova St. W.
& SHAW, Real Estate, etc. 318 Hastings St. W.
M. W. WAITT * CO., Ltd., Pianos, etc   .'658 Granville St.
McTAVISH BROS., Real Estate  70 Rogers Bldg.
CANADIAN FINANCIERS, LTD  839 Hastings SL W.
B. C. LIFE ASSURANCE CO., Sanford S. Davis, 54 Granville Street.
HARRON BROS., Funeral Directors 1034 Granville St.
SCOTCH CLOTHING HOUSE LTD.•.'..:■ HaBtings ft Abbott StB.
DRS. LOWE ft THOMPSON, Dentists Abbott ft Hastings Sts.
BRITISH COLUMBIA BREWERIES, LTD.
CLARK, HENNESSEY ft CO.
REILLY'S CAFE 	
. 112 Cordova St W.
 161 Cordova St.
QUICKLIT LIGHT CO, 161 Cordova St. E.
ELMER BROS, Real Estate  607 Dom. Trust Bldg.
GRANDVIEW HOTEL, Sloper ft Sine P.O. Box 1161
THE OLIVER, High Class Rooms,  48J4 Cordova St B.
VANCOUVER TAXIDERMY, Fun ,etc 13 Cordova St E.
MAMMOTH BARGAIN SHOE STORE, Henry D. Rae, 106 Cordova.
MULOAHBY'S CAFETERIA 137 Cordova St W.
ARMY ft NAVY CLOTHING STORE  122 Cordova St. W.
HOTEL PANAMA „  57 Cordova St. West.
THE PBOPH'S BOOK STORE 162 Cordova St. W.
GREENE ft MBRKLBY, Undertakers 305 Pender St W.
LEITCH ft TAYLOR, Broken 309 Cambie St
GRAND UNION HOTEL, Hanafln ft Lucas   32 HaBtings W.
LONDON ft BRITISH N. AMERICA CO., LTD. Pender ft Seymour.
W. H. WALSH, Wholesale and Retail Grocer, Seymour ft Davie.
VANCOUVER LUMBER CO., LTD.  ;.. Bridge St.
A. COTTON, SHINGLE MILL  Foot of Birch St
VANCOUVER MACHINERY DEPOT  .1166 flth Ave. West.
HAMPTON BROS. LTD, Tbe Model Bakery, 7th Ave ft Pine St.
GIBBS TOOL ft STAMPING WORKS 366 Duilerin St. W.
B.C. FIR ft CEDAR LBR. GO., LTD. 6th Ave, W. ft Laurel St.
THE RAT PORTAGE LBR. CO. LTD., End Granville St. Bridge.
THE COAST MFG. CO., T. Sanderson, Mgr. 1650 Flrat Ave. W.
J. HANBURY ft CO., Ltd., Lumber, etc, Granville and 4th Avenue.
A. I. SODDART, Dry Goods  2146 Granville St.
GEO. POWELL ft SONS, Electricians  S. Granville St.
T. WAPSHOTT, Granville Public Market 1111 Coraox St PEEL BROS., Electrical Contractors 2195 Granville St.
B C LUMBER CO  1605 Georgia St. i VANCOUVER AND PRINCE RUPERT MEAT OO....160 Hastings St.
_;.„'.,„.., ssansoii nn  ,« iiim, t«., n.,nHi.. 'T- W. PEE, Real Estate .,.670 Granville St.
DOMINION MATCH CO., LTD.  Dom. Truat Building. mwIN 8HIN(H(H Co  711 MBm st
R. CORDINGLBY, OranvlUe Market, Provision! | NATIONAL LOAN ft INVESTMENT CO. LTD. Dominion Bldg.
       .  ^      ....._,„-.... E L 8MITH  790 Cambie St.
WALTER H. CALDER, Photographer  709 Georgia St.
CAN. MALLEABLE ft STEEL RANGE MFG. CO. LTD....987 Main St.
CITY LUMBER OO. LTD   198 Prior St
THE WEBSTER BROS. LTD., Grocers..... 1273 Granville St.
THE CLARENCE HOTEL, Spearln ft Swanson, Pender ft Seymour.
THE IDEAL GROCERY, A. B. Forsyth  711 Dunsmuir St.
GEO. S. PEARSON CO., Grocers Nanaimo, B. C.
THE POWERS ft DOYLE CO., Clothing   Nanalmo, B.C.
WINDSOR HOTEL, Job. Fox, Prop  Nanalmo, B. C.
McRAE ft LUCIER. Tailors and Haberdashers, Nanalmo, B, C,
. Nanalmo, B.C.
Nanaimo, B. C.
CALIFORNIA FRUIT CO., D. W. Brice. Granville Public Market
THOMAS LAPIS, COM. FRUIT CO.,. GGranvllle Public Market.
FEDERAL INVESTMENTS, LTD., W. 8. Cameron, 350 Pender St.
IMPERIAL LADIES' TAILORS  923 Robson St
E. G, CULLBN, Builders' Supplies, eto 418 Pacific Bldg.
P. LARSON, Hotel ~ - North Vancouver
NORTH SHORE IRON WORKS, LTD., Bug., Boilermakers, N. Van.
RBX REALTY ft BUSINESS EXCHANGE 336 Cordova St.
CANADIAN WESTERN LUMBER CO. LTD........ Vancouver Block.
J. H. HATCH, Sporting Goods, etc. —.69 Cordova St.
W. GREENLBES, Pile Drivers, eto 407 Cordova St. W. JOHN SAMPSON, Paints, Oils, etc,
MAINLAND CIGAR FACTORY, Wm. Tietjen .'. .1130 Homer St I MAYOR SHAW
Brunette ......C....KIDW..RH shrdiu ETAOIN cmfwy bm mh shrdlu t
BRUNETTE MILLS CO  New Westminster, B.C.
THE JAMBS KIRKWOOD CO., Broken 4th and Granville St
JOHN ARNOT, Woodworker  Venables St, Grandvlew.
WILLIAM ASTLEY, Real Estate  1616 Venables St.
J. A. DBWAR CO. LTD., Sand, Gravel 429 Pender St,
WONDER COFFBB HOUSE, Wm. Kennedy  224 Carrall St.
WILLIAMS, SMITH, THOMPSON, LTD, Contra., 607 Bower Bldg.
CANADIAN AUTOMOBILE CO  1238 Hornby St.
FRANK COL WELL, Men's Furnishings  1029 Granville St.
SOUTHER8T ft McINTYRB, Men'i Furnishings 330 Carrall St.
THE WORLD PRINTING ft PUBLISHING CO...... World Building.
HARRY BBTTZ, Real Estate 110 Hastings St.
-.903 Rogers Bldg.
THE PURDY ft HBNDSR80N CO., LTD...
CANADIAN HOME INVESTMENT CO. 225 Paclflc Building.
JOHN ROBERTSON ft SON., LTD., Importen 139 Water St.
M. P. COTTON CO., LTD., Oontracton .Foot False Creek
BROWN BROS, ft CO., LTD., Florists, etc 48 Hastings E.
THE CANADA FOUNDRY CO    1066 Pender St. W.
CBPERLBY, ROUNSEFBLL ft CO., LTD., Molson't Bank Building.
COQUTTLAM TERMINAL CO, UTD.  	
THE J. McDIARMID CO., Gen. Contractors Howe St
HAZBLTON TOWNSITE, W. J. Sanders ...... 64 Leigh-Spencer Bldg.
MANITOBA HOTEL Cordova St.
IMPERIAL THEATRE .   Vancouver, B.C.
HAMBLTN ft BRBRBTON, LTD., Agts for Carr ft Co., 842 Cambie.
R. HOFFMEI8TBR, Elee. Eng. ft Contra 1271 Granville St.
CALL SWITCH CO. LTD Room 524 Paolflc Building.
BUNGALOW FINANCE ft BUILDING CO. LTD. ...... 416 Howe St.
CANADIAN MINERAL RUBBER CO  18 Hastings St. W
SAMUEL A. WYB, Heating Engineers 748 Gamble St
THOMAS V. McBBAN, Clothing  655 Granville St
TAYLOR ft YOUNG, LTD,, Bales Eng., 607 Metropolitan Building
VANCOUVER ARENA CO. LTD., Skating Rink Georgia Bt.
THE VANCOUVER SHIPYARD LTD 1877 Georgia Si
W. J. ANDERSON, Groceries, Provisions, etc 537 Howe St.
TOURIST HOTEL Oranvllle ft Davie StB.
XXXX FLOUR  A Dependable Product
ALMOND IOB CREAM CO...:.,"-i....: ....400.Pender St*.
ARTHUR J; BIRD, Architect...... .........Winch Bldg.
WILLIAM HOLDEN, Broker ..-,»  Holden Building.
THE RELIANCE AUTO CO..". 622 Howe St
RAMSAY BROS, ft CO., LTD., Mfg. Confectioners, 998 Powell St
COMMERCIAL AGENCY, Real Estate 510 Vancouver Block.
WATSON ft BOWBN, "Try-New-Lite," i 707 Bank of Ottawa Bldg.
WHITE LUNCH, Sorenson Bros.  126 Hastings St., West.
E. G. PRIOR ft CO., LTD, Wholesale Hardware, 869 Beatty Street.
B. C. Kllby, Imp. Hosiery ft Underwear  627 Hastings St. W.
Impett Jeweler   609 Hastings St. W.
HOTEL ASTOR, W. D. Marsh, Mgr.  147-149 Hastings St. W.
HOTEL IRVING, W. Dlckaon, Prop., Cor. Columbia Ave. ft Hastings.
BDSON TOWNSITE CO, LTD.  47 HaBtings St, W.
THE GURNEY FOUNDRY CO, LTD, C. L. Lightfoot, 566 Beatty St
W. J, MCMILLAN ft CO, LTD., Wholesale Grocers, Beatty Street.
THE CANADIAN PACIFIC LUMBER CO, LTD, 104 Winch Bldg.
THE ANGLO-BRITISH COLUMBIA PACK. CO., LTD, Richards St.
JAMES GILL, Real Estate 439 Richards St.
GEORGE JONES, Blacksmith 671 Beatty Street.
A. JAY TOWNB, Real Estate  336 HaBtings St, W.
ARMSTRONG, MORRISON ft Co., Ltd, Contr.,643 Granville St.
W. BRAID ft CO, Imp. Tea, Coffee and Spices Homer St.
J. J. MILLER, Auctioneer and Real Estate, Loo Bldg, 418 Abbott.
WM. N. O'NBIL CO,. LTD, Imp. ft Mfgn. Agents, 548 Seymour St.
20TH CENTURY TRANSFER ft STORAGE CO, LTD, 1052 Homer.
NEW YORK LADIES' TAILORING CO, LTD, 1200-1214 Homer St.
J. S. FRY ft SONS, LTD, Chocolate ft Cocoa Mfgrs, Hamilton St
SMITH, DAVIDSON ft WRIGHT, LTD, Stationers, 1198 Homer St.
B. C. PERMANENT LOAN CO  330 Pender St, W.
ANGUS CAMPBELL, Dry Goods, etc  Vancouver, B.C.
NORTH COAST LAND CO, LTD.  622 Metropolitan Bldg.
PIANO REPAIR FACTORY, W. J. Guard, Prop, 896 Broadway W.
R. STEWART, Confectionery, etc 882 Broadway West
A. N. DeVAZ, Grocery ft Real Estate  220 Broadway West.
LATTIMORB ft BLOTT, Hardware Merchants 1874 Powell St
F. DODSON ft CO, Real Estate 681 Richards St.
HUNTER-HBNDBRSON PAINT CO, LTD 681 Richards St.
EXCELSIOR STEAM LAUNDRY 656 Richards St
HARRISON ft CO, Drawing Instruments, etc, 682 Richards Street.
LINCOLN CAFE  :....;...672 Richards Street
THE HASTINGS SHINGLE MFG. CO., LTD. Powell St.
IMPERIAL RICE MILLING CO, LTD 339 Railway St.
B. C. MARKET CO, LTD, Butchers and Packen, 15 Alexander St
P. M. COCHRANE, Druggist and Stationer 1908 Powell St.
THE A. J. BURTON SAW CO, LTD     1506 Powell St.
JOHN BLPHI ft Co, Cigars and Tobaccos 12 Powell Street
IMPERIAL HOTEL, Watson ft Glegg, Props  403 Powell St.
J. McRAE ft CO, Wines, SplrlU and Cigars  758 Powell St
MORRISON STEEL ft WIRE CO, LTD.........: 831 Powell St,
W. WBLFORD, Photographer 160 Broadway B.
J. H. MINORB, Tailor  152 Broadway E.
DR. LACHLAN MoMILLAN ;..;........ 588 Broadway, W
Richard Moore, Dry Goods, etc       2211 Bridge St
HAMPTON POOL ROOM, John Brown ft Co, Props, 130 Powell.
LITTLE BROS, LTD, Broken , ,54 Powell St.
DOMINION UNDERTAKING CO  802. Broadway West.
PORT MOODY INVESTMENTS LTD. ...J 422 Richards St.
HOTEL EUROPE, F. A. McKeown, Cor. Powell and Alexander Sts.
THE KAUFMAN RUBBER CO., LTD  41 Alexander St.
F. R..BEGG ft CO, LTD, Faints, Oils, etc  70 Cordova St.
CENTER ft HANNA, LTD, Undertaken, 66 HaBtings St, West.
THE ROYAL BANK OF CANADA Cor. Main and Hastings.
CROWN HOTEL, A. Manson, Prop 22 Cordova St, West
D. HUNTER, Men's and Boys' Clothlere ..... 72 and 74 Cordova St.
WILSON ft RICHMOND, Men's Outfitters 36 Cordova St, W.
GEO. J. FOWLER, Dry Goods 30 and 34 Cordova St W.
IMPERIAL WINE CO.  £ 54 Cordova St,
A. E. WATERBURY, Watchmaker .  It Cordova St W.
CENTRAL DRUG STORE, C. D. Glllanders, 16 Cordova St. W.
B. J. SMARDON, Men's Furnishings, etc 101 Cordova St. W.
HOTEL REGENT, H. M. Cottingham, Prop, 508 Hastings St West.
C. BOURQUB, Auto Repairing , 153 Cordova St. B.
THE OWL.DRUG CO, LTD. Main and Hastings Sts.
BROWN ft HOWBY, Hay, Uraln and Feed.:: 129 Cordova St. B.
NATIONAL FINANCE CO. LTD, G. J. Teller, Mgr. 300 Pender Bt.
BAXTER, ft WRIGHT, Furniture   416 Main St.
J. L. CLARK, Teas, Coffees, Crockery, Rear of 618 Main St.
HALL, McGILUVRAY ft CO, Real Estate 548 Main St.
MADAME BURTON, 2nd Hand Clothing  144 Hastings St B.
McCOLL'S CAFE 802 Main Street
G. B. SNIDER, Jeweler and Optician, etc 606 Main Street
A, H. BOWER, Grocer   Main and Prior Sts.
M. A. BBACH ft CO, Men's Furnishings, 444 and 618 Main Street.
WniSTBRN STUDIO , „ 424 Main St.
THBNUGGET CAFE^C.Clapp, Mgr...
...612-614 Main St.
EAST END CYCLBRY, W. H. Morrison, .... 108 Hastings St Bast.
W. FREEMAN, Hardware, Furniture, etc 936 Main Street.
SPRAY SIGN CO 384 Main Street.
FRANK N. BENDER, Architect Room 62, Empress Hotel.
THE HOSB ft BROOKS CO, LTD, Cigars, etc, 504 Main Street
SMITH'S VARIETY STORE .'.   148 Hastings St, B.
F. McGILUVRAY, Watchmaker ft Jeweler  638 Main St
R. CRAIG, Gent's Furnishings 624 Main St.
THE CROWN LIQUOR STORE 6 Hastings Bt, Bast.
POMFRET'S BAKERY ft GROCERY 701 Hawks Ave.
W, J. ORR, Boots and Shoes 420 Main St.
B. C. LOCKWOOD, Real Estate, Ins. Royal Bank Building.
HOTEL EMPRESS, L. L. Mills, Prop 237 Hastings St, Bast.
COLQUHOUN ft OSTROSSBR, Hatters 61 Hastings St. B.
B. S. KNOWLTON'S DRUG STORE  16 Hastings St. B.
BRUNSWICK POOL ROOM Hastings St. Bast.
UNION STEAMSHIP CO, OF B. O, LTD.  Vancouver, B. C.
R. A. McCULLOUGH CONTR. CO. LTD, Room 127, Duncan Bldg.
HORSESHOE HOTEL Cor. Columbia and Hastings St. E.
GEO. N. McGARVIN 268 Hastings St. E.
BRITANNIA INVESTORS, LTD, Thos. Duke  329 Gore Ave.
..216 Hastings St. Bast
D. H. RICE, Real Bstate .  „	
DUKE'S GROCERY, H. M. Wood, Hastlngi St. and Gore Avenue.
MAXWELL B. HANAFIN, Real Estate .26 Hastings St East
S. GORANSON ft CO, Groceries 328 Hastings St. East
MARITIME TRUST CO, LTD, Real Estate 225 Hastings St B.
J. STOTHART, Grocer 1192 Hastings St.
BERRY BROS, Bicycles and Motor Cyclet 612 Hastings St. B.
CHARLES SAMBK, Pipe Mfr. and Repatrier ....46 Hastings St.
THE McCUAlG AUCTION ft. COM. CO 126 Hastings St, B.
EMPIRE HOTBL, W. R. Dickson Hastings and Columbia Sts.
SILVER MEDAL BAKERY, H. C. Lucas ft Co, 219 Hastings St. B.
ENGLISH KITCHEN  80 Hastings St. B.
VANCOUVER GERMAN PRESS 468 Hastlngi St. E.
VANCOUVER CIGAR STORE, McLean ft Fraser 509 Main St.
CANADIAN AMUSBMBNT CO, LTD, Main and Hastings Sts.
THE BALLARD FURNITURE CO   1024 Main St.
STAR THEATRE, G. W. Thompson, Prop.  327 Main St.
BMPRBSS THEATRE, Walter Sanford, Mgr.   Hastings St
PANTAGBS THEATRE  Hastings St, B.
F. W. TYRRELL, Gent's Furnishings 221 Hastings St. B.
ROYAL CROWN SOAPS, LTD. Cor. Gore Ave and Harria St.
ROWB CANVAS GLOVE MFG. CO. LTD....... Market Bldg .Main St.
S, T. WALLACE, Groc, Fur, Meats, etc  243-5 Harris St.
SCOTCH SECOND HAND STORE, M. Matheson, 237 Keefer Street.
DICKSON'S IMP. TEA ft COFFBB CO. 317 Columbia Ave.
LOG CABIN COFFBB HOUSE, Wrinkle Bros 70 Hastings St.
B.C. CANDY CO. 633 Harris St.
NATIONAL AMUSEMENT CO, LTD. ~ .Vancouver, B. C.
MAPLE LEAF LUNCH COUNTER, Perry ft Wood, HI Hastings B.
MAIN HOTEL  Cor. Main and Harris Sts.
CORDOVA BOOT STORE ...138 Cordova St
NEW FOUNTAIN HOTBL 46' Cordova Street.
WIOKHAM'S OOODBATS ,„ 110 Cordova St. W.
THE
WORLD
Largest Paid Circulation in B.C.
Daily Average Circulation for 1912
31,562
fl The very best advertising medium West
of Winnipeg.
(ft Carries More Columns of Paid Classified
Advertising than any paper in B. C.
(] Carries more advertising than any other
Daily in the World.
1_ Its Readers get More Telegraphic News
More Local News, than in any other paper.
If you do not Advertise in -"0s WORLD", Try it.
You Will Get Results.
Phone Seymour 4516 Exchange
NOW LOCATED IN
New World Building
,. Corner Beatty and Pender Streets
THE UNION MISER
The idea tbat a man may Join a
union and obtain benefits tor himself
without assuming and performing the
active duties and responsibilities ot
membership, both moral and financial,
ia tbe basis of much of our weakness,
and often leads to defeat says the
Shoemakers' Johrnal
The skinflint Idea doea not pay In
tnlonism, and the man who withhold!
his sopport is not only not entitled to
dividends, because he cannot reasonably expect profit without Investment
but also there Is great danger tbat the
unlcn may pass out of existence because of the support that be and
others like bim withhold, and after
that be may expect an assessment to
be levied upon him by the employer,
In the shBpe of a reduction of wages,
or by tbe exacting of more work, or
the establishment of more unfavorable conditions of work.
tn ibis case be pays the penalty,
along with hli associates, of being
union misers, who have hoarded their
energy and their money to themselveB
until they have starved the union out
of existence,:
Financial support Is essential to enable the union to pay lta bills, to pay
Its benefits, and to support Its strikes,
but financial support Is not everything, and the men who withhold their
money are only one type of the union
SHMMtary-Tnaanrer-BIMt Yaaomvu
Typo, tnion ae. est, wltb sMmhu-
ten at Labor Tsmplt.
misers that are the curse of the labor
movement because they give the
movement the appearance of having
strength on paper which really does
not exist
The mere fact that the dues are
paid, while Important In Itself, ts not
more Important than that the movement should have aotlve personal sup-
port and good-will of the members,
that they should attend the meetings,
assume and perform their full share
of committee work, and, ln general,
participate ln the broadening Influences that come with the association
of.workmen in unions and the Interchange of Ideas made possible by such
association.
The member who withholds hla personality trom the group Is a type of
union miser no less destructive, ln the
effect of his conduct upon the union
cause, than the union miser who withholds his money. It may be said that
these two classes of union misers are
one and the same; that the member
who withholds his money also withholds his personality, but, while this
i may be true, It Is not a fact that the
member who contributes his money
also contributes his personality.
A very large percentage of the due-
paying members of unions retrain
from active participation In union affairs, and quite often this stay-at-home
class of union misers have the mental
equipment to be of extreme usefulness
to the movement, If they were participants, as they ought to be,
One detrimental effect of the stay-
at-home union miser Is to leave the
business of the union to be conducted entirely by a very small minority
of the members, and, no matter how
the minority may conduct the business of the union, whether lt does It
wisely or unwisely, the great bulk of
the members are prone to make the
general criticism that such and such
aotton was taken by a handful of members, etc, eto.
Sometimes such action by the small
minority is In fact wrong.   The error
may be due to a majority of radical de-
•tructlonlits having control of a small
meeting, or the error may be due to
the fact that the correct view of the
matter was not presented, white possibly there might be fifty members of
the union remaining at home that
night and every night, any one of
whom would. It present on the parti
cular occasion, have been able to have
grasped the true proportions of the
issue under discussion, and to have
pointed them out to their fellow members, to the great advantage of the
union and every member In It, Including themselveB.
This Is tbe risk that the union miser
runs when he atayt away from a union
meeting; that some business may be
transacted which shall affect hli Inter
est adversely, through a mistake ln
analysis, which would have been
avoided had he been there with voice
and vote In the argument and decision
ot the question at Issue.
The business trantioted ln the meetings of the union may easily affect the
Interest of each member to the extent
of 1100 per year either for or against
hla Interests, according as the policy
of the union It wisely conceived snd
properly acted upon.   ,
Assuming this Illustration is cor.
reel, then the Interest of the average
member of the union.that is at stake
A. M. BsTOLAim
■eoretary   Tauonvsr   Allied   Muting
Treats Council
ln the conduct of the business of the
union may amount to $200 a year; that
Is, It may make that much difference to
him in a year's work of say 12 leu a
week or |2 more a week, and this Is
entirely too Important a matter to him
for him to Ignore or to leave It entirely
to other people to manage without his
knowledge or advice.
Aside from the mere matter of
money ln wages, up or dawn, as the
case may be, there are the very Important consideration of conditions of labor which may also have an effect
upon wages or which may affect the
desirability of the position which the
workers themselves oocupy. . A new
method of giving out the work, or performing the work, may be devised and
Inaugurated, and tbe resulting conditions may be very decidedly to his disadvantage when It is possible that had
ue been present and taken an active
part he might have been able to have
offered a suggestion which would perhaps have been acceptable and beneficial both to employer and employee,
including himself.
These suppositious Incidents serve
to illustrate the desirability, even from
a selfish standpoint, tbat each individual member should Invest In the union
movement In the transaction of his labor business, his money, time, heart
and brains, to the end that lt shall be
conducted with the highest degree of
success.
The best suggestions do not always
come from the man who la most brilliant. The humblest worker may have
a thought, of little value ln Itself and
extremely crude, but lt may suggest
something to some one else who haB a
more constructive mind that can be
used to tbe great advantage of the
whole body,
Strictly speaking, Labor has no
"rights." But Labor has some MIGHT
—and Is beginning to exert it. "Right
is a matter of opinion; MIGHT is a
matter of fact and beyond contravention.
B. C. Bedding & Upholstery
Company, Ltd.
Manufacturers —————,
of Jumbo Cotton Fell Mattresses, Moss MatlreiKi, Hair
Mstlrettes, Wool MsHrenet, Excelsior Mallretses,
Woven Wire Springs, Parlor Suites, Couches.
Jobttn of Btou end Inn Btdi, Chetrt, Btdntm Furniture, Canyttt.
201-315 Front Street Eaat Vancouver. B. C.
ROSS & SHAW
real estate, mines, insurance and loans
City Real Estate, Small Holdings, Fruit Lands, Timber Limits
General jigenls AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE CO., (Fire)
Phone Seymour 9056 318 Haitings Street, West
The Reliance Auto Co.
Russell Landaulettes, Packard
Touring Cars For Hire.
Phones Seymour 9231-9223.     A. B. Cody, Prop.
Canadian Financiers, Ltd.
Atitbrited Capita',86,000,000.00
Real Estate   •   Insurance
Money to Loan
839 Hastings St., West     Metropolitan Bldg.     Vancouver, B. C.
Brown Bros. & CSS
FLORISTS AND
NURSERYMEN
Limited
stores:
48 Hastings Si East
Phone Seymour 988
401 Granville St.
Phone Sey. 5727
21st Ave. and Main St.     618 Vine Street
Phone Fair. 798 Viotoria, B.C.
Hammond, B.C.
L.D. Phone 17
A. COTTON
Red CedarShlntles. Cedar
Shit-lop and Cedar Dimensions
Foot of Birch St., Vancouver
British Columbia
Necessity of Labor Press.
"The sooner the members of organised labor throughout the country
ire brought to realise the fact that
ihe labor papers are as essential as
their organizations,.and that It should
be obligatory upon those who cause
the labor press champions to contribute their tiny mite pro rata, then they
will have made a mammoth stride ln
tbe right direction. The average unionist too easily forgets the fact tbat
his official labor paper, publishes facts
and figures relative to labor controversies that other papers would absolutely refuse to handle, and were lt
not for the labor press the general
public and even a great many of our
members would many times be misled ln regard to the true condition,
of labor."
W. J. Anderson
Groceries • Provisions
Fruits
Prompt Deliveries
537 Howe St.   Seymour 1899
BARNARP CASTLE HOTEL
American and European Plan
E, E. Hsll .nd W. F, Andiewi, Pnu.
Fine Wines, Liquors
and Cigars
689 Powell St        Phone 995 FRIDAY btefJEM&Btt 27, 1912
THE BRITISH (XJLVlWiA FEDBBATIONIBT
PAGE SEVEN
Boxed Silk Hosiery
AT MODERATE PRICES.
At their respective prices we believe that the following
lines are as good as the market affords,
AT 75c A PAIR—Women's block silk boot hose, with high
spliced heel, double sole and toe. These have seamless
feet.
AT $1,00 A PAIR—Women's silk hose with lisle top, with
double heel, sole and toe.  Come in black and white. -
AT $1.50 AND $2,00—Onyx silk hose in high grade qualities, in the following shades—pink, sky, champagne,
ligh't and dark grey, purplpc, wisteria, old rose king's
blue gold, tan, white or black.   These have reinforced
,  heels, double sole, toe and lisle thread top.
dfaroott lrg0i.aU, -Etmttrt.
575 GramllU Street       Vancouver, R C.
A Very Merry Xmas
and
A Happy and
Prosperous New Year
' to Your All
CHAMBERS
23 Hastings Street East
The   Campbell Clothing Man
BEDDING HERE APLENTY
An immence stock of Blankets, Pillows, Comforters, Beds. Frlces right
Large shipments of blankets, comforters, pillows, etc., have been arriving during the patt few days.   The culmination of weeks of careful
effort, backed by our long experience.   It will pay you to investigate.
Wbiw Cotton nils* Oomtorttis,    Torkaalr. Wool aiaalnts, S Iks.
 »i.7t, ta.oo, la.so, «,oo        tut
Mo-Untook ft tons' Down          ~          	
For. -n.se. wool
mm to *Ht.td
■UQk.u. s to
Tosksblie Wool aiutorts, s lie.
  S4.7S
Topkshlr.  Wool  lluksts, T lbs.
18.78
10 lbs, pair 11.00, -n.o.1-
Ourantnl »>thsr Pillow., pslr, HAS to 97M
JAMCS STARK A SONS, LTD.
SUSTOTOB IS. wags       lilmn Abbott aat Oman.
Overalls
Two-pieoe overallsuits, specially
suitable for boys takings course
of manual training. Sizes 26 to
n •     n     c -.       '    *     <j.n U  Made of stout black denim,
Price Per SUlt. any Size $180 cut full and strongly put together.
WE ARE MEN'S" AMP   BOYS'  OU TrfTTEHS
fSOIr-815 Hastings
Street West
CLUBB & STEWART
Honest ani Artistic
Den list ry
The most scientific and
up-to-date-methods
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION TRUST BLDG.
Open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m., 7 p.m to 8 p.m.
KING    UP    SEYMOUR    2354    FOII    APPOINTMENT
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
DR. BRETT ANDERSON
DENTIST
Bank tf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Hastings
P RINTING
Artistic printing it our occupation. II you are preparing
a catalogue or booklet, circular or announcement or any
other matter desiped lo make your butinets increase, our
services will be cf vslue to you.
E.T. KINGSLEY
Labor Temple, Entrance on Homer St.
Translantic Steamship
AGENCY
To and From Europe via. All Lines
at Lowest Rates
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
GEO. B. COOMBE
City Ticket Agent
434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
JOHN MOE
C.P.A.
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
$1 PER ACRE
TERMS: Residence oh the land for al least
two yean; improvements to Ihe extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
yean, and ihe balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
By A. JORDAN, Nanalmo, B.C.
The festivities of Christmas are fast
approaching, and with them a more
realizing sense of the demoralising
conditions that are brought to bear
on the workers in whose particular
trade these festivities play an important part.
It was while on a short visit to
your big humdrum city ot Vancouver
that I came across tome of the most
sickening sights (to one whose spare
time from labor la ln studying the
conditions of fellow workers). On
landing ln the city the hustle and
bustle of traffic takes one's attention.
An unconscious working clasa striving for something they know not what,
but continually striving, here and
there on your busy atreete.
You see one of those human derelicts of these modern times asking
alma Imploringly, and to a humane
man lt strikes at hla heart of hearts.
We then take a walk towards the
plaoee were Jobs are for tale, and
there hundreds of fellow workers of
all nationalities are scanning the lists
of jobt whloh their matten (when
they have one) own, and have for tale
at bo much per.
On looking over the list I Und
"Miners Wanted; $8.30 per day. NO
STRIKE!."
I asked curiously of a fellow alave:
why do they put "No strike" on that
particular Job, ond not on those other
jobs? Why not put "No Strike" on all
the Jobs tor sale.'
The big, honest fellow—I say honest, because he looked Innocently so-
looked mo ln the face and said:
"It does look suspicious; I'll go and
ask about that Job."
He did, and came out and told me lt
was tor a place they called Cumberland, on Vancouver Island.
I told him there was a strike on
there.
He was Indignant, and wanted to go
tack and have lt out with the man
inside.
I caught his arm and persuaded him
not to, In a quiet way, as It would
be useless to talk to a tool of the
masters.
We shook hands, and as we parted
he said, "I have had a lesson Illustrated to me tbat I shall never forget."
Socialist Party Directory
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Soclali.it Party of Canada, meets second ana fourth Tueiday. Secretary, Wm.
Watts, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir St., Van-
couiei', B 0.
BRITISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meet* tecond and fourth
Tuesdays in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St, Wm. Watts, Secretary.
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 439 Eighth
Ave, East. Burt E. Anderson, Secretary,
Box 647, Calgary.	
SASKATCHEWAN   PROVINCIAL   EX
ecutlve, S. P. of C, Invites all com.
rades reading In Saskatchewan to communicate with them on organisation mat*
ters.    Address D. McMillan, 32 Main
St., South Hill, Moose Jaw, Sask.
MARITIME PROVINCIAL, EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada, meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Capo Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace Bay, N.
S.    Dan  Cochrane,
Olaco Bay, N.S
secretary, Box 491,
LOCAL VANCOUVER, NO. 69, S. P. of C.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dunsmuir street. Business meeting on first
ot every month at 8 p.m. Secretary, '■'.
Lefeaux, Labor Temple, Vancouver,_B^J.
LOCAL" FERNIE," S.  P. of c7~HOLDS
educational meetings in tile Miners'
Union Hall every Sunday at 7:30. Business meeting first Monday In each month
at 7:30 p.m. Economic class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30. H. Wilmei', . ee-
r'etary. Box 380.	
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO 26, S. P. of C,
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday
at 7:30 p.m. E, Campbell, organiser:
Wi'l Jones, secretary, Box 126. Finnish
branch meets in '''inlanders' Hall Sun*
days at 7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, secretary,
Box 64. Rossland, B.C.	
LOCAL MICHEL, B C, NO. 16, S. P. of
C, holds propaganda meetings every
Sunday afternoon at 2:30 in Crahan's
Hall. A hearty Invitation is extended
to all wage slaves within reach of us to
atttnd our meetings. Business meetings
are held the first and third Sundays of
each month at 10:30 a.m. In the same
hall. Party organisers take notice. T.
W. Brown, secretary
LOCAL NELSON, 8. P. of C, MEETS
every Friday at 8 p.m., In Miners'
Hall, Nelson, B.C.   I   A. Austin, secre*
tary.
LOCAL REVELSTOKE, B.C., NO. 7 S.
P. of c Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, secretary.	
LOCAL SANDON, B.C., NO. 36, 8  P. 01*
C.    Meets  every  Tuesday  at   7:30
p.m. in the Sandon Mlnres' Union H_"
Communications to be addressed Drawer
K,_Sandon, B.C	
LOCAL SOUTH FORT OEORGE, B. C.
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 o'clock In Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, secretary; Andrew Allen,
wnlxer. 	
LOCAL CUMBERLAND No. 70, S.P. of C.
Business meeting every Sunday,
10:30 a.m. Economic class held twice
each Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift).
Propaganda meeting every Sunday 8 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney. Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.	
VANCOUVER-LETTISH LOCAL, No. 68,
.. S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
flrst Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday. Rom
open to everybody at 612 Cordova Street
East. 2 p.m. Secretary P. Anderson, Bar*
net B. C.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, B. 0„ NO 46.
Finnish, Meets every second and
Fourth Thursdays ln the month at 213
Hastings Street East. Ovia Lind, Secretary,	
LOCAL GIBSON'S LANDING, NO. 49,
S. P. of C—Meet first and third
Sunday of the month in Socialist Hall.
Secretary. J. N. Hlntsa, Gibson's Heights,
B. C.
LOCAL COLEMAN, ALTA., NO. 9,
Miners' Hall and Opera Houe. Propaganda meetings at S p.m., on the flrst
and 'third SundayB of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda 'meetings at 8.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta. Sec
tary,   Wm.  Graham,  Box 63,  Coleman,
LOCAL EDMONTON ALTA. NO. 1. S.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meeting every
Wednesday at 7:30 p. m. sharp. Our
reading room Is open to the public free,
from 10:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. dally. Secretary. J. A. S. Smith, 622 First Street.
Organiser, W. Stephenson.	
LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA., NO. 4, S. P.
of C—Business meeting every Saturday .evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters 134 Ninth Ave., West.
S. K. Read, Secretary.
LOCAL REGINA, NO."6, SASK., MEETS
every Sunday Trades Hall, 8 p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday 8 p.m.
Trados Hall. W. B, Bird, General Delivery, Secretary. 	
LOSAL MOOSEJAW SASK., No. 1, 8. P.
of C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday, 8 p.m., In the Rex Theatre.
Econornlo Class every Sunday, 3 p.m.
Secretary, J. Harrison, 102 Hochefaga
St.   A. Stewart Organiser.
LOCAL OTTAWA, NO. 8, B. P. of C—
Business meetings flrst Sunday in
month in the Labor Hall, 219 Bank
Street1, at 8 pm. Secretary, Sam Hor-
with ' "The White Book Store," 144
Rldeau Street, Ottawa.     	
As I had some business ln the police
office ln your city I wended my way
towards that Citadel of the Law.
While talking to a smart looking
young man In the detective office 1
noticed photos hung around the walls
of men wanted for some crime they
had committed against the law.
It struck me as strange that men
should commit crime at this festive
time.
"Glad tidings of great Joy I bring to
you and all mankind."
What a mockery on the face of lt!
What Joy will these outcasts have at
thla time?
And I say they are not responsible.
The standard of morals of a nation depends on how that nation gets its living.
I next visited the Labor Temple,
and on putting my foot down on the
floor of the hall a strange feeling of
hope came over me. I say Hope—yes
Hope—and assurance that our endeavors are not lost to oblivion.
There It stands at a lamp, lighting
our path; a monument to the rising
intelligence of the class to which I
belong—the working class.
What a contrast from the place 1
had Just left (the detective office).
Every sane man will agree with me
that the more Labor Temples there
are In Canada the less detective
offices will there be needed.
I left the Labor Temple very much
encouraged hy having vlBlted there.
I began to feel hungry, bo made towards an "-eat shop," and here again
there lt food for thought. Here the standard of morals of that nation known
as China olaah with those of Europe
and America. Any human being wltb
the least tense of vision could detect
the repulsiveness which the white
girl waiters showed towards the Celestial—and rightly to. We do not want
the standard of morals lowered, and
this aaslmlllatlon can have no other
results. The girls looked wistful and
unconcerned about their work—the effect of overwork, tired limbs, from
standing and walking on their feet 11
and 14 hours a day (the Han wltb
the Hot Is typical of these places).
The only Glad Tidings I can see for
these white girl waitresses Is that
which Organizer A. C. Beck brings
from the organisation he Is representing now in your olty, namely, Hotel,
Restaurant and Bartenders' International Union.
I now take a walk to find some toys
for my little girl and boy. A real live
Santa Claus is exhibiting toys and offering suggestions as to what you
should buy. The position the Santa
Claus took up In the window waa very
much cramped; In fact it seemed to
me to be torture, and this torture had
to last from early morn to dark at
night—anywhere from 12 to 11 hours.
I took a more accurate look at this
Santa Claus, and found the hands
were slim and fragile; a chance glance
at the back revealed a small girl any-
where from 12 to 14 years of age. 1
left, sick at heart, and this thought
PBBeed through my mind: What a responsibility comes to those ot us who
make a study of human society!
Coming near the end of my visit to
your city, I must of necessity take a
present for my children, so I visited
that big department store known as
David Spencer, Limited, and thereto anyone who thinks—the same conditions prevail. Oh, the monotony of
It all; every stall In charge of a head
clerk and from two to four assistants,
and heads of departments hustling
around; private detectives on the
watch for shoplifters; people of whose
life history we could till a book. One
illustration will suffice. A: frail
woman was convicted in one oi our
great cities for stealing a pair of little
shoes. When brought before the
Judge, who in this case at least was
human, she wept bitterly aa she told
of how her little girl of three years
had been talking ot Santa Claus till
It made her heart bleed. Her husband had been out of work for months,
and was still out. They were ln dire
necessity, and when she saw the shoes
In the department store she could not
resist the temptation. The Judge,
with tears In Mb eyes, gave her one
hour In the hall of the court room
punishment, which proved to be more
pleasant than otherwise in this case.
Which, In my opinion, only makes the
sting worse.
Don't be mistaken. We don't want
charity; but must have lt under this
Insane social system.
We want the right to live; the right
to work, when it' Ib necessary to do so,
under conditions that will tend to up.
lift humanity, and not destroy the
manhmd tbat has been allowed to remain.
And, to come back to the store
clerks, the heads of stalls have to give
and keep account ot all sales; the
more profit her stall manes the more
certain Is her Job. These, of necessity, nag at the girls under her charge,
who, after a while, grow weary of lt
all, with a mere pittance of a wage;
and poverty staring her in the face,
she happens to meet a male friend,
who Invites her to eat with him—and
you who think know the usual result,
nine cases out of ten.
The free and easy merry life of the
underworld appeals with great force
to another victim of our rnolern civilisation.
"Glad tidings of great Joy I bring to
you and all mankind."
The echo answers: All Is Vanity and
Vexation of Spirit.
AMONG THE SOCIALISTS
BT SOCIALISTS
What's the Remedy?
"A great' crisis In the evolution of
civilisation Is approaching which holds
many pregnant possibltes Ior the lead-
ng nations ot the world. . . The
coming of the crisis is unmistakably
indicated by the labor unrest ln all
countries In spite of the much heralded
prosperity. There e prosperity, according to statistics, but It Is unfairly
distributed. The already rich are getting too big a share of it, and the
working classes too little.
That sounds good, doesn't lt? The
real, human, intelligent, lalr-dealiag
ring? lt It the jeginnlng ot an Inter
view with the prominent American,
prominent - only because wealthy, In
London.
Looks as If we might escape some
trouble and serious times If we had
only a tew men like that, doesnt It?
But listen to what he taya next:
"But don't Inter from tbit tbat I am
In favor of any doctrine for a limitation of the opportunities for acquiring
wealth."
Doesn't tound quite to good .now,
does it? Doesn't tound the tame at
all, does it? Thlt it the common ending of the attempt of a man of hit
class to show how keenly be suffers
because of the universal Injustice to
the man who produces the wealth "of
the world.
He starts out bravely to tell of the
causes ot the terrible unrest and the
"crisis in the volution of civilisation,"
but he Is never able to get beyond that
point, a point to which even the blindest and most class conscious plutocrat
will go along with him, Nobody now
tries to deny these killing conditions,
or the distressing injustice. The
whole world agrees upon tbat now.
It It when the remedy Is proposed
that there It a parting ot the waya.
All agree that conditions are wrong,
all over the world; all agree that they
cannot laat, and all agree that they
soon will be changed. But they want
to change them by letting them stand
Just aa they are.
This particular man haa any millions of dollars. He got them aa an
Inheritance from hla father. He never
tested his Individual abilities in competition with other Individuals except aa
far as they fell within his Inheritance.
He was given a splendidly organised
business ln the bands of the most capable men. These men did the work
for him aa they had done fo rbls
lather, and they did It well.
But this man himself did nothing,
except offer an occasional suggestion.
The real woraers were poor and Terrain poor. He adds more millions because they kept the organisation the
father built, and put Into operation, I
tunning smoothly, and profitably. Why
should he want a change, Injustice or
no Injustice to the man who labors?
('oi getting for a moment that there
is no such conditions a a 'a'crisis In
evolution," the feature of this Interview that strikes one who has eyes to
nee, and ears to hear, la that this man
and others of his class refuse to see
that lt Ib themselves who are forcing
this terrible unrest and crisis, not in
evolution, but In our social, political,
industrial and economic structure aa lt
stands.
The remedy will not come ln the
shape cf anything the exploiting class
will give to the exploited. The exploiter never give enough to do any
good. They call it reform,- but lt'a
merely a small, temporary patch upon
the economic body that doesn't stick.
The remedy for the Injustice and the
suffering will be exactly what the exploited ones are strong enough to
take. It will never be offered to them.
They must take it, and they'll get only
what they are strong enough to take.
1 he remedy will never come from
above, but below. The remedy will
come (rom wuere the suffering exists,
and where the Injustice does Its work.
That Is below, not above.
The unrest Is Just the exploited making up their minds to take It. When
they get lt figured out they will take
what belongs to them, because they
create it.
Net until they have decided wbat
they want, and how to get It, will the
exploited get real life, liberty and hap-
plness.
When they do, they'll get all that belongs to them. But they will have to
lake it, for it will never be offered.
The exploiters agree that Injustice
Is being done, but they'll light to the
bitter end to maintain that Injustice.
It doesn't hurt them.—Amalgamated
Journal.
District 6, W.F. or M„ Convention.
The fifteenth annuel convention of
District 6 of the Western Federation
ot Miners will convene at Nelson on
January 8.
LOCAL GLACE BAY, NO. 1, of MARITIME—Headquarters In Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every evening. Business and propaganda meeting at headquarters every Thursday at
8, p.m. Alfred Nash, Secretary, Box 168.
Harold G. Ross, organiser Box 106,
CAPITALIST PRODUCTION.
The essential characteristic of
wealth production under the present
system Is that of proflt. This is merely another form of getting something
for nothing. It Is self evident that
something cannot be obtained for nothing without some one getting the
worst of the deal. Capitalist production will be speeded up to the utmost
limit so long as a proflt can be realised. The motive lying behind It Is
not the produce of use value, but of
exchange value. No matter how urgent the need of any given thing, Its
production under capitalism must
cease when proflt can no longer be obtained through its production and sale.
The matter of sale Is, of course, incidental to the progress of profit getting.
Fully developed capitalism Implies
the capitalisation of the means ot
wealth production, and production for
proflt.
If a clear understanding of what the
real meaning of capital is were flrst
obtained, much confusion might be
avoided ln dealing with the problems
that are continually arising under its
rule.
Capital Is a term applied to the
means of wealth production under cer-
tain circumstances only. A mill, mine,
factory, land, etc., may or may not. be
capital. Operated exclusively by the
labor of the owners these things would
not be capital. They would be merely
things for use, owned and operated by
the same persons. No proflt would accrue to the owners from such operation.   At the articles produced would
Victoria Labor Temple C.
The Victoria' Labor Temple Co. will
place a Belling agent on the Job with
a view to raising sufficient funds to
carry out the original purposes of the
company. Shares will be sold to those
outside Ihe union movement, but these
will bo limited .to 200. Election ot officers (or tho ensuing term resulted aa
follows: President, George Coldwell;
vice-president, J. Lucas; secretary-
Christian Slverts.
Workmen's Compensation Aot.
The drafting of amendments to the
British Columbia Workmen s Compensation Act Is receiving Ihe attention
of the executive board of the B. C.
Federation of Labor.
In order that .1. H. McVety, fraternal delegate of the B.C. F. of L. to the
v.ashington Stato Federation of Labor, which meets at Olympia, Wash.,
next month, may be enabled to report as to the workings and conditions
of the Washington Workmen's Compensation Act, said to be a model on
tills continent, to tho coming convention oi the B.C. F. of L. at Victoria on
January 13, he left for Seattle yesterday, where arrangements have been
made for him to meet the executive
board of the Washington Stale Feder-
ation of Labor.
At the meeting in Beattle today tho
whole question of Workmen's Compensation Acts will be reviewed, and the
information should prove of considerable value to the delegates at Victoria In formulating a bill that will
meet the requirements If wage workers in this province.
In view of the hostile attitude of
the McBride government towards any
kind ot legislation calculated to safeguard the lire and limb In Industry,
during the pnst four years, the presentation of the proposed amendments to
the existing measure may receive
scant consideration, but It will at
(east demonstrate to the affiliated
membership of the B.C. Federation of
Labor the shortcomings of the present
excuse for a Workmen's Compensation Act.
WE HAVE TO fiO OP OKI OOSiESS OY M AIT 1
sat mtat tkt men Over te Oat gaisisssss  We am •
Stock of Some $75,000 to Clean-up
sass****? XMAS GOODS
nur'i
Tea will have to pay stse-Mere la
usa.   W. eabje* st
te VttB psjfw-r1
These are rest good Cards of high
class and distinctive character—
Folder Cards—not little single ones
Double, with beautiful Inset mating* and fixed with silk ribbon or
cord.
IfMst)
 ' trkstss   Adjustable to lit any slse or style of .hoe; good value at
11.26—Our Clean-up File per pair. _  at.
We stock th. Mis-Mac, Auto,
Ladles' and Gent's Glacier. Ladies'
and Gent'. Beaver, Regal, Acadian
and Tube—Terrific cut on all.
Regular 11,25 now. ,	
260 shot; regular tt now... Mt
1000 shot; regular 12.60 now..
We hold for a dep.rtm.nt .tor*,
the largest stock In Vancouver of
Knives tor men, women and boys
by Henry Baker and "IXL" at
prices from ......_lte te IM
tit.to —iiS
containing ™mo\e™"riiS7rr^bTS*i2tir&~n~tn\r xemotnO aad
flnkhgl—no better present can be given to the boy, youth or young man.
e have sate at 110, tie, |20 and fit—W. are now during cut at ttjt,
ONIG STOREl
564840 HASTINGS ST. EASTl
TELEPHONE  8EYMOUR 3472 and 3473'
FALL SHOES FOR MEN
Shooa for Sorrico
fhoet tor Dross
Shooa tor Comfort
Shooa for »orr Hoqttlrotstot
We've picked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're tit the service
of every man who desires the beat shoes his money oan boy.
W.J.ORR
204 MAIN STREET
Opposite the City H J
Named Shea* Aro rractuantlr
Mado In Non-Union Factories
DO NOT BUY ANY SHOE
no matter what its name, unlets it bests s'
plain and readabit impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp sit
always Non-Union.
Boot o> Shoo WorKera" Union
246 Summer Street    ston, Hue.
J. F. Tobin, Pret.    C. L.° aine, Bec.-Treai.
Honest Leather
WORKED UP BY
COMPETENT WORKMEN
under proper conditions,>•' sanitary workshops haa one inevitable result
GOOD SHOES
THE ONLY KINO WE HANDLE
THE BHOE XTLT f\ f\ T\   L°°k ,0T *•"•
8PKCIALI8T   V V   ^b«/ ^ss/ slss#   Union Stamp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W.. near Cambie
1
Get Your Money's Worth
be.s: in b c/3'"   c vorv^s
Patronize Home Industry
BY ASKING
FOR THIS
ON YOUR
PRINTING
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
j—
forii with the President and
the President works with you'
rmldnt ■nsB.sters OuraatMil
The Beer Without
a Peer
Phone
Fairmont
429
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY DECEMBER 27, 1(11
Money-Saving Prices
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
House Furnishings
See the Province and World eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending, name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
Whale Brand
"Site,   Strength,   Endurance"
OVERALLS
Tbey sre beyond question .
brand of overalls tbat "spe.lt for
themselves." Tbe expert workmanship under careful, personal
supervision, renders a .olid and
worthy reputation ONLY for the
"WHALE BRAND OVERALLS."
The pockets are made to suit you
and "THEY" are msde to suit
your '-POOK-STS."
Ma) Mia ax TOVB owmntut
A. WADDINGTON
MAsWUVAOmiBi
tt Willi It,    TMooifwr, B. 0.
HEATERS
Stoves and Nice Warm
RUGS
for the cool weather at
W. TURNER
807 Granville Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745
rjQWITH
BUNCH
TO THE
BRUNSWICK
POOL ROOMS
We can funrish|w.s'ty.uiei
YOUR HOME" m\\T
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3667
MASS-MEETING SUNDAY
IN DOMINION THEATRE
Mr. Union Man
Here ia the place to
buy a union-made
HAT
We oarry tho largest
assortment of union-
made hats in
SOFT
STIFF
TWEED
VELOURS
-IN CANADA
Leader Exclusive
(2.00 Hat Store
8.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers ol
82,00 Hats
T«
OUSANDS
OF THESE BOOKS SELLING
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll..... 20c
The People's Bookstore
182 Cordova W.
MINLCAHY'S CAFETERIA
THE BEST OF
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
JAEGER
UNDERWEAR
If you 'want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make, no mistake in buying.Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
ft COMPANY, LIMITED
345 Hsstings W.  MO Granville
(It Hastings W.
FOB B^BRT
WATCH
' ■     I I      ■■
and Jewelery
REPAIRING
CALL AND SHE
Geo. G. Bigger
143  Hastings  Street  West
Imperial Wine
Company
54 Cobdova Stbbkt West
Phone Set, 9S5
-  Direct Importers of
TALISKER
WHISKY
Goodi Delivered Free to sll
,: parts of the city
L BURNS & CO.
Hardware and Furniture
.   Dealers
Carpenters' Toolt Our Specially
Bargain sale of bankrupt furniture—dressers, beds, heaters,
sideboards and cook stoves at
prices that defy competition
135-8 Cordova St. East
Near Main   Phone Sey. 1579
Union
Tailoring
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
«J When you" buy your suits
(rom us you ire doing to, We
employ union workmen only.
•J In dealing with ui you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
BEST FABRICS; the BEST
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
DATE STYLES
AMERICAN
TAILORING
COMPANY
62 HASTINGS ST. EAST
VANCOUVER.    B.  C.
FROM AUSTRALIA.
By J. LESLIE HADDON.
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Nov. 18, 1912.—
When I left these parts a tew years
ago .Australia was hope|essly behind
Canada In regard to those things
which go to make what we call higher
civilization. In other words, Australia was, by comparison, slow and
old-fashioned.
Oh returning, I cannot help noticing many changes—vaBt changes for
the better; but still lt seems to me
tbere is yet a long way to go before
Australia can rank with Canada.
Candidly, I think she never can, and
never will, reach the same level.
Nature has decreed otherwise. Natural conditions are against lt. The
big things, the mountains, the rivers,
the lakes—those natural gifts « that
make possible the unlimited resources
of Canada, and which lend encouragement to the pushing American spirit
that has developed them—these are,
ln a great way, wanting. The minerals .are here, the soil Ib here, and so
are the men; but there is something
lacking—that great, big "something"
that Is tbe underlying force which
puts the wheat on Canada's prairies,
the timber on her hills and the fruits
In her valleys. And as I travel
through the country and compare its
parched plains and grey forests with
the dewy greenness of Canada, this
something spells Itself out In one
word—water. And without water In
plenty to soak the bread-producing
plains of the Interior, and to supply
power for the country's Industries,
Australia Is out ot the running when lt
comes to a competition with Canada.
But what a pessimistic first hand
Impression I have formed 1 I have
looked from a general point ot view.
I wipe my "specs." and look again—
this time from a worker's viewpoint—
and It doesn't loo* so bad. For what
does true prosperity in any country
mean! On what is lt based? Not
necesBarily on the productivity of the
land and the richness of Its mines;
but rather on the manner ln which rhe
wealth derived therefrom Is distributed. I attach myself to the multitude,
the maSB of people who are the real
lite and soul of any community; anu
that country wherein this multitude
has taken to Itself the fairest share of
the produce ot Its labors is to me the
most truly prosperous.
And so my second and deeper Introspection reveals to me many pleasing
facts. In aplte of the great handicap
placed upon them by the lack of thosu
climatic bounties and means of de-
relopment already referred to, these
sun-browned workers of Australia
have come to realise that in developing a country they are creating
wealth, and tbat they are entitled to
Just so much of this wealth as they
are In a position to take; .md that,
be the prosperity great or small, it
shall not, at any rate, merely mean
prosperity for a few. Because ot this
awakening, the press and certain sections of the public are loudly bewailing the alleged tact that the tyrannical rule of organised labor is ruining
Australia, that the country's credit la
gone, and that labor Is demanding—
nay, taking—all for Itself and leaving
the remainder of the population with
nothing at all; Now, while we know
these lamentations and condemnations are quite the proper thing for a
Capitalistic press, and that we must
not take them seriously, thera Is the
great and glorious satisfaction of
knowing that they are the best evidence that Labor really is doing something for Itself.
I find that this Is so. Conditions
are far better than they were when I
last saw the country. Wages are
higher all round—very much so. The
carpenter who received 10s. a day now
gets 13s.; the bricklayer has climbed
from Us to ltt and 15s; the machinist now gets Us. where before he got
10s.; and so on. These wages are
fixed by compulsory arbitration, and
each day brings a fresh list of
'Awards." But, you say, arbitration
Is no good; we have proved that ln
Canada. Well, I think that depends
a great deal on the personnel ot the
arbitration courts, and this personnel,
In turn, of course, depends on what
government is In power. You bett
But beside the wage question, the
workers have better shop conditions;
they are more Independent, and have
adopted a higher standard. Beat ot
all, they are thoroughly organlted.
It pays to belong to a union now, for
the awarda are made to the various
crafts through the union representatives, and usually embody a provision
that preference shall be given to
union men.
With the rise In wages has come the
Inevitable Increase in the cost of living, which, of course, brings up that
old, old question of economics; but
the fact remains that the saving mar-
gin of the wage-earner is greater than
ever before, and my authority for thla
is the Savings Banks returns and
the general wellbelng of the working
classes.
Nor have the production and Industry of the country ceased altogether,
aa the press would almost have us believe. The coal mines and gold mines
are still pouring out their wealth—and
without the aid or yellow labor. The
wool exports still reach annual totals
to the tune of twenty million pounds
and more, and the country le producing more In a general way than when
Labor was a less significant factor.
Aa for capital being scared away,
there are no apparent indications of
this, and the Government has shown
Itself capable of doing things even
without tbe aid of private enterprise.
Out back, at the present time, the
too few rivers are being utilised ln
big schemes to Irrigate tracts of hundreds of square miles, providing
homes for thousands of families where
before they could not be numbered by
dosens. The Oovernment Is doing
this, and doing lt economically on day
wages. In other parts, territories which
In the greedy grasp of Its hereditary
owners had lain Idle for decades, Is
being cut up and offered for closer
settlement; and to these parts Immigrants from Oreat Britain and America coming freely Yes, from America;
and men from Washington and Ore-
gan have told me they can see better
hopes of prosperity here than In
America. Just why, I know not; I
am not a farmer. Perhaps they feel
a little freer from the trust and the
octopus; perhsPB they are glad to be
away from the competition of Chinese
and Japs,   Who knows?
In the cities—I speak of Sydney and
Melbourne ln particular ,as they are
by far the two largest ln the Commonwealth, they are having good times.
A Credit to Union Workmanship
-HUMBERT
CIGARS
JOSBr J,. -sUBTDT
Aa Active atnUMrs of Tiotori. Labonrtf
frotMtlv. Union
"Every time Cupid hits the mark,
he Mrs. It."—Fleming.
The forward movement of organised
labor will not down. It thrives most
where moat oppressed. Bitter experience Is rapidly teaching the membership the value ot closer federation on
the 1 ndustrlal field and political
unity on election day.
Every working-class elector In B. U.
should be able to transfer his vote
much the ssane way as he at present
transfers his union card, by taking
out a "withdrawal" and depositing lt
with the registrar of voters ln whatever riding he happens to locate.
Then, If he doesn't like the laws en-
acted and he nas as much brains aB
would give room for a headache, he
will proceed to elect men of his own
class to do a little law-making for his
own class.
The remote probability that the alleged Labor Commission, recently
doled out to political supporters regardless of the|r qualifications, might
take a notion to Investigate the con
dltlont surrounding the operation of
the Canadian Colliery Co. mines at
Cumberland and Ladysmlth, has
caused the coal barons a little uneasiness, and the report that they are
now ready to meet "a committee from
the men themselves"—as against
union representatives—will come aa
no surprise to those who know something of the methods and reasons for
the present lockout. The truth of the
matter la the coal company dare not
permit an Inquiry of any sort that
would mean publicity. Nor can the
McBride government afford to take
any chances on having tbe role It
played In the strike brought to the
light of day. If, however, the threat
of an Inquiry compels the coal company and the government to crawfish
sufficiently to bring about a truce the
members of the United Mine Workers' Union can be depended Upon to
adjust the other details irom time to
time.. It will taSe more than a "settlement" and time to efface the rotten
record of both the coal company and
Its willing ally, the McBride government.
A stenographic report of Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada deputation
upon the Dominion cabinet at Ottawa
on November tth Is to hand this week
from Secretary-Treasurer P. M. Draper. »<?' t, . *&
It .comprises a 60-page booklet and
will proveVan Interesting document to
the affiliated membership of the Congress.
The request for a royal commission
to Inquire Into the methods and workings ot the Steel Trust In Nova Scotia; the enactment of an eight-hour
day on all public works; the Orand
Trunk Pacific Railway strike (now
temporarily settled); amendments to
or repeal of the Industrial Disputes
Investigation Act; furthering of the
co-operative movement; a protest
against military training of boys; increased pay for the letter-carriers;
abolition of election deposits; false
representations In the matter of immigration; superannuation for civil
servants; these and other questions
were discussed at length with Premier Borden and Minister of Labor
Crothers, by the Congress delegation.
The stenographic report enables the
unionists of Canada to get a line on
how their case Is presented and what
the ministers have to say when closeted with representatives of labor.
Every union In the Dominion will
probably have received a copy of the
report. If not, a letter to the Congress secretary' will secure one. Address Box 516, Ottawa,
Federal Investigation Board.
John W. Bennett of Fernle and C. R,
Hamilton, K. C, of Nelson, nave been
named by the miners and mine operator! respectively at representatives
on the board of conciliation which has
been established by the Department
of Labor to investigate the dispute
which haa arisen following the request of the miners for an Increase In
wsges of 50 cents per day. Messrs.
Hamilton and Bennett will meet today with a view! to agreeing upon a
chairman of the board. Should they
fall to do ao the government will
make the appointment,
Both cities have grown wonderfully,
and both are approaching the three-
quarter million mark. In some respects they strike me as being old-
fashioned. There are no skyscrapers,
for instance, and the conservative
British spirit is still, to my mind, too
much In evidence. American push
and. up-to-dateness are creeping In,
though, and the leaven thus added to
the loaf will no doubt prove of value.
Building Is going ahead ln these two
cities, and more or less throughout
the country. I notice that the structures do not "grow while you watch
them" here, and the workmen do not
attempt the pace so characteristic ot
American and Canadian artisans. As
I write I can see a' bunch of men putting the finishing'touches on a live-
room brick cottage, which I am told
has been five months In the building,
and Is no exception,
Australia ia still dependent on the
outside world for a great many
things, vastly more so than Canada;
but apparently she has awakened to
the fact that some of these can be
produced at home, New Industries
are slowly developing, Including the
building of her own locomotives, and
of warships for the new Australian
navy. This navy, by the way, Is part
of the defence scheme so much talked
of—for Australians are keen on the
fighting question, and are, as tbey always were, loyal and'patrlotlo to a degree that, to me, It little short of
ridiculous, I hope to touch on this
matter In my next letter, when I shall
deal with Australian politics,
Sydney, N.8.W.
FROM AUSTRALIA.
By J. LkiSLIE HADDON.
Knowing, as a worker, that when we
seek to learn of existing conditions
abroad or at home, we cannoi place
any reliance in the press, but must
look to the personal experiences and
observations of our fellow workers, It
has occurred to me that, while I have
returned to the land of my birth primarily for the purpose of spending a
holiday with the friends and among
the haunts of my boyhood days, 1
might at the same time commit to
paper a few Ideas and comparisons
that from time to time strike me, and
which may interest my fellow workers
in British Columbia.
It is nearly a decade since I left
theBe parts, and during that time 1
have seen something of men and
things in the Old Land and on the
American continent, and Incidentally
have become a Canadian, bo that I believe I am ln a position to take a
somewhat broader and more impartial
view of things than the too common
Pullman car ImpresslonlBt,
I have only been here a few days, so
I shall not venture any opinion as to
Australian politics or conditions until
I have had an opportunity of further
Investigation; but as a prelude to a
series of letters I purpose submitting
for tbe approval of the editor and readers of the Fed,, deal briefly with my
voyage from Vancouver to Sydney—a
voyage both Instructive and enjoyable,
excepting, of course, those periods
when the Insatiable craving of the
fishes demanded my undivided attention,
Honolulu Is the flrst stop, a week out
from Vancouver, and a welcome stop
It Is. The better part ot a day was
spent here, and to me, after the Industrial turmoil of British Columbia tor
the last few years, it was like a dip
Into paradise. Here are all the beauties of the tropics, palms and trees of
rich foliage and brilliant dowers, with
castellated volanlc mountains In the
background, and In front miles of
beautiful white beach and water as
blue as one sees In the picture books.
And to this Uncle had added all the
conveniences and pleasures of an up-
to-date American city, (rom the splendid car service to the beautiful seaside
parks. It Is a delightful spot; and yet,
to the one who insists on more than
a superficial view of things, tbere is
the Inevitable dark side.. The Japs are
here, and it would appear as though
they had claimed the place for their
own. They do practically all the manual work, from waiting on table to
building houses and growing pineapples. The restaurants and hotels
are owned by white men, but that Is
all; the help Is all yellow, i was told
there were 40,000 Japs In the Islands,
and I believe lt. Now, here is a problem for the economist to solve—or
shall I say for tbe workerB, seeing that
the workers must solve their own
problems. And by the same token,
Uncle Sam has something to think
about In this problem. Right ln these
islands Is a Japanese army, to what ex
tent organised we cannot tell. One
delightfully scented little bronse man
Informed me that Japan could take the
Hawaiian Islands "whenever she felt
good and ready," even though Uncle
Sam has a good few soldiers on hand.
But Japs or no Japs, Honolulu Is a fine
place to spend a week or two, and as
it is within easy roach of Vancouver,
I recommend lt to the workers of B.C.
as a, refuge from the rain and cold
during the Idle winters.
Eight or nine days of more or less
monotonous sailing through the
tropics, during which we cross the
Line and King Neptune receives his
usual tribute, and Suva, in the FIJI
group, Is reached. One Is struck on
arrival by the beautiful physique of
the native men and women, and the
fact that the men, Including police, soldiers, and post office employees, wear
only a petticoat, with no trousers,
shoes or hats, dense mops of tutsy
hair doing duty ior the latter. Then
there are hordes of Hindoos, of the
familiar variety eeen In British Columbia—equally high-smelling, but with
less clothes, tor most of them have
only their native loin-cloths to cover
their nakedness. The Hindoos here,
like the Japs In Honolulu, do all the
manual moor, and many, of them have
small farms of their own. One cannot
help thinking, as he looks at this black
horde, what can be the ultimate result. These JapB, smart and cunning,
and the slower but none the less In-
sinuatlng Hindoos, they are In tbe Is-
lands to stay, as they are on the Pacific coaat, and at the rate they are
going they will at no distant date be
the controlling power Oh the Pacific.
They must either conquer the white
race in time or asslmillate with lt, and
the latter course seems too horrible
to contemplate.
Suva is.the first "real English'* settlement met on our Journey southward, and tt ia Impossible for the
traveller to refrain from drawing comparisons between American and British modes and methods. The comparison still presents Itself when we come
to Auckland, New Zealand, our next
port of call, and personally, I think
John Bull suffers by tho comparison.
There Is a decided contrast between a
Canadian or American city and these
British cities of the south, Everything
here seems so blamed slow and old-fashioned. There Is nothing of that push and
hustle and up-to-dateness so common
in Canada. There seems to be an un.
apoken belief ln these communities
that "wbat was good enough for grandfather Is surely good enough for me."
I admit I was somewhat disappointed
by the discovery of this state of affairs,
but I consoled myself with the fact
that the people seem none the less
happy for their lack of push; and, besides, these are small towns. We
shall surely see better things ln Australia.
While tn Auckland I visited the
Trades Hall, and had a talk with one
or two union secretaries. I learned
from them that the unions ot New Zealand are realising the value of closer
affiliation, and are building up a Federation of Labor throughout the Dominion. Strikes are of rather frequent
occurrence of late, and one was actually In progress among the miners and
laborers ln the vicinity of Auckland
when I arrived. This Is a new state of
affairs, for New Zealand has for years
borne tbe reputation ot being a country free from Industrial strife, I was
told that the reason for this ib that the
workers had tired of arbitration and
conciliation. So long as the Arbitration Boards gave labor favorable
awards the workers were contented;
but of late the personnel of the board
has been altered so as to favor the1
employer somewhat, with the above'
mentioned result. New Zealand has
for the last few years been held up
as a model democratic community,
where the worker enjoyed better conditions than existed elsewhere. That
these conditions really have existed
there Is no doubt, but no credit Is due
to Labor on tbls account. That credit
must be given to the Liberal govern-
Agents
Wanted
Throughout Canada to sell
Vancouver Real Estate and
British Columbia Acreage
References given and required.   Liberal commissions.
W. W. LEFEAUX
Labor Temple Building
Dunsmuir Street Vancouver, B. C.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANOOUVER.  B.  0.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE   TREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
YOUR WINTER SUIT
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock lo select (rem
FRED PERRY ^ Te7'e ™or
Corner Homer snd Dunmuir Slircli
ment, which for fifteen years held
power under the leadership of Richard
Seddon (King Dick), a one-time
machinist, who, to my mind, must
have been a Socialist In disguise. This
government enacted measure after
measure tor the' betterment of the
working man's condition, yet not a
single member of tbe house was sent
there as a representative of Labor.
The unlona were quite content to let
this sort of thing go on; things were
coming their way without any effort
on their part; but when a year or two
ago a Tory government took the reins
and things took a sudden change for
the worse, said unions woke up with a
start, and now they are making a Belated effort to do things for themselves. At the present time they have
only three Labor representatives tn the
Legislature, but prospects are good.
I have as yet only had a glimpse of
Australia, but I see and hear much
that pleases me. There Is something
In the air that speaks o* better times,
and perhapa the pleasantest sound l
hear Is the continual clatter on the
street and In the capitalist press ln
condemnation of the Labor Governments!   But ot this more anon.
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Horses
mid Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey, 798
Berry Bros.
AgentM for Cleveland Cycle*.
"Tht Bicycle with the Btpttatloa"
Pull line of acceiworle*
Repairs promptly executed
•IS MMTUrdS WK'at"
mow ■eyioM TBW
RUBIO
Ask Your
BARBER
For
AFTER A SHAVE
s. a »abwsM ajmreo.
sir aoMoa man
OTons ttoymou 4401
When your Grocery Bill
comes due, why not
pay it to yourself?
Did you ever think of the tremendous difference
it would make to you, wore you on the other side of
the cash register when pay-day comes round t
Perhaps you did, but you immediately concluded
there was no use—the more you thought about it the
more disgusted you became.
With beef-steak rapidly climbing into the realm
of luxuries, and wages remaining practically stationary, the butcher bill is even worse than the grocers.
Still, the butcher and the grocer can't help it.
Neither can the baiter. Some of them are failing
every day. They arc all competing against one
another, wasting time, money and energj-—and you
pay the bills.
Some of the people in Vancouver have become
tired of it. They have organizod themselves into an
association which is already supplying them and
others with groceries and will soon supply litem with
(ill other household necessities.
Their store in here in the Labor Temple. Wage
nnd salary earners entirely own and control it.
Whatever profits are made arc given back to thoiu
in tho shape of either yearly dividends or monthly
I'obctes, or both.
In this way when they pay their grocery hills
they are really taking the money out of their pocket
with one hand and putting it in tho cash register
with the other.
When we get fully organized and secure larger
store space it is our intention to branch out into
meats, hardware, clothing, furniture, in fact everything needed in the house.
How about yourself? Which side of the cash
register are you on I If you persist on being on thi.
wrong side of course we cannot interest you, but you
should at least investigate this, and see how easy it
will be for you to change, your position.
Try us lor groceries, Our stock is fresh and
pure. Service courteous, delivery prompt. Use the
telephone. No left-over, worn-out stock at eye-catching prices, but pure-food articles at prices as low as
elsewhere, or lower. Information gladly given any
time.
LABOR TEMPLE 419 DUNSMUIR ST.
PHONE SEYMOUR 6480.
CO-OPERATIVE STORES
419 Dunsmuir St.
LIMITED
Vancouver, Can.
"Watch Us Grow" Section 2
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
•Uf'l'iil^l
Pages *U
FIFTH YEAE. No. 90.
NEW WESTMINSTER THEim<LABOR CONVENTION
Great Industrial City
—Presh Water Port
NEW WESTMINSTER, Industrial centre today and great
fresh water port of British
Columbia tomorrow, Is an
Ideal convention town. Rich ln his.
torlc associations, endowed with noble
open spaces, throbbing with productive lite, few cities in the west appeal
so keenly at once to the Imagination
and the Immediate appreciation of the
visitor.
Everyone in British ' Columbia
knows the history of New Westminster, how It waa almost the first
settlement on the mainland and the
first capital of British Columbia; the
site of the first mainland newspaper
aiid the base of operations for the
first gold rush Into the Interior, lt
was at Sapperton, the east-end district
of the city, that the royal engineers
sent out trom England In 1859 to establish mw and order throughout this
great country ln the name of Queen
Victoria, first landed, and made their
headquarters' camp. In the same
year Colonel Moody, wltb far-seeing
eye, cbose the site of the future city
<n which Queen Victoria ln the same
year bestowed the name of New
Westminster. Till 1868 New Westminster remained the capital of British Columbia, but in 1868 Vancouver
Island and the mainland were united
In one, and two years later the seat
of Government was removed to Vic-
tcrla.
Perhaps the finest tradition of the
Royal city is that it was the home ot
the great battle for constitutional government In British Columbia. With
Hon, John Robson, editor of the
British Colombian, aB leader, the
struggle continued tor years, till at
last lt was crowned by the success of
which we are enjoying the fruits today.
Conventions, however, want some-
BD, TJ*  Cerial
oOCJY. Foods
Milling Company, Ltd.
New Westminster, B. C.
Seeds, Hay, Grain, Etc.
Phone 730        P. O. Box 395
J. P. McMurphy
HKATIXG A'Nll SANITARY
EXGINEEK
ESTIMATES  KUM.NISllEI)
Clarkson Street
New Westminster, B. C.
thing besides history, and perhaps the
Urst need of a convention city Is to he
accessible. I This New Yveatmlnster
certainly la. The Great Northern and
Canadian Pacific railways both ran
through the city, while the British Col-
branches radiating In one direction
umbie Electric railway ayatem hu
branches radiating, In one direction
seventy miles to Chilllwack ln the
Fraser valley, the most fertile district
ln British Columbia, in another to
Steveston, the home of the canning industry, and again to Millslde, the site
of the greatest lumber mill In the
world. Three more electric lines join
the city with: Vancouver, running by
Bburne, Central Park and Burnaby
Lake, with a fifteen minute service in
force.
Open spaces are another requirements Queen's Park has already acquired Dominion wide fame for the
provincial exhibition held there annually, and the famous lacrosse matches
played on the historic oval. Tlpperary and Moody parks are two more
beautiful open spaces, and the city has
recently acquired a traot In Sapperton
and another lh Queensborough for
park purposes, ihe result of tbls will
be that Very shortly New Westminster
will be one of the cities most blest
with open spaces In the west. Money
to be spent on the Improvement of
these areas has already been voted.
Hotel accommodation ln the Royal
City' has Improved steadily. A new
first class hotel has been put up this
year, while others have added to their
buildings and improved tbelr appoint-
mints. A new addition to the Hotel
Rub!el Is half-way completed, anii
apartment houses are springing up all
over the city.
Industrially New Westminster stands
alone in the west. Thirteen out ct
every hundred of the whole population
are employed1 in actual productive
work, these totalling 2,472 In all, and
many hundreds more are employed on
tbe streets and ln the buildings and
allied tradea. The total yearly Industrial output is valued at over seven
and one-quarter million dollars, while
the yearly Industrial payroll la |2,146,
804. The satisfactory condition of the
building trade can also be seen from
,ne fact that building permits for the
first ten months at 1912 totalled 11,517,
418, or en Increase of about fifty per
cent, over 1911.
The chief Industries of New Westminster and the Fraser river have always been' lumbering and salmon
canning. The clty'a proportion of this
h»nernffidu%ryis""notiniS,Tlut Including frosen halibut ia worth about one-
quarter of a million a year, while the
lumber output of the city proper is
worth about (8,000,000. Within four
miles of the eastern boundary, however, the famous Canadian Western
number company's mills are situated,
producing another $2,500,000 worth of
lumber and employing about fifteen
hundred men.
Metal Industries account for a production rf nearly $1,000,000; packed
meat, $1,400,000; dairies, si00,000, and
clear factories, $100,000.  Besides these
Development of the Labor Movement in Canada
(By L. T. ENGLISH.)
The world doesn't move—It whlsies.
The time II only1 yesterday that the
little coterie who strove to give expression to working-class revolutionary doctrines bad no greater field ln
which to advance their Ideas than the
ears of some single individual wbo
could It Interested or angered Into
discussing that- perple-dng-eubjeet—
the labor problem—which Is the prob-
lam cf life Itself. Now thousands of
publications are circulated whose main
purpose la the discussing ot thla same
topic and many whose avowed pur
pose it Is to spread tbe doctrine ot
Oeo. Cameron    H. B. Chaffee
Liverpool Arms
662 Columbia Street
PHONE 491
For Union Made Shoes
W. E. Sinclair
The Shoeman
611 COLOMBIA STREET
New Westminster
D. S.Curtis & Co.
DRUOS, SPECTACLES,
SEEDS and PHOTO GOODS
New Westminster, B. C.
P. O. BOX 814
Beaver Cigar
Factory
I'red J. Lynch, Proprietor.
New Westminster, B.O.
different industries the B.C.E.R. car-
shops employ over 100 men, and the
Sccrstaiy-TMeaom liberie 1-odsntloa
off Xstber, Calgary, Alta,
New Westminster
After Convention
KW WB8TMINSTBB Trades
and Labor Council has determined to. go but after the
January, 1914, iourth annual convention of the British Columbia Federation of Labor. Already the unionists
of the Royal City are M per cent
emulated with the Federation, and the
Central Labor Body ! haa Initiated a
campaign among tin unions with a view
to sending a full quota of delegates to
the 191$ convention at, Vlotoria next
month, with the object of putting up a
contest, If Indeed there will be one at
all, to make New Westminster the
next meeting place,
A casual canvaas among Vancouver
•n'onfsts seems to Indicate that they,
'co, will te In favor of making the
some into another. History, biology,
art, literature, awl every kindred sel-
eaee have been explored by minds who
have done so with a vie* to applying
labor's materialist conceptions to
them, and the result Is that a rich
storehouse of real knowledge and
learning lies ready, before the honest
Investigator. In fact, It is Labor alone
who can properly understand the advances made ln scientific research, and
who can fearlessly follow them to their
logical application.
Political action It the only channel
by which Labor can he a movement at
ill The trade and labor union bodies
are Ilk* lakes—"sloughs of despond,"
Jome might say—and without movement of a pronounced nature In any
Labor's revolt. Now any man or worn-
an who can write or speak intelligently and conectedly on any subject
whatever can show Its relation to
Ubor and Labor's struggle is sure
not only of a hearing but their contributions sre eager.y sought after. But
It Is only those who have, strove
through adverse conditions, who,have
fought what seemed a hopeless and
losing battle for the truth as to what
Labor's problem really Is who can appreciate the change that haa come
over the union labor movement, which
has changed Its attitude trom that of
lent rant prejudice tb willing—not to
say eager—desire to understand.
Perhaps the change has not been altogether on the part of union labor
either. There la plenty of evidence to
show that passing events and years
have ripened the understanding of
those who. in those days were perhaps
somewhat intrlerant themselves; who
«ho were inclined to make farfetched
deductions from facts not well under.
_       __ stood, and were more apt to bore than
Western~Pap"er" Mills are another lm- enlighten (heir hearers with their nar-
portant business, producing fifteen row application of a political program
tons of coarse paper a day. to solve every problem ln human re-
It Is also interesting to note how latlons. When one comes Into contact
a nidi v new Industries sre locating In
this district. Both the Western Paper
Mills and the huge British Canadian
Lumber company mill In Queens-
borough started operations only this
yesr, while the Dominion Match Corn-
puny and the Pacific Chocolate company hare also established pnnts, and
are about to begin work. The B. C.
Brass Works and the Wngon and
Wheel company are two more new
concerns, tht Gralngrowors B. C.
Agency ere erecting a feel mill and
elevator, and the B. C. Transoort
company has built a 660 foot wharf
equlpprd with warehouse and bunkers.
Other rraailer concerns hsve also
been started, and some of the older
ones have haa to double their capacity.
Among these are the Vulcan Ironworks, tbe Schaako Machine works,
recehtlv acquired by the Heaps Engineering company, and the Westminster Woodworking company. At
Coquitlam, within eight miles of New
Westminster, the Coquitlam Ship
Building yards have been eatablished,
and the Call Switch company have
built a factory.
Railway development has also been
verv marked this year. The B. C,
E. R. bas opened three new lines; one
Interurban line to Millslde, and two
city lines up Sixth Street and to
Queensborough. They have built and
etarted operating the double-tracked
Highland Park cut-oft on the Central
Park route, which will reduce the tlmi
to Vancouver by fifteen minutes at
least.
Of steam roads, the C. P. R. hss' Morstaty - -meaner >ew Westminster
built a fine new wharf.     The Great aabcr Temple Oa.
Northern has acquired1 a Urge aoreage . ■   '   *~ -
on the city's eastern limits for yard with a young enthusiast who, having
purposes, and Is busy double-tracking grasped a few fundamentals, makes an
to Vancouver. The C. N. R. has com- Infernal nuisance of himself by hutting
pleted Its treck from Port Mann to into any and every conversation, and
Hope, and Is building Its yards, round- endeavouring to turn It Into a discus-
houses and shops at Port Mann. The ston of the one or two phases of the
C. P. R. haB constructed splendid j labor movement which he under
yards and a twelve stall roundhouse stands, a sense of our own shortcom-
at Coquitlam. | lugs and what we have Inflicted on
 :— i others Is brought home to us,
j. a. atoam-f.
Western Oaaada Bopneoatatlve o
federal Derailment ef labor,
sTeUooarteie at Tenmver.
with
Royal City the next meeting ground
'or the big provincial convention. And
ln i etuin for this support Vancouver
unionists will expect and receive the
cooreratlrn ot New Westminster In
securing the 1915 convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
for Vancouver.
The Federatlonist naa always tried
to "coyer" the union activities of the
Royal City and has received In return
their hearty support, as well as liberal patronage by Its merchants, sis
this section of Tbe Fed. attests.
of society.  Some have pursued their
studies Into one  branch of science,
ISIS Hirorelty Caul
fern Wsetaalaeter
Council.
Tradei aad Sean
'.ef L.)
The Industrial struggle la the question most vitally concerning the hu-
mamn family of any which.vie have
before us today It has to do with the
very foundation of human progress.
It has to do with the material condition of society. The future moral,
physical, and social well-being of •
community, of state, or nation, depends upon the material Industrial
conditions of those who toil. Poverl-
ity and Its offspring—Ignorance—does
not Inspire a high standard of oltlssm-
ship, nor. does It promote the health
of the Individual or that of the community.
An empty stomach has never raised
the standard of morality.
That human beings, willing to work,
■ball hanger In a land rich with productive sou and other noetural opportunities ia repugnant to every sense
•f Justice and equity. If the soil failed
to produce, or nature failed to provide means to sustain Ufa, poverty, aa
a result, would be a reasonable eon-
elusion. But ln a hud blessed with
productive soil, and nature's opportunities, there should be no want
It is a little leas than criminal to
alt Idle, knowing that hunger and
want la abroad1 in our land where
there le plenty and to spare, without
raising our voice and our efforts In
determined protest to rectify this unnatural Injustice. Let us emphasise
this truth; that to Ignore the unequal
struggle ot .'.he many who must have
employment ln order to sustain life,
competing with eat* ?<h« for meager
wages, begging those who are In a
position to employ for an opportunity
to toll, while the few accumulate great
fortunes at the sacrifice ot manhood,
womanhood, and childhood, leaving
them to live In dirt)'poverty, and disease, is worse than criminal. It debauchee men, soils women, and dwarfs
children. It produces criminals and
breeds deteriorated generation.
All those who care to. know are
painfully aware of the feet that our
NEW.
WESTMINSTER
fmctoa
direction save perhaps,, also likes
lakes, to add to their bulk. Political
action by Labor is like the movement
of a river to the aea, and that sea the
»m of Froedom.    ^movement ETK-hH^SWK
ous nature, there are many who have
may be checked and Impeded, and Its
onward force made to grind tbe coin
of many a thrifty miller by the way,
out It Is Impossible to dam tt or turn
It, and every obstacle but adds to its
gewer andrtallt==„t,^---,.-;, __.'. ..^^^^
Thst the men and the women who
make up the working class of this
country are far from content with
the scope ot action of labor unlona,
there Is plenty of evidence. That
sooner or later not only a few but the
great mass will be travelling the road
of revolt against exploitation, revolt
scarcely enough upon which to exist;
and many more who are on the verge
of resort to charity. In fact, the charitable Institutions are flooded with ep-
Did yon ever stop to think how un.
natural It Is for a human being to
have to beg some one for an opportunity to work, and for that privilege
be compelled to give aa toll the greater portion of that which he produced,
for Just enough upon which to live?
Will we ever become conscious of this
_,  V    —-_•• »-►•»■—••«».■-■»■•, win we ever oecome col
against   poverty,   against   toll   and I great unnatural wrong?
drudgery, and against class rule and
class privilege, even the maaters themselves sometimes admit. To those
workers who understand this belongs
the privilege of aiding and If possible
destroying the works of those who
would check Its flow.
A. H. Turner, manager of the Troy'
Time was when the solution of la-
Steam Laundry,' 425 Clarkson Btreet, In Bot'* Problem  lay ns clear in our
a recent interview said; "The laundry _«~.f* *e men-tag sun; the correct
business has been completely revolutionized In the last few years. Modern
methods for speedily washing and
Ironin? clothes under strictest sanitary conditions, have been Introduced,
and the delivery system ot a modern
laundry Is now an Important factor.
We have the most up-to-date appliances In our Institution, and no ex-
"enrc bas teen spared to make our
delivery service one ot the fastest In
the city.
"We appreciate the patronage given
us by the members of Trades Unions,
nnd wish to eo on record as a friend
of Union Labor."
thing to do was like a b c, and only
time Itself was capable of demonstrating to many of ua that some things
which we took for material facta were
enly shadows after all. Many of those
who were tbe head and front of Labor
activities have disappeared entirely, or
because some pet theory of their own
manufacture has been shown In time
to be fallacious, have recanted and
dropped out. But the more earnest
and tenacious minds have held true to
what has been shown to he the real
fundamental principles of the Labor
movement—the class struggle, the exploitation of labor, and the evolution
Charity will not solve the problem.
The workless people do not want
charity.
Those  who have  yet  their  self-
respect are demanding a readjustment
of the order of things.    Those who
| have been so oppressed that they have
And to follow the allegory further, lost courage and hope must have rathe  trade and  labor  unions, while lief, or soon the dam will break, and a
never giving up their purpose to pro- great  Instinctive  flood'will   sweep
— : many parte of our land.
Will our perverted minds ever reach
i that point when we shall realise that
i true happiness will be ours only when
there Is opportunity for happiness for
all?
, Knowing this, and to Indulge In Idle
speculation, without works, will avail
little.
I have dreamed while In rags of the
■"■i"* life to come. I have even a
childhood's poverty painted a beautiful picture of what might be, In my
T<nd's co a dream of happiness complete. But when I awoke, actual conditions were confronting me, and a
t'lttle fer life was staring me In the
face. The road which leads to the
Ideal happiness Is a long ud rugged
path. To those who think logically
much of the philosophy advanced by
our reformers is but day dreams. Ad-
vancefent is- only possible as the
- f'?t sre riven sn onuoitunlty to
develop a higher Intelligence toward
the human side of our existence.
In dealing with the problem of human welfare, how much we need the
power of right thinking; the knowledge, the understanding ot the conditions surrounding the struggling
ir.a'Fer. To erne Into contact with
and to recognise the inhuman con-
! duct of tbe industrial system, and to
1 realise that our relief from unjust conditions cannot come only through the
efforts of tbe tollers themselves.
Pious prayers have added but little
to our pay envelope. They may help
some, If tbey lend us an Inspiration to
a, a. i-roamr.
President SewWestminster Trades tat work and fight for Justice, as the lov-
labor I
B. D. OBA-ST,
■aorstary Mem Weetmlaater mass sad
ers of religious freedom, prayed and
— =r— fought In the long ago.
tect wages and working conditions,' In the struggles tor political free-
can be of tremendous Importance In dom we find that the right ot fran-
Ihe battle for political supremacy by chlse came through other sources than
supplying men and meana to carry on the ballot. That, In fact, that prlvl-
thla most necesssry work, just as the lege came through an organised effort
watera of the great lakes supply the of those who were without the ballot,
resistless flow of the mighty St Law- In our Industrial struggles, our great-
rence. And aa long as labor unions est power for good is In economic
can maintain working conditions field. Our capability In the use of the
which will permit of working men ballot comes from the fact of educa-
being able to enjoy a little leisure for tlon secured by forcing better oppor-
thought and study and protection from tunltles by our economic struggles,
personal attack and persecutlcn by the Then does It not seem reasonable that
vengeful masters, they are in this mat- the greatest work at hand Is the build
ter alone a tower of strength to tbe I ing up of cur economic forces by the
workers. The greatest danger to be organization of the human units of In-
leered from unions la that too great dustry?
reliance should be placed In them by l Our political strength depends upon
workers. It Is not well to expect too our knowledge of economic conditions,
much from a labor union—they cannot | Hence, we must organise to obtain
and do not pretend to solve the labor knowledge. Knowledge will make our
problem, and It Is only Ignorant men economic and political Ideas conform,
within them who claim they do—but I	
by taking full advantage of what pro-1 "T
taction the labor unions can give and has to engage, and It Is upon the un-
what weapons It can forge and wield successful Issue of this struggle that
the working class can better arm and Labor's rest hope rests, Speed the
organise Itself for the struggle for day of Labor'a struggle and trial, be-
political supremacy In tbe state, which cause It must surely end In Labors
Is the next great war In which labor triumph.
ALTROVW the rati ol
New WMtsttn-sr atua
\*a\**&*«e&
establishment of ths dty
> of Vancouver, It 1* surprising, to what a, very limited ex-
Fenl ffa advantages,-sm tit '
This mar ot due to the test
some fifteen (II) gears ago attt
the entire olty Wis destroyed I.
are and_a. fresh start bad to ■*
made. The merchants and eltf-
sens heroically set te work to.re-
build their city aad ths minnsT to
which they meTthe situation Is
not one ot the least wonders of
the westers country. Then again,
during tht" past twenty years,
there Is no doubt .that the city
hu been overshadowed by Its
sturdy neighbor, the" City of Vancouver.
Now, however, the spirit or progress and advance has taken entire possession of the minds of
the people backed up by the vast
proposals of the, various railway
companies who Intend to make it
one of their Important points.
This spirit Is responsible for the
Inception of the harbor scheme
which, when carried out will
place New Westminster In pos-
' session of one of the Unset fresh'
water harbors on the Continent ot,
North America.
What has been said of the City
is. also, In a large.measure, true
of the vast country lying along
the banks of the Fraser River, up
ae far as. Hope. This ana comprises some of tbe Unset land
adapted for fruit growing and general farming ln the whole world,
and again and again tha highest
prises In competition with the
world have; .ban carried off by
frult-irowers In the Coait District of British Columbia. It mat-
ten Utile whether a settler le
looking for a .small. holding of I
acres or whether he le contem-
8latins a much larger enterprise,
Here Is no doubt whatever, that
the Frwer Valley le the ..Ideal
spot tor settlement. It posseeeee
every advantage In the way of
transportation. There le the river
Itself; the Canadian PaclBo Railway   end   the   proposed   Weotern
OMt Northern. Ike
[Bo. the* C. Tfaao-
rv. end K Railway
Northern, the Great Ni
Northern PaenT- "-- '
trio and the-V, ..	
on the south ebon, ao that the
easiest possible means exist for
carrying produce to the markets
of Vancouver and New Westminster. There le also a trunk road
along the whole of the south side
from Hope to the mouth of the
River.
We can. without hesitation, ear
that no firm hae done more to
bring before the public the
vantages of the Fraser Valley ana
New Westminster District than
that of Messrs. Walker Bros, *
Wllkle. Ther are In Immediate
touch with the transportation companies, their offices, are situated In
the terminal building of the B. C.
Ejeetrlc Railway Company al New
owns the" S'llirwa&TSST cttead-
1ns sixty miles up the valley, lit
addition to Its Interurban llnee
(which sre many), and Us street
railways ln all the Coast cities.
Mr. Wllkle, a member of tha firm,
la the secretary of the Fraser Valley Municipal Publicity Bureau,
end Is thus In InnMdJete touch
with every part of the District
served by that widespread organ-
Isetlon. Mr. B. O. Walker, J.P..
le Preaident of the Burnaby Board
of Trade, operating in one ot the
munlclpelltles lh British Columbia-
He le eleo the BUpensienr Magic
trale for Burnaby. formerly he wee
Assessor and C~M.C. of the same
Municipality, and hence la conversant to the fullest extent with lend
values and appraisements. Mr.
lackman, another member of the
firm, haa had practical acquaintance In the City of Chilllwack
and also In thi Municipality of
Burnaby.
Thla firm enloye a very considerable amount of patronage by
those who are aeeklng sound and
reliable advice as to locations for
settlement. They conduct their
bualneaa upon thi principal of
Asent and Client They expect the
men who once have a transaction
throush them to come again to
carry through future business and
"'      "'      *     'Tile  policy, aue-
 ilea a reputation
which they Jealously guard and
ceeded In eatabllahlni
which they can not afford to Impair by palming oS Inferior lands
In remote locations upon the settler who Is new to the country.
But they an not In any sense of
the word, boosters. They have
never Issued a single circular or
map which will not bear the moat
exacting scrutiny from experts.
At the same time, they are enthusiastic belleven In New Westminster and tbe Fraser Valley.
Concerning the City itself, It ta
their deep conviction that lt is destined to be one of the moot Important pities in the Dominion.
Its position is unique. Placed
upon the hillside forming an upper portion of the city elte and
stretching right and left an the
choicest residentlel lots with
macadamised roads, cement sidewalks and every facility ln water,
light and telephone service that
the heart could wish. The firm
have a large number of loeatlona
In the City and they can, with aa-
surance, recommend them for settlement becau*e New Westminster
Is provided already with a considerable number of factories, Industries, mills and undertakings Involving a large pay roll. Such enterprises ere only ln the Inception at the present. It Is a
constant occurrence for new Industries and businesses to locate In
the city for the very obvious reason that here they can possess
waterf rentage unobstructed and at
a reasonable figure, more advantageously, In fact than any other
cltv on the Coast, and the Municipality owns Its own waterfront   ,
We know that we are eaylng
what Is true when we assert that
the Intending settler, or the Inquirer at a distance, who li
anxious to be put In touch with a
site for a future home or who is
looking for farm lands, can not
do better than to consult with a
firm of the nputatlon end reliability of Messn. Walker Bros. *
Wllkle at either one of their
offices, Edmonds Burnaby, B, C,
or Room I, B. C. Electric Block,
New Westminster. ——
PAGE TEN
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY DECEMBER 27. 1912
751   COLUMBIA    STREET
I. 0.
FBRNRIDQE LUMBER 00.
Ltd.
FOUR -HILLS:
paaew
Telephone TSS
W. H. SMITH
bboobbibb abb x-aov/xnosi
COLDItnrTT BLOCK
■ant anraaby, B. 0.
The Annandale
Supply Co.
STAPLE AMD FANCY
GROCERIES—FRUITS
We Handle Only the Best
PHONES 1 AND ,67
Confectionery, Provisions
M. J. Knight &
Co., Limited
HARDWARE
Stoves, Tinware, Paints and
Oils.
CUTLERY   AND   SPORTING GOODS
65 SIXTH STREET
Phone!
Terms, Cash.
AYLING &
SWAIN
GROCERIES, FISH, FRUIT
AND PRODUCE
447 COLUMBIA ST.
New Westminster, B. C,
Store phone 4574 PO.box 151
S. £. Edwards
JEWELER
Watchmaker  and  Optician
HAU. A LA VERY BLOOK
Columbia Street
Shop of Fashion Craft
A.S. Mtlls&Co.
Ir*»«FOEDR.JAE0ER'S
GOODS
Smart    Apparel    for    the
Younger Men, 16 to 60
517 COLUMBIA ST.
New Westminster, B. C.
Greatest Bargain Store
People's Friend
Clothing Store
CLOTHING,       FURNISH-
rNOS, HATS, BOOTS AND
SHOES, ETO.
Ont Price (nothing Oo.
708 COLUMBIA ST. W.
744 COLUMBIA ST.
SOLE AGENT 'K' BOOTS
The Popular
Shoe Store
641 FRONT ST.
Special Prices to Snbsoribers
to this Paper—When Buying
Mention Paper.
Depot for Leckie's Boots and
Ahren's School Shoes
Weftmin&er
Mill Company, Ltd.
Manufacturers
RED   CEDAR  SHINGLES
New Westminster, B. C.
Official O.P.R. Time Inspector.
W.C.
621 Columbia Street
WATCHMAKER   AND
JEWELLER
Agent for the
"HOWARD," "BALL" and
"LONGINES" WATCHES.
CANADA MALLEABLE A STEEL
RANGE MFG. CO., LTD.
OSHAWA,*ONT.
We handle ranges exclusively, sell
for cash or credit, exchange new
ranges for old stoves. Canada's Pride
Ranges are built like a locomotive
boiler, are guaranteed in every respect, and are made lu Canada, This
company Is fair to organized labor.
Our office ln the city, Market Square.
Phone 996, New Westminster, B.C.
ANDER80N A LUSBY, AGENTS
FOR MAJESTIC RANGES.
Demonstrate Practicability of Whole-
salelng and Retailing Stores under
One Management.
They are the oldest established
hardware dealers In the city and have
repeatedly shown their, friendly attitude towards organised labor.
Blacksmiths' Lumbermen's Contractors' Cannery and Mill Supplies, Explosives, etc.
Steel Ranges, Oraniteware, Tinware,
Paints and Oils, Ammunition, Guns,
etc.
ROYAL CITY LAUNDRY ENLARGE8
PLANT.
The Royal City Laundry, Royal Ave.
and Blacale st., ln enlarging Ub plant
with a brick addition and Improving
its service with the Installation of
modern laundry machinery. This concern has been established four years,
and at the present time maintains five
delivery wagons, in contrast with two
at the time of Its beginning. The
management wishes to thank organised labor for Its support ln the past
and to assure lt o, their friendship.
ENTIRE OUTPUT OF PACIFC CHOCOLATE CO'S FACTORY FINDS
READY MARKET.
New Westminster enjoys the destination of having the only chocolate
manufacturing plant on the Pacific
slope. M. Fredenhazen is the manager
and personally superintends the work
of manufacturing chocolate, candles,
and bakers' chocolate, Mr. Freden-
hasen has surrounded himself with
capable workmen and the entire output of his factory Is consumed as fast
as produced. The name of this concern Is the Pacific Chocolate CO., located at 16, Front Street.
A. F. ofL 1912 Report
Covering Movement in
Canada
The year 1912 marks a new epoch In
the development of the International
trade union movement in Canada.
From the Atlantic to the Pacific therS
has been an awakening to the value
of organisation under International
unions affiliated with the American
Federation of Labor. The marked difference between.the condition of members of trade unions and that of unorganized workers has Induced thousands of indifferent-workers, who had
never Identified themselves with the
movement, to seek admission to the
organizations of their craft or calling.
In all the chief Industrial centers unsolicited applications for membership
were received by the business agents
and secretaries of the different labor
organizations. Government statistics
show that wages have increased during the past ten years. These statistics also show that where Increases In
wages have been obtained they were
almost entirely the result of the organisation of the workers Into international trade unions.
Reports from every Industrial center
Indicate that by either collective bap
gaining or the use of the strike, remarkable progress has been made ln
shortening hours of labor and Increasing wages. Statistics compiled by
union officials show   that   wage In-
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DISTILLERY COMPANY, LIMITED.
This Distillery has now been established about elgnt years, and Its product Is known all over this province,
also Alberta and Saskatchewan.
The name is a guarantee ot the quail-
ty of the product of this distillery;
nothing but the finest grains used and
the water of the Capallno, for distilling purposes Is undoubtedly the finest
tn the world. This concern has manifested its friendliness towards union
men on many occasions.
WESTMINSTER SHEET METAL
WORKS.
W. J. Oalbralth Ib the manager ot the
above concern. He la an expert mechanic In this line. He makes a speciality
of sky-light, cornice and heating work.
You will get good work and a square
deal by calling at 524 Sixth St., or
phoning 1158.
THE CRYSTAL DAIRY COMPANY,
LIMITED.
The above well-known dairy, located
at 555, Sixth St., has been established
for one year. They employ ten people and treat them right. Mr. J. B,
Hanks, the manager, has had eleven
years experience in' the dairy business
In BasteM Canada and brings with
him the latest Ideas ln this line.
They deal ln ah kinds oi dairy produce and are makers of distilled water
.ce, and pure Ice cream. They operate six wagons, thus ensuring prompt
delivery.
HOTBL  LVTTON
Mr. N. D, Cameron, proprietor of the
Hotel Lytton, Is one of the city's best
known men. He Is a firm believer in
organized labor, and a willing worker
In the movement. The furnishings at
the Hotel Lytton are flrst class. A
good night's rest with a good breakfast assures a successful day to a
business man. You can get lt at the
Lytton.
They conduct a neat dining room
and cafe In connection with the Hotel.
Their rates are reasonable and the
service all that Is to be desired. The
hotel Is located on 317 Front Street,
New Westminster, B. C.
M. MONK & CO.
WHOLESALE! FISH DEALERS AND
SHIPPERS
The above firm have their offices ln
New Westminster, B. ft, P. 0. Box 342.
Phones—Office 212, wharf R416. These
people are wholesalers and shippers
and are one ot the Important firms In
Westminster today. Messrs. Monk &
Co. by honorable business methods, together with their sympathy ln the labor movement and their help ln the
great cause Insures them a staple position in the business field. Their word
Is as good as gold, and what Is better,
they have the goods to prove tt.
J. Dobion, Mgr.       Phone 354
U.   S.   MOTOR   TRUCKS
Autos for Hire, Day and
Night.
Westminster Garage
SIXTH   &   CARNARVON
STS.
New   Westminster,   B.   C.
Central Hotel Cafe
AND WHITE LUNCH
767 Columbia  648 Columbia
OPPOSITE B.O. ELECTRIC
TRAM STATION
New Westminster
A. la  Carte  Meals  at  All
Hours
Business     Men's    Mid-day
Lunch a Specialty
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT
COAL—
—on,
J. W. PIKE
COBTBACTOB
Tng "Annec's'-—Benerel Towing,
"Hie Driving. Dredging, ioowe
for mire, Estimates Given
•Telephone 819 sat front It.
A. 1*. DUB-CAW,
according Secretary stew
 . Ballwsy Bmpioyi
(ogees' Union.
creases ln some cases have been aB
much as two hundred and fifty dollars
a year and reduction in working time
aB much as twelve hours a week.
Viewing the question of trade unton
membership from the standpoint of
Investment In dues and assessments,
the returns for the year show the payment of dividends anywhere from 260
to 2,777 per cent. These splendid results, coming at a time when public
attention has been constantly drawn to
the surprising increase in the cost of
living, have contributed to the widespread Interest ln the -organised labor
movement, while the value of international affiliations has been emphasized
by that solidarity which alone can command the respect of the employing interests.
The organisers of the American Federation of Labor, the international
unions, and the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, have worked harmoniously to build up trades and labor
organizations wherever the workers
could be brought together for that purpose. The consensus of opinion among
-these organizers Is that this year has
been the best In the history of the labor
movement In Canada. On the other
hand, there Is every indication that the
attempts to develop the purely Canadian type of trades unionism Isolated
from the general American movement,
are doomed to failure. In the Province
of Quebec, where the boot and shoe
workers have been organised upon
national - UneB, there has been a sudden breaking away from the Independent United Shoe Workers of America In Montreal, so that only a remnant of that movement exists In the
city of Quebec. This weakening of
the forces of the nationalists'was also
emphasised at the recent convention
ot the "Canadian Federation of labor"
when a mere handful of delegates met
to represent a few scattered local or
ganlzatlon of miners, boot and shoe
workers and miscellaneous trades.
International Boot and Shoe Workers' Union Is now In complete control
ln Montreal, has has established
unions ln Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.
The convention of the redes and Labor Congress of Canada, held at
Ouelph, Ontario, September 9-14, Inclusive, was the most successful ln
the history of the Congress, and revealed remarkable development. Over
240 delegates from Victoria, B. ft, in
the West, to Glace Bay on Cape Breton Island In the East, were'present
to represent between 60,000 and 70,-
000 International trade unionists directly, and over 140,000 indirectly. The
report of the secretary-treasurer showed growth In the numerical strength
and a surplus of about. $5,500 • In the
trade union movement of the Dominion were considered at the convention, Including the preparation of Labor's case to be presented to the special committee on old-age pensions,
appointed by the Canadian Ifederal
government; the report of tbe special
committee on workmen's compensation for the Province of Ontario; the
demand for the repeal of the Lemleux
Industrial Disputes Act; strong opposition to the relaxation of restrictions
on Immigration, and an urgent demand for the appointment of a royal
commission to Investigate labor conditions among the mine and steel
workers of Nova Scotia.
■ Owing to the method of intimidation
used by the Dominion Coal and Steel
Corporation to break up the International trade union movement, it was
urged that a determined effort be
made by the International unions Interested to defeat the purpose of this
powerful corporation. The president
of the Congress and Organizer O'Dell
e-jq* 'SJOgJo* eons puu looq eq) jo
performing their duties as organisers,
stated that In the coal and steel districts tbey were not only shadowed by
the compaany's special police, but
were prevented from holding meetings among the mine and steel workers In some districts. On this question the Congress took very definite
action, and through the Executive
Council will demand a thorough. Investigation by a government commission. One serious phase of the situation in the ova Scotia coal districts
is the Provincial Workmen's Association, an organisation of miners acting as an ally of the coal and steel
corporation and In bitter opposition to
the bona fide International miners' organisation. Te unite the Provincial
Workmen's Association and the United Mine Workera of Amercia is the
task to which the leaders ln the international movement must apply
themselveB to effect a thorough and
speedy organisation of the mine and
steel workers.
Through the Joint action of the Ontario executive of the TradeB and Labor Congress of Canada and the officers of the Toronto Street Railway
Employees Union, the Provincial
Legislature has passed an act guar
anteeing   to   all   employees   of   the
Constructive  Work  The
Need of Organised
Labor Movement
WESTMINSTER TRUST AND 8AFE
DEPOSIT  CO.,  LTD.
NEW WESTMINISTER, B. C.
Authorized Capital  11,000,000.00
Paid-up Capital       863:,172.«5
Reserve       160,000.00
MANAGING DIRECTOR
i. J. Jones
SECRBTAY-TREASURBR
J. A. Rennie        v-.
BANKERS
Bsnk of Monti-eel
AUDITORS
Helllwell,  Moore A  MacLaohlan
Sidney Malcolmson
It Is Indeed worthy of note that the
above concern ln the eighth annual
report ot the Company affairs, together with the financial statement for
the year 1812, show such gratifying
and encouraging results, not only to
the shareholders, but all those inter
estod in the progress of tbe financial
Institution In i.ew Westminster,
Nothing can speak more eloquently
of the success of the company that
the following figures. During the year
their subscribed capital has Increased
(rom 1322,200.00, lo IHS,j!„0.uO, and
their paid-up capital from $287,046.23,
to $363,172.65, showing an Increase for
the year in their paid-up capital of
$76,126.42; also enough shares have
been subscnoed for to bring their
subscribed capital up to the half million mark.
The assets of the company have Increased $64,238,98 over the previous
year, The earnings after providing for
expenditures on their new buildings,
amount to $54,219,66; add to this the
premiums on the shares sold of $16,-
895.00, makes their net gain for the
year $71,114.66, out of which they
have paid a dividend of 10 per cent,
amounting to $33,822.30, and transferred to the Reserve account the premiums on shares $16,895.00, besides
$33,105,00, out of Proflt and Lobs account, making an increase In their
reserve of 60 per cent, which now
amounts to the very creditable sum o.
$150,000.00.
This company Is the only Trust company whose safety deposit vaults are
prdteoted by burglar alarm systems.
They do a strictly Trust Company
business, that Is, no speculation is
allowed with any of the company's
funds ln real estate.
Tho above statement Is worthy ot
note as many so-called Trust Companies being nothing more nor less
than real estate companies.
We heartily Indorse the company
and whenever the question arises as
to whom you shall place your business
with, you can make no mistake by
giving lt to The Westminster Trust
Company.
None of Its directors .iave been
less than. 25 years In town.
It Is the oldest Trust Company in
British Columbia. .    ,
They will give you entire satisfaction.
Honest, constructive divergence of
opinion makes for progress In tbe
councils of labor unions, as in every
constitutional body whose object is
the advancement of any given pro-
gram for the amelioration of conditions that demand adjustment. From
these Interchanges of opinions will
generally emerge a policy that meets
with" the approval of the majority.
And, In almost every case, the policy
so adopted will prove-to be., the best,
or .'at least the nearest solution possible at the time, of any problem that
Is before us.      ... 	
All honor to the man, who, while he
may appear to most of us mistaken ln
his premises or lu his ' deductions,
makes an honest, straightforward
fight for his opinions. Especially If he
advocates some constructive policy In
lieu of the que that Is favored by the
majority present. All honor to him; if
defeated, he accepts the verdict of his
co-workers tor that time while he continues to advocate what he considers
better methods to advance the cause
we are all giving the best there 1b in
us to further. The ultra-radicalism of
today is often the conservative policy
of to-morrow, and the man who fights
with the minority Is generally the real
leader. But, lt he cannot convince
the majority of the advantage of ad-
SILVESTER AND MaoDONALD,
the Misses Silvester and MacDonald
(located at 45 Sixth Street) successors
to Mrs. Moore, ot Columola Street,
have been at the above address for
the past year. Both ladies are expert
milliners, and possess the artistic
touch which Ib so rare in the art of hat
making and trimming,
J. W. ROBSON.
Groceries, fruits, flour, feed and provisions—yes, and the best there Is, at
RobBon's, 444, Sixth St. He caters to
the grocery wants of his customers,
gives prompt delivery and courteous
treatment. His favorable attitude to
organized labor adds to his popularity.
I. HUDSON.
A man who stands high in the es-
teem of organized labor anu Its friends
Is I. Hudson. HlB shop is located at
41 Sixth St. He Is a dealer In Wall
Paper, Room Mouldings, and Burlap,
also contracts for paperhanglng, decorating, house painting, kalsomlning, etc.
Has been a resident of New Westminster for 23 years, the past 2J ot which
have been in the above line. He employs fourteen union men and speaks
very highly of his crew.
He enjoys big patronage, which he
never fa..., to please.
BURNABY HEATING AND PLUMB-
INQ COMPANY.
Messrs. H. A. Molntyre and D. R.
Jones are the proprietors, 'ihe store
and works are located at Edmonds, opposite the B. C. E. Btatlon. Besides
doing a general heating and plumbing
business, they carry a line of stoves
and ranges and do all kinds of sheet
metal work. They have ten employes
and have always been union men. For
prompt work telephone 1064.
MRS. AQRET'S  MILLINERY SHOP.
That Ib where 1 buy all may hats,
for with her twenty years experience
ln the millinery art In Ottawa and Tor
onto, she knows how. Her styles are
the latest and prices moderate. Call
at the shop, 69 Sixth St., and select
one of her latest creations.
MeCALLUM'8, LIMITED,
Are manufacturers ot Sanitary Plastic Flooring, which is the best, fireproof and sanitary floor lor schpois,
hospitals, restaurants and public
buildings.
In the past year they placed their
flooring In many of the best resl-
Rlver Boats. Offices is in the Westminster Trust Block,
WALTBB DODD,
■few Westminster atreet aallway
nloyeos'   Contribution  to   *'
Board of ttw Boys! City
i. W. JAMXBgOB,
gecretery >nr Westminster Bartenders'
league, Local So. 7S4.
rotary 1
let
street and electric railway companies
one day off each week and a working
day not to exceed ten hours. For violation ot the provisions of this act
the penalty Imposed upon the employers Is a fine of $260 for each offence.
Similar legislation will be asked by the
street and electric railway employees
In other provinces of the Dominion.
Obtaining such legislation by organized labor has heen the means of
strengthening the organisations of
street railway employees. The Toronto union alone added over 500 new
members to its roll during the past
year and obtained annual wage increases amounting to $140,000 under
a three years' agreement.
Significant victories for organising
labor were achieved by the Garment
Vvorkers of Montreal; by the Freight
Handlers In the employ of the Canadian Northern Railway Company at Fort
William, Ontarla; and by the construction men on the Grand Trunk Pacific
and Canadian Northern Railway ln
Western Canada. The Royal Commission on Industrial Training and
Technical Education, a member of
which Is ex-Vice-Prestdent Simpson,
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, Is now completing Its report'.
The result of the work of this Commission will be presented to the Minister of Ubor ln the early part of December so that the Parliament of Canada may deal with It In the approaching session.   The Commissioners not
opting his policy,.why then the time
Is not ripe for Its adoption. He must
be patient while he continues his work
of education.
In contradistinction to this class of
honest, constructive, healthy kickers,
we have to. deal with another set,
often consisting of men who only Joined the union when they found It necessary In order to hold a Job. These
are the fellows who never advanced
a constructive Idea in their lives, but
no matter what policy may be adopt*
ed, you may flnd them on the street
corners swinging their little hammer.
If a fighting policy is adopted you
will find them lending comfort to the
enemy by whining about "how easily
trouble might have been averted." If
a policy of conciliation is adopted you
will flnd the same gentry crying about
"what they have lost by the weakness
of their leaders.'' And If you pin them
down by. asking "what Is it that we
have lost?" lt will generally resolve
Itself Into something we never had.
If you will listen to these "union
wreckers"—and that Is what they are,
Intentionally so, or through Ignorance
you will learn of the awful grattB
perpetrated by their leaders, when the
fact Is we have lost some of our. most
able men simply because the other
fellow is alwaya ready to pay tor'
brains, while the best you can expect
in the labor movement Is a chance to
work twenty-four hours a day for a
bare living and a relegaton to the
scrap heap as soon as age overtakes
you, If not far sooner; for, no matter
what service you may have rendered,
It among the many positions you have
to take In your official capacity you
make one mistake, your past years ot
service count for nothing. The de-
structive knocker at once realises
his opportunity and you are reviled
and discredited by the people you have
given your beat tuoughts to serve.
If ever this great organisation
comes to grief lt will not be caused
by the employers alone. The great disintegrating force will be within the
organisation, In the work of these destructive, character assailing, personally Incompetent knockers.—San Francisco Labor Clarion.
only made a thorough survey of Canada with a view of ascertaining what
the country had In equipment, what
was needed and how these needs were
to be met, but also visited the best
Industrial and technical schools of the
United States and several countries ln
Europe, Investigating the system of
Industrial and technical eduoation In
operation. The findings of the Commission will be a valuable contribution to Industrial and technical education.
The Quebec executive committee of
the Trades and Labor Congress ot
Canada bas been successful in obtaining legislation abolishing property
qualification for those running ss candidates for municipal honors In the
province. This legislation will remove
one of the most serious obstacles to
working class representation In municipal councils. Several accounts of this
splendid progress In Canada, furnished
by Mr. James Simpson, have been published ln the American Federatlonist,
and have enabled the trade unionists
in the Dominion to follow this significant development in the labor movement.
The trade unionists of Canada witnessed a wonderful development ln
the labor press during me past year,
supplementing and aiding the development In organization. There Is today
a chain of well, edited labor papers
from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
With the widening of commercial or-
ganlzatlon and the development of
world-wide markets, has come the
Identification of the alms and purposes
of the workingmen ot the countries on
this continent and the breaking down
of artificial boundaries,
THE UP-TO-DATE SHOE REPAIRER.
This outfit, located at 657 Columbia
Street or 668 Clarkson dtreet, have
machines which perform the work that
would be Impossible without their use.
You may have had old shoes re
paired before, hut If you have never
had them repaired on the Goodyear
Wilt Rapid Locksmith Stitching
Machine, the economy and comfort of
doing so will surprise you. Olve them
a trial, and yu will be satisfied.
DAVIES PHARMACY.
Prominent among the reliable druggists of tn.s city Is Mr. C. S. Davles;
he has been located at 32 Sixth Street
for two years. He makes a speciality
Of prescriptions, compounded with the
greatest care trom only first class
drugs. You get Just what you ask
for, at reasonable prices. Mr. Davles
Is a friend of organized labor, and
solicits its patronage.
BRITISH   NORTH   AMERICAN   SECURITIES CORPORATION, LTD.
The British North American Securities Corporation, Ltd., deserve honorable mention among tbe many commendable, corporations ln Westminster, which, ln the aggregate, are directly responsible for the enviable
standing the city enjoys as a commercial centre.
Incorporated In December, 1911,
with a capital of $1,000,000.00, the executive and constructive beads of tbe
concern have made remarkable achlev-
ment In building up the development
of their city since their Inception. Tbe
West Manitoba Development So, Lt.,
The Moresby Island Co., Ltd., and the
Edmonds Development Co., are a few
of the Important concerns they have
Incorporated. The company also operates the Ellis block, wherein the Dominion Bank and other Institutions of
a like character have their offices.
Knowing the past attitude of the
company towards the cause of labor
we have no hesitancy ln commending
it to our readers.
The offices of tbls company are located In the Westminster Trust Block,
suite 7-8-9, fifth floor; Telephone 760.
Cable address "Britishers," codes A. B.
C. 6th edition; Western Union.
THE A, L. CLARK INVESTMENT
CO, LTD,
HOME BUILDERS
The A, L. Clark Investment Co.,
Ltd., are widely and favorably known
among their clients as being absolutely reliable. The Arm often opportunities to the wage earner to Invest
small amounts In business properties
on equal terms with those of larger
financial institutions. They have always shown themselves to be friendly
towards labor and as they give flrst
class value In the way of Investments
we commend them to our organization.
Mr, A. L. Clark, president and manager,, le one of tbe most popular men
in the City, The head office Is located
at 19-20 Dominion Trust Blk., New
Westminster, B, C.
Phone 455
"Oil the Bant"
THE FAIR
646   COLUMBIA   STREET
New Westminster
C. J. LOAT     -     -     -     Fropr.
Sole Agents for
Columbia bbapkopbobsi
amd bb0obdi
China, Crockery, Olesswsre,
Lamps, Stationery, Office InppUee,
Brenlteware, Bttohonwaro, Cutlery, actions, Toys ana Dolls,
Fancy floods, Toilet Articles, Sundries.
Kellington & Hendry
Business Properties
Waterfrontage
Farm Lands, Etc.
Loans.
INSURANCE—
Accident   Fire   Life
Northern Crown Bank Blook
New Wortmlniter, B. 0.
Phone tee 70S Columbia at
CURTIS & DORGAN      .
Fraser VaUey Farm Lande, City
Investments
New Westminster,  B. C.
ANDREW CLAUSEN
BXPEBT   WATCBMAZEB   AMD
541  FBOITT  ST.
Xfew Westminster, a.
WHITESIDE & EDMONDS
babbistbm Asm iolioitobs
Westminster Tract Blook -
Columbia atreet
New Westminster, B. c.
H. B. WEBB J. S. OlFTOnn
WEBB & OIFFORD
BBBISBSBS AMD MACBIBTSTa
Phone lose SS4 Bolorook St.
0. B. Banter, Manager
THE WHITE GROCERY
STORE
tblbfbobb noo
780 SBCOBD  ITBBIT
WESTMINSTER TRADING
OO,
BOTAL ATEBUB BBOCBBT
Only Choice Provisions Carried
845 BOTAL  ATBBUB
J. P. BOWELL, Manager.
ROYAL CITY REALTY CO.
BDAL   ESTATE   ft   XBIUBABCE
750 COLUMBIA ST.
New Westminster,  B. C.
THE GEO, H, LEAF GENERAL SUPPLY STORE
oaooaaiaf, pbovmiobb,
paao or all a—ma
Telephone am
bubb.
'ABT, B. C.
■ot Ud Cold weter-iteam Seated
HOTEL DUNSMUIR
EioHTit a-rsaaT
New Westminster, B. C.
Moderate Rates.
SPROULE BROS.. Props.
P. O. Box 983  ' M. D. White, Mgr.
WESTMINSTER  REALTY
OO.
BBAL  BITATB  ft  XBBUBABOS
Boom 5, Menhante Barm Building
COLUMBIA   STREET
BURNABY LUMBER 00.
A.  Icott
WB   CABBT   STOCKS   OF  ALL
auiLDBBi'una
sdmobdb, a, c.
JONES & RANT, LTD.
cosmuoToaa
Wholesale and Betall Dealers In
All Xlads of Wtri, Fencing and
Bates, Contracts taken for Clearing, Fencing, ate.     i   i   i   i   t
GEO. R. SPECK
OUST ABD LOCBgMXTB
Dealer In alcvclee anl Iportlng
Ooods
P. O. Box 574
New Westminster. B. C.
WESTMINSTER    CHEMICAL CLEANERS AND
DYERS
CLEtHIKO. PBBilltTG) ABD
BBPAiaura
61S OABBABTOB ST.
J. H. TODD'S MUSIC
HOUSE
_ linger lowing- xfaollnes
Bernard Bslntsman Pianos
Dominion and Dohertv Planoe and
Bdison aad Victor Pfeonograpiis
41S COLUMBIA »T*
Hot und Cold Water In Every
Room Steum Hent,
THE FRASER HOTEL
Thomas Wlthyman, Prop,
Reasonable Rates
45 Booms
Corner Front aad Bertie Streets
Phone 18S
NEW WESTMINSTER".. B. C.
FREEMAN8 WHOLESALE
LIQUOR STORE
Thos. Freeman, Prop.
Importer of
WIJJES, LIQDOBS ABD CIBABS
Family Trade a Specialty
SIS  FBOBT ITBBBT
"Union floods" at the Union Store
PHILLIPS & WRIGHT
MSB'*   WaAB   ABD   BUBBBB
OOODS
Boots and Oiled Olothing a
Specialty
633 FBOBT BT.
B. 0. MILK CONDENSING
CO. LTD.
Manufacturers of
B, O. BTAPOBATSD MILK
Hoail Office:
new Westminster, h. c.
Factory: Chllliwaok, a. O.
The Modern Plumbing
& Heating Company
Ratzman Bros.
Specialties:—Roofing,    Skylights, Plumbing
General   Tinsmithing   and
Ventilating—Jobbing Work
607 SEVENTH AVE.
Phone R 841 FRIDAY DECEMBER 27, 1912
THE BBITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE RLgygN
''  MISS DAVEY
First Class Practical
sot Agnes attest
KING'S HOTEL
European Plan. Bates gl.oo and Up
W.  Orma,  Proprietor.
BOMB  OP  TBB  OOMMBSCIAL
MAB
AU Can Pass the Door
CONNOR A MoQUARRIE
MILLXWEBI
Boome 1, gmith Blook
KLAIBER A SON
BBTAIL OBOOBBI
033 llzth at, ud geventh Ave.
New Westminster, B. C.
W. H. KEARY
Beal    Bstate,    Insurance    and
Flnanolal Broker
TSOMIOB BLK.. MO COLUMBIA
B, B. Davie B. Lonalale
WEST END HARDWARE
tc PLUMBING 00.
Successors to A, Bardman
513 BIBBTK STBBBT
W. LARSON
OBgllBAL IBOB BBPAXaUBfl
Ladles'    and    Bents'    Clothing
Cleaned and Pressed
38 SIBBTB BTB1IT
MADAM BEAUOHAMP
XODIgTB—9BBMMAKBB
5 COLLISTBB BLDO.
New Westminster.
DAVID ADAMS
CBBTBAL  BBOCBBT
730 PIFTB ATB. ft IIBBTB BT.
PHONE f,83
New Westminster, B. C.
THE FRASER CAFE
Bolberg Brothers, proprietors
11 BBSBIE BTBBET
New Westminster.
STAR SHIP YARD 00.
BAULIBO  OUT ABD  B1FAIB-
iito of all cxaaaas of
BOATS
■hip   Tarda   Bltqated   oa   Loin
•   Island, Below tha Bridge.''
THE SETTLERS' ASSOCIATION OF B. 0.
;    P,.B,. Brown, Manager.
BBSL BITITB ABB FIBABOIAL
Mtrchanta Bank'Bldg., Begble at.
COMMERCIAL TRANSFER
00.
DBALBBB IB COAL ABD WOOD
flenorei Teaming and Bipresslng
pbobb set
New Westminster.
WHITE BAKERY
sea loth at.
BOMB OF BOMB MASS BBBAB
OSCAR SWANSON
DBALB*   IB   ALL   ETBDI   OF
iPOS-RBO OOODS
First Class flnn and Locksmith
.   is aaa-aia btbbbi
JNO. STEWART
Old Country Boot Btore
Agent for
Thi "Dick" Waterproof Boots, the
"Olencalrn" Boots, ate.
A. BARRAN
BIBB CLAIg BBOOBBIBg
Comer aUath and BamUton gta.
Telephone nt.
a, B.O.
R, J. LANE
FBXIB  ABD  BALTBD  KBITS,
BAMS, BAOOB ABD LABD
031 Blith St, cor, 7th Ave.
New Westminster, B. C.
T, A. MILLS
Fancy and Staple Orooerles, Praits
ud Tegetahles tn lesion
The Best the Market Affords
847 COLUMBIA BT.
EDMONDS  GENERAL
STORES, Ltd.
Edmonds, B. 0.
RYALL'S
DBUO ITOBB
MABOBIO  COBBBB
Bew Westminster, S. O.
SOANDIA TRADING CO.,
Ltd.
N. J. I.ursen, Manager
BBOOBBISa ABD BBBBBAL
MBBOBABDIga
Phone tst. Cor. Befhle ft Front «ts.
W. S. OOLLISTER A 00
DBT OOODS. MILLIBBBT ABD
-    MABTLBg
Agents for Butterick Pattens
GRAY   AND   GILCHRIST.
REAL ESTATE-INSURANCE.
The above firm are ln the real estate
husinesB, operating ln the Trapp Blook
675 Columbia Street, New Westminster. By their ability and honest
doalings with their clients they are
considered one of the most progressive firms ln their line.
Mr. Gilchrist Ib an old and honored
resident, Is exceedingly popular, and
always right with the organization.
Mr. Gray is a native son, born and
raised ln the city, educated In the
local school, and for several years was
city salesman for the Columbia Milling Co. Three years ago he formed the
co-partnership of Gray and Gilchrist.
Mr. Gray is an alderman, and has been
instrumental ln passing the 8-hour law,
and alwayB Insists on the observance
of this clause ln all contracts on city
work. He will be a candidate for
mayor at the coming elections
January.
PolU&al Action ike Most
Effective Weapon of ihe
WorkingClass
REID. AND MoDONALD,
CLOTHIERS AND FURNISHERS,
Among the representative business
r.ien of New Westminster who are
working for the best Interests of the
city and are deserving of the success
thev have attained may be mentioned
the above firm.
Mr, Reld, the founder, has for many
years been Identified with public enterprises, and has done his utmost
at all times to help conditions for the
betterment of his native province.
Mr. McDonald, the Junior member ot
the firm, has made it his aim to assist
the management in bringing the concern to the highest state of efficiency,
With the working classes especially
the company are exceedingly popular,
owing to the treatment always accorded those who form the rank and file
of labor,
It is the policy of the Srm to encourage trade in Canadian made and
lelel goeds.
Their line of fine clothing, hats, and
onps Ib complete and equal to any ln
the city. Their tactics of fair dealing
and money's worth goods will do much
tcwards building up their business to
coIIobsI proportion.
Many of our members are numbered
amonj those who are customers of
this well known arm. Their store Is
located at 601 Columbia Street New
West.
THE T. H. SMITH CO., LTD.
In reviewing the business houses
whloh, by reason of their magnitude
and the vclume of their operations,
are helping to place Westminster in
the list of the most progressive and
up-to-tate clt'es of the west, we take
pleasure in directing attention to the
T. H. Smith Co., Ltd., 623 Columbia
Street, New Westminster,
This well known house carries ah
average stock ot one hundred thousand dollars worth of general merchandise and a ready-to-wear stock of
nearly half this amount, dress goods,
hosiery, ribbons and trimmings. Their
various departments are ss complete
as any In the province. Their motto
"a satisfied customer" Is the policy on
which the splendid success of this
house Is built,
Mr. R. W. Smith and Mr. S. J.
Currle, who have, succeeded the T, H,
Smith Co., have been long identified
with the firm, and are ably carrying
out the plan that bas made the T. H,
Smith Co. the leading house In their
line ln New Westminster. Their P.O.
Box number Is 604, and their Phone
number 240.
The firm Is deserving of our support
and encouragement, and we take
pleasure In wishing It an even greater
success In the future than it has enjoyed ln the past.
THOS. D. SHERRIPF,
REAL BSTATE.
We desire to call particular attention to the above named gentleman,
who has always shown proper Interest
toward all projects promoted for the
welfare cf the city and Its,working
people. It Is our object to keep the
name of this .citlsen In mind, and
patronise htm at all times. Offices
aro In the Westminster Building,
wheie real estate In aH Its branches
Is handled.
He Is a warm friend of organised
labor, nnd we heartily recommend him
to our thousands of readers and their
friends.
The above gentleman Is one of the
'eiding real estate men ot this city,
When dealing with him you are sure
ot square treatment.
WOODWORKERS.
Co-operation means success, and Is
the motto of organised labor; there Is
no firm In this section of the country
more entitled to Ihe support of organized labor than the above enterprise. This concern ere manufacturers of all kinds of house and store fixtures. We heartily endorse this enter-
prise, and urge every member to
foster their business at all times.
Located at 610 Columbia Street. All
wrrk guaranteed by Mr. W. W. Ramey,
proprietor.
VULCAN IRON WORKS.
New Westminster Is fortunate In
possessing a large number of meritorious industries. Such a concern is the
Vulcan Iron Works. From Inclplency
this has been one of the wide-awake
Industrial Institutions ot this section,
and its career is marked with rapid
strides along the roadway of success
and industrial expansion. Their
manufactured products are recognised
In building circles equal to any on tbe
market, while the prices quoted In this
section are much more reasonable.
This Is made possible owing to the
firm being a home Institution, a fact
which should attract your attention
when desiring anything ln their line,
as lt Is one of the principles of organ-
Ized labor to patronize home industry.
By James Roberts, Moyle, B. C.   i
Yea, and not only the moat effective
weapon of the working class, but ot
the parasite class also. The powers
that he have realised Its effectiveness
long ago, whereas the working class
have only recently began to make ah
intelligent use of the ballot, and to
realise that It means much, In the
present order of things.
It Is about the only thing that the
master class come and beg trom us.
It surely must be worth something
to them when they are so anxious to
secure It. And we poor Innocents
have felt nattered when the old party's candidate came along and addressed us ln the old familiar way of
"Hello, BUI," or "Dan," as the case
might be, and extended to ua the ever-
ready glad hand, and anxiously inquired as to our welfare, not forgetting to tell us of the "wave of prog,
parity" that will sweep the country If
the grand old party la returned to
power. Never mind the grants that
will he made to assist immigration,
and the Boy Scouts, etc.
We have In the past fallen for all
this, and cheerfully handed over the
goods, and the candidate, If returned
to the house, as he usually Is, quietly
proceeds io forget you, and devotes
bis energies in the interests of big
business, who are endeavoring to get
a strangle-hold on the natural resources of the country. But It will take
more than a elay pipe and tobacco to
do tbe trick this time.   Nut sed.
Now, what are we going to do
about it?
What did the British trade union-
lets do, after the Taff Vale decision
was rendered against them?
They had to do something, mighty
quick, or go out of business, so they
adopted the only logical course, viz.,
political action.
They found that the laws, as they
stood, were written In the interests
of the propertied class, therefore they
at the first opportunity elected representatives ot their own class, to write
the laws ln their Interests, and, by the
way they got results.
1 here is no doubt in my mind as to
Its effectiveness.
The Old Age Pensions Act, the Amended Compensation Act, and the Insurance Act all apeak for themselves,
and many others. <
What's that I hear you say? Only
pallatlves.
Yes, my friend, "palliatives," If you
will, but they all spell progress,
Rome was not built In a day; neither
will the emancipation of Ihe working
class be accomplished in a day.
You toll the old age pensioner that
tt la only a palliative, and he will- no
doubt answer you that the five shillings per week lookB good to htm.
'mere may.be a good time coming,
but we have to live In the meantime.
We may have diverse opinions as to
whether direct action or political action is the proper course to pursue,
but when the question Is carefully analyzed in all Its different phases, the
only logical conclusion I can come to
Is that the ballot Is the most effective
weapon of them all.
The men of the past believed this,
and that Is why they fought and suffered, that they might exercise the
franchise; but little did they dream
that the working class of the future,
would make so little real use of lt.
We have sold our heritage for a
mess ot pottage. It Is time to call a
halt, and acquit ourselves like men.
We have a duty to perform, not only
to ourselves, but to our class.
Let us select men of our class to
represent us—men who know something of our struggle for existence;
men who know our alms and aspirations; men who have graduated from
the mine, the mill, and factory. Then
will we get Justice, and no sooner.
The master clasB have, tn the past,
treated us with impunity. They have
sneered at us and called us the illiterate mob. They have met our puny
efforts to redress our wrongs with
bullets and clubs. All tbe powers ot
government have been used against
us, and when we appealed to the law
they coolly told ub that they were the
law; that they were the constitution;
in fact, that they were our masters.
Let us take a look back along the
corridor of years, and bring to mind
the struggles of the past: Homestead,
the Molly Magulres, Cripple Creek,
MoKee's Rocks, the Irwin District ot
Pennsylvania, and many others, not
forgetting the bull pens and the other
forms of torture used to make us submit to the mandate of organised greed.
Where were our parliamentary representatives In these strenuous
times? Did they, either by word or
action, come to our assistance? Very
rarely, Indeed. And yet, and yet—
what irony!—we still flnd the working class returning these men to power, to perpetuate a system that has
taken little children from the school
and placed them ln the factory and
mill, to wring out more profits tor the
parasites; a system thst has robbed
man of his Individuality, and made
him a part of a vast social machine;
a system that respects neither nag nor
boundary lines, whose ramifications
extend to the uttermost parts of the
earth, sparing neither man nor beast
Behold him, King Capital!
But there is an awakening taking
place. The tollers of every land are
shaking off the stupor of Ignorance
and superstition, and straining at the
bonds ot their captivity.
The dawn of a new era is at hand,
when they will arise in their might,
and banish forever a system that has,
kept them In bondage for a thousand
years.
Then Labor, by birth, will be King,
of the Earth.
Speed the day—by an Intelligent use
of the ballot.
M.J.PHILLIPS,
CLOTHIER AND HABERDASHER.
Established 30 years ln the City of
New Westminster, Mr M. J. Phillips is
well known to all union men, and for
that matter tbe public In general. Ho
Is sole agent for the 20th Century
Brand Clothing, Peabody's overalls,
and Standflelds and Penman's under-
wear, all the laest shapes In hats by
the best makers, such aa Hawes, Von
Gal,. "Christy's" and Stetson,
With the passing of years and
growth of New Westminster, Mr.
Phillips' business has developed Into
one of the most substantial concerns
In the city, and one which compares
favorably with any similar Institution
ln the provlnco. He treats those wno
are his customers with overy con'
slderatlon and endeavors In many
ways to express appreciation of tho
| patronage he receives,   Homembei' If
you want anything In his line, his
'number Is 671 Columbia Street, New
' Westminster,
LEARN    ABOUT    ORGANIZATION.
By Samuel Gompers.
The Individual workman today li
helpless. He' can "not Increase his
wages or shorten bis hours of labor by
his own efforts.' But'wages can be Increased and hours ot labor shortened
If the individual workman wtll combine with hla fellow-workmen ln a labor organization.
The labor organizations admit to
membership all workmen without reference to color, creed or nationality,
whether they be tbe highest skilled or
common laborers. The labor organisations seek and do get for the men
who Join them better conditions of labor, shorter hours, and better wages.
But the men who labor can not get
any benefits for themselves unless
they make common cause with their
fellow-workmen, Individual efforts
are weak at best, but "In union there
Is strength."
There are 2,000,000 members In the
American Federation of Labor. The
workmen retain their membership in
the American Federation of Labor because they have all received Increases
ln wages, shorter hours and better conditions under which to labor. Employers of labor pay the lowest possible
wages to men who are not organised,
because men are dealt with as Individ.
usls, and the bargaining power of individuals Is extremely weak, and un-
B. A. SBBB,
Beoretary    Bew    Weetmlneter    Local
Brotherhood ef Carpenters.
The Individual Member
and His Local.
KENNEDY BROS.,
The name of Kennedy Bros. Is well
known to the citizens of Westminster
and Vancouver. They are specialists
tn close-in suburbau acreage Iff large
or small blocks and city property.
They also handle deep water frontage
on Fraser and Pitt Rivera.
The members of the firm are progressive and capable business men,
ever alert .0 promote the welfare of
New Westminster.
JOS. H. FITZGERALD.
Mr, Fitzgerald has faith In New
Westminster and Is backing,his opinion with Ub capital and business
energy. He carries a full line ot up-
to-date clothing, hats, capa and gents'
furnishings, at popular prices. We
heartily commend Mr. Fltsgerald to
our readers and In compliance with
the principal of reciprocity as set
forth-ln--our -organisations we suggest you call upon him. Don't forget
the number, 648 Columbia Street.
organized workmen are compelled to
accept what the employer offers. The
employer takea advantage ot this and
forces workmen to work tor low wagea
—in other words, the employer sets
the price for the labor which the
workman has to sell.
Workmen who organize themselves
into a labor union have sufficient
stiength to have a part In determining
what wages they shall receive for
their labor. Labor unions have a
voice ln setting the price upon the
labor of their members, thus preventing the employer from establishing n
wage that Ib below what the organised
workmen believe to-be -Just.
Let us make a comparison between
the organized and the unorganised
workmen, and find out the differences
In wages and hours. This will prove
that It pays workmen to organise.
In the unorganized Iron and Steel
Mills of the United States and Canada, workmen laboring from ten to
twelve hours a day, get about the following wages: Laborers, from $1.60
to $1.85 per day, and the mechanical
tradesmen get from $2.26 to $3.00 per
day, with no extra pay for overtime
on week-days or Sundays, no matter
how long they work.
Now see what the organised men
get, and determine for yourself what
Immense benefits are gained solely
through labor organisations. Organized laborers and tradea, working only
eight hours per day, get: Laborers in
the mines, average $2.62 per day.
Building laborers, working at unskilled labor around construction ot buildings, average $3.00 per day.
If these organized men had remained unorganized they would have still
been working for about tbe wages
paid by the Iron and Steel Companies
to their workmen. You can verify
these figures given ln practically every
industrial center of the country.
The men working for the Steel Company can get an Increase in wages If
they want It. But you will have to
organise to get It. The Steel Company
will not pay you any more wages than
you are now getting, neither will lt
shorten your hours of labor until you
form labor organizations for the protection of your fellow-workmen and
yourself.
You may be told of other schemes,
but lr you will Investigate you will be
convinced that the American Federation ot Labor, with Its large and Increasing membership, has the only
plan whereby substantial benefits are
conferred upon Its members,
If you want more money for your
lsbor—Organize I
THE   QUEENSBOROUGH   REALTY
COMPANY,
This firm has three thousand acres
of land located on Westminster water
front, which they are placing on the
market. It is most desirable for factory sites cf all kinds, the only large
tract where It Is possible to secure
Bites in the city limits, having gstreet
car lines in development between
New   Westminster   and   Vancouver.
Realty companies of this kind are
deserving of success, and we take
great pleasure in wishing the Queens-
borough Realty Co. a prosperous and
busy year.
Until comparatively recent times
compulsory labor seems to have been
the lot of the majority of mankind in
every age.
History tells ns that the greet works
of the world, auch as the tilling of the
soil, the digging of the mines, the
building of castles and the masonry
walls which surround them had been
performed for the most part by the
slave who had been captured In war
or procured hy purchase, with the assistance of the man who had voluntarily given himself Into the hand! of
another ln settlement of a debt or to
avoid starvation.
These conditions would probably
exist today If it were not for the par
tially successful efforts of numerous
Individuals whose endeavors (extending over a period of hundreds of
years) to enact laws the object of
which was to make ail labor the labor
of free men; that ia to say, labor by
persons having the tight to choose
whether they labor or not, and to
choose the terms on which tbey will
consent to labor.
Thla principle not meeting with
favor by a majority of tbe employing
class, who preferred to regard laboi
as a commodity bought and sold in the
open market, to be secured at the least
possible price, it became absolutely
necessary for the worker to look
around for some means hy which he
could at least retain what little he
had gained, and also combat the
poverty-breeding object of the employ-
era.
He naturally turned to organisation
as the only effectual protection, and
the labor union Is the result ot this organization; formed primarily for the
mutual advancement and protection ot
the workera, It Is also dependent entirely on the united effort or all Us
numbers, both for its maintenance
financially and lta ultimate success in
any undertaking for the betterment of
existing conditions.
To obtain the best results It Is unquestionably essential that every member take an Active Interest In the detail work of his local and keep himself
acquainted with the affairs of labdr
ln general.
Tbere Is no greater or more dangerous weapon In the hands of an antagonistic employer than the lukewarm
union man, and the employers can tell
onri when thoy see him, and Inwardly
consider him a Valuable asset In case
ot trouble, knowing that the disinterest he shows Is positive proof that
his Integrity and hla allegiance to hli'
organization can be broken down simultaneously so soon as the flrat trouble
begins.
It seems certain that if a member
does not attend the meetlnga of his
local regularly he Is bound to lose Interest, and thereby run the risk of
eventually falling Into the above mentioned class.
Acquaintance with the lawa and the
detail work of your local, sincerity of
purpose and enthusiasm are the
things most necessary to all union
men, and there la no quicker or better
way to possess these than by shouldering some of the work and not leave It
all to the members who are frequently
compelled to remain over ln office, or
accept a renomlnatlon after a short
respite.
Competition for office is the same as
competition ln anything else; It gives
a stimulus that la a tonic to the life
of the local.
In drawing thla article to a close,
Just a word regarding the man who Is
not organised.
In the face of the general objects ot
organized labor lt would seem to be
bad policy for any union man to use
any means other than those of peaceful, argumentative persuasion, and a
proof of his better condition as an employee, to Induce his fellow worker to
Join the ranks, snd If he be a sensible
man, alive to his own Interests and
those of his posterity, he will readily
see the advantage to be gained and
will be more likely to respond to this
method of enlisting his sympathies
than by nagging.
There Is nothing to be gained by
abusing a man.
LOCAL BUILDERS REVIEW
SEASON'S WORK.
E. N. Jewhurst, of the Miller & Jew-
hurst Builders Company, in speaking of the building conditions tor the
past year, expressed himself as of
the opinion that the total building
done was far In excess of last year's.
This wellknown Builders' Company
has handled many of the largest building contracts, and Indications point
to a busy year for 1813.
Miller ft Jewhurst assist the Union
boys In every way possible.
THE PROVINCIAL REALTY CO.
Messrs. T. P. Morrison, I. H. Taylor,
John A. McGuffln are the proprietors
of the Provincial Realty Co. Their
offices are In the Dupont Block, 660
Columbia Street, New Westminster,
B. C. They handle real estate, Insurance loans, etc.
For business opportunities of all
kinds, farm lands, city property, etc.
go to them, and they will show you
how to practice economy, save rent,
and put the money saved Into your
own homes.
Their salesmen are courteous and
will be pleased to show you their large
listings of special properties. Remember their phone number, 624. Call
them up, and let them show you.
NORTH WEST TRU8T COMPANY,
LIMITED,
One of the commendable features of
the Norto West Trust Company Is the
special attention they give to the Investment of funds for clients. The
directors and officers are all well-
known In the Province and have a
thorough knowledge of Western conditions, gained by long and successful
experience in matters ot finance. This
knowledge will ensure to clients the
best possible results from investments
consistent with absolute safety.
The Company handles the manage
ment of estates, collections, rentals,
etc., all lines ot fire, plate glass, fidelity Indemnity, and automobile Insurance.  ■.,,■... 1.1. -;«
The character, ability and integrity
of this Company is unquestionable.
MERCHANTS'HOTEL.
Labor Is not slow In recognising Its
friends, and we are pleased that the
above Hotel baa been placed In a prominent position among the friends of
labor. In this Issue It has been stated
that every possible encouragement
should be given to the reliable and
conscientious business men, who treat
labor In a considerate and fair manner, and no mistake will be made ln
giving every, possible encouragement
to a deserving institution, such as Is
the Merchant's Hotel. Everything Is
new snd nicely furnished.   -
The traveller only has to call at thla
hclel to flnd tbat from the genial proprietors, P. Root and J. A. Malm, they
receive a hearty welcome, and are at
once made to feel perfectly at home.
Thli popular hotel le located on Columbia Street near the B. C. Electric
Depot.
WESTMINSTER GLASS CO.
This company are manufacturers of
and dealers In leaded art glass and all
kinds of plain plate, ornamental and
window glass for building purposes.
The proprietor, John. Jones, who was
for three years with the Vancouver
Plate Glass Company, Is thoroughly
experienced ln all the details of the
business, and bss always been ln sympathy with the organizations of labor.
He employs only union men.
This enterprise Is located at Sixth
and Victoria Streets, and bids (air to
become one of the city's most thriving
institutions.
MOTHERWELL AND DARLING,
REAL BSTATE.
There Is no concern In the city that
Is better known, perhaps, to a larger
number of our readers than that of
the above named concern. They have
always aept closely ln touch with the
public, and have taken the public into
their confidence. An enterprise of
this character la worthy of our sup-,
port and endorsement, and we take
pleasure In calling attention to their
business and their friendliness to our
organisations. Located at 401 24
Westminster Trust Bldg.
GILLEY BROS, LTD.
A firm which Is well snd favorably
known to all union men and the citizens in general Is that of Gllley Bros.,
Ltd., located at 902 Columbia Street.
This Is a business firm whose career
extenda over a period of twenty-five
years, having been established In 1887.
With the passing of years and the
growth of New Westminster, lt has developed Into one of the largest and
most substantial concerns In tbe city,
and one which compares favorably
Kith any similar institution In the province. In transacting their large
volume of business, Mr. W. R. Gllley,
manager of the company, advises ub
that It requires over one hundred employees and nine delivery wagons.
The pay-roll aggregates over $10,000
per month. In addition to being large
dealers ln coal and operating a atone
quairy, this concern Is identlflel with
the building activity of new Westminster, as they deal extensively In
building supplies,
COOPERATIVE INVESTMENT CO.,
LTD.
This company was incorporated
early In the present year. Aa the
name suggests, It Is formed to do a
general real estate business upon a
co-operative basis, and to acquire real
and personal property of all kinds, and
generally to operate the usual business
carried on by financial companies,
thereby furnishing an opportunity for
the person ot small means looking for
a safe investment. Mr. Dodds, the
managing director, la an enthusiastic
booster for a greater New Westminster and' British Columbia, and prophesies a great future for this city.
Send for a booklet and for literature
of their plan. Address 714 Columbia
Street, New Westminster, British
Columbia.
RUTLEDQE-SAUNDERS
BROKERAGE CO.
Prominent among the progressive
citizens of this city are Mr. Thomas
Rutledge and Mr C. F. Saunders, who
have alwayB been manifestly fair to
organized labor. Their specialities In
real estate consist of Inside city property, acreage, and a subdivision at
Burnaby.
Their "Evergreen" subdivision at
Burnaby Lake was formerly the fruit
ranch of Mr. Isaiah Mawhlnney, and
was known as the finest fruit ranch In
the district. The property lies on a
gentle alope towards the lake, within
a few minutes' walk of the interurban
car line. The location Is an Ideal one
for the workingman's home, and the
lots are being sold on easy terms at
prices within the reach of all.
They are also handling choice building lota at Royal Oak, midway between Westminster and Vancouver,
within one block of car line. 1'hese
lots are all cleared and ready for
building,- with city water, electric
lights, telephone and sidewalk.
Have for sale also cleared lots at
Port Mann, adjoining to registered
town site.
This Arm, who have never failed to
support the cause of labor, have their
office at 418-419 Westminster Trust
Block.
WESTMINSTER BREWERY.
Eeer le an aid to health. It is said
that the races that suffer lesat from
nervousness and dyspepsia are those
in countries where the use of beer is
most general—where It la used by
everybody from childhood to old age.
That is why doctors prescribe It. Oold
Medal Premier, an all malt beer, is
brewed right and aged right, Thla
brewery also manufactures the celebrated Wlnewelser (a rice beer), and
Non Tox, a strictly temperance drink.
The above concern ia heartily In sympathy with the labor movement when
properly conducted, and has never opposed the broad underlying principles
of organized labor, but hu shown Itself to be manifestly fair-minded snd
public-spirited, and deserves proper
recognition In this review of the
honorably conducted enterprises In
our midst worthy of our support. This
enterprise Is located In Sapperton.
THE PEOPLE'S TRUST CO., LTD.
It Ib the purpose of this review to
make our reodors acquainted with the
business houses thst have shown
themselves friends of labor. Of the
many business Arms In New Westminster which have shown the proper Interest In the welfare of our
working people and who are entitled
to our full patronage and co-operation
we know of none deserving.of more
prominent mention In this review than
The People's Trust Co., Ltd.
This company was incorporated In
1010 at a capital of $600,000.00 In
shares of $100.00. The paid up capital
to date Is $183,000.00, and the com-
pany's stock carries a premium value
today of $126.00.
The directorate comprises business
men of large experience In financial
matters ln Britain and Canada, and
whose Integrity and sound Judgment
Ib Indisputable. They have directed
the affaire of the company since Its
Incorporation with unqualified success, and today The People's Trust
Company, Limited, Is In the forefront
of Trust Companies In the Province
of British Columbia,
The managing directors, Mr. E. H.
Mansfield and R. D. Edwards, are well
known In financial circles. The
former was for fourteen years connected with the Financial Department
of British India, and his experience
there Is of Invaluable benefit to the
company.
It has sometimes been asked why
the City of New Westminster was
selected as the Head Ofllcce of the
Company. . he answer to this can be
easily found by reading the article fur-
nlshed by the New Westminster Progressive Association, and published
In this Issue.
The People's Trust Company, Ltd.,
act aB agents for the Investment of
funds, estate are managed and administered by tbem, and reliable information is at all times given to those
seeking for the most conservative
form of Investment.
0. A. WELSH
WBOLBSALB ABB BBTAIL
8TC
stales
8. F. MARK
Botary Faille
Baal Bstate tad Financial Broker
Ttl COLOMBIA ar.
J.WARD
aeeeeseot to Bee aeaaiiii
ei» COLUMBIA s-TBBST
J. 3. JOHNSTON
BBAL SSTiTl, tBSUBABOB, Big
lit
A. B. Mataecoa a B. B. Jaeoseoa
MODEL GROCERY
SXXTB BT. ABB TBXBD ATB.
Phones ion ft ION   P.O. Boa eat
MERRITHEW A RAMSAY
Oar. atn aad Oenama
Til see
New Westminster, B. C.
B. 0. MONTJMEHTAL
WORKS
aba.&a'.S-'&.l-S'-,,
Plione R 378        P. Baldwin, Prop.
ROYAL CITY CHEMICAL
CLEANERS AND DYERS
-•*• OO'VTMBIA BT.
Bew WeetaUnater, B. o.
Bell, Ingle a Co., Proprietors
FASHION LIVERY
FBBD ABB BALB BTABLBI
Comer Carnarvon aad aiactte its.
New Westminster, B. C.
P. O. Box 1133 phono ,,13
WILLIAM F. TATE
BBPBAOTZBO  OVTICXAB
Boom s, Dominion Tract Block
NEW  WI-HTMIXSTI-m. iFc
H. O. BRICE, 0. E.
0O*"OL-RBfl ASDOOBTBAOT-
IBO BBStBBBB
■ooras, Wertmlssur Tract Block
New Westminster, B. C.
A. L. LAVERY
CITT  BASSET
BABBB ABB OOBFBCTIOBBB
SIS COLOMBIA BT.|
T. F. Belt, Prop.
EDMONDS SASH A DOOR
FACTORY
BDMOBOi, 8. O. PAGE TWELVE
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY DECEMBER 27, 1912
New Westminster Contributors
THE FRASER HOTEL, Thomas Wlthyman, Prop....Cor. Front at Begbie Sts.
THE FRASER CAFE, Solberg Brothers, Props 11 Begbie Street
WEBB & OIFFORD, Engineers and Machinists 824 Holbrook Street
COMMERCIAL TRANSFER CO., A. Smith  820 Holbrook Street
HOTEL DUNSMUIR, Sproule Bros Mghth Street
W. LARSON, Shoe Repalrlngg and Clothes Pressing.......—38 Eighth Street
JOHN B. GRAY, Watchmaker, Jeweller and Optician 808 Columbia Street
A. E. McGEACHIE, The Popular Shoe Store 641 Front Street
JONES & RANT, LTD., Contractors 881 Front Street
J. W. PIKE & CO., Coal and Wood, etc...
...324 Front Street
ANDREW CLAUSEN, Watchmaker and Jeweller. 641 Front Street
THE SCANDIA TRADING CO., LTD., Groceries, etc.....Cor. Begbie and Front
A. ALLAM, Successor to Motor Transfer Co B.C.E.R. Depot
CONNOR & McQUARRIE, Milliners Room 1 Smith Block
MADAM BEAUCHAMP, Dressmaker Colllster Bldg.
WILLIAM F. TATE, Refracting Optician Room 0 Dominion Trust Bldg.
DAVID ADAMS, Central Grocery..... 730 Fifth Ave. and Eighth
WEST END HARDWARE ft PLUMBING CO 618 Eighth Street
THE WHITE GROCERY STORE, C. E. Hunter, Mgr. .720 Second Street
MATHESON ft JACOBSON, Model Grocery.  Sixth St. and Third Ave.
M. J. KNIGHT ft CO., LTD., Hardware 65 Sixth Street
WESTMINSTER GARGAGE, J. Dobson, Mgr. Sixth and Carnarvon Sts.
BEAVER CIGAR FACTORY, Fred J. Lynch, Prop 686 Clarkson
EDMONDS GENERAL STORES, LTD. Edmonds, B.O.
THE GEO. H. LEAF GENERAL SUPPLY STORE East Burnaby, B.C.
W. E. FALES, Furniture Dealer, Upholsterer, eto .612-618 Agnes Street
R. J. LANE, Fresh and Baited Meats....... 681 Sixth Street
MERRITHEW ft RAMSAY, Plumbers Cor. Eighth and Carnarvon
KLAIBBR ft SON, Retail Grocers 638 Sixth Street
BELYEA ft CO., Expressing and Draylng 827-833 Carnarvon Street
A. BABRAN, Clrncerles.  i Sixth and Hamilton Sts.
B.C. MILK CONDENSING CO., LTD. Chlllewack and Westminster
MISS W. HOLCOMB, Halrdresslng and Manicuring Parlor....28 Colllster Blk.
H. C. BRICE, O.B _... „...._, Room 3 Westminster Blk.
FASHION LIVERY, Bell, Ingle ft Co., Props. Cor. Carnarvon and Blackle
WM. McADAH, Real Estate and Inauranc 1 Old Westminster Trust Blk,
THE BURNABY LUMBER CO., A. Scott Edmonds, B.C.
FERNRIDGB LUMBER 00, LTD.........  New Westminster
WHITESIDE ft EDMONDS, Barristers ft SoUcltors...,Westmlnster Trust Blk.
J. H. KITCLEY, Sapperton Transer Co. 828 Cedar St., Sapperton
EDMONDS SASH ft DOOR FACTORY, T. F. Reld, Prop..; .Edmonds, B.C.
KELLINOTON ft HENDRY, Insurance.  Columbia and Eighth Sts
iHB MODDBRN PLUMBING ft HEATING CO., Batsman Bros.....607 7th St
PHILLIPS ft WRIGHT, Men's Wear, etc.-.:  688 Front
ROYAL CITY CHEMICAL CLEANERS ft DYERS 846 Columbia Street
A. S. MILLS ft. CO., Gent s Furnishers 617 Columbia Street
B.C. MONUMENTAL WORKS, Jas. McKay, Prop 332 Columbia Street
T. A. MILLS, Grocery.  .847 Columbia Street
J. H. TODD'S MUSIC HOUSE _ t  .....419 Columbia Stree..
WESTMINSTER MILL CO., LTD., G. W. Beach, Pres.:..... ...Lulu Island
B. N. COPELAND/Druggist _   .609 Eighth Street
JTHB PUBLIC 8UPPLY STORES, Grocers, eto..: Eighth Street
CUURTI8 ft DORGAN, Brokers, etc 706 Columbia Street
ROYAL CITY REALTY CO., Real Estate and Insurance. 750 Columbia
DUNSMUIR CAFE, C. D. Nunn, Prop  40 Eighth Street
J. WARD, Signs 618 Columbia Street
W. C. CHAMBBRLIN, Watchmaker and Jeweller.  621 Columbia Street
ANNANDALB SUPPLY CO., Grocers  Columbia Street
S. E. EDWARDS, Watchmaker and Optician .Hall and Lavery Block
RYALL'S DRUG 8TORB.. i  Columbia Street
W. B. SINCLAIR, The Sboeman. 611 Columbia Street
OLD COUNTRY BOOT STORE, Jno. Stewart Columbia Street
KING'S HOTEL, W. Orme, Prop..... ....^Columbia Street
GBO. R. SPECK, Gun and Locksmith Columbia Street
THE FAIR, C. J. Loat, Prop. —646 Columbia Street
WESTMINSTER REALTY CO., M. D. White, Mgr ..Merchants Bank Bldg.
C. A. WELSH, Wholesale and Retail Grocers....817 Sapperton, 805 Columbia
CITY BAKERY, A. L. Lavery, Prop. ; 516 Columbia Street
AYLINO ft SWAIN, Groceries, Fish, etc...      447 Columbia Street
J. J. JOHNSTON, Real Estate, Insurance, eto 629 Columbia Street
ACME CLOTHING CO., C. M. Greer     781 Columbia Street
TIDY, the Florist.     789 Columbia Street
LIVERPOOL ARMS, Cameron and Chaffee...
THE ROYAL CAFE, Seabold and Jones...
..662 Columbia Street
W. S. COLLISTER ft CO., Dry Goods, etc...
W. H. KEARY, Real Estate, Insurance, etc...
STAR SHIP YARD CO., E. Mercer	
8.' F. MARK, Real Estate, etc	
D, S. CURTIS ft CO., Drugs, etc...
..604 Dominion Trust Block
. . Columbia Street
.' 620 Columbia Street
...Lulu Island
...741 Columbia Street
...639 Columbia Street
WESTMINSTER IRON WORKS, John Reld, Prop. Tenth Street
WHITE BAKERY (Home of Home Made Bread) 308 Tenth Street
WESTMINSTER TRADING CO., Royal Avenue Grocery -. 846 Boyal Ave.
THE SETTLERS' ASSOCIATION OF B.C., Real Estate-Merchants Bank Bid.
FREEMAN'S WHOLESALE LIQUOR STORE ... 629 Front Street
OSCAR SWANSON, Sporting Goods, etc       13 Begbie Street
PEOPLE'S FRIEND CLOTHING STORES 744 and 708 Columbia St. W.
CENTRAL HOTEL CAFE AND WHITE LUNCH. 548 and 767 Columbia St.
A. SAND, Butcher  . 1010 Third Avenue
HOTEL STRAND, H. E. Falrweather, Prop Queenaborough, Lulu Is., B.C.
GEORGE CUNNINGHAM, Blacksmith  43 Bighth Street
WILLIAM SCLATER, Blacksmith 467 Cumberland
HOTEL RUSSELL, J. J. Kelly, Mgr  Carnarvon Street
HERBERT P. VIDAL ft CO., Customs Brokers....... New Westminster
MALINS, COULTHARD ft CO., LTD ,-.  708 Columbia
MR. ROBERT M. BURNS, c|o Clarlngton Hotel ..........So. New Westminster
HA8SAM PAVING CO. of B.C Columbia Street
WESTERN PAPER MILLS, LTD., C. J. Bastedo, Mgr.,..: Sapperton, B.C.
A. O, POWELL, Consulting Civil Engineer. .....Westminster Trust Bldg.
WESTERN CANADIAN CAN CO., R. L. Cliff, Mgr.-. ...East Burnaby, B.C.
J. P. GALGIV, Ladles' and Gentlemen's Tailor. .46 Lome Btreet
DENNY ft ROSS, Furniture  -Sixth and Carnarvon
HURRY UP HES8BNGBR SERVICE, G. W. Tapp, Mgr. 6 Trapp Block
THE SCOTCH BAKERY, Hay and Clark .Fifth St. and Bighth Ave
DR. H. W. JAKBMAN, Veterinary Surgeon Thompson Block, Columbia St.
ORKNEY BAKERY, William Miller, Mgr.    826 4th Street
McBRIDB ft KENNEDY, Barristers-at-law, eto..., .Clarkson Street
McQUARRIE, MARTIN ft CA8SADY, Barristers .Westminster Trust Bldg.
DR. W. H. LAMBERT, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat... ..-613 Columbia Street
G. H. MANCHESTER, M.D Room 12 Dominion Trust Block
THE MODEL BAKERY, Mark Brothers.. Cor. Fourth Ave. and Second St.
DR. D. F. CARSWBLL, Physician and Surgeon.— .Cor. Sixth and Columbia
WINDSOR HOTBL, P. O. Bllodeau, Prop ......Next to Tram Offlce
PEOPLE'S MERCANTILE CO., T. J. Thorson, Mgr...; 713 Front Street
DEPOT HOTEL, J. M. Wise, Mgr. — Columbia Street
MISS G. A. DAVBY, Milliner JO. Agnes Street
PACIFIC CHOCOLATE CO., M, Fredenhazen.... 16 Front Street
WESTMiNSTEl. CHEMICAL CLBANBR8S ft DYERS. 612 Carnarvon
M. J. PHILLIPS, Clothier. U..671 Columbia Street
PROVINCIAL REALTY CO. „ ......660 Columbia Street
NORTH WEST TRUST CO., LTD.-  650 Columbia Street
GRAY ft GILCHRIST, Real Estate, Insurance, etc-Trapp Blk., 675 Columbia
JOSEPH H. FITZGERALD, Clothing and Furnlshlngi.......:..-648 Columbia St.
QUBBNSBOROUGH REALTY CO., A. Bprlce . -Queensborough, B.C.
KENNEDY BROS., LTD., Real Estate  —Columbia and Begbie St
WESTMINSTER GLASS CO., John Jones  Sixth and Vlotorla Sts.
GILLBY BROS., LTD,, Coal and Builders Supplies ,....:—902 Columbia
REID ft HcDONALD, Clothing and Furnishings — Columbia Street
MERCANT'S HOTEL, Root and Halm, Props  Columbia Street
CANADA MALLEABLE STSEEL RANGE AND MFG. CO., LTD..Market Sq.
THE T. H. SMITH CO., LTD., General Merchandise-  628 Columbia St.
CO-OPERATIVE INVESTMENT CO., LTD.............714 Columbia Street
THE WESTMINSTER TRUST ft SAFB DEPOSIT CO., LTD.
B. H. McEWBN, M.D Westminster Block
C. S. DAVIBS, Prescription Druggist... 32 Sixth Street
THE UP-TO-DATE SHOE REPAIRER, Wm. Garrett.. 658 Clarkson St
JOHN W. ROBSON, Groceries, Provisions, eto     444 Sixth Btreet
McCALLUHS, LTD., Manufacturers.  .Westminster Trust Block
MRS. S. A. AGRBT, Milliner.....  59 Sixth Street
BURNABY HEATING ft PLUMBING CO  .Burnaby, B.C.
RUTLBDGBSAUNDERS BROCKERAOE CO..418-19 Westminster Trust Blk.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DISTILLERY CO., LTD. :.„New Westminster
I. HUDSON, WaU Papers, etc  41 Sixth Street
WESTMINSTER SHEET METAL WKS., W. J. Galbraigh, Mgr...624 Sixth St.
THE CRYSTAL DAIRY CO., LTD., J. B. Hanks, Mgr- 655 Sixth Street
MIS8ES SILVESTER ft MacDONALD, Millinery Parlors .45 Sixth St
W. H. SHITH, Groceries and Provisions Coldloutt Block, Bast Burnaby
W. W. RAMEY, Woodworkers, Fixtures, etc. 510 Columbia Street
BRITISH CANADIAN SECURITIES, Walter 8, Rose .Dominion Trust Blk.
MOTHERWELL ft DARLING, Real Estate-401-2-2 Westminster Trust Bldg.
THOS. D. SHBRR1FF, Real Estate, .Westminster Building
VULCAN IRON WORKS, O. N. Duncan New Westminster
ROYAL CITY LAUNDRY, Burt Abrams 814 Royal Ave.
ANDERSON ft LU8BY, Hardware Dealers.... .Columbia Street
MILLER ft JEWHURST, Builders, etc 656 Columbia Street
WESTMINSTER BREWERY New Westminster
THE PEOPLE'S TRUST CO., LTD Columbia Street
E. J. BOUGHBN, Architect   816 Fourth Ave.
SMAIX-BUCKLIN LUMBER CO., LTD New Westminster
TROY STEAM LAUNDRY, A, H. Turner, Proprietor. Clarkson Stree*
WALKER BROTHERS ft WILKIB, Real Estate B. C. Electric Bldg.
N. D. CAMERON, Prop. Lytton Hotel 317 Front Street
THE A. L. CLARK INVESTMENT CO., LTD. 19-20 Dominion Trust Blk.
LEES LIMITED, Department Store. .-.  674 Columbia Street
M. MONK ft CO., Wholesale Fish .-„:......._ .Front Street
J. P. McMurphy, Heating and Sanitary Engineer. .- Clarkson Street
The Brackman-Ker Mfg. Co  -. tLJtZ.*iB? ft -K-Cereal Foods)
President  Bew  Westminster  Brotherhood of Carpeatem' Onion,
A Compulsory Religion.
"The trouble with the world Is the
Insane worship of money." How often
we hear this thundered from the pulpit, emphasised In the presB and ln
ordinary conversation. Yea, that's the
trouble. But what drives people to
this Insanity?
In the flrst place, life Is a flght for
food, shelter, and clothing. No matter
how high the cost of apparel goes, we
must keep a degree of comfort and a
decent appearance. No matter how
far the landlord advances his rent, we
n.ust struggle to pay for shelter.
We must flght to get these things or
die, and the average man does die
fighting for them between 45 and ou
years of age.
You might truthfully write over the
tombstones or four-fifths of the human
race: "Died fighting for food, shelter,
and clotrung—in a world ot plenty,"
The tear that they will not get the
necessities oi lite, and that their chll
dren wll suffer for them, drives the
restless spirits on.
It Is this kind ot civilization that
breeds an Insane worship of money.
That some men want more, after they
have been assured a life if comfort,
mere emphasises the tragic baseness
ot this mad movement
In a world that Is running amuck,
Individuals cannot stop, even If they
would, tor back of lt all Is the original
cause:  FEAR,
A stampede of cattle carries all with
it, even lt one of the herd Is ready to
stop.
So, bend your back to the lash, cringe,
crawl, prostitute yourselves mentally
and physically, bribe, graft, do anything to get money. "Get it," Bays
father to son; "marry for money,"
says mother to daughter.
Under the circumstances, how can
the average individual worship any
God—but Mammon?—Arthur Young in
i 'ihe Masses, ,
Office Phones: ISO and 732
P. O. Box 464
BELYEA & CO.
Expressing and Draying
Dealers in Coal, Coke and Wood
Pianos, Safes and Furniture Moving a Specialty
Express Wagons Always on Hand
Office and Stables: 827-833 Carnarvon St., New Westminster
L. L. Adams
S. K. Bbiqos
<?AY CASH-IT WILL PAY YOU
The Public Supply Stores
Cash Grocers
GROCERIES — PROVISIONS - DELICATESSENS
Eighth Street, back of Bank of Vanoouver, New Westminsteb
John Reid, Proprietor
P. O. Box 474
Westminster Iron Works
Structural and Ornamental
IRONWORK
General Machine Work, Engineering and Blaoksmithing
Office and Works, tenth St., NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
WE MANUFACTURE Bridge, Structural and Ornamental Ironwork,
Wrought Iron Gates and Fencing, Stairs and Stair Railings, Newel
Posts, Balcony Railings, Fire Escapes and Ladders, Hotel Porches,
Jail Cages, Folding Gates, Elevator Enclosures, Bank and Office Grills
and Cagos, Flat and Round Wire Work, Window Guards—Iron or Wire
Park or Garden Settees, etc.
E. H. BUCKLIN,    N. S. BEARDSLEE,    W. P. H. BUCKLIN
Pres. and Gen. Mgr.    Vice-President. Sec. and Troas.
Small-Bucklin
Lumber Company, Limited
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in
Fir, Cedar and Spruce
Lumber
Shingles, Sash, Doors,
Mouldings, Etc.
Phones: 7 ud 877.
WESTMINSTER  WELCOMES  WORKERS
;,r,'   * t'^^^'SSaT^r> "T;      i       '< TT"^       T%i ■" ',    j ~
•-.'-.•
a^wfiT*'*:*'-
.„!   ',i dJf'H'k
mft&m» *
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..'.:.■
_j-Z^l_:"*"*'»ssV_
PANORAMIC VIEW.OF NEW WESTMINSTEB.
The City of New Wet ml niter, which hu won
imk-Ii high reputation within the tut few years
In the world* of commerce, Industry, finance, and
genera! progress)vene3s, It an example of what
workers, u opposed to groucherJ, can do!.
From the chief magistrate to the humblest
worker In the city, everyone Is steadily pushing
thli district onward and upward, In the desire to
tiring about Increased prosperity and expansion
In every walk of life.
It has been frequently remarked to the writer
by new arrivals, by capitalist*), and by newspaper
editors, that "the people of New Westminster
have an Individuality of their own; they are
bright and healthy; look most Intelligent; move
about your rtreet*-- with energy; everyone seems
to have his heart ln his work." These are some
of the remarks recently made, and they are all
TRUE.
New Westminster wants none within Us boundaries but those who are Real Workers. It matters not what thay labor at, bo long ai thpy bring
their God-given Intellect and physical powers to
bear upon their work.
The aim of every citlsen seems to be Increasingly evident to get the best men to the front;
and long may such be a Westminster characteristic; for, where due recognition is given to merit,
that place will attract the better class of work-
em; and they will reciprocate by giving to the
city, and citizens who acknowledge their endeavors, the very best that lies ln their power of
hand or brain.
In only too many towns and cities the main
object li to Induce men to locate In their midst.
They are after the almighty dollar; and so the
poor man who hat only a limited capital ot, lt
may be, a few hundred dollar.*-, suffers eventually, by reason of misleading literature; or, of
being nimble to learn the TRUTH as to existing
conditions! We, In New Westminster, are dealr-
oih of attracting to ourselves the Best of every
fin's of men; hut, we place first of all, the desire
to provide work for all; and therefore are seeking tho e Industries which will provide the worker* with a fair and steady remuneration; such ns
(-hall enable them to own their dwellings, and
maintain the title which has been given on many
occasions to New Westminster—by reason of no
many per*on* owning their residences—"A City
of Homes t"
Tht Worker Should Learn,
Par more than he usually attempt! to do before deciding on hla future home. A livelihood la the
flrst necessity; but, besides this he should learn what period of the year he Is likely to be laid off by
reason of climatic Influences; the cost of house rent, food supplies, fuel, water, light, taxation; these
nre Important points too often neglected: many a man gtvea up a steady Job without due forethought,
or such Investigation as would enable htm to use discretion and count the possibilities in his favor, or
against, for future prosperity.
The Object or tho Writer.
It Is to prevent men being Inveigled, by false statements, to points where there Is neither steady
wcrk, facilities for home life and comfort, reasonable prospects for himself or family, and that kindly
sympathy whloh counts for so much, even If the power of actual assistance la lacking.
Something About Now Westminster.
This city, which was almost unknown outside the province In 1908, had then only 12,000 people.
Today It ts widely known ln Oreat Britain, as well aa on this continent, being a city of front rank, with
20,000 people, and a tributary district having 65,000 or more thriving agriculturalists, fruit growers,
dairymen, and employees In kindred industries; these cover an area of some 100 miles from the Gulf
of Georgia on the west to Chilllwack on the east
Its assessment has Increased from $7,235,700 In 1910, to $28,100,180 In 1912; and today taxation is
lass than It was ln the former year, and even leu than in 1911, when the city council tound itself able
to reduce taxation by exempting all Improvements, a plan which has been again adopted In 1912.
The Brain Workers so laid their plans that the Hand Workera reaped a double benefit ln a reduction of taxation as well as ln the extensive city Improvements which gave them employment, Increased
comfort, and greater facilities; whilst providing room for industrial expans.cn, and attracting the attention of those who had lt In their power to help onward tbe Industrial progress of the city.
Space does not permit of more than a brief synopsis or Improvements In the city; but words cannot express adequately the changes that have
occurred and which have ho altered Its appearance
that the visitor of three years since would not
recognise It—as It stands today a monument to
tho Western Worker*.!
Improvements Accomplished,
Board sidewalks gave place to miles of cement.
Macadam has been replaced by concrete roadways In many parts,
strtft lighting has become a science, at a minimum  of  CO-it.
Sanitation has been adopted, throughout New
We tmlnster, of the most up-to-date character,
and In every section of the city.
An additional water main has been laid to Lake
Coquitlam (16 miles), giving a further 6,260,000
gallon supply of glacial water.
Several -splendid schools have been built,
Two new parks have been provided for suburban residents.
Additional fire halls, and auto appliances, with
ladders suitable for operating on our new eight-
storey building?, has been provided.
Building permit i have increased from $1,063,000
In 1911 to about $1,600,000 In 1012.
Three new electric railway lines have been added In the city.
The foregoing are only some of the most Important feature-?; steady progress has been shown
in every Industry, as well at In the government
and civic owned utilities, and commercial life.
XmproTome&ts (VMSpeottve).
The most Important af the-e, from a citizen's
rcliit of view, Is the Westminster Harbour Plan,
which provides for a frontage of seven miles,
with 15 docks, each 600 feet long. Already
$600,000 has been voted by the citizens to prepare
for this work, which will make New We?tmln«ter
the "Pacific Llverpocl" and the great maritime
terminal of the world's "hipping; for, at no other
point ln Western Canada Is there to be found so
many advantages for wharvc, Warehouses, factories, and deep water facilities with wholesale
and retail stores practically odjollnng the harbour
front, and railway ytrackane which enables the
Importer or exporter, to load direct from the
vessel or freight car, and forward to any part
of the continent of America.
O. S. t-IVABT WADS,
Publicity Commissioner, New Westminster, B. C.
■minium
-**__»»*. THE BRITISH COLU
FIFTH YEAB. No. 90.
VANCOUVER B. 0.. FBtfiAY.
VICTORIA, THE CAPITAL CITY OF BRITISH m&JM^
Thnd Anrmal Convention of Br^^
British Columbia the
Banner Province
of Canada
BRITISH COLUMBIA, Canada's
Maritime Province on the Fa-
cine Ocean,' is the largest In
the Dominion, Its area, according to the census ol 1911, being
855,865 square miles, It is a great, irregular quadrangle about 700 miles
(rom north to south, with* an average
width of about 400 miles, lying between latitudes 49 degrees and 60
degrees north. It Is bounded on the
south by Ihe Straits ot Juan de Fuca,
and the States of Washington, Idaho
and Montana, on the west by the Pacific Ocean and Southern Alaska, on
the north by Yukon and Mackensle
Territories, and on the east by the
Province of Alberta. From the 49th
degtes north to the 54th degree the
eastern boundary follows the axis of
the Rocky Mountains, and thence
north on the 120th meridian.
The last census (1911) places the
population at 392,480; in 1901 the population was 175,(67.
History.
Previous to 1858 British Columbio,
then known as New Caledonia, formed
a portion of the Hudson's Bay Company's concession, but In that year it
was constituted a crown colony, owing
to Ihe large Immigration consequent
on the discovery of gold. Vancouver Island was leased to the Hudson's
Bay Company in 1843, and was made
a crown colony in 1849. In 1866 the
colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island were united, and on
July 20th,. 1871, British Columbia entered the Canadian Confederation, and
Ib represented by three members In
Ihe Senate, and seven In the House of
Commons ot Canada,.
Description.
I i he vast tract comprised within the
limits of the province—extending as
it does through nearly 12 degrees of
latitude with a varying breadth and I
e'.evntlon—naturally affords a great diversity ot climate.
The coast region has been described
as "having a climate wonderfully like
that of England, only the summers are
much drier." The warm tropical waters of the Pacific gulf stream (Japan
current) striking the coast gives to
Vancouver Island and the coast, generally a mild and agreeable climate;
there is little frost or snow, and there
Is a difference of at least 10 degrees ot
latitude In favor of places on the coast
as compared with corresponding positions on the Atlantic coast. The Interior is subject to greater extremes
both of heat and cold, but nowhere
are lie extremes so great as on the
eastern slope of the Rocky mountains;
Ihe climate Is for the most part drier,
and the snowfall consequently less.
Constitution.
> The Provincial sovwnmetH Is. ad-
miniate! ed by a lieutenant-governor
snd legislative assembly of 42 members in Ihe system of executive administration known as a "responslblle
government." The assembly Is' elected1 for four years, every male adult
'. (British subjects) having resided six
months In the province, ' duly registered, being entitled to vote, The
present legislature consists' of 40 Conservatives and two Socialists, the Lit,
eisls having failed to return a member at the last general election (1912).
Education.
A complete system of free education
was established by act In. 1872. . The
c ntral control Is vested In the council of public Instruction, composed ot
the members of the executive counoll.
Ihe minister of education directs the
general management of the schools
through the superintendent of educn
tlon. In each rural school district
trustees are elected to attend to the
local affairs of the school and ln the
city school districts, seven, five or
three (according to grade, whether
first, second or third class) trustees
are e'ested tor this purpose,'
There are at present 23 high schools
ln the province. The number ot
schools in operation ln 1911-1912 was
638, under 1,179 teachers, with an enrollment of 45,126 pupils. The schools
are free and non-seotarlan, The highest morality must be Inculcated, but
no religious dogma or creed le per-
milted to be taught. School districts
are formed wherever there are 20
children let ween the ages of 6 and
16 years available for school .purposes.
The legislature has set aside two
million acres of land aB an endowment
for a provincial unlverslty,a Bite tor
which haB been chosen at the city of
Vancouver,
Trade.
The trade of the province is developing rapidly; tn 1911-1912 Imports
amounted to 149,345,161, and the exports (20,272,840, or a total of $69,618,-
001 being an Increase of $7,911,846
over the previous fiscal year. Exports
consist ot minerals (chiefly gold silver,
copper and coal), sea products (chiefly
salmon, halibut, herrings, whale products and oil), lumber, furs skins etc.
A large portion of the salmon, canned
and pickled, goes to Oreat Britain,
Germany, Eastern Canada, the Hawaiian Islands, Australia and Japan; the
United States consumes a large share
oi the exported coal, and great quantities of lumber are shipped to Oreat
Britain, South Africa, Japan, China, India, Australia, Mexico and South
America, The valuable furs—seal, sea
otter and other peltries—are sent to'
Great Britain and the United States,
china also buys a considerable amount
of lumber, timber and (urs. Valuable
shipments of oil, principally obtained
from whales and dog fish, are consigned to Great Britain, the United
States and Hawaii'. A large inter-pro-
vinclal trace with Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and the eastern provinces Is rapidly developing, the fruit
grown In British Columbia being
largely shipped to the prolprle provinces, where it finds a good market,
Whaling, a new Industry, makes an
Important Item in the export trade.
Shipping
The number and tonnage of vessels
entered and oleared at British Columbia ports in 1911 was as follows:
'«' Inward
From the sea, 3744 vessels; 3,682,693
tone.
Coasting trade, 27,260 vessels;   9,-
266,214 tons.
Total vessels, 31,004; total tons, 12,-
948,907. f
B, 0. Pabuament Building Whubb ■''Laibi's Bepbs-sei-tatives Should Meet.
■^■•N
The Victoria trades
ud Labor Comet!
icretary *'
28,009,000
11.000,000
20,887,898
ttrnm
«o»r. nniisioi tousto, u„
Cat, XiL.D.
•fiwrtaalal   tseretanr   aad   atulstet   ol
■dotation, British Colombia.
Outward
For the sea, 3796 vessels; 3,718,064
tons.
Coasting trade, 27,246 vessels; 9,143-
416 tons.
Total vessels, 31,041; total tons, 12,-
861,470.
British Columbia produced in 19111
Minerals      :|iS'211,8U
Lumber	
Fish	
Agriculture ....
Manufactures
Total _...»1«8,04#09
Some of the principal  cities and
towns are:   Victoria theUapltal)
ulatlon, 191], 31,660; Vi'
902; New Weatmlai
mr, 8168; Nelson,**
4184. ' ..".
Mining
The mineral production o( the Province to the end of 1911 amounts In value to 1397,696,722 towards which sum
coal haB contributed $122,084,343. A
great advance has been made In metalliferous mining; the oldest districts
have Increaseil-jgBkslluctlon, while
new fleldsjfl ^feed up; this
advance^* K by the In-
creaj-sjW Be 1900, which
Resources
British Columbia's coal measures are
estimated to contain 40 billion tons
of bituminous coal and 61 billion tons
of anthracite coal; it possesses the
greatest cempact area of merchantable
timber in North America; the Import,
ance of the fisheries, apart from salmon fishing, Is only beginning to be
realized; there are Immense deposits
of magnetite and nematlte iron of the
finest quality which still remain undeveloped; the area of agricultural and
fruit lands Is estimated at 60,000,000
acres and less than one-tenth of the
available land Is settled upon, much
less cultivated; the Province has mil
lions of acres of pulpwood as yet un-
Provincial: Secretary, Minister ot
Education, Hon. Henry E. Young, M.
"**  LL.D.
l-BLl0»la,*&m..
^ijlaSi
w.
Bon.
iMiatan-  Victoria Trades ,	
OoueU, ■aetata*}' Victoria LaWram.
pla Co., aad a vioa. president ot tie
.t. O. federation of xiaboi.
exploited; petroleum deposits, but recently discovered, are among the most
extensive la the world, and moat of the
territory unexplored and Its potential
value unknown.
The Canadian Pacific is at present
the principal railway ln the Province.
It has two main lines, the Canadian
Pacific Railway and the Crow's Nest
Paes Railway, and several branches,
connecting with United States railway
systems, also steamboat connections
on the land lakes, besides its large
fleet cf ocean-going and coasting
Bleamers. The railway mileage of the
Province Is about 2000 miles,- with an
additional 1000 miles tn course of construction.
The Grard Trunk Pacific Railway Is
building Its main, line eastward from
Prince Rupert, nesr tho mouth of the
Skeena River, and the Canadian Northern Pacific Is under contract to build
six hundred miles df railway from
Tete Jaune Cache to Bsrkly Sound on
the west coast of Vancouver Island
Within fcur years from June; 19)0.
Revenue Expdture Debt (net)
.$ 1,736,4(6 $3,393,188' $8,639,878
2,331,164 2,862,794* 8,764,412:
2,902,417 8,788,2281
2,671646 8.106,162'
2,849,479 6,626,283
4,590,673* 4,223,818
8.746,349 3,294,577
9,649,994 801,644
8,414,82S"T497,894
Statistics
Deaths       Marlages
2,784 .,..,...'3,448
3,280
4,609   .
.   mm
.'ssfitfaS*-***-*
■ Jglelatlve Assembly (42 Members)
*IW*sr, Hon. D. M  Eberta, K. C,
ilerk, Thornton Fell.
Membere
VancouvefcOity'-WllUain-Js «owser,
K.C; H. H.Wjatson, O. A. McOuIre, C.
B. TlSdall, ATM. B. McGowan.
Greewood—J. R. Jackson.
H. W. F. Behnsen, Frederick Devey.
•.Victoria City-Sir Richard McBride,
K.O.M.G.K.C. J,
.Richmond—Hon. F.  L. Carter-Cot
Heair B. Thomson.
:■ Skeena—William Manson.
■ Blocan—William Hunter.
Okanagan—Hon. Price Ellison.
. Cowlchan—W. H. Hayward.
Grand Forks—Ernest Miller.
Kamloops—J. Pearson Shaw.
New Westminster City—Thos,
ford,.; ,   '
Comox—Michael Manson.
Kaslo—Nell Frankly McKay.
Nanaimo City—J. Plaoe.
Yale—Alexader Lucas, Michael Cal-
ton.
Nelson City—W, P. McLean,
lahan, M.D,
Cariboo—John A. Fraser.
Cranbrook—T. D. Cavan.
Rossland City—L. A. Campbell.
Chilllwack-8. A. Cawley.
Dewdney—William J. Manson.
Llllooet—A. McDonald.
Alberni—J. O. C. Wood. -
Delta—F. J. A. Mackensle.
Islands-Hon. A. E. McPhllUps, K.C.
Esquimau—R. H. Pooler.''  '  :
Fernle—Hon. W. R. Ross, K.C. -
Simllkameen—Lytton W. Shatford.
Saanlch—Hon. David McE. Alberts,
K. C.
Revelstoke—Hon. Thomas W. Taylor.
U       (Continued on page Twenty)
1903...
1904:...
1905....
1906:...
1907....
1908....
1909...,
910....
1911....
2,613,386
2,737,366
4,137,619 :
6,466,978
4,664,500
8,874,741
10,492,892
Vltsl
Births
1909—4,264
1910—5,005   8,221
1911—5,841  ..:  8,660
Jains O.
■x-I-t ssldaat TIctoile Traits aad !_.
aad labor Congress ot Canada,
Seat of Government—Victoria
Lieutenant-Governor, His Hon. ThoB.
W. Patterson  r.;.:.*.'..a $9,000
Private Secretary,    H.    J.'   8,
Muskett .-.  1,200
A.D.C., Captain B. H. Tyrwhltt-Drake,
C. A.
Executive' Council,
Premier, Hon, Sir Richard McBride,
K.C.M.O., K.C.
Minister of Finance and Agriculture,
Hon. Price Ellison.
Minister of Mines, Hon. Sir Richard
McBride, K.C.M.O., K.C.
Attorney-General, Hon., William J.
Bowser; K.C.
O. O. TODsTO)
sMatml OffaaJan tor the America*. TMsratlos. ef Baker, f« vaolae
hatsMai    - -
■orthwest, with I
dtuaitstf *V-raaeata.
„      -.  -__,'|TIAK 8IVERTZ.
Secretary Victoria T. aad L. Council.
Every organisation must bo Judged
lot aloae by Its processions, but also!
by Its actual achievements. The
achievements shooM not be valued by
tbelr Immediate results only, bat byi.
their prospective reeutt* «• well, la
the labor movement th* Trades sad'
Ubor Council la tin
that follows the
unlo* locals.  Us
Urn is to make possible a tmKod expression ot the various
unions, of whose delegates II
bershlp Is composed; aad to foster a
sentiment of fraternity between the;!
different sections of organised work-'';
ers, such sentiments to be baled oo (he
identity of Interest of workingmen :
sM wage-earners, which makes the
only permanent lotudation for that
selldarlty in the industrial aa well as:
the political flald, on whlcn the success of the entire working clam move-':
meat depends,
I Because cf the varying local condl-
tttns, each Trades aw Labor Ceucil
has a history of Its own, which expresses a character peculiar to the'
community. In this Victoria la no ex-
cep.hn. The central body of Victoria
is the most consistently determined
and progressive ss well as conservative of all similar bodies in Canada.
Its reputation for steady, systematic
progress extends over the entire Dominion. An official of an international:!
local In Toronto told the writer a few
weeks ago that the Victoria Trades
aiid Labor Council was th* only con-,:.
tral body In the whole Dominion that':
acknowledged every communication.
Often have I listened to men from,
different part* of Canada observe In
conversation to the effect that "Victoria can be relied on."
=    Scm* of the Thing* Don*.
The history of the Victoria Trades
and Labor Council la not made up of:
spectacular upheavals with unknown
results. The condition of the Indus-::
trial class In the city has not been
such aa to make it possible to write a
chapter of great lacldenta la the hl*>
tory of human progress, In on* day,:
Ours Is rather a record of what Is r*j
ferred to as of minor Importance, but!
which shows the exlateaoe of the aame
spirit of determination to accomplish
things which, makes many other men
and places famous,' the spirit of self*
sacrifice and greater fraternity.
When In 1905 the workers of Victoria conceived the Idea that It would'
be a nice thing t» ham th* Oaagress
here, although f"
1iuiii'ffliitiVii.itJiW'_
and tree to 'Toronto with tnsti	
to bring th* Congress toe. So well
did the oelegates handle their case
thlt the Congress waa held In Victoria:
ihe following year. The Victoria convention brought about an Immediate!
awakening to new activities among alii
sections of organised labor throughout
Western Canada and waa the beginning of that era of phenomenal progress which the organised labor movement ln Canada has wltneseed, and of
whlh tbe growing Importance of the
Trades and Labor Congress, together
with tbe young and vigorous Provln-
dlar Federation, Is the most convincing
proof.' Since that time, for eight ton,
secuflvs conventions, Victoria's central
body has been rtpreeented in the'gat
iusI conventiea* ofthetjonfress. The,
appreciation of the delegates, representing as they do the workers of tbe
whole country, can be heat judged by
their action in electing Jas. C. .Watters
ae their president at Calgary, an*.reelecting him recently at Guelph, a Victorian and for yeara a preeideat of
that central body.
When tbe great Book* lake .-rater
works were under consideration hy th*
city council, the Tradea and Labor
Council had a clause Inserted In the
specifications and contract which
reads in part as follows:
"The contractor shall pay for skilled
labor engaged by him the standard
union rate of wagea current In the
city of Victoria at tbe time of calling
for tenders. He shall pay wages at ,
least once a fortnight Bight' hours ■
shall constitute a day's work," etc.
This Incident probably makes the
Victoria Trades and Labor Council the
first central body on this continent, If
not In the world, to secure recognition
of the union scale of wage* as such
I from a governing body.
I   A year ago this Council passed a
I resolutloi_.and passed lt on to the city
authorities recommending   the   aboil-
tlon of Ihe ward system In city elections.   The words are how abolished
and every alderman will be elected at
, large, Just as the mayor   and school
I board Is elected.  The council Is at the
[time of writing considering the advisability of putting a Ucket In the field.
I   "A resolution recently adopted by the
central body Is now before the dty
council by which It Is demanded that
the street by-law be so amended aa to   -
do away with restrictions that now obtain relative to street sneaking.   With
the elections only   a few weeks oi,
nothing hss been done In this matter
so far bv the city counoll.   The question wiH> not be allowed to rest   We
will either question the" candidates or
we will put up our own candidates and
ask no questions. ,
Msny other Items of far-reaching Importance to the working class In lis
struggle against vested Interest* could
be mentioned which thie council has
protected arid followed up. successfully •
end to the bettermeuVof the workers.
Victoria Is not what ia generally understood as an Industrial center.. She
I* a .commercial, residential and of*,
clal city; that condition la responsible
for the feet that while the different
trades are wall represented, no one or
a particular group dominate the labor
movement; there Is a healthy balance maintained between them all
whloh gives Indefinite but distinctive
air of conservatism to Its progressivt-
ness. _''    .
That the civic authorities and "the
Trades and Labor Council will take
good care of the 191S convention is i
sured,      - •.   .
1- TgE  BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDBBATIONIST
"■SVlxe-o tbe movement for ts better-
ment of labor condition* flrat tastd lta
tolrtb. few of the Influential men In
Vsmcouved volunteered to offer their
ampport. After tbe embryo organ!**
tlon tbe representatives of tbe differ-
ent trades unlona a pproaobed employer* of labor wltb contract*, pro-
vldin*-; for union boura and wages,
only at emss.ll percentage of tbe employer* -were willing to enter Into tbe
agreement, which meant much to or;
axanlaed  labor at tbat tune.
Mr. Rogers -waa conducting a paint
shop anal employed a conalderable
number of. men. Hla -ersta tha flrat
■Ignatur* to be affixed to tbe con-
tract tbe representatives of the Paint-
astra* Union were circulating. Mr. Ro-
agora baa employed: labor In one capacity or another during the paat SO
years, and In no instance wsen he waa
fan personal contact wltb the work haa
tbere ever been friction with the la-
Bor organisation. The laat large Job:
where labor was employed waa the:
-QulldlnaT of tbe Rogera block. Union
1 labor, waa given preference on thl*
Job ln every instance. The Rogera
building; waa erected ata coat of about
S600.000.
. Mr. Roger* -was among the flrat of
those who bad tb* courage to lnveat
tbelr money tn bualneaa blooka ln
Vavneou-rer SO year* ago, when the
business district, and even the future
of  Vancouver was an uncertainty.
. -A.t a sacrifice to -hla -bualneaa, he
baa served tn tbe Vancouver olty
council during two term*, 1906-1011,
and five years on tbe city park board,
tbe   least   year  as  chairman.
Mr. Rogers waa born at Demblgh-
Bhlre, Wales. He haa lived ln Vancouver 25 years. Public-spirited men
of   his  calibre are rare.
"With the completion of the Rogera
block, the business* details, which
have taken most of Mr. Rogers' time,
have been mastered; and It Is his Intention to devote the greater part of
bla leisure in the future in public eer>
vlce, If called upon by tbe. people to
d*o   so.
OKTE THAT GOT PAST THE
WDITOB.
In a. recent publication of a widely-read Yachting and Motor Boat
Tournay, sv frontispiece showed a
sailboat off the coast of California,
unclerrieath was printed; "Bowl-
ixxfg along on a Port ack." The issue of this publication had hardly
reached its readers, before letters
began coming into the managing
?<iitor*» office, protesting that the
sailboat was on a starboard tack,
and before a -week had passed
practically every city on the sea
ward and inland lakes had been
leard from. The editor was con
lequently considerably disturbed
>ver the' matter ,and, on investi-
ration- found that in enlarging the
Jieture for publication, the print
tad been used, in tbe absence of
he negative. Tbe picture was- in
reality of a "Port tack," and
vould have been shown as such
lad the enlargement been made
:rom the negative. The joke was
an. the editor fair and square,
Photographers for newspapers
ake a keen delight in "putting
►ne  over*-* occasionally.
We use this story as an illustra-
.'on of how- simple a matter it
•eallv iss, in the production of a
>ublication, to overlook little de-
ails that are often times immedi-
-tely notice*ti by its readers. When
>ne takes into consideration in-
rieate parts attendant to tho
fathering of news, writing it into
story, its trip to the composition
oom, and finally to the press, it
s not hard to understand that mis-
ale es will sometimes get past the
ratehful eyes' of an entire force,
n d the best we can do in those
are ( ?) instances is to ask the in-
tilgence of the reading public.
Some twenty odd year* ago a moating waa hold In the Manchester town
hall. Sir Bosdln Leech (mayor) presiding, to protest agalnat something that
waa going on in India. I was yooni In
yean, and the matter discussed had no
special interest to ae at th* Urn*. I
s serving aa apprenticeship to a
bade, aiid was present, worUnf dnrlai
the meeting. It wa* a divided roeetlnf,
a number of colonels and majors and
what not bains In opposition to tb*
question debated. -A Terr venerable
emotional old lady took th* floor, addressed the meeting, and concluded
with a few remark* that stuck la my
memory. They were to th* effect that
if lt waa naaeacary that women ahould
be attached to British regimental
brothela In India, it waa equally atots-
aary that every bettieehip ahould bar*
a part aet aside for a proportionate
number of prostitutes for th* us* of
the aallora."
I had -reason recently to recall th*
meeting and •ubject vividly before me,
A book came my way, entitled, 'Tb*
Queen's Daughters In Inula,'' by Hisa-
beth W. Andrews aad Kath*rla* T.
Buahnell. It oontalna a preface by
Mrs, Josephine H. Butler, from which
I take the following extract*:
'I wish that erery.. woman la tb*
United Kingdom could read tbl* little
hook. It Ull* th* truth, tb* terrible
truth, concerning tha treatment of certain Indian women—our fellow citlsens
and *lst*r»—by the British govara-
ment I believe If th* truth war* known
throughout th* length and breadth of
tin land lt would become impossible
for our ruler* to continue' to malat '
the cruel and wicked regulations by
whloh these Indian woman are
slaved and destroyed. ,
; "I am a loyal Englishwoman; I lor*
my country. It la because of my gnat
love for her that I mourn so deeply
Over hi* dishonor in tbe promotion of
auch leglilatlon and practice* as tbls,
book expo***, and that I will not cease
to denounce the crimed committed in
her name ao long a* I hare lit* and
breath."
To which I aay "Bravo!" and "Hear!
hear!" Beyond asserting that legalised
prostitution ia part and parcel of all
efficient (T) military systems, I Intend
to let the book talk.'Sevan yean hence
the boy conscript* of today will be
in. The defense scheme, a* defense
schemes must, will iiav* failed. Our
friend* the government will be forced
by the pre**, a* in th* present scheme,
to more drastic proposal*, and what
thla Uttle book reveal* of th* degradation and infamy of military occupation
In India, will be established In our very
mldat, -tot' at the back of the "rice
regulation" system of India ar* Lord
Roberts sad the British aristocracy.
So rarely as the people of this omlnlon
sanction the Iniquitous proposals of
compulsory militarism to become established, *o surely will the morality
of the nation flnd lta virtu* In tha
•ar. a. Wi
^ttLS&*-r
WaMsts, War*
LARGE EXODUS OF UNION MIN TO
COQUITLAM.
The Union-man ot British Columbia
have heartily responded to the investment offered by th* Coquitlam Town-
sit* Co. Contrary to general opinion,
the members of organised labor are, as
a general rule, th* abrewdeet class ot
Investors; their money ha* been earn,
ed through hard effort, and th* spsud.
lag of It Is an Important matter.
Townsite Investment* offer a larger
fleld for proflt than aay other branch
of the real estate business.
Coquitlam promisee to be a gnat
railroad and.Industrial centre and It la
this that hu attracted th* labouring
class,
Th* C. P. R. has dost mor* In laying
lta plan* for Coquitlam, than any other
olty, twenty-seven mile* of terminal
tracks hav* already been laid in the
dty limit*, and a ts-stall roundhouse
Is nearlng completion, A large shipbuilding plant, representing over 1600.
000 capitalisation, his selected Coquitlam for It* location and work Is
already under way. Numeroue other
industries hav* announced Intentions
of locating at Coquitlam. Preference
is given to union men in all of tbe important work being don* at Coquitlam,
.Relatively the (am* Over Here.
The statistician Is presenting some
figures that ahould make us feel proud
of our boasted civilisation. .The claim
Is made t hat 10,000,000 of people In
the United States are underfed; that
there is an idle army of 1,000,000 of
people that cost annually $100,000,000,
to support and that 1,000,00 ot the
working class die annually through
disease snd accidents. Peace on earth,
good-will to men," ha* a hollow sound
in this a go ot grab and greed.—
Minora' Magaslne.
But to the book. An opening Inol
dent:
"In the year 1856, the Mutiny, Lady
■—• was one evening riding, out on
horseback at Nmballa, unattended,
when the bridle of her none was suddenly aeised by a British soldier, who
was; possessed of evil designs against
her. Moat earnestly she. protested
against hi* violence and remonstrated
with him. Bealdes the wrong to her,
to Injure one of her social rank would
utterly ruin hla entire future, aa he
would be flogged and dismissed from
the service. Thereupon ensued a conversation in which he pleaded extenuation for auch a crime that she readily
accepted hi* falae atatement that there
was excuse for vice when soldiers wen
not allowed to marry. • • • The
lady later talked with high military
cfflclal* concerning the necessity of
protecting, high-born ladle* from such
by furnishing opportunities for
■exual indulgence to the British sol-
jlsriv and tiie result was the elaboration and extension of a system for the
apportionment of native women to the
regiments."
Here waa the beginning. Forty-one
years later, during which Interval C. D.
aot* had been paaaed and repealed
(and Ignored In India), and government
regulation formulated and elaborated,
a memorial signed by one hundred and
thirty-three British women, of whom
one-half belonged to the titled aristocracy, presented to th* British government on April 14, 1897, declared: "We
feel lt ta the duty of thl atat*, which
of necessity collect* together large
numbers of unmarried men In military
service, to protect them from th* con-
■equence* of evil* whloh are in fact
unavoidable. (By state regulation of
vice)."
A recent official plea for licensed
prostitution ln th* cantonments of In-
dla say*: "The effort* to teach the soldier habits of self-control hav* signally
tailed." The report of the Army Health
COMPLIMENTS
"The Week"
VICTORIA, B. C !
WILLIAM    BLAKEMORE,     EDITOR
The Oldest Music House in a C.
' Afflftlsl tht iuubm of rtlliMt tMM«V
neee Institutions In British Columbia,
none rank higher In th* stuaatton of
th* public generally, than that of M. W.
Want aad Company. Limited, whoa*
claim to being tb* oldest Musto Boas*
In B.C. remains unquestioned. Till
weir known Arm have Just completed
thttr flfttleth year of Mttv* b-uda**s
as purveyon of Musical Instruments
throughout th* Province, la celebration ot which event they held last
mouth * Golden Jubilee Aanlvenary,
which turned out to bs a moat remarkable success from every staadaolat
The history of thl* Arm la practically
the history ot the Music Business in
B.C., they having started aa their
career la the year HU, th* date of
the Incorporation of Victoria as a
City. It will be seen, therefore, that
Vancouver City, wltb lta teemlag popu-
Istldn and all** ot bualaeea tastltu-
tlons, 1* only about oae-balf the eg*
of tb* business bout* of M. W. Want
ft Co., Ltd,, which: la oertalnly a
unique tact la the history of so young
a Province as B.C. This Company
naturally points with pride to their
long and honorable career, which baa
been mad* possible by always striving
to obey tb* Gold** Rule In business
methods. The rounder, Marshall W.
Want, In th* *arly days laid th* foundation which.haa brought both success and satisfaction to himself and
his successors, on the principle ot
honesty aad square dealing with the
people, and tola high Ideal has always
been kept prominently to th* front In
ill subsequent business transections
Th*! object of the Arm haa always1
been In the past, aad is now, to give ■
their numeroue patrons tha best value
possible for the goods purchased from
them, and their long and varied experience baa enabled them to select
rith a tufi stead hsseasat,
a sesssala* floor, glvs*
> n*ta ttxM feet ail de-
Agencies boa th* dhlsnet Plane
•isnuteoturen aad NUM ■ auwOua* :
Compaalee with the *o*tttre ate**,
anee of their b*laf th* Mat obtala-
ahle In th* world. Aa aa laataso* of
the high qaaUtar ef gts-4* carried fer
this house, might be mautlmtl th*
Smous atelnway * loos Maaoa, of
•W Turk; John Brii*mwd7ot Loa-
doa, Eaglaad; NoidhtHaaer, of Toronto; New Scale WUhaas*. ef Oahawa;
Aatoptaao; and Kohler * Campbell, ot
New York, la Talking Maehlae* ta*y
carry the two beet base obtalaaM*.
Bdlaon aad Victor. with a fall Unai3:
records. The Venoouvsc Ho***,:
which U ww the Headquarter* of th*
Buslaess, to situated at IM OranvlU*
Street. The iMdMuag M three etoreys
la height with a tail i ""
which, with r
the firm five l 	
voted to the use of their retail sad
wholesale basin*** la Plaass, Player
Pianos, Oigaaa aad TaJJrJag Maahlae
Goods. "The men behind" thla thriving corporation as now cottsUtUted,
and responsible for It* modern growth.''
are Mr. Herbert Kent, Managsjg
Director of victoria, B.C.; Mr. J. W.
Bowes, Manager, Vancouver, B.C., aad
Daryl H. Kent, Secretary. Vucoflver,
B.C.   ■
While eatertag to all *nd Suadry of
the purchasing public thl* Company
nevertheless attrlbutee their mala success to the liberal patronage accorded
them from th* middle or woratag
classes, who have never yet bad their
confidence shaken ia the honor*])**
methods pursued by the MaasViemeat.
In greeting their many patrons la the i
new year now entered upon, ta* Company wishes to thank all aad sundry:
for past favors, and hope for a continuance of the mum pleasant relations during future years.
JOHN HAY
Real Estate and Flnanolal Agsnt
Qreat prosperity and substantial
growth, commercially and financially,
Is the story of Victoria for the put
few yean. Thla city Is forging itself
Into the front ranks of the up-to-date
cities of the Dominion.    A concern
.... ~„. «.», „ , _^__?_«>&__*_At «*Tta
...oclaUon ^^^^^^'^SL __**& _L^tl
THOMAi A MsBAIN
Semi-Ready Clothlar*
have lately opened a new store at (H j
Oranvllle. This Arm has been established three yean, and la the representatives of the only ind original
semi-ready clothing aold In Vanoouver. Mr. Thomaa baa been ln the
olothing businsss for IB yew* In thl*
provinoe. Mr. McBaln one been engaged In tbe clothing business for
some time In the east before he became associated with T. B. Cuthbert-
son, where he was for some yean before Joining forces with Mr. Thomaa
in the Semi-Ready. Thla company
haa alwaya been a strong friend-ef
organised labor, and 'scores" ot th*
boy* are loud In praise of tbe treat-
ment received at their hands.
TAYLOR * YOUNG, LIMITIO.
The general office of thla company
is in the Metropolitan building. Works
and ways are at 1705 Georgia atreet
The members ot this Arm sre experienced engineers. One branch of their
business Is marine engine* and all
kinds of boat building, another department being devoted to centrifugal
pumps and hydraulic machinery. Tbey
located In this olty about one year
ago.- They apeclallie In motor boata
and marine engines. Tbey have the
facilities, stoo, reputation and willingness to render special service to
every client. There.Is nothing too
small or too large for thla Arm to handle; they have covered marine ways,
fully equipped machine chop, expert
workmen and the finest wood-working
equipment for repair work on the.
Canadian coast.
EXCELIIOR  AUTO CYCLE icV REPAIR SHOP.
Th* management-of the Excelsior
Auto Cycle * Repair shop ha* requested that th* support they are giving thl* Annual Labor Review be credited to the South Vancouver section,
In appreciate not this work given them
In the paat year by that municipality.
Thla Arm Is agent for the well
known Excelsior auto cycle, and also
carry a large line ot standard-make
bicyclea. One of th* principal features ot the shop, however. It the excellent equipment for repair work.
In the event South Vancouver decides to purchase auto cycles tor Its
police department, tbl* Arm will make
some practical demonstrations of the
"Excelsior," tn the hopes of "landing"
tho contract '
auch texts aa,
that soweth to hi* flesh shall of his
flesh reap corruption," giving the Impression lt I* a religious publication.
In fact, lt I* Interspersed all through
with Scripture quotation*. Th* Introduction of a plea for the re-establlsh-
ment of the abolished system of regulation. The report state* "that a Hind-
book has been circulated to all fresh
arrival* in India," and" the closing
chapter I* a reprint of the Handbook,
whlrti 1* especially designed for any
chaplain* to circulate among soldiers
a* a "rellgloua" tract. Interspersed
with the Scripture are abominable Instruction* to the effect that a young
man who will confine his visits to the
government licensed brothel can trust
the Lord to keep him from contracting
disease. "We shall never forget what
we owe to Lord Roberta," aay* the report, and we might have anticipated
(say our authon) that the author of
the Infamous memorandum would likewise be the supporter of auch measures for the instruction of young soldiers.—Ernest Jones.
Northwest Creamery
050 Cormorant Street
Victoria. B. C.
D. W. JOHNSON
Butter tb Biggs, Fancy Groceries
Caters to patronage ot Organ-
lsed Labor
Fraser St. and 47th
1
JOHN NORBUftY
Grocer
49th and Fraser St.
among th* leading real estate Arms
ln the province, la the above Arm, located at 111 Union Bank Bldg., Victoria, B, C. Thla gentleman la well
and favorably known, both in the social and commercial world In which
he operates. He haa a rental department, manages estates, farm land,
city property, etc. He has capable
salesmen who are meeting with splendid success. The office ts Atted to supply data for anything they handle with
the latest and most adequate equipment.
VANCOUVER  ARENA  COMPANY
Georgia St
The Vancouver Arena Company has
recently started on Its second year.
Last rear, the first, waa a very profitable one and thla season conditions
are ripe for a most successful year.
The manager, Mr. Frank Patrick,
especially desires the patronage of
the union boys, and Is deserving of It
w. j. McMillan a co.
Wholesale Grocers.
This company la located at the corner of Smythe and Beatty streets.
They have been In business In thla
city for over 10 yean and are large
Importen and binder* ot tea; tha
blend* of tea aold under tbl* firm'*
name can alwaya be relied upon as
oelng of excellent quality, and reasonable ia price; In tact quality le th*
first consideration with thla Arm In all
their goods. Another representative
line of good* carried by tail concern
is tbe well-known Monarch Brands,
NEW YORK LADIES' TAILORING
CO., LTD., 1200 TO 12M HOMER ST.
The members of thi* firm are far-
seeing business men, ana have therefore established one of their up-w-dote
factoiles In Vancouver, where they
turn out E00 suits per day. These
latest style suits, dresses and waists
sre sold throughout the Dominion by
sll the lending merchsnts. If you
wsnt tho best value for your money
Insist on getting goods manufactured
by this company. Every wideawake
merchant handles their goods, and you
should not accept substitutes. When
shopping at any of the local stores
ask for the New York Ladles' Tailor-
Ing Co., Ltd., suits. Their factory la
light and airy, unlike many sweatshops
In the East.
GEORGE JONES
Thla ts wlsning you a Merry Christ,
mas and a Happy New Year from
George Jones, the popular horseshoer,
located at No. 571 Beattle street This
He Is offering one of the cleanest and Is one of the largest shops In the city.
best sports, In skating.   The charges ] This shop Is one of tbe   real busy
are very moderate and every Inducement Is being offered the skaters.
We wish to call your attention to
the hockey matches to be played
thero this season. The cream of Canada's players will be seen on the local
arena, and nothing but the fastest
Fetches will be in evidence. Mr. Pat-
ilck, the manager player of the team,
considered one of the fastest men
on skates In the northwest, should
certainly be commended and encouraged In thla undertaking of making
Vancouver a power In thla greatest of
winter sport The entire gallery at
the matchea will sell for 50 cents,
while reserved seats 'will be 11.00.
Mr. Patrick Is entitled to our entire
support not only because ot his good,
clean atntetlcs, but also because he
aaw to It tbat none but union men
were employed tn the arena's construction.
places In" this city, and the way they
turn out work la remarkable.  This Is
due to* the rapid work done by George
Jones and hla force of expert horseshoers. It Is an Inspiration to see the
masterful way even ugly horses are
handled in thie shop.
The Anglo-British Columbia Packing Co. It one of the oldest safanoa
canning concerns In British Columbia.
It was established in lid, by buying
up seven of tbe existing oannerloa on
Fraier and Skeena riven, Sine* then
other canneries have been secured or
built by the Company on Naaa River,
Rivera Inlet Seymour Inlet and Knight
Inlet, The company thus hu canneries on all th* Important rivtn In
British Columbia, and I* able to sup-
ply ail grades of fish.
No less than five different species
of salmon are used commercially, all
under their respective brands. Tb*
chief brands are:—
For Sockeye Salmon tbe "Holly
Leaf" Brand.
For Spring Salmon the /'Bed Clover
Brand.
For Ooboe Salmon the "Sweet Pea"
urand.
For Pink Salmon the "Caledonia"
Brand.
For Chum Salmon the "Salmon Fly'
Brand.
These brands are well known all
over Canada,
The canneries are all equipped with
the latest and moat modern machinery,
and special care Is taken to ensure
the careful packing and purity of the
pack. No chemicals or preservatives
of any kind are used, with tbe exception of the addition of a email quantity of fine table salt to each can.
The Sockeye salmon ts undoubtedly
the most popular, being of a dark red
color, and very oily and rich In fiavor,
It Is chiefly caught on Fraser river,
Jkcena River and Riven Inlet. Ttt
Spring salmon Is an equally fine nsav
being more delicate in flavor, but not
so dark In color. It Is In great request
on the Atlantic coast of Canada. The
Cohoe salmon comes next being
slightly lighter ln color than the
Spring salmon, and not ao oily. The
Pink salmon Is a light pink colored
fish; the flavor Is considered by many
to be equal to the other gradea of salmon, but the color la not so goad,
neither la there so much oil, Th*
Chum salmon Is th* lowest as regard*
quality. Tha color I* very pal* pink,
and there Is comparatively little oil,
It Is however a perfectly sound flab.
and is gradually finding lta way Into
consumption, where a cheap article Of
food la Imperative.
The head office ot th* company Is In
Vancouver, B.C. BAGE TWENTY-FOUR
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY.. DECEMBER 17, 1812
OTJEEY * 00.
HERBERT CURRY, Manaser.
W* aollaU tbe -ratMaaie ot Oat
Oatoa rrlaaes.
Tel. Fair. 1173L.
COR. 47th AND FRASER.
E.O.HABBI8
PLUMBER.
rrornpt aa* Bate-eat Santos.
atvar Soad aad IMaar Strsst
F.AxXINO
iptly I
Any Part.
oasaa oottaob, a. o.
T. E. LONG
antoaa anw-oto mean-as *
OoUlacwood last a, 0.
MARRW'S CAFE
Mis. A. g. Chambers.
CEDAR COTTAGE,
Sena Veaeeavn.
OASHION BROS.
Cedar Ootta**, Sana Te*ssnve*.
T. W. VINCENT
""•SJts-^aJosSfs.*"
FRASER AVE. AND PAGE ROAD.
WE SPECIALIZE IN
awnings
St Tears la tee aaeuuss.
o. swobs* a so*,
110 J
QHABrarj)
m*Wm_^_&. fbqvuios
on
SOUTH HILL.
I HE 6.9c. STORE.
Unique in lta name and meritorious:
in its character, this concern nas won:
an enviable reputation among Its customers. They are offering one of the
most varied stock of holiday goods in
their section ot town, and have many
marked inducements to offer. It will
pay you to visit tbls store at ISO Commercial street.
Twenty-five Years of Labor Movement in Vancouver
BY GEORGE BARTLEY
ONE OF THE FIRST TO DEVELOP
80UTH FRASER STREET.
A pioneer business man is always
to be credited with having had a ma-,
terlal influence ln the development of
a new business section; E. Stlgant
was one of the first grocers to leave
the bounds of the developed section;
In South Vancouver, and set a new
mark to the business district by establishing himself at 63rd and Fraser
street, where he carries a very choice
stock of grocerlea and produce. Mr.
Stlgant enjoys a large patronage from
union men and does all In his power
to accommodate them.
Matten ln labor circles few other unions than ln existence
about the beginning ot tbe here to send representatives to a meet-
year was at a lull, aB it ing to be held ln the old Sullivan hall,
were, and everything was as serene as on Cordova atreet, on tbe 21st Inst,
In Peaceful Valley. Dark clouds, how- for the purpose of taking some united
ever, began to appear on the borison,, action ln the then approaching muni-
which ere long developed Into a blglclpal elections regarding tbe proposed
strike.  The carpenters had formed a | nine-hour day and if possible to put
CASH BUSINESS BENFITS CONSUMER.
Believing that, the majority of con.
aumers realise the benefits ol a atrictly
cash business, Tennant Brothen have
opened a modern grocery and produce
store at 61st and Fraser straet. A
,iew, fresh line of stock in any bust-
jess always attracts patrons, and, tak
r.g Into consideration that both of the
boys are clean cut and courteous, tbe
success of this new store, to be known
as the T. B. Grocery, is assured.
LOCAL RESTAURANT KEEPER
Oemonetratea Demand foe Sic Meal,
Geo. H. Batcneler, manager of. the
Unique Cafe, South Vancouver, replying to the Inquiry; "Is it possible to
supply a 15-cent meal that is satlafao-
tory," said: "When 1 took over the
Unique Cafe, on tbe 2nd of October,
t directed my attention to tbe 26-cent
meal problem, and gave It considerable
study. What the reault baa been," be
added, pointing to the tablet which
were, all occupied, "you can. see for
yourself." There seems to be' little
aoubt a*, to (he success of the popular
priced meal In South,Vancouver,
purely local organisation, which went
out of existence after the trouble was
all over. All through construction
days the ten-hour day had been atrictly adhered to, but when the great
work along the railway and In towns
waa completed, large numben ot
workingmen foregathered In tbe Ter
mlnal Olty, where they found nothing
to do but bang around awaiting developments till the season for building
Opened. In tbe meanwhile there was
plenty of time for the agitation to
grow—and grow lt did. About 200 men
were enlisted. Meeting after meeting
Waa held, after which the slogan was
raised for "nine hours and 13 a day."
Of coune the C.P.R, and a few of the
leading oontracton said "no." And
the man said "yes." After a tew weeks
of bitter strife, and as the weather
was good, quite a number began to
leave the city for Seattle and other
Puget Sound points, where men were
In demsnd. In the month of February
John Houston, who had ceased pub-
BOBEBT ABMBTBOlfO
•snaps rt-aurnana-** aara
FRASER STREET,
Beevrsea task aa* ttta.
Bobinjon's Sash and Doom
s-taaot CJsaUty Work
(Ird AND FRASER ST.
■oath Vaaeeaver.
MEMBER OF AMALGAMATED OAR.
MENT WORKERS OF 8COTLAND
LOCATED AT SOUTH VANCOUVER.
John, Anderson, who conducts a tall-
orlng business on Fraser avenue at
South Vanoouver, has been a member
ot the Amalgamated Garment Work-
en of Scotland for the paat 17 yean.
Mr. Anderson sends weekly remit
tancea to his union, and la what can
be classed as a man true to the cause
for which he stands and a credit to
any community.
The People 'i Trait Oo., Ud.
D. 8 .rashleiqh, Manager.
Checks on ths Corporation of South
Vancouver Cashed.
Business Hours: 9 a-m. to s p.m.
.   Saturday,, 9 a.m. to 1 pm. (TUB
hours that suit the work-
ins man.
Encourage the children to save
their pennies In one of our savings
banks; one- dollar starti the account
SS&
AND   FRASER   STREET,'
Bill P. O. seat* Vaaosavet.
REPORT PROSPEROUS YEAR
Barr A West 'South Vancouver
Painters and Paper Hangers, report a
brisk trade for the paat year.* Large
houae painting contracts have taxed
their Institution to the limit, and
many Improvements now being installed will facilitate the handling of
their next year's business.
Especial attention ta being directed
to the sign painting'department. The
, need of a competent sign painter la
keenly felt ln South Vancouver,
UNION MASS BREAD!
FOR SOUTH VANCOUVER
R. W. Reynolds ha* opened a bakery
In South Vanoouver on Fraser street,
where union-made bread will be baked..
This wtll be a relief to many map
chants in this locality who have not
been able to procure union-made
bread In the paat, tor their customers.
SOUTH  HILL POST OFFICE SECOND ONLY TO VANCOUVER CITY
One Indication of the fast growth of
the municipality of South Vancouver,
Is the fact that the South HIU Poet
Once on Fraser avenue la now ranked
aa one of the largest In this locality,
outside of th* Vancouver olty limit*.
F. J. Rolston, the.. Reliable Oroser,
is postmaster, and his constant attention bas had much influence In placing the post office In Its present high
rating.
The Vancouver home of the
Gurney Foundry Go., Ltd.. Toronto
566 to 570 Beatty Street
suitable candidates in the field for
civic honors to uphold the shorter
work day and labor legislation ln, general.
There were present representatives
ot the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and .Joiners, Plasterers, Typographical, and Painters and Decorator's unions, the Amalgamated Society
of Carpenters and Joiners, and the
Knights of Labor. Joseph Dixon, of
the U. B, of C, presided at the meeting
and the late David Jameson) of tbe
Typographical Union, acted as secretary, An informal discussion took place
aa to the chances of securing suitable
candidates.with a hope of their election. It waa pointed out that the city
had grown in population beyrnd all expectations, and that It would be the
best policy to for ma central trades
and labor organisation Instead of placing a municipal ticket in nomination
or endorsing prospective candidates
o. ir. atraatauac
_.. Af«t Taaooaver looal oMou-
teftuutnt—tuStn— Barbers' Oslo
W«b. xtaMqaartan at Sabot Temple.
llshlng the Donald Truth, arrlved'at
New Westminster and started the
morning i ruth. One of the very tint
acts be did waa to come over to Vancouver and slse up the situation." He'
met the "boys," quite a number of
whom he knew, and told them that he
would back them up to the hilt, The
other local papers were loth to do
likewise, but not so with "John." Every morning tbe Truth was packed
from the Royal City on horseback,
sold on the streets of-Vancouver and
delivered to the houses;
the strike," tbe newsies
The city council had placed Itself
on record aa being the flrst municipal
council In Canada to vote a grant of
money—8600—to a Labor day fete.
As an evidence of the prosperity
now being enjoyed by labor in thl*
city, the purchase ot the Homer Street
Methodist church for 17,000 by tbe
T. and L. council may be cited.
, The city council waa asked to appoint labor representation on the free
library board.
*'T1h> following, con-prise the list ot
officers of T. and L. council for, new
term; Preeldent Harry Cowan; vice,
president, James Jeffrey; secretary, J.
H. Browne; treasurer, Joseph Dixon;
statistician, D.C. Harrison; sergeant-
at-arms, W. McKensle.
The candidature of Joseph H. Wat*
son for school trustee was endorsed
by organised labor.
. Messrs Monck, Paton and Bartley
represented labor at a meeting (Jan.
10th) to form an athletic association
In Vancouver.
Legislation to prohibit Japanese
being employed on work carried on
under franchises granted by private,
and public acta waa approved by organised labor,
The government was asked to stop
for cmce.   A resolution was then of- the absolute sale of land, and adopt
fend by George Bartley, of th* Typo- (he leasehold system,
graphical Union, and George Irvine,
of the Plasterers' Union,- which waa
unanimously carried, as followa: ,
Whereas—The representatives of
the different labor societies, in meeting now assembled, believe it to be
in the best Interests of alt classes of
labor that nine boura ahould constitute
the working day, and are ot opinion
that the beat means to accomplish
the same would be to organise thoroughly during the coming winter.
* "Resolved—That all labor societies
of this olty be requested to elect delegates' to a meeting to be held on December Bth, 1889, to form a tradea and
labor council tor the Olty of Vancouver."   • • . in-'  ti' ;■■'■
The spirit ot the 'foregoing resolu.
tlon waa carried out
The following ofllcen were elected
on Dec. 5, 1889: President Joseph
Dixon; vice-president. Geo. Irvine,
and secretary, David Jamleson, .
1 Among those who served as the flnt
delegates during the ensuing-half year
were: Joseph Dixon, Duncan MacRae,
F. Prosser, A V. Hamer, -W. Adams-
waite. P. P. Bishop, D. in Gunley, John
McGalty, John Hi Clarke, John A.
Clarke, David Jameaon, George Bartley, N. Shaver, D. Cameron, George
Irvine, Thos. Hallam, George Walker,
John Hardy, J.-, Swan, H. Norton, G.
Macey, J. WrWlght, J. Austin, T, C
Robertson, George H. Noopan, Wm.
B. Hughes, R, H. Henderson, D. Dear-
rin, H- H.DavIa, Hugh Wilson, WmW.
Fleming,, J, Thomas, Wm. Fowler.
1 The year 1899 was a ban-
: ner one.'' Organising Waa
the distinguishing feature,
particularly    striking   to
notice that during a period of good
•on   k      tjmes It Is not very difficult to In-
All about, crease the membership of unions-
would yell, ne« members fairly flock In—hdt It It
It   waa
and tte new morning paper a-Hnt-bad-almoBt Impossible to maintain a
a larger clrcutotlon here than at the healthy membership ln< times ol ad-
seat of publication. - tveralty and depression.'Therefore it
Joseph Dixon waa the president—; Is pleasing to those who bore the
and no fairer or more square a man brunt of "abort ups and downs and
ever took part In the labor movement thankless battles during the gloomy
—was soon listened to by the stubborn > days to see and realise so many active
employers. He had a loyal following j workers at this time. The: labor
which ia everything In time of war.[council became very active In getting
Qeorge Walker, Duncan McRae, Hugh
Wilson, Frank curry, ','.. Johnston,
W. Adamthwalte, H. Barle, A. V.
Hamer. F. Prosser and a acore or more
others took a leading part Finally the
.contractor* capitulated, and the spring
and summer ot 1889 became a hive ot
Industry.
It wu in June when the local union
decided to split into two friendly
camps.
The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Jolnera formed a branch
and elected aa its initial president W.
D. Jones; As usual In the starting of
unolns ln new towns, everything was
not what might have been,: but this
ji sanitation nourished like a green bay
tree. Later Frank * Curry became
uranch preaident and some months
afterwards the Untied Brotherhood of
Jarpenters and Jolnera-waa organised;
At Intervals during the summer the
carpenters aa well aa other unlona
held mass meeting* and did little else
but organisation work.. "".'■:
Tbe Knights of Labor after Its very
strenuous campaign against Chinese
cheap labor, began to take on new lite,
namely, Independent political action,
and single- tax, and there it' stuck till
It gave up the ghost - Coos Pollay, the
secretary, devoted a large'amount of
hla time to the cauae. But the days of
the nouie Knlghta were numbered, and
the old movement of industrial unionism—namely that all workera belong
to one body—waa being broken up by
the American Federation of Labor. It
waa now Powderly versus Gompers,
and It need not be said tbat tbe cfatt
organisations soon came from .under
the wing of the K. of u and joined
tbe A. F. of L,. In passing it may
be stated that the once ..powerful in'
dustrlal organisation of over 1,260,000
members now started a new m'ovement
but it was too late. It was tbat the
Ironworkers and all Its branches
should elect Its own .executive body,
and manage Its own affairs. Other
crafts were expected to do likewise—
suoh as the woodworkers, tobacco
workers) printing trades, etc.'*
It wss during the litis fall when the
carpenters sent out Invitations to the
up a large labor day demonstration,
and it was particularly noticeable that
many of Vancouver's 'pioneer labor
men were' not In harness during this
notable year on Committee work, but
were ncne the less Interested ln the
work of organised labor, and also In
the way in whioh the- Labor day celebration was handled—for lt waa the
largest of any heretofore attempted
In the" provinoe, The Old nationalist
party had ceased to exist, and, the
labor party was meeting with opposition from unexpected sources. There
was a rapid change taking place ln
labor politics. The socialists began
to.put in an appearance, and started
(tut to "paddle their-own- canoe." New
parties Were to be born, and flnt
came the' Conservatives; then the*
liberals?- The old labor party, lost
many of its-former memhen to the
new Socialist organisation,
■•:   ■*.' V. LOPTOrS
Saantaiy   Yaaeenver
amptoyeas, "
...   aaUway
ao. un.
The labor day committee comprised: Messrs. A. Sykes, W. Talt, Geo.
Greenwood, J. Williams, W. Davis, G.
Thomas, G. Francis, J. Pearey, C. R.
Monck, C, McDonald, Geo, Bartley, J.
Sperrlng, S. C. Campbell.
A speaker at the Labor Council
stated that tbe Doukhohors and Gala-
clans cut wood at Winnipeg for 30
cents a cord.
The T. and L. Council wanted tbe
City Council to appoint a practical
building Inspector,
Delegates from the Socialist Trades
and Labor Alliance refused seats at
T. and L. Council meetings.
John Pearey and Joesph Dixon were
elected (Sept. 16th) president and
vice-president respectively to fill
Vacancies.
The City Counoll was Interviewed
(October) by representatives of labor
regarding the union label and proposed Sunday closing of barber shops
The C. P. R. machinate went on
strike.
Eugene V. Debs lectured at tbe opening of the new Union hall On October
26th.
Postmen's grievances thoroughly In-
vestlgated by a committee ot T. and
L, oouncll and laid before the Postmaster-General at Ottawa.
j Organlted labor "deplored" the pro-
noisition of the City Council to cut oft
»he aldermanlc annual allowance, and
"serve-tor honor."
> Messrs. J. Morton, Geo Bartley and
D. C. Harrison were elected to attend a provincial labor conference
(December 8th).
The bakers adopted a new wage
■schedule.
: The provincial labor congress held
a meeting In Union Hall on December
20th, delegates being present from
Victoria, Nanalmo and Vancouver. It
waa unanimously carried that a
bureau of labor statistics be formed,
and after a lengthy discussion on tbe
Compulsory Arbitration Act lt waa
amended so that lt both parties to the
dispute agree to have the case settled
by arbitration, then the decision of
the arbitration must be accepted
With regard to tbe legal eight-hour
day, lt waa. agreed that lt would be
better for one trade at a time to petition the Government to enact such a
statute, aa there will be no likelihood
Of such trade obtaining Its desires
The matter ot political agitation by
labor organisations was not considered for lack of time. It was unanimously adopted that a provincial congress be held annually.
*. xt. wasT
Assessor municipality of South Taaoo*-
ve&.,
Tempi*,   '
The demand for office Furniture- of original design ia increasing every season. We manufacture and
design furniture of pvery'description. An office furnished artiaticslly nnd r*ror*rJa--b-r.:ra.BJywi. iiaaa
much satisfaction nt it does tho owner.-  The Municipal Hall of South Vancouver-was furbished hym |
I ABB AGENTS FOR
Macey Interchangeable Cabinets
Sectional Bookcases-
All Steel Cabinets
Cabinet Safes
Desks, Chairs, Rugs, Etc.
WEBSTER, H&NNA GO, LTD.
418 CORDOVA STREET WEST
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
President Harry Cowan drew the
attention of the T. and L. council
(February 17th) to the fact that the
dominion government had just granted a lease ot Deadman'a Island to a
Chicago Arm tor a mill site for a
period-of 21 years at tbe nominal sum
of 1500' per annum. The following
motion of Messrs Harrison and Davidson waa then carried by the council
unanimously:
"Resolved—That the Vancouver
Trades and. Labor Council places It
self on record as condemning the action of the Dominion Government In
granting a lease of Deadman's Island
for commercial purposes."
In a few days' time the question
had become a bitter partisan affair,
on which organlted labor became
divided; for at the regular meeting
(March 3rd), it is recorded that the
above motion waa rescinded, and one
carried after a very animated discus,
i Ion In favor of the lease of Dead-
man's Island "or any other foreshore
around the city for manufacturing
purposes"
President Cowan was then at Oo
tawa on a citizen's deputation favoring the' control of the Island by tbe
city, when be was telegraphed tbe
new resolution, and he returned to
Vancouver.    "'.
Aa a result of this regrettable controversy a new set of officers were elected: President, James Jeffrey; vice-
president, J. Pearey; secretary, D. C.
Harrison; treaeurer, C, R. Monck;
statistician,. J.: T. Bruce; auditors,
Meters Davis, McAllister, and Paul.
Woods versua C..P. R. The Jury
awarded Wooda 16,600, The Judge
overruled, and gave decision In favor
•>f defendants. W. Woods lost his
loot while working as brakesman.
The Labor Council favored technical
schools (March Slat).
The- olarki held a meeting (April
18th) in Market hall, and Inaugurated
the early closing movement. -
The tailors declarer a strike (April
6th), and received the support of or
organised labor re eight hour day tor
won,.   .
The bricklayers were granted their
demand for 60 cents an hour,
Jamea Wllks, vice-president of T.
and L, Congress of Canada, addressed
organised labor re eight hour day in
the mines (April I«h).
Japanese, registration frauds.
John,Pearey, John Morton.and J. H.
Watson, appointed a committee to Inaugurate a movement whereby the city
acquired False Creek data and foreshore (April 28th).
The site and building committee for
Labor Hall appointed (May 12th) as
follows: Delegates Rumble, Bruce,
Podge, Miller, Morrison, Moran, McDonald, Watson, Anderson, Wilkes,
Bartley, Thomas, Peele, Edwards, Williams, Davis, Coghlan, Morgan, Montgomery, Dixon.
Robt. MoPheraon, M.P.P., sent to T.
and L. Council the Government's reply
(Premier Chas. A. Semlln), which was
as follows:
1, Free school books: This would,
of course, require legislation. If there
la a hardship in the present system
we may arrange to print the necessary
books at the Government printing
office, and supply them at cost to the
scholars.- <
2. Bight-hour a legal day: We are
not sure that what we might be able
to do In this, direction would enure to
the benefit of labor In this province,
and cannot in any case do anything
without legislation,
3. A minimum wage clause In Government contracts: We cannot see
any practical - way to give effect to
this without opening the door popslbly
to grave Injustice and hardship In In.
dividual cases.
4, Limitation of Government contracts to British subjects: This Is
practically the rule now, hut to make lt
an absolute condition: would not be advisable, a* In tbe case of some kinds
of work tbere might otherwise be very
tittle chance of competition ln the
tenders.
■ Officers for the new term (July 7th)
were elected by the T. and L. Council
is follows: President, James Jeffrey;
vice-president. John Pearey; secretary,
D, C. Harrison; financial secretary, J.
H. Watson; treaeurer, C. R. Monck;
statlstlclsn. J. T, Bruce; sergeant-at-
arms, H. W, Morgan;
A FEW THOUGHTS POR STRIKERS.
By W. B. PARKER.
President Guelph, Ont,,  Leader and
Labor Council.
Trade Unionism had a long and
bloody flght before tt won tbe right to
organise, but today few men, however
hostile to the cause of Labor, would
dare deny thla right.
It la now generally admitted that
workingmen have the right to organ
Ice, for mutual help, provided tbey do
nothing with their unions except to
hold meetlnga and pass resolutions.
If the labor Unions did nothing else
than call attention to the misery that
abounds, their existence would be )un-
tlfable; but they have shown the
causes They have done more. They
have produced remedies, upon the merits and demerits of which professors,
editors and ministers now discuss and
advocate.
Labor Unlona have produced thinkers and educators from out of their
own ranks, and have drawn students
and teachers trom the wealthy and
professional.
And while doing this they have bettered the conditions of thousands of
families, by securing higher wages,
°horter hours and greater Independence, Individually and collectively.
The result Is something to be proud
of.
' The carpenters, printers, clgarmakers, clerks, shoemakers, tailors, molders and a number of other crafts,
working long hours on short rations,
have stepped bold y to the front and
worked revolution In American
thought; a fact beyond contradiction,
"lobbed of their store, he seas the poor
Go starving In tbe land,.
That grunting greed may overfeed,
And wealth and state command.
"lut Labor's eyes are growing wise,    .
And Labor's arm Is strong;
And day and night he means to flght
- To right the bitter wrong,
Anatomical Shoe Store
Parke Houston, Prop.
' Union Men's Work Solicited,
essa ruin a*, op. son avn.
H. A. DANE
CORNICE   WORK,  SKYLIGHTS,
HOOFINO, HOT AIR HEATING A SPECIALTY.
tiaa hub nana* south,
Vancouver, a. 0.
Office Phone, Fair. 1107.
J, B. NEWALL
aronrtmasTS,  a-aaosToa-m, ,
cvbbs, bto.  ..
Offloa aid Works cor Traaar aad
Xanelniiton Avenues.
SOUTH VANCOUVER.
Cedar Cottage Pharmacy
Laldlaw & Cunningham.
SBCOOISX* ABB (TAnOBBBS.
3S0O COMMERCIAL ST.
Cedar Cottage.
WATTS HARDWARE 00.
Succe-sOiM to Butley Hardware Co.
a. H. Watt>. Manager.
K07 COMMMCIaYI. ITBUT,
South Tuoouvw.
HAMILTON BROS;
. naxsBTABTjro.
Between 48th and 49th Avenues.
Donaldion & MoDonald
Bay, Oiala and Pesd
«ai* auxsT ta. '
THE WATSON HARDWARE
BUILDERS' AND HOUSEHOLD HARDWARE
Fraser Ave & 60th. Ave.
A THRIVING CONCERN
The Vancouver Carriage and Implement Co., while not, strictly speaking,
a South Vancouver Institution, being
located at 1020 Main atreet, appear In
this section for the reason tbat they
have from time to time been favored,
with business from -the municipality
of South Vancouver, and they wish to
show their appreciation In giving support to this section, which Is devoted
to the interests of South Vancouver.
J. L. Dobbins, the manager of tbia
company, assures that hla attitude to.
ward organized labor, is one of tbe
friendliest. Mr. Dobbins ts a member
ot the commercial Travelers, and haa
•ad a large opportunity to compare
different cities. About Vancouver he
says: "It ia the best ever," Tbe Vancouver Carriage and Implement Oo, la
agent for Fish-Racine Wagons and J.
1. Case plows, also well-known lines
of Implements. They have representatives covering British Columbia with
their line. The need for an Institution
of this kind Is keenly appreciated In
thla locality, and the liberal patronage
received Is good evidence of appreciation hy Vancouverttes.
HEKLA CA8H STORE
The Hekla Cash Store at 47th and
Fraser street Is owned by Oddstead ft
Johrson. It was opened laat July,
md alnce then has worked Itself Into
a substantial business that keeps both
of the own°rs busy. They assure or-
ginised labor of a very friendly spirit.
E. COLE
The E. Cole Department Store on
Fraser street Is a store, where the
union man finds not only practically
any article he wants, but an a mot-
phere of frlend'lness toward organlted
labor which cannot be mistaken. Mr.
Cole la personally the aotlve manager
of his store, consequently customers
are assured every attention. A matter not to be omitted, Is the public
spirit be bas sbown In municipality
affairs.
UNION STORE, Wm. P. Lynott, Clothier...... .....782 Main St.
II. A. DANE, Cornice Work, etc 1123 Main St.
CEDAR COTTAGE PHARMACY   3500 Ctinroercial St.
DONALDSON & McDONALD, Hay, Grain, Feed 4213 Main St.
OASHION' BROS:; Grocers  .':...::....._.".:.'."";.." Coder Cottage.
. M ARFSW'S CAFE, A'H. Chambers, Prop................. Cedar Cottage
W. V. JONES, Millinery       Fraser St. ft 56th Avenue.
THE EXCELSIOR AUTOOYCLB CO, .512 Richard* St.
TUB WEBSTER HANNA CO., Office Outfitters ........ 416 Cordova St.
B. C. GRANITOID 4 CONTRACTING, LTD...... Etchanve Building.
J. a: KERR, Real Estate..  3332 Main SI.
R. JOHNSON, Meat Market Bo. Vancouver, B.C.
C. OARDNBR JOHNSON ft CO., Bldg. Materiel, Johnson's Wharf.
JOHN NORBURY, Groceries  .......:......'...,; So. Vancouver, B.C.
ODDSTAD ft JOHNSON; Oroesra :............. Bo. Vancouver, B.C.
E, COLE, Groceries ...,..; So, Vanccuver, B.O.
J. b; NEWALL, Monuments, eto Frsser and Kensington Ave,
HERBERT CURRY, CURRY ft CO, Groceries, etc., 8. Vancouver.
ROBINSON'S SASH ft DOORS,  63rd and Fraser Sts.
THE WATSON HARDWARE. Fraser Ave, and 60th Ave.
T. W. VINCENT, Groceries, etc.      58th and Fraaer Ave*.
CHARLES HILL, Notions, etc  46th and Fraser St.
C. H. JONES ft SON, Awnings, Tents, etc, ...110 Alexander St.
COPE ft SON, Electrical Supplies 132 Water St.
ANATOMICAL SHOE STORE, Parke Houston .6362 Fraaer St.
E. G, HARRIS, Plumber River Road and Fraser St.
THE PEOPLE'S TRUST CO, LTD. ..:.. 49th Ave. and Fraser St.
ROBERT ARMSTRONG, Men's furnishings and hats....Fraser St,
CANADIAN MINERAL RUBBER CO., LTD., 46 Hastings St., W,
- CHAS. FIELD, Grocer, etc Ferris Road and Fraaer Ave.
r)-*MIN!ON CREOS0TING CO., LTD., Box 143 Vancouver, B.C.
VANCOUVER CARRIAGE ft IMP CO., LTD ...1020 Main Street
PIONEER HARDWARE STORE, T. Fox, 51st Ave. and Fraser St.
BARR ft WEST, Painters, etc Fraser St. and 49th Ave.
JOHN ANDBR30N; Tailor So. Vancouver, B.C.
CAMBRIDGE BAKERY, R. W. Reynold So. Vancouver, B.C.
UNIQUE CAFE, Geo, H. Batcbeler, Prop	
HA MILTON. BROS., Undertakers 6271 Fraser St.
TENNANT BROS., Grocers   Fraser St. and 61st Ave.
E. STIOANT, Grocer 63rd Ave. and Eraser St.
MoDOWELL-MOUAT COAL CO. 401 Oranvllle St.
SO. VANCOUVER BUILDERS SUPPLY CO:, 61stAv. ft Fraser St.
H. P. WAND, Chief Fire Dept So. Vancouver, B.O,
CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE So, Vanccuver, B.C.
F. J. ROLSTON, Postmaster So. Hill.
EDWARD LIP8ETT, Sail, Tent Maker 08 Water St.
COLUMBIA BITULITHIC CO.... 23  Fairfield St.
F. Ayling, Grocer  8541 Commercial Drive
. T, B. LONG, Singer Machines, etc  Colllngwood.
S. F. MUNSON, Real Estate  Pender ft Homer Sts.
PORT MOODY SAND ft GRAVEL CO., LTD, 222 Winch Building.
CHAMPION ft WHITE, Ssnd and Gravel, Foot of Oranvllle Bride*.
VANCOUVER HAT FACTORY, M, C. Astrup, 103 Cordova St. W.''
WESTERN CANADA POWER CO., LTD.  Carter-Cotton Bldg.
UNION STORE, Wm. P. Lyncott, Clothier 732 Main St.
g___
r ;■,.K-^-•-'■■--•"•■"■
„-L.;.-..--■ ■■ -■■ •^-•■■i^-JMi-±-^£1—:---*

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