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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 10, 1913

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:%F\l \tEAB. NO. 91
No. 70 . Watch yolir ftddreu label.
YAffCOUVElB, BXtlflffiiAY, JAMJAi# 10, 1913.
The true story of the utter wretchedness of the conditions ot work and
wages on construction of the Orand
Trunk Pacific, and particularly ■ thai
portion of It through Northern British
Columbia, Is slowly reaching the ears
of those who are really Interested In
exposing the coarse and brutal swindles that are being perpetrated In the
railway construction camps of the
One man who has lately penetrated'
Into this country has come back to tell
tie tale of Ms experiences and what
he has observed and heard while within the construction sone, which Is ruled
over by an aggregation of coarse ruf-
~ ho do business under the name
of Foley, Welsh ft Stewart—Foolem,
Workom ft Starvem Is what they have
been dubbed by those unfortunate
workingmen who have fallen Into their
clutches. The story of their dealings
nnd treatment of workingmen who
have heen lured by them Into their
exploiting ground Is one of the most
extreme cases that has ever oome
unoer our notice, Hen are hired under
contract ln foreign countries by promises of steady work at their trades at
good wages and free transportation to
where the work Is. Their tools and
belongings are surrendered Into the
hands of the company's employment
bureau sharks with the promise tbat
they will be forwarded at once and
with them, but that Is the last they
ever see of them.' As a rule the men
aie taken by rail to Tete Juan Cache
v'a Fdmonton and there loaded on
scows and taken down the river hundreds ot miles' to various construction
camps. Just as soon aa they come
Into contact with "P., W. ft 8." their
troubles commence. If they look anyways "easy" they are made to work
their passage on the scows by doing
all the bard work, snd they afterwards
are charged fare and passage on the
trip. Arrived at the camp they are
told there is no work for them at their
trades or on the conditions which they
were originally hired and they will
have to work as common laborers with
, pick and shovel or any other work
they may be set at. The wages run
from (1.15 to 32.26, One dollar per
day Is charged for board, 25c per
month Is charged for mall they never
get, and one dollar per month for a
doctor they never see; the price of a
pair of hoots Is lit to $14, and other
things ln proportion.
One man, after working tor . the
company a. week, discovered he .was
1,-iJ In debt, so he struck out over the
"trail of death" In an effort to escape
' from this peon colony of the north,
and truly the road to escape from the
clutches of these exploiting pirates is
a trail of death. Once arrived at the
construction camps there is no return
for the unfortunate who has been lured*
thither, because the company sees to
It that he Is not alloyed to return by
their boats, and there is no other way
unlsss tb walk through hundreds of
miles bt wilderness, without food, as
' W. AS." will neither give nor sell
them even a pound of flour to keep
them from perishing. The only chance
for escape lies In building some kind
of a raft and floating'down the river.
This method would not be so bad were
It aot that between the construction
camp and the settlements lower down
the river lies the canyon of the
Fnser, where the waters of the river
rush through a narrow cleft of rock
with terrific force and form a whirlpool on the other aide which will upend huge logs and suck them down as
If they were so many straws. This Is
the desth trap that awaits the refugee
seeking escape from "F., W. ft 8."
Sixty-four bodies of dead men were
taken from below this spot this year,
and how many more have gone to
their death In a like manner only the
great Book ot Judgment will reveal.
That there must have been many goes
without question, because, as one man
described the situation, there are three
sets' of men therer-one gang coming,
one gang working and another gang
going or seeking to escape.
The stories of hardship and outrage
perpei rated upon workingmen by "■•'.,
W. ft Si" by means of their ruffianly
Ktinmen and slave drlvcre, would make
chattel slavery in the south seem Quite
humane and tolerable by comparison,
An Instance war told of a Spaniard
who was brought Into camp Mile 28,
B.C. He tried to make a break for*
liberty and the "herder" shot   him
OonncU, was win opea
nasi OoBTaattoa of she ». 0. .
tlon ot Labor la the Capital oil
MoaOay Ssotalaf.
through the let, and he Is now l/lms
dangerously wounded at Mile 63, B.C.,
If he has not since died of his wound
and treatment, The oold-blooded nature ot the shooting forced some farcical kind of a trial ot the brute who
did It. He waa brought up before one
McCormack, an "F„ W. 8." employee,
who holds also an appointment himself from tbe B. C. Government. Tbere
was also a-local magistrate associated
with him on the bench. The result of
this farcical prosecution was that tbe
gunman was fined one hundred dollars
and let off. He Immediately beat lt
back eaat where he will be hidden
from further prosecution hy bis
Meads, the contractors, but he cannot
McBride tgLaltOr Cpmmisshr^Stand back, this Is no job for meddling novices; I want my
Business Agent to settle this trouble for me*
What Is to Ba the Next Collective
Move on the Part of Organ-
lied Labor?
The eyes of the. membership of the
organised labor movement ot British
Columbia will be focused on the Capt.
tal City during the coming week.
On Monday delegates to the third
annual convention of the B. C. Federation of. Labor, from Prince Rupert In.
the north to Michel In the east, wilt
convene at Victoria for the purpose of
reviewing the efforts of the year Just
passed, passing upon the report of the
executive and other committees, and
introducing and discussing such other
matters as may appear to union representatives as worthy of attention.
One of the first questions likely to
hide from the guilt ot murder of which' receive the attentioa-ot the convention
he Is guilty.
No wonder men take their lives ln
their bands In a desperate effort to
make their escape (rom this hell ot
exploitation. A passenger on the
steamboat which runs on the Fraser
river says he saw one refugee floating
down the river on a raft so frail that
lt was miraculous how he kept his balance. The skipper of the steamboat,
noticing his plight and fearing,that
the'wash ot the steamer would capsise
the crasy craft, had the kindness to
stop the steamer's paddles until the
poor devil was a safe distance away.
And it Isn't only the wage staves
brought In for exploitation over whom
Foley, Welsh ft Stewart tyrannise.
Miners, prospectors and travelling
civilians are made to feel the weight
of tbelr presumption and privilege.
An Instance is told of one Bdouard
Jonas, who holds a free miner's license from the B. C. Government, who
had Btaked a mineral   claim   on an
Buyers now not only save money
but they get the same reliable
stocks as we sell the year round
as a medium to clear out seasonable lines, so that we shall not
carry goods from one season to
another. Adopting this method
our stocks are continuously fresh
Everything in the Store
Reduced During Sale
With the exception of liquors, groceries and
a few contract lines
will be the attitude of the Federation'
towards the' recently appointed
"labor" commission, which Is to sit
In Victoria during the first of the
The provincial legislature will also
convene on Thursday, so that there la'
a busy week ahead ln legislative)
Arrangements have been completed
by the executive committee of tha
Federation to print the proceedings ot
the convention In The B, C. Federatlonist ot January 24, Instead ot in
book form as heretofore, with a view1
to placing a more comprehensive review and record before the affiliated
union membership of the province',
without delay.
Stay  away
Strike on I
from   Porcupine, Ont;
Halibut Fisherman's Strike
Between western gales and nom-
union crews, the halibut flshermeio
bosses out of Seattle aro having a few
troubles of their own. A one-tent'h
catch, loss of dories and two Inexper I-
enced fishermen was the result of on e
returned ship laat week.
Preparing for Tomorrow.
The China Merchants' company Ib
placing an order In England for four
liners which will be available for the
training of cadets and transformation
Into auxiliary cruisers,
Hudson's Bay Stores
island In the Fraser river opposite
Mile 63, which is a headquarters of
these contractor brigands. Jonas bail
done his assessment work on tht
claim, hiring men to help him In de»
veloplng lt. A henchman of Foley,
Welsh ft Stewart, who was also a provincial constable of B. c, had this
Impudence to cross over to the islanil
and endeavor to drive him off bin
claim. Jonas, however, refused to bo
bluffed, but the rascally crew played
another card. Pretending friendship,
the oompany hired htm to run a scour
down the river to.Fort George at |ii
per day, a distance of 150 miles.
When he got back he found the company had entered and taken possession of his claim and built storehouse!!
and other buildings thereon.
Another story which illustratesi
their characteristic callousness Is thai: |
of a certain man In the employ of thei
C. N. R. who was sent by his company
to trace a car of bridge timber which
had gone astray over the G. T, P. In.
the course of his Journey he arrived at;
a place called Fltzhugh. Here he
found a number of women and children,
who had been compelled to pass a.
cold winter's night out of doors and
exposed to severe weather, there being'
no station accommodation, while all.
the time they were thus suffering a.
train stood on the track, heated and
lighted, but the blackguards who do
the bidding of their masters would not
allow them to enter and pass the night
in the train.
These are not exceptional Incidents,
but Just a few of what are ordinary
happenings that came under the notice
of a gentleman who had business of
his own which took him into the country. This same man has been a pioneer on three continents—Australia,
Africa and America—and he says that
nowhere has he ever seen anything to
il the rawness of the methods of
ft Stewart. The con-
camps are unspeakably
sanitary   and the usual
ivara   and  smallpox,
impany such condl-
looked for most any
the spring,
L. T. B.   .
A little old
tab called the Checlakee, plying
along the Inland northern coast,
owned by the Union Steamship
Co., capetied last Tussdey after-
neon at Van Anda, and at least
four parsons were drowned.
The Cheelskee, to those who
know, le ssld to have been less
seaworthy than s fishermen's
aery. ''-."*:- >-,
Thst such, along with others,
are licenced to carry passengers
at all Is one or the mysterlee
beyond the ken ef any but those
seeking profit, even at the expense ef human'-r*V. - -,** "'■ •
Thoee responsible for the7
Cheelakee'S being still In commission should be arrested for
Porcupine Miners' Strike
The mine operators of the Porcupine mining district are making desperate efforts to secure stnaebreakere
to take the places of the striking
miners. Their agents have canvassed
all the principal cities and towns of
Canada and as yet, they have failed
to secure a class of men to operate
the mines.
The majority of men brought to
Porcupine have been lured under misrepresentation and when reaching the
strike district and discovering that
there Is a strike against a reduction
of wages, the most of them refuse to
accept employment. The thugs of the
Thiel Detective Agency are busy In
an effort to stir up trouble; bat tbe
strikers are keeping their heads on
their shoulders and are not permitting
themselves to be goaded to acts of
violence. The strikers are standing
Arm and feel positive that.they will
win the strike.
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council will not meet next
Thursday, Its regular meeting
night, but on Thursday evening,
Jan. 23rd. This because a number of the delegates will be absent attending the third annual
convention of the B. C. Federation of Labor at Victoria during
the coming week. Further
nominations and election of officers for the ensuing term will
be one ot the features of the
meeting, and every delegate to
the central labor body should be
McLeod A SttitaDo Dirhr Work
for Km Owners in Effort
;       to Defeat W, F. of M.
The mlnen' strike of lock-out in the
Porcupine district has proved to be
somewhat of a surprise party to the
mine owners. Despite dally press re
puns to the effect that the "strike was
over," tne bosses are in sore
straights to secure strike-breakers
willing to accept the reduced wages
ottereU the members of the Western
Federation of Miners, namely 13.25 a
day; and in addition paying 11.50 per
month tor medical attention that they
do not receive.
During the past week Messrs. McLeod ft Stein, 13 Falrneld Bldg., corner Pender ami Granville street, Vancouver, have been trying to hire scabs
to go east' to break the strike, admitting, however, that there Is a strike
Upon telegraphic Instructions from
the mine owners of Porcupine, the
Vancouver scab procurers have offered
to advance railway fare, pay 38.25 a
uay, charge six bits a day for board
and $1.60 a month for doctors' fees,
it the victim remains in the employ
of the strikebreakers three months,
railway transportation one wai will be
•refunded; If elx months can be en-
dured, the amount deducted for board
will also be refunded, along with travelling expenses while en route to the
For a strike that Is "practically
settled" the above Inducements appear
Co be rather an expensive hero pre-
Since the change of regime at Ottawa, the Canadian manufacturers
have not ceased la divers ways to
court, cajole, wheedle and whine for a
reversal of the Dominion Immigration
policy so that absolute tree 'trade In
all kinds of labor might be established
—preferably of course with the arrangements (a the hanos ot their own
agents, The publicity departments of
the railway and shipping agencies
have circulated every Item which could
be strained to mak saeh a course seem
necessary. The "charitable" aide to
migratory capital have plvked up
their lost threads and are. endeavoring
to regain their   old-time   flourishing
Quite a few Job-seekers trom Seattle
have already been secured In Vancouver, and were shipped under
special supervision during the week.
Sunday, Jan. 12—Stage Employees.
Monday, Jan. 13—GlassWork-
ers, Lathers, Electrical Workers
113, Bro. of Carpenters, Amal.
Tuesday, Jan. 14—Sign Painters, Shinglers, Pressmen, Amsl.
Carpenters, Stone Cutters, Bricklayers.
Wednesday, Jan. 16 —Cement
Workers, Tile Layers, Amal. Carpenters, Street Rallwaymen,
Plunbers, Steam Engineers.
Thursday, Jan. 16 —Pattern
Makers, Malntalnance of Way
Employees, Ship Carpenters,
Painters, Sheet Metal Workers,
Railway Carmen.
Friday, Jan. 17—Upholsterers,
Electrical Workers 611, Civic
Employees, Molders, Granite Cutters.
District 6 of the Western federation
of Miners, having Jurisdiction over all
employees In and around the metallferous mines and smelters of the province, some weeks ago made application to the federal Department ot Labor for Ave boards of Inquiry, as a
legal preliminary to the enforcement
of a new wage scale covering several
mining camps In West Kootenay. The
Department has decided to merge the
duties ot oneboard to cover the live
applications. C. H. Hamilton, K. 0„
has been letalned by the mine owners
to represent their Interests; the miners have named J, W. Bennett, of Ferule, and these two have agreed upon
W. H. Bullock-Webster, ot Victoria, as
chairman. The flrst sitting ot the
board'was scheduled for last Monday
at Nelson. In view of the fact that
the miners have the power to enforce
their demands, there Is every probe-
blllty ot a "finding" by the board that
will prove acceptable to both parties
to tbe dispute. The miners have had
no general raise ln wages for twelve
i ot ■nsicua Cttauflt-
Xaaaer OssWrses oroaa-
i Saves sssplaaiser
As to These on the Inside.
The report ot the Provincial Public
Hospital for the Insane, at New West-
minster, for December, states that
there was a total of 568 males and 232
females under treatment at the end of
the month. Twent-tbree males and
nine females were admitted during the
transportation business. The famous
"Hawkes report' has been hawked by
them-ln the British press Until lt Is aa
stale there aa lt Is In Canada. Deputations of manufacturers and Immigration boosters in various guises have
waited upon the Dominion government,
but with what effect does not yet appear In the shape Of any extensive
alteration of policy In regard to the
reetriettoas -of the rsimsgrstlon act
The activity and persistence shown
will make it very necessary for the.
workers to watch the administration
ot the act ln the immediate future.
The Issuance of new instructions to
the ofilcers responsible can effect
changes ln policy where actual repeal
or "order ln council" would be undesirable. One thing Is certain—the
"charitable" agencies have received
some intimation that their operations
will be easier tn future than has been
the case for some years past
Cunard Compsny's Scheme.
We are familiar with the publicity
games ot the C. P. R„ the U, T. R„
and the C. N. R.; and now come* the
Cunard Shipping Company with a
bolder scheme than any hitherto:
An official of the company's Canadian service described the scheme to
the "Dally Sketch" (London, Eng.)
"We propose to collect passengers
emigrating from any part of the
United Kingdom in London, take them
to Waterloo station, and) thence send
them to Southampton In the charge of
a special conductor—probably one conductor to each party of a hundred and
fifty persons. The conductor will not
onl ysee his proteges safely on to the
vessel, but will stay with them
throughout the voyage, and as each
official will be perfectly conversant
with Canadian conditions, and will
have practically eight days during
which his whole business wtll be to
look after his charges, the emigrants
will be able to acquire much useful information, and In turn, will be able to
Indicate what they exactly hope to do
on tbe other side.
"Arrived at Quebec, they will be
met by other Cunard representatives,
who will render any assistance that
may be required. In addition, there
will be a labor exchange opened In
Toronto, where we shall collect the
requirements of Canadian employers
of labor, and, as   far   as   possible,
place emigrant* la saitaMo sitaeUsaa,
"There haa been a tryste* of tMa
kiad relating to -to-nettle aarv-Mttaad
the   Caaard
scheme will go further, aari trill deal
with skilled artisans ln any trade."    .'
The Panama Caaal.
- Repeatedly assurances are grata
oheap labor for the West will he a
result of tha Panama opeoitsg. Takoe
together with the movesaaat of Brits*
landlords and capitalists to British Oa-
lumbla and tha grip wUa*. Vm Ufa
getting on the reeoerose of (he •mess-
try, snob netes aa that aajieslas ta
the "UverpaM Journal of Oosuseroe"
are -ugnls^smnt;
"Although nothing definite is aa ret
ascertained, It 1» understood that considerable stteatloo is how being glvea
to the poeelblllty of developtag the Is>
cine Slope aa a said for ettlgrstloa
In the ordinary coarse of events there
It bound to be a big expantloa ol
trade with the Wtot Coast of Canada
and the Ualted States when tie Pa»
una canal ia opened, bet It la said
that several steamship Haas iatead te
oarry steerage passengers to Baa
Pedro, Baa Francisco, Taeeaa, Seattle,
Portland, Vancouver and other ports,
at fares not very much higher than
those now charged to New York, fit
any rate the Norddeataoher Uayd
waa some time ago credited with the'
Intention of doing so, aad the report
bas never been ormtradlcteu. Nearly
all the companies Interested ba the
route have already. Investigated the
'acuities available at the various Fa*
cific Coast centres.".-.
Another Colonisation Seheme.
London, Eng., Canadian Mall, NOT.
36—The latest member of tha British
nobility to acquire large land holdings
In Western Canada Is Lord Jotoey,
a millionaire and the owner ot many
collieries, who haa pursaaaed 24,M0
acres of farm land near Fort George,
B.C., on the Grand Trunk Psclnc, for
which he paid nearly WW.OoO. It te
reported that he Intends to embark
upon a colonisation scheme, sendlag
people from his British estates to settle In British Columbia.
Canada a Mecca for Wife Deserters,
The experience of societies, cotnmlt-
tees, etc., granting assisted passage
to emigrants and the history of their
efforts to collect even a portion of the
sum advanced is one of miserable
failure; and the Salvation Army la
the only agency which claims to have
any success ln collecting bad debts
from Immigrants, u A'newa Item freer
Scotland (for which we quote the
Torkahlre Post) Indloates that a whole,
sale pumping policy and a struggle to
produce record Immigration figurta *
introduce* element* Into Caaadtaa life
that are undesirable from '
well as the more famUlf
Bonusing Prospective Job-Seekers.
Australia's maternity bonus of |25
for each child born In tbe Commonwealth Is proving Immensely popular.
Administrators are receiving 300 applications dally, which Is equal to 75 per
cent, of total number of births. Since
the aot was psssed 137,600 has been
distributed among the mothers ln the
Shingle Weavers' Convention.
The official call for the annual convention of the international Shingle
Weavers' Union bas been Issued. The
convention will hold Its sessions ln
Portland, commencing January 16.
The convention will arrange details
for enlarging the Jurisdiction of the
organisation and povlde means for
conducting an active organising campaign for 1318. Geo. Heatherton, of
Vancouver, will be among the first of
the general organisers to be placed ln
the field, about Feb. 1st
Stay away
Strike onl
trom  Porcupine, Ont
out ot the emigration of J
Canada. About 'three ti
these emigrants are either unable or
unwilling to support the wives aad
families they have left behind, end,
consequently, the Poor Law authorities In Scotland have soma thousands
of women and children to provide for. .
This burden has been the subject of
representations to the Goverameat
and they are endeavoring to arrange
with the Canadian government some
means of bringing the defaulting settlers to book. The problem Is admit-
tedly a difficult one. Sir George
McCrae, chairmen of the local government board for Scotland, has been In
Canada dlscuselng the subject with
the Dominion autholtles. Most it tha
settlers, 1 am Informed, oome from
Glasgow. The maintenance ot the.
families, lt Is stated, coat the authorities last year £36,060 ((175,000)."
Perhaps the Salvation Army, ln con-
Junction with the provincial governments, will exercise themselves to
provide a new supply of wives for
these defaulters.—W. R. T.
Neighboring Unionists In Convention.
The Washington State Federation ot
Labor  convenes  at  Olympla  neat
Stay  away
Strike onl
trom  Porcupine, Ont
Prof. Graham Taylor, of Chicago, says:
"Fifty thousand Immigrants
from Europe will land on the
Pacific Coast in the two yesrs
following the opening of the
Panama Canal,"
Ask Your
Look for Ihe
If you want the best, wear
Buck Brand Overalls
Wm. J. McMafter & Sons, Ltd.
1176 Homer Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Wholesale Dry Goods and J tents for tho Manufacturers. _-<m$W6
tUtDA-i*..........,; iArttJArly 10,. M
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Paid-up Capital,   $ 11,500,000
Reserve 12,500,000
Total Assets 175,000,000
One Dollar will open
the account, and your
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in  Vancouver
m-Md -Mot    -     Tsncouver, B.C.
AuthorlMd Capital .....J8,OO0tOOO
■nbior-lbe-1 Capital 1,160,000
91A up capital     630,000
The Bank of Vancouver appreciates the confidence placed ln it
by the people, and it is always
ready and willing to extend every
courtesy and liberality that Is consistent with safety and good management
Yonr aoeount Tory cordially
Vancouver Branch, Cor. Hastings
and Cambie Bts.
Broadway    West    Branoh,    Cor.
Broadway and Ash Sts,
Oranvllle St. Branch, 1148 Gran,
■ vllle St
Fender  St   Branch,  Cor.   Pender
and Carrall Sts.
General Manager.
Assistant General Manager.
r&vilal* Reserve $11,000,000
We Say to You
That there is nothing so important to you and your
family, nothing that so closely
affeots your future welfare
and happiness as thrift and
saving. They are the parents
of nearly every blessing. We
know it, and by very little
thought you must realize it.
for the safe keeping of your
savings, the security of a
Bank that has been a monument of financial strength
since the year 1865
We receive deposits of $1
and upwards, and pay 3%
interest per annum.
446 Hastings St. West
Cot. Hastings and Carrall Streets
vAMOOUVBB,    -    -B.C.
See that this Label is Sewed
. in the Pockets
(|lt lands for sll that Union
Labor Stands for.
Cowan & Brookhouse
Usos Tsmpls        Phons sty. 44»0
Velours and FeltB of all colors
CAPS and
, —AT—
135 Hastings Straet E.
Published weekly by The B. C. Federatlonist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
whloh is affiliated 16,000 organized wage-
Issued every Friday morning.
President Jas. Campbell
Vice-President J. W. Wilkinson
Vice-President J. McMillan
Treasurer „ J. H. McVety
Managing-Editor K.   farm.  Pettlplece
Office:    Boom 810, Labor Tsmplt
TeL Bey. 3690.
Subscription:    |1.00 per year;   tn Vancouver  City,  $1.26;    to   unions   subscribing in a body, 75 cents.
"Unity of Labor; the hops of ths world."
*° PAPER. If thin number is on il
your* subscription explren next issue.
The Home of High-Clasi
Where Everybody Goes
Is Is declared In many quarters that
the recent trial of the labor leaders
charged with complicity In a great
dynamite conspiracy was unfair; that
the Judge was biased, and the Jury
prejudiced. The McNamaras, however, members of the same organisation as the convicted men, confessed
to the use of dynamite in the furtherance of the interests of their union.
Prom this fact "and from the evidence
brought forward it Is assumed that
they are all guilty. It Is the purpose
of this Inquiry to show thit their manner of waging the warefare of union-
Ism was the perfectly logical—Indeed,
absolutely necessary—result ot their
training, habits of thought, and the
circumstannceB In which they tound
Jt Is Impossible to learn all that
transpires In the brain ot another. But
by understanding the influences
brought to bear upon an Individual, it
is quite possible to gain a general Idea
of his mental processes. With this In
mind. It Is particularly noticeable that
among those Implicated ln the dynamite affair, adherents of the Roman
Catholic faith predominate. To deny
bat that faith had a very considerable
Influence upon, their actions Is to declare It Impotent to affect the minds
of men and deny one of the reasons
for its existence. It is ln order, then;
to examine the lessons learned hy
those who form a part of the great
imollc Church.
Firstly, the Church, being founded
by Christ and ordained by God, cannot, aB an organization, do what is
wrong. The true Catholic must be
noioughly imbued with this Idea. He
must therefore regard that which Ib In
the interests of the church as right,
and that which is opposed to Kb interests as sinful. The perpetuation of
the organization becomes an end to
obtain which all means are justifiable.
How can lt be otherwise? Is not the
glorification of the church the glorification of God? He who would then
refuse to take any action whatever to
■Tl.it this divine Institution would be
guilty of the heinous crime of aiding
ue eternal torture ot benighted
Another Important precept of Catholicism Is that the church must endure forever. Other things may
change, but the Catholic religion is as
Immutable as Divine wisdom. This
has a tendency to make the true believer very conservative. Ho naturally desires' to stand still along with
lis religion, lest change In material
things shake his faith in the lmmu-
.ability of spiritual principles.
Having arrived at this point, the
unavoidable conclusion Is reached that
any true Catholic thoroughly grounded
ln the above Ideas, must necessarily
carry the mental habits engendered by
them into other fields of lite. .It is
easy, then, to understand the position
of the Catholic officer ln the Ironwork-
Union. His organization . is
driven to the wall by every method
known to tbe employers. He believes
that there must always be capitalists
and always wage-workers, consequently always trade unions. His union Is
not opposed by his religion. Its maintenance must be right, Its destruction
wrong. His mind Is not trained to investigate and analyse. Therefore he
does not understand the political construction of society, and has no hope
of a radical change by political means.
it Is Impossible tor him to be radical,
or even progressive. He has only, one
Idea—the perpetuation of the union.
Can he be blamed then for adopting
any means In his power to. gain his
"I" To his idea he Is engaged ln
physical war, declared by the employers; a war the necessity for which he
cannot see beyond and ln which he
fights to the best of his ability*. He
cannot do otherwise.
Certain unscrupulous persons will,
no doubt, attempt to Infer that The
eleratlonlst accuses all Catholics of
harboring Ideas of murder and des-
ruction.   He who draws such an Inference dons so maliciously, and ad-
mlts thereby his Inability to cope with
the arguments advanced.     The pur
pose or the writer Is merely to point
out the phenomena produced by certain
Ideas under certain extraordinary circumstances.    Anyone  Is  at  perfect
i-irty to show what socialist or any
iiher ideas would produce under any
given conditions.
For Instance, socialists, having a
-lenr knowledge of the structure of
modrrn society nnd a thorough understanding of Its functions, have long
«lnce been convinced of the utter futility of physical violence ln the
-trug?le against Capital. Socialism
leaches the proper administration of
property, not Its destruction. Why
pptroy that which may yet feed the
race to abundance? Knowledge Is the
weapon of socialism. The stimulation of research and the propagation
V cnllrhtened Ideas are Its functions.
The mental effects of these two
-bro's of thought—Catholicism and
Socialism—are brought vividly forward for discussion by this dynamite
trial. To consider them, can intelligent issue with this article alone be
go to him, and let they feet wear the
steps of his door." In other words,
"camp right on his trail."
"Civilization," we are told, "Is but
tbe Increase of manhood In an age.
Nations bave grown when they could
produce men, but have declined as
manliness has disappeared." Union-
Ism depends as much upon manhood.
The labor union Is an assembly of
individuals. Unless its members are
Imbued with the spirit of unionism,
how can the union prevail? A thousand geese could not produce one ostrich plume. A thousand union members seeking only their own selfish
Interests could never inspire a single
spark ot unionism.
Constitutions, resolutions, programs,
propagandas are puerile paraphernalia unless utilized by earnest union adherents.
The man who carries a union card
he does not respect, or who makes no
effort to get others to join his union,
or who stays nway from the meetings
of his union without n good reason, or
who shirks any duty he owes to his
union when bo can get the union
kind, Is as useless to his union as a
goose In an ostrich farm.—The U>B
Angeles Citizen.
"Why, like ns not, only the prospect
of another prison term. Is this society's measure of the worth ot a
man? Would It be too 'pi.ternol' for
the state to pay a man'for the work
It requires of him while ln prison,
and thus give him a real start when
lt adjudges him lit to return to the
world? The state restrains the liberty
of a man for society's good. It takes
profit off the labor of this same man—
for whose good?
"It Is hard enough for the average
man, dropped from one place f employ-
ment and without means, to get self-
sustaining work. How much harder,
then, must lt be for the man who
leaves the doors of a prison, to reenter the world ln wblch he Is to redeem himself, without money and
without a Job?"
They said they were giving that boy
bis liberty when they released him
from the reformatory. But they told
one of society's sad, stale lies.
The hoy or man who has to bunt for
a Job is about the most helpless prisoner opAe map.
Men As every day selling their
manhooirfor the sake of a job. They
bend ln unmanly attitude before the
job holder, and they take.his slurs—
for fear of losing their Job.
Girls and women are every day selling their bodies to get or bold a job.
The prison Isn't the problem.
It's the uncivilized scheme of society
that makes the world one vast, prison
wherein the honest and' industrious
are eternally penalized for the profit
of the lazy and dishonest—The Citizen.
McDonald's chewing tobacco is nonunion.   Cut it out.
The only union-made shoes are
shoes that bear tbe Union Label.
Have no other.  '
lt It's a union-made hat, the Union
Label will be found on the Inside of
the rim,   Get that?
Get the habit—demand union'
labelled poducts, and take no other.
Frisk the guinnoa who proclaims
aloud his unionism and the shortcomings of the fellow unionist. See if he
sports the Union Label ln all his personal effects.
Is there a union man with soul so
dead that he would venture Into a
union or central labor body meeting
wearing union-made products?
The "clique that runs the union" Is
the same bunch that do for the critics
what the critics, are too blamed shift-
'ess to do for themselves.
tou always expect the labor press
to fight your battles when in trouble.
How about fighting e bit of the terror
of labor papers by making it possible
to pay the printer?
The gink who finds the most fault Ib
Invariably the same fellow who never
put up a cent In his life to make tbe
thing be bellyaches about any different.
Philanthropy means to steal wholesale and give away retail.
nur 1913 slogan:
Agitate, educate,
"Good God, how rare men are!" said
Napoleon. "I have 13,000,000 In Italy,
end I have with difficulty found two."
At another time, the great Corslcan
Bald: "I have 200,000,000 francs In my
coffers, and 1 would willingly give
them all for Ney." He referred to his
favorite fleld.marshal.
One of Solomon's passages of wis-
dom reads: "If thou flndest a good
man, rise up early ln the morning to
The natural scenery of Western
Canada Ib magnificent, but there's
little poetry in Its labor market.
The long-detested 13 poll tax In B.C.
has at last been relegated to the scrap
heap, where it should have been years
How much are you Individually,
a member of organized labor and a
union man, doing towards securing the
expenditure or the earnings of labor in
purchasing the products of union
Official Information haB Just been
received from the International socialist bureau that the Vienna International Socialist Congress has been
postponed until 1914,
Try it tomorrow: Appoint yourself
a committee of one to frisk every
union man you meet for Union Labels.
find out how much of a union man
the other fellow Is. But make sure
ot your own duds before starting out,
Beware of the "union" man who
m'ikoa charges against a fellow unionist other than on the floor of the union
meeting room. The "yellow" streak Is
more to be feared than the "yellow
poril." A backeapper is always a coward.   Go after htm.
The most effective weapon of tbe
international working class Is industrial organization, and especially will
<bis be the case when the membership
have learned to use their franchise as
watchfully as the employing class on
election day.
The workers as a class must organize politically for the common ownership of the means ot living, for until
this has become an accomplished tact
they will surely pay toll tor their
sufferance of a callous and brutal
master clasB.—C. Baggett.
With a world's fair at San Francisco
In 1915 and the Dominion Fair at
Vancouver about the same date, the
unionists of the Terminal City should
have little difficulty in grabbing the
1915 convention of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada for Van-
A woman candidate for the presidency of the French republic will do
much to promote publicity In the Interests of women's suffrage tbe world
over. It would be hard to believe tbat
woman could possibly make worse use
of the franchise than the men of the
working class.
In the fcernie riding of British Columbia, as in the Nanaimo constituency, the Liberal and Conservative
ivlngs of the same party make up
pretence of pitting candidates against
Each other. This because it requires
unity between them to defeat the
working class candidate, though even
this combination haB failed in the
latter place.
We may be sure, although we know
not how, we give our HveB like coral
insects, to build up, invisibly, In the
twilight of the seas of time, the reef
of righteousness; and we may be sure,
although we see not why, tt is a thing
worth  doing—Robert  Louis  Steven-
Without desiring to boost prohibl
tlon, we are safe ln saying that the
boss prefers a lumberjack who drinks
to one who -thinks. He who spends
his spare time trying to flnd ways of
changing miserable condition is
terror to the labor skinners, while the
man who drowns the memory of his
misery ln drink is their secret delight.
—Industrial Worker.
A story la going the rounds of tho
press about an Ontario girl who jerked
her head back so. suddenly to keep
from being-kissed that It broke her
neck. This sbould be a warning to
girls, and indicates that it Is much
safer to lean forward a little even in
thlB day of germs, microbes and other
death-dealing parasites. The germs
can sometimes be driven out or ties-
"'■<■(!. but there is no cure for a
broken neck, even if it be the neck of
a pretty girl.
If Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council really wants to secure an attraction for the education and amusement ot Its affiliated membership it
might be suggested that the only
Peter W. Collins, recently kicked out
of the International Electrical Workers' Union, who is now annexing a
meal ticket as a flunkey tor the Militia
of Christ, be asked to visit Vancouver
to meet in debate a member or two
of the Longshoremen's union. After
Peter has tackled some of tho Western Canada overall bunch, he would
probably follow the example of the
Judas of old;   Peter, where art thou?
In every community we find a number ot old sages whose Intellectual
stock In trade consists ln the hoary
old chestnut, "It always was that way,
and It always will be that way." And
vet, If modern science and the known
history of our.race teaches ub anything at all, then it is that "nothiu,. is
eternal but change and interchange."
Today is the child of yesterday, and
the parent of tomorrow. What was
good enough for our father is hot good
enough for us. And what we regard
as the sublime height of perfection
will be thrown on the scrap pile by
our children. The world moves ever
onward anl upward. Those who refuse to move with it are left behind.
Those who throw themselves ln tbe
path of progress are crushed to death.
—Oscar Amerfhger.
. If your unton Is not properly conducted, it is the fault of the member
ship. Your organization Is whatever
the membership makes it, good or bad,
strong or weak, insignificant or powerful. Incompetent officers Indicate an
Incompetent" membership—Incompetent through negligence or lack of
ability, but Incompetent nevertheless.
If your union doesn't amount to anything, don't blame the labor movement. It Is the fault of your own
membership, and the difficulty can
only be remedied by that membership.
Good Samaritans can lift lt Up temporarily, but It can only stay up If tt
bas a membership willing to maintain
It In tHo position. Whining about lack
ot assistance-trom others will do no
good, so cut out complaint Of this
character and go at lt yourself. That
Is the only way to succeed.—'Frisco
As will give a peculiar insight into
the character ot those making them,
the wills of our great American patriots may help us to better understand
why they are considered great.
Virgil M. Harris says: "Out of
every 100 people, 85 leave np estate,
at all, and less than 10 per cent, of
all the people leave exceeding $5,0011."
Among the many Items in the largo
estate of Patrick Henry wore hits
slaves. He willed twenty ot his
sinves, "tho pick of them all," to his
wife. Patrick owned many slaves and
never loosened his grip on a. single
one while saying: "Give ME liberty
or give me death." He must have gotten liberty even though he did not
n'ht for lt himself. A case of "Let
George do It."
Heny Clay, who would "rather be
right than be President," willed all his
slaves to his wife, except Harvey, Milton, Henry and Bob.
Andew Jackson, the boasted friend
of the common people, willed all his
slaves to his adopted son.
And now comes George Washington,
'he hatchet man, who willed all his
slaves to his wife; "except I give Immediate freedom to William Lee, a
mulatto, who is crippled and unable to
walk." (Quoting the words ot Washington himself ln bis will.)
vVhnt kind of liberty does a slave-
owning class ever figbt for? Liberty
for their slaves, or liberty for themselves to get more slaves?
1. Because it tends to raise wages.
This is proven by all sorts of evidence.
2. Because' it prevents a reduction
in wages; reductions rarely come to
well organized labor.
3. Because It aids in getting shorter
hours. Ask the union men who are
working eight hours; they can prove
it.   They can show a union card also.
4. Because ln union there Is
strength. This Is as true of wage-
earners as of states.
5. Because it makes labor respected. Power wins respect from employers as from all men;
6. Because It gives men self-
7. Because it develops fraternity.
Craftsmen are all too jealous of and
suspicious of one another even at the
8. Because lt Is a good Investment,
No other Investment gives back so
large a return for expenditure of time
and money.
9. Because lt makes thinkers. Men
need to ub intellects together In matters of common concern.
10. Because lt enlarges acquaint
ance. This world Ib too* restricted for
11. Because It teaches co-operation.
When laborers co-operate they will
own the earth.
- 12. Because lt curbs selfishness;
the grab-all Is toned down by the fear
of the opinions of his fellows.
13. Because it makes a Job a better
place to work. The bully foreman
can't bully the union card.
14. Because tt helps the family;
more money more comforts, and a better opportunity to Improve your social
15. Because it helps the state. Un*
organized nnd discontented labor is
-the parent of the mob. The trade
unions stand as a rock between the
government and anarchy.
12. Because it is universal. The
trade union is co-existent with conization. 1
15. Because It pays you benefits
when you are on strike for better conditions, or to prevent unfair conditions
being imposed upon you.
18. Because lt pays you sick bene',
fits when sick or diabled.
19. Because it pays death benefits
of $100 and upward.
20. Because lt stands for conciliation of all differences between employer and employe.
21. Because a union man's card Is
treated with respect and consideration
by all union men, and the bearer of a
card Is never without friends, and can
always get assistance If In needy circumstances.
have not yet a*sufllcient*y intelligent
electorate to choose clasB-conscious
workers to make the laws, we are
going to send lobbyists to Olympla and
ask for tbo things we want If we get
them, we will be that much to the
good. If we do not get them, we will
tell the voters at tbe next election,
which will help to secure the election
of workingmen. And in the end we
shall get nil wo want—and we shall
want It all. Prejudice is a mighty
poor groundwork for proselyting.
Abuse gets nothing. Cries of 'labor-
faking,' 'crooks,' etc., comes with poor
grace from one worklngman to others
unless the proof accompanies the
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month
Meets ln annual convention tn January. Executive officers, 1912-13: President, J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Clem Stubbs. R D. Grant, J. H. McVety,
R. P. Pettipiece, J. Roberts, C- Slverti.
-I. J. Taylor; sec-treas., V. R. Mldgley,
.Box 1044, Vancouver.
Meeta .first anil third Thursdays
Executive board; J, KavanaRh, president,
John McMillan, vice-president; J. W.
Wilkinson, secretary. Room 210, Labor
Temple; Jas. Campbell, treasurer; A,
Beasley. statistician; J. H. McVety,
-ierfft.-at-arms; F. A. Hoover, W. J.
Pipes,  13.  Tralnor, trustees.
, —Meets second .Monday ln month.
President, K, .Tarn-inn; vice-president,
.George Mowat; secretary, A. H. England.
" O. Box 66.
Directors:    Fred  A.  Hoover,  J.  H.
McVety, James Brown, Edward Lothian,
Jamea Campbell, J.- W. Wilkinson, R. P.
PeUtplece^.Iolin, McMillan Murdoch Mc-
Keij-slt*.    Managing director,  J,  H.
Vety, Room 211.   Sey. 6360.
penters and Joiners—Room 209.
Sey. 2908. Business agent, J. A. Key;
office hours, S to 9 a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
H. McEwen, Room 209, Labor Temple.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday in Room 302.
tlnncrs* Local No. 46—
Meets second and fourth
Saturday*, 7:30 p.m. President, J. Klnnuinl; mor-
reaponiling seuretary, W,
Rogers,   Room  220,  Labor
Temple;   financial   secretary,   P.   Robtn-
second Thursday, 8:30 p. m. President, Geo. W. Isaacs; recording secretary, Charles Brown: secretary-business
agent, C. F. Burkhart, Room 208, Labor
Temple. Hours: 11 to 1; 5 to 7 p.m.
3ey. 1776.
Meets flrat and third Sundays of
each month, 7:30 p. m., Room 306. President, Walter Lnurle; secretary, A. MacDonald; treasurer, Wm. Mottlshaw, Tel.
Sey. 463 (Yale Hotel).
ters and Joiners, Local No. 617.—
Meets Monday of each week, 8 p. m. Executive committee meets every Friday, 8
p.m. Preaident, A. Richmond; recording
secretary, Arthur Paine, 305 Labor Temple; financial secretary, G. W.'Williams,
305 Labor Temple;' treasurer, L. W. De-
zlel, 306 Labor Temple.   Phone Sey. 1380.
Suit Special at $15
We hold and can maintain by proof of service as well as style,
that men who buy suits at spencer's will get a fuller measure
of value and satisfaction than any smaller or less experienced
store can give.
Today has arrived a new lot of suits with special features that
we bave marked to sell at 915.00, You will be surprised at the
smart styles and smart worthy looking fabrics. Lots of the popular red browns ln tweeds, other tweeds aa well in grey and, green
mixtures and worsteds, too, for those who want them.
■ffOB 110.00.
These are coat** that no man need be afraid to don. They look
well, the materials are good, they are well made, and not skimped
In any way.
The materials are tweeds in smooth and rough effects. ,
Two of tlie best patterns are grey and brown diagonals;   others
are small designs In brown and various subdued two-color effects ln
dark tone.    Every coat la lined with a strong twill lining;   two-
way collars. .
David Spencer
Tested and improved during many years in the world's greatest
skating ground, Canada
Star Skates, all that a skate oan be... .75c to $6.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 75c to $6.00
For Young Men, Young Ladies, Boys and Misses
J. A.   FLETT,   LIMITED Phon. Styfnour'204
Stoves anp Ranges
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds ot Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
Hardware and Tools
fj A splendid stook of the best in the world's market. •     ■ • -
We make a speoialty of supplying every need and requirements of the artisan in our line.
7 Hastings Street West
Phont Seymour 684
, 213.—Merts Room 301, every Monday
8 p. nt. President, W. P. Carr; vice-president. Fred Fuller; recording aeeretary,
A. A. McDonald. 6 Lome street east; financial Kecretury, Harvey Builder; treasurer, H. H. Free; presB secretary, Arthur Rhodes; business agent, H. A.
.ionas. Room 207, Labor Temple.
621   Un.-lde Men)—Meet every Friday Room 200  8 p.m.    President S. S.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and buvlnoss agent, F, L. Est-
Inghaiiaen, Room -J02.    Sey. 2348.
Meeta s-vond and fourth Tuesdays
of each month. -President, J. Fox'; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson; financial aeeretary, Wm. Worton; secretary, A. O.
Hettler, 425 Dufferin street,' Telephone,
Fairmont 1288.   .   ■
ASSOCIATION. No. 38 x 62—Meets
every Friday evening, 1S8 Water street
President, G. Thomas; secretary, Thomas
Nixon, 18* Water street.
. ond and fourth Thursdays, 7:15 n.m.
President, Robt Thompson; recording
•jecretary, J, Rronkes; financial aeeretary,
J. H. MoVety.    Sey. 436 it.
Union, Local No. 145, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street Preeldent. J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
F. Ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. Preaident H. Murry; flnanolal secretary, F. J. Harris,
1668 Robson St.; recording secretary.
Skene Thompson, Sub P. O, No. 8, Box 3;
business agent, W. J. Nagle.
No. 280—Meets every Thursday. 7:3b
p.m.. Room 802, President, H. Spear;
recording -secretary, Jas. Jamleson, U21
Drake street; financial secretary, Ed.
Uormody. .
Branch—Meets second Tuesday, 8:00
p.m. President, J. Marshall? corresponding secretary^ Wm. Rowan, Box 1047;
financial secretary, K. McKenzle.
Employees, Pioneer Division No, .101
—Meets Labor Temple, second and
fourth Wednesdays at 2:45 p.m. and first
and third Wednesdays, 8 p.m. President,
H. Schofleld; recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178. City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A, Hoover,
2409 Clark drive.
al Local 397—Meets every Wednesday, 8 p.m.. Room 201, Labor Temple,
President, K Blumberg; financial secre-
tary, Wm. Byntt, Room 216.
We Live and Learn.
Says tho Shingle Weavers' Journal:
"Many socialist publications have in
the past been very liberal in giving
unsought advice to labor unions, and
wo presume that The Commonwealth
proposes to help that 'good work'
along. Following what we believe the
course suggested by that paper, we
should stand on soap boxes and spend
our time shouting phrases to the voters; and aside from doing that, should
pay no attention to the law-makers
after election is over, If these are
tho views of The Commonwealth we
desire to place ourselves In opposition
thereto. In the State of Washington
there are a few legal safeguards
thrown around the health and other interests of members of the working
class, and these measures have been
enacted into law mostly by the Washington State Federation of Labor, and
tfltr-r hy the joint legislative commit-
tee, composed of all who are trying to
help the conditions of the common
people. We are tn perfect accord
with The Commonwealth In believing
that the best, place to have lobbyists
on the floors of legislative chambers.
Instead of the hallways.   But when we
and Jolnera. South Vancouver No.
1208—Meets Asho's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, J. W.
Dlckieson l recording secretary, Thos,
Lindsay, Box 36, Cedar Cottage; financial secretary, J. A, Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt. "Lindsay; conductor, A, Conaher;
warden, E. Hall.
178—Meetings ,held flrat Friday In
each month, 8 p.m. President, H. Nor,d-
land; seoretnry, W. W. Hooken, P.O. Box
608; financial secretary, L. Wakley, Box
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS'. Local No, 62—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdaya each month, 8 p.m. President, R. Neville; secretary, P, O. Hoeuke,
Suite 2, 1202 Woodland drive.
Meets last Sunday each month, 2:30
p.m. Preaident, W. H. Armstrong; vice-
president, G. W. Palmer; secretary-treasurer. R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
Council—Meets every first and thiid
Wednesday, Labor Hall, 731 Johnson
street at S p.m. President, H. J. Sheen;
secretary. Christian Slvertz, Box 302,
Vlcto-la, B, C.
 »»w yimmwia, i. o.	
Labor Council—Meets every aecond
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m.,' In
Labor Hall, President R. A. Stoney;
financial secretary, J. B. Chockley; general aeeretary, B. D. Grant, P. O. Box
934. The public Is Invited to attend.
cal 495—Meets every second and
fourth Friday of month In Labor Hall.
7:30 p.m. President, D. Webster; secretary* A. McLaren, P.O. Box 956, New
Westminster, B. C.    ;
penters, Local Union. No. 1689—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m., Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street President, M. C. Schmendt; secretary, A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B. C.
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets Sunday evenings, In Unton Hall.
President, E. A. Hines; secretary-treas-
urer, M  P| Vllleneuve, Klmberley, B.C.
No. 2888, U. M. W. of A.—Meets
Wednesday, Union Hall, 7 p.m. President Sam Guthrie; secretary, „ Duncan
McKensle, Ladysmlth. B. cT
—Meets every Sunday In District
.Office,.. Vendomo Hotel, at 7:30 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B. C.
Western Federation .of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday-evening, lo
Miners' Union hall. Band and orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent.
President, Sum Stevens; secretary, Herbert Varcol, Box 421, Rossland, B. C._
Union, No. 106, W; F. of M.—Meet*
every Monday at 7:30 p.m. President,
George Castell; secretary, Frank Campbell. Box 26, Trail, B. C.
Of America   rQ>s>
WORKERS' International Union,
Loim! 1)7—Meets second* and fourth Frl-
•Irty, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
,r, A. - Boeley; secretary, A. W. Oakley,
738 Semlln Drive, phone Sey. 689.
—Meets every Tuesday, 8 p.m., Room
307. President, James Hoslett; corresponding secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box
63: financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business agent, W. S. Dagnall, Room
215.    Sey. 8799.
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vanoouver Lodge No, 194—
.Meets firat and third Mondays, 8_p.m.
President, V. Barclay, 353 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151. Howe Street.
Laborer**-'   Unton.—Meets   flrst   and
third   Fridays,  Labor Temple,  8 p.  m.
President,     P.    Hurst;    secretary,'    E.
Tralnor, Room 220. Labor Temple.
Meets  first Tuesday each
p.m.   President, Geo. Gerrnn'^
Robert  .1.  Craig,  KuiU Ci|
treaHurer, S. W. Johnson,
British Columbia
tern, Division No, I
third Sunday In month,
chairman, J. F, Campf
couver. Local sec-ti
Box 432, or 1008 Bun
W*M£   ■■■■   ■
Short Lessons in
Are You Using Carbon Lamps for Lighting?
Do you know that Tungsten lamps give three times
the amount of light obtained from a carbon lamp
with the same consumption of current?
Should it not be advisable for you to secure this improved form of lighting?'
After you have considered the above queries visit our
salesrooms and ask the lamp counter clerk to demonstrate the difference between the Tungsten lamp and
the ordinary carbon lamp,
For the convenience of our ouatomera we
oarry a full line of Tungsten lamps of an ,,
approved type in stook
Carrall and
Hastings Street
1138 Granville St.
near Davie -wk\mawmm-ma^mmi!^m
t*ftM)Ar....; iAJltJAftt 10,fill
Boxed Silk Hosiery
At their respective prices we believe that the following
lines are as good aa the market affords.
AT 75c A PAIR—Women's block silk boot hose, with high
spliced heel; double sole and toe. These have seamless
AT $1.00 A PAIR—Women's silk hose with lisle top, with
double heel, sole and toe.  Come in black and white.
AT $1.80 AND $2,00—Onyx silk hose in high grade qualities, in the following shades—pink, sky, champagne,
light and dark grey, purplpe, wisteria, old rose king's
blue gold, tan, white or black. These have reinforced
heels, double sole, toe and lisle thread top. -
CSnroon Brgaualiv -ftmtteo
575 Gramillc Street       Vancouver, B. C.
During January
We will hold our regular sale. This will be our seventh
January sale, snd as before we will try and clear out sll
Fall and Winter Goods
Our prices will enable you to lave enough on an outfit
lo start a bank account. Hoping to see you sometime
during the month, and wishing you a Happy New Year
Clothing Man
.9«".p<*.'r« i CHAMBERS -K"*-n*
St. East
__t_m sn. wit
Bstwn Abbott sad Oswal*.
four Rousing Values from Home Furnishing Section
A visit to our busy Fourth Floor is well worth anyones time.
The furnishing of the home is always a work of satisfaction and
profit when you invite our co-operation. We submit a few items
for your approval, many others just as good.
Axminster Hearth CI 4 Q
Rugs, 27x54 inches **•"■
By talcing all the mill had,
we are able to offer you an Axminster rug, well woven of pure
wool yarns, in several different
colors; site 27x52 inches, $1.49.
Guaranteed Feather   ti 19
Pillows, eaoh    jjilf
Filled entirely of clean odorless feathers in best quality art
style ticking, size 19x25 inches,
each .':.' ......-U.12
Oil Opaque Shades
Size 37x72, eaoh
In a good shade of dark green
oil-opaque cloth mounted on rollers that carry ; smooth perfect
cloth, with brackets, size 87x72
inches; regular 65c. values,   S5c.
Silkoline Covered
Comforters, eaoh
Well filled with white cotton
nicely quilted and covered in dainty Silkoline, size66x72in., $1.75
Ten "Fed" Sub. Cards for $7.50
Two-piece overallsuits,speoially
suitable for boys taking a course
of manual training. Sizes 26 to
n •     n    «j •» • n 34. Made of stout blaok denim,
1-TiCe ret SUlt, any SIZC $180 cut full and strongly put together.
809-815 Hastings
Street West
Honest and Artistic
The most scientific and
Open from9 a.m. to8 p.m., 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
Bank tf Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour and Halting,
Translate Steamship
To and From Europe via, All Lines
at Lowest Rates
■   City Tioket Agent C.P.A.
434 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B. C.
British Columbia Land
v   Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
.'■■'*■'! PER ACRE
TERMS: Residence on the land for at least
two yean; improvements to the extent of $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $ 160 (i.e. $ 120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands; Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
T.'e are told by political tricksters
that we are living under a sane system of society. We are told, that
everything would be alright with the
worklngman it he would only save
bis money. ....
Let us see whether we are living in
sane Bystem ot society.   This can
_e done by taking note ot the average
crowd that rides by sitting, standing
or banging on to a street car.
'lake tbe man In the seat ahead of
you. He looks a smart Individual, and
lie coitainly has to be, for he Is what
Is commonly known as a drummer—
in order words, a travelling salesman.
..is work consists of selling the same
kind of article as thousands of his
kind; ln fact, tbere may be two or
tbreo other salesmen in the same oar
whose time is taken up In the selling
to petty business men shlrta of different brands. Here, then, we see three'
or four salesmen peddling shirts made
by dinerent firms, yet all made of the
same material. They all carry the
shoddy shirt mostly worn by working-
men, and made up In sweat shops, and
they all carry the pure linen shirts
worn by the parasite class. These
men we see are In competition with
one another, and they are all selling
a commodity which, under a sane system, would be made of the best material only, and which would not require tbe services of a single drummer
to dispose of, because competition
would not be necessary ln the production ot food, clothing and shelter. We
.keretore see that the thousands of
drummers rushing around* from place
to place now would not be necessary
under a co-operative form of society.
The man on the seat on the opposite
side of the oar is probably an Insurance agent, and there are .thousands
of them, too, trotting around trom
door to door Interrupting your wifti
or mother tn the performance of their
dally task of cooking your sowbelly or
waBhlng your dirty rags. These men
are suggesting that your life or your
family's life should be insured against
sickness or death. This particular
.{tnd of business flourishes under the
present system because very few of
us wage-plugs can Bave enough for a
decent funeral or to pay doctors' bills.
t it Is not life Insurance you want,
probably you would like to Insure the
shack you exist in or the few sticks of
oheap furniture you may possess. No.
Veil, then, Insure for an old age pension. Anything, any damnable scheme
will flourish under the present system.
Why should we need Insurance
against life, limb, property or old age
when the workers produce far more
:han enough to satisfy the wants of
socloty? lt probably takes more to
uev these very agents alive than lt
would to pension all the men and
women who are too old to perform use*
M work. Under a sane system these
agents would be helping to produce
something useful to society, and there-
y help to shorten the hours of labor
.low necessary to produce commodities.
The real estate shark is anothe,
useless form of parasite; he simply
«lls something which should not be
-n the market. Society should have
tree use of land, the same as they do
of air.
Advertising   agents   are   another
form of parasites.     Here, again, we
nd thousands of men and women en*
saged ln the task of writing and so-
idling aovertlsementB so as to attempt to show .the superior quality of
"' Ipton's tea to that of Johnson'B, and
so on vice versa.    Eliminate compe-
I'Jon  nnd  let society  cultivate and
produce the test of everything, and
'tu eliminate the necessity of having
'o advertise these goods.     Millions,
lye billions, of dollars are spent annually in advertising which otherwise
ould te used ln the production of
e'tf r Roods and in a shorter time.
Salesmen, clerkB, bookkeepers, and
hop walkers, the majority of whom
.';m also be placed in the same class,
localise  the  system  of  competition
makes   It  necessary   to have   these
men  and  women  selling that par-
Icular kind of commodity.   We again
see that competition makes lt pos-
•Itl8 to have hundreds of petty business men renting stores and hiring—
I   mean   engaging—shop   assistants,
clerks, etc., whereas under a co-opera-
ive system one or two central stores
of a departmental nature, where goods
of the best, with only   variance   in
flavor,' color or   style would be on
show, and several distributing warehouses, would probably be all that
would be needed.   Thus you see the
petty business men and a whole host
of clerks, salesmen, etc., could be put
to a useful form of production.
Soldiers, Naval men, Pinkertons,
Thugs, Lawyers, Preachers, Politicians, Warders, Salvation Army captains, Charity mongers, Tax collectors
and a whole host of others would not
tie necessary under a sane Bystem of
society. You will note the policeman Ib
not Included in this list, but lt Is not
because he might be needed to protect property, but becausehls services
can be used for the regulation of
In almost every factory, mill or
mine, on every railway, ship or farm
can be found men whose work would
not be considered necessary, and so
these would be required to do some-
thing that would be useful. And so
we can go on pointing out in numbers
ot cases where the work that is being
done now would not be required under
a Bystem of Bociety that we as socialists are advocating.
And of what benefit wtll this be to
the worker, you may ask.
Let us stop to think for one instant at the hundreds of thousands of
men and women engaged in the work
that we bave Just reviewed. Let us
think of the thousands of other instances tbat could also be mentioned,
and then say to ourselves what would
be the result If all these workers,
shirkers, bums and parasites were
given the chance to do something useful for society.
We would flnd that all these men
and women, pobably every third person that we came In contact with now,
would be producing the best of everything, and when we take Into consideration the numberless workers
who today are producing cheap and
to the knife. To hell with the other
fellow—and we have had enough of
It. Let us abolish the system ot competition and set up In Its place a cooperative system, a system of production for. use u> place of production for
sroflt.        -
W. W.
Organising Fund.
Steve Sellman, Enderby  11,25
P. C; Partes, Bnderby 26
Local Enderby     4.60
When your back-bed sitting-room Is
cold, when you feel tired after tramping around town looking tor a master,
when the squawllng of your " baby
drives you from your shack, when you
feel discouraged, cold or hungry, Just
make tracks for the Vancouver Labor
Temple. There you will flnd a large,
well lighted, well heated and comfortable reading room. There you will
flnd food for thought in the various
newspapers and magaslnes. There
you will lind pleasure and comradeship.
We always, like to give our readers
good news, as we are going to Inform
you right away that arrangements
have been made to Increase the slse
of the B. C, Federatlonist to eight
pages on the flrst of March. This is no
soheme to entice you to get subs., but
we hope you will do your best In that
direction anyhow. What we want to
do Is to make The Federatlonist the
best, cheapest and most interesting
paper in Canada. From that date we
expect your help ln the way of new
subscribers. Interesting news from
your burg and articles of an educational nature on Unionism and Social-
Ism.  It's up to you.
What do you think of a system ot
Bociety that allows 10,685 persons to
be killed and 169,538 to be Injured in
one year on the American railroads
because a paltry 150,000 stands In the
way of the Invention of safety devices. Such are the facts of tbe case
as stated by an engineer of forty
years' experience; he states that "to
design, install and test such Inventions would cost at least 160,000, and
then the Inventor could get the necessity assistance trom any railroad to
'perfect his device." There aro turn-
(■.leas ot designs to be had, but if
course COST stands In the way.
Socialism Is making rapid progress In
other countries. A concise, thumb-
nail sketch shows tbls situation.
In Germany the Socialist vote is
now 4,328,000, wltb 10 members in parliament and hundreds of others in
?tate legislatures, .
In France the Socialists polled over
a million votes, and elected 75 Instead
- hi, the chamber of deputies—a
gain of 21.
In little Denmark the Socialist vote
is 76,012, and 28 out of 114 members of
the lower house of parliament.
In Italy the Socialists have 325,965
votes and 40 delegates to the chamber
of deputies.
In Norway the vote has Increased
trom 7.018 in 1900 to 90,985 In 1909,
and since then has been largely augmented. The party owns eight
In Belgium the vote was 359,890 and
15 delegates were elected.
In Austria the Socialists have over
one million votes and 84 members of
In Sweden the vote Increased from
"vOlO In 1908 to 117,000 In 1911, with
64 members in parliament.
In Finland 83 out of tbe 200 mem-
bes of the lower house are Socialists.
In Switzerland the Socialists polled
110.000 votes and have the municipal
council at Berne.
In Spain, Jortugal, Australia, and
New Zealand the movement is rapidly
gaining ground.
Dr. Vet-Sen, the leader of the Chinese revolution, which. overthrew the
Manchu dynasty, is a socialist.
A somewhat piquant situation has
been'created by the announcement
that the newly appointed tabor Commission will hold its flrst sittings ln
Victoria on January the 14th and 16th.
The convention of the British Columbia Federation of Labor will meet in
Victoria on tbe 13th of January, and
everybody who understands the situation is wondering what the attitude of
the delegates will be towards the Commission. It is by no means impossible
that they will decide to completely
Ignore it.
Despite the shortcomings of the
BolierB Inspection Aot and the way
the magistrates consider It should be
administered, the Vancouver Union of
Steam Engineers ia making substantial progress. They have an organizer
of their own In the Held all the time,
and have recently admitted a number
of men who were formerly members
of tho B. C. Association of Steam En-,
rincers. Special open meetings have
been held lately for the purpose of
studying the various Provincial and
Dominion Acts which have a bearing
on tho dally work of the steam engineers.
A conference of bricklayers from all
parts of the Pacific Coast is to be held
in the Labor Temple, Vancouver, on
January 23rd, 24th and 25th. Dele-
gates are expected from Los Angeles',
Bakersfleld, Fresno, San Francisco,
Portland, Walla Walla, Salt Lake,
Seattle, and other places on this coast.
The object is to lay plans for the formation of a central council or conference by which the various unions ot
bricklayers will be kept ln closer
touch with each other for the better
protection of their mutual Interests.
The bricklayers already have an inter-provincial conference for the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and
Manitoba, and it Is hoped that tho
forthcoming conference will put all
bricklayers of the prairie country and
the coast into closed touch with each
The Initlatlonf ee for the Carpenters' Union has been dropped to 15 for
the purpose of encouraging organization work with a view to a demand
being made in the spring for an In-
shoddy goods It would be almost safe ' crease ln wages, and special effort is
There are 110,000 men employed Id
the lumber Industry ln the state of
Washington alone, not including British Columbia,. Ex-Senator Sam Piles
has given these as correct figures.
The late Congressman Cushman used
the same.figure. Congressman Humphrey haa corroborated them. These
gentlemen should know. They all are
or have been close to the lumber Interests of the Evergreen State.
About half this number, or about
65,000, are working In Oregon's forests
and mills. At least 35,000 more are
engaged In California's Redwood region, while no less than 80,000 are employed in the pine forests of Idaho and
Montana. If the number of men employed In the lumber industry of British Columbia be estimated at 20,000—
and this is undoubtedly altogether too
small an average—the figures for the
Paolfic Northwest would be conservatively placed at 260,000—a quarter ot
a million men.
Multiply this number by six and the
result will approximate the number ot
men engaged In this Industry In the
United States. One million and a half
workers lu one Industry. Then add
the hundreds of thousands throughout
the land who make their livelihood
handling the products of the forests
trom the time tkey leave the hands of
the manufacturer till they make their
way to the'eonsumer.
Do you realise the great importance
of the lumber Industry? Do you know
that a man as well Informed as Congressman Humphrey has placed the
lumber Industry as the second In this
country considering the number ot
men employed? Certain It Is that,
excepting farming and transportation,
no Industry In the United States employs as great a number of men as
does the lumber Industry.
In the Pacific Northwest the lumber
Industry takes first place. Most of
the readers ot this series of articles
live in this territory. For this reason
anything mentioned here pertains to
the Northwest unless otherwise stated.
Nearly all ot the 260,000 men are
unorganised. They are helpless in
the hands of their employers. They
have less power than If they were but
260—and organised.
All of the power contained In this
great mass of workers Is held by a
small group of about 2,500 shingie
weavers. They control something.
Al) the rest control nothing.
True, another organisation is reputed to have a number of members
among the workers In lumber. But
it controls nothing. Controlling nothing, lt has no power. Being power
lesB, it can do nothing but talk. (But
this phase of the matter will be
handled In a later article.)
The fact remains that a quarter of
a million workers in the Pacific Northwest are utterly helpless In the hands
ot the lumber barons. They haven't,
learned the secret of standing together. They haven't yet felt the consciousness of strength that comes
from associating with their fellow men
In attemping to gain a common end.
As stated above, the majority of
shingle weavers are organized. They
have become drilled fighters, disciplined warriors—through ten ears of
struggle to gain and hold certain liberties they have wrested away trom
their bosses.
These 2,500 shingle weavers form a
natural center around which the rest
of the workers In the industry might
be organized. Advantages would be
derived from the experience, gained
by the shingle weavers. And these
would have their power still further
With this in mind, the Shingle
Weavers' Union has just closed a
referendum vote on the question of
extending its jurisdiction to Include
an men In the lumber Industry, The
progressive spirit of the members was
displayed by casting an almost unanimous vote, favoring the extension.
This measure goes Into effect March
1. Preparations are being made In
the meantime.
Attempts have been made in the
post to organize the lumber workers.
Sporadic organizations have existed
from time to time in different parts of
the Northwest. Most of these have
been ot short duration.
In Montana, the American Labor
Union succeeded In organizing several
hundred of these men about seven or
eight years ago. Shortly after, the
"Brotherhood," with headquarters In
Eureka, Cal,, was formed. It was
affiliated with the American Federation of Labor. The American Labor
Union was a rival organization. In
1905 It merged.Into the I. W. W.
Two organizations were thus trying
to fill the same need at the same
time. A scrap was the Inevitable re*
suit. Instead of lighting the common
enemy the workers fought among
themselves. They annihilated one
another. Dual organization work had
again reaped Its harvest.
Since then no serious attempt haa
been made to organize the workers In
the lumber Industry. The Shingle
Weavers have kept their own organization iitact. (tn a later article a
hrlef history of the Shingle Weavers'
Union will he given.)
There have been strikes ln the lumber Industry. Last year aaw several
of them. Organizations were formed
from- these strikes—but they collapsed.
Organization means power. A labor
organization without power is not
worthy the name of Labor. The Shingle Weavers' Union la the only organization within the lumber Industry
possessing any power.
One Union in One Industry la the
slogan of Labor'B progressive elements. What, then, Is more natural
than to simply extend the jurisdiction
of the Shingle Weavers' Union? What
is more natural than that the only
union In the lumber Industry that
has proved Its fitness by living and
growing during ten yearB of Btruggle,
should expand until It embraces the
entire Industry.
The next article will endeavor to
show the tremendous possibilities
lying In the proposed organization,
possibilities not alone for the tollers
In timber but for the entire body of
Organized Labor as well.
Throughout Canada to sell
Vancouver Real Estate and
British Columbia Acreage
in saying that with the introduction
of more labor saving machinery and
with more scientific management the
worker would have to expend but a
few days' energy apiece every year to
satisfy the wants ot society.
As for the saving of money, well
let them save 'who want or who can.
I for one'cannot see the sense of saving money In order to open up a business which wilt probably be busted ln
a very short time by the very class
that advises us to save our money.
Competition means dog eat dog, War
to be made in other directions to get
the carpenters of the city together so
that this action can be made effective.
The following agreement has been
signed between Electrical WorkerB'
Union 213 (of Vancouver) and,the
Western Canada Power Co.:—Minimum wages for groundmen and helpers, ?3.30 per day; line track-bonders,
(4.65; operators, $4.06; lamp-trimmers,
$3.80; telephone Installers, 14.55; automobile drivers, (1.30; meter-men,
$4.55; cable splicers, $6.66.
Workmen's Circle.
First annual concert and ball, given
by the The Workmen's Circle, Branch
of Vancouver, Friday, Jan. 17, 8 p.m.
sharp, Orange Hall, cor. Hastings St.
and Gore Ave. Tickets 60c, ladles
free. Profits for literature and education.
Every Unionist Should Turn Out,
Dr. W. D. Brydone-Jack will deliver
a lecture on "Technical Education" In
Labor Temple on Thursday, January
80th, at 8 p.m., under the auspices of
the Trades and Labor Council.
References given and required.   Liberal commissions.
Labor Temple Building
Street Vancouver, B. C.
Shoe* for Sarvteo Shoo* for Contort
8 hoos) for Prois     ghoosi for Ivsry KsMtutrsrsnot
We've picked winners in Men's Fall Shoes. We're at the sen-ice
of every man who desires the best shoes his money can buy.
>   )•    \af  tW. .IV ♦Oppodtethe City Hat
Natttod Shoo* Aro rroquontlr
Made In Non-Union Factories
no matter what its name, unless it bean a
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp ore
always Non-Union.
Boot A Shoo Worltor*' Union
246 Summer Street, Boston, Itsss.
J. F. Tobin, Pres.    C. L. llaine, Mc.-Treu.
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
.Magazines and Labor Temple Post Cards on Sale
Get Your Money's Worth
MR"*^ s^HtSH BLUMS'   in b C. CU»I,>-P>
Patronize Home Industry
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
The Beer Without
a reer
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited z&
TS& &ftl*ftS& QGLMteri *BDIlRATiOlttS!i?
Money-S&ving Prices
House Furnishings
See the Province and World each day for
full particulars
Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
can get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a oopy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake in buying Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
Mt Hastings W.  $80 Oranvllle
ei* Hastings W.
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine. 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll.... 20c
The People's Bookstore
182 Cordova W.
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
Stoves and Nice Warm
for the cool weather at
SOT Granville Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8749
We can fum.8h|w«-iy«i let
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3887
Mr. Union Man
Here is the place to
buy a union-made
We carry the largest
assortment of union-
made hats in
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
Largest Canadian Retailers of
12.00 HaU
United Brotherhood Carpenters.
At the last meeting Local Union 617
Installed the newly-elected officers,
but slight change taking place. Mr.
Geo. Williams Is now officiating as
financial secretary, 304 Labor Temple,
vlcC L. H. Burnhar.
The committee appointed three
weeks ago to draft resolutions tor
delegates to lay before the B. C. Fed-
eratlon of Labor at the coming con
ventlon reported, offering a resolution
calling on the Federation to consider
and form a political party, or method
of political action, that all unionists
might endorse and support, and pledging the moral and financial support of
U. B. C. 617, which was endorsed.
There were also three other resolutions offered and endorsed, and delegates were Instructed to request a
hearing before Res. Com. of B. C. F.
of L. In support of same.
TJ. B. Diet. Council will on next Saturday, Jan. 12, hold a meeting on ao
coun* ** several delegates who are to
attenu me B. C. F. of L. not being
able to attend regular meeting Jan.
1,4. Officers for ensuing term will be
elected, and a full attendance is desired.
The U. B. and A. S. C. will hold
another social on Friday evening, Feb.
7, particulars of which will be made
public in the near future. Look out
tor this. It means a good time. And
be prepared to come and enjoy lt.
Socialist Candidate In Burnaby,
'   El. E. Winch is a socialist candidate
for alderman ln Ward Six, Burnaby,
Mr. Winch, according to circulars
which are being distributed throughout the district, will oppose:
(1) the giving away ot public
rightB and franchises to public and
private companies.
(2) The boosting of the municipality by real estate agents, Whose main
object is immediate pesosal profit.
(3) An excessive munlclpal.outlay
on Westminster roads, u paved, Insist that It be done by the government.
He pledges his support to the following:
(1) The Tights of the public, particularly the working class.
(2) The enforcing ot the 44-hour
week In all municipal work and contracts.
(3) A $3.00 a day minimum wagge
for all able-bodied workers.
(4) The Institution of a works contract department In engineer's office
for the purpose of undertaking .municipal contract work by direct labor.
(6) The extension of publicly
owned and controlled public utilities.
(6) That the sinking fund money
shall be used tor purposes ot loans to'
settlers tn the municipality.
(7) That all applications for employment shall be registered at municipal hall, numbered consecutively,
end engaged In order of application.
Thomas J. Morgan was killed in a
railroad wreck in Arizona, while on
his way to California. Morgan was
identified with organised labor for
forty years and was a pioneer in the
Socialist party of the United States.
Peculiarly enough, at a time when
the mine owners are gloating over
the Increased output for the year
1912, the men who did the work are
trying to secure a small participation
lu some of the "posporlty," In the
form of a 50-cent per day Increase In
wages; a demand much resisted hy
the interior mine-owners.
pRiBiv ....,,„. jjitftitof iQ,iiii
TO LSV—Two brlffht, cheerful roomi;
front and a single; furnace-heated;
meals If desired. Apply 439 Helmckcn
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
«J When you buy your suits
(rom us you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
*J in dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
The canal Is nearlng completion;
the possibilities attendant upon the
completion will soon develop into realities. The dally papers, the mouthpieces ot capitalism, are now coming
out with the true object of capitalism.
At first the people were told that
it would be an everlasting monument!
to the thrift and perseverance of tbe
American people. It would give tbe
United States such an amount ot pres
tlge that the laurel wreath could never
be taken from her brow. But now
that the canal has been built by tbe
bard earned dollars of the American
working men and women, they tell
the truth. Recent clippings from the
Beilingham Herald and American
Reveille under the headlines, "The
Muscular and Moral Illiterate," and
•Opening of the Canal Will Solve tbe
Labor Problem."
Editorially, under the headlines,
"The Muscular and Moral Illiterate,"
the Beilingham Herald quotes the
New York Sun: "At a time when the
country is notoriously short of com*
mon laborers willing to dig ditches,
ballast railroads that are not essential because they involve hard physical work, nothing could be less logical or more foolish than to impose a
litorary test on immigrants capable ot
turning their hands to such employments. Yet the great struggle over
the Immigration bill now undergoing
debate In congress on the question of
whether men who cannot read and
write shall be barred from the States.
"Literacy can be acquired here aB
well as elsewhere. It is by no means
essential to the morality of a man. If
he be lacking, he may still be a good
citizen, a successful father, a thrifty
and forehanded member of the community.
"The number of illiterates who,
granted an opportunity, fall to educate their children, is negligible. There
are men of more or less consequence
ln the communities in which they live
whose parents had to make their
"What the United StateB of
America should do is to welcome every
well built man not of criminal record
who wants to live here. See to lt
that he gets a reasonably fair chance,
and offer him the chance to Improve
bis mind if he wants to. There Is no
danger of getting too many strong
backs and willing bands in this country, nor Is there any real danger that
they will be unable to care tor themselves and their children, even
though they may not bring a certificate of school attendance."
Under the heading, 'Opening of
Canal Will Solve Labor Problem," the
American-Reveille says:
"Labor is now rather high in price
and scarce. But the opening of the
Panama Canal two years hence will
see the landing of 60,000 laborers
•"rom the South of Europe on the Pacific Coast, the greater portion of this
number coming direct to Puget Sound.
Here will the labor problem be
solved. Plenty ot cheap and faithful
labor to clear land, to spray, to prune,
to pick and pack. The fruit grower
of the Pacific Northwest will be able
to have tils fruit picked and packed
iv skilled labor within three years
for a tithe of what it costs him now.
And that is why so many people are
eolng into the berry and fruit business on a large scale. Until now the
labor cost of clearing land has been
almost prohibitive. With Italian and
Slav labor two years from now lt can
be done for one-third: the cost at
erry picking, fruit picking and packing. Immigration of laborers from
Southern Europe will solve the problem that has confronted the Pacific
Coast producers, farmers and fruit
raisers from the day Chinese immigration was prohibited. Cheap labor will
lo the work. The American owner
vlll secure the profits. With the huge
profits now made on fruit, they will
be increased 25 per cent, by plentiful
and' cheap labor,
"It Ib the widening market to be
created by the Panama Canal opening
that ,s hastening far-sighted fruit men
to plant big acreage this year, to be
ready for the immense demand that
will come when transportation costs
will be so reduced as to permit them
to land tbelr produce' In European
ports at a nominal cost per box."
It now seems that the canal Is to be
used to solve the "labor problem."
They admit that there is a "labor
problem," and tbat too much education among the workers would be dangerous to a favorable solution of the
problem for the Interests of capital.
To begin with, this country Is not
notoriously short of common laborers
who. are willing to do any sort of
labor that Ib honest. Can they explain
away the fact that the unemployed
army Is greater In this nation than
ever before ln its history?
Can they explain why men are
forced to steal, women to sell their
'todies, children are robbed of their
playtime to maintain a bare existence? No, they cannot; . to do so
would damn their cause forever. They
will lie until they are block ln the
face to uphold a Bystem that disgraces
civilisation. Literacy Is essential to
morality of man. Show me a coun
try where education is withheld or
suppressed and 1 will show you that
Immorality Is rampant. Russia, one
of the darkest nations ot the world;
India, where there Ib not a sterile man
over the age of 36. And we need not
go so far away from home—in Mexico
and in some parts of the United
States, lt Is largely true.
While it is true that most ot the
nations of the world are equipped
with the necessary schoolB, the Industrial conditions are so severe that
' Is impossible for the great mass of
working men and women to take advantage of them, They are npt ex-
tending an invitation to mental and
moral development. They want muB-
cle and backbone; a lot of docile,
willing wage slaves. They say: "Let
us see that they get a reasonably fair
chance, and offer them a chance to
Improve their. mlndB If they want to."
They might do m much for a mule, tf
they chose. What Is a reasonable
chance? Ten hours of hard manual
labor in a saw mill, twelve to fourteen hours in the steel mills, a like
workday ln the textile mills, absolutely unfits the Immigrant or any one
else for study or recreation. If the
Immigrant doos not have a criminal
record before he leaves his home
across the sea, he can soon get one ln
this country, where people sometimes
have to go cold and hungry because
they have produced too much. The
only chance tho Immigrant has for
education in this country is In the
LABOR UNION. Capitalism Is preparing for the exploitation of tho Immigrant; the labor unions must prepare for his education. They are misled into the belief that ln America
they are only one step from Paradise.
They find out too late that the gaudy
posters sent out by the transportation
tal'r!Si£VB&,'V- ""•".n-'sutar West-
tnfs;C™^J.•,?■, Ub,S; c91""*'1 convened
In ths chsif'    P'm" Pre"la'"" Kavana.ii
prov%utS rUd.'1" Prov""w ,,"",*""r 0I"
ett^SS&oT^maa' rcM,val t""J M-
cEStS.il'' $• li Carptenere for James
LTl'urnhV       * °ra"°!"'
«-™'i!!l»A'!llUi'u","l!l1 CarpiMitera for W.
Fororoft, J. W, Wilkinson, w. Dennles
J. a. Key,
gram Bookbinders for 1. Vylet,
„f'O'o Typos-raplilcal Union for R. P.
Pettipiece. O. Bartley.
, %r0"5 Machinists for J. H. MoVety,
'■■$< D*2.'»,-.J.- F- FlBl",r. •'• Brookes
From Bricklayers for W. Barker.
Prom Painters for A. W. Abbs. J.
Jprgensen, E. staples, H. Grand and J.
BnosWi or aosownaaa
■Moativs oommlttM
Room 210, Labor Temple, Jan. 2—Exc-
jynve Committee met this m-enlng with
the following members present: Camp-
boll, Pipes, Tralnor, McMillan, MoVety,
Wilkinson and Kavanagh.
From Omaha Building Trades Council
asking for circular re Industrial Union-
Ism, and information ro strike of last
year. Recommendation: that Secretary
send copy of circular on Industrial
Unionism.    Concurred in.
From Carpenters' Joint Committee re
payment of wages bv cheque. Recommendation. That It be referred to delegates representing Council before Royal
Commission.   Concurred In.
Replies were received from the following candidates re our list of questions.
McNeill, Hamilton. Dclbrldge, McSpad-
den, Ramage, McBeath, Cameron, Baxter,
Jacobo. Recommendation. Thnt they
be referred to the Council.
Motion—That wo endorse those candidates who, according tb tbelr replies, are
favorable to organized lubor.
Amendment—That the letters be referred to the executive committee to select
the names of those whose replls are
satisfactory, and to advertise them
through  the press.
Amendment to Amendment-^That a
committee of three be appointed now to
go over the replies and report to the
council tonight.
Amendment to 'the amendment carried.
Delegates Davis, Tralnor and Blumberg were appointed as the committee.
r.ohor Temple Co., rent. December..$24.00
B. C.F. of h.. per capita tax  6.00
J. W. Wilkinson, stamps  2.00
J. W. Wilkinson, express charges .on
literature   LEG
Granville Stationery Co  5.15
F. 8. Blumberg, minute and account
books for organization committee   .45
B. T. Kingsley, 2000 letter-heads  8.76
W. W. Lefeaux, multigraphing circulars   1.20
Recommendation: That these be paid.
Concurred In.
Recommended tbat a committeo of
three be appointed to visit Builders'
Laborers In company with llko committee from Civic Employees for the purpose of endeavoring to secure the amalgamation of the two unions. Concurred
Committee: Midgley, Freckleton and
Motion—That report of organization
committee be laid over to the order of
new business.    Carried.
Parlianuratmrr Committee -Report
Committee met Dec. 27th at 8,20 p.m.,
Delegate Blumberg elected to chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read and
Recommended—That the council elect
a committee to go before tho board of
works to protest against the system of
relief work by which men ore being
paid $2.00 per'day for eight hours, oCn-
curred tn.
Recommended—That In view of the
fnct that Col. Davidson refuses to cm-
body the fair wage clause ln the False
.Creek agreement, we emphatically coh-
demn the whole agreement.'
Motion—That vje concur.
Amendment—That ,tlie recommendation be referred hock to the committee.
Amendment to the amendment—That a
committee be appointed to the Civic Railway und Bridges, committee, and ask
them. to include a fair wage clause ln
the agreement.
Amendment to the omendment enrried.
Delegates McVety, Pipes and Mldgley
were appointed as the committee to go
before the Board of Works nnd the Railways and Bridges committee.
Boll Call
The statistician reported 53 delegates
BMports of "-Talons
Burgess (Molders)—Trade better: had
difficulty ln getting delegates to attond
meetings of the council.
McMillan (Building Trades Council)—
Council bad suspended Its meetings.
Freckleton (Painters)—Trade quiet.
Tralnor (Civic Employees)—Made 20
new members at their last, meeting, Had
spent 11600 on organizing during post
year. Had sent 136 to the striking miners of Vancouver Island.
Blumberg (Steam Engineers)—Making
new members.
(Brooks (Machinists)—Trade quiet.
Making new members. Grand Trunk
strike settled in their favor. Had collected 176 in the C.P.B. shops for the
striking coal miners.
Key (Amalgamated Carpenters)—
Trade quiet. Making new members. Hnd
sen t< |60 to the miners.
Benson (Typos)—Trade quiet. Men
coming in.   Had sent 160 to miners.
Burkhart    (Barbers)—Had   lost   two
shops and made one since last meeting.
assort of CulMatst Committee
Committeo recommended that Alderman Baxter be endorsed for Mayor. Concurred in.
Recommended that S. Ramage be endorsed for Ward 3. Concurred in .
Recommended  that Aid. McSpadden be
endorsed for Ward '.   Concurred in.
Motion—That the replies of Delbrldge,
Hamilton nnd Jacobs be received as fair,
but that the council do not endorse
them.   Carried.
Recommended that Aid. Campbell be
endorsed for Ward 6.   Concurred In.
Recommended that council oppose Aid.
McBeath in Hastings TownBlte. Concurred In. .." .,
Motion—That we concur in the report
of the committee as a whole.
Amendment—That the report of the
committee be received, and that the various replies be printed for the guidance
of working class voters, but that. this
council, as an organized body, take no
notion In endorsatlon or otherwise.
Amendment to the nmendment—That
the report of the committee be died.
Amendment to amendment carried.
sTomlnatlon of OOosrs
For president—Benson, Durant, Mldgley.
For Vlco-prcsident—Manson, Pipes,
McMennnim, McVety, Burkhart.
For Secretary—Wilkinson, Jones, and
Mldgley. , .  „
For   Secretary-treasurer — Campbell,
For° Statistician—Pettipiece, Herrltt.
For fiergcant-ut-arms—MceVty, Blumberg, Phllpot, Tralnor.
For Trustees—Hoover, Pipes, Burkhart, Freckleton, Hurst, Jones.
Organization Committee Report—Recommended that the council grant »26 to
the Rtenm Engineers for organization
Motion that we concur.
Amendment that It he referred back
to the committee.
Motion carried.
Motion—That when we adjourn we ad-
Typloal Brand of Brainless Thug .
Duplicate ot a special policeman's
love letter from Cumberland, B.C., to
his sweetheart in Vancouver:
"Waverly Hotel, Cumberland, B.C.,
Nov. 29th.—My Dear Edith: I just
receiver your very kind and wellcom
letter say Bweethort I was very pleased
to hear from you I have ben womed
a hole lot abate my (giij) not the way
I spell glsl. Ha Ha. So you want
me to tell you what I am Doomg well
dear I will tell you any thing you want
to knau I have a Job. with the government of B, C. I dont know Just how
long it will lort yet theor Is a big strike
on hear and I am working In the police
deportment theor os ben a terbel time
heor a cupel of murders of ben comlt-
ed but you mrst nat worrey abote that
part of lt E am gut on bine sau for
theor is ISO ot us heor wel may be
heor 00 days yet mabey 90 wei dont
knou thngs Is prety oldelye Just nau
Just yun read the VancovBer paper IT
will tell you all abate It dlar. I wish
I was back to my baby ance organl 1
dont think I wood ever llvl yun crglne
dear I am gut S96 per month In my
keep that Ib pretty good sal I want to
Bxty aB long as I can dear than I
think I will gas to cal an gut steady
Job In the police In Vancouver but we
want some money Just knnl dear I will
sa by by nou love.
"XXXX wrltl soon.
Secretary B. C. Federation of Labor-
It Is very Improbable that the Clgarmakers local union, 367 will send a representative to the coming convention
in Victoria, but there is a request that
we would like to have you present to
the convention. Request that the convention ask the Premier, Sir Richard
McBride, If the Bruce Payne Cigar factory In Granby, Quebec, has his permission to use his likeness and name to
forward the sale of their cheap, nonunion cigars In this province, and further If he has given them permission to
use his name and likeness, would he have
the Bruce Payne Co. cease using lt ln
the future.
The cigar we rofer .to is called "Our
Dick," and on the label of -the box and
on all their bill-board bulletins Is a
painting of Sir Richard McBride.
They are using his popularity to sell
their cigar and we believe the premier
who is a native British Columbia",
should resent this practice of an unfair
cigar firm In the east using his prestige
and popularity to enhance the sale of
an. Easierh product to tho disadvantage
and loss of looal British Colr/mbian
cigar manufacturers and clgarmakers.
Wishing the convention the success It
merits ond hoping you will find it possible and convenient to meet our request, I remain,
Yours fraternally,
Fin. Secy. No. 357, Vancouver, B. c.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Please
publish the following ln your next
Issue and oblige.
The following resolution was-put
before the party membership ot the
B. C. S. D. P., and passed unanimously:
Resolved: That we write all trades
unions and industrial unions of B.C.
that would be bound by the action of
such conventions to be represented at
all nominating conventions of the
S. D. P. of C. in this province, the
basis of representation to be mutually
agreed upon; and we express our willingness to co-operate with them both
on and off the platform. The only
stipulation we make, being that the
candidates nominated must be socialists, and where possible working men
and unionists.
Pro. Sec. S.D.P. ot C.
Box 410.
companies are false. They learn that
capitalism Is international, that exploitation In America is Just the eame
as it Ib in Europe or Asia. The daughters or Europe and Asia are robbed
of their virtue and purity ln America
with aB little compunction as possible,
Ellis Island Ib a recruiting ground
for the large manufacturers of steel
and textile goods, for the large mine
operators. In tho steel mills organisation was disrupted by the Influx ot
foreign tongues, but, thanks to the perseverance of the great American labor
movement, we are educating them.
The mine owners of Colorado were
surprised when the Greeks struck for
humane conditions; the husky Slav
had been Improving his mind and Is
becoming a menace to the "SYSTEM."
They propose to make the Puget
Sound stations another Ellis Island, a
strike-breaking agency for the lumber
trust, and the fruit growers of the Pacific Coast.
Workingmen of the Pacific Coast,
arouse from your sleep ot Indifference!
Organize, educate!
First    Vice-President    International
Shingle Weavers' Union,
District No. 18
Fernle, B.C., December 27, 1912.
To tbe Officers and Members of Local
Unions, Diet. 18, U.M.W. of A.
Greeting—In accordance   with the
provisions as set forth ln Article 8,
Section 6, District Constitution, we beg
to advise that the following candidates
having received the highest number
of votes, are duly elected for the several offices:
For president—C. Stubbs.
For vice-president—J. O. Jones.
For  secretary-treasurer—A. J. Car
For International board member—D.
For district auditore—D. Paton, T.
District board members—Sub-district No. 1, J. W. Gray; Sub-district
No. 2, Jas. Burke; Sub-district No. 3,
no election held; Sub-district No. 4, N.
D. Thachuk (acclamation).
Youe fraternally,
Among the Painters,
Vice-president Scott of the International Brotherhood of Painters and
Decorators' Union, with headquarters
at Winnipeg, is paying an fflclal visit
to many Ontario industrial centres,
with good results reported.
New Plumbers' Local.
A. F. of L. Organiser John A. Flett
has succeeded in planting a new
Plumbers' Union at Welland, Ont He
reports, too, a steady growth *«| tbe
membership of the Btotberhood of
Carpenters' Local In the Grape Vine
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
417 Granville Btreet, Phone 3822
VAHOOUVMt,  B.  0.
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select trom
FRED PERRY Ubor Temple Tailor
Corner Hornet snd Dununuit Sueeti
Information Wanted.
A. Oold Is enquired for by his
brother. He is a carpenter (union)
and was last heard from at 622 4th
avenue W„ Calgary, Alberta, Business agents and others might look
Into this aiid send any Information
that they may have to H. Oold, 18
Durham row, Stepney, London, Eng.
The Montreal Herald haa been sued
for 1600,000 damages for saying things
about tramway directors. Out here
the comment complained ot wouldn't
even cause a ripple of comment.
The Edmonton, Alta., press Is seriously discussing the advisability of
having the municipality own and operate Its own coal mines, along with
the many other public utilities already
Stay   away   from   Porcupine, Ont.
Strike onl
The Teamsters' Union.
If the existent building trades
unions of Vancouver are on to their
jobs they will do their utmost to cultivate the survival of the Teamsters'
Union. The Teamsters, If well organized, hold the key to the Industrial
situation in times of a crisis. Transportation is tbe main artery of commerce, Let there be a vigorous effort
made to hold the Teamsters together.
The road may be rocky, but we get
very little out of old King Capital unless we fight for It. The Teamsters'
Union le worth sticking for.
Labor paper editors, along with
wage workers In Canada, will be Interested to know that the total output
In gold for the year 1912 amounted to
$464,000,000, an Increase ot $5,500,000
over the preceding year. Not that any
of us have any more of lt, but it
Stay  away  from   Porcupine, Ont.
Strike onl
Journ to meet again on -January  23rd.
Delegate Tralnor reported that the attempt to organizo the teamsters had not
been successful.
•Totloss of Motion
Delegates Freckleton and Aggs withdrew a notice of motion standing ln their
name, by consent of the council, with
the undertsandlng that lt should be introduced at a later date ln a more precise form.
Adjournment 10.46 p.m.
General Secretary.
Imperial Wine
54 Cordova Struct West
Phone Sbv, 955
Direct Importers of
Goods Delivered Free to all
parts of the city
A Credit to Union Workmanship
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Par Yaar
Miners' Magaiine 605 Railroad
Bldg, Denver, Colorado
Hardware and Furniture
Carpenters' Tools Our Specially
Bargain sale of bankrupt furniture—dressers, beds, heaters,
sideboards and cook stoves at
prices that defy competition
135-8 Cordova St. East
Near Main   Phone Sey. 1579
and Jewelery
Geo. G. Bigger
143  Hastings Btreet  Weat
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.    Phone Sey. 70S
Berry Bros.
Agent.* for Cleveland Cycles,
"Tht ■(cycle with the •epnUtiom"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
•18 ZAjrnrai wt. m.
Ask Your
a. e. Buaaat ipw-ltco.
Which Will You Pay?
930 for a half decent ready-made, made under conditions that are indecent or will you pay
that haa complied with union requirements and ia
made of the veiy best English Woolens that money
will buy? If you are a union man and consistent in
your principles you must deoide in favor of a union
made Suit made by
Labor Temple   Dunsmuir Street


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